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The Hedley Gazette Jul 20, 1916

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 ���������^"������������������Wna  ������,  ogisl.  ntivt  -4.s/y,  enibly  tohtiQ^f  VolumeXII.      Number 27.  HEDLEY, B.C., THURSDAY, JULY 20,  191C.  $2.00, In Advance  Travel by Autocall up Phone No. 12  IT A good stock of Horses and Rigs on  Hand.   If Orders for Teaming  promptly attended to.  WOOD   FOR   SALE!  KEREMEOS" ITEMS.  last  PflLftGE  Uvery, Feed & Sale StaDles  Phono 12.  HEDLEY   B. C  D. J. INNIS  Proprietor  N. Thomfs n phonk sevmour 5913  MOK. AVESTKRN CANjIDA  Cammell Laird c& Co. Ltd  Steel Manufacturers  ' Sheffield," Eng.  Offices and Warehouse, 847-63 Beatty Street  Vancouver, B. C. ���������  A. F.. & A. M.  REGULAR monthly meetings of  Hedley Lodge No. 13, A. F. & A.-M.,  aro held on the second Friday in  each month in Fraternity hall, Hedley. Visiting  brethren aro cordially invited to attend.  c������  Q. H..SPRQULE,  W. M  S. E. HAMILTON  Secretary  L. O. L;  The Regular    meetings of  Hedloy Lodgo 1744 are held on  the  first and third Monday in  eA-ery month in the Orange Hall  80  Ladies meet 2nd and 4 Mondays  Visiting brethern are cordially invited  W. LONSDALK W. M.  H. K. HANSON, Sec't.  R. P.  BROWN  British Columbia Land'Surveyor  Tel. No. 27 P. O. Diiaavkk ISO  PENTICTON,       -      -      B. C.  P. W. GREGORY  CIVIL  KNGINKER and BRITISH  " COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building       -       Princeton  WALTER  CLAYTON C.   E.   HASKINR  GLflyiON & ttflSKINS  Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.  MONEY TO LOAN    .-'.  PENTICTON,        -       ,.B. C.  ������..    :':���������  Heaieu Opera House  fl. I. JONES, Manafler  A; large,  commodious hall': for  dances or other entertainment.  Jrt^^M5������������rt^^^^1r8������������^3������*4^iei^'������iie}S������^i������*jJ  Grand  Union j  X  X  X  X  X  %  X  X  ������  X  X  X  X  X  Hotel  HEDLEY,  British Columbia  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  Bar Stocked .with Best Brands  jtj  of Liquor and Cigars  *  A,  WINKLER,     Proprietor,  ���������^������*?-n'������R.'n������������'������^H������?Ks?'*������5������*;������?������?������?������t������������������������������������������  so-*  HEDLEY MEAT  MARKET  F  b  a b  ���������  All kinds of fresh and  cured meats ahvays on  hand. Fresh Fish on  sale   every   Thursday.  R. J. EDMOND, Prop.  &  ,*������  GREAT  NORTHERN  HOTEL  HEDLEY B.C.  Bar and Table the Best.   Rates Moderate  First Class Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor  Mrs.  J. A.  Brown   left  week ou a trip to Vernon.  Mr. R. IT. Carmichael was a  visitor to Penticton   last week.  Stanley Pratt was in town  this week doing business for his  firm.  Morris Daly was a visitor to  Princeton on Wednesday of  last week.  Mr. Marshall of Seattle, manager of the Tungsten property,  was in town Friday.  Miss  Conklin   of   Vernon   is  e  visiting at the home of Mrs. W.  Manery, Similkameen.  Mrs. Glawn of Yakima, Wash,  has been visiting with her  brother. G. S. London of Olalla.  Miss Winnie Manery attended  the celebration at Princeton,  July 12th, and reports having a  a good time.  Mr. King of Princeton was in  town on Monday, accompanied  by Misses Long- and Woodburn  and Mr."Condon.  Messrs. R. C. Clarke,"D. McCallum and W. Ealy spent Sunday fishing at Ashnola and met  with great success.  Mr. R. H. Carmichael accompanied Mr. Shatford to Princeton ou Wednesday evening, returning on Thursday.  Messrs Innis and Loung, accompanied by Mr. and Mrs.  Carle and sons, motored -to  Nighthawk on Sunday.  Mr. Geo. Price, who has been  suffering from dropsy for the  past three months, we are glad  to repoit is doing nicely.  . Three carloads of horses have  been shipped from here to the  prairie via Penticton by Messrs.  Airhes', Raincock and Budd."  Very few from Keremeos attended the Orange celebration  this year, at Princeton. Those  who did attend reported having a good time.  Mr. Lauchmond .of Greenwood, accompanied by his driver  Ward Storer, passed through  town last week 011 his way from  Copper mountain.  The 172ml baseball team  passed through toAvn on Thursday last from Princeton where  they defeated the Princeton  team, the score being 5-9.  L.-Cpl.,' J. Verity, Ptes. " F.  Manery,. F. Salvage, G. Lipping-  well, A. Pedy and C. Smith of  the 172nd battalian now iu camp  at Vernon, are'iri the valley for  a month's leave during haying.  Mr. Lemon of Vancouver has  been at the Hotel Keremeos for  the past "week taking orders for  steam cookers, which is a great  invention to the housewife. Mr.  Lemon is making the trip by  auto.  L. W. Shatford, M. L. A., accompanied by Mr. Turner, was  in town for a feAV hours on  Wednesday of last Aveek going  to Princeton where he took the  train for the coast. He expects  to return in tAvo weeks and will  spend some time in  the  valley.  August Terabasket, better  known as Riley, was badly  kicked by a horse on Thursday,  which resulted in his death on  Saturday afternoon after tAvo  days"of dreadful suffering. The  funeral was held on Sunday afternoon from his father's residence.  Mr. D. J. Innis and son Frank-  returned from Winnipeg on  Thursday of last week. Mr.  Innis reports the heat there  very intense with not a breeze  to cool off the nights for sleeping like Keremeos enjoys every  evening. Let us be thankful  we are among the Keremeosites.  Mr. and Mrs. Murray of Ta-  coma, Wash., (nee Miss 'Helen  Bailey, neice of Mrs. D. McCal-  xum) spent the clay with Mr.-and  Mrs. McCallum on Thursday  last on their -way home from  their honeymoon. The happy  couple were married July 1st  at Tacoma. Her friends here  extend their heartiest congratulations.  Dr. McKeoAvn of Hedley was  in town on Saturday saying  good-bye to old friends. Dr.  has made up his mind that it is  impossible for him to refrain  any longer from joining the  colors ' when so many of his  friends are giving up their lives  for their country. He leaves  shortly for Vancouver where  he will join. His many friends  here wish him every success.  The monthly meeting of the  Similkameen Women's Institute was held at the home of  Mrs. R. C. Clarke on Thursday  afternoon last Avith an atrend-  ance of 25 members. The final  arrangements were completed  for the Flower Sho%v to be held  on August 25th in the Town  Hall, Keremeos. Tea and ice  cream will be served during the  afternoon, and a concert and  dance have been arranged for  the evening. Further particulars are given in the prize list  appearing on the eighth page  of this issue.  Death of Arthur Coles.  In regard to the death of  Arthur Coles, formerly of Hedley, at the front, the folloAving  letters received by Wm. Bryant  will be -of interest to "many  friends and acquaintances of  Private Coles living in this district'---'   ���������  Dear Sir: My brother, Arthur Coles, had many friends in  and around Hedley,^a-nd 1 Avould  like therii to know that the dear  old boy met his death on the  3rd June iu action, in a manner  that makes oue feel proud of  him and the 2nd C. M. R.  Perhaps you Avould ask the  editor of the Hedley paper;tp  kindly publish it, together with  the enclosed letter from Capt.  Askill.  With kind regards to anyone  that may remember me. Yours  truly, E. P. Coles,  Lt. Worcestershire Rgt.  C. E. F., France, June 7-16.  Dear Mrs. Coles : It is with  heartfelt sympathy I  write to  you concerning your son's death.  Private Coles  has been  one of  my  first aid  boys for  several  months and has-'done excellent  work.   You inei'haps knew that  a feAV weeks ago he was recommended for  the military cross,  'which I am sure Avill  be granted. Had he lived he Avould have  again      been'     recommended.  While you grieve his  loss, you  will be proud to know the manner of his  death,  for  his  fatal  Moav caine  Avhile attending to  fallen  comrades   under   heavy  shell tire.    He was a quiet, constant, faithful worker, one avIio  know his duty and never hesitated to perform it, many times  in the face of deadly fire.    Mrs.  Coles you may Avell be proud of  him.   and   I  can tell you I am,  too.     The  wounds  were   fatal  from the start.    He was taken*  to  a  field  ambulance hospital,  Avhere  he   died   the   folloAving  day.    If there is any further information I can   give   or  be of  any   assistance  in   any  way I  shall be only too pleased. Yours  sincerely,  Captain J. E. M. Askill,  M. O. 2nd C. M. R,  JOWN AND DISTRICT  A. Mattice of Keremeos was  a visitor in town this week.  S. Soper and J. D. Russell of  Oroville were in toAvn Monday.  R. IT. Carmichael of Keremeos was a visitor in toAvn last  week.  Mrs. W. A. McLean returned  Friday last, after a mohth's  visit at the coast.  A.. J. Ingraham, Penticton,  government road engineer, Avas  in town Saturday.,  A. R. Belt of Kirkwood, Mo.,  was registered at the Great  Northern this week.  D. Woods has finished the  season's work on his claims on  Nickel Plate mountain.  S. Montgomery,* a California  mining man, is examining properties on Nickel Plate hill this  week.  Mrs. , Wolf of Northport,  Wash., is visiting her sister,  Mrs. John Jackson of the Great  Northern hotel.  Road Superintendent Turner  was in toA\**n Saturdayand Sun  day last, making arrangements  for needed street and sideAvalk  repairs here.  At the recent, high school examinations Miss GertrudeSmith  pass third year, and Miss Monica  Smith second year. These Avere  the only Hedley pupils avIio  wrote on the examinations.  Repeated inquiries personally  and over the 'phone have been  rec-eh-ed at this .office in reference to Peck MacSAA'ain's health.  For the information of his many  friends, he left Saturday last  for Medical Lake Wash., in the  hope of a speedy recovery.  times have changed and the  men are different. The old-  timer has either moved back or  crossed tho divide. Still Ave think  it Avould be music to again hear  a good hearty yell, or see a 5-  foot Cousin Jack have a pleasant half hour fist practice with  a six-fooler from some other  part of the world, just for the  pleasure of hittng and getting  hit. The whole sIioav was in  tho English language too.  W. D. Bayley Here.  W. D. Bayley of Winnipeg  was here Monday evening with  the intention of Speaking on  prohibition, but the two parsons were away, one down in  Washington getting a supply  of hot air, and the other at tho  Nicklc Plato mine, 0000 feet up  taking - in the rarihed variety  of atmosphere, so the speech  wasn't- delivered, owing to lack  ,of advertising and a consequent  shortage of listening material.  However, in a 1'cav minutes  talk to the Gazette Mr. Bayley  was safely delivered of a vast  amount of valuable information.  CLASS   LEGISLATION  In   B. C. Prohibition   Act.  Measure Would  flean  One   Law  for the  Rich and  Another  for the Poor.  As tho details of the Prohibition Act, on which the electors  will give a referendum Arote on ,*"  Sept. J-l are being brought out,  the measure is becoming unpopular with fair-minded men  because of the fact that the Act  covers "class legislation." of the ���������  most pronounced type.  It is one of the  principles   of ���������  true  government  "Y  Some men's  triumphs are as  billions as their failures.  Hedley Methodist Church  FRANK STANTON, B. A.  Ministeir  Services will lie held the First and  Third Sundays of the month  ut 8.00 p. 111.  John F. Coates, a mining man  from Spokane, has been here  for the past four or fi\'e days  examining and. getting samples  from the Oregon group. Mr.  Coates did not make any statement as to the object of the  examination or who he/represented...  Among those in town tnis  week from the Nickle Plate  were: John Hossack, W. T.  Greeves, J. Martin, O. Lindgreu,  A. Rownsley, Frank Wiberg,  A. Nybeig, W. Trezona and  wife, D. Weany and wife,\ J.  Hancock and wife, J. A. Holland, Mr. and Mrs. Lund, O.  Schumann, Gustav Mailing, N.  P. Muir.  There Avas a big dent in the  street at the junction of Scott  Avenue and Haynes street  this week, caused* by waterworks. Repaired, by Geo. A.  Riddle and E. Burr. Reason  for private individuals .having  to attend to government work:  Public safety, and no one here  with authoritr to spend ST-ic. on  necessary road repairs.  Saturday was payday at the  mine and mill. About $15,000  was paid in wages. Tlie re is a  vast difference between the payday now and tAventy years ago  in a mining camp. The present  is the better way, although occasionally one longs for the old  way when the cyclone struck  the village and turned every-  thingjtopsy-turvy. Men traveled  west by nor'-east south and  didn't give a hang wliich point  of the compass they got their  bearings, for they were sure  headed for a saloon. They had  fights, but no gossip; they were  not fastened to any particular  kind of theology, neither had  they locks on their cabins: many  of them gambled, anel did unto  others as they were done by;  they gave liberally to all denominations, but more especially to the English church in  the perbon of Father Pat.   Tho  He is an historical and geographical expert iu one of the  technical schools of Winnipeg-  was a labor candidate at the  last proA-iiicial election, but  he and the electors were not in  perfect accord; is on his vacation seeing B. C, and boing a  labor spell-binder there is no  reason Avhile lie shouldn't spellbind for the JProhibilioni.-*ts  while seeing our beautiful province and enjoying our unexcelled climate.  In reference to prohibition,  he said the B. C. Act was practically a copy of the Act which  went", into force in Manitoba  June 1st. He* wasn't in a posi^  tion to gh*o many details iii regard to the Act owing to the  vciy short time in Avhich it had  been in force, but he could say  positively 'that there Avas little  or no drunkenness in Winnipeg:  that business men reported  more prompt payments of small  accounts, and that the police  court records showed less crimp.  'Following, are the police court  records for May and-June:  May    June  Drunks . : '-.*������������������  Assault. ..........  Indecent assault. .  Disorderly   D. and D."........ .  On the third Monday of dry  rule three police stations of  Winnipeg were, empty, and they  were actually .-scrubbed out.  The first five days of prohibition produced three drunks and  they  were left-overs from May.  and    staple    av  that general   laws  should treat "  all citizens���������whether  workmen. '*J'p  or   employer,   whether  rich   or *  poor���������aiike.    This  principle   is" _ v  violated ina glaring .manner by  the   Prohibition   Act - and,- .for  that reason, the measure is being condemned by the working,  class   in   particular t and* fair-  minded electors in gcnorhl.  While -many clauses of the  Act are of the "class legislation"  type, the most glaring instance  is that which is contained in  Clause 57,, the'section ,which  provides for the uncontrolled,  unrestricted and unlimited importation of liquor from outside  the province.   This clause l-eads  as follows:  ���������*,  "Nothing in this A.ct shall  be construed to interfere:  "(a)  1 Vilh the 'right of any  ���������person, lo import from with--  oat  the  province liquor for*,  bona fide use in, his private-  dice/ling house."  This clause is a direct bloAV *  at the Avorkingnian, the mainstay of the prosperity of the  province, and the man of moderate means, whoso earnings  arc insufficient to allow' him to  saA-e money to any considerable  amount.    * -y  Ltjs legislation which says to  the man AvhoTTfis money at his  disposal "Yon may import all  t'jpjii-q^or~yo.u want, ,<?,i;dei'in.g-twc.-A  it by*Hie .quart; g[illdnr&i������e^7)F~'%~^:*  barrel", to long as you send Outside    the   Province   for it."  20-1  24  11:  3  .6  2  21  12  2S  7  The police force resignations  are not being filled, and one  police court official has been  dispensed with.  Mr. Bayley visited the Nickel  Plate mine Tuesday morning  and Avent to Penticton the same  day. whore he intended speaking iu the evening.  The War.  The 'war is progressing as  favorably as could be hoped  for, military prophets are eA'en  predicting that the end will  come in two eir three mouths.  On the Western front: the  British and French are steadily  forcing the Germans back. On  the Eastern front the   Russians  *.ire  more   lv  ipid  lll'O-  gress. The Italians are better  than holding their oavu with  the Austrians.  The Germans have again bo-  come active in their submarine  warfare.  Lost,     stolen   or   strayed,  United-States-Mexico Avar.  a  To  the workingman or man of  moderate means, who is accustomed to buy his beei or other  beverage by the glass or bottle  it says in 'emphatic terms, "No.  you can't do that any longer.  If you want to got liquor in  ���������small 'quantity and buy it, iu  your home 'town, a-* you hAve  been accustomed to do, you  must go to. a doctor and get a  prescription, paying his i'ce, and  then get the prescription filled  at the '"drug store."  Is J10L this one law for the  rich and another for the poor,  or.man of .moderate means: one  law-, for the Avorkingiuan and  smother for the employer'--' And  AA'liat, in the name of justice, is  that but "class legislation'?''  As far as the principles of  Prohibition are concerned, the  man who \\--.6uhl be hit by tin's  class legislation is a-skiug the  question.as to why Prohibition  ists think there is any loss  danger to be feared from the*  consumption of liquor Avhich is  bought by the quart, case, gallon or barrel outside the province than there is from.its consumption when bought, locally,  by the single glass or bottle.  This question is a hard one for  Prohibitionists to. answer, as  the. Act sent to the electors with  their apprcmil provides for the  purchase of just as much liquor  as was previously the case, so  long as it is secured from a. drug  store or imported , from points  outside the Province.  ��������� An illustration of the manner  in which, even men of means  vieAv the Act is sIioavii by the  Avorels of a prominent Vancouver Financial man,, when he  said: "If I voted for the Prohibition Act. I'd do it with the  knoAvlodge that I could get just  as much liquor as I Avantecl anvil oav for 1 c*an afford to send  uAA*ay for it. But I can't vote  for a measure which is so.unfair  as to give privileges which are  denied tke Avorkingnian just  because he isn't as well fixed as  1 11111." *  There* are- over (KM) women  clergymen su the United States.  There are (iOtS.OOO women 011-  in     Avar   industries   in  gaged  England alone.  PRESBYTERIAN   CHURCH  Servine-a   every   -iltei-miti*  Sunday   ut  S.OOp.inl  liuv. kojuL.������is W "HjLiams, Pastor.  ���������-UrVLsVUTt;  j  v. Vr:1  ^1 "X-j-.:*  -p-8  ������&t  *^*^$M%M..  .-*f.  kfr* THE      CfflZETTE.      UEDLEif. '   B.  ���������;i  INSURANCE  COMPANY  An  Exclusively   Canadian   Company  Assets Over  Four  Million  Dollars  An Excelsior Policy is a Money Saver.  Get One To-day. I  ���������  ��������������������������� ,. .I..-,     i mi ���������i ������������������������ urn fiaiiiiiiiiiiwuiiiiiii mwi ni-m-i--ii**t*iii  Care of Horses  1  "Silver Gloss" has been doing  perfect starching in Canadian  homes; for nearly 60 years:  In one pound packages and six  pound fancy enamelled   tins.  THE   CANADA   STARCH  CO.  LIMITED  MONTREAL, CARDINAL,  BRAIMTFORD, FORT WILLIAM.  Makers oj " Crown Brand" and  "Lily V/hite" Corn Syrups, and  Benson's Com Starch... 235  Wmi8Z$^^m&m2������������83������^Bm^!^^ig^^������g3gmim������m^^^  Some   Good  Advice  That  it  Will   Pay  to Follow ~  Many horses., are killed and many  more arc* injured by careless feeding  and -watering,  . ,  NeA'cr Avatoi1 a'. hor3e immediately  after feeding grain. This Avashcs ,the  grain through'the stomach before it is  properly mixed Avith the stomach  .-juices and is liable to cause colic. It  is safer to' Avater the, horse' before feeding grain. ,-.;.���������  If the horse as very Avarm; let him  drink a few swallows and then hold  his head up for a minute or two and  thus cool his, stomach slowly. Try it  yourself in"'hot weather. You can  drink a quart o������ cold water without  injury if you but, will take several minutes for tlie first few swallows.  . When horses are brought in hot from  their Avork they should first be giA'en  water cautiously and then fed hay and  grain together, allowing them to exercise their oavu judgment in the 'Selection of their feed.  While Availing for fhom at the Avater-  ing trough the time can be profitably  used in removing the harness, at least  the collar, and cooling the shoulders  by av ashing in cold Avater. Removing  the hot harness in a hot barn during  the-hotnoon hour is a great relief to  the horse, and is really worth Avhile.���������  Kansas Farmer.  ]\[i!lcr's Worm Powders are a prompt  relief from' the attacks, of worms, in  children. They arc powerful in their  action and, Avhile leaving nothing to  be desired as a auotoi cxpellant, have  an inA'igorating effect upon the youthful .system, remedying foA-cr, biliousness, loss of appetite, sleeplessness,  and other ailments that follow disorders caused by worms in the stomach and bowels.  Your Liver  Is Cloggy  That's Why  You're  Tired���������Out of  Sorts���������Have no Appetite.: .    r .  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  will put you right  in a few days;  .    The?  do  their du'y.  Curs  Constipation,  Biliousness, Indigestion,. and 'SickHeadache.  Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price.  -   Genuine niust bear Signature  Cheapest Excursion Rates on allRailrcads  Grand Re-Union; Competitive Tournament; Early Western Scenes; Featuring   the  World's  Champion "Bucking-Horse Riders  This   is YOUR   Invitation ���������'.."',   For  Further   Particulars  Write  A. P. Day, Manager.  E. 3. McMillan, Secretary.  "Did   you'get' a   recommendation  from A'our last mistress?"  "Yos'm."     .  "Where it is?" \  "Sure   it    wasn't    A\-orth    keeping,}  ma am.  No, Peace on a German Basis  From time to time, with each successive discouragement or a?ith an,  apparent success, gained at a terrifying .cost, Germany has put put peace  feelers. The most recent of these  appeared in the Berlin reply to the  American demand tliat submarine  murders cease fortlnvith, Church and  State have bevn used to convey hints  that Germany Avould have peace���������on  her-own terms. One after another the  nations opposing Germany have emphatically answered the German plea.  Some day it must of necessity dawn  on the Prussiin military clique that  these nations mean exactly what they  say���������that there AA-ill be no peace on  a German basis and that Avhen peace  CA'cntually docs come Germany Avill  be obligeci to agree to the terms, but  will have not the slightest part ' in  laying them doivn.���������Ncav York Herald  Word From Exploring Party  Prof. M. C. Tanquary Says Expedition  Will Reach Home During Summer  The first member of the'American  Arctic Crocker Land Expedition, Professor Maurice C. Tanquary "of Chicago, has arrived at Copenhagen on  the steamship Agede from Greenland.  He reported good scientific results  had been obtained by the expedition.  