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The Hedley Gazette Jul 19, 1917

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Array |-.������ ' .",   -���������     --'-   - *     -���������"*-  .   ','-  ���������; :    ���������';."���������-��������� ,    ���������;      '     .'    .-    ' -,      '*'���������-       '*    **'  ..-c    .   ' . ' - -.- ;     ',-- , -  -*      ���������  ' ���������"     -Librarian       .*- ,.*',    1  -"-"  Legislative A-wembljr   mar l������Jv  D .  Volume XIII.      Number 26.  HEDLEY, B. C, THURSDAY, JULY 19,  1917.  $2.00, In Advance  i1*- *,  r<3  r  fx ,  ������*  for>'  JmS.GLMKE  \A7 ea t c h m era. J-c. & r  n-eD*L.-e*v, b  Clocks and Watches for Sale. "  Travel by Auto.,  Gall up Phone No. 12  li \  ii..  11 *'���������  IT A  good stock of Horses and Rigs on  Sand.    If Orders for Teaming  ��������� promptly attended to. _,  WOOD   FOR   SALE!  :        PALA6E  biveru,feed���������&,Sale Stables  Phone 12.  HEDLEY   B. C.  D. J. fNNlS  Proprietor  <*.  / :  N. TlIOMPS   N PHONE SBVMOUR 5913  MGR. AVKSTKRN CANADA  Cammell Laird & Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturers   "  Sheffield, Eng.  Offices and Warehouse, 847-G3 Beatty Street  '  Vancouver, B. C.   -  R. F������. BROW/N  British Columbia Land Surveyor.  Tel. No. 27  .PENTICTON,  P. 0. Dkawbk KKI -  *-,     -       B. C  I - -  t  /  P. W. GREGORY  CIVIL  ENGINEER jind BRITISH  -  COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building       - ,     Princeton  vv  WALTER CLAYTON *      C.   K. -.fclASKINR  GLflYTON & MSKFNS  Barristers, .Solicitors"' Ei c.  *-  - ���������*-*-. JZ      "*-  -**    "   y. ilONKY TO LOjVN  PENTICTON, /     -  B. C.  DR. J. L. MASTERS  DENTIST.  OFFICE IN COVERT BLOCK^  Oroville,  Wash-  v  *-*fra*-&terafe������������ra-raraMfe'afettra"rfa&  x  Grand Union g  X  X  X  X  {   KEREMEOS ITEMS,   i  Mr. Clayton and Rev: Mr. Millar of Penticton wore in town  on Monday. - <  Mrs. Kirby and family motored to Princeton on Sunday  and spent the day,  Mr. W. M. Fiith of Princeton  was in town on the 12th renew  ing old acquaintances.  Master"'Frank Innis is visiting his auntie, Mrs. W. J". Forbes  of Hedley, for the week  A* good many Hedleyites and  Princetonians attended the celebration here on the 12th.    -  Mr. and Mrs. Joe Armstrong  of Chopaka and. Miss Jones of  Night Hawk attended ^the picnic on Thursday.  Mr. Gad bury and wife and  Mr. Allen and Wile of Loomis,  Wash., attended the dance held  hero Thursday night.  Mr. Gibson and daughter,  Miss Eva, went to Oroville on  Tuesday, where Miss Gibson underwent an operation.,' -  Mr. and Mrs: Smith, Miss  Smith, and Mr. Burnie spent  Saturday- and Sunday by the  Ashnola on a fishing trip. _  Mr. and Mrs. Young of Princeton motored - to Oroville on  Wednesday, returning they  spent a few hours in Keremeos.  Mcsdames, Gibson, Innis and  Carle and the Misses Eva Gibson and Betty -ftichter were  visitors to "Oroville between  trains on Saturday.  Mr. Dinning of the Bank of  Commerco, Kelowna," and Mr.  B. Hoy, government fruit inspector, motored over in Mr.  Hoy's car on Thuisday. and attended the pichic'undMahce.v  arrangement of.the committees  for the j flower shpw was postponed tin til tho August meeting when a good attendance is  requested.. The business of the  meeting consisted chiefly of the  place and time to *hold the convention .and' the discussion of  the school trustee. Miss Flo  Daly gave a'demonstration-of  fruit salads, after-which delicious refreshments/ were served  by the hostess.     ,-     .. ,  V       ' <  The Orange picnic held in the  Park on Thursday, 'July 12th,  was very well attended and  beautiful ' weather prevailed  during the -whole' day, .which  was very much -welcomed by  the Orangemen. As-a rule, the  past four, or'five years they  have had a steady" downpour of  rain, therefore they swere well  pleased, with such beautiful  weather. Refreshments were  sold and a few a/ldresses were'  made" by different members of  the lodge. Some 'good prizes  were given for the races. The  afternoon programme broke up  at 6 o'clock,- everybody being  Avell pleased with the day's outing. The dance- held in tho  town hall in the* evening \\rfis  very well 'attended, good music  being provided and an excellent  supper served at 'Mrs. Keeler's.  The  great.  cost would not be very  Water for irrigation  purposes at Keremeos is taken  from Ashnola and Keremeos  creeks,,, Not one-third of the  water coming down Ashnola  creek is being used by the Similkameen Land company's system. If a dam were built a  "sufficient quantity of water  could be stored to irrigate a  large area.  There is land iu reserve that  is not now and never will be  cultivated by the Indians. This  should be surveyed into small  plots and sold at reasonable  pirces to settlers and an irrigation system put in by the government.  We are  glad  Hotel  HEDLEY,  British Columbia  y  ���������  Rates���������$i.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  of Liquor and Cigars  A.   WINKLER,     Proprietor,  ���������w������wn������������^^'n������t^������������*������'-*in^^%nt?^������!-*xtf*  n  hedle  MARME  All kinds of fresh and  cured meats always on  hand. Fresh Fish on  sale   every   Thursday.  &e  R. J. EDMOND, Prop.  GREAT  NORTHERN  HOTEL  HEDLEY B.C.  Bar and Table the Best.   Rates Moderate  First Class Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor.  to say that the  twin babies of Mr. and Mrs. D.  J. Innis are improving slowly  at the OroA'ille hospital. Mrs.  Innis returned home em Tuesday's train, leaving the babies  under the care of Dr. Lewis.  Mr.Prescott, principal of the  school here for tlie past two-  years, left on Saturday's -train  for the coast where he will join  his wife and family. His many  friends hated to see him leave  the valley, as he was well liked  by pupils and parents.  The annual school - meeting  was held Saturday morning-in  the town hall at 10. Voting  ing continued until 4 p, m. for.  the new trustee. Mr. Gibson  was secretary, and Mr. G. B.  Clarke was elected by a majority of three votes over fhe  candidate of the Women's Institute.  We are sorry to hear that  Mac Clarke, eldest son of Mrs.  R. C. Clarke,- was thrown from  the rig the other day and quite  badly hurt. The horse took  fright, dragging him some distance, cutting a bad wound in  the head and bruising him.on  the back and shoulders. We  hope for his speedy recovery,  as since his father enlisted he  has had . charge of the ranch,  and during the haying and fruit  season it will require his constant attention.  The monthly meeting of the  Similkameen Women's Institute Avas held on the lawn at  the home of Mr. Harrison.  Owing to the picnic there was  a very  small  attendance.    The  Simllkameeir Valley.  A local-business* man told us  a short time ago^ that the Similkameen valley, be';tAVoen Princeton and the international boundary line, was capable agriculturally of supporting one hund-  thousand people. This'we then  believed to be an optimistic  view of the agricultural and  horticultural resources of the  valley.  Thursday of last week while  in.Kcrerneps wo h������d an "opportunity of seeing' "what could be  done by people who" know how  and are willing to farm. Mr.  Harry Tidy kindly drove Mr. O.  Carle and the editor in his auto  through one of the garden spots  of Canada. For over an hour  we were driven past orchards,  fields of vegetables and alfalfa,  beautiful residences and well-  kept lawns.  In the immediate vicinity of  Keremeos there are about three  hundred acres in orchai'd���������apples, pears, peaches, apricots,  and cherries. The yield will be  smaller this year but of better  quality than last year.  OAving- to a new cannery being built, and now nearing  completion, a larger acreage  acreage hah been planted this  year in tomatoes than previously, about 135 acres. The  cannery will have a capacity of  about ninety tons a month.  About 200 acres is planted in  other vegetables, and about  one thousand acres is devoted  to timothy and alfalfa; two  crops of the latter is grown annually.  The cultivated area around  Keremeos shows what can be  done with the soil in the Similkameen valley. All it requires  is writer and work. On one side  of a wire fence is a "garden, on  the "other sago-brush. There  are thousands of acres of land  now lying idle. that.with'a gov-  verniiient irrigation system  could be made to equal any  other portion of Canada, acre  for acre in the value of its products. The water of the river  is going to Avaste. All it jneeds  is a dam higher up the river  and  distributed  over the hind.  Hedley Roll of Honor.  DIED   IN TT1E SERVICE.  Pte. J. N. Edwards.  Pte. Ebenezer W. Vans.  L-Corp Blair Mills  Pte. Arthur Coles, M. C.  Pte. J.-Frame.  Pte. A. P. Martin.  Pte. Rod McDougall.  Pte. Bobby Robertson.  '  Pte. B. A. Schubert.  Corp. W. H. Henderson.  - AT  TILE  FRONT.  Lieut. Wm. Tucker, M. C.  ���������* Lieut. T. C. Knowles, M. C.  Lieut. A. W. Jack.  Lient. A. E. Denman.  Corp. Roy Corrigan.  Pte. Jack Coirigan.  Pte. Bob Corrigan.  Pte. W. Fulmer.  Pte. J. Howe.  Pte."J. Stapleton.  JL-Corp. C. Christianna.  Pte. .1. A. Dolleniore.  Pte. Dan Dollemore.  Pte. Arthur Freeman.  Sergt. M. H. L. Jacombs.  Driver C Saunders.  Pte. T. Calvert.  Driver Homer McLean.  Pto. Wm'. McAlpine.  Pte. N. Pickard.  ;..  Pte. A. B. S. Stanley.  Pte. W. R. Burrows.  Pte. .1. Casey.  L-Corp. W. R. Reseorl.  Pte. R. Clare.  Pte. Leo Brown.  Pte. J. Stapleton.  Pte. G. Boxall.  Pte. Fred Beck.  Pte. J. Ritchie.  Pte. J. McClintock.  Pto. J. T. N. Hepper.  INVALIDED   IIOM IS.  Corp. M. J. Mcher.  Pte, W. Liddicoat.  Pte. Tom Corrigan.  NEILSON'S. the Chocolates that are different.  In Bulk and Boxes.  NELSON'S  LUXURY   TOFEE,   a   delicious  confection.    This is worth trying.  Ice Cream, Sodas, Cones, Buttermilk.  TV  Sligo Evicted.  General Arthur Currie was  born in the village of Napper-  ton, Ontario, of Irish parentage,  his father coming to, Canada  from Ireland in 1S.J0. and his  mother coming from the County  Sligo. This information explains much that Constable  O'Connell and the Chronicle  could not understand before.���������  Ladysmith Chronicle.  Death of M. K. Rodgers.  M.K. Rodger*-., the well-known  mining man, died in Pittsburg,  Penn., oh the 5th inst. He had  been ill for some time.  Mr. Rodgers 'was one of the  promoters of the Nickel Plate  and was also interested in the  mines at Anyox.  coining  Local fishermen are  home daily through the least  frequented streets just loaded  down with beauties all the way  from 12 to 36 inches long. Some  of the fishei-men are less truthful than others.  The annual school .meeting  was held Saturday last with W.  A. McLean as chairman. The  annual report of the trustees  Was read and approved. An  appropriation of $2000 for school  purposes was voted. S. L.  Smith was reelected trustee  and F. M. Gillespie auditor.  Bethman Hollweg says "he is  sure Germany will win if she  can hold out."' After having  given the matter most careful  and  serious   consideration,  we  ha\-*e  been  forcod  to the same  conclusion.���������B. C.Federationist.. is the paramount issue.  A. J. and Mrs. King left Mon-  on a visit to the coast.  Grant Knowles left Monday  last for a visit to the coast.  The thermometer registered  98 in the shade Monday and  Tuesday.  Miss Beale returned last week  from Oroville much 'improved  iu~ health.  Mrs. R. Boyd, who was operated on at the Oroville hospital  about ten days ago, is .recovering rapidly.  Jas. Stewart starts advertising in this issue. He wants to  sell for cash with the lowest  possible profits.  Thos. Roderick of Phoenix  was in town yestei-day. He is  doing assessment work on some  claims on the hill.  A. G. and Mrs. Robertson arrived from Detroit this week  and will reside here. They have  taken the Arnott residence.  F. C. Buck!ess ��������� and family  of Greenwood passed through  town_ Sunday on their way to  Princeton where they will  make their home.  -T. - J. Griffin came in this  morning with some nice specimens , of copper ore from his  claims on -Cedar creek. He is  in about se\ren feet on the lead.  Quite a number left the mine  this week for the coast, some  on a visit, others for a "time,"  and' yet others to get a closer  view of the distant hills. They  will all come back.  Corpl. Roy Corrigan, who was  wounded on the 9th June, is  back in the trenches. His father  rpceivedra" letter from him this  week stating that he had fully  recovered and was again iii the  mix-up.  At last meeting of the Red  Cross those present decided not  to serve tea during the hot  weather. There is plenty to  scav and the meetings will be -  carried on as usual. Everybody  welcome from 2:30 to 5 each  Thursday afternoon.  Dr. MacLean. provincial secretary and minister of education, was in town for a couple  of hours Saturday last and  found time to call on his old  Greenwood acquaintances. He  is on a tour of portions of,the  province with which he was not  familiar. The Gazette did not  interview him on any of the  provincial problems before the  legislature last session, for he  was not. mixed up in them. He  left for Princeton and the coast  Saturday afternoon.  Ed. Donnell was this week  charged with issuing a forged  cheque for $58 and committed  for trial. The cheque was  taken from the cheque book of  R. J. Edinond, his name signed  and cashed in a Princeton store  July 2nd. Ed." is a native son,  whose ancestors graced the  scenery and lifted scalps and  rustled horseflesh for thousands  of years before his birth. He  is probably the first of his race  to put penmanship to a practical use. This is the last word  in the civilization of Poor Lo !  The Siwash "has done came."  Three officials of the G. N.  railway, one of them the Dominion inspector of railways,  passed through on a private car  yesterday evening. They were  interviewed by F. H. French  and T. H. Rotherham of the  Hedley Board of Trade in reference to the proposed change  back to the tri-weekly service  after August 5th. They came  primed and simply delivered  an ultimatum. The people of  the Similkameen valley also  have an ultimatum to deliver.  Unless we have a daily mail and  passenger service over the G.  N. railway the member for Yale  need not expect support from  the people of the valley.   This  /. ;-T'  THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY-      B.  C.  Headaches, sick or other  kinds, don't happen to  people whose livers are  busy and whose bowels are  as regular as a clock.  Thousands. of folks who  used to have headaches  say this is the way they  renaoyed the cause:  One pill at bedtime, regularly. Largerdose i������ there's  a suspicion of biliousness  or constipation.  *   CARTER'S  15VE&  c M PILLS  ���������genuine    boars   'Signature  Colorless faces often show  the absence of Iroa in the  blood,  CARTEL'S mOH PSLLS  will help  this condition.  Climate and Efficiency  Variable   Climate  Makes   for     Man's  Highest Achievement  Recent investigations seem to show-  that civilisation in the broader sense  of the term is largely dependent on  man's being subjected to considerable variations of temperature ii his  environment. Whenever Avhite men  in spite of their natural initiative  and tendency to -.efficiency have to  live and Avork in a tropical climate*,  they degenerate physicall.Vj^mciilally  and morally. This, it is claimed, is  due not so much to the high teinperature as to the monotony of an  unvarying climate and the consequent lack of Nature's most effective stimulation.  It has long been recognized that  mail!,' highest achievements have  been made in tlie variable climate of  the north temperate zone. Indeed,  if the 40th parallel of north latitude  be traced around the globe, it will  be found that practically all the  great centres of human achicA'emcnt  avc re  situated not  far away  from it.  Athens, Constantinople, Naples,  Rome, Florence, Paris, Vienna, Berlin, Loudon, J\Tcw York, Chicago, St.  Louis, San.Francisco, Tokio, and Pe-  ktn, as Avell as Jerusalem, Cartilage,  Sidon, Tyre, Memphis and Babylon,  AA-ere all situated Avithin about 10 degrees of this magic line.  Almost needless to say, this is the  line of greatest variation in temperature. It AA*ould seem, then, as  though the conclusion as lo man's  efficiency under circumstances in  which lie. is subjected to considerable daily, monthly and yearly variations of temperature must"- be accepted .  Mabel  The Simple Truth  -I'm going  to  get  ���������larricd  next month, Lizzie, if Jim Tan get a  Aveek off from his job. I think he'll  be able to; yer see, it isn't as if 'c  was going for a vacation to have a  good time.  Italy's   Navy Grows  Spuds  \ *   At Venice Seamen Have Excess Crop  for Sale to Civilians  The Italian ministry for" marine has  ordered all available plots o1' ground  a*.ithin naval enrlousers to .lie cultivated for the raising of A-egeiables  lor consumption by the navy. Land  is scarce in Venice, yet the sailors  there have done so avc)! that this  year's *poiaJ,o crop Avill exceed the  needs of the na\y and the execs.-, will  be sold at a low price lo the civilian  population.-  of disfiguring blemishes, by quickly  purifying the blood, improving the cir-'  culation, and regulating the habits with  *"���������*���������"���������������-i-������h-������t"  An Historic Speech  Unified   Parliament  of     the    Empire  Not Favored  "The spcceli of General Smuts ev'as  one of the. finest and most statesmanlike utterances the war has produced .  "If the British nation lias not realized before fully, it assuredly will  understand iioav, Avhat a noble ornament and strong pillar of Empire it  possesses in the soldier statesman  ���������a ho represented the Union of South  Africa in~the Imperial Avar conference.  "If avc interpret Gen. Smuts  speech aright \vc delect in it a note  of friendly and earnest caution lo  those, who. think the time ripe for  framing a new constitution of empire Avith a new* imperial parliament,  a new imperial .treasury and new* imperial taxes. Tlie idea is noble, imposing and logical, but it is none the  less full of perils and quicksands and  above all open to fatal objection thai  it docs not_secin to be described by  the responsible spokesmen'of the dominions. .It, may be taken as certain, therefore, that the special ..Avar,  conference which is to be called at  the end of the Avar to consider the  problem of imperial reconstruction  Avill not favor tlie idea of a unified  parliament of the empire. It Avill  proceed on lines less sensational, but  far more consonant Avith the British tradition of gradual evolution.  Indeed, it has already begun, in the  last few Aveeks, in the admission to  the imperial'cabinet ��������� of statesmen of  the dominions and representatives of  India."