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The Hedley Gazette Nov 2, 1916

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 r^TiCTT  \7S  r.O"  Number 42.  ' '.   ,l. 0-   ,-,-*���������,  ,U''<&  V  : -/.V a%  .'i.'li!*'  .-  **'   t-.vw  ���������-���������'���������#  HEDLEY, B.C., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER-2,  1916.  $2.00, In Advance  Travel by Auto...  Call up Phone No. 12  I" Il A good stock of Homes and Rigs on  [ Hand.    II Orders for Teaming  jr) piomptly attended  to.  *4\ WOOD    POR   SALE!      ;  Jp{    If PftL/\6&  if yvery, Feed & Sale Stables  lift   HKDLEY   B. O.  "TO Hhonel  m  D. J.   INNIS Proprietoi  tjP-i N. Thomps n  m  eriOiVE sk* mouit .MlIS  MOR, WF8TKHN' CANADA  \JJH Cammell Laird & Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturers  Sheffield, Eng;.  Ofllees and Warehouse, 847-03 Boitty Street  Vancouver, B. C.  A. F. & A. M.  UEGUIjAH monthly meeting's of  Hedley Lodge No. 43, A. F. & A. M.,  aro held on the second  Friday in  |!SjI.;(j each month in Fraternity,hull, Hodloy. Visiting  IftJtW brethren aro cordially invited to attond.  Wr/i ������- "��������� SPROULE. S. E. HAMILTON  E*ffe,l ' W. M Secretary  L. O. L.  The Regular    meeting-! of  'Hedley Lodge 1744 aio held on  tho  first and third Monday in  every month in tho Orange Hall  Ladies meet Und and i Mondayn  Visiting bietlicrn aro coidially invited  7     AV. LOXSPALE, AV. M.  H. K. HANSON, Sec't.  Fg. F>. BROWN  British Columbia Land Surveyor  Tel. No. 27 1'. O. Dkawkii KKi  PENTICTON,       -       -       B. C.  ^      *,       ���������*-"���������  P. W. GREGORY  G1VII,  UNOINKER  and BRITISH  COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building       - _    Princeton  ���������"VUll-t   CI \VTi*t\ C   I".   H1SKINR  6Lf\yT0N it fiflSKINS  Barristers,  Solicitors, Etc.  MONEY TO LOAN  PENTICTON, - B. C.  Hedley Opera House  ,������     fl. I. JONES, Manaoer  ii\ A large,  commodious hall for  jjl(j dances or other entertainment.  ft'/ i  X  Grand Union f  Hotel  X  X  X  X  x  HEDLEY,   British Columbia x  -���������;���������- , : ; ���������' x  %  X  X  3  St  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  5  Bar Stocked with Best Brands _jt  I    '       of Liquor and Cigars ������  ���������f   ��������� ��������� j������  I ______���������. __ _ ^  I A.   WINKLER,     Proprietor   %  i .���������   't  HEDLEY MEAT  MARKET....  ���������"p  All .kinds of.fresh and  cured meats always on  hand. Fresh Fish on  sale   every   Thursday.  R. J. EDMOND, Prop.  I  GREAT  NORTHERN  HOTEL  HEDLEY B.C.  Bar and Table the Best.   Rates Moderate  w> First Class Accoriimodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor  KEREMEOS ITEMS.   J  W. IT. Armstrong, wife and  friends left for the coast. Tuesday.  Messrs Slattery and Pratt of  Vancouver were in town on  Saturday.  Miss M. Armstrong left on  Tuesday's train forReattlo Fora  few daj's.  Mrs. W. M. Frith spent Tuesday at Cawston the guest of  Mrs. Taylor.  Practically the first rain for  several months arrived on Monday evening.   "  Mr. Ray Mott of Penticton  spent Sunday in town a guest at  the Hotel Keremeos,  . F. II; French of Hedley shipped two or three cars of potaoe's  at the station here this week.  Mr. Young has been having  the sidewalks repaired this week  which is a great improvement.  Miss Rita Kirby, who has been  confined to her bed with la  grippe, is able to be  out again.  The kids made three general  rounds on Hollowe'en night and  cut up as much mischief as possible.  Mrs. G. B. Clarke left on Friday for Salmon Arm where she  will visit her nephew for a few  weeks.  Mr. Charles Jordon returned  home last week from Halcyon  hot springs much improved in  health.  Roy. Mr. Cleland of Penticton  preached to a large audience in  the town hall Sunday   morning  and ovonini;.  ,.���������-���������,        ..*���������*  Mr. Brown, provincial land  surveyor of J'en ticton, surveyed  some lots at the Cawston town-  site last week.  R. H. Cai michael returned  home on Sunday from Tulameen, where he had been for  the last few days.  Mr. L. V. Newton of Cawston  has started work on his new  store, which will be quite a  large building���������30 x CO feet.  Mrs. Carle entertained a few  friends nt dinner oii( Monday  evening, the occasion being the  anniversary of Mr. Cat le's birthday.  Mr. Ben Hoy of tho agricultural department is here looking after the large potato shipments being made to American  points.  The Misses Gibson entertained their friends at ������a Hallowe'en party at their home,  Riverside Lodge, on Tuesday  evening.  Mr. M. B; Ewart, wife and  family of Penticton motored  over on Sunday and spent the  day Avith Mr. and Mrs. Car-  michael.  Mr. J. 11. Brown of Summer-  land, Indian 'agent, was in  town last week accompanied by  Mr. Andrew and Mrs. Marshall,  also of Summerland.  Mr. Jones of Nelson, the popular representative of Kelly,  Douglas <& Co., Vancouver, was  in town on Thursday looking  after .the interests of his firm.  V. ���������  Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Armstrong  arrived from the coast Thursday. Mr. Armstrong is looking  after some potato shipments  which he   is  making to Seattle.  The Women's Institute will-  hold their -annual bazaar on  Friday, Nov. 19th, in the town  hall. Proceeds for patriotic  purposes. Dance following sale  of work.  Mr. Fv B. Gibson has been  putting extensive repairs on  the interior of his house and  has put in a new furnace  which makes a great improvement to his beautiful residence. I  A. J. King   A.  Ream     I<\ Rontlcy   A. XV. Hsi'ipci-  .1. Od.uc   .1. .Iiimicsoii   W.  Knmvle''   XV. XV. McD'iiipf.ill  .1. Domii'llv   T. L. Ti-ii'.v   Leo Mi own   Mr. A Robertson has Jiis silo  completed and filled with about  eighty tons of corn and alfalfa  for his cows during the winter.  It is 15 feet across and -10 feet  hijih.  Mr. Ik. II. Cannichael went  after a goose on Monday night,  which was seen flying over  town, but as we go to press no <"'. R McOlm-e  reports have been received as  to whether lie has been sneces-  ful or not.  Potatoes, potaloes, potatoes!  Nothing but loads of potatoes.  They arercoming in four-horse  teams, two-horse teams, one-  horse teams, aud autos. Any  one with a sack which they  wish to save, my advice to them  is hide it.  The Similkameen "Cannery  company have about' finished  operations for the season. They  will pack about seven thousand  cases this year, one-third of  what they expected to pack, on  account of the backward season.  They shipped the first car last  week to Moose Jaw, Sask.  MONTHLY REPORT  Hedley Patriotic Fund Committee  The Hedley  Patriotic  Funds  committee submit the following  report covering collections made  for the month of Sept.   If your  name   does   not   appear   your  subscription  has  not  been,  received- during  the month.    In  some   cases    subscriptions   are  paid in advance  and  have previously been acknowledged.    It  you are in arrears please   hand  your subscription to  the Treasure:-.    Collections  made as pet-  list, month of Sept., $5)10.0.").   Of  this  amount  $161.85   was   subscribed for the Hedley Enlisted  Men's     Fund.      The     balance,  $770.10, was   subscribed   for tho  Canadian Patriotic Fund.  Following will show the  amounts remitted to the Canadian Patriotic Fund:  October, 1914. . ...  January, 191G.. ..  February, 1010....  March, 191(5  ..   .   .  April, 1910   May. 1910   June. 1910   July, 1910   August, 1910       7-17 50  $1001  75  597  00  772  00  752  75  717  50  717  95  791  85  737  15  September, 1910.  770 10  $7671 55  C. P. Dallox,  Sec.-Treas.  We   hereby   certify  that   we  have  examined  the  books and  accounts of the Hedley Patriotic  Funds  Committee and find the  above statement to be  correct.  H. D. Barnes   1 .   .',.'  F. M. Gi,rj.T5.sPiK/Audltors-  r.-VYROT,!,   DEDUCTIONS,  SKIT,   1910.  W. Sampson   M. T>. G-.-7.on   Friend.   R. \V. Knowles   "Win. Li-nsfl'ilc   0. K.  I Vic ii-   A. V'l.-iie   S. L. .Smith   G.-E. French.   John Smith   I\ Murray   P. G. Wright   C A. Brown   V. Zfickt'ison   H, E.  Hanson   XV. Mat hew   R. 8. Collin   J. VV. Wii-th...'....  W. W. (Joi-i-igjiii....  L. C. Rolls   R. Boyd   P. MilleU   H. I*1. Jones ..:   T. O. Porteous   G. XV. Wiifuien....  ������S. C. Knowles   T. Henderson   H. T. Riiinhow ,  G. Knowles.   G. Stevens, ,  T. R. Willey.....   J. G. Welistei.    .  R. Ol.u e .  J. ILudm.tn  M. Me Lend."   .  R. L. Jones.  A. F. Looiuet ��������� ���������  $ 5.00  :').0(l  S.00  S.00  10.00  r-.oo  5.00  5.00  3.50  4.50  (5.00  -1.00  ���������J-.50  4.00  4.00  4.00  5.00  1.50  ���������1.50  :*.75  8.75  3.75  5.00  4.50  4,50  4.00  4.00  4.50  5.00  4.75  4.00  5,00  1.00  1.00  I 50  .3.50  I). I'ni'i.  XX'. Roher-I ion   .lii".   Whyte../.   F. Dec'ii-io >   R. Anderson   A. Appleton   N. Slcchisliin   T. BysouLh   L. Bjsso   J. R. Brown   E. He-g   J. Coulthiud   ���������I. Grieve   J. Galitzky   M. Gillib   R. H'unbly ,  J. A. Holland   J. Hancock         .1. Hos^ick     P. Johnson   S. Johns   P. R. Johnson ... *.   0. G. Johnson   L. Johns   O. .Lindp-i en   It. S. Monition   H. H. Messing-.-!-   W. Mitchell   G. Malm   J. Mai tin   K. O. Peter-son   G. Piideaux   Fred Pe.uee   A. Rawnsley. .". ,  B. Rescorl   Geo. Ransom   XV. Ray    ... '   G. R-iiihe.,.        .    J. Roden   Ole Sci eoni"*   W. .1. Stewnit   Swan Sweedlinpf   0. A. Solqui.-l  dispel Sleenv .   .  \V. YY. Hmv.-ihc  A., W. Vance   .1. Williamson.   . .    FO (-h.ipm.tn   >S Dogtidin   G K lit it-son   XV. T. Giievt".       A. Nyhoig   W. Trc/.onn     ... '.  T Baird   K Jackson   J Blown       J McOanlay-       Joe Gentles   OT iVoiman   G It Allen   A Aiu1ci<noii.    J Thomas  ..    A Aniey. ...  I j Bai low. ...  Otto  Johneon.       . .   .  G Lenf   A Leslie ...  T I) Morrison   T. OKon.    . ....  A Olson   F Peterson  ..    G Peteison   T E Rouse   W Snyder    XV Wills         Richaid Glare   H. J. Jones   G G Bowenrian.   R Sedlund....    J. Watson   Geo Brown '   H H Cameroir.   S AGibb.   W C Graham   J MacKenzie   J Si.rsfie.ld   W'liins........   D Winder   K Williams....   J  Fife.. '..      II BULKY���������TOWN   LIST.  W. J. Corniiick   J. K, Fraser    G. P. Jones   Miss A MfKinnon   Rev R Williams   W .1 Forbes   G. A. Riddle   H. I). Barnes   C. P. Dalton   A. T. Hoi-swell   F, M. .Gillespie       A.  Winkler   J. Jackson   T. H.  Rotherliain   \V,-T. Butler   U. Bai-num   G. McEachren   Miss Roche.   J. I). Brass   R. J. Edinond..   F. H. French   W. A. McLean..   .bis.  Sti \\.\l t.  Miss L.  Bi'iili-  John iM.iiihiilei  MissE.  01,11 e  .1.lines (Jlaike  3.75  James ('iitthlc>.  ���������1.00  1.00  3.50  3 50  3.50  3.50  5.00  3.50  3.75  3.50  3.50  3.75  3.50  3.75  3.50  3.50  1.50  3.50  3.75  1.25  3.75  1.25  t.25  1.25  1.25  1.25  1.25  4.00  5 00  3.00  2.50  The Daly Redaction Oo     200 00  R. J. Ooi i igan   G  Lyon     F "Lyon .   *   A. J. McGibbon   Friend   Miss M lleale   K I)   Hoeing   J Murdoch   J Raiile   Or.   Klliot   Bruce Rolls   Geo Sholder   1.25  5.00  4.25  1.25  4.25  5.00  3.75  4.25  (.25  2.10  5.75  1.25  1.85  1.00  1.25  5.00  5.00  3.75  4.00  1.25  1.25  1.00  1.75  2.75  2.50  5.75  1.75  1.S5  3.75  3.50  1.75  3.75  3.75  Sock Day.  Sock Day, Oct. 19th, wa.s svell  patronized, SI pair of socks be-!*������ml hides  ing donated. The other contributions were 0 towels, 5 pillow  cases, 13 packages gum, antiseptic foot powder, tobacco, 19 lab-  lets. 12 packages envelopes, 8  pencils, money from tho tea  $10.75, donations $2.50, bank  box $0, total, $19.25. A vote of  thanks   was   extended   to   the  young    ladies   who   so   kindly  served   the  various   tea  tables.  The children in town responded  generously to the call  made for  supplies.    Following  were sent  in   by  divi.-ion  I,   Miss   Todd's  school :    9   writing   tablets,  3.'{  pencils,   0   packages  envelopes  and 3 3-cent stamps, 1 vasaline,  1 pair Turkish towels.  dent of  the  Boundary districtV>.t^  some years ago. The eoramand;^^  ing  officer  of E and   H   Com'-U"T^  panics,   107th,   is  Major  Or-'M.[''Jf^  5.00 Shaw,  also   well  known in" the'-^y  - M  lioimdary     and    Siniilkaiiieen S "^    -,  ���������.-'"'fdistric'ts. ��������� .-   V**3l  TOWN AND DISTRICT  \  Hariy Prince of Oroville was  in town last week after scalps���������  Tox Bums returned Tuesday  after about two months spent.'  at Soap Lake, Wash.   .> -  li. II. Carmichael and H-.^Ai; f)5^|  Barcello of Jvefemeos.'<\Ycfc^(fls/^T,  visitors in town last week!';   ".'���������;":.-;'-?  Dr. and Mrs. Ritchie and JVE.^v~ Z/Pi  and Mrs. Thompson of Phoenix  were visitors hi town Saturday  on their way to Princeton:  John Simpson of Greenwood,  chief   of   provincial  police~for.  this  district,   was   in * town 'a-  couple  of days   last   week' on -  official business.'     *    -    ,    ���������'  ' >'���������"  "ciriSj  '^"JVVa"  Division   2, Miss   McKinnonV  if"  >>> ���������>''  N. Thompson, ��������� representing  the Vancouver branch of Cammell  Laird & Co.,  steel manur\  room:    51   packages   gum,   12  ^turers of Sheffield; Eng.,'wtisM.  'm town* last week. * .V     ''V-;  t.25  1.25  3.75  1.25  2.00  1,25  1.85  1.25  4.25  3.75  1.50  1.25  1.25  4.25  3.75  4.25  3.75  2.10  3.75  3.75  3.75  3.75  1.25  3.50  1.25  1.25  3.50  3.00  4.00  3.50  3.50  3.50  4.25  4.25  3.75  2.10  4.25  4.00  1.S5  4.00  2.00  writing tablets, 12 packages envelopes, 19 pencils, 3 pair socks,  3 bars soap, 3 bars chocolate, 2  packages cigarettes.  Nickel Plate school, \IKs Dill:  2 writing tablets, 2 packages  envelopes, 2 pencils, 6 packages  gum.  Tho Sewing   Circle thank the  children anil   all  others who so  kindly   helped    to   cheer   some  lonely   soldier.     XX'o   two, asked  from    headquarters   to  -double  our efforts, as   hospital supplies  are needed in great  quantities.  We cannot do this  unless more  turn out to  sew, as   those  who  attend    regularly    are   always  busy.    One   way   to   help   is to  come to  the tea  and  increase  the  collections.    Ifyouaretoo  busy   to   sew  come   to   tea at I  o'clock.    You   will be welcome.  Come everybody: our own boys  aro entering the hospitals now.  and for their s-ike as well as for  the cause, come.  ���������'-#F  -.->'  Private Cyril N. Moody,jaged>"[ ���������������?!"-$������  19, of the New Zealand Expedi- ':; ^Vf  ditionary  Force,   has 'won  the  Victoria  Cross.    Pto.  Moody is  a nephew of Mrs.G.B. Lyon of"  Hedley.  A number of  the prominent ' ������������������ "  Liberals  of  Hedley went up to    T  Princeton yesterday  to   attend-- ,-"  a party love feast,   liepresenta- \  tives from all part's of the riding ^  -*^  ;   3.50  5.00  20.00  2.00  .2.50  4.50  3.00  5.00  4.50  3.00  10. (X)  5.00  5.00  5.001  3.00  1.00  5.00  2.00  5.00  3.00  5.00  5.00  ���������2 (X)  1 00  5 00  2 00  2 50  1 00  October School Report.  Standing according to   merit  of pupils of Divi.sion 1:  HIGH school mvisroN  Second Vear ��������� Marguerite  Luke, 591 percent.  First Year���������I, lna Boyd, 15  per cent: 2, Hugh McKenzie. 31  per cent: 3 George Beale.  PUBLIC  SCHOOL DIVISION.  Entrance Class-1, Elsie Smith,  55  per  cent; 2, John   Smith, 53  per  cent;   3,   Garnet   Luke;   -1,  Lena Wirth,   5   Claire Loonier;  0, Flmer Burr; 7, Etta Murdoch,  20 per cent. ......  Junior Fourth���������1, George  Wirth, -19 per. cent; 2, Corner  Jones, 39 percent; 3, Rose Jones,  31 per cent; -I, Wesley Lyon. 31  per cent. F. Todd, readier.  division II.  Ill Reader���������1 Fred liardinan,  2 Mary Fraser*.  Senior II Reader���������1 Marjorie  Stevens. 2 Gordon Stanley.  Junior II Reader-John Hard-  man, 2 Marguerite Jones and  Kttthei'ine Hossack.  First Reader -Norma French,  2 Mary Bent-ley.  Second Printer���������1 Dorothy  Critchley, 2 Edith Follet,  First Primer���������1 Jack Fraser,  2 Geoffrey Stevens,  Receiving   Glass���������1     Wilfred  French, 2 Rachael Hardman.  A. M. McKinxox, Teacher.  were" there.  The first, snow of the season  could be seen on the tops of the  hills Tuesday morning, but none  in the valley yet. The nights  are cold but the days are exceptionally warm.  R. T. Lowery, yublisher of  The Ledge, Greenwood, wa.s on  Saturday's train going - to  Princeton. He will shortly go  south and spend the winter in  San Diego, California.  Saturday evening lust a number of the friends of Mr. and  Mrs. J. Maierhoff gave theni a  surprise at their homo, that day  being the thirteenth anniversary of their mnrriagu.  The large and small boys were  out in force Tuesday night.  They didn't do much damage  but they did more real hard  work than their parents could  get out of them in a year and  enjoyed it.  I. L. Merrill, of Los Angeles.  Cai., president of tlie Hedley  Gold Mining company, arrived  in town Saturday on his semiannual visit, and left Tuesday.  He was accompanied by Mrs.  Morrill nnil son.  ���������teat  *���������      -������������������������"  iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiii  an-m  We have received a copy of  The Morrissey Mention, official  organ E and H companies, 107th  regiment. Tho Mention is published at Ferine and is edited  by Pte. Randolph Kilbie Stuart,  a well known and popular resi-  mm  ie Similkameen Star says  that the new 3-cont -postage  stamps were on sale in that  town last week. Slow .town,  Princeton! The exemplification  in postage stamps of the dark ;  brown taste appeared in Hed-  /ey about a month ago.  Pte.. Charles  H.    Lowe,   was  wounded in action   on  Septem  ber 28.    Pte. Lowe left Victoria  with   the   S8th   battalion, Vic--  toria Fusiliers, and Avas drafted  from   the   Old   Country    with  the     3rd      Canadian    Pioneer  Corps, with  which   unit be was  serving when incapacitated. Al-  though he  did   not  live in this  city prior to the war, Pte. Lowe  has many friends here.  He was  engaged   in   ranching   in    they  Similkameen \ alley before coining to this city to join tho-Fqsi-^  Hers.    He    was   born   in ^^:<-0lW&$  ' '���������������������������- *k'������,'! ,-,t^; ���������J'Jrt'iS^jSB!  i*.(.''K3 THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.      C.'  Oon't Cough Your Throat Sore, Don't Suffer,  USE "Nerviline," It Will Cure You Quickly  Women As Inventors  The   Annoyance of a  Cough Soothed Away in  One Day  Had l     ^n   rubbing   on   Nerviline,   you   use  ' something   safe,   reliable  and   sure  to  cure.    Its action  is  marvellous.    The  way it sinks in through the tissues���������|-,.,,.>,  the way it penetrates  to,.the scat of.'_; '. _  the  congestion  is  really a  wonder.  For chronic colds,  coughs,  or sore  Nothing   so   bad   for  the   throat  as  coughing,     and    nothing half so  an-,  noyirig as   to  have  someone  near by [ throat'you can't beat this  trusty old  that     is      hacking, ^assSS^^ss^ESSSS^7^!m1>. family remedy.   Its  sneezing,    or   .con-        ^^^^M^^Ss&f^Smta^^^^. name   spells      cure  for ; any sort _ of  pain m the joints  or muscles. Try  it for 'rheumatism,  sciatica    or  lumbago,  stanlly clearing the  throat.  Rub on Nerviline  ������������������it will save you  all  further--.pain and distress.  one good rub .with this soothing, pen-j test it out  for neuralgia or headache  ctraling remedy will bring  the linest!���������in   every   case   you'll   find   amazing  relief,    will   take    out  that    rasping  soreness,    will,   slop    that    irritating  tickle that makes you want to cough  so much.  Nerviline isn't something new. It  has a record of forty years of. wonderful success behind it.  virtue  and  curative  power  in   Ncrvi  line.  Most families keep the large 50c  bottle always handy on the shelf;  trial size 25c, at all dealers in medicine, or the Catarrhozone Co., Kingston, Canada.  The Birth of a Nation  (V Thrilling Drama Shown in Motion  Pictures  The unqualified success attending  the production of D. XV. Griffith's famous "Birth of a. Nation" last season  decided C. P. Walker, of Winnipeg,  to again secure the attraction forhis  western towns, and the mightiest  spectacle, the eighth wonder of the  world, will make its* reappearance at  the Walker, Winnipeg, for three days  of  the  Moslem   world  with     daily     matinees,     commencing  Thursday,  September 28.  This will be the third visit (the picture having already been presented  four weeks in Winnipeg), and there  is little doubt capacity houses will  again be the order. After playing  the Manitoba capital, the company  goes to the Orphcum Theatre, Brandon, for the entire week commencing  Monday, October.2nd, where two performances daily will be offered. Rc-  gina is the next city to be played,  where two shows daily, commencing'  Thanksgiving Day," Monday, October  9, will be presented.  p'or three days, commencing Thursday, October 19th, the Empire  Theatre, Saskatoon, will be played,  and from there the organization travels  West  towards  "Vancouver.  