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The Hedley Gazette Jun 15, 1916

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Array * i *>  ,*"������"��������� *''  -J1*/!*  ���������*���������* V  ' ������*V J,*Vv*"J>Si$I  r            - ������     -   ,          ,-���������.'. ���������'p'j* , *'���������������  ' -' ' J-'<- ' .      " /-"S'"-, s��������� "'iV/'Si.:  .-���������'-<., ' .-  - '   ,.Vv,v *:-/,���������������?  "- , "_*". *-' ' - .   ' .**" i-;'./; * ',t ^  -M- i /a-13  -r?-  Volume XII.      Number 22.  HEDLEY,'B. C, THURSDAY, JUNE 15,  1010.  ,$2.00, In Advance  JflS. CLARKE  U/atchmaker  H ED LEY, B.  Clocks and Watdies for Sale.  Travel by Autocall up Phone No. 12  II A Kootl stock of llorsob arid Kigs on  Ih-ind.    II Orderh for* Teaming  promptly attended to.  WOOD    POR-SALEI  PflLft6&  yvery, Feed" & Sale Stables  Phonoli  HKDLKY   H. C.  P.  J.   INNIS  1'ioiniotoi  [ N. TllOMI'S   .V PHONE SKYMOUH 50H  ' MQR.'WKSl'iaiN CANMDA ���������  Cammell Laird & Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturers "  Sheffield, Eng.  Oillces and Warehouse, 8l7-fi3 Jloatty Sticct  *    Vancouver, B. C.  K������  A. F. & A. M.  KKOUIjAH monthly meetings of  Ucdloy Lodge No. 13, A. F. & A. M.,  aro held on the second Friday in  reach month in Fraternity hall, Hedley. Visiting  Ibrethren are cordially invited to attend.  \Q. H..SPP.QULE,  W. M  S. E. HAMILTON  Secretary  L. O..L.  Tlie llccrnlnr    meetings of  Hedley Lodge-1711 are. hold on  "the," ilvst and .third Monday ii^  every mouth in the Orange Hall  Ladies meet 2nd and 1 Mondays  f Visiting tirothern arc cordially in\ited  W/LONSDALK W. M.  H. E. HANSON, Seo't.  R. F>. BRQW1N  . British Columbia Land Surveyor  Tor- No. 27 . P. O. DliAtvKii 100  PENTICTON,  B." C.  P. W. GREGORY  CIVIL  KNGINKElt ash HRITISH  ' COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building,      -'" - ��������� Princeton ���������  CL Vl'TON  C.   I".   1IASKINR  |\VALTI"i'  GlfW'iOh & fiflSKINS  B.-irristers,  Solicitors,  Etc.  MONKY TO  LOAN  PENTICTON,        - B. C.  I6dl6ii Opera House  fl. I. JONES, Manager  'A. large,  commodious  hall for  Idances or other entertainment.  i-rt^^������V������^5*������������l������^5������'i������5������i5'i������l������l<iswi������^isi9a'������5a"'  ."3  X  Grand  Union |  Hotel  HEDLEY,   British Columbia  X  X  X  %  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  x  X  %  X  X   X  == s  %  A.   WINKLER,     Proprietor. 5  '������������������������  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  of Liquor and Cigars  HEDLEY MEAT  MARKET.,.n  *8  All kinds ofafresh and  cured meats always on  .hand.    Fresh .Fish   on  wale   every   Thursday.  &*=  R. J. EDMOND, Prop,  a*  ;REAT " NORTHERN HOTEL  >\ HEDLEY  V, Bar and Table the Best.  "**\  B.C.  Rates Moderate  First Class Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor  Letter from Yorkie.  The.following interesting letter was received this week by  G. P. Jones  from Corp. Meher:  Mr. G. P.  Jones : I received  your kind and  welcome letter,  dated April  3rd,  and   enjoyed  reading1   it   very  much.    I got  your letter May 0th  at  S p. 111.  by tho night  carrying party, as  I "was up in the trenches and at  ���������I next morning I got into a very  hot hole.  ,We  were  outdoing  our work when Frit/, opened up  a  hellish artillery  lire.    I  had  10 men on my relief that morning,   12  of our men and -1 imperials, which we  have to have  on all reliefs that go out. There  being no, .sergeant on  duty, T  blew   my whistle,   telling   my  lance-corporal to take the men  out of the line  of'lire  and get  under cover,  taking cover myself until about 5 o'clock. About  that  time  the air scouts were  getting busy.    I whistled again  for the lance > corporal and told  him  to  tell the  men to stand  fast and ho and I-would go back  and  cover up  the  work until  later on, as the scouts would get  next to it.    We  were not back  very long when  Fritz put over  a shrapnel, .bursting about 100  feet above my head.   I received  four wounds, one in the leg, two  in   the   thigh   and' one  in the  cheek.    About  that time they  were coming fast.    Infixed my  cheek  up "..with" my owii dressing till such time as 1 could get  out.    I  was  taken   to' tho Canadian hospital for ,trejitment  and   was* there  eight days before they would Xake out any  shrapnel.    My  cheek gave  me  lots of pain.    Probing arid'cutting  is   very  unpleasant" I can  tell you.    If it  hadn't been for  my,   helmet   I    wouldn't   have  been  able  to   write you such a  quick  reply, - and   tho chances  are never.   It broke ray helmet  in four places.    They are a fine  thing 'for shrapnel  bullets.    1  am getting on  fine  and will be  doing light duty in a few'dnys,  and   then  back   again   to  the  same, old  thing.   I  am   senior  corporal   now  and    take    the  place of sergeant.     r .  t,  1  can   well  agree  with   you  this war is hell.   I  would like  to explain to you  just what it  is like, but we aro  not permitted  to  say too  much.   I have  seen hell and men  in it since I  came here.    I have  seen  a lot  of! France and have  been along  sixty miles  of  the  line  since I  first  woirt in.    We  are on the  move all  the  time.    We  have  left   the  company and-just   a  small   section  go along   doing  special  work.    We   have   been  along with imperial  troops all  the  time.    Well,  G.  P..  I just  want to toll you��������� we  have got  the finest lot of men the world  has ever seen.    The empire has  given her best.    They  are  just  a wall of nerve and the line can  never be  broken.   They are all  good, but you can take off your  hat  to  the  imperial Jock any  time.    Every trooper in France  will gamble on them.    There is  a warm place in the hearts of  all the troops for Jock.   There  is no mistake if both sidss would  close   down   their artillery wo  can  beat them  in one month,  Thoy   can't stand   our  attack  since we got men over here. Wc  are not only lighting Gormany,  but wo are fighting the greatest  spy system tho world _has ever  knoAvn.    I was coming out with  my relief some  time  ago and  was halted   by  a patrol oh tho  road.    They asked me  to help  them surround a  spy about 500  yards from the   trenches.    He  was hiding in the woods. I sent  my relief to rest and stayed till  morning.    We got him at daybreak.    The  spys  are   not   all  Germans.      Even   in    Eugland  they   are  working.     You   can  guess what we have to contend  with here.    You can believe me  once a German  always, a German always a  German.   They  aro rotten with all their grand  army.     I  have  been   over the  battle     ground     where     Von  Klock first met our little box.of  soldiers with his great army of  3,500,000   men,   when   we  only  had    the    English,   Irish   and  .Scotch  guards   and   there    we  beat him with our little army-  fighting .him  over 3 to 1; fighting him to a .finish till our little  army was almost gone.    If we  liad men to follow him ,up they  would not. have  needed   me. If  over .1 come back I will   be able  to tell you a lot that I couldn't  ^iniiiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiM  'ifi'M  m  1$  ,-���������-,--*������  V-'i  "<%'!  EXTRACTS on  ./���������M**  I Cut off the FREE COUPON / ^ ;^K  j; It entitles^you t6 a full sized tin  of "MALKIN'S BEST"---the pu^est-'/|l  1 - ..   spice-obtainable .^     ^Tlc:  - ���������*-.-'���������.-,-'.  * .'iSTS  "MALKIN'S BEST" Extracts and Spices are packed in our new.  Hygienic Factory with the most modern machinery  Wholesale Grocers and  Manufacturers. ' *i  I ��������� VANCOUVER, B. C.  %JiH!iii9ElliiiHHii!;iilll!N  ii:iSi3IH!i!!!i!l!!inNfiiii!iin!ll{f#,  ������������������������  say in a letter.  I saw an air duel. There  wore five machines, 3 British  and 2 German. They fought  about 45 minutes, and at last  one of the Germans got on fii'o.  They were, 1 should judge.about  2,000 feet high when the Gorman airman came tumbling  down. I fancy Fritz would  rather be on foot.  While I was down  at the Canadian hospital 1 was very bu*������y  trying to find out   where  some  of our lads were   from  the  inmates   that   came   in.      T  was  right in the heart ol" the Canadian linos mid when   I  got going around a little I  didn't let  any grass grow  under my feet.  The   first,   I   found   was Sergt.  Billy     Tucker   -ol:   the   Nickel  Plate fame. I spent three hours  with    him   and  then   returned,  and the next-1 found was-Corpl  Charley   Armstrong.      He   belongs   to   the  mounted   patrol  police, and   is just  as   big  and  good looking as ever.    You can  believe   me  that   Tucker   and  Armstrong are two of the finest  .looking soldiers I  have seen in  France.    Tucker  is bigger, and  it's   a   standoff* which   is   the  larger, Charley or his  horse.    1  saw him mounted and he looks  fine.   I spent all day with Charley.   The next I found was Jack  Corrigan.    I  spent   two   hours  with   him.    The   next  I  found  were about eight miles away���������  Christiana   and   weary   Willie  Hope.    Billy- has 'still':got that  laugh left.    Well, we had a, fine  old chat.    We  liad   liad   one.of  Tommy's      dinners      together,  bread,  cheese and  tea.    I   got  track of Billy Liddicote, but he  is in the trenches.   Will see him  later.    Good find   to see alLthe  old boys again.    All at present.  Are   we   downhearted V   No,  regards  to  no !    Give my best  all the old trappers.  Cpj,. Misiikk.  France, May 20. 1010.  Remember the band dance tomorrow evening, J0th.  R. H. Brown, Indian agent at  Summerland, Ava6. in towuyos-  terdaj*.  A car of lumber arrived last  week from Cascade for Boeing  & Brass.  Provincial Officer Sproule  leaves today for a short visit at  the coast.  Dr. and Mrs. McCaflVry of  Princeton were visitors in town  this week.  Remember the big two-da}'  celebration at Princeton -June  30th and J uly 1st.  Several interesting duels have  been fought at the golf links  the past week:  'Born���������At Siinilkameen on  Thursday, June, S, 19.10, to Mr.  and Mrs. S. R. McCurdy, a  daughter.'  The Hedley band have accepted an invitation to play at  the Penticton celebration on  Dominion Day.! * ������������������  Win. Sampson, shifter at the  Nickel Plate, Mrs. Srmpson and  family returned this week from  a visit to Summerland.   ���������-  The water in the'������������������Siinilkameen ��������� is'rising rapidly. Last  night blasting had- to: be: done  to break up log jams at the  company's daiii.  A lawyer and a tooth doctor  have beeuiadded to the provincial cabinet.- All that are now  needed to make the aggregation complete are a roper, a  patent stump puller and a llnan-  acrobat.  FAMOUS BOSTONIANS  AT   KEREMEOS   AGAIN  Musical    Organization    of    Girls  Well   Known���������Coming'  June 20.  To our theatre goers, the  Rich tor Hall, Keremeos an-  nounces the delight ful news of  the return of the most pojmlnr  musical comedy organization  which lia* ever played hero���������  the BoPtonians. Older theatre  patrons" will remember with  keen pleasure those past engagements of this celebrated  eoiupauy,and ManagerTweedle  takes no small pride in presenting this internationally famous  organization for its J2th visit  here, on Tuesday, .June 20th���������  one ilay only.  This company has been vevy  successful and has entertained  hundreds of thousands of people in Canada, the States, Alaska, the Yukon and the Hawaiian  islands. . Everywhere, they win  their way to the hearts of their  patrons.' *      . ,v.-;  This season"Tipperary Mary"  will be presented. This offering is truly a delightful breath  of melody from the Ouhl Sod !  The atmosphere and sentiment  so famous for Tipperary, Ireland, itself is transported and  made, a part of this rollicking  two hours' entertainment by j SiTvicos  these little . artistes. Newest  costuming, scenery depicting  the hamlet of Tipperary, together with zestful comedy and  tlie brightest music, all combine  to make "Tipperary-Mary" perhaps the most delicate offerings  that has ever-been presented iri,-  this vicinitj*.   This"presentation/  is being seen for the  first",time'.'",  in   Canada,   and   has'   already!  made a triumph in Calgary and  Edmonton. . " "  "--"'  As always before, this organ-_  ization holds its unique record*  of being the only- theatric-til  company on the road whose entire pcrsonel is made up - of  young ladies���������and every one  an artiste.  "Tipperary Mary" will be seen"  at Richtcr Hall for one night  only. Tuesday, June 20th, and  it is expected that if will, without a doubt, be the best offering to be presented this season.  O. I-J. Carle, fire warden Keremeos, was in town Tuesday.  Ed. N. Chirk, who had a short  though not very brillian career  as    editor    of    the    Coalmont  Courier,   is   now'   posing   as   a  publicity  expert   in  Lake' City,  j Florida. It will be remembered  j that Clark was a very bad. man  j who had acquired thegun badness in London,  Eng.    He was  west, very westy, and from the  remotest    end     of   the   gulch,  when lu*. his  gun and a jag all  hinded   "to  onct".'in  Princeton.  Headed up, gun taken, jag simmered, the result of not having  acquired the true trigger nerve.  He had a correspondence school  badness,   but  it didn't  fit  into  the sage-brush.  PRESBYTERIA N  CHURCH  -.'very   nlteruate  Sunday   at  * 1.30 p.rnl  Hi'*i)j,KY Methodist Ohukcii  FRANK STANTON, 13. A.  Minister  vSui'vici's will be liekl tlie First arid  Thii'tl Sunday'' ol* Ihe utoulli  ntS.tX) p. in.  "���������til"''"  -.;'!��������� ���������a'w. >  smtMsxte  ... ..V.^'-XitJt1*'-*'-^-1^','^  .....  oii)ntgiaatxa^wLiLi^ulii*iiiiinlrliin- 11s  rijffl'kiMjM*a**(tff<i������i'  **v * *������ A"**t_  1S^������W^za'^*m r  .U-3~=T,    ..v-*-    ,       y-m 7,u*A u, T*f* -**m (.������, ,������������������ ulj,���������.  W.Jam^MMWS^'-J-O'W^L-W,'*)*^: ������������������**: jMjBiaiaaMiiTjrju ulr*^WirfITiirB������'tt-< TlfJriV  [)t'WKUUriUCn������W> W  "*.--"���������*/ ,* ' "5 *-t-i5J/??r>i"*i1'"'   '-"V'��������� ?-.  i|       ���������  /  v i-1 i  GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.      B.      C.  ������  '.Vi  ��������� IS)  .ft  ������<  L.tf  1.))'  is all you need to pay for the  best and purest Soap in the world  ���������Sunlight The inducements  offered with common soaps can-  oot make up for the guaranteed  purity of Sunlight Soap, ni  Bsgasas'S'C)'^^ "  ���������dCS-i  IL".-  INSURANCE  COMPANY  An  Exclusively   Canadian   Company  Assets  Over  Four   Million   Dollars  An Excelsior Policy is. a Money 'Saver;. Get One. To-day.  gesstitraaiagsatBaGi-tBi^  'BOLTS BY ALT, SPSS SHOE DEAXERtf  VoKRB*-ri*VTf*V MEMBER OF TilE TAWAX  g^^x^Bs^sss^a-^s^^^^sz&^^^iii^ss^^  h ?  gtf  fi-ffH  LO  A horse iu tlie field is worth two  in the barn. -"STou can't prevent:  Spavin, Ringbone, Splint, or Curb from  *��������� putting your horse ;n the barn but you  can prevent these troubles from keeping  horses in the barn verv long. You can get  SPAVIN CURE  at any druggists at $1 a bottle.G for 55, and  Kendall's will cure. Thousands of farmers!  a*.-.cl horsemen -trill say. so. Our book  "Treatise on the horse" free. 104  Dr. B. J. KENDALL CO.. Enosbnrjj Fails, VJ.  k,������,������\'),"V!a??Sv  m  Shoe Dressing  Especially adapted  for I.Rdics'andChildren 's Shoes, produces  the blackest and most  brilliant shine of any  self-shiniii g ,d rcssir. 2  made. Contains no-  thiug injurious and  is the the only drcss*-  inff of its kind that  contains oil lo soften  and preserve the  leather.    ���������������������������  Makez Old Shoes look ���������  like New. Used largely  in ^.Sltqc Factories foi  sSS'?   tj    Jinishins new   itork.  ^ AT ALL DEALERS  Canadian Ambulances at the Front  A Toronto officer in the K.A.M.C.  writes from "somewhere in JL''rance":  "We have seven motor ambulances  and three horse ambulances attached  to our unit. Five bear the inscription, 'The Canadian Women's Motor  Ambulance.'  ���������'Just past the town, about sLr  miles from here, there is a big reserve convoy of between 50 and GO  motor ambulances lined up on the  side of tlie road, and there are a  number of such convoys back of the  line. After a big balLle last fall thev  were able to take Dack all the  wounded in motor ambulances without calling upon any other kind of  conveyance. All along the road  there are great numbers of motor  lorries, and in the town a very large  number of the old .London motor-  buses for carrying troops about  quickly. A great number of horses���������  riding and light and heavy draught���������  and mules arc in use " also. The  horses aro for drawing guns and  ammunition waggons, and the mules  draw other transport waggons of  the Army Service Corps attached to  the different regiments, held' kitchens, etc? Mules are .not used to'clraw  guns or ammunition, because the'y  arc liable to balk or act up Ugly at  the   slightest provocation."  ing  s Broadcas  WANTS     EVERYBODY.    TO   KNOW  ,, DODD'S   KIDNEY    PILLS  CURED   HIM  Cannot Advance  Dare Not Retreat  This is K'iplir.Cj's View of the Germans'  ,, Present   Position  The Revue de Paris publishes extracts from three letters sent by  Kr.'lyard Kipling to M. Andre Chevril-  loi). Mr. Kipling expresses his opinion  very cearly ou the military aspect ot  the war. lie has repeatedly shown, he  says, that tae Germans cannot withdraw from theirpresent line, of battle,  for if they did they would haye to explain why to their own people. They  cannot afford to retreat. Their force  has to be used up bit by bit and individually, either by their-advancing  and winning victories, or staying where  they aro. And when it is used up  there will not be very, much Gorman  problem left* to consider.  la all this, Mr. Kipling points out,  he is starting .from the hypothesis  that the war has meant: no less to  .the enemy, other than loss of men.  In the course of; one of; his letters  Mr. Kipling appeals- to France, who  has paid with the flesh of her flesh;  to England, with her half million of  sacrificed lives and more to-come,  and to Russia, with her innumerable  dead, to hold on. "The' rats are  there heforo us in a single ditch,"  he says, "and. as far as England and  the empire are concerned, we can  put enough men on the western  front to hold tho 'Bodies' as the  French are holding them; and when  v/e do, it will be the Germans who  will have to do the thinking."  Mr. Kipling views the financial  situation form a somewhat whimsical standpoint. Being 50 years of  age, he refuses to take an optimistic  view of things. Young men of 20 or  less perhaps may strive to prove that  every war is succeded by a wave of  immense prosperity, whose causes are  psychological as well as material, but  Mr. -Kipling prefers to accept the  popular theory that- universal ruin is  awaiting Britain. But- he" is not  downhearted in the midst of this gen-  era.l dobacle. lie is cheered hy the  thought that when the whole world is  ruined (materially) ever one will be  as rich as his neighbor.  In England, wnerc small subscribers  to the national loans are, he says, not  numerous, a certain proportion ot  debt will be wiped off the slate on the  simple pretext that men who were rich  enough to lend large sum-' to the state  are rich enough to lose- them. This is  immoral, he r.dmits; hut the British  shall only laugh, and the losers "will  laugh with the rest. And then���������no  doubt'the1 losers will be given titles to  compensate them for their monetary  loss. -This, ho thinks, would be an  admirable apotheosis.  ���������"������  Russian   Railway  Extended  to  Tabriz  The .Russian railway just extended  to Tabriz, Persia, probably will be  pushed into Baluchitan to link Petro-  gra<l with British Indian cities, according to a communication lo the  United States department of commerce from IT. D. Baker, commercial  attache at Petrograd, describing the  opening of the line iut'o Persia. Mr  Baker rode on the first train that entered  that ancient Persian City.  The railway was pushed to htirried  completion  for military purposes  aiid  no commercial freight will be handled  i for srirne  time. Eventually the line is  expected  to divert    to Russian cities  _What 'They 'Cured..-  Here's the remarkable experience of-  a Kova Scotian:���������  '*I was once a terrible sufferer with  kidney and bladder troubles, aud at  times I would lose the use of my legs,  and could not go away from home without some one with me. I was treated  by different doctors for 3 years, and only  got temporary relief. My son advised  me to lake Gin Pills.'and after taking the  firit 2 or 3 doses I got relief. . I continued to tako-them until I got completely  cured.   I owe my life to Gin Pills.  Yours very tmlv,  1* 1'. M. KUMVTOrc,  Port Med way, N. S.,r  DIN*" l'IT,I,R are G0i-. a box or 0 ho.-ics for  $2.r.0:tt nil druggists.    Sample  treatment free  if requested.  KaUuual JU>r:;<r & Chemical <To. of Csisoda  ������j:*ii'.ctl, xoroalo  The -United States is ��������� said to be  the ".greatest sugar-consuming country of the world. In 1913 its total  consumption amounted to 3,743.139  tons���������including cane, beet and maple.  This- is a per capita consumption of  34.5 pounds per annum. Much of  this is consumed in the form of candy, over 1500,000,000 bsing spent for  'that.sweet commodity in "the United  atatcs   every   year.  Lcuis Champagne, After a Long Period of Sickness and Weakness,  Says He Found New Health in  Dodd's   Kidney   Pills.  Millerand, Ont.���������(Special)-���������Strong  and hearty again after a long period  of "weakness and ill-health, Louis  Champagne, a well known resident of  this place, is spreading broadcast the  good news that he found new health  and strength in Dodd's Kidney, Pills.  ',- "For a long time," Mr. Champagne  states in an interview, "I suffered  from kidney disease and backache. My  appetite was uncertain, and I got up  in the morning with a bitter taste in  my mouth. There were flashes of  light before my eyes, and I had a  dragging sensation across the loins.  My limbs were heavy and I was always tired.  "Then I decided to try Dodd's Kidney Pills, and I am glad to be able  to say that two boxes made me well.  