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The Hedley Gazette Mar 9, 1905

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Array SiWM  Hedley Gazette  HEDLEY, B. C,    MARCH 9th,  1905.  mmm sedan  in SIGHT  Great Battle Raging at Tie Pass With  75   Miles  of a Battle Front and  Nearly Million Men Engaged  RUSSIAN    LEFT   DRIVEN    IN  Advance Guards of Kuroki and Nogi Joined Hands  Completing Cordon Around Russian Army  Kouropatkin Tries, to Stem Tide by Brilliant  Dash  on Japanese Centre  :7A������:  Nogi's  Men  on  Verge of Exhaustion,   Being Two  Days in Trenches Without Food  Fifteen Hundred and Sixty Japanese Cannon Pouring Lead Into the Russians.  St. Petersburg, March 7.���������(2.57  p.in.)~Despatches'from Kouropatkin  announce that the greatest hattle of  modern times is raging in the vicinity  of Tie Pass, there being engaged 400,-  000 men on each side.  The Japanese had driven in the Russian left, and ICouropatkin endeavoring to stem the tide, made a brilliant  dash upon Oyama's centre which was  being stubbornly resisted.  War���������" .Office Appalled.  The War Office at St. Petersburg is  appalled at   the daring   character of  Oyama's strategy.  "Banzai! We're From Port Arthur"  The heroes of Port Arthur display  fanatic bravery in hurling themselves  upon the Russian defences.  Nogi's army is said to be almost exhausted, having made 13 attacks in  a single night, and have been in the  trenches for two days without food  or rest.  Crisis Almost Rexched.  It is believed that the fate of the  Russian army will be decided on  March 9th.  Later.  Despatches state that the scouts of  Kuroki and Nogi, have joined, thus  completing a cordon and, cutting off  Kouropatkin's retreat. ._.....,...  The battle front is 75 miles in extent,  and in Mukden, conversation cannot  be heard for the ceaseless roar of the  guns, the Japanese having 1660 cannon  pouring lead into the Russian lines.  Kouropatkin's Impossible Position  London, March 7.^British military  experts believe that Kouropatkin's is  an impossible position! and should  Oyama's plans not miscaiTy he must  be conceded the greatest general of  modern times.  /  ../ (The  ^ I"  AND SIMILKAMEEN ADVERTISER.  Vol. L  No. 8.  HEDLEY, B.C., THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 1905.  $2.00, in Advance.  Church Services.  In the Methodist Church, on Sunday Evening  of each week, at 7:30 p. m.  Strangers Cordially Invited.  REV. C. E. DOCKSTKADER.  H. A. Whillans, M. D.  Physician and Surgeon  Hedley, B. C.  PROVINCIAL  LEGISLATURE  GEO. E.   WINKLER,  ' Pehticton, B. C.  Estate and Mining Broker.  Real  Correspondence Solicited from Those Having  Property to Sell.    .  QflftRLES flf. SflflW,  Civil Engineer,  Dominion   and   Provincial  Land Surveyor.  Orders may be left at Gazette office.  The   Education   Bill   Comes  hi for Long and Acrimonious Debate.  fort is being put forth to solve the  difficulty in a way which will best  serve the general interests and early  during the week an announcement of  policy is expected'.  VICTORIA   LETTER.  RETRENCHMENT IS THE WATCHWORD  With the Administration and the Hitherto  Lavish Outlay on Education Must  Take Its Share of .the Paring���������Important Railway Caucus.  tiEDLEY,  B. G.  DEWDNEY & SPR1NGETT  . Metropolitan Block, VICTORIA  Real Estate*  All nine A  Financial Brokers  Special Attention given to Similkameen Valley  and Keremeos Properties.  Owners of ALLISON Townslte Properties.  B. H. ROGERS,  M.A., B.C.L.  SOLICITOR, CONVEYANCER,  NOTARY PUBLIC, ETC.  Vernon, B. 0  A. MEGRAW  Notary Publics  Conveyancer, Real Estate, Mines, In  surance, Crown Grants applied  for under Land Act and  Mineral . Act.  Agent for:  ' The Mutual Life Assurance Co. at Canada,  Loadon & Lancashire Fire Insurance Co.,  The Ocean Accident ���������& Guarantee C������.  Hedley,  B.C.  JflSGLflRK  - Watchmaker  HEOLBY.B.C.  Clocks and Watches for Sale.  H. fl. WRIGHX  Boot and Shoe Maker  HEULEY.B.C,  REPAIRING  NEATLY  DONE.  Stage and Mail  Orders Promptly  Attended To.  Nickel Plate  Barber Shop  FIRST CLASS IN EVERY  RESPECT. :: HOT AND  COLD BATHS. :: POR-  OELAIN TUBS.   fllex. F. McDonald  tiEDLEY, B.C.  ..Bread For Sale..  -A.T-  Schubert's  Store.  JAS. M. CODY, Hedley, B.C.  ��������� [Special to the Gazette.]  This week the attention of the House  has been largely taken up with the  debate on the new School Bill, which  was discussed on its second reading. In  introducing the second reading* Hon.  P. J. Fulton made a clear presentation  of   the   Government's   position.   He  contended that the standard of education in 'B. C. was as high as' anywhere  in the Dominion.   The object of the  Government was to maintain the present efficiency.     The finances of the  province however had also to be looked  to in conjunction with this.   Last year  about $415,000 was spent on education  independent of about $50,000 spent on  school ~ buildings..     This   year there  would be $515,000 required.   The revenue of the province would be reduced  by cutting off the income from the  Chinese .immigration act.   The total  revenue, it was estimated, would be  about $2,500,000.   He showed that the  cost of education in comparison with  ihat of public works and   the   total  revenue had been steadily increasing  until yast year one-sixth of the income  was spent on schools.  The demand for education would  continue to increase as the country developed. In no other province in the  Dominion did the Government pay as  high a percentage of the total cost of  education as in B. .C. It was now proposed to throw more of the cost of  maintaining the schools upon the people and thus relieve the Government.  This change would not effect the cities  very materially. The people of the  school district would have more of the  responsibility of keeping up the efficiency of the schools. ; ���������    ���������' ;::;:V  The Premier has also during the debate spoken to the school bill. He believed that the people of the district  having more to contribute to the  school will take a deeper interest in the  affairs of the school. The trustees will  feel the responsibility of their positions.  He showed that-rich rural districts  like the valley of the Fraser derived  much mors from the Government for  schools alone than was contributed by  direct taxation. These sections of the  country cotdd well afford to pay the  increased taxation necessary. He felt  satisfied the people of the province  would .as in the case of the assessment  act readily met the conditions when  all was understood.  The Opposition has put up a fight  against the bill. In a few instances,  particularly in the case of John Oliver  and Mr. W. B. Mclnnes, the principle  of the act has been attadked. In most  of instances the Opposition has contented itself with pointing out weaknesses in'the provisions, all of which  can be amended in committee.  Mr. W. B. Mclnnes, whose speech  was by far the ablest from the Opposition side, contended for the old system  of maintaining schools. He thought  the new act following the assessment  measure of last year would create discontent in the rural parts of the province and would deter settlement. He  contended that every child under our  democratic form of government was  entitled to a free education. The  Government should pay for the schools  and raise the $100,000 to be saved by  some other means. The bill will be  further debated next week.  While the School Act has been the  subject which has engrossed the attention of the members in the house,  the railway policy of the government  has been carefully considered in caucus  by the conservative members. With a  large list of important roads asking for  aid and the resources to be applied to  this object limited, the task of deciding  has not been an easy one.   Every ef-  For reasons best - known to themselves���������as they have taken neither the  house nor the country into their con-:  fidence���������the opposition is in a terrific  hurry to find out-what the government's railway, policy is'.' Acting apparently on the old principle that "the  bird what can sing and won't sing;  must" be <��������� made to - sing," - Mr.' J. -A.  Macdonald, leader of' the opposition,  proposes a somewhat amusing form-of.  coercion. ' When the,"question of supply comes^ up,, upon the motion that  the speaker do.rise and leave the chair  for the purpose" of "going into committee on the supply bill, the member  from Rbssland proposes to introduce a  motion'which, after repeating the exploded story that the' premier last session promised .to call the house to-  getherin the summer for a railway  session, will politely "regret the indecision of the government and its re-  peated failures to deal with an ui'gent  public question.".'  .  With* reference to this often-alleged  promise" of the premier's, it may be as  well  at  this  point ��������� to  refresh your  readersl memories  as .to   what  Mr..  McBride really did say on the occasion.  He stilted very distinctly that if any  practical, workable, and bona fide railway proposition���������no paper scheme of  charter-hunting    promoters,     but   a  business proposition of-business men  to business men���������were submitted to  his   government,   he   would  call the  house   together  during  the, coming  summer   to   consider    it. .  No  such  businesslike railway proposition was  submitted���������and some of the colleagues'  of the leader of - the opposition could  give him more than one good^ reason  why, if he doesn't already know" it  himself.   Therefore  the  session ,was  not called, and   the   unnecessary   expense   to the public of a good many  thousand dollars was avoided.   That  is the whole story, and, as Mr. Macdonald is perfectly acquainted with the  above facts,, his course in this matter  can  hardly -' be   regarded   as  either  public-spirited orstraightforward. .-,.,���������������������������  As to the opposition's   mysterious  impatience in this matter, it is all the  more inexplicablei in view of the very  satisfactory' statement  made  on the  subject by the premier during the debate on the address.   That the policy  then promised will,  when its details  are   submitted   to   the    public,   give  general satisfaction, there is no manner  of  doubt.   But there is also no  manner of doubt that a reckless era of  railroad support and encouragement,  with its consequent heavy additional  financial burdens,  is about  the  last  thing the government contemplates,  no matter what steps  the opposition  may take to try and force their hand.  In  the speech above referred to, the  premier made this poin t very clear���������  unpleasantly so for his opponents.  With regard to the Grand Trunk  Pacific, no proposition has up to the  present been made to the government  by the company.  That is considered not a little sur-  prising, especially in view of the fact  that    the    Victoria    Times���������Senator  Templeman's organ���������was good enough  recently to outline all the terms of the  bargain which the  government was  supposed���������always    on    the     Times'  authority���������to   have  already  entered  into with the company; a bargain in  which,  it is unnecessary to say, the  interests  of British  Columbia  wei-e  represented to have suffered seriously.  In fact���������still according to the Times���������  a trap had been laid for British Col-  umhia by  the   Grand Trunk Pacific  and the government had walked right  into it.   Now, it would appear, though  the trap may be set, the government  has  declined  to  enter.      True,  Mr.  Moi-se,   representing    the    company,  still  lingers  in the city; but he has  made no offer to the government.  It may be taken, therefore, as a fact  that the government contemplates  engaging in no negotiations in which  British Columbia does not figure as  the principal oi: the high contracting  parties, and in which her interests do  not receive paramount consideration.  It is quite on the cards, as things  stand  at  present,    that   no    Grand  Trunk Pacific legislation   may come  before the house this session.  There is, nevertheless, a strong- and  glowing feeling < on the coast that  some sort of a bargain should be entered into with this company!. It is  felt that, because the government at  Ottawa, in making the contract with  the company, committed the.grievous  blunder of altogether ignoring British  Columbia's interests in the direction  of enforcing simultaneous commencement of construction at both ends of  the railway, that is no reason why this  .'province should accept the situation as  final. And it is also felt���������and pretty  strongly expressed too���������that, although  the representatives of this province at  Ottawa showed themselves ighomihi-  ously incompetent to defend, or grossly  negligent' of, the rights and well-being  of British Columbia, no reason exists  why the home legislature should be  bound by such' discreditable action.'  Tho opinion, therefore, is rapidly  gaining ground that, if a satisfactory  basis of negotiation can be arrived at,  some'bargain should be entered into  between the government and ' the  Grand Trunk Pacific which would secure to the province the benefits of an  early commencement of construction  at this end.of the line.-. This bargain  would be, couched in very definite  terms, with-a hard and fast agreement  as to what British Columbia" was to receive, in return for such concessions  as her people might be disposed to view  with favor.  Among those voting in favor of Mr.  Hawthornthwaite's bill for the adoption of an eight-hour smelter law  was Mr. Shatford of Similkameen.  This gentleman is doing his constituency good service by the magnificent  fight he is putting up to secure better  railway facilities for "it;' though, as  most of this work is done in commit-,  tee, it is liable to be missed by the  public. It is satisfactory, however, to  note that Mr. Shatford's energy is not  likely to go unrewarded, "as the prospects for success in the matter of railway transportation are looking much  brighter.  ���������The Man in the Gallery.  THE REGULAR  Of the Hedley Board of Trade  Shows Sustained Interest.  .  Batch of Correspondence, and Sundry  Other Matters of Local and General  Interest. '   ,,  - The Hedley Board of. Trade met'-in  the Gazett* Hall on Monday evening  the.Gth insi.*   -    . '     -  Great Northern Plans.  Mr. J. H. Kennedy has returned  from St. Paul, where he has been oh  matters connected with construction  work. Thez*' have.-.-..been., px'oposed  changes in the route .from/'Midway  west, necessitating alterations to plans  previously submitted. It is apparent-  ly the intention, of the company to  avoid frequent crossing of the international boundary. The line formerly  run gave a one per cent grade. It is  now evident that the company will  keep on the Canadian side as long as  possible, and after crossing the line  will stay there till a. point ten miles below Oroville is reached. The new plan  will mean a one and a quarter per cent  grade. Mr. Whitcomb. the chief of  the survey party has long ago, finished  and submitted his surveys to the point  mentioned, beyond which nothing but  exploration work has been done.  From Sidley lake   to  Oroville the  grade will be two and a half per cent,  a big drop in a short distance having  to be overcome.   Mr. Kennedy, in reply to a question as  to the westward  movement.states positively that nothing has been decided.   The matter is  still under consideration.   The alteration in plans will anyway involve time  and it must necessarily be a good many  weeks before  building from Midway  could be touched as the plans after being received from St.  Paul  would require   finishing    up,   returning  and  then sending to the railway commission for approval.   As far as the line  from Midway to Greenwood goes, it  could apparently   be consti'ucted   at  once, as   the   plans   are    approved.  While Mr. Kennedy would not speak  positively as to this section, and stated that it was now being considered at  headquarters, it is quite on  the cards  that construction will be commenced  at a  very early date.���������Grand  Forks  News-Gazette.  E. E. Clarke, M. P. for Centre  Toronto���������Toronto's Ned���������died at his  residence in that city last week. His  death is a great loss to Toronto  and  Canada.  ���������   It is rumored that Senator Temple-  man will succeed Sifton as minister of  the interior.!  Vice-president J. D. Brass' occupied  the chair at the request of-tho, President, who was suffering-.from "a., oold  Correspondence was read'by the secretary from Mr. L. Headland, offering  two lots in his towusite addition for" a  hospital on condition that a hospital  so erected be not controlled by any religious denomination, but be open to  all regvrdless of color or creed; from  W. Letts, of Sidley, asking co-operation of the Board of Trade in s< curing  telephone connection with the Boundary, via Fairview, Osoyoos, Sidley,  Rock Creek and Midway; from representatives of the Bank of Montreal;  Bank of Commerce and Royal Bank of  Canada, in Vancouver, with reference  to opening up a branch in Hedley, and  from Mr. L. W. Shatford, M. P. P. .expressing his thanks for the coui-tesy  shown in electing him Honorary' President of the Board and assuring them  that he would be pleased to further  the interests of the Board in any way  that he could.  Mr. Fraser moved, seconded by Mr.  Worgan, that the communication of  Mr. Headland be received and filed,  and that the Board tender its thanks  to Mr. Headland-foii his ganoL'nus.offer.  Carried.  In reference to Mr. Letts' communication the secretary explained that  while the resolution passed by the  Board at its last meeting was practically a compliance with the request of  Mr. Letts, the alternative route by  Oro, mentioned in the resolution, was  not practicable as the line from Oro to  Midway had not been in operation for  several months.  