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The Hedley Gazette Jun 29, 1916

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 Bffl  -,  .- -      - , ~, 'TiyeM*  , .   ",. - ���������^���������^,Mi|  -^���������*-*'ir}'-?-v'i-i*}j-     ��������� ,-���������-,��������� &;:%  ,*      ,-'At.u-i������,w. '.*������,>Y  ������������������- * >>  -. ** r-,  Volume XII.      Number 24.  HEDLEY, B. C, THURSDAY, JUNE 29,  1916.  $2.00, In Advance  \ JflS. CLARKE  \A/atchmaker  HEDLEY.B.C.  Clocks and Watches for Sale.  KEREMEOS ITEMS.  pur-  ravel by Autocall up Phone No. 12  A good stock of Horses and Rigs on  Hand.    II Orders for Teaming  promptly attended to.  WOOD'   FOB   SALEI  PALACE  /ivery, Feed & Sale Stables  {hollo 12.  HKM.EY   13. C.  D. J. INNIS  Proprictov  , THOMFS   N "        PHONE SEYMOUR 5011  MGR. WESTISRN CANADA  tammell Laird & Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturers t.  Sheffield, Eng.  [ Offices and Warehouses, 847-63 Boatty Street  Vancouver, B. C.  A. F. & A. M.  REGULAR monthly meetings of  Hedley Lodge No, 13, A. F. & A. M.,  , are hold on the second  Friday in  ^icli month in fraternity hall, Hedley. Visiting  Brethren are cordially invited to attend,  H..SPRQUUB,  W. Al  S. E. HAMILTON  Secretary  L. O. L.  Tho Regular meetings of  Hedloy Lodgo .1714 are held on  the first and third Monday in  every month in the Orange Hall  Ladies mcctSnd and 1 Mondays  ���������"'siting brethci-n aro cordially invited  W. LONSDALE. W. M.  H. K. HANSON, Sec't.  R.  F-VBROWIN  British Columbia Land Surveyor  Tel. Mo. 27 P- 0. Dkawkk 100  PENTICTON,'  B. C.  P.: W, GREGORY  CIVIL  ENGINEER and BRITISH  COLUMBIA "LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building *     -       Princeton  C.   E.   HASKINR  JWALTER  CLAYTO"*  OLA/TON & AASKINS .  Parristers, Solicitors, Etc,  MONEY TO  LOAN  PENTICTON, - B. C.  [fledleu Opera House  ft. I. JONES, . Manager  ;A large,  commodious  hall for  I dances "or other entertainment.  %  Qrand Union J  Hotel 1  ���������������������������IB  HEDLEY,  British Columbia st  X  _���������  %   : : " X  X  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up X  First-Class Accommodation. ^  Bar. Stocked with Best Brands  x  pf Liquor anil Cigars j2  %  A.   WINKLER,     Proprietor. $  All kinds of fresh and  cured meats always on  hand." Fresh Fish on  sale   every   Thursday.  R. J. EDMOND, Prop.  ������EAT-NORTHERN- HOTEL  HEDLEY B.C..  r and Table the Best.   Rates Moderate ���������  '"-pi'j-st C|as8 .Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor  Mr.  G.   G.   Keller   has  chased a new automobile. '  Mr. PI. Armstrong left Saturday for his home at the coast.  Mr. Morris Daly was a business visitor to Princeton last  week.  Mr. Parrot of Penticton was  in town Saturday with a car of  passengers. *������������������  Everything is beautiful and  green after the splendid rains  we have had.   -  Mr. Parson had the first new  potatoes of the season on the  market last week.  Mr. Oscar Lauchmond was in  town on Sunday on his way to  Copper mountain.  Mr. IV W. Coleman was a  visitor to Oroville' on Tuesday's  train, returning Thursday.  Miss "Ramsay "was the guest  of Mr. and Mrs. Thos. Daly of  Island Lodge for the week end.  Mrs. Lelievire of Spring Brook  ranch. and Mrs. Knowles of  Olalla wero in town on Saturday.  Mrs. L. A. Clarke of Green  mountain spent the week' end  with her daughter, Mrs. D. J.  Innis.  Mr. and Mrs. Lang try, after  spending a few weeks at South  Kerameos, left for the coast on  Thursday's train.  Mr. Greer of Penticton was iu  town on Saturday with, a new,  Chevrolet car and visited the  Manery* ranch,  - Misses Winnie Manesy and  Annie Innis spent Saturday-  evening with Mr. and Mrs. C.  Trikell of South Kerejtneos.' -  Mis. Stanton left this week  for her home in Montreal, where  she will visit for three months  with her parents and friends,.  Mr. Silcox, P, L. S, of Princeton, was in town a few days  last week doing some surveying for the Keremeos  Land Co.  Road Superintendent PI. A.  Turner of Penticton passed  through the town on his way  up the line Monday, accompanied by his son.  Miss Eva Gibson accompanied  Mrs. Stanton as far as Brandqn,  where she will visit with her  grand parents during the summer months,  The strawberry and ipe, cream  -g'ocial held in the park by.the  Ladies' Aid on Friday evening  was largely attended and was  very much enjoyed by all.  The men that have been  working on the Great Northern  road here filling up washouts  causpd by the high water, com-,  pleted tlieir- work pn Friday.  A large number of Keremeos-  ites are intending to take in  the two days' celebration at  Princeton on .June 30th and  July 1st, as Princeton generally gives a splendid program.  The big electrical storm that  struck here Sunday night put  both tele.php.ne and telegraph  wires out of commission and  Keremeos was out of touch with  the outside world all  Monday.  Yisitors from South Keremeos this week were Messrs.  Orser, Taylor, Sinclair, Wright,  Newton, Oa-wston,J". Bell, and  Mesdamef- Wright, Crooker,  Shendon,. and Misses Woods,  and M; Taylor..  Mr. Broomfield of the Princeton house, Princeton, was in  town on Saturday with friends  and visited the Willows, which  is a very attractive spot just  now, as the trees are loaded  with nice juicy cherries-  ���������L.-Corp. J. Edmonds of the  172ncl battalion, who, hi^s been  training at Kamloops all win  ter, but now in camp at Vernon,  spent last week the guest of  Mr. , and Mrs..,McCallum ' and  visiting old friends in the valley. He ' returned to Vcmou  Tuesday. Other Keremeos' boys  of the 172nd are expected/'in  later. . -  The  Bostoniaus  played "Tip-  pcrary Mary" to a large audience  last week at Richter's hall.  The  performance was well up to the  reputation of  the old favorite  company, and  if the manage-,  nient of the  hall* had  been  as.  good as the play a very enjoyable evening .would have b������en  spent, but with a few hard, vyet  planks to sit on, and a few bedroom  lights   to   see  by, it certainly took the joy out of life. .'  Word reached here last week  by a letter received from'Mr.  Wilmot,   that   he   had   visited  Lance-Corp.   Blair   Mills   in ��������� a  hospital somewhere  in  France  in May and he was doing nicely.  This has caused some long discussions, as  Mills  had been reported  killed,   and ,'his   father  here received a wire from headquarters at Ottawa that he had  been killed in March.   The mat-*  ter has been taken up and word  has been sent to Ottawa to have-  it looked into and   see  if there'  is auy truth in the report.  A party of surveyors were in  town on Monday night, having  come down the Ashnola from  the T tings tan property, looking over the prospects for a  road to connect with the Ashnola road, with a view of hauling their product to tho Ash,-  nola station. The mine is located about two miles, on the  American side of the international boundary. , It is only  about' half the distance to the  railroad by -coming this way  and a great deal b,e.tte.r grade  can he-procured for hauling the  ore.  The work-a-day picnic held  in the park last Wednesday was a perfect success. There  were about thirty men, and  with the help of the boy scouts  they soon made a very different  looking park, clearing ont all  the underbrush and trimming  off all the dead limbs from the  nice largo pine trees, which  make it very picturesque, They  also built a park oven, "which,  came in very handy later, With  one or- two more afternoon's  work Keremeos will have a  park to boast of, and if the half  holiday comes into effect, as  they are agitating, no doubt  we will enjoy many pleasant  picnics there this summer. The  supper provided by the W. I.  was enjoyed by all .and tho men  were heard to say they would  cqme every afternoon if they  thought they would he treated  so nicely.  Junior Second Reader.���������Wilfred Mado re, Alfred Mills, Fred  Gibson, Dorothy Christie, Jack  Cai'le.  First Reader���������Elsworth Dun-  das, Allan Christie, Daisy Dun-  das, Kathleen Christie, Kathe-  Richter.  Beginners' Reader���������Frank Innis, Ophir Meillieu, Ralph  Carle, Douglas Parsons, Bobby  Parsons, Dorothy Parsons, Vernon Tickel.  The Honor Rolls in this division were awarded as follows:  1. Deportment-Mary K. Frith  2. Punctuality and Regularity���������James L. Innis.  3. Proficiency���������Frances M. W.  Gibson.       '  , 4. A special prize for neatness  was awarded to Clarence Mat-  tice.  TOWN AND DISTRICT  a  Keremeos School Report.  The promotions and awards  of the Keremeos school for the  term are as follows:  DJ.VIKTQN  I,  Promotions,  to  Senior  III.���������  Pluhe-l't Frith, Jack Thomas,  "To    Junior    IV���������Alfred    J,  Kiug,  Wallace DLindas,   Pearl  Sinallwood,  To Second Year High School  Class,���������Goorge Clarke.  The following pupils who are  writing on the examinations  this week will receivo promotion if their offorts   warrant it:  Entrance Examination.���������-Lillian Gibson, Violet Honeywell,  George Kirby, James Clarke,  Wilburn Mattice, Wm. Thompson.  Full Course Junior Grade  High School ���������Ina L. Harrison.  SECOND  DIVISION.  Promotion List: Senior Second  Reader���������Francis  Gibson, Mary  Frith,  Clarence  Mattice,  Ruth  Mader, Leonard Innis.  The Nation's Business.  ������������������The abnormal rains in many  parts of Canada.have so interfered with farm work that it is  now,too late to plant many of  the usual crops. Much land  -wiU go idle, or, if planted with  the usual crops, will give poor  results. This means farmers  will have less money to spend  with their local merchants for  supplies of all kinds: manufacturers will have fewer orders,  banks will have smaller deposits, there will be less money  .and higher rates for investment  in municipal bonds and other  securities.  .- But live ministers of agriculture at Ottawa could have reprieved much of the' situation.  rFpr the lessened farm revenues  J;his year they will be directly  ;to blame.  At our  agricultural colleges,  and   experimental    farms,    we  have "a   lot  of  splendid  public  servants.    No   men   in   Canada  give    better    results    for . the  money we pay  them.    As a result of experiments, they know  exactly what it is  most  profitable to plant  at  this  late date  and what is not.    The ministers  of   agriculture   have   not   told  them,   or,   if  they   have,   they  have   used  fourteenth   century  bell-ringing  methods,    That is,  calling  meetings which few attend  or sending  out  bulletins  which    fewer    read,     because  neither   are   timely.      All   the  farmers can be  reached  by the  methods pursued by the modern  merchants  and manufacturers.  They talk  to  the  people tliey  want  to  teach   in   the  papers  closely   read   by them.    There  are     no   worth-while   farmers  anywhere  in   Canada   who are  not readers of  their local, town  or  village  newspaper.    To tell  them,  in  tho  columns of these  papers,   what   experiments   of  our   best   farmers   showed   at  times like this,  would  cost but  little  and   lead  to  millions  of  dollars worth of increased production. The farmers are yearning for this very information.  We are told to economi/.e to  meet the tremendous burdens  which war is imposing upon us,  but if we curtail our purchases  there avi'11 be that much less  employment for the workers in  our shops and factories. The  business-like method is to increase our production that we  may have more money. As directors of ^agriculture some of  our ministers are a joke. We  spend millions finding what to  do, then neglect to tell tho people���������for whom the work is done,  who ought to know, who want  learn���������anything about it,  Tliis is a subject the press and  business men should agitate. It  means more money.  A million spent in intelligent  talks in the small daily and  country weekly press, telling  the farmers the money-making  things to do-.-that the experts  find successful farmers have  discovered���������and how to do  them, would produce tens of  millions for distribution among  D. Dale  of Keremeos* was  visitor in town Sunday.  George Price of Keremeos  was in town yesterday.  Currie Schisler, game warden, was in town Thursday.  D. Woods, Stumpville, was  down from his claims yesterday.  WTm. Bryant left for the coast  Tuesday. He will live in Vancouver.  Road Superintendent Turner  of Penticton- was in town yesterday.  C. W. Smith and J. C. Fisher  of Oroville were in town for a  few hours Tuesday.  The Hedley band go to Penticton Saturday to play for the  celebration in that town.  F. M. Elkins of Vancouver  spent a few days in town the  past week writing life and accident insurance.  While here this week Road  Superintendent Turner made_  arrangements for the repair of  the Hedley sidewalks.  L. Oty, G. N. agent at Hedley,  left Sunday on a trip to the  coast. Monroe Bailey of Spokane is relieving agent.  Jack Donovan of Hedley and  J. Casey of the Nickel Plate  left Tuesday for Vernon to go  into training with the 172nd.  A rock came down the mountain - yesterday morning and  went through the flume, furnishing extra irrigation to residents in the vicinity of the hos  pital for a time.  The Band dance* Friday liight  of last vWeek was not as well  patronized as was hoped it  would be, but all spent a very  pleasant evening. The receipts  amounted to $71.00.  The Princeton celebration Friday and Saturday promises to  have a record attendance from  all over the district, and will be  one of the best celebrations held  in the interior of ths  province.  The  Palace  Livery  is  Miss Marjorie Smith 7-5, 7-5.   -  Finals���������Miss Monica Smith  defeated Miss Halliday 6-3, 6-2.  ladies' doubles.  First Round���������Miss Monica  Smith and Miss McKinnon defeated Miss Marjorie Smith and  Miss Halliday 6-3, 1-6, 61.  Miss Tompkins and Miss Fraser defeated Miss Gertrude  Smith and Mrs. B. W. Knowles  1-6. 6-1, 6-4.  Finals���������Miss,, Tompkins and  Miss Fraser defeated Miss Me-  Kinnon and Miss Monica Smith  6-3, 6-4. The men's tournament  is being played this week.    '   ' ,  A War of Amateurs.  doing  some filling at the corner of  Scott avenue and Haines street,  to guard against possible auto  accidents, the government apparently being short of funds  for-repairs to trunk roads.  The annual male duel of the  tennis club is in progress this  week. Tennis is some game to  score in a mixed mtxtch, but  in male doubles the score simply  glides along to the climax somelike this, one love, two vawn-  tage, three idiot, four imbecile,  five  dramatic  squeeze   of  ���������-.    Hasn't got  the  incidents    or    bally  cricket,   or    horse  shoes, or wood ticks.  S. G. McClelland and L. J.  Hunter of Vancouver came in  from Penticton by auto Monday and went on to Princeton  Tuesday. The former represents  Smith, Davidson & Wright,  Paper and fancy goods, and the  latter his own firm of spice  manufacturers. One is Scotch  and sings psalms and the other  plays a saxaphone and is addicted to rag-time. The auto  driver always makes record time  with this pair.  It is unhaypily still the case'  in   England   that   the   war   is  still largely being rim  by ama- -  teurs.    Civilians are in  charge  of departments "that should be .  in complete control of. experts.  Take the case of munitions'.   It'  is obvious only an/ engineer," by,  by a lifetime of "training, by a -  lifetime of training,! that should '  be in charge -of  munition  supplies.     Actually it   is   an-, ex-  lawyer with  a  doctor   for assistant   Take  the  air" service.  London has recently beenraided  twice a week, while Paris suffers   one   raid   a- year." .' This  scandal grew so grave" that As--,"  qiiith appointed an air minister.  Outside a Gilbert: and  Sullivan,  comic opera-the choice for this -  appointment     could ' not *". be  equaled.   It was-given'to the,;  ex-viceroy of India,  Lord Cur- "  zon.    There  were plenty of experts  to   appoint,  but   Curzon- .,  gets the job.  At the admiralty we have had'  Churchill, ex-soldier, ex-journalist,  ex-president . of   the   local  government     board,    ex-home  secretary,  final}yC,*first '-iord'-'-'of;-  the admiralty. Wnat this clever-  and versatile young -man-knew  about   the admiralty ��������� was   no ���������  more   than  could be  expected  from any average  young man  of his talents; that is," practically  nothing.   The  result- of his al-..  most unfettered command in a  department where only picked  experts could hope to succeed,   t  may be seen in   the   thousands  of  graves at  Galip'ola, and the,  Antwerp.fiasco.    Mr. Balfour is  first lord now.    The minister of  trade is an  amiable  gentleman  who  never   soiled   his   fingers  with trade in his life. -   -  The men of the new armies  and the men of the navy are  the best in the world. It is '  likely and more than likely that  their leaders have among them  the material of the best generals and admirals England has  known, even in her palmiest  days. There is no lack among  them of Marlboroughs, of  Wolfes, of Wellingtons, of Nelsons, of Blakes, of Rodneys.  But these men are handicapped  fatally by the invasion of amateurs. They are under the constant menace of a scurrilous  and unscrupulous press that  can make or break them at will  Even Kitchener could not apparently muzzle Northcliffe and  he narrowly missed resignation  frem that source. One strong .  man with no gift for intrigue  and politics stands a poor chance  against a number of men whose  whole aim is to keep in office or  preserve their popularity no  matter what or who suffers.  That is the other side of the  amateur ver's'u-Rexpert fight.  But the end of the whole  wretched business is in sight.  A few more catastrophes or  near catastrophes and the slow-  moving Britisher will act and  all  classes  in  Canada,  cial Post, Toronto.  -Finan-  Hegomi T<jnms Club.  ladies' tournament.  Ladies Singles, First Round���������  Miss Fraser defeated Mrs. B. W.  Knowles 6-3, 6-1.  Miss Halliday defeated Miss  McKinnon 75-, 6-4!  Miss Monica Smith  defeated I and then at long last we may  Miss G. Smith 6-0, 6-3. see things happen. Give Britain  Miss Marjorie Smith defeated| a fair chance,  clear away the  Miss Tompkins 6 1, 6-1.  Second Round���������Miss Halliday  defeated Miss Fraser 6-0, 1-6, 6-4  Miss Monica Smith defeated  politician-lawyer parasites and  the war will be over before another year is out.���������The Weekly  Tatler, Montreal. . ;,  '.'���������������'.  ���������r''iJ?*'-w(  'J m- lA-i*  v������  ~r- -|������-}'>JS5\VJ'       2  * ' ~J^-' v*^G  ' -,'"������������������ > ���������< '������'Vw#������i������*^^' ���������.---^ v������-4s!fe THE      GAZETTE.      MEDLEY.      ������.      C,  Exparienci ..our.ts  Kipping poultry tor e'-rg.^, to realize  a piour and make :i success, i equina  some expcrii-nce; moic, in fact, than  inoht pi'oplc imagine. Do not gel (ho  idea thill ul! there i? lo it is getting  faorim iiicit'iator-o anil filling thoin with  i,������g>- nnd hatching them out in the  sprum nnd hy full h;i\o laying hens,  and that, v.hcn egui nic high, you will  ho taking in some of the high price?  that lire ijnol'-l in the p;ipeis. That  theory look.' niee when you arc not in  the hiiiincss.  oys  L  eave  cm  Great  Ex-  Ucoful in Camp.���������'Explorers, M'rvey-  oi- prospectors and hunters will find  Dr. TlioiTrii-*' Kleelrie Oil very useful  in camp. When the ler-t and legs ate  wet and enltl it i, well to rub 'Ju'in  five Iv with th,' Oil find the. result will  he the preveu'.iou of iiains in the  muscles, and should  a  cut, or conlu-  S'on. or spiiun  ������<���������  sustained, nothing  could he licit1-r a* 11 dreeing or lotion.  Tn the J5 *.< ais thai copper has boon  mined in Alaska about 220,000,000  pounds ha",e been produced.  Keep  house  Miiiard's    Liniment  the  Air/fic- Lieutenant���������'lhe Tuiks are as  thick u& pea-*.     What  shall   we do?  An/.ao Capl.'iin���������Shell them, you  idiot, shell them'���������Tit  Hit.-.  m Nfleo  --rf  ave a  A Blotched Face  Social  Conditions  are to  a  tent  Neglected  The Commission of Conservation  durum- the year 10.1.5 .conducted sin  agricultural survey on -over-���������400. farms  throughout tho Dominion. Various  phases of. farm life,were investigated,  and some interesting . conditions presented.    ,.,  ���������Social, conditions, and other incentives to keep the young people on  the farms are to a great extent neglected, as inay be seen from the following  reports'of the survey:  Ton 'per cent, of the fanners visited have, li ail boys ica.e and go tp tire  city. Seven per cent, have sons married who are farming. Nineteen per  cent, staled that they were following  some'form of bookkeeping, but only  out? man was following' a complete  method. Sixty-seven, per cent, take  agricultural ' papers,'"' seventeen per  cent, lake story magazines, and ..seventy-seven per cent, take a daily  paper. ���������_ :  In 53 per cent, of the families visited there were young people over j 4  years of- age, while ^1 per cent; had  a horse and buggy or an automobile  for the young people. Sixty-one per  cent, of-the farmers attended some  kind of community event or events  during the .past-year," chiefly church  socials and picnics.  Here it may be stated that the,  rural churches have a great opportunity to develop the social life of  their activities,, to Teach.' more of, the.'  young people in the country and interest tbem in clesn amusements,  sports aud recreations. The local fairs  also are prominent among the com-  munity events attended by the farmer. Only one of the many farmers  visited mentioned attending a literary  society. Twenty-five per cent, of the  home had no musical instrument of  any kind; "9 per cent, had pianos.  The Spirit of Confidence  A Canadian officer formerly In a  Canadian Government office, writes:  "i had :t si roll over the ground at the  hack of our trench, and an awful  "���������l-Jit met my eyes, but a sight, unfortunately, I have looked upon bc-  'lore���������(he sight of a battlefield after  the battie- The Huns were practically blown out of their position; the  trenches had been smashed so that  one could hardly recognize that they  had been trenches; dug-outs were  blown in, and there were signs that  they held a good number "of dead. The  more I loolc at this position-lire Huns  held tho. more I wonder how ever  they were shifted, and I am more convinced that wc can shift them from  any position they hold." "  ���������  TTLE WORRIES  N THE HOME  Name New Station Petain  Whether rt be iu capturing the  heait of man, or making her way  through the world by the toil of her  hands, a charming and pretty tace  gives any girl a big advantage. Poor  complexion aud rough, sallow skin  are. caused by blood di-orders. The  cine :s simple. Ju-t use Dr. Hamilton's Pills���������a reliable family remedy  that has for years been the foremost  blood remedy in Ameiica. That soft  glow u ill return to the cheeks, the  cys will brighten, appetite will improve, strength and endurance will  enure because sound health has been  established. Got a 25c. box of Dr.  Hamilton's Pills today Sold everywhere.  The   Modern  Child  Sunday School Teachei���������"Now children, what is the last thing you do  bi-fi'ie you go to bed at night'-'"  Dii-iiit Girl���������Put the latch-key un-  ikr the door-mat for mother."  YVarls will render the pretties.! hands  unsightly. (Tear the excrescences by  u^mg Holloway's Corn Cure, which  acts thoioughly and painlessly.  The old lady from the counuy and  her small son were driving to town  when a huge automobile bore down  upon Ihcii. The horse was badly  frightened and began to prance,-whereupon the old ladv leaped down and  vuved wildly to the chauffeur screaming ot the top of her voice.  The chauffeur stopped' the ear and  ottered to help get the horse past.  "That's all right," said the boy, who  rem a i nod composedly in tho cariiage.  '*[ can manage the horse. You just  lead .Molher past."*  "There is this fact," said Jones, after  b long a'rgurncnt on the question of  man's superiority over woman���������"at  least there is one good, sweet and perfect thine; given to man which a worn an cannot have." "Never!" cried his  v.lie. ".Never: T deny it! What do  vou mean?" "A wife!"  mszzsBssaR^^is^sgssw&zsss&t  Pills for Nervous Troubles.��������� The  stomach is iho centre, of the nervous  system, and when the stomach suspends healthy action the result is  manifest in disturbances of the nerves.  