I recommend Dodd's Kidney Pills-"-to  all those who suffer from feebleness  or bad  kidneys."  ���������If you have the symptoms mentioned by Mr. Champagne you may be  sure your kidneys need attention: Neglected kidneys are the causa of more  than half the ills mankind is heir to.  The way to treat sick or weak kidneys is to use,Dodd's Kidney Pills.  Pills of Attested Value.���������Parmelee's  Vegetable Pills are the result of careful, study of the properties of certain  roots and herbs, and the action of  such as sedatives and laxatives on the  digestive apparatus. The success the  compounders have met with attests  the value of their work. These pills  have been recognized for many years  as. the''best cleansers of the system  that can be got. Their excellence was  recognized from the first and they  grow     more popular daily.  Cheese''Making in Alfcerta  Life's Handicap  Fond Mother (proudly)���������And do  you not think 'e looks like 'is father?"  The Soldier (sympathetically) ���������  Don't you let that worry you, Mrs. McCarthy, so long as 'e's 'ealthy.���������Passing Show.  Keep  house.  Minard's    Liniment    in    the  First, Tramp���������You seem very 'appy  abalit it.    What's up?  Second Tramp (reading war speech)  ���������'lire's me bin goin' wivout' luxuries  all this time an' I've only jus' found  out that I've bin 'elpin' tlie country  to   win   this  war.  No man or woman should hobble  about because of corns when so certain a relief is at hand as ITolloway's  Corn Cure.  A new electric washing machine  for household use does all its work in  a stationery laundry tub and eliminates all handling of the water by the  operator.  Alberta Cheese to Become a Most Important  Industry  "The cheese industry of Alberta is  bound to become much more important," said C. P. Markel, provincial  dairy commissioner in an interview.  "The war has created a great demand  for cheese, and while this province has  cot yet got to-a point-where it can  produce-enough to supply,the local,demand, the War heed is bound to help.  "The cheese season is now opening  and there is every prospect of an excellent year because the high prices  which obtained last year will undoubtedly be maintained this season. Alberta has all the natural resources for  the making of cheese, the feed and  the cool nights, two "things essential,  and in time we are bound to have one  of the finest cheese sections of the Dominion.  "1 think that in time, the lower  foothills of the -province, used only at  the present time as ranges or for no  purpose, will produce cheese in great  quantities. They will equal three famous uplands of Denmark in time. The  ccol nights mean the better keeping  of milks and cream and cheeses, and  that is a great thing for the industry,  especially when combined with possibilities of cattle feed usch as exist on  the long slopes from the Rockies eastward."  Mr. Jones had recently become the  father of twins. The minister stopped him in the street to congratulate  him.  "Well, .Tones," he said, "I hear that  the Lord has smiled on you."  "Smiled on me?" repeated .Tones.  "He  laughed   out   loud."���������Tit-Bits.  A chicken breeder near Toronto is  selling 1,200 day-old incubator hatched chicks weekly, nnd savs he could  sell  12,0CO if he  had  them.  The position of lire Canadian  fArmor is unique in nearness to, and  iu our facilities for, reaching the best  markets.  Aching Back Gets Relief Quick!"  One Rub With "Nerviline:' Cures  Every Bit of Stiffness and  Soreness   Goes   When  "Nerviline" is Used  Pain in back or side is awful hard to  reach. Deep in the tissue ia a congested or strained muscle. It is a  long way for a liniment'to go. L-ini-  the  trade  of Tabriz, most    of wliicli imen������ >'01* h*ve used have not reach-  ... ������x ,1       ii        itn.i       1 his       vt ri 1 n linl hard      ir/iii  formerly went lo Black Sea ports and  through Turkey.  Tabriz is ' lire leading carpet market of the world and has a population  of 200,000. It has ,a heavy trade also  in cotton and dried fruits. ' Quantities of raisins are grown in the surrounding country.  MOTHERAND BABY  The fond mother always has the welfare of her littlo ones at heart. She is  continually on the watch for any appearance of the maladies which threaten her little ones. Thousands of mothers have learned by experience that  nothing will equal Baby's Own Tablets  in keeping the children well. Coii-  cernirrg them Mrs. R. Morehouse, Bliss-  field, N.B., writes: "Baby's Own Cablets are the best medicine I have ever  used for my baby. He was very ciosr,  but the Tablets soon put him right  again." The Tablets are sold by medicine dealers or by mail at 25 cents a  box from Tho Dr. Williams' Medicine  Co., Brockville, Ont.  ed   it,   and   the   pain     bothers   you,  whether moving or lying down.  What a pity you haven't tried Nervilinel Penetrating, you ask? Yos, and  powerful, too. Nerviline strikes in far  deeper than any application you have  ever used.    You  might pay a dollar,  ten dollars, a hundred, for that mat1-  tor, but you could -not equal Nerryi-  line, either in strength, quickness of  action,   or permanency  of  relief.  If you think this too much to say  for Nerviline, try it, and' be coa-  vinced.  If you receive from Nerviline evea  a little less relief from pain than this  advertisement induces you to expect,  you can get your money back.  The only pain remedy iu the world  sold under a guarantee is-Nerviline���������  surely it is safe to try it.   '  Nerviline is sold bydruggists everywhere, 25 cents or 50 cents a bottle, or  direct from The Catarrhozone Co,  Kingston,  Canada.  Officer���������Not    much  Give him a Number  The- Medical  wrong with him.  Nine "Pill.  The Orderly���������I'm afraid we-'re out of  "Number Nines," sir.  The Medical Officer���������Then give him  a Number Four and a Number Five.���������-  London Opinion.  No Premature Feace ���������"���������  "We all dread lest a peace ia declared too soon, and before their  navy has got sent under by us,"  writes one at the front to Mr. O. A.  Allen, the secretary of the Canadian  immigration Office , in lilngl.ind. "1  fear if war goes on another six  months, say, people, will begin, to  say, 'Oh, we've had enough���������let us  be merciful and not hit them too  hard, etc., etc.' Let those people  come out here and see, desoiation-  and misery and suffering beyond description, "��������� the mark of war everywhere���������whole country defaced, 'irreparable and wholesale destruction of  historical buildings and scenery. No,  we are most keen on going ou and  getting 'our' own back, and making  the brutes beg and be kicked up fordoing  so."  THZ NEW FRENCH REMEDY. N.t. No2.-*"*J**.  treat success. cuni:s chronic weakness, lost vicob  k   V)S!   KIDNEY.   BLAUDCK   DISEASES. HLOOD   FOISOK.  riLES     EITHER  NO   DRUGGIST S Or HAD. SI. POST 4 CT9 ,  rOUGERA CO  SO' BEEKMAN ST. NEW YORK or LYMAN BKRS  TORONTO      WRITE FOR FREE BOOK TO DR. JC.E CLEM  Mcd co HaversiockKd.Hampsti-ad.London.Kn*.  TRY NEWDRAGEEdASTELESSlFORMOl'    EASY TO TAIB  T H E R APIO N' aa.sB~  Ul THAT   TRACK   MARKED WORD  'THERAflOX    IS OS  OBIT GOVT STAMf AFFIXXD TO ILL GENUINE rACKEX*  We recently heard a remark by an  old ��������� Kentucky farmer which seems  -worth entering for the ungrammatical  sentence prize. To a. visitor he observed- "Them,three Miss Perkins is  three of as pretty a 'gal' as ever I see."  Tho  Great  English. 'XicKicds. 'I  Tones and invigorates the *nrhoIa I  nervous system, makes nc-Y.Blooa  in   old  Veins,   Cures  A'crvova  Debility, Menial and Brain Worm, Despon- il  dency, f.oss of Kncrcv, Palpitation of Out  Heart, Failing ilanory.   Price SI per box, sia  forS5.    One will please, nix will cura.   Sold by aU  druscista or mailed in plnin pkg' on- receipt ol  price. A7rivpnmph7rtmailrdfrce. THE WOOB _  MED3CJNKCO.,T0H0MT0.-0I*T.  (F^racr';WiflilsaiJ j  Husband (explaining Income tax)-  You see, my dear, if our income ia  over a stated-amount we have to'pay  the government. ���������  Wife���������And if it Is under that amount,  does the government have to pay us?  Despite the numerous "cures/' cancer continues to increase.  or EiXnausuon-  ervous System.  It is quite possible for the nervous system to' bo " considerably exhausted before you realize the seriousness of your condition. .You do not  feel up to the mark, are easily tired out, "worry over littlo things, and get  cross 'and iiritable, but do not consider yourself sick.  For 11m reason *we shall give an outlino of the symptoms so that you may be -warned  in time and use preventive treatment at a liino when it Trill do the most good. -  1. General discomfort���������excitement and depression alternating.  2. Headache and 6ometim.es dizziness,  and deafness.  3. Disturbed, restless, "unrefreahing sleep, interrupted by dreanya, ^    .  4. "Weakness of memory, particularly of recent events.  5. Blurring sight, noise3 and ringing in tlie ears,   ������������������  6. Disturbance of sensibility or feeling, as in hands, or, "with -women, in the breasts.  7. Coldness of- parts of-body or flushing and sweats.  8. Lack of tonei, easily "fatigued, dyspepsia." ' -  9. Pear to be alone, or in a crowd, -fear of things falling, fear of travelling, etc.  These symptoms indicate that the nerves are being starved for lack of rich, ret!  blood.    Certain elements are lacking v/hich can best be supplied by Dr. Chase's Nerve Food.  This cure ia easily available and awaits alone your action in-applying ii There is no  question of the rnerita of this food cure. Enquiry among your friends will prove to you  that majay thousands of women, and men, too, are being" restored to health and vigor by  usa of Dr. .Chase's Nerve Food.  BO cents a box, G for $2.50, all dealers, or Edmonson; Bates  & Co., Limited,'.Toronto. Do not bo talked into accepting  a substitute.    Imitations disappoint.  Dr. Chase's Recipe Book. 1.000 selected recipes, sent frco if you mention this paper.  The 'cheapness of Mother Graves'  vVorm Exterminator puts it within  reach of all, and it can be got at any  druggist's.  "When Jones bought nls new house  it.was. with the express understanding  that bc'should have a room all of his  own���������a den or study."  "Yes, I know what you mean. Did he  Set it?".  "Yes, and his ���������v.-1*'. ���������*> furnished it."  "How?" -  "With a sewing machine, a cutting  rable, two dressers, dummies, three  R-rivmg chairs and -������ full-length mir-  rt-r."���������Tit-Bits.  W. N.   (J.  llflG  tr,  A-  vmmmi>mm*m,,iiMi<. j:   '>'-'��������� -.-*- r /- ' ,1/  "->y&  THE     GAZETTE,/   HEDLEY,      B.      C.  Telephone for Every'  15 Persons in Canada  1,396    Companies    Have Earned Over  $4,000,000  According to the annual blue book  of the railway department giving telephone and express statistics, there is  now one telephone for every 15.1 persons in Canada, The increase in the  use of the telephone has been steady  during the past few months, and war  conditions do not seem to have interrupted the progress. The number of  telephones reported as being in use in  1915 was 533,090, an increase of 11,-  946 over 1914. The principal growth  was in rural districts. Tho net earnings of the 1,396 companies In Canada totalled $4,764,957, which was  $350,091 better than the result of 1914.  The total capitalization of Canadian  telephone companies now amounts to  $74,285,000.  Express,, earnings for 1915 show  some shrinkage, owing to war conditions. Gross earnings for 1915  [amounted to $11,311,797, as compared  '���������with $12,646,451 for 1914. Net earn-  jings totalled only $68,668, as compared with $383,455 in 1914. The small-  Iness of thd net earnings, however, is  [perhaps not so significant as might be  j supposed, when it Is considered that  [the express companies paid last year  | to railways and other carrying agen-  Jcies for express privileges, a total  [amount of $5,610,224^. This latter  [amount went in reality to the transforation companies which own the  [stock of the express"companies.    ���������  The Sixth Overseas  Universities Company  h The Demands of the Time  [The Farmer is Providing a Good-sized  Portion of the Ammunition     ���������   -  The man who produces one pound  ��������� of anything of value; the man who  improves the breed of his own cat-  [tle, the man who makes' two blades  iof grass grow where 'one grew before, is adding to the wealth of-the  nation, to the richness of the country. Not alone is that "the case, but  he is contributing his bit to Christianity and to the welfare of the  world. It is given- to the farmer  and breeder tp serve .Iris native  land more by " his individual effort  than is within the power of the  ' ordinary follower' of any other occupation. The farmer by his own  unaided" efforts, except by the gifts  of nature, can maintain his wife  and family. No other worker in  the world's vineyard can - say so  jnuch unless he is willing to go naked and that he and his should often  times suffer the pangs of hunger.  "And the claims upon the farmer and  his fellow, the breeder, in present  circumstances are not only urgent  "but  many.  There are people who object to the  .assertion that the agriculturist is  making the earth yield its utmost  in tending his Hocks and herds with  '-care, dilligence and intelligence, is  doing his bit, the same as the man  'in the trenches. He is not directly  placing his own life in jeopardy perhaps, but he is helping to sustain  those who are.  He is providing a good sized por-  tio- <,f the ammunition. The fault is  not in the assertion itself, but in the  use that is made of it by the man  who has no spirit for the right and  who, the probabilities are, is doing  his full bit neither in agriculture nor  m any other form of industry.  There are possibly men on the land  ���������who would'be more use on the field  of battle, but one thing is certain if  the men who are of value to the  soil and to the farmyard are taken  away some means must be found to  replace them.  Canada's future lies In the womb  of her agriculture. To make tho  best use of the - opportunities that  are and will be, to take our rightful place in the world's economics,  we must toil, without ceasing, we  must produce and improve, we must  bend all our energies to results, we  -must utilize waste and, amidst it  all, we must focus our eyes upon  [ the future and pay our respects to  ! conservation. Our position is uni-  ; .que in nearness to, and in our facilities for reaching, the best markets. Transportation just now may  be difficult and expensive, but it will  not always be so, and when the time  comes for greater freedom of trade  ���������we must be prepared for it. This  can be done not alone by industry,  but also by economizing; not by  hoarding, but by the judicious use  of our resources. A truth ever to be  born in mind is that what is wasted by fools is turned into profit  "by the wise. Even In the midst of  Its campaign of destruction and ferocity, Germany, so word is flashed  across the sea, Is devoting attention  to education and internal Improvement and development.  Families   Never  Saw the  Sun  In     Galicia,     where   tlie   Russians  won great victories, there  is  one of  the     most   remarkable   underground  .cities in  the  world.    It  has  a population of over 1,000 men, women anil  -children,  most  of  whom  have  never  seen  the  light of day.  It is known as the City of the Salt  Mines, and is situated several hundred feet below the earth's iurface.  Its being is due to the greatest salt  mines in the world, which though it  has been mined for many generations,  seems inexhaustible. The city has its  town hall, church, theatre and assembly room, all made from the crystallized rock salt. It has long, wide  streets and big squares, lighted by  ��������� electricity.  There  are  numerous    instances  of  families     in   this   underground     city  where   not  a   single     individual    in  three   or   four  generations  has   seen  ���������the sun. .������  ^Reinforcements" for the Princess-Pat-  .. -  ricia's Canadian  Light Infantry  *  Canadians, of whatever, nationality,  thrill as they recall the wonderful  record made by tho Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry at Fes-  tubert, at Ypres, and many other bat  tleflelds in Belgium;; how, in the face  of overwhelming odds, they held their  positions by their courage, steadiness  and dogged perseverance.  For nearly a year the P.P.C.L.I., (as  the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light  Infantry is known in military circles)  has been reinforced by a steady flow  of recruits of the very finest of our  Canadian manhood. These recruits,  many now veterans, are determined  that this fine battalion shall not lose  its high record, but with their help  shall have added honor and prestige  in the future.  The reinforcements have been  drawn from all over Canada, and the  Universities of Canada have made  this battalion their care. Already 1,-  350 officers and men have gone forward under the title of the Universities Companies and are doing their  '���������bit" at the front or at Shorncliffe.  Five Universities Companies have  left Canada.  The number of men volunteering  from the west has been simply wonderful. So much so that the authorities of the Western Canadian Universities decided to send overseas a battalion composed of students of the  Western Universities and members, of  the teaching ��������� staff. This battalion is  now recruiting and is called the 196th  Western Universities Battalion,  C.E.F.  - The object of the Western Universities Battalion and of the Universities  Companies is the same In that it provides a means for men to get to the  front in congenial company, but  though their paths are parallel, they  are not identical in this respect. The  Western Universities Battalion is for  Overseas Service aa a battalion, and  the Universities Companies are reinforcing the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry.  The P.P.C.L.I. is now composed  mainly of men from the Universities  Companies and the steady flow of reinforcements for this battalion must  not be allowed to stop and further  the standard of the recruits must always be the "best that Canada can  offer."  There are many men of the University type whose hearts grow warm  as they read -nd hear the name of the  Princess Pat's, for they have brothers, relatives and friends In it, and  they -wish they could have an opportunity of joining it. To these men the  news that a sixth company is being  recruited under Major McKergow, at  McGill University in Montreal, will be  -welcome.  The Sixth Company is In. comfortable quarters at McGill Uinversity  and has all the advantages of the use  of the McGill Campus and the University Building, including the McGill Students' Union.  The Universities Companies have  been almost overwhelmed with the  hospitalty of the residents of Montreal and its suburbs.  The training of the Companies has  been of an exceptionally efficient character, and has been of a nature to develop specialists, some at musketry,  others at signalling, others at tactical  exercises, an'd again others in physical training, bayonet fighting and  bombing.  The great advantage of these companies is that men of the same social  status go forward together, and  Join a battalion in which they will  find a large number of congenial spirits. Another advantage is the rapidity with which they go forward to the  front. The training in Montreal usually takes about three months, and  after two months further training In  England^, they take their place in the  firing line without unnecessary delay,  The reason for this is the fact that  these companies reinforce a battalion  already at the front.  A considerable number of the men  who have joined the Universities Companies have, upon reaching England,  obtained commissions in the British  and Canadian units It is, of course,  impossible to make any guarantee as  to promotion of this character, but  the nature of the training received  and the reputation of the Universities  Companies "make the chances of promotion excellent for the type of men  that the Universities Companies accept.  Intending recruits are examined locally by an army medical officer, receive their transportation to Montreal, and immediately obtain their uniform, and start their training without delay. Readers are Invited to  make known to their friends this opportunity. The officer commanding,  6th Overesas Universities Company,  McGill University, Montreal, will be  glad to supply any further information  that may be required.  Keeping Accounts  System of Keeping Records Will Show  up  in  Farm  Affairs  Bookkeeping has not as yet played  an important - part in the work of  the farmer. On small farms where  the income and the outgo amount to  only a few .hundred dollars a year  there is not such a pressing need of  spending much time on account.  On larger farms, or In the case of  high-priced land, however, where the  investment runs Into thousands of  dollars, there will be financial gain  in utilizing some sort of senBible  bookkeeping system.  The mere keeping of accounts,  however, unless it leads to improved  practice, amounts to nothing In  farming or in dairy operations. If  the record of one department of the  farm shows up favorably when the  profits aro (summed up, more emphasis can b'e placed on that phase  of the work, so as to make a still  better showing. In no department  do records shed more light than when  applied to dairy cows. There are  loafers or boarders in every herd,  and those who are most up-to-date  are willing to go to the trouble of  keeping accounts of each individual  cow so that the robbers may be sifted out and sent to the shambles. On  general principles there is an educational value in the keeping of accounts. While, Iri a measure one's  bank balance Is a fairly good guide  as' to how things, are coming along  financially, still the perfection' of a  system of records adds immensely  to the interest we have in certain  operations, and invariably the painstaking talent that is developed by a  system of keeping records will show  up in farm affairs themselves and from  that standpoint alone there will be  gain that is worth while.  