Moved by Messrs. Tingley and Fraser  that the secretary write the Department of Public Works informing them  that the route by Oro is no-longer  practicable and that the Department  be urged to complete the route through  Sidley and Rock Creek to the Boundary.   Carried.  Moved by Messrs. Rolls and McDer-  mott that communications from the  Bank of Montreal and Bank of Commerce be placed on file.  Carried.  In z-eference to the communication  of the Royal Bank of Canada, it was  decided that the President and Secretary be a committee to interview the  manager of tho Daly Reduction Co.  and obtain what infoimation is possible to submit to the bank for its  guidance in the matter. Carried.  The communication of Mr. L. W.  Shatford, M.P.P., was placed on file.  The proposal of Mr. R. S. Collin for  member of the Board was favorably  considered and he was elected forthwith.  The vexatious delays in the customs  at Vernon came in for lengthy discussion, and while there was no divergence of views as to the existence of the  nuisance, the various proposals for  betterment admitted of difference of  opinion and the lateness of the ho\ir  made it advisable to lay the matter over.  Mr. McLean suggested that it might  be well for the Board of Trade to appoint a committee to interview the  president of the Similkameen Waterworks re the completion of water system for fire protection.  Moved by F. H. French, seconded by  Mr. Love, that the President appoint a  committee to see Mr. Rodgers in reference to   completion   of Waterworks  system, and that said committee be a .  standing committee to act from time  to time until the system is in a satiwj.^'  factory state.   Carried.   President^a'p.  pointed Messrs. McLean, Megraw and  French.  The meeting adjourned on motion of ���������  Messrs. McDonald and Fraser. The   Dominion   Bank  Proceedings of the Thirty-Fourth Annual General  Meeting of the Stockholders;  The   thirty-fourth   annual   general- meeting    of    the.   Dominion    Bank   was  held  at tho  Banking  House  of   the Institution,    Toronto, , on   Wednesday,   Jan.  25,   15)05. -  ���������   .    ..... .-������������������,.-.'-. + ���������������������������������������������:-��������� ...  ��������� -v.- ���������-.<���������  Among  those  present  were noticed:      Lieut.-Col.    Mason;    Liciit;-Col." Pel-  latt,  Messrs.   Wm.   luce.   Win.   Spry,  E.   B.   Osier,  M.P.;   W.  D.  Matthews,  Thos.  Walmsley,   W.   G.   Cassels,  David   Smith,    A.    It.,  Boswell.     P.    Lcadlay,    G.    H.  Reynolds,  A.  Foulds,  A.   A.  Jones,  H.   Gordon    MacKcnzie,   J.   Gordon   Jones, ,  W.   Crocker,   .T.   P.   Kavanagh,   J.   G.   Ramsay,   W.   (J.  Lee,   W.   C.   Crowther,   F.  J.   Phillips,-P.  D.   Brown,   H. ,B.   Hodgins,   W.   O.   Harvey,   R.   Mulholland,   S.  Samuel,  P.   D.  Benjamin,   J.   F.   Risley,   John    Stewart.    P.     J.   Harris,    Wm.  Do.vies,  A.   W.  Austin,   W.  R.   Brock,  13.   S.   Ball,   Wm.   Booth,   J.   Bruce    Mac-  donald,   R.   A.   Stapells,   Wm.   Mulock,   R.   T.   Gooderham,   Dr.   Andrew   Smith,  John   J.   Dixon,   Chas.   Cockshutt,   A.   13.  Webb,   T.   G.  Brough  and  others.  It  was   moved   by Mr.   W.   D.   Matthews,  scconde-J  by  Mr.   Wm.  Ince,   that  Mr.   13.  B.  Osier  do   take the  chair,   an d that Mr. G. T. Brough do act as secretary. '��������� ���������," *.'���������        ' ..  Messrs.   A.   R.  Boswell and  W.  G. Cassels   were   appointed   scrutineers.  The secretary   read   the  report  of  the   directors  to   the'shareholders,    and   ���������  submitted the Annual  Statement of the   affairs   of   the  Bank,   which   is   as   follows: .-.',��������� ,.. .  To the Shareholders:  The Directors  beg  to  present the  following  statement  of  the  result of the ;  business  of  the  bank  for  the   year  end ing  31st December,   1904:     "  ���������  Balance of Profit and Loss Account,  31st  December,   1903   ........     $474,902  63  Profit for the year ending 31st December,, 1904, after deducting charges of management, etc., and making provision for  "     ��������� ���������    ���������      ' ' 459,670  01  $934,572 64  bad  and   doubtful   debts  Dividend 2������ per. cent.  Dividend 2\ per cent.  Dividend 2$ per cent..  Dividend-2$ per cent..  paid 2nd April,   1904      paid  2nd  July,   1904  .......  paid 1st October  1904  ...  ..  payable  3rd January, 1905  $75,000 00  75,000 00  75,000 00  75,000  00.  $634,572 64  ,500,000  00  crued to  date)  Total  Liabilities'  to  the  public      Capital   Stock   paid, up    Reserve  Fund    Balance   of  Profits  carried  forward   ........  Dividend "No.   89,   payable 3rd   January..  Former  Dividends   unclaimed   .........   ........  Reserved for  ^Exchange,   etc   ....   ........;.....  Rebate   on   Bills   Discounted      25,947,071  15  ....f  $3,500,000  00  134,572  64  75,000  00  103  75  21,726  50  104,019  24  29,700,043  38  .$32,390,367  38  3,000,000  00  ASSETS.  Specie    ...  Dominion  Government Demand   Notes       Deposit  with   Dominion  Government for   security  of   Note   Circulation          Notes   of   and   Cheques   on   other   Banks   Balances  due  from   other Banks   in   Canada   ..    ..  Balance due by London  Agents   Balances ..due  from  other  Banks  elsewhere than  in   Canada  and the  United  Kingdom    ;   Provincial  Government  Securities   Canadian   Municipal   Securities  and  British     or  Foreign    or ' Colonial   Public   Securities  'other  than   Canadian  3,835,422 13  $39,225,789  51  $1,081,098  86  2,555,181  00  150,000  00  1,369,290  51  820,558  00  66,569  50  2,342,794 63  92,683   21  672,162 33  Railway and other Bonds, Debentures and   Stocks    3,006,450 78  Loans on Cn.ll occurcd by   Stocks aud Debentures    .     2,874,619   16  Bills   Discounted   and  Advances   Current...    ...  Overdue  Debts   (estimated   loss  provided   lor ������������������..    .  Real   Estate  other  than  Bank  Premises       Mortgages on Real Estate sold by the  Bank   ....  Bank Premises  ..:   ..'   Other Assets, not included under foregoing   heads-  Toronto,   31st  December,   1904.  $23,689,045   15  9,179  69  36,877  99  6,000  00  446,000  00  7,278  70  $15,031,407  98  24,194,3i31   53  $39,225,789  51  T.   G.   BROUGH,  General   Manager.  THE SEPARATOR.  While the merits of the farm separator are quite generally understood, dairymen in many sections  fail to properly appreciate that it is  invariably applicable to their own  individual conditions, and that to  every one separating cream from  milk it offers a means of better and  more satisfactory results, says L.  P. Martiny.  The advantages of the farm separator over the gravity system are  too numerous to give a full or extended enumeration, but those of the  rnost importance arc, more perfect  separation, greater value of skiim  milk, saving of time and labor, saving of ice and a better quality of  butter.  "Under the best inethods of deep  setting, it is rather difficult to keep  the loss of butter fat in the skim  milk down to three-tenths of 1 per  cent., which will mean a loss of ������(50  in a head of twenty cows, each giving 5,000 pounds of 4- per cent, milk  per annum. This is a very conservative estimate, for if wo were to  take the average of all conditions  throughout the state, the loss would  be about twice as great as I have  estimated.  Progressive dairymen, as- a rule  are aware of the advantages of the   ������^^00   of   charge,   because  centnfug-al   separator   over   the    old ' " '  process     and     comparatively     little  imilk is being skimmed in that  way,  most  Wisconsin   dairymen  delivering  their whole milk to the creamery, or  using a  farm separator and delivering the  cream to  the creamery.  The point  that   Will   most   interest  the average dairyman is tho advantages   of  the farm   separator  system  of creaming and then  delivering the  cream to  the creamery,   and I    wish  to   discuss   it  from  this   standpoint.  THE   PRINCIPAL   ADVANTAGES  of tho farm separator to the patrons  of  the  creamery  are  increased   value  of skim milk, saving in cost of haul-  jn"- the  dairy products,   less expense  and less expensive creamery plant,  anid a possibility of better butter  product.  I have named these advantages of  the farm separator system in their  value of importance, although there  may be a great many exceptions to  this enumeration. For instance,  the lessening of the cost of delivering the dairy products to some distant creamery may be of greater  value than the increased value of the  skim milk, and there may bo other  conditions that would change the  order of the advantages of the farm  separator.  Users of the farm separator find  one of their greatest advantages in  having warm, sweet, skim milk,  fresh from tho cow for calves, pigs,  and other feeding purposes. With  separator skim, milk there is no  scouring, or other digestive trou-  'b*es, with calves, and this one point  is not fully appreciated, for this  trouble impairs the future usefulness  of  our  cattle more than  we  think.  Where the patrons deliver whole  milk at the creamery, it will cost  them on the average eight cents per  hundred weight for hauling. With a  herd of twenty cows, giving one  hundred thousand pounds annually,  this means a cost of $80 to get it  delivered to the creamery. In delivering cream, it usually costs about  one-half a cent per pound of butter  fat, which means one hundred thousand poun'ds of milk testing four  per cent., or four thousand pounds  of butter fat, that the cost will be  S20, a saving of $60, and very often  the creamery man hauls the     cream  he  can reach out farmers from his factory and haul, a larger quantity of  butter fat to his factory, in the form  of cream, compared with what he  could haul in the form of milk, and  thereby increase the business of his  factory.  The man who delivers cream to  the creamery should receive more  per pound for butter fat than the  man who delivers whole milk, because lie has saved the creamery  man the expense of separating the  milk, which means that he does not  need as large and expensive a creamery, less high-priced machinery, less  help, and less expense in running the  factory.      As  a  rule,   the man    who  300,000  00  Transferred to  Reserve Tmd    Balance of Profit  and  Loss  carried  forward   .......  ................     $134,572 64  .-v-^-..-.:^^--.' -BE.3ERVE   FUND.   .,. .,-,   ,  Balances  at  Credit  of  Account  3l*t December,  19.03   .............. $3,0.00,000 .00..  Transferred- from   Profit--.and-' Loss   Account   .........   ������������������������������������...   ��������������������������� ��������� ���������:���������������������������/     80p,000���������00.ii  "/-'������������������;-- '-���������--'-: ���������--.- ���������'���������'.���������'���������-. :     '/ ;     -.     ~        *3,500,000 00 ,  ���������    Property has  been   purchased  at-thetcb'rnel'?' of   Bldor-strcct   and    Dover-  court-road,   where an   office  will'shortly   be" opened.    ;   -  'The  Stanstead   Branch   was   closed  in  July - last.    ��������� . ������������������>- -'���������������������������'���������. ������������������^.-^���������.  All Branches of the Bank have been  inspected  during  the past. year.     .  ���������   ..-..���������-.������������������-.. .',-���������'.'���������"...       E? B.   OSLER,    .:  ,    Toronto,  25th   January,  1905.. -. /-President.  Tlie'-Report 'was1 adopted and th'������". thanks' of the Shareholders-were tendered to the President, Vice-President and Directors for their services and to  the General Manager and other Officers of the Bank--for the efficient performance of their respective duties.  The following gentlemen were elected- Directors for the ensuing, year:  Messrs. A. W. Austin, W. R. Brock, T. Eaton, J. J. Foy, K.C., M.P.P.; Wm.  Ince,   Wilmot  D.   Matthews   and   E.   B.   Osier,   M.P. ���������?  At a subsequent meeting of the directors, Mr. E. B. Osier, M.P., was  elected President and Mr. W. D. Matthews, Vice.Piesident, for the ensuing  term. ''  GENERAL STATEMENT  LIABILITIES.  Notes   in   Circulation   .....    ............  '..      ....$2,690,324 0.0  Deposits not bearing interest     ......$ 3,752,972 23  Deposits  bearing  interest   (including  interest ac-  one cent per pound more for his butter fat than ��������� the man who delivers  whole milk, because in connection  with the less ��������� expense in the snaking  of the butter the creamery man suffers none of the loss of fat in the  skim milk, while there is always a  loss of fat in the skim milk, of the  man  who.' .   r  DELIVERS WHOLE MILK.   '     ,  The possibility of a better butter  product is very evident -.from the  fact that the dairyman has a less  volume to care for, there is less ''filth  in the cream, to hasten fermentation  than there is in the whole milk, fermentations in the milk go on more  slowly in rich cream than in whole  milk, and the cream docs not need  to be heated at the factory, as does  the whole milk, which process cannot but hasten fermentation.  One of. the objections made to the  farm separator is the first cost, but  when we stop to figure on the profit there is in the investment, the  cost is not worthy of much consideration, beside that they must be  well made of the very best material  and the best workmanship to run  well and be durable at the high rate  of speed at which they must run.  Some creamerymen object to the  introduction of, tho farm separator  at first and condemn them in a  ,������jreat many ways, but as a rule,  they object to them because they do  ndt-vcare /to make -preparations . for  handling/ the }. cream or it generally  comes?>in/.:in-..tbo small quantities -at.  iirstV '. Itjr.necessitates different , apparatus.. ; for testing and more work  for the "comparatively small amount  handled.  1. Again some object to tho" use of  the farm separator on tho claim that  butter made from farm separators is  not of as good quality as that made  from whole imilk. The cause of the  poor butter is not in the use of the  farm separator system, but in tho  abuse in not taking proper care of  the cream, not delivering the cream  often enough, and not keeping the  separator cleaned. Right here ' is  where i a great many shortsighted  separator agents have done a lot of  harm to the system by claiming for  their respective machines that it is  unnecessary to wash them more than  once a day, and sometimes not so  frequently. If there is any milk  utensil that needs washing it is the  bowl of the separator. It gathers  filth from the ,milk and holds it and  if the milk is run through this bowl  after it has stood for twelve hours;  it will undoubtedly cause bad flavor.  BANK OF HAMILTON  Th������ thirty-third annual genera! meeting of the Bank of-Hamilton was held  at noon, on Monday, Jan. 16/ at the  head offices of the bank, in Hamilton.  Hon..; William    Gibson,.. the.  president,  was voted chairman, and the general  manager, J.- Turnbull, secretary.  -The president. Hon. Mr. Gibson, submitted the annual statement, explaining  that it was. for six months^ only. It  was, as follows;- ,.- -.    ���������'.;-. c ���������:���������-.���������  REPORT OF THE DIRECTORS.  The Directois beg to submit their annual  report to the shareholders for th*  six months  ended  Nov.   30,   1904:��������� r 1  The .balance, at credit of profit and loss  loss  account.  May  31. '  . 1904,   was      ���������-.     ...7..-...-.'.....������ G7.080  9S  The profits for the six months ended Nov.  30,     1904,     after     de- .'-,:.'���������''..  ducting  charges  of  management  and making provision for bad  and doubtful debts,  are   182,824 09  Premium  received  on  new   stock        4,505  00  From   which   has  been   declared:  Dividend   5   per  cent.,   payable Dec.   1,   1904    !  Carried to reserve fund  from  profits    9 95,495 00  Carried to reserve fund from oremium on  $254,410 04  .$111,733 76  rve fund from premium on  new  stock  aa  above  4,505 00  Allowance to ex-president authorized by   shareholders ���������  (for six ,months)    '.   100,000 00  2,500 00  214,233  76.  Balance of profit and loss carried forward    ���������. ....$ 40,176  28  "no Directors  desire to  remind    the   shareholders that, by resolution passed  u   ���������xeJaft annual, meeting, the date of  future   annual    general  meetings     was  changed to the third Monday in  January.  The  accounts  herewith  submit     "     submitted  therefore, cmbraco a period of six months-  only,   being from  May 31 to  Nov.  30.  The  Directors  believe  that  the results   will   commend    themselves  Javorably  to the shareholders.  The Directors  report,  with  sorrow,   the   death   of   their   late   colleague,   Ar-  , thur  B.  Lee,  of Toronto. '  WM. GIBSON, President. Hamilton,  Dec.   12,   1904.  LIABILITIES.  To  the public-  Notes  of-bank, in-circulation': ��������� ;...-. : .-...-.$ 2,01/7,511 00-  ���������Deposits   bearing  interest   .........   .: '....$15,097,401 70'  Deposits   not   bearing   interest         3,R58,239 55  Amount reserved for interest due depositors   ..   ..        144,723 82  Balances duo-to other banks  in Canada ". :...:..   ....'....".  Balances  due  to  agents  of  the  bank  in   Great   Britain   Dividend  No.   64,   payable. Dec.  1,  1904 .���������'��������� ���������    111,733 76  Former   dividends   unpaid ".      \ 609 00  19,100,365  0T-  37,621-61  845,549' *85  FARM NOTES.  1 For successful seeding land must  be in gootl heart and lino tilth;  roots, of perennials ami seeds of annuals must be killed. A nursecrop.  is better than weeds. Barley is the  best of spring seeding.  