The remaining members of the exploring party, which is headed b'y Donald  B. MacMillan, have been forced to  stay at North Star Bay, as tho relief  ship Oluitt was unable to get through  tlie ice. The arrival .of Professor Tan-,  quary at Copenhagen is reported in a  despatch from the Danish capital to  the Central New:* Agency-  Professor Tanquary and two others  of the expedition sledged all the Avay  south overland ivith the object of  reaching ,the -first Danish- steamer  sailing, but :>i,iU' Tanquary succeeded  in getting on fhc a'cssoI. The expedition Avill reach home, is is expected,  during  the .'summer.  j Same Old Story  From Cape Breton  DODD'S " KIDNEY    PILLS    CURED  WHEN   DOCTORS  FAILED  Contain no acid and thus keep tho leather soft, protecting it against  cracking*. They combine liquid and paste in a paste form and require  only half the effort for a brilliant lasting shine.    Easy to use for  all the family���������children and adults.  keep them neat.  LACK-WHITEtTAN  Shine your shoes at home and  .   F. F. DALLEY CO. Or CANADA, LTD.  (S5** Hamilton   ���������   Canaea       '/  ADIES WANTED TO DO PLAIN  and light seAving at home, '.whole  or spare time; good salary; work sent  any distance, - charges paid. Send  stamp for particulars. National Manufacturing Company, Montreal.  VTsiiavoswornstais*  ments Irom patlsn '3  cured of Fits.Eiiilei)-  cy. Falling Sickness  or Oonvulsior.s by a  fret) saroplo ol Dr.  Roof's remedy. Wa  PAT EXPRESS'S*: on  FREE TRIALBOTTLE  If you CUT OUT and  RETURN THIS 10 la                  your teller    Hundreds of testimonials on file. Slve aza and full partlct.larj.  Dr. F. HARVEY ROOF CO.Dept. A14GQ Sis. N. Ncwjforlj  There is no Wool in France  About as tragic as was the situation  in Caiman when there was no corn in  the land, is the news that there is no  avooI to be bought for love or money  in France. .Mine. O'Gorman, the Red  Cross visitor from tho front, now in  Toronto, adA'ocates the sending of un-  kniltcd yarn, the sending of which  Avill enable, many poor women to earn  money., She was also interested with  the experiment of cotton legs for  socks and thought the idea -a good  one.  Ple.ssisvh.le, Que.  "I suffered from Kidney Trouble l"cr  several years, and tried numerous remedies  and doctors' prescriptions without permanent  relief, my case being chronic. After seeiiig-  about Gin Pills, and as it is a well known  fact that Juniper, without alcohol, is excellent  for the Kidneys, I decided to try Gin Pills.  One single pill gave me great relief. I hava  now taken four'boxes or Gin Pills and find  myself completely cured. No more had  humor���������increase in weight���������clear eyes���������fresh  color���������more strength and vigor. This is  Wluit Gin Pills have done for me."  II. POWIS HERBERT.  Vour druggists sells Gin Pills 50c. a box  or six boxes $2.50.    Write for free sample to  19  National Drug & Chemical Co.  ol  Canada, Lima led,  Toronto.  How the Crown Prince of Germany  Looks  The- character of tho Crown Prince  of Germany is well known as a flirt,  chocolate-soldier style of officer, and  as a cynical critic of people not owning the sway of the, German Will,  his reputation" is unique. But it has-  been-'left to Lady Wilson to convey  in a few Avords an idea of his looks.  Lady Wilson avIio avos a felloAV  passenger Avith the Prince on his  return   from   11 is  Indian  trip,  says:���������  -'.'His expression is elusive, fr his  features arc insignificant. A foolish,  sandy, pallid look is accentuated bj'  an uncompron-ising "nut" coiffure.  His hair, Avorr. rather long, is brushed unmercifully back from a receding forehead; his moustache is embryonic. Yet there is fire about him.  and devouring vitality. In his curious slanting eyes, that you can  scarcely arrest for a second, so. restless are they, it is impossible to read  Avhat is passing in his mind."  Lumberjacks Needed  The War Office has called for another Canadian forestry battalion of  1,500 men. The 22-Jth Battalion, under command of Lieut.-Col. Alex McDougall, has been doing some excellent work in England and Scotland  in aiding the naval and shipbuilding  industries that the second battalion  of this nature has been authorized at  the request of the British authorities,  and recruiting will begin immediately  in tiie lumbering districts. Lieut.-  Col. J. R. White, of Montreal, form-1  ei'ly of the 'fiiordan Pulp and Paper  Company, and now with the 224th  Overseas, has been recalled to organize  and command  the  new regiment.  Mr. M. A. Morrison Suffered from  Kidney Disease for Five Years���������  Dodd's  Kidney  Pills Cured   Him.  .Tar-hot, Victoria Co., C. 1-5. (Special.)  ���������Cured of Kidney trouble of five  years' standing and of Avhich three  doctors failed to cure him, Mr. M. A.  Morrison, a well known resident of  this place has no hesitation in stating  .that, he owes his health to D.odd's  Kidney Pills.  *'I Avas so weak I could not Avalk  a quarter of a mile and to-day I am  able to attend to my Ai-ork as Avell as  I was twenty years ago," Mr. Morrison  says. "For fiA'c years I suffered from  Kidney Disease. I was treated by  three skilful doctors but . got ho  benefit.  "'Then a friend advised me to use  Dodd's Kidney pills. I Avent to the  druggist and got five boxes. Before  I had used four boxes I was completely cured.  "I advise'anyone suffering from kidney desease to use Dodd's Kidney  Pills. Anyone who Avants to knoAv more  about my cure lias only to write to  me audi will .tell them all about it.'.'-.  Dodd's Kidney Pills are no experiment.. They Inwo been curing kidney  disease in all parts of Canada for a  quarter of a century. Ask your neighbors about them.  At the Yarmouth Y. M. C. A. Boys-  Camp held nt Tuskct Falls in August,  T found MINARD'S LINIMENT most  beneficial for sun burn, an immediate  relief for colic and toothache.  ALFRED  STOKES, -  General Sec'y.  _:  \  A serious dearth of pictures, particularly of modern British art is  being experienced in London. Most  of the ivorks of art being disposed  of represents the studio : output of  some years hack, and are fetching  extraordinary good prices. ' These  prices have risen ��������� OAving to the competition among American buyers.  Recognized as the leaning specific  for tho destruction of worms, Mother  Graves' Worm Exterminator has  proved a boon to suffering-children  c'verywhere.   It seldom fails.  Union; of the* Empire  Tho very uncertainty of the future  makes it necessary to be prepared beforehand for every possible contingency, and there are certain ��������� things  Avhicli do not. depend on the termination of the Avar,, but must be taken in  hand at once. First and foremost is  the closer union of the Empire? If  there is one result AA'hich we aro all'  determined shall iloAv from the war,  it is this. The Mother Country anel  the Dominions are equally resolved on  it; our allies, would rejoice at it, anc>  the enemy would be correspondingly  disturbed. It Avill go ill Avijh. the government if they fail to ,take occasion  boldly by the hand and realize this  aspiration.���������London Times.  Civilian���������Hullo, old man, home on  leave? How * are things 'going Avith  us out there?  Soldier���������I couldn't tell you; hiiven't  seen a neAvspapcr for months!���������London Opinion.  SOLD BY j*VL*tj GOOD SHOE DEALERS  ���������WORN BY EVTRt* MEMBER OF THE FAMILY  I    WATERPROOF COLLARS AND .CUFFS  ���������SeitneilunK belter ��������� than linen, nnd  launelry bills- Wash It Avttti soap a.;  water. All store's or direct. State 81V  ind size. Fur 95c' we will mail you.. . {  THE ARLINGTON COMPANY OF CANAd)  Limited [  68 Fraser Avenuo, Toronto, Ontario  An Excellent Medicine  For Childhood Ailments  Baby's Own Tablets are an excellent  remedy for childhood ailments. They  regulate the bowels, sweeten the "stomach, banisTi colds and simple fevers  and cure all minor ills of little ones.  Concerning them Mrs. H. N. Eisam,  Owls Head, N. S., Avrites: "I always  use Baby's OAvn. Tablets for my little  ones and find them an excellent medicine for childhood ailments."' The  Tablets are sold by medicine dealers  or by mail at 25 cents a box from the  Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brock-  ville, Ont.  "Asphodclia Twobble ' went doAA'n  into the tenement district yesterdayto  brighten the lives of the poor slum-  dwellers."  "Highly commendable. ' -What did  she do for them?"  "She told them about the good..times  she's been having at Palm "Beach."  Jones (to his grocer:) You seem  angry Mr. Bro'.vn. Brown: I am. The  inspector of we-ights and measures has  just been in. Jones: Ha. ha, he caught  you giA'ing littc'eii ounces to the pound,  did ho? Bro*vn; Avorse than that. He  said I'd been giving seventeen.  A Medical Need Supplied.���������When a  medicine is found* that not only acts  upon the stomach, but is'so composed  that certain ingredients of it pass unaltered through the stomach to. find  action in the bowels then there is  aA-ailable a'pugativc and a cleanser  ot great effectiveness. Parmelee's  Vegetable Pills are of this character  and are the best of ail pills. During  the years that they have been in use  they have established themselves as  no other pill has done.  "They  say George  has the fcA-er."  "Nonsense!'.      Can   an. angleworm  have Avater ou the knee?"  Minard's  Friend.  Liniment     Lumberman's  Just Credit  Do not fear to give credit Avhere  credit is due. If avc cannot do great  deeds we can at, least appreciate them  in others. No jealous and envious  spirit ,can rise to greatness, Avhatever  opportunities are offered, and no broad  and generous spirit can ever live an  ignoble life, hoAvever circumscribed  its surroundings. A Avhole lifetime  of hum-drum duties cannot so nar-  roA\- existence as does the habit of  belittling the deeds and experiences  of others.  ' "Fish hooks have been found in  tinned and frozen meat purchased  from two American firms for use in  the Italian Army. The fish hooks are  believed to have been inserted by German Avorkmen employed by those  firms," says a Rome correspondent.  Stranger���������I noticed your advertisement in the paper this evening for  a man to retail imported canaries.  Proprietor of Bird Store���������Yes; have  A-oir had any "experience in that line?  Stranger���������Oh, no! I merely hacl a  curiosity to know hOAV the canaries  lost their tails..  Wifie���������TomorroA" will be my. twenty-!  sixth birthday. ', ,  Hubby���������Why, a year ago, just before  our Avedding, you told riic you were  twenty-tAvo. ^  Wifie���������Yes, but a\*o Avomen age rapidly after marrTOge. -  Man of the House���������Why did you tell  my Avife Avhat time I .came in this  morning after I expressly told you not  to? ���������' ,'.-������������������. '���������(-.  The Cook���������Sure'Or didn't tell her.  She asked me Avhat tbime ye got in  an' Or told her Oi Avas so busy gettin'  the breakfast that Oi didn't look at  the clock. '" '���������"'���������.  Ideal  Silyer  It will clean mo'Ji  silverware  in  lcjj  tiuie, with less c't  peiise,\.than   at  other preparntia  made.    "Ideal" >A  not an clectro-plsjfl  ins. preparation)!  removes' nothing  but the dirt, lea-W  injr the sitvern-aij  like new.    Put 11K  in eight and eitrllL  teen-ounce bottle-fl  packed three doze5  in case.  At All Jeweller!!  ���������Wood's Stepke&ini|  The Great English EcincdyA  Tones nnd invigorates tho wholtji  nervous system, makes new BloCK'/f  in old Veins, C-ures 'KcrvouA  Debility, Mental and. Brain Worry, Desponf  dency. Loss of ICnergil, Palpitation of ihi\  Heart, Failinq Memorjl. Price SI per box, sirrl  for $5. Ono will please, six will euro. Sold by all  druggiils itc mailed in plain pk*;. on receipt oij  Rrice. AVio-pcn'ip/*lrtmailed free. THE WOOCff  lEDtCINE CO., TOnOHTO, ONT. (.F������Dcrlj Windsor.^  ���������THE NEW FRENCHREIVIEDY: N-,1.:N������2. M.8l  Uscdif* l-'rencb!  _.   Hospitals withjL  Rr;atsticci*5J. cures chronic weakness, lost vioonij  &  VIM   KIDNEY.   BLADDER. DISEASES.   BLOOD..COISON.hi  piles .'kit'iie* no: druggists or mail si. post a ctsT  FOUGERA Co. 'JO.JIEJ'.KMAN ST. NEW VORKOrLVMAN UnnSjl  TORONTO     WRITE FOR FREE BOOK TO Dit. LE CLEROJ  Med Co haverstockRd.iiampstead, London. ENO*r  TRV NEW DRAGEE (TASTELESS) FOK.MQF   EASY TO TAXCH  SAFE AND      .    f\  LASTING CUREfl  SEE THAT TRADE   MARKED  WORD-1THERAPION! IS ON'*  BRIT. GOVT STAMP AFFIXED TO ALL GENUINE PACKBT9.J  Likely He Knewl       *  .O'Brien,  (seeing  a load   of.  brickf-l  lying   on   the   street)���������"Hulloa,   Mur-^  phy! Had a spill?"  ��������� Murphy���������"My  oath! Won't  th"  old  man kick up a dust!"  O'Brien���������"Ah,   be  jabers,   he   needjj  niver knoAv!"  Murphy���������"Oh; Avon't 'e! 'E's under."  the bricks I" '���������������������������' .���������'".���������'  He���������I tore up'that poem I wrote lasti  Aveek. . j  She���������Tore it.up? Why, that was tho]  best thing you'ever did.  Women have voted in Now Zealand  for twenty year,--. The lowest death  rat.* for liiil.-ie-* .n the world is in New  Zealand. Women also Vote in Nor-  Avay, Australia, Sweden, Denmark and  Finland. The next lowest death rates  for babies in'tlie world are in these  countries.  She���������What is the sensation of going  up in an aeroplane?  He���������\Yhy���������er���������precisely the opposite  of coming down in one, you know.  W.       N.  U.  1110  "There is a re-il idea back of everything fie write.*;."  from one to two  "|     "yes, all   the* way fr  j lliou.'-nrid years back."  The Mistress���������My last maid was too  familiar with the policeman. I hope  1  can  trust you?  Tlie Maid���������Oh. yes, madam; I can't  bear 'em. I've been brought up to  'site the very sight of 'em. Pa's a  burglar.  "J-tobson. do you know Avhy you are  like a. donkey?"  "Like  a  donkey?"  echoed   Robson  opening his eyes wide. "I don't."  "Because your better half is stubbornness  itself."  The jest pleased Robson immensely,  for he at once saw the opportunity of  a glorious dig at his Avife. . So when  he got home he said:  ���������  "Mrs. Robson do you knOAV Avhy I  am like a donkey?"  He Avaited a moment, expecting his  Avife to give it up. But she. didn't.  She looked at him somewhat pityingly  as she answered: "I suppose it's because you Avere born ao"  !(������  .3-v'V-.-  - -a';  *V       )  ,  hkv  /-&  arise  ���������t*  r-vji  When you feel gloomy and depressed and cannot sleep, suspect your  nerves. When you shrink from company and would rather be alone you  are losing confidence in yourself, and that can only mean weak nerves.  It is not natural to be solitary and unsociable, it shows clearly that vitality has become reducjed,  and. the nervous system correspondingly weakened. But take Dr. Cassell's Tablets for such a  condition and you Avili be astonished at the results, astonished at the bright new health you'will  gain, at the splendid vigour and vitality they will give you.  Mr. Poole, a business man of 60, Infirmary Road, Sheffield, England, says :���������" I had lost all  confidence in myself, and was actually afraid to meet people. The alertness and activity I had  formerly possessed Avere gone. My digestion Avas feeble, and sleeplessncjss was terrible. But when I  commenced taking Dr. Cassell's Tablets I soon felt better.   Now I-'am as well and fit as any man of my age."  Dr. Cassell's Tablets are Nutritive, Restorative, Alterative, and Anti-Spasmodic, and of great Therapeutic  value in all derangements of the Nerve and Functional Systems in old or young. They are the recognised  modern home remedy for' Nervous Bresakdown, Nerve arid Spinal Paralysis, Infantile Paralysis, Rickets,  St. Vitus' Dance, Anaemia, Sleeplessness, Kidney Disease, Dyspepsia, Stomach Catarrh, Brain Fag, Headache,  Palpitation, Wasting Diseases, Vital Exhaustion, Loss of Flesh, and Premature Decay. Specially valuable  for Nursing Mothers and during the Critical Periods of Life.  Druggists and Dealers throughout Canada sell Dr. Cassell's Tablets. If not procurable in your city  send to the sole agents, Harold F. Ritchie & Co , Ltd., 10, McCaul Street, Toronto; one tube 50 cents,  six tubes for the price of five        War Tax������F,xtra, 2 cents per tube.  So'.e Proprietors:���������Dr Cassell's Co., Ltd., Manchester, Eny.  Gq A FREE SAMPLE  Send ynsr name and address and S cents /or  postage, etc., to Harold V. Ritchie & Co;, ijd.,  10, McCaul Street, Toronto, and a generous  sample will be mailed you free 0/ charge. THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  !/  How a German  Boy is Reared  From the Time  of  His  Birth   He  Belongs  First to the  Nation  The German boy belongs first to  Germany, and then to his parents. As  soon as he is old enough to be taught  he is educated in such a Avay as to  make him a valuable asset to the nation, and, as a consequence, a success  to himself. Pride of race brings pride  of self, and Germany, being thorough  in eA'erything that it does, begins  -teaching the child the language of the  country by using such literature as  Avill early imbue him Avith the' greatness of his race.    --  Early in life the boy Is taught that  he, is a member of a'huge, a national,  co-operative institution. Individualism is e'ncouraged to its fullest extent,  but the strength of individualism will  make co-operation so much stronger.  He is nearly always taught French  and English, in addition to his own  language, so that when the time comes  to measure his strength commercially  against his competitors he shall be as  fully equipped as it is possible to  make him.  He is taught the full value of cleanliness'and sanitation in school and at  lfomco He is taught the value of discipline. He is made to realize that  before lie can hope to command he  must learn to obey. He is taught Avhy  laziness, courts failure, and how to  avoid it"  . When he is 15 years old and the  time has arrived for him to adopt a  trade or profession, here again the  state stops in arid helps,him in every  possible way. The fueure of the child  is not left to the decision of parents.  Avho, in most cases, are not competent  to judge what the boy is best fitted  for.  He must become an apprentice to  the trade to which his gifts are best  iidapted and by the art of suggestion  he* is made to look forward Avith  pipysurei to the Avork he is about to  undertake In addition to his general  training his'employer is compelled, although compulsion is scarcely necessary, to give him sufficient time to  attend c technical institution, not at  night, but.during >>is Avorking day  He n's thus made proficient in all  ibrane'hes of his trade. - He attends  these technical institutions for at least  three years. He is then encouraged to  i������>o on and Avhen he is strong enough  mentally and physically to attend  ������Arening classes he is expected to do so.  Recreation is not forgotten, but that  recreation is of a' nature helpful to-  Avards making him cither a proficient  artisan or a professor.  In Germany-a man is ahvays en-  couraged to aim at reaching the top  of his OAvn social scale rather than  to gain a place* at the'bottom of the  one" above.. Better be'a better, carpenter than your father rather than  n thirty-bob-a-week' clerk. The A'alue  of this is too self evident to need further comment.���������Harry W. Wayne in  T. P's Weekly. .'""���������   '  '  Monopolies in Straw  Chinese Seem to Have the Straw Hat  Business Cornered   .  At one time the plaiting of straAv  for "making hats Avas among the domestic industries of rural Ontario, almost  as familiar, in season, as carding  avooI, spinning, or knitting. No one  has invented a straw .plaiting machine,  but the pressure that makes the Chinaman presort, to Avork artording returns  ���������on which Western races Avould refuse  to live has given the Celestial Empire  a monopoly. . Wheat straAv is used  almost exclusively. It is cut into  lengths betAveen the joints and split  into from two to seven pieces, according to;.the fineness of the braids to be  plaited. The finest are less than an  eighth of an inch wide.. Shantung  is the business center of the industr  ry, but Britain's freedom from customs officers has given her the same  "monopoly of the bleaching that she  holds Avith regard to the dyeing of sealskins. The bleaching industry . is  "loeated in Luton, a toAyn about.forty  miles from London.  ' When plaiting was carried on in  Canada and the��������� United States rye  straw cut before ripening was used,  und^the product Avas strong and elur-  nble. 'Perhaps the passing, of the demand for durable hats has been amonp  the influences tending to transfer the  industry t<5.China, arid* to permit the  use of Avheat straAv, ripened, and consequently Aveak and brittle. No man,  and certainly no Avoman, wants a  durable straAv hat. As a rule there  it- an aversion toward appearing in a  hat a season out of fashion. The Chinese product meets the demand. While  plaiting would yield only a feAV cents  a day at Chinese prices, the Avork helps  to eke out the meagre returns from  other fields of industry. The straAv  hat season is at hand, and it should  remind inventors that the chance to  reA'otutionize the manufacture is still  open.���������Toronto  Globe.  A Peruvian River Horrcr  Canada's Need for Thrift  Wastefulness  and  Extravagance Tend  to  Increase High Cost of Living  These may be abnormal times and  thus suggest "extra cause lor thrift. -A  return to Avhat in comparison may be  termed a normal period. hOAvever,  seems to prove that there was then  nearly as much" reason for the same  policy. In the report of the-Commission on the Cost of Living in Canada  it is shoAvn that the prices of food  in this country rose from 100 in 1900  to 145 in 1913, and of food and coal  combined from 100 to 139.6.' In the  United Kingdom the rise in the same  period was from 100 to 113.8 for food  and from 100 to 109.2 for coal. This  being on the Avhole a colder climate  and coal not being' so accessible, it  Avould hardly be expected that the  combined increase Avould be proportionately Jess than for the single  necessity, food, yet it seems to be the  case. The one deduction appears possible, that greater thrift, comparatively speaking is exercised in the use  of fuel than in the consumption of  food.  Why should the increase of the cost  of food in Canada have been greater  in the fourteen years than in Britain?  That is the question Avorthy of answer  and of thought. We are not.only self-  contained in most, articles of food but  in the-more common run have a surplus for export. Britain, on the other  hand, is an importer of at least fourteen of .the sixteen- articles reckoned  Avith in the cempution, namely, beef,  mutton, pork, bacon, eggs, butter,  cheese, oatmeaf, flour, rice, sugar,  coffee, potatoes and tea, the exceptions  being bread and milk. In our case  the only exceptions to home production of articles of consumption, that  at least there is real cause for being,  are rice, sugar,, coffee and tea. Again  is asked���������Why, then, the increased  difference in our disfavor of the relative cost of living?  There can be but one answer to the  query he?re propounded���������that Ave are  less thrifty, more self-indulgent, more  extravagant -and more Avasteful than  our close relations of the British Isles.  In addition tho investigation of the  Cost of Living Commission Avould  seem-to indicate that Canada is rapidly becoming the most expensive to  live in "of all the affili.ated countries  of the empire. In such circumstances  it's apparent that it-is up to our people  to go in for introspection and to consider in what Avay tho situation .can  be remedied and improA'ed. 