If allowed to persist, nervous debility,  a dangerous ailment, may ensue. The  tirst consideration is to restore the  stomach to proper action, and there  is no readier remedy for this than  Parrnelec's Vegetable Pills. Thousands  can attest the virtue of these pills in  curing nervous disorder-*-.  How to Save Potato   Crop  Neglect of Treatment Causes a Heavy  Annual Loss  From 1005 to 1915 the average annual yield of potatoes in Canada was  13,405,000 bushels, constituting one of  our important field ciops. The annual  yield, however, is greatly lessened by  thc ravages of diseases and insects.  The season of 1915 was admittedly  one' of the worst in yours for late  blight, and the .botanical division of  the central experimental farm observes  that, in one small province of Canada, the' loss from this disease amounted to about 2,000,000 bushels, not including loss in  storage.  -Potato diseases may be. controlled  in different ways; some by spraying,  some by seed treatment and- some. by  seed selection. For eaily and late  blight and for flea beetles, Bordeaux  mixture is very effective. By adding  poison to this mixture, the Colorado,  potato beetle is also kept in : check.  Numerous experiments - have been  made which demonstrate clearly the  practical value of spraying with Bordeaux, mixture. At the Vermont agriculture experiment station experiments haAe been conducted for many  years.' Over a period of IS years the  yield on the;- sriraycd area averaged  271 bushels per acre, while the un-  sprayed area averaged 159 bushels per  acre for the same-period. The lowest  gain from spraying was 2G per cent;,  while the average was 92 per cent.  This evidence should be sufficient to  convince every farmer that it pays to  spray. It does not cost much and is  not so troublesome as many imagine.  If you have not full directions at hand  write now to the nearest experimental  farm or the Central -Farm at Ottawa  and you will receive complete instructions regarding making and applying  Bordeaux mixture. ���������F. C. N.  It  Is These That Bring Wrinkles And  Make    Women    Look  Prematurely Old  Almost every woman at lhe head of  a home meets* daily many littlo worries in her household alfairs. They  may be too small to notice an hour  afierwards, but it is these same constant, little worries that effect the  blood and nerves and make women  look prematurely old. Their effect  may be noticed in erck or nervous  headaches, fickle appetite, pain in the  back or side, sallow complexion and  the coming of wrinkles, which every  woman dreads. To those thus afflicted Dr. Williams Pink Pills offer a  speedy a-nd certain cure; a restoration  of color to the cheeks, brightness to  the eye. a hearty appetite and a sense  of freedom from weariness.  Among the thousands of Canadian  women who have found new .health  through Dr. Williams Pink Pills is  Mrs. N. Wo mill. Brough'daie, Ont.,  who says:���������"After the birth of my  second child I1 was so weak and run  down that J was unable to do anything. The doctor said I had scarcely  any blood in my body. T could not  walk half a block without being completely exhausted ana all. the ���������treatment of the doctor did not seem to help  me. T called in another doctor, but  with no better results. My feet and  legs became frightly .swollen, I suffered with severe pains in my back and  sides. I would be all day dragging  around at my household work, and I  was beginning to give up all hope of  recover v. 1 had been urged to try  Dr. "Williams Pink Pills, but like  many 'others, thought they could not  help mc .when doctors had failed to  do so, but after much urging [ decided  to try them. To my surprise in a few  weeks I found myself getting better.  I then gladly continued their use and  found myself constantly growing  stronger, and eventually a.ble to do  my house work without fatigue. I  strongly, advise every weak woman to  give Dr. Williams Pink Pills a fair  'trial."_  You can get these Pills through any  medicine dealer or by mail at 50 cents  a box or six boxes for .?2.50 from The  Dr. Williams Medicine Co., Brockville,  Ont.  Ask for Minard's and take no other.  ���������rfbhavesworn'ts!"1  mcnlsfrompalicnl*  cured olFils.Cpils"-  sy, Falling Slckcas*  or Convulsions by a  frea samel: of.Dr.  Roof's remedy. IV*  FArE.XPSESSJ5���������on  FSEETnt.-LBOTTLE  ff yen Car OUT and  m-TUSHTil|3 "ii Iii  -~    ���������~_ -        1������"f I'l'**    I"'1-  iireds:cr tosl'rccnlsls on tile. Slvo are and full particulars.  Or. F. HARVEY ROOF CO.Dcpt. A 14'JO S'a- N, NewYorii  Holland and trie War  Sir Edward Russell, one of the best  informed of British journalists, had  this to say in a recent-issue of Tho  .Liverpool * Daily Post:���������"Some . six  ycars ago when the present writer was  in Holland the Dutch upper, classes  talked of the war between England  and Germany as being inevitable. If  England was defeated, one heard on  all sides, then Holland's only resource  against annexation by Germany would  he the opening of tnc dikes. That  feeling has never.changed during the  present war, though Germany has lavished money galore on its small neighbors. It can be said with emphasis  that never before has our Foreign Office been in such close relation to the  Dutch Government. Before the close  of the summer some interesting developments are quite possible in that  laud of sturdy men, hard thinkers aud  good livers."���������Ed mon ton Journal.  Norway Favors Great Britain  "In.1 our neutral countries we look  upon the ��������� war as being fought in the  interests of the nations as against  German militarism," says Mr. Johan  Castberg, President of the Norwegian  Odelsting and ex-Minister of Justice  and Social Reform.  "We have followed with close interest, the statements of Mr. Asquith  and others on behalf of the British  Government" as to* why England entered the war, and it- has been a great  ; tercel the' war, and it has been a great  satisfaction to us in Norway to know  that those lines of policy will not be  departed from us so far as England  is concerned. .  . "As foreigners, we cannot, of course,  meddle in your politics, but there is  a strong feeling in neutral countries,  and especially in Norway, that the  continuity of the British Government  should remain unbroken  Referring to the British blockade,  lie said: "It is harassing to the trade  of neutral countries, and there must  be irritation at times. But that is  a very different thing to killing of  neutrals and non-combatants by submarines. And we trust that England  will try to cause as little inconvenience as possible to neutrals."  War Veterans arn.1 Politics  Canada is expecting confidently  that, with the ret.iir.j of peace veterans will control its politics, as veterans' controlled the politics "of the  United States for a generation following the civil war, and is rather rejoicing in the prospect. It is coming  to bo the conviction in the Dominion  that those who offered their all for  the nation in time of war will bo. most  capable of safeguarding its interests  in time of peace. The thought is a  creditable one, to say the least, and  we believe that the hope behind it  will not' be disappointed.���������Christian  Science Monitor.;  ^!$\���������6t68a Eo'ot CoaspoiSEiX  A eafc, reUahle remtlaling  ���������medicine." Sold in thrafl CO-,  'grees of strength- No. 1,  ,$1;- No. 2, $3; No. 3, $S  .per bos. Sold by all  "di-usElst3. or sent prepaid in plain package on  -receipt ol price. Fre������  -'pamphlet..   Address:  THE COOK MEDICINE COJ  . M.'SOMfcCBT. (Fvatvll WWi������4  W.      N.      U.  1109  Farm Lands will Increase in Value ���������  The pioneer stage of farming is  about over. Another generation will  sec the last of the free land snapped  up. The younger in en among us will  find land values increased during their  day in proportion - to the dearth of  land find the increase of demand. Idle  acres will slowly come into use. Wildcat speculation will gradually sober  down. Time will bring about the ad-,  justment of the type of. farming to the  soil and'market conditions of the,locality. We'shall hear .less of big  money crops. We shall'find more'of  solid farming values and real contentment.  He���������I wonder why three-fourths of  lhe- typists in business offices are  women? She���������I think it is because  men like to feel that there is at least  one class of women whom they can  i-dictate to!  Book Learning is Not All  It is a curious commentary on the  quality of human understanding that,  so many writers should have laid so  much emphasis upon the fact that.  Shakespeare's only "education", was  secured.-within the walls' oE the Stratford grammar school. What a world of  nonsense .there is in the superstition  that a know-ledge of books means a  knowledge of nature and mankind!  How much more nonsense there is in  the superstition that knowledge of nature and mankind cannot be secured  except, .through .the perusal of marry  books!���������Outlook, New York.  No Links For Golfers  A movement "i.s on foot in Great  Britain to-do away with the golf links  throughout the country till .the, ;war  terminates. This is,.necessary;"sav the  advocates, in order to. economize horse  and man. In sbm'e instances golf  links are being planted- with vegetables. {  Old Gent���������"Where were you born,  my ��������� boy?" Boy���������"In London, sir !"  Old Gent���������"What part?" Boy���������"All  of mej sir, 'cept my 'air and'teeth.  They was born in Birmingham and  Leeds respectively."  Junction of K.  V.  and C.  P.   R.- Will  Bear Historic  Designation  In honor of the gallant French general who has been in command of the  operations at Verdun dining the terrific onslaughts delivered by the Germans, the junction point of the Kettle  Valley Railway with the main line of  the O. P. R., near the station of ITope,  on the north side of the Fraser River,  has been named Patain. The appellation appears ,in the new summer time  schedules, which. are now in the  printer's hands," and, will be issued  shortly, i  The new time tables will become  effective on June 4th as previously  announced. The junction point of the  Kettle Valley branch of the latter road  ends, has been designated Brodic as  a compliment to H. XV Brodic, general  passenger agent for the C. P. R.  Consoling���������"What did you say your  age was!-" he remaiked, between  dances.  "Well, I didn't say," smartly returned the girl, "but I've, just reached  twenty-one.''  "Is that so?" he returned, consolingly.    "What detained you?"  How's This?  We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that  cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh  Cure.  Hall's Catarrh Cure lias been taken by catarrh sufferers for the past  thirty-five years, aad has become  known as the most reliable remedy for  Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure acts  through tho Blood oa tiro Mucous surfaces, expelling the Poison from the  Blood and healing the diseased portions.  After you have taken Hall's Catarrh  Cure for a short time you will see a  great improvement in your general  health. Start taking Hall's Catarrh  Cure at once and get rid of catarrh.  Send for testimonials, free.  F. .1. CHENEY &' CO., Toledo, Ohio.  Sold  hy all Druggists,  75c.  _A "Tommy," lying in hospital, beside him a watch ot curious and foreign design. The attending doctor was  interested.  "Where did your watch come from?"  he ar-ked.  "A German give it me," he answered:  A little piqued, the doctor inquired  how the foe had come to convey his  token of esteem and affection.  "E 'ad to," was the laconic reply.���������  London Nation.  What Passed  Magistrate���������"Describe what passed  between you in the quarrel with your  wife."  Accused���������"The .plates were regular  dinner size, your worship, and the  teapot had a broken spout."  Hair combs with removable teeth  that can be replaced when broken have  been invented.  Motor  Busses as War' Waggons , ,  The defence of Verdun was planned  and executed on the supposition that  no   railroads' were- .^available.     Every  move was' .by motor.  The artillery, big guns and little,  which used to be drawn slowly into  action behind weary horses, now dash  up to their positions mounted bodily  on rapid motortrucks. It is quite a  common sight to see several batteries  of 75's, caissons and guns, loaded  upon high-horse-powered trucks, sailing down the road like a streak. .  "I have just made the trip by army  motor from Bar-le-Duo to the citadel."  writes a war correspondent. " We  passed hundreds upon hundreds of  other motor-driven vehicles, ranging  in size from the smallest nrator-cycle  or cycle-car to tho trucks which.every  wheel is a driving wheel, .and which  can haul a house."  Professor Airy and another world-  famous mathematician are said to  have spent the greater part of two days  in tossing half-pennies with the view  of ascertaining the relative probability  of the success of "head" or "tail."  They carefully noted the data produced, and subjected it" to a mathematical analysis of abysmal profundity, finally arriving at the conclusion  that it was "all a toss-up."  A quarryman iii Pennsylvania  caught a carp iu a' stream near his  home adn found a diamond ring' in  it whilo he was cleaning the fish for  his supper. He took the ring to a  jeweller, and found that it was worth  .1!100. It is believed that the ring  dropped from the finger of a fisherman or ' bather and was sucked out  of the mud by the fish.  Alberta to be Big Dairy Producerj  Alberta's cheese-making industry  making rapid strides.  Thirteen cheese factories turned o*-|  372,093 lbs. of cheese, compared w*i.'|  70,581 lbs. made, in'five factories dm  ing 1914. An interesting feature if.  connection with; the cheese productioj  is that 50 per cent, of the past season]  output was manufactured in the cilj  dairies of Calgary and Edmonton, j  - The* creamery business of the pr<j  vince also made marked progress cluJ  ing the year, the creamery butter pre)  enaction "being 7,400,000 lbs., comparei  with 5;45O,0CO lbs. for the , prcviou!  year. . -   . ���������   : ��������� I,  Magistrate (examining a witriess)-r  You admit you overheard the quarrel  between the defendant and his wife)  Witness���������Yis, sor, I do. Magistrate-!  Tell the Court, if you can, what h������  seemed to be doing. Witness���������Hi'  seemed to be doin' the listenin'!       ',  Bertie���������Papa, do they have doctors  to treat pigs? Papa���������Yes, my son; onhj  they'are not called doctors, but vei-j  crinary surgeons. Why do you ask'.]  Bcrlie���������1 was just wondering who  cured bacon.       -   . j  A  Diplomat I  Mrs. Exe���������"'Yon always have stichi  wonderful. success in getting people'  to come to vour parties."  ��������� Mrs.- Wye���������"Oh. I always tell the  men that it's not to be a dress up affair arid'the women that'it is."  ,     ^    . .    {,  Touching "Wood \  Whenever my "wife comes up bohrncYj  me and pats my head. I know she's<  going to ask for money." t  "She touches wood "for luck, eh?"   '  earcning  In its circulation through the  body the blood not only carries nutrition to the cells and tissues, but also  collects the waste material resulting  from the breaking down-of cells and  tissues,- the ashes left by the fire,of  life. v  In* due course the blood passes  through the kidneys to be purified of  these poisonous impiiiiti.es, and these  filtering organs extract each day  about 50 ounces of liquids and'2  ounces of solids, 500 grains of urea  and 10 grains of uric acid, the material which is- found in rheumatic  joints. ' -  Sudden changes of temperature  throw a'great strain-on the Iddneys,  but it is overeating and drinking  that arc the usual cause of trouble.'  In a vain effort to remove the excess  of waste matter- the kidneys, break  down, uric acid and* other poisons are  : left in the. blood- and the whole system is poisoned by impure blood.  Pains in the back and limbs,  severe headaches, lumbago and rheumatism are the natural result. Hardening '-.'of the arteries, excessive  blood-   pressure,  weakening  of  the  .- heart's action, Bright's disease "may be anticipated "unless prompt action is taken.  "We like to think of Dr. Chase's Kidney-  Liver Pills as preventive treatment for by  their timely use yon can readily prevent all  . these dreaded disorders. Unlike other medicines for kidney- troubles,- they awaken the  , action of liverr and bowels as well as the  kidneys, and thereby effect a prompt cleansing of the whole filtering and excretory  systems.  There is no way by which the action of  the kidneys can be so quickly aroitsed and  the blood cleansed of impurities as by the  use of Dr... Gha.se 's Kidnej'-Liver Pills. It  is therefore the greatest of blood purifiers  and much sought for a,t this time of year,  when everybody'^f eels'the need, of a mc-di-  , cine to cleanse from the sj-stem the accumulation of poisonous matter.  One pill a dose, 35 cents a box, all dealers, or Edmanson, Bates & Co., Limited, Toronto.  Do not be talked into accepting a substitute.     Iir-itatiohs  disappoint. '.-  )'&  Dr. Chase's Recipe Book, 1,000 selected recipes, sent free it you mention this paper. TBJ������      GAZETTE,      HEDLEST,      B.      C.  /  RELEASED FRENCH TROQPS FOR OTHER DUTIES  Aid Was None the  Less Valuable for Being Indirect, This Fact  Being Fully Appreciated in France���������Eloquent Testimony  Has Been Given in an Official French Document  II   W.nnei Allen, the representative  of ihe  Bntish   fhcss with the Fiench  Aimv, wnteb as follows  nance, both the 1'rancc m lhe tren-  ; ches and the France behind the line*,  [fully appreciates tho assistance given  Jby the Birush aimy during the battle  [of \ eidun. Moially, rt was no --mall  ji'iieouiageincnt to the Ficrrch fioops,  [who have fought so long and so hero-  |ica!lv, to know how, by an effort un-  lpif cedented m the history of war, the  iBiitibh Expeditionary Foiee had swol-  lled in numbers to the size of a gieat  |('ont mental army, and that Ihey could  :*ount on the ungrudgrng support of  llbeu comrades and allies Maleirally,  It was an invaluable ser\ice that the  Jllritisli   troops   were   able   to   lehe-ve  ind lelease foi other duties an entire  iKrench aimy that was holding one of  the most ditticrrlt sectors of the fiont.  The aid given was none the less val-  Inablc for being indirect, and it is de-  jhiiable, in the intciests of historical  Itiuih, that ceitarn unfounded leports  ���������should be contradicted. I am attthor-  lued to state that the announcement  Ireported to have been-made in the  [Australian Commonwealth Parliament,  [to the eticet that a brigade of Austial-  li-m heavy artrllciy was actually fight-  ling at Verdun, rs mcoiieet Othei  Iruinors suggesting that British rzunn  land British troops'were actually lak-  Jing part in the battle are equally wrth-  [out foundation The British army has  [given far more assistance than could  [possibly have been afforded by such  [piecemeal aid, and the French force  [which has haired the "wa., to the Ger-  [inans has romamed entnelv homo-  [gonoous This fact is fully appre-  Iciatccl rn France, and an eloquent tes-  'timony to the achrc-vement of the  [British aimy ib grven by the following document, which will be published  in" the next number of the Bulletin  Ides Arm pes, which mav be regaidcd  ��������� as the official oigan of the Fiench  soldiers m the trenches-  On September 25, 1915, when the  whole Fiench aimy was waiting impatiently in Champagne and Aitois,  news aimed that the British army at  the side of its ^French Allies, had  'gained a biilliaiit vutoiy In a few-  brief uoids it was announced to the  troops- "The English have taken Loos.  'Ihey have made their way into llul-  luch. On a front of five miles, with a  depth in places of two-and-a-half  miles, they have carried the German  ti inches by storm They have taken  pi is*.'.' is  end guns."  In the J lench army there 'was a  general outbiPak of .������������������l'husiasm The  biatlunhood of aims h>id been ex:  pressed in actron In close contact  with the French, at Ihe moment  chosen bv the Allied General Staff, the  English had taken the offensive and  vigorously driven their way rnto the  enemy's lines. Their victor v was, a  symbol and a promise. Eveiyone  realised this, and lejoioed accordingly.  Weeks have passed since then, and  the British aimy has never ceased  making itself more and moic feared by  the Germans. '!>.' day has gone by  when the enemy could pretend to  mock at "the contemptible little aimy  of Marshal French. * Already in the  Oambresis General r'rench's soldiers  liad given, ihe first proof of their valor.  From Orecy-en-Brie to Coulommiers  they had taken their share in the  victory of the Marrie, and since, those  f'ciious marches" what a long way  'they have gone arid what progress they  have - made For 'months',' at the side  of the French troops',-.,the valiant soldiers of Great Britain have served  their apprenticeship in modern war,  and as they gained in experience so  they increased in number. The 60,000  men of August, 1914, are today 2,500.-  000. The- Expeditionary Force has become a formidable army. It has often  been said that Time is fighting for  the Allies, but none of them has he  favored so greatly as the English.  It has become a commonplace to  praise- the organization..".. equipment,  and auxiliary services of the -British  army. The striking figure of Tommy  Atkins and his smart bearing have  been lauded to the skies. With him  the French have" sung'the chorus of  ".Tipperary," arrd perhaps in France  too miich emphasis has been laid en  his picturesque side. There is, perhaps,, a danger of it being forgotten  that Tommy is a soldier in the most  trying of wars, and that he fights as  a soldier should! . "  It is a fact, and a natural fact, that  these Englishmen, who are defending  at their French comrades' side the  civilization and the liberty of the  world, enjoy* games and exercise, and  do not lose the taste for them in their  cantonments behind the lines and  even in the trenches. In face of the  enemy, the Frenchman jokes and jests  as he is always accustomed to. The  Englishman plays football between-the  lines. This is a matter nf "temperament, an both have given their proofs  on the field of battle. Ask the German infantry what they flunk of the  warriors of Neuve. Ghapelle, Loos, or  St. Eloi. The successes of the British  army  are sufficient evidence.  The list of these successes is a long  one. They are composed of daily  fights throughout twenty months of  war, of a-thousand heroic and brilliant  episodes, of victories like those of  Loos, and of triumphs like those just  won on the Ypres Canal at Comines  and  at St.' Eloi.  The blood of British soldiers���������soldiers of Great- Britain and soldiers of  the Colonies���������has mingled everywhere  with the blood of the French. At  every opportunity the British army  has proved its friendship and has only  one. desire���������e\vv to do more for the  common  cause..  Turkey Must be Destroyed  No   Guarantee   of    Safety   in     Europe  With   Turkey  to   Make   Trouble  The first and most inevitable dutv  'f the Allies in this war is to rid tlu-  wrikl of Tin key; not of :hc 'lUik* as  individuals, but of Tin key as a State.  Whatever else is left undone, this task  must be performed thoroughly, not  relejitk'osly or lemorselessly, but in  a spmt of strict and '.tern justice and  as a measure,of self-defence. There  can never be anv guarantee of safety  in Eiuope wxth Turkey left to make lout   until   Jul  tiouble, so much Enver Bey has demolish ated ni the most thoiough manner, and for this he, too, shall have  hrs reward when lire war is over. If  he should be so unfortunate as to  survive the advent of peace.  The unpardonable sin of Ttukey  against humanity and" civilization in  this wai has been that she has allowed  herself to become the catspaw of Germany in the lattei's effoit to realize  hei dream of woild-wide dornrnation  It was Gei many's long-plotted, cold-  oiooded, deliberate purpose to take  possessron of Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, Armenia, Persia, and India in  Asra, and of the whole of eastern  Africa fiom lhe Isthmus of Suez to the  Cape of Good Hope. To accomplish  this the aid of Tuikey was necessary,  and it wa������ secured. It was no pait  of Germany's "purpose toQ reveal all  this to Envcr Bey, hut he knoivs it by  this time, as* all other intelligent  Turks know it A million Aimenians  have been assassinated with ficndish-  ness inconceivable and ciuelties indescribable. The Tuikish effoit to  arouse a "Jiolv wai" proved a failuie.  