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The Hedley Gazette Jun 22, 1916

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 Ve Aas&  ���������^    *  "ir      -I     J'*  ...3t'*/7->-^  83  .<   ***. '  10 u  - *2-r.3'-\  *-^L^  '*-$������$.  ���������:st<"h  rOLUME XII.      Number 23.  HEDLEY, B.C., THURSDAY, JUNE 22,  1916.  ������������������*>  7<m^q^ji\,^$2^6o, In Advance'  JflS: GLflRKE  U/atc h m aker  -    HEDLE'V*', B.C.  (looks and Watches lor Sale.  KEREMEOS ITEMS.  aVel by Auto..0  tall up Phone No. 12  lood stock of Horses and Rigs on  land.   11 Orders for Teaming  promptly attended to.  fcV O O D   FOR   SALE!  ry,  112.  PftLftGB  Feed & Sale  ��������� HKDLEY   B. C.  D. J. INNIS  Stables  Proprieto'  [>MPS   N '- FIIONR SKVMOUK 5013  , WESTKRN CANADA  lmell Laird & Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturers  Sheffield, Eng.  bs and Warehouse, 847-63 Beatty Street  Vancouver, B. C.  A. F. & A. M.      .  REGULAR monthly meetings of  Hedley Lodgo No. 13, A. F. & A. M.,  aro held on the second Friday 'in  Jonthin Fraternity hall, Hedley. Visiting  en are cordially invited to attend. ���������  PPRQUL.B,  W. M  , E. HAMILTON  Secretary  L. O. L.  . The Rearular    meetings of  Hedley Lodge 1744 are held on  the  first and third Monday in  every month in tho Orange Hall  Ladies meet 2nd and 1 Mondays  ig brethem aro cordially invited  "WV LONSDALE, W. M.  H. K. HANSON, Sec't.  F������. BROWN  "British Columbia Land Surveyor  Iu No. 27  P. O. Dkaivkb 160  iNTICTON,  B. C,  P. W. GREGORY  fc'lVIL  ENGINEER .and BRITISH  COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building  Princeton  PER CLAYTON  C.   E.   HASKlNR  mytor & tmsKiNS  Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.  MONEY TO LOAN  [PENTICTON,  B. C.  idleij Opera House  ft. I. JONES, Jftanaoer  [large,  commodious 'hall for  jiees or other entertainment.  Ho te I  i-^'j'-t^'afcfc^fcfcfcfcwfc"******'**  t*W  x  rand Union |  -X  X  X  ���������*  IEDLEY,  British Columbia |  o*������  .-. X  ���������   ,      ,    X  ��������� : ��������� X  ��������������������������� X  fcites���������$1.50 aDay and Up X  X  '���������*  jar Stocked with Best Brands j������  -���������Irst-Class Accommodation.  X  %  %  %  S  of Liquor and Cigars  WINKLER,     Proprietor.  ������  HEDLEY MEAT  MARKET  B   H   B  All kinds of fresh and  cured meats always on  hand. Fresh Fish on  sale   every   Thursday.  [r. J. EDMOND, Prop.  &T  NORTHERN  HOTEL  ���������     HEDLEY B.C.  id table the Best.   Rates Moderate  First Class Accommodation  N JACKSON, Proprietor  Mr. Albert Mattice lost a valuable horse last week.    .  O. H. Carle was a bustness  visitor to Hedley last week.  Mr. and.,Mrs. G. S. London of  Olalla were in town on Saturday- ������\S'  **"t���������  Remember the strawberry  and ice cream social in the park  June 23rd.  Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Daly  spent the week end visiting at  the Willows.  Mr. Chas. "Wilson was in town  on Thursday, buying cattle for  P. Eurns & Co. ,   :������������������  Mori is Daly was a -business  visitor to .Princeton between  trains last week.  Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Armstrong  and Miss Wordon returned from  the coast on Saturday's-train.  Harry Armstrong of Vancouver-is here on a visit with his  parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Armstrong.  Mrs. McKeown and children  spent Sunday in Keremeos the  guests of Mrs. J. Innis and  daughter,  Miss Sinclair, who has baen  visiting Mrs. Newton for the  past three months, left for her  home in Winnipeg last Aveek.'  The' Great Northern work  train was in Keremeos on Sunday filling up a washout on the  upper end of a flat above town.  Miss Corbit, after spending  three weeks in town visiting  her brother, left for her home  in Seattle on Tuesday of last  week.  ��������� Miss Annie Innis returned to  her home here on Sunday after  spending & pleasant - week",in  Hedley the guest of Dr. and  Mrs. McKeown.  Mrs. Tweedle left last week  for Victoria, where she will be  present, at the graduation of  her daughter, Miss Freda, of  St..Ann's academy.  Mr. C. H. Knosher, assessor  of Okanagan - county, Wash.,  accompanied by Mr. Smith, was  in town this week looking over  the district by auto.  Messrs. Lachmund and Nur-  cross motored from Copper  mountain on Wednesday. Mr.  Norcross is on his way home to  visit a few weeks with his  mother in the Bast.  Mr. Cropp, who has been in  South Keremeos looking after  property there, left on Saturday for Winnipeg, where he  had been called by the illness  of his wife.  Mr. and Mrs. Green of-Penticton motored over to Keremeos on Friday, accompanied  by friend and relatives from  Shelburne, Ontario, and spent a  few hours in town.  The passenger bridge across  the Sirnilkaraeen river was the  center of attraction last Friday  and Saturday on account of the  high water. Almost everybody  in the district visited it both  early and late.  Miss Florence Daly returned  home on Saturday's train from  Hedley, after spending a very  pleasant week with relatives  and friends. Miss Daly had the  pleasure of visiting the Nickel  Plate, where they had planned  a dance in her honor.  Mr. Torn Hall, traveler for  R. P. Rithet, and Mr. Stephenson for Knowles & McCauly of  Vancouver, returned to Keremeos on Sunday after finishing  their trip through tho Okanagan and Similkameen valleys.  They left hero on Sunday afternoon for Vancouver via Wenatchee and Seattle with their  motor car.  .Miss Sewell spent the week  end with her sister^JWCrrtfLove  of Olalla. H'~  Mr. D. J. Innis shipped a carload of horses to Winnipeg on  Saturday.  - Miss Mabel Manery was in  town on Sunday on her way  from Hedley.  Mrs. Crooker of Similkameen  is in town for the week the  guest of Mrs; J. A. BroAvn.  I Mr. and- Mrs. H. .A. Barelo  were visitors to Hedley between trains on Saturday.  Mr. Riddle motored from Hedley on Sunday with a party of  friends and spent the day.  Miss Oriole Mausette "of  Princeton is visiting the Misses  Gibson of Riverside Lodge."  ��������������������������� Mrs. Madore received the sad  news of the death of her sister  at Sand Point, Idaho last week.  Mr. J. R. Brown of Summer-  land was a visitor in town on  Friday, going on to Hedley in  the evening.  Messrs. Lachmund and Adams  were in town Wednesday on  their way from Copper mountain to Greenwssd.  10Messrs Newton and- Sinclair  spent a few days last week fishing in the Ashnola, and had a  very successful trip.  Mrs. Hardy and daughters  of Similkameen were in town  on Thursday the guests of'Mrs,  Kirby and daughters. "  Mrs.' O'Daniel has returned  home after spending ��������� three  weeks with friends and relatives at the boundary.  Mrs. Newton left on Wednesday for her home in Crystal  .City, Man., where she intends  spending the summer.  ��������� ��������� Messrs. Mills, Lee. Crooker,  Innis and McCurdy motored to  Princeton on Thursday where  they attended a private meeting of the Orange lodge.  Mr. D. J. Innes intends leaving this week for Winnipeg,  where he will dispose of a carload of horses. Ho expects to  be away a couple of weeks,  Mr. Coleman had a letter  from his son Lome last -week,  saying he was doing nicely  and still at the convalescence  home, Shorncliffe, England.  The weather, which has been  exceedingly hot for the past  week, took a rather sudden  change on Sunday, and we enjoyed a little rain and a nice  cool breeze for the day.  TOWN MD DISTRICT  Morris Daly of Keremeos was  in town Monday.  Remember the Band dance tomorrow night, Friday 23rd.  A. S.-Black, barrister, Princeton, was in town* Saturday.  The sidewalks in   town   are  very  much in need of repairs.  . A couple of carloads of Hed-  leyites went to Keremeos Tuesday. " ..  R. G. Cawston and G. B. Milne  of Keremeos were in town this  week".  Born���������In Hedley, Saturday,  Junef 19th, 1916, to Mr. and Mrs.  A. W| Vance,-a daughter.'  The ambulnnce corps towhich  A-. B.(S. Stanley is attached left  this week for the Old Country.  J., Simpson, Greenwood, chief  of provincial police, arrivrd in  town-yesterday.  A {band of cattle passed  through town Sunday evening  on their way. to the northern  ranges.  Drowning Accident.  Friday morning, while repairing crib work below the  dam, Ole Thompson fell into the  Similkameen river and was  drowned.  It appears that after placing  a large rock he stood on it to  force it down or ascertain if it  was on solid ground. He tried  it several times and. the rock  gave way, ��������� letting him into the  swiftly CTinhing stream. His  head and one arm appeared  above the water a couple of  times. It was impossible for  those working near to give any  assistance, for it was only a  few seconds until the body was  out of sight. The body has not  yet been recovered.  Deceased was a Norwegian  about 35 years of age, and leaves  a wife and two small children  to mourn his loss. He came  here three years ago from Wilbur, Wash., and was ,in the employ of the Daly Reduction Co.  It takes more of an expert to  examine the shell committee  evidence than it does to  amine the shells.���������Tatler.  ex-  Germany is now aausageless.  The only dogs that are left to  the, Fatherlanders are the dogs  of War.���������Tatler.  About three hundred tons of  Baltic pebbles arrived this week  for the Hedley Gold Mining  company.  Geo. S. and Mrs. Sproule, and  Mrs. W. A.' McLean left Thursday last to spend a couple of  weeks at the coast.  Three auto loads of Hedley-  ites went up to Princeton last  Thursday evening "to attend a  meeting of the county Orange  lodge.  A. D. Broomfield, Del Young,  and J. Wigmore of Princeton  passed through town Sunday  morning on their way to Keremeos. "  ..- -- ~-  . Owing to the drowning accident Friday last the band  dance that evening was postponed until tomorrow evening,  Friday, 23rd inst.  Major Megraw, inspector"rof  Indian agencies, passed through  town Saturday on his way from  Princeton to Penticton. The  K. V. R. was stalled by high  water near Merritt, and pas  sengers for lake points had to  go through to Penticton by  auto.  The name of Pte. Arthur  Coles appears in the casualty  list of the 16th inst. as having  died of wounds. He was for  several years a-resident of Hedley and joined the 0. M. R. at  Vernon. He was only 23 years  of age and" respected by alibis  acquaintances. He was born in  Taunton, Somersetshire, Eng.  With the warm weather of  last week the Similkameen river  rose rapidly, bringing down  stumps, logs, trees, roots, fencing, dead animals, and garbage  of all kinds. Thursday and Friday the power company's dam  was continuously in danger  from log jams, and a force of  men were kept busy blowing  them up as they formed against  the Stone -^ie'rs. Saturday very  little drift wood came down,  and the cold weather of the  past few days put a stop to the  vagaries of the river.  Max Ewart,.immigration officer at Penticton, was in town  Monday on business connected  with his office. He interviewed  a number of residents in reference to violations of the immigration regulations and the  importation of foreign labor.  Those interviewed "didn't know  of even a gray-back that wasn't  entitled to graze in the country.  If the immigration department  would use a little horse sense  and pasport all foreigners, much  of the difficulty of the immigration officers would be avoided.  It is safe to say that a thousand  foreign laborers cross the line  annually into British Columbia  in violation of regulations on  importation of foreign"labor..  Axel Peterson returned from  his hunting trip last week with  a couple  of  bear  hides and a  story of an enormous silver-tip,  that left  tracks 13 inches long  and  took a  trap and a log six  inches in diameter with it.   The  bear  was not seen, but it was  either a very large one, or had  bohunk feet.    And then it may  have stepped twice in the same  place just for a   joke.   Silvor  tips are some jokers  in a bear  way.    A bald-face,  near Three  Forks, put Dutch Gits up a tree  and kept him  there  for twelve  hours, and that c'was after the  war started,   too.   She   would  go into  the   underbrush,   Gus  would come down, she and her  cubs would come  out, and Gus  would shin up again, while Mrs.  Baldface and family jibed   at  him in Nova Scotian,  which is  the language of the MacPhees,  the   MacKenzies,   the   McDonalds, the'MacLeans, the McKays,  the   Mclntoshes,  the   Mooneys  and the Frasers.    But Gus had  been in town a couple of weeks  just before Von Kluck captured  Paris.  <* r  Th<j Mystery Unsolved.  The date of holding the examinations   of   A. J.   Wicker-  sham, Angus McLean  and Lester Armstrong,  charged by   a  coi'oner's   jury with   direct or  indirect responsibility for  the  death of Henry Hofmeier, was  was   set   for   Friday  last,  but  was continued over until Saturday at  1  o'clock p. m.    At the  hour Jjfixed Prosecuting Attorney Johnson,   Deputy   Sheriff  Ward,  the three -accused men  and two or three Canadian officials were present.    Judge Parsons was  prepared to conduct  the proceedings.    As the crime  was committed  in  British Columbia,  if a  crime   was   committed at all,  the  prosecuting  attorney   and   sherifi   had   no  jurisdiction in the  case, and offered to turn the prieoners over  to the British Columbia officials,  and they could have  charge of  the   examination.     These   officers, who claim to have made a  thorough investigation, did not  feel    that    sufficient   evidence  could be  be secured to convict  any one  of  the  crime, and de-  clinpd  to carry on an examination or go further into the matter at  that   time.    Under  the  circumstances, all that the judge  could   do  was  to   dismiss   the  case and discharge the prisoners. Prosecuting Attorney J ohn-  son stated that at  no time did  the county   officers   feel,   considering the nature of  the evidence,  that the  case could  be  taken up and prosecuted in this  county,  as   the   allegad" crime  "was committed  outside of the  jurisdiction  of the  county and  state.    In the face  of  the findings of the  coroner's  jury the  local officers could  do no more  nor less than  hold  the accused  for the action of  the Canadian  officers.    When  the   case   was  referred to those officers the responsibility of the county officers ended.���������Oroville Gazette.  Some Prayer.  Here is another personal experience   of   an   officer at the  front.    An army chaplain Avas  conducting a funeral   not   far  behind the firing  line, and had  reached that portion of the service which reads something like  this.    "Oh,  Lord,   receivo   this  thy servant.    Oh,  Lord, listen  to our prayers," Avhen suddenly  a bullet Avhizzed between  him  and the  grave-digger,  who responded Avith a heartfelt (sigh,  "Oh, Lord, listen to that."'  -Ii  i   CONCENTRATES    |  While   prospecting   for   two".  Aveeks in the Slocan tbis spring  Billy MilJs shot eight bears.   -  The Great Northern between  Ferguson and Trout Lake City  Avill be worked this summer. *  The Union Hydraulic Co. is  working tAvo big monitors on  Siwash creek in  the Okanagan.  It is reported that the Brian  Boru in the Hazelton district  carries a large body of ore, 65  per cent zinc.  It is reported that Lord  Rhounda has bonded five copper  claims on Skeena mountain in  Northern B.C. '   '  The   Aberdeen  - mine, / near  Merritt will soon start regular  shipments of ore to the Greeh-Ai  wood smelter.  The shaft is down 300 feet on  the American Boy in the Hazel-  ton district. A drift will 'be run  to tap the ore shoot-at 165 ft.  P.   Racy,    representing " the  Trail smelter recently spent two,  days on Copper mountain," near,  Chesaw,  examining properties *  and procuring samples.,    3.  Antimony ore worth $54.40 a'v  ton is being shipped from Robinson   in*  the   Yukon   to   San-  Francisco.'    It   is- hauled -.-by."  wagon.22 miles from  the mine  to Robinson.       -���������.,-,- "  Mountain Bob has a preemption in the'" Cariboo on Wood-    :  pecker island.    He still has the   '  mining feA7er,  and v proposes to  sink  a shaft  on   his  ranch  in '  search of placer gold.  Nicola men have taken a bond  on "the Noonday  and .Juniper  claims, t\vd miles, from Merritt.  A shaft and  tunnel^on   these.,"  properties is in' solid "ore.    The   ���������  lead  is  a  strong  one showing  values  in  copper, gold and silver.    Wm. McNeill is in charge  and expects to be  shipping ore    *  next month. " _  SLOCAN.  The erection of the Surprise  concentrator at Sandon and  putting in of the Slocan Star  tram and loading bins is providing considerable building activity around Sandon. ''- -- ,  Although a considerable quantity of ore has been stoped out  of the Florence mine since last  fall, there has been no appreciable diminution of the ore reserves as compared Avith a year  aero.���������Kootenaian.  Battle of Jutland.  BY WILLIAM THOMPSON.  Down on the Geiman fleet  Beritty's squadron ran;  "To the guns," the signals heat,  "All in the battle van."  Sank beneath the foam  With peunahts flying,  Holdint? an entire fleet,  ��������� Whilst fightim?, dying.  Then Jellicoe. came ivith night���������  Burst on the conflict's roar,  Battered the armada in flight,  Sank them otf Jutland's shore.  'Tvvas the same old story,  Which Beatty's name adorned,  Of British pluck and glory,  The foe-ruin's challenge scorned.  Cast your flowers upon the wave,  Borne by the billows' crest  To where the noble and the brave  Sank to their eternal rest.  Honor those that's left,  Their vigils griui to keep;  Forget not those bereft-  Of heroes now asleep.  Keremeos, B. C, June 5; 1916.  Pays Another Dividend.  The Hedley Gold Mining Company,   from    headquarters   in  New  York,  announce  a quarterly dividend of 3 per cent, and  an additional dividend of 2 per  cent, on the outstanding capital  stock of the company, payable  Friday, June 20, 1916, to stockholders  of record  at 12 o'clock  noon, Saturday, Juno 24,1916.  '���������-*|  - ^i  ���������4  i  - i  * -   n\  ^a.ts^ht������ss  ^L*i������"t������^ v^mimmm*****.  i/f/CQarmvojsi  i������;'..'iiiin^m^B4" ������.n'i���������.' ii',,^'i,''','',J.-.-,...,'jy'... ,''.^,  tsiBmu  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  [>,>  lirrri^l)i?ififtfTffi*1Mifaffli1iiftiM-ftfliiV'������V^^IW  Constipation  Vanishes Forever  Prompt Relief���������Permanent Cure  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS never  fail.   Purely veget.  able���������act surely  kin. gently on  ihe liver.  Stop aftei  dinner  distress���������,  cure indi  -���������estion ��������� improve   the complexion���������brighten  the eyes. Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  The Hessian Fly  Ravages  of  /$$%������<������������.  1������ no" more neccssnry  than Small pox.   Array .  experience has demonstrated  the almost miraculous efficacy, andharmlessness.of Antityphoid Vaccination.  Be vaccinated NOW by your physician, you and  /our family. It is more vital than house Insurance.  Ask your physician, dracjlst, or send for "Have  jrou had Typhoid?" telllne of Typhoid Vaccine,  results from use, and danger from Typhoid Carriers.  THE CUTTER LABORATORY,  BERKELEY, CAL.  tlODUCINa VACCINES ft SERUMS UNDER U. 8, GOV. MCEUII  THU MEW FRENCH REMEDY. N.I  No2. NJ.  Used ml'rencb  Hospitals with  great success, cvres chronic weakness, lost vigob  ft VIM K1DN.EV DLADUER DISEASES. BLOOD POISON.  FILES EITHER' No DIIUGG1ST5 or MAIL SI. PORT 4 CTi  POUOERA CO B3 BEKKMAN ST NEW YORK orLVMAN DROi  TORONTO WRITE TOR FREE BOOK TO DR. L.E CLERO  WED CO HftVEXSTOCKKD-llAMPS-rEAD, LONDON. ENO.  IRV NEW DRAGEE (TASTELESS) FORKOF   EASY TO TAII  THERAPION' ���������.as?.fi?.Dc������w:  SEB 1HAT TRADE MARKED WORD - THERAPION IS O*  MIT GOVT STAMf APFIX*)- TO ������Ll CEKUIME PACKETS,  Cook's ���������6Um Root Cosjpoaiia.  A safe, reliable, renulating  medicine, Sold in threo decrees of strength. .No. 1.  $H- No. 2, ?3; No. 3, $&  per box. Sold by all  druiTElsts, or sent prepaid In plain package on  receipt of price. Freo  pamphlet.    Address:  THE COOK rSEDICSNE CoJ  IBBOSTO. OUT. (Fw*t-lj WJaiurj  AGENTS  Wanted  in every town and village.  to take orders for the best Made-to-  Measure.   Clothing in  Canada.    Good  commissions.    MagLificent.Samples. >  STERLING  TAILORING  CO.,  535 College Street ��������� Toronto  An Ancient Port '  Tho Black Sea port lately captured  by -tlie! J.ius'sians is so ancient that  '^ its origin is almost lost irr the mists  of history. It was to Trebizond, the  ancient Trapozus, that Zenophon. the  volunteer soldier Ivonr Athens, en-  i, dowed v.'ith rate military genius, con-  ' ducted, as described in the "Anabasis," well known to' High School  boys, the Retreat of ihe Ten Thousand  Greeks, when their Generals had been  treacherously slain by the Persians  after the battle of Ounaxa, 13. 0. 401,  where Gyrus the 1'ounger, their com-'  mander Jell at the moment of victory  in striving to wrest the Throne ol  Persia from his brother Artaxeres.  j., Necessity is the nio/her of invention.  and the hungry Frenchman mentioned  'in a biography recently published in  .Ji'ngland illustrates __tho old adage  i anew.  1 He was in an English restaurant  'and wanted eg-.'s tor breakfast, but  .-had forgotten the linglish word. So  g-he got- around the difficulty in the  '."following  way:  "Vaiterra,-    vat  is dat    valking    in  |the yard."  "A. rooster, sir."  "Ah ! And vat you call de rooster's  {���������wife*" s  1$   "The hen  sir."  \   "And vat you call de children of de  \.rooster, and  his rife?" ,  "Chic'ccns. sir "  "But vat you call dr* chicken heforc  ^dcy are chicken r''  "Eggs, sir."  "Bring me two.','  IvTeans   For     Controlling  This   Insect   ���������    '    .  The Hessian fly is well known to  j farmers as a serious pest of cereal  crops. During the present season it  has caused the loss of millions of  .bushels in the Uniwd States. In Western Canada, fortunately, its. depreciations have rrot attained the extent experienced in other regions of the continent, and in order to be able to advise the fanners ;n the Western provinces the .UntQiiiolcgical Branch of  the Dominion'��������� Department of Agriculture have investigated this insect. The  results of this investigation, which  was conducted by.Mr. Norman Criddle  for several years, nave now been published by tire Department of Entomological Branch of the Dominion Department in Entomological Bulletin  is'o. H. in order* to enable farmers to  recognize the injury ol the insect in  its incipient stages', and, being thus  forewarned,, they will be in a-position  to prevent losses that are liable to  occur where the insect is present, as  control-method ore also described  fn addition, the Western Wheat.  Stem Maggot, has been studied and  described. This is a native insect that  has turned its attention from native  to cultivated grasses, on which it has  become a serious pest. Its habits, Jife-  history, and tin* mc-riis of control artfully'described' in'the same bulletin,  which is entitled "The Hessian Fly  and the Western Wheat Stem Saw  Fly in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta." Tho bulletin is illustrated  and may be obtained on application  to.the "Chief * Officer,' Publications  Branch, Department of Agriculture..  Ottawa. All: inquiries' for -information  regarding insect pests should be addressed' lo the Dominion Entomo-  gist. Department of Agriculture. Ottawa.  '.MEAL-TIME' CONSCIENCE  jWhat     Do,the   Sick  Children   Drink?  If  There are limes when mother or  father feeds the youngsters something  that, they k'now children should not  have. Perhaps it is some rich dessert  but more" often  it is  tea or coffee.  