BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Hedley Gazette Jul 13, 1916

Item Metadata


JSON: xhedley-1.0180013.json
JSON-LD: xhedley-1.0180013-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xhedley-1.0180013-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xhedley-1.0180013-rdf.json
Turtle: xhedley-1.0180013-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xhedley-1.0180013-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xhedley-1.0180013-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 7^-' '   '���������'. .* :*"^..JV- -,\ .- i-.jji'-vS'.l'.'.-i. ,-*V   '���������*  ["������������������    J* --".'.   ���������'-"���������"-    - -���������-,.'*--,*' '-   '*-  ���������    ^    ' j   '   '  ���������cT K  i M^fciemTwif-iiiMriwui-B  , ���������    .. ���������IIIIMIIWillll'lllllllllllllll    , , ^ ..  C.  * :\>  -'  ,L"������������i*/Bn  Voi.umeXII.     'Number 26.  HEDLEY, B.C., THURSDAY, JULY 13,  1916.  $2.00, In Advance  IC*  JftS. CLARKE  Watchmaker  h-e*dl*e*v, b. c;.  GIogKs and Watches for Sale.  Travel by Auto1...  Call up Phone No. 12  ���������j A good stock of Horses and Rigson  ���������   Hand.   IT Orders for Teaming  promptly attended to.  WOOD   FOR   SALE!  KEREMEOS ITEMS.  PflLAGE  piverij, Feed & Sale Stables  hone 12.  mfiDLKY   B. C.  D. J. INNIS  Proprietor  I . Thomps n  PHONE SEA'MOUR'OOIS  KU  MOK. AVE6TKRI*? CANADA  Kammell Laird & Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturers  ������{ *      Sheffield,' Eng.      ,     ,  OillccsB and Warohouse, 8-17-C3 Bcatty Street-  Vancouver, B. C.  '   .    A. F. & A. M.  RKGULAR monthly meetings pf  Hedley Lodge No. -13, A. F. & A. M-,  r. are held on the second  Friday, in  *ich month in Fratornity hall, Hedley. Visiting  8'rethren aro cordially invited to attend.  H..SPRQULE,  W. M  S. E. HAMILTON  v ���������       Secretary  L. O. L.  Tlio Regular meetings of  Hedley Lodge 17-1*1 are held on  the first; and third Monday in  every month in the Orange Hall  Ladies meet 2nd and i Mondays  J/isltlng brcthorn are cordially invited  11 W. LONSDALE, W. M.  H. K. HANSON, Sec't.  R.  F>.  BROWN  British Columbia Land Surveyor  Tbi. No. 27 P. 0. DieaavBit 1W  PENTICTON,       -       i      B. C.  P. W. GREGORY  CIVIL  ENGINEER and BRITISH  .COLUMBIA. LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building       - '--   Princeton  n-  AVALTER  CLAYTON  C.   E." HASKINR  CLAYTON & MSKINS  Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.  MONEY TO LOAN  PENTICTON, -        B. C.  fl6di6ii. Opera. House  ft. I. JONES, Jttanaflgr *  iA  large,  commodious  hall for  dances or other entertainment.  ���������������-aate^^^^^^^^^-������r-s^^^aiii5Sj-J������i8S*jv  x  x  Grand Union $  Hotel  HEDLEY,   British Columbia  Rates���������$ i ."so a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  of Liquor and Cigars  % A.  WINKLER,     Proprietor, ������  | X  IEPLEY MEAT  BBS  . Mr.'Pritchard of the'P. Burns  Co., Avas in town last week. -.  . Mr.Mottof Penticton motored  to town on Monday and spent  tho day.  G. G. Keeler made a flying  trip to Hedley on Tuesday in his  new car. .  Mr. Jones, traveler for Kelly-  Douglas company, was in town  last week.   -  Mrs. E. M. Daly and Miss  Florence were guests at Island.  Lodge on Sunday.  E. M. Crooker and son of  Similkameen were in town on  Monday on business.  Mrs. Orser and Miss Huns-  berger.of South Keremeos\veie  in town on Saturday.  Mr. and Mrs." C." Tickell of  South Keremeos visited with  friends here on' Sunday.  Miss Dorothy Seats of Vancouver is here spending a couple  of'weeks'with Mrs. Frith.  The Misses Bessie and Freda  ���������Richter returned home on Friday's train from the coast.'  J. Long and party of friends  from Loomis Avere in town on  Monday and spent the day.  Mrs. R. H. Carmichael and  daughter, Grwen are spending  three weeks visiting with  friends.in Seattle.  It has been rumored there is  soon to be a wedding in which  one of our Keremeos belles will  be one of the party.  Harry Prince, .the Oroville  hide buyer, was in town over  the week end and registered at-  the Hotel Keremeos.  Mrs. E. Mills returned home  from Princeton last week after  spending a few days with Mrs.  Kmidson and daughter.  Mrs. J. A, Brown returned  home last'week after spending  a few days the guest of Mr.  and Mrs.   Howse  at Princeton.  A cloud of mosquitoes passed  through town this week, and  sorry to say a good many of  them wers favorably impressed  with the town and stopped over.  Mrs.   Carle   entertained  Mrs.  The  annual   mooting  of   the  Keremeos school board held July  10th showed a decided increase  in   interest over   former years.  The attendance was  much -larger than usual   and  there Avere  quite    a    number    of    women  present.    Mrs.  E., M. Daly was  Avas nominated for scliool trustee by the Women's  Institute,  but   Mr.  W.   Matlice   was   reelected by a very small majoi'ity.  The  W.  I.  are  not at all discouraged and hope to have one  of the members   on  the  board  another year.    The school  assessment was slightly increased  to * meet    necessary-  expenses,  and $50 was voted for expenditure on extra school equipment,  hoping to form the nucleus of  a schooL library.- * The  subject  of    consolidated , schools   was  brought  up,  it   being * pointed  out that many rural-school districts  fiud  this the solution of  the school problem.    It is being  successfully tried  in many places both in the U. S. and Canada,  our neighbors  in   Summerland  having tried  it  for years with  great success.     Our   valley   is  especially     adapted     for" * the  method, and if we could have  one   thoroughly-graded,   fully-  equipped  school,   centrally   lo-  located, and an automobile buss  to fetch tho children, instead of  four    undci'-equipped    schools  with teachers struggling under  uusurmountable   difficulties obstacles, we should  iind   its  efficiency more than   doubled and  our  expenses   very slightly increased.      The   government   is  greatly in  favor  of tho change  and urges us to make it, assuring   us   of   their  .support   and  help,      The    government    Avill  build the school, and it only remains   for   tho  people .of   the  whole valley   to   get  together  and work  for  the public good.  There is nothing   more important than   the  education  of our  children, and also   nothing that  enhances the value of property  more than a really good school.  All kinds of fresh and  cured meats ahvays on  hand. Fresh Fish on  sale   every   Thursday.  Ri J. EDMOND, Prop.  Mm NORTHERN  HOTEL  HEDLEY B.C.  liar and Table the Best.    Rates Moderate  *   First Class Accommodation  J6HiN JACKSON, Proprietor  J. Innis and daughter, Miss  Annie, and Miss R. Gibson at  dinner on Monday evening.  Mrs. Innis and daughter Avill  leave shortly for an extended  visitin the east.  Mrs. J. Innis and daughter,  Miss Annie, left on Tuesday  morning for Winnipeg, where  they Avill spond the summer  with relatives and friends.  They will be much missed here  by their many friends.  Mr. Mcintosh, an old timer of  Keremeos, arrived in towir" on  Friday. He left here about,  three years ago and since then  has visited the Peace river  country, coming back here  thoroughly satisfied that Keremeos is the one place to reside.  Tlie electric storm here on  Saturday morning was quite  severe, striking two'-or three  places along the river bank, and  also in Chinatown. It struck  one house there, tore the store  to pieces, scattering the furniture and Chinamen in . every  direction.  The tenth anniversary of the  Keremeos Sunday school was  held in the church here on Sunday last. Ten years ago on  Sunday the first Sunday school  was held here and on Sunday  last*.there were two present who  were present at the opening.  Rev. F. Stanton gave a very  pleasing address, and the  scholars and teachers gave recitations and singing, wliich were  very much appreeiatod by the  congregation.  To Refine Copper.  According to announcement  by the management, by the end  of July���������or early in August���������  the Trail copper refinery, the  first of its kind in the Dominion,  will be in operation. The large  structure which is now completed, is near tho lead refinery  of the Consolidated, and the exterior has been completed, being built of steel and brick. Its  capacity will, he ten tons of refined copper, daily, the blister  copper, containing also the gold  and silver values, being taken  directly from the company's  converter's which are hoav in  operation.  Heretofore Trail blister copper has been shipped to the  Tacoma refinery for many  years, there being no refinery  in Canada. These shipments  were discontinued July 1st, and  hereafter nothing but the pure  metal, ingots or bars, whether  copper, gold or silver, will be  shipped in the future. Equipment for the refinery is now  being awaited for, and when  received this additional department of the smelter Avill be  placed in active operation.:���������  Trail News.  }  TOWN AND DISTRICT j  F. II. French motored lo Tulameen yesterday.  The provincial electiolis Avill  bo held September J-fth.  Save a plunk for the elate of  "Britain Prepared" at the Star  theatre.  Miss Avonia Jones returned  last week from attending school  at the coast.  Mrs. (Dr.) McEwen and family  left Tuesday for a visit with  friends in Winnipeg.  Mrs. P. Johnson leftJMonday  for Spokane to undergo an  operation far appendicitis.  Mrs. Geo. Sproule returned  Monday from Vancouver Island,  where she had been visiting  friends.  Chas. Brown of the Daly Re-  ductioii'COiupany's mill rcturno'd  Monday after spending a month  at the coast.  A meeting of the Western  Branch of the Canadian Mining lnstitqto will be held in  Sandan July 20 and 21.  Among the appointments in  the last issue erf the B. C. Gazette is that of PI. D. Barnes as  a director of the Hedley general hospital.  An 18-ton pebble mill arrived  for the Daly Iteduction company this week and will be installed as soon as it is hauled  from the station.  ' K W. Shatford, M.P.P���������passed  through town last evening on  h is'way to the coast. He will  be back in the district in about  a week and Avill Ihon probably  remain until after the election.  x ,       *���������  Sunday evening a largo number of members  of the L. O.L.  number of Pled ley itcs and a  few from Keremeos prosent.  The afternoon was taken up  with sports. The baseball match  Avas a good one, the score being  soldiers {), Princeton 5. The  football   match    resulted   in   a  tie, the sVoro being 1 all. A  number of athletic events were  pulled off. and there was a  dance in the evening. Altogether a vevy enjoyable day  was spent by the visitors to  Princeton.  Letter From Front  The following letter ,was received this week by C. P. Dalton,  from M. Jacombs, No. 107,338:  Dear Mr. Dalton: I thought  you might like to hear from  mo, as wo have been in a pretty  big fight in this Ypres salient,  as you will probably have seen  before hoav by the Canadian  papers.  Well, one brigade suffered  heavy casualties, but 1 ani glad  to say we did Avell against fearful odds, and Ave have made a  name for ourselves.    This is tlie  We regret to announce the  serious illness of J. P.'McSwain  with slight hopes for his recovery. Peck is known in nearly  every, town in British Columbia and AJberta. His illness  is a chronic one from which he  lias been suffering for years,  and his many friends in the  West need not be surprised to  hear any day of his crossing the  divide to the great beyond.  Women dislike a womanly  man as much as men dislike a  manly woman.  and the Ladies' Lodge attended  the English church, where tho  Rev. Bobcrts Williams preached  an able sermon on ������������������ Patriotism.'"  Commencing next week the  G. N. Avill run through passenger trains)(Avithout stopovor at  Oroville) to the coast, reducing  the time by about twelve hours.  Persons leaving here at 3 p. m.  will arrive in Vancouver about  3 the l'ollowiny day.  On the evening of July 1st a  farewell smoker was gi'vc^n by  the men at the Nickel Plate mine  to Win. Burroughs who has enlisted. Monday, avIioii leaving  bhe mine, a purse Avas handed  him, with best Avishes from his  fellow Avorknien at the mine  for a safe return. lie left Tuesday for Vernon.  Sunday last a horse driven  by A. Winkler broke through  one of the bridges on Twenty-  mile road. It is said all the  bridges on this . road arc in a  bad state of repair and that the  planking is Old and rotten.  The government should either  close the road .or put- new  planking on the bridges.  L. W. Shatford, member for  the Similkameen district. Avill  shortly visit- Hedley again. The  prominent citizens who have  the ear of' the government  should consult him in reference  to sidewalks'and street grading.  The streets and sidoAvalks ot  this town are fierce. In every  other part of the district the  roads are in splendid shape, but  in Hedley they tire the limit of  backwoods negligence. Nodoubt  Mr. Shatford, if spoken to, will  see that the Avork is done. Because Hedley may be looked  upon as Mr. Shatford's home  town, is no reason why we  should be neglected.  Yesterday the anniversary of  the Battle of the Boyne Avas  celebrated in Princeton by the  lodges of Keremeos, Pled ley  and  l'Vmcetou  and the Ladies'!  first big scrap that the Third  Division has been in, and I  think Ave can say that avc have  held up the reputation "that the  First Division first made for the  Canadians.  The attack started about 9  a.m. on the 2nd; our First and  Fourth battalions of this brigade  bore the brunt of tho attack; the  Fifth Avei'c in support to' them,  and my battalion, the Second,  Avere back iu reserve; our turn  to relioA'C the First would have  come in live day.*-*. You understand, the First and Fourth  were in the front line.  About 9 o'clock Fritz started  shelling all our communication  trenches, supports turd front  line; after they had shelled for  some time they sprung a mine  under our trench, and I belie\'e  very I'caa' of A. Co. of the First  Avere loft. They also sprung  another back of our front line,  AA'hich cut oil' communication  Avith supports. Other mines. I  buiieve, were sprung under the  ���������ith trenches. The P. P, U. L. 1.  and the Forty-Second were also  in the trenches on our flanks  and suffered heavy losses.  I cannot tr-ll you many pin'-  ticului-s as i have not run acros*-  any of the First men as yet, but  it seems Fritz got around  through the flanks and took our  felloAvs in the rear. Col. Shaw  of (lie First ran along tho t rencb  and gathered all the survivors,  avIio in that part of the trench  only amounted tej about forty  men, and they all. got over the  parapet a,nd died fighting the  Germans in the open.  To show'the typo of Pfiui aa*o  were up against; they got into  our dressing station in the  Avoods and bayoneted all the  stretcher hearers, and Avounded  there. The doctor had a revolver, AA'hich lie drc.Av, and shot  several before he himself AAras  killed.  While all this was going on  all troops in support- were  rushed up and the Germans,  avIio had by this time penetrated  the Avoods about one-half mile,  Avere soon driven back. All  this time there Avas a steady  shell fire concentrated on all  our couiinuuicatioii trenches to  keep back reinforcements.  Wo, the Second, AA'ere marched  up from reserve in the afternoon, and AA'ent. up into the  Avoods after dark. It Avas  "Hell" getting up and Ave had  lots of casualties going in, and  the stretcher bearers had all  they could do dressing the  Avounded. the dead Ave had to  lift and leave on the parapet so  as to be out of the way.  Wo   wore   supposed to cleai'  trench and hold it, butwhenwe  got there there wore fnc* Germans in it, and I don't know if  they even hail occupied it or  had retired Avhen  A\re came up.  , My company, which is "A"  company, Avent over to dig our- *  selves in, but Fritz spotted us  and in a few minutes Aye -had  everything dropping around  us���������high explosives, shrapnel,  Avhi/j bangs, trench,'mortar *  bombs, and machine gun bullets  Avere clipping the daisies.-- It  Avas impossible to stay out under it and we had to retire back  1 f A  to the trench.- As.-:soon as  things had quieted, down, a bit  Ave Avent out again and brought  in our wounded. -I must mention here that the first aid men '  did fine work -and several got  Avounded.. -,"-   " '  Arthur     Coles     Avas. 'badly-  Avounded and has since  died in-  the   hospital.     He    had   been ;  recommended previous  to' this,  for the D. C. M. for bringing  in  a Avounded man'  under  heavy  gun fire at Hoojen.  While I Avas going' along -the   ���������  trench 1 Avas struck by shrapnel  on my helmetli'nd Avas.. stunned  for  a short time.    My   helmet  saved my life.    As it *was it cut.  through the steel  and  made a , ���������  large   dent.     That   .helmet   is  coming   back   to Canada with  me   and   I  shall  keep  it as a  souvenir of the Avar.- -" -   -  By this time Ave had lost most  of our officers and lots of, men; ,  All- wounded men who could  Avalk or crawl h.id to get back  to our dresssing station as, best  as they could. As Ave had, not  enough stretchers for the poor  chaps Avho Avere hit so badly  they could not AA'alk,. and some  of them had to lie - for hours iu  .the trou'eh Availing - for, a-  stretcher, hone of the "stretcher"-  bearers could carry them, out  as they were busy all the time  dressing wounds; so men out of  the company had to carry the  Avounded out. I Avent out Avith  one stretcher, and belieA'e me it  was awful hard Avork carrying  a stretcher down the crooked,  narroAv trenches and you are  being all the way out.  On the night of the 3rd I was  put on outpost duty with another chap. Ail the shelter we  had Avas a shell hole. It A\Tas a  saciifice post and I never  thought I would come out, but  Fritz did not have the nerve*to  come over. In the morning Ave  AA'ere relieved by some of the  Second Division. Wo:could not  stay in longer as all of "A" company officers AA'ere gone except  our captain and two sergeants,  and over half the company men  AA-cre Avounded or killed/   '  "B" company also had heavy  casualties.  We arc back in billets now  and are being, reorganized.  When Ave came out Ave only had  left about tAA'elve men to a  platoon in "A" Co. Three days  before Ave AA'ent up, Ave had a  draft of -10 men of the 62nd to  our company; .Avhen avc came  out avc only had seven left.  There are noAAr in tins company  only eleven original old CM. R.  men aaIio left Shorncliffe Avith  us, and one sergeant. Sol am  feeling quite a veteran iioav.  Since Ave have been back here  Ave have had a big draft and we  are iioav nearly up to strength  again, so we will probably be at  it again in a Aveek or two.  doc Brown of "B" company  lias been slightly wounded.  I must close uoav as it is  nearly bedtime.  P. S.���������Remember me to all  the Hedley boys.  lodges.     There   Aveie   quito   althe   Germans out of a loserAe  W hen a fool holds his tongue  he isn't as foolish as he might be.  Love makes a fool of many a  man avIio Avas  considered wise.  i'fiis  i'l. v^.tef.^'Si: N  THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.  | You will find relief in Zam-Buk I  It eases tho burnirg, stinging  pain, stops bleeding and brings  ease. Perseverance, with Zam-  Buk, means cure. Why not prove  this ?   -4U ���������Druooixta <**'*cJ Stores!���������   \  BOo box. m  Some Famous Riders  THE  WORLD'S   BEST  POLISH  Thrifty Danes Win Trade  Quality  of   Danish   Butter  is  so   High  Thai Market is Rapidly Extending  In Denmark the bread is homebrewed. The women spin woolen yarn  which the village weaver makes into  cloth, or which they lenit into stockings. Tin* Aiennfii make tlioir own  dieses. Often they make clothes for  their liiiolj.uiils ami sons. The* men  make wooden shoes for tho family,  and house; furniture and farming implements. And the rfficient Danes  set Europe an example of intensive  farming iind chiirykeeping. One result, is Unit Danish butter id eaten  in countries east of the Sue/. Canal  and south of the equator. Vast quantities of Danish butter aro shipped  into the British Isles and to confine nt ill eouiilries, but tho output is so  {Treat, the quality so high, and (he  reputation of Danish butter so widespread, that it finds ciistomcis in  lands as remote from . the Danish  farms as  Patagonia or Tahiti.  ."Jutland formerly Avas described by  geographers as ;i sterile waste. It is  now a secneof highly profitable farming. -The pastures arc so small that  every blade of grass must lie turned  into' milk. The farmers are so provident that they tether their cows in  ro\vs and allow llicni to crop the grass  ' -within reach removing them to the  next uncropped grass the next day,  and thus steadily  mowing each mea  Galaxy   of   Ridim*.     Slii-s   Will     Give  -Exhibition    of    Daring    Feats  at Moose Jaw Stampede  Among fhe many biickiiiEr-lior.sc  ridi'is avIio Avill compete at the Moose  Jaw Stampede, July J Ith to 14th, are  five of the best known and mosl daring riders in the world.  Most famous of this quintette' are  Emery J.aGrandc. the pie.->cnt world's  champion, avIio is beyond doubt the  greatest rider avIio ever lived, and  "Slim" 1'arker, of-' the "Q's" Ilanch,  Sane Cieel;, Alia. Parker is hardly)  le?*- idinoiH and daring a 1 ider ihan  La' tiide, and these two men make a  pan "l "���������stampede performers whose  work on the plunging maddened outlaws is worth a journey of many, many  miles to see.  With fh.cm Avill be Aim Triplr-ft.  one of the most dashing rielers ever  pi educed in Oklahoma, and ".Mexican  Louie," a half-breed. anIio is known  as the greatest jiklcr ever sent out  from California, and the man who was  second to LaGraude at Ihe Gleichen,  .Mtii.. Stampede last year. The. fifth  of tliis famous group of riders is Joe  .Mat-Donald, a catlle haml on a ranch  south of Maple Creek, who is famous  throughout the north-west cattle lands  as a daring and marvellous buckinjT-  horse rider avIio never gives up till  his wild mount is cowed and beafen.  This galaxy of riding stars, as well  as many others, have already entered  the Stampede; bueking-hor-.e contests,  while slews of equal magnitude in the  fields of ropinu, trick-reiping, bull-  dogging, and wild hor.so racing will be  present to make the Moose .law Stampede the gteatest frontier celebration  lcld."  ever  IS JUS  oreof the-Many  WHO   HAS   FOUND   NEW   HEALTH  IN   DODD'S  KIDNEY  PILLS  Philip McLeod Tells How He Suffered  From Kidney Trouble for Years and  Found a Quick and Complete Cure  in  Dodd's  Kidney Pills.  Tarbot. Victoria Co.. C. B. (Special.)  ���������Philip McLeod is jiiot one more of  tiie many residents in this neighborhood who have found cic-av health in  Dodd's  Kidney  Pills.  "[ have iiocd Dodd's Kidney Pills  with great success," Mr. McLeod  slates. "Jror Avars I had kidney  trouble and could get nothing fo help  me. Hearine. of what Dodd's Kidney  Pills have done for olhcis led me to  use them. Five boxes cured me completely.  "I have recommended Dodd's Kidney Bills to many people. I cannot  speak too highly of them."  The testimony of people who have  been cured is better than all the  theory in the. Avorld. Dodd's Kidney  Pills are purely and simply a kidney  dow. When the far side of the plot remedy. If you hove kidney trouble  of ground has been reached the grass jail you need to do j., fo ask others,  upon the side at which the grazing They will tell you that Dodd's Kidney  ���������was   begun lias grown   onoiiirh   to  be  cropped again. The humidity' in tlie  atmosphere keeps Danish pastures  green when those of many countries  are parched and tlie process of marketing grass as butter is not often interfered with by drought.  Minard's  Liniment  used  by   Physicians.  