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The Hedley Gazette Nov 16, 1916

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 ~-_ I  "S    '?  ,  '*    ���������       ���������*"���������- .������     -J ��������� *"  J  .  ������ r . J'  ���������*-���������. 1     .*r '  * '/���������  '���������'���������'v r  ������* /j  p# 'Use  ���������- >���������,.'-,,������������������'���������". V^'f-towSSri"  , -n' ��������� i. ^" ��������� v/v'n.'i.f- y^B"-  1 .-vSj^   .-'V-,   JLl.V������*  <     "������������������������������������-HH^a������;#f  . *   ,-   .--i'r"-*-r-^i*  -.' '*���������*.������������������*?��������� ���������o7'"-y-^4&  - ^ *- ^ ���������?..' .jv<-^-i^"'  e-QiWy  r  /,?������������������?���������:  {-'' r,-it,  'Volume XII.      Number 44.  HEDLEY, B: C, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 16, ��������� 191G.  $2.00, In Advance r*  JflS.GLflRKE  Watchmaker  MEDLEY. B.C.  H Clocks and Watches Tor Sale.  fravel by Auto..  3  Call up Phone No. 12  !A good stock of Horses and Rigs on  }    Hand.    11 Orders for Teaming  ftj promptly attended to.  a j     WOOD   FOR   SALE!  I  P/UA6&  iiveru, Feed & Sale Stables  [.one VI.  HBDLBY   B. O.  D. J.   INNIS  Proprietor  hVThOMPS N rilONE BKVMOUK 5941  MGR..WKBTKRN CANADA , 0  |{ammell Laird & Co. Ltd.  ' n Steel Manufacturers.  |t|| : Sheffield, Eng.  Fqpfflces and Warehouse, 847-63 Beatty Street  1|.V Vancouver, B. C.  Rj ___^  A.������ F. & A. M.  y, i**r REGULAR monthly meetings of  |f%y\     Hedley Lodge No. 43,-A. F. & A. M.,  Is";! are hold on the second  Friday in  fcmh month in Fraternity hall, Hedley. Visiting  1$ wthren aro cordially invited to attond.  '  S. & HAMILTON  W. M '    -  Secretary  L. O. L.  The Regular    meetings of  Hedley Lodge 1744 nre held on  tho  first and third Monday in  overy month in tho Orange Hall  Ladies meet 2nd and 4 Mondays  siting brothern aro cordially invited  W. LONSDALE. W. M.  It.A H. E. HANSON, Scc't.  F>. BROWN  British Columbia Land Surveyor  Tki- No. 27 .  "     P. O. Duawkii Ilk)  PENTICTON,*    .-      -      B.^C.  || ,. P. W. GREGORY  It    OIVIL  ENGINEER anu BRITISH  H'      COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR'  Princeton  If  *j    Star Building  C.   P.   HVSKl.NR  \I.TER  CLAYTON  GLftyTON & fiflSKINS  Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.  MONEY TO LOAN  PENTICTON,  B. C.  wu Opera House  it. I. JONES, Manager  large,  commodious  hall for  anoes or other entertainment.  rb'������te~������'������'tt"4MMtt'-tt*.ra*M**'<4Mfe'������-*a4-'  n  x  'c  I  Grand Union |  Hotel  X  I  X  HEDLEY,  British Columbia x  X  ��������� x    x  X  X  X  X  X  Letter From Bert Schubert  The following letter, dated  France, Oct. 8, was received by  Mrs. Win. Forbes last week,  Thursday last a telegram was  received by F. H. French stating that Pto. Schubert had boon  killed in action:  Dear Mrs. Forbes: This is  not a very roady answer to your  letter, which I was certainly  very glad to receive.  These notes which we send  from this part of the world, as  you * know, cannot be very  newsy; however, I can let you  know that so far we boys have  been pretty lucky; we have  not been on the firing line for  some time. Have moved to a  different part and will probably soon go in again.' We have  passed through some very fine  country in Franee, but as we  near the line again .things begin to look tough.  - We took some prisoners and  a machine gun where we were  before, and have had an opportunity" of seeing quite a few  specimens of Fritz since then.  France is sure a tine country,  but it seems to me they are  church poor, if there is such a  thing. Every .little village has  a million-dollar church and so  far as I can see no nice public  schools or buildings:  We had an interesting trip  from England to here; saw the  Aquitania and a lot of other  nice, comfortable-looking Red  Cross boats and trains.  I do not know whether you  will understand.or not, but if I  were to get hurt, all the boys  would be jealous of me. You  see they would send meback'to  England and ������ would at least  have dry feet for a long time.  Now that reminds me that I  have a. pair of Hedley-made  socks on now, and the ladies of  Hedley will never know how  much we appreciate what they  have done for us.  I often think of you people  back in that little town of  luxury. Yes, that is the right  word. Even if things do get  quiet once in a while, there is  sure to be plenty of pure cold  water to drink and there isn't  anj* poison gas or liquid fire in  the air. If you ever get .a  chance-to enjoy yourself, do so.  I . am glad I enjoyed myselr"  while in Hedley, because those  things aro all we have to look  back upon now.���������Bert.  lasts out this winter I lose my  guess. I don't think it can last  much longer. Don't worry  about me, for I am jake. Give  my love to father and the girls.  R. W. Robertson.  - President Wilson was reelected, and now the price of note  paper will soar.  ft. L. Jones...  A. F. Looiner,  A. J. King   A.  Beam   K. J ten tie v   For Rent���������Dec. 1, 191G, Neil  McLeod's house. Apply C. P.  Dal ton.  Pay your subscription now  before you forget.  MONTHLY REPORT  Hedley Patriotic Fund Committee  The Hedley Patriotic Funds  committee submit the following  I'eport covering collections made  for the month of Sept. If your  name 'does not appear your  subscription has not been received during the month. In  some cases subscriptions are  paid in advance and have previously been acknowledged. If  you are in arrears please hand  your subscription to the Treasurer. Collections made as per  list, month of Sept., $940.95. Of  this amount $16f.85 was subscribed for the Hedley Enlisted  Men's Fund. The balance,  $776.10, was subscribed for the  Canadian Patriotic Fund.  Following will " show the  amounts remitted to the Canadian Patriotic Fund:  October, 1914.... : $1001 75  January, 191G...-..  February, 191G....  March. 1916   April, 1916,   May. 1916   June. 1936   July, 1910   August, 1916   September, 1916...    3.30    ;t.7.*i    'J.(X)    4.00    :t.o0  A. W. Harper ;  3.o0  J. Gaare  :t.5()  .1. Jatnie&on 3.."30  XV.  Knowles   .*".00  XV. XV. McDougall  3.50  J. ilonnellv  3.75  T. L. Teiiy  3.50  Leo Brown  3.50  G. E. McOlnr-e  3.75  1). Uni-r-y  3.50  W.' I tobei-tson  3.75  Jos. Wliyte  3.50  F. Decario  3.50  11. Anderson  4.50  A. Appleton  3.50  N. Stechibhin  3.75  T. Bysonth:  4.25  L. Basso....,  3.75  J. R. Brown  4.25  E. Bei-?  4.25  J.' Ooirltliar-d ".. 4.25  J. Grieve _ 4.25  J. Galitzky  4.25  M. GrIIrs  4.25  11. Hainlily  4.25  J. A. Holland  5.00  J; Hancock   4.25  J\ HobbM'k  4.25  I?. Johnson  4.25  S.'Johns -  5.00  P. R. Johnson  3.75  C. G. Johnson  1.25  Li. Johns  1.25  O. Lindgien  2.10  James Clarke    2.50  James Ci itcliley  1 00  The Daly Reduction Co  200.00  R. J. Con-ip-nn  4 00  G Lyon    5.00  V Lyon  3 00  A. J. Mctiihbon  2.50  Friend ' 5.00  Mist. M Beale  2.00  E D Boeing  5.00  J Murdoch  1.00  JBuale....>  0.00  Dr. Elliot:    10.00  Bruce Rolls  5.00  Geo Sheldei-  3.00  TOWN AND DISTRI6T  597  00  772 00  752  75  747  50  747  95  79 L  85  7.37  15  747  50  770  10  - Reserved    seats    at   Rother-  liam's for Welsh  concert,  16th.  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  s  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  of Liquor and Cigars  A.  WINKLER,     Proprietor.  I^(������a-j-^^-^itKi������icit^KKa-As-x������CB(iW*ut  I*-  HEDLEY MEAT  MARKET..  ^  ' All kinds of fresh aud  Cured meats always on  hand. Fresh Fish on  snle   every   Thursday.  R.J. EDMOND, Prop.  N^  ���������REAT  NORTHERN  HOTEL  HEDLEY B.C.  Bar and Table the Best.   Rates Moderate  Plrst Class Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor  Bobby Robertson Writes.  October 23, 1916.  Dear Mother: Just a note  to let you know that I am still  in the land of the living aiid in  the best of health. 1 got a  slight shrapnel wound above  the right knee, but it is getting  along fine. I am in an Australian hospital and they sure  are a fine bunch of people. The  sisters can't do enough for -a  fellow. They make it just like  a home, and, believe me, it doos  one good, too, after being in the  trenches. Well, possibly this  time next year I will be home  letting you do the nursing. I  hope so, anyway.    If  the war  $7671 55  .  C. P. Dallox,  Sec.-Treas.  We  hereby  certify  that   we  have  examined  the  books and  accounts of the Hedley Patriotic  Funds  Committee and find the  above statement to be correct.  H. D. Barnes   ) a   v.  F. M. GrLLESPrK/All",tors-  I'AYKOLL   DEDUCTIONS,   SEPT,   1910.  W. Sampson  $ 5.00  M. L. Gezon     5.00  Fiiend  8.00  B. W.JCnowles  5.00    10.00    5.00    5.00    5.00   ���������.  3.50    4.50    0.00  L. S.  Mori is-on..  H. H. Messinper-.  W. Mitchell   O. Malm     J: Mar tin   K. O. Peterson..  G. Prideaux   Fred Pea fee   A.'Rawnsley.  ..  B/Rescoi-1   Geo. Ransom....  W. Ray   O. Rause   J. Roden   Ole Scieenes   W. J. Stewart...  Swan Sweedling..  Q. A. Selquisl   Osi-per- Sleen   W. AV. Savage. .  A. W. Vance....  J. Williamson.   .  F C Chapman   H Dogadin   C E Ei r'eson  ...  W. T."Grieves   A. Nyboi-g    \V. Trezona   T Bair-d   K Jackson   J Brown   J McCaulay   Joe Gerules   OTNoiuinn   G R Allen   A Anderson   J Thomas   o. to  4.25  1.S5  4.00  L25  5.00  5.00  3.75  4.00  4.25  ���������1.25  4.00  4.75  2.75  2.50  5.75  1.75  I.S5  3.7."i  3.50  4.75  3.75  3.75  3.75  4.25  1.25  3.75  4.25  2.00  1,25  1.25  4.25  3.75  1.50  1.25  1.25  Nickel Plate School.  Following is the report of the  Nickel Plate school for October:  Number of pupils enrolled, 15;  average attendance, 13.97.  Houor Roll���������Percy Ilambly,  Clifford Rouse, Lillian Sampson.  Standing according to merit:  Senior Third Reader���������1, Percy  Hainbly.  Junior Third Reader���������1, Wesley Messenger; 2, Willie Pearce.  Second Reader���������1, Elsa Johnson; 2, Lillian Sampson; 3, Margaret Rankin; 4, Mary Rankin.  First Reader���������1, Hilda Johnson.  Receiving Class���������1, Clifford  Rouse: 2. Esther Johnson; 3,  Catherine Rankin; 1, Agnes  Johnson; 5, Lucille Messenger;  6, Violet Pearce.  N. L. Dili,, Toachcr.  tli  Win. Lonsd  C. E. Prior .  A. Clare.  ...  S. L. Smith.  G. E. French  John Smith.  P. Murray...  P. G. Wright      4.00  C. A. Brown       4.50  V. Z.ickcrson   H, E. Hanson....  W. Mat hew   R. S. Collin   J. W. Wirth.....  W. W. Corrigan.  L. C. Rolls .......  R. Boyd...   P. MilleU....   H. F. Jones   T. C. Porleotis....  G. VV. Wirt-inen.  S. C. Knowles   T.   Henderson   H. T. Rainbow...  G.  Knowles.   G. Stevens...   T. li. Willey   J. G. Webster....  R. Clare   J. Hardman   M. McLeod.   4.00  4.00  4.00  5.00  4.50  4.50  3.75  3.75  3.75  5.00  4.50  4,50  ,4.00  4.00  4.50  5.00  4.75  4.00  5,0()  4,00  4.00  4.50  A Arney  1.25    3.75    4.25    :t.75    2.10    3.75    3.7.">    3.75    3.75    1.25    3.50  W Snyder  '.25  L Barlow   Otto Johneon.  G Leaf   A Leslie   T I> MoiriM>n .  T. Olson   A Olson   F Peterson   G Peterson....  T K Roust-   XV Wills   Richard Clare...  H. J. Jones   G G Bowernian..  R Sedlund   J. Watson   Geo Brown   H H Cameron...  S AGibb   WC Graham....  J MacKenzie.....  J S.-irsiield   VV Tims   1,25  3.50  3.00  4.00  3.50  3.50  3.50  4.25  4.25  3,75  2.10  4.25  4.00  D Winger..      1.&5  F Williams.  J Fife......  ROYAL GWENT WELSH SINGERS,  IIKDLKV���������TOWN I.TST.  W. J. Cormack.."   J. K, Eraser   G. P. Jones   Miss A McKinnon    Rev R Williams....   W J Forbes   G. A. Riddle   H. D. Barnes   C. P. Dalton   A. T. Horswell   F, M. Giile.-pie   A.  Winkler ...   ,1.  .iacksuii   T. H.  Roiherh.-iiti   W, T. Butler   ('. B.-i 111 Mill   G. Mi-Eai-lireii   Mis- Roche '.....  .l.'D.-Bra--   R. J. Edmond '. .  F. II. Frvneh      \V. A. McLean   Jus.   Slewall   Miss L. Beale   John M-iii hnfer   Miss E. Clare    4.00  2.00  3.50  5.00  20.00  2.00  2.50  4.50  3.00  5.00  4.50  3.00  10.00  5.00  5.00  5.00  3.00  1.00  5.00  2.00  5.00  3.00  5.00  5.00  2.00  1.00  5.00  2.00  The Military Hospitals commission at Ottawa sends out  tho following statement: There  were 2,081 soldiers under its  care at the beginning of this  month. Of these 426 wore at  sanitoria for tuberculosis, and  1616 at convalescent hospitals,  582 of the ��������� latter being outpatients, while 39 members of  theyforco _wore in :tsylnms for  the insane. Of the -126 I'.-mos of  tuberculosis, it may be added,  almost exactly half were discovered in time to prevent them  from leaving Canada for the  seat of the war.  According   to    a   statement  prepared by the Militia   department, up  to   October  oth, 1916,  the number of soldiers sent back  to Canada because  of  medical  unfitness  was   6208.    Of   these  916 were suffering from wounds,  shell-shock,   or   the   effects   of  gas;  122 were   insane; 245 were  afflicted with tuberculosis: while  the remainder, 48S0, were suffering from other diseases aud disabilities     All Canadians should  know what is being done hy the  Military    Hospital    commission  for    tlie   restoration    of   their  wounded   defenders  to   a position jof  self-support and  independence.    Every  disabled sol-  dior  is medicaily  examined on  arriving at Quebec.    If ho i.s no  longer in need of hospital treatment, lie is sent home  free  of  expense aud  discharged with a  pension  or gratuity according  to the extent of his  disability.  Men who cannot resume  their  former  work  are   advised and  enabled to take a  special training for new occupations.    This  is  provided free   of cost,   and  while the men are being trained  the dominion government maintains "them and their families.  Two towns, Niagara, Out.,  and Penticton, B. C, have,  through their municipal councils gone on record as favoring  equal pensions to disabled officers and men. Some of the  daily papers have referred to  the matter briefly, and correspondents have, of course, gone  fully into the question. Nothing conclusive has yet been advanced to provo that a disabled  officer is more valuable to tint-pun try than a. disabled private,  or that his sacrifice was greater.  Boeing & Brass are putting  new planking on the bridges her  tweeii Hedley and the railway  station. ;  Welsh Sihgers tonight.  Pte. Thos. Corrigan  roturnod  from tho Old country last week, .  having been invalided home.  A telegram was received last  week   by Mrs.  II. I Jones that ,  her brother, J. Howe had been;  wounded.   No particulars.  '  C. F. McKinnon   came in Sat-   ���������  urday from Aspen Grove "and  leaves today for Phoenix,where  he expects to spend the winter.  Francis Ivee returned a couple  of weeks ago after a year spent _.  in China, and has   reopened the",  laundry conducted by his father,"  the late Bow Kee.     ...       *     ' > _-,-;  Yesterday    Arthur,   Stanley.-"  found    a    purse   containing "a  small   sum  of  money. ��������� Owner  can get by calling at the house  opposite the postoffice. '  The weather has been cold in  town for  the  past  four or five  days, its low as 8 above. ������ At the *'  Nickel Plate it was  below zero  Sunday and Monday nights.   '   >  It was rumored in town a, few   '  days ago that Arthur Freeman    *  had  died  of  wounds.    Advices',.-'  to that effect have not been i'c--  ceived   in   town.     The   Hedleyy >  wounded   now   in    hospital,, or'T,.  convalescing are  M.J.   Meh'er, '���������-  W.   Liddicoat,  A. Freeman, R."  W. Robertson,   R.   Corrigan, M.  H. L. Jacombs, and Jack Plowe.  An Ottawa telegram to F. H.  French announced the death in  the trenches of Pte. B. A. Schu  bert.    Bert joined   the C. E. F.  from   Hodlpy  and   was   in  the  machine gun seet ion when, killed  lie was'2! vearsot; ojre and pre-  vious   to  joining the colors had  been in (he employ of the Hedley Trading company   and was  well known and   popular in the  district.    His  father, Mr.   J. A.  Schubert    of    Tulameen,    and  family  have  the  sympathy ot  all in their bereavement.  An     error   occurred .-in   last  week's issue in reference to contributions to the Hamper fund  at tho Nickel Plate mine.   Sixty  five men gave   $62   towards the  fund.    In   hist   week's issue the  statement" was  made   that $60 '  was raised, each   man giving 50  cents.     Such   mistakes    would  not occur if those in  a position  to give facts would'do so before  and not after tho paper is issued.  There is no dosirejl.o belittle the -  efforts   of  any   particular  parts  of the district.    Each one is doing his or her utmost, and many  are giving more   than they can  afford. The 5-cont piece is often  as  great   a  sacrifice   as the $10  bill. Both are insignificant compared  with  the sacrifices made  by those m the   trend lies.    This  is an empire struggle  in which  Hedley  and   the   Nickel  Plate  arc  not  even  fly  specks.    The  man or the woman   who is not  holping the empire in some way  is not even nuutral-is an enemy.  Welsh Singers tonight.  Tin  the  ������*-*;  ������.1  T<.  '.-1--1-'  e new governor-general,  Duke of Devonshire, has  arrived in Ottawa without being torpedoed. The Germans  appear to lie exceptionally able  appraisers of human values. A  couple of governors-general  have crossed the pond without  mishap: Sam Hughes several  times without even a detonator  being wasted on him; George  Kulus Foster circuinnavigated  the globe without tlie, newspapers being requested to keep  "muni;" and now Sir White has  readied England without being  blown up. Kitchener was loss  fortunate. Perhaps Fritz is  waiting patiently to get even  withthose twoemineritpatriots,  Sir Wilfrid "Limner and. Blatantv  Bourassa for iriducin'g  of .Quebec; to recruit  gam-fa  mam  stissm .'-,.(*.,xvU3.jr4Hr2^,a.w,i������^-M-Vi_  w..:r.^is.^<*,+^,i^������wtfw-a^'������.iy,iM^i*<^e&cr^^  '-'-   . -���������'-''''"      "���������"' .- 'A'.. ���������-    ��������� ���������,- -���������'''���������'.   -������������������   y-,".' *'".*���������'������������������"&".s  ,''. "<?.;���������  THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.     C.  1/ "  Russia's War Aims  Some good-natured idealists hope  to compensate Russia for Constantinople by the Persian. Gulf, pointing' out'arc very different from the  Brilliant Work of  British Airmen  By the London Times Correspondent  at  the British  Headquarters  Up to the very limits that the  weather makes possible, our airmen  continue their gallant and successful  work. Most eloquent on ibis subject  is an extract from a letter written by  and captured on a prisoner:  ". . . Each of us crouches in a  little hole that he has dug out for  himself as a protection against possible splinters and stares at nothing  but the sky and the black wall of the  trench, . . . and the airmen circle  over us and try to do some damage,  but only enemy ones, for a German  airman will not dare lo come here���������  far too much afraid���������only behind the  front a great crowd, and here not one  makes an appearance."  Another prisoner, a well-educated  man, discussed our air supremacy  freely, maintaining that it was not  owing to any inferiority in the German machines or men, but only to  the great extent of front which they  had to cover, both in the cast and  west, while machines had also lo  be sent to the Balkans and to assist  the Turks.  Eloquent again is one of our own  reports upon the subject" "Fifteen  indecisive combats took place, but  the hostile machines for the most  part descended as soon as engaged."  And this experience occurs again and  again.     The   German tactics, indeed,  days    in  The Briti*Blacklist    |pa|ns  ,n ^ jjj^  (^  Qf. r^  Aching Muscles Cured Quickly  that Constantinople is valueless so! which they used to sail in the upper  long as England holds Gibraltar and | air, to wait for our men and attack  the Suez Canal. A leader of the ; them from above as they came over.  Russian. Cadet Party has expressed I Now the enemy, still keeping well on  'himself as follows on this point: iliis side of the lines, tries to do what  "When our industry is sufficiently! observation he docs from low alti-  devclopcd for us to" send our wares ' tudes from which he can quickly get  to India and farther cast, then no down lo the ground,  doubt the Persian Gulf will become a I As for the fruits of the bravery  desirable object. But at present our'of our men, they are simply incal-  aim is to sell our grain to Italy and , culablc. There is never a clay of good  France���������and for that purpose we re-1 visibility, when, helped by aeroplane  quire Constantinople. We don't care ! observation, our guns do not make a  who guards the Suez Canal. Noth- j greater or smaller number of direct  ing but tlip possession of Constantin- hits on enemy batteries and destroy  oplc can free us from the g'-ip of the and blow up ammunition pits. Again  German boa-constrictor, and if we do ,:iud again, also, the air observation  not acquire it in this war we must trv.has guided them to break up countcr-  cw  vcars." From     the  attacks which might otherwise    hav~  Your Baby's  again    in  a   fev  Ductschc  rolitik,  German.  Long Standing Asthma. ��������� Many  have suffered so long from asthma  and have tried so many so-called remedies they think that there is no  real help for them. They should  read the letters received by the manufacturers of Dr. J. D. Kcilogg's Asthma Remedy from hundreds of cases  once as desperate as their own. Even  in-long-ncglectcd cases this famous  \   preparation brings prompt help.  'Russia After the War  Harold Williams, the special correspondent in Pctrograd of the London iChroniclc, and who 'is admitted  by Russians to know them bet.er  than they know .themselves, says:  "I am quite certain that after the  war there will be no  country- in  the  ' .' .-.'worldisb: energetic-and earnest as the  Russians..' v.For4 the war, in  spite of  '/     ~   their  sufferings and  losses,  is  a. real  joy to the Russians.      They are not,  mind "you, an aggressive people; it is  the greatest mistake in the world to ���������  look upon  them  as  a  predatory and I  rapacious   people;   but   this  war is  a]  joy    to    them,    indeed    it thrills the :  whole nation, because it is a war of  deliverance.     They  arc   throwing   off  a  disease.    And in  throwing off this  -liscase'thcy arc feeling the delight of  returning health.   They see now what  they must do, and they arc confident  that they have the strength to do it.  The evolution of Russia will be something extraordinary and splendid."  "Why," said she, "it's all nonsense  to say" a woman can't buy her husband's cigars. As for .me, I never  riave the least difficulty."  "No? What's your system?" she  was asked.  "I just take aiong a sample stump,"  she said, "and there's never the least  trouble about matching the shade!"  been serious, and to find and scatter  columns of men or transport on the  road.  Domestic "Water Supply  An abundance of good well water  is readily obtained almost anywhere  in Western Canada by digging, driving or drilling. The cost ranges from  $2 to $3 per foot completed. In many  sections springs abound, and the reports are continually being received  from well drillers and others to the  effect that they have, during the  course of their operations, secured  heavy flows of artesian well water.  Western Canada enjoys the reputation of an excellent domestic water  supply.  Cheerful, Chubby Children  Make the Home Happy  .. Weak, puny babies are a constant  care to tired mothers and are subject  to many diseases that do not affect  healthy children.  Keep your children in good health.  See that their bowels move regularly  -especially during- the teething-period.  This i? a distressing time in the life  of every child and the utmost precaution should he taken to keep them  well and strong.  By the consistent use of  Mrs. Winslow's  Soothing Syrup  j; is possible to avoid many childish  ills- now so prevalent.  It i" a corrective for diarrhoea, colic  :r.-J other infantile ailments. It soothes  the ficiting- baby and permits the  child lo sleep well and grow healthy.  It brings comfort and relief to both  child and mother.  Government Only Carrying Out  Plain Duty in Enforcing  the Policy  The policy of the blacklist was that  this country thought it reasonable  that its property, its system of credit,  and its system of shipping should not  be placed at the disposal of its enemies. If a man was quite clearly  j an enemy of this country, whether or  not technically a German, Austrian or  Turk, wc said we had a right to forbid our own subjects to trade with  him, because by so doing they were  assisting the enemy and increasing  his power to kill our own soldiers.  That was a broad principle, he  thought, incapable of being attacked.  He did not believe there was any  country, including the United States,  which, if engaged in such a contest  as wc now were, would hesitate to  carry out a policy of the same kind.  It was quite plain that when a criminal offence was created public notice must be given of the persons who  must not be dealt with. People could  not be left to find it out by possibly  receiving a summons through a police court for transgressing the law.  That was the reason for publication.  When the policy of this country was  understood the criticisms on it would  be seen to be quite misconceived,  and it would be recognized that in  doing what they had done the government had only carried out their  plain duty.���������Lord Robert Cecil, in the  British  Parliament.  Aug. 23.  Even Doctors Marvel at the  Penetrating Power, of  Good Old "Nerviline."  Pains anywhere���������in the chest, neck,  side, back or muscles���������they are always a discomfort.  If the inflammation is severe, the  pain will be intense. If allowed  to continue, complications will follow.  Physicians       say  one  of ,thc  best remedies  is "Ncrvi  line"���������it can't help curing, because it  penetrates   through   the  sore   tissues,  carrying  healing properties  that destroy every symptom of pain.  In case of colds, sore chest and  pleurisy, Jicrc should _ be a good  hand-rubbing with Ncrviline, and, of  course, to prevent the trouble coming back, it's advisable to put on a  Ncrviline Porous Plaster, which,    by  absorption    through the skin,  draws  out all congestion.  For general household-use, for  curing the ailments of the young and  old,- for destroying all pain, outward .  orSnward, nothing can excel Ncrviline; 'thousands testify to this effect.-  For nearly iorty years Ncrviline  has been a renowned and trusty remedy in thousands of homes where  practically no medicine is needed.  Nervilinc is safe  to use. For children's coughs,  colds and sore  throat nothing can  be used* .with more  certain results.  Get  the large SO cent  family.size 1  bottle- today.    It is more economical sf  than the 25 cent trial size, and is sure 1  to  keep' down  the doctor's bill' and  cure a host of minor ills- that arise  in every household.  All dealers sell Ncrviline, or direct  fromThc Catarrhozone Co., Kingston,  Canada.        ��������� -. '  Canadian Druggists���������  Attention  There is something .about  Grape-Nuts food that brightens one up, infant or adult,  both physically and mentally.  What is It ?  Just its delightful flavor,  and the nutriment of whole  wheat and barley, including'  their wonderful body and  nerve building mineral elements !  A crisp, ready-to-eat food,  with a mild sweetness all its  own; distinctive, delicious,  satisfying���������  Grape - Nuts  "There's a Reason"  Canadian Postum Cereal Co., I4td,.  Windsor. Out.  There i- more Catarrh In tliii section ol  (lie ccu'itiy than all other (lipases put to-  f'tliui, aud for years it was supposed to ba  incurable. Doctors prescribed local remedies,  and by constantly failing to cure with local  treatment, pronounced it incurable. Catarrh  is a local disease, greatly influenced by con-  ���������tilu tion.il conditions and therefore requires  constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh  Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co.,  Toledo, Ohio, is a constitutional remedy, is  .-aken internally and acts through the Blood  an the Mucous Surfaces of the System. One  Hundred Dollars reward is offered for any.  .lase that Hall's Catarrh Cure fails to cure.  Send   for  circulars  and  testimonials.  F.  J.   C1IENKY  &  CO.,  Toledo,  Sold  by  Druggists,  75c.  Hall's Family Pills  for constipation.  Ohio.  /  An Age of Luxury  Wheri Thrift is Sacrificed for Luxury  it is a Day of .Evil Foreboding  An age of luxury is always an age  of decadence, writes John A. Slcichcr  in Leslie's. When the simple life is  given up temptation begins.  When a man or a woman sacrifices  thrift for the love of luxury it is a  day of evil foreboding, for the love  of luxury puts a premium on discontent.  A taste for luxurious food and  drink is followed by a desire for expensive garments, silks, satins, laces  and jewels, things that add nothing  essentially to comfort or the joy of  living.  The story of the decadent nations  is always the same. When the simple  life was abandoned an era of luxury  set in and extravagance drained the  nation's resources.  Right living went the way of plain  living. Luxury, extravagance and  vice follow each other in natural sequence.  A luxurious nation finds its resources swept away, its patriotism  sacrificed lo effeminacy and its physical well-being to the common vices  of mankind.  Thoughtful men in this day of abnormal prosperity are endeavoring  to impress the lesson of thrift on the  American people, but the drift is all  the other way, here and everywhere.  It has always been so.  It is a situation full of danger and  the oft-repeated warning is given  in the hope that some may listen and  profit, though many scoff and suffer.  mslow s  Soothing Syrup  Makes Cheerful,  Chubby Children  Is absolutely non-narcotic. It contains no opium, morphine nor any of  their derivatives. It is soothing, pleasant and harmless. For generations  mothers in all parts of the world have  used it and millions of babies have  been, benefited by it.  Buy a. bottle today ant-  have it hnndy  Relieve and Protect Your Children  Sold by all druggists in Canada and  throughout the ixiorld  Minard's   Liniment  where.  New Recruiting Regulations  The new plan, which is'nowfinder  consideration by the Dominion Government to stimulate recruiting la locomotive  through a national'service .committee will call for close co-operation  between those in charge of the actual recruiting and those directing the  output of munitions and the employment of labor for the manufacture of  munitions.  * The new body which is to have  charge of the work will be representative of all Canada, probably of each  military district, and while there will  be close local supervision of recruiting, there will also be a general supervision based upon a comprehensive plan.  A big -advertising campaign is  about to start in the Canadian newspapers and magazines on  Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup  This campaign will greatly increase  the sales of this well-known product  and if you wish to share in the profits which will result from this advertising, you must see that you are well  supplied with a sufficient stock of  Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup. The  demand for this soothing syrup has  increased with leaps and bounds  throughout Canada within the last  few months, and with advertising  such as is in this paper you should  be able, if you have a sufficient supply, to increase your business. Your  jobber can supply you, or you can  secure your stock from the Canadian  distributors, the Wingate Chemical  Company, 545 Notre Dame St., Montreal,  Canada.  Weeds on Railroad Tracks  In order to check the growth of  vegetation along railway tracks, a  weed burner has been designed  which accomplishes the work reasonably quickly, and at an expense  that is not prohibitive. Gasoline is  used as fuel and supplied from a tank  mounted at the top of the contrivance, which is carried on a low truck.  Burners arranged so that they extend  across and along the ground are held  yery close to the ground, enabling  the flames to come in contact with  the weeds. The central part of the  device is covered by a shield which  fits over the burners and prevents the  heat fro'm escaping into the atmosphere.    When in use it is pushed by  It is Wise to Prevent Disorder.���������  Many causes lead to disorders of the  stomach and few arc free from them.  At the first manifestation that the  stomach and liver are not performing their functions, a course of Par-  melee's Vegetable Pills should be  tried, and it will be found that the digestive organs will speedily resume  healthy action. Laxatives and sedatives arc so blended in these pills  that no other preparation could be so  effective as they.  for   sale   every-  A milkman was proceeding home  after his labors, when he was accosted by a recruiting sergeant, who asked him:  "Wouldn't you like to serve your  King? It would be the making of  you."  "Sure," declared the expectant  milk carrier. "How much does he  take each day?"  W.       N.       U.       1126  Extravagance Spells Failure  Every extravagance means so much  money diverted from the prosecution  of the war. Every extravagance  means a corresponding fafhire to'prepare ourselves for the economic battle that will follow the termination of  the war. The nations which will  emerge mos.; triumphant from this  colossal struggle���������we are not speaking of the actual clash of arms, but of  the whole clash of nations that will  ! last as long as we and our children  \ live���������will be the nations that have  jmadc the heaviest sacrifices for the  war. That is where the permanent  'greatness of France is secured. Every  indulgence now means a longer war  and reduced power of offensive after  the war. If we can lay fast hold of  those very obvious truths in examining the history of the second year of  the war, then we shall face the future in a spirit of yet more ro.bust  hope and confidence.���������Editorial in  The Times of India,  Father: Now, Harry, I want you  to be good while I am at the office  today.  Harry: I'll be good for a nickel.  Father: See here, young man, you  are to remember that you cannot be  a son of mine unles you arc good for  nothing.  This is to certify that I have used  MINARD'S LINIMENT in my family for years, and consider it the best  liniment on the market. I have found  it  excellent for horse flesh.  (Signed) W. S. PINEO.  "Woodlands," Middlcton, N. S.  A New Wheat to Be Introduced  Dr. Saunders, chief ccrcalist, Canadian Dominion Government, well  known as the man who produced the  now famous variety of wheat known  as "Marquis"���������one of the earliest-  maturing and heavy. . yielding hard  spring wheats in existence, which has  won more big grain prizes than any  other kind���������as well as another very  early variety known as "Prelude,"  stated, in an interview at Lethbridge,  that he hopes soon to introduce another new kind. It is beardless, and  will ripen about one week ahead of  Marquis and will giVe about seven-  eighths of the average yield of Marquis.  German Brutality  Gross Departures from the Law  of  Nations and the Dictates  of Sanity  "A terrible day of wrath awaits  Germany, when, the nations of the  earth have time to reflect upon the  methods of German warfare, and  when tliey are not afraid of being  dragged into it as participants of" its  horrors."  Thus writes a Dutcii statesman in  a powerful comment upon the indictment that France brings against  German officers in their treatment  pf French non-combatants in the occupied territory of their enemy.  The -full story, with affidavits and  other documentary proof, and in the  meantime the summaries that arc  presented to the public already arc  so shocking in their inhuman significance thai it is difficult for the human mind to conjure up grosser departures from the law of nations and  the dictates of sanity.  Wc can only submit a few instances of German brutality. They must  speak for themselves without further  comment:  In the Aisne Department a farmer  who did not want to work was undressed and sent, almost naked, into  the fields under rifle and shell fire;  with his^ eyes ��������� bandaged and his  hands bound. He was left there for  a day a,nd then taken as a hostage to  Germany.  Many witnesses declare that at different places, particularly in the Departments of the Aisne and Pas-dc-  Calais, the inhabitants were forced to  work in the trenches.  A youth of sixteen states that in  October, 1914, he was forced, with  some,fifty comrades; to do trench  work in the Plain of L���������1-���������-, in the'  Pas'dc-Galais, for , six days. They  were then taken to L���������-���������.where the  Germans used them-as shields. Forty  of them were killed. The witness  was wounded by the : splinter of a  "75" shell. ���������������������������-;   The practice has been extended to  Lille and the district, as is shown by  the correspondence exchanged between the Governor and the Mayor  of  Lille.  Air Raids a. Failure  Statistics' of Zeppelin Raids Demon*  o '  strate Futility of Kaiser's'  Air War  Iii thc_- last  two years  there have |  been 41 Zeppelin raids on England��������� <  23 in^ 1915 and 18 in 1916, including  the latest one.  . ,. -  In these raids three Zeppelins .are ,;  taken    as  the average    number and  three tons  of explosivSe and incendi-,  ary_ bombs- allowed as  missiles,  supposing each bomb weighs 50 pounds,  we have approximately*15,000 as the J  number     dropped on  England or in  the^ North Sea in the last two ycars^,  The number of casualties aggregate'^  356  dead  and*- 980 wounded.       This'-"  means that it takes more than a ton  of German bombs for every British .  man, woman and child who has been j]  killed.  Since   the warN began it  has been  definitely     reported     that     fourteen  Zeppelins    have been   wrecked; ' the-'jL  real number is probablymuch larger, rj  It is estimated that it costs at least "a  $250,000   to  build  a' Zeppelin.,   This  means  that $3,500,000 * is  the amount -  the  Germans have lost through  ' tho ���������  wrecking; of Zeppelin's alone.  '  Wise mothers who know the virtues of Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator always have it at hand,  because it proves  its value.      ���������".'  Fifteen pillion Letters  Each Day in British Mail  WOMAN SUFFERAGE.  Its War -Time Aspect.  Spoiled His Luck  Boosey Bill: "Once I was in a fair  way of making a fortune. But a  labor saving device ruined me.  The other Boosey (lazily): "Speak  on, Macduff."  Boosey Bill: "I was getting on  nicely as a barman in a saloon, when  the boss bought a cash register."���������  Ideas.  Mrs.Sheldon Spent $1900 for  Treatment Without Benefit.  FinallyMadeWellby  Lydia E, Pinkham's Vegetable Compound.  Englewood, 111.��������� "While going  through the Change of Life I suffered  with headaches, nervousness, flashes of  heat, and I suffered  so much I did cot  know what I was  doing at times. I  spent $1900 on doctors and not one did  me any good.' One  day a lady called at  my house and said  she had been as sick  aslwa3 atone time,  and Lydia E. Pink-  ham's Ve g e t ab1e  Compound made her well, so I took it and  now I am just as well as I ever was. I  cannot - understand why women don't  see how much pain and suffering they  would escape by taking your medicine.  I cannot praise it enough for it Baved  my life and kept me from the Insano  Hospital."���������Mrs. E. Sheldon, 5657 S.  Halsted St., Englewood, 111.  Physicians undoubtedly did their best,  battled with this case steadilysand could  do no more, but often the mo3t scientific  treatment is surpassed by the medicinal  properties of the good old fashioned  roots and herbs contained in Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable Compound.  If any complication exists it  Says to writ������ the Iiydia E. Pink-  am Medicine Co., Lynn, Mass.,  for special free advice*  British   Post    Office   Never   Before  Handled Such Heavy Mail  Fifteen million letters travel every  week to and from the British Tommies' fighting fronts in France and  elsewhere. This is the biggest continental postal bag that the British  post office has ever had to deal with,  'ft works out at something more than  trirce letters- per week per man of  the whole fighting  force abroad.  All mail matter for the troops is  handled at the home base in London,  ���������where sorting is done. Of the fifteen  million letters referred to, ten arc., dispatched weekly to the front and five  million received. In addition, 750,000  parcels arc sent.  Three special trains leave London  daily with army mail only. It takes  three days for letters to reach men  in billets in France and four days to  reach soldiers in  trenches.  At each port on the other side  members of army postal service are  on the spot to sec that the mails arc  put into the supply trains. The trains  then leave for the rail head, where  they are dispatched to the refilling  point by motor vans. Postal orderlies  carry them forward by horse transport to the billets and trenches.  London, Eng.   The women of England 'i  are doing then: duty.   They are taking*,  care of the wounded, or if they cannot-.  assist in work of that kind they are adding  then- savings to promote the good work.  They are -knitting and sewing for the  soldrers at the front-.   The s:iffragists have  given so-little trouble to the government i  that it will undoubtedly soften the hearts.:,'?!  of those.in Parliament, since the "mili- ya  tants" haveturned all their energies to ^  aid the fighting men of' England, and  so sufferage may soon come after this  terrible war is oyer. . -",.$  Thousands of women in Canada have ]j  overcome   their   sufferings,    and'^ hays  been cured of woman's ills by Dr. Pierce's.'  Favorite Prescription.   This temperanca.  medicine, though started nearly half-:-.������  century  ago, sells most widely .to-day,  because it is made without alcohol5 or  narcotics.   It can now be had in tar-'efc  form as well as liquid, and every woman *  who" suffers  from  backache,   headache,  nervousness, should take this " Prescription" of Dr. Pierce.   It is prepared from -  nature's roots arid herbs and does not  contain a particle of alcohol or any. nar-,  eotic.   It's not a secret prescription for,  jits ingredients are printedan wxapperyy;  Mimy a -woman is nervous and irritable, feels dragged down and worn put:  for no reason that she can think of. la  ninety-nine per cent, of these cases it  is the womanly organism that requires  attention; the weak back, dizzy spells,  and black circles about the eyes, are only  symptoms. Go to the source of trouble.  When that is corrected the other symptoms disappear. .   "  Minard's  ralgia.  Liniment    Relieves    Neu-  St. Thomas, Out.���������"I wish to say f<*  the benefit of other women who suffer  that I recommend Dr. Pierce's Favorite  Prescription as a great help. I .havo  personally recommended the same to  many who in turn have been helped a  great deal by its use."���������Mrs. F.'J.  Bowden, 19 Oliver St., St. Thomas, Ont.  A motorist had had. a mishap, and   j  was underneath the car executing repairs, when a rustic came along, and,  after staring vacantly at the .car,  walked slowly round, it several times.  "Well, my man, don't you know what  this is,?" the motorist asked, sharply.  "It's a motor car," said the rustic.  "Not at all, my man," snapped the  owner, "it's an automobile." Tho  rustic still stood staring. At length  he said: "Oi say, guv'nor, d'you know  what this is on my shoulder?" "It's  a scythe, of course!" was the reply.  "Oh, no, it ain't!" said the rustic. "It's.  an ought-to-mow-grass, but it won't."  Can you  Where "Anzac" Was  Derived  Many newspaper readers have wondered just why the troops from the  Antipodes came by their popular  nickname of "Anzac." Reference  works have been ransacked without  shedding any illumination on the  mystery, but an explanation is forthcoming. In the introduction to the  volume bearing the title of "The Anzac Book," Lieutenant-Gcneral Sir W.  R. Birdwood says that the appellation  of "Anzac" is purely arbitrary in its  origin. "When I took the command  of the Australian and New Zealand  Corps," explains Gen. Birdwood, "in  Egypt I was asked to select a telegraphic code address for my army  corps, and then adopted the word  Anzac.'" This code word was popularized when Gen. Birdwood, after  .anding his forces at Gallipbli, .named  the beach whereon they debarked  'Anzac Cove."   ������������������������������������','..-.  Employer  hand?  Applicant:   Oh, yes,  only  me longer.���������London Notes..  write short-  it takes  iliiiiii  A^J������*LX'-'>.' &fo ''"!:���������:''���������:-J���������'���������.'��������������������������� ^ :' v.-'."���������?*"'**:.''i>, v.'rvv'.i-"f  A  UMiliTir -V"    ���������   *  ^^rrzx^-JXtt*x���������^n^T7,T*���������l-^���������  THE     GSZETTE.     HEDLEY,,    B.     d  ���������NEMY TREATS PRISONERS OF WAR  MOST-REVOLTING MANNER  NTOLERABLE EXPERIENCES OF BRITISH CIVILIAN  . ���������*  tSir Timothy Eden, Who Has Recently Been Released From a' peHrr.   