'We have  not the large poverty-stricken class  to lessen the percentage that Great  Britain unhappily possesses, but home  production and' home industry should  outweigh that possible reason for  some of the difference. There are and  must be other causes for tho differ-  once, and those here are set forth  appear to be the main ones. , If every  Canadian Avould consider that every  dollar, every-cent, saved and judiciously invested, and that every ounce of  food production meant so much added  to the. country's capital and Avealth.  it is not difficult to believe that there  would soon be a decrease in the proportional increase of the cost of the  necessities of life along with a speedy  diminution in household expenses.  Soldiers'Pensions  No  White   Man,   Exploring  its  Riches  Ever   Has   Returned  There is a river of mystery and horror in Peru, and the legends of rich  Tubber regions and untold Avealth in  gold are accompaniea oy tales of those  avIio went up it never to return. Casi-  mer Watkins, a naturalist, recently re-  turned from South America, tells of  the stream.  "This river," he said, "is the Colorado River, the richest river in Peru.  Great groves of rubber trees lie along  its course, and gold has been found in  it: But the Mascos, a tribe of cannibals, infest it. They still practice cannibalism, and Avill kill a man on sight.  Expeditions have been fitted out and  been heavily armed to go exploring for  rubber and gold, but none of them ever  has returned. The savages have killed  the men and eaten them and turned  the canoes adrift. They have come  ���������doAvn the river empty, bottoms up, or  filled Avith supplies which the savages  did not care to remove."  Canada's existing over-sea force ex-  \<jeeds   by   60,000   the   strength   of   the  -.British Army at the outbreak of the  war.  Injured   Should   be     Provided   For  so  That They Can Live in Comfort  There is absolute unanimity in English-speaking Canada that the government cannot err on the side of generosity in the matter or soldiers' pensions. Indeed, the question of generosity can hardly _enter into the matter  at all. When a man risks his life to  save a fellow-being from droAvning and  is presented Avith a neAV suit of clothes  as a reward, it does not strike anyone  that .generosity has been displayed.  For the Canadian government to pay  disabled soldiers a sufficient siim of  money to enable them t0:support themselves after the Avar as well as they  Avere able to support themselves before  receiving their injuries is the barest  justice. The idea .ought not to.be .to  discover the minimum sum upon  which a crippled soldier can keep  body and soul together, and to make  this sum the basis of the pensions.  Nor ought'it to be to determine the  amount that Canada can afford to  give. There is no question of affording at all. Canada must give, Canada  desires to give, the soldiers who have  become permanently disabled in fighting her; battles enough to maintain  them in decency and comfort after the  war.  The principle that officers should  receive a higher rate of pension when  partly or Avholly disabled is one of  ancient usages, but ought not to be  pushed too far in this war. In fact,  the officers, being recruited largely,  from professional and commercial  classes, are placed at less disadvantage by such an injury eis 'the loss of  an eye or a hand than private soldiers  AA*ho come from industrial classes and  Avlrose livelihood is earned by manual  labor. A lawyer or a doctor av)io has  had a leg amputated, an architect Avho  has lost a hand or a Avriter who has  lost an arm can continue at his profession Avithout serious handicap. It  cannot be said that the scale of pensions proposed for officers in unduly  handsome; no proposal to reduce it  Avould be considered. The great necessity, however, is that the injured of  the rank and file should be so pro-  videei for by a grateful country that  they will live as comfortable after  the war if they cannot work as they  lived as Avorkers before they sustained  their Avounds.���������Toronto Mail and  Empire.  War Finances  By the end of the second year the  Avar will have cost all around approximately $45,000,000,000. All but a small  proportion of that enormous amount  has been raised by Avar loans. Capital cannot continue to be borrowed at  that rate for war purposes. If the contest continues there will be less bor-  roAving and more taxing, more for the  living and less for the unborn to pay,  and that will mean putting Avar itself  on diminished rations.���������NeAv York  Times.  "I think I'll start a magazine to be  called Umbrage."  "Why that someAvhat unusual  name?"  "People are so apt to take it."  Prairie Summerfallow  By  Prof.  G   H.   Cutler,  University of  Saskatchewan  If Mr. Angus MacKay the father of  Saskatchewan Agriculture were asked Avhat he considered the one most  potent factor in the development of  Saskatchewan's grain producing potentialities he would probably say,  'The Summerfallow." For upAvards of  tAventy-fi\'e years the fallow has been  Avidely used in this province. Some  fanners fallow alternate years, others  one in three years, others one in four  and a feAv employ the fallow only  Avhen no other course is open.  In all dry farming operations Avhere  grain groAying is the leading line of  farming the bare falloAv has come to  be regarded as indispensable. It lends  itserf very^ favorably to the handling  of large areas. In this respect it is,  and will probably continue to be more  popular than the covered falloAv; the  adoption of which is not wide in Avest-  ern Canada. Experiments at the University at Saskatoon seem to point  repeatedly to the fact that almost as  good yields can be obtained after corn  which has, been carefully tilled as  from the bare falloAv. While the bare  falloAv is more costly in that no crop  is harvested, and while it doubtless  dissipates much plant food elements,  it has proven a very valuable instrument in the hands of intelligent grain  growers in supressing Aveed groAvth  and  conserving  moisture.  1. To conserve moisture.  2. To control Aveeds.  The rainfall ' in Saskatchewan  ranges form "12 to 38 inches on the  average. This is inadequate Avhen  one considers that plants require a  large amount of moisture for normal  development. Approximately 550 tons  of moisture are required to develop  one ton of dry matter. Again, for  each two bushel yield of Avheat per  acre, on inch of rain is required. Thus  the conservation of all the moisture  which falls becomes a determining  factor toAvards success.  Weeds hamper the groAvth of plants  by cro\A'ding upon tnem and by robbing them of valuable moisture. Many  of our western Aveeds are, so large and  vigorous that grain plants cannot  compete Avith them, these same weeds  require, in many instances, more  moisture per unit of dry matter developed than the majority of grain  plants.  1. Plough before the rain comes.  2. Plough before the weeds become  developed.  In this connection, Mr. Angus McKay says that the fallow should be  ploughed in June and certainly not  later than the middle ofu July. But  if left until the end of July or in  August one might, as Avell be in bed.  Ploughing at this time���������after the  rainy season in June* is like putting  out the rain Avater barrel after the  shower is over. *. Where moisture is  ���������the limiting factor early ploughing is'  essentia] but Avhere frost is the  limiting factor earliness does not become so  insistent.  Deep ploughing, especially" on the  lighter soils and the older fields, in?  sures the greater conservation of  moisture. Deep ploughing acts as a  reservoir in Avhich the moisture may  be retained and not alloAved to run  off until such times-as it can soak  doAvn. This deep layer of soil also  acts as a heavy' mulch in checking  evaporation. On the heavier soils  and neAV lands, especially Avhere the  rainfall approaches the 18 and 20 inch  limit shallower ploughing may be advisable.  ' Once ploughing in June in dry areas,  has proven the most satisfactory. A  second late ploughing on land containing Aveed seeds, turns the seeds  up where, Avhen spring comes, they  germinate and give trouble in the  groAA'ing crop. In the drier parts the  second ploughing is occasioned by a  loss of moisture Avhich is reflected in  the following crop,,  "Keep the land black" is a good  motto. Firmness of soil and freedom  from Aveeds are essentials to be desired in handling the fallow. The disc  harroAv is criticized' by many farmers  because it pulverizes the soil so fine  that it readily blows. It is often pointed out that the exclusive use of the  drag harroAvs causes drifting in Avhich  case the frequent use of the duck-foot  cultivator is resorted to. .  In general it should be added .that  the fallow is absolutely essential in  the southwest, it is less essential but  advisable in south-eastern and central SaskatcheAvan. It is to be desired  occasionally in the north-west but.  need be less frequent Le the east and  north-east.  If the crop on falloAv groAvs too rank  and lodges or too late and suffers  from frost then consider whether you  have to fallow so often or plough so  deep or so early in June or Avhether  the pastured falloAv is not better for  you.  If weeds gi'OAV more luxuriantly on  an early falloAv and the cost of keeping -them down is thereby increased  ���������it is but nature's evidence that such  a fallow is achieving its only legitimate function���������the storage and conservation of soil moisture. The cost  of the added cultivation is of course  an added charge against the fallow.  In soils Avhere the moisture supply  limits the yield of crops it has yet to  be demonstrated that early falloAving  even at a greater cost does not pay.  Irrigation. Convention  The Convention of the Western  Canada Irrigation Association to be  held in Kamloops July 25, 26 arid 27,  is being looked forward to with great  interest. A strong representative local board of control consisting of members of agricultural associations and  farmers institutes, has charge of the  arrangements and is acting in unison  Avith the executive drawn from all  parts of Saskatchewan, Alberta and  British Columbia. As there are several systems at Avork in the immediate  neighborhood of Kamloops, Avater  brought on the land by gravitation,  pumping by means of the city's hydroelectric plant forty miles distant, gasoline engines, and current Avheels,  students of irrigation will find enough  practical Avork to satisfy their craving  for knowledge in this direction.  A Terror of the Air  Navarre  Has  Record  of <?0 Air  Duels  and  14  v/ictories to His Credit  In the Paris Journal Georges Prade  deals with the wonderful accomplishments of Sub-Lt. Navarre, one of the  youngest and most famous terrors of  the  air.  As a boy Navarre earned the reputation of an enfant terrible. In September, 1914, he went to St. Cyr, the  West Point of I ranee. But he soon  tired of^classes and applied for admission to the flying corps. He obtained  his license two months later. He has  always had his OAvn ideas as to how  to bring down the Germans. His theory is to go straight for them, chase  them, dominate them, circle round  them, -Avorry. them and give them no  rest, and to dive the loop and never  alloAv them a chance to get the range.  Nothing in his opinion can replace  scientific flying. -~ ,  Navarre's record at present stands  at 40 air duels and I*������ victories. The  first time he met an enemy airman, in  March last year, he Avas piloting a  tAvo-seater 'parasol" machine. He  swooped doAvn on him like a hawk,  so disconcerting his comrade- that he  forgot to use his carbine. The German was so confounded that he lost  his head, and beat a retreat.  In the following month Navarre  brought doAvn an Aviatik. Later he  Avas surrounded by five enemy craft  and by marvellous aerial acrobatics  destroyed tAvo Fokkers, himself escaping unhurt.  ��������� His fourth fight got him into trouble Avith his superiors. He had brought  doAvn a German machine in' the French  lines, but the occupants Avere. uninjured, and Avhen they landed Navarre  took his tAvo prisoners into a wineshop and bought them a drink.  The Germans related the story. The  general ordered Navarre before him,  gave him a sharp lecture and threat-  ���������ened to confine him to his quarters  for a month.  Navarre's, mascot is typically  French. It is a lady's silk stocking  Avhich he Aveurs as a muffler. When  Prade asked him Avhat, in his opinion,  Avas the most difficult German machine to beat, ho replied:  "The smaller the machine the better; one that can do 125 miles an hour  and rise to 13,000 feet.  He has frequently fought duels at  that height! His supreme ambition is  to form an "iron squadron" composed  of crack flyei'3 like himself, Avorking  together like a football team. "With  such a team," he says, "the Germans  would never get through."  Increase in Temperance  Great   Britain's  Efforts to   Cope   With  Liquor    Traffic     Meets  With Success  It is gratifying to learn that Great  Britain's efforts to cope Avith the  evils of the liquor traffic are meeting  Avith some success. According to a  report recently made by the chairman  of the Central Control Board. Lord  D'Abernon, a large reduction in the  average Aveekly convictions for drunkenness is reported in England, Scotland and Wales. The; tAvo policies  pursued by the board were the establishing of "industrial canteens" Avhere  substantial, Avell-cooked meals Avere  sold at moderate prices; and the strict  enforcement of regulations requiring  the "public houses" to supply food  as Avell as liquor. ��������� The report, shoAvs  a Aveekly reduction of comdetions in  England and Wales from 2,034 in 1914  to an average of 940 last March. In  Scotland the average has been reduced from 1,424 in. 1914 to 794 last  March. The figures for London where  tlie "no treating" ordinance went into effect on October 11, 1915, shoAv an  average conviction for 1914 of 1,301.  This Avas reduced to 1,008 for the four  Aveeks prior to October 11, 1915, and  in the succeeding month dropped to l  718. Equally satisfactory results Avere  obtained in Liverpool, Birmingham,  Manchester _and other large industrial  centres. None of the lessons Avhich  has been taught will be more beneficial in time of peace than those connected with the treatment and .control of the drink question.���������Saskatoon  Star.  Beer Worse Than Whiskey-  Beer is Not the Harmless Drink it is  Supposed to  be.  Over tAventy-five years ago Sir John  A. McDonald appointed a Royal Commission to enquire into the liquor  problem. The Chairman of the commission. Judge Clark, stated that, nearly all doctors said that beer Avas Avorse  than Avhiskey, but at that time we  could not tell the reason -why.  Some years after that the great investigator, Von Noorden, discovered in  beer an acid to Avhich he did not give  a name, Avhich Avrougbt havoc on the  kidneys, heart and liver. So the matter stood until Prof. Reinitzer of  GfFatz, discovered that the Lupulin  Glands of the hops secreted not only  this acid Avhich he calls Hop acid,  but also a peculiar resin, bearing a  close resemblance to the resin secreted  by the Indian Hemp, from Avhich  comes the dreadful poison Hashish.  The Bremin Anti-Aleohol Congress  concluded that Avhile Avhiskey and  brandy make a man crazy, beer tends  to make him stupid. Dr. Forel, of  the University of Zurich, says ."The  drinking of beer has killed the ideals  and ethics and has producea an incredible vulgarity." The reason for  the brutal sottishness is that each pint  of beer contains besides a small glass  of pure alcohol, a percentage of Lupulin, the active principle of hops,  Avhich acts A'ery much like the poisonous principle- of Indian hemp. At one  time Indian hemp Avas used as a medicine, but it had to be giyen up on account of its varying and poisonous  characteristics.  . Prof. Forel, of the University of  Zurich, the first great Institution in  Europe to give up alcohol as a medicine, reported that the beer drunkards  outnumbered the spirits . drunkards  by 9 to 1. Dr. Delbruck says that beer  and Avine countries such as France,  Germany, Belgium and Bavaria, are  more alcohol soaked that the whiskey  and brandy countries, and concludes  that the beer danger is much greater  than the spirit danger.  A pamphlet entitled "Alcohol and  the PoAver of Resistance," circulated  Avidely among the German soldiers  says, "There is no justification for  calling beer, liquid bread, a glass of  heavy beer, costing 25 pfennings contains less nourishment.'than a piece  of cheese costing 1 pfenning. Almost  all excesses and disturbances in the  army, are traced to drink, and it is  mostly Leer that causes the mischief.  Beer is not the harmless drink it is  supposed to be.���������H. Arnott, M. B���������  M. C.  P. S.  Prisoners' Cruel Treatment  A Super Zeppelin  New  That  An order for thirty locomotives lias  been aAvarded the Canadian Locomotive Company for the Canadian government systems, the amount involved  being in excess of $1,000,000.  Monster  of Air    Appears  Weighs Forty Tons  Reports have1 reached Zurich from  r.om an shorn, a Swiss town on Lake  Constance, that a new super-Zeppelin,  750 feet long, has been seen AA'hen making trial flights over the lake. The  total capacity of the -airship is 54,000  cubi: metres, or about double that of  Zeppelins of the earlier type.  The neAV craft is fitted Avith seA-en  motors, four armored gondolas, machine guns, small cannon and apparatus for dropping bombs and dinmarg-  ing aerial torpedoes. It Aveighs forty  tonp, is able to rise 15,000 feet, and has  a long range of action.  Then   Silence   Reigned.  After attending a minstrel show one  night, Topping thought he'd try  some of the jokes on hi3 AA-ife at  breakfast next morning.  "My dear," he began? Avith a grin,  "can you spell money Avith four letters?"  "I cannot," replied the Avoman,  coldly.  "Air, that's good!!" laughed hubby. "A Avoman never can sec a catch  as quickly as a man. Well, tho Avay  to spell it is c-a-s-h. Doesn't that  spell money?"  Mrs. T. failed to smile, so Topping  started  another.  "Wait a minute," said his Avife.  "I've got one. Spell Topping with  five letters."  Of course Topping- couldn't.  "Ah," laughed .the Avoman, "that's  good! A man never can see a catch  so quickly as a Avoman can. Well,  suppose you try i-d-i-o-t? Isn't that  Topping?"  Fish   Have "Periscopes." j  In some of the small streams in the  interior of Honduras there is a peculiar small fish Avlrose eyes protrude  above the surface of the Avater, seizing probably as insect-hunting peri-  ������scopes.  Winnipeg   Soldier,   Just    Back    From  '   Germany, Describes Frightful Conditions  A graphic tale of the. cruelties inflicted on British and Canadian prisoners of Avar is told by -Pte. Robert  D. Lang of Winnipeg, who for- ten  months Avas a prisoner in a German  internment camp. Captured at Ypres  after lying on the field of battle Avith  half his foot shot away, he Avas starved for three days, and for three days  more lay starving in'a dirty cattle car  on his AA-ay to Germany. Even on arrival in the camp proper attention  Avas not given him, and; he Avas roughly, almost brutally doctored. When  he had sufficiently recovered .he .was  put to Avork in quarries and salt mines,  Avith nothing but two cups of baked  acorns mixed Avith the Avater, called  coffee, a slice of black bread and some  Avatery soup for his rations. '    '  "We Avere nearly starved.to death,"  he said. "As long as we Avere there'Ave  received nothing.but the black 'ori'ad  and the Avatery mixture called soup  Many: insults, which we were powerless to avenge, Avere throAvri at us,  and the guards kicked us Avhen they  took a notion, just for fun. Out of  forty parcels which I knoAv to have  been sent to me I received . only  tAvelve."   Ten months ...of such treatment,  coupled Avith the after-effects of a  badly healed.wound, was sufficient to  rentier him unfit for further active  service, and in February of this year  he Avas exchanged along with seven  other Canadians. At the camp were  seventy other prisoners,, mostly me-n-  bers of the loth * Battalion : (Toronto  Highlanders). It Avas at Gottingen  that he was interned.  Pte. Lang is a Winnipeg man, and  was a member of the 8th Batta'.ion.  Potassium Production  Anxious Vigil on  The British Coast  By  ������r Coast   Watcher   in   the   London  Times  It is night, moonless and full ol  terrors to the timid���������night, with its  dangers and possibilities of, surprise,  its demands on intelligence' and tenacity to duty, its likelihood of shocks  and surprises. Adjacent objects assume fantastic and sometimes sus- '  picious shapes, almost any one of  which" may be a spy at work. In the  offing ships pass to and fro, peaceful  'tramps' Avith their regulation lights  burning, black patrol A'essels and torpedo boats with lights out.  And from Land's End to John O'  Goat's, on headland, Marteljo and  church toAvers on miles of dreary  saltings,' ness and voe. silent watchers are peering up at the dark Avelkin  looking for those fat maggots of the  sky on Avhich Count Zeppelin haa '  elected to send his,, name 'doAvn.thel  corridors of time.' Nothing could be  more lonely except the night, time  Avatching, from bridge or vessel's head,  for enemy craft; the immediate intimation of Avhich may be the roar of ���������  a gun or a torpedo that sends the  watchers vessel gurgling to ' the bottom Avith no more time than to utter  a scrap of-.prayer and take a dive.  Inland, from ten to more miles, as  far as inland goes, except where munitions  are   being  made  and   in   town3  and villages Avhere the Zeppelins have  dropped  their    bombs,    there  is but  .scant sense that we are, in the midst ,  of  a  world   war  in  comparison  with -  the same feeling'on the coasts,-especially south  and east.  Here  Ave know  it as much as the terrible truth can  be knoAvn short of tne actual, horrors *-*  of  battle.    And  Avhen the  curtain  of.  night has  come  down  and  all  lights  arc-   darkened,     that   intelligence   be- "  comes intensified to a high pitch. -Then "  it i.-. that the trusted watchman goes  to   his  lonely  post���������but   not   onlyrto-  keep a lookout for Zeppelins.    There ;  are the  inshore  Avaters  to   watch,  as  the^ peacetime   coastguards    Avatched;  but' with Avhat a difference���������with what  an increase of. anxiety,  Avhat a keenness  to  let  nothing  pass   undetected.  Ano if his station be at the breech of  a naircraft gun, Avhat of the possibility of getting a shot into the Zeppelin  th<*c comes droning through the darkness overhead ? -   .  - -  But the most unenvied of all watch-  prs- if an adventurous spirit can avoid  envying anyone in the almost endless  cordon���������is he who keeps his lonesome  vigil on the earthAvall of the salt sea  marshes. There he trudges from post  to post, night glasses in hand, Avhen it  is blow high, bloAV Ioav, rain, or a  clear sky, or, Avorst of all, a fog that  keeps him on tenter-hooks all the  time, and' out of Avhich the enemy in  some form or other may emerge at any -  moment Avith suddenness and calamity. The ground swell of high tide  surges on the stones at the foot of the  wall, recedes and comes again; bringing out of the Avet mist and darkness,  where sea and sky appear to be one,  a mass of something to which the  night and over-eagerness lend a most  suspicious shape,* and the Avatcher  cranes his head forward, Avith glasses  levelled at the object.  