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The Hedley Gazette Feb 2, 1905

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 :*ri"  T\  AND SIMILKAMEEN ADVERTISER.  Vol. L       No. 3;  HEDLEY, B. C, THURSDAY, FEB. 2, 1905.  $2.00, in Advance.  Church Services.  In the Methodist Church, on Sunday Evening  Of each week, at 730 p. m.  - ' Strangers Cordially Invited.  Subject for the 29th: "The Model Christian."  REV. C. E. DOCKSTBADKR.  H. A. Whillans, M. D.  Physician and Surgeon  i Hedley, B. C.  Q\MlI& flE. SHflW,  Civil'. Engineer,  Dominion  and   Provincial  Land Surveyor.^  Orders may be left at Gazette office.  tIEDLEY,  B. G.  DEWDNEY & SPRINOETT  Metropolitan Block, VICTORIA  Real  Estate,  mining ������fe  Financial Brokers  Special Attention given to Stmilkaoieen Valley  and KcremeosProperties.  Owners of ALLISON fownsite Properties.  THE ONTARIO -  JLECTIONS  After 32 Years, the Liberals  Give Over the Reins.  20TH CENTURY CLUB MEETS  An Enjoyable Progifeunme with Business  Before and After Pleasure;  Rapid Decadence Began when Sir Oliver  Left  the  Ship../  R.  H. ROGERS,  ���������'���������    M.A., B.C.L.  SOLICITOR, CONVEYANCER,  , NOTARY PUBLIC, ETC.*  Vernon, B. C.  a. MEGRAW  Notary Public  Conveyancer, Real Estate, Mines, In*  surancb, Crown Grants applied  for under Land Act and     ^  .Mineral    Act.  - It was with "ca chastened holy joy"  that local Tories in Hedley received  the belated news of the Ontario elections. Mr. Ross sustained a crushing  defeat, the province giving Mr. Whitney a majority, according to revised  returns, of 42. To borrow some of Mr.  Ross's many mixed metaphors and  bumptious bulls, the war-horse was  'trim put of his saddle, the barmacles  scraped off with an iron hand and the  vestal fires kept burning' with the  smoke of scorched ballots, squelched.  Four cabinet ministers went down,  and those who survived had greatly  reduced majorities.  The new House will meot in March  and speculation is rife concerning the  personnel of the new cabinet; One forecast, made by the .Toronto Telegram,  gives:  Mr. Whitney, Premier and Minister  "of Mines: Mr. Foy, Attorney-General;  Col. Matheson, Provincial Treasurer;  Mr. Hanna, Provincial Secretary; Mr.  Hendrie, Minister of Public Works;  Mr. Monteith, Minister of Agriculture;  Mi\ Smyth, Minister of Mines; Mr.  St. John, Minister .of Crown Lands;  Dr. Willoughby, -Minister "without  portfolio; Dr. Pync, Speaker.  'Agent for:  The Mutual Life Assurance Co. at Canada,  Lands* 4k Lancashire Fire Insurance Ca..  The Ocean Accident ft Guarantee Ca.  Hedley,  B. C.  JftSGLflRK  Watchmaker  HBDLEY,B.C  Clocks and Watches for Sale.  WAR NOTES.  fl.fl. WRIGHT  Boot and Shoe Maker  HEDbBY, B. O.  REPAIRING  NEATLY  DONE.  State and Mail  Orders Promptly  Attended To.  Nickel Plate  Barber Shoo  FIRST CLASS IN EVERY  RESPECT. :: HOT AND  COLD BATHS. :: POR-  CELAIN TUBS.      Alex. P. McDonald  flEDLEy, B.C.  FORTY-FIFTH YEAR.  63 PAGES ; WEEKLY : ILLUSTRATED.  INDISiPENSABliTO^lSilmWG MEN  *3 PER YEAR POSTPAID.  SEND FOB SAMPLE COPY, .  Mining ^ Scientific Press  330 MARKET ST., SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.  Public interest in the war appears to have entirely shifted  from the far east to the Russian  capital, and St. Petersburg, for  a while, was in a more desperate  condition than Port Arthur. The  incident of firing cannon into  the pavillion of the winter palace where the Czar was known  to be taking part in a public  function, was too plainly the result of deliberation to afford  any choice of belief in it being  an accident; and it shows that  not only the populace but the  army is honey-combed with sedition. Lack of organization or  a leader for the dissentients is  the only thing that is delaying  a revolution as bloody as that  of France.  -And now it would appear that  all we have been reading about  the surrender of Port Arthur,  and the immediate causes leading thereto, were of the mythical order.  No heavy guns were  mounted on 203 metre hill, as  thought, and the Russian ships  in the harbor were not pounded  to pieces by naval guns on 203  metre hill but by the same  old  Japanese cannon that had been  at them for weeks from other  positions.  The principal advantage of the new position to  the  Japanese was as a point of observation, and   from   there   a  Japanese officer by means of a  hyposeope  and telephone was  able to direct the iire of the  Japanese   batteries   with such  precision that the remainder of  the Russian fleet was soon put  out of action.   Then, again, the  garrison of Port Arthur, it is  claimed, was not in the  desperate condition it was represented.  The " London Times" claims to  have accurate information that  there was three months' provisions on hand, and abundance  of ammunition.   Gen. Stoessel's  hero stock has been slumping  visibly in consequence of these  disclosures,  The usual monthly entertainment of  the ��������� Twentieth Century Club, which  was' held on Friday evening last, was  of special interest and affordedl very  good entertainment to those present.  The committee which had in hand the  preparation of the programme had only,  a very briefc spell to complete their  work, but notwithstanding this they  presented a very good bill of fare-,- and  the attendance was very good. Mr.  -Dickinson, the new president, occupied  the chair. - ���������>  The first number on the programme  was a quartette entitled "Somebody  Must," by Mrs. Boeing, Miss Lizzie  Chilson and Messrs. Dickinson and  Hardwick. Miss Josie Nelson, one of  the little girls from the public school,  sang prettily an appropriate piece,  "Always in the way." An essay by  Mrs..Hardwick on the Russo-Japanese  war was able, interesting and instructive, giving the causes, a connected  narrative of progress of the struggle  and the probable effects. An excellent  baritone solo was given by Mr. Dickinson, followed by an amusing .recitation "The Young Man Waited" by  Mr. Tingley. MissStott sang acceptably "Within a Mile of Edinboro  Town" with a Scotch accent that was  not put on; and Mrs. Garrison in a  humorous reading described a little  generous rivalry. Miss Lizzie Chilson  sang in a good voice "Treasures that  Gold Cannot Buy," and on being encored, gave "Absence Makes the Heart  Grow Fonder." A chorus, "Speed  Away" by Mesdames Boeing and  Hardwick, Misses Chilson and Stott  and Messrs. Dickinson, Hardwick and  Reilly, concluded the entertainment  portion. The accompaniments were  played by Miss Bell Chilson.  In the business part of the meeting,  various matters engaged the attention.  After reading and disposal of the minutes, Mr. Barnes presented the auditors' report, showing a balance in hand  of $40.75. The report was adopted, and  Mr. Tingley reported on behalf of the  executive meeting held on January 12.  He referred  sending out  BOARD OF TRADE ORGANIZED  Hedley's   Financial   Watch-Dog   Starts  Out with a Good Membership.  tramways, electric light and other city  conveniences. A hospital w.-is built by  public subscriptions and received a  grant for maintenance from the government. The town had the reputation  of being the liveliest in the interior,  and then came the downfall. After running for thirty days the Tinhorn mill  ran no more, for country rock, even of j  the high grade found in Fairview, does  not pay to mine and mill. - Something  must have been wrong either with the  sampling or assaying because the Tinhorn mine was utterly damned on  subsequent examination.  When the Tinhorn closed down we  lost a large proportion of our Cornish  population ; but other prospects were  being worked, so that the full effects of  the "busted boom" were not felt till  some months later. Dier & Davidson  then turned their attention to the  Stemwinder mine. The "Smuggler"  was being worked by a Toronto company and the "Joe Dandy" by an English company, there still being a big  pay-roll in the camp. In 1806, both the  Smuggler and the Joe Dandy companies erected stamp mills to reduce their  ore; the former being of 20 stamps,  erected on the Fairview townsite, and'  the latter of 10 stamps, built on the  bank of the Okanagan river about 2.V  miles from Fairview. Neither of these  endeavors met with much success, but  it is said that the Joe Dandy company  got put enough bullion to pay for the  mill. On the other hand the Smuggler  mill had no luck at all and only ran 14  days; This was another case of fancy  assaying. It is said that a certain assay er used to carefully chip the waste  rock from his samples before assaying  and then wire reports to his directors  that the ore ran ".up in the thousands."  It is this kind of thing that has caused  the partial slump in the Fairview  mines. That there is a huge body of  pay ore in the camp has been thoroughly proved by the work done on  the Stratheyre, Stemwinder, Morning  Star and the Dominion Consolidated  mines. The failures of the past, have  shewn that the ore needs to be treated  on a large scale and under capable and  economical management.   It may be  to the action taken of j safely said that the mistakes that have  100 circulars, which re-j been made here have cost enough to  suited in getting in some $19 to help  out the funds of the club and keep the  reading room open, and he suggested  that a. card of thanks be published expressing the Club's appreciation of the  assistance thus given. Mr. Tingley's  report was adopted.  Mi's. Boeing moved, seconded by Mr.  Tingley, that the reading-room be kept  open six nights in the week. This  brought up considerable discussion, in  which various members took part, the  point at issue being the financial ability  of the Club to maintain the cost. The  motion carried.  A few other matters of minor interest were broached, after which the  meeting adjourned.  FAIRVIEW ITEMS.  The soft weather of the past week  has produced a bountiful harvest of  bad colds among the children of the  town.  The Indians have also been badly  knocked out, and the doctor reports  one or two deaths on the reserve lately.  There were several people in town  last week sporting wild flowers in their  buttonholes. Buttercups are plentiful  on the flat south of the town.  The doctor has just returned from a  professional visit to the Indians on the  lower Similkameen.  Mr. Parkinson is to commence work  on the subdivision of the Ellis estate  at Penticton next week.  There has been several new locations  made of Crown lands in this neighborhood during the last two weeks.  It is to be hoped that the question  of the railway reserve on land near,  here will be settled shortly. Under the  present conditions it is impossible to  buy third class lands or to locate  timber limits. Here is a job for otir  member.  put the four companies, now interested  in Fairview mines, on a paying basis,  and if "the powers that be" take profit  froin Fairview's "sermons in stones"  there is every prospect of fortune  smiling on their ventures. (  But it is not alone on mining that  Fairview depends for her future prosperity.  The climate is an ideal one for  fruit, the summers being long and free  from any frosts between March and  October,   and   fruit-raising  is being  gradually introduced; cattle ranching  has been carried on for 35 years or  more, and there is a larger area of  arable land tributary to Fairview than  to any other town in the interior of  British Columbia.  At present about  20,000 acres of this land is included in  Mr. T. Ellis's estate; but the Ellis estate  is  to be subdivided into small  holdings in the near future, and will  of course when settled up make Fair-  view one the most important centres  of agriculture and horticulture in the  province. The winters of Fairview are  short and mild;  in seven years the  thermometer has only three times registered below zero, and there is seldom  more than 10 degrees of frost.   Snow  on the flat is uncommon, and this fact  is attested by the absence of cutters or  sleighs in the town. Spring and autumn  are simply perfect as regards weather;  in fact, the whole year round the climate is so equably dry and bracing  that one resident remarked,  "I have  worn the same clothes, summer and  winter, for seven years." That sounds  good, but must be rather rough on the  tailors.  From a scenic standpoint, Fairview  (as its name implies) leaves little to be  desired; in fact, it is a scenic standpoint. The town is situated on a sloping bench about 100 feet above the  broad, level Osoyoos valley, and thus  commands a view to the south of over  twenty miles of very fertile-looking  lowlands which are bounded on  the- east and west by l'olling bunch  grass hills, the summits of which are  The adjourned meeting for the purpose of organizing a Board of Trade in  Hedley was held in the Gazette hall on  Monday evening, and the attendance  was large, enthusiastic and thoroughly  representative.  After reading and approval of minutes, Mr. W. A. McLean, as chaU'iaan  of the committee appointed at two hist  meeting to canvass and enrol members,  reported that the committee had been  successful in procuring a membership  of somewhere in the neighborhood of  forty.  The secretary read the by-laws of  the Okanagan Board of Trade lot- the  benefit of those who.had not been present at the former meetings. The chairman asked the meeting for nominations for the offices of president, vice-  president and secretary-treasurer.  Mr. W. A. McLean was elected president on motion of Messrs. F. Fraser  and J. D. Brass. E. D. Boeing and A.  Megraw moved that J. D. Brass be  vice-president, which was carried.  Messrs. C. E. Oliver, Jno. Love and A.  Megraw were nominated for secretary-  treasurer, Messrs. Oliver and j ,->ve  withdrawing on consent of their movers and seconders, A. Megraw was  elected.  The president suggested that a committee be appointed to draft by-laws  to be submitted at a subsequent meeting of the Board. Mr. Brass favored  having the whole Board consider the  by-laws, clause by clause. Mr. Rolls  thought that it would be better to have  a committee appointed to draft the bylaws and then have them submitted to  the Board for consideration. Messrs.  Fraser and Oliver moved that the president, secretary and Jno. Love be a  committee to draft by-laws to be submitted to the Board, and this was carried. Messrs. Fraser and Megraw,  moved that the next meeting be held  two weeks from date so as to allow the  committee ample time to complete  their work.  Before adjournment, the president  urged upon the members the necessity  of everyone taking a live interest in  the work of the Board, for in doing so  they would, as citizens of Hedley, be  advancing their own interests, as the  object of the Board' was to aid the advancement of the town by every legitimate means. He believed that the  Board could be a power for good for*  the town, and invited hearty co-operation.  