Neutral    captains  _l _. t-v -i        -tt'    r-> ��������� arriving   at   certain   east  German Internment Camp, Describes His Experiences  During the Time He Was the Forced Guest of the  m  Cultured Hun  |p  |s'  itl  I'I  h        ���������  Sir Timothy Eden, of Windlcslonc  Ij^all,    Fcrryhill,    Durham,    has now  :en in England for several days, af-  ,U-r a year and a half in  German in-  Jrnmenl camps, at Rastadt and Ruh-  {bcn.    He told his experiences to the  ime-s.  After    the    outbreak    of    war, Sir  mothy Eden had for a time to rc-  rt    periodically    to the police, but  iter he was arrested and sent for inurnment at Rastadt.    He was    there  rS.tr six days, and then he was sent by  ifviil to Berlin, where, with his    com  mons, he was placed in_ Plollagcn-  c   convict   prison.     Their   quarters  ere those in normal    times    of the  'orst  type of criminal.       Each man  'as placed in a strong wire cage, six  ct long, three feet nine inches wide,  id  about     six feet high,    aud  they  ere thus shut off from one another.  The corridor between the cages was  lied, "Bird Cage Walk." The ward-  s treated the prisoners as convicts,  id they were only allowed lo excr-  sc in the prison yard in single file.  heir  food  was   the  ordinary  prison  el,- most  of it  being  distinctly  unsalable  or  hot  fit  for  human  con-  "funpt'ion.    After ten" days th'ey were  transferred  to   the   cells   for  a   short  '���������fcriod,    where they had    more comforts.  l}( "The     conditions,"     Sir     Timothy  fCdcn said, "were absolutely horrible,  'f'nd though wc had not much to look  jr'urward    to,  we    were    rather  glad  j^hen   the   order   came  for  us   to  be  '���������Jent to Ruhlebcn.    The fact that we  (���������thiglish, of whom the Germans were  rvvpeaking in  the most complimentary  {f,f.'*L&"is before the    war,    had decided  ,-o--'    enter     the  struggle,   completely  jlurncd the scales against us, and we  li ,ad to suffer more than the others."  Ji Sir   Timothy's   first  experiences  at  jfKuhleben were not calculated to give  'jiim much encouragement,    however.  The    site    of    Rjihleben    internment  ���������^amp/was formerly a racecourse, and  jJhc stables of the racing horses were  lhe inhabitations of the prisoners.  jf  "Whatever    wc    wanted had to be  provided by    ourselves, and we were  Jjgjivcn nothing    extra    unless    it was  ,3aid for.    In addition to the stables,  ,|lhcre    were    a  number     of  wooden  ishantics, which were dignified by the  aiame of 'barracks.'    Little light was  ^provided,    except what    the inmates  Khcmsclvcs  could  improvise, and   the  iNconditions   were  altogether  most  in-  Kitolerable."  hi   On his arrival at Ruhlebcn on Nov.  ������j58, Sir Timothy was sent -into a sta-  Kblc   lift  with   five  others.   The   place  '���������was six _or eight yards in icngth, and  P^six feet wide, and for a considerable  X&ime  they  were  obliged  to  sleep  on  jTistraw beds.   Three months later they  J'Jwcre given belter    quarters, but still  IJ\ their straw beds went with.,them. In  ' jthat\ way  they existed until the day  :o( Sir Timothy's leaving the camp in  .'exchange for a German,  'j    After, the. recent  stir in     England  J regarding   the  manner  in   which   the  V prisoners were   being   treated,    they  ) were told they would get "margarine  | one day. and jam the next." The mar-  j garine, when analyzed, was found to  i contain 40 per cent, of water.    That  / was all they did to improve the food.  ���������*--.   Those    who were lucky to get 10  ounces of meat a day, five ounces of  fish" (including'.'..'bones')' a   week,  and  four    potatoes.. a :- day���������"and    very  mangy- potatocsat that."    In addition  to j that they had a mysterious drink,  described as coffee or.tea..;  ������������������."���������'Tlie'"'hospital  conditions,  Sir  Timothy  Eden  said, were shocking,  but  latterly    they' had shown    some improvement. . A doctor was never 3.1-  lowcd to see a patient at night.  Caring for the Captives  German Prisoners in England  Have  Good Time  Britain Has Own Zeppelins  To Be Used as Eyes of the Fleet and  ' Not to Fight the Germans  A London correspondent of the  New York Sun writes: Recently a  sttfipienlly guarded description revealed the fact that Britain possessed a new class of airship comparable  to some extent with the German Zep-  it is said,  coast ports  are enthusiastic in their admiration of  the new airships. In their opinion  the British model is far more readily  handled and altogether less cumbersome than the German craft.  The difficulties which lay in the  way of competing with the type of  airship which is the result of Count  Zeppelin's life work were serious.  The small dirigible was not difficult  to construct, and some time ago  Great���������Britain was thoroughly supplied with that type.    The large di-  A  Danish    newspaper  correspond-  ent   was   permitted   by   the      British ,..    ,        corrcSponding  to  the  Zeppc-  Govcrnment    to    visit any    ">^fr"������^ lin, was a much more difficult thing  camp  at  any  time   he: Iked  and  any to'bmkl   as it ,involvcd  problcms  of  camp   that   he   P"/crred.     lie   chose acrosUti'cs       iu      ,. ,     iBrkish  one at Leigh, about forty miles from structor8 .had    liuIe   cxperience,   and  the crty of London   where about l.oOO h                           ,                   ih    ft  ,  German prisoners are housed.      lhe acronaulical cxperiencc, which includ-  ollowing is part of his description of ed   ,       ���������           -      k         h-    sub-ficcl,  the  place.       He points  out  that  the .   ,.      *.               ,      ,     .,       ..���������. .,������,���������'  building comprises seven dormitories, ?f������atc* VCry clcar,y UlC dlfficultics  cookhouse,    tailor    and    bootmakers'.' -i? ������. y"   ���������   -o -,  ���������  .���������   k������������������:..,������������������    -���������,.  shops, library and classroom, and ab- But���������  >������\���������w   Bntain s   business,   for  ,...         i    i       -ti     i���������         1 ���������,i ���������   /i.������4. the real value ot  tlie  great  dirigible  lut.on sheds with shower baths  (hot .    .              .      f        the fleet, and the  h         iT    I JlCryT^     I, ������^al problem is,  of course .essenti-  bath  at  least  once  a  week,  and  the ,,    . x        ���������,       '   .. m  .������������������ !'   _.i���������,j  whole place is remarkably clean" and fllv 1hcr,s'    Tlle- prcob'em }������ ^if^'l  ������������������mc_;.,ui~         .                J                      i involved  questions   of  new  forms   ot  - !-i.m ,.V*"^#4^  comfortable.  The prisoners have their own.canteen, in which they can buy practic-  I valve, new kinds of rop-p, new mclh-  [ods of welding and structure, and the  'acquiiing    of sufficient    quantities of  ally anything except alcoholic drinks; ���������"^"������*������s ������������ ^'y^"- '''"'������������ "'  they have their own committees for aluminium, which happily did not  education,  wood-carving, sports,  etc.,   g��������� WifficuIt. 1.^ ������urg������ ������0^  ,anl������?hirtvndtri������df ^rt^sScal^m! 2cd. 5 ai ommodale such'mongers  and  thirty,  and  two   theatrical   com-        , .. .    .       ,     , ..   .  _c i i   ^^.,.-������������������    ...u:..i, -^:���������������   ^������_c���������_.^.,.,������������������^   ;., 'and this involved an amount of k-bor  and material on a vast scale.  However, the difficultiesrhavc been  panics, which "give performances in  a Y.M.C.A. hut. Exercise is permitted arJany time between morning  and evening roll-call in three large  compounds, and games, such as  football, fistball, rounders, etc., arc  allowed. Athletic sports are being  arranged.  The -prisoners wash their own  clothes one day in each week, and  all the floors in the camp buildings  arc scrubbed twice a week.  Clothing of all kinds is supplied  to the prisoners when their own is  worn out. About a hundred of the  prisoners have small plots of land  for gardening purposes.  The daily rations allowed to each  prisoner in the Leigh camp are as  follows: Bread, 1 1-2 lbs; meat',  1-2 lb; tea, 1 oz, or coffee, 1 oz; salt, The soil is the one great facloral  1-2 oz; sugar, 2 oz; pepper, 1-2 oz;' foundation not .only of agriculture  milk, l-20th of a lb tin; vegetables, but of the nation's welfare, hence it  (fresh), 8 oz; margarine, 1  oz;  peas,  is practically impossible to  spend an  overcome and the airships are built  and ready. It will be a pity if the  public jumps to the conclusion that  Britain has now a new -war arm with  which to meet the Zeppelin raids.  'Zeppelin can no more fight with Zeppelin than submarine with submarine. British Zeppelins have 'other  work, and that the most vital work  for England that can be done. They  are the eyes of the fleet.  Soil Fertility  rImportance  of   Conserving   the  Fertility of Our Soils  beans, lentils, or rice, 2 oz.  A Canadian Officer.'  And His Men  Something    Wonderful    About    the  Spirit of the Canadian Soldiers    .  at the Front  Major  of Regina, Saskat-  excess of care on its cultivation and  preservation. Therefore any knowledge that results from experience is  of the gratcst value.. A deal of information acquired from such experience is given in 'Bulletin 27, 2nd series, entitled "Soil fertility, its economic maintenance and increase,"  just issued by the Department of Agriculture, of which Dr. Frank T.  Shutt, the Dominion  Chemist, is au-  B  chewan, writing from the front after thor, and which can be had free by  having led his men in a severe bomb-; application to the Publications Branch  ing attack, says: 'of the Department at the capital. Dr.  "There is something wonderful Shutt sounds an intensely practical  about the spirit of our men. They note of warning when he argues that  show no sign of fear, of course, and wc have been terribly wasteful of  as for discipline, in which some of plant food and that every effort  our English, friends thought we-wcre. should be made to maintain and in-  deficient, they are models, with this crease the fertility of our soils, and,  difference���������that they are splendidly by-more rational methods, endeavor  eager for a chance to act on their to put a stop to that waste. While  own initiative. In that they excel. I the warning is directed to the North-  was proud of the boys yesterday. 1 west, "where farming has been liken-  Steady under fife, smart in the cxe-j cd to mining," Ontario and Eastern  cution of their" duty, strong of nerve j Canada generally are summoned to  when their line was ripped open by a account. In brief, a change^ is called  nasty bit of shrapnel, they stood like for from extensive to intensive farm-  a solid wall. Ye Gods, what the .hu- ing, the lesson that it is sought to  man mind can stand. convey being that there is. more pro-  "Take this incident. Water" was fit in high tillage and conservation, in  scarce, and it was hot, and under the cultivation than in mere routine. Hav-  excitement of z. bombing attack it is ', 'lnS gone minutely into, the properties,  difficult in a sultry summer day in ' necessary treatment and application  Flanders to keep cool. At last water ! of farmyard manures, the doctor sup-  came along, and as one by one drank ; plies a table giving the approximate  it carefully and gladly I noticed one average composition"; of manure  fellow pass his over to a lad who (fresh) from various animals, de-  sceined to be suffering from sickness.'scribes the manurial value of clover,  The water, vessel was, exhausted by 'the component elements and benefi-  the time the need of the sick man ' cial influence exercised by fertilizers,  was  met.     But  not a  word  of  com-  and refers to the places occupied   by  wood ashes and.seaweed as potassrc  fertilizer. He. goes into the virtues  of gypsum and nitrate of soda as indirect potash fertilizer, concluding in  an instructive review of the_ chief  c. ,      r. . ���������.���������.-the-'incident-is,    it may   serve    as a j means by    which  the productiveness  bincc  the  first   ot  April  3listnuv to  show the intelligent apprc-jof the soil may be increased and pre  Manitoba Exports Butter  The record   that Manitoba ' established last year as an    exporter    of  butter has been well maintained this!  season  plaint escaped the lips of the man  who must have been going through  a quiet martj-rdom.^ I succeeded afterwards in procuring water for my  man,   but   let   me   say  that   small   as  To End the Devil's Reign  Though   Britain  mourns    with  sol-  j-.    t,..    c . , -     t  "���������  giving    the  enemy  Knrf    Thi fiSU������s ������p-   to _ almost  own_    And is not that, after all,  the  700,000  pounds   exported   so  far  this  vcry csscnCc of good fighting?"  season.    Even these figures would be  considerably    increased    were it not  for the large consignments going regularly to  Camp   Hughes.    Most  of  the shipments have   gone    to    Montreal,  and  present  prices  arc  around  given  their  lives  32 -   -       -  m  g  ga ... .,.     .  butter shipped by Manitoba. At pre- j Prussian militarism, to restore order  sent the province has excellent pas-; and respect for public law, to pro-  turagc, and with the heavy corn tcct the weak, to repress atrocious in-  yiclds     and  abundant  hay cut,     the  humanity;    and we    shall not    cease  thc'-assistancc of the man on the land  by information, advice and demonstration." ,  "There is no country," he avows,  "better provided than Canada in this  respect."   Regarding manure, two im  cum pride her dear children who have ,---.---- -       -,r',.������������������,���������m*,,���������.oi-i   -ire  ' " ' for Europe's  free-  P.ortant  facts  to  be  remembered _arc  makc of butter for the remainder of  the year should be large.  tcctcd from rain.  A Bargain  A  farmer   rushed   up   to   the  home  of a country doctor in the village late  from fighting till these aims are fully  attained.    After all, if a nation  docs  its duty in war���������as the whole British   one night and asked him to come at  A peaceable looking Irishman    had  nation    is now    doing���������there    comes   once  to  a  distant  farm-house,  been  brought into  a suburban  police  such    a moment in  the    struggle as      The medicine man hitched  up    bis  station  on some petty  charge.       He .when     Nelson  closed    his  spy-glass,   horse and they drove furiously to the  pleaded innocence. j having put forth all  his genius    and  farmer's home. Upon their arrival the  "Is   there  anybody    here  who   can  daring and love in his country's cause  farmer asked:  vouch   for  your  respectability?"   said  with   the  words, "Now  I  cai.  do  no      "How much is your fee, doctor?_  the examining officer. ' ' more.     Wc  must  trust to   the  great  t   Patrick singled out the head of the Disposer of all events and the justice  of our cause."  small police force  "He can," he said.  "Me?"    exclaimed    the  policeman.  "Why, I don't know the man."  "Exactly," said the accused. "I have  One Thing at a Time  A Tennessee mountain woman was  eating pig's feet one day at the door  lived in this place twenty years, and of her cabin when a neighbor came  the police don't even know mc, so I to tell her bad news. Her husband  can't be such a beid lot." Iliad  got  into  a  fight  at 'one  of  the''remarked the haughty girl  ��������� ���������������������������r ��������� I town saloons, a bullet had lodged in ;    "No,"-   replied Miss  Cayenne,  Three dollars," said the physician  in surprise.  "Here you are," said the farmer,  handing over the money; "the blamed liveryman wanted five dollars to  drive mc home."  I wouldn't marry Claude Sniggins  if he were the last man in the world,"  "If  Willis: -How do you stand on Sunday baseball?  Gillis: I'm against it,  his lungs, and he had died soon after, lhe were  the last  man  in  the world  The woman, a pig's foot held mid- he'd probably be so much in demand  way to her    mouth,    listened to the \ that you wouldn't even get a chance  Willis- VonTvoiT think the people 'harrowing tale in silence.   Then, fall-  to propose to him."  should    be allowed    to enjoy    them-.ing onto  her prg s foot vigorously,  kclvf "���������*   nn   ^JuriQiv'^ sue s<iiu>  ' ���������" ��������� Gillis: Aren't they doing- it now?' "Jest you wait till I finish this prg s  \ The rich have their golf clubs and the .trotter, an' .ye'll hear some hollerrn  ^   poor have their automobiles, :as is hollenn.  "I don't sec why mothers can't see  the faults in their children."  Mrs. Bonny: I, should in a minute  if my children ftad any!  The Anglo-French  Tunnel Project  Serious Consideration of the Undertaking Is Now Being Made  For a long time past a submarine  tunnel connecting Dover in England  with Calais in France has been regarded as practicable from both the  engineering and the economic .points  of view. So far the project has been  looked on as one for private enterprise, and as such if would at any  time for a third of a century have attracted the capital necessary for its  construction. The great obstacle in  the way has been the force, at times  only passive but sometimes actively  antagonistic, of public opinion in both  countries, but especially in Britain.  Early in the career of the Nineteenth  Century magazine it published a formal protest against the proposal,  signed by four hundred of the most  prominent and eminent British statesmen, business men, publicists, and  litcrators, one of the last named being  Lord Tennyson, the Laureate.  The chief fear on the part of the  Protestants was the break the tunnel  I would make in the insulation of  (Great Britain. She might still be  ! "compassed by the inviolate sea,"  but it might be possibbVfor the continental invader to reach her by land  through the tnunel. John Bright, in  one of the Parliamentary-discussions  on the project, ridiculed thoic who  had any fear of Britain being conquered by invaders coming into the  country through a "hole in the  ground," but the scheme became inert and continued so for a generation.  It has recently shown signs of resurrection as a result of the Franco-  British Alliance, and iL seems unlikely that,any serious exception will  now be taken on the ground of a possible hostile invasion that could not  be prevented by the British navy.  It is hardly likely that the Governments of the two countrise will,  after their experiences during the  past two years, including the British  defence of the Suez Canal, consent  to the construction of the .Channel  tunnel as a private work. If it is to  be kept free from obstructive complications, and to reach the maximum  of usefulness for all purposes of peace  and war, it must be constructed, operated and owned as a dual-government scheme. As such it would  serve as a strong and probably an  enduring bond between the two countries, all the more so because of its  effect in expanding passenger traffic  between Britain and France, the latter becoming even more than it is at  present the gateway of the continent  to   the  Islanders.  There arc no serious engineering  obstacles to overcome. Most of the  way the borings would be through  chalk, easy to penetrate and impervious to water. The undertaking  would, in fact, be no more difficult  than the Sarnia tunnel, though it  would take somewhat longer to complete. All such works have been made  indefinitely easier of both construction and operation by the modern  applications of electric energy. It is  proposed to construct two tubes at  first, but it need cause no surprise if  others arc soon found nccessar}-. ���������  Toronto  Globe.  VACANT FARM LANDS IN THE WEST  AWAIT THE TIDE OF IMMIGRATION  SURVEYORS PREPARING FOR RAPID DEVELOPMENT  ', AJI'  ,-' 's-fkA  *\ .'-j-71  -V-'M  Annual   Report  of  the  Assistant-Surveyor-General   Shows  that  Over Eighteen Thousand Miles of Dominion Lands Were  ,,  Mapped Out Last Year, the Work Being Performed  By Fifty-nine Parties of Surveyors '  Naturalization  It is not necessary for anyone purchasing or owning lands anywhere in  Western Canada to become a British  subject unless he. so desires. The  majority of those who have settled in  the Canadian West from foreign  countries have, however, become citizens. Canadian naturalization laws  are very'liberal. Those who are not  British subjects, but now are located  in Canada, may transact business and  own.-' real estate here as much or as  long as they, choose without becoming naturalized. They are.'also allowed to vote (providing they own property) on all but national issues, arid  upon becoming naturalized the privilege of voting upon national issues is  extended to them.  Lake Shipments Are Interesting  For the crop year ending August  31st; 1916, there were 1,019 cargoes  shipped from the twin ports of Fort  William -and Port Arthur, at the head  of Lake Superior, in Canadian vessels  and 830 in. American vessels, totalling  in all 330,572,600 bushels. In comparison with the crop year of 1914-1915  the shipments were more than 200-  000,000 -bushels more, for in the year  there were 617 Canadian cargoes and  95 American, making a total of 101,-  15S.902 bushels of all grains. In 1913-  1914 there were 788 Canadian cargoes and 350 American cargoes totalling 187,9773,371 bushels shipped from  the twin ports.  Problem of War Crosses  The French Government has  awarded 120,000 War Crosses since  the creation of the decoration. Of  these, 16,000 have been given in the  course of the present war. The  Chamber of Deputies has decided to  create a distinctive sign to be worn  by those who have won the cross  while facing death. The fact chat  thousands of non-combatants have  received the coveted bit of metal and  ribbon is considered unfair to the  others. A special commission was  formed to sort out and award the  new insignia to those really entitled  to it.  "I have here," said the agent, "a  utensil that no housekeeper can afford  to be without."  "What is it?" asked the woman at  the door.  "It's a combined corkscrew, can-  opener, pocket-knife, screw-driver,  tack-hammcr, glass-cutter, and "  "Hold on a minute. 1 don't want  one  of  those  things.1'  "Why not?"  "By keeping all those tools separate it is impossible for my husband  to lose more than one at a time."  "Look here, Snip," said Slowpay  indignantly to his tailor, "you haven't  put any pockets in these' trousers.  ' "No, Mr. Slowpay," said the tailor,  with a sigh; "I judged from your account here that you never had anything to put in them."  "For some time, when the flood of  immigration was at its highest,"  writes the Assistant Sui veyor-Gcn-  eral in his annual report, "there was  some difficulty in carrying on field  operations so as lo keep ahead of  the rapid development in Western  Canada. A sufficient number of  properly qualified surveyors could  not be obtained as the remuneration  offered in other branches of engineering was more attractive. At  present, with the exception of a few  localities, the surveyors arc well  ahead of settlement, and it is no longer difficult to obtain efficient technical assistance in carrying out our field  work."  Surveying the unappropriated land  in the Canadian West is just now  ahead of settlement. It is well that  such is the case, because, when the  tide of immigration again pours in,  it will be a tide that will ovcifiow  all previous bounds, and our vacant  lands should be ready to receive the  land-seekers and home-makers.  A general idea of the nature and  amount of-������work performed last year  by-the Surveyor-Geneial and his  staff, who form a branch of the Department of the Interior, can most  readily, be obtained from a few statistics. The township outlines surveyed had a total length of 3,270  miles; section lines, 7,100 miles; traverse, 5,141 miles; re-surveys, 2,610  miles; a total of 18,121 miles, all performed by 59 parlies of surveyors.  Besides his maps and mathematical data, each surveyor in the field  writes a short report on the season's  work. These reports arc most matter of fact, as becomes a man dealing with figures, but they arc perfectly reliable, and from them a  reader obtains many a sidelight on  our West, and much accurate and valuable information. A few gleanings  are here brought together.  Mr. M. H. Baker, who was surveying in Southern Alberta, had an  experience that seems most curious  to one not familiar with the locality.  "I went up," he writes, "to township  1-4-4 to make a traverse of the Milk  River, but on reaching there I found  that the river had changed its course  southerly, and flows south of the  International Boundary, so that no  traverse was required." The river  Mr. Baker had gone to survey had  left the country.  Several surveyors report on the  valley of the Peace River. Mr. L.  Brenot operated between Fort St.  John and Hudson Hope; and what  he has to say of the climate confirms  the good reports that have been coming out of this land of promise, which  is going to be our next "W'esl. Mr.  Brenot writes:  "The climate of the Peace River  district is similar to that of Eastern  Canada, and is free from, extremes.  The summers are moderately hot  arid the rainfall is adequate. Summer  frosts were of somewhat frequent occurrence during our survey, but were  not severe enough.to do much damage.: During a cold snap in the last  two weeks of January, 1914, the thermometer registered 54 degrees, but  after the Chinook winds began about  the middle of February, the temperature was- rarely many degrees below  freezing point.  The snowfall is not very heavy.  Trails connect the various settlements, though the fording of rivers  whose beds are composed of shifting  sands, renders travel in summer dangerous. The ice on Peace river,  which is safe from the middle of  January to the middle of March, furnishes a good road for winter travel."  Far to the north the watcri of the  Peace and the Athabasca Rivers and  of Lake Athabasca, too, flow northward in what is known as the Great  Slave River, which empties into the  Great Slave Lake, out of which flows  the Mackenzie River, which carried  the waters of all this Far Northland  to the Arctic Ocean. Along the  Great Slave River surveys were made!  last season by Mr. S. D. Fawctt, who  tells in limited space of things and  conditions in this hinterland of Alberta.  The Great Slave is a mighty river,  broken here and there' by rapids,  many of which can be run by the  huge scows which arc here the principal means of_ transportation.  Fort Smith is the chief place, with  Smith Landing sixteen miles distant,  with a good road between the two,  and a telephone system installed by  the Hudson's Bay Company. The  surveyor writes:  "Both Smith Landing and Fort  Smith will, no doubt, soon be thriving towns, as all the land in the  neighborhood is'vcry good, and it  has been amply demonstrated that  grain can be raised there successfully. Smith Landing will then form  the landing and Fort Smith the  shipping point for goods going north,  while the opposite will be true for  outgoing products. Power can be  readily obtained from the rapids."  From Fort Smith, on the Great  Slave River" to the Arctic Ocean, fifteen hundred miles distant, there is  continuous  navigation.  "The Hudson's Bay Coriipany have  a stern-wheel freight and passenger  steamer called the'Mackenzie River,  which draws about four and a half  feet of water when loaded. This boat  navigates the river very successfully  and is seldom grounded. The Northern Trading Company have a one-  screw steel-framed steamer called the  Northland Trade, which carries  freight and a few passengers, but as  she draws six feet of water when,  loaded considerable difficulty is experienced in low water in navigating j  the shallows    on  Mackenzie    River.!  This Jailer company have '>al.io tn*j.L  small tug steamers which operate on  the Mackenzie. The Mackenzie River-  steamboat on her first trip leaves  Fort Smith about June 25 and goes,  to Fort Macphcrson. On her second-  trip she leaves Fort Smith about the  first week in August but goes only  as far as Good Hope. The Northland  Trader usually manages to leave a  few days prior to the Hudson's Bay-  Company's boat, but goes only to  Arctic Red River. She also makes-  two trips during the navigation season, which commences, about the  middle of June and ends generally im  the latter part of October."  At Fort Smith, farming on a small;  scale is carried on by the members  of the mission, and they raise wheat  and oats successfully; -and the hardier vegetables do well.  The waters of the Great Slave.  Lake teem with the finest white fish  and lake trout "that can be found"  anywhere. Other species such as in-  connu (so-called by the discoverer  of Mackenzie River, who named themi  'inconnu' or 'unknown'), pike, .pickerel, grayling and -sucker are very-  numerous. White fish weigh from'  three to ten pounds, and ' trout, inconnu and pike from three to fifty  pounds. On account of the water  always being ice cold their flesh is.  very firm and is excellent food. No-  doubt some day, as transportation  becomes easier, the fishing industry  will  be developed."  Considerable surveying was done im  northern and northwestern Manitoba. Mr. A. M. Narraw'ay. tells of  the fisheries of Lake Winnipeg,  "known throughout America,", he  writes, "for its white fish and sturgeon," many white fish being "cached  in the fall by the Indians- for dog-,v  food during the winter."   _,,,'"  "While moose and deer are none  too plentiful on the east side of the  lake, yet there arc enough to furnish food for the Indians in that  district. There seems to be a fair  number of fur-bearing animals In  this district, including, many black  and silver foxes. While we wcrc-  running the 6th base line during May,  one of my men was fortunate enough.,  to catch alive two black foxes, for  which he received $800."  The annual report of the Topographical Dcppartment of the Interior has the usual forbidding 'appearance of a governmental report,  but, like many of the other reports,  it 'contains much'that not only informs but entertains; and the reports  of the surveyors are among the most  interesting of these blue books.  '���������' ''* I  Aj'-i  -5.  1'���������**"  I  The "Ruins of London."  German prisoners, buoyed up by  the..airy imagination of the Wolff Bureau, arc sadly disillusioned, it seems,  when they find that London still  stands where it did. Two or three  days ago a wounded officer arrived at  Charing Cross, manifestly cheered by  the prospect of seeing London largely in ruins. His first disillusion was  at the terminus itself, which he had  been told was a shapeless mass; and  as he passed through Trafalgar  Square and towards the West End, *  and his British guard, in answer to  repeated questionings, - pointed to  building after building which the un-  veracious Wolff had declared to be  destroyed, his gloom grew deeper,  arid he seemed a stricken man. If a  man of his education and position  could have been so grievously deceived, what of the masses in central Germany,, whose powers of belief in official intelligence are an important psychological factor in the war?���������Birmingham Post. *  The Deserted Village  The first time you see a destroyed  and deserted village you have strange  feelings, especially when you know  that the smashing process may be resumed at any minute. " Can, you imagine a village .which has no inhabitants���������houses with only parts of'the  walls standing, perambulators, chairs,  bedsteads and pictures heaped up in  confusion, churches destroyed as if  stepped on by a giant, tombs a tum-  blcd-up heap in. the churchyards, no  children at play, no shops, no sounds  except the echo of your footsteps and  the roar of distant guns?���������Cartoons  Magazine.  The lecturer was most emphatic  upon the point. "It is to the pioneers  of big movements���������the men who arc  always in the forefront���������that the  honor of this fair country of ours  belongs."  At the close of the lecture an old  woman approached him and shook  hands, thanking him for speaking so  kindly of her son.  "J. think you have made a mistake.  I don't know your son, and I cannot  have mentioned his name tonight,"  said the lecturer.  "Yes you did. My son is one of  those pioneers of big movements."  "Oh, I sec. And what is your son,  madam?" >  "What is he?" the proud mother  asked, in a stirprised tone.. "Man, he  walks in front of the new steam roller  with a red flag."  An Essay on Men  A little,   girl wrote    the following  composition on men: '  "Men are what women marry. They  drink and smoke and swear, but don't  go to church. Perhaps if they wore  bonnets they would. They are more  logical than women, also more zoological. Both men andAVomcn-sprang-  froni monkeys, but the women sprang  farther than the men,"  ..-.. 11  'W������  ���������K*fe-.';-,,'':'-^i'!S'<r.'('Sfil  'V ,.jJ ���������^m.^kmMi.tM  -:��������� ^vii^^^lJ  ��������� v, *- lS \&  i '  iiiiiii^iiiiiiitfii-iit-tfftilH ���������...tar >-?l.������������>(/<m������'>-'U'' n-   *���������*" ij*crrfJ.f*--u  ������-(.A**.L*,i*������^������iI'a^'rM-*^^  TILE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY  B.  ' NLESS one keeps up with the  latest offerings in neckwear, one  cannot hope to be smartly dressed, for it is at the neck line that fashion  creators direct much attention when the  arrows of style  are  shot forth.  The" principal feature of collars for the  coming season is their tendency to attain  height. Perhaps they will not be able to  reach a high point all the way round, but  the majority of them will be high at the  backhand low in the front. This type is the  most popular of any because it is comfortable as.well as  dignified in appearance.  One expression of the high-low collar is  the one showing a bib effect. White net  has been used for the fashioning of the  model and hand embroidery elaborates it.  One side of the bib is tacked to the collar.  The other side is supplied with snap fasteners.    This is a decidedly novel model.  Cape effects are very strong in neckwear. The style offers a splendid opportunity for variety. The capes can be broad  or narrow, regular or irregular in line. The  popularity of net for collars is again  evinced in a high close-fitting collar supplemented with double capes scalloped and  bound. The bow at the throat is unusual,  being one of dark blue and white moire  ribbon.  It requires such a little innovation to  give a thing an unusual touch. For instance, observe how the stiff organdie bows  set apart the collar-and-cuff set of linen and  net. The linen portions, of the set are  daintily embroidered in white. While the  newer collars show very little color, here  and there you will find a collar similar to  this given brilliancy by the introduction of  hand embroidery. The collar is fastened by  buttons supplied with braid links and  passed  thru real  buttonholes.  The touch of black is noticeable on  many new models. As a rule, the somber  ���������note is brought in by the use of ribbon.  Black moire ribbon is cleverly used to hold  together the turn-over collar of embroidered handkerchief linen. The ribbon is  passed thru loops of crocheted cotton. The  same method is employed on the distiri-  guished-looking cuffs.  On neckwear crocheted buttons can be  successfully used. They are seen in link  effect, to hold together the collar, which  combines several important points���������tabs,  turn-over and cape effects.  Surely here is a collection of collars  which should be considered before making  any  selection   for  the   fall  season. i.   ��������� itt'ji^Bt:������B*~-~-***<--*-"--~i---"~-^  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.  ^-  --i.U^f''^  ���������������.lr ���������3,''+*\V-i3  ' j ,   -..;, s ^:^?-'iy  ['Human Nature  After a Battle  |Fighting Spirit, Humor and Tales of  Desperate Bravery  There were Highlanders there, so  I"fcy" after their fierce fighting that  Stlicy went about with their bayonets,  gproddmg imaginary Germans, and  Iscarching empty dugouts as though  |the enemy were crowded there. The  Irround was strewn with dead, and  [|ffrom ruined trenches and piles of  jforoken bricks there came the awful  gcries  of wounded men. -  "There were  many  wounded���������Germans as well as British���������and our men  fended them with a heroic self-sacri-  "xc  which*   is   described  with   revcr-  "nce and enthusiasm by many officers  Sjiicl men.    it was a chaplain attached  \-> the South Africans who fought so  g'espcrately    and    so    splendidly    in  [���������Devil's  Wood."    This "padre" came  H*   to  a   dressing  station   established  L the one bit of ruin which could be  lied  for  shelter and  applied  himself  jb  the  wounded- with  a spiritual  de-,  [jgjotion   that -was   utterly   fearless.  In order to get water for thciii, and  ���������lie   means   of   making   tea,   he   went  ly times    to    a well which was a  tger spot marked down by German  Snipers, who shot our men, agonized  iith thirst, ;as though they were .tiers going down to drink. They arc  istified according to the laws of  ������rar, but it* was a cruel business.  Inhere was one German-officer there,  a shell hole, not far from'the well,  t'ho sat with his revolver handy to  JHick off any men who ventured to  1 }ie well, and-he was a dead shot.  jf But he did not shoot the padre,  jijomelhing in the fine figure of that  iJjhaplain' his,"disregard of all the bul-  |||-ts snapping about him, the tireless,  fcarless way in which he crossed a  Jtreet of death in order to help the  founded, held back the trigger finger  it the German officer and he let him  [pass.,  | He passed    many times untouched  hy bullets     or machine-gun fire, and  Tjc went into its worst places, which  Jo/ere pits of horror, carrying hot tea,  *y'y������h    he had made    from  the well  Bjyatcr,  for men  in  agony because, of  jtiheir wounds  and thirst.    They were  K>filters who told me the story, though  Iphe  padre  was  not  theirs,   and   their  generous praise was not hard to hear.  "Afterwards I went among the men  P���������all    these  Peter Pans���������who^ came  ^om   all   parts   of 'Scotland  and   the  Ihorth    of    England,    so    that    their  K.pecch   is   not   easy   to   a   man   from  T'fhc south.   They were talking of Ger-  K,nan   snipers   and   German   shells,   of  till ,that  they  had suffered and done,  turd     the  boilermaker,     their    comic  Fairn,  was "egged-on   to  say  outragc-  ���������jpus   things     which   caused    roars   of  daughter    from the crowd.      The language, of the boilermaker on the subject of Germans and the,pleasures of  JLvar  would  be  quite  unprintable,'but  lihe gist of it was full  of virtue and  Ijsuitcd     the     philosophy     of     these  ECocurs-de-Lion,   who    were grinning  Kround'him.  K   It is the philosophy of our modern  tjenighls, who  take more risks in one  rcday than their forebears in a lifetime,  ^nid find a grim and sinister humor in  Hithe worst_things of war.���������Exchange.  K    | Consequences of the War  9 '  JiCredited to General Joffre in an Interview in the Atlantic Monthly  "It  is   strangely  interesting  to   sec  [the results as they now begin to show  ^themselves    of Germany's    hatred of  [those countries which she has forged  I'into a league against her.    Wc must  Jnevcr    forget    what     Germany     has  f-taught   us   all.   When   she   began   the  , war, France was given over to things  jj.uiiwoilhy of her. She seemed to have  forgotten    her    aspiration    and     her  destiny.      See   her.now,   purified  and  made   new.   She   has   saved   her   own  *>oul. Then  England,  whom Germany  hates   most   of   all.     She   had  grown  - Jight-niinded,     unstable,    a  prey     to  civil discord.  Now she is unified and  made  whole.       Her  young  men  will  begin  life anew, and   the nation  will i  lake ou  the vigor and enthusiasm  of  youth.      Think    of Italy,    after fifty  years, fulfilling the visions of Mazzini  i and Cavour!. "And Russia���������Russia to  settle  whose account Germany began  jhis  enormous  war���������will  profit more  from  it  than  all  the  other  countries  of  Europe  combined.     Not  only  has  , the  Russian  nation  been  reborn,  but  her material greatness will be vastly  enhanced.        No;   whatever  we   may  think    of  Germany,  we    must  never  forget all we have learned from her."  How Americans Help  for the War  Big   Export of U. S.    Meat to    the  Belligerent Nations  Why American consumers have to  pay exorbitant prices for meat is  clearly enough explained by the sta  tislics of meat exports compiled by  the National City Bank. Not only  did the exports of meats of all kinds  rise from 455,000,000 pounds in 1914  to 1,339,000,000 pounds last year, but  fresh beef shipments during the same  period jumped from 6,400,000 pounds  to 231,000,000 pounds. Most of this  was consigned to the belligerent  countries, Great Britain, France and  Italy taking 214,000,000 pounds of  American beef last year as against  none at all in the .year before the  war.  In other terms, the United States  has exported to Europe during^ the  two years of the war 29 times  as much beef as in the two years immediately preceding the war, and this  in the face of a decrease in the supply of cattle and a decline of domestic imports .of meat to less than  half the amount of 1914. Is there any  wonder that the price of meat for  home consumption is higher than at  any time since the Civil War?���������New  York World.  Wilhelmshaven   Confidence  German  Navy  Still  Safe  and -Confident Bottled Up in the Kiel  Canal  Oswald F. Schuette, one of the  Globe's representatives at Berlin and  a correspondent persona grata to official Germany* who has never been  accused of pro-Ally bias, has been allowed to visf? the German fleet���������the  first newspaper man allowed this privilege  since the Skagerrak battle.  Mr. Schuette reports that, the officers and men of the German fleet,  tired of "watchful waiting," are eager  to sail out and offer ba'ttle. He represents commanders and sailors as  confident of success." - New vessels  have been' added since the battle of  Jutland these months ago.  The confidence of Wilhelshaven is  not shared by Berlin. This is a conclusion deducible from the fact that  the fleet is kept close behind its protective screens. Jellicoe and Beatty  are still dancing around on the outside daring their foes to come out.  How the .British feel about the outcome is sufficiently indicated by the  fact that the French navy has not  been called on for assistance. Berlin  eulogizes the German fleet and continues to claim the British were  whipped, but won't let the ships go  out.  The general situation "is such that  a decisive naval victory would be of  great value to Germany. Command of  the seas would perhaps win the war-.  That no serious effort is made to assume such command .can only be read  as due to a belief that an attempt  would fail. It is from the lack of  movement of the German fleet rather  than from descriptions pf its Spirit  that one can learn what its masters  really think.���������New York Globe.  Motoring Comes High  $1,180,000,000 Spent on Motoring Each  Year by American People  According to the Scientific American, the numDer of automobiles in  use in the United States has reached  the 2,000,000 mark. The estimate  continues that about 8,000,000 people  in this country enjoy the luxurious  pleasure of motoring.  To run 2,000,000 cars for one year  requires, at the very least, 1,000,-  000,000 gallons of gasoline at a cost  of about $130,000,000. The estimated  cost of 20,000,000 gallons of lubricating oil is put at $8,000,000. Further  it is believed that 12,000,000 tires  worth not less than $16 each adds  $192,000,000 to the total yearly expense of motoring. Accessories and  extra comforts are estimated at $50  a car, totalling $100,000,000. The  item, of garage charges on short  tours, exclusive of gas and oil, is  put at $100 per car, or $200,000,000.  Repairs made necessary by wear,  tear and accident, tire troubles not  included, are approximated at $50 per  car a year, or $100,000,000.  In summing up his estimate, the  editor or expert who is responsible  for these figures, states that the total  running expenses for all cars in use  is about $730,000,000. Add thereto,  he continues, the value of 600,000 new  cars purchased during the year, at an  average price of $750, or $450,000,000,  and-we 'get the immense total of  $1,180,000,000 spent in a single year  (1915) on the sport of motoring.  Inx, the estimate no allowance has  been made for the expense of hiring  a chauffeur, . automobile insurance  and various other requisites. It is  quite apparent that the total expenditure > would ' be greatly in" excess of  this -estirriate.  Nature Exemplified  In the Psalms  The Disabled Hero  No Effort Too Great to Restore His  Ability and Help Him to Secure  Employment  There are already about 1,700 disabled soldiers now under treatment  in Canada, and almost every week  sees more of them arriving from the  front.  