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The Hedley Gazette Jan 1, 1914

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Array 3*';i  I  AND SIMILKAMEEN ADVERTISER.  Volume IX.  HEDLEY, B.C., TPIUKSDAY, JANUAKY J. 1914.  Number f;2.  f $  Dr. C. A. JACKSON  DENTIST  [18 years practice in Vancouver.]  S. O. L. Co.'s Block  PENTICTON,       -      -       B. C.  .#������������������  JflS. GLflRKE  CMP Biff OPERATIONS IN 1913  Nickel Plate Increases Its Production for the Year  and Permits Another^Thirty per cent  Distribution of Profits  MASONIC  INSTALLATION  Watchmaker    -  HEDLEY.B.C.  Clocks and Watches for Sale.  i  R. W. DEANS  Notary Public Real Estate  Ranches,   Properties,   Mines, Timber,  Water Powers  Upper Trout Creek, ��������� Balcomo P. O. B.C  TOTAL OUTPUT NOW- NEARS FIVE AND A HALF MILLIONS  Former. High Extraction is  Maintained and Development  Has Been .'Faithfully Pushed to Take Care of  Future���������A Most Successful Year c  N. Thompson ' i'iion'k skvmouk u&I'-J  MGK. WEST1CKN CAN'ABA  Gammell Laird & Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturers  Sheffield, Eng.  Offices and Warehouse. 847-63 Ben try Street  Vancouver, B. C.  Hedley    riiners'    and    Hill men's  Union, No. 161, W. F. of M.  Regular meetings of the Hedley Loca , No.  Ifjt are held on the lirst and third Wednesday  in. the month in Fraternity hall iind the second  and fourth Wednesday nt the M*. I'. Mine  O. M. Stevkns T, It. Wrr.LEV  President Fin-Secretary.  A A. F.   & A. .  "���������%rear*      REGULAR monthly meetings of  /"^TV    Hedley Lodgo No. 13, A. F. & A. M.,  are held, on the second  Friday in  each month in Fraternity hall, Hedley. "Visiting  brethren are cordially invited to attend.  S. E. HA/IILTON,  W.M  H. D. BARNES  Secretary  MODERN WOODMEN  OF AMERICA  Hedley Local Camp meets in  Fraternity Hall tho first Thursday only in the month.  R. J. Cokkigak  Counsel  If. G. Fkeehan  Clerk.  l. o. l:  "Regular monthly meetings of  Hedley Lodgo 1744 are held on  tho   third   Monday   in    every  v&Sa&t$8&i&mm������1 '" Fraternity Hall.  Visit  ing brcthern are cordially iiivitcd to attend.  H. J. JONES, \V. M.  G. H. TURNEU. Scc't.  DR. J. L. MASTERS  DENTIST   .  Will be lit Home office in Oroville, list  to 20th of each month.  Office on North   Main   Street.  P. W. GREGORY  CIVIL "ENGINEER and BRITISH  COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building: Princeton  W/alterClayton  Barrister, Solicitor. Etc.  MONEY TO LOAN  PENTICTON,  B. C.  MAT  NORTHERN  HEDLEY B.C.  HOTEL  Bar and Table the Best.   Rates Moderate  First Class Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor  I 3?  Grand Union I  Hotel I  HEDLEY,  British Columbia  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  of Liquor and Cigars  A.  WINKLER,     Proprietor, |  >:w������m,^^nn������t'n^'KK9e>;KHnRHttss  While the outside world is complaining of money stringency, and a worldwide trade depression 'has made hard  times in the trade centres of all lands,  Camp Hedley is able to go on in the  even tenor of its way, and the end of  the year finds trade as good and  money as plentiful iis it has ever- been.  In fact the only difference between  the present Christinas season and that  of past years is that this one has been  decidedly the best.      <���������  This of course is due to the splendid  record of the Nickel Plate mine  upon which the town subsists, and  also to the confidence of the owners in  the future of'the mine which has led  them to make plans for important extension of their operations. The final  quarterly dividend for the past year,  announced three weeks ago, and made  payable on the first of January, called  for a distribution of a bonus of twelve  per cent for the quarter in addition to  the regular- three per cent quarterly.  While this isfjjrhily a repetition of what  was done last year when thirty percent on the,outstanding capital of the  mine was paid rn dividends, it is known  that a good surplus is carried to rest  out of the profits of the year's operations in addition to the thirty per  cent distributed, and that the dividend  was declared when it was known that  work had already started on the installation of a power- plant on the Similkameen River which is hound to  cost a large sum of money the maintenance of last year's dividend takes  on a new significance and gives abundant reason for entertaining a very  bright outlook.  MINE   DEVELOPMENT  In mine development the past year  has been notable in that it has witnessed the carrying out, or rather the first  real commencement,  of a work which  has to do with the future of the mine,  since that prosecuted in the opening  up of the property before production  began, and the driving of No. 4 tunnel  in 1905.    From the end of 1905 until  the taking over of the property by the  present owners in August 1909 there  was no work" done that could properly  be called development, for it had reference    merely   to    the    immediate  wants of the mine in ore extraction;  but   this year it has   been   confined  wholly to carrying forward of a great  work���������the sinking of the Dickson incline which is designed to he the great  highway for the ores of the  Nickel  Plate    and  adjacent   properties   for  years to come.  It is triie'that immediately upon   taking  over-   the  Nickel  Plate the present company began extensive opening up of ground adjacent  to the  old workings,   but almost  invariably it was in good pay ore and  it consisted merely in the blocking out  of ore and preparing stations, chutes  and pockets for the extraction of ore  in the immediate future.  The Dickson incline is in many respects different  from that as it has to  do with the more distant as well as  the nearer future.   A year- ago when  reviewing the progress  for  1912 we  gave some idea of what it was to be  and its purport.    A start had been  made on it in  the closing weeks of  1912,  but the work done then consisted   in   cutting  a   head   station   and  pocket to accommodate the gallows  frame, and several weeks of the he-  ginning  of  1913   were   consumed  in  completing the head work in readiness  to start in on the work of driving the  incline.  During the.year it was driven  down about 700 feet and the errd of the  year again finds the incline crew at  work cutting a station,   but this time  it is the station at the (JOO foot level  from its portal.   At that time one of  the known but as yet unopened ore  bodies which the incline is meant, to  accommodate, is known to bo in close  proximity and the present is considered an opportune time to make ready  the station and chute from which it  carr he gone after. The Dickson Incline is 8x16 fi-et in the clear and provides for double track and man-way.  Its portal is in No. 4 tunnel about 800  feet from the por tal of No. 4, and 300  feet below the old glory hole. It is  projected fqr-ii depth of 3000feet on an  angle of 30'clegrees without an inch of  devijition^in either direction or grade.  For the'jfir-st 200 feet of sinking it was  irr ore on what is known as the great  Nickel Plate No. 2 ore body which dips  at,an angle several degrees flatter- than  the Dickson incline which was given a  30 degree angle in order to insure having it below all known ore'bodies. The  existence of this No. 2 ore body was  unknown to the former owners who  sold to the present owners four years  ago; and since then they have opened  it up by means of another incline higher up in it known as No'. 