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The Hedley Gazette Jan 25, 1917

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 ���������?f(*,---..T'r..  mwimmtWmm  mmiim������  '������������������T"  Volumb XIII.   ��������� Number 1.  HEDLEY, B.C., THURSDAY, JANUARY 25,  1917.  $2.00, In Advance  ;\  i -  1  l  /  JflS. CLARKE.  \A/&tohma'k.^i*  HEDLEY, B. C3.  ClOGks and WatGhes for Sale.  Travel by Auto...  Call up .'Phone No. 12  ir a  good stock" of Horses and Bigs on  Hand. ' IT Orders for Teaming  promptly attended to.  WOOD   FOR   SALE!  PALACE  yvery. Feed & Sale Stables  Phono 12.  ���������HEDLEY   B.C.  D. J. INNIS  Proprietor  N. Thomps n phone sevmouk 5913  MQR. WESTERN CANADA  Cammell Laird & Co. Ltd.  ,.'*', Steel Manufacturers  .Sheffield," Ehg.  , Offices and Warehouse, 847-63 Beattiy Streot  ..  .���������     '' Vancouver, B. C  THE     MINISTER     OF     FINANCE  REQUESTS  THE PEOPLE OF CANADA TO  BEGIN NOW      p ���������  TO   SAVE    MONEY    FOR   THE  NEXT WAR LOAN  JAN. ������.   ISI7  DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE  OTTAWA  R. F������. BROWIN  "I, . British Columbia Land Surveyor  "Tel. No. 27  P. O. Dkawkk 100  PENTICTON,  B. C.  KEREMEOS STEMS.  P. W. GREGORY  " < aaa^aa  CIVIL  ENGINEER and BRITISH  COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building  Princeton  WALTER CLAYTON  CLAYTON &MSK1NS  Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.  -MONEY TO  LOAN  PENTICTON,  B. C.  DR. J. L. MASTERS  DENTIST.  "OFFICE IN COVERT'BLOCK.  Oroville,  Wash  * Grand Union I  Hotel  HEDLEY,  British Columbia  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  of Liquor and Cigars  A.  WINKLER,     Proprietor.  ���������w  OtK<*K*'*KXttK*tt'*'������BW>^tUtK*Ctttt  HEDLEY MEAT  MARKET un  ,   The townspeople finished putting up their-ice last week.  Mrs. G. B. Clarke entertained  a few of her friends at a luncheon on Saturday.  We are sorry to report that  Mrs. Wallace of Olalla is confined to her bed again.  Mr.- Chamberlain of Victoria  will be in charge of the new  customs office at Similkameen.-  Mr. and  Mrs. L. A. Clarke of  c. e. haskinr Green mountain were guests of  their daughter, Mrs. D. J. Innis,  last week.  Mrs. R. W. Bo wen returned  home on ��������� Monday's train after  visiting for a month *with her  sister in Vancouver.  Mrs. W. J. Forbes of Hedley  motored down one- day last  week and spent tho' day with  her sister, Mrs. Innis. '  Messrs. Dick Cawston, N. Sinclair and J. Tailor, Jr., of Cawston attended the carnival held  here on Friday night.  Mrs.   E.   W.  Condit  Horn    Silver    mine,    Similka  meen,  is  spending  a. few days  visiting with  Mrs. QarmiehaeL  The many friends of Mr. and  Mrs. W. M. Frith will be sorry  to learn that they will leave for  Princeton the first of February,  where Mr. Frith will be customs  inspector.  China New Year began on  Monday. Almost every house  in town was presented with a  sack of nuts and 'fire crackers.  Many visited Chinatown and  were treated to nuts and all  kinds of Chinese candy.  The monthly meeting of tho  W. M. S. was held at the home  of Mrs. G. B. 'Clarke Thursday  afternoon. A very enjoyable  meeting was held. After the  general routine business,- refreshments were served by the  hostess.  the names of the boys who have  enlisted from this part of the  valley will be unveiled. Rev.  A. H. Cameron will conduct the  service, assisted by Rev. Frank  Stanton. Very special interest  attaches to .this service and it  is hoped that mauy will be  present. A special choir will be  in attendance.  The hockey match played  here oi) Saturday last between  the Keremeos .Boy Scouts and  Hedley was certainly very exciting, both sides playing well.  Our star player, Geo. Kirby,  better known as ,Trapper, sure  did excellent work. The score  was 4-3 in favor of tho home  team. ' W������������������ hope there will be a  better -attendance next time."  wo must. r^Tiember that the  boys who' are" playing- now will  in the- netiv future be the men  of our tov/n, and if we show an  interest fin what they do in  their evaryday life it helps to  encourage* them in everything  they undertake.  eminent doesn't build wagon  roads to all their workings; in  the U. S. A. they build their  own wagon roads or go without. . They kick on the taxes,  the air, the water, the sunshine,  the wages, and the government  for not shooting workingmen  who think occasionally.  -*������  All kinds of.fresh aud  cured meats always on  hand. Fresh Fish on  sale   every   Thursday.  R. J. EDMOND, Prop.  ���������J  GREAT  NORTHERN  HOTEL  HEDLEY B.C.  Bar and Table the Best.   Rates Moderate  First Class Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor.  A dance will be held in the  town hall on Friday night,  January 28th, in honor of Mr.  and Mrs. W. M. Frith, who will  leave shortly for Princeton,  where they will make their  home. We hope to see a good  attendance of their manv  friends.  The carnival held at the rink  last Friday night was well attended both by skaters- and  spectators. Some very comical  costumes were worn, all being  locally designed. The ice was  in splendid condition and everybody having a general good  time. Coffee, sandwiches and  cake were served, the proceeds  amounting to $17, which will be  sent to the Prisoners of War  fund.  A patriotic service will be held  in the Keremeos church next  Sunday, January 28th, at 11 a.  m.   The Honor Roll .containing:  A Healthy Annual.  "��������� British Columbia  would do  well to 'remember that develop-  ���������     .      nient of its mining resources to  I'wn'lL-n    fc*ie Presenfc satisfactory stage  urn    n_ jjag been brought about, almost  wholly, by aliens from this side  of the line."���������Northwest   Mining Truth.  Tbis is an annual with which  all-old-timers in B. C are quite  ���������familiar. As a matter of fact  very few of the mines of B. C.  were placed on a paying basis  by American ^pital. - Americans ,have made more money  in manipulating- mining stocks  than in mining. They are the  worst kind of "c ("uitters."  The .'��������� promote"*.".*, of the Knob  Hill and Ironsidies was on the  hog- when Min������r. of Granby,  Quebec, invested his money and  made the Gran by ������30mpai.*y. Unfortunately Mr. Miiier, when  saving the conc-erji from bankruptcy, didn't insist <������n acon-  troling interest.  The B. C. Copper company's  holdings shouldf loing ago have  been confiscated by ������he government.  The .owners of Cariboo, Camp  McKiimey, wero quitter's.  The Winnipeg and* Golden  were "skin" promotions.  Spokan became a city fch rough  Rossland stocks. Canadian and  British capital has made*Ross-  land a great producing caijj'P-  Deep level development in  the  Slocan was not  by America ns.  While credit is due to Am������ '-'i-  can prospectors for discowriit, ig  the mineral   wealth of Buitias, b  Columbia,    and    to   pr������niWB<iejr������, i  who first  brought its Eesouaree*  to the notice of inve������toi*Sj. fefea  facts are that Americaus>nev������np,  do a dollar's worth* ofe develop>->J  ment unless there is a>������ hundred^  dollars worth  of  ore- in. sight J  They    don't    " ctovelkp.:'   they'  " nnload."    They do a,: thousands  dollars worth of. FOwr.th-of July "  shouting for every   dollar   invested.   They kick. i������ tlie gov- ���������  Connty L. O. L.  The annual meeting of Similkameen County L. O. L. was  hold in the Orange hall, Hedley,  Thursday evening. There was  a good attendance from all  parts of the county. The Lodge  was opened by D. McCurdy,  county master, and routine business transacted, after which the  following officers were elected  arid installed : ��������� -  County Master���������II. B. Meau-  sette, Princeton.  Deputy County Master���������J.  Jamieson,1 Hedley.  Chaplain���������E. Mills, Keremeos  Treasurer-I). McCurdy. Similkameen.  Secretary ��������� S. R. Gibson,  Princeton.  D. of C.���������A. J. King, Hedloy.  A banquet was held after closing tho County Lodge, after  which the Royal Scarlet Chapter was opened and several advanced to that degree.  Woodmen Install Officers.  Following are the officers for  1917.of Nickel Plate Camp, No.  15602, Modern Woodmen of  America:  Venerable  Consul���������A.  Clare.  Esteemed Past Consul���������E. E.  Burr,  Worthy Adviser-T. R. Willey  Excellent Banker���������G. Mc-  Eachern.  Clerk���������J. Smith.  Escort���������F. Beutley.  Watchman���������H. E. Hanson.  Sentry���������R. Clare.  Managers���������E. E. Burr, 11. E.  Hanson and J. Wirth.  The Camp meets third Thursday in each month at 8 p. m. in  Fraternity hall.  Hospital Animal Meeting.  The Annual General Meeting  of the Hedley General Hospital  Society will be held in Fraternity Hall on Tuesday, January  30th, 1917, at 8 p. m.  The  Annual  Reports will be  presented and Directors elected  it'or the ensuing year.  F. H. French, Secretary.  Officer Murphy was hailed at  a street crossing in a large city  by an old lady who asked: "Con-  , stable-, will it kill me if I put  my foot on the electric car  rails ?"  "On, no. mum," answered the  offtcer, -"ave ye don't put the  oth^r fut on the overhead wire."  It is reported that Jim  Wilktls will run for the vacant  legislative seat in Newcastle  riding. Jim has been starting,  running or trotting for twenty-  five yeaas, but has never yet  won a heat. He says too little  I while talking too much.  TOWN AND DISTRICT  R. S. Collin has been laid up  with the grip for.thc past week.  W. A. Haining was brought up  from Similkameen Tuesday to  the hospital.  Mr. rnd Mrs. Baxter left for  their home at Moose Jaw, Sask.,  Friday last.  Residents of Hedley have  been busy putting up ice for the  past two weeks.  , For Rent���������An Oliver Typewriter. Apply P. 0. Box 55, or  at Gazette office.  Miss Avonia. Jones left Monday last to resume her musical  studies in Vancouver.  J. and Mrs. Donovan left Friday last for Princeton where  they will reside in future;  The hospital annual benefit  ball tomorrow evening, 26th  inst. Tickets, including supper,  $1 each.  Thos. Knowles and Doc. Mar- ���������  tin have been promoted to sergeants in Canada's crack regiment, the 54th.    Both are Hedley buys.  The Hedley junior hockey  team went to Keremeos Saturday afternoon and were defeated 4-3 by the juniors of the  orchard town.  E. E. Burr returned from Calgary Friday last, bringing his  brother with him as far as  Princeton for treatment in the  hospital there.  ' Among those who attended  the County Orange Lodge from  Princeton Thursday night were  Perley Russell. E. S. Silcox, H.  H. Avery, S. R. Gibson and H.  B. Mnnsette.  The Hedley and Nickel Pluto  contributions to the Patriotic  Fund in 1916 amounted to  ���������slightly over $9,000. The list  will be published as soon as we  have space to spare for it.  R. Humbly of the Nickel Plate  mine returned from the south  yesterday, where he had been  called on account of the serious  illness of his son, whom he left  on a fair way to recovery.  The heaviest fall of snow in  Hedley since the camp was discovered occurred Tuesday night,  about ten inches of loose snow.  The postmaster bought a snow  shovel during the excitement  Wednesday morning. He may  use it on future occasions.  P. Eaton fell down an incline  and shaft, about forty feet in  all, at the Nickel Plate mine  yesterday. His hip bone was  broken, and he was badly  bruised. If he has not received  internal injuries he will come  through all right. Ho is in the  local hospital.  Will Work the Oregon  F. II. French returned from  the coast Saturday where he  was consulting with his partners in reference to resuming  development work on -the Oregon mineral claim.  It was decided to continue the  tunnel, now in 130 feet, for another 75 or 100 feet, aud then  upraise to the surface, Tho  tunnel will give a vertical depth  of nearly one hundred feet on  the ore body. Mr. French is  advertising for tenders for the  work in this issue.  Mr. French stated that there  is no difficulty in getting money  at the coast for development  purposes  It is hoped that the work on  the Oregon will prove the beginning of mining activity due  in this camp."  Tenders for Tunneling.  Tenders will be received up to  Saturday, 27th January, 1917,  for driving 75 or 100 feet of  tunnel on the Oregon mineral  claim. Particulars may be obtained from the undersigned.  F. H. French.  X.::.;..���������---f\ V  the    gazette,    hedley,    b.   a  QjjLcker~E as i er  More Comfortable  Are you taking advantage of ALL the modern methods  of saving time and trouble ? Are you up-to-date In your  shaving as well as In your work?    Are you using a  Safe&>-  Razor  In its own way the Gillette ��������� is as quick, efficient and    -  convenient as your milker, your binder or your telephone.'  It compares with other razors as these modern inventions  compare with   the things  they have replaced.  Without honing, stropping  or fussing, the Gillette will  give you the easiest and  most comfortable shave  you ever enjoyed, in five  minutes or less! It- makes  shaving an every-day  pleasure instead of an irksome twice-a-week job.  "Bulldog", "Aristocrat"  and Standard Gillette Sets;  cost $5.���������Pocket Editions  Combination Sets $6.50 ud.  You can buy them at Hardware, Drug, Jewelry,  Men's Wear and General Stores.  Gillette Safely Razor Co. ol Canada, Limited    1  Waste in England  At _ home the government has to  practice economy and enforce il. Its  reduced rate of ex]>cnditurc on the  army is, as wc have said, a good sign  of good management, but we hear  many examples of the wasteful use  made of men who have been added  to thc vast numbers of people who  muddle away their time doing nothing save sign an occasional form.  The railways cut down trains for  business men and maintain those  used by ladies bent on shopping and  matinees. There is still an enormous  amount of wasted energy and wasted  money going into thc wrong tilings.  ���������London Economist.  siitiiiiijsjii  ,       HuMly and Quickly Cured wnxi  EGYPTIAN LINIMENT  For Sale by All Dealers  I>ocola������ & Co.. Prop'is. Napmmee. Oat  ���������j^JORONTO.oKr-^  Has been Canada's "favorite yeaat for oyer a*  quarter of a conturv. Broad baked with Royal  Yoast will keep fresh and moist longer than that  made with any other, so that a full week'* supply  can easily bo made at one baking:, and the,lest  loaf will be Just as frood ������xs the first.  MADE  IN CANADA '  E.WG1LLETT COMPANY* UMFTED  Winnipeg.   TORONTO,  OIST.   montreai.  She: When we arc married 1 will  never see you coming home at 2 in  the morning, will I?  He: Not if you arc a heavy, sleeper,  dear.  Following-- Family Traditions  A Democratic Princess Who Did Not  Mind a Little Task  Evidently English Princesses arc  still accustomed to" doing little things  for\themselves    without feeling  that  they lose prestige thereby, for Prin-  ^tiu^V^S������������������1*  Tactful Sergeant  At a party one evening a very-pret*  .ty young girl said', to him: A'Oh;-. Mr.  Sergeant, I saw your latest painting  and kissed it .because 'it was so much  like you." '  '     \  "And   did  it kiss  you in  return?"  said  Precaution  "Did you  tell .her    what  you  was  strictly in confidence?"  "No;  1 didn't want her to think it  was important enough to" repeal."  Recognized as the leading specific  for thc destruction of worms, Mother  Graves' Worm Exterminator has  proved a boon to suffering children  everywhere,    it seldom fails.  Opportunity and Time  "Man,"' says Disraeli, "should  think of opportunities, not of' lime."  Yet if men would think more of thc  length of time they, are liable to get  by thinking of their opportunities  and taking advantage of them, it  would be_ better for a good many  bank cashiers.  "How distressing it must be when  ���������..     r       ,,. a tinge'' realizes that she has lost her  I he first Hung a woman does after voice!  