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The Hedley Gazette Feb 8, 1917

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 /��������� ~3-' /r*J*ffjJr\I "'"-.J-..,'.**  il-_-^    ���������������������������Vt",, -     1. f  'i''  -'  .. f ���������   ���������'  If'.  ribia,^L^-Aimbjy  Volume XIII.     Number 3.  HEDLEY, B.C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY S,  1017.  $2.00, In Advance  Travel by Autocall up Phone No. 12  f A good stock of Horses and Rigs on  Hand.   H Orders for Teaming  ���������    promptly attended to.  WO OD   FOR   SAL El  .PALACE  Livery, Feed & Sale Stables  Phone 12.  HKDLBY   B. C.  D. J. INNIS  Proprietor  N. THOMPS  N PHONE SEYMOUR 5913  -   MGR. WESTERN CANADA  Cammell Laird &,Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturers  Sheffield,- Engf."  Offices and Warehouse. 847-63 Beatty Street  Vancouver, B. C.  THE     MINISTER     OF     FINANCE  f  REQUESTS  THE  PEOPLE    OF    CANADA    TO  BEGIN NOW  TO  SAVE" MONEY . FOR   THE  NEXT WAR LOAN  JAN. 9.  1917  -             -'                                                DEPARTMENT OV FINANCE  OTTAWA  R. F������. BROWN  British Columbia Land Surveyor  Teu No. 27 P. O. Dkawer 1G0  PENTICTON,  B. C.  P. W. GREGORY  CIVIL' ENGINEER and BRITISH  COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building       -       Princeton  WALTER CLAYTON  C.   E.   HASKINR  CLAYTON & MSKINS  Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.  MONEY TO L.OAN  -PENTICTON,        -        B. C.  DR. J. L. MASTERS  DENTIST.  OFFICE IN COVERT BLOCK.  Oroville,  Wash  tts*M*MraM*feai**ra������4*ra?***'-*'*^y  ft* bV  Grand Union |  Hotel  HEDLEY,   British Columbia  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  of Liquor and Cigars  I  A.   WINKLER,     Proprietor,  X  I  I  I  1  x  *������S''WW**������*������*'*'*'W������***W������ll������'>.������*  pc:  HEDLEY 1EA?  MARKET  a ��������� b a  oC  All kinds of fresh and  cured meats always on  hand.* Fresh Fish on  sale   every   Thursday.  R. J. EDMOND, Prop.  GREAT  NORTHERN  HOTEL  HEDLEY B.C.  Bar and Table the Best.   Rates Moderate  First Class Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor.  Annual Mines Report*.  The following extracts are  -taken- from the " Preliminary  Review and Estimate of the B.  O. Bureau of Mines for 1916,"  published by the Department  of Mines:  MINERAL PRODUCTION.  ' Gold,|$5,389,229; silver, $2,099,-  838; lead, $3,186,773; copper,  $18,429,924; zinc, $3,648,589; eoal,  $7,093,352; coke, 1,622,850; building materials, etc., $1,500,000; a  total of $42,970,555, an increase  of about thirteen millions over  1915. There was a decrease in  gold and building materials; all  others show a substancial increase over 1915.  OSOYOOS MINING  DIVISION.  . The Nickel-Plate- mine was.  again the main producer in this  division. It is expected that  the tonnage of ore mined and  milled in 1910 was "about the  same as in the previous year,  which means that about 700,000  tons of ore would be treated,  yielding somewhere between  $700,000 and $800,000 worth'of  gold.  The company has during the  year changed the method of  treating tho ore so as to treat  it entirely at Hedley.  SIMILKAMEEN   DIVISION.  The metalliferous production  from this division during the  year 1916 has. been very slight,  but the developments at Copper  mountain, near Princeton^ make  it reasonably certain that a  considerable output will be  made in the near future. The  British Columbia Copper company has at length commenced  the actual work of opening up  and equipping its Copper mountain properties. The diamond  drilling and prospecting of previous years had definitely established the existence of a large  tonnage of low-grade copper  ore, so that all that remained  was to get the property in shape  for ore production. Owing Co  the nature of the ore it will  have to be concentrated, before  smelting, so the construction pf  a mill with a capacity of 100  tons a day is under way. This  mill will serve as an experimental plant, to decide the best  system of concentration to be  used, and will be one unit of  the 1000-ton mill which is planned for the mine.  Some work was done on the  Voigt properties in Voigt camp.  Exploration work was started  by the B. C. Copper company  on Kennedy  mountain  claims.  The Princeton Coal and Land  company very materially increased its output of coal and  it is now marketing about three  hundred tons a day.  TULAMEEN DIVISION.  A car of copper ore was  shipped from the St. George  claim on Bear creek, and another car from the Totem Pole  on Thynne creek.  On Granite creek little or no  placer mining was done this  year,  the  extreme high water  having washed out the -workings prepared for this mining  season.  On the Tulameen river a  small, back channel was worked  during the past season by J. A.  Schubert with three" men; 2,000  yards of pay dirt was washed,^  said to average 50 cents to the  yard, and, besides, a lot of outside work was done which wil/  enable the property to work to  advantage next year.  The Efangay Syndicate, represented by Spokane people,  has acquired two leases on the  Tulameen river, one below and  one above Bear creek. On the  lease below Bear creek a wing-  dam has been constructed 750  feet long, besides head-dam;  the river has been turned put  and a gasolene cfrfveii pump  has been installed to keep the  .workings dry..  A number of individuals have  worked the Tulameen river in  a desultory Avay with . rockers  and sluice-boxes, and they are-  said to have done well. The  very high market price of platinum is stimulating this individual work.  Hedley Patriotic Fnnds.  Following- is a .statement of  receipts and disbursements by  the Hedley Patriotic Funds  committee since its organization up to December, 1916:   <*'.'  RECEIPTS.  Subscribed 191+. . .$ 1,001.75  Subscribed 1915...    3,850.40-$ 4,852.15  Subscribed 1916���������-  ���������-������������������  Monthly........$10,272.65  Hamper fund...        226.15  Int. bank dep'st       141.33-10.640.13  $15,492.28  1 >1S a URSEMENTS.  Contributed  to  Canadian  Patriotic Fund���������  Year 1914 $ 1,001.75  .   Year 1910     9,027.20~$10,028.95  Contributed to lied  Red Cross-  Canadian, 1915..        598.60  British, 1915....        100.00-  Speciul ������id to Hedley   enlisted   men  mid dependents���������  1915 :        190.83  li������16         200.87-  Amouin expended for Christ-  inns bumpers and drafts  to Hedley men, 1916   Miscellaneous   598.00  403.70  350.01  113.49  Hedley General Hospital.  Following is financial statement for 1916 of the treasurer  of the Hedley General hospital  as presented at the annual  meeting:  Cash Act.     receipts.     Dec. 31, 1917  To Govt, fees  $  001 00  To Govt, grant      750 00  To hospital ball....      208 75  To donations  5 00  To Interest on Savings account.   ... 6 29  To D. R. Co. and H.  G. M. Co       823 10  To Sundry acts, rec     349 75 $2,744 19  To bank ovei draft  7 86  W. A. McLean has secured  the contract for driving the  tunnel on, the Oregon, and will  commence work in a week or  two. The tunnel will be driven  to strike the ore body at a  depth of about 100 feet.  The Hedley Board of Trade  will (D. V.) meet March 1927 for  the purpose of discussing the  best methods of removing the  fungi from sidewalks; also to  to memoralize the government  to reestablish a postoffice here  and compel the Great Northern  railway to unload and take on  passengers at least once a  month at or near the bridge.  The mail can get here by pack  train. Other relics left over  from 1917 will be discussed,  such as the automobile road,  opening of the non-agricultural  portion of the Indian reserve  for mineral location, daily mail  service, train connections, fthe  cleaning and dusting of G.' N.  passenger coaches at least once  a month, etc. ^  $2,752 05  DISBURSEMENTS.  By balance overdraft $   156 45  Wages $1,200 00  Mess!       562 55  Gen, expense..      116 6(i  ,    Laundry ."      17 10  *    F.' H. 'l\c-~zl:.  refund         10 00  Savings act...     500 29  Fuel        41 00  Med. supplies.       67 00  Property act.. 15 00  Balance Sheet, Dec. 31, 191(1.  ASSKTS.  Properly,      buildings, etc $4,368 19  Furnishings,    1,6-19 50  Savings bank act. 508 83  Acts receivable... 51155  Loss and gain (loss)     290 63��������� $7,334 50  LIABU.IT1KS.  Govt, granls $7,320 Oi  Hank overdraft... 7 SO���������$7,33t 50  I.OSS AND CSAIN ACCOUNT.  Expense act. Dr.  Wages.... $1,280 00  Mess act.. .-.*      562 55  Med supplies.... 67 00  Fuel, light, etc.. 221 15  General expense "��������� 110 37  Laundry        17 10- $2.23S 17  Refunds and bad acts  43 50  ���������To balance.  Earnings  Nursing.  Govt. faes....  Hospital',ball.  Donations...  Loss, 1910...  Ijiiss, 1915..  2,281 67    272 51  $2,554 13  Cr.  ...$1,442 80  ...      601 00  ...208 75  5 00���������$2,257 55  ....     at 12    272 51  Total disbursements..  Balance in Bank of B. N. A.,  Hedley, January 15, 1917..  $-  .$11,601.35  3,890.93  $15,492.28  H. D. Barnes    \Auditors  F.M.GiLLi5sriB)Aucl,tolb-  If you arc thinking of building this year I would be pleased  to give you a figure on Lumber,  Lath, Shingles, Sash and Doors  and Moulding.  F. M. Wright,  Cawston, B. C.  The war bulletins, such as  they are, have been resumed  over the government telephone.  The most important news in  the past week was the granting  of passports to German ambassadors by the United States.  Holland and Spain.  The Star theatre reopens  Wednesday next, 14th inst.  $2,55i 18  This is to certify that I have  examined the books of The  Hedley General Hospital Society and declare this balance  to be a true statement of their  affairs.    S. L. Smith, Auditor.  TOWN AND DISTRI6T  There will be a dance at the  Nickel Plate mine tomorrow  (Friday) evening.  Tex Burr us left last wock for  Kansas City, Mo., where his  mother is seriously ill.  V. Hunecke, for some time  assayer at the Daly Reduction  company's mill, left last week  for the south. M. C. Hill of  Trail takes his place.  The Sling, published by the  boys of a Canadian Field Ambulance, is the latest of the  latest of the army journals received at this office, courtesy of  Pte. A. B. S. Stanley. The Sling  contains much interesting reading, and is neat typographically  for the product or an English  printing house.  B. C. Fruit Growers.   -  Thos. Abriel of Nakusp, president  of  the  British  Columbia  Fruit Growers* association, on  his return  from  attending the  annual convention of the United.  Farmers of Alberta at Edmonton, gave to  the press of Calgary the following:  .   " The prairie farmers are well  organized and are doing a wonderful work in   bringing  about  better   conditions    throughout  the -three   western   provinces,  and  I am convinced  that the  fruit growers of British Columbia should cultivate  the friendship of these prairie people, for  there we must expect to   market the' larger proportion of our  fruit crops  every year.    There  is a .marked  difference  in the  spirit now  prevailing amongst  the farmers than a year ago re  garding B. C. apples.    They did  not know   our   exact position  and  when   explained   to them  they,   like   true  gentlemen,   as  every one  of  them are, agreed  that   we  had   a   very  difficult  problem to  face in  marketing ���������  our fruit.  "Calgary people asked me if  we were planning to put on another apple show this fall. This  I could not tell them, but I sincerely trust that every fruit  grower in our province will do  his share in trying to make this  event an annual one, because  we must show the purchasers  of our fruit what we have to  sell. We spend too much money  on our local shows which should  be used in promotion work at  the point of consumption, and I  would strongly urge that we ,  use some of the money, spent  locally throughout B. C. in promoting a bigger and* better  and bigger apple show in Cal  gary next fall.  "While visiting Calgary,and  Edmonton I was much impressed with the fact that our  campaign was so well thought  of and that our growers were  so broad minded and progressive as to adopt the most 'modern business getter' in the -present day commercial life.  "There is no doubt in my  rkind that every fruit shipper  inSBritish Columbia must contribute his $1.00 per car for  every car shipped out of the  provftice, to the general adver-  tisingyfund. and if we continue  along Vhis line we shall have a  fund tlhit;. will advertise our  fruit throughout Western Canada, as 'Sunkist Oranges' are  advertised from coast to coast.  We must put forth every e.5fovt  to carry this out next year,^ An  tho continuous di'opping '* of  water on a stone wears it away,  so will continuous advertising  throughout the West wear  any prejudices which the consumer may have against our  fruits."  Now that the United States,  Holland and Spain are no longer  "neutral," it remains only for  Andorra to declare herself and  the scrap is over.  . ���������j*������**-^**'-*-*' ''ti%>n?^?;<trf;%  Fjfiu'  .+���������*'  M>n^^t>tSv-^ll  n  ?'"<  GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,     B,     C,  Best Nerve Specialist  In England Was Consulted  But Nervous System Failed to Respond to  Treatment  Prescribed  .Nervous d'--orders frequently result  ���������from injury to the nerves in accidents or because of the shock to the  system.  The writer of this letter was injured in a niix-up with .sonic colts,  remain cd unconscious for three  weeks, and in spite of continued  treatment in hospital could not obtain restoration of the internal  nerves which control the action of  the digestive and other, vital organs.  He travelled to Europe and consulted  England's greatest nerve specialist.  Relief was only temporary, ia spite  of many treatments used.    **,  f-Tis fetter gives the facts* briefly  and tells how lie was finally cured by  iising Dr. Cliase'a Nerve Food. Can  you imagine any more severe test of  this great ncrv<- restorative?  Mr. Henrv F Venn, Ccfu Ranch,  Mafcikwa.  B.C.. writes: "Dr.  Chase's  Having met with a severe accident  seven 3-cars ago, from which X was  unconscious and which Jeft my  nerves in a very sore\plight, I was  treated by doctors galore and consulted one of the greatest nerve specialists in England, but nothing  seemed lo do mc much good, Hypo-  phosphites and, in fact, all and "every  kind of nerve mixture in almost every form was used, but never with  more than temporary benefit.  "But Dr. Chase's Nerve Food has  acted very differently, for it has  built up my nervous S3*-stem until I  feel like my old self again. If this  medicine will do for others what it  has done for 111c, I shall not regret  having written this letter. I have recommended the Nerve .Food personally to many, and shall always esteem its great restorative value."  Dr. Chase's Nerve Food, 50 cents a  The Annotated Guide  c.  Nerve Food has restored my nervous  box, all dealers, or Edmanson, Bates  srjslcni    and    given    me new health. I & Co., Ltd., Toronto.  Cost of Plowing  It has been estimated- that ii requires approximately. 10 horse-power  hours to turn :���������*������> acre of land. When  the team, goes at a good speed, one  plow will turn about two acres in 10  hours. This- will require that the  horses travel 176 feet per minute and  exert a continuous pull of 375 pounds  or 187.5 pound-, per horse.,  According to statistics compiled .by  the United States government, horse  labor costs 12 1-2 cents per hour. At  this rate 10 hours' work will cost  $1.25, which may be said to be the  average horse cost of plowing an  acre.  our LAvex  is  That's Why  You're Tared���������Oat of  Sort*���������Have no Appetite.  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  will put you right  in a few dcys,  They do  their du y.  Cure  Constipation,  Biliousness, Indigestion, and Sicfe Headache.  Small Pill,-Small Dose, Small! Price,  Genuine must bcoi Signature  Reims Cathedral Falling    * '     >  The Germans arc having their revenge on the Cathedral of Reims for  their losses at Verdun. They have  rc-taken to shelling the historic  structure. The other clay the 1.000th  shell struck it. The buttresses arc  giving way, and if the shelling continues the building is bound to fail  cntireh-. Working parties, who were  endeavoring to repair the breeches  caused bjr the fire of the encmj'*, were  aimed at. The unmilitary conduct of  .the enemy has been reported to the  Pope, who has appealed to the Kaiser  ^o give instructions to stop this vandalism.  P. K. Publication That Keeps  a  Record of the Progress of  - the West  No publication issued b.v the Canadian Pacific Railway is better  known all over 'the world than the  "Annotated Guide," describing every  station along Ihe line. Issued originally al the suggestion of Sir William  (Van Home, it has passed through  many editions and is now a fair-sized  book owing to the great increase in  the extent of the railway system. It  is interesting to look over the early  issues to see how Canada has progressed. In 1888, for instance, Winnipeg had a population of only 25,000,  Fort William 1,400, Regiua 800, Calgary 2,400, Lake Louise had not been  discovered, and. Vancouver ,was  proud of its 5,200. Indian Head was  famous for the Bell Farm,' of which  the "Annotated Guide" remarks:  "The furrows on this farm are usually ploughed four miles long, and lo  plough one furrow outward and another returning is a half day's work  for a man and team. - The work is  done with an almost military organization, ploughing by brigades and  reaping by divisions." Toronto - is  described as ''distinctly western in its  activity and  energy." ���������   *  Spots on painted walls come  ��������� easily���������when you use  Old  Dutch  I  Won Fame on Its Merits. ��������� The  unbounded f;opularity that Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil enjoys is not attributable lo any elaborate advertising, for it has not been so advertised,  but is entirely due lo the merits of  this Oil as a medicine. In even- city,  town aiid hamlet in the country it is  sought after solely because "of its  good qualities.  W$!tW&Mffl;ti^.  h.taiiy and Umctely Cured mm  EGYPTIAN LINIMENT  For Sale by AU Dealer)  -Douglas & Co.. Prop'is. Napanee. OsA.  Wisdom  (t is easy in the world to live after  the world's opinion; it is easy in solitude to live after one's own'; but the  great man is he who, in the midst of  the crowd, can keep with perfect  sweetness the independence" of solitude.