Cheap tools are a delusion and a  constant source of annoyance. Latc-  ly> I bought a few of those cheap  garden trowels in one of our department stores. Like all tools  made for. a cheap trade, they are  cheap, cheaply made and poor. The  blade slips out of the handle, and  when you have-once worked with  such an implement, or rather a poor  imitation of an implement, you will  be ready to throw it on the rubbish  pile, and get a goad substantial  garden trowel, such as most seedsmen keep. You pay a good price,  but you get a serviceable tool.  A good appearance adds solid  value to the farm.. Neat, well-painted buildings, trim fences, good walks  and driveways, handsome shade  trees and a lawn add dollars to the  market estimate, aral the sense of  worth is there, even if the owner has  no present idea of turning it into  cash. When a farm begins to hold  up its head with due regard for appearances, the farmer is likely to  do the same, and he takes a higher  place in the regard of the community. An honest pride in the farm-  homo is ono of the most deligntful  rewards of broad gauge, successful  farming.  To   the 'shareholders���������  Capital  stock   Reserved  fund   Amount reserved for rebate of interest on  rent bills  discounted   Balance   of  profits' carried   forward      142/342 76-  $22,143,390  29-   $  2,235,280 00        2,100,000 00  cur-    65,000 00    40,176 28  ASSETS.  Gold and silver coin   ;   Dominion   Government  notes      Deposit  with   the Dominion  Government  as      security   for   note  circulation      Notes of and cheques on other banks    Balances  due  from  other  banks  in   Canada and  the  United States    Canadian   and   British   Government,   municipal,  railway  and   otiicr  serurities      Loans  at call,   or short call, on  negotiable   securities      4,440,456   28  $26,553,846  57  $      414,660  29  1,880,223  00  110,000  00  1,067,805  43  1,219,851  70  3,059,010 ,42  1,568,142  36  Notes   discounted   and   advances  current   Notes   discounted,   etc.,   overdue   (estimated  loss provided for)  Bank   premises,    office  furniture,   safes,  etc      Real estate (other than bank premises),   mortgages,  etc   Other  assets  not  included under foregoing 'heads     -$  9,319,693  20  ,.  16,388,616  58  55,299  59  677,464 46  46,813  16  65,959  58  v $26,553,846  57  J.   TURNBULL,  Bank of Hamilton, Hamilton, Nov. 30.   1904. General Manager.  this  cat-  and  The.  A DIFFICULT PROBLEM.  Prof.   McDonnell,   regarded   as   one  of the  great   authorities  in   England  on  questions  relating  to   the  breeding   of     live   stock,   says   of     crossbreeding:     "It  has   often   and   often  been fomid  that the best animals of  any  kind   are  crosses   between     two  pure   breeds.       As   illustrating  we can refer   to  the    'blue-gray  tie,   Oxford-Hampshire   lambs,-  the Yorkshirc-Rcrkshire pigs,  pity  of   it  is   that   wc  cannot  make  these valuable    crosses  into  regular  breeds,  retaining all the g-ood equalities   of   the     first  animal,   combining  the- good   qualities   of   the   two   original     breeds,    but     when   we   mate  these  crosses  ag-ain  the results,     in  nine cases  out  of ten,  are wastrels,  and wc have to fall back on the original     pure breeds    to    make   good  crosses     once     more.        It   is   quite  within     the     possibilities   of  animal  physiology, however,  to m'ake a new  brcedf���������say, to    mako tho 'blue-gray'  cattle     a  fixed     type,   breeding  amd  coming   true     within   itself���������I/Hit      it  would   require   a millionaire's   purse  and a lifetime  of work to  do it.    If  a large number of crossbred   males,  possibly out  of the progeny     about  ten per  cent,   might  bo worth  keeping to  breed     from  ag-ain.      If   this  system of selection  were adhered    to  generation     after   generation,       tho  typo would become fixed and   a new  breed evolved which would retain its  characteristics.       The   majority     of  cattle breeds   cross  well   with  Short-  Senator Gibson, in moving the adoption of the report, said: It is very gratifying to the Board of Directors, and  I am sure it will be to the shareholders, that in six months the assets of  the bank have increased nearly two  million dollars, or, to be more exact,  $1,840,000. It must-indeed be gratifying to those gentlemen who have been  .connected with the institution from  its inception, and who are with us today,- to see that our totul -assets have  reached over $26,500,000 by this increase of $1,840,000. As you know,  this has been what is called the lean  half year, yet, notwithstanding that, we  have been able to report a profit at  the rate of 16 1-3 per cent, per annum  on the- capital' stock of the bank in  that time. If you look at.the first page  of the report you will see that we nave  carried to reserve over $95,000, which  together with the $5,000 premium on  new stock, makes a total of $100,000  added to the rest. The addition to  our reserve leaves us, in round figures,  only $135,000' more to carry to that  account to make our reserve equal to  our total- capital.-/While this bank is  not much givenc.to prophesying, I think,  I can safely say that by the next an-  nuaT meeting wo will sec bur reserve  and-our capital the same. That will  indeed be a proud position .to have attained.     (Applause.)  It cannot be denied that in the general prosperity. of "the country, we, as a  bank, must aJso expand, and, while wo  are not''rushintr'-into' every new field,  the directors arc" carefully considering  every point and selecting such as they  consider will prove sound and permanent. Vte have had under consideration,  and have purchased a new . site in  Toronto. We have invested in good  property there and I am sure that the  shareholders will approve. In the property at the cornet of Spadina Avenue  and King Street we have an excellent  investment and a good class of tenants. We also purchased property in  the electrical city of Niagara Falls, to  meet the increasing demands of- our  business there, which realizes handsomely   on   the   investment.  In the new districts of tho Northwest we are pursuing the same careful policy in making extensions from  time to time, and our investments in  bank premises there have resulted entirely  satisfactory   to  the  board.  Since our last .meeting, indeed, shortly ul'ter wc last met here, wc lost one  of our directors, A. M. Lee, Toronto,  and our board 'felt that the importance  of having a representative in that important city should not bo overlooked.  Tho members of the bourd and the  shareholders, are to be congratulated  upon the mar. whoso services we were  able to secure, Mr. U. C. Dalton, a  gentleman who has made a success of  his  own   business,   and   who,   I   am   sure,  will be approved of at this annua)  meeting.  I regret, also, that our friend and  fellow-director, Cyrus Birge, met with  a serious loss in the death of his wife,  and it is duo to him that the cause  of his absence should be mentioned at  this meeting and our sympathy extended to  him. . .  I need not speak of the loyalty ol  the staff and general manager, for the  general manager is as loyal to them  as they aro to him, and both are at all  times loyal to the bank; I can' assure  you with great, satisfaction that the  greatest harmony. . exists :between the  board, the general, manager and th������  stan'.  ' For - the six months' since our' last  meeting the bank has paid a dividend  at the rate of ten per cent, per annum, and I am sure that everyone .will  be  satisfied  with   the  half year's  results.  Mr. Gibson concluded by moving,  seconded by Mr John Proctor, th������  adoption of the report, which was carried. ���������---..,. ..;'���������.'������������������  Moved by Mr. Hendrie, seconded by  Mr. F. W. Gates: "That the thanks ol  this meeting be given to the President and directors, for their services  during   the   past   half  year."  Both .mover and seconder, spoke in  congratulatory .terms in presenting , th������  resolutions, and the chairman called  upon Col. J. S. llendrie to reply on behalf of the board. As the youngest  member of the board, ho was much  pleased to reply to the resolution, particularly as io was moved and seconded; by two of. the oldest gentlemen  present, and two of the original stockholders. He could not add much to  what had been said except a few  words in regard to securities. He had  submitted the American securities to a  very high authority, and the report  which lie had- received upon them was  most satisfactory. It was to the effect  that better securities could not be  held.  Mr. Adam Brown moved, seconded  by Ut. John A. Bruce: "That the-  thanks of this meeting be given to  the general       manager,       inspectors,  agents and other officers of the bank,  for the efficient performances of their  respective  duties."  The resolution was unanimously  adopted,   and   Mr.   Turnbull  replied.  On motion of Mr. Wm. llendrie, seconded by Mr. P. W. Gates, and carried,  the president wo.s asked to cast one  ballot for the Board of Directors and  the following were declared elected:  Messrs. Hon. Win. Gibson, John Proctor, John S. Hcndric, M.P.P.; George  Rutherford, J. Turnbull, C. A. Birge  and   C.   C.  Dalton.  At a subsequent meeting of tho directors, Hon. Wm. Gibson was reelected president and Mr. J. Turnbull  vice-president.  in������making  up  tbe  butter,   a  smaller   delivers  cream   should  receive  about I horn,   and  of  sheep  breeds  with   the  Down or Leicester, but this is because these have been loiig-est developed bv selection, breeding, keeping a register of pedigrees, etc., so  that their 'propotency'-. has been  strengthened as against the less-developed breeds. 'Bearing in mind  that it has taken from fifty to one  hundred' and twenty years to bring  some of our present breeds to their  present state, we get an idea of  what it would moan to bring a  cross-bred   up,  to thessamo stage."   j   FORTUNE'S   LADDER.  'Wili-en  up  Fortune's ladder,  Full of life you climb,  Steadily and surely,  One rung at a time,  ���������looping that you'll some day  At the top appear,  Let mo softly whisper  Just this in your ear;  Do  not wildly scramble,  ( With  expanded lun'-s,  On your friends, and fancy  They are ladder-rungs.  WHAT  BECOMES  OF TINS?  By a series of experiments conducted in his back garden, a gentleman has discovered the answer to  the conundrum. "What becomes of  pins'?" I-Ie has found that pins are  resolved into dust. Hairpins, which  he watched for 154 days, disappeared by rusting away at the end of  that time. Bright pins took nearly  eighteen months to disappear; polished sscel needles nearly two and a  half years, brass pins had but little  endurance; stool pens at tho end of  fifteen months had nearly gone,  while their wooden holders were still  intact.  In China there are \'ast areas of  graden soil that have grown crops  for 3,000 to (J,000 years and support  swarming millions of people. These  lands are surprisingly fertile, after  thousands of years of service, and  to-day they aro producing crops  amazing to fanners accustomed to  the take-all and give-nothing methods that prevail in sotnie countries ���������J\  i  JOHN JONES'S  DEFENCE  t  ?  i ���������������������������  A great hush fell upon the court  -as the prisoner rose from the seat  in the dock with which he had been  .accommodated and opened his defence.  Ho ' was a tall, lank man, with  pale, flabby cheeks and lifeless, sunken eyes. It had come out in the  evidence that he had once held holy  Orders, but had been dismissed, his  living owing to some glaring scandal; and certainly, his .attitude during- the wearying trial, protracted  already to five whole days, afforded  .ample evidence of his high mental  .ability and undoubted education.v  - With him it was a matter of life  or death,   and,  as point after point  ��������� of evidence told heavily.against"him  there was not one in.the court who  ���������could not forseo the dread verdict.  He had refused legal assistance, per-  f erring to take his own case, which,  naving   regard   to ��������� its utter ���������   hopc-  ���������lessncss, made not. the slightest difference in the world one way or the  other. Judge, jury, prosecuting  ���������counsel, spectators, officials of "the  ���������court, the row of wigs listening dispassionately to the tvidence���������by  them all was ho already condemned  to a painful and ignominious death;  and nothing that he could .urge in  his own defence could now possibly  Tiavo any weight.  "My lord   and gentlemen   of   the  Jury " .  The hush upon the court deepened  as the first notes of his voice  struck upon the listening ears of the  1 spectators, and every eye was ' with  one accord    directed upon the piti-  ��������� a/blc figure in the dock, whose every  attitude bespoke dejection and despair.  - Despite tho horrible nature of tho  crime, and the utter callousness he  "had exhibited throughout the long  trial, a thrill of sympathy permeated  the closely packed throng of human  beings, and there was scarcely one  -who did not dread the forthcoming!  pronouncement of sentence by the  judge.  It was now half-past four in the  afternoon, and the Court- had been  sitting, with a brief interval for  luncheon,  since eleven o'clock.  The prisoner alone appeared cool  and collected. He had shaken off  lis nervousness and dejection, anid,  -with head thrown well back and figure erect, he rolled off the most  beautifully rounded. periods, one after the other, inendless succession,  ���������scarcely taking time to breathe  At .first the Court listened in pity--  ing astonishment. Here was a man  of, education, indeed, thrown;; bv V a  life of shameless crime into the lowest vortex  of humanity,. and c-now���������:  It was seven o'clock, and the prisoner was going remarkably strong,  -without a sign of fatigue or, mental  exhaustion.  No, there is no help for it, gentlemen of the jury, the prisoner has  many points yet. to urge in his defence, and the law cannot limit his  speech so long as he. confines himself to relevant issues:  'Adjourned until eleven o'clock on  tho morrow. The jury, in charge of  a couple of officials, arc lad,, gloomy  and discontented, with many a baleful glance at the prisoner, to their  hotel; whilst the prisoner, just the  ghost of a smile upon his flabby  face, walks briskly in the direction  of the cells.  Morning breaks, dull, gloomy,  overcast, and oppressive, and the  court has the temperature of an  oven long before the entry of the  judge.  The prisoner is led in. He bows  courteously to the bench and the  jury-box, casts a disdainful look at  the row of wigs, smiles pityingly on  the breathless spectators, and takes  up the thread of his ovor-night  speech.  At half-past one there is a short  adjournment for luncheon, during  which he takes light refreshment below, to turn up quite brisk and  smiling when the court re-opens.  The jury loll and yawn, casting  many an anxious glance at the clock  whilst the judge, lowering and black  frowns his disapproval from the  bench.  It Is five o'clock, and the judge  rises sternly from his seat.  "Silence!"  The  prisoner  ceases speaking.  "I have no desire to prejudice your  case," says tho judge, in solemn  tones, "but the time of the Court  must not be trifled with."  "My lord���������"  The judge holds up a hand.  "I am only warning you," he  says. "The Court will now sit until  you have completed your speech,  even" (he glanced up at the clock)  "even if it is midnight."  An audible groan come from the  jury-box, and that peculiar smile  again     flitted     across  the prisoner's  face.  i"As you will, my lord," ho bowed.  At ten o'clock the judge agiain interposed, calling tip a dignified remonstrance from the prisoner.  "You must remember, niy lord,"  ho pleaded, "that to mc it is a matter of life or death. T am sorry  for these men"���������he waved his hand  in the direction of the jury���������"and  I deeply regret any inconvenience I  may cause your lordship, bVit I have  a duty to myself, a far higher duty,  the preservation ol my life, anid that  must stand before ,all things. With  your lordship's permission I will  now continue���������*���������"  The ��������� judge    rose angrily from his'  scat.  ' "Adjourn the Court until to-morrow at eleven o'clock," he roared  and bounced furiously from the  bench.  *        * '      ���������        ���������        *        *  With the morning of the soventh  day came a petition from, the jury"  to the judge. As men who had business to attend to and wives and  children to support, they humbly  prayed for some_ relief- froim the stain  and worry of a needlessly protracted  case.  "Hiang the'prisoner," was the gist  of their request; "and, joyfully as the  judge would have acceded to.it, he  felt:'c6mp*elfed' to possess his soul  yet longer in patience.  a.7he . prisoner, fresher and more  alert than ever, stepped "into the  dock with an air that was almost  jaunty; and a titter ran around the  court as he plunged without preliminary into his defence.'  "Silence!" roared the judge, and  "Silence!"  echoed the officials.  The spectators, with not a few of  the barristers, had begun to see the  humor of the situation. -  Lunch was over.        ������  "I imust really ask you to curtail  your . remarks,'' the judge remonstrated on taking his seat. "You'  h'avo now been speaking two whole  days, and���������-1 submit the point with  the utmost regard to my position���������  every word you utter serves, but to  render the- case more damning  against you."  The prisoner bowed.  "My lord," he replied, "I must  beg your patient hearing.' As yet  I have not touched upon my defence  proper, having confined myself to a  few preliminary remarks.    I������������������"  The judge fell back helplessly- in  his chair.  "There may be only one reason,"  continued the prisoner, "why- I  should be hanged; but. at the same  time, there" are a thousand and one  why I should not, and these I propose to take and deal with scratim.  I must therefore ask your pardon  for trespassing upon your valuable  time and that of the gentlemen of  the jury.    I will now resume '-���������  "I cannot allow this." cried the  judge, angrily. "The time of ,the  Court must not be wasted in this  frivolous manner." -  "My lord!"  The voice ot the prisoner assumed  an injured tone, and he sat down in  tho dock.  "You must hang me then,''--'���������'.-he.-  said, calmly^, "but.rreinembcr'... that;  I was never heard'.in'my' defence:"  A deep .silence: fell upon the court,  broken only 'by - the' ;rustling-;5 "of  books.'andpapers,; as the judge- and  barristers' consul tedX authorities ^upon the point.  At last the; judge -rose to.his, feet.  "The Court is adjourt\od until the  morning," he thundered, and swept  out in as dignified a manner as was  possible under the circumstances.  There was again a groan from the  ang'uishod jury, and at the sound the  same inscrutable, smile passed across  the face of the prisoner.  *        *        ##        #\#  "I have consulted the Law Officers of the Crown," said the judge,  as ho took his seat on the eighth  morning of the trial, "attd have no  alternative but to hear the prisoner.  He must, however, as I have warned  him before, keep to direct issues,  and he must be more guarded and  succinct iii his delivery.".  Thus adjured, the prisoner plunged  straightway into his interrupted  speech; but now ho changed his tactics, and his delivery was as slow,  solemn, and precise as it had before  been  fiery and incisive.  He weighed every point carefully  and ponderously, and frequently  begged the loan of some authority,  reading in an unctuous voice long  passages upon criminal procedure,  the laws of evidence, and the uncertainty 01' circumstantial  testimony.  Several times he was called to  order; but as this only meant in  every case a prolonged argSuoncnt and  the consultation of more authorities,  tho judge soon ceased from troulblhi-g  and indulged in short naps throughout,  the  day's proceedings.  The jury, glum and sour, sat  frowning aggressively at the smiling  prisoner, and at last the long, uno-  notonous drawl got upon the nerves  of the spectators even, and half the  court was in a condition of listless  apathy.  So the day passed, until at seven  o'clock came the inevitable adjournment. N  have obtained^ a list of those pro-  sent, and I purpose calling eight  hundred and seven witnesses to  prove an alibi. Each of these witnesses I shall introduce with a few  preliminary remarks in my speech.  And then "  The judge held up a warning hand.  "Proceed," ho cried, his face white  with passion. "Proceed, for Hca-  Vcii's sake!"  The prisoner proceeded, confining  himself for the rest of the day to tho  conclusion of his few remarks upon  the knife.  "Tomorrow, my lord and gentlemen of the jury," he perorated, "I  will' confine myself to a few words  i;i������on" the position in which the body  was'alleged to have been found by  the,police.     There, is much' "  "Adjourn-the Court," roared' his  lordship. '  ���������        ���������   '���������-������������������'     ���������        ���������',  On the first day of the ninth week,  after the prisoner had spent two  solid hours in introducing the evidence, he proposed to extract from  the first of his eight hundred and,  seven alibi witnesses, the jury, upon a hint thrown out by the "judge,  asked for leave to retire.  It was, of .course, immediately  granted, andx during their absence  the judge and the counsel for the  Crown held a brief' consultation.  "And there, is no other coursc,_iny  lord?"  asked  the latter..  "None," j sighed his ' lordship.  "None, unless you are prepared to  listen to him for ever."  The jury filed slowly in.  '.'���������Are you agreed upon your verdict,' gentlemen?"  - ��������� "Yes, my lord," ' replied the fore-'  man, "and we find,the'prisoner Not  Guilty."  A cry of amazoment ran    through  the crowded court.  INot guilty?    Why   "A jury of-your countrymen having found you not guilty of the  terrible crime with which you have  been charged, John Jones, I have  no alternative but to discharge you.  You have shown remarkable' talent"  (here the judge's voice broke) "in  your defence, and I would earnestly,  ask you to turn your undoubted  abilities to a better purpose than  the pursuit of - crime. John. Jones,  you may go."  The prisoner stood for one moment solemnly regarding the judge.  Then he took a step forward.  "I should like, my lord," he said,  "to make a few remarks'������������������"  There was a general exodus, and  in two minutes the prisoner was  alone.in the court; the inscrutable^  smile broadened but how into a grin  of. undisguised amusement./.,,, ' ; -.'"'  V".Th6ur-ht my few remarks : would  knock them, he muttered, and then  he; /passedvbut:;ihto the sunshinc of  .the busy street /^London Tit-Bits.   ..  SEEK FOR BURIED GOLD  HIDDEN TREASURE  ISLAND.  ON COCOS  Earl   of Fitzwilliams' Recent    Attempt���������Others Who Have  Tried.  The recent accident to Earl Fitz-  william's expedition to the Cocos  Islands, in the Pacific, in search' of  the hidden treasure, recalls others  equally unsuccessful. The island belongs to Costa Rica, and is 500  miles south-west of Panama.  The first treasure was deposited  about the year 3 821 by a British  ship which had become a pirate vessel. It was very carefully hidden by  sinking in -gravel and tunnelling in'  rock. Subsequently the leaders wore  captured, tried, and executed; the  resfc of the' pirate crew were imprisoned.  There is no chart to show the  whereabouts of the spoil. Every clue  that has been followed in efforts to  find ��������� it has been evolved from the  memory of the few who did not . immediately pay tho penalty for their  exploits .with their lives.  The second and more important  treasure was deposited on Cocos Island by the crew .of the barqucntine  Mary Dier about the j'ear 1835. To  the captain and crew of this vessel  wero entrusted, the -treasures of the  Peruvian town of Callao, which was  then threatened with revolution and  sack. The timely arrival of the  British ship in the harbor suggested  to tho governor of the city tffo plan  of placing the national treasures on  board her for safety. The crew betrayed their trust', and escaped with  the valuables, which they buried on  tho island.  VALUE OF THE TREASURE.  , The precise valuo of tho treasure  cannot,' of course, be told with certainty, but the following are the  most reliable details'.���������Pirates' treasure���������Bullion to the extent of hundreds  of thousands pi pounds. Precious  stones to an enormous amount. Hundreds of bars of._ pure gold. 273  gald-hiltod swords . studded with  precious stones. Several chests filled with gold coins.  Peruvian jLreasure���������G old and silver  sacramental vessels. Ornaments richly encrusted with precious stones. A  large amount of bullion" from the  state treasury. Gold and silver ingots.  The crew of .the Mary Dior decided  to bury the treasure on CoCos Island. *After doing so their vessel'  was wrecked, and eight of them were  shot by the Peruvian Government.  RECOVERED SOME OF IT.  ' A- man named Ivoaton escaped, and  he had the secret of the buried treasure, and with a Captain- Bogue "shj-  cured some of it. Bogue was.-drown-  ed"���������' .shortly- after and;)Keaton died,  but bequeathed ./tho^secretto,- a .Cap  WHY WIVESJfEAR RINGS  ORIGIN   OF   SOME    MATRIMONIAL  CUSTOMS.  The     "Best    Man"  in the   Olden  Days Had a Strenuous  Time.  Another week passed, and still the  prisoner spoke.  "So far, my lord," he said, in re-  plv to a respectful interruption from  the judge, "so far I have confined  myself to the ovidence I propose to  bring concerning the knife found lying beside the body. I have yet  to say a few" words" (there was an  audible shudder throughout the  court) "upon tho body itself. And  then there are the broken glass, tho  white powder, the seventeen analysis  by as many chemists, the time of  the commission of the crime, the  particular phase of the moon, the  condition of tho weather, the reliability of the police evidence and the  Home Office experts, the question of  suicide,  and many other matters.  "Having been at a semi-public  meeting on the night of tho crime, I  JAMES/STAYED. //        ;  A good story deals with a learned  judge called Littlcdare, who was  very much under the thumb of his  wife. Littledale had abutter who  had been in the family many years,  and-.with.whom he would not have  parted on any account; he would  sooner have parted with, her ladyship. One morning this excellent  butler cam������ to Sir Joseph Little-  dale and said, with tears in his  eyes:���������- ...  "I beg your pardon, my lord>-<���������'���������'���������  "What's the matter, Jaimes?"  "I'm very sorry, my lord," said  the butler,  "but I wish to leave.'  "Wish to leave, James'? Why, what  do you wish, to lcavo for? Haven't  you got a good situation?"  "Capital situation, Sir Joseph:  aiid you have always been a goad,  kind master to me, Sir Joseph. But  oh, Sir Joseph!  Sir Joseph!"  "Wltut then, James, what then?  Wiliy do you wish to leave? Not going to get married, eh���������not surely  going to get married? Oh, James,  don't do it!"  "Heaven forbid, Sir Joseph!'"  "Eih,  eh?    Well,  then, what is  Speak out,  James, and tell me  about, it.        Tell  mc���������'toll  mc as  friend!     If there, is any trouble���������-"  "Well.     Sir  Joseph,  I could     put  up    with    anything from you,     Sir  Joseph,  but I can't get on with my  lady!"  "My lady bo hanged! Oh, James,  what a sinner you make of mo! Is  that all, Jamca? Then go down on  your knees at once ami thank Heaven my lady is not your wife!"  The consolation was enough, and  James stayed.  UTILITY  OF THE BAMBOO.  The bamboo, so important a  source of wealth in Japan and China  exists in many varieties, and not  only supplies the Orientals with  building material, but is used for  ropes,  mats,  kitchen   utensils,   and  ��������������� ] leader  it?  all  a  host of other articles. One kind is  even cultivated as a vegetable, J,he  young shoots being oaten lf<e asparagus. The plant is not confined to  the tropics, as is often supposed,  but is found in Japan, where there  are heavy falls of snow in winter. It  has been known to grow 3ft. in a  single day.  tain Hackett, who died .before he was  able to'make use of it, but told it  to Admiral Falliser, who accompanied "tho Earl Fit/Avilliam's party.  ADMIRAL'S ATTEMPTS.  Although Captain Hackett's words  bore yio impress of veracity, the details, as given to tho admiral, must  have been misleading, or his first  or second mission would have been  successful. .-"���������..-.:-  First of. all, aided by George Hack-  ett's brother, Admiral Palliscr went  to the island in H.M.S. Imperieusc,  taking with him the steamer Aurora. Tho crow of the latter searched for some weeks, but without any  success.  Then in 1903, under a concession  from the Government of Costa Rica,  which placed the island in the  charge of a Governor named Giess-  ler, he took out another expedition.  Its failure was recorded by Mr. H.  de Montmorency, one of its members,  in his book,' "The Track of tho  Treasure." Tho arrangement which  Admiral Palliscr ' made with the  Costa Rica Government was that it  should take half the proceeds of the  search, and that no other expedition  should be permitted to conduct operations during  the year.  PATENT GOLD-FINDER.  But these are by no means, the  onlj- searches that have been made.  Ono of tho most determined efforts  was made at tho end of the year  1901. when a company was formed  in Victoria, British Columbia, for  the purpose of fitting out an expedition to search for the treasure on  scientific principles.  It was furnished with a patent  gold-finding apparatus, by the aid of  which it was believed that tho treas-  aurc, which had defied the efforts of  many prospectors, would be discovered. " Like its predecessors, however,  this expedition failed, after a long  and arduous search, during which its  members suffered considerable hardship.  An    American  expedition chartered  the steamer    Hermann,  and searched  'twenty islands  without, success.   The  of  this   expedition   afterwards  During the last three months no  fewer than 270 Swiss smuggling  dogs .have been shot by Italian  frontier' guards. These intelligent  animals arc trained to carry dutiable articles across the frontier, mid  aro taught to distinguish the difference between Italian awd Swiss uniforms.  confessed that he was 'without reliable data as to the whereabouts of  the treasure.  It is a curious circumstance that,  r.ince Thompson, who was ono of  those who hid the treasure, every  man to whom the secret has descended has died before he could profit by  it. Several of the Fit/.williani party  were injured by a foil, of rocks while  blasting  on  the  island.   $   No fewer than 13,71.0 vessels be-  longmig-to the United Kingdom, anid  40,3-10 lives, have been lost at sea  d?nring the past twenty-five years.  Most wrecks have occurred ' on the  British coast, between Flanvborough  Head and the North Foreland.  Probably few girls who marry nowadays ever dream of connecting their  future title'of "wife" with the word  "weave."' Yet the former is merely  a modification of the latter, and  both come from the Anglo-Saxon  "wefan" (meaning to weave), in allusion to the house linen which at  one period was always made by a  young girl in view of her marriage,  young girl in view of her marriage.  Our own word "spinster" is a relic of  the  same significance.c  The bride cake in an institution of  extreme antiquity. It is a relic of  the Roman period, when the principal part of the marriage ceremony  consisted in the partaking by tho  two contracting parties of a cako  made of flour, salt, and water in  the presence of the High Priest and  ten -witnesses.  It is known that the Jews woro  wedding rings long before the Christian era. The idea seems to have  been that the husband gave his Gig-  not ring, or a duplicate of it, to his  bride, by way of signifying that ho  deputed to, or shared with her . his  authority. It "was, also considered  an emblem of eternal love, as, being  round, .it' had no end. But a ring  or bracelet seems to have been a universal betrothal emblem ' with many  early races, besides the Jews. Among  the Egyptians, a finger of iron was  assumed by both'man and woman at  -betrothal, possibly symbolising" tho  mutual  SACRIFICE OF LIBERTY.  Gold money used to circulate in  the form of rings in Egypt in very  early times, and the Egyptian at  marriage placed one of these pieces  of ring money on his wife's finger a9  a pledge that ho would" share with'  her' his  fortune.  The use of the ring at weddings is  now so nearly lunivcrsal that-a British bride would not consider herself  legally wedded without the plain !  gold circlet. It is, therefore, interesting to discover that in the country round .Cadiz in Spain no ring is  used-.,. After the ceremony the bridegroom moves the flowers in his  wife's hair from left to right, for, in  that part of Spain, to wear a. rose,  above the right ear is to proclaim,  yourself a  \vife..V -   -'���������'���������'\i-  The pretty word "honeymoon" ia  probably seldom supposed to have  actually anything to do with honey.'  Yet there is no doubt that it was  the ancient custom among the. Scandinavian races;,.to drink I''metiieglin' '���������  or diluted honey for thiry days . after  every wedding. Still more strange/'-���������  t.in the Island,,6f -Rhodes honey is still '-..  a factor in -the /marriage'..rites. After  theV wedding the husband ,dips . his  fingers in honey and traces a cross  over the doorway of his home before  the bride enters. Meantime the spectators cry out to the lady. "Bo always good and sweet as is this  honey."  AT  A  JEWISH WEDDING ���������  the woman is put to stand on the  right, hand of the man, iii allusion  to that verse of the 44th Psalm:  "At they right hand did stand the  Queen in gold of Ophir." Our custom is the reverse of this, for the  Rubric directs that..the man shall  stand on the right hand, and the  woman on the left.  The reason is somewhat doubtful,  but that tho usual one assigned is  also Biblical in its origin, being because the book of Genesis tells us  that the rib which the woman was  formed was taken out of the left  side of Adam. All the Christian  Churches, the Roman and Greek, as  well as Protestant, follow out this  same custom.  The "best man" has plenty to do  at a modern wedding; indeed, he  takes most of the business part, of  the ceremony off the hands of the  groom. But he, too, is a survival,  and may thank his stars that his lot  is cast in the twentieth century A.  D. instead of the tenth.B.C. In  those clays marriage by capture was  the savage custom of our ancestors.  The groom did not waste his time in  long and delicate wooing, but lay in  wait outside the lint of tho bride's  family, and when she came out hit  her over the head with a stone club  and bore her off in triumph'.  THE BEST MAN'S TASK  was a far more arduous one. He,  poor fellow, had to hold the pass,  and fight perhaps tho entire family  of the abducted lady, while his friend  reached a point of safety in some  cave high wp in tho mountains.  This brings to mind the fact that  the wedding veil has an origin equally remote. The bride, no doubt, often was well aware when her capture had been planned, and resorted  to the device of attempting to disguise and hide herself by means of  trails of long grass, boughs, or  creepers. Even after capture she  still clung to the relics of her disguise, to show her friends that she  had been no willing party to the  rough wooing.  