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The Hedley Gazette Aug 3, 1916

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 ,'      *��������� ' *" *?7^^V*i*J'^f-/^/v*-|'  ;   -������ib-r-v,J������i * '--���������*���������* ***^i&*$-*v/*j^  .   .. *rJ-X������Mar- iaY&h������4  ;*���������-,- f r w  ������v       -, *> -tr*5  -><*  f-M  -/*>  &&  Volume XII.   c Number 29.'  HEDLEY, B. C, ^THURSDAY, AUGUST 3,  1916.  $2^00, In-Advance  > -?<%  JnS.-6tflME.  ^. ���������_i_/__to1-_rric_R*&*r  &- ..    HEDLEY.B.'C.  ,.Clocks and Watches for Sale.,     *:.  1 ' * _<-_������___n.    __������    _������M_J������-__n    __���������_  ||Traye! by Auto:..  Call up Phone No. 12  ) A good stock of; Horses and Rigs on  \    Hand.   IT Orders for'Teaming  promptly attended to.  WOOD   FOR   SALB1  ,       *  P-AL-A6E   7 ,  |ivery, Feed & Sale, Stables  ���������t HKDI__Y   B. C  .oiieis.    /b. J; INNIS  Proprietor  Bll'THOMPS N ~      PHONE SEYMOUR 591S  Jk|"LMGR.>WKSTKRN CANADA   ' . *.   " t  l&ammell. Laird & Co.'Ltd.  II '*   - '   Steel Manufacturers  fi-'r'"'-- "���������,^^ Sheffield; Eng. ���������'-":- ?���������.--.;:  |f|Offlces and Warehouse, 847-63 Beatts* Street  . Vancouver, B.'d.       *-"'  " \ -  ���������*    *,"* '    Xl      ?1 ���������-     i        vMT     '     '/r        r-  - -   ^A.'F.'&,ATrM7      .  "   REGULAR monthly meetings of  Hedley Lodge No. A3, A. F. & ArM.,  ur   - ore hold on the seoond  Friday in  t ach month In Fraternity hall.-Hedley. Visiting  brethren aro cordially Invited to attend^  E. H..SPRQULE,- S. B. HAMILTON  _���������_ *     W. M        -       *��������� Secretary'  L. O. L.  The Regular   meeting- of  Hedley Lodge 1744 are hold on  tho flrst and third Monday-in  every month in the Orange Hall  Ladies-meet 2nd and A Mondays  Ity'si'tlng brethern are cordially invited -.  '-  "*,V. LQJJSDALI* W*M. - _.  ;H. K*H4MP0^TSe?>^.  }\' Rs. JF?.' BROWN  \l *       British Columbia Land Surveyor ' ^  Tel. No.'27  PENTICTON,.   *  R���������-r- ���������- ��������� ���������r-  P. O. Di-awkh 180".  -      B. C.  ������������������������_���������  jni  ij  jii_u .  P. W. Q-REGORV  "   CIVIL ENGINEER and BRITISH  ^ f, COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  " Star Building       -  '. Princeton  C.   E.   HASKINR  WALTER CLAYTON  |, ������LflyT0N & fiftSKINS  j      ,       gapristprs. Solicitors, Etc.  MO-TEY TQ LOAK  P1NTICT0N,  ���������������������-  Hedley Opera. House  H.J. JONES, Manager  "A large, commodious hall for  dances or other entertainment.  kfe*^ra-MraraMMfe*a*Mra*tf������v  drand Union |  Hotel        J  HEDLBY, British Columbia |  %  %  x  x  X  X  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands %  X of Liquor and Cigars ������  I ������  A,  W^KI-E-*.     Proprietor  "Ti  iAHIiET ..  9 p  All kinds of fresh and  cared meats always on  hand. Fresh. Fjsh qii  *,-il_   every   Thursday.  R, J. EDMOND, Prop  1,      in   ���������p���������-1"fc-j  _ -'-p-WOT-aMW  IREAT NORTHERN  HOTEL  HEDLEY B.C.  Bar and Table the Best.   Rates Moderate  First Class Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor  We are glad to report that  Mr. A. Robertson is feeling  much better this week.  Mr. Howard Foster of Olalla  died very suddenly last week in  the hospital at Summerland,  where he had gone to take some  horses. He complained of not  feeling very well in the evening and was taken to the hospital where he died shortly afterwards. He was 29 years of  age and leaves a widow -and  small baby.'  Saturday was visitors' day at  the Scouts's camp at Horn lake,  and among those who visited  the camp were Mrs. J. .W. Armstrong, Mrs. J. Knowles, Mr.  and Mrs. W. Mattice and family,  Mr. and Mrs. J. Thomas, the  Misses K. 0and L-. Gibson, R.  Kirby, H. Richter, J. Harrison,  Corey, Albert and Arthur Mattice,-C. Harrison,' K. Robertson.  Bennie and-Clarence Clarke.,  KEREMEOS ITEMS.  ���������_     T f. -  - 'Mr Cafmichaermade a flying  trip to Penticton on Tuesday.  Mr. A. H. Cameron', hjiSv.had  the first ripe .tomatoes in Keremeos.,.. *_ -.*_"���������,���������".;"���������'-  rMrs.jE: M.-Daly and^rnily  motored tP -Hedlpy pn Monday  evening,/.. " -\V^v; v^r-- . -'J  Mr. Mott, of Penticton was  guest- at the" .Keremeos hotel  over the -week end.      ���������<���������  Misses Bessie and Freda Rich-,  ter spent a few days last week  visiting their grandfather at  Chopaka.  ' Mr. Pattpn sperit t\ few djiy^  last week down \l\e Similka-  rnepn looking after s,onie mining property,  The^ gunclay school picnic will  be held at Olalla Friday, August 4rth. Everyone come and  have a day's outing.  Mr. Wagenhauser and family  of.Penticton motored over on  Sunday and spent the day guests  at the Keremeos hote,].  Mrs. Stewart q,nd pHl'ty pf  fpignds motored over from Penticton on Sunday and visited  with Mrs, Kirby and daughters  for the day,  Rev. and Mrs. Clelland and  son were passengess out on the  train Monday evening on their  way to Portland, Ore., where  they will spend a month's vacation.  Morris Daly passed throqgh  tp,wn Sunday wh;h i\ swell r\exv  car, McLaughlin six. Morris  pan certainly handle the car  splendidly for one who has  never had any practice,  Don.t forget the Flower Show  to be held in. the town hall on  August 25th under the auspices  qf the WomPlVia Institute, A  splendid display of flowers is  expected. Refreshments in the  afternoon. Patriotic concert  and dance in the evening. All  prize'money and proceeds of refreshments to be used for patriotic purposes.  fphere will he ft dance in the  l;own. h������U on Friday avouing,  August 4th, in honor of the  bqys who are here from, the  173nd battalion, They expect  to leave next week for camp at  Vernon. Everybody come and  give the boys a good time, as it  is the last time they will be  here until the war is over, as  their battalion leaves shortly  for the old country.  -"Mr. Condit of the Horn Silver*  mine was a visitor in town on  Monday. . -;  Mr. Geo. H. Keith of Okanagan motored through Keremeos^  on Sunday. ,*,  _"Mr. Robert Lawson of Grand  Forks was in town on Monday  with his family.  J, F. Naff of Omak" Wash.,  passed through here Sunday Ton  his way to Hedley.   '  Mr. and Mrs. Butch' and Mr.  and Mrs. Weeks, of" Penticton  spent Sunday in town.  Mesdames Taylor and Cawston and D. Cawston, Jr., drove  fro in I^edley gn Friday.  Miss Ina Harrison is visiting  at the home' of Mrs. Sheridan,  South Kererqeos, for a few days.  Mr, Keeler, with party of  friends, motored to Hedley on  Sunday and spent the afternoon."  Miss Rita Kerby was a passenger to Oroville on Monday,  where she had some dental  work done.  c.      i-_. ������  Mrs. g. Clarke and family of  Vancouver are visiting with  Mr. and Mrs, Q, B. Clarke of  Rosemont,  Mr. and Mrs., D. J. Innis and  family-motored down the valley  as far tis the R. Armstrong  ranch and spen I* the day.  Mrs. R. H. Carmichael returned homo from Seattle on  Thursday where she had been  visiting relatives and friends,  l^fr-. F, JEj, Gibson, accompanied  by his daughter Frances and  son Fred, drove to Penticton on  Monday and returned Tuesday.  ^Messrs. Lauchmond, Craine,  and  Storer were   in   town  on  Thursday on their way from  Coupes mountain to Greenwood,  Messrs. Jordan and Brown  are busy on their copper property, known as the Dolphin,  getting out a carload of ore to  ship.  Mr. E. F. Corbolt, raamiger  of the Bank o,f Qqi-untercg, getting tirpd of hotel life, has  moved into the rooms over the  bank.  Mr, Jones of Nighthawk and  Mr, Boyd of the Ivan hoe mine  motored through Keremeos on  Sunday to Princeton, en route  to Edmonton, Alta.  Mr. and Mrs. Howes of Princeton and Mr. and Mrs. Taylor of  South Keremeos had luncheon  and spent a few hours with Mr.  and Mrs. Carle on Sunday.  LABOR. HAS CONDEMNED THE  '..-- -PROHIBITION ACT : '  Trades and Labor Councils of the  Coast   Cities    Pass   Strong  Resolutions���������Reasons Why  Workingmen Should  Vote Against Bill.  Organized labor has declared  its position with reference to  the B. C. Prohibition Act with  no uncertain sound, the result  of close investigation and keen  discussion of the bill having resulted in ���������the straight declaration by the coast labor bodies  that the -Act should be condemned and that the working-  men of British Columbia should  do all in their'power to-"defeat  the'measure at the polls.  The VancjpuvercvTrades and  Labor Council, the" 'most representative labor organization in  in British Columbia, at its meeting on July 20th, passed a strong  resolution against the Act, the  closing paragraph reading as  follows:  ������������������ Resolved that the Trades  and Labor Council in Vancouver, B, C*,-in harmony with  representative bodies of organized labor elsewhere places itself  on record as opposed to - the  British Columbia Prohibition  Act and to the principles involved therein."  In adopting the above resolution the Vancouver Trades  Council was hut following the  steps of the New Westminster  Trades and Labor - Council,  whioh on June 14th passed the  following resolution:  "Resolved that this Council  go on record as opposed to prohibition as contained in the  proposed Bill, from an econo-  nomic and social standpoint  and report this decision to the  various unions with the request  that they help to_defeat the bill."  The resolutions above noted  are in line with the action of  the Victoria Trades and Labor  Coiineil and the Prince Rupert  Labor Council.  WORKINGMEN HAVE A  KICK  COMING,  The discussion in connection  with the passage of these resolutions showed plainly that  workingmen believe they have  a just "kick" In connection with  the Prohibition Act. - It was  stated that the measure is class  legislation of the rankest type  inasmuch as it allows the man  of means to secure all the liquor  he desires by importing it from  outside points, but at the same  time places a handicap on the  workingman who can only afford to buy hjs, beer by the glass.  This argument is directly along  the line of the remarks by Mr.  Parker Williams, member for  Newcastle, on discussion of the  Bill in tlie House, when he  openly declared the Act to be  class legislation and stated that  while he "would vote for Prohibition that would prohibit he  would never have anything to  do with such lop-sided, jug-  handled imitation as the present  Bill."  The Act is also objectionable  to trades unions inasmuch as  many of its clauses were declared to be un-British and unfair-   It was pointed out thevt  clause 29 provided that any  person could tell a constable  that ������he suspected a ,man had  liquor illegally in his possession.  On this information and without disclosing the name of the  informer, the constable couln  enter a man's home, break into  all the rooms, closets, etc., with  out a warrant, riuch provisions  were severely criticized by members of the labor councils as absolutely opposed to the British  ida that "A man's house is his  castle."  .      - *      ' '  In taking the action they did,"  the council were also moved by  the feeling that they should  support the large body of the  workingmen who are today  either directly or indirectly engaged in connection with the  operation of licensed premises.  It is stated that -3700 men are  now thus employed and. that  6000 persons i?re dependent  upon them for a living. This  does not include over vl200 era-,  ployees of licensed premises  who are now at the front., As  the Prohibition Act would mean  that these men would be thrown  out ofl work, the councils considered 1 that legislation leading  to such action especially at this  time should be vigorously ^opposed."        - , -i    '.. '  Many delegates who tool-  part in the council discussions  said that they were Prohibi-  bitionists. tThey stated, however that they were opposed to  the Act because it was not a  Prohibition Act in - any,, real  sense of the term, provision being made in it for the purchase  of liquor by importation or  otherwise just as freely as is  now.* the case. * They plainly-  stated that they did not consider a vote against the Pfohi^  bition Act a vote againstvthe  principle of Prohibition, as,to  their minds the passage of such  an "act as--was proposed would  not in any^way lessen the pur-  chase^or consumption of -liquor.  As a'"matter* ofjfact, although it,  might tend'to'decrease the coh-  sumption'of health-giving beer,  (tho workingmen's usual bev7  erage), it would actually increase the consumption of  whisky and spirits, a condition  which was not for the best interests of the workingmen or  the province.  TOWN AND DISTRICT  D. J. Innis was up from Keremeos Tuesday. '      ~' -  G.   Prideaux    of   the   Nickel."  Plate spent Sunday in town.   F ''-  > *r      ������ r  Mrs. S. L.  Smith  left yesterday for   a   short" visit" at   the ,  coast.  , J. W. and   Mrs. Armstrong of '  Keremeos were visitors in town  Sunday. ,  Fred and Mrs. Howse , of  Princeton were visitors in town  Monday. ,       ,  *  Thos. Bradshaw .was .in town-:'  sis-  '.'I-"-",  ;-  l������|  ���������*r*-- ,  **_!*  Mrs.^-.i-E. French-and^fainilv 7* Vfr^l  leave this' week  for' a? mohth's  visit with .friends in Vernon."c  .   ._   irl-_������  number of the young people.;-   '���������  ^'Jf-??.1*?-  '   D. D.   Cawston,-"Mrs.   R.  L.- _ _7 ",>  Cawston and Mrs.  D. J. Taylor,   I 'r'<r  of Keremeos were inc towjn Fri-  *, .   '\������  day last..   :. -    - ���������������" -1 k '**::'-..- "-* "*- "'"      -' r  '���������ilis. :.T.'.By^t^:r^jid^ idsa'^ '-   .'."  Viola Messinger "of "the Nickel';, Vi-t.-  Plate- wer*e -Visitors   ni   town'"''tr- ->-') ,\  Saturday.    "-V/vs'*,:     *���������-.,"  >   >>_ _', * ���������_������*  '.  J.-M.'San dusky of, Vancouver%r"^> /S  arrived  in -town ���������- last' <week ,to '"'' -'"^V ?  ^take the'management'of the''A.-- ^/tf^i  E. H6wse store.   ; '-''    '   x^?-"{ ^7;ff������  -'"L. D. Burr us and wife,of Ton- _ v.1'a;  asket, Wash*, and -Miss-Donalds  of, Okanagan, Wash.," were"- in 1_  town over Sunday the guests of ������������������'  T. E. Bun-us.v   ���������      \-7'-V'  j At"1 Keremeos   today "Robert^-  Scott  Conklin, "Liberal, ancl'L. "  W. Shatford, Conservative, were  nominated as candidates for,the  Similkameen electoral-district.  Training That Is Usesul.  It is not generally known that  in addition to being taught  everything that an infantryman is instructed in, the sapper  of the Canadian Engineers  learns many things useful in  civil'life. He is therefore continually being prepared for the  return to civil duties at the end  of the war,  He is taught bridge building,  building construction, road  building, use of explosives, geometry, construction of piers,  derricks, incinerators, drains,  water "systems, the use of the  blocks and tackles, knots, hisli-  ing and splicing. Careful thinking men who are going to enlist  should remember this. More  men are *w anted, and wanted  quickly, for the engineers. Sixty  men are Avanted immediately.  Men desirous of enlisting iu  the Engineers should apply at  the nearest army doctor or recruiting station or communicate  diroctjwith the officer commanding at headquarters, North Vancouver, B. C. On receipt of attestation ptipers and medical  history sheets, transportation  will be forwarded for journey  to Vancouver.  The officers and non-commissioned ^officers' school of military engineering commenced  on Monday, 31st July. Anyone  can join this school and successful candidates will obtain  sergeant's certificates.before going overseas. A considerable  number of men have received  commissions after obtaining  this certificate.  * *, S*jgTl  There will be no services in  the Hedley Euglisii church until September.  E. J. Patch, circi\luj,i_>jui manager of the. Nelson. Daily News,  "was in town yesterday.  Chickens   for' Sale���������Year-  old laying  hens, thoroughbred      '  white-legged Wyandottes; some  early May pullets, ,will lay this  fall. ;J. Murdoch, Stirling creek.  The weather has been so hot  the past week that the Sons of  Rest "have had difficulty in frnd-  iug coolj'f^hady spots Ji) which  empire affairs could be discussed  comfortably.    '       e  A. F. H. Meyer, purchasing  agent of the B; C. Copper company, Mrs." Meyer, and F. W.  McLaine, ex-mayor of Greenwood, autoeel through town  Friday on their way to Copper  mountain.   .  There were about a hundred  people at the dance at the  Bromley ranch Saturday evening, and all had a good time. It  was an old-time dance, and all  danced whether they could  dance or not. An excellent supper was served. Some of the  Hedley.people got home Sunday  morning; others didn't.  There  was  a fairly good attendance at the Liberal organization   meeting in Fraternity '  hall   Monday   evening.     Questions relating to  the  campaign  were discussed.   It is expected  that   either  Brewster    or   Mc-   -  Donald,   or. -both, ^will    speak-.  here Mondayrufternoon/.-'/rhey'  ��������� *"'  will    bo  in. , Merritt -Saturday;-, -1  evening,     Princeton ' ^Monday   *- -  evening,  and  Keremeos   Tuesday afternoon.'  Stirling creek; evening; plank  across stream; young bear feeding on raspberries; three young  ladies approaching  plank; saw  bear;    bear    also    sjiw;    three  screams; one poof; forgot plank;  man to rescue; three  damp females; one  scared  bear critter'  speeding   toward    the    setting  sun   aud   boating    the   family  record  or    the  Wrexam Harriers   in   cro-*s. country   going.  That's all.   The man in the case  is married..  -'JVA_  '    ���������_������   rt-a  *���������___>���������  l___  ,'<��������� -  n___a  _w_i  _______  '1^1  A  '������_������S n  *,-l-^������-''*������|',--i/**1* ������', ^   ���������_ ^���������>-_!  THF.      liS._F.TTlL.      HEDLEY,      B.  TOO LITTLE BLOOD  MEANS MUCH MISERY  The   Truth   About  the   Food   Question  in   Germany  A -veil in formed wtiter in England  wiiles   on   the   question   of  tlie    new  j oiganization in   Germany for  the  re-  Tho one source of most of the misery I gularizalion of food supplies. He says  that   afieels  men    and    women    and   that his information leads him to the  That  is   What   Makes    People    Pale,  Weak   and   Languid.  Feeling the Pinch  growing children, is povcity of the  blood. If you consult a doctor he  say.-,   you   are   anaemic,   which  really  conclusion that it is almost too late  to begin any such effort. A political  question ha.-* sprung up  in the J-'ath-  means blood less. That is what makeo eihind as a result of past mismanage-  people drag along, always tired, never I merit that nothing that can now be  real hungry, often unable to digest j done ' will successfully allay. ' It is  their food, breathless after the slight- ..nothing short of a revival'of the old  between  the    north    and  est   exertion,   and   too   often   on   the  verge   of  complete   breakdown.  More  weak,    anaemic  people    have  been made strong, energetic and cheerful by taking Dr.  Williams Pink  Pills  than   by   any   other   means.       These  pill.,   actually   make   new.   rich   blood  which reaches every part of the body,  strcn-uhens the nerve..-and brings new  health and strength.   Tlie following is  proof  of   I.)i'.   Williams   T'ink   Pills  to  restore health. Mr.  Geo. Turner, New  Haven, N. S., says:���������"'No doubt due-to  constant hard  work I  got  in a badly  run down condition. It took very little  exertion  to  tire me.  and  my appetite  was far from  being good.    Often [ had  headaches, and  when going up stairs,  or after any slight exertion  my heart  would  palpitate violently, and I grew  eon. idcrably   alarmed   about   my  condition.   1 decided to take Dr. Williams  Pink Pills and after using a few boxes  I felt much better.    I continued using  the  pills for some  weeks longer,  and  they    completely    cured  me.      I can  warmly' recommend   this  medicine  to  men who" are weak or run down:"  You can get tTiese pills through any  medicine dealer or by mail, post, paid,  at 00 cent.*- a box or six boxes for  -52.50 from The Dr. Williams Medicine  Co..   l-'.rockvillc. Out  Forestry Farms  Changing  the Treeless   Prairie   Into   a  Park-Like   Country  "...���������islffileJioiv-in iTOiiires more Forestry Farms. Then there would be at  least two lectures continuously on the  road to hold meetings, giving lectures  on forestry, shelter-belts, el'e. The  gospel of tree-planting .mould be  l-iought to farmers. These lectures  could take the names and locations  of farmers who are anxious and ready  to plant trees, send iu the lists to the  head office in the xn-ovince, and inspectors should l>e sent' out to examine each farm, so as to advise  farmers where to plant, and how to  prepare the ground for the following  year's planting. It is all right to expend inoney on tlvo general Conserve-'  tion Commission to enthuse citizens  the Dominion over on what our natural resources are and how they  should be conserved, but- the practical  working end of the problem should  not be neglected. Give Saskatchewan  forestry farms and practical men to  meet progressive farmers, and in u  lew years' the treeiess, wind-swept  prr.*j������'ies would be changed to a parklike country, with trees on every  "arm."���������Saskatchewan Farmer.  Foe Ships in American Harbors  There are eighty-eight German and  twelve Austrian ships in American  ports with a total net tonnage of ."03,-  470, lying idle on account of the war.  The merchant ships may "leave when  they like, but warships must remain  till the termination of the war. The  reason why none of the merchantmen leave port is because the Allies  maintain an effective patrol outside  the three mile  limit.  Capital of Portugal  Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, has  a population of about half a million.  Its harbor is one of the finest in the  world, and large enough to hold all  the navies of Europe. The greatest  earthquake on record occurred at Lisbon when,,in 1755, in less than ten  minutes, the greater part of tho city  was made a heap of ruins, and from  30,000 to 40,000 persons killed.  antipathy  south.  The-new policy will deepen the  feeling, inasmuch as the demands of  Berlin, are so loudly heard in government circles, and Berlin "is so much  till: centre of news that is circulated  broadcast throughout the word, that  supplies -for,, that city will continue  to be imported at the expense of the  needs ci the country.  Many-of  the   large    cities    in    the  south an.''  .southeast have passed bylaws   prohibiting  the  export  of foodstuff-.-   to   Berlin.      Small   towns   followed   their   example,���������in   fact,   some  towns  in   Prussia,  seeing how  cattle,  flc!-r,  sugar,  oil,   lard,'-'and*;oilier essentials o   existence, were being sent  away,   on   the    plea' of  meeting    the  needs of the soldiers at the front, to  Berlin to retail.-rind; wholesale houses,  rose   up .and  refused   to   export  anything until  provision   was.made    for  local   necessities:      There   have   been  some   bitter    conflicts..' between    the  military and civil .powers'; as a result.  Hanover, iii particular, is in a verv  critical-mood.'  The stock of the fanner.--   is  in   a Shocking  state owing  to  the  impoverishment in    tlie    winter.  and has resulted in many being killed  thai,   otherwise. Would   have   fetched  good   prices.      One    authority    says:  "'We have the money to meet"the rise  in,prices, but not-the goods.    We eat  our potatoes'with'a sauce like  water,  and since private slaughtering  is forbidden,  we.:, in  the country sec  meat  ���������yul bacon pass away from us, and arc  left  to speculate  as to   what will become of us when the new organization  begins to equalize supplies. Hanover,  unprepared     for such  a  contingency,  has been  looked -upon  as one  of the  emporiums of the empire, and now we  are on the verge of u collapse from the  luck of food for cattle and edibles for  the poor.   