The Board adjourned on motion of  Messrs. Boeing and McDermott.  covered with fir and pine trees. Along  the middle of the valley the Okanagan  liver flows placidly along its tortuous  course, winding, twisting and doubling  back until in places it appears to describe complete circles; finally it flows  into Osoyoos lake, which can be seen  eight miles to the south gleaming like  a sheet of silver.   To the north for a>  couple of miles the country is  broken  up into low, rugged picturesque hills  and then opens out once more into  beautiful undulating park-like range,,  well watered by streams or lakes and  containing   land   enough  for many  prosperous fawns. Fairview has suffered from the surrounding country being  tied up, audits mines under the wrong  control.   This is now being changed  and the outlook is bright indeed, and  those who have stood by us and "been  constant in our ills" will indeed "be  joyous in our joys" when they reap  the reward  of their investments in  Camp Fairview.  R. II. P.  Active operations have been  resumed on the Shakhe with  Kouropatkin as the aggressor,  and the Russians claim to have  pierced Oyama's left wing and  cut his communication. This  engaement is said to have taken place on the 26th of January  and was likely decided upon by  Kouropatkin as the result of information obtaine by Mistchon-  ko. The Japanese side of the  story is yet to be heard.  <?��������� | Jiited-After All I  '���������%.J.-������..J.-*~J.-%.������J������%.������J������'%.������J������*������J.'%.������>-**>%*>'������-*>  1.  When the    Hon.    Fitzgerald  Chalmers come down    the long High!  of  steps from    Government    Ilouse,  he ^^ .g & ^m^ future before you,  felt the happiest man ahve. H������ hau   .f wU1   olil      elzo  tJl0  onportuu_  tice!"   urged  Maisie.     "Yet.   oh.     I  do love him!"  "There are .white and black liesT"  child; so there arc harmless and  sinful deceits," answered the general. "This secret is yours and nune  alone. Wc will keep it so; and you  ���������will accept Fitzgerald. That deceit  can do no harm, and will make you  both happy. 1 want you to do It,  dear. It is a greater sin to waste  your beauty and mar your life by  moping over the gloomy past.  Why,  put his fate to tho test, and the _result had been encouraging. Maisie  would probably bo his alliance* wife  in a few hours.  TTo hailed a passlug hansom, ������md  was driven to tho "United," whistling gaily ns he went. In the club  smokcroom he found his friend, Lieutenant Hallam, alone, for which he  was effusively thankful.  "What's put you in such good humor?" asked Ilallaun. "If you were  accustomed to being hard-up, I  should imagine you had com* into  some cash."  The lion. Fitzgerald drew a chair  to his friend's side nearer the fire,  and lit a cigar.  "But," continued Hallam, "you're  one of those lucky beggars, with all  the tin,  and most of tho girls!"  "Well, I've got the best of them at  Inst!" exclaimed Chalmers. "Truth  is, old man���������only keep it dark I tell  you���������I've proposed to Mas'te Meshmore������������������ '  "And been accepted eh?" interrupted Hal lam.  "N-no, not exactly; but I am confident I shall be. She. nearly promised. Said she would like a few  hours in which to think it over"���������woman-like, you know. But I haven't  an atom of douht. As a fact, the  general  is in my  favor!"  The confidence he felt was plainly  expressed in his features, and, as he  finished speaking, he took tho cigar  from his mouth, and laughed merrily. Hallam shook him heartily by  the hand.  "By Jove!" he exclaimed. "Seems  a sure thing. My heartiest congratulations. You've tried hard enough  goodness knows, for a long time!  Eighteen months, I believe?"  The Hon. Fitzgerald nodded assent,   and  Hallam added:  "She's a bonm'e woman, and you  ought to be proud!"  "I am," agreed the other.. "For'  I feel suro she will consent. She just  wanted to have a .talk with the general, and, since ho has shown '. inc  his approval, I do not fear."  Could the Hon. Fitzgerald Chalmers have known what was passing  at that moment in tho interval .between father an'd daughter, he would  havo been disagreeably surprised at  the nature of tho conversation., liljs  proposal was being discussed, but.  from quite another, and more dramatic, standpoint .to that which he  imagined. Soon after he had left  the .house, Maisie wont to her father  in the library, and acquainted him  with the offer, of marriage which "she  had just received. '  For some moments the pair- stood  facing each other without uttering a  word, until Maisie, impatient at her  father's silence,  spoke  again.  "Tell me, what can I do, father?  Fits has proposed to me, as I expected ho would, seeing that I have  accepted all his attentions. I  thought at first it was to be just a  iirtalion; but he wants mo to marry  him���������and marry him  now!"  iWaisie's eyes were red and wet  with tears. General Lord Meshmore  paced the room, torn between conflicting emotions. Tho cold, stern  soldier��������� "Muderous Meshmore," as he  had been called in o. famous war history���������was now a weak man of nerves  and fears. His only daughter clung  to his arms as he went his short  patrol.  "I cannot tell him the truth, father," said the young woman. ������������������  "Truth1���������of course not!"   exclaimed  the general,   suddenly    roused.     "Of  course not!     You must accept him!"  "Father I"  "Yes, accept him!" lie said sharply. "You have told me that you  love him. I blundered, Maisie, when  I made you marry Reginald. 'But  now that he is dead, you must not  spoil your life by denying a downright honest and good fellow. Accept him and bo happy, dearie, as I  know you will he with him!"  "Suppose Fit'/, shotdd discover?"  asked Maisie, her voice almost choking. "Or suppose Reginald is not  dead? Oh, it is impossible���������impossi-  Vle! There is nothing for mo but  to live in wretchedness!"  "My dear Maisie, you really must  look at things more reasonably. Nobody knows but you anil I and your  dear, dead mother of the man you  married     during     our     residence   in  yo  ity!"  Maisie kissed her father on the lips  and gave his arm a gentle pressure.  "You do cheer my spirits, father,"  she said, with a .pretty simile, "t  feel now as though I must accept  him!"  "That's right, dearie," responded  her father. "I want to help you.  The blunder which hn-s brought all  this (roul)ie upon you is mine, and  2 am going to do, what T can to repair the injury. So we will forgot,  your scoundrel husband in your now  happiness.   Shall  wo?"  And thus it came about that  Maisie consented to become the Hon.  Fitzgerald  Chalmer's wife.  n.  The marriage of Lord Mestmiore's  only daughter to the Bon. Fitzgerald Chalmers would be the most  brilliant event of au exceptionally  brilliant season. The young Under-  Secretary - wus exceedingly popular  inside the House and in society;  while General Meshmore and Jus  daughter, during his command of the  Eastern Division, had surpassed all  records for entertaining at Government  House.  For weeks the papers had been noticing,   at   considerable  length,     the  s, at considerable length,  numerous features of the coming  event." Not alone in society circles,  but in the -street the affair was a  favorite topic of conversation. Everyday brought fresh surprises in lovely  presents, and the crowning honor  was when there caino a kindly personal letter from the King, intimating that his Majesty would be rcpre-  ented at the wedding.  And now, on tho day before the  wedding, the young couple had , inspected with delight the long rows  of costly gifts; and now, parting  from each other for the last time,  Fitzgerald held his prospective bride  in his arms, cud kissed her upturned"  face.: She .-was somewhat pale, and,  trembled oven as he spoke to her.  "To-morrow," ho whispered, "and  then, little woman, wo shall have  each other!"-  ."Yes, to-morrow,- Fitz���������only tomorrow; yet it- seems such a longtime!" she whispered. "Oh, 1 wish  I had you mine now!"  Wjhat made "her say'that she could  not tell; but the words brought a  look" of intense pain into her lover's  face. -Ho -drew her more closely to  his  breast. ���������  "Why, you have me already," he  answere'dj" with* an. effort of ga.icty.  "1 "am'yours���������a*H"^ ours���������now! What  ever-'-makes- y'ou so sad, sweetheart?  I.shall, never leave you. No, no;  I lqyo you too dearly. And ' tomorrow my very, own Maisie.will.be  the queen of the smartest event of  the year,���������and tny wife!"  Maisie never revealed what had  been in her heart when she uttered  her fear, and Fitzgerald went to his  chambers  wondering greatly.  A shoal of telegrams of congratulations awaited hiim, a number of  visiting-cards," and an -unexpected  visitor. Ho attended to tho latter  first.-  The gentleman was seated com-1  fortably in the reception-room when  Fitzgerald entered.. He gave the  name of Lieutenant Reginald Max-  ton,  and was smartly dressed.  "I have not the honor of your ac-  craaintance," said the Hon. Fitzgerald genially, tendfring his hand to  the other.  "Nor    I yours,"    put    in  Max ton  promptly.   * "To  tell   the   truth,     I  have only been  back in  England     a  few  days."  "And  your  business  with   me  now  i������ "  "Your wedding," Lieutenant Max-  ton interrupted: and the Hon. Fitzgerald gav������ n sharp look of surprise.  The visitor continued: "X have seen  it announced in the evening papers,  and believe the event, takes place  to-morrow."  "X cannot see that this can concern a stranger," observed the Hon.  Fitzgerald irritably. "I am pressed  for time, so perhaps you will corno  to the point!"  Lieutenant Maxton stood before  the fireplace, and pulled vigorously  at a cigarette.  " "I will," he replied cynically. "The  fact  is,  you  will    be   marrying, my  wife)"  "Your wife!" almost shrieked Fitz-  what  not going to trouble her, but  thought 1 would warn you."  ��������� Tho Hon. Fitzgerald had become  quite oblivious of his surroundings,  lie toyed with tho tape around the  roll, and, after some seconds, buried  his face in his hands. The whole  fabric of his love's dream had toppled down about his ears. Tomorrow���������all, what hopes he had built  on that!    To-morrow   ���������When he roused himself, with an  effort, to regain control of- his shattered nerves, his visitor had gone.  He was alone with his misery. f-  ���������        ������������������������������������������  On the following morning fashionable society were startled to read in  the daily papers, set in the largest,  type, with bold headings, the bald  announcement that "The marriage of  the Hon." Maisie Meshmore, only  daughter of General Lord Meshmore,  to the ITon. Fitzgerald Chalmers, arranged to be celebrated to-day " at  St. George's, Hanover Square, will  not take place. Great sympathy will  bo felt for the young lady, who is  prostrated with grief. No reason is  forthcoming for the abandonment of  tho marriage."���������London  Answers.  AWHALEHUNTER'SSTORY  ADVENTURES AND PROFITS OF  THE BUSINESS.  ,..  Facility   With Which    the  Uses His Monstrous  Flukes.  Whale  Within the entire range of natural  history there is r.wthing, in my opinion, which can give to the general  student a more profound interest  than the whalo. and nothing in all  the various pursuits-of mankind possesses a more exciting and thrilling  field of adventure than that of hunting the whale, says a. writer in  Forest and Stream.  My experiences as a whaler have  been chiefly us an oflicor, and I have  both made and lost a good deal of  money sailing from New London arid  New Bedford.  If we can believe anything that is  assorted by the wise average man  of science, the whale would never  make a fish stew, as it irj in reality  a quadruped. It is a warm blooded  animal, and those appendages,.called,  fins or flippers- arc ih reality its  legs, its heart "is like that of man  and ��������� other ���������'. mammals, having two  cavities and doing double dutv in the  lino of-. circulatimr blood. It is- not  the offspring of an egg, but is born  alive. What are generally called.the  blowholes of the whale arc really  nothing but its nostrils. Tho whalebone of commerce comes from the  jaw of the animal and is found only  in the variety known as the Greenland or right whalo  ..While the whalebone whale has no  tectli, those of the,.sperm-whale arc  curried in the lower jaw; and as to  the size which these'creatures'attain  it may be stated that "they- have "been  known to measure 100 feet in length  and to have weighed nearly 250 tons.  Wc often hear tho remark that sonic-  thing we see "is very":like"'a-.whale,"  and yet there are several "animals to  which wc may truthfully apply that  remark, viz, * tho dolphin, pur poise;  grampus, bottle nose manatee, sea  elephant and narwhal,' or sen. unicorn": Nor will I stop to give all tho  particulars bearing upon the equipment of a whaling ship, but proceed  at  once with .  I I iner. I remember one instance where  a captain reported the discovery of  a rock In the track to Europe and  suggested that this had perhaps been  tho cause of many shipwrecks, "when  he, had only been deceived by a dead  whale. . ������������������'  It. has frequently 'happened in my  experience that a whale after being  harpooned has turned in anger upon  his pursuers and with his great  ilukes shattered their boat to pieces  and  KILLED MANY MEN;  aiiid 1 have also-known ar-whalc when-  angry to raise himself so for, out of  water as to look like a man on his  feet,- and then to let himself down  with a crash upon' tho ill fated boat.  And then the speed with which tho  whalo can move is a continual wonder with all those who have hunted  them."' Tho- quickness- and facility  'with which they can use their-monstrous flukes is only equalled by 'the  coachman's whip. It-was never my  fate- to :be jscriously injured by , em-  angry whale, but they have fro-'  quently suggested very decided  thoughts of eternity.  Once a- fellow dragged me downward ,into the sea "full forty fathoms," judging by my feelings; and  on another occasion I happened to  bo on the back of a big sperm whale  wheu lie made a start, and, holding  on to the harpoon, I travelled for a  short time in a" circle at the rate of  ,thii;ty miles an hour, when I thought  it expedient to slide into the sna,  and trust to being picked up by one  of the boats forming the hunting  party. And what, will strike you as  a fish story, but it is true, before I  was rescued I- actually wont within  an ace of swimming directly into tho  mouth of another whale which was  strolling along the spot as if anxious'  to inquire about the general commotion going on.  