Rice-throwing at a wedding, is so  far as this country-is concerned, a  comparatively moccrn innovation.  Rice, of course, was hardly known in  Britain a couple of centuries ago.  But the throwing of grain of one  kind or another is a custom of extreme antiquity, and. in the days  before rice became common and  cheap amongst us it was customary  to throw over the bride a handful of  ripe ears of wheat. The idea was no  doubt a wish for future plenty and  prosperity.  ��������� ftfl.  ^ "  '������������������<i  /  ,1  4Z' t  ������������������Pi  T.  Ik  wj *ri r������*r*^*^i*^**W*tfnMr^n*Mir^l Ube fttcUty Gazette  ���������   > and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Issued on Thursday*, bv the JIi:ou:v Gazkttk  Pkintixk and Pcw.isinxo Comiwny,  l.i.MiTi:n,   (it llcrtlcy, B.C.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Vcar ���������,  ��������� ��������� S-'.CJ  Six Muniiis..   ���������������������������i carried on at  New Mocin  (ith.  First quar.  Hth.  1905  /WAR.  Full Moon  ������>th.  Lsvsb quar.  27th.  1905  Sun. Mon. Tues. Wed. Thu. Fri. Sat.  5 / 6 7 ��������� 8  9 10 11  12 . 18 11 15  10 17 IS  19 20 21 22 "-23 24 25  2(5 27 2S 20     30 ol  Trunk Pacific would be built in  British' Columbia, at once, if the  Laurier administration were returned,   and   that   it wouldn't  | cost the. province a cent.   The  i .senator exhibited a, letter from  ! Charles M. Hays to  prove  that  construction work   was to   be  j carried on at the Pacific coast  j simultaneously with the eastern  i section.   In view of these facts  | the .Week asks if British Col-  I umbia    has    not    been     gold  bricked, when tho great octopus  now demands a large land grant  as a condition for carrying on  the work in   the   west,  simultaneously with the east.  >     EDITORIAL NOTES.  And 'now. it appears that the  Grand Trunk Pacific are coming  in   the   mendicant role to the  British    Columbia    legislature,  asking for a land gi-ant in consideration     of    having   -work  started at this end of the line.  This will scarcely be taken with  good   grace   by the people   of  British   Columbia   after being  ���������  assured so recently by'the government at Ottawa   that   the  Grand Trunk Pacific would be  built Avith "not an acre of land  given  away,"   and after being  assured  by   both   Mr.  Prefon-  taine, minister of railways,- and  Charles M. Hays that construction work would be started on  this end at the same time as in  the east.   It is well understood  that there are numerous people  on the coast who are longing'to  get   into   the   big   harvest   of  shekels which   they expect to  reap when active construction  begins on" the G. T. P., and -they'  are   not   troubled    with    any  spoliation of the province which;  may result, so" long as they can  ' get their pull.    That they will  join   hands   with    the    Grand  Trunk in making an onslaught  upon the administration at Victoria is to be expected, but the  McBride   government   will   do  well to steer clear of any G.T.P.  entanglements until the Coast-  Kootenay road has become an  accoiunlishci fact.  Two years ago the Greenwood Liberal Association placed  itself on record that the time  had not only come, but was far  past; when we must stop once  for "all the giving of land grants  to railway corporations. What  has that association to say about  this brazen hold-up of the Grand  Trunk Pacific in British Col  umbia today ?  Senator Cox was fattened at  the public crib in the enormous  haul which he took out of  Crow's Nest coal. Why should  he now come Avith the Grand  Trunk' after another haul in the  shape of a land grant from  British Columbia, to do what  they had already agreed to do  without it ?  hesitate to use the knife where  it    is    needed.      Better    still,  they are wielding it with. consummate   skill.      John   Oliver  himself could not show greater  skill in picking out a mouldering  or useless branch on one of his  cherry trees than has the government in lopping off the alms  from John's purse-proud Delta  ranchers, by making them contribute   a share of the cost in  educating   their  own children.  In unsettled or unincorporated  districts the new law will make  very little difference, but in the  case of settlements'where the  people are well enough off to  got incorporated and thus' say  that they are able to run their  own   show,   the   government's  new Education   Bill   has   just  taken them, at their word and  will   allow them to run their  own educational show as well.  Scripture saith that "Jeshurun  waxed fat and kicked."   Well,  John Oliver's  ranchers waxed  fat too, and kicked on paying  their   taxes in to the   government. . They thought the gov-1  ernment wouldn't kick on educating John's children on the  free lunch counter plan, but it  has.  Moffefs Best  HARD WHEAT  FLOUR  Uniform and White; Made from  Selected wheat,, grown on new  lands in the Northwest Territories.  THE COLUMBIA FLOURING MILLS CO., Ltd.  VERNON ������nd ENDERBY, B.C  SIMILKAMEEN  Livery, Feed and Sale Stable  Single and Double  Drivers.  9  Saddle  and   Pack  Horses.  Wood for Sale.  HOPKINS <& McINNES, Proprietors, Hedley, B.C.  The beneficent effects of the  sound business policy of the  government in stopping the  leaks, are'already in evidence in  the restored confidence of outside investors. The American  papers have even begun to take  it up, and British Columbia is  now pointed to on tho outside  as a wisely governed province.  Such commendation as that appearing ih the American' press  is worth thousands to this  province.  Will Senator Templeman accept the portfolio of minister of  interior, if offered to him, jwo-r  yided the Grand Trunk refuses  to carry out its agreement to  build in British Columbia simultaneously with the eastern sections without a land grant from  this province ? How can he accept and retain his self-respect  after the assurances to the contrary which he. gave so short a  time ago ?  When in Keremeos  STOP AT  The Central Hotel  TWEDDLE (Br RE1TH, Proprietors.  Here is a sample of the  litical pabulum going on  Nicola-Kamloops section of  government telejdione, and  po-  the  the  ap-  It is now  becoming evident  why Sir Wilfrid Laurier was so  anxious   to  get the  Dominion  elections   over   before   dealing  with an autonomy bill for  the  new provinces in the Northwest.  The   clause allowing   separate  schools, which he has forced in,  has ser the western heather on  (he, an:;l the iiamc, as might be  expected, inxa spread to Ontario.  Alter .til the turmoil occasioned  in the ..Uev proA-incos as the result   oi   a   constitution   which  made   provision   for    separate  schools,   it   is   most surprising  that the premier did  not take  warning and of his own accord  seek   to  eliminate the bone of  contention Irom   the   constitution to be given to  these  new  western  provinces,   instead   of  being forced to withdraw it, as  he undoubtedly must.   Already  one of his ministers, Hon.  Clifford Sir ton, has resigned, and if  some of the others do not follow on their own accord,  they  will in all probability be invited  by their supporters to do so.  pearing in the Star of Feb. 18th:  The resignation of tho Hon. II. F.  Green, commissioner of Panels and  works, and the Hon. Charles Wilson,  attorney-general, from the McBride  administration is a sign that inevitable dissolution is at hand. Never  strong, the government cannot stand  any jostling lest it topples over. Internal dissension in a weak cabinet  never fails to end in defeat of the  ministry, of which there have been  many instances in B. C. Liberals,  stand by!  Latest reports indicate that  Sir Wilfrid Laurier has been  forced to modify his autonomy  bill by cutting out the sepai-ate  schools clause. Nothing de-  finite has been given out, but  rumor has it that Sir Wilfrid  passed the word, and Fielding  and his following promised to  swing into line again.  Good Accommodation and Strict Attention to the  Wants of the Piiolic.   Livery Barn in Connection.  In the Supreme Court of  M  f\  G  I  N  Gig Drug and Book Store  Brushes-  Our Stock of Hat, Cloth, Hair, Tooth and Nail  Brushes is most complete���������Worthy Hair Brush-  ,   .    es��������� Long Bristles���������Solid Backs.  Toilet Soaps-  Our "Soaps are noted for Purity and Refreshing Qualities.' - -      -      <  ���������Daintij Goods at Daintu Prices���������  JOHN LOVE  Druggist   and   Stationer.  F������  R  1  O  D  I  G  A  J~  S  The best stroke of leadership  scored by the leader of the  opposition    at   Victoria  was   his  magnanimous 'joining of forces  with   the   government   on the  subject of better terms.   That  is the kind of party tactics  we  all want to see.    The province  should   come   first   and   party  considerattons     after.       With  both sides in the  local   legisla-  lure joining in the demand  for  better terms from the Dominion  government, the representatives  of British Columbia will do well  to take heed.   In the past their  attitude  on  this  question   has  been far from creditable,  but  with this example before them,  better things are expected from  them this session.  Ix Tin: Mattku of tub "Water Clauses  Consolidation  Act, 1897," and A.mknd-  MCNTS TllRRETO.  And in thk Mattjik ok tiie Similkameen  Water Works Compan*-,-Limited.  NOTICE is hereby piven that application will  be made to a Judge of tins Honorable  Court House in the City of Victoria on Friday,  the Uth day of April, 1905, at the hour of 10:30  o'clock in the forenoon, or so soon thereafter as  counsel can be hoard, upon an application on  tho part of the above named Company that a  Certificate under Section 55 of the "Water  Clauses Consolidation Act, 1897," may be granted to the Company in respect of their undertaking to construct and operate a waterworks  system for supplying the unincorporated locality of Hedley City Townsitc and the vicinity  thereto with water.  And Take Notice that the Documents and  the Plan as provided by Section 52 and the  Petition as provided by Section 58 of the said  Act have boon filed in the District Registry of  this Honorable Court at Vernon.  Dated tin's 10th day of March, A. D. 1905.  BODWKLT, & DAWSON,  Solicitors for the Applicants.  :ilj Government Street, Victoria. 8-1  Hotel Keremeos  GEO. KIRBY, manager.  First Class  in Every Respect.     Commercial and Mining  Headquarters of the Keremeos and Lower Similkameen Valleys.    Post House on Penticton-  ton-Princeton Stage Line.  KEREMEOS,  B. e.  NOTICE.  " Has British Columbia been  gold bricked ?\ is the question  asked by the Week in Victoria.  The Week points out that Senator Templeman assured them  in   Victoria   that   the    Grand  The government's Education  Bill has come in for a fierce but  unreasoning onslaught from the  opposition. The hitherto lavish  expenditure on education when  the government imagined itself  rieh enough to play the role of  "Lord Bountiful," is now out of  tune with the administration's  general policy of business retrenchment, and with commendable   consistency   they do   not  Certificate of Improvements.  BOSTON Mineral Claim, situate in the Osoyoos  ���������Alining Division of Vale District. Where  located: Camp Hedley.  X-A-KK NOTICE that I, K. H. Parkinson ar  ���������*��������� agent for W. 1>\ Cameron, administrates  of tho estate of G. M. Stumps, free Miner's  Certificate No. H^2l7(i. intend, sixty days from  date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder  for a Certificate of Improvements, for tho purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the aboye  claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  R. H. PARKINSON.  Dated Dec, 12, A.D., 100!. 1-8  6HUBERT  NOTICE.  Certificate of Improvements.  PITTSBURG Mineral Claim, situate in the  Osoyoos Mining Division of Ya,le District.  Where located: Camp Hedley.  TAKE NOTICE that I, R. H. Parkinson, as  agent for L. W. Shatford. F. M. C. B62028,  and W. F. Cameron, F. M. C). B22-176, intend,  sixty da/a from date hereof, to apply to the*  Mining Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  Grant of tho above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  R. H. PARKINSON.  Dated Doc. 12, A.D.. 1901. 1-8  *A/holeseile and Retail  General     Merchant  Groceries  Dry Goods  Gents' Furnishings  Boots and Shoes  Etc., Etc.  Hardware  Flour and Feed  Sash and Doors  Lumber and Shingles  Etc., Etc.  Stores���������HEDLEY and PENTICTON. 12  Town and District.  "W. H. Godfrey went out by'Monday's stage.   He is still gone. 1   <���������  More men were put to work on" the  Nickel Plate last week.  Kelowna merchants are going in for  early closing and a half holiday 'each  week. ���������- -���������  The snow has nearly all disappeared  up at the Nickel Plate, the electric  tram line being all clear.  The ore is going out of Phoenix to  the smelters at the rate of 2700 tons  per day.  Mr. T. D. Pickard made a short  business trip over to Fairview' in the  middle of last week, returning on  Sunday.  Mrs. W. J. Henderson was quite ill  when they moved into the Hotel  Hedley, but is now able to get around  again.  ���������The Friday-Club will meet this week  at the home of Mrs. Boeing, Kingston  Ave. Subject, Shakespeare's 'Twelfth  Night.'.' Leader,'Mrs! Schubert.  F. W. McLaine of .Greenwood "has  been appointed land agent of the C.P.R.  for the district extending between  Greenwood and  Okanagan  lake.-"  A break   in the flume on Monday  night shut off the water on Tuesday  - but it was 'fixed in' a day and everything is going again.,  D. McMillan, who was injured a few  weeks ago in the logging accident at  Stirling creek, has beeri;able to get the  broken arm out of its casing, and has  fully recovered from other injuries.  , W. A. Haining, manager of the King  Edward mines oh Suesap- creek came  up on Sunday to do some development  work on'the Sacramento mineral claim  lying below the Kingston.  ' Geo. E. Winkler is making prepara-  ... tions to build, a new.real estate office  at Penticton, tho, volume of business  in his line increasing to such an extent  that ample accommodation has to be  provided fpr it.     " .  Chas. Selquest was severely crushed  \ between ore cars in an ore-train at the  Nickel Plate mine a short time ago.'  Several broken ribs resulted from the  squeezing, but he is reported to have  made a satisfactory recovery.  The Grand Forks News-Gazette under the new management is to. hand.  Editor Burrell is -puttirg up lots of  good stuff, which lnakes^the News-  Gazetto take its place as one^'of the  best, edited weeklies in .the- province���������  D.' Gv Hackney is building an" addition on the east end of > the Hotel  Hedley. This was part of the agreement in the transfer of the business to  W. J. Henderson, who" is now in  charge and already enjoying a vcry  "fair trade.  The infant boy of Mr. and Mrs. Duncan Ross died last Sunday morning  after a brief illness.-- The funeral took  place Monday at 10 o'clock. Service at  the family residence was conducted by  Rev. Mr. McKee, pastor of the Presbyterian, church. It was attended by relatives and intimate friends.���������Times.  Lagrippe does not always flourish as  the result of dirty weather. During  the past week when nearly all were  trying to decide whether it "was spring  or summer, there were sundry indispositions. . Mr. E.D.Boeing had about  the severest, but Mr. Messenger and  family were close seconds.  >The shareholders of the Sunset,  mine, Copper mountain, .Similkameen  district, recently decided to give an  option on 51 per cent of the stock to a  syndicate organized by O. N. Scott,  M. E.. of Rossland. R. A. Brown of  Grand Forks, was re-elected president,  and Alex. Miller of Greenwood, one of  the directors.  The Great Northern railway has announced the names of the stations on  its branch line from Grand Forks' to  Phoenix as follows; Weston, Granby,  Spencer, Hale, Deborah, Glenside, Jordan and Knob Hill Junction- By this  arrangement the train-hands, when  discussing the events of the day's run,  can talk of what is happening "on the  cither, side of Jordan". /  The hospital committee are getting  along nicely." On the hill some $350  has been subscribed and in Hedley so  far about $400 has been raised and the  committee have not completed their  canvass as they require a little further  time. In addition to the $400 subscribed the committee announce a conditional donation of $100 worth of  instruments from Dr. Whillans, who  is prepared to purchase, same and  "leave them in the hospital, to be kept  there under lock and key for his use  as long as he is connected with the  hospital."  G. S. Mohr, book-keeper for J. A,  Schubert, left, on Friday's stage to  visit his home at Enderby. Some of  his friends at the Hotel Similkameen  sprang a practical joke on him, by  making a little scene in which he was  made to play the role, of absconding  debtor as he was about to boai-d the  stage. A little laundry bill was made  to do duty for the occasion, and as a  dainty piece of melodrama a la Godfrey, it was a success. ."  A test of the Princeton coal will be  made at the power house of the Daly  Reduction Company, where several  loads of it have recently been delivered  for use in the big -Mumford boiler  lately installed. - If it proves satisfactory for steam purposes, it will no  doubt be used exclusively by the Daly  Reduction Company when their  auxiliary steam plant is working,'and  thereby dispense with the annoyance  and inconvenience of obtaining wood  supply. " -  ,  The Gazette is in receipt from an old  friend, Mr. L. Norris,'of Vernon, of a  very interesting relic of the late South  African republic, in the shape of a  new-looking, bright bronze penny,  with the '.'image and ��������� superscription"  of the late Paul Kruger, and the date  1898. It would scarcely do to bank on  for a "lucky' penny" for Ooni Paul  wound up the game very much out of  luck, but as a memento of the  'Vaulting ambition that overleaps itself  .    