The poor will die like bees  in  a cyclone.    It  is aii  very  well  to  fell us that the harvest, will be great.  That   was  said     last year "when  the  authorities   at   Berlin   knew   all     the  time that the har vest'was''unprecedented lv-: noor."  They All Went  Away Together  P.    A.    BONNOT'S     RHEUMATISM  CURED BY DODD'S KIDNEY PILLS  Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  Dear Sirs.���������This fall I got thrown  on; a fence and hurt niy chest, very  bad, so I could riot work and it hurt  nie to breathe: I tried all kinds "of  Liniments and thev did mo no good.  ; One bottle of- MINARD'S Liniment,  warmed:.oh flannels and applied on  iii v* breast, 'cured me eomnletelv.  .        : C.   H.  COSSABOOM.  Rossway, Digby Co., N. S.    .  Defeat  .What is defeat?    Nothing  but, education,   nothing but  the  first step  to  something belter.  in this Matter  of Health  one   is either   with   the   winners  or with the losers.  It's largely a question of right  eating���������right food. For sound  health one must cut out rich,  indigestible foods and choose  those that are known to contain  the elements that build sturdy  bodies and keen brains.  Meat  Production  In the United States between 10&0  and 191'.! the population increased 24  per cent., while" cattle decreased 30  per cent: In Russia. Argentina and  Brazil there were also decreases. Tn  ���������France, Germany and the United  Kingdom, and Austria-Hungary there  were slight increases, but only in  France at the same ratio as the population. In Australia alone was there  relatively, a greater growth in the  number of cattle than of people. In  Canada the population dui-inc- the  period mentioned increased 35 per  cent:, but in cattle only 20 per cent.  Those facts are surely pregnant with  significance of the opportunity that  lies before Canada in the breeding of  cattle. The same state of things exists, only in a more-- emphatic " way.  as regards sheep, and even as regards swine the depletion last year  was of such extent as to produce^a  certain measure of scarcity this year.  And With It Went All Those Symptoms Which Mark the Earlier Stages  of Kidney Trouble.  Grand Clairiere, Man., (Special.)���������  "All persons who suffer from rhcumat-  iMii should use Dodd's Kidney Pills."  This is the statement ioluntcered by  Mr. P. A. Bonnot, a well-known resident of this place." Asked to give the  reason's why Mr. Bonnot said:    ���������  "1 suffered for three years from  rheumatism. I consulted a doctor  without getting any results. Four  boxes of Dodd's Kidney Pills fixed me  up."  That rheumatism is caused by sick-  kidneys failing fo strain the uric acid  out of the blood was again shown in  Mr. Bonnot's case. His earlier symptoms were.: heart fluttering.--, broken  and unrcfreshing sleep, fitful appetite, a tired nervous feeling, a heaviness after meals, neuralgia and backache.  When he cured his kidneys with  Dodd's. Kidney Pills the rheumatism  and all the other symptoms of kidney trouble disappeared.  Agriculture   and  the   War  One effect of the war has been to  bring home to peoples' minds tho real  importance of agriculture as an industry. ,  The former is benefited by the situation, in that the prices of agricultural products has been greatly increased, but he is at a goat disadvantage owing to the scarcity of labor iu  many places and the consecpicnt rise  in wages and in the cost of farmer's  materials.  These effects have been more  marked in the second year of the war  than in the first. Tn all probability  the viu-ious tendencies mentioned will  continue to be more pronounced as  long as the war lasts.  There lias been in recent years in  Canada, a steady increase in the  acreage yield per acre of most crops,  but a considerable improvement is  yet possible. ��������� As a rule intensive  fanning is more profitable than extensive. Less labor is required. less  capital is employed and the returns  are surer. A decrease in the number  of acres cultivated need not always  mean less production. Now, if ever,  i:- the time to economize in labor on  il.e farm when men are needed so  laillv  abroad.  Stamps as Spy Messages  Arranged to Convey   Information of a  Naval  or  Military Nature  The Italian Government has forbidden the exportation and the German  Government the importation of used  and unused postage stamps, according  to information received from Switzerland by Hugh Clark, a New^York  philatelist.  American dealers' supplies of stamps  from Italy are thus suspended; and  those from Germany are delayed because they must come by way of Rou-  mania and the Orient," whereas formerly they reached here bv wav of  Italy.     ��������� _ '     ���������  The British Government does not  permit German stamps to be sent out  by  way  of   Holland   or  the  Scandin  AGHING BONES AND SORE JOINTS CURED!  ALL RHEUMATIC TENDENCIES DESTROYED  Away   Go    the    Crutches,  Every Sufferer Made  Well Quickly  Old age is usually afflicted with  rheumatism. Very few past fifty escape  its tortures.  j\lnny it bends and deforms. Upon  the countenances of others it marks  the effects of its . awful suffering.  Ncrvilino   will   cure  rheumatism. It takes  avian   countries,   according   to   local   the pain out ol throb-  philatelists,  and  the French   Govern- bing   muscles    and  merit is equally strict. |swollen    joints.      It  The  letter  received  by  Mr.     Clark untwists gnarled  carried the intimation that two secret  codes built upon the use of postage  stamps sent through letters had been  discovered by tho Italian and German  authorities, and that these were responsible for the respective decisions  of the two governments. Through these  codes certain numbers and types of  stamps, imported or exported, " were  said to be conveying information of  a naval or military nature.  Slate or Ohio, Cily of Toledo,  I.ucns County, s.s.  I'lank J. Clicucy makes oalli llml lie is senior  partner of die firm of 1-'. .1. Cheney & Co., doiiifr  business in the Cily of Toledo, County and Slate  aforesaid, and thai said firm will pay tlic-iim of  ON"K 11Uis"RUnn DOI.I.AKS for each and every  case of Cnlm-rli thai cannot be cured by the use  of ilAM/.S CATARRH CUR"!-.  1'1-.A>"K J. CirF.NIvY.  Sworn   lo before  me  and   subscribed  in   my  presence, this 6th day of December. A.D*. 1SSG.  ,     A. "A*. C.r.KASOX.     -  (,S_.\r.) ��������� Notary Public.  Hall's  Catarrh  Cure  is  lafcen  internally and  net.-. Hi rough the Wood on tlie BI(-:coiis Surfaces  of lhe System.    Send for testimonials, free.  I*. J. CHKNrCY & CO., Toledo, O.  Sold by all drum-i-sts. 75c.  Hall's Family l'ills for constipation.  you feel Ncrvilino penetrating througj  the tissues; you feel it drawing out t.ij  congestion, feel it sink in deeper anf  deeper till at last it touches tire core  the joint or the heart of the musci  affected.  'You won't stay in pain with Nervj  line���������no one ever does. Just-, try it J  you will bo amazed at its magic!  power over,pain, a' power it gets froJ  the extracts and juices of certain ral  herbs and roots it contains. It's hnn?  less���������any child c.l  use Nerviline, cf  rub it on for a srf  throat, for a hi  cold,' for. stiff   nej   - , . .   for earache. .No fa'  knuckles.      It does  this quickly and ] ily'remedy half so useful.- *  surely. I    The large. 50 cent boltje is tlie m  Nerviline is not used internally. You | economical ���������   trial ��������� size .25  cents,  just rub it on���������lots of hard rubbing is   dealers, or the Gatarrhozonc Co., Ki  required for a minute or two, and then I ston,..Canada. ' *  Baker's Bread in Great Britain  "The ordinary ��������� whitened bread has  on occasions when analysed been  found to contain wood-dust, bone-  dust, alum, sulphuric powder and  salts or magnesia, which enables the  flour to take up far more than the  normal amount of water. As this emasculated flour known in the trade as  'seconds' is naturally oi a, grey and  unattractive-color, it is put through  a process of bleaching in order- to  endeavor to give to" it the. look of pure  fine wheaten-flour." There are two  principal' ways of achieving this���������  both processes    highly    injurious, cs  Fighting or Payinj.  Nothing might    well  earn    grci  disapprobation    on  the  part    of  public" than  that  the   wife  or oti]  dependent of an enlisted soldier sho'-j  suffer need.     Js-.no. tlie    soparatl  from  husband or son,  with   tho di  and nights of anxiety that necessarl  follow, a sacrifice greater far than-f  dollars which arc the contribution)  those  who  escape  these  penalties*'  separation for many months, and -4  haps  forever?'-.Besides", c'the. p'atrii]  citis-czn* does" not and-will  not esq  at paying.      Even though    here'- i_  there  to pay is  a hardship,  there*!  pecially  to   the  digestive,  organs  and l recompense, in the knowledge that  Choked for Air. Some little irritant  becomes lodged in the bronchial tubes,  others gather, and the awful choking  of asthma results. Nothinrr offers quite  such quick and positive relief as Dr.  .T. D. Kellogc's Asthma Remedy. The  healing, soothing smoke or vapor penetrates, clears the passages and gives  untold relief. Usually it completely  cures. II has behind it years of success. It is the sure remedy for every  sufferer.  The Kurds, whose transfer of allegiance from Turkey to Russia in  consequence of the tail of Erzerum  is now alarming the-official world  at Constantinople, trace back not  only<-to-the Carduchi of classical days,  but far beyond that to the Turanian  Kurdu, who were a powerful nation  in Assyrian times. When Ninemeh  fell they became merged in the Medes  and up to today have been subject-  partly to Persia and partly to Turkey.  Taxicabs of the Air  'By so much of practical preparation  as lies in the formation of an operating company, the signing of a. contract with a manufacturer and the  search for a riverside hangar site, the  dream of an aeroplane passenger service to, from and about Now York  has advanced toward fulfillment. We  aro invited to contemplate tentatively  the idea of taxicabs which shall come  flying instead of wheeling at our call.  Presumably it will be a long time  before this transit scheme shall reach  the state of complete working foreseen by the men with the vision. In  no immediate" tomorrow will the man  of affairs run his own flyer from Suburbia to his office or the man of  pleasure lake his evening's party to  an altitudinous roof-garden without  troubling about the lower floors and  the elevator. As to that part of the  new company's plans which involves  service between New. York and such  cities of easy reach as Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington���������why  not?���������New York World.  Prevent Collisions in Darkness or Fog  Announcement has been made that  William Marconi \,-*ill bring out shortly  a new device which should put an end  to danger of collisions between .ships  in darkness or fo*_. It is described as  a simple contrivance, easily installed,  which will be operated from the  bridge of a ship.  Roumania's credit holds firm. .Her  5 per cent loan for .1i2_.000,000 was  over-subscribed by i?]6,000,000.  Over '100 women are acting as station masters in France.  .  teeth of children. One is the mixing  of alum* with, the flour, the* other  bleaching it by means of chemical  fumes. There is no law to prevent  cither, "and,no obligation to give the  purchaser- any maximum of 'wheat in  the loaf."���������Dr. Wm. A. Brend in the  Nineteenth Century.'  F. J. YY'oleoft, of the Rockefeller  Foundation, back from the war zone,  said in New York :  "It's a wonderful thing to see the  courage���������yes, even the gaiety���������that  the soldiers show, under heart-breaking difficulties.,  "An English officer, after a thaw,  went wading one morning" knee-deep  down a trench. . .    .  " 'Ah,, Higgins. shaving, eh?' ho  said to a ruddy Tommy.  ." 'Yes,. sir,' 'Tommy .replied.- with  a grin, 'and���������if'you don't mind, sir���������  you're standing in inv shaving  water.' "  in the history of the British Empl  has there been opportunity for so grJ  ���������service to tho cause of humanity pi  civilization.���������London Free Press.  "My mother always told me that in  taking you I' was marrying beneath  my station." t    .  "Beneath your station.' eh? ' That  wasn't a ^station your family had; it  was just "a water' tank."  Boy labor af the Woolwich Arsenal  fetches from .-"iS to ������]Q per week.  Dickie,  who   had- been  reading  dustriously for'an* hour, suddenly J  countered a .phrase in his book tlf  immediately   aroused   his   thirst  knowledge.  "Pop,'.' he said, "when is the' frj  dom of the city    given    'to  a mar  Father hesitated not in imparting  desired information.    -  "When his wife.goes to the counl  for the summer," he said. , .  "Get a, spoon, Freddie.-Mother,-1^  something for* you."  "A big spoon or a little spoon?"  "What difference does it make?";  "Makes a heap of difference. - Isi  medicine you got or ice .cream?"���������KaJ  sas City Journal.  Van Dusen (at Van Rock's countj  seat)���������Mr. Van Rock, I" love .the vq  ground your daughter .walks on!'  Van Rock���������Well, it's for sale if y\  have the,'price.  The political troubles in China ha|  resulted in a cessation for the tii|  being of the exportation of silver.  is a wonderfully balanced food,  made from whole wheat and  barley. It contains all the nutriment of the grain, including the  mineral phosphates, indispensable in Nature's plan for body  and brain rebuilding.  Grape-Nuts is a concentrated  food, easy to digest. It is economical, has delicious flavour,  comes ready to eat, and has  helped thousands in the winning  class.  It Will Cure a Cold."���������Colds are the  commonest ailments of mankind and  if neglected may lead to serious conditions. Dr. Thomas' Electric Oil will  j relieve  the  bronchial  passages  of in-  i flamination   speedily   and   thoroughly  j and will  strengthen  . them     against  subsequent   attack.    And   as  it "cases  the inflammation it will stop the cough  because it allays  all irritation  in the  throat.   Try it and prove it.  Italian Royalty's Narrow Escape  Italy's    Queen     narrowly    escaped  raiders   who  dropped bombs near the  train on which Queen Helena and tiro  Princesses Jolanda and Haralda were  travelling.     The   royal   party   was  on  the  way from  a  section  of the  front  to   Venice   when   the   Austrian   aeroplane  made   the   attack.      The   lights  [in  the   train   were   extinguished     and  ' the railroad line was in darkness, but  ! despite   these   precautions   bombs  fell  on  Hi-"*  line  near  the  train,  breaking  '.eiegri ph   wires.  i Minard's   Liniment   Cures   Garget   in  Cows.  a  s a fieason  t>  A   Back   Door   Dodge  When  German  meets  German   then  ' comes  the tug of wits.    The butchers  i of Cologne do not at all care for the  j State?   organization   of   ineat   supplies,  i One   enterprising     son   of     "Kultur"  secreted    five    tons    of  meat  in  his  premises   and   sold   it   to   "good   customers"   at   the   back'   door.      When  faced   with   the   discovery,     the   wily  butcher   pointed   to   the     regulations  which   specified   thit  the  restrictions  only   applied   to   meat,   sold   over   the  counter.      The   law   has   been   made  ni-.'1-i specific.  Minard's   Liniment  Cures   Distemper.  The Kaiser���������the Voice of God  Major-General Sir A. I*]. Turner relating some stories about, lhe Kaiser���������  for the accuracy of which lie vouches  ���������tells us how the Kaiser was regarded  by some of those around him a- may  be gathered from the scene which  followed a celebrated speech.  When he had finished his bombastic  and silly oration, we are told that "an  old white-headed general,   von  K ,  even knelt before his Majesty to kiss  the hand that was gracefully extended  to him," and with deep emotion he  cried: "It is truly the voice of God  that lias spoken out of your Majesty  as His worthy instrument- to destroy  this nightmare of British supremacy  at sea, from which Germany has'suffered all these years���������and God's will  be done!"  Dog  Pie  For Germans  Germany possessed before the war  20.000.000 head of oxen. This was reduced to 15,000,000 in 1.915, and now  the total is only about 8,000,000. M.any  towns have had to resort to eating  dogs and horses, especially since the  discovery was made that neither Bulgaria or Turkey have any further food  to spare. A favorite dish in some  restaurants is horse steak with bean  gravy. Dog pie is principally served  tofarm servants engaged in mending  military roads. The shooting of younir  rooks has been forbidden, probably  because of the scarcity of insectivorous  birds, and the fears of tlie farmers  of damages from grubs.  [O lubricant is good enough for every purpose.     Ypu don't want  to use the same oil on a high-speed, low-power tractor as on a  low-speed, high-power tractor.       You can't use the same oil in your  "thresher as you do on a spindle.  The Imperial Oil Company makes a special oil exactly suited  to every part of every farm machine.  STANDARP GAS ENGINE OIL  Recommended by leading builders for all types of internal combustion engines,'  whether tractor or stationary, gasoline or kerosene. It keeps its body at  high temperature, is practically free from carbon, and, is absolutely uniform in quality. . .  PRAIRIE HARVESTER OIL  An excellent all-round lubricant for exposed bearings of harvester's and other  farm machinery.    Stays on the bearings; will not gum or corrode.  CAPITOL CYLINDER OIL  The most effective and economical lubricant for steam engine cylinders;,  proven superior iu practical competition with other cylinder oils.  ELDORADO CASTOR OIL  A high-grade, thick-bodied oil for lubricating the loose bearings of farm  machinery, sawmills and factory" shafting.   . '.-*.'.   .-        '-..-.*  .,  THRESHER HARD OIL  Keeps the cool bearing cooZ. Does not depend on heat or friction to cause  it to lubricate. .' .        '-  STEEL BARRELS���������All our oils can be;obtained in 28-gallon and 45 gallon,  steel barrels. These barrels save their cost-by eliminating leakage.    You use every drop you pay for.    Clean and convenient.  ���������   - ��������� -*  If your lubricating*  problem  gives   you trouble,. let U3  help you.    Tell us the machine,  the make, the part���������*���������  and we- will   gladly  give  you   the   benefit   of  our experience in selectiuc the propef lubricants.  Cam-diai! Postiim Cereal Co.. T,tJ���������  Windsor, Out.  W.      N.      U.  1113  Protect the child from the ravages  of worms by using Mother^ Graves'  Worm Exterminator. It is a standard  remedy, and years, of use have  enhanced its  reputation.  Canvasser (entering office): "I've  an attachment for your . tvpewriter,  sir which I���������"Busy Man": "Well,  settle it with her. Your love affairs  are no concern of mine"."-  A Millionaire's Restitution  Wm, F. Cochran of Baltimore says  "Burning with passion for humanity,  and feeling a sincere and deep yearning to make my life count for so ne-  thing, I am  seeking to make restiti;  tion in some degree to society fur ihe  debt   which   as  a   parasite   all   these  years   I owe   it,      Particularly  am  I  concerned about that section of society  in the sweat of  whoso brow I have  eaten my bread, and upon w11-.���������������������������"* backs  I have had a free ride���������-labj.."- t.-iI-  timore Christian Socialist.  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY J  Limited ���������''���������' v''%    .     ' "'"���������*-   * V  . ^....���������_.-.~y_-_���������nwp.j-yww-._~-^.  ..--.~-::..'--.y_'.:.-  _-*_?;_:;  "__S_ZI_____I__E5__?^_i_:  |HjiN>.nij^.d,i'WgH  **-_______5.fW-  1  --  THE      GAZETTE.,   HEDLEY.      B.  .  C.  AIDING THE ENEMY'S TRENCHES  HAS NOW BECOME GRIM WOR  [AND TO HAND FIGHTING IN SURPRISE ATTACKS  he Monotony  of  Trench   Existence  Broken   by Preparing for  Raids, and in Affording an Opportunity for Our Soldiers  To Get at Close Grips With the Enemy    o ���������   Between  the   British    and   German  bodcrn    machine    warfare,    wherein  jpery man was supposed to have heme a pawn without initiative of his  n. has been developing perhaps the  l*adliest   form   of   sport  -imagination  Bin conceive���������where every combatant  ���������"ices his cunning, his strength .and  >    skill  in    hand-to-hand    lighting  tinst those of his adversary.  [Hardly  a  day passes that   there  is  t a trench "raid" by one side or the  /icr,   and   sometimes   several   such  lies.    No  subject is more tabooed  'its details  by the censor.      Com-  nders do not want to let the enc-  know why their raids succeed or  )\  or   why   the enemy's   succeed   or  |g-l.      Invention     fights     invention;  ���������ro.cy fights secrecy.  (Ml the 'elements  of boxing  wrest-  g. fencing and mob tactics, plus the  knlth of the Indian who crept lip on  'camp on the plains and  the team-  rilj_k of a professional baseball nine,  A<? valuable to' the .-in-yer.  J*Fhe weapon that is least needed is  "''n-ifle.  ' A club oi- a  sandbag or an  (dian battle axe or spiked club is  |N.tor. A good slugger without any  U'iipon at all. may take an adver-  lyy's loaded rifle away from him and  "rock him down and .then kick him  .. death.  R,Thc monotony of  trench  existence  l������ese days is broken by preparing for  l-iids   and   against   them.     Battalion  r>mmanders   work   out   schemes    of  JratPiry which would have won them  tine in smaller wars.   Fifty men or a  yorrsantl may  be engaged in a raid,  lb may be on a front of fifty yards or  hthousand.    Its object is to take as  any  prisoners  and  kill  and  wound  6-5 many of the enemy as possible in a  fc-w minutes; and then to get back to  lieir own trench. -The assaulters try  hold on to the piece of trench they  iave taken, the guns- are turned on  }"iem, the bombers close up on either  l.de,   and   machine   guns   and   rifles  [re  prepared  to  sweep    the  zone  of  "tirement. , -   -  ���������An uncanny curiosity gives the sol-  licrs incentive for the raids,. Ordinarily they never sec their enemy hidden in his burrows across "No Man's  ,and" from their own burrows. Un-  fperi bullets from unseen snipers  J rack overhead. .->Unseen guns suddenly concentrate .in a deluge of  ".hells. For 'months this sort of  Tiing goes on and the'trenches* of the  saries .remain always in the  Same- place; the grim monotony of  I-asualties and watching continues.  Jrhis arouses the desire to "get at"  The enemy which the trench raid satisfies. It means springing over the  ���������arapct and rushing across "No Man's  ���������.and" into the ,very houses of the  j-nemy and man .to man on.his. doorstep proving which is a better fighter.  To go over the parapet ordinarily  hneans death. In order to niake any  jr-uch rush there must bo "interfer-  f-nce," as they say in football, and  lhe-barb wire in front of the enemy's  f'rench must be cut. This is usually  I lone by the guns, which become more  rind more deadly in their ability, to  luni accurate sprays of destruction  Ion given points." They cover the  ���������rush and they cover the return of the  [raidois with their prisoners.  But the guns are not all: there are  I'nll kinds of organized trickery in or-  jder to enable a body of soldiers to get  linlo the enemy's trenches for a few  [minutes of activity, when the occu-  l/pants throw themselves on their in-  rvaders at such close quarters that it  lis a question if even a revolver is now  ]a practical weapon. It cannot be  [-thrown over a traverse and a bomb  ftenn. Running into a German around  [the corner of a traverse'a blow may  [be better than a shot.  