Shade Trees  When Co-operation Fails  Good   Feelings  Should   Not  Take  the  Place of Business Methods  A group of farmers ordered a carload of mill feed on a co-operative  basis. One of them volunteered to  look after the business end of it and  to let the others know when the feed  arrived. It came in1" due time, and so  did all the farmers except one. That  one is a man whom everybody likes  and trusts, a man whose word is as  good as his bond.  He had^ome good excuse for not being there,'so the man who was'Iooking  after the order secured.a place to put  his part of the .feed and sent him word  where to get it. Some time afterward  he sent for the feed. Still later���������some  months later���������he met the man who  had ordered the feed for him, and paid  him���������the exact cost of the feed.  He did not say a word about paying  for the trouble of finding a storage  place and putting the feed in it, or  about paying interest on the money  the business manager had advanced  for him. He doubtless appreciated the  kindness of the business manager, and  would certainly have done as much for  him; but "he failed to consider that  this friend was out considerable  trouble, some labor, and the interest  on something like a hundred dollars  for two  or three months.  The man who acted as business  manager in this deal has about concluded that it pays him better to go  it alone than to try to co-operate with  his neighbors in buying. He says  farmers are too neighborly, that they  want good feelings to take the place  of business methods.  His disillusionment Is not to be wondered at. The spirit of neighborliness  and good will must be the basis of all  successful co-operative enterprise, but  this neighborliness must be put on a  business basis. One need not love his  neighbor less for keeping accurate accounts with him.���������The Country Gentleman.  A lazy man Is a dead one who can't  be burled.  Value of  Property  Greatly  Increased  by Planting of Trees  It Is an extravagant idea, characteristic of the times, that in order  to have beautiful shade trees along  our roads and around our homes  it is necessary to purchase them at  fancy prices from commercial nurserymen. This is far from the truth.  It is possible to plant merely the  tree seeds in prepared spots about a  foot square. Of course it will take  some time for these seeds to develop  into large-sized trees, but remember  that we are planting for the next  generation. During the ten years  that we would think about purchasing these trees without doing so, our  seeds will have developed into attractive-looking young trees. Or better still, go to the woods some of  these days before the busy season  comes on, carefully look over the  young seedlings and pick out the required number of promising trees so  that when transplanting time comes  there will be no time lost in searching around for suitable trees. In  transplanting ' from the forest the  temptation is always to choose trees  of too large a size. The smaller a  tree the easier it may be transplanted and the quicker it recovers from  this shock. The safest way is to  select small trees not over four feet  tall. As much soil as possible should  be taken up with the tree and held  intact so as not to break the very  small and fine roots. As it Is almost impossible to transplant a  large tree without breaking some of  the roots, it is generally advisable to  clip the tips of the branches of the  crown and to cut the lower branches  off close to the main stem. This restores equilibrium between the reduced root system and the crown.  As the tree develops it Is necessary  to continue to remove the lower  branches until the lowest are sufficiently high from the ground. In  this way a long trunk and high  branching crown are secured. It  should be remembered that a branch  six feet from the ground always remains six feet from the ground, for a  tree grows in height from the tip  only and does not stretch out its entire length as doe3 a growing boy.  Where a large amount of shade  tree planting is to be done it is often  advisable to purchase them from  wholesale forest tree nurserymen,  who will furnish most of the desirable species for no more than fifty  cents to $5 per 100 for small sizes.  This would be less than the value  of the labor required to move 'them  from the woods.  When and how you get the trees  is of minor importance so long as  you get and plant them. Tho time  necessary to plant a few each year  will never be missed and within a  few years the value of your farm  will "be increased out of all proportion to the labor spent in planting  the treeB.  Must Work to Beat Subs   ] Big Irrigation Convention  A Greater Output on the Clyde Is Urgently Needed  Arthur Henderson, president of the  board of education, who is also chairman of the national advisory committee on war output, addressing a conference of the Clyde shipwright workers, uttered a grave warning concerning the necessity of doing better than  they have yet done if the British mercantile fleet is to be maintained at the  proper strength to support the extraordinary demands to support it.  "During the early days of the war,"  he said, "in order to assist the navy,  labor was transferred from merchant  shipping until 1t was practically  brought to a standstill. But I want  to Impress upon you that we can no  longer afford to neglect the construction of merchant- ships. We have to  remember that the enemy Is boasting  of the success of his submarine policy, and there are other factors contributing to the pressing demand for  an increase of shipping tonnage. The  president of the board of trade has  told me how needful It is that everything possible be done to secure the  rapid delivery of shipping now under  construction. To assure this two  things   are   absolutely   necessary.  "The employment of skilled men  must be strictly limited to that class  of work for whicn their special skill  is essential and which cannot be performed by men of lesser skill or by  women, and all, workers must be maae  to feel that their full time in wholehearted service is indispensable in  winning the war."  Mr. Henderson referred to the  grave concern caused to the admiralty by the failure of men to work full  time. In one Clyde area alone, out  of a total of 152,000 hours, no less  than 15,700 hours were thus lost He  concluded r with an appeal to the or-  gaized workmen to realize the nation's need and do their best  England Has Beer Without Headache  The liquor control board has discovered a new non-alcoholic beer, the  sale of which will be pushed as far  as possible in the English public-  houses.  "It seems like beer, it looks like  beer; It tastes like beer���������the only  difference is in the headache," says  the statement Issued by the board.  In a test case, a workman drank  twenty pint bottles without becoming  intoxicated. The new drink will  be placed at the disposal of pailla-  ment, in the house of commons.  "Plase, ma'am," said a little girl to  the woman who lived next door,  "mother wants to know if you will  lend her your gramophone this afternoon."  "What an extraordinary request! Is  she going to give a dance?"  "No, ma'am. We're tired of dancing to it She wants to keep it quiet  for a couple of hours so that baby can  sleep!"  Fooled the Spies  German  Spies Paid a Good  Price for  Worthless Information  When France was first manufacturing her wonderful 75 cm. cannon  German spies conveyed the information that such a gun was on the way,  and desperate efforts were made to  obtain the plans regarding it.  Realizing the eagerness of Germany in this connection, those responsible for the turning out of the  Invention thought it well to put them  off the scent, and so the German  military attache in Paris had information secretly conveyed to him that  a foreman in the French arsenal  was heavily in debt, and might be  found "useful" for a consideration.  An agent was immediately sent to  the workman, offering a huge sum  for any details that might be furnished. The forema.n who was acting the traitor to order, played his  part in the most skilful 'manner, and  eventually handed over several  drawings and plans of detached  parts, all of which beonged to a  gun of earlier pattern, which had not  been a success. Further leakages of  information was given to several  foreign offices to inspect this gun of  earlier pattern.  As a result, Germany felt she had  nothing to learn from France in the  line of artillery, and when war  broke out, got the surprise of her  life when she found that her rival  possessed a weapon that has been  described as "an incomparable instrument, an element of victory."  Forest Destruction in Canada  Every   Foot   of   Land   Being   Utilized  Germany has  laid  down  utilization  of the.land, every foot of land, as one  of  her   first  principles.    France  has  . adopted a regulation to the effect that  every bit of space must be used for  production, failing this being done by  the owner the state is to take posses-  '\ eion.    Britain has  given orders  that  golf courses and all meadow land are  **\to be used for grazing purposes, and  that previous pastures are to be put  down   In  crops.    Private   parks   are  i&valso being wooded out and the land  v.GieA to practical agriculture.  Canadian    Horses    Very Satisfactory  That horses from this continent and  especially Canadian horses, are giving  the acme of satisfaction on the western front is asserted by Lieut. H.  Cowan of Westmount, and Lieut.  Ellsworth, of Marysville, Ont., both  members of the Canadian Army Veterinary Corps, who returned to Canada recently.  "It is really marvellous," said Lieut.  Cowan, "how little contagious disease  one finds among the horses on the  western front. The Canadian horses  seem to be very hardy. Why, they will  sleep out in the mud week after  week, and be perfectly healthy all the  time. I had charge of 1,500 horses for  ten months on the western front, and  in that time I had only three cases of  pneumonia.  "I've got you stopped," put in  Lieut. Ellsworth. "I had charge of  1,500 horses for ten months on the  western front, and had only one case  of pneumonia."  Client���������You have an item in your  bill, "Advice, March 8, $5.". That was  the  day before I  retained  you.  Lawyer���������I know it. But don't you  remember on the 8th I told you you'd  better let me take the case for you?  Client���������Yes.  Lawyer���������Well, that's the advice.  Nine Germans an Hour  The story of a British sniper who  hid himself in a well and picked off  scores of Germans Is related by a  correspondent horns from the front.  The sniper was a corporal, sent out  to annoy the enemy. He selected  a well, into which he crept, making  a little barrier of earth in front of  him. Here he installed himself for  16 days, doing deadly work. One  morning he brought down no fewer  than nine Germans in an hour.  By the fifteenth night he had  grown haggard and "nervy." He  dozed a little longer than usual and  awoke shivering at dawn. To his  dismay he found his whereabouts in  the well had been discovered. A  fair-haired German giant arose in  the grass 40 yards away. Recovering  himself, the corporal promptly shot  him dead. A few hours later he was  relieved.  The Canadian Soldier: "That's about the worst wreck of a forest I ever  saw."  The Canadian Woodsman: "It Is, eh? Then you ought to see what's left  after a forest fire. I'll take you to a hundred townships right here in  Canada that will make such a picture look tame. We think it is a  pity for European forests to be smashed and yet we smash our own  by nearly 10,000 timber fires per annum."  The Soldier:    "H'm!     That's a  new way of looking at It."  The battle of Verdun has brought  out the great possibilities of the  French  machine-gun companies.  During the operations from February 21-25 the French machine gunners made hecatombs of the enemy.  Since then their activity continues.  One machine gun fired, between  February 26 and March 4, 75,000 cartridges.  One Incident among thousands may  be mentioned in order to give an  Idea of the men's bravery. During  the fiercest period of the German  attack a Zouave machine gunner succeeded in saving his gun, which had  been buried in the debris caused by  the explosion of a shell, and he was  carrying it with the assistance of a  comrade, when he saw the enemy  advancing quite close to him.  The two men, without losing their  presence of mind, established themselves In a shell hole. One of the  two Zouaves hoisted the machine-  gun on his shoulder and kept it at  the proper height, so that the other  could aim properly. The two men  then fired all their ammunition, and  after having stopped the advancing  Germans with enormous losses, they  successfully fell back with their gun."  He hurried after the old gentleman,  while a couple of negro porters jumped down off the train in great excitement. After a protracted search one  of the porters handed up a wicker basket containing a large leg of mutton.  "Thank you," said the old gentleman.  "What do you mean, sir," roared the  conductor, "holding up the Oriental  Limited!    You said���������"  "I said a man's leg was under the  wheel, and so it was. I paid for this  leg and if it isn't mine I'd like to  know whose It is.   I���������"  "Toot!     Toot!     All abroad."    And  "Wise Men Not Only Pray For FUIit-"-  '    They  Pay  For It    -'   \ ^i}-;!-.  (By Norman S. "Rankin) ���������*:' ',.   - ;  On Thursday, March"30th, the first'  steps in the preparation of the pro-   .'  gram of the 10th annual convention,'   (  of the Western Canada Irrigation As-   .<  sociation  were  inaugurated  at- Ka"tn������ - -,  loops when the permanent secretary^,,  met members of the board of "trade,  city council, Farmers' Institute' Agricultural Association and Stock Breed-, '.  ers' association,  and  formed  a local   _,'  board of control.   J. L. Brown was un-.- \  animously elected as chairman of fhi* " .  board with Mr. C. E. Lawrence, as sec--'**-  retary, and the    program  -discussed'.'  freely and tentatively drawn up. Men*  prominent   in  irrigation  andT agricul-  3ure   in   the  western   provinces  were   ���������,  chosen to speak on subjects of greatest interest to the fruit growers and.  farmers, and with tlie encouragement  of the British ColumbiaV Alberta and  the Dominion governments and the active   executive  of the  association  it-^j   ,  self there is every reason to believe-  that a most successful convention will - '  be pulled off.   July 25th, 26th and.27th  were chosen as the most acceptable -  dates to ,both the prairie and the British Columbia farmers.  It Is now two years since the=last  irrigation convention was held in British Columbia when Penticton was the  place of meeting.   Last year Bassano,  on the-Alberta prairies, drew Jn~ two  hundred interested' farmers at which   , -  time the  bidding between. Kamloops -  and Nelson for this-year's convention - ,  was   very   keen.   .< The   eloquence   of -  J. L. Brown, Ald.r'Dobson and* C. H.    .-  Lawrence finally won out'* and, theseJ  men  are now jubilant*'Overt the'fact-   .  that the convention -*is*-'flnally,coming , ,.  to Kamloops again after.an .interval  of six years.   Of the members of the- '..-  executive  of the  association at that ~-%  time controlling the ^destinies of thei - -'  association  the  then ^-president, Wm.'.,  Pearce is now a-"resident'jOf .Ottawa;   .  First Vice-President .F. J. Pulton,-K.C.;'  still   resides  iri, Kamloops; ,   Second;"'  Vice-President "R. I'R.    Jamieso'n* lsf   *  dead; C. W. Peterson, and, W. H. Fall*-'  field, residing respectively "in-^ Calgary;^   v  and Lethbridge are yet''both; active in/  the association's affairs? ^Horace Greeley resides at Maple Creek;"_Dr. C.';W.  Dickson of Kelowna is * an" officer^!n *   ,  the Overseas Forces; C.'A.'iMagfath ia ���������  yet M.P. at Lethbridge; ->R. "H.*-Agur  has joined the great majority; {R.-M.   -  Palmer of CowichaaA Bay, Js*now r vice- *  president of the B:C.\Fruit Growers'"*-.  Association;  Treasurer C. W. .Rowley. '  manages  the Bankrof  Commerce1*" at 11  Winnipeg; and former Secretary-John.;'  T. Hall of Brandon passed away,after."  the  Calgary  convention, in  1911.;/,-It** * *;  would be interesting to follow"up"the!C-*���������**  changes  and  movements "of  the "16J?.f_'v  delegates who,registered "at -that ��������� con-..sCw.  ventlon, but space in,this article will- *"  not permit other than to mention that. - ,  at this writing I recollect that/fomer-'  President W. C. Ricardois overseas;' '5  Capt. J. C. Dufresne of Penticton^ia ,  fighting in France; and Arthur Chamberlain of Kamloops is also" with. the    -'  Overseas Forces.    .    -        - ,      \ ��������� -.  It is proposed at the Kamloops con-    '  ventlon to post a^printed list of these  163 members in order "that it may ba  seen how many of those who attend-*,  ed the convention in 1910 are present   .,.  at the 1916 meeting." .  The following is the local board of  control:  Chairman, J. L.  Brown,    president  Agricultural Association and member'  of our executive;   finance committee,  S. C. Burton, chairman; reception committee, Capt. Worsnop, chairman; accommodation committee,. Aid. Dobson,  chairman;    entertainment committee,.   _,  Mayor   Tirrell,   chairman; 'exhibition'  committee,    J. F. 'Smith, l chairman;-   '-'  publicity   committee,   Aid.'.- Johnson," ���������  chairman;   decoration ��������� committee, -B.v  Stuart Wood, chairman. /.-n*".",*- ,v*  The slogan of the Western * Canada *"-"  Irrigation Association is:  "Wise-men~ti  not only pray for rain���������they pay 'for"Jilt."    It used to read:  "Wise men-no r  longer pray for rain���������they pay for it'"   ',  but out-of deference to objections or������ ,\,  the  part  of religious   bodies-'it jw-a***""  changed to read as above.. "       ,*���������'���������'��������� \s  Plenty of Food For Babies " '*-_     '-  Samuel S. McClure,  of New-York,  has   arrived  at  The Hague . after  a..  three months' tour of Germany,.Bel-^  glum,   Poland,  Austria-Hungary,    and;.  Turkey. " - ,"*..  Mr.    McGlure  says  he  made  it "a -  point to investigate reports -in circulation that German babies are dying" *  from lack of milk.    He characterizes.  these   reports  as   ludicrously  untrue. -  German babies were never in-better _  health  and   infant mortality -' at, .the -  present time is lower than ever before in the history of the'empire.  The same thing is true with regard  to school children and the people  generally, because health conditions  are now more closely watched by  the government.  - The last quarter of 1915 shows a  record low figure for infant mortality in Berlin of J.1 per cent, compared with 19.6 per cent, for the third  quarter of 1914..  Britain's Relief Contribution  The British government's contribution for the relief of Belgium and  Northern France is about ������500,000  monthly, Sir Edward Grey, the foreign  secretary, said in the house of commons.  He explained that this money was  not paid directly, but was given by  the Belgian government from funds  lent it.  Sir Edward was asked whether the  American government had contributed anything to the fund.   He replied:  "The United States government, of  course, has not, so far as I know,  lent any money, to the Belgian government, as it is not one of the allies."  ' ��������� ������%.  'r        "'^���������Ji*  C w *-,-   ,,V*  *.i^5*&  r". ���������i^  1 "V'V'5  :vj-  nV'  the  train moved  I late.  off    eight minutes  Little Alice wrote the invitations for  her birthday party, and when the little guests arrived at the appointed  time, each came with a gift for the  hostess. Alice, upon seeing her mother's surprise, said:  "It's all right, mamma; they are for  me. I put in every letter a note.  saying, 'Please bring presents,'"  "Flubdub's home seems badly nag-  , lected."  "Well, his wife is interested In prison reform, better roads. Dure politic*  and clean days."  ^aM^^Si^^lff^^'M'a^l^^'KiiM^^  ". ���������"'���������'.���������,���������':���������,':;������������������';'"���������������������������:~;J::'-cM '''     ���������������������   V'^W?*;. ���������',~* ���������,'SJ*ffc~-*''' i"*,!  ^i^*^$4$M THE      GAZETTE.      MEDLEY.     B.      C.  Railways In  Railways Press on to the Peace River  Land  Air. A. McDonald, Winnipeg, who  ���������made Toronto his headquarters during the progress of the. western railway rales case, in which lie took an  active part, is again spending a few  days in the* city, suys the Toronto  Zjlobe. To a representative of the  Ulobe lie gave some most interesting information regarding the remarkable progress recently of the  groat undeveloped region " north oi  Edmonton. Air. McDonald has been  doing some special work for Mr. J. 1).  JUcArthur. tin: pii'J-ident of tlie I'Jcl-  iiionton, Dunvegau & British Coluin-  bio Railway, which was open for regular traffic from Edmonton to Fowl-  i*r, Alberta. 'J77 mile-., hy an order of  the board of railway commisbioners  ii  year  ngo.  Mr.   McDonald   stales   that   during  thu   past   year  tin*   line  lias   been   extended   from   Fowler   to   Spirit   River,  80   miles,  or o57  miles   from   Ednion-  ton,    and only a few miles remain to  bo  completed' to   Dimvegnn,   B.C.    A  branch    lias    been   built  from   Spirit  River  to  Grande   J'rairie,  lifty  miles,  or -107 miles from  Edmonton, and fin-  other-   branch   (known   as  tlie  Central  Canada  Railway)   built  from   McLennan   to    J-Vitcc    River    Crossing,    50  miles,, oc ;)13  miles  from   Edmonton.  Through rates   have been established  on grain,   flour   and    (arm   products,  irorn  all stations on tlie E., D.   & B.  C.  Railway    to  Winnipeg,    Fort  William and stations in Ontario and Quebec,  also on  fresh  iis.li  from  stations  along    Lesser  Slave    Luke     to     the  principal   cities    of   eastern   Canada,  Hutfalo,   Detroit,   etc.    in    order    to  encourage   the  farming   industry   Air.  MeArthur has put in the same freight  rates   mile    for mile    to    Edmonton,  which    is tho nearest consuming centre "to   the   I'on ce   Kiver   country,   as  apply from stations in Manitoba, Saskatchewan  and    Alberta,    lo  the con-,  suming   and     distributing   centres   ol  these provinces, on grain, vegetables,  live    stock,    dairy    produce,  dressed  meats,  etc.  