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The Hedley Gazette Feb 22, 1917

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Array ��������� 1,&m**wi*  ombly  Volume XIII.      Number'  5.  HEDLEY, B. C, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 22,  1917.  $'2.00, In Advance  Travel by Atrtb...  Call up Phone No. 12  If A good stock of Horses and Rigs on  Hand.   If Orders for Teaming  promptly attended to.  WOOD   FOR   SAL'eV    "  :  PflLfl���������6&  *  bivery, Feed & Sale Stables  Eborre 12,  ���������HEDLEY  B.C.  D. J. IMMFS  1 Proprietor  N. Thomps n   ' nroNE befmour 5JW*J  ,    'MOB. WKSTKBN CANADA'  Cammell Laird & Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturers^    *,  V Sheffield, Eng. ,-���������/" ��������� - -  Offices and Warehouso, 847-63 Bcatty Street  .   j   ;     Vancouver, B. C. -     7 ** . ,  THE.MINISTER    OF    FINANCE  requests  L. *���������***  THE    P E O P LE;-*OF    CANADA    TO  *��������� rf ^ _, -. *  BEG?tN NOW  TO   SAVErMONEY   FOR, THE  : NEXT V^AR LOAN  JAN. ������.  1917  DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE  OTT AW",  R.JP. BROWN:  ^British Columbia Land Surveyor  *P. O. DHAWEB160,  Tel. No. 27  PENTICTON,  B. C  Pr W.GREGORY  CIVIL  ENGINEER and BRITISH-  COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building      -       Princeton  IVALTHR CLAYTON  C.   E.  HASKIN'R  6LflXXQMJ#������,<������',������&  , Barristers, Solicitors,^ Etc._^ ^  MONEY TO LOAN  /  ���������:>s  -PENTICTON,  - B.-C. ,j  : dr: j. l. masters  *    "**.. ~\* "35ENTIST.    -S-  .   OFFICE UN COVERT BLOCK.  ./'Oroville, Wash.  Grand Union i  Hotel  HEDLEY, British Columbia  |, KEREMEOS ITEMS,   I  -Mr. Hardy arrived1* from -the  coast on Monday's train.,"~ " ";���������"  Mr. D. J. Innis motored to  Penticton * on 'Wednesday: with  passengers.-* - _-   ;       -"  -.Mr./Tweddle"is doing as well  as can be <-expected ~ after his  serious misfortune/  Mr.- and' Mrs. Powell of the  Horn Silver mine, Similkameen,'  were in town Friday on business." .  "We are  glad to report Mrs.  Hardy somewhat better after  her,, serious   illness _from   ery-  *"3lpela"sf^'"v^ -*< ���������**.-*- 3 '^-  /*���������    *   i       - \*.  - Afew-Keiemeosites attended  the Orangemen's concert arid  dance held in "Princeton Tuesday nightr  - School opened last week with  a very good .attendance, after  being closed two weeks on account of measles.  We .are sorry to say~~ Mrs.  Corbet is suffering from rheumatism. We hope for .her  speedy recovery.  Mr. James Riordan returned  from Princeton on Wednesday  night's train and will do some  work on his claims.  The. monthly' meeting of the  Similkameen*' Women's, Institute met at ^the'. Institute room'  on *Wednesday,*iFebruary 14th.'  Arrangements - wereimade "for  the programmes, "wnichr occupied the afternoon. -. Refreshments ^-were ser>ved,v the;-hos-  tesse's for- the', day 'being Mes-  dames Quarit, -Williams and  feorge. -  >-,��������� /    ,  _ In  honor of-;the .boys  who  have enlisted from' Keremeos  and    vicinity, ah-, Honor   Roll  service was held-in ~,th'e church  Sunday morning, February 18/  The very "large 'attendance Was'  proof of the high^esteem and  regard for the boys.  Reverends  Cameron and Stanton officiated.  .Too mucbj can't4'fee''said'i:h^'praise:  *of *���������addresse's cleli vered-.by each.  All -through Mr. Stanton> ad  dress his^words were carefully  chosen.   Mr. Cameron gave a  brief review of   the   war and  how Germany had  ignored all  peace   negotiations.    This   was  the first, address Mr. Cameron  had given for some time and it  was much appreciated   by_all.  The ,collection,   amounting   to  $30.00, -was given  to the patriotic fund.  H. F. Jones, W. Lonsdale, J.  Jamieson, S. Knowles and Geo.  A. Riddle went up to Princeton  yesterday.      * -  ."Judge Brown of Grand Forks  and Chief Simpson of Greenwood went through" to. Princeton 'qri-Friday's train. \  .7-J. R. Brown, government  agent,, Fairview, was in town  Thursday last on official busi-  ri'ess, going on to Princeton Friday morning.  Word was received this weak  that R. Clare and. Jos.~ White  wlio were operated on in Vancouver last' week are progressing favorably. ' ***���������  >������ '    '  ���������*--R..*E> and . Mrs. Baxter returned from the coast last week-  on their way home to Moose  Jaw, and are -the 1 guests of Mr.  and* MrsJ J. D. Brass.  The War.  - No startling war news has  been published in the past week.  On the Western front the  French and British continue to  juncture holes in the German  ines and occupy the holes. A  few yards are gained each day.  A German raider was reported sunk in the South' Atlantic  by a British cruiser.. This re- ,���������  poit has not boen confirmed.  The submarine war is ..being actively prosecuted Iby the: Germans, and, according to rumors,  many' of the underseas craft  have been sunk or captured.  On the Eastern front the opposing forces gain and lose  ground in a sort of "game of  tag. One day the Germans ai'c  sweeping all before them; the  next, the Russians are doing all  the house-cleaning.  Tino of Greece has had another tumor on the brain. The  only cure for these afflictions is  a'hemp rope.  The British claim some gains  against the Turks in-Mesopotamia and .the capture of 2000  prisoners.  The-'Italians and Austrians  are at stalemate.  <The U. S. is apparently quietly  preparing for' possibilities, and  even the newspapers are not  peddling~"Tstate ' secrets. This"  means that the Americans .will  be ready to do their part should  the^necessity arise.    .  Cuba is having a little monkey and parrot time owing to  the arrival of a large number  of-German "citizens" of the U.  S. A. The Germans are also  very active in Mexico.--.  The Australians are making  it interesting for   Greek   residents in the mining portions of  the Commonwealth. *.**    -/"  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  FIrat-Glass Accommodation.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  of Liquor and Cigars  A.   WINKLER,     Proprietor,  lWIWKMWftlX*mW  I HEDLEY MEAT  MARKET  ^  ���������   B   ���������  be  All kinds of fresh and  cured meats always- on  hand. Fresh Fish" on  sale -every   Thursday.  R. J. EDMOND, Prop,  3$  GREAT NORTHERN  HOTEL  HEDLEY B.C. ,_.'..  Bar and Table the Best.   Rates Moderate  :        a      First Class Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor.  We are sorry to report that  Mr. Percy Quant is not doing  as nicely as many of his friends  would like to hear.  One of the worst snow storms  experienced in years in Keremeos" occurred Monday night  and Tuesday morning.  Miss Bessie Richter returned  home on Monday's train from  Orovjlle where sho had been  visiting for a few days.  A hard times dance will take  place in the town hall on Friday evening, February 23rd.  Everybody come and have a  good time.  Mrs. J. F. Madore left for  Princeton on Wednesday with  her son, who has been suffering  from enlarged tonsils, to consult a physician.  Mr. Chamberlain, the new  customs officer at Similkameen,  and Mrs. Chamberlain moved  to their new residence on'Sat*  urdtiy of last week.  Mrs. Black and daughter ai--  rived from the coast last week  to join her husband, who has  charge of the old ranch house  of the Keremeos Land Co.  Mr. Innis had the misf ortune  to get his auto stuck in.a snow  drift Tuesday night and had to  leave it. He was returning  from Mr. Clarke's with a party  of boys and girls.  The W. M.S. met at the home  of Mrs. J. Mattice on Thursday  of last week. Twenty-one members were present and a good  meeting was held, Refresh;  mpnt"s were served by tho hostess.   ;  TOWN AND DISTRICT  building,  which  burned  down.  Onions tire worth  $130 a ton  in carload lots.  -   WmT Gosnel of Nelson was in  town yesterday. -  Mrs. Arthur Clare left yesterday for a vi**ii'. at the coast.  Thos. G. Wanless of Penticton was in town this week.  J. H. Wagner is on a business  trip in the Keremeos valley.  W. T. Butler returned Friday  after ti month spent in Spokane.  Mrs. W. F. Forbes left yester- I neighbor's  day to visit friends at the coast.; his  carpet  Mrs. .1. Donovan arrived from  Princeton yesterday and will  reside here.  Jas. Clark left Monday last  for a couple of weeks holidays  at the coast.  The thermometer registered  207 below at the Nickel Plate  mine this week.  For Rent���������Ari Oliver Typo-  writer. Apply P. O. Box 55, or  at Gazette office.  W. A. McLean started his  tunnel contract on the Oregon  this week with three'men.-  Another cold: snap hit the  camp this week, the mercury  hiding under the zero; mark.-  It is rumored that the .coal  measures at Coalmoht will be  worked  this season, and .coke  ovens erected. r ' ���������  -.  ..������������������.- 1 ���������    *s        -  Quite a number of the Hedley  Orangemen attended the meeting of the Grand Lodge at  Princeton this -week. There  were about,. 150 representatives  from different parts of the  province in attendance.  Thursday night of last week  the local Camp, Moderm Woodmen of the World, were at_bome  to their friends and a very  pleasant evening was spent.  At the Hedley General hospital Harry Rose and P.JEaton  are improving slowly, and" the  warm weather of spring will  see them restored to health  again>  " Golfing will not start this season until well on in Ma.ich, and  the iceman will not commence  to make regular calls before the  first of April. So far as the  memory of the oldest inhabitant goes back, this has been  an  exceptionally   mild  winter.  Jack  Donovan,   formerly   of  Hedley, was sentenced Friday  last    in    Princeton   by   Judge  Brown to 25 months in the pen  for arson.     It  appears that a  little domestic difficulty  arose  and Jack threw the wife out of  the    house.      She   went   to   a  Jack    then    took  ���������pentor's  kit  out of the  shortly   after  The house was  owned by the Princeton Coal  company.   '  J. Wardcll was in town tin's  week. He and partner tire developing the Claremount on  Siwasli creek with very satisfactory results. They recently  struck the vein in No. 3 tunnel.  The ledge is about five feet in  width from 6 to 12 inches of a  galena pay shoot, running about  100. ounces silver and from 40  to 60 percent lead. In the No.  2 tunnel assays went as high as  high as 500 ounces silver and  70 per cent lead. The silver  values are principally native  arid argentite. .The j^ray cop-  por does not carry high silver  values. -There are two ledges  on the claim which it is thought  are stringers from. a strong  vein -.which" will be found at  depth. Several local men are  interested in the property.  The soldiers' vote has gone  overwhelmingly against prohibition, and it is probable the  province will remain wet.  Company Towns.  Many complaints are heard  about closed towns Jn British  Columbia, or' as they are commonly called, "company" towns.  The Vanderhoot" Herald, in  which we have seen a. number  of articles showing public spirit,  says in a recent issue:  "The   Granby    people    and  other big   corporations   would  appear in  a much better light  if they paid all their attention-  to their particular line of business and allowed  the general  public to cater to  the  wants of  their   employees.     There   are  sevei*al closed  towns  in  B. C,  and.--those   towns  are all   conducted, by  foreign  capital that  secures our   natural  resources  for a  mere   pittance   and  the  province derives no benefit and  the finished   product is shipped  out of the country.   It has been  stated  that  at  Anyox,   where  the Granby  people prohibit all  persons   opening    a   business,  there  is sufficient  business- for  forty merchants.    The Granby  company pays a license of 920  per annum  to  handle all that  trade.   At Ocean Falls a similar  state of affairs exists."  These "company" towns tire  singular renewals of mediuival-  ism in the midst of modern  democracy. In these days it is  the popular belief that all are  emancipated .from" slavery, but  industrial 'peonage prevails in  these "company" towns,  Aside from this human aspect  there is wisdom in the words of  our northern contemporary.  British Columbia derives little  benefit from these foreign corporations. They are consuming our natural resources, which  they obtained for a small outlay. Their dividends enrich a  foreign country. This province  gains no advantage whatever  from their operations when  they compel their employees to  spend their wages at stores  operated by the company and  exclude the general publicfrom  doing business in their industrial comniunities. The significance of this is that not only  their dividends go out of the  province, but their payrolls are  added to the dividends.���������Vancouver Sun-  Four feet of snow at Nakusp. *^p-sn������a*������j*j������M������*.  zmm;  TBR     -GSZETTE,, " HEDLEY,     B,. -Ci  This Ointment Possesses  Power to Heal the Skin  IVo Cases  Which  Prove  the   Extraordinary  Healing'  Power of Dr. Chase's Ointment  Made in America  1!  'iiu tt.-c of Dr. Chase'.-. Ointment  v. c-nderfulh' satisfactory became  you can acluc-dly f-cc the results accomplished. It i'" surprising what  change* c?.n he brought about in n  single n iff hi by this great Lcaling  tiintiiipul.  Air.    George    "Ceavis.    HO    .Tan*cs  street,    I'ctcrboro,  Ont., 'Writes:  "As  a healing  ointment,     f consider    Dr.  Chase's the "best obtainable.,  T had <i  "larf-c running- sore on   my   leg",   and  although I had tried all the prescription-; of two doctors I was unable to  pet ari3r relict from the pain or to get  :hc sore healed.    One. day my druggist handed me a sample bo.c of Dr.  Chase's Ointment, and I used it with  such  pood  results  that  I tfecided  to  give the oiutrncnr a fair trial.    Alto-  " prcther  I  used    iour.boxes,    and  atn  g-lad to bcable to  say that the sore  on rrry leg is entirely healed iip. Since  this    experience    with' Dr.   ' Chase"*?  Ointment I have recommended   i: lo  many people.*' ,  Mrs. W. AV. Oliver. Port George,  Annapolis Co., N. J?., writes: "I am  going to tell you my experience with  Dr. Chase's Ointment. There was a  spot came on my face something like  a mole, but it kept getting worse,  and several doctors whom I consulted said it was skin cancer, and that  it would have, to be cut or burned  out. I intended having this done, but  changed my mind when my brother  recommended Dr. Chase's Ointment.  Leforc L had finished, one box of the  ointment this skin trouhle had gone,  aud has not bothered nie since. "I  cannot praise Dr. Chase's Ointment  too much, and you arc at libertv to  publish I his letter."  If you have never used Dr. Chase's  Ointment, send a two-cent stamp for  a sample box, and mention this paper. Price sixty cents a box, all  dealers,  or  Edmanson,   bates  &   Co.,  Limited.  Toronto.  High Grain Prices Should  JNot Drive Hogs from Farm  Pork, Certain    to    Command    Good'  Trices for Some Time to Come     ,  Tlie high prices paid for pork daring    the    past season    hsvc induced  It Takes a Whole Week to  Saj "Tank" in German  One Abbreviation Is "Schuentzengra-  benangriffs-Maschmc*'  "U. S. Finding They Can Get  Along  Without Made-irr-Germany  Article /  The war has cost us dearly in the-  advanced cost of living, but ii has its  tccompcrrcc. ' We have become nationally independent of Europe .in finance and in the manufacture of  many things we never made before,  and should become as much a fashion centre as Paris. 'In fact, .nam' so-  called Paris hats and gowns are made  in America, but bear n Paris price-  mark just to please the fancies of tiic  stylish set.  Never before hayc we b'ceti compelled to recognize the f-ict thai  American made toys, cutler v,  watches, musical instruments, leather goods, and many other items of  manufacture, arc even better than  those which we have been getting  from across the sea.  We are getting over Ihc emba,-  rassment that at first alarmed us  when our foreign supply was cut off  and wc were unprepared lo make  substitutes. We are now standing or  our own feet financially xv.d industri-'  ally, and can hold our position if v/c  recognize the- brand "Made in  America" with as much co-.fid**nce  as wc have heretofore put -*n -'Made  in Germany" or some foreign country.���������Successful Farming,       "    ,  many faimers lo part with more of  their stock of swine than they can  rightly afford. This is v mistake in  every respect. Kveu though the price  of feed has been high and promises  4.0 be higher, the price of the fattened  animal has, and will, rise in proportion, and even without an increase in  price the demand is so sure to hold  out that/at a reasonable profit every  farmer should be satisfied to mam-  tain a sufficient herd of these animals,  which besides bringing in fiinrct ca'-h  returns, do so much toward keeping-  tip the fertility of the soil.  Pigs need something besides gram  or meal to keep them in good conditio-.!, and ,whcre roots and milk are  mailable may be fed to excellent advantage. To ensure the h"?Ith of the  pigs in winter, access to unfrozen  earth should be allowed, r.-j the animals need a taste of the soil to keep  them from becoming constipated. Another important point in pig-keeping  is to have them dry at all times thct  thcrc_ is any danger of cold. To keep  his pips through to better times, a  farmer can afford to have them a  little on the thin side, but th-ry must  be kept dry to .be safe, and it is sur-  prisi'tR what odds and ends the pios  will clean up if driven to it.  Minard's Liniment Cures Diphtheria.  "t say, keeper! I'm sure I hit that  bird. Didn't you see the feathers fly.-"  Keeper: Ves. sir. and thev took the  bird with them.  ) vital ts a "schculycngn-benan-  R-rrtts-maschine?" Don't you know?  It is the same thing as a "schuetren-  grah���������enve^���������nightllngsautomob5I.���������-' What  beaten again? Then learn that- the  ty/o above words arc German abbreviations for "tank.'*  . If these words giyc any idea of the  impression our "tanks" have made,  upon the German mind, it is small  v.onder that Fritz trembles at "th"r  approach.  Another remarkable word invented  rV lh,c Pcn-iarrs is "jusquaboupst "  Lloyd George, they say, is a "jusqua-  boutrst ��������� [he word is derived fmn.  General Gallreni's declaration that he  W������V*n   'I   ������ld- .r."?r*f!   "iu������I������'au  bouf  ��������� till the finish." I  The Germans arc noL the onlv  people, by any means, to coin queer  words Probably they have some  ���������special name for the Gurkha, but,  whatever rt is. it can-hardly be better  than   1-oiurny s  "cut-and-comp-ar-'mi "  ������������������u������?aJ- b������wM'i- /.'.VVci������U>- Marias,'"  Whistling Wrlhcs" aud "Jack Tohn-  sons are. of- course, household wo*-d<;  by now. IJut wc do not all know ihe  term haricot bean," which mean-,  a_bullet, or "spider"* web/*' which is  ottcn used to denote a barbed wire  entanglement.  French sulphur mn.tch.-g possess  one 01 the queered nicknames. Thev  arc called "Asquiths," cj,,cc .,fl0i  they are struck one has to '*wait" and  sec    the result! i  A Prime Dressing for Wounds. ���������  In some factories and -workships car-  bolic acid is kept for use in cauteriz-  i ing,wounds and cuts sustained by the  1 workmen. Par " better to * keep on  hand a bottle of Dr. ThomaV Eclec-  tric Oil. It is just as quick" in ..ction  and does* not scar the skin or burn  the flesh. Thcre'is no other Oil thai  has its curative qualities.  Manoeuvring" With the  ^ Forces of the Universe  Although soiuewiiat uj-  creased in price owing- to  the continued high prices  of Polaiii, Glue, and other  raw material, are of the  usual iii'sii standard of  quality which, has made  them famous for two-  thirds of a century.  "... I  Always Ask for  Eddy's Matches  Germany's Great Feat  The wastage in  the military     man  power <".f Germany is eloquently  ad-i  mitted hy the drastic measures    that  have been adopted-by the Reichstag.  Under a new    "Home    Army"    Bill  every German male from 17   years to  GO. not serving the colors^or engaged  on   munitions,   will   be   compelled   to  enroll i'or service.   The selection  will  he subject to several exemptions, but  these arc few.    The organization vpivi  he in tho hands of the head-: of military districts,   although   thev will   be  assisted     by  representatives of     the  people.     Contraventions   ivill be punished'by  imprisonment  or. by a  line  up  to lO.f'OO marks.     There is    coi-  ..sidcrable opposition to ..the..measure.  Wild American Scheme  Which  Has  Received Some Credence  li  has  been   reliably reported  that  two New England .men arc about lo  startle    the world  with     an  entirely  new power supply.   