���������London. Daily Telegraph.  Briggs���������Don't patronize thai restaurant; they charge ten cents for  pic.        \  Griggs���������What of it? I'm a piece's t-any-pricc man.  "if all the. Avealth in the country  were equally divided, what would  you get?"  "Foolish and a ear."  Speak Of Them In  The Highest Terms  WHY MR. AND MRS.  WEST RECOMMEND DODD'S KIDNEY PILLS  It is natural for little ones to" be  well, and with care every baby can  be kept Avell. The main thing tOAvards  keeping little ones avcII is to keep  their little stomach sweet and their  boAvcls regular. Baby's Oavu Tablets  Avill do this. Thousands of mothers  keep the Tablets in the house as they  find them an efficient guard against  illness. Concerning them Airs. Hil-  aire Dcsmarais, St. Joseph de Sorcl,  Que., -writes: "I believe Baby's Oavu  Tablets arc the best medicine in the  Avorld for children. My baby Avas terribly constipated but the Tablets  promptly cured him and iioav he is a  big healthy child." The Tablets are  sold by medicine dealers or by mail  at 25 cents a box from The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brockvillc,  Ont.  Useful in Camp.���������Explorers, surveyors,, prospectors and hunters Avill  find Dr.'Thomas' Electric Oil vcry  uscful in camp. When the feel and  legs arc avcI and cold it is Avell to  nib them freely Avith the Oil and the  result Avill be the prcA-cnliou of pains  in the muscles; and -should a cut, or  contusion, or sprain be sustained,  nothing could be better as a dressing  or  lotion.  Largest Sale of Any Medicino in the WoxU.  Sold everywhere.   In boxes, 25c  LOSSES SURELY PREOTED  by CUTTER'S BUCKLEQ PILLS  l-owprlced,  Irdlr. reliable;  prclcrreclby  *,\ ������tern   stock*  They Cured Mr. West's Lumbago  and Made Mrs. West Feel Like a  New Person. They Are the Best  Tonic.  St. Tames,' Man . (Special.)���������That  Dodd's Kidney Pills are living up to  their great reputation in the \Vcst is  tAA-ic'c proved by Mr. and Mrs. G.  West. avcII knoAvn and highly respected residents of this place. Let Mrs.  West tell the story of Avhat the great  Canadian kidney" remedy has done  for her husband and herself.  "My husband suffered from attacks  of lumbago," she states, "and the doctor did him no good/but I can truthfully say that since using Dodd's Kidney Pills, he is entirely free from  lumbago.  "lmyscli" look six boxes of Dodd's  Kidney Pills and am just like a neiv  person.     I have gained 10 lbs.   since  using  them and  my friends    compli  mem nic ou how well. I look.  ''I  have recommended Dodd's  Kid-!  ney  Pills lo some of my lady friends  who were complaining of not feeling  well,  and" they,    like    myself,    speak  highly  of them."'  Dodd's Kidney Pills cure the kidneys. Cured kidneys make pure  blood. That is Avhy Dodd's Kidney  Pills  are  the best tonic.  Loss of British Guns  No more remarkable assurance of  the superiority of the British over  thcir'German enemy could avcII luu'c  been given than is contained in the  statement of Prmicr Lloyd George,  that up to June, 1915, Iavo years ago,  British armies had lost 8*1 guns, anel  that since that time they have not lost  a gun, but instead haA'e captured over '100 guns. Furthermore, that German prisoners taken by the British  number ten to one British prisoner  taken by the Germans.���������London  Free Press.  Germany Strengthens Doctrine  It is one of the remarkable features  of Hie AA-ar ihat the ruthless acts oi  Germany haA'e done more than anything else to strengthen the Monroe  Doctrine .Germany is the one poAver  above all others that has been antagonistic to that doctrine. .She has  Avalchfully Availed her opportunity to  descend upon the western hemisphere  and secure a permanent foothold  here. Anr now by the logical develop-  incntof her conscienceless policy of  aggression she finds South America,  on Avhich shc^Jiad set her heart, arrayed against her and. bound to us  by closer tics of sentiment and interest than ever before. Thus she has  been her oavu undoing again.���������PrOA'i-  dence  Journal.  nwn.    because tliey  proloot wher.o othor  ^a vacolnes fall.  [f^   AVrltt for booklet and testimonials.  10-dosspkz.Blackloe Pills. $1.00  50-*}O38 ple������. BlacMog Pills, $4.00  Use any Injector, but Cutter's simplest andstronsresr.  Tl*e superiority ol Cutter products Is due to over IS  j ears of sperializi:iz in VACCINES AND SERUMS  only. iNsiiT ore CUTTieK'S. It unobtainable  Order dirrct.  Tho Cutter Laboratory, Borteoloy, California Jf  ^  ONTARIO   BABY   MADE  STRONG  Mrs.  Jarvis says Dr.   Cassell's Tab.  lets  cured her Delicate Child  when nothing else could  THE NEW FRENSH REMEDY. JAM. No**"*. Wj3  THERAPION^&33  great sucres*:, cures chronic weakness, lost vicoit  *   VIM, KID*..*.^    BLADOCK,  DISEASES,   BLOOD    POISON.  PILES.    KITHEH   No. I3XUQGIS1S or MAIL SI. POST 4 CT9  t'OOGER* Co. W>. BECKMAM ST. NCW VORKor LYMAN BROJ  TORONTO.     WRIIS l-OR  FREE BOOK TO DR.  LB CLEK.0 '  MED. CO. U*iVKRSIOCKRD. HAMPSTEAD. LOMDON, ENO.  i^Lt.K^u^.a^������,ri?T^LEls'I^Ri'������I b"*sv To-TAieie  THERAPIOW saws0���������.-*  tCB  TIIVT TRADE   MARKED   WORD   ' THKRAPION'   IS  Ot*  ������I(IT. GOVT. STAMP /iHL IXED TO ALC. GENUINE PACKET!*.  America's  - Pioneer  Dog Remedies  BOOK  OPT ,  DOG DISEASES  And How to Feed  .ATslleU free* to tiny address by  tho Author  H.CLAY GLOVER CO., Ine*;  118 West 31st Street, New York  COOK'S-  C0TF0N   ROOT   COMPOUND  Minard's    Liniment    Used by    Physicians.  He Knew  "Women  can    endure    pain  heroically than men.   I  know  perience,"  "Are you a doctor?"  "Xo, a shoe salesman."  more  ���������y  c*n-  Keep  Minard's  Liniment in the  house  Her Slightest Wish  Mrs.   Moon���������Before avc Ave re  ried you said that  my slightest  ���������would  be your law.  Mr. Moon���������Exactly, my love,  you have so many vigorous and avcII-  cleA-eloped   wishes   that   I   am   as   yet  unable to  decide as to  which  is  shghlcsl.  ;nar-  >visli  bin  Hi  Unnecessary  An Atlanta laAvyc-r iclls of a newly  qualified judge in one of the towns of  the south Avho Avas trying one of his  first criminal cases. The prisoner Avas  an old negro charged Avith robbing.a  hen coop. He. had been in court before on a similar charge and Avas then  acquitted.  "Well, Henry," observed the judge,  "i   see  you're  in  trouble  again."  "Yessuh," replied the negro, "the  last time, Jedgc, you Avill recollect,  yyii.Avas my lawyer."  "Where is your laAvycr this time?"  "1 ain't got no lawyer this    time,  said   IT'cni-A',  "I's  going   to     tell    the  truth."      "     .  Mrs. Jarvis, Em 28C", Perietaii*?, P.O., On-  -lario, '.vritei: "It is a pleasure to tell you  iwhai Dr. Cansell'i Tablets hare done for my  baby. AVhen only five months old he fell ill,  and though I had medical advice for him lie  got wor.se. T tried several special foods, but  ���������rone of them would stay on his stomach, and  he became so thin that ho seemed just skin  ������nd bone, tie only weighed 10 lbs., and we  never thought he could live. Bui chancina  to hear of Di. Cassell's Tablets X (rot some  for baby, and am thankful 1 did. tie is a  bojixry boy now, quite cured, and weigh*  Zo lbs.  at  twelve mouths  old."  A free sample of Dr* Cassell's Tablets will be aent to you on receipt of  5 cents for mailing and packing. Address: Harold F. Ritchie & Co., Ltd*,  iO, M'Caul-st*, Toronto.  . Dr. Cassell's Tablets are the surest horna  i-eiuedy for Dyspepsia/Kidney Trouble, Sleep-.  Icssness,. Anaemia. Nervous Ailments, Nerve  Paralysis, Palpitation, and AV'eakness in Children. Specially valuable for nursing mothers  and during: the critical periods of life. Sold by  ���������drug-gists and storekeepers throughout Canada. .Prices : One tube, 50 cts; six ttrbe3 for th������  price of five. Beware of imitation* said to contain liyp'ophospliites. The composition of -Dr.  Casfell's Tablets is known only to the propri-  itori,, and  no imitation can ever be the same*.  ���������Tjole  Proprietors:  Dr.  Cassell's . Co.  Ltd., Manchester, England  Asthma Can Be Cured, Its suffering is as needless as it is terrible to  endure.- After its many years of relief of the most stubborn cures no  sufferer can do'ibl the perfect effectiveness of Dr. J.D. Kc.llogg's Asthma Remedy. Comfort ot body and  peace of mind return -with its use and  nights of sound .sleep, come back for  good. Ask your druggist; he can  si'pply you.  Only the uninformed endure the  agony of corns. The knowing ones  apply llolloway's Corn Cure and get  relief.  The First Aviators  The origin of ihe first balloon,  the greatly marvelled at 'experiment  of MonlgoUicr in 1783, is .to be traced  indirectly lo the- influence of a .not  very pretty feminine, fashion. Mbnt-  golfier Avas led lo his discovery by  llu; inflation and upward flight , of  his Avife's hooped petticoat, .which  happened to be near his gas retort  while he was making some experiments. The Montgollicr brothers  wisely did not risk their own necks  in the. lirst flight.' The first aviators were a cock, a duck, and a sheep.  avIio all rcuinied  terra firma.  A safe, reliable regulating meJI  cine. Sold in tlrree degrees o;  , strength. No. 1, $1 j No. 2, W  No. $, |5 per box. Soldi by arl  drustgista, or sent prepaid li  plain package ou receipt o  price. Free pamphlet Addresi  THE COOK MEDICIN*8 CO  Toronto. OnL (Ftnturhi ������'<������nWj  Alberta's Sheep Census  Alberta has 245,000 sheep, of -which  158,000  belong  to  members    of    the  South  Alberta  Wool  Growers' Association   \aUIi   headquarters     at  bridge-.  Leth-  At the A'armouth Y.M.C'.A. Boys'  Camp, held alTuskcl Falls, in August, .1 found MiNARD'S-LIN-'iMENT  most beneficial for sun burn, an immediate relief for colic and toothache.  . ALFRED STOKES, :  General Sec'y.  safe:  and   sound   to  I ,-,  Met His Match   .  The Actor���������I. say, old thing. I'm  getting aAvfully popular. A hot cigar  has been   named after mc! '  His Manager��������� tl'iii. Hope it  tli-aAvs  better  than  vou  do!  cards  For the Price of One!  Both     sides     of     EDDY'S  . TAvin ; BeaA'er ��������� Washboard*^'  can be used���������giving   double  service for the price of one^  Made      of      INDURATED  FIBREWARE     !(>hich   ,io  really, pulp    hardened    arid  baked by a special .process*)''.!  it   cannot   splinter   or    fail  apart. Won't hurt your finje-  ers   or    tear    you    c-lotho*.  Double value for your mon-   -  ey���������almost '    life       laatln-f.  Don't do    another    -washing  until you get ona.  ASK  YOUR DEALER.  The E. B. Eddy Company  Limited  HULL     -     -     CANADA  Maces Not Always Peaceful  The iicav mace which the Canadian  Prime Minister has received from th  Lord Mayor for the Canadian hous  of commons is of gold. But when th.  rnace had sterner uses it was made p  harder material. . Milton speaks o  Death's "mace petrific," Chaucer o  a "mace of steel," and it :was Ayith on(  of iron that Wahvorth laid low Wa|  Tyler. .Iron maces.vtoo,were used bj;  the Turks in their Avars of the dar|  ages. When the niace passed iroa  being a Aveapon of Avar to a nicr(  emblem of'authority its. intrinsic vat  ue increased, for it AA-as first made oi  copper, "then of silver, often richlf  gilt, and iioav of the most preciouj  metal of all.-���������London Daily, Chront  clc;  The Length of Revolutions  Russian Upheaval Was One of the  Quickest on Record  For its size and significance, the  Russian revolution is one of the*  quickest and least: sanguinary on retold. Six; (lays practically saw llu*  end of it, whereas more than three  years elapsed between the storming  of the. Bastile and the proclamation  of the French republic. It took six  days of barricade fighting in 1830 to  persuade Charles X. lo abdicate; bill  Louis Philippe fle*d in 1848 after only  two, though the subsecpiciii. state of  siege lasted four mouths.  England was ten years in establishing a commonwealth, and live ���������weeks  sufficed to convince James If. thai  i French soil was healthier for him  llian English. Italian wars of liberation occupied most of I860; and the  insurrection in Avhich the Greeks deposed King Olho in 1862 was. over in  fourteen days. The'quickest revolu-'  tion on record Avas that of Portugal  in 1910, which was over in a day. ���������j  London   Observer.  'When you pay the price of first quality sugar, why not  be sure that you get it ? There is one brand in Canada  which has no second quality���������that's the old reHabls Redpath.  "Let Redpath Sweeten it." g  lo.zo^o^dioo^Q^i.  Made in one grade only--the highest!  I     V  i  .V'  .ft*  '* /  a  \  i  ���������Nf  'i  i  (  . 1  111  m  v:  I  ���������^���������W-sStf^rtWCi.fl^K-^iW'ft'.^^^^  ������������������'-*!���������**'* ^ai*wr-> ."u ���������*���������������-!������ jim r**ui ������j .:  \ '*-i  *'l-'o'*Vr.*::r*^',,^3#ra^  ���������W  *>'  '.,  <J  r>1.. - ��������� ��������� ,1  ���������**   .>-*���������  )i  l 7-  t  >���������  a*.  it**  :'l  ������������������  THE    .GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.      0.  RUSSIA WILL STAND FIRM AGAINST  ANY DISHONORABLE PEACE MOVE  DECLARES INDISSOLUBLE UNION WITH THE ALLTES  Russian   Premier  Speaks oi the Future Policy of the   Empire,  Stating that Russia Cannot Hand Down to Future Generations  ��������� . A Dishonored Name  Prince: LvolT,  the Russian  premier  And  M .  Tereschtcnko, the newly appointed   minister, ''made    long    statements at a press reception on the rc-  ��������� cent crisis and the policy of Russia  Prince��������� La-oIT,-after  declaring  that  'the  the nation had been brought 10  edge of an abyss said:  "The government considers that  its first duty is to consolidate the  fighting strength of the army, as  avcII as. .for safeguarding the con-  cmests of restitution anel for driving  , out the enemy' and actively supporting the allies. The goA-ernmcnt considers that it is its duly to proclaim  ' -clearly and definitely its desire for  the consolidation of a speedy peace;  but, in speaking of peace Avithout annexation or indemnities, the government declares it is not, a question of  passive defence. Free Russia will  not consent to leave under the yoke  of German militarism*' territories  which Avere abandoned OAving to the  criminal negligence of the old regime. Neither can Russia remain  'indifferent to the fate of Belgium,  Serbia, or Roumania, nor forget its  duties tOAvard them. Russia . cannot hand down to future generations  a dishonored reputation.  '"The existing armistice at the front  which gave the German chancellor a  pretext to formulate his idea of a  separate peace, dishonorable to Russia, must cease. The country must  -speak its imperious Avord, anel send  its army out to fight."  M. Tereschtcnko in his statement  of the policy of free Russia as outlined in the declaration of the provisional government, strongly emphasized the need of an iudissoluable union with the allied democracies and  the consciousness of the duly those:  lies impose upon Russia. He declared that it was a question of the honor of the revolution which Avas more  precious to  Russia than ever.  "I note Avilli deep satisfaction,"  continued the minister, "dial in our  free Kussia, despite our divergencies  of A-i'CAA-T there is no party, no single  Airganizalion such as existed in reactionary Russia, capable of carrying  ou propaganda in favor of a separate  peace. There, is. one -iiic-dion, however, Avhich still lets loose the passions, namely, the question of the  treaties concluded by the old regime,  the. immediate publication of AA'hich  is demanded. This, I am convinced,  is  a  mistaken   demand.  "The Russian democracy must understand thai the publication of these  treaties would mean a rupture -a ith  the allies and the isolation of Russia,  which would be the beginning of a  separate peace. But this is just  what the entire Russian people repudiates willi all its strength. It understands thai an international Avar  cau only be concluded by an international peace. Ncav Russia must look  ..-forward, riot behind.  .-"There arc iwo great new facts in  the A\-ar���������the Russian revolution and  the entry of the great republic of the  United Stales. A new start must be  made from these facts, and free Russia must prove that she is. loyally lul-  i*iling the engagements she; entered  upon" Avilh the allies, for a united  &ti-ti<Tgle and mutual help. The army  v, ill'understand .that it is fighting for  all it holds most dear, and that dc-  Lit Avill annihilate our -new found  liberty and hcav life.  "It is indeed ridiculous to speak _at  the. present lime of the annexationist  plans of the allies as a real menace  to a itist peace, when Kussia, Belgium," France, and Serbia arc themselves either entirely or partially occupied by the oncmy." ���������  ������������������The Ajar minister, A.h*. Keren sky,  addressing a . meeting of 'Black Sea  delegates,  said:  "So long as 1 am minister oi war  no attempt at a counter revol-Hion is  Waste oi: War  Verdun  The Steel Harvest Sown in  Battlefield  "Prometheus," the organ of the  German iron trade, makes au elaborate calculation as to the quantity of  steel-which is noAV lying on the hillsides round Verdun. According ��������� lo  military reports, it often happened  that as many as one million shots  daily Avere fired from guns of various calibres. If, hOAvever, one million  shells are taken as the Aveekly instead of the daily average, Ave reach  almost incredible totals. Taking the  ground fought over as 260 square  kilometres, and the average weight  of shells as 90 lbs., no less than 1,-  350,000 tons of steel exploded on the  area in question. This weight is sufficient to load 135,000 heaA-y goods  AA'agons, and works out at 13 tons of  steel per acre. Taking the price of  scrap steel at 3 pounds 10s per ton,  avc have a crop of steel worth about  *!.S pounds per acre, a crop which  "Prometheus" thinks is well worih  garnering. '  Counter Check  Or Sales Books  possible,  its soul  ullic-s.".  Our   new   regime   has  complete,    union    with  lor  the  Is Scotland Going "Dry?"  The .demand for war tunc prohibition in Scotland is undoubtedly making progress. Sir Pel ward Parolt  presided at n large gathering ol Jul-  inbtirg citizens in tbe'Lslier Mali of  tliat citv, and commented tliat* its  size and representativeness indicated  that the. thinking'part'of the community had been converted to the ������������������atise.  The speeches that followed hammered the fact tliat in spile of all  tlie pleading for economy 100 days  cost of war had go.mr in the -ruiim-  facture arid consumption of liquor.  With prohibition 101)000 men could  be diverted from an unnecessary industry and placed on the land for  its cultivation. The country and Lu-  ropc stood at the parting of the  ways, and if Scotland, Avhich would  lose* more than any other country,  went "dry," other countries Avould be  sure to folloAV the lead. .  