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The Hedley Gazette Jun 21, 1917

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 ,    '   "     : -/     "   -- -,"   * -    ���������-������-    > ,/    ''      ,   'v.    "/." **'' ��������� >..      "-"        - ''     -  " -      '- '  ���������*">-i- -*^^^':  ;Tr'   ,  *.'r������^���������/T3^  Ifhi'nr  yW -Assonib/y  '%2.00, In.Advance  JflS. GLARKE  W/atchmalcer  hedley|b,  Clocks and Watches for Sale.  c  KEREMEOS ITEMS.  Call up Phone No. 12  'ir A-good shock of Horses and Rigs on,  -    Hand.   5 Orders for Teaming  \ promptly attended to.      -^  '.'WO.OD   FOH   SALE!  PALA6B  yvery, Feed k Sale Stables  -r     Phone 12.  IIKDLTSV   B.'O.  D. J. INNIS  Ltd  .V. Tiromps x nroN'K suymouh jOn  MGK. WKSTKRK CANADA '  Camrhell Laird & Co  -*   Steel Manufacturers ,  Sheffield,- Eng.  Offices and Warolioiise, 817-ftt Beatty Street  Vancouver, B. C.  ~R.  IP, BROWN  -British Columbia Land Surveyor  Tur..* No. 27  PHNTICTON,  P. O. Dkawi-r 1K0  -        B.  C  P. W. GREGORY  CIVIIj  ENGINEER and BRITISH  -COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building       -       Princeton  WALTER  CLAYTON  c.  E.   HASK1NR  ; CLAYTON % tlfl-SKINS  Barristers, Solicitors,   Etc.  -     "    -'         MONEY TO-tOAN  PENTICTON,  -  B. C.  DR. J. L. MASTERS  ynieNTIST.  OFFICE IN COVERT BLOCK.  Oroville,  Wash-  te  Grand Union  Hotel  HEDLEY,   British Columbia  ���������������H������a*S5at������������������<^^^^^������*������1l������^rt-<^^^*6a'irit<!V  K*   -  ���������*     -* " ��������� ."5  X  X  X  X  ���������s  X  X  X  ��������� X  X  X  X  X  X  X  .X  X  X  X  X  ���������f  X  X  i  X  ������l  & i  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation'.  Bar "Stocked with Best Brairds  of Liquor and Cigars  A.   WINKLER,     Proprietor  All kinds of fresh and  cured meats always on  hand. Fresh Fish on  sale   every   Thursday.  ESSaSfiXEEa  ��������� 9  R. J. EDMOND, Prop.  Mr. Carle had the first "too 11  peas of the season on Friday.  Mr. and Mrs. Splaun of Gho-  paka are visiting with -Mr. G. 8.  London.  Mr. J. R. Brown of Summer-  land, Indian agent, was in town  on Monday.  Dr. Thomson, V. S., left on  Monday's train for the Boundary on business. '  ,''  -Miss Mabel-Manery of Si mi Ilea;  ineen spent tho weekend- here  with her sister.    _      <  Mr. Bromley of  the  llichter  lower  ranch   was a  visitor   in  Proprietor  town on Saturday,   -  'Mrs. Powell of the' Horn Silver mine Siinilkameen, was in  town on Tuesday.  Mr. Chamberlain of Similkameen was a business visitor to  town ou Saturday.  Mr. and Mrs. McLean of Summerland were" visitors in town  the first of tho'wook.  Mrs. Harold Quant and little  son were" passengers to Oro-  vilie on Monday's train.  A few Kcremeosites"attended,  the show in Hedley on Tuesday  night given by the  Bostonians.  Miss Sewell of Similkameen  spent the week end visiting  with her sister, Mrs Love of  Olalla. .  Mr. IT. Tidy left on .Tuesday  for New Westminster to bring  his family- here to spend the  summer,'  Mr. and Mrs. Greer .of Penticton; accompanied by- friends,  passed tlir- Vl-ll^t'"-"*'",. r>n Sunday for Hedley.'.   "  -'    "',*'  Mr. Verrall returned home on  Saturday from Similkameen  where "he had been doing some  work on the,road.  The Misses Eva and Kay Gibson wore visitors to Cawston on  Friday's train, returning by  auto in the evening.  Dr. Elliot of Hedley, accompanied by family and Mrs. G. P.  ���������Jones and B. W.JjKnowlos, were  in town last Thursday.  Mrs. Johnson and son of  Vancouver arrived here on  Friday to join her husband,  who is working for Mr. Tidy."  Mr. Win. Cameron had the  first .strawberries of the season  on _the -market last Tuesday.  They are now getting quite  plentiful.  Mrs. Tweddle and daughter  Betty went" to Oroville last  week where they met Miss  Plelen returning from school in  Portland. ���������   ���������   ���������  : Mrs. Carmiehael and daughter  left on Wednesday for the east  where she will spend the summer witli her sister, Mrs.. Moore  of CarTj'ery, Man.  Miss Freda Richter returned  last Monday from Victoria,  where she had been attending  normal school, and will spend  the holidays with her mother.  Mr. Oscar Lachmond, manager of the Canada. Copper Co.,  accompanied by Mr. Longworth,  Greenwood, was in town on  Tuesday on his way to Copper  mountain.  Mrs.   W,   H  on Monday.night for  on June lGth   and   elected  cci's for the year as follows:  President���������A.  Robeiison.  Yice-Presidont-E. M. Crooker.  Soe.-Treasu rer��������� IT. Tidy.  Directors���������G. P>. Clark, F. M.  Wright and D.J. Taylor.  The handling of the fruit for  the season was 'discussed, as  werealso the, railway question  and other matters. The meetings of the Institute will be  held on the Third, Saturday of  each montli at 4 p. m. in the  town hall.  TOWN AND DISTRICT  Q-'\.^'>w>'W������'W  Officer Sproule left yesterday  morning for a short vacation at  the coast. .  From t������he Stag Heap.  Really Sir, Laurier. should receive two grades bf iron crosses.  The men. at.*the Princeton  coal .mine have gone back to  work,says the Star.   -  ��������� 'Vancouver citizens are learning to walk. The street cars  have stopped running owing to  a strike affecting^ the" Avholc  tramway system. '  T. T. Raukinoj principal of  of the Armstrong schools, was  killed at Vimy. \- Tie was formerly principal of the New  Denver public schools.  A million eggs a day is the  amount~ usually"V-msumed by  Great Britain in -normal times,  although the consumption at  the present . time - lias been  greatly diminished as many of  the sources of supply havo'beon  cut off on account of the war.  The next federal election will  be fought on racial lines. Over  five hundred Frenchmen mot in  Russell county, Ontario," and  nominated a French candidate.  The Liberal member now is  lion. ,CHarles Murphy, and  there is also a Conservative  candidate in thQ.":':\i\.  The truthful man is'not found  west of the" Missouri river." Me  runs -wild in the East, swaps  horses in the daytime and in  the evening tells the Almighty  how to run the universe.- When  he conies West he goes in for  politics and becomes acquainted  with railway magnates."  The only slaves are the industrious men who are prosperous and have been trained  by idlers dependent upon lliein.  Many a man docs more hard  work   in a dav   than    hi*-:   wife  and four  a   week;  or  five  children do in  "Now you're  iron cross, wl  Armstrong   left  the coast,  being called   there   by  wire on  account of the sudden illness of  hei*  brother-in-law, Mr  George  GREAT  NORTHERN   HOTEL  HEDLEY B.C.  Dor and Table the Best.   Rates Moderate  Hirst Class Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor.  Armstrong.  Mr. W. IT. Armstrong left on  Saturday for the coast, being  callptf there by the serious illness of his brother, Mr.. George  Armstrong, who was here last  week on a visit, leaving last  Wednesday for the coast. On  arriving there he was taken ill  and was taken to the hospital.  His friends here wish for his  speedy recovery.  The members of the Farmers'  Institute mot in the  town   hall  !iiul many a woman  does more hard work in a week  than, her loafer husband does  in a lifetime.  In the first year  of   the   war  they were discussing the  fighting   qualities   of   the  soldiers.  The discussion was  in   a blackf-  smith shop.    There were in the  bunch a German, an American,  a Nova Scotian and some .Canadians.    The German was doing  most''of  the   talking Avith the  American leading him. on.   The  Nova Scotian was whistling the  "Cock o'tlie  North."    The'Geiman wasn't  on   to   the tunc or  he  would   have   left before  he  sat  down.   As he  crawled   out  with an old. horseshoe sticking  to  him, tho  Nova Scotian said :  decorated with the  lativer, damn you!'"  The. .June issue of Kod and  Gnu is out and its contents are  such as to a.ppcal to lovers of  out of doors. ���������'Learning the  Way/' by Edward T. Martin, is  descriptive of the various stages  involved in becoming a skilled  shooter. "The Record of a  Cruise on the Kawartha Lakes"  tells of a������������������motor boat outing in  this attractive part of Ontario,  while the "Diary of a Canoe  Trip in Algonquin Park", ������������������describes .a successful fishing trip,  in the Park. * Other stoi ies are  of similar interest and all the  regular departments are well  maintained. Dog'lovers will  find a full report of the recent  big dog show held hi Montreal  with a list of all the awards  given at the show and accompanying descriptive matter.  Rod and Gun in Canada is published at Woodstock. Out., by  W. J. Taylor, Ltd.  Ray C. French of Vernon,  representing Pat Burns, was in  town yesterday.  , Father. John will celebrate  mass in the Star theatre Sunday morning at S.30/  Mrs. J. IT. Wilcox of Greenwood is the guest of Mr. and  Mrs. T. Wi I ley a f If ed I ey.  R. P. Brown, P. L. S... Penticton, was surveying some claims  on Nickel Plate hill  last week.  Mrs Geo. N. Garfrell of Summerland is a visitor in town,  the guest of Mr. and Mrs. G. E.  French.  Last week Robert Boyd had  one of his lingers badly crushed  while doing repair, work on the  battery at the mill.  At Princeton. Stampede. Dominion Day. Horse-racing, athletic sports, baseball tournament, rough-rid ing, etc.    -  Miss Mar jorie Smith returned  Monday last from Vancouver,  where she had been studying  music for the past year. In the  examinations she took L. A. B,  in piano music and honors on  the pipe organ.  .This week Tom Wilson ran"  into high grade ore in the shaft  of his claim on Nickel Plate hill.  John Lodge called there on his  way down, and about two feet  of rich ore had been uncovered  hy the Last shot.  A letter from Nick Pickard to  a friend in   town says: "T never  suffered so much in myTif'e with  cold and wet as I did during the  winter  in .France.    I   was first  sent to the Somme. It was there  I first.saw and   heard   the German   shells.     Wc   were   lucky:  only  had   a   few   wounded and  none   killed.      Wo   went,    from  there to Arras  in   time   for the  big  drive.    You   have   seen    in  ���������he  papers  in   regard to Arras  and^Vimy Ridge   where the Canadians  did so well.    I tell you  they are the heroes of the British    army.      Hindenbu rg    said  that-partof the   lino  could not  be   moved.     Well,   it   jmoved"!  The shell (ire   was  awful.    The  German   trenches   were leveled  and every foot of ground turned  over.   Shell  hole's  from 2 to 10  feet  deep  and   20  and  oO feet  across.   The Germans were well  fixed in the trenches.    I was in  There^ was   another   mining  expert fh",town  last week.    He  examined * the   hills   carefully  and  dispa'sionately,, partook of  an   ice   cream   cone   and   was  swallowed   up  by  the  thitherward.    Wherther  he  was possessed of wanderlust or mining  knowledge, ginger heels   or an  M. E. degree,  wasn't  hurled at  The Gazette.    He  had  the  red  boots and  haughty air of the  successful     undergraduate,   in  mining science. When the young  M.   E.   starts   to   conquer   the  bowels   of   the   earth   with   a  geological   treatise   under   his ���������  arm and-red  shoes -on  his feet,  the Cousin -Tack, the Welshman,  the Clectermoor and the rSwede  do not loom  large  on   his horizon,  but after" a  time he finds  that the practical miner and the  geologist   in   combination ' are  wonderful  dividend producers,  and the more they combine the  more  satisfactory  the   results.  Years  ago  we  heard a mining  engineer in  anjiddross before  the Western Branch say he did  not allow familiarity from the  men.   "Although  a  clever man  in his profession, he has not yet  made a success of ajnine.   This  may have  been   largely due to   "  the property, but the man whose  ancestors for.hundreds of years  had  been miners has a knowledge-that  cannot be obtained  in colleges or- books.    Often his  opinion  may mean suceess or  .  failure.    The real miner will go ���������  on and win when the geologist's  calculations are at fault, and he  is ready to quit.  Regular Dividend.  Nicw Yoiik, June 13.���������A quar- .  terly dividend of three per cent  and an additional dividend of 2  per cent has this day been declared on the .outstanding capital sfbek ~of- the - Hedley Gold  Mining Company, payable Saturday, June 30th, to stockholders of record at 12 o'clock noon,  Saturday, June 23rd.  Transfer   books  will  not   be  closed.       John D. Clarke,  Treasu rer.  Mule-Back Smelters.  one dug-out that would hold two  battalions. It wtis about forty  feet deep. I sometimes dream  that I am back in the dear old  home laud. Remember me to  all my friends."  The Bostonians   played  to a  crowded  house  Tuesday night.  The   admission   price   was  the  only high class part of   the per-  .forniance.     Some  of   the   performers  were   fairly expert  in  flipping   their   ventral  fins, but  neither  the   fins   nor   the   flips  were anything to go dopy over.  Iir-fact, the   local .display, in so  far as skirl   limitations   will allow, would  be   more  satisfying  to the young '���������.man   artistically  inclined.    "The   Rose  of Honolulu".is'without  plot   or design,  just       vaudeville,      containing  some   fairly    good   kicks   and  jokes,  songs   without articulu--  lation,   and   really   no   music.  There  was  applause   when the  articulation was distinct enough  for  the  audience   to catch  the  joke. The performers are nearly  all in a transition stage between'  English and an English accent,  The government of British  Columbia is evidently awash in  the seas of inexperience, rudderless and ballastless, wallowing around in the trough in the  hope that something may turn  up to save the barque from disaster's rocks. The minister of  mines' bill to establish government smelters, concentrators  and sampling works, is so utterly Utopian, so foolishly conceived and so wasteful- of extravagant speech, as to be*noth-  ing short of ludicrous.���������Northwest Mining Truth, Spokane.  Still, we in British Columbia  have'hopes that the government will eventually control  the ore-reducing plants of the  province, even if a few thousand  dollars are squandered in experiments. The minister of  mines, it* is hoped, will have  a better idea of the requirements of the mining industry  after he has visited the camps  of the province.  If the cause for AvhicTi we  fight is what we believe it to  be:  if   the.   issues   involved   are  those which   1  edly declared  men   and    in  Canada:  I bel  conic   when  but which way (hey are heading it is impossible to surmise.  The company, although not a  top-notch vaudeville aggregation, gave the people here an  enjoyable evening and will no  doupt have a bumper audience  when they again appear in (lie  opera house, and will then have  got over mushiiij  the language  and  reached  one   goal  or   the  other���������English or tThe accent,  lave been repeat-  by all our public  all the press of  icve the time has  the authority of  "the state should be invoked to  provide the reinforcements necessary to sustain the gallant  men at the front who have held  the lines for months, and who  have proved themselves more  than a match for the best  troops that the enemy could  send against them, and who aro  fighting in France and Belgium,  that Canada may live in the  future.���������Sir Robert Borden.  - An honest energetic man can  obtain constant employment  with us, full or spare tinu, by  representing us locally or traveling. . Apply immediately B. C.  Nurseries Co., Ltd., 1403, 7th  Ave. W., Vancouver B. C.   21-4.  mH1  irJii-Mlii'-'-i I ' I >���������"'    r    .  ��������� -    r; r-    Z- '  ���������THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  |jtJJ!l"���������������*  The best  ij. yeast in  Vthe world.  ||V Mates  ^(X perfect  v, bread,  J  MADE  IN  CANADA  llGiliiJT COMPANY LIMITED  TORONTO. ONT.  "WINNIPEG MONTREAL  JtM*.ui������ii*MUM������f[:<.iiii]9������*iii������iU'catiiiuuii  Their Intimate Concern  German'Diplomacy  Has  Been Successful in Making  Enemies in All Nations  What is the next triumph reserv-  *d for German diplomacy? What  ���������field is there left for the exercise'of  tlie Wrlhemstrasse's great gifts of  finesse? It has now been crowned  with repeated successes until there is  no quarter of the world in which  Germany is -not confronted with a  drawn sword. To date German diplomacy has arrayed' eleven countries  against.'Germany,-a' record, it is believed/that has never been surpassed by the diplomats of any nation.  / After  the   tussle   the   United     States  gave them probably they are equal,  too, to any job that remains before  them. They haven't much room left  to work in, only South America and  China, and they already have induc-  -c'd China to breaky oft" relations  South America, by reason of its isolation, may be a harder job, but the  German diplomats doubtless/ are  working on it. If they are ,baffled  there and the South. American countries succeed in remaining friendly  to Germany, or even in a state of  hostile neutrality toward her, it will  be the first real setback German  diplomacy has encountered in a triumphant course now extending near-  8y three years.���������Kansas City Star  The World Is One and Its Best Interests the Concern of All  Thus  questions  of foreign    policy  which  have    been s hitherto    utterly  outside the ken of the Dominion peoples arc now their intimate concern.  The great .European problems which  fail to be settled.by the verdict   of  war���������the future integrity of Belgium,  the fate of Poland, the settlement pi  the Balkans/' and numberless    others  equally difficult, and 'important���������are  henceforth problems for Canada and  New Zealand  and the other Dominions as well as for    Great   Britain.  The  fancied  remoteness of  the  Dominions  from   these  old drlcnias    of  European diplomacy is at an    end.  The war lias shown it to be a delusion of peace  without real security.  The world is one, and no part of. it  can disclaim concern with any other  part. The war cabinet is at once the  result  of  this   truth   and  its   revelation to the peoples of the (Empirc,���������  London Times.  Would Help Some  When Great Britain fixes prices  for food it is a fixed price. Tire controller of food fixed (he price of potatoes at three cents a pound. Certain tradesmen charged four cents a  pound for potatoes and were promptly fined $5 each. A little of this sort  of law would be popular in ^Canada  ���������-MontrealStar. -  e is  mys  To Tell Reason ������/hy  With  EGYPTIAN   LINIMENT  For Sale by all Dealer*  Douglas & Company, Napanee, Ont  TRA  In IE. S  3!  