a man caller has f?onc is to look    at!     "Yes, but how much more dislres'--  herself in thc glass. ing it is when she doesn't realize it."  Help for Asthma.���������Neglect gives  asthma a great advantage. Thc trouble, once it has secured a foothold,  fastens its grip on thc bronchial pis-  sages tenaciously. Dr. J. D. Kel-  logg's Asthma Remedy is daily curing cases of asthma of long standing.  Years of suffering, however, might  have been prevented had the remedy  been used when the trouble was in  its first stages. Do not neglect asthma, but use this preparation at once.  Hatching Eggs in China  The Chinese in thc neighborhood  of Amoy have a curious way or  hatching hens' and ducks', eggs. The  breeder roasts a quantity of unhusk-"  ed rice, and when it is lukewarm  spreads a three-inch layer of it in a  wooden tub, and places about one  hundred eggs thereon; then he  spreads another layer of rice over  thc eggs. Each tub has six layers  of rice and five layers of eggs, so  that there are five hundred eggs in  each tub. Once every twenty-four  hours the eggs are taken out and the  rice reheated. - When the eggs  again put into thc rice, those that  formed the bottom layer are placed  on top. The chicks ��������� and ducklings  hatch in from twenty to thirty days.  ���������Youth's  Companion.  cess Patricia, as she,rose from lun  chcon recently, pushed hack her own  chair, and, of course, quitr U'uconsci-  ously brought back to the minds of  those who saw the little act that the  story told of her aunt, the Princess  Royal, who found the verbotens of  the German Court "'very irksome  when, as the wife of Crown Prince  Frederick, she fell under their yoke.  Happening to want some chairs moved into her nursery one das', she carried them herself. Later, when called to account for such an astounding  forgctfulncss of Royal dignity, the'  Princess replied that she had often  seen her' mother move chairs, and  what the Queen of* England did she  thought coulH safely be done' by.a  mere German Princess.  Why, no",'of course notl" 'was the  astonished reply. '        '  "Then,", said .Mr. Sergeant, smilingly, "it was not like mc."   -  Minard's Liniment' Cures Colds, &c,  ���������:���������������������������������������������������������������   ��������� i _-- ���������  Coal Enough  According to the International  Geological Congress, there is coal  enough yct'unmined to last the world  nearly six thousand- ,ycars at ' the  present fate'of consumption. . There  is a reserve of unfnincd,, coabestimated at 7,398,561,000,000 tonsT" This  does not of course take note of the  coal deposits in'the Antarctic -and  Arctic polar regions, which are possibly very large.  -        ,'  Doctor Tells How to Strengthen >  Eyesight 50 per cent. In One  Week's Time in Many Instances  A   Free   Prescription   You   Can   Have   Pilled   folio win*, the simple rules... Here is ths ���������*���������������-  and  Use  ������t  Home I scription:   Go   to   any  active  draft* store' and  LONDON���������Do   you   w������r. glasses?      Aw! fS���������'V������SSt^fci������B?o"0-B-:/* SS*"**    **?> ������-#  yen a victim of eve strata or other eve WMv.    JJon-Opto   tablet   in   a   fourth   ol   a   EMM   of  ���������***.������?      If  fo, Ton   w������l   be   fflad   to   know 'V^^t *IW. to di*u?1*^ . With-thiVliim.J  that according to ������>r   Lewis tier.fa real hot������i b?thfJthe "*?-"* two to four. t5jnc" AM''     h5*  tr.r ���������....      y.i.....  _"__._-:"- ""���������    , ..     aovK   should  notice  your eye* cJear  up  perceptibly.  right   from   the   start   and   inflammation   wiM  quickly  disappear.     If your  eye*  are  bother.  "ng   yon,   even   a   little,   take   steps   to   tare  HARD WORKING WOMEN  Low Prices of Rubbers and Overshoes  Due  to  Britain's  Control  of, Situation  Here in Canada many of us hav-e fallen into the:  truly Anglo-Saxon habit of considering the " Mother'  of Parliaments " slow and a bit behind the times. The  present price of rubber, when its cause is revealed,  affords one of the many.proofs that such ah opinion  is away oft' the mark.  , Thanks to great, rubber plantations established, in  the face of criticism and ridicule, many years before  in her tropical Dominions, Great Britain at the outbreak of war held a firm and tightening grip on the  world's supply of raw rubber���������a grip reinforced by her  dominating navy. From 60% in 1914, the production  of these plantations has. grown this year to 75% of  the whole world's output, leaving only about half the  requirements of the United States alone to come from  all other sources.  The result has been that the needs of the Allies,-  enormous though they arc, have been plentifully supplied, while Germany has been reduced to registered  mails and the " Deutschland " in desperate attempts  to mitigate her rubber famine. Neutrals have been  allowed all the rubber they want, at prices actually  lower than before the war, so long as they prevent  any of it from* reaching the enemy, while Canada and  other parts of the Empire have an abundant supply At  equally favorable Government regulated prices.  ~. 7n. th!? foresteut and generosity of the British Government lies the reason why rubber alone, of all the great staples,  has not gone up m price���������why rubber boots, rubbers and  overshoes are as inexpensive as ever, while.leather shoes are '  costing several dollars a pair more. Wearing- rubbers or overshoes through this winter to protect these expensive shoes,  or rubber farm shoes to replace them, is more than practical  thrift���������it is grateful patriotism, for in thus saving leather  we make it easier fdr the Government to secure the absolutely-  necessary supplies of this alarmingly scarce material fop  our soldiers. ��������� '  Both Thrift and Patriotism Point to Rubbers?  Will   Find    New   Strength   Through  the Use of Dr.  Williams'  Pink Pills  It is useless to tell a hard working  woman lo tatce lite easily and hoc io  worry',    .every \voinan ai me Head oi  a  home;  every  gin  in  oiuccb,   snopi>  auci lactones is suujected to more oi  lets  worry,    'iuese cannot  be  avoided.    JBut il is the duty oi every woman    and    every    girl to save    her  strengtn as muen as possible, and to  build up her system to meet unusual  demands.      Her    future    health    depends  upon it.     To  guard against a  breakdown in health  the blood must*  he kept rich, red and pure,    'lo keep  -the   blood  in   this   condition  nothing  can   equal  Dr.   Williams'   l'ink   Pills.  They  strengthen   the  nerves,  restore  thc appetile, bring thc glow of health  to pallid checks, and renewed energy  to listless people.      Women    cannot  always     rest when  they should,   but  they can keep up their strength and  keep away disease by the occasional  use of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.    Airs.  N.     E.... Tompsctt,     Ottawa,     Ont,,  writes: "For several years, I suffered  terribly from   ^nervous debility   - and  was-scarcely able t'odo a thing.   During   that,   time  I     consulted  several  doctors, and many medicines without  getting    any help,    and I    began to  think that I would never get better.  One  day  I   saw  Dr.  Williams'   Pink  Pills     advertised'   and     thought     I  would   try  them.     After  taking   four  boxes I was much better, but. I continued    using    the  pills   for    several  months when I was again in the best  of health.    When I began taking the  pills     I  weighed    only    100 pounds. I  While  under  their  use  with-my   re-j  newed health I now weigh 140.    I re-'  commend Dr. Williams' Pink Pills to  everyone whom I know to be ailing."  You    can get Dr.    Williams'  Pink  Pills from any dealer in medicine, or  by   mail   at   50   cents   a   box,   or   six  boxes   for $2.50  from   The  Dr.   Williams' Medicine Co., "Rrockvillc,  Ont.  *ZT y2U'     Many   whose  eyes  were   failing  ������ay  tney hare'had their eyes restored through the   ��������� RrM,c,P'c   of   'h's   wonderful   free  prescription.  are I r,*?e.man "X3- after trying it: "I was almost  mmd;  cou|d  not see  to rcad at ^     Now  j  can read everything without any glasses and  *ny e>es do not water any more. At night  tney would pain dieadfully; now they ieel  nne( all the time. It waa like a miracle o  tne. A lady who used it says: "The atmosphere seemed ha*y with or without glasses,  but after using; this prescription for fifteen  days everything'seems clear. I can even read  fine print without glasses." It is believed  j thousands who wear glasses can now discard them in a reasonable time and multitudes  more will be able to strengthen their eyes  so as to be spared the trouble and expense of  ever getting glasses. Eye troubles of many  descriptions may  be wonderfully  benefited by  them now before it is too lata.     Many hopelessly blind might, have been saved if they turf  cared for their eyes in time. ,    '  .  Note: Another prominent PhysicSn M  whom the above article was submitted, said:  "Bon-Opto. is a very remarkable remedy. Itsj  constituent ingredients lire well known to em.  inent eye specialists and widely prescribed by  them. Tho manufacturers guarantee it to  strengthen eyesight SO per cent, in one week's  time in many instances or refund the money.  It can be obtained from any good druggist'  and is one of the very few preparations I  feel should be kept on hand for regulat use  in almost every family." The Valmas Drag  Co., Store 6, Toronto, will fill yoer orders -8  your druggist cannot.  1  James Richardson & Sons. Limited  GRAIN MERCHANTS  Western Offices      -       ������       Winnipeg, Calgary, Saskatoon  Specialists iff the handling of farmers' shipments. Write, wire  or 'phone  our nearest  office for quotations or,information.  Bill your cars "NOTIFY JAMES   RICHARDSON   &   SONS,  LIMITED," to insure careful checking of grades. , Liberal advances  on bills of lading,. Quick adjustments    guaranteed   accompanied by  Government   Certificates   of grade and weight.  You will profit by Scndiug tu Samples and Obtaining oar Advice ss to Best  Destination before Shipping Your Grain, particolartr Barley, Oats and aye.    <  Established 1351*  LICENSED AND BONDED  ilL,  ELIABLE  TGHELL,  ERCHANTS  470 Grain Exchange  WE GET RESULTS THAT SATISFY.  Write for market informarioa.    "  NEAPOUS     WINNIPEG      DULU  H  ft  She (tearfully): Henry, our engagement is at an end, and I wish to  return to you everything you have  ever given mc.  , .He (cheerfully). Thanks, Blanche!  You may begin at once with the  kisses!  They are married now. !  Minard's Liniment Cures Diphtheria.  HOME AND MOTHER  Words that express the tendercst sentiments of the linman heart Mother is  the most  beautiful  word  in  the  language.  When we tlifuk of the worries of childhood, the sleepless nights, and the anxious moments that mother endured to bring us to. Manhood and Womanhood,  shouldn't we give greater thought to the comforts of father and mother whea  travelling'from. home. -...___  We, as hotel-keepers, in the interest of the future prosperity oi our investment, are compelled to give considerable thought to the creature, "comforts of all  our  guests. ���������.."_.  And  if you  feci like  giving father or mother a trip at any time, advise them, "  when they arc iu Toronto,  to stay at the  WALKER HOUSE  The House of Plenty  FRONT ANO  YORK STREETS  OR  HOTEL CARLS-RITE  The House of Comfort  FRONT AND S1MCOE STREETS  L  Both our hotels enjoy reputations second to none for comfort, cleanliness, a  healthy moral atmosphere, and rates that are extremely reasonable.���������Americas of  Europea'i  Plan.  WItlCI-lT & CARROT,!,, Proprietors, Toronto's Fnmous Hotels, TORONTO, ONT.  (Botli   former  Westerners)  Tn far-away Fiji thc natives are engaged doing their bit to bring about  the. collapse of the Teutonic power  on thc battlefield. Many native women are engaged in preserving fruit  for the New Zealand troops. A number of Fijians have been selected for  some kincLof special work in one of  the islands,' so as to relieve white'  ���������j-iiviJ f������r sefv'ces in Europe.  W.      N.      U.  1135  THE QUEEN'S  HOTEL  TORONTO  American Plan���������13.50 and up: $4.00 with.bath  ONE of the largest and most. comfortable Hotels in the Dominion, strictly fiwt������  class.    The Queen's is well known.    400    rooms,   120   en  suite,   with     bstlis  long distance Telephone in every room;   elegantly  furnished  throughout:  cat-  Bine and  service of the  highest  order of excellence.     Is  within  easy  reach m nft>  way elation, theatre and shopping district*.    Hotel coaches meet all train*.  McGAW & WSNNETT  mafe  limiiiim S3  GAZETTE.     HEDLEY.     B.     0*  UNDERGROUND VILLAGES IN FRANC  USED BY HUNS IN CAVE WARFARE  fMMENSE NAVIGABLE   CANAL   IS ALSO UTILIZED  Caves Which Were Dug During, the Religious Wars in France  Centuries Ago Are Now Occupied by the German Armies,  And Constitute a New Line of Defence    Q_������������������ ' ���������  While the cave warfare, which has  been adopted by the Germans ,as  their latest style of defensive tactics,  is being greatly facilitated at thc  southern extremity of the Franco-  British offensively the existence of  caves dug by the Huguenots, it is  - being eVcn more facilitated at ' the  northern extremity of the "big push"  by thc existence of the entire underground villages.  The caves, cellars and vaults dug  by the Huguenot's in the ' province of  Santerre, both for refuge and for concealing their valuables, date back to  the religious wars which" were waged in France several centuries ago.  The subterranean villages in thc  northern part of Picardy are of a  more antique origin and go back to  . feudal -times.  "As a rule, they are dug into solid  rock, and the - French general staff  has reason to believe that 'their  existence was (not only long ago  known to Germans, - but long ago  'counted on by thc German general  staff as "a definite means for clinging onto the soil of France.    -  There is every reason- to believe  that the series of underground villages in Picardy is to be utilized by  thc Germans in constituting a new  line of defence against the Franco-  British drive that has pushed them  entirely out of their three line trench  defenses which they had regarded  as untakablc.  By a combination of circumstances, the immense navigable^ canal  which *was being dug in the northern part of, France when the war  began, and which was to have been  one 'of France's greatest inland  "waterways, skirts on thc west and  constitutes an additional asset to  the Germans for their new line of  defense.    This    canal, starting   from  Pcrohne, where it" ,was to* connect  up with the Somme canal already in  existence, traverses the northern  half of the pathway of the allies' offensive, cutting the Bapaume-Cam-  brai road near Hovrincourt  Helping the Russians  Captured    Bohemians    Volunteer to  Help Russia in Munition  Factories  According to thc Bohemian National Alliance,- the Bohemian soldiers captured by tlie .Russians are  helping the Russians in the munition factories and in the field. "Bohemia," says the report^ "is die seat  of the Austrian iron ��������� industry, and  among the multitudes of captured  Bohemians were thousands of machinists and other mechanics. Among  thc officers ' were numerous highly-  trained engineers and chemists,  graduates of thc famous polytechnics of Prague and Brno. These men  joyfully volunteered to work in Russia's newly ' established munition  works,   so   that .now fully 50,000 of  At the moment   war   was declared  them -are cngaged ������������������ the production  this canal was practically   completed. nt ���������,���������om������������������,.������ ���������������a ������*i,���������.. ���������,.,,. ,^^���������rioi  and ready to have thc water turned  in.    "At   the   foot   of   "Mount   Saint  Quenin, the French have reached the  banks of .this canal, a^id it has been  ; of armaments and other war material  to be used against the hated German  forces. But thc Bohemians did more  than- that.- There is today in the process of formation a full ��������� army corps  ascertained    that   the     Germans   are  t0 cons-st 0f Bohemians and Slovaks;  utilizing the- big ditch for their own  line of defenses. This "dobs not constitute a serious- fact' for the French  general staff, as it is in possession of  all thc details of thc canal's construction.  What it docs regret, however, is  lhat its_ occupation' by the Germans  unquestionably will force its complete destruction by thc allies' heavy  artillery and the years of, time and  millions' of francs spent in uS"*con-  slruction will be wiped out.  - Along the line of this canal also  are to be found the underground villages of feudal times, which are being organized by the Germans - with  machine guns for a final resistance.  One of the most famous of these  subterranean .villages is at Hcrmies,  on thc bank of the canal. The village _ is dug in the solid rock, and  consists of 115 chambers with, about  800 alcoves. The entrance to this  village is under the tower of the  church, and its fortification by the  Germans will, of course, entail the  destruction of the church edifice by  the allied^ artillery. OUier underground villages arc to be found in  the valley of the Exuette, traversed  also by the canal, and at Ypres." Get  one brigade is complete in numbers  and equipment, and it won't be many  weeks before 50,000 men, former  wearers of Austrian un'forms, will  take thc field under Russian standards."     .   <  Brings Great Gold  Tales from Alaska  BRITAIN'S WEALTH IN HEROES IS  ONE OF REVELATIONS OF THE WAR  READINESS OF SACRIFICE FOR A GREAT PURPOSE  Giving Up All for the Future of Humanity and for a Victory that  Will Free the World from the Menace of Military Despotism  That Is Now Threatened  A Young Swedish Explorer Tells of  Riches Found'in the Arctic "  Circle  Bringing a tale of a land where  gold is' more plentiful than it is in  Alaska, Christin Leden, a young  Swedish explorer, has returned to  New York after three years spent, in  the Arctic. As evidence of thc t'Ulh  of his story, he has a harpoon head  hammered out of "gold by the natives  of a camp since wiped out by disease. He has also several specimens  of gold-bearing, quartz bi ought to  him by Eskimos Svho dared many  dangers in order lo get, them. "Leden  said he had visited a land where the  ground was.so full of oil lhat in the  ting the Germans out of these sub-1 warm months thc smell of it filled the  terranean  villages   is  not   considered  air.  a serious problem  general staff.  by    the  French  The Edison of the Trenches  French Electrician Is Given Croix de  Guerre for Successful Invention  A young French soldier has been  decorated with the Croix de Guerre  because he rigged dictaphones on  the edge of a German trench near  Fort Tavanncs in thc Verdun theatre of war, by which he was able to  warn his fellows of a number of gas  attacks in time for preparation against them.  things were going "on in the rest of  thc long battle line, rigged up a crude  wireless station- by means of which  he caught the daily communique  from the Eiffel Tower, and distributed it to thc other soldiers about him.  George Kenneth End, in the _ November issue of Thc Popular Science  Monthly, paints a graphic word picture of the effectiveness of the apparatus, which he saw working. -  '   "This  young  Edison    of  the  tren  ches," he writes, "is the leader of a  group of expert electricians assigned  fcrcnt  strata  were  uncovered.  Mr. Ledcn's explorations carried  him over thousands of miles in thc  country northwest of Hudson Bay.  He went alone, and lived and traveled with the natives. His outfit was  shipped by boat to Fort Churchill on  Hudson Bay, which was the starting  point of his travels.  Just where the gold and oil are  Mr. Leden will not say. The place  where the gold is lo be found he did  not visit, because to have done so, he  said, would have meant another two  years in the far north. The territory  was' described to him by some Eskimos, 'who told him of a great hill  that  had been  so  split that the  dif-  Herc  Out of odds rnd ends of the debris1 to one of thc most difficult and dan-' the   reddish   yellow metal   could   be  gerous jobs on thc front.   The laying  seen.   _ Mr. Leden persuaded some of  of war he fashioned the first dictaphone, the -case of which was an  empty ''75" shell. Under cover of  night he placed this in the barbed  wire entanglements of a first-line  German trench, running' a wire back  to his first-line trench, a ground connection carrying the "return" . current. It worked, and then he made  other dictaphones until he had an  effective system of effectual espionage on a considerable length of German trench.  This same    Frenchman,-   suffering  with    his    fellow    soldiers from the  of wires from the 'listening stations'  to the switchboards further back of  the lines, the wiring of underground  mines so as to afford illumination for  the soldier toilers under the earth,  and the constant vigilance over the'  wires, which at any moment might  be cut by exploding shells, is his job.  "There goes another married man,"  said the girl at the candy counter.  "How    do you know?"    asked the  cashier.  'He used lo buy a three-pound box  Strain  of  not   knowing  until     forty-   of candy twice  a week, and now he  eight or seventy-two hours later how  buys half a pound once a month."  BRITAIN'S FORESIGHT SAVES WORLD  FROM BIG RISE IN COST OF RUBBER  Financing and Fostering of Rubber Plantations in Her Colonies  Now Proving a Boon to the Consumer in Keeping  Prices Down  When thc British Government  some years ago began to take an active interest in fostering the rubber  industry, and finally succeeded in  practically cornering thc rubber market, it is far from probable that thc  wisdom shown in this connection was  properly appreciated at the inception  of the movement.. Subsequent events  show quite clearly that had not this  been done, rubber, in common with  almost every commodity, would have  greatly increased in price, instead of  which it is obtainable today at not  only pre-war prices, but in some  cases bcloAV the prices obtaining  some  time  ago.  In 1893 Brazil,was producing practically all of the world's supply of  rubber. With commendable foresight Great Britain realized the coming importance of rubber products,  and about that time took an interest  in the establishment of plantations in  her tropical colonies, so that when  the motor industry and allied manufactories brought about a sharp demand for the product, Great Britain  was prepared to meet the conditions.  Today it is estimated that over 75  per cent, of the world's -supply of  crude rubber is controlled by British  interests.  While in 1910 the total production  of rubber was about 70,500 tons, with  the price at $3 i. pound, the estimated  amount of crude rubber used in 1916  ���������was approximately 202,000 tons, with  the     price     between     60     rind-    70  cents a pound, or just about half the  price asked at the commencement of  thc war.    ' ,  The public in general, perhaps unfamiliar with the conditions, may no-  properly  realize    the  benefit   that  is  derived    from    this state of    affairs. I  Leather has advanced in price stead- j  ily since the opening of the war, un-|  til the hide is worth today as much I  as was paid for the whole animal noti  so long ago.    By the aid of Govern-'  ment  control,   the  individual   is  ablei  to purchase rubbers or overshoes, or,  even    motor  tires    at  the  same  old  price,    or even _ cheaper than    somel  time  ago.     It   is  stated    that   Great i  Britain   has   recently   given   a   single  order    for two million    pairs of hip-  length rubber boots for the soldiers.  This order required the use of 'fourteen million    pounds of    rubber and-l  other materials,  yet wc do not hear'  of any advance in price "on account!  of the war."  Rubber appears _ to be rapidly su-j  pcrseding leather in footwear, owing |  to thc difference in price, and in win-j  ter weather a great saving can be ef-j  fectcd by the substitution. While thej  cost of certain chemicals and fabrics i  used in the manufacture of rubber |  footwear; and the higher prices paid;  for labor may have some effect on1  the price of the manufactured article,!  the indications are that, leather be- \  ing so expensive, rubbers'and rubber!  overshoes will be more than ever  oopubr this year.  those journeying north to search out  thc place.  Via Hudson Bay  JBy Autumn, 1917  Newfoundlanders   Expect   Wheat to  Be Shipped Thus by That Date  The bdicf that the export of wheat  from Western Canada to Eiiiope, by  way of Hudson Bay, may be begun  in the autumn of 1917 was expressed  by officers of the Newfoundland sealing steamer Nascopic, which has_ just  returned \,from her last tiip of the  season to Port Nelson.  They said that the construction of  a railway from Winnipeg to Port  Nelson and thc building of shipping  terminals at that point warranted the  expectation that the s.art of the use  of the. new port would be made before the close of navigation next autumn.  Striking Cures in  , Canadian Hospitals  Mental Suggestion  Restores Speech,  Hearing and Taste to Soldier  Licut.-Col. Charles Starr, of Toronto, who has had charge of ortho-  poeclic work in Canada, is now at the  Canadian Special Hospital, Rams-  gate, England, preparing for setting  up in England several similar institutions.  Col. Robert Jones, director of the  military orthopocdic work in Great  Britain, is establishing hospitals  similar to thc Canadian Hospital at  Ramsgate, all over Britain.  Canada has thus led thc way_ in  one of the most successful medical  enterprises of the war.  Among recent striking cures at  Ramsgate is Corpl. Hogan, a former  employe of thc Grand Trunk, who  .had been twice wounded at Yprcs.  He was buried alive during the  Somme operations, whilst following  the tanks, and when rescued he had  lost his speech, hearing and taste.  After ten minutes' treatment,  through mental suggestion at Ramsgate, his deafness and dumbness had  vanished, and he has since recovered  die sense of taste.  Another man, named Villcneuvc,  was struck blind by a star sh.ll, and  went fourteen months from" hospital  to hospital fruitlessly. Eventually  he reached Ramsgate, where special  treatment restored his sight, and he  is now on active- service again in  France,  Mr. Lloyd George spoke recently  to a number of members of parliament of "the 'great discovery of the  war"���������the revelation of Britain's  wealth in heroes of every class���������and  of war's lesson for the coming days  of peace���������sacrifice and devotion for  the common good.  The" Secretary for. War was at  home, in Downing street, receiving  a portrait of his daughter, Miss Ol-  wen Lloyd George (in Welsh costume), painted by Mr. Ellis Roberts.  Thc picture had been "presented by  the Welsh artist to the Welsh Division, and was afterwards bought by  a number of- ladies for presentation  to Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd George, the  cost���������about $2,320���������going to provide  comforts for the troops at the front.  Miss Violet Douglas-Pennant,  daughter" of -Lord Penrhyn; made the  presentation on behalf of the subscribers. She spoke of the David that  would make an end of the Goliath  of Prussian militarism, and help to  remake Europe on happier lines.  Returning thanks for thc beautiful  portrait on behalf of Mrs. Lloyd  George and himself, the War Minister said that, beautiful as the portrait  itself was, more beautiful was the patriotic ��������� impulse that ^prompted the  distinguished artist lox consecrate it  to thc help of our gallant troops and  thc kindly and gracious thoughts that  prompted so many of^ his friends_ to  present it to his wifc*vaiid lo himself.  I can assure 3rou, he continued,  thai 'we are deeply touched by the  kind thought. These are trying, anxious, terrible times, and public men  who arc in the least entrusted with  affairs need all the sympathy, support  and-encouragement that friends can  give them. Il is an hourly, daily, constant^ wear of responsibility of the  most" terrible and ghastly kind, and I  think I am speaking the feeling of all  the men with whom I am associatrd  in this great task when I. say that  there arc moments when wc feel as  if wc would like to flee to the remotest and most unexplored islands  in the Southern Seas, and stay there  until the time oi healing comes.  I ap"prcciato thc gift, and I appreciate thc time al which you have  chosen to make it. It is a gift for  the benefit of. a very gallant division  in the-field. There are so many he-  rocs in this conflict that il is almost  impossible in dispatches to enumerate them. There arc so many deeds  of valor, and the endurance of these  gallant men at the front. They have  given courage a new meaning, they  have given it a new standard, a new  rating. It means something more  than it ever meant before. We never  understood thc word until the story  of this war burst upon us. We  never knew, not that amongst us we  had a man here and a man there who  had a heart of gold and was capable  of daring and enterprise, who had  valor firing his soul, but that we had  thousands, myriads of them spread  all over thc land, in the highest and  in the humblest homes.  That is the revelation of this war.  A treasure, an inexhaustible treasure,  hidden in the heart of Ihe humblest  man ��������� of patriotism, consecration,  courage, devotion, exalted attachment to ideals, and readiness of sacrifice for a great purpose. Wencver  knew this, ft gives a new pride to  humanity, and a new pride in the  laud that has produced so many myriads, of heroes. Wc had thought  these qualities were qualities of thc  great, of the. select; but they are all  great, they arc all select. It is a nation of heroes; wc never knew we  were capable of such .great things;  and I agree with the very timely  word uttered by Miss Pennant that,  if wc can do such things in war, we  can also do  them in  peace.  Peace has its sacrifices. Peace demands valor, ,peace demands devotion; and it will be an unutterable  insanity if thc lesson which this war  has taught us of the possibilities of  our people in unity, in sacrifice for  a common end, in devotion to thc  cause of a common humanity, and  of our common country, should be  lost, when the flag has been.brought  back triumphant from the field of  labor  and  of  toil.  I do not think I ought to sit down  without mentioning thc gallant division to wliich the subscriptions for  this beautiful portrait arc to be given.  They have done their task nobly.  Wales has good reason_to be proud  of them. They are registered in the  history of a country that has produced many valiant deeds in thc past.  The capture of the Mametz Wood  was one of tlie finest achievements in  this war. ���������  Just before I came into the room  the secretary showed me the list of  subscribers. T was delighted to see  there old political friends; I was  cqua!lv glad to see there old political  foes. Thore were the names of some  of my old friends of the Welsh Parliamentary party, and> there were  some who are not within hand-shak-  in"- distance.  Before the war���������before the deluge  ���������T was something perhaps of a  party politician. Since the war I have  given  no  thought- to  party  politics,  I have had but one purpose.  