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The Hedley Gazette Jan 8, 1914

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 I  -I  /  If  ������j?  If  AND SIMILKAMEEN ADVERTISER.  -Volume X.  HEDLEY, B.C., THURSDAY, JANUARY 8. 1914.  .NUMDEK   1.  I'd  Dr. C. A. JACKSON  DENTIST  [18 year's practice in Vancouver.]  S. 6. L. C'o.'s Block  PENTICTON,       -       -       B. C.  SIR    RICHARD'S CHEERY   NOTE  British Columbia's   Premier  Gives New  Year Greeting: and Sees Prosperous  Present and Future  ���������  N. Thompson riro.vi: skyjiouu 591''  MGlt. WKSTI'U.N* CANADA"  Cammell Laird & Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturers  .   Sheffield,-Engr.  Offices and Warehouse. 8I7:C>;' Ucntty Street-  Vancouver, B. C.  Hedley    fliners'    and   Tlillmen'5  "    Union, No. 161, W- F. of M.  Regular meetings of the Hedley Loci., Xo.  161 are held on the first mid third Wednesday  in.the month in Fraternity hall and the second  aud fourth Wednesday nb the X. P. "Mine  O. IVI. Stbvkns     '"' T. K. WiLi.rsy  1 President Fin-Secretary.  A. F.   & A. .  - REGULAR monthly meetings of  Hedley Lodge No. 13, A. F. & A. I\L,  are held on the second Friday in  each month in Fraternity hall. Hedley. Visiting  brethren'are cordially invited to attend.  S. E. HAH1LTON,  W. IVI  H. D. BARNES  Secretary  MODERN WOODMEN  OF AMERICA  Hedley Local Camp meets in  Fraternity Hall the first Thursday only'1 in the month.  R. J. COBHIGAN  ���������; ���������;' Counsel  H. G. Fhee.man  Clerk.  L.O. L.  Regular monthly meetings of  Hedley Lodge 1744 are held on  the   third   Monday   in    every  ���������i5^������"j������^^month in Fraternity Hall.  Visit  ing brethern are cordially invited to attend.  H. J.JON ES'-W.'M.  G. H. TURNER. Sec't.  DR. J. L. MASTERS  DENTIST  Will be at-Home office in Oroville, 1st  to 20th of each month.  Office 011 North   Main   Street.  P. W. GREGORY  CIVIL ENGINEER and BRITISH  COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building      " Princeton  lA/alterCJayton  Barrister. Solicitor, Etc.  HONEY TO LOAN  PENTICTON,  B. C.  GREAT NORTHERN HOTEL  HEDLEY B.C.  Bar and Table the Best.   Rates Moderate  First Class Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor  Grand Union |  Hotel i  HEDLEY,  British Columbia  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  of Liquor and Cigars  A.  WINKLER,     Proprietor  When   writing; Advertisers  Mention the Gazette.  Please  Victoria. B. C, Dec. 31.���������In wishing  the people of this province a happy  New Year, Sir Richard McBride, premier of'British Columbia, struck tlie  chord of optimism and dominant faith'  in the future greatness of the province,  both as a unit.and as an integral part  of the Dominion of Carrada, and, therefore, of the great British empire, which  has been the theme of his statesmanship since he first entered the political  arena.  "We have put- oirr ��������� hands to the  plow and will not look back," said Sir  Richard McBride, "and the year that  has just passed should be a milestone  of splendid encouragement in our forward march. The need of the day in  this province is not for more optimism, for' I do not believe that there is  tt man who has a stake in this province who does not in the depths of his  heart firmly believe irr its future greatness, but the need today is rather for  an outward expression of our faith.  "The policy of railway development  inaugurated two years ago on which  the work of our ednstructive'depart-  ments is founded, has been pushed  forward vigorously during the year.  It is quite safe to say that the railway  programme now being carried,out in  British Columbia is not only the  largest but is also attracting more  widespread attention than any similar  program under construction.  "The Pacific Great Eastern has 5,000  men now engaged on the work, distributed over 170 miles, and I believe  that next year will see a train running from Howe Sound to Lillooet.  Nearly 15 miles of steel' have already  been laid nqrth of Newport and a large  amount of grading has been done between that poiirt and Lillooet.  "With regard to the Canadian Northern there has been a record made in  railroad building in this .province  which I believe is hardly paralleled in  any other part of this country. There  are today 220 miles of steel laid on the  mainland. Grading and tracking is  practically continued throughout the  uncompleted sections and I am confident that by the first day of July,  1914, a great section of the work-will  be completed. On Vancouver Island  there are 167 miles of Canadian Northern line and it is hoped that by the  first day of July there will be trains in  operation on practically the whole of  the system.  "Ihe Kettle Valley railway, through  Nicola, Boundary and Okanagan districts is being vigorously prosecuted,  and according to a statement issued a  few weeks ago by the president of the  line the road.will be in operation within eighteen months.  "At the present rate of progress the  two ends of steel of the Grand Trunk  Pacific will be connected by May 15th  next. The present year has witnessed  a greater* amount of progress in the  National Transcontinental line than  any previous year.  "Mr. J. J. Hill has completed his arrangements for the conquering of the  Coquihalla summit and the Vancorr  ver', Victoria and Eastern, by its connections with the American branches  of the system, will make direct communication with Hope and Vancouver  and in this way with Victoria.  "With regard to the Canadian Pacific railway, large terminal improvements have, been undertaken at Vancouver at an approximate cost of $2,-  500,000. These corrrprise new passenger statiorrs aird general office, a dock  for the British Columbia coast service,  with proper freight and passenger  facilities and two overhead bridges at  Burrard and Granville streets.  "Never irr the history of British Columbia has this province stood so high  in the financial markets of the world  as it does today. Our policy of conservative development has been carefully studied and no stronger endorsement of the financial standing of British Columbia could have been received than the way which our temporary  loan of $1,500,000 was subscribed recently in London and the terms on  which we were able to place this issue  excited favorable comrrrerrt in the  great hub of the financial world.  Contlnuoi on Pap*o Two  PARCELS POST THIS MONTH  Postoffice     Department     and    Railway  Reaching Understanding���������Want  Allowance Trebled  Ottawa." Dec. 81.���������Officials of the  postoffice department are haul at  work arranging tho details of the parcel post system provided   for  irr    the  bill passed by parliament-last session.  Although there still remains a good  deal to be done, they are confident  that the system will he inaugurated  before the end of January. Some important matters have still to be dealt  with, but they will be taken up as  soon as Hon. L. P. Pelletier returns lo  the capital. That-will be eaily next  week.  The arrangement with the railways  has riot yet been made, but it is said  vthat the department and the railways  are getting closer together every day.  The railways want their allowance of  approximately $2, 000,000 for the carrying of the mails increased to $0,000,  0U0. Their demand amounts to compensation for the loss of the express  business. It is probable that the  railways will have to accept a consider-ably smaller a rrioti t.  CANADIAN  COWHIDE DID IT  WORK ON THE DAM  The Strenuos Kick  Put Up by the Canadian Similkameen Made the G. N.  R. Coon Come Down  DAILYTRAIN SERVIRERESUMES  Great    Northern   Restores   the   Service  Without Waiting to Represent Case  Before Railway Commission  Quicker even than it was taken away  the daily train service on this run was  restor ed by the G. N. li.  