���������Ralph   Waldo  Emerson.'  A New Winter Wheat  A new winter wheat has been developed b}- selection at Kansas Agricultural College. The variety selected from was Turkey Red, but .the selection, known as P 762, has given  an average- 3'ield of 30.7 bushels per  acre for six years, as compared with  26.5 for the parent' variety. In the  extremely unfavorable , season of  1912, when wheat winter-killed se-  vcrelj*- in Kansas, it. produced forty-  eight per cent, more than the Tur-  kev.  Professional Prevarication    '������������������ '  Physician-to wife (upon"-receiving  invitation" to ,-join three " fellow-  practitioners "in a .rubber of bridge)7:  Here I am, dear,- called away again.  Appears to be a difficult case, too.  There are three other doctors on the  spot already.   -   -       ' [ " ';'-'  ���������The most obstinate corn's -.and  warts fail to resist Holloway's Corn  Cure.   Try it. ,  "Thai horse of yours interferes."  "Wai. lie ain't interferin' with yon  is he?"  Minard's   Liniment  Cows.  Cures   Garget   in  A United States Chamber of Commerce is about lo be organized in the  City of> London. A similar institution  has been iu operation iu Paris for  twcnlv years.  )ecause it guarantees unequalled  servicer-from Christmas to Christmas ��������� over and over again ��������� is  It's ihe ^'safest" gift you can select,  iot every man shaves, and knows that  an the Gillette you are giving him. the  best equipment that money can buy.  His appreciation   will   be SURE and  .  LASTING.      ��������� '  Christmas Gillette displays will be iti  ihe windows', of all the hustling Gillette  dealers���������Drag, Jewelry, Hardware and  General Stores���������everywhere���������in a dozen  styles or more���������priced from $5 to $25.  '(mem {Safety lizorCp. of Canada, Limited  : "   ������ffiwaadFMteiry-GlLLETTE BUILDING, MONTREAL . -  '-GiJ?e������e>:  SURGICAL MAGNETS.  In the hospitals of England rnagneta  hare been developed that will draw"  fragments of ehnvpnel to the surface  from a depth in the flesli of even six  inches, and steel-jacketed bullets have  been drawn out from a depth of more  than two inches.  _Afc ihe- Invalids' Hotel ia Buffalo,  N. Y., are many as wonderful electric  machines, high frequency currents, X-  ray. violet rays. Then Dr. Pierce has  equipped ihe Sanitarium witii every  known device to aid the sick and in the  Surgical Department every instrument  and appliance approved by the modeio  operator. The permanent cure of" rupture is accomplished, here without pain  ���������itrd with local anaesthesia. Gravel removed in many ea^es v.-ichoui. pain and  the patient can return home cured in a  few days.  Dr. H. V. Pierce, nearly lialf a century ago, devised and used two _ person iptions which were -almost unfailing.  rh.\V were made without alcohol or narcotics, extracted from roots and lierbs by  using pure glycerine. The ingredients  are made public.  Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery  is a tonic and blood purifier" that c.ires  pimples, blotches, sores, humors, .eruptions and diseases of tho hkin.  Notlung stands aa'.high to-day in the  estimation of thousands of women as  Dr. Pierce's Pavorire Prescription���������this  is a soothing nervine. For girls about to  enter womanhood, and for the days of  middle age Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription should always be on hand. In  'liquid or tablets. Write Dr. Pierce, Invalids' Ifolcl. Buffalo, N. Y.  Dr. Pierce's Medical Adviser, cloth-  bouud, sent free to you on roceipfc oi  50c (or stamps). Custom5* duly and  mailing prepaid.  Dr.. Pierce's Pleasant Pelkus are the  original littie Liver Pills. These tiny  ���������mgai'-eoatcd, anli-bilio.it: ���������f������,aai;Is���������������cog  ':jiiilie*t and the casiesi to take One  little Pellet for a Jasj'.live���������ibree for a  ���������-..Jjftrlie.  lion-  THANKFUL MOTHERS  Thousands of thankful mothers  thioughout Canada ��������� many-of them  ���������your own neighbors���������speak with the  greatest praise of that splendid medicine, Baby's Own Tablets.. s Many  mothers would have no other medicine for their little ones. Among  these is Mrs. Albert rvie, Si. Brieux,  Sask., who says: "I have been "using-  Baby's Own Tablets for the past-  seven ��������� years and they have done m3'  four children a world of good. I  would not be without them/' The  Tablets are sold _by medicine dealers  or by mail at 25 cents a box from  The Dr. Williams Medicine Co.,  Brockville,. Ont.  Manager (lo critics afler the  show): Be as charitable as 3-011 can,  boys! Remember thai tonight's receipts go to the starving Belgians,  and that none of the cast -has had a  square meal for two months,  Very Likely  The case, concerned a will, and an.'  Irishman was a witness. -'"Was."the*  deceased," asked the lawyer, "in the  habit of    talking    to    himself, when  alone?"       . ( " '"  "I don't know," was the reply.  "Come, come, you don't know, and  3ret you pretend that 3rou were inti--  matety, acquainted with him?"   ��������� :������  "The fact is," said- Pal, .dryly," "I  never happened to be,Jwith hiiii  when he was alone."���������London, Saturday Journal."  Miller's Worm Powders will purge  the stomach and intestines of worms  so effectively and so easily and painlessly that the most delicate stomach  will not feel any. inconvenience from  their action. They recommend themselves to mothers as "a preparation  that will restore strength and vigor  to their children and protect liieiu  from the debilitating effects which  result' from the depredations 6^  worms.  '"Perkins is down and out. isn't  he?"  "Oh, yes���������he told mc the other day  he was paj-ing  cash  for everythiug."  Blue-Eyed the Best Workers  The" people who have always  thought of the blue-eyed girl as the  sweet, gentle, little person bj- comparison with her black-cytd" sisters '  will be surprised to learn that the  bluc-C3-ed type is the best worker in  the ammunition factories.���������Baltimore  Star. .   - '  'Vcs,  im- wife's  gone lo the T  sand  .Is  ands."  .  '-How  long  for?  ���������I  *'  ���������Well  I advised  hei-  to spend ;i  Oil  each  island."  ..1   -.vas   cured  of  painful   Goitre, by  i\l I X.Mi O'S  1.1 N J M ENT.    . "   -  BAYARD  McMUL'IN.  Chatham,- Ont.  .1    was  cured    of Inflammation,  by  Al l.V-ARD'S LINIMENT.  -   MRS. XV, A. JOHNSON'.  "  ' Walsh. Out.  .1- was cured of Facial Neural  UNARD'S   LINIMKNT.  I'avkdalc. Out.-  j. H. BAILEY.  by  Diana: " .1.     hope    when  you  marry, I  Aubrey, it will'Jjc a love match, j  Blase-Brother: -My dear Di, of |  course it will���������with a wealthy girl.���������'  Judge.  HOME AND MOTHER  %Wi  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper,  Casey: Phwat's a bank?  M-doney; Well, it wurks like this:  For instance, Oi put money in an' yc  draw-it out.  Casey: But how docs the bank  makc anything?  Maloncy: Sure, they 'cither knock  down part of phw'at Oi put in or  short-change ye on phwat ye draw  out.  Words  that  express  tendcrest  sentiments  .,      .    , , .-, , . tiie  human  heart.'     Mo  ther is the most beautiful word m the language. ���������������������������-.'.  When we thiu.'c of-the worries of childhood, the sleepless niehts and the anxious moments lhat mother endured to bring *us to Manhood and Womanhood,  snouldnt we ffu-e greater thought to the comforts of father and .mother whe-B  travelling; from home.  We, as kotcl-lceepers, in the iuteiest of the future prosperity of our inreat-  meat, are compelled ��������� to give considerable thought to the creature comforts of all  our  guests. 1  you feel like giving father or mother a trip at any time, ad-rise then),  are in Toronto, to stay at the  And if  when the'/  W.  N,  U.  1137  WALKER HOUSE  The House of Plenty   ���������  FRONT AND   YOKK STREETS  OR  HOTEL CARLS-RITE.'  The House of Comfort "  FRONT AND ShMCOE STREETS  second   to   ���������none'-'.'for   comfort,   cleanliness,  that are   extremely   reasonable Americta (  Both our hotels enjoy reputation  healthy moral atmosphere, and rates  European l'lan.  WRIC/ilT & CAJRIiOIyf,, Proprietoi-K. I'oronto*s vWous Hotel*, TORONTO, ONT.  (Jjoth   former  Westerners)' THE  GAZETTE.  HEDLEY.  B.  THE LAST VOYAGE OF THE KARLUK  DESCRIBED BY ARCTIC EXPLORER  BARTIiETT'S STORY OF  HARDSHIP AND HEROISM  Master of the Flagship of Stefansson's Canadian Arctic Expedition  Unfolds in a Graphic Manner^ he History of the Momentous  Trip Undertaken after Loss of his Ship    i   O - ; ~-   When    Captain Robert'A. Barllelt  mailed out of the navy yard at Esqui-  .nialtj British Columbia, as master-of  the  Karluk,  the' flagship   of VilhjaU  mur    Stefansson's   Canadian    Arctic  Expedition,    on- June , 17, 1913,    he  wrote  to a  friend"at  Boston:   "This  will have the North Pole trip 'beaten  to a frazzle.'" - c  "   And it did.     For  two  reasons    it  , proved to Captain Bartlett himself to  .be, the most momentous  trip of his  life. ,.    First,    because    the    Karluk,  which was a'n old whaler,  was    not  ��������� built   for   withstanding  ice   pressure;  .and secondly, because the winter of  1913-14 was unprecedented in the an-  ���������' nals of Alaska.     , ���������       '   , ���������  ,' -Tiie financing and direction of the  ��������� expedition had been originally undertaken . by the National ., Geographic  *. Society; but the Canadian Govern-  'ment'felt that,since the country to be  explored was Canadian territory it  . was only fitting that the expedition  fly its flag *and be' financed from its  treasury. And so, at the earnest request of Canada's Premier, Sir Robert Borden, the National Geographic  Society relinquished its direction.  The main work of the party aboard  the Karluk was to be the exploration  of-the. region lying west of Ihe "Parry  Islands, and especially that, portion  lying west and northwest from  [ Prince Patrick Island, If land were  discovered a -base was to be established on it, but if ice were encountered, then the party was. to work  round ' to the', southwest ��������� comer of  Prince Patrick Island, or, failing  that) to the west corner of Banks  Island.    '  On June 17, 1913, the Karluk left  Esquimalt and made for Nome,  where she stayed until July. 13r���������. The  next day she reached Port Clarence,  and after staying-there some thirteen  days to make final preparations started out on the great voyage. She  rhade two stops further north _ * for  trading purposes, and then continued  on her journey, encountering the first  ice about August 1. Misfortunes  seem to have begun early, for seven  days after meeting the first ice the  Karluk was caught in the pack and  it was found impossible to use the  engines. However, the vessel got  free from the pack ice some days later and'managed to get as far cast  as -Lion Reef, and here, by the end of  August, she was caught and frozen  in.  The freezing in of the Karluk put  back - the work of the expedition,  ' which by this time should have  reached Hcrschcll Island; it meant i  year's delay, for they would have to  wait until the next summer before  the ice would break up. It meant,  too, the serious problem of providing  a winter's supply of' fresh meat for  thirty-one human beings.  . On September 20 Stefansson and a  party set out to obtain caribou and  fish. Before starting oul he left with  . Captain Bartlett a letter of instructions, with directions what to-do if  the. ship should be" driven from its  position by storms. Five days later  a terrific gale sprang up, the ice began to move, and finally the vessel  began to drift, wedged in on all sides  by masses of ice.  The drift continued and the Karluk was" at the mercy of the masses  of moving ice. In October she was  drifting along in a northeasterly direction, and the ship's company prepared for an'extended stay on the  moving' ice. They set up winter  quarters on board and made themselves, as .comfortable as possible  'during the gales,-which blew continuously through October and November.  ' The sun disappeared on November  11 and the ship's'.party set about making the best of the long.arctic; winter. Watches werey arranged, work,  recreation, and exercise all had their  allotted place, and on Christmas Day  the party indulged in sports on the  ice. It was Captain Bartlett's fourth  Christmas in the arctic, and he calls  to mind other Christmascs lie spent  in the polar regions. The Christmas  dinner was a merry affair and the  menu plentiful and varied.  But during the night of New  Year's Day ominous crackings were  heard throughout, the ship���������it was  the ice pressTTre asserting itself. Ten  days after this a great crack appeared in the vessel, and the men prepared to leave.her. There was a rush to  save all the stores possible, and they  were just in time, for on January 11,  19H, the Karluk sank in thirty-eight  fathoms of water.  In the camp that was set up near  the locality of the wreck the party  spent the winter, following the routine set up on board the vessel. Cap-:  tain Bartlett tells, with a liveliness of  detail, of the activities of the company of shipwrecked explorers; of  the parties^ that set out to make the  landward journey, and of the .final  migration* of the whole company'to  Wrangell Island.  It was a long, painful journey,, but  by March 12 land was reached.   The  Captain Bartlett felt that "assistance  must be' obtained at whatever cost,  and" the risk was undertaken by 'him,  as being responsible for the safety of  all those who had been placed in his  .care by Stefansson,' So on March. IS,  accompanied only by a young Eskimo anel with one sledge,and seven  dogs, he .set out to get news of the  disaster "before the authorities'at Ottawa.,  Now begins a wonderful, (ale of  travel .across, the ice. Captain Bartlett started oiit and walked over the  frozen seas 200 miles to the' Siberian  coast, aiul then' for another, 500 miles  eastward to .get a ship for. Alaska.  The journey, took the two men "over  two months; it-was a lr������p never accomplished before" by' any man, an  adventure on which untold dangers  and sufferings were experienced.  But at last Captain Bartlett and his  companion reached Alaska, "and on  May''29 he telegraphed to Ottawa  from St. Michael's for ; ssistance. On  July 13'die made" the -return trip to  Wrangell Island in '"the Bear, the  Uiyted States revenue cutter cfti arctic service. But the Bear had .lo' put  back into Nome for coal supplies after nearly reaching,. Wrangell Island,  then she resumed 'her voyage of rescue. '" " \  '  On September' 8, a schooner was  sighted near the locality in which  the shipwrecked party had been left.  It was the King and Winge, and' the  Karluk party was found on bo'ard.  They ' had been rescued " by the  schooner, all but three, who had died  at Wrangell Island .camp, and by October 24 the whole company had returned safely to Nonic  This is the story which Captain  Bartlett relates" in the book "The  Last Voyage of ilic.Karluk," with an  earnestness that comes only from  one who has^fought'with the stern  forces of nature in the frozen seas.  Yet it is touched here and there with  a humor that lights up the grim peri's of the arctic regions.  British Determination  Devilish Devices  Paris Writer Pays Strong Tribute to  Britain  One easily understands the r-age of  Germany agaipst England; the Germans know well that it is England  that has broken the arch. We French  have reason to be proud that we were  able to halt the invasion at the  Marne, writes a French author. The  Russians have also the right to attribute to themselves a large part in  the victory when they cast up, the  balance ' sheet of their sacrifice of  men. Each of the other allies will  have his share in the glory of the  overthrow of the danger which menaced Europe.     " ~"  But should we have arrived at the  present point without England? Im-  a'ginc England neutral! Picture to  yourself the German fleet mistress ot  the ,seas in August,_ 1914!~ Should  we have had Italy with us? Without  the mastery of the "seas, without the  factories and .English coal, what  would have "become of the" allies?  German hegemony over Europe  would have been established.  It is the glory of England that in  these later centuries she has always  been in opposition to that one of the  continental powers which, at any particular time aimed at the domination  of all Europe. _ When with the impartiality of history, when passions  have died down,, we envisage the role  of England in the past, are we not  obliged to recognize that she has always acted as a balance and as a  born defender of the liberty and in  dependence of the European nations?  Is it not a glory given to all the  world to have merited the hate of  all the peoples who, in the course of  the centuries, at their hour- of mad  ncssj have tried to impose'by arms  their domination upon Europe?  England is accustomed to permit���������  without flinching, without wincing,  without troubling herself���������the adversary she holds by the throat to exhaust against her his powerless rage.  Nothing stops her, neither temporary  reverses nor the length of the efforts  she must make. The Germans ��������� have  thought, at times, that one or another of the. allies might relinquish  its' efforts, but there is one enemy  upon whom they know that they  cannot reckon for a moment of feebleness, and that is England.  Eastern Pure-Bred Stock,. Imported  A shipment of 105 head of purebred stock was made from Ontario  into..the western provinces recently.  Cattle, horses, sheep and'swine were  included, and were assembled at Toronto under the direction of the Ontario government. All animals had  to be registered before they were accepted for shipment.  Tommy (in the trenches, observing the sky above him thick with  aeroplanes): "To think that I paid  'arf-a-crown at Endon to see two of  expedition    was lost,    however, and 'em!    Bust it!"���������Tatler.  Man-Killing Traps on the Battlefield  Used by the Huns  0  The dropping of sugar-coaled disease germs on Bucharest from Zeppelins is not at all inconsistent with  the scientific methods that the German authorities are employing for  deceiving and alluring civilians belonging to ��������� their enemies to death.  A book in three volumes could be  written packed full of these infernal  tricks'.  