We must emerge triumphant out  of this conflict, or better not emerge  at all. It is not merely that the honor  of our native land is at stake; for it  is. It is that the future of humanity  is - trembling in the balance. ' It is  that knowledge that has led these  gallant boys���������to whom, through this  portrait, we are sending some message of comfort���������to leave1 their  homes and face the terrors of the  battlefield. It is for that that many  of them have laid down their lives;  and having done all, we must see that  reward for their sacrifices shall be  found in a victory that will free humanity from the menace of a despotism which has been like a dark  cloud hanging over us for generations.  Indians are Doing Their  Bit in the Great War  About 1,200 Are in Ranks of Canadian Expeditionary Force  That about 1,200 full-blooded Indians have enlisted for overseas -service since the war. commenced, that  one at least has received the Military  Medal for bravery, that the various  reserves have contributed upwards of  $6,000 toward various patriotic funds  and that altogether the Indian population has evinced a gratifying spirit  of loyalty are the most interesting  features of thc annual report of the  Indian department just published. It  is "also interesting to note that the  Indian population has increased from  103,531 in 1915 to 105,561 in 1916.  It is stated by the report that nearly one-half of the total strength of  the 14th Battalion (Haldimand  Rifles) has been recruited from the  reserves of Eastern Ontario. There  are 65 Indian members of the 52nd  Ontario, commonly known ,as the  "Bull Moose Battalion"; the Bruce  Battalion has 65 Indians from Cape  Croker reserve, where the total population between 21 and 65 is only 108.  Eighty Indians were recruited from  remote regions of thc Hudson Bay.  In all, about 1,200 Indians have enlisted. They arc distributed by provinces as follows: Ontario, 802; Quebec," 101; Manitoba, 89; Saskatchewan, 57; Prince Edward Island, 24;  British Columbia, 17; Nova Scotia,  14; New Brunswick, 12; Alberta, 9,  and Yukon, 2.'  Of this number eight are commissioned officers, as follows: Capt. Geo.  Smith, 4th Battalion; Capt. Ormond  Picard, 12th Battalion; Capt. Charles  Smith, 114th Battalion; Lieut. Cameron D. Brant, 4th Battalion (killed  at Ypres); Lieutenants Milton Martin, James D. Moses, John R. Steac-  ey and C. A. Cooke, of tlie 114th Battalion.  A notable demonstration of the  traditional loyalty of a distinguished  Indian family was the death in action  at Langemarc of Lieut. Brant, who  was a great-great-grandson of the  famous Capt. Joseph Brant, who rendered such valuable service to the  British cause in 1776. Two other lineal descendants of the great chieftain, Corpl. Albert W. L. Crain, 4tii  Battalion, and Pte. Nathan Monture,  wcre^ severely injured at Ypres.  Private" Belanger, an Indian of the  52nd Battalion, has won the high  honor, of the. Military Medal for bravery. His brother was severelj  wounded.  New Consul for Japan  Considers Trade Openings Good Bo  tween Canada and His Country  The new Japanese consul, Yasts  taro Numano, has arrived in Ottawa  He replaces Dr. Yada, who has got*'  to fill a diplomatic position for hii  country in New York.  Mr. Numano predicts that then  will be closer trade relations between  Japan and Canada. The Japanesi  have been filled with admiration'al  thc magnificent fight Canada haj  made. The fact that there is a Jap  anese detachment in the Canadias  army v/as referred to. Japan isans  ious to secure Canadian commodities  such as fish, minerals, pulp wood _an4  wheat. Japan in return has textiles  toys, silk goods and other- commod  ities much needed in Canada.  High-prices will reign for 15 ycaf*  is the opinion formed by the Fans  Mortgage Bankers' Association al  Memphis, Tenn. Professor Spragui  of Harvard University, said that in������  the two past years have been crowd  ed the advances in prices of material  and finished products which normal':"  would have taken 10 to 15 years fa  realization. Hence his fear that pri  ces would first attain a higher figun  and remain there for the period hinS  ed at, '  The British Government has ajj  propriatcd $25,000,000 to aid disable;  soldiers in restarting life at varion  crafts, which will be taught them 9  central points in the kingdom,  Mm   ���������������������������[Al.\'- r "~ ���������        "*       .^   ..   l' ���������"     ���������>���������  *(      .     ' '      .���������*  ���������-* -"i '-      <  ���������������������������;; f-^'*r;:>'.:  THE      GAZETTE,      MEDLEY  B.  C.  Scientific Research !SaIutin*^ the Quarter-Deck  The Application of Science to Industry Necessary fo- Best Results  Mod"-rii mdusliy to be successful  mum lie l>a<.cd on scientific research.  In (.'.-Linda practically no attention  has. bi-vMi paid to thc advantages of  scientific res-eaich,' and many'business men fail lo appreciate its commercial advantages. Since the war,  however, several of the largest corporations in Canada have taken up  this work in their own interests. It  is natural that some will be unwilling  to disclose the results of their investigations, but to achieve thc greatest  success, such as Germany obtained  before the war, there must be complete co-opcratioti amongst all manufacturers and the government so as  to eliminate overlapping of effort and  work for thc benefit of thc common  good.  In 1915, Great Britain appointed  an Advisory Council for the threefold purpose of instituting scientific  researches, establishing or developing institutions for thc scientific  researches, establishing or developing institutions for the scientific  study of industrial problems, and for  the institution of research studentships and fellowships. A recent report published by this committee:  points out that the Government had  already embarked upon an organized  scheme for the scientific support of  P.rilish trade and industries as early  as 1900, when the National Physical  Laboratory was established with the  ��������� assistance of a Treasury grant. This  institution was established to bring  scientific knowledge to bear practically upon every-day industrial and  commercial life. This initial step in  "the right direction was followed by  grants to such bodies as the Engineering Standards Committee, the Imperial Institute and, more recently,  the Imperial College of Science and  Technology.  It is intended that the Advisory  Council shall form a permanent  organization to promote industrial  and scientific research throughout  < the kingdom, and organize thc weapons of industry just as the Government has already organized the  weapons of warfare. The Council  will undertake a campaign of education to impress on manufacturers the  benefits to be derived from scientific  research.  To secure the closer co-operation  of manufacturers, but not overlooking thc great importance of pure  science in solving thc practical problems of industry, the Council will  attack first purely industrial problems, the practical bearing of which  can be appreciated by all.���������XV. J. D.,  in   Conservation.  Oldest Stone Image  Ancient   Relic   Piscovered   Recently  in Japan  An ancient and ownerless edifice  standing in a village called Shiki-  shima, in Shiki district, Nara prefecture, has been found to contain a  number of rare artistic treasures in  thc shape of antique Buddhist images, says thc Herald of Asia. The  discovery of these rarities, one of  which is belicvejd. to be the oldest of  the kind in Jap'an, is due to Mr. Se-  kino, doctor of engineering; Mr. Ma-  tano, chief of the Imperial Museum  at Tokio, and Mr. Niino, of the Nara  Art Gallery. They are of the opinion  th t the tottering edifice is none  other than a temple called the Sekiiji,  which was built in the Nara period  (710-794 A.D.). The stone image, the  centre figure, as it were, of thc edifice, represents the Yakushi Buddha  and is four feet in height, more than  three feet in breadth and three-fifths  lo seven-tenths of a foot in thickness.  It was probably made some 2,100  years ago, in the era of Hakuho," and  is the oldest stone image in Japan,  says a report from a Nichi-Nichi correspondent. The head man of the  district is now trying to-have it included among thc national treasures.  There are also in the edifice a wooden image of the Buddha and several  other figures of antique appearance.  Women Policemen  Scarcity of Abie-Bodied Men in London May Mean Appointment of  ���������   Women to Police Force  After women 'bus conductors -'bobbies"! This development is confidently looked for. should the war  show signs of being prolonged to a  fourth year.  The demand for able-bodied men  will be universal, and as there are fifteen thousand constables in the Metropolis, that is submitted as the final  argument that will persuade the authorities to train women to take the  place, of the stalwart fellows who arc  the sentinels of the city's order.  Already one woman in one of the  suburban districts has been acting  with great acceptance to the people  as a policeman. Another will follow  her example and much will depend  upon their ability to do general point  duty if the experiment is extended.  In the provinces women policemen  arc being appointed every day.  The woman who is already commissioned says that thc work is not  so arduous as she expected. "The fact  is we are greatly helped by the spirit  of chivalry that is in thc air towards  women. The prisoners whom I have  taken in charge have only required  a gentle touch on thc arm, as a rule,  and they have said, "All right, miss,  it is a pleasure to accompany a lady  like you. But, I say, don't put it in  too hard for me before the beak."  Ancient   Naval ,< Custom    Which   Is  Rigidly Adhered To  One of the first things taught the  naval recruit before he goes on board  his ship is that he must "salute the  quarter deck" when passing on to it  when on board, and that he must  salute at the gangway as he passes  -on board his ship at any time, whether from a boat or direct from the  shore.  This is' an ancient custom and is  carried out by every officer and man  whether he be the commander-in-  chief in his own flagship or the ship  cook's  youngest  boy  assistant.  It survives from the time when a  statue of the Blessed Virgin ��������� or a  Crucifix- ��������� was ,in prominence near  jhe quarter deck of every ship when  the sailors "uncovered" their heads  as they passed. Civilians and soldiers  when passing <?n board should perform the same ceremony. '  Thc naval .salute'is different to  that used in'fne army, the upper arm  is not raised at right angles tq_ the  body, but to an angle of about 45 degrees from the perpendicular, while  the palm of the hand instead of being turned to thc front is kept turned  towards the face, the forefinger near--  ly touching the peak of the cap in  line with thc eyebrow. As in the  army the "off hand" is used for saluting.  The "able-bodied seaman" (or  A.B.) is equivalent in rank to the private in the army, and is expected to  salute all officers (naval and military)  in uniform, the same remarks apply  to the sister service, and all soldiers  should salute naval officers when in  uniform.  Russia to Enjoy  Era of Progress  American Writer Is Surprised at the  Evidence  of Wealth Found  When an American who has never  been in Russia before goes to Pet-  rograd, Moscow and the cities of  which he has heard, and then travels  on to a score of others, fine modern  and metropolitan places whose names  he hardly remembers, he is almost  certain to begin wondering how we  in this country came to have so much  grotesque general information about  Russia. The empire is now right  within the doorstep of what in time  will work out to be an enormous, onward movement in industry, commerce and wealth, and a more universal diffusion of education and culture, but it is evident that much more  of all this than we knew was already  in existence.  You see anything but a benighted,  backward people. The streets of  Petrograd are as up-to-date as the  streets of Chicago. There are  shops, and, stores, arrd office buildings. The men are as much in a  hurry, the people are as well dressed (although with a touch of difference)    and   just as    good    natured;  there are crowds and life, there is no  lack of comfort, and you feel  pretty much at home.  Il is   very much   the-same    on a  journey through other parts of Euro- _    . _  pean  Russia. The railroads are welll scattered through these camps, start-  built and  well  equipped,  better con-   '-~ "  -������M������������.;-  France Gives Proofs  Of German Cruelty  Mistreatment of French Prisoners Is  Described in Report  The case of the French Government against Germany in regard to  'lie alleged mistreatment of French  prisoners of .war is set out in -detail  in a volume of one hundred pages  which has just been issued and which  will be distributed abroad. The book  sums up reports .of the Spanish ,, Embassy in Berlin, of delegates .from  the International Red Cross, Society  who visited German prison camps,- of  doctors and nurses who were interned in these camps, and of testimony  given under oath by crippled soldiers  who have returned tp France. The  volume includes photographs received from private sources and sketches  from  German  illustrated papers.  The French Government . contends  that the following accusations have  been proved: "Theft from French  prisoners; killing of wounded prisoners; execution without formality of  civilians arrested on the" pretext of  sniping; transportation of prisoners  in foul cattle-cars with healthy, sick  and wounded crowded together indiscriminately without food or medicine; insults and violence to prisoners  by German soldiers on their arrival  in Germany; attacks upon French  prisoners by women at Erfurt with  knives, .sickles and scythes, tolerated  by thc escort; spitting upon and  whipping of-prisoners by civilians,  kicking of prisoners by young German recruits as they filed** through  Torgau; great ravages in nearly all  prison camps by tuberculosis developed by neglect of most elementary  hygienic precautions; spread of typhus among British-and French prisoners by mixing them with infected  Russians; general prevalence of rheumatism in all prison camps as the  result of dampness; enforced labor  of prisoners of war on military works  such as trench digging, manufacture  of arms and munitions; insufficient  food, shelter and clothing.  Photographs, of German camps are  offered to show the prisoners in midwinter with only tents or dugouts for  shelter. It is charged that during the  first winter in Germany large_ numbers of prisoners were obliged to  dig themselves into the ground for  shelter or to construct mud huts, and  the Spanish Ambassador is quoted in  support of this accusation. It is admitted that some improvements on  these conditions have been made in  certain camps.  In regard to the question of nourishment, French surgeons and nurses  who have returned to France after  periods of captivity in Germany report that the insufficiency of food,  coupled with other privations, has resulted in the spr.ead of tuberculosis  and other diseases'such as erysipelas,  scarlatina and gastritis. The latter  sicknesses are reported ' to be very  frequent in the camps of interned  civilians, and particularly among  children.  Crippled soldiers ��������� returning to  France from the camps of Langen-  salza," Cassel-Viederwehren and Wittenberg report that Russian prisoners    carrying typhus contagion were  A Hero From the Far North I Experience Preventing  Casualties in the War  structed on the" average than the  railroads of the United Stales, as  far as they go, but not anywhere  near extensive enough to serve Russia even now. Thc cities you find  are all modern and busy, even to  those away down "in the regions bordering the Black Sea and the Caspian.  The traveller sees also much finer  agricultural development than he  has preconceived. There are rich  fields of grain where they obtain  higher yields per acre than our own  farmers obtain. There are meadows of hay that a man from our  Mississippi Valley would know the  value of. We have known in this  country of Russia's extensive production of cereals for the market  of the world; nevertheless! the  American visitor is -apt to express  surprise at seeing for himself what  some of the Russian agricultural  country really is.  