Or DUtemper In  stallions,  brood mares, colts  and  all    othcra    It  most  destructive.     The  germ  caualnjr  the  disease  must  be  remor������  ed Irom the body ol the animal.    To prevent tUe trouble the sam*,  must be done. / "  SPOHN'S  COMPOUND  Will   do   both���������euro   the  sick  and  prevent   tlio������e   "exposed"    from-  bavin; the disease.    All drug-gists.  BPOHN MEDICAL CO, Chemists,y C?slie>*a Ind��������� U, "������T A,,  John Bull in Shape  has  the  new  SHE     IS     RECOMMENDING  DODD'S  KIDNEY PILLS  Minard's      Liniment  Friend  Lumberman's  Britons   Study  Languages  War Has Pointed the    Wisdom    of  Knowing Foreign Tongues  When King George opened a  ���������achool for the study of Oriental languages he placed official stamp of  approval on the revival of a movement that since the war has been  gaining rapid headway in this country-���������the study of foreign languages.  The school opened by the King is  the first of its kind in the British  Empire, which counts 320 million  citizens speaking Oriental languages.  One of the lessons taught this  country by the war has been the need  Miss E. Demers States They Cured  Pier of Sick Headache: and Rheumatism From Which She Suffered  for Six Month3  Hull, Que-, (Special)���������Cured of  chronic indigestion, sick headache  and rheumatism, from which she had  suffered for six months, Missj E. De-  mers, of 190 Maisormcuve St., here,  gives all the credit for her cure to  Dodd's Kidney Pills, She is recommending them to all her friends who  suffer from kidney troubles of any  kind. .'��������� -  "I am always ready to tell what  Dodd's Kidney Pills did for mc," says  Miss Demers. "I am never without  them in the house. My case was.one  of the worst.  ,. "I had tried several medicines from  the doctor and was getting no better  when" I decided to try Dodd's Kidney  Pills. I took seven boxes and all my  rheumatism, sick headache and indigestion was gone.  ... "When my father saw how much  good Dodd's Kidney Pills had done  mc he began to take them for kidney'trouble. He is better nowv���������  Dodd's Kidney Pills make healthy  kidneys. Healthy kidneys strain all  the impurities, all the poison, out^pf  the blood. They are the greatest of  ail tonics.  La Follette Folly  Representative .La Follette,'' of  Wisconsin, has proposed, that Great  Britain sell Canada to the . United  States for $1,0,000,000,000. . If the  Katzenjamnier! Kids arc. interned for  the duration of the war the La Foi  lctte comedians: can acceptably take  their place.-���������Toronto Mail and Em  pireV. ��������� ���������"������������������''.'.'/ ���������..  No man or-vwoman should hobble  painfully about because of corns  when so certain a relief is at hand as  Holloway's Corn Cure.  Battle qf, the Peoples,  This war is neither a Mary Pickr  ford "movie" nor a Harold- Bell  Wright novel. It is a battle of the  peoples against an unscrupulous and  brutal Machiavellianism,, it is a test  of the brain power ���������: of freemen .-  New York Tribune,     y  Since August, 1914, England  been grimly , marching through  ruins of her former self to a  England. She has been learning day  by day lessons branded in letters of  blood and fire. She was a grant fat  with peace. -Now she is a giant  stripped, clean muscled, with her  navy a-shining, impenetrable shield,  her army a sword keen as death, her  economic organs healthy, rcinvigorat-  ca, her heart beating strong with national pride and purpose.  This is one of the miracles of this  epic time. Arc we going to ignore it?  Must we pass through the same darkness arrd agony to learn the same lesson?���������Chicago Tribune.  r  has Important work to do. Under favorable conditions it does  it well. If sluggish, relieve it with  Largest Sale of Any Medicine in the WoxljL  Sold everywhere.   In boxes, 25c.  NERVOUS DISEASE  IN THE SPRING  Harry Lauder's voice is clearly  one of the assets of the Empire. He  has just invested another $40,000 in  War Loan, bringing his total holding up to $295,000. -  Ho^'sThis?  We offer One Hundred Dollars Rewire'  for any case of Catarrh that cannot be cured  by   Hall's   Catarrh   Cure.  Hall's Catarrh Cure has been taken by  catarrh sufferers for the' past thirty-five  years, nnd has become known as the most  reliable  remedy  for  Catarrh.  s       . . \       , ,    * .     .       . ���������curtL/.u  jc:ucuj.   iyi   vtitioim.     Hall's   Catarrh  for   a   Wider   knowledge      of     foreign   Cure  acts  through  the  Blood on  the Mucous  languages.   The   British   people   have'  learned through the war that tlie average German knew more languages  than the average Briton.  "The trouble with my boy Josh is  that he's always ahead of the times,"  remarked Farmer Corntosscl." What  has he done?" "Went to town to  gee about a position. He found, a  Btrrke in progress, and joined the  Strike before Ire got the job."'  surfaces, expelling; the Poison from the Blood  and   healing   the   diseased   portions.  After you have taken Hall's Catarrh Cure  for a short time you will see a great improvement in your general health. Start taking  Hall's Catarrh Cure at once and get rid of  catarrh.    Send  for testimonials free.  F.  J.  CHENEY  &  CO., Toledo,  Ohio.  Sold   by  all   Druggists,   75c  "This   dog   took   first prize  at  cat show."  "Plow's that?"  "Well, he took the cat."  the  Ask for Minard's and take no other  Bible Readers and the War  of  Progress   of   Eastern   Campaign  Great Interest to Students of  the Scriptures  The war development in western  Asia wril revive knowledge ., of  places that figured in sonic of the  earliest historj- of the world. Airmen have been dropping bombs on  /Bcershcba, where Abraham ranked  himself among the foresters by planting a tree, and whose people were  later denounced by the prophet Amos. Near by is  Hebron, where also, Abraham  was sojourner, as u*as Isaac,  son,   and  Jacob   who    gave    his  Cured  by Toning    the    Blood    and  Strengthening the Nerves  It 13 the opinion of the best medical' authorities, after long observation, 'that nervous diseases are more  common and more serious in -the  spring than.-at airy other time of the  year. Vital changes in the system,  after long winter months, may cause  much more trouble than the familiar  spring weakness and weariness from  winch most people suffer as the . result of indoor .life, in poorly ventilated and often overheated building i.  Official records prove that in April  and May neuralgia, St. Vitus dance,  epilepsy and other forms of.ncrv'c  troubles are at their worst, and that  then, more than any other time, a  blood-making*, nerve-restoring tonic  is needed.  The antiquated custom 'of taking  purgatives in the spring i is useless,  for the system really'needs strengthening, while purgatives only gallop  through the bowels, leaving' you  weaker. Dr. Williams' Pink * Pills  arc the best medicine, for they actually make the new, rich, red blood  that feeds the starved nerves, aiid  ���������thus cure the many forms of nervous  disorders*.-They cure also such other  forms of spring troubles" as headaches, poor appetite, weakness in the  limbs, as well as remove unsightly  pimples and eruptions./in fact they  unfailingly bring new-'health and  strength to weak, tired and depressed  men, women and children.  Sold by all medicine dealers or by  mail a.t 50 cents a box or six boxes  for $2.50 from The Dr. Williams'  Medicine  Co-, Brockvillc,  Ont.  Locomotive Hauls Church  Among the many unusual methods  -employed to move buildings, few  have been so novel as that used in  South Bend, Ind-, to transport an old  church to a new site where it was to  be- fcniodellcd into a theatre.  The structure, after being properly  blocked up, was moved over a railway track and coupled to a freight  engine. Then the locomotive slowly  drew the bulky load a distance of 5  blocks, to a point not far from the  new location. ���������  They Cleanse While They Cure.���������  The vegetable compounds of which  Parmclee's Vegetable Pills arc composed, mainly dandelion and mandrake, clear the stomach and intestines of deleterious matter and restore the deranged organs to healthful action. Hence they are the best  remedy for indigestion available today. A trial of them will establish  the truth of this assertion and do  more to convince the ailing than anything that can be written of these  pills.  British Columbia Fruit Industry  _   The  fruit  industry  in   British   Columbia has within the last two year-*  shown   great  progress,   with   the   re  suit   that  the  province   now  supplies  60 per cent, of the fruit' consumed in  the  prairie provinces  of the Dominion and looks forward to supplying it  all.   This is the statement of W.  J.  McDowall,  manager  of  the    Okanagan   United  Growers   of  Vernon,   B  C.  Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  Dear Sirs���������\Tour MINARD'S LIN  IMENT is    our    remedy _ for    sore  tly*oat,  colds  and  all    ordinary    ailments.  It never fails  lo  relieve and cure  prompllv.  CHAS.   WHOOTEN.  Port Mulgrave.  For the Price oL One I  .Both     sides     of     EDDY'S  * Twin    Beaver    Washboardo  ��������� can be used���������giving doublo  service for the price of ona.  Made of INDURATED  FIBREWARE (which is  really pulp hardened and  baked by a special process)  it cannot splinter or fall  apart. Won't hurt your fingers or v tear you clothes.  Double value for your money���������almost life * lasting.  Don't do another washing  until you get one.  ASK YOUR DEALER.  (  The E. B. Eddy Company  . Limited  HULL     -     -     CANADA  J  his  name to a people. To the westward  is Gaza a great city of 'the Philistines, which sold Hebrew slaves to  Edom, and for a time held Samson  as a prisoner, till, lifting the gates of  the place from their fastenings, he  went off with them, casting them on  the Mount Muntar, before Hebron.  The further progress of tlie campaign  will be interesting to, Bible as well  as  newspaper readers.  Use the Soil  It is just as important under present conditions lo have reserves of  food as reserves of cartridges- When  so much is dependent upon a good  crop, the entire community, should  concern itself about, the situation  from the beginning of the season.  There are certain common vegetables  comprising a large part of the food  supply, such as potatoes, beans, onions, etc., which do well in all parts  of the country. They can be grown  in a small way without machinery,  and their production this year in ample quantities should he. assured beyond  chance or doubt.  Physician���������Did your husband follow my directions, taking his medicine    religiously? .  Wife���������I fear not,- doctor. _ He  swore every time I gave him a  dose.���������Puck.  Spend Vacations on Farm"  City Men   Will Use  Spare Time  to  Help The Farmers  Favoring the plan of the Ontario  government for increased production of foodstuffs by encouraging  city men to assist farmers, more than  one hundred rnenrbers of tire Windsor Chamber of Commerce will give  one week of their vacation this year  to farm work without cost to the  farmers. This decision has been made  as a result of a meeting held in Windsor recently, when W.R. Knowles,  of the Ontario government agricultural department, made a plea for cooperation among farmers and men of  the urban sections with a view lo increasing crops and staple foodstuffs.  It is planned to enlist the  high school boys, retired farmers and others who have  had experience in farm work. The  officers of the Chamber of Commerce  there are confident that at least 1,-  000 men of Windsor and adjoining  towns will interest themselves in the  movement.  J  WATERPROOF   COLLARS   AND    CUFFS  Do away with till Laundry Bills. When they  become soiled just wash them villi soap nnd  water. No ironingf necessary. Suitable- for  those of the most fastidious taste aa theylook a*)  good as linen.   Ask your dealer for them.  ARLINGTON   CO.   OF CANADA,  Limited  Fraser Avenue, Toronto  TH* NEW FRENCH REMEDV. Ntl.H.S.RA  THERAPION KM  reat success, cures chronic weakness, lost viooa  VIM KIDNEY BLADDER. DISEASES. BLOOD fOISOH.  flLES HITHER No. DRUGGISTS or MAIL SI POST 4 CTI  FOUGEItACO W BEEKMAN ST. NEW VURK OrtVMAS BBOf  TORONTO     WRITS FOR FREE BOOK TO Dr   Lit CLIBO  SdEo co haverstocxrd. Hamtstead London SMav  TRV.NEWORACEE(TASTELESS)FOKUOF    [ricV   TO   TAKS  THERAPION xsxsrJZ  Ml THAT TRADE   HARKED  WOKD   * THERAriOH*   IS OH  tUX. GOVT. STAMr A/flXSD TO ALL SENIUM* PACMTS,  America's  Pioneer  Dog Remedies  BOOK  ON i  DOG DISEASES  And How to Feed  Mailed Xreo to any address by  tho Author  H. CLAY GLOVERCO., Inct  118 West 31st Street, New York  COOK'S   COTION   ROOT   COMPOUND  A safe, reliable regulating medlt  cine. Sold in three degrees ol  strength. No. 1. Jl; No. 2, %i\  No. 3, SS per box. Sold by all  (lriiireisU, or sent pre:������ald In  plnin packnee on receipt oj  price. Free pamphlet. Address  THU COOK MKDICXNB CO,  Toronto, OnL IFermeriu Wtttimrj  t'riena���������whether in training, or already at tho front-���������needs iiain-Buk.  It cannot be equalled for the many  email Injuries and ailments incidental to a soldier's life.  Sergt. I'. Bremner of the 8th  Canadian Mounted hifies, writes:  "For healing- cuts, sores, blisters,  etc., Zam-Buk cannot be  beaterr." .  Corp. Fremlln of the 10th Field  Ambulance, writing from France,  saya: "We And Zam-Buk -splendid  for injuries aiid allmonts, but we  haven't -enough of It."  Every soldier should carry a box  of Zam-Buk, as nothing: ends paiiji  and stops bleeding so quickly; Jt  also prevents blood-poisoning. 50o,  all druggists, or Zftm-Buk Co.,  Toronto.  Dust Causes Asthma���������Even a little  speck too small to sec will lead to  agonies Avhich no words carr describe-  Tire walls, of the breathing tubes  contract and it seems as if the very  life must pass. Frorrr this condition  Dr. J.D. Kcllogg's Asthma .Remedy  brings the user to perfect rest and  health. It relieves the passages and  normal breathing" is firmly established again. Hundreds of testimonials  received annually prove its effectiveness.  Advertisers Are Not Pirates  Here: is a-niit for every household  cr to crack: The price of commodi  tics which arc advertised for sale has  risen much less than the price of  things never advertised. If yon  haven't a hammer handy I'll crack-  that nut for you. When any concern  has spent thousands for advertising  it cannot afford to throw away business iu a species of piratical charges.  Not so with the vendor of a head of  cabbage or a bag of potatoes. He is  restrained by .nothing except "the consents of your pocket.���������Philadelphia  Ledger.  "Papa, when you arc a diplomat  you try to make the other fellow believe everything you say, doir't you?"  "Not exactly, my son. You try to  make him believe just the opposite  of what he thinks you really intend  to say, and even then you are lying  to him."���������Life.  Ef LOSSES SURELY PJOTTE0  S\ by CUTTER'S BLACKLEG FILLS  la A !.ow-prlcc<l,  fresh, reliable;  preferred!)/  western stockmen, because th������j  proloot where ether  -3 vaccines  fall.  fir    Write for booklet and testimonial'. -  10:dos������pKe. Blackleg Pills, $1.00  50-rioSB pkc Blacking Pills, $4.00  Use any Injector, but Cutter's simplest and strongest.  Tlie superiority of Cutter products is clue to over IS  years of spcclall-'ln; In vaccihhs and stoums  ONLY. INSIST.ONCUTTEII'S. If ullobtalnaMaa,  order direct. . #  Tl)������ Cutter Laboratory, Berkeley. California  #  His Share  Officer (to private)���������What the devil are you doing down that slicll-  hole? Didn't you hear mc say wc  were out agairrst four to one?  Gcordic (a trade unionist)���������Ay.  Aa heard you; but aa'vc killed ma  fewer.���������Punch.  "Going to .plant potatoes in your  garden this year?" "I thought I  would, but- when I looked up tha  way to do it I found that potatoes  have to be planted in hills, and our  yard i3 perfectly flat."���������Baltirnora.  American.  a       '    ' .   ���������  Afit,*. 6h������% "'""""iiiiniiiiiMiiiiiiiimiiiiMiH  ���������HiSOr me Tvvo Eyes for a lifetime ������  = RtlrttirinC Afurln'olsforTlrodlSyos. Bed. 2  =   I7IUVIQ9  Kyon-Soro Hyes���������Granulated 3  - i ii i ii i i ������i Hyollrts. Rests���������BofrcBhoa��������� 9  = Restores. Hurl no la a Favorite Treatment tg  **: fur Hires that fool dry and smart. Glr������yonr 3  = Myes as much of your loving care aa your 3  - Teeth anfi with thesamo regularity. q  2 CARE FOR THEM. YOU CANNOT 8Uf NEW ETUI, 9  = Sold at Drug and OpUcal Stores or by M������,IL g  S Atk Murine Ere R������med������ Co,, Chicago, for Frio Book |  .niiiliillllliilMliiiiwiriiiiiiiiiiiMlillliiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiirt  ���������Um:���������  >i������*Mto*4&ZiVim*i I *>*������****trt*Wt>W*W������*)*^^ 'I ���������"��������������� >*>W''->l*W\''H>n*!**'  ���������tea %mm  m?������m  wMSMim?mMmm  HS^i^^^iiiSl  TEE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.     B-   -0.  FOR IN   HIS   HANDS  RESTS THE GREAT DECISION  The Cause of the Allies Depends to a Very Large Extent on the  Production of Abundant^Grops, and Every Effort Should Be  Put Forth to Meet the Situation to the Fullest Extent    s  All roads lead to  the farm.  With  out  the  active   co-operation  of    the  farmer  the  wheels  of industry    that  drive  the. chariots  of war would' be  01-1 tlie scrap-heap and the heel of the  Prussian 'invader on the neck of liberty-loving mankind.  City folk; who  in  normal  times  get  at  least'   three  meals' a day, rarely slop  lo think- of  .  the' part the farm plays  in  ministering  tp- their  wants  and   their    comfort.; Rarely do bankers  or men    of  affairs   give  serious  thought  lo     the  . farmer   apart   from the contribution  .  he .annually makes    to    the    visible  >��������� wealth  of the  community.    Middlemen   take  a  keener  interest  in     the  ��������� food producer, but it is the interest  of men  who  hope, to     reap    where  , others "-have sown. There" arc limes  when, the thoughts of the non-agricultural classes turn to the farm.  When crops fail and prices of food-  , stuffs soar, the people of the towns  ��������� and cities are v,disposcd to attribute  the fault to the farmer. Little effort  is made to' co-ordinate town and  country, to bring producer and consumer into touch, and to obliterate  the lines of cleavage that too often  keep them apart. The "average  townsman is'ignorant of the economics of farming; He canot understand  why the farmer should not always be.  willing^ to raise an abundance of  crops at low prices'. Problems of  labor, transportation, _ marketing facilities, arid market prices, over which  '   the farmer has no control, do'not en-  ��������� ter into his calculations. He Has a  vague idea that Agricultural Departments take-good care of the farmer,  and" see to it that the road between  the farm and the -town is paved not  only with good -intentions, but also  v/ith legislative enactments that make  "It attractive for the farmer to farm  not for a living only, but for a  profit.  . War has restored the city man's  perspective. He now knows that he.  and the .farmer have much in common. Pie sees that both have been  exploited by interested middlemen;  that neither, the farmer nor the consumer has Had a square deal in the  past. Any scheme of reconstruction  that does not free the farmer from  the harassingrestrictions now imposed upon his industry, by lack of facilities- for marketing his products lo  advantage, will be strenuously opposed by the consumer in the city  as well; as by the tiller of the soil.  They railways-, were made for Canada, not Canada for the railways. The  same sound-ethical principle applies  to all the artificial barriers between  the farm and'the town. It is a disgraceful thing'that, at the very mo-  men when the thoughts of patriotic  ���������rheri are turned to ' the problem of  increased food production, men are  gambling-on the Winnipeg market-in  October wheat before the seed has  been put in'the ground. The famine  stares the world; in thejace- unless  food production, is greatly increased  this year, is the 'deliberate conclu-|  aibn of competent authorities who  cannot be regarded  as' mere alarin-  ��������� ists. The American continent, which  is free from tlie .darker';tragedies'-of  war, has a great duty to'fulfill in the  production of surplus crops su'Trcient  to meet the craving necessities of  countries more unfavorably circumstanced."- Under the most favorable  harvesting conditions the' situation  next year will be very grave. The  abnormal influences of war In the  reduction of crop acreage must be  counterbalanced- by - a concentrated  effort on this side of the Atlantic to  avert the appalling suffering and pri-^  vation that threaten the Allied countries through^hc shortage in* foodstuffs. Steps must be taken, . and  quickly, not only to increase the  acreage under crops, but also to provide for the proper marketing- and  distribution of the crops when harvested. Waste must be eliminated  and prices so regulated that the poor  as well as'the rich shall have a fair  share of the  fruits of  the  land.  The appeal today is to the farmer.  In his hands rests the great decision.  It is with no desire to force his hand  or to limit his freedom of action that  the towns and cities arc combining  to co-operate- as far as possible- in  restoring the balance of labor. The  towns "and cities have discovered  when loo late how much the cause  of. the Allies in this war depends on  the farmer. It is in his power to  (strike a staggering blow for. liberty.  He has sent his sons to Ib-c fighting  front; he has giveir Vis money to the  cause" in various ways; he has seen  his hired help recruited for the army  and has not complained. Now, * at  the eleventh hour, he is\iskcd lo do  the impossible���������to produce more  crops. But with him, as with the  lads at the front, the impossible is  the way of duty, of patriotism, of  .sacrifice. Because the task seems Inl  and who turned the barren wilderness into a fruitful, garden.���������Toronto Globe.  Victory Over Wounds  The  Disabled  Soldiers'   Resurrection  to, a New Life of Activity  Canada should be as proud of her  wounded soldiers' victory over ,thcir  wounds as she is of- the glorious  fights in whicii-they fell. Their struggle up from the depths of disablement-1 is often as hard, and even' as"]  heroic, as their desperate-defence of  Yprcs or their dashing capture of the  Vimy ridge.  A preacher on Easter morning was  thanked for���������the inspiring sermon he  had just preached,, on the resurrection. He said: "I had my text sitting  in front of rrie���������a man in khaki, with  an empty sleeve. Pie "has had two  resurrections already. He was buried  by a shell explosion, and was dug  out only'just in time to save his life-  That was the first. He spent-months  in hospital, fighting his way back to  health. That was the second.  "Doctoring and nursing of course  did much for him; so did the exercises and occupations thaL they provide " nowadays���������perhaps the best  part of the treatment. But the man  himself was working out his own resurrection, by resolutely putting his  own will-power into the task. Now  he is almost ready to go out into the  world,  a  better  and  abler  man,    he|  The Farmer and  - The Hired Man  A Good Suggestion For Both Parties  To Consider  Many a western farmer has clamored for hired help, and when he has  got, it, it has ruined him. Labor  has always been scarce in Western  Canada jivilh thoresult that it has  often been able lo demand wages out  of all proportion to its value on the  land. It,is scarcer today than ever it  has been in the-history of the country, and the question arises: '-^What  is going to be. done to put a reasonable limit on the wages of the hired  man?"  Ii he is allowed to put up his services to auction, and close with the  highest bidder, a new rate of pay  will be established that will not readily be relinquished, even when prices  of grain and cattle have dropped to  a normal figure. A dangerous precedent is liable to be set that will spell  the ruin of many of our farmers in  the years  to conic.  There is. the obvious solution that  farmcr.s throughout Western Canada  should get together and fix a standard wage, for skilled'and unskilled  labor respectively, the figures lo be  based on the season of the year. But  this would need a basis of co-opcra  tion that docs not' exist among our  farmers, unhappily, or many evils  they are subject to would speedily be  banished.  ��������� Let us. look at the question from  the hired man's point of view. Per  haps in so doing we' may find' the  answer, remembering that today's  hired man is tomorrow's hired man's  employer.  In the'majority of cases, the farm  laborer is not in Western Canada  merely for a wage. He has his own  ambitions, fortunately for the country, which probably centre on a  homestead which he means to take up  one day, when he has capital enough.  Pie hires himself but meantime,  partly to acquire that necessary capital, partly to gain the no less necessary  experience   of  western   farming  COMPENSATION  FOR ALL WANTON DESTRUCTION  Cool-Headed Justice May Not Gail for Reprisals in Kind, but  Will Certainly Impose Payment for Damage Inflicted, Which  Will Mean Indemnities Running Over Years   o       ' '    Forest and Prairie Fires  'says, than he was before, in spile of j Condit7o7isTwh~errthe que"siiori"oTVdl  his lost arm.  "While the rest of us arc thinking  of a resurrection beyond the grave,  he' has won a resurrection this side  of it,' to a new life of activity and  independence, among his fcllpw-coun-  trymen."  Authentic cases resembling thai  arc not rare in tlie-records of the  Military "Hospitals Commission. Here  arc a, few that have just been communicated to, us:  A mechanic who enlisted in the  Princess Patricia's., 'Regiment was  wounded, returned to Canada, spent  three months in a convalescent hospital, and now earns double his former pair, having taken full advantage  of the mechanical-drawing and arithmetic classes carriecLon there. Writing to the hospital instructor, he  says:  "When I enlisted, I was earning  about $3 a day at my trade. At present, and since my discharge from  military service, I am, technically, a  better man all around; I am able  ������ow to hold a job as foreman in a  machine shop, with' more than twice  Ihe salary I was getting before. .This  benefit to me is greatly due to your  practical information, and my only,  regret is-that. 1 was unable, after my  discharge, to continue instruction  with you as you had advised."  Not every man, ' of course, can  "double his. pay." But one of the  most cheering facts proved by experience during the war has been  this���������that almost all the." disabled.  men, including the very seriously  wounded, can be equipped'once more  with power to earn a good living.  And often, as Lord Shaughncssy  said the other day, the occupations  anil training provided by the Military  Plospitals system "reveal astonishing-  talents which even the man himself  did not know he possessed."  A Long Way From '76  Anglo-Saxon Race Finding Common  Ground on the Defence * '  of Liberty  British-Americans have nursed ever since. '76 the firm belief that tlie  American Revolution was in its basic  principles a just revolution. They  have been proud to remember that in  that great struggle George Washing-'  toir, an 'Englishman, led a nation of  Anglo-Saxons into batllc against the  tyranny of a German king of England. Out of this feeling there has  grown throughout the country a firm-  | founded belief that ultimately . the  ! destinies of the two great Anglo-  j Saxon races would again unite at  j sonre future day iri the defence of  i sonic common caiisc. An American-  British alliance is one of the foremost hopes of such prominent British-Americans'as ViscoUnt Brycc.  We arc a long way from '76, jI when a  British officer organizes in tire United States a regiment of British-born  to fight for the defence of Old Glory.1  Evidently the Anglo-Saxon race has  found once more a common ground  in the defence of liberty.-���������-Baltimore  Star.  wages arises^ he naturally stands out  for every cent he thinks he can de:  tnand. Ahead of him are'months of  rather irksome, and unquestionably  hard work the fruits of which, as he  sees it, can only be reckoned in dollars that will bring him nearer to his  own independence.  This self-centered attitude is equally shared by the farmer, who sees in  the hired man a necessary piece of  human machinery, to whom'so many  dollars a .month must be paid to  crank it up for work.  Now surely these relations between  the farmer and the hired man in" a  country like Western Canada are absolutely wrong. Except in the case  of large farms, employing a number  of hands, and with the result of the  year's work practically guaranteed,  the present system of wages gives  rise, to conditions, diametrically opposed to the best interests of both  farmer and hired man.  . Iri seventy-five cases out of a hundred, better -and more profitable relations -might "be established between  the two, on the following basis  Let the farmer pay the hired man  a minimum salary of say $30 a month  and a bonus on the crop. Instead of  treating the hired man'as a necessary  evil, and as a kind of living mortga^.  on the harvesting* of his wheat, put  him on a partnership basis, and give  him a quarter, a fifth, or a sixth  share .in the farm, the extent of the  interest to be determined by the size  of the crop, the length of his services on the land, and his degree of  capacity and experience. Ah agreement should be drawn up by a local  solicitor, so that tire hired iri an will  know that his interests are properly  protected, and that he is actually part  owner in the forthcoming harvest,  and can collect his share thereof, as  soon as it is threshed.  Such an understanding should redound, to the benefit of both parties.  It would give the hired man a. much  more enviable position, ten times the  interest in his work, and the opportunity to make a substantial slake,  considerably in excess of accumulated wages, by his own labor and initiative. It would give the farmer a  comrade as anxious as himself to  harvest his crops on the most profi'-  ablc basis, and it would ensure that  the land itself paid the man's wage,  according to the yield, which would  seem the right and proper basis of  remuneration.  Saskatchewan Takes Action to Overcome These Scourges  The possibility of preventing darn-  age by forest and prairie" fires in-Saskatchewan will be greatly facilitated  by a new law which has recently  been enacted by the Saskatchewan  legislature. This law prohibits the  setting out.of fires except when certain specified precautions are taken,  and provides for the appointment of  the reeve as chief fire guardian in  each rural municipality. All members  of the .provincial police shall be~fife  guardians, ex officio, under the new  act.  Provision is. made also for the appointment-of fire guardians in unorganized areas. It is lo be anticipated  that the latter provision will pave  the way for co-operation with the  Dominion Forestry Branch, for the  better"protection of areas immediately adjacent to forest reserves. The  new law includes a provision for the  permit system of regulating settlers  slash-burning operations in forest  sections. The enforcement of this  provision, through co-operation with  the' Dominion Forestry Branch, in  the neighborhood of forest reserves,!  will greatly reduce the' danger of'  damage to the forest reserves  through fires coming in" from the  outside. Such'fires have been'a-fruitful source   of damage in the past.  Reports on all (ires are to be made  to the Provincial Fire Commissioner,  who will be in general charge of the  administration of the law.  ,,-Tlre act prohibits the throwing  a\vay of matches, cigars and cigarette stubs, etc., without extinguishing same. It provides also that citizens may be required to light fires  which occur within IS miles in wooded districts, and 6 miles irr prairie  country. ;  Fire guardians arc given authority  to "make arrests for-.-violii.lion of the  act.  Provision-is made also for* the safe  disposal of debris resulting-'..from the  construction of roads, I rails, telegraph or telephone lines, and railways, or from the clearing of land  for other purposes.  The new acL is thoroughly progressive and its enforcement'will'unquestionably go far toward reducing the  forest and prairie fire losses in Saskatchewan.���������C.L.  Great Mineral Wealth  1"   Sclf-Renunciation  In France JofiYe played the part ol"  a great man. He was for two years  the idol of his country, and admired  tire world over. He used to declare  that he cared little about men wli"o  had great military reputations to pre.  servo; he was looking rather for men  who were about to earn great reputations. The day came when he was  asked to accept the principle as applied to himself���������he was asked to  stand aside with the great, reputation  he had won, and make way for General Nivelle  General Tofffc was equal to It. He  stepped aside.-He did not get angry  and go into politics, but kept on do-  Fond Hope ting whatever was required" of him.  ���������  ,. ,r       , , .     Ill the story of General Tollrc is any-  Pathcr���������\ou   have    been     running. thjn������  likc what ;t  is  popuiar]y  sup.  ������������������- . . .       ahead of your allowance, Robert ,;cl t    bc hc win be a fi        fi     'c  possible he will face it m the spirit.     Son���������I know it, dad.     T'vc    beenlfn history, not orrly for what he did,  of these epacioustimes^. Pie will face* hoping for a Jong trmc that the al-|but for thc spirit in which he made  for     his     successor.���������Toronto  ���������Jt in the spirit of Iris forebears, whollowancc would strengthen up enough[ ^-ay  /reclaimed the waste places of Canada1 to overtake me.���������Boston Transcript- j Star.  Mineral Wealth of British Columbia  Could Take Care of British War Debt  There are enough minerals in Canada not only to pay ihe war debt of  the Dominion but of the whole ���������Empire. The mineral wealth of Canada  is like that which was found in the  LTral mountains from which the grand  duke's in Russia secured fabulous fortunes, and it would not be surprising  if the Rockies are not a portion of  the same formation and connected  by a dip below the sea. This is how  the Marquis of Qucensbury, one of  the leading authorities on ruining  matters, spoke recently at Winnipeg  on his way from British "Columbia to  'England, ��������� intending to interest -*api-  talists there in some of the new  claims he has staked in the Canadian'  West. The people of Canada, Ik* declares, need have no fenr about tho  war debt, as thc mineral wealth of  British Columbia alone could take  care of that and also of the debt of  Great Britain. He has travelled, in  every clinic- and tongue and hi.- con-/  elusion is that Canadians do net. realize the real value of their heritage  in the .matter of natural rcsorrces.  Some of the greatest mining i*.-.*.mps  the world has ever seen, lie say.-, will  be seen there before the next c'-*'.*adc  has passed. Hc has secured ten  square miles of mineral country on  Porchcr Island, which he proposes  to offer to the home government- on  condition that they establish a smelter there. The marquis says he is  surprised that more Canadians do not  go in for this branch of study, especially those who have interest in geology. Most of the prospectors now  in the field, he says, have an eye for  only thc commonest ores and let ihe  most valuable, ones go untouched . ���������  If there is left in the world any  principle of justice, the Germans  must pay for the wanton devastation  they are making in France. It is It*.  vain that their dispatches plead military necessity. Law and custom of  the civilized world limit such necessity. An army may destroy, houses  and villages which, hinder the use of  a particular terrain. Such right, however, is properly exercised only when  a battle is imminent. There, is no  warrant for destroying a whole region, on the off chance that battles  will bc fought somewhere within its  limits. In brutality ravaging one of  the fairest portions of France, the  Germans are consistent with their  record in  Belgium and Poland.  Their cruel and ignoble policy has,  of course, its base in their theory  of thc conduct of war. Other nations  expect to win by the impressions  their troops make on' lire armed foe.  Germany expects to" win by striking  terror into helpless 'non-combatants.  She hoped to hasten victory by sacking-Aerschot, Dinant, Louvain, and  scores of hapless villages. ' She now  hopes to make the cost of driving her  back intolerably heavy by creating 'a.  wilderness as she withdraws. How.  shall such a nation'be dealt with in"  defeat?  The danger is some casual recourse to lex talionis,. The time is  not too far distant ' when reprisals  for Louvain could be made in tha  lovely cities of thc Rhine. Til's  Drachenfels might, pay for the. demolished castle of Coucy. Such  vengeance would be just, but mistaken. Cool-headed justice would  impose simply payment for damage  inflicted, and indemnities running  over years, and reminding children  of the sins of their fathers would be  a far more exemplary retribution,  than reprisals in kind.  If this view is correct, it has a  distinct bearing on the peace terms.  