Arrangements arc being made to  run special trains from the small  towns and villages into Winnipeg,  Brandon, Regina and Saskatoon, and  there is little doubt that many will  avail themselves of the opportunity  to see the greatest photoplay the  world has ever seen or is likely^ to  see for many a day. ~~  "The Birth of a Nation" as presented in the above towns will be precisely the 'same as the one now playing the Massey Hall, Toronto, for  the  fifth     week, and     comprises  not  Famous and Prosperous Mecca  Mecca, where Arabian independence has been proclaimed, was a famous and prosperous city many centuries before it became the metropolis of Islam. The Makoraba of Ptolemy and the capital of the Hedjaz,  it has been a notable trading centre  since very early limes, and the fam-  ous_ , Kaaba, _originally a heathen  shrine containing a miraculous fetish,  attracted pagan pilgrims long before  Mahomet  made  it  the  holiest  shrine  Except for  Many    Notable  Inventions    Are  the  Result of Ingenuity of Women  Women arc generally considered  lacking in inventive ability. The  I ruth is that they have been taking  put patents steadily since 1790. It  must be confessed that these ideas  not always turned out a complete success, but, then, the world  has progressed as a result of many  mistakes other than those of inventors. How few women ever realise  as. they ply their crochet needle that  it was a Scotch woman, Christian  Shaw, the daughter of the Laird of  Balgarran, in Renfrewshire, who was  the first to produce linen thread, as.  far back as 1729; her idea was developed later by the big Paisley firms  of Clark and Coals.  Silk weaving was invented by the  wife of the fourth Emperor of China,  in the dim ages of antiquity; a woman in.the harem of an Indian prince  invented the weaving of cashmere  shawls; the same clever woman or  her mother (authorities differ on.the  point) discovered attar of roses;  while a poor Italian womin rediscovered the secret of Venetian point  lace, which had been lost for nearly  600 years. Madame Curie's triumph  ay the discoverer of radium is still  fresh in the public mind, as is that  of Dr. Maria Montessori, whose novel  methods are likely to revolutionise  the art of teaching in the near .future.  The Revolt of Brussels  the Great Mosque and- a few minor  buildings,, most of Mecca has been  rebuilt in modern times.���������London  Chronicle.  Irate Business Man:"* You book  agents make me so angry with your  confounded nerve and impudence  that I cannot find words to express  my feelings.  Agent: Then I am the very man  you want.    I am selling dictionaries.  SAVE THE CHILDREN  Mothers avIio keep a box of Baby's  Own Tablets in the house may feel  that the lives of their little ones arc  reasonably safe during the hot weather. Stomach troubles, cholera infantum and diarrhoea carry off thousands of little ones every summer, in  most cases because the mother does  not have a safe medicine at hand to  give promptly. Baby's Own Tablets  cure these troubles, or if given occasionally to the well child will prevent  their coming on. The Tablets are  guaranteed by a government analyst  to- be absolutely harmless even to the  new-born babe. They arc especially  good in summer because they regulate the bowels and keep the stomach  sweet  and pure.    They are sold  You will find relief in Zam-Buk!  It eases the burning, stinging  pain, stops bleeding and brings  ease. Perseverance, with Zam-  Buk, means cure: Why not prove  this ?   *** Druggists ������*wi Stores."  soo box.  Germans   Trying  to  Drive   Belgians  to  Last  Stage  of  Desperation  Report that' the city of Brussels  has refused to pay a fine of five million marks, imposed by the Germans  as a penalty for the patriotic demonstrations which marked, the observance of Belgium's national fete day,  July 21, is likely soon to be followed  by news of staggering interest in the  whole  world.  Brussels, is iinder the German, heel  ������������������what  can  she  do?    .  To attempt to squeeze more millions out of the people of the Belgium  capital, because of- the inevitable  show of patriotism on such an occasion, would be outrageous: But, even  at that,! the explanation is probably  only, trumped-up.  The German military authorities  have heretofore given plain evidence  of a desire and purpose to drive the  Belgians to "the last stage of desperation. The revolt of the municipality of Brussels at this latest imposition indicates that the stage has been  reached.  But if the people of Brussels neither can, nor will, stand any more  oppression, what next?  The.:. Germans Undoubtedly have  that all arranged, and wc may be sure  tliat the programme is a sinister one.  They, would hardly have penalized  the city without preparation against  the contingency that payment would  be refused���������such is efficiency. ���������;  More than probably, they expected  a refusal; as well asr planned for it���������  or actually sought, by the enormity;  .of this latest punitive act, to arouse  the city to revolt.  Is the world in for a series of fresh  spectacles    illustrating    the;   German  You   can't   beat  for taking rust and  stains o?f knives  To Continue Exploration  Stefansson Plans to Discover Extent  of the New Northland.  A letter has been received by G. J.  Dcsbarats, deputy ; minister of naval  service, from Dr.- Anderson,"oi the  Stefansson.    northern exploration  party,who some time reached Nome.  The letter gives additional details of  the work done by tlie parly and sup-  capacity for contriving ingenious bru- plies: some-information as  to  Stefan  Two Kinds of Water  From One Well  Are  only   12,000  feet  of  film,  but  carries jby medicine dealers or by mail at 25  a sixty-foot, car of scenic, sound and,cents a  box from  The  Dr.  Williams  lighting '-'.effects;-, and last, but by no  means least, must be mentioned the  excellent symphony orchestra of no  less than twenty-five carefully selected musicians.  Minard's Liniment Cures Burns, Etc.  A Family Talk  "Sec here, Jones, you've had that  telephone receiver at your ear for ten  minutes and haven't uttered a word."  "'S-sh! I'm having a typical, conversation  with my wife."  To safeguard the child from damage that worms cause, use_ Miller's  Worm- Powders, the medicine par  excellence for children. These powders will clear the system entirely  of worms, will regulate and stimulate the organs injuriously affected  by the worms, and will encourage  healthful   operation   of  the   diges'tive  Erocesses.    As a vermifuge it cannot  e surpassed in effectiveness.  Medicine   Co.,  Brockville.Ont.'  the  "Bridget,    why have you    put  fly-paper out on  the grass?"  "There ain't no more flies to ketch  in  the house,  mum."  No matter how deep-rooted the  corn or wart may be, it must yield  lo Plolloway's Corn Cure if used as  directed.  Ordinary Water and Brine  Pumped From One Well  in Florida  The geologists of the United States  Geological Survey have lately discov-.  cred a well at Wclaka, on the St.  John's River, Florida, that contains  two kinds of water. It is 309 feet  deep. It was first drilled to a depth  of 160 feet, from which depth ordinary sulphur water was obtained. The  drill was then carried to a depth of  309 feet,c,where it opened^'a, vein of  water that has a strongly disagreeable, salty taste. In order to use  both kinds of water, an inner tubing  was run nearly, to the bottom of the  well. Both that and the outer casing  have been connected with pumps, so  that ordinary water and mineral water can be pumped at the same time.  talii-ics, for following up a cowardly  attack on human rights by another  one, indefinitely, for piling horror on  horror?  They have ravaged the Belgian  harvests for their own use. They  have driven off the herds for meat  and milk���������and casein, .for their munitions. They have deported men,  ivomen and children to slave for the  Isson's future movements.  The letter states that Stcfansson's  plan had been to make a northerly  circuit around the new land, which he  discovered a year ago, with the object of discovering its extent and  whether-: any territory existed north  of there.  As a result of the fact that his  ships  did not  succeed  in getting far  Taxation Of Land Valuea  German    state.      They    have robbed .north in 1915, however, and of trou  Belgian industry right and left. They jblc with his  dogs,  the  explorer was  have  taken     millions  of marks from'unable to  carry out his  design.    He  The    day    has long    since passed  when the doctrines of Henry Gcorgoj  could be ridiculed or. scouted as unworthy of serious attention.      They ]  have  found much  acceptance  in  Europe, and particularly in  Great Brit-^  ain, where there is now a widespread;  feeling   in   favor   of   the- taxation   of"  "unearned    increment" ��������� a    feeling.  which     crystallized    into    legislation  some    years    ago    when    Mr. Lloyd j  George  was   Chancellor of  the     Ex- j  chequer.    In Australasia, in the Canadian West, and elsewhere, the prin- ,  ciple of. differentiation between taxa- i  tion   of  land  values  and  taxation  of  improvements        continually       gains  ground.      "Progress    and    Poverty"'  blazed    the way for    what has now ���������  become a large and important school  of'thought in_ legitimate political economy.���������Hamilton Spectator.  the Belgians to supply their own enfeebled sinews of war.  They have done; all this in defiance  of the law of nations, of Hague conventions and of the opinion of the  civilized world���������sometimes, even in  repudiation of their own plerdges.  The Germans in Belgium are not  done yet. They are mad in the double sense. -The last chapter of the  atrocities which the' Belgians must  suffer is yet to be written.  The world will await, with fresh  apprehension of barbarous cruelties  in5store for that hapless people,' the  German plan of reprisal for the Brussels   revolt.���������Providence Journal. '  Asthma' Brings Misery, but Dr. J.  D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy will  replace the misery with welcome relief. Inhaled as smoke or vapor; ���������- it  reaches  the very inmost recesses  of  A favorite joke played on visitors is the bronchial passages and    soothes  New Zealand  has an  annual   death  rate of less  than 1 per cent.  Reach Summit  to give them first a drink of the  weaker water, and then, if they ask  for more, a glass of the brine. In an  investigation of the underground  waters of the country, the staff of the  Geological Survey have found not  more than half a dozen wells of  that kind, but there is no reason why  they should not be common in regions where the waters in the upper  strata differ from those that lie deeper.  United States is now exporting  $75,000,000 worth of sugar yearly.  Before the war the yearly export  was valued at about $5,000,000.  500,000 Germans Disabled at Verdun  Competent authorities estimate that  about 500,000 Germans have been disabled   in   the      Verdun   region   alone  Mountain    Climbers   Top    Langstaff  While Snowstorm Rages  Prof. E. W. D. Holway, of the University of Minnesota, and Dr. Andrew J. Gilmour, of New York City,  who last year, on August 5, the date  of the arrest of Edith Cavell, made  the, first ascent of Mount Edith Cavell, near Jasper, Alta., have again  been mountain climbing in British  Columbia. They, accompanied by-  Howard Palmer, of New. London,  Conn., have returned from a three  weeks' exploration trip of the vast  snow fields and glaciers at the head  of the Swift Current river, which are  situated    between Mount    Whitehorn  since   February 21,   the  beginning  of ������.n.th<; east" and Mount Langstaff on  ..        ..   /-__.*.    _ir :..-   ti  tUL.  west.  the great German offensive there.  The total number'of wounded German prisoners taken in the Verdun  sector and in the neighborhood of  the  Sommc exceeds 43,000.  Job-seeker (entering office unannounced) : Is there an opening here  for me?  Chief Clerk: Yes, sir, right behind  you.  Bovril makes other foods nourish  you. It has a Body-building power  proved equal to from 10 to 20 times  the amount of Bovril taken.  W.      N.     U.     1124  _Last year Prof. Holway and Dr.  Gilmour succeeded in reaching within 100 feet of the top of Mount Langstaff, but because of the difficult  route chosen and the lateness of the  hour they had to abandon climbing  when victory was almost in sight.  Last year the attempt to climb this  mountain was made from the northwest arrctc at the headwaters of the  Small River.  This year the party, on July 23,  made the first ascent from the southeast side. The ascent took seven  hours and the entire route was over  snow and ice. On the clay of the ascent all conditions of weather were  encountered, sunshine, fog, hail,  snow, rain, thunder and lightning and  even a rainbow was present late in  the day. When the snow-capped  summit was reached a brisk snowstorm was   in  progress.  The electrical phenomena of having  the ice axes sing was also met at  times during the storm. It is an unfortunate fact that this magnificent  and wonderful region for a long lime  to come will, because of its inaccessibility, be denied to all except the  most enthusiastic mountaiuers, as  tents, sleeping bags, and provisions  all have to be carried through the  unbroken forest on the back of the  traveller. Another first ascent of a  snow-clad mountain, the same height  as Mount Langstaff, 10,530 feet, was  also made. Lesser climbs were made,  but due to the incessant rain the work  of the party was much curtailed.  These gentlemen made the ascents  without employing a Swiss guide-  whose services arc generally considered essential on climbs of this character.  He was taken to task because he  had not made an effort to enlist in  the British army, and in his own defense said: "I'm not asking to be let  off���������I'm asking for more time. I've  got a lot of contracts to finish."  "How long will they take?" asked the  Sergeant.      Oh, about three 3'cars."  them. _ Restriction passes and easy  breathing returns. If you' knew as  well how this remedy would help  you as do thousands of grateful users  there would be a package in your  home   tonight.    Try it.  The Test  Mrs. Gnagg (with a reputation):  Doctor, I fear my husband's mind is  affected.    Is there  any sure test?  Doctor: Tell him that you'll never  speak to him again. If he laughs,  he's sane.  PROMINENT  NURSE  SPEAKS.  "Isn't pocket-picking a difficult and  dangerous art?"  "Yes, till you get your hand in."  Many Nurses in Canada and Elsewhere Say the Same.  Chatham, Ont.���������"Being a nurse I  have had occasion to use Dr. Pierce's  Favorite Prescription quite a lot. I  alwaj-s recommend  ib to my patients  and it has been a  wonderful help to  many of them. I  never knew of a  case where it failed.  I have a patient  who is using it  now and she is  doing fine since taking it. I have  taken it myself and got the very best results. I consider it the best medicine  there is to-day for women who are ailing."  ���������Mas. Edith Moore, 30 Degge St.,  Chatham, Ont.  THAT WEAK BACK  Accompanied by pain here and there������������������  extreme nervousness���������sleeplessness���������maybe faint spells, chills or spasms���������all- are  signals of distress for a woman. She may  be growing from girlhood into womanhood  ���������passing from womanhood to motherhood���������or later suffering during middle  life, which leaves so many wrecks of  women. At any or all of these periods  of a woman's lite she should take a tonic  and nervine prescribed for just such cases  by a physician of vast experience in the  diseases from which women suffer.  Dr. Pierce'a Favorite Prescription has  Buccessfully treated more oases in tho past  60 years than any othor known remedy.  It can now be had in sugar-coated tablet  form as well as in the liquid. Sold by  medicine dealers or trial box by mail on  receipt of 60 cents in stamps. Dr.  Pierce, Invalids' Hotel, Buffalo, N. Y.  Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellete clear the  complexion..  A  Scriptural Wheeze  Young  minister    finds  himself    in  charge  of a  congregation  in    which  arc many ogling women.   In desperation he secures a transfer.'to.-another  field.    A few months later he meets  his successor.  "How arc you'getting along?"  "Splendidly 1"  "But the women. Aren't Ihcy a bit  -���������attentive?"  "Yes,Jnit I find safety in numbers."  "Egad, brother, I found safety    in  exodus."���������Chicago Tribune.  had reached his new land last May,  but it is understood that he will winter at Winter Harbor, on Melville  Island., The schooner Polar Bear,  one. of the vessels of the_ expedition,  was expected to reach this port this  summer and form a winter base  there. : - -  Kent Chipman, one' of the members  of the southern party who travelled  to Edmonton by the overland route,  instead of going to Nome with the  rest of his companions, has reached  Ottawa"andjs preparing his report to  the Geological, Survey Department.  Mr; Chipman, who was topograph er  with the expedition, travelled south  by way of the Mackenzie and Athabasca rivers.   - ;  Minard's Liniment Cures Dandruff.  High Cost of Living  The   Staff   of  Life   and   Its  Upward  Tendency These Days  The high price . of wheat conveys  an ominous significance to the housewife. A grocer predicted a few days  ago that before spring brands of  flour costing $6.50 a barrel formerly  will go to $9.00 or more. This will be  less than the record price of about  $10,000 for these grades last year. But  the advance will come closer home  to working people than . any other  present result of war.  In spite of present prosperity there  arc still large sections of our population for whom bread is the main article of subsistence. To great numbers of recent immigrants meat is almost a prohibited luxury. They may  pick up some remnants and bones  cheap, but only for use as an appetizer. Bread and soup are the menu.  A touch of omons or other pungent  vegetable may be used to give the  meal some twang.  A well-seasoned soup has a surprising effect to' give an otherwise dry  provender some flavor and makes a  meal seem more substantial than it  really is. With this added relish  many newcomers to this country will  gnaw along for days on their loaves  baked after the foreign manner.  Wheat bread, of course, is food of  the most substantial character. People of indoor life and finicky appetites would not cat enough of it for  full nourishment. The manual laborer, hungry from his fatiguing task,  puts it down with avidit}'. If he  came from the old country he may  have learned to eat it without butter.  The present high wheat prices will  again encourage the farmer to stuff  every possible acre with the staple  grain, and borrow money to pay his  help. But the wastes of trench life  arc great, the demand for wheat  flour is enormous, and the Canadian  workingman will pay high for his  loaf while the war lasts.  It has certainly been a great year  for the back-yard garden. The few  square rods put into potatoes will go  far to reduce the flour bill and provide a nourishing substitute.  Advice to Clergymen  Why don't clergymen who are unequal to composing good sermons  for themselves (and in the nature of  things there must be a good many  of them) occasionally read one of the  beautiful homilies provided for them  by the church? Or why don't they  frankly read someone else's sermon,  giving credit to the author, instead  of cribbing passages and spoiling  them in the conveyance? One wonders whether.the hack sermon-writer  exists .nowadays���������the man who, in  the eighteenth century and later  loaned" original sermons in manuscript for a trifling fee. It is on record that Coleridge, when he was  particularly hard up, raised the wind  in this way. How much would a sermon in Coleridge's handwriting fetch  at Sotheby's today?���������London Chronicle. ���������,  "Who is your, favorite composer,?14!  "Wagner,"   replied  Mr.  Cumrox.    .  "You must be a student of music!"  "No.    I mention-Wagner for    tho  sake   of   relieving  myself  of   conversational  strain.    If the  other     man  doesn't like Wagner, he won't want -  to hear me say'anothcr word."  "And if he does?" "   -  "He'll  want  to  do  all  the. talking  himself."���������Washington Star.  "Don't you think Miss Howler has.-]  wonderful control of her voice?"  "No, I don't. She sings every time  anyone asks her to."���������Boston Transcript.  ���������_���������-      ..   ���������-    . ' ' - s  Make the Liver  Doits Duty  Nine rimes in ten when the liver Is.right the  stomach and bowels are right.  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  gently but firmly compel a lazy liver to  do its duty  Cures Constipation,  Indigestion,  Sick  Headache, and Distress after Eating.  Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  upreme  A pure, unsweetened, cooking chocolate.    Easily  melted and mixed, containing that rich chocolate  flavor that can only be obtained from the finest,  and most expensive cocoa beans.    For years the  most satisfactory cooking chocolate in Canada.  Sold everywhere. Made in Canada.  A-17 [���IB
y
THE      G5ZETTE.     HEDLEY,     B..     C*
mm
TRAINING AND A GOOD PARTNER
WILL MAKE STRONG COMBINATION
���IFF  HELPS THE  SOLDIER-FARMER TO  SUCCEED
"he Government Is Making a Special  Monetary  Allowance  in
Stj-R Addition to the Pension, for the Maintenance of Both the Soldier
jf.})    And his Family, While he is Receiving Elementary Training
she
understand
She
what    it
\
[��:JP "What   makes   you   think  you  will
Succeed as  a farmer?"
|*|lj} The question was asked of a rcturn-
|.(fj:)d soldier who had expressed a very
fplftlrong desire to get on the land.
rlliS "My wife," he answered.
f-'tUt "]")0 yOU mean to say she persuaded
fori?"