That this was caused by the prompt,  decisive action of the Canadian Railway Commission there, is no reason to  doubt, and the people of the Similkameen have good reason to appreciate  the prompt and effective attention  given to the matter, by their representatives at Ottawa and Victoria.  The daily papers showed that the  Railway Com mission had cited the  Great Northern to appear before thern  at Ottawa on January 7th, but the  fact that the railway company restored the service on the first of the month  bears out the opinion -generally: held  that the move for.curtailment had not  come from St. Paul but from a minor  official, and that as soon as St. Paul  was -apprised" of the situation by the  Canadian Railway Commission they  did "a little bit of .family disciplining on  their own account--and the speedy restoration was part of it.  Minor officials often get pitch-forked  into positions where it becomes a case  of the job being too big for the man  and he becomes lost in the interior  vastness of his environment. A little  learning is a dangerous thing and too  close study of the particular* department of railway economics which has  to do with the interest on the cost of  construction may prove too strong  meat arrd lead the victim to do queer  things.  MILLIONS ON EDUCATION  British   Columbia Expended   $4,658,894  During- iqi3  The school year ending June 30,  1013, was probably the most successful year in the history of education in  this province. The total enrolment in  all the colleges and schools was 57.-  608, an increase of 743S over that of  the previous year.  "It is the largest yearly increase  since the establishment of the public  school system irr 1872," says Dr. Alexander Robinson, superintendent of  education.  The percentage of regular ,ai tendance is almost gratifying, being  75.12, the highest in the history of  our public schools.  The cost to the Provincial Government of education proper for* the year  was $1,032,038.60. During the sarrre  period the department of works expended on irew buildings and on repairs to old schools the sum of $G30,j  964.74, making a total cost to the  Provincial Government for education  of the sum of $1,603,003.34. In addition to this amount the incorporated  cities, rural municipalities and other  school districts spent the sum of $,-  695,891.63, making the grand total  cost of education the very large sum  of $4,658,894.87.  It looked for a while as if the dwellers in the Siinilkameen on this side  of the line would have to share with  Loomis in "Washington the honors of  wresting from the G. N. R. a recognition of our rights to daily train service. Data for that belief would be  found in - this paragraph from the  Oroville Gazette of December 2Glh.  "It hardly seems possible under  the pressure that is being brought lo  bear that the railroad can continue  the present schedule any length of  time. The wires have fahly exuded  protests for a week addresed to the  highest authorities of the United  States and Canadian governments.  Loomis citizens sent out a voluminous-  telegram to the postmaster general  and senators protesting against the  hardship, and begging for relief.  The change is a- grevious misfortune  to the people of Loomis and that  .part of the county. For over 20 years,  even through the medium of the  primitivs stage coach, that section  has been supplied with a daily rrrail  service. With the present running  of trains this service is cut dowrr to  three times a week. -The postoffice  department will hardly stand for such  a. radical change."  The next week, however, showed  that the redress for the Loomis kick  did not come from the Great Northern  but from the U. S. postal department,  for the Oroville Gazette has this in its  last week's issue:  "As a result of the stenuous appeal  for' help sent out hy residents of the  Loomis country, wherr deprived of a  daily mail service by the change of  schedule irr the running of trains to  Princeton," Postmaster' Mills received  the following laconic but straight-to-  the-pornt telegram from the fourth assistant postmaster general 'Saturday'  evening: ������������������.-���������'  "Effective January 1st. Conconully-  Nighthawk route will end at Oroville,  supplying Wanicut. Have Wanicut  contractor cease service after 31st."  "Interpreted this means.that on and  after "-Thursday,  January 1st, a daily  mail service  will be inaugurated' between Oroville and Cdnconully, taking  irr  Wanicut and Loomis.    Mails for  those .postoffices  will   arrive   at and  leave this place every day, except Sunday.     The stageline from  Loomis to  Nighthawk will be abandoned, and the  Nighthawk-Conconully contract transferred to the Oroville rim.    So long as  a stage must be used for far the greater part  of the distance  between Con-  conully and Loomis  and the railroad  Oroville might as well be the terminal  of the service as  Nighthawk,  and by  establishing such a   route   the   jerkwater service  between  Wanicut and  Oroville is  eliminated.    With stages  coming  into Oroville  it will  make no  difference to the people of Loomis and  Conconully  whether trains run further west than this  point one day or-  seven days a week,   they are assured  of a regular mail delivery."  Ideal Weather Helps Out the Situation-  Water Troubles Hamper* at Times  ���������Cement Laying Begins  GOVERNOR GENERAL'S LEVEE  Duke of Connarrght Holds   New   Year  Reception.���������Ottawa's Notabilities Attend  While the weather for working on  the dam has been ideal everything has  not been clear sailing and the gang at  work on the dam have had their own  troubles to contend with. One of the  worst drawbacks met with has been  underground water- that apparently is  not coming from the river' but is some  of the water from Twenty mile which  had sunk higher up the stream, arid is  pouring into the excavations from  gravel beds encountered as they go  down.        <  The. river-  has been 'turned  against  the far bank arrd the present woi kings  are considerably   below the bed of the  'stream   but-very little   water-seems to  leak in from the direction of the river.  The water-   itself would   rrot be so   bad  if the  equipment for handling  it was  onlv  in   satisfactory working   condition-    The pumps are all-old ones that  have   served   their   time   in    various  duties about the mine and the mill for  years past and some of them have been  lying  by for years   with   the  suction  hose and other perishable parts all the  while    deteriorating,   arrd   when   the  severest  work is  required  of them at  the present time.* that'is  when some"  part is most  likely to give" out.    The  big  rotary pump  formerly   in   use  attire lake has been found of fargreater  capacity, than  anything yet required  of it, while it is in working order1,   but  when any par t of it gives out and the  pump is out of commission it doe's not  take long to drown out the other's. On  Tuesday morning the suction hose on  the  rotary gave  out and a   few hours  was sufficient to fill up the excavation  with water.     Before noon-, the repairs  had been  made and the rotary put to  work.  The ditch for the toe hold of the upstream apron of the dam has been  sunk to the necessary depth and! the  intention was to begin putting in the  cement in it on Tuesday if tire water  could have been kept out. WfcMn. this  isan there is good-reason to. expect  that much of the present flow of water  will be stopped, ft is understood that  a boiler may be installed in a. few days  to furnish steam for the pumps and  hoist instead of- having to depend on  the limited air supply that has all  along been delaying the operations.  