'And falls" 1' the other side,  this penny will just fill the bill.  The big new 175 horse power engine  at the power-house is in position and  and steam was turned on'for short  trial runs last week. It is a .Ball high  speed engine manufactured. "at - Erie,  and is a favorite in electric-light plants.  The engine is almost ready to hitch up  to the generator and later on when  the'cable tower is completed it will be  connected with the main shaft in "the  stamp mil and be ready o keep things  moving during any temporary-mishap  to the flume.     ' - '__ .  ��������� At the meeting of the railway committee at Ottawa a bill authorizing the  construction of a railway from Osoyoos  lake to a point near Grand Forks, was  referred to a sub-committee. This is  the Nicola, Kamloops and Similkameen  Coal & Railway company bill which  overrides certain provisions of an act  of the British- Columbia legislature  which is to the effect that" notwithstanding anything in federal legislation the licutenant-governorrin-council  of British Columbia shall have control  of the rates to be charged on the road.  . A petition for road improvement is  in circulation and is being largely signed iii Princeton and Hedley. Among  improvements asked are the reduction  of a grade 3 or i miles west of Princeton, the reduction of a steep grade [  near 5-mile ci>eek and of another grade  about 9 mhes above Hedley. These  should effect a desired improvement  on the road, and the supervisor will no  doubt give the matter attention when  the road work begins for the season.  Mr. Shatford, M. P. P., is making a  hard fight to obtain as large ah appropriation as possible for his district,  and the supervisor can be counted on  to have the money expended to the  best advantage, having regard to the  volume of existing traffic v to be accommodated.  Alnmt the middle of last week  Twenty-Mile creek turned over a new  leaf arid made up its mind that it had  been shirking long enough. The water  began to rise at the rate of about 125  per cent in'two days, and by the end  of tho week it was running the 40  stamps in the mill, chewing, up big  rocks in the.crush.er, hauling ore trains  and saw logs with the electric motors  up at the mine and trying to make itself generally.useful. On Monday'the  big compressor was-hitched on too,  and the Gazette's jobber was printing  statements with it. There are great  things doing when Twenty-Mile quits  loafing.  A Question of Nomenclature.  A reader from���������well, from that  beautiful, stretch of upland prairie  lying between Osoyoos lake and' Rock  creek, writes the Gazette and takes  exception to its .use of the name  Anarchist mountain. He says, "I  object to the term Anarchist* mountain. ' -We've had that tagged on to lis  long, enough.". So does the Gazette  object to it; but .what are you going to  do about it? This fair region-has at>  tabled too great a~ degree 'of importance to go without a name. With its  wide area of well-tilled farms that produce each year large quantities of farm  products in'grain'and stock it deserves  something better ,than the opprobrious  title-which-has been giving it a block  eye for the past 14 years. But it must  have some name, and until the residents there take some definite action  by way. of a disclaimer, and an acceptable substitute, it will always be known  as Anarchist mountain. The postoffice  is. named Sidley, so why .not call it  Sidley. inountah}j-<>r Fertile mountain,  or any other kind of mountain than  that which we have so long been hearing about. The Gazette will be only  too glad to drop the name for something sweeter, saner and better; but  we would like to know what it is to  be. Will the writer who has objected  notonly offer a suggestion,' but take  some step-to have the residents unite  on another name ? * -    -  Get Your Spring Outfit at  SHATFORD'S  "A  WE CAN FIX YOU OUT IN GOOD STYLE  Our Spring Goods are arriving, and we  have already received some very pretty  lines of Men's Shirts,. Underwear,  Hosiery, Etc. Also a Big Range of  Men's Trousers.  Do not fail to see our Clothing Samples, and  leave your order for a suit.  W. T. SHATFORD <& CO.  Hedley, B. C.  The Pioneer Carriage  and  Repair siiop  nEDLEY, -:"-    ������������������     B.6.  Horse-Shoeing and all kinds  of Blacksmithing done.    : ���������:  GEO. H. SPR0UL&,  Proprietor.  WANTED: One.hundred men, at  the NICKEL PLATE barber shop to  take a bath.   '  F. RICHTER & CO.  General Store  KEREMEOS,  E3. CZ������  A Large and Entirely  New Stock of Gen-  eral   Merchandise  Just Opened.  Prices Reasonable.  Subscribe '..  for  the Gazette.  Give Us a Call!  Hedley  Livery,   Feed  and  Sale Stable  Cawston 0 Edmond  (0  B  j  0  I  'cm  PURVEYORS  OF  ALL KINDS  OF  Freslr Meats.  Fisn  Vegetables  AND  2  D  HEDLEY,   -   -   -   B; C.  lONfl HOUSE  HEDLEY,  B. C.  LKAMEEN.  HEDLE"V, B.C.  The  Leading; Hotel of the. Similkameen Valley.  This House is New and First Class in Every Respect,  Being Equipped with all Modern Conveniences���������Electric Light, Telephone, Baths, Etc;        :       :       :       :  Rates TVlocloratex  A. McDermott, Proprietor  Strictly First Class Service.  Special Attention given to  the Travelling Public.  Teaming of all kinds done.  Horses Bought and Sold.  W. R REVELY,  Proprietor.  Fairview's  Leading  Hotel.....  ��������� "S Golden Gate  H, JONES, Proprietor.  W1  \HEN journeying to the  Boundary Country arrange your plans to stop  and rest a while at the  IONA HOUSE, the halfway hotel between Midway  and Sidley. This is where  the stage stops for dinner.  Good Accommodation at  Moderate Rates.'  J. S. McLean. ���������  Proprietor.  0TEL  ED LEY  This house was lately overhauled and enlarged, and  is ; now comfortable and  convenient.  Charges moderate.  F7\IRVIJEW, B. O.  The  Leading  House  ���������   *   ���������  Best Only Provided for Table  I   . and Bar.  IN. J. Henflerson,f roD. About the     ������  ���������...House  *  A,  I  SELECTED  RECIPES.  SOUPS.  It .will be understood that the  foundation of cafifr of these soup  recipes is a quart can of the ' best  soup of which you have any knowledge.   These vary in,excellence.  Chicken Soup.���������This makes a deli-  cloys bisque, when a cupful of cold  yonl cr a can of chicken, chopped, is  stirred in, with a half cupful of dry,  seasoned criiuibs. A finer soup can  be based upon chicken broth by making ^ egg balls, such as are described  in the next recipe, and putting them  into, the boiling broth. Have ready  a cupful of scalding milk, stir in. a  tablcspoonful of butter rolled in ono  of flour, cook one minute, and pour,  a little at a time, upon, two beaten  eggs. Turn into the tureen and add  the soup and balls.  Mock' Turtle Soup.���������Add four hard-  boiled eggs out into eighths, a glass  of claret, the juice of half a lemon,  or a lemon peeled, then sliced thin  -',(this ..-last" to be laid on tho surface]  after the soup is dished), a teacup-  'lul of boiling water and such additional salt and pepper as your taste  adjudges to be needful. If you care  to take the trouble, omit the whites  of the eggs, pound the yolks into a  paste, work in melted butter, a j  pinch of mustard, pepper and salt,  and bind with the yolk of a raw egg.  Flour your hands, make the paste  into small balls and drop into the  boiling soup. Simmer three minutes after they go in.  Piquante Tomato Soup.���������The basse  of this is mulligatawny soup. Drain  a cupful of Juice from a can of tomatoes, 'strain .through cheesecloth,  put over the fire and boil fast ten  minutes. Skim, add a tablcspoonful  of butter rolled in browned flour,  and when tlie soup has boiled stir  this irito it. After this drop .in a  hard-boiled egg or egg balls and  sliced   lemon.  Consomme Bisque.���������Heat the consomme to boiling, mince a can of  boned chicken~.very fine, add a small  cupful of breadcrumbs, season with  paprika and salt, a little onion  juice and finely minced parsley. Stir  to a boil before adding half a    cup-  three-quarters of an hour after It  reaches the boil. Rub through a colander into a saucepan, add salt,  pepper, three tablcspoonfuls of butter  rolled in as much flour and a tablcspoonful of chopped parsley. Heat  in another vessel a pint of milk, and  when the corn mixture has simmered  five .minutes longer, turn first one,  then the other,' into the tureen; stir  well and serve. This soup is especially nice if veal or chicken stock bo  substituted for boiling water.  Creamed Tomato Soup.���������Put a cupful of (aired) tomatoes into a sauce-  pah with half a small onion chopped  fine and cook half an hour after the  boil begins. Strain and rub through  a colander and return to the fire.  Season with pepper," salt and a teaspoonful of white sugar. Stir in by  degrees two', tablcspoonfuls of butter, .cut up and rubbed, into two  tablespoonfuls of flour. Have rea'dy  in: another saucepan ; a pint of  boiling milk, in which has been dissolved a bit of soda not larger than  a pea. Let the soup simmer for  three minutes after butter and flour  go in, stirring well and often; pour  into a tureen, add the boiling milk,  mix well and send to table. If milk  and tomatoes are boiled together,  they will form a curdled compound  in  spite  of  the soda.  ful of cream heated (with a pinch of  soda) and a big spoonful of butter  rolled in flour. Boil one minute and  serve. An egg well beaten, stirred in  at the last, is an improvement.  For Useful Consomme.���������Consomme,  unless unusually strong and savory,  is a poor thing when served alone. It  may be. made the base of several  different soups, such as tomato, julienne, rice broth; tapioca, sage,  barley, potato, turnip, etc:, each' of.  which will repay you for the additional  trouble it costs you.  Pea Puree.���������rGanned peas should always be drained and left to lie in  very cold water, slightly salt, for  half an hour before they are cooked.  This takes away tho smoky flavor  which people are apt to consider inseparable from American peas. Tliese,  by the way, are as good for soup as  the French, which are double the  price. Put the drained peas through  your vegetable press, .then proceed as  with the corn puree.  Canned Corn Puree.���������Chop the corn  very fine,  add a scant quart of boil-  ��������� ing      water   and    a   teaspoonful     of  minced    onion.     Stew  steadier      for  THIN  Food is not all that thin  people need. Maybe they're  sick. You can't make them  eat by bringing them food.  But Scott's Emulsion can  make them eat. That Emulsion gives a man appetite  and feeds him both. It brings  back lost flesh.  No trouble about digestion. The weakest stomach  can digest  Scott's Emulsion,  It tastes good, too. Scott's  Emulsion paves the way for  other food. When wasted  and weakened by long illness  it gives strength and appetite that ordinary food cannot give. Not only foodU���������  medicine too���������Scott's Emulsion of pure cod-liver oil.  We'll surf r������'*a '"tieto tfylf y������u like-  6COTT& BOWNE, Toronto, Ont.  HOUSEHOLD   HINTS.  Never sprinkle salt over fruit  stains on table linen. It does no  good and is mussy, The stains may  be removed by pouring hot' water  through them before the linen goes  into  the soap  suds.  If the dining-room table has been  used for ping-pong to the detriment  of the table, it may be improved by  repeated polishing with soft cloths  and linseed oil. 'No prepared polish  is equal to this simple one.  Bureau drawers that are new and  consequently stiff to draw out, may  be made to r.un smoothly by rubbing the edges with soap. If the  wood is green when they are made,  they may have to be planed down,  but ordinarily the former treatment  I will make them all right.  ���������When paper cannot be retained: on  a wall by reason of dampness, make  a coating of the following ingredients: A quarter of a pound of shellac, and a quart of naphtha. Brush  the wall thoroughly with the mixture, and allow it to dry perfectly,-  and you will find this process will  render the wall impervious to moisture and the paper in no danger of  being loosened.  Bamboo furniture, as well as wil-  J low and rattan, should be cleaned by  scrubbing with salt and water. . Use  a small brush for the purpose. i  If     the  hands     are  well  powdered]  with  talcum before  putting ;on    kid  gloves in summer, there will bo little  danger of the gloves being ruined   by  perspiration.  Choice figs are sold hi little round  baskets of coiled straw, fcho cotton  cover being stitched:"on:"-'-'The ��������� .figs  are worth buying, and the-basket is  worth saving. '-Lined:with silk and  with a .loose silk bag attached, t'ney  make work or embroidery baskets  quite  out  of the Common.  Coffee extract, for use in cake, jellies, etc., is made as follows: Beat  one egg in one cup of cold water.  Add one cup of ground coffee and  mix well. Put into four cups of  boiling water, boil five minutes and  let  drip  through  a  jelly bag.  A pudding, whether steamed in a  mould or boiled in a bag, must not  cease boiling, not even for a minute, or it will certainly be sticky.  Keep the water boiling and if more  is needed as it boils away, see that  what is used to replenish it is boiling.  A correspondent says that white  furs can be beautifully cleaned by  care-fully rubbing dry plaster of  Paris into the fur with the hands  until every part has been cleaned.  Shake the fur until all the plaster���������  which is ground fine like flour���������is  shaken out. Wipe over the fur with  a clean white dry cloth and it will  look like new. Corn meal heated in  the oven is satisfactorily used for  the same purpose.  It is said a loaf of wedding cake  was once kept six years without any  appreciable 'diminution of its '"flavor.  It was packed in a tin box with an  inch of granulated sugar all around  it. The box was then wrapped hi  strong paper and kept in the attic.  A use for the tops of old ������olf  stockings is to cut them over into)  roomy mittens, which are very convenient to slip on when making fires,  cleaning  walks,   etc.  little insect is that little that it  hardly seems possible that he could  do much harm, but he( is more destructive ������han all other insects combined. He delights in the hot, . dry  atmosphere which characterizes the  modern livihgroom. Moisture he  does not like, hence the value of tho  shower-bath ,, in waging warfare  against him. Always keep water  evaporating in the room. Use the  hand-atomizer on your plants daily.  Depend entirely upon moisture"**-in  lighting this pest. Tobacco teas and  insecticides of all kinds arc useless  only iu so far. as they impart the  moisture, which is more satisfactory  if obtained from clear water. If it is  not convenient to shower your  plants,  djp  them in  tubs of water.  Ceylon Tea is not only a ftimulating beverage bill  highly nourishing to those of weak digestion.  Sold only in sealed lead packets. By all grocers.  Given the gold medal and highest award at  St. Louis.  ���������:". LA GRIPPE'S RAVAGES.  The Victims Left Weak,  Nerveless  and a .Prey to Deadly Diseases.  "La gi'oppe, or influenza, which  sweeps over Canada every winter, is  probably the most treacherous disease known to medical science. The  attack may last only a few days, but  the dead ly poison in the blood remains. , You are left with- hardly  strength enough to ' walk. Your  lungs, your chest, jour heart and  nerves are permanently weakened,  and you fail a victim to deadly  pneumonia, bronchitis, consumption,  rheumatism; or racking kidney troubles. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills never  fail to cure the disastrous after effects of la grippe'because they purify  the blood and sweep away its poisonous germs. Every dose makes  new, warm, rich blood -.which; brings  health and healing to every part of  the body. This is proved in the case  of Miss Dorsina Langlois, of St. Jerome, Que., who says: "I had a severe  attack of la grippe, the after effects  of which leffe mc racked with pains  in every part of my. body. My appetite completely failed me; I had  severe headaches, was subject to  colds with the least exposure, and  grow so weak that I was unable to  work at my trade as dressmaker. I  tried several medicines without the  slightest success until a drug clerk  advised me to take Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills. If. acted upon his: excellent advice and the pills rapidly and  completely cured me. My strength  returned, the headaches and cough  disappeared, and I am again enjoying my old-time health. 1 am satisfied that if sufferers from la grippe  will use Dr. Williams'��������� Pink Pills  they will speedily recover from those  after effects which makes ..the lives of  so many people a burden."  Dr. Williams' Pink Pills cure , all  the common ailments due to weak  and watery blood, such as anaemia,  headaches, sideaches, indigestion,  neuralgia, rheumatism, sciatica.,, nervousness, general weakness and tho  special ailments that growing girls  and women do not like to talk about  even to.their doctors. But only the  'genuine pills' can' do this, and you  should see- that the full name "Dr.  Williams" Pink Pills for Pale People, " is printed on the wrapper  around each box; If you cannot get  the genuine pills from your druggists  send direct to ��������� the Dr. Williams'  Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont., and  they will be mailed-50. cents a box  or six boxes for $2.50.  Tho beer was first brewed at the  royal palace in September, 1589,  from a recipe given to the l'eigning  king by - the fumous brewer Degcn-  berg. This recipe is a most jealously guarded secret, and the famous  beer is made in precisely the same  way and at the same place to-day as  three centuries.ago.  TWO  ABE. SPECULATORS.  