"No, I didn't need any persuading.
Wut she wants to go  as much as  I
��� |f "Docs
li11rc:ins?"
Ife"ll��"si]C  ought.      She   "was  born and
Diight   up   on   a   farm;   she   is   not
���..aid of hard work; and she prefers
iiijp live in the country anyway."
ijj "For   the   children's   sake?"
,,j "We've got none, wrorsc luck.    No,
i jSJhc likes it better herself."
That  man's  battle  is  half won.
He   was   not   a   farm   boy   himself,
Imji'Jnd  he    docs  not imagine
gipttlc  experience  he possesses  is  cn-
*J'/luSn-    H-c  'ls  therefor  taking advan-
���fljj-ag of the     elementary training,     in
jjiiuch matters as gardening and poultry  raising,    already    started by  the
wklililary    Hospitals    Commission    at
rjlflf011"0  ��*-   lls   Convalescent  Hospitals;
in
Former   French   Minister   Loud
Praise of British System
Adolphc Brisson, formerly a
French minister, has returned to
Paris from a -visit to the British
front. He gives a very vivid and interesting description of how a great
army is administered in  the field.
Of > especial importance is I the
manner in which the British soldier
is cared for.
"We meet generals who ��� arc not
only warriors," said M. Brisso, "but
who are great administrators, trained
in India, Egypt, Africa, accustomed
to.plan the. details of a; campaign.
They spare neither expense nor trouble in establishing the base of a lcng-
that  the j thy military action.
"I admired their calm confidence in'
the sovereign power of Great Britain.
Always they made the same statement:       ���������������'    i.
" 'Wc English need time to understand.     We   did   not  know  war   like
j.Iji-ji.1'1.  01   us   v^-juv.ut.bi.'.iiL  iiusiJiuna, .this.    It had to be learned.    We are
||i|.nd   he   aims   at   taking  a   course   of | slow  in  starting,  but  wc    arc   there
How Britain Cares
For Her Soldiers
Bukowina Duchy a
Place But little Known
Sandwiched in Between Galicia  and
the Northwestern Frontier
of Rumania
When the present1 writer first visited Rumania a young American, whose
high-pitched accent lives in the
memory, greeted him oh board a Danube steamer with the question,
"Have you; ever heard of. a place called  the   Bukowina?" Writes   a   special
Small Grain Exhibits
The Influence for Better  Crops Resulting, from Fair Activities
The use of belter seed offers one
of the most effective methods for
Increasing the yield of farm crops.
The work of ���;sced improvement associations and individuals ���who carefully select their own seed, has resulted in the general use of belter
seed. Competition in producing and
displaying crop products of high
quality    at   agricultural    fairs  is   an
correspondent of the  London  Times, lothcr influence which should have an
fixlra  instruction  later  on  at  one   of(
he agricultural  schools. /
ffiS'I  As  announced  some  lime ago,  the
ItifcJJjovcrnmeut  makes special monetary
"lowanccs,    in addition    to the pen-
now, and nothing can slop us.'
"The greatest commendation is due
lo the sanitary service.    On principle
the   English     soldiers    do   not  want
barracks.    The fighter must live 'and
sion, for the maintenance of both the be    cared    for    under   a    tent.      He
atftoldicr-'and his family while he is be-'breathes belter;    cleanliness is easier
E|jjpnd bctler his position
English soldiers dcligl
I    "On 'their arrival the men    receive
...    A    trained    man,    and a wife both [thorough     aud vigorous  disinfection,
pjjtvcxpcricnccd and willing, make a team j They     arc     bathed     and     scrubbed,
IsVMhard to beat.
tffl?   It-is  very  interesting  to   sec   that
Iclothing  boiled     and  washed;     then
the     soldier   is   drpsscd   neatly  in:a
,'hitc shirt with  soft collar,  red lie,
I. , ��� _jc vest with white revers and olive
lk| There the Government decided, a few I trousers,
yjjffmonths ago, to  start,  by way of ex-1    "He is then taken to a paradise, a
fjfjS.pcriment,  three  pioneer    land colon-! garden   in   which   are  scattered     the
*,$fies    of    cx-soldicrs���or    rather  ("ex-; sleeping*   lents,   dining  tents;   for  his
for even the man now'recreation he finds tennis courts amid
llljhi'ihis  fact  has been recognized in     a'wh
|f|j$most     practical     way    in     England, blu
��ik5. There  the  Government-  elrrirlrd   a   fpw If rn
Kii service men,
�����M ploughing,   the    sea    will" have    his powers,    and benches    to rcsl upon
K'*��it chance
Jl.    The 1
For his  comfort even'a dentist;  yes,
even a  chiropodist!    And  the menu!
of   ploughing  the   soil.
President of the Board* of Ag
riculturc has just announced  that  in'the attentions,  the cheer!
jijl" selecting  settlers    for  these  colonics 1    " 'We mean,' said a general to me,
JjJf.j "preference will be given, as between! on  seeing my     amazement,  'that_ on j
''V\ men of equal merit and qualifications, .returning to lire trenches our soldiers I
��fijf to those whose wives or sisters or'may be able to say to his comrades: I the Orthodox Church, and
'h] daughters have acquired proficiency "If you arc ill or wounded, you will
%K in milking or other farm operations, be mighty well off in the hospital" '
���i>' as the result of their employment on ������ "Be it noted here, loo, that nurses
M- the land cither" before" or "during" the | and soldiers In the service of ambu-
M wa,r." | lances  and hospitals arc in  comforl-
m\     As a matter of fact, women in  the able quarters,    well    fed    and    paid.
fl Old  Country have taken a large and ['They work, they must be cared for,'
im cvcn  extraordinary share in working]is  the slogan.
\j$ the farms, which the war has depriv-!    "It is  a  fact that  the  Englishman
ifij ed of  so  many  of their usual labor- jdoes his best when he is well looked
crs..   -Women     of every social  rank after.     Give  him his  roast beef and
have volunteered to do this, and have i he will fight well."
f,-f      lUlYU    VU1UULV.1.1I,U    LU   UU    LlUi,    411U   UdVC
(jg.  kept  their pledge,  though  many     of
J!,�� them were not only quite unaccustomed to manual labor, but free from
any necessity to work at all.
Canadian women, the vast majority
of them, have never been in that position. . Work has always been familiar to them, and a very large number  even     of the town-dwellers  am-
n
tt
���<v
W
m
k
|Cleaning Grain at Threshing Time a
Go.pd Practice
In      a      bulletin      entitled   "Grain
[Screenings" issued    by the Dominion
ong them were brought up on farms.lPep*rtrcn,t ��* Apiculture, it;is cs-
���     -      ��� *->- - *.Unrated    that    the    loss    entailed in
Grain Screenings
As-it. happened,- he had, and this
piece of knowledge much impressed
the American traveller, who assured
him that_ in the States nobody had
heard of it at all. The traveller, however, had been studying European
politics and selecting his routes in a
far-sighted manner witha view to becoming an authority not upon past
but upon future history. Someone in
Paris had told him about the Bukowina. He was now on his way to it,
arid he formulated :.his,' reasons in
words of this kind: "Some day the
Emperor Francis Joseph is going lo
die, and'the Austrian Empire is going
to break up. Then I guess there is
going to. be trouble in tlie Bukowina,
for they tell nic that the people who
live in it arc Rumanians..' So there
will be a regular war and Rumania
is pretty sure to try lo get it for herself. When that day comes, it will be
very interesting to say I have been
there, so I am going up lo have a look
at It  now."
Perhaps he was right in attributing
ignorance of this mysterious Duchy
to his own countrymen, and possibly
also the knowledge of its whereabouts was not more generally diffused amongst ourselves. The child
who, when told the other day tliat it
was a great thing to be making history, retorted thai it seemed lo her
that il was geography wc were making, and that she did not sec the
point of learning any more till the
war was over and things were a bit
settled, had a strong case. ,
Nevertheless, though geography is
in the melting-pot,"������'most of us have
been learning a good deal of it since]
the war began, and many must have
had their first introduction lo the
Bukowina. Il is a Duchy and Crown
land of Austria and is .sandwiched in
between the Province of Galicia and
the north western frontier of Rumania. Bukowina means the country of lhe beech- trees, and a great
portion' of it is forest clad, for it
lies amongst the southern spurs _of
the woody Carpathians. Czcrnowilz,
its capital, has about 70,000' inhabitants, and the population of the Duchy
is some three-quarters of a ��� million.
Of these about 40 per cent, arc Rulh-
encs, and nearly another 40 per cent,
arc Rumanians, the balance being
made up of the usual Balko-Hungar-
ian mixture ��� Magj-ars, Germans,
j Poles, Jews and gypsies. The Rulh-
cn.es and the Rumanians    belong - to
therefore
the vast majority of the inhabitants
hold with Rumania and with Russia
in the matter of religion.
The Rumanian peoples in the Bukr
owina and in Transylvania are not as
might be supposed, settlers who have
overflowed across the Rumanian
frontier. They have their roots deep
in history. Rumania herself is a
geographical anomaly,'and. it is very
curious to find a Latin enclave in
Eastern Europe surrounded on all
s-des by Slavs and Hungarians���for
not only do Rumanians speak a Latin
tongue closely resembling Italian, but
in spite of all admixture with Slavs
and Turks and Phanariotc Greeks,
they, retain'to. this' day strong signs
of their Italian blood. Rumania is the
modern descendant of Trajan's Roman Colony in Dacia, and the explanation of the Rumanians in the Bukowina and Translyvania lies in. the
fact that Trajan's province included
both   these    districts    and was much
increasing-benefit on the quality-'of
seed planted. The influence for better crops ��� resulting from fair activities."would ��� be greater if more persons exhibited their products and if
greater care would be taken in the
selection and preparation of exhibits.
A creditable exhibit of field crops
should contain products which arc
typical of the district they represent.
The crops comprising an, exhibit
should be harvested when in prime
condition and should be of superior
quality and worth. They also should /
be properly and tastefully arranged
when placed on exhibit.
Professor Js. G. Schafcr, of the
Washington Experiment Station, at
Pullman, gives the following directions for the preparation of seed and
sheaf   exhibits.
Seed grain, wheat, oats and bar-
Icy. Grain prepared for exhibit should
GERMANY A FAILURE ALONG THE
AVENUES OF REAL WORLD SERVIC!
WHAT IS RESULT OF BOASTED GERMAN EFFICIENCY
In the Face of Her Gross Underestimation of Brave Little Belgium*.
And of the Moral and Physical Resources of France, Great
Britain, and Allies, Can Germany Be Called Efficient?
__ o 	
Domestic Gas From Straw
Simple Plant to  Use Up  the Straw
Pile and Supply Fuel and
Light
The day of applying a match to the
straw stack after threshing is over
and thereby burning''' up 'a whole
year's ,fuel is now passed, and from
now on the farmer is likely to pay
as much attention to the safeguarding of his straw as he docs to his
cattle and crops. From the straw
stack, which . has. hitherto gone up in
smoke, gas can now be extracted, and
by such a simple process-that every
farmer can cook, heat his house,
light his residence', and run his engines   from  his   own   little  gas   plant
be true to variety name . It should !"ShJ at lli? very back door, using the
be harvested when it is mature but piich-dcspiscd slraw pile as a means
not over ripe.    It should be threshed't0 Uns elKl-
as    early    as    possible after harvest.
Rain and other conditions of weather
may     cause     discoloration.     Usually
grain should be rcclcancd    in    order
that  all   chaff     and  foreign     mailer,.       - . .    ,        ,. ,       ,        r    ,
mav be removed.    Il should also be\inB spirit, has discovered and perfect
graded io remove very large and un-|ed a  sma11  ��as  works wh-ich w1.1  l.n
dcrsized kernals.    Unless the rules of i.c
the  fair  specify  otherwise,  the  sani
The Dominion By-Product and Research Society, of Moose Jaw, of
whicli" George Harrison, M.E., general manager of the Saskatchewan
Bridge and Iron Works, is the lcad-
ples should consist of one'peck.
Sheaf grain, wheal, oats and barley
should be harvested for sheaf exhibits as soon as the crop is mature and before it is -thoroughly1 dry.
Better exhibits will result if the
grain   is
the roots until dry. AI the time of
preparing the exhibits the roots
should be cut off and only those
stalks which have full length of straw
and well developed heads should be
used.    The grain should be bound in
near future be manufactured in
the city and installed on practically
every quarter section throughout the
country.
Mr. Harrison, the patentee, has obtained patent rights 'in Canada, the
United States, Russia and the Argentine  Republic.      Tn  an   interview   rc-
pullcd   and 'suspended      by:cc"Lly he said that no farmer will be
without his own gas plant in the near
future.
The exceedingly simple way in
which the gas is- produced guarantees
the truth of this statement. One bale
���      - -        of straw, wheat, oats, barley or flax,
sheavesVbouf Your hichcsTn diameter Is P,llt. hUo a ^:"\on retort. The
and lied in two places. A tape !hc-ac, 1S screwed lightly down and .a
should be used iu tying the sheaves s,ma-}. Pflion of straw is ignited in
as it is less likely lo injure or break ;l,hc "rcb��x underneath. I his pro-
thc straw than siring. Black or white!duces the gas, which in turn passes
tape is lo be preferred and fancy rib- iout ��f Jj1"5, rct��i't lb-rough another
lion should never be used in tying the sma11  cylinder, of water  in  which. _ it
sheaves.    If  the  leaves  arc  removed iIS       . .
from the stems the exhibit will have ^'^ llUo  tlic
a neater appearance.
washed*;'and from there finds its
gasometer. This one
bale of straw will produce enough
high grade gas to do all the cooking, heating and lighting of a s'even-
rooincd house, and it is a safe conclusion that from now, on, instead of
burning his straw stack as he has
hitherto done, the farmer will,
through the efforts of the Research
Society, conserve his straw and make
of being the  only army engaged    in^iis own gas, thus dispensing with the
Boys In The War
Persistent' Italian  Boy Who  Became
a Real Corporal
The Italian''arniy.has the distinction
the war that has a corporal in its
ranks who is almost a baby in age,
MaVgutti, the lad in question, is b'ut
13 years old and lived at Gaglian bc-
greatcst care is taken to choose the
occupation best-suited to each man's
ability.   But,' unquestionably,   agricul-
'qualified  to  undertake  it.
Many ot. our returned soldiers, there- :shi pin    wcstcrn- grain unclcaned am
fore, who think of going "back:to the :      ?��   | considerably more than half
land" will have a great advantage in '" mili;nn. hilars     The. followim? ac--
the"c-cDcricnce of their wive<- ad wdl       million dollars,     ine louowing. at.   |iargC1-     lu .cN.i.e-u   man     mc   wuuui
���xl    fn the    fecialI    rraini^    nffirrJ count of'an experiment by a western |kingdom of Rumania.    But apart iron
them sPcclal    training    offered ;grower should be of valuc in conncc-|lllisD ancient tie,  Rumanians set  up z
Soccial trainine is ffiven   of course !lion with thc Problcn'l of eliminating !raorc modern claim to the'Bukowina
especial training   s given, ot course, tJ     wastc ���   due  to    thc  shipment  of.
for-.a variety oiothen industries.. The; grain sub;cct t0 a dockagc 0,r account
of screenings.
A monitor cleaner and a five horse-
. ���     ..  ������������������- .-     -���,-..   j    .      power    engine    were purchased    and
turc  - is the great    national industry both-moUntcd on an extra strong wa-
and needs the energies of every inanl?on gcar>    A   15.foot  ordinary bgrain
elevator was attached to the elevator
. .wagon or bin.    Another box received
To Advertise Butter tric screenings   (mostly broken     and
Thc National Dairy Council, ac-|shrunken grain). The cost of the en-
cording to'reports sent out by the,tire outfit, including the operation,
secretary, is planning to follow the!repairs and interest on capital was
example of thc orange and raisin $195. The grower calculates that he
growers, and put dn an advertising saved on his 80,000 bushel crop 1,600
campaign to cover three years, spend-,bushels of broken and shrunken
" wheat  worth  $960,   freight  on  which
ing at the rate of $20,000 a month.
This money will be used in advertising the valuc and the healthfulncss
'of milk, buttermilk, cheese and ice
���cream. Thc advertisements will be
carried in the leading magazines and
daily papers. It is an ambitious programme, but not at all impracticable
if the dairy interests arc willing to
pay the bills. If thc advertising is
well done, it will be profitable to thc
clairymcn of the country. It will increase the consumption of. dairy
products permanently; and if thc supply can be increased to take care of
the demand without too much of an
advance in prices, thc results will be
pa lis factory.���Wallace's  Farmer.
Captain Koenig's "Sacrifices"
If Captain Kocnig, of the Deutsch-
land, had remained in Baltimore he
might have made a nice little pile.
He was offered, for example, $3,000
a night by a show if he would appear on the stage. He was offered
$50,000 by a journalist for liberty lo
accompauv him in his voyage across
the Atlantic. He was offered $50,000
to hand over some secret connccte'd
with his submarine. He was invited
to marry a lady who would have
given him a handsome reward for his
name. All of which Captain Kocnig
declined. But it is reported, that
when peace is proclaimed he will return to the United States. He sees
more money there.
High: There's Fred Scads, over
there. He made a million In the
Street last year,
Lowe:  Honestly?
High: I don't know, but he made
It.
to the terminal elevator Would have
cost $220, and haulage to the local
elevator $64. He thus had a profit
of $49. The outfit paid for itself in
one year, and he says is as good as
when it started. This experiment, it
is argued, proves that cleaning thc
grain on a large farm before hauling
is practicable and advisable. The
really practicable way for thc whole
country generally would be that thc
threshing outfits should include a
grain cleaning attachment, as many
of them now do on a sheaf loading
machine.
Any ordinary threshing machine if
fitted with proper screens and carefully operated is capable of removing
many of the smaller weed seeds that
now constitute a considerable percentage of elevator screenings.
"I wasn't always like this, lady,"
said thc wayfarer at thc back door.
'"There was a time when I had everything money can buy."
"You poor man! How did you
conic  to  this?"    "
"I'll tell you, lady. Me wife used
to keep me on the go all the time.
One week it would be Newport and
thc next it would be Palm Beach or
the Adirondacks or else Europe, ac-
cordin' to where thc society folks
happened to be goin'. Wc spent all
our money that way, and when it was
all gone I was so used to travcllin'
that I just naturally couldn't stop. I
took to trampin.'"
Fiance: And will  Bobby be  sorry
when I marry his sister?
Bobby:  Yes,  I  will, 'cause  I  like
[you.���Boston Transcript.
For the kingdom of Rumania was
created in the nineteenth century
from the union of the two provinces
of Moldavia and Wallachia, which
was formerly Turkish. The Bukowina
was once a part of. Moldavia and indeed, Suczava in thc Bukowina was
once thc Moldavian capital. When
Catherine II. declared war upon Turkey the Russians occupied thc Bukowina in 1769, but they restored it to
the Turks when peace was made in
1774. Austria had been much perturbed by this occupation and made
great show of her anxiety for its restitution to Turkey. But this friendliness was by no means disinterested,
for she promptly set up an intrigue
to secure it for herself, and m 17/7
the Porte redeemed it to her. Since
then it has remained in Austrian
hands.
Translyvania has been held under
thc Hungarian heel for nearly a thousand years. Once for a few brief years
Michael thc Brave, King of Walla
chia, added it to his tcrr
chacl  obtained his  independent King
'paying for and hauling of coal in the
winter month's.
Mr. ��� Harrison   and  his      associates
__ _, _   __  _  .. _ .have had  Dr.  Andrews,  of  the well-
fore becoming a full-fledged soldier, j known firm of Andrews and Cruick-
and through his acquaintance 'with j shanks, analytical chemists, employed
two army chauffeurs became familiar '������ for a long time and all the problems
with thc fighting forces of his coun- in connection with the small gas
try. One day lie rode out to the works and gases extracted from thc
trenches on thc army trucks after,' straw have been scientifically worked
some argument, and was affectionate- j out   by   thenv tn   lheir_ laboratory  at
ly received by thc soldiers who pro
motcd him to corporal on the spot.