Air. lMuArthur is alr-o president ol  tho Alberta tk Great Waterways Hail-  way Co., which has been constructed  for" 200 miles lrorn Edmonton, the  ultimate destination of which is Fort  McAlurniy, 350 miles north of Ed-  montoii. At present the most, important station on the Waterways line is  the historic town of Lac la Bicho, one  of the oldest settlements in Alberta.  A modern hotel has boon erected at,  Ji.ic  in   Biche.  .Notwithstanding the war there has  boon a very good movement of desirable settlers "from various places in  tlie Prairie Provinces, also lrorn  eastern Canada and tlie United  States.  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  t m  it  as a famiiy    medicine?  may  advise  what  to  use  in its pkice.���������II. Arnott, M.B , ,M.C P.S.  the use of  Sometime  1  erman  *ruta  ty  The Family Bottle  Alcohol   is  Rapidly  Losing  Favor as a  Household   Remedy  As prohibition approaches, a good  many who still believe in the virtues  of alcohol as a family medicine may be  disturbed as to how they can have the  bottle replenished. To all such I address this letter, asking them lo examine the matter fairly and candidly.  Alcohol as medicine is rapidly being  given up in sll the large hospitals.  This is shown by the collated reports  of seven of the largest hospitals in  England. Iu 1SG2 $3,743.00 was spent  lor alcohol and only $14,675.00 for  milk, in 1P02 only $13,186.00 was  spent for alcohol and $43,818.00 for  milk, with about the same number of  patients. Sir Victor Horsely tells us  that some of tlie present day rapid-'recoveries are due to the fact that after  operations, the patients are no longer dosed with alcohol. Many, of the  most successful physicians of the day  never prescribe it even in the smallest quantities. That being so, would  it not be wise to leave it out,of the  family medicine chest."  . It is now beyond dispute that alcohol even in moderate quantities, lessens efficiency, lessens power of endurance, weakens the memory and eyesight. It does not require, any"great  intelligence to understand that Avhat  does all this must lessen the power  of a patient to light disease. If a single glass of beer lessens, a man's endurance by seven per cent, and his  power to remember things by fifteen-  per cent., it follows that it also weakens his power of recovery from disease. Dr. Welsh, of John Hopkins  University, said, "Alcohol in any form  or in any quantity lessens a patient's  chance of recovery." If that.be true  of an adult, how much truer it is of  tlie delicate tissues of a child. Some  years ago the German government issued a poster, warning parents to give  their children "not one drop of beer,  not one drop of wine, not one drop of  whiskey or any other form of alcohol."   "  Not only does aicohol lessen a patient's chance of recovery from illness,  but it greatly increases' his tendency  to contract disease. No one will accuse military men of being temperance  cranks, and yet the Handbook of the  Royal Army Aledical Corps takes  great pains to put that fact beyond  question. On page 20 of that book experiments are described that would  convince any man that even one glass  will render a man more liable to any  contagious or infectious disease  Not long ago the Academy of .Medicine of Toronto, unanimously declar-  .'fd.against the use of alcohol in any  form as a medicine. Finally let us remember that in (lie U.S. whiskey and  brandy have been left off the American Pharmacopeia, which is the official list of medicines recommended  for the use of physicians. If that be  soj are you not quite safe in dropping  Enemy Submarine Methods;  Sea  Tale   is  Like  That  of  Old   Pirate  Days  A stirring story of tlie experiences  of tho crew' of a British steamer whih  was sunlc by a submarine is told by  Captain Arnold C- B. (Jroom, iato of  the  steamship  Coquet.  -  "About 10.45 a.m., January -1, lfMG,"  said Captain Groom, "1 was writing  in Ihe saloon when J heard a gun  fired. On reaching the bridge the  third mate told mo it was tired across  our bow. Then another was iired  across the bow, one over the bridge  and one under the stern from a submarine on the port quarter. At the  same time one or two people told me  there was another submarine on the  port bow. 1 stopped the engines and  indicated that 1 had done so hy Hag  signals. The firing stopped and tlie i \*  submarine was soon close to us with  signals flying 'abandon ship.' Immediately I took the chronometer, sextant  and chart in the starboard boat, and  we left the ship. The boat left a little  before us.  'We had no sooner got clear of  the ship than the submarine started  firing at her. Eight shots were fired.  One of them broke the signal halyard".!  on the bridge. They stopped firing  then, and;-: coming close to the boats,  ordered us alongside. This was a  dangerous proceeding, as the submarine's deck was just awash, and there  was a big swell. I was ordered aboard  the submarine, and then some Aus-  trians, armed with revolvers and cutlasses, were sent in our boats, and  the two boats returned to the Coquet.  "All hands were given 20 minutes  to get what they wanted from tho  ship. At the same time the Auslrian.s  looted   whatever  they     could   in    the  They lowered   one of the | 0u!, Crete  time given  small boats to take them and their  loot back to the submarine. When  they had all they wanted, they ordered the two lifeboats to return to  the submarine, then set two timo  fuse bombs under water abreast of  numbers one and two holds and left  tho ship themselves. Shortly afterward there were two explosions and  the ship settled down by the head.  Four or five minutes after the explosions the Coquet lifted her stern high  in the air. Something hit the wliistle  lanyard and with a pitiful scream,  the Coquet disappeared.  "The boats were alongside by this  time, an I the Austrians* searched  them for anything valuable, taking  sextants and charts, and also every  scrap or paper they could find. They  would not let me keep even the account of tlie wages of the crew or  any of my bills, although 1 asked  them specially for these latter, and  pointed out to them what they were,  and that they were of no earthly use  to them. They ordered me back into  ray boat and then left us."  Captain Groom then described the  attempt of the two boats to get into  the track of steamers between Port  Said,  Alexandria and   Malta.  "With a" heavy sea runninj  said, "we were very soon all  through, and remained so for  uext six days. By the night of  7th everybody was chilled .to  bone. Early on the morning of  Sth the weather moderated somewhat, and I decided to set sail and  make for.the African coast."  On tlie lOtli Captain Groom landed  at~ a small bay with houses in the  background.' These afterward were  found to be uninhabited cave dwellings. The boat's crew slept that night  on the sands, and on the morning of  the llth met ah Arab, who returned  with them to the camp where there  was a Greek fireman who spoke  Arabic.  This  Hun   Boasted  or   Having  Bayon-  etted   Women   and   Young  Girls  The following is a translation of ;)  letter quoted by Prof. J. 11. Morgan  in his book, "Gorman Atrocities: An  Oli'icial Investigation." Jt w;is written by a Gorman soldier lo a Ccrnum  f'ii'i in Hamburg, informing hei oi hi.-,  having bayonetled several French women and girls:  '"Ureal, the JCtlr March. 1015.  "Honored Aliss or Airs. Crete Mayor,���������JI live received the parcel and best,  thanks for it. J was very glad 1o have  received a present of comforts from  Hamburg, for in the enemy's country  presentt> are hard to find. Dear Crete  Mayei, 1 will send you a small present,  when 1 find one again, a ring from  one of these shells which threatens  i us  with  destruction.   (I-)    Dear  Crete  I Mayer, 1 will arrange the ring so fine-  II !y that you will be able lo wear it,-on  your  arm   at  once,   and ,you   have   a  i nice souvenir- froni a German warrior  j who has been through everything  j from the stint, and lias shot, and bay-  1 onctted' so many Frenchmen, and 1  | have also bayonet ted many Frenchwomen. Dear Crete Mayer, I bayon-  c'tted seven women and four girls in  five minutes, in an engagement near  Hatovrle. We had a house-lo-housc  fight, and these women fired at us  with revolvers, and they shot at the  captain, too. 1 bayoncttcd them nnd  did not shoot them, this herd of sows;  they are worse than tho men. Wc  have dead and wounded every day.  Dear Crete Alaycr, ] am a bomb-  thrower, and have often crept up to  within 10 metres of the enemy and  have thrown him one info his  trench; then they have iired flares to  see me and iired at me. but have  never hit me. and that is always tho  good thing. Dear Crete Mayer, if I  live and'gel, through it, 1 will seek  Alayer; if this Crete Mayer is still single and not, .engaged. I  take tlie liberty (? to ask) that she  send mo her "photograph so that 1  too may know from whom J have received   my   present.  "1   close   my   scrawl     with     many  greetings   and   kisses     if   you   were  there,   from   far  away.  "Wcngcr."  '*Please  answer   soon.    My   address  is    .lohaiin   Wcnger,  Jnf.  Boyd   Kegi-  ment,   1   Jiav.   Army  Corps,   1   Div.   1  Brigade, 3 Haw. JOJvp."  The writer, as will be seen, is obviously an illiterate person, lie regularly' write.-* "h" for "eh" (e.g.,  ������������������\Slchf" for "'Schlcdit") and "d" for  ,"t." Mis grammar and punctuation  are both erratic. Mis allegation that  the women���������-nothing, )t, will be observed, is said us to the guilt of the  girls���������were .-iiinecl with revolvers )s  common form in German admissions  of outrage; it has repeatedly been  proved to be untrue. In its naive  combination ol seiilinic-niiilrty and  brutality the document, is typical.  The letter was found on a prisoner  of tho SGt I j .Regiment.  Australian Cattle Barons  Many "cattle barons" liave been  created in Australia hy the profitableness of tho live stock industry. The  greatest of ihese ranch kings is Sidney  Kidman, who (.'.redly owns or controls -1.3,000 square miles, or 2S.800,-  000 acres of hind. His vast estates  lire scattered all over the country, and  his time is practically all taken up  going about from one property to the  other and giving his personal alien-  lion to his enormous cattle interests.  He owns and controls more land and  live stock than any other one man.  One of his ranches, situated in the  Slates of Victoria, embraces in one  tract 7,(j80,000 acres. It is stocked  with more than 100,000 cattle.���������W. D.  Ilarnaday, in Breeders' Gazette.  Ancient Relics  Tommies   in   Macedonia  Find   Pre-his  toric   Bones  is   an  extract  by   an  from  officer     at-  Snlonik.-i   l^x-  .THE  NEWEST  ISCOVHY IN CHEMISTRY  .' lie  wet  the  the  the  the  ay  asses  False Statements  Hinder Immigration  Opposition in the United States to Prevent   Immigration   Into   Canada  An alleged plot to keep American  immigrants out of Canada on the  ground that undue pressure was  brought to bear upon them by the  military authorities to force them to  enlist for overseas service was called  to the attention of the commons by Mr.  H. H. Stevens, member for Vancouver.  Mr. Stevens quoted. American newspapers as circulating a report, said to  have been sent out hy the American  consul at Vancouver, declaring that  many Americans had gone back to the  United States because of the effort  made in Canada to force them to enlist. So far" as British Columbia was  concerned, declared Air. Stevens, this  report was deliberately and maliciously false.  Hon. Dr. Roche, minister of������ the interior, said that the Canadian immigration agents in the United States  had called his attention to similar  reports credited to the American  consul at Vancouver, and the latter  had been taken to task about it. The  matter was being reported to Washington. Dr. Roche added that very-  strong opposition war, being encountered iu the United States to all efforts to promote American immigration into Canada, and that false statements sucli as the ones referred to by  Air. Stevens were being largely exploit-  e !.  The statement is made that thousands weai- eyeglasses who do not  really need them. 1������ you are one of  these unfortunates, . then these glasses  may be ruining your eyes instead of  helping' them. Thousands who wear these  "windows" may prove for themselves that  they can dispense with glasses if they  will get the following prescription filled  at once: Go to any active drug store  and get a bottle of Bon-Opto tablets. Dissolve one Bon-Opto tablet in 'A glass of  water. With this harmless liquid .solution bathe the eyes two to four times  daily, and you are likely to be astonished  at the results right from the start. Many  who have been told that they have astigmatism, eye-strain, cataract, sore eyelids,  weak- eyes, conjunctivitis- and other eye  disorders report wonderful benefits from  the use of this'prescription. Get this prescription filled and use it: you may so  strengthen your eyes that glasses will not  be necessary. Thousands who are blind,  or nearly so, or.who wear glasses might  never have required them if they ha<?  cared for their eyes in lime. Save your  eyes before it is too lute! Do not become  one of these victims of neglect. Eyeglasses are only like crutches and every  few years they must be changed to fit the  ever-increasing weakened condition, so  better see if you can, like many others,  get clear, healthy, strong magnetic eyes  through the prescription here given. The  Valmas Drug Co., of Toronto, will fill the  above prescription by mail, if your driig-  gist cannot.  r**A prominent City Physician to whom tlie above articlo  Wft������ gubniUtcd. said: "Bon-Opto is a very remai-babla  remedy. Its constituent inaredients nre well known (o  eminent eye specialists and widely prescribed by them.  It can he obtained from any good druggist and is one of  tha very few, preparations, I /eel should be kept on  hand for regular use In almost every family."  This is a recent discovery of Doctor  Tierce, who' is head of the Invalids'  I lotel and Surgical Institute at Buffalo,  N. Y. Experiments at Doctor Pierce's  Hospital for several years proved that  there is no other eliminator of uric acid  that can he compared to it. For those  easily .recognized symptoms of inflammation���������as backache, scalding urine  and frequent urination, as well as sediment in the urine, or if uric acid in the  blood has caused rheumatism, it is  simply wonderful how surely "Anuric"  acts. The best of results are always  obtained in cases of acute rheumatism  in the joints, in gravel and gout, and  invariably the pains and stiffness which  so frequently and persistently^accom-  pany the disease rapidly disappear.  Go to your nearest drug store and  simply ask for a 50-cent package of  "Anuric," manufactured by Dr. Pierce,  or seud 10 cents to Dr. Pierce for a  large trial package. If you suspect  kidney or bladder trouble, send him a  sample of your water and describe  symptoms. Doctor Pierce's chemist  will examine it, then Dr. Pierce will  report to you, without fee or charge.  Note:���������French scientists affirm that  '���������'Anuric" is thirty-seven times more  active than lithia in eliminating uric  acid, and is a harmless but reliable  chemical compound that may be safely  given to children, but should be used  only by grown-ups who actually wish to  restore their kidneys to perfect health,  by conscientiously "using one box���������or  more in extreme cases ��������� as "Anuric"  (thanks to Doctor Pierce'3 achievement)  is by far the most perfect kidney and  bladder corrector obtainable.  "The   following  a   Jotter   written  Inched   to   "the   l-infish  peditionary Forces:"  " 'You know, of course, that when  troops are in a position they dig  tilings we'll cull drains, in .case the  Cernians get hold ol the fetter, unci  don'.l know our real   name for (hem.  " 'One of our companies was busy  digging drums, and caino across a  big rock. Thu man who found it hit  it with his pick in disgust, and to  iris surprise the pick went through.  'J'liat was Jiow wu found our first  prehistoric grave. In it were some  hones and some very ancient, pottery.  Four or live others have been found  since, and each one contains something���������beads, gold  ornaments,  etc.  Today an "archaeologist" arrived,  and I went out with him. Ho wanted  to fix a. date tor the grave. We  lound four iron spearheads in one,  and'he says the date is about 1*200  B.C. . . . Tho bones are in an extraordinary slate of repair; in fact, I  am sure, the man suffered Srotn rheumatoid arthritis! His teeth are marvellous. Not one is missing, or shows  any sign of decay!. In tlie same  grave were smaller bones, which  must have been those, of a cliild. They  are all in stone colfins. ,"  "' 'All   linds  of   value  the museum  at Athens,  a   Jot     has   been   found  parts.  is nothing known\ about  at the period represented,  defending the country for  are going to find out its  the Greeks.' "  are going to  Apparently,  in -different  Pocket   Bible  Sniped j$  A remarkable coincidence is re- ������  fated in connection with the escape f  from death of Private S. Cross, of the '  Dorset Regiment, an Australian with  "Weymouth connections. While on duty  at Jefferson's Posi, in the Gallipoli  Peninsula, he was struck in the chest  by a bullet from a Turkish sniper.  Cross had in his breast n Testament  containing a booklet of texts given him  by Mrs. Dnrry, wife of Colonel Drury,  of Weymouth, and various trifles. Tho  bullet pierced hair-way through the  Testament and perforated the book of  texts as far as anil no further than  the following:  "A thousand shall fall at thj  side and ten thousand at thy right  hand, but it shall not come nigh  thee."     The   bullet   made   after   the 8  word  "side"  a  slight,  still plainly visible.  dent,   which   is  The sergeant-major  liad  tion of  never being" at  a  answer.    A young .officer  with a  brother officer  thin   less   than J wenty-fotsr  Tli ere  Macedonia  so, besides  them,    wc  history for  Dr. Pierce's Pellets are the original  little Liver Pills. One little Pellet for  a laxative���������three for a cathartic.  CraaHlaied Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by expo*  aure to Son, Dusf and Wind  quickly'relieved by Murine  Eye Remedy. No Smarting,  . J1"4  Eyc Comfort.    At  Your Drugrgr.t's 50c per Bottle. Marine Eye  Salve]nTube������25c. Forlookoll&eEyeFrecasfc  Druijgwts ox Murine Kyc acroedy Co., Chlcatjc  W. M. U.   1108  When w.'ij- broke out, there were  140,000 officers and men in service  in the Ileitis]! Navy. In iiclditioin  to tiicse wen; 07,000 reserves. At the  end oi January, (lien; were in active  service 320.000 officers nnd men. Parliament had authorized U)e Navy to  work tip to a maximum of 350,000 officers, men and boys by March 3.1st,  1016. Back of these, engaged on ship  construction, repairs, etc., are about  700,000. men. making a total force  working for the Navy, nshoro and  afloat, of over 1,000,000 men.  Backyard Gardening  Scores of reports of the operations  carried on in the season of 1915 by  small householders speak of produce  being grown worth from twenty-live  to fifty dollars, every dollar of which  means so much added to the wealth of  the country as well as saved in the  cost of living. Financial profit is not  the only gain forthcoming. Lessons  of industry and thrift are inculcated,  and* the wl^ole household from the oldest to the youngest, come under the  influence of those cjualities. They also  have the gratification of eating fresh  vegetable, the enjoyment of which is  tremendously enhanced. ��������� Hamilton  Times.  Germany's Strong Man  Falkenhayn   the   Most   Powerful   Man  '-������������������'. in the Country'  A new and more masterful spirit  pervaded.,,C!erman strategy from the  moment of Falkenhayn's assumption of  the controi', of, military policy. There  was -rio-longer any sense of conflict between political and military aims, still  less of any evidence of the collision of  wills. The disastrous experience ot  the first four month's of the war had  aged the kaiser and modified his imperious self-will. He was in the frame  of mind to forget that he was the supreme war lord and to distrust his own  judgment, and Falkenhayn had the  force and the adroitness to avail himself of this fact. He established over  his master an intellectual .authority  which left him the practical dictator of  military policy. This ascendancy has  been cohfirmel by the success which  attended his Car-reaching and powerful  strategy throughout-1015, and . in presenting him wtili the Order of the  Black Eagle the Kaiser used terms of  flattery which almost touched the level  of obsequious reverence. General Falkenhayn has fortified his position by an  artful policy of excluding possible rivals from access to his master*. In an  unusually informing analysis of the  forces around the Kaiser at the" present time, published in Le Temps, Mr.  Hendrik Hudson, who, as a neutral,  has spent a long time in Germany, declares that Falkenhayn is the most  powerful man in the country���������A. G.  Gardiner, iu the May Atlantic.  A Chinaman was brought before'^a  magistrate in Salt Lake City 'and received a fine for a slight misdemeanor.  But the judge could not make him understand.  ' "Look here, man," be said,' disgustedly, "you pay one dollar* or go to  jail, see?" * There was no gleam of intelligence from the Oriental and the  judge repeated his explanation, but  without results. ���������  Finally the officer who had arrested  the man camcup. "Say, you dish-face,"  ho called, "can you hear anything?  You've got to pay a five dollar fine."  "You're lying,"������j-elled the Chinaman.  "It's only  one dollar."���������New  Thought.  i  ihe I'eputa  loss Tor  anj  inside ii   bet'  it,  lie  would  louis   f'Sk'  the Sergeant-major    a   queslioii    that  would  bul'flc ;liim.    The Sergeant-major  accompanied  the young officer  on  his   rounds,   in   the   course   of   which  the cook   house was inspected.  Pointing to  ii   large  copper  of  water,  justj1.  commencing to  boil,  the officer said  "Why   does   th.Tt   water  round   the   edge.-:   of   the  not in  the. cenlre!