There Are No Young Left  A reliable observer a\1io recently  made the trip along the frontier of  Belgium Avrotc: "As f gazed over the  bairiersinto that '���������land of .sorrow I  Baw aged rnen and Avoinen���������there are  no  voting    left���������plowing    the    stonv  ficlelV'   - '  This is tragedy, and the full force of  it comes in the words "there are no;  young left." : .i,;....-,������������������"  A beautiful Avorld this is. and Nature,  never Avas no lovei.y "and bountiful as  now, but the ambitions of men trample  upon the flowers and rob the homes.  The French Govevnnient has promised French farmers .-?1.7'j per bushel  for all the spring''.wheat they grow  this year.       ' ���������.  depends upon his power to  produce what the Avorld.  recognizes  as  of  A-alue.  And when you skirmish around  you'll   find    that   this    power���������  which   is just    power   of  mind.  and body���������depends to a remarkable degree on the food one cats.  For highest accomplishment  one must have, the best values  in food���������food which builds well-  balanced bodies and brains.  Pills   will  cure  von.  They will also tell you fhat Dodd's  Kidney Pills cure rheumatism, dropsy,  heart disease, diabetes, gravel and  Briglit's disease. That is because all  these diseases are either kidney diseases or are caused by diseased kid-  nevs.  The Mesopotamia!-) Expedition  It is a complete mif-conccption to  regard the Mcsopofamian expedition  as an unnecessary side-issue. It was  necessary, it was \wr-c, anel, in spite  of the fall of Kut it must be pursued  with all possible energy anel vigor.  It- Avas necessary for the defence of  our own interests in Persia and on the  gulf; it Avas wise as a means'of .relieving Egypt and. assisting-the. Rus-  .���������siaris.r.ancl it must now "be /'pursued, in  ' .'co-operation Avith Russia, to the ful-  ���������-filliiieht'of the- original "design.���������YVest-  .-minster Ciazettc.  ������������������������������������'   ���������"  ; There may be other corn cures, but  ���������Holloway's Corn Cure, stands at the  head of the list so far as results are  concerned.  FOOD  has 'that kind of value. If.  contains all the nutriment of  whole wheat and barley, including the important mineral  elements so often lacking in the  usual dietary.  Grape   Nuts   comes   ready   to  eat, is easy to digest, nourishing,  'economical,     Avonderfully     delicious���������-a help iu building men of  Avorth.        .'������������������.���������-  "There's a Reason"  For   the  Summer   Camper  Break your match in two before you  throw it away.  Clear oft a spot ten feet in diameter  for your camp fire. Watch the fire all  the lime,' and be sure it is out before  you leave it.  It doesn't, take a conflagration to  broil a trout. 'Have a small fire that  will burn the coals quickly. Dry hardwood branches arc best for cooking.  Throw your pipe ashes and cigar and  cigarette stubs into .streams only or  bury them in damp mineral soil.  If you own or use engines have spark  arresters on  them.  Burn your brush on calm, elamp  days, hot on dry, windy days.���������From  the Country Gentleman.  Ask for Minard's and take no other.  Canadian roslinn Orcal Co.,  Wi/alsoi*. Out.  Ijt'I.,  A Non-Conductor  .\n East Side teacher was endeaA*-  oring to elucidate some; of the simpler phenomena of electricity, and at  (he close of her little lecture said  sweetly: "Can any of you children  give me the name of some non-conductor and tell about it in a few  words?" A sharp-eyed urchin ex  claimed: "I kin, teacher  iy's old man is one.  spotter on his car seen  down a fare. Old Molly'  el iictor ever  Star.  Sam  Hol-  'hey  was  a  him   knock  a rioii-con-  since."���������Philadelphia  W.       N.  U.  Ill'  A collector of subscriptions for tho  brass band fund once came across a  farmer who Avas noted for his meanness. To iiis surprise the farmer at  once consented to subscribe fully as  a.rge a sum as any he had yet received. "Mr. Hardfist," lie said, addressing the farmer, "you are surely very  fond of music, to give so much?"  "Oh, yes," said the farmer;"they're  grand for scaring the crows from-ma  'taties when they're praclicin', an'  I'm grateful."  Sentry (aged nine}���������Halt! Who goe3  there?"  The Challenged (aged six)���������A friend  wif doughnuts.  j    Sentry���������Pass,    friend���������halt    dough-  (nuts'���������Judge.  Marketing- of Eggs  The   Co-operative   Marketing   oF   Eggs  in  Manitoba to be Furlhered-  During the past six months considerable activity has taken place in  connection with the organization of  co-operative marketing associations in  the province of Manitoba. A number  of tho associations which haveWiecn  organized are now shipping their  eggs co-operatively, and others. Avill  commence shortly. In contrast to the  usual methods of marketing eggs, those  produced by the members of the cooperative associations are shipped  direct to the larger centres, and the  members receive a cash price for their  produce. This method of marketing  has many advantages over the old  system of trading eggs for goods at  the local store; viz, for tlie improved  quality of eggs marketed a higher  price is received; shipments are made  more frequently; the quality of a  perishable food product is conserved;  by means of the 'case plan' method  of identification the" goods are paid  for according to quality; and finally,  the farmer himself is given, in cash  in hand, definite t-cngible evidence  of the magnitude of the returns received from the poultry on his farm.  That the Avork initiated to date has  met with general approval is evidenced by tlie number of requests for  meeting Avhich have been received.  These requests have been complied  with as quickly as possible, but owing to Ihe inclement weather previous  to seeding, there still remains quite  a number of places to be A-isited.  Plans aro being made to follow up  this Avork immediately, and as many  meetings as  possible will be held.  It is proposed, Avhen a sufficient  number of local associations have  been organized, to federate these and  form a Provincial Association which  will operate its own warehouse and  grading slation in Winnipeg.  In brief, tlie method of organizaton  recommended for local units is as follows: Tn districts where a number  of producers have expressed themselves as anxious lo undertake the  marketing of eggs and poultry cooperatively arrangements arc made to  hold a meeting and the whole subject  explained. Jf the matter under consideration meets Avith general approval, arrangements are made to  adopt ;i definite constitution and bylaws. A number of directors aro appointed, and they select from among  themselves the officers of the association, a\1io in turn appoint a collector  or business manager whose duty it is  to airange for the collection,1 shipment, and disposal of tho eggs, ft  is customary, also, to arrange, at the  time of the organization, for some  system, ot financing whereby the  necessary cases, fillers, and other  equipment necessary to properly carry  oil; Ihe business may . be purchased:  Some capital is also necessary in order,  that the members, may be paid with  reasonable promptness-for; their eggs;  A certain day .in the'. Aveek is chosen  as shipping day, and *it is understood  the, eggs are to be brought, in on that  day or tlie day before. The shipper  is usually paid on the commission  basis, Avhch ranges from 1-2 to le per  dozen, depending upon the season, and  also upon the amount of work entailed. The shipper also makes returns to the farmers on.the basis'of  the grading statement received, paying the full amount received less his  own commission and transportation  and   other   necessary   charges.  In districts Avlierc, for any reason,  it is not possible or convenient to  complete a fully organized association,  temporary arrangements may be made  whereby only a few nterested persons  may ship their eggs co-operatively,  and thereby obtain the benefit of direct  sale. In this c.'ise one of their number should be selected as a shippng  agent, or if not convenient possibly  the local merchant, elevator manager,  express agent, or someone else in tlie  vicinity who is conveniently located  might be induced to handle tliis part  of the  work.  Anyone desiring further information  regarding the co-operative marketing  of eggs as outlined aboA*c would do weli  to communicate with R. J. Allen, *I4  Margrave St., Winnipeg, the Manitoba representative of the Poultry  Division, or with the Assistant Live  Stock Commissioner,'Ottawa, in charge  of the Markets Policy of the Dominion  Live Stock Branch.  The Pill That Leads Them All.���������  Pills are the most portable and compact of all medicines, and when easy  to take are the most acceptable of  preparations. But they must attest  their power to be popular. As Par-  inelee.'s Vegetable Pills are the most  popular of all pills they must fully  meet all requirements. Accurately  compounded and composed of ingredients proven to be effective in  regulating the digestive organs, there  is no surer medicine to be had anywhere.  "Before marriage.' she told me she  loved rne a little.."  "Well?"  "If I had only known, how little."  ���������Kansas City Journal.  Jjieutenant Navarre, a French airman, bagged 19 Hun pjanes. Tliat is  what the Germans call Hun-kind.���������  Montreal Tatler.  Girls to Study Farming-  Alberta  to   give   Girls   Opportunity   of  Studying   Agriculture  "Equal rights" are to be extended  to Avomen avIio Avisli to take up agricultural courses in any of the three  schools of agriculture in the Province  of Albert a. The courses have been  taken by a number of young men of  the proAi'nco and luive proved %-ery  beneficial. Recently there haA-e been  applications from girls wlio Avish to  study  farming on  a scientific  basis.  The girls have previously been taking tho Domestic Science comses, but  apparently this field was not broad  enough t>, satisfy the female spirit of  tho AVesl. So it has been decided to  place the entire Avork of the schools  e-u the basis of "Equal Rights:"  To meet the demand which has  been made for courses, the m*-*ml>ers  of the council decided to urge upon  the provincial gOA-ernnicnt the desirability of establishing more farms  and schools throughout the province.  The future of the West is certainly  bound nj> in her agricultural resources.  Therefore loo much emphasis cannot  be placed upon agricultural education.  Scientific farming as' a profession is  moie suitable for Avomen than -are  many of the so-called learned professions in which they Jiave. already  entered. Alberta is wise in placing  no restrictions on the educational  rights of women in this respect.  Miller's Worm Powders, being in  demand everywhere, can be got at  any chemist's or drug shop, at very  snuill cool. They are a standard  remedy for Avorm troubles and can be  fully relied upon to expel Avorms from  the svFtcm anel abate the sufferings  that, worms cause. There are many  mothers that rejoice that they found  available so effective a remedy for tho  relief of their children.  QUICK HELP FOB CHEST SORENESS, HOARSE-  ESS,- ALL COMM TOGO flCKLl  Worst Cold or Sore Throat  Cured in Quick Order  HUB ON NERVILINE  An officer attached to the White  Mouse tells a story of a small boy  Avhout .President Wilson encountered  at Staunton, Va.:  Tlie President Avas speaking to a  crowd from the steps of- a s-ffminary  for girls. The boy pushed and shoA*ed  his Avay through the crowd until he  found himself squarely in front of the  President, whereupon he shouted excited I v.  "Where is it?   Where is it?"  Mr. "Wilson stopped his speech and  said good-naturedly: "Well, my boy,  I suppose I am it."  At this the youngster's face assumed  a look of dissust. "Oh." he said, in a  lower tone, "I thought it was a' dog  fight."���������KeAV York Times.  Rub Nerviline plentifully over the  neck and chest���������rub it in Avell���������lots of  rubbing can't hurt. The relief will be  surprising.  Kervilino is effectiA-e because it is  powerful���������about five  times stronger than  an ordinary liniment. Nerviline is  penetrating, sinks in  through the tissues,  gets right in Avhere the soreness and  congestion really are. Its action is  marvellously soothing. Rubbed on at  night, it draAA's out the inflamation,  and before morning* takes away-that  feeling of tightness,    and stop3    tho  cough entirely. ���������      %  Where, can  you -find   so powerful]  searching 'a  relief 'as Ncrvilineliior'j  bad cold?   Search the Avorld over a|_  you'll discoA-er nothing half so gooea  For nearly forty years Kervilinc hi  been quickly curing colds, coughs a;  throat troubles.   Thousands use it i  rheumatism, sciatica and neiualgb.  they   all   sptsak   avcII   of   this   graij  family   liniment,   because   they   lu  proAred its almost magical power.  WbencA-er yj  have em ache  pain, be it ncuralpj  sciatica, Jtnubai  joint or muscle stll  ness, always-remember that-Nervili  is the quickest, safest cure., ."EaVI  good dealer in mcdicinc'sells the lajf  50c-family size bottle of Ncrvilin  trial size 25c, or--direct from fl  Catarrhozone Co., Kingston, Ganadi  Keep    Minard's    Liniment     in    the  house.  Nellie, aged four, was gazing intently at the A-isitor's new bonnet.  "  "Well, dear," asked the lady at last,  "what do you think of it?"  "Oh. replied the small observer, "I  think it's all right. Aunt. Mary told  mama it avhs a perfect fright, but it  doc-su't frighten me any."  Rescues Under. Fire  Ptc. F. Watson, (Chatham, Ont.)  and Pie. J.' Payne, of the Canadian  Scottish have both been awarded the  Military Medal. A comrade, ivriting  from the trenches says:  "On the morning of April 3 the  Germans concentrated an intense  bombardment on certain dug-outs and  support trenches. No stretcher-bearers  or other medical personnel being on  the spot, rescue Avork was undertaken  by Pies. Watson .and .Payne. Nine  times they Avent out under heavy fire,  applying first aid to the injured and  carrying tliem back to cover. To their  gallantry at least seven men owe their  lives. One of these, who had been  buried in a dug-out, was released after  much labor while the bombardment  was still at its height."  Buttonholed by an over-inquisitive  journalist, a British Cabinet Minister  administered a neat rebuke. "Hoav  long do you think-thc Avar will last?"  a\ as the final question of a long series  asked by .the i*ntcrviewcr. Very  promptly the Minister asked: "How  long is a piece of string?" The inter-  A*icwer stared at him in astonishment.  "I���������I don't know," he gasped. "Neither do'I," said the Minister, cordially. "I'm clad Ave'vc agreed about  something.   Good morning."  War Hero Craze in Germany  Wooden -statues to tho memory  lieroes is the latest craze tliat is  flicting Germany. The display of Ii-i  Crosses lasted for some months, Li  the ridicule of the foreign press, j  gcthcr Avilh their multiplicity, kill?  that craze. Now if any one beloi-3  ing to city, town, or-A-iJJage is report*  officially or otherwise, as doing son!  conspicuous deed at the front, up,go|  a Avodden  statue  with  all  speed.  It has become quite a new profpj  sion, and, says a Avag, Avill contiutl  to bo so till the Berlin Military Heij  archy discovers that the needs' of t������  army show that the lumber- storJ  need replenishing. The statue to-va  Hindenbcrg set the pace to thecrazl  although up to the present tliat rnouJ  ment holds a' record for size. Thir'l  tons of spikes Ai-ero used to pierce tlj  wooden god as a means of collectiiS  money for the privilege of- slmw,ii*T  appreciation of hero's clcecls by"'dri������J  ing a nail into it. . .  Perhaps the washerla'dy AvhoSc mystification over a suit of pajamas is  recorded is a relative of lrer felloiy-  craftsAvoman new-to the family, avIio  delivered the Avash one day and said:  "Say, does ycr old man play in a  band���������or Avhere does ho wear-.them  striped  uniforms?"  "Sec. There's the great catch of the  season." ,  , -  "Indeed. And Iioav many coupons  did you-get with  him?"���������Judge  The Wool  Boom  There is continued bouyancy in t\y  big avooI markets of the Avorld b'.-l  cause of normal or restricted supplier  and the Avidespread demand for avoo'-T  len goods, caused by the tremendoiv'l  destruction of this article through -th'J  .war. = This" .is reflected in the rapi-j  and enormous growth of the fornietj  ,tiiA-ial United States export trade* t-i  a total of more than 950,000,000 ir  A-alue for the present fiscal year, OA-eil  ten'" times the ��������� amount of such ox*f  ports in any year preceding' the .wat-J  A? .  .   - '   ' :  * "I thought you -were a frosli ���������ai:L  fiend," said the visitor.' "So" I am.'f  "Then, Avhy** are all the Avindowra  closed?" "Because one of my.-iieigh-J  bors is just now playing an air onj  Jiis phonograph that is anything bu'f  fresh.''���������'Birmingham  Age-Herald.  Nerve Force is" so niucli liEe -Electricity, and tlie latter is so mucli ."Better understood 'that we have "used  this vivid telephone picture to illustrate what takes place in the human  system when the connecting nerve  fibres are deranged or something goes  wrong at Central.:  In the nervous system the 'brain'  is the Central where the Nerve Force  is created, and .whence are issued the  orders which control the whole human  body. Here is consumed one-fifth of  the hlood in the human b'o'dy, and  when the blood supply is deficient in  quality or -quantity, the brain and  the nervous system are first to feel  the effects. ��������� . .,.;���������  Neuralgic pains and headaches,  inability to resit or sleep or concentrate the mind, dizziness and noises in  the ears, are some of i,the symptoms  of a starved nervous, system.   '- ���������  Just as machinery lags when the  current of electricity fails, so the  bodily organs weaken when the supply of nerve force runs low. Digest  tion is impaired and you lose appetite, the liver, kidneys and bowels are  slow in performing their functions,  the heart's action weakens, circulation is slow, hands and feet are cold,  you are easily tired, lose ambition and  grow, downhearted and discouraged.  '.*���������,&'��������� This describes the condition under  which Dr. Chase's Nerve Food can prove of  greatest assistance to you. Forming'new)  rich blood it feeds the starved, exhausted  nerve and brain cella back to health and  vigor. ���������. The new vital, nerve force flows out  through the intricate system, of nerve fibres  to every member and every organ oC tho  body, carrying': new,, .vigor, energy and  strength and driving "out  and disease.  pain, ^weakness  50 cents a box, C for $2.50, all dealers, or Edmanson, Bates  & Co., Limited, Toronto-    Do not bo talked into accepting a  Imitations disappoint.  ;*?**f.'���������������'*#''  substitute.  Dr. Clwsm'a Recine Book, 1,000 a^dHUid rectocs, feat froo if you mettUoa tbjg  nABft-*-. ITT  SWUU4������~JU!LLMLJ1  -���������'..,. ~<JCTg  .**���������>'  "���������  THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.   ' B. "   C.  j-i. 'V  ''-rtiWJ?!  ,**, j ..-rtv^j-^?^!  t       . J*-"''*/, V1^'I  - - - .;-'.'���������-.$������������������  -,*   -'-rsM  ..    '-   'r     .'V.-Zr  PT THE ALLIANCE BETWEEN  PEAT BRITAIN AND RUSSIA MEAN  ksOLUTE   ACCORD   BETWEEN   GREAT   NATIONS  I  i'-gius Sazanoflfj-the Russian Minister, Says That It Has Become  An Alliance of the Hearts of the People, and That It Will  ' Assure the Peace of the World  fjl'lie absolute accord between Great  }ain   and   Jtussia  means  that  the  tnce formed*in time of war against  ^mnion enemy has become an alh-  !\,1-* for  all  time."  ^nis   spoke   Sergius   Sa/.onoff,   the  Jsian Eoreign Minister, in an inter-  $  Avith- Tlie London  Times  Pctro-  "_'���������: correspondent.  [jie  alliance  made by  the  Govcrn-  iffs has now become an alliance of  >ihearts of the  people," continued  Sa/.onoff.     "In  this- friendship   1  the   realization    of   the    fondest  m  of. my career, for in the true  dship of England and Russia the  si of the world is assured-fon* many  ((rations.    We have thus potential-  oil the war, although the struggle  y may continue for years. Crystal-  ion   of  the   idea    that    England,  ce and Russia cannot be aliehat-  sfablishes  the certainty that the  ral   Powers  have  lost  no  matter  they  may by fortitude  and in-  il   sacrifice  postpone  the  inevit-  day  of   the   admission   of  their  re,.  t-'ith    the  realization    of ihe En-  ;'s  amity  and  unity    must come  the permanent'dissipation of the  hieA-ous   idea   that  tlie  Russians  >}Ji people of ambitions and aggrcs-  design, planning to advance their  j{ aims at the expense of Europe,  "ling is'furl her from the Russian  actcr.'  With our southern outlet  e ' irrevocably  secure   in  pcrpetu-  [Wwilh tlie legitimate growth of and  llopment oi our economic and initial life secured, Avith our bound-  r is suitably- adjusted and our fellow-  ftrs assured of their due, the destin-  yand   aims  of  Russia  in the  Avest  '] fulfilled.    We  can  then turn to  |frue   aspirations  of  the  Russian  (jprnment and people, namely, the  ���������ftopnicnt of  our vast  empire  and  [furthering of the interests of the  [ion's peoples embraced Avithin our  fire.  I  "The realization of this solemn truth  must demolish the fallacies and fictions heretofore spread by enemies  regarding the alleged Slav peril to  Europe, and must bring convincing  evidence tliat the Russian docs not  stand as a menace to Norway, Sweden  or other neighbors. I hope tlie Swedes  Avill now realize the falsity of the  vicious idea that Russia has any national aspirations AvhatCA-er that in  the? slightest Avay infringe on their  national'" life, and I hope-the recent  rumors regarding the Aland Islands,  which now happily are dissipated,  will prove the. last error of,suspicion  of the SAvedes regarding Russia."  M. Sa/.onoff referring to the promises of Polish autonomy, said:  "No one deplores more than the  Russian Government the sufferings  Avhich have come to Poland and the  Polish ' refugees from the Teuton  scourge. His Majesty, the Emperor  has been so'moved at the distress of  his Polish subjects that the greater-  demands for human sympathy have  swept aside military aspects, and he  has freely given permission for wiele-  spread relief Avork to be conducted  among them by the Rockefeller Commission for it seemed better to him  that there should occur a Jeakage in  ihe relief provisions than that a single  Polish subject should suffer unncces-  saiily.  ,��������� "The Poles cannot expect that in  this life and death struggle avc will  be able to outline in full oui* program  for Poland's future, 'but that Poland  will receive a just and equitable autonomy in the greatest degree, adjusted to its future life and its economic  and industrial development is certain.  The Poles and the friends of the Poles  may. therefore, look forward to the  Russians for a dawn of a new era and  a .period of unexampled development  Avhich will follow the inevitable successful conclusion of the Avar."  jictory  Grenfell   Thinks     That  the   War  5*Will   Last For Some Time Yet  'ipine  very  itneresting. observations  ���������rtlio Avar*are made by Dr. Wilfred  *   renfell   of Labrador fame  in  an  j'ele in the current issue of tlie Noav  >k Outlook.    Upon his return from  ���������Jirador   last   autumn,   Avhere'for   a  Vti-r of? a century he has been con-  /���������jting  a'great Avork  of  civilization.  i,\ Grenfell  felt impelled, during  a  .nter   vacation   from   that   Avork,   to  Mopt   a  position  Avith .the  Harvard  |'-gical   unit, -operating   iu   France.  Ver, at the. request of British head-  Jkrtcrs, he A*isited the northern arm-  ���������a in France in order to gain more  fleet  experience    in  the  first    line  lurches.  