One of the very latest is the lac-h-  ynial shell, a new and frightful weapon of warfare introduced by the  Germans. _ Considerable speculation  has turned upon the nature of the  lear-exciting substance employed. It  is likely, says the "Lancet," that' pepper has been used, judging from the  reports of (hose who have been exposed to this baptism.  The tear-exciting constituent is  probably capsicinc driven out of the  pepper by heat. Common pepper,  'cayenne pepper, . or the dried chilli  gives, off 'an extremely pungent vapor, which _ is absolutely i'rrespirablc  and exceedingly irritating. It is reported that the .enemy is paying a.  very high price for pepper, and it has  been assumed that the condiment  "was wanted for use in this way as  an offensive weapon; but it is quite  conceivable, that paprika, or .red  Hungarian pepper, suits llieir purpose better.  "     v-  Anothcr of ' the' Hun "novelties"  was used foi- the first time against  the Russians at~ Kr'cvo. It is a liquid  that kills; and is still -something of a  | mystery. When' this liquid was fired  it,produced the sensation of burning.  It was not liquid fire, which is an old  device _ on" the .'Russian front, but  something that did hot openly flame.  A man struck, say, on the arms was  not disabled and on the second ' day  thought lightly of the burn, but on  the third day, or at latest on the  fourth, he died. This . new devilry  produces clotting of the blood and  consequent death.  A suffocating revolver, according  to the correspondent of a Pctrograd  journal, is a new.weapon which lias  been distributed among German officers. It is a small "and'well-made  weapon, and when it is fired a small  cloud of suffocating gas escapes from  the cartridge instead of a bullet. The  gas does not cause death, but those  who inhale it become insensible for  several hours.  It is staled that the Germans use  this revolver for the pfirpose of obtaining prisoners near the Russian  trenches, their obvious object .being  to compel these prisoners to divulge  information as to what is going on  behind the Russian ^ lines. A week  or two ago the Russians succeeded  in capturing some of these revolvers,  which have been brought to Pelro-  grad.  Our own" troops iu France and  Flanders" nol_ so long ago made acquaintance with man-traps in the enemy trenches. They arc constructed  on the principle of the old-fashioned  rat-trap with powerful jaws that  clasp- together when a spring has  bee"h released. They are sufficiently  strong to break the leg of a soldier  who incautiously treads on the  "platform" of the trap.  In dry weather this barbarous contrivance is covered up with loose  earth. In wet waether it is concealed  in the mud. Our troops, of course,  have been warned of the existence of  these devilish devices, and we believe  the man-trap has not secured many  British or French victims. But it is  another example of "frighlfulness"  added lo the long reckoning which  one day the kulturcd German will  have to face.  Then they _ possess a variety of  foods which it is asserted they have  given to the wounded. It'is reported  from Copenhagen that the next "device will be a gigantic attempt to  poison the atmosphere over, a wider  area 'than has hitherto been conceived.  THE WEST MUST ULTIMATELY  TURN TO DIVER  GRADUAL EVOLUTION OF FARMING METHODS  Dean  Rutherford,  of the Saskatchewan College of Agriculture  Speaks of the Advantages of Mixed Farming over the More  Hazardous Plan of Those Who Confine Their  Operations to Wheat Raising    O .���������  School Lands Fetch  . High Prices at Auction  Large Amounts Realized for Educational Purposes  About thirty-three thousand, acres  of school lauds in the province of  Alberta were sold recently by-public  auction. When Western Canada was  first beginning to be settled up, the  government made a generous endowment for the future of education  by reserving two whole sections in  every township (i.e., one-eighteenth  of the total available land), "the sale  of which should principally defray  the cost of education, thus greatly  reducing the amount to be met by  local taxation. As districts have been  settled up, or the_ cause of education  has needed financial assistance, these  school lands have been disposed of.  At Sedgewick 16,636 acres were  sold, and the price realized was in  excess of $20 per acre. The highest  price fetched was $50 per acre. At  Provost, 17,911 acres were sold at  an average of over $14 per acre, the  highest being $36.  Purchasers were confined almost  entirely to farmers in the localities  concerned. .-  At two sales of school lands in the  province of Saskatchewan, lands in  the Blaine Lake district ranged from  $7 to $52 per acre. Over one hundred  parcels of land sold tit Biggar, pr^es  ranging as. high as $35 per acr*.  Tell   a  plump   girl   she's   getting  fat and see what happens!  Before an audience of business  men in Moose Jaw, Dean Rutherford  of the Saskatchewan College of Agriculture, gave a clear outline of -the  changes that have taken place in  farming in the past century and of  the rapid advances now being made  in the West. His particular object  was to show the advantage of_ diversified farming over grain groAving.  "So .great has' been the transformation of the past hundred years," said  Dean Rutherford, "the people of 1800  would not know what thc_ farmer of  today is doing, when working on the  land. There has been a wonderful  development of machinery, new seeds  and plants and immense improvement in animals."  ,Hc then pointed out the condition  which existed in England _ at one  time, when the proper rotation -of  crops-was not understood, before the  feeding of stock was brought "to a  scientific basis. Yet in spite of science there was the high cost of living. The speaker said he could remember ihe farm in Ontario" where  everything that was needed to maintain life and health Avas grown and  made on the farm, and the only cash  product was potash, which was sold,  at the nearest market and the money  used to pay the taxes. That, he considered, was "mixed farming." Yet  one' farm he knew, which. had been  "mixed farmed," today had a handsome dwelling not forty feet from  the old log house of the original  owner, and a grandson ran the farm.  He had bceu educated at college, and  was now conducting his farm as a  highly specializeM dairy farm. He  raised many limes per acre what his  grandfather did and the farm w-as  more fertile than in its virginity.  This man knew the business side of  farming. His grandfather and his  lather followed farming as an employment, while the son made it a  business  on scientific lines.  In Saskatchewan, he considered it  a good sign for the future when the  men of the city began to turn their  attention to farming. The mines  would play oul and the forests be depleted, and yet agriculture would be  the basic industry. Saskatchewan he  considered one of the most -wonderful estates God had ever given man  of development and it therefore devolves on those living in the province  to put the best they had into the development of it. Besides being rich  in soil, the Province of Saskatchewan  had a climate"-adapted to wheal  growing. Men were coming from  the Stales buying and leasing the  land to grow wheal, for they knew  that wheal is the province's best  crop.  The_ "speaker then turned to the  evolution of agriculture in Wisconsin  and Southeast Minnesota. In 1850  the total wheat crop of the latter  slate was 1,410 bushels, in 1880 it had  jumped to 34,000,000, and in 1900 to  81,000,000. The process of development was just the same as Saskatchewan, with the exception Ihnt it had  not been with such spectacular rapidity. Last year, off six aud one-half  million acres in Saskatchewan, there  had been a world's record crop, the  railways already estimating thai it  was an average of 27 1-2 bushels per  acre, the largest of any country in  the world.  Yet today, in one county* of Minnesota, there was less wheat being-  grown than 20 years ago. The soil  was just as rich and the farmers just  as intelligent. What was the reason of the change? A trip through  the county would show creameries,  silos, fields of.alfalfa, clover and  other feed crops for cattle and pigs.  The land had become too valuable  to grow wheat. Wheat is extensive  farming, said the speaker, while the  Minnesota farmers had come to intensive farming, with more expert  labor. This province will change the  same, the speaker said, and.to illustrate this he referred to the fact that  already there was a sign of the  change in the southeastern portion of  the province. The fanner was/finding that to pay the interest on his  investment and equipment he had to  adjust his labor and his capital. It  was not being' done quicklj*-. Today  the farmer in this province, if he was  thinking t it out rightly, .was,, after j  paying his creditors, investing something in stock. He was not stopping  wheat growing, but was doing something to reduce the cost of living.  If he was advising, he would say buy  stock, if you can get the right kind  of a bargain. The farmer would find  neighbors who had stock at this time  of. the year who were willing to dispose of a few heifers, or some ewes  or brood sows, to the man with the  cash. However, this year was not  one to buy stock, because it was so  high and grain was also high. The  change would have to come about  gradually.  The speaker said that he believed  he would surprise his hearers when  he  said  this Saskatchewan was sec-  he said this���������Saskatchewan was sec-  of livestock and its value.  He then told of the. buying, of Saskatchewan slock by ranchers and  farmers in Montana, and how the representatives of men across the line  were buying _ Saskatchewan livestock:  on the Winnipeg market, picking out  the cream of what was shipped. He  told of how the officials of the University became aware of this and the  result was that a representative was  placed on the market and during the  'month of October 6,000 head of stock  from the province was sold on the  Winnipeg market" and shipped back  to buyers in Saskatchewan, and the  present month would see a larger  number.  By adopting diversified farming  the farmer would have money coming in all the year round. Wheat  growing was a hazardous task at the  best and the growing of livestock  made it less hazardous. The' livestock market ih the province was the  great problem" as yet, however.  Benefits  from -      "  Drinking Water  Two Quarts Every Day Is Not Too  Much for a Natural Person    ,,  The often debated question o2  whether or not we should drink  water with our meals is . again  brought before the public; this time  by Professor Philip ii. Hawk, Ph.D.,  professor of physiological chemistry  at Jetterson Medical College, writing1  in the Ladies' Home Journal.  A. normal person is advised to  drink all the water he cares roi'with  his meals. The result of many tests  has shown that the drinking. of - even  I large quantities of water at' meal  time is very desirable. The food is  more readily digested and its digestion products are more quickly and  completely absorbed. Various materials are flushed out of the system  and harmful bacteria do not thrive  so well in the large. intestine.  For a person who. is not normal,  who has ulcer of the stomach or  trouble with his kidneys, Prof. Hawk  counsels the advice of a physician before much water is taken with the  meals. Some types of kidney disorder have been shown to be benefitted by drinking water. Otlier types  might possibly not be so benefited.  Drinking water immediately before anical is found to be good because it causes the appearance of digestive fluid in the stomach. Although Prof. Hawk states ihat water at a temperature of 60 degrees is  best for drinking, he does not share  the strong popular prejudice against  ice water. The stomach warms it up  to body temperature in 20 minutes,  he says. But if you arc stout and do  not wish to gain flesh, look out! The  drinking of water with meals makes  one fat.  Drinking a glass of water in the  morning is recommended because it  stimulates the formation of fresh  gastric juice. It also cleanses and refreshes the mouth, aesophagus and  intestines.  In place of three pints of water,  usually considered sufficient for a  normal person 10 drink in a day,  Prof. Hawk advises two quarts. Two  glasses should be taken at each of  the three meals, the remainder whenever one feels thirsty.  "The real merits of a mineral water can be demonstrated only by actual tests upon men," says Prof.  Hawk. "We have recently made such  tests upon a thermal, alkaline, saline,  mineral water. This water we found  gave us very satisfactory results in  derangements of the gastrointestinal and genito-urinary tracts as well  as in certain joint disorders."  Experiments failed to show any  harmful results from distilled water  drinking. He refutes, the statements  of some physicians to the effect that  such water irritates the delicate lining of the stomach causing some-  times serious derangements, such a?  catarrh of the stomach.  Dr. Hawk concluded by smashing  the old bogey that water dilutes the  gastric juice. He has found by actual experiment that it. leaves the  normal stomach very quickly, in  from 10 to 20 minutes.- Instead,  therefore, of diluting the gastric  fluid, it remains only long enough to  initiate the manufacture of larger  quantities of the fluid, then quickly  passes out.  Canada will have this year a snr������  plus of .99,494,000 bushels of wheat  available for export, according to the  calculations of the Department o������  Trade and Commerce. This amounfi  is arrived at by adding, a carry-oves  fiom last year's crop of about 27fi  000,000 bushels to this year's (159/=,  000,000 bushels), and deducting a ten  per cent, loss in cleaning, 21,000,00(3  bushels for seed purposes and about]  50,000,000 bushels for home coasemiw^  tioa.  ���������-N.-.;  ;-v::.*rV;. ^'V&v-r'-r^'-".*?:*  <i'fe*������5iS'J'W;  mm  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.  V  Business Principles  Applied to Farming  Saving by Good Roads  The   Farmer   Who   Grows   All      His  Own Foods Is Usually Pros-  porous and Independent  The firsl, middle and last legitimate business of every fanner is lo!at certain seasons,  provide a good living for himself and'  family. This, good living means ample and comfortable shelter, proper  clothing for all occasions, and an  abundance of a ,variety of the best  foods that can be produced directly  and indirectly from, the soil��������� vegetables, fruits, milk, cream, . butter,  cheese, perhaps honey, and eggs and  -meats.  The above list of foods can and  should be produced on every farm in,  this country- Even 'cheese and  honey arc easily within the list of  good things to eat thai can be produced by every family living in the  country. Until a few years ago no  honey or cheese was produced on oin*  farm, but now we have bees for  honey and wc make the very best of  cheese with an ordinary lard press as  a cheese press.  There is no "end'of-.good..things', to  cat that can be grown in" every garden on the farm, to be used in season  and to be stored and canned,for out-  ��������� of-season use. The farm family that  docs not have from a dozen to a  score or more of the best vegetfbles  and fruits for home use is not half  living up to the highest possibilities  of country life. There is no valid excuse for any farm family going without or running short of milk, cream,  butter, lard, eggs and meals of a variety.  It is the observation of the writer  that almost every farmer who grows  all of his own foods is prosperous  and independent. The reason is evident; he keeps most of the cash oarn-  . ings of the farm al home to meet necessary expenses for clothing, house  furnishings, incidentals, and for improvements. He nearly always has  some cash on hand because he is not  continually spending for daily food.  Many farmers hold the mistaken  notion that they can grow some field  crop for cash to purchase meats and  other foods. This mistake has forced  hundreds of farmers to the wall and  has kept thousands poor when they  might have lived independent and  .comfortable- Buying any food that  has been produced on the farm and  passed through half a dozen other  hands is poor business policy, to say  the least.. Why not produce these  foods at home and save the profits  that merchants and other dealers  rake off in big measure? Why sell  hogs at seven cents and buy back  lard at 14 cents and bacon at 20  cents, perhaps from the same hogs  you* sold-six months before? Why  make rich .men presents of - about  one-half your earnings? But farmers  arc generous, that's all.  Farmers, of dl people, need an  abundance and a variety of rich and  wholesome foods, as they work "hard  with both hands and brain. All persons who arc active in the open-air  must have plenty of nourishment to  be efficient workers, and- to remain  resistant and healthy. Food to th������_  human body is like fuel to the engine,  but it is more than this. It not only  siipplies   energy     for  human   action  * but_it-supplies .���������������������������materials to rebuild  bodily waste and to sustain growth,  as with' children. Farm children arc  invariably hearty eaters, and if they  are supplied with an abundance and  a variety of wholesome foods they  will grow to be large, strong; manly  and handsome men and -women. With  poor food and short rations they cannot possibly develop into ideal adults.  By instinct the child knows when its  bread is buttered, and the big and  beautiful men and women of* bur  country have not been strangers to  meat and fresh' egg* , They have  known generous feeding.  Sound Arguments in Favor of   Good  Country Roads  The .cost of. moving the products  of ill e farm to the nearest market or  distributing station depends__ upon  the character of the roads" over  which.they arc hauled; ifthese- roads  are 'muddy and well-nigh impassable  all the; money  spent on expensive * highways between the cities, or highways spanning the continent from thc: Atlantic  to the Pacific/will not take off oiic  penny of the excessive price whicli  it now costs lo move ihose products  over "the average   country road.  Here is a little problem in road  arithmetic which will be interesting  to farmers. The. road from Ames  lo Nevada, Iowa, has been improved  with a reasonably hard surface. Before improvement it took 106 pounds,  average draft, to pull a load of one  ion. After improvement it took an  average draft of 75 pounds to pull the  same load in the same wagon.