BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Hedley Gazette Aug 10, 1916

Item Metadata


JSON: xhedley-1.0179790.json
JSON-LD: xhedley-1.0179790-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xhedley-1.0179790-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xhedley-1.0179790-rdf.json
Turtle: xhedley-1.0179790-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xhedley-1.0179790-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xhedley-1.0179790-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 it  we 1. *T-f ���������H^u.tWB.l WT-duy  ww^^mti'nnrw^ ifaftyt. ..t,an.tiViriJTOJia  Jtjt.  ,''Kt������ '  r'-V*  ..&:., ..T^.T:  '-is ���������������",      '  "   t-  ���������x  ���������Volume XII.      Number-30.  HEDLEY, B. C, THUKSDAY, AUGUST 10,  1916.  $2.00, In Advance  JflS. GLftRKE  U/atchmaker  MEDLEY,B.C  GlocKs and WatGhes for Sale,  Travel by Auto,1...  Call up Phone No. 12  , ��������� ,    /        ���������  IF A good stock of Horses and Rigs on  ������ Hand.   IT Orders for Teaming  promptly attended to.  WOOD   FOB   SALE!  SAVE  YOUR  PALACE  Livery, Feed & Sale Stables  MONEY  FOR THE  Dominion War Loan  " Phono 12.  HEDLEY   B. C.  D. J.'INNIS  Proprietor  N. Thomps n phone SEYMOUR 3913  MGB. WE8TKRN CANADA  Cammell Laird & Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturers    -  -  Sheffield, Eng.  Offices and Warehouse, 847-63 Beatty Street  Vancouver, B. C  TO "BE ISSUED  BQ  -       A. F. & A. M.  REGULAR monthly meetings of  Hedley Lodge' No. 13, A. F. & A. M.,  are held on the second Friday in  each month in Fraternity hall, Hedley. Visiting  brethren are cordially invited to attend.  H.  SPROULE,  W. M  S. E.  HAMILTON  Secretary  L. O. L.  i    Tho Regular    meetings of  Hedley Lodge 1744"are held on  the  first and third Monday in,  every month in tho Orange Hall  Ladies moot" 2nd and i Mondays  Visiting brothern are cordially invited  W.'LONSDALT"*, W.M.  H. IS. HANSON, Sec't.  most stepped on a rattlesnake  over a yard long sunning itself  on the'front porch. She called  her brother ^and succeeded in  shooting it.  A patriotic meeting of the  citizens of Olalla was held in  the school house on the evening  of Friday, August 4th, the.  second anniversary of the British empire into the great world  war. In opening the meeting  Mr. R W. Northoy read the circular letter, sent  out  to  every  By purchasing a bond you will heip  to WIN THE WAR and" obtain for  yourself-'ah investment of the highest  .class yielding a most attractive rate  of interest.  DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE  OTTAWA. '      .   '-  WWJBHBWMffMf  R. F������. BROWN  British Columbia Land Surveyor  Tel. No. 27,  PENTICTON,  P. O. Dhawkk 160  B. C,  Pf W. GREGORY <���������  CIVIL  JflNGINEISR and BRITISH  PQLUMBLV L.AND.SURVEYOR  Star Building       -       Princeton  \YAI,TPI"   OI,A"i'TOI* C,   E(   HASKINR  6LAYT0N & tWSKINS  Barristers, Solicitors, Etc,  .  MONJSY TO liOAK  PENTICTON,       -       B. C.     ���������  li  Medley Opera House  fl. I. JONES, Manaaer \  A largo,  commodious  hall for  dances or other entertainment.  X  ������  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  $  X  X  X  X  X  X  ������  X  X  X  %  ijn^Rnrvn^������w'^'R������������t'������K'R'*'^������w'ni*,{������Mi.  Grand Union  Hotel  HEDLEY,  British Columbia  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  of Liquor and Cigars  A,   WINKLER,     Proprietor.  *8  All kinds of fresh and  cured meats always on  hand.   JTresh Fish  oh .  sale   every   Thursday.  R, J. EDMOND, Prop;  ������������*>:ii������'w'    .1 1     ......   1      i. r*^  GREAT. "NORTHERN  HOTEL  HEDLEV B.C.  Bar and Table the Best,   Rates Moderate  First CIosb Accommodation  JOHN. JACKSON, Proprietor.  KEREMEOS ITEMS,   j  Messrs. Conklin and Beatty  of Penticton spent a few days  in, town last woek.  Miss McTavish is" spending a  few days -the guest of Mrs. R C.  Clarke, Urba Villa.  Mr. J. J. Armstrong spent a  few days last week in visiting  the Boundary country.  Mrs. J.- J. Armstrong spent  the'week visiting her daughter  Mrs. R." H. Oarmichael.  Mi-59 Lecher of Vancouver is ;  visiting   with    the Misses Gibson of Riverside Lodge,  Messrs, Jordan and Brown  will ship a carload of ore from  the Dolphin in a few days.  Miss Crosby of Vancouver is  visiting here with Mrs. D. Mo-  callum for a couple of weeks.  Mr. and Mrs. D. McCallum  motored to Princeton on Sunday to meet their friend, Miss  Crosby.  Mr. and Mrs. H. Frances of  Tweed, Ont., are visiting with  the hitter's uncle Mr." J. Knowles  of Olalla.  The Sunday school picnic held  at Olalla on Friday was well  attended and everyone had a  good time.  L. W. Shatford and JR. S.  Conklin were nominated here  on Thursday as candidates in  the coming election.  The dance held in the town  hall on Friday was a great success. It was quite warm, hut  everyone turned out and had a  good time,  Mr, and Mrs. Knowles of  Olalla, accompanied by Mr. and  Mrs, Frances of Ontario, were  visitors in town on Monday and  spent the day.  Mr. Carle, fire guard, was cm  business to Ashnola last week,  and was accompanied by his  little son, Ralph, who claims he  had the pleasure of catching six  fish.  Mrs. Keeler, after visiting her  old home in Nebraska and  other points in the east for the  jjast two months, returned home  last week.. Her many friends  are glad to see her back.  The boy scouts returned froni  their camping trip at Horn  lake last Thursday, very much  satisfied with their outing.  They report splendid bathing  and a general good time all  around;  Messrs. Young, and Pearson  are at the Ashnola looking after some mining interests. -V--'  Don't forget the Flower Show.  When? August 25th. Time,  afternoon and evening. Place,  Town hall. For .patriotic purposes.  Messrs. Archibald and Short,  of Vancouver, inspectors of the  Bank of Commerce, were* in  Keremeos looking over the  books for the, year. . ><-���������**���������- ���������  * "We are sorry to report that  Mr. A, Robertson took a turn  for the worse again Tuesday  evening, which his many friends  were sorry to hear.  Mr. Norcross, superintendent  of the.B. C. Copper company at  Copper mountain, was in town  last week on his way from visiting his mother in the east.  Constable and Mrs. Boen left  on Tuesday for the coast. Mr.  Bowen will be away for two  ' weeks and Mrs. Bowen will  spend a month with relatives  and friends.  A number of bur Keremeos-  ites motored to Ashnola on Sunday picnicing and fishing, returning in the evening with a  good catch of fish and well  pleased with their day's outing.  The members of St. John's  Guild will hold a garden party  and lawn dance at the home of  Mrs. W. M. Frith on Thursday  evening, August 17th. Icecream  and other refreshments will be  sold for Red Cross purposes,  Mr. Anderson of the Bank of  Commerce is here relieving Mr.  Corbett for a couple of weeks.  Mr. Corbett left on Wednesday  for Seattle where he will visit  his parents, and will also visit  Vancouver and Victoria.before  returning. -  No need of people doing without plenty of green vegetables  and ripe, juicy fruits when  Keremeos has such an abundance. Lots of apricots, peaches,  plums, etc., cucumbers, tomatoes  and every kind of vegetable  that can be grown.  E. Condit of the Horn Silver  mine received a carload of machinery last week, including a  60-horsepower gasoline engine  and compressor. Mr. Condit  now has teams hauling ore to  Similkameen and expects to be  sh'ipding regularly from now on.  Miss Flo Daly was very much  surprised one day last week  when on going out to pick some  flowers from the garden she al  to wn and village in  the  province   by   "Lieutenant-Governor  Barnard requesting the citizens  to pass the folloAving resolution:  " That on this 'the second anniversary of the 'declaration of a  righteous  war,  this meeting of  citizens   of    Olalla,    Keremeos  and  Keremeos  Center  records  its  inflexible  determination to  continue to a victorious end the  struggle    in    maintenance    of  those ideals of liberty' and justice which are the common and  sacred cause.of the allies."   Mr.  R. W. Bowen, Keremeos Center,  took the chair and "delivered an  appropriate1.speech on' the subject.    He was followed by the  Rev, F. Stanton  of Keremeos,  who received warm applause at  the  conclusion   of his address.  R. W- Northey of  Olalla" then  said a few things in  liis  usual  quaint style, ��������� which  were well  received.   .The  chairman  then  read the resolution,  which was  unanimously carried,  and then  the   whole audience  joined- in  singing'the National anthem.  POLITICAL POINTERS.  What  the  George   Washingtons  Saying They  Will  Do���������  and, Will Not.  Nine or ten years ago,' during  a political  campaign, the Victoria   Colonist   discovered   the  mining districts   of   Yale   and  Kootenay, through the medium  of    its    representative,    R.   J.  Burd.    Although Mr. Burd was  sent  to furnish   political dope,  occasionally in his writings the  fact  would  obtrude  itself that  hundreds  of thousands of tons  of rock carrying  paying quantities  of gold, silver, zinc, lead  and  copper were being mined  and  treated  annually in South  Eastern British Columbia. Since  then the Tories of Victoria have  known  that minerals were being extracted "along the Dewd-  ney  trail."    It is possible that  the mineral wealth of Yale and  Kootenay will  be  rediscovered  during this campaign, and this  time  the  Grits  of the Capital  City may  possibly be enlightened.    With Messers. Brewster  and Macdonald is a representative of another palaeozoic publication, the Victoria Times, and  we  may confidently hope that  through vast amount the political  verbiage  will   filter   some  inkling  of our mineral wealth  local   Libsral ' association   was  chairman.     The   first   speaker  -was R. S. Conklin, Liberal candidate for the district. He spoke  briefly, saying he  would again  visit Hedly before  election day  when he would go  more  fully  into   public   questions.     M.  A.  Macdonald ^of  Vancouver   was  the   next speaker.      Mr.   Macdonald kept   his   audience   interested   for   nearly   an   hour.  A   logical    speaker,   he  brings  his facts, or alleged  facts, out  clearly.   "He  dealt   principally  with the financial policy of the  government,  pointing out that  instead   of   retrenchment,   the  the provincial debt was increasing yearly without any attempt  being   rnade; to    develop    the  natural resources of the' province.  He also-criticized the railway policy of the government.  Mr." H. C. Brewster,'the leader of  the  opposition, would'do well  to adopt'as far as possible Mr'.'  Macdonald's style.    Often in attempting to arrive at a conclusion  he jack-rabited   over,  the  ground- until vhis  audience lost  the  hypothesis,  the   reasoning  and the conclusion in a jumble  of    unnecessary   phrases   and  words.    Howevei",   people   will  not  think' less  of the man for  not  being  able  to   talk  like a  lawyer.   In his speech of nearly  an  hour,  Mr. Brewster did not  make a statement that eould be  questioned.     He devoted considerable time to the land  monopolies  in   the   north, and   to  the  "plugging"   in  Vancouver.  The    meeting .concluded   with  cheers for Brewster, Macdonald  and Conklin.  c j-f    ���������*V-*j;t5/J  ':fl  1 i..������  ' -it.  ' -iff  ���������'9  A,  constable can-'make complaint  and enter a prosecution in his  own name. The informer runs  no risk of his identity being disclosed, .as the Act specifically  provides that the constable need  non "communicate the name of  the person giving such information."  What   an    opportunity   this  clause  opens  up  for a man or  woman  getting  square with a  neighbor, with whom there may  be a,neighborhood quarrel,  or  where a  neighborhood grudge  eqists ?    What a wide field this  clause opens up- for the  blackmailer,  that type of person despised  by all  honorable. men ?  And yet srch methods as these  ai e deliberately outlined in the  B. C. Prohibition Act.    Is it any  wonder that even ardent Prohibitionists,   who   are   also.' true ,<��������� -,><i  British'subjects, are refusing,tof>;^j$  approve'aii Act containing such "%,%*$  un-British'provisions!- .. v'-/"5'." \'%?$f$  Another fundamental rule of *'-���������)'*������  British law is that a" man .'is,- in-. ,:'\!\  nbcent until he is proven guilty.'\'?Y"'^  The B. C. Prohibition-PAct seeks'  tp overthrow; this firmly"estabr"  lished principle,  its provisions  stating that when prosecution  is entered against a matron account of his-having liquor in'  his  pbssession,'-it is up^tothe  accused  person 'to   prove 'that,  this liquor was legally acquired ',  and legally held.    In plain Eng- ,  lish, this provision means  that  ain'an is guilty until he'proves ,  himself innocent.   Suclr legislation  is .certainly not only un-,%*"///^  3$  ���������'*,ir  >fy.  BRITISH TRADITIONS  AND CUSTOMS  DEFIED.  Prohibition  Act  Proposes  to  Introduce Methods  Which Are  Distinctly   Un������British.  Friday last L. W. Shatford  was in Hedley on a preliminary  canter of the district and called  at The/Gazette office. Mr. Shatford bases his claim for the support of the electors on what he  has done to encourage development in the district by roads,  trails, bridges and railroads,  and this contention would appear to be correct from the fact  that the opposition speakers at  Tuesday's meeting here held  practically the same views in  regard to the work of Mr. Shatford. He will hold a public  meeting here about the 15th,  when he expects the premier  and some of the other cabinet  ministers to speak  Tuesday afternoon there was  a large crowd in Fraternity hall  to hear H. C. Brewster, M. A,  Macdonald and R. S. Conklin.  G. McEacliern, president of tho  British traditions and customs  which have been established for  centuries, and which are dear to  the heart of every Britisher, as  they represent in him the very  foundation of that Government,  which he believes to be the freest on the face of the earth, are  thrown to the ground and  trampled in the dust by the B.  C. Prohibition Act, This phase  of the referendum lefislation on  which the electors' will vote on  Sept. 14th should be carefully  investigated by every loyal  British subject.  A fundamental principle of  the private life of every Britisher is that "A man's home is his  castle," and the sentiment expressed this motto is dear to the  heart of every man who enjoys  the protection of the British  flag. The B. C. Prohibition Act,  without the slightest regard for  this and dearly cherished right  of the subject, sets this principle  absolutely at naught, and  tramples it under foot. Clause  48 of the Act provides that any  officer of the law, provincial or  local, may, at any time and  without a warrant, forcibly  break into the home of any citizen if he has the merest information of tlie least idea that  the occupant of the house possesses liquor. Not only may he  break into the home, but, having entered, he''may forcibly  break open any closet, chest,  box or receptacle in the home.  The question as to whether  such methods are in accordance  with British traditions and custom will be answered at once by  one lihtle word which contains  only two letters.  Another fundamental rule of  British life is that when a man  is attacked through the process  of law he has the right to know  who is behind the prosecution.  This just and time-honored custom is absolutely thrown overboard by clause 29 of the Prohibition Act. This provides that  when  any person gets the idea  British,   but- also   a   rahV, in,  justice.  \     -'       '      -'", :"v, >  "r '���������' .<  Only a few of the  un-British*  provisions   of this counterfeit!, -  Prohibition Bill'are enumerated '  above.', It is believed, however, ,  that  the  mention pf these few.  instances ��������� will arouse  the electors to a sense of their duty as  loyal  subjects,  true to  British  traditions and customs,  to such  an extent as will cause them to'  closely investigate the" Act.-   In  order that full .opportunity may  be pi ven along  this   line,   the ;  Merchants' Protective .Association has issued'a bopkTet" which'  contains the full text of the Prohibition-Act.     Copies   of   this  pamphlet may be  obtained on  application   to  the Association  at Room 24, Canada Life Building, Vancouver.  Send for a copy  and learn wjhat this  Act really  means.  ^  ~i,i i  1-7-  '   *ri L  \**"  .    > I  Mrs. W. F. Forbes left yesterday for a couple of weeks' camping at Osoyoos lake.  Mrs. E. D. Boeing and daughter are spending a couple of  weeks in camp at Osoyoos lake.  Mrs. J. H. Gillis and Miss  Frances Hamilton- of Sand  Point, Idaho, arrived in town  Tuesday on a visit for a couple  of weeks with Mr. and Mrs. S.  E. Hamilton.  This evening at 8 o'clock^  there will be a meeting of Scott  avenue property owners in T.  H. Rotherham's store to discuss the question of street  grade before work on the new  sidewalk is commenced.  in his head that any person has  liquor in his possession he can  go to a constable and tell him  what he thinks. On the basis of  this   casual   conversation    the  The Conservatives are sure of  10 out of 15 seats in the interior, and the Liberals 12 out  of 15. Whether these are constituencies or seats7 that they  carry round for campaign purposes is" not stated.  Bow Kee, a resident of Hed-  for thirteen years, died Sunday  evening. He paid^100 cents oil  the dollar, and wasan all round  good fellow. The funeral took  place Tuesday afternoon, quite  a number of residents .following the remains to . the "grave.  None of the. Chinese customs,  such as scatteriag devil papers,  howling mbrner's, ,etc.'- were folio wed. Bow Kee was a Christian, and wished to be buried  as one. At the request of deceased, instead of rice, chicken  and poi-k on the grave, a bottle  each of Three Star and Scotch  were placed in the casket, so  that when the great awakening  comes Bow will be there with  the goods to treat his friends  as he did here, lavishly. It was  his "light;" have we a better  than friendship for all?  :.r:<m  .jsiissra",.' < v.������v THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  H~  Gin Pills are acknowledged to have the  largest sale of any proprietary medicine la  Canada���������nil achievement solely due to their  remarkable virtue as a Kidney and Bladder  remedy.  But usrts of Gin. PHls have discovered that  this invaluable icmcdy aho act-, as a inild  rnthnrlic The evidence of hundreds of letter.!  7,-e have received establishes the very logical  fact that in compounding n medicine lo Ileal  and tunc up the Kidneys and Bladder certain  of the iugicf'ienU have n stimulating effect  upon the other organs, especially the bowels.  Jt U important to know, in the case of constipated patients, that Gin I'ills do not act  haishly on the bowels; there is no griping,  but n gradual and gentle restoration of the  function. Tiv Gill Pills, for constipation. In  thus i elievinj" the bowels, you safeguard your-  leli against possible Kidney trouble.  Gin Tills arc 50c. :i box, or 0 bores for $2.50  nt your dealci's. Atiiul tieatmeut will be  bent upon request, lo jg  National Drug &. Chemical Co.  oi- Canada, Limited, Toronto.  K1DMEYS  c  ^W^ UNIVERSITY  %Jtt  KINGSTON  ONTARIO  ARTS EDUCATION  APPLIED SCIENCE  Including mining, Chemical, Civil, Mechanical aud Klcctrical 1'ugiueering.  MEDICINE  Burins tne War there will bo continuous  cessions in Medicine.  HOME STUDY  The Arts Course may be taken by correspondence, but students desiring to graduate must attend one session.  SUMMER SCHOOL,     ceo. r. chowm i  JULY AMD AUGUST RECI3TRAR  4 Granulated Eyelids,  , .Eyes inflamed by expo-  cure to Sua, Diisiaiid Wing  quickly relieved by Mur'ae  __ Eye Bcrasdy. Mo Smarting,  ^*"     ~*~ just   Eye   Comfort.    At  ������"our Druggist's 50.-: per Bottle. Murine Eya  SaheinTubes25c. For Book ol lbs Eye Freeask  "Drj^ists oi MurineEys 3eracdy Co., Chicago  An Incorrigible Outlaw  Famous Western . Bucking   Horse  Will  be One of the Attr&ctions at the  Moose. Jaw  Stampode  "Maple Creak," considered by.western cattlemen to be the best crooked-  bucking horse iii the world, and.the  iinnnal (hat gave Emery LaGrande,  tho world's champion-bucking-horse  iicIt, the hardest ride of his career  at the Gloichen, Alta., Stampede last  ye.u, has been secured to test the skill  of tho cowboys who will ride at the  big  Moose  Jaw  Stampede,  July  11th  to nth.      ,;,.'.-   -;. .; .    ..'  ' Maple Creek" is, a three year old,  and is owned by A. P. Day, of Medicine Hat. Originally he was the 'pet  saddle lioise of an Alberta rancher's  daughter. One.winter she left him in  the stable on an oat diet, and the first  tinio she mounted hirr; for a spring  pdt he bucked'her over the fenci into  the ditch Tlie rancher couldn't r.ri-  dcisfand this, as he was always a  gentle hoise, and he mounted "Maple  Clock," and was likewise precipitated  over tho fence..-'-Three' of the young  woman's cowboy admirers then sought  to conquct the beast, and were themselves conquered, so that he was given  up as an incorrigible outlaw, no longer  fit for riding. It was then that Day  lea mod of him and purchased him for  the Oleic hnn'Stampede and his reputation has been growing rapidly ever  .since  'I his famous horse, and a dozen of  othois of gieat reputation as buckers,  <\ill b" frn at the Stampede, antt  I lie i e aio many who are wagering that  moio than one cowboy will wish  ".Maple Clock" and his kind had never  boon lion id of before the four days of  the Stampede have elapsed.  Miller's Worm Powders were devised  to promptly relieve children who suffer from tho ravages of worms, ft is  a simple preparation warranted to  destroy stomachic and intestinal  worms' without shock or injury to the  most sensitive system. They act thoroughly and painlessly, and (hough, in  some cases tlu-y may cause vomiting,  that is an indication of their powerful action and not of any nauseating  property.  Queen Mother Saw Game  Ono of the   best-stories  illustrating  the practical sympathy of Queen Alexandra     is   told     by   Lady   Randolph '  Churchill.      .Not long ago  the Queen  Mother stopped her motor car in Hyde  Park   in   order <to   watch   a  game   of  football which some soldiers were en-  enjoying near the Serpentine. No one  recognized   her.     