teskecl by the  Outlook  to give his  Fjiuctions about the Avar from expe-  fhee, Dr. Grenfell expresses his own  j'-sonal  A'ieAVS on  a great variety of  injects,   propounding   the   different-  l>*>ects  of  the  great struggle  in   the  pirn, of questions Avhich he endeavors  I-jansAver.    The article is too long to  Ifil  Avith in detail  in this column���������  fit reference may Avilh profit be made  if ce-rtaiii    questions    which  are   in  fti-rybody's mind these clays.  K\nsAvering    the    question:      "Hoav  ({out Verdun?'     Dr.   Grenfell   says:  gJlie Germans brought, half, a million  li-n from the Russian front to take it.  f'licral   von   Bissing  said   that- fhey  re prepared to  sacrifice that num-  2t to take it.   They have paid up to  lite   a  quarter  of   a  million.    What  I'.'y Avant is the moral effect, not the  Il-'ce of country, though they have a  ['.���������king hope that its fall might smash  Te spirit of France.    There  are two  liisses of people in Germany today:  lie  military  loaders  avIio   know  they  I'linot beat the allies, but hope they  |\iy   dnve  the   Avar  to   a   stalemate;  fid   there   are  the   soldiers  and  the  I'ople   AA-ho   still   believe   they   have  Ion,   and  for   Avhom  it  is   necessary  Ra'tVerdun should be taken to keep  TV the delusion."  'Asked "Hoav Avill the end of the Avar  Jime?" Dr. Grenfell ansAvers: "Some  |iy  it must be through military vic-  ��������� ries in the field.    Personally, Avith-  Jmt more help I fear this cannot be  ���������r some time, but I am. equally sure  ;' can be."   Others seem to think the  j*-iitrnl nations avi'11 have to join in..to  Jefeat Germany.  'Will fhc* Avar end soon?" "No, I  ;.) not think it will. The general opin-  ;in is that it will last a long time  mger. yet not a single soul doubts  fiat the* allies Avill Avin in. the end."  Dr. Grenfell tells of the wonderful  ���������Ork" of the British army medical  vrps, Avhich has held down the wast-  -le from sickness all the Avuy between  lie Yser and"the Somnie, during Avin-  ���������r in a country like Flanders, to just  jalf '''thai in ordinary civil life." A  Jingle case of. typhoid diagnosed any-  fthere in the. four armies would be  Ynown the same night at headquarters,  |,e: says, and ah inquiry made locally  1'ouki   follow   automatically.  The Germans are cruel, systematically so, says Dr. Grenfell. Their cru-  hty is part of their organized policy  Jl fright! ulness, every-act being justified on the ground that "it is neces-  lary." On fire contrary, Dr. Grenfell  jays the Turks are not cruel like the  Kermans. He confirms the report  111 at German soldiers are doped on oc-  jasion before going into action, and  Be records Avounded Germans as ex-  liaining the reason Avhy tlie Germans  Rill continue to attack in massed  formation, despite the enormous losses  ^life enfaUeel thereby, or- the ground  '���������'%kSS"''Targe num.bei'3 'will not attack  c%f-^jill without the stimulus 0i befne?  Jder to shoulder with other men."  "���������Jis not  because*  of  any  lack  of  courage, but because the heart of the  aA'erage German soldier is not in the  war.   ,  Some of the. most interesting of. Dr.  Grenfell's observations are on the  topic of how the people in Great Britain anil France regard the attitude  of the United Slates loward the great  struggle. An extract,or two Avill suf-  suffice: "All the men 1 saw ,av1io take  life at all in earnest, arid have seen  for themselves aa-.1iat a German triumph would -r.-mcaii./are unable.to  understand hoAv anyone can be -neutral. iioav, any more than they can  understand a person being neutral  about prostitution or piracy. Not oiie  of them can understand how a democracy could exist in a Avorld in Avhich  tho German ideal was triumphant.  Even if the Allies Avin unaided, they  Avill feel a sort of sorrow that a country as idealistic as American individual sympathy proves America still to  be, should have to Jive in a Avorld  made tolerable only by her kith and  kin after a gigantic struggle in AA'hich  she had no part. All the best men  that T talked it over Avitl^jfelt. that  this is the only real danger to America: those that really love America  always said they ho.ja.ed she might see  this  in time.  An Impression  Of Kitchener  Not Always Popular, But Always  Adored  by the   British  Soldiers  In the book "With Kitchener to  Khartum," G. W. Stevens summed up  his impressions of the "Organizer of  Victory" in terms that have stood the  test of time and change. 'He stands  several inches over six feet." he wiote,  "straight as a lance, and looks out  imperiously above most men's heads;  his motions are deliberate and strong;  for tireless, steel wire endurance,  rather than for power or agility; that  is irrelevant. Steady passionless  eyes, shaded by decisive bioAvs; brick  red, lather full cheeks; a Jong mustache beneath AA'hich you divine an  immovable mouth; his face is harsh,  and neither appeals for affection nor  stirs dislike. All this is irrevelant,  loo; neither,' age nor figure, nor face,  nor any accident of person has any  bearing on the sirdar. You could  imagine the character just fhc same  if all the externals A\ere different,  lie has no age but the prime of life,  nobody but one to carry his mind, no  face but one to keep his brain behind.  The brain and the will arc the essence and the Avhole of the man���������a  brain and a will so perfect in their  workings that, in the face of the ex-  tremest difficulty, they never seem  to know what struggle is. You cannot  imagine the sirdar otherwise than as  seeing the right thing to do and doing it. His precision "is so inhumanly  unerring, he is more like a machine  than a man���������other generals have been  loved; none Avas ever better trusted���������  for Anglo-Egypt he is the mahdi. the  expected; the man who has sifted experience and corrected error, aa-Iio has  Avorked at small things and Availed for  great; marble to sit*~still and ffro "to  smite; steadfast, cold, and inflexible;  the man avIio has- cut out his human  heart and made himself a machine to  retake Khartoum."  This was just on twenty-two years  ago. George Stevens died, in Lady-  sin ith, and the brilliant* hand Avas not  available to.chronicle the same relentless methods by Avhich Kitchener  brought to an end the Boer Avar.*  In all the bitter .campaign IcA-elled  against him in recent months Lord  Kitchener had never found for a moment any faith and the ungrudging  support o'f the common people "has  failed him. He did not seek popularity���������rather he spurned it���������but there  Avas something in his stern patience,  his hard rectitude, his Avhole-soulecl  dcA-otion, tJiat appealed unerringly ,  to the imagination* of the multitude.  Feared though he Avas, he was adored  by the private soldier, and sorrow and  a personal sense of loss enters today  the humblest home in Britain.  Coldest Summer  Years Ago  Russia and Poland  Poles  Have Faith  in  Russia's Pledges  to  Their   Country  Russian dailies of importance,, including the Slovo of Moscow, understand that Emperor William is perturbed by the solemn renewal of the.  Czar's pledge to Poland. Poland will  be a nation, using her oavh tongue,  teaching her own culture in her own  schools of all grades up to the university itself, declared Mr. Sa/.onoff to  the Dimiii. Germany, he* said, in  effect, will grant Poland nothing like  that. The episode became dramatic  Avhen the Polish deputy in the Duma,  Dr."' HarusieAviez, affirmed (hat his  country is irrevocably with -the allies  because they have sworn fealty to  the. principle of nationality. The  Poles, he added, ^'believe in the Russian pledge of a unification of dismembered Poland. They see in the  words of Premier Stunner the promise  of a Polish* nation governing,-itself  with the Czar as a constitutional  sovereign. The form of the Avords was  bold but the French pres? is a unit  in deeming the Polish deputy correct.  If the details supplied by the Figaro  are correct, Poles "throughout tlie  world are for the most part assured  of the good faith of the Russian  pledges. Even the sonieAA-hat suspicious Homme Encheiine, edited by  Cle.menceau, is convinced that the  Poles are justified in their acceptance of the Czar's, pledges to their  country. ������  When-Germans Find Out  The German people must demand  to 'knpA-.'i sooner or later.- Avhethcr  their armies arc in sooth Avinning this  Avar. If they are Avinning it they must  demand that as their smallest reAvard  there shall be given to them bread  and meat to sustain them in their  labors lo keep an invincible nrmy  afield achieving such glorious A-ic-  tories. If they are not Avinning it  they must demand that the military  dictatorship abandon a struggle Avhich.  if it Avasv bootless Avith ample supplies  of men and of food and of treasure,  must be hopeless with the whole nation Avorn down to bare bone. For  nearly two years the German people  have been deceived by their military  autocrats as to Avhat they Avere gaining. They cannot be deceived forever.' They cannot be deceived many  months longer. Want and starvation  Avill tell them the truth. Then the  militarists Avho. recklessly anil Avan-  tonly" setting out to wreck Europe.  haA'e ruined their oavii .country, must  ansAver to the German people. That  will be the beginning of the end.���������  Ncav York Press.  Just  a   Hundred   Years  Ago,   in   1816,  There Was no Summer Weather  While it is all very Avell to celebrate  centennials, it is to be hoped that the  Aveatlier man Avill not go 'so far' as to  make this summer a iepefitio������ of that  of 181G. AVhile most of those who  experienced the n'gors of the cold  summer of a hunched years ago are  now dead, there are many stiJl aboA'e  the sod avIio can i-ecall the stones told  by the oldest inhabitants about that  invful summer of '10.  Up to .lime of that inclement year  flic AAeulher avhs variable but not  markedly different from that of previous years. In June old Mamma Nature set out to establish a new record  for frigid summers. The cold AvaA-e  Avhich started just one hundred years  ago spread lo a large part of the United Slates and Canada. Nor Avas the  general inclemency of that epochal  year confined to North, America. It  avhs the coldest summer in Europe as  well as on this side of the Atlantic.  Early in June a'blizzard raged over  a large part of NeAv York, Ncav England and Canada, the snowfall reaching a depth of from seA-en to twelve  'inches in Lower Canada, Maine and  Vermont. The blizzard extended to  the interior of New York and to Massachusetts and there Avere light snow-  faita.._as far south as Pennsylvania.  VermoiTtT and the adjacent sections  of Canada and New York suffered the  most. In lhn middle of June there  Avas another heavy snowfall. On the  seA'entcent li of June n. Vermont farmer  Avent out to get his flock of sheep in  the pasture, but the snow storm became so sca'ctc that he Avas lost, and  it Avas not until three-days later that  he Avas found on the side of a hill,  Avith both feet fiozen and unable to  move.  July Avas not much of an improvement on- June. On the fifth of July  ice of the thickness of Avindow glass  formed throughout New England and  Ncav York and in parts of Pennsylvania, Avhile in Canada--tlie ice avhs  much thicker. August Avas OA-en Avorse  than July, and neither month had  many days Avhen it, av.ts eA^en comfortably Avarm. Ice half an "inch thick  Avas common. In England there Avas a  light snowfall in August, not far from  London.  Tlie first t.Avo Avecks of September  Avere mild and balmy, Avith a foAv days  really hot. but then the" Avcather  changed and Avinter set in. Tu England J8J6 av.is known as "tho year  without a summer," and the descrip--  tion Avas A-ery nearly true.  In many places floods Avere an accompaniment of thc^cold'Aveather, and  famine stalked as an aftermath. Indian, corn everywhere Avas practically  destroyed, and the little that Avas'  groAvn or saA-ed over from- 1815 , Avas  carefully preserved for seed and commanded four' or five dollars a bushel:  Almost all crops' were destroyed in  both North America and Avcstern  Europe. Tn France constant rains  fell throughout the greater part of  the summer, "and. except for a large  potato crop, a general famine .might  have prevailed. "As it Avas, hundreds  perished of starvation, and the French  goA-crnmcnt had to adopt strict measures for conserving the food supply  in order to make it go.'round. The  Mississippi Avas flooded tliat summer  and much damage Avas done in New  Orleans. In Canada and the NeAv England and middle States many people  Avere reuced to short rations in the  av inter of 3816-17.  Scientists and theologians vied Avith  each other in seeking explanations of  the unusual weather. By some it, Avas  held that the end of the Avorld was  approaching, and a great many fc.ared  that the sun Avas cooling off. In 1817,  howCA-er, Old Sol Avas back on the job  AviUi all his customary vigor, and the  superstitious  fears  Avere   relieved.  23  BACK TO THE LAND MOVE  SHOULD RECEIVE Al  IMPETUS  TEACHING   THE   ADVANTAGES   OF    RURAL   LIFE  Should be the Duty of Canadians to go out and Possess the Land,  The Good, Green Earth, Which is the Foundation of  Whatever Prosperity Our Country Enjoys  Why do the newspapers of the country deA'ote so little attention to the  movement known as "Back to the  Land?" A united press following out  a concerted.poliey in this regard could  accomplish mo, e in a single year than  any other known agency in a decade.  No one Avould have the hardihood'to  deny that a large general movement,  reducing the disproportion between the  urban and farming populations, would  automatically produce economic, social and moral changes of immense  importance and value to the entire  country.  What should be the ground of such  an appeal? It should be the duty and  privilege of Canadians to go out and  possess the land, the good green earth,  the real foundation of Avhatever prosperity our country enjoys.  The Avar will be over some day, and  the immigrant Avill again be knocking  at our gates. These people are coming, arid they will come, Avith a clear  understanding of the .situation ��������� a  clearer understanding than our people seem' to have. They knoAv the  meaning, and value of a life close to  the soil. It means independence, comfort, a liome. r  , Our city men should take heed. The  pioneering era, Avith easy opportunities, free land, Avide sp.lces. cannot  last much longer. If our city dAvellers,  struggling in the crowded occupations  of modern life, do not seize tlie mo-  'rnent and act, there are hosts of people ready to grasp the prize which lies  before them, and the sons'and daughters of Canadians of the present gen-  take  and  era tion will be landless.  Our countiy people should  heed. Their younger sons  daughters should go ,out and possess  the land instead of drifting into the  cities. ,What folly for the childlen  to thiow aAv.iy the gifts Avhich Avere  Avon for them by the courage, endurance and Hi lift of their pioneering  fatheis and molheis avIio made thia  countiy1 f  Those much-enduring pioneers themselves can, if they will, do much to  secuie for their children the heritage  now too lightly esteeme-i. Let them  take a iea.1 piide in their calling and  their achievements. Let them preach  in season and out of season the ad-  A-antages of ruial life. They haA'e  with good reason an abiding faith1 and  confidence in the goodness,of'tbe land  they own and live on. Let them extend their peitriotic faith a little beyond . the boundaries of their own'  farms. They should take a reallpride  in their local distiict and say,a good'  Avord, not only for farming as a profession, but also for the district and J*  province in which they live. vThV,  habit of grumbling, of "knocking/*  of pessimism, is the most vicious,and  destructive force operative in the  social and economic life of rural com-*  munities today. If this stupid practice could be replaced overnight by a .  permanent habit of speaking AA-ith  optimism, courage and self-respect, it'  would do more to reduce the drift of  the agriculturist than much legislation-,  and many prayers.��������� Winnipeg Free  Press. ''  Was a Man of  Practical Vision  Late J.   J.   Hill  Always   Had   Faith  in  The  Canadian   West  James J. Hill not only grasped the  immediate greatness of the Mississippi A-alley but also the coming greatness of the Canadian West. Jie Avas  the pioneer to bring the railways up  the valley of the Red River and later  on connected up his railway systems  with SaskatchcAvan and British Columbia, lie knew the valley of the  Saskatchewan and foresaw the greatness  of  the  Peace  l-ti\-er country.  Only one phase of Mr. Mill's grasp  of things Avas his -coiiA'iction that if  the Mississippi A-alley avhs possessed  of a marvelous fertility it Avas .absolutely necessary in the achievement  of that fertility to have the A'ery best  class of seeds and the very best kind  of live stock for breeding and he devoted a great' deal of his time to .the  furtherance of those two objects. He  Avas always preaching to the American and Canadian farmer the value  of thrift and the necessity of the  selection *of good seed arid good stock.  His one disappointment Avas the  Orient, but he demonstrated to his  own satisfaction that the oriental  trade Avas largely a chimera and ap  developing  the great  trade  routes  of  this continent.���������Toronto World.  Passing of the Prairie  The Dominion government nurseries haA-e given out tAventy million  trcet to Avestern farmers in the past  year. The AA-estern farmer is getting  the right idea. One of these days the  prairie . will . pass aAvay. ��������� Calgary  Herald.  Wonderful British Sub Feat  Nose of E-Boat Smashed by Explosion, Yet Her  Strength and" Her Efficient Mechanism Saved It  Savings of People*  S. W. Strauss, of Chicago, president  of the American Society for Thrift, in  contributing a short article on "The  Spectre of Pauperism" to the January  number of Leslie's Weekly Illustrated,  gives some startling figures and facts  He pointed out that in the United  States 60 out of every 100 people that  die leave no estate whateA'er. Of the  remaining 34 only 9 leave more than  $5,000. and the average is a little less  than .'j,],;i00 for the balance of 25.  He further pointed out that at age  sixty-five, 97 out of every 100 people  are partly or Avholly dependent upon  relatives, friends or the public for  food, clothing, etc., and that in the  United States 98 per cent, of the people are living from day to day on their  Avages,--and tliat a loss of employment  Avould mean pauperism for all but 2  per cent.  A neAv 6,556 miles coal basin is being opened up by a 500 mile extension  to the Siberian Raihvay.  In a certain dockyard in England  there is to be found a splendid tribute  to the prowess of British submarines  and the skill of those who man them.  It is one of the finest of the British  under-sea boats, -/which, with her Ijoav  twisted and bent as the result of a  collision Avith an enemy mine in enemy Avaters, coA-ered a distance of  almost three hundred miles under her  own poAver and arrived safely in a  home port. Through the courtesy of  the British Admiralty the correspondent Avas permitted to see this submarine and talk with her officers and  crew.  She is in harbor with her boAv facing  torn into strips and two of her torpedo tubes crushed. Her plates are  crumpled, tAvo of her bulkheads aro  broken away from the bow; but in her  tubes are two unexploded torpedoes.  Their casing is twisted and caved in  and the mouth of the aft tube is jammed. But the quality of the big explosive in her torpedoes and the  mechanism controlling it .prevented an  explosion, thus saying her from total  destruction.  She struck the mine head on. The  collision smashed two of her bulkheads, broke all glass aboard her and  sent the ci'cav sprawling to ihe floor  of the compartments. But her torpedoes did not explode, her engines  did not fail to register; she dropped  to the bottom of the sea and tlie water  flooelcd in under the doors of the torpedo tubes aft. But within ten minutes after the collision she had been  righted*, come to the surface and  turned" her nose toAvards home.  . When I looked at her lying there  Avith her exposed tubes shining in the  sunlight and her bulkheads in strips  of rusty iron it seemed incredible that  she. had been under the coast guns  of,the e.neniy, that she could have  maiTe in lie?" damaged cohcTition a  journey  of   throe  hundred   miles,   re  obtain. And added to this ay as the.  fact that she had made the voyage  in a high sea: that for twe-nty hours,  defenceless, she evaded the enemy  patrols.  1 had heard stciies of German submarines sunk by a single shot.^so I  ,asked   one   of  the   officers.. how   this  boat   j-aci   surviA'ed   the   tremendous  bhoc.k ol tr,e mine explosion.  "She held because of her strength,"  he said. "It broke her nose and it  tore off two of her bulkheads. But  she held.. The. efficiency of the pumps  was riot impaired. Within tAvo min-;  utes avc. had them working."  He asked me if I Avould not go below and see the marks of the disaster. So I followed him across a gangway and upon the h.-utoav iron deck  which already was beginning to show  red patches of rust. The hatch Avas  open. Below I could see a Avhite  compartment with brass fittings.  t do not know Avhat I expected to  find, iiu* Avhen T stood in this com-  partmemt I could se/e no traces Avhat-  soeA-er ol the catastrophe. Directly  in front of me the four rear doors  of the torpedo tubes, painted a brilliant Avhite, and to my right and left  the great shining torpedoes Avere  clamped in their racks. Only the  wheel controlling the bow rudder  was not true. The slender brass rod  supporting it had suffered from the  vibration.  This Avas the. only mark made by'  tlie mine of the enemy. Not that it  Avas to bo estimated as minor damage, for the rudders have their part  to play in the rise and dive and it  was necessary to come up from the  bottom of the sea. Not a simple matter Avith the rudders not under control.  "You see," one of the officers explained to me, "we didn't Iciioav Avhat  had happened���������the w^ter av as pouring  in aft (ind "broken glass Avtis everywhere. Va'o didn't know much of her  avhs gone. We knew that every man  aboard had .been knocked flat on bis  lass off the dials av.*is  didn't  know  Avhat  was   to  become of  us."  In tAvo minutes the order to rise had  gone through to the engine room and  the pumps Aveie going. But Avhether  avc were going to rise or not remained  to be seen.  "It Avas still enough, down there, after all the noise of the explosion and  the smashing of the glass. You could  hearthe motors turning���������it's not much  of a sound they make���������and the testing of the Avireless. We Avere glad  enough to hear that. Anel Avhen we  saw the bubble in the clinometer Avas  still registering inclination we knew  tbat matters were'not as bad as they  might have been.  "Then they tl.ireAV in tlie levers. We  waited. That Avas a bad minute. Then  the broken glass began to rattle around  under foot again. We Avere moving.  We Averen't long in getting up. At  any time there's nothing like": coming  up into the air and sunlight afterv  you've been under for a bit. But this  was different. Yes, this was .a bit-  different."  This was how he told nic the story  of the black interval when these officers and the men of the crew Avaited,  submerged, at, some 200 feet below  Avater level, not knowing whether or  not their bulkheads Avere destroyed.  Avliether their instruments were irreparably damaged, whether or not they  Avould ever come up again into the  sunlight. It was his ship that he  seemed to think of above all other  things.  "We found out Avhat Ave'el come into." he said. "Then it was whether we  could make a port alone. The' Avireless Avas Avorking���������that is, we could  send; we. couldn't receive. We took  a look at the boAv facing at the bulkheads. They looked pretty bad hanging loose in strips. But avc decided we  could make it. The engines were right,  and there wasn't a broken dial aboard  her. The periscope was true. It Avas  only her nose and her rudder that  Avere gone.  "So Ave started back. If we picked  up anybody on the. Avirless Ave kneAv  that they had Avork of their own to  do.    So Ave drove    along    under    our  The Belgian  Relief Fund  Persistent   Rumor   That     Funds     For  Sufferers  are  Diverted  is   Denied       <  Repoits still persist that the German occupants of ^Belgium are profiting by the importation of foodstuffs  under the supeiA-ision of the Belgium  J-tclref Committee. The latest report  to this effect appears to have emanated fiom the Krench newspaper "Lo  Temps," Paris.  Mr. Herbert Hoover, the head of tha  relief conimis,*ion, firmly denies ih<*  truth of tins. He has frequently made,  such denials and he again states that  all food mid all supplies shipped  through the Belgian relief commission  and its branches is assured of safe  dcliveiy to its destination. Early in  the A\ork of the commission small portions of the food Aveie taken from local  depots by tire Germans, but in every  instance, after affans Avere straightened out, this food Avas paid for and the  money placed to the credit of the  Belgians. ^_  As a matter of fact, there is no other  safe AAay in aaMcIi food can be sent  to Belgium except through the.   Bel-  plied himself Avith redoubled vigor to, giaa r(fHef commi^tee.   Tins committee  just, now has its Avork cut out for if.  The conditions in Belgium have rapidly groAvn worse until now there, aie  seven million people almost Avholly  dependent on this organization for  their daily food. The immense financial chain to meet this demand can  hardly- be imagined.  To meet tins the committee is sending out new 'appeals and directing  there paiticularls' to prosperous Canada. The Belgian relief committee,  59 St Peter Street, Montreal, is receiving the donations for Canada.  Has yours gone fornuid yet?  Koyal Marriages  Appear to  Have  Had no  Effect Whatever  on the  Preservation  of  Peace  It does nof appear that the Germans celebrated the birthday of the  Kaiser's sriandmofher with any degree  of enthusiasm. At one time it Avas  regaidcd as a matter of great diplomatic and international impoitance  and a rmarantoe o! peace to the nations concern* e* a* hen inaniages Aveie  arranged between the loyal houses of  i':uro:jc* Al the nations of Europe  practicallv- aie lelafed by man nige and  most of them by blood. It has had  no effect AihateAvr upon the preservation of peace. In fac-i, ������oine of the  monaichs in quest ion seem to haA*e  used their opportunities of intimacy  vo gain knowledge! which enabled  them to take, advantage of their relaT  tives. At any rate royal marriages  as an antidote to war has not been-'  a success.  When it is remembered that these-  royal marriages have been advanced  in recent goneM-ations as a. strong argument in favor .of ��������� monarchical institutions the present Avar will be  seen to have removed one of .the last  remaining props of the old school'of  monarchists. If monarchy is to continue, it must lie on better grounds.  Great Britain has taken her own way,  in these mutters in recent years and  royal marriages have been estimated  at their true  value.  Germany lias really made more out  of the marriage market than any,  other nation. Her princelings are settled in every country in Europe, and  generally 1o* the disadA-anfeige of the  people Avith Avliom they settle. The.  Kaiser was a great favorite of Queen  Victoria, and he has repaid her memory Avith the basest ingratitude. His  eldest son is certainly the most vehement hater of things British that  can be found. All of Avhich is rather  To dislike a na-  turning to a safe harbor with the in-   face, that the glass off the dials av.*i  formation that she had been sent to'rattling  about  under   foot.      But av  power. It Avas a bit of bad sea, but childish and petty.  avc. made it. The Avaves broke over the tion is useless in accomplishing any-  bi'id-*e and pounded the one bulkhead thing. The true Avay is to Avork lot  we had left forward. its   regeneration     and     improvement.  "And so," he said, and smiled, "we I Hatred    only    destroys.���������From    tSie  e I came home  Toroivio World.  ��������� ���������"M  '/'j-  ./���������Awv-yi  ."Y.v*-1  z-4  .v MMM^^taiM  ���������I J^J.  .Ti'Sj-e-j ������������������<-������--  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  J-Aw/l:  ������tlB  '���������"���������Hi'  HERE are extremes in beach clothes  as well as in dress, and while one  does not have to accept the most  bizarre suits offered .for surf wear, one's  bathing costume must be distinctive just as  much as one's evening gown or street suit.  It is easily seen, therefore, that beach  clothes will  follow  the  general trend of into a most attractive bathing  fashions in dress.     Colors  are very vivid, suit by means of running the  many dress materials are used and lines are stripes in two directions   The  often similar. wide  girdle  portion is  one-  A combination of "materials and colors sided, like many frocks, and  is noticed in the suit which shows dark-blue the arrangement of the side pleat extending  taffeta with overskirt and cape of red tussore, over the girdle is odd.   Another touch is the  The cape has a set-in sleeve of the tussore, band on top of the arm ending in a ruff, as  Its short bolero cut gives the suit a Spanish an excuse for a sleeve.   The collar is white  effect which is heightened by the wide-brim- Georgette crepe.  -  med bathing hat.   This brim, by the way, is Black is always a safe choice, especially  detachable when milady braves the waves, .for the stout woman. The black suit pictured  The bloomers of this suit are fashioned like makes up for lack of color by novelty of cut.  riding breeches and clasp tightly just below A slightly full shoulder ruffle is cut in one  the knee���������the "jockey leg" it is called. with a central box pleat which, in turn, runs  Another blue taffeta is combined with into the top skirt flounce.   All the ruffles are  a gray for hem and shoulder inserts.   The hemstitched.  joinings" of the two materials  are  finished Pongee is a new material in the bathing  with cords.   This is a very conservative suit, suit world.   It is used in a stunning striped  but it is none the less smart for its quiet lines, pattern to fashion the suit that is cut some-  A shade hat for beach wear is worn with the what on sports dress lines.   This  suit has  suit, of cretonne and soft gray hemp. separate bloomers, clasping below the knee,  Stripes are every bit as smart on the of the plain purple trimming silk.   The side  beach as they  are  on  the street.   A dark portions of the blouse extend into sash ends  green and white dress taffeta is fashioned and tie in the back.  Wfc&fix^Z&ZF- , "-?--  ���������ftp. ammr**nmwm'W*f***<mwmi*% H i  THE  GAZETTE,  HEDLEY,  B.  C.  ,Vj  IV  J?  t  w  )  The Day of  :< Reckoning  How Much War  Indemnity Will Germany be Able to  Pay?  -. A mathematical expert, of the sort  who spends his time figuring how  many matches placed end to end  ���������would reach from here to the nioon,  has been devoting his attention to  the question of whether it will be  possible to extract an indemnity from  a beaten Germany and, if so, how  niuch. The results of his calculating  Avould seem to show that there will  ,be grave difficulty in saddling upon  ,the enemy anything like the Avhole  cost of the Avar, to say nothing of inflicting a punitive, fine.  Taking the Franco-German Avar of  1870-71 as an example, the direct cost  to Germany Avas estimated at ������60,-  000,000, while the indemnity levied  Avas ������200,000,000. On the same lines,  estimating Great Britain's direct expenses to date at ������2,000,000,000, she  should demand an indemnity of ������7,-  000,000,000. France and Russia could  also fairly ask for a similar sum because, though they have not spent so  much as Great Britain, they have sustained heavy loss through occupation  of .their soil. This Avould make  ������3,000,000,000. AlloAving ������3,000,000,-  000 for Italy and something adequate  for Belgium, Montenegro, Serbia and  Japan, we reach a total of about  ������30,000,000,000.  ,This Avould be approximately the  sum" due, on the German basis of, calculation, if the Avar were to close to-  morroAv. Obviously it must increase  [tor every day the struggle continues.  'Assuming that -it * will" last' until towards the end -of next summer, the  figures, by that time may fairly be  reckoned as double Avhat they are ncW,  especially if the expenditures 'of the  Biitish overseas Dominions are to be  taken into account as they fairly  "should be. We arrive, therefore, at  a grand- .total of ������60,000,000,000, or  $300,000,000,000 as due from Germany  for her little venture into the realm  of Avorld domination.  This is three or four times Avhat  German statisticians compute to be  the total Avealth of their country. We  seem, therefore, to bo up against a  practical illustration of the proposition -that no blood can be got out of  ' a stone. Probably the best Ave will  ever be able to make them do will  be to pay for the damage they have  infhcted .upon the rands they have  invaded. - This they should be compelled to make good even though in  1 the language of Herr von Bethmann-  Holhveg; they have to become tributaries dragging an endless chain of  debt through many miserable generations. How much Avould this cost  them? ' j--  No accurate data are available on  thcpoint, but ten uollars per Aveek  per head of population would not be  an extravagant demand under all the  circumstances. This Avould mean $40,-  000,000,000 to be divided among the  Avrongcc^ peoples of Belgium, France,  Serbia, ,:Mantenegro and Poland. Hoav  to raise, such a sum is the problem  Germany will have to face.  The nearest, thing Ave ha\re yet seen  to a ' rational" suggestion in this connection is that the debt she has contracted during the Avar should be confiscated. That is to say, the Allies  should take possession of all those  obligations and collect the interest  instead of alloAving it to be paid to  the subscribers. Imperial and state  loans outstanding .when the war began  could be seized in the~ same Avay. If  in addition Ave could get possession  of the ������123,000,000 of gold in .the  Eeichbank and of any stocks of merch-  .andise the may have left over Avhen  peace comes, we might perforce agree  to let it go at that.  This, of course, concerns only the  financial part of the settlement to be  exacted. The German colonies are  gone from her beyond recall, and she  Avill also have to give up Alsace-Lorraine and to surrender or sink her  fleet. Though the figures here set  forth may look like a heavy burden  she could probably meet it Avithout  undue strain by sacrificing her pride  and going without an army or navy  for a geenration. She Avill have to do  that anyAvay, as a matter of safety,  to the rest of Europe. Her foreign  trade, most of which her superb organization will probably enable her  to quickly recover,* would enable her  to meet and pay the rest. In any  event, however, the direct expenses  incurred by the Allies will have to be  accounted a permanent loss. The  money will be gone and there simply  isn't any way of "getting it back from  anybody.���������Winnipeg Telegram.  Affects the   United States  ; The assumption that the Avar is an  ordinary one and that this country  is not related to it is baseless, as  effort for nearly tAvo years has been  made.in these columns to show. Ideas  are at stake * that vitally affect us.  The question has been as to whether  the'world was'to continue the development of. a democratic nationalism  that. Avould prepare the Avay for some  form of pacific internationalism, or  whether it Avas to become militarily  imperialistic. When Carthage fell before Rome it determined the future  of Greece. EA-en more intimately our  fate will be decided by the character  of the peace made in Europe. They  are dreamers taking no note of facts,  that dp,not realize that this country  has become part of the world and  must participate in its major affairs.  ���������NeAv York Globe.  Teuton War Losses  Biggest   in   World    According    to  An  American Authority  General "Jacob Eugene Duryee, civil  war veteran, has, prepared a study of  war losses Avhich shows that the German casualties in the present war exceed the war losses in Europe and  America for the entire eighteenth and  nineteenth centuries.  General Duryee is the son of the  late General Abram Duryee, organizer  of the Fifth Regiment, NeAv York  Volunteers, better knoAvn as Duryee's  Zouaves, and is the sole survivor of  the forty officers of that regiment. He  commanded the Second Maryland Regiment in the battle of Antietam at the  age of 24. He lives in California, but  is at present visiting friends in ,New  York. The General- has taken , his  figures for losses in the present Avar  from the NeAv York Times.  His study sIioavs that in the battles  of the eighteenth century there Avas  a total of 1,865,700 men engaged, of  Avhom 316,450 Avere killed or Avounded;  in the battles of tho nineteenth century there Avere 7,315,912 men engaged  and 1,088,641 killed or Avounded, making a total for both centuries of 9,-  181,612 men, Avith casualties of 1,405,-  091. He quotes the British official  estimate of German losses, published  in The Times of May 11, showing casualties of 2,822,079, concluding that in  the twenty-one months since August,  1914, the Germans have lost 1,084,000  more men than Avere lost by all the  nations of Europe and America in the  battles of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries".  In none of the battles General  Duryee takes into consideration were  there less than 75,000 men engaged,'  the loAvest on the list being the battle  of Orthez, in 1814, with 77,000 men  engaged. The greatest number* in any  battle, exclusive of the present war,  was at Leipsic. in, 1813, Avhen 440,000  men fought. In the four great battles  of the nineteenth century ��������� Leipsic,  Wagram, Borodino, and ** Bantzen���������  there were altogether 1,373,000 men  engaged. In the eighteenth century  there Avas only one battle fought in  Avhich there Avere as many as 200,000  fighters, the battle of Malplaquet, in  1709.  In comparison Avith the many battles in the present war, in which many  hundreds of thousands face each other,  General Duryee sIioavs that of the fifteen great battles of the civil lAar in  none Avere as many as 200,00 engaged.  The battle of Fredericksburg in '*-*R2  with 190,000 men ���������-���������nd'the battle of  Chancellorsville Avith 192.000 in W-J  Avere the largest in the nmih-sr cf men  engaged. The losses in these battles,  hOAvever, Avere smaller than in others  in Avhich feAver *:nen Avere engaged,  notably Gettysburg, Chickamauga,  Spottsylvanis,- and the Wilderness.  The bloodiest battle fought in the  eighteenth and nineteenth - centuries  Avas Leipsic, Avhen W2,0f'll were killed  or Avounded of the 440 000 engaged. Tht.  bloodiest battle on this continent Avas  Gettys-btrg Avhere 37.000 Avere killiid  and Avounded, of 163,000 engaged."*'  General,, Duryee gives -the=-following  list of German casualties as taken  from The Times:  Losses of German Empire up ,to  May 1, 1916: Killed or died of Avounds,  664,552; missing, 197,094; severely  Avounded, 385,515; Avounded, 254,627;  slightly Avounded, 1,023,212; total, 2,-  525,000. This does not include prisoners, those avIio died of sickness, or  those Avounded Avho remained Avith  units, the grand total being 2,822,079.  ���������NeAv York Times.  Russia to Build Railways  In   Next   Five   Years     Proposed   Program Calls For Construction  of Fully 25,000 Miles  The American-Russian chamber of  commerce has received information  that members of the Russian cabinet  have decided -after a conference in  Petrograd to make preparations for  the construction of 25,000 miles of  railways in Russia within five years.  The Russian ministers of agriculture,  industry, commerce, finance and Avar  participated in the conference, according to this information. A report Avas  presented by a prominent Russian'  engineer asserting that after the war  Russia must plan for a system of rail-  Avays to link together all localities possessing potential natural Avealth and  that these neAV lines should be connected with the trunk lines in order  to develop her mineral and mining  industries. The necessity for railway  construction in that country has been  emphasized by the construction of  Russian transportation systems since  the beginning of the war. The American-Russian chamber of commerce expressed belief that there was a great  opportunity for American financiers  and construction companies, to share,  in Russian raihvay construction after  the Avar  Arctic Circle to  Dawson to Enlist  Two men from the farthest end of  the continent, and possibly from the  most   northerly   and   -emote   quarter  ,-of any of the millions who have enlisted on either side' in the great Avar,  arrived in Dawson recently, and will  ���������enlist in the Yukon company.    They  are William Annett and W. C. Keddy,  from Herschel Island and vicinity on  the Arctic coast, Avhere they have been  prospecting and trapping for years.  .'They  mushed    hunched3    of miles  :ncioss the hills and doAvn the porcupine  river from  the  Arctic  coast  to  W   Fort   Yukon   and   there   awaited   the  1   "breaking of the ice and caught   the  iA Reliance, the first  biat  of  the  year  "fev Dawson.   They eansted in Dawson  -today. J  A Bitter and Profound Reality  We have no means of obtaining any  complete picture of the internal situation in Germany, but an analysis of  the information derived from the reports of neutrals, the letters of soldiers, and unguarded references in  the German press leaves it clear that  the "Avar weariness" to Avhich the recent traveller has referred as a con-  spicious element in the life of Germany today is a bitter and profound  reality. Externally hope after hope  has been disappointed. A SAvedish  message Avhich Avas published sIioavs  how deeply Germany Avas implicated  in the Sinn Fein rebellion, and Avhat  expectations she entertained of its  dislocating effect on British strategy.  Her calculations haA'e been shattered  in Dublin as completely as they have  been shattered at Verdun, Avith the  difference that Avhile the cost of the  former failure fell only on the Irish  rebels, the cost of the latter is falling  day by day on Saxons and Bavarians  and  Prussians.���������London  Daily News.  "Has Dasher increased his literary  output since he adopted efficiency  methods?" "Yes; he saves all of the  phrases discarded in the final draft  of his stories, combines them in dozen  lots, and sells them as Vers Libre."���������  Life..  "Have you any secrets in your  past?" she asked. "None to speak  of," he replied.���������Judge.  Dairy Products  Western   Provinces Are'Paying"1 More  , Attention to the Products  ." of the Dairy  In the second number of the Agricultural War Book just Issued under  the auspices of the Federal Department of Agriculture, there is much  valuable information regarding the  dairy products of this and other countries. A significant conclusion to be  derived from the statistical and other  facts there supplied is that Canada is  not doing all that she might in meeting the world's demands of these commodities. There is, 1 ,vever, some  consolation in the statement made by  Professor Dean of the Ontario Agricultural College that 1915 shoAved an  improvement. There is additional  solace in the fact that the western  provinces of Alberta and' Saskatche-  Avan are devoting special attention to  the products of the dairy. Last year  Ai-fis the best year in this respect that  these provinces ever kneAV, and 1916  promises a great deal better yet. Something that the 'entire country needs  to bear in mind is that if we continue  to turn out cheese and butter, of the  standard attained to and recognized  abroad, particularly in Britain, J;he  market can hardly be over-supplied.  Canadian cheese has earned a reputation that cannot be excelled, a gratifying fact that is abundantly proven  by the market price. Butter is not  so much in demand for one simple  reason that it is not so easily kept,  or, in other words, is more perishable.  Statistical tables regarding dairy  products are given in the War Book  that are well Avorthy of study, being  at once enlightening, instructive and  encouraging. From , these, for instance, is learnt that in ten years our  increase-of values in dairy products'  reached a total of $42,869,071, to which  the provinces contributed in the fol-  ioA-*ing manner:  ���������Quebec $11,455,394  Ontario      8,555,717  Alberta   ..   ..   ;       7,309,275  Saskatchewan       6,836,433  Manitoba       3,285,376  NeAv   Brunswick   ..   -..   ..      1,738,205  Nova Scotia *   1,732,111  British  Columbia       1,460,502  Prince EdAvard Island .... 496,058  Some other information gleaned  from the book is that although values  increased in the older provinces owing  to the "greatly enhanced prices the  number of milch coavs in those .provinces decreased considerably. Ontario fell away to the tune of 32,784;  Quebec, 14,691; New BrunsAvick to  2,522; Nova Scotia to 91515 and Prince  EdAvard Island to 4,328; a total decrease in numbers of 63,870. On the  other side of the shield we have the  magnificent showing made by the  Avcstern provinces, in Avhich the ag-  gre gate increase of milch coavs reached  close upon a quarter of a million in  the decade as folloAvs: SaskatcheAvan,  124,512; Alberta, 101,586; Manitoba,  13,856; British Columbia, 13,856, making "a total of 249,372, and creating an  aggregate increase for the entire-country, of 185,502. , -' *  -��������� One<other table gives the--increase  of population during the same period  as 34.13 per cent., the total production of milk as 43.75 per cent., of  the decrease of exports of dairy products as milk as 11.05, of the increase  of. imports as milk 14.28, of the increase of total consumption as 74.92 of  the increase of consumption per capita  as 30.41, of the increase in milch coavs  as 7.70, and of the increase in pounds  of milk per coav as 33.50. Of the class  of figures quoted in this paragraph  probably the most satisfactory is the  last mentioned, implying as it does  that the quality of the animal is improving. There is, hOAvever, as the  book says, room for improvement yet  cf f ������������������������ m 25 to 50 per cent.  In spite of the general inciease in  dairying indicated by these quotations  it is not altogether flattering to ourselves to read that with all our resources, thrift and industry, Canada  holds a comparative low place in the  order of production per hundred of  population, sharing the honor Avith  France of being sixth in the rotation  of nations. ��������� New Zealand comes first  Avith a percentage of 197, then Denmark Avith 83, the United States Avith  69, Sweden Avith 48, SAvitzerland Avith  38 and Canada and France each Avith  36v Austria figures at 32, Germany at  31 "and the United Kingdom at 27.  A "Sudden Lawn"  Round world's fair grounds a "sudden lawn" is made in about six Aveeks  by sowing a mixture of two-thirds  Kentucky blue grass Avith one-third  rye grass, half Italian and half English.  The Avide blades of the rye grass  give shade at first t������ the slender  snoots of the blue grass, and the rye  grass is, crowded out a little later by  the blue grass.  Some people like a certain proportion, say one-fourth, of white clover,  Avhich is very good also, as it makes  a dense sod. The best method of sowing a grass mixture is to broadcast  it very thickly.  .Lawn grasses Aveigh fourteen to  twenty pounds to the bushel. Some  recommend five bushels of seed to the  acre for laAvns. Very heavy seeding  is preferred in order to cover the  ground as early as; possible. Extra  heavy seeding makes less Aveeds the  first year.  One advantage of blue grass is that  it will stand repeated cuttings, Avhich  kills Aveeds. Do not cut tod close.  Avoid trampling the lawn as much  as possible the first tAvo or three  years, until the sod is established.  Never Avaste grass seed by soAving  Avhen the wind blows. If soAvn late  rake the seed in Avith a fine-toothed  iron rake. If the surface is stony, by  all means have the stones removed.  It Avill saA'e your laAvn moAver later.  During the course of a trial in Chicago a witness by the name of Francis  Dooley Avas asked concerning the  defendant:  "Are you related to Thomas  Dooley?"  "Very distantly," said Francis. "I  Avas me mother's first child���������Francis  Avas the ninth."���������The Youth's Companion.  "Here'B a scientist thinks all idiots  ought to.be killed off in their infancy."  "Good heavens! Isn't this Avar re-  .ducing the Avorld's population fast  enough?"���������Baltimore American.  Western Partners  Have United  Hundreds of Co-operative Associations  Scattered Over Prairie Provinces'  "Many farmers' organizations have  broken doAvn from lack of cohesion  in the ranks. The individualism of  the solitary farmstead has' prevailed  over the class interests of the farmers," declared J. W. Macmillan in  the Journal of Commerce. "But Avest-  ern farmers are radically unlike eastern farmers," he continued, "and  so far no crack bas appeared in the  solid co-operative structure they are  rearing.  "In the East the city 'rules the  country. In the West the country  rules the city. ' '  _ "There are hundreds of co-operative associations scattered over the  three prairie provinces. Beginning  as sporadic ventures of local groups  of farmers, the different provinces  are noAV adopting special legislation  for the incorporation of these associations and defining the form they are  to take."   ,  He refers to a healthy movement of  finance and cites one tAvo-year old  association capitalized at less than  $10,000 with only $700 paid in by 150  shareholders. In' last year they  turned over $20,000, saving about  $2,000. Another association turned  over $20,000 on a capital of $100 and  paid a" dividend of 8 per cerrt.  Theses big profits on small capital  are hard on the middleman. but "in  every social advance someone suffers.  Every readjustment has its victims."  "It is impossible to divide the subject of human Avelfare into compartments. One of the first factors in.the  problems of health, intelligence and  character is the man's income. Not  only hoAv he gets it but also how much  he gets and can spend. If the movement of co-operation is to spread and  Avill increase the average income of the  Western farmer by even fifty dollars  a year, it will mean a general raising  of the standards of comfort, intelligence and conduct throughout the  three provinces."  Enlarging Butter Markets  New  Plan    Inaugurated Which    Wil!f  Benefit Al! the Creameries  in Saskatchewan '  In a recent intervieAV with Mr. W.  A. Wilson, Dairy Commissioner for  SaskatcheAvan, it was learned that he  had inaugurated a plan Avhich he expected Avould eventually result in all  the export butter of the Province being marketed through the Dairy  branch.  The butter made by the co-operative  creameries operated 'by the Dairy  branch has been so successfully marketed during the past feAV years that  it was decided to extend the advantage  to all the creameries in the.province���������  a privilege Avhich \yill not-���������only mean  much to the creamery OAvners of SaskatcheAvan but Avill enable the "manufacturers to pay the farmers of the  province considerably more for their  cream than they would otherwise be  able to do.  During the past tAvo years the Dairy  branch has folloAved the practice of  'shipping each week to.old storage the'  butter made at the co-operative creameries. Each churning is then graded  by the government graders and an  official grade certificate issued. The  butter is then held in cold storage  Avhere it will not deterioate, or sold  according as market conditions warrant.  For some years a large percentage of  the creamery butter of SaskatcheAvan  has been sold in the British Columbia  markets and the dealers there place  so much importance upon the grade  certificate that they. noAV require one  to accompany each churning of butter  and will pay more for butter that bears  the stamp of the government official  graders.  lo extend this advantage to all the  creameries of the* province grading  depots have been opened at Prince  Albert, Saskatoon, Regina and Moose  Jaw and creamery owners in any part  of" the province can ship their butter  to the depot nearest their creamery.  Th<* butter will then be graded and a  cheque for about 85 per cent, of its  value advanced by the Dairy branch  to the oAvner and the balance sent  him when the butter is sold. By this  system each creamery OAvner is not  forced to sell his butter regardless of  market conditions and is also able to  finance his business Avithout difficulty,  And to pay his patrons more for their  cream than he Avould otherAvise be  able to do.  Already several, of the Creameries  not under government operation have  Avritten requesting the. Dairy branch  to market all the butter they Avill have  for export and it is expected that  practically all the creameries of the  province will take advantage of this  privilege.  During the past year the Dairy  branch marketed more than 2,000,000  lbs. of butter AA-hich Avas practically  all made at the co-operative creameries and with tAvo neAV . co-operative  creameries in operation and a large  increase at most of the older creameries, together Avith the butter from the  creameries not under government supervision it is expected that the export  of creamery butter through the Dairy  branch will this year reach a very  substantial sum.  The Anti-Aircraft Gun      France SorrOWS at \  Kitchener's Death  Movie Attendance is Astonishing  "The greatest inspirations Avhich  comes to Avriters for motion pictures  is in the knoAvledge of the size of their  great audience. In the year 1915  there Avere roughly 2,900,000,000 paid  admissions to the moving picture  theatres of the United States. This  means an average attendance of 29  times per year for every man, Avoman  and child in the country���������or once  a week for half the population of the  country. Figures like these imply a  great responsibility on the part of  those Avho supply this tremendous \  demand, and men are noAV entering the i  field Avho are by training and artistry  qualified to accept the responsibility." -  British Now Have a Weapon That Can  " Dispose  of the  Zeppelins  In the mcessant struggle for supremacy between offensive and defensive Aveapons fresh interest has  been infused into the contest > by the  coming" of the aerial Avar vessel. The  persistency with Avhich the Germans  cling to the Zeppelin idea, and their  use of this lighter-than-air craft in  actual Avarfare, both on sea and land,  have forced experts engaged in research Avork to apply themselves seriously to the task of providing an antidote. And, as usually happens in  every extension of offensive methods  of Avarfare, the ingenuity of scientific  men has not failed in this case to  supply an effective defensive.  The delay in arriving at a decision  Avas due to the conflict of opinion  among practical men in the army and  navy as to the best means of meeting  this neAV emergency. One school of  opinion favored the aeroplane, another pinned its faith on the gun,  Avhile a third contended that Zeppelin  could best be, met Avith Zeppelin. Although assurances have been given  that in aircraft the British are superior to the enemy, it appears that the  British have decided to rely mainly  upon the" anti-aircraft gun for defence.  The invention of an effective gun has  occupied the close attention of British  naval gun experts, including Sir Percy  Scott, and it is believed ���������these' had  the advice and assistance of French  experts in evolving a useful type of  gun. It is an open secret that the  French have-evolved a gun-Avhich has  proved most effective in bringing down  .enemy aircraft. In England anti-aircraft guns have made Zeppelin raids  a more hazardous undertaking for the  Germans. London, Avhere the defence  has been strengthened, is no 'longer  at the mercy of the enemy's aerial-  bombers, as in earlier days. This, no  doubt, is due to the neAV gun-Avhich  has been mounted. One Zeppelin has  been brought down in the Thames  estuary and- her crew captured, Avhile  others are knoAvn to have been damaged by gunfire. The immunity of the  raiding Zeppelin is a thing of the  past. Some of the raiders have been  turned back as they endeavored to  pass the coast defences. The problem  may not be Avholly solved, but reliance upon gun defence ha3 already  been justified.  The defensi\-e Aveapon folloAvs the  offensive as night the day. The fortress, Avith its fixed guns, fell before  the siege hoAvitzer, and this in turn  has given place to field Avorks and  mobile artillery. The navy has found  a means of protecting itself against  the submarine, and there is no reason  to doubt the unofficial ^reports that  an effective defence 'against aircraft  has been discoA-ered in an improved  gun.���������Toronto Globe.  The Unwearied Titan  The   Burdens    Shouldered     by   Great  ,    ,:Britain  in Time of War  When MattheAv Arnold some years  ago described Great Britain as a  weary .Titan carrying on a stupendous task and obstinately stumbling  forward foAvard his goal, he Avas only  thinking of the tasks of the Empire  in times of peace. In time of Avar the  sphere of our activities takes a Avider  range. We have to fight and make  money not only for ourselves but for  those Avith whom we are conjoined in  this, the greatest of all campaigns.  Never Avas Great Britain called to a  more majestic and at the same time  a more onerous mission; never was  she more sure of herself. To our  clamorous band of pessimists who  allow their vision to be perturbed by  thinking too much of single incidents,  and disregarding the general outlook,  Ave can offer no more convincing argument to prove them Avrong than the  evidence of the gigantic, resources and  fine spirit of England. With all these  burdens on our shoulders we keep our  faith undimmed and abate not a jot  of our resolution to Avin through to  the appointed end.���������London Telegraph.  In the German Reichstag recently,  Gustav Noske, Socialist, protested  against the speech of Herr Hirsch,  National Liberal, of Essen Avhich, he  declared, Avas calculated to prevent  the neutral poAvers from mediating  in behalf of peace. Herr Noske especially objected to Herr Hirsch's "scolding tone" toAvard President Wilson.  He added:  "There is no disposition among the  German people to hazard the lives  of further hundreds of thousands for  fantastic plans of conquest. The pdople  at the front. and at homo Avant no  more bloodshed. The masses re-ject  the thought of, continuing the war  until peoples are bled Avhita. That  Avould be, a crime. Humanity needs  a permanent understanding "  Break your match in two before you  throw it aAvay.'  Clear off a spot ten feet in diameter  for your camp fire. Watch the fire ail)  the time, and be sure it is out before  you leave it.  It doesn't take a conflagration to  broil a trout. Have a small fire that  Avill burn the coals quickly. Dry hard-  Avood branches are best for cooking.  ThroAV your pipe ashes and cigar and  cigarette stubs into streams only or  bury them in damp mineral soil.  If you oAvn or use engines haA'e spark  arresters on them.  Burn your brush on Calm, damp  days, not on dry, windy days.���������From  the Country Gentleman.    ���������  A party of Englishwomen Avho have  just returned from Germany have  much to tell of the increasing scarcity  of food there. Many families, they  declare, do not eat meat* for tAvo or  three Aveeks at a time. Fair cuts of  veal, pork, and mutton average over  $1.25 a lb. Ham is practically unprocurable. Soap, Avhich is noAV obtained by card, has almost disappeared. The people have even to be careful of how they use their towelling.  ���������<   .' --**���������<>  ��������� -  -,-~  V  '���������"/>���������  -A  More Admired There Than Any Other  British  General  The tragic death of Earl Kitchener  caused a deep and sorrowful impression throughout France, where he wa3  better known and more admired than  any other British general. The fact-  that Kitchener fought for France in  1870 Avas ever present in the French  mind and went far to obliterate any  lingering resentment over *the Fashoda  incident. Quite recently Kitchener  met Brig.-Gen. Marchand, with Avhom  he had clashed in 1898 in the village  of Fashoda, Sudan, for the first time  since tliat incident. It Avas during  one of Kitchener's trips to the French  front and the two men exchanged cordial hand clasps, in which the old  bitternesses Avere sunk.  The disappearance of an organizing  genius-of the first rank is deploreea  in. military circles, where Earl Kitchener's qualities always were fully appreciated, but it was pointed out that  however cruel his "loss to the Allied  cause and, to the British people, his  great Avork, so soundly conceived and  carried out, -will survive' him.  Forest Protection.  The Timber  Destruction ������n All  PartK  of   Canada   is   Deplorable  TAventy-two of the leading'Boards ol  Trade of Ontario have made represent  tations to the Ontario 'Government,for  a reorganization of, its, forest protec-,  tion system.       "     .' -..-"-  The Boards have specified tAvo re- *  forms -. the reorganrzation v of .the ,  rangers so as to provide for supervision.,  and inspection, both in the -head, of- "  fice-and the field; secondly, that-the  government make some effort to keep'.  doAvn the timber damage resulting .  fiom settlers' clearing fires. ,.        .    _.  For the latter .purpose, it has.been v  suggested that*a system of 'permits '.  issued by fire "rangers to, settlers intending to  burn slash ,in the neighborhood   of   forests,   should   be  tried ~  out in a feAv localities, tsp  as tov determine the best procedure.1 jThe permit   system   .has   been ~- successfully  operated in Quebec and British Colum- ���������  bia for  several    years.      It  has not  antagonized the settler, Avhile saving^  enormous areas of timber.  The Avidespread demand for-a gen  eral reconstruction of Ontario's forest  protection plan is finding-sympathetic '  consideration i by" the Minister of  Lands and Forests, who during the'  past year has, been exceedingly busy  with other special duties.. The present forest guarding', system of "the  province has been retained for a great  many years practically without alteration. It is complained" thatr'^ the  rangers, Avhile numerically sufficient,  are left to their OAvn devices and, as  Avith a body, of artisans in a factory,  cannot and do not perform their, fair-  duty in the^absence of strict discipline  and a guarantee" of permanent employment. " Forest ranging, according to  modern practice, requires skilled men  and skilled overseers, or the expenditure of put lie money is c&nsiderai-ly  Avasted. The proposals of such bodies  as the Commission of Conservation,  the Canadian Forestry Association and  their supporters, is that the forest  guarding system of Ontario .be placed  under a special qualified officer of  the department, Avho Avill have author-  -ity to rebuild the present service.  The second proposition, as outlined  by the Boards of Trade, is that the  ruin of valuable timber tracts caused  by settlers' fires should be put under  some form of control. British Columbia and Quebec now prohibit a settler  in a forested district from setting out  a clearing fire until he has consulted  a forest ranger. The ranger is nearly  ahvays close at hand and advises the  farmer to pile his slash in the middle  of his clearing, not against standing  timber, and not to select a dry or  windy day for applying the torch.  With these simple instructions fol-  loAvecl, he issues a permit good for a  number of days. The service to the  settler is decidedly of value for perilous fires are obviated and the timber  assets of the district as kept aliye.  Ontario noAV has no means of preventing Avholesale destruction of precious pine and spruce and hardAvoods  from settlers' fires and the losses to  the province annually are great.  Timber (destruction in all parts of  Canada is going on at a rate Avhich,  if unchecked, must lead over 5,000  Avood-using industries into serious difficulties. Ontario alone has 2,000  Avood-using industries and 82 per cent,  of their Avood requirements are ob-'  tained Avithin the province. These  industries, distributed in nearly every  town and city, are no more secure than  their foundation of forest materials.  It is just as imperative that the living trees, Avhich are intended to uphold Ontario's industries and pay  sheets should be insured by governments against- the plague of fire as  that buildings and plant should be insured.  When it is considered that the limit  holders mutual associations in Quebec  Province have built up efficient systems of forest protection at a cost of  about one-third of a cent per acre for  fire protection,' an. efficient system in  Ontario Avould inA-olve little, if any. ..  additional cost. A third of a cent an  acre for protection makes a very minute shoAving beside, a magnificent pine  forest reduced to charcoal for lack of  decent care. It has been estimated  that forest fires in Canada, mostly  preventable, destroy more Avealth than  Avould pay the annual interest on the  last Dominion loan- of 100 million  dollars.  Rivers���������Hoav did  start?"  Bridges���������He married' the first dollar he ever earned.  Willis���������I Avas at Bump's trial today.  Gillis���������Bump  arrested!    Tell me the  accusation.  Willis���������He   was   accused   of���������Avhat  Wedrox    get his | do you call it where a fellow lies for  money?  Gillis���������Politics,   diplomacy,   or  war  corresponding ?���������Life.  The Russian press urges the Entente PoAvers to bring pressure to bear  on Greece, because of the antagonistic attitude of that country.  Something of a sensation has been  caused by the articles, especially that  in the Bourse Gazette, expressing the  opinion that the King of Greece  "Avould do well to take a rest of some  duration at some place better for his  health than Athens."  The other papers denounce 'the  political felony" of Greece toward the  Entente. The Novoe Vremya considers  the  measures  taken   at   Saloniki  in-  I sufficient, and calls upon the Entente  Powers  to   take   necessary   steps    aft  Piraeus and Athens.  '^^Ms&^m^l^^s^.  i   r ,    .        w   -__-.T_jj*h������wt-i "������������������*-"a ;���������������������������*������  rrrr  X'  GAZETTE.  fiun Cruelty to  . i  2*  IS  Children Died, and Germany Laughed  at   it,   But   it   is   Different  in Their Own Case  1 In,- Germans have ^tiivon to prove  '. ;.i ihe Bnti-h blockade of Geiniany  .unuaAciies tht; laws of ciA ili/.ation.  i<ia-iiiiich a^ it may bring death by  :*;aiAiitioii to innocent women and  .'nielreii. Theie are tA\o sides to the  pie!are, anel ihe London Times gives  tin.* other in a biiot record of the siege  tif Paris in J870-7I, when the Germans  .���������slowly starved a civilian- population  t������f.'more.than 2.000,000 into surrender.  .' ���������"They arrived, before Paris in the  .middle of September," says Hie Times..  "By October,8 our columns report that  the daily consumption of horseflesh  ���������within the city had risen enormously.  '���������By November 20 no 'more beef or niut-  liiii' was to be had. .'On . December U  uiir . .correspondent stated that .'rat  hunting'is. now vigorously carried on,  to'meet the demands of the rest.au-  iant's.' When the frequenters of the  restaurants were eating'rats the diet  ;,f other classes, must have been ter-  lible. On December 15 the population  were put on a ration of horseflesh. The  .-illoUance av.-is 30 grammes, or about  *������n ounce.  "On January 15 the bread ration was  }������������������ du'e'ed from'TiOO.to 300 grammes, less  than JO ounces for'adults, .and to half  liiat amount for children. This bread  was a black and indigestible compound  e-i rice, ;barley, buckwheat, oats, and  ������������������ven.'-ha'.y. Long files of, Avomen. and  children gathered before dawn at- the  bakers' shops in the rain, the cold and  ihe snow: of a winter in 'Avhich the  temperature sank to 21 degrees of  I lost: ".     "-,.. -���������  "The animals in the Jardin des  I' 1 r.nles were eateit. Elephant��������� sold at  liom 10 francs to 45 francs a pound,  and even 'coteie'ttes de ligre' are men-  i i'jrieidi "There Avere markets for dog-  ih-sli and .'cat-flesh, and an English  ������i iter 'partook of a feast at Avhich  'the. sole 'dish" av.-is a cat with mice  "round it."-'.. There Avas no fuel and  no light. Tlie people, starved from  eo'd/as weir as from  hunger-  "On February 14 one of the English  party who' brought food into Paris  after the armistice told the Mansion  House Relief Committee Avhat he had  .������������������eon. Some of the people assisted  Ave re barely able," lie said, 'to walk  t'o the place' of distribution, and when  ihe provisions were handed them  ���������fhey ���������'. were unable to carry them  home.' That is how the nation that  ic-probates the 'brutality' of our block-,  .-.de remorselessly exercised its strict  light of siege.  "But perhaps (lie French children  eiid not suffer? Perhaps the besieged  babies had plenty of milk? Let us  see what was their fate during the  German investment:������������������ The French did  1 heir best for "them. To the very end  3.000 coavs Avere reserved to "supply,  milk !fbr the sick and new born -.���������infants:"-But the supply Avas; altogether  insufficient.. Milk .began to run short  fo early- as September,'22 and.'a,month  later the scarcity was effecting children. By the second Aveek in January  an .'.English--.correspondent' says they  Avere 'dying off like rotten sheep.'!  "What were the feelings of the humane Germans toward this vast population of non-combatants, the innocent A-iefims of their'military operations? Did fhey regret the sufferings  they caused? Was their pity suppressed -'only at the' stern voice of  duty? Let their idolized statesman  ipeak for them. When Jules Favre  mme to Bismarck to arrange for the  armistice the Prussian statesman observed that Avithin a few Aveeks the  French representative had grown much  grayer; 'also stouter, probably on  horseflesh,' while the Count's gentlemanly staff selected 'high class res-.  iaurants in Paris as a suitable sub-'  jerC-t for conversation with the Frenchman's, famished  secretary.  .  "Favre told Bismarck that pretty  rhildren Avere still to he seen in the  street's,. 'I am surprised at that,' the  irenial champion oE Prussian kultur  replied; 'I Avondcr .you', have not yet  paten- them.' And the Germans knew  very Avell that the siege had cost numbers of children their lives. They  have been oh very short commons in  Paris for some time past,' Bismarck's  ioday'.and Boswell records on January 2, 'and 'the death rate last Aveek  amounted'to-about 5,000;' For the last  i\eek of December it had been 3,280  and for the week.before 2,728.  " 'The mortality,' our humane German goes on, 'was especially heavy  '.mong. children up to 2 years of age.'  Has he any touch of pity? 'Coffins of  these tiny French citizens,' he adds,  v.r-re to be seen m all ..directions.'  