Some of them, of course, are so  seriously disabled that it is impossible for them to take up again their  former occupations, or, at all events,  to take them up again without the aid  of artificial appliances and training in  their use.  They are heroes, we say; but the  glamor of heroism will not content  them long. The same quality of self-  respect that made them freely enlist  will make them as eager to rc-enlist  in the peaceful work of the community that they Lave helped to preserve.  The pensions that are due them will  be an assistance, but never a substitute for an ordinary livelihood, in the  days that lie before them.  Do we quite realise that our coun-  organised  Conscientious Objectors  Intimidation  Does Not Always Succeed as a Restraining and Reformatory Influence  Commuting the sentence-;, on conscientious objectors convicted of  military disobedience will be generally commended. The object of the  death penally in such cases is to  strike terror in. the hearts of others  inclined to be equally unmindful of  the duty of obedience. But there is  a growing conviction that the coercive deterrent and reformatory influence of terror is often exaggerated.  A man with real conscientious sciu-  ples is not afraid to die. German  ^rightfulness was an absolute failure,  so far as the purpose of the instigators was concerned. Atrocities in  Belgium failed absolutely to terrify  the Serbians. Confidence in the  power of terror is always strong in  lawmakers, especially in ther'niodern  development of representative institutions. They find tliemselves afraid  of innumerable things. They are  afraid to express advanced 'opinions,  and are abnormally timid^ about new  departures. They dread everything  that needs to. be explained. They are  afraid of -the 'Various mental idibsyh-'  cracies of their constituents, and are  specially alarmed at any movement  or agitation on which they must take  a definite position. The candidates  today, rely for success on a timid silence on every issue on which feelings are strong and on a vigorous endorsement of the obvious.  Having so many fears, it is natural  that lawmakers should in time learn  to rely with too much confidence on  fear as a restraining and reformatory  influence.  It was the legislators and magistrates who thought that if the death  penalty for stealing sheep was abolished there would be an epidemic of  sheep-stealing all over the country.  They thought the. people were withheld from such crimes by the impending untimely death. They were convinced that nobody's sheep would be  safe throughout the kingdom once the  fear of the hangman was removed.  Like Chanticleer, who thought his  crowing caused the sun to rise, they  thought 'their threatening penalties  provided the safety of property.  Their terrors proved unfounded.  Their fears were not realized. There  was-no increase in crime. Danger  has a dual influence, and while it deters the timid it invites and stimulates the bold. Bravado prompts the  criminal  lo   crime  as  it  prompts   the  try till  lately  had  no  organised  cys  cm established for filling these men pranks and depre  lo return  lo civil life? i.i_,:_....     t-i._    l: ..:_..,.   ������i,.-���������^t���������,  And     do   we  realize  the  waste   of  Rust Research Laboratories  One Will Be Located at Indian Head  and the Other at Brandon  Hon. Arthur Mcighcn, since the  disastrous black rust epidemic among  western wheat fields, has been vcry  active, in securing an investigation of  the-cause of this epidemic and of  .methods lo be" employed to prevent  its recurrence. The Dominion botanist has spent weeks in the West  studying conditions that led to the  widespread appearance of black rust.  He has submitted an exhaustive report to the federal department of agriculture, and the result is the departure of J. S. Grisdale, chief of experimental farms for the West, to establish two rust research laboratories,  cue at Indian Head and the other at  Brandon.  The report submitted by the Dominion botanist deals with the causes  of these periodical black rust epidemics and makes several recommendations as.partial preventatives. There  is not, according to information at  hand, any rust resistant variety of  wheat.  good human material and ability that  the country would suffer from, if they  were left, untrained and unaided, to  remain idle or to pick' up any casual  or .temporary job they might happen  to come across?  '  : In France, skilled scientists arc set  apart by the Government to devote  their .whole time to directing and  training the permanently disabled so  that they may do" the best for themselves. The same problems in Canada are being met by the same wise  control, and will be solved, we have  every reason to hope, tinder the guidance *of the Military Hospitals Commission.  It is the business of every true Canadian to help the Commission and its  provincial auxiliaries by backing up  its efforts to restore these men's capacity, and. by helping to get then-  work tliey can do with profit to themselves and to the country.  dations. The conscientious objector  to the taking of human life will often  be more firm and determined if facing the death penalty than if threatened with less spectacular punishment. Of all influences used in human guidance, punishment requires  the. greatest individual discernment,  yet it is often applied by rules that  take no account of personal differences. Conscientious objectors have  given considerable thought to their  attitude, and it might be well to take  sufficient time to give some thought  to their several cases. ��������� Toronto  Globe.  The Automobile and the Gopher  Destroying gophers by means of  automobiles is 'the latest service to  which cars have been put by Oregon  farmers who have set about to kill  gophers, and other burrowing animals   that  damage  their crops.  A car, preferably one that is light,  is driven into the field where the  gohpers live. The engine is allowed  to continue running and one end of a  hose is attached to the exhaust while  the other end is inserted in a gopher  hole and packed about with a cloth  and a little dirt.  In a short time the fumes penetrate  the various passages and issues from  other holes.    These arc then plugged  up; after this has been done the gases  the  remotest  chamber,  /The Greatest Masterpiece of Literature Throughout the Ages  As a student of the Psalms, the  writer will give a few impressions  formed by him in reference to nature  as contained within these sacred  songs.  In the Book of Psalms, to the  world has been given the works of  the greatest master of literature  throughout the ages. Indeed, there  are phrasings contained in his language which indelibly impress the  reader with the majesty of utterance.  The references of the Psalmist to the  earth and that contained therein may  be said to enter into his wiitings with  the eighth, a Psalm which for beauty  of expression stands paramount. In  the first verse of this song, the excellence of(God's name in the universe is forcibly impressed upon mankind. The 19th Psalm, at verse one,  declares the firmament as demonstrative of an infinite handiwork, and the  pith of the entire Biblical tenet concerning Almighty possession is herein contained. A Creator supreme in  authority over the great waters is  spoken of in Psalm 29. Again, wc  perceive allusion to His potentiality  in the 33rd writing. The language of  David as recorded in the 46th,' the  Psalm of Confidence, is regarded by  Biblical scholars the masterstroke of  the Israelite's efforts. The mammalian creation as recipient of God's  forethought is declared in verses 10  and 11 of the 50th writing. We may  describe Psalm 65 the "husbandman's  melody," a title not without application to the 72th,,and even the strength  of chariot and horse are repudiated  in Psalm 76. For grandeur of representative utterance toward the seas,  verse 19 of chapter 77 is without  equivalent in superb literary phrasing.  The 93rd likewise bears reference to  the great waters, and verse 5 of  Psalm 95 also refers to this feature.  Earth, hills, clouds, darkness are en-  '.umerated in the 97th. A potential  promise that the world shall not be  moved is written in Psalm 99. An  enlightenment of especial characteristic is recorded in the 104th, which  speaks of the source from whence  man's natural requirements emanate.  The omnipotence of the Creator  above the wings of the storm arc  described in sublime phrasing in  Psalm 107. The Almighty in the posture of humility, as-He beholds the  things of earth, is contained in the  113th. A world's formative material  is alluded to in the Psalms following; the earth as a gift to the child-  fen of men is recipient of corroboration in the 115th. The language of  ���������Psalm 134 enforces veracity that the  creation of the world alone proceeds  from God. The fallacy of mankind  in attempting obscurity from Divine  vision through natural resources is  pronounced in the 139th; in Psalm 147  are two-verses which may be cited  the distributory document of God's  benevolent attitude to the sons of  ,men; Active-, passive of the entire  creation, are enjoined to uplift the  voice in exultant strain to tlie Lord  in the 148th; and in the last verse of  the Psalmist's writings all, everything  in possession of breath, receive the  Divine mandate to be in unison in  praising their Maker.  The human being who fails to comprehend in the Book of Psalms all  that is noble, inspiring, sublime in a  world's literature, must inevitably  fail to discover an equivalent emanating from any source whatsoever. A  Psalm may be read every day  throughout the year, y.et there will  remain some feature still to be observed. The grandeur of expression  throughout the writings is so infinite  in depth and construction that mankind in all ages of the world will remain in amazement at the language  contained in the Psalmist's work. ���������  J. D. A.  Evans.  Wheat Shipped from B. C.  Shipments  of  Wheat Being  Sent  to  >- Calgary Elevator This Year  Several shipments of wheat have  been received at the Calgary government elevator consignd from Vcr-  raon, Enderby and Armstrong, and  more is expected later, as threshing  is  completed.  This is the first time * any grain  from the western province has been  sent eastward, and this is entirely  due to the facilities which arc offered  at Calgary for storage and grading.  Of course the premium which cash  grain is commanding at the terminals makes the eastern market look  inviting to the farmers of interior  B.C. points. While there is a market for milling grain at the coast, it  is a spasmodic one, and there is not  the premium there that is obtained  on Fort William shipments. If the  shipping facilities at the coast in the  way of ocean transportation was normal the coast elevators would likely  get this grain. Conditions just at  present, though, arc not favorable.  From information which has been  received in Calgary it is estimated  there will be about two hundred cars  of grain to ship from these points.  At present it is being sent in sacks  down as far as Calgary and reloaded.  "Canada in Flanders  >-  10,000 Copies of Book Sent to English  Schools  Obed Smith, Commissioner of Emigration has received, by order of the  Canadian Government, ten thousand  copies of Sir Max Aitken's book,  "Canada in Flanders," for distribution  in English schools. Letters acknowledging the books arc most striking.  The headmaster, St. Thomas, Bolton,  for instance, writes: "Over a hundred  of my boys enlisted in the Canadians." Miss Bolhcroyd, of Grimsby,  remarked: "My girls correspond with  those of a Canadian school, and love  it." Miss Brown, of Cheltenham,  says: "We have twenty scholars corresponding regularly with scholars in  Canada." XV. J. Walsh, of Chcerham  Hill, says: "My eldest son, a sergeant  in the 10th Battalion, fell in the  charge in the Wood in April, 1915."  David Reekie, of Bolton, says: "My  son was killed at Ypres."  New Economic Entente  Alliance  for  Peace  Against  Inroads  of the Huns  "The political re-modelling which  will follow after the war should be  accompanied by a veritable economic  revolution," writes -Raphael-Georges  Levy, member of the French Insti  tute. "The Allies will no longer be  foolish enough to leave the greater  part ol their commerce in the hands  of the enemy. , They have discovered  that-they can supply each other mutually with all the raw materials and  manufactured goods which they formerly received from Germany and  Austria. They know that the 800  million human beings who inhabit  France, England, Russia, Japan. Belgium and Serbia with their colonies  form an immense field of consumers,  capable of absorbing the entire production of the Allies.  "It will be a difficult and exceedingly laborious 'task to arrange their  future custom policy, but this wdrk  will be insignificant in comparison  with the combined effort they are now  making on land and sea. The essential thing will be to approach this  part of our common task in a broad-  minded and liberal manner and always keep the goal in sight which  must be reached to seal the military  compact, concluded in the fact of the  German danger, by a close and definitive economic entente. In the field,  too, as on the battle-field we are sure  of victory."  , The Reason for /  The Somme Offensive .       -' , , /  Operations Have Been Carried on foi  .  the General Good of the  Allied Cause  Critics  are     accustomed     to'   hear   ,  themselves  called    pessimists     when  their shafts- hit  the mark.     But  they  do   harm   \\ hen   they   run  about,     as'  many  do  now,  asking    rwhat^is     the  profit of our expensive achievements  on   the   Somme,  and  why  should  we  not   save  up  our armies  for  the  offensive  of next  year,     or     the  year  after,  or  Heaven knows when.    The  profit  has  been,  let  us  repeat,     that  we  have  compelled     neutrals  to  understand   that  wc  are  going  to   win;  that  we   have   killed   many   Germans,  which  is  the only known  means     of  '  ending the war;  that  we have relieved   Verdun,  which    was   hard   pressed;   that   wc   have   thrown   Germany  everywhere  upon  the   defensive;   and  -  that  we    have  made    an  end  of  the  shuttle-and-loom  strategy of  Falken-  hayn,  and have    prevented  the  Germans  from  terminating the  triumphs  of our  Russian allies.    But  this    we  had to do, and who among us would  have  accepted   the  mission   of  going  to  Paris  last June, or lo  Rome, and  of saying that wc were sorry, butt-on  the whole we preferred to wait until* _-  1917,   when  all   our  men   ^undeijf thV-v  Service acts and our munitions, from. %  the factories had reached ourfarniies"'���������;,  in the field? - -    "/   "'./������-    -.  Naturally it  would   have,.suited' us.J''v  and  Russia best  to  wait ''and- to"  get y  on  with  our building,'-but  in   'allied ' "  operations  it     is     the  general  good   ~"  which   rules, and  those'who  look'.to  one  sector alone  are  in-the  old  rut<  and are falscto the principles of-the-  unity of fronts.���������By the Military-Cor-'  respondent of the London Times.  ,���������?*!  The following unique  epistle    was  picked up  lately in the  street:  "Dear  Bill,���������The    reason    I  didn't  laff wlfen you laft at me in the post  .office  yesterday was  becos   I   hev a  bile on my face, and' I can't laff.    If,  I   laff  she'll -bust.    But  I  love  you,  L Bill, bile or ho bile, laff or no laff."    j  Immigrant Farmers in the West  Of the 283,472 persons in Western  Canada (provinces of Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan) who, at the  last Canadian census (1911) gave  their occupations as "agricultural,"  188,658, or nearly three-quarters, were  not born in Canada, but were immigrants. This is a considerably higher  proportion than the rest of Canada,  in    which    only   254,574   agricultural' penetrate  to  workers out of 933,574 (just over one-: and the inhabitants are suffocated,  quarter)   were of foreign birth.    The      In a recent  test  a badly    infested  majority     of  these  foreign-born  far- area of between two and three acres ,  mers are American. I was ridden of gophers by the use of    120 cents worth  of gasoline    in    this  A    country .'couple    were   visiting  manner.    The  fact     that     no    holes  London   for  the first  time. '    iwere   rc-opened  proved  its   effective-  "My, John, what a lot of people!"  ness;,  exclaimed the wife  "Yes, my dear," said her spouse, "I  think you'd better give me the lunch-  basket.     We  might.lose  each  other j  in this crowd."  , Sexton L: Dp you have matins at  your church?  Sexton II.: No, we have oilcloth.���������  i Pitt "'Panther."  Standing in front of one of Peterson's pictures were several young  women. One young woman who was  gazing at the picture ardently, suddenly exclaimed: "Oh, if I only knew  the artist who did this!"  "Pardon me," said Peterson, stepping forward with great delight at  the evident prospect of being taken  up by the social set. "I am the  artist."  "Ah!" she cried, with a particularly winning smile, "then in that case  won't you please tell mc the name of  the dressmaker who made that perfectly stunning frock your model  wore?"  "Do you think contentment is a  blessing?"  "It depends on the kind of contentment. If your contentment is  due to the fact that you have about  everything you want, it is highly desirable."  Discipline  The Value of it in the Drilling and  Training of Soldiers  When the Duke of Connaught 'old  the Canadian soldiers that the quality  they needed more than any other was  discipline, he spoke as an old soldier,  and laid emphasis upon a point that  Canadians-as a race are apt to neglect. In fact, some people have the  notion that'it is a rather fine thing  to be without discipline, and that discipline is mere fussincss and red tape.  In proof of their contention they  point to the wonderful lecords made  at the front by the Canadians and  Australians. The latter, for instance,  are said to call their General "Birdie"  and there is a story told by General  Birdwood to the effect that when a  British officer complained that the  Australians failed to salute him, he  replied, "Why, they will hardly salute  me, and," continued General Bird-  wood, "when I was passing a sentry  near a dugout he seemingly paid no  attention to me, but just as I was  opposite him he called out 'Duck,  Birdie.' " ' The scandalized British officer asked the General what he did.  "Why," said the General, with a  smile, "I ducked, and escaped a large  shell."  This is a companion story to that  told of the English sentry who challenged a party returning to camp, and  being told to go to a point some degrees south of Purgatory, replied,  "Pass,   Canadians."  Probably both these yarns are inventions, but even if they are true,  they are no indications that the Australians aiid Canadians were lacking  in discipline. On the contrary, it  may be asserted with the utmost confidence that no troops who have distinguished themselves in this war  have  been  undisciplined.  It is discipline that turns a crowd  of men into an army, says the Mail  and Empire. It was discipline^ that  enabled the first British expeditionary force to fight that wonderful action in the retreat from Mons. After  that fight a German remarked that  the British fought like an army of  non-commissioned officers, and no  higher praise was ever given troops.  It was because he would not scud  troops into action until they had been  thoroughly disciplined that Kitchener  kept his new and growing army drilling for a year in England, while the  public was clamoring that it should  be sent to France. It is the necessity  of becoming familiar with the manual  of drill that makes the training in  Canada seem unduly long to many  of the soldiers. It may be that not  until they get under fire, when the  life of one man depends upon the discipline of the man beside him, and  the existence of one battalion depends  upon, the discipline of its neighbor,  will some of the soldiers now training appreciate what discipline means.  Plenty of Officers  My  Over    Two    Thousand    Officers  Canada Who Cannot Secure  (.  ' Attachments '  It  is   estimated  there  are  upwards  of 2,000    infantry    lieutenants" in the'  Dominion who have  taken their,cer-"  tificates    and passed    the school but  who  cannot secure attachments.'  In addition there are a_ number of  officers of higher ranks 'fri the same -  predicament, while every month there  l-cluin to Canada many supernumeraries from England to swell the ranks  of the unattached.  Owing  to the    fact -that very few -  new  regiments   are  being   authorized -  at  present     the  pioblcm     of  dealing  with    these  two    full    battalions  of  young officers is a somewhat curious  one.  A short time ago 500 unattached .  subalterns were sent overseas from  Canada to England at-the-requcst of  the Canadian authorities there. These  men were utilized to fill the vacancies  caused through the wastage among  lieutenants at the front which was  comparatively heavy.  No doubt more will be wanted, out  the stock of qualified-unattached  lieutenants continues to grow and  promises to increase so far as the unattached men of higher ranks are  concerned. It is possible that they  will have to be content to, take a  lieutenant's rank if they desire- to see  active service.  Good Enlistment in  New Zealand  Government Contradicts Statement  That Voluntary System Has '  Failed  The Secretary for the Colonies de-  sires to give publicity to a communication received from the Government  of New Zealand drawing attention to  an article in the London press, which  implied that the voluntary system  had failed in New Zealand and therefore it was necessary to introduce  compulsion, and an unfavorable influence was drawn as to the supply  of men from New Zealand. The  New Zealand Government desires  that the statements made should be  contradicted. They point out that  the voluntary system has not failed,  but so as to be picpared for all eventualities before parliament meets next  year, the New Zealand Government  took the precaution of taking  measures to maintain their ^obligations to the Imperial Government, but the powers of  the bill have not so far been required.  