5 incline and  opened out on five levels, from four of  which they have been extracting ore  for the last year, although ore has  been coming out of it for three years.  That was the development before referred to as having occupied the present owners from the time they took  over the mine until the Dickson incline  was started a year ago.  A point which it is well to note in  connection with the year's development in the mine is that no construction account was kept and all was  charged to operating expenses, whether it was the prosecution of a great  work to serve for the future as in the  case of the Dickson incline or the new  inine buildings erected down on the  line of the lower car track near the  irrouth of,No. 4 tunnel.  In exploration by diamond drill 13U0  feet was done during tlie year on the  Nickel Plate which is less than in  former years but a stage has been  reached when it was not so necessary,  iind it can be more satisfactorily and  economically- done when the new  power plant has been completed and  there is abundant power for everything.  OUTSIDE  DEVELOPMENT AND  CONSTRUCTION  With concentration of work on the  lower levels of the Nickel Plate and  the fact that the old mine buildings  on the upper trolley track leading to  No. 3 tunnel has been outgrown, the  year saw the erection of new buildings  on the lower track comprising new  store, warehouse, machine shop, powder thawing house, blacksmith shop,  capping house, and on the No. 8 tunnel level the old buildings were renovated and repaired.  The gravity tramway also saw extensive repairs made. Seventy percent of the ties were renewed arrd a  new head gear is being put in at the  ore bins. The rrew headgear put in  over- a year ago at the central station  which was formerly a continual source  of trouble and periodical breakdowns  has afforded a year of efficiency, peace  and contentment. The new orre forthe ore bins will have heavier shafting  and designed for heavier and severer  traffic which is bound to come as the  works are extended and the output  increased.  ORE PRODUCTION  The ore tonnage for the year- will  likely be found to exceed that of any  former year. Estimating December's  tonnage at 0000 tons (the exactarrrount  was not available at time of going to  press) it will show a total of 70,727 tons  for the year against 70,455 for the  highest previous year. The average  Continued on Pago Two  On  Saturday evening last,   December 27th,   the anniversary of St. John  the Evangelist,   the brethern   of Hedley Lodge,  No. 43, A. P. & A. M. held  their annual installation of officers fertile ensuing year.    The ceremony of  installing  the elective and  appointed  nfficeis of the lodge was performed by  W. Bro. A. Megraw,  and   the officers  placed   in   their-   respective   positions  were :  I. P. M.���������W. Bro. S. E. Hamilton  ���������W. M.���������XV. Bro. A. Crewman  S. W.���������Bro. O. H. Sproule  '  J. W.���������Bro. F. H. French  Chaplain���������W. Bro.   A. H.   Cameron  Treasurer���������Bro. E." D. Boeing  Secretary���������Iiio. H. G. Freeman  S. D.���������Bro. G. P. Jones  J. D.��������� \V Bro. A. Clare  S. S.���������W. Bro. J. D. Brass  J. S���������Bro. T. Laylanu  I. G.--W. Bro. W. J. Forbes  Tyler���������Bro. August Beam.  After the   work   within   the  lodge  was completed   and  the  closed,   the customary   banquet   was  held, wit'i  the newly installed Master  at the head of the board in the capacity of toastinaster.     After- the  standard  toasts for such occasions,   "The  King and the Craft"  and "The Grand  Lodge"' had been disposed of, the Master expressed  his opinion of the desirability of  dissociating   the standard  toasts from the convivial part if such  tennis applicable where intoxicating  liquors are excluded by by-law except  under restrictions that make its introduction  virtually impossible,  and no  further toasts  were  formally drunk.  The members present,   however, were  not only not deterred from contributing their share to  the enjoyment of  the  occasion but were called  upon in  turn, and the new plan was fourrd as  capable of giving a good evening's entertainment as tlie old.  POT IS BOILING  Great   Northern    Have   Got   Canadian  Rail-way Commission After Them  tyled  lodge  THE FARMER AND  THE MIDDLEMAN  The Grain Growers' Association a  financial-political organization from  the prairies went to Ottawa and talked a lot about the high cost of living,  the tariff and the middleman. The  fruit growers, vegetable growers and  stockmen who also waited on the  government had a different story to  tell and showed that if the selfish  wishes of the grain growers were gratified it would mean serious loss for by  far the larger number of those engaged in agriculture to please men - who'  made up less than 2% of the public in  Canada who would be effected.  But an Ottawa despatch puts the  attitude of the bumptious prairie  grain' grower in a still more interesting light and makes his strictures  concerning the middleman read rather funny.    It is given thus:  "Here is a fine sample of middlemen's  profits which send up the cost of living.  "The Grain Growers Grain Company pays a dividend of 25%. How  much does that put on wheat and  flour? Is it fair to say 25%. But  there are overhead and sales costs to  be adden 00 this. Would It be fair to  add another 25%?  "In other words 50% is added to the  price of grain by the Grain Growers  Grain Company. Is that a fair statement?.  "Roderick Mackenzie, who came to  Ottawa this week and slashed the  Government, declaring that the Conservatives were responsible for tho  high cost of living, is a prominent  stockholder of the Grain Growers  Grain Company. He gets for25% for  his stock. He is a middleman. He  raises the pi-ice ol* grain. He increases  the cost of living while trying to  blame others.  (1Meanwhile what do the farmers get  when the Roderick Mackenzies, their  proffessed friends, are getting 25 per  cent.?  The protest made by the people of  Similkameen valley against the action  of the Great Northern in curtailing,  the train service in- this valley has  been working nicely and before, long  is bound to produce gratifying results.  The first evidences of this which  came to hand were replies in response  to representations made from Hedley  tliiough the committee appointed by  the public meeting. The resolution  drawn up was despatched by wire to  Hon. Martin Burrell,at Ottawa and  to L. W. Shatford M. P. P. In a few  hours afterwards Mr. Shatford who  wsis in Vancouver replied stating that  the matter- would be laid by him before  the ministers and any other assistance  he could render- would be given. He  also advised sending ths resolution to  Hon.Martin Burrell as he had not  been informed thatsuch had been done  at the same time that it was sent to  him.  The next day a telegram was received from Hon. Martin Burrell  stating that he had discussed the matter with the Chair-man of the Railway  Commission and had been requested  by him to leave it in the hands of the  Commission. Mr. Burrell intimated  also that the people of Hedley and the  Similkameen valley could be assured  that he would give every assistance  possible to compel a resumption of the  daily train service. Following this  assurance from Mr. Burrell another  wire was received from Mr. Shatford  advising that he had been assured by  Mr. Burrell that the matter was in the  hands of the Railway Commission  and was receiving careful attention.  