The torch of a "dry" Scotland is  to be carried north, south, cast and  west. ._  Mr. Merchant:���������  If you are not already using out  Counter Check "or Sales Books we  Avould respectfully solicit your next  order. Years of experience in the  manufacture of this line enable us lo  give you a book as nearly perfect as  it. is possible lo be made iiT'these difficult times.  All classes and grades of paper ar.c  now from 100 to 400 per "cent, higher than they Avere two years ago.  Carbon papers, Avaxcs for coated  books, labor, in fact everything that  goes into the cost of counter check  or sales books are very high in price.  Notwithstanding these facts, our  modern and well equipped plant for  this particular work enables us to  still keep our prices reasonably  Ioav. Before placing your next order  aarile us for samples and prices, or  consult the proprietor of this -paper.  We make a specialty of Carbon  Back or Coated Books, also O.K.  Special Triplicate books. On these,  and our regular duplicate and triplicate separate Carbon Leaf Books, Ave  number among our customers the  largest and best commercial houses  from coast to coast. No order is too  large or too small to be looked after  carefully.  We haA-e connections with the  largest paper mill in Canada, ensuring an ample supply of the best grade  paper used in counter check books.  You arc therefore assured of an extra grade of proper, prompt service  and shipments.  Waxed Papers and Sanitary  Wrappers  We also manufacture Waxed Bread  and Meat Wrappers, plain and printed; Confectionery Wrappers, Pure  Food Waxed Paper Rolls for Plome  Use, Fruit Wrappers, etc.  Write for samples of our G. &-B.  Waxed Papers used as ' a Meal:  Wrapper. It is both grease and  moi-sture proof, and the loAvest priced article on the market for this  purpose.  Genuine     Vegetable    Parchment   for  Butter Wrappers   ''-...���������.',  We are large importers of ,, this  particular brand of paper.- Our prices  on 8x11 size in 100M quantities and  upwards, arc very low, considering  the present .high price of this paper.  VVc can supply any quantity printed  "Choice Dairy Butter" from stock.  Our machinery and equipment for  Waxing and Printing is^ the most  modern and complete iu Canada* and  ensures you first-class goods and  prompt service.  APPLEFORD  COUNTER' CH.F.CK  BOOK COMPANY, LTD.  Hamilton, Canada.  Offices:   Toronto,   Montreal,     Winnipeg, Vancouver.  The  Explanation  An elderly lady entered a store  and asked to be shown some .tablecloths.. A salesman ' brought a pile  and showeel them to her but she said  she had seen those elsewhere���������nothing  suited  her.  "Haven't you anything new?" she  asked.  The clerk then brought another  pile and showed them lo her.  "These arc the newest pattern," he  said. "You Avill notice, that the edge  itins right around the border and the  centre is in the middle."  "Isn't that lovely!" said the lady.  "I Avill take, half a dozen of those."  Tribute to Canada  American Paper"Praises Spirit of the  Canadian Troops  When the history of the Avar comes  to be told, Canada's place in it will  stand' forth lo our Avonder and  amazement. Canada's contribution in  men and money, in bravery and endurance, in unselfish resourcefulness,  in quick anel adequate response, has  been tremendous and magnificent.  Proportionately lo her population  Canada will be found to have made  the largest monetary contributions to  the Avar, -not only for the formation  and equipment of her own vast armies, not only, in subscriptions to the  ever-recurring Avar loans, hut also-in  aid to the multitudinous relief funds  for Belgium, for France, for Serbia,  for Poland for the Avidows and orphans and dependents of soldiers in the  war, for the provision of luxuries for  the troops, for the Red Cross, and in  liic stalwart application of those who  remained at home "for the production  of -foodstuffs for die- warring countries?  The valor of the Canadians on the  field has called forth the unqualified  praise of the French nnd British generals, for they have proven themselves absolutely dauntless and as leaders of forlorn hopes, turned later into amazing victories, they have had  no equals. Counting the cost is not  the 'Canadian way. Out of a contingent of 25,000 troops al the outset of  the Avar, not 2,500 live- to tell the  tale. Their casualties A\erc appalling,  but the only effect they had upon the  Canadian heart was to accelerate recruiting and A'oluntecrs poured in to  avenge their folloAvs. It has been  officially staled in Canada thai for  every man that falls, five more enlist.  Il was the Canadians thai bore the  first terrible brunt of the asphyxiating gas attacks, Avhich came as such  a staggering surprise, the HagueCon-  vcnlion having specifically forbidden  r its use. The stories of the tortures  they suffered al that time, of the appalling condition of those who lived  through it, is heart-rending. But the  experience did but stiffen their backbones and their determination to increase their aid in men and money to  fight the common enemy. No wonder  the' thousand Chinese avIio have \'ol-  untccred to fight with the allies, enlisting from VancoiiA-or, expressed  the wish lo serve under Canadian officers.  Canada, a young country, needing  ail her men al home, never hesitated  once, they had put their shoulder to  the wheel. And they have never  slackened their ardor, no matter avIkiI  befell. And the. women of Canada  have taken up the men's work at  home, kept the country going at a  normal business level, and it has been  said that more laud, nor less, has  been cultivated in Canada since the  war started���������cultivated by the men  past military age, hy the invalids, by  the Avomen and the boys. Jt is a  splendid record which will p'.ace Canada among the historic nation-* ol  war.���������Los Angeles Times.  the  "What  arc  you  reading,   Clarice?"  "About summer goods.'This store  advertises   landing   nets.      What    do  they mean bv a landing net?"  "A hammock."  Scientific Burglary  Dean Inge Says Teutons Are  Not a  Fighting Race  Speaking at the Temple chine*.,  L-mdon, beau Inge said our opponents in ihis'-Avar were not really a  fighting race, and so they had no  chiv.ilrv. War for them Avas a sordid business, shorn of all romance; it  Aias merely a scientific burglary by a  verv large gang.  .It seemed to bj.m that reliance ou  'the law of progress, on socialism, democracy, common-sense and ��������� inclus-  trv, or on organized religion, to .pre.--  vent a recurrence of what was happening, was in each case alike futile;  they Avoi'ld f-til" again as they Intel  failed iioav. .  He knc-AV Shat this war was forced,  upon t.s, but he did not think avc had  a'right to assume that avc and our  present allies could never be. guilty ot  breaking the peace at sonic future  lime���������our past record-was. not clean  enough for that., ��������� It amis of no use  Irving to change the ���������AVorIcPwilhoi.it  changing ourselves. We must ;.)���������-*>-  mote from top to, bottom the great  re firms i'.'. national education which  he. hoped  would  come after peace..  Cannot Invoke a "Hate" Sentiment  Professor Shipley, of Christ's College. Cambridge, England, in au essay  on "Hate" says that, he doesn't think  the sentiment of hatred as_an_ incentive to Avar can be effectively  worked up with British troops. In  criulii-iiiaiiou of this view he says lhat  an officer recently visited one oi the  British trenches Avhere some German prisoners were and at an hour  when, a "sing-song" was in full swing-  he was pleased lo hear the sergeant  in the chair announce: "Item No. -I,  Mister Fritz and Mister Moritz will  oblige  with  'The  now  'vnin  of 'ate  After the  i Movies  "'/./niiiniiiiuiiiiunmituMiiiiiiu  Two Eyea for a Lifetime ������  Murine Is for Tired KyoG. Kcd =  Byes���������Soro Kyos���������-Granulated =   lllyellde.     llcsts--B������froslies��������� =  ���������"* Hostorcs. Murlrro is a Karorleo Treatment. =  = f or Hjci that reel dry and smart. Giro your =  = Hyos un much of your loving euro as your _  B Teeth and with tho sutno regularity, s  ������ CARE rOH THEM. YOU CAHHOT BUY NEW EYES! =  = Sold at Unite and Optical Stores or hy Mull. =  = Ask Murine Eye* Remedy Co., Chicago, tor Free Boole =  .niiiiiiiiiliiiiiiiiiiiim������nii������"l"l|i������l"""llll,""r'  W.  N*  U.  1161  SENSELESS DE  IN TRAIL OF RETREATING VANDALS  BOGHE WAR A BEAST'S GAME WITH BESTIAL RULES  An Eye-Witness Tells of the Work of the Retreating Germans'in  Fair France, Committing Acts of, Vandalism That Would Put  To Shame a Band of Ruthless Savages  An eyc-Awlncss of the fiendish and  senseless destruction Avrought by the  German armiesjn their present flight  honiCAvards conveys Avhat is clearly  a true and impartial account of what  is taking place.  I saw* he AA-ritcs, from a point Avithin reach of the pcllels the very last  shells fired al Bapaume, have traversed many blasted villages, and have  spent almost leisurely hours in Pca--  onue���������fondly called by the French La  Puccllc���������-which has' lost under German treatment eA-cry touch of her  maidenly grace and beauty. With  such opportunities it is not difficult  to tell how much of the ruin has been  wrought by.shell fire, Iioaa' much by  mine or fire or army house-bieakers.  Calculated brutality, scientific evisceration, cannot cloak themselves under the guise of acts of Avar.  The facts are these: As soon as  the inhabitants were driv-cn off and  sent behind this great forrified line  of Avhich the German papers boast,  all thai Avas Avorth having Avas carted  off and all the rest destroyed. The  manner of destruction varied with  the. thing to be destroyed. Iu Pcr-  onne are many fine trees planted for  ornament. The military authorities,  probably from lack of labor, could  not carl them aAvay, could not even  spend time in felllin'g thcij-i.  So instructions were given to hack  CA-evy tree, as a hedge-layer , cuts  hedge-stakes, ju&t deep enough to  ensure the death of the tree. So the  German left "his mark," a V-shaped  convict's mark, cut hali-Avay through  each trunk of the avenue. Fruit trees  rre more carefully severed than ornamental trees, and especial care has  been taken to destroy completely the  espaliers and" prettily tiaincd fruit  trees in-Avhich French gardeners take  special and peculiar delight.  I do not knoAv Avhy, but the sight  of these little fruit trees with their  throats cut filled me with more  trenchant rage against the German  mind than all the rest of the havoc.  Probably a list of- tree*, and other  things tlu'l inhabitants of the I3a-  pniinie and .Pcronne districts Avill  need after the war is already filed m  llic commercial department al Berlin.  So much-for the gardens. Xoav for  flic houses. I do not knoAv Iioav  many score I entered, Iioav many  hiinclrcd I stared into through Ih.o  shattei-ed facades. Along Avhole  streets where eA-cry i'ronL Avail Avas  tent open, 1 could find no vestigcof  any shell hole or of the distinctive  oa-.i1 hole that a shell usually punctures in briekAA'ork.  The AA-ork had been done, E am  v. holly convinced, by small charges  of ammonal, one of which was found  and most bravely can ice! auay by  one of the party. The quarters of the  town Avhere the Mull-, had hem directed AA'ere very avcII defined; and il  Avas in these only thai the front Avails  AAcrc erect, though damaged.  Within the. houses mess and filth  Avere iiiA-ariable. It .was a Avonder Iioav  so much rubble could have been  amassed. In the-Hotel de Villc in  Pcronne, a building .spared because  used to the last as a hospital, each  room, save only the cellars' and dugout below the cellars, was impassable  for debris. .'���������*���������.  The general impression of desolation wrought by some bull-headed  minotaur or. vulture harpy was etched into the features of a more odious  because more human and intelligent  monster Avhen . the minor individual  details of this general Avreckagc  reached   the  imagination.-'  Here was a long mirror hung  against the wall. It Avas shivered by  means of a hammer still lying on the  floor. Here avus a cabinet Avith shallow shelves, each of Avhich had been  hacked by some, blunt instrument.  Here, again was a Kcnaissaiice. mantelpiece" finely cut and designed in  marble. It had been battered out <>l  ���������shape and pattern by the blunt side  of an axe. The effect was not less  brutal in the very rare places where  apparently something had been spared.  For example, a certain number ol  books had been left in a fine library,  but the. greater number avc re thrown  about the floor and wantonly torn  and fouled. Xo pictures avcix left  intact; no single, table or chair or  piece ol" crcn-kery. Indeed, hardly  anywhere could I fmd trace of furniture. I can only suppose that, most  of it was carted off and is probably  in the hands of the Prussian furniture  fakers, who have great German genius in their art But Iioav much ���������v.v.a  burnt, Iioav much carried off, is quite  conjectural. In Pcronne fires had  been lit here and there, and a few  houses were still smoking. In Bapaume, Avhich I only saAV at night,  the burning aams more extensive. In  the villages the. fires Avere the biggest  and most thorough, probably for the  reason that the material was of less  values. Nowlicrc do any whole houses  oist. The churches are IIoavu up by  mines,.  I have said nothing of acts of de*.  tiuction thai have any military object. War, as conducted by the Boche  is a beast's > game and has bestial  rules. The mining of all avcIIs, except  the one or tAvo left for chemical  treatment, is, .1 suppose, a military  precaution like the shattering of the  raihvay stations and the permanent  way. Indeed, with regard to military  precautions of this sort, my personal  feeling Avas chat by far the least  thorough part of the work AA'as the  blocking of traffic. You could drive a  motor at good speed along* main  roads seven or eight hours after the  enemy had left them.  . The mining and blocking seemed to  my eyes rather casual and perfunctory, at any rate vastly inferior in  thoroughness to the looting and the  wanton excesses against property.  The military mining and tree felling  Avere done under orders. The stealing and breaking up of gardens and  houses were done for pleasure and  profit���������con  amore.  So it is that you can bicycle along  country roads in the rear of the enemy and meet little obstruction.  Scores of obvious checks and barriers have been omitted. But in all  the tOAvns and in all the A-illages you  may search from daAvn to dusk for  any single example of slackness in  the art, or perhaps science, of thieving and fouling.  In September of 1914, iu the close  neighborhood of Rhcims, a. French  general���������"a soldier and a gentleman''  if everther Avas one���������shoAvcd me in  a little little shop Iioav everything  has been sifted till nothing 'worllj*  more than tAVOpencc-halfpeuny Avas  left iu the heap on the floor, and 1  A^alkcd through villages robbed of  eA-ery AA-atch, every sheet, blanket,  and bolster.  But the German has advanced  since those days. He can now* loot  a large Ioavii so that not the value  of a" penny piece is- left, and he can  retreat over a country side without  leaA'ing a roof or a saucepan, or a  fruit tree.  Babylon in  British Hands  Union Jack Flies  Over   What     Was  Once Great Babylonian  Empire  There arc really Iavo Uabylons. one  the Babylon of today, ihe other the  Babylon of Ncbucliandnczzar, says a  Avriter in the Christian Guardian. The  former is the little toAvn of Hillah,  with only a feAV hundred inhabitants  and its buildings all of mud bricks,  like Babylon of old. The ancient  Babylon lies all around Ilillah, and  is practically a suburb of Bagdad.  Before the Avar there were a dozen  German scholars lh'ing iu Babylon  and pursuing research Avork for the  German government at a cost of  about .$20,000 a* year. But the members of the staff of this research party  Acerc all German officers, and their  researches were not confined wholly  to ancient Babylonian records and  relics. A railway Avas projected to  run from Berlin to Bagdad and one  hundred miles of it-ran north- from  Bagdad to Samaria, and this is now  in British hands. It is an interesting  thing to note that Kut-el-Amara, also  famous in this Avar, is on the edge of  the ancient Ur of the Chaldccs, which  Avas Abraham's dwelling-place when  he heard the voice that called him  to "go out, not knOAving Avhither he  he Avent." And now.over this sectior^  and OA'cr ancient Babylon flies Hies"  Avell-known Union'Jack, and Britain's  soldiers guard Avhat Avas once the  centre of the great Babylonian empire .  All Credit Is Canada's  The Evening Journal is iu a position lo makeannounccment of historic importance to Canada concerning the recent victory at Viniy Ridge.  Vimy Ridge was taken by Canadian  infantry after splendid preparation by  artillery that was entirely Canadian���������  every gun that took part iu battering  down the German position Avas Canadian, and what is of special interest  to Ottawa is that a Canadian soldier,  General E.W.B. Morrison of OttaAva, Avas in charge of the Canadian  artillery.  Only one officer not Canadian  participated and he Avas a staff of-,  iiccr, placed to communicate Willi  British officers in linking up the ae>*  tion along the line Avith other dm*-  sions.-���������OttaAva  livening Journal.  Flubdub���������Why do you -watcls  young Gotrox so closely? Are youj  afraicl he is going to elope Avith youi;  daughter? .  Harciuppc��������� No; I'm afraid he isn t.*  "Bliggins   is  av-Avays    lecturing   OtJf  patriotism." ,.,.,.  "Yes. Sometimes I think he is ant  alien enemy, and is trying to makes  patriotism unpopular,"  ���������i'.  ft,  "i  J  m  .si;  ml  '���������fM ���������������J   '^���������'iy**?is*r,'**������<-jj  '��������� v'  -. ���������* ^.--.-v,,-* a--*'V--> ^*,-"v **���������**���������  ^-Ji,-'* ;.*;,. j yV -" *���������' **- -���������  s :        ' .' ' ?'-  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.  ,      j j -, i.  Co-Operative  Wool Selling  Manitoba Government Again Undertakes Work of Marketing  Just at the piesent time Tie securing oi a good avooI clip is of unusual  ���������importance because of the heavy demand for Avoolen goo*'s for soldiers'  Avcar. In order that the rapidly increasing amount of woo!,uoav pioduc-  ed in Manitoba may be marketed in  the best possible condition' during  li/17, ihe Dominion live slock branch  and the Manitoba department of agriculture are putling forth a concerted effort that is bound to have  decided lesults. The Manitoba department of agriculture will again, in  1917, sell on the co-operative basis  till avooI consigned to it. Also, it is  sending Circular 33 to all knoAvn  sheepmen. Even those slieep OAvners,  if any, avIio may not be intending to  sell their avooI on the co-operative  plan should secure one of these cir-  , culars becartse it contains the best  advice that the Dominion and provincial authoiities have to present.  