Herod might have jested so."  One Day of Prohibition  Showing  the     Radical     Effect  of   Dry  Sundays in Chicago  Chicago has had a liial of prohibition of the liquor: traffic every Sunday beginning October the 10th and  the result as reported would satisfy  anyone but. a 'drunkard or an idiot  that the sooner the whole world goes  dry, the better for everybody. .When  the saloons were open' there was an  ��������� average of- three murders every Sunday and a large number of accidents  on Jilonday. Since the saloons -are  closed on Sunday there has not been  a murder, oh that day anel Monday  accidents have been greatly reduced.  The editor of tlie Templar lias been  in Chicago investigating and has  given some interesting facts bearing  on Sunday closing. Ten thousand bar  tenders Avill now have a day of rest  and it has been estimated "that the  citizens of Chicago .will save, about  ���������twenty, eight, million dollars a year  by, Su.nday closing. :  A chorus of ���������approval- comes from  the heads of the. big manufacturing  and mercantile industries. The reports', si ioav that-there are fewer Monday accidents, merchants report selling more goods on Monday, and that  Monday efficiency hits greatly increased in the factory's.',. "v -  The. foreman at Swift and Co.. Packing' Plant, Morris Cudahy and S. S.  Plant all agree with' the foreman at  Armours, who said, "Our workmen  come to the plant Monday's with clear  heads--and rested bodies. It Was the  complaint of all packers before the  saJooiis Avere closed that many men  either did not sliojv up or were very  little use on Monday. Last Monday  all the men were promptly on hand  with steady muscles, rested bodies  and minds fit Tor their tasks;"  The manager of the Illinois Steel  Plant issued a statement to this effect. "Our Avorkmen were all on  hand last Monday for the. first time  in years." When we asked them what  caused the change they said they had  nothing to do .'Sunday' -but rest for  Monday. Marshall Field and Co., and  other big State Street ', Department  stores report the biggest Monday sales  in years..  That the Tempera nee forces should  Avin such a victory in a city that has  long been knoAvn as the heart of the  liquor interests js indeed good news.  The American people are doing a lot  of thinking these days.'  There is a great awakening. What  avhs winked at in the past Avill not  be tolerated much longer. The only  Avay to-mend the saloon is to end it.  They haA*e been called drunkard factories, but arethey not. murder factories as Well?���������H.: Arnott, M. B./M.  C.'P.'S..-:  Berlin Without Soap  A party of Englishwomen who have  just returned from Germany have  much to tell of the increasing scarcity  ���������A food there. Many families, they  ilrclare, do not eat meat for two or  Ihree Aveeks at a. time;. Fair e-.uls of  veal, pork, and mutton average over  5-1.25 a lb. Ham is priK-ticaUy unprocurable. Soap, which is now obtained by c.ard, has almost disappear-  -d. The people have even fo be careful  of how thev use their (owe  Was Veteran Ship  Invincible   Was   the   Flagship   of   Admiral   Sturdee  The British battle cruiser Invincible  is. by far the most interesting ship  sunk in the recent naval battle. Since  the outbreak of the war she has taken  part in almost every naval engagement fought. On August 2S, 1914, she  was one of the units in Vice-Admiral  Beatty's squadron Avhich avoii the  battle of Heligoland Bight.. This was  the first naval engagement of the  war. \     '   .  On December S, 19.14, she vras flagship of Admiral Sir F. C. D. Sturdee's  fleet Avliich defeated and sank the German fleet under Admiral Count von  Spee off the Falkland Islands.  After this battle she--.returned to  England, and refitted. She then joined  the squadron AA'hich attempted to force  the passage of the Dardanelles. During  the series of engagements Avhich look-  place with the Turkish forts she was  badly damaged and forced .to go to  Gibraltar for repairs.  Tho Indefatigable and Queen Mary  look part in the battles of Heligoland  Bight anel Dogger Bank under Vice-  Admiral  Sir David Beatfy.  So far as is known, none of the  other ships sunk���������British or German  ���������has figured in previous naval engagements.  nil!;  High Cost of Preserving  Dealers in canned fruifs are look-  ii.g forward to a large increase in  I'tisiness this year. They believe that  \\,e high price of sugar will discour-  ���������i.,'o housewives from putting up the  ii-u.-el amount of fruits. There may  be something to tliat.���������Buffalo Express.  Belgian Relief $6,000,000  The methods of administering the  various Belgian Relief Funds are interesting. The Canadian Central Fund  is at Montreal. The executive place  their funds at tho disposal of a Neutral Commission; which, in turn, by  a very sound system of purchase and  inspection,,ships cargoes to Rotterdam.  Here the supplies are transported into Belgium without difficulty, witliout  interference of German officials. The  supplies are distributed by an international or neutral commission to  some l.'lO central depots. Communal  committees���������of Avhich there are 4,000  ���������perform the actual work of distribution, having sub-committees for investigation and other purposes. Already over $6,000,000 has been spent  in relief bv fhe methods.  A Railroad Novelist  C.   P.    R.   Official, Earns    Distinction  by  Writing   Novel  Perhaps the best known of the  younger literary critics in America  is Archie Bell of , the "Cleveland  Leader." For.that reason his tribute  lo the work of a C. P.'R:'official'is  AA-ell worth-attention." That work is a  work of fiction, "Hearts and Faces"  by name, and is as remote from Canadian railway life as anything, could  possibly'be imagined. .Here is , What  Archie Hell has to say in part;  .John Murray Gibson was born in  Ceylon. His father is a tilled Scotchman. He is a. graduate of Oxford,-and  he has taken special courses in .ihilos-  ophy at various Germali universities.  And despite some of these things  popularly considered handicaps lo  "getting on in the"world," he came  back to London and was soon editor  of the well-known illustrated nevvs-  1 n.j-cr, "Black and White."   ,  Realizing that he did not know as  ir.ucn as he'wanted to know about  art, a realization that came home to  him each day as he sat at his editorial desk, he resigned'- and went to  Paris .-.to become an art student.  He lived in the famous Latin Quarter at night and spent ..the', days' in  Colar'ossi's Atelier. Then he went to  Italy and Algiers, Japan and China,  and to many other countries.  Then one day, an official position  was' offered him by the Canadian  Pacific Railway; At the age of forty-  one he has achieved distinction as  a practical railroad man, despite all  .those years of preparation- that were  spent in pursuits,so popularly believed  to unfit_ii..man for the practical life.  The busiest men are the ones who  find the most time. In the past two  years, John Murray Gibbon has been  attending to his railroad duties with  one hand,' and with the other hand  has been Avrif.iiig a novel, which has  just been issued by the famous publishing house of John Lane in England and S. B. Gundy in Toronto.:  "Hearts and Faces" is the story of  an artist." It 'treats of the artistic  temperament as it sallies forth into  the warmer: world from. the somewhat  unpromising environment: of Scotland. '". . . Sometimes the pictures are  gay, sometimes sordid; but they are  never, vulgar., Through them move  many characters with whom the reader  has become acquainted iii the earlier  chapters. Amid these scenes, as in  London and later in Germany and  Italy, George Grange moA-es as the  most important figure. It is the adventure of a .soul. And each.adventure is traced with a canny knoAvl-  edge of- life as it is, rather than as  many writers would, like to believe"it  should be. ' ''..���������'���������-"-.  And it was written by a railroad  man! Still, ..there are enough examples of versatility in the art, world  to prove that such-, an achievement  is possible. A merchant, of Russia  composed music that is now sung in  the opera houses of the world. It does  not lessen Paderewski's arbility as a  pianist because lie is a hotel keeper  in Warsaw. John A Men Carpenter,  ��������� if Chicago, is a "business man," yet  he composed "Adventures in a Perambulator," which caused the staid  music e.ritics of the country to prick  up their ears in the last two years.  Caesar Franck; was a school-teacher,  even when he was writing his most  famous symphony.  A   New Anesthetic  Gordon Edwards, a chemist in the  city of ��������� New York, is credited with  the discovery of a new anesthetic to  Avhich he has given the name of  "nikalgin." It. is ��������� declared to have  certain advantages over other anesthetics when used to deaden pain in  the treatment of flesh Avounds.  Mr.-Edwards saj'-s of it that the relief from pain which it gives in exposed surfaces is as nearly absolute  as. the effect, of any drug can be.  Anesthetic is produced just a scom-  pletely whether the wound be merely  an abrasion of a mutilation. Only  Avh'en wounds are" well ad winced forward the healing stage and the nerve  ends are covered with a film of new  skin, nikalgin is not effective. But  on all fresh wounds offering an exposed raw surface, the now anesthetic  will completely suspend all sensation  and suffering, however extensive the  Avoun'd may be, and sensation avi'11  remain suspended for about' three  hours.  Seemingly, the eliseovery. is an important, and valuable one.- The Vatican War Relief Fund has already  ordered 2.000 lubes of nikalgin.���������From  the Albanv Journal.  Farmers' Bird Assistants  Some   Insect   Destroying   Birds   Found  in   Manitoba  (By J. D. A. Evans)  With the commencement or the nesting season Ave are privileged to observe  the .wondrous ingenuity of God's little  feathered architects, a majority ��������� of  whom haA-e returned to Manitoba from  distant zones, perchance flown high  above roar of sea storm iu tho journey  from islands wherein climatic:' condition permits bird life fo spend Avinter  in comfort and ample sustenance.  The Avriter does not profess to be  a practical exponent of Manitoba's  orthinological features. Nevertheless,  residence of many years in this province has furnished him opportunity  to study of its bird life anel the application of such toward its economic  value to agriculture.  Usually by fhe first week of May, a  greater part of the bird migration has  arrived in -Manitoba. Adequate protection of insect worms or insect destroying birds has become a question  of vital importance .to tho farmer.  Within recent dale it has been computed that if Ihe family of insect de-  A'ouring birds became extinct in Manitoba, within a few years ������lhe grain  fields could not possibly raise a crop.  Until even a recent period certain  birds highly valuable in the extermination of insect pests, were erroneously  considered enemies of the farmer, and  very destructive to grain and seeds.  As example the robin, one of fhe first  feathered arrivals, Avas deemed a plunderer' of the farm garden fruit bushes.  But investigation of the charge has  acquitted the robin, the diet of which  consists principally of harmful insects   and  worms.  A list of the most important insect-  ivorious bird visitors to Manitoba comprises: Robin. Cat-bird, Wren, King-  oii'd, Oriole. Shrike, Jay. Woodpecker.  Ohicadce. To this number may likewise bo added that alleged egg and  chicken thief, the crow.  Indeed, the crow is one of the very  few birds Avhich consider potato bugs  as a leading feature of the menu card.  Tlie bluojay rejoices in a repast of  cut-grubs and caterpillars. The woodpecker may be justly adjudicated a  most potent factor iu destruction of  insect life. The principal hunting  ground of this bird consists of tree  trunks, from which is removed every  available grub, the* avooc]pecker's beak  drilling deeply into the timber and  abstracts pests immune from attacks  of ������������������ other birds. From" the clay the  sparrow arrived in Manitoba, its character has been stained with a charge  of grain theft. The case cannot stand;  careful scrutiny of the sparroAv's habits Avill reveal the fact that it is a  very decided enemy of caterpillars.  The shrike, otherwise butcher bird,  possesses great capacity for inshect  diet of every description. Hawks,  owls, regarded enemies of the poultry  yard, undoubtedly perform much useful work in the annihilation of mice  and gophers. A deadly agent against  insects is the swallow. The whip-  poor-Avill must also bo (he recipient  of "notice; and reference is necessary  concerning the night-hawk, that aviator among the birds verily a swooper  down to 'earth' as its eagle eye perceives some species of grub.  Beyond despufe is the fact that the  main diet of bird life consists of  grubs and insects of every description.  Without assistance of the feathered  tribes, crawling and winged pests of  Manitoba's agricultural domain could  not possibly be suppressed. Then, as  a resultant issue, grain fields and  gardens would speedily picture a condition  we dare not even think of.  For Better Roads  Growth   of  Good   Roads  in  Dominion  Movement  In Alberta, provincial organization  has' been responsible for raising the  appropriation from nothing.'a decade  ago, to one million dollars last year.  This was for main and trunk roads.  Municipal' expenditure' Was, in 3913,  $ OS 1,000; in 1914, $865,190; last year  it was nearly $900,000. The goA-crn-  liiont Avork is under the provincial  engineer of highways.  In British Columbia, under the provincial department-ft" public works,  fhe good roads movement has made  great progress. In 1001, estimates for  roads and bridges totalled $344,000;  last year they totalled $2,459,000. In  1910 a special" program provided that  no less than twenty million dollars  should be spent, chiefly upon main  roads.  In Saskatchewan, under a provincial  board'of highway commissioners, progress has not been so rapid, but it is  definite enough, la 101.1 an appropriation avhs made, for $2,000,000. This  was subsequently reduced, owing to  fhe effect of war upon finances, but  local interest in good roads is assured.  In Manitoba, under a good , roads  act and a provincial highway commissioner, $700,000 avhs spent by the  government last year. $375,000, a sum  jo wliich the government, added materially, Avas tho municipal contribution.  Ontario is. perhaps fhc most advanced -of all the provinces in good  roads campaigning. Under a depart-  nicn of public higlnvays for main and  market roads alone, some seven million dollars have been appropriated.  This does not lake an-*,- account of  help given to municipalities Ay ho are  doing their own Avork fo some extent;  In Quebec, in 1912, under an act, the  province appropriated te-u million  dollars for good roads. This was supplemented last year by another five  millions. Already eight millions spent  or allofed as bond interest, in the  cause.  In the Maritime ProA-inces. upwards  of a quarter of a million Avas laid out  last, year. In NeAV BrunsAvick, the  work is under fhe. minister of public  works. .In Nova Scofiti a commissioner of highwavs has ch.irLre.  Eating- Paper is No Novelty  When Alton Michael Puck ward ask-  i d the. porter of the Great Sout.hei'n"  at Gulfporf. Miss.. "Is that Hie Gulf of  .Mexico?" the porter replied: "Only  a po'shun of it, sah."���������Lyceum Magazine.  When Your Eyes Need Care  VReJICurineEyeMcdleine. No Smarting���������Feel9  Fine ��������� Acta Quldily. Try it. for Reel, AVealc,  Sore Eyes and Granulated Eyelids. Murine Is  compounded by our Oculists���������not n, "Patent  Med icine"���������butused in snecessf nl Physicians'  Practice for many years. Now dedicated to  the Public and Bold by Druggists at EOc per  Bottle. Murine Eye Salve in Aseptic Tubes.  SRc and 50c. Write for book of the Eve Free.  Murine E������������ Remedy Company, Chicago. Adv.  W.     N.  U.  flit  The  Future of  India  India   is   aware .that   there   is   only  one  preoccupation  today, and that is  to   defeat  thoroughly  the enemy  who  menaced   the   liberties   of   the   world.  But   with   this   determination   there  are   growing   up���������perhaps   the   faster  because  of   the  Avar���������new   ideals   and  ambitions,   just   and   legitimate,   the  offspring  of  our   own   education,   fhe  manifestation   of   the   healthy  unrest  wliich  is   at  once  the   pride  and   the  justification of the British connection.  India,   cannot   remain   stationary;   at  fhe   same   time   India   must   not   be  cast into a state of political confusion;  there is no necessary conflict between  the   two  necessities.���������Times of India.  Women and Banking  In none of the new callings,' thrown  open lo women during Ihe past  eighteen onths, has their business  ability apparently occasioned more,  surprise, to those avIio doubted-' it,  than in the matter of banking. An  authority on banking recently expressed himself quite vigorously on  tlie question. "If anyone had fokl  .us," he said, "twelve months ago, that  young women would have so distinguished themselves, we should have  smiled. We find increasingly that  they are businesslike, conscientious  and enthusiastic. I do not think the  war has brought a more remarkable  development���������in fact, it is a miracle.  ���������than the revelation of the capacity  of Avomen in banking.���������Christian Science Monitor.  Gilford Pinchot, nn advocate of real  preparedness for the United States,  Avrites that what he saw in Belgium  convinced him that no sacrifice^ can  be too great to prevent any people  or any part, of them from being ruled  by forr-ign bayonets.  ..Perhaps ihn only tiling that a fender hearted Avoman hates Averse than  brutal, barbarous warfare is a man  avIio Avon't fight on provocation.���������  If el em Rowland.  -     How Canada Can Save  Millions  Canada can .save millions of dollars  this summer by adoptng daylight-saving. Britain, Holland, France, Sweden and other countries are saving  daylight to the comfort and convenience- ol* their people. Canada is usually in ' the van when improvements  are being effected, but in this case,  for very unsatisfactory reasons, the  Dominion is trailing along among the  tail-enders. Sir Robert Borden's decision to leave daylight-saving to fhe  municipalities is insufficient. The  situation, -but they cannot control  the railway time, Avhich necessarily  is dependent on the; habits of .the  majority of the people. Were the Dominion to adopt the daylight-saving  system, the railways Avould be glad  t'-} fall in line, but they cannot have  so many different times that confusion  will  result.���������Calgary News-Telegram.  A Cemented Comradeship  The Australians and New Zealand-  ers. Avhen they landed in Gallipoli,  set the seal upon the manhood of  their peoples. They did much more  than 1hat. They flung wide, .the door  that the Canadians had already open-  'jri to a new life for the British peo-  p.es of the Empire. The brotherhood  Ihug established no mishaps, or disagreements can break in the days to  coir.e The comradeship of our peoples in arms is cemented by the nobility <-'f a mutual admiration. ���������London Times.  Isn't   This   a   Trifle   Premature?  ."Judge" published in Boston has  for paVt of  its  price  imprint:���������  "Postage free in fhe United Slates,  its dependencies, and Mexico. To  Canadian Provinces add 50 cents a  year for postage: to all foreign countries add  .^1.00 a year."  We may not like to be considered  foreigners, but Ave certainly do not  particularly care for the inference  that Canadian Provinces are blanketed under "Old Glory,"���������at least not  just at present.  German Spy's Feat Had Been Outdone  in   Many   Instances  It is with a mitigated commiseration  that one rends the story of how Von  dor Goltz. the German spy, finding  himself recognized in Petrograd,  "spent some hours eating t.wo parcels  of incriminating papers Avliich ho dare  not burn in the grate."  As a feat of mastication, Von der  Golf-/, by no means holds the record  Paper is easily reduced to pulp and  swalloAved (the ink acting ,is an appetizer), and the only difficulty in this  case was the quantity. Leather is another matter, but apart from meals of  hard-pressed explorers, there are  authenticated-'iii'starices of meals'of the  kind. One took place at a Covent  Garden hostelry famous in the fashionable annals of the eighteenth century. A tipsy gallant, enraptured by  the charms of a certain lady, snatched  off her si toe and, filling it with champagne, drank a bumper to her health:  ���������'Then, to carry the compliment still  further;" so runs the tale,_"he ordered  the, shoe itself to be dressed and served up for supper. The cook set himself seriously to work upon it. He  pulled the upper part," -which "was of  damask, into fine shreds and tossed it"  up in" ei ragout, minced the sole,'cut  the Avooden heel into very fine slices,  fried them in butter, and placed them  round the dish''for'garnish.'*''  ��������� Still more formidable and much  less romantic Avas the dinner of the  shoemaker of Don Carlos, the son of  Philip II of Spain. This is the incident as Doctor Rappoport' relates it:  "The young nobleman at that time  Avore boots with high, Avidolegs, so  as to allow a small pistol tp be concealed in them. A shoemaker'having  sent the prince a pair of boots Avith  narrow legs, Don Carlos'went into a  fit of fury���������ordered the boots to be  cut up into small pieces, cooked, and  sent over to the 'shoemaker for him  to eat. According to some accounts,  the latter was actually forced to  swallow his own boots."  What may be described as a paper  meal.de luxe Avas that of the famous  Panny Murray mentioned by Horace  Walpole.: "1 liked her spirit in an. instance I heard of t'other night. She  Avas' complaining of want of money.  Sir Richard Atkins . immediately gave  her a. 20 pound note. She said, "D  your  twenty pounds!  Slavery in Canada  A Century Ago  Old  Document Shows How They Were  Disposed  of   in   Essex   County  The* existence of shivery in what, is  now Essex County, Ontario, dtuir."  the early part of the nineteenth ecu-  fury is amply proven by an old document dug up by Registrar Henry  Oiay, at Windsor, a few days ago.  Mr. Clay is modernizing the filing  system of county documents and is  shaking dust which is more than a  hundred years old off the musty old  records which luive Jong reposed in  the court house vault.  One bundle of papers, bearing the  c*ate of J804, was opened by him, and  m it was found the will of James-  Girty. a relative of the notorious  pJainsman and Indian fighter, Simon  Gn-ty.     ��������� ,   ,        .       .    .  When GIrty came to Canada from  the south he brought with him his  full retinue of slaves, Avhich he bequeaths ,to various members of his  family in his will. The will gives his  200-acre farm on Lake Erie, in the  township of Gosfield, Essex County,-  to his daughter and son.  "I also bequeath to my son James  the following six negro slaves, or -  such of them as may be aliA-e at'the  tune of my death: Virgil, Jim, Hannah, Joe, Betsy anel Tom, and also-  the children Avhich may be born of the  said Hannah' and Betsy. To my  daughter I bequeath my negro woman  called Nancy, with her five children,  the said Nancy having been the property of the mother of my children  and intended by her for my daughter."  All other property shall be divided  between the son and daughter, .*Avith-  the exception of "my negro slave  Paul. Avhose freedom I hereby bequeath him for his long and faithful  service."  The old document will be filed away  in the new fireproof cabinets recently-  purchased by the county.  