It is better to have some delicious,  hot, food-drinlo that, you,can take yourself ' and ' feed to  your  children,"*conscious that it will help and strength-  gen,  but never hurt them.  An Eastern lady says: "I used  coffee many years in spite of the conviction thai it injured my nervous  fSsysteni ,and produced my * .nervous  ^headaches." (Both tea and coffee are  injurious to many persons, especially  children, because they contain the  ubtlo,-poisonotfs drug, caffeine). , -  "While visiting a friend I was served with Postum nnd 1 determined to  j'get a package and try it myself. The  result was all that could bo desired���������  a delicious, finely flavored, richly colored -beverage. Since I quit coffee,  Postum has worked wonders for me.  "My husband, who had suffered  from * kidney trouble when drinking  coffee, quit the coffee and took up  Postum with me nnd since drinking  5 Postum lie has felt stronger and bet-  ,{ tei', with no indication of kidney  if trouble.  ,*,     "You may be sure I find it a great  comfort   to" have   a   warm   drink   at  meals  that   I   can  give   niv   children,  '&  with   a  clear  conscience  that' it  will  ?| help and not hurt tlieni as tea or coffee .would.",  ' Name  given  by  Canadian    Postum  Co.", Windsor," Out.  Postum  comeshin two  forms:  ,   Postum  Cereal���������the original form-  must  be  well' boiled.'    J5c    and    25c  pkgs. .- '     -  Instant Postum���������a soluble powder���������  dissolves quickly in a cup of'hot water, and, with cream and sugar, makes  a delicious beverage instantly. 30c and  50c. tins.  Both forms are eually delicious and  cost about the  same per cup.  "There's a Reason" for Postum. .  ���������sold ' by ' Grocers. ,  m,  W. N. U. 1107  HARD WORKING WOMEN  Will      Find      New .-...Strength  Through   the   Use   of  Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills  It, is useless to'tell a hard working  woman to take life easily- arrd not to  worry. Every woman at the head of  a home; every girl in offices, shops  and factories is subjected to more or  less worry. These cannot.be avoided.  But it is the duty of every woman  and every girl to save her strength  as much as* possible, and to build up  her system to meet unusual demands.  Her future ��������� health depends upon it.  To guard against a break-down in  health the blood must be'kept rich,  red and pure. To i:ecp the blood in  this condition nothing can equal Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills. They strengthen  the nerves, restore the appetite, bring  the glow of health fo pallid cheeks,  and renewed energy to listless people.  Women cannot always rest when they  should, but they can keep up their  strength and keep away disease by the  occasional use of Dr. Williams' Pink  Tills. Mrs,. A. Rhodes. Hamilton,  Out., says. "A few years ago on coming to Car.ada, working long hours,  and close confinement began lo tell  upon me. L^was completely run down,  and finally could do no work. I was  pale, suffered fiom headaches, did not  rest well, and felt altogether very  miserable. The doctor said the trouble was anaemia, and after doctoring  for -some weeks "without getting any  relief, 1 decided to drop the doctor  and take Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.  Very soon I began to notice a change  for the better, and by the time I liad  used half a dozen boxes of tho Pills  I was again enjoying, the best of  health. 3 have never had jiny return  of the sickness and'j-.ever felt better  in my life than I do now. T give "my  experiencc, therefore, that it may be  used for the benefit of others."  You can get Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills 'from any medicine dealer or by  mail at 50 cents a boj. or six boxes for  $2.50 from The Dr. Williams' Medicine  Co."  Brockville, Ont.  Wounded at High Altitude  The   Thrilling 'Experience   of   a   Bi-it-  ,   ish Aviator  Describing a thrilling fight.'in the  air, Flight-Sergeant T.'May, of the  Royal Flying Corps, in a letter home,  says: We were on patrol duty about  60 miles over the enemy's lines when  wc were ' attacked by a number o{,,  German machines, including some of  their noted' Fokker monoplanes. Wc  saw them preparing for the-attack,  and wo waited for them Wc rose lo  a height of between J4,000 and' 15,-  000 feet before the light began. They,  as usual, attacked lrorn the rear, being faster machines.     "     .     ,- -  "My officer said, 'Mind and civc  them some lead.' 1 waited until they  came ridiculously near, then emptied  a full magazine iuto them. The machine fell like a log out of sight, and  [ am certain they .pa-id the price. This  finished  rear attacks.  "The next one came more , to the  front, so I lot hitn have some at  greater range. They, must have necn  hit, for the machine made a nose dive  and cleared off at once. 1 could not  see the result, for we were immediately attacked by another before 1  knew where T was. T could soc him  flying at us before I was ready, and  by the time, I had fired five or six  rounds a bullet wont through my  thigh. Almost at 'he' same moment  an iinli aircraft shell hit us, blowing  my seat ���������away, larg" pieces of shell  piercing niv thick leather flying jacket.      "   -  "I'Vas stunned fot a tjmo, but I  pulled myself together, a (id wo made  for our linos some l'fty miles away,  doinrj 'ducks and drakes' to avoid  anti-aircraft shell. We reached our  lirres safely, and set off again by  aeroplane to the nearest  hospital.  The Roumanian army now numbers  000,000 men, while her navy is strong  enough to give Austria some sleepless  mghls that is, if she took sides ������vith,  her best friend���������Russia.  - "I'm  afraid*John thinks I'm extravagant.'  He didn't even    smile when  he saw; my new dress."  '-.-"Som.e     men,' have    no  humor 1  sense  of  Teaching Farm Children.  Butterfield, in his "Chapters in Ru-  ral Progress," . says:  "One reason why agricultural education has not made more rapid progress  is because the children of the country  schools have been taught in such a  manner as to lead them to think that  there is no chance for brains in farming."  That is very^true. But the children  do not get allN>f their education or  menial ideas in the school. The home  and the father in the conduct of his  farm are responsible for what ideas  the sons have about farming far more  than the school. How many farm  homes keep a good supply of farm  papers and books for the boys fo read?  How many fanners show, by the- conduct of their farms, that there is a  chance for brains in farming? These  things tell mightily in the growing  mind oi Ihe farm boy.  Grippe Left Her  Seriously  BUT I%PD'S  KIDNEY PILLS CURED  HER  COMPLETELY  Mrs. Halquist Tells Just Why She is  the Firm Friend of the Grand Canadian Kidney Remedy, Dodd's Kidney  Pills.  Bangsund, Susie���������((Special)���������Mrs.  Pete Halquist, a well known resident  here, is a firm believer in Dodd's Kidney Pills-, and is always ready to tell  the reason why.  '-'About a year ago," Mrs. Halquist  says, "my little girl was taken ill with  the grippe. She was sick in bed for  three weeks with pains in the joints.  They were swollen and stiff.  "She had cramps in her muscles, so  it was awful hard for her to : get  around for the longest time. After  she was able to be around, her skin  became harsh and came off in scales.  "After using two boxes of: Dodd's  Kidney Pills she was as well as ever  she was in her life. She lias;been  strong and  healthy   ever  since."  Xhe ������������������after-effects" of grippe are-  more to be dreaded than the disease  itself. That is because they generally  act on weak kidneys and put them out  of working order. Sick kidneys 'ire  the cause of rheumatism,', backache,  dropsy and numerous other diseases.  The one sure way to avoid them is to  keep the kidneys toned up and able to  do their work. The best way to keep  the kidneys healthy is-to use Dodd's  Kidney Fills.  l***** .''AM��������� JEmm': ������Jm  You will find relief In Zam-Buk!  It eases the burning, stinging  pain, stops bleeding and brings  ease. Perseverance, with Zam-  Buk, means cure; Why not prove  this ?   jiU J>rua9i^������.and Storee.~  "SOo box.  "The    Officer    (after  a complaint)���������  This tea's all right.    What's the complaint?  Tommy���������it ain't tea, sir.  It's stool  The Officer���������And very nice stoo!  Minard's   Liniment   used   by   Physicians.  A Chicago ���������musician being accused of  murder, a" pupil testified- "My dear  music master could not harm a, fly;  why. he could not even strike.a false  note,"  Minard's.  Friend.  Liniment     Lumberman'  "So Hunter is after the heiress. By  the way what does ho do for a living?"  "Banking, at present."  "Indeed 1"  "Yes, he's banking on marrying  her."  LITTLE  THINGS COUNT  Even in a match you should  consider the "Little Things,"  the wood���������the composition���������  the   strikeability���������the   flame.  MATCHE  are made of-strong dry pine  stems, with a secret perfected  composition that guarantees  "Every Match A Light." 65  years of knowing how���������that's  the reason!  All Eddy products   are dependable products���������Always.  Going Out of Fashion  The Myth of the. Food Value of Alcohol  Was Long Ago Exploded.  Dr. Woods Hutchison writes in the  National Daily: "When alcohol was  first discovered it was all but worshipped, it 'was looked upon as the  magician, the consoler , that could  make tlie sick well, the sorrowful  merry, and the poor man a millionaire. Children, were given it to make  the hi grow; workmerr"drank it to make  them strong; niinistei.s took it just before going into the pulpit to fill them  with the spirit, and mothers depended  upon it to enable them to nourish the  next generation.  The- breath of tho race fairly reeked  with alcohol. From christening an infant���������"to wet the baby's head"���������to tlie  launching of ii battleship, ho ceremony was complete -without it. Of  course its dangers .and penalties wei'o  early seen wheji taken to excess, but  in moderation it was "God's good  gift."' To how late a date that attitude  existed in the Western world is almost,  incredible to most of us now living,  who have grown up m the days of Prohibition, and. total  abstinence.  As an illustration ,tho t-arliest Temperance Society on record in America  Dominion Experimental Farm  Advises Growing Flax  Director J.  H.  Grisdale Predicts Good  Prices   and   Profits   From   This  Crop  "As   a   crop   likely   lo   be   quite   as'  profitable  as   wheat   this   year,"   says  Mr.   Grisdale,      "may    be   mentioned  (lax. The annual consumption of flaxseed   is   in   'lie   neighborhood   of   j'0.-  000,000     bushels   an     this   continent..  The combined   crops  of seeil in   Canada and the United States fall usually  12,000,000   or   J5.000.000   bushels   short,  of  this   aniouiii.    This  extra  seed   is  normally brought from Argentine, and  is coming in at the present. Tlie high  cost of ocean  transportation  at  present (about 70c per bushel from Buenos  Ayres to New York) has had the natural   effect,of   raising   the   price   of  every bushel   of seed  on   this continent so that now instead of 70 to 80c a  bushel as was the price at Winnipeg  in  1912,  $1.95  to-$2.00 per   bushel   is  being  paid   at   the   same  point.  "Where wheat seeding has progressed rather slowly, it will often he advisable to sow the last few acres intended for wheat rather to (lax. The  cash returns per acre froni the two  crops lire likely to be pi'iielically  equal this year, and about the same  as they were last year. For, this reason, it is well worth trying flax and  running no risk with late wheat which  is usually a poor crop.  "Only clean seed should be sown  and that on clean land. A limited  area of well prepared land sown with  clean seed will be more profitable  than a large area of badly prepared  land on which dirty seed is used."  "For the. new settler or the man  with new breaking done before May  2f> to 26th, flax offers an opportunity  for money making this year on this  land such as is not possible with any  other crop. Breaking1 about' three  inches deep, discing as soon as broken so as to fill all openings or spaces  between tho furrows and to conserve  moisture as well as make a solid seed  bed, will be such a preparation as  gives a fair chance of a fair crop of  (lax if good seed is carefully sown  before the first of June. Sow at the  rate of 30 to 40 lbs.  per acre.  "Prices for flax are-likely to be good  this coming fall."  Turkey has discovered a fruitful  field of labor. In return for German  kindness she has sent missionaries to  Germany with the object of converting the people to Mohammedanism.  The Arch Looter  The most conspicuous failure of the  war is the individual who did most to  precipitate it���������the Gorman Crown  Prince. After emerging from the Ar-  lennes his Army narrowly escaped  lestruetiori. The only reputation he  ins acquired is that of being the arch  looter in that nest of thieves���������the German Army. If for any reason this  precious por?on is called to the Imperial throne, what will be the position of the llohen/.ollern dynasty.  represented by. a braggart failure at  the close of an unsuccessful war?���������  Times of India;  Corns cannot, exist when Jlolloway"a  Corn Cure is applied to them, because it goes to the root, and kills the  growth.  "Did you hear about the defacement  of Mr. *tjkinner's" tombstone?", asked  Air. Brown a few days after the.funeral of that' eminent' captain of industry.  "No, what was ?t?"--1 inquired iris  neighbor, curiously.  ������������������Someone ailded the word 'friends'  to the epitaph."  "What was the" epitaph?"  " 'He did Jiis best.' "  Lady (compassionately)���������There, after four hours a miserable lit tie fish  is struggling on the hook. Oh. such  cruel sport,!  Fisherman���������Are you pilyiug the  fish, are you pitying the worm or are  you  pitying me?  Strongest Liniment in 100 Years  Best For Either Man or Beast  Nothing for Family Use Can  Compare With It  RUB ON- NERVILINE  When you have been exposed to wet  and cold and your muscles are full.of  was one formed in Massachusels about! P'lin, nerves are jumping with neiiral  Miller's Worm Powders are sweet  and palatable to children, who 'show  no hesitancy in taking them. They  will certainly bring all worm troubles]  to an end They are a strengthening  and stimulating medicine, correcting  the disorders of digestion that the  worms cause and imparting a healthy  tone to the system most beneficial to  development.  "An Irishman and an Dnglishmen  one day met in London, and, after a  long conversation, .hey began talking  about echoes. *Tlre Englishman said  there were hills in England, where  if you went ou! and shouted, the voice  would come back in half an hour afterward.  "Begor," said the Irishman, that's  nothin'. There are hills in ould Ireland where, if you went out and shouted before going to bed the voice' would  come, back and-call you up irr the  morning!"  How's This?  We offer' One Hundred Collars R")-  ward for. any case of Catarrh that  cannot' be cured hy Hall's Catarrh  Cure.  Hall's Catarrh Cure has been taken by catarrh sufferers for the past  thirty-five years, and has become  knowri as the most reliable remedy for  Catarrh. .Hall's Catarrh Cure acts  through the Blood on tile Miicous surfaces, expelling the Poison from the  Blood and healing the diseased portions.  After, y'oiirhav.e taken Hall's Catarrh  Cure for a short time you will see a  great improvement in your general  health.. Start taking Hall's Catarrh  Cure at onoe and'get.rid of catarrh.  Send for testimonials, free.  F. J. CHENEY & .CO., Toledo, Ohio.  Sold hy all Druggists, 75c.  Dubbliegii���������at a reception this ,  tcrnoon I exchanged ideas with t  famous Professional Saduka.  Mis-. Keen���������That explains why  found  the professor so tiresome.  Ask for Minard's and take no other.  A Pyrrhic victory is one gained at  too great a cost. "Pyrrhus was King  of Epirus (31S-27-2 B. C.) After his victory at Asculnm in 279 B. 0.. he is  said to have exclaimed���������"Another  such victory and wo are lost."  JR20 by a group of serious and sober  minded citizens whoso pledge ran as  follows: "We; the undersigned, recog-  rnzin'*" the evils of drunkenness and  resolved'to chec'; its alarming increas/*  with consequent j overty, misery and  crime, among %iv people, hereby  solemnly pledge ourselves that we  will not get drunk more" than four  times a year, via;���������Fourth of July.  Muster Day, Christmas Day and Sheep  Shearing."  Wo have come far since then, and  done much to check the excessive use  of alcohol but it was only during the  last few decades that we began to seriously question the, wisdom of the  daily.use of alcohol even in the. mildest forms and in strictest moderation.  The myth of its food value was of  course-long ago exploded, but the idea  still persisted that it increased working powers. Finally some five, or six  years ago, experts decided to give the  question a thorough laboratory test  and try-out. The actual results were  astonishingly.uniform in all ton of flic  trade and * occupation groups tested.  The men during the. days of abstinence  turned out from five to ten per cent  more work than they had been averaging before and as roon as they got  back" to their liquor their but-put fell  right back to the old level.���������II. Arnott.  M.' P>.,  M.  C. P.  S.'  Nothing as Good for Asthma.���������Asthma remedies come and go but every  year the sales of the original Dr. J:  D. Kellogg Asthma licmedy grow  greater and greater. No'further evidence could "Ijc asked of its remarkable  merit., it relieves. It is always of  the same unvarying quality which the  sufferer from asthma learns to know. }  Do not suffei'-another attack, but get  this splendid remedy  today.  Nelson Waited Long  Sea power is not a stage pro perl y  to be squandered to piovidc oxciI ing  stoiics to daily newspapers. When  Nelson was awaiting the final triumphant meeting with the Napoleonic  fleets he knew better than to fritter  away his force in a series of futile  attacks upon their bases, even though  in his day the mine and the submarine were li'm-existent. lie kept Ins  baltie fleets in their proper place?���������  ou the high sea.--���������and the war wii?  nearly two and a'luilf years.old before  ho met the enemy.���������London Truth.  gia, then you should have ready at  hand a bottle of Nerviline. It robs  pain of its terrors, gives relief to all  surteriug. Unrigs ease and comfort  wherever used.  -No care or expense has been spared  to secure for. Nerviline the purest and  best materials. It is prepared with a  single aim: to restore the sick to  health. Tin's cannot  be naid of the preparation that an  unscrupulous dealer  may ask you fo accept instead of Ner-  vtlrnc, so wo warn you it is tho extra  profit made on interior goods that  tempts the substitutor. Of him beware.  Get Nerviline when you ask for it,  1'iion you  are  sure  of a remedv  that  and the pains of rheumatism,'.neuralgia, and lumbago.  In the last hundreds years no liniment has been produced that can compare with Nerviline in strength, in  penetrating power, or in curative ability. '    ��������� '  For nearly forty years it has been  Canada's household remedy, and mothers will do well to lollcnv" the advice of Mrs. Jcc?ic Beggins; of Stella,  P. O., Ont., who says:  "Very frequently there are ailments  in the family that can be cut .short if  Nerviline is handy. When mv children come in from play, with a' cough  or a bad cold 1 rub them well with  Nerviline, and they  arc well almost at  once. Nerviline is  fine for earache,  too thache,' chest  colds, lumbago stiffness, rheumatism or neuralgia. in  fact there is scarcely a pain or ache  in man or beast il won't cure quickly.  The large 50c family size, bottle is  tho most economical; trial size. 2oc,  at   all   dealers,    or   the   Catarrhozone  will cure.all aches, strains, swellings, I Co.,  Kingston, Canada.  1    show that the blood is impoverished and that the stomach is not prop-  '    erly assimilating its food.  In fact a woman's physical condition always  shows in her face.  Paleness, blotches, pimples, sallowness or dull eyes all  Beecham's Pills.  Women who are subject to these conditions should  not fail to avail themselves of their prompt and beneficial effect.  Beecham's Pills are Prepared to furnish the necessary relief.    They  clear the system of impurities, gently stimulate the liver, regulate the  bowels and tone the system.   Their mild and thorough action ouickly (  rid the skin of blemishes, improve the circulation and help the digestion.  Every woman should know the comfort, and experience the help of'  Prepared oii!y by Thomas Beechom, St. Helens, ���������Lanea������hii-c, England.  Sold everywhere in Cunada and U, H. America.    In boxes, 25 cents.  Granulated Eyelids,  Lyes inflamed by exposure  to Cold Winds and Dust  />.. ^isJ^rC quickly relieved by Murina  JOUR E.lt3Eye Remedy. No Smarting, just Eye Comfort. * At Your Druggists'  60a per Bottle. Murine Eye Salve,inTubes25e.  " For Book of the Eye Free'write  Murine Eye Remedy Company, Chicasa  A New War. Decoration .v  His Majesty has created a-new war  decoration to",be known :as the lUiii-  tary Medal. It is to be awarded to  non-commissioned officers and men  ! "for bravery in .the. field.". The medal  will be Silver,'arid will bo worn mimed iatdly.be fore "all war .medals.  The Royal warrant instituting tho  mcdalT"'"which was ' published in a  supplement of the ''London Gazette," {  I is ordained ha he Miliaryeefddnd  "it is ordained rth.itV'the' -Military  Medal shall bear on .the obverse the.  ���������Royal'Effigy, "and ion.the reverse the.  words, "For Bfavery;.-;in the Field,"  encircled by a wreath surmounted by  'the Royal Cipher and a Crown.  -Contain no acid nnd! tbus Iroep tho leather soft, protecting if against~  cracking.   They combine liquid and paste in a panto form and roquiro  only half the effort for a brilliant lasting ������hin������.    Easy fo use for  all tho family���������childron and adults*   Shine your shoes at horn* and  keep then neat.      _      a  F- Fl DALt-EY <-���������<��������������������������� ������? CANADA, ltd.  Hahiuoh  >  Cahaoa ���������������������������'���������..���������;.  !BLACK-WHITE=TAW ii I^KEEPYOURSHO*  1  1  !M^!������&WMWMeM������$������ V "V*  THE,    GAZETTE.      MEDLEY,      B.  -m&i  c.  ANY READY FOR  ONLY ON IPOS!  EACE BUT  IBLE TERNS  BRITISH    HISTORIANS    INTERESTING    INTERVIEW  Professt Oman Says That   German   Fighting  Forces are Soon  To Suffer Through Lack of Men,  and That the,Heavy  Casualties are Having a Depressing Effect       , o :   "Lord Kitchener is reported to have  I said from the lirst that this will be a  [long war. ] consider that its ending  [will prove to be moto a question of  [psychology than of mihtaiy happon-  lings. But, in turn, if seems that mih-  iiy happenings alone will _ produce  that state of public feeling' in the  Jbelligerent countries upon which  peace can be ioundej."  So Professor Oman, The dislriiguish-  jd Oxford historian, answered a question of the New Yore Times correspondent as to when and through what  [tcps he thought the war would end.  j n. J 884 Piofessor Oman brought out  Ids first volume. "The Art of War in  Ihe' Middle Ages." Since that date, as  V study of his published works will rc-  [-a.il, he has probably authoritatively  -xplained moie wars to more students  [if history than any other living his-  lonan. 