The minister adds that they have always avoided drawing comparisons  between the efforts of New Zealand  and those, of other parts of the Empire, but have no reason to fear comparison With others in the'matter, of  numbers dispatched under the voluntary system from New Zealand.  A race riot happened in a southern town. The negroes gathered in  one crowd and the Whites in another.  The whites fired their revolvers into  the air and the negroes took to their  heels. Next day a plantation owner  said  to one of his men:  "Sam, were you in that crowd that  gathered last night?"   ���������  "Yassir."  "Did you run like the wind, Sam?"  "No, sir, I didn't. But I passed  two others that was running like the  wind."   ' *"���������   No neutral'country is more affected by the war than Holland. She  maintains an army of something like  300,000 soldiers to meet any criiis  which may arise.  Actions Beyond Words  For some thousands of years at  least the resources of language had  been ahead of the possibilities of human action, but in this war, bringing  out forces and sounding depths never  imagined before, man's power of action, and, behind that, the play of his,  mind and soul,, have wholly outstripped his capacity to utter. The, conflict drags on aud becomes more colossal, and is slow, and yet it is never  for a moment monotonous. Its varieties are more astounding than its  bulk. Habit tries to dull us to the  chronic prodigy. We doubt whether  many persons have yet piriched themselves when they arc asked to realise  that before the end" of Armageddon  all the nations���������-.. engaged will have  mustered from first to last more than  forty million men in arms. The conception of space is, perhaps, easier,  but even so it is difficult to conceive  fighting areas stretching across;lands  and seas, mountains and plains, for  thousands of miles.���������London Observer.  "What do you think of the political  situation?"  "Don't bother me just now," replied  Senator Sorghum. "I've to get out  and talk.    This is no  time to think."  Parson: Yes, on one occasion I  married four couples in a quarter of  an  hour.    Quick work,  wasn't it?  Nautical Young Lady: Yes, rather,  sixteen knots an hourl  'v'vVaa'f  ,/.      ,1*W I  - "������������������"���������'* I  i  ���������S4|  :1  -..->{.y  ,. v*''Va1  ,   ���������*���������??-��������������� Jf,  m  .''.-if---j4Li"....... OUMMeilu.1 *LV ->  *'t.������ltJ.>-*tOA*Iw-J, u  ^^^^.dr-^s-iii^S-r,^^^  ^ST  i -^  THE     GAZETTE,     HEDLEY.     B,     VT  Room  Nineteen  ��������� BY'  ^  FLORENCE WARDEN  WARD. LOCK & CO.. LIMITED  Londcn, Melbocrc;, ������ad TcTonlo  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  (Continued.)  "I'll sec, ma'am. Will you walk in?"  She followed the man into the  house, through a small entrance-hall  into a large and lofty inner one, panelled _ in dark oak, hung with rich  curtains and with old oil paintings.  There was a wide fireplace adapted  lo modern requirements at otic end,  and in this a bright fire, was burning.  Sprawling on a handsome settee  upholstered in green arid gpld was a  tall man of thirty-five or so, with fair  hair, long fair moustache, and ��������� red-  rininicd blue eyes which lie turned  upon the girl with a bold stare.  Mabin was shown into a rather  barely furnished small ��������� room, .which  wjis apparently used as awaiting  ��������� room for chance visitors, as there  was a table with writing materials in  the" middle, and she was asked to  write her name and. business on a  plain sheet of paper ruled for the purpose.  After a moment's hesitation, she  wrote her name, "Mabin Wrest," and  under the word "Business" put "Secretary's situation." With that the  man went away, and she was left  wondering whether .the next thing  would be the return of the .messenger with the news that no secretary  was  wanted.  At the end of a few minutes, however, she heard a sort of shriek of  affected laughter in a woman's voice,  and then the voices of a man and a  woman conversing in the hall through  which she had come. Presently the  woman's voice said, with a note of  resignation: "Well, I've got to see  one of these secretary people. I'll  get rid of her as quickly as lean."  And then the door opened, and  there entered a woman to whom she  took an instinctive and strong dislike.  Yet there was nothing very forbidding about the appearance of the  lady whom Mabin rightly guessed to  be Lady Moorhampton. About 35  years of age, but looking younger by  the aid of judicious art, she was tall  and carried herself well. She- was  perhaps jathcr striking,in appearance  than handsome, her nose being rather  too long, and her mouth loose-lipped  and not good. But her bronze-colored hair was beautifully dressed, the  loose indoor gown of pale grey cloth  trimmed with otter and, opening over  a rose-colored petticoat of velvet  trimmed with dead gold, was handsome and becoming; and Mabin confessed to .herself that'-it was prejudice rather than anything more excusable which made her dislike the  lady before she opened her mouth.  When Lady Moorhampton spoke,  however, reason supported prejudice.  No woman who was quite admirable,  or quite lovable, would have addressed in such a supercilious tone another  woman of whom she knew nothing.  In every look and tone she showed the arrogance of a woman of superior rank speaking to an inferior  who must be made to feel her position.  "You have come about the post of  secretary to Lord Moorhampton," I  understand? Pray how did you hear  it was vacant? Do you come from  a registry office, or what?"  Mabin felt that the words and the  tone bit into her self-respect, and  for a moment the impulse possessed  her, to- reply indignantly, arid to say  that she wished to see Lord Moorhampton.  Some instinct, however, Warned her  not to give up the quest on which she  had come so quickly. So she bit her  lip, kept���������or appeared to keep ��������� her  temper; and answered with ostenta1  tious meekness:  "I heard about a secretary being  wanted quite by accident, and I have  come from no office. If the post is  filled, I must apologise for troubling  you."  There was something dignified in  the icy reserve of her tone, arid in  the manner in which she kept her  eyes cast down even while she addressed this arrogant lady. Her demeanor brought about a change in  Lady Moorhampton's manner, and  she burst into a modified version of  the high, shrieking laugh Mabin had  heard  in  the  hall.  The alternation of spasms of flight-  rncss with spasms of insolence seemed to Mabin so ill-bred that she was  surprised at the combination in a  woman of the position of Lady Moorhampton.  icrc's no need lo apologise," she  had brought her to the house, than  his alternately haughty and flippant-  mannered  wife.  Lady Moorhampton  w'cnl on:  "Can you  work a typewriter?"  "Yes."  "And   write  French?"  "Yes "  "And read aloud?"  ."Oh,   cr���������-J     think   so.     I've   never  tried much, but���������������������������"  Lady Moorhampton  cut her short:  "Arc you  good-tempered?"  "I'm not quite sure," said Mabin,  who felt that, if she were, she would  soon lose that quality.if she were lo  sec'much of her questioner.  "Because it's not of the slightest  use for' you to come here if you're  not. He's frightfully trying, _ and  well,' perhaps 1 am, too, sometimes.  And���������Oil, are you fond of children?"  "Children!" echoed Mabin in surprise.   ��������� .'-'.  "Yes. Because I have a son, a  little boy-���������he's only a year old, but  of course he's a very iriiportant personage here."  Boy Scout Notes  Duke  of Connaught  Speaks  of Boy  Scout Movement During a Farewell Visit to  Toronto  Farming in the Yukon  Possibilities of Yukon as a Farming  Country  Just  Beginning  to  Be Understood  His Royal Highness the Duke of There are possibilities in the de-  Connaught inspected upwards of 2,000 vclopmciit of farming in the Yukon  Boy Scouts during his farewell visit 'and recently Dr.' Thompson, the  to the Canadian National Exhibition, member for thai district, has been  and in addressing them afterwards,!Posing for the establishment of an  spoke as follows: ��������� j experimental     farm     in     the    north.  '.'Scoutmasters and  Scouts:  l'want  Whilc.it is not likely thai action  will  lo tell you how pleased I am on this  last visit of mine to have lhe oppor-'  tunity to be present on this occasion.  This is a-Jargc gathering of Scouts,  and you arc to be congratulated for  your performance. I have always taken a great interest in you and I am  extremely proud of you. During the  past five years in which I have been  Chief Scout of this great. Dominion j?  and President    of tlie    Headquarters1"  be taken immediately since the pre  sent population docs not warrant the  expenditure, an official of tlic Department of Agriculture has visited  tlie district the past summer, and a  few tests may be started next year.  A matter of importance to the  business interests of the Yukon is the  high price of hay, which for the most  part has to be imported from Washington and Idaho and sells at'$75 lo  "I should have thought a secretary  - " began  Mabin.  Again Lady Moorhampton broke  into a shrill laugh.    .  "Oh, you wouldn't, have anything  to do with my son, of -course'.'���������" He  has a whole army of nurses to look  after him. But I-couldn't'have anyone about me-who was not fond of  children, because I'am .��������� well, superstitious, perhaps you would call it. 1  believe in influences, and 1 wan': my.  son   to   have   none   but  happy  influ  $80 a ton. Jn the winter as high as  $140 a ton is paid for.it and the average for the year round will probably  run as high "as $100 a ton. As# there  are many horses being worked in the  country now it would mean a tremendous saving to the owners if hay  could be produced "locally.    There is  the' presentation     of .fen 1������"���������^^^'^  Council, I have followed your movements closely and I assure you it is  with the deepest regret ' that I am  (leaving you. You have set '-a-.brilliant  example iu what you have .done,-'.and  I can only say, Do .your duty thoroughly and well." .-".'���������'",' -'""���������:  ' One0of the,happy incidents of the  occasion , was  Horses jnthe War     j Russians In Fran<  J  Glimpses of Picturesque Continge'.J  ' That Came by Sea to Western  *?ront  TT. Warner Allen, representative'!]  the  British  press     with   ,lhe Frcjjj  army, writes as follow's: fa  These Russian  soldiers     came /Is  France by sea;  but  their  way hd.7  ���������lies  through   Germany.     "I  told M  til All    " rn!.1 /"*��������� _ 1 1  enccs around him.    Do you sec:  "I'm very fond of children," said  Mabin in a low voices, wondering  whether'this would be a good opportunity to bring,in the story of the boy  in whom she was interested, and suddenly deciding, after another look  into the face before her, that .it-  would not.  "Are you?, Then you may as well  come and see Lord .Moorhampton.  He is in his study, writing by himself. He'll sec you if you come with  me.    Come this way."  Before Mabin could make any objection, Lady . M-oorhampton. had  thrown open the door and was gliding across the floor of the hall, towards a curtained door, where she  turned, and, assuming an attitude  which, if affected, was graceful, waited for the girl to follow her. '  The man w'ho had been sprawling  on the settee had changed his position, and was now standing with his  back to.the fire, with his hands' behind his back and a cigar in his  mouth. J  "Hallo!" said he, addressing Lady  Moorhampton, but with his. eyes, fixed on Mabin.  Lady Moorhampton laughed with a  languishing  look,  She seemed to imply that she was  undergoing a very fatiguing ordeal  in this personally conducted expedition across the hall; and Mabiri, who  walked on stolidly as if noticing nothing, made up her mind more decidedly than ever that this was the  woman of all she had ever met the  'most-antipathetic-to her.  She followed her conductress behind the portiere and along a short  passage lighted by a window at the  extreme end.  "May I come in?" asked the ladj*,  stopping in front of one of the doors  anel assuming a voice of artificial  sweetness. ;      ������������������  There was no answer, and she  turned -tlie .handle and beckoned Mabin to follow her. The girl was  struck by the atmosphere of luxury  and case'which the apartment presented. Never before had she been  in a library so handsome or so cosy-  looking. The rich "colors'of the carpet, the harmonious tints of the  heavy curtains, of tlie massive furniture, struck her with admiration.  While the walls lined with filled  bookcases, the fire burning brightly  in a handsome hooded fireplace, the  two hounds lying asleep on a tiger-  skin on the hearth, all helped to give  an air of comfort and charm 'o a  room _ which, large as it was, gave  every indication vi being cosy, too.  The" window was open, and Lady  Moorhampton crossed the flooi- lo  look out. A stone terrace ran along  the back of the house, and from it as  Mabin could see there was a splendid  prospect of hill and dale, stream and  woodland.  "He must be in the grounds,' said  Lady Moorhampton in a tone of resignation as she went out, leaving  Mabin   alone   in   the   room.  The girl    looked    around her,    and  her  attention   was   caught   by  a   full  length   painting  in   oils     above     tlie  "But   I! hooded   mantelpiece  War Service badges to a' large number of Scouts in recognition of services rendered a short time ago when,  adopting the slogan "Every berry a  bullet," they went into the fruit farms  of Oakville district and took, the  place's ' of regular berry, pickers Who j  had enlisted for overseas service.  The Forestry badge instituted by  the Canadian General Council of the  Boy Scouts' Association in "Policy,  Organization and Rules for Canada"  takes the place of the Woodman's  badge. The requirements for this  badge have been carefully- gone into  by a committee of Canada's foremost  forestry experts, led by Mr. .Clyde  Lcavitt, of the Conservation Commission. Mr. Lcavitt is, with the assistance of Dr. Gordon Hewitt, Dominion Etymologist, writing the text  mattcrof the badge which will- be  embodied in the Canadian edition of  "Bov Scout Tests and How to Pass  Them".". -,,->"  One of the features of the: tests, is  the provision made for the careful  study of forest fires and ways and  means of preventing them. The clause  dealing with this phase ...of'the:~test  reads: Tell: what are the. effects of  fires on soil, young : forest growth  and mature timber; principal causes  of forest fires and how* best to overcome them; give three general  classes of forest fires and tell how to  fight them.  There are certain days during  childhood that one always remembeis  as milestones marking some events  which leave a lasting impression.  Tuesday, September 5th, will be-long  remembered by nine small boys who,  as Wolf Cubs, the junior organization  of the Boy Scouts' Association, received marked attention at the farewell rally from Canada's Chief Scout,  'His Royal Highness the Duke of  Connaught. Too young to take part  in the marching, these youngsters  were yet accorded a place on the parade ground. The little fellows stood  eagerly watching His Royal High-  ncss's movements, little dreaming  that the Chief Scout would sec them  at all. His Royal Highness finished  a close inspection of the Scouts, and  turning,, went direct to the little fellows, inspected them all and then  said: "You arc as good: as any of  them; good hick to you." The Cub  motto is "Do-your'best," and Toronto's Cubs may-well be proud-of  their first  inspection.  not the best of food for hard-worked  animals, and in the winter all the Yukon horses are hard worked.  , To assist the government _Jhi the  agricultural experiments, one of the  largest mining companies now operating iu the country has placed ten  acres at their disposal for experimental purposes. Tn addition lo this, Mr.  J. W. Boyle, the manager, .who is an  enthusiast in the matter, has arranged  for the help necessary so that all the  government will have lo do is to flip  SS^/^iSjfcft^    horse-buying  agents,  it- was' thought  Sharing   the  Transport   Work   With  the Motor  , From time immemorial the horse  has played its noble part in warfare.  There is a reference to it in the Bible���������in the Book of Job���������and the first  sculptured remains of a horse which  the archaelogisls have brought lo  light are those of an animal accoutred  for war. . a-   -.        ^   ,.���������,���������. ,  When a Comprehensive history of men," safd Coloncl"!'Notchvoiocr* J  this war comes to be written it will commanding the First Regiment '! <  be found that the part in relation ' ter on/ interminable voyage, th'a, i  to remount's is not the least roman-jwas possible to bring troops' such1.1'  tic. ��������� I enormous distance lo    fight, but *"  I he Live Stock Journal of London j for nothing in the world would I i-  (Eng.)   comments  as  follows   on   the   sent  to    their    being-taken back"!  situation: - ���������    -" - -   - ' H  "On the western front, it is true,  the opportunities for work iu the  saddle have been few, comparatively,  and on' the extensive lines of ' communication the motor-mechanic nas  largely superseded the groom. Further east, too, where,'there -ire  chances -for swift raids, the heroic  and self-sacrificing work of man and  horse has not come into the limelight  as the races of the fleeting armoured  cars or the dashing exploits of aeroplanes. Shakespeare's cry, "O, for a  horse with wings" has figuratively  found an answer. None the less, the  work of the -remount depots has excelled in-importance and exceeded in  volume that of any previous wrar.  "Germany all along has been spectacular -wilh the ingenuities of warfare, and'.when the work of the Uhlans tried to'"screen the dash through  Belgium, and -sensational stories  gained currency of 'lhe pre-war activity  in   our- midst  of   the   enemy's  will be broken this fall and in the  spring the government will, send in  seed, and next year all kinds of forJ  age plants, with special reference :o  hay, will lie grown in order lo tee  what the Yukon country will do.  Dr. Malle, the Dominion Agroslo-  logist, who made the agricultural  survey, says that wonderful vegetables are now grown in the Yukon  and that as a matter of fact the  country is growing nearly all the  vegetables it uses. Celery, radishes,  lettuce, parsnips, cauliflower, potatoes, and all the other well-known  vegetables    attain    great size in    the  by many that our remount depart  mcnl had been enjoying a Rip Van  Winkle sleep. When the veil of secrecy with which the censor has  shrouded all the ramifications of the  war is lifted the nation will find in  this, as in other directions, that John  Bull, though, apparently nodding  pleasantly in the land of dreams, had  one eye open, and his brain was  alert and planning. The machinations of the enemy's agents served to  give a stimulus, perhaps sometimes  needed, to horse breeding in our rural districts, and when, on tlie eve of  were made abroad  in  Yukon   and  are  as "palatable,   if   nol|war*  gambles  - - cargoes    of horses there    were many  1  tlie  '"I'll  said,  more  good-lumiorcdly,  have  to   sec  so   many  people.     Lord I     A  cry broke     from  heir    lips.  Moorhampton   is   vcry���������what   shall   I, blood rushed to her checks, and she  say?���������vcry exacting, you know,    and , gazed at the picture with eyes which  difficult   to  please.    So   that   really  I j instinctively filled  with  tears.       The  get  tired   of  engaging   people.       It's | portrait  was  that of a-boy of fifteen  the gout, I suppose, that makes  him j or sixteen    standing    beside a pony,  irritable.    And   this    time   it   seemed, and looking out from the canvas with  so strange that you should come, fori blue  eyes full  of merriment and  the  it was only yesterday that he told his I joy of life.  present secretary, or rather made  mc!      Mabin gazed earnestly    at the por-.  tell her it's  I  who  have to do all '  these    pleasant     things! that     he  The Songbird Silenced  British Soldier's Letter Tells of a  Tragedy of the Trench  The following little story of the  trenches is contained in a letter from  a British  soldier in France:  "The Saxons used to have a chap  with them named Paul, who had a  lovely voice and used to sing all the  latest songs. He was easily heard in  our front trenches, and his songs  were enjoyed by our fellows as well  as  the Germans.  "One day when" things were quiet  there was no singing and one of our  men called out to the Germans, 'Tell  Paul lo sing.' Back came the answer,  preceded by a string of guttural German curses: 'You cliuted Paul yesterday.'"���������Baltimore  News.  trait,    and    only withdrew    her eyes  when Lady    Moorhampton,    with an  should not want her after this week." J affected   shiver,   re-entered  the rcom,  Mabin said nothing. She did not  want to be engaged as secretary, so  that Lord Moorhampton's ill temper  did not really matter to her. Bit1- she  wanted to see'him,'for she thought,  -"in spite of what she had been told,  that she might find it easier to approach    him with the subject    which  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by expo-  Eeure to Son, Dusf and Wfad  ���������w w g^ ~������ quickly relieved by Murine  W %2 S& E*e Hen*edy. No Smarting,  v just Eye  Comfort.    At  Yow Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Eyo  galYeiriTubes25c. ForBookoflbeEyeFreeank  Pn-ggjstii oi MaxiaeRye Remedy Co., Chicago  W.  N.       U.  1126  declaring that she did not know what  had become of her husband.  "Is that his portrait when he was a  boy?" asked Mabin with a fast-beating heart.  Keenly on the alert, she saw an  abrupt change come over tlie lady's  countenance at tlie  question.  Lady Moorhampton glanced with  a slight frown at the picture and answered in icy  tones:  "That? Oh, no.- -That is not Lord  Moorhampton. That is his son, Ci-  prian."  Mabin was silent, desperately interested, but perplexed and afraid to  say more.  For she knew Ciprian, son of Lord j  Moorhampton, was the man with thci  fair beard. '  (To Be Continued.)  Care of British Graves  The following is an extract from a  letter received from a soldier at the  front: "Considerable care is exercised in the registration and upkeep of  the graves of British troops. I have  seen many such cemeteries which arc  really beautiful, each little plot being  marked with a wooden cross bearing  details of the brave fellow lying, beneath. The graves themselves are  often covered with a mass of flowers, bordered with a fresh green grass  edging."  