A National Asset  Good   Roads   Prove  to   be   of     Untold  Value   in   Wartime. '  The Secretary of the Lincoln High'-  Avay association in a recent publication demonstrated that, Avhen that  highway is completed from coast to  coast, it Avould be possible to transport  an army of 100,000 men Avith all their  equipment 3,400-miles across the con-'  tincnt in less than three weeks. If the  50,000 motor cars needed ** were not '  available, 'they could be turned "out  in American factories in two'Aveeks'-  notice. Or, if the men Avere sent by  rail, the burden of transporting supplies could be taken off the railroads '  by auto trucks traversing this highway. The Lincoln higlnvay should  become the backbone of a great national system of-*network roads. Three  millions haA'e been spent on it, since -  its declaration in 1913, and no time  should be lost in putting the whole >  route in permanent hard-surface:condition. Other routes and trails cross  it and paralleling it are rapidly being  devoloped. In. peace or Avar, good  roads are A-itally necessary.���������Minneapolis Journal.   ��������� /; :���������  A   Rough   Diamond  Among the soldiers in a London military     hospital    Avas   a   rough-looking  fellow   with   the   physiognomy     of   a   ���������  prizc-figliter,   and  apparently   a' com-  .plele stranger to the tender and senti-'  mental feeling/  In the same Avard lay a drummer  boy concerning Avhom no hope of recovery avjis entertained. The man  puzzled the 'doctors an-d nurses. His'  recovery, aa-jis strangely delayed,  though there Avas no apparent reason,  except his own, disinclination,* why he:  should not admit that he Avas all right  and fit to be discharged from hospital.  A watch Avas .set upon him, and it  Avas then discovered that he Avas in  the habit of making his Avay to the  side of the lad,'.smoothing his pillow,  Avatching .over him, and generally ...  performing..tire duty of a Avatchful  and affectionate nurse. It was this  cle\-otion to the boy which held hini '  to the hospital.  signify?' clapped it between two pieces  of bread and butter arid ate it."���������  Prom the London Observer.  Reduction in Fire Losses  According.to The Commercial Bulletin of New York the combined fire  losses in the United States and Canada for the past year reaches the.  enormous figure of one hundred and  eighty-three million dollars, being ii  reduction of -fifty-three million dol-  Wlint does it   lars from the figures of the previous  Spokane, Washington,. laundry nun  have begun to urge their patrons to  use Avhite goods. A printed notice  reads that since the Avar began many  of the dyes used to color wash goods  have proved to be inferior and will  not stand washing. Red and black  dyes are the colors that "run" the  most,  according to  the laundry men.  Twelve thousand lour hundred members of trade unions have left Canada  for the front since the opening of the  Avar. Of these, 459 Avere British reservists who responded to the call  to join the colors in England.  "I suppose in the collecting business nearly everyone you go to see  asks you to call again?"  "Ask   me?"   replied   the   collector.  "Some of them dare me."  year. These arc the lowest fire losses  since 1905, Avhen fhe total Avas one  hundred and seventy-five .millions. It  is claimed that the reduction in the  losses is directly due to improved precautions in vogue of preventing outbreaks of fire. In some States across  the border legislative bills haA'e been  introduced Avhich aid at putting a  direct liability on property-OAvners in  whose premises fires break out  thrpugh carelessness. Such a laAV has  been in force in Prance for many,  years.���������Montreal   Star,  In a recent examination paper for  a bby-clcrk's post Avas this question:  "If the Premier and all the members  of the Cabinet should die. who would  officlate.?"-  Robert, a boy df fourteen, thought  for a time, trying in vain to recall Avho  came next in succession. At last a  happy inspiration came to him, and  he answered:  "Tho undertaker."���������Tit Bits.  ���������ggfti:;  asamimitiff''' ���������; -, -v  *c-**-f/^i'  THJE      GAZETTE."" HEDLEY."      S.~ " "-CT  Sunlight Soap has a high standard of purity which is backed  by a $5,000 guarantee. If a  soap has no standard there is  no reason why it should always  be of uniform quality, always  contain the best materials or  be anything like at? good as  the soap with a standard.  H2  _-*8"*^I  Moose Jaw,  Sask.  July 11th to 14th���������Four Full Days  Cheapest Excursion Rates on all Railroads  Grand Re-Union; Competitive Tournament; Early Western Scenes; Featuring  the World's  Champion  Bucking Hoise Riders  i  This   is  YOUR   Invitation For   Further   Particulars  Write  A. P. Day, Manager. E. J. McMillan, Secretary.  .-^������mg������������rtr������wi������CT^ai������wnCT������J������<������CTin^  KrHt- NEW F-"t?,%'CH REMEDY. Nil  Nj2  N,S.  bTHERAPION &������"  |U*rr������:!>jccrs>. cu-ttss chronic weakness LO=r veGOic  [M:   VIM    KIDNEY     DLADDKK    DI&bASl-.S    BLOOD    POISON.  fffiLtj   siiiiF** :>������ Detucoesrb'or mail 51  post *cis  J.POUuclM CO   JJO   UEI.KMAN SI   M.W \ORKor L^ M ^*J BROS  fc'roito. ro    m. kite ros FREE book to Dr  le Clfrc  EMeo Co u wKitsrocKRD Hami*sii:ad London. K.no.  firm .M..".'OIIAOECeTA!>Tl.LLSS)I.ORMOi.    E\s\   TO   1AKS  HTHERAPION r^^-R,.  ".>������.[!   iflAI    IHAI.'E   M1KKED   V.'UP.D   * llll KAPION ' IS OM  VIRIT.OOIT  STAMP AriCXl-D TO ALL CENIU.NL; i'ACKEi3.  <SWATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS >  SomeUiing- beuer. than linen and l'lff  I'l-aiinilry Jt) 111 s Wash II Vn Ith soap and  "���������".iiei- All stor-s or direct. Slate style  "���������lid si/.e Tor 25; we will mail you  "THE ARLINQTON COMPANY OF CANADA,  " Llmltod  '   f58 Fraser Avenue, Toronto, Ontario  tire-Is  Dr.F  Wefiaveswsrnsi.-ile-  tr-entsfrompalients  cured of F!'3,E3'l2j-  sy, Falling Sickness  or Convulsion; by a  free sar-spla of Or.  Roof's remedy. Wa  PAIfEXFRESSASEon  PREETniALBOTrLF  If you CUT OUT and  RETURN THIS A3 Is                   your IsHcr-    Hun-  "0! testimonials on file. Siva area and full particular**.  . IlARV������'j'RO0FCO.Depl:.A14t'U������'->*I,.New1[o,'!'  '���������KKf* A safe,'reliable recnlatlng  -** - medicine. Sold in *,lireo de,-.  ereca o" etienfrth. No. 1,  -fl; No. 2, ���������$*!; No. 3, ii  per box. Sold by all  drug-gists, or sent prepaid in plain package on  receipt of price. Fred  pamphlet.    Addiess:  TKS COOK WlEOiCUlZ coJ  S8S0UT0. OHT. (fii-udy Wltiuij.  Insects as Human Food  Will  Take  a  Lot of  Education   Before  Edible   Bugs   Become   Popular  Dr. L. O. Howard, chief of the bureau of entomology of the department  of asricultuie, Washington, is quoted  as saying there is no reason why peo-  ph* may not cat bugs. He say.-, insect soups can he made which are  A-ery   nourishing   and   appetizing.  Of course, if the doctor is quite correct., :i new source of food supply is  at once open to the general public,  but it will undoubtedly bo necessary  to do a' lot of educating, before the  American public will take largely and  kindly to puree of mosquito, beetle  or fly. Baked grasshopper pudding  or pie, pinchbug hash and such dishes  will have to make their way to public  favor  by slow degrees.  It may he'true that adding -insects  to the diet' list will reduce the cost  oE living. But it is not in this Avay  that the average consumer'.wants the  reduction mtiele. -What is wanted is  luxuries at low prici's. The statesman who can produce; them by menus  or a plank or two in a party platform  will earn the proverbial gratitude of  republics.  Meanwhile, those who want fo join  the John the Baptists and tho diet  of locusts and wild honey are Avel-  come to do so. The musses will not  relinquish their prejudice against  bugs in soup or flies in tea nt the  mere desire of a few bugologiats. in  Washington or elsewhere.-���������From the  Detroit Free. Press.  A Progressive University  B.   C.   University  to   Give   Course   on  Scientific  Basis  of Agriculture  The University of British Columbia  is ottering this year as an elcctiA'e to  junior and senior students in arts a  course on the scientific basis of agriculture. This course is not designed  to give advanced instruction in the  sciences underlying appiovcd agricultural practices, but definite application of the scientific principles underlying these piactices is made in the  discussion of the practices themselves.  The course has been divided into  two main divisions, viz, (1) a study  of the CAolution of agricultural practices in relation to tillage, ciops, and  live stock, and of discussion in connection Avith--Ilia advances in tho  piactices noted, of the contributions  made by science in this development;  and (2) subjects which aro the natural outgiowlh of the fiist, embracing a consideration of economical,  social, and educational problems in  relation to country life, with a discussion ot the movements now under  wav looking to their solution.  Tills course Is 0 tie reel In A-Iew of  the increasing demand, not only from  teachers in the public elementary  and high schools but also from graduates in arts, theology, or medicine,  whoso piofessioual work brings them  inlo moie or less direct contact Avith  the rural population.  Domestic Complications  A woman Avorking beside her husband in a munitions factory in New  York refused to go out on a strike  when he did. When she Avent home,  ho assaulted her and was arrested.  His wife begged him off.���������Leslie's.  Money in Hogs  Canada in a Good Position to Develop  a   Permanent   Bacon   Trade  As is well known, hogs have reached  an unproeedently high level���������$11.65  per cwt., being paid lor, fed and  Avatcred on the Toiouto maiket. The  fact that, even with live hogs at this  ligure, shipments of bacon arc reani-  Jarly going forward lo England, Avill  seive to illustrate A-ery clearly the  demand for that product on the British market. Without doubt, Canada  stands in a belter position today to  develop a permanent bacon trade with  Great Britain than has eA-er been tho  ease before. To do this, however,  there must be A'olumo of supply. There  is very good reason to belieA'C that,  although prices cannot be expected  to remain at tho present, high level,  the demand for bacon, iu the face of  Ire supply that can be obtained, Avill  be such as to hold the market in a  very firm condition, both during and  for a considerable period following  the war.  Great Britain's imports of bacon  in 1,915 amounted to ������25,441,-JC0. From  Canada she obtained only ������3,324.511.  The fact that Canadian bacon has  been selling at an advance from 10  to 12s. per cwt. above American and  at not-more than 12s. under the nominal quotation for Danish, illustrates  cleaily to Avhat extent Canada could  increase hoi export trade, had she a  sufficient quantity of hogs to make  this pet-si bin. The English market  and tho British consumer Avill buy  Canadi-in bacon today, quality being  equal, in pieference to that from any  other country in the Avorld, Avith the  possible exception of Ireland. Not  only so, but an enormous market exists also for ham, frozen 'pork and  pork cuts of various descriptions. This  market is as remunerative as the  bacon trade, although it is not likely  to prove as constant.  The West is producing a great  quantity of rough giain this year. As  compared Avilh wheat, it Avill probably be relatively low in price. It  should, therefore, be a sound business proposition to breed as many  sows tins spring as Avould provide  each fmm next fall with such a number of feeding hogs as can be convenient]-.- handled and suitably finished. They should, however, be so  selected and mated as to maintain  the approved bacon type. Unless this  be done, avc cannot compete with  Ireland and Denmark and Avill lose  status on the British market. The  development of our bacon trade is a  purely commmercial undertaking and  we must early recognize that we cannot sell lo the British merchant unless a\c give him Avhat he Avants.  This granted, thrifty management  and good fcedine should yield a return this year Avhich will more than  compensate for all the labor im*olvcd.  &&8&8&&M  .e  *tt  of Constipation  Can quickly be ovfircome by  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  Purely vegetable  ���������act surely and  gsntly on the  liver. Cure  oilioiune������j,  Headache,  Dizziness, and Indigestion.    They  do  their duty.  Small PHI, Small Doso, Small Price.  '  Genuine must bear Signature  .^^r S*~ MR  1 JK,  Cool  Xiovap   Simulation  A itmfffhUorward fr-sneroas  offer tfraia an established  firm. Wa aro -giving away  Watchei to thousands o(  paoplo all ovor tins  worM oa A line*  ���������dTertlflemcnt. Now  Id your chAtica to  obtain ono. V/rlto  now, oncloafnft 35  cents for onn of our  fiuhluoAbld Iiudles'  X/Oiiff Guards, or  Gents* Albert*, uont  cnrrlwre paid to "wear  -with Die watch, Trhlcb  -j-ytU bd citen Frea  (thtwa watchM oro  ���������guaranteed live years),  nhould you tako nd-  vantano ol our marvel-  lorn offer. Wo expeat you to toll your friend*  hbout us and chow them the beautifaT watch.  Don't think this offer too cood to bo true, lmt *ond  25 cents to day and (tain & Frco Watrh. You  XTill bo awawd���������WILLIAMS & LLOYD, Whtfeaala  Jqt.cHari (DcpE.113), 83������ Conmallb Iload. London, ti..  Ens-feud.  U no more-necessary  than Smallpox, Army  experience has demonstrated  the almost miraculous efficacy, and harmlessness, of Antityphoid Vaccination.  Be vaccinated NOW by your physician, you and  your family. It Is more vital than house Insurance*  Ask your physician, drucelst, or send for "Have  you had Typhoid?" telling of Typhoid Vaccine,  results from use, and danger from Typhoid Carriers*  rilE OUTER LABORATORY,   BERKELEY, CAU  ffiODUCIHa VACCINES ft 8S3UUS UNDER U. S. 69V. LICEUII  Lightning Reds Efficient  Statistics   Show   That   Danger     From  iLightning   is   Greatly   Lessened  The efficiency of lightning rods may  may bo estimated at ninety-nine.per  cent.," says the report of the United  States Bureau of Standards, after digesting the reports or farm mutual file  insuiance companies and state fire  marshals. "As the report look account  vof every kind, both hcav and old, good  and bad, these figures give strong  support to the use of lightning rods.  Four hundred and sixty houses noted  as being struck by lightning Avere occupied at the time by families. In  two hundred fifty-four cases out of  the four hundred sixty, one or more  persons ivere cither severely injured  or killed. But two or three of these  houses Avere rcpoited as having rods,  so it mjght be concluded from these  figures that in the case of an unrodded  house being struck,.the chances that  all of the occupants Avill escape harm  aro about foity-five out of each hundred ."  We remind you again that your  fence.Avires should be grounded every  feAV rods so a lightning charge iviil  not travel along the wires, arid kill  Stock or set fire to some attached  buildings.  Don't take chances Avith lightning.  It is cheap insurance to rod the buildings and ground the fence wires.���������Successful Farming.  *:-*y*  ,-* .>. *j  SOLD 3V ALL GOOP SHOE DEALEP.S ;  LITTLE  Cheapest of All Oils.���������Considering  the cifralrve qualities of Dr. Thomas'  Electric Oil, it is the ^cheapest of all  preparations offered to the public. It  is to be found in every drug store in  Canada from coast to coast and all  country merchants keep it for sale.  So, being easily procurable and extremely moderate in price, no one  should be Avithout a bottle of it.  Wonderful Bilious Remedy  Actually Prevents Attacks  There are two great causes of biliousness,���������they are constipation and  defective liver ad ion.  When Dr. Hamilton's Pills are taken, they not onlv couect constipated bowel.-., but act upon the liver  as Avell.  Quite unlike ordinary medicines  Avhich purge and nivc* temporary relief, Dr. Hamilton's Pills remove the  conditions Avhich cause biliousness,  and thus permanent cuics aie effect-x  ed. No person a\1io occasioneilly uses  Dr. Hamilton's Pills will eA-er suffer  fioin the headache, bad stomach or  bilious complaint. Get a 25c. box  today.  $100 Reward, $100  Tlie :c.idei*s of tlii-> paper will he pleased to  k.mi tint tl'cie is at te.ist one dicndeil disease  science Ma*, liee-.i <ib!c lo cute in :ill its sla-jes, and  tliati-, c.il.uili. Cat,u ih l>eiit;r zieatly influenced l>\- coii->liliitioujl conditions lcciiiuc-s conslilu-  liomil trc'ilmciit Hall-, Cititrli One t*. taken  iutciii.illy and ac-U thru tlie Ulood on the .Mucou-i  Surfaces o" the bj->teni theicby dcstioyinu: the  foundation of the disease, jzmn? the patient  stieiiirth hi buildiutr up the constitution nnd  assisting; nature in doing- it.s work. The pro-  pticlois have so much I'nith in the curative  powers of Hall's Cultiri'li Cure thai they offer  One Hundred Doltnrs for any case that it fails to  cure.    Send for list of testimonials.  Address: 1**. J. OIIl'N'UV.& CO., To'.edo, Ohio.  Sold by all drusreists, 75c.  Minard's     Liniment     Lumberman's  \, Friend.  k \ A  Matter  oF Comparison  |l "'Election Agent���������"That was a good  ffloii^j speech our candidate made on  |l|Jv pgiicultiiral ciucstion, wasn't it?"  .v^l'ariner Piowson���������"Oh, ay, it wasn't  ''pr1--; but a couple o' nights' good  .r|in 'ud 'a done a sight more good."  W.      N.      U.      (Ill  Russian  Women  Engineers  A number of Russian women university graduates have specialized in  mining, others again have become  expert in the good roads movement,  which is a vital issue in Russia; several Avill undertake' duties connected  with the rapid extension of the canals  and waterways.  Many women hold important executive positions in the Ministry of  Agriculture.  Graduates in architecture- do not  become draftsmen, but have the opportunity lo conceive and execute  their own designs. In Russia there  is no prejudice against the professional woman, in no other country  does she stand so fully on a basis of  equality.  Trusted positions in hanks, formerly closed to women have been officially opened, affording an avenue  to specialists iu economies.  A small boy was asked: "Who was  the richest man mentioned in the  Bible?"  He denied .that it was Solomon, because .the "Bible tells he slept with  his fathers, an' if he Avas rich he'd  have had a bed of his own."  A Silent Salesman  Many manufactmers of machinery  that is too heavv or too bulky to be  sent for -inspection to a pro&pective  customer now give their iriiA-elling  salesman sets of motion pictures that  show exactly how the machines work.  The salesmen cany small, light motion-picture projectors that can he  connected with the lighting circuit in  the office of the customer. A blank  wall sci-A'os for a screen. Since tiro  motion picture is independent of the  seasons, the salesman can show a  harvester at work in aa inter or a  seeder or planter in the fall. The  films also help to overcome fhe instinctive opposition that many buyers  of machinery and equipment display  toward new apparatus"and now methods. Such men Avill not listen to the  salesman or go to see the new machine  in operation, but they v,i\\ look at  the motion pictuies.���������Engineeiing  Magazine.  Gallieni and His Taxicabs  One feat no less decisive than picturesque A\ill ahvays stand out in the  distinguished military career of Gen.  Gallcjni. When in "the first days of  September, 1914, he loaded into taxi-  cabs 50,000 men of tno Army of Defense, of Paris and rushed them to the  aid of Gen. Maunoury, avIio Avas about  to strike at Gen. von Kluck's flank,  he made certain that Paris Avas saA-ed.  That was the task Avhich had been  assigned to him. From the moment  that von Kluck Avas forced "to retreat  and the French under Foch routed  the Germans at Fere-Champenoise.  the Geiman plan of campaign Avas a  failure.  The taxicabs of Paris in the days  of peace had not been such as to  command uni\-ersal admiration. They  had earned the reputation of being  recklessly driven and rnirrdoious in  opera Lion. Gallieni. by a stioke of  genius, com-crtcd them into efficient  engines of war. "One thing that the  German General Staff, Avith its marvelous fore-sight in preparing for the  war, could never Ikia-o foreseen Avas  the swift transport of Gallieni's corps  through the mobilization of thousand*- cf shabby lillle taxicabs. But  in Gil'u'iii'i, calculations it was not  an accident, lie Avas prepared and  waiting, and he struck at the right  instant.���������New  York  World.  Bulgaria's Food  Turkey has already received, during the last feAV months, considerable supplies of corn, and as a token  of good-Avill Bulgaria has sent to her  Greek neighbors 10,000 tons of Avheat.  Bulgaria, therefore has not much  corn left for export. As against this,  the quantity cf maize (as fodder)  hai-A-ested this your, together Avith  that left over from last year, exceeds  20,000 Avagons.'and can,'for the most  part, be transported to Germany by  the Danube. This Avould make" ten  times the amount supplied by Bulgaria  to Germany in former years. The next  article of expoit from Bulgaria is eggs  . . . and then come^vegetables, cheese  and fats. Cattle such as Germany requires for meat consumption are riot  produced by Bulgarian breeders to any  large extent, but sheep and lambs  aie at Germany's disposal.���������Berlin  JLokal Anzigcr.  Even in a match   you  should*1  consider the "Little Things,"  the wood���������tlie. comp.ositipn-rr-i  the   strikeability���������the' .flame.  ATGHES  - "-   L<     \ i*"*.-. l-!    '      -J-f.&d-**?-  are made of strong dry pine  stems, with a secret perfected  composition - that guarantees  "Every Match At Light'; . 65  years of knowing how���������that's'  the reason i  All Eddy products are p dependable products���������Always;*;'  Cycle  of  Progress  Prof.   Flinders   Petrie.     the  British   Archaeologist,   has   a  that   the   liuiiuiri   race   improves   and  becomes decadent iu cycles.    He con-1 diagonal  noted  theorv  ���������   MINARD'S LTXIMFXT is the only-  Liniment asked for  at my store  and  the only one we keep fur sale.  All ihe people u^e it.  IIARL1X   FULTON.  Plcasi.ni, Bav, C. B.  Helmets Prevent Blindness  "We are parLing today." au American nur.-e writes from a hospital,  "with our last blind boy, avIio is going  oTf to a special school lo be put in  the way ejf getting his living poor  fellow. We have had no fresh eye  class lately, ami I do n.it doubt that  this must in great measure be due  to the new steel casques. Avhose real  value is shown by the case of one of  my patients. The bullet struck the  'peak' of his helmet, but avhs deflected,  inc! laid open his forehead in a long   ic doctors  s;iy  if  it had  Reduced by Asthma. The constant  strain of asthma brings the patient to  a dreadful state of hopeless exhaustion. Early rise should by all means  be made of the famous Dr. J. D. Kel-  logg's Asthma Remedy, Avhich more  than any other acts quickly and surely  on the air passages and brings blessed  help and comfort No home Avhere  asthma is present in the least degree  should be Avithout this great remedy.  Easy to Talk  According to the following anecdote  our blockade of Germany has been  much more effective than certain  newspapeis A\ill admit. At a recent  banquet the Belgian Consul, PL L. de  Give, said :  "I have just heard an anecdote  about tho German food-famine.  "A regiment of Landstunn men  Avere setting out for the front from  Beilin. The usual crowd avc re seeing  the old boys off���������an anxious, silent  crowd. But finally there was one chap  a\1io screwed up spirit enough to shout,  'Long live Germany!'  "At this a gray-Avhiskered Land-  sLui'm man tinned round and yelled  rcproachfullv at the should1, 'What  on?' "  you must do' something" more ���������;  than use cosmetics." You must- .  