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The Hedley Gazette Jul 27, 1916

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 mmm  WMMW  x .  ^���������������r������������R,_{.   ___    ,������.  mar J0  '���������' v I  ' *f-|  .-' 'At*  i Volume XII.      Number 28.  HEDLEY, B.C., THURSDAY, JULY 27,  1916.  $2.00, In Advance  JflS. CLARKE  U/atchmaker  HEDL.BY, B. C  iciocks and Watches Tor Sale.  ���������avel by-Auto|...  Call up Phone No. 12  I good stock of Horses and Bigs on  fHand. , II Orders for Teaming  promptly attended to.  WOOD    FOR   SALE!  PALACE,  lery, Feed & Sale Stables  5  HEDLEY   B. C.  lie 12. D. J.   INNIS Proprietor  HOMPS   N  PHONE SEYMOUR 5913  JrOK. WEBTKRN CANADA  [mmell Laird & Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturers  Sheffield, Eng.  laces and Warehouse, 847-63 Beatty Street  Vancouver, B. C.  A. F. & A. M.  REGULAR monthly meetingsi of  Hedley Lodge No. -13, A. P. & A. M.,  are hold on the second Friday, in  na month in Fraternity hall, Hedley. Visiting  lihren are cordially invited to attend.  '..SPRQULE,  W. M  S. E. HAMILTON  Secretary  L.O. L.  The Regular    meetings of  Hedley Lodge 1714 are held on  the  first and third Monday in  every month in the Orange Hall  ���������Ladies meet 2nd and 4 Mondays  litlng brethern are cordially invited  AV. LONSDALE, ,AV. M.  H. E. HANSON, Sec't.  |R. F>.  BROW/N  British Columbia Land Surveyor  Tel. No. 27 P. O. Dkawkb lBO  IPENTICTON,       -       -       B. C.  P. W. GREGORY  CIVIL  KNGUNEER and BRITISH-  COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building  Princeton  .LTER CLAYTON C.   E.   HASKINR  CLAYTON & HASK1NS  Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.  MONEY TO LOAN  PENTICTON,        -        B. C.  ledley Opera House  fl. I. JONES, "Aanafler  large,  commodious  hall for  lances or other entertainment.  Uis������^^t^^-a^'j������'j������'a������<^^^M-������-**i^*������^**������*_;  X  Qrand Union |  Hotel I  X  HEDLEY,   British Columbia x  j**  ���������'��������������������������������������������� -;  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  i  Bar Stocked with Best Brands *  l of Liquor and Cigars ���������$   =-==-=-= $  5  A.   WINKLER,     Proprietor. %  K 3  ' iT^WIIMJWIIII ������������������*������������������������  -*������������������"  iPLEY BflEAT  /l     ���������   B   ���������   B  All kinds of fresh ?vnd  cured meats always on  hand, Fresh Fish on  sale   evex*y  Thursday.  R. J. EDMOND, Prop.  AT  NORTHERN  HOTEL  >^k HEDI EY B.C.  ' IMiflMd Table the Best.   Rates Moderate  '  5% First Class Accommodation  '���������JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor  ?1*i  C   KEREMEOS ITEMS.   J  Lance-Corp'l Venty Avas in  town on'_ Sunday and spent the  day.  Mr. A. E. Hargreaves is in  toAvn reneAving old acquaintan-  tances.  Mr. D. McCurdy of Similkameen Avas in toAvn on Monday  on business.  Mr. and Mrs: D. J. Innis and  family motored to Hedley on  Monday and spent the day.  Mrs. D. J. Taylor and daughter, Miss Helen, of South Keremeos were in toAvn on Thursday.  Mr. Bayiey lectured here  Wednesday on Prohibition. He  comes from Winnipeg and is  touring the province during  his holidays.  Word reached here last Aveek  that Miss Ina Harrison passed  her full course, junior grade.  Her many friends heartily congratulate her on being so successful.  Mrs. H. Tweedle of Keremeos  Center returned home on Monday after spending a few days  visiting her mother, Mrs. London of Chopaka. Her mother  accompanied her home and will  spend a Aveek here.  Miss Mabel Manery of Similkameen and her cousin, Miss  Eva Conklin, of Vernon, avIio is  spending a month at the Manery ranch, were A'isiting Avith  Miss Winnie Manery, here on  Friday.  Rev. Mr. Clelland Avill hold  service here on Sunday, July  30th, both morning and evening. Mr. Clelland will be accompanied by his wife and will  leave here Monday night on a  trip to Portland, Ore.  Some little excitement was  caused here on Friday evening  Avhen the barber shop caught  lire. The bucket brigade got to,  Avork and soon the lire Avas extinguished and the barber and  Peck McSAvain Avere never more  in their senses for the past six  Aveeks than when it Avas all  over.   '  A disastrous fire, caused by  the explosion of a gasoline engine, occurred at the home of  Mr. V. Quaedvlieg on Saturday,  Avhen his barn and dairy Avere  completely destroyed. The men  had been working very hard  that day finishing the second  crop of hay and had just put in  the last load Avhen the explosion occurred, over thirty-six  tons of hay being lost. The loss  is estimated at betAveon three  anp four thousand dollars, with  no insurance.  The first Aveekly half holiday  Avas celebrated on Wednesday  and appeared to be appreciated  by the merchants, if not by  their clerks. While the first  day caused some inconvenience  to out-of-town buyers it is hoped  .that after it becomes Avell  known the public Avill assist by  making their purchases at other  times during tfte Aveek, and for  the local shoppers the cry of  i'do your Wednesday shopping  early" should be. a sufficient hint,  Mr. E. S. Busby, the chief inspector of customs, accompanied  by Mr. Munn, district inspector,  and his assistant, Mr. Lennie,  Ayere in town on Sunday for a  few hours. Dr. Jermyn of  Osoyoos brought them in from  Penticton in his car and taking  them through to Oroville, from  whence they Avill visit the points  in. the Boundry district. This  is Mr. Busby's first visit to Keremeos since 1908, at which time  he _,waa inspector for this dis-  distriet, and he found considerable improvement in the valley  since that time.  Mr. O. H. Carle is up the line  looking after his Avork as forest  guard.  Miss Mary Taylor of South  Keremeos spent the Aveek end  with Mrs, Carle.  Mr. and Mrs. D. J.' Innis were  visitors-to Penticton on Thursday and. spent,the day.  Mr. and Mrs. French and  friends . of Hedley motored  through town on Sunday.  Pte. Cecil Harrison arrived  home from Vernon on Saturday  to help his father Avith the haying.  Boy Connors of the B. C, Copper company Avas in town on  Friday on his Avay to Copper  mountain.  The Boy Scouts with their  leader, Rev. F. Stanton, left for  Horn lake on Tuesday for a ten-  days' outing.  . Miss Violet Honey Avell and  W. Thomson Avere the ones who  passed their entrance exams  here this year.  Mr. Geo. Riddle of Hedley  passed through town on Sunday Avith a load of travelers  for Penticton.   ' .  Mr. and Mrs. Burr and family  of Hedley motored down on  Sunday and spent the day with  Mr. and Mrs. Manery.  Miss Yates returned to her  home in Vancouver on Saturday  after spending a delightful two  weeks Avith Mrs. Frith.  Mrs. Richardson of Olalla left  on Thursday's train for the  coast, where she Avill spend the  summer Avith relatives.  Mr. J. J. Armstrong and Mr.  Carmichael visited Penticton on  Thursday arid attended the  Fruit GroAvers' Association for  the day.  Mesdames CaAvston and Taylor of South-Keremeos, and Mr.  Dick CaAvston, jr., left on Monday for Princeton to spend a  few days.  Mr. A. Morrison's neAv car arrived last week-and Mr. Bernie  is "treating many of his friends  to a ride around the toAvn these  nice evenings.  Mr. aud Mrs. BoAven returned  home from Vernon on Friday.  While there they had the pleasure of seeing the Duke and  Duchess of Con naught and  daughter, Princess Patricia.  Mr. and Mrs. Orser and Miss  Hornsberger had Avhat might  haA'-e resulted in a serious accident. While on their Way to  Oroville the car skidded and  overturned, but the occupants  came out safe and sound.  The monthly missionary meeting Avas held at the home of  Mrs. F. B. Gibson. Some interesting readings wei*e given, afr  ter the general routine work  had been gone through, after  Avhich the hostess served a delicious repast.  Owing to the short notice the  second Avork day picnic held in  the park last Wednesday afternoon Avas not so Avell attended  as Avas the first one, Those who  turned out, however, did considerable work and enjoyed the  supper provided by the ladies.  It was decided by the, committee that a regular day be set  for the next three months, and  th������ first Wednesday in each  month Avas decided on. These  days should put the park in  good shape by the fall, or at  least sIioav such an improvement that the woi*k Avill be carried on next year and an earlier  start made than Avas mtide this  year. The possibilities are great  for providing not only a good  picnic ground but also an ideal  place for recreation in many  lines of sport, ancl it is not only  that the location is excellent  but the fact that all improvements tire of a permanent nature, makes the work of preparation much more encouraging.  TOWN AND DISTRI6T  O. H. Carle, fire warden, Keremeos, Avas in town yesterday.  Robt. Strachan, mine inspector, Avas in from Merritt ^yesterday.  Mrs. MicheJl of Penticton is  spending the Aveek Avith friends  in town.  Hugh Hunter, government  agent at Princeton, Avas in toAvn  this morning.  Mrs. R. Wheeler and family  leave today for an extended  visit in California.  The Tennis club dance Avill be  held in the Opera house tonior-  i*oav evening, 28th inst.  John Simpson, chief of provincial police for this district,  came in on the Oroville train'  this morning.  D. McCurdy has been gazetted  returning officer for the Similkameen electoral district. R.  J. Carmichael is his deputy.  The matron Avishes to thank  Mr. Pearson of, Keremeos for  donations of new potatoes and  green peas to the Hedley hospital.  Superintendent Phillips has a  force of men at Avork putting  new poles on the government  telephone ��������� system betAveen  Princeton and Keremeos.  . W. and Mrs. Pugh left Friday  last for Revelstoke, Avhere Mr.  Pugh has accepted a position.  A' large number of friends Avere  at,the station to see them off  arid extend Avell Avishes for the  **���������  future.  A  Harry Rose has got this end  of the Princeton road in good  shape for about seven -miles  from Hedley. From' there on"  to about ten miles from Prince-  there are portions of the road  that need repairs very much.  In the published list of successful candidates at the r-ecent  entrance examinations are the  folloAving: Hedley���������Ina Boyd,  644; George D. Beale, 550; Hugh  McKenzie, 550. Keremeos-Wm.  G. Thompson, 628; Violet E.  Honeywell, 559.  Major Megraw, inspector of  Indian agencies came in Satur-  day and left Sunday morning.  He and a representative of the  agricultural department are  inspecting, awarding prizes for  the best kept farms in the different agencies  McSwain at Keremeos and  dropped ' him at Greenwood.  Peck is now taking Cure No,  13������ in the Boundary center of  Christian Science endeavor.  A subscriber asked this Aveek  AvhyAvedidn.t publish more Hed-  neAvs   and   mentioned    several  persons who were aAvay on a  visit; also others who Avere advancing along the various stages  or processes towards that blissful state Avhere younge people  get a license to enable them to  tell each other the' truth. We  don't knoAV everyone in this  community, and can't tell by  intuition whether they are going to marry, die or visit. We  would like to print all the neAvs  of the town and district, but  can't do it Avithout your assist  ance. The chief interest of a  local paper to one Avho has  moved away from the toAvn is  the personal column) We still  subscribe for the - home paper,  and it is more interesting than  ever, for it gives the names of  sons and grandsons at the front  of boys and girls Avith Avhom  Ave associated thirty and forty  years ago���������all doing their part  nobly, and making Canada a  world name.  throughout the  province.  J. McNulty of Phoenix arrived  in toAvn this Aveek and has gone  up to his claims on Nickel Plate  mountain. Mr. McNulty is an  old-timer in both the Boundry  and the Similkameen and has  large mining interests in both  districts. He expects to be here  about a month.  Mrs. J. H. Bromley and Mrs.  J. Turner will give a dance at  the Bromley residence Saturday  evening in honor of Ptes Bromley and HayAvard, avIio are home  on leave. As there was not time  to issue special invitations to  their many friends, this general  invitation is given. Everybody  Avelcome.  Colonel Robert Stephenson  of Princeton came in yesterday  evening and left for home this  morning. He has just returned  from a visit to his Summit  properties. The colonel has  been identified Avith mining in  B. C. since 1862. He and Hugh  Campbell of Princeton and Jim  Copeland of Bridesville are  about the only real old-timei's  left in the Similkameen and the  the Boundary districts.  Murdoch Mclntyre and family  of Merritt Avere here this Aveek  on their Avay home after an  auto trip to Phoenix. On their  Avay over they picked up Peck  Liberal Meeting.  A meeting of the Hedley Liberal Association Avill be held in  Fraternity Hall, Monday evening, July 31st, at 8'o'clock. All  opponents of the BoAvser government invited.  J. K. Fraser, Secretary.  Men's Tennis Singles.  In the tennis tournament,  men s singles, C. E. Prior won  out in the finals. FolloAving is  the the play:  '.*-...'    .     FIRST  ROUND.  "~B." W. KnoAvles defeated H.  D. Barnes, 6-0, 6-0.  C. E. Prior defeated T. Terry,  6-0, 6-1.  B. Rolls defeated C. P. Dalton  6-1, 6-4.  G. Jones defeated R. Wheeler  6-2, 4-6, 6-4.  W. Cormrck defeated H.  Jones 6-2, 6-3.  L. BroAvn defeated W. Lonsdale. 6-0, 6-4.  B. Jones  defeated V. Zacher  son 6 1, 5-7, 6-4.  SSCOND  ROUND.  C. E. Prior defeated B. W.  KnoAvles 6-1, 9-7.  B. Rolls defeated G. Jones  6-1, 6-1.  W. Cormack defeated Leo.  Brown 6-1, 4-6, 8-6.  THIRD  ROUND.  C. E. Prior defeated B. Rolls  6-0, 6-0.  B. Jones defeated W. Cormack 8-6, 6-2.  FINAL  ROUND.  C. E. Prior defeated B. Jones  6-0, 6-0, 6-2.  WHICH  IS  BETTER  FOR BRITISH  COLUMBIA?  Government Control of the Liquor  Traffic or Unregulated Importation of Unlimited Quantities of Liquor.  Which is better for British  Columbia ? The regulation and  control of the liquor traffic by  the provincial and municipal  authorities through a license  system or the policy of unlimited, unregulated and unrestricted importation of liquor, with  absolutely no general or local  control, as proposed by the B.  C. Prohibition Act?  The above is a fair statement  of a question on Avhich the electors of this province Avill cast a  referendum vote on September  14th.  "That the Prohibition Act  Avill not prohibit" is now generally admitted by the electors  (among them many Prohibitionists) in all parts of the Province, and, in the face of the inclusion   of    the    "wide   open"  clause Avhich states, "Nothing  in this act shall be construed to  interfere���������(a) With the ' right  of any person to import from  Avithout the province liquor for  bona fide use in his private  dAvelling house," ,it Avill be impossible for any man to successfully contend that the measure  will prohibit.  What then would be the result should the Prohibition Act  be approved by'the electors. ? ���������  Just this, and  nothing more.  In place of the present method  of selling liquor  under government license  (carrying 'with it  the right of  the  authorities to  regulate and control  the-business as Avell   as   amend  these  regulations according to  existing conditions) it Avould mean  that liquor might.be imported  in unlimited   quantity,-! orders  being placed as frequently as  the  purchaser desires, Avithout  the least control  or regulation  by the government,���������so long as  orders  are  placed outside ��������� the  province.     It   means,   for - the  sake    of   illustration,   that   it  Avould be legal -for the reader  to place a standing order Avith  any   liquor, dealer   outside, of  British  Columbia for a daily,  Aveekly or*monthly, supply  of  liquor,    the    shipments - being  made   regularly   according    to  the   order   just   as   long as- a  monthly  account for  the purchase Avas met.    Well  may the  reader  ask,   " Is   this   Prohibition ?"   and  Avell may Prohibitionists, Avho are to an amazing  extent    ignorant    of   the   real  meaning  of   the   measure,  declare  that  such a condition is  impossible under the" Act.    But  it is  possible; in fact,, the Apt.  .  Avhich   has t been 1 approved  by  the Prohibition  leaders,  places  -'  special    stress    on   the   "Avide -  open" privilege to import.  * Clause 57' of the Prohibition  Act (quoted above) is a "'blue  sky" clause. It places ho limit  on the amount of liquor which  may be ordered at one time. It  makes no stipulation as to the  frequency Avith AAdiich such  orders may be placed.-It-makes  no provision AvhateA'er for government khoAA'Iedge or regulation of the shipments.  Under such conditions the  reader is asked to judge for  himself Avhether the Prohibition  Act does not provide for all the  liquor the citizens of British  Columbia want coming into the  proA-ince, Avithout let or hindrance, regulation or control by  the authorities.  Is such a condition for the  best-interests of the province?  Is it AA-ise to throw overboard  the license laAvs now prevail-,  ing in British Columbia, under  which there has been built up a  hotel system of the highest,  standard,���������to give up the right  of stiict regulation and control  now exercised in general by the '  -province aud in particular by  local license commission and to  substitute for this tried plan  legislation which alloAATs liquor  to come into the proA-ineo by  importation just as freely as it  is now distributed but without  government regulation or control to the slightest degree ?  The reader is now asked to  again consider the question  Avith Avhich this article opened:  "Which is the best for British '  Columbia,���������the regulation and  control of the liquor traffic by  the proA*incial and municipal  authorities through the existing license system, or the policy  of unlimited, unrestricted and  unregulated importation of  liquor, with absolutely 110 general or local control, as is proposed by the B. C. Prohibition  Act?" *  returning  The name of the  officer gazetted -for the Sloean  Electoral district i.s John W. M:  Tinling. Tin Ling is good AATith  or Avithout the initials.  Thirty AA'omen  are practicing  dentistry in Missouri.  Women are  employed as 1111-  diggers in  dertakers  and gra\Te  Austria.  Hedley Methodist Church  FRANK STANTON, B. A.  Minister  Services will be held the 2nd and  -ith Sundays of the month  .���������1I8.OO p. in.  PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH  Services   every   alternate Sunday   at  8.00 p.m'j  Rea\ Roberts WiiXiams, Pastor.  K  * L **��������� "    ^ Y "-J \    T.        it i      i������.\  J.*i*i*!T  Wl-^.i,  , ' /*>    ���������������������������".!���������      <3',"r-.   /.  *-!.  m^^MM4^MiiA������  LuL  mm  ���������i '^i-kiMM^vM^-ii^M^^!^^ mm  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  ;!  w  ii*  ���������!!i  I,  ti'  m  Iff  l-i i'  It  11 f  "U  '���������   ."���������.  fill  Ml!  1^  f;|  'Il  J! '!  >3 !  ill  I  TOO LITTLE BLOOD  MEANSJUCH MISERY  That   is    What    Makes    People    Pale,  Weak . and   Languid.  The one source of most of the misery  that affects men aud women and  growing children, is poverty of the  blood. If you consult a doctor' he  says you are anaemic, which really  means bloodless. That is what makes  people drag along, always tired, never  real hungry, .often unable to digest  their food, breathless after the slightest exertion, and too often on the  verge  of   complete breakdown.   -,  More weak,    anaemic people    have  been made strong, energetic and cheerful by taking Dr. Williams Pink Pills  than   by   any   other  means.      These  pills  actually  make  new, rich  blood  ���������which reaches every part of the body,  strengthens the nerves and brings new  health and strength.   The.following is  proof of  Dr.  Williams   Pink  Pills to  restore health. Mr. Geo. Turraer, New  Haven, N. S., says:���������"No doubt due to  constant hard work I got in a badly  run down condition. It took very little  exertion  to tire me, and my appetite  ���������was far.from being good.   Often I line!  headaches, and when going up stairs,  or after any slight exertion my heart  would palpitate violently, and I grew  considerably alarmed   about  my  condition.   I decided to take Dr. Williams  Pink Pills and after using a few boxes  I felt much better.   I.continued.'using  the pills for some weeks longer,' and  they    completely    cured me.      I can  ���������warmly, recommend this medicine to  men who are weak or run down."  You can get these pills through any  medicine dealer or by mail, post paid,  at 50 cents a.box or six boxes for  $2.50 from The Dr. Williams Medicine  Co., Brockville, Ont:  Forestry Farms  Changing  the Treeless  Prairie   Into  a  Park-Like   Country  "Saskatchewan   requires   more   Forestry Farms.   Then there would be at  least two lectures continuously on the  road to hold meetings, giving lectures  on  forestry^   shelter-belts,   etc.      The  gospel     of    tree-planting    should   be  brought   to   farmers.     These   lectures  could   take the  names   and  locations  of farmers who are anxious and ready  to plant trees, send in the lists to the  head  office  in  the province,   and  inspectors   should   be   sent   out   to   examine   'each    farm, so    as to advise  farmers   where  to  plant,  ancl   how  to  'prepare the ground for the following  year's planting.    It is all right to expend money on the general Conservation   Commission  to  enthuse   citizens  the Dominion- over on  what our natural ������������������.''��������� resources  are    and   how    they  should be conserved, but the practical  -working   end  of  the  problem   should  not be., neglected.    Give Saskatchewan  forestry   farms  and  practical   men   to  meet   progressive   farmers,   and   in'��������� u  few vyears  the    treeless,    wind-swept  prairies would be changed to a parklike   icountry,  with    trees  on    every  ���������farm.'"���������Saskatchewan Farmer.  Foe Ships in American  Harbors  There are eighty-eight German, and  twelve Austrian ships in American  ports with a total net tonnage of 308,-  479, lying idle on account of the war.  The merchant ships may leave when  they like, but warships must remain  till the termination of the war. The  reason why none' of the merchantmen.leave port is because the Allies  maintain an effective patrol outside  the three mile .limit.  Conscientious Objectors  Various Ways to Use in the War Those  Who Object to Carrying a Rifle  The New York Times says:-Recent  talk about the possibility of a war  out of which this country could not  keep or be kept -has. revealed the existence here of people who have or  profess conscientious scruples in doing  their part with other citizens in such  a contingency... and sharing the common risks. There is interest for us,  therefore, in seeing how another country with the same problem has handled 'it.  The English have shrewdly decided  that scruples against fighting, to be  conscientious and deserving of recognition���������to be sincere, that is, and not  a mere cloak for cowardice or treason  ���������must have been entertained and  expressed for some time before the  war began. The Quakers, Plymouth  Brethren, and others who can meet  that tost are excused from becoming  out-and-out soldiers, serving in ��������� the  trenches and shooting or shooting at  those whom they call their fellow-  men. But they are not let off altogether. They are conscripted like  other people, yet only as non-combatants, and they have to use the  spade instead of "the rifle.  Curiously    enough,   this_  seems  to  satisfy their delicate consciences, anri  apparently  they  fail  to  realize    that  the work they do is just as much a  part, of .war  as that of anybody  else  who is engaged in it, and that it has  a  very "direct, bearing on  the deaths  of the Germans or others who try to  take the .trenches they dig.     Indeed,  it  is reported  they are  proud of  the  fact that  though   they  do^no killing  themselves,  :, not   infrequently     their  work takes them under fire, and that  their lives are by no means safe.        '  It is to be hoped that our own conscientious    objectors    will -be equally  illegorical and inconsistent when their  time of trial  comes,'if ever it does.  At  any  rate,  the   British  solution  of  the problem is well worth keeping in  mind, for even if it should tend to increase the membership of sects of the  religio-pacifist sort no great harm will  be done.    