The king of Denmark and Prince  George of Greece arc both fortunate  speculators, and have participated  through their agents in many large  financial operations. The most notable speculation was t;h'at of 1876-  1877. The southern ports of Russia  in connection with th������ war with  Turkey, had been closed. The result was that the supply of grain  "rom southern Russia was cut off.  The king of Denmark carried out a  huge deal in American grain, forced  a' corner, and netted several thousand pounds.  Francis Joseph of'Austria is not  only an emperor but a keen business  man . as well. As a member of the  royal family ho has innumerable  privileges, one of which is immunity  from jurisdiction. As this, however,  would give him an, undue advantagb  over the commercial layman, Kb  transacts his business under a pseudonym.  This action once led to' a curious  result. The emperor had established  a large brandy distillery, and in due  courso ^applied for his license. His  royal, identity was known, and tho  application was refused, as he had  failed to comply with the law's requirements by applying in his own  name. The emperor appealed against  this decision, at the s^ime time explaining that he could not fulfill tho  strict letter of the law, as he was a  member of the reigning family, and;  as such, had ho family name.' His  explanation     was  allowed,  and    the  that the bird, without its accustomed ballast, did not know how to  fly. With every effort it tumbled  head over heels, and learned ,������' the  natural mode only after iong trying.  The, fate of a "balled" partridge  which is not rescued-by some'kindly  hand is a cruel one. Pay by day the  burden grows heavier, and the more  the chick scrambles after its companions the larger its burden becomes. Finally, it is no longer possible to move at all, and then the  thing can but give up and die.  Naturalists say that this balling  of birds is one of nature's provisions  for scattering seeds. Jt is easy to  demonstrate ��������� this, - and the "answer  comes true." One experimenter scattered the earth, from a three ounce  ball over the top of a pan of ordinary dirt, which had been baked to  destroy the seeds in it. Ten plants  sprang up In due time, and developed into seven varieties.  DRUGGING  CHILDREN.  The mother who gives her little  one "soothing" . stuff when it cries  surely-docs not realize that she is  simply drugging it into temporary,  insensibility with a poisonous opiate. But that is just what "she is  doing.. All the so-called "soothing" medicines contain poisonous  opiates; they are all harmful���������some  of them dangerous, an!d should -never  be given to children. Baby's Own  Tablets arc sold under a' positive  guarantee that they contain no opiate or harmful drug. The Tablets  speedily euro all stomach . troubles,  constipation, diarrhoea, anid simple  fevers; they break up colds, prevent  croup; eas.c ,'the pain of teething, and  give healthy, natural sleep. When  little oiics are cross,��������������������������� peevish and  ailing, give   them BaJby's Own Tab-  emperor has one of -the largest    and j lots," and   you ' will .'. find there's- a  most successful brandy distilleries in]smile    in every dose.    You can get  Austria  "BALLED" PARTRIDGES.  Peculiar Misfortune to the Young  Birds in England.'  In certain districts where ,the soil  is'exactly right (or rather-exactly  wrong)     the    partridges so carefully j  the Tablets from any medicine dealer or by mail at 25 cents a box by  writing the Dr. Williams' Medicine  Co.,  Brockville,  Ont. .   ���������  ROYAL' TRADESMEN.  Sovereigns     Display     Ability  Handling Private Fortunes.  m  CARE  OF  PALMS.  Palms, says a writer, are a pretty  house plant, but it is not every one  who can grow them successfully. The  palm likes a moderately rich soil,  and he mixes bone meal with garden  loam as a fertilizer, lie recommends  placing a brick, or something of the.  kind, in the jardiniere for the pot to  stand on. Sunshine is not necessary  to the welfare of the palm, but  morning sunshine will not harm it  in the least. When the surface of tho  soil is dry give water, enoug-h to  thoroughly saturate all the soil in  the pot; then wait until it looks dry  again,  before giving more.  Palms should be showered at least  once a Week. It is a good plan to  take thetn into the bathroom, lay  them on their side, and spray them  so thoroughoughly. that every portion is wahed as if they were exposed to a summer shower. This keeps  the dust from accumulating on them  to close the pores of the leaves, thus:  interfering with their breathing as  well as making them unsightly.  The decision of tho emperor of Germany that his three younger sons  shi-11 undergo a thorough course of  commercial training, so that they  may be bettor fitted to cope with  the stress of industrial competition,  recalls instances of other living  mouarchs who not only govern the  destinies of their kingdoms but are  captains  of  industries  as  well.  It would go hard with the india  rubber trade of tho world if King  Leopold of Belgium refused to supply any more rubber, since he has  practically a monopoly of this important commercial product. Rubber cultivation constitutes the staple  industry of his colossal private estate in the Congo. J-f'c has sunk hundreds of thousands of pounds in this  enterprise, with tho result that now  ho governs the world's supply, and  is not only tho king of the Belgians,  but the "india rubber king" as well.  BUILDER AND BREWER.  When King Oscar of Sweden came  to the throne ho boasted no privato  fortune, for his predecessor Had willed his money to another member of  the family. Yet to-day King Oscar  is one of the world's wealthiest mouarchs. And it has all been made out  of real estate. I-Io has made it a  practice to purchase tho clingy, out  of the way slums of the capital city  at a nominal price. The decrepit  houses have then been swept away  and in their places have risen palatial business dwellings and residences  and open spaces, which then realized  vast   sums. Stockholm    owes  no  small part of i.ts mBt^mOccncc and  beaut.-; *.o the enterprise and building speculations of its king. The  sovereign is also deeply interested  in the brewery trade of the country,  his greatest entei-pri.se in this direction being the St. Eric brewery,  with which he i.s intimately connected. Hotel development is another  branch of his commercial interests,  as. the Grand hotel at .-Stockholm  adequately  testifies.  The royal family of Bavaria are  probably the most renowned brewers  in the world. Every visitor to Munich knows tho dingy, ancient tavern  from which mugs of the famous beer  A PASSIONATE SCENE.  Her eyes were wild; her.hair was  in 'disorder; her face was flushed;  her bands were clenched;  she was a  preserved  in  England   are  likely     to  deeply  injured     antd  desperate     wo-  be attacked by a peculiar misfortune; man.  known as "balling." The word  means simply that a partridge hatched out on a clay soil in wet weather may find mud adhering to its  feet as it struggles along after. the  mother bird.  This is a small beginning; but the  chances are that the earth accumulates.. Sometimes, indeed, the. soil  attached to the foot, of a little partridge will increase from a mere'  speck to a weight of several ounces.  A writer in Badminton says that the  heaviest ball he ever knew weighed  four ounces, and the bird which carried it was only half its proper size,  although the rest of the covey were  full grown. The little creature could  only move along in a kind of    flying  scramble, dragging the ball on'the}a supreme effort she had pulled off  ground. her new shoe.  The clay was baked as hard as    a J  ���������  brick, so that it was no easy matter] Thero are 190,227 professional  to remove it. Finally it was soak- beggars in Spain, of whom 51,9-18  ed  off,   and  then  it became apparent  are women.  "Oh, cruel one," she cried, in anguished tones, "I have borne with  you too long-; you have injured, you  have tortured me, and yet I could,  not bear to give you.up. Wtien first  we met, how .your ease anid polish  attracted me; when you became .my  own, how my friends envied me. But  your understanding is too small for  my large soul; you are opposod to  my ah-vememg myself; you have ruined my standing in society. If we  had never met I might have walked  in peace. So, now, begone. Wo  part for ever."  There .wns a moment's convulsive  breathing, a gritting of teeth, and a  sharp  sigh.      It  was  all  over.     By  ale Face, Wea  You Can Mako tho Blood Rich, the System Strong,the Complexion  Healthful by Using  DR.   CHASE'S   NERVE   FOOD.  getting  Why do some people have healthful, rosy complexions while others  arc pale and  wan in countenance"?  Why aro, some people strong anid  able to defy disease while others are  weak and subject to all the ills of  human kind?  The difference is in the blood. Pallor of the oyelids, gums and lips  tell of blood that is lacking in -quality  an'd  richness.  The person who has poor blood is  subject to headache,* dizziness,  sleeplessness; the action of tho heart  is weak t*������nd thero i.s sometimes palpitation; the breath is short, and  there is lack of energy and strength.  This weak, anaemic condition i.s  entirely overcome by the persistent  uso of Dr. Chase's Nerve Foo\l.  which is abo'-ro all else a builder aivd  enricher of tho blood.  You can best prove this by notinig  your increase in weight from week  to week, while using this great food  euro.  New, rich flesh awl tissue are added,   new strength a rod vigor take .the  place of  weakness-and .sufTt'.riing, and  are obtained to-day in the same man- | instead of taking cold or contract.:->i (  It  ������d spider down. This! acr as it was over  300  years  ago.' disease at every gust of wind     that ! every  box.  blows    you     find    yourself  strong and robust.  Mrs1. M. A. Clock, "Mcaford, Ont.,  writes:���������"Three years ago I became  very mjuch run down iu health and  suffered from week, tired feelings,  indigestion     amd   rheumatism. At  times I was so badly used up that  I required help to move in bed.  While sick and downhearted I received Dr. Chase's Almanac and ,  sent for some of Dr. Chase's Nervo  Food.  "Under this treatment I soon bo-  g-an to improve, and by the time f  had used eleven boxes of Dr. Chase's  Nervo Food I was happy to fhu.i myself strong and well again. I often  think of what a lot of money I  spent for medicines which did mo.  no good, and believe I owe my life  to Dr. Chase's Nerve Food. I hope  women who suffer ns I did will benefit by my experience amd use Dr.  Chase's Nerve Food."  Dr. Chase's Nerve Food, 50 cents,  at all dealers, or Ednvaiisom, Bate"  & Co., Toronto. Portrait n.n'd signature of Dr. A. W. Chase, the famous    receipt   book    author,     are ������m BLONDES ARE WEAKLINGS.  More    Physical Vigor  Usually Belongs to Dark-haired.  Same remarkable conclusions upon  the disease-resisting qualities of  light and dark haired people have  been arrived at by Dr. F.C. Sbrub-  sa.ll, assistant medica? officer at the  Bronnpton .Hospital for Consumption. These conclusions ��������� are based  upon figures Dr. Shruibsall has gathered with the object of discovering  how far the population of London  ... is- influenced Jjy.-.city life... _*.;i .. ,  v' In the' British Medical ��������� Journal he  states that his observations have  .'~^;includejdUl;378 hospital patientsawd  846 visitors, as well as several thousand, children. _.;- .,...  ../.Generally'.speaking he finds that  brunettes are stronger than blondes.  His figures -show that:  i With each successive generation of  city life the fair element sends an  undue proportion of its members to  the hospitals.  Child patients are markedly..fairer  than the children in the districts  around the. hospitals.  In tho earlier years of child-life  blondes are about as numerous as  brunettes, but Dr. Shrubsall shows  that disease during childhood falls  unduly heavily on the blondes.  Throughout life, blonde people are  more prone to fall victims to disease than- brunettes, and this leaids  "Dr. Shrubsall to a further conclusion:  That diminution of stature and increase, of brunette traits are almost  certainly progressive with increased  heredity of an urban environment.  The ^conclusion is based upon the  principle of the survival of the fittest. The unhealthy conditions of  city life���������long hours, hurried meals,  and insufficient ventilation���������while  stunting the growth of all, tell more  severely upon blondes, with the re-  -' suit that there- is ;a-predominance- of  the brunette type.  Diner���������'-'How comes thlB dead fly  in, my soup?" Waiter���������-'-'In fact,  sir, I have no positive idea how the  poor thing eame by its death. Perhaps it had riot' taken any food for  a long time, dashed upon the soup,  ate too much of it, and contracted  an iriflamnnation of the stomach that  brought on death. The fly must  have" had a weak constitution,-- for  when I served up the soup it was  dancing merrily on the surface. Perhaps*���������and the idea presents itself  only at this moment"���������it endeavored  to swallow too large a piece of.vdjro-  toible; this, remaining fast, in the  throat, caused a choking in tho  windpipe. These are the only reasons I can give for the death of that-  insect."   ���������   LIFE ON THE RAIL  IS A HARD ONE  C.  P.  R.  ENGINEER'S EXPERIENCE   WITH    DODD'S  KIDNEY PILLS.  They Brought  Back His  Strength  When He Could Neither Rest nor  i Sleep.   -,'"   '*A"i    .-���������'��������� ���������-���������--   _���������-���������-.  Winnipeg, Man., Feb. 13��������� (Special)  ���������Mr*.- Ben' Rafterty,'*"the well-known  C. P. R. engineer," whose home is at  1,75-Maple Street,'is one Winnipeg  man who swears by Dodd's Kidney  Pills...  "Long hours , on the engine and  the mental strain broke down my  constitution," Mr. Rafferty says.  "My back gave out entirely. Terrible  sharp, cutting pains followed one  another, till I felt I was being sliced  away piecemeal. I would come in  tired1 to death from a run. My sole  desire would' be to get rest and  sleep," and they were the very things  I could not get. Finally I had to  lay off work.  "Then I started to take Dodd's  Kidney Pills, and the first night  after using them I slept' soundly. In  three days I threw; away -the belt I  PDI       S.PP������(I     'BJ.VHK   JOJ   U.IOAV   8A*Bq  ney Pills cured me."  What shrunk your woolens ?  Why did holes wear so soon ?  You   used, common   soap.  REDUCE  EXPENSE.  Aak for the Octagon liar-  our American formulas, consequently the bakery and confectionery  shops are few and far between. Like  all other stores in China, they are  open in front, with no partition to  protect thorn from the heat or cold  or the dust of the streets.. Wooden  shutters are used to close them up  at night. One finds practically tho  same wares- at the bakers' as the  bread peddlers offer for sale. Among  them is one special kind of cake hav-"  trig the figure of a, hare imprinted  on it, whioh is eaten by the Chinese  in honor of the birthday of .the  moon. As soon as the festivities  celebrating this anniversary are  over the cakes are with/drawn from  sale and are not again displayed until' the next .moon ^'birthday,- which  corresponds in season to our" Easter.  BREAD PEDDLERS IN CHINA.  "There's nothing in the world that  quite satisfies Bingle." "Yes, there  is."    "What is  it.   "Bingle.'-'  A FELLOW FEELING.  Why  She    Felt  .Lenient  the Drunkard.  Towards  A great deal depends on the. point  of view. A good temperance, wo-  _mau was led, in a very, peculiar, way,  to revise her somewhat harsh judgment of the poor devil who cannot  resist his cups and sho is now the  more charitable.. She writes:���������  ��������� "For many years I was a great  sufferer from asthma. Finally my  health got so poor that I found I  could not lie down, but walked the  floor whilst others slept. I got  so nervous I could not rest anywhere.  "Specialists told me I must give  up the use of coffee���������the main thing  that I always thought. gave me  some relief. I consulted our family  physician, and he, being a coffee  fiend himself told me to pay no attention to their advice. Coffee had  such, a charm for mc that in passing  a restaurant and getting a whiff of  the fragrance I could not resist a  cup. I felt very lenient towards  tlvi drunkard who could not pass  tho smloon. Friends often urged mc  to try Postum, but I turned a deaf  ear, saying 'That may do for people to whom coffee is harmful, but  not for mc���������coffee and I will never  part.'  "At last, however, I bought a  peckage of Postum, although I was  sure I could not drink it. T prepared it as directed, and served it  for breakfast. Well, bitter as I  was against it, I must say that  never before had������J tasted a more  delicious cup of coffee! From that  day to this (more than 2 years) I  have never had a desire for the old  coffee. My health soon returned;  the asthma' disappeared, I began  to sleep well and in a short time I  gained  20  pounds in  weight.  "One day I handed my physician  the tablets he had prescribed for  me, telling him I had no use for  them. He stajrecl for dinner. When  I passed him his coffee cup he remarked 'I am glad to see yon were  sensible enough not to let yourself  be persuaded that coffee was harmful. This, is the best cup of coffee  I ever drank,' he co-ntimucd; 'the  trouble is so few people know how  to make good coffee.'- "When he got  his second cup I told him he was  drinking Postum. He was incredulous, but I convinced him, and now  he Vises nothing but Postum in his  home and has greatly improved in  health." Name given by Postum  Co..   Rattle  Creek,   Mich.  Look i^ each package for the famous littlo book "Tho Road to Well-  ville." ��������� '  They Frequently Dispose of Their  Wares by Raffle.  