more so, than the vegetables "grown  farther south. In the matter of potatoes considerable difficulty was experienced at first as they were very  wet and soggy. After persevering  for several j-cars, however, using the  Yukon seed, a fine potato was developed���������just as <good as those raised  in British Columbia. There arc now  many vegetable farms in the Yukon  in the vicinity of Dawson City and  some big crops are produced. Dr.  Malte saw potatoes on his trip there  that, he said should, run to 350 and  in some - cases '400 bushels to the  acre. .'���������'... ^  In the experiments, that will be  conducted next summer several new  varieties of vegetables and small  fruits will be tried out, as is now being done in the Peace River country.  There is hardly any grain grown  in the Yukon, but there-is some  wheat, and on Aug. 17 Dr. Malte says  that he saw wheat fully ripened  which " will.surpass anything in the  rest of the Dominion.  - The difficulty that has to be ''contended-with in the Yukon is Jie  breaking of. the ground. The frost  is quite'near the surface, and it takes  several seasons of cultivation before  the obstacles in this regard are overcome. Once this is accomplished,  however, the crops are just-as large,  if not larger, and the quality as good  as in any' other portion of the Dominion.  chuckles in this country at the way  in which the vigilance of our navy resulted in unexpected acquisitions to  our equine stocks.  "In dwelling on remount work .'n  Britain, it would be idle to look to  lh-- main British front for tangible  results of the manifold labors or the  heavy expenditure. Attention i-.ust  be directed to all the theatres of war,  and interest centred in the distances  and the: nature of the".country which  separated .the advancing or defending forces from their bases.- They,  arc not all native-born horses which  have carried the men, the food and  the interminable paraphernalia of war  into the war zone' Even if there  were not many mounted units yvith  the divisions concerned, horses, mules  or donkeys have been and arc wanted,  for paths which the motor transport  cannot follow, and though pictures  are published of tractors with heavy  guns there arc other guns which  teams of horses arc needed to bring  into action." -  Value   of Fresh  Air  Young     human   plants,     like   most  growing   things,   need   fresh   air  and  sunshine.    A  recent   English   investi- ! distinction"In"Canada.       gation gives eloquent, figures that :risters, rich and retired country gen  bear on that need. Near Liverpool j uenien, heads of manufacturing  is a model village called Port Sun- piants, retail merchants, retiring and  light,     which      a  wise   manufacturer , rclircci  financiers  have by the  score,  Cheap Military Titles  When is this silly business of "pre-:  senting unmilitary men .with military  titles" going to cease? Scarcely a day  goes by but'-we are regaled with a  new list from Ottawa. Once upon-a  time wc laughed at the host of Southern Majors and Colonels. We. can afford to do so no longer, and it may  be ..said that for the most part the  southerner earned his title in the  field. Wc have about got to the point  when  to be  a _plain "Mr." will  be  a  Briefless bar-  built for his'workmen. Nevertheless  some of the vvorkmen and their families, still remain in Liverpool. The  study had to do with the sons of the  workmen   of the  two  classes.       The  seven-year-old    boys    growing up in j Colonel    who  Port Sunlight arc, on an average, 47 i scarred    from  nay by the hundreds, been plastered  with military honors, to which they  have not the remotest right or title.  The  rank injustice to  real  soldiers  lis surely,apparent.    Is  the Major or  comes    back    battle-  the  bloody    fields  of  sea.   ' We are going to fight our  back to Russia by land, at the Hji  onct's  point.    .   .���������   .   The  men w| j  delighted   at the idea,    because, ���������A  mc, they hate the  sea." ������|  At first glance the Camp de Mai'  may differ not at all from any orcjj  ary camp���������commodious wooden hi;  ranged in orderly lines,  muddy o|''  spaces,  and   all   the  bustle "of  cav  life.    But then the  eye  falls' on li  regimental colors, carefully rolled s'  sheathed to  protect "them from     !  rain,   standing  m   the   centre- of \  huts allotted to the regiment, wit*  grey uniformed sentinel standing -j.  side them motionless as a. statue.;  "Good day, sentinel," says . j*  colonel as he passes. In stenton i  tones the sentinel replies, at {j|  salute: "At your service, your i  cellcncy; all is well." Nothing.!.,  more typical of the Russian spiT  than -the relations between "offiei  and men. They are patriarchal, '���������  rather paternal, in their simplici'f  Wherever the colonel .goes he cJ}  out his greeting, and the men ref-j  in heai-ty unison. A private mSy j  50 or 60 yards away, and the sa/ij  formality takes place. When the h-'ja  are grouped together, whether tk/w  be 10, 20, or the whole regiment, thi  reply to the colonel's salutation j  shouted out, as'by one man, with-  vigorpus sincerity that tells both {  dcvoTion and discipline.  The   Russian     soldier's   uniform  practical,      simple,      and    admirab  adapted  for modern   war.     The  mfyjj  one   and  a)i   an-  w*ll   built   and   a*!*;  mirably "drilled and  disciplined. Tli if  come from all parts of Russia. Evc-V,  regiment   has    its   chorus of singciCjj  These  are men who,  in   their natiyg  towns    and   villages    have   made   . '  name for themselves by their voice'  and they sing with  a degree of n?/y,  ural   feeling and  expression,  as  wfljjl  as"with a perfection of technique thj\'-|  would put to shame the trained.;choi.^  of less  musical  countries.     At niat^;  where the Russian singing is -best.-'l'l  be appreciated, the ikons,  the sacrcjl  image's  of the     regiment,     some:   fi,,  which were very ancient, were set-m|  a little hut with only three*=sides, any-  before them burned countless tapes-  that   smoked   and   guttered   myth  wind.   The hut was painted in brigh  colors   w-ith the  iiaive  designs  of '���������  Russian isba,.    In the open, facing th|'  ikons, was*  massed    the ������������������ whole ��������� reg.'|-^  ment, bareheaded. .Under the roof o.:  the  little  chapel, at  the  head of hi  men,   stood  the  colonel,   and arount1,  him his officers. The priest, theregij  mental chaplain, w-as a striking figur-i'"  in  his  robes of ���������-white _ silk, and witlV  hi j long .hair, and'flowing beard.-   H<|,  had been ���������������������������-through"; the whole    cam*"!  paign in Russia, and wears about hi?|  neck  a   golden , crossi'     a, decoratiori;  that liad'-.'been conferred:  upoh; 'hiir";;  by the Emperor of Russia.', '.'""-."-"���������'.-v (I  iJiti  i:  '    The-Farm Home  ���������In-the'country and everywhere in*-  efficiency is due to a lack of the right]  kind  of education and  to  a  wanton''  waste of health and  strength.    Magnificent    types of women    have been' f]  developed under the opportunities off j  the open    country.      The admihistra- jj  tion   of   a   home  in   the   country  de- ,*]  mands and develops  the whole pow-|j  ers of a highly endowed person. The'-"'  existence of the race,  the health andfj  education  of the child,  the  ideals of]  young men  and  women  are  in  turn J  entrusted to the keeping of whoever 5j  makes a home.    The use and appor-!  tionment of a scanty income in order'  that tlie    intellectual    and  social natures may expand presents a problem'  as   brain-racking almost, as  financing  a world  w-ar.      An alert    interest in!  inches    tall    and weigh    50  pounds; , Flanders lo salute as his superior the I community    matters  like    the school K  "A word carelessly spoken may do  great   harm."  "That's right. You ought to see  what one careless word from die umpire did to our ball team this afternoon."    "**  those iu Liverpool arc 44.3 inches tall  and weigli 43 pounds. The figures  for the eleven-year-old. boys in Port  Sunlight are 57 inches and 79 pounds;  for those in Liverpool, 51.8 inches  and 59 pounds. The fourteen-year-  old boys in Port Sunlight average 62  inches and 108 pounds; those in Liverpool, 56.2 inches and 75.8 pounds.���������  From the Youth's Companion.  Brigadier or Major-General who  never got nearer a real war than the  armories?���������Toronto   Saturday   Night.  Land Values  Will ten or twenty years sec land  values conic to rest? No man can  tell. All depends on how far the  neighborhood has already gone; how  far it may further be developed. But  the farmer buying land should have  Ancients   Insured  Crops jn nl;nci the fact that he must justify  The rural Indians of Peru still be- -his judgment by the profits made on  ieve in "paying thcTncas," for fear1 the investment through farming ra-  that their crops will fail if the ancient [thcr than the gain realized on the rise  observances are neglected. Burnt | of land values. When we get to  offerings of drugs and aromatic plants | looking at farming from this stand-  arc still made, and small images are I point, excluding speculation from  buried iu the fields for the benefit of lour minds, it becomes clear that the  the crops and the herds. Such arc mere size of the farm becomes seethe stone carvings, called mullo, or.ondary to the production and net an-  pidras     de   Charasani,    that  arc jstill   nual  income.    The  size also depends  and the church broadens sympathies  and enlarges usefulness.���������Breeders'  Gazette.  "So you spent a quiet vacation on  tlie farm?"  "I thought it would be, but dogs  were barking, frogs croaking and the  farmer's baby was teething."  sold in the native market of La Paz,  Bolivia.���������National Geographic  Maga-  Szine.  Full many a boss to power floats  Which  winds up in a flivver  By  promising  a  lot  of /votes  Which he cannot deliver. ":  upon the kind of farming followed,  and upon our success in solving the  labor problem. Where one can get  labor he is going to operate as big a  farm as his business ability will allow.  This holds true whether a grain, live  stock or dairy farm be under consideration.���������Farm  Stock and  Home.  Physical Culture in Prison  ,A group of 30 prisoners at Sing  Sing have been trained by the physical department of the West Side  Y.M.C.A. of New York to act as ti  teachers of physical culture to their'{)  fellow convicts. Great benefit is ex- Ji  pected from tli is work, says The'].1  Outlook, for men who have abundant 5  physical exercise of a wholesome .V  kind arc far less likely to become j  vicious, sullen or desperate than if j>  they arc required to sit .inactive in i  their cells. 4  "You can't unscramble an egg," rc������  L  marked the sententious person.      '.',    l!  "I don't wish to," replied the practical citizen. "I'm perfectly content  if I can afford the egg, regardless of  how it's cooked."  When    may a man    be said to bo  thoroughly sewn up?  When  he has  pins  and needle* in  i  his foot and a stitch in his side.  <q  4  m R-HN  jft^tpr4Hy t%������W'--W mwiiy  THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.      C. ^  ,.?,,  Marketing of Grain  in  I  m  Bovril  makes   other   foods  . nourish you.   It has a Body-  , building power proved equal ���������  ��������� to from 10 to  20 times the  amount   of   Bovril    taken.  The Lights  Of 65 Years  Are still doing; duty iu  the shape of  Eddy's - '  Matches  Sixty - five years ago  the first Canadian-made  Matches were made at  -Hull 'by Eddy and  since that time, for  materials and striking  qualities, Eddy's have  been -the acknowledged best.  list,  When Buying Matches  Specify " Eddy's."   ,  Over   Three Thousand   Elevators  Western Canada, with a Total  Capacity of 151,738,000 Bus.  Most of the grain of Manitoba, Saskatchewan arid Alberta is handled at  railway stations in the grain-producing country. Some of these elevators  are owned by farmers, some by farmers' co-operative organizations, ��������� and  some by grain dealers and milling  companies. In addition to the ordinary elevators at country points are  a number of large terminal elevators  at Foit William and' Port Arthur,  one of which is a Dominion Govern-*  ment elevator, and Government terminal elevators located at Moose  Jaw, Saskatoon, Calgary and Vancouver. All grain dealers must be licensed and bonded, thus securing the  farmer from loss cither through dishonesty, unfairness or financial embarrassment of the dealer. There are  few stations in Western Canada at  which there arc not"one or more elevators. There are altogether 3,037  elevators in Western Canada, with a  total  capacity of 151.738,000 bushels.  The farmer may deliver his wheal  lo the elevator and receive cash for  it, or, if he thinks the market likely  to rise, he may store his wheat in the  elevator and secure a storage ticket  showing thajt he is entitled to a stated number of bushels of wheat of a  certain grade. This enables him to  sell his wheat when the market-is  most favorable. Or, if he prefers lo  load his grain into a car without dealing with the elevator he may_ do so  over the loading platforms-which^ are  provided���������at grain shipping points.  The railways are compelled by law  to erect these platforms at stations  from which wheat in carload lots is  shipped.  when people cannot afford to accept  anything but the very best for their  mo*il'ey. Zam-Buk has been proved  by thousands to be tho best ointment obtainable for skin ailments  and injuries, because it cures when  other treatments fall, and becauso  its cures are permanent. You taka"  no clrancea when you buy Zam-Buk.  Only the really good things aro  imitated! Proof of Zam-Buk's superiority Is provided by tho great'  number of imitations and substitutes which have been put on the  market. Don't be deceived, however, by anything represented as  " just as good." There is nothing  " Just as good " as Zam-Buk. All  druggists, 60c. box, 3 for ?1.25, or  direct from Zam-Buk Co., Toronto.  8enu lc. stamp for postage on free  trial box.  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  Something better than' linen and biff laundry  bills. Wash it with soap and water All  stores or direct. State style and size. Foi  15c. we will mail you.  THE ARLINGTON CO*VII-ANT,OF  CANADA, Limited  . S8 Fraeer Avonu*. Toronto, Ontario  America's  Pioneer  I Dbg Remedies  HOOK  OX  DOG DISEASES  And How to Feed  Mailed Ireo  to  any  address  by  tho Author  H.CLAY GLOVER CO., Inc.  11.8 West 31st Street, New York  ."Wood's Pk0S|)M������s9v  The Great Erigliah Remedy.  Tones and invigorates tho whole  nervoun system, makes now Blood  in old Veins, Cures- Nervous  Debility, Mental and Brain Worru.-JJespon-  dency,.Loss of linerov, Palpitation of the  Heart, Failing Memory. _ Price 81 per box, six  for $5. Ono will plaaoe, six will cure. . Sold by all  druggists or mailed in plnin -pkg. on receipt, of  price. Nnoruiinphlftmailed. free. TKSA&OOD  MEDICINE! CO.rtCa0ST0,0������T.  <.**ra:iifVkisarJ  C-HE NEW F������tENCH REMEDY. Nat. Wo2. HA  THERAPIONSo^^S  frsatsucce������j, cures chronic weakness, lost vigo������  H VIM KIDNEY BLADDER.-DISEASES. BLOOD FOISOII.  PILES Klt-HEH NO. DKUOGISTS or MAIL SI.-POST ��������� CTB  rOIIGERA Co. ������0. BEEKMANST NEW YORK Or LYMAN BKOl  Vironto.   write for FREE hook to Dr. Le Clebo  .ED CO HaVERSTOCKRD.HAMPSTEAD. LONDON. EMO.  ������-aV NEW DRAGEE-TASTELESS) FOItMOF    EASY TO TAK8  ' -"- " ~&B    SAFK AND  !**B LASTING CURB.  ������EE THAT TRADE MARKED WORD ' THERAPION "IS OW  BRIT. GOVT STAMP AFFIXED TO ALL GENUINE rACKET*  WANTED���������Representative, either  sex, Europe's Greatest World War  and Lord Kitchener's career. Salary  or .Commission. Experience unnecessary. Credit given. Sample free, send  postage, ten cents. Nichols, Limited,  Publishers, Toronto.  Certain morbid conditions must exist in the stomach and intestines to  encourage worms, and they will exist  as long as these morbid conditions  permit them to. To be rid of them  and spare the phild suffering, use  Miller's Worm Powders. They will  correct the digestive irregularities by  destroying the* worms, conditions favorable lo worms will disappear, and  the child *.- ill have no more suffering  from that cause.  Him: I don't know how to tell you  I love you.  Her: Don't worry about that���������I'll  take it as it"comes. What you want  to get nervous about is how to tell  papa about it.  Lomax: Did your watch stop when  it dropped on the floor?  Snooks: Of course! Did you think  it would  go through?  Woman Novelist  Tells of the War  Mrs. Atherton   Returns After    Four  Months' Tour of French Front  Mrs. Gertrude Atherton, novelist, is  back in New Yoik after a four  months' tour of the French front,  where she got as far as Nancy and  was   ically   under   fire,   although   not  "The pen is mightier than the  sword!" remarked the earnest citizen.  "That used, to be the case," replied  Mr. Chtiggins, as he wiped his hands  on'his hip pockets; "but what counts  now is a monkey-wrench or a pair  of pliers."  "How do you manage to miss your  way so often when you go touring?"  "That's/ easily explained," replied  Mr. Chuggins. "It's due to the kind  of a car I bought. They give you a  joke book with it instead of a road  map." '  "Made in Canada"  Best for Quality, Style  and Value. Guaranteed for all climates.  ASK  YOUR  DEALER  W.      N.      U.  1126  she was given a military automobile  in which to make her inspection. She  is convinced that the war will end in  favor of the Allies by May or. June,  and said that Russia is expected to  go straight through to Berlin, where  terms will be dictated to the German  Emperor and where England and  France will not influence the severity  of these terms.  "The devastation of the country is  complete." Mrs. Atherton said, "and  partly unnecessary, for the Germans  partly destroyed villages that they  had passed through when they were  advancing and tore to pieces and  burned the remnants when they were  forced back,by the drive of the Allies  on the. west front.   -������������������-���������-.���������  "The atrocities of the Germans cannot be told.'. They cannot be whispered. Tliey cannot be photographed,.  For they arc beyond the power of  any of these to  describe.  A Powerful Medicine.���������The healing  properties in six essential oils are  concentrated in every bottle of Dr.  Thomas'. Eclectric Oil, forming one  of the most beneficial liniments ever  offered, to the use of man. Thousands  can testify as to its power in allaying pain, and many thousands more  can certify that they owe their health  to it. Its wonderful power is not expressed by its cheapness.  Naval Supremacy  Great Britain is Taking No Chances  on the Naval Question  At the first burst of the war, seemingly by some providential accident,  Great Britain had the bulk of her  fighting ships at the one critical spot,  and the whole German naval force  was instantly paralyzed, as far *as immediate use was concerned. 'From  that time on has continued a far  greater shipbuilding contest than the  wildest imagination could forecast,  and in this contest England is hopelessly in the lead with practically every necessary condition in her favor.  She has many- times more men and  money, far better facilities, and complete freedom of trade with the entire world for materials. She is building whole squadrons and small fleets  of war vessels of various types.  Within one week from the date of  the Jutland ..fight - she could have  launched just twice the number of destroyers that she lost in 'that fight.  Many more are on the ways and'she  is daily launching new boats of various classes.  Many_ of the boats now'nearing  completion are far superior to any  vessel now afloat. A single battle  cruiser, about completed is larger and  far more powerful than the largest  and most powerful super-Dreadnought afloat and speedier than the  fastest cruiser.  But there is at least one class of  "mystery" ships about which no one  except the vcry inner circles knows  anything definite. These arc completely enclosed within high walls inside of the enormous naval yards. It  is rumored that they are a totally  new type of battleship, entirely outclassing the greatest super-dreadnoughts, armed with 20-inch guns capable of shooting projectiles of three-  ton weight to a distance of 35 miles  in  the actually dangerous zone.     By.jjfiath-dealing machines  of unimagin-  courlesy   of  the   French   government  able magnitude.       England is  taking  no chau.ces ���������on the naval question.  Inexhaustible Reserves  German Expert Says Russia Can Continue War For Ever  The Vossischc Zcitung, of Berlin,  in a long article written by a military  expert, admits that the hope of a  breakdown of Russia for lack of reserves will never be realized. The  writer concludes that the Czar has  human material enough to continue  the war almost for ever;  "At the beginning of the war Russia had 172,000,000 inhabitants," the  expert says. "This means the population of the Russian Empire was almost three times as large as that of  Germany. The annual increase in  Russia amounts to more than two  million souls, against 900,000 in Germany. Under these conditions the  Czar has more than one million new  soldiers at his disposal every year,  while the recruits in Germany only  number  450,000 'at best.  "With the enormous birth rate of  47 per thousand inhabitants, Russia  is able to kcci) her army at its present  strength for ar unlimited time even  if more than a million soldiers should  be killed, totally disabled, or captured in a year. For Germany the loss  of a million men per year means a  serious weakening of the army, because only 450,000 men can be replaced.  "The exhaustion of the man power  of Russia-is out of the question, but  the breakdown of the colossus will  surely come as soon as England and  France are no longer able to furnish  the enormous^sums of money needed  by the Czar."'  Avoid Harsh Pills!  Doctors Condemn Them  Most Pills unfortunately arc harsh  and drastic; they cause inflammation  and great discomfort.. Rather like  nature is the way a pill should act,  mildly but effectively. Science has  established nothing more satisfactory  as a family pill than the old reliable  pills of Dr. Hamilton's, which for  forty years have had a premier place  in America. Dr. Hamilton's Pills ^are  ver}- mild and can be effectively^used  by the aged, by children, and indeed  by men and women of all ages. No  stomach or bowel medicine is more  reliable. . No remedy for indigestion,  headache or biliousness^ is so effective, so mild, so certain to quickly  cure as a 25c box of Dr. Hamilton's  Pills.  