'And his views upon the present war arc interesting for further  heasons. From tho very beginning- he  lias t occupied a responsible post in  J-oimection with the censorship, and���������  Ivhut is -really more important���������he  Typifies ' a ��������� "university influence"  Ivhich'in England traditionally sits at  |ho right elbow of statesmen.  t'My work in connection with the  t.ensorships "keeps German newspapers  in my hands about eight hours a  [lay,"'ho continued, "and I can't help  peeling that the Germans are ready  for peace. But for peace only upon  Impossible jterms. There is more fight-  fug .to be done."*' ��������� ������������������  '"This means,.then,'' I said, as Professor Oman paused and looked reflectively into the lire, "that many  |)i-ccious lives are yet to be lost; that  Milt 'deeper layers of the world's  .voalth are yet to be wasted away;  that'agonies of all sorts are yet to be  ���������ndured. Therefore, professor, would  j-ou hold the immediate substitution  ���������it- negotiations foi* battles to be deplorable?" '  'Not by any moans, if possible,"  'ho/ answered quickly, "but what is  tlie use when each side's .terms are  IroQ far apart; when one side feels that  Itliey are on top today and the other  Jiiilc 'riglitly mindful of the price they  rhave already paid, is profoundly confident that they will be on top -to-  Jm'orrow? It is a high duty to see that  Jin any case Germany's force-philoso-v  Iphy does not profit her. We have'un-  Idertakcn to see this war through to  la 'successful end,, and wc have very  Igood reasons for believing-that wc can  |do this if we only hang^on.  "Let us take, for instance, the Ger-  [niari casualties. A' recent estimate by  iColonel Keppingfon.' the military cor-  frespondent of The limes, pretty accurately represents what the Germans  [have acknowledged. Out of a total  [available 9,000,000 men it is more  nhan conservative to say that 2.700,-  [OOO are already out of action for good,  simple calculation will show how  [such losses, even taking into account  [the classes which are yearly called  ho the colors, must in tho end exhaust  [their reserves. And. this being thp  I case, -it is demonstrable that their  'lighting forces will ���������eventually suffer  through lack o fmen.  "The way in which they made their  casualties public is very significant  At the commencement of the war they  printed the most elaborate details of  every casualty; the place and date of  the action were given, the character of  the wound stated, and sometimes H  was even told where the man was in  hospital. All of this, too, was allowed  to be reprinted in the newspapers.  But now the German papers are not  allowed' to reprint or even to comment upon the casualties, and the  full details as given in the earlier  months of the war, are no longer  .state"d in the official lists. The normal German regiments are so local that,  when a battalion is exterminated the  local effect would be too depressing,  as indeed it has proved  "But, there are a number of interesting things besides this, which a  constant comparison since the war of  the British and German press brought  home to me.   One is the very careful  Grain Transportation  Under   Normal     Weather     Conditions  Railways   Should   be   able   to  Handle the  Crop  Immediately after the recent opening' oi navigation on the St. Lawrence  Iukes, there was,a i-ush lor vessel accommodation lor ihe transportation  of grain to tide water. About foui  million bushels of wheat were shipped  from Port Arthur arid Fort William  in vessels in the three weeks prior to  the 22nd of April, inclusive. More  than double this amount had been  brought out by rail after the season  of navigation closed last December,  and during the same interval thert  were shipped by the same route nearly a million and a piarter bushels of  oats, and small quantities of barley  and flax. On the 22nd there-were in  stocks awaiting shipment in vessels  27,094,000 bushels of wheat, 9,352,652  of oats, 3,913,662 of barley, nearly a  million of flax.  It would be unwise lo infer from,  the experience of last, winter that the  railway companies cannot profitably  handle the transportation of grain  after the closing and before the. opening of navigation. Owing to the very  abnormal conditions that prevailed  during the winter ihcro was a great  scarcity cf freight cars, which may  not occur next winter. The immediate effect was to raise factitiously the  price of -wheat that happened to be  stored either at or near the -head of  ocean navigation. Had there been no  shortage ">f cars much more wheat  might have been carried east irom  Winnipeg, thus making a better showing for (-he railways than the bare  statistics of this year would indicate.  ���������Toronto Globe.  Back-Yard Gardens  and astute 'editing' and garbling  which news from Knglisl- papers receives, and even American news, for  that, matter. Colonel Harvey, for instance, was probably astonished when  'passages irom an ailiclc of his entitled 'England Today, which appealed in the January number of The  North American Review, were joyfully  quoted out of their contexts by the  Hamburger Nachrichten as substantiating British "atrocities. ���������  "Therl it,is most interesting to see  how 'inspired' leaders, or, as you.say,  editorials, appear simultaneously in  such differently .'motived, papers as the  Socialistic Vorwarts, and, let us say,  a militaristic and agrarian mouthpiece like .the, Deutsche Tages/.eitung.  The- official'character of these, articles  gives itself away by the simultaneous  appearance and identical wording! and  they seem to me to be appearing more  frequently now than during the* earlier .'stages of the wai*. This indicates  that the people need encouraging, and  is just one more bit of evidence that  makes it clearly expedient, as weli  ���������is our duty, to keep on affecting Ger-  nvan pyschology."  . Professor Oman stopped talking, and  walked across the room to where some  bookshelves, which covered a quarter  of the whole wall space, were bursting with volumes dealing with the  American civil war. "I am looking,"  he explained, "to sec ;'f it was General Robert E. Lee, wiio spoke of duty  as the 'sublimest' word in the English language."  Nowpop���������- Well, my    dear,    did   Uie  ���������^photographer succeed   in  making the  sUiby  look  pleasant?  CSJfrs. Nc-wpop���������No; the baby succeed-  V'Mn  making he  photographer  look  ipleasant.  Production of Foodstuffs in Large oi-  Small Quantities Will Help  The Empire  livery citizen can render sorvice in  the production of foodstuffs. !v**en  in ,the heart of populous cities .something^'can frequently be done. ' Cel-  ars and roots have been utilized for  this purpose in New York. One'tact  worth bearing in mind ,is that every  ounce of needed produce grown is so  much added to the wealth of tlie  country. If some part "of the energy  of every householder in Canada were  bent upon producing something" eatable, no matter how small, thousands  of ions of valuable produce would be  forthcoming, all of which, whether  consumed in lire household or riot,  would help to make available foi* use  in other ways an equal quantity and  would aid in modifying the cost of  living. Last year consrderablc progress was made in the appropriation  of seemingly waste land in towns and  cities lo useful purposes. Considerable  success was achieved and this year it  is not to be doubted Hit) experiment  will be extended with greater results.  In fact in many centres plans made  last Jail or during the winter arc already being carried out.  Germany has laid down utilization  of the land���������every foot of land���������as  one of her first principles. Every incli  of land, according lo the Teutonic proclamation, that is not used is so much  of the country's lesources wasted.  France has adopted a regulation to  the effect that every bit of space must  be utilized for production; failing this  being clone by the owner the state is  to take possession. Britain lias given  orders that golf courses and all meadow land are to be used for grazing  purposes', and that previous pastures  are to be put down in ciops. Private  parks are also being wooded out, and  the land devoted to practical agriculture. A campaign is being conducted, having for its object the utilization  of back-yard gardens and all manner  of vacant land.- Thus Ihe chief belligerents arc setting the world an ex-  ample in production and tlnift that  Canada would be wise to profit by as  widely as possible, and that municipalities and public bodies should do  their utmost to encourage.  Scores of reports of the operations  carried on in the season of 3 915 by  small householders speak of produce  being grown worth from twenty-five  to fifty dollars, every dollar of which  means so much added to the wealth  of the country, as well as saved in  the cost, of living, l-'inancial profit  is not the only gain forthcoming. Lessons of thrift and industry are incul-  -cated, and the whole household, from  the oldest lo the. youngest come under  the influence of those, qualities.. They  also have the gratification of eating  fresh vegetables, the enjoyment of  which is tremendously enhanced by  the proud knowledge ," Unit,-they arc  home-grown. -. What the families cannot eat. themselves they have, the  pleasure of giving or selling to some  charity. It, is hard to imagine any  greater or more enduring satisfaction  that a household in modest circumstances can. experience than that to"be  derived as the reward of loving industry in a back-yard garden.  Miracle Wheat  Popular Ideas Regarding Alleged Productivity of Certain Varieties  of   Wheat  The  United    Stats    department    of  agriculture disposes oi the "miracle"  wheat idea in the    following    ftatc-  ment:  The" notion that there is'a wonderful wheat which will make the fortune of anyone who plants it seems  to be almost as old a.-:agriculture itself. In this country, at lea-5i, such  an asscition was made for the so-  called Jerusalem wheat as early as  1870. and under the name of Alaska  wheat, this identical vaiiety is still  being pushed upon the unwary at exorbitant puces toi seed. Almost equally exaggerated claims are made ioi  tho Sloner variety, but this particular  wheat has not such a, long history.  Because of the many attempts made  by promoters to foist thin wheat under one name or another on the farmers of tho country, the United States  department of agriculture has made  caieful tests of their value hi bulletin  357 the results' of these tests are said  to show conclusively that neither of  these varieties of \vheat possesses any  peculiar .quality which justifies high  piices for the seed. -,  As a matter of fact, the so-called  Alaska wheat belongs to the Poulard  sub-species. Poulard -wheats are grown  to some extent in the Mediterranean  region-of Europe, but not to any commercial extent in this country. The  tests of the wheat made by the department of agriculture in a number  of different conditions have never resulted in extraordinary yields and, in  many instances, not .even fair yields  have been obtained. Milling tests  have shown also that in this respect  Alaska whgat is not as good as many  other widely grown varieties.  These facts, however, have not prevented tho promoters at various times  from asSerting that yields of from J00  to 222 1-2 bushels an acre .can be obtained from this wheat.  * These pretensions have been bolstered up by .financial1' explanations of  its origin. According to one authority-the probabilities are that the Jerusalem wheat, which Dr. Kcemle had  'in J807, originated in Palestine. A  traveler brought a 'small sheaf of it  back with him to Ireland and hung  it as a sign above the alehouse which  he kept in Dublin.  - A farmer chanced to pick up some  seeds from the sheaf, planted them,  and some years later sold the produce  of several acres at about $3.60 a lb.  Some,of tins seed was brought over  to America and distributed among the  members of the Philadelphia Society  for the Promotion of Agriculture. In  this way it probably came to the  knowledge of Dr. Keemle. The members of the society, however, do not  appear to have appreciated, it, for it  created no stir in this country.  *- This is tlie most authentic explanation of its introduction that we have.  A favorite storv with promoters is to  the effect that "when tho coffin of an  Egyptian mummy '-i.000 or 4,000 years  old was opened some wheat was  found in rt. the seed was planted,  but only a single kernel grew.  This, however, was a wondeiful  yicldcr arrd very different from any'  other wheat known. This story is responsible for such names as "Mummy," "Wheat 3,000 iears Old."  "Egyptian"  and "^Miracle."  It is, of course, an absurdity, for  even under the most favorable conditions seeds of wheat do not keep their  vitality more than a few years.  In 1908 this wdieat was brought forward again, this time not as a product of Egypt, but of Alaska. It was  asserted that an Idaho farmer had  found in a secluded spot of the Alaskan coast a wheat plant with a  branched head. He had brought back  one head, sowed its seed that fall (in  1904), obtained 7 pounds to sow in  1905, and by 1906 had 1,545 pounds, an  increase of 220 fold. From this it  was argued that one bushel of seed  per acre would produce 220 bushels.  A seed grain company had obtained  the seed from the farmer and would  dispense it at the rate of .1>20 a bushel.  Upon investigation the department  round that" about 700 acres of the  wheat were being grown for the company in Idaho. "'The average yield an  tore was'estimated, not at 220 bushels  The Gasoline Shortage  Western   Canada * May   Plan   an    Im-  portanjy Part ' in    Solving  the Difficulty  Hard on the wheels of the automobile    comes    a problem   born   of its  popularity.    Ten years ago the automobile was built for men of wealth.  Its cost made it the symbol of    that  class which does not mind the price.  With a one-lunger at fifteen hundred  but at 25 bushels.  This investigation was followed hy  a warning notice from the department  and also by a fraud order from the  postofnee department against the advertising material circulated by the  company. In spile of this fact, however, another campaign was begun in  1909 .and in 1915 the wheat was actually placed on exhibition at (he  Panama-Pacrfic exposition. Last year  also the same wheat was offered for  sale at $7 a bushel under the name of  Kgypiau scven-heaned wheat. At  other times this wheat has been sold  under the names of Eldorado, many-  Ileaded. Many-Spiked, Multiple-Headed, Reed Smyrna, Syrian and Wild  Goose.  The claims made hy the promoters  of the "Stouer" or "Miracle" wheat  are fully as exaggerated, though less  romantic,; than those of the Alaska  advocated.  According to the discoverer,  iir the  dollars, and the more adAranced two  and four cylinder cars at twice that  figiuc, the dieam of the horseless  cairiage vas the univeisal vehicle was  Utopian indeed.  But inventors and manufacture's  assured the public the dream would be  realized. 'I ho prices of a decade ago  were due to costly experiments, exclusive patents, and limited pioduction. These conditions would pass  away. One maker said lie would build  a car so cheap that the man who could  not afford to keep a hoise and bugiry  woifld drive it. This piomisc had been  literally fulfilled. In the United States  alone there are today'2,225,000 automobiles" in use, compared with 85,000 in  1005, and 10,000 in 1899. The automobile rides on the crest of popularity.  And born of this popularity comes  a problem, foreseen only by the more  astute. A gun without powder and a  locomotive without eoal arc of exactly  the same service ab an automobile  without gasoline, l'-normous etlorts  have been made by fho oil industry  to keep pace with the, demand. The  production of gasoline in the United  States has been increased from 0,680,-  000 barrels in 1899 to 41,000,000 barrels  in 1915, an increase of 512 per cent.  But in the same period the automobiles in use increased 22,150 per cent,  not to speak of the motor boats, motor  trucks, iann tractors, gasoline engines,  motor cycles  and  aeroplanes. -  , The situa-ron raced is an unusual  one. When,a shoitage occurs in wheat,  or cotton, or beef, or manufactured  products, the rising price induces a  greater production, and the balance  is, at least in some degiee, restored.  But gasoline is a natural product,  which, when consumed, cannot be restored. There is just so much gasoline, in the bowels of tho earth: when  it has been pumped oui, there will be  no 'more gasoline. And already the  day of exhaustion seems near at hand.  Secretary of the Interior Laire, of the  United States, iinds that ' some oil  fields are already 93 per cut. exhausted, and many of the biggest fields are  over fifty per cent, exhausted. Worse  still, the best gasoline fields are being  exhausted first.' The average production for 1915 was 6 1-2 gallons of crude  oil lo one gallon of gasoline, but iri  some of the big fields remaining,  forty gallons of crude oil are required  to produce one gallon of gasoline.  The matter is one of peculiar interest to Western Canada. With a prosperous farming community, a country  of great distances and good natural  roads, Western Canada is, par excellence, tho home of the automobile.  With millions of ac^s of fertile soil  unbroken by root, or stone, Western  Canada offers fields for motor traction  unknown in other lands Willi the  steadily increasing industrial importance of mixed agriculture, calling for  the gasoline engine en every farm, the  question of poVer supply is one ol  first importance.  And if may be that Western Canada,  which is so keenly interested in this  question, will play a big part in its  solution. Already oil wih a very high  gasoline content has been tapped in  Alberta, and it is impossible to say  what the luture may bring forth m  oil development in the ��������� province.  Enormous quantities oE wet gas (natural gas saturated with gaUMine) are  blowing into the atmosphere. By distillation this gasoline can be saved,  and some success has already attended  efforts in that direction.  Then there is the possibility of a  substitute liquid to take the place of  gasoline. Science is looking towards  alcohol, which can on pioduced from  many vegetable matters, and with  great sucess from potatoes. According  to Government returns Alberta grows  liioi-e potatoes to the acre than any  state in the United States, and these  potatoes are grown on cheap land compared with land varied at one hundred dollars an acre and more. After  potatoes have been used in the manii-  lacfure rf alcohol, the by-product  ma kits an excellent feed for stock. If  the imagination could giasp ihe unoccupied millions of Alberta's i>ch  acres producin" potatoes for the manufacture of alcohol, with the by-product being converted into beef, both  g.isoline and meat problems of civih-  zntion would be on a fair way to solution.  FEELING IN GERMANY AGAINST IHE  WAR LORD IS ON THE INCRE  ���������*%������ I  NEUTRAL  VISITOR TO   GERMAN^   IS  ASTOUNDED  There Has Been a Veritable Revolution of Feeling Against the  Continuance of the AVar, and .Many Signs of Civil Strife  ' -  Are Becoming More and More Apparent  -   ! o    Will Develop Resources  C.  P.  R.   Makes Plans  For  Instituting  Department of   Research  In discussion the plan of Lord  Shaughrif-ssy, iecently announced, of  establishing a departmenl of refcd.ircJi  in connection with Canadian railway  alhirrs, the Manitoba Fiec Piess savs  editorially.  "In wutimr of the foiesight, the  breadth of mental grasp anel the imagination which aie essential to :eal  efficiency in both statesmanship and  in captaincy in industrial development K. G. Wells points out that  these two forms of constructive leadership have a great deal in common.  That Lord Shaughnessy, of the C. P.  R.. furnishes a case rn point, is  brought freshly in evidence by the  announcement' that lie has made arrangements for the /-carrying on by a  specially chartered geological, chemical geologists, metorlogibts, metallurgists, engineers and managers of research work in regard lo the natural  resources and industrial possibilities  in the territory served by that railway  systenr. -Notwithstanding the advances made in the past quarter of a  century, only a small fraction of the  natural resources of ihe Dominion  has as yet been turned into practical  "Account. Oui- country has gold, silver, platinum, lead, zinc, antimony,"  oilshalc,. asbestos, mica, nickel, cobalt, manganese, magncsite, graphite,  talc, fclbpar, and other minerals, besides iron and coal, which have not  been investigated with anything like  scientific thoroughness. And the mineral lesouices are only one department of Canada's great natural endowment,  J lie London Daily Chronicle's Amsterdam correspondent sends an account of a visit lo Germany'and Belgium just made by a neutral of high  connection,  who saro:  .  "1 was m Germany about three  months ago when hope was Inah;  \ cidun had not brought il& disillu-'  fcjmimcnl. B,rt now I never could he-  Iicvh ,*ui entire national spirit could  ihanw so completely. There has been  a vciliable revolution in xeeline and  opinion. What astonished me more  lban anything,.el.se ������vas the outbreak  of feeling against, tlie Kaiser. I could  never Jiaye bfilieved such a change  pos.srblo to the German people. And  not only the people. The same snu-it  of revolt shows rts?lf anions the otiieis.  The Kaiser-, of course, has his bands  of surpporlers both in the "army and  among the people and in tins fact 1  sometimes thought 1 saw "sums of  civil strife, which is more and- more  threatening to rend (Terfnanyjn-tw-iin.  Very, soon, unless I completely' mistake the signs,- it will-.be only "pro-  Kaiser and anti-Kaiser, and- one side  or the other    w-ilK.bc-'driven   'out,61  sight. '������ ,'���������   ?'    -'. v '    . V,   ���������  .������ , <     - * .'* ���������<   / - - v '-'*  - -  M present, owing,to. thor;unwillihg-  noss of the great    majority to' bhow-^-  their ieenngs openly, * it-.* appears the ���������  pro-Kaiser party is ihe/st'ronger.' but  once there is an opeir broach I believe .  tlie   other*si will   prove /immeasurably  more numerous and-influehv-ial. If (he"  universal and*deep''desire of the en-.,  lire  people  has--any spower tcmake.f,  itself felt, in the councils of Germany,  their peace ought, not to; be far away.  "As ,for  the  condition of  Belgium,  what strikes one there is the dreadful scarcity of food. -For three months   -  the people of Brussels have    scarcely  \ seen a potato.   I often wondered, what   *  .1  j������-;A  "As   an   ilJustr.it.oii   of   the     slow- | ���������s /Sfs!S J������'- ^ ' ^% ^^  ness of tho development of such  re-' \\\e.. l?luled^l������!l.es. ���������s;sendiDg-<for. tlw  sources in many cases it may be men  tioned that at the time when the  management of .that railway system  decided to use Canadian hardwoods  for decoration and interior woik in  coaches and irr hotels, and in other  buildings, it was found that the source  ot supply was very limited. 'Although  the hardwood resources of our country aro immense, there irad'been littlo  development of these lesources, and  foreign woods were being largely ini"-  ported.  "The parent company of the 'Canadian organization which Lord Shaughnessy announces the establishment  of, with headquarters at Montreal, is  known the world over for* work -m  chemical, metallurgical and other research work, which its experts have;  clone, while the purpose is principally to make the most of natural resources and industrial possibilities in  the country served by the C. P. E..  everything possible m addition "^will  be done, it is announced to aid the  work of securing for Canada the place  where vast and varied wealth of natural resources (provided intelligence  and energy be used in making the  most of the possibilities they present,)  should command in the -world's industrial market."  Belgians.    I did hear a"'story .which  gave me some idea, of .what ,is, going  .  on.    It is the custom 'for. the ,lburgo-1  masters of the smaller Belgian to"wns>.  to send in a statement of tho urgent������  requirements lo headquarters at-Lru's-'  .  sets.    When  the supplies  arrived  in-,'  these small places' thore was of "course.,.'  a tremendous demand from,the popu->  la tion, but I was *issured that before *  the distribution'    lo the public ���������>t6pk.  place the officers of the German forces  there first had their pick.JWhen*tSey \'  'had finished there iftcn was not mucir '  left for the famished pe'cple."  Demand for Eggs  Lake of Pure Soda  spring    of  1004  noticed    a large  Some mot on being examined with  a view of receiving commissions in  the Koyal ..Naval Air Service have  been somewhat pu/./Jed to know why  they should have be:m questioned as  to their skill at cricket and-football.  The reason is simple. The authorities have, found that men who have  excelled in those, games have developed a keener eye and are more conr-  peent in tlie gentle art of bomb-  dropping.   .  His Wife���������I see that a celebrated  physician says that women require  more sleep  than men.  Rounder���������Does he? Then you'd better not wait   for me tonight, my dear.  bunch "of grass in Ids garden, which,  when headed,-proved to be wheat. It  had 142 stems or tillers, and he. became convinced that its remarkable  tillering capacity would make it a  very wonderful wheat.  The three great advantages which  he asserted that this wheat possessed  were that it would oulyield any other  variety anywhere, that it. sent up more  stems from one seed than any other  variety of wheat, and that 20 pounds  of seed an acre produced the maximum yields, while other varieties required   120 pounds.  These assertions were investigated  by the department in much more extensive experiments than it made with  the Alaska wheat. The. tests show  that the Stoner wheat is not so good  as some of the wheats now grown in  the eastern half of the. United Slates,  but, is somewhat belter than others.  On the whole, it is of average value.  Dining the service :n a little country  church Ihroe ladies w>-')e obliged io  hike shelter there from a heavy  shower.  The officiating minister, knowing  who they were, and wishing to be respectful to them, stooped down.to the  clerk, who was on his knees., and  whispered: "Three chairs for the  ladies."  The man, who was 'rather deaf, looked up. and shouted: "Three, cheers for  the ladies !" which .were given -������������������'4'-  hcarty good-will.   .      .  with  India lias 17,300,000 acres planted  to cotton avid expects a 191G crop of  3,687,000 bales of 400 lbs. each.  German Socialist Soldiers Executed  . Swiss Socialists report they have re-1  ceived.information that three German  officers and . thirtyrtwo' soldiers, all  yocialist.s, have been shot for distributing in the trenches, n. pamphlet concerning the second Socialist, peace  conference at Heimnierwald, near  Berne. A this conierenee protests  were -made by Socialists against the  methods of warfare which 'the delegates stated had been adopted by the  Germans.  Kcdlc.slb.o Hall, tire inheritance of  the Curzon family about two miles  outside of Derby, in the midlands of  Kngland, remarkable for a very large  circular hall, is the. model which was  copied when the Viceregal residence  at Calcutta was built, so that when  George .Nathaniel Cuwon became  Governor-General of India he had the  curious experience of living in a replica of his ancestral home.  Valuable   Possession    Soon  to   be Acquired by  Great  Britain  It is repoiled that before the war  one of the largest importers of soda  in Great Britain, had acquired vas"t  lakes in British East Africa with the  object of bringing about a startling  reduction in the pncc of soap. On  the outbreak of the war that ambition was scorched, but not killed.  General Smutz, by his recent victories in Umbugive find Salanga is  bringing the day perceptibly nearer  when the other great soda lakes in  East Africa belonging to the. encmy  will become one of "the new assets  of the British Empire. As soda enters largely into the manufacture of  soap, the soap king refoned to may  soon see the realization of his laudable dream.  Be that as it may, it is certain that  the capture of the great German colony will form one of the great prizes  of war.  The colony is the largest and most  piofilable of the German colonies,  with 7..0J,*").lJGfi inhabitants. The va-  lied u-Mjuices of a tcrrilory nearly  twice as large as Prance " are immense.  Among the known sodic deposits  some are subterranean .while inany  others in the desert regions of western America, South America, Africa,  Turkestan, etc., are on the surface.  It niay.be noted in this connection  that'.an.'important discovery, mode  recently in the centre of the" African  continent, was announced shortly before the war by Paul Kestner. the  eminent engineer of Lille. To tlie  east of the great Lake Victoria and  about 200 miles from th.e shore of the  Indian Ocean is a, lake with an area  of about twenty-five', square miles,  formed apparently of one single mass  of solid sesquicarbonate of soda, almost chemically pure. According to  Mr. Trowbridge, an 'English'engineer  who has explored it, soundings at  various points of Lake Magadi found  no bottom at nine feet. Possibly the  depth is twice, three times, or oven  ten times, as great as this.  "Mr. Trowbridge notes that the lake  is  fed   by( many   streams   that  bring  lo it water charged, and    sometimes  saturated,    with  carbonate    of soda,  which shows that tlie real deposit is  not the lake itself, but that there is  somewhere    another    deposit    of'unknown but enormous importance. This  is  washed   by waters that, carry    its  soda into the lake under the  boiling  sun of the, tropics, and then the water  I evaporates and deposits the salts."  For many years Canada * produced *  more  eggs  than* we needed,  and "we  were   able   to  make  large   shipments  abroad.    We  kept on  increasing ,our  poultry,   but  at  the  same   time    our.  towns and cities were growing in size  and the consumption of eggs increased more rapidly than the "production.  The result was that, our exrjorts gradually disappeared, and strange to say,  agricultural  Canada  became   an  egg-  importing country. , People were surprised to learn through the press that-  shipments  came  in, -sometimes  from  Russia and frequently from  China���������;  two    of tho    greatest    egg-producing  countries   in , the   world." Of   recent  years   enormous   quantities  of-   cold-'  storage eggs from^the United  States  have been brought in to make up for  our deficiency.    Since the war broke ~  out the  foreign  supplies    for    Great  Britain have been seriously interfered -,  with.    Trade   with   Kussia  has   been* -.  largely cut off.    There was, therefore'  an opportunity for the shipment   "of -  Canadian eggs  to Great Britain.  In the Patriotism and production  campaign of last year it was stated  that there would be a deficiency "of '  100,000,000 eggs in Great Britain, thus  opening up an enormous market to  Canada. In addition- to the regular  consumption there has been an * increasing demand for stnctiy tresh  eggs for hospital requirements. The  clil] for fresh eggs lias been as- insistent as the call for socks and Red  Cross funds. Canadian eggs inspected and giaded have found a ready  maikel. This market can be held during the war and after the war if we  aie  reads*  To  la,*:<?  advantage  of  it.  Particular attention is given to this  question   in     The   Agricultural     War  Book for lOlfi.    The outlook as to demand  and   prices  is  such  as to  war-,  rant our people in giving careful con-  *-ideration   to   it.   Thousands  of  families who do not keep fowl have here  an opportunity.. Instructions arid suggestions   are   available   in  every   province.    The  Dominion  Department of  Agriculture   has   a.number  .of     very  valuable bulletins, and every province  of     I'.'inadfl     has     a    well-organized  Poultry Branch  ready to give .advice.  It   is   the   most   interesting   problem.  The   United   States..-;calculation's    are  that the average  hen" ori the "average  lays 70 eg^sper year.; pin -Canadian'  hen,   partly   from  'cnm'atie treasons,  falls short of this���������some calculate by  at least 20 egg's.    The profitable flock  should  show   an ������������������ average  of  at  least  P20 eggs.    The-work -Carried.'on in developing  bred-lo-Iay fowl and  the results  of ���������egg-laying  contests open  up  a  most Interesting field.    The record  is  today held by a hen in Delaware.^  This hen laid po less than 314 eggs in  one   year.     Last' year  the   Canadian  hen did her duty, the  biggest ever���������  ?30,000,0()0.    She can' do much better  if we give her a chance.    There are.  thousands of families in villages and  towns who can keep a small flock at  very little expense,   thereby    serving  their  own   table   and   helping  to  increase  the.   exports.    Even with  eggs  we can help finance the  wo/r.    Meat  prices arc advancing and the cost ol  living is going up.   Only half'a doxen  e������gs    will  be. a great,    help    lor the  home-table.   Perhaps, in addition.-von  can   put,   away  half   a  doyen   ioi   u*-'  next fall and winter.  .--CKS-1  w^fs^^mmmk^h^^ -a^fe-s^  ..V*v-Mk&i  -   ���������*���������*&*������������������;:  i    ������������������       Si1*  r*3&ad&������&-J!!i>S^  ���������v.  rfPL-  fi^JBl  * 5B^HBHH  .���������.L**_  ��������� iinrDtr^T'i "Mu^ifiMMiMi^ipwi i-f t  '���������    '"  ' '  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  ��������� ; i  11  \< '  If,  I1*  I'L'  h  If:  hi '  i  I;  -* **  ft  J-:-������k  i:  m:  f  p-  W'  m  It 51-  Mr  II  P'  #  '*-  -������S1  11 f  iH t  mi  m t-  Hg ���������'  in  a.*'  vai  .  ��������� -v-ps^*****->'5.-  \-������*������������fc  ���������JJf'iV"*'*^  ^M ���������  htm  H*"  >:. ������������������������������������������������������������;.     ��������� :���������  ' *���������* ������ V*    ���������*��������� T      l    - ���������  r   .  + %.;���������������.*���������*-j'/  t> -������ -\ --. ������*\       . ������'  ���������'BO  /    -  -*, ���������**���������  **afi3.W!*  /)/&pte/2o&j7%//e I  ma Pss/el 7&������fe/& g���������  Jo/������P&r//eJ'  <^������f4  j..-  JfercJ}/jt&?/: Qfc//-  JS 25K//$/%/<5>/Z������f  QTz/pp/e afl������//?e  Qu&//?/jyo7y&rerf  Qf///r Jbs/ffi?/y?4a/z  SHE refuses to be left behind in the fashion race, does Miss Sixteen, and  there is no fear that Fashion will forget her, either. So many of the  present modes are designed for youthful figures that the younger girl  will have no trouble in getting stylish things suitable to her years.  Where sports styles might look like anachronisms on her mother, they  are more than appropriate for the girl who has barely forgotten her tomboy  days,, A jersey silk slip-on style is pictured for her favorite sport. The blouse  is of the striped silk in regulation sports green, the tie to match. The skirt  is a plain jersey weave of white, kilted to admit of unrestricted movement  There is a vest of the plain white run between rows of pearl buttons on the  blouse. Her hat is felt underneath and white straw on top. Plain wash silks  come in such pretty stripes that their use is very practical for sports clothes,  a white crepe de chine skirt not being so unpractical, either, as it looks.   .  The street suit that every girl needs at every time of the year should  not be conspicuous. Dark blue serge in a light-weight weave makes a suit  with simple belted lines. The rever facing, ornamental straps and crushed  girdle are taffeta to match the blue of the suit. This is a many-buttoned affair, fastening with loops of the serge. A Salvation lassie bonnet is demure  enough for any young girl. It makes use of the new color, chartreuse, in a  velvet ribbon for the style note.  A one-piece dress for street or school wear should find a place in her  wardrobe. Again the stand-by blue serge has been used and lightened with  a dash of red in the sash tassels and bound buttonholes. This high-throated  style might not be becoming to every girl; but where it can be worn it must  be acknowledged it is stunning. Georgette crepe sleeves of blue make this  dress less heavy for spring. Deep pleats run from the yoke to skirt bottom  and are girdled by a loosely-tied sash of the material.  Gray is becoming more and more popular for the young girl, especially  when it is lightened with coral or blue. A gray ground with scattered buds  of roses in a foulard weave forms the bands on gray Georgette crepe. The  skirt is a full gathered model, its fullness confined to girdle depth by the three  rows of velvet ribbon in the rose shade. The flowing sleeves ar������ graceful and  the handkerchief fichu relieves the gray at the neck line.  Pastel shades for evening are the mode, without a doubt. Here the young  girl is again in her element, for always the soft delicate colorings suggest  youth. A frock of lavender tulle has been skillfully combined with turquoise  taffeta. The quaint quilling at the skirt bottom is also of the taffeta. Tiny  rosebuds weight the tulle points. Fruits and flowers girdle the waist. A very  new and not unbecoming note is the short shoulder cape of silver-threaded  lace which stops abruptly in the front, but continues across the back.  Surely fashion is kind to the younger girl this seasoa, Let her show her  gratitude by being becomingly and stylishly dressed.  "|.r������i''.,)j,i-l^qinr''.    .������������������ilMWE'WW  ���������{'������������������������  .- 3  ''A  *>-sjp*,j-: -ft* \  j .'';   ���������;���������  THE ^  GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  The Need For, -\'.';  *   Cleaner Seed  ���������I -^  .At Terminal Elevators, at Port Arthur  and Fort William, in a Year 100,-  '000 Tons Were Deducted  . -The, need for careful cleaning of  ���������seed grain is apparetn when it is  stated that in one year the amount  of dockage for weeds at the terminal  elevators at Port Arthur and Fort  William  amounted  to  100,000  tons.  Needless  to  say,    the farmer paid  the  cost  of  harvesting this  crop  of  weeds,  the  cost of threshing it, the  cost of additional binder    twine    to  hold it in sheaf alogn with the good  grain, the  cost of hauling  it to  the  elevator,    and    the    cost of railway  .transportation, to say nothing of the  loss    incurred    by    the  amount    of  moisture  and"  plant  food    of which  .they  robbed the growing  grain   and  the cost of additional cultivation en-  [tailed the following year.  In a'recent speech thi Hon. W. Ft.  ^Motherwell quoted the annual , loss  fin' Saskatchewan due to weeds as  1$25,000,000. "When the farmers  Lstdp to realize the loss, of moisture  iwitli the consequent loss of crop,  liue Jto the growth of noxious weeds,  land that the aggregate loss in Saskatchewan-is at least $25,000,000 per  fannum,", said the provincial minis-  rter of agriculture, "it is hoped and  [oelieved that more attention will be  ���������>ald to this serious inroad into our  [annual ^profits with the view of re-  fducing this ever growing menace  Jto the .possible miniumurn."  .An *Ottawa government report  fdealing .with the 100,000 tons of  [weed seed docked U the lake termin-  |al' elevators during 1913 says: "The  [transport charges on this, material  tjfrom the western grain fields to ,the  [lake front were estimated at $650,-  1000. , Most of the screenings from  Ithe terminal elevators have been ex-  Iported to the United States, where  tthey' have been reck-anod and used  [in 'various forms for" the feeding of  live' stock. It was further shown  khat the feeding stuffs manufactured' from screenrngs not properly re-  [cleaned sometimes contain, thous-  |ands of vital noxious weed seeds  per lb. - It - is especially desirable  [to screen out the flner black seeds  [by means of a one-fourteenth inch  [perforated zinc screen.*  "These small..black seeds are not  fanly useless as ; fed, but "are' expensive adulterants ' aad their ad-  l mixture in any considerable quant-  Jjty .makes the feed unpalatable for  [.all kinds of stock. Such material  " should -never, be fed, as it is liable  [to .introduce weeds entailing the loss  [ot- thousands 'of dollars. The conclusion is that-more attention to the cleaning of grain as it is threshed will save  flhercost of transporting the screenings to the - terminal elevators and  ���������will, leave the grower in possession  of much valuable feed, which, if'he  .does' not need for his own use, will  find���������ready sale among live stock men.  "In connection witn this, subject,  the following communication . has  "been received from our" crop -report-"  ing correspondent, Mr. F. J. Bonner,  .of Ladstock, Saskatchewan: "I read  your pamphlet on grain screenings  jand particulars on dockage for weed  seeds. One - hundred thousand tons  seems an imemnse weight to be  hauled to the terminal elevators at  s. loss, but so long as tho farmers  go on cultivating more land than  they can attend to properly, the  same thing will continue, especially while prices keep high. There  is a very large quantity of weed  seeds in the grain this year, as the  newspapers were urging the farmers to put in all the crops they possibly could, and the hurry of threshing this year with all the grain almost in the "stook has prevented it  being well cleaned by the machines,  .especially when damp, as the weed  seeds will ,not blow out.  " 'The enormous amount of seeds  you mention in some samples leaves  one wondering how there is any good  seed left. -/lany farmers carelessly  sow grain uncleaned, or only just  run it once ihrough an old useless  fanner; if they would take the  -trouble to clean the grain and above  jill plow the land properly and bury  ���������the weed plants, the 100,000 tons  you mention would soon dwindle,  and in no other way can this be  .done. On small areas, cattle turned  on the stubble will clean off a great  .quantity of weeds, but in large areas  out in the west none are kept"  ���������  __^___  Elevator For Fish  To enable migratory fish to pass  guch barriers as waterfalls and dams  when ascending a river to spawn, the  ��������� Canadian commissioner of fisheries  .has developed an elevator,which is apparently practicable."' It has been  placed in service at a 24-foot fall in  the St. Croix river, N.B., and is operating successfully, according to advices.  In part, the device consists ov a vertical shaft erected several feet from  the falls. Guides, or walls, radiate  from both sides of the structure to the  ���������opposite banks of the stream, so that  fish are led to it. A cage in which the  ]atteT are trapped and carried to the  top of the shaft,- where they are automatically . dumped into a sluiceway  and discharged into the water on the  upstream'side of the barrier, is hoist-  -ed by means of a counterpoise tank  which is periodically filled with water  from a supply, reservoir surmounting  the tower. The cage and tank -arel ���������"������������������"*-���������  -cured to the opposite ends of a cable  that passes over pulleys at the top of  ��������� the shaft.  The fish compartment Is provided  with two doors, one at eacii end. When  it is at the bottom of the shaft'beneath the water one of these gates la  raised to permit fish to enter.   On the  ��������� other hand, an auxiliary door on the  shaft lets down and prevents fish  from swimming around to the back  side  of the guides or into the space  -normally    occupied    by  the   carrier,  ' when  the    latter    ascends.���������-Popular  Mechanics Magazine. ���������'  Slim   Summer    Hotel    Boarder���������I  . couldn't sleep last "-ight for the cold.  How did you make out??  ^ Fat Summer Hotel Boarder���������Fine  ?>saA dandy. We put the railroad  ������j5<iket and the hotel folder on the  and then covered everytning up  Uhtr- pronsistor's bill.  i: Von Tripitz Retirement  Retirement of German  Naval Officer  One   of the  Sensations of the  ~   '      ' War  The passing of Grand Admiral Alfred von TirpitA Tirpitz the Eternal,  as he was called, -uiust t-*- one of the  sensations of the war in Germany.  The emperor's personal influence was  once solicited in behalf of a young officer who von Tirpitz had disciplined.  "You'll have' to get along with him as  well as you can," said'the unsympathetic emperor, "that's what I have to  do." The story illustrates the importance of-the grand admiral as a factor  in the imperial policy no less than the  masterful temper of the man. He it  was who created and maintained the  modern navy of Germany, not William II. To the man in the street  Von Tirpitz ia known chiefly as the  organizer of , "submarine' warfare,"  the, advocate of "frightfulness" on  the sea. The notoriety has given him  a bad name, which doubtless he richly  deserves.  To chose who are familiar with his  remarkable career, the Yetirement  of Von Tirpitz is the fall of a  mighty pillar of the empire. He has  been as great in naval affairs as  Bismarck was in diplomacy. When  the duel in dreadnought building with  England began the German people  were not interested in the navy. It  was necessary for the admiral to  educate them, which he did with a  publicity bureau the like of which  has never been known in any other  country. Bu������~ that was ouly half the  battle. To get the Reichstag to adopt  a naval ' programme that contemplated rivalry with England was an almost superhuman task, and then  there was the voting of 'appropriations in lean as well as fat years,  with the army clamoring for increase and new equipment. The  preamble to the naval law of* 1900  declared that "Germany must have  a fleet of such strength that a. war  even against the mightiest naval  power would involve such risks as  to threaten the supremacy, of that  power."���������New York Sun.   .  Varieties of Alfalfa  Some Alfalfa    Experiments    Made in.  North Dakota  Twenty-two different kinds of alfalfa have been experimented with on  the high plains of the western part of  North Dakota. These included  strains from Europe; Asia and South  and North America Parts of these  experiments were conducted during  the winter of 1906-7, one of the severest the western States has ever experienced.  In spite of the persistently low temperature of the winter, some alfalfa  lived through on all plats, including  even the very tender Peruvian variety, which killed out badly that winter as far south as the Panhandle of  Texas, and again during the mild winter of 1908-9 as far south as Stock-  'ton, Kansas. This extraordinary re-  .suit'in Dakota was due -tov-the character of the weather. Autumn drought  and the i gradual approach of cold  weather hardened the tissues, of the  plants, enforcing gradual and perfect  dormancy. A protective 'covering of  snow came in December and remained until nearly the end of March. To  these factors and the gradual return  of spring was due the fact that a percentage of all strains came safely  through  the winter.  The important point, however, is  that Grimm alfalfa and two Turkestan  strains sustained no loss whatever.  