Among the (many curious sights in  China, none presents a stranger aspect than the bread peddlers and  their methods of disposing of their  wares, says a writer in the Living  Church. They carry their stock' in  trade about with them, either in  oval boxes strapped to their backs,  or in two boxes depending from a  yoke across. the shoulders, or on  trays held by a strap hung from the  neck and. carried in front of them,  after the manner in which the pie  man of Simple Simon fame is invariably pictured by all orthodox illustrators of Mother Goose.  In the city of Tientsin these  street vemdors offer three different  kinds of bread for sale. Two- of j  these are twisted in oval shape, and  the third is a thin, crisp cake sprinkled with seeds of sesame, that magic  word which at once recalls to our  minds the wonderful tale of Ali Ba'ba  and the forty thieves. How little we  ever dreamed, when we listened,  spellbound, in our childhood - days  to the thrilling account of All Ba-  ba's adventures, that we should ever'  behold,'far less taste,'the fateful sesame, the name of which proved so  illusive to our hero at the cruical  moment when he was confronted by  the rock of difficulty. But the peddler's bread is riot more curious  than his method of selling it, for  it is frequently disposed of by raffle,  for which purpose he carries three  dice,  held in a little dish.  In Pekin, the capital of the Celestial Empire, the bread peddlers generally come from the province, mostly .from Shantung. They are called  po-po sellers.     Their street cry,  "Yaochin-mantoa?"  ".Can I sell you a pound of bJ-ead1?"  is often heard until late in the evening,  flour  tinguished from another kind which  is baked in hot pans. They also  sell several varieties of po-po, baked  goods, a special favorite with the  Chinese being an oval oil cake made  of the very best flour, usually eaten  with pork,  sausage or liver.  Tho Mohammedans in China have  a reputation for good bread and  evidently wish to be known aa pure  food advocates, for in order to enable customers to distinguish' their  wares from those of other vendors  they ornament their carts or boxes  with tho Moslem emblem. This consists of a vase containing a branch  of the olive tree, on the top of  which is perched the Mohammedan  cap. On each side of this design is  inscribed the motto. "Pure and true  Islam." These Mohammedan peddlers also sell a kind of pate filled  with a mixture of meat, vegetables,  oil anid sago, Another of their products, which is called "la shouning,  ya chakuei," is a large roasted cake  or dumpling baked in oil. Many of  those Chinese confections are much  more appetizing than one would imagine from the description, but, like  many foreign dishes, the taste for  them must be acquired by cultivation before they can be thoroughly  appreciated.  The average Chinaman eats very  little bread  prepared  according     to  '*���������    ...FORTUNE FROM-TREES.   '-.  :  Orsa/ih Sweden; has in the course  of a . generation' sold $5;750,000  worth of trees.' and by means of judicious ��������� replanting has provided for  a similar income every thirty or  forty years. In conseqpjcncc of the  development ' ot this commercial  wealth there are no taxes. Railways  and telephones are, free, and' so are  the school-houses, teaching, and  many other things.  Millard's Liniment Cures Golds, &c  * Y^g^^ sJL-tc&O gjitrtwd $erlm&L  ^ffiAJt^L Jo -wots 4, Oea/w&ccns  The French Post ��������� Office Department  is now operating twenty motor-car  postal routes in various parts ~of the  country.   *  Minard'sLiniment Cures Garget in Cows  At least 4.0 per cent, of the people  of London aro attendants at public  worship.  H.B������  BRAND'  WARNING.  TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN: Wo are the  sole owners and licensees of all patents and  rights on.  The World Famous  TUBULAR CREAM SEPARATOR  In violation of our Canadian Patents, an Imitating cream  separator ~called thc'-"Uneeda" has in some localities been offered for sale , and suits at 1 aw . are- now pending , against the  manufacturers- thereof. Under the law'a USER of these 'in-'  fringing machines' is also liable for- all" damages resulting to the  patentee through his use thereof. We hereby inform you that  in buying or using one of these so-called "UNEEDA." separators you not only get a very inferior separator, incapable of  giving you such results as you should have, but you buy a law  suit with all its expensive attendants," and with every likelihood  of losing the machine you have bought, and a verdict of heavy  damages against you.  That you   may  be  fully  informed.on  subject before becoming: involved write to  the  P. IK. Sharpies, West Chester, Pa., U.S.A  Inquiries may also be made  from  our  solicitors.  (Hasten, Starr & Spence, Toronto, Can.  Their bread is made of wheat  and  baked  in hot  vapors,   dis-  Made big enough for a big  man to work in with comfort.  Has more material in it than  any other brand-of shirt in  Canada. Made on the  H.B.K. scale it requires $g}4  to 42 yards per dozen, whereas  common shirts have only 32  to 33 yards.  That's the reason why the  H.B.K. "Big" Shirt never  chafes 'the armpits, is never  tight at the neck or wristbands, is always loose, full  and comfortable and wears  well.  Each shirt bears a tiny book  that tells the whole history  of the "Big" Shirt, and  also contains a notarial  declaration that the H.B.K.  "Big" Shirt contains 39}4  to 42 yards of material per  dozen.  Sold at all dealers but only  with this brand:���������  "Sir," said the seedy man, ad- ILf",  dressing a prosperous-looking passer-' - ���������*���������  by, :"would you kindly favor a  worthy;' 'but; unfortunate fellow-man  with a few pence?" "What is your  occupation?" asked the other, as he  put his hand in his pocket. "Sir,"  replied the victim of hard luck, as he  held: up a tattered coat-sleeve arid  smiled grimly, "I've been collecting  rents for some'������������������time past."  MESSRS.  C.  C. RICHARDS & CO.  ! G-cnts,���������After suffering for seven  years with inflaimlmatorv rheumatism  so bad that I was eleven months  confined' to my room, and for two  years could not dress myself without help, your agent gavegmo a bottle of MINARD'S LINIMENT in  May, 1897, and asked me to try it  which I did, and was so well pleased  with; the results, I procured more.  Five bottles completely cured me,  and I have had no return of the  pain for eighteen months. The al'iove  facts arc well known to everybody  in this village and neighborhood.  i Yours   gratefully,  j -     A.  DATRT.  St. Timothoe,  Que., 16th May,  '99.  j Miss Kremcy���������"Have you Moore's  [poems?" Assistant���������"Yes, miss; I'll  'get them for you. By the way,  here's a splendid novel called.'Just  j One Kiss.' " Miss Kremey (coldly)  ,!���������"I want Moore!"  j Lever's Y-Z (Wise Head) Disinfectant Soap Powder is better than  other powders, as it is both soap and  disinfectant.  ANITOBA.       IMPROVED FARM  lands for sale, a.11 located in tha  famous Wawanesa district. The Souris  Valley (vis -the garden of Manitoba and  the"vW"awa.nesa" jbistrict is the 'Garden ot  the Souris Valley. These farms are for  sale j at reasonable prices ; and on. good  terms, all located near markets, schools  and churches. Write for lists and lur-  ther. particulars, to -the' Souris Valley  Land  Company,   Wawariesa,  Manitoba.  FEATHER   DYEING  Cleaning and Ourllor and Kid Glares cleaned   The*  can be Mnt bj port, lo par as. the beat place U  IMTIgH  AMERICAN   DYEING ���������fc  MOHT-Ue-AXb  Army reform in India has occasioned the disappearance of two historic  regiments���������the 65th Carnatic Light  Infantry, which was raised in 1759,  and the Bombay Marine Battalion,  which dates from 1777.  Minar^s Liniment Cures Diphtheria  Stern Father���������What! You got  trusted for that suit of clothes?  When I was a young man I never  bought anything I couldn't pay  cash for. Smart Sow���������Why, dad,  do you mean to say that your credit  was so bad as that?  SIXTY   YEARS.  Soothing   Syrup    has  FOR OVWB.  Mrs. Winslow's  been used by millions of mothers for  their children while teething. It soothes  the child, softens the gums, allays pain,  cures . windcolic, regulates the stomach  and bowels, and is the best remedy for  Diarrhoea. Twenty-five cents a bottle.  Sold by. druggists throughout the  world. Be sure and ask for "Mrs.  Winslow's .Soothing- Syrup." 22���������04  "Jabcz   is getting  used  to    public  spcakin',   ain't  he?"      "Oh,  yes.      I  remember when you  could hardly get  j him to stand up,  an'  now you    can  'hardly get him to sit down."  DB.&W. CHASE'S flljK  CATARRH CURE... fcUC.  is sent direct to (he diseased  parts by the Impro-red Blower.  Heals the uloers, clears tfae.lt  passages, stops droppings In the  throat and permanantly ourea  Catarrh and Hay Fever. Blowef  free. All dealers, or Dr. A. W. Chasa  Madloine Co., Tore* to and Buffalo,  1111(1  HUDSON BAY KNITTING CO.  Montreal        Winnipeg       Dawsoi  "���������Which shall I takd���������the jelly or  the cake?" asked the small boy, who  was making a raid on the pantry.  "The cake, of course," replied his  little sister. "Mice don't eat jelly,  silly, and we couldn't blame it on  them!"  DRINK AND  EYESIGHT.  An American doctor, who has  made a lifelong study of alcoholism,  announces an extraordinary discovery. He finds, after very careful  observation, that imperfect eyesight  amd a craving for stimulants always  go together. He has treated thousands of alcoholics, and he has never  yet found the drunkard who had not  something the matter with his eyes,  or whose vision was normal. Acting  on this discovery, the doctor has directed his attention to the cure of  visual weakness. When he succeeds  in doing this, his patients, wo are  told, find their craving for drink entirely  disappears.  A Woman's Right.���������A.  right  husband,  if she can get ono.  to  Minard's Liniment Cup Distemper  The Vienna police are about to experiment with a phonograph in taking a prisoner's answers to questions  asked in the preliminary examination, so that when the actual trial  takes place there may be no dispute  as to what was said.  The thousands of people who  write to me, saying that  The Lung  Tonic  cured them of chronic coughs,  cannot all be mistaken.   There '  must be some truth in it.  try a bottle for that cough of yours.  Prices: S. C. Weils & Co. 310 '  25c. 50c. $1.   LeRoy,N.Y���������Toronto,Can.  ISSUE NO. 6���������05  -**>. Is  A  Good,  And  Will  Make  Money  Hedley  is the supply point for the Nickel Plate mountain, on which is situated the famous "Nickel  Plate"���������the richest gold mine in Canada���������and many other  promising mines and prospects. It is the mining and business  centre of the  ...PRICE OF LOTS...  Similkameen  the new mining district which has already been proven, by. a  small amount of development work, to be one of, the richest  gold, copper and coal mining sections of .'    .  British Columbia.  HEDLEY is the chief town on the route of the proposed  Coast-Kootenay Railway; and with the advent of. this road,  Avhich is assured in the near future, it will unquestionably  become a large and important city,, and town.lots will brings  big returns on money invested at the present time.  Scott Ave. (main st.)    $400 to $600  Other Streets     $200 to $400.  .... 1 l-4ix''s.d������..<  1-3 Cash; balance in 3 and  6 months, with interest at  the rate of 6 per cent.  For Those Who Invest Now  Purchase a few Lots before the Railway Comes  .���������p������rt������.i- tra*"  IPor Full Peirticuletrs, Meips Etc.,  APPl-Y   TO ���������  The Hedley City  L. W. SHATFORD,  Secretary and flanager,  Co'y, Ltd.  HEDLEY, B.C.  LI VERY, FEED 0 SALE STABLES  ���������ALSO���������  Proprietors���������FAIRVIEW    AND  STAGE   LINE.  PENTICTON  #  Good Horses and Rigs and Careful Drivers,  Teams furnished to do freighting, transferring arid  general teaming, and good saddle  horses always on hand.  Hotel  HEDLEY, B.C.  Grand Union Hotel  HERRING & WINKLER, Props.  Choice   Liquors and  Cigars  always in stock.  Good Table and Comfortable  Rooms.  Careful attention to wants of travelling  pulbllc and regular boarders.  The GRAND UNION is the nearest to the works of the Daly  Reduction Co., which makes it especially suited for regular boarders.  AM. -WHITE HELP.  HEDLEV, b. o.  Mclennan, mcfeely & co.. m.  Vancouver, B. C  Wholesale and Retail  HARDWARE,  STOVES,  SPORTING GOODS.  This'hotels under new management has been  j'e-modelled, arid has ample accommodation for  a large number of people. The table is supplied  with the best in the market. The bar contains  the popular brands of liquors aiid cigars.  J. K. FRASER., Proprietor.  WE MAKE  One Grade Only  AND  THEY STAND THE  Heaviest  Fires.  Never Known to F^ail.  We do not make  Thin Wall Safes.  Try.  Vidoria  Cross  CEYLON TEA.  Pure and  Invigorating.  Mrs. G. B. Loon  DRY GOODS  FANCY GOODS  BOOTS & SHOES  Millinery in Latest Styles  ���������AGENTS FOU���������  MASON <&. RISCH Pianos.  I fl&DL&y,   -   ���������   B. 6.  ALFALFA MEAT  MARKET  Fresh  and  Cured Meats  Wholesale  and  Retail  All Orders Promptly Delivered.  Rates Given to Hotels and  Boarding Houses.  5 Per Cent, off for Cash.  10 "      "    off on Saturdays.  R  . J. Wynne,  MANAGER.  PRINCETON    NOTES..  The road to Nicola is reported in bad  shape. Saturday's stage was four  hours late.    -    . -~        -  Dr. Schon has expressed*"* his intention of moving his family from Greenwood tb'Princetori as soon as the roads  are dry. -v" ,'  W. Brittan was in town from the  United Empire camp. The tunnel is  in 125 feet.  There is a petition in circulation asking the government for an appropriation to reduce some grades r>n the local  roads. There are two grades between  here and Hedley that if cut out, as they  easily might be, would lower the price  of coal to the Hedley people.  What is the matter with the local  retailer of hews ? ��������� He looks as though  he could not help it.  - -'   .'  What's the Matter With a Brass Band?  A movement is * on foot to start a  brass band in Hedley and the" Gazette  hopes to see citizens take hold ~of .the  matter in right good earnest. There  are a number of old players in town '  and these'with a few willing and apt'  recruits should soon put ,us" in possession of a musical organization .which-  could fill the air with dulcet strains to  enliven tho long summer evenings.  Of course, there is always that little  matter of funds. ��������� And what of it ? It  is only. a, few. weeks ago that the  bachelors.raised over-$300 in two or  three hours for their ball. Well; that's ���������  all gone now. There is nothing left to  show for it; not even a headache nor a  stiffness in the joints, for that's gone  too. Why not take hold of- this matter of a brass band in the' same way,  and at-the end of three or four week's'  instead of thert\ being nothing left of,  a material character to show for it,  there will be a decided-acquisition-to  the town iu the shape of a brass band.  Hereds a chance for Hedley to make  a record for itself. A brass band in  two hours; hear how that would sound  onthe, outside. And it can be done as  easily as the other was, if ouv townspeople would only think so. It's a  poor town that can't have a brass  band.  NOTICE.  W.  J. HENDERSON, of  the  Commercial  Hotel, Hedley, intends to apply to the  Licence Commissioners for the Nicola District  for permission to transfer his hotel licence to  J. K. Fraser.  Dated at Hodlcy, February 22nd, 1905.  6-4 W. J. HENDERSON.  NOTICE.  DG. HACKNEY, of tho Hotel Hedley, at  ���������   Hedley, intend* to apply to the Licence  Commissioners for the Nicola District for permission to transfer his hotel licence to W. J.  Henderson.  Dated at Hedley. March 1st 1905  7-1 D. G. HACKNEY  NOTICE.  Certificate of Improvements.  STEMWINDER AND CHARTER OAK Min-  , eral Claims, situate in the Osoyoos Mining  Division of Yale District.    Where located :  Camp Hcdloy.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Charles dcB. Green as  agent for M. K. Rodgcrs, free miner's  certificate No. B85320 and for George H. Cahill,  F. M. C. No. B78915, intend, sixty days from  the date hereof, to apply to tho Mining Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the a-  bovo claims. ���������  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 23rd day of December, 1904.  1-3 O. dcB. GREEN.  NOTICE.  Certificate of Improvements.  LORENIA. LION'S PAW. RENO. CANADIAN BELL, COPPER WORLD FRACTION and MIDNIGHT SUN Mineral  Claims, situate in the Osoyoos Mining  Division of Yale District. Whero located:  In Camp Hedley.  free miner's certificate No. B62035, intend, sixty  days from date hereof, to apply to the Mining-  Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claims.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 20th day of January, A. D., 1905.  2-8 FRANCIS W. GROVES.  NOTICE.  Af\ DAYS from tho date hereof 1 intend to  'uv apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands.  and Works for permission to purchase 1(50 acres.  of land, being the S..E. i of section 5, township-  51, Osoyoos District.  Dated the 18th day of February, 1903.  6-1 HUGH LEIR.  NOTICE.  Certificate of 'Improvements.  SATURDAY Mineral  Claim,  situate in the-  Osoyoos Mluing Division of Yale District.  Where locatod:   Camp Hedley.  TAKE NOTICE that I, H. A. Whittana. free  * minor s certificate No. B78928, intend, sixty  days from the date hereof, to apply to tho Mining Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements -  for the pxirposo ot obtaining a Crown Grant of  tho abovo claim.  And further take notice that action, under -  section 37, must bo commenced before tho issuance of such Certificate of Improvements,  Dated this 30th day of January, A. D. 1905.  3-8 H. A. WHILLANS..

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