but it is necessu-y to make iuithei  attempts impossible, and the only effective piccauiron is to dissolve the  Sultanate, to obliterate Tin key, and  to outlaw the lincm  Geimany will, after the vai, remarn  a great power What will become of  Austria-Hungary is less definitel* ap  patent, but also it is of less importance, liungaiy may become .in m  dependent kingdom and Austiia may  become a Germanic State; all the more  reason why Seihia should be made  poweiful by the annexation of Bosnia  and Herzegovina, tho absoiption ot  Montenegro, and the acquisition of  so much of Bulgan.i as will make the  latter harmless Gieecu and Kou-  mania should get what is due to them,  and so fai that obligation on the Allies  amount3 to very little. With the  Balkan States ananged foi, Constantinople in the possession of Russia,  and the tatuie of Asia Minor arrd  Mesopotamia disposed of as might  seem most expedient m the inteiest  c. a woild-wide peace, Geimany  would be completely and hopelessly  shut within her own* ic'irtoiy If this  fate seems a haul one, it cannot he  called uniust; it is merely the mem-  psis of history. Geimany not only  began the war as a means of securing  world-wide domination, but she ha������  prosceuted it in ways most likely to  haiden the hearts of the Allies .who  will be the dictators of the terms of  hex sui lender.���������-Toronto Globe.  Conditions in Germany  Infinite Grumbling Among the  Poorer  Classes Who Are Heartily Sick  of the,War  The following inf westing communication has ioaeh-'d Thr London Times  Ma Waincmunde aud Coprnhagen It  is addressed by one neutial "to another, and can he taken as absolutely  aceuiate  ' The condition of -iuh nails of Gcr-  manv as 1 ha-.- visited���������ihe Berlin  and llambuig disd icK-rs i utmost-  ing Much mo ie\ j, i,, citculalion  and theie is work foi all, bu< the whole  population is on short commons as  icgaids many neeessai ics This fact is  causing an infinite amount of giumb-  hng among tho pooi, who ,ne heartily  sick of the war 'Ihey bine no voice  whatever in dctei mining the course  pin sued by the Government and the  ripper and middle classes who are. of  coins.", not suffenng  "The English blockade, so long ineffective, is now having some ijsull,  and the Gennans look foi waid with  2iout anxiety to the novl two months  before the harvest The Government  tolls them that thev have only to hold  and   nil   will   be   well  -53������  A Wireless Freak  Crippled  News  again. Harvest piospccts vaiv greatly in different parts of Geimany, but  m general ciops aie siiffoiing" fiom  lack of icrtihzcis.  "I was in Beilm foi Easter There  is no apparent sign of distiess, but  when ono goes below the surface ot  things one leains a groat deal. The  soup kitchens aie being opened on a  laiger scale than ar, any pievious  tune since the beginning'of the war.  and the soup itself is of very poor  qualrty. composed chiefly of " potatoes. Diet is l.irgly one ol substitutes  ���������saccharine instead of sugar, imitation coffee instead of ieal coffee, and  so on. Even the beei is now adult-  eiated. Bavanans especially aie  grumbling at tiro hop shoitage that  will mime their blowing tins veni. I  have seen meat cuds." broad " cards,  milk cards (one of which 1 enclose)  and wash rug-sod,i cuds Soun eaids  are   in   piepaiation  "Theie is plentv of gaiety in Beihn  Officeis home liom the froirt frll the  theatres and the vonion aie well-  dressed in Pans fashions Attempts  to mtioduce Goiuun fashions have  honclessly failed  "There .'ie i good many woundo"  to bo soon in public place?.  "At tho Eastei laces a novcltv was  introduced bv a gieat d.splay of Zeppelins and Taubos o\ei the iaco-  cour.se Th0 Shakesneaie celebrations  wcie rn full swing The chief anxiotv  of tho Beihncis was that theie should  be no tiouble with the United States.  "As to tioon movements the Kaiser  was on tho Western fiont. at Verdun.  1 believe f.lanv moie tioops aie coming west than going east Tho Germans have no b ai ivKilovn of the  Russians  "I learned in Hambmg, liom a  fuend well able to ascoitain, that  thero. is a -"-'mr-famine m Tuiley and  much bitterness. (  "Hamburg itself is a deseit lhe  good people of Ilamimig and Bremen ij  cons'stcntiv* oppose the piopos������d le-  tention of Anlwein Ihey feai it will  injure their porU Food was higher  in Hamburg than in Beihn Tho will  known Hambmg geese aie-stllmg .it  A""! each  ' In addition to tho shortages I hive  heady mentioned, there aie all soits  Shackleton     Ship     Flashed  of   Plight   Over     Nine  ' Hundred   Miles  'The cut lent number of The Wnolc-s  Pipss contains .m ajticle laudatory of the woil. of L A. Ilooke, the  vvncless op,-iatoi on the au\ilidiy baik  Aurora of the Shacti'Mon Antaictic  exjKHiition, who -cut Hie first tidings  to tiie world of the plight of that vessel 'I he message published on Mai oh  25, was made pog*iblp bv a "fie.ik"  pei foi in.nice on the pai t of the wuelcbs  iquipmont of the Auioi.i The mes-  sauo w.e- leceived hy the .Naval Radio  Station of Willi.uiibtow n and the ladio  station at Melbourne, when the ship  was at least live times more distant  th.'n the normal i.ingc of her transmuting equipment  "1 ho Aiuora winch was the lcliel  ship ol the expedition, broke from her  mornings in Ross Sea on Vay 15, 1015,  and was adnft in lhe ice for ten  months 'ihe wneless equipment, a  gilt fiom tho people, of Syilnev. Aus-  ti.iha, liad oiigmally an ofioctrve  ti.msmitting ladius of only 200 miles  \ month beioie the ship started on  her long drift, according lo The Wireless l-iess, thoio were added twenty  feet to the aenal ni,i<-ls of lhe Auiora  <\s soon as the A'uroia bioke away  fiom hoi nioonngs, TTooke endeavoicd  to get in touch v ith the inernbeis of  the marooned patty ashoie, hoping  1 Jut they had boon" able lo eicct tho  receiving Jet landed pioviously, and  it is just possible that the land p.niy  learned by these signals of the Arnold's ill foifune and were able to nidke  the eailiest nossible provision against  an unexjjectcd twelve months on land.  The w'neless fiess locoids the expedients to which Hooke resorted in  oidet to mloim the woild of the  plight of the vessel "On Tune 1,  1915." it says. ' Jiooke basing his  hop-'s on (he fleeting possibilities of  abnormal wireless cone'nions, coin-  nipnc'-d to call Australia, but without  success Tie rlUrbiued his tutal failure .to elctiic.'l phenomena peculiar  to the pol.n regions, and he nrade exhaustive expeiimonls with all soits  of makeshifts in lhe hope of getting  definite lesultb It is well poihap-,  for Ilooke and his follow adventuicis  that they did not know thr km! reason  toi  their non-Miicess   as tlic hopes of  EASURES IN  ADVOCATES OF   PREMATURE  PEACE DENOUNCED  Premier Hughes of Australia says That' Everything is at Slake  In This "War, and That There Can be no Peace Until the  Treacherous Nation of Germany is Beaten   0    A Fatal Mistake  German    Aviator     Lands    in    British  Lines  and   Machine  of the  Latest  Type   Was   Captured  A unique incident occuiicd when  lor the lust time during tire war so  tar us is known, an aeioplune mistook  a hostile aeiodioine for us own.  Uiiough the morning mist the .i">r-  atoib at one of the Birlish aerodromes  saw u Geirii-in machine circling as if  rt weie about lo descend. Wrthout  rnteifeimg with its movimerits, thinking that it had lost its bearings thoy  watched it come lowei until rt finally  swept past and came to a icst  The Gennan aviator and his pilot  saw Ihcr mistake too late when figures in khaki came running up and  they realized that they were prisoners.  The eaptuii-d machine was a new one  ot the latest tvpe.  1 he great aeiul activrty of these  days has hi ought forth many darrng  deeds and there have necn numerous  narrow escapes. One British, machine  was struck by anti-aircrdlt gun shell  which passed thiough the body of tho  aeioplaue under the feet of the pilot,  the shell <>pIoding without banning  the engine All the aviator felt was a  luich and  he went on his way  Another Birfish aviator pursuing a  Geiman machine toward the eaith  lound that hrs contiol powci was not  woiking and he descended to a load  inside the Geiman lines The shock  of landing lighted the levei and he  rose snccessfullv fii nuig his machine  gun. before ietui nine, on the Geiman  aviator   and   his  pilot     who  had  left  In a sjieoch delivered at Edinburgh;  Premier  Hughes ot Australia said.  Aitci neaily two years of war the  ind is not .vet in sight. I ut yet there  cMbt in our couirtiy some people to  >>!ioin lhe w,u has taught viry littlo  How does tho war go tod.iv **��������� Are ������fl  maichmg .steadily and .surely to ihe  point when we snail wiest the soopt'i--  fiom tin grasp of the milit.uy dc���������pot-  ism which has for '10 years menacd  the civilization of Europe and hiii*  vowed oui dobtiuction -  ] wiah T could say that 1 I bought  that m a little while all would be  well, that our arms would be'speedily  ciowuod with victoiy,,but in face of  the factb, as far as I know them. I  cannot do so I believe; however, as'  firmly as it is possible for ������. man to  believe, that it is impossible that-  Geimany should win this war. But  unless we marshal all thc,)'os>ouices'  of the empire, decibive'victory will  not be ouis There can be, and must  be, no hedf-mepsurcs at .such* a'crisis  as 11ns There arc,men who speak  of peace, who urge that it is the  bounden duty of the Biitish people  to make peace before Germany is defeated In the words'of one spokesman, it rs bard there is nothing that  now devides England and Geimany  worthv of the sacrifice of a single human life 1 confess that when 1 think  of a man boasting of British blood in  his veins who dares utter such a sentiment it fills me with anger and  nausea  Nothing, foisooth, dividing England  and Geimany worthy the sacrifice of  a single human life? Why, everything  divides us    The gulf betweerr Heaven  then machine aftei making a lauhng    and Hell  is not wider than the gulf  The   Biiti&h   avi.itois    then    i< (tuned  safelv lo then  own lines  leiief which buoj ed them up until  then return might haw been shattered  ' Tn the tus( place, tha Commonwealth of Aus-tialra. in thp interests  of econoniv, had lcci'led the ^f.'iff of  the wne'ess station at Macquane Island 'ibis lemovod the fust possibility ol into.communication with the  little paily di.fling in the antaictic  rce beiondly, owing to military ica-  .sorrs the tiansmittnrg appaiaius at  Awfliua had boon tiausooited to a  moie distant place, wi th.it had it b������en  posaiblu foi tiie Auioi.i by a combination of lavoiabic circumstances to  send (listless --'gnals as lai dislant  as lVew Zealand she would noi have  pceived   any   leply  ll(iol*p, however, stuck to bis post  It was on Julv 22, 1<>I5. that the  Auioi.i was tenibly unshod in the  lie 'lb" vessel was then ICO miles  fiom land and VM miles fiom fie neai-  est iood depot liookc again ovor-  h.ruJed  his apparatus, even to the ex-  Prohibition in Denver  The   complete   internationalist     in  hart i.s like a man   who can speak all  ��������� languages  of  the  world,  but,  has  language of hit*-own.  Lack of "Whiskey Does Rot Kill a City  Very Qurckly  Denver under prohibition! The very  idea is ii startling one, and when Colorado went dry on January 1, 1910, the  "wets" freely predicted the utter ruin  of business, and even some of the  "drys" wondered how Denver would  stand it. But .'nearly, four months have  gone, and the business men of Denver  are beginning to realize that they are  not dead, yet, and some of theni are  even hopeful of surviving for some  time to come. Here-are a few of the  facts. 'The Gas and Electric Light Co.  had ,'prophesred a d>i.p of $15,000 . a  month, but instead the very first  month showed a gain of ?10,000. - The  banks also had been afraid of the dry  spell, but ihe first month gave them  2,C00 -new deposits which aggregated  $757,000. The department stores report that their collections .are j'ust  .24 per cent, ahead of *������. year ago. There  has been, however, ' quite a heavy  slump reported by the pawnshops.  Prohibition appears lo be distinctly  unfavorable to them, and it also hits  the undertakers rather a hard blow.  The Italian Methodist Episcopal mission has also been affected. This mission had boon furnishing free meals  for J50 poor children, arrd since prohibition went into force they have not  been able to find the poor children.  They now eat at home.. In building  permits for February, Denver showed  an increase of 185 per cent, over last  year, while the average increase for  142 leading United States cities was  only 2J per cent. Evidently the lack  of whiskey does not kill a city very  rapidly.��������� From an Exchange.  of others, such as of slung winch is  now being made of par or " In Il.rrr-  bmg T asked tho price of sugar, a .id  was told 5s a lb ' Coffee was also  that price In Berlin the host cuts  of beef are Cs   a lb  "It is now diifkull foi rich -Germans to escape lo Denmark.; and  Switzerland. As'you-know large numbers left, for these countries in order-  to be .-more.-'comfortable,-but passport,  regulations ^are now 'much more stringent; :  "But for the fact that the Entente  Allies appear to be on the defensive  everywhere, and the ..extreme docility  of the German people, 1 (hiirk there  might be something like a national  protest-against the war. difficult, however, as it would be to organize'" while  so great a portion of the male'population.is away ai.'the front.    ���������-  "Such soldiers as! spoke, to seemed  absolutely confident that, Germany had  won  "The first step in the. modernization of Persia has been made in the  opening of a railroad, 100 mfiun rn  li'iigfh. It goes to the commercial  centre of Persia, Tabriz, and connects  at the Russian frontier with roads  ��������� which go, or connect witli^Iines. to almost, all parts of Russia. The Persian  line is controlled by Russia, and has  been built especially, as far as the  l'iresent is concerned, for military purposes.  A Brave Rescue  Wel  Peace   Has   Its     Heroes   as  War Times  The London Gazette, announces that  His Majesty the King has been pleased to award the Edward Medal of the  Second Class to Mr. John Roderick  McDonald aird Mr. Leo Patrick Powell  of Alberta.  The oficial- account, of the action  for which the award has been made  is as under-. On June 20. 1015. while  the Bow River. Calgary, Alberta, was  in flood a hundred-foot steel span  was washed loose from a bridge in  course of construction. A man named  Garden was upon this span, and was  precipitated into the'water, which was  icy cold. , He managed to get hold of  a baulk of timber, to which he clung.  McDonald and Powell put off to the.  rescue in a small boat, which was used  in connection with the building of the  bridge. No other- boats were available,  iis the. river is too dangerous for boatings even when not iir flood. They  had .to cross a dangerous rapid and  also to avoid collision with logs which  were coming down the river in largo  hum hers and timber from the broken  bridj   .    Had they heen capsized thoy  would   almost    certainlv  have    b.'on  Society bidies in London are. in view  of the rise in prices, holding cookery  classes in the East End of the great  crity, demoii:"t.ra.i'ing the advantage  of cereal' foods well cooked. These  ladies are paying out of their private  incomes the expenses of the classes,  and it is said that many licrirsewives  are carrying out the recipes in their  homes, and battling successfully with  the clearness of living.  drowned, as they wore heavy hip rubber boots. They readied Garden,  though ho. had been Washed nearly a.  quarter of a mile down the river. He  was at that time nearly unconscious  owing to the coldness of the water.  It was too dangerous to take him  aboard the boat, and they therefore  tied a rope round him and secured it  to the boat. All three wore carried  about a mile and a quarter down the  river, when McDonald and Powell  managed to steer the boat to an island.  There can be no doubt, that McDonald  Powell incurred very great danger in  performing this bravo rescue  We should say nothing of n person in  his absence that we would lie unwilling to say if he were present.  tent of lowering and lo-eiectmg hi  masts, m the hope that by so doing he  might help those on shore and his  fePows on what appeared to by a  doomed ������lnp. XigJit after night l-e  sat m his cabin with the telephone  iceoKcis stiapped aiound his head,  shaming to catch souncK which would  tell of the world's knowledge of their  fate and efforts at rescue. Twice he  hoard faint signals, on August. 17 and:  26,-but they  wore unintelligible.  "Then there came the blizzard. On  September 15, 1915, the Aurora Was  dismasted, the wireless aerial going  with the debris. Twice were new antennae ciivised by linking up the main  ���������mast with ice hummocks, but Macqua-  rie island remained . silent���������no one  had been left to listen: At the end  of February, with the ice breaking,  the Aurora was freed to drift, with'her  rudder, broken.  "But the wireless operator's 'story  rrow changes from sadness to joy. On  March 25, with a quadruple aerial  eighty feet above deck,, he succeeded  irr obtaining definite signals from stations in Tasmania, and-New Zealand,  000. miles distant. Then followed the  message -which' startled the .globe.  This message was transmitted 900  miles with an apparatus normally  suitable for about 200- 'miles, radius,  and eclipsed for a day at least the  interest iii the great, world war. Hooke  admits that navigation, v..-is '$.,-.-'ally  assisted on the. return journey by the  time and other signals received by  hiiri from the Xew Zealand stations."  Recreation Huts  Needed  Men  Entertainment   For   the  at the   Front  Thia cunous wai 'vheie men live rn  trenches, oi billets, genei.illy without  the pomp of ' the tented field," tho  need of mealing places loi the men oft  dutj   has  been  keenlv feit  One of tho finds of lhe war is the  loero.ihon hut ft fills a gap that has  been keenlv felt m o.iihoi camoaign--  arrd it is destined lo nlay an rrrrpoi t-  .uit lole in military schemes loi the  fulinc  In between the fighting recieation  is ess'-ntiiil foi irnewmg the lihiP->->  of lire men Bad weathoi may pio-  elude outdoor games., and long d.nk  evenings in w.u-desol.ito oouni'v aie  tedious aud depiessiiig if theie is no  that stands between England and Germain* What a confession of decadent  futility rs lard bare in these words.  Thank God, the vnus of degeneracy  has not eaten rnto the vitals ���������of this  nation, but, there aie some excrescences which, assuming an ' Swpv/rl-  ���������'iiioc they do not deseivc, would wish  the world to think that such sentiments as these aie, representative of  the public opinion -of Britain today.  -No principle at stake? ' Is it, nothing  that Gormnnv stands*upon the very  entrails of Belgium, amidst the smoking ruins of the great architectural  monuments of civilization amongst  outi.igpcl women and children0 Is it,  nothing that she should roam the  teas as a bloody-minded pnate, sending rrmcvcpt non-combatants to the  bottom of the sea without warning?  !Not  only  government,  but  civilization  itsdf is .it stake     Oui   national  uidppi ndonco   rs   at   stake,  our   econ--  ontic   wpilaro   rs  at  stake,  everything  suitable place of lpsoit [ot companion-j1'"     at    *���������! ike���������everything,     spnihial.  ,|,,p |moi.il and  material  for  which wo as  Some of the huts provrded bv tho)������ people stand. The teachings of  Chinch Aimv can accommodate clos---1 h'brory, lhe lessons of experience, ean-  upon one thousand mon Thev are'"01 llin.)e such men as those of whom  cosilv wai mod bv j sv'tc-m of stoves j 1 complain, neither can any appeal to  .don" the walls, mil made homolv j P-- i lousm, of which thev are lncap-  and eomfoibd.le with pietuies and , ������Lble- for patnotism is the inherent  ca^-v chari- \ buffet piovidos re-! ",lCt oi virile and iesolute men., not of  tie-hmont .it co������t prices, vvr ifrng ma-1 ������������������-������<''' ������'io >ie pallid, feeble, and  finals   fi"o    a   post   office,   bagatelle ,' f,lcKIV  , 1 he thing in which they wrap  I     i.n.-.   I     i .1.1...       ..,,!,-.,���������.,     ,.���������T.,.-,o    ,,,.111011"''  Fiendish Tactics  Enemy  Scatters   Poisoned   Candy   For  Wounded Soldiers  A soldier is we'll within his rights  in adoptiirg any iiu-ans for ambushing or overcoming his enemy. But  there i.s a code of honor, even in limes  of .war. that every true .soldier adheres to by instinct.  "For example to hoist a Red Cross  flag���������which the Huns often do���������upon  buildings full of ammunition is despicably mean. That a British officer-  will not, counlenai.ee.  The AustriiVns recently devised n  peculiarly odious trick. Thoy had a  large quantity of sweet nivals manufactured with poison and deadly  germs, and seatloivd where the wounded of their enemy would probably  fall, or children would perhaps pick  the miip as providential "finds." A  Chinese, cut-throat would draw lhe  line at such infamy in time of war.  The Hun takes a holy pi -.'inure* how.  ever, in these tricks. l-'e.i-tunately  the.se infernal dodges are nil being  accurately described by a committee  at the British War Offi.'j. and will  be tabulated for service, when a tribunal of the Powers will sit upon the  great question that has been forced  upon the world hy the German s policy of "[rightfiiliress." ,t.kI decide  what i.s fair ami what i.s not fair in  a condition of war.  and bilhaid tables indoor games m  abundance books and magazines  - A- concert, stage, piano, and gramophone form part oi .the equipment.  and in most cases a dressing-room  ..with" bath and a bod-room are included. A. chapel for quiet rest and  devotion i.s .invariably attached.       ,  Wherever'our troops have been  sent, these huts have gone. .with.-'them'  ���������to".the western fro^t, Gallipoli. Salonika, Mesopotamia." Egypt. .India  e also at ebntin-  mbelves is the measure of their  own ami'-mic souls. They call it internationalism, but it is'in fact the  sickly and pallid loflection of their  own temperament and nature. Thank  God the number of such men "is In--  significant, it is well they should be  told plainlyand that tli" world should  know that such sentiments are contemptible to the minds of hoc people,  and that we will never lay down our  arms until German military despotism  i is crushed. '  and Malta.. ��������� Tliey ar. . ,  enlal ports of disembarkation in far r Are we to be told we arr so decadent  away bases for naval operations, in j mid powerless that, we must make  tire home ports and training '.-amps, i terms .with Germany, that wo are fc  When   the "'home .training  camps  are j clasp  our    brother    German   by    the  hand and call linn "knmarade?" He  who has.approached us with the left  Kami of fellowship, all the while holding p. stiletto ������������������behind his back to give  ins a treacherous blow at the first opportunity?' He whose firij-ers drrp with  rn   the'depths   of   the.   country   there  is   often   no   suitable   place   of   resort j  for iniles in which .'the men can gather.  Recreation   li iris-are   playing   a   vital  part  there  for -companronsliins..'  The   authorities    have    asked    the, .   _ _  Church   Army   to   provide   additional I blood of the" innocents, befouled with  huts  consequent, upon  the expansion   every cruel   and  cowaidlv  outrage*1 I  of  the   Aririv,  and  the  soeietv i.s  ap-   hope to God the day will never come  pealing in Great. Britain both'for men } when we shall s0 foiget our manhood  to  man  them   and  the necessary  fin-   Tlic conduct of  Geinrany  has  driven  I even America to  rssue an ultimatum  | Peace now would   mean  not only oui  j national   degradation   and   Our 'economic  ruin,   but  we   should   be  giving  j up everything and   locoivrng nothing  j There can   be no     police    until    tins  .; hypocritical,  trracheioi's   and   bi.rbar-,  j oris    nation   of  Geimany    has     been'  1 beaten to its ki'oes   (Chocis)  anees.  