Considerable pile driving will be  necessary in places and this'will be a,  still; further?: fox'011 the now limited,  power obtainable from the compressed  air which is gi.ving trouble from .freezing and requires nearly as, much cost-  in fuel arrd attention to keep it thawed out as would be required to generate efficient-power in steanr. - When  the boiler is, put-in commission the  work will go-faster* arrd more economical, for due economy is always hard to  secure without efficient power. Besides, time in this instance is a valuable consideration' and time saved is  money saved.  HIS  LEGACY TO ENGLISH LIBS.  Sir Wilfrid  Laurier's Attitude on  Naval  Question in Canada May Wreck  Party in  F*ig-land  Ottawa, Jan. 1.���������Arr exceptionally  large attendance was present today  at the New Year's levee of the governor-general held irr his office in the  parliament buildings. Wearing the  brilliant uniform of a field marshal, in  the British army, the duke received  his callers in his private suite and  shook harrds with over S00 men of all  walks of life during the hour of the  reception.  Among those who paid their respects  to his royal highness  were the  Right  Hon. Robert Borden,  premier; Right  Hon. Sir Wilfrid Laurier,  Hon. W. T.  White,  Hon. T. W.  Crothers,   Hon.  Robert Rogers,  Hon.  Martin Burrell,  his   excellency,   Mgr.   Stagni,   papal  delegate; Archbishop Hamilton, Archbishop Gatithier, Vicar-Gen,'Routiner.  His royal highness was attended by  his staff,  consisting of Col. Farquhar,  military secretary; Oapt. H. C. Buller,  A.D.S.O.; Capt.  A. Graham,  A.D.C.,  and Sir Edward Worthington,  M.D.,  A.D.C.  Had Sir Wilfrid Laurier been a  patriot last session instead of a petty  politician looking for fancied political  advantage he would have allowed  Canada to do justice to herself and to  Britain in supplying the three warships. When Canada, was prevented  from thus doing justice to herself it  became necessary for the First Lord  of the Admiralty irr the British Liberal cabinet to take steps to supply the  deficiency caused by Canada's failure.  Three more ships irr one year added  to the British regular plan is a hard  task for the British tax-payer to tackle, and the little-navy elemeut irr the  British Liberal party are in rebellion.  That rebellion promises disastrous  effects to the Liberal party in Britain.  A few years ago the British Liberals  politically canonized Sir Wilfrid by  presenting him with the Cobden medal. This is the legacy he has given  thern in return for it.  The Ben Hur in Republic has smelter figures to show that its output for-  the past six months was $50,000. V.'jll  ������  THE HEDLEY GAZETTE, JAN S,  1914.  e TbcoK.  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  .3*2.00:  00  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year      '". ( United Suites') :' ..  .  Advertising Rates  'Measurement. \-'lines to the incli.  LandNoticcs���������C'crtilU'.i'tes of improvement. <'tc.  ������7.00 for (HJ-duy notices, and So.IK.) for''(Mliiy  notices.  Transient Advertisements���������not 'exceeding one  ���������    incli, ������1.00 for onu insei'tlon, A", cents for  each subsequent insertion.   Over one incli.  10 cents nor linu for llrst insert ion and 5  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One incli per month  $!.&".; over 1,inch and.up to 1 inches, SI.00  per inch per month. To constant advertisers  taking larger space than  lour inches, on  application, rates will be given of reduced  charges, based on size of space and length  of time. ���������    .  A. MEGRAW. Managing ("ditor.  Full Moon  ���������    IS  Last quar.  .-Ill  1913  New Moon  21 i  First quar.  ���������I.  JAN  191-1  Sun. Mon. Tues. Wed. Tim. Frl. Sat.     1  o  3  4  .5  .    6  7  S  0  10  11  12  13  14  15  10  17  IS  .11)  20  21  22  23  21  2ri  20  27  28/  20  30  . 31  addition to their property and setiool  tax they have to put up an income  tax that often trebles the old revenue  tax. Nevertheless we have little sympathy with those who kick most s'tren-  uosly against iuconie tax, when income  ���������of $1,000 ai.d less is exempt from il.  The mail whose, income amounts to  $1,000 per annum can well'alTord to  pay 1% on the. excess over the thousand. II" they object too strongly they  can find lots of other men whose incomes are less than $1,000 who will  gladly take, the excess and pay the tax  on it-. But the wage scale for this,  province in many lines gives an income of from $8U0 to $1100 per annum  with by far the greater number dropping in between $800 and $1,000 and  these render no revenue whatever to  the province on income tax. Many of  these are aliens and these again may  be divided into two classes: those who  save, their money and send it all out of  the country and those who spend it in  folly and vice. Taxation is a big  subject and has always been so, and  where'is' there'' another about: which  the human animal feels he has more  right to kick against?  SIR RICARD'S CHEERY NOTE  TAXES  . WhentlieTaxCoiirmissiorrappointed  by th*e Government of British   Columbia nearly  two  years''airo made their  rounds    through   the    province   and  examined  witnesses  on  the   working  out of   the Assessment Act it was an  opportunity for faddists   to  air their  crochets,     and a favorite    hobby    of  many;of  tliern   was   to  advocate  the  abolition  of   the   provincial   revenue  tax, better known as the $3.00 poll-tax.  Unfortunately,    although  it -may  be  paradoxical to   put it that way,   the  province, was  then riding on the very  top crest of a wave of  prosperity   and  the  government aird  everybody else  had    money   to    burn.      There    was  revenue from land sales, revenue from  timber  lauds  and revenue in   plenty  from   nearly  every    other  source,   so  with tfei lavishness  of the  genus par-  veriu the faddists were dying  to make  ducks  and  drakes  of  the sources  of  revenue���������the    little   geese   that  had  been laying   some of the  golden eggs.  In Vancouver   long   sessions   of the  Commission were held and much evidence  was  taken.    Lofty ideas of the  academic order floated   through  the  ozone at the  atmospheric  pressure of  sea level,-and   the.   revenue  tax  was  dubbed "an imscientfrc tax" by no less  authority than the'brand  new  chancellor  of  the   brand   new   university.  Well, the  outcome of  it all  was  that  the next session of the legislature saw  the removal of the revenue tax   which  was the only contribution   that thousands of aliens in the province who did  owned no land here and were earning  from $800 to $2000  per  year ever  had  been required to  pay  for  the   upkeep  of government.' police  protection etc.,  but now they   were   not  to  be  asked  for a sou.    The revenue  tax did  seem  an imposition on   those who  were  already    paying  tax    on  freehold   and  leasehold premises   but for aliens who  paid no other  tax   it  was  the  proper  thing,   and  its  removal  should   only  have  been  attempted  in   the. case  of  those paying other  taxes.    As for the  gentlemen with  academic  ideas  who  balked at things "unscientific" it irray  be a comfort to them to know that the  way their reform   has  been   working  out  is that  by a   wholesale  sweeping  abolition of the revenue tax they have  contrived to vote indirectly and therefore "scientifically" tens   of thousands  every  year in   this    province   to   the  red-light districts,   the  card-sharpers  and the saloons  which formerly went  into the provincial  treasury from  an  honest,   sensible    tax   that very  few  were heard to complain of.  And now what is to be  the remedy  and where is  the deficiency to come  from?   