It is not an undeveloped country.  The fact is that Russia has been  making rapid preparation for an advance on every line of development  for several years. It is a country  that has laid thc foundation for an  adequate exploitation of enormous  resources and is now at the point  for going into large-scale organization of industry. Russia exceeds the  United States in the amount and  breadth of natural resources.  It has vast rcsources_ of iron, coal,  copper and thc rarer industrial and  precious metals; and the agricultural possibilities include the production, at,present, of enough cotton���������  cotton of excellent manufacturing  quality���������to supply half the consumption of Russia's 170,000,000 people.  Even if the war had not brought  the fair prospect of the fulfilment of  Russia's long-fostered ambition for  an outlet for its commodities through  the Bosphorus, Russia was ready  for the modernization of huge enter-  prizes, and the establishing of new  ones. ��������� Samuel McRoberts in The  American.  They Knew  He: "Would your father and mother object if they knew T had kissed  you?"  She: "They never have."���������London  Answers.  "Who invented this squad drill?"  "Some silly blighter   called   Numbers, of course."���������T^spdon Opinion.  ing an epidemic  The section __of the book which  deals with the enforced labor of the  prisoners of war charges that 1,500  French prisoners .were forced to work  in the Krupp Works at Essen. Several thousand, it is also asserted,  were sent to Courland province in  Russia, where they were employed  in building strategic _ railroads. In  some  munition  factories   Frenchmen  How a Canadian    Officer Gave . His  ' Life in Capturing a German  Machine Gun  I heard today, too, from certain  Canadians who have been in recent  fighting, the tale of one of their officers, who was off in the far Northwest when the war broke out, and he  came by canoe and on foot 500 miles  to join the Expeditionary Force. He  went through all the fighting that his  division has seen, and rose gradually  through" the.successive non-commis-  sioned'ranks till he got his commission. A German machine-gun in a  certain post was holding up his "men,  and he crawled up until quite close  to it, "and then went for it single-  handed. When 'his men came on,  they found his body lying across the  gun and the gun's crew dead around  him.���������London Times War Correspondence.  It Has Been Worse_  Prices of Flour and Other Necessities  Have Been, Higher  With tlie advance" of high-grade  flour to $10 per barrel, we are told  that flour has risen to "the highest  price since the Civ.il War." It has  really reached a'higher price than it  brought during the Civil War, for  the high rate which' then prevailed  was expressed in - terms of. paper  money, and at one -time during the  war a dollar in goldvwas worth $2.85  in paper. In terms of gold, the highest price attained by flour during thei  Civil War was $4.90 a barrel. We  are, therefore, now paying in gold  twice'' the price for'flour that'was  paid in the Civil' War. The present  price neither-of flour, wheat nor cotton is a record price. In 1795 flour  sold at $12 per barrel, and in 1796 at  $16. A hundred years ago, in 1817,  it was $14.75 a barrel., Wheat is now  at $1.83 per bushel, December .delivery, but in 1854 wheat brought $2.21  per bushel, in 1855 $2.43, io 1866  $2.09, in 1869 $2.05, "gold. In, the  meantime, wages are very much  higher than they were in, either one  of the years named. There have been  many periods in which the prices" of  the necessaries of life, relatively to  wages, were .much greater than they  are now.���������Boston Transcript.  Cooking Vegetables  8 o'clock in the evening.  German Espionage  German  By a  Spies Are Betrayed  Woman  A powerful sensation has been produced in Holland by the unearthing  of a cleverly organized system " of  German espionage in that country.  For many months past it has been a  cause of perplexity that the movements of neutral.-ships leaving.Rotterdam were speedily made known to  German patrols, and that so many  in consequence have either been torpedoed or captured.  The mainspring of the system has  now been located. A German named  Dirkzwager, who .was formerly British Consul at Maasluis, has been  trapped handing out information -to  another man, also a German, called  Hansen. This Hansen was able to  convey the route of many ships to  the enemy of the Allies.  The success that attended their destructive treachery multiplied, and  they were compelled to add to their  confederates, among whom was a  woman, who, while trying to obtain  information one day at Rotterdam  about the passenger list of a steamer,  the Batavier, aroused suspicion. She  was shadowed immediately, and the  lair of the nest of spies was eventually discovered.  The result has been that thc ramifications of the system have been  traced, and show that from one end  of the country to the other Dirkzwager and his spies have been in  constant communication with the  Germans night and day for many  months. '        ���������..��������������������������� .  Jersey men who win decorations  for bravery in the field are each to  receive from their fellow islanders a  gold watch, suitably inscribed, and  a parchment commemorating the oi;  casion. The first recipient is Seaman  W. Beauchamp. D.C.M. N  Valuable Ingredients - Lost Through  Wrong Methods ���������  While boiling vegetables the nutrients soluble in water may. be dissolved out and lost. The nutrients  liable to be lost include protein compounds, mineral constituents, and sugars. The Minnesota and Connecticut  Experiment Stations have' conducted interesting experiments in connection with this subject. The first experiments were made with potatoes,-  which were boiled under different  conditions, and the loss determined.  When the potatoes were peeled and  soaked for several hours before boiling, the loss amounted to 52 per. cent.  of the "total nitrogenous matter and  38 per cent, of the mineral substance;  when the potatoes were peeled and  put into cold water, which was then  brought to the boiling point as soon  as possible, the loss amounted to  about 16 per cent, of the nitrogenous  matter or protein and 19 per cent, of  the mineral matter; potatoes peeled  and placed at once into boiling water lost only about 8 per cent, of the  nitrogenous matter, although the loss  of mineral matter was about the same  as in the preceding.case; when, how  were compelled to work, it is alleged > ~ --- -      -   es       -���������        ked     j-th the  from 4 o'clock m the morning until. ^F-^ th?re wag but a trifling loss  of matter, either nitrogenous" or mm  eral.   In the baking of potatoes there  is practically no loss other than  the  very little which  may  escape  in   the  moisture  given   off.  To obtain the highest food value,  potatoes should not be peeled. When  peeled, there is least loss by putting  directly into hot water and boiling  quickly. Even then the loss is considerable. When potatoes are peeled  and soaked in cold water, the loss is  very great.  It has also been found that considerable losses occur in the boiling  of other vegetables such as carrots,  beets and parsnips. The loss in the  mineral matter is serious, as vegetables furnish mineral materials from  wliich teeth and bone are formed.  Vegetables should be boiled in large  pieces and in as small a quantity of  water as possible.  To prevent the serious loss which  occurs when the water in which'vegetables have been boiled is thrown  out, the water should be boiled down  and used in the making of the sauces  which are to be served with the vegetables.���������F.C.N.  No Extra Charge  A colored auntie was taking her  first ride on a fast train when it  jumped the track and plunged headlong into the ditch. After the crash  "auntie" picked herself up and began  munching a chicken wing she had  brought along for sustenance. The  conductor hurried up to ascertain the  damage.  "Were you hurt in the smashup?"  he asked excitedly.  "Law no!" she replied- in astonishment. "Wuz there a smashup? I  to't dese yere combustifications went  right along wif de ticket."���������Argonaut.   ���������'    -  Dyspeptic Old Lady: What ought  I to take for an acid rising?  Flip Drug Clerk: An acid drop,  madam.  British Army Learns That It Is Not  Necessary to Become Marks  In modern warfare thc question of  casualties is the foremost problem of  the rival commanders-in-chief. But  all losses in an engagement must' be  weighed relatively, and there .are as  many standards as there are armies'.  The battle of the Marne, one of  thc decisive battles of all times, set  a high standard in casualties. Before the present war, which has  made all past conflicts pygmean'", in.  .comparison, losses r wcra viewed in  an' entirely different, light. - -.'.-";..  During the-fiercest of-tlie-Somme  fighting thc casualties in'one week  undoubtedly ^exceeded the .' total  losses in the entire Franco-Prussian war, but the Allies considered  the price they paid for their gains  reasonable. Against their 'losses  they balanced their territorial' gains,  their capture of prisoners; guns and  ammunition," and German casualties.  On thc other hand, Crown Prince,  Rupprecht had lo seek satisfaction in  the thought that the'Allics'^ casualties", exceeded  his.own. *"   -,' '"'  If the "Allies had decided to. push  right on to the Bapaumc-Peronne-  road in the first three weeks of the  Somme _ offensive they 'probably  could have done so. Nothing would  have pleased the general staff of the  German army more than to" have-Sir  Douglas Haig and General Foch try  it. The cost "of the-success' would  have been enormous "compared-" even  with present standards. -   - -       .:  In August there was much bloody"  fighting at Highwood, Thc -British,  wanted it and the Germans considered it worth a great many of-their  soldiers' - lives. Undoubtedly, more  British than Germans died there, but;  General Haig goUit at a price which  was not unreasonable, considered in  relation   to"'its   importance. '   .  Thiepval was a fortress of-im---  mense strength. It represented the  acme of German engineering skill, ��������� ���������  andiwas valued as thc British value ������J  Gibraltar. .If thc British had"fought >���������"  on in the first days "of" rhe"bffcnsive  until il was in their . hands .their  casualty list would have been out of  all proportions to Thiepval's value  to them, but when they took^ it bn  September 26 it cost them fewer men  than it did lo ��������� carry Montaubah in  July. For every three casualties in  the carrying of Thiepval in September, thcy'took two" German prisoners.  Suppose the German prisoners had  been smaller than the Allies'���������say at  the ratio of 3 1-2 to 6 ,1-2, ,which  even the German claims would not  exceed, the advantage is still with  the - Allies, considered relatively, to  the importance of their present position  over their line on July L,.,,  ,  When-the British" army" began'tlie'  Somme offensive it had guns and  ammunition behind it, but it la'ckcd  one thing, and thai was experience.  It was green, compared with the  German and French armies; it was  well trained, confident and courageous, .but-it needed experience.  British casualties ran high at the  start ��������� higher than those - of '.the  French, who were doing brilliant  work on the right. The French had  thoroughly mastered the art of advancing just fast enough not lo. run  into their own barrage, and not too  slow to lose momentum; they used  any  cover the ground  afforded.  No longer do the"young graduates  of St. Cyr go into battle needing to  make" marks of themselves for snipers to-show they are brave and gallant leaders. The green British army  learned rapidly, and- as they grew  wiser in experience -their casualties  decreased.  With the Canadians on the left, the  Australians in. the centre and _ the  famous British guard on the right,  last month they -knew exactly how  far they were to advance,_and what  was equally as important, just where  they were to stop. .     . .  From the start of the war, Germany .had a tremendous advantage  in that she had practically supreme  control of. the military activities of.  the Central Powers. It can be  truthfully said that now there is the  same co-operation among the military and general ������������������staffs of the allied <���������  nations. ', ���������'���������'_'  .  ���������  Some often express surprise that  the Allies: do not advance faster.  They ask why, if the Allies arc so  much stronger than the enemy, they  do not .throw in enough men to push  right through. The answer is the  gains would not offset the losses.  Canada Imports  Butter and Cheese  Huge   Increases   Shown   in   Ottawa  Trade Department Figures :,',  At least one reason for the extremely high prices of Canadian butter and cheese is contained in an announcement by the Trade and Commerce Department, giving statistics  of the registered imports of the United Kingdom for the months 'of-August, 1915 and 1916. The increase is  very heavy.  In the former month imports oi  butter were 1,421 cwts., and in the  latter 23,150 cwts. The comparative  figures for cheese were 188,928 and  265,251  cwts.  Eggs increased from 72,747 to 82,-  710 great hundreds. A "great hundred"  is 120.  I  A  "Henford is a pacifist, isn't he?"  "Rabid!    Why, he. wouldn't let his  wife have cartridge    paper    on their  dining-room wall." ��������� Boston    Transcript. s  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.  Improvement  Of Game Laws  Prohibition of the Sale of Game By  Several Provinces  That the trend of game protective  legislation throughout Canada is distinctly toward restricting, and ulti-  anately prohibiting the operations of  market hunters, is clearly manifested  by  recent  amendments  to   the  game  Maws-of Ontario," Manitoba".and Saskatchewan.   ' In" Ontario" the  sale'of  ' water:f6wl and of quail, partridge,  woodcock and snipe is prohibited un-  - "'til'   the autumn    of 1917.    Manitoba"  "'and J Saskatchewan have,  gone'much  ' '.farther  and the" effect  of their present laws is to prohibit the open sale  . of practically all game in any season  of- the year.  *\' The market hunter is the recogniz-  '.ed guerrilla    of destruction , 'with re-  . ",'jgafd  to  wild life,  and the'traffic in  ' .dead "game is 'responsible for "at least  '   three-quarters of the    slaughter that  '"has reduced the game birds of North  America .to a.mere remnant .of their  "-..former  -abundance.    Nearly    all  the  provinces of- Canada have placed restrictions  upon     the market  gunner,  : "by. prohibiting the sale of  game  en-  \ tirely,-or during certain seasons. Un-  , fortunately,   in   most  instances,   such  Jaws  have" been-'enacted  only  as   an  ".extreme",, resorf'to protect    depleted  species from  virtual   , extinction.     In  ,-view of the disastrous and inevitable  ���������.'. results of allowing thc market hunter  "to   carry   on   his   destructive   occupa-  ���������tion, the  logical  procedure'is "to  an-  ; licipate     and   prevent .the   result   by  .  prohibiting market gunning before'it  -Jias succeeded'in reducing our splen-  ������������������-tlid resources-of wild life to'the verge  - of extinction.  A Bushel of Wheat  Two Kinds of Peace  "Peace Talk in Germany and in Great  v ' ��������� "       "       Britain  ' During, the past month or two  there has been a-great'deal of talk  .about peace in high quarters in England a's-well as in Germany. But between the things that have been said  in England and the things that have  beeii said in Germany there is a sharp  ���������contrast in two essential respects.  