With the French Army  Thousands   of     French-Canadians    in  Army of France  According to "Canada's" (of London) correspondent at the Lyons Exhibition now open, "the feeling of the  l-'roneh towards Canadians is most,  friendly. This has not only been  produced by tho magnificent courage-  anil bravery of the Canadian Expeditionary Force fighting iu France, but  also by tho fact that several thousands  of Fi'orre.h-Canadr.'ins are fighting actually in the ranks of tho French Army  itself, and thoy have done much to  tell their French comrades all about  Canada:  "An instance, of this was the visit  on leave to the Dominion Bridge  Company of a. Civil Engineer for the  company in Montreal who is a lecturer at the McGill--University. He  was five months old when he was  .taken to Canada by his parents, together   with   his    brother,    aged   two  Road Repairers dt the Front  The road repanci is one of tho handy  men behind the firing lrno owing Co  the upheavals caused "by the charging  racers with studdiec! tyros They tear-  up the roads into shreds when going  at   thoir  utmost speed.  Now and then a lingo convoy glides  along the road bearing upon its  trucks graceful and powerful guns;  together with ammunition enough to  last it until more can be brought up.  Then, as the last big, proud fighting  fellow gets out of the way, as likely"  as not n humble steam-roller hauling  a train of rock-wagons will pull out  into lhe middle of the road and go its  wav  mending,   mending.  The   whole  scheme, reminds   one.of-  years,  who  now  is  a  noted  Montreal ! a .prize fight: One man does the fight-  lawyer.  The two  brothers,  aged  forty I in'-** while u couple  more lake care of  and forty-two years of age. wore on the'; him.  outbreak of war claimed by the French  Government, and. immodrately throwing up civil  employment,  left for Ihe  land of thoir birth and became private  soldier's   in   the   French   Army.      The  engineer   is  rrow   a.  uon-conmiis-sioned  officer in the 2nd Regiment of Engineers,   stationed   aj   Montpellier.     and  saiil that well  over .",000 French-Canadians   were   serving   in   tho    French  Army."  Tf   a   man   makes mo keep  my  tance, the comfort is that ho keeps  at the same time.  The  Unbeatable Factor  Scold  Great,  Britain  by   all   means'  but oh brethren, try to do it with intelligence.   "Beaten in  this war." i.s  she*'    You   will  find, judge,'that she  i.s not only unbeaten, but unbeatable.  Called   upon   to   lie   all   things  to   all  men   and   Nemesis   to   Germany,   she  has   slipped   up   in   some   particulars,  hut   she.  is'not  only  going  still, but  going   slrong,   and   she   is   today   the  one unbeatable,    factor    in the  allied  combination.���������From   the   New   YoiK  [Life  .V,  I  1-r" I  ".I  !  lJFI  'Yfl  iii  V^,.:".;:'->V^^  ������������������.������������������ :";';������������������;; ���������^;;4'*'S'-,t-^^";S^Xj,P  tSiii  'i ;', "..'���������''������������������^.Vi'l^.W-'.'-t^'WS-'i. '������������������."A;**'."-''':'-n''L,*!i:  1 1 i "liftf- THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  1 &���������  M0  T  By Ethel Davis Sea!  -F YO,U have a dining room at all,  that dining room Is worth making  beautiful. And I might "say In  passing: that I think we are too used  ito dining roomaj thfiy mean, too  (positively, sideboards, leather-seated  chairs, round extension tables, silence  ,0'oths, out glass and china closets. AU  ithese things, of course, are not bad;  some of them'are necessities; but some-  |how the name dining- room brings before our imagination a combination  from which, in any artistic effort, It is  very difficult to get away. We do not  think of a dining; room as tho distinct  possibility that wo do a living room or a  bedroom; its fata has been determined  In ages prehistorlo, a fate which Is sealed by'things In sets, leather and oak!  Why this is so It is hard to say. But  It docs seem as though In an enlightened era we might make a strenuous effort to break away from this paralyzing  conception.       For   a   dining   room   Is   a  checks. On the dull, rather light-Drown  floor thero la a distinctly original note  In a decorated border, matching the deo-  orations on the furniture.' The floor,  of course, should be painted; and the  border may be formed ef the oheoks and  the conventional flowers, or It may be,  Instead, of the flowers and lining. The  rug is In two tones of rose and green.  Tho mirror above tho serving table is  painted and decorated; the side-wall  lights have cream silk shades with deep  rose fringe. Can you not see what I  mean when I plead for a dining room  original,--in tone and un-dining-room-  llke in character? I am sure you do and  that if you have In prospect the furnishing ot a dining room you will bo fired  with enthusiasm; and this, togother with  personal knowledge and outside help,  should accomplish the original dining  room.  And now turn to the other Illustration.  This Is of a dining room entirely different, but one which Is fully as original  ana onarming as the otner one.  The furniture ia mahogany and it la  just the quaintest thing imaginable!  the chairs are Windsor in type and th������  table is a really truly dining table, but  with oh, such a difference! It is mora  delicate in line and design than th������  usual tables we have grown so tired of  seeing. Furniture like this Just crisa  out for an original setting; in fact. It  would be difficult not to And one right  to your hand���������the furniture Itself in-,  spires. Just glance at the drawing. Th������  walls are light gray,' the woodwork  white. This floor Is tiled In a soft gray  blue, but a painted or parquetrled floor  is equally desirable. The rug Is a soft  yellow, tho hangings are of ohinta .in  blue, black and yellow, with valances at  plain old yellow. Bird cages and flowers  seem at home in this room. And ther������  is no buffet���������a small side table talttw the  place of one. Except that you know It  Is a dining room���������would you honestly  think it was?  And isn't It pretty?  -���������������������������fesasgi^^  room like any other room; It has walls,  windows, doors and floor. And while It  undoubtedly must contain furniture,  there is no reason on earth why that  turniture may not be strikingly and  boldly   original. When   I   furnish   a  fllnlng room, if I should find myself  trotting blithely along In a beaten track  and buying the obvious, I believe I'd be  tempted to put in tnat dining room, Instead, a trundle bed, a bookcase and a  Be wing table!  Do try to learn to look at a dining  Toom as you would any other room".  Learn to realize that it is within your  power to get an astonishingly beautiful  effect out of the same time-worn propo-  Bltlon. ���������   ��������� .���������.'".*. ���������' .'���������. ���������'-,..���������:"'.��������� ~.-,,.  - And now I have come to another part  5>f my subject. Many peoplo are building houses, and I stop and wonder if tho  dining rooms they build therein will be  regulation dining rooms, t?r sunny, unusual rooms, which may veil make tho  whole world a better, happier place by  fchelr very existence. These unusual  dining"'roSma'"may abound in small-  paned windows and French doors; they  ttiay be flooded with ounshine and color  and in them can bo heard tho singing  of birds. What.Joy to furnish rooms  like these!  But it is also possible to get an effect  With a less interesting framework-  more of personal Inspiration must bo  (supplied,  that is all.  ��������� How are we going t������ accomplish tho  fining room of the ne-w regime? How  ian we get an effect*  There are two particular ways I want  lo tell you about. Oro is the uso of  flecorated painted furniture in the dining  room, which Is decorated to match; the  other Is the use of fvirnlture which Is  duaint and oUl-fashion������d, and with as  few regulation dining-room pieces aa  possible.  In considering the use of decorated  furniture, do not feel that you are boi-  ing extravagant If you buy a set of  furniture which Is handsome oven before  It is decorated. Decorated familure is  Increased in value tv. of old itf IU decoration. Tou are not .-polling your new  and expensive furniture hy d**orat!ng  It; underneath, the furniture remains the  same, and at any time the paint may b*  "removed and the original finish reirtor������d.  However, if you are able to obtain an  .unfinished set of furniture, so much th*  better, for you then are saved the trouble of removing the finish prior to  painting.  In the shops recently I saw a set of  dining-room furniture which was full of  decorating  possibilities.      It  was  Jacobean  in   style   tendency,   of  oak  wood,  with a silver-gray finish.     And It co������iM  be fitted into some such scheme as this,  ,The walls might be done in a very gray-  green ; so much so, in fact, that the tone  ���������would   be   called   gray   by   some.      The  room woodwork should be in old ivory.  The    furniture,    painted   in   an .op#qu������  apple  green,   should    be    decorated    in  black-and-lvory-colored      checks,      p.nd  conventional    German-looking     fio-.v-ji-s  in tones of rose and blue. Besld<w 1'nlng,  only a  hint of decoration  is  viotble on  the table, and may bo seen at tho top of  the table legs, in the shape of a cluster  of checks.      (For you will have noticed  that this decorated furniture forms the  subject of two  of the illustrations.)   A  mirror in dull gold is placed above tho  buffet,   and   on   the   buffet   top   may  be  eeen two dull-gold branch candlesticks  find a black basaltea urn.     The chairs  have insets of cane in their backs, which  Jias been allowed to remain the natural  'color.      The seats of the  chairs are in  deep rose and ivory;  or they would be  equally effective in black.     The material  Should  bo  linen  or sunfast.      The  cur-  'talns are   In  rose and   ivory.      At  the  top  of the wall  there  Ib run a narrow  stenciled     border    of     black-and-ivorv  Are You Short of Space?  OF COURSE! you are if you are a  modern and live in a modern  house, or worse still, a modern  apartment. Like as not you have to pack  * away your winter clothing under the bed  in boxes, and keep your trunks on end in  the back hall. This all comes with the  age. A decade ago folks would never have  dreamed of swallowing breakfasts like  pills and rushing for elevated trains  two steps at a time���������Just for business.  Neither would they have dreamed of a  situation which required them to squeeze  around the foot of the bed to avoid  "colliding with the bureau, or of having  to have a good-sized chair run up the  outside of the house and in a window  because the halls were not good-sized  chair-width! But the modern la an  adaptable  creature.  You have become accustomed to being  Jostled and crowded. You like to feel  that mora is being gotten out of a given  space than any one ever Intended. You,  love to pack things away under the bed.  You even take to a folding toothbrush,  with gusto. For possessions ��������� afe multitudinous in the extreme���������everybody  has so many things! It is an age of  possessions. And to pack them away  like picturo puzzles seems not only right  but necessary���������considering the skimping  builders of today.  And here am I aiding and abetting  space-savers. For I'm going to make  ���������orne most practical suggestions.  If you live ,in an apartment with a  kitchen too small "for human nature's  daily food" or for a clotheshorse- for  drying, try this scheme for the odds and'  ���������nds of washing. Have made a four or  flvo rung ladder which. Instead of ladder  width, Is about three or four feet wide.  Attach the lower ends to the baseboard  of the kitchen below a free wall space.  Thi3 may be done by means of sockets,  or hinges. The top ends are attached to  wall pegs by means of ropes which may  bo let out. causing the rack to assume  a slanting position wnen in use. When  out of use the ropes are drawn in until  the rack rests flatly against the wall.  In this way floor space is saved.  A good way to utilize the apace "under  the eaves" in the dormer room is to  build in sets of drawers, which are sunk  tsto those parts of the walls which are  ���������o low as to render the placing of furni-  toro thero Impossible. The drawers  ���������bould be of practical size, and may be  eged for household linen and blankets,  ot rorr wearing apparel.  *" The top shelf of the wardrobe or good-  alzod' closet frequently Is not put to a  definite use because It la of too great a  height to be really of practical everyday  service. An excellent storing box may  be made out of it, however: It may be  lined with cedar or supplied with camphor. In any case it should have-two  well-fitting doors, which will render it  moth-proof.  Lockers for the children may be built  in an unused part of the hall. They  may be fashioned like regular school  looKers, with a shelf above and drawer  beneath, and In them may be kept the  children's playthings and implements of  sport. Even out-of-door clothing may be  stowed away here.  The linen closet may be built into a  wai' adjoining the bathroom, and instead of the usual arrangement of pull-  out drawers, the drawer spaces may be  supplied with let-down shelf fronts  which, assuming a horizontal position  when opened, are of great use 1ft pulling  out and! sorting the contents of the compartments.  For the house In which there la no  space between the dining room and  kitchen for a pantry, It is possible to  out a shelved  closet  opening between.  This is open on both sides and may act  like the old-fashioned serving window.  It is supplied with attractive doors.  When one room has to do service for,  tfour children, and it Is too small a room  to give floor space to two double beds,  a unique arrangement Is found In the  carpenter-made "one bed above the  'other" Idea. Made after tho type of  built-in furniture, with craft slat head  and foot boards, and painted to match  the room woodwork, tho bods are really  good looking. A three-rung ladder  forms arohltecturally part of the beds.  Besides solving a problem, this arrangement greatly pleases the children.  A swinging shelf for books can be made  on rather a massive scale with a heavy  mission plank and four heavy ropes,  one knotted through each corner, the ���������  other ends being attached to the ceiling  near the wall, as there should be a good  wall background for this sort of thing.  There are many contrivances for the  space-saver. In making use of some of  these, you will receive other suggestions which will fit in with your Individual  needs.  1���������S?    psssBsan  A Home Can Grow  WE ARE thinking so much nowadays of the furnishing of  our homes that it is interesting at times to know from what  these homes have grown. For in-  - stance, in Philadelphia the first arrivals lived in caves along the river  banks until they could put up wooden  houses. In "Annals of Philadelphia,"  by Watson, wo read that a woman  named Elizabeth Hard, who came to  Philadelphia with William Penn, joined her  sister In  a cave  on  the bank  of the river, and that one of her  descendants possesses a napkin mad*  from some flax she spun In that cave,  and which was afterward woven by  the Germans in Germantbwn. The  descendant also liadv-a very pretty  chair, low and small, whioh had been  a   sitting  chair  in  that  oave.  Soon wooden houses were built, and  the houses continually Improved in  construction and convenience. Brick,  even, was used in building inside of  three years.  Your New Luncheon  Set     -  THERE is really nothing which  gives 'such satisfaction ' as a  beautifully appointed table.  Every housewife deserving the name  exerts herself in behalf of her table  linen. Just as she keeps her silver  bright, and buys good-looking china.  In, the matter of table linen, bo  much more can be accomplished for  the money spent if the things are  .. made at home, and besides this, tho  work is pleasant. There are runner*  and napkins, dollies and napkins, and  luncheon' 'cloths with napkins to  match, which may claim the attention  of the worker. '"s  Perhaps one of the most interest*  ing schemes for embellishing the table is found in the wide imitation  filet lace which Is bought by the van*.  It makes such an inexpensive table  set, and it la just as pretty as It  can  be.  The larger plate dollies may be  made to include four or Ave of the  square designs each way. The dollies  should be square. The centerpiece  may be as large as desired, and should  also be square. The bread-and-butter, plate doilies may be two squares  long and wide. The glass- doillel  may be made of Just~one square. All l  the doilies are edged with an imitation Armenian  point.  Who Needs Forks!  IN THE Dutch colonies it is surprising  how long It took for forks to become  popular; there was a strange prejudice  against them. In Nicholas Breton's  The Courtier and the Countryman" wo  read: 'For us in the country, when we  have washed our hands after no foul  work, nor handling any unwholesome  thing, we need no little forks to make  hay with our mouth������, to throw our  meat Into them."  THE LONG SEAT OF POPULARITY  SO FEfW persons have awakened to  the possibilities to be found in the  ' use of the long seat���������whioh is a  pity, for the elect of the housefurnieh-  lng world have raised It to the height  of popularity. But I predict a serious  awakening In the near future; In fact,  this short discourse and the three pictures should win oonverta. For what  persons really are waiting for Is to be  told about some good thing, after which  they immediately- make the most of the  knowledge.  To begin with, these ejeats are very  smart The use of one in any given  room makes that room more fashionable and elegant. I cannot tell why this  should be so, but it is an invariable  happening when a new and good Idea  Is made use  of.  These Beats come in a variety of styles.  In wood, they are usually of walnut,  mahogany or oak. and the actual seats  are of wood, cane or upholstery-���������usually  one of tho latter two. And they may b<  used for many things.  In the living room the long seat may  be placed In front of the piano; one the  length of the desk may be placed in  front of the desk; a seat of dignified  length may be stationed before the fireplace, or beneath a window, along a  wall or in front of a bookcase. The  fact that the seats are backless seema  to  add to  their charm. ,    .  In the hall thev are particularly attractive, for here they strike a. formal  note which benefits the proper atmos-  phere of the halls. One may be placed  along the long wall, or along the staircase wainscoting.  IU .the dining room a long seat may  be placed beneath a window, or group  of windows, or in a bay window.  In the boudoir a seat may be placed  with much the same governing principles aa we find In the living room. An  additional placing, that of parallel to a  wall and several feat, two or three, distant from It. may be auEEeated.  7ke Vphdlsteved $sm.  This placing also holds In the bedroom. In front of the fireplace, desk,  window, bookcase also afford a choice.  Add .to this tho position of honor in  front of milady's dressing table.  The seat, besides its undeniable use,"  provides an opportunity for a choice  bit of oolor, for the upholstery itself  or the cushion may be of very brightly  colored rich material. A noticeable de-  si ������n too. can often be used with fine  en-oat  A woman who deservedly prides herself on the beauty of her bedroom has  Just Installed one of these long seat*.  Let me tell you about her room.  The general color scheme Is rose and  green, not the shuddering combination you may Immediately call to mind.  but one of wondrous softness and dullness; the green a reseda or Bags, the  rose a pale tone of the rose of old  bricks. The walls are papered in %  dark greenish-gray grass cloth, with a  glint of gold. The floor is painted black  and waxed. The rug is a large oriental  in rose, green, black and old gold���������It is  dull and rich in effect. In each wall  the lady has two old French fashion  prints set in panels. The furniture is  a very old Ivory color, and it Is Frenoh  in character; the (hangings are of rose,  ivory and green striped velour, witli  draw curtains of rose shot silk, and  glass curtains white voile. There are  two upholstered chairs of a soft dull  green, and one of blaiok satin brocade,  with an underlying glint of gold. Tho  long seat before the dressing table is  upholstered in a rich deep rose velour.  with ihuge corner tassels reaching to  tho  floor.  The bed is covered with green taffeta,  with strlppd velour head and foot rolls  to match Che window drapes. But the  lady loves her new long seat the best  of all.  fa  ismsmmmi^mmmm������f"^0^^  ?-���������.'���������' i"wiw *������" ���������' ft.  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  " '     *      .........  ���������   Way of the Wireless .  The Complexity of the Wireless Traffic  ,  in  the  North  Sea  The complexity of the wireless traffic over the North Sea, says the Wireless Age for May, is well illustrated  by the story" of a correspondent who  visited the radio room of a battleship  of the British fleet. Not only could  he pick up Poldhu, the German press  sent out from Nordeich, and the Eiffel  Tower, but communication from Madrid, the Russian commander in the  Baltic, the Mediterranean fleet, the  admiral of the British Grand Fleet,  and the German headquarters were  ,all plainly audible. This, of course,  ��������� was accomplished by adjusting the  apparatus to accomodate the varying  wave-lengths.'  The wireless officer in charge on the  [vessel which the writer visited had  [described it as a "wonderful night  [for wireless," though the night was  Imuggy and cold. But there was some-  [thing in the atmospheric conditions  jwhich responded exactlj to the requirements of the wireless.  The operator had just finished taking  the   daily    news    message    from  jPoldhu, the Welsh station of the English   Marconi   Company's   station   at  ^ape  Cod,   which    sends    press despatches to Atlantic passenger vessels,  Imd remarked, that it ought to be possible in, a moment to hear Nordeich,  lhe high power German station which  fends out the German press despatches  \o ships at sea.   The operator had his  fcye on the clock, whose minute hand  Ivas approaching the hour of nine. "He  Is very punctual, sir, is Nordeich; you  pan set your    watch by him.    I dare  say -he is just knocking out his pipe  row; he will start in a minute.      If  fou take the receiver you'll hear him.".  'I fitted the receiver over my ears,"  (the correspondent continued. "A black  Bvulcanite   disc   which   regulates   and  Itimes the wave-length to synchronize  Iivith one of the manv voices in the  lair,  vv.'is  set to  a certain number.  I  listened; there was a very faint, ghostly   chorus  of indistinct    whines  and  buzzes, like that coming from a edlony  |>f insects disturbed in some affair. '  ."Punctually, as the    minute   hand  rested on 12. a strong clear and strid-  lent note broke forth into the buzzing.  JThere .he is,' said the operator, who  friad-a duplicate^ set at his ear. Nord-  Jeich   began",   as" everyone   begins,   by  making   his  call, sign,   advertising  to  ill  whom  it might concern,  that he  jwas about to  begin his daily recital  fof tho Gorman version of the war.  -' 'Now listen to Poldhu,' said the  [operator, adjusting the apparatus. The  Jstrident tones died away, and in their  {place a deep, gruff mutterinar dominat-  led the air, when I was listening to  INordeich. Poldhu had been among the  ���������little minor chorus of whines and buzzes; when the dial change was made  INordeich sank to join its voice in the  (background of insect songs, and the  [rough voice took up the solo. Another  ladjustment, and -the- gruff voice fin-  Lished and in its place came a musical  [note, small and bell-like, took up the  Kale.  'That is the Eiffel Tower,' said  [lhe- operator, and my imagination,  [which had been fixed on that tall  Jgroup o'f masts that rises above the  j heather and gorse on the downs be-  fjond ' Mullion, transported itself to  [ihe night streets of Paris and that  [busy network of steel girders among  [whose interstices a little living,  ^breathing human figure was sitting  | and   pressing  a key.  "Again there, was an adjustment to  [reach another  wave-length.- 'Ah, you  have  got    the    Commander-in-chief.'  [''said, the operator. *  "But  those  were  not' all  the  won-'  Iders' shown to me in the wireless office that winter night in the Northern  [������eas.   It was indeed a 'wonderful night  ���������for wireless," almost unique in the experience of those to whom I was sneaking. ' '''���������-���������  ; "We  heard  all  kinds of things on  that night which are  seldom    heard  together  and  under the same condi-  'trons.    We   heard  the  Russian  Commander-in-chief     in    the   "Bsltic,  wp  ���������heard Madrid and we hoard the German    Commander-in-chief    from    his  fastness across the North Sea.  "We heard the British- Commander-  in-Chief in the Mediterranean; all  /these of course were call signs known  and recognized, but there were many  ���������others, coming no doubt;, from places  as diverse. and remote and as kindling to the imagination,, which we did  not know or recognize "Yet they were  ���������for the most part voices ��������� bnlyr���������voices"  and nothing else.", ���������  Germany's Next Harvest a Failure  The   Daily   Telegrapn's    Rotterdam  v .correspondent says that according to  reliable  information he has   received  Germany's next harvest is bound to-be  a failure."1 ���������-���������":'"'������������������-������������������������������������   --'"-  "It is this hopeless prospect for the  future," he says, 'tnat has impelled  ���������the German Government to a desperate peace venture through the medium of negotiations with the United  states.  "The failure of the harvest is due  entirely to the blockade. German crops  will be poor because the British navy  has cut off from Germany all its  overseas supplies, first, of cattle feeding stuffs, second, of artificial fertilizers. In all parts of the Empire  farmers have reported that their land  will not this year bear its full yield.  "With this fact now before it, the  .Government knows that even if staved  off in the meantime famine next winter is inevitable."  Watch Canada Grow  Members of the faculty of Shantung, China, Christian University located in Tsinanfu, are much elated by  the announcement that the Rockefeller  foundation, through the China Medical  board, will grant that institution fifty  thousand dollars for buildings and  equipment, and one hundred thousand  dollars for expenses of faculty and  students over a period of five years.  Tom���������When you proposed to her I  .suppose she said, "This is so sud-  .den!"  ... Dick���������No; she was honest and said,  P'This suspense has been terrible."���������  r Boston Transcript.  "Dad,  what's a symposium?'- "It's  l^o. sort of meeting, my boy, so called  pecause  a  lot of simpletons  usually  vyse at itl"  Canadian   Cities   Bound   to1 Grow   in  Wealth   and   Population _,  Guy Cathcart Pelton .writing in a  recent issue of the Journal of Commerce, discusses at length the possibilities of continued growth of Canadian cities, and contends that, as the  Dominion of Canada increases in  wealth and population, the cities will  become larger. He contends that the  rural population has increased as  rapidly as the urban, and that the  future of the cities is very bright. He  writes:  "In the dull days before the war,  when a lull in the real estate' boom  was ielt from coast to.coast in Canada, the critics at home and abroad  got busy and accused us in Canada  of many evils. One of these was that  our cities had grown too fast and that  we were sending too much population  to the cities.  "Even in the day of the real estate  boom in western cities there was a  big increase going on in the rural  population of Canada, quite as Jarge  as tho increase in urban population,  and the iigures of the present day  show that the rural population of the  Dominion is quite in proportion to the  urban populatron. In fact, we are as  a country more sanely populated than  other parts of this continent.  "Cornparrsons at this time are interesting. They give us the opportunity of liguring out just how far we  can go before we, have reached the  limit. We look at Toronto and Montreal and get the idea that they are  wonder cities for population. In many  respects so they are, yet in the United  States she would be included in the  statistical reports under Group 2, for  there are in the United States nine  cities with a population exceeding  five hundred thousand. Naturally we  think of Chrcago and New York, but  we mustn't forget that there are Philadelphia, Baltimore, Pittsburg, Cleveland, St. Louis and Boston all bigger  than Toronto.  United States has ten cities with  populations from 300,000 to 500,000.  We in Canada scarcely realize that  New Orleans, Washington, Newark,  Buffalo, Cincinnati and numerous  other United States cities are much  bigger than Toronto and -equal to  Montreal in population.' In the United  States the cities of 300,000 to 500,000  population are put in Group 2. We  have only two cities, in Canada in our  Group 1 that can boast of anywhere  near these populations. Winnipeg is  climbing ahead, but it hasn't yet  reached the 300,000 class.  "Thero are 30 cities in United States  in the Group of cities having populations from 100,000 to 300,000, cities  most of them bigger than Winnipeg.  Lots of us Canadians have heard very  little about Reading, Pennsylvania;  or Camden, New Jersey; or Trenton,  New Jersey. We have fastened our  eyes upon New York and Chicago, and  hoped that some .day Toronto would  be the New York of Canada, and  Winnipeg the Chicago of Canada. And  so they will be. No true Canadian  doubts that.  "The west is proud and justly  proud of rts cities. We have commenced to think that Edmonton and  Regina were growing too fast, that  the pace couldn't keep. up. Yet the  Unrted States has 60 cities which are  in the class from 50,000 to 100,000  population and I can name a half  dozen that not one out of a hundred  Canadians have1 ever heard of Passaic,  New-, Jersey; Little Rock, Arkansas;  or Chattanooga, Tennessee? Yet these  cities are all bigger than Calgary or  Edmonton oi Regrna. and most of  them are bigger than Vancouver.  .'���������  In the number . of.cities of from  30,000 to 50,000 Canada is still in -its  infancy. This is the size of city which  is possible in almost any rich agricultural community, yet outside of  Ontario, Canada has very few, and  very few iri Ontario. Did you ever  hear of Lynchburg, Virginia^ or Muskogee, Oklahoma? Well, they are bigger cities than Regina or Moose Jaw  or Saskatoon or Guelph. .  "A claim that Canada's urban population grew too fast and will not again  have any substantial progress is a  claim made only by critics who have  not made a close study of the urban  and rural population of other countries, Canada, with its eight million  people has only three cities oyer 200,-  000, these being Montreal, Toronto and  .Winnipeg. The Dominion has only  about 20. cities with a population exceeding 30,000,'as compared with 200  in the United States1.-       :  "Nova Scotia ��������� and New Brunswick  each only has one" city over 20,000 and  Prince Edward Island hasn't any city  over 20,0.00. Quebec has three or four,  and Ontario some half dozen. Saskatchewan and Alberta each have three  cities ��������� in this class, while - British  Columbia also has three. Outside of  Wninipeg, Manitoba is without a  good sized city, though Brandon is in  the 15,000 class.  "The United States has hundreds  of cities of from 10,000 to 15,000 population, and that's the reason the residents of such towns as Swift Current,  North Battleford, Red Deer, Welland,  Prince Albert, Nanaimo and other  cities, have faith in the future and believe that they will grow as Canada,  and that they will become much more  important centres ol population than  they are at the present time.  "And the faith of the residents of  these small Canadian cities is well  founded, for they are backed by resources quite as rich as any of the resources which have built up the cities  of the United States.  "The boosters of Norfolk, Virginia,  will tell you that the resources.which  built up that city and are keeping it  together are the little truck farms in  the district. There isn't a province  in Canada that cannot give greater  returns from truck farni3 than can  these southern farms, which require  extensive fertlliztion every year.  Savannah is built upon shipping, just  as was Vancouver, and with the exception of the manufacturing states  of New England, the capitalization  per capita of the manufacturing industry in the United States cities is no  larger than in the Canadian cities.  "Such little cities as Welland, Ontario; and Yarmouth, Nova Scotia;  have important manufacturing industries ,and the opportunities of every  small city in Canada, east and west  are as good as ever the opportunities  of the United States a few years ago.  The Canadian cities are all surrounded  by country of great agricultural resources and there is no reason on  earth to heed the, remarks of the  critics who would tell us that we in  Canada have reached our limit in city  building, for as long as the rural population increases, so also will tlnT urban, and the increase in immigration  following the close of the European  war if it benefits the Back of the Land  movement and the agricultural settlement, will also benefit and increase  the populations of the Canadian  cities."  The Sphere of Woman  What   of   the   Women   Workers   After  the   War  is  Over  "What can be done must be done  now. I fear and-hope I am wrong  in fearing great troubles to follow  this tremendous war, say Sir Rider  Haggard.  "Its effect on the belligerent nations will be deep and revolutionary.  In England the most startling thing  with which we find ourselves face to  face is female employment outside the  home. Hundreds of thousands of  women now because of the war have  found their metier. From a multitude  of homes they have emerged and now  are doing their full share in the  world's work and incidentally doing  it exceedingly well, when their lack  of previous experience is taken into  consideration.  "Will they be content to lapse again  into an armless security with nothing  in front of them save, perhaps, loveless marriage, or that combat with  social conditions which is likely to  end in their own ruin?  "I think not.  "That means that they will do a  share of the world's work, displacing  men.  "And that means that a certain  number of men���������a large number, for  it will include the multitude who will  be displaced���������will have-to turn elsewhere than to their old employments  for their livelihood.  "Again, it means that women will  be sure to get the vote and will take  up the burden of accomplishing their  share toward the guidance of this  nation. I think within fifty years  they will be helping in the guidance  of all nations.  "I pray heaven that they may use  their new found influence aright and  think that will be the case, because  while women vvork by instinct rather  than by reason in eight times out of  ten woman's instinct takes her to results more accurate than those to  which our reason guides us.  "Another thing which must be remembered is the fact that in England1  the' high wages which the war has  brought to pass cannot be maintained  in general after the war ends. The  trades unions will not like to see them  sink.  "This inevitably will mean trouble,  and it"may mean very great trouble.  The only real refuge from this trouble will be found in a return to the  more primitive conditions that are  iir touch with nature. We cannot  get safely away from Mother Nature���������  for long, at any rate.  n ������  Horses for Military Service  Sixty   Thousand   Already   Bought   in  Canada By Allied Governments  Advices from.the War Office indicate  that a very considerable number of  horses for military purposes will be  required from Canada this summer.  Buying on a somewhat extensive scale  is to be resumed by the British Remount Commission, with headquarters  in Montreal. About sixty thousand  horses have been purchased in Can  ad a for war purposes by the allied  Governments since the outbreak of the  war, while more than six hundred  thousand have- been "purchased in the  Unrted States. Probably another  twenty thousand will be purchased in  Canada this year. This- insures a  steady market- and continued good  prices for horses suitable for artillery  and transport work.  Lieiit.-Col. Dr. Warnock, M. P., has-  been ordered to again report for duty  in Montreal \ to help superintend the  work of securing and inspecting remounts.  1  Digging Post Holes   ���������  A farmer from Wyoming asks for  information as to tho most' rapid and  economical method of setting fence  posts. An expert in farm mechanics  answers: C  Driving posts is not to be recommended unless only a temporary fence  is desired, or sharp metal posts are-  used. If the posts are of wood a large  proportion will crack under the blows  of the sledge.  The spade as an implement is usually not efficient, for only a shallow  hole can be dug with it, and a post,  to be set properly, must be set at least  two and a half feet into the ground.  With a regular post-hole digger the  hole may be easily and uickly  made as deep as desired.  . Thero are three general types of diggers in common use: the plain flat  auger, the cylinder-cased auger, and  the split cylinder spade, which can be  opened and closed by moving the  double handle. The second type can  be used efficiently and rapidly under  the greatest variety of conditions, and  consequently is most widely used.  The cost of digging the holes will  depend upon the character and consistency of the soil, the depth to which  the holes are to be dug, and the ability of the worker.  Some Problems  We have been . training our youth  merely to be better farmers, but this  is only half. What to do with the  school, the church, the rural organization, the combinations of trade, the  highways, the architecture, the  library, the beauty of the landscape,  the country store, the rousing of a  fine community helpfulness to take the  place of the old selfish individualism,  and a hundred other activities is  enough to fire the imagination and  to strengthen the arm of any young  man or woman.���������L. H. Bailey.  The Clarion Call  s'iie  Duty of  Everyone  to  Contribute  to the Success of the War  Last year Canada responded mag-  nificiently to the call of the Empire.  The soil was cultivated to its utmost  limit, with the result that a bountiful  harvest was reaped. Boys and girls  united with their parents in showing  the good will and the proud national  spirit that they possessed. They bent  their energies towards making the  land produce all that it was capable  of doing. The times were not .financially good and bitter experience had  been had with, crop failure in the  previous year. Nothing daunted they  went to work with determined will and  persistence and they reaped where  they had sown. When the crops were  gathered granaries were full to overflowing. Canada had cause for the  celebration of the greatest, most intense, most earnest thanksgiving she  had ever known. That there was no  unmindfulness of the source from  which all blessings flow was shown  in action as well as in words. Patri-.  otic gifts came from many directions  in many ways. The women worked  with life and love. They gave the  fruits of their labors and they gave  their offspring. The men devoted their  acres and their services to the cause  of the Empire. Boys and girls cultivated what they termed war-plots,  The yields from which went towards  filling the exchequer of patriotism.  There were slackers then, there were  Scrooges then, there are the same elements today, but the evidences of  sympathy far overshadow the discordance and such a front of union was  displayed as commanded the respect  and admiration of the world.  This year there must be no backing  up. Evn the unwilling of last year,  the Scrooges and the men and women  who put personal profit before love  of country, must, if possible, be  brought into line. The situation is  more intense than it was. There is  more suffering, there are more widows  and orphans, and there are twice as  many men on the fighting line and  under arms. As the war progresses the  slaughter becomes greater, more shipping and more property are ruthlessly  destroyed, and the cry for help is  keener. Were it not for the British  Navy our allegiance would cost us  dear. Were it not for the united armies and for the organization for protection from assassins, traitors, and  incendiaries, that exists in our own  land, we should be at, the mercy of  thu same cruel forces that have overrun and laid waste Belgium, Poland  and Serbia. We should'he taxed beyond all bearing. We might even  practically be slaves, working not for  ourselves, but for tyrannical tax-  masters, for men compared with  whom, judging from some of their actions, Legree, the novelist's type of  a brutal, cruel slavedriver, was, in  deeds of villainy and harshness, no  woi ae.  The future of the Empire rested in  a large measure with Canada at the  beginning. It. rests with us to a  greater extent now. We have increased  our responsibility. We have voluntarily added to the weight of um  share of the titanic burden. We must  bear the self-imposed load cheerfully  and generously. We must show our  worthiness of the trust assumed. We  must prove our appreciation of the  high and honorable partnership into  which we have entered. We must do  all this and we must perform our  tasks with, if at all possible, increased  zealousncss. To halt or pause would  be fatal. Our works of charity must  continue to the full and be added to.  Our eye, not only on the present but  also oh the future, must never hesitate or waver. When peace comes our  granaries and our stalls must be full.  Today we are called upon to do  our share of the fighting, to care for  the sick and wounded, to honor the  dead and to admire the living hero:���������  and they are all heroes who go forth  ���������tomorrow we may be summoned to  replenish the earth, to help in the  artsof peace, and to do all we can to  assist in repairing the terrible ravages  of a war that has taken on such proportions in magnitude and savagery  that even "Armageddon" is scarcely  thought a fitting descriptive term. In  short, it is our duty to be prepared  for any and every eventuality, both  present and future. At war, we are  yet. not at war. We can plough, sow  and reap and tend our flocks and  herds undisturbed by the thunder of  artillery. We can carry on our industries without let or hindrance. We  aan win_ glory on the battlefield or  we can' live our own lives amid peace  arid plenty. All that is demanded is  remembrance of our country and truth  to ourselves. That is the clarion call.  ���������Montreal Family Herald.  The Boy on the Farm  The Farm Offers the  Best Opportunities   For  Success  The farming business is now coming  to a point where it is generally recognized as the most prosperous business,  offering the best future and the brightest prospects. That being so, there  will be no trouble about keeping the  boy on the farm, for he will be keen  to see that it is the best place to make  money, gain the respect of his fellow-  man ,and obtain that standing among  which is the ambition of every right-  minded boy.^ It is to gain these things  that he has heretofore gone to the city;  it is to gain these things that he will  hereafter stay on the farm and that  will send the youths of the city to  join him. All he wants to. know is  as to what pays best in the sum of  human happiness arid comfort and success. It is now being demonstrated  that in all these things the farm offers  the best opportunities.  The Great Bagdad Stake  Butter, and Health  Capture  by Allies Would  Change the   Milk   is   Not   Considered   Safe   Unless  Moslem  Order -   it is Pasteurized  They  Had  Down in Georgia a negro organization used the ceremonies of a popular  white lodge, which went into court  for relief. Its lawyer waxed warm in  his plea.  He said- "Why, Your Honor, these  negroes have got our passwords, our  hailing signs, our secret work, our  badges nnd our emblems."  iUvatbless, he stopped as the judge  leaned forward with a smile and remarked: "It would also appear that  thev liava eot your goat"  The chief significance of the Anglo-  Russian campaign in MesoDotamia lies  in the one fact that Bagdad, .the strategic aim of the conflict, has been the  seat of the Caliphate in the past and  is one of the recognized centres of the  power of Islam today.  In dealing with Turkey and the  Turks one must take account of a  simple but tremendous'fact���������that, far  from being a solitary individual or  power, the power is rather one backed  more or less unanimously and- vigorously by sentiment of the Mohammedan world outside the Turkish Empire.  The Kaiser, a skillful diplomat as well  as aa trained soldier, has had the  shrewdness to make this fact the very  cornerstone of his foreign policy relative to Turkey since the beginning  of his reigD.  The climax was reserved for our day.  The great war was decJared on Aug  I, 1914 While none ot Turkey's rights  wore in peril and all aer interests required a nattitude of absolute neutrality, yet three months later she surprised the world by jumping into the  ring of fire on the side of the Central  Powers. Two things induced her to  take the momentous step���������the pleasure  of fighting somebody and the promise  of one-frfth of the huge inclemnity  which Germany hoped to exact out of  prostrate France and England. In return for this double favor she promised to make a two-fold contribution  to the alliance���������that is, the resources  of the Turkish arm/ and the sentiment of the world of Islam. In accordance with the agreement, on Nov.  3, 1914, the Sultan, as commander in  chief of the Ottoman army and navy,  declared war against the Allies, and a  few days later, in the capacity of  Caliph, solemnly called upon the  Mohammedan states and races anywhere on earth to join in a holy war���������  a summons which had not sounded  for centuries. On that day England  and France and Russia became "infidel" states in the eyes of the Mohammedan world. The proper punishment  for an "infidel" is death, according  to Islam.  England, who strangely enough governs the largest Mohammedan community on earth (65,000,000 in India  alone,) and Russia, who has many  millions of them within her dominions, were, of course, fully cognizant  of the logical possibilities of the Sultan s challenge. They reasoned that  as a counterstroke nothing would be  as effective as the capture of the nearest stronghold of the Caliph's influ-  cre.dit him in the eyes of the many  upon as the objective of a double campaign moving from opposite directions  ���������an Anglo-Indian army landed at the  Persian Gulf to work its way up the  Tigris valley and a Russian army with  headquarters in Caucasus to move  southward.  ' If the campaign can be brought to  a successful issue it will prove an  achievement of far-reaching consequences, both strategically and otherwise. With Bagdad in the hands of  the Allies, all talk of a teutonic drive  tovyard India will have vanished into  the air. The much-heralded German-  Turkish campaign agarnst the Suez  Canal will automatically cease to be.  The Sultan himself will deem it expedient to seek out a safe spot in  Asia Minor for the transfer of his  government from the present location  in the Bosporus.  The religious slg!iii''cf>ni;p of the  event, so far as it relates to the Turkish Sultan, will be even greater. His  moral prestige will at once be gone.  The fact of holy'Bagdad, the ancient  metropolis of, the holy religion in the  past and one of the greatest shrines  of Islam today, falling into Christian  hands cannot help out completely lis-  credti him in the eyes of the many  millions'who have been taught to revere him as the successor of Allah's  Great Prophet.���������New York Times.  No Standard Canadian  Butter  It is to' be regretted .that no standard grade of butter exists in Canada,  similar to that which exists in New  Zealand, Denmark and several other  countries. Our butter in foreign markets is not known as Canadian- butter-  but rather as Ontario butter,"*"Quebec  butter or Saskatchewan butter.  The Dominion authorities have recognized for some time that the industry is suffering because no standard exists. Steps are now being taken  to bring ,the butter makers of the  country together in district meetings  and to evolve a standard grading system which will apply to Canadian  Canadian butter in general.  Producers should do all possible to  facilitate this work as the future success of the industry will to a great  extent depend upon, its success. Farm  products which have been standardized will surely bring a higher price  in the markets of the world than those  which conform to no set standard.  To Relieve Congestion  Two unusual measures have been  under consideration by the Legislature of Massachusetts. One provides  for an appropriation for homesteads  or small houses with plots of ground  for mechanics, laborers and other persons in the suburbs of cities and  towns. The other bill authorizes any  city to acquire land for the purpose  of teaching agriculture to its inhabitants, including school children,  adults and family groups.  