-"  ."The   water   round   the   edge,   sir  replied   the  veteran   "is  for   tlie  men  on   guard"  they   have  iheir   breakfast  half an  hour before the remainder of  the company.'"  iff!  only-  copper  eck  boil  trul  Wc should rrnparv lo others our courage, and not our despair: our health  and eiiae, and  not our disease.  .  To Lydia E. Pinkham Medi  cine Co*  to   an  leave.  bit   of  hcad-  A wounded Scot belonging  English regiment was home on  a slip ir) his papers gave a  trouble among the clerks at  quarters. After being passed from one  to another, he finally found himself  once more facing the officer at'-whom  he began.  "Good heavens!" said the officer;  "you Scotchmen are tlie bally limit.  You go on pestering people until you  get what you want. One of you is  more bother than a whole regiment."  "Yes, sir-;" said the unspeakable  Scot,"that's what the Germans said  at Loos,  sir." ���������  Twerrty-t hre'o     creameries'  kalchewan  last veur    made  000,000   worth     of   butter,  cream, milk and buttermilk  the same fetched .?379,000 more.  in     Sas-  ovc-r  Sl,-  The     ice  old from  Some eighty-five pure-bred animals  were offered for siile at I ho Winter  Fair at Jiegin'a in March. The average  for bulls of the beef breed was $185.  one animal fetching $32o.  Glycerine Six .Times as Expensive  The world's output of crude glycerine is estirnal....;! at from 90,000 to  100,000 tons.     .���������.''���������  Production .? entirely inadequate  to meet the demands and refiners  now have on hand only enough for  three-month's. About 00 per cent, of  the glycerine u.-*cd on this side the Atlantic, ordinarily comes from Europe  ih a crude form���������a by-product of  soup and candle-making. Now this  avenue  of  supply   has   been   shut off.  Many industries are thus' seriously affected by the high cost and limited supply " of the material. Tlie  bulk of the distilled glycerine is used  for the production of nilro-glycerino  and dynamite, and a part in the  manufacture oi formic acid, allyl,  alcohol and artificial .mustard .oil.  Irr i90S glycerine sold for 10 cents  a pound; now it is 60 cents, and the  price is steadily   advancing.  ... Bishop Welldori, in his recently published "Recollections and Reflections,"  tells the following:  A governess once tried to give her  pupils some idea of the relative size of  distant countries by saying: 'Cambodia  is about as large as Siam;'. but when  this information was reproduced in a  written exercise, one of the girls put  it in the words, 'She says Cambodia is  about as large as she is.' "  ���������   Shortening the  Road  "Well, but 'ow far is it to the5 bloom-  in' camp?    Is it three miles?"  "No���������not -so far as that it ain't���������  not if you walks fast."���������London  Opinion.  Women who are well often ask "Are  the letters.which the Lydia E. Pinkham  Medicine Co. are continually publishing,  genuine?" "Are they truthful?"  " Why do women write such letters? "  In answer we sa}1* that never have wo '  published- a fictitious letter or name.  Never, knowingly, have we published  an untruthful letter, or one without tho  full and written consent of the woman  who wrote it  The reason that thousands of women  from all parts of the country write siich  grateful, letters to the Lydia E. Pink-  ham Medicine Co. is that Lydia E..Pink- |j|  ham's Vegetable Compound has brought sa  health and happiness into their lives,  once burdened with pain and suffering.,  It has relieved women from some of  the worst forms of female ills, from displacements, ���������: inflammation, ulceration;  irregularities, nervousness, weakness,  stomach troubles and from the blues.  It is impossible for any woman who  is well and who  has never suffered  to realize how theso  poor, suffering women feel when restored to h ealth;  their keen desire to  help other women  who are suffering as ^^^^^^y,^,  they did. <-vc.'a^ttwuT?c-m^*x    ; j|  More Blouses, Lingerie and  Skirts���������more' Table .Linen ���������  more Sheets and Pillow Cases  ��������� more Curtains���������-are  starched with-"Silver Gloss",  than any other starch in  Canada.    Your grocer has it..  One of our Belgian visitors has got  into   a   certain   lady's   black   books.  Hearing a little girl called "Kitten,"  he consulted his dictionary as to the  meaning of the word.  "Subsequently he was introduced to  the young lady's mother, and with a  profound bow, remarked:  "I think I have the pleasure of addressing the old cat!"  You may be fond of good chocolate ���������*  Cowan's Maple Buds will please you in a  way that no other has ��������� or could do.���������  Buy this dainty chocolate to-day.  ���������A.-8  Mcintosh���������What're ye hesitatin'  aboot, Tammas?    Play  off, mon!  ftlcNab���������Mon, yon't a bran'-new twa  shillin' "ba"���������and I may never see it  again.���������Judge.  A Michigan physician is the inventor of a cushion to be fastened to the  back of a straight chair to permit a  person to sit upright and be comfortable.  is-apod-tecT  /  ��������� '���������..'V*'H*t  #<\\Tr   ~  .*l|BW8BBI?)W8g|)TOa)*at^  '. ���������' ������������������ . s% ** "     - ���������"���������  THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY"..     B.      C.  ��������� "��������� v   ,, v- -*��������� *>-< rj\c~'*;l^j  OULD CUT OFF GERMAN TlADfc^l  HE0RGANIZAT1  THE HEART OF BRITAIN'S GREAT WAR MACHINE  Thoroughness and Efficiency are the Outstanding Features of the  System Whereby the-British Army at the Front is Kept  Supplied With Requirements for Active Service  ,    Endless 100ms, a multitude of busy  eleiks    both  men  and  women;  filing  cabmets  fitted  with countless  cards,  [each    neatly    indexed,    messengers  |hu))ving to and fro, then  hands lull  Iof pink, blue,  white or green  slips���������  such )s tho rmpicsoion the wrilci got  ������f   the   Butish   general 'headquaitcrs  i 1'ranee.  lJnough the windows warehouse  Liter walehouse, factory upon iac-  Tory, railioad yards, loundhouses,  continual shunting of long trams of  [rcurht cars, a lVvci-ending proces-  [uon of great motor Ion res. All  Llcnding into a huge mduslnal city���������  Imc of Bntain's army supply bases,  |,omcwlicre rn Erancc.  Hero is the heart of the wonderful  par . machine winch England has  I)Uilt up in little moie than a year���������  built with the ntmost caic and thoroughness in spite ol incalculable dif-  JjculUes.  -Nobody could look on ut the woik-  Ji.l,* ot this oiganmition and accuse  |Englancl of being "slow."    The mai-  .el of it all is how it possibly could  lave been clone in so short' a time,  'he Geimans liave been out-German-  i;d   when it  comes    to  thoroughness  land efficiency.  i'he tfulish have all the power of  loiganization which the enemy has  jplus the facilities foi obtaining sup-  Jphes of ceitam matenals not available to Gemiany.  There is no shoitage of rubber or  [wheat iiour, or sugar at the Butish  Ibases. There is no shortage of any-  ithiug. And more -than that, there  Imc millions of dollais' woith of relet ve supplies which never are touch-  It* i and are only held against emerg-  lency.  We stepped into the biggest gar-  Inge m the world. "Model garage"  Jwonld aid in the^descnption. Lines  lot spacious, weir built sheds were  lulled with cveiy known make of  [powerful trucks. Engines were loar-  |ing; pctiol was splasmng'into tanks,  Ipnmy helpers were scuuymg about  [laden with soldeiing irons, wrenches  [oi jacks.  Jn the accessory storehouses- tiers  [of neatly labelled bins ran from floor  to ceiling, filled with everything from  <otter pins to crankshafts. And so  : pciJcct is the system that these goods  nic handled and issued by absolutely  untiaincd men', many of whom never  looked inside a hood before.  Acioss from the automobile station  is tho shoo tactoiy. It seemed as  ol all the shoemaker's and appienticcs  m tlie United Kingdom must have  been theie, hammeiing a**7ny for dcat  life. At one end of the long structure n stream of foines was dumping thousands of pans of boots which  appeared to have passed the woith-  h ss stage long ago.  Twisted and bent, covered with  mud' anel showing gaping holes, these  .j-(Jid3 of the tienches were caught up  nrlxl thrown into great vats of sfeani-  n*;',' solution. And on the other hand  ihey weie being scooped out into  huge trays and passed on to the  ai my of men in the shops. It would  require too much space to tell of the  \anous piocesses through which the  foilom looking mass was passed.  But at the far end of the establishment the lesulls could be seen���������  hundreds of thousands of pairs of  tstuidy boots going away in sacks  to divisional hcadquaiters for redis-  tubution. And, best of all, "Tommy"  piefers the lemadcs to new boots;  toys they arc far moie comfortable.  "Wouldn't the Huns like to get into  this place." .iskcd the ollicer who  was escoiting us. It vas the biead  bakciy, wheie several hundred thousand loaves cf excellent white bread  are turned out eiery da}r. It was  betlei bread than is seived at the  a*,ciage lestaurant table in London  or l'aus.  Crisp and warm, the loaves came  fioui the ovens and were stacked up  in the stoieiooms to remain 24 hours  before shipment to the liont.  A busk business-like captain took  ns tlnough the buildings where the  "iron rations" arc stored. These are  packed in small wooden boxes, each  containing a day's rations for twenty  men. A tin of corned beef, bouillon  cubes, biscuits, ten, coffee, sugar,  salt, pepper and mustard comprise  one man's "iron rations" for a day.  The items are wrapped in separate  packages.  The supply trains come in and go  out like clockwork. The loading platforms are on one side of the building, and tiro receiving platforms on  the other side. When goods are being shipped to the rail-head near the  lines the doors on the receiving side  it re locked, thereby avoiding the possibility of confusion.  One of the most interesting departments of this military establishment  is where the gas helmets arc renovated. .Every day many thousands  of these grotesque accessories are  sent back from the front to be repaired and redipp'ed.  First, they arc washed in a hot,  antiseptic solution. They come from  tin's treatment perfectly clean and  lioo. from germs. Then they are  passed on to the'long rows of girls,  who carefully mend ail parts and  reinforce tiro stitching around the  valves.  Then comes the process whereby  the helmets are rendered effective  against the German gases. It consist of dipping tho masks in a chemical solution which when dry, completely neutralizes the deadly fumes.  The wearer breathes through a little  rubber tube fitted with a valve which  works automatically.  There are the carpenter shops, the  gun shop, where the drtmaged rifles  are repaired; tho forge shop, the rubber shoe and grim boot departments,  and a dozen other branches where  ���������apparent waste is turned into new  li\e material and where the chinks  ure\plugged  to  prevent leaks in'the  mam into which millions of pounds  of JJutish gold arc pouicd eveiy day.  Tlie establishment pays foi itseit  many times ovei each day, it is said.  jTuither, it is furnishing an claboiatc  business education foi thousands ot  men who will be so much bettci  equipped when they letum to civilian life again.  "Jt, was a long haid grind," a high  official told me. "At lirst the feeding, clothing and arming of such a  mass of men seemed almost impossible ,  '"things must go with absolute  regularity. It's no good .getting a  ircmload of salt to tlie men if they  have nothing on which to eat it. But  now we have things as they should  t \  "i\'ot one of our men ever goes  hungry. At messtnne Ins food is theie.  Always clothing is icady for him  when he needs it. When his cait-  ridge pouch is empty, he lias but'to  reach out his hand to find the means  to icpionish it. Wc have had to on-  duie the criticism of those who didn't  know, but it never bothered us much,  because we know .it would woik out  in time.    And it has."  It is peilectly plain that he was  right. It has. The men aie there.  The money is available Tlie supplies  aie pouimg m Most of the "Tommies" live better than they did before they enlisted. There is no chance  that their lations will be cut or that  the ammunition supply will fail.  Tlie wheels aie oiled and the  British steam-ioiler is uiidei way  Canada's Firm Foundation  More   Farm   Workers   Would   Add  Our  National Wealth  to  In the condition of agriculture eveiy  Canadian is vitally interested. . . 7  It the Dominion is to pass safely  through the period of reconstruction  that will inevitably follow the war, the  farm must be the foundation of economic development The obstacles in  the way of successful fanning must be  removed and the financial and social  advantages of rural life- added to by  all piacticable means.  There is no other adequate outlet for  the return to civil life of the 350,000  or 400,000 men who will be released  from military service some time during  1917 and 1918. Figures compiled by  the militia department show that of  263,111 men enlisted up to February  29 no less than 170.3G9 were manual  workers and 17,044 farmers and ranch-  el s. The great bulk of the manual  workers were engaged befoie the war  in railway construction, in the building trades, in factories, and in national  and civic public improvements. Few  of them will be able to return to their  former occupations. Railway construction on a large scale will not be resumed for several years. The Dominion lias too great rather than too  small railway mileage for its population. City building has been overdone alike in the east and the west,  and there will be a \marked cessation  of this form of activity. Under normal conditions the tactories might be  able to absorb a considerable proportion of the men mustered out, but it  must not be forgotten that the munition plants and tho factories making  military equipment will close down at  the end of the war, and the 275,000  workpeople now engaged in producing  war material will have to compete with  the returned soldiers for places in Canadian factories. Under these conditions there can be little hope that  openings will be found in industrial  life for very many of the returning  soldiers.  The farm remains as the one great  Canadian industry that is underman-  ne I and that produces things the world  must have. Tho shortage of food and  draught animals in Europe will be very  great for years after hostilities end.  Men whose business it is to take the  long view and estimate probabilities  over a series of yeais state unhesitatingly that Canadian stock-raisers need  not fear a glut in the market for a considerable period. The productibn of  grain in the Canadian west is another branch of agricultural industry  that is ou a very firm basis, for the  world, will need more and more hard  northern wheat to bring up the quality  of tho flour milled in large part' from  softer grain grown in warmer climates.  There is ample opportunity on the  existing farms of the Dominion to provide profitable work for all who have  been withdrawn from manual occupations throughout Canada during the  past twenty months. One of tlie greatest handicaps in the way of a return  to the land in the case of married  men is the absence of cottages for  farm laborers. No investment that  could be made by the well-to-do farmers of Ontario Would pay a greater return year in and year out than the  spending of money to anchor married  form workers to the soil. It is'frequently asserted that the average hundred-  acre farm will, not keep two families.  That may be true where grain is raised  to be sold and where few animals are  kept. The average hundred-acre farm !  devoted to up-to-date animal husbandry will not only keep two families but  return a good profit to the farmer in  his capacity as landowner and capitalist. Why,- should not Ontario contribute to the economic reconstruction  that must follow the war. by tackling  the problem of the hired man? .A  quarter of a million additional workers,  married and single, on the farm of the  Dominion would add enormously to  stability and to the national wealth.���������  Toronto Globe.  Agricultural War Book  Production  and  Thrift Dealt With  in  New Publication  The Agncultuial Wai Book for 191C,  entitled "Pioduction and Tin if t," and  having for its particular text in wai  time, pioduee moie and sa\e moie,  make your laboi eifiuent, save matenals fiom wast , spend voui money  wisely, consists of 230 valuable and  instructive pages Opining with a  bnef addioso to the Uimeis of Canada by Hon. Maitm BurioJl, federal  minister of agncultuie, undei whose  dnection the book h.is been issued,  followed In extracts fiom the budget  speech of fen Thomas White, finance  mrnr.ster of the Dominion, and an  oiticle oeanng upon the national income and expendihnc of the United  Kingdom, fhcio on-siic contiibtitions  Horn ovei ssc\(*ntv expert aulhoulies  on different blanches of agriculture,  including the compiler and eclitoi oi  the woik. tho fedeial commissioner  of agriculture and the commissioner  of Jive stock and dairy products of  the Dominion, Ihe director of expeii-  mcnlal farms, chiefs and sub-chiefs of  depaitments oi agriculture of all the  pioviuces and a number of professoi3  at the cliilerenf agricultural colleges.  A vast deal of general information,  statistical and olhoiwise, covering  vanous countries as veil as Canada,  is given along with a large fund ol  sound advice'and counsel bearing in  paiticalar upon the subjects embraced in tlie title. Although pinnaiily  devoted to agncultuie, theie is much  matter that the gcneial citizen will  find of interest. Among other things  ho will be lather suipiised to leairi  that wheat m 1801 was *3.47 a bushel  m Biilam, while last year it was only  ?1.G1, tlie latter, howevei, being nearly twice as much as the lowest point  leached, which .was m JS94, when the  puce was down1'to 86 cents For the  hist hftcen yon is of tins century the  aveiage price of wheat per bushel in  Butain was 98 cents, whereas m the  first fifteen yeais of the nineteenth  centuiy tlie ineiage w-as something  like $2 66.  \\ hile crop pioduction occupies a  largo space, live stock comes in for  a large share ot attention, horses,  cattle, sheep, swine and poulliy all being learnedly dealt with along with  dany pioducts and special crops, such  as sugar, ilax, fruit, vegetables and  tobacco. In shoit no bianch of agncultuie is overlooked. The nututive  and commercial lalues of different  foods are set ioith in company with a  deal of excellent achice on the piac-  tice and iesuita of thrift. Marketing  is dealt with, and sections of the book^  are devoted, among other subjects to  economy m tlie home, patnotic purchasing, women and.the war, the call  to the colors, paliioflc lehef work and  education and the war.  The Influence of a Picture  War Posters  Wheic  Attractive  Posters  Can  be  Obtained for the Asking  The Canadian Gazette, published  in London, Eng , contains the following, which should bo useful to battalions in this province in the thioes  of lecruiting campaigns:  "Wc lcceivcd a short time ago a  lettei fiom a town m Western Canada asking if we could procure some  attiactive icciuiting posters. On inquiry at Whitehall the paihameniaiv  eommittce offeied us n choice ot all  their posteis and lecruiting caids  Many of these aie of high artistic excellence, both in design and coioi,  and it was easy to choose a \arod  selection especially suitable in then-  appeal to Gieater Bnton***. These were  despatched on tile same day as the selection was made, and we have this  week received a waim lett">i of thiiiiio  for this excellent consignment of posteis which will be immensely helpful.  "As the paihaniontaiy recruiting  committee aie most willing to present  a supply ot their most atti active patnotic posfeis, many other Canadian  towns may be glad t"o a\ail themselves  of this oiler. As tome of the posteis issued by the committee aie nit  uially more local in their appeal than  others wc would suggest th it when  writing if those posteis 'elected by the  editor of Canada weie asked for, it  would cnsuie most suitable posteis  being sent. 'Ihe adchess of the Pai-  Ininientaiy Bociuitmg Committee, is  'Whitehall, London.' "  Binder Twine  -Manitoba faimeis have a direct interest in the trouble in Mexico, since  90 per cent, of tlie world's binder  twine comes from that country. In  recent years a trust, composed of  United States capitalists and Mexican planters, has been formed: with a  view of exacting more money from  tho consumers, and it is expected that  in 1916, $500,000 will be added to the  price, with the probability that further increases will be made in future  years. The area from which the raw  material of binder twine is obtained  is a small part of the small province  Yucatan, where sisal iiemp is indigenous, and where it crows in profusion.on large estates. How the  northern farmer is going to get binder twine out of Yucatan at a fair  price under present conditions is a  hard problem, and if war should occur, the difficulty would not be. much  simplified, as long as the struggle was  on.--Free Press.  A strange woman entering the  church had gone to the wrong pew.  Nervously the youong usher approached her.  "Murdon me, pad am, but you are  occupying the wrong pie. Allow me  to sew you to  another sheet."  During   a   Thunderstorm  Do not Use the telephone. 'Die. tele-  phono wires may'receive a heavy  charge.  Keep away from stoves, radiators,  and the like. They sire large metallic  masses, JikeJy to become heavily  charged.  Avoid screen doors or other metallic  bodies, connecting with the exterior of  the building.  Keep away from chimneys and  open screened windows.  Out of doors the most dangerous  places, are under isolated trees and  near wire fences in open  fields.  Small sheds and other shelters are  dangerous if isolated from larger  buildings.  Thick Umber is undoubtedly the  safest place to seek out, of 'doors,  since a single live in a forest is not  so likely to receive a stroke, as a  single pei's-bn or an object in an open  space of equal ares*,.  