The largest right whale I ever saw  was captured off the coast of Kam-.  chatka by one of my crews, and . it  was during the same year that 1  procured a full ship of 3,200 barrels of oil and 4.0,000 pounds of  whalebone within the space of sixty  days. When the monster just mentioned was killed the sea was , very  rough. After the boats had' been  lowered, it was necessary to move  them   with  groat' care,   lest  an     un-  .boats and kill a number of men.' Alt  this is very unkind on the part of  tho kingly creatures of tho ocean,  but I have novor been disposed to  blame them'for any of their savogo  eccentricities. Not only arc they  hunted and killed but they have a  moro terrible enemy that goes by  the name of the '"killer." 'This creature -. is serpent-like in appearance,  armed with sharp teeth, and as tho  right, whale ��������� often - swims with- his  mouth open, tho killer fastens himself on his tongue. Wheu thus at^  tacked, the whale is greatly alarmed  and utters '  A BELLOWING SOUND  which may be heard or. distanco of ^  tcrj miles, mean while, lashing the soa  into foam with his flukes. ..- After  the killer .has eaten away;the tongue, then, as a matter of course, the-  whalo dies from starvation,  But againj to look upon a pair of''  whales when fighting witli each other  is a sight that can never bo forgotten.   1 have seen an old fellow, after  coming put of such a conflict,  with  his 'jawbones bent all out of"  place  and with fearful gashes an bis head  and all along his body.   When, thus   "  fighting���������ai.d     the     leaders of '"the-4  various schools  often coma -.together ���������  ���������they roar,  which resembles distant  thunder; arid the spray which " often  scatter into the air rcmlads or.ie    of  tlie surf on a rocky shore.   -    >  And hero comes in an incident  which happened to me at New Zealand a great many years ago. I  had killed a whale, and having strip-  pod off-the blubber cast aft the car-. ,  cass. "Tho wind' and tide laadod it  high and dry on the shoro. A - few  weeks afterward, on visiting tills  spot, I found that a whole "family' of '  natives had eaten their way into the  carcass and turned it into a habitation. This . was ainything but a  "sweet .home," and its. influence���������  such as it was���������pervaded the whole  country for miles around.   A   SAHARA'S STRANGE CITY:  lucky  wave should  carry  us on  top  Franco's growing influence in the  Sahara has just been illustrated, in  a remarkable manner. The inhabitants of the famous Town of Amu an  sent their leading men to the"  French, voluntarily, offering to place  their town  under  the Government of  India.    There is not another soul in  England  who  knows,  or  cares.--    He |g:o''ald.    "You lying  scoundrel,  won you by fraud.     J was deceived   do vou moan?"  by all his pretensions to wealth and  birth,  an-d he proved to  be nothing  but  a low-born rogue.     Ho  deserted  you   within   three  months,   after     he  had got all he could out of me and  you.,  I  tell you he  was     killed     in  Africa. .      I  saw    his  name     in   the  list!"  "Arc you sure������������������"  began the distressed Maisie  "Absolutely!"    interrupted.     Lord  Meshmore.     "There    are not a bun  dred, or a dozen,- Lieutenant Ttogin-  ald M'ax.tons in the Army. And if  ho was not, he couldn't come back  to you again; he knows better. So  your marriage cannot be discovered."  "It is a dreadful  deceit to     prac-  "Thc Hon. Maisie Meshmore is my  wife," continued Maxton coldly.  "Seemingly, our marriage has been  kopl a. secret from you. She became Mrs. Maxton during General  Meshmorc's tenure of the Indian  conmiandership. For certain reasons  that marriage was kept a secret;  <Uut"'���������and hero he handed a thin roll  of papers to Fitzgerald���������"there arc  proofs!"  The young officer, hah* dazed, took  the proffered roll, but did not open  it. Instead, ho gazed long and silently into the firo. .His face was ashen  pale.  "I left her," continued Maxton.  "Why, is no matter of yours; but  there were sufficient reasons.     I am  SOME OF MY ADVENTURES.  And first in''fancy, let us take a  little run ir.i tho South Atlantic. Wo  arc in the vicinity of a great plain  of seaweed, which is the favorite  food of the right whale, and they  arc numerous in that vicinity. One  of the crew has ascended to the  "crow's nest," for" you must-understand that it is desirable to discover  a whalo or a school of them' before  we come near enough to sec them  from  the deck.  The boats are ready, equipped with  harpoons and lances and rope, the  crews duly assigned, when lo! from  the crow's nest comes the cry, there  sho blows!" "Where away?"  "Abeam, to the leeward,-sir."-"How  far off?" * Two miles, sir." "Let  us know when the ship heads  her." "Ay ay. sir!" 'fKeep her  oil���������hard up the helm!" Hard up  it is, sir." "Steady! S-'t-c-a-d-y!"  "There she blows! A large right  whalo with her cab', sir, heading-  right nt us. Very large. There alio  blows! Now half a mile off and  fcoding, sir, and coming right toward us!" Wc lower away and arc  off. Now it id that you see tho advantage of the drill wc' have .. practised for many days.  Every movement muct be quick  and suro with no guessing or questioning what is best. There goes  the great mother whale followed by  her offsj-.-ing* both of them moving  slowly and not heeding the coming-  danger. Tho boat has reached her  side a fearful flurry of excitement  follows among the* crew. One, two,  and perhaps three lancc3 arc thrown,  and away sho goes coloring the  ocean with her blood, drn.gging the  rope with fearful rapidity, then  stops, goes into what wo call a flurry, or death agony, when she swims  with her head out of the water, making a circuit of miles and lashing  the sea into foam with her tail, a*id  as she grows weaker and weaker  slackens her paco, straightens herself out upon tho water on her side  arid with hor head invariably toward the east dies. If tho wind is  blowing the sea makes a clear broach  over hor as if she wore a rock and  of tho whale, and this actually hap  poned, for when 1 called upon tho  harpooncr to fasten he did so,, when  our boat was instantly thrown upward, and _one man killed. Fortunately, before the boat filled, I had  time to put a fatal lance into tho  whale, and we- were rescued by another���������boat. ������������������:'���������'.  As I was getting in I saw near by  the body of the killed man, in a  standing position, a few feet below  tho surface of the water, when by  diving I caughtMiirri by the oar," but  a< big wave came, causing .me . to  lose my hold, arid the body of bur  bravo comrade' went down -out' of  sight.,in the blue waters. Into this  whale we were obliged "to send a succession . of lances, and- he spouted  blood and disgorged food -for six  hours, having ii.i that time lost' what  wc estimated.-at a hundred barrels  of blood alone. .'But-I.must tell you  something; more about this hero of  Kamchatka. He /was.as long as our  ship and she measured 120 feet;,  his greatest, girth 75 feet, head M0  feet long, and     ' V          . ;   :;*: '  -FLUKES 30 FEET;BROAD;  His lip's-, alone made thirty- barrels  of "-oil; throat ^and tongue the.same  amount; and the total yield of his  blubber 240 barrels. The bone, tak-'  on from the , ���������. inside of his mouth  weighed 2,800 pounds, and his market value, according to the prices of  oil and hone then  ruling,  $18,000.  "And now, without going into all  the particulars as to how we hunters of. the sea do our work when  preparing.bur game for preservation,  I will give you a few facts which  have. come, to my- psrsor.al knowledge bearing upon the natural history of the ' whale. Here,' for example, is a fact which I have not^scen  mentioned in ar.iy authentic books.  On taking oil the skin of a whale,  you come..; to the blubber, which  rests upon the flesh or muscle, , and  this I have found'.to be covered with  a fine hair - or fur, about, an inch  long; to this fur is attached a black  for i pigment which answers the purpose  and is used by the "sailors as you  would a common soap; but tho significance of this fact is that in reality it makes the whale a fur-bearing  animal.  And now about their numbersi I  have sailed a thousand miles1 without seeing even the sign of a whale;  and yet in tho North Pacific I have  oil several occasions looked upon a  thousand or more individuals of the  sperm variety in mm great school,  covering tho sea, apparently, to tho  horizon, and when tumbling and  rolling and pitching and spouting  they have presented a sceno of grandeur and confusion which no pen  could describe. In these schools  there is always one fellow swimming  in the centre who seems to bo the  leader of the host, and he is called  by the sailors the Old Soldier. And  I may also here mention tho curious fact that when you strike, a  whale with tho lance and he makes a  demonstration with his tail tho entire herd go tlirough precisely the  samo motion, as if influenced'by a  kind  of magnetism. ���������  "Nor should I omit an allusion  to the almost human intelligence "of  tho whale. I havo known them to  lie perfectly still lor.ig enough to let  mo get within reach of their flukes  and then suddenly turn upon tho  boat and crush, it with their Capacious jaws; and thus havo I seen them  France.   'J hey  asked  that  officials be  uvtii    jiui    as    u    aiiu    wuic   a   iuui   uuu    j������j"  j������.������o,   u*m   u.^-k. ������������.v ��������� uvv...  wicui    i������.v������������   j./v.v-  this has sometimes deceived the mar- J watch for and destroy a number of white men.  sent there to establish French rule.  Tho French had not been within  many miles of. the place.. Only two  white anen had over seen 'it. (hip..of  them was "Major Laing, who passed  through' Arduan' in 1820, and a day  or two later,"was murdered near the  town. ' ���������������������������  The other was tho Austrian explorer, , Lcnz,     who    visited  Arauan    in  1880,  and    wrote    the only description of'it that wo possess:��������� ^HTc'fbu'ncd  that  the''   sheik     who  ruled   Arauan  had in his'possession the1 papers and  other     property  . of    the     limndercd,,  Laing;  but   would    not    part ' with'  them.    There  is     little doubt     that  France .wj.ll ... now secure them,,^ and  that fthe mystery of: the later adventures'" of this &arih������ icxdlorpr. wilt be  cleared up.-;f S J ^S.,.."; 4 ."*   ^:<y.l \>S y.  -vThere is no^cthcr.town ju, the>Sahara,: like     Arduan.'    It'cannot     be  calTcd an 'oasis",/~for it is" in' the midst  or the     wildest, sand ..waste.- in     the  great desert, "and scarcely a blade of  grass 'grows* the re." '1-."'���������'" -���������.������������������"���������������������������.     ;"   '  -There is enough vegetation, to feed  a few sheep and camels,f but "tho peo- .-  pie seldcun.haye, anyjfodder to; seir,--  and yet >there?i9 good ^reason*.-   why "  about one hundred .houses have stood  here f for;.-generations     among    the  greatc,sahdj: dimes' .that-.tower aroiuid-  thorn. .  From the flat roofs  of the houses  nothing  can,,   be. seen but the    pale  yellow sand hills.   It would  be     in-,  coiveivable that human beings.rouIdv;;  live in such a place if wn  cti I    ji.it'i  know that the town ha������ an oxtiaor-J  dinary large quantity of water. '^,7- .;>^;  Arauan   occupied  a   depression������������������'���������- .'.idy'.  the desert,  and though water is, ob^-;;  tttincd ���������" only by  digging very    "deep-  wells,  it  is in  inexhaustible supply..���������..;'  The town is    on tho caravan   route>  from Ti.mbuctoo,  and at Arauan one  branch'-'of the road leads to" Algeria  and the other to Morocco.  -No caravan is so larg^o that, it cannot bo supplied  thorp: with all     the  water",it needs.   It is-the one   corny  anio-clity    of  the    place.   The inhabitants'Imako their living by seUhig it.   .  There " are.-'twp reasons why the  people havo not boon able, oyen with  boundless water resources, to creato  an island of;vcrduro in the midst of  the frightful: sand-'���������'��������� waste,'' la the  first place, tlie jwater is dra,wn .only  from very deep wells, and tho labor  of raising it would make it impossible 'to cultivato -any large area.  ��������� Then tho sand is voi-y deep and  only in h-J few: small acres can soil  b'e reached on which crops can bo  grown.' Water will not make grass  and olive trees grow'where their  roots would penetrate no kind of  earth minute fragments  of quartz.  So the supplies for tho people . of  Arauan havo always ���������.been'brought  from ��������� Tim-buct'oo, 120 miles to tho  south. Water pays for everything-:"  they possess excepting _ the clay of  which their houses arc built, and  this they obtain when they dig their  deep woBs, for the excavations extend through "the sand surface to  eloy beds.  Tho"'fact' that, tho pcoplo would  starve if Timbuctoo were not their  granary' doubtless- explains the voluntary submission pf'this, desert folk  to tho French. Timbuctoo is now  the capital of a largo district in the  French Western Soudan. The naUvon  have water, but the only sources of  their food supply a������e in <!".��������� '"lads of ^  About the  !  ...House   ; ��������� -_-; '  A  DOMESTIC RECIPES.  Baked  Apple    Dumplhigs.���������Cut  I  i  $  '  short pie crust into five or six inch  "-squurus. ' in tne centre, of each place  a pared and neatly cored apple, fill*  Jug tho space with sugar' and cinnamon;  if    liked, t also a .clove.   After  -wetting the edges of tho pastry with  .j/white of egg, fold it over the apple,"  \pinch  and  fluto  them   to   look  well,  v jiand    encase c the   appio   completely.  ^Bttko from -thirty'to forty .minutes,  p 'toward;  tlye lost    brushing' tho  top  ',swith white of egg and dusting-with,  .'a' little   sugar.~"    Servo    with hard  sauce. - . '        ,       , *c ,":" '" X.  Inexpensive Fruit Cake.���������Cream to-.  ,       gcther half a cup of butter and  ono  c     cup of brown sugar,  moistening    :in  tho urocess with half a pint^ofjStrong  coffeo:   add  one  cup  of New Orleans  * molasses, a teaspoon of allspice, ono  grated    nutmeg    and' a teaspoon-, of  -jDOWdercd cinnamon,  one well beaten  o   egg aiid  throe cups  of pastry , flour  sifted  with   a heaping  teaspoon ������" of  ba.Mng powder,   and  one cup of    In-  dftrHi   ���������-^������1.  