A Scottish cabman was driving an  American around the sights in Edinburgh. In High street he stopped and,  with a wave of his hand, announced:  "That is John Knox's house." "John  Knox!" exclaimed the American.  "Who was he?" This was too much  for the cabby. "Good heavens!" he  exclaimed. "Did you never read your  Bible?"  The 'Parson���������I congratulate you on  your excellent crops of wheat this  year,  Mr.  Grouser.  The Cocky���������Ah, do yer? An' wot  about the terrible extry expense in  takin' it off an*, buyin bags?  The relation of butter to health is  a question    to  which    certain < very, -  eminent hygienists have been "turning  their attention recently (writes David -  J. Hickey in an article on "How But-1  ter is Made,"    in    the    Housewives'  League,  Magazine.)  Such a person as Prof. Posenau, ol  the department of hygiene at Harvard,  made some very remarkable studies  on the subject. The Bureau of Animal Industry of the United States,  through its scientists, has done a great  deal to throw a much needed light on  the subject also.  It is a well established fact, that  disease can be disseminated through  the agency of raw milk, and it seems  only logical to question whether the  same disease germs cannot be carried  in other dairy products made also  from raw 'milk and cream, such as  butter and cheese. ���������  It is estimated by the government  that about 10 per cent, of all. dairy  cows in the United States are'suffering with some form of tuberculosis.  There are about twenty-two millions  of dairy cows in the United States at  the present time, so that would mean  two million two hundred thousand  tuberculosis cows. In New" York-Stats  alone, the Bureau of Animal Industry  estimates that fully one-third of all  the cows have tuberculosis in soma  form.  Milk from such' cows cannot' really  be considered safe unless it has been  pasteurized, and the great bulk of it  used for butter making is rrot pasteurized at all.  Rosenau gives the following results  from experiments made at Boston last  year:  "Twenty-one samples of butter of  unknown age purchased ion the open  market and examined for the presence  of tuberculi bacilli gave positive results in nine and one-half- per cent."  It is said by authorities . on tha  subject among government officials  that tuburculr bacilli continue to lurk  in butter, even after they have been  kept for five and six,months in cold  storage ! Pasteurization would . hava  killed the bacilli easilv and eliminat- *  ed much danger and risk to the users  of the butter -    --. '  One of the worst diseases amonft  cattle, caused by a germ known as  the bacillus of infectious abortion. *  which caused the premature births  of thousands of calves annually can  be carried by the. agencv of milk and  milk products, and has been' found in  humans as a result of eatinc milk or  milk products infected with the germ!.  Just what is the effect of this genu  on the human organism is not. definite- *  Jv determined, but, any disease-producing germ is dangerous to health.  New Zealand Grumblers ' v'  General Birdwood inspected tha  New Zealandcrs in camp at Horn-  church, England, and presented 'a  number of D. C. medals amid great  enthsiasm. In an inspiriting speech  to the men the General said they l^td  a lot more  fighting to  go  through.  The world had heard of their glorious work. They had never failed to  rise to the occasion. Only on two  occasions had he heard of grumbling.  j The first time was from the men who  were not in the first line in the landing at Gallipoli, and the second time  was in Ih'e evacuation, when men  complained that they were not the  last to leave. The King had been told  of this latter complaint and he was  proud of it.  Hay and Clover Meadows  jl'lie proportion of 'hay and clovel  meadows winter killed proved to b������  unusually small, being only 35 per  cent, for all Canada as compared wrth  10 per cent, last year, 14 per cent, in  1914, and 22 per cent, in 1913. The  average condition was 92 per cent, of  the standard or full crop as compared  with 91 per cent, last year, 86.7 per  cent, in 1S14, 89.6 per cent in 1913, and  74.6 per cent, in 1912  ; Beating Germany  An American neutral authority tells  us that a "special correspondent" of  the strongest Teutonic prejudices  wired an American newspaper from  Berlin the other day that $100 in  American money would buy 528 marks  in that city. The normal price of $100  is a shade over 420 marks. Right in  the Kaiser's capital, therefore, the  Kaiser's money was at a discount of  more than 20 per cent.���������Winnipeg  Tribune.  Visitor (at private hospital)���������Can  I see Lieut. Barker, plepse?  Matron���������We do not allow ordinary  visiting. May I ask if you're a relative? ���������   ���������      ���������  Visitor (boldly)���������Oh, yes. I'm his  sister.  Matron���������Dear me! I'm very glad to  meet you.   I'm his mother.  Uncle Ernest (improving the shining  hour)���������And what do we do with the  flesh of the Whale?  'Bobby���������Eat it. :  Uncle Ernest (sarcastically)���������Oh, do  we? And    what    do, we do    with the.  bones?  Bobby���������Put 'em on the edge of tha  plate.  The  Hare  and  the  Tortoise  . Possibly it is England's strong point  that she is so slow to learn. Germany  learned a lot, learned it very- fast, and  a good part of it wasn't so, and has  got her into heaps of trouble.���������From  Life.  "How do you account for the fact,  as shown by actual investigation, that  thirty-two out of every hundred criminals in the country are left-handed?"  "That's easily accounted for! The  other i,ixty-eight are right-handed.  think !  Visitor, to wounded soldier in hos-      "Do you think    doctor's    medicina  pital���������I'm  afraid  you  must  find  the   ever does any good?" "Not unless you ,  days very wearisome here? follow  the  directions."   "What direc-  Paticnt���������Not always; we don't, have   tions?"     "Keep    the    bottle    tightly,  visitors every day. vou know i 1 corked I"  -'   -'-tv  M  :%^M  #  ������*.*,������ 1U.U .tllw-llMffJUM/ U  aBUwc.wp^avw r^nyifc wjm  THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.      B.      C.  Not' of Pre-GIaei&l Period  Theory   Based  on  Finding of Body  in  British   Columbia   Has  Been  Exploded  A iliPoiy, bused upon lhe discovery  oi a human skeleton in earth bods  alleged to be of great ago, that man  has been present on tho North American continent at a much earlier period  than Inn I ever been supposed, has  been exploded by the, results of a  special investigation conducted by officials oT the geological survey, which  ure published in "the. annual .report' of  thai, branch, just, issued.  Tho di'-covPry 'or. .the. human- remains, which was made near Savonu.  H. C, caused a mild scientific sensation. It was made, .the subject of. a  jiti per- presented '���������' to' t lie -Royal "Society.  oC Canada at, its U'leiing last >v. V.  tlic- c-iiiiin then "oi!ini*.ii'iad<'-ih'a;., tlio  were of glacial age. Tt this claim had  been established, it would'have given  i-videnc-e of the presence of mail long  ve.'irs Iji-fore' it - lias -been ' considered  that iinytiling in human form existed  in North America, aiid would have  upset in.-uiy 'theories hitherto held on  thi.-> subject.  The r''-*ults of investigation, however, dispose of the claim of any very  great nutiquity for tire remains discovered. C.���������-W.j ��������� Drysdalfi looked into  Hie geolocry of the locality where the  discovery was made; while F. H. S.  Knowles, of the. Anthropological  hi-iinch, examined the skeleton. - Mr.  l)i-ysdaleV> conclusion, is that "the alluvial series-at-'this section, is clearly  o[ recent and not glacial .age." Mr,  Knowles, from an examination of the  skeleton found, although it is m a  somewhat ..defective, condition, has  been able to deduce i hat it is "that of  ���������an Tiidicui Woman, well oh iir years,  probably about 5 feet in .height, who  suffered from chronic .rheumatism,.led  r.n active mode of life in her earlier  years, and was accustomed to rest in  ��������� a squatting-posture, as usual among  primitive peoples.  Tho verdict of this scientific coroner's inquest is that, "ihe woman -may.  have been drowned-rn Kamloops lake  and her body 'buried along with the  normal accumulation' of silts and  irraveis on flic, lake bolloni." .���������'".'���������  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST "QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUCS  Good Road  *>  Good- Rural   Roads Are of the  Utmost  Value  to  ";Vie .Farmer  One of those lovers of statistics, who  spend their days in computations and  their nights in figures, have calculated that there is hauled.over the roads  of Canada, every year 100,000,000 tons  'of freight for a distance of five riiiles  per, ton. .The, computation is based  on the amount of tonnage of the railways of the.Dominion, which amounts  to approximately -60,000,000 tons every  year, together with an additional  amount for local traffic. In view oi"  the fact that the majority of railway  freight must bo hauled at both ends  of the journey the estimate does not  seem  to be  exaggerated.  The cost of haulage on the roads'of  Canada-is. rarely less than 25 cents a  mile so that the total cost of the haulage of produce and goods in one year  reaches the enormous proportions of  $125,000,000. The estimated cost of  hauling freight on the roads of Europe is estimated at from eight to  twelve cents per ton: mile, so that it  would seem that a system of good  roads extended throughout the Dominion would mean a net saving over the  amount now spent of 'something <over  $25,000,000 a year.  In view of the campaign for greater  thrift it would seem that the good  roads problem takes on a new aspect.  It must not be forgotten also that bad  roads mean a loss of time to the  farmer. At the recent good roads conference at Montreal one of the engineers" who has made a study of "the  question estimated that bad roads  occasion a loss of a man and a team  for twelve working days on every farm  in the  Dominion. V  Rural roads arc the primary channels of .traffic. Along the roads production industry and commerce have  their origin. If the common roads  were closed the railway lines would  decay and their rolling stock become  fit for the scrap heap. The ocean liners would rust, at their moorings if  the roads were closed. Nations' have  even prospered without railways but  good roads have always- been vital to  industrial development and national  progress. '    - '���������'-.'���������"...-:,  .Bad .roads limit the output of farms  to the kind and qua 1 ify of produce  that can be drawn to "market. Good  roads permit tlic 'farmer to take advantage to the utmost of the location  and fertility if his land. In other  words, it may be''-broadly "said ''that  with bad roads the production is restricted; to tlie^ amount/ of: produce  that can be hauled over the roads  whereas with good roads it is'restricted-only by the amount and quality  that, can he sold'on  the market.  Today in the Dominion of Canada  there are about 2-50,000 miles of graded roads, according to. an estimate  made for the Dominion government  by Mr.  W.  A. MacLean. deputy min  Buying Up Horses  Scarcity of Horses All Over Dominion  is the  Report  Since tire outbreak of the war, the  British Remount Commission has  purchased   rn   Canada   15,000   horses.  Celebration of Anzac Bay  Glowing   Tribute   Paid   to   Heroes   by  George  Mc  L.  Brown,   European  Manager of the ,C.  P.  R.  On  April  24th  the   "Pall  Mail   Gazette" of London,  England contained  8,000   have  been    bought    by   French j marry views of the celebration of An  contriTctoi'S and 25,000 by the Canadian ! zac  Day  at Westminster Abbey  eonr-  Depai-triient of  .Militia.    The   Depart-   meiiioratiiig the landing of troops from  Dreams Have Been Utilized  For Army Workers   ���������  Equipment for the Canadian Overseas  Railway. Construction  Corps  Gigantic steam shovels weighing 65  tons each, capable of eating up the  earth at the rate of'150 to 200 cubic  yards an hour, and self-propelling  extension track pile drivers," are part  of the equipment 'recently purchased  by the government for Col. C.NV. P.  Ramsay, of the Canadian Overseas  Railway Construction Corps.���������"." This  plant was selected by Col. Ramsay's  colleagues in the engineering department of the Canadian Pacific Railway  and is being prepared by that company at therec'uest ofthe 'government  lor "shipment abroad. The Canadian  ���������Overseas Railway Construction Corps  lias already built many miles of track  at strategic points and is all the  while engaged iir surveys for further  construction. The work has often to  be done under fire, and though there  have been so many narrow escapes  there have been no serious casualties  Out of the non-commissioned officers  and sappers that enlisted on the foun- > icinalitv   in   Ciimrli   iX   tin   *+=" <=h.,,-������-i , . .    ,, -,, -  ------ _-....       . .icip.mij   in   ^anaua   to   do   its   share   national hymn in the world is and he  merit of Militia is now engaged in  buying on additional thousand head.  The British Remount Commission has  purchased over 700 since March and  is buying-daily in Montreal. French  contractors are anxious to obtain  suppjics'and arc arranging to buy all  that arc available both in the East  and in the West. It, is understood  that, as a result of the purchases already made, army buyers are finding  it increasingly difficult, both in United States and in Canada, to readily  secure the number of horses which  they require, particularly of the type  suitable for heavy cavalry or heavy  artillery.  in' addition to the purchases for  army account, commercial activity  from two distinct quarters lias exerted a very evident influence upon tho  Canadian horse market during the  past three or four months. Since thp  beginning of the year, 6,000 horses  reached the Winnipeg Stock Yards  from Eastern Canada, and 5,917 were  shipped from the same yards westward, mostly to Saskatchewan. During  the,months of January, February and  March, 1,805 horses were exported to  the United States. A few hundred  more wont forward to the same market  in April. The horses exported were  good farm chunks weighing from 1,300  .to 1,500 lbs. As High as ?500 a pair  for animals possessing extra quality  and.-conformation. This new movement in the horse market is having  its effect upon prices all over Canada.  Some    Inventions     and     Writings   the  Result of Visions While Sleeping  We are apt to regard a dream its  waste material, which has no real  reference or touch with life. Hut it  i.s not always so, and "the questions  might bo asked whether wo make as  much uso of dreams as our ancestors  in tho earlier stages of the world.  There have been several cases of  very abstruse mathematical problems,  which di'ad baffled the mathematician  while awake, solving themselves in  'sleep.. But it is probable tliat-no modern' man 'reduced dreaming to so scientific and useful a. point as. Robert  Louis Stevenson.,  He was a wonderful dreamer, and  e.nuld dreinn in sequence, continuing  a .dream-from the'point where he iiad  broken off, like a senal..story. Tt was  in this way that the greater .'part of  "Jekyll and Hyde" was put together.  Well,  if a man can dream a master  Australia and .New ZZealand orr the  Uaihpoli Peninsula which occurred  on April 25, 1910. Among them appeared the following glowing tribute paid  by Mr. George Mc L. Brown, European  Manager of the C.  P. R.  "The solemn beauty of Westminster  Abbey, which echoes with the story  of our past, is a fitting shrine in which  to coinincmoiate the noble "Anzac"  dead. Not alone because of the valour-, the fortitude, and the sacrifice,  aro the memories ol those lives laid  down, previous to tho Empire, but because they symbolize tire high qualities  which throughout centuries have gone  to the building up of the British race.  The courage and the chivalry of our  forefathers lived again in those daunt-'  Jess heroes of Gallipoli who have passed on undimrned the traditions of our  history. And wherever those traditions are reverenced, in the United  Kingdom, in their own homelands of  Australia, New Zealand, and Tasmania, in Canada, in South Africa���������  wherever*- tho British flag flies there  will be glorified those valiant men  who strengthened the old, and forged  new bonds to draw closer together and  make of us one people. As a Canadian,  I speak with certainty when 1 say that  in no part of the Empire is the service  the An/.acs have rendered more universally recognized than irr Canada.  We feel that their splendid story is our  pride and honor too, and. that they  have helped to bring home to us  afresh 'the truth that though the seas  may roll between, wc are all Mother  country, and daughter nations, one  Empire. Not each for each, but one  for all���������we die, .wo live.-'"  Shakespeare's Popularity  If the test of popularity"is the store,  set upon greatness by the number of  books printed relating to a man, their  the,number of sets of Shakespeare's  books placed upon the market���������S00.-  000���������settles his pre-eminence in that  respect as well as in many others.  Allowing seven volumes to each set  that would bring up the figure to 15.-  000,000.  This number is ten tunes that of  fire total number of books housed, in  the Bodleian Library and not far short  of double the British Museum total,  which is steadily increasing at the  rate oi 100,000 volumes each year.  The British -Museum Library catalogue, by the way, contains nearly  5,000 entries relating to Shakespeare,  and the collection of Shakespeareana  on its shelves exceeds 20.000 separate  books.  ister of highways    for    Ontario.      It j   k,cn o{ fiction, it is worth something,  should be tbo^objectiv-e of every ntun-I *  Ask   any  American what the finest  elation of the corps, 18 have already re  ceiveel commissions'in .-the Royal Engineers, a remarkable tribute to their  etticiency, while Col. Ramsay and  Major Harvey have been mentioned  in dispatches. The si���������.\:ndid work of  these Canadian engineers has been  highly appreciated by the allied commanders.  Senator Gore of Oklahoma, while  addressing a convention in Oklahoma  City recently, told this story, illus-  tr.'Ming a point he made:  "A northern gentleman was being  entertained by a southern colonel on  :i iishinc* trip': It was his first visit  to the souih, and the mosquitoes were  so bothersome that he was unable to  sleep, while, at the same, time lie could  hear his  friend snoring  audibly.  '"Tlic next morning he approached  the old fellow who was doing the  cooking.  " 'Jim.' he said, ''now is it the colonel is able to sleep so soundly with  so many mosquitoes 'around?"  "Til lc-11 you, boss," the cook replied, Me fust part of de night de  kernel is too full to pay any 'fenshuii  to de .-keeters, and tie last part of de"  night de skeetei-s is too full to pay any  't'-nshun to do kernel!"      '  Ireland's True National Color  The question raised in tho London  press, recently, as to what is really  the national'color of Ireland, does not  admit, of debate, at any rate from an  historical point, of view. The national  color is of course blue aud not green.  The adoption of the "immortal green"  dat^s, it is generally supposed, from  I lie rebellion of '93. At that time Ulster Orangemen mado common cause  with the Irish nationalists of the  south, and a green flag was chosen  as their ensign because green was the  color produced by the blending of  orange and blue. The national"flag,  too, of Ireland is not the green flag  with an Irish harp in the; centre, but  lhe white flag showing the red saltier  of St. Patrick.���������Christian Science  Monitor.  in improving the roads within its  boundaries by steady arrd persistent  effort so that their cumulative efforts  may one day see Canada a network  of splendid highways and a network  of branches linked up in some comprehensive  plan.���������Saskatoon   Star.  Pushing- on to Arctic Ocean  Word  Received From R.  N. W.' M. P.  Detachment -   Which      Left  Regina Last "summer  Word was received by Corporal  Wight, of the Brooks detachment of  the .ft." N. W. M '.P., from his brother.  Constable J nines Wight, who is one of  the Bear Lake patrol who left Regina  last summer on the way to the Arctic  in search ot two missing priests, that  the police patrol readied Dense river,  where the priests' deserted cabin is  located.  The letter was dated January "J and  took over four months to come  through. Inspector La Nauze is in  charge of the patrol and-Constables  Wight and Withers are the other policemen. Arderr, a prospector, and an  Eskimo interpreter also accompany the  party. They intend pushing on to  Coronation Gulf on the Arctic Ocean,  according to a letter,- travelling via  Dismal Lakes. At the north .coast,  Inspector Nauxc and Arderr will cross  over to some islands and will ci-c-.le  the gulf in search,of the tribe of Lski-  ir.os who are supposed to have murdered Fathers Rouvier .-.nd Larou:*.  Arderi saw members of this tribe  vith   the   priests'   cas; ������������������l:s  and   rifles  in the fall of 19M and the priests have : need I'  been missing since 1013. The tribe  was discovered four years ago by Stef-  fanson and are said to be unusually  savage. The patrol will be three years  on the trip.  will say, with Colonel Roosevelt, that  the "Battle Hymn of the Republic"  is head and shoulders better- than the  best���������that it "beats to a frazzle al!  the others."  Soon after the outbreak of the Civil  War, Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, who  wrote the hymn, heard the. soldiers  singing "John Brown's Body." The  tune sang in her rnind, and she  thought she would like to Write now  words to fit it, .but they wouldn't  come. She retired for the night, and  dreamed the whole.poem as it stands.  Getting out of bed, and scarcely conscious of what she did, she Wrote the  verses, then got back into bed and  slept till morn ing. ���������  Hut perhaps the cake, is taken in this  sort of thing by the inventor of *he  sewing machine. Elias Howe was the  man. and his difficulty whs not, the  machine, but the needle, lie ' mit-lit  have failed altogether but for this  dream. Tie thought he. was in a  strange land and was to be executed  if he did not complete the machine,  and  make  it sew.  He was given twenty-four hours,  and he spent it in agony of work, apparently. It was all useless, until he  was actually being led to tho place  of death. On the way he noticed that  the warriors who guarded him carried  spears which were pierced near the  head. Instantly the inventor saw the  solution of his difficulty, and, while  he was hogging'for time, he awoke. It,  was  4 o'clock   in   the  morning.      Tie  lis work-  he had  machine  poiiit!���������  leaped out of bed, rushed to  shop, and before breakfast  modeled   the     first    sewing  wi  th  lie eve  at th<  ihe   Limit  verv   small  Women Watchmen  In Germany and Austria, women, as  in Great. IIritain, are releasing men  from secular employments for the war.  and a Berlin investigator affirms that  they arc specially success fill ;is night  watchmen.  At Lichtoiiburg one of these lady  watchmen secured the arrest of two  notorious burglars. Another waited  until three burglars had packed their  loot into a motor-car arrd then jumped on the footboard as the car was  driving off; the burglars were so  nlarmed that they jumped out of the  car and left it and the booty to the  watchvvornan."  Of course, we all are aware that  ladies are experts at capturing men  in any case.  Tie was a. very small buy. Paddy  was his do.'*. Paddy was nearer to his  heart than anything on earth. When  Paddy met with swift and hideous  dci'lli on the turnpike road his mother  I trembled to break the news." But, if  had to be. and when he came home  from school she told him simply:  "P.icklv   has    been   run    over    and  killed."  From  Answers, London.  Shortage of Horses in the ' Dominion  That Canada is experiencing a shortage of horses on account of the heavy  drain of supplying thousands for military purposes, was the statement of  John Bright, Dominion live slock  commissioner, who attended tiro mooting of the National Live Stock Record  Board   in Toronto.  "There were not enough horses in  Canada-to work the land," ho declared.  "Something must be done to conserve  our supply."  