As a preliminary to uegotiEtions,  Germany should be required to surrender Hamburg and Bremen. It is  only through possession of the great  custom houses of the empire... that  there can be any certainly of collecting the vas.t 'indemnities'-' which  Germany will'owe. The custom  houses should'be held until' the.guarantees for payment arc adequate. It  would be an exemplary act ��������� if the  entente allies should commit thc estimate of indemnity lo an impartial  tribunal, as The Hague court. Nothing would more strengthen the principle of international' arbitration.���������  Prof. F.J. Mather, of Princeton, in  New,York Times.  New Elevators  Food Profiteers Are Traitors  Thc monopolist who exacts unreasonable prices from the Caiuuiian  public for necessaries of life just because war conditions enable him to  do so is just as effectively a traitor  as the munition maker who robs the  government in a deal for war supplies. Jt amounts to the same thing���������  the* weakening of national strength,at  a time when to weaken it is a crime.  The. food profiteer deserves the same  punishment as the munitions profiteer���������and both of them deserves a  good deal more, than they seem at  all likely to get',���������From the Edu'on-  A Strinff  of Forty Elevators, to  Bs  Erected in Alberta This  Year  Elevator companies are planning to  construct this spring a large number  of new storehouses in Alberta. The  Alberta Farmers' Co-operative company counts on putting' up forty elevators in the province before thc 1917  crop is ripe, to reach from the'Peace  River to thc southern boundary. Already 36 sites hive been secured, and  negotiations are under way for the  remainder. -'All railway- lines .arc being treated _ impartially, and new  structures will appear this year on  practically every branch line in the  province. The total cost of the elevators i3 placed roughly at $350,000,  and the capacity pf the. structures  will run all the way from- 35,000.to  65,000 bushels each. Thc buildings  will bc planned much the same' as  those already in use by this company,  with all modern handling and storing  facilities.  Placing the average storage capacity of these elevators- at 40,000 bushels, thc total additional capacity  which will be provided by this company for thc 1917 crop will- be.1,600,-  000 bushels. Work is to be c.oninienc.-.  ed at once, and about-150-mcn will he  employed.      ���������  Rcsposibility of the Professors  It is the professors who arc ,mosV  responsible for Germany's failure lo  understand1 the psychology of other  peoples or, for that matter, to recognize that psychology calls for common-sense in its practitioners. The  German people and thc German government have been filled up by 'the  professors with generalizations based  on no facts at all or no facts unil-  luminatcd by the teachings of coni-  mon-sensc. Coupled with the fundamental generalization oF. the Teuton "race" as the darling of dest inland, evolution went the generalization of France as a degenerate, nation that could not fight, of England  as a shopkecping nation that would  not 'fight, of Russia as a scmi-besUal  nation that might bc left out of account except when needed as a  bugaboo, for. Socialists.���������From the  New York Evening Post.  _������_-������**.^Ji3*it������������������-.  ,...z...... -'   -������  ���������  ���������   v.l--  W    ���������'���������>.  *yv;* %���������."~"i\!*\:; **������\V*3,.���������*���������*��������������� ?>  -���������i~-   ***r * "* r, j*   ~ _  *'* ��������� - ,'j *^"~ '**"  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  A Canadian  Trench Raid  Enemy Would Rather Face Anything  Than the Canadians  Thc Germans'>-'h'avevadmitted at  last that when it comes to- a direct  attack upon their trenches, they  would sooner have any other force  against .them than the Canadians.  They possess a furiousriess, united  to a coolness of action, that entirely  disconcerts them.. In its reports/the  Canadian War Records office describes one of these recent raids upon  the enemy, which amply bears out  the verdict of the enemy. Stripped of  all verbiage the account is as, follows:  '. : ���������'..,-��������� ���������  Our cdutner-blow was delivered at  an early hour the following morning. Several parties took part in the  operation. Under cover of ah intense  artillery barrage the attacking parties  formed up outside our wire enfagle-  ments, and then advanced against the  enemy trenches on a frontage of over  600 yards, including the well-known  and strongly-fortified-position known  as "The Pimple."    y  The-^Germans for the. most part  v ere still cowering in their dug-outs  when bur men poured into the trenches. On the left, there was a strong  resistance from the direction of. the  Triangle, the Germans attempting to  bomb down to the assistance of the  garrison directly attacked. However,  the party detailed to protect the flank  held firm, and thus permitted another  party to penetrate across several,lines  of trenches to a < depth of about 700  yards. Any Germans who resisted  were quickly shot or, bayonctted,  and many dug-outs from which the  cuemy refused to emerge were  bombed and then destroyed by portable charges. Nobody was left  alive in the whole area over which  our attack was spread. ^  Sappers and pioneers who. accompanied the raid located three large  mine shafts, which they completely  wrecked. The enemy retaliation wai  directed in part upon his own frontline. We remained in possession of  the German trenches for nearly an  hour and finally withdrew, taking with  us 47 prisoners of the llth Bavarian  Regiment, including one officer and  two N.C.O.'s.  U. S. Senator Makes Good  On Saskatchewan Farm  Interesting Story of How Wealth Is  Quickly Attained in Western Canada  '._ Can a man start life over again at  sixty, or thereabouts and "'make  good" in a new occupation under  strange conditions? That is the question former United States Senator  Burnell, of Massachusetts, found  himself called upon to face when his  physician told him he could no longer follow his life-career of railway  man. How Senator Burnell answered  that question reads like a romance,  and may interest others who, with the  best part of their life gone, find them,  selves confronted,with broken health  or financial circumstances * that demand a radical change of profession.  Senator Burnett's story is told in a  recent issue of "The Nor'-Wes t  Farmer,"-ah agricultural/paper published at Winnipeg, Manitoba.    He,is  Ll?SHn���������'K^^T���������*h<, haVC ?u-(eres for thc breakfast table but also  To Increase Production  On Dry Land of Prairies  Lethbridge      Experimental     Results  Have Revealed Two Methods  How  to   apply  stable   manure >. on  land    to    obtain   the  best   results  in  the drier regions  of the  prairie is a  problem not always well understood.  The most convenient lime to  haul  manure is in the late fall, or during  the winter and early spring when  it.  is  impossible   to  work  on   the   land.  --   On account of our dry climate    the  manure is apt to be coarse and dry.  If this is ploughed under and a  crop  is  put  in  at  once,  the    results    are  almost   certain   to   be    disappointing,  because,  owing  to   the  trashy  condition of the manure, the soil is   held  tco open and dries out rapidly.   The.  manure   so' applied   is   only ..-partially  rotted by fall, for the growing crop  has kept the soil so dry that proper  decomposition has    been    prevented.  Thus/instead of the-manure being an  asset,.it has -really been a  detriment  lo the first crop.  From the experiments  carried    on  at the Lethbridge station in this connection, it has been found that there  arc    two    methods  of applying    the  manure  to  land   that invariably  give  satisfactory results.      Tire  first, and  probably the most satisfactory method,  is  to apply  the  manure  on  land  that is  to  be  summerfallowed,  hauling it  any  time  that is    convenient  during  the  previous   fall, .winter    or  ���������spring,  for  after it  is turned  under,  while the land is being ploughed for  fallow to a depth  of seven  or eight  inches,  it  has .plenty of  chance     to  rot during  the  summer, and  becom.;  v/ell incorporated iri the soil.  Should  there be    weeds or volunteer    grain  conic   from   thc   manure    they   , will  naturally be    killed    by    the  surface  cultivation    given     to    thc     fallow.  Manure  in   dry   soils   not    only    increases   the  plant   food,  but  adds   to  the humus which increases  the soil's  capacity  to. retain     moisture.       The  same  method   should  he  followed   in  applying  manure   to    the    vegetable  garden,   i.e.,   it   should be   ploughed  under and thc land should be allowed  to remain  fallow thc same as  for  fie'd crops, the only difference beinj*  that a neavier application of manure  may be   given,     ft   is   not  advisab.'e.  lo  apply manure on  land  that is   '.o  be ploughed and put into vegetables  thc  same   season;   in   fact,  tire    011I3'  way this  can be done without undc-  sitable  results   is*-- to   use  very    well  rotted material and give only a light  dressing.  Another place  where manure    can  bo  applied  to  advantage is on  grass  lands.    It has been    found    that    a  mulch    of   any    kind applied    to the  grass  meadow  in    the    fall    is  very  beneficial, due in a large measure to  the  winter protection    afforded    the  plants. Manure applied to grass land  so applied,  thc    winter _ snows    and  spring rains  will   pack  it  enough   to  make it lie so close to the soil tlrat  little, if any, will rake up when the  hay crop is  being cut  the following  summer.    This  fall . application    of  manure i3 particularly recommended  for all kinds of grasses, but it is also  beneficial to alfalfa.  only found health and success on the  broad fields of Western Canada, but  arc, by their own enterprise and culture, contributing to the country of  their adoption those solid qualities  which,make for an enduring civilization. His story is well' told in his  own words:  'T am American born, the son of a  farmer," said Mr. Burnell, "and.it is  strange how later in life one will turn  again to the employment of his boyhood, particularly if forced to    drop  his life work as I  was.     I left    the  farm and took Up railroading, and in  1S69  was  station  agent in    a    small  town in Maine.    In 1876 I was transferred to a station in New Hampshire,  where I remained 27 years.    In 1900  and  1901  I  was  elected  to  represent  my  town  in   thc  state  legislature  at  Concord, and in  1903 was  elected as  senator for the fifth senatorial district  of  New Hampshire.    From  1903  till  1914 I  was  agent in a large city for  a railroad in  Massachusetts;  the last  fifteen months of my service 1 worked  about 455  days   without    a    rest,  which brought on a complete nervous  breakdown.      My    physician ordered  absolute  rest���������to  go  on    a    chicken  ranch  or something like  that in  the  country where it would be quiet and  without   nervous   strain.     But   I   kad  heard  of  the   Canadian  west and  its  broad   wheat   fields,  arrd   the  idea  of  raising  wheat appealed    to    mc.      I  came to Saskatchewan and purchased  a half-section  of C.P.R.     land  near  Asquith  and   Dunrferline   stations -on  the    C.N.R.     and    C.P.R.,    a_bout  twenty miles  cast of Saskatoon. ~~ I  had building's  erected and   took  possession April 1st in 1914.    My capital  consisted of about $2,000 in  cash.   I  purchased an outfit Consisting of four  good horses and such implements as  were' necessary, and broke 100 acres,  getting it ready for cropping in 1915-  The following year I rented another  quarter and bought a new horse outfit, putting in two hundred and thirty  acres  of  crop.     I  also    broke     one  hundred acres more oniny own place  and got it ready for  the  1916  crop.  My crop  in   1916 consisted  of about  two  hundred  acres  all  on  my    own  place.    Thc two crops I have  raised  totalled just about $10,000 to me.    J  have paid off all my indebtedness, and  have a good balance on hand.    Outside of the half section with buildings  and mostly all  under,  cultivation     1  have ten good horses and all the machinery needed to farm my half section of land, including    a    threshing  outfit'.     My  salary  on    thc   railroad  Poultry and Eg-jr Production! A Yankee Who Warn King  A Plan for the Assistance and    Encouragement  of   Urban  Poultry Keepers  The present year will see a great  increase in the number of urban poultry keepers- The almost prohibitive  prices of eggs and poultry during the  past winter have caused many ��������� consumers to seriously consider the home  production of these very irecessary  and useful commodities. It is important" also that any efforts put  forth in this direction result satisfactorily.  Many difficulties present themselves in attempting to rear chickens  successfully on a small city lot. Experience has shown that the best way  for urban poultry keepers to enter the  poultry business is by thc purchase of  pullets in the fall. Well-matured  pullets are the most reliable winter  egg, producers and if well cared for  will riot only produce plenty of fresh  return a reasonable profit on the expenditure entailed.  Ordinarily, well-nraturcd'pullets arc  rather scarce and difficult to obtain in  the  fall of the- year.    It is believed,  however, of the matter were taken up  systematically by poultry associations  that the difficulty could be overcome,  and, incidentally, serve as a means of  increasing interest in the poultry industry.    Practically every large town  and city has its local poultry association.    It is suggested that each association give some publicity to the suitability of  thrifty,   well-matured    pullets for profitable winter egg production arrd advertise the fact that    the,  association  is  prepared  to   constitute  itself a medium  to arrange for    the  hatching and rearing of pullets ' this  ^spring and for their delivery in    thc  "fall.     It could be announced that orders  would     be    taken    during    the  month  of April and the first part of  May. i All those desiring pullets    in  this way could bc required to join.the  association and make a small deposit  covering thc number required.  The association' could then make  such arrangements as'might be necessary with nearby co-operative associations, farmers and breeders for the  growing of the pullets, a minimum  price to be decided upon for thc different breeds and varieties- In the  fall these could be assembled at some  central depot in each locality and  the distribution made in time to permit of the proper housing of thc  stock in permanent winter quarters  before the severe weather set in, say  by the last of October.  In order that greater effectiveness  may bc given to this proposal, the  Dominion Live Sotck Branch is prepared to extend, to all associations  qualifying under these provisions, the  same assistance that is given to associations  desiring to     purchase    other,  kinds of pure bred live stock, namely.   thc payment of reasonable  travelling W/jjmati Comillt?  Truth Is Again Proved to be More  Strange Than Fiction  A monument was erected a few  weeks ago to the memory of a dead  monarch.'It was just a simple pole,  carved grotesquely and stuck in thc  ground like a fence post, but it rc-|  presented a world of sentiment to  those who raised it.  Strange as it may seem, the dead  monarch to whorrr thc honor had  been paid by loyal subjects was a  Yankee, a former sea captain who  had imposed his welcome authority  on a half civilized nation and had  been accorded fealty in  return.  "Thc dead monarch was formerly  Capt. -Welsbarth, adventurer", "black-  birder" and sailor,. extraordinary,"  says the San Francisco Chronicle.  "Forty years ago he went to San  Francisco from Maine as mate in an  American clipper ship. He reship-  ped for Australia and then into the  South Seas on a trading expedition.  ��������� "Ten years later he came back with  a belt full of gold and bought a saloon on the San Francisco waterfront. He' presided behind thc bar  a year and then, tiring of a sedate  life ashore, sold his saloon to his  bartender for $10, and with the la-  tonic remark, 'This is no life for ' a  white man,' sailed as a passenger for  Tahiti. There he outfitted a little  sailing sloop for trading.  "Afterward, it was rumored, he became a 'black-birder' recruiting' by  doubtful means Polynesian natives  for delivery to plantation owners in  Hawaii and other islands. In 1890 he  put intb Tabiteuea, in the Gilbert  group, and there he met Princess  Teoti, daughter of the'native chieftain. They fell in love and were  married by tribal ceremony and later  by a Christian missionary in Honolulu.  "Afterward Capt. Wclsbarth quit  black-birding and confined himself lo  trading. Until 15 years ago he made  annual trips to San -Francisco always  accompanied by his wife. Then hi  quit roving and settled down in Plon-  olulu.  "In 1914 his wife learned her father had died-and that she had inherited the rulership of the isle. The Eng.  lish, who had taken over the group  in the meantime asked her '" to return to keep the natives pacified.  Capt. __ Welsbarth built the little  schooner Teoti���������named for his wife  ���������and they sailed for Tabiteuea. Mrs-  Welsbarth became Queen Teoti and  her. husband was known as king.  "Early last month the little trading-  steamer Kestel put into Tabiteuea  and learned that Capt. Wclsbarth  had died there a month earlier vof  fever. The natives erected a monument in his memory, which was plac  ed beside others reared to their'nil  ers for thc last five centuries "  Women and  War Work  expenses, during the time required to  conclude the purchase and transport  of the stock to destination, of representatives of associations, in any section of Canada, desiring to purchase  pullets in lots of 300 or more. Should  it be desired, the Live Stock Commissioner will also nominate a suitable person who will be directed to  accompany this representative and  assist him as far as possible in the  selection and shipping of the pullets.  In the general interests of the poultry industry throughout the Dominion and thc urgent need this   year for  Into Their Own  Says  i. a large surplus for export to Great  Britain, it is hoped that as many asso.  ciations as possible will take advantage of this proposition. All associations desiring to become active in this  direction are requested to write the  Live Stock Commissioner, Ottawa, at  once for further advice and instruction in the matter.  averaged from $20 per month at first   increased  production     of    eggs    and  to $100 per month at last;  my  crop/ poultry and  the releasing thereby  of  this  year  netted  me  over $600    per  month  for-- the   entire   year's     operations."  - The West, and particularly Western Canada, is so often spoken-of as  trie country of young men, that it is  refreshing, particularly to those who  have passed . the half century mark,  to learn that the age at which a man  must make room in factory or office  for younger blood is not too old to  start life anew on the prairies, with  the prospect of not only material  success but additional years of vigor  and usefulness. The story of -Ex-  Senator Burnell can no doubt be duplicated in many other experiences. It  stands out as a reminder tlrat nature  draw*s no age limit on a man so long  as he has enterprise and courage.  Rations and Health  Expense Account of   Czar  Revealed  The Russian provisional government, following a demand hy thc  council of workmen and soldier deputies, lias decided to confiscate the  lands and monasteries of the late imperial family.  A list of the expenses of the imperial family, never permitted to be  discussed in the duma, has been published, the correspondent reports.  Over $20,000,000 a year of it was  made up by direct state contributions. Among the items are: $600,-  000 for automobiles and for the imperial stud; $250,000 for hunting; $1,-  000,000 for court  ceremonies; $1,000,-  000 for the    imperial    household    at  1 sarskoe-Selo.  The New Styles  He���������The styles in women's clothes  are scandalous.  She���������Don't  worry,, dear,  change before you get    me  Judge.  They'll  any.���������  Bored  First Professional Charity  er. (to second ditto)-���������I'm  awfully bored this  morning  Yes?    So   am   1.     Let's  mind someone's  business.  Work-  fe^ling  go    and  The Soldier Relies on an Abundant  Supply of Good, Pure Water  Last  September   General   Haig  instituted   enquiry   into   thc  feeding of  the  troops.     With   experts  from  the  War Office the bread, meat,    butter,  tea,  coffee  arrd  cocoa,  etc., were examined oir the spot.    On thc    whole,  the commission-, reported   favorably,  and satisfied themselves that the methods of inspection could not be very  well    improved      upon.      Standards,  quantities, arrd freshness of    delivery  however,  were  revised,    with, the result   that    officers    and    doctors  are  unanimous in declaring tlrat the care  with   which  rations  are  handled    accounts for the splendid health of the  troops.     Simultaneous   with   this,  attention  was  paid   to  the water  question, and it is interesting to note what  a,soldier- has to say on the "dry" liquid at the front.    "There is no drink  that  a soldier   . relishes    more    than  good, clean, pure water.   When one's  pluck  has  to  be. got  level    with    a  stabbing affair,   anything    that     will  give  you  ginger,for  the job  is   pardonable,  but   week   in   and  week   out  the soldier  loves  his  water.       Since  the beginning of  the  year the  water  has not only improved but is  served  with more expedition, and every one  has a  good   word   to  say about    thc  water-wagon."  No  Idle   Women in    Europe,  Mary Boyle O'Reilly  "Women are coming  own today. This war has raised the  standard of women," Miss- Mary  Boylc -O'Reilly told the women of  the-New England Press association  the other day. Miss O'Reilly, thf,  daughter of John Boyle O'Reilly, has  Just returned from Europe,- where  she had been a war correspondent  since September,  1914.  "I was assigrred a ruther broad territory when I went abroad," sire said  "The continent of Europe was my  siamping ground���������England, France,  Belgium, Scandinavia, Russia a.nd  Poland were included in my district.  "You know little about your sisters  on the oilier side of the ocean today  There are three million women  working in .overalls in England. No  woman over there would dare be  idle; poverty is no disgrace. No  longer dp the 'women bf Europe consider thc fasnions. There are forty  millions in Europe without homes  and the'women recognize their duty  and are doing it.  "No matter who are doing th-;  f.ghting, in every land that I visited  the armies always had the women to  speed them up, and out of this awful chaos we will'see a noble type of  woman rise as it were from the dust,  and as thc prayer of Poland would  say, 'O, Lord, let that dust be free.' "  ���������Boston  Globe.  More Than 30,000 British Women in  Auxiliary Corps -,  More than thirty thousand Englishwomen have volunteered to form  an auxiliary army corps for service  in France. Within forty-eight hours  aflcr^the scheme was first announced  thousands of applications had been  received arrd'sacks of letters arc still  pouring into the headquarters of the-  movement at St. Ermin's hotel.   ,  The women are to bciscnt in groups'  of two hundred.across the Channel,  and it is expected that-at least-five  thousand will, work near the firing'  lines. Before any of them are -sent, ���������  three weeks training is required in  England. -   , ...  - The immense success of the movement  so   far proves .that' if  "British  -  women had  been  organized    at    the   ���������  outbreak of the war, as the best feminine intellects   of the-* country   "de-   .  ���������-.landed, the present economic  situa- '  tion of the country might.be substantially different.       -  The first aim is to" secure women  with skilled hands." They-are wanted not merely in .'France, but in Britain also: The chief demand is for  women mechanics, motor'car drivers,  cooks, stenographers, waitresses,  packers arrd telephone operators,'  milkers, shepherdesses, haymakers,  horsekeepcrsj" cowkcepers, ' market  gardeners and harvesters'/  All the women enrolled are to be  -���������asked to hold themselves ready'for  service both in France and England.  1 hose going to FYance receive-* a  short preliminary "training in England,  including elementary' instruction "in  -hygiene and discipline. Unskilled  workers arc taught the rudiments 'of  a trade sufficient to enable them to  serve with  the skilled labor;  The pay varies according" to the  duties, the minimum being $5* weekly, with fourteen cents an hour for  overtime, which is rather below the .  current rates. Twenty dollars is  given each woman to provide a,uniform, consisting of a khaki tunic'and  trousers, high boots and sombrero,  hats. A grarrt of $25 is made at the "  end of the second year-  If  the  pay  is  low, it    is    scarcely  likely to deter enrollment,  for practically   every   applicant" expresse's     a  keen   desire   to  be'allowed   to   assist,  the army in France. Many state they  arc  proud  to  be asked  to  help  their  men folk near the field of battle. Al- -  though  they  are   not likely    to     get'   ' -  nearer than  forty milcsfrom the firing  lirre,  thc   sentimental     consideration is creating wonderful enthusiasm  among  the    volunteers.���������New    York  Tribune-  Growing: Rice in Peru  In two coast departments of Peru,  the cultivation of rice claim.*, attention of the greater part of the inhabitants. The land is fertile, there  is an abundance of water, arrd the climate is favorable. About 60,000  acres in these two departments are  cultivated, giving an average yield of  about 1,500 pounds an acre. It is  estimated that the total production  in these and other provinces "will  reach 40,000 metric tons in 1915-16.  The quality is said, to be unexcelled,  and it finds a market in other countries as  well as at  home.  . Perhaps the briefest funeral ora-  ' tion ever delivered was that of an  I old negro of    Mississippi    over    the    ��������� body of another of his race who had  ��������� borne a very bad reputation.    Lifting  Judge    (to    old-timer)���������I    haven't! his  hat and  looking down upon  the  seen you here for six months. That's: coffin, the old fellow said in solemn,  pretty good for you. ''funeral  tones:  "Sam    Viser,    yo'    is  Prisoner���������I've been sU4*. -.-bed, yerjgone.     We hopes  yo' is gone whar  honor- 'we 'sheets yo' hain't."  Pioneer Days Nearly Ov.er  Different    Localities    Will    Develop  Their Own Type of Products  The pioneering days of the world  are drawing to a close, according to  Dr. F.F. Wesbrook, president of the  University of British Columbia, who  into theirJ addressed the Western Canada Irrigation Association at theirJast. convention on Agricultural Education in  British  Columbia.  "The time has come lo plan -definitely for utilizing our lands in perpetuity," said Dr. Wesbrook. "It is  ���������no longer easy, after having exhausted one piece of-land, to sell out and  move on- p'rom now on, we may expect to see different localities-in this  country, as in Europe, . developing  each its own type of cereals, fruits  and other crops arrd in addition' definite and wholly desirable strains of  livestock, which shall be known  throughout the world as produced by  and peculiar to those localities. We  shall look forward to our analogues  of Clydesdales, Percherons, Shropshire.*, Holsteins, Jerseys, Befkshires,  and other strains.  -��������� "This is'an'ambition-':-, yet- to be  achieved. It is only possible when  year after year, generation after, generation, and century after century,  the knowledge acquiredby the father  is passed on to the son and the desired goal is reached not alone through  careful selection of the-animals, but  through careful selection, training  and encouragement'of-the- men who  seek  thus  to  glorify   their  calling.  "The pioneer liked elbow room,  but elbow room will soon be hard to  find- Individualism grew rampant.  Ihe pioneer's problems were his physical and biological and not his human environment. . We.shall hope  for the-perpetuation of individuality  and for thc growth of personal* freedom. Such personal liberty for  which every one should be' ready to  fight, is the individual's^ right to  serve, and not his right to impose his  V'ill ruthlessly upon another. We  are face to face with the relation of  the individual to the mass. We can  no longer think and plan in terms of  individual, of community, of state or  of nation, but in terms of world.  This is the natural and incvitabla  evolution.      - ���������-  "Wc may expect to see specialization, increase instead of decrease.  Our social complexities have increased with our scientific.' and economic  progress. Specialization brings greater mutual dependence < and greater  danger of individual and group isolation. Group co-operation and co-ordination have not kept pace with  progress in the various special lines.  The two safeguards upon which we  must rely are our educational and  governmental mechanisms*"  I  ������������������j* n^n.-,*������������rv>aa rjrt<a>* THE      GAZETTE,      KEDLEY,      B.  !.>���������  Britain Has New  War Invention  !}������������������  Stokes    Gun     Discharges-   Accurate  'and Deadly Flight of Bombs  One of the commonest fallacies at  the beginning of_thc war and for a  long time after-was that the Germans  possessed -all thc inventive genius  among the combatants. The Germans themselves 'thought so , and  continued to 'say so every possible  ,. occasion        ��������� * > -  Now, however, that legend is exploded. The Germans know that  England has beaten her at her own  game. The giant howitzers that bat-  ' - tered down the Liege and Namur  forts have been equalled and surpassed' by the products of thc English  gun -factories, the German poison  gas and liquid fire have been better-  ��������� cd'both by the. English and French  - and  the  British  tanks  have "brought  -terror.to the hearts of the Germans.  New guns,, new shells and new appliances of all kinds bear testimony  to the inventiveness'of the British  brain and the capacity of the British  workshop".        -  .One of thc ..latest, death dealing devices to "appear in-'the front line in  France is the Stokes gun. It has  been only vaguely described by the  war   correspondents, .for   the   reason,  - of course, that detailed description is  -forbidden.    The Germans    know -to  their; cost-df its-existence,~but- they  do not know how the gun is made  nor h"ow it' works so that the* references to it must be more or less  vague. One of the correspondents  referring to it the other day said:  - "It sends up into the air, " like a  group of lead pencils, a flight of  bombs which sail down on to, their  ���������objectives with deadly accuracy and  a terrific explosive effect." Another  ���������correspondent .writes of the "corus-  -cations.of a hail of Stokes bombs  most awe-inspiring both in appearance and effect."  -The invento'r of the gun and , the  bomb.it fires is Air. Wilfred Stokes,  who lives at Ockham in Surrey, '"and  who is chairman of an engineering  firm al Ipswich. When asked how he  ���������came -to invent the gun Mr. Stokes  >aid: "A friend of mine came back  from France and told mc he was  convinced that this war was a battle  of wits' and that the side, which could  produce the most . effective death-  dealing machines would win.  . "I am a peaceful man and had  ���������never wished to invent a gun .J-hat  would so much as lift an eyebrow,  *bul this idea just came to me after  what my friend had said. A good  ���������deal of experimenting, chiefly on iny  own ground at Ockham, ended in.the  production of the present gun, thc  chief characteristics of which are  simplicity," lightness and quickness  in  firing."  Comparison of  .    ,  The Two Blockades  Dogs and Cats in War  Are Put to Good Use in Ridding the  Camps of Rodents  Hundreds of cats and - thousands  of dogs are now serving their countries at the front. The canines have  a wide range of duties, according to  breed and size. Sledge dogs are used  in transporting supplies over the  mountains in the winter months, and  big Belgian dogs also draw machine  guns. The Red. Cross.has hundreds  of -four-footed assistants who search  out the wounded in the "No Man's  Land"between the trenches. Terriers and spaniels also have important duties to perform in freeing the  trenches .of the swarms of rats "which  infest them. The cats "do their-bit"  in the . various storehouses back of  the front, where the mice would  work great damage if left alone.  The demand for - cats as -mouse  catchers and for dogs as rat catchers  is greater than the supply. From  all '��������� over France cats have been shipped to the front to conserve the pri-  cious food . supply from the ravages  .. f rodejrts. -.Country-cats are���������:���������' preferred  to city cats for this purpose.  In <the early "months of'���������trench warfare the trenches swarmed with  rats,- but this problem has. now been  solved by the French military authorities. They announced that each  pilou fetching a rat catching dog to  the .trenches would be rewarded by  two days' additional leave of absence  on his next permission. Since that  order Was issued every soldier who  visits his home makes it a point to  find a terrier or a spaniel to take, back  to the front with him. Each owner  of such a dog is also entitled to "a  small sum for each rat killed and the  fortunate owner of an ambitious can-  ine is greatly envied by his comrades.  The dogs and cats who serve their  country in this way are favorites with |  the soldiers, and they find life easy  and agreeable, with lots of sport and  plenty to cat. Fido has only to bark  or Puss to mew to induce the'polius  to divide up their food.  Germany's    Methods     of     Blockade  Never Had a Shadow of  , Validity  The difference between the British  and German blockades is easily stated and in a few-words. The British  blockade is physical and effective,  and therefore valid against international law; it is directed against contraband cargoes and not against the  lives of neutrals; and it. is conducted  under the legal sanction of the prize  courts-, The German blockade, or  rather its declaration of intention 10  blockade, makes no pretense to observe the rules prescribed in the Declaration' of Paris, to which Prussia  was a subscriber in 1856. It proposes  ���������not to establish a cordon -around  British ports and seize and condemn  as prizes ships that try to enter with  contraband cargoes but to loose submarines over, wide areas of thc high  seas and sink indiscriminately -.and  without warning the ships of all nations found within such zones. The  crews of such vessels are to*-have no  chance for their lives and their, owners no chance to establish their rights  in prize courts-   >"  The German declaration.is- recent  enough to beremembered. It is summed up in the one sentence, "All  ships met within the zone will bc  sunk." - Thc British declaration of  blockade made in a note to this government March 15,- 1915, probably is  not so well remembered, particularly  in minds "seeking to justify" the  American course, and it may be well  to repeat its terms- Sir Edward  Grey wrote:  "The government of Great Britair*  has frankly declared, in concert with  the government of France, its intention to meet the German attempt to  stop all supplies of every kind from  leaving or entering British or French  ports by themselves stopping supplies going to or from Germany. For  this purpose the British fleet- has instituted a blockade, effectively con-  j trolled by cruiser cordon'all passages  to or from -Germany by sea. The  differences between the two policies  is, however, that, while our object is  the same as that of Germany, we propose to attain it without sacrificing  neutral ships or non-combatant lives-  or inflicting upon neutrals the damage that must be entailed when a  vessel -and its cargo are sunk -without  notice, examination or trial. I must  emphasize again that'this measure is  a natural and necessary consequence  of thc unprecedented methods, re  pugnant to all law and morality,  which have been described above, and  which Germany began to adopt at  the very outset, of the war, and the  effects of which have been "constantly  accumulating."  Germany's methods of blockade  never had the shadow of validity,  and as much was tacitly admitted  when the German government announced that it -would abandon them  after the sinking of the Sussex-; The  American government had then notified the German government that the  continuance, of diplomatic relations  was dependent upon that abandonment. Now, after nearly a year, the  German government serves notice of  the withdrawal of its pledge and its  purpose to resume, without restriction, its illegal and inhumane methods of sea warfare. The United  States took the only action it could  take under its former notice, and is  not only "toting fair," as between the  combatants, but with its own citizens,  whose lives and property - were  threatened������������������Kansas City Times.  