The latest assurance in evidence  that the leven is working is a message  which Mr. Andras, secretary of the  joint meeting at Princeton had received direct from Mr. A. D. Cart-  wright, secretary of the Railway Commission, conveying the information  that thu Commission had made a demand upon the V. -V. & E. Ry. Co. to  justify its action in reducing the train  service and advising that the Commission intended to press the matter to an early conclusion. The message from secretary O'artwright also  requested that the petition be sent to  A. H. McNeill solicitor forthe Great-  Northern Ry.  Thus it will be seen that our parliamentary representatives both at Ottawa   and   Victoria   have   rendered.',  prompt and 'whole-hearted assistance  and the Railway   Commission    have-  not regarded  the protest as frivolous  but the  very contrary.   In fact it is  preefcy evident  that the Railway Co.  realizes  by this  time that their Mr.  Doyle started something when he forgot all about the old adage which says  to  "let. sleeping dogs lie."    It was a  hasty ill-advised step to take and if  he has done it off his own bat and was  not specially advised fronrSt. Paul to  issue the   order   which he }did,  the  {.treat Northern  may require him   to  explain why he has   thus contrived  to get the Canadian. Railway Commission on their necks.  DUCAL DUCATS FOR CANADA  GENERAL NEWS  A mounted police expedition is being despatched to look for the explorers of the Karluk and find out whether- they are lost or not.  A couple of experts have been appointed to investigate the high cost of  livrng. They are John McDougall and  C. C. James,  both Dominion  officials.  London, December 17.���������The Times  comes very near the mark when it  hints that the Duke of Bedford may  follow the example of the Duke of  Sutherland and invest in Canada part  of several million sterling coming from  the sale of the nineteen acres of London's most valua ble sites in and around  Covent Garden.  The Duke sold, between 1909 and  1911, 20,000 acres of fenland in Cambridgeshire, realizing nearly five million dollars; also the Devonshire town  of Tavistock, with its water supply,  markets, Town Hall and other public  servrces and 8,500 acres, realizing $2,  930,000.  It is understood that a considerable  portion of this money has gone queitly  into Canadian Pacific and other high-  class Canadian securities and mortages,  the Duke thereby getting from 5 to 7  instead of from 2 to 3% on his capital.  ���������Monetary Times.  Sir McKenssie Bowell celebrated his  ninetieth birthday at Belleville, Ont.,  on December 27th. THIS HEDLEY GAZETTE, JAN 1, 1914.  mi  wmz  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  '   ]-u- Y.-Hr...; '..- .?'-M)i.  -    (United Status V............... .... '.'.5(1  Advertising Rates  Moiisiirouiciir,' 1'. lines to the ini.-li.  ILanil Notices���������Cortillc.Ues of improvement, etc.  S7.ll!) I'or Wl-day-notices.- and Sfi.OO for IlO-diiy  notices. "  . Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, ������l.(Xi for tine insertion, 2n cents for  oiieh subsequent insertion, liver one inch,  10 cents per line for lirst insortinu and (*>  cents per line for ouch subsequent-ini-oi-tion...  Transients payable in tidvnneu.  ��������� Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  $���������1.25; over 1 inch and up to 1 inches. If*. 1.00  Iier inch per mouth. To constant advertisers  taking larger 'space than four inches, on  application, rates will he given of red need  charges, based on size of space and length  of time. !-..- '   .7   .-  A. MEGRAW. Managing b'ditor.  for  Full Moon  Last quar.  lil  i:  1913  JAN  Now Moon  ��������� 'M  First quar.  1.  1914  Siiri. Mon. Tugs. Wed. Thu. Fri. Sat.  4  5  fi  11  12  13  IS  1!)  20  ������������������>*>  ���������>,!>  ���������>���������(  1-1  1  ��������� >  3  s  9  10  15  10  17  22  23  21  2!)'  30  31  EDITORIAL COMMENTS  Tlie soundest views we have yet seen  advanced  in   the   way   of assigning a  cause   for the.   high cost of living was  thai advanced by Hon. Martin Burrell  who is convinced   that it is merely the  working  out  of the- unerring   law   of  supply  and . demand.      Me   has   been  making  a close, .study of  thu'last census  ami   finds   abundant  evidence  of  tiaiisgi-esvion   of the   natural   order of  things   to invoke  the penalties  of the  the law   of supply  and demand.-'-The  census   figures show   that   the   nii-a'l  population    of   Eastern   Canada   has  been falling off and   the urban population has been increasing.    This lessening  of the  producers  of food   and increase   of consumers, of food can have  no other effect than that of increasing  the price of food stuffs.     He goes still  more in.detail into the census statistics  which indicate a most alarming reduction in the number of cattle, sheep and  swine kept  by the average  mixed farmer.     It is   very ti ue that  those  who  have stayed with the soil and who are  using their   wits to  direct their attention to   the raising  of  farm   products  that olferthe  prospect of the briskest  demand are  making  more money   today than ever they did, but that, only  helps to prove  that a lessening of the  production   of  food   products   and  a  marked increase in tho number of consumers  of food   lias made the cost of  living abnormally high.  ���������only constituted a lecord month  the year hut was the highest for one  month ever in-ide in the mill. But il  did not give the highest return in  amount of value. In that inspect  Jaiiuaiy   was   high    month,   but   the  I highest month in the history of the  mill was September 1012 when a tonnage of (IIOS tons and a value of $l(i.3S  per . ton pei'iiiuted a total mill recovery.of $9l(I0.!):"*..S.'>.  In August, we gave the gold production up to end of July for Medley,  $5,101,372.K7. Adding thereto the mill  'returns I'or the following four mouths  and the estimate of $(13,000 for December will bring the total production of  gold for l he Nickel Plate to the end of  .H>13,,approxiinalcly to .���������ji.*),-! 13,721.07.  IMPHOVKMKNTS  TO   PLANT  Reference has been made to new  buildings at the mine and repairs and  new equipment for tlie gravity tram.  There have also been improvements to  the plant in Medley. These have, been  principally about, the power house, for  there has been little if any change in  the mill. Anew hoist was installed  at the tipple to handle, the heavier  volume of freight traffic to the mine,  the old hoist being too light to he-depended on when subjected to heavier  strains. In the power house advantage was taken of the period of high  water to overhaul the steam plant-  after its long seige during the winter-.  The battery of boilers which were  each suspended from wooden beams  are now hung from iron girders and  these resting on concrete niers. Tli<-  section of the'powcr house which contained the boilers did not conform  with the rest of the' building and the  roof over the boilers was too low. This  section was therefore rebuilt so as to  conform with the rest of the building  which brought the roof several feet  higher than before.  The question of enlarging the mill is  at present in abeyance until the new  power plant has been completed and  in operation. Meanwhile, ho.wever,  ii large new rock breaker has been ordered and is now here awaiting installation although it is doubtful whether  sufficient [lower will be available to  drive it before the period of high  water conies around in a few months  to relieve, the situation.  CAMP HEDLEY OPERATIONS  IN 1913  ��������� Continued from page uuu  assay value for the year is also a. little  higher than the year before and is  likely to hold to about $12*05 per ton  although some months it had dropped  considerably. The tonnage and values  month by month are as follows:  Tons  milled  ..0002  .5020  .5507  . 