The   same   evening  Her  Majesty   sent  a  subscription    to j  the  fund  for  giving  footballs  to  sol-'  dicrs in training.  'Minard's   Liniment  used  by   Physicians.  Sow the Best Seed  Seed Selection Pays the Grain Grower  Every Time  Every     intelligent    farmer    in this  country   has    learned   in   the    cosily  school  of  experience   that it  pays to  sow  or plant  only  the  best  of  seed.  The  cost of  cultivating,   seeding and  harvesting  is   practically    the    same  whether    poor  seed or good    seed is  used,  and the  difference between the  cost   of  poor  seed   and   good   seed  is  comparatively   small   when   coinpaied  with   the    investment    made   in   the  above  operations.    Willi  a good seed  bod  the returns from  low grade seed  wheat of doubtful  germinating qualities   as  compared     with   the    returns  from   the  very   choicest    wheat    will  often   be  from   ten  to  fifteen  bushels  per acre and frequently more.  Seager  Wheeler has done more  to  show the  benefit   of   seed   selection   than   probably any other man  in  this country,  r-'or over   twenty years     ho lias been  selecting   the   best  from   his   growing  crop every year and from the progeny  of this carefully selected seed  he has  again selected the best, with the result  that on his test plots he has produced  as high as eighty bushels per acre of  Marquis wheat.    It is not possible to  bring every farm up to the high pitch  of cultivation and make every 'farmer  a   specialist in    seed  selection    or to  bring the average yield  of wheat up  to   eighty   bushels   per   acre.     But it  would seem leasonable to expect that  the   average     might   be    brought  far  above  seventeen  to nineteen  bushels  per acre, which  was the rule prior to  the  extraordinary    crop    of 1915.    It  should be remembered that the methods adopted by Scager Wheeler which  have enabled  him  to  win the world's  championship with his Marquis wheat  on three different occasions, and winch  enabled  Paul Gerlach of Allan, Sask.,  to   win  the  world's  prize  on  one occasion, can bo followed by any fanner  of   ordinary intelligence.    These  men  have done no wheat  breeding.    Thoy  have only  taken the  best thoy could  find and year by year selected the best  from   the   best.     Many   farmers   feel  that   they  cannot   afford   the  time  to  put   in   a   quarter   acre   of   carefully  selected seed  and maintain this quarter  acre  plot year  after  year for the  pioducMon of banc! selected seed. But  if  thoy  were  to  figure  carefully    the  benefits   which   might   reasonably   be  derived from 100 to-200 acres of wheat  produced from this selected seed, thoy  would find that in dollars and cents  (he investment would  be a good one.  Seed selection carried oh in this manner tor a matter of five years  would  raise the quality as well as the quantity of wheat produced on every acre  of the farm and  the increase in cash  returns would  be a huge dividend on  the time and money spent in preparing a half bushel of seed from it each  year.     Tho.   Canadian   Seed   Growers'  Association is doing excellent work in  this direction and merits   much more  widespread   support   than   it   receives  in this country.  Sugar-Dressing for Hun Wounds  Sugar-dressing for tho wounds of  German soldiers is the latest provision  of the science department in the service of the army. The trouble will  soon be, however, according lo a  humorous local journalist in Saxony,  lit ji t, there will be nothing left sweet  enough for the needs of the ordinary  civilian. Sugar has been commandeered by the War Providers. There  arc two conditions applied to the use  of sugar in this connection. One is  that the sugar is not discjifcclant, and  the other is that it is of no use until  the bleeding ceases. Then, asks the  same wag,- what is. the use of itP  Just- One More  Direct Message  NEW   BRUNSWICK   WOMAN   SAYS  USE   DODD'S   KIDNEY  PILLS  Proud Skippers, The������e  Masters  of Trawlers   Despise Seamanship of Navy  Every trawler is distinctive, and the  whole character of the crew and of  the life on board depends on the captain. These skippers are types who  seem to have survived from an age  long since gone by." You can always  tell n North Sea trawler from a West  country one. Tho North Sea skippers  seem stern and taciturn, whereas tho  West countrymen, mostly Devonshire  men, seem genial; 'loquacious. All  are, however, delightfully independent  and express their views on things in  general in a manner which makes  naval officers tremble for the discipline of the service. They love to  criticize everything. Tho skipper of  a trawler never will admit that any  officer in the navy is a real seaman.  They will stoutly maintain that seamanship is a lost art, which can now  only be found among themselves, and  they love to hold forth on the handling  of great battleships as they make their  way into narrow harbors or take up  difficult anchorages,* pointing out how  much better they could have done tho  job themselves. They love to grumble  at everything, and without a grievance  they would be miserable.��������� Liverpool  Courier.  SPLITTING PAIN  S IN THE MUSCLEE CURED  EN OUT flee By IE BVILI  I   was  Asthma  Canadian Timber Values --  According to a recent Commerce report the values of tlio various classes  of limber produced in Canada, in  1914, together ��������� with the values of the  forest products, total ?17'5,67"2,000, being divided as follows: Lumber, lath  and shingles, $07,500,000,; fire wood,  ��������� $00,500.000; ��������� pulpwood)"' $15,500,000;  posts and rails. $9,500,000; cross ties,  ?9.000,000; square . timber exported.  $400,000,- cooperage. $1,900,000; poles,  $700,000; logs exported, .$850,000; tanning material, $'2"2,00; round mining  timbers, $500,000; miscellaneous ex-'  ports, $300,000; miscellaneous products, $10,000,000.  How  tndeadl  The fussy woman was picking over  the. undressed -kid gloves while the  weary clerk answered queries'.' ���������.''..]'���������  "Will these gloves wash," "asked'the  woman.. -       -  "They will, wash in a solution,"-..replied the clerk..  "Are they guaranteecl'not- to shrink,"  she asked; .-     ..::  r;   --.    : ���������.'���������.,\:   ;  "How can you guarantee undressed  'kids' not -to shrink' from washing?"  demanded the clerk. ..."-'.-  Mrs. Patrick Williams Tells How Her  Headache and Weakness Vanished  When She Used the Great Canadian  Kidney Remedy, -Dodd's Kidney  Pills.  St. Sosime. Kent Co., N. B. (Special.)���������"I feel it my duty to tell the  public the great relief fiom headache  and weakness I found in Dodd's Kidney Pills."  This is the message Mrs. Patrick  Williams of this place sends to suffering women all over Canada. Like  many other women she dislikes-talking about her troubles, but- she feels  she would not bo doing right to let  others suffer when she had'learned  from her own experience how great is  the relief and how easy is the cure to  be found   in  Dodd's  Kidney Pills.   '  Nine-tenths of the weakness and suffering women bear so bravely comes  from sick kidneys. Sick or disordered  kidneys fail in their duty of straining  the impurities out of the blood. This  means that those impurities, these  seeds of disease, are carried to all  parts of tho body. The natural cure  is Dodd's Kidney Pills. They always  cure sick kidneys.  Lot 5, P  1   was  cured  of  Rheumatism    by  M13NT.  Mahonc Bay.  cured    of    Bronchitis/    and  bv MINARD'S    LTNIMENT  MRS.   A.   LIVINGSTONE  E. 1.  a  severe attack of  MINARD'S    LINI-  JOHN MADER.  I was cured of a severely sprained  leg by MINARD'S LINIMENT.  JOSHUA  A.   WYNACHT.  Bridgewater.  Rheumatic Pains Go���������Suffering Ceases; Cure Comes  In Even Chronic Cases  For aching bones and sore muscles  nothing will sooth away the pain like  Ncrvilinc.  For nerve-wracking twinges in the  muscles, for torturing backache, or  lumbago, you'll find Nerviline is full  of   amazing   power.  You sec, Nerviline  has the power���������it's  about five times  stronger than ordinary remedies, and  can penetrate very deeply. It contains  juices' and extracts of certain herbs  that give it a strange power to drive  out congestion, inflammation or pain.  You are safe in using Nerviline. Just  rub it on���������it won't blister or burn,'and  can do nothing but good.  ^Whenever there is pain or suffering  Nerviline will go and" drive it out.  It penetrates to every cell of a sora  muscle; it sinks to "the heart of every  stiff- sore joint; it searches out tha  pain  of rheumatism quickly.  Give Nerviline a trial. See how fasl  it will limber your lame back, how  quickly it will cure neuralgic headache,  how fast it will break up a bad cold  or ease a sore throat.  The best family  pain-remedy ever  made is Nervilin>j.  Forty years of groat  success proves this.,  For emergent ills, when the doctbc  isn't handy, there' is nothing better!  than the 60c family size bottle; trial  size 25c, all dealers or the Catarrho-  zono Co., Kingston. Canada.  Captured Their Captors  "Turning the tables" in war times  is a form of surprise not at all, unknown to an army. A good apropos  of the fact comes from Petrograd.  "In the fighting in the region west  of Aschkala the Turks sitrrounded ii  Russian detachment formed of reserve  soldiers. These reservists were taken  into captivity by the Turks, but, preferring a glorious death to shameful  surrender, with their non-commissioned officers at their head, fell upon  the Turkish escort, overcome it, and  forced it, to join their brave regiment!"  Disclaim Connection with Chain-Letter  The Canadian Branch of the Queen  Mary's Needlework Guild wish to disclaim any connection with a chain-  letter which is being circulated in  the name of the Guild by the New  York Branch. Though responsibility  in- no way touches the Canadian  Branch, the ladies here regret that  such a method of obtaining money for  the Queen's Guild has been resorted  to, and that it" has got into this country, as the chain-letter system has  long since been condemned and fallen  into  disfavor.  All mothers can put away anxiety  regarding their suffering children  when they have Mother Graves' Worm  Exterminator to give relief. Its effects  are sure and lasting.  Special constables' in - Britain number "124,(540, of whom. there is" a" daily  average of 10,831 on duty. '  A Sensible  Hammers  Hammers  were originally  fashioned  from   the   model   of   an   outstretched  human arm and fist.  W.  N.  U.  1112 .  &  When the drug, caffeine���������the.  active principIeJn tea and coffee  ���������shows in headache, nervousness, insomnia, biliousness,  jumpy heart, and so on, the  sensible thing to do is to quit  both tea and coffee.  It's easy, haying at hand the  delicious pure food-drink  li. is made from wheat roasted  with a bit of wholesome molasses  and is free from any harmful  substance.  Thousands who prefer to pro-  toot their health, use Posturn  with comfort and delight.  Made in the cup���������instantly���������  with hot water. Convenient,  nourishing,   satisfying.  Improving Butter Prices '  Tho season of 191(5 will likely see  tho largest output of butter Western  Canada has ever yet marketed. C. P.  Marker, dairy commissioner for Alberta, estimates that the make in that  province will" run 9.000,000 pounds  this year as against 7,400,000 pounds  last year, which was a very favorable  season. Saskatchewan is preparing for  a big make, as is Manitoba. In all  three distinct steps have, been made  to further improve the quality of the  creamery product and thereby extend  and consolidate the'market;. It is  said 90 per cent, of the cream-reaching. Alberta creameries this year'will  be pasteurized, which treatment adds  greatly to the keeping qiyality of the  butter, and seems essential for long  shipments.   . . ���������  ' .  Clean Stomach. Clear Mind.���������The  stomach is the workshop of the vital  functions -and when it gets out of  order "the whole-system clogs in syni-  malhy:,' "The spirits flag, the ��������� .mrn'rl  droop's-and work'becomes impossible.  The first cai'e should be to restore  healthful action of the stomach arid  the best preparation for that purpose  is-Parmelee's .Vegetable. Pills: General  use. for."years. has/Von. them a leading  'place' in medicine: : A trial; will attest  their value.     '��������� ;   .���������  , The Bishop of London says the war  'has finished for all time the old character of the London public house. In  any case, the late hours will never be  re-established.  A physician, passing by a stonemason's shop, called out:  "Good morning, Mr. Jones. Hard  at it, 1 see. T suppose you finish them  as far as 'In memory of,' then wait,  to see who wants a monument next?"  "Well, yes," replied the old man,  "unless I hear somebody's ill and  you're attending them, then I keep  right on."  Foggs (in London for the first time)  Hi! policeman, I've just missed  my wife. If she should come along  will you ask her to wait here for me?  Policeman���������But how am I to know  her?  Foggs ��������� Ah, to be sure, hadn't  thought of that. Well, tell her not  to wait.  Aviator vs. Zeppelin  Aircraft Experts Claim Lieut. Bran,  "don's Unique Honor  Flight-Lieut. Brandon, a -New. Zea-  lander in the Royal navy, who has put  in the first claim for having chased,  bombed and brought clown the Zeppelin L-15 in the Thames Estuary standi  to win, if awarded-the prizes offered,  a sum amounting to $10,000. ��������� Sinca  Brandon put in his claim, however,  many gunners and, indeed, whole batteries of the Royal Artillery anti-aircraft experts along the line of flight  of the airship, have put in claims.  Mr. Tennant, - Under-Secretary for  War, informed the House of Commona  that these several claims were being  investigated. ��������� -It was Brandon . who,  single-handed, rose above the Zeppelin, and in the midst of shot and shell,  dropped bomb after bomb and actually saw the monster suddenly descend, as he believed, the victim of hi3  well-directed shots.  "Don't you think a girl should marry  an economical man?".asked Madge.  "Oh, I suppose so," answered Dolly,  "but I tell you it's ' awful being engaged to one."  "13 that boy a chip off the old  block?" 'Why, no. He's only a little  shaver."���������Baltimore American.  ���������     Kitchener of Khartoum  Kitchener was one of the four per*  sorial centres of unity in the not altogether unified   British  Empire.   He  had the    confidence    of  all    British  classes, a confidence unshattered not- 'J  withstanding    the    many    mistakes  yf  Great Britain has made since he cams lA  to the.War Office and practically took  '"  charge   of ^British    war    operations.'  "There  is   only  one  member  of  tha  cabinet," Asquith is quoted-as saying. f\  "When he speaks we others do aB he  [  says."���������New York Globe.  The Result  "His wife made a man. of him."     . fj  "He looks  like a homemade job.*"  -Baltimore American.  u  sa  for  v  Canadian Tostum Cereal Co.. I,td.,  Windsor, Out.  French War' Humor  .. French racing horses' names are  now almost .all, inspired by the war.  The names of favorite generals, Joffre  and French, for instance, are common;  battles in..which the allies came out  on top find favor, such as La Marne;  Tipperary is also in the field; while  names of French cannon "Seventy-  five," '"Hundred and five," Rimailho  are very popular. French love of  irony is seen in such names as Chiffon de Papier (scrap of paper). Finis,  Teutoniee and La Censure.  $100 Reward, $100  The renders of tliis paper will t>e pleased lo  icani that there is at least one dreuded disease  science hus been able to cure in all ita stazes, and  Hint is catarrh. Catarrh being erently influenced by constitutional condition.'; requires constitutional treatment. Hall-* Catarrh Cure Is taken  internally ntiri acts thru the Wood on the Mucous  Surfaces ol the System thereby dc.stroyiuir the  foundation of' the disease, iflvimr the patient  strength by building up Ihc constitution and  assislinz nature in doinc its work. The proprietors have so much faith in the curative  powers of Hall's Catarrh Cute that they offer  One Hundred Dollars for any case that it faits to  cine.   Send for list of testimonials.  Address: P.}. CHUNKY St. CO.. Toledo. Ohio.  Sold by all di'UuifisS, "oc.  ���������5  Stingy Millionaires  Mr. Justice Craig, speaking in Toronto, said that "millionaires . are  giving far less than the men who have  a few thousands, and he knew of one  millionaire who is keeping back good,  healthy sons and giving practically  nothing to any fund, while his neighbor has crippled himself financially  and given five sons' to the Empire  besides." Conscription is needed in  that millionaire's family. It is a fact  not always borne in mind that a poor  man who gives a. dollar often gives  more proportionately than a rich man  who gives a thousand.���������Ottawa Journal.  "1  Said ono of our leading merchants  recently, after reading .the -war news:  "I see Germany it to have a food  dictator. I've been married to one  for some years."  "They'have money, haven't they?"  "I don't know; haven't seen them  for about a year."���������Judge.  "I don't want to miss a single enjoying my meals. '* There did not  dose, because it is doing me so much' seem to be so much to worry me, and  good. My nerves were so bad that I I began to finrl anew.pleasure in life,  could not rest or sleep, and would get It is wonderful the .way the Nervel  up in the morniug feeling tired out.    Food is building up my healfcK and  strength', and since I have been using  it I have found out that many of my;  lady friends nave had a similar experience."  This is the "way women every-,  where are talking about Dr.*Chase's  Nerve Food. Seldom has any treatment ever aroused so much favorable  comment. While natural and gentle  in action, this food cure is wonderfully potent in building up the run-'  down;; system. %1A.s& ^our iriehds  about it and put it to the test .when  in need of restorative treatment.   ���������  'Besides that, I .frequently, had  severe nervous headaches and got so  cross and irritable that every little  noise would set. my nerves on edge.  I did not seem to have any energy or  strength, and. the slightest exertion  ���������would use me up entirely.  ������������������Then a friend told me of the  benefit she obtained from using Dr.  Chase's Nerve Food, and I decided to  give it a trial. It was not long till I  found that I was sleeping better and  50 cents a box, 0 for $2.50, all dealers, or "Kdmaneon, Bate*  & Co., iJimited, Toronto. Do not be talked iaio accepting  a substitute.    Imitations disappoint.  Dr. Cha������8-0 Recipe Book, 1,000 ("elected rgofrast suit fee* if jrou mention this pagpiw ir i im it *T*���ni^ ~lfirr*f ft*1! frf* TT
'""' """' '""'�������*>?���"'���'
.THE      GAZETTE.      HE1)LEY,      B.'.     C.
j Suffer Most Just    j
Before the Battle i
Famous American War Correspondent Writes of Fighting Quality
Of British Troops, and Pays   a Tribute to Organization
And Work of War .Department
  o- ���
���By Frederick Palmer in Collier's)
Of (ourse theie are some people
who think that anybody who says a
good word for the English must be
what Mh Known fis an Anglo-maniac
who uses bioad a's, speaks of "dear
old Lunnttn" as they do on the vaudeville stage, and holds his breath in
awe at the mention of a duke. I
come of blood which has fought the
Biiiish twice and would again for the
right cause.' My ideas of how the
British fight; and the part they have
played in this war were formed not
Kn tlie company of dukes or in dear
Isld Lunnun from the gossip of. the
���Strand, but at the British front. I
think Hint the British aie entitled to
|tfiir play and to be judged by what
they have done rather than by the
|wn.v thoy talk.    '
Then in  two  months - the    British
I-sad - lost more   killed   and    wounded
���bun   their    original    foice;   in    six
months, more than the total of their
stf-nding   army.      They   had   lacked
���machine guns an'l guns of heavy caU
libro: so had the French.     The'Eng-
|li.sh  had not only'to train men  who
iad  never shouldered  a rifle,' but to
|��qnip thorn.-' "Russia and France, too,
'Jif-ked sufficient uniforms at the outfit  of the   war  for    all   the    soldiers
;hoyhad.   From the Belgian'and Serbian and the "Russian army came the
I pall   to  manufacturing   England    for
arms aud'uniforms.   England was the
mint, the foundry, the workshop which
mu"t be a bottomless souica of supply
���while every demand of Jellicoa's had
(io be met. She plodded on sturdily,
if not .brilliantly, criticizing no one
but herself.
Though , the   British   had   supposed
that their part was to command the
tiea,   three   million   volunteered    to
(<-ioss the Channel or go farther ovcr-
coas-and fight.      This  is  a different
thing  from  volunteering  to   fight  in
your own country against an invader.
.Mind,   these,   three million    did hot
have to be ordered to fight. They went
of their own    free  will,"   carpenters,
funnels, costermongers.  doctors, .law-
yets,  millionaires  and  laborers,  with
every able bodied man of Oxford and
fl'ambridge and other universities and
jgreat public schools offering himself.
'"History   has   afforded   nothing   finer
jlhan this outpouring,  and never was
inhere  an  effort  more "depreciated "by
11 hose who made it.
'���""br the lack of guns the British in
3''ranee had  to  fight  with flesh _ and
"j'Thlood    against    superior     arfill'tjry���
i'llesh and blood against machine kill-
f. ing.     Prance   needed   help;   England
gave all she had to give���the lives of
In r men. ,
Ry One reason they had to hold a short I
1 .line was for many months they had
to do it with flesh and blood, without adequate guns or adequate shells
for the guns, though they have the
jiholls now and are getting the guns.
Another reason was. that they held the
famous Ypres salient, one" of the blood-
I), jest parts of the line.
;      It you don't think so. ask any, Ger-
' man who has fought there.      Again,
jvfter_ this  \vvr,  don't make   the mistake" of depreciating  the  British  sol-
��". ��lior to a German soldier.    The highest praise you can hear for  the British nrm\  is from Germans.