Ucat~stcatd*ily   for      ten  minutes und then stir in a quarter of  1 of a  pound  of. shredded citron,  half  a pound of large seeded raisins,, cut  in  two.  and  one pound of .currants.  Turn , into a round  cako pan     lined,  with greased paper and bake 'three-  quarters of nn hour in a slow oven.  -Ice while still warm. " *  New      England      Bannocks.���������Scald  eight heaping tablespoons of, meal by"  stirring in' two-cups of boiling  -water,  add four tablespoons of flour,  a.  ealtspoon     of    salt,  one-fourth .'"of a  teaspoon, of baking .soda,   two    well  beaten eggs and  sufficient  cold milk  to form o, thick- batter.-Beat������forv five  ���������nimites after the last'ingredient^ is.  added aud drop by tho "spoonful into  hot  fat,  frying-   tho  banriockg "������o ' a*  golden J brown.       Servo  accompanied  by maple sugar. , '���������[,*'*���������'  LcntiL Roast;_ (From the'Vogetari-^  an)'.'���������Soak  two cups of lentils -over  night.    ,ln  the' inorningVadd������tWjb  or  three    slices    of  onion     and  several  sticks,of celery.......When tender *pass>  through a colander. Add one cup  of tomato,' cooked and- strained.'.ono  cup of whole' wheat. flour, two well  beaten eggs, and placo int a ^buttered tin. Baste well with 'melted'butter and bake from, twenty'to?'thirty'  . minutes.  Celeste's Fritters .-^Stalo sponge  cake, cut into rounds with a cako  cutter. Slice the cako carefully and  fry to a nice brown. Dip, each slice  for a socoi i in a bowl of boiling  milk, dr.-v'whg this oft on tho sidn  of the vtosri; lay- on a hot dish and  spread thickly with strawberry jam;  pcncA jcl)v. or other delicate conserve. 3"'ile them neatly and send  'abound hot. with crcalm to pour over  them.  Seed Cakes.���������One cup of. butter.  Three- cups o^ sugar. One cup of  "lopperoo" vtHk or cream. Four  ������ggs. Six cups of flour, or just  onough to stiflon into a thin paste.  Two - tabJospoonfuls fennel or caraway, seed. One tablespoonral' soda,  dissolved in boiling water. Roll out  thin and cut into shapes.  Raspberry   Bavarian   Croam.���������Soften  a  quarter  of a   package  of  gelatine in half a cup of raspberry juice:  dissolve-over     hot   water;     add  tho  Juice of half   a lemon,   a cupful     of  raspberry juice, and half a cup . of  sugar,-'-stir over ico water/ and 'when  it begins to ;'sct" fold in a cupful  and a half of doublo cream beaten  solid. Pour into a moid. When  cold serve surrounded with tho froth  from whipped croam. L'r  'Batter for Pineapplo Fritters/ ���������  Beat one egg without separating tho  white and yolk. Add half a cup������of  flour' and one-fourth of a teaspoon'of  salt; and boat with a spoon until  perfectly smooth. Then beat in one-  fourth of a cup of milk.  Cream  of Pumpkin Soup.i���������This is'  a  novelty oven to  many old cooks."  but  is ' quite  worth  adding  to , the  list of fall soups.   Cut a nice     ripe  small pumpkin hi pieces enough    to  fill   a. quart     measure.     Tut   in   ' a  snucopan with a pint of cold   water  and season with    half a tcaspoonful  each .of salt and pepper, a toaspoon-  ful   of  sugar,   and  a   few .sprigs     of  parsley r-or    ^sw'eot   marjoram.  Cover  the1 saucoplan and simmer gently for  an hour    and  a half,  stirring  ��������� frequently. , Strain .'through  a .colander  to get out the skin,  then through a  finer'sieve.   "Put tho'pureo back    in  tho pan,"  sprinkle over  it  a heard ng  teaspoonful of1 flour, mix thoroughly;'  then pour' over it;  stirring all     the  time, ono q(uart of hot milk.   Add a  tablcspoonful-of butter,   and simmer  fifteen .-"minutes.   Then add-  half ~a  pint of rich cream and a teaspoonful  of..fine,cut parsley; heat, but, do not  boil, and    Ncrvo with toasted crack'-"  ers.  with a little .cold milk, beat th������������  oggs and sugar until" light,"'and stir  tho whole into tho scalding milk.  Flavor with essence of lemon or  vanilla, and sot aside to cool. Lino  a plate with pie crust and bake, fill  it with cream, and cover it with  frosting made of tho whites of egg,  beaten dry,, with two tablespoons of  sugar. Bake a delicate' brown.  . Currant Pie.���������Sto\v and mash oho  pint green currants until all are  burst, usiiig as little water as will  keep thenn from, burning. Add sugar  to make it very sweet, and ono soda  cracker rolled fine. Bake between  two crusts. Ripo currants may bo  used without stowing.  Cocoanut Pie.���������One quart milk,"  five eggs, and ono grated cocoanut;  beat, tho "sugar .and eggs together,  and stir . into the milk when hot.  then add tho cocoanut' and spice to  taste. Bake "'with-a bottom crust  twenty minutes  We'll Write It Do^Vn Tirr EveryBday Sees It���������Tilt  Everybody Knows It Without Seeing It. If*  Worthy of Wide Publicity,  Ceylon Tea is Rich, Delicious and is absolutely Pure. Sold only In  sealed lead packets. Black', Mixed or Natural GREEN By aii  grocers. Received the highest award and gold medal at St.  Louis..  THE PRIZEJS CANADA  AMERICANS'   AIM IN SEEKING  RECIPROCITY.  Their     Offer   Comes Too Late  Defeat  Mr.   Chamberlain's  Plans.  '  to  will bo for' tho Canadian tr'ahsConti-  noLital railways. -On the other'hand,  any increase ,. in business' between  Canada and tho United States means  extra traffic for'1 United'States" railways. A reciprocity'^ treaty that  .would enable the big industrial Ventres of tho United States'to supply  Canadians .with manufactured goods  and drive Canadian manufacturers  out  SNAIL'S INTELLIGENCE.  Gave Proof of it by Coming Regularly to Meals.  The harmless slug is generally  credited with no greater intelligence  than the power . to crawl aimlessly  about, leaving a slimy track behi*3  it.       In a    letter   to"  tho    Loudon'  HINTS FOR THE HOME.  DOES THE  mnm  -."-  If not, something ' must  be wrong with its food. If  tho: mother's milk doesn't  nourish it, she needs Scott's  Emulsion. It supplies the  elements of fat required for  the baby. If baby is not  nourished by its artificial  food, then it requires  Damp spots on morocco leather  should be rubbed with methylated  spirit. ' " Two or three applications  may bo necessary.  To clean a Wall-paper. ���������Tako a  very dry crust of broad with about  an inch of crumb "on it, and rub tho  soiled patch lightly till the stain  disappears.  ��������� To.-.Cure Sore Throats.���������Put . a  teaspoonful of powdered borax into  one tablcspoonful of honey. "Dissolve  over heat. JVhon^cool, .apply it repeatedly with a camel's hair brush to  the throaf'ond roof of "the mouth.  This-WilL soon effect a cure, and al--  low the patient to swallow comfortably.   '    '  7f Dripping,- if; .carefully clarified-with'  boiling water, and molted into,a firm  cake, makes as good" pastry 'for"pics  and tarts as butter.  ; To,remove.the smell of onions frorai  the breath cat parsley and vinegar;  from" tho-hands, rub an-outside pioco  of "celery'oh" them. "    ~.    ���������-.  ��������� Breadcrumbs,/for frying.���������Let,theso  always be baked in the ovon without .'being allowed to take color. By  this method the fish or meat; otc.  will bo much crisper.  To .avoid dust marks behind - pictures", place two smrll pieces of cork  at the bottom of tho picture frame.  This prevents the accumulation of  dust and tho consequent dirty unsightly marks.  Tho disagreeable taste of now wood  in buckets and vessels may bo eradicated thus: Fill with a solution of  hot soda water and let it remain till  cold7 then rinse in clear water.  To Blanch Almonds.���������Place in a  cup, r. pour -..boiling,, water over them;  this'will swell the skins and iallbw  them to be quickly drawn oil. Throw  the almonds into cold water and  wipe'dry with a cloth.  To Clean Spectacle Glasses.���������Uivo  them an occasional rub with a clean  cloth . moistened -wita ���������.ru*lhyifcted  spirit. Then polish with a chamois  leather, the spirit having removed  alj  grease.  To Make Fried Bacon  moro Digestible.���������Tako  a good sized   apple and  cut it in slices' with tho peel on and  fry till brown in tho bacon fat. Servo  highly  seasoned     with   pepper     and  salt and you     will  havo  a  delicious  dish.  Linseed Tea.���������Pour two  quarts    of  j boiling .water on ono ounco of wholo-  , linscca and  twelve drachms of sliced  |liquoricc root.   Add  a few slices    of  lemon.   Lot' this  stand in  a covered  jar for  six    hours,   then  strain,    for  usn and sweeten to taste.      , r'  To Prevent Black Stockings Turning Green'When Washed.���������Turn tho  stockings insido out and wash ..in  lather; i\p not'rub,the soap ori- tho  stockings.- Rinse in tepid water to  which a littio vinegar is added. Dry  in the shade, and pull gently into  shapo.  Do not wash a Frying-pan often,  [for as a rule tho following method  of cleaning it is very effectual: Fluey  the pan on the fire for a few minutes  to molt any fat left in it, and whilst  this is hot, rub the insido of the  pan with clean, soft paper until it  is quite clean. The paper should be  scrnwod up and used vigorously.  Treated like this, 'frying-pans will  never burn till thoy are worn very  thin  .,_Writing in Industrial  Canada   Mr.  Watson Griffin comments as follows  on ��������� tho Rociprocity agitation in   the  Ui.iitod      States:   According  to     the  Boston Herald tho greatest gamo to  bo played in international politics in  <tho  near future  is to be with a  football   called     ''reciprocity,"  and   "as  goes  tho battle so rises or sets tho  star of a great consolidated British  Empire."       "The     indications      aro  that     tho    awakening   of -American  statesmen has  come,"   continues  tho  Herald.      "Tho   contest   draws     on,  and tho groat prize is Canada���������nominally" commercial   Canada,   but   actually  tho political Dominion."  '   In other  words;-.tho  Boston    Herald beliovcs tha-fc -if the agitation for  a reciprocity treaty between Canada  and tho  United  States is successful,  the British, Empire will go to pieces  and C"anadar will fall as a rich prize  to' Uncle Sam.  .'Canada .would, indeed, be a great  prize,' and..,the people of the United  'States .are just beginning to realize  tho ' .value of it.' Fortunately/ the  statesmen of the United States are  not the only ones *who have awakon-  ed to t!-o value of Canada. British  statesmen arc beginning to appreciate the possibilities of the Dominion, and best of all our own statesmen now know how to value this  great heritage. Sir Wilfrid Laurier  has Well said that Canada is to be  the country of tho twentieth  tury.  Pr  of iscuiitua s luturc will consent to  any arrangoment by which the Dominion- will become tho-prize of the  Republic. It is true that Sir Wilfrid  Laurier once favored reciprocity with  tho United States, but ho said several years ago in the Canadian  House of Commons: "Canadians no  longer desire reciprocity.". Those  were true, words as regards the great  majority of the Canadian people at  that time, and phcy are even" truer  to-day .than they were then. Tho  change of sentiment is due to  fact   that . they   now  of -business, would ruin tho j Times,. however, Dr. Horace Dobell,  great-Canadian railways.. Wnen tho [writing -from Parkstone Heights,  factories which supply the Canadian,! Dorset, gives remarkable proof of'its  people with goods'are'in "Canada,'possession of an excellent memory  Canadian railways must cany the and - a considerable amount of redraw materials as well as the finished sorting power.  products. They must carry prbvi- j Ono morning I observed the silver  eions, clothing,-and. furnituro to tho trail of a slug or snail round about  workingmon. To take an extreme the spot where tho crumbs had been,  case to 9how the value' of Canadian Even tho smallest crumbs had been  factories to the great railways, sup- cleared up.  pose that all the factories in Toron-j "But' wl  to, Hamilton'and Ottawa, with the  workmon    employed   in  them,  *'hat  especially  struck   me  i was that tho trail came straight up  suddenly  transferred  to   the  City������of:l?  th������ ,crumbs-     ���������������r? was   no  sign  Buffalo,  what-an immense falling off L������u Wft"Jenng about    in    search^   of  there  would * bo in  Canadian railway I   ,??' f" ,cvulence of knowledge  of the exact place at which   to find  thorn.  business, although Buffalo is just on  tho other side of -tho border". " Suppose that all the - factories" iri all  the cities, .towns'and villages of Canada ' wero"tr'ansferred to towns 'and  cities of the'United States, the rail- to'tl^ sPot nnd  ways of Canada would be "obliged to  CI'umbs.  ' "I watched tho window after this,  and found that just  before  dark     a  largo  brown  slug came straight    up  ate  the remaining  discharge tiiree-fourths of'their' cm-1 "For two moro nights it came  ploycos, for every branch of - their' aS'ai" and ate the crumbs as before,  busi ess would-decline fn an extra-j being accompanied on the second  ordinary ; way.- Of course- a. recipro- "iffbt by a smalf brown' slug about  city treaty would,not close up every'half its size. . ,    ^ . ,.c   . .1  Canadian factory, but it would "close "T t|lei1 washed out tho trail that  up many of them;-and every factory! it should not be guided by "it." but  closed would bo a direct loss, to the tho slug continued to como on fine  railways.   On the other hand," every nig-hts.   Except  on  wet   nights,   when  did    not appear at all,   it camo  new factory1 "established'"in  Canada,'it  -ension: c  tho business of  and  every extension  of an old, ono,' straight ovor tho edge of the sill,op  Canadian,positc  the crumbs,   and  continued to  increases  railways;  A MOTHER'S  PRECAUTION.  There is no telling when a medicine  may bo needed in homes Where there  are young children,     and the failure '+,���������,,*="'  ^  i.uuuujf     oi   uio  twentieth     Con-1 - ""=>  *-"������-������������--ii,     tuiu  ttiu uuiurc   t,-otq "     nr)ria    n,.    >i  ry.    It is not conceivable that tho  to  havo a roli*Ho medicino at hand iJJ"''h    Su������ GaS'th  ���������omier who holds such a hi-h view  may mcan  much suffering,   and,   per- |j? "/ ,L '"������     " ,,  Canada's  future will consent     to   haps-    the   loss    of  ������  Priceless    life. ' ?,/!   J!?"    ^L       *  is   due  to     tho  appreciate     tho  possibiTitics of Canada as thoy never  did before.   They agree with Sir Wilfrid   in  thinking  that Canada  is    to  be the country of the'.'twentieth century,   and   lh������y  have  no   desire     to  surrender' it,   to  the  United     States.  