0041  . 0007  . 00S7  Assay  value  i8M.ll  1-1.58  11.50  12.50  13.28  10.80  12.10  0.53  11.74  10.39  10.2S  10.50  Mill  recovery  .$81,721.00  81,008.80  79,821.00  75,535.40  70,700.80  00,319.00  71,141.00  50,187.40  03,790.40  00,595.20  05,775.20  03,000.00  Month  January..  February.  March....  April......  May.......  June..:...  July 5905  August 5892  September 5130  October 5830  November 0103  Dec. (estim't'd) 0000  The percentage of extraction for the  year- was 94 and 77 per cent of it is recovered  in  the  concentrates  and the  balance in the cyanide.    This does not  necessarily mean that there is no longer any free gold contents,   birt as the  alleged  lessening of free gold  caused  them to abandon amalgamation some  two or- three years ago, all  the free  gold  there may be in  the ore,   and  there appeals to be considerable   at  times, is caught with the concentrates.  It will he noted from the above, tonnage month by month that November  was high   month   in   regard   to   the  quantity of ore milled and  that -not  TIIK  POWER   SITUATION  At present- the available power is  that furnished by the auxiliary steam  plant and the natural flow of Twenty  Mile Greek at this season of' the year,  which is limited. for no pumping at Twenty Mile lake has been  done for two seasons nor will be done |  again. The main motive power at the '  present, therefore is Princeton coal,  and this will have to be relied on forthe next three months or more. Winter after winter has witnessed the  struggle from insufficient power, hub  at last deliverance is at hand. For the  next three or four-months, it is true,  the possibilities' are dire and general  superintendent Jones may be likened  to Tarn o' Shanter on his old grey  mare Meg, riding away from the  witches. Each of them is trying to  reach the running water. Tain made  "the key-stano.,o' the brig" bub at the  cost of old Meg's tail, for the poet tells  us: . '.-,'���������  -Ae spring brought all'her master bale  Hut left behind her aia grey tail"  It is another kind of spring that  Mr. Jones is trying to win, and Tam o'  Shanter didn't wish more ardently forthe Hoods of bonnie Doon than will  (i. P, tr> hear the boulders rolling  again in Twenty Mile.  A year ago the Gazette spoke of  "the greater power- questior.",which' is  the development of power on the Similkameen river and now we can point  to it as a matter already under way.  A gang of men have been at work for  several weeks excavating in the bed of  the river for the dam wliich is to cross  the river at a point a little below the  mouth of Twenty Mile, and a few days  more will sec them commencing to  put in the cement. The plan is to  have the dam completed before the  high water in the spring, and after  the frost comes out of the. ground  work will begin on the flume and  power house, and by tho time the 1914  supply of water in Twenty Mile has  begun to lose much of its effectiveness,  it is hoped that the new power- will he  ready. With the completion of the  new plant, the present power house  will become an electric sub-station and  compressor room. The power developed will be maximum 1800 horse and at  a voltage 'of 6600 volts, so that transformers will be needed at the present  power- house to reduce to 2300 volts  which is the unit of the generator in  the present plant. It is the intention,  however, to maintain both the present  steam plant and the present water-  plant intact.  purchase wliich was one of the. very  important events of 1912. Nothing  furl her has been done with the prop  erty since, as the time is not opportune and its exploration belongs to  I'tituie policy. This year however,'  witnessed similar exploration by diamond drill on properly in Twenty  Mile canyon to serve for bonds on various properties which arts held by a.  gioiip of capitalists made up principally of leading shareholders in the  Medley Gold Mining Company. Tho  camp was established at gieat difficulty and expense and faithful work  with three shifts was put in for about  four niont lis. Much valuable data was  seemed which has been valuable both  for the bond-holders and for the Hod-  ley Gold -Mining Company. They obtained compressed air I'min the Nickel  Plato dining the mouths when the  water power was strongest, and paiil  liberally therefor.. Work was closed  down about the end of Seplember and  we have been given to iilideisfand that,  satisfactory arrangements have been  made, between tin* bondholders and  the owners which will permit resiini-  'ing operation.- in the spring. The  amount expended on the properties  was something over $|(),()00.  WORK ON   T1IH  OltlidON  Another propel ty in I he camp which  witnessed faithful work during the  yeai was the Oregon on the east side  of the Similkameen aiid on the watershed between Sixteen and Eighteen  Mile Creeks. This property is owned  by a. syndicate repi cscnted locally by  Mr. F. II. French and all his associates are well-known heie being former  MedleyiH-s. Wink began with two   u in the early spi ing and was carried on until a few weeks ago. About  00 feel or more of tunneling was done  and also some sin face propeeting and  encouraging results wen- obtained.  THE BANK OF  1  78 Years in Business.   Capital and Surplus $7,786,683.  l SERVICE BUSINESS MEN APPRECIATE  The complete .'tud valuable service rendered by tlio  Bank of British North America litis secured and retained the accounts as well its the confidence ol: a goodly  projiortio n ol"' C'lnad.Vs prominent business men. The  same service awttitsyou, whether your account be large  or small, ,   .  Hedley  Branch,  C. P. Dalton, Manager  1  TAKE A LOOK AT OUR  WINDOW DISPLAY  FOR FREE GIFTS  Mnyi-r. thi! president of the Western  Federation of Miners was kidnapped  from Calumet, Michigan. As yet then-  is only his own story to explain the  manner- in which it was done, but the  a flair seems to have been very bad  tactics on the part of those opposed to  him.  THE CLIFTON OPERATIONS  In the Gazette's review of a year ago  reference  was made to the Windfall  WOMEN  BEAT MEN  AT  FINDING  BARGAINS  By HOLLAND.  fOMBN spend more money than men, and they  spend it wiser. They not only  buy most of, the articles used  in the home, but they also  buy for their children and of-  ten-for* their men folks.  Women also read the advertisements more than men  do. This makes them better  and safer buyers than men.  They have equipped themselves with the. knowledge  that makes them effective.  They know the best stores,  the best merchandise, the  best values. By reading the  advertisements women are  enabled to shop more economically, to make the money go farther  KNOWLEDGE IS  MONEY IN  DOING SHOPPING.  CREELMAN ������, LYALL  FRASER. BLOCK - HEDLEY, B.C.  YOU WANT THE, BEST  IT nUfly������ PAY  There are Two Kinds of Printing  The one is turned out by the man who believes that  anything fpjes, but the other by the one who values  the  reputation   of! his  establishment  too highly to  allow any -work to  go out which will  not do' 'him:  credit. '  There is just as  good work  being done  in country  offices as in the cities, and often as poor work in the cities;  as in the worst counti*y shops  .    In Prices  the country.office  can do just as well for  you and you save  the express.    The city printer may get  his stock a  trifle cheaper  by saving the local freight,  hut   -,  his rent and  other overhead  expenses are higher, and in <?,<  the end lie is  obliged to charge as much or more than the   *  country printer will charge for the same class of work.  