in thc first place, what the German  statesmen's     thoughts    are     centred  <������n>  upon is the possibility of bringing  the war to an end by coming to  terms with their enemies in one way  or another without fighting the war  out to the bitter end; % whereas the  men at the head of affairs in England ��������� Asquith, Lloyd .George, Grey  ���������are absolutely unbending in their  resolution to' entertain no p'roposals  of peace except such as .would be predicated on the decisive defeat of  Germany. And secondly, the Ger-  inan preoccupation is wholly .with  "the question of the eliding of this  war, and has no concern with the  prevention of future wars except in  so far as this may be implied in the  demanding of terms of peace which  shall leave Germany's mighty state,  fully capable - "of defending' itself  against aggression, whereas in utterance after utterance of the leading  English statesmen the idea is put  forward of establishing a new" regime, under which, through some  form of international co-operation,- a  repetition of -the stupendous calamity that has befallen the world will  be made impossible.���������N. Y. Evening  Post.  m  I  }  Ready to Fight at Any Time  Holland   Is    Determined   to   Protect  Her Neutrality  The Dutch government is ready to  go to war at any moment to protect  Holland's neutrality. Dutch officials  admit it.  Holland is not- tempting fate,  though. Her diplomats and influential newspapers are doing their best  to keep her from any combination of  circumstances that might force her  to siac with one belligerent or the  other in thc war.  Dutch officials candidly admit they  will fight England or any unneutral  act against or upon Dutch soil, and  that the same, thing goes for Germany. Holland will light her for the  . same reasons and just as quickly.  Holland is devoting as much time,  material and energy to the upbuilding of her army as she is to the development of her navy.  Today it is the Queen who is the  "woman of thc hour," and the real  leader of the government of Holland.  Every morning at 6.30 she is at her  desk and she works all day. She attends every ministerial council and  she is said to have written thc cleverest parts of many of Holland's protest notes to both Great Britain and  Germany.  Holland, as is well known, is build-  ,. ing a great many submarines. A few  days ago a new one was launched  and the Queen went out in it for half  an hour, travelling part of the time  under water. The Queen observes  strict, neutrality in her own household. Her husband, Prince Henry,  was a German prince from Mecklenburg, so there is naturally some feeling among: pro-ally Dutch about  this. His loyalty to Holland is not  questioned, .but in order not to have  "him suspected in any way he is told  none of the secrets of state. He is  made chief of the Red Cross, so he  can have something to do, but in this  work he is subject to the orders of  " General Schneider, chief of thc General  staff.  An Explanation of How the Increase  in Value Is Brought About  I am a bushel of wheat. I was  born in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada, in "the year of grace,  1916. In" the process of reaching maturity I spent many" sunny, showery  or windy days, and nights sometimes cool, sometimes cold. I was  harvested and thrashed by a farmer,  assisted by soldiers, and subsequently transported and stored in,a great  elevator at'Fort William. At a later  date I vwasvshot,through a steel tube  with a' quantity of wheat like myself  into the 'steel hold of a vessel and  transported through cool waterways  to -Montreal, where I was again  transferred,through another, elevator  to a' larger steamer, and ultimately  delivered-into store at Liverpool. I  remember it being said while we performed this journey that there was  the" danger of being torpedoed and  sunk, but our protection seems to  have been ample,- as we safely reached port. ��������� ' -'  ���������> My next experience-was that of being ground through rolls and sifted  and carried and sifted through a vast  scheme of machinery until I was finally shot in'a new form, the-most  beautiful swan-like flour, into a bag  and carried thence to the baker's and  turned into ' loaves of snow-white  bread with shiny brown crusts. A  shop-keeper next handed me over to  a-woman, who said'her husband and  two sons had gone to the war/and  that the sole means* of'' support of  herself and five young children was  the allowance made to_her by the  Government. Prior to the war she  said she had enjoyed with her family moderate comfort, as her husband  had .a "tidy "little business <and her  sons were well employed. ��������� She lamented, the fact that T-cost so much,  and could "not understand why this  should be "so when there seemed to  be plenty, of wheat and other"food to  supply the wants of all. I could have  told her, as I wilfnow tell you, why  I am sold so dear to this poor woman.           -  The cause dates'.back several  months, practically" to the time when  the 'plants upon which I subsequently saw.light were just beginning-to  show above - the broad, pleasant  prairie land. - A price was put upon  me even then. This price' was but  slightly higher than $1 per bushel delivered at Fort William in the month  of October. My owner, the farmer,  sold me through a grain broker to a  grain merchant for $1.08 per bushel.  The farmer received this price, less  the broker's charge of one^cent per  bushel. Now I began to have an ^active experience. The grain dealers  sold me to a cattleman at $1.12; the  cattleman to a druggist at $1.15. The  druggist' sold me to a doctor .at $1.20,  and I passed back and forth between  a variety of owners (who did^not  know each other) through an intermediary called a broker, who received each time I was transferred one-  eighth of a cent for the transfer.  I have been owned In the last three  months, . in addition to the owners  mentioned above, by country storekeepers, coal merchants, elevator  clerks, bank clerks, one builder, three  German Jews from Minneapolis or  Chicago, seven Americans of_ doubtful national origin, two Canadian railway men, and several men who did  not seem to have any occupation at  all. In all this period of ownership  I have increased in value from the  original $1.08 to my value of the  price paid by the merchant who shipped me to the English miller, in the  neighborhood of $1.85 per bushel, in  store Fort William.  What has caused this    increase in  my value of 80 per cent.?   First, one  man said it was green bugs in Kansas.      Later    another    man    said    I  should be dearer because there    was  not enough rain.    Then I was to be  dear because  there was not enough  sunshine.    At  a  later  date    another  man  said    that  black    rust  was  appearing in Manitoba, but    the most  frequently mentioned cause for    my  advancing value was tlie fact that a  great  war  was   being   fought   and   I  would be needed to help to feed the  population    in  one or    more of the  allied States. -There was another reason    also given    for;my    improved  value,  and  this  was  the absence  of  rain    in Argentina.! cannot    but  think,  in spite  of the many  reasons  urged  to increase my value,  that  if  there were no  war   (and  no  people  to  feed  under  the" pressure of war)  I would not be worth within 50 cents  per bushel of my present value.    Of  course,   I  am  innocent  of  any  complicity in this great scheme of price  raising.     I  am merely a bushel    of  wheat and    will  perform    the same  function,  to   sustain 'human  life,  regardless  of cost,  but  I  cannot help  thinking that  I  have had  too many  masters,    considering    the important  functions  which   I   have  to  perform,  and that    there must be    something  wrong in  marketing me when  I  am  allowed to change hands so often and  be  so  often  the  property of people  who do no't make a business of sending, me to market and ultimately to  the. consumer.  I feel thc importance of my mission in helping to win the war, but  I am satisfied that many of my temporary owners must have lost sight  of my peculiar duties, and, for that  matter, of their own duty, when  they were pushing me back and forward and putting a new price upon  my services every time I changed  hands.���������Montreal  Gazette.  Huge Dimensions  Of Captured Zeppelin  Compared    in    Size    to    a    Modern  Ocean - Liner  A correspondent who paid a visit  to the super-Zeppelin brought to  earth in England on Sept. 23 writes:  "We had, of course, all seen photographs of the fallen Zeppelin, * but  no camera picture can ever convey  an adequate idea of thc monster that  was lying _ helpless, but to all intents and purposes intact, in these  Essex fields. One thing struck the  whole of our party, namely, surprise  at the huge dimensions of the airship, and a sense of wonder that it  could possibly ' have come down in  the condition in which it is to be  found today. Although bent and  twisted, the trellis aluminum frame  shows quite clearly the general-lines  of the ship. ��������� After penetrating into  the interior of the frame it seemed  like standing in thc centre of a huge  aluminum liner and looking up from  the keel plateUo -the deck. What  impressed everyone next to the  dimensions of the airship ' was thc  extraordinary lightness of the structure, and we -were surprised to find  that a length , of'the trellis framework of ten or twelve feet could be  raised and held quite easily with the  little finger. The Zeppelin is proved to be "L33," one of the largest in  the German'service, built lately. The  gondolas number four, containing  six Mercedes engines, each of 240  horse-power, working 1,600 revolutions to the minute. One gondola  contains three engines, the remaining three each carrying one engine.  There are five propellers. It has been  estimated that.she carried some two  thousand gallons of petrol in her various tanks, and that her colossal envelope was -filled with two million  feet of gas. While being escorted  around the airship, in thc centre of  which experts were still working and  measuring, we were shown the "cat  walk," a narrow, scorched platform  giving access "to various parts of the  ship, and the apparatus for dropping  bombs. She is fitted with sixty bomb  droppers. Right forward is to be  seen thc captain's cabin, with three  control wheels, while in close proximity is thc wireless room, enclosed  in a casing of cotton wool to ensure  as much silence as possible.  Lying on one side, of the Zeppelin  itself was a small " cane or basket  coracle, the use of which is not quite  clear. It may have been intended for  use in case of descent on the water  or for lowering men for the purpose  of observation. An oflicer informed  me that everything of any practical  value is intact," and that wc have all  the information requisite to construct  a replica if necessary.--' The length of  the ship is 680 feet, and her total  weight, with her crew of twenty-two  officers and men, about fifty tons. She  is supposed to have occupied a year  in building, and to have cost anything between a quarter and half a  million sterling. She carries seven  or eight guns, including five ordinary Maxims, the remainder being  somewhat heavier."  In order to prevent people in England from making away with the  wreckage, the following new regulation has been made under the Defence of the Realm Act:  "If any person, having found any  bomb or projectile, or any fragment  thereof, or any document, map, or  other article whatsoever which he  has reasonable grounds for believing or suspecting to have been discharged, dropped, or lost from, or to  have been carried in or to have formed part-of any aircraft or vessel of  tlie enemyy- or to have formed part  of the equipment or personal effects  of any member of the crew of such  aircraft or vessel, without lawful authority or-excuse neglects forthwith,  after finding the same, or, in the  case of any such article which was  found before October 3rd, 1916, as  soon as -may be after that date, to  communicate' the fact to a military  post or to a police constable in the  neighborhood, or on being so required, neglects to. send or deliver the  same to the competent naval or  military authority or some person  authorized by him for the purpose,  he shall be guilty of an offense against these regulations;  "Where any such article is found  at the place where the aircraft in  question or the wreck thereof descended, no person shall, without  lawful excuse, displace, remove, or  otherwise interfere with such article,  and, if any person does so, he shall  be guilty of an offence against these  regulations."  \  During the War  Prohibition     a     Necessity     During  Stress  of War Times  "Thousands of -Britain's bravest  and best have been maimed aud  mangled and slaughtered by cruel  storms of gas and shell and liquid  fire, because away back where war  weapons are forged, drinking bars  were tempting to heartless idleness  the men whose failure left unsent the  munitions that, .would have silenced  the carnage wreaking German batteries. ,  " "In hospitals and jails, or weakened  or inefficient through drink, arc thousands of "men who would have been  strong and brave defenders of honor,  justice-and freedom but for thc selfish greed of-traitors who were ready  to' debauch and destroy their country's young manhood for the sake of  thc tainted profits of thc poison 'traffic.'  "Is therera single loyal citizen who  will not back with all his "heart and  soul the strong demand of high purpose and patriotic appeal that Ontario shall have at' least and at once,  prohibition during the war"*'  The above from the Pioneer puts  a horrible truth in graphic language.  Those risking their lives for us -have  that risk doubled and their efficiency  lessened by the damnable poisoners  licensed and unlicensed. For we  must not lay all the blame on the  shoulders of the saloon keeper. A  hostess invites a party of officers to  her home and there plies them with  this poison ,lhat the Toronto Board  of Health says is worse than morphine or cocaine.. She is cither criminally ignorant or she is a traitor doing her bit  to help  the Germans.  And notwithstanding all the lessons of this war and of science, certain men claiming to be educated  gentlemen not only drink themselves,  but they tempt their 'guests, regardless of King and Country. While the  great .majority arc doing their best  to help, such men are doing more  harm than they probably know. Let  us hope that it is merelack of knowledge and not utter indifference to  thc outcome of this^ terrible struggle.  It seems as if nothing but total prohibition will save us from this poisoning craze.���������H. Arnott, M.B., M.C.  P.S.  To Insure War Workers  At End of the War  "I'm running this!" asserted Mr.  Henpeck, starting the water for his  morning bath.  Organize to Annihilation  If we consider that there are ten  of us allies; that each wants something from Germany after thc war;  that Germany still thinks she has  won; and that the things which we  want are still for a large part in German holding, we shall learn to disabuse our minds of the idea that the  end is near. We must think, and act,  and organize as though Germany  meant to go on "to the last breath  of horse and man," and above all else  must we organize our man-power,  and count nothing accomplished until our superiority of numbers in the  field is. absolutely annihilating.���������London Times.  Mrs. Owens: I wonder if the doctor's wife meant anything personal  just now.  Owens: What did  she say?  