The Dominion government is supporting the movement by placing an  expert in the field for the next two  or three months. Charles N. Salt-  sot], a sheep and avooI specialist, is  now toming Manitoba, pcisonally  A'isiling sheep OAvners and promoting  co-opciativc avooI marketing and better care of the fleeces. When he has  completed his Avork, Mr. Stetson  will have practically a complete census of the sheep of Manitoba.  Any questions regarding, sheep  keeping or wool handling addressed  to the Manitoba department of agriculture Avill be anSAvercd cither by  Mr. Stetson or one of the provincial  or Agricultural college authorities in  touch A\ith this-"matter.  The department, acting as agent  for the farmers, will, up to July 10,  1917, receive the avooI delivered in  Winnipeg, Avhere it will be A\eighcd,  stored and graded under the supervision of expert avooI graders supplied by the federal government of  agriculture. The wool will then be  sold on grade for the highest obtainable price.  On receipt of wool, the department  is prepared to make a cash advance  up lo tAvo-lhirds of the local market  price, the balance to be paid as soor  From the Gulf Coast  , To Western Canada  Americans    From    Texas Give Their  Impressions  of Western  Canada t  Under the caption, "The Gulf Coasc  to Western Canada," Messrs. A.R.  Collins and S.C. Collins, formerly of  Galveston, Texas, and uoav of Ken-  asion, SaskatcheAvan, contribute the  folloAving record of their impression  of  Western  Canada:  "Leaving Galveston, Texas, -the  'Treasure Island City of America,'  with its parks and palms, its green  giass and flowers, on the 29th of  January, 1917, avc journeyed north-,  A\ard. As avc emerged from the  aaaimer climate Ave were curious to  observe the effect' of cold Avealhcr  upon the life and activities of the  people.  'As' Ave Avere iioav about to say  good-bye to Uncle Sam, some one  asked the question, 'What are you going to Canada for?' The ansAver was,  'To  Win-a-peg of course.'  "Arriving at Winnipeg, Manitoba,  on Fcbiuary 8, avc found a beautiful  city and as full of life and motors as  any through which Ave had passed.  Winnipeg is one of the fastest growing cities on the American continent.  In 1906 the population Avas 69,000, in  1916 it Avas 163,000. Situated mid-Avay  between the east and the Avcst, and of  easy access to the Great Lakes as  avc! I as to American cities, Winnipeg  has already become a city of great  commercial  importance.  Continuing our journey westward  from Winnipeg 400 miles to Kenas-  ton, SaskatcheAvan, other surprises  aAvaited us. Much of this iicav country we found dotted with straw-  stacks, nice houses, and large hip-  loof barns, painted red, reminding us  of southern  Minnesota.  "Passing through Regina, a city of  40,000 and the capital of the province,  we soon arrived at our destination.  Wc find here an ideal Avheat country,  a nice groAving town and prosperous,  hopeful  people.  "There arc some great hustlers  here among the farmers. To show  Aihat has already been accomplished  a feAV examples Avill suffice: P. W.  Larson, whose farm is 6 miles south  of town, raised last year 22,000 bushels of Avheat; Mills Bros., three miles  west, threshed the past season 30,000  Piracy and Murder  On the High Seas  Captain Kidd's Acts Are no  Worse  Than the Germans'  The story of the French schooner  "Lcontine" is a tale of modern piracy  and murder Avhich rivals any of the  iinauthcnticatcd history of Captain  Kidd. Here is Avhat happened on  the high seas on the morning of  March 25, 1917. The schooner "Leon-  line"  carrying  230    tons      of    mine  stakes left  France   on  March 23  at  Iavo  o'clock.   Tvvo   days  later  the  "Lcontine"   Avas   stopped  by  a    long  as final settlement  is  received. Fionu bushels  of wheat and .sold  same  for  the selling price 'the department aaHI  tctain only a sufficient sum to covei  actual expenses, Avhich it is anticipated A\ill approximate 1 cent per  pound.  In every case payment Avill be macie  according to grade, and as the grade  ol" avooI is largely affected by the  care of the sheep, flock owners would  do well to observe the suggestions  offered.  Transportation charges on all shipments should be prepaid to Winnipeg, but shipments from points haA--  ing no railway agent may be sent  freight collect. On. these the department will pay the freight, and  deduct the amount from the price  when making settlement.  Wool sacks, 40 inches wide . and  71-2 feet long, holding from 200 to  2*10 pounds of wool, can be_ nipplicci  through the department, delivered by  express or parcel post at a cost singly of SO cents each. Paper twine,  the proper twine for the tying of  fleeces, ��������� will' also be supplied at a  .charge of 1 cent per fleece. Any-  saving effected by the placing of  orders for sacks or tAA'ine in quantity  will be credited to the farmer's account. Cash for sacks or twine  should accompany orders. Sacks Avill  not be returned to the farmer.  $,40,000 cash.    Hugo Teitgcn had 22,  000    bushels.      T.     Torgcrson    had  $40,000 Avorth.-Wm.   Roavsc,    whose  farm is  15  miles northwest  of  toAvn,  had 90,000 bushels Avheat in 1915.  "There are others, large and small,  doing avcII, and still there is room  and Avclcome for more. Good land  can he had at $20 to $35 per acre.  "This toAA'n has three churches, and  a nice new two-storey brick school-  house. There arc several good stores,  four elcA'ators, and a telephone system reaching every farm house, good  Avater is obtained at 30 feet.  "Last, but not least, SaskathceAvan  has adopted prohibition. There are  no longer any open bars in this  country Avhere liquor is  sold.  "All told, Western Canada with its  healthful climate, good black soil,  good churches, and a school system,  second to none, offers ' happy and  prosperous homes to all."  What Kitchener Bid  Balk Up an Army Out of the Spirit  of Service and Enthusiasm  'Kitchener  built   up   his   armies  out  of the   spirit  of service  and  enthusiasm  and  resorted   to   conscription   to  keep  the armies going.   With  us, Ave  are  told, it should  be  the  other Avay  about;  avc should  begin-to  build our  iicav armies out of the slacker.  When  Kitchener accepted    conscription,    il  was   as   a   temporary   Avar     measure.  This   professional     soldier     certainly  could   have   had   no   empty   fears    of  -militarism.   Only  Kitchener,  being a  professional,   thought   coolly    instead  of in headlines. He would have been  incapable  of     extraordinary     reasoning Avhich maintains among us today  that   volunteer   service   will   not  give  us  a   fighting  arm)',   but   that  Roosevelt  can   take  a  volunteer     force    of  men, over and under the fixed volunteer age,  and   have   it   ready   for  the  trenches in a couple of months.  The  truth   is   that     Kitchener     faced    the  problem   not   only  as   a   soldier,    but  as  an   Englishman.   As   such   it  ivas  impossible   to   him   that     a     national  tradition bred into  the very bone   of  the people should crumble before the  first severe test.   A  professional   English  soldier  consented   only   with  reluctance to compromise a great civic  tiadition, and  then  only as  little    as  might be.���������New York Evening Post.  Few Insect Pests are Known  Green  Offenders Not Wanted in Army  It    is     alleged    in     Ottawa,    that  there is a growing tendency throughout - Canada    to    let      men      found  guilty of serious crimes enlist.  Sir Edward Kemy strongly deprecates this course of action as he  does not believe that such men make  dependable soldiers, and, moreover,  he does not consider that they are  welcomed in the ranks, " '  Wireworms,  Cutworms    and  Bug in Limited Numbers  In the West  Compared with other agricultural  regions, SaskatcheAvan enjoys an unusual immunity from insect pests,  there being only a half-dozen varieties of insects Avhich have ever done  any serious damage to  the'crops.  The most-spectacular, of course,  Avas the onslaught of grasshoppers or  locusts, which occurred about the  middle of June, 1886, Avhen SaskatcheAvan, in common with practically  the Avhole AA-estern prairie section of  the American continent Avas devasted  by these pests.  Gerald Willoughby, one of the old  timers in this section, recounted his  experienceswith the locusts, says the  Saskatoon  Star.  "It Avas the first year I tried to.  rais"c any crop. I had six acres of  wheat, as pretty as anything you eA-er  saAV. The locusts, in the flying stage,  hit it when it Avas just in the shot  blade, and there Avasn't enough of  that Avheat left  to fill  your  hat.  "There Avere more cattle in the  country then, and less crops. After  the locusts had finished the crops,  they took to the grass, but they  didn't make enough impression on  that to seriously interfere Avith grazing. Nevertheless, it was a hard year,  and I hope avc never see the plague  repeated."  Besides the locust, there are Avire  Avorms���������little animals Avhich attack  the Avheat in case it is planted the  first year after breaking. For this  reason, it has become customary in  most districts to soav flax on new  land. There is the Avheat saw-fly,  the larvae of Avhich get inside wheat  stems and Avork down, Avcakcning  the stem so that it breaks and falls  over. There is the Hessian fly,  Avhich has never been such a serious pest here as il has in some parts  of the United States. During recent  years there has been some trouble  with the "green bug", a species of  plant louse, which has done some  damage here as well as in the United  States. There are cutAvorms, also,  but these confine their activities  mainly to garden plants.  range shot from a German submarine. The crew, eight persons in all,  prepared to leaA'e the ship as the  captain rushed doAvn beloAV for the  schooner's papers. The submarine  approached and lay 300 metres aAvay,  her commander and creAV Avatching  all that Avas happening aboard the  "Lcontine."  Instead of allowing the unarmed  men to save themselves the submarine kept up a steady fire, deluging  the little ship with forty rounds of  shrapnel. The first feAV shots killed  four of the. crew and wounded the  other four, three seriously. The  "Lcontine" Avas a charnel house so  far as the human material aboard  could make it. Her captain, slightly  Avounded, as he attempted to mount  the bridge, returned to the deck and  courageously carried two of the victims to shelter forward. The "Leon-  tine" Avas now riddled like a sieve but  did not sink. The Germans then fired  incendiary shells which started a  fnc in the stern. The blaze, however,  as if fate had intervened, did not  spread. Immediately a boat left the  submarine and a party came abroad  to sink the "Lcontine with bombs.  Seeing that all the crew Avas either  killed or Avounded, the boarding party placed their bombs and prepared  lo leave. On the deck, the first mate  snd cabin boy, the latter a child of  tender years, fearing the explosions,  appealed to the enemy. Revolver  shots answered their appeals. Aboard  the submarine, the creAV which crowded its deck applauded this act Avith  laughter and shouts.  Shortly before the first bomb exploded aboard the "Lcontine" the  submarine turned and steamed to a  safer place. The explosion tore a  gaping hole in the vessel's side. The  first mate, avIio survived the double  injury, faintly called to the captain  that another bomb Avas about to explode. This bomb Avas hanging over  the side by a cord and the captain  cut the cord. The firs? bomb had  done the Avork. Water Avas lapping  the decks. The little ship AvalloAved  in the Avaves and a sudden gust of  Avind threw her strongly to port and  she  capsized immediately.  The survivors, four in number���������  captain, first mate, cabin boy and a  sailor ..whom .the captain aided to  hide himself Toward, were throAvn  into the sea but managed to keep  afloat on Avreckage which surrounded their-battered ship. By superhuman efforts they detached one of the  "Leontine's" boats and craAvled into  it. ���������    . .'-������������������ '    ',".'.-���������       ��������� -   '*  The boat battered; by shrapaeL  capsized. By this time the mate and  cabin boy. had succumbed, to their  Avounds. The hvb others craAA'led  atop the capsized boat -while.'the- captain, sumbmning all his strength, appealed by signals to the submarine  -Avhich lay some distance aAvay Watching the show. The answer; to this  Avas the training of the U-boat's deck  gun on the tAvo helpless .-..men.. No  shot Avas fired. The enemy probably  being content to let; the victims die  a sIoav death. The submarine then  cruised  heartlessly out of sight.  Four hours of intense suffering  passed before the. survivors Avere signalled and picked up by a. passing  ship. They are safely ashore today,  recovering and able to tell the tragic  story of modern heartless piracy.  Essentials  of  Community Growth  Every Person Must Be Interested in  Order to Obtain the Desired Results  ^ Speaking on the subject "Water a  Factor m Community Development,"  before the convention of the Western  Canada Irrigation Association at  Kamloops, B.C., Prof. W. S.  Thornber, Director Extension Service, State College of Washington,  made a point that many of the most  successful communities have developed, by turning their former misfortunes and failures to good account.  "The groAvth of a community is an  evolution of the largest kind, and  final development must not be expected in a year or even ten years,"  said Prof. Thornber, "In fact our  most successful communities have  been developed.out of a series of very  ladical changes. Rarely or ever docs  a community start at once in the developing of an industry that remains  the principal industry of the community. The history of the evolution  of some of our most successful agricultural communities shows that  their principal industry at the pres-  sent lime* is the result of a scries "of  misfortunes and failures," and Avhile  man thought he was the deciding factor he has proven to be only an incident in the development.  "If a community Avould be successful it must early in its development  learn that true meaning of co-operation. Community co-operation means  more than the mere getting together  of a feAV of the good business men  of the town. This cooperation must  include not only the business man,  the teachers, the preachers and the  fanners, but also the wives of these  men. Every person must be interested in some way or other the best  results   cannot   be  attained. It   is  absolutely folly for a feAV mefi to  endeavor to bear the load of a community Avhen all are to be benefited  by  the  development."  SeAren factors are necessary for  the proper development of the community, according to Prof. Thornber, and he enumerates them as follows:  1. The Productivity of the  Soil.  2. M.arket and Transportation Facilities.  3. Good Roads and Streets.  4. Good Schools and Churches.  5. An Intelligent Reading  People.  6. Suitable Parks and Recreation  Grounds.  7. Pleasant, Comfortable, Beautiful Homes.  These are conditions Avhich can be  found very generally in Western  Canada and it depends, perhaps, more  upon number five���������an intelligent  reading people���������than upon any other  circumstance just what Avill be the  development of the community. Nature has provided her share and success or failure depends on the people  themselves.  Rationing* Plan  For Britain  Canada's Heart and  Hand  Canada Proved Herself to    Be    the  Right Arm  of  Imperial  Dependence  The victory of the Canadians at  Viniy Ridge, with the taking of perhaps 4,000 prisoners, merely writes  one chapter more in the lengthening,  glorious story that began even before Yprcs. As Sir Thomas Tait has  been telling Philadelphians, the Canadians hold ten'miles of the front,  and arc ready to add 50,000 more to  the 300,000 men already sent from a  country Avith about the population of  Pennsylvania. Before the Avar some  of us may have imagined that Canada Avas lukewarm in her allegiance to  the Empire. When the hour struck,  Canada proved herself the right arm  of Imperial dependence. The national debt has risen from $42 to $96  per capita. lCvcry great city and  many'a tiny hamlet is a house of  mourning for the floAver of youth that  has fallen. Canada has Avilhheld  nothing. Yet such stories as Sir  Max Aitken and Colonel Currie have  put in print show that the modesty  of the men of the Dominion and of  the CroAvn Colony, of Newfoundland  has been equal to their valor; They  have made the supreme sacrifice with  light hearts���������they have gone to their  "rendezvous Avith death" often Avith a  laugh and a song. The AA'orld cannot  forget them or their inspiring pattern  of heroism.���������Philadelphia  Ledger.  Don't, pattern after the busy little  bee in letting the other felloAv cat all  your, honey.  Caring for   the  Wounded  Increasing Number of Disabled Canadian Soldiers Being Cared  for Here t-  More than tAvice as many disabled  Canadian soldiers are now being cared fpr by the Military Hospitals  Commission as were on the rolls at  NeAv Year.  A year.ago the total Avas ���������about  1,530. By December 2 the figure had  risen to 2,634. Then came a slight  ebb, to 2,404 at Christmas. The tide  has since been flowing strongly,-and  ���������high-water mark was reached on  April 15 Avith a total of 5,677, in spite  of the hundreds discharged in the  meanAvhile.  Of course, this influx-is not the  effect of recent fighting. It means  that a large number of Canadians,  Avounded or otherwise invalided  months ago, have sufficiently recovered in England to be sent home  for the completion of their cure in  Canada. ���������.'..:-.. '���������';  Nearly all of the recent arrivals  have been convalescents. The^ Canadian medical authorities in England  have not yet found it practicable to  send over any large number of "bed  cases."  ���������One object, of such a transference  would be to make more room in oversea hospitals for men falling in the  great military operations of the_ present year. Happily our casualties in  the new campaign -so far have been  less heavy than' had been feared���������this  being largely the result of the efforts of munition A*--orkers both here  and in the motherland. Every extra  shell turned out has meant the sav-  ing of  Canadian lives.  