THE  HEDLEY   GAZETTE  $    is prepared to  do any kind of work that may come along.  Y No order too small and none too large.  *    ���������  NOTICE  SIMILKAMEEN LAND DISTRICT  DISTKICT OK VAI.K  A. MEGRAW  NOTARY   PUBLIC  Conveyancer,   Real  Estate,   Mines,  Crown    Grants   Applied    For  Under  Lund   Act  and  Mineral Act.  Agent for:  Mutual Life of Canada.  Hudson Bay Insurance Co.  Maryland Casualty Co  Ocean Accident and Guarantee Co.  Office   at   HEDLEY,   B.  C.  ���������"PAKE Notice Mao Evelyn Haynes. oeciipa-  -1- tion married woman, of Fairview, intends to apply for permission to piircluiso  eighty acres of land in the Similkunieeii Land  Division as follows:���������  Commencing at tlie south-west corner of Lot  fiSKJs thence west forty chains, thence north  twenty chains, thence east foi-tycliuins, thenco  south twenty chains to point of commencement,  containing eighty acres more or less.  MAE EVELYN HAYNKS  per Vat. C. Haynos, agent.  November 21st, l!ll**. iS-10  County Court of Yale  A sitting of the County Court, of Yale will be  held at the Court Bouse,  Pi-ineoton.Tuesil.iy,  (ith day   of   January,  li)U,   at   the   hour   of  2 o'clock in the afternoon.   By command.  HUGH HUNTER  -15-4 Registrar County Court.  ADVERTISE   IN   THE    GAZETTE  Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations.  COAL milling rights of tho Dominion, in  Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  tho Yukon Territory, the North-west Territories and in n portion of the Provineo of-'Bri-',  tish Columbia, may be leased for a tovdi of  twenty-one years at an annual rentallef SI tin  acre. .Not more than ������������������*..*>'"'.) acres will bo leased  to one.applicant.  , Application for a lease must be made by tho  applicant i" person to the Agent or Sub-Agent  of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal sub-divisions ol!  sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract  applied for shall bo staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a  fee of So which will be refunded if the rights  applied for aro not available, but not otherwise. A royalty shall bo paid on the merchantable output of the mine at tho rate of five cents  per ton ��������� ���������        . ���������  The person operating the. mino shall furnish  the Agent with sworn returns accounting: for  the full quantity of merchantable coal mined  and nay tho royalty thereon. If tho eonl mining rights arc not being operated, such returns  should be furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights,  only, but the lessee may be permitted to pur-,  chase whatever available surface rights mn.y>  be considered necessary for tbc working of the  mino at tho rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should bo  made to the Secretary of the Department of  the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-'  Agent of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of tho Interior.  N.B.-Uuauthorized publication of this adver-'  tisement will not bo paid for. il-finr  TRY THE  Hedley Gazette  for  Fine Job Printing THE HEDLEY GAZETTE JAN 1. 1HU*..  I  Town and Distrfcl.  Don't forget the hospital -ball���������a  ���������masquerade���������on January 2ilr-d.  The liig now crusher cainc in on .Saturday last. It is likely to be placed at  the ore bin.  County Court will be held in Princeton before   bis honor Judge Brown on  'Tuesday next, Oth inst.  -   G'etldes Lyall anil  Jack eanie  down  from   Princeton   to  spend   Christinas  with their father and mother.  It is   haul to get out of the habit of  slipping'in that old   "lDl.'i"  but we'll  ' get on to   the  new   pattern   in a few  ' weeks more.  Jim  McNulty  pulled   up   at   Philadelphia  for- Christmas   and   a   letter  /.'j-om   him to  F. II.   French  indicates  //uhat he is  having a good   time   there  among his relatives.  There was good golfing on the greater part of the links  over- the week-end  .and it  was   taken   advantage   of  by  ���������quite a few.    On  some of the  holes  sheltered  from the  sun a diaphanous  ���������dressing of snow  made it too hard to  find the balls.     ,_ '*    '  , Rev.   A." H. CamerOn  was reminded  ���������of the Christinas season  by gifts from  his friends  in Kerciueos and  Hedley.  The   gift from   the  former  took   the  form  of a new buggy'and harness and  the latter expressed- their good will in  legal tender to the value of something  -over $50.  : There  was  a   large attendance   on  Sunday evening last at the Anglican  service owing of the special Christmas  music  which  it had   been  announced  was to be provided. "Mrs. J.A. Brown of  Keremco*- and Rev.G.D. tiriffith sang  special selections whichdelighted those  who attended.  There was fair skating on Christmas  Day especially in the evening. In the  ��������� afternoon it was a trifle too soft and  only two hours were allowed. The  rise of temperature on Saturday and  Sunday was a.bit..ominous, softening  it up considerable and threatening, to  ���������demolish it altogether, for there is no  great thickness to fall back on.  theless Mr. Critchley and his family  were not ont of a turkey after' all'-for  George Walker gave a' practical  demonstration of his opinion of the act  by purchasing a good big .turkey and  making the family a present of it.  A reply was received from the Attorney General's Department in reference to the case in which 13. IS. Burr  was given a nominal fine for shooting  a mountain goat while in possession  of only .-inordinary firearms licence.  The. reply is to the* effect that no other  course was open to the presiding magistrate than to convict under the circumstances. As nothing was said regarding thu smallness of the fine imposed when the maximum is placed at  $800, it looks as if the Attorney-General's Department saw some features  about the case calling for lenience.  "Meanwhile they are ��������� of the opinion  that anyone who is sufficiently interested in game to take out a licence  and go hunting should know that a  goat is not a deer and that nothing  contained in the Game Act or Orders-  in-Council encourages the belief that'  it could over be regarded as such. It  will be well therefore that all hunters  should note the. views of the department in this case and avoid becoming  liable under the act in a similar ma rimer in the future.  ,������$]  %  I  Now is the time to procure your Christmas Fruits  while the selection is complete and the goods fresh.  Below are a few of the lines we have just received:  METEOROLOGICAL.  'The following are the readings showing temperature, etc., for the week  ending Dec. 27, 1913:  AT THE MIXE.  M  iximum '  Minimum  Dec 1-1  22  12  15  , ,  21  12  1(5  , .  20  12  17  . ,  30  12  IS      c  . ,  23  11  10  20  ,13  20  91  16  Average, maximum temperature 22.85  Average minimum do        13.  Mearr temperature 17.92  Rainfall for the week     .00 inches. '  Snowfall   '   "     ' ���������; 2.00  COKKESI'ONDrNG WEEK OI-' LAST YEAK  .Highest maximum temperature 30  Seeded Raisins    Peels  Sultanas Dates  Currants Figs  Shelled Nuts  Molasses  Fresh Fruit  The work on the dam which has  been moving along rapidly with day  and night shifts was interrupted on  Tuesday when the witter trot the best  ���������of'the'rn until more pumping plant is  installed. Tho big pump formerly  used at the lake is being got in position and it will be assisted with two  ���������other pumps that maybe used as required.  ' Dan "McKinnon returned to Loomis  ��������� bj'" Saturday's train after spending  Christmas with his friends in Hedley.  He is working on the Ivanhoe property in Loomis where development is  in.'progress. Nothing is being done in  the. Palmer Mountain tunnel in that  place upon which so much money w-as  ���������expended years ago.  The trains keep turning up late and  it is quite evident that the new Doyle  programme is putting things sadly out  ���������of joint. Saturday's train was an  hour late from the south, and returning it did not turn out of here for Oroville until, about six o'clock when it  was due to leave at 2:55. If the crews  are to get double pay for over-time it  is difficult to figure out where the saving is going to come in. Possibly Sir.  Doyle has discovered soineplan to put  the interest on half time as well as the  train crews.  Postmaster Etches of Keremeos was  in Hedley on Christmas evening. He  was here   somewhat   in   the   role of  j Santa- Clans   for he  brought in a big  I'! sack of mail for Hedley that we would  not have received until Saturday if he  had not done so.   It must be mention-  '! ed also that D. J. Innis had a share as  well in the neighborly thoughtful act  for he supplied the team and buggy to  [j- bring it through. The mail which was  brought in was what had been brought  over from Penticton by   the Wei by  p stage. On Sunday Mr. Innis also  brought up a sack containing what  came over by Saturday's mail.    These  ;. obligenreuts are appreciated and are  I right in line with the true Christmas  spirit.  A dirty trick was played.on James  Critchley orr the night of December  23rd. He bad boon feeding a couple of  turkeys for Christmas and they were  taken out of his yard. The killing bad  apparently been done at the bridge  over Twenty Mile orr Webster St. and  after- that they were carried down  Scott avenue where the blood on the  sidewalk showed the trail to the corner of Scott and Irene. There was no  trick nor joke about the thing. It was  I simply a low-down theft and it is not  at all unlikely that the necessary evidence to bring the thing fully home  may soon be coming.    There is some  j vagging that should be done irr the interests of the town as a whole. Never-  Average maximum do 27.28  Lowest minimum do 12.  Average minimum' do 10.57  Mean     , do- 22.78  AT THE MILL.  Maximum Minimum  Dec U .. 30 .. 17  15 17 ..* 1(3  10 ...     28 .. IS  17 25 .. 1(3  18 .. 23 .. 21  19 29 .. 32  20 .. 3!) .. 28 ���������  Average maximum temperature 29.28  Average minimum do 21.59  Mean do 25.33  Rainfall for the week ��������� .00 inches  Snowfall        "      "          .61  COHIlESPOXDING  WKBk'OK LAST YEAR  Highest maximum temperature 1.0  Average do do 32.71  Lowest minimum do 11..  Average do' do     ".'24.54-  Mean       . do ;        28.49  Biscuits and Confectionery  XMAS PRESENTS  Handkerchiefs   and  dainty articles  in , silks  and  linen, neckwear, hosiery, etc.  Fancy China, Cut Glass, Cutlery, Etc.    Skates and  skating* requisites  A HANDSOME SINGER SEWING MACHINE  will be given away absolutely free to the person holding tlie  correct key when all tlie'keys are called in; one will be given  . with every $2 cash purchase until all the keys are given out.  PHONE NO 8.  SCOTT AVENUE  EASY CUBE ROOT RULE  Can yon, without pencil or paper,  ;do a little problem in cube root; that  is, can you treat it as mental arithmetic? It is very easy. Forget all  the rules in arithmetic books and  consider for a moment the following  method described by an English  mathematician:  First   of   all,    it   is   essential     to  memorize  the cubes of the  numbers  from 1 to  9.-   The cube  of 1 is  1, of 2  is 8, of 3 is 27,  of 4 is 64, of 5 is  125,  of 6 is.210,   of 7. is 313, of S is 512,  of 9   729.    Observe   that   the    cubes  of 1, 4, 5, (i and 9 end with 1, 4. 5, 6 and  9; that the  cube  of 2 ends in S and  that of S in 2; that of 3 in 7,  and  that  of 7 in 3.    When   you  have a number  of which you  must extract the cube  root look first at the  thousands.    For  example, take the  number of 1S5,193.  The thousands are 1S5.    The cube of  5 is 125, of 6, 21(5; therefore it is obvious  that the number you  want is between  50 and 00,   Ignore all the other figures  except the last.    This being a 3 you  know that  your  last figure is 7.     So  the answer is 57.  Take again the number 12,167. In  the top line of thousands are 12.  The cube of 2 is S; of 3, 27. Therefore the first figure must be 2. Again  skipping to the last figures a 7, you  know you want a 3, giving 23 as the  cube root of 12,107. In the same way  a moment's thought will give you  25 as the cube root of 15,625. And  the answer 23���������25. It is probably by  this method that many of the phenomenal "lightning calculators" work.  [The utility of above rule will he  found to be greatly circumscribed  when it is seen that it will only work  in the case of numbers that are perfect cubes of integers.���������Ed]  ill  I  m'  m  m  $250.00 will buy a Glioiee  Residential Building*Lot on  Daly Avenue  HI  ip  m  M  4$%  m  Don't Pay Out Good Money for Rent: When You  Can Own a House of Your Own  THE HEDLEY CITY TOWNSITE COMPANY, Ltd.  m  p*f  m  m  M  m  *ss#*-  ill!  F. H. French, Secretary and Manager  HEDLEY, B.C.  PALACE,  Wvery, feed & Sale Stables    HB.DI.EY   ". C.    If A good stock of Horses and Rigs on  Hand.   II Orders for Teaming  promptly attended to.  Office of Dominion Express Gompanu.  WOOD   FOR   SALEi  I'hotioU. D.J.  INNIS Proprietor  mPl%K*rM*KKKWM*K������l.*lK*.������M������i>'iXX.  Plumbing- and Heating-, Sheet   I  Metal Work Tinsmithing-  Shop corner-Angela Ave. and Bridge  St.,   in 'Murdock's blacksmith shop.'  Work guaranteed.   Consult us about your work  H. DIGNAN  Practical Workmen .        Proprietors  PRINCETON, B. C.  The new government elevators have  proven a large factor- in preventing  the grain blockades which have proven so costly in former year?.-  General   Blacksmith  Horse-shoeing and all  Blacksmith Work  Promptly attended to.  Pipe-fitting done.  Haynes St., Hesclloy.  ^���������^^���������^J^>������t*"������J������i������l������l������'iiJ������'i������lfilaa������'i������'i������S������5ftti������3������Si  ENCOURAGE   HOME   INDUSTRY  NOTICE  HIMILKAMEKN LAST) DISTKICT  rirsTurcT ok vai.e  ���������TAKK Notice that Alfred Row-berry, of Fair-  -^ view, occupation Itnneher, intend*' to apply for permission to purchase the following  described lands:���������  Commencing tita post planted at the southwest corner ofC. I). Carr's applicntion to purchase thence north 10 chains, thence west 20  chains, theneo south 10 chains, thence cast HO  chains to pointof commencement containing  80 acres more or less, for pasturage.  Nov. 22nd. 1913  ALFRED R0WJ3ERRY  per Val. C. Haynos, agent,  48-10  NOTICE  SIJIILKAJIEEN LAND DISTRICT  niSTKlCT OK YAI.K  rPAKK Notice that Christopher Donoghuo  *��������� Can-, occupation Rancher intends to apply for permission to purchase eighty acres of  land in the Similkameen Land Division us  follows:  Commencing at a post planted forty chains  west of the north west'eornor of Lot6!i8s,-thoneo  west forty chains, thonco south twenty chains,  thence east forty chains, thenco north twenty  chains to the point of commencement containing eighty acres more or less.  CHRISTOPHER D. CARR  per Vol. C. Hoynes, agent.  Nov 2lHfc, 1913 18-10 THE HEDLEY GAZETTE.    JAN 1, 1911.  KEREMEOS, the Centre of Lower Similkameen���������Famed for Fruit Growing  Town and Lower Valley.  D. J. Innis drove to Hedley and  back Sunday.  