This is already answered   to  many householders who find that in  WATCH A TRAITOR  ,A feature that adds  zest to the political situation   in Britain is the apparent i ift in the lute so far as the political accord of  the Chancellor of the .Exchequer and   the   First Lord  of   the  Admiralty  is concerned.    The   latter  has  never given   any uncertain sound  as  to.his-determination  to  keep  the  naval strength of Britain up to a point  which  .will leave  no doubt as  to  her  ability   to   maintain   her   position   as  mistress of the  seas.    To accomplish  this purpose  it is necessary for him to  keep  a watchful  eye  upon   the  shipbuilding programme of the other powers and   regulate   the British program  accordingly.     For   Lloyd   George   to  promulgate   the view   under such circumstances   that the  present is in bis  opinion an opportune time  to restrict  armaments and  that   Britain  should  set an  example  by ���������retrenchment  in  her building programme regardless of  what other powers may do, looks very  much  as if be was desirous of a break  with Churchill and to do so is ready to  seek any pretext for precipitating the  quarrel.   So far as the people of Great  Britain are concerned it should not. 1)3  difficult for  them to appraise the contention of Lloyd George for-Britain to  go in for retrenchment independently,  at its  true value.    They should in the  first  place remember  that this is the  same man who latrded the Boers when  Britain  was  taxiug  her  resources of  men  and treasure  in that  trying arid  thankless  struggle.     His  sympathies  Continued from pageone  "Every department has shown signs  of increased .activity .during the year  and the,details of their progress on  which 1 have asked the responsible  ministers to speak show something of  the marvellous development going on  today in British Columbia.  "The enormous appropriation of  over $0,000,000 made for public works  in thu. province at the last session has  been carefully husbanded and of the  amount appropriated there is still a  balance of approximately $2,000,000 as  a counter entry to the expenditure of a  capital sum of $7,000,0011. We are able  to credit the books of the province  with the assets of hundreds of miles of  splendidly laid roads, magnificent  buildings andbiidges, the erection of  hospitals, homes and schools, which in  design and structure are at least'the  peer of any in the Dominion.  "The constructive statesmanship of  Sir.'Borden' and the -'ministers at Ottawa, which is laying the foundation for  an era of trade expansion and internal  prosperity within the Dominion will  be reflected in this western province.  British Columbia has been well treated  during the past year by the Dominion  authorities 'and the large appropria  tions that have been made for the harbor improvements at Ogden Pointand  the'announcement' that work is shortly to be begun on the dry dock at  Esquimalt are a happy augury for our  prosperity in the coming year.  "British Columbia gives every promise of ;ui era. of progress and prosper  ity fostered under the care and control  of our great Dominion and the ties  that binds us to the motherland will  be cemented by the,, bands of friendship and loyalty to the empire of  which we. are an integral unit, under  whose fostering care we owe our- existence."  1836  1RB  THE BANK OF  78 Years in Business.   Capital and Surplus $7,786,666.  31 Years Older Than tlie Dominion of Canada - :  As the name implies, the Bank of British North  America was established long before the Provinces united  and been me the Dominion of Canada. The sound progressive management which has made it a power in  Canadian finance makes it the bank for your account.  Hedley Branch, -        -        C. P. Dalton, Manager  TAKE A LOOK AT OLTR  WINDOW DISPLAY  FOR FREE GIFTS  X  then were with Britain's enemies,  he a safe man to trust now?  Is  METEOROLOGICAL.  The following are the readings showing temperature, etc., for the week  ending Jan. 8, 1018:  AT  THIS  JUNK.  Ml  iximum  M  ii i111 tt ii>  Dec  2.3  20  HI  23  2H    '  .  25  25  .1-1  15  15  12  Jan  1  2  H  25  27  25  12  10  12  Average maximum temperature 2.H.2S  Average minimum do 14.-12  Mean temperature 18.85  Rainfall for the week      .00 inches.  Snowfall        "       " 3.5  COKKI'Sl'O.VDING WEEK OF LAST YEAH  Highest maximum temperature 40.  Average maximum  do  27.2S  Lowest minimum  do  10.  Average  minimum  do  10.57  Mean  do  22.78  AT THE 31 ILL.  Maximum  Minimum  Dec 28  30  23  20  34  10  30  37  30  31  34  ��������� #  17  Jan    1  38  21  8  39  30  2  41  30  Average  maximum tempera  ture 37.  Average  minimum  do  23.28  Mean  do  30.14  Rainfall for the week  .00  inches  Snowfall  CI                   ������(  .15  CI  A RESOLUTION  A naive suggestion in the way of a  New Year resolution is made by the  editor of the Slocan Record who  thinks it would be a good idea for  every paper in British Columbia to  take one issue in-t-he year to tell the  truth concerning the particular district in which it is published.''- It is  presumed that the somewhat unwelcome tidings on some matters which  the. Record has set forth, maybe the  plain unvarnished truth concerning  the Slocan district, but would irot apply at all to some other- portions of  the province. The Record's references  to 'fruit-growing, for* instance, are.  doubtless apropos for- that district  where it is reported the luckless grower irr addition to the danger of starving to death on his fruit lot, runs the  risk of falling off his ranch, into some  lake or river and either getting drowned or breaking his neck, but would be  libel or calumny if applied to the  future vineyards of the Similkameen.  By way of a starter'in this truth-  telling one issue campaign the Record  says:  "The newspapers might in one issue  each year tell the truth about mining  promotions; how money that should  be used for development purposes is  squandered on supernumeraries; bow  crosscut tunnels had been run at greater expense than would have resulted  in following the ore body; that a mining proposition cannot support any  more loafers than any other legitimate  business ; that only a retired army  officer, with a pension, can live comfortably on a small fruit-land holding;  that it costs from $100 to $200 an acre  to clear and prepare land for fruit  raising."  CREELMAN ������, LYALL  FRASER. BLOCK - HEDLEY, B.C.  YOU WANT 'THE' BEST  IT ALWAYS  There are Two Kinds of Printing  The one is turned out by the.man who believes that  anything goes, but the other by the one who values  the reputation of his establishment too highly to  allow any work to go out which will not do him  credit-  There is just as good work being done in country  offices as in the cities, and of ten as poor work in the cities  as in the worst country shops  In Prices the country office can do just as well for  you and you save the express. The city printer may get  his stock a trifle cheaper by saving the local freight, but  his rent and other overhead expenses are higher, and in  the end he is obliged to charge as much or more than the  country printer will charge for the same class of Avork.  THE   HEDL&y   GAZETTE  is prepared to  do any kind of work that may come along.  No order too small and none too large.  60   YEARS*  EXPERIENCE  CORRESPONDING WKEK OF LAST YKAR  Highest maximum temperature 34  Average do do 32.42  Lowest minimum do 12.  Average        'do do 24.54  Mean1 do 28.49  HOTEL SIMILKAMEEN]  MEDLEY, B. C.  An Up-to-date   First-Class Hotel  RATES MODERATE  F. J. DOLLEMORE  Proprietor.  