Proud of his newly gained distinc
Government Building, Regina, and for
sometime  past  a  miniature gas   re
tort, has  been  burning and most  as
tio��v Margutti soon'secured "a uniform [tonishing results have been obtained
and sewed his corporal bars on himself. He spent some time in the
trenches < and took active part in the
fighting, proving himself remarkably
courageous before the onslaughts of
the Austrian hordes. ���
The   captain  of  Margutti's  division
came along to inspect thc troops one
According to the report of Dr. An
drews, five ounces of straw has produced sufficient gas to enable a 40-
candlc power mantle to burn six
hours with a very -white and highly
illuminating flame.
The    gasscs    extracted    from    the
straw cannot  only be used for heat-
morning and was much impressed by!1"^ ligUting and cooking, but can
thc business-looking lad who stood!a!so bc "hh,-;cd J01" <J������� Sas cn"
crect, oil guard, his rifle at his shoul- ffines . and all other farm machinery,
dc"r. Upon being asked what he was and with the high soaring price for
doing, the boy answered: "I am fight- *=as al?dJIghtc t'��s_wekQnie discovery
ing, ��r��   "What class do you belong fhould  bc   of ,vas^  I"tcr��st  tp.^ery
---   -       - -   -   -'farmer  throughout  the  Dominion   of
to?" inquired . thc captain. "Third
elementary class, sir," came the reply, "but I have been promoted corporal." ' .
Thc officer could not refrain from
laughing at this answer and took thc
brave youngster in his arms, kissing
him affectionately. Thc child was
sent back home, but he did not remain there long as the officer had
promised to use his influence to get
him back in the trenches, and he did.
Margutti is now fighting with thc regular army, and is a real corporal.
The Wall of Triple Steel
Had it not been for "the impregnable wall of triple steel," the war
would have been over before this.
Germany would have triumphed; hu-
milaiting terms of peace would have
been signed. Wc and thc dominions,
and indeed, our allies and thc ncu-
niuch to British sea-
Canada.���Moose Jaw Times.
Salt For Live Stock
Feeding Too Freely Is Injurious to
Animals
Samples of salt arc occasionally
sent to experimental stations by farmers for analysis, with thc statement
that animals, usually cattle or sheep,
were poisoned after- eating it in considerable quantities. In no case has
any foreign substance that would
account for the poisoning been
found.
Since salt is necessary to life and
is in universal use, it is difficult to
realize that in large amounts it
is poisonous. Many cases of poisoning in chickens have been reported,
and occasionally in larger animals. In
one instance salt was by mistake used
instead   of   sugar  in   making  a   cake.
."'    1v"t','-  'tral world, owe much to Brk.o.i ^��.->--- -   --   -  ^   . n ." ���i '���i..n.
rriIl07-,.Ml-i power.    Whatever may bc Germany's |Thc cake was  given to  lire chickens
nclcnt.kln8'- naval policy now ''*���** rl-""''      '
dom by a wholesale bribery and cor- V,v.._?',_    .,.
ruption of the Turks, which involved I     ;
that''Grand Admiral land killed alfof them. Chickens arc
Tirpitz, thc chief pirate, has jvcry susceptible to salt poisomng and
the  debt  of  the  civilized  pco-iwlulc the amount that it takes to kill
ccrs   and  men  who   serve  under   thc : sometimes occurs when these animals
White Ensign will not bc lessened as [are ���especially salt hungry,
the  months    pass  which   separate us
from  our inevitable victory'.���Editorial in London Telegraph.
When animals have not had access
to salt for a long time, it is safer to
give it to them sparingly at first.
may , . ,
day, for Rumania regards him as thc
creator of her national unity and perhaps her greatest national hero.
Smart
Kindly Gent: Aren't you afraid of
catching cold on a night like this,
mv lad?
Paper Boy: No, sir, I'm all right.
Selling papers keeps up thc circulation.
A Sign of the Times
The most convincing evidence of
an approaching German debacle, however, is furnished by the outgivings
of the Germans themselves. They
would not bc breathing sound aud
fury if they were so sure of the outcome as they profess to bc. Their
altitude is too theatrical to bc convincing. It is a revelation, not of
confidence, but of discouragement.���
Philadelphia Ledger.
him "in apparently    hopeless financial j gfysCiii"iToth"TrcmispYicrcV\"o The offi- '.a. horse  or cow is  considerable,.Jthis
embarrassment.       But     Michael was i ��� ��� ���  i
not called brave for nothing. _ He
summoned a creditors' meeting in
his palace and then having shut the
doors lie burnt it to the ground,
making a clean sweep of Turks, Jews,
account books, and all. Thereafter he
invaded Hungary and conquered
Transylvania, but when thc peasantry
revolted against their Hungarian
landlords he was foolish enough to
side with the latter. Thus he lost
the sympathy of his new . subjects
who were his only remaining kinsmen, and swiftly lost his conquest.
Michael  was  assassinated in     1601
after a brief reign of eight years. 1 on
sec  his statue  in  Bucharest to-
A Simple Declaration
"What arc your views on thc tariff?"
"I'm for protection of everything
that my constituents manufacture for
sale," replied Senator Sorghum. "And
I favor free trade for everything that
they arc compelled to buy for cash."
���Washington Star.
British Soldiers as Farm Hands
In Cheshire, England, over one
thousand soldiers arc engaged as
farm helps gathering in thc harvest.
On one large estate over fifty soldiers are thus employed. It is reported that, as a sequel to_ thc discipline and vigor of training, the
men swung to the work as if it were
play. In four days they had completed work that usually takes six
days. A feature of' their service to
thc Crown is that at short intervals
they keep up certain drill and' study
of instructions in tactics ��� that is
where there arc more than twelve
men at work within a given area.
Just for Fun
"Is she pretty?"
"I should say so. She's even good
to look at when she's eating corn on
thc cob."���-Detroit Free Press.
No nation can long bc called clfr-
cient which fails to advance the general life of humanity. As thc war
drags on, with its ever-increasing:
wake of ruin and , irreparable lossr
Germany is fast losing her "place im
thc sun," and. stands as the '."honibl'c.
example" of utter failure along the.
avenues .,of real''.world 'service." That
she is powerful no one can deny; but
that her strength is of the eternal
type is daily becoming more doubtful.
In a sense she has been deficient, but
for fundamentally wrong purposes;
and unless the unexpected happens,
she is bound to undermine her own;
foundations and find herself, less respected and both morally and physi-%
cally weaker than before the conquest of Alsace-Lorraine.
Thc war has progressed sufficiently
far for one to turn the light of truth
on   German  efficiency in  the     actual
field of battle.  Where is her boasted "
superiority?    Most  people   think  she
has done surprisingly well as a'fighting  unit.    The  facts  warrant an' en-''
Itircly different  conclusion. ' Boasting'
of    a    marvellous secret service, and
apparently prepared for a world war,
she   can   never  be   called   efficient   in
thc face of her gross underestimation^
of  brave  little  Belgium.    Apparently
expecting a triumphal march through
Belgium and a speedy attack in force,
at thc most vulnerable spot in France,
this  great  "machine"  was  held  up  a '
full month by the despised Belgians,
giving _ France and  her allies  an  opportunity    to marshal    their strength
and prepare for "the conflict.      Had
Germany,      foreseen      the    immense,
strength    of    thc     Belgian    national
spirit,  it is almost     certain  that she
would not have struck when she did.
Surely     such     short-sightedness  can
never be called "efficiency." ���
What was Germany doing when
she failed to understand the tremendous moral and physical resources of
the French nation? Living near
neighbor to France for centuries, besides having innumerable spies
throughout her enemy's territory,'
Germany apparently only 'counted
fortifications and noses. Her philosophy was a wild confidence in 'steel
and liquid fire, and she clearly disparaged thc greatest'military asset of
thc world���lhe morale of any people.
No doubt German military leaders
expected _ a short, sharp conflict, and
then a victorious peace. Behind her
siege guns she fired shot and shell
into the invisible, indefinable and indestructible soul of France, and wondered that the war lasted so long! She
had left this major war out of her
calculations and then attempted the
conquest of soul with Krupp guns
and poisonous gas.
Think of Germany's blindness with -
regard  to     England.    Great" -Britain1
had been the butt of German >��� jokes
for forty years. According to Prussia
she was slow and notoriously    lacking in     dash     and     enterprise.    But
slowly    awakening out of her    lethargy, she now holds with bulldog tenacity one hundred and fifty miles: of
French    trenches,    and  is     growing
stronger every day.      Her    colonies,
contrary to the "German calculations,
are absolutely loyal  to  her,  and  although    revolt was actually    allowed
to break out in Ireland the Nationalists, to the chagrin of Germany, with
no uncertain sound, have stood firmly and   fought  bravely  against   Britain's foes.       Germany failed    to understand the temper of England.'The
two   countries  are     entirely different
in  spirit,     and     Prussia     apparently
looked only on thc materialistic side
of  Biitain's     defences,  and  failed   to
estimate the wonderful loyalty which
prevailed     throughout     the     British
Empire.���New York Outlook.
$2,708.56 for a Car of Wheat
Railway companies of recent years
have increased the capacity of grain
cars considerably.. This along with
high prices that have prevailed at
times since the outbreak of the
European war has madc.it possible
to net large sums on individual car
shipments.
A very few years ago a remittance
of $1,000 would look big to any shipper. This year checks of over twice
that amout arc comparatively common. However, thc highest return on
a single car yet recorded was made ���
by thc Grain Growers' Grain Co.,
Ltd., of Winnipeg, on August 30,
when a car from Travcrs, Alta., carrying 1,920 bushels 10 lbs., graded
No. 1 Northern, with no dockage,
and sold at $1.56. Thc check issued by thc Grain Growers' Grain Co.
in settlement was $2,708.'-56. There
is little doubt but that this is thc largest sum that has been paid in the
history of thc Canadian West for
any single shipment sold through the
regular market channels.
Home-made Barometer
A barometer that will indicate
weather changes with reasonable accuracy may be made of two bottles.
A milk bottle nearly filled with water is used as the "container and a ;
smaller bottle fitting snugly into the
top is inverted in the mouth of the
milk bottle. The mouth of the inverted bottle should extend about an
inch below the surface of the water.
Weather changes will cause the water to rise and fall in the neck of the
inverted bottle.
you?"
"Am    I good    enough  for
sighed the fond lover.
"No," said the girl, candidly,
"you're not, but you are too good
for any other girl.���New York Times.
The Fond Mother (to adventurous;
offspring): Come away from the cMff.
will yerl    Do yer want to dash yefS
lsclf to pieces in yer best suit?
J- THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  mm.  W-������t  m\  SsSft^  1 *���������������.���������    f  '>  -W  Kfc  <3 3?ampfao&& ^sfts4  k&-  m^i  'M&/\>  *#  a*  v:-^'  ;*&.*:  /.���������" '-. '"���������"���������"���������"'''icii  f / v >;   :'   ������������������*������������;���������'���������  -V  '���������'���������''���������-���������"u'"L  . --'FS P  $  :rs?7?s?<? 7?<?s f������<? G?p<? ofl/ZoIe  &&r  / ' <. .-. '���������'1.v",-JJi'i!i*\  *.        '���������->-,.ri -, --v-i*1  ���������i-w  iSL* "���������-'���������:.- t-'-A ,   ... '-*.  :������������;  ^���������'Vs3t*v3  ���������"���������*..  5f%vt^V  fJ*������fcefi  ���������xa  ���������1*3  *-.  " -aces-" {*���������  -IS  1  -^j  \  ���������t.*,r'  T*/^������  ������^^-<?!'  6s'  ^  ^f >  ,,*���������  IT SHOULD be borne in mind that the many beautiful fur combinations which you have been seeing in the shop displays are  not intended for winter furs, but are supposed to be put on  almost immediately for the first cool days to give an air of elegance  to the street frock of serge or silk, and to add, perhaps, a trifle of-  warmth.   The main idea, of course, is not warmth but smartness.  There is no doubt about it that fur gives that required touch of  sumptuousness that the most elaborate frock will otherwise lack.  Women have come to realize the style value of furs so deeply that  they have even stood them for the heat of summer because of their  picturesque effect with summer gowns. The summer furs were  rather different than those now shown, inasmuch as they made  liberal use of chiffon and silk to lighten their weight.  It is a noticeable fact that these new furs are mostly combinations of short-haired pelts. Where the thicker furs are used they  are mostly for trimming, as witness the deep sailor collar of tailed  ermine with its fluffy border of white fox. This would raise any  plain gown to the degree of elegance.  A rather prim collar of sealskin with two points in back to  match those in front is designed especially to fit over the collar of  a plain street dress. It sets so snugly that it might almost be made  into the frock itself like a yoke. The high rolling collar is lined with  unmarked ermine.  Another noteworthy feature of the first fall furs is the combination of different varieties of skins. Ermine and mole are an  especially happy combination.    In the short shoulder cape with a  , t    ���������       ������������������"���������������������������������     j ww      n^^^nj      *���������-*���������uwv.itn.'w      Willi      LliW     11UJJ.1V*  is the winter dress of the small animals which go to make np that  valuable fur. In the straight shoulder wrap which you see held In  front by a single jet button, the summer ermine is used. It is  marked with grayish-brownish markings, and the skins are cleverly  arranged to make stripes.  A long moleskin stole shows possibilities of graceful draping  in the last picture. It has a small round muff to match. This is  one of the fur pieces which' may be retained for wear with the  wh-<-.er suit;,  Hi  2dx mcf I^mme Sdffof  'Mi aBHaniiBi^p������������nw^WK^^  agjgp^rBMyffijfrjgigS^'*^^  ���������Btotewiifeim^!^^  THE-     GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  The Wireless  Telegraph  No  Be  Distance    But    What    Can  Reached By the Wireless  ���������Telegraph  Records show that there are 7,000  ({patents on file in the patent office  i covering wireless telegraphy and telc-  ioho-.*-.  I    X\ irelcss transmission of signals to  -$ *!',' and   from   distant  points  was  in   use  i1!!; long  before  thc     electric     telegraph  j.vas given to thc world by Professor  A* Morse.    Thc  semaphore  was  invent-  l������(.!;d by    a  Frenchman  named  Chappe  Jo ward the close of the 18th century  ind was used to advantage in convey-  nessagcs for hundreds of miles by J  [ncans of relay stations, and expert  fperators could transmit three or  Jour words a minute by this method.  tit. was not, however, until the year  ���������i395 that Marconi found he could  fcfelcgraph without wires by Hcrlian  j/aves a distance of one mile.   After  To The Ordinary Man  By a Wounded Irish Officer, in the  "Observer," London  (The following article was written  by a wounded Irish officer, just arrived in this country, in reply to a request for "real pictures of the fighting.")  "Let me tell you, sir, as one not  wholly devoid of practical literary experience, that what you are looking  for is simply not to bc had. The Expencnce  business of this Push���������or any other  phase of the waT, for that matter���������  is too big for letters. Bedad, it is  too big for literature itself. You  won't get it oh paper.    You  can get  side the brazier, which lay on its side,  j upset, . no   doubt,   when     the   shells  'came; indeed, it was half-buried. But  told me the bacon had been sav  ed, and, in some queer way, the tea.  So   he    had had     's  whack    and   's, as well as his own; and as he  rolled his cigarette in the scrap of a  Sunday newspaper he was humming  'Keep thc Home Fires Burning.'"  Hotel Accommodation  ^hat revelation, further experiments  jjpcveloped that the height of the an-  ibnna, or aerial wires, and the amount  If electrical energy used, largely de-  i^rmined the distance that signals  -Duld be" transmitted.  ;. The Lockawanna Railroad' Corn-  any first made experiments with the  /ireless telegraph and telephone in  '909, but thc apparatus at that lime  yas not sufficiently developed to be  .Mf practical use. During the early  ayarl of 1913 towers were erected and  js\inreless stations installed at Scran-  >!ori'n and^Binghamton, and it was  abound that the service .between these  . i woints was equally as satisfactory as  J L'Sjhe Morse_ telegraph and could be  'M ,/eliecT' upon when the telegraph and  \ i Telephone service was impaired.  I iv We can communicate from a mpv-  -\VVig train to a fixed station a dis-  *iance of 130 miles; owing to the low  rowed a handkerchief lo blow his  blessed nose with, in the middle of  one of the bloodiest little shows that  ever was.  "'Got a handkerchief to spare,', he  said, in a casual sort of way. 'I used  mine tying up a feller's arm back  there.' I gave him my handkerchief,  and he blew his nose comfortably,  and shoved the rag in his breeches  pocket. 'That's better,' says he, and'  hurried  on  with  the advance.  "He was with the rear company of  his battalion, and the way he managed to get in and out among his  men, cheering them on, was wonderful.  "He was ralher badly wounded later on in hand-lo-hand fighting with  four Bodies who had cornered two  of his men in their second line. But  he's all right, I think. Men were  dropping all around in that advance.  It was an extraordinarily bloody business, and had been for thirty hours  ���������    - ��������� ���������.,  and more before that.  receive  messages   on ,    ���������You can no_morc hope to gct thc  .a^no:"������f"?nnw;Vii^.      n������Slii i������?��������� iif^ Push described for folk who haven't  ^ Vance or <sUU miles.     Un the train tlie , . .. ,, , _,_��������� .     ������������������. ,._  J| Serial  or antenna is formed  of pnos- bec������ ott tha" y������u can,ho������������ lo Set lJle  f.hor bronze    wire arranged    in four ^F1*1 described,    or   human life   ex-  ectangles,   one  on  thc  i?oof  of  each 'plained, on a postcard     lie pen may  Prjves    That the Hotel  Will Pay Without the Bar  One of the benefits wc may expect  from   prohibition   of   thc  liquor   traf-  .   . fie will bc improved hotel accommo-  little bits; yes, and much good they dation, and it cannot come any too  will do you. Almost any one bit soon. Commercial .travellers tell  written is calculated to mislead the,strange talcs of many hotels in li-  innoccnt. Why? Because, taken by [censed towns, but they arc high in  itself, it is essentially untrue. It's;their praises of most of thc hotels  only true when seen as it is seen in jn local option towns. One who has  reality; one chip in a mosaic. Looked i travelled over thc same district for  at all on its lonesome, it is essentially false.  "Why, if you'll     believe me,    thc  Colonel of the battalion next ours bor-  23   years   tells   me   of   the   great   im  proveinent     he   observed     in   hotels  wherever local  option  came, and  the  most thorough investigation confirms .       ,      . -    , , ,..  , .  these    statements.        He    says    that mA,hA.kno,WS- ih_c, waTyTs. 0.Mh.lnk,n.g  Teutonic Opinion Weakens  German Editor Claims People Don't  Know What War Is For  . The London Times says that Fried-  rich Naumann publishes in the current number of his weekly paper, Die  Hilfe, an extraordinary article' on the  weakening of German popular opinion about the war, and need of counteracting the present tendency. Herr  Naumann writes that today "there  are people enough who no longer  rightly know why we are still fighting."  Thc necessity of what is happening  is questioned, he says, and thc longing that this abnormal state of things  may cease "dims the eyes to the inevitable character of events. To this  is then added the old and eternal mistrust of thc small for the great, and  il is said: "Those.people at the top  need the war and that is why we have  to  endure it."  "I was visited lately by a soldier  who late in thc war was taken up by  the Landsturm. I know him well,  and I know by the nature of his call-  of,the simple people.   He said to me  'It  must  bc  explained  to   the  people  quile simply    and intelligently    why  have   to   close  when  prohibition'l,hcy  f?   Sti"  fighting'   bcCaUSC   thcy  -       -     do not know,  charges   arc  a   little   higher    in   bar-  less hotels, but it is worth the money.  When a hotel-keeper says  that he  will   '    P '.  Init a greater distance from the train,  ntenna  on   thc     passenger   cars   we  avc' not  as  yet been  able  to  trans-  tjhe  train  from  Kpf the  four  foi ward  cars lengthwise,  IJjjvith an additional wire lengthwise,  ajind all parallel with the top of the  -Var  be ever so mighty, but, believe me, it  has its limitations,  "What's the Push'like? It's like  each rectangle being carried on [everything that ever was, as well It's  Porcelain insulators at the corners a11 ,thc struggles of life crowded into  Jmd 'centre of 'each car, with wirc,a������ 10\*r: ll s an assertion of the bed-  links connecting between the cars. reck decency, and goodness of. our  Wihc wires clear the top of the cars People; and I wouldn't have missed  iiUout IS inches, being low. on ac- ? ,foran Ulfef S������ld .������}. L������nd������" t0.W"'  Jfjount of bridges and overhead inter-if. donll wan* .to be killed; not a little  Eficrcnces; therefore the radiating M- B������t, bless you one simp y-can t  Flower is limited. The lead 'l taken be bothercd giving i a thought. The  V&from the middle of thc train antenna '.killing.of odd individuals such as me  Ofehrough  the side of the car near the |1S s������ u������y a 1"aU(el"' r i c 1  EpfOoMnto a compartment two by four I.     My God, it s the future of human  iMjcct,' which  contains  thc wireless tel-  it'iSgraph apparalus and the operator.  ffifj The  wireless   telegraph   can  bc  dc-  :j!$cnded on between fixed stations and  Kttbctwccn moving trains and fixed sta-  [l^tipns. , There  are many uses  Sjtjpperator-wirelcss,-:'.telegraph.'"  for the  -     --r~     ----,-,-_.,-.- ...in  rail-  ������(ift*oadt:tfafiirbpera"tiori.    It enables    the  RRpispatcher'.'_'. "to- communicate      direct  IMlvith   the  train,   and train  orders  can  lif'Pe  transmitted  as accurately  and  re-  YJijiiably  as  by   telegraph   or  telephone.  