On account of fanners' credit with  the   banks  being  curtailed,  there  has  A Brave Act  Single   Gunner     Hurls   Back     Entire  German Charge  An episode of the battle for Verdun,  illustrating the cool bravery oi the  famous Colonial divisions of France,  is related by a French army doctor,  who  witnessed  the  scene.  On a, crest flanking the. position of  Dououmont Lieut. S , belonging to  an African artillery regiment, was stationed with his battery of "75"s." At  six o'clock in the morning, during a  buzzard, an Austrian 130 "shell burst  dead on the foremost nun. A captain  who was regulating the range was  badly wounded. A doctor who hastened towards the wounded officer was  killed.  The Germans had got tho range of  the battery, and for half an hour  they rained shells on it, working terrible havoc among the men, horses and  guns.  The situation was already desperate when Lieut.  S ;  pushing his  best gun into a crater-, continued to  fire as cooly as at practice. One by  one the "gunners-were soon all killect.  The officer now seated himself behind  his gun, and acted aa. server.  At eight o'clock he had only four  men left; at nine o clock only two.  Half an hour later he was alone.  The Germans decided to storm the  position at the point of the"; bayonet.  Lieut. S- -watched them advance  in serried ranks across the snow-covered ground until they were but, 400  yards from him.'������������������ Their, as calmlv as  ever, he started to work his "75" at  top speed. His shells tore through  the German, masses, mowing clown  whole ranks and ploughing long furrows in the charging masses. 'The  Germans, unprepared for such a reception, 'wavered,, hesitated, then  turned back and regained their lines  in disorder, without suspecting that-  such terrible losses were the work of  one man ! I -     . .'.-.''  Lieut. S took advantage of the  respite to spike two of his guns,  which were out of action, and. harnessing the three remaining mules to  a couple of cannon, still almost intact, brought them, together with the  wounded captain and the body of the  doctor, to the main positions of his  division.  For his exploit, the. lieutenant has  been awarded the Legion of Honor arrd  the War Cross.  "1 think you are the man that stole  my shirt," 'said Mike O'Hafierty one  day when he met a very suspicious  looking foreigner roaming about his  house.  "Do yoii think T would stoop so low  as to take your shirt?" said the stranger.  "You hadn't to stoop at all. It was  hanging up."  South   Africans     Charged      in   Stockinged   Feet  South Africans had their first engagement in the Western Desert a  few weeks ago. A mixed force of  Anzacs, Sikhs, and Yeomanry moved  out against a large enemy force composed of Sonussr and Bedouin, iu  uniforms and officered by Germans  and Turks. Rain and mud compelled  the abandonment of waggons and  motors, etc., half way.  Tho South Africans early- suffered  from rifle fire because of "their stature, unci also suffered from the execrably heavy going, being unused  to footwork. A hundred of them wen-  sent back with sore feet, but on hearing the South African war cry they  turned to right about, and' with their  boots in their hands charged back,  taking part in the fight all day.  While returning footsore to" camp  oil the South Africans refused "lifts, j  though many were' carrying their  wounded and dead , comrades. They  were proud of'their work, but longing for their horses."  No "Water .Cure" For Germans  Rich Germans accustomed in peace  times to leave their Fatherland to  take the "water cure" in places outside Germany must now satisfy medical men under government jurisdiction that they require such cures, and  tliat there is reasonable grounds for  believing that the cures cannot be  affected by the waters of���������say Keil.  A Stupid Subterfuge  The stupidity and hypocrisy of Germany's contention that her systematic  campaign of murder and piracy at sea  was in retaliation for Great Britain's  "attempt to starve millions of Germans into submission" have long been  apparent to the neutral world. Aside  from the fact that the blockade is a  legitimate means of warfare, every  schoolboy knows or ought to know that  it was not established until after Germany announced her "submarine  blockade" of the British Isles in Feb-'  ruary, 1915, and her determination to  torpedo every ship that left or approached British shores, whether neutral or belligerent.���������Victoria Times.  He took if very quietly: finished his   been  a falling off in  the  breeding of  dinner  with   appetite  and  spirits tin-1 horses since 1914  unpaired. All day it. was the same.  Iiut five minutes after }\o had gone up  lo bed there ftchoed through the house  n. shrill and sudden lamentation. His  mother rushed upstairs with solicitude and sympathy.  "Niuse says," he sobbed, ''that  Paddy lias been run over arid killed."  "But, dear, 1 told you thai at, dinner  and you didn't seem to trouble at all."  "No; but,���������but T didn't, know yon  said Paddv I���������I thouirht you said  dadclv !"  W.      N.      U.      iiq*-  Ninety per cent, of Italian troot and  shoe factories are equipped with American machinery.  The Imperial Chancellor, rn his  famous war speech in the Reichstag,  said, "there must be a new Belgium."  Evidently the Belgians in East Africa  are of the same thinking. They have  captured 90 miles of Geiman territory  there, and named tho first town that  they,  took  possession  of. Liege.  Smashed   German  Supply   Base  A  Scotsman,   writing  of  trench   experiences, relates what hi.' heard from  the lips of an aviator:  "It was my good fortune to smash  up a German supply base, said the  airman, when 1 pressed him. "I had  a risky time of it getting over flic  spot, where I dropped the bomb, but  1 was so eager to drop to wreck the,  Bochc depot I quite forgot some of  my own dangers. The right moment  came, and I let her go. I looked down  to see what would happen There was  a muffled roar, and a cloud of smoko  and dust arose.  "As it cleared away 1 saw the success of my lucky shot. 1 forgot where  1 was, jumped up, and shouted and  waved my hat, and hardly know 1  was being fired at. It. was one of the  keenest feelings of enjoyment I have  ever experienced."  THE BEAUTY OF SUNLIGHT  is that every garment washed with it bears the  impress of purity; a purity begotten of sweet,  cleansing oils, and maintained by absolute clean-,  liness in manufacture; a purity exalted by the  co-operation of workers united for the purpose;  a purity demonstrated by the "$5,000 guarantee"  which rests upon every bar of SUNLIGHT SOAP.  ������J"C������  jpon every  A substitute for Sunlight is not as load and never  can  be.     Insist upon  the genuine���������Sunlight Soap.  The name Lever on  Soap is a guarantee  oi Purity end Excellence.  Sc.  Maple  love Cowan's  because they are  delicious and may be eaten in  large amounts without ill effect���������  every Bud pure and wholespme.  *A-9  The. latest, campaign on which (he  Militant Suffragists in Great Britain  intend to i-nibark is one for the retention of women when the war is  over at the labor they have taken up  at the call of Lloyd George.  Watered Margarine  Liquid margarine is the latest alternative to butter in Berlin, but even  the German police cannot stand for  such an adulteration, and a seller of  the butter has been fined $250 for  adulterating it with GO per cent of  water. The price of beef in Berlin is  now at 75 cents per lb.  Cheap   "War   Loans'*  Austria is beginning to feel the  pinch of the war. Such luxuries as  beef are no longer in happy sight on  the table of the Vienna workingman's  table. The government in raising its  last war loan had to induce money  by accepting subscriptions as low as  60 cents.  ���������������������!���������-*')!: WKWfti-frrtBWOT-,  !n9tG*immxtA<<wms*te*' I 1    -fi-'  ���������>: -v  -i-*.y*<"?I  - >\   ,''r*iT(-f  THE." (J2.ZETTE.      HEfiLEY,      B.  nmna*  war  I* S>1  'OIKS  Nine times in ten when the liver is right tfce  t*o/nach and bov/els are right.  C/tfcTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  gently bill fi.-mly com  p:l a lazy liver  do its duty  Cures Con-  ��������� tipation  Indiges-  , tion,  Sick '  fiTB  JYTg,E  Headache, and Distress after Eating,  -, SimallPJIJ, Small Doss, Small Price.  Genuine mu-r bear Signature  [from the all-too-common ills of  [the digestive organs ��������� weak  [stomach, torpid liver and inactive bowels���������is found in the  [always safe, sure, quick-acting  i.n-jjei>* Salo of Any,Medicine in 'the World,  bold everywhere.'  In boxes, 25 cents.  sJ-Jso  T'spccially ntlnptrd  for Ladies'and Child-  leu's Shoes, pioduces  theblnckest at>d most  brilliant shine of any  self-shiniiif dressiuc  made.    Contains no.  -tiling injurious and  is the the only dlcsi-  inir of its kind Uiat  contains oil to soften  -nnd preserve the  leather.  - Makes Old Shoes look  like New. Used largely  tn Shoe FcclorUs foi  finishing new   u.ork.  AT ALL DEALERS  eafwess Ss Misery  Ifchow because I was Deaf snd had Head  Noises for over-30 years.   My invisible  Anti-septic Ear Drums restored my hearing and'stopped'* lead Noises, and willdo  it for you.   They arc Tiny Megaphones.  if Cannot beiseen when worn.   Easy toput-  / in, easy to take out.   Arc "Unseen Cotn-  bi/u forts."Incipenslvc. Writefor Booklet and  -    bj sworn statement o f how I recovjed  J my heart ns.      A. O. LEOT*ATn>  . 8ulte220 IBiSthAve.   - -  N .Y .Clt7  Working- Your Eight Hours  The Secret  of Success  in   Your  Life's  Work   Lies   in   Industry  Generally speaking, a man CO years  old has slept twenty years, played 20  years and worked 20 years. That is  lo say, he lias divided each 'day of his  life as follows: Eight hours of sleep,  eight hours for pleasure- and recreation and eight hours ior work.  Of course, theie arc exceptions to  this rule; but the man who violates  this division of his day for any considerable length of time in the eiid likely  will pay the piper. -If lie sleeps too  much, he's a dope; it he plays too  much, he vcgclates and disqualifies  himself for work; if he works too  much, ho breaks down.  Only a third ol one's life seems a.  small proportion to devote to work. It  would seem that a mair could not accomplish much who devotes two-thirds  of his lire to sleep and recreation, and  some, men do not accomplish much ;  but that'is because they do 110L make  the most of their working hours.  Tiie secrot of successful accomplishment in the day's .i'ork���������tho secret of  success in your '.'rc'a work, lies in industry. While you arc working, work  ���������don't dilly dally and gal her wool arrd  chew your pencil and run to the window "wlicn yon hear the 'fire engine  coming. Keep eternally on your job  in the office froni" tl.ie time you hang  up your hat in "the morning'until tho  clock strikes at quitting time. IMake a  chip fly every second��������� concentrate  every ounce of mental or. physical energy-on the work at hand���������let there"  be no lost motion, no -cerebral vibration���������maintain yourself at the ^'highest' degree of efficiency. c -  If you do this for eight hours every  day you'll be heard from ere you are  long on the job���������men will marvel at  your achievements���������you' Won't have  much competition. The reason why  one man can do.in two hours what  another man accomplishes with difficulty in eight is not hard to find it  you watch both workers for a few minutes.���������Boston Globe.  BABY'S WELFARE  LOSSES   SURELY  PREVENTfcD  h7   Cultsi's   BlasSilsg   Pillf.     Low-  ��������� pricud. fi-osli. rellafcla; preferred by  WMtsrn stnclonen because Ihey pr������-  toot    v/hore    other    vaccinas    tail.  Writs for booklet and testimonials.  10-tloso ukga. Elaoklog Pills $1.00  SO-dojo.pkoo. Blackleg Pills   4.00  Uso any Injector,  but Cutter's best:  "Tho superiority of Cutter products is duo to over 16  tours of specializing In vacolncs and serums only.  Insist on Cutter's.    If. unobtainable;-order direct  "HE   CUTTER   LABOnATCRY,   Berkeley,   California.  ���������fUZ NEW FRENCH REMEDY. Nrt.t$,1.?iSZ.  OtJVJ Used in French  B>3 Hospitals with  fr eat success,1 CL'RES CHROSIC WEAKNESS. LOST VIGO*  VIM KIDNEY. BLADDER/DISEASES. BLOOD POISON.  PILES EITHER No DKUGClSTS'or MAIL SI. rOST 4 CT1  *OUGERaCO. DO BEEKMAN ST. NEW YORK or LYMAN BROS  TORONTO WRITE FOR FREE BOOK TO DR. LE CLERO  1ED CO HAVERSTOCKKDaiA.MFSTKAD. LONDON. ENO.  tRV NEW DRAGEE (TASTELESS) FORMOF    EASY TO TAS8  Daj   -SAFE AND  g^S    LASTING CURS.  l*KS:THAT   TRADII.MARKED,WORD   'THEHAPION     ISO*  ~R1I  GOVT ST������������- nfPIXJC TO ILL  GENUINE JACKETS,  The welfare of the baby is the fond  mother's greatest aim. jS,'o mother  wants to see her little ones suffering  from colds, constipation, colic or any  other'Of the many ills that so-often  afflict little ones. Thousands' of mothers have learned that by giving an  occasional dose of Baby's Own Tablets to" their children they can keep  them well. Concerning the Tablets  Mrs. Richard Boston, Pembroke, Out.;  says:���������"Baby's Own Tablets saved'my  little girl when nothing else ap'peared  to help her. T would not attempt .to  raise a baby without keeping the Tablets in tho house." They' are. sold  by medicine dealers or by' mail at 25  cents a bo.~ from The' Dr. Williams'  Medicine   Co.,   Brockville.   Ont.  New French Biplane  Can  Attain   a  Speed   of   125   Miles  an  Hour Against the Folcker's  100  Tiie French papers were recently  allowed to state that France now  possesses an aeroplane which has beaten the woikl's rccoid for speed. By  courtesy of the French war office correspondents were allowed to visit  Louis Bleriol's factories at Suresnes,  near Paris, and inspect the new machine. 11. Bleriot gave such details  as can be published of the new marvel.  The Fokker has been described as  a hawk. The new French machine is  a swallow���������a graceful, almost frail  looking biplane. It is called a "spad,"  tho word being derived from the initial letters of'the Socicte L'Aviation  ot Derives. It climbs rapidly and  smoothly and can attain a speed of  more than 125 miles an hour. The  Fokkers speed is 100 miles an hour.  On account of its speed the "spad"  can be entrusted - to only the most  expert pilots because, "though the  speed can be reduced a little, only the  "most skilful airmen can alight without smashing tiie machine. The dead-  'ly work of the "spad" may be'traced  through the daily French communi-  tl ties  "The Fokker is a very greatly overrated machine/' M. Bloriol said, "and  no better than the aeroplane we have  had for a long time I refer to the  Morane Sauhiicr., The German machines arc without doubt inferior to  ours, but they have an, engine, the  iUerccdes, which is as good as, but  no better. Hum .the French engine.  Never for a moment has Germany had  the mastership of the air and now-that  we have this machine we have established a lead which will .never be  wrested from us."  New British Machine Gun  'It Accounted for 330 Germans in Half  an   Hour  The Gentians weic for many months  superior nr machine guns," but the  British now have a gun which cair  beat this and is beating it every day  'Invented by an American officer.  Col. Lewis, and made in Belgium almost up to the moment when the German scouts entered the city of its manufacture, " the invention - narrowly  escaped  capture by the Germans.  Its killing power may be gauged  from the fact that in one trench recently one of these guns, manned by  a crew of two men, accounted for 330  Germans in half an hour.  Shoddy Finery Unpopular  According to a London newspaper,  women, who never made money before in England, are now doing so. A  large proportion are spending their  gains on health and fat-producing  foods. An observer of the changed  produced thereby affirms that the English girls are looking plump and well  fed���������resembling the French and American girls. One seldom meets with  a' thin or anemic young woman now.  Shoddy finery is also disappearing.  Aids to beauty are sought after to  such an 'extent that drug stores give  them extra display in their windows  ,.��������� "V.i' I  ��������� -- t-.'l  '   -''*?-i'|  -e- / "  '  Stiff, Enlarged Joints Limber Up!,      )\  Every Trace of Rheumatism Goes!/  WHY DODD'S KIDNEY PILLS ARE  SO   POPULAR  LITTLE  THINGS COUNT  Even in a match  you  should J  consider the "Little Things,"  the wood���������the composition���������  the   strikeability���������the   flame.  The exports of wine from Argentina  last year were four times those of tire  preceding year, increasing from 5-1,550  gallons in 1914 to 227,821 gallons in  1015. according to an official report  published. The greater part of the  Argentina wine was sent to the neighboring countries, .but shipments were  also made'to France and England.    -  are made of strong dry pine  '[stems, with a secret, perfected  f com position that guarantees  l"Every I\iatch A Light^   65  years of knowing how���������that's  the reason!  ��������� All Eddy products  are dependable products���������Always.  Asthma Can be Cured. Its suffering  is as needless as it, i.s terrible to endure. After its many years of relief  of the most stubborn cures iro sufferer  can doubt tho perfect effectiveness of  Dr. J. 1). Kellogg's Asthma Remedy.  Comfort of body and pence of mind return with its uso aud nights of sound  sleep come back for good. Ask- your  druggist; he can supply you.  Tourist���������What very changeable weather you get, down here!  Old Fisherman���������Changeable do ye  call it, sir? If it, 'ad been changeable  we'd have changed it long ago !  ihey Are Invaluable As a Tonic and  Family Medicine As Well 'As a Preventive and Cure for* the More Serious  Kidney   Diseases.  Chelmsford, Ont. (Special:)���������"Wc  have found Dodd's Kidney Pills ex-  tremelv good." We arc in good health  thanks* to Dodd's Kidney Pills."  These are the words of Miss Delia  Charron, a well known resident h'ero.  Others tell the same story. They have  tried Dodd's Kidney Pills and found  them good.  For Dodd's Kidney Pills as a tonic  and family medicine are .without an  equal. When you feel worn, tired arrd  run down the chances are tcriAo one  that your kidneys arc at fault.  When the" kidneys become clogged  or out of order, the circulation becomes sluggish, the impurities arc not  strained out of the blood and the result is weariness and lack of energy  all over the body.  This condition is not only disagreeable but dangerous as well. The impurities in the blood are the seeds of  disease. If they are not removed  Rheumatism, Lumbago, Gravel, Dropsy, Diabetes, or Bright's Disease may  result.  Guard against these diseases and  get back your accustomed energy by  using Dodd's  Kidnov   Pills.   .  Minard's Liniment Co.. Ltd.  Gents,���������I" have used your Miiiard's  Liniment  in  my  family  and   also  in  my stables for years and  consider it  the best medicine obtainable.  Yours truly,  ALFRED ROOHAV,  Proprietor Roxlon Pond   Hotel    and  Livery Stables.  Even Chronic Bedridden Cases  Are Quickly Cured  Rub on   Magic   "Nerviline"  Nothing on eailh can beat old  "JN'en-iline" when it comes to cuiing  rheumatism  The blessed relief you get from  Nerviline comes mighty quick, and  you don't have to wait a month for  some   sign   of   improvement.  You see Nerviline  is a direct application, it is rubbed  right into the sore  joint, thoroughly  rubbed over the  twitching - muscle  that perhaps for years lias kept you  on the jump In this way you get to  the real source of the trouble. After  you have used Nerviline just once  you'll say rt's amazing, a marvel) a  perfect wonder of efficacv.  J list think of it. five times stiongcr���������  and more peiictiatuig than any other,,  known liniment. Soothing, healing,*'  full of pain-destroying powei, and yet?  rt will nevet bum, blister oi destroy!1  the lender skin ot even a child. " '  You've never .yet tnod anything half"  so  good  as Nerviline  for  any  soit of-  pain.      It docs cine lheitmatism, but  that's, not all.   J"itofc test it out ror lame ,  back or lumbago. Gee, what a fine cure,  it is for a bad cold, for chest tightness  even ior neuralgia headache it rs simply the finest ever.  Foi the home, ior the bundled .and.  one httk' ailments that constantly,  aiise," whether ear-]  ache, toothache, stiff'  neck, or souie other?  ? muscular pain���������Ner-";  vilinc "will' always'  make < you glad,  you've iiocd it, and because it will euro-  you, keep handy'on the shelf a '50c.*"  family size bottle; it keeps the doctor's  bill small; liial size,'25c.; all-dealers-  or the Catairho/.one Co., r Kingston,  Canada. * ' ' ,    i*  ���������ft. I  Unconquerable Belgium  Belgium has for the time being lost  her freedom, but- sire, retains her unconquerable soul and the day of her  deliverance from bondage to the oppressor is drawing nearer. We ' will  never sheathe the sword until Belgium is restored to her full national  rights, and until generous reparation  is made to her for all that she has  suffered. There arc other aims in this  war precipitated by Germany's unholy ambition;' but the restoration of  Belgium's national independence is  the foremost aim; and .whatever the  cost the "Allies will coiiiiiiuo the war  until that aim is fully realized.���������London Chronicle.  Union of the Empire  The very uncertainty of the future  makes it necessary to be prepared beforehand lor every possiblo contingency, and there., me certain things  which do not depend on the termination of the war-, but must be taken  in hand at once. First and foremost  is the clos3i union of the Empire. If  thero is one lesult v-hich wo are all  equally determined shall flow irorn  tho war, it is this. The Mother Country and tho Dominions aie equally resolved on rt; our Allies would re]oic������  at it, and the enemy would be correspondingly disturbed. It will go  ill with the Government if thoy fail  to take occasion boldly by the hand  and icalize this aspiration.���������London  Times.  "Wait a moment, lady, until the car-  stops." "Will you please rrot address  mo as lady, sir?" she said" sharply  "I beg your pardon, madam," said tire  conductor. "The host of us are apt to  make mistakes."���������Buffalo Courier.  A form of rubber stamp has been  invented for marking initials of owners of golf balls.  -Poor Pussl  A ;Diing'an.'ion soldier, writing home  i.frorn one of tiie fronts, says: "While  taking ?t ramble the other day I hap-  Ipened.'on a  little wooden  cross bear-  iang the  inscription:   "This mascot of  ixhe lOlh Royal Iiiniskillitig Fusiliers���������  jCarson's Orange cat���������killed  in action  Ctlr   March,  ]!.)IG.'    I   made  inquiries,  ���������and. found   that   a   cat   was   actually  uricd there.    It was a lovely big ani-  _ al, and the pet of the regiment. He  jfiad been gunning himself and a lump  b'f shrapnel came over and cut him in  '"o."    ������������������������������������ .  I*8|*      . ;   INv'l'''  kgiyviinard's  Friend.  llpjlicre is  Liniment     Lumberman's  I'fttipe  jBfr.  ti decided economic differ-  .it'tivcen the news that the Ger-  m  i^pplc. to slay crows  and   stories    for  ;3csQ"ae"cl for the Red Cross.  : ^^i _   Granulated "EyeHdsg  Lyes inflamed by exposure  to Cold Winds nnd. Dust  ��������� quickly relieved by Murine  -.   .HSyo Remedy.   No Smart-  j|Eye Comfort.   At Your Druggists'  .We. MurinoEyeSalveinTubes25c  ^fjpk of the Eye Ftee write  bf������ Remedy Company. Chicago  m  Report on Waterworks  Valuable   Edition   Recently   Issued  by  tho Commission of Conservation  A new edition of "Waterworks and  Sewerage Sv stems of Canada," by Leo  G. Denis, has just been issued by the  Commission of Conservation. In the  present report the varrous physical  and financial data respecting water-,  vvorks have been brought up to date  arid a new section on sewerage systems'has been added. The book is* a  royal octavo volume, handsomely  bound in cloth, contains 17G pages of  text and is well illustrated with 25  half-tones and 5 diagrams.  In tli/! year of Confederation there  were only 7 waterworks plants in Canada; today there are 528.. These have  been built at a total cost of .fil'2.*3,725,-  633 and entail an annual maintenance  charge of ?'4,ir58,539. The total daily  consumption' is -426,877,000 imperial  gallons, which gives an average daily  consumption per capita of 111 gallons,  ranging from '50 gallons in Manitoba  to 143 in New Brunswick.  