Modern war needs the service of as many civilians or non-combatants as of men taking part in the  actual fighting, and those thus engaged are as honorably employed as are  those  on  the  firing  line,   though,   of  course, they haven't the same opportunities of acquiring glory and do not  share the stern joys of battle.  TheyAllWent  .;.--." Away To^  P.    A.     BONNOT'S     h'HEUMATISM  CURED BY DODD'S KIDNEY PILLS  And With It Went Mil Those Symptoms Which Mark the Earlier Stages  of Kidney Trouble.  Grand .Clairiere, Man., (Special.)���������  "All persons who suffer from rheumatism should use Dodd's Kidney Pills."  This is the! statement volunteered by  Mr. P. A. Boirnot,: a well-known resident of this place. Asked to give the  reasons why Mr. Bonnot said:  "I suffered for three years from  rheumatism. I consulted a doctor  without getting any results. Four  boxes of Dodd's Kidney Pills fixed me  up." ,.���������.-, , .  That rheumatism is caused by sick  kidneys failing to strain the uric acid  out of the blood was again shown in  Mr. Bonnot's case. I-Iis earlier symptoms were: heart flutterings, broken  and unrefreshing sleep, fitful appetite, a tired nervous feeling, a heaviness after, meals, neuralgia and backache;  When; he   cured   his   kidneys   with  Dodd's Kidney Pills the rheumatism  and  all  the  other  symptoms of  kid  ney trouble disappeared.  Hudson Bay Railway  Minard's Liniment- Co.', Limited.  Dear Sirs,���������This fall I got thrown  on a fence and hurt my chest very  bad, so I could not.work and it hurt  me to breathe. I tried all kinds of  Liniments and they did me no good.  One bottle of MUSTARD'S Liniment,  warmed on flannels and applied on  my breast, cured me completely.  C.  H.  COSSABOOM.  v  Rossway, Digby Co., N.: S.  Capital of Portugal  Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, has  a population of about half a million.  Its harbor is one of the finest in the  ���������world, and large enough to hold all  the navies of Europe. The greatest  earthquake on record occurred at Lisbon when, in 1755, in less than ten  minutes, the greater part of the city  was made a heap of ruins, and from  30,000 to 40,000 persons killed.  Defeat  What is defeat? Nothing but education, nothing but the first step to  something better.  In this Matter  of Health  one  is- either  with   the  winners  or with the losers.  It's largely a question of right  eating���������right food. For sound  health one must cut out rich,  indigestible foods and choose  those that are known to contain  the elements that build sturdy  bodies and keen brains.  is a wonderfully balanced food,  made from whole wheat and  barley. It contains all the nutriment of the grain, including the  mineral phosphates, indispensable in Nature's plan for body  and brain rebuilding.  Grape-Nuts is a concentrated  food, easy to digest. It is economical, has delicious flavour,  comes ready to eat, and has  helped thousands in the winning  class.  "There s a Reason"  Canadian Postum Cereal Co., TC,td.,  Windsor, Ont.  Meat  Production  In the United States between 1900  and 1913 the population increased 24  per cent., while cattle decreased 30  per cent. In Russia, Argentina and  Brazil there were also decreases. In  France, Germany and the United  Kingdom, and Austria-Hungary there  were slight increases, but only in ] mlimnS  France at the same ratio as the population. In Australia alone was there  relatively a greater growth in the'  number of cattle than of people. In  Canada the population during the  period mentioned increased 35 per  cent., but in cattle only 20 per cent.  Those facts are surely pregnant with  significance of the opportunity that  lies before Canada in the breeding of  cattle. The same state of things exists, only in a more emphatic way,  as regards sheep, und even as regards swine the depletion last, year  was of such extent as to produce a  certain measure of scarcity this year.  It Will Cure a Cold.���������Colds are the  commonest ailments of mankind and  if neglected may lead to serious conditions. Dr. Thomas' Electric Oil will  relieve the bronchial passages of inflammation speedily and thoroughly  and will strengthen them against  subsequent attack. And as it eases  the inflammation it will stop the cough  because it allays all irritation in the  throat.   Try it and prove it.  The area planted to corn in Manitoba increased from 30,430 acres in  1914 to 52,713 acres in 1915, according  to the official crop report. In view  of the damage to the crop by frosts,  the report makes this comment:  "Wliile the condition in 1915 cannot  fail to create disappointment among  farmers regarding corn, this crop is  so firmly established in many of the  older districts that it will continue  to increase in popularity. In view  of the unfavorable season for corn  growing, there is every reason to warrant our confidence that this crop is  still one of our most profitable fodder  crops.  Farming is not a mere occupation.  It is a business, a study, and one that  requires brain ' work. The same old  kind of brain work that was needed  to put one in shape for the school examination. This is the kind of work  that makes farming successful.  Minard's   Liniment   Cures   Garget   in  Cows.  Will Shorten Haul tu Tide Water and  Open New Lands for Settlement  The Hudson Bay Railroad, ..which  has its northern terminus at Port  Nelson, will shorten the land haul of  gram from the wheat fields of the  west, to the Atlantic ocean. by, over  a thousand miles. And the total distance between the prairie farms and  European ports will not-be increased.  This of course, is the chief object  in building the road. But it wilt also  serve another, purpose, that of opening up a new territory for permanent  settlement. Pessimists tell us that  this country is not suitable to permanent occupation, that it is cold  and barren, with nothing to entice  the pioneer to live within its borders.  We were told much the same regarding other parts of the Dominion which  are now looked upon as veritable gardens of fertility. The Peace River  district may be mentioned as an example.  We are told that the country opened  up by the new railroad has frost every  month in the year with the possible  exception of July. This may be a serious handicap to successful farming  operations yet -we,must remember that  in the three prairie provinces last  year, there was not one month in  which frost did not occur. Yet in  this climate 600.000,000 bushels of  wheat were grown, during the season.  Also the Yukon district is said to  produce vegetables as fine as any to  be seen in other parts of the Dominion,  and it lies well up to the Arctic circle.  There seems to be no reason to  doubt that a large local trade will be  established along the Hudson Bay  road. The forests contain valuable  timbers, which in addition to furnishing material for export, will prove  a boon to the pulp and allied industries of Canada. Again, it is a country of great mineral wealth, which,  when once opened up, will lead to  further and further development in  operations. The fish, too,  with which the rivers and lakes teem,  will be another source of wealth.  When we read the reports furnished  by the topographical survey for 1916,  and also the reports of those who  either for pleasure or for business,  have visited this now little known  territory, we' fail to see how anyone  should or could be doubtful regarding  the advisability of opening up the  country.  Choked for Air. Some little irritant  becomes lodged in the bronchial tubes,  others gather, and the awful choking  of asthma results. Nothing offers quite  such quick ancl positive relief as Dr.  J.-D. Kellof-T's Asthma Remedy. The  healing, soothing smoke or vapor penetrates, clears the passages and gives  untold relief. Usually it completely  cures. It has behind it years of success'. It is the sure remedy for every  sufferer.  Taxicabs of the Air  By so much of practical preparation  as lies in the formation of an operating company, the signing of a contract with a manufacturer and the  search for a riverside hangar site, the  dream of an aeroplane passenger service to, from and about New York  has advanced toward fulfillment. We  are invited to contemplate tentatively  the idea of taxicabs which shall come  flying instead of wheeling at our call.  Presumably it will be a long time  before this transit scheme shall reach  the state of complete working foreseen by the men with the vision. In  no immediate tomorrow will the man  of affairs run his own flyer from Su- _  burbia to his office or the man of i  pleasure take his "evening's party to  an altitudinous roof-garden without  troubling about the lower floors and  the elevator. As to that part of the  new company's plans w"hich involves  service between New York and such  cities of easy reach as Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington���������why  not?���������New York World.  W.     N.  U.  1113  A   Back   Door   Dodge  When German meets German then  comes the tug of wits. The butchers  of Cologne do not at. all care for the  State organization of meat supplies.  One enterprising son of "Kultur"  secreted five tons of meat in his  premises and sold it to "good customers" at the back door. When  faced with the discovery, the wily j  butcher pointed to the regulations  which specified that the restrictions  only applied to meat sold over the  j counter. The law has been made  rnori specific.  I Canvasser (entering office): "I've  an attachment for your typewriter,  sir which I���������" Busy Man: "Well,  settle it with her. Your love affairs  are no concern of mine.**  Minard's   Liniment   Cures   Distemper.  The Kaiser���������the Voice of God  Major-General Sir A. E. Turner relating some stories about (he Kaiser���������  for the accuracy of which he vouches  ���������tells us how the Kaiser was regarded  by some of those around him as may  be gathered from the scene which  followed a celebrated speech.  When he had finished his bombastic  and silly oration, we are told that "an  old white-headed general,  von  K ,  even knelt before his Majesty to kiss  the hand that was gracefully extended  to him," and with deep emotion he  cried: "It is truly the voice of God  that has spoken out of your Majesty  as His worthy instrument to destroy  this nightmare of British supremacy  at sea, from which Germany has suffered all theae years���������and God's will  be done J"  Calculating Cows  Statistics     Prove, That   Cow    Testing  ���������Pays    for    the    Trouble  Many Times Over  In virtually any dairy district, probably among the herds supplying one  factory, it is'possible to find contrasts  running something like this: one herd  of 14 cows gives on the average 7,732  lb. milk and 248 lb. fat, while a neighbor's herd of 14 cows averages only  4,037 lb. milk and 155 lb. fat. Indeed,  in looking over the records in eleven  districts, the average difference between the high herd averages and the  low ones , amounted to 4,639 lb. milk  and 140 lb. fat per cow. This is certainly an extraordinary difference,  and indicates that it will pay to calculate what cows can do.      ''-,_,  Take-if another way: In 1914, sixty  patrons of two creameries began this  cow calculation, cow testing. It.was  lound in 1915 that their herds had  made a gain over their 1913 record of  71 pounds of fat per cow, a gain of  eight per cent. But on the other  hand the 1913 patrons of the same two  creameries who did riot go In for cold  calculations fell off 87 pounds of fat  per, cow, seventeen per cent.  If trie men not cow testing had  made, gains with their cows in the  two years as,those made who, were  testing, it would have meant an increase in the-output of 58,362 pounds  of butter!  It pays to test. Record forms are  furnished free of charge on application to the Dairy Division, Ottawa  State of Ohio, City 'of Toledo, u 'I  IYucas County, ss,  Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he is senior  partner of the firni of F. J. Cheney & Co., doing:  business in the City .of Toledo, County and State  aforesaid; and that said firm, will pay the sum of  ONE HUNDRED DOIXARS for each and every  case of Catarrh that cannot be cured,by the use  of HAI.I/S CATARRH CURE.  ;. FRANK J. CHENEY.       "  . Sworn to before  me  and, :subscribed in my  presence, this 6th day of December, A.D. 1886.  A. W. G*CEASON,  '.(Seat.) v Notary Public.  Hall's Catarrh  Cure is  taken  internally and  nets through the Blood on the Mucous Surfaces  of the System.   Send for testimonials, free. ,.,'-,  F.J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.  Sold by all drujrjrists, 75c. ,   ;  Hall's Family Pills for constipation.  The -Kurds, whose transfer of allegiance from Turkey to Russia in  consequence of the fall of Erzerum  is now alarming the: official world  at, Constantinople, trace back not  only to the Carduchi of classical days,  but far beyond that to the Turanian  Kurdir, who were a powerful nation  in Assyrian times. When Ninemeh'  fell they became merged in" the Medes  and up to today have been subject  partly to Persia and partly to Turkey.  Prevent Collisions in Darkness or.Fog  Announcement has been made that  William Marconi will bring out shortly  a new device which should .put an end  to danger of collisions between ships  in darkness or fog. It is described as  a simple contrivance, easily installed,  which will be operated from the  bridge of a ship.  NG BONES  ALL  Away   Go    the   Crutches,  Every Sufferer Made  Well Quickly  Old age is usually afflicted with  rheumatism. Very few'Jpast fifty escape  its tortures.  Many it bends and deforms. Upon  the countenances, of others it marks  the effects of its awful suffering.'  Neryiline ; will cure  rheiimatism. It takes  the pain out of throbbing   muscles    and  .������������������wollen    joints.     It  j untwists ��������� ���������'    gnarled'  knuckles.     It does this quickly and  surely.  Neryiline is not used internally. You  just rub it on���������lots of hard rubbing is,  required for a minute or two, and then  AND SORE JOINTS CURED!    ���������  TENDENCIES DESTROYEDi  I you feel Neryilrne penetrating through  the tissues; you feel it drawing out tlj|  congestion, feel it sink in deeper 'arff,  deeper till at last it touches the .cbre"l������  the joint or. the heart; :of the musc||  affected."..,.. .,...,   ..,....',-  .,.'., ���������'���������'������������������':.'M  :, You won't stay" in pain with Nerft'  line���������no one ever does.    Just: try it|tjf  you will be    amazed at its : magicj_  power over pain, a power it gets frcj|  the extracts and juices of certain raj|  herbs and roots it contains. It's har-j  less���������any   child   ,'clj  use    Nerviline,-   c|  . rub it on for a'.-.s-a  "throat,    for    a    "J  cold,   for  stiff  nejf  ,  for earache., No fel  ily remedy half so '"..useful.1':"''"     '    j  The large 50 cent _ bottle is the mf  j economical;  trial   size 25 cents.' J  dealers, or the Catarrhozone Co., Kij  I ston, 'Canada;        ���������'<:..*.���������-.    ':.'...- ���������;���������'.���������  , Baker's Bread in' Great Britain  "The ordinary whitened bread has  on occasions when, analysed been  found to contain ; wood-dust, borie-  _ dust, alum, sulphuric powder and  salts or magnesia, which, enables the  flour to take up far ; rnore than the  normal amount of water. As-this emasculated, flour known-in, the trade as  'seconds' is naturally of a grey arid  unattractive color, it is put through  a process of bleaching in order to  endeavor to give to it the look of pure  fine wheaten flour. There are two  principal ways of achieving this���������  both processes highly injurious, especially to the digestive organs 'and  teeth of children. One is the mixing  of alum with the flour, ..the ��������� other  bleaching it by means of chemical  fumes. There is no law 'to prevent  either,'and no, obligation.vto give the  purchaser any maximum of wheat,in  the loaf."���������Dr. Wm. A. Brend in the  Nineteenth Century.  F. J. Wolcott of the Rockefeller  Foundation, back from the war zone,  said in New York:  ''It's -a wonderful thing to see the  courage���������yes, even the gaiety���������that  the soldiers show under heart-breaking difficulties.  "An English officer, after a thaw,  went wading one morning knee-deep  down a trench.  "/Ah, Higgins, shaving, eh?' he  said to a ruddy Tommy.  :-.'.'. 'Yes, sir,' Tommy replied, with  a grin, 'and���������if you don't mind, sir���������  you're standing In < my shaving:  water.'"  Fighting or Paying  Nothing might well earn''*' grW*  disapprobation _. on the part' of<;,f  public than that; the wife' or" oil  dependent of an enlisted soldier sh of  suffer need. Is not the separati  from husband or son, with the d:i  and nights of anxiety that necessarl  follow, a sacrifice greater far than-1  dollars which are the contributiongj  those who escape these penalties fa  separation for many months,' and.p  haps forever? Besides, the'patric*  citizezn does not and will not cat  at paying. Even though,, here al  there to pay is a hardship, therei  recompense in the knowledge-that i|  in the history of the British Emp'F  has there been opportunity for so grig  ���������service to the cause of humanity a$  civilization.  "My mother always told me that in  taking you I was marrying beneath  my station."  -"Beneath your station, eh? That  wasn't a station your family had; it  was just a water tank."  Boy labor at the Woolwich Arsenal  fetches from $5 to $10 per week.'  Dickie, who had been reading' fij  dustriously for an hour, suddenly, w  countered a phrase in his book tr|  immediately aroused his thirst  knowledge. r_  "Pop," he said, "when is the frfj  dom of the city    given    to a man-M  Father hesitated not in imparting t|  desired information. '   ' '1  "When his wife goes to the counts  for the summer," he. said.  "Get a spoon,  Freddie. Mbther'.hj  something for, you."  "A big spoon or a little spoon?"  "What difference does it make?"  '   "Makes a heap  of difference. Is  medicine you got or ice cream?"���������Kaf  sas City Journal.  Van Dusen (at Van Rock's countijj  seat)���������Mr. Van Rock, I love the ve*!  ground your daughter walks on !      '$  Van Rock���������Well, it's for sale if-yd  have the price.     ���������  The political troubles in China havi  resulted in a cessation for the tin-fl  being of the exportation of silver.  THE RIGHT OIL IN THE RIGHT PLACE  NO lubricant is good enough tot every purpose. You don't want  to use the same oil on-a high-speed, low-power tractor as on a  low-speed, high-power tractor. You can't -use the same oil in your  thresher as you do on a spindle.  The Imperial Oil Company makes a special oil exactly suited  to every part of every farm machine.  STANDARD GAS ENGINE OIL  Recommended by leading builders.for all types of internal combustion engines,  whether tractor or stationary, gasoline or kerosene. It keeps its ��������� body at  high temperature, is practically free from carbon, and is absolutely uniform in quality.  PRAIRIE HARVESTER OIL  An excellent all-round lubricant for exposed bearings df harvesters and other  farm machinery.    Stays on the bearings; will not gum or corrode.  CAPITOL CYLINDER OIL  The most effective and economical lubricant for steam engine cylinder*;  proven superior in practical competition with other cylinder oils.  ELDORADO CASTOR OIL  A high-grade, thick-bodied oil for lubricating the loose bearings of farm  machinery, sawmills and factory shafting.  THRESHER HARD OIL  Keeps the cool bearing cool. Does not depend on heat or friction to cause  it to lubricate.  STEEL BARRELS���������All our oils can be obtained in 28-gallon and 45 gallon  ^. steel barrels.    These barrels save their cost by eliminating leak-  J j-i  ,-ivU  THE      GAZETTE,    ' HEDLEY,      B.  Advocates Mixed Farming  |Many  Clauses   Responsible  For  High  Living   Cost  The   commission   appointed   to   in-  |vestiga"te the  high cost of living in  "Janada finds that the Increase in the  Icost   of   living   during   the   past   15  (years, which has been practically 60  (per cent., ia  due  to the Increase  in  Ithe gold supply,    which reduces the  purchasing power of money; to mani-  Told fcrms of extravagance and wastage,   public   and   private,   Individual  lord social;    to restricted supply following   disproportionate   urban    development;   to prevailing methods Jf  distribution   and   marketing    of  pro-  [ucts;   to higher standards of living  |y both rich ..nd poor;  to inefficient  Service and lack of vocational train-  tig;  to the gospel of ease which has  faruieated   tne   national   life  of    the  jngio-baxon race;    to    uneconomical  jousehold  expenditure; -   and   to  the  feet  of  mergers,   trusts  and    com-  iines.  Among the remedies suggested are  ftre encouragement of land settle-  Tent; greater attention to mixed  krniing; increased production, with  fie standardization and improvement in the quality of farm products,  together with co-operation in the distribution; the extension of the parrels post system, and the making of  food roads; cheaper and more ac-  [essible working capital, especially  r-r the farmers of the west; and a  iomprehensive system of vocational  Taining to promote greater efficiency  If service in all lines', and a better  [nderstanding of the fundamental  [rinciples of production, marketing  |nd purchase.  The commissioners were Messrs.  John McDougald, commissioner of  lustoms; C. C. James, agricultural  loinmissioner; R. H. Coates, chief  Itatistician of the department of  labor, and J. H. Vincent, deputy minister of inland revenue, and their  rork occupied over two years.  Adopts a War Waif  The Sight of a Little Girl Touched tho  Hearts  of the  Foe  A'pathetic  war    romance    centres  l-ound a'bright little girl of some four  [���������-ears, who has just arrived at Belford,  |n charge of a sergeant-major of the  3elfordshire regiment, says the Lou-  ion Daily Telegraph.    She has spent  jver six months at the front with the  regiment, who have adopted her.  About eight months ago a company  lif the Berfords hires were marching  Jong, somewhere in France, for the  [first line of trenches, when one of  them named Pnilip Iniprey, found  |the child in a ditch by the roadside.  Jo one could go bacit, so they took  Ithe girl with ihern into the trench  [and made her as comfortable as possible.  The German trenches were about  Il5 yards away. One morning, to  jtheir horror, the men saw die child  Istanding above the trench on tne  lGerrhan side. Cries came from the  lenerny, but they were not hostile  Ithis time. The sight of the girl, little  flmore than an infant, touched their  (sentimental side, and she had offers  |of chocolate and Invitations to go  land see them. They did not'expose  j themselves any more than the Britisn.  lit was through the periscope that they  (saw the child, and one can imagine  [them crowding round to get a view of  [this reminder of home.  After-that the  girl went over the  [parapet.quite often.   She was as safe  [in.that danger zone   .as - if she had  i been behind the lines.    No    German  offered to harm her,    and once she  went    close    up    to    their first-line  I trench... ;.���������'.'       '**:' V  The eight days' trench duty ended;  the little daughter    of .the company  was taken back,   and was notallowed  to go between    the lines again.   She  was taken charge of by the company  stbreman,    who had children of   his  own,   and was greatly proud' of   the  skill in dressing and undressing the  child   and of his strictness about the  i morning bath.  A month after she was found, the  company thought that they' ought to  give her a name. Philip Imprey, who  had discovered her, was now dead,  and they gave her his ,surname,-with  Phyllis as the nearest approach to  Philip.  : After she had been six months with  the company, the sergeant-major was  wounded and came to a hospital at  home. The girl came with.him and  stayed in hospital, too, the pet of the  patients and nurses.  25 Zeppelins Lost  ;   Since War .began  Semi-Offlclal   Accounts   Record   Numerous Losses of Germany's Famous Flying Cruisers  Twenty-five Zeppelins have bean  lost since the war began, according to  lists published - in a semi-official  French and English newspapers,  which give the following dates-.  August 19, 1914���������Three wrecked  near Belgium.  August 30���������The Z8 wrecked near  BadonvIHar.  September 6���������One captured by the  Russians near Seradz.  December 30���������One destroyed by the  British at Cuxhaven.  