Seeding: Down To Grass  of  One of the Very Best Methods  Combating Weed Trouble  The difficulty of securing sufficient  help on the farms to work the fields  under cultivation; the increasing scarcity of native.grasses in many districts', due to. the land being broken  up,' together'with a realization by  many farmers of-the fact that seeding  down to grass is one of the best  methods of combating weeds, arc  creating quite a demand for information on methods of seeding down.  Experiments have been conducted  on the Scott Station, at Scott, Sask.,  to determine the best kinds of grasses  to grow, and the" best methods to  adopt in seeding down. Western  Rye Grass has been found to give  slightly heavier yields of hay, than  does timothy or Brome grass, particularly in the second and third crops.  It is equal in feeding value and makes  a more dependable grass for hay purposes.  Brome grass has.proven to be one  of-the best pasture grasses, providing,'as it does, pasture for a long per.  iod each season-. It should not be  sown on heavy soil, except for permanent pasture, however, as owing to  its persistent nature,, it is almost as  difficult-to eradicate as-couch grass.  Kentucky Blue Grass, Meadow Fescue and Red Top- have also been  grown at the station. -The yields of  hay from these'.grasses are not as  heavy as-from thc timothy, rye or  Brome grass. Notes taken on the  aftermath indicate that the Kentucky  Blue grass would prove valuable as a  pasture grass.  The experiment to determine the  best preparatory treatment for" seeding down, have given- some interesting results. Sowing on summerfal-  low land has given an^average yield  during the past four years of 2 tons  110 pounds per .acre. Sowing on land  that, had grown a crop of roots the  previous season has given a yield of  1 ton 1310 pounds, while sowing on  fall ploughed wheat stubble has given an average yield of 1 ton, 380  pounds. The second year, the difference jn yields from the various  plots has not been so striking, nevertheless the plots sown on summerfal-  low have given - a " slightly greater  yield.  Seeding down .with a nurse crop  has, during the past four years given  an average yield of 1 ton 910-pounds  from the first crop of hay harvested,  w hereas' seeding down without a  nurse crop has given almost double  this amount, namely, 2 tons 368  pounds. The nurse crop was wheat.  Oats have been tried as a nurse  crop and cut for hay. This plan, up  to the' present, has not proven satisfactory, owing .to the fact that thc  hot, dry weather, which usually prevails at the time of cutting the oats,  dried up the young, tender grass  plants.  In conducting the above experiments, "the. seed was mixed with the  grain and sown with the nurse crop.  When sown alone, the grass seed  was mixed 'with cracked wheat and  sown w*ith an ordinary grain drill.  Uniform cultural treatment was given all plots at the lime of sowing.  The soil was well worked, down and  usually packed before and after seeding. Packing before sowing made it  possible to sow the seed at a more  even depth. Packing after seeding  gave a more uniform germination  Claims Against  Alien Enemies  Department of Finance Compiling a  .Record of Enemy Property  The- department of finance at  .Ottawa is circularizing the- Dominion to discover real and personal  property in Canadian territory belonging to enemy subjects and to ascertain claims of British subjects  against enemy subjects or govern-*  ments.  Thc letter now being distributed,  reads:  The minister.of- finance for Canada  has been appointed public custodian  of enemy property, in Canada, under  thc provisions of the consolidated orders in council , .respecting- trading  with the enemy, assented to May 2nd  1916.  In view of such orders-in-council  and of thc proclamation of his excel  Iency the governor-general, issued  Feb- 12, 1917, and published in the  Canada Gazette on the 17th of the  same month, it is .important that-full  information should be obtained with  regard to all p'roperty, real and personal in Canadian territory belonging  to enemy subjects, and also with regard to all property, real and personal, in enemy territory belonging to  British subjects, together with claims  British subjects may have against  enemy governments.  In order to comply with the directions contained in these orders, returns are required from all British  subjects, firms or corporations resident or carrying orr business in Canada, who are directly or indirectly  interested in any matters coming  within thc classes of subjects following:  (1) Property, real, or personal, in  Canadian territory, belonging to  enemy subjects-  (2) Debts, including-bank deposits  and bank balances, due to, or held on  behalf of enemy subjects resident or  carrying on business in enemy territory, or, due to or held on behalf of  enemy  subjects  resident  in  Canada.  (3) Property, real or personal/ in  enemy territory, belonging to British  subjects resident or carrying on business in "Canada'.  (4) Claims of British subjects resident or carrying on business in Canada against  enemy governments-  If you are directly or indirectly interested in any of the classes of information set forth be good enough  to advise the department of finance,  Ottawa, under which of the classes  you desire lo make a return when the  necessary formwill be sent you.  Bagdad Taken At  The Right Time  Fax  Boy Scout Notes  Prohibition Coming:  To Great Britain  Let it be remembered that much  has been done, by the government's  decision to restrict the output of  beer to ten million standard barrels  per annum, and to limit by 75 per  cent, the quantities '.of spirits arid  wines released from bond for. con-r  sumption. This, let it be remembered, involves a loss of revenue of  about thirty-five millions. But it is  not enough, and it will soon be seen  that it is not enough. Mr. Lloyd  George has to keep his government  together so far as he can, and we  know thc attitude of many of them  towards the trade. But we are persuaded that the moment he sees the  Violet Spectre' of famine coming "upon us Ire will take his courage in both  Lands and, acting in the name of the  nation, prohibit all traffic in strong  drink till the end of the war. The  moment he takes that step 'we shall  be relieved of a burden too heavy  to bear.���������From the British Weekly.  Life Preserver  And Travelling Bag  A War Innovation  The war has produced the ' lady  chimney-sweep- In Camberr/ell, London, England, Mr. G. Gould's daughter, whose husband joined thc army  in the early days of the war, has  bravely cast aside all feminine prejudice against smeary w'ork and assists  her father on his daily round. She is  only twenty, and rrot only .does she  push the barrow, but she can push  the brushes and carry the bags on  occasion. She starts out fresh and  neat in the early morning, and ar-.  lives back tired and sooty���������but . always happy  ���������-'' Grace's uncle met her on the street  cne spring day and asked her whether  she was going out with a picnic party  } from her school.  "No," replied his eight-year-old  niece, "I ain't going."  "My dear," said the uncle, "you  must not say 'I ain't going,'" And  he proceeded to give her a little lesson in grammar: "You are not going.  He is not going. We are not going.  You are not going. They are not  going.    Now can you say all  that?"  "Sure, I can," responded Grace  quite heatily. "There ain't nobody  going."  Shipments of manganese ore from  the Russian ports of Poti and Batum  decreased from 788,214 tons in 1914  to  9,750 tons in   1915-  A Unique Invention That Would  Prove Useful in an Emergency  Designed not only to look like an  ordinary travelling bag but to be used  as one under ordinary conditions, a  life preserver that has just been invented apparently provides a sensible  solution of the problem of safety at  sea in time of sudden emergency.  The bag is equipped with a false bottom that serves to hold in folded position a water-tight -"union suit which  is. attached in such a way that the bag  and suit act as a water-tight unit.  In an emergency all that is necessary  is to dump out the. contents of' thc  bag, remove the false bottom to let  the suit unfold, and get inside. The  user then closes and locks the top  over his head and jumps iiuo the  water, the required buoyancy being  supplied by the bag. The body of  the bag is equipped with a window  and with valves that admit air but  not water. Irrsidc, there is space for  storing food and water sufficient to  last severaldays. To prevent disaster in case the water-tight suit is punctured, an air-tight bag that is easily  inflated is installed inside the traveling bag.  Her Turn Next  Smith got married. The evening  of his first pay day he gave his bride  $14 of the $15 salary and kept only  a dollar forhimsclf.  But the second pay day Smith gav������  his wife $1 and kept $14 himself-  "Why, John," she cried, in injured  tones, "how on earth do you think I  can manage for a whole week on a  paltry dollar?"  "Darned if I know," hc answered  "I had a rotten time myself last week.  It's your turn now."���������Chicago Herald-  Hearing Is Believing  Teacher���������Rachel, use    indigo  sentence.  Rachel  (after much  thought)-  ' bsby is indigo cart.���������Exchange.  Items Gleaned From Far and Near of  Interest to the Boy Scouts  "Do your Best" is the motto of the  Wolf Cub's. It is not only the motto  but. the aim of every member of this  junior organization. Day in and day  out Wolf "Cubs are endeavoring to  "Do Their Best-" That is why the  movement has spelled success frorrr  the very beginning. A Wolf Cub is  a boy between the ages of-.'nine and  twelve,..who has promised on his honor to do his best, to do his duty to  God and King, and to do a good turn  to somebody  every day.  When Cecil Rhodes died and .left  his money for scholarship purposes,  his will directed that to win a scholarship a man must develop notable  literary and scholastic ability; love of  the out-of doors, strong, virile personal character and air unselfish desire to serve others. A New York  State Boy Scout, Ernest S. Griffith,  of Utica, N- Y., has filled the above  requirements, which means that Jfc  will have three years and $4,500 to  spend at Oxford University, England.  Griffith's training as a Scout laid the  foundations for his  success.  The New York State College of  Forestry at Syracuse University is  offering one scholarship annually to  a-Boy Scout who is resident in New  York State and who fills_ certain requirements. The conditions include  his being a First Class Scout and  having at least ten out of the following fourteen merit badges: Forestry,  Camping) Bird Study, Cooking, Business, Pioneering and Stalking, First  Aid, Personal Health, Civics, Photography, Markmanship, Horsemanship,  Pathfinding and  Taxidermy-  The candidate must satisfy the entrance requirements of the College by  having fourteen out of thc follow-ing  fifteen units for- College entrance:  English (four years), 3 units; History  1 unit; Elementary Algebra, 1 unit;  Plane Geometry, 1 unit; Solid Geometry 1-2 unit; French or German, 2  units; Physics, 1 unit;, Science, 2  units; Freehand or Mechanical Draw,  ing, 1 unit; Elective, 2 1-2 units.  The terms stipulate that there must  be at least three applicants in any  one year from which thc. College of  Forestry may select the one who satisfies the conditions most effectively.  The free scholarship covers the  amount of the annual incidental laboratory and infirmary fees, and the  Scouts who secure the scholarship  will be able lo take four years of  work for the cost of books, clothing,  room and board.  Satorically Disappointing  P'irst Girl���������So you met Mr  Blank,  the famous writer at  the    reccKioii.  What do you think of him?  rn  a|     Second    Girl���������Not      much.       His  clothes are quite old-fashioned and I  The  understood that he was celebrated for  I his style.  British Prestige Regained in  East by Justice to Mohammedans  Of the four holy cities of the east,  three, Mecca, Medina and Bagdad,  are now in the hands of the allies,  and any day may come the announce,  merit tlrat the fourth of them, Jerusalem, has fallen. This news will  have especial interest to Canadians,  as the army under Sir Archibald  Murray which is operating in Palestine is made up of Australians", New  /talanders, Canadians and the pick  of the Indian troops who have been  training in Egypt for the past two  years- We may- be- sure that when  thc war ends none of these cities will  be restored to Turkey, and tlrat thc  British flag will float over nhem as  long as tht empire endures'. Though  Mecca is the greatest of the sacred  cities, according to the Moslems, the  fall of Bagdad will make a greater  inpression throughout the east  than did the news that the grand  sheriff of Mecca had declared the independence of the city from Turkish  authority and had raised an army to  make good his declaration.  Mr.  Cunlinc Owen    writes    to  the  New- York Sun that the defeat of the  British  at Kut  was  really a blessing  in disguise, although not many of us  will consider the surrender of Town-  shend  and   his   gallant  little   army   a  matter   for  belated   rejoicing-   Nevertheless,  Mr.  Owen says that if Bagdad  had  fallen  at    the    time    when  Townshend was within a day's march  of it the result might not have been  so well  received    by    the      Moslem  world.    Two years ago the taking of  the  city  by a   Christian  army  might  well have been regarded as a profanation,  and   there   are  not   fewer  than  90,000,000  Moslems  in India.    Whatever opinion, they had of the Turks,  the Turks  were-at .least  their  co-religionists,  and  in    certain     parts    -of  Bagdad neither Christian nor Jew is  allowed  to set his foot-    The taking  of  Bagdad .early  in   the  war   'might  have given offence in some quarters,  and might have added to the difficulties   that  have   becrr     experienced   in  India since the beginning of the war.  In the past two years, however, the  Moslems  have    learned more    about  Britain "than" millions of them    knew  before.      They   have  learned   of   the  role that Britain played in  the liberation . of Mecca  and  Medina  iii    the  past year.       The  Grand    Sheriff    of  Mecca they regard as  thc  chief prophet of. their    faith,    the    appointed  guardian   of  Mecca,    their    holy    of  holies*: :. They.',-have  seen   him,    -with  British   assistance,   restore   the   independence   of  Arabia   as  a   kingdom.  They have heard, as Mr. Owen says,  of  the-great   honor  conferred : upon  the  Caliph  when  he  travelled    down  from   Mecca  to  Jeddah  lo    visit-   in  state   the  imposing  fleet    of   British  and   French   vessels  assenrbled there  to  do  him horror and  hail    him    as  king.    They have heard of his reception   on   board, with- '��������� royal     salutes,  and  of  thc'-imposing, embassies.-sent  to   him  at   Mecca    by    Britain    and  France,   composed   of    the    greatest  Moslem dignitaries under their sway.  They "know  also,  of  thc steps   taken  by the two powers to guarantee, the  safety  of  pilgrims   desiring   to     visit  Mecca,.while the war is in progress.  Therefore'those of them-who.* may  have   had   doubts   and   apprehensions  on the subject a couple of years ago  realize that they have nothing to fear  fiom Britain,. that\ she' will as scrupulously respect  their holy cities and  shrines as she w-ould    respect  Westminster Abbey,   and   that ���������henceforth  their most sacred cities will have the  protection of Britain and France- The  capture  of  Bagdad    by    Townshend  might  have  had  an   impotant   politi-7  cal   effect  upon   the   Moslem     world,  but his failure did not result, as Germany and  Turkey fondly    hoped, in  any great  accession.to    the    central  powers   on  the  part  of  the   Mohammedans.    Mr.   Owen   may be   rather  straining .a point when-he sees in lire  early failure a real  blessing, but apparently  nothing    of    prestige     was  lost at the Kut which has not    been  regained.    The additional and important  fact  has  been   impressed     upon  the   Moslem   world   that   the   British  always "come  back-"  It seems very probable that Britain's mastery of the Tigris and thc  Euphrates valleys, including thc vast  oil mines and oil fields in the province of Mosul, will be followed if not  immediately, at least when thc war  is at an end, by the extension of the  empire's suzerainty and maybe spv-  erignty over the whole of thc southern portion of Persia. For some  time before the beginning of thc war  this part of Persia was recognized by  Russia, the only other European  power concerned, as a British sphere  of influence. Persia herself is in no  position now, nor is she likely to be  for many years to come, to assert  independence of some sort of European leadership and control. Her  government has been unable to preserve order, or even to keep open  thc main roads of the country- Lacking the viciousness of thc Turkish  government, thc Persian government  has. all the Turk's inefficiency. The  fall" of Bagdad means the printing of  another considerable block of red  upon the map of the world.  When   fortune   knocks   at   a   shiftless man's door he is usually over at  a  neighbor's  trying to borrow some-  J thins- THE     (IXZETTE.     HEDLEY,     B.     &  ���������������.���������  nearn  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST  1@ CENTS PES PLUG  r  Room  Nineteen  5$*\ I it's  not   likely  that  the  very  \Y\. vill  11 v-  %*  FLORENCE WARDEN  WARD. LOCK &CO.. UM1TEO  l^odoa. MalbsuiM. taxi Tea-net*  It  IS  it?"  (Continued.)  ' "What is  it?    Oh,   wh  gasped the girl.  The man's eyes flashed.  "'Yon, who know more than anyone, will forgive mc, I hope. I" took  Lirn by the throat���������so���������" and Ciprian imitated thc act of one who  pins his enemy, and seemed to sec  Wright before him as hc clenched  his teeth and breathed hard, "and 1  flung him���������Plcavcu knows how I did  it��������� I hadn't more than strength to  ciawl, I thought, till 1 saw him there  in front of mc���������1 flung him���������-backwards���������head first���������over the balustrade, and on the stone flags by thc  steps."  There was  a'"horrible ��������� silence.  "Well, what then?" sobbed she at  last. ���������'.  "He lay quite, still- And I came  away.   I came straight here."  Mabin was on her feet, staring  with  agony into  his face. ;  "But this Wright, oh, what happened to him?"  PIc shook his head.  "That," replied he iu a whisper,  "was what .1 .didn't want to have to  tell you. But as you force mc . to,  well, here goes, he was .dead. I had  killed him."    -"     ���������     ,;'";'���������  Mabin stifled a cry, and shrank  back, shuddering. '.���������-.'  , CHAPTER XXIII.  