Mrs. Owens: She said we might at  least pay them a visit. ��������� Chicaeo  Herald,  Great Britain Will Safeguard  1,500,-  000 From Unemployment When  the Struggle Ends  - Under thc caption, "Safeguarding  1,500,000 "Workers," the Official  Press Bureau in London has issued  an article in which it is stated that  in anticipation of a wave of unemployment which may follow the war  the British government has decided  to extend the operations of the state  unemployment insurance act." The  statement reads in part:  "In certain trades specially affected by thc demands incidental to thc  supply of munitions and in which  there is, therefore, a grave risk of  serious dislocation on the cessation  of war demands, all work people are  to be insured whether they are indi-,  vidually employed on war work or  not. These trades arc thc manufacture of ammunition, fireworks, and  explosives; chemicals, including oils,  lubricants, soap, candles, paints,  colors and varnish; metals and metal  goods; rubber and goods made therefrom; leather and leather goods;  brick, cement and artificial stone and  other artificial building materials;  sawmilling, including machine woodwork, and thc manufacture of wooden  cases.  "Apart from workpeople in these  scheduled trades the act insures all  munition workers as such. Briefly,  this means that all workpeople engaged in making or repairing any  kind of articles for naval or military  use for thc Allies will be insurable.  This will include men and women  engaged in making uniforms, tents,  brushes and an infinite number of  things which complete thc equipment  of  soldiers   and  sailors.  "The temporary scheme of insurance embodied in the new act will  remain in operation for five years  from the present date, or for thret  years after thc termination of the  war, whichever may be longer Thc  rates of contribution and benefit arc  the same as in thc original act of  1911, which applied to the building,  engineering and shipbuilding trades.  Contributions at the rate of ten  cents a week will be paid by means  of unemployment insurance stamps  affixed to an unemployment book by  the employer, who may then recover  the workman's share by deduction  from his wages. The benefits amount  to $1.68 a week up to a maximum of  fifteen weeks in any twelve .months.  On and after September 4 it will be  an offence to employ workpeople in  any of thc trades mentioned above  or on munitions work without paying the unemployment insurance  contribution due."  The Origin ofthe  Term "Electricity",  Word in Greek Language Is Used to  Describe Substance of  Amber  Millions of persons today who are  living in an electrical age undoubtedly do not know where the term  electricity originated, and how people came-to use the word universally  to signify -that power which performs the myriad wonders that we  see daily.       "-���������--. t   ,' i,   -^  From Elektran, the ' Greek word  for amber, is derived the word electricity, which is now extende'd to  signify not only its power of attracting light bodies when it is agitated  by rubbing with silk, ^fur, etc., but  other powers connected with it, in  whatever bodies they may be communicated, says the Electrical Experimenter.  The attractive nature of electrified amber is occasionally mentioned by Pliny and other later naturalists; particularly by Gassendus,  Kenclm, Digby and Sir Thomas  Brown.   -  Very exhaustive "experiments have  been carried out by William Gilbert, a native of Colchester, and a  physician al London, who, in his  excellenl Latin treatise, "De Mag-  ncte," published in the"year 1600, relates .a great variety of electrical experiments, which were allied in nature lo the properties possessed by  amber., He has disclosed several of  the substances" which had .these peculiar properties of attracting light  bodies when agitated by a material.  Amber was used by "the ancient  world as a jewel for'decoration. lis  color and lustre reminded the fanciful Greeks of the virgin, gold which  glistened in the hands of Pactolus,  even as the brilliant metal itself had  recalled to them the yellow sunshine. Afterwards-they applied the  same name to the compounds of  metals which, when burnished, have  a golden glow."  They were all children of the sun  "Elector" ��������� reflecting in miniature  its ra'diancc. Thus in common with  native gold and the silver-gold alloys, thc amber, in Hellenic speech,  came  to  be called "Elektron."  Dr. Gilbert has found various other -  substances capable of attracting  light bodies when rubbed, similar to  thc rcmarkat'e properly of amber,  which he called "Electrics." Ever  since his time the name "Electricity"  has been emploj-ed to denote the  characteristic property possessed by  these substances and all the other  manifestations of a similar nature  with which wc are all more or less  familiar todav.  Permits for Settlers' Fires  "I can," said the bashful young  man to the director of thc film company, "swim, dive, run an auto, fly  an aeroplane, fence, box, shd"ot, ride  a horse, run a motor boat, play golf,  fight, make love, fall off cliffs, rescue  heroines, play football, die naturally,  and kiss a girl."  "But," interrupted thc famous  director, ''can you act?"  "Alas!" muttered the would-be  screen hero, "I never thought of  that."  "Engaged," growled thc director,  and another screen star was born."  Legislation   Is   Urgently   Needed   in  Several Provinces  Every province of Canada has  learned by bitter experience the enormous destruction of forest wealth  that follows the unregulated burning  of debris resulting from settlers'  clearing operations. Owing lo their  proximity to the virgin forest, these  clearing fires, when set out during  dry times, or v,ith insufficient supervision, spread in many cases beyond  control, and have caused the destruction of millions of dollars worth of  timber, which otherwise would have  furnished employment for Canadians and raw material lor Canadian  industries.  In  British  Columbia, Quebec, New  Brunswick     and   Nova    Scotia,   laws  have been enacted for the control of  this   menace,   by  forbidding   the   setting  out   of  clearing   fires   except  on  permit signed by a forest officer.    A  similar    provision  will    no  doubt be  considered    by  thc  Ontario   Government this winter.   There still remain,  for similar  consideration,  thc prairie  provinces,      Alberta,      Saskatchewan  and Manitoba.    The    northern    portions  ol"   these  provinces  arc  largely  in forest, and vast.areas must always  remain   unsuited     to   any   other  purpose than the growing of timber. The  forest reserves already established in  these    provinces    total  some    33,226  square miles.    Many times more timber  has  been  uselessly destroyed  by  fire than has ever been cut.    The remaining  depicted  resources   arc  urgently   needed   for  local   consumption,  with   limited   export    possibilities,   in  addition.    Forestry officers state that  the greatest damage to the forest reserves is through  fires which originated outside them, and that the most  important single source of such fires  is thc unregulated clearing operations  of settlers in  the vicinity of thc  reserves.  This demonstrates that thc provincial governments of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba should enact  legislation providing for the control  of settlers' burning operations, in  forest sections, under thc permit  system, as has been done in other  provinces. While general legislation  would be highly desirable, and amply  justified, the most urgent immediate  need would be met by making the  permit system effective throughout a  belt of from three to six miles wide,  along thc exterior boundaries of the  forest reserves. It is already effective within the reserves, under Dominion, legislation, but action by the  provinces is heeded to provide for  thc situation on the outside!���������C. L.,  in Conservation.���������  "You've got to be pretty smooth  to get to thc top nowadays."  "Yes, and you usually get smooth  on the top before you get there."���������  London Saturday  Tournal.  y :TfiE ::V:GAZEStE.,-'':^  "���������-���������-{ ���������  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  Fisheries'  Yield  America's fisheries    yield  a  return  >f $20,000,000���������-double    lhat of England.  What Is tne Acid ?  THE CAUSE OF BACKACHE,  RHEUMATISM, GRAVEL  AND SUDDEN DEATH.  Ever since the discovery of arie acid  in the blood by Scheele, in 1775, and  the bad effect it had upon the body,  Bcientists and physicians have striven  to rid the tissues and the blood of  this poison. Because of its overabundance in the system it causes  backache, pains here and there, rheumatism, gout, gravel, neuralgia and  Bciatica. it was Dr. Pierce who discovered a new agent, called "Anuric,"  which will throw ont and completely/  eradicate this uric acid from the system. "Anuric" has proved to be 37  times more potent than lithia, and  consequently you need no longer fear  muscular or articular rheumatism or  gout, or many other diseases which are  dependent on an accumulation of uric  acid within the body.- Send to Dr.  Pierce, of the invalids' Hotel and Surgical Institute, Buffalo, N. Y., for a  pamphlet on "Anuric," or send 10 cents  for a trial package of "Anuric Tablets."  if you feel that tired, worn-out  feeling, backache, neuralgia, or if your  eleep is disturbed by too frequent  urination, go to your best drug store  and ask for Dr. "E*ferce's Anuric Tablets.  They are put up in 50-cenfc packages.  Doctor Pierce's reputation is back of  this medicine and you know that his  "Golden Medical Discovery'' for the-  blood and his "Favorite Prescription"  for the ills ot women have had a splendid reputation for the past fifty years.  Doctor Pierce's Pellets are nnequaled  as a Liver Pill. One ttny Sugar-coated  Pellet a Dose. Cure Sick Headache,  Bilions Headache, Dizziness, Constipation, indigestion, Bilious Attacks, and  all derangement!" ot the Liver, Stomach  and Bowels.  she  saidL  whether he's thc sort of heir a man  in his lordship's place is likely lo be  proud of. Come down with me, and  we'll slip into the night nursery, and  you can see him and judge for yourself."  Mabin would rather have been .left  in her room lo struggle with her difficulties, but the    housekeeper insist  healthier boy who  threatens  his place," cried the girl.  ��������� Mrs.    Lowndes, as 'to lhat,  tained a judicious silence.  to take  main-  and her son  should be  Lord Moor-]    "Well," said Mabin with some rc-  hamplon.     Whal   else could he have I luctancc, "I know more than you do  meant, than'that he meant to put the  other poor boy out of the way?"  But the  one thing thc  old  depen-  "lust you come and sec the child,"',..    . ,,     ,,      .   -    , ,,-     .  -' '      "and  judge    for   yourself   *������".of thc Moorhamp ons could not  J     *"     - ,..:_J..    brook was  any scandalous  aspersion  upon a member of "the family," and  it was evident that she was ready to  take the part of Lady Moorhamp.-  ton, and even of her worthless brother, against the intruder who dared  to bring such a charge against the  mistress of the house as that of conspiring against her son's rival.  ed, and'together they left the room, 1     "Yo"    m������st   have,   misunderstood  went quietly down the back staircase,' Miss--Wrest,  .-she  said  sharply.       If  quietly  and entered thc nursery.  The fire was burning in the grate,  but there was no other light in thc  room, except whal came through thc  half-open door of the night nursery,  into which it led.  But there came lo their ears thc  sound of voices from the inner room.  anything of  the kind had been  said,  1   must  have- heard  it  too."  "You did hear it," retorted Mabin  fiercely., "You can't have failed to  hear just -.what I heard, and you  know very well that this Mr. Wright  is a man capable of any wickedness."  1T  Room  Nineteen  ^  BY-  ^  FLORENCE WARDEN  WARD. LOCK &CO..UM1TED  Ludoa. MdbouTBe. and 1 ofcaio  J>  "Indeed,    I know nothing    against  ���������,,,,,���������     , . ...       T , him except that he is a little loo fond  "My lady!" whispered Mrs Lown-, of lhc whisky ������������������ replied Mrs. Lowndes, laying her hand quickly upon dcs quickiy_ ��������� ������And t snould never  Mabin s arm,    and Air. Wright. ; have  taken  you  downstairs  with  me  Before they could retreat, they, if I had supposed you could make up  both heard Lady Moorliampton's ' such' a tale without any foundation."  voice, saying in a whimpering tone: Mrs_ Lowndes was elderly, and had  "My poor boy! My poor, poor boy! ' authority and the dignity that comes  So he'll be a beggar after all, thrown 0f t)ie h^ of commanding subord-  out by this wretched child from the inafcs, but she could not overawe thc  Lord knows whcreJ"      ' girl.    Alabin'knew too much.    There  Mabin, struck with horror at hav- was a" pause, for she saw it to be use-  ing overheard whal was certainly not less to expect to find an ally in the  intended for her cars, struggled to ' old housekeeper. But Mrs. Lowndes  get away. But the housekeeper,: was not satisfied. She dreaded what  afraid of "being discovered, held her! might come of this, and she did not  fas-hw. just long enough for Joe like the look of Mabin's mouth.  Wright's voice to reach their ears, as "I'm sure, Miss Wrest," she said  he cried  energetically: presently,    with  .an  attempt    to  be  "Cheer up, cheer up. Stand by your  more conciliatory, "that you wouldn't  brother, and your boy shall be Lord  hke .th������| .ld/-a 9.f. b*;,ing lookc4 uPon as  - -      -   ������ J - - a  mischief-maker.  "No," said Mabin. rather shortly.  "But there's worse mischief in the air  than any I  could make."  Thc    housekeeper    tried  to  laugh  CHAPTER XI. away her fears.  Mabin fell the* hand of Mrs. Lown- "No no, you mustn't take so seri-  des tighten on her arm, as the signi- *?"s1'', *h.e idle words of a man like  ficant words exchanged between Mr- Wl^ ��������� .sh.c- sai(f, !��������������� sure  Lady Moorhampton and her rascally  >'ou can.* think h<r wouId really,ever  hrnthrr   reirhed   thoir   ears do  an>   hai"m   to  the  poor  Y0UnS boy  brother i cached their cars    _ - that>s     coming    herc!     wh       such  ihe    impulse which    had impelled   things are not done nowadays."  the girl to make known her presence j     "Aren't they?"    said Mabin    drily,  by   some   sound,  so  as   to  avoid  thc, "Then, if people are not put out  of  suspicion    of being an eavesdropper,-��������� lhe way nowadays, why arc there so  had died  away within  her.     Submis-  many people hanged?"  about this Mr. Wright. And it was  what I know about him' which  brought mc here today."  Naturally enough,'these words, reluctantly spoken, drew from the  housekeeper an impassioned appeal  to her to tell everything; and' Mabin, believing that thus, and ,thus  alone, she would secure the powerful alliance- of Mrs. Lowndes in her  campaign on behalf of .little "Dibs,"  made a confidante of her, and told  her all that had happened<"at thc office of Mr. Fryer, and at the hotel.  (To Be Continued.)  Useful Waste Paper  ./ There arc many uses - to which  waste paper can be put by Scouts.  For instance, -brown paper makes an  efficient'chest protector for cyclists  when worn beneath- coat and shirt,  and serve also'" as temporary leggings and socks. Common .waste pa-,  per can be utilized as stuffing for  pillows and as a substitute for- hay  in fireless cookers.       *- ��������� -.>*  ... "We    want ' to)   buy   a  "mattress,  please." / . "-  "Yes, madam; a spring'mattress?"r  "No, one for all thc year round." -' ���������  Moorhampton,    never fear.    Rcmcm  ber, Edric won't dare to do anything,  whatever happens 1"  sively she allowed the housekeeper to  draw her gradually and without noise  back in the direction of thc door, ������o  Mrs.     Lowndes    'looked     nervous  again.  "Such things are not done in" well  that    they might  withdraw    without, conducted houses like this;" she said.  (Continued.)  There came a soft knock at the  door and Mrs. Lowndes' voice,- asking ,if she might come in. Mabin  sprang to her feet and welcomed the  housekeeper, whom already she looked upon as a friend.  