One of these men  is said to be a consulting mechanical  engineer,    the other    an ris<ronom-"-r,  both    in    very good standing.     The  story is   that  these     two  men  have  gone so far in the realm of infinitiv;  formula that they have been able    to  develop a    method    that    will enable  them to stop the earth at will for~1-32  -of a second of time and to bottle up  the. energy necessary    to    stop    the  earth in its rotation for this interval,  store the product so created and sell  ir commercially to the world. It is to  means) oc hoped that before the plan is actu-  ��������� ���������    ���������  'ally put Ninto   commission |-������,o other  men  of equal abilities  will  be  found  who  will    be willing    to   collaborate  with them  to the end  that  the earth  can be started promptly in its revolutions after it is once  stopped, otherwise-there will be a painful absence  of market    for  this    novel  power ���������  Hugh T..  Cooper ' in    the ' Scientific  American.  Him:   ljarhnff.   [ would a--i.-vc.,j to  <-c   rny^.-rc,   but   I'm   afraid   in-,   income r-.-onh  ?2,000 a year would-not  J>e smucicnt for us to get alow on  m, ������irw ,:i'CS* ''t-^ou'd* I can-dress  on $LsQ0 a year and we. would have  all the ro;Jt for our living and house  hold  expenses.���������Indianapolis S  ta r.  Manitoba Boasts  Of Grain Acreage  Deputy   Minister   of   Agriculture   Is  Proud of High Per Capita  Figures  The output of grain per capita by  the Manitoba farmers is claimed hy  J. H,  Evans, acting deputy minister  substitutes; We~Tre~noT standing or I ������������ affrfculture, lo be greater than that,  mt,- n���������m f���������., fi:'���������:T7 .j ���������   's.������.|of    any    other    known    agricultural  country.  Rural population in the province  har- increased in the past ten years,  but owing to advanced methods the  yield of grain has increased in greater proportion. This has been possible  through the use of larger implements,  one man being able to perform the  work required on a half section under favorable  circumstances.-  In 1906 Manitoba had a population  of 250,000 with" 2,141,537 acres under  wheat, 1,155,961 acres under oats and  474,242 acres -under barley, as compared with 2,99-1,529 acres in wheat,  2,062,411 acres in oats and 1,153,660  a.cres  in  barley during 1916.  These figures fail to take into account the much larger acreage smn-  merfallowed of recent years, compared with the acreage thus tilled say  ten years ago, when the land was  newer and freer from weeds.  Flax was grown on 18,790 acres in  1906, as against 55,608 acres in 1916.  While flax has increased it has never  been    a 'popular    crop in    Manitoba.  Rye, on  the  other  hand,  li:-,<> gained  popularity    quite rapidly    of "** rec.cn*-  years.      Particularly   is   this   true,  of  winter rye, the chief reason  for this  being its value as a  crop  lo combat  weeds    in general and    wild  oats in  particular. -Ten years ago 4,195 acres  were seeded to rye,    while tire most  recent figures  represent "32,559 acres.  Until^   quite lately,    eastern friends  and neighbors  lo  the  south  were  of  tlie^ opinion that they enjoyed a natural monopoly of the conditions suitable    for. corn    growing,  t.nd    while  Manitoba    does not presume    to be  able, to grow coriuto such an extent  and wit If such success as they do, it  is   making  rapid -progress  ?long  this  .line.  The introduction oi; suitable varieties, "has paved the way for a hopeful future in corn growing. 1906 saw  6,246 acres in corn, while 1916 harvested 34,960 acres, and there is_every  reason to believe lhal nexl season  will enable this acreage lo be' grealiy  increased.  Corn measuring eight to- nine feet  in height is quite common this year,  and some stakes have measured over  ten feet six inches. With the adoption  of Y^orc intensified systems of farming, embodying well thought out crop  rotations, corn, root crops and potatoes will naturally increase in importance.  , Manitoba has passed through the  experimental stage in the use of farm  tractors. While this experience has  proven costly in many instances, the  average farmer throughout the province ^has a fairly definite idea in his  mind as io uses to which a tractor  can_ be put with profit. This is another instance |in 'connection with farm  management where success or failure  is largely dependent upon the human  factor, and the nature of. the farm  being operated.  In 1905, 2,465 threshing machines  were operated..- on..Manitoba, farms.  Increased acreage under tillige.. demanded snore fall plowing, 'it \vas  difficult   to   continue  a   member of  f lover and 8,000 acres in-alfalfa during the-prcscnt season, making aTc-  tal area of 250,000 acres :n "fodder  crops.  ^As a natural outcome of the trend  or events there' is considerable  giowth of the dairy indust.y. I he  growth of population, erection . of  comfortable farm home.-,' production  of succulent feeds and a splendid  liome market, were factors demand���������-  ing the expansion, of the dairy-Industry. , it has to grow, it will,grow-and  we can t 'stop it," is the way"one farmer accounts for'the increased jsro-  ductron in dairy products.     * '   ,  i Some five years ago butCer was be-  rng imported in carloads to Winnipeg. I his year sixty .carloads have  been    exported    already.    Creamery  *A*������-,madc In 1905 amounted to .1;-  249,9*5/ pounds, in 1915' to 5,839,667  pounds. The growth of the butter-*  rnakj.ng>iias largely occurred through'  butter factories. Manitoba has -iii the  neighborhood ' of forty" creameries  and twenty-five cheese factories  It wasrto be expected that   he live  stock industry would develop rapidlv  ���������J hrs has    been  ��������� the history    of- tlie  commencement of farm operations in  every country. Our geographical situation entails long hauls to seaboard,  and therefore our exports-mast be itr-  as^.<ion$eutrated a form as possible. ''  . 1 he fact that Ontario farmers' have  been  able  m  years_gbne  by  to  purchase feeders from the West and also  purchase gram grown in our western  provinces, to. finish these   steers    op  higher  priced  land has  taught as a  valuable lesson. " / -  A Pill That is Prized.���������There hav������  been many pills put upon tlie mr.r-  ket aud pressed upon mifc-lic attention, but none has -endured so long  or met with so much favor as Par-  mclce's "vegetable Pills. Widespread  use of litem has attested their great  value, antl they need no further advertisement than this. Having firmly  established themselves in p-.iblic esteem,  thev now rank .wit'-roul a peer  Minnie:  So sorry to hear of yom"  motor accident! '- ���������  ���������-Lionel:    Oh, thanks; it's    nothing.  Expect  to  live  through ��������� many more.  Minnie: Oh, but I hope "not".���������Cincinnati Commercial Tribune. .       '  "And how are you, Robinson?"  "Like the weather report.'"'  "Changeable.?"        ;  "No, dry,"with" little or ho change."  TYPHOID  h bo more necesMry  thanSmaIlpo3c;  Army  experience has demonstrated  the olmost rh':SCTiIous/etfl- .  Cscy, andharsilessness.of AntityplioM Vaccination. '  Be vaccinated NOW by your chyslclani jroa usd  your family. Ii is "more vita! than bouse Insurance.  \is!c your physician, dragelst, or Bend f or "Hay*  you bad Typhoid?" telling o2 Typfabl<l/t������cc'ne,  lesultslrom ua , and dancer froai Typhoid Carriers.  THE CUTTER IABORAT0BY. BCKKELEY. CAL  M9������ucu������ VACcraES ������ (MUiii u������zi u. ���������. sot. uczasi  "iii the list of standard vegetable  paraiions.'  ���������)re  COOK'S   COHOH   ROOT  COMPOUND  A stfa. reliable Ksulailnt meJi,  elm. Sow in three degrree* oj  streneth. - No. 1, |l; No. 2. Si\  No. J, $3 per bor. Sold by all  arumrbts, or sent prepaid in  p^in package on receipt ol  P?Jce. Free p������mphtet. Address  THU COOK MQDICINB CO.  y������r������.ifo. Ont (Fonnufc ITbtJmr.)  A  Try This on-Hubby.  "What  do  you  suppose  i-.as  come'  oyer Mr. Plank this moiuiinc;?" i-'sked!  Mrs. Plank astonished.    "J. n^.-e rs aw  um so happy.    He started oaf of'the  house whistling like a bird"  "Maybe"-Tin  to blame, ma'aru," replied the new maid.   ������������������.' ^ t!l, '     .  ages mixcd_up and g;,v-c him bird^ee^  If the end of the day finds you weary or irri-  table,*with aehingheadand frayed nerves,you need  something to tone and strengthen the system  The Value of the  Blockade  Lot us not undcr-estimate the value  of the blockade.   Tl is slrang'ing_ Germany   and   her  partners,   while   it   is  preserving-  the "freedom   of   ihe   seas  for  t:s  and  our allies.     We  and   our  friends are going about- our business  subject only to  the illegal and inhumane     operations     of     .-submarines.  These tinder-water craft have not inflicted -c.tr us as much  injury proportionately, as   did; the   frigates   of  last  century  (luring  the   ten   years   which  separated   Trafalgar   from   'Waterloo.  Wc  have, moreover,- placed  our grip  on   the  enemy 'without  drawing  inlo  th6 arena in opposition to us a single  neutral power.    That is a great achievement.. .Wc have, exercised    with i  increasing" strictness a   vigilance  over  their   sea   traffic  such     as   lus   neve* j  been   exercised   before,   and   LSI J   has j  not  been repeated in   our  c:;pcrii.*i?r.;. I  ������������������London   Telegraph. I  STAMflErilNS  ��������� Muttering overcome posItivelrTOur  natural methods permanently reatora  natural  Craduate i  ������e������eiy-  ���������v- --JL -. T-~ Jpuplb-���������  -tybere.   Free adnco and literature.  "THE ARNOTT INSTITUTE  KITCHENER;     -     CANADA  threshing rig and still carry on tillage operations.on the home farm.  There is also a well-founded . belief  that stock threshing tends to .scatter  weeds from farm to farm. The result  if. that many smaller machines now  operate and the number has been tn-  creTtscd to 4,102.  The awakening to the opportunities:-  in the live stock indust'ry confronted!  Tie Soul of a Pianc is the  Actios.    Insist on the  Otto Higel Piano Action  j  ���������in    wptlmn!   fOUGElACo  M   nwtzxuAn c5 ������,....���������'>L'l������l .l*OST < CT������  W'liv sit/Ft-  nd hay.    Ten years ago thd wes     n \ *r���������V*" ������������������^&$^^W  re Brass, while fcnowrTin many parts   pS^UA^SS^mSff^SS^S  I the   r,rr>vinre   T.-nc r,������������-  ^������^,.:;.:.,~ .i..    *RVNR*DR������r.i*.c<T������sTrtr.rca^iiT.'i_D- "-OM30.*? ana.  r  from  corns   when   th  ! I-lol!  painlessly rooted out by ti.-in;  nwar  Corn Cure:  are a remedy which quickly helps in restoring normal  "conditions. They act on the stomach, liver and bowels,  and so renew the strength, and steady the nerves.  A few doses of these world-famed family pills will  eicome Relle  ���������Prepared only by Thomas Beocham. St. Helens, Lanca.I,Ire. En������l������n J  Sold ererywl-ereu, Canada Md U. S. America'.   In box".. 25 c������"  A visitor -to an English trai.i'iK--  c;...mp was greatly shocked at. the appearance of the men. Turn where he  'would, black eyes and ��������� bruised faces  .were astonishingly frequent-��������� aii'oi'>  the  soldiers. /'''".' *:*  "What's been thc'trouble?"' l-e������;t'sk--  cd, ms  friend.  "ilad    a row  with   .the  ..ment,     that's  all."  replied  poral.  ^VVIial about,?"  . "Oh,', the  beggars  set   a  watch   their   towel   while   it   was. out  ���������drying*;    and    we    felt   .insulted." ���������  Youths Companion.       . '     ,"        '   /  Flubclub:' That's a bad cold vou  have, .Cnizzlcr. Are vou taking, am-  tiuug for it?    , -  (iu^ler: Thanks, old .man.  care  if  J.  do.  I and hrtv  !ry    _       .   _ -..   ,^.-o  of the province, was not receiving the  support of agricultural experts.  Kenneth Mclvor of Virden doubtless was the'warmest' advocate of  western rye grass. , The table's- have  turned., and it is recognized today as  one of our most valuable grasses,  and is grown on close lo 3,000 acres  of -land, while bronie grass and timothy are much better understood,  nearly''10,000. acres of the former and  140,000 _ acres of the latter being  grown in the province the present  season. .     ���������    ��������� ..-���������������������������'.  One  can   safely say that ten  years  ago    there was    comparatively    little  clover, and alfalfa-- grown'outside of  cur experimental farms.    The  "introduction   of   hardy   varieties, ''ogcthcr  with  the knowledge gained as lo cultural    methods, have    brought these���������  valuable fodder crops to grciter pro-*  niiriencc.   The use of nitro culture or  some'other  medium for    inoculation  { hits also accounted in no-small measure   for-   the   success   attained   in   the  don'*   production- of cloycr'and- alfalfa; approximately   there' arc  7,000 ;:crcs in  next  ) e^i-  thc   C'or-  ������������������entrv   *c   J CO 1 . ....>, .-iuu. LOIiDO.1. int.  ���������JRlf NKWDR������GCS.tT(l3TECi:S3)FO(I.UOP   EASY TOTUI  TH &��������� R A PI QN LASTIMO cuaa.  Ml THAT TRADE MARICSD WORD 'THEflAPIOH I������ OB  BUT. GOVT ST&U7 AtMUZO XO ALL GStiLIK* fACVLT*.  VETERINARY COURSE AT HOME  *>     ~ T������ughl la tunpIeM EijIIsh durinl  *P**e tltnc. Dlploati rranteiT.  Cost wltlila re������ch ol all. Satfatac  tioasiULrftatced. Ilsve been tcaclo.  tag by correspoad������ftc������--*.woQ ty  srean. Gradt!at������i assisted In many  wmjrs. E������erjr parson Interacted In  (tscb E*totU<l tabe It. Write lor  eataloiris aad full rfiffB  parttcalats  -   ���������   . r H *6 at  Lanata-nVst.CarraapanatonM  ������eto*l  Otfi. 59  LMHfwa. Oaiuta, Cua.  **BpOK  OS  DOG DISEASES.  Arid How to Feed  MaII*I free to an/ addreM b-r  -   "      ���������    tho. Author           H.���������IAY GLOVER CO., lac  '.  Dflj R0G.gdtelgll8 We������t 31������t Street, New Yorfc I  V,  im  :.'4  "-1  -i  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, &c.   \        \  M  imessiiaffiMGSimimmmmimM***?*' THE      GAZETTE.      11EDLE������;      B.      C.  UNIVERSITIES CONTRIBUTE  REMARKABLE AID TO THE NATION  SCIENTIFIC   ^SEARCH   TO   HELP   WIN THE WAR  Mobilization  of  the   IJrain  Po.vvcr of the  English   Universities  Proven, to Be a Most Important* Factor in Accomplishing  ' Necessary Investigation Along Scientific Lines      *    *  ���������-  o ' -   Duchess of Connaught     '  Thanks Canadian Women  Aeroplane and sttbmariuc construc-  ��������� lion has been vitally affected^ by the:  discoveries of English university pro-  .lessors during the war. The ministry  _of munitions has given the Brooklyn  Eagle's London correspondent   some  splendid.examples   of   , ho\v bookish  men,  devoting their intense scientific  knowledge    to    the   development    of  man-killing devices,    have    achieved i alely following  the  outbreak  of the  some brilliant results. ' , -  department/has given information  rind advice, to the clothing department of the war office w'ch -egard  lo military leathers,' and has made  it indirectly possible lo provide the  boots needed by ,lire .armies- of Ore-it  Britain and her allies without^ disastrous delay.  During the critical period immedi  -The    mobilization - of    the    brain  ,.. power of English universities was not  accomplished     without     some  delay  ?nd   confusion,  for   the   British' War  , Office had .not encouraged    the med-  ' dling (.of  professors 'with   the  affairs  of    fighting. __ The  German-   government,  on  the  contrary, had  encouraged since 1870 the closest intimacy  'between    scientific research and.   the  manufacture, of munitions of, war.  Tt  may be said that every German tech-  nichal school was potentially and actually an arm of the war office.  At the outbreak of the war, complicated problems of-construction immediately    presented   themselves^   to  the  British  Government.    The _ staffs  of" the  four  technical  universities  of  iYIanchcsler,    Liverpool,, Leeds    and  Sheffield placed    themselves unresc-r-  svedly at the disposal of the war office  and   the  admiralty,  and,   acting  - under suggestions from -the heads of  departments,    began    to work   along  ���������certain" definite  lines.  The  two  most  ��������� important   weapons   of  modern   warfare, about which    least ->yas known,  were the aeroplane and the submarine.     Attention  was  largely  concentrated upou .these    arms    of Ihe sr-r-  . vice.' - -  .Professors of bolany.^t'erailcs, metallurgy, geography and chemistry be-  gaiXlo conduct difficult series of ex-  3 rim  pc  war, the dyeing department of iLeeds  University placed its erftire'.''equipment and personnel at ihe disposal  of the British Government; ll will be  remembered that there, was a dangerous shortage of cliemical products  ���������clue to the cutting off of,lire German supply. .During the pas.1 eight  months technical-{investigations have  been iii progress on manufacturing  processes for dyestuffs and raw materials not hitherto ma'de in England.  These investigations, ..which are kept  ,sccret7~afe shown to have F&*e'n- suc-  .cessful, although the exact degree  of success will not be apparent until  German and English dyosluffs take  their place in the open market. * . -  Commercial experiments in tho  cultivation of flax, owing*" <o the stoppage of the Belgian llax supply, were  also conducted. The textile industries department has organized entirely, new combinations of machinery to produce, yarns-arid -fabrics, of a  type hitherto imported from the'eon-  tincnt. The staff of*this department  has helped in testing khaki" for British uniforms and has'giveu valuable  advice to the war, office in procuring  yarn for ammunition bell fabric.  Professors, of chemistry havo engaged in the preparations of antitoxins  for new wounds.  JM embers of the staff of    Sheffield  University   "have    conducted geogr  phical aud  ents.   The   composition of  high   J",lCill1  "^    geological  investigations  explosives in aeroplane    bombs    was ��������� f?r uie. admiralty, and  the  metallur  studied, and Dr. Lang, professor    of  botany at "Manchester, .conducted  most important researches into the  causes of the deterioration of linen  aeroplane wings. The engineering'  department found new methods of  testing gauges for height and depression, while the chemical department  regularly inspected and tested various explosives made b3r ���������ihc ministry  of munitions.   ,  The question of wireless telegraphy from aeroplanes --was undertaken by a "Manchester professor, who  made an important discovery. These  discoveries were of the utmost importance in bringing the British aeroplane to ,lhe_ present state of efficiency so wonderfully demonstrated on  the So*"*"������me front. -The Eagle's correspondent lias been'* given access to the  official records of what these Manchester professors actually i accomplished, and although the ministry  of munitions has requested a certain  discreet amount of vagueness in the  description, the correspondent may  state that when the exact results arc  published after the war (if then)  professors in" American. technical  schools will be astonished at ,vhat  has been done within a brief two  years'  experimenting.  The submarine ��������� question presented  two aspects. The "offensive "aspect,  embracing the questions of concealment, propulsion and offensive armament, and the defensive aspect, dealing almost "ntircly with the detection and capture of German' submarines. The Daily Express staled that  one of the 'men who invented steel  nets for catdhing submarines was a  university professor.  The distillation of various important substances from coal tar has-  been   continuously  carried  on  in  th  gical laboratories have similarly been  lent to theNadmiralty for the purpose  of chemical analysis of certain' materials. Prof. J. O: Arnold, F.R.S.,  who holds the chair of metallurgy  at Sheffield, has been for ihe last 20  years confidential adviser to the admiralty and of the leading Sheffield  armament firms Until comparaliccly  recent years the science of steel had  been a neglected study, but* Prof.  Arnold gave'an immense impetus to  the study by his important researches. Of the 32 discoveries relative to  the constituents" of steel, 29 have been  made in the laboratories of Sheffield  University. "Sheffield steel" is a byword in America.  Previous to the outbreak of the  war a growing dissatisfaction was  apparent in England with tlie traditional academic methods of 'xford  and Cambridge. It was.felt that these  two pre-eminent universities should  contribute something more definite  and practical to English life than  the development' of a languid manner  and an exclusive accent, with the  ability of quoting Latin and Greek  tags. Although Oxford ������*nd Cambridge have given" their last undergraduates lo the new armies and  have suffered heavily in casualties,  their record, based ���������orr actual result,  will scarcely stand comparison today with the four northern universities.   '  Mkch Pleased and Touched at Their  Farewell Gift to Her Fund ,  Through Miss Dorothy Yorke,  lady-in-waiting To her Royal Highness" the Duchess of Co-inaught,  Lady Borden has received a message  of thanks- to the women of Canada  for the splendid farewell gift to her  Royal Highness, which has been applied to the Duchess' Prisoners of  War Fund. The letter reads:  "CJarcnce House, St. James, S.W.,  London.  "My Dear Lady Borden,���������Her  Royal Highness has asked me to  write to you informally and to express to you how very much delighted and pleased she was to receive  the cable announcing thai the splendid sum, of $55,585 had been placed  lo her^ credit at the Bank of Mon-.  treal i������- London. This wonderful*  farewell- gift of the women of Canada has touched her very deeply, and  she hopes you will convey to all  those who worked so hard in collecting, the money her very gtc-ajL appreciation of their kindness. She feels  especially grateful --to you for all ihe  trouble ,you have taken in the matter.  The sum lias been-placed, on deposit  at. the bank, so.the interest upojofir  will, add substantially until the money"  is needed,.  ."Yours very-sincerely,  \ /    ���������        . "Dorothy Yorke.*'-  Distribution of Food  Supplies Britain's Problem  *   '   ���������      i   Food ''Controller   Says   Each   Individual Must Hav������ Just His  Fair Share  Baron Devo'nport, speaking in the  House of Lords, said the solution ot  the food question resolved itself into  one.of a system of rationing. It was  not enough to maintain the food supplies, but it was overwhelmingly essential that they be distributed fairly.  The food controller said his first  duty would be to ascertain the quantity of food stocks available and" the  stocks visible. There were many unpatriotic people, he said, trying lo get  hold of supplies in excess of their  wants. -   .  "'My remedy,*' said Baron Dcvoi.-  port," "vull.be to adjust the supplies  coming into the country so that everybody will have an equal chance of  getting a_������air share���������no" tnon^and no  less. Oh account of many people  buying up supplies, sugar cannot be  got at all. A remedy must be found  for that: Possibly the only way will  be by a system of rationing."  Il was obvious, Baron Devonpoit  added, that a general diminution iir  the consumption'of staple food was  necessary. At present thij diminution could only be Brought about by  voluntary abstinence, but if voluntary abstinence was not successful it  would be necessary to make abstinence comoulsorv.  SOCIAL SERVICE PROBLEMS WILL  RECEIVE ATTENTION IN THE WEST  NEW  COMMUNITY   SPIRIT IS TAKING FIRM HOLD  Interest in  the Social  Service 'Movement is Manifested  by all  Classes, and the Series of Congresses Recently Held Have  Aroused Great Enthusiasm  ' o     *  -  Forest Fire Laws  Want Scope of Manitoba Laws Extended  A campaign of considerable vigor-  has been waged in the province of  Manitoba for some time past" under  the inspiration of the Canadian Forestry Association to have the provincial legislature adopt means to stop  the great timber waste in the northern section of the province caused by  forest fires. Most of these fires originated on settlers' lands where clearing operations are Carelessly conducted.and very frequently result in dangerous conflagrations. The catastrophe in Ontario last summer was due  entirely to settlers' fires.  It has been discovered that Manitoba already has committed itself to  the principle of issuing permits for  the setting out of fires in the northern forested districts. This is contained in the Fires Prevention Act of  1913, but xthc scope of "the Act is  wholly municipal, and it has no appli-*  cation to the districts where fire prevention is most needed, namely the  unorganized municipalities.  Tlie Manitoba Government is now-  being asked to make lire Act app'v  to unorganized municipalities,- and it  is _ suggested that the-issuing of'permits and the supervision of the fires,  so as to prevent them .doing" damage,  might be entrusted to the rangers of  lhe_ Dominion Forestry''Branch, thus  relieving the- province of the administration costs. The Dominion Gov-  ernmenr is willing to undertake the  additional duties.  Democracy Among- Royalty  German    Reigning    Houss     ' '/holiy  Without the Modern ilon.se of  Human Equality  It is  probably much  more difficult  to   be  a  democrat   in  a  royal  family  than   in   the   family    of  an   ordinary  citizen.    Scarcely any royal family in  Tribute to Canada's Women  From    General    Sir    William  ertson  Rob-  Upoir  learning of the. work  which  is  being  done  by     Canadian  women  . in munition plants, General  Sir Wil-  ^iliam   Robertson  wrote   the   'blowing  Manchester   laboratories,  as-likewise   ������"' h"*^���������^  ������*   Nov.  2 ^ This  *t,���������   ������������������.-������������������~���������<.   ������������������.-���������.:������������������..' t   ���������.,���������i.:���������.-.,   letter  has  been  received  by   the  dc  Sample Grain Markets  Minister or Public Works Is Pushing'  His Ideas to Early Completion  Hon. Robert Rogers, minister of  public works, states that vrr-iyle markets will be established at air bujing  points in Western Canada at the earliest possible date. The cabinet council decided upou it prior to the departure of Sir George Foster for England.    Mr.' Rogers is particularly urg- j  Europe has been successful with the  exception of the British, in breeding  democrats. The Danish royal house  has been trained in excellently simple style, and the Quccn-Mollrcr is a  testimony to the success of the method, and so are her children. But  King Conslautine of Greoee is only  the second generation awav from I he  Danish simplicity and he has not escaped the German taint. Perhaps his  wife is to blame. The father of the  present King of Sweden was a good  democrat, but there are doubts about  the present monarch, and chiefly on  account of his pro-German tendencies. The King of Italy is democratic, and so is the Serbian ruler. King  Albert of Belgium promises Jo be one  of the great figures of history, 'and  it he should, be, it will be due to his  democracy. The Czar is far more democratic than the autocratic form  and methods of rhe Russian Government might lead one to expect.  Queen Wilhclurina of Holland, .vnd  1 King  Haakon of Norway  iug that the system be put mlo force/lvlnj?  "aakon of -Norway follow the  without delay.   Provision already has   modern tendencies.   It is only in Ger-  hayc been made for the manufacture  'of'shrapnel'and for important parts  of munitions-making tools. S.. Lc.es,  a .fellow of St. John's College,' Cambridge, and a member of the mechanical engineering department .of Manchester _ University, has been given  leave of absence to enable him to accept a commission as engineer lieutenant in tl  is respons  courses    of  combustion engines'" .which arc now  given to naval officers serving oir  submarines or in the rival naval air  service.  Liverpool University has 'concentrated on the manufacture- of drugs,  work on high explosives, manufacture of gauges for munitions'workers  however, cause me any surprise,  for the way in' which Canadian  women have so freely offered  their manhood���������husbands, sons and  brothers -��������� is a clear proof of the-r  i determination to support the Em-  j pire, and of their readiness to bear  the sacrifices thereby entailed. 1"  I entertain    the highest    confidence in  to  tual  11,7.   pZi;,     S     I i      the PPwcr of ������������r womcH, not only tc  ihlo for ������,V? ������? h?i������n'd������ Z���������^ assistance in the aclua;  siblt for .all the shoe j performance of work, but also to in-  it    mstruc.'.on on    internal, ,\:���������rnf��������� ���������,i c,-,,,,,!.,^ ��������� .-.,;,���������* J ,7,  vigorate and stimulate a spirit of do  votion  and     determination     on;     the  part of the men." :'.  Keen Disappointment  Gregory, aged six, was being driven from the station on his first visit  to  Yorkshire.     His' mother,  noticing  and" pathological and   bacteriological ��������� a  troubled    look on  his     face as h  work fo'r the  war'office. glanced about, said, "What's the mat  ter, dear?    Don't 3-011 like the beautiful country?." '  ��������� ���������' ���������  "Yes,    mother;     but on     my map  Yorkshire is "dorown!"  -0'nc of the most important discoveries has been  made  at  Leeds  University'with, regard-, to the tanning of  leather.  The  work of Prof. Procter,  head of the leather industries depart-    ment, reads more like romance  than       "There's a young man   who  makes  war realrty.   .He has been, the chief, little things count."  originator of the chrome leather tan-i    "How does he do it?"  ning process,  which  accelerates  tart-1 ��������� "Teaches arithmetic in the infants'  mug from 10 weeks to 16 hours. This  schooll"  been made by proclamation confirming clauses of the Dominion Grain  Act. It only remains for the government and the grain commission to  make the provisions operative. -The  order-in-council and proclamation approving of sample- markets- were  passed as far back as* November of  1912.  Tt is expected that the new system  will be in force early enough to affect  the marketing of a large part of the  present season's still unmarketed  crop.  Mr. .Rogers states that in his opinion'sample''markets-will be of large  benefit.to  the farmers,  Under, the present system, he contends, ther.e is a wide divergence of  price for various grades.-Even in normal times the spread between No. 1  and No. 2 'Northern is at least five  cents. The farmer might have an  extra No. 2 Northern, wliich, however, did not grade exactly up lo No.  1. But he was compelled to take the  No. 2 Northern price. By the sample  market he would receive the benefit  of the quality and the resultant benefit of price.  Prayer to Be Heard  Dick and Jimmy were spending a  few days with their grandmother,  who spoils them, as (grandmothers  will. One night they were saying  their prayers, and little Jimmy vociferated his petitions to-the heavenly  throne in .1 voice that could be heard  a mile. He was telling the Divine  Providence what he wanted for  Christmas���������and his enthusiasm in the  cause got on his brother's nerves.  "What are you praying for Christmas presents so loud for?" interrupted Dick.    "The Lord ain't deaf."  "No,"- whispered Jimmy, ''but  grandma is.".  nianjv and in the countries allied  with her that the reigning houses are  wholly without the modern sense of  human cqualiiy. Canada has been  fortunate in having in iii,*. Duke of  Counaught a living- tcstinronv to the  real democracy of the British  family.���������Toronto World.  rov.  Teacher: Well, -Henry,-" arc 'you  learning anything?       ...  Henry: Please, no, sir. I nrc lis-  teiutt' to you,  Rumania's Long Frontier  The-trouble was that Rumania h-.*d  much too long n frontier for the  number of men she could muster.  The most surprising thing about Rumanian affairs is that the country  ever consented or was permitted- to  enter the war tin-til .a strong Russian  army had been mobilized on her  borders ready td take over, the entire southern or the. entire western  half of her frontier from the very beginning. It isj-plain now that Russia  was not ready to give Rumania adequate assistance. This lends plausibility to the story that Germany  forced Rumania's hand and brought  her into the war much sooner than  she had intended to enter. If that  is the case; the Rumanian debacle is  even stronger/evidence of the foresight and energy of the German government than has' been recognized.���������  Buffalo  Express.  Another Scotticism  McTavish and Mac.phcrson are  adrift at  sea in  an  open  boat.  McTavish (on his knees): O, .Lord,  I ken I've broken maist o* thy commandments. And I've been a hard  drinker all my days But, O Lord,  if we're spared this time, I promise  never��������� . .    ���������*,  Macpherson: I widna commit myself ower far, Donald. 1 think I <-,cc  land.���������Life.  t . He Knew  Teacher: A nomad is a person who  moves about a great deal--:iever remains long in one place. Johnny  narnc  some  tribe  ot  nomads.   , '  Johnny: Cooks*  '   The^ new   community' spirit -has  gripped Western Canada.   The .era of  individualism    is gone.   .The    people  are facing their difficulties '^nd working out their problems .together, conscious that    their interests    are one.'  The policy of drift in public affairs  is renounced. I.A careful study of social _ conditions  and  a  firm grasp  hi  dealing with them is'demanded of the  leaders" in Church and State.   ' This  spirit has just received striking    expression in the series ofNSocial Service   Congresses  held  in-"the middle  West.   The president and secretaries  of  the    Social  Service    Council    of  Canada, Rev. Dr. G. C. Pidgeon, Rev.  Dr. J. G.   Shearer and Rev.- Dr. T. '  Albert' Moore,  have     returned  from  these Congresses, and    report them  as successful    from    every point    of  view.    The Congresses were held in  Calgary, Regina and Winnipeg. During  the winter months  similar gatherings will be held in British Columbia and the eastern provinces.  _ Deep interest is  taken in the  Social Service movement by all classes.  In Alberta the government was  represented by iour    deleg-ites, whose  contributions to the discussions were  most valuable.    Three , members of  the   Saskatchewan   government   were  on the program, and a similar number of the Manitoba government assisted in the conference in Winnipeg.  In   each  of the   three  provinces   the  Lieutenant-Governor presided at one  of the evening meetings and gave the  movement  his  cordial  support.    The  churches, the labor organization's, the  W.C.T.U. and Womenls Councils and  other organizations were fully repre- '  sented.   The whole course of the dis-  -  cussions showed, the people's interest  in their social problems and their determination  to  deal  with" them in a  practical way.  Vigorous attacks were made on the  whole patronage system in politics.  -*r-he_ governments of Manitoba and  British Columbia are both pledged  to the abolition of patronage. The  congresses in Alberta and Saskatchewan raised the whole issue, and resolved to appoint committees for  carrying on the agitation and securing government action oh the mat-,  ter. The addrcss.es of Princ'pal John  Mackay, of Vancouver, Jed the  thought of the delegates on "this subject, and he was ably supported by  prominent public men in e-rch pro-J  viucc. All the West has suffered severely from this pernicious svstcm in  the public service, and is determined  that patronage must go."  The rural problem, the labor qucs������  lion, immigration, the various phases  of the social evil, the rights v and  needs of the children and .social reconstruction after the war were  among the questions considered. But  what struck the observer svas not  so much the practical character of  the subjects studied as the determination of all classes to meet the needs  thus revealed. One man remarked:  "The West will lead all Canada in "  social experiment and reform. They  are not satisfied with what they sec  in the East, and arc resolved to introduce a better order."  The_ new community spirit is influencing life .in many ways. One of  the provinces, in endeavoring to-  make the school a social centre, offers the teacher and his family a  house and ten acres of land. The  work on that land is to be done by  the boys under the teacher's supervision, as part of their school training. The work in the home is to be  done by the girls, under the direction or" the teacher's wife, as part of  their training.- This means that the  teacher needs a working knowledge  of scientific agriculture. But the  value of such a school as a community centre, especially among our  non-English - speaking immigrants,  cannot be' over-estimated.  The address of Mr. Raymond  Robins, of Chicago, sounded the keynote for all the conferences. Air.  Robins is a wealthy American, who  is giving his life to Social Service.  Deep religious convictions, a practical bent _ of mind and remarkable  powers,of expression make him a  marked man in any gathering. He  has a message' for Canada in the  present crisis that the whole country-  ought to hear.���������Toronto Globe.  lrca  A Receptive  Mood.  "Do  you  favor protection  or  trade?"  "Well, r like ...what protection has  accomplished in the past.- But I  must admit it isn't anything compared to what the free traders believe  they can bring about in the course  of . time." ��������� Washington Evening  Star.  Frigid  "He travels in the most exclusive  circles.".  "He doesn't look like a society  man." ���������    .. ,  "He's a polar explorer; the������c'*i  nothing common about the Antafctic  circle."���������Buffalo Express, ���������:���������.-���������.������������������'-���������'-^rS-'-S ���������������������������--.>-.V.-''.--^  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY;      13. ,..C.  lies  War Organization  British ' Munition     Factories     Next  Year  Will  Quadruple Their  Present Output  ** Frederick ii. Coudcil told ���������the  members of the National Security  League at their meeting at the Hotel  Astor, New York, that by next  spring the British munition factories  would be producing four times as  much as at present. This was one'of  the thing', he had learned ��������� during a  -.isil to the British and the French  fronts in September and October.  "You do not realize the time it  takes to produce munitions in adequate quantities," he said. "I happen  to know the experience of some of  our own manufacturers v.ho thought  they would have reached maximum  in ten months when il really look  twenty-four, it takes a year lo maki  the big guns.  "France was saved al the Marne by  the 75's, but the 75 is now i> defensive weapon only. For offensive the  larger guns are essential, but the  general result of the controvcisy  which has been raging fot some rime  over- the general merits of veiy large  aud medium size guns has seemed lo  be the conclusion that guns of medium calibre are better for most pui-  poses and that great guns are valuable only in exceptional - circumstances.  "Afler tlie fusi year England will  ha\e probably the most number, best  organized and beat equipped army in  Europe. Its late development ic-  moves il from the burden of old  models of equipment and gives il an  opportunity to begin with (he, newest models of aeroplanes and artillery. England had lo Jcarn that  150,000 men no matter" how good,J  were useless, /-and millions were  needed. New they have the millions.  Sir Douglas Haig told me that he  had 1,500,000 men under his command, and there must be 3,000,000 or  4,000,000 al home.  "The organization of the armies  behind the line is amazing. 1 saw  thousands of women, under the detection of- a Parisian painter, paint-  rug ploughed fields' green -,o that  ll^ would look like wheat, fot the,  confusion of aeroplane observers.  Back from the firing line, oul of danger, the great system of roads for ihe  enormous traffic required by the suppling of the^army is kept :tip by .the  work of prisoners, who, after a few  days, become happy an'd cheerful,  with such'a discipline that. I hey are  kept undet an almost nominal sui-  vcillancc and work well under the direction of their own lio.i-commis  slotted  officers."  Mention of the gallantty of French  and Canadian troops was hcartily  checred,���������/.particularly of the Canadians, of whom Mr. Cottdcrt said:  "I felt that after all it was a consolation to know that North America  produces such a fine race of men."  ! Alone He Took 102 Germans  A Successful Raid Made on a Teuton Dugout by Private Tom  Jones  Private Tom Jones of a Clic������liiic  regiment was digging himself in after a charge by a detachment from  his legiment in one of the sections  of the Sommc battle front. A shower  of bullets from*.a Gcfrman dugout  about fifty- 3rards distant spattered  around Private Joncs_. But he continued to dig himself "in There came  another shower of bullets and the  soldier beside Private Jones gave a  half cry-, half sob, and. relaxed into  v  quivering mass of flesh aud khaki.  Private Jones swore in good Cheshire English and threw down his  spade  "If I'm goiu' lo be killed, I'm goin'  to be killed fighlin'," he said, and  thereupon he grabbed bin rifle and  started out alone fot that German  dugout.  "We're goin'^too," finally said two  of the soldicrs'and leaped lo their  feel and raced across the intervening space. When they reached the  dugout they got a sight they will  never forget There was ,Prnate  Jones standing in front of 102 able-  bodied Germans, all of whom had  their hands in the air. Jones was  menacing them with bombs held m  each hand. He had -blown in the  door of the dugout with a bomb and  killed three of the Germans who had  lesisted him. The rest suirendered.  Private Jones, according to the  London Telegraph, has been given  the  Victoria   Cross  The Submarine  Menace in War  The Fur Bearing  Animals of Manitoba  Link Science with  Industry for Canada  \  $10,000 a Year Man Heads New Research Board to Make Blue-  Book Reports  The first special statement relating to the sessions of the advisory  council on scientific, -and'industrial  research which concluded in Ottawa  i cccntly, was given out by Sir George  Foster, Minister of Trade and Commerce. Sir George announced that it  had been decided s that it would be  necessary to have somebody give hi->  whole time and services to the work  it was proposed to undertake, and  that Dr. A. B. McCallum, of the"Uni-  -���������.ersity of Toronto, had been unanimously chosen chairman of the advisory council. He "will be paid a  salary of $10,000 per year. Dr. McCallum will in a short time remove  to Ottawa to take complete charge  of the work.  J. B. Challis, Ifead of the Dominion  water-power branch, department of  the interior, has volunteered his services for the time being as secretary'  of the advisory- council. The other  members of the council .will give  their time and services as a free contribution to the public service undertaken, though their travelling expenses will be paid by the government.  The first work of the f advisory*  council will be to, bullihc plat:s and  mature the measures' that commend  themselves.to their best judgment for  the consideration of the committee  of. "cabinet council. Once these arc  approved it will become the business  of the "council, under the direction of  Dr. McCallum, .to supervise r.nd  carry out the measures adopted.  "In this way," says the statement,  "it is believed that impetus can be  given to the cause of scientific research in Canada which will prove of  the greatest possible*benefit to -inc  industrial and producing interests of  the country*. All other progressive  countries are . devoting attention to  this work, and. with immense natural  resources and water-power facilities  there is every reason to believe Canada will be able, with the co-operation oF business acumen, capital and  scientific aid to take her place with  the progressive nations of the world.  Figures That Worry  Doctor:  Have  vou   tried  counting  up to 100?  Insomnia Patient: Yes, but at forty  I remember . that's . the amount of  your bill, and at eighty my wife's  new gown . gets .-.my . goat!���������Philadel-  phia Bulletin,  With the Advance of Civilization  Many Wild Animals Are  Disappearing '���������������������������  In years of long ago, when white  man first invaded Rupert's Land, the  territory known as Manitoba, of today, few, if any, domains ���������' of ihe  North American Continent possessed  a greater array of fur-bearing creation. And many- varieties of such arc,  in diminished numbers, a nattnal sequence of civilization, yet v ithin the  once .territory of Indian inhabitant. A  summary of the wild animal product  the province of Manitoba now contains enumerates the following species:  The mink- occurs" in  a  majority  of  districts     wherein     waterways     are  abundant;  this usually conceded  that  places    tenanted    by    quantities    of  muskiat   contain   the   mink.     Within  unsettled    localities  the    raccoon  retains its haunts.   A few days ago the  writer observed for  the  firs', lime in  many years a fine specimen of    the  animal in the Pembina Valley.      No  rural  district  is   without   that  depredator of the chicken ioost, the skunk.  An_ animal    for  the    destruction    of  which    many    municipalities    awaid  bounty is the coyote;  the timber, o;  grcal wolf, is practically extinct save  in    unpopulated ','northern?; districts.  The fox, properly speaking the    led  species, is the sole member of    the  canine   family in Manitoba'   pioper;  toward the fastnesses of Hudson Bay  thirteen colors of this animal are understood-   to be obtainable.    A lifetime  may  be"* spent  in   the  province  ' without observance of the otter; this  fur-bearer  is,  however,  a  habitue of  shores    of    the greater    waterways,  Lakes     Winnipeg     and      Manitoba.  Along certain streams, the Souris as  example,   the  beaver,   few   cf   which  remain, constructs    its  home.     This  animal for some years of the future  is  under    stringent  protection,    and  should thus continue. Through heavy  timber of the wildest localities roams  the lynx. ^Tlie wild cat is now principally ���������.confined   to  woods  of  dense  growth.    The marten is likewise    a  stranger to the hauhts of man, in similitude  with   the   wolverine,   known  also as cajago, or Indian devil.    Few  waterways do not contain the musk-  rat;  the fisher's abode is. within the  northlancl, a remark applicable ;o pe-  |-kan and sable,  and in  northern  latitudes  the marten -makes its h-ir. The  cinnamon or brown bear is an occasional  visitant to   agricultural   Manitoba; the late James Cunningham, of  Somerset,'-who as a young man dwelt  uporL.the shores of Hudson Bay, frequently     when  in- conversation   with  the-writer alluded to the .vhite bears  roaming that distant clime.    The ermine     (white  weasel),     badger    aiid  mole arc of commoTf"occurrence.  ���������  J. D. A. Evans.  Arming   of passenger   Vessels  Suggested "as a Remedy  The course of the European war  to date has made it perfectly clear  that the efficiency of the submarine  as a war vessel is one of the greatest  dangers the allied powers have to  face; it has ma'dc it equally "dear that  if the danger is to be averted or-even  lessened,-the Allies .will p.et no help  fiom Jhc United States Government  in the premises. President Wilson  and Secretary Lansing have .apparently settled down into a do-nothing  attitude, for German "submarines, itt  spite of pledges to the contrary, are  sinking vessels without warning, exposing the lives of non-combatants"  by forcing them into row boats on  the open ocean, and. causing the  death of American citizens who happen to be on board the torpedoed  vessels.  There    is good reason    lo bclicv;  that the Germans have made up their  minds to destroy all merchant vessels  wherever and whenever they can find  them,   irrespective  of  nationality,   of  the law of contraband,    of the  conventions of inter national" law, and of  the dictates of humanity.    Their motives in this policy are probably various, but' itmattcrs "little to outsiders,  belligerents" or neutrals wlxat they are  if the determination is settled, "ruthless  and     invincible.     It  is  now the  part  of   the  Allies  and  neutrals     to  settle  for  themselves what  they are  going to do in their own 'defence.    It  would be fatuous to allow matters to  go on as they are now going without  adopting     some  common     policy of  self-defence during the remainder of  the war.    While the final solution of  the submarine problem is for the naval  experts to supply, to  the  ordinary lay. mind it seems worthy of serious  consideration whether  the policy of  effectively arming nil  imoort-  ont passenger vessels, at least, should  not be adopted by the Allies, leaving  neutrals  to  take chances in  the frying-pan  until   they  are  ready  to  ger  cut of it.     Many large  vessels have  guns  at  their sterns,  and   there is  a  general impression that for such vessels   the   submarines   show "���������*���������-, certain  amount     of respect;     probably_ they  would show more if they were similarly equipped al  their bows and on  their sides.    Il is easy for the crcw  of a submarine to tell whether a'mer-.  chant ship is so armed, and whether  increased caution becomes necessary.  The    effect would    probably    be to  make   the  submarines  aim   torpedoes  at  a  greater  distance, and   lo  diminish by so much their chances of making successful hits.���������Toronto Globe,  Training the Boy  Future Results Deperrd Upon Proper  Direction of the Young Mind  of Today ,  Sir Clifford Sifton slated at the  fifth annual meeting of the Commission of .Conservation: "With respect  to the general progress of conservation ideas, it must be remembered  that, .in the last resort, the highest  degree of conservation depends upon  the efficiency of the human unit."  Many influences, are operating -to  increase the efficiency of our-people,  and especially is this the case with  that human unit���������the boy."        :  To the boy of today wc must look  for future results. When called upon  to undertake the burdens of civic and  business life, the effects of his training as a boy will'be apparent in his  character and habits, his initiative  and action. Canada's ., future greatness depends upon the "proper direction of the young mind of today, r.nd  upon her leading men of today.rests  the 'responsibility of providing for  this training. ' ���������   J  Many voluntary organisations arc  devoting carnesL attention to bev  training. The Boy Scouts' Association is one of these. Youn^ as this  movement is in years', many rising  young men of" today show "in" their  characters and habits'thc influence of  their-Boy Scout training. This movement, however, as well as similar  ones, is hampered by the dearth of  suitable leaders, many-of whom" have  been claimed by-the war. -An English  paper recently stated:  "On the shoulders of the Scoutmasters a great responsibility rests,  for it is to them that is'committed  the important task of moulding the  characters of* the lads "and teaching  them those habits of thought and  action that fit them for the" cccupa-  tion of a belter "and more responsible  sphere of life. 'Scoutmasters,' 'said  Chief Scout Sii Robert Badch-Powcll  recently, 'arc the backbone of the  movement,-and the rinding'of suitable  rrcn_is our'greatest difficulty.'"  ��������� Canada will'require of her future  leaders" a.higli degree of efficiency,  and that this may be- accomplished  it is essential that- the men of today  become interested in boy work, and  assume their responsibility as Canadians to the rising generation. -  Amundsen Plans Airplane  Flight To the North Pole  Marketing Potatoes  Immortal Page in the  Annals of British Valor  Great-Britain's War  Programme Arranged  The London Weekly .Dispatch says  Premier Lloyd George's Avar programme comprises the following: .  1. Arming of merchantment to  fight submarine peril.  2. Preparation of the spring offensive.  3. Mobilization of the.civil population between the ages of 16 and 60.  4. Making the blockade  effective.  i   5. Rationing  of the  population  by  the issue of food tickets.  6. Increasing home food production.  7. Banning work immaterial to the  war.  8. Enforcing the ^prohibition of  luxuries.  9. Meatless days.  Poor Suitor: I'm a ruined man if  you refuse your consent.  Old Richleigh: What do you mean,  sir? ��������� .-,''���������-,  Poor Suitor: Your daughter says  ���������die will marry me, anyway.  Sir  Thos.  White  Says Efficiency- of  Dominion Troops One of the  Surprises of the War  Sir Thomas "White, minister of finance, says he was surprised to find  the extraordinarily .favorable impression which has been crcited in official and business circles in London  I by -the strength,and stability of Canadian finance a's- revealed by the Dominion's successful " loan operations  and the establishment of credits for  the Imperial government towards  meeting its commitments for muni-  lions and supplies purchased in Can  ada. The greatest appreciation is  also expressed of the great and grow-  in-.; part which is being played by-  Canadian industrial establishments  in furnishing shells, explosives and  other munitions so \itally necessary  to success in the" operations of tins  war.  As for the Canadian fon.es, 'ht-c  is nothing but admiration. Jt is  recognized that" they are fighting far  from home. Everywhere the Canadian soldiers speaks of the grcar  kindness which he received at t'n  hjnds of the British peonlc, especially is this, the case "with our  wounded in hospitals. and convalescent officers an'd men.  .Undoubtedly one of. the greatest  surprises of the, war. to. the British  people has been'the'-spirit,."efficiency  and scale of the participation by the  overseas dominions generally in the  great struggle. . The: fighting men of  Canada, Australia, New Zealand and  South Africa have written an immortal page -in tlie annals of British  valor. --  Britain's Burden  Dingy British tramps arc winning  this world war,, travelling, if needs  be, more than half-way round the  world to keep the men and guns of  the encircling armies well supplied.  Before the war, Britain and Germany  shared the world's carrying trailed  Today the German merchant flag is  unknown upon the ocean. highways  of the world. Thus the brunt of the  t burden of Europe's essential trade, in  r-addition to the .'strain of w'-tr transport, has been thrust upon-our vessels. There was enough trade to  keep them busy before the War. How-  much more must there be now, with  the chief competitor eliminated, war.  supplies to handle, and the German  submarines taking their daily oil cf  available' vessels?���������Ottawa Journal.  Descended From the Crusaders  The Touaregs, a Sahara desert  tribe, whose members wear' veils so  continually that near relatives are  said not to recognize each other if  the garment in question happens to  be removed, are direct descendants of  a party of crusaders who were lost  on the way to conquer Jerusalem and  Mecca,  Late Blight Ts Frequently Found in  Potatoes Sold to * Consumers  "From the consumers' side the  question of marketing potatoes is of  the greatest importance, "especially  so in recent, years when the "prices  for this commodity arc advancing  daily. The " officers of the Experimental Farms recently had an opportunity of inspecting quantities of potatoes in the consumers' ovni cellars.  The potatoes had been purchased in  the ordinary way from small dealer'.,  In three cases the amount of rot  came up to 75 per cent, of the total  quantity in storage. This rot was the  common late blight rot, and was certainly present when the" potatoes  were,dug, and before shipping.  The consumer is helpless in such  cases, and rarely is there a way open  to him for compensation. Nor is the  small dealer to blame. .The blame  rests entirely with the shipper and  the grower. In order that such losses  may be avoided and the consumer be  in a position to secure for his good  money, good potatoes that-will keep  ^ovcr winter, it is necessary .for the  "growers, on their part, to exercise  more care in digging, sorting and  handling potatoes. -Xate blight is a  preventable, disease; every ^.farmer  should know thisjfacl, since the Experimental Farms system has made  evciy effort to demonstrate on many  farms in the country the effect of  spraying, with results snowing the  production of sound crops, and an increase in yield amounting to some 00  to 100 bushels per acre.  ... The sale of inferior potatoes is dishonest, if not illegal .at the present  momen t. Farmers. know from their  own experience that storages rots  cause great losses in their, own cellars. It seems, however, the general  practice to dispose of an infected  crop immediately and shift the losses  from rot from the farmer to the consumer. The latter, however, has lb  pay the price of good potatoes.  In some instances,,- no doubt, the  consumer is to blanre by storing potatoes .(or other .winter vegetables)"  in too warm cellars. Potatoes and  similar vegetables must be stored in  a cool place.-They, cannot stand  frost, which causes a sweetish taste  in potatoes; but the temperature  should never rise above 40 degrees  fahr. Where such conditions are nonexistent it is better not to lay in a  winter's supply, as losses are sure to  result.  Farmers are cautioned that the attitude of consumers will eventually  result in demanding grading of potatoes just like apples; and the fanner  who docs not control diseases in the  field will have all rotten or diseased  potatoes thrown on his hands. Diseased potatoes, when boiled, still  make good stock.food, it should be  remembered. A letter or postalcard  addressed to the Publications -.ranch  of the Department of Agriculture  will bring by return mailvall the required information relating to the  growing of crops of potatoes free  from disease.  '."I hear young. Jones'"'who started  out to be a hero, has been writing  to his home folks that he is doing  service in the trenches."  "If he is, I bet it is with a pick,"���������  Birmingham Age-Herald.  Discoverer   of   South   Pivot   Would  Crown Career by Daring  Feat  -'  Discoverer of the South Pole, first  to sail through Ihe ice-locked labyrinth of the northwest passage, thac  dream of early , navigators. Captain  Roald Amundsen has an ambition to  crown his career by an airplane flight  to the' North Pole. - -  - Captain Amundsen plans to sail  from Norway in-June,"'1918. ' He,will  skirt ��������� the Arctic coast of Sweden,  Russia and Siberia, as far as the delta  of jthe Lena river.'At a point northwest of the.New Siberian Jslands,. he.  will head'into the"icepack.", -With his  ship - frozen fast in the ice-he ��������� will  drift across the polar basin and .come-  out in the Atlantic_oc.can on.the.cast  coast of Greenland:" ;- ^'\--..  - The,point at whicll^- he..".hopes -i.'o  drive his ship into'-thc-moving contin--  ent of polar icc.wilb.be where*" the  Jeanette was wrecked, and.   Captain-  DeLong's tragic expedition- -of .188L.  and several hundred miles to the cast,  of where    Nansen  ��������� began ' his- polar  drift in the ,Fram ** iii" 189.3/ ihe'.first-,  attempt of the kind ever made. --  The -ship on whichv ,Capliiii"Anr-"  undsen will sail 'will he' hunched at <���������  Christiania in'March.   ' Its' keel. \was  laid last June!   It will bc^of 800 -tons,  a three-masted .schooner,    equipped  with" an auxiliary oil motor    of' 240  horse power.   It will carry a crew, of  10 men, two of whom" will be Araeri- '  cans, the rest Norwegians. Two were  with Captain Amundsen in the north^  west'passage and at the South Pole.  They arc Helmer Hansen and Adolf  Lindstrom, the-captain's old cook.  - "By heading'rinto the    ice    several  hundred'miles east of where Nansen.  began  his  drift,", said  Captain Amundsen at the Chicago    club, "I* be-^  lievc Twill-have    a stronger north-'  ward currcnt"ancl will be" carried" close  lo the Pole.   'jNansen* went into'thc "  pack loo far west.    He drifted1 tp .85 *  degrees and  then made    his famous  dash to S8 degrees, 14-minutes, which  was_ the    highest *-"north - then.'- He .-  floated-clear^ of the ice in. the North'  Atlantic,  between   Spitzenbergcn  and -  Greenland.    By" .starting    my    drift  farther east and at about 72 degrees '  south latitude/'!,believe,! will rcach-  88 degrees at least, and possibly 89  If I achieve    the former latitude,  I  will be-within 120 miles of tlie Pole.  ."I-expcct lo reach 88 degrees after  a drift of a *ycar.and-a.half or two  years. In .. lha,t " time I will have  drifted half, across the Polar ,'pack,  which" is 1,800 to-2,000 miles wide.  From-^my highest point north, I will  set sail in my airplane for the Pole.  I should make the air voyage from  the ship to the-Pole-in an hour or  so. The flight would be irnpossibls  in the darkness of the Arctic winter.  I should like to make It around June '  21, when the sun is farthest north  and the'"Polar' region is bathed -in  constant day. I hope to lemain 24  hours at the Pole. Only myself and  my aviator, who will 'be an American,-will make the. flight to the Pole.  "I    expect     my'   drifting -  voyagi  across    the Polar    basin to    occupy  three years.   I will take along a -.borough scientific equipment.    I expect  to" bring back much valuable data rc-_  garding    prevailing  winds, , air  currents, air temperatures, sea currents, -  sea   temperatures,' salinity   of  Arctic  water and so on. I will make s'requent .  airplane flights. Rising to a height of  2,000 or 3,000 feet, I .shall be," able to  survey thcregion within  a radius of  100 miles or "more.  "I expect- to see CrockerJ.ind,  which Peary ^discovered far to tire  west-of his "inarch to the Pole," and  which Donald MacMillari"" failed' to  find. Despite .MacMillan's failure, i  believe the'land is there. Peary, I  think saw a' mirage of it.' It probably lies farther to' the we-"? than  Peary thought.  "The driftof the Polar pack is less  than two miles a day. Relics from  the Jeanette, positively. identified,  were washed ashore orr the*" south 7  coast of Greenland three years after  the wreck of De Long's vessel." 7.  ���������'" Captain Amundsen's hew ship, he  says, will cost .$100,000. It will be cf  stout oak timbers/with sides three  feet thick and h eavicr aboti t. bow-������  and stern. '_. At the mouth of the" Yenisei river in Siberia he 3vill take on .  25 dogs, .a new supply of oil, fresh  meat, eggs, butter and.potatoes from  the farm lands about Kransnorjofsk.  His vessel and liis sledges will be'���������  equipped with wireless telegraphy,  so exploring parties may keep in  touch with the ship-. The Aero Chit;  of America, will supply the airplane  and the aviator..  "Do you expect to-find memorials  of-the Peary expedition at the Pole?'.'  Captain Amundsen was asked.  "No," he said...    "Peary's  record/  were cached on ice,  and  they  have  drifted far away since Peary stood at  the fop of the world on April 6, .1909."  "Do you believe Dr. Cook reached  the Pole?" ���������;,  "Certainly not. No one nowadays  takes Dr. Cook seriously."  Captain Aniundscnwon fame by  sailing through the Northwest- passage on the Gjoa, a sloop of 47 tons;-  with a crew of seven-men in 1903-06.  He discovered^jthc. South Pole Dec.  14, 1911, after a thrilling race against  Captain "Robert Scott. The gallant  Englishman arrived at the Pole Jan.  17, 1912, found Amundsens victorious flag planted, there, and, heartbroken, turned back for .the sea.  With his provisions exhausted, he  perished, in a blizzard only a few  days' journey from his ship.  I  11  f  ���������  n  li  i:  j    All roads that lead to Easy street  ' need paying. THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,       B.'  .C.  ^.rBoy Scout Notes  'The   Duke" of   Devonshire   Becomes  the Chief Scout for Canada  To His Excellency's many ' titles  mav now be added thai of_ Chief  Sco'ut for Canada. The Duke- of  Dconshhe accepted.this office on  Sail: 1 day; November "25th, 1916, in  succession -to His Royal Highness  _lhc Duke of Connaught, thus becoming Canada's third Chief Scout.  The    Duke -of Devonshire   is    no  strangct   to  the principles and ideals  of the Boy Scout-movement, as prior  to,his coming to  Cana'da to .occupy  the Vice-Regal office he was associat-  ' ed^with  many other prominent men  '<   opposition <iiv Great Britain witlt the  Boy Scouts' Association, his interest  ''being particularly evinced in  county  <   -matters  in Derbyshire.     His   Excellency'was-the President of the Association in Derbyshire,-wJiicli" includes  ihe ' local asiociations   of    Alfreton,  (JAshbourne,        Bakewell, Buxton,  Chapcl-cn-lc-Frith, Chesterfield, Dttf-  /ield, Derby,  Ilkeston, Glossop, Mat-  .   lock'and Halhcrsage.  * .  .'His'"Excellency the. Chief Seoul,, in  ���������* accepting    o'ffice with    the  Canadian  "General"Council of  the  Boy  Scouts'  ' 'Association', expressed,to the".gcntle-  "inen l'eprcscnting the Scouts in Can-  <>da his  desire .to help this  "splendid  ''"boys'   'movement- along,    and Canadian' Boy  Scouts will  no  doirbt 'have  opportunities in" the future of meeting." His  Excellency-as they  did his  .* Koyal predecessor., -   -/  '' /"It is most gratifying to be able to  import that despite.the difficulties of  -   the 'dayv difficulties "which are patent  '"to, all, our Association is'in "a position  - to maintain its members and to make  'many .important strides." - ���������  '  Y The'-forcgoing is. from .the 5th ari-  ,-nual report of the "Quebec Provincial  .Council of the,Boy Scouts' Association';-by. the Provincial Secretary, H:  <-\ -A. .Lordy.    The    report shows .'that  ,, while there are" less Scoutmasters in  -,   the ^province" this year than last there  *   "are.mrorc Scouts.    It is to the credit  slpCthe~" Scoutmasters .that    many of  ' "'themjiave risen to  the occasion by  '^taking charge of two or more "troops.  ,/du-1915-there were 1,872-Scouts aiid  "'" 138 Scoutmasters -iii the province" as  . "-compared with 1,891  Scouts :.nd 113  ; ."'Scoutmasters this^year.   Of the 1,891  ,j  .'Scout's'   mentioned, 1",167    are'in the  "'"Montreal  district and  the remaining  - 724 are scattered throughout, the province.    There    are sixty-nine    active  .'troops     in the province,     being the  same number as reported last year.  The Quebec"organization has.sup-  ' plied "from s"ix to seven hundred recruits for His Majesty's forces, comprising every rank from a private to  a major-general;    the latter,    Major-  " General    R.    E.    W.    Turner,  V.C.;  '- D.'SrO.; who prior" to the outbreak of  " ihe war was one of the leaders of the  .movement in the province, has "lately  been" appointed .officer " commanding  ' all the Canadian troops in England.  With "reference to recruiting, 1 he'Secretary writes: "A lieutenant connected with one' of the overseas1 battalions -recruiting in Montreal at the  present time'callcd at the headquarters office and asked if-we might put  hiru-in touch with any qualified signallers who might desire to go overseas. Upon going through, the card  index fyles of ex-Scouts who had  held  our signaller's-badge, we  were  'surprised to discover that only four  were not overseas. Of these, two  were .physically unfit; while learning  the reason-which held tire other two  from volunteering, the lieutenant in  question considered the. reason so  .valid that he positively refused to approach them. It has been recently  reported that one of these signallers,  received-the Military Medal for conspicuous bravery.  During the year, 1,231 proficiency  badges were granted; 276 Scouts re-  ��������� ,ccived Firemen's badges, 179 the  Missioner badge, 130 the Ambulance  badge, 115 the Handyman's badge,  and 127 the Laundryman's badge, etc.  Most people have hobbies, some  several, others only one. Practically  every Boy" Scout has one or more. A  (lobby which gives the boy plenty of  - fun-and sometimes keeps him in pocket .money is toy-making, which has  - become the hobby, of many Scouts in  different parts of the world. Th'ey  make toy animals principally, and it  '.-��������� is a very simple process. Tlre'body,  legs and sometimes the neck, of the.  animal should be fretworked in cigar-  box wood, and fitted together with  small screws or rivets. Then they  arc painted. A tiger, for instance,  will be black stripes on n yellow  ground.    So it is painted-yellow all  ' 'over to start with, and when that  coat is dry the stripes arc painted on.  Toys of.this soft always have a very  ���������ready sale at a sale.of work or any  Scout exhibition.       .  Brave Seamen Save Vessel  ���������An Adventurous Voyage Across   the  . Atlantic  One of "the most cxtraordinary  voyages ever made across the Atlantic' has. just bcen^. completed' by the  Vigilant, a little American tug, bound  from St. John's, Newfoundland, to  Cardiff, in Wales. Two days out  from St. John's the vigilant experienced terrific .weather, 'ind on the  fifth 'day she sent out S.O.S.' calls,  the captain fearing she would, founder. -     ���������- . -  ThcHolland-Auierika liner Ryn-  land picked up the signals, and proceeded to her assistance. The captain  and 12,of the tug's crew were takei-  off, but' three of the crew refused to  leave. They were- the-sccond mate,  Robert Ferguson" a. Scot; the third  engineer, Thomas-Walsh, ah Irishman; and- an, American fireman  named .John "Smith. 7''  Taking control of" the ship; these  three men overcame tremendous difficulties, r and actually succeeded. in \  bringirig'her "within sight of thc'lrish  coast, where they were-picked-tip by  a British "patrol, vessel. ' Ferguson  was locked in the whecltiousc and the  other two, in the engine-room.. /The  terrible"'���������,weather, prevented them  moving,, and'they remained at -their  posts for'50 hours without food, water or sleep. i\        *   7 -  -Several -parts , of * lire ship were  smashed,-including"the shaft of .the  dynamo in the engine-room. This  caused the tug to be in'total-darkness  by night, and added to the horrors  of the situation.  Alberta the- Bright Spot  Big   Crop   This   Year Gives -Sunny  Province a Boost  i t    * J"  Below is reproduced" in part' an advertisement that is'being gotten out  by the Alberta .Provincial Government:  - . - *   ���������  Alberta is the,bright'spot on ���������"he  crop map of Canada this year.  Alberta has safely harvested a_jjici>  of more than normal size. From  such ��������� returns as have-been-received  we estimate ,th,c. average yield "at 28  bushels per acre for wheat, 45 bushels for oats^and 30 bushels f*r barley.-  _    ,     -  Considering present prices , for  grain and livestock, Alberta seem-; in  a fair way to" surpass last year's total  agricultural production-in point of  value, and provide "a greater :1c1" return per capita for the fOnnJr than  from any other state or pro/ince to  date.  Travellers through Alberta's wheat  belt have had revealed to them  scenes of agricultural "productiveness  unapproached in any other part of  the world.       ���������" ,J "     "  Alberta faims, selected with even  moderate discretion, have raised men  to independence and affluence with  records of wonderful - development  unsurpassed amongst the phenomenal industrial''success 'of which Canada well may boast:  Many almost incredible yields  have -been reported by reli >b!e authorities, wheat exceeding 70'bushels  per acre and oats-145 bushels.  Numerous    records show" that the  cost of farms has been more than repaid by this j'ear's wheat c;op.    In  one__ instance,    land    purchased  $3,200    produced wheat    which  sold for a little over $10,000.  for  was  British Ships of._  Commerce Lost in War  Object Lessonsin Field        J  Crops Are Being Given  Dominion   Department   at   Work   in  ' Saskatchewan and Other  Provinces  The department of* agrictiltute of  the Dominion' is carrying on illustration work in crop production and  cultural methods with farmers in the  provinces of Quebec, Alberta aud  Saskatchewan.  Farmers owning or operating" land  favorably situated ! for the carrying  on of such work co-operate with the  department.  The farmer puts under -he diiec-  tion of an officer of the Dominion  experimental" farms system a part of  his farm having a good wide frontage  on-a well-travelled highway, each  field having the same,frontage along  the same highway,* so that the crops  arid cultivation are- unavoidably in  evidence to the casual traveller and  easily inspected by the interested  visitor.  , The department, for the first year  at' least, furnishes the seed necessary  to sow siich.of the fields as il is decided to put under'crop that year.  In subsequent years the farmer saves  .enough.of the best of the crop grown  on these fields to .* do the necessary  seeding.'This, of course, provided the  grain produced'isr satisfactory as 10  purity "and germinativc power.  All cultural 'and "harvesting operations in connection with these fields,  i.e., the plowing,-harrowing, etc., of  the ficlds-and the sowing, harvesting  and threshing of the grain therefrom,  arc-done by-the farmer. All work indicated above is done in exactly such  ways and at exactly such limes ss  directed -by the illustration station  division_of the.D.ominion experimental farms system. *~The farmer keeps  a record of the amount of time" taken  to perform the- different operations  on-each field, and threshes rhe grain  harvested separately so that it will be'  known how' much is-harvested from  each fiejd. '        <���������    -  The records just mentioned of the  work and crops resulting, togethcr  with brief notes made each-Week, are  duly.entered on blank forms provided  for 'that purpose. The work of making such notes and entering up the  work done on each field does not entail more than onc**-hour's work each  month. Each week the farmer mails  to the central experimental farm,  Ottawa, a form filled out with, "ull  particulars as to the-work done, general weather--* conditions and ciop_  progress on the-different "fields. 'The  farmer permits-to be placed in front  of. each field a sign stating briefly the  method of preparing the land for the  crop growing thereon, or the treatment given the plot that year.  On all these farms; whether located in the province" of Quebec, or in  Saskatchewan or Alberta, systematic  rotations of crops suitable to the district served as well as the best cultural methods and most suitable varieties of crops are being demonstrated. .      ���������  Peronne Battleground     [The Zeppelin a Failure  As Weapon of Offence  History Tells of Stirring Scenes Enacted in Olden "Days  The western ground whe:con the  great war1 is being decided is one ot  the famous battlefields'of French history. It was-called of old-Satrtcrrc,  the "bloody ground," buL uc\er was  its name so true as today. In Pei-  onnc, two French kings lia,c stiffei-  cd imprisonment���������Charles Uie Simple for six years in-the teruli icnluiy  and Louis XI for three days in tin.  fifteenth century.  , The' latter incidcnflias moie lo do  with today's events than jl may seem  to have, for King Louis was on a  friendly visit to Charles the Bold of  Burgundy "at Peronne wlicn he ,\as  imprisoned by his host on the charge  of having stirred up the burghers 01  Liege to revolt, and he was not released until he*had signed the treaty  of . Peronne, w.hich freed Flanders  from France and so laid the foundci;  tion for independent  Belgium,  No hitman being dared lemind  King Louis""of this humiliating experience, but strange to say, the magpies took to singing "Peronne, Peronne" wherever he went until he recovered the town. To do this he was  obliged to bribe the British to withdraw the Duke of Burgundy. A payment of 75,000 crowns to Edward IV.  and proportionate sums to his ministers won them over, and a match-was  arranged between Charles the dauphin and Edward's daughter.  Neither king would trust the othci  ���������and with good reason���������so the parents of the happy pair met on a  bridge across the Sommc, with a  strong- wooden grill -^.between them,  through which they ventured 'to  shake hands.   ,  Russia Prospers  While   Country" Is In War   Throes  Everyone Has'More Money  ��������� The prosperity of our (Russian")  rural population in times of a world  war is a remarkable, astounding  paiadox, writes Prince Troubetzkoy.  About two years ago such a thing  would have'-been impossible, but now  it is a fact on which all observers  of our rural life agree. The farmers,  landowners and all others who reside  in tile country or come in close con-  Total   Tonnage   Destroyed   by   Sub-(tact with its life concur in the opiu-  marines Was 984,739 and    -.  Vessels, 510       ' \~  German    submarine activities  dur  ing the year ending June 30 last have wives of the  reservists receive sufli-  To the great relief of tire neigh-j  ,bprs, the'.-, snobbish and unpopular  Jones' family Were moving. While  "the furniture was being brought out  some difficulty was experienced irr re-  .moving a pianoforte from' an' upper  room, and someone proposed getting it through a large window and  sliding'it down. . Then; came a suggestion from the Jones' next-door  neighbor, "who had long fostered the  deepest enmity toward them, though  until now she had attempted to conceal it. "No," she said, acidly, all her  pent-up bitterness at last showing itself in her tone,; "let it come out as  it went in���������on the installment .system!"���������Christian Register,  resulted .in a decrease in the world's  merchant service of 510 vessels of a  total"tonnage of 984,739 tons. Such  is the information contained in a report to the trade and commerce department by Trade Commissioner  Harrison Watson, of London. At  the close of the year"merchant vessels classed at Lloyd's were 10,032,  registering 23,190,138 tons in comparison with 10,542 vessels of 24,1774,877  tons on the.same date of the previous  year. Foreign shipping has "sustained  greater damage than British.  "-Every effort is being made 'to".expedite ship construction and there is  now-being built under the inspection  of Lloyd's registrar of shipping a  larger amount of shipping than ever  before, 620 vessels of 2,282,198 tons.  The past year has witnessed the revival of wrood shipbuilding in the  United States and Canada, brought  about by7the abnormal demand for  steel. . The majority of these, vessels  arc sailing vessels with; auxiliary  power.  ron that our village is prospering  now *as never" before, for three reasons: First, because of the prohibition of alcohol; second, because the  Lt is officially stated that 'here arc  200,000 women working-in munitions  -factories in France.  David and Solomon.  The contributions of the people in  the time of David for the sanctuary  exceeded $30,800,000. . The immense  treasure David is said to have collected for the sanctuary amounted ��������� to  about $4,445,000,000.  The gold with which Solomon  overlaid the "most holy place," a  room only thirteen feet square, amounted to $190,000,000.  The Usual Ending  "This is a rather affecting poem."  . tit ������ r������ ��������� ��������� . * .  ������M������  "What is it"about?"  "An automobile racer is bidding  farewell to his car."  "And the circumstances?"  "He's going to the hospital and the  car to the scrap heap."���������Birmingham  Age-Herald.  cicnt support from the government;  third, because the peasantry is earning^ high wages.  The most eloquent proof of the  prosperity of our villages is tlie added billion rubies (since Prince Troubetzkoy wrote the article another billion has been added) in our savings  banks since the beginning of the wai.  The ban on alcohol amply accounts  for this billion. But the'- monetary  billion should be multiplied several  times in order to get. the nation's  prosperity, for prohibition has raised  the productivity of the country many  times.'   ''.;���������������������������  Wc arc observing a phenomenon  unique in the history of the world.  In war times, it has been an axiom,  the productivity of a nation is diminished. All enterprises by a government at war are intended for destructive, aiid not constructive, purposes.  In' Russia you find the reverse���������you  witness a colossal increase in thesitation's power of productivity.  "In spite of the habit of the Russian  peasant always to complain, I was  told that there was no acute need  now���������that the wives of the soldiers  need nothing, and the more children  they have the better off they are, as  tliey get larger allowances, which  cannot be spent on alcohol. In some  cases I heard of paupers and down-  and-outs who became prosperous.  Not long ago an ex-drunkard was  pointed out to me with this remark:  "You see his boots? Well, it is the  first time in his life that he has been  shod."  Real Need of   -  Largest University  Large    Buildings    Without    Proper  Ideals, Prove to Be Anything   ,  But Great  We hear a great deal about money,  new buildings, worldly success. It  is announced that the new enrolment  makes Columbia the largest institu-  tution of its kind in the -world. But  size is not greatness. The University  of F������.rib has been outstripped. Is Columbia fostering such ideals, providing such discipline as would help  America to behave as France has  done al the Marnc, at  Verdun?  Columbia has" many excellent in'  structors on her faculty'. Bit* whenever an issue has arisen between  ideals and a "practical" view of life  and culture the champions of the  ideals have dropped out.  ' Before they ask for more money is  it not high time that President Butler and his associates give son.i. evidence of power and will to rise to the  levels of. spiritual greatness. Increase  of machinery without elevation of a  man is a danger beside wliich a  Krupp factory is a mere producer of  toy guns.���������New York Evening Sun.  The Blackest Tragedy  s. ��������������������������� ���������   "  Great  Britain  Saddled   With 'Liquor  Interests When Whole Resources  Should Be Used for .War  The following extracts are from-a  startling editorial in the Globe of  October 16th:  "Here is how a Canadian puts it  to the Globe in a letter of Saturday  ���������a Canadian whose* personal character and official standing give authority to his words and whose patriotism is in what he does and suffers:  "Canada for efficiency in war casts  out the drink evil. Is it too much to  ask Britain in faiiness to do the  same? Is it not a mockery for the  British Isles to face our common  struggle with" this'palsy in her frame?  And yet she clings to this social vice  of drink after her allies andjier Dominions have renounced it.  "Here is the bitter pill, the embittering thought for many a Canadian  parent. Let me be a" type. Three of  my sons are in khaki, two at the  front and one on the way. 1 am  proud to be their father; I gave them  a father's blessing when they.enlist-  ed, but this .thought strains most of  alb the tics of my loyalty tothc  cause: to sec my sons fight and fall  for a Britain that at horn; is half  drunken, saddled by" distillery'interest*.*, guided by a lot of tippling ecclesiastics, not loyal enough to follow  the King's example and misguided by  a press silent as the grave on this  entrenched evil. Why should cur  sons go front a country from which  booze, is banished, to spend month.?  on the way to the trenches, in England where the vices of ihe liquor  traffic are legalized to hamstring h--ri  own sons? i  "If the Globe can touch the cousci-  British Engineers Could Easily Pro-  duce    Something    Much  Superior  .The   London  correspondent   A  th<*>  New York Sun \uiics:  One thing is certain, British experts on aiicraft ,11 e convinced that  the Zeppelin is a dismal f.tiluic as an  instrument of offence. From in economic point of \irw, they point ou1,  there is nothing to be said for it. The  loss of four machines and .then  crews, the cost of building and maintaining the monsters and .hc^vasto  of fighting material arc items 'which  cannot possibly be considered as  offset by the damage done in this  country.  Further, the British have lqjt  much respect for German engineering. C. G. Grey, editor of the Aeroplane, and one of.those best-qualified -  to speak on the subject, declares that  if England decided seriously to take  up_ the construction of such craft the  British ., engineers could produce  something far superior to the Zeppelins.  "The Zeppelin is a hollow" fraud,"  he said. "And just because.it is too  solid. Of course one cannot state  where the defects lie.because it might  be the means of presenting useful  information to the enemy, the Hun  being, unlike our own official geniuses, the kind of person who welcomes adverse criticism and profils  thereby.  "There isn't the slightest doubt  that our aircraft designers could  build exactly as efficient a machine  but which would be lighter than t' c  standard Zeppelin by .tons. Taking  it all round, the Zeppelin is modce-  atelf designed, as a whole, fcarsornc-  ly clumsy in its detail design and  most abominably made, if we cannot beat it in every way,then heaven  help our engineers ��������� always assuming, of course, that our ships are  built by real .engineers a .id rot by  enthusiastic -amateurs.  "We have the opportunity of a  century if wc .desiic to take advaii-"  tagc of.it, for.we have most of Germany's ^experience " si'our disposal  and all wc have to do is to improve  on her product, which is as easy ds  falling off a log." .   -  For many weeks the captured Zeppelin has been the subject of detailed  study by the British, and of cotuse  they have found some things in the  greal craft to admhe. Tho. pcfiol  tanks arc carried inside th:"huU of  the ship, where they are a way from  the 'motors, a fact which is of intense interest to British pilots, who  know that the best place to aim at is  the hull of the ship, just above the  gondolas.  One comment made by an authority was this: "It Is when one pictures  to himself that lonely little man in '  his aeroplane, sitting up there all by  himself in the blackness of the night,  with nothing to do but watch, that  cne begins lo realize the nerve required of a Zeppelin crew. When one  thinks of even the other men who  have each other's company to keep  their hearts up, cruising about over  more or less accurate gunfire and"  vigorously sought for by aeroplanes  of superior speed, knowing that they  are supported only by those hundreds of thousands of feet of inflammable gas, respect for their bravery  rises considerably'."  After all the study devoted to these  engines of war il is safe "to conclude  that in the minds of the British experts the Zeppelin 1 is an absolute  fartxirc. The only use which would  seem to pay in any measure for the  enormous expense of their construction arid upkeep is that of ?iaval patrolling, and that point always has  been conceded.  ences of our kindred in Britain, or if) hospital.  Austrian Women Soldiers  5,000    Females   Said   to    Be in    the  Firing Line  Women arc now being sent light  into the firing line by the Austrians.  At least that is what an Austrian  prisoner, captured during itily's advance in the Carso, says, according  to reports in possession of the military at Rome.        ���������  He declares that his own wife was  shot while digging trenches, on the  Galiciau front. Old inen and woiiun,  he said, arc sent into front line trenches to do tasks that are not considered too hard for them, such as  trench, digging, food distribution,  cleaning firearms, picking up ��������� the  empty shells, and all*the things- thai  are left on a battlefield, including the  uniforms of dead soldiers, none of  which arc wasted. The dead ineii  are stripped by these women and oh)  men and buried absolutely nude.  Their clothes are sent to tlic base,  disinfected, mended tip and used for  fresh  troops  or those coming out  01  Wifely Solicitude  Husband: I'm certain the rest will  do me good, if only the bottom  doesn't drop out of the stock market  while I'm away.  Wife: You surely didn't forget to  turn off your ticker, I hope!���������Puck.  in a discussion it can justify Britain's  attitude and show that my scruples  are uncalled for 1 shall'be much relieved."      .      -  To ' which >thc Globe rcpiics:  "There can bo no such relief. It is  the blackest tragedy of the whole  war that in fighting for freedom in  Europe the free sons of the British  breed have to face this war time record of waste at home with its inevitable toll of debauchery and crime."  I shall ; reserve the remainder of  this strong and startling editorial for  another letter.���������H. Arnott, M.B.,  M.C.P.S.  Marriage may be a lottery, but a  whole lot of people seem" to be satisfied with  less than capital prizes.  The prisoner affirms that over 5,-  000 women are now mobilized in the  Austrian firing line. They arc dressed in male attire. Many have already been killed in battle.  -Careful inspection and prompt repair of defective flues, and asbestos  or metal protection for all woodwork  near stoves and pipes would materially reduce the number of fires in  Canadian homes.   .  "You must remember, my boy,  that wealth docs ' not bring happi;  ncss."  "I don't expect it to. I merely  want it so that I may be able to  choose the kind of misery, that <*���������  most agreeable fo me.'1 w|������y*������CTwi***^^  TB.F.      GAZETTE.     HEDLEY.     B.     0*  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  Room  ^  Nineteen  FLORENCE WARDEN  WARD, LOCK &CO.. j^MITEO  l.oncIoK, Meft-jur*-. aid TtNnro  /  {Continued.)  CHAPTER XIII.  The cry uttered by Mabin was no,t  loud, indeed, il was hardly more than  a stilled moan of alarm.  But it reached the ears.of Captain  Dalmaine, Who was smoking in the  hall; aud, lifting the heavy curtain  which hung before the entrance to  the passage, he looked through, and  saw the girl crouching against the  wall, sraiing at the glass panel of the  door.  He was curious, interested; stand-!  Ing behind her, he could not at first  tee more than her back, ft was not  until he had crept along the passage  and come close to her that he perceived that she was looking intently  at the door" at-the extreme end, looking at it with every sign of having  received a great shock.  "What's the matter. Miss Wrest?  Has anybody frightened you?" he  said, and as he spoke he took her by  the arm, at the same time turning  his head towards the door, and staring intently at the glass, througlr,  which, however, he could see nothing.  Mabin was disconcerted. She  wanted time to think, she wanted to  recover her self-possession, to go  forward, to look out, she wanted lo  do anything but remain talking lo  Captain Dalmainc, who was always  trying to make occasions for speech  with her, wliich she was as constantly trying to avoid.  In" the meantime she wrenched her  arm away from his presumptuous  hand and made a weak attempt to account for the attitude in which he  had' found her, an attitude, 51s she  "knew, which betrayed her to"*'be under the influence of some, strong  emotion.  "Frightened!     No,  oh,  no.".'   What  -made you think so?" she stammered,  with   a   feeble   attempt   lb   look   surprised at his question.  j what was tin"* mallei? \\ you only  knew it, there's nobody here, nobody,  who takes so much interest in yoti-as  l.do, or who is so ready'lo do anything lo prove il. Com.;, now,- li-v  me.*'  If she had told the truth, she woidd  have said that the one thing sho  wanted of him .was that he should  take himself off without delay, :>nd  leave her to go out and make investigations for herself. But this, of  course, would never do.  .. "Indeed you're very kind. But I'm  so happy here that there isn't anything to be done that would wake.me  happier." **  He laughed incredulously, with a  sly look.  "Oh, come now, there's no ncc-d to  talk like a copybook to me, vou  know!"   .  "Like a copybook?"  "Yes.    You    can    lay    aside    your  Papa - potatoes-poetry - prunes-prism  manner   with   me,  and  be  natural,   I  assure you."  "Really, I. don't know- what you  mean, Captain Dalmaine." ���������**  "Don't you? Well, of course 1  mustn't say 1 don't believe you; 1 always believe every word uttered by  a pretty girl. But 1 think I've seen  you sometimes look as if you might  be very -much happier than you are.  When Wright speaks ���������lo you, for instance, you curl up like the leaves  of a sensitive plant."  Mabin gazed at him in real alarm.  ' "Do 1 ?" she said quickly.  "And by    the way    in nvhich    you  watch that, brat about, you  seem  lo  be   far    too  anxious    lo   be    wholly-  happy."  She grew nervous on thus learning  that she herself was watched.  "It's a responsibility���������to be a governess," she said hastily.  "Yes.    Especially the governess  of  an  unwanted child!"  "Unwanted.   No, he, he's not that,"  retorted    the girl with    lire.     "Lord  Moorhamplon loves the boy already,  loves    him as    if he    we*-c  his  child."  he affected  to be  hostess  at "once,  glad lo see her.  "Ah! It's lucky you came along,  Edith!" be said, as he advanced to  meet her, leaving Mabin at the door.  "Somebody's been playing some trick  upon Miss Wrest, and I found her in  a state of great alarm. I've been trying "to persuade, her that-there's nothing lo be afraid of. Probably you.  will-succeed better than I've done." "  "What do you mean?", demanded  Lady Moorhampton sharply, tis she  strode lo the end of the passage,  where Mabin, pale and in renewed  alarm, was standing. "What is this  trick?"  '"There's no trick. Captain Dalmaine didn't understand," .laid the  girl quickly. "As I came out of the  library I thought 1 saw .someone  here. But l^was mistaken. That 'was  all." ^      '  (To Be Continued.)  War'a Bravest Hero  ���������own  "Better,  perhaps,"  suggested  o^^civu Dnl-  marnc drily. "And others resent  that. There, . don't look angry. 1  can't help noticing these tilings. Nobody could. All 1 wanted to do w?s  to let you see-that you arc", ar.T.said,  an: object of the -deepest iitlerest 'o  me, and that, therefore, I should be  only .too glad to be of use to you in  any way. In any way, mind." He  advanced his head nearer to hers, and  bending down, tried loi look into her  downcast eyes. "It's not. a - bad  thing, y-ou know, to have a friend you  I can    rely  upon,    in a  houseWher"  And, in spite of herself, she  could! there  are   so many conflicting  inter-  not refrain from casting just one  ���������more glance, anxious, suspicious, full  of expectation and alarm, in he direction of the" door,  "Well, I thought so because I think  I've never seen any hitman being  look so frightened before."* said he,  laughing. "Corne, confess, something  alarmed you. What was it? Did you  see anybody looking.at you through  'that glass door?" .  "No, oh, no, of course vol," snapped Mabin hurriedly.  But her very eagerness was a betrayal. "Captain Dalmaine looked at  her in     silence  for  csts as  there arc in this one."  "Thank you. "Oh, thank you vcry  much,"  said  Mabin  nervously.  There was a great deal too much  truth in what he said for hrs words  to be pleasant to hear, and she glanced to right, and left with uneasiness  which  he  did not fail  to note.  "Look here," he said, "don*! be  afraid of ,me, don't look as if you  thought I- should eat you. It's quite  the other way, indeed."  "The other way! Indeed 1 hope  you don't think I want to c:it vou,"  said    Mabin,    recovering    herself  tier m silence tor a momenl.-arul , little and quite alive to t'iC fact that'  111 en turning quickly away, made for. without making a friend of him she  the .door at a run. | had  better-avoid  having  him  for ���������  enemy.  Dalmaine enjoyed this small joke  hugely. It showed, at least, he  thought, that they were getting near  Mabin drew herself up -fn'd, collect  wig her wits, ran after him. Sho  caught him up before he could turn  ..the handle of the door. At all hazards she felt thai she must prevent  him from opening it. And yet she  scarcely knew what it was that she  -.was"so anxious that he/ should not  find out. She did not even know whether, she herself believed thai", it was  Ciprian Moorhampton whom _he had  seen looking through  the  glass.  And if it. was he, she did not know  why she wished to keep the fact from  Captain Dalmainc. It was insrinct  'rather than reason which filled her  with the sudden determination  keep him, at all hazards", from making  investigations.  "What do you want to open the  door for?" she demanded, a.-ul, suddenly perceiving that it was by stratagem rather than by force that she  might hope to get her own way-, she  er to those terms of easy intimacy  upon which he liked to be with' r-ny  girl as pretty as, Mabin.  "By jovcj ������������������ That's awfully good,"  he sard, as he laughed and tgain tried  to get a glance from her pretty eye's.  But while he was still trying, and  laughing, and betraying his interest  in the lovely girl in every look and  movejnent, there came a' diversion  which was most disastrous for.both i  ,   1 of them. I  ! His laughter reached th������ cars of  someone who was in the hall, and the  next moment the heavy curtain at the  end of the passage was lifted, arid  Lady Moorhampton looked hi.  Nothing could have been more unfortunate.     At  the  other  end   ot  the  A Metis Sharpshooter   ���������  Nephew of Louis' Riel Accounted for  Thirty' Germans Before They  Got Him  "This rifle was used by Sniper No.  1295, Pte. P. Riel (nephew of Louis  Riel ".of the Riel rebellion"), Sth Battalion (90th Rifles) 1st Canadian Division, B. E. F. With it he accounted  for 30 Germans, between March,  1915, and January 15, 1916, when he  was killed bjr a shell at Anton's Farm,  France,  128,  near Messines."  This is the inscription engraved .011  a silver plate on the butt cf a. rifle  .which is on exhibition irr ihe window  of the British Columbia building in  London, England. Capt. Af. 7'V. Fisct,  of the 36th Field Battery, sends this  information: "No onc,''l am sure, in  London," he writes, "understood belter than I all that this inscription  meant. It is too eloquent to need the  addition .of any words. I beg, however, that the press be good enough  to convey to the Riel family- and all  the Metis nation my personal grief  and also my profound admiration foi  this hero of whom the Metis nation  at large must be proud."  Private Louis Phillipe Riel enlisted  with the Little Black Devils, the UOth  Winnipeg Battalion, the second day  ,tlie war .was declared. AVith them he  went over to England, and there having given a demonstration of his ability as a franc-tireur was given carte  blanche as a sniper, and just as soon  as.he entered the trenches with his  unit began his work. In letters s<mt  to'friends here by his trcrv.h chum,  another half-breed, formerly a student at the Qu'Appelle Industrial  School, Riel. is said to have disregarded potting Germans who were in  the trenches. His chief work was to  locate snipers "from the German side  and bring them down.  One "story of his keen sight and  .ability to shoot straight is told when  in late April, 1915, he brought down  two German snipers within Jive minutes at a distance of about seven  hundred yards. There were men aikI  officers falling regularly on ihe Canadian side in a certain section: of th*:  trench. Riel* was watching^riiis spot  where, the shots came from and decided -that snipers were al work.  About seven hundred yards away he  spied the tree and 'watched it for ."*.  minute, then deliberately aiming, fired and brought down the .sniper, who  was in one of the lower branches.  Just as soon as he had scratched  another mark on his trusty rifle, ho  levelled again and from the top of the  tree another enemy- sniper iell to the  ground. The incident'was noticed by  the officers and duly reported in dispatches. That night the officers looked for Riel, but he could not be  found. He had joined a raiding party of the -Munster Fusiliers ;tnd was  out.having-his little time. The following morning _ he reported and  proudly pointed to five additional  marks on his rifle. ��������� -������  Among the Two Hundred Odd Who  Have Won the V.C. Since 1914,   -  Who Was He?  Is our greatest hero the man who  has' "seen red" or the man with the  ice-cool -brain?���������or is he something  between the two? .  Two    cases  instinctively    come  to  mind which serve as admirable illustrations  of the two  extremes   In  all  the role there is no more striking instance of a man earning the V.C. by-  hot-headed valor thair that of the former Lance-Corporal    O'Lcary,'   who  rushed to" the front .and himself killed  five Germans who were holding    the  first -barricade, after which he attacked a second    barricade, about    sixty  yards further on, -which he captured,  after ^killing three of the ���������enemy    a.nd  making prisoners of two more.   .  Now, 'contrast thai with one of the  , very   latest winners, First-class Boy  j John Travers  Coruwcll,  who, during  'the Jutland battle remained*standing  alone at a most 'exposed post quietly-  awaiting orders until  the  end of the  action, with the gun crew dead    and  wounded all around him.  Between this gallant Irishman and  the . sixfcen-ycar-old English boy  there stands another type���������the type  represented by Lietrl. Leefe Robfn-  son,'whose.feat in bringing down the  L 21 at Cuffley is too recent to need  recall.* Here we have a man needing  nerves of steel while he w'lilcd in the  darkness for his giant foe, and the  courage of a lion to tackle wit/r lits  puny ' weapons the armament- of a  Zeppelin. And then, when this loueiy  heco .had-Avon Iiis great -flight, he  cduld not help showing he "was a bcy  al heart by looping the loop as the  only'outlet for his joy! In Robinson  we. find the calm courage that can  'wait, and' the indomitable pluck that  can strike.  He is this war's greatest herd.  " That is a .great thing io wrirc of  airy' man. ft 'means that his courage  surpasses thai of such mc: as Corporal Angus, who rescued a wounded  officer .after -being wounded himself  forty times; of Lance-Corporal Potter, who, with his right leg shot away,*  and with wounds in both arms, slea-1 y  died his, men and had a cheery word  for all for fourteen hours; of Private  Miller, who, plugging a gaping  wound in his body with his hand,  conveyed a message -and dropped  dead when.he had delivered ther.*-  ply; of Lieutenant-Commanders Eric  Nasmith , and Boyde and Lieutenant  Uolbrook for their brilliant submarine feats in the Sea of Marmora; of  Lieutenant Warneford, the first Zeppelin  strafcr;   aud   of   the   other  air  Lloyd George  i  men heroes, Second Lieutenant  Rhodcs-Moorhousc (who lew 35  miles after being mortally -rounded)  and Captain Liddell (who look his  badly damaged aeroplane back to the  aerodrome with his right thigh  smashed).  It means that Robinson's courage  is. greater than that of tho officer.  Victor Smith, and the private, Me-  Fadzeau, who threw themselves on  piles of bombs to save the lives of  their comrades; and of the Scottish  piper, Laidlaw, and the drummer,  Ritchie, who defied the cr.eniy from  the top of the parapet so as to cheer  on their own men with the sound of  their music.  These are but a few of tlie fireat  deeds which Lieutenant Robinson haa  eclipsed.  Canada May .Come to Bread  Made of Whole W heat  laughed   and  a'?ccted~"to~ be  ashamed ; f*!?s^f.'.cIo&:c }������ * .th.c   ,jrardciv door,  of her own feat-  Taking the change in her attitude  for coquetry, and quite delighted,  Captain Dalmaine fell'into the trap  at once and turned from the door to  her.  "Why, I wanted to'find out who  it was that had been frightening  you," he said. "I wanted io go and  punch his head."  Mabin laughed again, although she  did not quite dike the look in his bold  eyes.       . .  Dalmainc was of a type cmincntly  repulsive to a nice girl, that of trie  lady-killer run to seed. At all costs,  however, he must be kept inside the  house.  "I'm very much obliged to you,"  she said,, ."but: your chivalry is wasted this time. There isn't any head to  punch."  "But you were frightened! Come,'  vow, confess it.    Won't  you- tell  me  W.  N,  U.  1139  her tame cat, Captain Dalmainc, the  "devoted friend and counselor upon  whom sire relied for help to bear the  monotony of life in the country, who  eittertaincd her guests, matched her  silks in the town, rode'with"her, listened to her singing which nobody  else could be prevailed upon to do  without difficulty���������was allowing himself to be seduced into an underhand  flirtation, with the little interloper  who had already caused so much mischief!  Lady Moorhampton's large eyes  blazed with resentment as she let  the curtain fall .heavily behind her,  and stalked along the passage.  Captain Dalmaine had not seen her  yet. He was too busily occupied  with Mabin. The girl was the first  lo see the angry woman as she rus-  Ucd  along   towards   them.  "Willie!" said Lady Moorhampton  in tones which vvcrc eloquent of her  displeasure.  He was too old ;i hand to appear  as startled as he felt.   Turning to his  1916 French "Wheat Crop  The "Trench National Millers' -Association, after exhaustive inquiries,  announces that this year's French  wheat crop yielded 5,700,000 Ions.  This amount, with the existing stock,  gives a total available of 6,400,000  tons. As the annual consumption is  9,200,000 tons the deficit to be made  up bv importation amounts to nearlv  3,000,000 tons.  English Farm Labor Situation  English farm correspondents of  Farmer and Stock Breeder declare  that if there is any further drain upon farm labor for military purptrscs,  production of foodstuffs next year  will be less than the low record cf  1916. One English farmer, with 150  acres in grain crops, says his harvest  would no.t all be in yet but for the  help given in harvesting by the local  curate and schoolboy^.  Teacher (endeavoring to get her  class to understand the term "a  Christian name"): What's your father's name, Bennic?  Bcnnie: -Jones,  the same  miss.  Teacher: But what does your mother call your father?  Bennic: She don't call 'im : pthiri'  ���������she likes 'ami  as  mine,  Says Charles R. Hunt, Who Is Made  One  of Commission on  the  Bread Problem"  Charles   R.' Hunt,     of  the  firm  of  Hunt Bros., millers, is one of ,a commission of five Canadian .millers chosen   by  Sir   George  Foster  to  go. to  England  "to    interview    the    Britisli  Cabinet    in   regard   to   the   standard  bread, which Hon. Walter Runciinan  announced would be sold in the British Isles after the first of the year.  Canada supplies a large amount  cl  the  flour- required  for  the  old  country.     With     the  prospect,   -however,  slight,  of an  embargo     being placed  upon American foodstuffs, the British  president    of    the    local government  board  decided   to   prepare  for   emergencies    and     to   conserve  the  flour  supply as much as possible.      Standard  bread    will    be    something like  whole  wheat  bread,   a   larg-.i  part  ot  the bran being retained in  the  flour.  It is for the purpose of having a suitable article   sent   from    Canada that  the  millers'   commission    'has     been  chosen.  "Wc may come to standard bread  in Canada one of these days, although  there is no immediate prospect of  it," says Mr. Hunt.  ���������-. ,-  Coming Closer  '   "Do you think you will ever own :r   hours,  car?" Doctor:  "Wiry not?    The controlling    cir-   him.  cumstanccs are bound to meet."  "What d.o you mean?"  "Autos keep ocming down, and I  keep saving up."���������Louisvillj Courier-  Journal,  His    Compelling   Magnetism, Which  Has Gained for Him Empire-  Wide Recognition J   "**  "               ,            \                         /   .,  lu'om     the  first  announcement  01  the. British Cabinet crisis the figurs  which has stood most illuminated by,  it was that of Mr.nL'Ioyd George, who,  has accepted the task. -He has "beer*,  the centre of an Empire-wide attention. Mr. ; Lloyd George, at fifty- .  Ihrce,' exercises..today.-.in^the^ivvidcr.-.  arcna of mteVriationar politics" "the"vf|  same compelling magnetism as' he  has. so long had over his own Welsh .J|  nation For he is the/ embodiment  and the product of the/newer .Wqlsh-"'  movement of a nationalism which  shall recognize in Europe"th.c inalienable right of the\smallcr nations to_,.; I  live and to fulfill their own destiny- ['i  ���������unmolested so' lorig'as they are'loyal. J  lo. the community and th,c spirit of-'J  civilization.      , -    ,'i>  . Lloyd George 'was first heard ."of in"  Parliament   for   his- irrepressible .de-_  light in being a pro-Boer when that- -m  was   the   blackest  sin   that  i*ould  be   'I  ascribed    to   a    British    patriot;     It" 1  would be overdrawing- the picture to.  paint him as  foreseeing the  present,"J  fine stand    of J.hosc South'    Africau., '\  Boers.   If there is one thing in-wln'ch  Lloyd George erred it   was in a flat .  inability, to  foresee that  war  In. Europe ' had been    inevitable    for    ten-  years, past.    Yet when it came, that:  overwhelming   avalanche   of August, ,  1914, he was amongUhc quickest, to-,  realize    its fearful   Vastncss, and, recovering from the recoil with rn imagination  and  a  projection  jnto   ihe  future which  only a   Celt could vac-  complish,   he  set  about   the   concen- *  tralion     of  British  strength.   -He  i"3  credited with" having been the one,to* -  suggest    that    Kitchener    be    .ailed"  back from his Egyptian voyage....- All  know  tlfal  was   the  first  right  thing:  in  the maze of  mistakes "and confusion. -  The period of his Cabinet work before tlie war was one stroke of lucie  after another  He  was   in parliament ^-J  at  twenty=seven,   almost  as-early  as  age 'as Pitt.   That had come about rta,  1 combination of events  which     a-n  never    be    repeated    in    Wales.      A  Bethesda   quart yinan   had  died.     He  was  a  Nonconformist, and the   'act-  less little vicar of the. parish had refused  him  burial   in  the   consecrated  pari of the Church of En!>land graveyard,  the only one available.    Lloyd .  George headed the  Bethesda quarry-  men,  strong.-limbed men,  whose'pastime v.as    to fight    with the    naked  knuckle on the Saturday and_ worship)  God  with improved fervor for  it orj  the Sunday.   They rose in revolt, and  taking  the  law  and  the   canons  into  their own   hands   removed  the  conns  and  buried     it  again  in   consecrated  ground by the side of'the dead Mian's  daughter.    The exhumation caused ������a  great stir in Wales. The little-minded  vicar' brought an action  for trespass.  Lloyd George, fought the legal battift  and wourh^ fought it with still more  gusto  on appeal, and secured-ut last  the   right   of   Welsh   Nonconformists  lo   be  buried,   with   their  own   ritual,  in    what    is   public    property.    Au&"  Lloyd George became M.P. tor Carnarvon    Boroughs,    a    constituency  which literally worships* him.  The next outstanding incident tn a  meteoric career was Cm settlement:  of the 1 threatened railway strike of  1906, when he was President of the  Board of Trade. Mr. Grorgc���������for he  is'-not a "hyphenated"���������was the first  Welshman to enter the British Cabinet, hig ingress being a striking tribute to the then consoliri-Uing Welsh  partv, numbering thirtv Liberals our  of  thirty-four   Welsh*M.P's.  In turn came the old-age ensioa-  scheme, which brought the blessiug  of thousands on his head. The Chancellorship of the Exchequer,-, with.'a-  deficit of over $75,000,000 to meet,  was .a test. Mr. Lloyd George rose-to  meet it'worthily. He proposed ihe  super-tax, by which taxation was  placed most heavily where there Was - -  most wealth. It won him the lasting  admiration of, the bold aud the poor,  but the long and bitter, rov'lings of  the  richer  classes  The present war brought out agaia,'  the strong and. virile in Mr, Lloyd1'  George. .He alone has, had the courage to tell'the people .fully what the  sacrifices must be. He it -vas who  first shocked us by saying that .more  ''ammunition was used at the one  battle of Netivc Chapelle than was  consumed in the whole Boer xvzr."  He told .first of all the demand' of  conscription in Britain. ,"  ".������  Too Severe  Doctor: -Your"husband needs..some  good exercise to restore hfrn.  Mrs.  X:   Like  playing, golf?  "Doctor: More violent than that.  Mrs.  X:  I have it!    I'll send hij������  down, to make a few purchases at the  bargain    counter    during    the    nisia  Oh, I didn't mean to .kilS  Saleswoman:    Don't    yo*a  talking-machine    in    -foils'  Pretty  want a  home?  He: My dear, this is so sudden! I-&56S
''*^''tJi' i ��� l'-"r jet: I'^A^Fiuldor-.''.
' . tuiMly and uuickly Cured win.       ,
For Sale by Ail Dealers
Kwxu as & Co., Pro��'��. Wajais��e, On*.
rhen the Arabia Went Down
>ne  fen   on   a -Raft'  Sang   Comic
^    Songs as He Drifted Away
["With a paddic for a banjo!, one,man
Jang comic songs'.and ..thumped
Igainst. the wood with his finger*.
lor, an-accompaniment as he sat on
raft;-and drifted away from iho
��.fabia, sunk by a submarine in the
Mediterranean,- November 6.- In tlie
fcrioking room-a .moment before the
fiiot from the submarine -struck, an-
jther'had just declared "No trumps.'*
e..still -held 'his cards in his hand,
read-out" in order, when "the lifc-
,al un .which he-had taken refuge
J-as rowed - ayj-ay from - the sinking
icssel."'      '
-Such is the. way people act these
^iys when they are forced" to take
|> 'the'o'peri sea for their lives. Theie
Iras "no panic.
]"Whcri the"" Arabia was'hit the sea
jras as'smooth as. glass. A man was
lining.over the'.'rail just above" the
fpot where" the torpedo "-.truck. He
ailed'to his-companions, "Come aud
���jolc'at.this silver^streSk." .The next
lastant'the'concussion came, a, mass
ff"water, splashed'on deck, and the
fean w*as''thrown\against"thc"Svall of
me.' smoking' room and'stunned.: - .
jIjThe passenger.s,-quietly aud quickly
put- :on>? lifebelts 'and', took-.- their
Maces*-beside" the- boats .in which
'ifey^ were to. leave the ship. One^br
Iwo boats were -smashed' in being
joweYed;. and* tlie 'women and children were ushered lo- other boats-by
3ie" men. When the boats were
if ely-riding ���on the water ~ the men
sn'd, women slid down ropes into
tem." The only mishaps were a
(twisted ankle and the women's len-
2er -hands burned in -the slide.  .
A nurse", and a child were in a cabin*"' close to the side where the torpedo "struck.     The  explosion  sm-tsh-
:d7thc cabin, .but" the nurse-ciawled
|etit*'6f-;the'ruins-with the'child. Both
Iwerc,'unhurt. * The.ship's doctor, was
Jin'*-his   cabin" and   was   covered , wMi
���splintered .g.lass.    He,  too,  i\as'unin-
���jured.. ��� In ..thirty  minutes-the vessel
Jv/as ^abandoned.
The Arabia sank gently. There was
f-eo "great explosion, only two big
[puffs ""of smoke and soot;. As -the
[inclination of -the hull increased .ill
[loose objects slid-down the decks to-
Kvard" the stem. The Arabia dived
I quietly. Pieces of timber, chairs and
stuany" light articles, including a cra-
jdie, shot vertically out of the water.
["Then'the only trace of the ship was
jan oily, sooty patch of wa-,ter with
[two planks floating in the middle,
I Minard's' Liniment Cures Distemper*"
Difficult for -Letters
To Follow Wounded
Soldiers Have Clothes-
Made t rom Paper
Is a Light Weight, Warm and Inex-
.   pensive Garment
One 'of tlie big paper mills in
France recently completed a series of
experiments undertaken under the
auspices of the French Academy of
Science with the object of producing
a paper which should be suitable for
making ufrtlcrt*. ear. After patient research their efforts/ were crowned
with success in the, form of a papc-
hot only soft and pliable, but so
water-tight, antiseptic^ tough and
durable as to be excellently fitted for
making vests anel plastrons for soldiers. In fact, it is predicted that
the" basis of a new industry has thus
been laid and that those warm, lightweight, inexpensive garments will 'be
in great demand in times of peace.
The plastron is" a garment generally worn over the shirt nnd~-bencalh
the, suspenders, which hold it' in position. , Its weight is not "more ".than
2.6 ounces, and when folded it takes
1    -^ADt- m  CANADA**'
For   making",
' soap.
Per cofton-
' Ina watar.
For    removing ]
For dlelrrfectlru? ]
rof rig orators,
alnk��t  closets,
' dralusandforSOO
othor purposes.
The Born Writer
Londoners Forced to Grope
A- Fog So  Dense and  Black There
That People Became Lost
London recently experienced its
first dense fog since the war lighting, ot rather darkening, order cam'-*,
into force. It was, perhaps, one c*f
that ever enveloped
the. worst   fogs
very little  space/ a  great advantage   the "metropolis.-
-in a soldier's kit. It can be ivorn for- It was thick-and black and grirr.y,
about a month. The gilct-plastron,
or combination vest and plastron, "is
fuller and heavier"; It is specially
designed for sentinels and men'' on
duly for long hours in the trenches.
It is tufted with a sort of cellulose
felt, which makes 'it ' exceedingly
warm. * At .the* same time,its com
position is such that vermin find no
shelter in its folds, a-matter of .vital i lar'traffic was���entircly suspended so
and , a peculiar feature was its
warmth. It clung.to wayfarers like
a, fluffy overall. '.There, .were also
damp patches, and then"it fell as
though one were running into a
newly washed" blanket'hanging out
to dry.
No one has 'e.ver seen  London so
dark, and looking* so weird.    Vchicu-
impbrtance' to the nien to whom the
bile "of a parasite may mean infection
with .the dreaded typhus  fever.   ,"7,
Then there is the''gilet,t of waistcoat, without the plastron, a garment
.intended for1 general use by sportsmen ��� hunters, fishermen, motorists
and aviators.
There is no more effective ^vermifuge on the market than ' Miller's
Worm Powders. - They will not only
clear the stomach and bowels of
worms, but will prove a'very serviceable medicine for children in' rcgulal-; the  blind
ing  the    infantile system    and main
tabling    it in    a healthy    condition.
far as - the ordinary e-scrvrces were
concerned. The dimmed lights of the
street lamps' could scarcely be. seen
a "yard'away.* Trains-were held t.p.
Taxicafis were as rare as butterflies
in December. ,   ' -   -
In the west end, theatregoers left
the theatres and restaurants, plunged
into the black fog, and- instantly lost
themselves. There were no omnibuses or taxicabs to take them borne,
and it was next to impossible to find
one's way to the tube stations without direction. In most cases it was
leadfng-   the blind.     One
.There is nothing in their composition"] ed as pilots to the few motor omni
Explanation of Delay in Postal Service to Canadians in .Europe
A letter appears in The London
Times from Rev."" Frank Leight, of
Kespeler, Ont., complaining of delay
in delivering, letters - to ^Canadian
wounded from friends in Canada."
"One "of my sons was wounded at
Ypres in June and the oth;r at the
Somrne in September. The latter
had- no word fiom home from mid-
September to mid-November, though
Siiraself able to write weekly. He
���was at Etaples a moiith^ al Notting-
.&am about a month. Though we
wrote At first through the at my post
office and afterwards directly to <him,
he got not a word from home; and
the other for nearly two 'months wa'-
without letters, though a note was
*ent to England."
��� The'-Gahadian Press inquiries reveal that "when a man is -wounded,
Betters for him arc sent to the Postal
Department at the Canadian Record
Office.' Their difficulties are considerable 'in,-following.��� the -migrations, of
wounded* fro'm'' oneV h'ospita 1 to "another.^. For instance, they. -will"re-
���uiain but on"e day'.- at a certain hospital,7two days at another, and sc oh.
Ivvery effort i.s made to deal expeditiously v/ilii' niail -���in. such cases.
Correspondents in Canada, however,
���send letters by the hundred with such,
addresses as "John Smith,- care of
Army- Post Office, London," -whereas
tlie Army Post Office so far as Fng-
"lahd is concerned, is v. on-existent
and applies only to the army in the
field. " The greatest care should be
taken "to have  the man's    regimental
munibcr plainly -indicated. The ex-
"Sraqrdinary congestion in all branches of the -.main ''service, civil and mili-
�����2ry, GUglrt also to be borne in mind.
that "will injure the most delicate", sto
mach when directions, arc followed,
and they can be given to children iu
the full assurance that they will utterly destroy all worms.
Reinvesting* Profits
'"'Miss Norah, if it wasn't for Tir-
rencc O'Brien that,do be coortiu' y-e,
IPd be after bavin' somethiir' to say
to ye'nresilf itbr night." .*.
, "It's .yei-y considerate:'';.ye are, Mi\
Mulligan, but: did ye silver hear, that
sprisinr company'is always accipted."'"
Wheq Your Eyes Need Care
*C��eHiirineE.ye"Uedieine. *N*o8m��rtiner���Feels
Viae���Acts Quickly. Try it for "Red, Weak.
Wore Eyes ami Granulated Eyelids. Murine la
compounded by our Oculists���not a, "Patent
Medicine"���but, uaetl in successful Physicians'
lPi-actico for many yeara. Now dedicated to
��be Public und sold by Dj-ngrgiats at 60c per
Bottle.-: Murine JSye Salre in Aseptic Tuliea.
SKSe ��nd 50c. Write for book or the Ere Free
Murine Eya Remedy Company OMcajeo. adr
W,      N.
Modern Dairying  Need  No Longer
Mean Drudgery
Jf the dairy has been profitable
during the last season, and il probably has, a portion' at least of the
gains should be reinvested in the
equipment of Ihe plant and the complement of cattle, unless the business
is already onejhundred per cent, per
feet in this regard. Dairying need
no longer mean drudgery, for the
drudgery part of it can practically
all be done by machine. And it need
no longer be, guess -^work, for modern 'methods/ coupled with common
sense, have reduced the production
of profit lo a mere matter of t.pplied
arithmetic. The common knowledge
of scientilic feeding and the availability of practical information along
this line has made possible the maximum of production al the minimum
cost, and the Babcock test and the
milk scales can or will eliminate the
unprofitable animal. The constasitlv
increasing urban population provides
a sure market at good prices tor
y ears to come for the great essential
iood commodities, milk and its products, and there is every reason to
feel that now, more than ever before,
the dairy industry- must thrive. For
this reason the reinvestment of profits in the rehabiliment of the herd
and the bringing up to dale of the
equipment is the wisest plan the
dairyman can make. ��� Successful
Mrs.7 C. E. , Stilwcil,' .Win'tliropc,
Sask., writes: "I have used Baby's
Own Tablets for the past ten years
and have. found, theni so good for my
little ones that J always.keep a box in
the house." Mrs. Sfllwell is nc-of
thousands of mothers who :always
keep the Tablets on hand. Once a'
mother has used lllem for her little
ones she would . use noth'ng else.-
They are absolutely free from opiates
and injurious drugs and cannot, possibly do harm to the youngest cJii'tl:
They are sold by medicine dealers or
by mail at 25 cents a box from Tlie
Dr. Williams Medicine Co., Brock-
"Tricks in All Trades"
The Agricultural Department is
out with a warning against the
"veneered" bale of hay:
Veneering consists' iu feeding to
the baling .machine an occasional
forkful :of. hay that is of higher grade
than the bulk of the lot being baled
and manipulating the forkful'in such
a way that- the high grade hay covers the outside of the bale, making
the bale appear to contain' betfer_Jray
than   it  actually-does   contain.    "
This is as bad- as the 'stove-piped
apple barrel, the sawdust sausage
and the basswood ham. "Their human imitation is the pious and "benevolent" old. rascal who. tries, to, sell
ycu a gold brick. : Watch them ail.
Love is like a game of poiccr ~ a
young man often wants a hand he
cannpt get.
could not see even a few feet ahead.
In Trafalgar Square policemen act-
buses and taxicabs that,tried braveiy
lo make headway.
The fog was no less dense iii the
suburbs than in central London. An
"Enfield resident spent half an hour
crossing to his home from that of a
friend, a distance of two hundred
yards. A Stamford I Jill resident
who reached home safely, failed for
more than an.hour to find Lis house.
���London  Express.