What can it be? What would maka  for such a landing at such an hour,  in such a set of circumstances? What  but the enemy? Can it be a landing  raft? the Avatcher asks himself in the  tense strain, and searches the narrow  Avaters Jjcyond and to the right and  left for more. There are none, still  he is undecided. Shall he sound his  alarm, or run to the telephone? Again  he examines the thing that approaches  AA-ith a sloAvness that is painful to him,  sIoav because it has no motive power  except that of the tide. And still" he  Avaits, fearful of making a blunder���������  Avaits, and is still uncertain Avhat to  do. Then comes a glimmering of the  facts, a feAV minutes more, and the  whole truth is known to him. A little  longer, and crash against the stone3  comes a confused jumble of wreckage.   *  Some vessel has been mined or torpedoed aAvay off shore. The relieved  Avatcher ascertains that no surviA'or is  clinging to the tell-tale relic, then goes  to make his report.  First Shot Fired in War  Government   Will   Regulate     Developments of Areas in Far North  The department of the interior hers  issued a set of regulations/governing  the development of potassium rn a  large area of dominion lands extending along the Peace, Athabasca and  Mackenzie riA-ers.  The following preamble precedes  the regulations Avhich appeared in  the Canada Gazette:  "Whereas it is also represented  that the area of a location acquired  under the provisions of the regulations approved by the order-in-coun-  cil of the J3th August, 1908, above ve-  referred to is not sufficient to induce  prospectors to incur the expenditure necessary to discover such salts,  that discovery can only be made by  means of deep bore holes, involving  a very large expenditure, that the  search may be quite unavailing, and  that, OAving to the very great public  benefit Avhich Avould result from such  a discovery, it might be in the public  interest if liberal inducements could  be offered to companies Avilling to risk  so large au initial outlay upon the  chance of making, a discovery, and,  "Whereas, owing to the great demand for certain salts of potassium  for fertilizing purposes, and the fact  that the present production is quite  insufficient to satisfy the world's requirements."  The   regulations   permit   of   a   lease  of the  lands  in question  not exceeding .1,020  acres,  and  the   lease is  to  be   applied    for  at   Dominion    lands  offices.    The  rental for the first year  at the rate of 25 cents an  acre  shall  accompany   the   application.    Thereafter,   the  rate  will   be  50   cents   per  acre   annuaJly.    One  year   after     the  securing of the lease the lessee  shall  have   such   machinery   on   the   lands  for prospecting purposes as the minister may consider necessary."  It  Was a Troopr of the 4th   Dragoon  Guards on August 20,   1914  The first shot fired by the British  army in the present war is said to  haA'e been discharged by a trooper  of the 4th Dragoon Guards on August 20, 1914, says the Mail and Empire. As regards our field artillery  the honor of having been the first  to let drive at the Huns seems to  belong to the men of E Battery, R.  H. A., who opened fire near Bray, a  A-illago in Belgium, on Saturday August 22.  The British navy, hoAvcA'cr, came  into action far earlier, the actual first  shot being discharged by the destroyer  Lance, AA'hich surprised the German  minelayer Koonigen Luise in the North  Sea, and sank her in six minutes. This  event occurred on Wednesday, August 5.  The first shot fired by any of the  combatants in the Avar Avas discharged  from the Hungarian monitor OrsoAva,  on the Danube riA'er, on July 28, tho  date of the declaration of hostilities  by Austria against Serbia. A lightly  armed Serbian patrol boat Avas hit,  but managed to escape. .  Curiously enough, the first shot in  the Russo-Turkish Avar in 1877 Ava3  also fired on the Danube and by a  monitor. The name of this ship was '  the Lufti-Djelil, a Turkish vessel, and  she discharged a single projectile at a  Russian gunboat. Before she could  fire ��������� another, her opponent let fly a  torpedo, and bleAv her up Avith all her  crew.  In the Franco-German Avar of 1870  the first shot fired Avas fired by a  corporal in charge of a French frontier  guard It killed a German officer of  Uhlans. The Avar of the Balkan  League against Turkey Avas similarly  begun by an armed Montenegrin peasant. Avho shot dead the leader of a  Turkish patrol late in the afternoon  of August 8, 1912.  Parson���������Do you, Liza, take Rastua  for bettah or for avuss?  Bride���������Well, if Ah got to tell tha  truth, pahson, Ah'm takin' him 'causa  he's de fust man Avhat eveh axed me.  It  it**  4>tl.  '- **!l.  W ^^ftifili^  V "*������������������������������������        ..'IK1       ,    ,  vssssri  MS&aaaemi 1TBJB     GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.      B.      C.  By  Coast   Watcher   in   the   London  Times ;  ' It is night, moonless- and full of  terrors to the timid���������night, Avith ���������. its  ���������dangers and possibilities of surprise,  its demands oh intelligence and tenacity to duty, its likelihood of. shocks  and surprises. Adiacent objects assume fantiistie 'and,;, sometimes sus-  p'v'ious shapes, almost any one of.  which may be a spy at Avork. In tho  offing ships pass to and fro, peaceful  'tramps' with their regulation lights  .burning, black patrol vessels arid "torpedo bouts with lights out.  And   fivinv Land's   End   to  John  0'  Goat's,   on   headland,   Martello     and  church     towers   on   miles     of   dreary  salting.-,'  ness  unci  voe.  silent watchers are peering up at, the* dark welkin  looking  for  those  fat  maggots  of  the  sky   on   which   Count   Zeppelin     lias  e-leeted   to sand   his   name   'down   the  corridors of time.'    Nothing could  be  more   lonely   except   the     night   lime*  Avatching, from bridge or vessel's head,  for   enemy   craft;   tire   immediate   intimation of wliich may.be the roar of  a   gun   or   a   torpedo   that   sends   the  watchers   vessel gurgling   to   the   bottom witli no more time than to utter  a scrap of prayer and take a'dive.,'.'���������  Inland, from ten to more miles, as  far as inland goes, except where munitions   aro   being  made   and   in   towns  and villages; where the Zeppelins have  dropped their    bombsr there  is  but"  scant sense^thaV Ave. are. in the ..midst  of   a  Avorld   war   iii   comparisonWith  tho same feeling on tho coasts, especially south   and'east.   Here-Ave know  it as much as the -terrible'truth can  be known short of,'the actual" horrors  of   battle.    And   Avhen  the  curtain  of  niehl   has  come  down  arid   all   lights  ���������are    darkened,     that   intelligence   becomes intensified to ,-i high pitch. Then  that the trusted  watchman goes  A-BRIGHT. TO1***0���������'  .\JDJX\J\JVS  OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  -wwwpw^jBHSf"  ussia-  Farm Colonies for Soldiers   Our Future on the Water  If   Russia   Gets   Constantinople' Great  Britain   Must  Get  Bagdad  ������������������ A few days age- M. Milyokoff, lender  of the democratic party in the Russian Duma, in the course of a.speech  in that legislative Chamber on the  war situation.' affirmed ' the absolute  necessity to Russia to the possession  of Constantinople. Behind this affirmation lay the' assumption that  Russian possession of the capital of  the Turkish Empire signifies the absolute .destruction of tlie 1'iriipii'c ..itself, because if Russia, clops not secure  the grout, prize Germany will do so,  and Russia cannot''permit, the navigable channel connecting the Black  Sea  with   the   Mediterranean   to   pass  into   the   pejssessioii-of   ii.   power   so, .. , , ,, ,    .  ,.  strong    that  its hold ' could    not  be   P*r at some*other employment,  ���������declai-  "     "       '   "���������      or   never -is   Russia's   ed Dr. Bryce.      It is apparent that at  least one-third    of our    soldiers    are  Dr.   P.   H.   Bryce's   Proposal   to  Solve  Problems Arising After the War  Farm colonies for soldiers avhs the  solution proposed by Dr. P. II. Bryce  o! Ottawa, President of the Canadian  Society of Charities and' Correction  who is attached to the Conservation  Commission, in. a medical way, in an  ��������� address before the united" charities  institutions of Windsor On "Canada's  Preparedness to Deal With Post-War  Problems." Iu order lo care for the  200,000 soldiers wlief will rei.umlo civil  life six months after the war is over,  Dr. Bryce declared ,a large number  of them' Avill'have to engage in agricultural pursuits. ..-.������������������.  "The success ol our 'official and  social work after the Avar -avi 11 depend  primarily on the preparedness of our  communities to assist soldiers to find  Avork  either  at their old  occupations  it  ].*���������  to his lonely post���������but not only to  keep a lookout for Zeppelins. There  are the inshore waters to watch, as  the peacetime coastguards Avatched;  hut with what a difference���������with what  an increase of anxiety, what, a keenness to li'l nothing pass undetected.  'Ai:c if his station be at the breech ..of  a naircrnft gun, \vhat: of the possibil-  ity of getting a shot into the' Zeppelin  tiu't conies droning through the dark-  ness ove'ihead ?  But tie. most unenvicd of all watchers- if an adventurous spirit can avoid  e:iv\ i:.g anyone, in the almost endless,  cordon���������is lie who keeps his lonesome  vigil on the earth wall of the salt sea  marshes. There' ho trudges from- post  'to post, night glasses in hand, when it  is blow hi'di, blow low. rain, Or a  clear sky, or, worst of all, a fog that  keeps him on . ���������.'tenter-hooks all the  lime, and out.'of which the enemy in  ^soine form or other may emerge at any  moment with suddenness and calamity. The ground, swell ��������� of high tide  surges on the stones at the foot.of the  Avail, recedes arid conies again; bringing out of the Avet mist and darkness,  Avhere sea and sky .'appear to be one,  ii mass of something to Avhich the  night and over-eagerness lend a most  suspicious shape, and ������������������ the ��������� watcher  cranes his head forward, Avith-,glasses  levelled at the object.  What can it be? What would make  for such a landing at such an hour,  in such a set of circumstances? What  but the enemy? Can it be a landing  raft? the watcher asks himself in the  tense strain, and searches the narrow  Avaters beyond and to the right and  left for more. There are none, still  he is undecided. Shall, lie sound his  alarm, or run to the telephone? Again  he examines the thing tliat approaches  Avith a slowness that is painful to him,  slow because it has no motive power  except that of the tide. And still he  Avails, fearful of making a blunder���������  Avaits, and is. still uncertain Avhat to  do. Then comes a glimmering of the  facts, a few minutes more, and the  whole truth is known to him. A little  longer, anel'crash against, the stones  comes a confused jumble of wreckage.  Some vessel has been mined or torpedoed away off shore. The relieved  Avatcher ascertains that no survivor in  clinging to the tell-tale relic, then goes  to make his report.  broken.     Now  opportunity.  .  So spoke M. Miiyok'off to the Duma,  but since that lie has, in a published  interview, gone much further in affirming that as, the result of the war  Great. Britain must have Mesopotamia.  In other words, if Russia gets Constantinople   Great   Britain   must, get  casual laborers. It might be-supposed  that they could again take up their  old work, but it must be remembered  tliat the number of unemployed in all  parts of Canada, in July, 1914, .was,  very large. When the special classes  of work created by the war have end-  ���������  ���������   ,   , -    -,,      ,,   ,,    . ��������� ...    -,    ,   ed  there   will   probably  be  a  similar  Bagdad,, with all that goes with it of ,lilc]c of employment;'since few other,  territory. Politically, .Mesopotamia kinds of ,v0,-k'in 0ur cities have been  is as necessary to Great, Britain ns the |-created in the meantime, and few of  remainder of Asia Minor is to Russia, our industries have been enlarged.  It is necessary to her safety in both ''The creation of new industries de-  India and ligypt, ancPt.0 the coritmu- pP)lds on a demand for new products  ance or her control of the Suez Canal, j .md the obtaining of necessary capital  It is  not at  all    likely that    one of .   .     .  Russia's more prominent statesmen,  even" it he'.'is" not a partisan of the  autocracy, would utter such opinions  at the present time, without knowing  whether they were likely to do .good  i or harm, in the opinion of the Czeir  and his political and military advisers.-Toronto  Globe.  Beer Worse Than Whiskey  Beer is  Not the  Harmless Drink  it is  '������������������     \. Supposed   to   be.  Over twenty-five: years ago.Sir John  A: McDonald appointed a Royal Commission to enquire into the liquor  problem. The Chairman of the commission. Judge Clark; stated that nearly all doctors said that beer was worse  than whiskey, but at that time'"we  could not tell the reason why.  ��������� Some years after that ihe -great in-  A'cstigator, Von Nbordeii, discoA'ered in  beer "a n''acid to which he did not give  a-, name, Avhich ..wrought; havoc on the  kidneys, heart and liver. So the mat-[  tor    stood    until"   Prof.  Reinitzer  of/  The'first is not. probable, and the latter . will be curtailed ������ty the enormous  absorption of British capital in Avar  loans.' So the development of new  industries in. Canada Aviff. prove slow  for a. tithe. But agriculture is an industry which Canada can always develop with certainty of success, if not  of high remuneration."  The extent to which Canada could  hope to find a market, in the United.  States for agricultural products was  said lo be very great, in. the opinion  of Dr. Bryce. Although special industries for disabled soldiers may. be  developed, and the blind anel maimed  rnay.be trained so that they will be  able to earn, theirown livelihood, this  only touched the fringe of :the prob-  le'm, tlie lecturer declared. The purchase anel siibdiA'ision of land suitable for small fruit arid'.'..vegetable-'  farming avus the plan Dr. Bryce proposed.  ���������The financing of such a colonizing  scheme by ,t he GoA-ernment, 'and the  education of the men in scientific  farming methods, Dr.-.Bryce declared,  would' contribute  in   a  large  measure  ^    j      v i     .,    i ,i       v        i-   , to the solution of  the  problems  tliat  Grate   discovered    that the    Lupul n. ���������������   ce]-.tain-to arise aaei! the ^,  Glands of the hops secreted not only !  -  Tell Others How They Were  Carried Safely Through  Change of Life.  Durand, Wis.���������"I am the mother of  fourteen children and I OAve my life to  LydiaE. Pinkham's  Vegetable Compound. When I AAras  45 arid had tho  Change of Life,  a friend recommended it and it  gave me such relief  this acid Avhich he calls Hop aejkl  but also a peculiar resin, bearing a  close resemblance to the resin secreted  by the Indian,. Hemp, from which  comes the dreadful poison Hashish.  The 13 rem in Anti-Aiec-liol Congress  concluded that while Avhiskey and  brandy make a man crazy, beer tends  to make him stupid. Dr. Forel, of  the University of Zurich, says "The  drinking of beer lias killed the ideals  and ethics and has produced an incredible vulgarity." The reason for  the brutal sottish ness is that each pint  of beer contains besides a small glass  of pure alcohol, a percentage of Lu-  pulin. the active principle of hops,  which acts very much like the poisonous principle of Indian hemp. At one  time Indian hemp Avas used as-a medicine, but it had to be given up on account of its A'arying and poisonous  characteristics.  Prof. Forel. of the University of  Zurich, the first great Institution in  Europe to giA'O up alcohol as a medicine,, reported that the beer drunkards  outnumbered the spirits drunkards  by 9 lo 1. Dr. Delbruck says that beer  and wine countries such as France,  Germany, -'Belgium and Bavaria, are  more alcohol soaked that the whiskey  and brandy countries, and concludes  that the beer danger is much greater  than tlie spirit danger.  A pamphlet entitled' "Alcohol ,and  the Power of Resistance," circulated  widely among th.-* German so.ldiefs  says, "There-is no justification for  calling beer, liquid bread, a glass of  heavy beer, costing 25 pfennings contains less nourishment than a piece  of cheese costing 1 pfenning. Almost  all excesses and disturbances in the  army, arc traced to drink, and it is  mostly Leer tliat causes the mischief.  Beer is not, the harmless drink il is  supposed to be.���������I-I. Arnott. M. B.,  M.  C. P. S.  Our Shantymen Biigade  It, is gratifying    to  learn    that, the  operations   of   the   Home-grown   Timber Committee are proceeding smoothly and expeditiously," says the Estates  , ,     Gazette.   "Large supplies have already  from my bad feel-   hoen ,in..u.,,,,<���������   foi.   all(| [(.i|jng js riC.  ings that I took | tivcly ��������� proceed ing. To raise a battalion  several bott!c3. I j of CJiiindiuiT timber men as a military  unit for wcrk in England was a brilliant, idea, and it has all been done  so cjiiickly tliat the first detachment,  of the.-e. men is already at work. The  more; home-grown timber we can put  into the market in this crisis the more  -ffecttially we shail relievo the pros-  re upon  tonnage."  am now well and  healthy and recommend your Compound to other ladies."  ���������Mrs. Mary Ridgway, Durand, Wis.  A Massaeli usetts Woman Writes:  Blackstone,   Mass.��������� "My   troubles  Avere from roy age, and I felt awfully   SL1  eick for three years.    I had hot flashes ���������    often and frequently suffered from Not long ago the editor of an English  pains. I took Lydia E. Pinkham's paper ordered a story of a certain  VegetableCompoundandnowamwell." length, ���������'������<- ������������������������)<-.������ the sory arrived he  -Mrs   Pierre COURNOYER, Box 239,   discovered that the author had written  mrb.  iifiI"*-1''  wui��������� ������ ^    >    several hundred words loo many.  Blackstone, Mass. i^no p,..|K.r w-as already late in troini*;  S-Jch warning symptoms as sense of  euffocation,hotflashes,headaches, backaches, dread of impending evil, timidity,  sounds in the ears, palpitation of the  heart, sparks before the eyes, irregularities, constipation, variable appetite,  ���������weakness and dizziness, should be heeded  by rriiddle-aged women. Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound has carried  suany Avomen safely -Through this crisis.  Russians Committecr no  Cruelties  On the principle that "two blacks  make one white,', the Germans have  circulated many stories about the  ferocity of the Russians when invading  Prussia.  In order ..hat truth may be justified the following extract is reproduced from the German religious  paper "Chronik der Christ! ichen  Welt." The article is from the pen  of a German pastor, avIio speaks from  personal experience.  "The first invasion of the Russians  in August, 3'Jl-t, Avas far more extensive than ihe second; almost submerged by the ebb and flow of the  hostile armies. But the economic  and also the ecclesiastical damage  Avas.-comparatively slight. The Russians regarded the territory, winch  they hemmed ;in on both sicles, as a  safe possession, an annexed province. From this feeling, but also  Avithout doubt from an originally sincere desire for a humane and orderly  method of conducting the war, it is to  be explained that there Avere no devastations, lootings or cruellies affecting tlie goocir- arid chattels of the  civil population, who on their side no  doubt showed themselves free from  fanaticism. 'Ihe few isolated exceptions, which naturally could not be  avoided among such huddled masses  of men, have been afterwards exaggerated beyond measure and represented  as general "  Indian   Factories   All   Work   For   War  India is adding to the strength f  the forces waging war against the  Central Powers by more than .furnishing troops and gifts for Red Cross  and Patriotic Funds. Advices to hand  show that, factories for the manufacture of military equipment and aeroplanes are in full swing. The Indian  press does not fail to criticise unfavorably the Mesopotamia Expedition  and chart."' its failure to the parsimony of the Indian Finance Depart-  nien. and yet in effect they say "'we  must sec* this  thing through."."  VV.  N.      U.  1110  P;li  to press, so there was no alternative���������  the story must be condensed lo fit tlie  allotted space. Therefore the last  few paragraphs were cut. down to a  sincrle sentence.    It read thus:  "The Earl took a Scotch high-ball,  his hat, his departure, no notice of  his pursuers, a revoh'or out of his hip  pocket, and, finally, his life."���������Every-  body'a "Magazine.  "Production and Thrift"  "Production and Thrift Agricultural  War Book I9JG" is a volume of .250  pages published by direction of Hon.  Martin Birrell, Dominion Minister of  Agriculture.  Information supplied by men of Do-  minionrwide reputation is contained  iu it in regard lo all lines of farm production. 'There! is given as well a  mine of statistical information con  corning the world's production  consumption  of foodstuffs.  and  Democratic Australia is an example of strong legislation. In New  South Wales no bar room is allowed  to exist, within six miles of any military camp. Bars close at, six''p.m.  Not a case of drunkenness was dealt  with by the -Stipendiary magistrate  of a crowded district in Sydney in  one  week.  Canadian        Shipbuilding        Industry  ... - .       Should   be   Fostered  Within the last feAV days there has  been launched-from a. Montreal; shipyard, a ;.-���������million-dollar ice-breaker,  'which is.according to reports, the last  word in this highly specialized class  of   marine  construction.  .Only a few years ago when a A-essel  of this class was required, it Avas  necessary for the Canadian government to seek it abroad. The launching of the other day is sufficient proof  that that day lias gone by and that  Canadian shipyards are now capable  of turning out a class of vessel Avliich  requires special skill on the part of  both marine engineers and constructors.' '"'.. ,., .  Encouraging as-the launching ot the  "J. D. Hazen" is, it should not'be  accepted merely as" an .isolated instance of progress in Canadian shipping*. It should be.dnlythc first of  a series of similar stepping stones toward the establishment of a Canadian  shipbuilding industry of the first magnitude. .Never,in,the history of water-  borne commerce lias there *-b'een' the  demand for tonnage that there is today. That demand will increase rather  than decrease for an indefinite period,'  and the opportunity, foi* Canadian  shipbuilders is exceptionally favorable. Years ago this country had a  wide reputation for the excellence of  the ships launched from the yards of  the Maritime Provinces. For: many  years the industry largely..-'died out,  but the tradition, together Avith ������������������ the  facilities, still exists, and under the  present . circumstances it should be  both easy and very profitable to revive the dormant industry.  . It may be necessary, for a time, at  least, to offer special encouragement  lo bring this about. That is a matter  of government policy, which can easily  be determined, once it has been de.cid-  ,ed .to' put Canada back where she once  was, among the ship-producing nations  of the. world. Wo have the skill, we  have -v great coast line, scores of-ice-  free harbors,, innumerable .-sites siiitr  able for the establishment of shipyards- cheap power and unlimited.raw  materials. Taken in conjunction with  the, abnormal demand 'Tor' ocean tonnage,, these things -constitute an opportunity for Canada which it, Avould  be folly to neglect. <���������-  But if avc are lb1 profit by all'these  faA'orable circumstances we must move,  quickly. If the. government were to  announce a comprehensiVe policy leading to the encouragement, of shipbuilding, the countiy would approA-e from  one end to the other.���������Montreal Star_  Weeds are Spreading'  . .       o  Farmers Should Wage a Ceaseless War  Against the  Pest  "Many of tiie . Aveeds are getting  ahead "of-the farmers and, unless methods of control are put into practice  at once, the weeds will gain the upper  hand." This is how F. C. Nun nick,  of the Com mission of Conservation,  sizes up the weed situation'in Canada.  In regard to wild oats, he reports that i  in 1910 one hundred farms were visited ;  in''each'of the Prairie Provinces, and  on one hundred per cent, of the Manitoba farms wild oats were found. In  Saskatchewan, seventy-one per cent.,  and in Alberta three per cent reported  Avild oats, fn 1011. on the* same farms  in Alberta, thirty-one per cent, reported -**ilcl oats, while in .1912 a still  larger number reported this Aveed,  showing that it was travelling westward Avith a vengeance.. In the districts visited in 1913, wild oats were  reported by eighty-three per cent, of  the farmers.   ' '  Ball mustard, Canada thistle, stink-  Aveed and wild oats were reported in  the Prairie Provinces on at least  fifty-three per cent, of the farms visited, and some of these \veeds were  reported on seventy-nine per cent, of  the farms. In Eastern Canada couch "  grass arid ox---ye daisy were reported  on seventy-three per cent, of the farms  and sow'thistle on thirty-four per cent.  This is'bad enough, but in .every'~case  all these weeds were rapidly spreading,  and will continue to do so unless something more is done to check their advance.  Government: legislation without the  co-operation of-the farmer will never  eradicate the wood pest. Farmers and  those, of a locality must co-operate  and wage ceaseless war against it if  any permanent success is to be attained. It is in the farmer's own interest  to destroy the weeds, which are growing where his crops should be growing,  and for this reason alune action on  the part of the Government should  not be necessary.  Let Him Out  "1 want, to be excused," said the  worried-looking juryman, addressing  the judge. "1 owe a man five dollars  that I borrowed, and as he is leaA-ing  town today for some years 1 want, to  catch him bef-jre he gets on the train  and  -nay him  the money."  "You are excused," returned His.  Honor1 in icy tones. "I don't want  anybody on the jury who can lie like  that.*"  The Stampede  Frontier     Days     Recalled���������A    Tournament That Has a History  "The Sky Pilot," written and published by "Ralph Connor" (Rev. C.  W. Gordon), Avas the first glimpse, to  many thousands of readcis, of cowboy  life on the prairies and in the foothills..  It is only from such writings and  from the records of the R. N. W. M. P.  that the history of cowboys, cowgirls  ���������kings aiic'l queens of the lariat���������the  rough riders, ropers, sharpshooters  J and their equipment of saddles and  j bridles, <chaps, lints and gloves Avill(  ever be known.    *  ��������� As "settlers flocked .'nto Southern  Saskatchewan" and Southern Alberta  to cultivate the fertile acres, ranches  were curtailed in extent, bands of  horses and herds of cattle have been  reduced until today cowboy life has  almost passed, away. In another' decade or two we may look in vain for  the old pioneer and scout life.  Thousands of farmers on the prairies know nothing of this early history  of the plains except by hearsay.  ��������� The Stampede to be held in Moose  Jaw on July ]1 to 14, J91G, will give  ari opportunity lo all to sec for themselves that" which no amount of hearsay could giA'c. It is lo be a living  page from the history of the brave  days'-of'the frontier! A vision of the  vanishing prairie west; a tournament  that;.has a meaning.  1 . Old timers who participated in the  early history of the West are enthusiastic over the Stampede. To them it  is. like visiting tho old home once  more, and lo the new settler it Avill  be an open page of the past, once seen,  never to  be forgotten.  That these cowboys arc skilled in  their profession can never be denied.  They are counted among the best  horsemen in the world���������masters of  themseh'es and their horses. ��������� This  was demonstrated by the Strathcona  J-Iorse in 1900 They-were trained cavalry from the day they first lined up  under  cavalry  command.  The* personal qualities of cowboys  are, Avell known. Their principles of  right and'wrong are invariably on the  side of fair play and justice. Their  creed imposed wild justice upon many  ��������� malefactors"-.', and "the strong hand"  Avas the law of force that ensured  ���������safety-'.--of-"property Avhere no other  ���������Avrit or judgment found place.  Moose JaAv for a quarter of a century Avas on the eastern boundary of  the ranches.. It was me Avinter home  of many ranchers, while their foremen  ���������and. outriders kept an outlook over  stock on the ranges.  Moose'-'Jaw avus also a great market  place for disposing Of stock. So the  idea of the "Stampede" at once captured the fancy and attention of old  timers in the city, and it looks as if  from July 11 lo 14 this year will see  a great gathering of old timers Avith  all the paraphernalia of ��������� coAvboy life,  and many thousands of visitors lo  see for the first time cowpunchers,  bucking 'horses, tenderfoot, gold  mounted spurs, sih-er horned saddles,  rolled cantles, lariats, quirts, slickers,  chaps, ropers, and wild steers. It will  be real life Avithout any sham or make  believe.���������Hugh McKellar, in The SaskatcheAvan Farmer, June issue.     ,  To Appoint ��������� Railway Commission  The commission to inquire into the  raifway. situation in Canada will be  appointed shortly. Among the names  mentioned arc-/ those of President  Underwood cf the Erie system of the  United State:*: ^.ir Thomas Tail, formerly manager -:i.:!���������.*���������'. Australian system  of slate-own**" railways, and Sir  George Pais'n, tha eminent statist of  London.  Test of a Coat and a Man  A personal friend of mine, writes a  correspondent had an amazing experience with l-ullet-proof armor.  ���������'' When he" was in Paris at the -beginning of the war, a fluent French  inventor persuaded him to give him  an. opportunity. to ".demonstrate in  England' a thin chain-armor shirt,  which he said would resist any bullet or. bayonet. A sample shirt .had  been hung; up and fired at with satisfactory results, but it Avas Avith some  skepticism that my friend attended  the official oejmcnstration.  However, to oblige the inventor, lie  put on one ,of the. shirts to show'its  comfort and flexibility. It was then  that the inventor pulled, out an, automatic ��������� pistol arid blazed" away  straight at my'friend's chest. Before  he: had recovered enough breath ,'cyori  l.o protest, a War Office official grasped him'warmly by the hand.  "Sir," lie said, "you are a brave  man!"  My friend disappeared with becoming modesty.  After the War  At the end of the war we shall clearly need to have tAvo great conferences,  one a conference of the belligerents  to settle the territorial questions that  concern them; the other a conference  of all the powers, including the neutrals to re-establish the la\v of nations  on a sound basis, to find means for  upholding it in time of war. and for,  ridding the world of the terrors of  militarism even hi time of peace. Let  us always, in judging the American  people anel their statesmen, keep our  eyes on that final event, and so act  that, whatever wc or they do now, wo  shall be able to work together when  the time comes to save the world from  a renewal of this savagery.���������Westminster Gazette.  Patriot to the Finish  "What does it matter?" asked a  soldier as he was called to fhe line  for a chaige. "Who dies if England  lives." In five minutes he fell to the  bullet, of a sniper, with time, however, to say to his comrade before  passing away, "It is all right I meant  it, lad."  The government of New Zealand is  building a five mile railroad tunnel  at a cost of nearly $5,000,000 lo give  close connection between the east and  Avest, coasts of South  Island.'  A   Gun   That   Fired   30,000  Shells  _ Enthusiastically       describing      the  French 75's the saviours of Verdun, v  correspondent  Avriles:  "In one e*f trio Russian battles one  of their batteries fired 525 ���������rounds to  the gun in a single day, which seemed  to mo at that time an extraordinary  rate of fire. When 1 mentioned this  lo an artillery captain at Verdun, he  laughingly replied.  "I have lired from this (4 gun) battery ,'(,100 rounds .of shells in' 45 minutes."  I listened lo him in amazement.  "How long do your guns last al that  rate?" I asked him, for the theory  before the Avar was that a field piece  did not have u life exceeding 8,000  lo 10,000 rounds of fire. The officer  placed his band affectionately on tho  gun  that  we  were  inspecting.  "This is a hi-and new' gun which I  have just rocciAed," he said. "The  one whose place it has'taken had fired more than'30,000 shells and ^till**  Avas not entirely finished." Then he  added, "You are surprised at my  speed of fire, but there have been 7a's  in this war that have fired 1,600  rounds in a single'day."  "I'm going to decorate you for  bravery Mr. Wadlcigh. Put this  French war-orphan medal on your  coat."  "But I haven's performed any deed  of  heroism."  "But you will when you ,give up  twenty-five cents."  Well, T must be going, old man, I've  an appointment to meet my Avife."  "She   probably   Avon't  bo  there."  "Oh,  she will, just about.  I'm  two  hours late."  GranssSaled Eyelids,.  Eyes inflamed by cxpo-  eurc to Sun, Dust and Wind  quickly relieved by Murine  Eye Remedy. No Smarting*  just Eye Comfort. At  Vour Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Eyo  SalvcinTubcs25c. For Booh oStheEyefrecask  Druggists oi Murine Eye Remedy Co., Chicaero  XI   F.HEl   Leva?   Simulation  A fitn-JKhtforvrard (tenerowi  filTfcr .h-om tin catafallKhcd  firm. IVe aro c!v!dk av/ft7  AVatcbca to thousands nC  vuoplo all over tho  world ro a haas  advortlncmont. Ko^r  Is your chaneo to  obtain one. AVrlto  novr, enclosing 95  .'ConU Tor cno ol our  laulilonable Ladlaa'  I.oiift . Guard*. or  Qontfi' Alberts, cent  t.-trrlAKQ vald to wear  ���������with tho -natch, whleh  will liu sivon Preo  Itliwio wnCehon aro  guaranteed n*o years*,  should ynu tako ad-  vantacejpr our marvel-  louj oBcr. W������ oxpoot yon to toll your friend"  iboat uV and .how thorn tl.o bcautllol -natch.  Dont think thin oft-or too Bood to ho trne, hot r������nd  *���������"? cant* today and caln ������ Freo Watch. Aon  will he aMarod.-WirjtjTAMS & r.l.O\-l). AYWiesala  Jc/K-ollora (Dopt. ���������.������������������������>, 83. Cctnwalli3 EoaU, London, H..  United.  Kendall's Spavin Cure has now  been refined for human use. I ts  penetrnt in*? power quickly ic-  lievesswcMings.spriiins.brui-  bcs, niul all forms of lameness.   It is just what you  need around tho ho-.!se\  AVrite formally letters  from users to prove its  effectiveness.       '  Alfred  Bc.icli  of  Kernptvil-  lc.Ont.Siiys  "1 hiive used  your Kendall'-)  Spavin , Cure  for  years   and  lind ita wonder-,  iul liniment." '  For HorsoS  ���������And  Refined  ���������has been used by horse-  men,  veterinarians, r.inl  farmers for over 33 yours.  Its worth has been proved.  for spavin, splint, curb, ringbone nnei the many other  hurts that come to horses.  Read this letter from Jamos P.  "Wilson, KiiVfc'slaiKl, Sask.:  "I have used your Spavin Cure*  t'.meand ag-jiln with fr->od results lor  swelling! or rheumatism,both Tor man  and beast, and found  it vcrv K.illslactorv.  Get Kendall's  Spavin Cure at  any druggist's.  For horses  SI.  bottle���������ti forSS,  Helincd forman  Gfl*.'.���������<i for $2.50.  "''realiseon tha  Horse'free from  druggist or  writ, to  Dr.B.J. KENDALL CM  Jbura Falls, Vt. U.S./fU'  A German Scapegoat  Herr Clemens Delbrueek, who a few  Aveeks ago. was tolled in the Reichstag, for his masterly organization ol  the food supplies of Germany, has  been invited to resign from His position. The official reason ascribed  for the step is the state of his health.  As he is one of the most robust ministers of state, the real cause is naturally held to be that a scapegoat has  beenfo'.iud in Her Delbrueek in order  to appease, for the time being the ris������  ing indignation of the people at tlm  scarcity and clearness of food throughout  the  country.  Desiiito the numerous "cures,  cer continues to increase.  can-  "is crood tea'*  ?  I  i  ���������J'  if  m  i  9  rj  ?������  > 9  i  h  i.  ���������>'  Li  i  meat/mm  man  ^SgSSSmSM^SS^SSSSi^SaiWt THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.      B. '    C  be war a struggle for right  :nment by the people  ItORAL   PREPAREDNESS   THE   PLEA   TO  AMERICA  jr. J. A. Macdonald," of Toronto, Tell the American People Why  Canada is Engaged in the War, and Makes a Plea for the  Preparedness of American Mind and Conscience   _ o :   I'M j-   plea   is  for   the   preparedness  Ijithe American mind, of the Ameri-  Uh conscience, of the American Avill,"  U's the declaration of Dr. J. A. Mac-  iifilel to a mass meeting under the  Spices of the  Presbyterian General  |embly held nt Atlantic City rcccnt-  Ife spoke for more than 'an hour  (he interest of colleges and univer-  l-s rnd their part in the Avorld con-  |j of ideas.    References to Canada's  If. in  the   conflict in  Europe  Avere  | H-ed.  hat sawis tin's, world war from be-  in the <_jes even of a Canadian,  unredeemed     und    undisguised  ality is that, more than any of the  t 'wars of history, it is a struggle  for territory but for freedom, for  freedom of the soul, for the ideals  ibcrty:   a   struggle   for   the   right  free people to govern themselves,  for equality of opportunity for the  * kingdoms and tho small nation  cs  The Spirit of the West  Westerners   Have   Readily   Responded  to the Cali  of Danger  Eastern Canada does not need to  be reminded of Avhat "Western Canada  has done in this Avar. In the Avestern  Provinces one' looks, and not in vain,,  for the cheery optimism and splendid  enthusiasm of youth. These sterling  qualities1 have nowhere been so strikingly displayed us in the record of  recruiting since the Avar began. It  is not that the West can claim to be  more thoroughly impregnated Avith the  spirit of British freedom, but rather  that there the spirit of youth, ivhich  is the soul of adA'enture,- readily responds to the cull of danger from tho  "little isle our fathers held for home."  The Calgary NeAvs-Telegram- claims  for Alberta a new record  The Country Store  Few   People  Appreciate  the   Convenience of a Retail Store in  the Town  ,  From a Farmer's Wallet  'Their Parliamentary duties having  i struggle for the right to a (been  disposed of  for another    year,  :o  in   tho  sun,  not for the  Great  ers alone, Britain and France and  nany and Russia, hut for Belgium  J Denmark    and   Holland and the  Jidinavian   countries     and   Greece  '/the Balkan Stales, (hat they, too,  reely and securely as their larger  'hbors, -may each  be free to live  r  own   life,   to  cherish   their  own  Is,  and   to make their distinctive  ribution   to  the  civilization    and  om  of  the  Avorld.    For  anything  noble Canadians, too, ought to be  proud lo fight.    But for anything  ���������e  worthy none of the heroes and  (dots of old ever had a chance to  nit and die.  ,-oceoding, he dealt with the phases  .igh  Avhioh  the nations,  and par-  larly   France   and    Britain,     had  ed  in their struggle for the ,frec-  1 of ideas, for the rights of thd com-  pcople, and for equal justice for  classes before the law. Tn the world  flict   of   ideas   there   could   be   no  trality  and  in  this connection  he  Jl:  .reparednoss" Yes. If America is to  [v any Avorlhy part in the gigantic  flict of Ideas, Avhich Avill disturb  world long after the,Avar oE Forces  spent itself, it is high time Am-  ||'.i made ready for that inevitable  Jiggle. -  nt tho readiness for Avhich I plead  this occasion and in this presence  ho preparedness of the American  id, tho preparedness of the Ameri-  Conscicnee. the preparedness of  American Will,  .j'.etter, infinitely better, to go into  war at the balllefronls of Europe  on the high seas Avith an army  I a Navy weaker and Avorss equip-  J than the most alarmist accuser of  herican unprepared ness in his wild-  \ nightmare ever dreamed, than to  ie up in the Avorld conflict of Ideas  [h an undisciplined national Mind,  seared nationiil Conscience and an  jcsolute national Will. These are  ? Verdun battlements of your nan's life'. Sin render them to the  :mies of Truth and Freedom and  mor, nnd, no matter -Avhat happens  your battalions and your battle-  ips, your nation will haA'e lost its  hi.  My   pleading,   therefore.   Avith   you  d with all   Americans, in this time  nationall   fear   and     international  !>ril, is not so much for or against the  aredness policy for NaA'y or. Army.  a Canadian that is not my business.  that national  controversy I  am  a  utral.  But Canadians also are Americans,  us as to you in the new day of the  w world the desolated Avar nations  11 look for leadership in those poles and programs that make for in-  rnational peace  several more members of the Alberta  Lc"'slatiu'C have" exchanged the toga  for ihe uniform, nnd today more than  twenty per cent, of the Provincial LaAv-  rnakers are under the colors. All told,  there are fifty-five reprcsentatiA-es in  the House at Edmonton, and of these,  eleven have already signed up for service OA-erseas. This *.o one more than  a fifth, and it is do.iotlul if there is  any other legislative body in the Dominion that can make a "better sIioav-  ing.  "Of 'the eleven Alberta solons, two  are Colonels, one" is a Major, three  are Captains, three hold rank as lieutenants, and two are privates. One  of the three Captains has seen actiA'e  service, in the gieat war, and is home  on furlough, rnd one of the three  Lieutenant ������ has risen from the ranks.  Taking everything into consideration,  it is a most democratic as well as  a most patriotic body, this Alberta  Lcgislaturj-1. Us members are fighters  Avhen it comes^lo politics and yet it  is seldom that one side of the House  sees eye to eye with the other but  on the.-* question 01 patriotism the  fift.v-fivo members are a unit."  This is a record of which Albcrtans  haA-c ^reason to be proud. Tho bwnr.  under-tow 'of the' European Avar is a  unifying force throughout the Empire.  East and West in Canada are one in  this war. The only rivalry between  them is .Iioav best Jo serve their day  and generation in the' spirit of unity  and freedom so that Canadians hurrying to the call of the motherland, can  truly say as they catch the vision of  the years lo be-  "The   cares   avc   hugged   drop   out   of  A-ision,  Our heails    with    deeper  thoughts  dilate.  We stop from days of sour division  Into the grandeur of our fate."  ���������Toronto Globe.  Honesty   in     Business     Transactions  Pays  Every  Time  Have you ever heard a farmer say  after he has sold a poor, Avornout cow  for a good price "I got a big price  for her, she av.is getting atom,- in  years and would not be Avorth much  another year!-" And say this right  before the young folks. What kind of  an education is ' that for hoys and  girls? If father is tricky, is not that  n. lesson in deception for the vounj;  folks? They think father is all "right.  What father does and says must" be  all-right for them 1o do; so the world  is made  a   little bit better  I knew a man Avhose son-sold a  yoke of oxen. After he had the money  in his hands and the ox-en were gone,  the old father said to his boy: "Now,  my boy, that Avas too much for those  oxen. They avc re not Avorth it. You  take part of that money and give it  back to the neighbor. *We can't afford to take iiis money in any such  way.-" But ihe son piotosled. "He  agreed lo the price, father. It, was a  fair bargain!'' The old man Avas firm  Women Run War Hospitals  |eP  Will Co-operate  jrmation of Committee of Commerce  and   Agriculture   Planned  [The   formation   of   a   committee   of  ���������inuiercc and agriculture for Saskatchewan,  composed  of representatives  E all 'the business and farmers orguni-  Bitions  of  the  province  is  ach-ocated  \: the Regina board of trade and the  '���������crctary has been instructed������to com-  liunioate   with   the  various   organiza-  lons  interested   with   the   purpose  of  Irranging  a   preliminary  meeting.  The  matter   was  fully  discussed   at  mooting  of   the   board   and   it  Avas  Ihown that the object of the commit-  *e would be to discuss all matters at  Hsuc bctAA'cen the various interests and  J*> advance those of the people of the  Trovince by co-operating to the fullest,  possible  extent.    The  organization  of  ie committee will probably be based  In much the same lines as the coun-  jil of commerce and agriculture which  j,ieets in Winnipeg.  Constitute    Whole    Staff     From   Surgeons to Orderlies  A hospital in which only ihe patients  arc men is one of the Avar time innovations in London. It is in Endell  street near Covent Garden Market, and  the entire staff, from cooks to surgeons, are Avomen. The institution is  the outgrowth of a moA-enient knoAvn  as the Women's Hospital Corps. A  little body of women left England for  -j France in the early stages of the Avar  to nurse the Avounded soldiers, but  later they Avere called back, as they  Avere needed even more "urgently to  care for the many Avounded soldiers  brought home to England.  From this small beginning the hospital, which Avill accomodate GOO  wounded soldiers, sprang. The Avounded soldier is considerably surprised,  if he is Avell enough lo take noticed  lo be hi ought to the hospital and sec  only Avomen orderlies in the corridors,  and Avomen surgeons and physicians to  attend  him.  The medical staff consists of eight  surgeons under the direction of a  chief surgeon, a dental surgeon, an  ophthalmic surgeon, a pathologist, an  X-rny operator, an anaesthetist and  a number cf physicians. In addition,  Avomen medical students visit the hospital, and the eniire administration  supervision of the hospital is in avo-  men's hands.  People and Land  Poorer  The shortage of moat", in .Berlin.  Ilainbui-g, Frankfort and Leipsic and  {(.her large cities is accounted for by  [he lack of nitrates by which' the land  -as a rule very impoverished��������� is  I'ourishccl.      