They   behove   that. Canadians should  have  all   tho  advantages  to   be     derived   from -the  opening  up  of     this  grand  country,   and  if  the pcopln of  the   adjoining  Republic���������tne  country  of  the  nineteenth  cei.tury���������want     to  share'the profits of the wonderful development  which   is about  to     take  place,   they must  move across      the  border into the country of the twentieth  century.  to-kill Imperial ' reciprocity.  :   It is probable that tho reciprocity  agitation in tho United States would  bo    confined    almost  entirely   to     a  few cities not far from the Canadian  border,  such as Boston, BulValo,   Do-  troiC,  St. Paul and Minneapolis, buti  for the fear  that Mr.  Chamberlain's I  proposals for mutual Imperial  tariff  ���������preferences   may bo    adopted.     Tnis  fear has caused a rapid development  of reciprocity sentiment in  the United   States.   Jf  tlie     United      States  Congress agress to reciprocity    witn  Canada,   it   will   bo  chiefly   for     the  Every mother should always keep  a  box  of Baby's  Own Tablets    in    tho  house.   This   medicine  acts   promptly  and  speedily,      cures    such    ills     as  stomach  and  bowel    troubles,   teething   troubles,   simple    fovers,    colds,  worms and other little, ills.  And tho  mother   has    a  guarantee   that     the  Tablets  contain' no  opiate  or harmful   drug.    ; ..'-.Onot wise mother,    Mrs.  Geo.   Hardy,   Fourchu,   N.   S:,    say's1  "I have  used    Baby's    Own  Tablets  and find them a blessing to children.  I am not satisfied  without a box in  the    house    at  nil  times."     If your  como  every  few     nights  throughout  J July and August.  "One night I put out some grains  of rico, but thi* slug left them   ' untouched.  "The interesting question for scien-  adds   Dr;  'Doboll,"is,   How  o crumbs  in   the  how  did  it  know  the  exact   timo   lit   which  to    climb  up for them?"  LABELLED OLD MAIDS.  In some parts of Siam a girl who  reaches a certain ago without marrying is labelled, and placed in a privileged class under the special care  of the King, who binds himself to  find a husband for them all. His  method is delightfully simple. A  prisoner iu any one of the Siamese  goals may gain his pardon and release by', marrying one of.  the inelig-  dcaler does not keep these Tablets in ible class. Whether he is already  stock send   25 cents to-The'-Dr.   Wil- I t '   ' '  liams' Medicino.Co., Brockville. Ont.,  and you will get a box by mail post  paid.  -"Jane! Jane!  J ano (calmly)  the first     fire  Mistress   (excitedly)-  thc house is on fire!"  ���������"Yes,   I  know.'  It's  in  light."  Snappe���������"Yes; I believe I did say  you were always lying about your-  nelf." Bragg���������"Sir, I'm not accustomed to that kind of talk. I'm a  gentleman, sir!" Snappcs���������"Thero  you a'o again."  married is not of great conseqxionce  for in Siam a man is not restricted,  to  one  wife.  Glass  bricks  aro  coming into   use,  and it is said that this material will  soon bo used for'making"statues, as  ., ..   . .,    ,   ,. ,        ���������     ��������� it resists the corroding effect   of- the  this house that I haven't had to ;weathe-r. much bftt���������  granite.  I.er than marble or  . A  little boy  was  asked his   name,  and answered,   "Well,   they call    mo  Jimmic,    for short,, but   my  maiden���������'  name is James."  Is Your Liver to Blame ?  Here Are the Symptoms Which Tell of a Congested  Liver, and In el Scale the Need of  DR. CHASE'S KiDNEY-LIVER PILLS.  is   imoairod,     digestion   is  deranged,  purpose  of   killing   Imperial   recipro- jtho bowels are constipated, arid thero  Once killed,   that great lruper    "   '"'"  The tongue is-coated,  the appetite j this  well-tnown   treatment,   and  you  ensure    good     digestion  and regular  city,  ial project can nevor bo revived, and  the United States will then be in a  position to withdraw aiiy concessions it may have mado to Canada  for the purpose of defeating Mr.  Chamberlain's plans.  Half a teaspoonful three  or four times a day in its  bottle will bring the desired  result. It seems to have a  magical effect upon babies  and children.  8C0TT & BOWNIC, Chemists, Toronto. Out.  FIVE  PIES.  Chocolate Pie.���������One coffeecup milk,  two tablespoons grated chocolate,  three-fourths cup sugar, yolks of  threo oggs. Heat chocolnto and milk  together, add the sugar and yolks together, beaten to cream. Flavor  with essenco vanilla. Bake with  under crust. Spread meringue of the  whites o%rer tho top.  Custard Pie.���������One pint of milk,  three eggs, a little salt, three tablespoons of sugar. Flavor with essence vanilla or nutmeg and essence  of lemon. If tho milk is scalded it  will require but two oggs to a pint.  Cream Pie.���������One pint of milk  scalded, two tablespoons of corn  starch, threo tablespoons of sugar,  yolks  of  two   oggs.     Wet  the starch  RAILWAYS AND RECIPROCITY.  Queer tlungs sometimes get into  tho stock market reports of the  newspapers, but pcrha.ps the most  absurd statement that has yet appeared was one copied by a number  of Canadian newspapers to tho cueot  that  a     reciprocity. treaty     between! ���������-��������� ���������  Canada and the United States would|Kidney-Liver Pills,  cause a rise in Canadian I'acific  Railway slock. To any thinking-  man it must be evident that a reciprocal arrangement with the United  States that would cause trade to  flow north and south instead of cast  and west must prove disastrous alike  to tho Canadian Pacific Railway, the  Grand Trunk Pacific and the Canadian Northern railways. The greater the business between the eastern  and  western  Provinces the  better it  are   feelings  of fullness  and soreness  about the liver.  You may have headache and dizziness, pains in tho limbs, fcverisih-  ness. yellowness of the eye and skin,  depression of spirits, and irritability of temper. ���������'  So groat is the influence of the  liver on tho other organs of'the  body, that once it is deranged, the  Whole system seems to bo upset.  There aro no means by which you  can so quickly and certainly obtain  relief fram torpid, sluggish liver action     as by the    uso of Dr.  Chase's  One pill at bedtime, and the result  is a thorough cleansing of tho filtering and excretory systems, and new  vigor and regularity for liver, kidneys  and bowels.  No family medicine has been more  extensively used in Canada than Dr.  Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills, and none  has such a reputation for reliability  and  certaint3r of action.  Enliven the action  of vhc liver by  action of the bowels^���������the foundation  of good health.  Mr. .Rogers Clancy, farmer, C-hop-  stowe, Bruce County, Out., states:���������  "I havo used Dr. Chase's Kidney-  Liver Pills, and would say that  there is no medicine that equals  them as a cure for stomach troiu tea,  biliousness, torpid liver and headache. I was troubled a great deal  with these ailments before using Dr.  Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills, and they  hnvo proven wonderfully successful iu  my  case.  "I would not think of befhg without a box of those pills in the house  and whenever I feci any symptoms of  these disorders I take one of these  pills, and they set me all right  again. I can strongly recommend  Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills for  the troubles mentioned above."  Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills, ono  pill a dose, 25 cents a box, at all  dealers, or Edmanson. Bates & Co.,  Toronto. The portrait ana signature of Dr. A. W. Chase, the famous receipt book author^ uro on  every box.  i imn n -niiujuini- mr*mmiiMiUmtiaaiaiMm^^^iam^k*^M*mi^*^m  ���������OKSuS  ���������IllUlMH^MlUlllMIMi Cfce Ifcediey (Bazette  "������������������'...'     GTVd-  Sitnilkameen Advertiser.  Iswiiflcl on Thui-sdiiys, by tho iIi-:1>i,ky ClAXKm:  t'KINTINO AND l'Ultl.lBIUNU t'OMl'ASV,    ���������  Li.mituo,  ut .Heclltiy, U. V.  Subscriptions In Advance  Per Year   Six Months..  /:..'.'.  .S2.00  .   l.(Xl  Advertising Rates  .'Measurement, \'ilines to tho Inch.  Transient Advertisements���������hot, oxcoodinfr otic  inch, $1.00. for one ���������insertion.-'25 co-nts for  oMCh mihscquctit inHcrt-iou. Over one inch,  10 cents nor line for first insertion and ;'���������  ccutK per line for each subsequent insertion.  Ti-an������ient������ payable iu advance.  Land Notices-���������Ccrtiiicutcx of improvement-etc.,  $7.00 for 60-rtuy notices and ������5.00 for 30-dny  notices.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month,  |1.25; over 1 inck'itiul up to 4 inches, Sl.tti  per inch purmjuitli. To conKtnnt advertisers  hiking lutrrcr spa.ee. than four inches, on  .Application, Kites will be {riven- of reducc<l  "ehnrffes, based on sixo of space ihmI lciigth  of time  Adv������rtiK������tnent������'u-ill be changed once every  month if Advertiser desires, without- any extra,  charge. For changes oftcner than once a month  the  price of composition will be charged ������t  regular rates, ,���������������������������:<  eriimetit to throw no obstacle in  tlio way of the completion of  fclie Hill system over this route,  but to do v/hnt they win to help  it, tind they will expect from Mr.  Hill a clear and full statement  of what he is prepared to do,  both in speedy completion of  the line and in direct transportation of passengers and freight  between the Boundary and Vancouver, after completion. If the  Great Northern will give satisfactory assurances on these  points then no restrictions regarding crossing or recrossmg  the line for moro favorable  gradients must be imposed.  Chanpes for contract advertisement* should  be in the office by noon on Tuesday to secure  attention for tluit week's issue.  A. MEfJRAW.  Managing Editor.  -.  X C-VV  Moon  Feb. J  M  ^^ ��������� V\\\\ Moon  *&-\-    yeb'19-  Firftt  ouar.  1'eb. 12  ^<t&y J  -ustquiir.  i'eb. 26.  1905  F^ES3.  1905  it*!*,  ������L*ud������  Mou.  Tues  Wed. Thii. Fri.( Sat.  1       2  a.    4  5  O  7  S       0  10     11  12  IS  1*  15     1(5  17     18  1ft  20  21  22     23  2t     25  20  27  28  Coast papers tell of a  visit to  Victoria by J. D. Farrell, of Seattle, who is assistant to President J.  J.  Hill  of the   Great  Northern and recognized as the  political agent of the  company  in its negotiations with the Provincial  Government of British  -Columbia. Mr. Farrel is credited  by the  "Victoria Times" with  wanting to know from Premier  Mc'Bride   and   his government  the exact position, in which his  company stands in so far as its  building rights in British  Columbia are  concerned.   He  was  accompanied by two other officials of the Great Northern who  intimated   that   their business  was  in   connection   with East  Kootenay lines, but the "Times"  smells a rat and thinks that negotiations are with respect to a  route to the Similkameen to tap  its mineral fields,and, ever ready  to get a dig at the administration,  takes   occasion  to doubt  that any railway policy has yet  been formulated, or would ever  be   announced   to   the   House.  Events will soon show whether  this is or is not borne out in fact  for the House will meet on the  9th, and Premier McBride will  do well to take heed that there  is a section of British Columbia  lying along the boundary line  from Fort Steele  all  the way  westward to  the  Hope mountains and extending many miles  north, embracing nearly all the  rich mineral fields from which  comes tlie bullion  that makes  up the sum of the output of lode  mines, published in  the report  of Mr. McBride's department of  mines.   That section is vitally  interested in direct railway connection   by   Mr.  Hill's system  from Midway westward through  the Anarchist mountain, Lower  Okanagan and Similkameen sections to the coast, and the people  resident therein are in no  temper to be thwarted in their  wishes in this behalf. Especially  is this the case with those west  of Midway who have waited for  fifteen years or more on the C.  P.R., and they have reached that  stage where their immediate material interests will over-ride all  political considerations.    They  will expect Mr. McBride's gov-  Tho yearly enactment of anti-  Asiatic legislation at 'Victoria  and the annual knockout of the  same at Ottawa, by veto of the  Federal authorities goes on uninterruptedly, for .again the  news comes from Ottawa of the  veto of the act passed at tlie  last session of the British Columbia legislature, cited as tlie  " British Columbia Immigration  Act, 1904," the objectionable  clause of which reads:  "The immigration into. British Columbia of  any person (hereinafter called a, prohibited immigrant) who, when naked to do so by an officer,'  fail* to write out at dictation, in characters of  some language of Europe, and sign in the presence of the officer, a passage ef fifty wonts' iu  length, in a European language directed by tho  officer. i������ hereby prohibited."  The reason always given by  the Laurier government for disallowance has been that it is  opposed to Imperial policy, but  this time the provincial government felt, secure in that, their  enactment was modelled on the  Natal Act, which has been recognized by the Imperial authorities. Whether the same old  reason for disallowance will be  advanced again is not known,  but if the utterances of the  Victoria Times can be taken as  inspired it would seem that the  objection will be that the act is  called an " immigration act" and  that immigration pertains to  the federal government, which  is but a quibble at best, for the  preamble of the slaughtered act  cites section 95 qi the British  North America Act itself which  says:  " In each province the legislature may make  Jaws in relation to agriculture in tho province  and immigration into the province, etc."  In fact this latest disallowance  puts the Liberal party in British  Columbia up against it, in so far  as its relation to labor is concerned; and Billy Mclnnes and  those of his associates who have  attempted to dance to the same  tune will have a bad half hour  trying to square themselves.  They asked the province a few  weeks ago to give a solid seven  at Ottawa, which was equivalent  to asking the province to tell  Mr. Laurier that the people of  British Columbia approved of  his annual disallowance of its  provincial enactments to protect  white labor. That is the only  logical way of putting it, so no  one has any right to blame Mr.  