Mrs. Hans Richter was up from Clio-  paca on Tuesday.  McLaren Clarke rode over to Hedley  on Sunday the 28th.  Don't forget the Assembly dance tomorrow evening. 2nd inst.  Mrs. J. A. Brown left Kriday to  spend ;i few days with friends at Hedley. *     -  The fancy work and sewing club  will meet at the home of Mrs. .1. YV.  Armstrong on Wednesday.  Mis. Boyd and children of Hedley,  spent Chi istnias as the guests of Mr.  and Mrs. J. K. Madore.  Miss Violet Honeywell went up to  Princeton on Tuesday to spend a few  days with the Misses Mi-ausette.  The Ladies Aid will meet at the  limine of Mrs. W. H. Cameron. Monday, 5th. of January. All members  ft re asked to make a special effort to  attend.  Mrs. Sam Manery came over from  Kelowna on Tuesday the 30th. with  her baby daughter to spend the holidays with her husband's parents at Similkameen.  Don't forget that you can havo your  skates sharpened in first class shape at  "Madore's, the blacksmith. Skates !  Skates 1 Skates. Get the edge put on  them at the blacksmith shop. .1. F.  "Madore, proprietor.  At the Presbyterian Church last  Sunday Rev. A. H. Cameron had a  splendid turnout to his morning service. Two solos were beautifully sung,  one by Mrs. Thos. Daly and the other  by Miss Florence D-.ily.  The correspondent of these notes  wishes to thank one-and-all, for the  help he has received in getting together notes for the paper for the past  year and hopes everybody will find a  a bright and happy New Year.  Messts. Cutler, Jordan and Klein-  chay, of Oroville, Wash., who have  the contract forthe addition on the  Donald McCallum residence, came in  on Friday's train and started right  away to make the chips fly.  Mr. and Mrs. M. J. Beckett who  have been visiting with their son inlaw and daughter,. Mr. and Mrs. Geo.  Graham, celebrated their golden wedding recently and received the congratulations of many friends.  Mrs. Kirby and daughter Mildred  left on Friday for Alberta. 'Miss"-Kit-by  will start studying at the.Alberta  Ladies College at Red Deer1 after the  Christmas holidays and Mrs. Kirby  wiil join her husband at Lacombe.  Albert Mattice who marketed this  year- 1250 boxes of apples most of  which went to the Winnipeg market  has the satisfaction of knowing that  Iris fruit has given complete satisfaction and lie has yet to hear a single  complaint.  Hill Innis of Hedley spent Christmas  day at home with his mother, sisters  and brothers. Sidney Edwards accompanied him as far as Keremeos  and from here went down to spend  the Christmas with Mr. Manery and  family at Siniilkameen.  Always deal with those who think  enough of your trade to ask for it, and  the surest way to get the worth of  your- money is to read carefully the  announcement of those who invite  your' trade in their advertisements.  The day is past when merchants advertise what they are not prepared to  carry out.  Turkey Shoots took place at both  the Centre and Keremeos. Both were  well attended. Many turkeys, geese  and chickens were distributed. The  shooting was good, bad, indifferent,  according to the brand tl/������ shooters  were using. Sometimes the bulls eye  was too large and sometimes it was not  on the paper at all, but everyone had  a good time anyway.  Christmas Day was observed in its  ever- cheery fashion. Each home was  happy and bright, on this, the most  glorious day in the year, when all  meet each other with a good old  fashioned "Merry Christmas" and  hope you will have a good time. The  bachelors had no cause to be lonely,  for they were all out at various homes  in    the   vailey,   partaking   of  good  Christmas cheer/and having a jolly  homelike time.  There has been a fruit war among  the Winnipeg wholesalers and many  of them have been cutting prices. No  great quantity is held by them in  stock and it is expected that in a week  or I wo prices, especially of fruit of the  excellent reputation which the Keie-  meos fruit has earned will be in strong  demand at the top notch market price.  Mr. Cunningham, inspector of fruit  pests, who gave Keremeos a clean bill  of health last summer and pronounced  our fruit absolutely free from disease  of any kind, has recently issued a note  of warning to growers here to be on  the lookout for lire blight. This disease was very prevalent in the Okanagan last summer and got down that  valley as far as Kaleden. It is therefore up to the growers in this valley  to be on the lookout. 1 hose who are  in the habit of buying much stock  from the. outside whether in fruit  trees or in shrubs and plants of different kinds are running the greatest  risk of bringing in the disease.  The  Christmas Tree  entertainment  held by the school at Olallaon the 23rd  was the tnostsuccessf ully accomplished  of   any  of  the  Christmas  Entertainments m the past.   The success of the  affair is due  to Mr. J.   C.  Slater who  di-rserves    great   credit,    for he   has  worked  long  and    faithfully getting  the children prepared for  their parts  and it must have been a great pleasure  for him to see his scholars go through  their parts  so  well.    Before entering  on   the  programme  a  telegram    was  read from  St.   Nicholas,  announcing  that he had left Hope with a.   team of  sixteen    reindeer   and    would   reach  Olalla   in    good   time.    The   interval  prior to his arrival was filled  up with  the     following      prograine.     1    The  School,   Singing,    Poor   Old Farmer-  John; 2 Rosie Marsel, recitation,  The  wreck of the Orpheus; 3 Charles Brewer,   recitation,  The   adventures of a  Bachelor; i Fraser Marsel,  recitation,  God save the King; 5 Mrs J. C. Slater-,  recitation,   Papa's Letter;   6 Harriet  Cohen,'recitation,  The  wreck of  the  Julie Plante; 7 Gelia Verdon, recitation  Little Hands; 8  Wm.   Cohen,   recitation, The Big  Brother; 9 Six smallest  students,    Dialogue,  Cock  Robin;  10  Sarah Mar*-el,  recitation. The adventures of seven; 11 Mr.   Slater, reading,  Unbridled ambition; 12 George Brewer recitation,   The Brooklet;  13 The  School, singing,  The  Maple  Leaf;  14  Joe  Cohen,  reeitation,   Hohenlihden;  15 Annie Verdon, recitation,  The Tippler;    16   Frank   Marsel,    recitation,  He made' them;  17 Webbie Chase, A  Terrestrial  Dialogue; 18  Leo Marsel,  recitation, The cloud; i9 Rosie Marsel,  recitation,     Barbara      Frietchie;   20  Rosina Cohen,    recitation, The Lost  Baby;  21  Ida Brewer,   recitation,   A  vision of St Nicholas. The programme  tit this point was interrupted  by  the  abrupt entrance of Santa Claus, who  claimed that his team could not wait ;  needless to add tire children were not  very anxious that there should be any  delay in  serving but the good things  which  he   brought.    A   much   more  than   ordinary    generous   supply of  gifts were doled out from his pack,  after which Santa and his gay team  sped on.     A gay half hour was spent  inspecting  the gifts after  which  the  National Anthem closed an evening's  entertainment that will be long   remembered  by the wee tots of Olallas-  buig.     A   noticeable   feature  of the  evening was the decoration and arrangement of the room and Christmas  Tree for which the ladies of the district deserve the credit.   Mr, Verdon  kindly helped out at intervals during  the   evening   with   his  fine  gramophone.  ALFALFA IN  ORCHARDS  b. By making more plant food  available.  c. By loosening hard subsoils.  d. Increasing water holding capacity.  e. Asa soil cover during hoL, dry  parts of tho season.  