There have been trench raids where  [every man who went out was respons-  frble for a casualty or prisoner, while  -,'ihe raiders' own loss might not have  been one in ten to the enemy's. There  i are   also  failures.      Success  requires  (that   every    detail   should    work  out  fright.   The British inaugurated trench  ���������'raiding, which the Germans promptly  | adopted.    Where its development will  end no one dares venture to say.  Advantages  of a v"Bantam   Battalion"  11    Out   west  they arc raiding a  "Ban-  lam"  Battalion.    One has already- appeared   in   the   vast   "somewhere   in  ��������� Fiance."  and   an   officer   referring  to  .it. said that  he was much  struck  by  their   sturdy   appearance.     Tn   point  of endurance he consideied it not  improbable  that  they  would   march   an  ' average new army beftalion to a stand-  t'-till.   For trench warfare he considers  that  they   will  have   a   very   distinct  ml vantage   over  tall men,, more  particularly of the reckless type so familiar to platoon officers, who grow weary  of  reiterating  the  injunction,   "Keep  down."  Escaped From Germany  Clear   Grit     Won      Liberty  -For   This  French   Officer  French journals print a'remarkable  account, of a French officer who succeeded in escaping, after being severely wounded," from captivity in Germany. The officer, who was a captain  in an African regiment, went through  the battle ofCharleroi in August, 1914,  and a few days later, during the .retreat, had orders to capture a German  battery. During the charge ho' was  wounded in the chest with a bullet.  His man left him for dead after removing his papers, but he was,picked  up by the German Red Cross.-  A week later he was suffering from  pleurisy. Even after two months his  wound was still "discharging, and he  was,so weak that he could not stand.  Day after day, with'great difficulty,  he regained strength by gradually increasing exercise.in Jus room. He let  his beard grow and "stopped washing,  so as'to be able to pass as a tramp.  A village girl, a nurse, gradually  brought him civilian .clothes, gave him  money, and procured'him a key of a  secret door.  He escaped "one dark night and,  passing as n. Belgian refugee, got  rough farm work, and in return bought  food and board. - The wound, however, re-opened, 'and at all costs he  had to get attention, so 'he forged' a  paps and got into the town. ' There  he found an old French doctor who  treated him. Ho w*as employed in the  town in all sorts of odd jo'bs, as stableman, clerk,, grocer's assista/.c. _tc.  During this period all men .between  eighteen and fifty had to go before  the Military Governor, but he was  not suspected.  In March, 1915, nearly cured the'  officer determined to get back to  France. For this a passport, was  necessary, but obviously impossible  to get. He had. however, made the  acquaintance ,of an old smuggler,  whom heTJersuadfid-to^et him a passport. "The smuggler got him a passport for a town-near the Belgian frontier. I-I'c got into . relations with a  peasant,,to whom he had an introduction, and''who gave-him "a heavy cart  to drive oyer-the frontier.'-As the cart-  crossed' it" stuck 'in-.the mud. and a  Gorman sentry himself helped to get  it out. Tn Belgium he' got papers "as  a Belgian citizen and permission fo  travel near frontier towns. He finally  managed to reach Holland. To get a  passport to England was an easy matter, but once there he was arrested as  n German spy, because of his curious  clothing. He was released almost at  once, and on his return to Paris was  able to give valuable information to  the military authorities. Having already been decorated with the Lesion  of Honor he was awarded the Croix  de  Guerre.  Prince Edward in Cairo  The Prince of Wales' visit to Egypt  resulted in many beggars of Cairo  blessing his name, though he is ignorant of the fact. A correspondent saw  the Prince making some purchases in  the bazaar, and, when the business  was concluded, he approached the  merchant and asked him if he knew  whom he had had the honor of sciv-  ing-. The merchant shook hi.s head, and  when informed of tire truth he burst  into loud lamentations. He had shamelessly overcharged the Prince, and  nothing could convince him that he  could not suffer an ignominious dcatji.  The correspondent promised, if the  merchant distributed largesse to the  poor in the Prince's name he himself  would personally intercede with the  Prince .on the merchant's behalf. The  merchant thankfully agreed.  Overrated German Efficiency  German efficiency will be less made  oi in the future. Its limitations are  as obvious as those of an analytical  conclusion. It solves a given problem, working from premises laid  down, but it is baffled'py the unexpected and lacks imagination to ^ore-  see new conditions. It sees narrowly in. a straight line, and when deflected by unconsidered obstacles  which imagination might have provided for, it is like a locomotive off  the track.���������New York Times.  "Didn't Columbus discover America?"  "I believe so," said Mr. Dustin Stax,  "but it took some of us financiers to  fihow what could be done with it."���������  .Washington  Star.  Tommy (to Jock, on bave)��������� What  about the lingo? Suppose you want  to say egg over. there, what do you  say Jock���������Ye juist say "Ooof," Tommy���������But suppose you want two? Jock  ���������Ye say, "Twa oofs," and the silly  nuld fule'wife gies ye three, and ye  juist gie her back one. Man, it's an  awuf p.-isv lantru.iire.���������Glasgow Herald.  AsquitH Points  Way to Victory  Increasingly   Close   Co-operation   and  Vast Resources of Allies Bound  to Triumph  In observance of the thiitieth anniversary of his election to the House  of Commons from East Fife, Premier  Asquith, visited his constituency for  the first time since the outbreak of  the war, addressing a great meeting  of his supporters and many who in  .past years, had been his opponents.  The Premier made a touching reference to the death of Field Marshal  Earl Kitchener as "leaving a place iu  our constitutional life tha'f none else  can fill,'and a memory that will live  as long as *tho British* Empire." Lord  Kitchener had .bequeathed to the country an array of armies,, said lhe  Premier, and it was for the country  to make the best use of these.  In a survey of the situation, Premier Asquith declared that the Russian advance was one of the most  brilliant feats of the war.  The Italians, Mr. Asquith said, were  making resistance to Hie Austrian onslaught which every day was becoming more effective. As for the French,  nothing coxrld exceed the valor with  which they were maintaining the defence-of Verdun. Co-operation among  the General Staffs of the allies was  ,beconiing more, intimate and complete  every month. British assistance had  been offered to Gen. Joffre, and the  steps which would be taken were  those dictated by sound strategy.  '"This war is not merely a struggle  of armies,''' the, Premier continued.  "Jt is a sliuggle of material and economic .vi -sources, and these will prove  in the Ion"* run to be the'deciding  factors."  AEtov sneaking oi the effectiveness  of the navy's blockade Mr. Asquith  said:  "Owing to the rashness of,the enemy we were allowed to csee another  and more stirring, dramatic aspect of  the navy's qualities. The naval ac-,  tion of May 31 was worthy of the best  and most treasured traditions of the  British navy. r The 'Germans were  driven back into their ports without  so much as making an effoit lo grapple with the main body of our Grand  Fleet, and had the temerity to claim  what really was a rout as a complete  victory. A couple moio such victories  and there will be nothing left of the  German navy worth speaking about.  The truth is slowly leaking out. and  its full extent is not yet realized -or  appreciated". Our command' of the  seas, so far fioni being impaired, has  been more firmlv and unshakably established."  In reference to Ireland, Mr. Asquith  said the recent rioting, leading to the  loss of many innocent lives, had ereat-  e"d a'situation which seemed to a majority of responsible Irishmen of all  parties to call for a settlement. The  history of'the relations between Great  Britain and Ireland exhibited a tragic  series of missed or misused opportunities.  "Don't lot us add another fo their  number." said the  Premier.  What he desiied, he explained, was  a provisional settlement, for when the  war came to an end the country would  have to take stock of its internal relations, the fabiic of the Empire would  have to be refashioned, and lelations  between Great Britain and Ireland  and the Dominions would of necessity  be brought into close and connected  review.  The Lord .Mayor o* London will become a vegetarian the day he gets  some one to cook vegetables properly.  Sir Charles Wakefield, an ex-mayor,  endorses the same determination. A  new vocation for cooks is looming up  in those times.  an**  Bulgars Have  Set Example  Unlike Germans, Respected Red Cross  on Lady  Paget's  Hospital  There was a large party at King's  Cross to welcome Laay Paget and fiftv-  four other members of the Serbian  Relief Fund Hospital staff at TJskub  on their return to London. A welt  known member of Lady Paget's party  said: "We have travelled back to England via Roumania, Russia, Sweden  and Noiway. On October 22 the Bulgarians entered Usknb. Their advance  was so lapid that there was no possibility of getting the patients safely out of the hospital. Lady Paget  pluekily decided to stay behind to  look after them. The line of battle  went right through the hospital buildings, but the Bulgarians respected the  Red Cross flag.  "There were S00 patients, about half  of them being Serbs,- and the other  half Bulgars., The Bulgarians, ] believe,   did   what  they  could  to   help.  They* told us they were anxious to  stand well iu English eyes. The refugee population, kept alive from .the  relief fund stores, numbered' many  thousands. Lady Paget organized  daily relief for about*4,000 people.   ������  "King Ferdinand, and both the  young princes came to TJskub before  we were permitted to leave. None of  them, however, came to the hospital.  Alter leaving Usknb we were detained  in Sofia for a month. Lady Paget was  the guest of the Queen of Belgium.  I was allowed to visit the British  prisoners���������of whom there were about  thirty���������and they all spoke well of their  general treatment. Two prisoners we  wore able to bring away, Private Morris,, and Piivate Woodbine, the latter  being blind."  WHAT IS NEEDED TO CONVINCE  GERMANS THEY ARE DEFEATED  WmmWm  ' :"-v4':t1������f  ,    ��������� -  - - ,-*rc  TAKING   OF   TOWNS WILL   IMPRESS   THE   PEOPLE  Officer of Prussian Guard Believes That Each German Victory  For Which They Pay so Dear, Brings Them Nearer to ,  Defeat,   But  Nation   is   Kept   in   Ignorance   . O    The Russian Campaign  S  Valuable deposits of coal have been  discovered in Nigeiia.  Will   be  Sent  to  Summer  Camps  and  Given  Experience  in the  Handling of  Troops  There are at present a little over  3.700 ofiicois in Canada who .are as  yet unattached to any expeditionary  unit, although they have been duly  commito-ioncd and have qualified.  These officers, ere now waiting fo be  attached logularly for overseas service.  In order to give them practical training in handling men, the Minister  oi Militia proposes to order them out  for training at-the various siiuiinA  crimps, where they will-be given op-,  poilunily of actual experience in,  drilling and handling troops. It is  possible that in order fo utilize' at  least a part of this surplus of officers  a ncheme will be devised to enable  them to become attached as non-commissioned officois and sec active service while waiting for an opportunity  to become regularly attached as commissioned officers.  A part of the surplus will be ab-  soi bed at once in making up the wantage oi ollicersi in the fiahting of the  la.st three weeks on the Yores salient.  The casualty list indicates (hat nearly  500 additional officers will b-i required  to fill the gaps, and this will moiv  than exhaust any- surplus of Canadian  officers at  present in England. .  The most of the surplus officers are  in the infantry and artillery. Tliero  are some .'',000 commissioned lieutenants in tho infantry for whom places  cannot he found at nresent.  Stating the Truth  "T thought you said if Mabel refused vou, vou would surelr die?"  "I clid." *  "But she turned you down, and  you're still living."  "Yes. but I still expect to 'he _omc  day."���������Dctioit l?rec   Press.  Total     Collapse   of    Austria-Hungary  is in Piospect  In the Russian campaign are vital  implications. Should the Russi'an  hammer pound its way forward, it  would suggest the approaching collapse of Austro-Hungary. The Flaps-  burg Emperor has in the held the  maximum forces that he can summon. Reserves aie practically exhausted. If his armies occupying  carefully fortified positions are not  able to hold" their line and arc compelled fo make a disheartening and  material-destroying retreat, it is  difficult to see how they can prevent  the invasion of the Hungarian plain  and further, bar the route toward  Germany that , the Russians have  long indicated that they wished -to  follow. The crushing of < Austro-Hungary would cut off Turkey from her  Teutonic allies, bring Roumania into  the field, and might easily mark the  final stage of the war. Gorman comment, while still boastful, shows that  Germany realizes further isolation,  would be fatal.      < '  Russia has devoted acyear to the  recruiting and equipment of ^.new-  armies. How many have been recruited no outsider knows, but the  only limitation is the procuring of  supplies. Every factory in Russia  has been busy, and likewise the factories of Japan, while from this  country, via Archangel and via Vla-  divostock, has gone for six month's a  steady flow of munitions. The accumulation of supplies must be  large, for the Russian armies, except for a try-out, last winter and  the operations 'in Asia Miliar, have  been quiescent. Now Russia is again'  on the march, tho time and circumstances being of her own choosing.  It is not strange that report of dejection comes from Vienna, for Vienna knows that she is to feel the  first force of the impact. Unless Hin-  denburg is able to cr eate a diversion  in, Corn-land that wiU'divert Russian  strength, the task of Austro-Hun-  carv is very' heavy*.���������From the New  York Globe. -     .  -"An-'Irish soldier "had lost his loft  eye in action, but was, allowed to" remain in the service on consenting to  have a glass eye in its place. Being  a typical "absent-minded beggar/'~ne  appeared on parade one dav minus  his .left "lamp."  "Nolan," said the officer, "you are  not properly dressed. Why* is your  aitificial eye not in its proper place?"  "Sure, sir." replied Nolan, "I left it  in my box lo keep an eye on my kit  while I'm on parado.  Two thousand seven hundred dogs  have been shipped by train from Paris  to various parts of the front for the  purpose of combating the plague of  rats that troubled the French trenches  Salmon fishing in Scotland is brisk  this season, and in some districts  ladies have taken to the craze. A Tay  angler in six days' fishing caught 31  salmon, weighing 511 lbs.  'Would    you call  stingy  man  'Well.  Uncle    Peter a  no;   I'd   mcrcly  say that he had all his generous impulses under perfect control."���������Boston Transcript.  Wireless' Saves Many Lives  The  History   of   Marconi's   Great   Discovery   is      Short, But Most Dramatic-      A  Glorious  Trinity  Tn an Ohio town is a colored man  whose     last     name     is   Washington.  Heaven   has  blessed   him   with   three  sons.  When tho first son arrived tho. father named him George Washington.  In due time the second son came. Naturally he was christened Booker  Washington. When the third man-  child was born his parent was at a  loss, at first, for a name for him.  Finally, though, he hit on a suitable  selection.  The third son, if-he lives, will go  l.hrough life as Spokane. Washington.  ���������Saturday Evening Post.  8  \ Landlady���������What did the poet mean  when he said, "The substance of  things hoped for, the evidence of  things unseen"? Boarder���������Hash, probably.���������Judge.  Germans   Conceal   their   Losses  Mr. ��������� Hi lad re Belloc, the eminent  military critic has, after a. visit to  Paris, where he examined the records of the War Office, compared  the lists of German prisoners with  those published in Germany, and  with the private lists in towns and vil-  ages where the prisoners hailed from.  He also analysed the figures issued  by Berlin for 1914-15. and arrived at  the conclusion that ���������5,500,000 men had  been permanently lost to the German  fighting forces by Jan. 1, 1916, leaving only 5,000,000 out of the original  9,000,000 maximum possible recruitment of German men effective for war.  "I gorry, I'm tired!" "There you go!  You're tired! Here I he a-standin'  over a hot stove all day, air' you  workin' in a nice cool sewer!"  You can put all the United States  exce'pt"Alaska in Brazil and have 200i-  000 square miles left.  There   is   one    man    whose  stands  out  amid   tho   conflict  of  the  European  war for what  he has done  to save life.    While other destroy, he  preserves.  And this man is Chevalier Marconi,  who invented and perfected the wonderful "w-reless" telegiaphy. To him  belongs the credit of saving life all  over the world, since to his great invention thousands of people owe their  lescuc from  maritime disaster.  The history of wireless telegraphy  is still short. As recently as 1S99 messages were first sent from England to  France, while in 1002 the "waves" he  had mastered, cariied .-reelings between Canada and .England.  The first case on .record of "wifeless" being employed by a ship in dis-  tros occurred on March 3, 1899. On  this date the R. F. Matthews ran  into the East Goodwin lightship during a heavy fog. The weather conditions would, in the old days, have  rendered the work of rescue very  difficult, if not impossible. But the.  R. F. Matthews was equipped with  what was then a. novelty���������Marconi's  system of wireless telegraphy. Messages were sent ashore and speedily  brought lifeboats lo the rescue.  During the next ton years, instances  are recorded of wireless aiding ships  iu difficulties, but, not until .1909 was  public interest really roused in this  matter.  On January 2.3, 1909. just ten years  after the case of the R. F. Matthews,  the Florida rammed and sank the  great White Star liner the Republic,  off the Nantucket Lightship, some  thirty miles from the American coast.  The story of the loss of the Republic is the story" of the pluck of Jack  Finns, the wireless operator. Binns  at once began to send out urgent calls  for help "C. Q. D." Through the  ooui-dloss air the magic letters sped,  beinc- recorded by every wireless receiver f,r hundreds of miles. And  in finswei ships changed their courses  and hurneo to the scene of the disaster,  ' Sixty miles away  was the    Baltic,  name separated from the sinking liner, with  its two thousand human, souls, by a  de-ise fog. And from half past six at  night the Baltic scoured the surface  of the o'/iiii on its errand of mercy.  All through the long hours Binns sat  at his instrument sending out messages and directions to the shixi coming to the aid of the Republic.  And then, at night, after a day of  zigzagging two hundred miles on tho  ocean, the Republic sent the welcome  woid to the Baltic that they were  close together. The lookouts on the  ships could see nothing, but the wire-  ie>b operators knew. And so the pas  On board wore 2.201 passengers and  crew, while the v< ssel itself had cost  well over one million pounds to build.  Yet in a moment she became a helpless wreck.  The wireless operator sent his call  for help broadcast info the air, and  it was answered by the Carpathia,  which, vessel steamed as quickly as  | possible to the rescue. But before she  had reached the scone of the disaster  the Titanic had sunk. Out of the 2.000  odd human beincs 712 were saved  from the lifeboats of the ill-fated vessel. And it is quite accurate to say  that, but for the wireless call, most,  if not all of these must have perished  from exposure.  But it is not possible to mention  even all the most lemaikablc rescues  effected by wiroles.-. 'Iheic was the  Yulturno. which caught fire 1,000  miles w-st of the   11 is.li coast, and in  The London Daily Mail's Berna  coriespondent, writing on internal  conditions in Germany says:  "The morale of the civilian population is considerably shaken by privations and the morale of the army-lo  some extent is .-iffected by- the news  fiom home, as well, no doubt, as by  the heavy losses at the front. An officer of a' Prussian Guard regiment  recently said:  '_'JWe can win more, victories at a  price, but each victory brings us nearer to defeat.'' ' ,.,'..  "But (hei nation is    kept "together,  still   by  a 'carefully-  inspired   fear' of  'intended   repris-Ms   by   tho   Allies-  murder,   pillage   and   arson���������and *by  the idea that the Allies intend tifter,  victory to tear  the empire .to  pieces.,'  "The German army and civilians  are by no means in a mood 'to throw ,  themselves on the mercy of'the"Allies, "'  nor are they reduced-to the condition '  of a garrison whose'lighting men see,  their rations daily reduced.  "To  break the-.fighting spirit  of-a'  nation at  bay,   something more than  economic   pressure  must   be   applied.".*  The German's must see with their-eyes  that  they   cannot hold  the   iinrs \\ds  the enemy's country, remember) whicS  they have prepared. Just as the early;  confidence of civilian Germany , wjis '  inspired   by   names   on   the   maps���������  Brussels,    Antwerp,  Lille,    Belgrade,  Warsaw,   Mon astir���������so   their, morale  and their mental staying power, undetermined   by   privations,   must  finally be broken,by names on the maps.  "After making every possible 'inquiry of everybody I could find who  has lived in Germany recently enough  to be fairly competent to judge. I believe that if the Germans are forced  permanently to evacuate one large  tovyn on .the Western front, whose  na'ne could not be lied off the map.  wo'might at last be able to say thai  the internal conditions of Germany-  were bringing victory  within sight.'-  senders of the Republic were saved bv I ;"*--w'*r. to ihi\ ^"'eless appeal no lo**s  means of wireless telegraphy. ,{]1'��������� ('k'von ���������"h,',<" wn,t t0 tho rcscuo'  This   splendid   rescue   brought   the  saving altogether 521 lives.  use. of wireless'for saving life well  before the world. Shipowners at once  began to see. the necessity of having  their vessels fitted with it. Marconi  had fully proved his right to the honor  of saving life.  The following year, after the saving  of the Republic, wireless telegraphy  was put to still another use. In the  autumn of that year an American inventor named Welhnan sot out in his  dirigible balloon, patriotically called i saved.  America, to cross the Atlantic. In  theory the idea was good: in practice  it went wrong. Presently Wellmanand  his band of devoted helpers found  themselves drifting aimlessly about  over the wide Atlantic, with apparently little hope of rescue. But the wireless operator with the balloon succeeded in calling aid to the stricken  airship.  This was one of the first cases where  two of the marvels of the age���������wireless telegraphy and-airships���������came into contact. Since then wireless telegraphy has been adapted to all sorts  and sizes of nir craft.  