Laurier for disallowance under  the circumstances.  "Knock out your pipes and follow mc:  Finish oil'your swipes and follow lue."    ,  "They could not be got together"  was his complaint to the mayor,  but he managed to get .four of  them besides himself to spare  him sufficient attention to sign  his memorial. The other two  (both islanders) were obdurate.  And thus the little petty sectional jetilousies that influence them  at'home cannot be set aside at  ��������� Jif awa long enough to enable  them to work together for the  'common good of the province.  'what hope for "better terms"  for the province with such a  representation.  NOTICE.  Certificate of Improvements,  PITTSBURG Mineral  Claim,  situate in the  OsoyooM Mining Division of Yale District.  ' Where located: Camp Hedley.  "PAKE NOTICE that I, K. H. Parkinnon. as  1 agent for L.. W. Shatford. F. M. C-BRiOSSi,  and W. !<\ Cameron, F. M. C. B2247I5, intend,  sixty days-from date hereof, to apply to tho  Mining liccordor for a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  Grant of the above claim.  And further take notieo that action, tinder  section .17, must be commenced before tho iwi-  anco of such Certificate of Improvements.  R.H.PARKINSON.  Dated Dec. 12, A.D.. 1901. 1-3  NOTICE.  Certificate of Improvements.  BOSTON Mineral Claim, situate in the Ohovoos  Mining Division of Yale District* Where  located: Camp Hedley.  TAK'K NOTICE that I, R. H. Parkinson ar  A agent for W. V. Cameron, ariminirtratos  of tho estate. of G. M. Stumps, Free Miner'x  Certificate No. B2247G. intend, sixty dayn from  date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder  for a Certificate of Improvements; for the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of tho aboye  claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37. must'be commenced before the iiwu-  ance of such Certificate of Improvement*.  R. H. PARKINSON.  Dated Dec., 12, A.D.. MM. 1-8  NOTICE.  Certificate of Improvements.  STEMWINDER AND CHARTER OAK Mineral Claims, situate in the Osoyoos Mining  Division of Yale District. Where located :  Camp Hedley.  "TAKE NOTICE that I, Charles deli. Green as  x agent for M. K. Kodgera, free miner's  certificate No. BSftfitti and for George H. Cahill,  l'\ M. C. No. D78SUS, intend, sixty days from  the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the a-  bovc claims.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of sucli Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 23rd day of December, 1904.  1-S C. deB. GREEN.  NOTICE.  A   Westminster despatch to  the News-Advertiser says:  " Mayor Keary yesterday received a communication from Mr. J. B. Kennedy, M. P., at  Ottawa, to the effect that the B. C. members  could not be got together last week to make a  joint representation to tho Government with  regard to the Dominion Exhibition. Mr. Kennedy thereforo drew1 up a memorial to the  Government, and it was signed by all of the B.  C. members except Messrs. Riley and Smith.  Apparently the Government did not look upon  this an a strong enough application and the decision not to give the grant was arrived at."  The above item would indicate  that the solid seven is not remarkable for its solidity v on all  questions effecting the interests  of British Columbia. It is not  known, of course, what counter  attractions prevented Mr. Kennedy from making a successful  round-up, but in vain did he  appeal  Certificate of Improvements.  LORENIA, LION'S PAW. RENO, CANADIAN BELL, COPPER WORLD FRACTION and MIDNIGHT SUN Mineral  Claims, situate in .the Osoyoos Mining  Division of Yale District. Where located:  In Camp Hedley.  -TAKE NOTICE that I, Francis W. Groves,  *��������� acting as agent for Horatio J. Duffcy, free  miner's certificate No. 5803, and T. D. Pickard,  free miner's certificate No. B62035, intend, sixty  days from date hereof, to apply to tlie Mining  Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claims.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such Certiilcate of Improvements.  Dated this 20th day of January, A. D.. 1905.  2-8 FRANCIS W. GROVES.  Moffet's Best  PATENT  FLOUR  STRONG, UNIFORM AND  WHITE; MADE STRICTLY  FROM HARD WHEAT.  THE COLUMBIA FLOURING MILLS CO., ltd.  VBRNON and ENDBRBY, B.C.  ff  SIMILKAMEEN  Livery, Feed and Sale Stable  !  \  Single and  Double  Drivers.  Wood for Sale  Saddle  and  Pack  Horses.  HOPKINS ������> McINNES, Proprietors, Hedley, B. C.  When in Keremeos  STOP AT  The Central Hotel  TWIDDLE 4fe REITtf, Proprietors.  .Good Accommodation and Strict Attention to the  Wants of the Public.   Livery Barn in Connection.  m  G  A  z  I  N  E  &  Gitu Drug and book store  HEDLEY, B.C.  Headquarters for���������  PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES; BRUSHES,  COMBS AND TOILET REQUISITES; TOILET  SOAPS AND PERFUMERY; BOOKS AND  STATIONERY OF ALL KINDS.  Your Trade Solicited.    Mail Orders Promptly Attended To.  JOHN LOVE  Druggist   and   Stationer.  E  R  I  O  D  I  C  f\  L  i  IX  IS  NOT  NECESSARY  To discuss the advisability of  Life Insurance. Everybody now  admits it. The two things to be  decided arc:  WHICH COMPANY?  IA/HAT  and  AMOUNT?  Lot us help yon to decide these!  Briefly stated, the answer to  the first is  Tlie Mutual Life ol Canada  (old Ontario Mutual.)  and to the second  All   You   C&.r\   Carry.  The MUTUAL LIFE OF CANADA is the only Canadian company  that is purely mutual, all its profits  going to the policy holders, and no  foreign company (stock or mutual)  doing business in Canada has been  able to do as well for its policy  holders, or give insurance at as  favorable rates.  Take a policy in it before 1905  is out and come in for this year's  profits.  Hotel Keremeos  GEO. KIRBY,Tlanager.  First Class in Every Respect.     Commercial c*,;i ^lining;  Headquarters of. the Keremeos and Lower Similkameen Valleys.    Post House on Penticton-  ton-Princeton Stage Line.  KEREMEOS,  W. J. TWISS,  Manager,  Vancouver.  MEGRAW,  District Agent,  Hedley. Toiya a������d District.  ���������Mr. E. B\irr left "by  Monday morning's stage on a, trip to Kansas.  Rev. A. J. Fowlie will hold service  in the Methodi.sb church,, Hedley, oji  ���������Sunday evening next.  Our townspeople appreciate tlie convenience of getting their water supply  from the taps since tho water has been  turned on.  Mr. A. R.'Bvown, superintendent of  the Daly Reduction Co.'s stamp ini'l  and cyanide plant, has been indisposed  during the past week. Measles.  Mr. E.  D.  Boeing is puttiu  \V. J, Snodgrass and Win. Hender-  1 M������i of the telephone line were in town  : on Thursday last  on   their  way   to  Princeton.  Miller's Electric Wonderland is heading this way and will be billed for a  date  in   Hedley in the near future.  .' 1000 feet of moving pictures is the lib-  ' eral allowance for one dose.  Much    needed    repairs   have   been  1 effected on the sidewalk at the Grand  j I'nioii. The walk has been widened,  and the position of  the steps, which  formerly constituted the chief source  of danger, changed.  The new officers of the Ladies' Sew-  ing^Circle, elected at their last meeting ai-e: President, Mrs. Rodgers; Vice  !'resident, Nrs. Garrison; Secretary-  Treasurer, Mi's.,.'Schubert;.. Assistants  Secretary, Mrs, Hccking. Next meeting will be held on Feb.8th,at the home  of Mrs. Greenhill.  The telephone line men reached Hed-.  ley from the south on Tuesday afternoon and are now well on their way  to Princeton. The wires are strung  now all the way from Penticton to  Hedley and from Nicola to Princeton,  A big, healthy looking butterfly,  in ! the only unfinished portion being be-  suiunici' colors, was seen Hitting about i tween Hedley and Princeton.   The in-  the  power-house   last week.   This is j struments are at Princeton and will  scarcely what might be expected in j l>e put in shortly.  January, but then you must rememher .    ^ Gazette mftde j    lririC8 of Ml%  that. Hudloy is the heart ot the Sim '  ilkaiiieen.  Mr. Jas. K. Robertson, of Fairview. j a large volume of additional electric  has taken up another pre-emption on ; power from the plant installed at the  g up .'!  the lot-  on the  mil will  building on Scott avenue on  adjoining the Gazette office,  north. Tho building is'22 x 4rl  be ir??-d an a billiard hall. ���������  <i  Tho on Wo parted on the'short gravity '  tramway oetween the tipple and the \  ore bin at the toj> of the stamp mill a  few days ago, allowing both cars to:  charge into the bin. Tt made a "rough-!  house" for-iv little while, but the damage was soon repaired.  while was ornamented with hand-cuffs  and leg-irons, and a charge was prefer  red against him, of being intoxicated  the moreser ions features of the case  being over-looked by the constable in  laying the charge. He was brought before A. Megraw, J. P. on AVedncsday  morning, where after a lecture and a  warning he was (fined $30.00 and $10.50  costs. During the hearing the magistrate tried to draw from the accused  sonic information as to where he was  getting the liquor. It is well known  that Indians have no difficulty in procuring liquor in and around Hedley,  and whether it ho from the bars or  from bottles packed to them by others  outside the hotel business,the practice  must be put a stop to. Anyone who  Igivcs liquor to an Indian is outside the  pale of all that is decent or law-abiding,  and it is altogether a false idea of  either honor or lenity which will attempt to shield them.  Land Notice.  TAKE NOTICE that 60 days from date I  ���������*��������� "intend to apply to the Chief Commiwuioner  of Lands and Works for permission to purchase  tho south half of N. W. J Section 33, Tp. 19,  Ottoyom District.  , Dated at Fairview, January 26th, 1905.  3-i R. B. VEXNER.  ������e������C6OS&S>S������8������0Q0  ���������sm  AND  w  e have a lot of Lumbermen's Rubbers, and  Men's, Women's and Children's Overshoes  left, and nave decidied to sell them off  At Cost  LOST.  W. P. Rodgers concerning the rumor  j that the company had contracted for  below Fail-view,  piece of land that had  ���������   the-Gilt was a fine  ' been overlooked until he gathered it  in, and from' it he is hatching out another "park ranch."  Jas. Watt has completed the new  sidewalk on Scott avenue and Haynes  street. It- is a seven-footer of good  sound plank, and is held on an even  grade, the higher portion being protected with railing;" and good wide  steps run- down to the roadway on  Scott avenue, which is at present much  too low. This gives a much better appearance than would have resulted  . from following the natural grades.  E. D. Boeing's fine residence on  Kingston avenue had a narrow escape  from being burnt down on Monday  morning.. The thimble going through  the ceiling was too small and did not  allow sufficient space between the pipe  and the outer shell. The pipe becoming  too hot ignited the boards, which were  beginning to blaze when noticed by  his little nephew, Harold Bowermau,  who gave the alarm in time to save  the house. If the man who manufactures that style of thimble knew Mr.  Boeing's opinion of where he (the manufacturer) should bo it would do him  good, and probably save some houses.  It is understood that arrangements  are about completed for the opening  of a branch of one of the chartered  banks in Hedley. So far all the business from this section has been done  with the Vernon branch of the Bank  of Montreal, but the volume of business at Hedley has now outgrown that  arrangement and demands the location  of a branch of some bank here. The  Bank of Montreal, Bank of Commerce  and Bank of British North America  are the three institutions to which business men are looking for relief from  the serious inconvenience experienced  in being so far removed from a banking  point. The Daly Reduction Company  make no bones about it, that the first  bank in will get all their business; and  every business man in Hedley who has  been spoken to on the subject feels the  samo way. There is no doubt that a  bank located here .would receive the  loyal support of all Hedley and the entire Similkameen valley.  The new hotel near the old crossing  of Rock Creek on the way to  Midway  is proving a   convenience   to   public  travel, as it divides the distance on the  stage road between Sidley and Midway.   It is known as the Iona House,  the proprietor,  J. S. McLean,  hailing  formerly from the historic purlieus of  Staffa and Iona on the west coast of  Scotland, where the Iona House, famed as a tourist resort, rears its head  among  the ruins of old castles and  Druid remains.   If the government or  the railway companies do not get a  move on, the vicinity of this newest  Iona House will soon become also a  rendezvous for seekers after antiquarian lore, for it was here that in the  sixties   the   placers   of   Rock Creek  maintained, for a time, a population  of nearly a thousand people,  and today it is in the centre of a thriving  farming section, and on the line of the  two proposed and pre-proposcd railways. Of course it is  in  the Similkameen riding, and maybe that explains  its neglected condition in the matter  of railways, for on tho coast they always leave tho Similkameen out of all  their railway schemes.  Similkameen Falls in Washington  state. Mr. Rodgers said that it was all  ���������news to him.and he spoke admiringly  of the vivid imaginations required to  manufacture some of these canards.  The ideal winter weather of the Okanagan and Similkameen is something  that one can never get tired of talking  about. When over at Fairview on  December 15th the writer noted a  temperature of 00 degrees at 9 a. m.  and 05 degrees at 12 o'clock. On returning from Fairview last week the  weather was such that if one were  writing a story of the trip he would  begin with "It was a beautiful spring  morning in January." Just fancy;  on the 25th of January���������the anniversary of Bobbie Burns' birthday no less  ���������spinning along the road in a buggy  past Manuel Barcello's ranch, the  wheels nicking little particles of mud  and gravel on the knee cover and the  sun beaming so warmly on one's back  that the back rest of the buggy even  felt warm to the touch of the hand.  Not a vestige of snow was to be seen  anywhere on the roadside or in-the  adjoining fields.���������nowhere in fact but  on the tops and sides of the surrounding -mountains.- Tlie fields had that  gray, sober look which they take on  in late fall and early spring���������nature  just resting a bit before starting in on  another four crops of Richter's alfalfa  next summer.  