By Edith C. Salisbury in the Country  Gentleman  Theie is a long stieteh of piaine  cotintiy between baskatoon and Edmonton, in Western Canada, wneie  theie aie some vei\- isolated honicc  Once, while on a \isit to a women's  institute in that"section, 1 had an op-  poituinty to visit in one of those  homes, l had he.ud much of the woman who piesrded ovei it; she was  known throughout the dislnct foi hei  interest in  community  altaiis  It was a small house, not at all attract] \c in appeal a nee, and it must  have been uncomloilably cold m winter Jt was unpJasteied, with many  cracks in the walls nnd flooi Uijouj-h  which tlie wind enU'ied as it would  The looms woe small, Ihe fuiniluie  scant and poor; but it w<is home to  this woman .im] to hoi husband and  her child, a httle gnl of foui yean.  There was a bit of lace cm lain o\or  the window, and a crocheted inly on  a table in Ihe "front room" nuclei  the family Bible. Theie was a pathos irr these simple decoiations that  made the eyes smait, for tliey spoke  plainly of hope and discouragement,  of an innate lo-\e of those tuflcs  which change an oidmuiy loom into  a home.  But there was one adornment in  tfiat room, sufficient in itself to make  one roiget the missing things; it  might not have been so conspicuous  in other smroimdmgs, but in that particular place it stood out above e**.eiy-  thmg else rt was just a good, but inexpensive, copy of one of the famous  pamtmgs, a picture of a bit of lonely  countiy.  It was impossible not to wonder  how the picture came theie. Who selected it? What pioinpted its selection? These weie the questions the  woman who piesided o\er that home  saw m the eyes of her visitor. Wc  were sitting together iieai a glowing  fire, a good light on the picture, the  woman sewing a child's gingham ap-  10)1  "Of come you have noticed qui one  good picture and peihap have wondered how we came by it," she said by  way of introduction. "We have had  that picture nearly two years It has  made a great change in otn home.  .None of us would pait with it. We  consider it out choicest possession  "Two jeais ago the bottom seemed  to have chopped out of the wot Id foi  me. I was sick and tired so tned 1  wished to die, and so discouiaged 1  liad almost made up my mind (o get  away fiom it all, no matter what the  cost. Life isn't easy m a place like  this. "Ihe woik is too haul and the  leturns too small.  "That summer my niece came to  visit us She came from the city, but  from the inst she seemed happy out  here She found more beauty m this  place in one week than T had found  in it all the time I had lived hcic  She was always calling me to the window to see something beautiful, but I  confess at lust I couldn't see anything  but the common, humdrum things I  had been looking at for yeais���������the  things I had grown tned of She insisted that I go foi a walk with hei  cveiy day, no matter what excuse of  weauness or woik I ga\c. 'It will do  you good. Voui woik will go easier  and fastei aftei you have hael a wluft  of this piaiiie an' was all the ���������sympathy I got.  "She stayed 1hrcr> months and all  that time, e-\ery day of it. she talked  about beauty until we all weie infected by it" She tilled the house  with iloweis, and laughed and s-ang  fiom morning till night After she  went home she sent us that pictuic  Wo aie still veiy poor, life is still  hard sometimes, but somehow now  wc find a great deal of happiness in  oui home and we ha\e learned to ap-  pieciate the beauty of the woild outside."  That is fhe.story of the influence of  a good picture in one home. Anothci  I heard at a tarmeis' institute in  Cedar County, Iowa, where a woman  was telling her audience something  about the value of pictuies in the  home. She said: "I have a friend,  the mother of four sons. 'Ihis mother  was bitten ly disappointed because  everv bov as he giew to manhood decided to 'be a sailor. 'I can't imagine  why,' complained the mother 'A'one  of our relatives is a sailoi, the boys  have never seen the sea, know nothing about a sailoi's lite���������in fact.������l  don't think they ha\e seen anything  larger than a row boat oi a canoe 1  don't understand how- they got the  wislt fir  a sailor's life.'  " 'Don't you? With that picture before their "eyes" ever' since they were  babies ' I answered, pointing to a  picture hanging on the sitting room  wall: a picture of a big ship with  sails filled, gayly riding over a dancing sea. "���������!������. you didn't want your  boys to be sailors you-should not'have  put that scene before them all their  lives.' ".  1'ictures which show suffering,  cruelty or grief ace not good object  lessons for children and so are out of  place in the home, while pictures of  line animals, beautiful hits of Janet-  scape and domestic scenes serve as silent lessons.  Appreciation of good pictures is not  an intuitive sense. We need education  in art, as well as in music and literature, and the best place to b?gin that  education is in the school and the  home, where good pictures should.be  an  essential  part  of  the furnishings.  R THE WAR  PREMIER  HUGHES  ADVOCATES   A  BOLTED  DOOR"  Points Out the Stupendous Follies of Former Decaded in Permitting the Germans to Control the Trade in Many Nee-   '  cessities Which   Should   be  Within  the  Empire  to  "-Si  * ������  A little colored girl, a newcomer in  Sunday school, gave her name to the  teacher as "Fertilizer" Johnson.  Later the teacher asked the child's  mother- if that was right.  "Yes, ma'am, dat's her name," said  the fond parent. "You see she was  named fer me and her father. Her  father's name am Ferdinand and my  name is Liza. So we named her Fertilizer."���������Boston  Transcript.  Three hundred and -sixty thousand  three hundred and twenty-five cattle  and 1,'J1!),7G2 sheep were shipped out  of New Mexico in 1915. Most of thi.s  stock was grazed on public lands,  especially tlie national forests.  Direct public wireless service  connecting Japan with other countries has been inaugurated between  Ochi-ishi, on the east coast of the  Kokkaiclo, and Petropaviovsk, in  Kamchatka, Siberia  Add)e*sm������* the City Cailton Club,  at a luiifhioii ocw-uil weeks ago, Brenner Hughes of Austialia returned to  the question oi the nocrcsrtv for an  rmnedjate decimation of Jintish policy in legaid to tiade aftei the wai.  The eyes of Bntfsheis aie open,  said Mi. 1-luL'hos A people slow to  angei, unsuspicious of guile m other-,  foolishly ceneious in thioving open  then hind fo the woild, olrenng sanc-  tuary to all, even to those who proposed first fo exploit and then to heir ay them���������it was a consideiab'e ti ���������***  bclore w'e as a nation woke to the  ponl in which we stood. But though  the awakening came laie, it has come  in earnest. Hntain is thoioughly  aioused, it is sfnied to its very  depths. Jake u stiong man called  upon to fight foi his life, who casts  his outei garments ..aside and ships  to the huh, so stilted conventions,  paily shibboleths, chenshed clochmes  have been put away, and quietly but  detei mined ly the nation is thi ������w nig  its whole energy into the fight, 'lo  me what is at once the most appealing  and hopeful sign is the unanimity  with which Ihe people lecognize the  futility of then roimcr views of national and economic life They aie  icady to soap eveivthing in which  they foime^y believed in cndei to en-  suie a decisive \ictoiy ovei oui enemy. 1 emphasue the woid "decisive"  foi nothing shoit ot p. deushe Mctory  will aval J.  Germany's mihtaiy power must be  utteiiy ciushed, foi m no other way  can "the peace of the woild be as-  suied. Peace under any olhei conditions would be only a pcuod of  fevensh prepaialion foi another and  even inoie icaiful struggle. When the  civilized woild hds lilted hei self fiom  tlie shambles, it must be able to lest  itself on the sweet, gieen pastuies of  peace, unliaunted by flic dieadful  spectre of war The Butish people are  piepaicd lo do anything necessary to  achie\e victoiy 'ihey recognize that  much has to be done, not only on tlie  field of battle, but in the fields of  commcice and industry. They lecog-  ni7e amongst the chrct causes of this  wai the desuo oE Geimany to wiest  from Butain J'ci mdiistual and com-  meicial supremacy. We must kill the  hope that still buojs Geimany up  that after this wai she will be able to  win back that pos)t)on m oui commcice and industiy hy which she was  not only able to exact great tubute  fiom us in the way of piohts, to oust  oui inanufactmeis altogether fiom  many tiades, and to make many absolutely dependent upon her foi Ihe  raw mat'-iials of their industiies, but  to imperil oui  national safety.  But if I have mtcipicled the tem-  pei of the people of the empire  aught, they have determined that the  end of this war will see not only tJie  downfall of Prussian mihtaiy power,  but of that insidious and intolciable  influence '\hieh had in veiy many  cases icached a point when Germain-  actually dominated the trade, not  only of this empire, but of that of  oui' allies; and 1 rejoice with all mv  heait and soul to see how tins tooling moves the people of l-5ntain today Jiut thib task which the  people of the empire ha\c set themselves���������the extnpation, loot, branch  and seed, of German contiol and influence in Biritsh commeice and industry���������is no light one Its roots aie  embedded deeply in the very vitals of  the economic oiganlsm The influences that aie woikmg in its interests  aie the moie to be ieaied because t'ney  too fiequcntly woik beneath the stu-  face And the Geiman cancel has  eaten into our national body in such  a fashion that we cannot cut it without seeming in some cases to cut info  the healthy flesh  Theie aie some people in this country today���������calling themselves Brrtrsh  citizens���������who would lather we lost the  war than that the German trade with  England and Geiman influence in  English trade should be lost. They do  not say so, of course>. but beneath, tlie  surface   they   are with   Germany.  I feel sure ��������� you know of the difficulties ahead of you, but that you are  preparclcl to let nothing stand in your  way in your -desire to free British  trade, so that at the end of this war  it will be in a position to meet the  conditions that will then exist. And  here w*e may consider for a moment  what they will be. I said the other  day "the'trade policy of Britain after  the war ought to be declared without  delay. I gave some reasons for this  opinion. Bet me now deal more  closely with this matter?  What is the present effect of war  on the economic life of our country?  I may be pardoned for setting it out  as I see it. Some niillins of men  have been withdrawn altogether from  production. To these, must be added  very largo .numbers; who'are engaged  in producing munitions, clothing, ale...  for those irr our army and navy. All  these millions are engaged, along with  the millions of the allies and of the  enemy, in destroying wealth and life.  Production is reduced lo a bare minimum and is daily a diminishing quantity. Every day the work of destruction goes oh. Ships, bridges, railways  are vitally essential factors in the  modern industrial world. At the end  of this war the world will be very  poor. Jt will have wasted its substance. It will have lo set to work  with all its might to produce more  wealth. And millions of its most effective producers will be. dead. It  will have to build more ships, bridges,  factories, manufacture machinery and  produce wealth generally.  All this requires much preparation.  It involves many very complex and  difficult questions. Of course it Brit-  tain is simply going to get what it  wants from Germany, as it did before the war, the. matter is very simple. But if not. then the producers of  Britain and    the empire ought to be  (old what the trade policy of Butain *���������������������������  altei    the wai is gong to be, so that ���������*  they can make then arrangements ac-  coidingly  If we are to attack this question effectively, theie must be mganizatiou.     ','  We must attack it systematically and  scientifically.    Wc must see what Britain and    tlie    various    paits_   of the  empire,   too,   can   produce   not   only  with   commercial,   but   with   national  piofit. ' W<: must exploit every opportunity, desclop every resource within  the ernpno.    We must above all see      '  that  oui   industiies  are  not dependent   upon   the   raw   materials   wJiicli  our potential or actual enemies contiol.     We  ought  not  to' commit  the  criminal error of building up oui  industries upon a foundation "controlled  by the enemy.   Or'very existence dc- r '  pends not only upon  our naval,' but'   '  our    mercantile     supremacy.     Shipbuilding, naval and mercantile niai- ",  me> is  the  very   breath, of our nos- -   ,-  UiJs.    Guns,  engines,.1 machinery and <_  our vitals.    ,        ' '_ ���������*'  ~   '  \\ hat stupendous" folly \t was -that 'tf  placed in the hands' of Germany the" '    '  monopoly of tungsten powder essential:*" T  for haidenmg our steel, -and the1 con- ���������  tiol of the metals /which enter into    ->  the w arp    and woof of 'oui* .industrial  life, and which aie the_drawbridge to  national'satety.   We were1 the pioneers  of the textile industry. It is one of our  great industiies.    Many    millions  of  capital, many j hundred thousands of   ��������� ^  men are employed'in it;fbut'can any ",  woids   sufiiciently castigate a nation   - <  wJio permitted the dyes, without which , -*  the industry is clipped of its wings,  lo be in the hands of our enemy? The  empne is cppabJe of providing, all the-     '  sugai    consumed invBritain.-.Yet'We   ,  placed out selves   in bondage to Ger- '  many and   Austiia, eating^an inferior-  article    because it was cneap,"while<  /  fcrtile-sugar-producing"lands through-    >  out  the   empire   were/allowed  to die ���������>  idle     This wai has ruiig\the\death,v.v''  knell  of  a policy  of -.cheaphess'-that' >_,  took no thought for ths social and iri-^x"  cluslual welfare of the "workmen,, that    ,  mistook meie wealth"for greatness," no ~.<v-;  mattei whether the, wealth w'as in our* V<">  hands oi those of ,Germ an Jews.    -.,-.   **-  Well, after tins war, where are'-'we-'j-)^',',  eromg tovget    our v sugar���������from   ..the'v"  empne    or fiom  Germany arid Aus-   ^  liiaJ    What new  industries    are  we^;;  going to establish; what old ones -are/'  wo going to develop?    Where afe' swe'-{v"<  going  to  get    the  raw materials for*1 *~  oui    industries3    What    preparations  aie   we   going to make to cope with  the great demand "for  ships,  bridges,* s  machinery, etc , after the war?  These are questions    that ought to  be answered now.    To wait until the  end of the war is to play directly into_  the hands of our enemy, to help him'"  to keep up his national apnits, to still  the loud murmuring   of   the German  people   and   the_ ever-increasing -mis-  ciMiigs of the capitalists of Germany  by the p    mise of brisk employment    *  and good hade after the war. To de-    *  lay the public declaration of what our  tiade policy is to  be is to make-��������� the  woik of att'-nrnting to' eradicate Ger-   -  man influence in oui* midst infinitely ���������  more difficult, and to 'make any radi-  -  cal change after the war impossible.   r  To pietcnd otherwise is to throw "dust  in the eyes of the people, to play the   -.  gc>me of Germany, to prolong the war,   -  indelibly  to   stamp  Bntam  as,a, na- "-  tion  of  men   no   longer  fit  to "carry  the gicat  buiden of empire.  This  rsv "**  out hour, our oppoituniiy, wliich^ be"-"  ing let slip, will pass forever.     ���������    s*-,  ���������_         *      I --I*".,  The Real Tommy Atkins    J ���������  Hopeful      and      Cheerful    Under-the  Most   Trying   Conditions    i^   r -���������*  The     picture     of     Tommy   Atkins-"J  winch  fingers  most  willingly "in my  ,\  mind   is   that   which   1   earned   with   "   '  nic fiom the trendies on��������� the,dreary jr-  .November   evening vslioitly   before   1  bade  him  good-bye.     It    had     been"  mining,   sleeping   and   snowing  for   a  week.    Tlie  trenches  weie knee-deep  in water,    in some places waist-deep  ���������for the  ground   was   as level   as   a  iloor and. theie was  no  possibility of  drainage.    Wc were wet through, "and  our   legs   weie   numb   with  the   cold.  Near  our  gun   position   theie   was   a  Jiole in  the  trench   where  water  had  gathered   four   feet   deep.    A   budge  of   boards   had   been   built   over   one  side on   this,   but  in   the darkness  a  passerby slipped and fell into the icy  wirier  up ��������� to   his   aimpils.  "Now, then, niat^y'" said an exasperating voice, "b.itliin* in our private   pool   without  a   license?"  And atiothoi . ," 'Kre, son! Thin  ain't a swirnuriVi' baw*th! That's our  tca-waler  yer  a-sta'nding  in!!"  Tho Tommy in the ' water- must  have been nearly frozen, but for a  moment he made lio.effort to get  out. ��������� .  "One o' you fetch hic a bit o' soap,  will your" he said coaxingly. "You  ain't a-goin' to talk, about .tea-water  to a bloke wot ain't 'ad a bawth in  seven   weeks?".        /���������.:'_.���������' -  It is men of this.���������stamp who have  the  fortunes    of    J-higland    in   their  keeping.    Given the  leadership    they  deserve, I will add, in their safokoop  ing.���������May  Atlantic.  " ���������.���������.'-.-���������  A httle .hand in the rear-of the  room was raised, and the Sunday  School superintendent requested the  child to tell how he thought Noah  would pass the time in the 'ark. The  bov stood first, on one foot and then  on'the other, and at last, said: "FiBh-  in'!" Just then another small boy  snapped his  lingers. ���������   v  "Noah   wouldn't 'iish   very"   lonu,"  said the boy.  "Why" not!"   asked     the     puzzled  questioner.  "He    couldn't,   because there  were  only two   worms  ou  the'ark."  ''A  - ���������*������*>���������������:l!ft������������3's  ixiti.tasvfasJ'A^BBBSSwi. ���������"���������T^ifl  5��������� *,. >������x ������*"VJ->#>ji���������  ^:*:-':'v"%Y*������J  ss*S,^&<*'l*^y^-'l.'->''i^^  Xa>,; 7*7* -X ���������.���������*&?������.'���������  '*-"$&  :-5ti J V-'-'-y  >���������*#;  S#rl  ^&Cfl4^5fe  s*������������������3  te  THE     GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.    - C.  1 ���������-wSfwa  Mr  j",-  ���������^aj*.-  l.i5,'?,''i"*flt'ii������*-<^  a**** *,*$.-%  .-*���������*_  ���������J   ,      ��������� "-^V -'-^#  / .  i       "7 ��������� -7  '   ������3  r ���������:/��������� * ��������� -.    '��������� '^  If* '���������: ^   ���������*  rer. ..**���������������:-,/, <:��������� =*:  t  ���������fis  ���������> <���������>  (Fo/fJutr/n  H^lrW Plg/n axd JYr/petf  fc^  Pve-Piece Frocfi* \  George//-? Q*e/>& ������  .���������*���������?&  *-���������<  ���������-  ������as*������.  rtecv/fSw?.  Gegretf/bA  jTcr/o/z  ������S<$  /IfrF&sifJ/tp-ort J/y/e  ^JbrSn'eszuous <3&/77ej*  Wk.  %M  W  %������5^  ���������?,'*'���������'���������*>  %'  -^  '*3^s  sv^l  !������*--:*,f-:  ������SfeS'J  f-SSSil  feylVv**?:  S%  '^^���������vA'*'^  "^^if^'i*^  ^S  ���������iSSStt-fAb':  ^  I'-?*  mm.  f5������^iigl^#i  .->.'-^'r *  ,'*������/^-bi'!,***X*  sM  -?-r  Si  r?M'i  A    i,< I- sv  *' ?  '���������s4-?,  SOME years ago, and not so very many at that, the correctly gowned woman would have  held up her hands in horror at the idea of playing tennis, golf or anything more  strenuous than croquet hr silk.   "Horrors!" she would have said, "think of the extravagance to waste a good silk frock on sports I"   She has changed her opinion now, if the  new sports styles which she is evidently accepting with alacrity are any sign.  For real sportswomen there is nothing more practical than silk.    Sports silks have  been brought to such a state of perfection that they are very durable.   Moreover, they are  -invariably washable, and they are delightfully cool as well.   For sports styles, which stand  more for informal wear among smartly dressed women than for real sport, silk is eminently adapted.  Tussore has come in with a flourish this year. The model showing a combination of  plain and green-and-white-striped tussore is practical for strenuous action on the part of  the wearer or for comfortable mornings on beach or hotel porch. The horizontal stripes  and the odd swinging pockets are features to be remembered.  Very patriotic is the red, white and blue frock of wash silk and white crepe de chine.  The arrangement of the coloring is so artistically done that it cannot offend the eye, but,  indeed, seems to satisfy more than could the plain blue and white. A more daring red  tie might be worn by the dark-haired maiden. This is an unusually comfortable style for  the tennis girl, as it allows perfect freedom of movement and is becoming to the uncorseted  or only slightly corseted figure. The blouse is a slip-over-the-head style with no awkward  openings to come undone.  Jersey silks are indeed lovely. They are not expensive, either; and made into .the  very informal frock pictured, are not beyond the pocketbooks of the average woman.  Georgette crepe sleeves make this model a cool one, and raise it slightly above the strictly  sports frock.    A deep sailor collar in back" and a sailor knot in front suggest boating.  The sportswoman is nothing if not adaptable in her actions. Why not, then, an  adaptable frock? Behold the golf suit���������or it could be used for any other sport���������of pongee  in natural color, with a detachable panel and jumper of checked pongee barred in red.  When milady starts from the clubhouse she looks as chic as chic can be. On the links  she discards the over-panel and beneath she wears a divided skirt. She buttons up her  long sleeves on her shoulder, and she is ready to play ball. Can you ask anything more  really in the spirit of sport?  ��������� t rui i*'j,*������'-^,1w-i,i''Lfiiii ���������}'���������/ v I *t *       ���������-       . , ���������' *     "*-������������������- ��������� '��������� -    - ��������� ���������   iilli   i   || ���������-''*-���������.'.������������������-���������.   .       ".    . .��������������� i .< -  .- -E-v. v   ' ... .j  , -     ���������        *"Mf"!!!'iT!?f^!yiffC  totixMitxiBvmtiQw&temKnnssasn nvorasw  ^BOi^r-A-*^^  ffl$**~2p \; -\.\��-*v
* r
THE      GAZETTE,.    MEDLEY;     B.     0.