There are 20G plants supplied from  springs or-wells and 322 from lakes or  streams. In 72 plants .the water is  filtered and iu 21 plants it is Treated  willi hypochlorite. The municipality  owned plants number 3f'li. As'to rates,  where specified, it it- shown that flat  rates are used in 209 cases, meters in  aO, and both flat and meter'in 141.  There are 279 sewerage systems in  Canada, having an aggregate mileage  of 4,223 .and which have been built at  a total cost of .?74,r>04,41S. In only 75"  municipalities is the 'se.wagc treated.  Proportionally to population, .the  West, with 28 treatment plants, makes,  a much better showing than the Fast,  with 47. The total cost of tiro treatment plants is .$3,218,935.  Miller's Worm Powders are a pleasant medicine for vvorm-itifcsted children, and they will fake it, without  objection. When directions are followed if, will not injure the most delicate child, as there is nothing of an  injurious nature in its composition.  Thoy will speedily rid a child of worms  and res I ore. the health of the little  sufleivis whose, vitality has become  impaired by the attacks of these internal posts.  V. C. For tnglish Curate  " Great Britain has been delighted to  r.ead that the Victoria Cross had been  conferred upon a temporary chaplain  of the Forces, a London curate .from  the Thames-side parish of St. Peter's,  Deptford.  Three days running, during heavy  lighting, he went repeatedly, backwards and torwards. under continuous and heavy shell and machine-gun  fire, between our original trenches and  those captured "from the enemy, in  order to tend and rescue wounded  men." In the first two days he-brought,  in twenty-two who hod been badly  vvoundjd, and three were actually  killed while lie was dressing their  wounds; then next day he took charge  of a party of volunteers and once more  went out to bring in those who remained.  ''This splendid work," says-the. official notification, "was quite voluntary  on his part, and outside the scope of  his' ordinary  duties*."  Complete "in itself, Mother .Graves'  Worm Exterminator does not require  the assistance of any other medicine  to make it effective. It does not fail  to do its work.  Vodka Ban Big. Boon to  Russians  Another crushing blow to drink has  been delivered by Russian military  doctors, who. reporting to the Paris  Academy of .Medicine on the condition  of tho Czar's legions since the abolition of the consumption of alcohol,  says: ���������  "Since he has been deprived of alcohol poison the hardy Russian peasant is able to withstand the war's  worst privations and sufferings; he  has been vaccinated against typhoid,  Cholera and smallpox without the  slightest, ill effects to his health.  "The whole of tho Russian army  has thereby gained enormously. It  would have* been impossible to' obtain  this magnificent result, but for the  stamping out of the vodka evil."  Minard's  ians.  Liniment  used  by   Physic-  - "Now," my little girl, tell mc," said  a. Sunday '. school superintendent,  "which vott would rather be���������beautiful  or good?" "I think," tho. littlo girl  answered thoughtfully, "that, I'd rather be beautiful���������and repent."  France is a long why from a stale  of famine, if ono may reckon with  the gold that lies in the Bank of  France when last reported upon in  March. It then amounted to the sum  of $782,930,050.  ���������"is  h  N.     U.      MOO  Bayloy��������� Is    your    house     insured  against fire?  j    Glinn���������I don't know:   I've just been  I -feacUng over the insurance policy.  Mistress (to new cook)���������What arc all  those tools for?  New Cook���������This-is me scraper lor  scrnpin' off the toast, I usually burn  irr tiie mornings., This is me cement  for incndin* all the dishes I crack, an'  this is to cle.an out the gas-stove  ' burners after all the stews boil over.  A young and ambitious preacher  who was staying at a fnend's house  retried to hrs room for an hour or so  each day to practice pulpit oratory.  Although he did not know if. at times  his impassioned tones could be heard  throughout the house. A Bishop happened lo call one day when the budding orator was holding forth "Gracious men'" exclaimed the Bishop.  "Pray, what might that be5" "Sit  down. Bishop!" his fiic-nd replied.  "That's only a young man practising  what he preaches'"  Fiiii Mar lied Man���������What arc you  cutting out of the paper?  Sucono. Mauiod Man��������� Arr item about  a '''iiiforma man's securing a divorce  iiecausi- his wife went through his  pockets.  First Married Man���������What arc you  going to do with it9  Second Married Man���������Put it in my  pocket.���������Yale Record.  Russia's   Gigantic' 'Aeroplane  The Russian's Ila-Mourometz,, their,  brand nevv aeroplane, will play .enormous havoc upon the enemy, for eveiy  movement of the huge flier,has demonstrated its superiority to the -dirigible."  It  is  easier managed,-does"not   require more than two men to navigate,  and yet carries v\ith it the inost infernal cargo of war missiles.- One of  these paid a flying visit to Daottdzeras,  southeast of Frederichstadt, and#dropped thirteen bombs; each weighing 40-  Ibs., upon the lailway station.  In addition the observer sent seven  others filled with splinters down upon tho German entrenchments, starting fires and greatly ,disorganizing  the enemy. It is believed that aero-;  planes'Of this type are being manufactured for service with the British -  Army. '    *  A  New   Yorker    tells    of a married,  couple he observed "at a county fair'  m   Ohio.    They found themselves  in-  rhe centre of-quite a crowd near ono  of the amusement booths and the husband addressed "Ins wife in this wise:  "I say, dearie,,, I think you'd better  give me the lunch basket. Don't you  see, we are apt to lose each"other in  this crowd."���������Harper's.        "-<  Deaths From Cancer  On the basis of the last statistics,  there are 78,000 deaths due to cancer  annually in the 'United States The  mortality rate has steadily increased  from 6'}'per 100,000 population in 1900  to 73.9 in 1913.  The wounded Hero���������Yes. I had so  many bullet holes bored through me  that the bovs behind me complained  of tho draft'  FOR every part of every machine there is one oil which will lubricate most efficiently and economically that particular bearing  surface. Finding the right oil means saving money and lengthening  the life of the machine.  The Imperial Oil Company makes a special oil exactly suited  to every part.    Here are some of them:������������������  STANDARD GAS ENGINE OIL  Recommended by-leading* builders for all types of internal combustion engines,  ���������whether tractor or stationary, gasoline or kerosene. It keeps its body at  high temperature, is practically free from carbon, and is absolutely uniform in quality.  PRAIRIE HARVESTER OIL  Ah excellent all-round lubricant for exposed bearings of harvesters and other  farm machinery.    Stays on the bearings; will not gum or corrode.  CAPITOL CYLINDER OIL  The most effective and economical lubricant for steam engine cylinders;  proven superior in practical competition with other cylinder oils.  ELDORADO CASTOR OIL  A high-grade, thick-bodied oil for lubricating the loose bearings of farm  machinery, sawmills and factory shafting.  THRESHER HARD OIL  Keeps the cool bearing cool. Does not depend on heat or friction to cause  it to lubricate.  STEEL BARRELS���������All our oils can be obtained in 28-gallon and 45 gallon  steel barrels. These barrels save their cost by eliminating leakage.    You use every drop you pay for.- Clean and convenient.  lubricating  problem  gives- you trouble, let us  Tell us the machine, the make, the part���������"  1  gladly  give   you  the  benefit   of our experience in selecting the proper lubricants.  . ������������������, ������ "'���������  nM^-RUX  wJr. ^Lij^Jti^.^ &���������  -CW.  JS4&S.  ,^yi^jS&iS '���������-- r--J"���������m-������*'t-,-fH.-hm������-*<.������������W^iT-i  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  Coleman & 60.  ������  itorfiaiMwa  ������9  "The Big Store"  General  Merchants  KEREMEOS, B. C.  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of all  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing lana, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremeos, B.C.  Sbe Ibedley <Baz���������fte  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year S2.00  "- (United States)  2.50  Advertising Rates  Measuromont. 12 lines to tho inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, $1.25 for one insertion, 25 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over ono inch,  12 cents por line for first insertion and 8  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  $1.25; over 1 inch and up to i inches, $1.00  per inch pcrmonth. To constant advertisers  taking larger space, than four inches, on  application, rates will be given of reduced  charges, based on size of space and length  of time.  Certificate of Improvements $10.00  ("Where more than one claim appears  ��������� in notice, $2.50 for each additional  . claim.)  Jas. W. Gbieb, Publisher.  Hedley, B. 0.. June 29, 191G.  " He who does me once, shame on him;  He who doesme twice, shame on me."  PATRIOTIC FUND.  Monthly   Report   of   the  Hedley  Committee.  The Hedley Patriotic Funds  committee submit the following report covering the collections made for the month of  May, 1917. It is the intention  of the committee to publish the  list of subscriptions each month,  together with the auditors'.certificate relative to the correctness of the report. If your  name does not appear on the  list, no payment was made during the period; and it is hoped  that those who have overlooked  their payments will hand same  to the secretary-treasurer as  soon as possible. In some cases  the amounts appearing coyer  back payments. In a few cases  subscribers have paid in advance, and in previous months,  and these amounts have been  previously acknowledged.  Collections made as per list  month of May,. $888.85; of this  amount $140.90 was subscribed  for the Hedley Enlisted Men's  Fund, and the balance, $747.95,  to the Canadian Patriotic Fund.  Up "to |and including May,  1916, the following amounts  have been collected and remitted to the Canadian Patriotic  fund:  October, 1914 $1001.75  January, 1916      597.00  February, 1916     772.00  March, 1916     752.75  April, 1916      747.50  May, 1916      747.95  A. Clare  5.50  S. L. Smith  6.00  G. E. French :  3.50  John Smith  4.50  P. Murray  0.00  (y. M. Gilbert  5.00  P. G. Wright  3.75  O. A. Brown  4.00  V. Zackerson  4.00  H, E. Hanson  4.00  W. Mathew  4.00  R. S. Collin  5.00  J. XX. Wirth  4.50  W. W. Corrigan  4.50  L. C. Rolls  3.75  R. Boyd  3.75  P. Millett  3.75  M. C. Hill  3.75  H. P. Jones  5.00  T. C. Porteous  4.50  G. W. Wirtanen  4,50  S. C. Knowles .'  4.00  E. H. Simpson    4.00  T. Henderson  4.00  H. T. Rainbow  3.50  G. Knowles  5.00  G. Stevens  4.75  T. R. Willey  4.00  J. G. Webster  5,00  R. Clare  4.00  J. Hardman  '4.00  T. E. Burrus  4.00  M. McLeod  4.50  Geo. Walker  3.75  R. L. Jones  4.00  A. P. Loonier  3.75  A. J. King  4.00  A. Beam  4.00  O. A. Thompson  3.50  P. Bentley  3.50  Ed. Hossack  3.50  A. W. Harper  3.50  J. Gaare  3.50  J. Jamieson  3.50  W.  Knowles  5.00  W. W. McDougall  3.50  J. Donnelly   ' 3.^5  T. L. Terry  3.50  Leo Brown  3.50  G. E. McClure  3.50  D. Curry  3.50  W. Robertson  3.75  Jos. Whyte  3.50  P. Dectirio  3.50  A. Sand berg  3.00  D. Henderson  3.50  R. Anderson  4.00  G. R. Allen  4.50  T. Bysouth  4.25  L. Basso  3.75  T. Baird  2.00  W. Burrows  4.25  J. R. Brown  4.25  J. Bloomberg (  3.75  (i. McEachren  10.00  Miss Roche  2.00  J. D. Brass  5.00  R. J. Edtnond  3.00  '���������'. H. French  5.00  \V. A. McLean  5.00  "is. Stewart.-.     2.00  ..iiss L. Beale  1.00  Miss K. O. Halliday      2.00  Miss Ida Tompkins  3.50  John Mairhofer  5.00  MissE. Clare  ,  2.00  James Clarke  2.50  James Critchley  1.00  Miss M. Beale  2.00  The Daly Reduction Co  200.00  R. J. Corrigan '  4.00  L. Oty  1.00  E. Berg   J. Coulthard   J. Casey   W. Constantine.  J. Dragoes   Joe DeGroe   P. Edlund ���������'.".  O. Pranzen   J. Grieve........  J. Galitzky .  M. Gillis... ".  H. Grenqnisb....  4.25  4.25  4.25  4.00  4.25  3.75  2.00'  3.75  4.25  3.75  4.25  4.25         $340.00  Frank W. Evans, of Vancouver, representing the Imperial  Oil Co., Avas in town yesterday.  He denies authorship of that  charming brochure, sent to  newspapers by John D. Rockefeller, jr., and entitled " The  Colorado Industrial Plan," or  how to elevate the working  'classes, male and female, old  and young, with Pinkertons,  National Guards, etc., attached  to machine guns, automatics  repeaters and sawed-oflcs.  Yes, advertising is a poor investment so long as you im-  agine.you are helping the newspaper. Just as soon as you advertise to increase your business  advertising will pay���������that is,  give the same thought to your  newspaper advertising that you  do to the selection and display  of your goods. We would rather  run a paper without ads than  one full of --dry-rot" advertising.  The plant of The Hedley Gazette  cost too much money to be an  object of charity in any town  in the interior of E. C.  and Bowel Trouble  fletlleuDruflS Book Store |  He>cUe>y, B. C  lamaunaiil I  8j,-i3,a5BB53gi'g^8i'sgas,sasfiB^^  4  4  R. Hambly        4.25  J. A. Holland   J. Hancock.   W. Hambly...........  J. Hossack   P. Johnson   S-. Johns...............  P. R. Johnson   C. G. Johnson   L. Johns .-   O. Lindgrerr...........  L. S. Morrison   H, H. Messinger.......  W. Mitchell.....   G. Malm    J. Martin....   F. McCairlay...   A. Nicholson    K. O. Peterson   G. Prideanx   T. Peterson   R. Porritt   Fred Pearce   D. Rankin   A. Rawnsley   B. Rescori :..,  Geo. Ransom   W. Ray   C. Rause.,.   J. Roden   J. Snell   Ole Screenes   K. Steffanson   W. J. Stewart   S, Swanson   Swan Sweedling   5.00  4.25  5.00  3.75  4.'25  5.00  ���������3.75  4.25  4.25  3.75  5.75  4.00  3.75  3.75  4.25  3.00  4.25  5.00  10.00  2.75  4.25  1.85  4.25  4.25  4.25  4.25  4.00  2.50  2.75  J.25  5.00  2.JJ5  5.75  4.25  3.50  Tuesday a Princeton Chink  departed for the realms of the  blest by the hemp route. It is  supposed he became despondent  over not being able to compete  in the labor market with'the  bohunk. It costs a Chink" from  8 to 15 cents a day for food;, a  hunk can live on a pound of  flour mixed  with  water  aAd a  -. ���������     - .        f     : lO  half ounce of cheese grated in-'  tp it; or abou 4 cents daily. The  Chink occasionally has pork or  chicken, which is an additional  cost. The hunk throws ^into  the pot a gopher, ay chipmunk,  a squirrel, a porky, a beef hoof;  a ci-oav, a hawk, an owl, or anything dead or living that he  can pick up, steal, snare, trap,  net or shoot. There are sad  days coming for the Chink in  B. C. A few of them will-con-  tinue in the laundry business  until the hunk has learned to  spit^and iron at the same time.  hope that our readurs will' nol,   fail to  remember these brave fellows who are  fighting   our   battles   for   us.    Write  thenr a letter occasionally   to let them  know  yon   are   keeping "The   Home  Fires     Burning.'    Addresses     gladly  furnished on request.  Pte. Sid Edwards (Killed  in Action)  L. C, Blair Mills (Killed  in Action)  Pte. W. Fullmer     '  "   J. Stapleton I  "   J. Frame  "   Tom Corrigan  "   Ebcnzer Vans, (Died in Hospital)  "   Roy Coirigan  "   N. B. ,EwarL  "   Bobby Robertson  "   Jack Howe  "   Dan Devu ne  "   Dan Dollemore  "   J. T. N. Hi-ppcr  "   Arthur Coles  "   Bert Schubert  Corp.    Frank Dolleniore  "   M. J. Meher, (Yorlcie)  L.-Corp. T. C. Knowles  Pte. Rod McDougall  "   R. James  "   M. II. L.'Jaconrbs  "   E. J. Rothorham  "   Arthur Freeman  "   C. Christiana  "   J. Corrig.-iri  Gunner Chas. Saunders  Pte. A. P. Martin  Sergeant A. W. Jack  Pte. T. Calvert  "   W. Liddicott  "   George Boxall  "   W. Tucker  "   Fred Beck  2nd Lieut. A. E. Deninan  Pie. J. McClintock  "   A. B. S. Stanley     "  "   Homer McLean.  Pioneer Nick Pickard.  Half-Gallons  -  1 Gallon    -    -  2 Gallons    -   -  3 Gallons   -    -  5 Gallons   -    -  ��������� 50c.  65c.  $1.15  $1.50  $2.25  ���������-������������������-" ��������� ~���������-������������������������������������������������������������������������f���������  Dates of Ml Fairs  of agriculture  has  fall-fair-dates  for  The'department  issued the.folloyvirv  season 1910:  CIKCUIT 3      -  Chilliwack..........   ......Sept.   13-15  Aldergrove..   .Sept. 15  Matsqui   .Sept  1(5  Langley  Sept 19  Richmond..   ...   .. .Sept 19  84,618.95  C. P. Dalton, Sec.-Treas.  We hereby certify that   we  have examined  the books and  accounts of the Hedley Patriotic  Funds committee and find the  above statement - to be correct.  Hedley, B. C��������� June 26,1916.  H.D.Barnes   Va   j-*.  \ F. M. Gillespie/Aucilfcors-  "PA*yitOr,L, DEDUCTIONS, MATT, 1916.  W. Sampson  $ 6.50  M. L. Gezon      5.00  Friend';.       8.00  B. XV. Knowles       5.50 j  C. A. Selquist       3.75  Bob Stillim   Casper Steen   W. W. Savage   Fk. Serafin ".   J. Thomas   A. T-iddis   A. W. Vance   J. Williamson   F. Williams     4.25    3.75    3.00  ....  4.00    4.25    1.00    4.75    3.75    4.00  D. Werry  2.00  Fk. Wyberg  3,75  HEDLEY���������TOWN LIST.  W. J. Cormack $' 3.50  This space was filled by  J. Peck McS. yesterday  without overheating.  All the Prohibitionists  need do in this province  is sit down and let the  booze foundries work  overtime for the cause.  Richmond    .  Birrqnitlam.   CIRCUIT 4  Biirriere .....���������."....  Hefley Creek   Pritchard    .........  Kamloops.   Salmon A.rrrr.   Kelowna  ....  Arm strong '.'..-  Eagle River (Malakwa)..  CIItCUIT 5  Gateway .-'.   Crarrbrook .....   Windermere   Golden   -Fruitvale.   Trail       Nelson      Boswell    Grand Forks.   Greenwood.   ......Sept 20   Sept 21  .......Sepb 13  ...  Sept 14 15  .... .S.cpt   19  ....Sept 20-22  ....Sept 22-23  ....Sep I, 26-20  .... .Sept 28-2   .Oet 3  ...:!*. ..Sept 5  .... .Sept 0-7  ....Sept 12-13    Sept 15  ......Sept 18  ....Sept 19-20    20 22   Sept 22  ....Sept 25-2G  ......Sept 27  HEDLEY GAZETTE  JOB DEPARTMENT  WHEN YOU ARE IN NEED OF  Letterheads  Billheads  Envelopes  Statements  Meal Tickets  Milk Tickets     ,  Ball Programs  Posters  Dodgers, Dates .  Circulars r  Invitations  Business Cards  Bills of Fare  Memo Heads  Butter Wrappers  Visiting Cards    -  TRY US == WE GIVE SATISFACTION  ROQ PER SETTING  Single Comb Rhode Island  Reds (selected stock)  '       D. HENDERSON  WATER NOTICE.  CIRCUIT 6  Revelstoke  .Sept 21 22  Robnon     Sept 25  Slocan City  .Sept 20  New Denver. Sept 27-28  Burton Sept 30  Needles '.   Oct 3-4  Arrow Lake (Na'-usp)    Oct 4 5  Creston    Oct 7  CIRCUIT 7  Nicola    Oct 0  Penticton   ...Oct 9-10  SiitiimeiLurd   ..Oct 11-12  Kalamalka (Oyania)    Oct 14  SO   YEARS  EXPERIENCE  J. K, Fraser   G. P. Jones   John Beale   G. A. Riddle   H. D. Barnes   O. P. Dalton..   A. T. Hoiswell....  F, M. Gillespie....  A. Winkler.......  J. Jackson   T.'H. Rotherham.  E. D. Boeing   W, T. Butler   Wm. Lonsdale     10.001 o. Barnirm   O. E. Prior      5.001 Miss McKinnon  5.00  20.00  3.00  3.00  5.00  4.50  3.00  10.00  5.00  5.00  5.00  15.00  3.00  1.00  2.00  PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH  Services   every   alternate  Sunday   at  7.30 p.rn)  Hedley Methodist Church  FRANK STANTON, B. A.  Minister   ,  Services will be held the First and  Third Sundays of the month  at 8.00 p. in.  Trade Mark?  DrsiGNS  Copyrights &c  Anyono sending ii nltetch and description may  Illicitly ascertain our opinion free whether an  invention is p-obnb!y pmont.nble. Communlca.  tlonsstrictlycontldontlul. HANDBOOK on Patents  sent free. Oldest niresicy for securing patents.  Patents taken tnrouah Muira & Co. receive  epecial notice, without chr.rgo, in tha  "  ���������        ^i~i^... . ..*.  Take notice  that W. J. Armstrong,  D.   J.   Mclnt.yre, "A.  Thompson,  and  Hugh  McCortuack,   whose address is  Penticton,   B.  C,   will   apply   for   a  licence to take and   use one hundred  horse   power of  water  out of Susap  creek, which flows easterly and drains  into Lhe Similkameen river about half  a   mile  north  of  R.   J.   Armstrong's  vanuli.    The   water   will   be  diverted  from the stream ata  point about one  and   a  half miles  fi-niil  where Susap  creek  enters   the   Siirnlkiinieen,   and  will  be   used  for   power  and  milling  purposes upon the; mine  property described as  the. Joe  Dandy and Great  Falls group.    This  notice was posted  on   the  ground on   the eighth day of  June, 1910.    A copy of this notice and  an application   pursuant  thereto  and  to the " Water-Act, 1914," will be. filed  in the office of the  Water Recorder at  Princeton,   B,  0.    Objections   to  the  application may be "filed wjth tire said  Water  Recorder or  with the Oorrip.-  Lt'oller  of   Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings,    Victoiia,    B.   C,   within  thirty days after the first appearance  of this notice in a local newspaper.  The date of the first  publication of  this notice is June loth, J.910,  W.   J.   ARMSTltONCr,*-  D. J, MclNTYBE,       I.Am.lie-mtK  A. Ti-ioarpBON, .-Applicants  Humr McCokmackJ  By D. J, Mel'trtyre, Agent,  "The Nickel  'aiDer  Plate  SflTISFflGTORY, SflMTnRV  TONSQRIflL SERVICE  This shop it equipped with  Baths and all the latest  Electrical  Appliances.. .-.;-���������'  W, T, BUTLER, ���������'-��������� Prop,  SSSH  3ESSSEKESS  PAINTING  PflPER:flflNGING  TOSOMININO  TERMS MODERflTB  DALY AVE.  HEDLEY, B.C.  ViTiM-MtWKiytl-VSSS  <?>?  NOTICE  Medley's Contingent  Following is the list of the men who  have gone to the front from Hedley.  The   Gazette  publishes   them in  the  A handsomely illnsfrnf.srl weekly. I,nr*ost clr-  dilation of any anisntltlc journal. Terms, &') a  7e������r; four months, $L Sold by all newsdealers.  ���������".T.-i.G.jb '''ii'. ���������-. :��������������� '' f:'t... W������������].|������.���������.nn  IX >'",  Bow Kee Laundry  Only First Class Work  Laundry Delivered Anywhere  MINKUA.rVACT  Gertificate ol Improvements  Midnight Fractional Mineral Claim, situate  in the Osoyoos MinliifrDivision of .Siiiiilkaniccn  District.  Whom located:���������Camp TIc'lloj'.  TAKE NOTICK tliat 1, William Wim-fli.  Krco Miners Certiflcato Xo. 751S&1". intend,  sixty (lays from (Into hereof, to 'apply to tho  Mining E.ccordor for a Certifloato of Improvements, for tho piwjjo.sp of obtaining a Crown  CJranb of tho above claim,  And further  tnko notice that  action, under  section 85, must be commenced boforo tho isnu- I  anco of such Certificate of Improvement,  Dated this 11th day of April, A.D. 1018. I  as  Synopsis of.Coal Mining- Regulations  rjOAL mining rights of tho Dominion, ir  Y Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Territory, tho North-west Territories and in a portion of tho Province of British Columbia, may "bo leased for a term" of  twonty-ohb years at an annual rental'of $1 an  acre. Not more'tlja������ 2,q('0 acres wi be leased  to one applicant.  .'  Application for a lease musfc be mado by the  applicant in person to the Agenbor Sub-Agent  of fhc districtin which tho rights applied for  are situated. r���������������������������������������������*���������  In surveyed territory the land must bo described by sections, or  legal   sub-divisions of  sections, and in unsurvcyod territory tho tract  applied for shall be staked out ���������    tlic applicant'  himself.  must be accompanied by  pfunded if tho rights  Kach application  fee of ������5 which will be roiunacn ii t-no rlgL  applied for aro not available, but not otlior  wise. A royalty shall be paid on the merchaMt  aulo output of tho mine at tho rate of five cents  per ton.  The person operating tho mine shall furnish  tncAgent with sworn returns accounting for  the full quantity of merchantable minod  and pay t'10 loyalty thereon.   I coal min  ing rights aro not being operated sti     returns  should be furnished at least once a year.  Tho lease will includo tho coal mining rights  only, but the lesscomaybo porrnittoato pur.'  clmso whatever available .surface rights mir  bo considered necossnry for the working oft'i'o  mine at tlip rate of 51t1.no an acre  For full inforrimtlqn application shou'd bo  mado to the Secretary of tho Donar'tirient of  a,0 Ii1-������rI7?-'-' Ptt'MV'i. or 0 iiny AppiitTpr Sub'-  Agent of Dominion Lands,       "    ���������*���������- ������������������ v   W, W. COBV,  Deputy Minister of tho Interior.  Ho*^'?''"V"^i1,thoFV!OC- PuWIcati        this advo  tlsomont will not bo paid for. 9 em  <  pmstpmwmm  assfflffissss^t: ���������  ;1


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