There was a short silence. Ciprian  still sat with Mabin's hand in his,  clasping it almost convulsivcl}r. As  for the girl,'overwhelmed as she was  by his; tragic confession, she had  suffered so much during thc past few  days that even the horror of hearing"  such news could not affect her as it  would have dorrc in thc old cko's before the romance of her young life  began.  After a few'minutes, she recovered  her self-possession, sat up in, the  chair iu which she had sunk back, and  with her^cyes fullof alarm and sympathetic horror, bent forward to  whisper:  "It will be all right. Lord Moor-  hamptou will take care of that, won't  he?" - ^  Ciprian shook his head.  "I'm afraid, we mustn't count on  that," he said. "My father is the last  man to allow a scandal in his household if he could help it. But this  time he can't. It wasn't done in a  corner, but before witnesses. Not  only my father's wife was there, but  Dalmaine and one or two of the servants. Indeed a sort of crowd collected in no time, and there was a  terrible scene of confusion and muddle. My father did his best to cut it  short, ordered them to take him inside, and to send for a doctor, and I  could hear him, poor old chap, telling  everybody that it was 'an accident,  a terrible accidcnt.'-and that I should  bc off my head about it. But I wasn't. There! Be as shocked as you  like. 1 can't feci a.s if I deserved a  very heavy punishment. I didn't  ��������� want ,ib murder him. I was carried  away by my feelings when I saw  him ""smirking, and mocking my distress about thc loss of my boy. I  scarcely knew   what.I  did."  Mabin leaned forward, and spoke  earnestly:  "Everybody will understand that,  won't they? When all comes out���������"  ���������Hc looked at her quickly.  ���������"Well, well," he said, "don't let us  worry ourselves. indeed, it's very  good of you to take so much interest in mc." Pic broke off into a  laugh. "No, no, I mustn't talk to you  HRc that," he' went ou, in tones of  deep'feeling, "as if you were a easy  nal   acquaintance.   You!" j  He stopped, his emotion seemed to J  choke liim.  But' iM'abi'n had seen through all  his pretence, and knew that his assumption of indifference was put on  to'assuage anxiety.  "Don't pretend to inc." she said in  a broken voice. "I know you care, I  know vou are troubled. And I know  ���������oh, I can't help knowing, that you  are  in  danger."  Unable lo resist thc effect of her  deep gravity, of her utter absorption  in his fale, Ciprian dropped all pretence of indifference, and  said  quicl-  ''.[ must bear the consequences of  my own acts, like anybody else. As  you say, when everything comes out,  as I suppose it must come out now,  worst  happen to me  Mabin stifled a groan.  Ciprian  pressed her hand  tenderly  in his.  "It's horrible to think of thc scandal and disgrace that the beastly  business will bring down on the old  place, though. 1 sympathize with my  father over  that."  Mabin, hoarse with terror and distress,  whispered:  "What will you do?"  He  tried to  rise, but she frowned,  and coaxed him down with looks and  gestures, as hc answered her:  "I'm going to thc hotel where I left  my boy when 1 first hinded. You remember���������Room Nineteen?" And a  smile flickered over his face for a  moment as he said the words. She  bowed her head with a sob. "I've  given that address to the housekeeper  at H-alh Hill, so that, when I am  wanted, they may know where to find  me. 1 was notrgoing to let them say  I'd run away."  "No, no, of course not," said Mabin  eagerly. "But still���������you won't go  there tonight, will you?"  "Yes. That's where I'm going to  stay."  "No," Mabin's voice grew firmer,  and it was she who now clasped; his  hand in both hers. "You must not  go. You're ill, and to go out again  in thc fog might do you ever so  much harm. You can't so to an  hotel when you're ill. Now,' can  you?" pleaded she earnestly.  "I'm all right," said he.  And this time hc rose to his feet.  But he swayed as hc stood, and Mabin leapt to his sideand put a trembling hand on his arm.  "Listen," she said.- "You trust Hie  don't you? You know how I, have  felt all thc iimc, don't you?"'.',  "God bless you, yes! ' Of course I  know." '������"  "Then you; must show your trust  by doing -what 1 wish. Sit down  again; no, lie down on the sofa. I  won't bother you, T. won't, fuss about  or worry you and I won't talk. But  it will break my heart to let you go'  out now, when I know you are not-  fit to go. You will do what I ask,  won't you?    Won't you?"  She looked up into his face with  pleading eyes.     Ciprian hesitated.  "I hate to have'to. refuse you anything," hc said. "But I feel I must  go.     I  ought lo  go."  "Why? Why? You can do nothing yourself. You have left the  search for Dibs in good hands. I'm  going to hope for the best. I don't  believe the worst for him. No, I  don't.    It would be too awful, when  ���������when ". -  Only by stopping* abruptly ' could  she save herself from a breakdown.  Ciprian, who was indeed worn out,  and quite aware that he was seriously ill, tried to disengage himself from  her clinging hand, and to make his  way to the door.    .  "You   won't  stay?    You  will   go?"  wailed she.  Ciprian bowed his head.  "I must." "' -  "Very well. Then will you promise  just this: to wait here while I send  for a doctor to see you. If he says  you may go, all right, L won't    say  another word. If- "  Ciprian cut her short with a dreary  smile. He knew what the doctor-  would say, and did not mean to let  liim have thc chance of saying it.  "I'd rather not," he said. "Surely  you might trust me not to do anything that-would'hurt mc. I tell  you I'm all right.'  But every, movement, every look,  every tone of his hoarse and broken  voice, betrayed the fact, which he was  trying to conceal from her, that he  was indeed in no fit state lo leave  the house.  Suddenly she changed from pleading to imperious.  "Why is it you want to go?" she  demanded -sharply.  He was startled into an admission.  "Bless my soul, need you ask?" he  retorted quickly.     "Can I let you be  exposed to the risk of having an arrest made before your eyes?"  "You think���������they'll arrest you!"  gasped she.  "Well,   they  might.   No,   no,   don't  look like  Unit.   I  had  to    toll    you,  since, you   wouldn't  let  mc go   with-  j out. I couldn't run thc risk of having  j your  name  mixed  up   with    such    a  | nasty business.  There, child. There's  | thc truth.    Now let mc go."  I      But Mabin lost every trace of timidity at once, and became command-j-.  ing,' imperious,   as  she  'might    have | S  been  with   poor  Dibs  himself. i &  "Then you shall not go," she sard' 5  firmly. And without any sign ofig  hysteria or of excitement, she wcnljg  to thc door, and standing with her J S3  back to it, directed him to thc sofa. S3  "Go and lie down there," she saidjjS  gently, but with an air of authority | S3  which, even at that moment, amused ���������  him, "and try to forget everything.  Just lie still, and don't move. Do  it," she repeated, as hc laughed, and  hesitated, and began to protest. "Do  it. You shall, you must."  (To Be Continued.)  7=  Quite All Right  _ "Sec here that costume is cut entirely too low for a ballroom."  "Don't be absurd, mother.    This is  a street suit."  Restored to Health fey Lydia E.  Pinldhain's Vegetable Compound.  Aurora, HI.���������"For seven long months  I suffered from a female trouble, with  severe pains in my  back and --ides until  I became so weak I  could hardly walk  from chair to chair,  and got so nervous  I would jump at tho  slightest  noise.  "*I  was entirely'"unfit-  to  do   my housework, I was giving  up hope of ever being well, when my  sister asked me to  try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound.   I took six bottles and today I  am a healthy woman able to do my own  housework.     I  wish   every  suffering  woman would try Lydia E. Pinkham's  Vegetable Compound,- and find out for  themselves how good it is."���������Mrs. CarI/  A. Kieso, 596 North. Ave., Aurora, 111.  ��������� .. The great number of unsolicited testimonials on file at the Pinkham'Laboratory, many of which aro from time  to time published by permission, aro  proof of the value of Lydia E. Pinkham's. Vegetable  Compound,-in - the*  treatment of female ills.  Every ailing* j woman in Canada is  cordially invitee! to write to the Lydia  E. Pinkham Medicine Go. (confidential),  Lynn, Mass., for special advice. It is  free, will bring you health and may  save your life.  The Mosquito Peril  Danger     From      Disease     Carriers  ^Should be Better Known  One of thc greatest discoveries fn I cn.se gcrrns  into  thc atmosphere   of  ' ' ��������� '        " ��������� ���������'   ���������     '  air ordinary room.  Of these germs ���������**.  well person might inhale "20,000 in a  single breath.  Germs in a Sneeze  Dr.   Edward  Martin,    of Philadelphia, in a recent lecture"Ucclared that  in a single cough or sneeze an influenza victim  released    20,000,000  dis-  Ihc history of medicine was. that of  Dr. Ronald .Ross, who, at Calcutta,  in July, 1898, found that thc spores  of malarial parasites arc concentrated in thc salivary gland of the mosquito. As Dr. Ross himself wrote,  "The exact route of infection of this  great disease, which annually slays  its millions of human beings and  keeps whole , continents in darkness,  was revealed.^ These minute spores  enter the salivary gland of the mosquito and pass with its poisonous  saliva directly into the blood of men.  Never iu our dreams had wc imagined so wonderful a tale as this-."  Until lately il was not known whether a disease-spreading mosquito could  infect more than one person. Recent  experiments of the public health service of the United States government  have proved that an infected malarial mosquito can infect several persons without again obtaining blood  from an original source of infection,  and that air infected mosquito retains  her ability to infect with malaria for  -at least 25 clays. Even if a mosquito  empties her available supply of malarial parasites into one man, she may  infect a second man a few hours or  fl few clays later. through a new  generation of parasites.' Thi.s is a  most important discovery, for it  shows that thc individual disease-  laden.insect is a veritable machine-  gun in point of danger, and it emphasizes the necessity for stamping  out the breeding places of the malarial mosquito.  Jokum���������Gracious!   Your mudguard  is all smashed!    Did you bump into  something?  Bunkum���������No.  perfectly    still,  skidded into us.  Wc were standing  arrd  a "fire-hydrant  EVERYTHING IN  Summer  - Sporting  Goods  Write for Catalogue No; 62 T.  Tk Kingston Smith Arms  Co., Limited  491 Main St.      10142-lOlst St."  Winnipeg, Man.     Edmonton,. Alia.  Bright Youth  Caller���������So your son Willie ha?  started to work as an office boy. How  is he getting on?  Fond Mother���������'Splendidly!    He al-,  ready knows .who ought to' bc    dis-'-  charged and is merely waiting* to get:  promoted so that he can attend to it.,  "I  want   to  look at some  notcpa-  per."   -  "Watered stock, madam?"  "L  should say not.     Aly   husband  has  wasted money enough on    that.  kind."���������Detroit Free Press. -  mminmminmmnnuumimmumummmimnmnmmmmimh  Hmntwiummnmuwmimwmmtnmimimimnimg  W.      N.      U.  1157-  Of Every Description  and for every line of business.   Our books are the Standard of Quality  and used from Coast to Coast.  We Specialize, on CARBON COATED or BLACK BACK -BOOKS,  and what we make are the best to be had in Canada.  **>  *������  Duplicate and Triplicate Separate Carbon  Leaf Books, in all sizes  'Duplicate.- arid   Triplicate   Carbon Back  Books,-, in all sizes '  (X IL Special Triplicate Books, patented  '���������' Write us for Samples and Prices before placing your next order, or  see our agent, the'proprietor of this paper.'  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Iwoftio, Montreal, Winnipeg Vancouver  ���������Biu������l  ���������J!������mffi!ffflmmmiiiiHH.iu.������iiim  ;  **:���������-. "if  ������.-���������*���������-���������"  *���������." '^^  K^l- ^Mfl.l|"***'  ���������rrju wr-n-'rn'^ ������������������-ww*-"-  -������w������irtMra������������w*"!<l*������*���������~ r-������*.--J  ?������:,! -^'.-:.J;  .J!   *--  ' 'GAZETTE.    . iir.DT.MV.      R  0.  ]���������-'-*��������� s" ' i'i  iiWiiri  nun 'nn*   -   "��������� tin' ���������'��������� ''    ���������*" '- *  I ���������:���������?:  -il  e's  V  Nature's laxative is bile*  If* your liver is sending  the bile on its way as it  should, you'll never ba  constipated.   ,  Keep the liver tuned  right up to its-work.  ��������� "  Take one pill regularly  (mors only if riecesoary)  until your bowels act regularly, freely, naturally.  ���������   CAMS*'  ���������IlVER  Sinutne   i>sar3   'S/'gnaturv  Colorless faces often show tha  absence' of Iron in the blood.  Carter's Iron PiSBs Ii  V/ill help this condition.  m  1  i  or Btutterinft overcome positively. Our  natural methods permanently restore  natural speech. Graduate pupils every**  Y?hero.    free advice and literature.  THE ARNOTT INSTITUTE  KITCHENER,      - -   CANADA ���������  MONEY ORDERS  A   Dominion   Express- Money     Order     for  five  dollars . costs  three  cents.  Whisky and War  War is about to deliver the final  Knockout blow to John Barleycorn-^  War and whisky, it has been observed  -in past-experience, do not mix well.  War is a.'season for* well considered  judgment, clear eyes and steady nerves, for alert men in full -possession  of all their faculties. Intoxicating  liquor is aNhandicap to these requisites of.manhood, and therefore, in  lire national emergency, whisky must  go.���������Seattle Post-Inlclligenccr.   -  EUREKA HARNESS  OIL  makes harness strong and  lough. i    '  This .mineral oil not only  takes dirt off but keeps dirt  out. It fills thc pores of  the leather.  That is why a harness t reat-  ed' with Eureka is tough,  pliable.shinyand new looking.  THE  IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  Limited '  Branches ThrouUhout  Canada ^  For  Regenerated Belgium  Plans to Build .-Railroads Like Those  of This Continent  Regenerated Belgium will model  some of her important railway lines  on thc American plan. Railway capitalists, of that outragcd< nation have  sent an agent to America to study  railroad operating methods, railway  shops, and, more especially, thc important electric installations on trunk  lines in various parts of the country.  The name of this > Belgian agent ,is  Joseph Carlier. He is Assistant Professor of Railways at thc University  cf Liege. Professor Carlier said he  believed that at least $200,000,000  would be'spent to place the railways  of Belgium on a proper footing* after  the war, and that thc United States  would doubtless be called upon to  supply a large part of the new equipment. '  Mr. Carlier is also a member-of  the special commission which was in  stalled in Paris last fall, the members having been appointed by the  Belgian minister, for- the study of  electrification of the Belgian railways. '**  "Wc have approximately 8,000,000  people and a little over 3,000 miles of  broad- gauge, arid about 4,500 miles  of single-track railroad. We have also a system of. narrow-gauge railroads, something like 1,500 miles, for  small freight traffic. Our freight  stations arc unusually long and very  large. I think we should.adopt many  of your ideas as to car building. I  think we shall have to 'make compartment cars for the . most part'.  Belgium is a windy country, and wc  cannot very well have a long,' one-  room car such as you have in America, because it would be much too  drafty."  CANADIAN SOLDIER'S  LETTER  Says  -Dr.   Cassell's    Tablets    Have  . kept him Fit through.  Two Wars  II better .sugar is ever produced than the present  REDPATH Extra Granulated, you-may be sure it will  be made in the same Refinery that has led for over half  a century���������and sold under the same name���������REDPATH.  tei  15  2 and 5 lb. Cartons���������  20,20,50 and 100 lb. Bags,  'Let Redpath Sweeten it."  Suga.T Refining Co., Limited, Montreal.  Help Belgian Children  'The school children of Saskatchewan last year inaugurated a fund for  the relief of the children of Belgium.  Collections were taken at every city  and rural school in the province, with  thc result.that up to the present, with  the fund still open, $56,000 odd has  been raised and sent by thc children  of Saskatchewan for the*- relief of the  children of Belgium.  Sapper A. Hartley, of tha A Company,  Canadian Engineers, whose home - address is  906, Trafalffar^slreet, London, Ontario, is one  of the many who have written in praise of  Dr. Cassell's'Tablets. lie says: "As a con-  slant user of Dr. Cassell's Tablets, I would  like-to add my testimony to their value. 1  used them when J. was in the South African  War, and, finding the benefit of them there,  have taken them since whenever I felt rundown. 1 always recommend them, for I know  that they do all that"is claimed for them. In  my opinion they are" thc best tonic anyone  can take for loss of appetite, poorness ot thc  blood,  or general  weakness  of the system. '  A free sample of Dr- Cassell's Tablets will be sent to you on receipt of  5 cents for mailing and packing. Address: Harold P. Ritchie & Co., Ltd-,  10, M'Caul-st-, Toronto.  Dr. Cassell's Tablets are the surest home  remedy for Dyspepsia, Kidney Trouble, Sleeplessness, Anaemia, Nervous Ailments, Nerve  Paralysis, Palpitation, and Weakness in Children. Specially valuable for nursing; mothers  and during the critical periods of life. Sold by  druggists and' storekeepers throughout- Canada. Prices: One tube, 50 cts; six tubes for the  price of live. lie-ware of imitations said to contain hypophosphites. Thc composition of Dr.  Cassell's Tablets is known only to the.proprietors, and no imitation can ever be thc saiu*e.  Sole Proprietors: Dr.  Cassell's   Co.������'  Ltd., Manchester, England  The Armies of Labor  Influence That Will Attract Soldiers  to Farming  Love of life in thc open is fostered by service on the held of battle,  and this influence will attract many  of the fighters of Europe to farnring  and the restoration of ravaged lands.  The military experience will have increased the.manual skill and technical efficiency- of thousands of other  soldiers. Modern agencies for the  distribution of labor arc more numerous and scientific than they were a  century-ago, a generation ago. Wc  shall see thc soldiers . of Europe  melting back"into the armies of labor as did Cromwell's Ironsides in  1660, when it was'"said of some  specially efficient and industrious  worker that he was quite sure to  have been "one of Oliver's men."���������  Spokane Spokesman-Review.  