NOTICE  SIMILKAMKKN' LAND DISTRICT  DISTRICT OH'  YALE  TAKE Notice Mac Evelyn Haynes. occupa-  x tion married woman, of Fairview, intends to apply for permission to purchase  eighty acres of land in the Siniilkaineen Land  Division as follows:���������  Commencing at tho south-west corner of Lot  OOSs thence west forty chains, thonco north  twenty chains, thenco cast-fOrtychainR, thence  south twenty chains to pointof commencement,  containing eighty acres-more or less; -  MAE EVELYN HAYNES  November 21st, J.0fl:  per Val. C. Haynes, agent.  "  48-10  Trade Marks  Designs  Copyrights &c.  Anyono sondlriB a sketch nnd description may  quickly nscortniu our opinion froo whether an  Invention is probably patentable. Conirountca-  tlonsstrictlycontldciiUnl. HANDBOOK on Patents  sent free. Oldest nponcy for securing patents.  Patents taken through Jlunn & Co. receive  special notice, without clinnto, in tho  Scientific 'Mmmt  A handsomely illustrated weekly. I.nrccst circulation of any snlontlHo journal. Terms. $3 a  year: four months, $L Sold by all newsdealors.  A/1UNN S Co.361Broadway- New York  Branch OfBce. t'*!5 P St.. Wiublnuton. D. O  A. MEGRAW  NOTARY   PUBLIC  Conveyancer,  Ileal  Estate,   Mines,  Crown    Griuit.s   Applied    Kor  Under  Land  Act  and  Mineral Act.  Agent for:  Mutual Life of Canada.  Hudson Hay Insurance Co.  Maryland Casualty Co  Ocean Accidont and Guarantee Co.  Office   at   HEDLEY,   B.  C.  ADVERTISE   IN   THE   GAZETTE  <Z?  Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations  C'OAL mining rights of the Dominion, in  ' Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Territory, the North-west Territories and in a portion of the Province of liri-  tish Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of SI an  acre. Not more, than '.'.iiOO acres will be leased  to one applicant.  Application for a lease must bo made by tlio  applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent,  ol the district in which the rights applied for  arc situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of  sections, and in unsurveyed territory tlio tract  applied for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must he accompanied by a  fee of So which will bo refunded if the rights  applied for are not available, but not otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on tlio merchantable output of the mine at the rate of five cents  per- ton  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting for  the full quantity of merchantable coal mined  and nay tlio royalty thereon. Tf the coal mining rights arc not being operated, such returns  should be furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include tho coal mining rights  only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may  be considered necessary for the working of tlio  mine at tho rate of ������10.00 an acre.  Kor full information application should bo  mado to the Secretary of the Department of  the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-  Agent of Dominion Lands.  W. XV. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N.'JL-Uiinutliori-'ci* publication of this advertisement will not be paid for. il-lim  TRY THE  Hedley Gazette  for  Fine Jpb Printing  >? If!  i  V.  J.  THE HEDLEY GAZETTE JAN S, 1911.  Town and District.  Daily train service resumes on. the  V. V. & E. from Oroville to Princeton  hegiuning January 1st. 1014, 11. E.  Hansen, agent.  Dr. Lawrence went to Piinceton orr  New Year's Day. The amount of work  in tlie dentistry line which came his  way while in Hedley kept him ahout  ten days longer than he was counting  orr.  Sir. Blarrehard of Chelan, Wash.,  arrived in Hedley the hegiuning of  last week bringing with him his daughter and grandaughter. Mrs. IL E.  Hansen and child, who had heen  visiting them for a couple of nrontlrs.  , Miss Avonia .Tones left again on  Monday for Victoria to resume her  studies in St. Margaret's school. Her  father took her orrt to Penticton hy  .auto and she would just liave time to  reach Victoria for there-opening day.  The,,exceedingly mild weather which  set in at the end of last week caused  -consternation among the niemhers of  the Hedley Hockey and Skating Cluh  as there was every reason to-fear that  the limited covering of ice on,the rink  would not s.tand it very long.'  Rev. A. H. Cameron united in marriage a couple from Princeton who  came down here for that pupose on  Saturday last. The groom's name was  Graham and the bride Mrs. Mitchell.  They spent Sunday in Hedley a>nd returned on Monday's train.  Apparently one of the effects of the  G. N. R.'s attempt at abbreviation of  the Oroville-Pi'iriceton train service is  that they have lost thereby the contract of carrying the U. S. mail for  Loomis, Conconully, arrd other points  irr that portion of the state.  Hedley was well represented at the  New Year's eye dance in Princeton.  The event took place in the new Oddfellows', hall which' is said to he a very  fine hall for public assemblies of all  kinds where a large attendance is to  be accommodated. Those who went  report a good time.  The Dominion quarantine officer  was about to raise the quarantine on  trains from the south wherr he had  -reliable data that there were sorrre  half dozen or rrrore cases of small pox  in Molson of recent brew. It seems to  take them a. long time to clean up in  that part of the country.  Archie McEachern the boss driller  came to town last week. Several  weeks ago he was in a ruaway accident over at OJalla which shook him  up considerably but he is now all right  again, and will he ready for another  whirl at the rock-drilling when the  time comes around again.  " A letter received from Mrs. E. II.  Williams irr Rossland by Mrs. G. P.  Jones conveys the assuring news that  the specialist in England to whom Mr.  Williams went for treatment is confident that sight will be fully restored.  After Mr-. Williams left Hedley and  when in route to the old country his  vision was very much impaired and he  was nearly blind before reaching his  joiirney's end.  School re-opened on Monday morning with Miss I. Tompkins, M. A., as  principal of the superior school and  Miss Walker again in charge of the  junior classes. Miss Tompkins comes  from Vancouver hut before coining to  British Columbia, had been for' four  years principal of the high school at  Port Hood in Inverness county, Cape  Breton, where she taught with success.  The suddenness with which the  Great Northern restored the. daily  train service after tlie Railway Commission got after thern appears to  have made the Canadian postal officials over in the Nelson direction dizzy.  At all events they have not been able  to get their mail ready for the Monday, Wednesday and Friday runs, and  no copies of the Nelson News have yet  trranaged to' get through for those  days." The post office, inspector for  that division should wake up.  The weather report for last week is  quite interesting when comparison is  tirade between the mine and Hedley.  Tliere was steady winter weather up  there all week and a snowfall of 3.5  inches. The highest maximum registration of temperature showed three  degrees of frost and there was'on one  morning twenty degrees. At Hedley  which is about two rrriles distant horizontally and about a mile lower ver tr-  cally the maximum went above freezing every day of the seven aird on one  day the mercury stayed above freezing  for the whole 24 hours.  Now is the time to procure your Christmas Fruits  while the selection is complete and the goods fresh.  Below are a few of the lines we have just received:  Seeded Raisins    Peels  Sultanas Dates  Currants Figs  Shelled Nuts  Molasses  Fresh Fruit  A, number of handsome   calendars  - were received dining   the   past  few  days from a -number of outside firms.  