The number of Avounded, of course,  must iioav be expected to rise, as the  fighting goes on.. But the medical  force in England is better able to  deal Avith them than it ever was. The  shipment of thousands of convalescents lo Canada and the return of an  increasing percentage of cured men  to the front, have reduced the number of Canadian invalids in England  from 20,256 on October 20,. 1916, to  14,545 on March 30, 1917. The latest  total is made up thus: In Canadian  hospitals, 8,926, sliOAving a reduction  of 261; in sanatoria for consumptives  92, a reduction of 13; in British hospitals 5,527, a  reduction of 5,437.  Vast Army of Officials to Attend io  Scheme With Their Regular Duties  Whether the people of the United  Kingdom will respond to the appeal  for voluntary bread and Avheat flour  rationing embodied in King George's  recent, proclamation and in posters  and pamphlets issued by the ministry on food, remains to be seen, but  in the meantime the ministry is Avorking at high pressure to put the finishing touches on the machine which  av'11 be established for compulsory  rationing unless the country cuts  down on consumption sharply of its ,  OAvn volition.  The  rationing  of 45,000,000  people  presents  a  tremendous   ar.d. intricate  problem.  The ministry,  however, be,-  jieves   that  it  Avill   be  largely  solved  in  the  scheme  evolved.     Bearing in  mind Germany's rationing plan Avhich '  is said to be a complete failure, Baron  Devonport, food controller, has tinned to the Avell night perfect organization developed by Herbert C.  Hoover,  chairman  of the commission    for  relief in Belgium, for guidance.    The  different conditions prevailing in Belgium ^and   England,, of course,  make *  it    impossible    to    use   the   Belgian-  scheme as' a Avhole, but the food controller   has     secured   valuable     hints  from it. "  The main idea of the British plan  is decentralization. The whole United Kingdom has been divided into  15 areas, each,of Avhich has been subdivided into cities, boroughs, urban  district councils and rural district  councils'. These' final small unit*),  will be charged with disti ibuting  bread and flour to the residents in  their territory through bread cards  or some similar plan.  A rationing committee, composed  of Baron Devonport, Kennedy Jones,  and other prominent men, would decide Avhat rations Avere to be established, Avhat divisions there Avould be *  of the population into classes and  other like questions. Another advisory committee would handle t ie  finances and a further committee under Lord St. Davids controls the  millers.  A vast army of something b'kc 50,**  000 _people, composed principally of  officials, Avill assume the rationing  work in addition to .their regular duties, and be .under the direction of  Alfred Butt, Avho is Avell known on  both sides of the Atlantic-as a theatrical magnate. Mr. Butt has been  studying the food rationing question  for some months, and becomes chief  director under the nCAv" scheme.  Fifteen areas Avould soon have a  controller who would be responsible  to the national rationing committee.  Each major area also Avould have  many minor controllers, who Avould  govern the Avorkers assigned to distributing food. It will take about Iavo  months to instruct those avIio are  being appointed by the food coiv^..,  troller in their duties as rationcrs.  This would be about the_ middle of  July, and by then it is expected that  the people of the country Avill have  given evidence as to Avhethcr they  are going to comply with the voluntary rationing plan. Harvest conditions and the amount of imports  available also Avill be a factor in determining whether - the rationing  scheme  shall be put into  operation.  Alberta's Coal Resources  "Why do you dislike your teacher  so, Willie?" asked his mother. "I  don't exactly dislike her, mother," re.  plied Willie, "but it's perfectly plain  to me why she never got married."  The Second Largest Coal Producing  Province of Canada  Alberta is iioav the second largest  coal-producing province of Canada.  Probably 60 per cent, of the total  deposits of the Dominion are to be  found within the boundaries of the  province of Alberta, buj/'iip to the  present time, have >not' been touched  ���������to"any appreciable extent. The reason for' this is, of course, the small  home trade, the total population' of  the__wcstcrn provinces of Canada  which are supplied from tlie-Alberta  fields being less than- two millions.  At the same time, Southern Alberta  is withbi economic shipping distance  of a population of over*'twenty millions in the United Stales, south of  the international boimdary, a market  which consumes fully one hundred  million tons of coal annually, considerable of it being of a poor quality produced locally. -Alberta coal  is of high quality, practically every  variety, bituminous, anthracite and  lignite varieties being mined. Last  year nearly five million tons of coal  Avere produced in Alberta, and it is  apparent that as the years go by the  mining industry will, after agriculture, become one of the most important in the province. . The actual  amount of the coal deposits have  been estimated at from 50 to 90 billion tons.  Waste Is Now a Crime  Waste���������whether it consists in over*  feeding or the throAving aAvay of  "scraps"���������is a crime, against the  State, the community and the individual, Avherevcr it be practised, in  public or private. If that "conviction  can be brought home to masters and  mistresses, as well as to servants, we  can rest in full'assurance that our  fighting men at sea and on the various fronts Avill not fail in profiting by  the comparatively slight sacrifice required from those living in the security of these islands.��������� London  Daily Telegraph.  i  ,<<\  ' t-is 'Aft T*r  \������fy&}  ;  - e"      '-���������'*       *.-J" ,7"-) , <��������� ,, -/ -.      j, .   i  ���������* r -  -    ,       **-,      A      .*.   h.   ,  ���������a-'ri;  * C **  to-:/ -  W  rffe  tea  ] *������������������*������  f  7f- *  Ife't'-ifi'  if.''  ���������f-*Mv-fi  k  v,������  i "  -THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,-   B.      C.  Protection  For the Birds  .Value-of Bird Life  to  the  Country  Should be Better Understood  The   little    feathered-    visitors     of  summer days will soon',appear. Then  can, we  again, listen  to  those-warbl-  -.    i������g, notes, from-.the myriad-voices of  prima donnas and 'master vocalist's of  ^ihe. tree branches, a chorus returned  .   from  their winter .sojourn    in" some  ,   .sunny, clime  or distant    island,    and  perhaps -high above  the roar of . the  sea ���������'storm have    winged    their . Avay  ���������back'.  When the leaves arc-bursting forth,  .   *the birds have commenced to gather  material  for  the    making    of     their  ' nests.    - And  Avhat'.AVonderful     creations these snug abodes are, built of  , Jiay and hair with diligence,, searched  'for by  the" winged "mechanics".���������'   We  ,     observe  the bird's activity'al fork of  ,    'limbs,  out upon a  branch,  perchance  within  a  cavity of the;trunk.     Such  "ingenuity of structure and design representing the skilled labor of God's  little,   feathered    architects.   " Other  bird domiciles may be noticed in'the  ,   sand banks, amid-the  Avoodwork " of  bridges, hidden, amongst the grass or  out.of the Avay' nooks and.corners.  Nests "of birds should never be disturbed. Xo-destroy- the eggs, or put  - lo death fledglings retards a feature  Avithout the agency of which this  Dominion of Canada* could not  thrive.' . - ,  During    recent    yca~rs    a    marked  ���������change  of opinion    has  taken,   place  concerning  the   utility  of.bird     life.  The intense value of such has become  Avidely  recognized.     Even  within    a  .    comparatively  recent  period,   the  little  feathered denizens flitting    about  ihe fields and woods, were considered  _ .of small value and Avere the recipient  of  condemnation  as  a  nuisance.     If  bird  fife   Avere  properly  understood,  ���������   Jcav girls-and boys would condescend  to,rob the nests  of eggs or kill  the  young.    A subject'of highly.intercsl-  rng,study is to Avateh the nest build-  ���������   er  conveying    and. piecing    together  li'atciial   for an' abode.     Is   not   this  .   s'cti-vity a portrayal of patience and a  marvellous  display of..skilled    work-  ,-manship? ,    _  The amount, of benefit attributable  to_ bird life is beyond comprehension.  W.ere- these busy-little foragers not  present in rural surroundings, insects  of many species craAvling and other-  -Avise, Avould destroy,all" crops..and  -vegetable groAvth. Il~ would not be  .possible for trees to flourish, the  - sOAving of grain could produce no results,-gardens and lawns in cities and  iOAvns Avould resemble bare palches.  As a ploughman turns over the stubble or other land, flocks'' of small  birds Avill be observed Ifopping along  the furroAVS in quest of grubs, beetles  and-other pests. Of such' baneful  -character are these pests, that avc  learn from' eminent authorities if bird  life Avas not present, the continent of  North America-Avould within a few  years be devoid of" every form of  tree, grain, vegetable or floAver  groAvth. Therefore, it behoves us-to  cio everything possible lo afford the  birds every protection. The environments of our homes would appear  itrangc if little bird voices Avere not  ' heard chirping.  The man, woman or child avIio confines Avithin a cage any bird other  than such of domestic species, deserves the respect of no person. This  sentiment the Avriter feels assured  Avill be re-echoed by every lover and  protctor of bird life. It is not possible to conceive a more cruel action  .than that of preventing a little feathered,summer visitant Avhich has journeyed thousands of miles to our  country, from the enjoyment of perfect liberty.  Boys and girls of Canada,, please  protect the' birds! Small as these  feathered creatures are, much useful  work is accomplished that no other  agency '������������������ could ���������'���������perform,:���������J.' D. A.  Evans.  U. S. Spy Hunters  and  -i' "  Five Hundred /Thousand    Men  Women Now Aiding the  Secret Service  Virtually the entire force of the  United States government's civilian  employe.es, approximately 500,00 men  and Avomen, has, been summoned  to "aid. the secret service in the detection of spies. ;The government has  sought also acti'veco-operation of the  police and detective forces of every  tOAvn and -city - of consequence  throughout the country. Letters requesting such co-operation have been  mailed broadcast by the Department  of Justice, and replies pledging unstinted aid are coming back in great  n.imbers.  But the largest single force which  the government .has enrolled for the  hunting down of spies, is the army  of postmasters. Under the postmasters arc -working the letter carriers  iu the.cities and the rural free '-delivery carriers in the country, a force  all told, of "about 300,000 men.  Since the w~ar, began the-allied governments have" spent in'the United  -States on munitions and raAV material  alone about $2,500,000,000���������rather over half being for munitions and rather under half for,raw material..Some  75 per cent, of this sum, or nearly  $2,000,000,000, has been disbursed on  the advice and .under the guidance, of  Morgan & Company. No firm iii the  .whole history, of commerce has ever  been placed with such a task?'  Danger from Rust  Seldom That    Two*    Rusted    Years  Come in Sequence  The following bulletin sent out by  Prof. E. M. Freeman, plant pathologist, Minnesota experiment station  university farm, S.t. Paul, will be  read Avith interest:  Many    farmers in   Minnesota    and  the northwest are perhaps hesitating |  to plant Avheat because of the    poor l !=."*",*  ��������� -  *     -        .-ii    . *>m._l ideal  Improving Dairy Herds  Government Taking Strict. Measures  to Eradicate Tuberculosis  The-Dominion government is taking right .'measures to eradicate  tuberculosis among the dairy herds  in Canada.. With its increasing live  stock population this question is a  vital one to the Avest,-and yet one.to  which lew private owners of ��������� herds  . have paid any great attention. The  government has recognized that the  dairy man is too little encouraged  to purge his herd of all those'which  le-act under the tuberculin test, and  according to a dispatch from OttaAva, not only ���������Al they deal more  strictly with cases detected, but they  will give compensation to the- owners of animals  slaughtered.  Where cattle have been destroyed  for open tuberculosis, the Dominion  government will refund to the owner  one-half of the value, and where the  animal has been slaughtered at the  request of the owner, 'the government will refund tAvo-thirds of its  value. By an order-in-council passed  lately the government Avill in future  license all dairies, and will refuse  license to all dairies failing to conform to a certain standard. Dairies  receiving milk from herds containing  reactors will be prohibited from selling that milk until it has been pas-  turized.���������Free Press.  crop Avhich they had last year. The  great loss in last year's crop was due  to-two things���������rust and hot winds.  What are the chances for another  sc-A-ere rust epidemic this year? They  depend upon several things but  chiefly on the weather. Let me briefly explain first that rust of wheat is  a living parasite and this parasite is  affected by the weather" just as are  other plants like wheat and corn. If  the Aveather is right for rust, the rust  groAvs, fast and kills .or .injures the  Avheat. Noav, if the weather bureau  could only telPus for certain just  what the weather is going to be during June and "July we could foretell  fairly Avejl Avhether or not there was  going to be rust���������but neither the  '.-.���������ealher_bureau nor anyone else can  foretell the Aveather so far ahead. As  far_ as the farmer is concerned, the  Aveather is ahvays a matter of chance  What are the chances of tAvo rust  years folloAving in succession? Records , show that rust epidemics seldom if ever come in succession. In  fact,> they have only occurred about  once in five to ten years. There Avas  a great epidemic in 1904 and a pretty severe attack in 1911. The last  year's (1916) epidemic Avas probably  the" most severe of any knoAvn in the  last 25 years. The 1905 crop and the  .1912 crops Avere not severly attacked  by rust. Every farmer must take his  chances on the weather Avith every  crop. If the Aveather behaves as it  has in the past, the chances are that  there will be no rust epidemic this  year. Even in some so-called rust  years good average"crops have been  groAvn, as the folloAving figures for  spring Avheat in the northwest show-  Spring Avheat average production���������  1904, heavy rust, 12.8 bushels per  acre; 1905, little or no rust, 14.7  bushels per acre; 1911, fairly heavy  rust, 9.4 bushels per acre; 1912, rust  only in spots, 17.2 bushels per acre.  Don't let rust scare you out of  planting'wheat. The chances are  against the rust. Grow all the Avheat  you can grow because you probably  have a-better chance, as far. as  Aveather is ^concerned, than the rust.  You can, moreover, help in checking rust by observing the following:  Plant early varieties-���������they - often  get ahead of the  ritst.  Soav seed early���������to get ahead of  the rust.  Dig out every "common" barberry  bush in the neighborhood. The common  barberry bush harbors rust.  A Pathetic Story  A Woman Who   Had  Never Heard  of the  Crucifixion  Arthur W. Spalding has found a  grown-up Avhite woman, uneducated,  but of more than average intelligence, in the North Georgia mountains, who has never heard of the  crucifixion of Christ.  He tells a pathetic story of her  comment.  The circuit-riding minister, visiting  the little family for the first time, told  the story of the Cross. They follow  ed it Avith rapt faces, and when he  concluded the woman, leaning to-  Avard him, whispered hoarsely:  "Stranger, Avhen did you say all  this happened?"  "A long time ago," he ansAvered���������  "nearly tAvo thousand years."  "And they nailed him to that ther'  tree Avhen he hadn't done nothing to  hurt 'em���������only jest loved 'em?"  "Yes."  She leaned further and placed her  hand impressively on his knee. "Wal,  Peace River Country  Agricultural "and  Mineral  Wealth  oi  New District is Amazing  From, the trenches in France, on  the day before he was killed by a  snipers bullet, a splendid young fel-  ow from Vancouver, but who had  been born and educated in the East,  .wrote:  "I have seen a lot of the Avorld, but  liavc not made much of my life. This  is the only real thing I have ever  done. But AA'hen it is over I am going back to Canada, and to the Peace  River country, the best part of the  best l.and on earth."  I do not know if he had decided  upon his future home before leaving  Canada. Perhaps the thought of  these immense stretches of silence,  ot the illimitable forests, of the great-  rivers flowing outward to the sea,  may have been very pleasant' when  contrasted with the battle scarred  face of the*country in Avhich he Avas.  Laurie Avas ever an idealist, AA'as one  even in his* school days, and it may  be that the name, Peace River Country, had something to do with what  he wrote in that letter. If so, his  idealism became realism, for he, with  .many other of our boys,- have gone  -to the Peace River country, though  not lo the great Canadian district  which bears that name.  Mr. Malcolm J. Campbell, a true  pioneer of the North country, at present living at Grande Prairie, Alfa*;  says:     ���������  "The Peace River country is the  first'place that looked like home to  me. I have seen rrrany delightful  sections of country in my travels, but  have never yet seen a land with such  promise and so rich in natural re  sources as that part of British Col  umbia known as the Peace River  Block. No more fertile lands lie-out  of doors than are found in the valleys tributary to the Peace; there is  an abundance of mineral Avealth;  game abounds and the climate is  The  snow generally    disap  End of Germany's   Dream  Realization   of   the    Onci   Dazzling  Prospect is Now Impossible  The great ,adventure is over. The  Avar may, despite the submarine, go  on for a considerable time. It may  last until Europe is bled white and  exhaustion becomes the price of  peace.     But the glittering mirage of  Trained Men  On the Farm  Can    the  Witb  Farmers ��������� Dispense  Skilled Labor?  The    London  Times  has    directed  the    attention      of    enthusiastic pat-  world dominion to be won, as Silesia I f"?i?