There can be little doubt that Grimm  and the Ontario variegated originally  came from the same source, near the  borders of Germany and Russia, and  are, in fact, identical in origin. They  are both alike hardy and suited to Ontario   conditions.���������Toronto   Globe.  The Foreiglier : Movies and Their Mission  Anrl     Pl*}*rfcll"S!"vi"f'"BrrYr"S   Educational Value of Moving Pictures  Aim jrroniDition      Not Yet Propeply Rejized  Foreigners In the West Are Opposed  to the Liquor Traffic  - The attitude of the foreigners of  Saskatchewan and Manitoba towards  prohibition will be welcome news to  many  of your readers.  Rev. R. G. Scott of Saskatchewan  tells us that when all the bars had  been closed, the government opened  twenty-three liquor stores for those  who thought they could not do without alcohol. Provision ha*d been made  that these stores could be closed or  others opened, according to the wish  of the people, at the municipal elections in November. The entire province had been divided into liquor districts. Voting took place in seven  districts, in three of which liquor  stores" had already been established,  and in four other districts an attempt  was made to open new stores. In  every district the result was decisively in favor of total abstinence. In the  three districts where government  stores had been in operation, they  wore all wiped out by a vote of about  two and a half to one. In the four  districts wh'ere an effort was being  made to open stores all the attempts  failed by a vote of about the same  relative proportions.'  Particular interest had been attached to our dis-rict, as the population  was largely foreign. The presence of  large colonies of Galicians, French,  Germans and Hungarians was thought  to be a strong force to overcome.  These people had always been accustomed to use, liquor whenever they  had the opportunity. \Every wedding  and every holiday was celebrated with  plenty of liquor. Few l>were abstainers and none too poor to procure d.  There was almost no organization, so  that what temperance work was done,,  was in most cases by individuals, but  the result wi    very encouraging.  A foreigner told me that he had always been a drinker and- that if a  vote had been taken when the bars  were first closed there would have  been many liquor stores open. However, he thought the people had found  out in four months that they got  along very well without it and had  more money than they ever had before. He said that few wanted' the  stores opened now.  A young Frenchman who has a family and is a good worker, said to me,  "The bar got me a good many times.  I spent a lot of money and lost a lot  of time.    I am glad tho bar is gone  and we don't want the thing back  again.-' In the rural municipality of  Fish ^Oreek where the population is  almost entirely Galician, it was  thought tlie people would vote strongly for a liquor store, but it went dry  b- more than two to one. Wakaw village, where we have a very mixed  population, went dry by 47 to 16. What  has been done in such a district can  surely be done in any place in Can-  r ada.  I Coming to Manitoba, we find the foreigners quite as hostile to the liquor  traffic- In-Winnipeg-alone there were  five Ruthenian,* three 'Scandinavian,  and three Icelandic papers that would  not even print a liquor advertisement. Perhaps that will take soim  of the conceit out of us, and let us see  that the foreigner has more brains  than we gave him credi. for. Let as  wake up and press forward.���������H. Ar-  nott, M.C.P.S.  What John A. Said  Because of a misquotation, a characteristic story of one of the greatest  men Canada ever had, has been recalled to memory. The misquotation  made Sir John Macdonald say, 'T want  friends to stand by me when I am  wrong or mistaken; anybody will  stand by you when you are on the top  wave of success." That is too much  like a cry for help to be the language  of Sir John. Here is the whole story:  A new member of parliament, desirous of impressing the Dominion maker with his virtue and his importance, said: "I will stand by you, sir,  when you are right." "Oh," replied  the premier, "the Grits will do that;  what I want is a man who will stand  by ma when I am wrong." Sir John  was just human enough to be wrong  at times, and honest enough to admit  it. But he objected to the judgment  of the self-righteous. ��������� Christian  Science Monitor.  Average   Varue   of   Farm   Lands  For the whole of Canada the average of farm land held for agricultural purposes, whether improved or  unimproved, and including the value  of dwelling houses, farms, stables and  other farm buildings, is approximately $39 per, acre. Last year the average, value was returned at -$38.41. By  provinces the averages per acre  range from $22.48:in New Brunswick  to about $125 in British Columbia,.the  values for. tho other, provinces being  as follows: Prince Edward Island,  $37.64; Nova .Scotia, $28; Quebec,  $51.36; Qntario, $52.49, Manitoba,  $30.36; Saskatchewan, $24.20 and Alberta,$23.15.. In British Columbia the  higher average is due to orcharding  and fruit growing.���������Census and Statistics Monthly, Ottawa.  More" Aid Wanted For Belgium"  The Belgian relief committee at Ottawa is about to receive a further appeal for funds from Canada. Although  the general appeal has secured one  and a half millions, sterling, this is a  million pounds below the sum required.  More than one million of the total  received came from Australia and  New Zealand. All money from Canada will be spent entirely In buying  and supplying food to tho distressed  Belgian people.  Lord Robert Cecil has stated that  the imperial government is satisfied  with the manner in which the relief  commission has carried on its work.  Unattached Officers  May Become Privates  Opportunity to Officers Without Command to  Prove   Their  Loyalty  Unattached officers with no prospect of attachment, will have an opportunity for service. This opportunity may lower their pride, but will  prove tneir loyalty. In effect, a regulation has been passed by commanders of the various divisions asking unattached officers to enlist as privates.  Special consideration will be extended, and they will be promoted to non-  coms, at the earliest opportunity.  They ,may even regain their rank in  time.  The problem of the unattached officers has been a thorn in the side ~f  military progress since the early  months after the outbreak of the war.  It is also the greatest barrier to recruiting. The commanders of the  various units in the third division will  shortly receive a letter from headquarters asking that the above procedure be adopted.  Throughout Canada in every city  and small town there are countiess  officers who have no prospect of becoming affiliated with any regiments.  Winnipeg is seething with young  subalterns. Toronto is howling protests daily to the militia authorities.  Toronto is the best recruiting ground  in the Dominion at that Ottawa is  fully alive to the ridiculousness of the  condition, though the burden of ..the  unattached is borne more by Kingston, the third divisional headquarters.  Lt.-Col. McLean of the 207th, who  is in Montreal-, was . one of the first  to place the young officer on the taboo list. There are a few young subs  in the 207th. Their physical fitness,  athletic prowess and general excellence, however, merited their attachment. The majority are old experienced officers. In fact there are as  many returned. war veterans in this  battalion both officers and privates. .  The shortage of experienced officers is being felt largely by the batteries in the course of instruction.  Moulding artillery officers is a long  and arduous process. It has been  found that many inexperienced officers have to be attached because they  are t/he  only ones   eligible.  In asking officers to voluntarily reduce themselves in rank the authorities are simply giving the boys a  chance to prove their loyalty.  Don't Waste Time Doctonng Sick Hens  The farm poultryman has little  time or inclination to doctor sick  fowls and even large exclusive  pouitrymen have little success in  treating fowls that are really sick.  Prevention of disease may be accomplished in a satisfactory manner, but the treatment of disease  in fowls once well established is  very disappointing. Cleanliness is  the preventive.  What la the matter with the  movies? Their course of development  makes many shudder at the prediction  that the dramatic performance of the  future will be found too costly for any  purpose except the making of films.  The absence of the spoken word forces  the necessity of exaggeration in many  features. This is seen in the coarseness of the comedy presented. Grotesque buffoonery and violent horseplay predominate The board of censors for the state of Pennsylvania  finds that 20 per cent .of the films  examined are of this class and present these objectionable features. The  need of appealing to the child mind  may also make for exaggerations that  are  stupid and weakly startling.  The juvenile audience is a new feature, and while it is considered from  the amusement standpoint in some of  the burlesque scenes, it is generally  ignored, from a broad educational and  moral standpoint, in the fervid melodramas. These make1 up 75 per cent  of the films examined by the Pennsylvania state board of censors, whose  systematic classification is certainly  enlightening Lurid scenes of murder,  arson, burglary, highway robbery,  theft, assault, train wrecking, and  other crimes of violence make up the  bulk of what is presented for popular  entertainment. Defectively balanced  minds are moved not by the logic hid  away in the impossible scenes, but by  the law of suggestion working through  them. The protest against censorship  to a child standard or to an unbalanced mind standard is familiar, but the  course pf-movie development is largely a response to the demands of the  unbalanced and the child mind. The*  shock of wild exaggeration is needed  to arouse excitement or hold a jaded  interest.  The amazing growth of the movies  imposes the necessity of another  course of development toward general  recognition. The five per ceut. of  films found normal and wholesome,  varied in their appeal, show that a  start can be made toward better conditions. Public indifference and lack  of discernment are largely due to the.  fact that to many the movie is still  only a great curiosity. So great is the  wonder at scenes being depicted at  all that sufficient thought is not be-  stow,ed on their nature, lessons and  influence. This attitude will soon pass,  and a critical and/ disc rning public  will be found effectively supplementing and completing the work of official censorship.���������Toronto Globe.  Soldiering in India  Cheerfully   Fight   Their   Turkish   Co-  Religionists  "The Indians have not been fooled  by the, German propaganda, and India is the safest place in the world,"  is the'message from Sultan Mohammed Aga Khan, spiritual head of the  millions of Islamier Moslems, as direct descendant of Mohammed, and  one, of the most influential of Mohammedans whose territory to England  has just been rewarded by a salute of  11 guns and the rank of first class  chief of the Bombay presidency. His  highness, recently interviewed in  Paris, said:  "People attach overmuch importance to reports of Indian sedition  which is really due to an insignificant  handful of agitators. The country, as  a whole, is contented, loyal and fully  satisfied with English rule, the benefits of which it appreciates The attempts by German gold to stir up religious ill-feeling ?mong the Indian  Moslems have been perfectly fruitless.  My people cheerfully fight their Turkish co-religionists in the Mesopotamia  or Gallipoli just as fellow Christians  kill each other in France. Soldiering  in India is a regular profession to  which men are trained from childhood and is not a question of conscription or volunteers. It is absurd to  suppose that professionals whose trade  Is war would hold back when business  became brisk.  "But if the Germans tried to invade  India they woud be surprised by the  reception, but I believe the whole  scheme was a bluff. Moreover,  Afghanistan, which i3 far less friendly to Great Britain's enemies than  they imagine, would have proved an  Impassable barrier. Even against  Egypt their proposed expedition was  more a step to Turkish ambitions than  a serious invasion. In Cairo, I am  sure, the Turko-German plan was  never organized with the thoroughness that generals apply to genuine  efforts.  "Except at the time when the Em-  den cut the trade routes momentarily  India has been almost untouched by  the war, which people followed with  Interest, but with the utmost confidence in the allied victory We know  that the British always end by winning." ,  About Pacifists  What Would Have Happened If  Heroes Had Been Against War  If the great heroes of the past had  all been pacifists.  There would have been no William of Orange to resist the Duke of  Alva, and the Spanish Inquisition  would have been established in full  power throughout all western Europe from the Mediterranean to the  Baltic.  There would have been no Oliver  Cromwell to resist the despotic rule  of the Stuarts, and England would  have become a second Spain.  There would have been no French  Revolution, and the France of tho  Bourbons as Young described it in  his travels and as Dickens protray-  ed it in "The Tale of Two Cities,"  would be in all essentials the France  of today.  There would; have been no George  Washington, no American Revolution, no Declaration of Independence,  and on this western continent no  republic "conceived in liberty and  dedicated to the proposition that all  men are created equal."  Happily for the human race, the  spirit which seems to animate a  portion of our present congress did  not    animate    their   Dutch, English,  I French   and   American    ancestors.���������  New York Outlook.  Tame a Silk Worm  And Reap Results  Possibilities of a Great Trade in the  Last   Foe   Colony  In view of the progress of Gener.il  Smuts' campaign in German East  Africa, the last of the German colonies, attention is being given by  British manufacturers and merchants  to the economic possibilities of that  colony. In particular, the president  of the silk association has just directed attention to the wild silk of the  Anaphe silkworm, and has suggested  that when German East Africa  changes hands this raw silk will afford a good opportunity for British  silk manufacturer"!  The Anaphe silkworm occurs, as a  matter of fact, in many parts of East,  West and South Africa, and samples  of the silk from Uganda were examined some years ago at the Imperial  Institute, which introduced -the product to the notice of leading silk  manufacturers in this country.  At that time it was doubtful wheth-  the price British manufacturers could  offer would pay the cost of collection  of the scattered nests of cocoons. The  Imperial Institute accordingly suggested that the government entomologist in Uganda should be asked to investigate the possibilities of "domesticating" the wild Anaphne and cultivating it in plantations of the trees  on'which it feeds, so as to reduce the  cost This^ has now been found quite  practicable. A new and cheap raw  material for the spun silk industry  would be of such importance that it is  to be hoped energy anc" capital will be  forthcoming for the development of  this industry in Uganda, whence a certain amount of the silk is already being exported, and aiso in other British African colonies.  'Specimens of Uganda raw silk and  of vyarns and fabrics manufactured  from it can be seen in the public exhibition galleries of the Imperial Institute, S.W.  Uncle Sam's Shells  Allies  Dangerous Guests  Brave Frenchman Who Was Executed  by Germans  For Assisting  His  Countrymen  In a general army order, General  Joffre brings to the knowledge of  France the, heroic behavior of Ca-  mille Eugene Jacquet, a tradesman  of Lille.  Condemned to capital punishment  by the Germans and executed in the  Lille Citadel on September 22, 1915,  for" having harbored, hidden, and  given help to French soldiers and  having helped them to escape, he  died as a hero unbandaged, crying  "Vive la France! Vive la Repub-  lique!"  For months this middle-aged wine  merchant, acting merely on the dictates of duty, devoted himself to 'establishing an "underground railway"  for many officers and men who succeeded in hiding in cellars when  Lille surrendered iu October, 1914. -  Day and night, M. Jacquet, according to the Matin, was aided by his  daughter. For weeks he fed his  dangerous guests, who, as occasion  arose, were guided by a Belgian professional smuggler across Belgium  and reached France via England.  Among the extraordinary, exploits  of this heroic man was the saving of  a flight-lieutenant, who on March 11,  with two other airmen, dropped  bombs on the German wireless station at Lille. Two machines got  back safely to their lines, but one  was forced to come down at the  gates of Lille. When German motor  mitrailleuses reached the spot the  machine was in riames, but no trace  could be found of the airmen. A battalion of infantry searched the countryside for miles around without  discovering him.  It was 5.30 p.m. when the airman  was forced down, and in spite of the  swarm of German patrols looking  for him by 11 o'clock that night he  was drinking tea at the Jacquet  house.  For a fortnight the officer regained in the house, and on March 28  he s-tartoJ off. accompanied by Mile.  Jacquet and the Belgian smuggler,  for the frontier. When leaving his  guide the officer asid: "I owe you a  call; I hope to see you again soon."  True to his promise in less than a  month, on April 22, he flew over  Lille and dropped the following message:   "Liuetenant     presents   his  respects to the commander of the  German forces in Lillo and regrets not  having been able to make his acquaintance during his pleasant stay in  the neighboruood."  The officer was accidentally killed in August last, but his constant  flights over Lille and the story of  his escape will make him live long  in the memory of the townspeople.���������  London Times.  Kuropatkin's Return  That Kuropatkin should now be restored to favor and entrusted with  high and responsible commands means  either that Russia is desperately in  leed of military talent or that Kuropatkin was a victim of bureaucratic  persecution and injustice after the  war with Japan. He is now to be put  to the test again, but he will lead an  army, not a mob, and his subordinates  will be competent and zealous. There  was never any doubt of Kuropatkin's  theoretical knowledge of war, and in  the Turkish campaign he had distinguished himself as Skobeleff's chief of  staff. In Turkestan and Samarkand  he added to his reputation. At thirty-  four he was a major-general and talked of as the successor of Skoheleff.  Kuropatkin was always a soldiers'  general and popular with the regimental officers.���������New York Sun.  The Dutch  people  occupy a country   which   contain s   12,630     square  miles���������little  more  than  one-tenth  of  the    size  of  Great  Britain  and  Ireland, the population being just over  6,000,000.    Holland    is   not  only flat,  it is hollow.    Hence its name���������"Hol-  lowland." Along the canals the meadows   are 10 feet or 12 feet, sometimes  more, beneath    the waterline. By the  sea,   at   high  tide,   there  may  be   a  difference   in  the  level    of  the   soil  and    of  the  ocean  of  quite   twenty-  five teet or more.  Not    Dependent  on  U.S.  Supplies of Explosives  Fc^  Despite the fact    that    the.United'  '  States   is   daily   sending   two   million  dollars worth or war materials acros������    ,  the  Atlantic, that country's contribu- ,'  tion  to the  munition supplies  of"th*������  '  allies is but "a drop, in the- bucket." t  Some  time  ago a semi-official  statement was made to the effect that th*������  United  States  furnished  less  than 2  per' cent.     Since     then     other   estl-   ���������>  mates  have   been  made   which  plac������  the figure at nearly 5 per cent. Even'  accepting the latter figure as the correct one, it is  evident that, the con- t  tributions niadS by the United States  are a very, very small proportion 'ot  the     total   number   of   shells   being  shipped to the front.  We have generally been led to be- ���������  lieve   that  the  Krupp factory  at  Es������   ,  sen  was    the largest munition  plant .  in the world.    Today the steel work*  alone     of     Sheffield   are     infinitely,  greater than the whole of the Kn*pr>  plant.    Already  upwards   of  twenty-  five million  dollars have  been  speat  in new  munition plants in. Sheffield,  and   with   the  additions     now   under  way,   fifty   million   dollars   worth of  new  plants   will .shortly    be  turning    i  out explosives from this one city. Upwards of 12,000 men are employed in,  shell   making  in   that  city,   while   a  number  equally large te   engaged, in  the  manufacture of-.cannon.  Today Lloyd George" " has nearly  3',000 plants engaged in the', manufacture of munitions, .employing?  nearly 1,000,000-men anaVwomen.'' In  addition to 'these'.plants; .under direct government 'supervision/, thera  are many other private factories*engaged .in the manufacture of sheila '.  and other war materials.-. '���������>���������  Canada   has ''hundreds^o'f factories  doing their bit,  while" Australia, New '  Zealand.   South  Africa ,and  even  In- ���������  dia   are     all "shipping; shells   to   th<3  Huns via France and Flanders.    .  France is probably" more thorough-..  ly organized  than"*mis' Great Britain,  and is turning out-millions of shells;,  Russia   has   taken   over* plants   very,  much    as    Lloyd George  did sin England, while    the' whole of , Japan has  been turned into a workshop for-the.  production of shells and other "munitions    for    Russia.    When to > these  countries   was   aaded   the" output* ot   -  Italy and  whatever Belgium'may ba*  abl*3 to do, the conclusion "reached is  that    while   the  supplies   from     the  United States are'very welcome, and  will help  in  smothering the German  guns,    the  allies t are : in no' way de-  pendent upon Uncle  Sam  for    their ?r  supplies   of   high   explosives. ^ v   >  Holland as a War Factor,  ���������-������������������     -- -. ,  . * (- ?  Has Only a Small Army, but Men Aro  Well   Trained \ '-* ,  Apart from aiding the allies by giving opportunities to 'them to attack  Germany on an open flank, Holland ,  probably could be of but 'little fighting value were she to enter the European struggle in, these days when  armies are numbered in the millions  and dreadnoughts and battle cruisers  in the hundreds. The peace strength  of the active Dutch army is 47,660.  For some months past, however, the'  army has been up to war strength,  and this totals about 150,000. These  men are all, however, well trained, because of the compulsory system of  military service which exists. The  Dutch artillery is armed with Krupp  guns.  The Dutch navy consists of 7 battleships, 4 cruisers, 40 torpedo boats, six   '  submarines and a number of gunboats"  for coast defence. In addition to these  there  are at least eight  * detsroyers.  Four more  vere being built' in Germany when war broke out, but "thesa -  were taken sv-i by the Germans. Tho.  Dutch government   immediately,   laid-  down replace    boats   in Holland, and'  doubtless some    of these ahve been ,  since completed.  Holland  is     bo.