A fracas occurred on Tuesday afternoon on the street in the region of the  Grand Union as the.result of too much  budge. Charlie Squakim, an Indian of  the Chichiwayai tribe got drunk and  proceeded to do up Charlie Burns who  he said owed him $20.00. Constable  Haynes stepped in to stop the trouble,  and found the Indian full of fight.  Squakim after resisting arrest for a  OETWEEN Hotel Similkameen and Sam Lcc  ���������*-*   Sine's wash-houso, one parcel of laundry.  Finder please return to hotel.  3-1 . W. T. ATHERTON.  FOUND.  ON* the sidewalk on .Scott avenue, a lady'a  belt. Owner call at th������  S-l GAZETTE OFFICE.  NOTICE.  Certificate of Improvements.  SATURDAY Mineral Claim, situate in tho  OtioyooH Mining Dirigion of Vale District  Where located:  Camp Hedley.  TAKE NOTICE that I, H. A. Whillant. free  mtnar'a certificate No. B7892S, intend, sixty-  days from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements  for the purpose ot obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that notion, under  section 37. must bo commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 30th day of January, A. D. 1905.  3-8 H. A. WHILLANS.  as We don't wish to carry a single pair over  for next season. We have marked them down  from 20 to 25%.. If you require a pair, secure  them at once as they will soon bo all sold.  , f* f ' ~������������������~~  W. T. SHATFORP <fe CO.  General Merchandise, HEDLEY, B.C. 8  oooooJf  m������s&&&i3Qn  ..Bread For Sale..  ���������Af-  Schubert's  Store,  JAS. M. CODY, Hedley, B.C.  f. nana & co.  General Store  KLE JR.E MEOS,  B.C.  Fairview's  Leading  Hotel.....  Cawstoei U Edmond  HEDLEY���������8.C.  S Golden Gate  H. JONES, Proprietor.  A Large and Entirely  New Stock of General   Merchandise  Just Opened.  Prices Reasonable.  This house waslately overhauled and enlarged, and  is nowr comfortable and  convenient.  Charges moderate.  FAIRVIEW, B. C.  =BUTCHERS=  Similkameen bred  and  Similkameen fed Cattle  have long been noted for  furnishing the finest meats  for the Boundary and the  Kootenays.  Buy it. at home and know  that you are getting the  Best.  Choice Meats Always on   Hand.  Give Us a Call!  k$r_  Hedley  Livery,   Feed  and  Sale Stable  HEDLEY,  B.C.  HOTEL SIMILKAMEEN  > HEOLE"V, B.C.  Tlie LeadlnglHotel of the Similkameen Valley.  This House is New and First Class in Every Respect,  Being- Equipped with all Modern Conveniences���������Electric Light, Telephone, Baths, Etc.        :       :       :      :  L McHerniott, Proprietor.  Strictly First Class Service.  Special Attention given to  the Travelling Public.  Teaming of all kinds done.  Horses Bought and Sold.  OffiL"  EDLEY  W R REVELY,  Proprietor.  The  Leading  House  For  Commercial  Men.   :   :   :  Best Only Provided, for Table  and Bar.  D. 0. HACKNEY, Prop.  issm  Tlie Pioneer Garriaoe  and  Repair Shop  HEDLEY,     -     -     B.6.  Horse-Shoeing and all kinds  of Blacksmithing done.    :   :  GEO. ft. SPROULE,  Proprietor.  IONA HOUSE  WHEN journeying to the  Boundary Country arrange your plans to stop  and rest a while ab the  IONA HOUSE, the halfway hotel between Midway  and Sidley. This is where  the stage stops for dinner.  Good Accommodation at  Moderate Rates.  <J. d.  Proprietor. fc  *++���������  Mr,l"M"l"r  i; lh^ Home  1 - SELECTED RECIPES. :  '���������.Orange Frosting���������Grate into a  bowl tlie thin yellow rind of an orange. Squeozo the juice., over it, add  a tablespoonful of lemon juice and  let, stand half an hour. Then beat  into it, gradually, powdered .'''sugar'  'enough to make it spread evenly.  Bent between each addition of .sugar,  as tliis tide ens the fronting.  ,'��������� Siiet Pudding���������Chop a cup of suet  \re<:y fine and free it from strings.  Add to it a cup of molasses, and  Warm  the     mixture  slightly. Add  .two>weU-beater.i oggs, cinnamon and  ���������mace to taste, and a pint of flour  .that has been sifted twice with a  s-aUspoonful of salt and a .scant teaspoonful of baking soda. Last of  oil, -''stir in a cupful of seeded and  minted raisins', plentifully dredged  With . flour. Pour into a buttered'  mold-and, ..steam for three hours.  Servcivwith liquid sauce..'���������  -Orange Custard���������Take the juice of  six large sweet oranges; strain and  sweeten to taste, stirring over the  fire until the sugar is dissolved,  remove from the fire and when nearly cold add the well-beaten yolks of  eix : eggs ami a pint of cold boiled  milk. .Return to fire and stir and  cook when cold heap the beaten  Whites,  sweetened with powdered su-  !���������.gar, "over the top  of each.  '���������". Orange Pic���������Boat the yolks of three  eggs light with a cup of granulated  sugar and a tablespoonful.. of butter.  'Add; the pulp, and juice of two oranges and the grated rind of half of  one. Then add a cup of cold milk.  'Mix well and turn into a deep pic  dish  lined  with  pastry  well     baked.  : Put in a modorately hot oven and  bake . until': custard is firm or set  in the middle. Cool and cover with  a meringue made of /the bcatef.i  whites and three largo tablespoonfuls of powdered sugar. Brown  slightly in oven and serve cold.  ".."White ..Mountain Ca.ke.���������Take two  'cups     sugar,  ; one-half     uup   butter,  .three cups flour, one cup milk", two  eggs, two teaspoonfuls baking powder.---After      the  sugar   and  butter  -havei been creamed, add the'rest and  ������������������stir-'all together well. Bake in three  layers and put together with icing  or jelly. , : - ..  "Fruit Layer Cake.���������Sift together  two eupfuls of sugar, one-third, cupful of butter, one cupful of sweet  milk, three eupfuls of sifted flour,  two '*��������� teaspoonfuls baking     powder.  When mixed divide into two parts1  and to one portion add beaten  whites of five eggs and to the  ��������� sec-  use them, and then watched to see  that they always do use them. But  as to infants, the toilet of the  mouth must be performed for them  and should never be neglected. For  this purpose a little wad of sterilized absorbent cotton should be used,  and then thrown away or rather  burned. When the baby has its  bath, the mouth bhould as a matter  of. routine be washed very gently  with a pledged of. cotton wet in  a solution of boracic acid or. any  other mild 'disinfecting liquid.'��������� If  the little gums are soft and spongy  and bleeding, dabbing them with  tincture  of 'myrrh, will  hefp  them.  Any cold whitclish may be made  into an acceptable entree by . being  treated a la Ncwljurg. A little white  wipe, in which-cloves and allspice  have been steeped, may be .added  just before the sauce is poured over  the fish. It should than simmer till  warmed without being boiled;  On a long ; railway journey a  woman can keep tlie dust and dirt  from her hat^'by placing it in a  large paper bag and hanging it up.  A. useful bag for a wet wash cloth  or sponge can be maido of rubber, the  outside being, covered with'- plain  or fancy silk.< -   ; " .  The following recipe for cough medicine." . comes from a New England  housewife and' was handed down to  her from an old-time sea-captain,  who..' considered it valuable: Blend  ones ounce of senna, one ounce oT  whole-flaxseed, or.o ounce of crushed  ljcoric-o a.i>d half-an ounce of aniso  seed, and -cook in boiling" water  (about three or four pints) until reduced to a ",q,iiartt. This housewife  always uses an iron kettle, to' boil  the mixture in. Strain, add one  cupful of molasses and boil a  minutes longer. ; Then cool,  when cold, add a little whiskey  alcohol,- 'Jto.v prevent fermentation.  Keep" the medicine in air-tight bottles.. Use a teaspoonful or two  when needed. This is really an effective; .'remedy..���������'for the- severe- hacking colds and coughs that arc" contracted  in  winter.   ���������"���������  EXPENSIVE HOUSEHOLDS  KEEPING   A  FAMILY   ON  $250,-  000 A YEAR. .  DO  Y0TJ' KNOW.  tagless shocstrir.g wet     in  is  ready  for service    when  That a  mucilage  dry? .'..." -..a.;;.;'-:-;.'. "���������.- !V  That equaP parts -of glycerin arid  witch hazel is a cheap and effective  lotion for chapped, hands, when  hands arc  damp?     ': ���������?'���������*. '" '  :  '..That broad is nearly perfect when  kneaded hard at night, left to rise,  then worked ready for pans ,. by  greasing hands, and adding! no more  flour, all flour being' then raised the  same length of time?  ��������� That,.tho'best wayvto train your  child in  the.way you want, it to go  The Home Life of Wealthy Women  Has  Almost  Entirely  ��������� "Disappeared.  The eternal servant problem     must  acutely  affect the    millionaire.        In  one iron king's household  there    arc  two' thousand   servants.   Tho   ''managing housekeeper"   to another magnate has an army of twelve hundred;  damsels    under    her,' ranging,    from  oig-hty-seven   parlormaids   to' twenty-  eight /.'rough   hands," -girls, of  from,  fifteen,   to     seventeen  years  of V. ago,  who have to dp the dirtiest work,in  the huge household,  until make .themselves generally",   .useful"to .the     servants  of higher grade.       . >"  This important' position' of "tman-  agihg housekeeper,", the salaries' for  which range from $5,000 to 325,000  annually, is a development in household management of recent years,  and" consequent upon the remarkable  increase in the number ot palatial  millionaire homes in the United  States. The positions are much  sought after, and it' is interesting to  note that, all other things being  e.-|ual, Englishwomen stand the best  chances of being appointed.-  BliEAKFAST AND BUSINESS.  Old-fashioned home . life, where  wealthy women took charge of their  own houses, has almost entirely disappeared. The millionaire's wife  now realizes that she can no longer  continue the two roles of society  leader and .house-caretaker,, and  and j '-herefore the "managing housekeeper" has become necessary. This maii-  iagrcss takes breakfast daily., alone,  with her mistress, and, over coffee  and . cakes, discusses the programme  for the day, and submits the previous' day's....record.-,She is .really: the  head of the household. "The mistress  herself takes ho'lmn'dj in the house  whatever. Servants come and servants go, gardeners change, footmen  disappear, revolutions may happen;  but nothing .of .-this', comes, under the  notice of the .real', mistress.; She ^is  virtually .a queen, and the "mana-  gress" her prime minister.- .-.'.. . -, .  Every branch of/ :. the: ;"hpusehpld  management is'-subTilivi'dcd/-,'and-each  section has ���������it.s;,,^ighly.--paid:cluef.;-.'  Like" a' real, queen, rthe''.uiii-lio.,.iaire'.s  wife has her mistress"-'of -the-robes;I-  and the post it; no sinecure. ��������� A large  staff is .maintained  for  the care     of.  thing that tho market^ affords., As  much as ������5,000 will be spent on a  single   dinner.  CHEF  REIGNS   SUPREME.  Regal   is the table in    the millionaire's household,   in white "and gold,  profuse in floral decoration, exquisite  bon-bons,     tropical   fruits,  and    hors  d'ocuvres���������-awaiting     the earning     of  tho    chefs    many    and    marvellous  courses,    After    the soups,  tiinbales  For   rele.vos,     Spanish   mackerel     or  Foyle   .salmon.      Never   did   fish      or  man  dream  of such 'decorations     as  the  chef   will     havo    bestowed   upon  these.   Even     the    plcbian   potatoes  will scarcely bo recognized   at     first  sight.    They aro as little in their element as  are    tho    fish  in  the Rhine  wine,   with    which    they are served.  These edibles give place to a saddle  of-mutton, with currant jelly.. Champagne,  almost    frozen,   displaces  the  last     wine.      Now   the     chef   tempts  waning     uppctilcs    with     entrees  of  sweetbread and terrapin,  and-Chartreuse, warm.       Then follow a sorbet  of frozen Kirsch  punch,  canvas-back  ducks,  and    salad,   with  Chambertin  wine.   Finally, plum pudding, drowned   in     cognac.     Ice cream   follows,  ant!  then     black  coffo's  and  cordials  announce that the    millionaire     and  his guests may rest from  their, -digestive   labors.���������London  Answers  few  or.I  wardrobe..'    Twice -a-year'   my  ond part the beaten yolks. This  batter may be baked in layers and  then cither put together in alternate layers of white and yellow with  any fancied filling, or made ir.ito two  separate layer cakes with different  filling and icing, or it may be made  into a loaf cake, adding to the yellow part one tablespoonful molasses, one teaspoonful cinnamon, one-  half ��������� teaspoonful cloves, one-half of  al'sp'icc, one-quarter pound citron,  sliced ..thin,..one cupful chopped raisins and cupful of flour. Put one batter in the pan in alternate spoonfuls  so that it will have a marbled appearance when done. Bake in moderately hot ovon about forty-five  minutes.   ,  Chocolate Cookies.���������Take a cupful  of light brown sugar, one-half cupful melted butter, one whole egg and  the yolk of another, one-half cupful  sweet milk, two tablespoonfuls  melted chocolate, one cupful raisins  finely chopped, a-n-d one and one-  half cupful flour, with two teaspoonfuls baking powder ' sifted through  it. Mix well together and drop from  a spoon on a greased tin, far enough  apart so they will not touch as they  spread, Bake a vich brown and  brush' over with melted chocolate  sweetened.  Cream Cookies.���������Two eupfuls sugar, one cupful butter, one cupful  sour cream, two eggs, one teaspoonful soda,..,, oix teaspoonful lemon,  mix soft as you ran roll.  Ginger Cookies���������Ono cupful molasses, one-half cupful shortening, threo  and one-quarter eupfuls flour, onc-  hal? teaspoonful soda, ono tablc-  Bpoonful ginger, one and one-half  tea spoonful suit. Jleut molasses to  boiling point and pour over .shortening. Add dry ingredients mixed  and sifted. Ohill thoroughly. Toss  one-fourth mixture on .a floured  board and roll as thinly as possible;  shape with a small round cutter, first  flipped in flour. Place near together on a buttered sheet and  as moderate oven. Gather  trimmings and roll with  portion of dough. During  the bowl containing mixture should  be. kept, in a cool place, or it will be  r.iecessary to add more flour to  dough, which makes cookies hard  rather than crisp and short.  is   to'    persistently  yourself. '"���������'.'   ���������  That the" best way to keep  own hearth and home bright  happy     is      constantly   to put  your  and  self  aside  work  and    with love  righteousness?  and   charity.  made to a grown  ly  careless   about  KEEP  YOUR PROMISE.  