tfjThe wireless,   together  with  a  selec-  -jM'ive device, can also be used for set-  tjhiing  signals   at   distant  points."  jw   During the year 1914 we    had two  j|i*3tprnis," one in March that complete-  Wly wrecked pole  lines  in  New York,  rfNew Jersey  and  Pennsylvania,,   and  pthe only communication for a period  Kof ten days was the wireless.    Again,  ficarly  in   December,    this  same  zone  $ was  visited     by  a severe ice storm,  fend there was absolutely no wire  ^communication in this territory for a  ^period of three days. Again the  Wireless service had to be depended  |on. Loss of means of communica-  |uion between stations caused by pros-  Utration of poles and wires is now a  '{thing of the past.  i    The wireless telegraph will.  do ev-  ||erythihg that    the    electric telegraph  fwdocs  today, jmd  even greater  results  gare   obtained.     There  is   no   distance-  IJbut that- can be reached by the wire-  A'less   telegraph   if   you   build  a   tower  ||high     enough   and  install     sufficient  iyelectrical   energy   to   propagate      the  |S.ethcral   waves;   wireless   signals   have  fjjDecn heard a distance of eight'thou-  '(sand      miles,   and   as      the   electrical  f<jwaves spread in all directions equally,  a station    located    on    Pike's    Peak  would girdle the earth.  ity; countless millions; all the laughing little kiddies, and the slim,  straight young girls, and the sweet  women, and the men that arc to  come. It's all humanity we're fighting for, whether life's to be clean and  decent, free and worth having���������or a  Boch'e nightmare. You can't describe  it, but T wouldn't like to be out of it  for'~long. It's hell and"heaven, and  the devil and the world; and, thank  goodness, we're on the side of the  angels���������decency, not material gain���������  and we're going to win.  "Suppose I set out to depict something of the shapeless, grisly horror  of it all. God knows there's enough  of 'em. What's the best effect I'll  produce, especially on anyone who's  never been out there? An effect' of  shapeless, confused, purposeless hor-  Well, is the Push no more than  ror.     .       .  pivas'visited     by  a'severe "ice   storm, that?   You bet it is.   Why,, looked at  iMand there    was  absolutely    no    wire from   one  point   of  view,   it   is   posi-  **-    - ���������  ���������-���������-   ������������������������������������������������������ ��������� - tively beautiful?       From  thc platoon  standpoint it may be a colossal lark  or a tangled horror; whilst, from,the  High Staff standpoint, the main impression may well be one of mathematical nicety, perfectly dovetailed  detail, and smooth working precision.  To give you an instance:  "The other afternoon I came mightily near to puking, in a warren of  Boche trenches we took outside  Longueval. Nothing much. We've all  seen worse things. ��������� A little heap of  four dead Bodies. They were decently buried an hour later. I was about  the first of our people to see this particular shambles. You know how  careful our chaps are, with their kindly sense of decency. Their first  thought is to cover a dead Boche's  face���������give   him    some decent" dignity  ija ���������  even  if  they're  not  able  at the  mo-  [(������ ."'.-_ .   ��������� ., ment to give him decent burial. Eng-  Enough Said ]ishj  Irishj ScotSi Canadians, Austral-  .     A    railroad   lawyer    who    has had :janj  South    African���������all  the    British  ft'much to do with human nature says:|troops are like that.    Well, thcy had-  "Nevcr crosST.examine    an    Irishman n'|- time to clean up here, and these  conies in, it is an admission that he  is not a hotel-keeper at all, but a  saloon-keeper. -- There are too many  such dping nothing but harm. It  was shown in the legislature that out  of 110 hotels in Toronto there were  only 30 that entertained travellers,  and in other cities the proportion is  worse. It is entirely unfair to boarding houses and temperance houses  that do not sell liquor.  The question is sometimes asked:  "Can the hotel business be made to  pay without the bar?" The answer  is that it has already been done.  Prince Edward Island has been under prohibition for over ten years,  and the hotels are reported to be  satisfactory and prosperous. In Montreal, Toronto and other places good  temperance hotels have been conducted for many years. I know because I have stopped at them. The  last time I was in Owen Sound I  stopped at a hotel that might satisfy  the most fastidious and I am told  that the Owen Sound hotels are paying good dividends. But before local  option came to Owen Sound, a woman had demonstrated that a barless  hotcl_ could be made to pay well in  competition with the hotel that sells  poisonous liquors. In two-thirds of  the municipalities of Ontario the hotels do not sell liquor, and thcy seem  to be doing very well. On the other  side of the line there are 18 states  and hundreds of other municipalities  that have barless hotels, and they  seem to be doing well. Maine has  had barless hotels for over sixty  years and Kansas for over thirty  years. Then why ask, can hotels be  made to pay without a bar?  Doubtless charges have been increased in a good many small towns,  but what kind, of a man. is he" who  wants the drinking, man tp_ pay part;  of his hotel bill? Who wants his hotel bill lessened at the expense of suffering:, poverty and: crime?  The fact is that hotel-keeping is  one of the, best paying businesses  when properly conducted. This is  proved by such instances as I have  mentioned where barless hotels have  been successfully conducted in competition with the licensed hotel. The  only exception is small villages, but  the Government are wisely making  provision for these cases.���������H. Arnott,  M.B.,  M.C.P.S.  i "I answered that two years are  ��������� surely enough to make it clear to the  thickest head. He, however, replied:  'Two years ago all these people knew,  but as they read thc newspapers irregularly, have little knowledge of  geography, and have no training in  historical thought, even at thc beginning they grasped only a general impression rather than detailed events.  "Meanwhile, all that has for them  returned "to a state of flux and become obscure, and now they are  mentally helpless in thc face of the  sacrifices of this long war. Hence it  becomes possible for agitation of the  Licbknecht Type to find its way into  the very army."  A New Sense of Values  War  J" ,.      ...    .. .  iifrom  the  old  sod." And  he  gave an particular  Bodies  had  been done up  '^'illustration from his own experience: pretty nasty,  as  thcy  say.    Sonic of  our   heavy   stuff  must     have   landed  right among 'em.    Thcy were in the  | "A section hand had been killed  |)by "an express train��������� and his widow  " was suing for damages. The main  witness swore positively that thc lo-  , tomotive whistle had not sounded  f'Until after the whole train had pass-  eel over his departed friend.  "'See here,  McGinnis,' said  I, 'you  f^admit  that  thc  whistle blew?'  "'Vis, sor, it blew, sor.'  " 'Now- if that  whistle    sounded in  time  to   give   Michael   warning,     the  .'fact    would be in favor of the  com-  f]\pany, wouldn't it?"  " 'Yis, sor, and Mike would be testifying here this day.'" The jury  giggled.  B.'are sel  Ifger for  j-sln   cas  mouth of a dugout.  "Right. Two minutes later I came  upon as homely a little picture as  you'd find in thc neighborhood of any  peaceful Irish or English village:  three of our lads crouching over an  old brazier, on which thcy were making afternoon tea, if you please, frying a scrap of bacon and boiling the  water for tea at thc same time, and  stirring in their own loving Irish  blarney with the cooking all the time.  I took it in, and passed on pondering  the queerness of the whole business.  I wasn't more than sixty or seventy  paces away, when three Boche shells  arrived, like a postman's knock, somewhere .close behind. Just three, and  no more; one of the flukes of the day.  "Something made me turn back and  go   to  take another  look at  the  tea-  Works Both Ways  f Whatever the idea, the Teutons  are setting a precedent full of dan-  r the side likely to be defeated,  case the entente troops should ,-._ Qnc of its members had been  :{eventually reach Berlin and parade ;instantaneously killed; his head  in. the Siegesalle it might become a|smashed t0 a puip. Another had been  ^question of expatriating by way-of |terrib, mauled, and was already be-  imaking stronger allied frontiers, a l; attended to by a couple of stret-  Bfew million Germans and Austnans. cher bearers who had been resting in  II The German immigrant element in a dugout w;thin sight of the party  It. Alsace, which has thriven since the anci had themselves been covered with  Mast war at the expense of the inhabi-jcarlh and dust from thc shells. I lent  f J rants, lends itself to this treatment. 'a hand| and thcy vcry soon had the  So docs thc German-speaking ele-, poor chap on i,;s way down to thc  ���������foment which practices economic para- 'dressing station. But I feci sure one  lA.sitism  on     thc  unfortunate  Slavs  of|WOn-t evcr sec u'm again. You know  Bohemia,    Galicia and Prussian  Pol-|that hopeless yellow pallor.  .."'and.    What objection could the Teu-      ������j was ^^ that way within a quar-  l* tons make if a finally victorious en-Jter Qf an i10Urj and  there was  ,  emy should not disdain to apply the j0f  >s own section, you know, roll-  |{ Teuton's own approved and sanc-!ing a c'garette in a bit of newspaper,  ti-oned practices upon them? Eviction. having just finished the bacon. His  was a bad game ior them to start.       half-filled canteen of tea was r.lon-z-  General Botha  Sternly Resolute  An   Incident    of    the South African  Campaign  How determined and resolute Gen-  crar Botha can be is illustrated by a  story which- Mr. Harold Spender tells  in his life of the great South African  soldier. During the later stages of  the South African war Mrs. Botha  spared no efforts in her role of peacemaker. General Botha, however, was  not always' in the mood to listen to  peace talk, and, indeed, there were  moments when he by no means welcomed Mrs. Botha as a messenger of  peace.        -  "On one occasion Mrs. Botha had  travelled for three days to reach her  husband with a new suggestion from  the British Headquarters. Arriving  in the Republican lines, she asked  that her presence should be reported  to the General. At first they did not  know where to find Botha, but at last  he was found walking up and down  in some agitation. Faced by his wife,  he said to her, instantly, 'You must  leave me.' He had just arranged a  battle. 'You must get back as soon  as you can,' lie said, 'I am blowing  up  the  line.'  "She had only gone a few miles  when thc shrapnel fell all around her.  She came back into the British lines  and reported herself to the British  General, who had let her through.  He told her to gct back to Pretoria.  'But my husband is going to blow up  thc railway," she remarked.. 'He  won't blow it up if you are on it,' replied the British General, with some  plausibility;  and so  she went.  "She travelled in a train full of soldiers; but her presence on the train  did not change her husband's Spartan  purpose. Thc line was blown up and  the train stopped. The soldiers  marched off. Mrs. Botha and a companion were left for three days with  the engine-driver and the stoker."  Scarcity Helps Health  Man Can Endure    Much Shortage of  Food and Still Survive  Whether it is true or not that more  people die of over-eating than of  over-drinking, it is generally admitted that more die of over-eating than  of starvation. It is not surprising,  therefore, to learn that the enforced food restrictions in Germany and  in other war countries are having a  perceptibly beneficial effect on thc  public health. Where these limitations as to diet go hand in hand with  the abolition of liquor-drinking, the  salutary results are declared to bc  amazing, and the statement will be  readily believed.  Compensation for the 'suffering  which is inevitably entailed in some  instances is found in the improved  physical condition of the great mass  of population. Nations which are  proverbially fond of pleasures of the  table are naturally quicker to complain; ot any deprivations, but ��������� they  are 'obviously the greatest gainers- by  it. Man can endure much shortage of  food and still survive; upon how  little he-can subsist and thrive, he  does not know until compelled to  make the trial. In his abundance he  is prone to consume far more than he  needs." In his scarcity he contents  himself with the quantity and quality  that answers the purpose of simple  nutrition. In all the greater nations  engaged in the present war there is  still enough food, in spite of occasional rumors to the contrary, to keep  the people fairly well, fed and maintain their physical strength. So long  as; this is 'the "case, whether they get  meat twice a week or only once will  not greatly matter. They will not die  of starvation; they will come back  nearer to nature's aliment and supply, and will ri'd themselves of many  an ill that pampered, over-fed, civilr  ized flesh has fallen heir to.���������Utah  Desert News.  Has    Resulted    in    Revealing  Things in  a New Light  But to come back to the present:  what today do we feci to be of most  valuc to us? Not, as we may once  have thought, power, riches, luxury,  but what is in every sense the "simple life"���������life itself, and life with  honor and love, the enjoyment of our  land, of our friends, of our faith in  right and in God. Happy they who  always loved these; they have their  reward nowl  The beauty of our country, perhaps, never seemed so dear to us before today, because we are stirred,  because wc look on it once more, as  the poet says, as might "a lover or a  child."  The value of all that our country  means, its history, its customs, its  atmosphere, natural, political, spiritual; we feci this as never before. We  feel it for England, for Scotland, for  Wales; aye, despite her distractions,  not a few feel it for Ireland, too. The  Canadians feel it for Canada, the  silver-crowned young Queen of the  North, and thc Anzacs for their  splendid golden land of the South.  We and they are beginning also to  feel it for the Empire. The England  of Shakespeare and Elizabeth; we  realise it more than ever in this  day. I do not know whether many  of you have seen the book of homage to Shakespeare compiled by Dr.  Gollancz for the British Academy. I  think some of the best and most interesting of the poems it contains are  those to be found on the four or five  pages given to New Zealand and Canada.  But it is not Empire or rule, it is  "righteousness that exalteth a nation." Let us hope, I do hope, and  believe, that wc are being exalted  even in and through our sorrow." ���������  Sir Herbert Warren in The Fortnightly Review. '  Cardinal Mercier  Patriotic Belgian Whom the German  Invaders Cannot Intimidate  Cardinal Mercier is a thorn in the  side of thc Germans. He cannot bc  browbeaten. -He is the only man in  Belgium whose mouth cannot be  sealed. On July 21, thc 86th anniversary of Belgian independence, the  85lh of the ascension of a Belgian  king to the throne, the cardinal, addressing a vast audience of Belgians  in Brussels, in the presence of General von Bissing, the German governor-general, predicted the approach  of "the day of deliverance," and urged his people to renew their courage,  their faith in Belgium free from the  foreign invader.  Helplessly the German officers allowed him to continue. As long as  he did not urge resistance to German  Effect of War  Upon the Empire  Sir George Pcrley Gives Experiences  to  Ottawa  Audience  A. tribute to Sir George Pcrlcy's  service to Canada during the two  years the war has been in progress,  as acting High Commissioner in  London, was paid recently by the  members of the Ottawa Canadian  Club, who turned out in record large  numbers to hear him address the club  on "Britain in War Time," at the  Chateau Lauiicr. Sir George received  a splendid  reception.  Sir  George   paid  a   notable   tribute  to     Canadian     soldicis,     told  of   the  great efforts of the British people in  <  this war and refened to  thc fine effect the  war had  on  thc   Empire.  "There is a> rumor going around,"  said Sir George, "and I have every  reason to believe it is true, that the  Germans especially dislike having our  chaps in front of them." Another  tribute to thc Canadians was paid by  a high British officei, who said that  the first Canadian division was equal  to thc original expeditionary force  which went to France.  That   arm}-,   while  small,   was   the *  best in  the world.  Canada had  come,  to  manhood,    said the speaker,    and  he  believed that  Canada's  history as *���������  a     nation  would date from  the  first  battle of Ypres.    Thc Canadians    onu  that occasion had accomplished     the.   '  impossible.    Theoretically  thcy   were   "-  wiped out, but some still "remain  tq-  day.     The people mourned their loss,  but  could  not help  feeling  proud' of    ' "  them.  There had been a wonderful change  in two years. Today the British army /���������  was  made, up   of  volunteers,  just  as y  the   Canadians   were.  Two  years   ago  Britain was unprepared for1 war. Now  the initiative rested    with    her, -and  will likely remain. The quality of the  *  British  troops was high.,  Sir George referred to thc navy, the  sure shield of the Empire, which had  complete control after the victory of  Jutland. Financially, Great' Britain  was the strongest of the nations, and  that would have'a great, bearing on  the  result  of the war.  Sir George had been at the front  twice, once each winter. Last winter,'  the conditions were much improved.  Before the war they would have said  that human beings could not have  stood the rigors of the first winter.  However, the Army Service Corps  was a perfect organization. One  never heard a grouch.  They did not think that the first  Canadian division could be equalled,  but when the fourth division was reviewed on Dominion Day they saw  that it was equal to the first.  In conclusion, Sir George referred  to the closer unity of the Empire.  The war had worked great wonders  in this direction. And in the time to  come it would be seen that the Kaiser had unconsciously helped to con-  authority,   they  had   to   listen   to   hi  forecast of the triumphant day whenlgoiidate arid'perpetuate TtT^Cheers")  King Albert would re-enter his capital/ and to witness the satisfaction of  the people whose thoughts he was  interpreting. Death, .imprisonment  would seal the cardinal's lips, but he  knows that he is safe frorii both, that  either would do more good to the  Belgian, more harm to the Greman  cause than even his unrestricted utterances. So the -cardinal has made  himself the mouthpiece of the Belgian  people, the spokesman of their silent  reelings, the representative of their  uncrushed nationality, and his voice  is heard around the world.���������Detroit  News.  The Hyphenates' Dilemma  This is peculiarly a year of madly  conflicting interests in politics. Those  voters of German origin who hailed  the Hughes nomination so enthusiastically are rather staggered by the  length which their candidate has gone  in meeting the wishes of the woman  suffragists who call for Federal action ..instead of State action. They  dread women suffrage, especially in  Ohio, Wisconsin and Missouri, because they believe that it means prohibition, and prohibition has no deadlier enemies than the embattled German-Americans of the great brewery  cities of Cincinnati, Milwaukee and  St.  Louis.���������Springfield  Republican.  Song-Birds Remain  With Allied Guns  A humane society had secured a  down-town show window and filled  it with attractive pictures of wild animals in their native haunts. A placard in the middle of the exhibit read:  "Wc were skinned to provide women  with fashionable furs." A man paused before the window, and his harassed expression for a moment gave  place to one of sympathy. "I know  just how you feel, old top," he muttered.    "So was I!"  Pat Garvey, section foreman at  Trunkeyville, was formerly in thc  habit of sending long and detailed reports to the supervisor. Oftentimes  his daily report would contain three  or four pages. The supervisor became  weary of wading through a mass of  detail and ordered Garvey to "boil"  his reports down. "You aren't writing love letters," was the supervisor's  rebuke, "but railroad reports." Soon  after this ultimatum was received by  Garvey, the memorable cloudburst  and flood occurred at Trunkeyville.  This is the laconic report that Garvey sent in:  "The river is where the railroad  was,"���������Tidioute, Tex., News.  Use of Marbles  Many millions of marbles are made  annually in the United States. It is  estimated that the boys of that country use no fewer than 200,000,000 each  year. But there are other uses for  marbles beside youthful players. The  Standard Oil Company is one of the  largest buyers of marbles; some of  its purchases are used in oil cans and  others of larger size are rolled  through graded pipe lines to clear out  the paraffin which gathers on the  insides of the pipe. The manufacturers of ink, chemicals and powder  use marbles. Other buyers arc dealers in railway supplies, puzzle box  makers and salt producers.  War     Has     Curious     Psychological  Effects on Animals and Birds  Some curious and interesting observations upon the psychological effect produced on animals by the detonations of big guns have been recently made. The animals consider^  ed are the horses and dogs used for  military purposes, and the game in  the area of warfare. It was noticed  soon after the beginning of the war  that the latter began to migrate into  Luxemburg, Switzerland, and the portions of France and Belgium not the  scat  of hostilities.  The first to flee was. the "black  game" (a term which includes the  wild boar, the badger, and the bear),  whose senses are'specially acute.  Then the roebuck and the red deer  followed; but, strange to say, the  hare, whose timidity is proverbial,  continued to occupy its usual territory. Thc larger birds likewise, such  as the grouse, the pheasant, the sea-  eagle, and the wild duck, were driven  away by thc heavy firing.  Strange to say, thc wolf, which  was expected to regain lost ground  in the present war, has shown itself  vcry gun-shy. Another curious fact is  that the song-birds, such as thc lark,  the thrush, and thc finch, have not  been driven away by the thunder of  thc cannon and continue to hold their  nests and sing their songs in their  accustomed    haunts. Other    birds  which remain unfrightencd arc various kinds of owls, falcons, sparrow-  hawks, crows, etc.  