While the Republic was the instance  which first drew attention to the  powers of wireless, the story of the  Titanic excels it in drama. On its  maiden voyage across the Atlantic  this gigantic liner struck an iceberg  in mid ocean on the night of April  14, 1912.  Then again, when the Empress of  Ireland was struck by the Storstad n  wireless .call ended in the saving of  452 lives. .  But the instances arc endless. And  tin* modern usages of war have multiplied them. Of'this.period nothing as  yet can be written; we must wait" till  the coming days of peace.  But brief mention may be made of  the  Lusitania,   when   76-i  lives    were  A word here as to the call used���������  S. O. S.���������is not out of place. "C. Q.  D." the original call for danger was  adapted from the old "all stations,"  or general, call of the 'telegraphy.  But at the first International Wireless  Congress it was suggested and approved that a better call was "S. O.  S.," which by* its arrangement of dots  and dashes is different from any other  call. *      ��������� .  "S. O. S-" has no special meaning.  It is not intended to express "Save  our Souls!" or anything else equally  dramatic. This call is an international one, and has the same meaning in all languages..  As the number of vessels carrying  wireless equipment increases, so the  peril of the sea grows less. Marconi  has robbed the ocean of much of its  terror; Old Neptune is slowly being  muzzled.���������From Answers, London.  Queen Mary's  Needlework Guild  Letter Received From Lady Iiawley  ," Expresses Appreciation of-Work  ���������  ,"o������; Canadian ."Women   ���������'  * The following is an extract' from  a letter received by the r Montreal  branch of Queen Mary's Needlework  Guild from Lady Lawley, Hon. Secy,  at the Guild Headquarters in London,  Eng:���������  "I hardly know how to thank all  those who have so kindly contributed,  and hope you will come to my aid by-  conveying the expression of Hcr-Ma- '  jesty's appreciation lo the various  branches and individual workers who  have contributed to your last consignment. Her Majesty was much interested in the Indian made socks, and  much astonished what one of Her  little, petticoats has been and is doing  for the cause, as we sec that in addition to 6 cases of comforts madefrom  the proceeds 'of this little petticoat,  there is more to follow.  "The South. African picture books  arc delightful, and I will send them  to one of the Officers' Hospitals.  "The dressings have been despatched to Cliveden Hospital as requested.  "I must not forget to mention the  comfort bags from Yarmouth, which  were lovely and will be much appreciated.  "Should you by any-, chance get any  women's , and children's things, I  should now be glad of a few, as I am  l'-kccPfor some for widows and orphans of officers, and as you know,  our department for women and children has been closed.  "Could you let Mrs. Hamilton know-  that her shirt was quite correct?  "Willi renewed thanks,  Yours trulv,  (Signed) ANNIE LAWLF.Y  Hon.  Secy.  The  Rising Generation  Odd are some of the answers which  the rising generation offer in their  examination papers. Here are a few  of the latest:  "Parliament consists of the House  of Commons and House of Gods."  "The population of New England*  is to dry for farming."  "The grand divisions of North America are wheat, rye. corn, barley, and  so forth.���������Canadian  Courier.  Her   Proof  "I've, brought back those eggs yon  gave me this morning." said the now  brido, as she began to take the articles in question from tlie basket.  "They're duck eggs."  "Duck eggs!" sneered the grocery-  boss. "You're mistaken, ma'am. I  don't never sell no duck eggs."  "But   I   tested   them,"   iriumphod  the matrimonial  novice.    "I dropped  them into water and they floated."���������  Judge.  Canada Doing Her Share  Canada is bearing its full share ol  the brunt of the fighting in Europe,  and the ties to the. British Empire are  thereby still further strengthening.  Tho. loyalty of the British oversea.-,  dominions is one. of the great elements  of strength of the entente powois.  which was long since proved.���������Springfield Republican.  "Have you got nny windows to  clean or floors to scrub?" asked tho  tramp, as he presented himself at the  back door.  "Dear me!" replied the woman;  "you don't look like-a man who would  clean windows or scrub floors."  "Oh. no!" said the wanderer, "that  ain't in'my line. I'm looking for w������il'  for the missus."  i   J.-.i-'H  -J*:  ���������,->'ji  ',-.   .'ft.      v.*. *l  ���������>'/_  maMrtr.-MI-W'v-  .' :,���������",*��������������� THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  >~-r>'*-���������..*.<  _54" *.'���������-_-  _���������<-.  _--<-���������.  ������������������'.-"������������������������������������^V ..'  _���������>""������������������_ ta*--^������- *������������  '*���������������������������_ i*^**-)  '.--,-'*.' -,>  ,V*    ���������  "*4-C**3-t.  to*' *���������   _*_  - -   -"-," -J ������������������ - , ' "^y      *  .y.v**v;<^*^-v-^fttf  ������������������A _������*������* ���������*-*_*-j__'-*^,������__t'$'_!  ^fi_������. ^ - %���������** f  ^  /C  v' <������ >*ro  ;*.'--.  eer^i  f-^.  -.���������i? .S3  v.- ,  S������*__s__,i-?:**:. rsSM  ^������ts*  /'--.  r'*'*01  i^r"-  ���������4?  >>:  *** *&t  > '  _*.;i^.i-������.������"j  ���������*v  i_Sl*"<'-  r^ *-Z "     "f J  r#i  <Jes/er Pti/n/J  afji/co/ec/  cT///r  Rt ���������*_*���������'*������������������ 5*?f  _.*'y^ ���������^������rf-_'"'^  -j*-^*^*-*** .  <r*-&*-&s������#.  -^ *-;_*������_#/  A-  *_v3r-  _*_P_.7_f^*___*_.*.j-  ,  _l.    ** c*_-  *;"���������*;;���������;**������������������  "������������������"^���������Jri-'  ������������������viy.i  ���������_������f.  ������vi  jR**.V .?_���������.-?_**_..*  ��������� *,Ti*V*-  ���������*.-  >  iV"^Ki*-i*1 -- * .V  L"*>* *__     *M     _*"t  ;���������;#'��������� /���������,-*'r*a'';**-**  *��������� :'1  yytf- ���������.;'. ��������������� _������ >-*r-"*'P^t!*������_" - fj ���������  ���������"   .'J? ;*!' ���������      ���������-   . '-%i  / .^'.   *  / -������������������ - ��������� J-   ���������      .'   "���������--    ���������  _ i     .*���������>���������" *"  /:-,-. ;.   |-  Jt ;;   -"���������. -v   -.<'.m  /'������������������>'   'f- i    '        '      "'���������*������������������    ���������"  .1    *���������'������������������*-���������*     J9 g   ���������'    ' ���������    ���������    *- i ������ ���������     ."���������  ���������K *   '   *��������� *. if        '"-:.   r ������������������"���������> ���������������'  ,v^s������t.^-���������������������������*���������'"������������������.������������������ \m\  ������?"r*<-.l.;-^'-: ���������>-.>?���������?'  A- C ������������������>���������������' ���������.���������*:-'��������� i������'- .'-������!  .** -1  ^������      ���������������/���������     :���������-     ������������������    ;--r-.*':,,r v  ";*��������� ,-'  y������--**_j_*>]_i*  i^,.  t.v* .���������*������������������������������������.:������,.'  __:  !_*__  *���������*-:  :Sv  "���������*i_*���������"**���������":-������������������ i  7s.   ^  *���������   -.*.   -^  '  ���������"  VD*"''''  . *.---_ti(ii*A-  v.������   i  s.h  *^._  *'*..  ������������������.**���������  '*    -**  - *:>'wS������������-^.>* - __l  ���������-.-.v  T_   ������������������  ^    : -   ������*i -x.  *!} _.**������      .     '  .'-ir--*1'-':*'  .*���������-*" ������*  '���������  .-. !*      ���������*  ������  _i_rj   ������.  :/  !/  tfSfc  RE women becoming more modest that they  insist upon covering up their necks despite  the register   of the   thermometer?    No, that  can hardly be the answer, for w ith the covering of the  ���������   necks the length of the skirt still remains questionably  short.    Perhaps the reason is that- one feels better ;  'dressed and more becomingly dressed with something  soft and fluffy about the neck.    This, most likely, is  the reason why the vogue.of summer furs was instigated.    And then, for   another   reason,   the   frisky  breezes at the shore often make it necessary to wear  something about the throat.    There are many women  who are following the vogue of wearing summer furs,;  but they are in the mindrity.    The other percentage,������������������-'���������;  ^ 'however, demanded a substitute and have been given  a choice of wonderful airy neckpieces that will prove  just as kind to one's features as the fur piece.  In years gone by one was offered not more than  two models of maline ruffs from which to make a  choice.   This season the variety is strong.   .  The cape idea is carried out effectively in the  ruff of gray maline. . The ends are finished with gray  ribbon and a jeweled ornament.  In the flesh-colored ruff a stiffer quality of  maline is used. The effect is quite Elizabethan.  Loops of black ribbon are cleverly introduced at intervals around the collarette and tied into a loopy bow  at the side. Such a ruff snaps together beneath the  ear and must be worn fastened in order to get the proper  effect.  A graceful finish for the summer frock is the raxT  madn of tulle in all the rainbow colors. A rich'touch  is given to the piece in the form of purple morning-  glories and purple ribbon loops and ends.  Another close-fitting ruff is shown in the model  of brown tulle, A flat bow of the material at the back  lends a coquettish note, while a bow of brown satin  ribbon finishes the line pf closing at the front.  The ruff of ribbon or silk is just as fashionable  ias those of the flimsy materials; in fact, it is newer  this season. In the blue ruff picoted silk has been  cut and arranged to form jester points.  Sines women insist upon finishing the throat with  fcOiSethiiig geft and fluffy, it might as well be something C0ol as well as stylish for the summer days.  tWkieh one ef this group do yoii ptef������rl  ���������JV  ���������*i>.  _*���������  ,-f  f  t   \ ���������      -9  .-ji*- *- I  *   ^*__.  .....:������������������-*-^^.  .���������������-.-*-.._*_  fi  _       _    ������������������    **>��������� ��������� ���������������       i ��������� *i     s >n    , ...I a   ** ���������    ������������������ ���������       ^THsf ii- 'jiwiccr -j-*1-**-. v_*  "       "  . v-. '^fs-v-'^-v^^iC^-^^ff-w;^  -_/ .'*-   *���������-��������� *-'|*_f������ft������f'iri. ���������* "i   r*--T -1:*-"- -*������ - ;,��������� ��������� ���������fV  -'-/���������'    fl  .i. &...    * *  _**_J  ?**���������������.  $!&&������������������*���������**'  >���������&&  m* w  ' **J_2 ^   ' ���������  ���������"���������*.*i'<'*_  \  \  r7'  ���������v*     *������������>* .    .      ���������   *.  vA, ^^rt?':*���������*���������.������:_���������'--uv   .v.**.  ���������4"5*-i���������������'*',*  *~ *������5tM  . ������^-'*<  *  Bt, "J*''***������,'J  ffti  ���������v \  ���������* .**  ��������� *.. ���������    r.'i yi  -.1  .' .'.������������������;��������� -    *. ���������������������������**-'������ i^  * ���������';���������*���������������������������<���������&������  'Jr  ***        -���������_  '-*'���������'*���������        -      V- '���������'  _w'    ���������  f "���������  *.'������>***_.  ***   ^*J*> ",'" ,������.-  -T--V ������r3pL ���������-. ,   >  -fa?  . W"  -it*"- .-"���������V.  . ���������������  ;���������..  _\**-^?  -.  ���������JK&  /#/?'  ���������?f  / /���������.*.���������������  , :  '.,'.  _,,   k i       ^  ., ������������������.v**,,-;/*-*  ^v^v^w?:^?S_5  *^r (~<?pe j<re& j/& r/a/sftG  :.*  r-������������' -  t..r������ _ ���������  /.^���������.J'.i".     **" .^ -'       '*-.���������      S^l^Z. I* *  K������.,.V>*"H'---. *;:'v*i-'. ;^.y_^_2>^  R_^ i ��������� *���������  . *������ ������     *���������������*������������������      ^"_ "1 . ' i_ *^     ������if ***f��������� -B-gf   ���������^-^^ *?���������s  ia~������������s������-B-_-ife-aiiA^^  fn-y-i'-riT-T i<i,'.' ->v>int''7"ft������.)������i,'  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B..    C.  Farming of the  AncientRomans  Much "Can   be     Learned   "From     *he  [)     *,   . Farmers   of  Ancient  Times  l It would doubtless^ surprise many  | farmers were they to'pick up certain  ( works translated out of long dead  . languages and i-ead their observations  f and directions concerning agriculture  - so strictly up-to-date, and so perfcin-  ;ent to our own time, that it would  i'be hard to convince the reader that  '-they were written by men who lived  'and thought two or three thousand  years ago.  This is especially true of the writ  was buried under trie-'lava'of Mount [        **pi,0 G-J^n.^ nf r-������.������_-_ _.-_.,  Vesuvius in the year 79 and remained I -     **L-ne &*ege OI *Uerma_iy.  undisturbed for 'more than 1,500 years,  -   "���������,i������������"   ���������-;_._    ._ _-__!__ j       ���������-'.  *������ -*3**������Ib  a "wipe" joint as perfectly- made as  though done by a twentieth-century  plumber.  Conscientious Objectors  Various Ways to Use in the War Those  Who Object to Carrying a  Rifle  It is clear that not only tlie duration of a siege but^also its signs and  symptoms vary with the area besieged.- 'Above  a certain area, every)  matures. But to seize it we have finally to reckon with our chief���������in a just  sense our only���������-enemy, Germany.���������  The Nation.  Instruction in Agriculture   ' ' ~ "��������� ���������" ��������� -r*-,1, ;,; -*!^Tt  Bureau of Social Research | Canada's Supply of Nic__el^|||  increase   adds   disproportionately    to  the   resources   available   immediately  and  remotely.      Under  the  stimulus  m,     -.t       -7    ,   ���������,. -r.        _,  i J.necesslt.v Problems of support and  lhe New York Times says: Eecent j defence   are   reduced   lo   their   essen-  ij'iogs of Pliny, Varro, Columella and  yCato, celebrated Romans who 'lived  land wrote in the first and second cen-  Jturics of the Christian era. Pliny,  iJVarro and Cato were much engaged  [tn the service of the state, but Colu-  t'mella seems to have been a farmer  pll his life. The others, however,  ������������������found time to write'entertainingly of  agriculture, Varro's works being considered the most important treatise  ion ancient agriculture that lias come  Stlqwn to us.  L Columella was one of the most learu-  'ad of the  Roman writers on agricul-  l-ure," and  his  works   on this subject  htyled "The" Book of the Farm" made  {twelve  books,  the' one "on  gardening  feeing "wholly  in.   verse.   He  describes  [bheese-making, in which process reu-  S'heJ; was used as it is today. He was  ^s 'enthusiastic over alfalfa as is Jos*  feph E. Wing in our time, and his dis-  Jsburses on irrigation, drainage,' culti-  _ VationVand oh-the importance of per-  Ipiittrng'the land to lie fallow, are as  I'soiind today-as when they were writ-  jjten for the Roman farmers 2,000 yeais  TJago. *  I* ' When in my teens  I  attended the  '[academy in which I obtained the ma-  i-or part of my school learning, certain  ib'f  the "advanced    pupils,  who    were  seeking to" obtain  some little knowledge  of  the' 'ancient  Greek  language  H'ns a preparation for'college, had quite  a  good  deal  to   say  about  a certain  ^ancient Greek " writer    named Xenophon, whose chief work, the Anabasis,  ^described the wars in Persia and elsewhere in which he had an important  &part.  I was not particularly interested in  the expedition of Cyrus, and it was not  until many years after that I learned  ���������^that this same Xenophon.    when    he  jtook off his  armor,    was  a  peaceful  ffai-mer,  and    that he   wrote    a book  rcalled "Economics," in, which he set  |forth   his   views   of  agriculture   in*-a  '^.language    and, with    an' intelligence  '(that showed that he was as much at  -���������'home with the plow as with the"swor'd.v  t!    He also wrote a book on the horse  i-Hhat.-is so timely that -it. might jhave  !������ been written yesterday.". ���������"   ������������������ -i-   -  v   Xenophon in this treatise notes how  a .man may be least deceived 'in- the  purchase of a horse, from  which ^we  may  conclude  that -there   were' gyps  \! in those days' as well as in our time.  !' Among other things he  says:  "I will  V now explain how a man may run the  j, least risk of being deceived when con-  f jecturimr the future height-of a hoise.  ������������������The young horse which, when foaled,  \ has  the  shank   bone  longest*,  invairi-  ,'ably turns out the tallest, for'as'time  J, advances the shank bones of all quad-  f rupeds^increase, but little; but that the  rest of the body may be svmmetrical  it increases  with  them." This seems  i also an answer to the often asked ques-  \ tion, are the legs  of a  newly foaled  colt as long as they will ever be?  -But Xenophon's knowledge "of agri-  i) culture was by no means confined to  horses. Green manures  are discussed  [?' in our day  as if they were a recent  discovery', ^and   yet  more   than "2,000  years   ago "this   wise    Greek    wrote:  "When the c'orn 'is'up'and it is high  in the blade, if you then turn it into  "the ground with a plow it will greatlv  enrich the land and give it as much  strength as a rich dunging would do."  He   we-11   understood   the   importance  of  thoroughs  or    drtches  in    seeded  fields for draining the wet places, as  well   as  tho   desirability   of   "reaping  with the wind ".He talks like a seasoned   modprn 'farmer of  the  import-  once of cutting weeds in'the hot part  of summer, as well as" of frequent cultivation in  a  dry    time.      In short,  I}" there seem to be few of what are considered- the   essentials   in   twentieth-  century agricultural practice that were  hot * perfectly   familiar  to  Xenophon,  who,  upon  every _   occasion    extolled  agriculture,  deeming those most fortunate  who  were engaged in  it.    He  regarded  husbandry  as  "mother and  nurse -of all''other sciences," a sentiment that L have heard expressed of-  ', < ten.  .       But 'agriculture   was   not   the sole  topic of this wise Greek.      He wrote  ���������   entertainingly   on   the   training  of   a  wife, in which  he indicated  a course  r   that in his judgment would make the  perfect helpmeet.  Here  is  one of his  observations:  "It is  more convenient  for a woman to be at home and mind  her own domestic 'affairs   than to gad  abroad." That sounds like a  bit out  . of Puritan  New England; but Xenophon proceeds in the next instance to  give  his opinion  of  the  cotbetty    in  this language-.-"It is as shameful for  a man to be -it home idling when his  business requires him to be abroad."  We get a glimpse, too, of another side  of the Greek .woman,    which    shows  that human nature is the same in all  ages.    The model  wife it  seems was  so desirous  of  appearing fair in the  . ejres of her husband that on one occasion   she' was  moved  to  paint her  face with a certain cosmetic, attempt-  -: ing to make it fairer than it was; and  with another mixture had endeavored  to increase the  natural bloom Lof her  cheeks;  and   also  had  put  on  higher  shoes than ordinary to make her look-  taller than she  naturally  was." How  like  this   ancient   Greek     dame   are  hundreds of women  in, French heels  that Harriet and I see every time we  visit our nearest city, and how kindly,  yet. effective,   was  the husbandly rebuke in wbich**the ��������� wife was  assured  that her "own  person in  its natural  perfections   is   preferable   to   all   the  paint  and  ointment  you   can  use to  set it off."  ('   Thus it will be seen that in spite of  l.centuries of development we are not  so very far    ahead    of the    ancients  after all.   One of my friends who has  travelled    extensively  and    kept his  eyes open, saw. in the ruins of exca-,  vated Pompeii, the Italian city that'Judge.  talk about the possibility of a war  out of which this country could not  keep or be kept has revealed the existence here of people who have or  profess conscientious scruples in doing  their part with othei citizens in such  a contingency and sharing the common risks. There is interest for us,  therefore, in seeing how .another country with the same problem has handled it.  The English have 'shrewdly decided  that scruples against fighting, to be  conscientious and deserving of recognition���������to be sincere, that is, and not  a mere cloak for cowardice or treason  ���������must have been entertained and  expressed for some time before the  war began. The Quakers, Plymouth  Brethren, and others who,.can meet  that'test are excused from becoming  out-and-out soldiers, serving in the  trenches and shooting or shooting at  those whom they ./'call their fellow-  men. But they are not let "off. altogether. rThey- are conscripted like  other people, 'yet only as non-combatants, and they have to use the  spade' instead of the rifle.  Curiously enough, this seems, to  satisfy their delicate conscience-, anrij  apparently they fail to realize that  the work they do is just as, much a  part of war as that of anybody else  who is engaged in it, and that it has  a very direct -bearing on the- deaths  of the Germans or others who try to  take the trenches they dig. ' Indeed,  it is reported they are proud of the  fact that though tliey do 'no killing  themselves, not infrequently their  work takes them under fire, and that  their, lives are by no means safe.  It is to be* hoped that our own conscientious' objectors .will be equally  illegorical arid inconsistent when their  time of trial comes, if ever it does.  At any rate, the British solution of  the problem is well worth keeping'in  mind, for-even if it should tend to increase the membership of sects of the  religio-pacifist,sort no great harm will  be done: Modern- war needs the service of as many civilians or non-combatants as of mien taking part" in the  actual fighting, and those thus engaged are as honorably employed as are  those onc**the firing "line,-*.though, of  course, they haven't the same opportunities of acquiring glory and do not  share the stem joys of battle.  .  One [Result of tlie War,  .*\-      '    t-     t. -      -   _ *��������� s i "  Heavy    Emigration'   From"' European  1 :-* Countries"  is Sure to  Follow  Unless the European governments  place a big emigration head tax on  citizens leaving their countries after  the war, their military reserves will  not be-as large * as many figure. A  typical letter was received in "this, city  from' a y"ouhg*~ Welshman serving in  the -.trenches -in Flanders, part of  which ran as follows:  "Twenty-five of my mates, alone  with myself, have made up a little  emigration club among" ourselves.  Those of us who get through this  mess will club our valuables together  and their off .to Canada, where we  will farm. Ten of us were in commercial houses, five worked on farms in  England and Wales, and the other ten  did various factory jobs. Not one of  the chaps who worked under a roof  will ever do it again and the farmers  don't want to go back to the Old  Country. We hear land can be bought  for next to nothing in Canada, and T  wish you would send us particulars  hy return post."  Other recipients of correspondence  from the fighting lines of the belligerents report similar sentiments, and  it looks as if Europe will not only  not have to contend with a great influx of men on their labor markets,  but that governments will actually  have to offer threats or inducements  to retain their best citizens.��������� Wall  Street Journal.  Calculating Cows  Statistics     Prove   That  Cow     Testing  Pays    for ; the,; Trouble  Many Times Over  In virtually any dairy district, probably among the heids supplying one  factory, it is possible to find contrasts  running something like this: one herd  of 14 cows gives on the average 7,732  lb. mill* and 213 lb. fat, while a neighbor's herd of 14 cows averages onlv  4.037 lb. milk and 155 lb. fat."Indeed,  in looking over the records in eleven  districts, the average difference he-  tween the high herd averages and the  low ones amounted to 4,1539 lb. milk  and 140 ib, fat per cow. This is certainly an extraordinary difference,  and indicates that it will pay to cal  culate what cows can do.  