January 27, 1915���������The Z19 lost near  Libau.  February 9���������One lost In a storm  in the North Sea.  February 17���������The L4 burned near  Nordby, Denmark.  February 18���������The L3, which took  part In the raid on Norfolk, England,  lost .in a snowstorm in Denmark.  March 2���������One wrecked In a storm  at Cologne.*  March 8���������The L8 broken In two  near- Tirlemont, and one lost in a  fog off Calais on the  same  day.  March ' 14���������One brought to earth  by Ally aeroplanes in Belgium.  April 14���������One wrecked near Thielt.  June 7���������One destroyed by Lieutenant Warneford. ���������  June 12���������One destroyed by bombardment at Evere, near Brussels.  September 9���������One wrecked by exv  plosion near Etoekel.  October 13���������One wrecked by explosion, at Polx-St. Hubert.  November 15���������One burned at - Grodno.  January 30, 1916���������The Zeppelin  which flew over Paris, damaged by  anti-aircraft guns and compelled to  fly low, on returning was wrecked  by collision with houses -near Ath,  Belgium.  January 31���������The L-19 lost in the  North Sea.  Sultan Did Not Want War1      A Tip to Merchants  A New Hay Sorghum  Sudan     Grass     Meeting     With   Great  Favor  Among  American   Farmers  A recent addition to our crop  plants is sure to prove of great value  to the South. Sudan grass was  brought to the United States from  Egypt in 1909, and no. other importation ever sprung into favor so quickly. It is now recognized as' the coming hay grass of Texas, and when  better known in the southeastern  states it will be almost as popular  there. In the immediate Gulf coast  region, however, it, like the other  sorghums,' is affected by the red-spot  disease, which farmers usually call  rust. At the present time the price  of, Sudan grass seed prohibits it from  being generally used as a hay grass,  but as soon as the quantity of available seed is greater it should become  a recognized part of every farmer's  crop in the northern two-thirds of  Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and  Georgia and in virtually all of the  states of South Carolina, North Carolina, and Tennessee, as well as Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas.  It should be sown broadcast or  drilled when the ground has become  warm in the spring, at the rate ot  15 to 20 lbs. per acre in the eastern  states and 10 to 15 lbs. per acre in  the more western states. It can be  cut with a mower and cured like any  other hay crop. ',* It should be cut  about the time of full bloom. Two to  three cuttings can be secured, and  yields of 3 to 4 tons per acre may be  expected. The hay is very palatable  and at least as high in feeding value  as that of Johnson grass. It is an  annual and never becomes a weed in  fields where it has been grown.���������  From Special Bulletin, U.S. Department of Agriculture.  Why the Turkish  Crown  Prince Was  Murdered  The reason for the murder of the  heir to the Sultanate of Turkey,  whose veins wer������ opened by professional assassins is now revealing Itself.  The manager of The Levant Herald, a friend of the Prince, in his  paper relates various scenes of violence that took place between the  Prince and Enver Pasha. He says  that the Prince refused to receive  General Liman von Sanders, who  was Introduced to him by Enver  Pasha on October 30, 1914.  The day after the treacherous ambush of Russian ships in the Black  Sea, Enver Pasha proceeded to the  Dolma Baghche Palace to inform the  Sultan of the situation. The Sultan  was aware of what had happened,  and was talking about it wrth the  Heir Apparent at the very moment  that  Enver  Pasha  was  announced.  So soon as he appeared the Sultan stood up and exclaimed, "Why  did you order the Russians to be attacked?" He thundered In an explosion of anger: "Am I, then, nobody here that such a thing can be  done without my authorization? So  it is actually the Germans who are  masters in Constantinople?" "You  will be killed like dogs," Enver  Pasha replied, coldly. "It is the  Russians who attacked. We had to  defend ourselves."  "That is false," the Sultan Interrupted forcibly. "I shall protest to  the whole universe against the authors of an aggression that I did not  order and that was carried out wl*ch-  out my knowledge."  Enver Pasha, who had not foreseen an attitude so foreign to the  Sultan's character, begged him to allow him -to postpone his explanations  till later, and went off without waiting, for the Sultan's reply, but the  Crown Prince went after him and  said to Enver:' "Listen to me. You  and your accomplices are ruining  Turkey. Beware of the wrath of the  people.   You will be killed like dogs."  M. Galll, the editor, adds that the  Prince had not ceased to protest in  vigorous terms. That was his death  sentence.  Yussuf Izzed-din felt that he was  going to be murdered, and had consigned an envelope with his seal on  it to six persons at least. This envelope was not to be opened until the  contingency that the Prince had been  murdered. The Prince was a friend  of the  allies.'  Merchant Prince Owes His 8ucce*s to  Advertising  In the "Golden Book of the Wana-  maker store,", John Wanamaker's first  day In business is thus described:  , "At 6.30 Monday morning, April 8th,  1861, John Wanamaker and Natnan  Brown, as partners, opened "Oak  Hall" as a men'B and boys' clothing  store in a room 30x80 feet on the first  floor of the McNeille Building, at the  corner of 6th and Market streets, Philadelphia���������called "McNeille's folly" because it was six stories nigh!  "Prevented from enlisting In the  Northern Army because of temporary  physical disability, the founder of the  new kind of store enlisted in another  cause   and   fought  another  enemy.  "You are making a great mistake In  starting business, at such a time as  this, said the brilliant George H.  Stuart to the 22-year-old youth whose  name was first in the firm'B title. The  country is entering a great war and  there will be no business. Before long,  grass will be growing in the streets  of Philadelphia.  "No more grass grew under the feet  of these 'two venturesome boys' than  greened the streets of the great city.  "At the close of the first day the  cash drawer revealed a total of $24.67:  "Of this sum $24 was spent for advertising���������67c saved for making  change next morning."  Catch that last sentence? Out of  total receipts of $24.67 Wanamaker  invested $24 for advertising���������and that  man owns today the largest business  of its kind In -b   world.  Fear Is Rare at Front  Ordinarily   Casualties  Are   Not   Numerous   in   the   Trenches  The Gopher Pest  The value of Saskatchewan's grain  crop of 1915 is estimated at $200,000,-  000. Whilst nursing this mighty  ocean of vegetation to maturity the  farmer whose land was not infested  by large numbers of gophers was extremely fortunate. The growing seasons of 1914 and 1915 were exceptionally dry and favored the propagation of the gophers. As a natural  sequence they were unusually numerous. Many farmers report having  lost as much as 10 per cent, of their  crop by the ravages of these pests,  and the havoc wrought seems to  have been fairly general throughout  the province.  It is difficult to estimate the total  damage done by gophers, but it is  safe to say that the farmers of Saskatchewan would have produced two  per cent, more grain last year had  it not been for the depredations of  these products. A two per cent, increase would represent an additional  $4,000,000 in the pockets of the farmers. This is a very serious loss in  these days when the conservation of  the nation's wealth is acknowledged  to be a patriotic duty.  British Columbia nolds    the record  fpr    sending    proportionately    more  men to the Allied Armies    than any  other division of the empire of Great  Britain.    In   one   month   1,200   men  came     up    the   Fraser   River   from  points on the  old  Cariboo    Trail to  Join the  regiment there.    Wallachin,  a town on the trail, sent forty-seven  ien to the  front  out of sixty-seven  ? Eligible    citzens    of the town.    Van-  ���������V(icouver  sent  10,000   men     out  of  its  "*��������� ^population of 110,000.   Prince Rupert  ^went  over this   ratio.    Every  settlement  In    British  Columbia has    its  'Midler In tha ranks.  If I were asked to tell the most extraordinary fact about life'out here I  should say it is the absence or fewness of new emotions of any kind and  the rarity of fear.  And it is true that when the western  front is not active, when, in fact, it Is  as this winter has seen it, life here is,  not very fearful, and is such that-the  ordinary man with the average amount  of nervousness may live without serious injury to body or nervous system.  Whether or not one can Indict, on  these facts, the colonel of the novel  who used to tell us that the man who  said shell fire left him unmoved was  a.liar and a coward to boot is doubtful; for the colonel thought no doubt  of heavy shell fire in the open when  men fell in heaps, whereas we have  the protection of the trenches so good  that except in heavy bombardments  casualties  are not numerous.  I remember when we left England  the physically bravest among u-s said,  "I expect to be blue with funk the  first time we are shelled and probably  jumpy the first week or two in the  trenches," and I recall the first time  we came out of trenches we confided  to each other that it wasn't half so awful as we had expected, and one said,  quite honestly, too, "I think men who  are frightened of it exist only in penny novelettes."���������London Mail.  Examine Wrecked Zeppelins  Was 160 Metres in Length and Carried  Six   Machine   Guns  The London Times publishes a  lengthy account by the French aviation expert, Georges Prade, of the results of his study of the remains of a  Zeppelin brought down February 21 at  Kevrgny. M. Prade believes the airship was of the latest type and compares its details with those of the Z8,  which was brought down in France in  August, 1914.  The writer says: "In the presence  of the shapeless heap of debris it is  not possible to reconstruct exactly the  dimensions of the airship which bore  the number LZ77, but an examination  of the main beams warrants the conclusion that she measured thirty thousand cubic metres. The metal employed is somewhat different from that  of earlier Zeppelins, being of aluminum, toughened by a slight alloy of  copper and zinc.  -,."lt was-about 160 metres in length.  The shape has changed somewhat.  All previous Zeppelins were symmetrical, both ends being alike. This one  was much bulkier forward and tapered  off toward the stern. This shape gave  with' equal capacity less resistance  when advancing and, therefore, greater speed with the same power.  "She had five motors and five propellers, a crew of about 23 and six  machine guns,, two in each gondola  and two on the platform above the  envelope;   She had no other guns."  Patriotism  Llebknecht the Brave  There is certainly no braver man  in Europe than the German Socialist,  Dr. Liebknecht, and some day Germany will have a monument to his  memory. To charge a battery is a  small thing compared with the way in  which he has faced the contempt of  such a disciplined nation as Germany,  and that he is able to persist indicates that there must be behind him  a considerable force of rebels against  militarism. He went very far indeed  the other day in declaring that in  some circles the murder of the Austrian archduke was regarded as a "veritable godsend," and that in the school  teachers of history systemically distort instruction to inculcate hatred  against England. In none of the belligerent countries has there been bolder speaking, and its tolerance is to  Germany's credit���������Springfield Republican.  A  Brave Soldier    Whose     Patriotism  Was Not For Parade  None of the many stories that come  to mind out of this war appeals to me  more than that of Capt. Francis Gren-  fell. He won the Victoria Cross for  saving some guns at Mons,  We were walking one day on ground  overlooking the valley of the Thames,  and he stretched his hand out toward  the sweep of green fields and the  hedges and woodland cut by the silver thread of the river, and said:  "That is what we are fighting for.  Think of what England has done for  me!    I ought to do all I can for her."  He was recovering from a wound at  the time, anu he remarked that probably he wouid "get it" when he returned to the front," and he did. We  went into the library of the house  where he was staying, and he showed  me a diary that he had written on the  retreat from Mons and through the  fighting on the Aisne and again at  Ypres. However tired, every night he  had set down a few lines of the day's  happenings, and more than once occurred the passage: "I am glad to do  this for England," or simply, "For  England."  There was something eloquent in  the pages of that little book. The man  was fine because of the absolute submission of self to an object���������his country's. He was finer because this was  written secretly in his diary. His patriotism was not for parade. It was in  his blood. Real preparedness includes  such patriotism. It cannot exist with  a hyphen in it.���������Frederick Palmer, in  Collier's Weekly.  Ravages of War  Whole Towns In France Will Have to  be   Rebuilt  War's havoc in these days of excessively long range artillery is terrific.  Every German, gunner makes It a  point of honor and duty to shell  every building within range. He  probably has orders so to do.  What such wanton destruction  means to the countryside may be  imagined.  An inter-ministerial committee  has ben formed by the French government with a view to providing  ways and means for the reconstruction of destroyed or damaged building and plants. The committee,  which consist of representatives of  the ministries of the interior, commerce and industry, agriculture, labor, finance, war, colonies, and fine'  arts, is already considering a general  scheme drawn up by M. Revault, deputy of the Meuse.  After the' battle of the Marne urgent measures were taken tto help the  inhabitants of the departmets of  the Marne, Meuse, Meurthe-et-Mo-  selle, and Vosges to resume their  economic life. These measures were,  however, of a temporary character,  and could not pretend to repair the  havoc of war.  In the Marne, for Instance, 312  dwellings had been built by last No-  -vember by the department authorities, 280 by authorized societies, and  98 by the military engineers at a cost  of ������28 each. The total outlay up to  that date was  ������56,000.  The problem which will have to be  faced shortly is of a far more formidable character. Whole. villages  and even towns will have to be re-,  built, and when the hour of victory  has struck all the refugees will be  eager to return home and begin life:  anew.  Obviously, it will be impossible to  begin building everywhere at once.  There will be a scarcity of materials,  of skilled labor, of beasts of draught.  Prices will Increase. On the other  hand, all the available lab.or and materials will be attracted towards the  big yards, and the inhabitants of  the country districts will be the sufferers. .' ' ���������  M. Revault Tecognizes that it will  be impossible to reconstruct the destroyed buildings as they, were before the war. He takes the view that  only a portion of the available funds  should be employed in the construction of light semi-temporary, but at  the, same time comfortable, houses,  pending a return to .normal conditions.  He proposes (1) that a certain  number of models be prepared,  adapted to the needs of the various  trades and professions for which  they will be required; and (2) that  departmental workshops be established for the construction of these  types, the state supplying merely tbe  funds. These workshops will have a  co-operative character, and will be  managed by men of the trade.  The High Cost of Living  Wastage Caused by the Liquor Traffic  the Greatest Contributory  Cause  It would be amusing "**" it were not  so humiliating, to observe the way in  which some committees act when they  come to the liquor question. They suddenly seem to become blind, deaf and  dumb, as If there were no liquor problem, or as If they thought that drink  was not a great waste and extravagance, as 'a brewer's gazette has admitted.  Boards of health will Investigate  every nook and cranny In the most  painstaking manner, but they rarely  turn their searchlight on the greatest  of all causes of sickness.  Commissions on the high cost of living never touch on the drink waste as  a possible cause, and yet it is undoubtedly the greatest factor in the high  cost of living as well as the greatest  cause of disease, and death.  Speaking on this subject, Mr. Dan  Poling says: "Congress can tinker  with the tariff until Doomsday and not  begin to solve the problem of the high  cost of living. Have you ever stopped  to consider what two thousand millions  of dollars would do toward solving  that problem? Do you think it would  help if we could find two thousand million dollars somewhere?  "Well, we have found two(thousand  million dollars worse than wasted.  John Barleycorn has more than two  thousand million dollars in his greedy  fist���������money taken from the people of  the U.S. In return for this coin, to  society in general, and to the people  from whom he took it, he gave infinitely less than nothing.  In round numbers the drink bill of  the U.S. represents an^ investment in  body, mind and soul "destruction, of  ninety-one dollars for each family in  the country.  When we remember that there are  unnumbered families that have no  drink bill at all, we begin to form a  hazy conception of the annual drini-.  bill per family of the drinking families  of the nation. John P. Lennon, the  treasurer of tne American Federation  of Labor, says that seventy per cent,  of the drink bill of the U.S. is contributed by the American laboring  man. What does that mean? It  means that liquor money is generally  bread money, meat money, shoe  money, and money that ought to be  spent for clothing. It generally means  that some stomachs go hungry for  bread, some feet go poorly shod, some  bodies go inadequately clothed, in order that the liquor may gratify the  unspeakable appetite it creates for  strong drink. It means that liquor  money is generally needed for the  necessities and comforts of life.  "It is time that we help to solve the  high cost of living problem by making  John Barleycorn disgorge. Two billion  dollars would do marvellous things iu  the way of filling empty larders and  scanty wardrobes for thousands of poverty-stricken families.  "And what does a man get for his  liquor money anyway? He gets a weak  stomach, a bad breath, a mean disposition, the disrespect of the community. He gets inefficient. He gets  that he gets into his grave years before his time."���������H. Arnott, M.B.. M.C.  fired. He gets drunk. The chances t-e  P.S.    " ". ���������' v,.  Candle Power of The Moon  The musketry instructor had just  been giving a lesson on the rifle to  one particularly "green" set of recruits. At the end he asked: "Now,  is there any question you want to  ask?"  One dull looking Johnny Raw stepped forward,  blushing awkwardly.  "Yes, my man?" said the Instructor,  encouragingly.  "Plaze, sor," stammered the search  Rhodes Scholars and the War  The total number of British Rhodes  scholars, past and present, would have  been near 350, including those no longer living or able to bear arms. Nearly  halt of these had been enrolled for  service three months ago, to the knowledge of the trustees, and many have  joined since. The number of Canadian Rhodes scholars recorded as in the  army is 42 out of about 100. South  Africa, with ten or twelve less scholars, had 53 under arms. The list of  Rhodes scholars who had already  given their lives for the empire, contains six names from as many different countries. The community of  Rhodes scholars at Oxford Is now practically reduced to the United States  colony. As yet the war does not seem  to have appealed to this group.���������Vancouver News-Advertiser.  or after knowledge "is it roight that  the harder Oi pull the trigger-thing  the f&rder the bullat goes?"���������Tit-Bit*. I be operated there.  By Rail to Petrograd  Count Sergius Shulenberg, addressing tlie    Massachusetts   Institute    of  Technology, spoke of a time in the not  far distant future when there would be  an all-rail route from all points in America to Petrograd by way of Bering  Strait.    This seems to have appealed  to  the   imagination   of  a  good   many  people in the eastern States, although  they seem to regard it as a very serious undertaking.   It really is not, except   in   the   matter   ot   cost,     which  would, of course, amount to a pretty  large sum of money, but, not so much  as many people might be disposed to  think.   Probably $200,000,000 would be  sufficient, if it was not thought necessary to bridge the strait,  and for a  great part of the year car ferries could  Victoria Colonist  Technical Journal Gives Figures Showing   Exact   Radiance :  A gentleman of inquiring turn of  mind wrote to a technical publication  and asked the simple question:-���������  "What is the, candle power of the  moon?" He mentioned that he had  five sets of encyclopedias and six astronomical textbooks, all of. which he  had searched in vain to ascertain how  bright the moon was.  But the technical Journal answered the question pat: The candle  power of the moon is one hundred  and sixty-four times one hundred  thousand billion. It would require  one hundred ana sixty-four times one  thousand billion candles to reproduce  the light of the moon if the moon  happened to go out.  Farmers who plant by the moon  may be interested in these figures.  Then again, they may not. It should  at least please them to learn that the  curious gentleman was informed exactly how many candles would have  to set aglow on the moon to reproduce the reflected radiance of tha  sun if the sun happened to go off  the job.  We wonder what the gentleman in  question is going to do with this information, now that he has it. Possibly he will work out a nice solution of why lovers love to stroll in  the moonlight, why farmers plant 'jy  the moon, and why dogs bay at the  moon. We don't envy him his Job  though.���������The   Country   Gentleman.  Evolution of ithe Sniper  British   Marksmen   Now  Show   Super*,  iority   Over   the   Enemy  The ascendancy of the British sniper at the front is the suuject of & let*  ter from a correspondent at the Brit>  ish headquarters in France, of eaj>eo-  lal interest to marksmen.  "Sniping," he writes, "is now an important and highly specialized branch  of British trench warfare. The Germans no longer hold the supremacy,  which was theirs at the beginning at  the campaign.  Man for man, British Bharp-  shooters have shown themselves to be  as fine shots as the Jaegers, while excelling them in daring, ingenuity and .  perseverance, and the steady growtn,  of these bands of picked marksmen  has had a marked effect on the attitude of the enemy. No longer do they  Btroll about carelessly behind their  lines, or show themselves in appar-c  ently safe spots as working parties, In  the belief that British riflemen could  not harm them,  "Wholesome tear or snipers now  pervades the Bosche Infantry ajid ther  cling, limpet-like, to their ditches, with  never a cap-top showing, and their  own rifle experts show marked reluctance ' for" hazardous expeditions  which might take them beyond their  first line.  "The growth of the counter-sniping  movement was slow but sound. - Good ,  material there was in ��������� plenty, ana  every battalion,-Bhowed-its eagerness  to pay off old scores. Certain'rifle  experts who 'might be styled consult-,  ing snipers���������big game- shots > and  backwoodsmen among them���������appeared at various' headquarters and formed the nucleus of the new organize^  tion which is now killing Germans  daily with scientific accuracy.      ���������-  "Training schools were established,*  where student snipers selected by,  these expets received individual and  highly technical instruction. Many  were tested . but comparatively few  chosen, for the consulting sniper is a  fastidious person, who demands certain qualifications beyond mere enthusiasm, and not all of the candidates can eatisfy him. You will find  all kinds of soldiers in this new-  branch of warfare. Many* have been  gamekeepers, and there is a fair  sprinkling of men, who learned to use  a rifle in some out-of-the-way corner  of the empire. They have already  acquired a certain distinction of their  own.  "When a battalion goes into rest billets you may be sure that the snipers  have comfortable quarters, and their  comrades cheerfully concede them little privileges not enjoyed by the others. This is quite fitting, for when in  the trenches these picked men are  closer to death every minute of the  time than tire ordinary soldiers who is  helping to hold the line. They must  take far greater risks. A sniper may >  fire only one shot a day, but there is  a dead German for every cartridge  exploded. He may have to scheme and  scheme for days to catch a man who  has been playing the same game. His  patience must be limitless, his eye  sure. He may have to lie for hours In'  a seemingly impossible hiding place,-  perhaps- exposed to rain or snow, more  likely than not wet to the skin, certainly chilled to the bone, yet ready to  'land' his man at the right moment  "Somebody has called them the .'petted darlings of the army,' said a battalion commander, who was praising  his snipers with justifiable pride..  "Perhaps they are, but they are doing  fine work. We do not hamper them In  any way. If a man wants a particular kind of rifle or sight, we get it for  him. He is the expert, and is' allowed  to work with the tools he likes best**  Hold   Consul   Until   British   Freed  London.���������The German consul at  Saloniki, who was deported from that  port, has been detained by the French  government at the request of the  British government pending the release of the British consul at Shiraa,  Persia, it was brought out in the  house of commons.  The British consul with other British residents of Shiraz, is being held  at Ahram, by German emissaries, It  was   declared.  Colonel Charles Edward Yate, member for East Leicestershire, who  brought the matter up in parliament  suggested that the German consul and  othei* officials resident in a British  concession in China be especially ox-  talned until, the British from Shiras  were released.  "Beer, Glorious Beer"  Are poor people to go without  sugar in their tea; poor children to  be grudged jam on their bread; tbe  health-giving supplies of foreign  fruit to be cut off; cheap school-  books to be doubled in price; cheap  reprints of literature to cease; other  necessary articles, such as furniture,1  to be restricted in supply and consequently raised in price; and all  the time, while even whisky bows  the knee, beer, glorious beer, is alone  to lift an untroubled head over the  storm, confident that whatever else  the nation curtails, it  the profits of its trade will be  sacrosanct? It is a curious position;  and certainly makes one inclined to  ask who really are our rulers in this  country which proposes that it rules  itself.���������London  Chroncile.  After the War Conferences  At the end of the war we shall  clearly need toc have two great conferences, one a conference of tho belligerents to settle the territorial questions that concern them; the other a  conference of all the powers, including the neutrals, to re-establish tha  law of nations on a sound basis, to  find means for upholding it in time  of war, and for ridding the world of  the terrors of militarism even in time  of peace. Let us always, in judging  the American people and their statesmen, keep our eyes on that final  event, and 30 act that, whatever we  or they do now, we shall be able to  work together, when the time comes,  to save the world from a renewal of  this   savagery.���������Westminster   Gazette.  A countryman has various ways ot  sizing up London, and this is one of  them, says the Manchester Guardian.  A Scottish ������soldier  arriving at King's  Mr. Pett Ridge's fondness for children is proverbial, and he has a fund  of anecdotes about the little ones. One  of the best of these concerns a small  boy who had been given an animal  picture book for a present. "Mummy," he exclaimed suddenly, looking  at least and Up from his new treasure, "do animals  know what they are called?"  "No, dear, of course not.. But why  do you ask?"  "Well," answered the little fellow,  with a sigh of relief, "it would have  been so nasty for the donkeys,  wouldn't it?"  The Saskatchewan provincial labor  bureau placed a total of 26,750 harvest  hands during the past season. Of this  Cross with his kit was met on the sta-1 number 16,230 were obtained from  tion by one of those kind women who Eastern Canada, 2,600 from British  have banded themselves together to Columbia, 7,250 from various cities of  welcome and befriend such men. Sne the province, and 1,700 soldiers from,  offered him rest and refreshment and   the various military camps.  other kindnesses, but the Scot refus-   ed everything.   "But is there nothing _     Jabbers���������I tell you, old man, it's a  I   can do  for  you?"  urged the  kind  lady.  "Well, ma'am," replied the soldier  "I'd be obliged if you'd tell me how  far ia tha toon from tiro station."  terrible thing when your wife quarrels  with her mother and the old lady lives  with you    Which side do you take?  Havers���������Neither.     I    proaerv*    ast  alarmed neutrality.  1  *-\$MkM^M$$MiJM  ^MmMMim^^^^^^M ���������kr-Wi."** j-j*-"-  -.THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.  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I       '   ������  -     7-   't1  *���������--,,   ������~'lSii"5'5*������  *". ���������w*1-"' .-*.*''5-^5sm  ?^  -V?  .*���������*=-,  9^i  :-3S  ^^.s  ������i-  a**"  -, ^ac**^;  J-----;**-7*^-^-4*'^f-*i-rBS5:::-'  ^ *W .-A'A'iOT-*'-?*-".  ���������  /f" ***, * j(x j    '"is**- ,*Jr  JFerofAree/- o5x//-  >dP>  nm  ���������4&JJ'  jM'-'C :  jVTi  m*  -Ah"Xi 4 *-*������   iM  H6-  v'**-1  bV  i-V*  ���������*  S!  *i������^������   ������T  ^.  1^  *4������4f^  **1  'b'th*  ^  ���������^ '*'  r* ?���������>  < ���������*?  ifrr**-  "' *���������*%*���������  ���������F^I',f5A*I  *-������������"'**  'r*W������tyi  ���������������* -*; ^5'. "/������������������  ^^i'W*:iw  . "J *!*!?*  ^���������.'���������.^Vi;  SHE refuses to be left behind in the fasMon race, does Miss"Sixteen, and  there is no fear that Fashion will forget her, either.   So many of the  present modes are designed for youthful figures that the younger girl  will have no trouble in getting stydish things suitable to her years.  Where sports styles might look like anachronisms on her mother, they  are more than appropriate for the girl who has barely forgotten her tomboy  days. A jersey silk slip-on style is pictured for her favorite sport. The blouse  is of the striped silk in regulation sports green, the tie to match. The "skirt  is a plain jersey weave of white, kilted to admit of unrestricted movement.  There is a vest of the plain white run between rows of pearl buttons on tha  blouse. Her hat is felt underneath and white straw on top. Plain wash silk"**  come in such pretty stripes that their use is'very practical for sports clotlies,  a white crepe de chine skirt not being so unpractical, either, as it looks.  The street suit that every girl needs at every time of the year should  not be conspicuous. Dark blue serge in a light-weight weave makes a suit  with simple belted lines. The rever facing, ornamental straps and crushed  girdle are taffeta to match the blue of the suit. This is a many-buttoned affair, fastening with loops of the serge. A Salvation lassie bonnet is demure  enough for any young girl. It makes use of the new color, chartreuse, in a  velvet ribbon for the style note.  A one-piece dress for street or school wear should find a place in her  wardrobe. Again the stand-by blue serge has been used and lightened with  a dash of red in the sash tassels and bound buttonholes. This.high-throated  style might not be becoming to every girl; but where it can be worn it must  be acknowledged it is stunning. Georgette crepe sleeves of blue make this  dress less heavy for spring. Deep pleats run from the yoke to skirt bottom  and are girdled by a loosely-tied sash of the material.  Gray is becoming more and more popular for the young girl, especially  when it is lightened with coral or blue. A gray ground with scattered buds  of roses in a foulard weave forms the bands on gray Georgette crepe. The  skirt is a full gathered model, its fullness confined to girdle depth by the three  rows of velvet ribbon in the rose shade. The flowing sleeves ara graceful and  the handkerchief fichu relieves the gray at the neck line.  Pastel shades for evening are the mode, without a doubt. Here the young  girl is again in her element, for always the soft delicate colorings suggest  youth. A frock of lavender tulle has been skillfully combined with turquoise  taffeta. The quaint quilling at the skirt bottom is also of the taffeta. Tiny  rosebuds weight the tulle points. Fruits and flowers girdle the waist. A very  new and not unbecoming note is the short shoulder cape of silver-threaded  lace which stops abruptly in the front, but continues across the back.  Surely fashion is kind to the younger girl this season. Let her show her  gratitude by being becomingly and stylishly dressed.  fe  %ft  $^  Sb&  Bp-v^  ������s  ���������*>v  fo t  %  S4*-"*.:  &i  TV*  ii.*"  ������*!>*  /'���������������  .*������������������:���������  ���������**W-\  \ /.  .**���������* >  ���������i ���������?������  I*--*  *���������    St  >v  1������  -���������������������������>���������..  i v  :���������>  &*  Skii.   -A     An/  m  vfV  *-^**i">*v*-V  *y  ���������<-\, "V  '*&���������  -v*V  rtvi>*  c \  ii ���������*:  r N������ftCi  ���������I-"-"   1  #-���������*���������*���������   '  ���������  *-  -*3  vt  ���������������*.  I   '������������������  f   4  -'.���������*���������-'  *>    f-   *���������*  v-*.  '���������.i&.  * i-5-fw  *',  r3^C^UrtJ-v  ������������������/^j  ?}/*  ������'  ,-*  **������r*  ���������v**5  ^  *v-^*'  SSi* ���������*.-*/.  ���������* V  f->f"������ "-I   J  1 \'  ,t   t  *m. ***  X*  '**  <-i  *it**  *  > -**ji  ** **  '\  1   <���������  -**v  A  i "Sift"*  I       ������        *- ** ������������������   *���������������������������������  -**J*.  * 4$  fi~* ";:< r'i Miff  THE     GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  The Need For  Cleaner Seed  At Terminal Elevators at Port Arthur  and Fort William, in a Year 100,-  ,  000 Tons Were  Deducted  The   need   for   careful   cleaning   of  seed  grain  is    apparetn when    it is  stated   that in  one   year  the  amount  of dockage for weeds at the terminal  i elevators   at  Port   Arthur     and   Fort  I William  amounted  to  100,000  tons.  Needless to say,? ,the farmer paid  '.{���������he .cost of harvesting this-crop of  weeds, the cost of threshing it, the  l-cost of additional binder twine to  [hold it in sheaf .alogn with the good  rain, the cost of hauling it to the  lelevator, and the cost of railway  Itransportation, to say nothing of the  ���������loss incurred by tbe 'amount of  jnioisture aud plant food of which  jthey robbed the growing grain and  Ithe- cost of additional cultivation en-  Itailed the- following year.  In a recent speech tin  Hon. W. R.  [Motherwell quoted the    annual    loss  Jin   Saskatchewan   due   to   weeds   as  |"**}>5,000,000.       "When     the     farmers  jitopt to   realize  the   loss  of  moisture  rtth'    the   consequent    loss   ot  crop,  lue to the- growth  of, noxious weeds,  land    that tne aggregate loss in Sas-  SkatcheWan is at least $25,000,000 per  Kinu-u'm,"     said   the   provincial   minis-  Iter of * agriculture,    "it is  hoped  and  Ibeiieved  that  more  attention  will  be  fpaid to  this   serious   inroad  into   our  lannrnal    profits    with the view of re-  Iducing    .this     ever -growing   menace  tha' possible rniniumum."  An     Ottawa     government     report  [dealij-g   with   the     100,000     tons     of  tweed seed docked -..t the lake termin-  il   elevators   during 1913  says:   "The  [transport   charges ,  on   this   material  ���������from the  western grain fields to   the  [lake    front    were estimated at $650,"-  M)00.     Most    of  the   screenings   from  {the terminal elevators have been  ex-  fported  to  the   United  States,    where  Jthey    have  been recUaned  and  used  Pin  various  forms   for  the   feeding  of  l-iive   stock.    It-    was   further    shown  ithat    the   feeding  stuffs  rnanufactur-  led    from screenings    uol properly re-  Ifil-eahed    sometimes    contain    thousands   of    vital  noxious,   weed   seeds  -per   lb.     It   is   especially   desirable  I to. screen   out  the .finer  black   seeds  jtty   means   of   a   one-fourteenth   inch  [���������perforated zinc screen.  "These small black seeds    are not  t-ohly:    useless '   as     fed,   but   are   expensive    adulterants     and     their  ad-  ' mixture   in   any   considerable   quant-  j jty    makes  the  feed   unpalatable  for  I'&ll   kinds   of   stock.     Such     material  should  never  be''fed,   as   it  is  liable  l(to introduce weeds entailing the loss  'oi thousands of dollars.    The conclusion is that more atteution to the clean-  ing of grain as it is threshed will save  _ 4he   cost  of   transporting  the  screen-  ' iugs   to   the   terminal   elevators   and  -will  leave   the   grower  in   possession  oi much  valuable    feed, which,  if he  does ' not need for his own use, will  find ready sale among live stock-men.  "In    connection   witn   this   subject,  the   following     communication     has  been   received   from* our crop  reporting  correspondent  Mr.  F. J.  Bonner,  of Ladstock,  Saskatchewan:     "I read  your   pamphlet    on   grain   screenings  .and  particulars on dockage  for weed  .seeds.     One    hundred   thousand  tons  seems     an   imemnse     weight   to   be  hauled   to   the   terminal  elevators   at  a  loss,   but so  long as  the'   farmers  iroj'" on   cultivating    more; land   than  they    can   attend   to   properly,     the  same   thing   will   continue,   especially     while  prices    keep  high.    There  is     a   very  .large   quantity   of    weed'  seeds in  the  grain  this year, as   the  newspapers     were   urging   the   farmers  to put in all the crops  they possibly could, and the hurry of threshing  this   year  with  all  the  grain  almost  in   the   stook   has * prevented   it  : being well  cleaned by  the  machines,  especially  when   damp",  as   the   weed  seeds will not blow out. .'���������>.'.  "'The enormous amount of seeds  ' you mention in ��������� some samples leaves  ' one wondering; how there is any good  seed left, --dany farmers carelessly  sow grain uncleaned, or only just  run it once through an old useless  fanner; if'they would take the  trouble to clean the grain and above  all plow the land properly and bury  ithe weed plants, the 100,000 tons  you mention would soon dwindle,  ���������and in no other way can. this be  done. On small areas, cattle turned  on the stubble will clean off a great-  quantity of weeds, but in large areas  out in the west none are kept."  Yon Tripitz Retirement  Retirement of  German   Naval  Officer  One  of the   Sensations of the  War  The passing of Grand Admiral Alfred von Tirpita* Tirpitz the Eternal,  as he was called, tuust b-3 one of the  sensations of the war in Germany.  The emperor's personal influence was  once solicited in behalf of a young officer who von Tirpitz had disciplined.  "You'll have to get along with him as  well as you can," said the unsympathetic emperor,, "that's what Ihave to  do." The story illustrates the importance of the grand admiral as a factor  in the imperial policy no less than the'  masterful temper of the man. He it'  was who created and maintained the  modern navy of Germany, not William II. 'To the man in the street  Von Tirpitz is known chiefly as the  organizer of "submarine warfare,"  the 'advocate of "frightfulness" on  the sea. The notoriety has given him  a bad name, which doubtless he richly,  deserves.  To those who are familiar with his  ���������remarkable career, the retirement  of -Von Tirpitz is tlie fall,.of a  mighty pillar of the empire. He has  been as great in naval affairs as  Bismarck was in diplomacy. When  the duel in dreadnought building with  England began the German- people  were not interested in the navy. It  was necessary for the admiral to  educate them, which he did with a  publicity bureau the like of which'  has never been known in any other  country. But that was ouly half the  battle.., To get the Reichstag to adopt  a naval programme that contemplated rivalry with England was an almost superhuman task, and. then  there was the voting of appropriations in lean as well -as fat years,  with tlie army clamoring for in-  crease_ and new equipment. The  preamble to the naval law of 1900  declared that "Germany must have  a fleet of such- strength that .a war  even against the mightiest naval  power would involve such risks as  to threaten the supremacy of that  power."���������New  York Sun.  Varieties of Alfalfa  Some Alfalfa    Experiments    Made in  North Dakota  Twenty-two different kinds of alfalfa have been experimented with on  tire high plains of tne western part of  North Dakota. ' These included  strains from Europe, Asia and South  and North America Parts of these  experiments . were conducted during  the winter of 1906-7, one of the severest the western States has ever experienced.  In spite of the*perslstently low temperature of the winter, some alfalfa  lived through on all plats, including  even the very tender Peruvian variety, which killed out badly that win-  The Foreigner  And Prohibition  Foreigners in the West Are Opposed  to the Liquor Traffic  The attitude of the foreigners of  Saskatchewan and Manitoba' towards  prohibition will be welcome news to  many   of  your  readers.' *  Rev. R, G. Scott of Saskatchewan  tells us that when all the bars 'had  been closed, the government opened  twenty-three liquor stores for those  who thought they could hot do without alcohol. Provision had been made  that these stores could be closed or  others opened, according to the ��������� wish  of t,the people, at the municipal elections in November. The entire province had been divided into liquor districts. Voting took place in seven  districts, in three of which liquor  stores had already been established,  and in four other districts "an attempt  was made to open new stores. In  every district the result was decisively in favor of total abstinence. In the  three districts where government  stores had been tn operation, they'  were all wiped out by a vote of about  two and a half to one. In the four  districts where an effort was being  made to open stores all the attempts  failed by a ,vote of about the same  relative proportions.  Particular interest had been attached to our district, ,as the population  was largely foreign. The presence of  large colonies of Galicians, French,  Germans and Hungarians was, thought  to be a strong force to overcome..  These people had always been accustomed to use liquor whenever they  had the opportunity. Every wedding  and every holiday was celebrated with  plenty of liquor. Few were abstainers and none too poor to procure it.  There was almost no organization, so  that what temperance work was done,,  was in most cases by individuals, hut  the result w;    very encouraging.  A foreigner told me that he had al--  ways been a drinker and that if a  vote had been taken when the bars  were first, closed there would . have  been many liquor stores open. However, he thought the people had found  out in four months that they got  along very well without it and had  more money ihan they ever had before. He said that few wanted the  stores  opened  now.  A young Frenchman who has a family and is a good worker, said to me,  "The bar got me a good many times.  I spent a lot of money and lost a lot  of time.    I am glad tho  bar is gone  and we don't want the thing back  again." In the rural municipality of  Fish Creek where the population is  almost entirely Galician, it was  thought the people would vote strongly for a liquor store, but it went dry  b" more than'two to one. Wakaw village, where we have a very mixed  population, went dry by 47 to IS. What  has* been done in such a district can  surely be done in any place in Can-  Movies and Their Mission   Tame a Silk Worm  And Reap Results  ter as far south as the Panhandle of  Texas, and again during the mild win-j ada.  ter of 1908-9    as rar south as Stock-'     Coming to Manitoba, we find the for  ton, Kansas. This extraordinary result in Dakota was due to tlie character of the weather. Autumn drought  and the gradual approach o'f cold  weather hardened the tissues of the  plants, enforcing gradual and perfect  dormancy. A protective covering of  snow came in December and remained until nearly the end of March. To  these factors and the gradual return  of spring was due the fact that a percentage of all strains came safely,  through the- winter. <  The important point, however, is  that Grimm alfalfa and two Turkestan  sirains, sustained no loss whatever.  There can be little doubt that Grimm  and the Ontario variegated originally  came from the same source, near the  borders of Germany and Russia, and  are, in fact, identical in origin. They  are both alike hardy and suited to Ontario   conditions.���������Toronto   Globe.  Elevator  For  Fish  To enable migratory fish to pass  .such barriers as waterfalls and dams  when ascending *a river to spawn, the  Canadian commissioner of fisheries  has developed an elevator which is apparently practicable. It ' has been  placed in service at a 24-foot fall in  the St. Croix river, N.B., and is operating successfully, according to advices.  In part, the device co'jsl-jts ov a vertical shaft erected several feet from  the falls. Guides, or walls, radiate  from both sides of the structure to the  opposite banks of the stream, so that  fish are led to it. A cage in which the  latter.are trapped and carried to the  top of the shaft, where they are automatically dumped into a sluiceway  and discharged into the water on the  upstream side of the barrier, is hoisted by means of a counterpoise tank  ^ which is periodically filled with water  from a supply reservoir surmounting  the tower. The cage and tank are secured to the opposite ends of a cable  that passes over pulleys at the top of  the shaft.  The fish compartment is provided  with two doors, one at eacir end. When  It is at the bottom of the shaft beneath the water one of these gates is  raised to permit fish to enter. On the  other hand, an auxiliary door on the  shaft lets down and prevents fish  from swimming around to the hack  Bide of the guides or into the space  ���������normally occupied by the carrier,  when the latter ascends.���������Popular  Mechanics Magazine.  "... What John A. Said  . Because of a misquotation, a characteristic story of one of-the greatest  men Canada ever had, has been recalled to memory. The misquotation  made Sir John Macdonald*say, "I want  friends to stand by me when I am  wrong or mistaken; anybody will  stand by you When you are on the top  wave of success." That is too much  like a cry for help to be the language  of Sir John. Here is the whole story:  A new member of parliament, desirous of impressing the Dominion maker with his virtue and his importance, said: "I will stand by you, sir,  when you are right." "Oh," replied  the premier, "the Grits will do that;  what I- want is a man who will stand  by me, when I am wrong." Sir John  was just human enough to be wrong  at times, and honest enough to admit  it. But he objected to the judgment  of the self-righteous. ��������� Christian  Science Monitor.  eigners quite as hostile to the liquor  traffic. In Winnipeg alone there were  five Ruthenian, three Scandinavian,1,  and three Icelandic papers that would"*  not even print a liciuor advertisement. Perhaps ��������� that will take soan  of the conceit out of us, and let us see  that the foreigner has more brains  than we gave him credit for. Let us  wake up and press forward.���������H. Ar-  nott, M.C.P.S.  Educational Value of Moving Pictures  ���������   -.   Not Yet Properly  Realized  What la the matter with the  movies? Their course of, development  makes many shudder at the prediction  that the dramatic performance of the  future will be found too costly for any  purpose except the making of films.  