Medals and Badges  Must Be Authorised  Warning    Issued to Public    Against  Copying Uniforms or Wearing  Military Decorations  It has been brought to the attention  of the military authorities that a  great many unauthorized persons are  wearing various uniforms or badges  or medals and by doing so are bringing the militia and naval services  into disrepute apart from retarding  recruiting.  It is felt by the military authorities that the general public are not  aware that it is unlawful for an unauthorized person to wear uniforms  or badges and the following extract  from a recent Order-in-Council  should bc noted by the public:  "If any unauthorized person wears  any naval or military uniform or any  uniform so nearly resembling any  such uniform as to be calculated to  deceive, or if any person without lawful authority supplies a naval or military uniform to any person not being a member of His Majesty's forces  or of the Canadian Militia, or if any  person without authority or right  wears a naval or military decoration  or medal, is is guilty of an offence  under thc Criminal Code, and on  summary conviction under thc provisions of that Code is liable to a penalty not exceeding $50, and in default  of payment of said penalty is liable  to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months."  A Sign of the Times  Fall as a Time 1o Paint  A great deal of painting is done in  thc spring and early summer, principally because people like to have  their buildings look well at the season when thcy can bc out of doors  and when nature gives a freshly painted building a most beautiful setting.  It should be remembered, however,  that there are advantages to fall  painting.  At this season of the year, buildings arc usually thoroughly dry.  When the pores of wood are filled  with water, or have only dried out at  thc surface, the oil in the paint can  Tl  "Ancient Patriotic Note"  A speaker the other day alluded to  thc "ancient patriotic note." It may  be interesting to remember that the  word "patriot" came into use in England iu the seventeenth century,  when it was invariably coupled with a  defining adjective, such as "good," or  "worthy," and, later, at the French  Revolution, one of Fouquier-Tinvillc's  favorite accusations was that the victim was not a "good patriot." "Patriotism" did not come into use, in  English, till the eighteenth century,  Bcrkcly and Boliugbroke being among thc first to employ lhe term. It  means not only a love of one's own  country, but a share in the joy which  another may have in the corresponding love of his own���������a much wider,  nobler thing than the selfish "Vatcr-  land" aim, implying, as that does, a  world-Germany with all its peoples  Gcrmaniacs.���������.London   Chronicle.  Thc most convincing evidence ofj'-ot enter. lhe paint practically  an approaching German debacle, how- ! seals up a certain amount of moisture  evcr, is furnished by the outgivings1'" the wood and thus does not ac-  of the Germans themselves. Tliey.complish whatsit should by way of  would not be breathing sound and 1 Preservation. With dry wood, thc  fury if they were so sure of the out- pores arc open and empty to receive  John received two birthday pres*  cnts in which he was particularly interested���������a diary and a peashooter.  He wrote in the diary faithfully every day, and the.pea shooter he fired  off on all occasions. One day his  mother found the following terse record in the diary:"  "Mundy cold and sloppy. Toosdy  cold and sloppy. Wensdy cold and  sloppy, shot grandmother." ��������� New  York Times. ��������� .       '  come as they profess to be. Their  attitude is too theatrical to bc convincing. It is a revelation, not of  confidence, but of discouragement.���������  Philadelphia Ledger.  the oil and thus most effectively preserve the wood.  There is less danger of having the  paint washed and spotted by rains,  when flics and  gnats are gone.  "The   girl   who   washes   our  dishes  tells   me  she  is  going  to  work  in  a,  munition factory."  "Think she will  do well at it?"  ;���������-',-,  "Oh, yes.   Her duty is to break irori-  things  to fill shells for shrapnel.'''',~*.'<  Life.  jSt'-KK-^jpH  >>:��������� ���������'.���������.-.'.'Wl'-i'iSS THE     GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.      B.      C.  Room  Nineteen  %  BY'  \*  FLORENCE WARDEN  WARD, LOCK &CO., UMITED  London, Melbourne, and Toronto  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  Icntion of detaining her, she had  made her escape. Opening the door  so quickly that she caught the clerk  at the keyhole, Mabin walked out as  quickly as she could, not heeding thc  fact that Mr. Fryer and his clerk-  were watching her, and conferring in  whispers at the outer door of the office as she ran towards thc stairs.  She got home as quickly as she  could, and poured out her story to  her mother.  Mrs. Wrest was watching the little  boy from the window of the back  room, which was the bedroom she  shared with her daughter.  "Do you know," cried the elder  lady, all smiles, as Mabin cainc in,  "that I've found out what the boy's  name is! It is Julius. And I'm quite  sure, Mabin, that he comes of nice  people. He has the prettiest little  manners! He's a dear child!"  '   Mabin sat down disheartened.  "Mama," she said, "I've had a  dreadful morning. I went to the hotel and they've heard nothing, seen  nothing. Then I went to this Mr.  Fryer'"s office, and made '''inquiries  there. The clerk told me mat lie  didn't know the name of the man who  was attacked.. And Mr: Fryer said  he had heard nothing at all about it."  Mrs. Wrest was half alarmed, hall  relieved. .*���������������������������������������������.'������������������:'  '���������'Tmust   confess,"   she   said,  ''-'thai  I'm not soiry to be able to keep the  dear little  felibw a little longer.  But  we must find out who  his  rid     ot  "Thosu  . "(Continued)  It was in vain the clerk insisted  that his employer was out. Finally,  as Mabin seated herself on a cane-  bottomed chair and said she would  wail till Mr. Fryer came in, thc clerk  went up to her and said rapidly, in a  low voice���������  "If you must sec him, I'll let you  in. But I do beg you won't get me  into trouble by mentioning what happened here . yesterday. Mr. Fryer  doesn't know anything about it, he  doesn't, indeed."  "I won't promise anything," said  thc girl drily, "except this���������that unless 1 am satisfied before 1 leave here  as lo what has become of the man  who was. attacked here yesterday, I  shall go straight to the nearest police  station when I get outside."  Thc clerk stood back a few steps  and regarded her .with an expression  in which malignity struggled with  consternation. Then, seeing that she  remained quite unmoved, he suddenly turned away aiid darted into the  middle office without another word.  It seemed a long time before he  came out again, aTid meanwhile Ma-  . bin sat with her heart beating vcry  fast, wondering, what ��������� was going to  happen. ''Would she be allowed to  see Mr. Fryer? And if so, would ioi course ^  she recognise his voice as that of Pcc-Ple are.  thc assailant of thc man with the fair  beard? ���������.������������������������������������������������������  If she did recognise it, she was  determined, unless she were told  where to find him, to give information at once about what had taken  place in the office on the'previous  day.  She was kept waiting a long time,  and meanwhile she could hear thc  faint sound of low-pitched ' voices  conversing with excitement. At last  the clerk came out again, and stood  back with" the door wide open for,  her to enter.  Trembling very much, Mabin went  into  the middle  room. .  Standing behind his writing table,  with a sheaf of papers in one hand,  with thc busy look of a, man w,ho is  impatient of interruption, Mabin. saw  a dark-complexioned man under middle age, inclined to be stout. He  wore a single eyeglass, was; dressed  with scrupulous care, and looked  prosperous and even smart.  At the same time there was something about him which she did not  like, a look which made her wonder  whether lie was  dissipated.  He bowed curtly and with a frown,  spoke  rather stiffly.  "You wished to see mc? What is  your business? I' shall be glad if  you will make it as short as you can,  as I have an appointment to keep."  But for thc first few moments Mabin could not answer. She was too  much confused and perplexed by  what she heard. Listening intently  for the first sound of his voice, in  order to tell whether it was he whom  she had heard conversing with the  stranger of the fair beard, she was  at  first disappointed.  Certainly this was not the man who  had been the assailant ont. the previous day.  But as he went on speaking she  caught certain inflections which, although they did not make her hesitate as to her belief that he.was not  the man who had attacked the stranger, reminded her of thc voice she  -. had heard, and made her ask herself  whether he might be a relation of  the  guilty man. ���������  Mabin recovered her self-possession almost immediately, and answered Mr. Fryer's  question.  "I  came yesterday in answer to an  advertisement for a typist," she said.  He cut her short.  "Oh, yes.    But I've already engaged a young lady for the post."  "I know. I was going on to say  that, while I was here, there was a  brutal attack made upon a man in  this room while I was in that one."  She pointed to the inner door. "Have  you  heard anything about it?"  Thc frown cleared away from his  face, and Mr. Fryer began to move  nervously.  "I don't know anything about  that," he said. "It must have happened when I was away. I was not in  town yesterday."  "It was serious," said Mabin, now  quite collected and determined to bc  heard. "Thc poor man who was attacked was badly hurt. When I left  this office he was lying on thc ground  cither unconscious or  dead."  "Really? I'm not answerable for  anything that goes on here while I'm  away," said Mr. Fryer, who showed  increasing restlessness and betrayed  every moment some sign that he knew  a   great   deal   more   about   the   story  than   she  did.    "If anything  so vcry     No Astrological Hope for Kaiser  fvS^J hapPTd hcrc something      Thc   remainder   of   thc   year   holds  ���������2,������" d haJC COmc t0tm?,c*[s> 1 slould out   no    hope  of any    revival  of  thc  think     Kow  Im  afraid   I   must  ask;Gcrm:ul    Emperor's    fortunes.      The  you   to   excuse  me,   unless   you  have |plrincts    arc  .uniformly    threatening.  anything ^more   to   say    which  con-jSalurn coming to the conjunction of  ccrns me. -      .   I the Dragon's Tail (thc Moon's South  I have nothing more to say,    saidinode)  close to his Ascendant in Sep-  Mabin.   And then she added in a low tcmber,  and  thc  Sun   arriving at  thc  voice,)( as   she   turned    to   the door: conjunction  of  Neptune in  his  horo-  <?������Cm   .   1 -,.t scope    by    primary    direction    of a  What do you mean? month  or  two  later.    The  stationary  But   although   he   came   round   the [position of Tupitcr in Britain's ruling  table  to  the door as  if with  the in-[sign,   Aries,   . in   December   next,   in  trine    with    its  own  place,    in King  Rumania In History  Has  Mabin sprang  to her feet.  "Yes, but how?" .cried, she. "It's  plain 1 can get no help from the people at the office. The clerk said he  walked away quite Well, but of course  that's not true. If he had been well,  he would have gone back to thc hotel  whe-e he  had left his little son."  Alnrm got thc upper hand in Mrs.  Wrcst's. mind.  "Unless he wanted to gct  ihc child," she said dubiously  hings are sometimes done."  Mabin answered with  fire.  "Not by such a nice' man as that.  He could think of nothing but his  boy, his only trouble was about him.  No, Mama, what I'm afraid is'; that  the poor man died there."  "Oh, nonsense! How could thcy  carry a dead body out of a city office  without anyone hearing about it?  Why, such a thing would have been  in all the papers!" said Mrs.. Wrest.  "Yes, so I should have thought.  But the question is: if that didn't  happen, what did? I saw him lying  unconscious, with a wounded head,  I in that office yesterday. Today  there's no trace of what happened,  and thcy try to make me believe that  nothing  did  happen."  Her mother looked disturbed.  "It's vcry awkward," she murmured, "to be mixed up in any with a  mystery about a child."  ���������'I don't mind that," said Mabin,  whose whole mind was absorbed by  thc romance, the pitifulness of the  strange episode. "What is troubling-  me is the' thought of what has been  done to  that poor man."  "What is troubling me," said her  mother, "is what is to become, of this  poor  child.'"  Mabin turned to her mother a resolute face.  "I'm goii.g to the nearest police  station," she. said, "to tell all that I  know."  "You are -going to do nothing of  thc sort," said Mrs. Wrest promptly.  "Do you really understand what it  would mean to be. mixed up in a  scandal of that sort? You���������and I���������  and an unknown child? Who would  believe you? With thc men at the  office standing together, as they do,  and swearing thcy knew nothing  abotu it, what could the police or  anybody do? I forbid you to whis-"  per a wo.d of this thing to the police or to ariybody." '  "Mama, 1 must. I can't rest till  I find out what became of that poor  man."  Her mother considered.  "Will you promise to say nothing  about this to anybody," she said, "it  t go and sec your uncle about it?"  Mabin  rose  slowly lo her  feet.  She knew her uncle and his leisurely, deliberate ways.  "Yes," she said, "you can go to him  and tell him all about it. But in the  meantime, Mama, I am going down  to Monford myself, to try to find  this Heath Hill, thc address on thc  torn letter, and this grandfather thc  boy was going lo."  "You'd much belter wait and sec  what your uncle says," pleaded thc  mother anxiously. "There is some  ugly story connected with this, you  know.    Perhaps it was a  murder!"  "That's just what I think. But I  can't rest till I've found out all about  it."  (To   Be   Continued.)  Her Place in European History  Always Been-an Honorable One  Though Rumania'up to.-the .nineteenth century docs, not appear lo  lhavc played a conspicuous part in  the advance of civilization, her place  in European history is an honorable  one, and, if less spectacular than  those of her neighbors, her achievements have proved of,supreme value.  By their stubborn resistance to the  Ottoman invaders, Rumanians, in  common with the other peoples inhabiting Oriental Europe, made pos-.  sible that stability and security that  enabled Western ..civilization, to develop, and, although thcy cainc under  thc sway of the Turks, yet the Rumanians, by their "determined, stand,  so weakened the power of the Moslem invaders, that thcy were unable  to  carry on the fight.  Rosovo is a name sacred to all the  Balkan nations that resisted Turkish  rule. It was in 1389 that Mircea the  Old, Prince of Wallachia, led the  united Balkan armies against the  Turks. The battle was lost;-the vanquished were placed under "tribute,  but their fight against their conquerors was carried on for centuries.  Like a great breakwater, these little  nations held the Ottoman waves in  check, and left western Europe free  to forge ahead untrammeled by the  fear of Moslem incursions. Until  1877 thc tribute imposed five centuries earlier, following the battle of Rosovo, was the basis of thc relations  between Rumania and Turkey. Unlike Hungary, which for over a century was a Turkish province, the  Rumanian provinces never fell com-,  pletely under the sway of, the conqueror. Under the suzerainty of  Turkey, however, Rumania became a  mere pawn in the politics of the great  European powers. She lost Bukowina to Austria in 1775, and Bessarabia tp Russia in 1812. The jealous-  ie's~of the European powers alone  saved Rumania from greater territorial losses.  Under Prince Carol, who was related to the King of Prussia and to  Napoleon III., Rumania maintained  a bolder front against partition and  won her independence". Bulgaria  since then has done much to keep  alive Rumanian suspicions. At the  outset of -the first Balkan campaign,  1910-11, Bulgarian official documents  referred to the Dobrogea, wTiich was  Rumanian territory, as a "Bulgaria  Irredenta." The double dealing of  the Central Powers in the last Balkan war detached Rumania. Dreading the increasing influence of. Germany in Bulgaria, Rumania turned to  Russia.  Thc present war finds Rumania in  Starving Sj-ria  Christian Natives Have Been Bitterly  Persecuted Since the War  Began  This year marks the 400th 'anniversary of lhe conquest of Syria by the  Train Animals To  Accomplish Strange Jobs  Intelligent Animals Trained to  Perform Many Services  Many strange, and unexpected cases  arc  on  record  in  which animals  aiid  The Sunday Dinner  fof  Turks, but the inhabitants are ccr- birds have proved themselves useful  tainly not in a mood for celebrating to mankind, very oftcn>serving their  that event. Hard as was their lot i masters more reliably than many'hu-  beforc the entrance of Turkey into [man beings would do under similar  thc war, the Syrians arc, now called conditions, says Answers,  upon to face conditions a hundred- At times of .stress like,the present  fold worse. Nearly all of the able-1such dumb servants have proved  bodied men have been forced into the themselves particularly useful, a good  Turkish army,   where  their  lot is  a  instance  in   point; being  provided  by  miserable one, since they are clothed  in   rags  and  given  only   small   quantities of food.    The Christian.'natives,  of Syria have been bitterly 'persecuted''since, the  war began,  large numbers    having    been    deported,    while  many have been hanged or shot.    In  the northern part of Syria vast numbers of people have died of starvation  ���������the estimates    ranging from 50,000  to 100,000.    The typhus  epidemic    of  the last few  months has also  added  to  the horrors  of Syrian life.      The  offer of help from the United States,  tendered  to  the  Turkish government  this-month,'-has  been refused.      The  American    charge at    Constantinople  was  informed" that relief operations  were    unnecessary    in  Syria  because  crops  there    were    better  than anywhere else in the empire.   While this  is true as far as it goes, the Turkish  government     permits  the  Syrians  to  retain very little food for themselves,  the' greater  part   of  the   crops  being  taken over for .the army., The Turks  have held  Syria  ever since  1516,  except for the  brief period in  the latter    part of the     eighteenth  century  when the country was overrun by the  French under Napoleon... There'have  been .many insurrections  against  the  Ottomans in the last century,..but;all'  of them    have  been.,  ruthlessly suppressed.  German Airman Lauds  Bravery of the British  Says They    Carry Out    Peace Time  Manoeuvres   and Are  Indiffer-.  ent  to   All Dangers  A  tribute ' to   British   airmen     was  recently, published    in     the.Ncueste  Nachrichten of Kiel, the article having been written, it was stated, by a  wounded'aviator  of  the   German  air  service,   who   was   then   convalescing  the case of a resident in thc West of  England, "who recently lost his gard-  ncr through thc man enlisting. His  master was confronted by the problem of his lawn about which he had  always been very particular, for thc  grass quickly threatened to make his  once trim grounds look very much  like a  wilderness.  Then  he  hit  upon  a brilliant  idea.  Wiring off the ground, lie turned  down a dozen guinea pigs, which [quite fair?  promptly proceeded to nibble away  al the grass as evenly and neatly as  any mowing machine could have  done, much to their master's delight.  Similarly, an east end tradesman  lately found himself short handed  though this man hit upon a solution  of the problem.  He happened to possess a pet parrot, and this bird he placed in thc  outer pari of his-' shop and trained it  lo call "Stop!" whenever anyone entered by way of the street door.  The parrot very quickly learned his  lesson, with the result that its master was no longer obliged to spend  all his lime on the lookout for customers, but could attend to other  matters, knowing he could count upon his new assistant to warn him of  anybody's approach.  The intelligence of dogs is known  to everyone, but a dog as a golf caddie is somewhat of a novelty, you  will admit. Nevertheless, the animal  is no imaginary character, but a real  caddie, which works on the links of a  widely, known course. Besides carrying clubs, this dog proves himself  very'useful' in the matter of..discover-;  ing lost golf balls, nosing about until he is successful.  Then there is another dog, in one  of the London suburbs, which helps  his master to look after the,.poultry.  When told to do so, this clever collie  will trot off and collect the eggs,  which   it 'brings   back  in   its  mouth,  Elaborate Demand of Husband  Display Should Be Curbed  It is a matter of considerable question which is the hardest workday of  the  week���������Monday,   thc  almost  universal    washing    day;   Saturday,  the  cleaning  day,  or  Sunday,  thc  day of  rest.     In   the  vast  majority  of well-  car.ed-for    families,  thc    members  of  which    attend    church    and    Sunday  school    with    systematic    regularity,,  Sunday after "meeting" is considcredlj  more or less .somewhat of a gala oc-'J  casion,"~"so   far  as   the   table  is xon-J  cerncd. ' The good man of the houses  expects a fine roast,-an elaborate dis-1  play of the  substantiate and a  fancy [j  dessert as  a  recognition  of the day. jj  Thc help in the kitchen naturally de-.  mand a day of rest and usually take]  it in  the    afternoon.       So the tiredlfl  house-mother    must battle    with theL  serving and   debris  of  this  elaborate (|  dinner single-handed or at best with [  a reduced quota of servants. "Is'this i  from wounds received on the French one,by one,, laying them at its mas  a position favorable to the accom- [  plishment of her most cherished  dream���������the inclusion under one flag  of all Rumanians. Transylvania is  thc cradle of thc Rumanian nation. In  Bukowina and Bessarabia the peasants, not given-to change, have preserved all the customs and characteristics of the'Rumanian race, including  the language. In Transylvania", despite Magyar oppression, the Rumanians form a strong middle class. Definitely detached from Germany, Rumania had not time to recover from  her fears of Russian influence on thc  Bosphorus when the European war  called for a decision as to her attitude. Moreover, the supply of all  her war' materials was -in the hands  of Krupps when the war broke out.  A weak Cabinet and an opportunist  Premier declared for neutrality.  