Germany  has for many  oars had to rely upon imported ni-  Irnics to- keep her soil in a prolific  fonciition. Then, the shrinkage of labor on farms, and the commandeering  [i live stock for the needs of the Ger-  l-ian Army at the eastern and Avestern  fronts, have contributed to bring about  serious state of affairs. Political  tconomists have held a conference in  |lcrlin for the purpose of advising the  ptale  as  lo the best methods of con-  ?rving other food supplies, wliich may  be required in  a larger degree, if the  (var should pass into another Avinter.  p). 1   l������������ -Ten C. P. R. Scholarships  [|Froin 1017 onward the C. P. R. Company will awiird ten McGill scholar-  jtip instead of five, as at present,  e^le mployees or sons of employees who  "���������)e the University course, which in-  '^i!*- chemical, electrical, lnechani-  Cjtl^and civil engineering  The country store has come in  for  mucdi  harsh criticism.    Some of  this  criticism   Avas   undoubtedly   descrA'cd.  Much Avas not. The men in the retail  country   business  may   have  felt   the  criticism,   but   it  did  not  hurt  their  business  until  the mail-order system  Avas  inaugurated,   but  the   mail-order  house,  assisted by the criticism,  has  been  cutting  more    deeply    year  by  year into  the   business  of  the  retail  country   trade,   until   at   the   present  time the. country store tit the smaller  points  is  doing a very meagre  business,  and is now'causing anxiety  as  some   features   are   beginning   to   entirely disappear,  such  as retail lumber yards, retail implement businesses  Avith   their stocks of repairs,    and  even some retail stores.    People   are,  beginning to realize that.the country'  store is by far too convenient to* entirely  disappear  when -there   are   always  certain  commodities or repairs  that  are   Avanted    immediately,    and  which cannot Avell wait for the mailorder  to   bring.      There  are    certain  commodities that cannot well*be  ordered   by  mail,   and   there   are  times  Avhen  cash cannot be  paid,   and  avc  ha\-e yet to find the mail-order svs-  tern doing business on credit.     This  has made it necessary for the country  store   to   charge   higher   prices   than  would  be necessary if it Avere doing  the \A-hole business of the community  on a cash basis.    As it is, the store  finds it necessary to carry credit for  a part of its customers, and also  to  make up for certain losses, and it is  also  necessary for the store  to carry  stocks of goods for longer periods.  On tho other hand,- Ave believe that  in the past the business of the local  store avus hardly based on efficiency,  and in too' many cases it has been  charging all that the trade Avould  bear, in other cases too many stores  handling the same line of goods, tried  to make a liVing in the same community, and the result Avas higher prices,  too high prices. These factors made  it very easy for mail-order houses  to  ���������^S-f,"?������S U) ^ ���������ly*''IT' an.d tl^'for  oternifv.-Edgar  L    Vincent  same factors induced farmers to start' - b  oo-c**porative   buying   of   commodities  until the practice has become general,  even spreading to those districts where  there   are    really,    efficient     country  stores. "   *    *"  But the matter has hoav reached  that stage where there is danger of  losing the convenience of the local  retail distributor, and Ave arc beginning to realize that this is a convenience, and also the fact that it costs  something to" secure this "conf'cnience.  But avc also realize ��������� that tlie retail  trade can be put on a much more satisfactory basis. Either tlie country  retail business must, be done by'farmers" co-operative companies, Avhich are  showing efficiency and economy, or  the men at present engaged in the  retail trade in the country ^niust get  together and develop greater efficiency. Efficiency that will enable them  to handle a Aiider A'aiiety of goods,  and in the end render to the farmers  that service Avhich they have the  right to expect for the profits taken  on the commodities the stores handle.  We have seen some A-ery good retail  establishments that are already rendering efficient service. These "should  be hunted up, and their methods  studied, and developed.  This efficient service, hOAvever, cannot be fully developed until such lime  as the store's business is put on a cash  basis, and some other organization  carries the credit for the farmer. The  country retai'er cannot be expected  to in any way compete wit Ii mail-order  houses doing n cash business as long  us it is necessary for him to do a big  share of his business on time. Here  is Avhere there is need for an efficient  rural credit system, or a more efficient service from our present banking system, so that there avi'11 be no  need for the country stores, implement Incn or others lo rentier a credit  service to the farmer in addition to  their regular business.  As slated, there are but. few who  readily admit they appreciate the con-  A-eniouce of the letail- store in the  village, but they are only beginning  to appreciate uhat it Avould mean to  lose that service. Co-operaliA-e trading  on a wholesale basis or tho mail-order  house cannot giA-e that coiiA'cnie-icc.  They have undoubtedly have their  merits in handling certain bulky  commodities, but they cannot giA'e  the convenience of the retail store"  HE HOME TOWN AS A FACTOR  IN THE VALUE OF  HOME   TOWN   ADVANTAGES    NOT   APPRECIATED  Proximity to a Good, Live Town Invariable Enhances theValue  Of  Farm   Property,   and   Every  Assistance  Should  be  Given   tS   Building   up   the   Home   Market   , 0    The size and importance of the boms  town is  the greatest single factor in-  Why Do Boys .  Leave the Farm  Farmers' Sons Should be Given Some  Incentive to Stay on the Farm  If the farmers' sons Avould remain  on the farm and keep pace witli fhe  new developments in agriculture Avith  the same de-grecr-of activity that characterizes   manufacturing   and   other  , - ,   ������������������,,,,,, . ���������   industries,   tlie  problem   of  maintain-  however,   and   insisted   that   his_ son * *,*���������   fertility   and   supplying   food   for  had over-reached and should pay bacl  part of the money, and he finally did  so. Do, you suppose either of them  eA-er lost anything by that course? As  long as he lived, the man avIio bought  those oxen spoke of the farmer and  his son eis honest men, Avorthy to be  believed in every spot and place. Yes,  long after they Avere both dead and  gone that story Avas told of them and  their memory avsis the more fragrant  for   that  simple little   transaction.  Now, T have called this a small mat-'  ter. I have not used the right Avord.  No such thing is a small matter. It  is a great matter that avc shall every  one of us, li\'e the pure, clean, Avhite  life. We can get along Avithout the  money; the character Ave must haA'e.  And all the little things Ave do day-by-  day help to make up character. Not  reputation���������Ihat is only the froth  Avhippcd up by the Avind on the iop  of the ocean depths beloAv. Reput-  tion i? only a few lines Avritten about,  us in the dust. Character is the deep-  graven story pf the inner life, Avritten  Daylight Saving  Hour Token From Sleep of Sloth Adds  Millions to Wealth of Wo4d  In Europe, Avhere saving is now  so "necessary, seA-eral countries have  jumped all the clocks ahead an hour,  Avith intent of;,economizing those  A'aluable GO minutes from sleep or  sloth for the urgent needs of daywork.  Germany alone estimates an annual  saving of over .-b'400.000,000 a year in  light and power bills.  Possibly it, is a reflex of this stimulus of innovation that is displayed  in a kindred proposition advanced on  this side of the Avater Avhereby one;  of our foremost activities���������Stock Exchange trading���������would gain an hour.  The gain Avoulcl not lie in stealing any  march upon the clock, but in shoving  the whole trading day itself ahead  00 minutes, as measured in' terms of  the old reckoning and as compared  with other every day activities.  And there is a real economy urged  ���������not so much in physical light as in  belter distribution and use of time���������  in favor of the proposition recently  agitated in New York to open the Exchange at nine o'clock and close at  two. The usually convival type of  broker, avIio never, appeared at the  office until ten o'clock, has passed  into limbo, along. wi,th the. "bet a'  million" financier and the salesman  whose business "compels" him to  drink. And in his stead avc. find the  man of affairs avIio realizes that his  mental structure is retired on a basis  of physical fitness, and Avho, accordingly, finds on the links, the tennis  courts and the broad highways, the  well-being he  requires.  The ercat American game���������baseball���������Avill bring many more devotees  into the sun and open air Avhen the  market closes at two o'clock; and that  extra hour of daylight, invested in  out-of-door employments. Avill yield  goodly elividends of health and enjoyment, whereas in its present uosi-  lion, be*fore the market opens. it.~TSv  simply idle funds���������Boston News Bv  reau.  the nation would be solved.  Boys leaA'e the farm because they  are not gi\'en material encouragement to remain Avhile they are in  their "teens." The life of the average  young boy on the farm is not very  pleasant for man reasons. The hours  of labor are long, drudgery is constant and the conveniences such as he  has seen in city homes are lacking.  No' incentiA'c is offered 1o overcome  those   disagreeable   features.       Most  To Make Warm Clothes  Sudan Grass  Humanity   Still   Thrives  The following story is told by the  Brooklyn Times  Down in Nassau, in the Bahamas,  a negro lad of ten years swallowed, 01-  st arted lo swallow, a seed of the native sapodilla, and it caught. The  seed is nearly an inch' long, with a  barb on each end, and the barbs held  it. fast in the boy's bronchial tubes  The' local surgeons were unable to  aid him, no steamers Avere plying between a nearer port than New York,  and -the victim's ^parents were too  poor,  anyway,  to employ skilled  aid.  A clergyman of Boston .heard of the  ccisc find went to the rescue. He.  arranged to have the boy sent here on  a, liner that stopped in the Bahamas;  he cut the reel tape at the Customs  House, Ellis Island, and Quarantine  and he got that .boy fo St. Luke's  Hospital just twenty-four hours before  death was due, -according to the  specialists ./who now have him in  charge. They say tho obstruction wil)  be removed and the boy will live.  Ten years ago, Avho Avould h.iA'e  thought the life of an illiterate negro  in an alien country Avorth saving at  such a cost? What physician would  even" have estimated the possibility  of an operation outside the charity  hospital in the community in which  he resided?  The same���������T think the way she  treats her husband is positively awful ! Well, to say the: least, it's awfully  positive I  Valuable   Forage     Plant     Which   Has  Proven   Its   Feeding  Value  Since the publication of the article  upon Sudan Grass in a recent issue  of The Eurrow there have been thousands of inquiries from farmers  throughout (he United States and  many from Canada asking as lo the  feedinc A'alue of this crop and tlie  probability of its-growinc in A'arious  sections.  , Inasmuch **s this Avas our first experience with the plant, Ave are unable  accurately te,* advise. After our seed  had ripened'," avu cut the tops with the  intention of saving all the seed in  order to plant enoiurh this coming  year to detjrmine its value as pasture, soiling crop and hay.  After we had removed the seed  heads, Ave cut the hay with, ;i. niowe?r  anel fed it to dairy cows. While it  Avas ripe, dry and apparently uninviting, the c-atlle ate it ravenously,  preferring it to .".Ifalfei hay. So far  as we were ible to- observe there was  no decrease in the flow of milk. VVn  attribute the appetizing quality to  the fact that it is a semi-saccharine  sorghum, which necessary giA-es it a  pleasant,  sweetish   taste.  As to its adaptability to various  climates and conditions,.we haA'e had  reports from semi-arid sections, irrigated sections, and high and low altitudes, all indicating tliat it is a very  desirable crop. We have advised  farmers iii high allitudcs anel in  ,senri-arid regions to drill in i'Oavs and  cultivate Avith the ordinary corn cultivator, keep down the weeds, and maintain a mulch. We cannot, however,  guarantee that the plant is markedly  drouth resisting, nor that it will mature in high altitudes until more extensive demonstrations have been  made.���������The Furrow.  Fibres  of  Tropical  Trees   Used   For  a  Variety of  Domestic   Purposes  A new material has just been dis-  coverod which is likely to produce  and absolutely fresh British industry.  This material is lighter and warmer  than anything else on the market,  and is made from the fibre of certain trees Avjiich grow in the tropics.  It is called Civdem fleece,'and one  thickness is sufficiently Avarm to line  ordinary clothes, such as overcoats  or dressing gowns; two thicknesses  are sufficient for .such military requirements as airmen's suits or motor  coats.  In tlireo or four thicknesses this  Croclein fleece is not only exceedingly  warm for the severest of winter weather, but is sufficiently buoyant to  act as a life; preserver iri case fif a  disaster at sea. and the -thickness of  the fleece in this case is not, so great  us to make the waistcoat or other garment  made   Avith  it all   unsightly.  Mr. Reginald McKennn. the British  Chancellor of the Exchequer, had a  somewhat unusual experience the  other day. Discovered by a. number of  school urchins in London, an imaginative youth shouted, "There is  McKenna, Charlie, the man wot didn't  tax our penny cinemas,."  In a moment every school boy within sound gathered round the statesman, and shouting, "Three cheers for  our show friend," he was asked for  a speech. n  But Mr. McKenna, who as a front,  bencher with rare fertility of repartee  and resourcefulness in debute, had  to apply his wits for once in another  direction���������ho beat a hurried retreat,  much, to the delight of the. laughing  London school kids, avIio kept, cheering till he Avas avc 11 out of sicrhf.  boys, Avhen young, want to become  farmers like their fathers. Tliey listen .to the reprcsentali\'es from the  agricultural colleges and the Avell-  rneaning city farmer enthusiasts picture the beauties of farm life, but  Avhen they face, the cold reality the  folloAving morning, they are dissatisfied anel want lo leave the farm.  I believe I knoAv how the majority  of farm boys feel, for I was one my  self, .-.*nd have observed them for more  than a half century. I belieA-e that  tl'tere is a remedy that Avill counteract the dislike for the farm Avhich  so often prevails among* them, and  that remedy is encouragement. Some  incentive mu.-t be offered, not after  ��������� boys have rc-iched their majority, but  Avhile  they  ire just "kids."  The following incident, which came  fo my notice many years ago, fairly  illustrates what f mean by incentive,  or encouragement, and the discouraging f;ictoi:  The doctor av.is visiting a patient  in the country. .lust as he was leaA--  ing the house, little Johnny. J.he farmer's eight, year old son, said, "Doctor,  this is my birthday find papa has  given me a jug. 1 want you to see  it." He proiuily led the doctor lo the  pen, Avhere he showed him a nice  little black pig about a Aveek old. He  explained quite minutely the superior  points of this pig anel aaid that he  Avas going to take care of it and, Avhen  it got to be a big hog,' Avould sell it  anel have "lots of money."  From time to time during the summer Johnny took great pride in showing his pig, watching it eat, and keeping it clean. Three times a' day he  would strut like a little man out to  the pen carrying skim milk and an  armful of corn, ,and tried to act and  talk like a full grown farmer. As the  summer progressed he enlarged the  pen, giving his pet some extra pasture, and quite often Avould gather  green vegetation for it. On one occasion he stated that next year he  was going to buy two or three pigs  Avith his money and ask papa to rent  him a piece of ground so that he  could laise his own corn. He concluded 'by saying that he "avhs going to  be a farmer and raise hogs and get  rich."  When the pig was ten months old,  Johnny's father sold his hogs, including Johnny's. Johnny Avas very  proud of his pig and declared it Avould  avc*igh lots more than any hog on the  place. The following morning the  hogs were delivered at the station,  and the doctoi, anxious to knoAv how  much larger Johnny s pm Avas, because of the careful attention 'it had  received, than his father's lot, Avent  to see it weighed. When the hogs were  being driven on the scales Johnny  said.. "Papa, aien'f you going to  weigh my pig separately.-" The father  in a cold way said, "My pisr! Whose  corn feci that pig? Get out of the Avay.  Don't bother me." And Johnny Avas  dumb. His lips quivered, the tears  rolled down Mis cheeks and he Avalked  away broken-hearted and discouraged.  The next, year Johnny did not raise  a jug. for all incentive Avas taken  awnv: all his hopes and dreams Avere  blasted.  Today the old farm where Johnny  lived is dilapidated and unproductiA-e.  John is not n fanner, but a worthless,  shiftless individual liviinr in town.  His ambition avhs blighted the day  his pig was sold. What, might not  Johnny .have become had his father  taken him iuio partnership the day  tlie pig was sold?  Sir Waller Scott was a seventh son.  Enemy Admits Food Shortage  The Germans are at last admitting a  shortage of food. A leading article  in The Schleisische Zeitung, the organ  of the great Gilcsian landowners, says:  "It is. childish to continue always to  hide the truth. Let us openly admit  that the difficulties that have arisen,  mainly in the great towns, are caused  not merely by lack of system in the*  distribution' of the necessary articles  of food, but also by the Tact that the  supply of such articles is inadequate."  The journal admits that grievous discontent has spread in all directions  in consequence of defects in the system of dealing with the food supply,  and hopes that the measures introduced in the iioav Imperial Food Department will improve the situation.  Un-Alien Australia  Only one per cent, of the male population of Australia Avere born  in  Germany  or  Austria,  and   p.s  regards females scarcely more than half of one  fluencing the value of property in  the vicinity. The value of the homo  town lo the people living in and 'near  it has been told, and re-told, on every  possible occasion and in all sorts of  Avays. Still, avc have hot yet come  to appreciate Avhat the home town  really means���������measured by the cold  business standard of dollars and cents  ���������to the people Avho OAvn or Cultivate,  land Avithin the market zone eif the  town. - -      ,  A little story, true by the Avay, and  similar instances within the experience of eA'ery man, will emphasize the  influence a home toAvn lias on, land  values and bring the facts right close  to everybody better than a serious'-  discussion of the subject. After all,  there is no illustration quite so strong  as a^story that exactly fits the case;  no example so striking as some simple"  happening Avith which Ave are all  familiar.  A man with a large family and a  small income oAvned a piece of land  in a pioneer country where: toAvns Avere  few and far between. He struggled  along for years Avithout making/any  material advancement., His fortunes  dicl not improve. His family suffered,'  privations. Avere denied the cheering,  influence of society, and his children ���������  Avere growing up unecjucated.  Considering all these disadvantages"  and handicaps, duo solely to the dis-"  tance of his farm from a town or trading point, he determined to sell out  and  move to  some  place  Avhere  the,;  conditions   of   living   Avere   more   in-'  viting.    He offered his land, together  with   all   the   improvements* thereon,'  for   twenty-five   dollars   an   acre,' but*  despite his best efforts and the efforts.,  of all his acquaintances he could not--  find  a  buyer.      Nobody    Avanted- the  farm.    The  land   Avas too far from  a-  market   and   there   Avcrc-fcAv   advantages of the kind that appeal strongest  to   the  Avomen   and  children  of    the  family.  For years this man Avas unable to  sell his'farm even.at,a price th'at  would  have meant a-loss  to  him. ��������� ; ���������  Finally, a railroad Avas built through  the country, a branch road of no great  importance, but certainly a real con-  A'cnience locally. A station Avas established within a Icav miles of the farm  OAvned by our unfortunate friend '���������and  a little toAvn sprang up, as Westerr>  towiid do, and .thrived as only towns  in a neAV country can thrive.  Almost overnight there ay as a good  graded school, churches, pretentious  stores, places of amusement, good,  shipping facilities and a groAving home  market.  Noav, right here just a Avord about  this home market proposition. Speaking of the home market is like talking about the home town. People do  not seem lo understand or appreciate  Avhat it. means to them. Little impression is created because Ave all  become accustomed to such conveniences and such adA-anl.-iges and they  only attract attention by their, absence. The only man wiio talks a  great deal about the home market is  the fellow avIio hasn't any such thing.-  He is the man Avho gets very much  exercised about building up a home  market.  In a broad general way, the home  market, means that many farm products before: unsalable. OAving to lack  of shipping-and handling "facilities j  and home consumption, come into demand at profitable prices.  Take it in the case of our farmpr  friend avIio Avas so anxious to sell his  land at a ruinous price. His fortunes  changed with the coming of the home  toAvn. Products upon Avhich he pre-  A-iously depended for his' money income Avere either enhanced in price'  or the cost of marketing Avas much  reduced, or both. Anyway, Iiis year-"  lv income was greatly increased, although he did not farm an extra acre  of land or produce any more' grain or  live stock than he did before. His  land avhs nc. more productive, his improvements represented no greater expenditure of capital or labor, still he  was offered one hundred dollars an  acre for his land���������anel would-be purchasers Avere numerous.'  Talk about the Lamp of Aladdin, the  Fables of Aesop, or the iairy tales of  old. Here, by some mysterious influence, the A-alue of this .man's land  was increased four-fold almost overnight, without the expenditure of a  single hour of labor or a lone dollar  of extra capital on his part. All this  was brought about by the building  up of a homo town.  While this story illustrates ' in . a  simple.and forcible Avay -one advantage of the home town," the strangest  part is yet to come. Now listen. Our  one-time* unfortunate friend refused to  sell his farm, and every reader of this  story can   tell   the  reason  whv.  ���������" i  Oppose British Plan to Feed the Poles  It is declared on information from  authoritative German sources that  there is not the slightest chance that  Germany will accept the: British stipulations regarding the plan to feed the  civilian population of Poland through  an American commission. It, is therefore not, considered likely that any  relief for the Polish people Avill be  accomplished this year, as further negotiations Avould result in the loss ot  so much time that no fooel could reach  the country before October, when the  harvests  will become available.  Serbia   has   laid   the   foundation   of  a  navy.     The   first   of   her  fleet  has  been called The Velika Serbia, AA'hich  per cent,  are  of  German  or Austrian   -s helping lo  escort transports across  b'.rth. I the   Aegean.     Each   of  the.  Allies  in-  These facts are revealed in a return I lend to add one or twe* other vessels.  John Wesley vns one of nineteen I prepared by Mr. Knibbs. tho Com- and if they Aveather the war gales  children.     Alfred   Tennyson   was   the: i momvo.alth  Statistician,  from  the lat-lAvill  leave them in Serbia's hands at  third of seven sons.  lest available figures.  ������the close of the Avar,  pwwii!.w,������K.|wwi������Mi.j'",'*-������������^J;:  ".>���������������,*������������������  . -jr-tr  M  Jjf   ut-liKJ\,l(v'   *!���������{'!    V^&J,'*.,*^"^  *-*--- ii     *��������� i'Aj\ If.-.'  -a - -���������r \,^u^..uiMvmA!LlUi,UtA.'lLHIlimi IIU"������lil u  ���������*-���������������m-pi  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  m  tjAs-������S  SiAi  .;s:sa*w  .y'-JS**:^  '���������^--v^-a*-*^  " *J *.. *?'���������? *H  ?���������*>..������  -���������'V**.!  ifX-.-!.*'!;.  ���������-*'r*e;������."i*������fl-(?!  ���������4*-vgrr .*t ���������  "*HSm  ������fl  tl5l  *���������/���������*  ft*  ���������������*v..  'j/.-VT..,-,,^.  is  xsz-l&jfo  ?<������������������> w:.  st;  .'?���������{���������*  :*���������-".,%.*, .-*>.yv  ������������������- V/-,1-  -������f-i������f  ���������V  -AWSW  o  ���������P/^  ���������JKWP r '���������  " *ft .,  \V  .������:   j��������� i  ������������������^i*  ���������-���������iS0*. .*^  #.vr>  ���������r-."5-  ������*  * . ��������� .V* .���������*  . "i i ��������� v :"������  ���������> v 4 *t ��������� v:  . *->."> l v.'*-'  V' 'j  ffi^.  ���������S.Smsi-i-MV'Lr1  | ���������-���������,*-  /���������%/ v. ���������"������;".;���������*.  .5 > Mf-   i*  *Vv* ���������-������������������������������������������ ���������>������*���������:;. '.-.*' ������������������  rat;  *���������:.v  ���������STT-,.-*..-:-^!  ������/  ���������sT-'v'/v : .--S.0  -t "..������������������������.-.  * f        1 *���������  ���������������:?.<  \  ���������4-  K*.S  ffiD  a*  rKrv  i^tJ!*?  *;���������������>>?  -" ���������%���������'  v. ji ..   (i?..*^  r*^.  .->:���������  ������������������srir  ->*fij  jw-S-eV  .-9M!  '���������'rt-'ivt.l'j''  ���������gray-*  -M^j4< ���������*  riM������6*  fcisr*  t > vj v - .���������*���������!������*  ���������i-fr:  E-*   *.  E&  &^3# 'W 'V..-.S  :*.���������  '.n^r.'iV :���������-,".  33  ^''���������*i*r2*^-.^f."v  . i1--*^.*." ���������.���������-*���������>'; *-'���������_":  .''���������������4.  .^! *������...-r    -... ���������*.   ��������� ti  y&-$~\.  }*\  \  fr+=  *���������* ������"������ik  s?.1  ������,*! -| 'f.^  <"    I--     V .  ���������������?.*������������������-���������*.������������������.*.���������  r*^-;  .'���������Tv  ������ ���������/������������������������ " *   ���������.-������������������.  ?te  C=-  f-i  St'  Si.  T '���������''*���������.-.  'Hi'DPTi iS in.] ��������������������������������� r I l iMiiie."-*,  ri'i 1 ' ��������� iii i "i .-. -1.1 ;u"'.i/  v,    i" i   ���������' '.   .I1:' ���������   i  i ���������    ;���������!��������� "i'u  h?.{ f ir  - .     ��������� . ..    I'r. ' ���������  !���������.   r . re  i*-  -.'j ; :  ������������������ ��������� r ��������� ��������� ii ,    i..t <;.������ ,.      ������ ,., 5 !i it ��������� t  straw   or   lace   than   tne   June   wedding.  Lucky the girl who is asked to wear one  .   of these lovely hats as a bridesmaid on a  balmy morning in June.    She is then the  happy possessor of a dress hat to top her  summer frocks for the next few months.  Leghorn never really goes out, but some  years see it; more popular than others.    It  is   being  used   extensively   this   year   and  makes  some of the prettiest picture hats.  A simple drooping shape is pictured, of a  leghorn so fine and pliable that the milliner  could not bear to cover it with trimming.  She used, therefore, but a band of black velvet ribbon around the crown, ending in long  streamers at the back, and a deep rose posed  carelessly on the right side of the brim.  Leghorn is used again for one of these  picture hats.    This time it is rather well  covered with net.    This  suggests a very  attractive way of covering up an old unbecoming crown if the brim is good.   Just  a tiny bunch of old-fashioned flowers at  the left side trim the hat.   Blue picoted ribbon is brought from the back of the hat to  form a loose chinstrap and hang in one  long streamer at the side.  Neapolitan and hair braids of all kinds  are very chic for the large hat.    This one  of a deep cyclamen pink is toned down  by the lighter picoted plaque of Georgette  crepe which overhangs its edge.    A ruche  of the-picoted crepe and a wreath of tiny  mixed   flowers   encircle  the  crown.    The  ribbon is a blue picoted one.  For sheer daintiness the fine black hair  is unequaled.    It is light as a feather and  almost croAvnless.    Thin wires hold it in  graceful lines.    The heavy  ribbed ribbon  which forms the side of the croAvn is of  chartreuse,   a ' favorite   combination   with     j [gg? \ \ ��������� ^ * "^  black.    Wheat and roses form the nosegay. ^*-  $������\\>\   *.  The top of  the croAvn  is  a thickness  of  black tulle Avhich alloAvs the hair to shine  thru   very  becomingly.     These   crownless  hats promise great vogue.  A sumptuous combination is found on  the hat of soft black hemp. The crown  is a white silk covered with a fine black  net. Chantilly lace is draped to hang several inches below the brim. American  beauty roses and ribbon bows of the same  rich shade give the color note.  Surely these five hats form a most attractive offering to present against the  ravages of old Sol.  <4  ' i^&&<'$  &T&  &Si$&y������$m  '<?<.  \'   -- /        -     ���������'  ���������    ���������  /   ..-,/������������������ v������  '���������::/:',: -���������-/ - ,-v   -���������;;"-*������������������*:  ;/ -      '/ /'��������� ���������    i  *���������������.;���������-  J- -   ��������� - .   ���������.     -T  t ���������v*|-3 _ +&h   T  "&:  >y  h-K  ���������43?  ���������St.  ^  '<*&l  s������ -*-  h'. '��������� *-.'. *���������":  tfVli  A  l v  >r. >.v  1 ��������� . ^v-iali.  .*> *������������������������  .jr?':  --"'fo-fcfc  ':���������������'%'  ���������JfiL^tt-Aj.        \     . ������  fi*i  ���������J ���������" ��������� >-'*-��������� y*^..*'-**' FW  >***?*���������*.  a  'S*  fSW  ST  J"-'*. ,-<if  -���������am  >68f'������  i^'  w  :?:  *?"*  '*' ^   *  ^^i������.#  VI \  whP --xsm  ���������S \%3'*  \)    '*>.  ii" ���������  ���������7".  *%>���������   ft ���������'.*>*?    *������������������*������  L^*  *5S  ;������^  it^i  .-������������������f*  ^.<   Hi  -^ ��������� ���������  '.^'-   * T     ,  M'^>^"'-  " ������������������. :������j  ���������A1*.    ..'.  Vft;  >    -'  ^  TV'  m  fr<?  *3^  t^*-fc  rV *.  ���������^".���������sS  Sft������  -_*-'/, "���������'���������i'p*'  ,* ,y.-,���������.-..,  ��������������������������� ��������� '   **.   >. ���������  '^������^  v^  F::-^^r^lfet$  la^-r*  :-*>-  ^  l^%!  "3*^-*y  9t?\  I i->^4^-tt-*������Xd^g&'*i  BT  ' r-      'C !    f -   -  .  -."V  tf  ^cJY/v^/ppeT^f of  a  T  uirTliiiimi.wwurrOnwiw THE    , GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.      <3T  II  W  LITTLE  THINGS COUNT  Even ���������in a match you should  j consider the "Little Things,"  I the .wood���������the composition���������  the   strikeability���������the   flam.������.  [{'are made of strong dry pine  f,stems,'with a secret perfected  j, composition that guarantees  'Every.Match'A Light."   65  years of knowing how���������that's  the reason!  *.*-'-      ���������*���������  AH-Eddy products  are de-  i pendable products���������Always.  !*���������*-  \i  ARTS    "     EDUCATION  APPLIED SCIENCE  Inducing- Mining, Chemical, Civil, Mech-  auical and Ulectric.il Engineering.  MEDICINE-  During l!ic W������r there will bo continuous  sotsiona in Medicine.  HOME STUDY  The Art*; Course may be taken by correspondence, but students desiring to graduate must attend one session.  SUMMER SCHOOL     geo.y. chown  jultandaugust registrar  ���������   Does  the   Kaiser   Reflect?  Somctimos  in  rcvicAving  the  career  of  the  Kaiser  it  is   more  charitable,  as AA'cll as, perhaps, more just, to belt lieve him, the victim of a monomania.  'An inordinate-A-anity is-.often, a form  !-of  dementia.-and "--the  man* who. has  r alloAvccl   tho   horrible   illusion' of   his  OAvn. nonliability  to  overpower ��������� him-  ,!,!*)' comes a lunatic, nursing-dreams of  \ illimitable   greatness.     Yet,   perhaps,  ", even on occasions Avhen'his subjects  are celebrating his birthday there may  come moments Avhen the Overman emperor himsc-lf starts back horrified at  -Avhat he has clone.    It is diificult to  imagine   with   Avhat   thoughts  he   reflects on the history of the last eighteen months. Avhen he becomes aAvaro in  his heart of hearts���������as he must do at  times���������that  he   is   tho   author  of  the  most hideous calamity which has ever  befallen    the sons    of men.���������London  Telegraph.  "Odd about Gassaway.''  "What is?"  "He's n great bore, yet he never gets  through.'"  Establish Farmers' Banks  United States tp Open  Banks For the  Benefit of Farmers  The Ilollis farm loan bill embodying  the system of rural credits designed  by the Wilson administration passed  the United States senate by a large  majority a few days ago.  By this bill a system of twelve or  more land banks in as many different  parts of tlie-union is established. TI1113  each bank has control of the loans in  that'district- and these banks themselves aro under control of a rarro  loan board of five members, non-pap  lisan. The secretary of the United  States treasury must be one member  of the board of five.  'Each land bank Avill have a capital  stock of at least .fioOO^OOO. This stock  is to be offered to the public anel if  not subscribed for in a definite time  Avill subscribed by tho.United States  government. The capital thus furnished will be s-fipplied to farmers  through co-operative farm loan associations made up of ten or more farmers. The local association Avould obtain its charter through the land bank  of its district.  Deserving farmers desirous, of borrowing Avould take stock in the farm  loan association up-to 5 per cent, of  his loan. This association then Avould  take an equal amount of stock in the  land bank, Avhich Avould value the security offered by the association Avhich  in'turn looks,after the farmers' security. On mart'gages amounting to $50,-  000 a bank might issue a like amount  of farm loan bonds which Avould be secured  by all twelve land banks.  This scheme is somewhat' like the  scheme of federal banks noAV in existence in the United States. The  great difference of course" is that the  system of federal banks is a superimposed one, 'linking up a system of  banks already thoroughly established.  The farm loan system, hOAvever, ha?  the groundwork to create  A somcAvhat similar bill has been,  reported by the banking committee of  the house-* of reprcsentatiA-cs in tho  United tSates, and will be brought up  soon for consideration there. It is  much the same in its prospective ro.  suits, though somcAvhat different in it-  mode of operation.  CONTAINS  NO  ALU M  A  Few  Good   Hens  It is probably a fact that the average suburbanite, with a few fowls in  his back yard makes more than the  farmer Avith his numerous scrub fowls  and ideal range. Farmers of this class  should learn thai, a dozen pure bred  hens Avith good care Avill yield far  greater profits than several times this  number, of scrubs  Aviator Again Escapes  Eugene   Gilbert,   French   Airman,   Reported  to   Have     Escaped  to   Italy  Eugene Gilbert, one of the best  known French aviators, who was interned in SAvitzerland in August last,  year on being compelled to land by  lack of gasoline on Swiss soil after  a raid en the Zeppelin establishment  at Fricderichshafen, escaped for the  third time. Tlie Petit Parisien has  information which has not been confirmed, officially, that M. Gilbert has  reached Italy.  M. Gilbert, who established several  Avorld's records before the war, joined  the French forced at the outbreak of  tho war. His first ���������.-scape from tho  detention camp in* Switzerland was  made shortly tifler he was interned.  I-Io reached Paris, but was sent back  on the demand of tho Swiss govcrn-  njeut bocauh'* he did not give the  authorities sufficient notice that ho  had withdrawn his word of honor not  lo attempt to escape. In February  last M. Gilbert made his second attempt to regain his liberty, but Avas  recognized -ind was arrested at O'.tea,  Switzerland.  THROBBING, NEURALGIC HEADACHE CURED  HEAD-SPLITTING DISTRESS VANISHES INSTANTLY  This   Wonderful    Curative  Liniment Never Fails  RUB ON NERVILINE  - Neuralgia, quickly cured is twice,  nay, ten times cured. Little neuralgia  pains grow into big ones, but Nervi-  line" in ten minutes relieves even the  worst ones. Even a single application  Avill remove the nerve congestion that  cause's the pain.  Ncrviline penetrates deeply into the  sore tissue, reaches the source of in-  flamation, drives it cut root and  branch._ Every drop of Ncrviline is  potent in  pain-subduing power,    and  itjs strongest charm lies in the fact that  it rubs right in, even to. the very last  drop. Nervilinc is not greasy, and its  pain-removing power is at least fiA'e  times greater,in strength than ordinary  remedies.  We guarantee Ncrviline will euro  neuralgia���������not only relieve it, but  actually and permanently cure it. Just  in the same Avay will it cure lumbago,  sciatica, stiffness and rheumatism;  To conquer all muscular and ncrva  pain, use Ncrviline. A large -bottle  in the home keeps tho doctor's bill  small. .Get t'hc large 50c family'size  bottle; it is more economical than th***  25c trial size. Sold by all druggists  everywhere, or the Catarrozonc Co.,  Kingston, Canada.  TINGING NEURALG  Minard's  Liniment  used  by   Physicians.  Shortage ot News Print  The shortage of neAvs print seems to  be uniA-ersal-��������� The commission elected  by the .French press to study the  means whereby the present paper  crisis might best be overcome, met  recently, Avhen if. was announced that  the Journal, the Matin, tho Petit  Journal and the Petit Parisien, four  leading1 papers each of AA'hich lias a  circulation of more than a million  copies, have decided to reduce' to  four pages on five days of the week  and six on the other two  davs.  Mabel���������If your grandma has iost all  her teeth, how does she cat"-    ���������  Willie���������I heard pa say she had a  biting tongue.  The J-tiA-ei- Nile is belieA-cd to-con-'  tain more varieties of fish than any  other stream in the" world.  A great many former users  of tea and-coffee haA'e. learned  that there is a pure food  beverage made from. Avheat,  Avhich    has   delightful   flavour.  It -never exacts of its users  the tribute"'-" of sleeplessness,  heart-flutter, headache and other  ills often caused by the- drug,  caffeine, in tea and coffee.  has a delicious,, snappy flavour  and is absolutely free from  caffeine or any harmful ingredient, instant Postum is in  condensed, soluble form, and  .'wonderfully, convenient for the  home���������for the picnic���������for travel'  ���������CA'cryAvhcrc.  If tea or coffee interfers Avith  comfort or success, as it does  for many users, try a shift to  Postum.  "There's a Reason"  Canadian postum Cereal Co., I<ld.,  ���������Windsor, Out.  $100 Reward, $100  The renders of this paper will be pleased to  lc.-ivn thai there is.irt'Icast one dreaded disc.'i'.e  science has been able to cine in all its st.-ij.rc1-, and  that is catarrh. Catarrh'berrrjr trrontly influenced by constitutional conditions requires constitutional treatment. Kail's Catarrh Cure Is taken'  internally and acts thru the lllood on the Mucous  Surface.-, of lire S-.hlciu thereby de.slioyinjr itic  foundation of the disease, jri'viner the patierrl  .strcriRlh by builtlinc up the constitution arid  assisting nature in doing its work. The proprietors ha\c so much faith iir the curative  powers of Halls Catarrh Cure tint they oiler  Ono Hundred Dollars for any ca=e that it fails to  cure.   Send for list of testimonials.  Address: 1-..(. CHUNKY & CO., Toledo. Ohio.  Sold l).i all druggists, 75c.  Better Than ' "Whisperin-j GaNary"  Apropos *;f the secret session, in  the British Parliament the extensive  A-entilation chamber which passes beneath the House of Commons was recently mentioned as a place Avhere a  large number of persons can comfortably hear every ivord spoken in the  chamber above.- The tunnel Avas-once  croA-idcd to its fullest capacity, and  that Avas on the historic occasion of  /Mr. Gladr-tor e's speech when the first  H.M"-*..   Rii.e Lih  was introduced.  Why is a Avateh like a river?���������Be-  oeruse" it doesn't run long Avithout  Avinding.  Keep��������� Minard's    Liniment  house.  in    the  ������������������V.  N.  U       1110  Shoe on the Other Foot  Germany has complained bitterly of  the attempt of England to starve out  her civil population in order to bring  the Avar to a close. This suggests a  very pertinent question: Suppose that  Germany, instead of Great Britain,  had-had command of the sea at the  A-ery beginning of the war. It has  been stated many times that-the home  supply of Great Britain would not last  over six weeks if her imports of foodstuffs were stopped. Is there anybody  so silly as to believe that Germany,  in case she had had command of the  sea, would, not have .cut off Great  Britain's supply of food'instantly and  entirely and brought her to her knees  by starvation within two months after  the institution of such a blockade?  It must be remembered, also, ns to  Germany's complaint (that the allies  are trying to starve the civilian non-  combatant population), that _ every  bushel of American Avheat going to  Germany releases a bushel of German  wheat to feed, the army. Any importation of foodstuffs into Germany for the  civil population is therefore an indirect way of supporting tho German  army.���������From the New York Outlook.  The man getting his hair cut noticed  that the barber's clog, Avhich was lying  on the floor beside the chair, had his  eyes fixed on his master at work.       ���������-:  "Nice'dbg, that," said the customer.  "He is, sir." ,  "He seems very fond of watching  you cut hair."  "It ain't that, sir," explained the  barber. "You see. sometimes I make  a mistake and clip off a little bit of  a customer''-' ear."���������Boston Transcript.  A lady ot great beauty and  attract  ivencss.  Avho" Avas  an  ardent  admirer  of Ireland, once crowned her praise of  it nt a parly by saying:  "I think f was meant for r.n Irish-  Avonmn."  "Madam,'' rejoined a Avitty son  of  Erin  avIio    happened    to  bo  present,  "thousands Avould 'brick me un in sf.y-  iine you were, meant for an Irishman."  The  Trouble   Due   to   Nerves  Starved  for   Lack   of  Good   Blood  An eminent medical writer has said  that ''neuralgia is the cry of starved  nerves for better blood." The one  great symptom of this trouble is pain,  fierce, "stabbing pain,, that almost  drives the sufferer frantic. The one  cause is poor blood; the only cure is  to enrich tho blood. Heat applied to  the "inflamed nerves Avill give relief,  but does not cure. Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills furnish the bleod all the needed  elements, and the blood conveys" them  to the nerves. Tho only Avay of getting food or medicine to the nerves is  through tho blood, and the only way  to enrich the blood is through a fair  use of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. In  this Avay neuralgia, sciatica and.other  nerve disorders are promptly cured.,  and the Avhole system benefited and  strengthened. Mrs. M. Glcason, R. R.  iNo. J. Uxbiidge, Ont., avIio Avas a great  sufferer from neuralgia, says: "I suf-  ferred intensely from neuralgia for four  years. My blood Avas thin and I was  completely run doAvn. I suffered intense pain all the time. At different  times I consulted three doctors, but  their treatment did no more than give  me, temporary relief. - Then I tried  diff'crent'mcdicines; hut the result was  the same���������they seemed no good in my  case. I Avas growing steadily Avorse,  and finally could' not leave the house  nor do a bif, of work. The last doctor  I consulted could do nothing for me  but give mo morphine tablets to ease  the pain,"arid by this time I had about  resigned myself to a life of pain. Then  one of Dr. Williams' almanacs came to  our house and- T read of similar cases  cured through the use of Pink Pills. I  got three boxes and before they were  oil gone the pain began to decrense,  and I began to have a better appetite.  By the time I had taken six-boxes J  Avas again a Avell Avoman, and my  neighbors could hardly realize that  such a change could be made in so  short a time. Later I Avas bothered  with eczema and Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills cured me. I have found these*'  Pills Avorth their Avcight in gold anel i  cheerfully recommend them to all who  are ailing."  You can get these Pills from any  medicine 'dealer or by mail at 50 cents  a box or six boxes for $2.50 from Tlie  Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brock-  villc, Ont.  Wifie���������Oh, Tom, look at the lovely  silk stockings I got at a fire sale for  seventeen cents. And not a thing the  matter with them except the feet are  burned off.  Be Bright, Well, Strong,  Restore Youthful looks!  Let your fight for better health be-  giu noAV! Before you feel any Avarn-  ing of pli3-sical collapse," cleanse, and  strengthen and build up your system.  The one remedy for that tired droopy  feeling is Dr. Hamilton's Pills, the  "acknowledged king of all tonic medicines. Thousands of men and Avomen  in the late years of life retain their  youthful looks and feeling simply because they regulate their system Avith  this pld reliable family remedy. Nothing so good for the boAvels, stomach  or kidneys. Cures' headaches, prevents biliousness, stops aching pains  in the back and limbs. Get a 25c box  of Dr. Hamilton's Pills today.  "One of* the rules tor officers of the  King's. Navy reads: 'No officer shall  speak , discouragingly to his mate,  either on the Avateh or at mess, concerning the business on AA'hich he is  or may be engaged.'  Angler (in deep water)���������Help f Help I  I can't SAvitn! - ���������  Country Gentleman (on shore)���������I  can't , either, but I ain't hollerin'  about it.  