The absence of the spoken word forces  the necessity of exaggeration in many  features. This is seen in the coarseness of the comedy presented. Grotesque buffoor.ery and violent ��������� horseplay-predominate The board of"censors for the state of Pennsylvania  finds that 20 per cent of the films  examined are of this class and present these objectionable features. The  need of appealing to the child mind  may also make for exaggerations that  are  stupid   and   weakly  startling.  The juvenile audience is a new feature, and while it is considered from  the amusement standpoint in some ,of  the burlesque scenes, it is generally  ignored, from a broad educational and  moral standpoint, in the fervid melodramas. These make up 75 per cent  of tho films examined by the Pennsylvania state board of censors, whose  systematic classification is certainly  enlightening Lurid scenes of murder,  arson, burglary, highway robbery,  theft, assault, train wrecking, and'  other crimes of violence make up the  bulk of what is presented for popular  entertainment.' Defectively, balanced  minds are moved .not by the-logic hid  away in the impossible scenes, but by  the law of suggestion working through  them. The protest against censorship  to a child standard or to an unbalanced mind standard is familiar, but the  course of movie development is largely a response to the demands of the  unbalanced and the ohild mind. The  shock of wild exaggeration is needed  to arouse excitement or hold a jaded  interest.  The'amazing growth of the movies  imposes the necessity of another  course of development toward general  recognition. The five per cet/t. of  films found normal and wholesome,  varied in their appeal, show that a  start can be made toward better conditions. Public indifference and lack  of discernment are largely due-to the  fact that to many the movie is, still  only a great curiosity. So great is the  wonder at scenes being depicted at  all that sufficient tnought is 'not bestowed on .their nature, lessons and  influence. This attitude will soon pass,  and a critical and disc -rning public  will be found effectively supplementing and completing the work of official censorship.���������Toronto Globe.  [���������.Hoi  Slim   Summer     Hotel    Boarder���������I  -couldn't sleep last -ight for the cold.  ������w did you make out??  Fat   Summer   Hotel   Boarder���������Fine  dandy.    We    put the    railroad  tet  and   the  hotel   folder  on   the  and then covered everything up  <J** proBda-tor"8 bill.  Average Varue of Farm Lands  For the whole of Canada the average of farm land held for agricultural purposes, whether improved or  unimproved, and including the value  of dwelling houses, farms, stables and  other firm buildings, is approximately $39 per acre. Last year the average value was returned at $38.41. By  provinces the averages per acre  range from $22.48 in New Brunswick  to about $125 in British Columbia, the  values for the other provinces being  as follows: Prince Edward Island,  $37.64; Nova Scotia, $28; Quebec,  $51.36; Ontario, $52.49, Manitoba,  $30.36; Saskatchewan, $24.20 and Alberta, $23.15. In British Columbia the  higher average is due to orcharding  and fruit growing.���������Census and Statistics Monthly,  Ottawa.  More Aid Wanted For Belgium  ,The Belgian relief committee at Ottawa is about to receive a further appeal for funds from Canada. Although  the general appeal has secured one  and a half millions, sterling, this is a  million pounds below the sum required.  More than one million of, the total  received came from /Australia and  New Zealand. All money from Canada will be spent entirely in buying  and supplying food to the distressed  Belgian people.  Lord Robert Cecil has stated that  the Imperial government is satisfied  with the manner in which the relief  commission has  carried on its work.  Unattached Officers  May Become Privates  Opportunity to Officers Without Command  to   Prove  Their  Loyalty  Unattached officers with no prospect of attachment, will hare uu opportunity for service. This opportunity may lower their pride, but. will  prove Ureir loyalty. In effect, a regulation has: been passed by commanders of the various divisions asking unattached officers to enlist As privates.  Special consideration will be extended, an-d they will be promoted to non-  coms, at the earliest opportunity.  They may even regain their rank in  time.  The problem of the unattached officers has been a thorn in the side ^f  military progress since the early  months after the outbreak of the war.  It is also the greatest barrier to recruiting. The commanders of the  various units in the third division will  shortly receive a letter from headquarters asking that the above procedure be adopted.  i Throughout Canada in every city  and small town there are countiess  officers who have no prospect of becoming affiliated with any regiments.  Winnipeg is seething with young  subalterns. Toronto is howling protests daily to the militia authorities.  Toronto is the best recruiting ground  in the Dominion at that Ottawa is  fully alive to tlie ridiculousness of the  condition, though the burden of the  unattached is borne more by Kingston, the third divisional headquarters.  Lt.-Col. McLean of the 207th, who  Is in Montreal, was one of the first  to place the young officer on the taboo list. There are a few young subs  in the 207th. Their physical fitness,  athletic prowess and general excellence, however, merited their attachment. The majority are old experienced officers. In fact there are as  many returned war veterans in this  battalion both officers and privates.  The shortage of experienced officers is being felt largely by the batteries in the course of instruction.  Moulding artillery officers is a long  and arduous process. It has been  found that many inexperienced officers have to be attached because they  are  the   only  ones   eligible.  In asking officers to voluntarily reduce themselves in rank the authorities are simply giving the boys a  chance to prove their loyalty.  Soldiering in India  Cheerfully   Fight   Their   Turkish   Co-  Religionists  "The Indians have not been fooled  by the German propaganda, and India is the safest place in the world,"  is the message from Sultan Mohammed Aga Khan, spiritual head* of tlie  millions of Islamier Moslems, as direct descendant of Mohammed, and  one of tlie .most influential of Moham-'  medans whose territory to England  'has* just be'en rewarded by a salute of  11 guns and tlie rank of first class  chief of the Bombay presidency. His  highness, recently interviewed in  Paris, said:  "People attach overmuch importance to reports of Indian sedition  which is really due to an insignificant  handful of agitators. The^country, as  a whole, is contented, loyal and fully  satisfied with English rule, the benefits of which it appreciates The attempts by German gold to stir up religious ill-feeling among the Indian  Moslems have been perfectly fruitless.  My. people cheerfully fight their Turkish co-religionists in the Mesopotamia  or Gallipo-li just as fellow Christians  kfll each other in France. Soldiering  in India is a regular profession to  which men are trained from childhood and is not a question,of conscription or volunteers. It is absurd to  suppose that'professionals whose trade  is war would hold back when business  became brisk.  "But if the Germans tried to invade  India they woud be surprised by the  reception, but I believe the whole  scheme was a bluff. Moreover,  Afghanistan, which is far less friendly, to Great Britain's enemies than  they imagine, would have proved an  impassable barrier. Even against  Egypt their proposed expedition was  more a step to Turkish ambitions than  a serious invasion. In Cairo, I am  sure, the ' Turko-German plan was  never organized with the thoroughness that generals apply to genuine  efforts. ���������''.'���������-..���������:.���������.  "Except at the time when the Em-  den cut the trade routes momentarily  India has been almost untouched by  the war, which people followed with  interest but with the utmost confidence in the allied victory We know  that the British always end by winning."  Possibilities  of a Great Trade in the  Last   Foe   Colony  In view of the progress of General  Smuts' campaign in German East  Africa, the last of the German colonies, attention is being given by  British manufacturers and merchants  to the economic possibilities of that  colony. In particular, tlie president  of the silk association has just directed attention to the wild silk of the  Anaphe silkworm, and has suggested  that when German East Africa  changes hands this raw silk will afford a good opportunity for British  silk manufacturer-!  The Anaphe silkworm occurs, as a  matter of fact, in many parts of East,  West and South Africa, and samples  of the silk from Uganda were examined some years ago at������the Imperial  Institute, which introduced the product to the notice of leading silk  manufacturers in this country.  At that time it was doubtful wheth-  the price British manufacturers could  offer would pay the cost of collection  of the scattered nests of cocoons.-The  Imperial Institute accordingly suggested that the government entomologist in Uganda should be asked to investigate the possibilities of "domesticating" the wild Anaphne and cultivating , it in plantations of the trees  on which it feeds, so as to reduce the  cost This has now been found quite  practicable. A new and cheap raw  material for the spun silk, industry  would be of such importance that it is  to be hoped energy anc. capital will be  forthcoming for the development -of  this industry in Uganda, whence a certain amount "of the silk is already being exported, and aiso\in other British African  colonies.  Specimens of Uganda raw silk and  of yarns and fabrics manufaciured  from it can be seen in the public exhibition galleries of the Imperial Institute, S.W.  Uncle Sam's Shells  Fo*  About Pacifists  if  Don't Waste Time Doctoring Sick Hens  The farm poultryman has little  time or inclination to doctor sick  fowls and even large exclusive  poultrymen have little success in  treating fowls that are really sick.  Prevention of disease may be accomplished in a satisfactory manner, but the treatment of disease  in fowls once well established is  very disappointing. Cleanliness  the preventive.  What     Would     Have     Happened  Heroes  Had  Been Against War  If the great heroes of the past had  all been pacifists-  There would have been no William of Orange to resist the Duke of  Alva, and the Spanish Inquisition  would have been established in full  power throughout all western Europe from the Mediterranean to the  Baltic.  There would have been no Oliver  Cromwell to resist the despotic rule  of the Stuarts, and England would  have become a second Spain.  There would have been no French  Revolution, and tlie France of the  Bourbons as Young described it in  his travels and as Dickens protray-  ed it in "The Tale of Two Cities,"  would be in all essentials the France  of today.  There would have been no George  Washington, *o American Revolution, no Declaration of Independence,  and on this western continent no  republic "conceived in liberty and  dedicated to the proposition that all  men are created equal."  Happily    for the human  race,  the  spirit   which   seems     to     animate   a  portion of  our  present  congress   did  not    animate    their    Dutch, English,  is | French   and   American     ancestors.���������  | New York Outlook.  Dangerous Guests  Brave Frenchman Who Was Executed  by Germans For Assisting  His  Countrymen  In a general army order, General  Joffre brings to the knowledge of  France the heroic behavior of Ca-  mille Eugene Jacquet, a tradesman  of Lille.  Condemned to capital punishment  by the Germans and executed in the  Lille Citadel on.September 22, 1915,  for having harbored, hidden, and  given help to French soldiers and  having helped them to escape, he  died as a hero unbandaged, crying  "Vive la France! Vive la Repub-  lique!"  For months this middle-aged wine  merchant, acting merely on the dictates of duty, devoted himself to establishing an "underground railway"  for many officers and men who succeeded in hiding in cellars when  Lille surrendered in October, 1914.  _ Day and night, M. Jacquet, according to the Matin, was aided by his  daughter. For' weeks he fed his  dangerous guests, who, as occasion  arose, were guided by a Belgian professional smuggler across Belgium  and reached France via England.  Among the extraordinary exploits  of this heroic man was the saving of  a flight-lieutenant, who on March 11,  with two other airmen, dropped  bombs on the German wireless station at Lille. Two machines got  back safely to their lines, but one  was- forced to -come down at the  gates of Lille. When German motor  mitrailleuses' reached the spot the  machine was in flames, but no trace  could be found of the airmen. A battalion of infantry searched the countryside for miles around without  discovering hhn.  It was 5.30 pjn. when the airman  was forced down, and in spite of the  swarm of German patrols looking  for him by 11 o'clock that night he  was drinking tea at the Jacquet  house.  For a fortnight the officer regained in the house, and on March 28  he started off. accompanied by Mile.  Jacquet and the Belgian smuggler,  for the frontier. When leaving his  guide the officer asid: "I owe you a  call; I hope to see you again soon."  True to his promise in less than a  month, on April 22, he flew over  Lille and dropped the following message:   "Liuetenant   presents  his  respects to the commander of the  German forces in Lille and regrets not  having been able to make his acquaintance during his pleasant stay in  tire neighbornood."  The officer was accidentally killed in August last, but his constant  flights over Lille and the story of  his escape will make him live long  in the memory of the townspeople.���������  London Times.  Miles    -Not    Dependent on   U.S.  Supplies of Explosives  Despite the fact that the Unite*  States is daily sending two million  dollars worth or war materrais across*  the Atlantic, -that country's contribution to the raunitron supplies of th*  allies is but "a drop in the bucket.''  Some time ago a semi-official state-*  ment was made to the effect that tho  United States furnished less than 2  per cent. Since . then other estimates have been made which place  the figure at nearly 5 per cent. Even  accepting the latter figure as the correct one, it is evident that the contributions made by the United States  are a very, very small proportion of  tlie total number of shells being  shipped to the  front.  We have generally been led to believe that the, Krupp factory at Es-'  sen was the largest munition plant  in the world. Today the steel works  alone of Sheffield are infinitely  greater than the whole of the Krupp,  plant. Already upwards of twenty-  five million dollars have been ' spent  in new munition plants in Sheffield,  and with the additions now under  way, fifty million dollars worth of  new plants will shortly be turning'  out explosives from this one city. Up*-'  wards of 12,000 men are employed in  shell making in that' city, while a  number equally large is engaged in  the manufacture  of cannon. ',   '  Today Lloyd George has. nearly  3,000 plants engaged in the manufacture of munitions, employing  nearly 1,000,000 men and women. In  addition to these - plants, under direct government supervision, there  are many other private factories en- *  gaged in the _ manufacture of - sheila  and other war materials.  Canada   'has   hundreds  of  factories  doing their bit,  while Australia, New  Zealand,   South   Africa  and   even  India   are     all   shipping   shells   to   the,  Huns via France and Flanders.  France is probably more thoroughly organized than is Great Britain,  and is turning out millions of shells;  Russia has taken over plants very  much as Lloyd George did in Eng- ,  laud, while the whole of Japan has  been turned into a workshop for the  production of shells and other munitions for Russia. When to these -  countries was auded the output of  Italy and whatever Belgium may be-  abl3 to do, the conclusion reached is  that while the supplies from the  United States are very welcome, and ���������  will help in smothering the German  guns, the allies are in no way dependent upon Uncle Sam for their  supplies   of   high   explosives. *  Kuropatkin's Return  That Kuropatkin should now be restored to favor and entrusted with  high and responsible commands means  either that Russia is desperately in  ���������leed of military talent or that Kuropatkin was a victim of bureaucratic  persecution and injustice after the  war with Japan. He is now to be put  to the test again, but he will lead an  army, not a mob, and his subordinates  will be competent and zealous. There  was never any doubt of Kuropatkin's  ��������� theoretical knowledge of war, and in  the Turkish campaign he had distinguished himself as Skobeleff's chief of  staff. In Turkestan and Samarkand  he added to his reputation. At thirty-  four he was a major-general and talked of as the successor of Skoheleff.  Kuropatkin was always a soldiers'  general and popular with the re-gimen-  tal officers.���������New York Sun.  The Dutch people occupy a country which contain s 12,630 square  miles���������little more than one-tenth of,  the size of Great Britain and Ireland, the  population being  just over 1 ers.  Holland as a War. Factor  Has Only a Small Army, but Men Are  Well   Trained  Apart from aiding the allies by giving opportunrties to them to attack  Germany on an open flank, Holland  probably could be of but little fighting value were she to enter the European struggle in these days wuen  armies are numbered in the millions  and dreadnoughts and battle cruisers  in the hundreds. The peace strength  of the active Dutch army is 47,660.  For some months past, however, the  army has been up to war strength,  and this totals about 150,000. These  men are ail, however, well trained, because of the compulsory system of  military service which exists. The'  Dutch artillery is armed with Krupp  guns.  The Dutch navy consists of 7 battleships, 4 cruisers, 40 torpedo boats, six  submarines and a number of gunboats  for coast defence. In addition to these  there are at least eight detsroyers.  Four more vere being built in Germany when war broke out, but these  were taken ov-r by the Germans. The  Dutch government immediately laid  down replace boats in Holland, and  doubtless some of"these ahve been  since completed.  Holland is bo.-dered on the south  by Belgium and on the east by Germany. On the former side the country .  is quite level; on the latter more hilly; the land frontier is open all round.  The frontiers are defended by few  fortresses On t'-ese sides are lines of  more or less permanent works, which  can be rendered very difficult of attack by inundations There are also  strong works on the coast Amsterdam  itself is well fortified, the possibility  of inundations there precluding any  suect-asful attack. The coast defences  are in  good  orcer.  The number of vessels belonging to  tho Dutch mercantile "marine at the  o-i.d af 1913 (latest figures available)  was: Sailing vessels, 400 of 40,193  English tons; steamers, 387 of 647,436  English tons. The tonnage of Dutch  vessels which entered and cleared at  the ports of the Netherlands in 1913  was: Entered, 18,198.000; cleared, 18,-  031,000. Many Dutch vessels are engaged in the carrying- trade between  foreign ports.  An Echo From Mons  The testimony of a nurse who had  been brought into contact with one of  the soldiers from the' battle of -Mons  was alluded to recently by a preacher  in a suburban pulpit In the course  of her ministrations to her patient,  said the speaker, she mentioned the  name of the Almighty, adding, as an  afterthought, "but perhaps, like soma  of the other men. you don't believe in  God?"  "I used not to do so," was the quiet  reply, "but Mons changed all that;"  and the nurse felt as she listened to  the plain, unvarnished words of the  young fellow, how intensely he felt  the reality of his experience. He  and some other men were in a chalk-,  pit and they knew that the German  cavalry were approaching. Suddenly  he looked up, attracted by the bright  light around the edge of the pit, and  saw distinctly the groups of guardian  angels. The horses of the enemy saw  them, too, and turned round, refused  to advance, and ultimately rushed  back beyond the control of their rid-  This   lull   gave   "the   boys"   a  6,000,000. Holland is not only flat I chance of escape; and, added the  it is hollow. Hence its name���������"Hoi- soldier earnestly, "I wasn't the only  lowland." Along the canals the mead-1 one that saw them, Sister, and 1 dont  ows   are 10 feet or 12 feet, sometimes   think any of us can feel just the same  more, beneath the waterline. By the  sea, at high tide, there may be a  difference in tho level of the soil  and of the ocean of quite twenty-  five feet or more.  after."���������Nursing Mirror.  m  A spendthrift is a person who buvqb  his money for a rainy day, and t2us*s  prays for rain.  \%t:i������������i^.^kr^:  &  -.-LY,  ">**'������������������" tfiWli  A'M  .-���������u,',..  ���������ii "iV  x&m  '���������TOi  ,':-i"Sw.t. "M*.. v'tesCft.'-'s  ������&*V*. i....-.:i ..Tfi,  | j.*-*"-**. *.-.,.; -.-Vj.-i"--'-_- ^-..T/i  "."twH*iT*~*T'.'" "  ���������'--~*tTr?*"L-[l'ir-p.-.'"T>*-rS' "-^^'-���������-������������������rm-rr*-,*r;,*,7J1"..3*nfe+������K>m!stzfxrsrz  ia*jta*rntzu mitrit-imir.wtr.1  ^rirtUw-tt-'aaK"'^^  SM-b-t-Wu-iMMtt-JC  .'mw'w^u. t^i-^*^ w^-^g^^-^'.^ w*?*-**-^-*^  Mt  THE  GAZETTE,  HEDLEY,  B. ; C.  i:P  !'f  Hi  I!  hi  I ST.  I  I'S'I  Trappers in the  Distant Northland  A Life of Seclusion Which  Represents  Freedom  From and Absence'  of Care       '.'   ���������'  Let:us visit.the cosy looking shanty  amidst the trees on yonder lake shore.  The  smoke  from   its  chimney   slowly  ascends skywards' for the atmosphere  is far below zero. Around the stove/are  sitting a couple of trappers spinning  wonderful yarns of trap  lore,    These  men are of thenorthland and  belong  to   the' trapping  fraiernity.       "Many  men, many minds," so it is with this  brotherhood;    one    characterizes    his  methods'as the last, survival of    the  fittest,   another   speaks, exultingly   of  his, own ..propaganda.     Yet,   disagree  as they may regarding plan and formula, the fur seekers ure brethren, united   in one single, purpose, namely to.  secure   the  greatest number   of   pelts  they  can.    For decades  the ttrapping  fraternity have tenanted the timbered  reaches, of  our   Canadian''hinterland.  Now  in   many  a place  the  twentieth  century   witnesses the  smoke   of  factory chimneys where once the trapper  was free to roam  and the fur  seeker  must now perforce trek farther north.  Months of seclusion  away from the  haunts of men have been the portion  of those    who  follow the    trap line.  Perchance  a  trapper  from  trie  opposite shore of the lake might occasionally, visit the shanty, bringing belated  intelligence    of  the  outer    world   received    perhaps  from   some    passing  caller, a. meniber also of the illustrious  Order of Pelts.    Quite possibly as the  visitor  is  relating    his    stories,    the  footsteps     of   an   Indian    are    heard  crunching the  snow on  the doorstep.  The  trappers  glance up   at the   newcomer,   and  as  the last  rays  of daylight are twinkling through  the  window the Neche is harking back to the  long, long ago when with  a  party of  Crces ��������� he   stalked   the   buffalo     over  Great  Bear  Hills,  or  set snares    for  the silver foxes.on the shores of Moose  Lake.    To the uninitiated   the  life of  the  trapper  appeals  as  a  life  of  extreme loneliness.   And indeed to those  accustomed to  the whirl of social  or  city business life the trapper's existence is indeed a lonely and secluded  one, but the brotherhood of trap and  pr-lt   having   once  inhaled   the   ozone  of   the   northland,   eagerly .anticipate  the time when they can resume their  avocation.       Crowded ��������� thoroughfares  and city streets are unknown-to habitues  of  the trap  line.    Instead  these  sons of, nature prefer the music of the  tree choristers and' a view of creation  untrammelled by the progress of the  world   of   men.     The  trapper's   vocation represents freedom from and absence of care.   While his fellow mortals  are, struggling madly  for  a barf  existence, the trapper remains content  in his outpost.   The fact that a thousand   applicants     are    clamoring    for  work in city or town does not affect  him at all, 'for lie does not know that  such -is the case. ...,'.  