The English talk of "muddling."
but il seems to me that they do very
much Ipss muddling than thoy adver-
1,1 -life. Th--> error so highly criticized
Jit I oos wnsmiade by the German staff
{ only a few d.-iys later. In fact, the
' Germans have h.->en guilty o* it sev-
,'. entl time,-, but t'ic\ say nothing and
{.(. on. T'n-lin is silent while tongues
j wag in London. -
*'.  :	
I   Germany a Pack of Cards
\   Tickets.-Have  to   be   Produced  to  Ob-
\ tain the   Necessaries of  Life   -
I The development of organization for
% \\v. maintenance of the Germans in
| food, clothing, and drink is assuming
\ interesting and humorous proportions.
' In Dussoldorf, for instance, a housewife has to range her '"store cards on
.'-her cabinet shelf with great care.
When her man-returns from his
' day's work���presuming that lie is not
*it the front���she has to. ''take' down
the yellow card. That stands for
beer, and no worthy German would
flunk of taking his evening meal
without a ���schooner, of laager. When
sugar runs out, a white card entitles
her to a legally-fixed supply from' the
grocer, which means a trip for that
.���iloiie very o'fen. sugar being doled
out very sparingly. A brown ticket
procures bread, or to "be correct, a
mixture of baked rye, starch, ��� potato
hash, and. kindred ingi.-Qdients.. lied
fiek<;ls stand for. petrol. The latest
ticket, however, has'exasperated the I.
Gorman "frau" to breaking point, in'
fact one brave wonum said, when the
police promulgated the new order that
in future clothing would only be doled
out on the production of a, legal .dossier, Yi'vy angrily, "This country will
soon be a puck of cards." if, is not, for
us' (o say what Germany will be in
the ftitu.ro, but there is enough evidence, to suggest that her pretensions
at least look like falling to pieces
.���liter the fashion of the proverbial
house of cards.
Losses of Pigs
Valuable     Information   on   the     Care
and   Handling of  Pigs
A severe winter is usually followed
by reports of - heavy losses of young
pigs. This year is no exception to the
rule. Mr. W. !���'...Stevens, .'Provincial
Live Stock Commissioner for Alberta,
has visited.a number of farms from
which reports of this kind have come.
Although he docs not claim to have
discovered the precise cause in every
instance, he. does not hesitate to
classify the causes, in""the- majority
of cases, under the following headings:
Farrowed in February.���The losses
among pigs,farrowed in February arc,
as a rule, heavy. In seasons when
the weather is as cold as it-was during last February the losses are particularly heavy. This fact alone would
account for many deaths.
Little Light and Less Ventilation
in Pens.���Animals confined- within
poorly lighted and ill /ventilated housings cannot thrive, and young animals cannot develop strength nor
resist disease in such places. Pneumonia doubtless "caused most,.of the*
deaths among the parly farrowed animals that were thus cared for.
Feeding the clam too heavily after
was relatively cheaper than oats last
winter, and many farmers yielded to
fhe temptation to feed it" to their
brood sews. Barley develops fat but
not bone and muscle. Bone and
muscle, but not faf. are what the
young animal requires in order-, to
enable it to avoitl danger and keep
from being laid on and suffocated in
the nest.
Feeding the.dam to heavily after
fai rowing.���The. swine grower who
likes to feed liberally is usually a
heavy loser froni '.'thumps." Feeding
the sow heavily on heating'foods, par-
ticulaily barley, wheat, rye,'or spelts,
and keeping her confined in a pen is
likely to result in "thumps" among
the young pigs. Turn the sow out.
feed a thin.slop of ground oats, and'
provide succulent feed . or roots or
green forage of some kind.
Sows had frozen teats.���Some swine
growers wont to the opposite extreme.
They fed their sows out of doors during the coldest of \veather. In many
cases' they had, to wade through snowdrifts when going from - the nesting
place to the feeding ground.- - The
result was that some of them'froze
their teats and worn theiefore unable
to suckle their young, which died of
Swine growers who have suffered
losses of young*pigs should write to
the Department of Agriculture. Edmonton, and ask for a copy of live
stock pamphlet entitled "Preparing
for the Pig Crop." also paniDhlet entitled  "The Suckling Period."
Wireless Danger Signals for Trains
A curious invention is being shown
at tho 1916. exhibition of the National
Railway, Appliance. Association in Chicago for controlling trains by wireless.
Danger signals are flashed to the
train by" a touch on a key. The wireless, worked in connection with an
.automatic speed control, applies.the
air hakes automatics.Jy, whether the
engineer sees the signal or not, and
rod noes the speed, to the desired maximum.
The word "clove." is from the Latin
\"elnvu9." meaning n. nail, cloves being
like  nails in appearance.
Less Acreage Sown
The   Dominion   Government   Estimate
of  Land  in  Wheat  Less Than
Last    Year
A bulletin issued by the census and
statistics office gives the usual preliminary estimate of the areas sown
to grain crops and the condition of
those crops as reported by correspondents on May 31. The reports
show that the spring this year is
late, and that heavy rains throughout
the Dominion have in many places
made it difficult to work tlie land.
In Eastern Canada seeding at the end
oi May was considerably behind hand.
"According to the preliminary estimates of correspondents, made in
many instances before the completion
of seeding, wheat in Canada this year
���will occupy a total area of 11,491.600
acres. This is 1,494,800/ acres, or J1.5
per cant., below the high record of
last year, when 12,986.4(10 acres were
harvested, but J,197.*00 acres, or ll.G
per cent., above the harvested area
of 1914, which wi>s 10.293,900 acres.
The area to be harvested of fall wheat
for 1916 is 1,042.200 acres, leaving fhe
area estimated to be sown fo spring
wheat as 10,449.400 acres. Tu the three
noi thwest provinces the area sown to
wheat is estimated at 10,471.200 acres,
as compaied with 11.744,700 acres, tho
area of*915. and with 9,335,400 acres,
tlie harvested wheat area in the northwest provinces for 1914. Tn Manitoba
the area sown to wheat for 3970 is
placed at 2,904,400 acres, as compared
with" 3,342,900 acres last year; in Saskatchewan it is 5,880,100. acres, as
against'6,838.100 acres, and in Alberta
J,677,700 acres, as against 1,563,700
acres.    .
It is estimated that the area devoted to Oats for 1916 is 10,499,500
ucres, as compared with 11,365.000
acres in 1915. This is a diminuafion
of 805,500 acres, or 7.6 per cent., as
compared . with last year,- but an increase of 438,000 acres or 4.3 per cent.,
as compared with 10,OCT.500 acres, the
area harvested in-1914.. The area sown
'to. barley is estimated - nt 1,317.500
acres, as against 1,509,350 acres a year
ago, the areas sown to other grain
crops being as follows:
Rye. 109,000 ' acres against 112.300
acres; peas, 139,200 acres against 106,-
210 acres; mixed grains, 395,000 acres
against 460,800 acres. The acreage
under .hay and clover is reported as
7,963,000 as against 7,975,000 last year,
an increase of 88,000 acres; and under
alfalfa the acreage is 88,700 as against
92,600 last venr.'    ���'���'
Mixture   of  Fear,   Doubt  and   Expectancy Proves Unnerving to Many
The following ml meeting aiticle,
giving physohoJocric.il study of a bat-
I tie, was wi itten by a Gorman school
teacher, who since has been killed
oiuthe west fionf The .uticle. which
appeals in the Gonn.in papeis, has
caused considerable comment-
"To describe the sensations, the
emotions and the m'n .most feelings
of the soul of a ^oldioi in bailie is an
unusually mfciesfing but diificult
task While fhe battle is iaging .i
soldiei is besot and ac,i fated bv "thousands of thought'- that fhch like lightning thiough his brain, but it is onlv
during the '.remarkable calm " that
comes after a battle that he is enabled
to analyze fhem. As I have participated in thirty-six engagements' and
battles, both on tho. eastern and western fronts, 1 have been in a position
to make many observations and have
made a study of fhe .-oul of the soldier. It is a' great subject for the
pbyschologist and one that opens a
mine, of valuable information.
'"The troops receive orders at night
to prepare for a charge the next morning. The first thought is, is this real?
Somehow, it, seems like a dream. It
is the'same thought that stirs the soul
in any great event in life, be it one
of joy. or one of sorrow. It does not
seem real.
' "However, when the soldier does'
realize that it is no nightmare, ho begins to think of the likelihood of death
claiming him in that battle." A strange,
indescribable fear bcginls to agitate
the soul." The awful 1 bought pesters
hini that he will go to his death and
leave home and loved ones and everything that is dear in a. moment of
lime He-ponders over the subject of
immortality and wonders if death
comes whether it will mean eternal
darkness and annihilation.
"To one who is in the prime of life,
who has everything to live for/ hell
iiself cannot offer torture to equal the
terrorizing doubts that assail the soul
in those dreadful moments before a
battle. '    ' -
"Then, too, the thoughts come that
we have not made the most of life;
that there is so much which we would
still like to do; that if only given the
opportunity how different we would
shape our life in the future.-
"All night long the troops move to
the front, and all"night long-wc think
of God and the uncertainty lhat lies
directly before us.    .
"Morning comes. Tt is a most beautiful morning; the sun shining'warm
and bright. The notes of a German
song are -wafted on the still air. It
is a song' of the Fatherland and all
join in the choius. It is then that
we forget all our doubls and fears.
A new life seems to be born within
us. All fear has vanished and we are
ready to go down to the gates of death
" "And then the battle. The- builets
began to whistle. In those fiist moments every soldier naturally looks
for some sheltered place for protection. Nevertheless, the soul is remarkably calm. Though comrades are falling on all sides we never for a moment think of being hit by a bullet
ourselves. "We keep on running, running toward the enemy. All feeling,
all thought, all emotion, all sensation
is obliterated. In the crash and,thunder of artillery we go on, fearing nothing. Occasionally we hear a voice uttering a cmse or a threat, due to hate
against the enemv, born anew in the
thick of battle. That feeling of hate
becomes uppermost. "We aro seized
"with -a frenzy of rage, and our one
thought is to meet the enemy face to
face and annihilate him. As this
hate is mingled with" a coitain feeling
of patriotism and love for the Fatherland, the lust of battle is developed
in such a mnnncr as to quiet our
neives and forget all about danger and
"The battle has been fought and
won. The soul experiences an indescribable peace, but when we begin to
see our broken ranks and make'ebunt
of our fallen comrades painful sensations follbw/. Then only do we'realize
what danger wo so callously faced,
and a wave of thoughtfulness warms
our blood and body.
"The feelings and sensations on
emerging frotn a battle are like those
of convalescence from a serious illness. The tired soul longs for peace-
and rest, and the soldier falls into a
deep, sound, dreamless sloop, in which
all the fear and stress and "storm of.the
time are forgotten."
to Late
Earl Kitchener
Is  Praised  for  His Great Work  as  an
Empire   Builder
^ At a New Yoi k thoalie the other
nay the film Bntain Piepared" was
being shown rJ he face oi the late
Latl "hiiJi'Mici w.i-,.flashed on the
scieon. The oichcstia began the
strains of 'Neaioi, "Mv God, fo Thee. '
J he audience ioso. m uftci silence
anci stood while the \ei^e was plavetl.
\ tubule, such .'s tluf, completely
Fpontanoous, by people of anothei
nation is rema-knble Jf is evidence
that his pi-isonolity left ,i maik upon
the woild.
Dr. Karl Liebknecht, the Socialist Leader, Says the People" are,
Ordered   to   Keep   Their   Mouths   Shut,   Despite   the
Hunger and   Sufferings  They  are Enduring
Canucks Receive 39,000
Parcels From Home
A Gardenor Peer
Lord Redesdale, whoso memoirs jjre
arousing so much attention in Britain,
is one of the greatest living authorities on horticulture. He is responsible
for tlie present design of the gardens'
at, Buckingham Palace, which work
he-took up at the special request-of
"King Edward.
What's in a Name
Berlin is one of the thriving towns
of the Province of Ontario, Canada,
and a largo, proportion of its citizens
are of German descent. The war fever
seems to have affected fhe minds of
the people of.'that Province and they
purpose to call Berlin by some other
name. Berlin seonis to be loyal
enough and the. rest of the country
should let it alone. : If the. entente
allies should reach Berlin' on the
Spree and march down Unter don Linden every town and city in' Canada
would envy the possession of the name
Berlin. All over Canada are towns
and townships bearing names .that
commemorate British victories, such
as Sweaburg, .Alma. Blenheim. Waterloo, etc.. not f;ir from Berlin, Ontario.
Berlin should hold onto ifs name until the end of the war. It might bo
popular then.���New 'York Commercial.
The Expensive Married Man
One of. the most difficult points for
the government is to balance tho value
of a married man .recruit against his
value as a taxpayer. Every married
recruit means, in addition to his upkeep by the Stale, an allowance for
his family and relief at government
expense to moot his rent, insurance
and other liabilities, and at the same
time a direct diminution of the national revenue by the amount of his
income tax, apart from his other contributions to the labor and , wealth of
the country.���London Daily Mail.
H is notKoabl", in all the Ameuean
(nbutos p.ud to Kitchonoi, by Theodore Roosevelt, Gen. Leonard Wood
former Ambassador Choate. and many
others, that it was Kitchener's "work
in Empire-building lhat chiefly torn-,
manclod their admiration. Kitchener's
share of the "white man's burden" in
^'gypt, Africa and India is the outstanding note in their tributes.
Another notable tribute was paid
Kitchener in Hie parliament of United
Soufh Africa, whore the members
stood in silence while Premier Botha",
in a few-words expressing great admiration and respect for the man who, a
few years ago was the leader of the
British armies in tho conquest o*
South Africa,'moved the adjournment
of the House. It will be remembered
that immediately - after peace was
signed at Pretoria,. Kitchener sent p.
lhessnge to tiie Boers .expressing his'
admiration for their gallantry am?
bravery in .the-long war.
The Chicago-Daily News, in an appreciative article, on the "day of his
death, recalled an interview Kitchener gave while in.Chicago some years
ago. In this Kitchener expressed fhe
view fhat tho want of food and .the
necessity of importing it" was the
chief factor in making war: The nation which had not sufficient supplies
of food of its own,- he pointed out.
was continually gazing with ,envious
eyes upon the nations which had. As
a lover of peace, he said, he had
noticed with great'pleasure the vast
fields of grain in the middle west, and
took-equal pleasure from "the fact that
across the boundary, in Canada, there,'|"
were possibilities of equally great
production of foodstuffs.
Roosevelt's tribute is worth quoting:
"Six years ago I passed through
the Soudan and was more deeply impressed than I can well express by
fhe extraordinary benefits secured to
the natives of the country by Lord
Kitchener's conquest "and the administration' of himself and of his lieuten
ant. and successor. Gen.. Wingate.   -
"He rescued it from a condition of
chronic slaughter nnd rapifie. under
.which the -population diminished by
considerably more than half, and of
the younger children oyer nine-tenths
died of disease or starvation. The
.result of the*,conqucst was to establish
absolute peace and justice under tho
orderly  reign  of law.
"Industry flourished amazingly,
slavery and the oppression of weaker
tribes were completi ly -abolished;
schools were, established eveiywhere
and the Soudan entered upon a"career
of peace, prospeiilj- and justice, which
it has never before known in its
history."���Regina   Province.
Canadian  Red> Cross  Has  Been  Working Hard to Comfort Men
Nearly 49,000 parcels have been sent
lo date by the Canadian Red Cross
to sick and' wounded Canadian soldiers in the various hospitals. The
contents oi the parcels were not chosen
at Kindom, but were accoiding to each
man's request.
A recent list includes newspapers
foilel articles, mirrors, pipes, tobacco,
socks, soft boots, canvas shoes, pens,
books, sweaters, khaki shirts, underwear, flowers, mouth organs, playing
cards and candies.
"Comfort bags," as these parcels
have become known, have achieved
such fame among the soldiers as fo
cause some times an embarrassing demand. Most of the articles thus sent
out come in generous measure ' from
the Red Cross branches in Canada.
Others are purchased with -.money
which comes here as thanks .olfering
or marked especially to-be'devoted to
piovision of comforts. . This takes no
account of the huge numbers of news-*
papers sent to Canadian troops, which
are forwarded with unstinted liberality from all parts of Canada. There it
just- now, however, a> shortage ot
papers from Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Kingston.
A protest-has-just come in t from
some men against a present of chevying gum which, they found, although
it came from Canada; had been made
in Germany. The recipients got rid
of it and now sigh'for the real Canadian article.
Publishers and Prices
The , Australian Premier
The indomitable Labor prime minister of Australia has certain qualities
which are rare in British public life.
He has courage; he has firmness, he
has eloquence. He is not blessed with
obsolete formulas; he does not live in
the frigid artificialities, of the House
of Commons: he knows his own mind
and he is not a moral mo 11 use of a
political limpet. His deeds and his
speeches have touched the people of
this country by their force and splendour. They have shown him to be as
much in earnest as our ministti-s arp
faint-hearted and as simple as they
are pompous and long-winded. He
always speaks straight to the heart.
He does not put off till tomorrow what
should be done today, and earlier in
this war he set a great example to the
home government by shattering the
influence of Germany in Australia.���
London Daily Mail.
"Going to Smith's wedding?"
his frieruj,
"Not  I,"   returned   the. other
cut inc. out with that girl."
"-Well,'you may get fi "eJia'nce fo biff
him in the jaw with an old shoe!"
��� > Fire Escape for Horses
A large packing concern across the
border has installed an automatic
means for opening the doors of its
hcise stabiu which allows the horses
to -escape.-'at. any time of the day or
night if there is danger of fire. The
.device is operated in much the same
manner as an automatic sprinkler.
When the temperature in the stables-
rises to a certain point a weight is
icleased which falls on a lover that
in turn releases all the doors simultaneously. At the same instant certain noises "-arc made mechanically
which frighten the horses from their
places. The releasing lever is occasionally operated by. hand 'to give the
horses a fire '.drill. Each horse soon
learns to trot .-from its stall when the
door opens and  the alarm sounds.
"High buildings sir," remarked an
American, contemptuously. "Why, in
England x��u don't know .what height
is! Last time I was in New York it
was a blazing hot day and I saw a
man coming out of a lift wrapped
from top fo toe in bearskins and I said
to him:
" 'Why are you muffled up on a
broiling hot day like this?"
���'' 'Waal.' said he. 'you see T live at
the top of the. building and it's so high
that it's covered with snow .-ill the
year round !' "
Cost  of  Paper  and   'Material     Makes
Higher   Prices   Necessary
-Ahhough everyone is ready to admit that the cost of living has materially increased during the last fifteen
or twenty years, ' some 'publishers
complain that many of their subscribers cannot understand 'why rates
should be increased-and business men
are asking why prices of job work
should be advanced.
The present critic.il condition in the
paper market and the increase in the
price of ink and practically all kinds
of-printing" material due to fhe war
in Europe.is cutting .heavily into the
profits .of publishers. - and higher
prices must be' secured if they would
make ends meet. -
One "day last week 'a man came to
open up a subscription. When he
found the price to be $1.50 he said,
"I have never paid more, than a dollar, and if you won't, fake fhat yon
can-go without." We did. About the
same time a business man called to
order printing stationery. He was
told that increased prices of paper
would make the' difference of about
ten per cent. "Don't want, it," he
said, "ironically, "that is a pure holdup." He had to have the paper, and
paid over a dollar extra to get it from
a pi inter mail order house. The first
of the week we ordered a special color
of ink that last fall was priced at
$3.00 a pound. It, costs us now" .$4.50
a pound. We bought a lot of special
enamel paper this week that a month
ago cost $7.50 per hundred pounds.
Now  wo    pay    $10.00    per    hundred
The speech of Dr.  Kail Liebnechf,
Gennan   Socialist    leadei,     made   in   , '
Berlin on May 1, in  which he made
a   seveie   attack  on   the government, ���..
led   to   his   an est,   a   despatch   said.   ,
Di. Loibneoht i.s to be; tned by couit-
martial for high  treason. ' "",' '
A copy of the speech, 'jnc��"nsorec*, ���"
reached New York by mail znd is in '���
part  as follows: ;,
"Some  years  ago  a  witty  Socialist  \
has observed that in Prussia we Ger-     *
mans have three great rights, which
are:   We can be'soldiers, we can pay
faxes,  and we can. keep ,our mouths
shut.    In these days this observation
is .too  true.    Today  we  are -sharing
these three great Prussian State pri- -.
vileges in  full.'   Every  German  citi- '. -
zen   is  given   the   full, privilege    to
carry a rifle in any manner. Even the
Boy  Scout  has-been  incited. to  play
the   ridiculous  role  of   soldier:. They ."- * -
have  thus planted the .sou-it .'of hafe'-   -
deep in his youthful soul.-Meanwhile',*
the old Landsturmer.ls forced to .per-;-"-. -
form   forced   labor .'in,-invaded   coiih-^v '
rtries, in .spite, of", the-, fact ."that under L;;.
the lawsr'of the imperial .constitution,,-'-
he cannot.be called out-for* any other, ;]y
purpose th an - for the." ..defence,_ pfrs'the ^ ,v":
fatherland.  ''"       " ', "V ','"' t"^'-. .