- The  saving in necessary pulling power,  therefore, was 36 per cent, when the  farmer used the harder surface road.  These figures arc from the United  Stales Department of Public Roads,  which made a dynamometer test on  that particular road. Noav the problem :  If the largest load a farmer could  haul over that road was 50 bushels  before it Avas improved, how much  more can he haul now, Avith the  same team and the same wagon? If  it cost him 30 cents per load, per  mile to haul over the old road, how  much does he save nowadays for the  same size load?  The aiiSAYers arc both easy aud interesting. The farmer avIio' used to  haul 50 bushels OArer the old road  now hauls 68 bushels with the same  team. He gets his hauling done 36  per cent, sooner, and therefore"saves  36 per cent, of his time. If his time,  and the service of his team, and the  wear and tear on his wagon and harness are Avorth 30 cents per load per  mile, and the United States Govern-  .rnenl says they arc, he would save  10 cents per load  per mile.  Now figure out how many loads  you haul to or from tOAvn or shipping point, count the mileage for  each load, and see, just for fun, how  many dollars a year you Avould save  if you had a concrete road from your  farm to your shipping point.  Germans Want Peace  w.  Thread Factory for Western  Canada a Possibility  Cultivation   of   Flax   Makes   Possible  a New Industry  The possibility of going more  largely into the culture of flax in the  Avcstern provinces of Canada, on a  scale that will permit the establishment of a branch thread manufactory  at some point yet to be decided upoii  is noAV, says the Edmonton Bulletin,  being- investigated by Oliver Barbour, of the well-known Belfast firm  of threadmaL.rs. Mr. Barbour Avas  recently in Edmonton and from there  Avent on to the coast, Avherc he is  continuing enquiries into the opportunities for business in the way of  flax growing. Both in Alberta and  in British Columbia he has been favorably impressed Avith the prospects, and it is quite likely that in  one province or the other a branch  factory will CA'entually he established  by his firm. Mr. Barbour finds the  Canadian West very well adapted to  the culture of flax. Most of the product used by the Belfast thread-  makers is grown in Ireland, where  their mill employs . 9,000 hands, but  industrial conditions there have become so uncertain owing to the war  tliat'new fields for operation arc being investigated.  ���������  , One Change  "Does your husband love you as'  well as he did Avh'en-'you Avere first j  married?" j  "He claims to, but he doesn't make!  such  a fuss  about it.'* I  C.   Bullit   a  Recent   Visitor to  Germany,   in   Philadelphia  Public Ledger  Peace is in the heart of every  human being in Germany. The question one is asked most frequently by  the Germans is, "How long do you  think it will last?" Yet."to.... judge  froni the newspapers one would  think peace was. the least of Germany's desires. Never a*'word about  peace terms appears in-the German  papers. That is not because the editors do not think peace and talk  peace from breakfast to night-cap,  but because the moment a newspaper  dares to hint at the terms Germany  otight to take it is" suppressed for a  week.    And that is-rather, costly.  The censor has put an absolute ban  on peace talk. There is nothing  about which he is' so touchy, -unless  il be allusions-to the possibility of  Germany again sinking ships  without warning. It Avas my intention; to bring home from Germany  notes - on."sortie scores of conversations on peace which*I had had Avith  representatives of every class in Germany. The censor, aa'Iio let through  all- my notes in regard to the food  shortage, the industrial situation and  so on, removed from my papers nearly -every * word-��������� iii- regard to peace  terms. The ban on peace talk extends so far that the teachers in the  public schools avIio give talks on the  Avar lo their classes are forbidden absolutely to talk of peace or to allude  to peace terms.  One reason for the censor's refusal to alloAV peace thought to be pubr  lished is, of course, to create, the  impression outside Germany that  there is no Avar Avcariness. Another  reason is to prevent the_~ihdividual  German from realizing that everyone  is as weary of the Avar as himself.  Another is to preserve the peace at  home. For, unless the censor restrained them, the supporters of the  chancellor and the folloAvers of von  Tirpitz Avould spend much of their  time libelling one another. Yet another reason is to prevent public  opinion from crystalizing upon some'  definite set of peace terms Avhich  might prove unattainable. At present the German government is able  to turn the stream of public opinion  and of peace hopes in any direction  it chooses.  * Boy Scout Notes  Prominent Men Who Are Interested  in the Boy. Scout Movement  Close on one hundred men of prominence     in    religious,    educational,  commercial and public life of Canada  have  given   their  endorsation, to   the  work of the Boy Scouts Association  in  Canada by becoming' members of  the Canadian General Council; of* this  movement.    The  list  is  inclusive  of  the Lieutenant-Governors 'of the various   provinces;   Rt.   Hon.   Sir   R.   L.  Borden,     Canada's    Prime  Minister;  Rt.    Hon..   Sir  Charles    Fitzpatrick,  Chief Justice of Canada;  Sir Lomer  Gouin,    Premier   .of  Quebec;     Lord  Shaughnessy,   of   the   Canadian    Pacific  Railway    Company;    Mr.  E. J.  Chamberlain,    of   the   Grand    Trunk  Railway    Company;  Col.    Sir Percy  SherAvood,    Avho is the    Chief Commissioner of the association in Canada"; Lt.-Col. A. E. Goodcrham, President  of  the  Provincial  Council  for  Ontario; Col.' Noel C. L. Marshall, "of  the Canadian Red Cross Society; Mr.  W.  K.  George, of Toronto, the Provincial   Commissioner   for  the   Avork  in Ontario; Mr. C. W. RoAvley,.Winnipeg,  Provincial    Commissioner  for  Manitoba;   "Mr. A.  H.  Ball,  Regina,  Deputy    Minister    of  Education     in  Saskatchewan,    the  Provincial  Commissioner;     Dr.  A.  H.    MacKay,   of  Halifax, Superintendent of Education  in  Nova Scotia;    Sir Vincent Meredith, President of the Bank of Montreal;  Dr.  Jas.  W.  Robertson,  CM.  fi., chairman of the Ottawa and Ottawa Valley branch of the Canadian  Re'd Cross    Society;    Lt.-Col. G. R.  Starke,    Montreal,    Provincial Commissioner for Quebec; John A. Stiles,  Professor of Civil  Engineering, University of Ncav Brunswick, and President of the Provincial Association  in  that province;  Mr. Justice W: L.  Walsh,  Provincial   Commissioner ior  Alberta; Rev. and Hon." T." R. Hene-  age,  acting  Commissioner and  Honorary Provincial Secretary of the Association  in   British   Columbia;     Mr.  Samuel    M.     Brookfield,    Provincial  President of the Avork in Nova Scotia; Most Rev. Archbishop Matheson,  D.D.,  Primate  of   Canada;   Rt.   Rev.  Bishop Fallon, D.D.; Rev.   Murdoch  Mackenzie,  Rev.  S.  D.  Chpwn,    and  many others.  Various services are being performed by Boy Scouts in Canada in  connection with the badge which is  given by this association for services  in aid of the Avar causes. They arc  rendering 'eA'ery service possible in  an effort to win one of the War Service Badges. In their quest for these  badges the Boy Scouts of Winnipeg  have stood on street corners for  hours at a stretch selling special editions of newspapers to provide  Christmas cheer for Winnipeg soldiers." Quite a number recently rendered valuable services in connection,  Avith the recruiting of the 100th Battalion' of Winnipeg and were instrumental in securing quite'*a'number of  recruits for the battalion; ushering at  Red Cross, patriotic and relief concerts, night after night, and they  have also expressed their Avillingness  to perform similar services whenever  called upon. Boy Scouts in the \-i-  c'inity of Toronto last summer came  to the rescue- of the Fruit Growers'  Association and Avorked for Aveeks  under service conditions gathering  the fruit harvest. * Then, too, Avithin  the last few Aveeks Boy Scouts all  over Canada; rendered various services in connection rAvith the British  Red Cross day, and Avere instrumental in securing a considerable amount  of money in aid of this cause. In  Manitoba last winter the Boy Scouts  spent considerable time and effort in  the manufacture of bird houses,  which Avere later disposed * of at the  Audubon bird ��������� shoAY in Winnipeg and  the money realized voted to patriotic  purposes. Various other instances  could be related of services Avhich  have been performed by Boy Scouts  since the beginning of the war. These"  services arc being rendered day after  day in every part of the Empire.  The'. Canadian.*: General. Council of  the Boy Scouts' Association have  seen fit to modify thc'regulation '.With  regard to the Twenty-eight. Days'  War Service -Badge. Applications  will be accepted -on the basis of  eighty-four hours instead of the original condition of tAventy-eight days'  service of at least three hours per  day being insisted upon. An opportunity will, under these conditions,  be afforded to*Boy Scouts generally,  and particularly to those residing in  the smaller centres to qualify for tii is  badge. The rule governing the award  of the One Hundred Days' War Service Badge will remain as it is.  A Cruel Joker  The  Harmful  Effects   of   Many   So-  Called  Temperance  Beers.  I see beer wagons driving around  the streets and' barrels being delivered at the hotels/and I am told that  it is temperance beer and is not intoxicating.    Let us  examine it.  It contains two and a half per cent,  of pure alcohol. That means "each  glass contains 1.60 drams of pure alcohol, which is equal to about a tablespoonful of common Avhiskey.  There are lots of men that Avould- not  be visibly affected by a gallon of it,  but there are many others avIio will  be affected by one glass, and avIio  will be made silly (poisoned) by two  or three glasses. Science tells us  that even the man who does not  show any ill-effects from drinking a  gallon of it is rendered less fit for  Avork and less able to resist disease  after he'has taken only a few glasses. Then Ave should not forget the  poor fellow avIio is made crazy far  more by' a single teaspoonful of  Avhiskey. He constitutes the principal reason for the churches giving up  the  use   of  fermented  Avine.   /  So much for the alcohol, but 'Avhat  of the other poisonous substances  contained "in temperance.'beer? Science tells us that all malt liquors  contain hop acids, lupulin, and various other preservatives. There must  be a certain percentage of alcohol-to  kille the germs of fermentation; if  not, other 'preservatives must^be added which are injurious to the health.  The Avcakcr the beer in alcohol the  more preservatives' are required to  keep it _from spoiling. If preservatives are , harmful in canned goods  and milk, Avhich are used in small  quantities, Avhat must be the effect in  beer, which is SAvalloAved in such immense quantities?  Dr. W. S. Hall, Professor of Physiology in the Western ��������� University  Medical School, . Chicago, says:  "Summing up the matter, avc find  that the man Avho uses- a quart of  beer daily expends enough for it to  buy three loaves of -bread for his  family. He gets for himself a tibial amount of nourishment, Avorth  half a cent, and takes into his system nearly tAvo ounces of a narcotic  poison,, the influence of Avhich is to  make him lcss.alelrt and therefor?  more amenable to'accidents, to make  him less fit for his work and to make  him more likely to suffer from toxins  and infections." This refers to beer  Avhich contains a little more" than  twice as much alcohol as our so-called temperance beer.  The American Issue of October  14th'says: "Reducing the amount of  alcohol in beer will not suffice, for  alcohol is but one of many harmful  ingredients. - "Let the brewers take  out the Colomo Root, Vitroil, Salicylic "Acid, Isinglass, Guinea Pepper,  Plug Tobacco, and a few other things  that go to make up this so-called "liquid bread" and they may then be  able to.give the public a harmless  drink."   ���������  And yet I see young boys standing  at the bar treating one another to  this combination" of alcohol and poisonous drugs, innocently believing it  to be harmless. Who is to blame for  this cruel joker in the Ontario Temperance Act? ��������� H. Arnott, M.B.,  M.C.P.S.  Wintering Idle.  Horses Cheaply  the  A Neat Turn  An eminent lawyer Avas once cross-  examining a very clever woman,  mother of the plaintiff in a breach of  promise suit, and Avas completely  worsted in the encounter of wits. Before sitting down, however, he turned  lo the jury and said: ���������   .  "You saw, gentlemen,' that " even I  was but a child ih this . Avoman's  hands. What must my client have  been?"  By this adroit stroke of advocacy  he turned his discomfiture into a victory.���������Boston Transcript.  , .T''c, Kaiser (to his professor of  f rightfulness): These dastardly British tanks outrage all the decencies of  civilized Avarfare. Why haven't we  got some?���������London Opinion.  Mother's Cookies  When    Mother's   bakin'   cookies  kitchen  is , so   nice!  I love to smell the ginger an' different kinds of spice;  I like to go an' stay there; I kind of  hang about;  (Sometimes    I" get    a  cookie,-sometimes I go without!)  But  if   I'm    very  quiet    an'   do   not  tease, you know,  My Mother's sure to  let me have a  bit of cookie dough.-      -  An' then, I make a cookie-man. It is  such lots of fun,   ���������.'.���������-*'.  Although he's    very    hard an" black  when all his bakin's done;  Most nobody    will  eat    him!      It's  strange, but it is true,  He   never ,  tastes    at   all   at    all   as  Mother's cookies do!  ���������Congregationalist.  Persia Badly Governed  .   Teacher: Now, children,    here's an  example in mental arithmetic.    How  old would a person be Avho was born  in 1888? '    ���������    *  ���������Pupil: Was it a man or a Avotnan?  A Large Empire That Is Sadly Behind the Times  To Persia falls the lot of being one  of the Avorst-govcrned- countries in  the family of nations. The Persians  haA-e been under a typically Oriental  form of government for centuries.  The average man takes no interest.jn  his government. If you meet a Persian on the street and ask him "What  is the name of your king?" he will  ansAver: "The king's name is sacred  and'the common people >are not supposed to know it, but ask the priest  of the A-illage, and he Avill tell you." I.  venture to. say that- less than half of  the subjects know the name of their  sovereign.���������"��������� They only knoAV enough  to obey "Shah-in-Shah," "the king of  kings." ���������  The government has never ��������� done  anything that Avould make the inhabitants of Persia happy. Not a  single- mine or factory in Persia is  operated, not a single hospital or  public school is established by the  government. In a country twice as  large . as the German empire, there  are only 25 miles of railway, and  these arc owned and operated by a  Belgian corporation.  Throughout the whole of Persia no  modern agricultural implements are  to be found. From the soAvirig of the  seed to the threshing of the wheat,  and from the weaving of a rug to the  finishing of a packsaddle, all. the labor is performed by theiiands of the  weary peasant.���������From "The Persia  of Today," by Youel R. Mirza, in the  American Review of Reviews.  Object Lesson in Crop Rotation  At Ohio experiment station Avheat  grown continuously on the siyne  ground has given an average yield of  7. 1t2-bushels* per acre for] twenty  years. In a five-year rotation-it has  given twenty-two bushels an acre  Avhere manure has been applied to  the wheat crop, and in a three-year  rotation, wheat folloAving manured  corn, the wheat itself receiving no  manure, has averaged tAventy bushels an acre. ���������  Sappleigh:    I    love    simple    things  above all else-  Miss Keen: I've noticed Iioav self-  satisfied you  are.  Mr.   Sapleigh.���������Ex.  Methods  Followed  With  Success at  " -Experimental Station  Below are given some results obtained at the Experimental Station,  Cape Rouge, Que., in the cheap wintering of idle horses. The methods  followed and the feeds " used Avere  such as to-make the plan applicable  to", and'Avorth a trial.in, practically  all^parts  of the Dominion.  Help    is~ scarce,  high-priced,    and'  oftentimes   unreliable,  so   thai   larger  implements and more working    stock ,  have  to  be  employed.     It  is  not always possible to buy a good team'at  a  reasonable  price'   in    the^   spring,  while it-is often hard to get a" decent  figure   for -the   same  animals., in' the  autumn.    It would thus'seem .advis--  able, when the ground freezes,, to. lay  aside, as it Avere, for-the  Avinter/ail  horses Avhich are not absolutely.",-"re- '  quired and  to  feed ihem  as, cheaply-.,  as  possible  'without  impairing  their;'-  future usefulness.       " '-     - ���������' ���������-,*- ���������  To gather data upon'this subject,  an  experiment,   was    started."at.   the  Cape "Rouge Station'in 1911, and^ lias ���������  been    continued during five 'Consccu-,  live  Avinters,   Avith  mares' * and  geld- ���������  ings,    some    nervous,  others ; quiet,  aged five'to eighteen years: - ft    has"  been found that they fared wcll-o'h,a.  daily ration of one pound mixed hay, '  one pound oat straAv, and one   pound-  carrots or swedes for each one h"un-'  dred pounds  of  their    Avcight. -;Not  only    did   they  gain    an   average  of  twenty-nine  pounds  during  the    five  months of the test, but they showed  the   folloAying   season   that   they   had-  lost no vitality nor.energy-.  The rulcv_gcncrally foIloAvcd Avas to  gradually   .cut down the - work,, also  the feed, from November 1  until November  15,   wvhcn   the  animals  under  lest were placed in box stalls.   They '���������  never    went .out  during " the -winter,; <  with  the  exception  o,f an  occasional  drive of a  mile or so.    