/������f "Jf  ft?*" of denuding the  was won a century and three-quartersi {* ?" ������f a11 skl������ed men.    There may  ago, by a generation of extraordinary  ,i, *?������" rOCI? for,,fear   ,est Canada  > I should  run     heiself    short    of  farm  preparation and one great and unex  pected thrust, has faded before our  eyes. The vision of a Germany  stretching from the' -English channel  to the Persian gulf, and bound together by a "Bagdad-Bahn" which  should run from a, German AntAverp  to a German Basorah, is iioav as  much a part of the world's great fiction as the travels of Sinbad the Sailor or the tale of the, Second Calendar. Above all-the iridescent dream  of a Avorld whose destinies should  hang upon the'word of a llohenzol-  lern is al an ������nd. For, whatever delusions may still be cherished by the  authors of the great design, or the  credulous souls who Avere lured into  seconding this magnificent ambition,  Avhalf.ver the outcome of the Avar or  the settlements devised by diplomats,  one result of the pa3t tAvo-years and  a half has made the realization of  this dazzling prospect impossible. It  is the revelation of the Prussian  mind. Such, after iavo years and a  half of conflict, is the dominant note  help, in the, general anxiety to do  everything possible to win the war.  Ihe article in the' Times is at  any rate, sufficiently enlightening of  conditions in Great Britain, to make  it well worthy of the attention of  ) our readers.  *kto?JmiaS a"d farm work arc  skilled   occupations,    and    are     now  generally recognized as such. In so  ,ai, as ...skill! is concerned-, farming  does iio differ from other industries. J he personal factor shows it-  *������������.It in various forms in all branches  ol husbandry. For the moment it is  abor rather than competent direc-  'lon that engages attention by reason   of  us   scarcity   and   inefficiency.  i������ , JlK g,e fTr01n the" way in which  '-'re land has been denuded of skilled  v.orkers inability to appreciate the  va.ue of training obtains 'in quarters  wlicre something" different might  have been expected. The principle  or dilution -aas as sound in respect  to agriculture as to munitions, that  the    number    of    skilled  hands   was  of    anti-German   literature.��������� Wilbur! ^\,~r.~ri'"u~~',    "��������� ,-"���������*      ~     *      ���������<      -*������������������*-���������-  n---:-��������� I,"licady  barely  in   excess   of  rcquire-  pears by March 10, and seeding is in  ful.l-SAving by April 1.  _ "I first visited the north country  six years ago when, with tAvo companions, I made' the trip by dog  team from Athabasca Landing to  Fort St. John, and back most of the  way on foot after the spring chinooks  had cleared off the siioav.  "It seems strange iioav to think  Iioav quickly the trip can be made,  and how comfortably, compared with  our overland journey of 1911. The  trains of the Edmonton, Dunvegan  & British Columbia Railway noAV run  to Grande^ Prairie City, and the trip  is made in a little over a day. We  were many weeks covering the same  distance. At Lesser'Slave Lake Ave  left the last traces of civilization, and  from there took' the Avinter trail to  Grande Prairie via Sturgeon Lake.  Crossing Grande Prairie Ave pushed  on .to Pounce Coupe, which is in-the  southeast corner of the Peace River  Block. From there Ave travelled in a  nortliAvesterly direction, reaching  Fort St. John, the first of February"  "Noav much of this north land is  under cultivation. With the comple  tion 'of the Pacific Great Northern  Raihvay, much more of it will be  available.  As far as British Columbia is concerned this district means a block of  fertile land 600 miles long by 299 in  ^Avidth. And it is all Avheat land  | Also every other crop that can be  produced in temperate climates, with  the exception of some of the less  hardy fruits, can be produced here  successfully.  Good roads are being constructed  by the governments of Alberta and  of British Columbia, but so far the  former province has -devoted more  attention to the district than has the  latter.  Many prosperous settlers are now  scattered throughout the DaAvson  Valley and SAvan Lake sections.  StocK raising and grain groAving, receive most attention, and many fine  herds arc being established. There  are thousands of acres, yes, htm  dreds of square miles, of gently rolling, park-like lands a Availing only  the coming of the railroad to turn  them into Avaving fields of grain.  AAvay to the west of. Pounce Coupe  there arc large stretches of heavily  forested country containing, the best  of mcrcantable timber.  The mineral Avealth is amazing,  and the surface of the ground has  scarcely been scratched. There arc  great sections of northeastern British Columbia that have not even been  prospected. Coal is there in abundance; Avater'power is available at every turn, and I venture to state that  no section of Canada is so rich in natural resources as the Peace River  district of British Columbia and Alberta.  C.  Abbott in the Yale RevieAv.  Crush Britain at Any Price  Prof.     Ernst    Haeckel's    Deliberate  Opinion of the Germans'  Goal  The Exchange Telegraph's correspondent says the German ministry of  finance publishes the folloAving letter, written by Professor Ernst Hein-  rich Haeckel, Professor of Zoology  in the University of Jena, as propaganda for the sixth German Avar loan:  "You have asked my opinion of  this cruel world Avar. My answer,  founded on" the Avords of our three  greatest heroes, von Hindenburg,  Ludendorff and -von Tirpitz, is  'Doavii  Avith  England at any price.'  "Should England, avIio brought  about this war, and is now succeeding in her design of getting the Avhole  world against us, \A'in the Avar, there  Avould folloAV a British peace and  the destruction of our dear Fatherland. It would be finis for Gernian-  ia. England is rightly called "The  destroyer of peoples." She aaHI treat  us as she has treated Ireland.  "I have known England for fifty  years, and still admire .her for her  great cultural and scientific Avork.  but I have also known Britain's  swelled-headedness. Some of our  sentimental Germans ��������� believe an understanding is still possible Avith our  most cruel enemy. It is impossible.  Only Avhen our U-boats have succeeded in breaking and bringing Britain to her knees shall we get the  peace desired by Germany. Therefore Ave must all subscribe to the war-  loan."  .   Girls who  can't cook: should    look|"s'trarigcr>'  she  said,  the  tears  stand  hil "frying pan?P ' n-atrimon-j tingin her eyes, "kt's hope it ain't  Paper Scarce in Britain  The shortage of paper in Britain  is noAV appreciated in the Canadian  camps. Military officers' orders are  issued on half sheets, note paper only  to be used where the letter is unlikely to extend over such space. Smaller size than foolscap must be -used  Avhenevcr possible. Letters to headquarters need no longer be sent in  duplicate and triplicate, except under  special circumstances. Colored attached slips and such are to be dispensed Avith whenever possible. Envelopes are to be sparingly used.  When a man shows a Christian  spirit in an argument things are coming his way-  Manitoba Is Big:  Butter Exporter  Shipped Two Million Pounds During  Past Twelve Months���������Other  Dairy Products  Geo. W. Batho, of the publications branch of Manitoba department  of agriculture states that the dairy  industry of Manitoba has had a banner year, that the creameries of the  province, nearly forty in number,  running all Avinter Avith feAV exceptions and that a good supply of  cream .was still coming in despite the  late, cold spring. All. of this is exceptional in Manitoba.  During the last 12 months the  province has exported 81 carloads of  butter, or nearly 2,000,000 pounds.  Most of it has gone east but a good  deal of it has gone Avest. The dairy  industry AA'as never before on such a  good footing in the province, Mr.  Batho says.  The cheese industry has also taken  a remarkable advance since the war  began. There Avas a time when over  a million pounds of cheese Avere made  in this province but the production  slumped to as Ioav as a little over  400,000 pounds in 1913. In 1916 the  production soared again to nearly  900,000 pounds.  Mr. Batho is mailing 20,000 circulars ou dairying. These Avill be  distributed to creamery patrons Avith  their pay checks. The circular, Avhich  was prepared by L. A. Gibson, Manitoba's dairy supervisor, gives much  information on the care of cream and  the production of milk.���������Free Press.  Vanity of a Cow  "Look here," cried the irate farmer, rushing into the country store,  "I wish you'd be more careful Iioav  you chuck things over the counter.  You gave me perfume yesterday instead of liniment, an' I'd put it on the  blessed   coav 'fore  I  knowed."  "I hope it hasn't done her any  harm," said the storekeeper in a mollifying tone.  "HarmI" snapped the farmer* "That  'ere cow won't cat hoav nor allovv  herself to be milked. The only thing  she does is to sigh the whole day  long and go and look at her reflection in the pond."���������Baptist Watchman-Examiner.  ments.  "The vital importance of experience in such operations as ploughing, sowing, shepherding and the care  of slock eanot easily be unduly emphasized. As regards field work it ii  not only in the control or use of the  implements that skill exerts itself,  ah hough here its results are important; the effect upon the horses  is as sensitive to proper management  and handling as the most " delicate  machine and the farmer, even if ha  Avere willing to entrust the plough or  the drill to the novice, w'buld' pardonably hesitate to commit his valuable  animals���������and at present all horses  are valuable���������to the care of inexperienced men or women. Apart from  the fact that on most farms there  are young animals to be broken in  and others of a spirited or nervous  temperament that reauire careful  handling, the health anel fitness of the  teams for their duties depend upon  their management in  the  stable.  "The   care   of horses  is   essentially  a  task  for a competent man.'.or avo-  rnan, for the diet has to be regulated  Avith a  proper  understanding of    tho  requirements .of the  teams    in    general  and  often   of individual   animals  in  particular.   It is  not too much  to  say that  Avherever horses    are    con-  ���������cerne.d���������iti the stable,.in the field, or  on  the  road���������"dilution   of labor must  be effected '.'with, the utmost discrimination,   not   in   the   interest   of    the  farmer  only but  equally in  that    of  the nation, since, in reference to food  production, the tAvo are synonymous-  In  the  field skill  behind  the  plough  or  the drill makes  for. efficiency    in  production.   Given horses  of'.suitable)  temperament  beginners   can    harrow  and roll as avcII as those whose places  they  take,   but   the   other   operations  mentioned belong lo a different category and not only provide  scope for  the exhibition of skill, but,  conversely,  present  easy  possibilities  for demonstrations of the error "of entrusting them to the inexperienced.  * "Inexperienced    Avorkers     will    be  able to  render  useful   service  at the  homestead  and, in    the   management  of cattle, pigs, poultry and so  forth;  but  in  all   cases     tl-je     cptiseque!jc,e*s_  would be  problematical  unless;    they"  are  placed under  competent  supervision.   Only those thoroughly conversant with   the subject  can  appreciate  at its value the importance of knoAvl-  edge and discretion in the feeding of  liA'e   stock.     The   owner  of   valuable  stock knows that the best results are  pot obtained by extravagance in feeding.  A skilled herdsman  who makes  a minute    study    of   the   preferences  and   needs   of  individual   animals    is  not  always  to be  round,  but' '*is example is Avorth keeping in mind and  the further it is departed from, cither   in   lavishncss,   stinting,   or   irregularity, makes the emulation of his attainments in economic  result  proportionately remote."���������Montreal Family  Herald. '  Raising a Mollycoddle  "My nephew, Leslie PostlcAvaita  Snicker, Avas his mother's pride and  joy," said old Polk N. Prodd* "When  he was small she dressed him in  dainty garments until it Avas hard to  determine whether- he was his  mamma's precious pet or a performing monkey.  "As Leslie greAV up she selected his  neckties and his associates and gratified his every Avish, until he became  as pronounced a sissy and painful  sight as I ever Avitncssed. And then  he married a square-shouldered  young AvidoAA', Avith four children and  red hair, and never kneAV Avhat struck  him."���������Judge.  Doctor���������My dear sir, you must  give your Avife some considerable  change at once.  Husband���������Can't do it doctor;  you've got it  all.  Patient���������Well, now   you    can give  me gas.  Dentist���������The tooth is out, my deal  sir.  Patient���������Yes; but it's  fee that hiirta.  paying    the*  11  ���������1  I  M A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  E"MM   " -tt��������� ���������ip������...���������    n^ii.f.i ��������������������������������������������� ..������������������������������������ ������������������������������������i wwcmi'h   ��������� ������������������������������������*������������������ i ���������*��������� n    m m m      .mi    ,t   . ���������������������������������** I     'WH  18 CENTS PER PL8JG  (t  MAID  J!V  ^  l. g. moberly  WARD, LOCK & CO.. LIMITED  London. Melbourne, ������nrl Toronto  in   a   roll   of'the   clowns1    ,ibove  Prologue  CHAPTER I. ��������� ���������  .The Accident  ������������������The autumn night Avas stormy and  wild; a A'eritable hurricane blew bver  the downs; it Avas a night of storm  and tempest. Above the great .���������'-.stretches', of doAvnlaud, scurrying masses  of clouds raced across the sky; the  moon, struggling fitfully noAV and  again through the clouds, poured a  thin Avhite radiance upon the earth  bcloAV. Under the racing clouds, and  the fitful radiance of moonlight, '.he  c'.OAA'ns looked very desolate���������wide  reaches of close-cropped grass, that  seemed to stretch into infinity, range  after range-of-swelling uplands, their  bare outlines only occasionally %'ari-  cd by clumps of pine trees that SAvay-  ed and creaked in the Avild blast of  October.  On that storniy night the long  lanes that led from the sheltered valleys to the doAvn top were very lonely. No; one abroad avIio' could possibly be within sheltering AA'alls, and  even the shepherds and others AA'hosc  rvork led them on to.thc uplands had  long since gone home to the scattered cottages AA'hich lay under the  shelter of the great hillsides.  The doctor from Lonsbury, Guy  'J hornton, as he drove slowly up one  of these long lanes, drcAV his coat  collar closely up to his chin and his  cap further doAvn over his ears, before flicking his mare gently -ivith the  whip ^ j  "Come along, old lady," lie said iu  his pleasant voice Avhich never failed  lo appeal to, both man and beast.  "We Avant to gel home before midnight. Put your best foot forvrard;  the doAvns are not pleasure grounds  tonight, and I don't like them any  more than you do."  Sheila pricked up her ears. It almost seemed as though she understood her master's Avords, and during  the next Icav moments she raced up  the lane much as the clouds were  racing OA'erhcad. The Aviud tore,  across the uplands with shrieks and  ivailings, and as Thornton's dogcart  left the shelter of the deep hedges  and emerged upon a more open  stretch of road, a wild gust nearly  snatched the cap from his head, and  made his slightly-built cart savhv mi-  '-steadily.  "What a night! "What a night," he  "muttered, his eyes looking from the  line of doAvns to the ragged clouds  overhead. "And Avhat a profoundly  desolate place for a house," he added  as his glance fell upon a lighted Avin-  .���������  Mrs.     QuinnV    Experience  Ought to Help You Over  the Critical Period.  Lowell, Mass.���������"For the last three  years I have been troubled with the  Change of Life and  the bad feelings  common at that  time. I wa3 in a  very nervous condition, with headaches  and pain a good  deal of the time so I  Avas unfit to do my  Avork. A friend  asked me to try  Lydia E. Pinkham's  Vegetable Com-  Jpound, which I did,  and it has helped me in every Avay. I  am not nearly so nen-ous, no headache  or pain. I must say that Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable Compound is the  best remedy any sick woman can take."  ���������Mrs. Margaret Quinn, Rear 259  Worthen St.{ Lowell, Mass.  Other warning symptoms aro a sense  of suffocation, hot flashes, headaches,  backaches, dread of impending evil,  timidity, sounds fn the ears, palpitation  of the heart, sparks before the eyes,  irregularities, constipation, variable  appetite, weakness", Inquietude, and  dizziness.  ' If you need special advice, write to  the Lydia E. Pinkham .Medicine Co.  (confidential), Lynn, Mass.  W.      N.      U.      1161  do.Av  him. , '  ���������'"Who   can 'haA'e     chosen .such     a  place.    And why?" "     ^  The road he Avas now traversing  was.'"unknown ground to';the doctor.  True, lie Ha-ccI only a Icav miles'away  in the toAvn of Lonsburj', Avhere Ire  had one of the biggest practices in  the neighborhood; but hitherto his  work bad newer taken him along, the  lanes he AA'as traversing' tonight, and  he. had not before penetrated into this  lonely district amongst the doAA'.ns.  He looked Avilh some curiosity a|  the house of which he had just caught  sight, a house set back against, the  dark hillside, "in one of the most deserted parts of the doAvns. The moon,  at that moment pushing through a  torn fringe of clouds, shronc full upon it, and showed a -white - stone  building, in which only one window  was lighted; but the AvindoAVAvas; a  very large one, fillliug almost the  Avhole side of the. house,"which," excepting for that stream of light, appeared to be in total darkness.  "A" light, set on a hill," Thornton  said to himself, his eyes still watching the stream of light from the  great AvindoAV. "It's a queer place to  haA'e chosen for a house, remote as  it is from everything' but the raihvay  cutting." ,��������� .-'....' ..::..,..  He turned as he spoke, and glanced  doAviiAA'ards; on his left, Avhere in the  moonlight the. railAA'ay lines gleamed  Ai'hitely for a moment, and then were  hidden again as the clouds once more  raced across the moon. At the same  instant a sharp palter of rain began  to : fall, and ���������'���������Thornton bent his head  as the raindrops stung his face and  the tearing Aviud flung itself upon him  .with:'a', renewed' shriek.of fury.   .  "By Jove! I AA-ish Mr..'Marstcad,  whoever he may be, hadn't sent foi  me tonight," Thornton -. thought.  whilst-he..set."his-.teeth., grimly v and  gripped the reins -with' numbed fingers. "One wouldn't Avant a dog to be  out in such Aveather! Good Heavens!  What Avas that?" "* '":''"���������'   "'";"  Iiis thoughts ended in the abrupt  question, as a sudden sound struck  upon his cars, a sound so startling  so prodigious that Sheila, usually the  gentlest of marcs, stopped short Avith  a jerk that nearly Hung her master  out of the cart, then stood shiA-ering  and whinnying in a pitiably terrified  condition.  But her master Avas scarcely les  startled and horrified than his faithful beast. The sudden, ghastly crash  AA'hich had even drowned the noise of  the hoAvling Avind, that terrific rush  of escaping steam, those cries of fear  and agony that all at'once, uprose on  the CA'ening air, could only mean one  thing; and, fastening the reins to the  scat, Thornton sprang to the ground,  and having spoken a Avord of comfort  to Sheila hurried to the edge of the  railway cutting.  Though lie Avasted no time in trying to master the, details of-what; he  saw, the scene that'met his eyes will  be stamped on his; brain to his dying  day. A train, avmcIi a feAV seconds  earlier must have emerged from the  black mouth of the tunnel yaAvning  behind it, lay Avrecked across the  lines; The engine Avas half way up  the bank, steam escaping from it in  huge clouds, with a rushing sound  AA'hich added to the horror of the  scene. Carriages Avere piled one iipon  another, or hung overturned on bank  or rails, and cries, screams, and  groans 'mingled Avith the hoAvling  Avind and driving rain.  At headlong speed Thornton sped  doAvn the steep bank, intent only on  rendering such help as he could to  those avIio cried, aloud in mortal^ agony or in ..deadly terror. All in a  moment that lonely spot on _ tlie  doAvns iiad sprung into a scene of r.n-  imation, a hideous scene iu which  [inin and death Avere holding high  revels; anel as he ran Guy found himself Avondcring Avhether any other li\--  ing soul but himself was Avithii* earshot of the '.disaster, Avhether there.  Avas anyone but he who could come  to help  those; in  the wrecked  train.  jA vision SAve.pt into his mind of a  white house, he had lately noticed on  the. hillside. He- remembered the  big Avindow from which light had  streamed out into the darkiics*:. some  one human must have lighted the ������=  light���������the house might afford much s  needed shelter. So iiis thoughts ran, j������  and then for a few moments every- S  thing was forged ten but the actual ~  difficulties of the moment. He could jS  think of nothing but the pitiful speci- =  mens of humanity calling to him from  every side for succor. Iiis strong  hands helped men and Avomen to  struggle: out of the overturned carriages; his fCAv cheering Avords gave  the dazed guard power to pull himself together and consider Avhe.nce  assistance could be procured; he set  the engine-driver and fireman, miraculously saved from serious hurl, to  Avork to come, to his aid in rescuing; gj  the passengers,  "Whileburii  station is just the olh  er side, of the tunnel," the guard said,,  hoarselv.    "I  can    run    back    there,  through the tunnel for help; that 11 be  best. "There is a bit of a village there  and we can soon get folks to come."  "Go straight away," Thornton  said  tersely, and went back to the Avork of  rescue, for which he fell he needed  many pairs of hands. Hut, mercifully,  the train had been a short one, Icav  people Avere traA-elling on that stormy  night, and of those i'cav the greater  number appeared to be suffering only  from cuts and bruises and from ncr-  A'ous shock.  The greater number. Yes���������but  there Avere exceptions to that general  rule. Three dead bodies already lay  by the raihvay track, and Thornton's  hearl contracted as he knelt on the  sodden bank beside a slight, unconscious form, Avhosc Avhite still- face  looked like death itself. It A\*as a woman Avho lay there; she had been taken from the last of the overturned  carriages; Thornton had with difficulty extricated her from, between  two great splinters of Avood.  Even in that moment of stress  and agitation Thornton's observant  eyes saAV how Ioa'cIv was the face of  the i"njured woman���������how sweet, Iioav  serene, yet Iioaa- infinitely sad; and  Avhilst he took such means as were  possible to rc\'hre her, he speculated  as to Avho and what she might be.  Her clothes were of the deepest  black, Avith the collars and cuffs that  denote a AvidoAv's dress, and ou her  bare left hand she Avorc a thick Aveel-  ding ring; but it Avas the haunting  sadness of the unconscious face that  brought a lump into tlie? doctor's  throat, a mist into his eyes.  <_To Be Continued.)  _ _,    /  "There's a man planting potatoes,"  said Farmer' Cornlossel, "when ( ho  ought to be playing golf."  "You don't approve of gardening*"  "Yes I do; but if he'd go ahead and  play golf he Avouldn't be spoilir.' good  potatoes that somebody could use."  "Noav that, sir, is a very good cig-  ai, one you needn't be afraid to offer anybody."    ,  "That's all right, as far as it goes,  but I AA'ant one thai T can smoke myself-."  Airplane Mail Carriers     \ Friends   Worth   Retaining  Expect  Aviators  Will  Not Abandon  Air Work When the Wails Over  It is said that the French government is planning lo com'crl its corps  of army aviators, thousands upon  thousands of them, into mail carriers  after the  Avar.  There are no technical difficulties  in the AA-ay. Airplane engines have*,  been perfected to the highest degree.  of reliability and their speed has been  dc\-eloped inarvelously. Nothing short  of.thick fog, a violent thunderstorm  ���������or a hurricane bordering almost on a  tornado now.serves to prevent living  ���������Avith rarely a casualty froin natm-al  causes.  Indeed, the greatest defect in the  army aerial service; according to officials in that branch, is overcon-  fidence in Avhal the airplane "-'engine  can do. Flights of six and eight and  ten hours Avithout replenishing the.  gasoline supply arc iioav of common  occurrence. Mountains can be scaled  as if 'they Avere. mounds under the  fool of a Brobdingagiair. Aviators  lcaA-c the British side of the Channel  and deposit passengers or messengers on the Avar front Avith no more  sense of the unusual than if they had  taken a steamer from Dover id Ooii-  logne.  The possibilities of mail carrying  in difficult regions have not been  thoroughly investigated, because only  ihe demands for Avar efficiency have  brought flying up lo the point of dependability needed for general ser-  A-ice. The French government did  establish some postal routes for airmen,- but nothing on an extensive  scale was adopted. Commercially,  the utility of the airplane .after the  Avar will be open lo the fullest exploitation. Britain-Avill have scores of  thousands of expert aviators and not  many of these Avill abandon the  "sport" which now is serving" the  British armies so splendidly.  The"   Great  Mistake  of  Making   War  On Birds  Uirels are the friends of mankind.  Were it not for their kindly offices,  so ill requited, men could not live upon the earth more than a year, or Iavo  Insect life would sweep over" the  earth in a devastating flood;1- every  green thing would disappear, as iiir  sects great and small, /lying, creeping, -sAvimniing, boring and omnh-or- *  tus, SAvept over the land.-'The birds,  and Ihe birds alone, are our guardians and keepers-and yet Ave make  senseless Avar upon them. Because a  fcAv birds thai guard our.peas and  cherries take tribute of'the fruit they  preserve, Ave make senseless .war up-,  on them until by sad experience we  are taught that it is a choice betAveen  plenty of birds and fewer cherries,  f*nd Avithout the birds no cherries at  all. ��������� The haAvks and oavIs rid us of  pestiferous vermin, and now and then  take a chicken for tribute,- therefore  avc make war upon hawks and oaa'Is,  and by and by we haA'e no clover, be-_  cause the mice have caien of the -  bumblebee and so the clover is not  fertilized. Women���������horrible thought!  ���������that 'they may wear feathers - in ���������  their hats, doom millions of bcatili-'  ful and useful birds to extinction, and  then, as in Italy, a murrain SAvceps"  the land.���������Christian Register.  "Do your constituents endorse your  attitude?"  "1 don't knoAv yet," replied Scnaior  Sorghum. "Attitudes are not as easy  as they used lo be. I can remember  the lime Avhen all \ needed in the way  of an attitude Avas an Ajax-defying-  thc-lightning pose Avhile T mentioned  George Washington and- lh.c .American ear>ie.''  "IVe often wondered Avhy my wife  pecepted  me." /  "Didn't you tell me once that she-  had simple tastes?"  Tnnfi.mrrriHfiiinf.umiinMMtUHiiiimHiM^  c  MM  ������  E  BE  85  tmm  S  tr-cM  ������������  s  Of Every Description  and for every line of business.   Our books are the Standard of Quality  and used from Coast to Coast.  We Specialize on CARBON COATED or BLACK  BACK BOOKS^  and what we make are die best to berhad in Canada.  Duplicate and Triplicate Separate Carbon  Leaf Books, in all sizes  Duplicate   and   Triplicate   Carbon  Back  Books, in all sizes  O. IL Special Triplicate Books, patented  "Write us for Samples and Prices before placing your next order, o/  see our agent, the proprietor of this paper.  FOR ALL PURPOSES  Waxed Bread and Meat Wrappers, plain and printed. Confectionery  Wrappers. Pure Food Waxed Paper Rolls for Home Use. Fruit  Wrappers, Eta  Write for Samples of our G. ���������& B. WAXED .PAPERS,- used as a meat  wrapper, It is both grease and moisture proof and most reasonable  in price.  FOR BUTTER WRAPPERS  We are large importers of this particular brand of paper. Our prices  on 8 x 11 size in 10OM quantities and upwards are very low, considering  the present high price of this paper. We can supply any quantity printed  "Choice Dairy Butter" from stock. No order too large or too small to  be looked after carefully.  Our Machinery and Equipment for Waxing and Printing is the most  modern and complete in Canada, and ensures you first-class goods and  prompt service.  LIMITED 1  Hamilton       -       -       Canada I  Offices : Toronto, Montreal, Winnipeg-, Vancouver 1  lIUIIIIIMflimilltnillllJIiVim^^  ��������� *>���������  k.  ���������v-V  '/  1-*. W^^^S^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^&M^^^^^^^f  ;���������:>������������������' .'���������  \  ei-  i*  ���������J  Lava Takes Years to Cool  ���������!  Matrimonial Amenities  "The Avife and I had a spat    this  ./snorning. '- She   remarked    that    she  'didn't get much of a man when she  JMiarricd me."  "WhcAvl 'and what did you say?"  J'Oh, I agreed with  her.  I  saicl if  iJ>'d*bcen a high-class man I Avouldn't  Save.picked her out." .  ,t :   Zouaves of France  ������������������������������������*..������..������..������..  PA!N?   NOT A BIT!.  LIFT YOUR CORNS  OR CALLUSES OFF  No  humbug I     Apply  few drops  then just  lift them away  with   fingers.  >-.���������<���������.<���������.,���������������.������.>������,.���������.,������������������  ������������..*.>���������-������.,������..������.. ���������.,������,.������,.,.. ������,,...������..  This new drug is an "ether compound discovered by a Cincinnati  chemist. Tt is called free-  zone, and can now be obtained in tiny bottles as  here shown al very lit-Lle  cost from any" drug  store. Just ask for free  7onc." Apply a drop 01  two directly upon a tend  cr corn or callus and instantly the soreness disappears. Shortly you will  find the corn or callus so  loose that you can lift it  off, root and all, with the  fingers.  Net a lAvingc of pain,  soreness or irritation; not  even the slightest smarting, either when applying  free-zone on. afterwards.  This drug doesn't eat  yp li.e com or callus, but  shrivels Ihem so they  loos.cn and come right  out. ft is no humbug! It  works like a charm. For  a few cents you can get  ticl of every hard corn, soft corn or  corn bctAAcen the toes, as avc 11 as  painful calluses on bottom of your  I*. el. Il never disappoints and never  fcurns, bites-or inflames. If your  druggist hasn't any frcezone yet,  ScII him lo get a little bottle for aou  from his Avholesale house.  Although the'Zouaves, who covered  themselves with glory in the Saloni-  ki campaign, ha\-e been a component  pf.rt'of the French army for less  than ninety years, they haA'e ' traditions Avhicli older .regiments may envy. In the Algerian Avar the French  recruited them from some fierce Arab  tribes known by the many-voAvelled  name "Zooaottas," and their achieve-  in n Is under Lanrboricierc and Cav-  aignac soon attracted enthusiastic  young Frenchmen to their ranks.  They adopted the Moorish uniform,  fought AA-ith distinction in the Crimea  and the regiment became a close corporation for their compatriots, all o  African birth being refused admis  sion.  Has Been KnoAvn lo Retain Heat for  a Period of Over Forty Years  ^Peasants on the slopes of Mour.l  Etna can still boil Avater over the  lava thai flowed from the volcano  during the eruption of 1910. .1 ,ava,*  i'ccording to Walter Woodbuiii Hyde  of "the University ' of Pcnnsyh-ania,  writing to the Geographical Review,  often reaches a temperature of 2,000  degrec-s  F.' - ���������  Even the ancient pocis recorded  the tenacity with which lava retains  the heal, and Borelli, describing the  great eruption of 1669, says the lava  took eight years .to cool". It is related that steam Avas still rising in  1S30 from lava ejected in 1787. And  this is not astonishing Avhen we remember that the stream of molten  laA-a which reached the- sea at Catania on that occasion was at least  600 yards in breadth, 45 feet deep and  contained 3,532,000,000 cubic feet'. Il  banketrT up against J. he walls of Caf-  inia, AA'hich Avere 60 feet high until  I flowed over the top and destroyed  a' large part'of the city. The huge  promontory-that acts like a breakwater lo the harbor is the remains of  that stream of lava that flowed into  the sea.  on   Horses,   Cattle,   &c,   quickli-  cured   by  EGYPTIAN   LINIMENT  For Sale by All Dealers'  Douglas   &   Co.,   Prop'rs,   Napanec,   Ont.  (Free   Sample   on   .Request)  Angels Admiring Zeppelin  PERFECT HEALTH  DUE TO THE BLOOD  Con-  and  A Matter of Regret  "You seem to think a gical deal of  that dog of yours."  "lie's on my mind constantly. I  can't help thinking Iioav much more  valuable he Avould be -if he had been  torn ar pig!"���������Washington Evening  Star.  Minard's      Liniment  Friend.  Lumberman's  The Bookkeeper���������Thai's an adding  machine.   Miss   Multirox.  The Boss's Daughter���������Sure! I see  Iioav it Avorks. If you want to add  four and, two you find the number  four button and then count two more  jind that brings you to the number  ���������six button and that's the answer,  jlow clever!  Few men care to be as good or as  ibad as  they arc saicl to be.  MONEY ORDERS  i    Buy   your   out  of   town   supplies   with   Do-  .ninion   Express   Money   Orders.  Itars  costs three cents.  Five   dol  or stuttorirTgovercomo positively. Our  natural methods permanently restore  natural speech. Graduate pupils every-  y/licrc.    Free advice and literature.  THE ARNOTT INSTITUTE  KITCHENER,      -      CANADA  No  Girl or Woman Need be  stantly-Ailing and  Unhappy        (  Nature  intended    every    girl  every woman to be happy, attractive,  active and healthy.  Yet .too many of  thcn'i find their lives saddened by "suffering���������nearly ahvays   because    their  blood is to blame. All those unhappy  girls' and    Avomen    with       colorless  cheeks,.dull skins and sunken, luster-  less  eyes,  arc in  this   condition    because   they  have   not   enough   blood,  red blood in their veins to keep them  Avell  and  in  the   charm     of    health.  They suffer from  depressing    Aveari-  ness and periodical headaches.   Dark  lines   form   under   their     eyes,     their  heart palpitates violently    after    the  slightest exertion, and they arc often  attacked Avith fainting spells.    These,  are only a;-'few'of  the    miseries    of  bloodlessncss.    .Nothing "can secure  girls and women from the inevitable  decline   that  folloAvs '.anaemia  except  a  generous  supply  of ncw, 'rich,  red  blood,  and  nothing' has-ever proved  so  successful in   creating 'red,    good  blood  as:   Dr.   Williams'   Pink   Pills  for   Pale   'People.     Thousands     and  thousands  of girls  and women ..owe  their good..health and charming complexion, to  the use of this medicine.  Here;-is one example of its power; to  cure.    Miss Dorina Bastien, St. Jerome,   Que., ������������������says-:-"For  over  a   year  my health' Avas gradually failing-, my  blood had seemed  almost    to"..have  turned  to   Avater,   my    cheeks    were  pale, my    lips    bloodless, /arid'..'- the  slightest exertion left me breathless.  I   suffered'   frequently    from    severe  headaches,   my   appetite   failed,     and  my" friends  feared  I   Avas  going  into  consumption.   I   had   been   doctoring  but  did not derive any benefit,    -and  finally I had to give up my work' and  return home. It Avas at this stage that  a  friend  brought  me a box of    Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills and urged me to  try them.   By the time  the box was  used I thought they Avere'helping me,  and  decided  lo  continue    using    the  pills. I took a half dozen boxes more,  Avhen  my  strength    had    completely  returned,  my appetite  Avas    restored,  my  color  returned,     headaches    had  disappeared and I   Avas feeling better  than  I  bad been for years.   I Avould  urge   every  Aveak   and  ailing  girl   to  give Dr.   Williams'  Pink  Pills a   fair  trial."  These   pills   arc   sold   by   all  medicine dealers  or may be. had by mail  Danger in the Well  Of all the different avcIIs lo be feared the dug avcII is probably the most  dangerous.     It  is   usually  Availed  up  Avith  loose  stones,   leaving numerous  cracks and crevices.    In these openings many small    animals-   such' .as  frogs, lizards, snakes and mice make  their   homes.     These     animals     frequently die,  drop into  the Avater and  decay, Urns making    the    AA*atcr    extremely unpleasant as well as unsafe  for use.    Aside from  this  point  the  dug well is open to another criticism.  If is usually on a level Avith the s.ur  rounding area    and    during      heavy  i-..ins is quite apt to receive the drain  age and Avash from surrounding.barn  yards and pens as Avell as from  privies .  