Take it another way: tn 1014, sixty  patrons of two creameries'began this  cow calculation, cow testing. It was  round in I'M5 that their herds had  made a gain over their I!M3 record of  71 pounds of fat per cow, a gain of  eight per cent. But on the other  hand the 1913 patrons of the same two  creameries who did not go in for cold  calculations fell off 87 pounds of fat  per cow. seventeen  per cent.  If the men not cow testing had  made gains with their cows in the  two years as those made who were  testing, it would have meant an increase in the output of 58,362 pounds  of butter!  It pays to test. Record forms are  furnished free of charge on application to the Dairy.Division, OttaWii  Her Proof  "I've brought back those eggs you  gave me this morning," said the new  bride, as she began to take the articles in question from the basket.  "They're duck eggs."  "Duck eggs!" sneered the grocery  boss. "You're mistaken, ma'am. I  don't never sell no duck eggs."  "But I tested them," triumphed  the matrimonial novice. "I dropped  them into water and they floated."���������  ��������� 4  tials, and made capable of solution  in that vast and fascinating sphere  of substitutes In the case "of small  besieged areas, the progress of the  sieice can he seen; but with larger  and more highly organized areas it  can onlv be deduced with difficulty.  Yet nothing can be more necessary  in a war which now engages the whole  nation than that we should have some  trustworthy knowledge of the temper  and resources of tho enemy.  At the outset, it is necessary to .realize that Germany is besieged. The  essentials of a siege are a limited urea  and resources, gravely disproportionate to those of the. besieging army.  This, beyond question, is tlie state  of Germany. All the wild dreams of  salvation from the east have now been  proved bankrupt. The corridor lo  Turkey*is now seen to he a channel  to draw off her resources. Germany  has been forced to send across it  stores of ammunition, skilled workmen, a sprinkling of-soldiers, and  some competent leaders. Her gain by  it is the distraction of the Allied command and tho disrjersion of our foices.  But the siege is not raised. Jn effect,  it is shortened by'the amount of supplies of munitions and men sent  -hrcr-p-li  to Turkey.  In  Germany at th'a moment there  i<-   -ri   undoubted   shortage   of.,food.  The "evidence  of  this  is  beyond  dis-  putf.    Hoarding  and   high ' organization  ultimately  amounting  to  rationing,  can  be seen  in   any siege,* Kut  being the most recent instance." 'But,  resides   the  shortage   of   food,' the*-3  is  a diminution in commodities rl-r-  ectly   rt cessary   for   the   conduct   of  war.     Stoiies   of   our   inhumanity   in  puventing Red Cross supplies reach  ing  Germany  now  match  those  vU'i  which     wc  are   ass tiled   for    ciisirrr  th.j eternal avenues of food   Nur-M-*-  are sarc to have d'icl for the l__k of"  i-ubbo'- gloves,  and Gc-many c'arrri-  for   carbolic    acid. -    The   interesting  feature  of  such    complaints    is  that  rubber  and    carbolic    acid  are    two  prime necessities of war, and a proper  proportion can only be preserved  for  hospitals if the direct war'supply is  restricted.   Carbolic acid is the parent  of  picric' acid,   melinite  lyddite,   and  can be decomposed into    the parent  of trinitro-toluene.    There is-a" shortage, also, *of metals. <  The   most    fundamental    shortage,  however, is of men.     If all the men \  could   be   devoted   to   intensive   agriculture and to chemistry these other  needs   could   be   satisfied.    And   this  should  be  sufficient  to  show  that, a  siege   is   essentially-   a   military   problem.    If a military decision could be  achieved the siege would end.    A recent order  of  the  German  war ministry  points  out   that  even  for _work  that  is  ','hoth  urgent -and **of- important for the  Conduct  of the  war"  exemption for trained    and skilled men  can   only   bo    granted     where    their  physique  is such  that they, are  only  fit   for- garrison   duty   and   non-combatant  service.     What,   then,   is   the  value of von ]\roltke's statement that  Germany   has  plenty   of   human   material.      Further   we  know    that  the  bulk   of   the   1916   class   has   already  been engaged, and'this, together with  tlie fact that even  skilled  hands  are  being  taken  from   munition   work,   is  sufficient    to   prove    that    the   man  supply is falling rapidly.     The "best  nualified   authority   of   Germany"   in  America  boldly  admits  that  the  war  is a draw.    There can be no defeated  side,   and   the   status   quo   ante   will  be  accepted.    Tn  the. light of such  a  stat^ment   ve   are   perfectly   justified  in deducing that the besieged has no  hope  of relief and  sees more  capitulation in prospect.     It is completely  unthinkable  that   a   responsible   German  could  ever have made such au  admission. otherwise.  Yet  how   to   reduce   this    besieged  fortress most  rapidly    is  a    question  of   some   difficulty.     The   area  under  siege is so wide and its.defence works  so   various  that  the  problem   bewilders   while   it   stimulates.       Yet   it   is  sufficiently    like  all  fortified    or entrenched     areas to  be considered  in  the  same    way.      The  aim of every  general     besieged   by   a   temporarily-  inferior but rapidly increasing enemy  is to push out his  lines, and  weaken  the  concentration   against  him.   That  was the real intention of the German  staff   in   involving   Turkey     in     the  struggle.     We   have   been; compelled  to -keep forces in  distant places.' But  in  attacking Turkey  in  force   we  are  suing  the   most   roundabout   way    to  end   the  war:    The  Turkish  field   re-  ���������presents  the most distant outer lines  of   the   fortress,   whereas   we   should  realize that on   the  western  front we  are  attacking the  key sector.    If  we  drive  in  the  western   front,  the- wa**  will he at an end.      But if we march  to the gates of Constantinople, if having put  Turkey out of reckoning  wp  advance to Belgrade, if we take Buda-  Pesth,   Germany  is   not  beaten,   and  will   not   necessarily   be   any   nearer  capitulation.  It is true that a victory in any  part of the field must have its influence upon the operations elsewhere*  and where lines of investment are  presumed impregnable as the defensive lines against which they stand  sentinel. It is tempting to force tbe  fighting on a sector where the manoeuvre war is still possible. Yet the  German lines can only be considered  impregnable by ignoring the lessons  of Neuve Chapelle, Loos and Carency.  and we do .wrong to think the cost  of an advance to Belgrade as less,  than that of breaking" through in  the west, merely because the casualties would be less immediate. Ulti-'  mfttely; they would probably he far  higher, while the effect would he far  less. But since through some division  of interesis and counsels wo have em-  harked upon riiajor offensive operations; in the east we must see them  through, and in this way so shorten  our lines against the main eneniv  that our preponderance of force will  be overwhelm  Serious  Agricultural     Education     Not  Yet Available in  Public Schools  At the present time most of the  Canadian provinces provide instruction in elementary agriculture for  pupils who attend the "public schools.  The teachers,���������for the most part girls  ���������are given a month's training in  some institution, and are then graduated as instructors of the subject. The  course usually covers Botany, Entomology Gardening, Animal Husbandry, Field Husbandry and Nature  Study. A nicely engraved certificate  is given at the end of the course and  the teacher goes home filled with the  happy dignity of having broadened  her .sphere of work.  These teachers cannot teach agri-  eultiiii*. cannot even make a bluff at  it. The fanner knows this. What  would happen if ho went to ask tho  local school teacher win instructs his  children in "Agriculture" for information regarding crop rotation on a  certain piece of land on his farmP-She  would probably turn to her note book  and read him something.taken down  from a professor's lecture. He would  gim if he were good natured, ifr not  he would say something.  Can you think of another subject  on the curriculum cf any institution  in which you would care to have your  child instructed hy a teacner of similar training? I think not.  In Canada we have not made agriculture   a  High  School   subject.    We  attempt  to   teach   the   veiy   elements  of the science, that is all. Should the  boy want turthor instruction he must  go to college.    All farmers' sons cannot do thi<*     The consequence is that  serious agricultural education lias not  yet touched, the masses of the farming communities, except through agricultural    journalism     and     societies  formed among tho farmers themselves.  In   the   United   States  more .is   being done."'  In the Duluth, Minn, high  school, practical work of a decidedly  "secondary"  nature  has  been  undertaken.    In 1014 the School Board voted $150.00'for the purchase of a creamery  outfit such   as  could   be   recommended  for a  farmer  with' ten  cows.  The    equipment,    all     hand      power  models, 'consists  of cream  separator,  combined   churn   anel   butter-worker,  butter printer, ice box, Babcock tester,  acidity test    ouftit,  salt test    outfit,  .moisture test scale, butter print scale,  cream scale, cream cans,  and minor  ".utensils.  ' The agricultural* department, then  in. its second year only, was already  one of the most active divisions of  Central High School; and the new-  equipment was received with such interest and enthusiasm 'that in the  1914-1915 school year the embryo  farmers made a total of 2,891 pounds  of the best creamery butter in 170  churm'ngs.  The Student Creamery Company of  the high school is an organization  .among the boys of the agricultural  department, similar on a small scale  to the most approved type of farmers'  co-operative creameries, for the purpose of obtaining both the manufacturing and the business experience of  creamery practice. Tire student members produce the cream and milk by  purchase, and sell to their creamery,  profits from which they share in proportion to their respective patronage.  Agriculture advanced enough to he  cf praetic.il benefit, cannot be taught  apart from tho farm. Why should,  there not be a school farm? Farming covld then be studied as a science,  as an art and as a business. The  cost would not be great for farming  is a profitable employment and the  school farm must not only run itself  but must also pay dividends on money  invested.  Of course there would, be many details to arrange, much preiudice to  overcome, in fact much hard' work- for  the agricultural educationalist who  would undertake the work.  "Elementary education should be  supplemented by secondary educa-  j tion. The high school graduate of  the 'future, if he is to spend his life  on the farm, should *be able to turn  to account_ knowledge obtained at  school. This cannot be done as our  courses of study now exist. Theory  should give place to practice.���������Montreal Family Herald.  Organized by the Governments of the  ��������� Three   Prairie   Provinces      r  ,  A Bureau of social research has  recently been organized under the  joint control of the provincial governments of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta in order to make a more careful investigation of general social welfare questions than has hitherto been  possible by any existing government  department or public institution.  The purpose is in general to  moke  lems with a view (a) to piornoting a  more general interest in social welfare,  (b) providing expert advice and assistance to any community desirous of  organizing its forces for more efficient  citizenship, (c) securing data which  will form the basis for sound and progressive legislation.  The functions of the bureau are twofold���������1st, to secure information'; this  will bo done through co-operation with  public and private agencies and by  special investigation, 2nd, to dissemi-  nato such information by means of  reports, bulletins, the public press,  lectures, correspondence, etc.  - Two kinds of investigation will be  carried on during tho first year���������(1)  The care of immigrants, with special  reference to the Ruthenians who are  settled in large numbers in the rural  districts of all' three provinces; (2*)  A preliminary enquiry with regard to  the feeble-minded, for whom as yet  there is no proper institutional care.  The three prairie provinces - have  much in common and have already  been co-operating in the provision of  institutions for the care of the/ various classes oi dependents and delinquents, including, tho blind, deaf and  dumb children.  Controlling the work of the bureau  there will be, in each province, an advisory council consisting of one" cabinet minister and five appointed members^ When the organization of these  provincial councils is completed two  representatives from each will form  an interprovincial council which will  be responsible for general'Dohcy.  Thp Dominion  Commission of Conservation   has   for   many   years   been  doing good work in .the collection and  dissemination of information  relative  to   the  natural   resources  of  Canada,  such  as forests,   water  powers,  soils,  etc.,   their  development   and    proper  conservation.   The work of the bureau  of Social Research will be in the probably more important direction of treating with the."human resources" and  in this work it is felt that the bureau  will  receive the unstinted  support of  the public.   To this end questions have  been sent to school teachers, ministers,  and   secretaries   of   farmers   and   women's   organizations   throughout    the  province enquiring _s to social conditions in various districts, and the general information^which .will be secured  in this i-way will "be supplemented by  particulars obtained  as  the result of  special studies in particular districts:  Minard's   Liniment   Cures   Garget  Cows.  Rich   Deposits   in   Cobalt   District   of  ��������� Great Value to the  Empire ,��������� '"  in Time of War  When the supply of nickel has become one of the foremost needs of the  Empire it is well fo recapitulate the  resources that Canada holds of the  coveted metal.  The   total  production   of   matte   a.  Sudbury, Ont., in 1915 was 67,703 tonsy  containing 39,216,105 pounds of copper  and  63,077,823  pounds  of  nickel,  and' '  -i     -i i      .-,  *���������> "API  a practical study of community prob-   valued by the producers at ������2,070 000  i ...ni.   . .:.     , ..   . ,* The tonnage of ore smelted (part be*.  ing previously  roasted)  was/ 1,272,283.  The production in 1914 was 46,396 tons  of matte, containing 2s.896,825 pounds '  of copper    and  45 T-17,937    pounds of  nicltel, and valu   1 at ������1,438,000.  The reported lecuvery, of nickel  from the ores of the Cobalt district1  was 55,325 -pounds of metals, and  200,032 pounds of nickel oxide. The  recovery in 1914 was S92,5'2 pounds  of nickel oxide. -About 60 per cent. <  of the Canadian nickel ^production i3  exported to the United States,.and a  far larger quantity of nickel finds its  way to the United Kingdom through  United States refineries than is exported directly from Canada.  The Canadian Government have  an agreement from the U. S. smelters  under which there is a practical certainty that none of our nickel goes to  the enemy.  :in  Scared the Germans  Canadians     Tell    of     Experiences   at  ;the  Front  Talking to some wounded soldiers  who hai been at the front since the  veiy beginning of active service for  the   Canadian    troops,   an   Associated  Two   Blockade   Policies   Compared  We could not if we would, have re-.  ���������quited submarine murder by submarine murder, because outside the Baltic Germany has no merchantmen at  sea    We had to,take another way, the  way of the Orders in Council;.and the  difference between that an Germany's  submarine   policy   was   that   wherea_  Germany got immediate results; ��������� oiu*3  were bound to be slow and ultimate.  Our  blockade   could  not  pinch   Germany at once; we knew that it could  only do ^so by long continuance, and  the longer it continued, the more it  would pinch.   On the other hand, Germany   could   start    massacring    our  merchant sailors   and  passengers  im- ' ���������  mediately, and she did so.   The hideous crimes against the Lusitania, the  Sussex  and  the   rest of  that, ghastly  list have been committed; the bones  of their victims lie in graves at the  'bottom of tho sea crying out for retribution.    It is seriously  to be argued *  that Germany can perpetrate such "an  orgy of massacre for fourteen months  and  then, just  when  her opponent's  hand in the game, the Order-in-Coun-  cil   blockade, -is   beginning 'to   make  itself felt  seriously,  can   turn  round  at' her own pleasure and cry quits,��������� , ���������  London Chronicle.  i-S������  Better Times for, the Farmers -  There-,appears to be^a general awakening to the fact that the farmer has  been for "a long time'.toting the butt  ,end of'the log "and there'seems to be.  more of a disposition to give him what  is coming to him. Ways and means of  doing justice "to the producer of the  country's material wealth are being  discussed with animation, if not always with wisdom; and if the agrf  cultural brethren will but keep their  ears to the'ground, they are likely to  hear much that is interesting. Those  who have been so long robbing the  farmer have apparently reached the  judicious conclusion that it is not safe  to pinch him anv harder, lest the  Press correspondent became "com-inced j giant: in Ms awakening, sinas]} things  that      the       Dominion's       soldier's ' Promiscuously. We have a feeling that  never had such an ordeal as during  the recent fighting, either in the way  of the remorseless character of the  Geiman artillery* fire or the terrific  experience of winning back the sector, from which high explosives had  wiped eveiything. Here, for instance,  is the iccord of Private (21715) Jones,  belonging to Moose Jaw. who was  thirteen months at the front. His  battalion \-as in tho trenches almost  continuously, both during the German  attack and later when the Canadians  counter-attacked :  All these latest wounded speak of  the artillery fire of both sides as being equally intense, hut whereas  the  the next twelve-month v. ill see a readjustment that will be immensely to  the farmer's advantage.  Safety First  In "Farm and Fireside" is an account of the simple method that  ought to be employed everywhere by  which a farmer saved his property:  "One pail of water standing at the  foot of a ladder leading to the haymow saved our barn" we read.  "Lightning struck' the barn, killing  two calves, then ran along to the top  of the haymow. My husband grabbed  the pail and ran up the ladder in  time to put out the fire, but if he had  had   to   wait   to   draw   that   water  ii  German guns were well  covered,  our,        ,, . , .       ,  ,    ���������  ���������     r, ;:  batteries were mostlv in the open and   would nave, been too late.    So if full  were  heavily_ punished,   although  far | ^teetion_ i_s_ not possible,   don't  ne-  The Verdun Enterprise  All       German       Calculations       Have  Been Upset  It is reasonably clear that tho enemy feel themselves so deeply committed to the desperate Verdun e'ritr-rnriso  that  they dare not now relinquish it.  Internal  conditions  in   Germany    are  probably influencing them very greatly.    They have to  face  three, months  of. steadily-increasing scarcity of food  within their own borders; and though  they   may   harvest    their    grain,   no  amount of organization can add appreciably to their stores of meat.  When  the   strategists    of  Germany    gloated  over   tho   military   advantages   they  would  derive  from   an   elaborate   war  machine  operating  on   interior   lines,  they   were  reckoning  on   a  short war  anel   on  the. defeat  of  their  foes    in  turn.    Their'piles ot text-books never  pointed out  that in  a prolonged   war  a.gainst   resolute   allies    the    interior  lines    on which Germany based such  high  hopes might prove an economic  disadvantage.     She   can     throw   her  divisions  to  and  fro  like   the   shuttle  in a weaver's loom, but  while she is  ringed round  by enemies  and  denied  access  to  the  sea  she  cannot-  obta-'n  much   food   from   without.     Her   calculations  have  been  upset,   and   she  fears   to  face   the   depression     which  would be produced among her rrnder-  fed masses by a confession of failure  at Verdun.���������London Times.  Both cliief and waiter were Irish and  excitable. The waiter rushed back  into the kitchen, red with  rage.  "You've done it, now!" he said.  "There is a customer, kicking about  the potatoes. He says the're no good.  They've all  got black eyes."  "Black eyes?" said the cook. "Sure,  i* if they have it's no fault of mine.  in the rear.   The enemy shelling found  out every part of the  Canadian line.  There   were  some   remarkable   'ndi-  vidual  encounters    with   the   enemy.  Pte.   (411079)   Feenie   was   amongst   a  party  handling  a  machine  gun.    All  the   party   were   knocked   out   while  going to the support of others. While  advancing   they   came   across   several  Germans   behind   the   Canadian   line,  who   had  swept-past ...them.     "When  we   came   un,"   said   Feenie,   "these  Germans   were   digging   like   mad   to  got one or two of our fellows out of  a trench in which, they had been buried by shell fire.    They begged to be  allowed   to   work   with   our   chaps   at  this job, and in fact went on digging  all day. and thus helped to save the  lives  of quite   a  few  Canadians.      A  German -ambulance orderly,  who had  been  caught   in  tlie    Canadian  rush,  got; hold of one. of our wounded  men  and carried him to a dressing station.  These mon, and a good many more, of  course, remained with us as prisoners.  I think they were scared to  death of  gleet   to   keep   a   few   p���������ils   of   water  handy.  Population of Argentine  Tho census figures give the Argentine Republic a population of 7,883.-  237. about the same as Canada's. The  area is 1,131.841 square miles and the  land is capable of supporting many  more millions of people. If Argentina's hopes are fulfilled the population will at least have doubled in an-  c'hor twenty years. The republic  dreams of a great immigration as a  result of tho  war.���������Montreal  Gazette.  The  Conscientious  Objector  This whole. attempt to. treat conscience as an impertinence and a  sham, and the refusal to take life or  to assist in .taking it as "a crime deservedly punishable by death, is surely one of the most foolish anion<**  the many follies which the war has  engendered or brought to light. The  first shot fired into^a man who holds  ..     _. . and  risks  his life  for this conviction  the Canadians, and that was why* they! will, kill a good deal more than a con-  were so eager to make themselves use-1 seientious   objector.���������From .'.the'. Manful.    