On April'15,'  easy jobs Avere given  to ,them and a  small  quantity of concentrates^,, -was1-'  allowed   until   by   May d   they "could-  be under harness'ten hours a day and  Avere on full feed.   These are important points     not  to be  forgotten:, to   ���������  lower and   raise  the  ration   little  by  .little, and to leave the horses practically idle.    " - r '  If horses,   due   to  a  hard   season's--  work , are    iu Ioav , condition,  .they. :  should    be  fed  up    to  their  norma"!,  weight before being left aside for the  winter,   and. enough   exercise  should  be allowed during that period to pre- , -  vent   stocking.     Another good  thing"  is to give" a purgati\-c so as  to clean  out the system .before the long -rest.  One should also remember that some  animals  arc  more, restless..than  others and.dissipate more energy,   which  means    that   more  food    ay ill  be  required, so  that  the above mentioned  quantities should be increased or decreased slightly, according to circumstances.  Mixed hay, for this purpose, can be  of any grass or Aveed which horses  Avill eat) must not-be moulds' or musty, and should not be worth more  than half of- timothy. Roots may be  carrots, mangels or swedes, though  the first arc always liked, and the -  two latter arc sometimes refused at  first, which requires skill on the part  of the feeder to have enough eaten;  if roots are not given, bran should  form part" of the ration, as animals at  rest will soon get costive and Avill  not thrive very well on dry roughages alone. * Oat straw should'be used, as it is more palatable than other  sorts.  It Avould probably be Avell to chaff  at least half the hay and straAv, but  as the idea is to lower i expenses,  there seems no doubt that the cost of  cutting these roughages would be  greater "than that of the extra feed  necessary to supply the energy used  in masticating them. .The roots were  Sliced, most of the time, for the experiments, and it seenis'better to give  the'ra thus, though it is not absolutely necessary, as long as they are not.,-.-..  of such ' sizes as to be swallowed .  whole, when there may be danger of  choking.^     - :.���������'���������'���������.'.'.*.  It Avas noticed at Cape Rouge that  the legs of horses kept in box stalls,,  and fed as previously described, did  not stock up. If/ there is no box  stall, it is advisable to turn the animals out.; every day, Avhen ihe weather permits, so tliat they may take  some exercise. In this case, it is  probable that somewhat more Iced  will be needed, to make up for the  lost energy and heat. As to the number of times to feed, it seems that  twice a day is sufficient, and that  about the same quantity can be 'given  both morning and evening.  Tennis Player Like Tramp  Maurice E. McLoughlin, the lawn  tennis champion, was talking about  a player who had failed to make  good. .'.'*.  "The   man   doesn't   train,"  he   said.  "He Avon't work.      He    won't    deny   '"  himself.     His  disposition    is  r.   good  deal like the tramp's:  '"Want a job 'diggin' potatoes;" a  farmer asked a tramp.  "'Yes,' the tramp: answered, 'if yc  mean diggin' 'em. out o' gravy.'".���������  Chicago News.   Natural Phenomenon  "This is the smallest, fifty pounds  ot ice I ever saw," said the kitchen  lady. *.*...  .:   '  "Permit .'.me.' to inform you, madam _ said the high-broAv iceman,  that the apparent snlallhcss is due  to the intensa^col'd-to -Avfiicih we subject our ice in the process of nianu-  tacture, thereby producing the closest  contraction."-���������Boston  Transcript  ^���������^^^M^^mwriw,^,^^^^^^^,^^^,  W^JBWI^IWHO^^  JwnaraowpajG-waE'^^ m^MM$m&������i  in^siss  THE      GAZETTE,      MEDLEY,'      B.  Birds and Agriculture  Farming   Could   Not   Be   Successful  ..     Were it Not for the Help  of the Birds  Where the birds of the field are  undisturbed they tend to hold the  grass insects in check. On the other  mand, when the numbers of birds in  the field are for any reason insufficient, the insects increase.  Here is an instance" of this:"   Some  years ago in BridgCAA'ater,    Mass.;    a  .great battue was held'by the ignorant  . townspeople in the spring of the year  -and  so many field  birds  were  killed  that their dead bodies were ploughed  into ,the land for manure   The following summer whole fields of grass j  withered away and   died.     This  Avas  -due, solely to the fact that the  num-  ' ber of field- birds had  been reduced,  ~''-u- in     consequence     the    pressure  , Avhich* nature demands the field birds  i shall exert upon  the field insect had  .been released.       ' -  '   Again, at one time in Ncav Zealand  .-it  was  no  uncommon"    thing  to  sec  .English,grass' Avither up in large patches, as "though scorched by fire. This  *',Avas due-to the Avork-of a crane fly  smd click beetle,    the larvae of both  -ol "which were'addicted to.'the habit  of eating the roots of the grass, just  -under-the surface.. English grass was  '.then comparatively limited in the up-  jxountry districts,   "and,  aH-there are  * "Jargc tracts of land in- New Zealand  .-destitute of native grasses, the depreciations of these insects became a serious mailer to those settlers who had  'stock to* feed and avIio  were  relying  ,.011  the  English grass to feed-it.    It  --was all the more serious because the  -insects    were    without  any    natural  check -the   native     birds   which   had  kept  them in subjection  before-   the  advent of the Avhite man having been  either- killed or driven from the vicinity of the homesteads. - So the bee-  -tles   continued    to make    merry,"   to  -marry, and to multiply.    In a corresponding ratio the grass continued to  ��������� tade,   to   wither,   and   to   die.     Then  -cameahe English starling, and so voraciously did it feed    on  the larvae  .-that soon'all Avas-green again.,    -  i - ir"T^hei] the Mormo������s first settled in  ,/ , --Utah,- their crops Avere destroyed ut-  ,    '_terly���������by myriads    of black crickets  ���������* that streamed doAvn from the moun-  ���������     tarns..    Promising fields  of.Avheat'in  \   ihe morning were by evening"as bare  ;     as   though     the   land    had  not  been  .    -.sown.     Ihe.first  year's  crop  having  been     destroyed, the Mormons   'had  ,-    -sowed    seed  the    second year,    and  - , j������gain the cron -promised well. But  -. .again Jrhe crickets appeared, devour-  ���������'    ing. every blade     of Avheat,  and  the  ipllowers   of  Joseph   Smith.Avere   on  - *   the verge of starvation.   Al this junc-  - ture' Franklin's    gull  came  by    hundreds    of    thousands,    and,    feeding  - "greedily *on   the  crickets,   freed     the  -^cdsr������,t"the pest- The settlers at  bat Lake regarded the advent of the  gulls as a heaven-sent miracle, and  practically canonized the birds.  In the Union of South Africa it is  found   that  near  tOAvns,   where  birds  '   JlaYe,b.een more especially persecuted  and driven away, the growing of fruit  ���������   and other    market produce    has be-  -come    increasingly difficult - ot even  ,.  impossible OAving    to  the prevalence  of insect pests which are not affected  Tsy spraying operations.  . ���������-���������-   Birds,   unquestionably    are  one  of  man s _most* valuable possessions, yet  ���������it-Ms* just the possession on which he  ���������sets   the least value.  Victoria Cross  Rarity of the Distinction Adds to Its  Splendor  The V. C, still sparingly bestoAved,  is an honor more gloriously gained  than ever; and' at each appearance  of a new list of awards one may well  think Avith a smile of the days, so  short a time ago, when serious attention used to be paid to those discerning persons among us Avho were  A\ont to announce, to the Avorldy including Germany, that' Ave Avere a  degenerate people, Avith the old root  of valor no .longer in us. It is often  said, and every Avearer of the V. C.  knows it to'be true, that the Cross  is carned.-a hundred times \yithout  recognition for every time"that it is  bistOAved. -The taciturn private Avho,  when asked, how; he -won his V. C,  answered "that "the colonel was "looking his way," - expressed the, -consciousness of the army at large on  this subject; .and General; - Gordon  went so far as to disprovei" > of the  institution altogether on the ground  that there Avas nothing 'to choose  in the matter of bravery among all  those Avho were fit to' Avear .the  Queen's uniform. But that "was counsel of perfection; and', there is no  doubt that the rarity of the distinction adds to its splendor, even in the  eyes of those Avho best know Iioav  much true heroism goes unremarked  ?nd unrcAvarded. r '-  Discovers German  a. Science Secrets  -   Work Together  Excellent   Advice   for   the   Country  Boys of Today  Success    in the future will depend  - on. Avorking together.    Therefore, the  boys of today must learn obedience  and subordination to one another, in  order that as they grow up they" may  ..co-operate.    If farming is ever - to be  a    maiter    occupation    the    farmers  must co-operate, find their OAvn leaders"; and stand by them. . -   /  . "A sense of honor and obligation is  essential  -to  success,    for-the  same*  reason. *( The farmer of 50 years ago  needed to be independent and had to  decide   everything  for  himself.     The  farmer  of today needs   to  deliberate  .and   to  remain faithful  to  the agreement he makes with:his felloAV farmers.  'Country boys must, learn to use the  materials at hand- This is the essence of living successfully in the  country. You must be a creator. You  must take dirt and make of it living  things and even human health and  courage.  ���������The country boy must respect him-,  self and en-joy himself. He must  stand on his OAvn feet. He must not  be afraid to be poor or to live close,  and he. must know how-to-enjoy'-his  life as it is, and to think it the best  life in the avorid.���������Warren Wilson.  Many Trade Secrets Heretofore Held  By Germans Have Been  -    Unearthed  When the story of-the Avar is Avrit-  ten it Avill be found to contain an interesting.chapter upon the part played in it by the scientific authorities  of the allied nations. Already secrets  relating' to the manufacture of metals, - gasses, guns, and . submarines  have been unearthed by a variety of  methods outside' the enquiries of the  professional' spy.  '  Professor Percy Groom, of .the Imperial College, of Science, has 'just  given proof of the discovery of the  German's method in the manufacture  of artificial hard-Avood. At the last  analysis it only, took a number of  scientific men appointed' for the purpose a short time to discover the secret and Avithin three hours Professor Groom had' made every grade of  grey sycamore from the lightest silver to the darkest black.  If $2,500 had been spent on plant it  Avould have saved thousands of  pounds on one proposition alone. Pie  noAV suggests the establishment of an  Imperial Timber Bureau in London  in connection Avith an''institution  having not merely a timber department, but also Avell-equipped chemical and engineering departments and  the provision of Avorkships. He has  no doubt that by research conducted  by.'the co-operation of piano-makers  with a physicist, a steel expert, and  a timber technologist, they could  soon learn the secret of "making pianos at the price Avhich rendered the  best German pianos so popular.  British Flag- on the Job  Stefansson and the  North-West Passage  May Find a Different and More Practicable Commercial Route  Thatr VilhjalmaV Stefansson, commander of the Canadian Arctic expedition, may try to negotiate the  Northwest Passage by a different and  what is said to be a more commercially practicable route than that  ! which Amundsen took, is the announcement of George H. Wilkins,  \s ho has been second in command  to Stefansson for the past two years.  Wilkins it Avas who, in an auxiliary schooner only 65 feet long, battled his way "through the ice fields  for 600 miles to, Stcfansson's relief  Avhen the explorer and the two  sturdy men avIio - accompanied him  on his trip over" the ice-of the Arctic  Ocean from Martin Point, Alaska, to  Cape Alfred, Banks' Land, Avere almost, universally believed dead.' He  Avas then promoted to be second in  command.  - Stefansson's ship, - the .Polar  Bear, at present lies in an advantageous position in Prince of Wales  Strait. She is a staunchly built vessel, 85 feet long, .and equipped Avith  gasoline engines of 75 horsc-pOAver,  and it is Stefansson's belief that if  the 169 miles -to ' Winter Harbor,  across���������McClure - Strait, can be successfully negotiated,, the balance of  the journey through Melville Sound,  BarroAV Strait, "Lancaster .Sound,  Baffin Bay and Davis Strait, thence  up the .St. LaAvrence to Montreal,  will present no difficulties.  If Stefansson's boat is not wrecked  by the ice, and the voyage - is successful, it will be' the first time in  history that a ship has sailed from  the Pacific into the Atlantic by  either of the-northern routes.  ' Wilkins reports that Stefansson  now has with him 15 Avhite men and  19 Eskimo men and women, the men  to kill game, drive dog teams -and  assist generally in the chores, and  the AA'omen to sew skin clothing for  all the members of the party.  The Rope of Four Strands ~  Irrigation in the Movies  Educational   Film    Released   by   the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  A new tAvo-rcel film has just been  released by the Canadian Pacific  Railway with the title "Irrigation  Farming," depicting scenes in the  Cahadian Pacific Irrigation Block  immediately to the east of the city  of Calgary and in the vicinity of  Lctlibridgc.  This film, which Avas taken during  the past summer, illustrates the entire process of irrigation, Avhich to  many people is somewhat in the na-  tuie  of a  mystery.     Making - ,i  start  German Propaganda  Has Foothold in Spain  Had a Good Line of Talk to Suit the  Wishes of Everyone  The outbreak of *\\ar found the  Spanish people utterly bewildered.  An almost complete ignoi.incc of the  state of Europe, a dread of being  dragged into a quancl tli.it they did  not understand and A\crc not prc-  patcd for, tendered thcin peculiarly  sensitive to pressure or suggestion  from whichever side il came. Such  pressure and suggestion* made itself  felt the moment war was declared in  Zeppelin Raid Philosophy  V'-*'There .w.as excitement, certainly;  but there was no fear ��������� not among  ;iny class of the people. Trains Avere  deranged, ..busses .we're stopped, arid  tjhere was a host of inconvenience;  aye, and'many.people...were-killed and  wounded,- but-nobody ran aAvay from  London-next morning���������at all events,  ,tloti( many. Everybody ''was prepared  t.o stick it,' to see even the ordeal  through, but to remember it at the  end-of the business when it came to  counting up r.the score.:with the en-  , emy. What Ayas.if to have a Zeppelin sailing over London, Avhen our  men in the trenches over in Flanders and .France were lying days on  end under a perpetual shower of  cruel shells? It was nothing.���������James  Milne, in the Fortnightly.  Twenty Americans Rescued at Tam-  pico  By British  Navy  In  a     letter,-  Captain     William J.  MacDonald,"   of    Mariners'    Harbor,  tells a plain  story of the escape    of  twenty    Americans from    the Mexican mobs at Tampico in April, 1914,  when- American  bluejackets  Avere taken  from  a  launch    on  the' Panuco  river    and    war    Avith v the    United  States seemed  to be only a question  ofdtours.     Nowhere  in     the  harbor  could    Captain- MacDonald    see the  flag- of his country afloat, not a Avar-  ship being in sight, when he arrived  with his party at the water front after .a perilous journey of seventy-five  miles from:    the interior.    "But    the  ^British  and   German  flags,"  the   old  sailor says, "were  oil  the job,"    and  then he tells us:    "By good fortune  we had the son of Captain.Turner, of  the Cunarder- Lusitania, Avith us. Our  flag had deserted us, but the flag of  Britain     sticks     by     its     nationals.  Through  Turner  we had  the flag  of  the British navy carry us to safety."  Twenty Americans saved by the "meteor flag  of  England," the 'flag  that  protects its nationals; and Old Glory  nowhere iu sight!    Saved by the son  of  Captain  Turner of that  Lusitania  that Avas to be sent unwarned to, the  bottom  off Kinsale  Head,   Avith     102  Americans,    men,  Avomen  and  children,   in   about   a   year  by, a   German  submarine,    Avhose  commander    Avas  to be decorated  for the achievement  and the atrocity!    What bitter memories  the  recital  brings up again! ���������  Why Lord  Northcliffe Thinks  Huns  Will Fail  "I Avould like your opinion," 1 asked Lord Northcliffe, "on one point,  which Avould be of great interest' to  me. I have considered this Avar as  a rope made of four" strands: 1, military; 2, economic; 3, political; 4,  psychological. Both sides"have these  elements to consider, and the ability of either side to continue the waits dependent on its total strength or  resultant force Avhich is the rope  made up of these,four strands.. This  rope is no stronger' than its Aveakest  strand, and I want to knoAv Avhich  element you consider most likely to  fail  in  the   German  situation."  He considered the matter for a moment, then -said:  "I believe the psychological strand  will be the Aveakest in the German  situation. The German people have  been "fed on illusions and 'lies, and  Iioav is the .German government going to explain defeat to its people?  "Their papers tell them that the  Zeppelins have reduced London to  ruins^ ��������� and the French soldier* arc  starving.-    "    -  "the other day al ihe front I met  a former friend of mine, an officer  in the German army, Avho had just  been taken, prisoner. I greeted him  and asked if I could serve him. He  said that he Avanted nothing, that  his situation as prisoner Avas simply  a fortune of Avar, but he did not regret that London had been so destroyed. I assured him that it Avas  not, but he only smiled and shook his  head and said he knew positively and  on the best authority that Victoria  Station Avas laid Avaste. Some day  people who have-been so deceived  will demand a reckoning. What will  the Germans do Avhen they learn the  truth? Unless the German psychology breaks down or some extraordinary military act causes a crisis, the  War may continue for two years  more. Germany has been preparing  for this Avar since Frederick I., and  she cannot be crushed in a moment."  ��������� Jessica Lozicr Payne, in 'the  Brooklyn Eagle.  and before nuny ,clays were, over-the  country as as firmly in its, grip. The  active and plausible gentry who  operated from the German embassy  iii' Madrid and from' the office in  Barcelona soon-had, it'firmly established in the minds of Spanish clerics' that the kaiser \yas coming to  increase the power' of.the church,  suppress free thought, and restore  the temporal power of the Pope; in  the heads of the .officers of the army  and navy that the German hosts  were invincible and that their triumph Avould inaugurate a golden era  of smart uniforms for officers and  discipline for everybody else; and in  the minds of the upper classes generally that the kaiser's dearest wish  on the attainment of victory was lo  tcstore Gibraltar to Spain, allow her  a free hand in Portugal, and make  her the chief power in Morocco; that  he AA'o.uld put a .muzzle on democracy, and inculcate a wholesome respect for authority and a proper rc\r-  crence for privilege.���������London 'Times.  Good Effect of War Diet  in     the    Rocky    Mountains,     small J the shape of,the German propaganda,  streams  of  water  are   seen   trickling        ' '   "  from_ the melting glaciers and shoav-  fields   in   the   neighborhood   of   Lake  Louise,   arid" running   in   due   course  into the Boav River.   A caption "The  Hotter the Weather, the Grealcr the  FIoaa"," explains that this system has  great advantages  over some systems  that do not derive their water supply  from  glacial  regions," and Avhich,    in  hot  weather,' which  is' just  the  time  that  the water is needed- most,--  arc  lowest in volume.  .Views of the Bow River follow,  showing in turn the beautiful resort  Banff, the hydro-electric plant at  Kananaskis Falls, and ��������� the city of  Calgary, where the headgate's that divert Avatcr for the irrigation of the  Avestern section of the irrigation  block arc seen. Then eighty miles  farther, come .he Bassano Dam,"  nearly 8,000 feet in length, which  banks_ up the Bow River into a reservoir to supply the eastern' section  A-rith Avater, the Brooks Aqueduct, a  concrete flume Iavo miles long that  carries sufficient water to irrigate  125,000 acres across a wide valley  at a height reaching a maximum of  sixty feet, and other notable engineering features  of the  systems.  The Avater is successively traced  from the main canals into the secondary canals that serve districts and  then into the laterals that serve individual farms. Farmers are seen preparing their land for irrigation," by  levelling and digging ditches. How-  irrigation is practically applied is illustrated by scenes shoAving"a farmer,  having prepared - furrows down the  fields that he- intends to irrigate,  placing a canvas dam" in the lateral  that runs by the side of or through  the field, thus diverting the Aoav of  water into these furrows. Other methods of irrigation, such as the "border'' method, are also demonstrated.  Il is this part of the film that will  probably be most educative lo those  people to Avhom irrigation, that is to  say, hoAV the water is got on the land,  is a mystery.  Crops pi various.kinds are seen ���������  alfalfa, grain, potatoes,���������and reaping  and threshing follow the sequence  along. Live stock of all kinds illustrate the importance of the dairying  and li\restock industry in Alberta. Finally, after brief flashes of some of  the industrial establishments in Calgary, such as flour mills and packing  plants, "in Avhich the raAV materials  are converted into the finished food  products, the shipment, of them to  consumers at home and abroad, first  by train and then by steamer, is  shown.  The film is being bandied in Canada by the Department of Coloniza^  lion and Development, Canadian Pacific Railway, Calgary, and * in the  United States by'the Bureau of Commercial Economics, Real Estate  Trust _ Building, Washington, D.C. If  it is '*. in -your neighborhood, do not  fail to see it. If you want'to'get it  displayed, please Avrite either of these  tAvo addresses and it will be arranged if possible.  Boy Officers  Air Raids in Germany  Coming in the Near Future  I have seen boys almost fresh;from  a public-school in whose faces there  Avere'.'.two personalities expressed; the  one full of the light hearted, reckless,  New  York Sun.  For the first time in his life the un-  intellectual man had been lured into  a museum. Among the scientific  treasures shoAVn him by his intellectual friend Avas a case full of stuffed  birds. There.was. one specimen that  rather interested him. He asked  what it was, and was told that it Avas  a cassoAvary. -  "I have heard of the cassoAvary."  said 4he unintellectual man, "but vhid  is not my idea of it."  "Perhaps* not," said his friend,  "but it is God's idea."���������New York  Times.  Mrs. Hiram Offcn: Supposing,  Bridget, I deduct from your Avages  the cost of all the dishes you broke?  Bridget: Shure, mum,"in that case  it s meself 'd be like the dishes.  f-ield-Marshal French has expressed the belief that the next attempt  uP������n London by the enemy's airships  Avill be on a colossal scale. The continued advance of the British lines  in France toAvard the German frontier Avill be the best Avay of dealing  a bloAv at future attacks on London.  [And as indicative of Avhat may be expected a Frenchman took an aerial  trip the other day into Germany going as far as Strassburg. He' actually covered 300 miles'of the enemy  territory and dropped at very inconvenient points some 30 deadly bombs  He returned Avithout any attack upon  his machine. If, with the Allies'  forces'some, considerable distance  from the enemy's frontier, such a  teat is possible, Avhat may be looked  for when our troops can see the rapid  flowing current  of the Rhine?  irresponsible vittflity of boyhood, and  the other scarred Avith the anxious  lines of one to Avhom a couple.of  hundred exhausted and nerve shattered men haA'e looked, and not looked in A-ain, for leadership and  strength in their grim extremity,  From a boy in such a position is required something far more difficult  than personal courage. If we praise  the boy soldier for his smile in the  face of shells and machine guns,  don't let us forget to praise still more  the boy officer who, in addition to  facing death on his own account, Iris  lo bcai- the responsibility of the lives]  of a-, hundred other men. There is  many a man of undoubted courage  whose nerve Avould fail to bear that  strain. ��������� From the Spectator. (London).  Health of Nation Has Been- Improved By Eating Less  j According to a medical correspondent oflhe Daily Mail,-it-is now established that people are eating less  than before the Avar, and" 'there are  many evidences that the health of the  nation has improved.  . One group of patients, those in a  chronic state of sluggish indigestion  from over-eating and too little exercise, have largely disappeared from  consulting rooms. It is too early yet  to see Avhethc'r the neAV habit of eating less is having any effect in lessening the prevalence of hardening  of the arteries, kidney disease, heart  troubles, gout and rheufnatism.  The greatest reduction.has been in  meats, eggs, sugary foods, and jams.  Our consumption of meats and eggs  can be reduced with benefit. With  sugar, the case is, different. There is  no evidence that avc eat too much of  this very valuable food. Even before  the Avar many people were in a constant state ..of loAvered health from  the lack of it. Anj' saving in meats,  therefore, can well be expended on  sugary foods.  Many people have learned by ex-''  perience that a sweet dish after .a  meatless meal or one Avith a reduced ration of meat gives the same satisfying effect as a larger and heavier  meal Avithout the sweet- Some West  End restaurants are taking advantage  of this. Though their meat portions  are reduced they give generous helpings of sweet dishes. The patron is  satisfied, the restaurant saves money,  and, incidentally, the patron is served Avith a meal much more physiologically correct.  An Unaccepted Invitation  How   British   Tommies   Made  Fritz  Look Foolish  A   AA-ounded  machine   gunner,   no\i  m     hospital   in  England,     tells  a  remarkably good story of Iioav a party  of British-Tommies  recently adopted  a clever juse Avhich made Fritz look  foohsh.   It Avas found out that it was  the  intention   of  the   Huns   to   place  more   barbed   wire. in   front   of  their  lines that,night, so about 15 men left  the British trench    and    formed links  of a human     chain  reaching    to  the  German lines, which were only about  a  hundred  yards aivav.     The  enemy  were   sending   lip   no   star   lights,   so  tliat  the  Tommies,   with   a   subaltern  in charge of them, were able to crawl  into .position   quite  unnoticed.     They  had    scarcely completed    the  formation  of  their   chain  before     the  Germans   began   to   throw     out   of   their  trench  on  to  the ground in front the  various     tools    and    materials    thev  would  require.    The first  man  in  the  British   chain     grabbed   them,  passed  them   back   to   the   man   behind   him,  who   in   turn   handed   them   on,   until  they were  safely, landed   in  the  British trenches.    By" the time the British  had reached their trench the German  party was  in-the open, and the men  Fish mothers  of nurseries    in     theiTCre .lju.siI>'   CI11Ployed   searching   for  North Sea have had the time of their1 "yssing Avire and tools.   Suddenly  Fish Thrive on War  '  Mfethod in His Madness  Sandy (av!io is Avorking up his better  half  for a   small   loan):  Ye  ken  Avecl   Maggie,  if you  avis tae dee,  I  should gang daft.  ������������������ Mrs. Sandy."-Ah' then. ye'd   marry  again, I suppose!  Sandy:  Na, na!    I Avouldna    tram?  as daft as that.���������-Sketch. B  lives in these last two years. l ne  North Sea abounds with fish, and  when the Avar is over it Avill be absolutely packed.' This sounds a  SAveeping statement, but the fact that  the number of traAvlcrs How working is less by some1 three thousand  than it was in peace time accounts  for the overcrowded  nurseries.  The quantity of fish taken from the  North Sea grounds has fallen by. a  third 'since the fishing.; areas have  been so. greatly restricted.  Haddock have particularly enjoyed  the rest they deserved, as for the  last ten years their numbers had  been sadly diminishing. When it is  remembered that each female had-.-!  dock produces 800,000. eggs each, season, something, of their increasing  numbers may be guessed  a rocket hissed up from the British  lines, and revealed by its pitiless light  the entire party was practically wiped out by a stream of lead from a  machine gun. Later duringthe same  night a second German party attempted., to .get.-to work, -with-, equally  disastrous results.; At dawn a notice board appeared over the British trench bearing, in German, the  words, "If you .want your Avire, come  and fetch it." The crestfallen Germans did  not  accept the-invitation  The Fly in the Ointment  Caller: How pleased vOu must be*  lo find that your neAv "cook is ������������������  stayer. ��������� ���������'.-*''  Hostess. My dear, don't meiuion  it! She's a stayer, all right, but im-  fortunately she's not a cook.  4  X  >  >  ���������A"  ���������to the    Gazette,    hedley,,    b. ' a  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  Realism  The Author; Well, how did you  like my play? Didn't you lliink Ihe  church scene realistic?  The Critic: Intensely so. Why, a  great many ol" us actually went to  sleep   while il was on.  fraa  i '$;  {1KB*  ESp*"  Sr������s'      ..-  ���������*>  tH  t"J  f-iwj-tj  FOR those on your  Christmas list to  whom you wish to give  something that combines good.taste, beauty  andutility,select\Vater-  man's Ideal Fountain  Pen. It lasts for years,  perpetuatingtheChrist-.  mas sentiment, and  more and more emphasizing its value as an  article of everyday convenience.  Plain or gold and silver  mounted in all sizes and  styles. Whateverj-ou wish  to pay, little or much, you  can give the genuine  Waterman's Ideal, recognized the wot Id over as  the standard fountain pen.  At Best Stores.  Self-Fllllne, Safety. Pocket or  Regular types ��������� $2.50, J4.00,  $5.00. up to $150.00. Pen points  exchanged after Christmas to  suit any imad.  J L. E. Waterman Company  -i.nitei  .tfoutreal  Have you got sonic wabbits wiv you?  Did you see G'anpa?"  "1���������J���������i t,xw sonic lovely dogs-,  Dibs," answered 'Mabin, Irctnblirig,  and on the verge of tears as she closed her arms round the child.  "Why didn't' you bwiug /.cm v\iv  you, AJabin? Dibs yikes dog-;," said  (he boy reproachfully.  "Well, they were too big to come  in the train," said she.  ,. "Zen you might have made zem  Avuii along wiv it,-" persisted the boy.  "Will von tt>kc mc to sec ze dogs,  AJabin?"  "J'm afraid not, Dibs. I'm afraid  you wouldn't be very happy where  they are," said she ' coaxingly,  "Wouldn't you rather stay with Mabin and Auntie, than go to a big  house where there are nice dogs but  people   who  arc   not   nice?''  "Dibs," however, fell more inclined to cry than to accept the situation  with fortitude. Mc had hoped something from this expedition, and he  Avas cA'idcntly disappointed.  "Didn't 3-011 sfce my g'anpa?" he  a.������kcd Avith a wry face.  AJabin was startled. Evidently  Mrs. Wrest had been too communicative.  She could not tell a deliberate lie  to   the   eager  child.  "Well, Dibs, suppose I did sec him,  won't you be satisfied not to sec htm  j-cl awhile, anel lo slay here quietly  with, us?"  .But the boy's face began to pucker  up, and be looked downcast at once.  Those tales told him by his father  during the long voyage had sunk  deep into the childish mind, and nothing less than a sight of the "wabbits" and of the pony would salisi'y  him now.  "There, there, don't cry," said Ma-  bin, cuddling him and kissing his  round cheeks. "Dibs wouldn't like to  be anything but a good boj**, would  he?   Papa told him to be good, didn't  nodded    Avith a    convulsive  X  &fc  In  Dainty  Gilt Box  Room  Nineteen  he.  Dibs  sob..  "It's easier lo be dood wiv wabbits!" he remarked plaintive^-. "And  I Avanl to see g'anpa. I want to see  him dweffly!"  There Avas a pause, for she didn't  knoAv what to say, and she rocked  him in her arms for a feAV minutes  Avithout speaking. Then both of them  heard the gate open, and a few seconds later there was a knock al the  door.  Mabin was in such a state of, agitation and excitement after her double journey and the events which had  occurred that she started to her feet  Avith an involuntary cry, jumping at  once to the conclusion that the visitor was in seme way connected with  what had taken place during that  eventful twenty-four hours since she  left  the maisonette.  The boy caught the infection of  her agitation, and, clapping his  hands, cried oul���������  "P'Avaps zat's Papa! Oh, may I  do and sec?" ^  She seized his arm to detain him,  and a moment later the servant opened the door of the room and admitted, without any announcement,  the .tall, stooping figure .of Lord  Moorhampton.  CHAPTER XII.  "Do you want to come with mc?"  "Why, yes, of course Dibs Avants  to do. And lo see Papa. Ts Papa at  ze big house?"  "No, Papa isn't there. We must  fry and find him," said he. Then,  looking up at AJabin, and speaking,  as she saw at once, Avithout any resentment at her action in running  aAvay, he said���������  "I am going to sec my lawyer this  morning. Hut I must .take the boy  with me. I can't trust you, Miss  Wrest, 3-0U know!"  Mabin blushed, and scalding tears  rushed to her eyes. J-Ic saw that he  had given her distress, and he added  kindly���������  "There, don't worn'* yourself about  it. I know*- you" meant to act for the  best. But 1 can assure you there is  no need for the alarm j'ou feel. If I  can be sure that my grandson is safe  with me, I'think you may be cqually  confident."  For a moment Mabin debated with  herself whether ".she should tell him  what she had heard in the nursery.  But she resoi\*-ed upon discretion, and  only murmured some, incoherent  words about having .been left in  charge of the boy by his father.  "Yes, yes, I quite see your claim.  And Avhat J propose is thai 3-011  should go back lo Heath Hill with  Ihe boy and mc. By the by, Avhat is  3-our name, my dear? Is it Ciprian?"  Dibs shook his head. *  "No; my name's ZooArus."       ��������� .'  Lord Moorhainpton's face brightened.  "Julius!" cried he. "WI13-, thai was  your uncle's name, and your greatgrandfather's. Oh, decidedly' you  arc Ciprian's son!"  He seemed to look upon this facl  as conclusive, and although he said"  that he-was going to ha\-c inquiries  made, and the boy's claims fully established; it was clear' that he himself Avas convinced. He insisted upon taking Dibs with him to his solicitor's office, much lo the distress of  botli Mabin and Airs. Wrest, who  nOAV entered the room, and was formally introduced.  _ She AA'as deeply impressed by the  viscount's dignity, and urged her  daughter to agree to go to Heath  Hill. So it Avas arranged that, Avhile  Lord Moorhamplon and the bo}'  Avere aAvay, Mabin should prepare for  return with him that afternoon.  Lord Moorhampton took Dibs  away Avith him in the cab he had kept  at the door, and Mabin thereupon  burst into hysterical tears, and sobbed out that she knew the boy Avould  be m���������in���������m���������murdered, that she  Avas  b���������b���������b���������breaking her word  to  lo  his  father, and  that she wffnlcd  d���������d���������droAvn herself.  But Airs. Wrcsj, who had lo the  full the British matron's respect for  the arislocracj-, of which she considered hcrsclf--as they all do���������a member, refused to allow the possibility  of any harm coming to the child  Avlyle he Avas under the roof of a Aris-  count, and Avas quite shocked al her  daughter's wild'accusations against  such a personage - as Lady Moorhampton.  She reminded Alabin that avc are  no longer in the fairy-tale days of  the "Babes in the Wood;" that wick-!  