Is a  fee)  flit is made of 100 steel  spiral springs, tempered iu oil, that  yield under pressure to every curve of  the hody, no matter how heavy or how  light.   It "fits the sleeper."  Its Non-Rusting Enamel Finish  is guaranteed not to damage bedding.  The genuine "Banner" spring is guaranteed  for 20 years.   Your dealer lias it or  will get it for you. Ask for it by name,  Mr. Merchant:���������  If you are not already using    our  Counter  Check or Sales   Books    we  ( would respectfully solicit -your    next  j order.    Years   of^experience  in     the  I manufacture of this line enable us to  give you a book as nearly perfect as  it is possible to be made in these difficult times.     - "  All classes and grades of paper are  now from 100 to 400 per cent, higher than they were two years ago.  Carbon papers, waxes for coated  books, labor, in fact everything that  goes into the cost of counter check  or sales books are very high in price.  Notwithstanding these facts, our  modern and" well equipped plant for  this particular work enables us to  still keep our prices ' reasonably  low. Before placing your next order  write us for samples and prices, or  consult the  proprietor of this paper.  We make a specialty of Carbon  Eack or Coated Books, .also O.K.  Special Triplicate books. On these*.,  and our regular duplicate and triplicate separate Carbon Leaf Books, we  number -among ou'f- customers the  largest and best commercial houses  from-������coast to coast. No order is too  large or too small to bc looked after  carefully.  We have connections with the  largest paper mill in Canada, ensuring an ample supply of the best grade  paper used in counter check books.  You are therefore assured of an extra gra'de of prapcr, prompt service  and shipments.  Waxed Papers and Sanitary  Wrappers  We also manufacture Waxed Bread  and Meat Wrappers, plain and printed; Confectionery Wrappers, Pure  Food Waxed Paper Rolls for Home  Use, Fruit Wrappers, etc.  .Write'for samples of our G. & B.  Waxed Papers used- as a Meat  Wrapper. It is both grease and  moisture proof, and the lowest priced article on the" market for this  purpose.    ....  Genuine    Vegetable    Parchment  for  Butter Wrappers  ' We are large importers of this  particular brand of paper. Our prices  on 8x11 size in 100M quantities and  upwards, arc very low, considering  the present high price of this paper.  We can supply any quantity printed  "Choice Dairy Butter" from stock.  Our machinery and equipment for  Waxing and Printing is the most  modern and complete in Canada and  ensures you first-class goods and  prompt service.  APPLEFORD   COUNTER CHECK  BOOK COMPANY, LTD,  Hamilton,  Canada.  Offices:   Toronto,   Montreal,    Winnipeg,  Vancouver.  A Russian newspaper is now being  published at Trcbizond, in Armenia,  one of thc cities conquered by thc  Russians in their advance against  thc Turks last year.  The Alaska Bedding Co.  ' LIMITED  ilaliert of Bedstmadt and Bedding  Calgary VINNIPEO Begin*  "AluVa en ������7l irttelo muni Sigh Grade Every  I36v I'artkW  *\  Keep Minard's Liniment in the house  Cultivation of the Soil  "Of all forms of productive capacity there is none more vital, indispensable and steadying than the application of human industry to the  cultivation of the soil. And if there  is one point at which order seems  beginning to emerge from the present confusion of our political and  social aims it is precisely wkh regard  to this fundamental necessity of  making a better use of the greatest  of all natural resources."���������Viscount  Milner.  You may have noticed that foolish  people arc always happy.  /  Make the Boy a Partner  Secure His Interest in the Business  Side of the Farm Work  Six per cent, of the 400 farmers  who were visited in connection with  an agricultural survey by the Commission of - Conservation in Dundas  county in 1916, were paying members  of thc family who remained at home  to work on the farm. No farmer  was found who had taken the members of thc family into active and  actual partnership in th'e farm enterprise.  It is -essential that many of 'bur  best boys' remain on the farm and  help in developing.rural life into what  it could and should be. Some of our  farm boys may be better suited for  occupations other than farming, [bin  those who are suited for farming  and wish to farm should bc given  encouragement to  do  so.  Boys on the farm arc too often al  lowed to drift along with very little  attention being paid to them. The  boy will bc more likely to become a  willing worker if his interest is  aroused in the business side~"of his  work and he-will gain ability to save  if lie 'is taught to spend thoughfully  and wisely. These two factors, "willingness to work and ability to save,  arc fundamental for future success.  Permit thc boy to participate in the  practical business transactions of the  farm as the conditions allow. Let  him do. some of the : buying and selling. When he has decided that-he  will be a farmer, the father may be  gradually relieved from some of his  responsibilities ���������������������������through, a partnership management.���������F.C.N, irr Conservation.  A Just Tribute  The New York World tvould havfi  the -United Slates make a gift of $1,-  000,000,000 to France, as a proof of  affection and appreciation of the aid  given the colonials during the Ameri-'"  can revolution of 1776."It would be  only a just tribute; for, according to  a recent statement, they received  $700,000,000 from France at that  period, of which neither the principle nor the interest thereon was ever  asked, for or returned.���������Hamilton  Spectator.  OWN TABLETS  The cheapness of Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator puts it within  reach of all, and it can be got at any  druggist's.  The quiet wedding may be thc  calm before the''storm.  Sometimes a. genius fools people :by  wcaring i-good clothes.  Childhood constipation can be  promptly-cured by Baby's Own Tablets. These Tablets never fail to  regulate llic bowels and stomach thus ,  curing, constipation, colic, indigestion  and the many other minor ills of little ones. - Concerning them Mrs..  Louis Nicole, St. Paul du Buton,  Que., writes:���������"My baby suffered'  from constipation but thanks to  Baby's Own Tablets he is a fine  healthy boy today. It gives mo  much pleasure in recommending thc  1 ablets to .--other mothers." The  Tablets arc sold by medicine dealers  or by mail at 25 cents a box from  The Dr. Williams' Mediciue Co.,  'Btockville, Ont.  ��������� .-'��������� American Regret \  -Americans will feel a certain envy  in the thought that Canada has outdistanced us in-���������rca'chirfg the battle  line, which is the frontier of our civilization;���������-New  York  Tribune.  Minard's Liniment   used   by   Physicians  Miller's Worm Powders act mildly  and without injury to the child, and  there can'be'no doubt of their deadly effect upon worms. They have  been in successful use for a long,  time and are recognized jjs a leading  preparation for the purpdse. They  have proved their power in numberless cases and have, given relief to  thousands of children, who, but for  the good offices of this superior compound, would have continued weak  and enfeebled.  Might Be Fooled  "That answer was a setback," said  John G. Johnson, the lawyer, discussing a case in  Washington. .  "It was like the answer of the man  whose dying wife looked into his  eyes and said:  "'George, after I'm gone, do you  think you'd marry again?'  '"I may,' said George gloomily, 'if  thc trap is set different.'"���������Dallas  News.  "Biggins attaches a. great deal bl  importance  to his  opinions."  "You can't blame him," replied  Miss Cayenne. "An opinion costs  Min so much intellectual effort that  he feels like making a pet of it."  An Oil for All Men.���������The sailor,,  thc soldier, the fisherman, the lumberman, the out-door laborer and alt  who are exposed to injury and the  elements will find in Dr. Thomas'  Electric Oil a true and faithful friend.  To ease pain, relieve colds, dress  wounds, subdue lumbago and over-,  come rheumatism, it has ho equal.  Therefore, it should have a place in  all home medicines and those taken  on a journey.  "Some of our greatest sacrifices  bring us little credit."  "That's right," replied Senator Sorghum. "When I suppress my natural  inclination to arise and waste time in  specchmaking nobody ever takes mo  by the hand and congratulates inc."  ���������Washington Star.  A Patriot  your opinion  of  a    pa>  A law to prevent "dumping" after  thc war'is being drafted in Japan.  "What is  triot?"  "Well, my opinion is that a patriot  is a man who actually serves the flag  that others cheer for."���������Detroit Free-  Press.  W.     N.  U.  1157  SHOE POLISHE  -BLACK-WHITE.~TANr;|0-r  F.F.DaHey Co. of Canada, Ltl  Hamilton,   Can.  'I* i  '1* ')��������� ���������*���������*  ������������������������   . -    w .' * -a :  %<\  ���������!���������  0  THE  GAZETTE,  HEDLEY,  B.  ' ii  "The Big Store"  for two hui id red years after the  war to pay tlie indebtedness incurred. The mining* industry  is taxed to t-h'e utmost limit,  veiy few  business men are able  General  Merchants  to get (heir heads long1 enough  above water to get a. lungful] oi'  air, and thc worker who is receiving from $���������'$ to .-J).") n d;iy is  in an infinitely better financial  position than any business man  of our acquaintance. The rich  will be subject to conscription  just the sumo as the poor man;  his war tax is greater according  to   his    e.'irnidg   power.      The  KEREMEOS, B. C.  THe NlGKel Plate  Barter Sliop  SflTiSFflGTORy, SANITARY  TONSORIAL SERVICE  Thjs shop it equipped with  Baths and all the* latest  Electrical  Appliances.  W.T.BUTLER, - Prop.  Sbe tbedtey Gazette  Subscriptions in Advance  P6r Year * 52.00  "   (United States) '..... '2.50  Advertising Rates  ���������Measurement. 12 lines to the inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding; one  inch, S1.25 for one insertion, 23 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over one inch,  12 cents per line for lirst insertion and S  cents per* lino for each subsequent/insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  ������1.25; over 1 inch and up to I inches, S1.00  per inch pennonth. To constant advertisers  takiiif** larger space than four inches, on  application, rates will be given of ) educed  charges, based on size of space and length  of time.  Certificate of Improvements..-.  .������10.00  (Where more than one claim appears  in notice, 52.50 for each additional  claim.)  Jas. W. Gbier, Publisher.  Hedley, B.'C. June 21,'1917.  business   man   has   to   pay   a  personal   property   tax on   his  stock and  often   bank interest  to   carry   his   customers from  year to year or month to month;  he pays a  realty tax, a war tax'  on letters, accounts, drafts, telegrams, cheques, etc.   The mines  are taxed  2  per  cent on gross  output, for miner's  license, for  surface   rights,    for    buildings,  for   machinery,   for '��������� light, for  power, etc.,by thc province, and  25 per cent, on net output over 7  pei    cent,    by    the    Dominion.  No  reduction   is made for capital invested in other properties  before   a   dividend-payer   was  i I found.      In   British    Columbia  a   hundred   developed non-dividend   payers   to   one dividend-  paying mine.    When the politicians   run   out  of schemes to  rob thc mining industry, the "labor loafers" at the coast suggest  new ones.   Give us conscription  of everything,   more especially  conscription of  the  gang of industrial "cadets" who have for  3reai's been  Ioaling on the hard-  earned    wages    of   Vancouver  and Victoria working men. Thc  " He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame oh me."  THIS AND THAT.  Sib Laurier doesn't want  conscription for .Quebec. It  might do for the other provinces, but bilingualism is of  much more importauce.  TiNO of Greece has been canned. To back-woods colonials  it will probably always be a  mystery why another of the  breed should be placed on the  throne. Little good can result  in crushing the louse and exalting the nits.  creatures want government  snaps. Give them rifles and  discipline and let them earn  the right to hold government  positions by assisting .-iu-protecting, the country and the  liberties we now enjoy. If it is  necessary to conscript wealth,  use the same care a discrimination that is used in selecting  man power���������the vigorous and  health}*,  and  not  the financial  weaklings, as is now being done.  It is quite  evident   that  tho  pea-.soupcrs down in Quebec do  not  at all take   very kindly to  compulsory military  service of  any sort, whether  it is  in   thc  nature of doing   their   bit   at  home or abroad.    It  is evident  that   there   is  something   else  behind all the row that is being  kicked up besides  mere opposition to military service for thc  defence of the country.    It may  bo partly  political,   and it may  be  partly   religious,   while   the  indications are that it is a mixture of both.    It is   as hard for  tho  French-Canadians, in their  narrow way, to (understand the  views of  the  majority  of   the  English-speaking Canadians, as  if is for us fo understand them.  Descended'from a race that was  handed their hat in   old France  with the remark: ���������'Hero's your  lid;   what's  your  hurry'?"  and  with most of them  shipped out  to now world colonies to got rid  of a somewhat troublesome clement, the   residents   of   Quebec  arc today, foi- the -most,  part, a  a great deal different   from the  people of modern  France, with  their inborn love for democratic  institutions.    If the French Canadians do not want  to go and  fight, it will not do   much good  to   try   and   make i hem.    Apparently   they   will   be a great  deal  more   trouble  and bother  in   the"lighting  line than they  can   possibly   be   worth.     The  best plan will  be  to  lot  them  stay at home and produce grub,  and other things, at which they  are more competent, and let the  English speaking        population  take it out of their hides afterwards.���������Kaslo Kootcnaian.  Um������3em3S3S&r!S$E!  PAINTING  PflPER-MNGING  K/1LS0MINING  TERMS MODERATE,  DALY'AVE.   -   -   flEDLEY, E.G.  XKS  NEILSOM'S. the Chocolates that are different.  In Bulk and Boxes.  NELSON'S   LUXURY   TOFEE,   a   delicious  .   confection.    This is worth trying..  Ice Cream, Sodas, Cones, Buttermilk.  T. :H. ROTHERHAM  SIR R. L. BORQEN .  ���������  Who is facing the most difficult situation "of'any government  leader since Confederation.  The death occurred last week  in Victoria of Charles II. Lugrin,  for a number of years editor of  the Victoria Colonist, and one  ablest editorial writers in Canada. Deceased was a native of  of New Brunswick, 71 years of  age, a graduate of tlie  Univer  ST'  .') **  fry-  -rl  pi-ae-  twm  **f&������>*  **Wr  asEXicrsjsrx  EDLEY GAZETTE  RTMENT  3������*~  ���������  WHEN YOU ARE IN NEED OF-  Lottcrheads  Billheads  Envelopes  Statements  Meal Tickets  Milk Tickets ..'-  Ball Programs  Posters'  Dodgers, Dates  Circulars  Invitations  Business Cards  Bills of Pare  Memo Heads  "  Butter "Wrappers  Visiting Cards  TRY US == WE GIVE SATISFACTION  eles clear and interesting. Never  bitter   and    always   charitable  towards   his    opponents,   gave  him  the respect  of those who  did not at all  times agree with  the    editorial     policy    of   the  Colonist.    His  death   will   be a.  persona! loss to those of us who  were in   the   habit  of- turning  first to the editorial page of the  Colonist.     .  The Conscription measure is  being talked to death in the  federal house. One of the  chief amendments to the bill is  "conscription of wealth." There  will be conscription  of wealth  DR, T. F. P-OBINSON  Dentist.  Office with Dr. Lewis, Oroville, Wash.  . ri V  A.  F.  &  A. M.  It KUl'LA K monthly mui-Miii*-.*- of  I..-1I.-V   I n,|Lr,.   \'���������.   |;|.   ,\    I-'. f.\.\.  M���������  .-���������i-.-;rjli).';,  VV. ftl  ���������-. !-. 11 A.\) 11. TON  Secretary  J  L. O.L.  Tim Regular    nieclin'.rs of  Hedley Lodge  171!  are Held tjii  j*y  the   lh-.sl. and  third  Monday  in  ,f=M_.^I every utoiitli in the Orange llnll  ���������^^livH^SSP   Ladies meet 2uil and I Tuordays  Visitin-f hi-ethoi-ri arc cordially invited  W. I/JXSDALI'*, V\*. JVI.  II. K. .IOXK.S, Sco't.  CAj&i^A  ������������������������������������ ���������   -  <r,".'.   n-y.  tiMwi ritu'u l/tiiiip  No. 15662  Modern Woodmen  of America  Moots in Fr.-iti'Diity Hall lln* Tliii-d  Thitrsdoy irr ench mnrrtli at S p. m.  a.    Aiuj._v.tj.    j. amru, oierk.   I Support the Home Paper.  1  1  Synopsis of Coal Mining- Ic^iilatioiis  QOAL rniiiiiiir vlglita of Uie Dotninlon, ir  .7 -i.M."'"--?.l"1' S"Hk;ik*.liewivn and AlberUi.  tho InU-oii Ioi'i'itory. the North-west Tcrr-1-  tones and in n jiortion of the Frovlnco of British Columbia, may he leased fora torm of  Hveiity-one years at an annual rental of 31 nri  acre.    Not more  than ''...tIVi aems \v|    ho leased  .vj;iilu.itit.ti lor it icjim; nair-t ue inuilu by liii-  -.i|_i|iliciinl. in person lo ihe Affentor Siib-Aicent  arei-iiiialwl''' '" Wll"!l' tllU "KUb* 'l',|,Iiot''for  In siirvcyeil territory the land inust bo des-  crilieil by .s-fjctrons, or legal sub-divisions of  seot'ons, nnd m unstu-vcyed territory the tract  iiiinl'elf stilkwl ol,t      !'''������'������������������Vpliciint  i-;a<:li applieation  inust be aeeoinoaiiied bv  ituol  s,-. u'lueh will  bo refunded it'the ridit--  apphed tor are not available," but not other  wise.   A rov-a ty shnll be paid on the inercliawt-.  able output ol Lhe mine at the rate of five eeiit<*  per ton. .^v-..l.  Tho person operating the mine shall furnish  -l ������ f.,*-nnfc u'1.t:sw!-" ���������'���������-"tiiriid aeeountinK for  llio full (iiianlily of merehantable niiued  and iMiv the royalty thereon.   1 coal in ii-  il',nMi,?i s;iru !'"1 *J'J'������K "Derated sii returns ���������  should be lurnishcd it least onee a venr.  ���������, " "'V3?. "',),1 Ihfliulo tho eqal ini'iiinp rights  only, but the lessee may bo pcrinil.tmllo pilr-  I'luisc u-hiiioyer .-ivnilalilo sui-'fui-e rights niny  ���������h-qiii.-ii.t,ifii iieenssui'}' for the uorkinir of the  mine at. the rate of l?10.il(. i,.n aere  I'or full information application should be  marie to the beerelary ot'the Denartinent of  tho Interior, pttiiwu. or o any .-'.(ront) or Sub-  Afientor Uomiiiioii Lands, "  VV. W. COKV.  v u   .t       ^.-t'uP'ity Minister* of the Intorlor,  -N.B.-Uria!ithori--ed piiblication of this advor-  tlsonieiit will not bo paid for. 1" Gm  if  if  r^i  sr&Wi-S'-^y^j^^  :���������' ,-trvuwf t. ar -rsu ������vj.-j  rzz  ���������*|   j'g'v*

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