Other  Germans  had  done some j Chester Guardian,  dirty   tricks   on   the   Canadians,   but | -  those chaps did some good."  an  ses;    the    enemy  ing.    The siege progres-1 The bastes   must have   been fightin'  ���������my    weakens;    victory   after I put 'em in the pot!"  Meat Production  In the United States between 1900  and 1913 the population increased 24  per cent., while cattle decreased 30  per cent. In Russia, Argentina and  Brazil there were also decreases. In.  France, Germany and the United  Kingdom, and Austria-Hungary there  were slight increases, but only in  France at the same ratio as the population. In Australia alone was there  relatively a greater growth in .the  number of cattle than of people. In  Canada, the population during the  period mentioned increased 35 per  cent., but in cattle only 20 per cent.  Those facts are surely pregnant with  significance of the opportunity that  lies before Canada in the breeding of  cattle. The same state of things exists, only in a more emphatic way.  as regards sheep, and even as regards swine the depletion last year  was of such extent as to produce a  certain measure of-'scarcity this year.  Wireless on  Society  Island--  The Society Islands, far away in  the South Seas, now have wireless  communication with the outer world  a radio station having been opened  by the French government on the  island of Tahiti during the past winter. Communication with the United States will be via Samoa and New  Zealand, and thence by cable to San  Francisco.  A Musical Catastrophe  The trombone gave an awful blast  Right in the symphony.������������������������    ,  The leader, he jumped three feet high,  A frightful man was he.  ".Excuse me." said the trombone man,  "A horsefly is to blame.  j He stood there on-my music, but  I played him just the same."  "I can't understand Jimmy and his  wife falling out. She used to call him  the light of her life."  "Yes, she did- but he went out toff  often."  .���������:*,-.-  n__a  ���������������������������aim j-car-v ������iA*_*_l_*bU__W_M*3*������  t ^^i^pi^&b  THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  <���������.  m*  Trappers in the  A   Life of Seclusion Which   Represents  Freedom   From  and Absence  ��������� ol Care  I.'-l us vi-il tin- i-u-v looking -haniy  -,midst I In- ln-(- on yomli-i lake -hore.  Tin- smoke noin it.- c-hinui'-y -Jowly  ii.-.'-cik'.-* skywards for lin- atmo-phere  :- far hi low zero. Around lhe stoyc arc  -.illiii'.' a couple of Mapper*- .-pinning  \\ ondi-i ful yarns of trap Ion*. These  lin n are of tin- not thlnnd and In-long  to tlie tr.iiiping frat-.-rnily. "Many  men. many mind-.," so it is with thi*-,  lii-d'ln-ihfii'ul; one characterize*- his  method-- a.- the hist survival of the  fittest, iiiiiilhi i speaks exnltingly of  his own piopiigand.i. Yet. disa_!Tc  a- thev niiiv re-'.irding plan and forni-  llhl.  tlie fill" --ek. I.- aie   hrel hrell.  llllit-  id   in  one  .-ingle  purpose,   namely   lo  seeure   the   gieatesl    number   of   pelts  thev  can.     For  decades   the   trapping  fraternity have tenanted  the timbered  reaehes 'of  oui   Canadian   hinteriand.  Now  in   many  a   place   the  twentieth  century   witnesses   the   smoke   of  fae-  foiy chimney.-; where once the trapper  was  fret;  to  roam   and   lhe  fur seekor  riiiist  now perforce trelc  farther north.  Months of seclusion  away  from  the  haunts of men have been the portion  of  those    who   follow   the    trap  line.  Fc-rchanei-  a   trapper  from   the opposite shore of the lake might occasionally visit the shanty, bringing belated  intelligence    o������   the  outer    world   received"   perhaps  from   --oine     passing  caller, a member al.-o of the illustrious  Order of I'elts.    Quite possibly as the  \isitor  is   relating    his    stories,    the  footsteps    of   an   Indian    are-   heard  crunching  the snow  on  the doorstep.  The  trappeis  glance  up   at, the  newcomer,   and   as'lhe   last  rays  of  daylight  are  twinkling  through   the  window the Neche is haikim- back to the  long, long asm v. hen  with  a  party  of  Crees   he" stalked   the   buffalo     over  Great   Bear  11 ills,  or  <*ct   snares    for  Ihe silvei foxes on the -bores of Moose  Lake.    To  the  uninitiated   the  life of  the  trapper  appeals  as a   life  of  extreme lon'-Iini-.1***.   And indeed to those  .-'CC-ustonied  to  the   whirl  of  social   or  city  business life the   trapper's existence is indeed  a lonely and  secluded  one.  but the brotherhood of trap and  poll   having   once   inhaled   the   ozone  of   the   norlhland.   eagerly   anticipate  the time when they can resume their  avocation.       Crowd--d      thoroughfares  and city street.-- are unknown to habitues  of  the  trap  line.     Instead  these  sons of nature prefer the music of the  tree choristers and  -. view of creation  untrammelled   by  the  progress of  the  world   of   men.     The   trapper's   vocation renri-sents freedom from  and  absence of care.    While his fellow mortals, are  struggling madly  for  a bare  existence, the trapper remains'content  in his ouinost.   The'fact that a thousand - applicants     are     clamoring     for  work in city or town does not affect  him at all. for he docs not know that  such is the case.  ' And as we trudge along in the forest depths, the lonely grave of a trapper is occasionally seen. A good fellow passed away, perchance entered  into the Great Unknown���������in solitude.  As the writer pens these words, there  has flashed into his mind the sight  of one such "last home" on a windswept island of Lake Winnipeg. Just  a rough wooden cross at-the head of a  little "mound,-the- word "Jim" and  three figures, the last of these, pi-.;  Fumably an eight.-Ah. some ��������� mother'j  boy, we know not who he is, or whence  he came. He is resting serenely, his  dirge continuing in roar of. winter  storm, and in summer sunshine repeated by screeching gulis as they fly-  to and from the lake wafers. ' ��������� "* '  Evans  in' Rod   and   Gun.  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  ���������nmnMB-n-H-nB-an  1). A  For Cream Buying Stations  New   Regulations  in  Saskatchewan   in  Order to   Improve Quality  of Cream  Regulations governing Cream Buying Stations, effective after June 15,  1916, have been issued'' by tlie Dairy  Branch, Department of Agriculture,  Regina. and require that 'all such  tuitions be -licensol and subject to  inspection.     '  To protect the reputation of the  creamery butter of Saskatchewan in  both home arid export markets, it has  been considered advisable to provide  that certain conditions be complied  with in order to protect the quality  of-a product so easily injured as butter. Owners of cream buying stations  throughout the province have already  been advised of the conditions necessary and application forms sent, them  ���������to apply for license. The buying of  cream through the medium of buying  stations was rapidly becoming a serious danger not only'in Saskatchewan  but in the other prairie'provinces as  we'll. Buying stations for the purchase of cream were being established  in towns and villages all over the  West, many of these, by merchants  who had no experience or knowledge  in the testing or care of cream, and  who had no "suitable place or equipment for handling  it.  Generallv speaking, little or no attention has been given by the cream  buying stations to the grading of  cream", and farmers have been paid  as much for over ripe cream of bad  ilavor as for sweet cream of good flavor. Furthermore, the identity of the  cream is lost at the buying stations  through the mixing of the cream for  shipment to the creamery, and the  creamery receiving it. is unable to  determine which farmers are sending  good cream or which bad. eoiisequenl-  ]v no improvement in the care or  quality of the cream could be hoped  for under these conditions. In addition to this inferior cream was often  held for several  hours uncooled  in   a  When Your Eyes Need Care  Use Murine Eve Medicine. No Smart ing-Fcels  Fine ���������Acta Quickly. Try it for Bed, Weak,  Sore Eyes and Granulated Eyelids. Murine is  compounded by our Oculista���������not a "Patent  Medicine"���������but used in success' ul Physicians*  Practice for many years. Now dedicated to  ������he Public and sold by jDi-iiggifits at EOc per  Bottle. Murine Eye Salve in Aseptic Tubes,  25c andfiOc. Write i*or book ot tlie Eye Free.  Murina Eye Remedy Company, Chicago, Adr.  ~_?  W.      N.      U.  iua  back simp, along with kerosene oil,  decayed vegetables and other products  giving off utidesiiable odors, or in  butcher shops where the odor from  decayed nn'.'ls could not do otherwise  than injure the qualify of the cream.  Cream handled* under these condition*' must seriously injure the quality of the butter manufactured, and  the general inferior quality of dairy  butter is transmitted through the  J buying stations to the creamery butter", and would eventually deprive the  better dairymen of lhe export market,  where through years of hard work a  good reputation has been gained,  ('ream buying stations also mean less  uioney for the farmer who produces  the cream, because ot the added cost  of the middleman who operates the  station.  Express charges are paid by practically all of the creameries so there  is nothing to prevent any farmer from  shipping his cream direct to a creamery. The express'companies give a  rate on a five gallon can of cream, and  any farmer with two or three cows  should be able to Siiip a full can of  this si/.e every four or five days, so i  the argument that the small farmer  is deprived of a market for his cream  does not hold good. In any case cans  partially filled cm be forwarded and  are  acceplcd  by  the  creameries.  The regulations recently issued by  the Dairy Commissioner with respect  to buying stations do not impose any  hardship nor ask for any unnecessary  equipment or accommodation, but,  simplv provides for conditions under  which cream can be handled properly  and the farmer who produces it obtains fair returns for his labor.  Regulations similar to those enacted  by the Saskatchewan Government  have recently been passed by the  "Manitoba Government. Cream buying  stations have become even more numerous in that province than in Saskatchewan, and' already the quality  of "Manitoba butter has been injured  by cream shipped from buying stations.     It   was   desirous   that   similar  Food For Soldiers  The   Favorite   Dishes   of   the   Various  Allied Soldiers  One of the greatest problems which  confront the military leaders of the  different countries is to supply the  ,-oldiers with adequate satisfying food.  Xapofeon spoke truly when he said  that armies fight on their bellies. The  British commissariat has had many  'irobleins to solve. Men well fed at  iiome have to be well fed at the front.  The English soldier must have his  jam  and" marmalade  as Well as beef.  The Russian soldier presents an  easier problem. All he asks is plenty  ol "stchee," a sort of gruel or thick  sou]) made of pork, oatmeal, potatoes  .and cabbage, boiled together with salt  and other seasoning. Tho French soldier also consumes vast quantities of  what he calls "soup," although in  reality it is a thick and nourishing  stew, made of meat, .potatoes, and  various other vegetables.  Italian soldiers demand-their regular supply of macaroni and spaghetti,  'and eat little meat. Their diet, con-  | sisls largely of farinaceous foods,  fruits and wine, the latter being issued  as part of their regular rations. The  German soldiers get their meat rations  largely in the form of sausage. Give  a Teuton plenty of sausage with beer  to wash it down and he is perfectly  content.  The British fighters fiom India demand a menu entirely different, from  that of the Tommies, and the Turcos  of the French army are also peculiar  in their tastes. The food most favored by the colored Algerian soldiery  is "eous-cous," or boiled semolina,  made of the large hard grains retained in flic bolting machine after the  fine flour has passed through it. The  semolina is served either plain, or  with the addition of vegetables, sometimes with a little mutton or goat  flesh added. On this-regimen a Turco  will march farther and earrv a heavier  conditions should  not prevail in  Has-" lo''d. W111] ](?i"s "'digue than any other  kaichowan. and to prevent the possibility of this, regulations governing  cream   buying  stations 'were   passed  e  ins Prove '  A Boomerang  Why  They   Have   Done  the   Germans  More Harm Than Good  Comparison of the aerial defences  of Paris with those ot London to the  detriment of the latter have followed  every successful Zeppelin raid upon  the imperial metropolis. Critics have  pointed to lhe immunity of Paris as  .proof of tho incompetence of the British aii- service and* of the inadequacy  of defence provisions" by the War Office. The reason for the apparent  superiority of the French authorities  in tlie defence of their capital was,  however, stated in an interview given  by Prince Ponialowski, an attache, of  the French War Office, upon his arrival in New York to purchase aeronautical supplies for his, Government.  "London is as well off as far as equipment goes to ward off Zeppelin raids  as Paris," he said. "The reason, that  they are made on England instead of  on Paris is that to make a successful  raid on the French capital and return safely, they must cross the firing  lines twice. Paris also can get an  adequate warning. In attacks on London, on'the other hand, the Zeppelins  have no firing lines to cross and can  descend up.6n"th. English city Without-  warning." ���������''���������"���������'  In the Prince's opinion, the Zeppelins have done the German cause more  harm than good and he sums up their  efforts in afew brief but pointed sentences: "The Zeppelins, as an engine  of war. have acted as a boomerang  for these reasons: They have aroused  England to a high pitch of patriotism  in quicker time than-would otherwise  have been'possible: they have meant  an enormous cost, they have obtained  no ��������� military results; and they have  aroused the disgust of the neutral nations. The Germans argue that their  Zeppelin raids are a part of their mili  tary, offensive.   If this is so, why don't  soldier of any nation.  More Wood Pulp Mills  Canadian   Wood   Pulp   Will   be   Used  to Supply  the  Empire  Some months ago, when the relationship between Great Britain and  Sweden was somewhat stiainod owing  fo ihe effect of German influence in  the press and the seizure by the British war shins of vessels suspected of  carrying contraband from Swedish  ports to the enemy, the Government  of Sweden, as a reprisal, forbade the  export of pulp fo Great Britain. That  net ion resulted in an immddiate rise  in the price of pulp sulphite, curtailment in the- size of newspapers in  Great Britain, and a situation ��������� that  gave a "measure of anxiety to the  paper mills, whose stocks were not-  large.  Canada was appealed to. But .her  transportation service was so handicapped, and her own supplies so restricted, that shipments on a large  scale could not be considered. The  price of pulp in the meantime continued to mount, up till they were five  times dearer than when war broke  out.  Information to hand from London  is to the effect that the embargo put  upon pulp from Sweden is virtually  removed, but that, it is too late for  Sweden to regain the trade-that she  lost by her action. Considerable progress, has been made with- arrangements for the. establishment in Canada of a huge mill for the production  of sulphite pulp and it .is expected  that it will not be necessary to import  much pulp from Sweden after the  war. .     .  Where are the Old Ladies  How   the   Old   Ladies   oF   the   Present  Age  Have   Become  Transformed  Someone was saying ihe other day  (and she won't mind seeing her idea  here) that the elderly woman of today  i*= sowing her wild oats and haying the  protracted good time of her life. Obviously from the lime a woman is  married her. years are filled with cares  and responsibilities, until finally tho  children grow up, marry, leave home,  and, husband having developed the  poise and content of the usual elderly person, she finds lo her amazement  that she is free. Then comes the  period of wild oats. She keeps a date  book*, goes to clubs, has a place on  boards of things, travels on the federation special across continent,'as  likely as not, livesat hotels, sends her  own telegrams, orders taxis, treats  other women to luncheons and dinners, makes speeches, votes'if she has  a chance, legislates, uplifts and keeps  a telephone on her desk. These are  only a few. If she is not interested  in this sort of thing yrou will discover  her tucked away in the back scat of  a touring car, where she is not the  least trouble in the world, and is always under all circumstances, a perfectly splendid credential of respectability. Two generations ago women  of her age were senile, and sat in the  chimney corner where they would be  out of .the way*. But the- chimney-  corner went out of architecture, and  she was just as naturally uprooted.  There "are fewer old ladies' homes  than there promised to be. '"Not while  grandmother'can wear.-her granddaughters' shoes and hats and sashes  and beads is she going to an old  ladies' home. A generation ago there  promised lo be a cull for an old ladies'  home in every "block. It's wonderful  how we old ladies have become transformed, and fairly .forced another issue. Of course, we are sowing our  wild oats. We have made a place for  ourselves. Hurrah! Really there are  no old ladies. Ask the milliner!���������  Women's Clubs Magazine.  A Call to Horse Breeders -  Not only has the wastage of horses  by reason of the war been enormous  but in all the belligerent countries,  not omitting Great Britain, there has  either been a partial stoppage or a  whole stoppage of breeding by reason  of the scarcity of labor, the disturbed  conditions or entire devastation.  Whether  the   war    lasts    or ceases  there must continue an undiminished  . | demand for horses. When peace comes  the Zeupelins flv over the firing lines     ���������'MU        "lss-  ������'"*-'���������.' rf'"f wmes  and  dro'p  bombs on  the  soldiers,  in-      f" ������������������ ft"    ^J���������' .������ .IP.-. ^  stead of flying over cities far afield  and dropping bombs on women and  children.-"  Serb in Anglican Pulpit  A Serbian pri_st. Father Nicolia  'Velbnivovic, has been preaching at  St. Margaret's Westminster. Russian  music was sung by the choir before  the sermon. The church was quite  full half an hour before (he service  began. Taking ns his subject. "The  Slav Orthodoxy," the preacher said he  isliment. Then quality, as much "and  even more than quantity, will be required. Hence the evident call to  every Canadian fanner is to breed, and  to breed to the best available.���������John  \V\ Brant, See. -"National Live Stock  Records.  When Baldn.ss Starts  It has been discovered that if a  person is going to be bald in middle  life, or even in old age. the symptoms  wiil appear between the -.ages of fifteen   and   twenty-five.     Although   the  Sign of a Good German  A visitor to a British trench throws  some light upon the chivalry of the  British soldier, and. incidentally, upon the humanity o" eome Germans-  one in particular. "I was standing  in a front trench alongside a soldier  whose business it was to observe the  German lines, which we could see  with singular clearness, and' especially to report, to various killing units  the appearance of any* enemy seen in  tlie open.  ���������'But we don't always fire at them,"  he explained, and, pointing to tho  corner of a field, said: "T saw a Ger  man crossing here yesleiday as cool  as a cucumber; but he was a good  fellow, and.so I did nothing."  It puzzled me not a little to know  how. he distinguished a good fellow  from a bad at, 800 to 1,000 yards; and,  anyway, "how'he came to regard any  Bocheas a friend, and a brother. But  the soldier, whose speech -betrayed  him as a member of one of those good  old English county regiments which  have fought with unvarying stoutness  gave quite a simple explanation. He  knew the Boche to be a good fellow���������  "because he. stooped down and patted  a dog.". .   .   -.....-  looked upon the Anglicanism as a true.I ],-,;- milv ^dually become thinner as  religion lived by tlie .people, but it��������� one .Y..ows"older, if. will never entire; v  seemed to him less vivid less com- j disappear unless signs of its thinning  polling, and less national than the ��������� become manifest before tho* age of  religion of the Russian church. He ; thirty-five years  would   welcome -   -    ���������--������������������ ---   ������������������- ��������� ���������  i union   between   the!  churches  which' would   bind, the   Russian  and  the  British  races in  a  true  brotherhood.  For  Campers  The spot where your tent is to stand  should be open. Have it as close to  the woods as you wish, but so that the  sun will shine on your tent. Sunlight  is the healthiest thing in the world.  It is the .best disinfectant. : If you  pitch vour -tent 'under"the thick trees,  there 'will always bo an unhealthy  dampness," and mosquitoes will flock-  in. Then, too, in thunder-storms" there  is less danger in the open than under  trees. The all-important reason, however, for pitching your tent in tho  open is the.matter of health.  Do not put up the lent .in a hollow.  Water! will lodge under it with the  first shower. Set it-on a. little knoll.  All this holds good whether you use  an A-tent, wall-tent, lean-to. or any-  other sort of shelter.. Once the tent  is up in place, dig a drain around it  exactly under the edge of the canvas,  so "that all the water will run off the  tent into this drain and be carried  away."���������Peter Johnson, in the May  St. Nicholas. - . .  Parcels for Wounded Soldieis  Nearlv forty-nine thousand parcels  have been sent,.to date, by the Canadian Red Cross to sick and wounded  Canadian soldiers in tho various hos;  pitals. The contents of these parcels  were not chosen at random, but. were  according lo each  man's  request.  A recent list includes notepaper,  toilet articles, mirrors, pipes, tobacco,  socks, soft boots, canvas shoes, stylo  pens, books, sweaters, ��������� khaki shirts,  underwear, fruit, flowers, puzzles,  mouth organs, playing cards, sweets.  "Comfort bags," as these parcels  have become known, have achieved  such fame among the soldiers as to  cause sometimes an embarrassing de-  Foi* the Big Drive  Hold  the   Foe    Off  and.   Prepare   For  a Knockout  To whichever part of the European  fronts we look tho most remarkable  fact is still the refusal or the allied  commands to be piovoked into a premature, offensive. Evidently tho British have only to be unleashed on the  west and the- Crown Prince's effort  must be arrested; so, too, the Aus-  trians can be concentrated upon "the  Trentino because no special pressure  is being put upon them in the east and  southeast. There can only be one  rational interpretation of these facts,  and in France the army and civilian  public realize it so well that they bear  tho strain, without a whisper of complaint. The allies have now a definite  ascendancy andat any moment they  can reduce the enemy to a defensive  on any and every, side, but the autumn "offensives in the Champagne  and Arlois taught their authors many  things. They effected more in a few  days than the Crown' Prince won on.  the Meuse in three months. Here is  the measure of the difference of  strength  today.'  