By     some   of   those    underground  their presence in the outer nursery  being suspected.  But as they reached the door and  Mrs. Lowndes turned lo open it,  they made a slight sound by stepping  on one of the loose boards in the  flooring of thc old house, and-Lady  Moorhampton, suddenly awake to  the danger of being overheard, cried  out from the night nursery:  "Who's that?"  Mrs. Lowndes made no answer,  but dragging Mabin quickly out into  thc corridor, shlv^ the door of lhe day  nursery, and drove her in thc direction of thc staircase by which they  had come down from thc second  floor.  They heard Lady Moorliampton's  voice speaking with  excitement,  and  channels which convey all news   con  cerning thc "family" to thc principal both Mabin and Mrs. Lowndes found  dependents, thc housekeeper had al- it prudent to get out of-the way as  ready learnt of the existence of a speedily as they could. Luckily, they  claimant to the position of the- vis- got round the angle of thc corridor  count's heir, and she came in with before their pursuers had .passed  eyes  blazing with  excitement. j through thc day nursery.   Then they  Mabin burst into tears. I heard Lady Moorliampton's voice in  "Hush,"    she     said.     "Don't    talk  thc corridor repeating sharply to her  .about it.    It's horrible that thc poor  brother  'And you can't suppose, Miss Wrest,  that 1 shouldn't take thc thing seriously if they were, possible here."  "I wonder," remarked Mrs. Brown,  as she put down her paper, "what  "they'll do with the Kaiser when thc  war's over? I suppose they'll lake  his crown away from him aud make  him look for another job."  "Perhaps," agreed Brown, "and I  rather fancy I know the job he'll  choose."  "What's that?"  "A diver's."  "Why?" asked Mrs. Brown.  "So that he can inspect- his fleet  now and again,"' was the reply.  The Silver Lining  Pale, but nevertheless'smiling-con* '  ���������tcntcdly,   Mrs.   Lcvinski   entered   her  lawyer's    office.    -Taking  the     chair   ,  before  the desk,- she  said:  "I've had   -  another   accident,   Mr.   Berg.'       Last  night I slipped on thc sidewalk-down  lown and got hurt.    The doctor says  I   ought   lo  have  damages."  "Why, Mrs. Levinski," exclaimed  the lawyer, "isn't this the third accident within a month?"  "Yes," replied she proudly, "ain't ?    "  lucky?"���������Youth's Companion.  boy should have to conic here, where  he will be looked upon as an intruder by everybody."  "Not by his lordship," said Mrs.  Lowndes quickly. And forgetting  her discretion in  thc intensity of her  "Someone's been listening. I wonder who  it was!"  "Never mind. What does it matter?" they heard Joe Wright say.  For one moment they feared that  they    might be    pursued; but    Lady  interest in this new development, she  Moorhampton turned in tlie opposite  went    on:  "How    can  he    like    thc  direction,  and they were able  to  cs-  in thc  thought    of being succeeded  title by an idiot?"  ''An idiot?" gasped*Mabin.  The    housekeeper    felt    that  could not draw back.  "Well,   that's   only   saying   a   little  too much,"    she admitted, hurriedly.  she  "Nobody thinks thc child is all there.  If he isn't    what they call    a down- hampton  what I heard them say.  right idiot, he will never be of much   must."  cape by thc staircase and to reach  Mabin's room, where they shut themselves in without noise and looked at  each other.  At first neither cared to speak  about what they had heard. Then  Mabin said:  "I  sliall   have   to  tell   Lady  Moor-  account anyway, in body.or in mind,  by what the doctors say, and by  what one can see oneself."  "Does Lady Moorhampton know  that?" she asked.  "She won't know it," replied the  housekeeper quickly. "She's persuaded  herself,  poor  thing,   that  he'll  be  Her eyes were ablaze. Mrs. Lowndes affected not to have heard anything.  "I shouldn't do that, if I were you,"  she said. "It would only do harm.  Besides, what did you hear? Nothing of any consequence. I'm sure of  that,    for what you    heard I  heard  m  f.  Modern Scourge  and  How  to  Meet it.  ?.,'i'^i  >>*r*l  ~,<.\  4  **** i  S?  all right some day, and that he's only  too.  suffering from delicacy, and that he'll  grow out of it." _���������  "Then    she  will  hate    a stronger,  When Your Eyes Need Care  Vims Murine Eye Medicine. NoSmarting���������Feela  Fine ��������� Acta Quickly. Try it tor Red, Weak,  Bore Eyes and Granulated Eyelids. Murine is  compounded by our Oculista���������not a "Patent  Medicine"���������but used in Hucceasf nl Physicians'  Practice for many years. Now dedicated to  the Public and sold by Druggists at 50c per  Bottle. Murine Eye Salve, in Aseptic Tut job,  S5c and 50c. Write for book ot tlie Eve Pre*  Murine Eye Remedy Company Chicago. Adv  W��������� H  u.  1135  Mabin  glared at her keenly.  ."Nothing of any consequence!"  echoed she, amazed. "Not when that  horrible man threatened to make  away with Mr. Ciprian's child, so  that this baby should be his father's  heir?"'  "Oh,' hush, hush,"' said thc housekeeper, much shocked. "You've misunderstood, Miss Wrest. I'm sure  Mr. Wright never could have meant  that." _  Mabin, however, stood her ground.  _ "He must have meant it," she persisted, "because otherwise there  would have been no sense at all in .his  words.   He told her to stick to him,  - The   speed  at  which we live, the hustle now so  necessary  for   success   have   unfortunately a very  adverse effect on the nervous and digestive systems  of Canadians.  The baneful results, increased lately  to an alarming degree, often lay the seeds of more  deadly trouble, but it will be satisfactory-to learn  of the ever-increasing popularity in  the Dominion, of the Great  British-Remedy, Dr. Cassell's Tablets.  Dr. Ramsay Colics, J.P. of the City of Dublin, a man of high eminence in the scientific  world, savs :���������" I have great pleasure in expressing my satisfaction as to the curative effect'of  Dr. Cassell's Tablets in cases of nerve troubles. . From several cases which have lately come under  my notice lam able to form the opinion lhat Dr. Cassell's Tablets constitute a safe and reliable  family remedy, and appear to be specially effective for nerve and bodily weakness." ' -  Dr. Cassell's Tablets are Nutritive, Restorative, Alterative, and Anti-Spasmodic, and of great  therapeutic value in all derangements of the Nerve, Digestive, and Functional Systems in old or  ycung. They are the recognised modern home remedy for Dyspepsia, Nervous Breakdown,  Stomach Catarrh.'Kidney Disease, Nerve and Spinal Paralysis, Infantile Paralysis, Rickets, Jit.  Vifus' Dance, Anaemia, Sleeplessness, Brain Fag, Headache, Palpitation, Wasting Diseases, Vital  Exhaustion, Loss of Flesh, and Premature Decay. Specially valuable for Nursing Mothers and  during the Critical Periods of Life. - _  Druggists and Dealers throughout Canada sell Dr. Cassell's Tablets. If not procurable in your city send to tbe  sole agents, Harold F. Ritchie & Co., Ltd., 10, AlcCaul Street, Toronto; 1 tube 50 cents, 6 tubes for the price oi five.  Sole. Proprietors:���������Dr. Cassell's Co., Ltd., Manchester, Eng.  4t  GET A FREE 'SAMPLE  Stud ynu- name and Uirtst md S ctait tor  pottmi*, etc., lo HoroU F. RtUkit * Co., iii.  10, McC.fl Strtet, Toronto, *M e (tntnus  tm*pLt mil bt m.il*d vou fret ot ebvfi.  A.  '^^^\^^^^^W^^������Mi  j Confectionery-  Stationery  Toys  Tobaccos  Cigars  Pipes  Subscriptions   re-  Mag-zines,  Newspapers,  Pt-i-iodicals.  ceived for any Publication at List Price.  T. H. ROTHERHAM  Coleman & 60.  "The Big Store"  General  Merchants  KEREMEOS, B. C.  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of all  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing lana, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremeos, B.C.  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year $2.00  "   (United States>..  2.50  Advertising Rates "  Measurement, l'i lines to the Inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, $1.25 for one insertion,/25 cents for  each Hubsequent insertion. Over one inch,  12 conts per line for-first'insertion and 8  cents por line for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  $1.25; over 1 inch and up to i inches, $1.00  per inch permonth. To constant advertisers  taking larger space than four inches, on  application, rates will be given of reduced  charges, based on size of space and length  of time.  Certificate of Improvements.  $10.00  ("Where more than one claim appears  in notice, $2.50 for each additional  claim.)  Jas. W. Giuer, Publisher.  about as lionost as the other.  Both arc believers in the patronage, or pull, method of obtaining positions. The public  can gamble that there won't be  aland problem in four years.  The remnants will all have disappeared. Mr. Patullo was  quite right in -appointing Mr.  Naden to the position. He will  prove an able' successor to an  exceptionally brilliant, energetic and corteous departmen-  tat head, and it is fully in accord with Grit traditions in the  Youkon. Premier Brewster is  getting some jolts on patronage.  }     .  : L��������� ��������� -   Hforriage of Miss Vance.  The following taken from thc  Tropical Sun,', published at West  Palm Beach, Florida. Miss  Vance was for a time teacher  at Olalla, and is a sister of  Arthur _ Vance of the Nickel  Plate mine:  "Leaving her home in British Columbia with the temperature at thirty degrees below  zero, Miss Ella M. Vance arrived in this city Tuesday morning to wed Claude H. Right-  mire of Stuart, resident engineer for the county. The  wedding was the culmination  of a romance which began' six  years ago when Mr. Rigbtmire  was on a survey expedition in  British  Columbia,   The trip to  Florida roquired tho prospective bride lo travel for eight  days continuously, leaving tho  frozen north for the balmy climate of southern Florida.' Mr.  Rigbtmire is the resident engineer for the county at Stuart.  He is the son of Judge and Mrs.  W. F. Rightmire of Stuart."  That '-Thirty below zero" will  have to slide. The editor of the  Tropical Sun is too far away to  "head up," however our congratulations to Mr. and Mrs.  Rightmire for their courage in  marrying in the sizzling climate  of Florida.  ;. If the public censor really  wishes to earn his salary he  should inteiii Bourassa and suppress his rag.  U.BEflL  PAINTING  PflPER-flflNGING,  KflLSOMINING  TERMS MODERATE  Hedley, B. C Jan. 25,  1017.  " He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me."  With this issue The Gazette  starts  on  its   thirteenth   year.  Whether or not "thirteen" will  ptove a lucky number remains  to   be seen.    The  probabilities  are that Hedley camp  will be a  busy one  this year,  providing  owners are   satisfied   to   have  their claims developed on working bonds.    It is to be regretted  that the days for  cash deposits  on  prospects are gone.    Years  ago  location  near a producing  or developed property was the  same as a balance  in the bank.  Now, capital has two questions  to ask: Is there ore in quantity  and value in sight  to  justify a  cash payment? or, will you allow   us a year   on   a  working  bond to develope and arrive at  some estimate of the ore body ?  If either of these conditions is  not  agreed   to  by   the   owner  capital moves on to some other  camp.   It is the privilege of the  man with  the money to invest  or not do  so.    Tho  man with  with the goods to sell must comply or shelve his stock.  R. A. Renwick, deputy minister of lands has been canned  and Geo. R. Naden appointed in  his place. Tho party papers are  howling about the incident. It  has been our misfortune to become acquainted with both.  Bob has contracted a large head  in the past few years, George  always had one.   One   is just|  6opri������t'������.HT-.  YOU CAN SMILE  if you have your teeth attended  to by us and the smile with  other wiles will come mighty  near catching even Cupid himself.  WELL-KEPT TEETH  help win and keep the admiration of youth or maiden. Have  us cai*e for your teeth and  they'll be admired and not  criticized. We're dentistry experts, at moderate prices.  DR, F. T. ROBINSON  Dentist.  Office with Dr. Lewis, Oroville, Wash.  Agent Wanted!  EMPIRE SEMI-TRIMMED  WALL PAPERS  (Patented)  Nationally AdrerMstd  The Greatest Wall Paper Jjvtmi-  Uoa of tho age.  A TWIST OP THE WRIST  IXIM3 THE BOLL  Ko  knife,   scissors  or   straight  ���������dge repaired.  Paper    hanging;    mad*     eaiy,  ftulcfcar, cleaner and better.  As energetic agent ii wanted to  this locality to eliaw aamplei and  ���������olielt orderi from houieholden.  Hand!omelr 1>eund cample books  Showing bundrede of beautiful, ex-  clnsiT*    patterua    are    furniihtd  agenti free.  Orer 2,100 agents are  miking  large profits.  Applicants pleas* stato eceups.  tion, age, aad surrounding villages  can canrais, when full particulars  will be furnished.  H& EMPIRE WALL PAPER  CO., LIMITED  WINNIPE0      2mJ&  ��������� ���������"��������� ������������������������������������������������������ in mm  DALY AVE.   -   -   tlEDLEY, B.C.  Be'Nickel Plate  Barber_SHop  SATISFACTORY, SANITARY  .,- T0NS0R1AL SERVICE  TliSjShop it equipped with  Baths and all the latest  Electrical  Appliances.  W.T.BUTLER, - Prop.  A. F. & A. M.  BE  REGUIjAR monthly meetings of  Hedloy Lodge No. 13, A. F. & A. M.,  are hold on tho second Friday in  ?uch month in Fraternity hall. Hedley. Visiting  brothi-on are cordially invited to attend.  0. H.SPROULE,  W. M  S. E. HAMILTON  Secretary  L. O. L.  The Regular    meetings of  Hedley Lodge 1714 are neld on  the  first and third Monday in  every month in rho Orange Hall  Ladies meet 2nd and 1 Mondays  Visiting brethci-n aro cordially invited  W. LONSDALE, W. M.  II. F. JONKS. Sec't. "  SO   "YEARS  EXPERIENCE  Trade Marks  Designs  Copyrights Ac  Anyone sending asketrli and description may  quickly ascertain our opinion freo whether an  lnventiou la probably patentable. Communications strictly confidential. HANDBOOK on Paterae  sent free. OltleBt agency for Becuriug patents.  Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive  special notice, without chr.rge. in the  Scientific jlttierican.  nely Illustrated weekly. I.nr������rest clr-  t any scientific Journal. Terms, S3 a  - months, SL 8old byall newsdealers.  & Co.36,Broai-wa^ New Yorfr  A handsomely Illustrated weekly.  Branch Offlrr. "���������>.���������-. V St- WnshlnetPn D. O.  DOMINION OF CANADA  THREE-YEAR  War Savings Certificates  $ 25.OO   for    $21 .50  50.00      " 43. OO  ioo.oo    *���������������������������       se.oo  INDIVIDUAL PURCHASES LIMITED TO $1503.  FOR FULL PARTICULARS APPLY AT ANY BANK  OR ANY MONEY ORDER POST OFFICE  JAN.  9,   J9S7  inanoe   dspartmsnt  Ottawa  |HOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAVE FUNDS.REQUIRING  INVESTMENT MAY PURCHASE  AT PAR  OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK  IN   SUMS  OF $SOO OR  ANY  MULTIPLE THEREOF.  Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.  Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free of exchange at  any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of  purchase.  Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest,  as th������ equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue  in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security.  Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.  A commission of one-quarter of one.per cent,will be allowed to recognized bond and  steck brokers on allotments made in respect of applications for this stock which bear their  stamp.  For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.  DtPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA,  OCTOBER 7th, 1916.  -���������������������������������������"-

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