And as we trudge along in the forest depths, the lonely grave of a trapper is occasionally seen. A good fellow passed away, perchance entered  into the Great Unknown���������in solitude.  As the writer pens these words, there  has flashed into his mind the sight  of one such "last home" on a windswept island of Lake Winnipeg. Just  a rough wooden cross at the head of a  little mound, the word "Jim" and  three figures, the last of these presumably an eight. Ah, some mother's  boy, we know not who he is, or whence  he came. He is resting serenely, his  dirge continuing in roar of winter  storm, and in summer sunshine repeated by screeching gulis as they fly  to and from the lake waters.���������J. 1). A  Evans in Rod  and Gun.  fill  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  back shop, along with kerosene oil,  decayed vegetables and other products  giving off undesirable odors, or .in  butcher shops where the odor from  decayed meats could not do otherwise  than injure the quality of the cream.  Cream handled under these conditions must seriously injure the quality of the butter manufactured, and  the general inferior quality of dairy  butter is transmitted through the  ,buying stations, to the creamery biit  ter, and would eventually deprive the  better dairymen of the export market,  where through years of hard work a  good reputation has been gained.  Croam buying stations also mean less  money for the farmer who produces  the cream,-because of the added cost  of the middleman who operates the  station.  Express charges are paid by practically all of the creameries so there  is nothing to prevent any farmer from  shipping his cream direct to a creamery. The express companies give a  rate on a five gallon can of cream, and  any farmer with two 'or three cows  should be able to s.irp a full  can of  Food For Soldiers  The   Favorite   Dishes   of   the   Various  Allied Soldiers  One of the greatest problems which  confront the military leaders of the  different countries is to supply the  soldiers with adequate satisfying food.  Napoleon spoke truly when he said  that armies fight on their bellies. The  British commissariat has had many  problems to solve. Men well fed at  home have to be well fed at the front.  The English soldier must have his  jam  and marmalade as  well  as  beef.  The Russian soldier presents an  easier problem. All he asks is plenty  of "stchee," a sort of gruel or thick  soup made of pork, oatmeal, potatoes  and cabbage, boiled together with salt  and other seasoning. The French soldier also consumes vast quantities-of  what he calls "soup," although in  reality it is a thick and nourishing  stew, made of meat, potatoes, and  various other vegetables.  Where are the Old Ladies  For the Bis: Drive  Italian soldiers demand  their  regu-  this size every four or five days, so Mai-supply of macaroni and spaghetti,  the argument that the small farmer  is deprived of a market for his cream  does not hold good, in any case cans  partially filled can be forwarded and  are accepted   by the  creameries.  The  regulations  recently _ issued  by  the Dairy Commissioner with  respect  to buying stations do not impose any  hardship nor ask for any unnecessary  equipment   or   accommodation,     but  simply  provides for conditions  under  which cream can, be handled properly  and the  farmer 'who  produces   it obtains fair returns for his labor.  ' Regulations similar to those enacted  by   the     Saskatchewan     Government  have   recently   been   passed   by    tbe  Manitoba Government.   Cream buying  stations have become even more numerous  rn  that  province  than   in  Saskatchewan,   and   already   the   quality  of Manitoba  butter has  been injured  by   cream   shipped   from   buying  stations.     It  was   desirous  that  similar  conditions should not "prevail  in Saskatchewan,   and   to   prevent  the   possibility  of this, regulations governing  cream   buying  stations  were  passed  Zeppelins Prove  A Boomerang  Why  They   Have   Done  the   Germans  More Harm Than Good   ,  For Cream Buying Stations  New   Regulations  in Saskatchewan   in  Order to   Improve Quality  of Cream  Regulations governing Cream Buying Stations, effective after June 15,  1916, have been issued by the Dairy  Branch, Department of Agriculture,  Regina, and require that all such  stations be licensel and subject to  inspection.  To protect the reputation of the  creamery butter of Saskatchewan in  both home and export markets, it has  been considered advisable to provide  that certain conditions be complied  with in order to protect the quality  of a product so easily injured as butter. Owners of cream buying stations  throughout the province have already  been advised of the conditions necessary and application forms sent them  to apply for license. The buying of  cream, through the medium of buying  stations was rapidly becoming a serious danger not only in Saskatchewan  but in the other prairie provinces aa  well. Buying stations for the purchase of cream were being established  in towns and villages all over the  West, many of these by merchants  who bad no experience or knowledge  in the testing or care of cream, and  who had no suitable place or equipment for handling it.  Generally speaking, little or no attention has been given by the cream  buying      stations   to   the   grading   of  cream,   and   farmers  have   been   paid  as much  for over ripe cream  of bad  flavor as for sweet cream of good flavor.    Furthermore, the identity of the  cream   is   lost  at  the  buying  stations  through  the mixing of the cream for  shipment   to   the   creamery,   and   the  creamory   receiving   it   is   unable     to  determine  which farmers are sending  cood orenm or which bad. consequently   no   Improvement    in   the    care  or  quality  of the cream could  be hoped  for under these conditions.    In  addition  to  this inferior cream  was often  held  for several  hours uncooled  in  a  - Comparison of the aerial defences  of Paris with those of London to the  detriment of the latter have followed  every successful Zeppelin raid upon  the Imperial metropolis., Critics have  pointed to the immunity of Paris as  proof of the incompetence of the British air service and of the inadequacy  of defence provisions by the War Office, i The reason for the apparent  superiority of the French authorities  in the defence of their capital was,  however, stated in an interview given  by Prince Poniatowski; an attache of  the French War Office, upon his arrival in New York to purchase aeronautical supplies for his Government.  "London is as well off as far as equipment goes to ward off Zeppelin raids  as Paris," he said. ' "The reason that  they are made on England instead of  orr Paris is that to make a successful  raid on the French capital and return safely, they must cross the firing  lines twice. Paris also can get an  adequate warning. In attacks on London, on the other hand, the Zeppelins  have no firing lines to cross and can  descend upon the English city without  warning."  In the Prince's opinion, the Zeppelins have done the German cause more  harm than good and he sums up their  efforts in a few brief but pointed sentences: "The Zeppelins, as an engine,  of war, have acted as a boomerang  for these reasons: They have aroused  England to a high pitch of .patriotism  in quicker time than would otherwise  have been possible; they have meant  an enormous cost, they have obtained  no military results; and they have  aroused the disgust of the neutral nations. The Germans argue that their  Zeppelin raids are a part of their military offensive. If this is so, why don't  the Zeppelins fly over the firing lines  and drop bombs on the soldiers, instead of flying over cities far afield  and dropping bombs on women and  children."  and eat little '. meat. Their diet consists largely, of farinaceous foods,  fruits and wine, the latter being issued  as part of their regular rations. The  German soldiers get their meat rations  largely in the form of sausage. Give  a Teuton plenty ,of sausage with beer  to wash it down and he is perfectly  content. ;    ' - ���������   ���������������������������*������������������'.-.  The British fighters from: India demand a menu entirely different from  that of the Tommies, and the* Turcos  of the French army are also peculiar  in their tastes. The food most favored by the colored Algerian soldiery  is "cous-cous," or boiled-semolina,  made of the large hard, grains retained in the bolting machine after the  fine flour has passed through it. The  semolina is served either plain, or  with the addition of vegetables, sometimes with a little mutton or goat  flesh added. On this regimen a Turco  will march farther and carry a heavier  load with less fatigue than any other  soldier of any nation.  Serb in Anglican  Pulpit  A Serbian priest, Father Nicolia  Velimivovic, has been preaching at  St. Margaret's Westminster. Russian  music was sung by the choir before  the sermon. The church was quite  full half an hour before the service  began. Taking as his subject "The  Slav Orthodoxy," the preacher said he  looked upon the Anglicanism as a true  religion lived by the people, but it  seemed to him less vivid, less compelling, and less national than the  religion of the Russian church. He  would welcome a union between the  churches which would bind the Russian and the British races in a true  brotherhood.  More Wood Pulp Mills  Canadian   Wood   Pulp   Will   be   Used  to Supply  the  Empire  Some months ago, when the , relationship between Great Britain and  Sweden was somewhat strained owing  to the effect of. German influence in  the press and the seizure by the British war ships of vessels suspected of  carrying contraband from Swedish  ports to the enemy, the Government  of Sweden, as a reprisal,, forbade the  export of pulp to Great Britain. That  action resulted in an immediate rise  in the price of pulp sulphite, curtailment in the size of newspapers in  Great Britain, and a situation that  gave a measure of anxiety to the  paper mills, whose stocks were not  large. .  Canada was appealed to. But her  transportation service was so handicapped, and her own supplies so restricted, that shipments on a large  scale could not be considered. The  price of pulp in the meantime continued to mount up till they were five  times dearer than when war broke  out.  Information to hand from London  is to the effect that the embargo put  upon pulp from Svveuen is virtually  removed, but that it is too late for  Sweden to regain the trade that she  lost by her action. Considerable progress, has been made with arrangements for the establishment in Canada of a huge mill for the production  of sulphite pulp and it is expected  that it will not be necessary to import  much pulp from Sweden after the  war.  How. the   Old   Ladies   of  the   Present  Age" Have  Become Transformed  Someone was' saying the other day  (and she  won't mind seeing her idea  here) that the elderly woman of today  is sowing her wild oats and having the  protracted good time of her life. Obviously   from   the   time   a   woman   is  married her years are filled with cares  and- responsibilities,  until  finally the  children grow up, marry, leave home,  and,  husband  having developed    the  poise and  content of tlie,' usual elderly person, she finds to her amazement  that she  is free.      Then comes , the  period of wild oats. She keeps a date  book, goes to clubs,  has a place on  boards of things,  travels oh  the federation   special    across   continent,   as  likely as not, lives at hotels, sends her  own   telegrams,   orders   taxis,   treats  other  women   to   luncheons  and   din--  ners, makes speeches, votes if she has  a chance, legislates, uplifts and keeps  a telephone on her desk.    These are  only a few.    If she'is not interested  in this sort of thing you will discover  her tucked away in the back  seat of  a touring  car,   where  she  is  not; the  least trouble in the world, and is always under all circumstances,  a perfectly  splendid   credential  of  respectability.    Two generations  ago  women  of her age were senile, and sat in the  chimney corner where they  would be  out of the  way.      But the   >chimney  corner went out of  architecture^  and  she   was   just  as   naturally, uprooted.  There  are   fewer    old   ladies'    homes  than there promised to be.   Not while'  grandmother  can    wear    her    granddaughters' shoes and hats and sashes  and    beads  is she    going    to  an old  ladies-  home.  A generation ago there  promised to be a call for an old ladies'  home  in   every  block.   It's  wonderful  how we old ladiesohave become transformed,  and fairly forced another issue.    Of  course,   we  are  sowing    our  wild oats.    We have made a place for  ourselves.    Hurrah 1 Really there are  no   old   ladies.     Ask   the   milliner!���������  Women's Clubs Magazine.  Sign of a Good German    <������������������  A visitor to a British trench throws  some light upon the chivalry of the  British soldier, and, incidentally, upon the humanity of ��������� nome Germans-  one in particular. "I- was standing  in a front trench alongside a soldier  whose business it was to observe the  German lines, whicn/' we could see  with singular clearness,; and especially to report to various killing units  the appearance of any enemy seen in  the open.  "But we don't always fire at them,"  he explained, and, pointing to the  corner of a field, said: "I saw a German crossing here yesterday as cool  as a cucumber; but he was a good  fellow, and so I'did nothing."  It puzzled me riot a little to know  how he distinguished a good fellow  from a bad at 800 to 1,000 yards; and,  anyway, how he came to regard any  Boche as a friend and a brother. But  the soldier, whose speech betrayed  him as a member of one of those good  old English county regiments which  have fought with unvarying stoutness  gave quite a simple explanation. He  knew the Boche to be a good fellow���������  "because he stooped down and patted  a dog."  Hold the  Foe    Off and.   Prepare  For  a Knockout  , To whichever part of the European  fronts we look the most remarkable  fact is still the refusal of the allied  commands to be provoked into a premature offensive. Evidently the British have only to be unleashed on the  west and the Crown Prince's effort  must be arrested; so, too, the Austrians can be concentrated upon the  Trentino because no special pressure  is being put upon them in the east and  southeast. There can only be one  rational interpretation of these facts,  and in France the army and civilian  public realize it so well that they bear  the strain without a whisper of complaint. The allies have now a definite  ascendancy and at any moment they  can reduce the enemy to a defensive  on any and every side, but the autumn offensives in tho Champagne  and Artois taught their authors many  things. They effected more in a tew  days than the: Crown Prince won on  the Meuse in three months. Here .is  the measure of the difference of  strength0 today. ,  The German command undertook the  battle of Verdun because.it could not  contemplate a larger operation, and  it is now so deeply involved that it  cannot draw. out. The allies, on the  other hand, are so bent upon a vastly  larger operation, which they hope will  be decisive, that they prefer to risk  local and momentary losses rather  than postpone the day when they will  be fully ready, to deliver in common  their knockout,blow. It would, therefore, be unfair to General Joffre and  the General's officers and men directly  concerned to regard the struggle north  of Verdun as a fair trial of strength.  Vast ' as are its proportions and the  sacrifices involved, it is over-shadowed  by a coming event incomparably  greater. Enemy strategy, whether on  the Meuse or the Adige, is to destroy  this,menace. It is at once the weakness and: strength of the allies that  while putting forth at these points just  a sufficient defensive effort they must  never compromise the supremely important work of preparation.���������London  Chronicle.  Rural Credits  A Call to Horse Breeders  Not only has the wastage of horses  by reason of the war been enormous  but in all the belligerent countries,  not omitting Great Britain, there has  either been a partial stoppage or a  whole stoppage of breeding by reason  of the scarcity of labor, the disturbed  conditions or entire devastation.  Whether the war lasts or ceases  there must continue an undiminished  demand for horses. When peace comes  there will be a long period of replenishment. Then quality, as much and  even more than quantity, will be required. Hence the evident call to  every Canadian farmer is to breed, and  to breed to the best available.���������John  W. Brant, Sec. National Live Stock  Records.  When Baldness Starts  It has been discovered that if a  person is going to be bald in middle  life, or even in old age, the symptoms  will appear between the ages of fifteen and twenty-five. Although the  hair may gradually become thinner as  one grows older, it will never entirely  disappear unless signs, of its thinning  become manifest before the age of  thirty-five years.  When Your Eyes Need Care  Uee Murine Eye Medicine. NoSmartlng���������Feela  Fine ���������Acts Quickly. Try It for Red, Weak,  Bore Eyea and Granulated Eyelids. Murine la  compounded by our Oculists���������not a "Patent  Medicine"��������� butuged in auccessiul"Pbysicians'  Practice for m ������ ny yearn. Now dedicated to  ������he Public and woM by "Druggists at 50c per  Bottle. Murine E*/e Salve in Aseptic Tubes,  16c and 50c. Wr|., for book of tlie Eye Free.  Murine Eye Ram ������dy Company, Chicago. Adv.  W.  N.  U.      HI3  An item in the British and Colonial  Printer gives an idea of the extent  of the German paper famine. Shortage of paper is so severely felt, it runs,  that grocers, booksellers, drapers, etc.,  print their invoices on old paper taken  from old circulars and old prospectuses which previously have been printed on one side only. Factories for  making old newspaper and old books,  now unsaleable, available for a second use are being established in  Leipzig and Elberfield, and also in  the neighborhood of Berlin.  "Wife (with newspaper)���������It says here  that men grow bald because of the intense activity of their brain.  Hub���������Exactly ! And women have  J no whiskers because of the intense  j activity ol their chins.  "Bobby," said the lady in the tube  railway, severely, "wny don't you get  up and give your seat to your father?  Doesn't it pain you to see him reaching for the  strap?"  "Not in a train," said Bobby.  The first fruits of the conquest of  the German Cameroons reached London in the shape of about 400 tons  of cocoa.  A  Syrian   Custom  In Syria sky blue' is the mourning  color, indicative of the assurance that  the deceased has gone to heaven.  Teacher���������Tommy, what is the difference between  angling and fishing?  Tommy���������Well, the rich man angles and the poor man fishes.���������Chicago Herald.  "What i3 Jim doing now?" "Anybody he can come across "  For Campers  The spot where your tent is to stand  should be open. Have it as close to  the woods as you wish, but so that the  sun will shine on your tent. Sunlight  is the healthiest thing in the world.  It is the. best disinfectant. If you  pitch your tent under the thick trees,  there will always be an unhealthy  dampness, and mosquitoes -will flock  in. Then, too, in thunder-storms there  is less danger in the open than under  trees. The all-important reason, however, for pitching your tent in the  open is the matter of health.  Do not put up the tent in a hollow.  Water will lodge under it with the  first shower. Set it on a little knoll.  All this holds good whether- you use  an A-tent, wall-tent, lean-to. or any  other sort of shelter. Once the tent  is up in place, dig a drain around it  exactly under the edge of the canvas,  so that all the water will run off the  tent into this drain and be carried  away."���������Peter Johnson, in the May  St. Nicholas.  Parcels   for   Wounded   Soldiers  Nearly forty-nine thousand parcels  have been sent, to date, by the Canadian Red Cross to sick and wounded  Canadian soldiers in the various hospitals. The contents of these parcels  were not chosen at random, but were  according to each  man's request.  A recent list includes notepaper,  toilet articles, mirrors, pipes, tobacco,  socks, soft boots, canvas shoes, stylo  pens, books, sweaters, khaki shirts,  underwear, fruit, flowers, puzzles,  mouth organs, playing cards, sweets.  "Comfort bags," as these parcels  have become known, have achieved  such fame among the soldiers as to  cause sometimes an embarrassing demand. Most of the articles thus sent  out come in generous measure from  the Red Cross branches in Canada.  What Canada Offers  Settlers coming here from the United  States may rely upon finding cheaper  land and lower taxation than they  have at home, to say nothing of the  better price they can get over here  for their high grade wheat because  of the advantage we secure in the  British market owing to our superior  system of grading.���������Winnipeg Telegram.  Villages   With   no   Fighting   Men   Left  A remarkable record of service in  connection with the war is held by  the remote Scottish island of Lewis.  Out of a population of 28,000, close  on 4,500 are with the colors. In many  villages not a man fit for.military service is left. Already over 300 of the  islanders have given their lives in  the war. The following letter, dated  Windsor Castle, May 10, had been  received by William Grant, journalist,  Storoway, from Lord Stamfordham,  the   King's  private   secretary:  "I have received and laid before  the King the specially bound copy of  your 'Loyal Lewis' Roll of Honor,  which you have been good enough to  forward through Mr.. Ian MacPherson  for submission to the King.  "His Majesty wishes to express his  appreciation of the gallant service  rendered by- the people, of the island  of Lewis, at.the same time sympathizing with the families of those v.-ho  have given their lives in this terrible  war."  British Columbia Adopts the New Ze  Land Rural Credits System  British  Columbia  has adopted    ti;  New   Zealand   system   of  governme  loans  to   farmers.      Four  years    a  the British Columbia government se  a  royal commission  to Australia  a  New Zealand to investigate the ru  credit  systems   in  operation   in  th  dominions.   The report brought in  the   commission   was   very   favoral]  and   the  government  secured   the  actment     of   legislation     to   make  effective.    Under the new Agricultu,  Credits Act the government  has  b<  rowed $1,000,000 at 5.G3 per cent, a  will re-loan this money to the farm<  throughout  the   Pacific  province,  is expected that the cost of this mon  to the furmers  will  be u'bout one r.  cent,  over  what the  government  h'  to  pay  for  it,   but even  this  rate  srx and a half per cent,  will  be cw-  siderably lower than the average n<  being     paid   by    farmer?  in     Br'iti  Columbia or in the Prairie Provinci  A   report   from   Victorra,   B.   C, ' sa  that  the government  expects  to  io  56,000,000 or $7,000,000 to farmers rii  rng the coming year under the    NfVi  Zealand system.���������The Grain Groweij  Guide. h-  Oats of Barbed Steel  German Slim Trick to Kill the Briti  Horses  Barbed  oats are the instruments  offence   invented   by   Germans.      T.  War Office has had to issue to' respo.  sible officers in charge of cavalry ar  other  mounted   forces   an   order   th<j  every bushel of oats now must be. e*  ammed carefully  before it is used,  has been discovered that some of tl  sacks of oats purchased in the Unite  States contained' little pieces of ste<  shaped like oats, and painted yellc  These  are   barbed,   and   a  horse   th  swallowed     one    would    have    litt  chance   of   life.     The   placing   of .th  barbed  oats in  the  food  is conside  ed   to   be   the   work  of   Germans   wh  have obtained employment in  Amer  can  granaries   in  order    to   kill     th  horses at 3,000 miles range.  