"As for the second privilege-rf-the .;
right--to' pay taxes���in this respect'*'
the German citizen is, up to theVpres-v1.:'
ent time, far ahead of his brothers''"!
in foreign lands "whom he is engaged, ������,;
in exterminating. -And yet1 "more -';
privileges "of ��� this kind are" awaiting "":
him in the days, to- coine^after - the" *���.'
end of the . war. - - The high' taxes ' \
which the German' people, 'have' so '"��� ���
far paid are'insigmfieant compared.-, ���
to the great burdens'-wh'ich he must
carry,-alter the war,'.'and for which,''
his .masters are daily' preparing' him"-'"?
with such touching delicacy of -patri-- >?"
o'lie sentiment thrbugh-the'medium of J-j
the official press. -'' '_-       , '    ';',  "���
"The   new   Germany ' has.-the   un-"-,''
questionable   right ,to   maul -t halten'.-"i -
(Holding- his   tongue)..   Recently   our..i '
official press has" been flooded by. au-'""
thoiitative and pharaisaie exhortations--
fo soldiers' wives"'* that'they niust,-for.-V'
God's   sake,   not -complain'- so" -much.' ,V    ���
about the scarcity-of food.- "Keep your- "
mouth shut tight when hungry, keep;
your mouth shut when'yo"ur7 children     ' ���
are hungry,  keep youri 'mouth  shut
when your children want milk, keep
your mouth shut when your children
cry for bread, keep your mouth shut,
and write no letters "to*the front."
; "Outside of Germany these remarks   v
might "sound   like   the   stock   phrases  "
of   ii   professional   agitator,   but   not
so .in  Germany, at least not in these
days.    I  carefully   watched   for    the
effect of .these remarks all about me,
and 1 saw no pair of dry eyes.
"One is reminded of the "fact that
our police are weighing the bread,
that the butter is out of the market,
that fat, meat and margarine have
reached a price that is' beyond the
probable   ieach   of   the   workingman!
"If hei children's stomachs are
empty it is hard for the wife not to
mention the fact, to her far-away
soldier husband that it is hard - fo
provide her children with food while
he is offering his life for his country.
But it is not found possible for your
masters to prevail upon you to 'keep,
your mouths shut.' then they resort' -
to a more practical means. They have '
a very simple means of stopping these
annoying complaints. The Prussian
censor is now supervising these letters of wives at home to their hus-
t the front. They" simply do
not allow this objectionable correspondence to go through. Poor and
unfortunate Gorman soldier! He deserves pity.
"Everyone must keep his or her
mouth shut, for tho. war profiteers
must make money out of the want
and   misorv   of   the   wives   and   their
&-""".":? w.'.-'i%"'
we    pay    $10.00    pei
pounds.    Letter paper, envelopes and ! baVids
printer's   stock   have   increased   from | ������+   ���
twenty to thiity-five per cent.    Prices
on  nearly   everything   has  increased,
and   no   one    questions   the     higher
piice made by the merchant, the lawyer, the doctor, and the. Ignoring man.
But  the   fact   that  the   pi inter   of   a
newspaper   asks   twenty-five   cents   a
year more, or ten per cent, advance in; [,������u,���,i  _���i,k * .i     *      *
woik in which  the material  alone.is ? ,u*hband sold,e,s 'lt tho fl0,lt'
increased    one-fhiid   or    one-half,   is
called a "holdUp."
Unless you can make a fair profit
on your work, why Wear out your
machinery and material besides tiring
yourself? Spring is hero, and the
fishing will soon" be good. Let the
other fellow, take the work if there is
no' money fo be. made, for sooner or
later he ' will be out of: fhe field of
competition unless ho .-.cos the en or
of his ways.���Exchange.
Tommy had returned from a. birthday'party, his round face wreathed in
smiles. "I hope. Tommy," said his
mother, "that you were' polite, and
remembered your 'Yes, please,' and
No, thank you.' when ��� things were
passed to you."
"I remembered 'Yes. please,' " replied the boy" cheerfully, "but'didn't
have to say 'i\o, thank you,' mother,
beciuise I_J,ook everything every tJmfi
it .was 'pasSiJcj.���*���'���
Air We Breathe.
Two  thousand  gallons  of   air  is  a
grownup person's aliowanee for twenty-four hours.
Great:   Prosperity   In   Archangel
Advices received from Archangel foil
of  the greatest   piosperty  in   the  history of that Russian city.
Since the beginning of the war extensive improvements have been made in
the harbor and on this work hundreds
of workmen wore employed. The piers
are congested with freight���ammunition supplies', food supplies, building
material, lumber, etc.. and every available able bodied mail has been employed to handle it.
From -40,000 inhabitants which the
city had" a year ago, there now are
over a hundred thousand. The coffee
houses, concert halls, ro.sf.-uirants and
hotels are crowded from morning'until, night, and everywhere there is a-
thriving business. The groat question
now agitating the city is .where to get,
men to do alb tho work. For .'unskilled
workingmon ton rubles a day are offered and for skilled workingmon twenty
rubles a day. On the other hand, food
prices have increased beyond the. record mark- Voi' a considerable time
the inliabiti-rits lived on fish entirely,
and broad, sugar and coffee wore dispensed  with.
Charity   or  Charity   Mantles?
The lady was making comments on
clothing worn by some other Indies
at church'
"Tho finest garment a woman can
wear," said her husband, "is tlie
mantle of charity."
"Yes," she snapped, "and it is the
only dross that some husbands want
their wives to wear, judging by the
fuss thoy make over the bills."
"By a lie the German workingman
was forced into tho war, and by like
lies they expect to induce him to go
on with the war!"
Dr. Liebnecht had scarcely fin'shed
this last sentence when as if by magic
a sudden excitement broke out. Ne:ir
fhe spot whore the doctor and his
friends had boon standing the crowds
surged back and forth. The great
multitude in the palace grounds had
the appearance of an immense sea
whose surface was every inch covered
with human ears, those of men and
Several hundred thousand panic-
stricken souls are rushing toward
fhe streets and avenue.-" thai lead fo
the palace- grounds.'.'������The scene is
frightful. Everyone, .''is shouting.
Numberless mounted ��� soldiers with
largo black whips ��� in ���..their hands
' lashed tho crowds.    Many wore killed."
The Colonel's  Biblical  Reason
Colonel Roosevelt said in a -recent
interview' in Oyster Bay:       ..' ���
"Tho best way to avoid war is to
be ready for war. Not the too-proud-
lo-fight. but the unafi'aid-fo-fight is
flic man who gels niung without being
" 'Can you foil mo the reason why
Daniel wasn't oaten by the lions?" a
preacher oneo-anked  his little son.
"'No, sir. Why was if?' said; the
" 'Because.' explained the preacher,
"the most of him was backbone, and
the. rest was ��rit.' "
How  They Will  Go .'.
At a luncheon of prominent muni*
tion manufacturers one of the. men
announced that his company had just
closed a contract for 5,000,000 shells
fo be delivered in Germany.. The
others wore somewhat startled at
such a statement,' and somebody immediately asked:
"'How arc you going to got thorn
in!""' ">-,'.'
"The French are going to shoot
fhem in," was the answer.���London
R8K93N!Kn&Q1 THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  ANC  IT IS really difficult to find enough  adjectives to express the beauty of  summer wraps. However, the term elegant embraces a large number of them  and tells in a nutshell how wonderful the  wraps are. In this day of variety and attention to personal requirements every  woman should have a becoming evening  wrap for the summer dance or other festivity formal enough to be held after the sunset hour. While it may not be possible to  spend exorbitant sums on the wraps, it is  quite possible for the clever sewer to make  very stunning ones at home.  In the model showing the use of quaint  ribbon quilling there is a "skillful introduction of a Watteau pleat at the back.   It  r  falls in a straight line from beneath the  capelike yoke, which is an essential feature  of the garment. The robins-egg-blue  satin is the material used for the wrap. The  same color is introduced cm the hat, which  is quaintly gray. .  Have you ever been Impressed with  the rich effect gained by stitching? Here  you see its effectiveness carried but in a  purple stitched band gracing an apricot-  colored taffeta wrap.   The stitched design  forms bands for the cuffs as well as a trim-  niing for the back. Notice how cleverly  the sleeves have been cut to form shoulder  capes ?  ,The model showing a wise use of satin  and chiffon bands should instill a desire in  the economic woman's heart to set to and  make one just like it The chiffon and satin  are old rose in color and are subdued by  the appearance of a deep chinchilla collar.  Wide ribbon might be substituted for the.  satin bands, if one desires.  Recalling days of long ago is a  sumptuous wrap of lavender. The upper  part of the coat and the sleeves are of taffeta. The rest is chiffon. The rows and  rows of quilled and fringed taffeta give the  garment an old-fashioned aspect.  Marabou is claiming a great deal of  attention this season, so one cannot gather  together a number of stunning wraps with-  c  out including one trimmed with marabou. It  is very artistically used in a brown shade  on a coat of old-gold faille. The soft feathery trimming forms a comfortable cape collar, and in band, effect gives a billowy  finish to the bottom of the garment.  &��������� Any woman should look charming in  one of these splendid affairs."  /fates <3%zct  ^7 /?42/f(f<9U .*^t1TM.^iX-.*.l>^W^fi>;\v*:..U.*.V'
OT^Jj^W^>iCT^irmmtT'1T '-fl''''.""'
THE      GAZETTE,      KEDLEY,      B.      C.
Facing Famine
,A   Terrible   Dread   Now   Hangs   Over
the City
-���Horses for the War
Nearly 750,000 Horses Sent to Europe
From  the  United States
G. E.' Wentworth, Cook Co., 111.,
"j writing to the Breeder's Gazette, Chicago, makes some very interesting
statements regarding shipments of
horses for military purposes from the
other side of the line. He states
Nearly   750,000   horses   and   mules
city.      Bread    is distributed    oh the
ticket  system,   but,  owing to  the  arrival of refugees consequent upon the
Il progress     of   the   Russians,     the   re-
i sources of the city are put to an extra-
' ordinary strain.    In  the scramble  to
obtain   tickets   the   Christians   suffer
insult   and   brutal    assault.      Deaths
K from, starvation   are   becoming   more
'i &nd more frequent.
i    Business  is  practically  at  a  standstill.       Prices   are   mounting   higher
each  week.    Tea  is  now  sold  at  40
jcents a cup.   The bread obtainable in
shops is almost uneatable. Ships that
.were on the' way from Black Sea ports
"with provisions have been sunk by the
Tftussian fleet, and  this has added to
Rthe horror of the general situation.
Roumania's action in  stopping the
leparlure  of  grain   ships  to   Turkish
Doi ts,  on   the ground  of the  fear  of
hndangering her contract with    Great
[[Britain,' hasi  'accentuated   the   bitterness' of the  people  against the Government, and-it is said that in every
*>ther house an enemy of Enver Pasha
m'rks to put an end to his life.
'   Germans have ceased to be so generous with their money .   They spend
less in restaurants and, tobacco shops,
and an increasing number of officers
are   known   to   have   discarded" their
uniforms  and   adopted   the  fez  so  as
io avoid interruptions of unsympathetic people while they are on parade.
k   Gold   is   virtually   confined   to   the
I.Danking fraternity. Silver is scarce.
"Many of the Christians have been
forced to surrender whatever money
they, possessed under pain of being
reported to the authorities as British
or French. Appeals to the police or
,to the law are useless. A. terrible
dread hangs over.the city.
A more agonizing weapon than the
guns of Russians threatens to compel
Constantinople to open negotiations
with her slueth enemy neanng the
ancient city of Bagdad. ��eiuiy   /ou.uuu   norses   and   mules
Misery, terrorism, and denunciation have been purchased in the United
prevail to an alarming extent in the States for foreign account since Sept.
City.        Bread     is  di<?trihntp<"     mi   thp    i     imj    *"m -1      it c
1, 1914. While the number is but a
small percentage of America's horse
and mule stock, the business has
nevertheless been a tremendous one.
Twenty-two horses make up an average freight or express load. That
means that 34,000 carloads have been
shipped from the country to the coast,
taking no account of short local shipments. These horses have travelled
no less than an average of 1,000 miles
each. The 34,000 cars earned for the
railroad and express companies $5,-
Anarchists for France
War to   End War is Hope of Strange
Germany not only made the Apaches
disappear from Paris; she also transformed all anarchists into patriotic
frenchmen. As a matter of fact, practically every known anarchist turned
patriot not unwillingly, but with the
greatest enthusiasm. A Paris paper
began to investigate what had become
of the anarchist leaders and found that
with the exception of those too old
to be accepted even as volunteers,
they  were  all  in the  trenches.
One of them, iormerly a professor
and a champion of the most Violent
anarchistic doctrines, wrote the following letter from a trench in the Ar-
gonne, in which he has won promotion
for himself by exceptional bravery:
"There have been moments when 1
have asked myself why am I here,
and-I have answered: First, because
1 had to go; but, later on, because I
realized that it was my duty, and now
nothing but death or victory will make
"It was a lucky horse that voyaged I ���e fluit-   * have won promotion and
rom farm to steamboat in less than I r,* wno a ye&T a���� would have despised
from farm to steamboat in less than
\o days. Six million dollars for feed
in stables, markets, stockyards and
concentration camps, is a low estimate
of the cost. Turned out in pens such
as are used at our Chicago stockyards,
the horses would require for comfortable housing'37,500, pens. With the
necessary alleys, feed barns, hay sheds
and railroad facilities,, these pens
would cover a ground floor area a
mile in width by two miles in length
J,���-a space twice as large .as the Union
' Mock Yards of Chicago, which'accom-
modates   506,000  animals   of  different
,. . ,\
"Placed side by side in one long
row of comfortable single stalls the
war horses would ' stretch from Chicago's city limits to Grand' Island,
Neb. In marching order, close formation, the 300,000 cavalry and 2-
500 full batteries of 180 horses each,
would reach from Chicago to- Boston:
-, . ..~ .. j^.���. ���fa��� ..vuiu nave ue&piseu   -'.'"" cvC1, u u aid not, in tact, nre-
tne  stripes  on  my sleeves,. am  now   cipitate   another. war   almost  before
proud of them as I am proud of the
sixty men under my command. I
have sixty comrades, sixty friends, the
soldiers confided to my care.
"A little more patience and this
dreadful war will be over. I am sure
that.it cannot last much longer. War
is even more horrible than I imagined,
but not for a single moment have I
doubted who is to blame for this war.
My hope is that it' will be the last,
and it is the hope that our children
will never have to engage in another
which inspires...jne^yvith .an almost
"su"perhum"ah"'"stfength""an""d a'firm determination to endure until the end."
Before. Peace Comes
Allies' Peace Must be For the Future
Security^ the World
It is a self-evident truth that the
Allies could not call off the war, even
with everything restored to the same
basis as existed before August, 1914,
without leaving themselves open to
exactly such another general assault
as was hurled against them twenty-
two months ago.
France might be restored, Belgium
might be returned, Poland might be
redeemed and Serbia recreated. But
unless the military machine which had
done the damage in the first instance
were smashed they could feel no assurance that the same thing would not
be done to them over again. Failing
the smash of that military machine
there would be nothing left for them
to do but proceed with all possible
dispatch to build up around the Central powers a series of great military
machines with which to meet the next
But this would be more militarism
than ever, if it did not, in fact, pre-
Monthly War Cost
Secretary   of   the    German    Treasury
Talks of Finances
A Reuter despatch from Berlin says
that in the discussion in the reichstag
of the war credit, Count von Rodern,
secretary of the imperial treasury,
stated that the monthly war expenditure from January to May was some-
.��� under 2,000,000,000 marks, and,
that the new credit would cover the
probable requirements for six months.
He added that France's expenditure
was almost as high as Germany, while
Great Britain's was half as much
"The confidence of the German nation in its own strength," said the
secretary, "has enabled us to raise
36 out of 40 billions in long term loans.
None of the other belligerents has
b6en   able   to   do   anything  like   this.
$ Heroism and grayer'
Chaplain's..   Life.,     With   '   Soldiers
Strengthens His Faith
Ina letter to the London  "Stand-'
ard,    a    Chaplain to.the Forces" relates some incidents *of the war wh'cli
he has witnessed himself in the course "
o. his duties, because, 'as he himself
felt  before  going out,  the people  in *
England do not fully realize the meaning of the war.    Pie said- "Not lon��-
ago  someone   asked   me   whether"the '
sufferings and horrors we saw did not
tend to shake our faith in God.
"Personally I have not, passed
through an experience that has more
completely established and confirmed'
my faith in God and my belief in His
practical interposition in the affairs of
men. Heie is a man brought in to the
ambulance or advanced dressin" station     ternblv     wounded ��� welf-nigh
To Get Together
Carelessness of Travellers
Protect the Machinery
ftThe  Business  Farmer  Does  Not Take
Risks With His Farm Machinery
!, It was no uncommon sight, a -generation ago, to see all the farm machinery, plows, harrows and almost
everything used in cultivating the
land, in the -open field all winter
with' no other covering except that
provided by nature, a few inches of
snow. This way certainly gave the
farmer a minimum amount of trouble.
'It ' was easy to unhitch the horses
from the plow and give no more
thought to it again until required the
next year.     '    ��-
'   But  how  the  plow  would groan  in
;the  spring time- and   how the  horses
[would  have,to' pull.to  get the  rusty
Ishare     through,   the   ground! '    And
isometimes  the  handle  rotted  by  the
{winter's exposure, would, crack. Then
lithe   farmer   would   become   profane
[and the hired man, if he had a high
jjse'nse   of   morality, '-would   leave.     It
Iwas surely' a deplorable    state  of affairs. ''       _ >":���',*:'    ���-.*��--.'-- J-"'
r    Every   piece   of  machinery   on   the
Ifarm   represents   an   investment "   of
^capital.     "Whether the' investment will
Ipay   good   dividends   or   riot-depends
Jen  how long the  piece" of machinery
l/will  give  satisfactory  service.    Every
Tday   that particular piece of machin-
J.ery   is   left   standing   in   the   field   it
t depreciates in  value  and  part of the
Tfarmer's capital  is  lost.    The farmer
^should   see    that   he   has     sufficient
i! weather-proof shelter to accommodate
Sail his farm implements .and machinery, and every implement should be
put under shelter at the end of each
day's work. This will only require
""a.few minutes' time .and those few
f minutes  will  be  well  SDent.
Besides     providing   the     necessary
shelter for his machinery, the farmer
'should   see   that   all   machinery   gets
('needed   repairs  promptly.     It   is   bad
^management  to  leave   a  damaged   or
Co-opration   " Between"   the
and   Merchant
A committee of agriculture and commerce is to be formed in Saskatchewan if. the recommendation of the
Regina Board of Trade is to be carried
put.    '
The matter was fully discussed at a
meeting of the board recently and it
was shown that the object of the com
mittee would be to discuss all matters, gone up in smoKe and a disastrous
at issue between the various interests prairie fire is raging. The direct re-
and   to   ftdvanop   thnip   nf   tV��o   norn-n^ I _   n     ��� , -      -
Prairie Fires Started Through Neglect
of   Ordinary   Precautions
Fire Commissioner J. K. Wilson, of
Saskatchewan, "referring, in .his report
for the last quarter of 1915, to -the
losses by prairie fires, says:
"Much of the waste caused by the
destructive prairie fire may be charged
to those who, in travelling across the
prairie, carelessly throw away a lighted match, cigar or cigarette or leave
a camp fire not extinguished. The
careless thresher leaves live coal
around his engine when closing down
for the night. In the morning he finds
that a high' wind sprang up during
the night, his threshing outfit has
gone  up  in  smoke  and   a disastrous
and to advance those of the people
of the province by co-operating to the
fullest possible  extent.1-
Co-operation .between the farmer and
the business man has not always been
in evidence. Indeed a spirit of enmity 'seems to exist between them in
many parts of the country, as if one
was the natural prey of the other. This
should not be the case: Under our
present system of commerce the business man or merchant is.as necessary
to the-farmer as the farmer is to the
merchant. By working together with
a mutual understanding the interest
of each would be safeguarded. Other
provinces might well follow the' lead'
of Saskatchewan
[.broken part on a machine simply be-
- cause the machine will work. Some
j day that part is bound to play'-out
ijtiind as likely as not will tie up your
rwork for several days until a new-part
" can be procured '-      -    -.
Oil will do more to make your ma-
Ichinery light running and  to remove;
rand prevent rust than anything-else, j
II and  oil  is comparatively cheap.    See
*;that your machinery-gets the.benefit
'of this cheapness.    A dollar will buy
'enough oil for your machinery to run
it nearly a whole year.  Use it liberally.   , The   business  farmer  does   not
take  risks   with  his  farm  machinery.
| He  sees  that  proper  shelter is  provided   for.  every   piece   of   machinery
Attitude of Theologians
The -greatest tragedy of this war is
the incomprehensible attitude of German theologians and teachers regarding the brutal and immoral methods
by which their country carries on
war. Forty years ago Paul de Legarde,
one of the chief moulders of German
thought, wrote: "In the year 1518 the
standard of faith was the Bible; in
the year 1871 it became the State."
The result is seen today in {lie inability of Germans to understand the horror and contempt with which their'
conduct throughout the war is viewed
by the Allied nations and by neutral
countries. " It is- the most appaling
example in the history of a highly
educated people, under the tutelage
of the state, turning its back deliberately on the moral standards that
have regulated human conduct since
the earliest dawn of civilization. Impregnated with the crude materialism
of the state, which asserts the claim
to override the laws of God and man,
the German church-has degenerated
into paganism. With it Christianity
can make no' peace.���Toronto Globe.
suit of carelessness is that hundreds
of settlers are deprived of their homes
and crops, while.some are penniless
and dependent upon the community
for assistance to tide them through
the winter.
_ "The person who starts a prairie
fire through carelessness or neglect
should be severely punished. Such
a measure surely would educate people to be more careful.     "    .