Her Dad: So you want to marry  my daughter?    I like your nerve!  Suitor: Well, sir, you ought to. I  spent a whole-lot of time working it  up. -  Minard's Liniment Cures Burns, Etc,  An Essay on Men  A little girl wrote the following  composition on men:  "Men are what women marry. They  drink and smoke and swear, but don't  go to church. Perhaps if they wore  bonnets they would. They are more  logical than women, also more zoological. Both men and women sprang  from monkeys, but the women sprang  farther  than  the  men."  "Some oTthc greatest problems of  life arc yet struggling for solution."  "Yes, but don't worry. Graduation  clay essays are on the way. They'll  settle 'cm."  4*  Can quickly be overcome by  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  Purely veg-'abls  ���������act surely and  gcnlly on tl-  liver. Cure  Biliousness,  Head-  ache,  Diizi-  nws, and Indigestion.    They  do  their duty.  Small Pili, Small Dojo, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  The Market Report  Contributed by Randall, Gee & Mitchell, Ltd., Grain Merchants,  Winnipeg  A careful study of conditions would  lead one to believe that the present  high levels do not exaggerate the  facts governing the crop situation.  Statistics on the Canadian crop estimate the pioduclion of wheat in this  country at one hundred and sixty-  seven'million bushels, or practically  one-half of last year's crop.  We must remember, however, that  this is vcry close to the average production. Then we have the American  crop, which is estimated at approximately six hundred million bushels,  which is the lowest average for a  number  of years.  Both crops are going to be made  up of a goodly quantity of vcry low  grade wheat. In fact, the early shipments from Manitoba points have  showed a very heavy run of feed,,  wheat. This condition is also true in  the Minneapolis maiket. Reports  from that centre coincide with the  statements of millers here on the  low average of flour production of  these low grades.  The result is that the milling enterprises will have to buy up the  good wheat, that will mix with these  low grades and standardize the flour.  This accounts for the present widespread buying by the millers, which  would naturally make the cash situation very strong. This is evidenced  by the premiums that are being paid  for the top grades of Nos. 1, 2 and 3.  Market conditions for the past  week in Winnipeg have been of a  vcry narrow trading proposition.  Speculation is limited, and with this  feature out of the market it has forced those who want the actual wheat  to advance prices each and every  time they try to increase their holdings. Their offerings due to the narrow market appear as a burden, the  net result has been a very nervous  market with wild fluctuations.  The war situation continues to be  a big.'factor, and there docs not appear to be any doubt but what successes of the Allies in the Balkans  will have'a depresing effect. However, it remains to be seen (should  the Allies meet with these successes  we wish for) whether Russia's crop,  will be dumped on to the market as  rapidly as anticipated.  The general opinion among the  trade is that while wc might see a  great deal higher price for wheat, still  those that own it should lake advantage of present levels to market their  holdings.  GUARD BABY'S HEALTH  IN THE SUMMER  The summer months are the most  dangerous to children. The - complaints of that season, which are  cholera infantum, colic, diarrhoea  and dyscnlry, conic on so quickly that  often a little one is beyond aid before the mother realizes he is ill. The  mother must be on her guard to prevent these troubles, or if they do  come on suddenly to cure them. No  other medicine is of such aid to  mothers during hot weather ab is  Baby's Own Tablets. They regulate  the stomach and bowels and are .absolutely safe. Sold by medicine dealers or by mail at 25 cents a box from  The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co.,  Brockville, Ont.  ������.  EXCELSIOR  INSURANCE   8������Sf" IE      COMPANY  A& KXCLVti VSL Y CANABtAH COMPAMf'  ESTABLISHED 1090  Excelsior Policies Are Money Makers  Better  than any other cocoa  on the market���������and better because  only the finest and most expensive  products are used in the manufacture of Cowan's Perfection Cocoa.  -if,   ,r (*l"S^  ��������� '.?%.*���������??  * ,VJ\^M  , - < ^.r*.?l  -���������>*. -^-Ji'l  -   -sap  -i rim  -?������. "���������}  -'"V'ty -  U'"  '&���������  / '-'.'ST  ./r-y *  .,- ������tr  '     V#*������<.i  - -',*$���������  .ir.tffl-:  r*  'AS  ' VJit,  "* ?v/t  i*  When charged with being drunk  and disorderly, and asked what he  had to say for himself, the prisoner  gazed pensively at the magistrate,  smoothed down a' remnant of grey  hair, and  said: ���������  "Your Honor, man's inhumanity to  man makes ^countless thousands  mourn. I'm not as debased as. Swift,  as profligate as Byron, as dissipated  as Poe, as debauched as���������"  "That will do!" thundered the magistrate. "Ten days! And officer, take  a list of those names and run 'em in.  They are'as bad a lotas he is!"  When" Holloway's Corn Cure is  applied to a corn or wart it kills the  roots and the callosity comes out  without injury to the flesh.  M  ITGHELL,  ERCHANTS  470 Grain Exchange  WE GET RESULTS THAT SATISFY.  Write for market information.  - >���������?    -  NNEAPOLIS      WINNIPEG      DULU  l'������l  9' I  1.  James Richardson & Sons, Limited  GRAIN MERCHANTS '    "  Western Offices      -       -       Winnipeg, Calgary-Saskatoon  Specialists in the handling of farmers' shipments. Write,- wire  or  'phone  our  nearest  office  for quotations or information. *    ���������.,     *  Bill your cars "NOTIFY JAMES RICHARDSON%& .SONS,-  LIMITED," to insure careful checking of grades. Liberal-adyancen  on bills of lading. Quick adjustments guaranteed accompanied by  Government   Certificates   of grade,awd weight.- ��������� _  You -will profit by Sending us Samples and Obtainlne our Advice .as to Best  Destination before Shipping Your Grain, particularly Barley, Oats and Rye.  LICENSED AND BONDED  Established 1857  " ?"--&*i  '    'r  '*>%-]  1 ���������s-*i|  .rt.      i 1 B  Tommy Atkins  The name Tommy Atkins, which is  universally applied to the British soldier, originated at the time of the Indian Mutiny. When the rebellion  broke out in Lucknow all the Europeans fled to the Residency. On their  way they came across a private of  the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, who was on sentry duty at an  outpost. They urged him to, make  his escape with" them, but he refused  to' leave his post and was killed. His  name happened to be Tommy Atkins  and whenever a deed of exceptional  daring was performed during the Mutiny the doer was said to be a "regular Tommy Atkins." Since then the  expression has been'used in a more  general sense, and now applies to all  the British soldiers.  Minard's   Liniment  Cures  Dandruff.  Lauds British Airmen  Frenchman Says Even the Germans  Admit Enemy Superiority  This was how a French officer,  just back from the Somme, described the British flying champion in the  course of an interview with an English newspaper man. In admiring  words he related how the British  have wrested the mastery of the air  from German fliers: "Your- brave  aviators," he said, "have come into  their own at last, and France today  salutes  them as the lords of the air.  "Even the German fliers who have  been captured by us have had the  chivalry to admit that the British  airmen have accomplished some noteworthy performances. Not only have  your intrepid aviators flown far over  "the German defences and defied the  anti-aircraft guns, but single-handed  they have' fought and beaten off as  many as three and four Fokkcrs at a  time.  "The German fliers, who months  ago looked with contempt on your  airmen, respect and admire them as  the result of bitter experience. That  great young British aviator who sent  Captain Inimclmann to iris death has  become a terror to the Bochc. You  ought to have him on all your picture postcards. Like all your men  he is a real hero, and France is proud  and gratified for their invaluable cooperation."  Find Lost War Papers  One of the curious requirements  growing out of the rush of war work  is the need of a staff of "Searchers"  at the War Oflice to look up lost documents. The "searchers" make their  irounds early every morning. "Very  often in the pressure of many kinds  of work, an important, war record  will get laid aside or. covered up on  some desk, and it is the business of  the "searchers" to ferret out every  lost record and get it back again in j  the regular channels.  What He Thought  A new.railroad through Louisiana  strikes some of the towns about a  mile from the business .centre," so it  is. necessary to run a bus line. A  salesman -. stopping in , one- of the  towns asked the old darky bus driver about-it:  "Say, Uncle, why have they got the  -depot  away down here?"      '  After a moment's hesitation the old  darky replied: "Ah dunno, boss, unless dey wanted to git it on de railroad."  Criminal Folly to Keep up Zepp Raids  It appears that the Zeppelin which  was brought down in England on  the occasion of the latest raid was  not struck by shots from the_ groundf  but was wrecked by an aviator attacking from above. The young man  has been awarded the Victoria Cross  for his feat, and it certainly is one of  the great events of the war. This is  the second time an English aviator  has destroyed a Zeppelin in this manner. I't-us likely to revive faith in the  ability of aeroplanes to develop an  adequate defense against Zeppelins.  A few such experiences as that will  tend to discourage Zeppelin raids.  The British, has evidence that a second Zeppelin was damaged, at least,  if it did not go down in the sea. The  fete'of the crew when a Zeppelin falls  is so terrible and the loss, both human and material, is so serious, that  it would be criminal folly to keep  risking these ci aft in mere attempts  to terrify and break the spirit of a  civilian population.���������From the Buffalo Express.  **.1I  "What are, you playing, daughter?"  "Something    from    Boioffsky,    father.'',;  "Flis health must have been poor."  "No, indeed. His health was excellent,; and he lived to be ninety years  old." y  ��������� ���������".Then there was no excuse for his  writing that kind of music."  ^MsM^SMi^i^^i^^^^^^^^ -    - '' ' ' ���������    ,'       '        -"* ���������   -L\-v "-'1: ������������������*-&'A-'Fi'. *'s  THE  Goiemon&Go.  "The Big Store"  GAZETTE,      HEDLEY, -  B.      C.  General  Merchants  KEREMEOS, B. C.  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of all  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing lanci, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremeos, B.C.  Cbt Uttdtey (tette  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year S!>.oo  "   (United States)  2.50  '   Advertising Rates  Measurement. Ti lines to the inch  way from He'llev where ho had  been 011 business for a few daA's  I Mr. Kerr of Portland, Ore-  arrived in town on Saturday  and will take Mr. Fisher's placi  in the Bank of Commerce her-  as toller.  Mr. P. Bromley of the Kich-  ter estate lower ranch was in  tbwn for a few days last week,  .visiting his son Joe who is attending school here.  Mrs. Pickard, after spending  a month hero with her old  school friend Mrs. J. J. Ann-  strong,- left for her home in  Vancouver on Tuesday morning.  Mr. Fisher, teller of the Bank  of Commerce, loft on Tuesday  for Greonwood, where he has  boon transferred. Many regret  to soo Mr. Fisher leave, as he  has made a number of warm  friends among us.  The many friends hore of Pte.  B. A. Shubert learned with re-  grot that he had been killed in  action in France. . The whole  community extend their'deep-  est sympathy to the bereaved  parents at Tulameen.  A general meeting will be  held at tlie usiml place ou Wednesday evening, November. 22,  to make arrangements and appoint officers for taking care of  the    rink   during   the   winter.  uamm^i,v!KF!Ki!^!^s!Sisi3!ai^^  Intense heat-resisting power is the feature of the almost  imperishable fire-box linings of our own McClary semi-  steel fire-box made in eight pieces���������can't warp.  Clary's  fledieu Trading 60, lid  The man who designed the Kootenay knew his job I  know that and that is why it'carries my guarantee r��������� -*"������ll  as the makers'.  Sold by Hedley Trading Co., Ltd.  Toys,  Toys,   Toys!  Better in design,'better in execution and value than  ever placed on the market before. Dolls of all kinds,  Carriages, Mechanical Toys, Friction Toys, Soldier  Toys; in fact Toys of every description. The assortment is so largo that we cannot display them all in  -    the   window,   so   call **-yid   see   our   Show   JRoom.  T. H. ROTHERHAM HEDLEY  AND  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  'noli, 31.2s for ono insertion, 23 cents for  each. NUbsequent insertion. Over one inch,  12 cents per line for first insertion and 8  cents per lino for oach subsequent insertion.  -Transients payable in advance.  ^n*���������"* AdvertlBenients-Onc inch per month  "~ l.JS: over 1 inch-and up to 4 inches, $1.00  per inch per month. To constant ndrcrttecrs-  ' talcing larger- space than four inches, on  application, rates ---ill be given of reduced  charges, based on size of space and length  o^ time. ���������  Certificate of Improvements ���������. .310.00  '���������  JXVhere more than one claiiii appears  V   -v ,no*;'ce.  82.50 for each additional  ���������,  claim:)  Jas. W. Grikr, Publisher-.  "Hed'lejvB. C.\ Nov. 1G, 191C.  -" He .wlib'does me* once, shame on him;  .he who does me twice, shame on me."  KEREMEOS ITEMS.  Mr. Haywood of Vernon has  been spending a few days in the  valley.  Mr. and Mrs. Salvage of the  Tungsten mine were in town  on Monday.  . Several cars of potatoes left  here ��������� on; Saturday for Uncle  .Sam's domain.  ._   - Coldsr colds,  everybody here  y,Has a cold  on account of the  , sudden change in  the weather.  Miss Sewell  of Similkameen Tided  by the   members  school spent the week end with  her sister, Mrs. Love of Olalla.  Mr. Bailey was in town for a  few days last woek checking up  the books of the Great Northern  station.  Mr. J." K. "Brown, Indian  agent at Summer land, was in  town on business on Thursday  of last week.  Preparations are  being made  for the  Christmas tree  enter-  talent by the chiM,e������ of ^f^Z^Z IZ ^  bunday school. -.,���������������<-���������- -     a^     ,, ,  ���������.    J her fish pond.   After the booths  lhe Great Northern lias a were all cleared away, refresh-  work tram hero making repairs monts were served by Mosdames  between     the    Boundary   and  Taylor, E. Christie,   Geo, Chris-'  Everybody  is  requested  to be  present.  Those who attended the bazaar from Cawston and Similkameen were Mesdames Taylor,  Shendan, Wright, Newton, the  Misses Sewell, Wood and Meas-  sette, Messrs. Newton, Wright,  Cawston and Benton, and Master Jimmy Taylor.  Mr. and Mrs, Brostedt visited  for a few days last week with  Mr.  and  Mrs.  D.  J. Taylor of  Cawston.    Mr. Brostedt is district    freight    and    passenger  agent for the  Canadian Northern in Vancouver  and  has  interests here in tlie Similkameen  Fruit Land Co.    Tt is his intention next spring  to  build and  make  extensive improvements  on the  fifteen acres  he has at  Cawston.  The Similkameen Women's  Institute held their annual  bazaar here oh -Friday evening,  November 10th. The hall was  beautifully decorated in the Institute colors���������gold, white and  green���������by the committee. Mr.  and Mrs. McCallum, Mr. and  Mrs. Quant. The different-  booths were very pretty and  were soon cleaned of the many  useful  articles which were pro-  The  home  cooking  table was very  p.retty  and  was   in  charge  of  Mrs.   W.  M.  Frith, as was also  the fancy   work   booth   which  was in charge  of Mrs. D. J. Innis.     Mrs.   R.   C.   Clarke   had  charge  of the   useful   articles;  Mrs. Carle the   baby booth, and  Misses  Daly  and  Gibson were  kept  busy dealing   out   candy  and soon had it all disposed of.  Mrs J. W. Armstrong was surrounded by children  and a few  HEDLEY  era House  One Night Only  Thursday, Nov. 16th, 1916  fleflleu Tpafllno 60. Ltd.  Fourth American Tour  ������yai owe  elsh Singers  The Finest Chorus of Male Voices in Existence  WINNERS OF THE HIGHEST HONORS  At the National Eisteddfod in Wales.-.  Reserved Seats, $1.25 ; Gen. Admission, $1.00 : Children, 50c.  Seat Sale opens at Rotherhams, Friday Nov. 3rd.  HEDLEY GAZETTE  JOB DEPARTMENT  WHEN YOU ARE IN NEED OF  Letterheads  Billheads  Envelopes  -^ Statements  Meal* Tickets  Milk Tickets  Ball Programs  Posters  Dodgers, Dates.,. .  Circulars "  Invitations      ...," * ���������  Business Cards'."."-.'-   "  Bills of Pare    y   -'  Memo He<ods  Butter Wrappers '  Visiting Cards  TRY VS --. WE GIVE SATISFACTION  J. BEflLE  PAINTING  PflPER-HflNGING  KflLSOMINING  TERMS MODERATE  DALY AVE.   - ���������-. f1EDLEY,B.G.  Trie NlGKel Plate  BarDer_snoD  SATISFACTORY, SANITARY  TONSORIAL SERVICE  This shop it equipped with  Baths and all the latest  Electrical  Appliances.  W.t.butIer, - Prop.  and Princeton.  Mr. F. B. Gibson and daughter  Miss Kathleen left this week  for the coast where they will  visit for a few days.  Mr. Shaw, who had charge of  tho Great Northern station for  a few days last week, left for  Spokane on Saturday.  Messrs. Homer Wells and  Condon of Princeton motored  to town on Friday, returning to  Princeton on Saturday.  Mr. Thomas Daly left on Saturday for Oroville to meet his  wife and -daughter who have  been on a visit to Seattle.  Mr. Clifton of Grand Forks  has accepted a position here as  agent for the Great Northern,  and went on duty last Tuesday.  Mr. Turner, I'oad superintend  tie, and Harrison, who had the  supper in charge.   The hall was  then cleared for dancing which  was kept up until 2 o'clock. The  sum  of $120 was made which  will be  used  for patriotic purposes, of which a statement will  be given after  the  next  meeting  The   Welsh  opera,    house  10th inst.  Singers   in   the  Thursday-next,  Advertisers Make Good.  Frequently reference has been  made to the number of- weekly  newspapers  that have been eii  gulfed  by the hard times wave  within the past two months.  It  is therefore a pleasure to refer  to some of the papers  that are  , showing marked  signs of pros-  ent, was in town Sunday on hisjpority-   One in this class is tho  Trail News.   This paper has the  unique distinction of being published   in   a  town   where ovovy  merchant  considers  it his dnty  to advertise in  the  local paper.  As a result the Trail Ne\v������ is in  a position to render substantial  service to  the  citizens of Trail,  which, by tho  way, is growing  very rapidly and i.s regarded as  the most prosperous town of its  size   in   Canada.   Thus   it   becomes   possible   for   the   merchants of Trail and the publisher  of the News  to  co-operate  to  the general  advantage   of  all  Would   it   were   the   same   in  other places in  British  Colum  bia that might  be  mentioned  without violation of confidence.  Ladysmith Chronicle.  Yea, and verily!  No one can legally receipt for |  subscriptions to The Hedley^  Gazotte but Jas. W. 'Gricr.  THOSE  WHO.   FROM  TIME TO  TIME,  HAVE  FUNDS REQUIRING  INVESTMENT.   MAY   PURCHASE AT  PAR  DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK  IN  SUMS OF $500  OR ANY MULTIPLE  THEREOF.  Principal repayable 1st October  1919  of JS.tCrCSt pfyable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque ffree  Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.  For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa  DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA,  OCTOBER 7th,  1916.  DR. J.  L. MASTERS  DENTIST.  OFFICE IN COVERT BLOCK.  Oroville, Wash  Opera  House,   Royal   Gwent  Welsh Singers, 10th inst.  '*'&'*'"���������'a.*'    ���������\V'"<'-'\ -'li'-iii.'WB .in,  ;.> mijjii'L  .JP^BBWU'I      -A[5|00.U   y^lUJlSlllH .-J-JSUiiSpUUlj-/  ..-���������^,.       9rn"*i'e-u HO inoi[,iM'jmov wa>,l  &,?������2PhV  "'"'1C   'l*'"0.'������n   Ui������|tl| BlUOlltJ  ^vg&ZZlOflWUW ���������l������|-*������-PU������OD i'no"aiB-sum  **ui uoHcI|josap puu qjioiia v Hu|pnos saoiuv  :-'-'.    SNOIS5JQ  LAND REGISTRY ACT.  I (.Section in.)  Irii tliii inatt.-i- of .-in iipplirmionfoi  dupliciit-. (>r-t,ii,.���������tl. nFTitleN.). 102fil,i  lssiK-c to Hi-nr-y AlexmuliM- Wliillnns'  ^vonnr-Lot Tli.oe (8),  Bin-*  S.-v,,,'  (/),   K.-jidy   (.',-if-li   Addition   (Mur, 1-j.f).  Lot S..VJ-I1 (7). Blor-k Two (2): Lot.-. On,  (l),ind Two (2,, BIo,k Six* (tt), k(1������I(..,  Addition (Ms.p  187)   H.-dl.-v  Oitv(l.v*  p������i-c������-l.s MI1CC tr.-iii-.iVi ted),  '  .  Notioi- is lu.n'l.y Kiv,.���������  rlmi it N niv  inti'iihoii   nt   tlie  oxpimiinn   of   on',,  rrionthfio,,]   the date of first pul.IicH-  tion h(;i'������-f.f to i.vsne -i dnpliratetvi titi-  rnluot title --overing  the aliovo lands  N.OTICE.  Liquor Act, 1910.  Notice i.s hereby given thai, on the fii-il  day of December next, application will be  made to the Superintendent of Provincial  Police for- renewal of tin? hotel license to  sell liquor by retail in the hotel known ������s  the Alexandra Holel, situate in Okana-  K-ah Falls, in (he Province of TJriiisli  Columbia. Arnott &  Him-.  Dated (his 6lh day of October. 1916.  NOTICE.  11 i      .            ei    ������������������������������������"-   ���������������������"*- iiloiis        "������>������ i". nun'iiy tfivon r lilt  on   dm Umi .1...  IjiililiirAcl, 1HKI.  XoUfoi--lioi|.I>.vtrlvo.i tli.it. ������������������  t),c <irst.li,}  30N3IU3dX3  SaV3A   09  Alrxnnder Wliillnns unless i��������� thi-  m.'fintim.'.r-.hnll receive valid ol.iec.  lions theieto in wriiin^.    *  Daiedut lhe Land Rt-gisti-y Office.  Kiinilonps. B. <Vthis28rd day of Oo  tohpr, A. D. 1910.  O, H. DUNBAR,  District Rcgistrin-.  Date oi fli-Ht publication, Nov. 2,11)10  the biii-eniitoii.lent of ProWni-inl Police for ro  nownl of the liotel llconco to Hell Hquoi- by  retail in tho proniiHCH knnivn us the Golden  Gate Hotel, nit unto nt Fuirviev i��������� the Province  of Untlsh1 Columbia. }���������-. MUVKO  Dated this 7th day of Oetober. loin.  I  <k)  ,<  M  SUBSCRIBE NOW.  r  ��������� ��������������� ^M^aw^fiWBCTWTWiaiaaif^lTOWMtaimni

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