A  Gallant  and   Hardy  Breed  It is hardly necessary to emphasize  the dangerous character of mine-  sweeping. Trawlers and drifters, being of moderate draught, have a certain- advantage over nt-avier ships, for  they can often pass in safety above  mines which have been laid at a cer-  \f 'u depth to catch deeper riding victims. On the rl'rr hand, the very  nature of their duty compels them to  spend most of their time in mine-infested waters, and the appalling risks  they run are too often brought home  to up by the-casualty lists: But the  erstwhile fishermen who man these  boats are a gallant and hardy breed,  too inured to the vicissitudes of wind  and weather to be much impressed  by the hidden and deadlier perils  that now lurk beneath the grey  waters.���������The Navy.  An Ice Mine  Probably the strangest mine in the  world is to be found in Pennsylvania.  It is an ice mine, which freezes in  summer and thaws in winter. It is  40 feet deep and from 10 to 12 feet in  diameter, up which pours a peculiar  cold mist coming from openings *ound  all the way from the top to the bottom. As soon as warm weather arrives frost appears on the walls of the  shoft and soon tiny icicles form rapidly, until in the warmest weather  huge icicles, often two feet thick,  reach from the top to the bottom of  the mine. Geologists can offer no explanation. The owner built a shed  over the mine, but had to tear it down  because as soon as the sun's rays were  cut off the ice melted. Its normal  thaw sets in in October.  An old farmer and his' wife drove t  market one day. It had been a ver-  wet day, und large pools of water ha  formed in the roadway between th'  farm and the town. On the returr  journey they, met an old friend.  ��������� "And how are you today?" was th'i  friendly greeting. j  "Oh, very well, thank you 1 answer!  ed tlie farmer. '.,  "How is the missus?" continued thif  friend. ,i  "She's fine, fine!" answered th'r  farmer. "She's behind there"���������jerk'j  ing the thumb toward the back seat}  "She's not ,there!" said the astonishy  ed friend. j  The old farmer turned and looked-'  over his shoulder,1 then cooly replied\  "Humph 1 that accounts for'. the]  splash, then !"���������London News. ..'. J.  Huns  Fooling the  Dutch  ���������11  Revelations are accumulating about? |  the cunning character of the German!]  intrigue to arouse feeling against ���������'.'thel'"  allies.      Baron   von   Kuhlmann,    thel  notorious  German publicity  agent,  is}'  clearly indicated as the author of '%he\  insidiously  spread  canard, .now  fully:  exposed,   that   the   allies  intended   to  land troops in Holland.    Some of the1  Dutch   papers   are   pointing   out   that]  this  palpable lie  obscured     the  vital  issue  about   the    torpedoing    oi. the  Dutch ships by the German submarines.  Women   are   now   employed   in  block-system   signal   aervice   for  Lyon - Mediterranean       railway  France.  the  the  in  True   Diplomacy  True  diplomacy  is  to  get all    you  can   with   as  much   courtesy  as  you  can.���������Rev. Boyd Carpenter  The former Pacific Mail liner Nile  has been sold to a Chinese syndicate  for $750,000. Shortly after the outbreak of the war it was taken by  Great Britain, and since then has  been one of the most active merchant  ships aiding the British navy. It  has seen service in all Oriental waters,  has carried troops from China to  India to France, and for several  months acted as a transport across  the English Channel.  ..���������/.'  Sir Edward Grey's Pets -;1  Sir Edward Grey is ahvays looked-/  upon as somewhat hard and unbend-i  in. There are a number of wild?!  squirrels in a certain wood which]  quickly find out when he is at home/  in Northumberland and make their*  way to his house. They scale the walls-}  and invade the library; then, jump-4  ing upon his writing table, are re-;  warded   with  nuts,   which   they  take!  frcm his hand. )   :  v  t  According to a htiart specialist, if}  one retires to bed at ten instead of,',-  twelve he saves the heart 876,000 foot-',  pounds a year. Lying down .half an- >  hour daily lessens its labor ��������� in the j  same period by 219.000 foot-pounds.  Jenkins���������My stenographer can wrrte |  orre hundred and fifty words a minute. '  Thompkins���������So can mine���������but sher .  doesn't seem to care what tho words )  aro. i  First Stoker (weary)���������I'd like to find  the merchant 'oo invented boilers.  Second Stoker (also weary)���������Boilers,  be blowed 1 I'm lookin' for the blighter  'oo found out that coal would burn.���������  Punch.  One defect of German diplomacy  seems to be a foolish habit of letting  important papers lie around loose.���������  Charleston News and Courier.  When a man begins to shout that  he is just as s;ood as anybody, that  is one sign that ha isn't.  The Lights  Of 65 Years Ago  Are still doing duty in  the shape of  Eddy's  Matches  Sixty - five years ago  the firstCanadiaii-iiiade  Matches were made at  Hull by Eddy and  since that time, for  materials and striking  qualities, Eddy's have  beeii the acknowledged best.  When Buying Matches  Specify "Eddy's."  mmmmmtm THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.  it bears the  Seal of Purity-  All over the world the  name Sunlight stands  for purity in Soap., Our  $5,000 guarantee of  Purity is- something  more than an advertisement. It marks the  high standard we have  set for ourselves to give  you the best laundr*y  soap it' is possible to  produce at any price.  {to aid nature occasionally,when your  liver is sluggish, your stomach disordered or your bowels inactive. Let  |fhis safe, mild, dependable remedy  regulate these organs and put them  [in a sound and healthy condition.  rscst Sale of Any McdicSno in tho World.  Sold everywhere.    In boxes, 25 cents.  ARLINGTON  'waterproof collars and cuffs  J Something better than linen and bie laundry  Kills. Wash it with soap and water. All  Itores or direct. State style and size. For  |5c. we will mail you.  THE ARLINGTON COMPANY OF  CANADA, "Limited  58 Fraaer Aveuai, Toronto, Ontariw  jfe's Coffos Roof Cotspocnl  A soft, reliable rtcnUatinff  medicine. Bold in three. d������-,  greea of strength. No. 1,  .SI; No. 2, $3; No. 3, *"S  per box. Sold by all  druEgists. or sent prepaid in plain package on  receipt of price. Pre*  pamphlet.    Address:  THE COOK ���������S8EDIC1KE COJ  tOtmaa.O&Z, (JhemOg WetswJ  Bureau of Social Research!  Stamps as Spy Messages  eafness Is Misery  1 know because I was Deaf sod had Head  Noises for over 30 years.   Myinvisible  Anti-septic Ear Drumt restored my hear-  ' ing and stopped Head Noises, and willdo  (it for you.   They are Tiny Megaphones.  ill Cannot be seen when worn.   Easy   to put  ' ' in, eas.' to take out.   Are "Unseen Com-  iBU< forts."Inexpensive. Writefor Booklet and  a      /    .rfly sworn statement of howl recovered  ,^^/    'my hearing.      A. O. LEON ARO  E*--**' Suite 2 29 16-i5thAve.   - - N ,Y .City  if  k C17   LOSSES   SURELY  PREVENTED  ELI A I M by Cuttor*j Blacklev Pilli. Low-  BlVr**nWll. priced, fresh. reliable; preferred by  Western stockmen because they pro-  Bn* ������-*��������������������� ^*n teot where other vaoeiaec fait,  11-1 lZL7������T" "Write for booklot and testimonials.  I.y dT* 1 to 10-doso pkge. Blackleg Pills $1.00  IjLjfl���������l^>J������     50-dose pkge. Blackleg Pills   4.00  Use any injector, but Cutter's best.  i- i "The superiority 6r Cutter producU Is duo to oyer IS  I wears of specializing in vaeoines and sorums only.  I     Insist on Cutter's.    If unobtainable, prder^dlrect.  I'SHE  CUTTER   LABORATORY,   Berkeley,   California,  Organized by the Governments of the  Three  Prairie   Provinces  A Bureau of social research has  .recently been, organized under the  joint control of the provincial governments of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta in order to make a more careful investigation of general social welfare questions than has hitherto been  possible by any, existing government  department or public institution.  The purpose is in general to make  a practical study of community problems with a view (a) to promoting a  more general interest in social welfare,  (b) providing expert advice and assistance to any community desirous of  organizing its forces for more efficient  citizenship,' (c) securing data which  will form the basis for sound and progressive legislation.  The functions of the bureau are twofold���������1st, to secure information; this  will be done through co-operation with  public and private agencies and by  special investigation, 2nd, to disseminate such information by means of  reports, bulletins, the public press',  lectures, correspondence, etc.  Two kinds of investigation will'be  carried on during the first year���������(1)  The care of immigrants, with special  reference to the Ruthenians who are  settled in large numbers in the rural'  districts of all three provinces; (21  A preliminary enquiry with regard to  the feeble-minded, for whom as yet  there is no proper institutional  care.  The three prairie provinces have  much in common and have already  been co-operating in the provision of  institutions- for the care of the various classes of dependents and delinquents, including the blind, deaf and  dumb  children.  Controlling the work of the bureau  there will be, in each province, an advisory council consisting of one cabinet minister and five appointed members. When the organization of these  provincial councils is completed two  representatives from each will form  an' interprovincial council which will  be responsible for general Dolicy.  The Dominion Commission of Conservation has for many years been  doing good work in the collection and  dissemination of information relative  to the natural resources of Canada,  such as forests, water powers, soils,  etc., their development and proper  conservation. The work of the bureau  of Social Research will be in the probably more important direction of treating with the "human resources" and  i-in this work it is felt that the bureau  I will receive the unstinted support of  I the public. To this end questions have  J been sent to school teachers, ministers,  ! and, secretaries of farmers and wo-  I men's organizations throughout the  province enquiring as to social conditions in various districts, and the general information which will be secured  in this way will be supplemented by  particulars obtained as the result of  special studies in particular districts.  Most infants are Infested by worms,  which cause great suffering, and if  not promptly dealt with may cause  constitutional weaknesses difficult to  remedy. Miller's Worm Powders will  clear the stomach* and bowels of worms  and will so act upon the system that  there will be no recurrence of the  trouble. And not only this, but they  will repair the injuries .to the organs  that worms cause and restore them  to soundness.  "THE NEW FRENCH REMEDY. N-.1N.2 N,l.  rTH������RAPJON:g^^tS  j'f'reat success, cores chronic weakness, lost vigor  A vim kidney   bladder, diseases, blood   poison.  I .-"TILES     EITHE"!  NO   DRUGCISTSOC MAILS1. POST 4 CT9  t-'r-OUGERA CO   SO   BEEKMAN ST   NEW YORK Or LYMAN BROS  r:4roRoriTo������ write for FREE book to Dr. le Clerc  .Med Co Havei:stockRd.Hampstead. London. Eno.  "crvnewdrageeltastelessiformor  easy to tak**  THERAPI-ON -^ss������..������  ifiEE THAT   TRADE   MARKED   WORD   "THERAPION" IS OH  ' 4BRIT. GOVT   STAM f- AFFIXED TO ALL GENUINE PACKBTi.  Many   Indians   Have   Enlisted  Up to the present time over eight  ' hundred Indians have enlisted in the  '"Canadian Overseas forces, while the  Indians of Canada have contributed  no less than $24,634 to the patriotic  fund. An effort was made to form a  oomplete Indian battalion, and this  would. have been successful, but for  ���������the fact that recruiting officers had  been busy amongst the tribes on be-  "half of several regimentn. It is said  -that after the war is over the Indians  who have served at the front will demand the white man's privilege of  voting and it will probably be handed  to them.  Visitor���������But whatever induced you  to take up safe-cracking for a living?  ."Oh! I dunno, lady. I guess I had  a. natural gift for it."���������Life.  A cat can turn completely over and  ���������Sand on its paws in a fall of fifteen  inches.  Some time ago a Brooklyn cook announced to the mistress of the house  her betrothal, adding that she might  leave at any moment. The woman of  the, house was genuinely sorry, since  the cook was a good one.  Months passed, however, without  further .word of leaving, although the  happy man-to-be was a frequent caller  in the kitchen. So the mistress was  finally moved to ask:  ! "When are you going to be married,  Mary?"  "Indade,-. an' it's niver at all, I'm  thinkin', mum," was the melancholy  response.  "Really! What's the trouble?"  " 'Tis this mum���������I won't marry Pat  whin he's drunk, an' whin he's sober  he won't marry me 1"  The Sacred Bridge of Pekin, which  a few years ago, no one was permitted to tread upon except the Emperor,  is now freely used by the Chinese  pedestrians. '-..-'���������  A Pill Thai Lightens Life.���������-To the  man who is a victim of indigestion  the transaction of business becomes  an added misery. He cannot concentrate his mind upon his tasks and loss  and vexation attend him. To such a  man Parmelee's Vegetable Pills offer  relief. A course of treatment, according to directions, will convince him  of their great excellence. They are  confidently recommended because they  will do all that is claimed for them.  / .   Waiter���������Yes,- sir, omelettes has gone  up on account of the war.  Diner���������Great Scot! Are they throwing eggs at each other?  Gloves   With   Fingers  It was in  the  twelfth  century that  gloves with separate fingers were first  worn.  Arranged to Convey   Information of a  Naval or Military Nature  The Italian* Government has forbidden the exportation and the German  Government the importation of used  and unused postage stamps, according  to information received from Switzerland by Hugh Clark, a New York  philatelist.  American dealers' supplies of stamps  from Italy are thus suspended; and  those from Germany are delayed because they must come by way of Rou-  mania and the Orient, whereas formerly they reached here by way of  Italy.  The British Government does not  permit German stamps to be sent out  by way of Holland or the ��������� Scandinavian countries, according to local  philatelists, and the French Government is equally strict.  The letter received by Mr. Clark  carried the intimation that two secret  codes built upon the use oi postage  stamps sent through letters had been  discovered by the Italian and German  authorities^ arid that these were responsible for the respective decisions  of the two governments. Through these  codescertain numbers and types of  stamps, imported or exported, were  said to be conveying information of  a naval or military nature..  Delicate Young Girls,  Pale, Tired Women  There is no beauty in pallor, but  proof of plenty of weakness. ��������� Exertion makes your heart flutter,, your  back and limbs ache, and you sadly  need something to put some ginger  into your system. Try Dr. Hamilton's  Pills; they make you feel alive, make  you want to do things. They renew  and . purify the blood���������then come  strong nerves, rosy cheeks, laughing  eyes, robust good health. -���������You'll be  helped in- a' hundred ways by Dr.  Hamilton's Pills, which are an old  family remedy of great renown.  Thousands use no other medicine and  never have an day's sickness of any  kind. Get a 25c. box today. Sold by  all dealers.  NO ALUM  MADE   IN   CANADA  Origin   of  Wood   PuLd   Paper  A writer in the ''Newcastle Chronicle" says that an old'hornet's nest  caused Dr. Hill, of Augusta, Maine,  to make the, discovery. A friend and  neighbor had told him there was not  enough cotton and rags in the'world  to supply: the newspapers and other  publications with their raw material.  That was about, forty years ago, and  Dr. Hill took a hornet's nest to the  superintendent of a nearby paper factory and asked him, "Why can't: you  make paper'-, like that?" They sat down  together, took the nest apart, analyzed  it carefully, and decided that if a  hornet could make paper out of wood,  man ought to be able to do as much.  The doctor discovered that the hornet-  first chewed the wood into a fine pulp.  They decided to make machinery and  water do what the hornet's mouth  did. Such was the beginning of the  wood pulp industry.  Minard's   Linimentr Cures Colds,   Etc.  The Post Office Department . has  received information that gifts sent  from Canada to Canadian soldiers  serving in British regiments stationed  in Great Britain, and to naval reservists and others from Canada serving in  the navy, are exempt from customs  duty, provided they are addressed to  the Canadian ; War Contingent -Association at the Army Post Office,  London, Eng. Arrangements have  been made under which this Association will act as a central, organization  for the distribution of such parcels  from Canada. The concession is of  course restricted" to-such parcels'"as  are sent through the War, Contingent  Association. ���������������������������.-....-���������;-..  Safety First  In "Farm and Fireside" is an account of the simple method that  ought to be employed everywhere by  which a farmer saved his property:  "One pail of \yater standing at the  foot of a ladder leading to the haymow saved our barn," we read.  "Lightning struck the barn, killing  two calves, then ran along to the top  of the haymow. My husband grabbed  the pail and ran up the ladder in  time to put out the fire, but if he had  had to wait to draw that water it  would have been too late." So if,full  protection is not possible, don't neglect to keep, a few pails of water  handy.  Canada's Supply of Nickel  Rich   Deposits   in   Cobalt   District   of  Great Value to the  Empire  in Time of War  When the. supply of nickel has become one of the foremost needs of the  Empire it is well to recapitulate the  resources that Canada holds of the  coveted metal.  The total production of matte at  Sudbury, Ont., in 1915 was 67,703 tons,  containing 39,216,165 pounds of copper  and 68,077,823 pounds of nickel, and  valued by the producers'at ������2,070,000.  The tonnage of ore smelted (part being previously roasted) , was 1,272,283.  The production in 1914 was 46,396 tons  of matte, containing 28,896,825 pounds  of copper and 45,517,937 pounds of  nickel, and valued at ������1,438,000.  The reported recovery of nickel  from the ores of the Cobalt district  was 55,325 pounds of metals, and  200,032 pounds of nickel oxide. The  recovery in 1914 was 392,512 pounds  of nickel, oxide.' About 60 per cent,  of the Canadian nickel production-is  exported to the United States, and a  far larger quantity of nickel finds its  way to the United Kingdom through  United States refineries than is exported directly from Canada.  The' Canadian Government have  an agreement from the U. S. smelters  under which there is a practical certainty that none of our nickel goes to  the enemy.'  Horse Prices Upward  Good  Prospects Ahead for the  Horse  Breeder in  Canada  "The demand for horses in Canada,"  said Live Stock Commissioner John  Bright recently, "has already stiffened  considerably and I look forward to a  gradual return to good prices.  'When the panic of 1912 struck us,  as the banks shut down, the horse  breeders were almost the first to feel  it. Consequently' the tendency was  to stop breeding. In 1913, the tendency increased, while 1914 and 1915  were worse; so that there is a dearth  of foals this year, and a decided scarcity of one-year-olds and two-year-  olds. Breeding will come back slowly,  so that it will be al hast four /ears  before the- foals of tnis year come on  the market. This means a ten-year  cycle in horse prices.  "I remember about 1892 when horses  were at a low ebb tnat I was offered  on my farm at Myrtle, but $40 for a  filly rising two years. She was registered, and of fair conformation. I kept  her. Inside of eight years T raised  many colts from her,' and sold at 12  years for $250. Later when horses  were at their big prices I sold a filly  rising two years for $290, not better  than the one I was offered $40 for in  1892.  In good times, a great many breeders are foolish. They hang on to good  stock, ��������� refuse good prices, pay out big  feed bills, and even mortgage their  farms to feed their .stock,, until a  slack period pops up and they find  their business ruined, their farms gone  and. the stock sold at a mere pittance  It is' always good advice to sell when  you get a fair working price, and  horsemen should be well advised to  remember past experiences in future  bright spots.  ' "To me there is nothing but hopefulness' ahead for the farmer who  breeds big quality horses for the coming needs of Canada and the remodelled world."  Parents !  You may rest assured  of one thing, Cowan's Maple  Buds will not harm your children  ������������������ buy them for yourself and  yours.  iSiA-io  If one be troubled with corns and  warts, he will find in Holloway's  Corn Cure an application that will  entirely relieve suffering.  The Saturday Holiday  The beginnings of the Saturday  half-holiday might be traced to an  old-time custom among Southern  planters. "On Saturday's," says Professor Sanford in "The Story of Agriculture," "for either the whole or a  part of the day, the slaves were released from field work. In many cases  they used this time and Sundays in  which to earn money for themselves  by hiring out and doing odd jobs.  There were many instances in which  slaves purchased their freedom and  that of their families with money  earned in this way."  The Memory of the Dead  In several cities in Canada there  are monuments to local heroes who  fell in the South African war and generally a small bronze plate is big  enough to contain the dozen or so  names. The monuments that will rise  when the present great war is ended  will be different in that respect. The  casualty lists in one encounter today  would cover the base of the largest  memorial now standing.  Angry Diner���������Waiter, you are not  fit to serve a pig t Waiter���������I'm doing  my best, sir!���������Pall Mall Gazette.  . Roumania's credit holds firm.  5 per cent loan for $24,000,000  over-subscribed by $16,000,000.  Her  was  Minard's   Liniment   Cures   Diptheria.  Outlook For Heavy Horses  The more judgment exercised in  breeding the better it will be for the  country. For the last year or two  there has been a slump in prices and,  it is feared, less breeding than formerly in consequence. As a result,, when  the increased demand, which transactions, especially in the west, would  indicate has already commenced, arrive at its fullness there will be both  high prices and a marked deficiency  of' the right sort. By this, coupled  with the fact that the wastage of  horses in the war has been enormous,  it would seem worth while to improve  and accelerate horse breeding along  with general agricultural production.���������  Ottawa Bulletin.  Woman Found  . In a Zeppelin  i ��������� *-"���������" ������������������  What a  French Officer Saw in  Burning Wreckage  Among the interesting statements  gathered at Revigny by the correspondent of the "Petit Parisien" regarding  the end of the Zeppelin brought down  in flames by the French is that of an  inhabitant of the region whose evidence suggests that there was a woman on board the airship.  "1 was scarcely more than twenty  yards away among the people crowded  round the burning mass of the monster sky-raider," he said, "when I saw  a French officer, whom I knew, scrutinizing through his fieldglass a particular heap of burning wreckage, the  flames of which lit up the-night. ���������  '���������'He handed me the . glasses, exclaiming, 'Look, there is no mistake,  about it, a woman was with them.'  True enough, I could plainly see  through the glasses two slender feet  shot with high-topped, 'high-heeled  fashionable boots. They were undoubtedly the feet of a woman."  NO MEDICINE AS GOOD  FOR LITTLE ONES  Once a mother has used Baby's Own  Tablets for her little ones she will use  nothing else. The first few doses  make her realize there is nothing to  equal them in making baby well and  keeping him well. Concerning them  Mrs. C. E. Stilwell, Winthrope, Sask.,  writes:���������"I have used Baby's Own Tablets for the past ten .years and have  found them so good ror my little ones  that I always keep a box in the  house." The Tablets are sold by medicine dealers or by' mail at 25 cents a  box from The Dr. Williams Medicine  Co., Brockville, Ont.  