A Comparison in Casualtie3  In less lhaii tAvo years Germany has  lost in battle over five times as many  soldiers as the Union lost in four years  of the Civil War. " Northern losses  Avere 07,000 killed in battle and 4:3,000  avIio died of wounds, making a total  of 110,000 killed. The German killed  amount to 604,000. Since, tho Kaiser  has only about three times ns large  a population ; to draAv upon us had  Abraham Lincoln, and as he is losing  men in battle over ten times as fast,  the ratio of Germany's daily loss to  population is more than three times  as great as Avas the loss of the North"  efn Stales. But Germany is not allowing so many men to die of .disease as  did the United States. Disease took  199,000 .Union soldiers, of upAvard of  double as many as were taken by Confederate bullets.���������Philadelphia Ledger.  Germany's Infamy  The hideous story of the Wittenberg  Camp is unmatched for filth, cruelty  and horror outside certain descriptions of Carthaginian horrors in Flaubert's "Salarnmbo." There have been  rjfriidies, murders and outrages by  land and sea, but for torture inflicted  Avith systematic callousness and infamy on helpless prisoners there has,  been nothing to touch this record.���������  London Observer. .  Ask for Minard's and take no other.  It is in Demand.���������So great is the  demand for Dr. Thomas' Electris Oil  that a largo factory is kept continually busy making and bottling it. To  be in demand shows popular appreciation of this preparation, which stands  at the head of proprietary compounds  as the leading Oil in the market, and  it is generally admitted that it is  deserving of the lead.  New Icebreaker for Eu������sia  Will Aid in Keeping Open Russia's  Winter  Port  Canada has sold her new giant icebreaker, launched recently from the  yards of the Canadian Vickers, Limited, nt Montreal, to the Russian government.  The vessel will be completed during the coming fall and it is hoped  will be delivered in time to aid in  the Avork of keeping open Russia's  winter port of Archangel.  This is the third Canadian vessel  of the same kind 'to be turned over  by the gove*-nment to the Czar's empire. During the last two years the  ���������Minto and -the Karl Grey have been  similarly disposed of and have been  sent across the sens to enter the  service of Russia. They have clone  effective work and in tho expression  of the Russian government's gratitude for the transfer of the vessels  it was emphasized that they have  been paid for ' their value in my  times over in the facilities they Iiiac  afforded ' for the* landing of cugocs  of munitions. "���������*  Only the uninformed endure the  agonA; of corns. The knowing ones  apply Holloway's Corn Cure and e'e t  relief.    '  Canada's existing over-sea. foieo exceeds bv 00,000 the strength of Ihe  British Army at the outbreak ot Ihe  war.  A Scottish farmer of a miserly disposition bought a horse at a fair, on  the way home he thought a drink of  Avater Avould refresh it, so got a pail  of water; but tho animal Avould not  take it. When he got home, he ordered it a feed of corn; but to his surprise it Avould not touch that, either.  -Wecl, he muttered to himself, if only  I Avas sure ye Avere a guid Avorker,  ve're the verra horse for me.  In tho village of TatAvorth, Somerset, England, the curious custom of  letting a field by auction during the  burning of an inch candle has just  been perpetuated  Old Gotrox���������You Avish to marry my  only daughter. Would you take from  me alV I have to solace me*in my old  age? "   ,. ���������  "Cheeky Suitor���������Oh, no. sir; avc want  you to keep at least $50,000.  Cautious Wife���������Dinna pay the fares  yet, Angus. They may drop a bomb  on us and then you'd have throwp  cood money aAvay.  Conscription of Wealth  Conscription of wealth for the needs  of Avar is no noA'elty in Eng'and. Tho  advisers of Richard H for a time  financed their adventures in France  by the aid,of a poll tax, ingeniously  devised���������in the first experiments���������to  fall upon the richer classes. In 1377  the levy was graduated from" one  groat on the laborer to ������G 13s. 4d. on'  a duke. Judges paid ������5 each; Earls,  countesses, and the, richer-mayors.  ������4; barons, baronets, aldermen, and  large merchants, ������2; knights and mayors of small tiiAvns ������1 down to 3s._4d.  Thus"the"fourteenth'century .Englishmen had evolved a system. by -which  the rich man paid in some instances  as much as 40 to 50 times more.-than  his .poorer neighbor. But the" later  poll tax that Irsd to the Great Revolt  Avas, as AA-e knoAv,- not happy~in ,-the  results. It shed sthe principle "of graduation, and ,"tho number of people  got off Avith a-payment of 4d. or 6d.  Avas comparatiA'ely feAV."���������London  Chronicle.  The Terror of Asthma comes like a  thief in the night with its - dreadful  throttling, robbing its victim of breath.,  It seems beyond the poAver of human  aid to relieve until one trial is made  of-that remarkable preparation, Dr. J.  D. Kcllogg's Asthma Remedy. Then  relief comes Avith a rush. Life becomes  Avorth living; and, if the remedy be  used persistently, the disease is -put  permanently to rout.. Take no substitute.  Someone asked Whistler if he'.wai  acquainted, Avith  King" EdAvard."    He>  said: --���������..,*-    N  ' "No I haA'e not that pleasure."  "But the King says he knoAvs you."  "Oh,   AA'ell,"    responded    Whistler,  "you knoAv he's ahvays bragging."  "Wish to marry my daughter, do  \'OU?    Take my  advice,  don't."  "But Avhy sir?"  "I have noticed evidence of insanity in  her lately."���������  "Good  heavens! What  evidences?"  "She says she Avants to marry you."  Headache is riot; a disease in itself, but comes as a warning to tell  you that there is something wrong  with the system. Consequently when  you stop a headache by the use of  powerful narcotic drugs, you merely  .. stifle the "'danger signal" by which  Nature tells you that there is trouble  ahead. "  rA" starved condition of the nervous s}rstem is by far the most frequent cause of headache. -You may ^  be going too fast a pace and burning*  the candle at both ends. The nervous system has no opportunity to  renew its vigor, and the result is nervous headache, sleeplessness, indigestion and irritability.  Why not select a treatment that  aims to remove the cause of trouble *  by enriching the blood and building  up the starved and exhausted nerves.  Such is Dr. Chase's Nerve Food, and  the effectiveness of this food cure is  so well known that we scarcely need  tell you about it.  . In almost every newspaper you  .will find some cure reported as- a result of using Dr. Chase's Nerve Pood.  The mention of it among your friends  will reveal the fact that nearly everybody knows it as the standard meeii-  cine for diseases of the nerves and  other ailments arising from a watery  condition of the blood.  CO cents a hox, G for $2.50, all dealers, or Ed manson,  Bates &��������� Co., Limited, Toronto. Do not be talked into  accepting a substitute     Imitations dis-*ri*"int  Not onlv the Allies, Great Biitun,  Frcnce and Italy, have adopted the  daylight saving principle, Geitniuy  not to be outdone by them has ilso  been ordered to uut on.the clock'  \-  i  ���������r. Chase's KeclvS Book. 1.00O selected recipe*, cent free it rou ������nWon,������g-j*^,   |^..  ���������  " *- *'   ��������� ^ ���������������������������* * 'r o   **^JysS  VW-.  V  ���������sras iJ.-^-i-vVh^a?;:;*-  ��������� :���������;\ ^V'-'.,-"-'  41J^u..i*vwi������W<tl^'^^.^ul���������UJB".W-t-UiiJ.  ^nfcr'->^-������B-Wi4-3*'W*-������JM-.---������''������'-^^  ??^^.^^  .*,.-.��������� J  ���������*-���������'-: '  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.C.  (1 !  !!  Ee i  li'  m  >���������; i  li  "The Big Store"  General  Merchants  KEREMEOS, B. C.  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of all  kinds, Ditcli' digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing lana, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremeos, B.C.  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year ,.," .'..'.''....'..'���������: ......������2.00  "   (United States)  2.50  Advertising Rates  Measurement, Vi lines to the inch. ,  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, ������1.25 for one insertion, 25 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over one inch,  12 cents per lirre for first insertion and S  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  $1.25; over 1 inch and up to I inches, SI.00  per inch per month. To constant advertisers  taking larger space than four inches, on  application, rates will be given of reduced  charges, based on size of space and length  of time. ;������������������ ���������  Certificate of Improvements'. ������10.00  (Where more than one claim appears  in notice, 8*2.50 for each additional  claim.)  Jas. W. Grier, Publisher.  Hedley, B.C.. July 20, 1916.  " He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me."  There will probably be increased activity in mining in  this camp in the near future.  Several properties have been  examined in the past month for  outside capitalists.'  An exchange heads an article  " Persecution of Cotsworth."  If it is for "righteousness sake"  the impossible has become possible, and Moses B. is an issue  instead of an incident in the  provincial campaign.  Though the cereals come not*,  unto the ripening, though the  root crops wither and decay,  and the fruit and the pumpkin  be cut down with a blight, verily  before the fourteenth day of  the ninth month there shall be  an exceeding great abundance  of justices of the peace, and  their godships shall become a  burden upon- the people, yea,  even as a mighty  shall they be throughout  whole land of bohunk.  pestilence  the  Although it has not yet appeared in the B. C. Gazette, it  is junderstood there will be a  close season for British workmen until the 14th September,  during which time they will be  allowed the same privileges as  bohunks, even on Vancouver  Island, Phoenix, Grand Forks.  Greenwood, the Slocan, and the  Crow districts. At Britannia  Beach the open season continues  the year round, These regulations are subject tej change tit  any time by "order  in council."  Even the whiskey men are  becoming solicitous about tlie  privileges of the worker.*"*. It  appears that the Prohibition  Act will not permit men to get  drunk iu the old way by hoisting a glass at a time until the  desired state of mellowness has  been reached. Under Prohibition the guzzler .will be compelled to "hoist a quart bottle  to his lips, throw his head back  and let the liquid damnation  gurgle down. Very few of the  white workers in the mining  camps drink to excess,'and fully  fifty per cent seldom I ouch  liquor, so the sympathy for !,he  doAvntrodden worker is unnecessary in this cass. It is *aly  in city clubs and di\<*es that  drunkenness is seen. The hotel  keeper who allows slop: y or  boisterous drunks around his  place soon has only those for  his patrons.  The tramp  spellbinder, perhaps the greatest  infliction  of  all postsj   is again  active.    We  can't have an  election, a  booze  war, a strike, the  woolly aphis,  the cut 'worm or the onion maggot in B. C. without  a band of  those     hoot-peddlers     coming  from the East and the South to  tell us all about it.    Prohibition  appears to be  the  cause of the  present affliction.   A few weeks  ago  J.   W.   Bengough   of   Toronto was in  the  province, although it is not on record that  "Toronto the saintly"' ha*s voted  for prohibition or local option.  It is a 10 to 1 bet that Bengough  auctioned his  cartoons without  a license and pocketed the proceeds of the  sales.    This  week  we had a Wihnipegerhere.'. His  principal  excuse   for inflicting  himself oh B. C. is  that he-.was  a   labor   candidate  at the last  Manitoba election, and although  defeated wasn't the lowest vote  getter among the "also  rans."  Manitoba has  had  prohibition  tAvo months.    Surely we in this  province should be able to judge  the liquor business  by  contact  or personal experience.-.  As to  the evils of its abuse  there can  be   no   argument.      Its   abuse  would   be    impossible    if    the  manufacture   and   importation  were prohibited, therefore any  but federal legislation can only  be  a' half  measure.    The proposed provincial prohibition act  is as far-reaching  *is  any provincial legislation  can be,  and  satisfy the  temperance people,  without antagonizing the liquor  interests.    It is class legislation.  Abolish the bar  and, introduce  the bottle.    It  is, a  politician's  game���������take.the  booze  out   of  the  hotel and place   it  in  the  home and  the  club.    The electors have to decide which is the  lesser evil, the bar or the bottle;  which will be the more liikely to  make  drunkards,   and  loafers,  and bums,  and  tramps.     It is  Hobson's choice.    And they call  it "prohibition."    As an act, the  purpose of which  is  to  lessen  the liquor evil, it-is an insult to  the intelligence of the electors,  and can only be regarded as the  forlorne   hope  of a discredited  politician,  the last   bet  of .the  political  gambler   for   another  chauce at the public treasury.  They Need the Weed.  Among the. papers left by  Richard Harding Davis, the  brilliant American war correspondent and author, his brother  discovered the following message; written apparently a few  days previous to his death:  " Men at home who breathe  tobacco smoke as freely as they  breathe air, cannot know how  much tobacco means to the man  in the trenches, or rather how  much the loss of it means. During the Spanish-American war,  in the U. S. Army regulations  tobacco was officially classed as  'Officers' Supplies.' It was considered a luxury.  "When I cabled from Cuba  that our soldiers in Cuba needed  tobacco, my appeal Avas ridiculed and I was asked if our  soldiers did not also want silk  pyjamas and eau-de-cologne.  The man who had never gone  without tobacco, and who could  fill his pouch or case at tlie  street corner, still thought tobacco a luxury.  "It was Sir Frederick Treves,  during the South African war,  who made people understand  that for the soldiers tobacco  was a necessity. -A man can  hunger, he can suffer cold, fatigue and wounds; these things  he can endure if he can smoke.  "I have been a looker-on on  on seven wars and 1 find it so  with  each of them, and with  men of all races. Give them to  bacco and there is: no hardship  that they will riot cheerfully  suffer. So with the purpose of  your fund 1/ for one, am,heartily in accord.  "If the glurious record of the  Canadian troops has been made  on short rations of tobacco, we  may feel confident that well  supplied with it they will in a  short time be in Berlin."  The above is the testimony of  a man who has been through  seven wars, and who himself  knows personally a soldier's  needs. Comment is unnecessary.  Hedley's Contingent   t  Following is the list of the men avIio  have gone to the   front   from Hedley.  The   Gazette   puhlishes   them in  the  hope that our- readers will  not   fail to  remember these brave felloAvs Avho are  fighting   our   battles   for   us.    Write  them a letter occasionally   to let them  knoAv   you   are   keeping "The   Home  Fires    Burning. '   Addresses     gladly  furnished on request.  Pte. Sid Edwards (Killed  in Action)  L. C, Blair Mills (Killed  in Action)  Pte. W. Fullmer  "   .7. Staploton  "   J. Frame  "   Tom Corrigein  " Ebenzer Vans, (Died in Hospital)  "   Roy Corrigan  "   N. B. Ewart  "   Bobby Robertson  "   Jack HoAve  "   Dein Dev-me  "   Dan Dolleniore  "   J, T. N. Hepper  For stomacn  and Bowel Trouble  fiedleu DruQ & Book Store  Hedlesy, B. C  "   Arthur Coles ,  "   Bert Schubeifc  Corp.    Frank Dolleniore  ���������������:���������' M. J.-Metier, (Yen kie)  L.-Corp. T., C. KnoAvles  Pte. Rod McDougall  "   R. James  "   M. H. L. Jacomhs     r  ���������'   E. J. Rotherham  "   Arthur Freeman  "   C. Christiana  "   J. Corrigan  Gunner Chas. Seiunders  Pte. A. P. Martin  Sergeant A. W. Jack  Pte. T. Calvert  "   W. Liddicott  "   George Boxall  "   W. Tucker  "   Fred Beck  2nd Lieut. A. E. Denman  Pte. J. Mc.Clintock  "    A. B. S. Stanley1  "    Homer McLean.  Pioneer Nick Pickard.  WOMENS' INSTITUTE  FLOWER   SHOW  KEREMEOS    HALL  Friday, August 25th, 1916  RULES   AND   REGULATIONS  ��������� Entries for each competition will be free to members of the Institute and  children; 50 cents will be charged for all other exhibitions.  Entries will be made and exhibits receiA-ed on Thursday, August 24th,  between 7 and 9 a.'m., and on Friday morning until 10:30 a.m.  In the absence of competition in any section, or if the,articles-exhibited  be of inferior quality, the judges are instructed to aAvard only such premiums  as they think the articles deserving of.  There must be three entries or no second prize will be awarded.  The exhibition will be open to the public from 3 p.m. to 10 p.m.   '  Refreshments will be served,during the afternoou.  By "display" is meant any number of sprays or blossoms of the variety exhibited, arranged Avith or Avithout foliage,- to the best advantage.  By "collection" is meant a uniform number of, each variety, arranged  separately A\'ithout foliage.  OFFICERS  President. ,  Vice-President   Secretary-Treasurer   Directors ..'.   ..Mrs. Frank   Stanton  . Mrs. E. M. Daly '  ... .Mrs. G. G. Keeler  ("Mrs. J. W. Armstrong  ' Mrs.   George   Christie  Mrs.* Harold  Quant  "1  PRIZE   LIST.  ''.'-,'.'" - ���������    First  Best Display Roses.,..'.'. .........  $3 00  Best Display Dahlias... I................   3 00  Best Collection   SAveet Peas.. .-.* '...  3 00  Best Display Gladioli  1 ............   3 00  Best Window Box   '.   3 00  Best Collection House Plants  .  3 00  Best Collection Pansies, First Prize Special by Mrs. R. C. Clarke 2 00  Best Display Carnations  . 2 00  Best Display Asters.    2 00  Best Display Cut Geraniums   2 00  Best Display Sweet  Peas.     .........  1 50  Best Display  Pansies   1 50  Best Display Stocks   1 50  Best Display Nasturtiums ���������   1 50  Best Display Pinks ..'..  1 SO  Best Display Hydrangea   1 50  Best Display Honeysuckle   1 50  Best Display Hollyhocks   1 00  Best Display Wallflowers    1 00  Best Display Canterbury Bells    1 00  Best Display Poppies    1 00  Best Display  Petunias   1 00  Best Display Verbenas    1  00  Best Display Chrysanthetnum   1 00  Best Display Phlox   1 50  Best Display Snapdragon    1 00  Best Display Zinnias   1 00  Best Display Balsam ....  1 00  Best Tavo Heads of SunfloAvers    1 00  Best Display  Salpiglossis.    1 00  Best Display Cosmos    1 00  SPECIAL   PRIZES.  Best Table Bouquet    1  50  Most Artistically Arranged Basket of Garden Flowers    1 50  Largest Number of Prizes   2 00  Largest Number of Entries          2 00  Second  $2 00  ���������     2 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  ���������   1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  50  50  50  .50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  CHILDREN'S    PRIZES.  Best Bouquet of Wild Flowers gathered by Boys under 16 years 1' 00  Best Bouquet of Wild FloAvers gathered by Girl under 16 years 1 00  Best  Bouquet  of Garden   Flowers  groAvn   and  arranged by  Child under 16 years   1 50  50  50  50  ma  rledley Traflino 60,  Economy  ������. Z. Seal  A  full  line  of all  sizes; alscf  Extra Tops and Rubbers.  New Perfection Gil stove;  Still a Few Left.  Hedley Traflino 60. Ltd  HEDLEY GAZETTE  JOB DEPARTMENT  WHEN YOU ARE IN  Letterheads  Billheads "  Envelopes  .  Statements  Meal Tickets  Milk Tickets  Ball Programs  Posters  TRY US == WE  NEED OF-  Dodgers,- Dates  Circulars "  Invitations  Business Cards  Bills of Fare  Memo Heads  Butter Wrappers  Visiting Cards  GIVE SATISFACTION  Dates of Fall Fairs  The department of agriculture* has  issued the following fall fair dates for  season 1916:  CIRCUIT 3  .....  ......Sept.  13-15  .................Sept. 15  CliilHwack..  Alelergrove.  Matsqui......  Langley.  Richmond..  Richmond ..  Bin-qiutlam.  .Sept  .Sept  .Sept  .Sept  10  19  19  20  .Sept 21  CIRCUIT 4  Barriere.. Sept 13  Hefley Creek..........    ... Sept 1415  Piitchard..... R.ept   19  Kamloops...  .Sept 20 22  Salmon A.rrri..  .Sept 22-23  Kc-loAvmi ."-.'... Sept 26-20  Ann strong .'. Sept 28-2  Eagle River- (MeiliikAva)  .Oet 3  CIRCUIT 5  Gateway        ��������� ������������������ ������������������ Sept 5  Cranbrook    ....    Sept 6-7  Windermere  .Sept 12-13  Golden : '. Sept 15  Fruitvule Sept 18  Trail Sept 19-2(1  Nelson  20 22  Bosvvell  .Sept 22  Grand Forks Sept 25-26  Greenwood Sept 27  CIRCUIT 0  Revelstoke. Sept 21 22  Robson     Sept 25  Slocan City   Sept 20  NeAV Denver  Sept 27-28  Burton  Sept 30  Needles Oct 3-4  Arrow Lake (Nakusp) Oct 4 5  Cri'ston  .Oct 7  CIRCUIT 7  Nicola Oct 0  Penticton... ....Oct 9-10  Summeiland Oct 11-12  Kalamalka (Oyam.-i)  Oct 14  60   YEARS  EXPERIENCE  Tlie Nickel Pia1  BarDerSiioD  SATISFACTORY, SANITARY.  TONSORIAL SERVI*]  This shop it equipped with  Baths and all the latest  Electrical  Appliances.  W.T.BUTLER, -  Fro!  PAINTING  PflPER-flflNGING  KflLSOMINW  TERMS MODERATE  DALY AVE.   -   -   tVEDLEY,B.(  Trade Mark?  De-signs  Copyrights &c  Anyone sending n sketch nnd description may  ���������julctely ascertain orrr opinion free whether ail  Invention Is p-obably patentable. Communications strictly confidential. HANDBOOK on Patent*  sent free. Oldest agency for securing: patents.  Patents taken thronph Mann & Co. receive  special notice, without chnrgo, la the  A handsomely illustrated weekly.  Largest clr-  Torrcs, f 3 a  oulatlon of any scientific journal.     . ���������   7ear: four months, fl. Bold by all newsdealers.  MM & Co.36iBroa-,wa"' New York  Branch Office*-. 6% F St- AVaebloyton. V. 0.  Synopsis of Coal Mining- RegulatJ  pOAL mining rights of tho Dominion  ^ Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Albe]  tho Yukon Torritory, the North-Avest Tl  toriesand in a portion of tiro Provinoo of I  tish Columbia, mny bo leased for a tornl  twenty-one yours at an annual rental of ar  acre. Not moro than 2,560 ucros wi bo lelj  to ono applicant.  Application for a lceiso must bo nrado byj  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-A/f  of the district itr which tho rights applioa  aro situated.  . In surveyed territory the land must bo (  cribod by sections, or legal sub-diA'isioiiij  sections, and iir unsurvoycel territory the tj  applied for shall bo staked out ��������� the applici  himself.  Kach application must bo eiccompanied ,  ftc of ������5 which will be refunded if the rie  applied for aro not available, but not otS  wise.   A royalty shall bo paid on the merchif  able output of the inino at the rate of Ave ccf  pot* ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnl  the Agcirt with sworn returns accounting i  tho full quantity of merchantable mill  and peiy tho royalty thereon.   I coal i  ing rights aro not being operated sir     rotulj  should be furnished <it ioast onco a year.  Tho lease will include the coal mining i  only, but tho lessee may be pormittea to ii  chase whatever availablo surfaco rights a!  be considered neconsary for tbo working of (  mine at the rnto of ?I0.00 an noro  For full information application should li  nrado to tho Seerrotary of tho Department ol  tho Interior. Ottawa, or*, n airy AgontTor Sub  Agent of Dominion Lauds.  W. W. CJORY,  Dopnty Minister of tho Interior  N.B.-L'nauthorized publicati  tiaomont will not be paid for.  this advo <  06m


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