keep the blood pure, the liver  and kidneys active  and' the  bowels regular. You must also  correct the digestive ills that.  cause muddy skin and dull eyes.  ��������� * ,_������������������������  Progress  in  Russia  Co-operation is gaining great faA-or  in Canada, and the farmers of the  a*.est   are  beginning  to   consider    the  ;et-fogethcr" idea a paramount one.  offer you the needed help. They  are mild in action, but quickly,  strengthen the stomach, gently stimulate the liver and regulate the bowels.   They put the  body in good condition.^ so the.  organs work as nature intended.   Backed by sixty years of'  usefulness, Beecham's Pills - ���������'*  DirecKorjt witb Emry Bor of Spcrid V������lap to WckSB  Sold everywhere.  Id boxei, 25 cent*.   ������ *  In   Proportion  For several Aveeks  a  Avounded  sol-'  dier had had no solid food���������nothing  but milk.    At length the doctor told  him that the next day 'he could have  Tho area in fall wheat in all Canada is estimated by the Census and  Statistics office at 1,042,200 acres as  compared with 1,208,700 last, year.  Condition of crops is not equal to' last  year but is 8 per cent, above the average of the last seven veara. ���������  siders that what occurred in Greecp  in Babylon, in Egypt and in Rome  was that these people reached that  crucial stage of development Avhicli  inevitably is followed by degeneration^  and that they died in obedience to  a natural law. The idea is not altogether npAv, although the treatment  of the subject may be; we all recall  the picture of the New Zealander amid  the ruins of London.���������The Ottawa Citizen.  entered straight at the point of "impact it Avould certainly have blinded  him."  Two ladies���������each with her child���������  visited the Chicago Art Museum. As  they passed the "Wiiigod Victory" the  little boy exclaimed: "Huh! She ain't  sol no head." "Sh!" the horrified  little girl ���������replied. "That's Art���������she  don't need none!"���������Harper's Magazine!.  ire 35.000 co-operative societies with  ii million male members, according  to Dr J. W. Robertson, speaking recently in Winnipeg. Farmers manage  2,700 co-operative creameries. There  are 10.U00 consumers' leacues through  which the* people club together and  buy on tho best terms, securing the  h<\*>t \."luos, and theie aro over 14,000  mutual credit associations.  Sweet and palatable. Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator is acceptable to  children, and it does its work surely  and promptly.  Dr. Grenfell, Avho has heen at the  front, says that British or Canadian  soldier's overcoat weighs eight pounds  Avhen dry, and Avhen Avot and muddy  forty pounds. . The doctor suggests  instead of khaki, a kind of cariA'as-  clolh Avhich he Avears in Labrador.  his first meal, however, Avas about a  tablespoonful of tapioca. Pie sAvallowed  it, groAiling and grumbling.  "Thai's all the dinner you , can  have," the nurse said, "and the doctor  orders that eA-erything else must be  in  the same proportion."  Tho patient pushed aAvay the plate.  "Well, I'll do some reading now,''  he said. "Bring me a postage stamp."-  Wouldn't   Care   Anyway  "I. see  ivhere  a  judge  has  decideel  that to tickle a,mule on the hind leg-  is contributory negligence."    .  "I shouldn't think a man' avIio did  that Avould care by the time the decision Avas given Avhat it Avas."   .;  Young man. beware of the girl avIio  springs a cooking school diploma on  you. It is the same as a leap year  proposal.  One hundred' and tAventy-three en������  emy firms���������that is businesses conducted by enemies before the Avar iu  Great Britain���������hare been officially'  wound up.     Still more are to folloAvv  Some Manitoba seed Avheat has given  excellent results in France.  p������������1S1  Liver troubles and habitual constipation can be cured���������but not  by cathartic: or purgative medicines. The only possible way is  to help your system to cure itself; and that is what Dr. Cassells  Instant Re'isf so surely docs. It is not cathartic, it is not violent,  it is quite different to the coarse purgative preparations in common  use. These only irritate and Aveakcn ; Dr. CasseiTs Instant Relief  tones and strengthens the liver and bowels, and so restores their  ,      power   to  do   nature's Avork in nature's  Avay.  Take Dr.  Cassell's   Instant Relief for constipation, biliousness,  liver  troubles,   sick   headache,   flatulence,   acidity,   heartburn,  and Impure blood.  Dr. fa,  ,)'$ irfjtan. Rc-lle? it th* cotiij  ifflUM to Dr. Oratir* .T������Wer  ilon  .1 ik your Drugoint lor Dr. CasseU'a Instant Belief and take no substitute.  Pnloea 60 cents from all Druggists* and Storekeepers,  or direct from th* sole* aj������nUi for Ctnaeln.. Harold P. Ritchie* and Co., hUL,  1.0, McCaul-utreat, .Toronto, a War Tai, 2 cK-ata d-tira.  ^   -nr��������� 1-J*- *    m'V-I ������\, a--***      . ,,���������''-..*���������!���������  Sell proprietor*.- DriCaiieU't CoJ; Ltd., Manchester,,BnatatiA  " Soianoo  Sittings,"  April 11, 1916, saysi���������  "Provitienoe hasgivon  lis    tha    brains    to  devisa moans to com-  pansato   Natura   for  our   illtreatt-rrerit   of  nor. . . . Tlia means  at   (janel   oolns  from  natural sourcas. aha  wa   have   W&W   6W.  bodied in siloli eplon-  did combination    as  Df, OassoM's instant  Relief,   Wo take this  preparation    as    an  (WftttiPle Jbooay-je.  u  Is  so wen   -aatanoetf  in    the    -matter    tt  > components   and > to  I j.iditmf������n.[%������ *gj��������� '*a* ������-4*.  ���������-rf������> .AiA'.lJ' '-'."'  -  - -������������������1-SfcJi  iiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiail'lllwml'WtlWlitlflT THE      GAZETTE;      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  -<Z  "The Big Store"  General  Merchants  KEREMEOS, B. C.  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of all  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  SaAving, Clearing lanci, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Kkremkos, B.C.  Zm Kftdley Gazette  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year SAOO  "   (United States)  2.50  Advertising Rates  Measurement. Vi lines to the inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, $1.25 for one insertion, 25 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over one inch,  12 cents per line for first insertion anel S  cents per line for eacli subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  S1.U5; over 1 inch and up to 4. inches, $1.00  per inch per month. To constant advertisers  taking larger space than four inches, on  application, rates will bo given of reduced  charges, based on sine of space and length  of time.  Certificate ot Improvements ������10.00  (Where more than one claim appears  iu notice, ������2.50 for each additional  claim.)  Jas. "W. Grihr, Publisher1.  Hedley, B. C, July 13, 191(3.  " He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me."  Those Hedley sidewalks still  need repairs. It is said the reason Hedley doesn't get a share  of appropriations is because we  don't ask. Let us all ask* and  we may receive.  Penticton has at least one  expert hainmersmaii. Tlie Dominion Day celebration didn.t  quite suit him. The Turf Club  were not just quite the proper  persons to handle the bally  wheeze; the band was "just  simply impossible," the streets  should have been mown, there  should have been a more convivial reception committee, a  special steamer should have  been chartered; also a train or  two. It appears that one Mc-  Watters .could have handled  the celebration properly, but  McSwatters was out of toAvn  and the Turf Club did the best  they could tinder the circumstances. It is hoped that at  future celebrations McSpaters  will be chartered. There is a  splendid opportunity in this  province for a celebration expert such as Mr. McWhat.  Might we suggest a change in  name for advertising purposes,  say, Gilhooley-MacSwat.  The Hedley school board is  to be congratulated on  receiving a.unanimous vote of thanks  from the ratepayers  at the an-  uual school meeting.   It was an  unheard of procedure for taxpayers to take���������a record almost beyond the limits of imagination.  Both  the  board and  the   taxpayers are to be congratulated.  The schools  and  the   teachers  of  tcjday  are so different from  those of forty or fifty years ago  and the gulf is such a  wide one  between    the    trained    school  teacher of the present day and  the untrained school  keeper of  fifty years  ago; the   stuffy, ill-  ventilated,      ungraded,      overcrowded dens   of then  and the  splendid, cheerful school rooms  of now,   tliat only  those   who  xveve     "licked"    through     tlie  "Three JR's" a,  half a   century/  ago Oan fully understand and  appreciate the opportunities  afforded children under the educational system of today. Not  that we wish to reflect ej.i the  old-time school-teacher, many  of theni scholars and educationalists ;bf a. high order, but they  AA'ere seriously handicapped in  their work by '''over-crowded  and .ungraded, schools., It was  not unusual for a teacher to  have from eighty to one hundred pupils, ranging from A to 20  years of age. Out of those  schools came many of the men  prominent in Canada today.  Annual School Meeting.  The .annual school meeting  was held in the public school  Saturday forenoon. There was  a larger attendance, than usual,  but whether this was caused by  a greater interest in educational  matters,. or the hammer club  out for a little -.practice' in the  "anvil chorus," did not come to  to the surface. Whatever the  cause of the larger attendance,  the meeting was harmonious,  and after the trustees had presented their annual report and  out!hied their, policy -for the  coining year, a unanimous vote  of thanks was passed.  T. H. Rotherham was chairman and S.L. Smith secretary  of the meeting. F. H.French  was.reelected to the board and  F. M. Gillespie auditor. The  teaching staff.-" will be reduced  cfrom three to t\\rb until a sufficient number of pupils have  passed' the entrance examinations to justify a resumption- of  high school work. The classes  will be so arranged that \the  first year of high school work  will be taken up.'.'-The.-school  bosrd are F. H. French, chairman;. S. L. Smith, secretary, and  Herbert Jones. 'Following'-''is  the financial statement read  at the meeting:  Hedley School Report.  June 30th, 1916.  TRIAL BALANCE.  Propoi'ty S   53S.03   S  Taxes  !),S73.75  Cash on hand...       231.57  Expenses to date  ..   8,513.35  furnishings  ....      500,75  8 9,87.".75  S 9.S73.75  EXPENSE ACCOUNT.  1  July 1, Will-To balance   $ U,50(i.73  Salaries.     toachers    and  Kuel ���������      272.80  OWitter and light         17.00  Repairs        32.15  Incidentals and rent          S8.03  Insurance       112.00  2,123.')5  Ily Insurance. , . $     37.33  $ 8,(*30.(JS  Bjr rent account...         50.00  By Balance, June 30, lillli..   8,543.35  8,������30.(J8  kkoeipts:      CASH ACCOUNT. -  July 1, 1915, to balance   To Taxes.. ......S 1,718.61  To old property sales 97.63  To rents.....;..         50.00  To insurance         37.33  % . 520.95  1,903.57  disbursements:  By Avages...;   By fuel..   By insurance.   By water and light   By repairs    By incidentals and rent  Library account.   $2,130.52  ...$1,601.(17  272.80  112.00  17,00  32.45  88.03  75.00  ������ 2,198.9.-,  231.57  June 30, lillli, by balance....  July 1st, to balance $    231.57   52,130.52  This is to certify that I have  examined the books and accounts of the Hedley School  Board, and declare the above  to be a true statement of their  accounts.     F. M. Gills we,  Auditor.  Th<j Last Time  Professor Collins of Christian! university, writes as folloAvs  in the Norwegian paper, Tidons  Tegn:  "The military history of  modern Europe moves on great  monumental lines, which are  beginning to stand clearly forth  in the light of present events.  "Four times in the course of  four centuries has a single European state been so powerful  and so ambitious that it has  sought to win the overlordship  of Europe, and thereby of the  world: The Spain of Philip II.,  the France of Louis XIV., the  France of Napoleon I., and hoaa',  at last, Germauy. Four times  have less powerful military  states formed a great coalition  to avert a neAV Roman empire,  built upon conquest.  "The   dream    of. 'universal  monarchy,' inherited  from   the  fercd shipwreck, and is presumably on fhe point of running  on tho rocks a fourth time.  And this time may not improbably prove to be the last. In  that case it is a iioav era of  AA'hich we are witnessing the unspeakable birth pangs.  "England has in every ca.se  acted in its oaa'ii well-considered  interest, but at the same time,  whether purposely or not, in  the interest of the whole European family. To.the advantage  of all, no less than to their own,  the British have kept the way  open towards a far higher form  of world-state than any universal monarchy."  Mrs. Hetty Green, richest  woman in the world, is dead.  She Avas 83 years of age and her  fortune exceeded one hundred  million dollars. She made ninety  millions heiself, starting with  ten millions which her parents  left her.  Never fool with a fool; he  may fool you.  A  fi==  T/VKE  or stomacn  and Bowel Trouble  HeclieyDrutj& Book Store  Hedley, J3. C.  The B. C. Prohibition Act  Does Not Prohibit.  Measure  Provides   for  Free  Unrestricted   Importation  Liquor from Outside  Points.  and  of  short   answer   frequently  helps to start something.  On his   bending  knees a man  may find baggy trousers.  Medley's Contingent  Following is the lisL of the men avIio  luive gone to the   front   from Hedley.  The   Gazette   publishes   tlieni  in   the*  hope that our* readers will   not   fail to  remember* these brave felloAvs Avho care  fighting   our*   battles   for"   us.    Write  ilieni a letter occasionally   to let them  know' yem   aro   keeping "The   Home  Fires     Burning.'   Addresses     gladly  furuibheel on request*..  Pte. Sid Edwards (Killed  in Action)  L. C, Blair Mills (Killed  in Action)  Ptt*. W. Fullmer  "   J. Stapleton  "   .T. Frame  "   Tom Corrigan  "  lSbeiizer "���������/���������-.ns, (Died in Hospital)  "   Roy Ooirigan  "   N. B. EAvarl  "   Bobby Robertson  "   Jack Hoavc  "   Dan Devane  "   Dan Dollemore  "   J. T. N. Hopper  "   Arthur Coles  "   Bert Schubert,  Corp.    Frank Dollemore  "   M. J. Mohor, (Yoikie)  L.-Corp. T. C. Knowles  Pte. Hod McDougall  "   It. James  "   M. JI. L. Jiicciiubs  "   li. J. Rotherham  "   Arthur Freeman  "   C. Christiana  "   J. Corrigan  Gunner Chas. Saunders  PLc. A. P. Men-Lin  Sergeant A. AV". Jack  Pte. T. Calvert  "   W. Liddicott  "   George Boxall  "   W. Tucker  "   Fred Beck  2nd Lieut. A. E. Dennian  Pte. J. McClinLock  "   A. B. S. Stanley  "   Homer- McLean.  Pioneer Nick Pickard.  Dates of Fall Fairs  has  for  The department ofagriculLiii-e  issued the following fall fair dates  season 1010:  circuit '.i  Cbilliwack.... Sept;.   18-15  Alder-grove  Sept. 15  MaLsqui Se*pt   Ki  Langley Sept 10  Richmond  .Sept 19  Richmond Sept 20  Burqnithini Sept 21  CIRCUIT *1  Barriere. Sept 13  Hcfley Creek   Pritchard.   Kamloops   Salmon Aim   Kelowna   Armstrong   Eagle River (MalakAva).  CiucuiT 5  Gateway   Cranbrook    Windermere   Golden   Fruitvale   Trail   Nelson   BosAvt'll   Grand Forks   Greenwood   CIUCUIT (>  Revelstoke   Robson   Slocan City   NeAV Denver..   Burton '.  Needles   Arrow Lake (Nnkusp)....  Cresteni   CIRCUIT 7  Nicola ���������   Penticton   Sunmiorlanil  ... Sept 14 15  ....S.ept   19  ....Sept 20-22  ...Sept 22-23  ...Sept 20-20  .... Sept 28-2   OeL 3   Se-ptf)  ... .Sept 0-7  ...Sept 12-13    Sept 15   Sept.18  . ..Sept 19-20   20 22   Sept 22  ...Sept 25-20  .... ISe.pt 27  ...Sept 21 22  ...    Sep" t 25   Sept-20  ...Sept 27-28  .   ...Sept 30  .....Oct 34  ......Oct 4 5  ....... Oe:t 7   ..Oct 0   Oct 9-10  Oct 11-12  Romans,  has three  times suf-JKttIanittlkll r0yuiiia)......'......Oct 14 couver, B. &  The B. C. Prohibition Act, on  which tlie electors of British  Columbia will be asked to  register their opinions at the  polls, is not a prohibition act in  any sense of the term. So contrary is it to the principles of  prohibition that prohibitionists  thomselves.are freely criticizing  the measure and the man who  is neither "Avet" or "dry" is asking the pointed question as to  what will be secured the bill  save the building-up of industry  and trade at points outside the  province.  All of which goes to shoAv  that it is advisable ' that the  elector who desires to vote intelligently on the subject should  carefuljy examine the Act before election day.  The "wide open" clause of the  Act, Clause 57, reads as follows:  "Nothing in thin Act shall  be construed bo interfere:  '  "(aJ  With the right of any  'person to import from toith-  oui  the province liquor for  bona fide use injiis private  d'welling house."  This  clause  means  that any  resident of  the  province  is al-  loAved to purchase all the liquor  he desires, just as  often as he  wishes, without control or regulation   by  the   government, so  long as he sends his money outside the province  for   his Supply-  This clause would, for instance, allow any person to  place a standing order Avith any  liquor dealer outside the province for a weekly or monthly  shipment of whisky Lo be delivered to his dwelling. On such  an order the supply of liquor  would reach him constantly as  long as he met* the bills. In  the face of such conditions the  question may well be asked " Is  this Prohibition ?"  In the preliminary campaign  in connection with the bill and  at the present time, prohibitionists have made a grand  stand play, both on the platform and through their propaganda literature, of the drunkard and the frightful evils  which accomyany drinking.  Yet, in the bill for which they  .themselves are admitedly entirely responsible they have  done absolutely nothing to lessen the consumption of liquor  in British Columbia tho sole  effect of the legislation being  to send monoy spent for liquor  outside the province. Incidentally it may be mentioned that  the drunkard who already has  the taste and the habit, is the  man most likely to be tho first  to take advantage of tne privilege to buy outside and, should  should the Act pass, would  therefore haA'e liquor in quantity in his home whereas he  iioav takes his liquor by the  glass. As the small boy would  say " What's- the use ?"  The great question lying behind  the referendum  vole  on  the    Prohibition   question   is  whether the regulated sale of  liquor under   government   license and  the  control is  not  better   than   the  and   unrestricted importation  of liquor from outside points.  Readers desiring literature or  information     concerning,    the  Prohibition    Act    may   secure  same by writing to  Merchant's  Protective   Association,   Room  24, Canada'Life Building, Van-  Economy  Mason1  E. Z. Seal  A  full  line  of all  sizes; also  Extra Tops and Rubbers.  New Perfection on-.stows-  Still a Few Left.      .  HEDLEY  GAZETTE  JOB DEPARTMENT  WHEN YOU ARE IN NEED OF-  Lctterheads  Billheads  -   Envelopes  Statements  Meal Tickets  Milk Tickets  Ball Programs  Posters  TRY US == WE  Dodgers, Dates   '  Circulars  Invitations  Business Cards  Bills of Fare  Memo Heads  Butter Wrappers  Visiting Cards  GIVE SATISFACTION  WATER NOTICE.  ' Tfike notice tliat YV. .1. Armstrong,  D. J. Mclutyre, A. Thompson, and  Ifugh McCormae-,1*., whose address is  Penticton, B. C, will apply for a  lici-nce tei take and use one bundred  horses power of water out of Susap  creek, which flows easterly and drains  into the Similkameen river about half  :i mile north of R. J. Armstrong's  vaiu-h. The Avater will he diverted  From the stream at a point aliout one  and a half miles from Avhere Susap  creek enters the Siinilkaineen, and  will he used for pocvei.' and milling  purposes upon the mine property described as the. Joe Dandy and Croat  Palls group. This neiliee av.-is posted  on Lire ground on the eighth day of  June, 1010. A copy of this ne>Li*-c- and  un application pursuant Llu-ieto and  to the " Water Act, 19M," will ho filed  in the: office* of tlie Water Recoieler at  Pi inceton, 15. C. Objections to the  application may he filed with Ihe said  Water Recorder or AViLh Ihe Comptroller of Weiter Rights, Pen lianient  Buildings, Victoria, B. C, wilhiri  thirty clays after the first appearance*  of this no'tiiio in a loe*al neAVspaper.  The date of the  first publication of  this neitice. is June* 15lh, 1916,  W. J. Arm strong, "*���������  D. J,  McfNTYRl-*,  A. Thompson, |  -   Hugh McUobmackJ  By D. J. Mclntyre, Agent.  Tiie N'igkgi Plate  BarD6rJ>110D  SflTlSFflGTORY, SANITARY  TONSORIflL SERVIG&  This shop it equipped Avith  Baths and all the latest  Electrical   Appliances.  T.BUTLER,  -.  Prop.  ^Applicants  PAINTING  PflPER-flflNGING  KflLSOMINING  TERMS MODERATE  ���������MEDLEY; B.C..  60   YEARS  XPSRJENCE  c>~ "-v* wiw   e 5*-.i  v3 ?. ��������� "3 .   m  ���������1  ���������\4  &&l��������������������������� ���������*   "���������'nA'-'s: rtfa**-.'*."**  *5?|V- OS.S1.-.-.3  "'   ' COPVri'.Cii-sT-J &-C  Anyone) sending :i r.i-.olcii ir.-.d (tr.ncr!;itl.iii ma>  "iilckly nacortiilii oier o--:-,tcTi fr'jo whether av  invention is p-obnbly :*i: -.l-.'Hhla. Cominunlctv  Uonsstrictly cnnSdcnt-i."-. HANDBOOK on Patencj  senl Tree. Ol.-lest >n:cn* :���������' !\.r Kocurnii; pnliinta.  Pntonts l.alit'ii I'.r������������������< n Miiim & C'o. recolTS  fecial notice, -.iDn.\iL i-;.:;ii.'o, in the  ���������>5dft*S<'pf*J'  -HVa  A nnndgnrr. .->  cilnl.ion ut ���������  Wmt  :,-r.1 -���������-'���������r.klT.  (:.--��������� .1 ...joittl.  r.!l  I,nr,'  ���������I'cr:  '.OVf  O  elr-  Ms  uer.������.  -;:^*N8wTor^  ",.-,-ia;..|as't(������n Ti. ".*..  PKESBYTERIAN  CHUKCH  un/ref/ulated Services   every   alternate! Sunday   at  S.OOp.m;  Rka*. Robkrts W'iIjIjIAms, Pasior.  Hmdl'Ey Methodist Chukcii  PR tiNK STANTON, B. A.  Ministeu*  Services will he* held the First and  Third Sundays of tho month  at 8.00 p. m.  Synopsis of Coal Mining .Regulations  /"iOAIj mining rights of tho Dominion, it  '-' Manitoba, Saskatohowiin and Alboihi,  tho Yukon Territory, tho North-west Territories nnrl in u portion of the Province of lli*i-  tish Columbia, niuy bo luiiseel for a term of  twenty-ono yeai-s ut an iiiuuial rental of ?1 an  aerre. Not more tliiin !2,5(iO ncres wi bo lcaseit  to ono uppliuant.  Application for a lenso must be made by tho  applicant in poison to the Agent or Sub-Agent  of the district in which the rights applied for  aro .situated.  In surveyed torritory the land must bo described by sections, or legal sub-diA'isions of  sections, and in unsurvoyoil territory tho tract  applied for shall bo staked out ��������� the applicant  himself.  Kiieh application must be accompanied by  fco of So which will be refunded if tho rights  applied for are not available, but not other  wise. A royalty shall be paid on tho merchant  able output of tho mine at the rate of flvo cents  per ton.  Tho person operating the mine shall furnMi  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for  tho full quantity of merchantable mined  and nay tho royalty thereon.   I coalmin  ing rights are not being operated- su returns  should be furnished at least onco a year.'  Tho lease will includo tho coal mining rights  only, but tho lossee may bo pormittoa topur- *  chase whatever available surface rights may  be considered necessary for tbo working of the  ruino at tho i*ato of "510.00 an aero  For fi-11 Information application should be  made to the Socrotary of tho Department of  tho Interior. Ottawa, or n any Agont or Sub-  Agont. of Dominion Lanels.  W. VV. (JOKY,  Doputy Ministor of tho Interior.  N.B.-ynauthorized publicatl        this adve  tisement avIU not bo paid for.   . 96m  i


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items