ALl-'ALFA DIRECTLY JJ EXE PITS  ��������� Till":    THEE  a. Prevents rampant excessive  wood formation.  b. By checking wood growth increases permanent as well as early  fruitage.  c. Prevents winter- injury by causing early maturity.  d. Increases the color and quality  of most orchard fruits.  e. In pear orchards is recognized as  one of the approved methods of combating pear blight.  f. In .apple orchards is the most  satisfactory remedy known for- rosette,  little leaf, or winter .desiccation.  ALFALFA    IX TIIK    OKCHARD  MAY    HE  MADE   A  SOUKCE    OF   INCOME  a. By compelling earlier and better fruitage.  b. By producing from two to eight  tons of marketable or usable hay per  acre.  , Just as alfalfa in orchards may become highly beneficial as avi-11 as financially profitable, there is danger of it  becoming very detrimental to the permanent good of the orchard. Examples of this kind are frequently found  where alfalfa is sown among very  young trees or too close tq-trees that  are not especially vigorous. Another  danger* is sometimes seen in , over-irrigated orchards, especially where  large quantities of water are applied  for the benefit of the alfalfa regardless of the welfare of the trees.  Under no circumstances should  alfalfa be sown in non-irrigated orchards unless the soil is exrternely well  sub-irrigated.  1  LOOSEN  OUT  "No matter what tightwads  we may have been clur-    "  ing  the  year,  we must till loosen out   a bit  when  Christmas time comes ai'ound. We want our friends  to feel that we have some kindly interest in themp  and the usual way of communicating that sentiment  is by some  Little  Act   of  R���������^rri^rTilt>ra.ric-&  In our stock we have a hundred and one things that  will just fit in for that one little act.  Q  *������*������������������  Gome- Around  and  See What AAI& Have  FRANK  RICHTER   ESTATE  "OUR MUTUAL  FRIEND"  When   this expression  is  used   some  Canadians in stantly think  of Charles  Dickens' much-loved masterpiece.  Others associate the words  with The  Mutual Life Assurance  Company  of  Canada, and with reason, for  It is the only Mutual Life Insurance Company incorporated in the  Dominion. j  It solicits only Canadian business.*  It invests only in Canadian Securities, and  It has paid to Canadian families,;  often in times of direst need $12,800-  000 since its foundation in 1870.  For these and other reasons Canadians  refer to  THE MUTUAL LIFE ASSURANCE, 60., Of CMflDft  as Our Mutual Friend  *   The colonv of Newfoundland is in-  ������  ������  ������  CLOSING    OUT    SALE 1  As the Keremeos Land Company's Ranch has  been sold, all the Stock and Farm Implements  must be disposed of.     Now is  your chance to  secure a Bargain.  HORSES  1 Bay Horse, 9 year old about 1400 lbs; 1 Chestnut  Mare, 10 years old about 1500 lbs; 1 black Mare, (>  year old in foal; 1 Bay Horse, 10 year old; i Bay  Mare, 6 year old with 6 month's colt; 1 Chestnut  Mare, 9 old; 1 Mare Colt, 15 months; 1 Horse colt  16 months; all in first-class shape,  FARM IMPLEMENTS  1 spring-tooth harrow, 1 light draft harrow, 1 circular harrow, 1 diamond drag harrow, 1 gang plow,  with 3-8m hold boards; 12 inch oak plow, 2 mowing  machines, 1 hay rake,. 2 wagons, 1 hay rack, 1 disc  harrow, 1 post hole digger, 1 blacksmith vice, 1  buggy, 2 sets of work harness, 1 set of single harness, picks, bars, shovels and other articles too numerous to mention.  KEREMEOS LAND COMPANY  ������  ���������*������  ������  ������  ������-  ������  ������  ������  ������  ������  ������.  ������    if  ������  ������  ������  J. A. BROWN  Notary Public  CONVEYANCING-, CUSTOMS BROKERAGE,  FIRE  INSURANCE  eluded.  W. J. tWISS  Manager for B.C.  A. Megraw  Local Agent  The seeding of orchards to alfalfa  has in the past been regarded by most  orchardists as a hazardous risk for the  best good of the orchard in the future.  However-, later and more thorough investigation re veal striking advantages  in favor of alfalfa in orchards under  certain definite conditions. In fact,  many examples are now on record that  go to prove, without a doubt, that profitable rnturns maybe realized from  alfalfa as inter or mulch crop in the  orchard.  Analysis of the benefits of alfalfa  in orchards shows a three-fold advantage to this method for orchat d/tillage.  A brief summary is as follows:  FOR THE  GOOD  OF THE SOIL  a.   By adding nitrogen and humus.  THe London Directon  (Published Annually)  Enables traders throughout the world  to communicate direct  with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of goods. Besides being  a complete commercial guide to London and its suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the   Goods they ship,  and the  Colonial and  Foreign   Markets they  supply;  STEAMSHIP   LINES  arranged  under the Ports to which  they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading  manufacturers, merchants,  etc., in the principal provincial towns  and  industrial  centres  of the United  Kingdom.  A copy of the current addition will  be forwarded , freight paid, on receive  of Postal Order for 20s.  Dealers seeking Agencies can adver-  their trade cards for ������1, or larger advertisements from ������'H.  OFFICE  KEREMEOS. B.C.  R. H. EOGERS,  M.A., B.C.L.  BARRISTER, SOLICITOR,  " NOTARY PUBLIC, ETC  Vernon, B. C  +^r**V^**<&f\r?  Hotel Keremeos  Opposite G. N. R. Station  MRS.  A. F. KIRBY,   Proprietress.  H.C.N. ETCHES  is Agent for the Hedley Gazette in  Keremeos and authorized to book  Subscriptions and take orders for-  job work and advertising.  POST OFFICE,  KEREMEOS, B. C.  The London Directoru 60. Ltd.  25, Abchurch Lane, London, E. C.  When   writing Advertisers  Mention the Gazette.  Please  KeremeosPeiiticton  Royal Mail Horse and Auto Stage.  Establish 1805  Leaves Penticton for Keremeos  on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday returning alternative days  KEREMEOS- PENTICTON  ������ TU/EDDLE'S  AUTO STAGE SERVICE  >   Tweddle's cars are   comfort-  i        able.   Tweddla's drivers  \ are experts.  No delays. No accidents  Autos leave Penticton every morning to connect with trains to Hedley,  Princeton. Coulniont. Orovillo and  all Boundary points.  Leave Keremeos for Penticton on  arrival of Great Northern trains  Fare��������� single $6.00  RETURN $11.00  liaggagc carried. Commercial trunks  arranged for  Break the monotony of train and  boat travel and take an auto trip.  "When you arrive at'Penticton or  Korcmeort ask for  TWEDDLE'S AUTO STAGE  Curs Call lit all Hotels  SILKS  Large Assortment of choice Silk Dress  Goods, Silk handkerchiefs etc.  for sale at right prices  TOilMY S1NQ, Keremeos  FARE -Auto Stage, $6,00.     Horse  Stage, $1.   Horse Stage, 2nd class, $3.  Special  trips to any point with  horses or auto rrrade at any time  by arrangement.  W. E. WELBY, Prop., Penticton, B.C.  TUMP PULLERS GUARANTKEI)  Pulling green stumpS and trow 21 to  18 inches diameter, prices $50.00 up,  (make your own terms). Our $8.00  WELL-llOltEl*. cap. -20 to flO feet  keep nor dav, or 400 post holes per  day. (WKITE). TIIK DUCREKT  ST. PULLER AND TOOLS MI-'C1.,  I'UUNSIDE ROAD, VICTORIA,  It. C.  Advertise in the  Hedley Gazette  and watch Results  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of all  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing land, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremeos, B.C.  J. F. MADORE  General Blacksmith  and Woodworker  Horseshoeing a Specialty  All Work Neatly and Promptly  - - - Executed   KEREMEOS,       -      British Columbia  SUBSCRIBE FOR THE   GAZETTE

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