While the Roumanians of Transylvania were forced to fight in the  Hungarian regiments against Russia,  statecraft in Rumania turned to questions of trade. But thc cry of Transylvania could not for ever go unheeded. With Bulgaria on the side  of the Central Powers, the people of  Rumania recalled-thc words of Prince  Carol, addressed to Bismarck in 1880,  "Rumania will only bc menaced by a  real danger when a Great Bulgaria  comes into existence." It is "Rumania Irredenta" against "Bulgaria  Irredenta."  Another Theory Shattered  A study of history will show that  wc may, with an easy conscience, dismiss the' theory of Treitschkc that  war is a health-giving tonic which  Providence must bc expected constantly to offer to the human race for  its own good. Apart altogether  from the hopes wc entertain for the  victory in this war of a cause which  wc believe to be just, wc may desire  in the interests of all mankind that  its issue should discredit by defeat a  theory which is noxious as well as  baseless. The future progress of  mankind is to bc sought, not through  thc strifes and hatreds of thc nations,  but rather by their friendly co-opcr-  ation in the healing and enlightening  works of peace, aud in the growth of  a"spirit of friendship and mutual confidence which removes the causes of  war.���������Thc Atlantic Monthly.  front.    This is what the German airman wrote:  "Wc had hard days at La Maisonnette. Thence wc could sec seventeen  captive balloons simultaneously. They  were close together in groups, so it  made no difference when some blazed  up and  sank.  "���������We could quite well see our airmen fly over them and squirt something at one until black smoke arose  and the whole balloon turned round  and -waggled down. But all the rest  held out at their posts. . They were  smart fellows, and unfortunately  their observation was only too good.  "The gigantic numbers of enemy  airmen exceeded, anything seen or  experienced in this war. By 3.30 p.m.  thcy were already flying, and thcy  cruised with the greatest coolness in  the midst of our fire. They fly so low  that we can make out thc smallest  details with the naked eye. Their  airmen carry out peacc-timecmanoeu-  vres, and are-indifferent in alh dangers. Thcy even shoot at us in our  holes and trenches with machine  guns, and when thcy want to find  our bombproofs they come . down  still lower, until actually within pis-,  tol shot.  ''Many- of them have been shot  down, and when their photographs  have been developed we have been  sblc to distinguish the entrances to  our shelters. Their artillery has much  to   lhank  them  for."  Two Irishmen .were.working on a  farm. When dinner time came thcy  werc. called to dine off a large basin  of broth. The farmer's wife had only  one spoon, so she gave Pat a fork.  Poor Pat was getting nothing while  Mike was very busy.. When the  broth was about one-third gone Pat  said: "Arrah, now, Mike, you dig a  bit  now  and  I'll  shovel."  ter's feet without even cracking the  delicate shells.  Few people would guess that such  insignificant little fellows as white  mice, could be of any real service to  men. But as a matter of fact, ihesc  animals actually fill the role of life  savers in certain circumstances.  It may surprise you to know that  the utility of the white mouse has  even been recognized in an official  report. This took the form of a recommendation that these creatures  should be supplied for use in mines  as a test of thc purity of the subterranean  air.  They are kept in cases, and being,  very sensitive to any change in the  atmosphere, thcy show the miners  by their movements when danger is  approaching. When the mice begin  to ' exhibit any unusual excitement  or distress the miners know it is time  to get away before they are overtaken  by poisonous vapors, and many a  catastrophe has been averted by this  means.  In the tropical countries of the  world all sorts of animals are called  into service lor mankind. Monkeys,  with their almost human intelligence, are made much use. of. while  certain kinds of snakes are employed  in much the same way as we, keep  cats���������to rid the houses of mice.  But thc war has made one strange  spectacle possible in England. In  Sheffield an elephant may bc seen  drawing heavy loads along thc  streets.  Some Have to Keep on Until $  They Almost Drop.   How  , Mrs. Conley Got Help.  Here is a letter from a woman who J  bad to work, but was too weak and-suf-  fered too much to continue.   How oho  regained health :���������     ' $  Frankfort, Ky.���������"I suffered so much I  with female weakness that I could not  do my own work,  had to hire it done.  I heard so much  about Lydia E. Pink-  ham'a Vegetable  Compound that 1  tried it. I took three  bottles and I found  it;to be all you  claim. -Now I feel as  well as ever I did and  am able to do all my  own "work again.   I  recommend it to any woman suffering 9,  from female weakness. Yon may pub- J|  lish my letter if you wish. "���������Mrs. James '  Conley, 516 St. Clair St.,Frankfort,Ky.  No woman suffering from any form of  female troubles should lose hope until  she has given Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound a fair trial.  This famous remedy, the medicina.  ingredients of which are derived from  native roots and herbs, has for forty  years proved to be a most valuable tonic  and invigorator of the female organism.  All women are invited to writ������  to the Iiydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co., IJynn, Mass., for special  advice,���������it will he confidential*  The Lights  Of 65 Years Ago  Are still doing duty is  the shape of  Matches  "Isn't what thcy call 'the approach'  an   important  consideration  in  golf?"  "Vcry important. You've got to  have the kind of a job that will permit you to approach the golf links  early in thc afternoon."���������Washington  Star.  Granulafed Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by expo,  oure to Sua, Dust and Wind  quickly relieved by Murine  Eye Bemedy. No Smartinij,  just Eye Comfort. At  Vour Druggist's 50c per Bottle.. Murine Eye  Salve in Tubes 25c. ForBookohbeEyeFreeask  Praggists ot Marine Eye Semcdy Co., Chicane  George's horoscope, is encouraging  as regards thc prospect of complete  victory and final peace as thc year  draws to a close.���������Occult Review.  W.     N.     U.     1124  "How arc the incubators getting  along?" asked a friend of his neighbor, who had recently bought some.  "Why, all right, I suppose; but, although I have had them for two  weeks now, not one of the four has  laid an egg yet,"  A Hint to Chase Himself  Sappleigh:  Am   I  walking  too  fast  for you, Miss Ethel?  Miss Bright: Oh, no; you may run  ii you like.  Veterinary Report  The report of the Veterinary Director-General for the year ending  March 31, 1915, published by the Department of Agriculture at Ottawa,  lias just been issued. It contains  much valuable information regarding thc health of farm animals and  also various economic experiments  in connection with those, that have  been made during thc  year.  Statistics arc also given concerning diseases formed at establishments  under inspection. Of animals slaughtered at these establishments 3,560,015  were passed by the inspectors and  15,912 were condemned. Total number of portions of carcasses condemned was  1,158,962.  In this volunin arc also contained  provincial reports dealing with subjects of interest to all livestock men  and mixed farmers.  Thcjrc is also a long and exhaustive article on the rearing of foxes,  which is of interest to men engaged  in this industry, and also to' those  who\wish to engage in it or who desire general information on the subject.  How Docs Ivy Cling to the Wall?  At first, ivy is a little plant with a  brittle stem and leaves of three or  five lobes. As it grows the stem becomes less brittle, and if it finds  nothing to which to cling it creeps  along the ground, sending down  tufts of fibrous roots. These roots,  however, appear only when thcy can  bc actually used to thc advantage  of the plant. If the ivy climbs a  wall, its stem throws out a number  of tufted fibres, or claspe'rs, by thc  aid of which thc plant can cling to  the wall. These claspers arc really  modified roots, and do not penetrate  thc wall, but merely cling in sucker  fashion to thc irregularities of the  surface. They are produced from  all the parts of thc stem nearest to  the wall, but if the ivy is creeping  along thc ground the claspers, being  useless, are not produced at all. Thc  tufts of fibrous roots which the plant  throws out when it is growing on the  ground arc produced only from those  parts of the stem thai are opposite  to the leaves.  Thcy were homeward-bound from  church.  "According to thc minister's sermon this morning, said Mrs. Enpcck,  "there is to be no marrying or giving  in marriage in heaven. Do you believe that?"  "Well, I have no reason to doubt  it," answered Enpeck. "There must  bc some way to distinguish it from  the other place."  Sixty - five years ago  the first Canadian-made  Matches were made at  Hull by Eddy and  since that time, for  materials and striking  qualities, Eddy's have  been the acknowledged best.  When Buying Matches  Specify "Eddy's."  No Nutrition in "Straw Bread"  The "utter futility" of using ground  straw in making bread, as suggested  by German doctors, has been proved  effectually by a severe test made by  Dr. N. Zunst, the eminent Berlin  physiologist. The journal of the  American Medical Association says:  "His experimental subject was a  pig, an omnivorous animal even more  likely than man to exhibit a favorable digestive response to a crude  food product. - The outcome has  been that out of 100 grammes of finely comminuted straw flour an energy  value of not more than 30 calorics  became available, whereas the same  yielded 340 calorics in the same animal. In other words, the straw  'flour' furnished only one-twelfth of  the available energy that the same  amount of cereal did. Nor was this  all. The large bulk of thc straw induces secretion through the alimentary tract, resulting in an actual loss  rather than a gain of protein to thc  body." m^Trt*y-^i%&U^l>n*^-*^^'*^-$������***^<>J*ir  Tnn-* TT'TNiTTfirr-H'iiim-rTniiir  'ssf^S^WSt  '* ��������� ���������'?$&������  EHM,     GAZETTE,      HEDLEY.     B.     &  usiness Men as Farmers  Rjffih Equal   Advantage    the Farmer  !*Sp���������    Beats the Business Man  '|l   , -Every Time  r- ��������� -'  l-ou oftcn'-hcar it said that farmers  ���������E'ihv'not good business men! Many a  isir man spends a short vacation in  lt%},' country and comes back to lay  Maijvn the law about "business efnei-  "According" to him all these  S^fyners need is a business system���������  Vfil thc rest would follow that.    But  fit?*  Some Don'ts For Farmers  A   Few    Suggestions   on   Domestic  Economy  for  the  Husband  to Consider  Don't try to please your wife.  Don't appreciate one thing she  docs.  Don't help care for the children���������  that is what you got her for.  Don't ever plan your work so as  to be able to take her to any entertainment.  Don't bc ashamed lo read that the  majority of insane women arc farmers' wives. i-  Don't "get a bucket of water from  thc  cistern    when   asked. Anyone  can pump who half tries.  Don't fail to invite company for  Sunday dinner without letting her  know so she can have a day for rest.  Don't fail to ask your wife if she  wants you to do all thc housework if  she asks you to put some wood invthe  stove. . ������������������ ''���������"  Don't wonder that your food has, a  peculiar flavor, for it is seasoned with  blasted hopes . and ��������� sighs, of disappointment.        ," ' '������������������,.  Don't neglect asking what she has  done with all the egg and .butter  money, for it-will more than supply  the table, help pay. the hired man and  get thc children books and clothes.  about the business men who  .;e tried farming? Thousands of  K^m /have"' bought land and ,started  I^wning with abundant capital, scicn-  jfjff advice and--the finest of business  ������M������|iningk How many of them make  ;������ir ��������� farms pay even with their  ferough knowledge of business? If  R*-|sj!y. were forced to run a farm with  ^i& capital and equipment within thc  [ff.ch of thc average farmer they  , JK-uld .go bankrupt in less than a  tSar. '"Their business training is,  med on capital and credit always  Bfllthin reach, and as thcy well know,  |*{<en with this.advantage they fail'to  Pjjj'y.kc a farm pay a profit nine, times  ten. -With equal advantage and  IPjIkiipment thc farmer would ' beat  i"il|tyni every lime.  iS      -^���������~  ^���������rinard's   Liniment    for  pifii'   where.'  fi'i  There is more Catarrh In thl3 section of  lhe country than all other diseases put together, and-for years it was supposed to be  ncuiable., Doctors prescribed local remedies,  and by constantly failing to cure ���������with local  treatment, pronounced it incurable. Catarrh  is a local disease, greatly influenced by constitutional- conditions and therefore requires  constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh  Cure,- manufactured, by F. J. Cheney & Co.,  Toledo, Ohio, is a constitutional remedy, is  i-akcn iutCTnaily and acts through the Blood  an the Mucous Surfaces of the System. One  Hundred Dollars reward is offered for any  .rase that Hall's Catarrh Cure iaiU to cure.  Send for circulars and testimonials.  F.  J.   CHENEY  & CO.,  Toledo,  Ohio.  Sold by Druggists, 75c.  Milk As A Stimulant  my boy the  "I've    tried to teach  valuc of money."  "Good thing!"  "Well/ I don't know. He used to  behave for ten cents, but now he  wants  a  quarter."���������Life.  sale every-  Keen After Wool  PljJThirly-sevcn    cents      for-  medium  Mftmbing    firsts    in" Saskatchewan is  "jj/ing some.   It is the best record so  i'jr  on   the  American  continent     for  ^���������.ngc wool.    You can hardly call the  P?|iskatchcwan product anything else,  '"^r it has a range foundation behind  ;j .even though the flocks.may not be  t'irmed   strictly   range   sheep.   Arid  Jpo do you suppose were the buy-  Ift-s?    No  other than  Swift and Co.,  Me  Chicago  packers:       The packers  _:H the wool game���������what next! When  Isjuycrs  can pay that figure for we's-  jffitrn stuff,, the eastern men^ who sold  ]j$r 35'-.will feel kind of small.���������Sheep  'f&reeder, Chicago.  Oil for Toothache. ��������� There is no  pain so acute and distressing as  toothache. When you have so unwelcome a visitor apply Dr. Thomas'  Eclectric Oil according, to directions  and you-will find immediate relief. It  touches thc nerve with soothing effect and the pain departs at once.  That it will case toothache is another  fine quality of this Oil, showing the  many uses it has.  Raincoats Made of Paper  Inexpensive emergency raincoats  which can be folded up and carried in  a pocket or handbag are being made  to fill the need so sorely felt when  one is caught in a storm without  any form of waterproof protection.  These garments arc made in sizes  suitable for men, women and children, and come in two grades. Thc  cheaper article is made of. tough paper only, coated on one side, and is  designed to be used but once; the  other is reinforced with cloth mesh,  and with proper care can be worn  several " times.���������Popular Mechanics  Magazine.  i:eni  Healthy Babies  Properly, reared children grow  up to be strong, healthy  citizens  Many diseases to which children are susceptible, first indicate  their presence in the bowels.  The careful mother should  watch her child's bowel movements and use���������  Winslow's  Soothing Syrup  It is a corrective for diarrhoea,  colic and other ailments to which  children are. subject especially  during the teething period.  It is absolutely non-narcotic  and contains neither opium,  morphine" nor any of their derivatives.  French Soldiers in the Trenches Are  Given Milk Only as a Stimulant  One of thc most recent discoveries  of the Pasteur Institute of Paris has  to do with stimulating qualities of  milk. While milk has always been  considered an excellent tonic and  known to be exceptionally rich in  food value, it was not until the Pasteur Institute conducted a number of  conclusive experiments that the stimulus in milk became a known quantity. For a number of months, milk  has been given thc French soldiers in  the trenches and to many of them it  has been thc one and only stimulant.  The effect which thc milk has produced has more than justified the  claims which the Institute made for  it. '"������������������    '   ,.      ..���������'".'��������� '  It is , claimed that" the stimulating  effect of milk is especially notable  when given to -soldiers just before a  big battle or a dangerous charge, and  also when administered to the troops  .when in great fatigue. The advantage, of the milk stimulus over the alcohol stimulus so extensively advocated in previous years is that there  is no bad after effects; and the keenness of the "senses is in no .wise impaired nor the coolness of judgment  affected.  Thc knowledge that milk is a stimulant of no mean force'will-come as  something of a shock to those who  have hitherto considered it synonymous with all things mild and peaceful. It is somewhat difficult to believe that thc chief product of the  patient and gentle cow should- contain such an clement of forceful slinir  illation. But, as proof of thc contention wc have the word of thc world's  greatest research institutes backed  up by conclusive experiments in a  place where stimulation of the most  efficient sort is needed.  XCEL  *%.   XB^   BB   In  INSURANCE  COMPANY  AN EXCL US1 VEL Y CANADIAN COMPANY  ESTABLISHED 1890  Excelsior Policies Are Money Makers  M  iTCHEU,  ERCHANTS  470 Grain Exchange  WE GET RESULTS THAT SATISFY.  Write for market information.  NNEAPOLIS      WINNIPEG      DULUTM  James Richardson & Sons, Limited  GRAIN MERCHANTS  Western Offices      -       -       Winnipeg, Calgary, Saskatoon  Specialists in the handling of farmers' shipments. Write, wire  or  'phone   our  nearest  office  for quotations or information.  Bill your cars "NOTIFY JAMES RICHARDSON & SONS,  LIMITED," to insure careful checking of grades. Liberal advances  on bills of lading. Quick adjustments guaranteed accompanied by.  Government   Certificates   of  grade and" weight.  You will profit by Scndinir us Samples nnd Obtainiue our Advice as to Best  Destination before Shipping Your Grain, particularly Barley, Oats aud Rye.  LICENSED AND BONDED  Established 1857  Soothing Syrup  Makes Cheerful,  Chubby Children"  Soothes the fretting; child during  the trying period of its development' and thus  gives- rest and .  relief to both child and mother.  Buy a bottle today  and keep it handy  Sold by all druggists in Canada and  throughout the ivorld  ifc Nearly--every one of his friends had  ii^uffered    from    the  caprices    of the  Practical joker. ���������    Happily the joker  Mad weak points of his own.      One  -Ift>f .them  was a  dislike for night air.  ������Mpne  morning  about  2   o'clock  there  Eti^ame a tremendous thumping at    his  |j,Vjront;door.   The joker hopped out of  EMed,  opened his front window,     and  Kksahed out.    "In heaven's, name, What  Wis   the.'_ matter?"  he  said.-      "One  of  ll^our windows is open," said a man on  ij^he     sidewalk.    "Which     one?" said  [Mjdie  joker.    "The     one  you've  stuck  IwVour head through," was 'thc^reply.  m   .  . -������������������  ms  m  m  I  1$  It  Gets Attention-  First, because of its  wonderfully delicious  flavor-  Then again, because it is ready to  eat���������fresh and crisp  from the package.  But the big "get attention" quality is its  abundance of well-  balanced, easily digestible nourishment.  For sound health,  every table should  have its daily ration  of Grape-Nuts.  "There's a Reason"  Canadian foslum Cereal Co.. t/d,.  Windsor, Ont.  Maud: The young clergyman who  performed thc ceremony- seemed  dreadfully flustered.  Ethel:.Mercy, yes! Why, he kissed  the bridegroom and shook hands with  the bride.  An Easy Pill to Take.���������Some persons have repugnance to pills because of their nauseating taste. Par-  melee's .Vegetable Pills arc so prepared as to make, them agreeable to  the most fastidious. The most delicate can take them 'without feeling  the revulsion that follows the taking  of ordinary pills. This is one reason  for' the popularity of these celebrated pills, but the main reason is their  high tonical quality as a medicine for  the stomach.  W.     N.     U������     1124  Measuring" Hay in Stack  Rule for Measuring Hay- Which Has  Been  Proven  Satisfactory  Estimating the number of tons jof  hay in stack by measuring is often  resorted to when it is inconvenient  or impractical to weigh it. It is  impossible to give a rule for measuring hay which is entirely satisfactory. The following one has often  been used, states Professor E; G.  Schafcr, of thc Washington Experiment Station at Pullman, and approximates the correct weight:  "Width plus over, divided by four  and squared, then multiplied by the  length and divided by 512."  The above rules assumes that the  cross section of a stack may bc obtained by dividing thc width plus  over measurement by four and  squaring it. Stacks vary so much in  shape -that this cannot bc absolutcly  truc with all stacks. The above rule  also assumes that there arc 512 cubic  feet in a ton. The length of lime-a  stack has been built, the size of a  stack or flic amount it has settled,  also the kind of hay, all influence the  weight of a certain volume of hay.  The above or other rules should not  bc -relied upon unless it is impossible  to weigh hay when it is sold.  Problem���������Assume that a hay stack  measures IS feet wide, 26 feet over  (distance from ground on one side  up over thc stac-i-: and lo thc ground  on other side) and 30 feet long.  Thc solution would bc���������18 plus 26  equals 44; 44 divided by 4 equals 11;  11 squared equals 121; 121 times 30  equals 3,680 cubic, feet in 3,630 divided by 512 equals 7.09 tons.  A Sure Result  "If^ a farmer sold 1,479 bushels of  wheat for $1.17 a bushel, what would  he gct?"  "An automobile."  As a vermicide there is no preparation that equals Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator. It has saved  thc lives of countless children.  The Problem of the Useless Car  The problem in thc automobile  world today is -what to do with the  used car that has really outlived its  usefulness but secuis too good to  scrap." Manufacturers have- been  writing to dealers asking for suggestions. The man who can- find. a real  mission for thc used car will solve one  of the big problems of the day and  incidentally will win some fame and  a bit of fortune.  The average life of an automobile  is- from four to five years. It seems  wrong to throw a complicated machine of this age on the junk pile.  It may bc said that no solution has  ever been found for thc old piano  problem. Must it also be confessed that all the old automobile is  worlh'is merely what the old metal  in it will bring, or will some mcch  anical genius solve his trade's prob  lem?���������Minneapolis Journal.  The Farmer: Ah!*.There you arc!  Where have you been all this lime?  