Those from the Great West Permanent  ���������Loan  Company,  Smith,   Davidson   <fc  Wright,   the  Golden  Gate   Hotel   in  .Fairview,  and from Jas. McCreath of  Greenwood were among the finest/  . Always deal with those who think  enough of your trade to ask for- it. arrd  the surest way to get tire worth of  your money is to read carefully the  announcement of those who invite  your trade in their advertisements.  The day is past when merchants advertise, what they are not prepared to  carry out.  M.C.Hill left on New Tear's Day  but we have not heard his destination.  His friends donated him a remembrancer in the shape of a substantial  testimonial hi coin of the realm in  token of their appreciation of him and  of willingnessness to aid in every project to further the interests of manly  spoi't.  Mrs. Dal ton had a children's party  orr the afternoon of December 31st  wherr a lot of the town kiddies mostly  under three years of age were present  and besides having a good time were  given, substantial souvenirs in the  form of toys that will keep them  amused during 1914, and help them to  remember the occasion and likewise  the donor. A supper was spread for  the children themselves and they stood  not on ceremony but waded in.  Hedley Union Sunday School held  its annual election of officers and  teachers Jan. 5th. 1914. The following were elected for the coming year.  Supt. Mrs. Forbes, Assistant Supt.  Mrs. ���������Jreelman, Scc-Treas. Mrs. Clare,  Assistant Sec-Librarian Miss Patton,  Teachers: Mrs Creelman, Miss Walker  Mrs.Boyd, Mrs. Michel). Primary  Dept. Mrs. Boeing, Primary Assistant  Miss Rutherford. A vote of thanks  was extended to Mrs. Forbes for her  services as organist for the past year,  and also for the generous supply of  wood which she has supplied the  Sunday School.  Since about the middle of March  1913 there has not been a week that  there was not good golfing on the  Hedley course. There have been occasional days since the middle of December that there was a little too  much snow to be able to find the balls,  but the chinook which came along  when 1914 was only a day old soon  took the snow all away and several  players made the round of the links  and declare that they never found the  course in better shape or the weather  more agreeable for-the game than-it  was on these opening days of 1914.  F. H.-.French has received returns  from the Government assay office at  Victoria on the ore of the new find on  the Oregon. Two samples were sent  of the ore arrd the.return's showed-16.3  and 16.G ounces of gold respectively,  showing that it is pretty even in  values. These weights represent values of $320 and $332 per ton. Of course  it.is not clainred that the ore assayed  represented. , a commercial sampling  across any definite ledge or body, but.  the ore specimens of which it was a  fair sample were no vest pocket picked specimens but were chunks of near  ly a cubic foot each. The ��������� Oregon is  certainly a property that will bear  watching and there is every encouragement to give it a proper chance to  make good.  Biscuits and Confectionery  XMAS PRESENTS  Handkerchiefs   and  dainty articles  in   silks  and  linen, neckwear, hosiery, etc.  Fancy China, Cut Glass, Cutlery, Etc.    Skates and  skating" requisites  A HANDSOME SINGER SEWING MACHINE  will be given away absolutely free to the person, holding the  correct key when all the keys are called in; one will be given  with every $2 cash purchase until all the keys are given out.  PHONE NO 8.  SCOTT AVENUE  $250.00 will buy a Choice  Residential Building* Lot on  A Hedleyito who spent the night at  Mayor Gruhb's hotel'ir'i Oroville tells  of the discussion he heard over the  order to .'resume the daily train service on this portion of the V. V. & E  The order for restoration was strongly  disaproved of irr the hotel where it  was proclaimed that three trains per  week was quite ample. It may he  convenient for the people in tire Sirrn'I-  kanreerr to know that this sentiment  exists there. Wc here think also that  tin.' few minutes necessary to change  passengers and mail would he quite  ample for the trains to remain in  Oroville. That layover is a graft that  has done tlie G. N. 11. out of a lot of  passenger traffic they might otherwise  have had but they are very slow to  learn.  Don't Pay Out Good Money for Rent When You  Can Own a House of Your Own  THE MMm CITY TOWNSITE' COMPANY, Ltd.  F. H. French, Secretary and Manager HEDLEY, B. C  PALA6E  Li very, Feed & Sale Stables    IIKDLEY   B. C.   li A good stock of Horses and Rigs on  Hand,    'i Orders for Teaming  promptly attended to.  Oifice of Dominion Express Gompantj.  WOOD   FOR   SALE!  BORN  CourtKiAN���������Tn Hedley orr January 2nd. liltl,  "VIr. and Mrs. W..W. Coi'i'igiin. n son.  Maktin���������In Hedley tin January 3rd. 1UU.  Mr. and Mr.-, XV. C. Martin, a daughter.  to  to  ThcGreenwood smelter had anarrow  escape from being burned down last  week. Only prompt measures by the  company's own fire fighting force and  the help of the Greenwood fire brigade  saved the industry. The trouble was  caused by the blowing out of the  bricks around the jacket at the end of  one of the furnaces and this allowed  the molten slag to pour out and set  Are to everything combustible with  which it came in contact. Only twelve  hour's were lost before things were  again in operation.  Phono 14. D. J.   INNIS Proprietor  l?B?������?������?;������?������������������������?������lsn*������*S*5������?������������?������?������W?������������������������?*5������W  l  af  ai  if  x  at  a>  at  at  at  ������."  at  rV  tt  rV  at  %-  at  at  Plumbing* and Heating, Sheet  Metal Work Tinsmithing-  ���������MHij-irrrrrrrrrrrrrrrMaHHMiiirrrrrrHiiirrrrrrrv-flMHMHiHMB^  Shop corner Angela Ave. and Bridge  St.,   in 'iVIurdock's blacksmith shop.'  Work guaranteed.   Consult us about your work  H. DIGNAN  Practical Workmen Proprietors  PRINCETON, B. C.  x  I  X  X  jg  1  ^Mk^%M^MM^Mk^MM^^^MM^^^teM^M^M^M^^������4^MMV<������iti������^i(3������WiSi3������i������kr4S������  General  Blacksmith  Horse-shoeing and all  Blacksmith Work  Promptly attended to.  Pipe-fitting done.  Haynes St., Heelley.  }tMatfeTOMraraMfeMfe*ferafcfe3������3������-������<>ti'  ENCOURAGE   HOME   INDUSTRY  NOTICE  HIMIL K AM E ION LAND' JIISTHICT  DISTKICT Ol-'  VAI.K  rpAI*I* Xoticc that Alfred How-berry, of I'air-  -*- ' view, occupation Handier, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following  described hinds:���������  Commencing at a post planted at-tho southwest corner of C. J). Carr's application to purchase thenco north 40 chains, thenco west 20  chains, thence south 10 chains, thorice oast '20  chains to pointof commencement containing  80 acres more or less, for pasturage.  ALFRED KOWI3KRKY  ' per Vril. C. Haynes, agent,  Nov. 22nd. 1.913 13-10  NOTICE  SIMILKAMEEN* LAND DISTRICT  nrsTiucT or-' Y.-vr.K  TAKE Xoticc that, Christopher- Donoghue  *- Carr, occupation Handier intends to apply for permission to purchaso eighty acres of  land in the Similkameen Land Division as  follows:  Commencing afc a post, planted forty chains  west of the north west'eorner of Lot ("!'8s; thence  west forty chains, thenco south twenty chains,  thence east forty chains, thc-nco north twonty  chains to tho point of commencement contain  ing eighty acres more or less.  CHRISTOPHER D. CARR  per Val. C. Haynes, agont.  Nov 21st, 1913 48-10 THE HEDLEY GAZETTE.    .IAN 8, 191-1.  KEREMEOS, the Centre of Lower Similkameen-���������Famed for Fruit Growing  Towa and Lower Valley.  How many  times have you written  1018?    "������������������'.,.  Once  more  the .Grant-Northern   is  running daily trains.  '.' Mrs. Sinclair and daughter Dolly.of  Nighthawk are visiting Mrs. Keeler.  Earl Howse one day last week captured a. raccoon oii the south side of  the river near Jack Thomas'.  Miss Scott, our 'esteemed-' school  teacher, returned Monday after spending a very pleasant holiday at the  coast..  On New Year's eve Mr. and'Mrs.  '"'..Tweddle entertained a number of their  old friends at "Jnglewood" .their resi-.  deuce. : .���������.--...  Charlie  Armstrong  left   last ..week  for Corvallis, Oie.,   where he will continue   his studies   in  the  Agricultural  -college there.  The  Church  shed is ������������������'���������being  erected..  We  have nut  heard as. yet;, what the  horses   think  of  it,   but  will  let you  know later.  A few  of the bachelors  enjoyed the'  ���������'-'houpitality of Mr.   and   Mrs.   George  . Einor.y  at a goose  supper on Sunday  v evening the'Ith.  'Miss  Annie  lnnis  drove  out to Similkameen    on   Tuesday    with   Mrs.  '.Crouker at whose home she will'spend.  a few days holiday.  Mr. Ezra Mills is having a couple of  cords of woodcut for the ..benefit of  the Alfalfa Club, 'a new--organization  lately formed in town.  Miss Torgerson'���������who has  been visit-'  . ing her .sister,  Mrs. Ames,', during the*  Xmas holidays, returned to resume her  duties of school teacher at Davenport,  Wash.  Yes, it's the weather-and there are  marry bets up concerning it. The  biggest one is the wager that there  will be skating on the link on Sunday  the llth.  We are sorry to hear' that Mrs. Pete  Bromley has been sick for the past  week and trust she will soon be around  again. The last report from the Centre  says she is getting along nicely.  The Ladies Aid will give a. birthday  party in honor of their fourth anniversary next Monday evening, January 12th, at the home of Mrs. Keeler.  A cordial invitation is extended to all.  Don't forget that you can have your  skates sharpened in first class shape at  Madore's, the blacksmith. Skates !  Skates ! Skates. Get the edge put on  them at the blacksmith shop. J. F.  Madore, proprietor.  Robert H. Hogg returned last week  from the coast where he has been  sojourning for a couple of-months. On  his way back he inspected the right-of-  way of the K. V. R. and reports cook  houses a good way apart.  Mrs. Daly, Mrs. J". A. Brown, Miss  Daly, Miss Corrigan and George Allison took in the masquerade at Princeton and report having a splendid time.  Mrs. Daly remained for a few days as  the guest of Mrs. Allison, returning to  Keremeos on Monday.  At the turkey shoot held in town on  New Year's day there was better  shooting than had ever been witnessed  before in the valley. Bull's eyes were  scored time arrd again out of the five  shots. More than once three bull's  eyes were tallied. The old timers and  old riflemen said that they did not believe that any better shooting was  dorre at any other shoot in the province.  The third assembly dance took place  in the Town hall last Friday the 2nd,  arid again, as the previous ones, this  one was a success. It was a little late  before the arrival of all the dancers  but by terr o'clock everything was going at a lively clip and continued to  do so until three a.m. Messrs. McLean  Knowles and Swayzre of Hedley and  Mr. and Mrs. Hans Richter of Night-  hawk were visitors and reported having a good time.  On New Year's eve Mr. J. A. Brown  invited all his friends in the district  to meet together as his guest at the  Hotel Keremeos. By seven o'clock  the guests had arrived and with smiling faces and in a merry mood sat  down to a bumper goose supper. After-  supper   the  boys   got   together  and  11. Tweddle's automobile', was requisitioned on New-Year's eve and a party  consisting of Mrs. Walter Frith, the  Misses Doris, Agnes and Alice Fleming and Messrs. W. R. Hope, L. S.  Coleman and J. D. Grainger hit the  snowy road for Princeton to take in  the dance.    All had a jolly time.  About twenty friends of All-, and  Mis. Keeler enjoyed their hospitality  at a Wi!tch'.pai ty on New Year's eve.  Many games were played and a nice  supper was provided hy the hostess.  After, the, New Year's greetings were  extended the happy party broke up  and wended their way home with fixed mind to make things hum this year  in health, wealth and happiness.  The Women's Institute are making  preparations for a series of sewing  classes to be held in Knudson's hall  commencing on January 19th. ��������� The  government are sending in Madam  Groheof the Anglo-Parisian school of  dress at Victoria under whose direction these classes will be carried on.  The lessons' include drafting, measuring, cutting' out and making up of  garments arid the only expense to  members, taking these, lessons is 7o  cents, the  price of the chart.     This is  an".example of the benefit to be derived  from "being .a   member of  this  splendid organization, so ladies make  a NeW Year" resolution to become one.  at once'.-  L. H. Frith, sec.-trcas.  The secretary-treasurer of a school  board is often called upon to do other  things, than that capacity calls for.  The latest is that owing to a bush rat  making his home in the school house  during the Christmas festivities it has  necessitated the said gentleman buying a steel spring trap. Many complications may arise from this for, according to law, it needs a ten dollar  licence to trap game. Now a bush rat  is game for anything and pretty high  game at that after it has resided for  some time in the same place. We  have not found out yet after looking  through the blue hooks whether the  school trustees will have to apply to  the game warden for permission to  trap. In the meantime will we trap  him?   We will!    We should worry.  spring infection. Frequent inspection  trips should be made through the orchard during the growing- season, and  any signs of the disease promptly removed. These trips may be made  every two weeks with good advantage.  Pear blight can be controlled if  prompt, careful, and thorough attention be given it by all.���������J. ('. Hall,  Plant Pathologist, Washington Experiment Station.  NEW ROADS IN PROVINCE  Over  Seven Hundred Miles  Constructed  in British Columbia  LOOSEN   OUT  "No matter- what tightwads we may have- been during' the year, we must all loosen out a bit when  Christmas time comes around. We want our friends  to feel that we have some kindly interest in them,  and the usual way of communicating that sentiment  is by some  l_,ittle=  J\ct  of  re^rrierrilk>r-0Lr-&ce>  In our stock we have a hundred and one things that  will just fit in for that one little act.  Victoria, Jan. 2���������The. sum of $9,GS2,-  000 was appropriated last year- by the  British Columbia Government for the  erection of public buildings, the corr  strnction of roads and wharfs and for  subsidies to steamers and ferries,' and  although about $2,000,000 of this sum  has not yet been spent, the amount of  new construction undertaken by the  public works department far exceeds  that of any previous year in the annals  of the Provincial Government.  The mileage of new roads constructed amounts to over 700, and the mileage on which the department has been  engaged,. including the work done in  repairs and improvements amounts to  over 12.000.  THIRTY MILLION DOLLARSIH  Approximate  Value of Forest  Products  of B. C. for i913.  FIRE BLIGHT OF  APPLES AND PEARS  sang "For he's a jolly good fellow  The evening was spent in playing pool  and other games. All the boys  thoroughly enjoyed themselves, _ and  with one accord hoped that happiness  and prosperity will fall to his lot  through the coming year.  This disease is common and very  serious in many parts of*eastern and  central Washington upon pear and  apple tiees. The disease is caused by  a bacterium that lives in the layer just  between the bark and the wood of the  twigs, arrd sometimes the trunk. It  causes this tissue to decompose and  turn black. It spreads through this  layer- up and down and around the  twig, or trunk of the tree, and may  eventually kill it. After the layer between the bark and the wood has been  dead for a short tinre, the bark above  it also blackens. This surface blackening is usually a few inches behind the  blackening beneath' the bark. The  leaves of the pear" turn black, and  those of the apple a brownish black.  