"Personal responsibility for fires
has attracted much attention, especially among those who are interested
in fire prevention and protection. In
some' countries this principle has
already,"been adopted in law, and the
person who is responsible for the fire
is held liable for the loss of the individual affected. This manner of dealing with the individual who, through
his own carelessness or neglect, causes
his neighbor to suffer, should be a
big step toward the decrease of the
enormous and avoidable fire waste."
the smoke of battle of this one had
floated away; because naturally the
Prussian military machine would aim
again to strike before the other machines could be perfected.
It is also ''''"'self-evident"" truth "that
so long as she commands the ,sea
Great Britain'can go on with this war
as she is now going on. With her
battle fleets she can keep the Central
Powers bottled up as she now keeps'
them bottled up; she can sit secure behind her floating- fortresses of steel
as she now sits secure; she can go on
reviving her., foreign trade with ,.the
world as she is',now reviving it.
Clear across on.rthe other side of
Europe stands colossal Russia, inexhaustible and invincible. In many respects Russia is' better off today than
she was two years ago; if the war
goes on she can be still better off two
years from. now. than ' she is today.
Russia has vastly more to lose now
from an unsatisfactory peace, leaving
the future threatened, tha'n from-indefinite war. ' v.
So it all resolyes itself down to a
question of what France 'wishes to do.
Who can doubt, what is the desire and
what is the-.will of France���France
the brave, France the heroic, France
the noble���among all the splendid
"figures of nations on-this vast battlefield of the Old World, France the
superlatively great and sublimely glorious?
France cannot possibly want any
ending of the war which will not leave
the integrity of her territory, the welfare of her people and the liberty of
her institutions as secure in the future as all through this war'she has
kept and, no man can doubt, will keep
to its end, .her honor.���From the New
York Press. '    ".
_  j 0   ......   ���.o i nuii     Leiiiuiy      wounded ��� well-    ���
The payments of our fourth war loan I crushed out of all semblance to bu
which was more successful than, the manity, uttering piteous groans,,wrung
third, amounted at the end of May to fiom him by his agony, in spite of
ninety per cent, of the whole" sum himself. Directly the chaplain kneels
subscribed." by his  side  to  whisper a  few simple
Referring to the allegation of the words of solace, the groans are hushed
French finance, .minister, M. Ribot, for fhe moment, and ,the man listens
that exchequer bills were being stored   eagerly   to   the   message,   and   always
in the reichbank in place of gold,
Count von Dodern declared, that the
actual gold in the reichsbank at the
end of May covered 36 per cent, on
the bank notes issued," while the gold
reserve in the Bank of France amounted to only 30 per cent. At the outbreak of the ,war, he said, the French
gold was 02 per cent, and .the German
4d' per cent.   ; -
jljon the farm and he keeps'his machinery in repair. Are you a business
farmer? ���   ' y
"Other Heroic  Deeds"
The Vienna Tageblatt says " that
Germany today can and may speak
of peace in its triumph. Nobody can
discover the faintest sign of weariness
on the part of the Central Powers,
l. who, at the height of their achievements, can plant the standard of
humanity." Suggest that the aforesaid standard of humanity be emblazoned with Herod's .massacre of the
innocents, bordered with scraps of
paper, and representations of bom-
bardments   of   hospitals,   sinking   of
(j Red Cross ships, brutality to prisoners,
I the execution of Miss Cavell, blind-
S, ing' opponents with gas flames and
,. other heroic deeds.���New York Telegram.
Poverty Amid   Plenty
An   English   traveller   writes
(hotels   in  Russia  are    greatly , UVci-
crowded by refugees from Poland and
the other   'war zones, and    the wise
traveller is he who engages rooms at
least a week beforehand, and, if possible,  through friends.    In  Petrograd
it is apparent that the supply of food
as well as of fuel is irregular, and in
, many cases insufficient. This is most-
3 ly due to the lack of railways as there
]> is plenty of food  in  this    enormous
, country, but the difficulties in the way
of transporting it from the often remote places seem to be almost insurmountable.
'iFor every electric automobile made: uiim.aiy   uuua  nuui   piace
ln\"915 there were 120 ffasnl'ne cars   | otherwise they would do so
Main German Purpose
Many  do   not  yet  realize   that  the
main   feature   of   the   battle   was   not
the sinking of  the  vessels  that  were
lost,  or   the  chasing  of  the   German
fleet back to port, but in the prevention of their design, whatever it may
have been, in their enterprise to the
northward.    It is,morally certain that
the intention' was to get a number of
raiding cruisers loose in the Atlantic.
It  is  difficult  to  estimate  what  the
result of success in this would have
meant.   British commerce of all kinds,
would have been demoralized, and in
addition,  in  order  to  round  up  the
raiders,   a   large   number   of   vessels
would  have been  taken  out of their
present service to capture or destroy
the raiders.   This would have had the
effect of breaking up the present ranks
of the navy and weakening the forces
in the North Sea opposed to the main
German fleet. All of-which would have
been   decidedly  serious,   and  its   prevention  constitutes   the  most notable
immediate  result  of  the  battle.���Toronto World.
Educated Town Ladies For Farms
Lord Selbourne is certain that
hundreds of farmers can be released
for the front by a larger rally of competent women workers for farms. One
of the drawbacks to his contention is
the lack of accommodation for women
at the farms.
��� In speaking on the subject he made
an appeal���first for more women. He
said that .the ladies that played tennis in the suburbs of London were
among the most virile in England, and
he thought their splendid powers
should be brought into the service of
the country at this hour, and he appealed to squires, clergymen, and
others to billet such as would apply
to work farms from that class of society.
The War Office did not wish to move
military  huts  from   place  to  place���
..it _��� __ ii.���      . *   .
Peace Prospects m Europe
As to the possibility of peace, I
should say at once that neither in
Great Britain nor in France - did I
hear any real talk of peace. As .to
France I may mention as typical the
comment of a former- French Premier.
I asked him what would happen to
any French politician who actively
and earnestly advocated peace at that
"Well,' said the former president
of the Council, "I think that he would
be killed. Very quietly, very clecaratly,
of course you understand, but still,
As to the British view, it was expressed best to me by several men
who travelled with me in a railroad
carriage; one of them said and the
other agreed to thi3: "If, we men
should want to have peace now, as
we don't, the women wouldn't permit
it." This idea Rudyard Kipling echoed, when in speaking of the English
woman, he said to me: "She is not
like Rachel weeping for her lost child
The West's Coal Resources
Enough to  Supply the    World    for a
- -      Couple of.'Centuries   '
":According to estimates recently published, in The Calgary - News, -there, is
"entfupi soft coal in the four western
provinces of Canada    to  supply   the
world for a couple of centuries.   The
mines of  Saskatchewan,  Alberta and
British Columbia have scarcely been
tapped as yet, and  have produced a
total in one year of around 6,000,000
tons, with a value of over $25,000,000.
The Alberta and Saskatchewan coalfields���which are having a big development���it   is   said,   can   s.upply   the
demand  of  the  prairie  provinces  for
centuries to come.    The coal is of a
very  good  grade  and  is  equally serviceable for steam purposes and household heating.    Steps have  also been
taken -to generate    cheap     electrical
power  by   establishing   power   plants
at the mouths of good mines.    Promotion" of this kind has been more or
less delayed on account of the financial situation caused by the European
war; but there is no doubt that in the
future 'the    power    question   -of the
prairie provinces will be largely settled  by the  inexhaustible  supply    of
coal available in these provinces. The
Dominion Geological Survey has estimated "that    the coal beds    of these
provinces with Eastern British Columbia, , contain  a total  of 148,490,000,000
tons, covering an area of 22,506 square
finds     strength   to   utter   a   heartfelt
Ihank you,   sir.'    There  is no  room
for sham  or hypocrisy here, and you
have before your eyea the indisputable
fact of  real  help  and  comfoit "iven'-
to the   sufferer  in   his  extremity '  I
have known a man,  but a few hours
removed from death,  throw his arms
about my  neck in  the gratitude  and
]oy that filled  Ins heart to;-overflow-,'
ing. Another murmured over and over/-'-
to himself, 'Oh. ,the_ sweet, prayer ! Oh;-"-..
the sweet- prayer!'."'Does this tend",to 1'-
shake one's faith in God?''    ",
f ��� -      ,u   ^   * i
Cecil on the Blockade   '
Difficulties and Triumphs of NavalisnV '-\
Are Frankly Discussed        '.
Interviewed  by  a  Paris  newspaper,
Lord Robert Cecil,   "Blockade Minis-   '
ter," said: "It is the.intention of the   '
allies to destroy Germany's commerce' '
and   cut  off  her - food  supplies  from ���
abroad.     In  my opinion  we have  al-  "
, js; m-j-oiand . feady  accomplished   a  great deal   in
G.700,000 acres; and in the Caucasus    tills  direction..  'We   have   absolutely
18,600,000  acres���a total  of 549 800 000   Paral.vzed   the   German   export  trade," '
acres exclusive of Siberia. '        werman.credit-abroad is rapidly sink---". .
In the Ural Provinces forests cover' lnS'and,.her imports"are decreasing.;
70 per cent of the area, in the northern      ",As vou know, Germany is forced"to...i'
provinces 68 per cent., and in the four   re.Jv, *uP��n  neutral. neigh boring couu-  " ���
lake provinces'57 per cent.   It is esti' .tl.lcs fo.r her food supplies from abroad'"* .��*
mated that in Western Siberia  alone   a*  a time  when  she -cannot possibly'    ->
there   are   465,000,000   acres   of   virgin   Produce-enough;'food Jat  home.    The":
forests,   and   Eastern   Siberia,   while   S^t difficulty we meet is to distin-   ""'
not so richly endowed,, has sufficient   &ulsh, between' the imports which are-.,
timber to supply the world's demand   lntended for consumption-in the.heut-   "   -
for years to come. " ral country and those which' by devi-       '
The. principle timber lands of East-   ous, ways are" smuggled into' the ene-".     -
ern Siberia are in the valleys of the   m7 s .country.     Whether   we-adopt"*   '
Amur River  system,  which cover  an | wnat-'f. known as-a regular blockade -
area  of about 2,000,000 square  miles.
Of this area, only about 400,000 miles
Russia's Forests
Occupies     First    Place  in     Extent of
v"    Timber .Resources
Russia now '��� occupies first" place
among the nations of the world in
the extent of its timber resources, the
value and' quality of two-thirds of
which are practically unknown. The
total area of the Empire is about one-
seventh of the-'land-surface of the
globe, and'39 per cent, of it is under
forests. \ Those in European Russia
cover an area of 474,000,000 acres; in
Finland,  50,000,000  acres;  in -Poland,
��� f        - ������^ LBUWULW       *.\j\j,w\j       initio
is 'considered available for timbering
but according to local" calculations,
allowing forty-five merchantable trees
to the acre this would give some 11,-
520,000,000 trees. "As the time" required
these .-trees to mature is placed at 100
years, 113,200,000 trees could . be cut
per annum without diminishing the
Jorests, with proper reforestation
m'ethods. The" Russian forestry department places the total timber land
in Siberia at 810,000,000 acres, of which
two-thirds can be successfully placed
on the market.
Revision of School Supplies
(Contributed by Norman F. Black, M.
A.,    D.   Paed,    Regina)
In connection with the popular, nonpartisan, province wide, campaign for
Better Schools, inaugurated by Premier Scott, and W. B. Willoughby,
leader of the Opposition in Saskatchewan Legislature, a large and widely
representative . committee of teachers
and other friends of education was ap-
appointed some time ago by the government to make ^recommendations
regarding the revision of the courses
of studies for public and high schools.
This committee held its first formal
meeting in the Legislative Chambers,
Regina, on June 2. An important preliminary discussion took place and
sub-committees were appointed to
make special studies of the high school
continue to strengthen the measures -whi'ch we have already taken,
this  difficulty   remains  the   same.
"You will probably agree that while
we are justified-in destroying "the commerce of Germany, it-is equally true
that we jnust-respect' the rights of all
neutral countries, if 'we do not want
to sink perilously near to the level
of Germany in the eyes of the civilized
.world. .���Without losing -sight of the
fact that we are fighting for our national existence, we also remember
that we are also fighting for the existence of civilization, and .we may,
while exercising our rights as. belligerents, very well' apply*"the principles
of international-i law in the fashion
rendered necessary by modern conditions to ensure the efficiency of the
measures  we  have  taken."
Hun   "Kultur"  at  the  Cameroon*
Now that the Cameroon war is at
an end and this colony is in the possession of the Allies, two notable exploits that may be mentioned were
the transport of big guns over hun-
dieds of miles of territory. ��>" '
One 93m. French gun was taken to
Garua, a distance of over 600 miles,
during the dry season, while a British
naval 12-pounder was also taken hundreds of miles i'p the Benue River.
In this work -valuable assistance was
given by the'Nigerian Marine. The
native troops behaved with the greatest pluck, gallantry and devotion.
Generally speaking it must be said
.ill i       -l '.������������-       ��� -
curriculum, the correction" oTsubjec^s I ���� ^d'^tany SL^tr^n?
and the grouping of classes in public   There   were . many -instances   of  non'
Dutch .Cattle   For   Starving   Germans
Amidst   the   many   statements   that
m    i-    ,- u   ---����� -.---,:���- ���' "'"��� | are   published    with   regard    to  Ger-
ine .hng'ish woman is like a she-bear | many's. resources,    some  facts    have
that  has    lost  her  cub."���Frank H.} been collated that show the measures
Simonds-in Review of Reviews.
A   Person   of   Importance
-While on a hunting trip ���'through
Canada last summer a New York clubman met a quaint character; This
man was of French extraction and he
was very proud of a friend of his in
New York, one Gaston Lespinasse, of
whom he talked constantly.
"You live in New York?" he at
once asked when the, Gothamita appeared.
"I do."
"You know Gaston Lespinasse?"
"No, I don't think I ever heard of
The Canadian seemed disappointed
as well as nonplused.   Then he began j
"You live in New York?"
"You.do not know Gaston Lespinasse?"
"Never heard of him."
The Canuck grinned incredulously.
Then, with the air of one convicting
another out of his own mouth, he
"Gaston is the cook at the hotel."
 _-���__���������.,   vw^  mcoouica
now being adopted:to meet an admitted shortage of foodstuffs:
The exportation rof cattle from Hoi-,
land, that" stopped some time ago, has
schools, the physical welfare of school
children, the special educational problems of non-English speaking communities, the teaching of manual
training, agriculture, and the domestic
arts,  and of civics and ethics.
It is generally expected that.' the
committee will continue its labors for
at least a year, before presenting its
final report.
The secretary, Mr. C. E. Brown' of
Swift Current, will be glad to receive
been resumed, and: in- two days 7 000   suggestions  and  criticism from  every
nA4.4.1��     ,��A-n     n1.,'������J     :_i._      /-.__ .'  J.   XI  .'11. ���       ,
cattle were shipped into Germany from
Rotterdam. Most of the cattle were'for
breeding. An official statement was
issued from Berlin intended to allay
the anxiety felt in some quarters as
to the next harvest. The report was,
naturally,   assuring,   and  stated   that
Al 1_       .(      It.. _ ��� ��       .
quarter, as the committee wishes to
get into the closest possible touch
with the people's wishes with regard
to the education of their children.
It is expected that this topic of
school studies will receive much attention in the hundreds of public meet
A Generous Indian Prince
Although the State of Kutch in India is classed among the poorest, the
ruling Rao is without a rival in his
devotion to the British Throne and
to the cause of the allies. As soon
as war broke out he rushed to the
Viceroy and said that his kingdom
was at the service of the Empire, and
he has lived up to that profession.
He has sustained a regiment at the
front, which has cost him .45,000
rupees per month. He has been a
notable contributor to many of the
Patriotic Funds,, in addition to contributing from five to six lakks
rupeees to the general war fund.
uoiuiauj.,   Mouiuig,   uuu   siatea   mat   iicuuun m uie iiunuruus oi pumic meet-
the prospects-of the crops in Belgium,   ings which are to be held throughout
Courland, and other parts of occupied   the province on "Better Schools Day "
territory  were  excellent,   from   which   June 30.
it   is  inferred   that  the   intention  of
making the needs of the civilian subservient to the needs of the army.will
be   carried  out   rigidly,   and   Belgium
will be made to shift for herself.
No other navy in the world owes
so much to one. man as the German
navy owes to Tirpitz.
But what civilization will never
forgive is that he is responsible
for the policy of submarine massacre,
and that at his instance atrocities
like the torpedoing of the Lusitania
were committed. From that brand of
infamy his reputation, however great
in other respects, can never be cleared.
���New York World.
Farmers are unquestionably entering upon a very momentous year.
There are difficulties ahead even
greater than the difficulties now experienced, and it will need all the
farmer's native shrewdness to make
the most of his land with labor and
transport deficiencies.���English Exchange.
Husband���But you must agree that
men have  better judgment than woof j men.   Wife���Oh, yes; you married me,
j and I you.
"Paper Coal" for Alpine Soldiers
The problem for supplying the soldiers of Italy with fuel while they are
battling up in the mountains wholly
bare of wood is being met by patriotic
girls and boys at hame. The new fuel
is called "coal paper," though "paper
coal" would do as well.
Paper can of course be compressed
to such a solidity that car-wheels have
been made from it. Such a consistency of material should burn like coal
and, though information is lacking
as to the specific quality of the omo?"
ency "coal," the compression is sufficient to render it excellent slow-
burning fuel. In all the big cities oi
Italy there have been organized bands
of boys and girls who go round and
collect all the papers they can find.
These are brought to establishments
where other boys and girls, under the
direction of women teachers, turn
these papers into solid rolls and sections, afterwards cut into chunks.
These are packed into individual bags
and distributed among the soldiers in
the bleak mountains. In case a soldier desires to have a little hot soup
or coffee he takes out three or four
combatants inhabitants being mutilated in the most"revolting fashion. In
one case a German white man was
seen by a British officer deliberately
cutting the throats of wounded 'native
troops with his open knife.
The  Meaning of Economy
The root fact is that there  are not
enough things to go round for carrying on this war and at the same time
for living  at home  is   if we   were at
peace.    One  or  other  must  be sacrificed, and  if we  are  to  win'the" war
it is  the  standard  of living  at home
that must yield.    Economy  does not
mean  hoarding money;  it  means releasing capital, and with it labor, from
satisfying private and domestic needs,
in order to apply them to the' production of things and the maintenance of
services required  by the war.   All expenditure   on   unnecessary   things  diverts capital and labor from that supreme object.    Surely there is no difficulty in understanding that.���London
"How does the breakfast suit you,
John?" inquired the young' bride
"It's just right, dearest," said her
husband. "It may be plebeian, but
I'm .awfully fond of calves' liver for
"So am I, dear," said the wife. "Oh,
John, don't you think it would pay
us to keep a calf? Then we could
have liver every morning for breakfast."
If you borrow money from a fellow
you. meet him everywhere you go aa
long as you owe him, but if he borrows from you months and months
go by, it seems, before, ybii ever see
him again.���Macon News.
Kathryn���I noticed you're not doing
your complexion as carefully a3 you
used to.