And where's thc marc I told j-ou lo  get shod?  The Hand: Shod! I thought you  said shot! I've just been a-burying  of 'cr.���������Sketch.  Turning the Tables.  '  An officer was cnjoj'ing his whisky  and cigar when in came his servant,  who said: "Any orders for    me    today?".  The officer said he would teach him  how to speak to his superior, and  went outside, pretending he was the  servant. The private then drank his  whisky and was smoking'' the officer's  cigar when a knock sounded and in  came thc officer, who saluted and  said:  "Any orders for to take, sir?"  The private replied:       .  "No; get off and wait till I've finished  this  cigar."���������Tit-Bits.  Minard's Liniment Co.��������� Limited. ..  Dear Sirs,���������-I had a Bleeding Tumor on my face for a long time and  tried a number of remedies without  anv good results. I was advised to  try MINARD'S LINIMENT, and  after using several bottles it made  a complete cure, and it healed all up  and disappeared altogether.  DAVID   HENDERSON.  Bcllcisle   Station,   King's   Co.,   N.   B.,  Sept. 17, 1904.  Mr.'Meaner-1 have nothing but  praise for the new minister.  The Deacon: So I noticed when  the plate was passed around.  In the Western Provinces It is said  that one in four of the owners ,of  farm lands lives outside thc municipality  in  which   his   land   is   located,  A Glory to the Allies  Spirit of Kitchener Survives Among  '��������� the Valiant Troops Which He ,  Formed  Lord Kitchener was a national  glory to our Allies on account of his  genius as a soldier and a military  organizer. By his high, strong, and  upright cha'ractcr, and by thc incomparable services which he rendered to  his country in many fields, he had become a sort of incarnation of England and her immense prestige. The  grave of Kitchener is one of thc most  illustrious that have been opened  since the beginning of the war. Thc  man is no more, but his spirit survives among thc valiaat troops which  he formed. Animatcn by this, far-  sccing, resolute and indomitable  spirit, thcy'will march with us to the  inevitable victory.���������Paris, Le Gau-  lois.  Harry and -James, brothers, were  in their playroom for a little recreation after supper. Harry hit James  with a stock. An argument, followed,  ancf in the midst of it thc nurse happened in with the news that' it was  lime for them to retire. James was  put to bed first. Thc nurse said:  "You must' forgive your brother before you go to bed. You might die  in the night." After a few minutes  elapsed James replied: "Well,.I'll forgive him tonight, but if I don't die  he'd better look out in the morning."  *V  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  Something better than linen and big; laundry  bills.     Wash   it  with  soap   and  water     All  stores  or direct.     State style and size.    For  25c. we will mail you.  THE ARLINGTON COMPANY OF  K  CANADA, Limited  ������8 J?raaer Aveano. Toronto. Ontario  "Wood's Ekospkodiae.  Tlie Great English Remedy.  Tonca and invigorates tho whole  nervous system, makes new Blood  in old Veins, Cures Kervous  Debility, Mental and Drain Worry, Despondency, Loss of F.neroy. Palpitation of the  Heart, Failing Memory. Price SI per bor, six  for $5. . Ono will pleRBe.Bix will cure. Sold by all  druEEists or mailed in plain pkg. on receipt of  Srice. Ke.\o pamphlet mailed free. THE WOOD  IEDICINE CO..T080HT0. OUT. (Firncriy WlndaojJ  THE NEW FRENCH REMEDY. Na1  N,2. M.S.'  THERAPBON ISs-SsS  trial s-jecesi, cures chronic weakness, lost vioor  &  VIM. KIDNEY.   BLADDER. DISEASES. BLOOD   F0IS08.  PILES     EITHER No. DRUGGISTS or MAIL (1   POST ������ CTt  roUGERA CO SO. BEEKMAN ST NEW YORK ot LYMAN BRO* '  TORONTO.    WRITE FOR FREE BOOK TO DR. LE CLKRO  Med Co.HaverstockRd.hampstead, London.En*.  rRVNEWDRAGEElTASTELESS'FORMOF   E-.SY TO TAM  THERAPION kssk������  CEE THAT TRADE   MARKED WORD  'THERAPION' IS OM  SUIT. GOVT STAM r AFFIXED TO ALL GENUINE PACKBTB.  Why People Feel Depressed  in the Cold Weather  Why is tiredness and lango.r so  prevalent just now? A physician explained that the cold of winter drives  blood from the surface of the body  to the liver. Normally one-fourth of  thc whole blood supply is in the liver,  and when more blood is accumulated  in that organ -'.everything goes-wrong.-  No better ��������� remedy, exists than Dr.  Hamilton's Pills, which are composed of such vegetable extracts as Mandrake and Butternut, and possess  wonderful liver stimulating powers.  Its a-marvel the way Hamilton's Pills  clear   the   blood   of   the   poisonous  America's  - Pioneer  Dog Remedies  BOOK  OX  DOG DISEASES  And How to Feed  Mailed  free  to  any  address' b7  the Author  H. CLAY GLOVER CO., Inc.  118 West 31st Street, New York  and of these, one in seven lives ouN h���������ors- Thcy put new life into worn  "      "' ' Over  one-half  of !ottt  sidc the province,  thc urban land  i  bodies,    build    up    the appetite,  s' held bv absentees hr'ms back a reserve of nerve energy,  that  is,   by  persons   living   outside ^e folks over Urccolddays^ win-  the Municipality.  let- and the depressing days of spring.  For your health and body comfort  gct a 25c box of Dr. Hamilton's  Pills todav.  Willie came to his mother with an  expression of anxiety on his face.  "Ma," he asked, "if a poor, hungry  little boy was to come lo the back  door and ask for something to cat,  would you give him that piece of pic  that was  left over from  dinner?"  "Yes, Willie, of course I would,"  said  the mother.  Willie's face cleared.  "All right," he said, "just wait a  minute till I run around to thc back  door.'f  io bowels till natural action becomes impossible,  and voli h.-u-c to go on taking your pills or salts indefinitely.  Compare Dr. Cassell's Instant Relief. This great tonic laxative  helps natui-;* by strengthening tho bowels, natural action is  restored   and a  euro  effected   which is   real   and  lasting.  Dr. CHAS. F. -FORSHAW, D.Sc, F.R.M.S., a well-known British  Scientist, wriles:���������" Never take Salines or Porgatives fcr Constipation���������  to fores Bowel action h to aggravate the trouble and create the  Constipation habit. I recommend as a superior and convenient  treatment Dr. Cassell's Instant Relief."  Take Dr. CasseU't Instant Relief for constipation, biliousness, torpid liver, sick headache,, dizziness, specks before, the eyes, flatulence  und v:indy spasms, acidity, heartburn, impure blood, end that dull,  heavy   fcelinu   whicli   is   a   sure   indication   of   liver   troubles.  Price SO Cents from all Druggists and Storekeepers,  or direct trom the eolc a sent a- for CUnacia.   Harolil  Co.,   Ltd., 10,   McCaul   Street,   Toronto.     War   'fa:  Br, cassell's Instant Relief is the companion to Dr. Cassell's Tablets,  P.   Ritchie-   and  ax,   2  eeuta extra.  Italy Confident of Victory  A New    Europj    to Be    Created in  Which Nationalities Will  .Be Free  Two years of this sanguinary tragedy have shown on the one hand the  crime of those who provoked it, and  on the other thc fact that all thc people arc making every sacrifice so as  not to lose thc liberty to live. Wc  arc entering the third year of thc  war, which without doubt will be thc  year of victory. With firm confidence in the power and bravery of  their armies, Italy, France, Russia  and Great Britain struggle valiantly  and approach inevitably the day of  their triumph. The German press  spends its time in enumerating thc  German booty, but the German people is now convinced that it has committed a tragic mistake, and would  like to close this adventure without  a very serious loss of prestige and  economic strength. As to Austria,  the arrogance of her dynastic caste  and her feudal army is already broken, her war power very seriously  comnromiscd. her nlan for Balkan  hegemony destroyed, and even her  unity is terribly threatened. Thus the  plans of thc two emperors arc broken  on the ruins of Prussian militarism  and Austria-Hungarian feudalism, and  a new Europe is about to bc created  in which nationalities will bc free,  peace will bc assured, and Italy will  have thc place to which she has a  right by thc sublime virtues of her  people���������Giornale d'ltalia, Rome.  "Must Avenge Our Children"  It is the German people, as incar*.  nated by their soldiers, who have  carried off our daughters of the  north captive and delivered them to  the officers of thc Kaiser. It is,  therefore, against the German people  as a whole that our race is making  war, and not against any fiction of  isolated Imperialism. The Germans  arc alone responsible for their crimes  and any other conception of the present war would only lead us to degradation, dupery and defeat. We  must avenge the children of Roubaix  and Lille���������avenge _ them without  mercy or pity. This is one of the  works of France during the war, and  for long afterwards.���������Le Figaio,  Paris.  Minard's  gia.  Liniment   Relieves   Neural*  A Curse and an Asset  In 1740, according lo thc records  of the cugenists, a woman was born  named Ada Take. Tuie lo her name,  she took everything there was to be  had in thc way of liberties and licenses. She died a confirmed drunkard,  and altogether she had 700 descendants. Among them were 100 children born out of wedlock, 181 women  of the street, 142 beggars, 46 workhouse inmates and 76 criminals. It  has been estimated that this- woman  cost thc country $1,200,000.  By way of contrast, thc Ladies'  Home Journal tells of an. Englishman, born in Queen Elizabeth's time  ���������a clergyman with a good wifr. In  thc year 1900 there had been 1,394  descendants of this family traced and  identified. Of them, 295 were college  graduates, 13 college presidents, 65  professors. 60 physicians, 108 clergymen, 101 lawyers, 30 Judges (one a  vice-president of the United States), ���������  75 army and navy officers,_60 prominent authors and 16 railroad and  steamship presidents.���������Calgary Herald.  Two bankers were talking about a  financier who  had failed.  "And did poor Joe accept his failure like a man?" asked the first.  "Exactly like a man," thc second  answered. "He blamed it on his extravagant wife."  Mmniim  ana -Min*).nuM������i������iiy,������������ nyg"  ������.������i������'^w^w-tf^������-'^'^'''*rf*''W^^  l  ii  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  Coleman & 60.  "The Big-Store"  General  Merchants  KEREMEOS, B. C.  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of all  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing lanci, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremeos, B.C.  Cbe Ibedley ������azetie  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year .':   ?2-00  "   (United States).  .... 2.50  Advertising Rates  Measurement, M lines to the inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch. 81.25 for one Insertion, 25 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over one inch,  1!! conts per line for first insertion and 8  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  $1.29; over 1 inch and.up to 4 inches, Sl-00  per inch per month. To constant advertisers  taking larger space than four inches, on  application, rates will bo given of reduced  cnargos, based on size of space and length  of time.  Certificate of Improvements...- .'. $10.00  (Where more than one claim appears  in notice, ������2.50 for each additional  claim.)  Ja.s. W. Gkieu,'Publisher'.  Hedley, B. C. Nov. 2, 1910.  "He who does me once, shame on him;  ��������� He who does me twice, shame on me."  Next Tuesday the   question  will be decided  whether the U.  S. A. is white or spotted; whether  bohunk      or      Anglo     Saxon  ideals arc to predominate.    The  Americans for  upwards'of half  cX   century  allowed   the lowest  class of Europeans to flock into  tho country without restriction.  These., have taken tlie place of  the  American  born   in   nearly  all industries, because they were  cheaper.    The  result  is that in  the United States 40 per cent of  the voting population is voting  from a European,  and not. an  American viewpoint.    In Canada we are following in the footsteps of the United States.   Canadians, who are fit for service,  are fighting in  Europe  to protect Europeans in  situations in  Canada,   and   many   of   those  Europeans  refused to join the  colors when called upon by their  country,   And still the cry goes  up   industries    are    hampered  through shortage of labor. It is  not a shortage of labor that tho  majority of employers  are concerned about so much as the kind  of labor. Many of the employers  on this continent do  not  care  so long as  their  employees do  not speak  and  thing English.  Today  the   United States  is a  national joke in  world issues,  simply because its pig employers  want larger  troughs,   and this  can   only  be attained   by  employing coolie labor.    In Canada   we   are  rapidly  enlarging  the troughs of a  vast   number'  of   commercial   and   industrial'  . .    . . , ...      . ,  , ....       ,,    .  ., ..   -time,    lii'itish     militarism   and  niga, who are willing  that JJrit-��������� . . .,    ,  ' ,������,' ,      ,,   ,    ������,     ���������   , L-      ��������� Hnt.ish    hale  are   things   that  ish born should do tho In  officers and men in thc Canadian expeditionary force was  52,070, according to figures coin-  piled by the casualty reeon'  office at Ottawa, made up a  follows:  Killed  in   action,,.-S13J ; die  of wounds, 3120; died of illness,  -152; presumed dead, 1009; missing, 1372; wounded, 37,393.  Royal Gwent Singers.  The Tame of Welsh choral  singing became world wide  when in 1S72 a mixed choir,  consisting mainly of Welsh village folk, under the leadership  of Caradog(G rifliith KhysJones),  won the Crystal Palace Company's $5,500 challenge-trophy  and a cash prize of $500. Thy  fame Avtis enhanced in the following year, when the same  choir under the same leader  again won the trophy, beating  the London choir, knowjr then  as the Paris Prize Choir, under  the leadership of Mr. Proud-  man. The" sons''of. the principality have over since maintained the.'fame and ever enhanced the standard established  and set 'by the Crystal .Palace  victories.  Of all the Welsh musical, organizations, the Royal Gwent  Welsh Singers has been the  first and foremost, not only to  maintain the fame, but to set a  standard to Welsh or any other  choral singing that has never  yet been excelled.  The visits of the Royal Gwent  Welsh Singers is,by no means a  new venture, indeed, it is now  a matter of history. Americans  were first shrilled by these  singers fro in the land of song  as early as 'J893, when two  choruses from Wales won first  prizes at the World's Fair, Chicago. The Royal Gwent Welsh  Singers stands���������and sings���������before the world today as the unsurpassed organization of its  kind, and, incidentally, as the  standard bearer through all  lands of the superiority of the.  Welsh nation as a nation of  singers. It would be a difficult  task, indeed, to analyze this  fact, but it can be realized more  easily by attending their concert in the Opera house, Thursday, Nov. 10th. *  Up to the Donkey.  Sandy McLeod and his donkey were well known in the  country which gave them birth,  and the two were on very  friendly terms. Sandy would  not have exchanged his cuddy  for the best thoroughbred in  the land.  Going out for a ride one day  recently he resolved to make  his moke jump a stream. He  applied the whip and the animal galloped to the edge of the  bank and then stopped so suddenly that Sandy was thrown  to the other side of   the water.  When he had sufficiently recovered from the shock he rose  and looked the donkey in the  face.  "Terra wool pitched," he.said,  ���������' hut lioo arc  ye  owcr ycrscl *?"  ���������'aun  tae get-  When the war is over Sir  Wilfrid Laurier means to fight,  and tho enemy whose shield he  is to touch with the point, not  the butt-end, of his lance is  British militaryisni. And now  Lord B.iyce is stripping to fight  the fell monster of British hate.  If these two doughty champions  had not announced tho warfare  they intend   to   wage   in   peace  isx&*3P ..'?r--s;^-'~'S-^.f?^^^^  ���������No rust can attack the flues because they are so thor-  cv.������hly aiuminized, and they economize nearly every bil  of heat.  *Rgnjie  Before you invest in a new range let me show you the  Kootenay's sensible ideas for saving time and labor.  808  Sold by Hedley Trading Co., Ltd.  S<  Better in design, better in execution and value than  ever placed on the market before'. Dolls of all kinds,  Carriages, Mechanical Toys, Friction Toys, Soldier  Toys; in fact'Toys of every description. The assortment is so large that we cannot display theni all in  the ,'window,   so   call   and   see   our   Show   Room.  T. H. ROTHERHAM HEDLEY  Hedley Trading 60, Ltd!  AND  HEDLEY  One- Night Only  Thursday, Nov. 16th, 1916  Fourth American Tour  The Finest Chorus of Male Voices in Existence  WINNERS OF THE HIGHEST HONORS  At the National Eisteddfod in Wales.  Reserved Seats, $1.25; Gen. Admission, $1.00; Children, 50c.  Seat Sale opens at Rotherhams, Friday Nov. 3rd.  Hedley Trading 60. Ltd.  HEDLEY GAZETTE  JOB DEPARTMENT  WHEN YOU ARE IN NEED OK   Letterheads  Billheads  Envelopes  Statements  Meal Tickets  Milk Tickets  Ball Programs  Posters  TRY US  Dodgers, Bates  Circulars  Invitations  Business Cards  Bills of Fare  Meriio Heads  Butter Wrappers  Visiting Cards  WE GIVE SATISFACTION  DR. J. L. MASTERS  nrcxTrsT.  OFFICE IN COVERT IS LOCK.  Oroville, Wash  FAINTING  PflPER-fiflNGING  KflLSOMINING  TERMS MODERATE,  Sfo fttbe������tot&  THOSE   WHO,   FROM   TIME  TO  TiME,   HAVE   FUNDS   REQUIRING  INVESTMENT,   MAY   PURCHASE   AT'PAR  DOMi  1C  ORE STOCK  IN  SUMS  OF  $500   OR  ANY   MULTIPLE   THEREOF.  DALY AVE.  ilEDLEY, B.C.  Tlie Nickel Plate  Barbershop  SATISFACTORY, SANITARY  TONSORJAL SERVICE,  This shop it equipped with  Baths anil all (he latest  Electrical   Appliances.  W.T. BUTLER,  ���������  Prop.  Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.  Interest payable hali'-yearly, 1st April an-1 1st October by c -:-que (free  of exchange at any chartered Bank in. Canada) at the rate of five per cent  per annum from tbe date of purchase.  Holders of this stock will have the privilege of su. r.;n:'ering at par and  accrued interest, as the equivalent of cash, in p^ymt:.!: of any allotment  made under any future war lo?vi issue in Canada other than an issue of  Treasury Bills or other like short date security.  Proceeds of this stock are for war parposns only.  A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and slock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications  for this stock which bear their stamp.  For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.  DEPARTMENT  OV FINANCE,  OTTAWA,  ..OCTOBER  7th,   1916.  NOTICE.  ���������fti'ti'ifc  ,   . , .,....���������.,., Ii.'ivo L'onc undreaiiipt of  and protect thou-  property and  by*|ie r08fc o������ the worid.~-i\Iuil  might  coolie labor on whom they are  saving a few cents a day in  cheaper labor.  The judges and editors of  of Manitoba have got into a  general mix up. From this distance it looks as if all the editors  were contemptuous and .some  of the judges contemptible.  Canadian Losses in. War.  Up to  October   11  tho total  number   of   casualties   among;  and Empire, Toronto.  Senate reform must come  from the people, not the politicians. It will come only when  the people realize that the  Senate is almost invariably  quiescent when the commoners  are doing something they ought  uot to do, and active mainly in  thwarting the will of the people and protecting vested 'interests.'���������Toronto Globe. I  LAND REGISTRY ACT.  (.Suction 21.)  In the matter of an application for  duplicate Certificate of Title No. H)2(ilii  issued to Henry Alexander Wln'llans,  covering Lot Tin dp (.'{), Block Seven  (7), Heady Cash Addition (Map 124);  Lot Seven (7), Block Two (2); Lots One  (l)and Two (2), Blo-rk Six (0), Eastern  Addition (Map 137) Hedley City (less  parcels since transferred).  Notice is hereby given that it is my  intention at the expiration of one  month from the date of first publication hereof to issue a. duplicate certificate of title covering the above lands  (lessparcels since U-.nsfei-red) to Henry  Alexander Whillans unless iu the  meantime I shall receive v- lid objections thereto in writing.  Dated at the Land Registry Office,  Kamloops, B. (!., this 23rd day of October, A. D. 11)10.  U, H. DUNBAR,  District Registrar.  Date of first publication, Nov. 2,1U10  Liquor Act, 1910.  I Notice is hereby given that, on the  j lirst day of December next, application  will be made lo lhe .Superintendent of  Provincial Police for renewal of thc hotel  licence to sell liquor by retail in the  hotel known as. thc Grand Union hold,  situate in Hedley, in the Province ol  British Columbia. Anton Winkler  Dated this Sth day of October, 1916.  NOTICE.  Notice  first clay, of December  NOTICE.  Liquor Acl.ilHIO.  Notice Is hereby-riven Hint, on tho first day  of Dec-ember next.JarM'llciition will bo Hindu to  the Superintendent of Provincial Police for re.  no will of the hotol licence to sell liquor by  retail In the premises known us thc Golden  Gate Hotel, situate at Fairviow in tin-Province  of Hi-itish Columbia. J. MUNRO.  Dated this 7th day of Oetober,������IUlli.  .Liquor Act, 1910.  is hereby given thai, on the  next, application  will be made to the Superintendent of  Provincial Police for renewal of the hotel  licence lo sell liquor hy retail in the  hotel known as the Keremeos Hotel,  situate in Kereincos. in lhe Province of  British Columbia. (Mrs) A. !���������'. Kiiiuv.  Dated this 5th day of October, 1916.  i .1  ���������i\  m  7-r  NOTICE.  SUBSCRIBE NOW.  Liquor- Act.' 1910.  .Notice is hereby given that, on the  first, day of December next, application  will be made to the Superintendent of  Provincial Police for renewal of the hotel  licence lo sell liquor t*y retail in the  hotel known as the (.'rent Northern hotel,  situate in Hedley, in the Province of  British Columbia, John Jackson.  Dated this 5th clay of October, 1916,  NOTICE.  Liquor Art, 1910.  Notice is hereby given thai, on the fu^t  clay of December' next, application will  he made lo the Superintendent of Provincial Pnlice for renewal of the hotel licence  to sell liquor by retail in the hotel known  as the Central Hotel, situate at Keremeos  (Renter ill the Province of British Cohui].  bia. Lk.si.ii-: Hltciiini's.  Dated this olh clay of October, 1916.  NOTICE.  Liquor Act, 1910.  Notice is hereby given thai, on the first  clay of. December next, application will bo  made to the Superintendent of Provincial  Police for renewal of the hotel licence to  sell liquor by retail in the hotel known as  the Alexandra Hotel, situate in Okanagan Kails, in tlie Province of British  Columbia. Aknott & Mink,  Dated this 6th day of October, 1916,  ^"���������"������������������'������������������������������������a'MIRffpFSr!!*?^.^^

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