Verdun  "It will, however, only be in restros-  pect, when the war is over, that we  can fully appreciate the part played  by the army of Verdun and its contribution to the general result. We  cannot yet be sure of the exact reason, or balance of reasons, for the  German choice. Therer'lwere certainly  dynastic and economic, as well as  military reasons. The many failures  of the German Crown Prince had to  be redeemed, and the idea that a  striking victory here would confirm  and extend Germany's hold upon the  mineral basin of Lorraine, which is  essential to her iron and steel manufacturers, was probably not foreign  to the decision. Among military reasons, probably the strongest was that  France could be given a knock-out  blo'w, whereas another thrust into  Russia would not be decisive,, even  if successful, and any success upon  the British front in France was highly  problematical."���������G. H. Ferris in London Chronicle.  Thf Mosf Comrorrabfft-  FoofweartorSuramcr  WORN  BY ALU  MEMBERS  OFTHE FAMILY  SOLD BY ALL GOOD SHOE DEALERS  mmtmamamuuaasatmmumamM    '  Pulling "BismarcTcs" to Pieces  The latest war auxiliary in Germany is the de-copperising of statues  for the needs of the arsenal. Much  adverse and unprintable comments  have been passed because some corporations have laid violent hands upon Bismarck ''monuments'. Replacing  copper with iron has been taken as  of ill omen. One paper'went as far  as to head an article against the  crime, 'Oh for an hour of Bismarck 1"  No German officer or soldier is  allowed to aid Turkey until he has  enlisted in the Turkish army and  donned the uniform of the Sultan's  hosts. Enver Pasha says he will  listen to advice from the Germans,  but professes to take no commands  from them.  Lake Tanganyika, which has been  frequently mentioned of late in connection with General Smuts' campaign, is 2,700 feet above the sea. It  is about 400 miles long, indented by  capes so that steamers take three  days to get from one end of the 400  miles to the other. .  Customer (in "barber's chair)���������So you  haven't heard Von Thumper, the  famous" pianist? Barber���������No. Them  long-haired fellers never patronize me  ���������why should I patronize them?���������Musical America  Ideal  Silver  Cream  It -Brill clean.mott  silverware in 'lert  time, with-lcaa es>  pease, than any  other preparation  made. "Ideal" it**  not an electro-plat-  inz preparation|  removes nothing  but the dirt, leaf-  ins tbe eilverwnra  like new. - 'Put ny  "in'eight,and eidK  teen-ounce bottles,  packed three doses'  in case.    -.    >   _   '  At All Jewellen  XL  Bool   EtftDzav   BlxaolatloB  ISOLD WATCH FREE.!  A tbnVkttormri sansroaa  offer from u> ertabMehud  firm. Wo aro erring away  Watebea to tboaeande- of  people ������11 oyer tho  -world u u ban  adrertiaouu-Dt. "Now  Is 7oar ehanee, to  obtain one. Write  now, onelosiar' *"���������  oonts for one of oar  fuhlonalile Lodiaa'  Long Qnardn. or  GenW Alberta, sent  carriage KB to wear  with tho natch, which  will be sItmi Free'  (these xratohes are  ���������oarontecd uto yean),  should yoq take ad-  Yoat&re of oar jnarvol-  feai offer. W������ expoK TOO to toll roar trlend*  Swat v* *������4 ������4������-������ "���������*���������**������������������������-- ***��������� i**������txd^.7ti������i  DotT-I think tail offer too good to be trao. bat eond  aSF cants   to-day   and   Rain   a   Tree   Watoh.     You  "roieuors CDept. "*). 88. Cornwall"* Hoad. London. M.,  rflnr*"*"'*-  Heligoland Germany's  Bulwark  A movement has been organized in  Germany for erecting a monument in  honor  of   Count   Caprivi,   the   second  Imperial Chancellor, on the island of  Heligoland. It was during that statesman's rule  in the   affairs  of the  nation  that Lord  Salisbury  ceded    the  island    in    exchange    for    Zanzibar.  Speaking the other day in the Keich-  stag,  Herr  Waldsteirr,  a Radical  Deputy, said:���������"We have all  been  asking  ourselves   with   a  certain   feeling���������  of horror what would have happened^  if Heligoland had  still been today &"'-  British   fortress.       With   the   deepest  feeling of gratitude we must remember  .today the man who by the Treaty of"!  Zanzibar made the island the mighti-.  est bulwark  of our- German  coasts."  Furniture Storage Famine .  Problems   in  Great  Britain   are  an s  thick   as  Scotch  thistles  on  a   bleak '  farm, owing to the war.    One of the  minor    problems   is   the     storage   of  furniture. -   Since   Conscription     was  passed and married men have begun  to, prepare for service, thousands have  had their furniture stored.   Now there  are  no   depostories   for  storage,    and '  as everybody is. busy with  work that'  is  more   important   many   people   are  experiencing unexpected hardships  "Such a vicious temper! Where did  the child ever get it from���������not from  me, I'm sure," grumbled Mrs. Perkins. ���������..-'.  "No my dear," replied Mr. Perkins,  sadly, "you certainly haven't lost any  of yours."  The Worst is Yet to Come  "Hell let loose," says Vorwearts, the  organ of German socialism in describing the food riots in Berlin. It  may be exaggeration. Even if true,  however, it is nothing compared with  what, is going to "break loose" when  the still deluded German people come  to fully realize the extent of the crime  committed against them by Prussian  Junkerism.���������New York Herald.  The old gentleman's wife was gjt-  ting into a carriage, and he neglected  t-. assist her. "You are not so gailai.t,  John, as when I was a gal," she exclaimed, in gentle rebuke. ''No," wns  his ready response, "and you are not  so buoyant as when I was a boy."  Tea   in   Burma  Most of the tea raised in Burma is  pickled and eaten as a condiment.  and Specks before the Eyes  Liver derangement is the cause behind these distressing con-  ditrons, and only restoration of perfect natural action can effect  lasting cure. That is why Dr. Cassell's Instant Relief is so  immeasurably superior to the old-fashioned cathartic 1-iver-  pills arrd aperient salts. Such things can only grvo passing  relief by forcing the liver to unnatural action, and have to  be continued. Dr. Cassell's Instant Relief strengthens the  liver, and so brings about natural action in a natural manner.  Take Dr. Cassell's Instant Relief for constipation, biliousness, torpid  liver, sick headache, dizziness, specks before the eyes, flatulence and  windy spasms, acidity, heartburn, impure blood, and that dull, heavy  feeling which is a sure indication of liver trouble.  Ask for Dr. Cassell's Instant Relief and take no sub'tituie.  Price 50 cents, from al! Druggists and Storekeepers,  or direct from the Sole Agt-nts for Canada, Harold P. Kitciio and Co.,  Ltd.. 10, McCa-ul-fltroet, Toronto.   War Tax 2 cents extra.  Dr. Cassoll's Instant Relief is the oompanion to Dr. Cassell's Tablets.  Sole Proprietors: Dr. Cassell's Co., Ltd., Mancliester, England.  Dr. Cassell's ^Sfi!  Over 300 women are acting as sta-1  tion masters in France.  W.     N.      U.      >I13  tw������  :i(,,-v ���������^���������;'-^i^;-Sir^'������'fe'rJ,i'c:s',;''  oarc*-*'-r?,     C A R l* IN at r v e s.  s  ���������������������������'���������'.���������";'��������� -  - 'P  ;-*-i  *A'&% ������,_-._J/.*^."������*--^������������^^  iiig-tvg^-ra-iam-ga-tM  THE     GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.  If.  li?'  I *  hi  I  "The Bier Store"  General  Merchants  KEREMEOS, B.C.  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of ail  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing lana, Cook-  , ing and all  kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremeos, B.C.  Cbe Hjalfcy gazette  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year  ...... $2.00  "   (United States I....'.........  2.50  Advertising Rates  "Measurement, l'i lines to the inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  incli, ������1.25 for one insertion, 25 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over one inch,  12 cents per- line for- first insertion and 8  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  ������1.25; over 1 inch and up to 4 inches, $1.00  per inch per month. To constant advertisers  taking larger space than four inches, on  application, rates will be given of reduced  charges, based on size of space and length  of time.  Certificate of Improvements,......' ������10.00  (Where more than one claim appears  in notice, $2.50 for .each additional  claim.)  Jas. W. Grieb. Publisher*.  when revolving 80-r.p.m. Hither  tank will handle slime charges  with any proportion of solution  used in ordinary cyanide v.-:rk,  and the power does not exceed  that stated. There is no deposit of slimes alongside the  staves, the whole charge being  in rapid motion.  As extraction is effected by a  series of agitations and decan-  tations, one might expect  trouble in starting. Thus far.  none whatever has occurred,  even after two days' time between agitations. With the  throwing in of the handle of  the motor starter, the propeller  begins setting the charge iii motion, and by the time the tank  is full all slime is moving rapidly  The cost of these propellers is  said to be less than half of any  other agitators going into new  as well as remodeled plants.  The system is dependent upon  power from one source only���������  air is hot needed. Its sympli-  city and. adaptability permit it  to be installed in plants containing tanks of any style, height'  or diameter.���������Roscoe Wheeler  in Engineering and' Mining  Journal, New York.  Ed. Hossack....'....  A. W. Hnrper......  J. Gaaie............  J. Jamieson   XV.  Knowles.   W.;W. McDougall.  3,50  3.50  3.50  -1.00  5.00  3.50  J. Donnelly ......   ............. 3.75  T. L. Terry. ,,.'.,. 3.50  Leo Brown;.....  3.50  G: E. McOlur-e;................. 3.50  D. Curry..'.......'...,....;...;.. 3.50  XV. Robertson.................. 3.75  Jos. Wlryte.'..."................'. 3.50  F. Decavio..  3.50  A. Sandber g............'......... 3.50  D. Henderson.....   3.50  R. Anderson.  ... 4.00  A. Appleton..   3.50  A.Ross........  3.50  N. Stechishin...'.,  3.50  D. Sweeney....!,..'..' '.  3.50  G.R. Allen...  ....... 4.50  T. Bysouth..''................... 4.25  MONTHLY REPORT  Hedley, B. C. July 27, 1916.     ",  "He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me."  Propeller  Slimes Agitator.  The installation of the Dev'e-  reux propeller system of agitation, mentioned in the Journal  of May 6, 1916, has been successfully continued at the plant  of the Hedley Gold Mining Co.  The efficiency of the propeller  for agitation purposes depends  largely on the fineness of the  slimes and the breaking of the  vortex formed around the vertical shaft. This vortex, if allowed to exist, retai*ds the velocity of the pulp, thus decreasing the scouring action.  The vortex is broken by baffle,  boards 2 in. thick by 12 in. deep  suspended from the lower chord  of the truss and extending from  a few inches from each side of  the vertical shaft to within 3  in. of the inner side of the tank.  To allow agitation while the  tank is filling and to prevent  the pulp from surging, another  baffle board is suspended by  hinges from one of the former  baffle boards and on one side  only of the vertical shaft. The  rope holding this baffle in vertical position while tank is filling  is slackened as soon as the tank  is full, thus allowing this baffle  to lie flat on the surface of the  charge and not interfere with  the scouring action below.  From Trautwine, page 557, a  velocity of \ ft. per second will  wear away ooze and "mud; h ft.  per second will wear away clay;  1 ft. per second will wear away  sand. j  With the 5-ft. propeller revolving from 80 to 100 r. p.m.,  maximum hp., 12, the 34-ft. diameter, conical-bottomed tank  has handled from 80 to 165 tons  ���������of dry slimes. Then 138 tons  of dry slimes plus 296 tons of  of solution, or 31.8 per cent of  solids to 68.2 per cent of solution, is an ordinary charge and  is agited thoroughly with 80 r.  p. m. maximum Irp.���������10, in the  30-ft.fdiameter conical-bottomed  tank will handle 168 dry tons of  slimea   (41A  per  cent.) plus 238  Hedley Patriotic Fund Committee  The Hedley Patriotic Funds  committee submit the following  report covering collections made  for the month of June.   If your  * ���������**...  name does not appear your  subscription has not been received during the month. In  some cases subscriptions are  paid in advance and have previously been acknowledged. If  you are in arrears please hand,  your subscription to theTreas-;  urer. Collections made as, per  list, month of June, $9-45.70. Of  this amount $153.85 was subscribed for the Hedley Enlisted  Men's Fund. The balance,  $791.85, was subscribed for the  Canadian Patriotic Fund.  Following    will    show     the  amounts remitted  to the Canadian Patriotic Fund:  October, 1914.1... $1001 75  January, 1916.....      597 00  February, 1916....      772 00   '  March, 1916.......      752 75  April, 1916       747 50  May, 1916       747 95  June, 1936..:.....      791 85  L. Basso    .......     4.25  4.25        4.25  E. Berg .......,,         4.25  J. Ooulthiir-d....'.:          4.75  J. Casey.          4.75  4.00  J. Dragoes. ............  .......      4.25  Joe DeGr-oe.    '..      3.75  ,0. Franzen..............  .......      3.75  J. Grieve. ."..         4.25  J. Galitzky..'... . .'��������� ���������.  .......      3.75  M.Gillis ..,..<!......  .......      4.25  H. Gi-enqriist....; ...  .......      4.25  it. Hambly   .......      4.25  J. A. Holland....   .......      5.00  .......      4.25  W. Hambly.............  ......'.      5.00  J. Hossack....'.'.:....'...  .......      3.75  .......      4.25  .......      5.00  .......      3.75  C. G. Johnson   (......     4.25  L. Johns... I*...;.-'..'.         4.25  O. Lindgren.............  .......   ,3.75  L. S. Morrison..........  .......  '5.75  Ii; H. Messitiger...   .......      4.25  W. Mitchell   .......      1.85  G. Malm ........... .  . ..      3.75  J.,Mar-tin....          4.25  .......      4.75  K. O. Peter-son   ......      5.00  G. Pr-ideanx.............       10.00  R. Pom tt......'    ......      4.25  Fred Pear-ce   ......      3.75  D. Rankin..   .          2.00  A. Rawnsley.  ......,...  ......     4.25  B. Rescors..���������'.'   ......     4.25  Geo. Ransom............  ......     4.25  W. Ray.   :...........   4.00  0. Rause.,....'.".  ........... .'.���������  J. Roden:...........   J. Snell.....   Ole Screenes   XV. J. Stewart   S, Swanson   Swan Ssveedling      C. A. Selquist.   Bob Stillirn.   $5410 80 ���������  C. P. Dallon,  Sec.-Treas.  We  hereby  certify  that ��������� we  have examined  the  books and  accounts of the Hedley Patriotic  Funds  Committee and find the  above statement to be  correct.  H. D. Barnes   1 A���������,q-frt,  F. M. GiLLESPiE/-aucmoj's'  PAYROLL DEDUCTIONS, JUNE, 1916.  W. Sampson $ 3.50  M. L. Gezon .'*.'      5.00  Friend,..'.      8.00  B. W. Knowles      4.50  "Wm. Lonsdale.'     10.00  C. E. Prior      5.00  ........:.. 4.75    2.75    4.25  .......... 5.00    5.75    4.25  ....    3.75  ........... 3.75    4.25  Casper- Steen  3.75    3.5    4.25    1.00    4.75    3.75    4.00    2.00  WVW. Savage.   J. Thomas   A.  Tnddis   A. W. Vance   J. Williamson   F. Williams   D. Werry.......   Fk. Wyberg      3,75  F C Chapman.. -.      3.75  Clan  A,  S.  G. E. French..  John Smith...  P. Murray   G. M. Gilbert..  P. G. Wright..  0. A. Brown...  V. Zackerson..  H, E. Hanson.    4.50  L. Smith  4.00    3.50    4.50    COO    5.00    4.00    4.00    4.00    4.00  W. Mathew       4.00  R. S. Collin  5.00  J. W. Wirth  4.50  W. W. Corrigan  4.50  L. C. Rolls  3.75  R.Boyd  3.75  P. MilleU  3.75  [ H. F. Jones '  5.00  T. C. Por-teous  4.50  G. VV. Wir-tanen  4,50  S. C. Knowles  4.00  E. H. Simpson  4.00  T. Henderson  4.00  H. T. Rainbow  4.50  G. Knowles....'.  5.00  G. Stevens  4.75  T. R. Willey '  4.00  J. G. Webster  5,00  R. Clare   J. Hardman..,  T. E. Bur-r-us.,  M. McLeod...  Geo. Walker-..  R. L. Jones...  A. F. Loonier-,  A. J. King   A. Benin   tons of  solution  Bow Kee Laundry  Only First Class Work  (58.2 per cent) 1 f. Bentiey.A     3.501 Laundry Delivered Anywhere  4.00  4.00  4.00  4.50  3.75  4.00  3.75  4.00  4.00  F Carlson    S Dogadin ���������;  CE'Ericson   Claris Ericson:   W. T. Grieves.   G. Southain.   A. Nyborg .-.   W. Sutherland   W. Trezona...-...' .'....   HEDLEY���������TOWN LIST.  W. J. Coruiack   J. K, Fraser*.   G. P. Jones    John Beale   G. A. Riddle   H. D. Barnes   C. P. Dalton...   A. T. Hoi-swell   F, M. Gillespie   A. Winklei"   J. Jackson    T. H. Rotherharn   W,T. Butler....   C. Barnaul   Miss McKinnon   G. McEirchren   Miss Roche   J. D. Brass   R. J. Edinond   F. H. French   W. A. McLean ,.  Jus. Stewar-t   Miss L. Beale   MissK. C. Halliday    ..'...;..,  Miss Ida Tompkins   John Mairhofer-   MissE. Clare   James Chu-ke   James Critchley .' ���������  The Daly Reduction Co   R. J. Corrigan   S. E. Hamilton   B. Rolls   H. Rose   Rev. R. Williams   A. J. McGibbon   Geo. Lyon ,   Geo Shelder-   4.25  3. To  4.25  3.75  4.25  3.75  3.75  4.25  4.25  $  3.50  5.00  20.00  3.00  3.00  5.00  4.50  3.00  10.00  5.00  5.00  5.00  3.00  1.00  4.00  5.00  2.00  5.00  3.00  5.00  5.00  2,00  1.00  2,00  3,50  5,00  2,00  2.50  1,00  200.00  4.00  10.00  5.00  5.00  1.00  2.50  10.00  10.00  T/-VKE  N-Ka  f or stomacli  and Bowel Trouble  fledleu Druo & Book Store  Hedley, B. C  No man is  ever  only thinks so.  undone���������he  Hedley *s Contingent  Following is the'list of the men who  have gone to the   front   from Hedley.  The   Gazette   publishes   them  in   the  hope that our-readers will  not   fail to  remember- these brave fellows who are  fighting   our   battles   for   us.    Write  them a letter- occasionally   to let them  know  you   are   keeping "The   Home  Fires     Burning.'   Addresses    gladly  furnished on request.  Pte.SidEdwards (Killed in Action)  L. C, Blair Mills (Killed in. Action)  Pte. W. Fullmer  "   J. Stapleton  "   J. Frame  "   Tom Corrigan  "   Ehenzt-r- "V;..iis"' (Dii-d in Hospital)  "   Roy Corrigan  "   N. B. Ewar-L  ..-'._"���������"   Bobby Robertson  "   Jack Howe  "   Dan De vane  "   Dan Dollemore.  ���������   "   J. T. N. Hepper*  "   Arthur Coles  "   Bert Schubert  Corp.    Frank Dollemore  "   M. J. Melior, (Yorkie)  L.-Corp. T. C. Knowles  Pte. Rod McDougall  "   R. James  "   M. H. L. Jacombs  "   E. J. Rotherham  "   Arthur Freeman  .���������'���������'.   C. Christiana  "   J. Corrigan,  Gunner- Chas. Saunders  Pfcc. A. P. Martin  Sergeant A. W. Jack  '������������������ Pte; T. Calvert  "   W. Liddicott  *   "   George Boxall  "   W. Tucker*  "   Fred Beck  2nd Lieut. A. E. Denman  Pte. J. McClintock  "   A. B. S. Stanley ;  "   Homer McLean.  Pioneer Nick Piekard.  Pte J M Donovan.  Pte Wm Burroughs.  HEDLEY GAZETTE  JOB DEPARTMENT  WHEN YOU ARE IN NEED OF-  F  ln$leweed  Supply Store  General  Merchandise  KEREMEOS CENTER.  Letterheads  Billheads  Envelopes ���������  Statements  Meal Tickets  Milk. Tickets  Ball Programs  Posters  Dodgers, Dates  Circulars  Invitations  Business Cards  Bills of Fare  Memo Heads  Butter Wrappers  Yisiting Cards  TRY US -WE GIVE SATISFACTION  SIMILKAMEEN LAND DISTRICT.  Take Notice that Richard L. Caws  ton, the younger, of Keremeos, cattle  rancher, intends to apply for permission to lease the following described  lands: Commencing at a post planted  one mile north of the north-east angle  of Lot 2030*!; thence, north 80 chains-;  thence west 40 chains; thence south  80 chains; thence east 40 chains containing tliree hundred and twenty  acres. RICHARD L. CAWSTON, Jr.  Dated July 10th 1916  SIMILKAMEEN LAND DISTRICT..  New York city alone has 33,-  000 female stenographers.  Take Notice that Hepry A. Barcelo  of Keremeos, cattle rancher, intends  to apply for- permission to lease the  following described lands:���������Commenc-r  ing at a post planted ab the south-east  angle of L������fc 14(50s; thence soijth 40.  chains; thence Bast 80 chiiins; thence,  north 40 chains; thence west 80nliain,s  to the point of commencement, and  containing three hundred and twenty  acres. HENRY A. BARCELO,  Dated July 5th, 1916,  Dates of Fall Fairs  The department of agriculture has  issued the following fall fair dates for  season 1916:  . ciitcuiT 3  Chilliwack  Sept.   13-15  Alder-grove....... ........ .Sept. 15  Matsqui..       ...... Sept  16  Langley. ...Sept 19  Richmond...... .'���������;.......... .-.".Sept 19  Richmond Sept 20  Burqnitlam ..    ..   '. ...Sept 21  CIRCUIT 4  Barriere .Sept 13  Hefiey Creek     ... Sept 14 15  Pritchard !......... .S.ept   19  Kamloops. Sept 20 22  Salmon A.rrn '.....' Sept 22-23  Kelowna. Sept 26-26  Arm strong   Sept 28-2  Eagle River (Malakwa)  .Oet 3  CIRCUIT 5  Gateway Scpt5  Ci-anbr-ook Sept 6-7  Windermere.  -Sept 12-13  Golden < .', Sept 15  Fruitvale Sept 18  Trail  Sept 19-20  Nelson 20 22  Boswell.. \ . .Sept 22  Grand Forks Sept 25-26  Greenwood Sept 27  CJHCUIT 6  Revelstoke...; Sept 21 22  Rolison     Sept 25  Sloean City  : Sept 26  New Denver Sept 27-28  Burton Sept 30  Needles  Oct 3-4  Arrow Luke (Nakusp). Oct 4 5  Cicston Oct 7  CIKCUIT 7  Nicola..  Oct 6  Penticton Oct 9-10  Summei-lM,nil........!..  .Oct 11-12  Kajamalka 'Oyariia)  .Oct 14  Tlie Nickel Plate  Barker ������liop  SflTISFfl<kORX, SANITARY  -^ TONSORliU SERVICE  This shop'-it equipped with  Baths and all the latest  Electrical  Appliances.  W.T. BUTLER, - Prop.  uumm-niH  MMIHl���������M  J. BEftLE  PAINTING -  PflPER-flflNGING  KflLSOMINING  TERMS MODERATE  /  DALY AVE.   -   -   HEDLEY, B.C.  "IKU^WMW  60   YEARS  EXPERIENCE  O. A. Thompson       3.50  SIMILKAMEEN LAND DISTRICT.  Take Notice that Henry A, Barcelo  of Keremeos, cattle rancher, intends  to apply for permission to lease the  following described lands: Commencing at a post planted at tbe nertheast  angle of Lot 2036s, thence north 80  chains; thence west 80 chains; thence  south 80 chains; thence east 80 chains  to,point of commencement and containing 640 acres.  Dated July 10th. J916.  HENRY A. BARCELO.  TpAPE MARK?  Designs  Copyrights &c  Anyone Bending a sketch and description ma;  'luloltly ascertain our opinion frqe wliotlior an  Invention In P"otjably piitontablo. Conimonlca-  tions strictly oonHdential. HANDBOOK on Patento  sent froQ. oldest agency fordpourlngpatenU.  Patents talton ttiroimh Jlunn k 0n. racei���������  tpeclalnotice, without clinrae, inth������  cietttific Ji.iter.-m  A handsomely llliiBtrnled weekly.  oulaf        "    7ear  dilation of any soleiitlUo journal. .  T_ _  four months, -JL "old by all newsdealers.  I.nrjest clr-  Tortns, S3 u  m  Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations  nOAL mining rights of the Dominion, ir  ^ Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,'  the Yukon Tori-itor-y, the North-west Territories nnd in a portion of tho Province of British Columbia, mny bo leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an' annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not moi-p than 2.560 acres wi be leaded  to ono applicant. '          ' ���������'  "  Application for a lease must bo made by the  applicant in person to tho Agent or Sub-Agent  of the district in whioli tlio lights' applied foi-  are situated. ..<-..,.  In surveyed territory the land must he described by scctlops, or legal sub-divisions' of  sections, and in uham-voyed territory the tract  applied for'shall bo stixked out ���������' the applicant  himsp'f.  rr  Each application musf be ace  fee of ������5 -.vhioh ���������'" *'  applied fpr app   ...  w-i.sc. A royalty shnU hp (mid "'n the me'rohaBt  able output of the inliip at the rate of Ave cont*  per top,  [.-aWoii rousf be accompanied by  icli Avill be i-criindpd if tlio" rights  irp pot available, but not other  I ho person operating tho mine shall furnish  the Agent with Hworn rotums accounting for  the full quantity of nieroliuntablo mined  and pay Wio royalty theroon,   I        ooal mining rights are not bulng oporatod su    returns  IWUNN&Co.36,Bf"d^ New York  Branch offlcr, 6% n* St, waslilii^toD. D. C.  '1 ho loaso will luolude tho coal raining rights  only, but tho lessees may bo permitted to purchase whatever available surfaco rights may  be considered necosmiry for tbe working of tho  mine at the rate of $10.00 an aero  For full information application Rhould be  made to tho Secretary of the Denartrnont of  -tho Interior. Ottawa, oi- n any Agent or Sub-  Agent of Dominion lands.  W, "VV. CORY,  Deputy Minister ol tho Interior.  N.B.-Uniiiithorizod publicati  1 tisoment will not bo paid for. '  this advo  0 6m  sss������s


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