mm m i ��e sssie ?
If so, remember these facts���Zan>
Buk i3 by far the most widely usefl
balm ia Canada! Why has it become
tso popular? Because It.heals sores,
' ctires- skin- diseases, and doc3 what la
claimed for it- Why not let it heal
vour sore?
.. Remember   that   Zam-Buk   is   alto-
sether different to the ordinary ointment a.   Most'of these consist of animal
| fats.    Zam-Buk contains no trace 0/
(any animal fat, or"any mineral matter.
Jit is absolutely herbal.'
Remember that Zam-Buk ia at the
learno time healing, rsoothlng, and
lantlseptir,. Kills poison Instantly, and
jail harmful germs. It is suitable alike
Ifor recent injuries and diseases, and
por chronic sores, ulcers, etc. Teat
low different and superior Zam-Buk
ireally is,, All druggists and stores at
l��Oc. box. Use also Zam-Buk Soap.
Itclieves sunburn and prevents freckles*
|3eat for baby's bath.   25c. tablet.
Barricades on
in
LITTLE
"1
,'THINGS COUNT
Even in a match ' you should
consider tho "Little Things,"
the wood���the ^composition���
the   strikeability���the   flame.
are made of strong dry pine
stems,.with a secrci perfected
.composition that guarantees
"Every Match A Light" 65
years of knowing how��� that's
the reason!
All Eddy products  are dependable products���Always.
The Half Million Men
Reversion   to   Shields   and   Armor   in
Modern Warfare
The present war has upset so many
generally accepted principles as to
what has hitherto been considered
modern waifar'e that the reversion to
sheilds and armor does not come as
a surprise. In their early stages of
the war, there was a preference for
small shields, because of their poit-
ablcncss, protection of the individual
soldier in the trenches, economy and
adaptability, to the requirements of
the sapper, and the barbed wire destroyer.
The Jtussian has a prcdiliction
foi the shield, and during the battles
that determined the fate of Poland
they employed shields so large that
they had to be mounted on wheels.
But experience has proved that this
shield is of little value when shell
hrc has found its target.
When, after a storm of high explosives, the enemy resorted, to infantry attack, the Kussians were compelled in many instances to abandon positions held by shield-protected ,troops,. with the result that many
of these revived methods of defence
fell into the hands of the enemy.
An authority on the, subject makes
this observation: "We may draw the
conclusion that , individual steel
shields can be used to good advantage; but larger shields, because of
their bulk, are not a success. Protection against light arms and 'artillery fire during an attack in the open
remains a matter of concealment,
with each mam taking advantage of
such cover" as "he can find."f
So that there is still much left^to
the individual initiative of the soldier.
. As long ago as in the wars of the
Greeks, shields or shelters of metal
were employed in siege operations,
and were only abandoned when -gunpowder gave us cannons and other
artillery.
JThe West is Doing  Its Share  in   Proportionate Enlistment
Figures published by the Winnipeg
Telegram show the astonishing fact
that apart from,the province of Quebec, the Dominion is well on the way
to realization of the authorized army
of half a million men-
Taking the Dominion by provinces,
it. is found that Alberta has raised
more than her population would warrant in proportionate distribution of
the lialf million army. British Columbia and the Yukon have to raise only
2,000 more men to be up to strength.
Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Northern Ontario, the territory still administered as Militia District No. 10, requires only seven thousand additional
men to be up to strength.
Further east the prospects are not
quite 'so bright, but Ontario should
not find great difficulty in raising a!
large part of .the 41,000 men still
required for her proportion, nor the
Mariitme provinces the 36,000 men
required there.
Quebec is, of course, the drawback. In proportion to population
Quebec should raise an army of 133,-
000 men, and so far has recruited only
32,000. 'Some'means'.must'bo found of
awakening t-iuebec to the natron's
needs. The other provinces altogether require to raise only 86,000 additional men (', have the whole proportion required of them. Quebec is 100,-
000 short of her proportion.
Enlistments now total about 315,-
000 men, a figure truly astonsih-
Uig.
Bringing "Down Aeroplanes
Guns     Are   Now   Beating   the   Enemy
"Aircraft
The steadily increasing number of
aeroplanes that are brought down by
anti-air craft guns, along with the
long lists "of aviators in 'the casualty
lists, point to the fact that the gun is
gaining the superiority over the flier.
, Not only has tho weapon been improved; together with the projectile,
but the sighting arrangements have
also undergone , pronounced modification and ���" simplification to' facilitate the expeditious picking up of the
range and laying of the weapon upon
the rapidly moving enemy.
As rapidity of fire is also highly
important, special' attention has been
devoted to tho mechanism of the
weapon, its sysem of recoil, and
loading arrangements. The broad
principles of the l-'iench rapid-
fire system, as shown' by the famous
"75," have been widely adopted and
adapted to this particular duty, with
the result that the anti-aircraft gun
of tho moment is about 600 per cent,
more formidable than the type in service eighteen months ago.
The disposition of the weapons,
combined with the system of firing,
has also undergone a revolution. Instead of a haphazard arrangement
they are now planted upon a mathematical and scientific basis, and the
firing is quite as methodical.
It is now possible to ensure that a
hostile aeroplane is under fire the
whole time it is passing over a certain zone. The latter may represent
a belt thirty or more miles in width.
As soon as the aeroplane passes beyond the range of one group of guns
it enters that of another group, irrespective of the direction of flight.
Moreover, this system possesses the
advantage of ilexilrbity, since additional units can be brought into use
with the minimum of delay and difficulty.
One result of this present superiority of the gun over the aeroplane
is that the airmen have been forced
to fly at greater altitudes than was
rornierly the case. Machines have
been brought to the ground after
having been struck at a height of 8,-
000 feet. At the moment even 10,000
feet is not regarded as being a safe
level!
��ney in FJax
On New Breaking
Prepares the Soil for Wheat, and  Provides  Found^ Crop
J. H. Grisdale, B. Agr. Director Dominion Experimental Farm, Ottawa,
says:     ,
' For the new settler or the man
with new breaking done before May
25 or L'C, fla:: otters an opportunity tor.
money making this year on this land
such as is not possible with any other,
crop. Breaking about three inches
deep, so as to "fill all openings or
space between the furrows, and to
conserve any available moisture, as
well as make a solid seed bed, will be
such a preparation as gives a fair
chance ot a fair crop of Uax, if good
seed is carefully sown belore the first
of 'June. Sow seed at the rate of 30
to 401b  per acre.
"Where wheat seeding has progressed rather slowly it will often be advisable to sow the last* few acres intended for wheat to flax instead. The
cash returns from the two crops are
likely to be practically equal ��� this
year.
"The flax crop will rot the sod on
new breaking, and leave the soil in at
least as good condition for wheaf'as
if it had been summerfallowed. Besides, it will provide a substantial 'revenue, 'for flaxseed has averaged
around $2 a bushel for several months
past,""
How Sickly Women
V
ay bet Heap
. If they could only be made to see
that half their ills are caused by impure blood, it wouldn't take long-to
cure them with Dr. Hamilton's Pills'
Truly a wonderful medicine that invigorates, strengthens, renews. Every
tired, worn out woman that tries Dr.
Hamilton's Pills will improve rapidly,
will have better color, incroased appetite and better digestion.
No better rebuilding tonic can' be
found than Dr. Hamilton's Pills which
are safe, mild and health giving. For
forty years Dr. 1-lan.dton's Pills have
been America's most valued family
medicine, 25c per box at all dealers.
Jack���What sent poor Algy to the
insane asylum?
Tom���A train' of thought, passed
through his brain and wrecked it.
Minard's Liniment" Co., Limited.
Dear   Sir,���Your   MINARD'S   L.INI-
ment .is our remedy for sore throat,
colds and all ordinary ailments.'
*   It never fails  to  relieve and  cure
promptly.
CI-IA.S. WHOOTEN.
Port Mulgrave. ���     . 0
A Placo For Everything
A man was pasting up "recruiting
posters " The first was a young ia-
dieb' college, where the man posted
over the door the following; "3,000,-
000 more men wanted���Apply within."
The second wa3 posted on an uri-
doitaker's "window, where a model
coll in was on show. Tlie poster was;
"J'all in and do you bit."
The third poster was posted over
the gate of a cemetery, and was as
loliows. 'Arise, ye Brrtons Your
King and Country need you."
An Effort to Find Ideal Food
Mmard'3
Friend.
Liniment     Lumberman's
Jensen���I thought they were going
to put a sewer in this street?
Benson���They are. They'll begin
excavating just as soon as the asphalt
is laid.
How's This?
We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that
cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh
Cure
1 Hali's Catarrh Cure has been taken by catarrh sufferers for the past
thirty-five years, and has become
known as the most reliable remedy for
Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure "acts
through the Blood on the Mucous surfaces, expelling the Poison from the
Blood and healing the diseased portions , \
After you have taken Hall's Catarrh
Cuie for a short time you will see a
great improvement in your general
health. Start taking Hall's Catarrh
Cure at once and get rid of catarrh.
Send for testimonials, free
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, Ohio.
Sold by all Druggists, 75c.
He serves a bad muster who serves
the multitude.���Ux.
GLASS'OF'WATER
Upset   Her
An Oil That Is Prized Everywhere.-���
Dr. .Thomas'- Eclectrlc Oil was put upon the market without any flourish
over thirty years ago. It was put up
to meet the wants of a small section,
but'as soon as its merits became
known it had a whole continent for a
field, and it is now known and prized
throughout this hemisphere. There is
nothing equal to  it.
"Children," said the Sunday Schoo1
iBuperinteiident, "this picture illustrates today's lesson: Lot was warned
to' take his wife  and  daughters  and
fflee out of Sodom. Here are Lot and
his daughters;-with his wife jus*" behind them; and there Sodom in the
\ background. Now, has any girl or boy
y a question before we take up the
���TNJitudy of the lesson? Well, Susie?"
���'   \"Pleathe,   thir,"   lisped    the   latest
���graduate from the infant class, "where
Harper's Monthly.
U.   1106
People who don't know about food
should never be allowed to feed persons  with weak stomachs.
Sometime ago a young woman had
an attack of scarlet fever, and when
convalescing was permitted to cat
anything she wanted. Indiscriminate
feeding soon put her back in bed with
severe stomach and kidney trouble.
'���There. I stayed,"she says, "three
months, with my stomach in such condition that I could take only a few tea-
spoonfuls of milk or beef juice at a
time. Finally Grape-Nuts was brought
to my attention and I asked my doctor
if I might eat it. He said 'yes' and I
commenced at once.
"Tho food did me good from the
start and I was soon out o*. bed and
recovered from the stomach trouble. I
have gained ten pounds and am able
to do all household duties* some days
sitting down only long enough to eat
my meals. I can eat anything that
one ought to eat, but I still continue
to eat Grape-Nuts at breakfast and*-'
supper and like it ' "tier every day.
"Considering that I could stand only
a short time, and that a glass of water
seemed 'so heavy,' I am fully satisfied
that Grape-Nuts -lias been everything
to me and that my return to health
is due lo it
"I have told several friends having
nervous or stomach trouble what
Grape-Nuts did for me and in every
case they speak highly of. tho food."
"There's a Reason." Name given
by Canadian Postum Co., Windsor,
Ont.
Ever read the above letter? A new
one appears from time to time. They
are genuine, true, and full of human
interest*'
Germany's-Vast Gun Output
It is well understood among naval
men that the limiting element in the
question of rapid construction of a
navy is the speed .'with which the
guns and armor can bo produced.
Speaking upon tins question, a
critic of the United States navy plans
draws attention to' the-fact that during the naval agitation-"-of.-1909 in
England, the then : First Lord, Mr.
Mclvenna, stated that it was not beyond the power of the Krupp establishments to produce all the guns and
armor necessary for eight dreadnoughts per year. This output would
bo additional to the enormous home
and foreign orders for \yar. material
taken care of at Essen. 7 .
Hence, having in view the preseni
increased size of the ."Krupp"works-;
this authority believes that the Essen
and affiliated factories could easily
supply the guns and armor for all
the el'readnouoghts and other ships
which Germany is capable of building. T
This is true of no other country
but Great Britain.
Use Miller's Worm Powder ana the
battle against worms is won. These
powders correct the morbid conditions
of the stomach which nourish worms
and these destructive parasites cannot
exist after they come in contact with
the medicine. The worms are- digeste*'
by the powders and are speedily evacuated with other refuse from the bowels. Soundness is imparted to,the organs and the health of the child steadily improves.
The Kaiser set out to destroy the
empire, but in the end he will only
have rebuilt it on a deeper and a
surer foundation���but a ioundation
with liberty still as its keystone. In
a century, perhaps in half a century,
we here at home shall have shiunk
bv comparison to a relatively minor
element of the confederation. The
very centre of the English race may
have shifted from us, must eventually be shifted fiom us. But, if we
arc equal to our heritage, one glory
will never pass from these islands���
the glory of founding the greatest
confederation of free peoples this
eaith has ever seen.���London Daily
"New 3.
-K
Ask for Minard's and take no other,
Mrs. Noovo-Reesh���We went to the
matinee at that new theatre that's
just been opened the other day.
Pier Companion���Indeed* and what
do vou think of its accoustic properties'?
Mrs. Noovo-Reesh���Well, you know,
I thought they were a trifle gaudy myself���Sketch.
Germination tests conducted by the
Saskatchewan department of agriculture this spring showed 95 per cent,
of vi'a.ity.
Feeds Rats to Find What He Should
Eat ,
More than 1,000 rats are being used
in the agricultural chemistry department of the University of Wisconsin
in an effort on the part of Professor
E. V. McCollum to discover the ideal
food that will make people live the
most efficient livea and grow at the
best practical rate.
Although the experiments are being
made upon rats, the results are known
to be the same a3 if they were made
upon human beings. Professor McCollum has already been at work for
seven years on this problem.
He has . early discovered the perfect food, but is still in search of the
chemical parts of the two unknown
compounds that will make up the Ideal
food for which he is searching.
NEW STRENGTH"
,   JNTHE SPRING
Nature  Needs  Aid   in Making
New Health-Giving Blood
In the spring the system needs a
tonic. To be healthy you must have
new blood, just as the trees must have
new sap to renew their vitality. Nature demands it, and without this new
blood j-ou will feel weak and languid.
You may have twinges of rheumatism
or the sharp stabbing pains of neuralgia. Often there are disfiguring
pimples or eruptions on the skin. In
other cases there is -merely a feeling
of tiredness and a variable appetite.
Any of these are signs that the blood
is out of order���that the indoor life
of winter has lessened your vitality
What you need m spring is a tonic
medicine to put you right, and in all
the world of medicine there is no tonic
can equal Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
These Pills actually make new rich;
led blood���your greatest need t in
spring. This new blood drives out the
seeds of disease and makes easily tired
men, women and children bright, active and strong Mrs. Eugene Cada-
rette, Amherstburg, Ont, says. "I suffered for a long time from dizziness,
pain in the bacK and sick headache,
and nothing I took did me any good
until I began Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
These cured me after taking six boxes
and I now feel better than ever I did
111 my life I had fallen off in weight
to 82 pounds, and after taking the
Pills I had increased to 100 pounds."
These Pills are sold by all medicine
dealers or can be had by mail at 50
cents a box or six boxes for $2.50 fnm
The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co , Brock-
ville, Ont.
-. ,t--i'-x-'��i
,...     .. ~- j.    t
Cut out cathartics and purgatives.   They aril'
brutal���harsh���unnecessary. 'iry **
CARTER'S LITTLE
LIVER PI
Purely VBR-ctabl
grentlyon their
eliminate bile.at
soothe thedel���
catemembraae
ofthebovrcl
Care Con-
Q'ltaus-
tiess, - & �����.��� j j.
Sick Headache end Indigestion, as millions  bmul
Sural! Pill, Small DoB<i Smatf-?Price*.
Genuine must bear Signature   \
a
.   .  r     r   r
It is interesting to record, says a
special despatch from Simla, that the
recent winter had been the quietest
on record for the past live years on
the northwest frontier of India.
Doubtless the strict neutrality maintained by the Amir Afghanistan has
contributed to this result. India continues to make munificent war gifts
and the manufacture of munitions is
proceeding briskly, many shipments
having been made already. The development of existing factories is receiving the diligent attention of the
government. The trade of India continues  satisfactory.
The  Silver  Lining
The Tender-Hearted Cook���No bad
news, I 'ope, ma'am?
The Mistress���The master's ~ been
wounded.
The Cook���There now, ma'am*don't
let that worry you. They tells me
they can patch 'em up so'3 they're
better than before.���Sketch.
Saved the Empire
British     Officer     Declares     Canadian
-'        >     *       s      %
Chaps to be First-class Fighting
Men i . 1
"They are not such 1 soldiers, as' we
have ever known before���tliey, cto^not
obey any of the 'rules of warfare as
we have learned them���but, mon'-Dieu
���they can fight!" .V *' "i"-1
That was the remark-made itorine"by ���
an officer of the French general stall
as we stood together on the road-from'   ~
Boesinghe  to El^erdinghe.-jin, Fland- ""
ers, one "of thpse^terrilJle^days -"just a
year ago, and watch'ed'Vmb"ulahce'"after
ambulance dashing past, each carrying   .
its ghastly freight of.wounded and dy-^
ing Canadians.    It  was  the  valedictory of the men fromoverseas who had
thrown themselves-.into' the breach and
sa'.o the line���who had fought against
big odds, and had piled ,their bodies '
man high to stem��ithe German drive
for Calais, and who, -against gas and
flame,     shot  and  shell,  checked  the
Prusisan tide of* \nctory\)and* '���"���"���jested
from    the enemy ^he prize that vwas "���-
within   their  grasp���the";rdadj"t,o':tlie
Channel, which meant tlie military; segregation of Britain andjFrance and the
possible invasion of England.,,,^ f-\n,*
Not until this war. is ��� over 'will It* be    ,
possible to tell of. alf'that happened
during those""-fateful'weelcs-ffom^April,-.'