Many a- woman who would not  think'lightly of breaking a promise j  up person is utter- j  keeping her word  with her children. She promises  whatever is convenient at the moment, and apparently thinks that  the breaking or keeping of those  promises is a matter in which she  can please herself, and that hor children have no right to consider themselves aggrieved if she does not do  so.  THE   WASH  BOILER.  So many  boiler     rust     and   iron     rusts  clothes.   This   may   be   ontircly  vented   by  rubbing   the boiler  with  any kiivd   of kitchen soap  mediately     after    emptying  it  whilst it.   is warm.    Give it a liberal  coating,     remembering  the  soap     is  not  wasted,  as  it  all goes into and  helps  the  first  filling  of the.   boiler  next  washing  day.  tho  pre-  well  im-  and  WIT AT A  SMALL VICE  COSTS.  bake  in  up - the  another  rolling  USEFUL HINTS.  salad    dressing   warranted     to  better than mayonnaise    comes  England.    Stir together  in     a  saucepan  a  teaspoonful  of soli ttle salt and  dry    mustard  A  keep  from  small  gar,   a  three tablespoonfuls of vinegar and  three of cream. Stir well and add  two beaten esg yolks. Place in a  double boiler and stir until the mixture  is like cream.  Young children, as soon as the  first teeth appear should be given  little toothbrushes with very soft  bristles,     and  should be  taught     to  (the  lady  receives  consignments',, of.��������� dresses and. other apparel, from, Paris,    or  walk  that     way London.   The fickle  changes  of  fash-  'ion. in   England-affect  her not.  HOW LINGERIE IS KEPT.  When these big trunks arrive, their  contents-are forthwith: spread in the  ' hall.   Each   waist   of   every  garment  is  stuffed  with     tissue-paper,  sleeves  and  corsage,   as  well  as  every other  part     and    every   bow���������thus   all   aro  held in shape.  It is no unusuaf occurrence for a  | thousand dresses to arrive at one  'time, and, before they are put away,  {the mistress, accompanied by her  -maid, spends an afternoon in the  hall, and carefully inspects her new  -purchases. For lingerie there are  , very large wardrobes with shelves,  and this forms quite another department under an experienced mana-  givss. The shelves are entirely covered with perfumed silk sachets, and  the dainty lace-trimmed and be-rib-  boned articles are piled upon .these  people complain that the [sachets in  sets.       Hats-and bonnets  are another branch; and then a  smaller section, employing just about  live to eight hands, is devoted to  wraps and   winter  furs.  The stall* of a millionaire's household is accommodated in an entire  wing of; the ��������� residence, r Each employee has his or her separate room,  and all are allowed to choose their  meals from a comprehensive menu,  printed and issued daily. .They have,  in addition to their salaries, numerous advantages. There is an old-age  pension scheme, and the services of  a medical man are always, available  on the premises. The tyrival of tho  season's clothes is also an occasion  of rejoicing among'them. Each member of the household shares in tho  distribution of the lest season's apparel, and on this occasion the mistress is brought into contact, with  her  IMMENSE DOMESTIC STAFF.  We have already stated the handsome salary which tho "managing  housekeeper" in n millionaire's  household receives. "The mistress of  the robes receives from $2,000 t<l  $8,500 a year, and tho lady's maid  about. ?2,000 annually.  An ordinary servant is paid from  ���������S250 to $000 a year, and, in addition, there are the . advantages  enumerated above, and board arid  lodging of an exceptionally good  class. The stalT also include mechanics in large minxta's���������carpenters,  plumbers, painters, and "useful  men," who all reside on the premises.  But the chef's department is the  one upon which by far the largest'  amount -is expended. monsieur le  chef is supreme in ' the kitchen, and  will brook, no .interference. Even his  daily interview with the managress  is conducted with frigid independence. For a chef's respect for his  employers is measured by their readiness to live liberally. The more  clnborfilo the" menus he has to prepare, the bettor pleased he is. In the  have been! height of the season he' will be found  self-respect'surrounded by a small army of assistants,   occupied   with   every  costly  ODD USES FOR WARSHIPS  MEN-OF-WAR     WHICH     CARRY  EXCURSIONISTS.  maga-  my one  inquired  "How can j-ou afford these books?"  asked  a young  man,   calling  upon  a  friend;  "I eai.i't seem to find    spare  change  for even   the  leading  zincs."  "Oh,   that   library  is only  cigar a day," was the reply  "What     do  you   mean?"  the  visitor.  "Mean? .lust this; when you advised me to indulge in an occasional cigar several years ago, I had  been reading about a young follow  who bought, nooks with money that  others would have burned in cigars,  and I thought I would try to do  the same. You remember that I  said I should allow myself one cigar  a day?"  "Yes, I recall the conversation,  but don't quite see the connection."  "Well, I never smoked, but put  by the price of a five-cent cigar every  day, and the money accumulated I  bought books���������the very books you  see." " " ;.  "You don't mean to say that your  books cost you no more than that!  Why, there are dollars' worth of  them.  "Yes. I know there arc. I had six  years more of my apprenticeship to  serve when you advised me to be a  man. I put by the money, which  at five cents a day amounted to  ������18.25 a year, or .$109.50 in six  years. I kept those books by themselves as a result of my apprenticeship cigar money, and if you'd done  the same as I did you would by this  time have saved many more dollars  than I have, and would  better off in health and  lifsitloR."  Fleets of Vessels Owned by Third-  rate  Powers Are Apologies  for Warships.  While the great maritime Powers  arc" striving-might and main in the  struggle for naval supremacy, there  are" ono or two important countries  to., whom a navy, in the modern  sense of the word, is unnecessary and  useless. Such countries are diplomatically known as "neutral Powers."  Tho most typical instance in this'  connection is that of- Belgium. A1-.  though sandwiched Ivetween Gcrmauy-  and France, apprehensions of annexation by "either never perturbs the  minds of Belgian politicians. The  Great Powers mutually guaraht?e  Belgium's, integiity. The Belgian  fleet, however, comprises some seventeen vessels, but the last thing  they- would be fit for is fighting.  ������������������'., NAVIES AS POSTMEN.c  "���������;The'-larger number arc employed as  mail-packets, and any traveller who  has journeyed between England and  Ostend in a packet flying tho red,  yellow, and black tricolor has really  made the trip on a Belgian man-of-  war. The two crack warships are  of 798 tons, and have a spcrd of  21 knots. The ofliccrs navigating  the vessels comprise the naval reserve.  Those vessels v. Inch are not employed in the purely pacific capacity  aro maintained for the protection of  the fishing- along the coast. In addition to thio fleet, however, there  arc a number of shallow-draught,  stern-wheel boats patrolling the  rivers of the Congo, but this navy  is distinct from that of Belgium  proper. Yet the country has ambitions towards naval supremacy, for  there are two coast-def<mce vessels  and.six torpedo-boats projected.  In view of the large extent of the  sea-line of Mexico, the navy possessed by that country for the delence  of its coast verges upon the ridiculous. The inhabitants cannot complain of being ground down by taxation to support their navy, since it  only eoninriscs eight vessels, and  four of these are. woefully obsolete.  Tho four largest and most recent  were constructed in 1902-.'i, are of  1,280 tons, and 10 knots speed.  A PENNY STEAMER FLEET.  Still, Mexico has.no fears. "Hands  off!" is the cry of Uncle Sam when  any Power casts longing eyes xipon  Mexico and its wealth. But the ox-  tent of Mexico's interests, and her  reviving . prosperity, demands extra  naval force; and a programme has  been elaborated for six cruisers and  eight tor.pedo-b.oats, spread over  five years, at an outlay of one million dollars per annum.  Egypt- is another country which  has been saved the necessity of building up a navy by its protection under England's wing. True, there are  some forty boats comprising a fleet,  but the majority of these may be  safely placed in the same category  as the Thames steamboats���������they are  about as ancient and cllicicnr... .  Ono Egyptian man-of-wai, when  not belching forth shot and sh.'ll,  serves as the Khedive's yacht- another as a transport; and several in  the capacity of coastguard steamers.  Many of the South American  States, though immune from E'iro-  pean aggression, thanks to the  Monroe doctrine, . yet maintain  navies���������just, as it wore,  "TO  KEEP THEIR HANI) IN,"  for quarrels between them aro almost of everyday* occurrence. Per-  tiaps tho smallest and most bizarre  are those of Paraguay and San Salvador. The former has one gunboat of 440 tons, carrying four  three-pounder guns, and two smaller  steamers; while the latter Power is  still worse equipped, for her solitary  gunboat is only of 75 tons, and the  armament consists of Cue. small  tjuick-flring gun. .  Some, of these Iowitb���������such n������  Ecuador and the effervescent Vcnziip-  lu/���������possesses     second-hand   warships.  Ecuador has two old wooden and  iron tubs, purchased from Franco;  while the latter country acquired an,  obsolete Spanish .torpedo gunboat,,  which now acts as.flagship.  It -would be interesting to loam  the salary which the admirals of the  navies of Liberia, Cambodia, Korea,  or Persia receive in respect of their  duties; and, .furthermore, exactly  what their duties comprise Thc-Li-  borian admiral has* probably the easiest oITicc. .^A year or two ago there  were two vessels demanding his" supervision,- but one, unfortunately,  foundered while at anchor. The remaining vessel, the "Rocktown," a'  sionim schooner, is scarcely sufficiently seaworthy to venture beyond .shallow water, and the crew, it would  appear, pass their time "potting"  seagulls.  A FLEET IN���������FUN.  Of late the Korean navy has faded into.oblivion, in comparison with  the titanic forces at present in those  waters. But there are two vessels���������  the "Chi Hong," of 700 tons, and '  "Bankchef Henriksen," of 600, tons.  What-their speed is would make an  entertaining guessing competition.  Both warships, by the way, were  procured from < Norway, and so in-  different is the country to naval affairs that they have not yet trou'blod  to change the, name of the second  vessel, which still retains its original Norwegian nomenclature.  Another curious little navy is that  of Sarawak. The present representative of Rajah Brooke cannot renounce his English desires for a  navy, so has gathered together a  motley fleet of three vessels���������"Lorna  Boone" and " "Aline," small screw  steamers, each carrying two small  guns, 'and- a small  paddle-boat.  Morocco boasts two small vessels.  Though obsolete, they arc more formidable than .the Costa Rican men-  O'-'war, or that of Johore Even volcanic Mayti maintains a navy to  strike -additional terror- into the  hearts of its foes. Lt. is a motley  fleet in being, and one shot from a  6 inch gun would send the whole -  consignment of hulks to tho bottom.  Fact  MOVABLE HOUSES.  Dwellings That May Always  the Sunlight.  , On, r.io doubt, quite sufficient  grounds, experts in hygiene arc accustomed to lay a good deal ol  stress on the importance of correctly orientating dwclling-hoxise's, so  that they may receive the maximum  amount of light and of protection  from cold winds. It certainly does  appear that the more the rooms in  which we live are exposed to tho  rays of the sun the better, for sun-  lig-ht seems to bo at once stimulating' to human vitality and destructive to that of many objectionable  low forms of life.  Experience has taught us to select  as far as is practicable a southern  aspect for our houses, but even  when this is done, the fixity of the  structure - prevents our regulating  the supply of sunlight to clit'lerent  rooms according to our varied  tastes.  Two French gentlemen���������Br. Pellagrin and M. E.��������� Petit, an architect,  of Paris���������propose to change all this.  They have, according to the Lancet,  designed a method of erecting houses  on rotating, platforms, so that the  building can be made to face in any  required direction at any time. Tho  platform is. supported on two concentric walls, the inner chamber so  made containing a stairway, and the  axis of rotation is occupied by a  shaft through which pass the supply arxl waste pipes of the house. A  gas or petrol engine is employed to  move the platform���������and if necessary-  it can be used to drive clockwork���������  which will enable the house front to  follow the sun during the day. Thorc  are obvious difficulties in the way of  the general adoption of schemes of  this kind, but the idea is, our contemporary urges, one worthy of the  attention of British architects.  PEOPLE WHO LIVE IN NESTS.  Travellers who have returned from  the heart of Africa and the Australasian continent toll wonderful stories  of nest-building people who inhabit  the wilds of those countries. In the  bushmen of Australia we find, perhaps, tho lowest order of men that  is known. They are so primitive  that they do not know enough to  build even the simplest form of hut  for shelter. The nearest they can  approach to it is to gather a lot of  twigs and grass and, taking them  into a thicket or jungle, build a  nest for a home. The nest is usually  built large enough for the family,  and if tho latter be very numerous  then the nests are of a very, large  size. Sometimes - the foliage above  will form a natural covering,  there is never any attempt at  structing a protection from the  and storms.  but  con-  rai n  JAPANESE   PRISONERS.  Prisons in Japan resemble large  country houses with many outbuildings, and do not, either in the solidity or details of their r.oi.r.tru-.ftion,  wear a penitentiary aspect. The  prisoners' get food in proportion to  their- conduct and industry. Tho  labor is compulsory, but not severe,  and the prisoner gets part of his  earnings. Serving a term in prison  does not impose an indelible stigma.  All youths under nineteen years pass  two hours each day in school. ��������� Even  when their term of sentence is ovor  they cannot be released till a surety  is found for their subsequent good  behaviour.


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