ed uncles don't exist nowadays, aud  she finally said that she didn't think  Mabin Avas so silly, and that' site  ought to be ashamed of herself.  AVhich, she considered,'ought to be  a final_ settlement of the matter.  Mabin went ��������� on crying quietly  Avithotil making any reply. By the  time ' Lord' Moorhampton returned  from the solicitor's office- her eyes  had almost'disappeared.- Bu'ljin spile  of her depression, the journey back  to Monford was rendered almost enjoyable by the ffatrio delight . of  -Dibs, who 'Avas in the best of spirits  until he fell asleep from sheer excess  of joy and the fatigue of running  about the compartment.  It Avas a trying moment for Mabin  Avhen they arrived at Heath Hill in  the motor-car Avhich had been sent  lo fetch them from the station, and  Avhen Lady Aloorhampton, Avreathccl-  in smiles which seemed'to the girl,  probably artificial, welcomed the  IraA-cllcrs in the hall.  And, omen of omens,. her brother  was standing behind her, Avith an expression of jovial good humor on,his  flushed face 'which did not deceive  Alabin into thinking that he * had  changed his mind as to his' conduct  towards the poor little usurper of his  baby uncle's place.  Lady Aloorhampton smothered the  boy AA'ith caresses, declared him to  be "a little darling," and overwhelmed Jiim Avith futile questions. - To all  of Avhich ..blandishments Dibs, Avho  A\-as preternaturally solemn, as if he  saw_ through this elaborate welcome,  replied with a steady stare of surprise and monosyllabic ansAvers.  When he Avas reproached for saying so^itllc, he asked a question in  his turn. Indicating Joe'' Wright, he  demanded gravely-���������  "Who's zat man wiv ze ugly wed  face?"  It Avas felt that the question Avas  lacking in tact, but Lady Aloorhampton laughed Avith her high-pitched  laugh, and affected to consider it a  triumph    of    humorous    description.  Wright    himself,    liowcvcV   me'relj'-l  ejaculated   ."D    the   brat!"   and! J  turning    on his, heel,    went into  IhijJ  billiard.-rooin and slammed the doorl  (To Be Continued.) jj  Buy Matches  As you would, any other-  household, commodity ���������  with an eye to full value.  When, you buy  '   You receive a generously-"  .   filled.box of Sure, Safe  lights,"  EX '  '    ASK FOR -  Eddy's "Silent     "  Parlor" Matches  -= '.-il  i  m  i=n!  One on Old Grouch  Farmer Hayrick: Mighty wet rainjj  hain't it, squire? " ",".       " '"'J  Squire Grouch: Ever hear of' raitWi  that Avasn't wet, you idiot? - "- , /  ' Farmer Hayrick:'Yes, I .did. Ami  cordin' to Scriptur, it once rained fire?]  and brims tun,, by, gosh I     ' - \  "Cheer  up,  old  boy," -advised  thej  married man.    "You know 'tis better^  to have loved and lost than never to.,"  have loved at all.'*1   * ,    ""'. -  ;!  "Yes," agreed the -rejected /suitor, (  jingling a bunch of-keys in his poc-1  -ket, "better for the florist, the con-,'  fectioner, the messenger boy, '. the'?  restaurant Avaiter, the taxicabmarij j  the theatrical magnate, and' the- jcaa'- ���������  cller." , , -       -ii  Rural P.C. to Artist: That's ' o'rUi  very Avell, you sayin' as it's only, ajj  cloud -study; but 'oav am I to knbwil  as that there cloud ain't a landmark \\  to 'clp the Germans bin case of bin-  Arasion?���������London Opinion.  :?\\ r,P^'-'���������-,-c/-*?'.:���������=.���������'-V'..^1*-^^''-.^:'-!*---*:c-. .-.���������;>A:.>'-,V.'--J-'V-^  ���������WWi-w^  BY-  FLORENCE WARDEN  WARD. LOCK 4 CO., LIMITED  - London, Meibaurtke, ud 1 tmit  %=  J  .   (Continued.)  Airs. Wrest, Avith that curious trust  iu her young daughter Avhich is a  characteristic of British mothers, had  felt no uneasiness about her, and although she welcomed the girl Avith  delight and fussed about her and  ordered hot coffee to be made and  eggs to be .boiled, she Avaited with  smiling, but sufficiently calm, interest  for the record of Mabin's doings.  In the meantime,'Julius had perceived her at the windoAv; he ran in  from the garden, breathless, rosy,  bright-eyed, and, climbing up to her  lap, put his little arms round her and  kissed her heartily. %.  "Did you see- Papa, Mabin? Have  you  bwought    him  back    Aviv    you?  '   " '      -  ��������� I IM ��������� ���������������������������Ifr,���������  When Your Eyes Need Care  t7������eHurineEyeMedicine. NoSmartiQc-reel*  Mae���������Acts Qulcblj. Try'It for Bed, Weak,.  Sore Eyes ana Granulated Eyelids. Murine Is  eompoiixtdeg by our Oculist*���������not a:���������Patent  Medicine"���������but used in successful Physicians'  Practice for many years. Now dedicated to  ���������the Public and sold by Di-ng-fistq g,t #*������ per  Bottle. Murine Eye SalTOlfl^e^ticfultes,  J5c and ������)c. Write tor b*rJi 0jt the Bye free.  Murine E������������ Remedy Company Obicaso. Adv  W.        N,        U.       1137  5. , Mabin hung her head'guiltily. She  ���������SSV .understood noAV. who 4it was' that had  in followed her, knew that the viscount,  awake--in , his'-study till a late hour  of. the night, had had his curiosity  aroused by the muffled groAvls of the  hound in the hall. She guessed that  he had left the house at once by the  .library windoAV and, concealing him-'  helf from her"yiew, which" he could  do easily enough, as he knew the  country well and she did not, had  come .up to town by the very same  train as herself.  HoAvever, there was some small  comfort in the fact that he did not  look angry; indeed, he appeared to  have no eyes for anyone but the  small boy who, standing in the middle of the floor, Avas gazing at him  open-mouthed.  "And is this the boy���������is this Ciprian's child?" he asked.  It Avas plain to Mabin that his  heart Avcnt out to the boy, that he  rejoiced frankly in the fate AA'hich  had thus .unexpectedly given him a  more satisfactory heir than the unfortunate and sickly child he had left  at Heath Hill.  Dibs seemed to have some inkling  of the truth. He Avas not a bit shy,  but giving his hand���������the left, of  course���������as soon as Lord Moorhampton held out his,* he-went up to him  with a confident smile.  "Who are you?" said he.  "Well, I think I'm your grandfather," said the viscount with a smile,  as.he seated himself in the chair Mabin offered.  Dibs sprang on his  knees  Avith  a  cry of joy.  "WabbitsI" ������houted._hc.���������"WabbU������  ������nd 'a''ponyI And ze big house ever  so big. Are you come to take me  back? Are you g'anpa?"  ( Lord Moorhampton was so much  I moved that he could scarcely ansAver,  but presently he satisfied the boy  that he Avas the very person indicated, and asked���������  Dr. Cisselfs Tablets are the Proved Remedy.  Take them for all Kidney & Urinary Troubles.  In these trying complaints Dr. Cassell's Tablets  are of proved value. They restore perfect efficiency  to the kidneys by nourishing the nerves which  control kidney-action, and thus enable th : system;  to get rid of uric acid and ol her im purities which are the cause  of Urinary Troubles, Biopsy, and Rheumatism. "  ,  Dr. Chas. 'Forshaw, D.Sc... F.C.S., etc., the well-known  scientist, says:' " I have thoroughly tested Dr Cassell's Tablets,  and can conscientiously recommend (hem As an eminently safe  ��������� and e'Tective remedy for all forms of nerve and bodily weakness. My knowledge of Dr CflsspJl's Tablets leads me to Ihe  opinion that the ingredients form a remarka bly potent medicine,  quite safe for young and old 111 cases of nervous prostration,  debility, anaemia, loss of fiesh, malnutrition, child..--n's weakness, spinal and nerve paralysis, and many forms of stomach  and kidney troubles."  Dr. Cassell's Tablets raise the vital standard of the entire  system, and thus promote kidney health and general health  . when other means fail.  Dr. Cassell's Tablets are Nutritive. Restorative, Alterative,  and Anti-Spasmodic, and of gseat Therapeutic value in all  derangements of the Nerve and Functional Systems in old or  young.   They are the recognised home, remedy for Nervous  ^Breakdown, Nerve and Spinal Paralysis, Infantile Paralysis,  Rickets, St. Vitus' Dance, Anajmia, Sleeplessness, Kidney  Disease, Dyspepsia, Stomach Catarrh, Brain Fag, Headache,  Palpitation, Wasting Diseases, Vita] Exhaustion, Loss of  Flesh,   and   Premature   Decay, v   Specially   valuable   for.  Nursing Mothers and during the Critical Periods of Life.  liiiiiffiliiililR  Druggists^.and Dealers throughout Canada sell , Dr. Cassell's  Tablets. If- not procurable in your city send to-the sole agents,  Harold F. Ritchie & Co., Ltd., 10, McCaul Ftreet, Toronto;  oo* tube 50 cents, six tubes for the price of five.  Bolt Fr*tn^4Uf$ :���������Dr. CgtaeM Co., I/d., Manchester, Kng.  6EIAFBEE SAMPLE  Send your name and address  and 5 cents for postage, etc., to  Harold F. Ritchie &> Co., Ltd.,  10, McCaul Street, Toronto, '.and  a generous SMfttple unit be mailed  ���������"" 'ret< of charge. i*"if  THE *   G3.ZETTE,     HEDLEY,     B.     C. .  4  1  Duke of Connaught  Remembers Boy Scouts  Jovril  makes, other,. foods  Sourish you/ ^ 11 has a Body-  lailding po\ver proved equal'  *frbm 10-ttf: 20; times -the  of    Boyril    taken.  lount  losses mm prevented  CUTTER'S BLACKLEG PILLS  ..ow-p riceri,  fresh,   reliable;  'l>r������ferrcab)r  i-estera   stotlc-  iaea.    because thAy  pi-otoct where other  .-lacclnra fall.  _ wrtte������orbooklctiodtesl!raoa!al<!. *--���������  UMo3Bpltf.ElachIeE Pills, $1.00  504018 pks. Blackleg Pills, $4.00"  RUseaay Injector, Ivifc Cutter's simplest aiuj strongest.  SThs superiority ot Cutter products is due to over IS  Kyezrs of speclalizini; in V'Cc-inbs and suruhs  PMKtLY. INSIST OM CUTTiai'S. IS unobtainable,  Etarderjdlrect. ��������� ^  \ Jdo.Cuttsr laboratory, BsrKslay; California  /  Nearly One Hundred Medals to Ec  Distributed  It * is announced "that His    Royal  Highness Ihe Duke of Connaught be  fore IcaA'ing Canada donated close on  one hundred silver and bronze medals for distribution in the interests of  the, Boy Scouls,<-AIoA!cment ^throughout Canada. - These medals bear the  effigies of their \Royal,Highnesses the  Duke    and ��������� Duchess* of-   Connaught  ���������with the loyal  coat of arms on the  reverse side.  \They will' probably., be 'distributed  as   aAvards. , in ,contests   designed  to  further  the  AA-ork   of  the  association'  in  this  country.    Announcement     of  the    exaci^terms  and    conditions  ol  these contests Avill be made ixv-   tin  near" future.,, ^Thc,,-Dukev-bf -Con-  naught's great' interest un, the*   Bo\  Scouts' cause is'-Avell-known^and this-  ft\rthci\ signal  proof "'off ^lis 'approval  Avilh'"be .greatly' appreciated both 'b>  the Scouts of Canada and by all their  friends.- * i    .  teiisaiadTs lake  Us mild, family remedy to avoid illness,  '"o improve and protect their health."  :'" keep  their blQod\pure,Vtheir  s'active, their, boAvels regular and'  ���������jestion sound and strong; with  *, $10GReward. $100  .,  The readers of thii paper ���������will b������A ������3*as������I  to-learn that there is at least',one dreaded  disease tKat science has been able ito cure in  all its stages, and that -is catarrh. -'Catairh  beiJiff greatly% influenced . by constitutional  conditions requires constitutional .treatment.  Hall's" Catarrh Cure ia "taken internally^ and  acts .through .the ^Blood on'the Mucous'Surfaces of the System, thereby destroying the  foundation of the  disease,  giving  the patient  'strength by building tip the constitution and  assisting nature in doing its work. The pro-  prietors  have  so   much   faith  in  the  curative  -pov/er1:-of Hall's Catarrh Cure that they oiler  One "Hundred Dollars for any case that it  fails, to cure.    Scud for list of testimonials  Address: F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo,  Ohio.    Sold by all Druggists, 75c.  Concrete Highways  Mother's Unending Work and   New Zealand Studying the Subject of  devotion drains and strains her j Go������d Roads  physical strength and leaves'   T,1C Ncw Zealand authorities, both  :������.������ ~,n.T. :..   J: 1 j   local    and    national,    aie    carefully  rlj-ing the .subject" of good roads,  realizing that this is the best AAay to  open up the hinterland of the Dominion. The roads of the country,  in the main, are not in very good  condition, There arc some good  stone roads about the larger cenLres,  but fcAV 'of them extend out more  than 25 or 30 miles. Their upkeep  has been found Arery* expensive, especially in the northern part of the  country, since the raitifall is heavy  and Avashouts aie numerous because  the stone Aiscd is soft and grinds up  rapidly,  * Of late, much has been said in regard to the construction of concrete  lnglnyays and.it is thought that this  Avill  dc  far cheaper in the long- run  its mark in dimmed eyes and s������u"  careworn   expressions���������she'  ages before her time.  Any mother who is weary  and languid should start taking  OF PUREST COD LIVER OIL  asastrengAeningfoodandbracing. than the -     --- ������---- ���������  tonic to add richness-to her blood I constructed, for the  reason  thai the  and build up her nerves before it  is too late.   Start SCOTTS  today���������its fame is world-wide.  No Harmful Drugs.  *   Scott &. Bowne, Toronto, Oat.       16-*  fu-jrest Sat a of Any SWerJicine in the World.  Sold ercrywhers.   jtn boxen. 25 centc  B'    f America's  Pioneer  ;jg Remedies  JTCOOIv  OJV  DOG; DISEASES  And How to Feed ,  MlSZoJ  free  io any  address 1>Tj  the Author  H. CLAY GLOVER CO., Inc.,  118 West 31st Street, New York  Rumania's Weakness   i  *-. The failure of the Rumanians ~to  Avithstandpthe onrush of "the Austro-  Ge'rman "forces in Transyh-ania is attributed to their lack of guns. They  also iaclc barbed'.wire, and a foolish  adherence to the old style of Russian  liench, - which -consists of a surface  "coA'cring, instead of a deep dug-out.  .The correspondent Avho Avriles thus  affirms tliat in leadership the'', Rumanian general's are urn-erscd in the  ncAAr. tactics of Avar.~-Instead of Rumania being prepared foi "tin- present  order of Avaifarc, they arc A'ery far  behind the limes.  lie NEW FRENCH REMEDY. Nol M02 N.3.  HCRAPION SSMS3  -at success, cui-ns chronic u-t tbHisss: lost vrcoit  .'ISl   KIDHF1T    BLADDER. DISEASBS    BLOOD   POI>=Ot������  ES     EITHER   NO   tMlbCCilbTS Or MAtt. SI    POST  ICM  Do It Noav.���������Disorders of ll/r al-  gesti\-c appnralus should be dealt  Avith al once t before complications  ansc thai may be difficult to cope  with. The surest remedy to this end  and one that is Avithin reach of all, is  Parmelec's Vegetable Pills, the best  laxative and sedative on" the maikel.  Dp not del 13-, but try them now. One  ttial Avill coiiA'ince anyone that thej  are the best stomach regulator that  can  be got.  .-, a Surgery and War  is- Made More Efficient By 'Lessons  --    * 'of the War  ' Humanity can only haA'c a faint  idea o. the great debt il oavcs in this  war to -modern surgery. Some of us  may^haA'e entertained a thought that  the surgical and medical treatment of  die soldier has not kept pace Avith  the horrible mutilations caused by  modern scientific machines of destruction.  An efficient medical service has a  great influence on ~the morale of an  army. A ^soldier has lo make great  sacrifices, and the knoAA-ledgc that  behind the guns is mobilized a highly  skilled army of surgeons and nurses  encourages him greatly. The inind  cannot conceive .what the horrors of  war would be' iiv the absence of the  Red Cross service.  There is a real comfort in the  knoAvledgc of Avhat surgical skill can  accomplish noAvadays.  All.,mothers can put away anxiety  regarding their suffering children  when " they have Mother Gia\-c's  Worm Exterminator to give lclief.  Its effects arc sure and lasting.  Forgetful  upkeep Avill be so verv greatly reduced.^ It is estimated" that a mile  of 12-ioot concrete road, 4 inches  thick could,be built in New Zealand  for $2,000 more than a mile of ordin-  arv stone road, on Avhich there Avould  be* a saving in upkeep for the first  five years of al least Sl,200, AA'hile at  the end of ten years there AA-ould be  a saving of $7,000 or $8,000.     ���������  Minard's Linimerrt Cures Diphtheria.  - *L  Germany's Coming   Mercantile Fleet  A Ayriter to the old Quarterly Re-  vicAV is telling an astounding story in  the pages of that magazine. In sub-  slancche says that 37,000 men are at  work in the three government shipyards at Whilemshaven, Kiel, and  Danzic, and 57,000 in the big private  yards. All these yaids are Avorking  24 hours a day. The object of this  laA-ish array of Avorkers is to erect  ships that Avill beat/anything yet on  the ocean, so that at one great stroke  of united action, the Germans Avill  capture the trade of the world.  E.W.GILLETT COMPANY LIMITED  TORONTO, OUT.  "������ MOMTHEAL  ;ai- j  The Object  "Concentration! . Concentration^  That is what we need in this age,"'  declared an incisive' voice, the voice  pi the young man familiar with mo-  dernT catchwords. B.ul his elderly  companion looked at him over her  spectacles.  "Perhaps T am wrong, but it seems  to me that it makes'a lot of difference what you're going to concentrate on," she ansAvered sloAvly," with  an indescribable little emphasis on  the last Avord.  She Avas right. The trouble with  the great mass of unsuccessful mankind is not so much lack of concentration as il is concentrating on a  wrong object."  Doctor Tells How to Strengthen  Eyesight 50 per cent In One  Week's Time in Many Instances  A   Free  Prescription   Tou   Can   Have   Filled   tolloviae the ainpfe rale,    Hera i������ the ft*  and  Use at Honu 6criptioa:   Go  to  any  active  drag- store  antS  LONDON.���������Do   you   wear   glasses?      Aro' n^^^fi11? ������.f..B??"0pt,������  uWets.     Drop one  a night in this  room.   "Lrc Aye 'aA_e  a complete set of 'is Avorks.  Intelligent Sightseer: .Lcfl 'cm behind, I suppose?  Freedom from Asthma- ���������.Asthma  is  one of the most distressing trou-  , Contracts for building a large num-  ......i>t.   ..������   ....wv.^..^.^ u. ir.Aii.oi    fOST  H CT3   '1 r , *I1 .       , .  c-.Aco.ss BECKM^bT^Mv.oRKoiz.iuANiiRns ���������Uel of .pulp mills are lepoited to have  been let in the-United  States.  3    white tor TREE uooic.ro Oi Lis Clebo  lUVEHSTOC-: KO  llAMTtTC^O   LOSDOt   En������.  lOG  'OMTO  fO CO IUVEHSTOC-: BO UAMTtTC^O  LOSDOS  En"S  fi.N2*.VDRAGSEtTASrEi: CSSIrORMO" 'EKSVTO TA'oi  -SAFf AND ^ ,   -  ._...