,.-        ._-   .^  ���      u.i.cc m  iguri    Kitty���it isn't necessary any more
pieces of    coal paper,    and    his hot   My   present   fiance   is   color   blind ���
meal is soon ready. ] New York Globe. rMUiMtW  ' \f --t*(j^������-, W1- ������������������ r. *r<  -'..-.If**'''-.-,*."-:-.��������� -i-*'^--^  ���������-;'    :', "-'    -"   '--lv- ''-"--  THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.  ���������   B.-     C.  The Spirit of  Nelson Survives  enemy    Sought    and    Made    to    Fight  Whatever the Odds  When Vii-e-Admiral Sir David Beatty  r.-m in with a battle cruiser squadron  ������������������-.rid engaged the main battle fleet of  the enemy, lie fought a*. Nelson would  have fought, and probably not according to modern rules of calculating a  battle by mathematics. He risked  much and suffered heavily in men and  ships. Tho enemy, however, piob-  ivlily lost no less heavily, and the  British admiral came within an ace  of making, the biggest score for the  Allies since the outbreak of war.  The difference, between a battle  cuii'-or like the Queen Mary and a  battleship is mainly in its armor-plate  ih fence. Tho battleship is protected  by walls of nickel stool armor-plate  of maximum thickness. The guns and  nil vita! piiif- .'in' encased in the  thickest armor-plate .-hHds. The battle cruisers have much lens protection.  Weight on the battle cruiser is kept  down for I be Mike o[ ������peed.  The Gorman battleship, Weslfalen,  sunk in fhe baffle of Jutland, had an  iirmor-plafo hell with a maximum  thickness of ll J-2 inches. The big-  ;.vst of the British battle cruisers, the  Queen Mary, had an armor belt, tailoring from nine inches thick amidships  to only 4 inches thick at the fore and  aft extremes. At a range of eight  miles, whore the heaviest fighting  apparently took place, the !) inch belt  of the Queen" Mary would bo vulnerable to tho. 11-inch and heavier guns  of tho enemy battleships. Tho if 1-2  inch armor of the Weslfalen. and the  fl .'{-1 inch bolt of the Pommeru. an  older German battleship, was ham-  jiieied flat by the British guns. But  fhe. British squadron had to pay the  piieo in doing what they sought to  do; fo wit, holding up the main Ger-  ni.-.u battle fleet and forcing il to fight,  l-h'on the German battle cruisers  have heavier armor defence than fhe  Mritish. One of the biggest German  battle cruisers, tho Derfflinger, repeated to have been sunk in the battle, has .-in armored belt of f.'i inch  thickness amidships. There aro throe  or more of this class similarly protected, and it is possible one other  of the fluee, either the Lufzow of the  Kr-atz Hertha. also went down in fhe  battle. Ono was observed by Admiral  Beatty to blow up amidships and  sink. Tho British ships passed another in a sinking condition, while  thoy wore chasing the flying Herman  ilcot, and it had disappeared when  they  returned.  Tho German first line ships generally have armor plato. protection heavier than the British, and for a leason.  The German admiralty sacrificed fuel  and store accommodation for the sake  ol more armor-plate. The German  win ships are designed to fight in  The North 'Sea against an enemy near  their naval, bases. They could coal  often and in smaller quantities. The  British ships, until recent years, were  not, designed against, any particular  enemy country. They worn built to  carry bigger loads of fuel, for longer  cruises. More of their total displacement consequently went into fuel and  loss into armor-plate.  The British ships kept the sea; and  'hey also kept alive the spirit of Nelson and the highest traditions of the  Ihitihh navy; fo seek out fhe*. enemy  wherever ho. might be. and make him  light whatever the odds. Admiral  P.eaUy has been doing this, day by  day, week by week, month by month  since August. 1914. Twice, at least,  before he has happened on the enemy  iiist, line ships and hammered them  back into their mined and guarded  hi-vens. Tin'1; time he managed to  trot between them and their safe retreat. The German batlle fleet outnumbered and outweighed the British  battle cruiser squadron. But the British ships steamed into the fight, and  fought, the German navy for five  hours. The arrival of four British  battleships, the Barham, Valiant,  "Malaya and Warspile, caused the.  v.hole enemy battle fleet -m retire. A  general engagement with the British  first lino- of battle would have meant  the end of the Gorman navy. The  Rrifish  navy  would  welcome  nothing  "���������saT  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUS  better   in   the.   war  lhan   in   have   the  enemy fleet vonUiio out   once  again.  Lloyd George's Life  The  Now  Minister   of    Munitions   i������  Located   in   new   Quarters  He doesn't say as much as formerly,  but there is no "member of the Cabinet  who puts in so many hours' work as  Mr. Lloyd George. He has removed  with his personal staff from Whitehall  Gardens fo I he offices of the Ministry  of Munitions <in Whitehall Place.  Those offices include the premises  known as Armament Buildings, and  those formerly occupied by the Hotel  Metropolc. Considerable alteiations  have been made inside the hotel, and  luxury has given place to business  furniture. Mr. Lloyd George has  selected for his own use a singularly  modest room on ihe second floor. In  his room the Minister of Munitions  still uses his novel inkstand, which  consists of u shell ca=c, in which holes  have been pieiced so that pons may be.  inserted.  Canada's Record  How an American  Paper Views Work  Accomplished by Canada in Enacting Prohibition Measures  Before it had received the news_ of  ihe splendid success of the prohibition  movement in the Province of Ontario,  the "New Republic" which is the  official organ of the Ameiican Anti-  Saloon League, had an editorial entitled "Candida's virile response" in  which the situation, this side of the  boundary line, was referred to in the  following terms:  Canada as an integral part, of the  British Empire, is in the midst of' a  struggle to the death for National existence.  The best blood of the Dominion is  being spattered all over the hills of  northern France. . The fathers and  mothers gladly give up their sons;  girls give up their sweethearts, and  wives give up their husbands. The  tax payers dig deep into their pockets  and all wonder what else they can do.  While patiiotism is abla-,.e rrom Vancouver to Quebec what are the rum  selleis doing? They arc intervening  to balk their country s efforts. Did  Canada snivel and cringe and stutter  and wriggle and crawl concerning  this?   Not much. ,  Alberta led off by wiping out the  saloons of  the entire  province.  Then along came Saskatchewan with  an anti-bar law, closing every dram  shop in her boundaries.  Then the people of Manitoba enacted a state wide prohibition law with  a two lo one majority.  Then the Legislature of Nova Scotia met and enacted a state wide law  for that province.  Now British Columbia is planning  to oust the disloyal traffic from her  boundaries.  In the hour of, public trouble whether it be in a municipal "riot, or whether it be a world wide war, the first  step necessary to success is to close  ihe dirty and disloyal dram shop.  Like the Typhus, the saloon is always an evil and a source of trouble,  but this evil is accentuated in the hour  of public distress.  Canada's response to this challenge >  of alcohol is worthy a great, a magnificent people.  Our hats are off to the Canucks.'"  ���������From the Pioneer.���������H. Arnott, M.  B., M.XVP. S.  How She Was Relieved from  Pain by Lydia E. Pinkham*s  Vegetable Compound.  Taunton, Mass.���������"I had pains in both  tides and when my periods came I had  to stay at home  from work and suffer a long time.  One day a woman  came to our house  and asked my  mother why I was  suffering. ^ Mother  told her that I suffered every month  and she said, ' Why  don't you buy a  bottle of Lydia B.  Pimcnam's Vegetable Compound? ' My  mother bought it and the next month I  was so %vell that I worked all the month  without staying at home a day. lam  in good health now and have told lots of  pirls about it."���������Miss Clarice Morin,  22 Russell Street, Taunton, Mass.  Thousands of girls suffer in silence  every month rather than consult a physician. If girls who are troubled with  painful or irregular periods, backache,  beads che, dragging-down sensations,  fainting spells or indigestion would take  Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, a safe and pure remedy made  from roots and herbs, much suffering  might be avoided.  Write to Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine  Qo.. Lynn, Mass. (confidential) for free  *dvice which will prove helpful.  VV.      N.      U.  1112  Secret of the Admiralty  The battle cruiser Queen Mary is  gone, but there are at least three of  'equal "'calibre,' left, namely the" Tiger,  Lion and Princess Royal. There are  two sister ships to. the Indefatigable,  namely the. Australia and the New  Zealand, still keeping watch and  ward; and.'the Invincible class will  still be represented by the Inflexible  and Indomitable. How many more  battle cruisers have been put in commission 'since August, 1914, is the  well preserved secret of the admiralty  and its stalwart allies, the artisans  of the Clyde and Tyneside and Barrow-in-Furness and Birkenhead, and  Pembroke and Portsmouth and Davenport and Sherness and elsewhere,  where the pneumatic riverters and  caulkers and chisels and hammers and  drills rattle, and drive day and night  without ceasing.���������Froni the Ottawa  Citizen.  Prosperous Alberta  The   Phenomenal   Growth   of  Agriculture and  Other   Industries  Big crops of wheat and coarse grains  at high prices; herds of beef cattle  with live steers langing up to $7.50  per hundredweight; hogs at from ten  to cloven cents a pound; butter,  cheese, milk and cream products constantly mounting; more farming and  better" farming, bigger crops and bigger prices���������these in themselves arc  sufficient to explain Alberta's prosperity. But the great headway the  piovinco is making is .better understood by making some simple comparisons and a few conclusions.    .  In 1905," ten years beiorc last season's crop���������Alberta produced a total  of J,017,505 bushels of spring wheat,  an average ot a trifle ancier 21 J-2  bushels per acre. The winter wheat  crop Ihe same year was less than  700,000 bushels, and the total wheat  crop about 2,200,000 bushels. In 1915  tlie same piovinco produced a wheat  crop of 5l,j'55,000 bushels, find the  average wheat yield was almost 'J.'*  bushels to the aero, according lo the  Dominion  government  returns.  Almost, equally . remarkable has  been the development of other 'grain  crops. In 1905 the oat crop was 9.-  500,000 bushels; in 1915, 107,741,000  bushels. Barley in the same period  has increased from 1,775,000 bushels  to almost 7.000,000 bushels and flax  from 8,337 bushels to 1,124,000. Taking these four principal cereals the  comparison is as follows:  1905 crop���������13,433,337 bushels.  1915 crop���������167,220,000 bushels.  But these figures do not'tell the  whole story of crop production, by  any menus. Not only has Alberta  demonstrated within the last ten  years that she can grow crops of  wheat, oats, barley and flax unsurpassed on the continent, hut she has  also found lhat she can grow other  crops which were not attempted ten  yea is ago, or which were grown in  such small quantities that they did  not figure in the returns. Among tho  crops so classed may be mentioned  rye, which last year amounted to  4G3.000 bushels, and alfalfa totalling  in 1915 over 34,000 tons. Other crops  of importance were potatoes, 5,155,-  000 bushels; turnips and other root  crops, 1,356,000 bushels, mixed grains  67,080 bushels, fodder corn, 5,700 tons;  hay and  clover, 311,000 tons.  But the permanent prosperity of  Alberta is not wholly dependent upon its crops. The clistiiet which is  now Alberta was famous for its  stock interests before its possibilities  as a grain producing country was  generally realized. Definite figures of  stock production are not so easily  obtained as in the ease of grain, but  the following taken from^the government returns, are sufficiently accurate  to prove their point. Going back  only as far as 1911 wc get, the following evidence of the development of  the live stock industry:  Livestock  in   Alberta:  1911        1915  Horses   ..    407,153   020,000  Dairy Cows 147,687   210,000  Other Cattle 592;I63   915,000  Sheep 133,592   525,000  Swine... 237,510   400,000  The dairy products of Alberta for  the year 1915 were worth $11,000,000  The production of creamery butter  was in the neighboihood of 7,000,000  pounds, compared with 2,000,000 lbs.  in 1910. The province has an expert-  system of grading, handling and  marketing its butter, which has resulted in a reputation on outside markets that assures to the Alberta dairyman top prices for its produce. The  dairy -produce of Alberta in 1915was  worth., .more than the entire cereal  crop of the province���������wheat, oats,  barley and flax���������only ten years ago.  These figures are sufficient to explain Alberta's present prosperity,  and shed a clear light upon the source  of her prosperity in the' future. Alberta, however, is a province, of natural resources and if, is worth while  printing out sonie of the other industries which are contributing to the  general wrelfare. Alberta has immense  forest wealth in the northern part of  the province, and along the eastern  slopes of the Rocky Mountains. Great  timber reserves-have been created,  which will preserve this wealth permanently to the people of the country,  hiborcis to make their homes by preference in Alberta; and the.rich agri-  cultuial distiicts capable of producing  the foodstuffs for millions of people.  Hut although as stated, manufacturing is yet in its infancy, it has already assumed some importance. Tho.  Infest census returns show flint 290  manufacturing plants in the province,  consuming raw material worth ten  millions per year, and producing finished product's almost to the value of  twenty million dollars.  The farmer may, not feel any direct interest in .lumbering, mining, or  manufacturing, but these industries  have a groat bearing on his prosperity, nevertheless. They consume a  large proportion of his oats, hay,  dairy products, etc., affording him  the best of markets���������the homo .market���������and at the same time they supply  him with lumber, fuel and certain  lines of manufactured articles at less  cost than he would otherwise pay.  As their importance increases, their  beneficial effect on agriculture will  increase in proportion.  In 1909 Alberta stood eighth among  the provinces of Canada in the matter  of railway mileage. Now-she stands  fifth, and except for some outlying  districts, agricultural communities  have railways close at hand.' A government telephone system has been  extended over the province, in, the  same period, and there are few districts which have not now the advantage of telephone connection.  Roads have been built, schools and  churches established, and 'the hardships of pioneer life fo a large extent  have become memories. Yet all this  lias been accomplished in a decade,  and there is every reason to believe  that the province is only on the threshold of its prosperity. Alberta has  more agricultural land than any-other  province, but as yet less than four per  cent, of it is under crop. Moreover, Alberta has one of the largest irrigation enterprises in fhe world.  Irrigation means, eventually, close  sofllcmenf., intensive farming, and enormous production in proportion to  the area under cultivation.  With such a record behind, and such  possibilities ahead, the future of agriculture in Alberta is assured. Ne\er  before was fhe farm so af tractive, No  other pursuit offers the same assurance of a good Jiving and independence, and tlie very fact that it takes  brains as well as muscle to farm  under modern methods -has raised  the'farmer to a higher place in'the  estimate of all other lines of industry.  And nowhere will brains and muscle  find belter reward than in"Alberta.-  Ready for the Huns  Trawlers    Equipped    With    Rams    For  Submarines  The destructive power of the submarine is gradually being bioken by  plans that are the outcome of experience and the careful study of the  naval engineers attached to the Navy.  Hitherto, if has been common  knowledge that tho majority of trawlers employed in the North Sea have  been provided with guns, and a form  of hand grenade for emergencies at  close grips with an enemy. The antisubmarine net, too, has. it is believed, accounted for f-ixly to seventy  of the enemy's U-boats.  There are other devices for checkmating Von Tii-pita's machine for reducing the British Navy to scrap iron,  of which the public is still in ignorance.  The latest device is a sharp, penetrating, and powerful ram built onto  the trawlers on .'active seryice.. There  is likely to be a great development  in the 'work of tins new trawler,  Young fishermen, the sons of trawler  men', are being trained on shore and  in bays and 'rivers to navigate, the  revised trawler, and ���������', when Mr. Balfour hinted the other day that a rearrangement 'had . been " made :of the  fighting strength of the British Navy,  which would make it hazardous fotthe German Squadrons to again raid  the East coast, it is understood that  he had in Jiis mind the new missile  that has been studiously kept in the  dark from Ihe spies that are believed  to-be in hiding in some parts of the  eastern shores of Kngland. Equipped  with greater horse power, and armed  Emma, a charming young woman  was very literary, and young Wood,  her devoted admirer, was not the least  inclined   in  that  direction.  He obtained permission to call, and  spent, an embarrassing evening frying to discuss authors of whom he.  knew almost nothing, and their books,  of which ho know  even  loss.  "Of course, Mr. Wood." remarked  tho young woman, archly, "you have  road Romeo und Juliet.,' haven't, you?"  "Whv,   I've���������I've  road  Romeo."  One. of Mr. Winston Churchill's  greatest treasures is the gold-mounted  cane that was given him by King-  Edward as a- wedding piesent. Once  Mr. Churchill, when staying in Paris,  left the cane, in a. railway I rain. It  cost him a lengthy telegram and a  big fee for a special messenger lo  recover it.  u ^ w    _ ^   _     _       with guns,  these little craft will jerk  wliilcTerririi^^ j out to meet the biggest warship that  iniber   every   year.     At   the   present.��������� Germany.  cares   to  send    out  in   Ihe  Recruiting Officer���������Ever served a  term of imprisonment?  Applicant���������No, sir; but T don't mind  doin' a short sentence if yei- think  it   necessary.���������Sydney  Bulletin.  Magnets  A   steel 'horseshoe magnet  can hold  in  suspension a weight  up fo twenty  times its own.  "What makes Carol so disliked?"  "She got the most votes for being  popular."���������Chicago News.  time the average Season's cut is about  50,000,000 foot of lumber. This does  not include fhe timber cut, by farmers  for building purposes, fencing, and  fuel.  Those same forested areas furnish  another important source of wealth.  According to the figures of the. department of agriculture the game and  furs taken in the province hist year  had an aggregate value of one million  dollars.  The fish catch for tho same period  is  estimated  at,   $250,000.  In the -matter of coal production  Alberta stands second among the  provinces of the Dominion, being- exceeded only by Nova Scotia, and in  the wealth.of her coal deposits Alberta stands easily first. The present, output of about four million tons  is a very important factor in the province's prosperity.  As a manufacturing province Alberta is in its. infancy, although it  has striking advantages which must  boar fruit in fhe future. Among  these arc its immense resources of  coal, natural gas and water power;  ils own mineral wealth, as yet little  known except in the case of coal, and  the mineral wealth of the adjoining  province of British Columbia; the favorable climate, which, as it becomes  better known,  will load artisans and  open.  Forest   Protection  The Stiite of Maine makes an annual  appropriation of $71,400 for forestry  work." Of this, $69,400 is expended on  fire protection, $1,000 on nurseries  and reforestation work, and the balance on investigations and publications.  In Massachusetts, the annual forestry appropriation is $33,000, of  which $,'13,000 is for fire -protection,  $10,000 for nurseries and reforestation  work, and $20,00 for the purchase and  maintenance of stiite forests. The  remainder, $20,000, is expended for  administration, publications and .investigation.  Fan for Travellers  An electric fan that can be placed  in fi suit case and which will furnish  enough 'breeze for- one person when  connected with a light socket, has  been  invented  for  travellers.  "Experience is a good asset." "I'd  much prefer the bank roll I exchanged  for  mine."���������Boston  Transcript.  You can put all the United Stales  except Alaska in Brazil and have 200,-  000 square miles left.  Something About Heavy Guns  The German Seventeen-inch Naval Gun Theory   Has at Last Been Exploded   As   lo   Ihe   big  17-inch    naval    gun I a ship like the Queen Elizabeth,  car-  theory, lhat was soon exploded. The  French had found the position of the  gun that was firing into Dunkirk and  photographed it. It was found to be  not a naval gun at all, neither was it  of 17-inch calibre. It was only a Ger-  inun 15-inch siege howitzer embedded  in concrete and rigidly set at its maximum elevation so that it could not  be actually aimed, but merely fired  haphazard in the general direction  of Dunkirk. Its purpose was merely  frighlfulncss. People in French towns  soon got used' ,to these big shells,  their effect soon wears off, and they  do not cause so much damage alter  all as one would be led ,to suppose.  Thus tho theory of Mr. Douglas rebounded on his own head.  