The disease spreads most rapidly in  the spring the bacteria being picked  up on the feet and mouth parts of  aphids, bees, beetles, and flies and deposited upon trunks, branches, or  flower clusters by them as they fly  about the orchard in search of plant  juices for food.  To fight the disease the affected parts  should be cut out and burned at once  so as to prevent any further spread of  the trouble. In removing the diseased  portions, be sure to cut far enough below the affected parts to get all of the  diseased tissue, usually several inches  below the outward appeai'.'ince of the  disease. After each cut the knife  should be disinfected by dipping it into a solution of corrosive sublimate,  1 part to 1000 parts of water. The cut  ends of the twigs or the wounds made  by the removal of cankers upon the  trunk or large limbs should be wiped  over with a sponge or cloth saturated  in the same solution and, when dry,  painted with a good oil paint, in order  to prevent the entrance of other  troubles.  If the disease is severe in the orchard, it will be advisable to reduce the  amount of water to a minimum in  irrigated districts, and irr case the  orchard is in clean cultivation, itshould  be put into a sod of some sort, for a  time so that" the growth will bo checked and hardened.  Great care should be taken in the  fall to see that there are no diseased  parts left in  the orchard  to produce  Victoria Jarr. 2.���������The greatest forest  revenue ever paid into any provincial  treasury in the history of the Dominion during a single year has been received by British Columbia during the  year which has just closed. The revenue from forest sources during 1913  amounted to nearly $8,000,000, or approximately $7 for every inhabitant.  The value of the forest products of  British Columbia for 1918 exceeded  that of all previous years, amounting  to approximately $30,000,000.  Come Around   -and   See* IA7h*at IA7e Hei\/e=  FRANK  RICHTER   ESTATE  1 CLOSING    OUT    SALE  ���������is*  9  9-  9  As the Keremeos Land Company's Ranch has ������  been sold, all the Stock and Farm Implements 9  must be disposed of.     Now is  your chance to "*  secure a Bargain.  POOR LO!  GETS RICHER  Together   With   his     White    Brothers  the Indian Farmer Benefits by the  Good Prices for Farm Produce  HORSES  1 Bay Horse, 9 year old about 1400 lbs; 1 Chestnut  Mare, 10 years old about 1500 lbs; 1   black  Mare, 6  year old in foal; 1 Bay Horse,   10  year  old;   1   Bay "������  Mare, 0 year old  with  6 month's   colt;   .1 Chestnut'  Mare, 9 old; 1 Mare Colt, 15 months;   1   Horse   colt ���������  16 months; all-in first-class shape,  FARM IMPLEMENTS  .... ���������fit  1 spring-tooth harrow, 1 light draft harrow, 1 ch,-,:@/  cular harrow, 1 diamond drag harrow,   1 gang plow, r@:  with 3-Sn hold boards;   12 inch oak ''plow,  2 mowing; ������  ���������������' machines,  1 hay rake, 2 wagons,   1 hay rack, 1   disc  if.  harrow, 1  post hole digger,   1  blacksmith   vice,   1   ^  buggy, 2 sets of work harness, 1   set  of single har-  $������  ness, picks, bars, shovels and other articles too ������������������numerous to mention. .'..'"."'���������  9  9  9"  KEREMEOS LAND COMPANY  &  Ottawa, Dec. 31.���������The high prices  prevailing last year for'.���������������������������all kinds of  farm crops were a blessing to the Indian population of Canada, although  they had 132,092 fewer bushels of  grain and roots and 10,259 fewer tons  of hay than the year previous, they received altogether $163,509 more for  their crops. Last year they had 05,-  783 acres under cultivation and grew  1,384,329 bushels of grain and roots  and 111,790 tons of hay, for which  they got $1,697,910. For agriculture  including live stock, they got $1, 911,-  782.  What Pays Taxes and What Doesn't  Water-, wood, mineral claims, mineral assessments, land, personal property, stores, cigar stands, billiard and  pool tables, hunters and automobiles  are all taxed. The only exemptions  are Bohunks, Chinks, Japs and Hindus  who send their' surplus earnings home,  and can't afford to pay taxes in British Columbia.���������Slocan Record  J. A. BROWN  Notary Public  CONVEYANCING, CUSTOMS BROKERAGE,  FIRE  INSURANCE  OFFICE  KEREMEOS. B.C.  Hotel Keremeos  Opposite G.N. R. Station  MRS.  A. F. KIRBY,   Proprietress.  J.F. MADORE  General Blacksmith  and Woodworker  Horseshoeing a Specialty  FRUIT AND FARM  Tnere have been two issues of this  magazine since it was enlarged and  improved in form and it is being made  in every way representative of the  great industry of agriculture and horticulture in tho province. The matter is more valuable, because it is so  practical arrd has to do with the immediate interests and concerns of the  average British Columbia farmer.  This section of the province seems to  receive its full share of attention.  Last month a lengthy, timely well-  illustrated article relating to the  effects of tho wood-tick on the livestock industry in the Similkameen  valley that was secured first-hand and  was given a place and this month the  the subject of profit from fruit-raising  in this part of the province is discussed  in a throughly trustworthy manner,  the contributor being T. W. Stirling  the well-known fruitgrower and  dealer in Kelowna. In fact the magazine is one which the British Colurnbra  farmer and fruitgrower cannot well  afford to be without.  All Work Neatly and Promptly  - - - Executed - - -  KEREMEOS,:/     -      British Columbia  KeremeosPcnticton  Royal Mail Horse and Auto Stage.  Establish 1895  Leaves Penticton for Kereineos  en Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday returning alternative days  KEREMEOS - PENTICTON" V  TU/EDDLE'S $  AUTO STAGESERVICE  >   Tweddle's cars  are   comfort-  \        able.    Tweddle's drivers  are experts.        y  No delays.   '       No accidents  Autos leave Penticton every morning to' connect with'trains to Hedley.  Princeton, Coalmont. Oroville unci  all Boundary points.  Leave Keremeos for Penticton on  arrival of Great Northern trains  Fare���������single $0.00  RETURN $11.00  Baggage carried; Commercial trunks  arranged for  Break the monotony' of train and  hont travel and take an auto trip.  When you arrive at Penticton or  Keremeos auk tor  TWEDDLE'S AUTO STAGE  Car's Call at all Hotels  silk������  Large Assortment of choice Silk Dress  Goods, Silk handkerchiefs etc.-  for sale at right prices  TOflMY SING, Keremeos  FARE ���������Auto Stage,  $0.00.     Horse  Stage, $1.    Horse Stage, 2nd class, $3.  Special   trips to  any point with  horses or auto made at any time  by arrangement.  W. E. WELBY, Prop., Penticton, B.C.  TUMP PULLKRS GUARANTEED  Pulling green stumps and trees 21 to  18 inches diameter, prices ������50.00 up,  (make your own terms). Our $8.00  WKLL-UORKR cap. 20 to SO feot  keep per day, or 400riost holes per  day. (WRITE). THE DUCRKST  ST*. PULLER AND TOOLS MFC'..  BUKNSIDK ROAD. VICTORIA,  1$. C.  Advertise in the  Hedley Gazette  and watch Results  SING LEE  Laundry,* ; Contracting of all  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing land, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremeos, B.C.  H. C. N. ETCHES  is Agent for* .the Hedley Gazette in  Keremeos and authorized to book  Subscriptions and take  orders for  job work and advertising.  POST OFFICE,   KEREMEOS,  B. C.  BOX 111 PHONE 133  B. A. MOORHOUSE  Assoc. Mom, Can. Soc. C.K.  and B.C.L.S.  Civil Engineer and B. C. Land Surveyor  AUTOMOBILE  PENTICTON,       - B. C.


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