22 to May 10, 1915; f By that time'it '
wdl be stale in meh's^minds^and'may .
even be overshadowed by others,of 'as""
great import.    But"-th;e\.story* of/those     -
days in here. /"i"^ i���;^v.  ->
The casualty list, of .the .Canadians'''"'
engaged m thafstruggle around Ypres;- *
from      Boesinghe " ^'""TMckeouschT '"
amounted to  85 per cent." - of'.'itheir    "
strength!   Of the "Princess Pats7".;���a'i.
regiment of over 1,000 men, there-are    '
today less than a score alive and w.ell
of all who left Canada with the" first
contingent in October, 1914.       1 ��� -   -
So it is hardly to be wondered, at
that I heard the remarli"voiced by the
b'rench officer repeated**** often "��� dur-'
ing those weeks by officers and "men^
of the British, French and Belgian'
forces. A British officer said to- mo
one day: ��� ,-'_ .   - .
"You know, those Canadian chapa--
are a bally independent lot, so- jolly
cocksure of themselves an' all," an*
rather hard to get along with'if you*
don't understandJ them���but they're
first-class fighting men an' no mistake."���Dr. William Aldersom-in'Les-*
lie's. ���,,.   ���
,t>
,--, 'j
-*f**l
* 1
������ j
'��� - M
\     'A." Jv**
'" *-'\'S
F
t
* 4
India increased its rice nrodnctiba
this year by about 21 per cent to, a
new high recorl,  although  the acre-*'
age was increased less than one per i
cent, from last year. - ,    .
%
Young Man (to coquette)���If you
don't answer me one way or the other
���yes or no���I'll hang myself at your
garden gate.
Coquette���You mustn't do tha*.
Father doesn't like young men hanging
about the place!���London Opinion.
A clothing rack which has been invented in which garments are hung
over rods is claimed to occupy less
space than the usual affair fitted
with pegs and hooks.
Drives Asthma Like Magic. The immediate help from Dr. .1. D. Kellogg's
Asthma Remedy seems like ni'gic.
Nevertheless it is only a natural remedy.used in a natural way. The smoke
or vapor, reaching the most remote
passage of the affected lubes, brushes
aside the trouble and opens a way for
fresh air to enter. It is sold by dealers throughout the land.
Fair Customer���But the hairs are
coming out of this muff.
The Salesman���That, madam, is a
pecularity of the animal; it always
sheds its fur at this time of the year.
Minard's  Liniment   used   by  Physicians.
Tommy���Mamma, have gooseberries
legs?
Mom���OC course not, Tommy.
s Tommy���Then I've swallowed a caterpillar.
The American Agriculturist reports
the condition of the American winter
wheat Crop at 78.8 against 88.5 a year
ago.
azid
lerii
&w  to
���Irti-i
-M
iQt   it
%
The   speed   at   which we  live,  the hustle now so
necessary for   success   have   unfortunately  a very
adverse effect on the nervous and digestive systems
of Canadians.  The baneful results, increased lately
to an alarming degree, often lay the seeds of more
deadly trouble, but it will be satisfactory to learn
of the ever-increasing popularity in the 'Dominion*, of the Great
British Remedy, Dr. Cassell's Tablets.
Dr. Ramsay Colics, J.P. of the City of Dublin, a nian of high eminence in the scientific
world, says :���" I have great pleasure in expressing rv.y satisfaction as to the curative effect of
Dr. Cassell's Tablets in cases of nerve troubles. From several cases which have lately come under
my notice I am able to form the opinion lhat Dr. Cassell's Tablets constitute a safe and reliable
family remedy, and appear to be specially effective for nerve and bodily weakness."
Dr. Cassell's Tablets are Nutritive, Restorative, Alterative, and Anti-Spasmodic, and of great
therapeutic value in all derangements of the Nerve, Digestive, and Functional Systems in old or
young. They are the recognised modern home remedy for Dyspepsia, Nervous Breakdown,
.Stomach Catarrh, Kidney Disease, Nerve and Spinal Paralysis, Infantile Paralysis, Rickets, St.
Vitus' Dance, Ana-mia, Sleeplessness, Brain Fag, Headache, Palpitation, Wasting Diseases, Vital
Exhaustion, Loss of Flesh, and Premature Decay. Specially valuable for Nursing Mothers and
during the Critical Periods of Life.
Druggists and Dealers throughout Canada sell Dr. Cassell's Tablets. If not procurable in your city send to the
sole agents, Harold F. Ritchie & Co., Ltd., 10, McCaul Street, Toronto; 1 tube 50 cents, 6 tubes for the pnee ol five.
Sole Proprietors:���Dr. Cassell's Co., Lid., Manchester, Eng.
Saul ymty rmme and address mul 5 texts for
pollute, tic., to HareU F. Rtlchut &��� Ca.. iii,
10, McConi Strict. Toronto, mod �� ftncoiu
^tonpU wtil bt mioUd you fra oj tharfj.
"mM^^^^^^SW^mS^
,     " *S,'",/-�����
^ ^y-X'****^
<'bhl& THE     GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  h  I  1  I"  I.  i  *i  L6  I  H  ft  ��������� ���������?  t  ���������r  ������������������J  ���������<r:  ���������{';  Coleman & 60.  ������ ������ ������  "The Big Store"  General  Merchants  KEREMEOS, B. C.  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of all  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing lanci, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremkos, B.C.  Cbe Ikdley Gazette  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Morris Daly rode to Kaleden  on  Sunday,  returning Monday.  Mrs. G. Ii. Clarke was a passenger to Oroville on Thursday's train. "���������  Miss Florence Daly is visiting  with friends in Hedley for a  couple of weeks.  Mrs. J. A. Brown received a  wire Thursday stating that her  husband had been wounded in  the left arm, while fighting in  France.  Miss Bessie Kichter is visiting  her sisters in Victoria until  their school closes there, when  they will return with her for  their holidays.  Mr. Gordon .Dinning of Kelowna motored through town  on Tuesd'iy of last week with a  party of friends on their way  to Spence's Bridge. Mr. Dinning was formerly relieving  manager of the Canadian Bank  of Commerce hero two years  ago.  Mr. Mitchell of Spokane, who  Juis interests in theB. C. Copper  company, was in town on Saturday on his way from Copper  mountain accompanied by a  mining expert from Vancouver,  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year SAM  "   (United State.-*)  A50  Advertising Rates  , Measurement. Ii lines to tho inch.  Transient Advertisements���������nob exceeding one  incli. Si.2.1 for one insertion. 25 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over one inch,  12 cents per lino for lirst insertion and 8  cents per lino for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  $1.25; over 1 inch and up to 4 inches, Sl.00  per inch pernionth. To constant advertisers  taking larger space than four inches, on  application, rates will be given of reduced  charges, based on size of space and length  of time.  Certificate of Improvement-* ������10.00  (Where more than one claim appears  in notice, S'2.50 for each, additional  claim.)  Jas. W. Giuek, Publisher.  .Hedley, B. C. Juno 15, 101G.  '��������� He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me."  1   KEREMEOS ITEMS.   |  Everybody play tennis.  Mi*. Dohn of Winnipeg is here  buying up a bunch of cattle.  Mr. and Mrs. Ames returned  home from the coast on Saturday's train.  Miss Winifred Manery spent  Sunday with her parents at  Similkamectj.  Mr. Parrot of Penticton was  in town-on Wednesday with a  load of travelers.  Another car of men passed  through town on Thursday for  Copper mountain,  Mr. Grant and family were in  town Friday from White lake  and spent the day.  Misses Eva and Kathleen Gibson were visitors to Hedley  over the week end.  Don't forget the Strawberry  and Ice Cream social to be given  in the park on June 23rd.  Mr. W. Cameron had the first  ripe strawberries of the season  on the market oil Saturday.  Mr. W. A. McLean motored  from Hedley on Sunday with a  party of friends, and visited  with Mrs. J. A. Brown.  Mrs. J. Innis received word  from her son, Hill, on Saturday,  saying he was in Belfast and  was enjoying some beautiful  sights.  Mr. A. D. Broom field of  Princetsn and Mr. Noi-cross of  Copper mountain motored  through town on Sunday on  their way to   Oroville, Wash.  Mi". D. J, Innis and family,  accompanied by Mrs. -J. Innis  and daughter, motored to  Green mountain on Sunday  and spent the day with Mr. and  Mrs. L. A. .Clarke.  L. Glanders who has been at  Copper mountain freighting for  ! the B'. C. Copper Co. with one  of D. J. Innis' 'four-horse teams,  returned home on Thursday,  having finished his job there.  who had been looking ovei' the  property. About 175 mon are  now working for the company  on Copper mountain.  The monthly meeting of the  Similkameen Women's Institute was held at the institute  rooms on Thursday with a large  attendance. The committee for  the flower show, which is to  take place on the 25th August,  were appointed.1 Several demonstrations on summer salads were  given, and at the close of the  meeting refresh merits were  served by Mrs. .J. W. Armstrong  and Mrs. D. J. limes, hostesses  for the day.  Mr. Cwbb, manager of the  mail order department of Henry  Birks & Sons of Vancouver,  was in town last week accompanied by his "wife, calling on  their mail order customers. Mr.  Cubb seemed veiy much impressed by the valley, as they  had traveled through by auto  by Spence's Bridge and down  the Tulameen and Similkameen  rivers, they had the pleasure of  "seeing the beautiful scenery for  which the valley is so highly  praised, and everyone traveling  that road can safely say it is  most picturesque.  The children of Miss Kam-  say(s school were very much  pleased when on Friday morning she informed them she had  planned a picnic for them. And  after school hours they started  on a tramp up Keremeos creek,  where she spread a lunch for  them, and they enjoyed a few  races and games, after which  the,)' wended their way home,  singing praises in favor of their  teacher. It is rumored that Miss  Ramsay has resigned her position here as teacher, to take  .effect after the school closes,  which will be felt very much  by both parents and pupils, as  they feel they never had another to iill the place so well,  and the children all seem so  well pleased and speak so highly  of their teacher. Let us hope  it has been a mistake as to her  leaving.  One day last week Mrs. Gluts.  Til ley   of    Oroville    and    her  daughter and husband thought  they would take  a day outing,  so they came up on the train to  Ashnola and  spent  the day between     (rains.      While    there  they  caught   a   few   fish,   but  when   they boarded  the down j  train they encountered  the majesty of the law in   the form of  Game .Warden Chisler, who ini-j  mediately  put   them  under ar- j  rest for fishing in B. C. without  a  licence.    When   they  got  to j  Keremeos he took them  off the ;  train and brought them  up before   Judge  Coleman,   but the  judge thought as Mr. Tilley was  a    .Canadian     and    that    the  daughter was   born in Canada  and had lived most  of  her  life  in B. C. that -..perhaps she had a  right to a lew of the fish, and  pardoned them for the hideous  c rime. The train had a lot of  work to do here that day and  vas held about half an hour, so  'hey got through in time to  ���������jhake the Canadian dust from  their feet and board the train  for the land of the free, having  gone to a foreign country, committed a crime, been arrested,  tried, freed and fled, all within  six hours; that's going some.  Our theatre goers will be delighted with the announcement,  that the Kichter Hall, Keremeos, will play our old favorites, the Hostoniaus, June 20t:h.  Bringing with them the zest of  youthful accomplishment, this  famous company of twenty  young ladies will return for  their twelfth visit. Those who  remember their last engagement, or possibly tho past eleven  visits of the Bostonians, will require nothing more than the  announcement of the engagement of the engagement of thi.s  company, which is composed  entirely of girls. It has been a  double pleasure for the past  eleven years to have the Bostonians visit Keremeos, pleasant for the individual members  of the company and also for  their many local friends, and it  is hoped that this coming engagement will prove more mutually gratifying to those of the'  past. There will be many girls  in this returning company who  have been here several times  before and who, consequently,  have many good friends among  the local theatre goers. Thorn  Ilellen, Patsie Henry, Dixie  White, Mabel Gardiner. In a  Mitchell, and other stars will be  greeted by their host of friends  and there will be many new  faces which have never before  been seen here. They will play  a smart musical comedy, "Tipperary Mary."     c *  A '-work-a-day" picnic, will be  held on the 21st of June at 2 p.  m., to which all the men with  plenty of public spirit and a  strong arm are particularly requested to attend. The idea of  this picnic is to clean up the  park as much as possible and  especially to clean out the underbrush so that there will be  no danger of another outbreak  of fire such as occurred last  year. Fortunately the main  clump of pine trees escaped iii  the last fire, but it should be  be sufficient warning to us that  some means must be taken to  protect the beautiful clump of  pines that still remain. It has  taken years to produce these  trees; in fact, they were old  trees when the present town-  site was established, yet in their  present  condition half an  hour  XA.KE  er  For stomach  and Bowel Trouble  r  Hedley Drug & Book Store  He>cHe>yf B. C  of lire in tlie dry weather would  make   thorn   the  unsightly and  useless dumb of burned timber  that the smaller clump burned  last.year now  is.    Besides tins,  a fire starting in the main clump  would take  with   it  the  whole  rink 'outfit,   which   would   be a  serious loss iii itself, but which  could   be   replaced,   while   the  loss of the   trees  could   not  be  replaced in our  lifetime.    His  hoped that- all the men of Kere  moos and the district will make  an effort to get out and help in  this work and bring  such tools  with them as will be required���������  mattocks,   brush hooks,   brush  sythes and rakes.   The ladies of  the W. I have kindly offered to  provide refreshments and  feel  that after  the  very  successful  picnic given by  them last week  that some such effort should bo  made to   prevent   any   further  loss of  trees,   which   make the  park such   an  attractive  place  to  hold gatherings..   It  should  be borne in mind that  at some  not distant date a fall  fair will  be  our principal   event, 'which  will no doubt include the flower  show now being  held annually,  and at that time a park with a  suitable building  for  the fair,  will  make   a    most   attractive  place for visitors from the out  side to come to.  ���������i*Bh th A, t  Hwiieii Trading 60, Ltd  Stone Crocks  With Covers  Half-Gallons  -  - 50c.  1 Gallon    -    -   -  65c.  2 Gallons    -   -    $1.15  3 Gallons   -    -    $1.50  5 Gallons   -    -    $2.25  See Ours First*  i  Mey Trading 60. Ltd.  iiiW^WiWWirf-'WW^  HEDLEY GAZETTE  JOB DEPARTMENT  ���������11 iwiimii wsamaams"^* ������������ijm^p-iny iuh iiu  WHEN YOU ARE IN NEED OF-  D. P. Cqsgriff and D. McLean  have staked claims near Morrison lake. They believe that  district will develop a big low-  grade silver-lead mine.  The* American Tfish who have been  doing all the shouting for the Inst two  years are the men behind the guns in  the Ilish icvoll. "Three thousand  miles behind the gun**," up Mr. Donley  used to i-iiy,",-irrd willing to be farther."  ���������Weekly Tatler.       .  Dear Editor: "Will you kindly tell  me the present six best sellers? The  pr-esent six best sellers are clothes for  women, booze, clothes for women,  bread, tobacco, and moie clothes for  women.  Dear Editor:    Where do   most people go  for- their vacation?   Go   broke.  BowJee Laundry  '   Only First Class Work  Laundry Delivered Anywhere  Letterheads  Billheads  Envelopes  Statements  Meal Ti ckets  Milk Tickets'  Ball Programs  Posters   ���������  D odgers, Dates  Circulars   " .  Invitations :.  Business Cards-,'  Bills'-of Fare  Memo Heads  Butter Wrappers  Visiting Cards  TRY US =- WE GIVE SATISFACTION,  Hatching*  Eggs  $1.00 PER SETTING  Single Comb Rhode Island  Reds (selected stock)  D. HENDERSON  WATER NOTICE.  Take notice  that W. J. Armstrong,  D.   J.   Mclnlyre,  A.  Thompson,   and  Hugh  McOormaek,   whose  address is  Penticton.   H.   0.,   will   apply   for   n  licence to take  -mil  use one   hundred  horse   power  of  water' out   of Snsap  creek, which Hows easterly and drains  into the Similkameen river about half  a   mile   north   of   R.   J.   Armstrong's  ranch.    The   water   will   be  diverted  from the stream at a   point about one  and  a   half  miles  from  where Susap  creek  enters   the   SiiiiilUameen,   and  will'be   used   for   power 'and   milling  purposes upon the  mine, property described as  the  Joe  Dandy  and Great  Fulls group.    This  notice was posted  orr   the  ground  on  the eighth.day of  June, 1010.   A copy of this notice and  1111 application   pursuant thereto  and  to the ��������������� Water Act, 1 Oil," will he filed  in the office of the Water Recorder at  Princeton,   B,   C.    Objections   to   the  application may be   filed with Ihe said  Water   Record er or  with the  Comptroller' of   Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings,    Victoria,    B,   C,   within  thirty days after the. first appearance  of this notice In a local newspaper.  Tin; date of the  first  publication of  this notice Is .lune 15th, 1010,  ' " W.   .1.   Al|,MSTllO.V(i,"j  I). J, MelNTVJtK,      Ia,,,,':,...,,.*  A. TiIOMl'SO.v, -Applicant*-,  Muoir MoUoh.mack.J  By 1). J. Mclntyre, Agent.  The Nickel Plate  Barbershop  SATISFACTORY, SANITARY  TONSORIAL SERVICE  This shop it equipped with  Baths and all the latest  Electrical   Appliances.  W.T.BUTLER, - Prop.  PAINTING  PAPER-HANGING  KflLSOMINING  TERMS MODERATE  tlEDLEY.B.C.  NOTICE  MINKIIAI, ACT  Certificate ol Improvements  Midnight Fractional Mineral (.'Inliii, situate  in tlie Osoyoos Mining Division of Siiullkaiiieon  District,  Whore located:���������Camp I led ley.  TAKI'* NOTICE Hint I. William Waiigh,  Kr-u.o Minors Cci'tiliralc No. TfillU-M, intend,  sixty days from date liuroof, to apply to tlie  Mining l'ooordor for a ( ortllleato of Improvements, for blio purpose of obt'i'tiing a Crown  Grant of the above claim.  And further toiko notice that notion, under  section 8fl, must bo commenced before the issuance of aueh Cci'tlllcato of Improvement,  Dated this llth day of April, A.D. iDlu*.  Synopsis of Coal Mining; Regulations.  r<OAL mining vlglils of the Dominion, ir  ^ Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta;  the Yukon Territory, the North-wost Territories nnd in a portion of the I'rovinoo of Uri-  tish Columbia, may bo leased fora torm of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not, more than 3.3fHi acres w| bo loused  .to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by tho  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent  of the district, in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must bo described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of  sections, and in untsurvoyod territory tho tract  applied for shall bo staked out ��������� the applicant  himself,  Knob application must be acoonuiiiliiod by  fee of ���������"*;"> which will bo refunded if tlie righU  applied for are not available, but not other  wise. A royalty shall be paid on tho merchant  able output of the mine at the rate of Hvo cents  per ton,  The person onoratlng the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn i-otu|-)is accounting for  tho full quantity of merchantable laiuod  and nay the royalty thereon.    I ooul min  ing rights are not being operated sir returns  should be furnished at least once a year,  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface right*) may  bo considered necessary for the working of tiro  mine at the rate of $J.U,00 an acre  For full information application should be  made to the Secretary of the Denartmonfe of  the Interior, Ottawa, or o any A ���������font or Sub-  Airenb of Dominion Jjiinds,  W. \V. COBV, ;-.  I loputy Minister of the Intoi'lor,  N.Jj.-Uiiauthoris-od publieHti thlsiidvo  tiseruorit will not be puid for< II (Jin  4

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