Common sense, also, would have  told such experts that even if fhe  Germans had ships armed with the  17-inch naval guns, such monster  pieces would only be handicaps. As  guns vary according lo the cube of  their calibre, it can readily be figured  out that a 17-inch.gun would weigh  about double the weight-of .the 15-  ineh g.un. So at the most four 17-  inch guns could only bo mounted on  rying 17-inch guns. But owing to the  curvature of the earth, the maximum  range at sea is about 19 miles. Now,  these 15-inch, guns fire extremely effectively at. such a range, and there  is not anything on the sea that could  float any length of time once these  15-inch guns got -the drop on it. The  London Truth says lhat when the  Queen Elizabeth was given her trials  at target shooting the marks .were 19  miles away, and she perforated every  mark at the first broadside.  But with four 17-ihch guns firing  against eight 15-inch guns you would  have, giving the same rate of fire, the  Queen Elizabeth actually, firing two  shots to the other's one, and she ���������  would put the other out of .action ,be- ,  fore it could do much if any damage  to her, for she would have superiority  of fire right from the start, and  smother the opposing warship under a  hail of shells.���������From the Toronto  World. .,      '  London dock ��������� laborers - are earning-  as much as $50 'per.week. " It is not  so long ago that .they- struck for 12  cents an hour.  "I  The Merchants Bank of Canada  ' Statement of Liabilities and Assets at 29th April, 1916.  LI ABILITIES.  1. To the Shareholders:  Capital Stock paid in $ 7,000,000.00   "  Rest or Reserve Fund     7,000,060.00  Dividends declared and unpaid .-         175,542.50  Balance of Profits as per Profit and Lost' Account submitted  herewith  .." ��������� ." -\    250,384.12  .       ' " ' '  $14,426,526.62 '  2. To the Public t  Notes,of the Bank in Circulation '. $ 7,486,906.00'  Deposits not bearing interest.   I7;181,959.18  Deposits bearing interest (including interest  accrued  lo _"\  date of statement) ." 54,995,069.97  Balances due toother Banks in Canada ." 1..".       363,799.39  Balances due to Banks and Banking Correspondents in"the   ~ '  United Kingdom and foreign countries     877,399.91 -  Bills payable ..'.'..' ,. ".'. ���������   . ��������� ���������'���������   Acceptances under letters of credit.', ��������� ���������_��������� ���������     1,029,702.00  Liabilities not included in the foregoing      .'. ��������� ���������  ���������   / 596,361,363.07  ASSETS. "  Current Coin held - $ 3,681,854.13  Deposit in the Central Gold Reserve ".  1,060.000.00  Dominion Notes held  8,106,240.25  Notes of other Banks  :  702,006.00 -,  Cheques on other Banks '.'.**;._,:.. 2,754,968.88 ;-  Balances due by other Banks in Canada  .. 2,836.92 _,  Balances due by Banks and Banking Correspondents in the  United Kingdom .-  207,226.65 ' _,  Balances due by Banks and Banking Correspondents else- -i  where than in Canada and the United Kingdom. - (In \  U.S., $3,839.597.24) .'  3,892,026.83 ,  Dominion and Provincial Go-rernment securities not ex- -'  ceeding market value " V. .'?7:T.\l. 2,480,446.72 ;  Canadian Municipal Securities, and British, Foreign and "j*  Colonial public securities other than Canadian  5,251,321.38 J?  Railway'and other Bonds, Debentures and Stocks, not ex- - -ig  ceeding market value '.........." ���������������������������_-���������. 5,055,106-27 {*  Call Loans in Canada on Bonds, Debentures and Stocks .. 5,175,048.49 }  Call Loans elsewhere than in Canada   '.. .. 2,651,404.32 'i  $40,960,486.84  /f  Other Current Loans and Discounts" in Canada (less rebate -���������������&  of interest)  .'..'  .: ��������� -48,835,565.38 %  Other  Current  Loans  and  Discounts elsewhere   than  in ���������*���������������  Canada (less rebate of interest)  .  203,125.72 - ^  Liabilities  of  customers  under  letters  of   credit  as  per <���������!?;  contra  1,029,702.00   r  Real Estate other than bank premises  177,186.29 >���������*  Overdue debts (estimated loss provided for)  164,363.18   I:  Bank Premises, at not more than cost, less amounts written e  off i ��������� ���������  4,507,782.34   |  Deposit with the Minister for the purposes of the Circulation Fund  345,000.00  Other Assets not included in the foregoing  138,151.32. ,���������  ':- ��������� }&$&   $96,361,363.07 "=  -"==*-~* =   4,  K. W. BLACKWELL, E. F. HEBDEN, ������  Yid-PraiAtnt. Gtntrvi Uaaagtr.    >  ���������>  Report of the Auditors to the Shareholders oi the Merchants Bank of Canada.  In accordance with the provision* ot Sub-sections 19 und 20 ot Section 56 ot the Bunk  Act,' wc report to the Sh������reholdej-������ at follows:��������� -  VVe have examined the above Balance Sheet with the Books of Account and other  records of the Dank al the Chief Office and with the s*<ncd return* from the Branches  and A������cncies. , , " , ,  Wc have checked the cash and verified the securities of the Bank at the Chief Office }  against the entries in retard thereto in the books of the Bank as on April 29lli, 1916.  and at a different time duriag the year, and loood them to a������rce with such entries. We  hare also attended al tome ot the Branches daring the yam- and checked the cash and  verified the toctirities held at the dates of our attendance aed found them to agrae x\ ith  the entries in the books of the Bank with redard thereto.  We have obtained all the information and eiplanationa we have required. In our  opinion the traoaactions of the Bank which have come under our notice hove been within the powers of the Bank, and the above Balance Sheet is properly drawn up so as lo  exhibit a true and corrrct view ot the state of the Bank's affairs according to the best of  our information and the explanations given to us and as shown hy the bootcaolthe Bank.  VIVIAN HARCOURT, of Deloitle. Pender. Griffiths &. Co. I  .    ... ,.  J. REID HYDE, of Macintoai & Hyde f *���������*������*"  Montreal, 23rd May, 1916.  -  She  Had  Him Trained  "William !" she shouted in a voice  fit to command a. regiment, "take  your feet off the table this-very instant!"  "Margaret, .I want you to know,"  ho said, in a voice that was surcharged with manly determination, "that  there is but one person in the world  that .1 will allow to talk to me in that,  way."  With an irate mien she arose and  looked into his eyes.  "And who is that, sir, may I ask?"  she thundered.  "Why, you. my dear,"' he gently  answered, as.he removed his feet from  the tablc.-rNew.York Globe.  -The Heroic French School Teacher  Some day, when peace reigns and  the story of the great war is written,  there will be a, chapter devoted to the  courage of school teachers who amid  bursting shells have held their classes  in order that the youth ,of French  might not be neglected in their  studies. Rheims, constantly under  bombardment by the Germans, continues its educational service to its  children. In (he champagne cellars  the school teachers of Rheims are  sheltering from the dangers of the ,  streets more than 1,1,000 children and  offering them the possibilities of continuing their studies.���������New York  Press. '  gttgffiawiawmjwu. n������r^t.f^������rjWU*3OTgB^  *���������������-^mx<nm**.^'!&S^E!j���������!!!~^���������^^*Z!g!!l!Bi������  T^rr,  ���������twy^otq^ ������up ffit  :> ���������-/'  - '/v'  wwu-riiir^Mv^ju^j^^j-p^^  -w  ���������**r?r  BHH  imii^j MiM>asU"ii  -T-,  i.    * .V-"  's  -}'  V,-"   ii-->  r 1 is.is. ������ ^."v3j  IJBPE'     GAZETTE." : HEDLEY.      B.      CT  "���������?.'������:  EXCELS!  INSURANCE  COMPANY  An  Exclusively   Canadian   Company  Assets  Over  Four   Million   Dollars  An Excelsior Policy is a Money Saver.  Get One To-day.  For  nearly 60 years,   Edwardsburg  "Silver Gloss" has been the standby.  In one pound packages- and six pound fancy enamelled tins.  THE   CANADA   STARCH   CO.   LIMITED 236  MONTREAL,      ,   CARDINAL, BRANTFORD,      " FORT WILLIAM.  Makers of "Crown Brand" and "Lllu White" Corn Syrups and Benson's Corn Starch.  i������!H������������������������������BffltJii<iWr^^  '   The   Island   of   Nauru  lJust south of the equator and some  Ivo,   hundred   miles   ftom  its   nearest  jigltbot (Ocean   fsland) is the Island  Kauui, so small that< it doesn't ap-  "m at all in many atlases, but so  Jch in its phosphate beds and cocoa-  Jut palms that in 1913 it expoitcd  Joout .f.2,000,'000 woith of phosphate  jnd copia.  Freezing   Excludes    Impurities  I Expciiments   have   shown   that   in  Ice/.mg ice excludes eighty per cent.  If impuiilies    fiom watet, and  .that  Jroiagc o"f ice fiuthei reduces the bac  rria it contains.  , Tans aie cairied h.v men and women  Jf every rank in China. It is a com-  Jlimcnt to invite a fnend or distin-  lui^hcd guest to write some sentiment  In'the host's fan as a memento of any  Special occasion.  tov evei������y-  dhd BIECHEATION  Wbrii hy eveyy nteniliet-  of the family  Strange Arab Foes  Turks'   Ignorant     Ally   Has     Strange  Customs  and One Virtue  The Arab fighting with' the Turks  in Mesopotamia has some curious  ways. He takes off his shoes ^vhen  he enter a house, but keeps on his  hat. He leads and writes from right  to left. He eats scatccly anything  for breakfast or dinner, but in the  evening he sits down to a hot meal  swimming in oil. His sons eat with  him, but the ladies of the household  wait till the males have finished. The  Arab lides a donkey when travelling,  his wile walking behind, and. he  laughs at tho idea of giving up his  seat for a woman. The Arab has one  stiong virtue, and that is, he is rarely  seen drunk. He is not very affectionate, is veiy ignorant, and has so little  initiative that he iarely takes on anything worth doing, or attempts to  cany out any enterprise. ,  Relief from Asthma. Who can de-  sc'iibe the complete lelief from suffering which follows tho use of Dr. J. D.  Kellogg's Asthma "Remedy? Who can  ocpiess the feeling of joy that comes  when its soft and gentle influence le-  lieves the tightened, choking air tubes '  Tt ha3 made asthmatic affliction' a  thing of tho past for thousands. It  never fails Good druggists everywhere  have sold it for" years.  SOLD BY ALL GOOD SHOE DEALERS  Portugal's Wealth  Three-fifths of the people of Poitu-  gal are engaged m agriculture. The  chief exports are wine���������of which fhe  British Isles impoit about $5,000,000  worth and "Fiance a similar quantity  ���������cork, cattle, sardines, fruit and cop-  ppi. Poitugal's resources, which are  veiy uch, lemain unwoiked because  of the scarcity of coal.  l"Hg NEWrtENCH REMEDY, N.I N������2 N.S.  rrsat^jccesi, cuaus ciiro..ic \ve\K(.F5S lost vicok  ft   VIM   KIOSKV     BLADDER    DIifcASTS    BLOOD    POISON.  TILE5     EITHER   NO   DRUGGIbTb or M ML JI    PO=T  ������ CT3  , FOUGKRA CO   U0   DEFKVAS ST   !!I������U >OKkorLYMA\ BPOS  rORONTO      WHITE FOR FREE BOO-f TO Dp    LE CLERC  Med Co iIavfrsiockRd.Hamfstud,London E.so.  IRYM-.H. DRAGEE ITAST!-LESS) I-ORMOl'    nsv   TOTAKB  _"a^l LASTING CURS.  tZ* JII\T TRADE MARKED WORD * 1 Ht KAPION ' IS OH  BKIT.GOW  SlA-ir A*tl\ED lO ALL GLNOINE PACKtlS.  The most obstinate coins and warts  fail to resist Hollo way's Corn Cure.  Try it.  At least 73 per cent, of the catching  ing power oi the East Coast fishing  i'let are engaged mine-sweeping and  patrolling the coast.  "T understand," said Mis Twickcn-  bmy, "that Germany has invented a  new and pov.eiiul expletive."���������Christian Register.  Enviable Position .  Of Merchants' Bank  Annual  Report Shows That This Bank  is Constantly Being Placed on a  Stronger   Financial   Basis  The "Merchants Bank rcpoit for  twelve months ending April 29, 191G,  shows a veiy material strengthening  of its-position. While improving its  already veiy considerable percentage  of quick assets, the Bank naturally  had to sulfer a deciease of profits.  These however ha^e'becn better than  might have been supposed and were,,  sufficient to pay the rcgulai dividends  even after hbeial contnbutions lo  Patriotic and Red Cross Funds, and  the payment of almost Sixty Eight  thousand Uollais as War Tax" on Gh-  culation.  Including the balance brought forward fiom last year of two hundred  and forty-live thousand dollars, the  Net Profits after full provision for all  charges, etc., amounted, fo almost  twelve hundred thousand dollars.  While the Shareholders -will feel  specially giatified at this, the public  af large will rejoice especially at the  very large percentage of the quick  assets, 'which amount to .H0,960,486,  being in excess of 50 per cent of the  Bank's total liabilities to the public.  Of this amount no Jess than sixteen  millions are in coin, Dominion notes  and other cash equivalents.  As an indication of improved conditions, one notes an expansion of about  one million and a half in-Loans and  discounts���������in Canada, and a similar  amount in Call Loans, while notes  in circulation have increased by about  twelve bundled thousand dollars. Deposits are ��������� at high water mark standing at 72 millions, almost 10 millions  moie than in 1915.  Tt-' is of interest to note that the  fifty million -mark in deposits was  passed by this Bank only in 1910���������  so that in the six years an improvement in this head of almost 50 per  cent, is noted.  The repoit is another proof that  War conditions are not without their  compenspfions as now that the first  shock is over conditions are notably  better than piciious to Aug. 4th, 1914.  secute  First Aid Work  by  Cut out cathartics and purgatives.   They ar������  brutal-harsh-unnccessary. 1 ry  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  Purely vegetable. Att  Kently on thelner,  eliminate bile,and  soothe thedeli-  catemembiane  ofthcbowel  Care Con  ttlipr'fui,  P&aus-  Sick Headache and Indigestion, a: milliont knoa.  SmalS PHI, Small DoBe, Small Price,  Genuine must bear Signature  f������te^&mw&'imm&?wwmv&&  $1,G00JEWARB  FOR  A CASE OF  INCURABLE CONSTIPATION .  - To any poison who cannot be cured  of Constipation by Dr. Hamilton's  Pills, the above" reward will be paid.  No medicine gives such la&ting satisfaction or efteets such marvellous  cuies as Dr. Hamilton's Pills. Relief  instantly follows their use. That  blinding headache r.oes forever, that,  fevctish feeling in the skin is soothed  av ay, bilious fits and stomach dis-  01 dei������ are stopped.  '"*  Don't be neivous about using Dr  Hamilton's Pills, they aie mild  enough for a child to iiao, yet ceitain  and effective in action in the most  cluonic ca'-es. Get a 25e. box today;  fhev biing and keep lobiiot good  health.  Shoe Dressing  Especially n dap tod  for T.ndier and Children's Shoes, produce*  the blackest and moat  brilliant shine of any  self-shiuinjf dressing  made. Contains nothing injurious and  is tlie the only dressing of its kind that  contains oil to .soften  and preserve the  lea tli cr.  Makes Old Shoes look  like New   Used largely  in  Shoe Factories foi  "finish Ing new   work.  AT ALL DEALERS  3 d.iiveyiiyi*AiiB������  The Great English Remedy.  1 ones and invigorates tho whole  nervous system, makes new Blood  la old \eins. Cures Nervous  Debility, Mental and Brain. Worry. Vcsporv.  dency. Loss of linerpy. Palpitation cf the  Jtleait, Failing Memory. Price $1 per box, sir  forSS. One "will rlease, pis will cure. Sold by all  druggists or mailed la plain, pkg. on rrceipl of  price Nrw pamphlet mailed free. THE "JVOOEB  |������iEB"C"-"E CO.������T0S0tiT0,0HT.  (fsracrly WlndurJ  \mwxauatmns������KMaa&*az  ihgiiig: Back the Frontier  . _ _���������__ To ���������   Four Full Days  :: IN ::  PRIZES  For Frontier Canadian Championships   and   Horse   Races  Tha   Hun   Navy  Hithcifo the mam German fleet has  \entitled fiom port only to attempt  burned raids on th- Butish coast and  d 'don honi"1 boiuie the British ships  could com ��������� up '"hi one of these exclusions the Germans weie caught  and paid cleaily. losing n good cruiser.  Twice the Biiti-h have challenged  them it' the veiy entrance of the bay  of Heligoland and 0:1 the first of these  inclusions a hea\y toll-ww^ taken of  Get man light ciuiseis and dostioyers  with very little loss to the British,  'the German coast has been closely  blockaded and the German people  Iidac been biousht close to famine in  consequence. -Biitish naval supremacy has been complete and unchal"'  longed, and cvciy Briton has believed  that naval -victory was ceitain whenever the German fleet could be forced  or coaxed  into th" open sea to fight.  It cannot be said that all this has  been changed by the battle off the  coaot of Jutland"���������Fiom the Buffalo  liKpiess*  A Bedouin Wonder  Bedouin Guide, in the service of  the Btitish Aimy, is reported as knowing oveiy track fiom Cairo to Tuikey.  He is over sixty years of age. He  also possesses magic power over camels, when their rideis foil to keep them  going, the Bedouin, it is said, touches  them with a wand dipped in water,  and instantly they leap to their feet  and sail av\ay.  Simple and Sure.���������Dr. Thomas'  Electric Oil is so simple in application  that a child can understand the instructions. ' Used as a liniment the  only direction is to rub, and when  used as a dressing to apply. The diiec-  tions are so plain and unmistakable  that they arc "readily understood by  young oi  old.  Valuable  Work  Being  Carried  on  the C. P. R. Centre  "A most successful year,- notwithstanding the general depression.-" This  is the pleasing statement contained in  the sixth annual icport of the Canadian Pacific Railway Centre of the  St. John Ambulance Association. Foi  the twelve months, ending September  30, 1915, no leas lhan 1,816 passed  qualifying examinations out of a total  of 2,501 who presented themselves for  lnsti uction at the ciasses  In all the depaitments of the C. P.  R. Centie of the Association which  spieads over the country, a greater  zeal lhan ever was manifested for  woik, and the support of the supci intending officials of the C. P. R. is in  no small way responsible for a good  deal of the advancement made. Wives  and daughters of C. P. R. employees  have taken advantage of the free  course of training offered, and now  no less than 825 ladies have taken out  the certificate of qualification from  the Association.  Under the auspices of -the C. P. R.  Centre in si ruction was given to the  Borden Battery and Ammunition Column befoie leaving Monlieal for the  front. Afterwards the certificates of  merit were presented to the officers  and men by His Royal Highness the  Duke of Connaught.  An important feature of the work of  the C. P. R. Centre was the bunging  of a laige number of lady cleiks of  the C. P. R. in touch with the Red  Cross Society, an oiganization to  ���������which they pioved a valuable asset.   -  Three men were saved from drowning at Winnipeg by W. T. Davies. C.  P. R. ambulance instructor, and William Ncwcombe, C. P. R constable.  Sir Donald Cameion presented the  medal of the Royal Canadian Humane  Society to each in lccognition of their  bra veiy.  Particulais ivere obtainable of 3,780  cases wheie fust aid had been administered .by members of the C. P. R.  Centre. The cases weie thus divided  Atlantic Centie, 9; Eastern Division,  UO, Ontauo Division, 13G; western  lines, 3,440.  Concluding tho report tho C. P. R.  Centre pays a glowing tribute to the  late Lieutenant-Colonel Lacy R. Johnson, who had been chairman of the  Centre under review and also of the  whole Association. Duiing his time as  chanman nearly 7,000 employees of  the C. P. R. passed the qualifying examinations, and in this way made  themselves better citizens of the Dominion.  A ���������tmlelittorrreird ffcnsroan  f,!fer from nn eatabllnliod  nrm Ws xro riving a*a/  Yk'&trhcs to thoufl&tida r><  iwoplo sll orcr tho  world ca a httno  Mlfjitlnonicnt. Nov  U yonr ch&nM to  obtain one. Writ a  now, enclosing ii  canU for otia of oar  fujhloaabla Ladlad*  I.onff Cluu-dr, or  Osntd* Alberta, unft  CArrlago raid to t*mt ������  with tlio -nfttcli. which."  will bo (Iron Free'  (the��������� iratalioa &re  irnarAnU'txt nvo yetin.}.  should you taKU &cl.  vguiUl*-4 of our mind*  __.         T/o   ospoct   raa   lo   tall   roar   ������rlcu<U t  Ubout * tui ind show thsm tho beivatlf u! watch.  Don't talrik thin offer too food to bo trn������. bat ������������i4  35 cent* to day and jraln a Froo Wi.irh. Yom  will bo aniM-ed ���������WIIXIA113 & T-LOTl>. Wholesale  Jewsllora (Dent US ). 83, Comwallli Eood. loadou, EU.  EntUai. . '     ' a  ���������Cr"  -weser=rr  LITTLE' -': . .  THINGS COUNT'  Even in a match you should  consider the "Little Things,''  the wood���������the" composition���������  the   slrikeability���������the   flame.  Western City War Census  As a basis for urging the men of  Winnipeg to rally to the colors a voluntary committee made a canvas of  the city and as a lesult they state  that there aie only 4,500 single men  and vvidoveis without children, between the ages of 18 and 45 years in  Winnipeg, who are eligible as recruits,  accotding to the military registration  census which has just been completed  Of the total 1,533 are of Canadian and  1,846 of British biitb, 204 of American,  266 of Allies,    and 535 of enemv  na-  The  Bust  The bust has been favoiably known  fiom time immemorial.   It is common  to pedestals, autos and some financial j ttons.  experts.    It can  be  obtained  at anyi "*"       '      ~* .  saloon.   Every country cluutig a panic1 Bullets in the Brain  either has one or comes near it���������Life, I     I   have   seen    two    soldier  Minard's  Friend.  Liniment  A Tip From Sister  Jack���������I'm in a quandary, sis. I want  to piopose to Ifabcl, but I'm not sure  she'd accept me. His sister (who  knows)���������Jack, you're like tho letter  ''b"���������in doubt when there's no need  of it.���������Boston Tiansciipt.  with  shiapnel bullets in their brains, sit-  Lumberman's ting up in bed.talking and laughing  v.ith their friends. Is theic no'limit  to the -maivel-. of modem surgery?"  ivutcs an oidcrly in one of the London  hospitals.  Many  of Them   Do  "Did you say he lived in New York  day in and day out?"  "Xo, day in and night out."���������Judge.  are made of strong .dry pin������  stems, with a secret perfected  composition that guarantees  "Every Match A Light." -65  years of knowing how���������that's  the reason!  