German Humorist Qives Dead Count  a Front Window inJHeaven,  ..'���������*���������ne. Bavarian humorous paper  Simplicissimus features on. its front  page a picture of "Count.Zeppelin in  Heaven." The count-has flown up  to heaven in one of his OAvn cruisers,  which is seen resting on a cloud bank  in the background, undergoing the  inspection of a croAA'd of admiring  angels. Count Zeppelin, attended by  a committee of cherubs, is being Avel-  comed by St. Peter, avIio makes him  a laudatory address, informing . him  that he" has been given one of the finest locations. A feature of the /icw  residence, remarks St. Peter, is that  "you can see Germany from the front  AvindoAv."  wgk  i-Jlt*-* UNIVERSITY'  mm  MEDICINE  KINGSTON  ONTARIO  ARTS  EDUCATION  ���������$100 Reward. $100  The readers of this paper will be pleased  to learn that there is at least one dreaded  disease that science has been able to cure in  all its stages, and that is catarrh. Catarrh  beintf greatly influenced by constitutional  condrtions requires corrstitutional treatment.  Hall's Cntarrh Cure is taken internally and  acts through the Blood on the' Mucous Surfaces of the System, thereby destroying the  foundation of the disease, "frying the patient  strength by building up' the constitution and  assistrng nature in aoinff its work. The proprietors have so much faith in the curativ������  powers of Hall's Catarrh Cure that they offei  One Hundred Dollars for any case tlrat il  fails to cure.    Send for list of testimonial*.  Address: F. J. CHENEY Sc CO., Toledo,  Ohio.    Sold by all Druggists, 75c.  Pills for Nervous Trouble.���������The  stomach is the centre of the nen'ous  system, and when the stomach suspends healthy action the result is  manifest in disturbances of. the nerves. _ IE alloAvcd .to persist, nervous  debility, a dangerous ailment, may  ciisuc. The first, consideration is to  restore the stomach- to proper action,  and there is no readier remedy for  this than Parmelcc's Vegetable"Pills.  Thousands can' attest the virluc of  these pills in curing nervous di.-.urd-  crs.  APPLIED SCIENCE-   .  Miurng, Chemical, Civil, Mechanical and  '���������' Itlectrical l'Sugineeriug.  HOME STUDY  Art* Course by correspondence.     "Degree  ivith ouc year's attendance.  Summer School     Navigation School  July nnd August Decombor to April  15 GEO. Y. CHOWN. Registrar  "Three Days in a Submarine"  A provincial church, at which the  cougrcgatio'ti has been groAving less  and less every- Sunday for some lime,  Avas recently- croAvded long before  the time for commencement of the  service. The minister was evidently  adopting the government's idea that  sermons should be more practical and  topical in these clays, for the subject  announced, Avhich had attracted such  wonderful numbers AAas "Three Days  in a Submarine." The expectant  cougrcation were treated lo a wonderful discourse, but came away sadder  and  Aviscr  men   alter  hearing   a  Value of Good Roads to the Farmer  Poor roads are very expensive'  things for country communities. The  farmer avIio thinks that improved  highways are mainly for the benefit  of those avIio drive automobiles  should reflect on the results of a recent investigation by the department} heart.  of Agriculture, Avhich finds that the  cost' of hauling farm produce OA-er  oidinarj- country roads is Iwcnly-  thrcc cents a ton mile AA-hereas oa*ci-  Iiard-surfaccd roads it is only thirteen  cents.���������Youth's   Companion.  Can Practice Economy  A shrinkage, of 3,000,000 Ions in the  garbage collections in a mouth shows'  lhate.A-en   the  "extravagant    city     of  Ncav  York    can    practice    economy  Avhen it sets out to do;so.    And as  il   may  be  assumed  that  every     ton  of. decrease in the volume of garbage  means   an  additional   ton   of  utilized  food,   the  metropolitan   report    indicates  the  tremendous   importance  of  this  one  item   in  food  conservation  ���������"Providence Journal.  Ask for Minard's and Take no Other  AAvoke Her to Her Value  N'ell���������So  he jilted,   her,    did    he-  That must haA-c made her feel cheap,  ��������� Belle���������On the contrary, it gaA'e her  a %-cry expensive    feeling���������she    sued  him for $25,000-for damage    to    he;  Mrs. NeAvlywcd���������"Oh, Jack! I wish  you Avere a man Avorth while, like  Lionel de Peyser. His mother gi\*es  him a thousand a week, and p*\'S all  his bill 'besides!"  sermon   on  Chronicle.  Jonah .���������London     Daily  Miller's Worm PoAvdcrs are a  pleasant medicine for Avorm-infestcd  children and they Avill take il Aiithout  objection. When directions arc fol-  loAved it Avill not injure the most delicate child, as there is nothing of an  injurious nature in its composition.  They will speedily rid a child of  Avorms and restore the health of the  little sufferers Avhosc vitality has become impaired by the attacks of these  internal pcsls.  ARLINGTON  tfyATERPROOJ*   0OL.LAR8   AND    OUFPU  5po away with nil Laundry Bills. AA'hen they  [iecorae soilsd Just wash them with coap and  3fnter. No Ironing necoEnary. 'Suitable tor  iftioso nf tho most fastidious taste as they look as  flood aslihen.   Ask your doaler for them.  &RMNaTON  CO.  OP  CANADA, Limited  Fraoor Avenue*. Toronto  at 50 cents a box or six boxes for  $2.50 from The Dr. Williams''Medicine Co,, Brockville, Ont.  W.      N.       U.      1161  An Inconsiderate Spouse  -Sick folks arc often extremely  querulous. A man Avas attacked Avith  inflammatory' rheumatism and his  sufferings frequently caused his Avife  to burst into tears as she sat at his  bedside.     .-"'������������������  One day a friend of this invalid  came iu and asked how he was getting on,  "Badly, badly!" he exclaimed, "and  it's all my wife's fault."  "Is it possible?" asked the friend  in  surprise.  "Yes. The doctor told .me that hu  miclity Avas bad for me, and there  that woman sits and cries just to  make it more moist in the*: room."  Abstinence  Is  Good  Medicine  Ninety per cent,   of    the    English  Avcll-to-do classes habitually overeat.  If their daily rations Avere cut down  to a third of the food,regularly consumed before the Avar'therc Avould be  less  disease,    better  AA'ork,    and    far  clearer thinking. Six months of a restricted diet Avould enormously add to J  the nation's    brain  poAver and effec-j  tiveucss.  The increase in health audi  happiness   would   be     so    great   that,  there Avould  be no  general  tendency j  to  gorge  again Avhen  peace  returns.  The kaiser has already forced  Great  Britain  to  be  efficient.   He  may  yet  succeed iu compelling her to be. ab-j  stcmious and. healthy.���������London Daily  Exprcs.s.  Recognized as the leading specific  for the destruction of Avorms, Mother  Graves' Worm Exterminator has  proved a boon to suffering children  everywhere.-    It seldom fails.  your  "You    must    cnje-iy    hcari  prima donna sing."  "I .do,"- replied the impresario.  "You don't knoAv Avhat a relief it is  lo have her get out and throw those  high notes around to the audience,,  instead of yelling al me about her  salary."  For work and play���������in  the middle of the day���������and  when on pleasure bent.  For field, farm and wagon, ^  wear Fleet Foot Shoes. They  are far cheaper than leather���������  light, easy, comfortable ���������long  wearing. For every-day wear,  you will find them immeasurably  better   than   hot,   heavy,  expensive   leather   boots.  When you're out for  a good time, wear  WHITE "Fleet Foot"  Shoes. In fact, you musl wear White Shoes  this summer, to be well dressed. Dealers  everywhere have "Fleet Foot" Shoes, in all  styles for men, women and children. 201  >  -������  ���������m  I  II  i 1$'"  j.te'-Wf-JsS  sii.#Vv*fe-V.  '-f'SS  ffi'Wi?--.-  -f^jB-  ���������i^S^^^^SfesSaS  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  'i���������  Coleman &6o.  m &,  "The Big Store"  General  Merchants  L  KEREMEOS, B. C.  Tne NiGkel Plate  Barbershop  SftTISrflGTORy, SANITARY  TONSORIflL SERVICE  Thjs shop it equipped with  Baths and all the latest  Electrical  Appliances.  W.T.BUTLER, - Prop.  Che ffc(Ue$ Gaistte  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year $2.00  "   (United States)  2.50  Advertising Rates  Measurement"., 12 lines to the inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, $1.25 for one insertion. 25 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over one inch,  12 cents per line for first insertion and 8  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  $1.25; over 1 inch and up to 4 inches, $1.00  per inch per month. To constant advertisers  taking larger apace than four inches, on  application, rates will be given ot reduced  charges, biised on size of space and length  of time. ,  Certificate of Improvements $10.00  (Where more than one claim appears  in notice, $2.50 for each additional  claim.)  Jas. W. G'RiEn, Publisher.  Hedley, B.C.. July. 19, 1917.  " He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me."  THIS AND THAT.  Those   responsible    for   the  war news might just as  well  sprinkle   on   it   a little  truth.  Every one who has studied the  history of Germany knows that  there will not be a revolution in  Germany unless  those now in  authority wish it.    If a republic  is formed it will only be for the  purpose    of    obtaining   better  terms   from the  allies, and after everying is  settled the Ho-  henzollerns    will   be   back   in  power and again making preparations for world conquest. The  "collapse" of the Germans will  hot be complete^ until   Berlin  is occupied by  the   allies,  the  navy   and   the    Hohenzollerns  destroyed,  and   the   men   and  women of the  country subjected to .the same  indignities and  outrages    that    were    heaped  ... upon the people of Belgium and  and France.   Anything less will  not convince the  Germans, and  any other outcome of the war  will probably result in the dismemberment of the British Empire.   Too many sacrifices have  been   made   for   the   |war   to  stop short of the complete crushing of the Hohenzollerns and  the empire which is the result  of centuries of looting.   British:  statesmanship is on trial.    For  years there has been a growing  feeling that British statesmen  were   educated ^ more   with   a  view to  construing  Latin than  managing an empire.    This has  been verified in  the fact that  the ruling classeses of Britain  could not produce a man big  enough to guide he empire in  time of great peril.    Practical  common    sense,    energy   and  brains were necessary.   That is  the reason the Welsh cottager  is  premier  of   England.    The  war has been one of misrepresentation   and   suppression   of  disasters and reverses. Had the  truth been told conscription  would not have been necessary.  They just muddled along and  lied to the people. Since a  Welshman became premier, a  Scot at the head of the army  and an Irishman in aiiarge of  the navy there should be affi-  cioncy and truth.  The Kaslo Kootenanion didn't  show up last week. Pleuropneumonia is the cause given  by Editor Power. We'll lot it  go at that, but don't let the attacks become too frequent. The  people of Kaslo are not the only  ones who like to see the Kootenaian weekly. It is a mental  tonic after wading through the  absolutenothingness of Hansard  There will be a federal election this fall. That will give  party returned to power five  years to whitewash the war-  made millionaires. The majority of the soldiers will, of  course, be disfranchised. The  game must bo a -brace, or both  parties would not favor appealing to the people.  J. Peck MacSwain is now on  the editorial staff oi Greenwood's leading excitement, adding much to the vividness of  the paragraphs in that excellent home journal.  In an article on the country  residences of American millionaires in Saturday Evening Post,  Irvin S. Cobb gets off the following: "On such estates as this  one the head gardener nearly  always is a Scotchman whose  St. Joseph's  BOARDING and DAY SCHOOL  Nelson, B. C.  Healthfully and centrally located for the East Kootcnay  and Boundary Districts.  Courses include: English  branches and High School.  Music and Theory. Commercial  Course ��������� Stenography, Bookkeeping, Typewriting, etc.  Special attention to Sewing  and Embroidery. For particulars apply to  Sister Superior,  St. Joseph's School,  Nelson, B. C.  NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS  Princeton School.  Sealed Tenders, superscribed " Tender for  Princeton School Addition," will be received  by the Honourable the Minister of Public  Works up to 12 o'clock of Tuesday, the 21th day  of July, 1917, for. the erection and completion  of an addition to the school-house at Princeton  iu the Similkameen Electoral District.  Plans, specifications, contract and forms of  tender may be seen on and after the 9th day of  July, 1917, at the office of W. N; Rolfe, Government Agent, Nicola; J. Mahony. Government  Agent Vancouver; T. Clark King, Secretary  of School Trustees, Princeton; and the Department of Public Works, Victoria.  By application to tho undersigned, contractors may obtain a copy of tho plans and specifications for the sum of ten dollars ($10), which  will be refunded on their return in goocl order.  Each proposal must bo accompanied by an  accepted bank cheque on a chartered bank of  Canada, made payable to the Honourable the  Minister of Public Works, for a sum equal to  twenty per cent, of tender, which shall be forfeited if the party tendering decline to enter  into contract when called upon to do so, or if  he fail to complete l.lio work contracted for.  The cheques of unsuccessful tenderers will be  returned to them upon the execution of the  contract.  Tenders will not be considered unless made  out on tho forms supplied, signed with the  cetual signature of the tenderer, and enclosed  in the envelopes furnished.  The lowest or any tender not necessarily  accepted.  A. K. FOREMAN.  Public Works Kngineer.  Department of public Works,  Victoria. B. C, July 6th. 1917.  Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations  /"JOAI/ mining rights of tho Dominion, ir  KJ Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Territory, tho North-west Territories and in a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for ev term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1 an  acre. Not more than 2.5C0 acres wi be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made by the  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must bo described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of  sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract  applied for shall be staked out the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied b  fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rigl  applied for are not available, but nob othor  tits  wise. A royalty shall be paid on'the merchant  able output of the mine at the rate of five cents  per ton. *-  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for  the full quantity of merchantable mined  and pay the royalty thereon.   Jt coal min  ing rights are not being operated a u returns  should be furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights  only, bub the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surfaco rights may  be considered necessary for tbe working of the  mine at the rato of $10.00 an acre  For full information application should be  made to the Sccrotary or the Denarbmont of  tho Interior, Ottawa, or o any Agont or Sub-  Agent of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY.  Deputy Minister of tho Interior.  N.B.-Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for. 17 6m       ' I  chief virtue is his close adherence to the payroll, and whose  chief vices arc' that he speaks  with a haggis accent and about  once in so often takes ofr" his  pants and goes to a Caledonian  picnic." --  We are told that if we work  on a farm we won't have to go  to war, and that if we go to war  we won.t have to work on a  farm. But what's bothering  some of our Willies is how they  can skip 'em both*���������Republic  Journal.  PAINTING  PAPER-HANGING  KALS0MINING  TERMS MODERATE  DALY AVE;  tlEDLEY, B.C.  DR, T. F. ROBINSON  Dentist.  Office with Dr. Lewis, Oroville, Wash.  tm&mm&mmgMamfm&at  ,--**���������  i  mmwmmsmtfssf^msssswas  eeds  Lime Juice  __. Grape Juice  Grape' Smash  Lemons  Fresh Keremeos Strawberries  Every Train Day  A. F. <& A. M.  R*  REGULAR monthly meetings of  Hedley Lodge No. 13, A. F. & A. M.,  are held on the secoird Friday in  each month in Fraternity hall, Hedloy. Visiting  brethren are cordially invited to attend.  0. H. SPROULE,  W. M  S. E. HAMILTON  Secretary  - L. O. L.  /J'lie Regular    meetings of  Hedley Lodge 11H arc neld on  the first and third Monday in  ovory month in the Orange Hall  !P   Ladies meet 2nd and i Tucrdaj's  Visiting bretbern are cordially invited  W. LONSDALE, W. M.  -  H. F. JONES, Sec't.  ���������  Fly Traps, Tanglefoot. Poison  Pads, Wire Swatters.  ���������f,  ieffleu Traflino 60. Ltd.  Nickel tt Camp  No. 15662  Modern Woodmen  of America  Meets in Friiteriiily Hall Lire Third  Thui'scl'iy in each month :it 8 p. m.  A.      aee, V. (J.       J. Smith, Clerk.  /  Groceries, Hats and Caps, Boots and Shoes,  Gents' Furnishings,  FOR CASH I am offering all lines at - such low prices  that [quotations may give you heart -failure.  JAMES STEWART        -        - HEDLEY, B. C,  ���������;;  :���������<*  %'  "7 <���������*****���������>  ---^ *3^**5������������E>!S3SS^' -.  I  ~7z^', swww 7777?W';j/;w,/s/.  TTQT think of the time the Ford saves a busy farmer in  KJ i*J *��������� hauling milk to the cheese factory���������-vegetables,  ���������*.-��������� butter, eggs and poultry to market���������fruit to the railway  station. One fruit grower, last season, made-four trips a  day to the railway station, a total of 144 miles, and carried  as high as 72 crates of 11 quarts each on a triy. He couldn't have  made more than one 36-mile trip a day with a team.  The Ford soon pays for itself in the time it saves the farmer.  With help so scarce, every farmer needs to make use of every  farmer needs to make use of every precious minute of his time.  To him the Ford car is a real necessity. Indeed, some farmers  tell us that it is doubtful if they could carry on their farm work  under present labor conditions if it wasn't for the time the Ford  saves them.  No farmer need be without a Ford. In fact, the averoge farmer could afford one if it were double the price. It is as easy to  drive as a horse, three times as fast, and costs less per mile to  run.    Why not order one today ?  ���������fc  TOURING  RUNABOUT  $585.00  $565.00  tfttrw wmsxima**

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