-dered on the .south  by Belgium and on the east* by Gei>   ;  many. On the former side the country -  is quite level; on the latter more hil-    ���������  ly; the land frontier is open all round.  The  frontiers   tre  defended  by    fev?,  fortresses   On t^ese sides are'lines dl -  more or less permanent works, which  can  be  rendered  very difficult of attack by inundations    There are-also .  strong works on the coast. Amsterdam  itself is well fortified, the possibility  of inundations  there precluding    any  successful attack.   The coast defences  are in  good orcer.  The number of vessels belonging to  the Dutch mercantile marine at the  uL< jf 1913 (latest figures available)"  wa"s: Sailing vessels, 400 of 40,199  English tons; steamers, 387 of 647,436  English tons. The tonnage of Dutch  vessels which entered and cleared at  the ports of the Netherlands,in 1913  was: Entered, 18,198 000; cleared, 18,-  031,000. Many Dutch vessels are engaged in the carrying trade between  foreign ports.     ''���������'������������������  An Echo From Mons  The testimony of a nurse who had  been brought into contact with one of  the soldiers from the battle of Mons  was alluded to recently by a preacher  in a suburban pulpit In the" course  of her ministrations to her patient,  said the speaker, she mentioned, the  name of the Almighty, adding, as an  afterthought, "but perhaps, like some  of the other men, you don't believe in  God?"  "I used not to do so," was the quiet  reply, "but Mons changed all that;"  and the nurse felt, as she listened to  the plain, unvarnished words of the  young fellow, how intensely he felt  the reality of his experience. He  and some other men were in a chalkpit and they knew that the German  cavalry were approaching. Suddenly  he looked up, attracted by the bright  light around the edge of the-pit, and  saw distinctly the groups of guardian  angels. The horses of the enemy saw  them, too, and turned round, refused  to advance, and ultimately rushed  back beyond the control of their riders. This lull gave ' "the boys" a  chance of escape; and, added the  soldier earnestly, "I wasn't the only  one that saw them, Sister, and I dont  think any of us can feel just the same  after."���������Nursing Mirror,  A spendthrift is a person who save������  [his money for a rainy day, and thea  prays for rain.  ��������� *. iV'-i-j.  >t   , ���������,Va>-s*������ *  . '���������'%Ji'St  V.'v) 7 stg%  *" it *���������  ���������V.-'S^  ."4  V-  ���������'4  '.  ..*?  r    t  .'--vi  J.jl  - M  -J   iVl  -' '-II  ���������'. 41  .*- A'I  :*H  1  -vi  "i  " 'I  - .'*���������  "���������' 'r" Tij-*   -"A, ���������*������'  rW,:  C   U  ������*T5WWfsnut���������mi  '},|$'j$j-i������i)g^  ������������������.^���������'.������������������''���������'������������������'''������������������"���������^^^  v������.6^"e>W������**i**;tt. 5H59WH!  THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.  b7   0.  y^Ss  IfrJi"  ���������������  m  111*  I  ������-���������  Jr.'i  ������tf!  SI  11  pi.  pi  pi  m  I|  3p  ���������������.'l  I*?-  W  M  ml  I   *': I  ������:  m  .1  iu : f  trr!  Enemy Sub Now  Fires Blindly  Raided   by   Sound   Alone,   Torpedo   is  Launched  at Approaching Ship  'A illiarn G. Shepherd, of the United  fresh, writes- German submarine-,  have abandoned the periscope in most  instances imd are shooting -without  looking, according to reports current  in Bijrne. The ���������torpedoes are now  filed by sound alone.  During the past twenty sinking-;  in British waters, iioone has seen a  hiilmiar inc, and in hut few case-' has  ihe white wake oi the torpedo been  observed. Only the discovery of  hron/.e bits of toi pedocs *or the nature  ol the explosion has offered proof that  the ships  were Mrhmarinc victims.  if tho periscopes submarine is a  success;",, survivors of torpedoed ships  will never again he able, to say: "We  4.11 w the, trail of the pci.sieopc in iho  water."  Tlu"* new periscopeies"- submarine,  no it is described iu Switzerland, has  a great stool dis*k for an ear, on  either side of the boat. Telephone  receivers, connected with those disks  lead to the ears of the officers, and  the approach of a ship is heard with  unimst likeable   definitcnoss.  As the ship approaches the noise  becomes louder in one ear or the  other.  When the submarine commander  hears an equally loud noise in each  ear he knows that the ship is straight  ahead.  "Fire!" he orders, and the torpedo  shoots towards tho surface, at a carefully calculated angle, hitting the s'.ip  well below tho water line.  The sinking of Dutch, Norwegian  and Swedish ships would be readily  explained if the Swiss reports are true.  The submarine commander, guided to  his prey by sound alone, would have  rro way'of fixing the nationality of the  ship attacked.  Need for Home Production  Trade Relations Between United States  and   British Columbia on wrong  Side of Ledger'  Statistics recently published reveal  a regrettable situation regarding trade  relationship between British Columbia  and the United States. During Hie  month of March there was shipped  lo British Columbia from ihe United  States thioncth the port of Seattle,  produce valued at over $3,000,000,  while the American c-itv received only  about (1500,000 worth of goods from  British Columbia. Of the material exported from Canada a very large ,'jart  j? made up of copper' for refinru.,'.  purer and coal, while the Canadian  l".revince receives heavy shiprner.'s  , of agricultural produce. which it  might grow itself with equal facility.  Apples, beans, butter', cheese, u.'jgs,  dried fruit, rrreat, wheat ad vegetables  are among the articles which that pro-  vice should be able to export and not  have to  import.  That something is radically wrong  in either the production or the marketing or agricultural produce irr the  western province is evident. It is  with the object of i in proving ihesc  conditions that the Domestic Food  Products Committee, inaugurated by  the Victoria Board of Trade, is working.  Mr. A. D. Peterson, president of  the B. C. Stockbreeders' Association,  speaking at Victoria said:  "'During the war, it is the duly of  those who remain at homo to do  everything in their power to increase  the yield of the fields, flocks and  herds. By so doing, those of us who  must remain at-home can serve our  country just as loyally as by serving  in the trenches. Even suppose this  might entail loss, we should be willing to sacrifice some of our profit  when others are going to the front  and sacrificing their lives for the  Empire."  The last year- has been marked by  mi increasing interest in mixed farming; in British Columbia. This is  particularly true of some districts  that previously had been looked -upon  as almost exclusive fruit lands.  Creameries have been built at Grand  Forks,' Kelowna and Salmon Arm,  and all are reporting satisfactory results. In the district of Kelowna  alone, fourteen silos were built during 1915.  Along he line of the Grand Trunk  Pacific, much live stock is being introduced, and the foundation is being  laid for more or Toss mixed farming  communities. In many of the newer  localities advantage has been taken  of the Dominion and Provincial  .schemes for supplying pure-bred sires  This stimulates an interest for more,  its well as bettor live stock.  The sheep   industry has been    par-  i-jji'arly favored during the year l'n.-'t  j)JTsed.    Mutton  and  wool  have commanded   excellent   prices,  while   the  outlook   for   the   immediate   future   is  promising.      From   all     parts   of   (lie  Province there arc inquiries for bleeding stock, and if. is only the scarcity of  such   .stock  Ihaf,   has   pi evented   more  rapid   development,     in   many   districts  owners of sheep   have  suffered,  considerable loss from the ravages of  panthers, coyotes, and especially dogs,  and it might, ba well for this convention   to   consider   the   advisability   of  asking the Government l<> pass a. law-  requiring   (hut   all   dogs   be   licensed.  By this means a great many  useless  curs would  be got rid off.  Owing to the high prices for grain  which prevailed a year ago. the bog  industry suffered a set-back. It is  probable .that the siluafion will last  until the war is over, so any immediate removal of the industry can hardly  he expected. But even under present  conditions "the hog con be raised quite  profitably by those who can provide  suitable pasture to supplement the  grain ration.  While   it   is   true   that   certain   sections   of   country     are     particularly  suited  to  the production  of one   par-  ticular crop,    it is equally true    that,  carried on even in these communities !  to supply local needs.    British Colurrr-!  bia   should   be  one   of  the   last   pro  vincea  in  the Dominion to be  corn  "S*  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  India's Great  Help in War  Presonal     Devotion   to   the     King   accounts   for   Heroic  Sacrifices  "India rnstead of proving a source  of weakness to the Empire, as Germany fondly believed she would, has  been a tower of strength," said  Austen Chamberlain, Secretary of  Stale for India, in discussing with  a group of American correspondents  the present state of the Indian Umpire.  The Secretary  said:  '"Instead of showing, under the < n-  couragenrent of a great European war,  any desire to revolt, the people of  India have never been more loyal  to tho British Umpire than today. In  this connection 1 would like to i-ay  that loyalty in India has its own  special color* in the ���������'form of- a. personal devotion to the King-Emperor  which I do not think it possible to  exaggerate.  "The personal aspect of loyalty appeals to them perhaps more strongly  than the western mind can conceive.  There aro striking manifestations of  this on the King's visits to the front.  Nothing could exceed the profound  satisfaction ' expressed .by Indian officers and soldiers in having actually  come face to face with their ruler.  "I .have seen Ibis ..myself 'when 1  have had the honor of accompanying  the Kin" in visits to the Indian Hospitals. When asked what impressed  them most, the reply was always the  same. 'We have seen the King-Emperor.' All lire sufferings and trials  they had undergone were as nothing.  Nothing else counted. This devotion  to : the ruler is actually a part of  their religion.  "Whatever agitation there- may be  in India for a greater- share rrr the  government, there is certainly no lack  of appreciation of the advantage of  the British system of colonial government over the German.  "As to the military assistance given  by the Indians, I need mention only  two facts, as their eff*ts on all fronts  are so well known. The first is the  number of military honors won by  the   Indians.  "Before this war the highest military honor, the Victoria Cross, was  not open to the Indian army, but since  this iiile was abrogated, five V. C.'s  and twenty-five Military Crosses have  been won by Indian soldiers. The  second is just one instance of their  gallantry  in  action.  "In Gallipoli the HI!) Sikhs went  into action with fifteen British officers, fourteen Indian officers and fil'l  rank and frle. The next day there  were three British officers ..three Indian officers- and 134 rank and file.  I do not think you could ask more of  any army than that it should face  'and'make sacrifices of this kind."  Objects (o Fighting Friends  Bulgarians   Will     Not     Shoot   at   the  Russians  "If the .Russians come, we, (he  Bulgarians, will stand aside and Jet  the Germans and the Turks right  them. Our soldiers will not tire a  shot at our liberators. -This. I can  assure you, is definn.-ly settled," was  the declaration of a superior Bulgarian officer, |o a newspaper correspondent in   Sofia.  "These solemn words .were uttered  with great emotion arrd decision  while our train was, .-landing at, Plevna, that historic place where' the  army of the Tsar Alexander, the Liberator, won the liberty of downtrodden Bulgaria by Ihe blood of thousands of PiUssian soldiers ;>7 years ago.  "What the Bulgarian officer declared to me at Plevna 1 heard aiid witnessed everywhere .luring my journey  through Bulgaria. Soldiers and eivif-  ians, old and young alike, with an insignificant, exception, preserve in Hie  depths of (heir heart ������ groat lo\e and  reverence for the  Hiia-mms."  The correspondent gives it as Ins  opinion Mint no reasoning Bulgarian  thinks that tho territory gained by  their soldiers can be retained. Tho  Chief of Police. Georgoieff, is .held  iii Iho umo.st detestation because of  his hiuliility. and should the Iiiis.-ians  ever loach Sofia he will be hung in  the  public  square   of   the   capital'.  A few people are becoming rich by  the war, such its the Minister of Finance, Mr. Tontclieff, who a year ago  was a poor man, but now owns some  12,000,000 francs; Mr. Kadislavol'f, who  owns about 10,000,000 francs; Goorgi-  eff, who owns some millions; and a.  few others.: but the people in general  arc condemned to lose their prosperity.  Visit Your SchooTs  How many of our school children's  parents ever visit, ihe schools or even  know the teachers when Ihey meet  them on the street? Bow many know  what their- children are studying or  11 ley   arc*   progressing     Ts   there  how  uildii  to  W. N. U.  1107  iniv of von who have a. Muiium.,  rn.'ike, a house to pnint or whatever  the job may he, that say lo the one  you'have employed: "More are the  tools and materials, go ahead and do  it to suit yourself and it will suit  inc." Ts that not what, many of you  are doing with your children? You  say by youv actions: "Here, is my  child with its books, papers and pencil, I've turnishod materials and  tools, educate him as rou like."  War and the  Price of Wheat  In  All    Modern    Wars    the     Price  of  Wheat Has Been  High  The highest average price of British  wheat during the last century and a  quarter is quoted as being $3.80 per  bn-ihel, this being the price obtained  in J812, during the European wars and  uiir war with the United States. In all  modern wars the price of wheat has  been relatively high and has fluctuated greatly, hi many cases the high  level price's hits continued for tome  time filler the declaration of peace.  The course of prices during the present conflict seems to confirm this general tendency.  During the Kapo'.eomc wars the  price of wheat in Europe fluctuated  between W.W and ."F1 .SO. In 18*22 it had  fallen to $1.37. In 1625 it, was quoted  at $2.07, and in 1835 at $1\]9. The  price now kept fairly steady until 1&41,  (he year of the potato famine in Ire  land when it rose to 42.13. In. 1840  the repeal of the corn law became effective and there was a decline gradually c until 15:51 $J.17 was reached. In  J853 began the Crimean' war which  onded in JS56. During this period  the prices aura in rose, reaching in the  last year of' ihe war $2.10. Dunne  the Italian war of J859 and the American civil war, J8GI ��������� 05 thee price remained fairly sfeadv being in ihe  last year of the war'$1.27 per bushel.  The last very high priced wheat was  in J876 and "jS77 coincident with the  Turko-Siberian war and the Balkan  wars. However, the prices were comparatively low lo what they were in  the early part of the century, being  only ,i������'I.7,*j us compared with $3.86 during the former.neriod. Tn 1S80 wheat  was selling at '$0.94 per bushel and  only went over the dollar mark upon  tlueo occasions until the present time.  These were: in 1S9I. $1.13; in 1803.  $1.03, and in 100!). $1.13. fn injf, it.  rose to $1.01. which was the highest  price asked since JS77.  Manchuria from a Train  (From   "The  Color  of   the   Fast,"   by  Elizabeth Washburn: F. U. Stokes Co.)  Manchuria means an interminable  brown plain���������dry stubble, endless, empty.furrows to be filled by-and-bye  with millet, kaoliang, waving, wonderful green plumage, high as a man nnd  higher, in which not, many years ..'go  the Japanese liid  whole armies. ���������  Today it is the, emptiest, most silent  spot, in Asia. It spreads out lint, and  fiunquil in unthinkable forgetful ue-ss.  The sun bouts down fiercely out on a  deep, unbroken field of turquoise blue.  The air is biting, cold. A sudden  breath of it is like a slap. A great  tingling follows and :. sense of ex inordinary buoyancy. Oiic feels impelled to luuid). to shout, lo .strike ont,  to do violent things. To sloe]) or sit  with folded hands would drive one  mad. There is that, in the air which  compels like the lash of a  whip.  Over this brown waste, sheltering a  million seedlings, trails an endless line  of native life. A dull blue, curiously  blunt out Hue���������wheelbarrow men with  sprawling leL'.s and arms wide outstretched, coolies with bamboo polos  slung across their shoulders, innumerable', mules, eased like warriors in  brass-studded bridles and head-pieces,  donkeys picking little steps with litters  on their backs, with wide ���������toppling  loads, ��������� with native women sitting  astride far back upon their tiny  haunches.  Those maucliu prople aro a l>iii* boldfaced race, with brown skins whipped  dull r-cd by the northern winds. Shapeless bundles of them, hoods pulled over  ears stand at tiic stations and .stamp  their feet and bout, their arms and  watch the trains come in. A straggling linn of native soldiers in bungling black uniforms, heads wound  tightly in black 1 urban.**, a ureal  splash of blood-rod lettering across  their breasts, present arms rigidly,  with bayonets fixed as the I rain pulls  iu  and  draws out.  Native Tribe  Gifts to the   Empire  The Masai and ���������jthci* native tribes  in East Africa fire not permitting their  loyally to the Empire fo bo unrepresented.- .Gresit Britain ihey state has  done so much lo free them from the  yoke of internecine si rife and raise  their status in. Ihe scale of eivilizal ion,  they inusl giv-3 proof of their lluink-  fulne-s. "'Ihe following aie a lew of  I heir most recent gifts:  3,000 goals, presenlefl by flic ICavli-  ondo chiefs of the Kisumu district.  Thirty bullock's, pif.sent-d by the  Masai Morim of the Matapatu clan,  ynd  fifty bullocks by other Masai.  Over 150 bullocks arid 280 sheep,  presented by Sondu, rho chief Bui bon  of the Loini  Masai.  Twenly-oiio bullocks, presented by  Masikonde.  These gills have been quite spontaneously offered by the tribes concerned.  Bui.id New Ships  There are strong grounds for insisting that all interned German steamers bo retained by the allies under  the terms of peace. But that will not  take us far. Wo need a thoroughgoing plan whereby at the first ilavvri  o[������peaee the whole resources of British shipbuilding now mobilized for  naval work shall be switched as instantaneously as possible on to building steamers. Every merchantman  launched within the first year may  make an incalculable difference to our  post-war recovery.���������London Chronicle.  The Country Newspaper  It is the LocaiNewspaper that Chronicles the   Items   Dealing with  Intimate  Associations  But the beauty and joy of our papers and their little worlds is that we  who Jive in the country towns know  our own heroes. Who knows .Murphy  in New York? Only a few. Yet in Emporia wc all know 'Tom O'Connor���������and  love hiin. Who knows Morgan in New  York? One man in a hundred thous-  ' and. Yet in Emporia who does not  know George Newham, the bunker and  merchant prince? Boston people pick  up their morning papers and read with  shuddering horror of the crimes of  their daily villian, yet read without  that fine thrill that wo have when  wc hear that Al Ludorph is in jail  again in Emporia. For we all know  Al; we've ridden in his hack a score  of times. And we take'up our paper  with the story of his faults as readers  v. ho begin the narrative of an old  friends  adventures.  Our papers, r our little country papers, seem drab and miserably provincial (o strangers; yet we who read  them read irr their line."; the sweet .intimate story of life. And all these  touches of nature make us wond.-ous  kind. It is the country newspaper,  bringing together daily the threads' of  llio town's life, weaving them into  something rich and stiangc, and setting the pattern as it weaves, directing  the loom, and giving the cloth its color-  by mixing the lives of all the people  in its color pot��������� it is this country  newspaper that reveals us to ourselves, that keeps our country hearts  quick and our country minds open and  our  country   faith   strong.  When the girl at the glove counter  married the boy in the wholesale  house the news of fheir wedding is  good for a forty-line wedding notice,  and tiie foity lines in the newspaper  give them self-rcspot. When in due  course, wc know that their baby is a  twelve-pounder, named Grover or  Theodore or Woo-lrow", wo have that  neighborly feeling that breeds tho real  democracy. When wc read of death  in that home we can mourn with them  that mourn. When we see them moving upward in the '.vorld, into a firm,  and out toward" the country club  neighborhood, we rejoice with them  (hat rejoice. Therefore, men and  brethren, when you are riding through  this vale of tears up.m the California  limited, and by chance, pick up the  little count ry newspaper with its meagre telegraph service of three or four  thousand words���������or. at best fifteen or  twenty thousand; when you see its  an ay of countryside items; its interminable local stories; its tiresome  editorials on tlie .v/iiterworks, the  schools, the.s-treet ,'ailioud, the crops  and tho city printing, don't throw  down lire contemptible little rag with  the -verdict that there rs nothing iu  it. But know this, arid know it 'well:  If you could take the clay from'������������������your  eyes and .read tlie littlo paper as it  is written, you would find all of God's  beautiful sorrowing, sf niggling, aspiring world in it, ,uid what, you saw-  would make you touch the little paper  with  reverent hands.  Scarcity of Labor is Acute  Result Will  Be   Invention of New Machinery,  a  Leader Asserts  I was talking labor with a man  whose official "position makes him  speak for one ot the half dozen largest  bodies of ���������workmen in the world.  "The scarcity of laboring people today, said he, "is certain to bring about  a great surplus of labor a little while  in the future, because necessity will  surely compel corporations to invent  machines to take the place of men."  Then he illustrated, what lie meant  by telling how steel rails used to lie  rolled and how they  are rolled today.  Once two score men were necessary  to feed the huge lump of raw steel  into the rolls and keep drawing it out  and feeding it back until finally the  rail emerged complete.  Now a machine unattended does the  whole thing. Tlie sewing machine in  similar fashion put out of work hundreds of .seamstresses. The mowing  machine and flic self binding reaper  drove thousands of farm hands from  hay and wheat lields.  1. know that in three hours a handful ol dock hands can load 12,000 of  iron ore upon a hike steamer where  once a small army of men couldn't do  it- in a day.  I have seen fifty men and women  toil three davs iu a Japanc.su haibor  to '-put one thousand Ions of coal in  the bunkers of n small steamer. They  hoisted it in  with  rice straw baskets.  You may go down to some of our  own modern piers on the Delaware  and sec a vast; iron hand reach out.  grasp a carload of coal and dump the  contents into the hold of a ship as  easily as you put a spoonful of sugar  in your coffee cup and. in about the  same time.  Inventive genius yoked with money  lias done these and other things. Uacii  new mechanism has temporarily made  a plethora of labor by doing the work  of many  human  hands.  "Thai is what, must now come with  increased force," said this man under  whom toil tens of thousands. "If wc  cannot get enough men to do (lie work  we will take what at the start may  be. an inferior machine, but which  practice will readily improve���������Girard  in tho. Philadelphia. Ledger.  "He doesn't seem to nave any  brains."  "Brains! Why, that fellow would  search for eggs in a eul;oo clock."  Farm Management  Thoroughness  of Work  is  One  of The  Cardinal   Principles of the  Successful  Farmer  Wc once heard an excellent farmer  say:  "It takes an -able, brainy man to  so lay out farm work and follow it up  as to get the best possible results. We  are all too much smitten with the idea  that our profit comes from the amount  of work half done rather than the  amount well done. When I was a boy  hoeing corn, my father used to tell  me that the best hoed hill brought.,the,  largest yield and the best corn. Rushing along and hoeing a lot of hills  poorly, he said, was no. way to make  money growing corn. 1 "think that  principle applies in all of our farm  work. The farm where the work is  most thoroughly clone, and care taken  not to lay out more work than can be  well done, is the one 1 have noticed  that makes the most clear profit."  We think our i-armer mend was  right on general principles in his idea  that it takes marked ability to Jay  out and practice thoroughness of work  on the farm. Three thing's stand in  the  way:  1. A lack of broaa intelligence and  judgment on the part of the farmer. _  We  all  know that there  are but few j  such    farmers    compared     with    tho  whole,  2. The constant hazard and uncertainty   of   the   weather.  3. The scarcity of good farm help  and its  high  expense.  But these three difficulties do not  change the logic of the situation. It  remains just the same that thorough,  comprehensive judgment and practice  in the doing of our farm work pays  the best. I-lalf-hoeing tlie hills of  corn in order to hoc more than we  can hoe well, don't pay. Lack of thoroughness ia tho curse of farming at  any and all times.  We are all poisoned with the old  notion of turning off a lot of half  finished work; keeping a, lot of poor  cows rather than a less numbt-r of  good ones; frying to till more acres  than we can plow and till well. Of  course, help will always be scarce and  expensive on such a farm for there  is laid out twice as much work as can  be done with the help the farmer  thinks he caii afford to keep. There'  are any number of three and four men  farms being run with two men. Under such conditions how can they  pay the profit they should pay?  When wo get down good and hard  to tho idea, of doing our farm work  belter than be have been doing; keeping only such cows as can do good  work; taking the best care possible  of our products when we have been  lo the expense of raising them; then  we will find that he have a good deal  more .money with which, to employ  expensive help and make needed, improvements. The' channel through  which good profits come on the farm  is the .most thorough efficiency possible. As we lower efficiency wc lower profit, and there wc are. Half-"  done work never- has paid and never  will. To avoid this trouble we must  enlarge our vision, our ability, our intelligence. That's the only way to  better success.  Oil in the Arctic  Verified His Suspicions  Tommy Atkins always takes his  fighting humorously, as one described the destruction of an aeroplane  which flew over the British lines  sporting  French colors.  "SomVow or other I thought the  blighter was German, and at last I  couldn't stand it no longer. 'Puff!  puff!' said Archibald, and down the  beggar came.  Archibald, of course,- is the slang  name for an anti-aircraft gun, and it  was found that over the planes with  their great black crosses the Germans  had contrived movable flaps marked,  .with  the tricolor.  Mr. Slimpursc (feeling his way)���������  your charmine- daughter tells me* that  she is an excellent cook and housekeeper. Old l^ady (calmly)���������Yes, I  have had her 'carefully taught, for 1  have always held Ural no lady who  does not understand housekeeping can  properly direct a retinue of servants.  Report  of a  Rich   Discovery of! Oil  in  The  Far North.  We have long known something  about the riches of Alaska in gold,  copper, coal, timber and other minerals and products of lire ground nnd  of the surrounding seas, including furs  and fishes; also that there are large  tracts Of arable lands upon which  vegetables, fruits and cor-.������������������Is may bo  grown in abundance. And now we aro  told that in the far north of that country, within the Arctic circle, there is  a great wealth in oil awaiting development, according to statements oi a  discovery made by Eskimos and confirmed by W. B. Van Valin of the  United States Bureau of Education.  The native discoverers found four  springs of thick oil close together and  maintaining a Jake of thick, green oil  of the consistency of vaseline, into  which ducks and geese occasionally  plunged from a considerable height,,  mistaking the substance for water,  and of course, perishing there. These  Eskimos were in inter ignorance of  the nature of their find, nnd so greatly puzzled that thev made ������i rc:iu!*cr  express trip, 450 miles lo the south, to  the settlement called Wainwright, to  consult iho tea'ehor of whom ihey ! ad  heard , arrd who it seems was so much  impressed by their story that he made  the trip back with them over the snow  and frozen tundra *I50 miles to a point  whose location he has not yet disclosed. There he found tin's great lake  ot oil constantly fed hy four springs,  pumping away under pn.*-suiv: of natural gas. lie made'careful investigation and surveys and staked 'iff his-  claims,"'and provided with samples of  the liquid, went "back to Wainwright  arrd thence to Nome and finally to  Seattle.  There is nothing to fell us a'hint ot  the location of this richness in oil, except that it is in. the far northwest,  north of the Arctic circle, and not far  from navigable waters of the Arctic  Ocean or some river tributary to  it   ,  Continue Splendid Co-operatiori  'The ideal of course, would be for the  allies fo adopt the policy of free trade  among themselves, '.caving the rest of  the world to follow the example at its  leisure. That would mark the greatest  advance ever made, in world relationships and would be ihe noblest fruit  of the war. We hope, that heroic expedient will be discussed at the conference. But in thb absence of such  an achievement, there arc many  things to be done, 'llic allies at the  present time arc pooling their resources in an unprecedented measure.  \Yc are working together as one firm,  France concentrating on this form of  production, England on that. Russia  on the other���������all by arrangement, all  for the common benefit. We have  founded great trusts, not for* private  advantage, but for the general advantage, and have excluded the exploitation of the middleman from great  areas of trade. Let us organize the  continuance of this splendid co-operation. It is saving us in war; it will  bless us in peace.���������London Daily  Mews. "*.���������  Keeping One's Temper.  It was Channing who said: "As cne  sets himself against people or things,  they all seem to him correspondingly  belligerent. Nothing is more destructive than-a continual resistant or' pessimistic spirit." The lesson of this is  that we should never be so sure we  are right as to cause us to despise  the person with whom we disagree, lor  then he will despise us, and that will  be a great deal worse than disagreeing.  The surest sign of a man being right  is his open-mindedness and his warmheartedness, and his making a friend  of the person with whom ho disagrcss.  A noble opinion is never violent. It is  always ready to return' a smile and put  forth a hand. The way some men get  mad when others refuse to adopt their  views is enough to make the very  devils smile. Hope, and anger do not  dwell in llic same heart.  Jim���������A dancer reminds nre of a tug  boat.  Jam���������How so?  Jim"���������-Lives by her tow--.  Forest Destruction and Floods  Nearly all the Hoods in Canadian   towns  are due to destruction of trees  on the protective wateisheds. The liv- ing forest holds   -back    tho    surplus  waters.    The burned and hacked fores t  releases them   to  do  what  misciuel  they  will.  m  i   vi f^llf*?f^ "'"��������� :;v::  '^���������y^l'^W'-^^ i t  1.  r lv*       ���������*' >  fWU  -- ^i|plpilf������l;fl0fM:i'::::;;  ft*& ^'X'^ll'^''-fe^^^;'i-^^;';fe-'^>. Vl'V^'���������/-���������.::     ;���������.<:���������+.������������������:���������.  THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,     'B.      C.  Sunlight Soap is made for the  housewife's profit, for only  thereby can the makers hope  to profit. Sunlight Soap makes  your work lighter, your clothes  whiter, your home brighter. It  is mild and pure and does not  harm  either  hands or "fabric.  145  Artificial Rain  The French Air Tenor  5 CENTS  fttscsxusssaix  ifo3o evea"-y SPORT  gam-d  -REC5SEAT1QW  "Wovi\ Uy every member  ol the family  ^        '11 ^  SOLD BY ALL GOOD SHOE DEALERS  ���������*���������'*���������-'���������''���������  ������������������'S:^.Siw������  ' Jfe-X'.v ���������.���������������������������..���������������������������.���������������������������������������������';.f:-iOi\;  ������������������;-,:,"i   "'">::   '''l;'.  Iiiii  itiil  *$&:  Crimp at the Garden of Eden  "The Garden of Eden is not many  hundred yards from my camp, at  least that is the local belief," says  an officer of the .Mesopotamia Expedition, writing to his wife. . ''On the  river front grows a tree of a kind very  common in the Punjab.- I do not  know whether you will n-cognize it by  the name "slmreen'; it has long, flat,  yellow beans and feathery leaves. It  is the, only one of it.-* kind here, and  T. Atkins lias nameJ it 'the forbidden  tree.' ,    .       '"  "In its vicinity .--mall Arab boys  hawk cheap cigarettes and biscuits  and tinned milk, and the locality is  known as 'Temptation ���������Square.'  "It comes as a shock to think that  this can have been the'cradle of the  human race."  It will clean more  silverware in less  time, with less expense, than any  o til er preparation  made,    "ideal" is  Vnotau electro-plat-  iiiff preparation;  removes iiothine  but the dirt, leav-  iujr the silvern-are  like new. . Put up  in eisht arid cish-  tcen-ounce bottles,  packed three dozen  'in case.-, ��������� ���������  *,'At All Jewellers  An Always Ready Pill.���������To those of  regular habit medicine is of little concern, but the .great-majority of men  are not of regular habit. The worry and cares of business prevent it,  and out of the irregularity of life  comes dyspepsia. ..indigestion, liver  and kidney troubles as.a protest. The'  run-down system demands a, corrective and there is none better 'than  Barinelee's Vegetable Pills. Thoy arc  simple, in theircomposition and can  be taken by the most delicately constituted.  I**:,?;-:  hMki1  W-  '^.:S'^Life'-in-stHexCellars ;of Rheims  jg,13o Idlers \irij tn earing-line have no  #n!6hopolyi; of 'bravery, in  the hour of  VdangcK'Y';.;..''^^ ������������������'.'- :'.:,'-.;  ,,.,,,..., . .v-silaft^ "���������.'���������. Butler,  a well  t'|������;������$S-^ .tells   of  a  Ife^-A^g^ cathedral city of  ���������������������������Oiy^.Kiierms^  ^������������������WrrriahsStlir^ shells !! ;.���������:���������"'  ���������'.���������V:r'!A'---v--iiiwas^a't given'.at. the;..  Y ^:;TRiieimsfClub;%;";h "most of the  ::f Stein/nic^ -being gentlemen  'i-ii ^vh&j'liay^ throughout  y:y ^r,the;-^539'Scla,ys -^of i:;tlie ��������� siege'.-;Some of  M'S&tKeniywere'���������'; tiostages- during' the short  W���������f:$elltii^h'-becupation =}Of��������� tlie>;city;; ;  "������yf|jf;MMywa^^  ^.^ySfs^-tlS  | ||i$iiS;^^ Gcr-  S^k^'k*'^  '-..���������:... Long in the Making  The Prussia of today', with, its cursed rule and cursed -principles, has  been, long in the making, and what  an unshapen, ungodly mass it is! It  has'-'been' described as the last -remaining hulk of materialistic7barbarism! The wonder is that when worshipping at the shrine of mere force,  students from birr country arid other  countries were so hopelessly blinded  to what, was going on around them.������������������'  Winnipeg Tribune.  A New Theory is to be Tested to Produce   Rain  Artificially  Events indicate that in one respect,  at any rate scientific investigators are  hopeful of assuming control, to a  greater or a lesser extent, of the time-  honored processes of nature. Many  attempts have been made from.time to  time, in the way of artificial production of rain, but thus far without success. A practical test of a newly discovered process, is about to be made  in Australia, from which more encouraging results are anticipated. The  experiments will be financed by the  Government of New South Wales, and  will be carried out by J. G. Balsillie,  who for four years, has boon carrying  on researches''along specific lines. Experiments in his laboratory has demonstrated that if a room be filled  with steam, the discharge of high tension direct current electricity, together  with a simultaneous discharge from a  powerful Rontgen ray tube Jcauses the  whole of the air to be cleared of steam  in one arrd one-half seconds, the floor  of the. room being consequently covered with large drops of-water.  In puttinrr these theories to practical test'in"the great out-of-doors, a  captive baloon, coated with metallic  paint, Will be used, from which to  discharge electricity into the atmosphere, at a height of from 6,000 to  7,000 feet, and it is hoped that this  ..i.i cause the formation of a sufficient  '������������������������������������llv-j* of electrified particles to provide'nuclei, upon which the moisture  of tho clouds may condense, in the  form of. rain. Once-the theory has  been demonstrated in a single instance, the problem would resolve itself into that of establishing a sufficient number of stations, to produce  am- result that .might be desired. ���������  Has  Keep  house.  Minard's     Liniment     in;  the  s*;  I-1 ������������'-.-  l^^s'te^^^I^a^^ sound;  |'l$������'fv:'^  ���������>,&;���������*������������������������ '���������''���������>"%:������s^ caves; .'��������� like; so  i-fp-siS*-^ did  'Mj-y**^ o h d ei* f u I ���������!��������������������������� g  iS^KSi'l';  tm  Tl,'^---'���������".������������������-"'-���������'���������'���������-,'���������,''  ilSSfe-j'?'''  *"fe:������������*5x  c.���������r''I ain happy  mo  good.'  ly waBV'trquble.d  swith;: weakness" 'and..  ���������Il^tried^-wiries, and  ���������Jotliciv^tHn*pi,:'but:  freceived .very, little  gberi^-rit^ ; I; was  lypungvat the .time  ^ahd-.kriew very-lit-  ttle.about medicines  till'-a" lady  friend,  m  &f#v\���������%?fff V\W>rr/:-fi:* camV to 'me with  ^Prescription and   a  ::"year ::afterward-, had  twins."-���������Mks.; J  t BnADv^ForfciCoulongCj- Quebec.-- ������������������;  ^ r>iTlrOirsands"nifr*woi;ncn;:riglit   here   m;  ;4Cahaaa'-:wh6:.'aV*es-n6w:blessed-with robust  .-���������health cannot: understand- why thousands  ������,-.-���������.....,...,. ,.;��������� ���������' of "idther women: coiHiriuc to worry.'arid  Ipjfe^y v'^suffcrAwhen they cari:obt!nn'foi*fa trifling  alfpKi;:::;!;.; f:���������' wliichYwill%surely; and'quickly banish all  .;;!���������'-::,--;     - p^:distress;and rnisery and restore the;  iW6m*^y:diealtli;X^"V''iv:'':'Y ���������':" ���������   ,.';���������  HMHSfc,������"s;< Ydung^''?;motliers^:wlro.j;.prescrve '.th e  tiiarms^ of face -rndtigure in spite of an  A vivid account of the manner in  which supplies are brought up'to. Verdun, was recent!}- published in-a Paris  newspaper.; The road is exploited like  a line of railway, en which a continuous succession of motor ^ lorries  circulate on a circuit of 140 kilometres.  The lorries.; follow each other -every"  twenty seconds, imd their ; l-egular  rniircli; guided at, night .by searchlights  at fixed intervals,.is.'oneji.f-tiiC'-'most  curious 'sp.ectaclesvimagihitble.;';.    '���������;; :C,,  '���������>..','Wliat: do you think of his'nerve?"  cxclaiiiied.-: the old in;aivr-'-who'--.4vas  notoriously.,tricky^ in business,; * "He  .callecV iiie.''a-;lVare.faced-''rpbb'ei*-!!" .-;;,.'  ;';��������� "OliV well," replied .th-j^mam; who  "knew:,.' bi'iii'.'.���������'���������''.'-probably.'.'';in;vliis excitement ',he didn't'; 'notice -your  rnpus-  tachei": ������������������  ���������'���������'-'��������� ���������'.;::��������� '���������" ���������'���������-;-;'-,-:;...^',/-':'->���������;",:���������.'\:'^ -'.'V  ;���������   .    Defensive, Trade  War     '; ; ;;  '���������*������������������ Thei;-temi ^'trade;-war'';'covers 1-two"  ..different:--iconcep-tibris-.''-V--"One  gressive ;policy ,which, may; fairly  be  termed war;''theV.other-''tiaVl5ure  f en'sive.'-"':. A -real':.victory:? In-proportion  :tp ;,its :;cbiripjeteriess;!. would'���������U'ender^ it.  tinncec'ssary���������'; to.; iriflictv-;ahy' ;;:further  positive injury <; on "tile^i"eiiemj^:;{ Gon-  segueht'lyi.'vit' vis ^impossible ytoijtdrsee  how this problem:may:present itself..  But that has-iiothing, to 'do .with the.  defensive ,v,'ai*,.whiclr has two objects.  The-'/first is to 'protect ;ourselves- from  .'���������'p.eaceftil /peiietratipn'n;.f6r|:alt^time.  ;ThereV.is;;ri'othi.hg  \vira  tlie''./Germans that throws more;liglit  'bnV-their/'.^  It is all ;their, own; rib people. have  ever,/practised/it'before.,; Tt'is"the 'art  bl;;;st!ekii!g-;hbspitality;-ah order������������������ to'be-  , tray;'your ;:urisuspectin^  him! hi.the back, when  ing^'';/Nb* baser1 depth; of/treachery; .is  known.;;to;/mankind.;;:;A.nd.it;ims,;b^  practised deliberately ..-and / syst'emati-  cally'i'pr/mahy -years by ..-.the-; Germans  iri all- .countries. ., -They h &ve-. all .been  .honeycombed- by ��������� .-.stealthy������������������( German; !ih-  trigue' in fihancini, commercial,^ social  and.'political lile-/,"Its: influence.'"isEstill,  with us even,; how,7 /and/is being  ������������������s'teaithily,-' used; wider.'cover' iri ��������� tliis  very: rhatter. of 'trade, policy.-' ;T lie "war.  -has:; revealed , a/state: /of "-'things;' that  no 6nC .would have^believed possible;  arid the nations ' that ..'���������have- been' the  victims of it have resolved to have no  more of this diabolical treachery:���������  London Timesi ./���������������������������   '���������;"���������"������������������;>'��������� / ���������������������������-...' ;'./_.-.��������� v-"S  First Traveller���������So you have returned' from Africa? Had any narrow  escapes  Second    T.���������Only     one���������a    regular  prize-winner, I "should think;  ���������first' T.���������Let me hear it.  Second T'.���������Well, 1 was chased by  a big lion, and,''having no cartridges  left, I threw away my. rifle and faced  the brute; but as hu sprang at me I  caught him by, the iower jaw will one  hand. and by..the nose with the otlier.  And there T stood; and held his mouth  open'wide until he starved to death.  A narrow escape,  cli,  Worst Prison Even in Germany  .Wittenberg, where lie the bones of  Luther and Melancthon, was already  a place of note in the annals of the  Christian''faith'. To the door of its'  Schlosskirche Lutluu* nailed his/ thesis oil October. 31, 1517, thus starting  the Reformation. Today it has risen  to a new eminence. In that austere  literature of sifted evidence-in regard  to German war-morality which is  growing up throughout Europe, there  is no riame or* more sinister association, says,-an English . journal._ _���������' Eor  many a long year to conic the infamy  of Wittenberg prisun-enmp will be  among tho blackest blots on the Gorman escutcheon, plastered though it  is  with  disgrace.  Naverre,    the   French    Aviator,  Established   a   Reputation  Naverre is one of tho.national names  of France and a wholesome terror to  the aviatoi'3 of Germany. A few weeks .  ago he brought down three machines j  of the enemy in the clouds above the  sectors occupied by the Huns, in the  Verdun battle area. That made eight  in all since he took to flying a lew  months   after   the   war   began.  When he had finished his triple  victory nt Verdun, he complained of  the breakfast that was given him,  cursed his fate that lie had not  wrought havoc upon four of the German air craft, and uttered a dissent  against having to go to bed. Which  simply means that .Naverre has a  temperament. He can be angry, too,  when out of sight hi the heavens.  His observer on one occasion made  him intensely wroth. When only  about a hundred feet away from a  German machine his companion fired  at the aeroplane, and missed, Naverre  immediately flew home, .descended  and opened a fire ol vituperation upon his-.unfortunate second. "Give me  a chance," said the observer, "and I  will re-establish myself in your estimation." Naverre at first reluctantly  and then generously consented. The  chance came in two* clays after, when  sailing through space Naverre spotted  an aviatik. Whirling up into the sky  to get a proper height, ho "peaked  himself," hi-'-the flying language. That  is, he made a nose-on charge.  This time the observer's nerve stood  the test. He took the fire of the German without a quiver. When he was  within 30 metres���������Naverre'.s favorite  fete���������he opened upon the enemy. Both  Germans were wounded and the en-  gino was shot full of holes. Naverre  circled about the plane after it landed  and patted his observer "on the back.  quickly removes stains and  spots from such things  as oil-cloth  table tops  An Oil That is Famous.���������Though  Canada was not the birthplace of Or.  Thomas' Eclectric Oil, it is the home  pf that famous compound. From here  its good name was spread to Central  and South America, the West Indies,  Australia and New Zealand. That is  for atield enough to attest its excellence, for in all these countries it is  on sale and in demand.  The French "75" artillery gun is so  steady that a glass of water will not  spili when he gun is fired. We know,  too', that its effects cause the spilling  of something else.  ,-..; School Teachor-r-TiH .sorry to ;'.-'..*iy,  Mr. Jones, that your; boy; is'very-' bacj*.-  '\vard.:-in/h'is;';studies-.'-,,-': /���������';:'��������� -���������;;.: v'  Jones���������That's,-' strange ! /At liomo in  ���������conversation With nie he* scan*. ������������������ to  know 'it all.    ;   ���������' -.���������;���������   ;;     ���������������������������;->;'������������������;���������'-:.���������;  ill  ffl^W-FiVi-V^^^ -:' motherhood  'l:-SS/7;3f;^ mother to nour-  ppfiiStW sMS-f^'BOOX/- .THAT -EVERY,  MOM Aft: SHOULD; HAVE.  P$fPtPf$w6urr'a^  . The Art of 'Bomb' Dropping ;  Aerial, bomb, dropping": is" 'now tone  of the: sciences'of war, / and,-ru cbiisid-.  crable-'portion;.of .time..iii.;the.;fining  of  a   pilot is._ spent', in / 'a'cquir.ing'/.th-is  .art:.-?: ���������;.-;:��������� y'::;-;v,-;;'-���������'.'������������������,..;i-./-;'-/v';.::;,y:;'.;;-.;.;  " .,The youiig .pilotV.is 'tauglit. .jilwaj'-s:  ./tphave'the.; wind/ at, his'back "aiid'the.  bows "of his ..craft pointing'" directly". at  the/ object to/bpmbed;y.;Fpr^tliis';;pu,r-  ppse. he.!.; is * *n*ovidedJ wi th":;a'-'formuia  'ihinuteljv Worked out ..which, allows, foir  .both the sp'ecd;.:.of /tiip. ��������� sliip". ;an.d;'"fpr  ���������the'' dire.c't'ibh"-of the 'prc.vail.ih.g'wind���������-  two; factors, which .influence.';;accuracy.  ;im bonibrdroppihg; to ��������� a very-'great,'cx-  tehtt- ;--:y:; ;��������� ���������'������������������':���������::':���������'..-]���������'������������������.'---���������-.'.'���������'������������������; '���������:~it>::iS-s.'-::\':.:'  ; Skill in: aiming: is' obtained by/'flpat-  ing /1 afge ,.;;���������; portions ; ;^f. tiniber^cdri-^  struictcid ��������� to.������������������' reschiblc-.; /niinittire: -jwaf-  ships-r- upon tlie/stirface of'^a  By approaching ���������''tlie'rli'">���������ai varying 'degrees of speed, altitude,' and'direction  of wind.  If All Played Cut,  Try This Prescription  When that overpowering weariness  and a ncvcijrcstcd feeling, comes over  ���������you, it shows some serious disorder  is undermining your Jiealth. The cure  is simple. Build up the- system- and  nourish the-body back to health by  pure wholesome blood.  .The one sure means of doing this  is with Dr.- Hamilton's Bills. They  are a marvellous aid to appetite���������convert all you eut into nutriment and  ���������tissue-building material. Thus a weak  body is supplied with new nerve fibre,  hardy muscle and firm flesh. Lasting  good health is sure to iollow. If you  really want to'get well and'stay well,  use i)r. Hamilton's Pills, 25e per box  at all dealers.  First Editor���������Here's one of the most  learned men in the country���������Professor  Skimmer ton���������just passed away. What  shall I say about him?  Second Editor���������You might refer to  him  as a finished  scholar.  No child should be allowed to suffer  an homy irom worms .wheii prompt re-  iief can'be got in a simple-but strong  remedy���������i\l other ' Graves' Worm Exterminator.  There is hop? for the conscientious  objector. Colonial Sir William Dunn  in a recent speech, said that Mr.  Lloyd-George was of opinion that they  might bo employed in repairing  barbed  wire at the fiont!  .GHILDHOOD^AILMENTS  ;':',*The ailments of childhood arc many.  biit most of thorn are caused by some'  deranircment of the stomach and bowels. , Therefore to banish these troubles the stomach must be k-*pt sweet  aiid the bowels regular. To do this  nothing can equal Uaby's Own Tablets. Thousands of mothers . have  'proved this. Am on?- them is Mrs.  Thomas Holmes, Blissficld. N. B., who  ',writes. .."Every mother in this locality  uses llaby's (5wn Tablets as we all  consider ilium the very best medicine  for childhood ailments." The Tablets  are sold by medicine dealers or by-  mail at' 25 cents a" box from the Dr.  .Williams' Medicine Co., Brockvillo,  i)nt.  "National hatred is a singular thing.  You will find it strongest and most  violent where there is tho lowest degree of culture." Thus spoke the Ger-  ���������mau poet' Goethe, but that was some  years ago.  "So you were at Jack and Nellie's  wedding, were you? - How did lack  look during the ceremony?''  >��������� "He. looked awfully'solemn. But L  suppose that was only natural,' seeing  that he was ringing hie own Nell.''  . Out in Wisconsin ihe game warden,  in making his roun.ru, came upon a  youthful fisherman. To make sure  that the boy was not disobeying the  bass-fishing law, the warden took hii-  string of fish out of the water and.  found only catfish, perch and suckers  on  the  line.  :A few feet farther down the stream,  however, he found n. large black bass  wiggling on a string weighted down  with a stone. Naturally, the warden  made inquiry of tlu boy as to what  he was doing with that fish.  "VVell, you see," explained the lad,  "he's been taking my bait all the  morning, and so 1 just tied him up  there until I get through "fishing."'  No March on Berlin  Germany has, we believe, shot her  bolt on land whatever she may do by  piracy in the effort to open the door  of the seas. But that docs not mean  that she is not still a formidable foe.  Put upon the defensive her power of  resistance will be still little short of  her-maximum and no one at this stage  of.the war is likely to cultivate the old  dreams of a march on Berlin. '(he  war will not end in that way. It could  only end in that way by an unthinkable sacrifice of life. It is much, more  likel3' to end when Germany realizes  that she is beaten. Alieady sire is  realizing that she cannot win  The Mesopotaniian valley, up which  the British expedition from the the  Persian Gulf has made its way, is,  according to tradition, man's first���������  and last paradise. But' Tommy Atkins, toiling through the sand under a  blazing sun, fighting fleas and flies as  well as Turks and Arabs, did not find  the country Edenic. One night when  the troops were trying to sleep one  soldier was heard to say to another:  " 'Ere, Bill, if this is the Garden of  Eden, I wonder what Adam and Evo  did with these 'ere mosquitoes n-buz-  zin' around 'cm?"���������New York Indc-'  pendent.  Tailor how many pockets in yotn  trousers?  Customer���������Only one, please; my  wife is a busy woman, and I want to  save her time when she goes through  them.  I cured a horse of the Mange with  MINARD'S LINIMENT.  CHK1STOPIIEK   SA UNDERS.  Dalhousio.  I cured a horse badly torn by a  pitch fork, with MINAKD'S LINIMENT.  St. Peter's. C. B. EDW. LINLIEF.  I cured a horse of a bad swelling bj  MINARD'S LINIMENT.  Bathm-st, N.B.  THOS.  W.  PAYNE.  Some Canadians were recently digging a new line of trenches behind  their line in France, writes an officer,  when a jar was found in which were  200 silver crowns. The coins, which  were in fine state of preservation, bore  dates between 1745 and 1747-���������a period  in which heavy fighting was taking  place over the same ground in Flanders. Each member of he working  party was given one of the coins as a  souvenir.  "In this war with Germany, what  do you propose doing?"  "The Government, if I could get  a big supply contract."  Pat was very fond ol stiong tea. He  always praised a housekeeper according to the strength of the tea she  made. Recently the woman of the  house where Pat worked was pouring  out the tea for his breakfast. It was  coming out very slowly ,and tho good  woman asked Pat to excuse the teapot ,as it had a bad spout. Pat (not  liking the look of tho tea) said sadly:  "Oh, begorrah, ma'am, don't blame  the taypot, because anything weak  must go-- aisy."  He serves a bad master who serves  the multitude.���������Ex.  Everything is good iri its place. The bile, which, under certain conditions, causes so much distress, is of the greatest value as an antiseptic and  cathartic when it is properly handled by the liver.  The chief function of the liver seeins to be the filtering of bile from the  blood, -where it-acts as a poison, and pouring it into the intestines, where it  hastens the course of the food mass through the alimentary canal, and by  its antiseptic influence prevents fermentation'of the food. '  Whoa, you -suffer from biliousness and indigestion and have a coated tongue, bitter  taste in the mouth, headaches and loss of appetite,' you "will do well to- look' to the condition of the liver., Other symptoms are "wind on the stomach, "which causes belching, and  the formation of gas, which gives rise to dizziness and pains about the heart.' ���������    '.  Because the liver has failed, the food in tho alimentary canal is fermenting instead  of being digested, looseness and constipation of the bowels alternate, the "whole digestive system is thrown out of order and the blood is poisoned.  By immediately awakening the action of the liver and bowels, Dr.. Chase's Kidney-  Liver Pills affords relief for this condition most promptly. On this account they are  generally recognized &a the most effective cure for biliousness, liver complaint, indigestion, constipation^and the pains and aches which arise from poisons in the blood. The  benefits aro lasting 'because thi3 medicine removes the cause of trouble.  One pill a-dose, 25 cents a box, nil dealers, or Eilmanson, Bates & Co., liimited, Toronto.  Do not bs talked into accepting a substitute.   Imitations disappoint.  Or. Chase's Rccioe Book. 1,000 selected recipes, sent free i? rou -mention this papec ���������I  ���������tt'^;  ,t,^~...^'.,,i>.;,,^,;~'^?q^^^  THE  GAZETTE,  HEDLEY,  B.  0.  Iii  ii  U  , !  "The Big Store"  General  Merchants  KEREMEOS, B. C.  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of all  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing lana, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremeos, B.C.  plies him with intoxicants, for  1 the former is a menace to future generations, and the latter  a continuous menace to the rising generation. As to the he-  old-maids who loaf on the temperance people and shout silly  twaddle from public platforms  an occasional jag would do  them good and the indulgence  in other vices would do them no  particular harm. Between the  two extremes of the saloon hog  whose aim in life is to evade the  law and rob the unwary and tho  temperance blatherskite who  never exercised any part of his  body but his mouth, the sane,  producing portion of the community have a sad time. A  temperance lecturer is just as  valuable to the wealth-producing portion of community as the  bar-room loafer, or "ringer," as  he is usu-ally termed. Neither  produce anything and live off  the earnings of others.  i'tter from a colleague whom  iie had left in the trenches.  The following is an extract  "Your the letter: " I wish the  J-lighters would come; we'd  hase the whole d������������������ lot to  Hell." The censor deleted the  last word and appended a footnote, " I understand all references to future movements of  troops are forbidden.  The only dyes from Germany  which she will be allowed to  send out will be those that  figure in her casualty /list.���������  Tatler.   _j____   The war is costing Britain  about $270 a second. But what's  a second anyway'?���������Tatler.  Wonder if the government  thrift campaign has anything  to do with the small waist movement in feminine fashions.���������-Ex.  ������be IMa?  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  PerYcar..... ,. 52.00  "   (United States). ........... 2.50  Advertising Rates  Measurement. XL lines to tho inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, $1.25 for one insertion, 25 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over one inch,  12 cents per line for first insertion and 8  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  ; 51.25; over 1 inch and up to 4 inches, ������1.00  per inch por month. To constant advertisers  taking larger space than four inches, on  application, rates will be given of reduced  charges, based on size of space and length  of time.  Certificate of Improvements....���������',  ������10.00  (Where more than one claim appears  in notice, $2.50 for each additional  claim.)  Jas. W. Gbier, Publisher*.  Hedley, B. C. June 22, 1916.  " He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me."  With gold, copper, zinc, coal,  lime, fruit, vegetables, cattle  and horses as products the  Similkameen should be one of  the most prosperous districts in  British Columbia.  The rural candidates have  gone into training for the fall  campaign. It may safely be  asserted, "without fear of successful contradiction," that some  of them are as sp ell-binderish  as baled-hay.  There will be some reconstructing "after the war," say  the wise party heeelers. In the  words of Mr. Dooley, "there will  thot," and it's up to the politicians to so conduct themselves  that it will not be necessary for  the reconstruction to take the  form of a revolution.  In the Keremeos correspondence last week appeared this  item: "Another car of men  passed through town Thursday  for Copper mountain." So they  are now being imported in car  lots. The time is not far dis-  distanfc when the railway companies will have feeding troughs  at intervals along their lines  and carry stocks of alfalfa ensilage, baled macaroni, bologna,  saurkraut and raw fish. And  our boys are fighting to protect  car-lot consignments of bohunks  for the B. C. Copper company.  Lettees have been received  from headquarters in the province, of prohibitionists and the  antis, offering to supply interest-  items weekly to   the  Gazette,  free of charge, and take copies of  the paper, also free.   They will  supply the items free.    Thanks  "awfully."   Headers of the Gazette have doubtless arrived at  definite conclusions in reference  to   the   liquor   traffic.    It is a  question which requires no discussion either in the press or on  the platform.     Object   lessons  on the liquor traffic can be seen  daily reeling along  tne streets  of any village in  the  province.  Personally   we  would   vote in  favor of shooting the  habitual  druakurd and the man who sup-  The    Canadians   have    been  hard hit again on the western  front in France, suffering severe  losses, yet sustaining their well-  earned    reputation   for   pluck,  dash and endurance.    The boys  who have gone to war from the  country north  of us, separated  only  by  an imaginary boundary line,  voluntoers, men who  have had no military training  and   no  experience   as professional  soldiers, have   won undying laurels on  many a hard-  fought field, proving themselves  as fearless,  as reckless of life  and limb, with just as unyielding    staying   qualities   as   the  seasoned  and veteran soldiery  of the old world.    The pity  of  it is the   Canadians  have paid  dearly for their intrepidity. We  may not have  the right point  of view of this war, but to one  at a distance it looks as though  England is leaving much of the  more   severe   fighting   to   her  allies and colonists.    In proportion  to the number of troops  supplied England has suffered  less loss than any other nation  mixed in-this gigantic struggle,  or any  of  her  colonial contingents, which looks a good deal  like shirking her share of sacrifice.���������Oroville Gazette.  Naturally the viewpoint and  the conclusion of the editor of  the Oroville Gazette are not the  same as that of the Canadian.  With-us it is not a question affecting one particular section  or the sacrifices made by it, but  one of Empire. We believe the  Welsh have been the hardest  hit of any portion of the British Empire. The Canadian  army is composed of English,  Irish, Scotch, Welsh, Americans,  French, Norwegians and Slavs,  all Canadians. We believe the  English are doing their share  in the fighting. A Scotch or an  Irish unit may be half English.  Possibly the only units that are  free from the race blending are  some of those from Wales. All  are "doing their bit" on land  and sea, and doing it well.  In loving memory of our dear  brother, Pte. John Aitken,  Royal Scots Fusileers, who died  of wounds at the Dardanelles,  June 20th, 1915, aged 27 years.  He was a brother* truly fond,  A friend both kind and true;  A better brother never lived���������  His equals were but few.  He little thought when he left home  That he would ne'er return,  But now he lies in a lonely grave  And we are left to mourn.  His cheery ways, his smiling face,  Are a pleasure to recall;  There is nothing left to answer*  But his photo on the wall.  You had a cheery worn ������or each,  And died esteemed by all.  As dawn crept o'er the trenches,  You fell midst shot and shell.  Our only grief, we were not there  To give the last farewell.  Honor's crown is yours,de*)i- brother;  You've  "joined  that gnllant band  That gave their life for freedom  And the dear home land.  Inserted by his  sisters, Mrs.  Ed. and John Hossack.  Topeka, Kansas, reports an  alligator that stands on its hind  feet at 4 a. m. and sings like a  frog. And we thought Kansas  was prohibition.  TAKE  For  and Bowel Trouble  HedlsuDruflS Book Store  Hecilesy/B. C.  Censored.  A well-known officer in the  Sherwood Foresters, recently  home on short leave, received a I  Hedley's Contingent  Following is the list of the men who  have gone to the   front   from Hedley.  The   Gazette   publishes   them  in  the  hope that nur readers will  nob   fail to  remember these brave fellows who are  lighting   our   battles   for   us.    Write  them a letter occasionally '.'to. let.them  know  you   are   keeping "The   Home  Fires     Burning.'   Addresses     gladly  furnished on request.  Pte. Sid Edwards (Killed in Action)  L. a, Blair- Mills (Killed in Action)  Pte. W. Fullmer  ... '������������������������������������ J. Stapleton  "   J. Frame  "   Tom Corrigan  "  Ebenzer Vans, (Died in Hospital)  "   Roy Corrigan  " . N. B. Ewart  "   Bobby Robertson  "   Jack Howe  "   Dan Devane  "   Dun Dollernore  "   J. T. N. Hepper  "   Arthur--Coles  "   Ber-b ���������Schubert  Corp.   Frank Dollernore  . "   M.J. Meher, (Yoi kie)  L.-Corp. T. C. Knowles  Pte. Rod McDougall  "   R. James  "   M. H.' L. Jacomhs  "���������"��������� E. J. Rotherham  "   Arthur Freeman  "   C, Christiana  "   J. Corrigan  Gunner Chas. Saunders  Pte. A. P. Martin  Sergeant A. W. Jack  Pte. T. Calvert  "   W. Liddicott  "   George Boxall  "   W. Tucker*  "  Fred Beck  2nd Lieut. A. E. Dennran  Pte. J. McClintock  "   A. B. S. Stanley  "   Homer McLean.  Pioneer Nick Pickard.  Matsqui......      ..........: ..Sept l(i  Langley Sept 10  Richmond Sept 19  Richmond  Sept 20  Burquitlam.........  ........ .Sept 21  circuit 4  Baiiiere Sept 13  Hefiey Creek .' Sept 1-115  Pi-itchard S.opl   10  Kamloops Sept 20-22  Salmon A-mi Sept 22-23  Kelowna / Sept 26-26  Ann strong Sept 28-2  Eaurle River- (Malakwa) Oet 3  CIRCUIT 5  Gateway Sept 5  Cranbrook Sept G-7  ���������Windermere.'.'-............. .Sept 12-13  Goldeir. Sept 15.  Fruilvale..' , So.pb 18  Trail ". Sept 19-20  Nelson ' 20 22  Boswell '. Sept 22  Grand Forks............... ..Sept 25-26  Greenwood........ ....... .Sept 27  CIRCUIT 6  Revelstoke Sept 21-22  Robson ."'   Sept 25  Slocan City Sept 26  New Denver .' Sept 27-28  Burton Sept 30  Needles Oet 3--1  Arrow Lake (Nakusp) Oct 4 5  Creston Oct 7  CIRCUIT 7  Nicola : Oct 6  Penticton " Oct 9-10  Surnmeiland " Oct 11-12  Kalanralka (Oyama) '.- Ocfl-t  PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH  Services   every   alternate Sunday   at  7.30 p.m]  Hedley Methodist-Church  FR ANK STANTON, B. A.  Minister  Services will be held the-First and  Third Sundays of the month  at 8.00 p. in.  HEDLEY GAZETTE  JOB DEPARTMENT  OF-  Dates of Fall Fairs  The department of^agriculture has  issued the following fall fair dates for  season 1916:  CIRCUIT 3  Chilliwack. Sept.  13-15  Alder-grove. Sept. 15  SO   YEARS  gXPERiENCE  WHEN YOU ARE IN NEED  Letterheads  Billheads  Envelopes  Statements  Meal Tickets  Milk Tickets  Ball Programs  Posters  TRY US  Dodgers, Dates ,  Circulars  Invitations   -  Business Cards  Bills of Fare  Memo Heads  Butter Wrappers  Visiting Cards  = WE GIVE SATISFACTION  Trade SVIarkf  Designs  Copyrights &e  Anyone sending a sketch nnd description may  quickly ascertain our opinion frco whether o.n  invention is p*-obnbly pnionfaililo. Communlca.  lionsatrtctlyconlideiuMiil.' HANDBOOK on Patents  sent free. Oldest nszenoy for secunnff patents.  Patents taken thronch JJunn & Co. recelv*  special notice, without chi-.rga, laths  ~deii(ific Jltnerican*  A handsomely illustratoS weekly. I.nr^ast circulation of any E-r-iaiiMtiR journal. TentE, $3 a  year; four utonli-a, 51. -JoI<J by all newsdealers.  IBranct ****i*Siv  PTt v- St. *"ViiaMi:i������i">i '������> ������"**  Bow Keejaundry  Only First Class Work  Laundry Delivered Anywhere  Hatching  Eggs  $1.00 PER SETTING  Single Comb Rhode" Island  Reds (selected stock)  D. HENDERSON  WATER NOTICE.  OPERA HOUSE  Take notice  that VV. .1. Armstrong,  D.  J.   Mcjntyi-e,   A.  Thompson,  anrj  tlugh  AJcCor'mack,   whose address is  Penticton,   R.   C,   will   apply  for   a-  licence to take  and use one  hundred  horse  power of  water  out of Susap  creek, which flows easterly and drains  into tlie SiHjilk������i|iieeh"vivei* ivboiit half  a   mill'  north  of   Jr\.  J.   Armstrong's  .ranch,'   The   water   will  he diverted  fiom the stream at a point about one  and  a  hall' miles from  where Susap  crock  untoi-s   the   Similkarnecn,   and  will he  imed I'm*   power and milling  purposes upon tho  mini*  property described as  the  Joe  Dandy and Great  Falls group.   This  notice was posted  on   the ground  on  the eighth day of  June, 1910.    A copy of this notice and  sin application   pursuant thereto and  to the " Water Act, 1914," will he filed  irr the office of thu Water Kecoidcr fit  Princeton,   13.   C.    Objections  to  the  appljeatiop may he  filed with t)ie said  Water  Ilecord'ei* oi-' with tlie poinpr  ti:o)iei' uf  Water' l-tight*"*, Parliament  Buildings,    Yiotpria,    E}.   0.,   within  thirty days aftpr the t'p'sj: appearance  of this notice in a local newspaper.  The dale of the  first publication.of  this notice is June loth, 1916,  W. J. Armstrong,*!  D. J, Mc In TYRE,      Unnlicf.nts ���������  A Thompson, Appiicmo,  Hugh McCQRMAcrcJ  I3y p. J, Mctntyre, Agent.  The Nickel Hate  Barber Shop  SATISFACTORY, SANITARY  .TONSORIflL SERVICE  This shop It equipped with  Baths and all the latest  Electrical  Appliances.  W.T.BUTLER, - Prop. |  PAINTING  PftPER-HflNOING  KfUSO/ftlNING  TERMS MODERATE,  DALY AVE.  ���������HEDLEY, B.C.  NOTICE  JMIXKBAL ACT'  Certificate ol Improvements  Tickets, including supper - - $1.50  Good Music.   Good Time,  Good Cause.  MidniKlib Fractional Mineral Clahu. situate  in the Osoyoos MininifDiviHionof Sirnilkamcon  District.  Whore located:���������Camp Hedloy.  TAKE NOTICK that I, William Waugh.  Free Minors Certificate No.'75192-B, intend,  sixty days from date hcroof, to apply to tho  Mining Rocordor for a Certilleotcof Improvements, for the purposo of obtaining a Crown  Grant of tho abovo claim.  And further tnlco notieo that action, under  section 8.i, must be commenced before tho issuance of such Certificate of Improvement,  Dated this llth day of April, A.]), lyilj.  Synopsis of C09.I Milling {leguiationg  f^OAL mining rights of t|)0 Dominion, if  *-��������� Manitoba, Saskatchewan nnd'AUje '  tho Yukon Territory, the North-west Tt  tories nnd in a portion of tl)o Province of ,_ .  tish Columbia, may be loosed fqra term Of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Nob more than 2,q(J0 acres \vi be leased  to one applicant,  Application for a leas,p must be made by ttio  applicant in person to tljp Agent a;- Siib-Agerifc  of the district in \yliioli the riphts applied for)  arc situatecL '  In snrvoyed territory th������ lftnQ Wist bo dea<  oi'ibed by sections, or lega] sub-diviBions of  sections, and in unsurvcyod territory the tract-  applied for shall be staked ont * tire applicant  himsolf.  Each application must be accompanied by  fee of ?5 which will bo refundod if tho rights  applied for are not available, bub nob other  A royalty shall be paid on tho merchant  " tho niino at the pate of live conts  wise. A royal!  able output of  per ton  Tho poi-soi) operating tho raiuo shall furnish  ic Agent with sworn returns ace  tho full quantity of merchantable  sworn returns accounting for  y of merchantable mined  pay the royalty thereon.   I coal min  ing-rights aro not boing operated su    returns  should be furnished ab lease once a year.  Tho lease will include tho coal mining rights  only, but tho lessee mny bo poi'mittod to purchase whatovcr available surface- rights may  bo conHlderod necessary for tbo working of tho  mine at tho rabo of ������10.00 an acre  For full information application should,bo  made to the Secretary of the Department of  tho Interior. Ottnwn. nt* o any Agenb or Sub-  Agcnb of Dominion La"nds.  W. W. COKY,  Doputy Minlstor of tho Interior.  N.B.-Uuauthorii-ed publicabi        thig odve  tisomant will nob be paid for. 9 dm  A.

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