AH Eddy products   are de>  pendable products���������Always.  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS    **  Something better than linen and big laundry  bill*>     Wash   it  with  soap   and  water.     All  stores  or direct.     State  style and  size. ��������� Vot  25c. we will mail you.  TDE ARLINGTOS COMPAKT Oj?  CANADA. jLimiied  Set Fraser Avonuo, Toronto, Onisri������ '  Unfinished Work  What a sickening sense of failura  the Germans will teel if they make  peace and leave a million babies un-  strafed and un-Zeppelined in England.���������New York Sun.  There recently entered a Washington shop a dusk}' person who announo  ed that he wished to purchase a razor  '"Safety?" asked the clerk.  "No, suh," vv as the decided respons'  "I desires it for social usage."  Ask for Minard's and take no other.  Value of Fresn Air  One of the chief essentials to good  health is a constant supply of pure  und wholesome air. This is as ncces-  saiy in the home as in the office or  factoiy. The open window, the outside sleeping balcony and living in the  open air. all tend to shengthen the  constitution and build up the nervous  system. For this leasou too much attention cannot be paid to the ventilation oi buildings^ A supply of pure,  fresh air pay's; .from a,monetary standpoint. Roughly speaking, an increase  in production of. ten per cent is not-  unusual in the average office, shop  or warehouse, following the installation of a ventilating system. Fresh  air, therefore, properly circulated, is  un essential factor even in successful  fuclorv management.  oh-All'Railroads  An exciting Wild Western Holiday, full of Fun and Adventure. Featuring  the   World's   Champion   Bucking Horse   Riders  This is YOUR Invitation  A. P. Day, Manager. E. J. McMillan, Secretary.  Write   either   for   information   or   Reserve   Scats  MuFfled   Propeller's  The noise made by an airship's* propellers has been a serious handicap  to members of the'flying corps of tlie  Allied forces. This, however, it is  now stated, will be considerably lessened, if not entirely done away with  by an apparatus which has been invented by an Italian officer. A successful test of the device ��������� was made  in a recent raid on Trent. An Italian  airship' witli .muffled propellers was  able to fly undetected at an altitude  sufficiently low to ensure hitting the  targets aimed at. Thus bombs'were  thrown on the station, which was  wrecked on the barracks, where numerous sleeping soldiers were ��������� killed*  aiid on the Grand hotel, used as military  headquarters. "  ������r.Cassell's Tablets are tue Proved Remedy.  Take them for all Kidney & Urinary Tjroabies.  Keep  house.  Minard's    Liniment    in    the  Comforting  "T   like   church."    "Why?"   "Well,  it's  comforting to  see one  man  keep  so many women quiet an hour."  nsaaa  A camel's hind legs will reach  head, round its chest or on to  hum p.  W.  U.    "I'M?  In these trying complaints Dr. Cassell's Tablets  are of proved" value. They restore perfect efficiency  to the kidneys by nourishing the nerves which  control kidney action, and thus enable the system  to get rid of uric acid and other impurities which are the cause  of Urinary Troubles, Dropsy, and Rheumatism.  Dr. Chas. Forshaw, D.Sc, F.C.S., etc., the well-known  scientist, says : " I have thoroughly tested Dr. Cassell's Tablets,  and can conscientiously recommend fhem as an eminently safe  and effective remedy for all forms of nerve and bodily weakness. My knowledge of Dr. Cassell's Tablets leads me to the  opinion that the ingredients form a remarkably potent medicine,  quite safe for young and old in cases of nervous prostration,  debility, anaemia, loss of flesh, malnutrition, children's weakness, sfpinal and nerve paralysis, and many forms of stomach  and kidney troubles."  Dr. Cassell's Tablets raise the vital standard of the entire  system, and thus promote kidney health and general health  when other means fail. .        .  Dr. Cassell's Tablets are Nutritive. Restorative, Alterative,  and Anti-Spasmodic, and of great Therapeutic value in all  derangements of the Nerve and Functional Systems in old or  young.   They are the recognised home remedy for Nervous  Breakdown, Nerve and Spinal Paralysis, Infantile Paralysis,  Rickets, St. Vitus'- Dance, Anaemia, Sleeplessness, Kidney  Disease, Dyspepsia, Storhach Catarrh, Brain Fag, Headache,  Palpitation,  Wasting Diseases, Vital Exhaustion, Loss of.  Flesh,   and   Premature   Decay..    Specially   %'aluable   for  Nursing Mothers and' during the Critical Periods of Life.  ^uaM^  . Druggists and Dealers throughout Canada sell Dr. Cassell's  Tablets. If not procurable in your city send to the sole agents,  Harold F. Ritchie. & Co., Ltd,, 10, McCaul Street, Toronto;  one tube 50 cents, six tubes for the price of five-.  ' Sole Proprietors:���������Dr. Cassell's Co., Lid., Maneliesier, Kno.  mn  Send your name and address  and <; cents for postags, etc., to  Harold F. Ritchie &- Co., Ltd.,  10, McCaul Street, Toronto, and  a generous sample will be mailed  yoM fret oj charge.  p%-&sra(^*ff  S3SPfK  -r^f**!,  m&0^A  ^���������jlliiSi^  r*fc'*'^v;v.!,,V;:  ' uail THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.   . C.  'mi  "The Big Store"  General  Merchants  KEREMEOS, B. C.  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of all  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing lana, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremeos, B.C.  Cbe Ibedley <&mtte  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions In Advance  Per Year ������2.00  "   (United States)  2.50  Advertising Rates  Measurement. 12 lines to the inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, ������1.25 for one insertion, 25 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over one inch,  12 cents per line for first insertion and 8  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  91.25; over 1 inch and up to 4 inches, S1.00 J  per inch per month. To constant advertisers  taking larger space than four inches, on  application, rates will be given of reduced  charges, based on size of space and length  of time.  Certificate of Improvements .' S10.00  (Where more than one claim appears  in notice, ������2.50 for each additional  claim.)  Jas. "W. Grieb, Publisher.  Hedley, B. C. Aug. 10, 191G.  "He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me."  The flamboyant orator   and  other platform parrots without  either  constructive or destructive ideas'are blaming the "subsidized ���������press" for all the political, economic, and  social  ills  of the province.    In forty-three  years of newspaper experience,  working in every department  of a printing   office,   we  have  failed to discover the "subsidized  press."   Every publisher in the  province knows that conditions  could  be   bettered,   but   how?  In the mining districts of B. C,  there1 are  two hostile camps���������  employers and employees���������due  in   many   cases   to   intolerant  minejmanagers on one hand, and  insane  socialists  on the other.  Both are importations: the dollar chasers of the United States,  who know no law and respect  no law; and the brain-cracked  socialists from Europe, who imagine that all profits should be  divided    among    the   workers  without taking into  consideration the cost  of developing  a  property to the dividend-paying  stage.    If the  editor  criticises  the workers for excessive demands, he "is subsidized and has  been slipped a hunered or two  by the boss.    We'll run him out  of the  camp."   If he  criticises  the management he's  an  "anarchist, a socialist and  is driving capital out of the country,"  and   is  blacklisted  by   all   the  dollar chasers.    When the difficulty is settled the English language ^is  seldom  heard in  the  camp, and we all get out broke.  It is the same with politics. The  press is always subsidized. Now  we want to make  a plain statement���������the man who stands on  a public platform and says that  any   of  the   printer-publishers  of the  interior of   B.  C.  have  been   induced   to   change   the  polisy of their papers  through  government  patronage or subsidies, is a deliberate liar.   This  requires no proof.   They have  never been discovered with the  goods on them; they don't show  it in their clothing or mode of  living.  A   prohibition   meeting  wtis  held in the Opera  house Tuesday evening.    Rev. R. Williams  occupied the chair, and O" ;an-  izer Hardy did  the spell-binding.     Mr.   Hardy   is   a   fluent  talker, and  has  his  fact-  and  near facts   well  in   hand.    He  occasionally mistakes noise for  hnpressiveness. That, of course,  to use an expression of his own,  may be attributed  to  previous  "environment."    He  had been  a Socialist orator.    Mr.   Hardy  dealt     many     sledge-hammer  blows    at    the   liquor   traffic.  Whether they were convincing  or not depends largely upon his  audience.    It's  a far  cry from  rag-lime   to  grand   opera.     If  Mr. Hardy is an expert carpenter, his greatest economic value  to the country would probably  be in the continuous use of the  working tools  of  that  calling.  It is possible for a great cause  to be   brought  into  ridicule by  its exponents.      The  best and  strongest    arguments    against  the liquor traffic are the walking object lessons which it daily  furnishes for the public to gaze  upon.    Might just  as  well  try  to   make   the   Sermon on the  Mount clearer by an hour's har-  rangue.    Following  the   usual  custom on such occasions, a collection was taken up.  Mr. Hardy (prohibitionist)  wishes to thank the citizens of  Hedley for their strong moral  and financial support given  while staying in their city. Collection taken at the meeting  covered-all local expenses with  a margin that will be used  locally in postage for the movement.  , At the Star Theatre, August  18 and 19, "The Earl of Paw-  tucket" will be put on the screen,  the proceeds to go to the Patriotic Fund. r  T.    Wilson    is   getting   very  M. Gilbeit.  G. Wright.  A. Brown..  Zackerson.  5.00  -1.00  4.00  4.00  -1.00  4.00  5.00  4.50  1.50  3.75  IT, E. Hanson - '   XV. Mat hew   R. S. Collin   J. XV. "Wii-th   W. XV. Coi'iig.-m   L. C. Rolls   R. Boyd  3.75  P. Millett  3.75  H. P. Jones '.  5.00  T. C. Poi-Leous    :  4.50  G. W. Wit-t-men ' 4,50  S. C. Knowles  4.00  E. H. Simpson  -1.00  T.  Henderson  4.00  H. T. Rainbow  4.50  G. Knowles  5.00  G. Stevens  4.75  T. R. Willey  4.00  J. G. Webster ' 5,00  R. Clate  4.00  J. ILivdman  4.00  T. E. Biii-ms  4.00  M. Mc.Lcod '. 4.50  Geo. Walker  3.75  R. L. Jones '... 4.00  A. F. Loomer  3.75  A. J. King  4.00  A. Beam  4.00  F. Bentley  3.50  Ed. Hossack -  3.50  A. W. Harper  3.50  J. Gaaie  3.50  J. Jamieson  4.00  W.  Knowles  5.00.  W. AV. McDougall  3.50  J.Donnelly  3.75  T. L. Terry ' 3,50  Leo Btovvn...:  3.50  G. E. McOlui-e  3.50  D. Ctu-ry  3.50  XV. Robertson  3.75  Jos. Whyte  3.50  F. Decai-io..-  3.50  A. Sandbeig :. 3.50  D. Henderson  3.50  w*  ^  En^Sewoed  General  Merchandise  KEREMEOS CENTER.  satisfactory results frOm development work on the New  Zealand group, N. P. Hill.  Chickens foe Sale���������Year-  old laying hens, thoroughbred  white-legged Wyandottes; some  early'May pullets, will lay this  fall. J-. Murdoch, Stirling creek.  MONTHLY REPORT  Hedley Patriotic Fund Committee  The Hedley Patriotic Funds  committee submit the following  report covering collections made  for the month of June. If your  name does not appear your  subscription has not been received during the month. In  some cases subscriptions are  paid in advance and' have previously been acknowledged. If  you are in arrears please hand  your subscription to the Treasurer. Collections made as per  list, month of June, $9J5.70. Of  this amount $153.S5 was subscribed for the Hedley Enlisted  Men's Fund. The balance,  $791.85, was subscribed for the  Canadian Patriotic Fund.  Following will show the  amounts remitted to the Canadian Patriotic Fund:  R. Anderson.  A. Appleton..  A. Ross   N. Stechishin.  D. Sweeney..  G. R. Allen...  T. Bysouth...  L. Basso   W. Bin-rows..  J. R. Brown..   -  4.00    3.50    3.50    3.50    3.50    4.50    4.25    4.25    4.25    4.25  J. Bloomberg  3.75  E..Beig '   J. Coulthiud   J. Casey   W. Constantine   Miss McKinnon....  CJ. McE.-tchi-on   Miss Roche'; '.   J. D. Brass   R. J. Edniond;   F. H. French   W. A. McLean ���������.  Jas. Stewart   Miss L. Bealo   Miss K. C. Halliday  Miss Ida Toinpkins..,  John Mairhofei-   MissE. Ohu-e   James Cbu-ke   James Critehley ,  4.00  5.00  2.00  5.00  3.00  5.00  5.00  2.00  1.00  2.00  3.50  5.00  2.00  2.50  1.00  Heaieu Tradin  <"iiS  Flower Vases  Teapots  Tumblers  Water Pitchers  The Daly Reduction On     200.00  R. J. Coi-rigan   S. E. Hamilton....  B. Rolls-.   H. Rose   Rev. R. Williams..  A. J. McGibbon...  Geo. Lyon   Geo Shelder   4.00  10.00  5.00  5.00  1.00  2.50  10.00  10.00  Hedley's Contingent  J. Dragoes.  4.25  4.75  4.75  4.00  4.25  3.75  3.75  4.25  3.75  4.25  4.25  October, 1914. .  January, 1916..  February, 1916.  March, 1916   April, 1916   May, 1916   June, 193 6   $1001 75  597 00  772 00  752 75  747 50  * 747 95  791 85  . $5410 80  C. P. Dallon,  Sec.-Treas.  We  hereby  certify   that   we  have  examined  the  books and  accounts of the Hedley Patriotic  Funds  Committee and find the  above statement to be  correct.  H. D. Barnes   "1 ������    -,.,  F. M. G.ILLESPIE/Aud-t01'S-  PAYROLL DEDUCTIONS, JUNK, 10IG.  XV. Sampson  $ 3.50  M. L. Gezon  5.00  Friend  8.00  B. XV. Knowles.  4.50  Win. Lonsdale  [0.00  0. E. Prior...  5.00  A. Ohiie    . 4.50  S. L. Smith  4.00  G. E. French  3.50  John Smith  4.50  P. Murray ,  6.00  Joe DeGroe   O. Fran/.en   J. Grieve   J. Galilzky   M. Gillis   H. Grenquisb   R. Humbly.       4.25  J. A. Holland       5.00  J. Hancock       4.25  W. Humbly       5.00  J. Hossack      3.75  P. Johnson       4.25  S. Johns       5.00  P. R. Johnson       3.75  C. G. Johnson       4.25  L. Johns       4.25  O. Lindgren       3.75  L. S.  AIoiTison       5.75  H. H. Mcssinger       4.25  W. Mitchell       1.S5  G. Malm       3.75  J. Martin '  4.25  A. Nicholson  4.75  K. O. Peterson  5.00  G. Piideaux ;... 10.00  "R. Ponitt  4.25  Fred Pearce  3.75  D. Rankin  2.00  A. Rawnsley  4,25  B. Rescors  4.25  Geo. Ransom  4.25  W. Ray .'  4.00  C. Rause.,  4.75  .1. Roden  2.75  J. Snell  4.25  Ole Scrcenes  5.("()  W. J. Stewait  5.75  S, Swanson  4.25  Swan Svveedling  3.75  C. A. Selquist  3.75  Bob Slillim  ....... 4.25  Casper Steen.. *.  . 3.75  W. W. Savage  3.5  J. Thomas    4.25  A. Taddis  i.op  A. AV. Vance , 4.75  J. Williamson ;  3.75  F. Williams   .1.00  D. AVerry  2.00  Fk.  VVyberg  3,75  F C Chapman..;...;  3.75  F Carlson  4.25  S Dogadin  3.75  Following is the.list of the men who  have gone to the   front   from Hedley.  The   Gazelle   publishes   thorn  in  the  hope that our readers will  not   fail to  remember these brave, fellows who are  fighting   our   battles   for   us.    Write  ihem a lebfev occasionally   to let them  know .you   tire   keeping "The   Home  Fires     Burning. '   Addresses    gladly  furnished on request.  Pte. Sid Edwards (Killed in Action)  L. C, Blah Mills (Killed in Action)  . Pte. W. Fullmer  "   J. Stapleton  "   J. Frame  "   Tom Coi-t-igan  "   Ebenzei- Vans, (Died in Hospital)  "   Roy Coii-igan  "   N. B. Eivai't  "   Bobby Robertson  "   Jack Howe  "   Dati Dev.-me  "   Dan nolleinore  -   "   J. T. N. Hopper  "   Artliiii' Coles  "   Bert Schubert  Corp.    Frank Dolleinoi-e  "   M. J. Meher, (Yoikie)  L.-Corp. T. C. Knowles  Pte. Rod McDougall  "   R. James  "   M. H. L. Jacombs  "   E. J. Rotherhain  "   Arthur Freeman  "   C. Christiana  "   J. Coirigari  Gunner Chas. Saunders  Pte. A. P. Martin  Sergeant A. W. Jack  Pie. T. Calvert  "   W. Liddicotl  "   George Boxall  "   W. Tucker  "   Fred Beck  2nd Lieut. A. E. Den man  Pte. J. McOlinlock  "   A. B. S. Stanley  "   Homer McLean.  Pioneer Nick Pickard.  Pte J M Donovan.  Pte Wm Burroughs.  S^o   the^   VWlnclcr-iA/,  i^remi'-'MWf^  fleflleD Trading 60. Ltd.  HEDLEY GAZETTE  JOB DEPARTMENT  WHEN YOU ARE IN NEED OF-  Lefcterheads  Billheads  Envelopes  Statements  Meal Tickets  Milk Tickets  Ball Programs  Posters  TRY US ==  Dodgers, Dates'*  Circulars -\   .    , -  Invitations  Business Cards1  Bills of Fare  Memo Heads -  Butter Wrappers  Visiting Cards  WE GIVE SATISFACTION  Dates of Fall Fairs  The department of agriculture has  issued tho following fall fair dates for  season 1916:  cntcurr 3  Chillivvack...1 Sept.   13-15  Aldeigrove Sept..15  Matsqui : Sept  10  Langley Sept 1������-  Richmond Sept-19  Richmond ". .Sept 20  Burqiiillam Sept 21  CIRCUIT 4  Bai-i-iere Sept 13  Hefley Creek Sept 1415  Piitchaid '. R.ept   19  SIMILKAMEEN LAND DISTRICT.  C E Eiicson   Clans Eric-son ,  W. T. Grieves "  G. Southain... .���������   A'. Ny boi-g   W. Sutherland   W. Ttezona   HEDLKY���������TOWN LIST.  XV. J. Ooi'iiiack   J. K, Fi-aser.. '.   G. P. Jones   John Beale    G. A. Riddle   H. D. Barnes   C. P. Dalton.   A. T. Horswell   F, M. Gillespie [  A. Winkler .'  J. Jackson   T. H. Rothei-h.-im   W, T.Butler...: ['.]  C. Barnum   4.25  3.75  4.25  3.75  3.75  4.25  4.25  :   3.50  5.00  20.00  3.00  3.00  5.00  4.50  3.00  10.00  5.00  5.00  5.00  3.00  1.00  Take Notice Lhat RichnrdL. Cawston, the younger, of Keremeos, cuttle  rancher, intends to apply for permission to lease the following described  lands: Commencing at ti post planted  one mile north of the north-east .-ingle  of Lot 2036s; thence north 80 chains;  thence west 40 chains; thence south  80 chains; thence east 40 chains containing three hundred and twenty  acres. RICHARD L. CAWSTON, Jr.  Dated July 10th 1910  Kamloops.- Sept 20-22  Salmon A-mi Sept 22-23  Kelowna ScpL 26-26  Arm strong  Scpl 28-2  Eagle River (Malakwn) Oel 3  CIUCUIT 5  Gateway '     ScptS  Cranbi'ook Sept 0-7  Windeiinei-e...: Sept 12-13  Golden Sept 15  Pi-uilvale Sept 18  Tlie Nickel Flats  Barter shod  . SATISFACTORY, SANITARY  ������������������il  TONSORIAL SERVICER  This shop" it equipped with  Baths and all the latest  Electrical  Appliances.  W.T.BUTLER, - Prop J  Trail.-.  Nelson ....  Boswell.. ...  Grand Forks.  Greenwood..   Sept 19-20  ......... 2022  ........Sept 22  .....Sept.25-26   Sept 27  FAINTING  PflPER-fiflNGING    I  KflLSOMININfr  TERMS MODERATE ji  DALY AVE.  tjEDLEY, B,Ci *i  STMILKAMEEN LAND DISTRICT.  Take Notice that Henry A. Baiculo  of Keremeos, entile rancher, intends  to apply for pe;-mission to lease the  following described hinds<:���������Commencing nt a post planted at the south-east  angle of Lot 1469s; thence south 40  chains; thenco oast SO chains; thence  north 40 chains; thence west 80 chains  to the point of commencement, and  containing three hundred and twenty  acres. HENRY A. BAROELO.  Duled July 5th, 1916.  SIMILKAMEEN  LAND  DISTRICT.  Take Notice that Henry A. Bfircelo  of Keremeos, cattle rancher, intends  to apply for permission to lease the  following described hinds: Coiiiimenc-  ing at a post planted at the north east  angle of Lot 2030s, thence' north 80  chains; thence west 80 chains; thence  south 80 chains thence east 80 chains  to point oi oinmencement and containing 610 acres  Dated July 10. b. 1916.  HENRY A. BARCELQ.  CIHCUIT 6  Rcvcl.stokc .Sept 21 22  Robs.on     Sept 25  Slociin City Sept- 26  New Den ver Sept 27-28  Bui-ton Sept 30  Needles Oct 3-4  Arrow Lake (Nnknsp) Oct 4 5  Ci-cston Oct 7  circuit 7  Nicohi Oct 6  Penticton Oct 9-10  Siimiiiei-lfiiul  Oct 11-12  Kubinmlkii (Oyaniii)... Oct 14  Mdti���������       60   YEARS  eXFERJENCE  Synopsis of Coal Mining* Ee^ulatio/|  ("JOAIj mining-  rights   of  the   Dominion, ',  ^      "vlaiiitobii, Saskatchewan  and  Alberl  tho Yukon Territory,  tho North-west Tor'  toricK fiiul in n portion of tho Province of B'.'i  tish Columbia, may be lutmcd for a term ,i'  twenty-ono years at an annual rontal of jl''  ncro.   Not more than 2.5G0 acres wi   be Ions K  to ono applicant. . ������������������  Application for a lease must be made by b'  applicant in poison to the Agonbor Sub-Agei,  of the district in which the rights npplietf f-.  arc situated.  Trade P/Iarkf  Designs  Gopyriohts &c  Anyonesortdlng anhotdi und rtoneilptlnn mat  ���������Illicitly ascertain our opinion froo wlicl.hor uii  Invention la p-otmbly pnt.gnt.ablo.   Communloa-  liona strictly fioiitldontlitl. HANDBOOK on Putoncs  Jc.nt, troc. Oldest auoncy mr SQcarina patents.  Pnlont.B taken tnrmi^li JUurm & Co. recotw  special notice, without chr.raa, In tha  .Vhnmlsomely illinilvnlo'l weekly,   J.nrjrost elr- ,  filiation of nny snlauURc journal. Terms, $3 o  /oar: four months, ?1.  Sold by all nonefloalors.  Branch Offler, 6V> V St. WaahinptPn. p. c.'  In Hiirvoycd territory  Ihe land must bo diH  cribed  by sections, or   legal  sub-divisions/  sections, and in un.-uirveycd territory tho trflC  applied for shall be Ktnkcd out ���������    the applica:  himself.  Each application must be accompanied byfll  "' ���������**������������������ which will bp refunded if the righl'Jl  for arp not available,  but nob otl  royalty spall bp paid op tnp rporchF  put of the niiiie at the rate of Ave c.r  per ton,  applied for arp not available, but nob othelfl  wise. A royalty spall bp paid op tlio morchaBiffl  able output of tho piine at the rate of flyo consl'  per ton, &i  Tho person operating the mine shall furnifill  thcAg-cnt with sworn returns accounting' few  tho full quantity of merchantable minol.  and pay tho royalty thereon,   I coal mii^  ing rights aro not being operated su    reti:  should be furnished at least oncp a year,  The Ipaso will incjip'o the coal mining ria  only, but the lessoo may bo pcrmittecfto i  chase vyhatovcr availaWa surface rights n,��������� .,  bo considered necessary for the working of tlvi!  mine at tho rate of $10,00 an aero Ji  For full information application should m  at tho Deimrtinonb.orS  " nny Agont or^ub.  made to tlio Secretary  the Interior, Ottawa, or  Agent of Dominion Lands,  W, \V. CORY,  Deputy Ministor of tlio Interior.  N.II.-Uniiiithorizod publicati        this advo  tlsemont will nob bo paid for. 0 6m  IM


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items