Dread of Asthma make; ccunUcss
thousands -miserable. .Night after
night the attacks return, and even
when brief respite is given tlie mind
is still in torment from "continual anticipation. Dr���T. D..Kellogg's Asthma
Remedy changes all 'ih:**. Reliei
conies, and-at once, while future ar-
tacks are warded off, leaving the afflicted one in a state ot peace ana*
happiness^ he once believed he could
never enjoy , Inexpensive -md sold
almost everywhere.
The Literary Gift Is One Which  Is
Not Acquired
The death of Jack London and the
���"���ketches of his career occasioned  by
'his  death  present  the  pit lute  of     -t
. younj.;   man    who   saw   uitit  discernment-the seamy side of life, and the
i adventuron*. side,    aud    wrote cntcr-
I tabling!}' about  what  he ^av\.      The
j late O.  Henry's literary-product was
I a result of his reaction to conditions
1 he    encountered , when    he    left    a
clerk's  walk  of life  and  thrust himself amid more colorful surroundings.
Such lives as those ��� of J-ick   London and O. Henry   incline   observers
to the,view that a writer still is called by writing,   -and    thai    the   inan
who sets out deliberately- lo prepare
himself  to make writing his   calling,
selecting it as_    another man selects
law  or  medicine  or   mercantile life,
because of the opportunities il offets,
as judged by the results obtained by
its successful  exponents, is likely  to
prove a stodgy writer. '
Laurence Sterne - was ,t fiddling,
bookish convivial, obscure country-
parson at 47 when a singly book
drew him up to the hcitrhls of fame
and made him a man "awaited by
dinner engagements a fortnight
deep" wherever he went la Luropc.
The book so flagrantly violated tfre
onventions of .narrative writing that
Horace Walpole called it a book
written backwards. Digression had
been called a distasteful, if not disqualifying, fault. Sterne became
known"as a master of digression. He
trifled with his readers, aud mocked
learning and its laws, "fie was "able
to do so because genius 's not amenable to law.
: Mark Twain, as' everyone knows,
received a poor education 'and wa.-.
apprenticed to a painter, afterward,
becoming steamboat pilot, a privisle
secretary, a miner, a 'provincial
journalist, before his flame of genius
burned through the coating of circumstances which had made him a
jack-of-all-trades. aud lcvealed him
as a great humorist.
There is a growing "army of men
aud women of good education and
comfortable financial situation who
select writing as a" polite occupation
promising fair monetary rewards.
Those who peg away at it long
enough and hard enough manage, as
a rule, to get into the magazines if
not to get a publisher of'books to
discover them; but there remains Lite
pleasing view, and it hardly is illusion, that wi iters who command a
large audience, through lire medium
of the genius of a Sterne, a demons,
an O. Henry, or the talent of a Jack
London, will be always bom to virile
lather than made in colle^o andVm?
ished  by  special   courses iu  writing.
"1 understand that your daughter
is going to take music lessons."
"Not exactly," replied Farmci
Corntosscl. "We haven't the heart
to tell her that her voice sounds terrible,  so we're goin'  to hire a regu
lar    teacher
to do it."-���Washington
Off   to  Old  Country  for Domestics
Miss Francis A. Biden has returned
from a. western trip covering 'he
principal prairie cities, where she
met many ladies and received applications _ for domestic help. Miss
Biden is a born Canadian and has
spent all her life in Western Caivtda.
Il is her intention immediately arrangements arc completed in* cou-
���nection with her Winnipeg business
lo leavetfor Great Britain early in
January, returning withva large party
of selected domestic sea-ants. 'These
of course, will .all have been placed
before arriving.~Miss Bidcn's city .td-
dress is care of the Grand Trunk Pacific city ticket olnce,,._260 .'Poj.vage
avenue/ Winnipeg, Man.      ���'���'..���'���?���
One efficient way. to remove
nasal catarrh is to treat its cause
which in most cases is physical
weakness. The system needs
more oil and easily digested
liquid-food, and you should
take a spoonful or
Neatly all children are subject to
worms, and many are botn with
them. Spare them suffering by iu-
ing Mother Graves'. Worm Exterminator, the best "remedy of the kind
that can be had.       ��� /
after each meal to enrich your
blood and help heal the sensitive membranes tvifh its 'pure
oil-food properties.
The results of this Scott's
Emulsion treatment will
surprise those who have used
irritating snuffs and vapors"T
The Mineral Wealth
.       Of Northern Canada
; Bird Statistics
For two years the numbers o'fi birds
en certain farms in different parts of
the country have been counted. A
summary now shows that in tlie
Northeastern States the average rami
of 108 acres protects a total of 12-i-
pairs of domestic birds. These arc
birds of the sorts that farmers should
ptotect. Five acres in Maryland afforded a home for 193 pairs, of sixty-
species. This bird count was made
for. the purpose of getting definite figures on the value of bird protection
on farms, and the "importance of providing feed and protection for them.
Bird lovers can figure out the bene*
fits.���The Country Gentleman.
Minard's   Liniment Cures   Garget in
Declined  to  Worry
"So my daughter has consented to
become ryour wife. Have you fixed
the day of the wedding?"
"I   will leave that to  her."
"Will you have a church or a private ������wedding?" ' '
""Her mother, can decide that."
. "What, have you to live on?"
"I will leave that entirely to you,
sir."'-^���Boston -Globe.    -.
"Destroy tlie Whole Government"
Among a batch of correspondence
found among f the German dead on
the Sommc are some letters which
show an altered tone toward the war.
It ere is a sample:
"The war is a low, scoundrelly af-[
fair,"  writes   a  member    of  the  3rd I
Ersatz     Regiment.      "The    German
Government deceives the people. One
sees it very clearly in this   v.holcsale
murder.    One can hardly- help being
ashamed of being a German since w;
put up with this.    AVc must turn out-
rifles round  and  destroy
government.   That gang have caused
lib to* be killed.    Remember this if I
don't come back, dear  Greta.     It is
aheady quite clear that C-ermanv k
losing,    and getting  into    a 1-oriib'e
Better Chances There Than In Any-
Other Country, Says Mining
'--**������=*-      "      President-    -        "    --,
An emphasis oii the importance oJ
the mining, industry in Canada was
laid by Mr."Arthur A. Cole, president
of the Canadian Mining Institute, in
an address before the Empire Club
of Toronto. "Only a small portion
of Northern Ontario has been pros-
pected," he said. "From Cobalt to
the Arctic there is offered belter
chances of obtaining valuable mineral deposits than in any other 'country in the world.''
Mr Cole quoted figures to show
that the railroads of Canada ..and o��
the United States carried more mineral products than agricultural products. In Canada for six y--ears" up
to 1913 the freight.from ".lines in this
country more .than doubled ihe
ficight from the" land, and manufacturing products were less tlir.n cunei.
Germany had gained so far :n this
war the Belgian coalfield's and the
it on mines in Lorraine, and the loss
of both of them would mean her an
Canada leads the world hi her production of coal, asbestos, nickel, talc,
feldspar, mica, graphite, silver and
gold. "With such a.rich inheritance
wc would be delinquent if wc did rot
give it all the attention it deserves,"
delared Afr. Cole.. Iu the p-:st there
had been too little co-operation, between manufacturers. ,ond -miners.
Mining was one "of the basi-1 iuclus.-
tries, and entered more or less into
the lives of everyone. It costs seven
millions per annum to iua Cobalt
camp, and most of that money came
.to Toronto. And Cobalt was
one of a group of mines.
$100 Reward. S100
The reAciera of tin's paper Trill hi pltiszi
ta leara that there is at lesst one dreaded
disease fiat science has b=cn able to cure in
all its stages, and that is catarrh. Catarrh
being greatly influenced by constitutions!
conditions requires coastitutioirsl treatment
Hall's Catarrh Cure ts taien internally and
acts through the ��!ood on the Mucous Sur-
faces of the System, theieby destroying tl><
foundation of the disease, giving the patienC
thf -vU -> r. ' itr&>Btk by building up the constitution a.n4
tut ivnoic assisting nature in doing its wort. The proprietors hare eo much faith.. u> the curative
powers of Hull's Catarrh Cure that the- oSea
One Hundred Dollars for any case\that il
fails to cure.    Send "for list of testimonial!.
Address:  F.  J.   CHENEY  &  CO., To!*<��,
Ohio.    SoM by all Drujtgists, 7Sc.
"Monsieur: ~
For IS days in the trvulh of .la-iuaij-
suffsimg with pam of rheumatism m th
t tried all kinds, of remedies but r.othiucr did
me any &ood. One person told mc cbout
"MINARD'S.JASIHEST;-as soon as I tried
it the Saturday riigrht, the next morning I
vras feeling very good; I tell you this remedy is very good; I could giiz vou a pood
certificate any time that you v.-cu!d li!:e to
have one. If any time I come to hear .Voout
any per*!,ou sic!: of rheumatism, I could tei!
them   about  this  remedy.
\"ours truly,  ���    . *
'ERNEST iTIin-'ir.f.K
Rue   Ontario   East,   "Montreal
.Feb. 14,  190S.
He Was Short
l-'.arly one evening a frail little git!
enteied a candy store and asked for
a cake of chocolate. After she had
the candy she put four pennies on
the counter aud started out. The
storekeeper, though averse to frightening the littlething, called after her.
in a gentle voice:
"You're a penny .short."    ���   '
��� "No, you're    a penny    short-," she
called back as she disappeared.���Loudon Illustrated Sunday Magazine.
'"ITdvr did Deeds make his reputation as a lawyer?"
"He was so well-to-do he could decline cases he knew he couldn't wtn."
Meaning" of Service
The Extent of Each One's Duty Depends on His Ability to
, In Canada the war has done more
than 'anything else ,to teach us the
meaning of service. We arc coming
to realize as we have not done in the
past that every citizen has responsibilities to the state, and that the extent of each one's duty of service depends upon'his ability- to serve. If
the lesson be well learned it vviil
mean much for -the future of this
country. It. will also result in an
electorate trained to select men for
public" office on the basis of ability
and integrity. It will also meet: the
difficulties of 4*atblic ownership by-
providing in the public service generally a continuous supply of men as
able and as devoted to'their work as
those available for private enterprise.
If the idea of service grips the citizens of this country Canada may easily lead the" world in working "out a
solution for most "'of the problems
which now beset society. ��� Toronto
His Executor
.A colt pre of Kcutucki.tns. meeting
iu a feud.district, according-..to an cx-
' change,  one   asked   the  other:
"Look here, Bill, what did you
shoot at me for. I ain't got no quarrel  with  you."
"You had a feud with Ben Walker,
didn't you?"
"But Bens dead."
"Well, I'm his executor." ������ New
York Tribune.
' /���
) %M  ....5:'.L...r/..:..;.^..5.,r,.^;'>-:^t.?^..:^^;..y  'l/tt&'M  m  r*Mi '  <  ^:|>?S5^%^ft5"^^^&  S'tto  i- i  "*  i,  r  -;-.^S:;:.'.:r  r-F"^  ���������SS*^^  Confectionery  Stationery  Toys  Magnifies, Newspapers,   Pt. iotlicals.    Subscriptions   received for any Publication at List Price.  T. H. ROTHERHAM  'Jtin fy..i ^j ry'is' v,,*h  r '4- *  1'-   (I'cCi*  "i .- .ii-  ���������-���������v?g-'..-;-n-?.;������a.i<t������-  ^^^^^^^^^^^  V/iW' _  6oieman&6o.  ���������ii liiiiiiiiMiiiiiiniiiyii-iyyMiiiiiiKiniiiniiiiii  "The Big Store"  General  Merchants  with cx-"make-nps" looking for  a job winding the clock.  A lady writes from Halifax,  N. S., thab the most gentlcmanly  of all the units which passed  through that- city were the Forresters, or woodmen, she calls  them, of British Columbia. One  for the lumber jacks. It is  doubtful if the Germans will  form so high an opinion of  them. The lady is right. .They  are gentlemen, but not gentle  in a scrap.  .;;.*'  ': ���������     ���������    ['-v\  - *���������"     ,'  ' ��������� *" ,       - /.' .1    "V ..,; !>  ' K*';' - .1' ilci J'i.iii)', wno .)���������*)-  f.-.i.u i!" I.tsl, ,������-('.'ir. .-iiiii ilu-y (;>>-  pect to encounter tho main ore  body within a distance of approximately 160 feet. Already  they have jencountered some of  the v rich poclcets of copper  which characterized, development ' work all along on this  and other claims on the big  hill.���������Chesaw News.  racina 60. w  P. de "Vere Hunt, deputy  sheriff at Cranbrook, has been  notified he will -be out of a job  on March first; . '    -  If you are thinking of building this year I would be pleased  to give you a figure on Lumber,  Lath, Shingles, Sash and Doors  and Moulding.  - F. M. Wright,  -    .   Cawston, B. C.  KEREMEOS, B. C.  SI*? Ifcdlcy $azefte  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year .-. J2.00  "   (United States)  2.50  *>  Advertising Rates  "Measurement." ii linos to the inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, $1.25 for one insorfclon. 25 cents for  each, subsequent insertion. Over one inch,  12 cents per line for first insortion and 8  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract AdvertUements���������One inch per month  $1.25; over 1 inch and up to 4 inches, $1.00  per inch per month. To constant advertisers  caking larger spaco than four inches, on  application, rates will be given of reduced  charges, based on size of space and length  of time.  Certificate of Improvements S10.00  (Where.more than one claim appear';  in notice, $2.50 for each addition.-! 1  claim.)  Jab. W. GiUEit. Publisher*.  Hedley, B. C. Feb. 22,  1917.  " He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me."  Politicians and boards of trade  shouldrkeep their noses out of  the soldiers' affairs.  Coal is a mineral composed  of shale,"- mud, bitumen, water  and gas, in which mud and  shale predominate.  There is  talk  of nominating  Mrs.  Smith, widow  of  the late  ._' Ralph  Smith,  for the vacancy  caused by   her husband's death.  It is not discussable.  No Patronage-Thornton Fell,  Bob Ronwick, E. Jacobs, Chas.  Cullin, Hunt, and all the road  superintendents. And only a  start has bepn mude.  It appears that Premier H. C.  Brewster was for a number of  years "make-up" on a Boston  daily newspaper. The premier  should keep that portion of his  life as much in the background  as possible. Some old-time print  may want to know tho size of  the "pipe" he camo through.  The  coast   cities   aro crowded  Men who have been idontiflod  with mining in the province for  any length of time will be sorry  to learn  that the minister of  mines has given , Mr. E. Jacobs,  the mining writer,  ''notice *to  quit."   Of course   it is  pretty  generally known  that  the provincial annual review of mining has for years   been   compiled by Mr. Jacobs.   In fact;  there never was a complete and  authentic  review of mining in  the province until Mr. Jacobs  was called in.   Mr. Jacobs  has  done more to bring to the notice of investors the mineral resources of the province than all  other writers combined in the  past twenty years.   Of course  the minister of mines has the  privilege of dispensing with the  services of any or all employees  of   his  department.      From   a  iiberal viewpoint  it is doubtless quitb justifiable for a sworn  minister of the crown "to make  the  greatest , industry   of   the  province  subservient to political party 'exigencies.  There is scarcely sufficient  water in Boundaiy crce'k to  furnish power for elcetrif light  ing in Greenwood, but 1!h*i*o is  still enough booze to i'ui-jiish  head lights'for all tho ro<=i.lonts  of the copper city. "  The publication a 2 -''.j* Conservation Commis.'ion o-i *(,.<.*  water    powers   o������*   the   ni,.".''"ri-;*  UBEflU  PAINTING  PflfER-HflNGING  ;   KflLSOMINING  TERMS MODERATE  DALY AVE.   -   -   tlEDLEy, B.C.  [en's  $20.00, $22.00, $24.00, $25.00  Sizes 36 to 41 Inclusive  These were bought before  ;; the price Balloon went rip ;  and. are easily  Worth One-Half More  LET US SHOW YOU  Trflfliflflj6D.ii  The Nickel Plate  BarDer_SliOD .  SATISFACTORY, SANITARY  TONSORIflL SERVICE  Tile's shop it equipped with  Baths   and   all  the ' latest  'Electrical-Appliances. '  W.T.BUTLER,  - Prop.  Y4  ���������-I ,u:  provinces   has   boon  the Gazette office.  lac  rur-i-Mv^* at  ,A. F.  & A. M.  KaGUIjAR nionlhly meetings of  ��������� ' It }y "Lo.Iru No. 1,1, A. V. & A. M.,  ; ! i-t-kl  on  l!,o  -=Cf ijiiri * Friday in  '���������     '-tMtoriulyli'ul, Hirlir.y. Visiting-  -.1 .I.UU iuvi'i ii I.iatlMi I.  S. P.. M,*i*\1������.TO*N_  V>'( fti  .   .   . ' '   j   -   l".n ,.'���������   ,*,, of  -     " '"IL_<     ������    1 ' l.'.l    l   '    ,, i.i   on"  .--     -   L..u -i:.-,!,.    ;i,i   1 ,h \   ";IU ,t; ij   In  - i.--'-;^,-'^ "**������������������"������:��������� "ii'il'n '*:) fit- llia-gi Hall  >^-ZjL^2?   Lntlie-s U!<;c-L Mul and \ Tucirtays  iT'ieittnjf brcthern arc cordially invited  W.L,ONTSDALE. W.M.'  H. F. JONTES.^ec't.  NicKel Plate Camp  No.. 15662  Modern Woodmen  of the World  Mefts in Fraternity H;i 11 uhe Third  Thur'hdrty in each month at 8 p. in.  A. Clare, WC.       J. Smith, Clerk.  YOUR DOLLARS  1GHT   '.;-  AT   "THE    FRONT.  buy .  DOMINION OF CANADA  WSAYIN6S I  $ 25.00   Rof?   $21.BO  eO.OO      "        "43.00  .100.00    "       se.oo  INDIVIDUAL PURCHASES LIMITED TO.5I800.  FOR FULL PARTICULARS APPLY AT ANY BANK  OR ANY MONEY ORDER POST OFFICE      ���������  JAN. 9, 1917  F-INANOE    DEDARTMBNT  Ottawa  CAN YOU FACE EASTER  with the knowledge that however perfect, your appearance in other respects,  the effect is marred by  DEFECTS IN YOUR TEETH ?  Why not let us attend to them at  once? The longer yotr put it olf the  worse they will look. We can remedy  any defect quickly and painlessly. - If  the Hxpense troubles you, our moderate charges will relieve you of that  anxiety. "     . |-  DR, F. T. ROBINSON  Dentist.  Office with Dr. Lewis, Oroville, Wash.  Clearance Sale  [HOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAVE FUNDS REQUIRING  INVESTMENT MAY PURCHASE  AT PAR  OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK  IN. SUMS  OF *SOO OR ANY  MULTIPLE THEREOF.  TS Inglewood Supply Store  4n-qounces a big clearanco sale to close out their  Hardware Line, Paints of all kinds,'Carpenters'  Supplies, Kettles, Pans, etc. Dry Goods, including  Dress Materials, Men's Shirts, Overalls, Boots and  Shoes, etc., and all other lines except Grocery Line  Everything will b'e sold at Cost.  Watch for the Announcement of the Date of Sale  Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.  Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free of exchange at  any chartered.Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of  purchase. r .'   - 7  Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest  as tho equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue  in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security.  Proceeds of this stock are -fdr war purposes only.  A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized borid and  stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications for this stock which bear their  stamp. .   - .   ���������-..:    -  For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawar' y  DtPARtMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA,  P.CTOBER 7lh,-191&   ;  ������-!*. l_,������������' r^^lf^^^^MMi^l^,  "J


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