___  ��������� LASTING CUR������,,  b; that trade MARitro word ,thj:iiapio!I  is on  VI. tiuvi siAu? At n -:cc XO ALL cemiuhb packst*.  (  umimmcmmE at home  Taunh' In "amplest Cnsllsh d Jnn������  fiparfil'ne. , IJipioma granted.  - Cost vithia ltich of all. Sitlsfec-  t on KU.u-antecd Ila'e been teaclv.  injr by correj.i>onacrice t\/cnty  > e ira Gradmtcs assls*ecl In many  ways liveir person interested is  stock si ould take it. AVrlte lor  catalogue and full E* Et ���������** BT  particulars   :   -      ������r ���������* & Km  iLondonVet.Correspondonott  School  i3eot   53   L������adoa, Ontario, Can.  RHEUMATISM MIKES  -     YOU FEEL  hlo<!     sudd-n   in   its   -itt'icl-s   itTil   nrn   ' Z.^Kt^"*   ���������   haz-f. w,th   or   without   classes.  Dies,   SUaci^U   in   US   attacks   ailU   pro-, but   after   using   thig   prescription   for   fifteen  longed     m   Its     agonies.      trcqucntly j days ercrythine seems clear.    I can eresi read  Pains   and   Aches   Yield to   Sloan's  . Liniment, the Family Friend  The\Heart of a Piano is the.  .Action,    Insist on the  HigeP Piano Action  COTfON   ROOfeCOMPOUN!)  A iuj'c, reiiaU: ligutollni m:dU.  cine. SoM i;i Hirer, degrees of  sttcnatlj. -No. 1, $l; Ko. 2, $3:  No. 'ii 15 per bos. S'bfd'W oil  drue*ff������st������, or sent prepaid in  p!nin imckuce on * receipt'ol  l������riec. Free paniphlot.Tyddrcsji  tut; cook mkdicinic co.  7'cronto, Or.t. {Fatrrxrty IVlndiorJ  When your 'joints become stiff,  yotir/chculalion poor, and your suffering mpkes you initablc, an application of Sloan's T.inimonl gives you  quick relief���������kills pain, starts up a  good circulation. rclicvc������ congestion,  ft is easier and cleaner to use than  mussy plasters or ointments, acts  quickh' and does not clog the pores.  It docs not r~t?in the skin.  ifou don't need to rub���������il pene-  IraLes.  Certainly fine foi rheumatism, stiff  heckj sciatica, lame back, toothache,  etc.-./!; .  -*��������� IJorispi-aiiis;;strains;:bruises, black-  and blue, spots, Sloan's JLinimc.nt reduces the pain and cases the sore1  -ncssi-''';-iV'*v;!\-"'' .:���������".��������������������������� **��������� *.-..������������������ r *..*���������-.���������'.  ;; Its use. is' so universal''that you'll  '"corisidci; Sloan's Ltnituen't a friend of  tlu; Avholc'family. Your druggi-Ft sells  "ir*in"25c.:50c':aiid $1.00 bottles.      -  many things arc tried, but nothing  seems to give hope of relief. Dr. I.  D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy is the  onc^ help A\hich can be depended  upon. Tf you haA'c tried other remedies Avifhoul success, do not fail to  get al once a package of this uniformly successful pieparation.  Seek Aid for War'Animus  you a Tictim of eye strain or other eye weak-1 ^������nJ?f" tf.b!et "..������ fourth ������*.a,?Ii"s ?j  nesse������f If so, 'you will be glad to know! J?A*T fPd aJIo,ar to duaol^a With thin Uqiutf  that according to Dr. Lewis there is real hope   .������'..?,,*** .e',es two to fonr, t,mes datly-     V������B  '"���������-      ������������.... - - *���������   anould notice your eyes  dear up  perceptibly  right from tie start and inflammation wilt  quickly diiappsoc. If your eyes are bothering you, esren s little, take steps to sare  thera now before it ia too late. Many hopelessly blind might haTe been sared if they Sari  cared for'their eyes in time.  Note: Another prominent Physician to  whom the abore article was submitted, laid:  Bon-Opto is a rery remarkable remedy. Ita  constituent ingredients are well known to eminent eye specialists and widely prescribed by  them. Tho manufacturers guarantee it to  strengthen eyesightJO per cent in "one week'a  time in many instances or refund the money.  It can be obtained from any good druggist  and is one of the very few preparations t  feel   should  be  kept on  hand   for regular   use  Caretaker:   Sir   Walter   Scott   spent | for y������n.    Many  whose eyes  were  failing ������ay  ���������   '���������*   ���������      -1 ��������� "T * they have had their eyes restored through the  principle of this wonderful free prescription.  One man aays, after trying it: "I was almost  blind; could not see to read at all. Now I  can read everything without any glasses jar.d  my eyes do not water any more. At night  they would pam dieadfully; now they led  bner all the timcL, It was like a miracle o  ���������"-       A lady  who used it says: "The atmoo  fine print without glasnes."' It ia believed  tnat thousands who wear glasses can now dis-  caid them in a reasonable time and multitudes  moie   will   be   able   to   strengthen   their   eyes  evers������tm%%TatLshCKv:,b!eaM   ������P������������* ������*! j������   ^ost  every" family."    The  Valmas   Dru*  a������,S7m^ will fit, your orders a  * ;'.-   Patriotic  Warden: j-.'H-aA'e a-ou  ���������\y European jail?  Prisoner:;No!    My motto has been  3  see Americti  first.  :"'���������"..'.;.'  r ;'Big Orange Crop   ;  The commercial orange crop of the  United States slioSvs a probable, increase of 2,63S,Q00 boxes this' year.  An estimate issued by the Department of Agriculture places the crop  at-23,835,000 boxes, of- Avhich the California production is 17,500,000 boxes,  or2,450,000 more than last year, and  that of Florida 6,335,000 boxes, or an  increase of 185,000. The Florida  grapefruit crop is estimated at l;900,-  000, a decrease of iqO-0.00 boxes froni  last year.  British Society Begins Campaign to  Raise ������500,000 in America  The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, of Great  Britain, which is the Red Cross for  dumb animals in the European AA*ar,  has established an American auxiliary in NeAV York City, and is shortly  lo begin a campaign to raise $500,000  in the United States w il h which to  care for the thousands of arni3' horses and mules Avhose suffering, it is  stated, "is one of the conspicuously  pitiful features of ihe Avar."  Under     the  chaiimanship   of     the  Duke of Portland, and Aiilh the patronage  of  the  King and  Queen,  the  society is mobilizing the resources in  an  effort  to  enlarge  flic  facilities at  the various fronts for alleviating,suffering among the  army animals and  for- .saying  'thousands    of    artillery  horses, "caA'alry mounts and transport  mules that otherwise avouIc! be lost.  R. H. Roes is the society's delegate  to   the   United   States.      He.  has  obtained the co-operation of the American' Society for    Prevention  of  Cruelty    to Animals,    avIiosc    president,  Colonel  Alfred   WagstalT,  is   helping  him to form a committee of prominent    New    Yorkers.    Henry    Bergh,  treasurer    of the American    society,  has, agreed to act in a similar capacity for the auxiliary.  Teacher: Who can tell me the  meaning of a "round robin"?  Bright Boy: Please, miss, it's Avhat  that burglar Avas doin' last night  when they nabbed him. ��������� Buffalo  Courier.  Use lubber To Save Leather  Foolish to  Try ��������� ���������  "He- threatened to bloAV* his brains  "Arid Avhat did you say to hinif"  ' "I fold him he'd be foolish..to try  it,  as- he  had never  been  successful  shooting at small targets.'*'  Minard's Liniment Cures  Colds, &c.  Rat Traps in Trenches  In the French trenches at the Avar  front rats have become a plague; and  the soldiers, after many other experiments, have adopted an electric defence. A trough is evacuated along  a rat run adjoining trenches, and  over this are placed.three wires, running parallel to each other. -A constant supply of electric current is  maintained in the wires, . which arc  spaced only a few inches apart. The  rats in crossing the trough come in  contact ".with the AA'ifcs, resulting in  immediate death", *.  Rubber  Supply  Is  Amp!  Leather Is Scarce and Very High  Leather is being1 -worn out faster today than ever  before in the history of tiie world, while production  is considerably less than a few years ago. While the  consequent shortage is keenly felt by the civilian  who. .has to pgy half as much again for his OAvn and  his family's shoes, it is even.more serious for' the  Government, which must supply hundreds of thousands  of  soldiers.  Rubber, too, is being used in enormous quantities on account of the war���������one British manufacturer,  for instance, is working on a rubber boot order for  the army which will take 14,000,000 pounds of rubber,  fabric and chemicals. But the supply, thanks to the  great rubber plantations in Britain's tropical Dominions, is easily keep'ing up with the demands, and ravv  rubber, despite a'war. tax of 7j/>%, is actually cheaper  today than before the war. So, though the fabric and  chemicals used cost nearly double, rubber footwear  has not gone up verj- much iii price.  These conditions naturally are leading thoughtful,  thrifty, patriotic Canadians to save leather, just as  much as possible by Avcaring rubbers, overshoes, high  rubber boots and heaAry farm rubbers. In addition  to the very substantial saving in cost, rubber footwear has decided advantages for wet or cold weather  around the farm or in the woods. The men like its'  warm, dry comfort under all conditions, and the  women like the way it sheds the dirt instead of bringing it in to melt and track around the house. For  the children, too, particularly if they are walking a long  way to school, rubbers and overshoes mean a great  deal in warmth, comfort and protection against colds.  "Doing- Without" Rubbers or Overshoes  Is Simply Thoughtless  Extravagance  ������������������18  v*-M  ,<i*4  Mm  ������������������'i'-.i  :I THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  Confectionery  Stationery  Toys  Tobaccos  Cigars  Pipes  Subscriptions   re-  Mag-zincs,  Newspapers,   Pc.iodicals.  ceived for any Publication at List Price.  H. ROTHERHAM  T.  6016IM&60.  ������ ������ ������  "The Big Store"  General  Merchants  KEREMEOS, B. C.  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year 52.00  "   (United States)  2.50  Advertising Rates  Measurement. VI lines to the inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, $1.25 for one insertion, 25 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over one inch,  12 cents per line for flrst insertion and 8  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  $1.25; over 1 inch and up to 4 inches, $1.00  per inch per month. To constant adA'ertisers  taking larger space than four inches, on  application, rates will bo given of reduced  charges  '       * "       ' --* ���������>  of time.  aarges, based on size of spaco and length  Certificate of Improvements $10.00  (Where more than one claim appears  in notice, $2.50 for each additional  claim.)  Jas. W. Gbieh. Publisher.  Hedley, B. C Feb. 8,  1917.  " He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me."  Death of J. P. McLeod.  Many old-time friends in the  the Similkameen and Boundary  districts will regret to hear of  the death of J. P. McLeod,  on the 31st January at Victoriia.  Deceased was a native of Prince  Edward Island, was a graduate  ofDalhousie and afterwards'  a lecturer in that institution  for two years. He came to Victoria in 1888 and was principal  of the high school for some  time, afterwards on the staff of  the Victoria Times before taking up the study of law, coming  to Midway in 1896 and practicing law in that town and in  Greenwood until 1910, when he  accepted the? position of deputy  attorney general, which he held  until last summer. He had a  brilliant university career, Avas  a clever lawyer. He had to b<  among the bunch of legal lights  in Greenwoop in the early days.  They knew all the tricks of the  profession, and were inventing  new ones every day. One county  court judge resigned, and anther from the coast came to fill  the position temporarily, and  knowing the judge's fear of  contagious diseases, sprung a  smallpox epidemic on him.  One lawyer was willing to bring  his witnesses from the pest  house if his honor would hear  theevidence. His honor wouldn't  and took the first stage for the  coast.  It was not so much on account  of his scolastic or legal attainments that the old-timer respected J. P. McLeod, but because he was straight with  them. He was a genial,, good  fellow, didn't care for money  and didn't care whether his  client   had any' or not.   In  a  legal  battle  ho played to win.  One   little  incident:   A  fight  had occurred.   After a time one  of the combatants came" back  at his oppenent with a piece of  iron water pipe.    He  was  arrested,  committed, elected for  speedy trial,  and  was  out on  bail.     When he appeared   for  trial his    bondsmen   were   released from responsibility.  The  trial judge was said to be   a  better   poker   player   than    a  lawyer.    When  luncheon time  came neither the judge nor the  the court officials made any arrangements for holding the accused.    The fence of McClung's  ranch was about 150 yards from  the Midway court house, it also  ran    along    the   international  boundary   line.     The   accused  was naturally anxions to know  from   J.  P.  what his  chances  were.    The reply was: " Excellent, excellent.  Do you see that  fence? Your) aim should  be to  get on the other side" of it and  keep   going   south."     He   got  there.     When    the   case   -was  called the accused was absent,  and  his  bonddsmen  had   been  released.    His   honor was   annoyed,  and  the dozen or so of  lawyers just smiled.  January School Report.  SUPERIOR  SCHOOL.  Pupils attending during the  month, 15; average attendance,  14.44.  Standing in class-high school,  advanced junior���������1st, Margaret  Luke.   ..  Prelim. Junior���������1 Ina Boyd,  2 George Beale.  Public School, Entrance Class  ���������1 Elsie Smith, 2 Lena  Wirth.  Junior Fourth���������1 George  Wirth, 2 Goraer Jones.  M. Herkins, Principal.  DIVISION II���������PUBLIC SCHOOL.  Senior Third Reader���������George  Stevens, 2 Fred Hard man, 3  Arthur Stanley.  Promoted from Senior Second  to Junior Third���������1 Margorie  Stevens, 2 Anena Winkler, 3  Gorden"Stanley,4 Warren Rolls,  5 Jean Abernethy, 6 Viola Naff,  7 Theodore Burr.  . Remaining in Senior Second,  John Gaar.  Promoted from Junior Second  to Senior Second���������1 John Hard-  man, 2 Katherine Rolls, "3 Marguerite Jones,'4 Catherine Hos-  sack.  Perfect Attendance ��������� Fred  Hardman, Theodore Burr, Olive  Critchley, John Gaare, John  Hardman, Marguerite Jones,  Eloise McLure-, Viola Naff, Warren Rolls, Arthur Stanley, Gordon Stanley, Ena Winkler. Minnie Winkler.  O. D. Bordkn, Teacher.  DISISION III.  I Primer, A Class���������1 Jack  Fraser, 2 Geoffrey Stevens, 3  Margaret Winkler.  B Class���������1 Wilfred French, 2  Arthur French, 3 Dora Burroughs.  C Class���������1 Albert Magner, 2  Rachel Hardman, 3 Dorothy  Stevens. ���������  ���������  1st Reader���������1 Norma French,  2 Gould Winkler, 3 Mary Bent-  ley.  Perfect attendance���������Dorothy  Critchley, Arthur French, Wilfred French, Edith Follet, Rachel Hardman, Carlton* Lomer,  Geoffrey Stevens, Gould Wink  ler, Margaret Winkler.  LlLL\S I. A. lNKMAN,  . Teacher.  A dentist could earn a few  hundred dollars- monthly by  visiting this camp with his implements of torture.  j .        ^   .   -   ,  The weather this week has  been spring- like, Eastern maple  sugar weather, cold nights and  warm sunshine -in the day, the  kind that puts ginger in a bo's  heels and heads him for nature's  quiet nooks where ��������� mulligans  grow.  R. J. Burd, of the Alberni  News has been promoted to  captain and placed in charge of  bombing in his brigade.  J. BEflL  PAINTING  PflPER-ftflNGING  KflLSOMINING  TERMS 'MODERATE  DALY AVE.   '���������=; -   HEDLEY, B.G.  -,'1>A  Ttie NmKei; Plate  " Barber. Shod  SATISFACTORY, SANITARY  TONSORIAL SERVI6B  Thjs shop it equipped with  Baths anel all the latest  Electrical "Appliances.  W.T.BUTLER, - Prop.  A. F. & A. M.  REGULAR monthly meetings of  Hedley Lodge No. 13, A. F. & A. M.,  are held on the second  Friday in  jach month in B'raternity hall, Hedley. Visiting  brethren are cordially invited to attend.  Q. H. SPROULE,  .   '"   S. E. HAMILTON  W. M   v Secretary  -    L. O. L.  The Regular   meetings of  Hedley Lodge 1714. are ncld on  the  fl^st and- third Monday in  L every month in "the Orange Hall  Ladies' meet 2nd and i Mondays  Visiting brethern are cordially invited  AV. LONSDALE, W. M.  H.F. JONES.-Seo'tL  Hedley Trading 60, Ltd  'no  ON  Groceries  Cannot Be Beaten  Sugar, 20 lbs!  Potatoes    . . '���������/:"  Flour, Regal Household and Purity  Hams, Ajax brand, pound  Hams, Swift's Premium, pound.  Bacon (Burns'Heavy)  Hedley Tradino Bo. Ltd.  at the:  front.  BUY  DOMINION OF CANADA  THREE-YEAR  War Savings Certificates  $  2e���������oo  50.00  100.00  FOR  it  $21.50  43. OO  86.00  INDIVIDUAL PURCHASES LIMITED. TO JI503.  FOR FULL PARTICULARS APPLY AT ANY BANK  OR ANY MONEY ORDER POST OFFICE  JAN. 0.  1917  riNANOE     DtEPARTMKNT  Ottawa  SOPY-RIC^T".  YOU CAN SMILE  if you have your teeth attended  to by us and the smile with  other wiles will come mighty  near catching even Cupid himself.  WELL-KEPT TEETH  help win and keep the admiration of youth or maiden. Have  us care for your teeth and  they'll be admired and not  criticized. We re dentistry experts, at moderate prices,.  DR, F. T. ROBINSON  Dentist.  Office with Dr. Lewis, Oroville, Wash  TO  INVESTORS  [HOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAVE FUNDS REQUIRING  INVESTMENT MAY PURCHASE  AT PAR  UNION OF CANADA DEBENTUR  IN SUMS OF $5*00 OR ANY  MULTIPLE THEREOF.  Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.  Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free of exchange at  any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of  purchase.  Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest,  as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue  in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date, security.  Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.  A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to  recognized bond and .  stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications for this stock which "bear their  stamp.  For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.  DtPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA,  OCTPBER. 7th, 1916.  ���������m  j.  Ju^njwtaaffigCT'anwwpwwtBwo^wBWjBOT^

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