The German command undertook the  battle of Verdun because it could not  contemplate a larger operation, and  it is now so deeply involved that it  cannot draw out. The allies, on the  other hand, are so bent upon a vastly  larger operation, which they hope will  be decisive, that they prefer to risk  local and momentary losses rather  than postpone the day when they will  be fully ready fo deliver in common  their knockout blow. It would, therefore, be unfair to General Joffre and  the General's officers and men directly  concerned to regard the struggle north  of Verdun as a fair trial of strength.  Vast as are its proportions and the  sacrifices involved, it is over-shadowed  by a coming event incomparably  greater. Enemy strategy, whether on  the Meuse or the Adige, is to destroy  this menace: It is at once the weakness and strength of the allies that  while putting forth at these points just  a sufficient defensive effort they must  never compromise the supremely important work of preparation.���������London  Chronicle.   -.   "        ,  Rural Credits  British Columbia Adopts the New Zea'  Land Rural Credits System  British  Columbia  has adopted    the  New   Zealand   system   of  government  loans   to   farmers.      Four  years    ago  the British Columbia government sent  a  royal commission  to Australia  and  New  Zealand to investigate the  rural  credit  systems  iu  operation  in   (hose  dominions.    The report brought in by  the   commission   was   very   favorable  and  the government secured the enactment    of   legislation    to   make   it  effective.   Under the new Agricultural:  Credits Act the government has borrowed .*f!J,000,000 at 5.63 per cent, and \  will re-loan this money to the farmers  throughout the   Pacific  province.    It  is expected that the cost'of this money  to the farmers will be about one per]  cent,  over what the government had'  to  pay  for it,   but even  this rate of  six .and a half per cent,  will be-con-  siclerably lower than tlie average now  being     paid   by    farmer?  in    British a  Columbia orjn the Prairie Provinces. -'  A   report  from   Victoria,   B.   C,   says  that  the government expects to  loan  $6,000,000 or .?7,000,000' to farmers during  the coming year under the    New  Zealand system.���������The, Grain Growers'-  Guide. '  Vjllages-With no Fighting Men Left  A remarkable record, of service in  connection . with the war-is held by  the remote Scottish-island-of Lewis.  Out of ii population of 28,000,' close  on 4,500 aro with the colors: In many  villages not a man fit for military service is left. Already over 300 of "the  islanders have given their lives in  the war. The following letter, dated  Windsor Castle, May 10, "had been  received by William Grant, journalist,  Storoway, from . Lord Slamfordham,  the   King's   private   secretary:  "I have received and laid before  lire King the specially bound copy of  your 'Loyal , Lewis' Roll of PTonor,  which you have been good enough to  forward through Mr. Ian MacPherson  for submission lo the King.  "."His Majesty wishes to express his  appreciation of the gallant service  rendered by the people of the island,  of Lewis, at the same time sympathizing with the families of those who  have given their lives in this terrible  war."  "Bobby," said the ladv in tho tube j maud. Most of the articles thus sent  railway, severely, "why don't you get [out come in generous measure from  up and give your seat to your father?  An item in the British and Colonial  Printer gives an idea of {'he extent  of the German paper famine. Shortage of paper is so severely felt, it runs,  that grocers, booksellers, drapers, etc.,  print their invoices on old paper taken  from old circulars and old prospectuses which previously have been printed on one side only. Factories for  making old newspaper and old books,  now unsaleable-, available for a second use arc being established in  Leipzig and Elberfield, and also in  the neighborhood of Berlin.  Wife, (with newspaper)���������Tt says here  that men grow bald because of the intense activity of their brain.  Hub���������Exactly ! And wornen_ Jiaye  no" whiskers "Because of the intense  activity of their chins.  Doesn't it pain you to see him reach-  | ing  for  the  strap?"  "Not  in  a   train,"  said   Bobby.  The first fruits of the conquest of  the German Cameroons reached London iu the shape of about 400 tons  of cocoa.  A  Syrian   Custom  In  Syria sky  blue is the .mourning  color, indicative of the assurance that  the deceased has gone lo heaven.  the Red Cross branches in Canada.  Teacher���������Tommy, what is the difference between  angling and fishing?  Tommy���������Well, the rich man angles and the poor man fishes.-���������Chicago Herald.  "What is Jim doing now?" "Anybody he can come across "  What Canada Offers  Settlers coming here from the United  States may rely upon finding cheaper  land and lower taxation than they  have at home, to say nothing of the  better price they can get over here  for their high grade wheat because  of the advantage we secure in the  British market owing to our superior  system of grading.���������Winnipeg Telegram.  Women   are   now  employed   in   the  block-system   signal   service   for  Lyon - Mediterranean       railway  France".  the  in  True   Diplomacy  True  diplomacy is  to get all  can   with   as ���������much   courtesy   as  can���������Rev. Boyd Carpenter.  you  you  A   Gallant  and   Hardy   Breed  It is hardly necessary to emphasize  the dangerous character of mine-  sweeping. Trawlers and drifters, being of moderate draught, have a certain advantage over n<-avicr ships, for  they can often pass in safety above  i.iir:cs which have heen laid at a certs 'u depth to catch deeper riding vie"  tims. On ihe oilrr hand, the very  nature of their duty compels them to  spend most of their time in mine-infested waters, and the appalling risks  they run are too often brought home  to up by the casualty lists. But the  er_iwhilc fishermen who man these  boats are a gallant and hardy breed,  too inured to the vicissitudes of wind  and weather to be much impressed  by the hidden and deadlier perils  that now lurk beneath the grey  waters.���������The  Navy.  Ah Ice Mine  Probably the strangest mine in the  world is to be found in Pennsylvania.  It is an ice inine, which freezes in  summer and thaws in winter. It is  40 feet deep and from 10 to 12 feet in  diameter, up which pours a-peculiar  cold mist coming from openings found  all the way from the top to the bottom. As soon as warm weather arrives frost appears on the walls of the  shaft and soon tiny icicles form rapidly, until in the warmest weather  huge icicles, often two feet thick,  reach from the top ��������� lo the bottom of  the mine. ��������� Geologists can offer no explanation. The owner built a shed  over the mine, but had to tear it down  because as soon as the sun's rays were  cut off the ice melted. Its normal  (haw sets in in October.   '  Oats of Barfced Steel  German Slim Trick to. Kill the British  Horses  Barbed oats are the instruments ol!i  offence  invented  by  Germans.      The 1  War 'Office has had lo issue to respon- j|  sible officers in charge of cavalry and  other   mounted   forces   an   order   that,  every- bushel of oats now must be examined carefully before it is used. It i  has been discovered that some of the  sacks of oals purchased in the United  States contained little pieces of steel,  shaped-like oats, and'painted yellow.  These  are  barbed,  and  a horse  that  swallowed     one    would    have    little  chance  of  life.    The  placing  of  the  barbed  oats in the food  is considered  to be the  work of  Germans  who  have obtained employment in American  granaries  in  order    to kill    ,tha  horses at 3,000 miles range.  An old farmer and his wife "drove to  .market.one.day. It had been a*very  wet cfay-'and large.pools of water'had'  formed,in the -roadway between" the  farm and the town. . On the return  journey they met,an old'friend.   -. ,  "And how are you today?" was tha-  friendly greeting.  "Oh, very well, thank "you!'answered the farmer.  "How is the missus?" continued the  friend. ' i  "She's fine, fine!" answered the  farmer. "She's behind there"���������jerking the thumb toward the back .seat.  "She's not there!" said the astonished friend.  The old farmer turned and looked  over his shoulder, then cooly. replied:  "Humph! that accounts for the  splash, then!"���������London News.  Huns Fooling the Dutch  Revelations are accumulating abou_  the cunning character of the German  intrigue, to arouse feeling against the  allies. Baron von Kuhlmahn, the  notorious German publicity agent, is  clearly indicated as the author of the  insidiously spread canard,-- now fully  exposed, that the allies intended to  land troops in Holland. Some of the  Dutch papers are .pointing out that  this palpable lie obscured tho vital  issue about the torpedoing of the  Dutch ships by the German submar-  The former Pacific Mail liner Nile  has been sold to a Chinese syndicate  tor $750,000. Shortly after the outbreak of the war it was taken by  Great Britain, and since then has  been, one of the most active merchant  ships aiding the British .navy. It  has seen service in. all Oriental waters,  has carried troops from China to  India to France, and for several  months acted as a transport across  the English Channel.  First Stoker (weary)���������I'd like to find  the; merchant 'oo invented boilers.  Second Stoker (also weary)���������Boilers,  be plowed 1 I'm look in' for the blighter  'oo found out that coal would burn.���������  Punch.  One defect or German diplomacy  seems to be a foolish habit of letting  important papers lie aj'ound loose,���������  Charleston News and Courier.  When' a man begins to shout that  he is just as good as anybody, that  is one sign that he isn't.  Sir Edward Grey's Pets  Sir Edward Grey is always looker!  up'on as somewhat hard and unbend-  in. There are a number of wild  squirrels in a certain wood which  quickly find out when he is at home  in Northumberland and make . their  way to his house. They scale the walls  and invade the library; then, jumping upon his writing table, are re-  ��������� warded-' with nuts, which they take  frcm .his' hand.  "*"���������/���������.���������'������������������ i "  According to a heart specialist, if  one retires to bed at ten instead of  twelve he saves the heart 876,000 footpounds a year. Lying, down half an  hour daily lessens its labor in the  same period by- 219,000 foot-pounds.  Jenkins���������My stenographer can write,  one hundred and fifty words a minute.  Thompkins���������So can mine���������but she  doesn't seem to eare-'what the words  Are.  guts  Of 65 Years Ago  Are still, doing- duty in  tlie shape of  Matches  /  Sixty - five years ago  the first Canadian-made  Matches ��������� were made at  Hull by Eddy and  since that time, for  materials ���������wild striking"  qualities, Eddy's have  been the acknowledged best.  When Buying Matches  Specify "EddyV ���������ww-gayiy |~" . B������iyy  up< iftovauat>*i*a_rj������__-i._t  _i-t'i������n^tTp-������>i--_yiWfj|j_rfiy_  MW^-MMaMUtfMWI^  ,   ^swv*-w>_������iw-*.rTn..  _-_������������*iwn_*������)*-__jrtj_Kn^^  -,_____������������������-,,, .���������.. ���������-���������nr--1���������*|-lii���������jlliijl,- (j> ,i jj  _2S_  >'0_^-^-*-������J>.������i^y|^iW*y-ar.|  THE      GAZETTE. "   HEDLEY. :    B."   CJT  -   -, *���������* r 'x.*7.,< rv^^'>.,>^^^  I <���������       ' fc   ���������* ,* ,1 *, r-l  l    .  -,'       ifV^Zf.  ���������  ' -~<- /. "���������''(t'-'ZPfG&s  ���������' '   *���������*?-. "'-'*���������':- SI  It bears the  Seal of Purity  All over the world the  name Sunlight stands  for purity in Soap. Our  $5,000 guarantee of  Purity is something  more than an advertisement. It marks the  high standard we have  set for ourselves to give  you the best laundry  soap "it is possible" to  produce at any price.  to aid nature occasionally when your  liver is sluggish" your stomach disordered or your bowels inactive. Let  this safe, mild, dependable remedy  regulate these organs and put them'  in a sound and healthy condition. ,  Largest Sola of Any Medicine in tho World,  Sold everywhere,    [a boxes, 25 cents.  B*   r  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  Something better than linen and big; laundry  "bills.    "Wash "it" with   soap   and  water.     All  stores   or direct.     State  style  and  si-e.     For  J5c. we will mail you.  THE  ARLINGTON COMPANY  OF  CANADA, Limite-l  5S  *"r_ser Avenue, Toronto, Ontario  What The Huns Would Do  Germany's Idea of the Meaning of the  Freedom  of 'the Seas  The "freedom'of the seas" that Germany wants is freedom to paralyse  the sea-power of the maritime States,  and first'of all the sea-power of England. That,' as she well knows, was  the invincible obstacle - to universal  over-lordship against which Napoleon,  who "was her oppressor, and is her  model," dashed himself in vain. Were  it removed from her path by the  "reforms" she advocates in international law, she would bo free to pursue her ideal well-nigh unchecked.  \Xc know what thai ideal is. We  have learnt it from her speakers and  writers, but most from her actions,  ft is a German domination in all  branches of human activity, founded  upon the brute force of a vast army  which is moved by an autocratic  government. Does any man fancy  that, if Germany had the power upon  the water that she has in Belgium  'or in Poland, she would not use'it  with the same unscrupulous ruthless-  ness? -Would there be fewer Lusitan-  ias and fewer Sussexes when she was  strong than when she is weak?  She would bind herself, no doubt,  by solemn treaties/- but she -would  keep them as she kept the solemn  treaties that pledged her to defend  Belgian neutrality and the laws that  iorbid her to sink merchantmen at  sight. That consideration alone must  constrain maritime nations, like  Emrlarul and America, to retain their  fleet's. Did they foolishly,reduce their  navies Germany,might at any moment  tear up the new treaties consecrating  the "freedom of the "seas" and destroy  their trade, on that "plea of military  necessity 'which justifies all lawlessness and all wickedness in her eyes.���������  London  Times ,,  No Need For Crop Failures, I   *jvjq  _AL___JiS/T  Success For Next Year's Crop Depends ~~" "   Most infants are infested by worms,  which cause great -suffering, and if  not promptly dealt with' may cause  constitutional weaknesses difficult to  remedy. Miller's Worm Powders will  clear the stomach and bowels of worms  and will so act upon the system that  there will he no rccunence of the  tiouble. And not only this, but they  will repair the injuries to the organs  that worms cause and restore them  lo soundness.  on the Preparation   Made ���������  This Year  "Only very rarely indeed need any  farmer have a really poor crop, much  less a total crop failure in Canada,"  says J. H. Grisdalc, director of* the  Dominion Experimental farms. /'The  Canadian farmer who will do his work  wisely and .well each year and all' the  year around need seldom or never fear  but that a crop, fair to good at least,  and usually excellent, will generally  reward his well-timed and well planned effort.  In his advice to farmers, Mr. Grisdalc declares that, "if you 'really  want a good crop in 1917," now is the  lime to plan and prepare. The.'success of any years work on the farm  depends in no small measure on the  preparation made therefore the previous year.  "You can do very little now to  affect the yield from your fields-.in  1016, save only the hoed crops of one  kind or another, but you can do and  should do very considerable in the  next .three months in the way of "properly preparing for, and so ensuring,  good crops in 1917. While harvesting  this year's crop must take, first place,  these operations can be so conducted  as cither to improve or injure the  prospects for the next year's crop.  "Then, again, a few hours' attention iu July to weed-cutting around  fences, spudding in grain fields, and  particularly hoeing and cultivating in  corn "and root fields and, cleaning the  summer fallows will do'more to ensure good crops in 19J7 than will as  many days hard work next spring  when the chances arc you will bf  just as busy 'as you are today, if  riot, even more rushed. Doing 'things  when the cost of the work is lowest,  as judged'by the results, is the right  way to farm, and lhe only way to  farm if one wishes to be* sure to  profitable returns year after year.  ."The  farmer  who  regretfully  says,  Horse Prices Upward  Cropless Lands  up  leak's Cotton Root Compound.  A safe, reliable renulatinff  medicine. Sold in three degrees of strength. No. I,  JI; No. 2, $3; No. 3. $5  per box. Sold by all  dru-jgists, or sent prepaid in plain .package on  receipt of price. Fre������  pamphlet.    Address:  THE COOK [Y"ED!C"NE CoJ  lOBQRTO. 0KT. (Fe-m-. ___*_.]!  Deafness Is Misery  . I know because, was Deaf and had Head  IVo-bcs for over 30 years.    Myinvisibl.  Aiui-septic I'.ar Drums restored my hear-  ___N ��������������������� i1**? ���������"'���������   s*0''l!?,c- Ucid Noises, and willdo  ���������ro^Ji)-^ 'oi* J'O"-    Nicy are Tiny Megaphones.  jSIj ���������annot be seen when worn.   Easy  toput  fV   WJ -n. eas.' to takeout.   Are "Unseen Com-  ���������*>br-_ forts-   Ine.pensive. Writefor Booklet and  _uy Mvom statoiuou t o f how I reiowcd  myhcarlnK.      A. O. UiONARD  Sulte229 rsn5t_Ave.   -  -  N .Y City  LOSSES   SURELY   PREVENTED  l>y   Cutter's   Blackleg   Pills.     Low-  priced. Frost*,  reliable; preferred- by  Western stoekmon because they pro-  toct    uihero    other    vaccines    tail.  Wrlto for booklet and testimonial.*..  10-dose pkae. Blackleg Pills $1.00  50-.O3O pkge. Blackleg Pills   4.00  TJsa any Injector, hilt Cutter's lio_.  Tho superiority of Cutter products i*i due to orer 15  yaars of speclaiulnfr lit vaccines and serums only.  Insist on Cnttor's.    Tf unobtainable, order direct.    '  THE   CUTTEfi   LABORATORY,   Berkeley.   California,  _-HE NEW F-JCNCH REMEDY. N,1.N-2 (V.8.  THERAPION aXu^l.  fr;_: sjcccsj. cuats chronic weakness ccsr vigor  & VIM KfDS-Y BLAOOtR DI&bAStS BLOOD POISON.  FILSS     HITIIK-*   NO   DRU_GISTSOrM-.lt. 61    POST  4 CTS  pour,fr\co so bfekman st"n_w vorkorll man bros  toronto writc 1 or free boor 10 d������ le c-lrc  Med Co IIaveksi-ockKd. Havpsti *.d London. Eno.  UiY NI-iVDRAGLEUASTELLSSH-OKMOl'    Cas\   TOTAKU,  THERAPION __i.,���������_Dc_������.  SEE lll^T TR*,r>C MARKEO WORD 'IH-RAPIO*, - IS OH  BRIT. GOVT  STAMP Aft I.\CO TO Ait.   - KN CJlNt PACK-18,  Many Indians Have Enlisted  Up to the present time over eight  hundred Indians have enlisted in the  Canadian Overseas forces, while the  t Indians - ol Canada have contributed  no less than $24,6_'l to the patriotic  fund. An effort was made to form a  complete Indian battalion, and this  would have been successful, but for  the fact that recruiting officers had  been busy amongst the tribes on behalf of several ieginient-j. It is said  that after the war in over the Indians  who have served at the front -'ill de- of their great excellence. They are  maud the while man's privilege of j confidently recommended because they  voting and it will probably be handed       '  Saving   the   Settler   From   Taking  -Homesteads on  Land   Unfit  For Agriculture  !    The opening up  of non-agricultural  j lands    to   settlement    lit's     produced  I some of the    most far-reaching    and  .pitiful   tragedies   in-the   Dominion's  history.   Every province lias communities   which   have   been   permitted   to  make the fatal error of a bad location.  Their   subsequent   history   is   an   unbroken line of bad crops, poverty, suffering and human demoralization. Too  poor to move away, the farmer and his  family resien themselves to a pitiful  standard  of Irving,  giving their time  and efforts for practically no return.  Every  piovince     and    the     federal  authorities  have  made such  blunders  rn times past nor is there satisfactory  evidence that a general and complete  reform     has     been     brought     about.  Farmers still aie  allowed on Federal  and provincial '11011-103103115' which are  impossible for field crops.   The policy  was, of course, more the result of lax-  itv in classification and not a deliberate effort to  send  settlers to useless  lands.   The laxness, however, is growing  iu public disfavor and the tendency  of   all   governments, now   is   to  pictcct   the   settler    and to   conserve  rocky,  sandy  aieas  for  their  natural  purpose of growing trees.  Several survey parties are engaged  on soil examinations this summer  and such work is bound to achieve  higher importance in the eyes of governments. One party, composed of  "Messrs F- C. Nunnick of the Commission of Conservation and Waller Graham of the Experimental Farm, Ottawa, are in "New Brunswick, co-operating with the provincial government  in a'schonie of land clac*sification. The  pioject deserves the hearty support of  conservationists everywhere for tire  benefits are far from local.  'A pool* crop this year! Oh, well,  better one next year!' may be a bit  of a philosopher, but he is not much  of a farmer unless he gets busy and  tries to find out why the ./poor crop  this year' and what he must do to  avoid such a result under similar or-  worse conditions in  the future."  Delicate Young Girls,  Pale, Tired Women  There is no beauty in pallor, but  proof of plenty of weakness. Exertion makes your heart flutter, your  back and limbs ache, and you sadly  need something to put some ginger  into your system. Try Dr Hamilton's  Pills; they make you feel alive, make  you want -to do things. They renew  and purify the blood���������then come  strong nerves, iosv cheeks, laughing  eyes, robust good "health. You'll he  helped m a hunched ways by Dr.  Hamilton's Pills, which are an old  family remedy of great renown.  Thousands use no olhei medicine and  never   have   a   clav's   sickness   of  anv  kind'.   Get a  all dealers.  25c.   box today.  Sold  by  The 'Sacred Bridge of Pekin, which  a few years ago, no one was permitted to tread upon except the Emperor,  is rrow freely used by tire Chinese  pedestrians.  A Pill That Lightens Life.���������To the  man who is a victim of indigestion  the transaction of business becomes  an added misery. He cannot concentrate his mind upon his tasks and loss  anel vexation attend him. To such a  man Parmelce's Vegetable Pills offer  relief. A course of treatment, according to  directions,   will  convince him  Origin oF Wood Pu!_> Paper  A writer in the ''Newcastle Chronicle" says that an old hoi net's nest  caused Dr. prill, of Augusta, Maine,  to make the discovery. A friend and  neighbor had told him there was not  enough cotton and rags in the world  to supply the newspapers and other  publications with then raw material.  That was about forty years ago, and  Dr. Hill took a hornet's nest to the  superintendent of a nearby paper factory and asked him, "Why can't you  make paper like that?"*They sat down  together, took tho nest apart, analysed  it carefully, and decided that if a  hornet could make paper out of wood,  man ought to he able to do as much.  The doctor discovered that tho hornet  first chewed the wood into a fine pulp.  They decided to make machinery and  water do what the hornet's mouth  did. Such was the beginning of the  wood  pulp industry.  Good   Prospects ,Ahead  for the   Horse  Breeder  in  Canada  "The demand for horses in Canada,"  said J,i\as Stock Commissioner . John  Bright recently, "has already stiffened  considerably and I look forward to a  gradual return  to good prices. '  ���������When the panic of 1912 struck us,  as the banks shut down, tho horse  breeders were almost the first to feel  it. Consequently the tendency was  to stop breeding. In 1913, the tendency increased, while 1914 and I9J5  weru worse; so that there is a dearth  of foals this year, and a decided'scarcity of one-year-olds aaid two-year-  olds. .Breeding will come back slowly,  so that it will be'at hast four vcars  before the foals of tnis year come on  the market. -This means a ten-year  cycle in horse prices.  "1 lemember about 1892 when horses  were at a low ebb tnat I was offered  on my farm at Myrtle, but $40 for a  filly rising two years. She was registered, and of fair conformation. I kept  her. inside of eight years I raised  many ccits from her, and sold at 12  years for .f-250. Later when horses  were at their big prices I sold, a filly  rising two years for $290, not' better  than the one I was offered J40 for in  J 892.  Tn good times, a great many breeders are foolish. They hang on to good  stock, lefuse good pi ices, pay out big  Iced bills, and even mortgage their  farms to feed their ' stock, "until a  slack period pops up and they' find  their business ruined, their*farms gone  and the stock sold ata mere pittance  It is always good advice to sell when  you get a fair working price, and  horsemen should be well advised to  remember past experiences in future  bright spots. '  ''To me there is nothing but hope  fulness-    ahead   for   the   farmer    who  breeds big quality horses for the coming  needs    of ,Canada    and    the remodelled world."  Woman Found  In a Zeppelin  What a  French  Officer Saw in  Burn-  \       ' ing Wreckage  , Among the interesting statements  gathered at Itevigny by the correspondent of the'"Petit Parisien" regarding  the end of the Zeppelin brought clown  in flames' by the French is that of an  inhabitant of the region whose evidence suggests that there was a woman on  board the airship.  "1 was scarcely more than twenty  yards away among the people crowded  round the burning mass of the monster sky-raider," he said, "when I saw  a French officer, whom I knew, scrutinizing through his ficldglass a particular heap of burning wreckage, the  names of which lit up the night.  "He handed me the glasses, exclaiming, 'Look, there is no mistake,  about it, a woman was with them.'  True enough, I could plain!v see  through the glasses two slender feet  shot with high-lopped, high-heeled  fashionable boots. Thev were undoubtedly the feet of a woman.';  NO MEDICINE AS GOOD  FOR LITTLE ONES  Once a mother has used Babv's Own  lablcts for her little ones she will use  nothing else. The first few closes  make her realize there is nothing to'  equal them in making baby well and  keeping him well. Concerning them  Mrs. C. E. Stilwcll, Winthrope, Sask.  writes���������"I have used Baby's Own Ta-  ���������blets for the past ten years and have  found thcrn so good tor my little ones  that 1 always keep 'a box" in the  house.*', Tho Tablets arc sold by medicine dealeis or by mail at 25 cents a  box from Tlie Dr. Williams Medicine  Co., Brockville, Out.  .'- "_i_&l  ���������a-**?  rm  TneMosfCflmiort-Me..  Foofwear lc?$ummer.  A  WORN  6YALL  MEMBERS',  OFTHEFAMILY  SOLO BY ALL GOOD SHOE DEALERS  Vr   j-j'II  Minard's   Liniment  Cures   Colds,   Etc.  will do all that is claimed for them.  to them.  Visitor���������But whatever induced you  to  take up sa'o-eraek'ing for a liv-iiir-  "Oli! I ilunno, lady. I guess I had  a natuial gift tor it."���������Lite.  A cat can turn completely over and  lahd on il*> paws in a fall of fifteen  inches.  Waiter���������Yes, sir, omelettes has gone  up on account of tho war.  Dinei���������Great Scot! Aie they throwing emi- at each other?  Gloves  With   Fingers  It  was  in  the twelfth century that  gloves with separate fingers were iirst  worn.  Safety First  In "Fami and Fireside" is an account of the simple method that  ought to be employed everywhere by  which a farmer saved his property:  "One pail of water standing at the  foot of a ladder leading tothe haymow saved our barn," we read-.  ���������Lightning struck the barn, killing  two calves, then ran along to the top  of the haymow. My husband grabbed  the pail and ran up the ladder in  time to put out the fire, but if he had  had to wait to draw that water it  would have been too late." So if full  protection is not possible, don't neglect to keep a few pails of water  handy.  Minard's    Liniment   Cures    Diptheria.  Canada's Supply of Nickel  Rich   Deposits   in   Cobalt   District   of  Great  Value  to the   Empire  in Time of War  When the supply, of nickel has become one of the foremost needs of the  Empire it is well to recapitulate tlie  icsoui'ces that Canada, holds of the  coveted metal.  The total production of matte at  Sudbury, Out., in 19J5 was 07,703 tons,  containing 39,216,105 pounds of copper  and 0S,077,S2'> pounds of nickel, and  valued by the producers at ������2,070,000.  The tonnage of ore smelted (part being previously roasted) was 1,272,283.  The production in 1914 was 4G.39G tons  of matte, containing 28,896,825 pounds  of copper and 45,517,937 pounds of  nickel, and valued at ������1,433,000.  The reported recovery of nickel  from the ores of the Cobalt district  w*as 55,325 pounds of metals, and  200,032 pounds of nickel oxide. The  recovery in 1914 was '-.9*2,-12 pounds  of nickel oxide. About GO per cent,  of the Canadian nickel production is  exported to the United States, and a  far larger quantity of nickel finds its  way to the United Kingdom through  United States refineries than is exported directly from Canada.  The Canadian Government have  an agreement from the U. S. smelters  under which there is a practical certainty that noue of our nickel goes to  the enemy.  'Verdun  "It will, however, only be in rcstros-  pect,  when  the war is  over, that we  can fully  appreciate  the. part  plaved  by the army of Verdun  and  its contribution to the general  result.    We  cannot yet be sure of the exact reason,   or   balance   of   reasons,   for  the  German choice.    There were ceitainly  dynastic   and   economic,     as   well   as  military reasons.      The many failures  of the German  Crown  Prince had  to  be  redeemed,,    and. the  idea    that  a  striking, victory   here   would   confirm  and extend Germany's hold upon the  mineral'"-basin   of  Lorraine,  which  is  essential to her icon and steel manufacturers,   was   probably   not   foreign  to the decision.  Among  military, reasons, probably the 'strongest was that  Franco     could   be  given "a knock-out  blow, Vhereas    another   thrust    into  Russia* would   not   bo   decisive,'- even  if  successful,   and   any   success  upon  the British front in France was hishly  problematical."���������G. H. Ferris in London Chiouiclc.  er  It will clean most  silverware   in  lest  time, with less ex������  peuse,   than -any  .  other pieparatioa ., <-  made.     "Ideal" la,  not an electro-plat-  ing  preparation!   "'  removes   nolhina^ *  but Uietdirt..leav-'  int the silverware" '  like new.    ;Put up ,..  in eight and eian-'"-  teen-ounce (bottles. 1*  packed three dozes '  In case.   ;  At Ail Jewellers  Uc_l  r.ovar  Elraolatloa  Pulling   "BismarcKs"   to   Pieces"  i The latest war auxiliary in Germany is the dc-coppcrising of statues  for the needs of the arsenal. Much  adverse and unprintable comments  have been passed because some corporations have laid violent hands upon Bismarck monuments. Replacing  copper with iron has been taken as  of ill omen. One paper went as far  as to head an article against the  crime, 'Oh for an hour of Bismarck!"  i    .  J   .V I  ' ��������� ���������**������������������������������������ 1  V, - I  - J-.: I  A atr-lffhUormu- jranaroM  nfTer .from no esto-lisbsd  Arm. Wa aro eItIqc a���������_r  WAtcbQa lo LliOUS���������DdS ot  people all otoc thm  world aa a liuc*  advaz'bexne-t.* Now  Is your eh&nde to  obtain one. -Yrlt-  DO-, enclosing ,34  ccntii lor ono of onr  faehlonablo Ii.dta-'  !___-" Guards, _ cr  Genu* Alberts, lent  earrlaao paid to -wear  with the natch, whlc_,  will bo elran Frea'  (tho*o watches aro  guaranteed five rears).  Bhoald you take ad-*  -antotra ol oar marrol-  loua offor. Woleipoet yon to toll your friend*  about us and e-ow them-, tho > be-utllal natch.  Don't think this offer too eood to be troa. bnt send  nS cento to day end pain a Free, Watrh. Ttoa  will be amazed���������WILLIAMS ft LLOYD. Who7ei_lej  Jowotlorj IDort. US), to. Comwalll- Eoad. London, IL,  En-Imd. ^^^       in   "  No German office-*; or soldier is  allowed to aid Turkey until he has  enlisted in the Turkish army and  donned the uniform of the Sultan's  hosts. Enver Pasha says lie will  liste.n to advice from the Germans,  but professes to take no commands  from them.  If one be troubled with corns and  warts, he will find in Ilollowav's  Corn Cure an application that will  entirely lelievc suffering.  The Saturday  Holiday  The beginnings of the Saturday  half-holiday   might    be   traced   to  Outlook For Heavy Horses  The more iudgment exercised in  breeding the better it will be for the  country. For the last year or two  there has been a slump in prices and,  it is feared, less breeding than formerly in consequence. As a result, .when  tlie increased demand, which transactions, especially in tho west, would  indicate has already commenced, arrive at its fullness there will be "both  high prices and a marked deficiency  of the right sort. By this, coupled  with tlie fact that the wastage of  hois-.es in the war has been enormous,  it would seem worth while to impiove  Lake Tanganyika, which has been  frequently mentioned of late in connection with General Smuts' campaign, is 2,700 feet above the sea. It  i������ about 400 nriles long, indented "by  capes so that steamers take three  days to get fiom one end of the 400  miles to the other.  Customer (in barber's chair)���������So you  haven't    fieaid     Von   Thumper,    the  Furniture Storage Famine  Problems in Great Britain are as  thick as Scotch thistles on a bleak  farm,, owing to the war. One of the  minor problems is .the storage of  furniture. Since Conscription was  passed and married men have begun-  'to prepare for service, thousands have  had their furniture stored. Now there  aro no deposlories for storage, and  as everybody is busy with "work that  is more important many people are  experiencing unexpected hardships.  "Such a vicious temper! Where did  the child ever get it from���������not from  me,   I'm   sure,"  grumbled   Mrs.   Per-  famous   pianist?     Barber���������No.   Them) kin's  long-haired fellers never patronize me "x0 mv dear." replied Mr. Perkins,  ���������why should I patronize them?���������Mus- sadly, "you certainly haven't lost any  ical America 0f y0urs."  old-time     custom     among     Southern   and   accelerate   horse   breeding   along  v  Vou may rest assured  one .thing, Cowan's Maple  Buds wi 11 not harm your chiIdren  ��������� buy them for youirself and  yours..  A-10  planters, "On Satuiday's"," says Pro  fe.v-or Sanford in "The Stoiy of Agriculture," "for either the whole or a'  pari of the day, tlie slaves were released from field Woik. In many cases  they used this time and Sundays in  which to earn money for themselves  by hiring out and doing odd jobs.  There were many instances in which  slaves purchased their freedom and  that of their families with money  earned in this way."  The Memory of the Dead  In several cities in Canada there  are monuments to local heroes who  fell in the South African war and generally a small bronze plate is big  enough to contain the dozen or so  names. The monuments that will rise  when the present great war is ended  will be different in that respect. The  casualty lists in one encounter today  would' cover the base of the largest  memorial now standing.  with ceueral agricultural production.���������  Ottawa Bulletin.  Angry   Diner���������Waiter,  you   are  not  fit to serve" a pig! Waiter���������I'm doing!  The Worst is Yet to Come  "Hell let loose." says Vorwearts, the  organ of German socialism in describing the food riots in ���������Berlin. It  may be exaggeration. Even if true,  however, it is nothing compared with  what is going to "break loose" when  the still deluded German people come  to fully realize the extent of the crime  committed against ���������them by Prussian  Junkerism.���������New York Herald.  The old gentleman's wife was getting into a carriage, and he neglected  t<. assist her. "Voir are not so gailar.t,  John, as when I was a gal," she exclaimed, in gentle rebuke. "No," was  his ready response, "and you are not  so buoyant as when I was-a hoy."  Tea in  Burma  Most of the tea raised in Burma is  pickled and eaten as a condiment.  and Specks before the Eyes  Liver derangement is the cause behind these distressing conditions, and only restoration of perfect natural action can effect  lasting  cure.     That is why Dr.   Cassoll's lnslant Relief ia so  immeasurably  superior   to   tho   old-fashioned   cathartic   liver-  pills and apciicnt salts.    Such things   can   only   give  passing  relief by forcing  tho liver to unnatvral   action,  and  have   to  bo   continued.     Dr.   Casseil's   Instant  Relief strengthens  tho  liver, and so brings about natural action in a natural manner.  Tak* Dr. Casseil's Instant Relief for constipation, biliousness, torpid  liver, sick headache, dizzinoss, specks before the eyas, flatulence and  windy spasms, acidity, heartburn, impure blood, and that dull, heavy  feeling which is a sure indication of liver trouble.  J----   Ask for Dr. Casseil's Instant Relief and take no subrtituU.-   ���������'"'."  Price 50 cents, from all Druggists and Storekeepers,  or direct from th������ Sole Airents for Canada, llarold F. Ritchie andCo_  Ltd.. 10, -tcCa-l-street, Toronto.   War Tax 2 cents extra.  Dr. Casseil's Instant Relief is the companion to Dr. Casseil's Tablets.  .;;     Sole Proprietors: Dr. Cassell't Co., Ltd., itanclwter, England.  Or. Casseil's  my best; sir!���������Pall Mall Gazette.  I  W.      N.      U.      1113  ���������ii <:^):&'ibFi;::Tl$.!<i 'i.e.;.  -.--.I  ������������������Mf-I  Heligoland Germany's Bulwark  A movement has been:organized in-  Germany for erecting a monument in  honor of' Count Caprivi, 'the second  Imperial Chancellor, on the island of  Heligoland. It was during that statesman's rule in the affairs of the nation that Lord Salisbury ceded the  island in vexchange for Zanzibar.  Speaking the other day in the Reichstag*, Horr Waldstein, a Radical Deputy, said:���������"We have all been asking ourselves with a certain feeling'  of horror what would have happened  if Heligoland had still been today a  British fortress. With the deepest  feeling of gratitude we must remember  today the man who by the Treaty of  Zanzibar made the island the mightiest   bulwark  of  our German  coasts."  ____________  fe5il__l^^ v       - As...--..'..''* - . _  ,* IS -.' "1  *, v- > *���������*  THE      GAZETTE,     HEDLEY,      B.     C.  j i  .;���������!  I.  ti  6oi6inans:6o.  _____������_5_i_������Z  "The Big Store"  General  Merchants  KEREMEOS, B. C.  SING LEE  Laundry, ..Contracting of all  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing lana, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremkos, B.C.  She Dudley Gazette  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year 92.00  "   (United States)  2.50  Advertising Rates  Measurement. VI lines to the inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, $1.25 for one insertion, 25 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over one inch,  12 cents per line for first insertion and 8  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  $1.25; over 1 inch and up to 4 inches, $1.00  per inch per month. To constant advertisers  taking- larger space than four inches, on  application, rates -will be given of reduced  charges, based on size of space and length  of time.  Certificate of Improvements $10.00  (Where more than one claim appears  in notice, $2.50 for each additional  claim.)  Jas. W. Gbier, Publisher.  Hedley, B. C.. Aujr. '3, 1916.  " He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me."  The coast politicians are calling each other liars, crooks,  cowards, poltroons, etc. As  they are all lawyers, their  opinions of each other may be  accepted  as  expert  testimony.  Why is it that in a noted fruit  district such as the Similkameen undoubtedly is, one never  sees local fruit on a hoteldin-  ing room table ? The same may  be said about fresh vegetables.  Everything canned. In a few  years the parsons will have to  use patent can-openers to reach  the hearts or consciences of  church-goers. The people of B.  C. are afflicted with kan-kultur.  The machine in Northern  Okanagan has again nominated  Price Ellison to run in the Conservative interests. Conservatives throughout the province,  not interested in pedigreed cattle, will sympathize with the  Conservatives of-Northern Okanagan. If Ellison had any idea  of decensy he would not have  allowed his name to. go before  the convention, but if he had,  the government cattle would  have been purchased in the  usual way,     Billy McLean has resigned  as Conservative candidate in  Nelson. Billy, during the sessions of the legislature, had the  very bad habit of getting his  front and hind leg3 tangled in  in the machine traces and braying. Billy was unfortunate.  Other members were content to  sit jtight, vote, and allow the  publicity man to send out  speeches that they never made.  Billy manufactured and delivered speeches that the publicity man couldn't send out.  When Billy came home, the machine handed his shoes over to  Dr. Rose. There are places  in B.-..-C. where brains can be  used to:."-'advantage, but not in  the legislature.  The organizer of the^Egbb^'i-J.'-'  bitionists was in to see "us yesterday, and would like to reply  briefly to articles of the antis.  The Gazette has  but none  to  gi\  editor has been  more than once,  space  to  e   away,  on  his  up  but has n  sell,  The  pers  ver  received help or encouragement  from parson, prohibitionist,  politician or booze pedler. It  was rustle or starve. To those  people who want space in the  Gazette, we have but one business answer, "dig down, or do  without it." If the prohibitionists can pay organizers and  lecturers, they can pay for  newspaper space. Of course  the anti-prohibitionists pay, or  have agreed to pay, for the  space they are using in the  papers throughout the province.  Why shouldn't they? It's the  booze-vendors' fight; not the  newspapers'.  A Very Fine Distinction.  J. Peck MacSwain is not dead.  He flew into Greenwood last  Sunday sitting on the cushions  of an auto. He will probably  go out on a freight train.���������The  Ledge.  Not dead; just suspended  animation.  A good deal of conversation  should be canned and the can  thrown away.  Copies of tho Prohibition Act  may be obtained, free of charge,  by writing M. A. Tuck, Room  24, Canada Life Building, Vancouver, B. C.  It is reported over in the Slocan that Jim Grier will come  all the way over from Hedley  to vote against Bill Hunter.���������  Kaslo Kootenain.  -Just a little below, the belt,  friend Power. True, if possible,  we will go over ,to Slocan, but  not to vote against Bill Hunter,  WTe have nothing against Mr.  Hunter; we have against the  the Slocan machine, managed  by J. W. M. Tinling, J. P., sec-  retary-Treas., of the Conservative association, and in fact  a professional secretary-treas-  urear. Tinling is the Conservative representative of the Slocan, both federal and provincial.  It is time that real Conservatives had some say in the affairs  of the Slocan, and not men who  change their flag every time  they cross the 49th parallel.  monthlVreport  H<!dley Patriotic Fund Committee  The Hedley Patriotic Funds  committee submit the following  report covering collections made  for the month of June. If your  name does not appear your  subscription has not been received during the month. In  some cases subscriptions are  paid in advance and have previously been acknowledged. If  you are in arrears please hand  your subscription to the Treasurer. Collections made as i>er  list, month of June, $945.70. Of  this amount $153.85 was subscribed for the Hedley Enlisted  Men's Fund. The balance,  $791.85, was subscribed for the  Canadian Patriotic Fund.  Following will show the  amounts remitted to the Canadian Patriotic- Fund:  October, 1914 $1001  January, 1916       597  February, 1916....      772  March, 1916       752  April, 1916........      747  May, 1916.........      747  June, 1936       791  75  00  00  75  50  95  85  $5410 80  C. P. Dallon,  Sec.-Treas.  We  hereby  certify .that   we  have examined the books and  accounts of the Hedley Patriotic  Funds  Committee and find the  above statement to be  correct.  H. D. Barnes   "i a   7.,  F. M. Gillespie)Audltors*  PA*__*,0_J_  DEDUCTIONS, JUNE, 1916. .  W. Sampson   $ 3.50  M. L. Gezon  5.00  Friend,  8.00  B. W. Knowles  4.50  Win. Lonsdale  10.00  C. B. Prior  5.00  A.Clare  . 4.50  S. la. Smith.  4.00  G. B. French  3.50  John Smith  ........ 4.50  P. Murray,,.,-,...,,,,,....,.... 6.00  G. M. Gilbett  5.00  P. G. Wright '.. 4*00  O. A. Brown  4.00  V. Zncki-rson  4.00  H, E. Hanson  4.00  W. Mathew....  4.00  R. S. Collin .*  5.00  J. W. Wirth  4*50  AV. W. Corrigan  -1*50  L. C. Rolls  3.75  R. Boyd  3.75  P. Millelt  3.75  H. F. Jones  5.00  T. C. Pox-teous  4.50  G. W. Wii-t-inen  4,50  S. C. Knowles  4.00  B. H. Simpson  4.00  T. Henderson  4.00  H. T. Rainbow  4.50  G. Knowles  5.00  G. Stevons  4.75  T. R. Willey  4.00  J. G. Webster  5,00  R. Clare  4.00  J. Hardman *���������.. 4.00  T. E. Bur-rus  4.00  M. McLeod   Geo. Walker.,.  R. L. Jones   A. F. Loonier.  A.J.King   A. Beam     4.50    3.75    4.00    3.75    4.00    4.00  F: Bent'ey..:  3.50  Ed. Hossack :  3.50  A. V7. Harper  3.50  J. Gaaie  '3.50  J. Jamieson ."    ��������� 4.00  W. Knowles  '5.00  W. W. McDougall  3.50  J. Donnelly  3.75  T. L. Terry  3.50  Leo Brown  3.50  G. E. McCl'ure ". 3.50  D. Curry  3.50  W. Robertson '"   3.75  Jos. Whyte  3.50'  F. Decario  3.50  A. Sandberg , 3.50  D. Henderson '  3.50  R. Anderson  4.00  A. Appleton  3.50  A. Ross .'  3.50  N. Steehishin  3.50  D. Sweeney"  3.50  G. R. Allen  4.50  T. Bysouth  4.25  L. Basso 4.25  W. Burrows  4.25  J. R. Brown  4.25  J. Bloomberg ���������  3.75  E. Berg  4.25  J. Coulthard '.  4.75  J. Casey      4.75  W. Constantine  4.00  J. Dragoes  4.25  Joe DeGroe  3.75  O. Franzen   3.75  J. Grieve  4.25  J. Galilzky  3.75  M. Gillis  4.25  H. Grenquist  4.25  R. Humbly  4.25  J. A. Holland ,  5.00  J. Hancock  4.25  W. Humbly  5.00  J. Hossack  3.75  P. Johnson  4.25  S. Johns  5.00  P. R. Johnson  3.75  C. G. Johnson  4.25  L. Johns  4.25  O. Lindgrcn  3.75  L. S. Morrison  5.75  H. H. Messinger  4.25  W. Mitchell  1.85  G. Malm   3.75  J. Martin  4.25  A. Nicholson  4.75  K. O. Peterson  5.00  G. Pr-ideaux     10.00  R. Porritt  4.25  Fred Pearce  3.75  D. Rankin  2.00  A. Rawnsley  4.25  B. Rescors  4.25  Geo. Ransom  4.25  W.Ray  4.00  C. Rause.,  4.75  J. Roden  2.75  J. Snell  4.25  Ole Screenes  5.00  W. J. Stewart  5.75  S, Swanson  4.25  Swan Sweedling  3.75  C. A. Selquist  3.75  BobSlillim   Casper Steen...  W. AV. Savage.  J. Thomas..  A. Taddis......  A. AV. Vance...  J. Williamson/.  F. Williams....  D. Werry   Fk. Wyberg....  4.25  3.75  3.5  4.25  1.00  4.75  3.75  4.00  2.00  3.75  F C Chapman  8.75    4.25    3.75    4,25    3.75    4.25    3.75    3.75    4.25    4.25  F Carlson.   S Dogadin   C E Ericson   Clans Ericson..  AV. T. Grieves..  G. Southain   A. Nyborg   AV. Sutherland.  AV. Trezona   W  ln������lewood  Supply Store  v     ���������  General  Merchandise  KEREMEOS CENTER.  Si tffi  Miss McKinnon        4.00  G. McEachren        5.00  Miss Rochi-fj         2.00  J. D. Bruss   R. J. Edniond   F. H. French .'.   W. A. McLean .'   Jas. Stewart   Miss L. Beale  .  Miss Ii. C. Halliday       Miss Ida Tompkins .  John Mairhofer   MissE. Clare '   James Clarke '   James Cr itchley .*.-..  The Daly Reduction Co.......    200.00  R. J. Corrigan         4.00  S.E. Hamilton     * 10.00  B. Rolls :  5.00  H. Rose      5.00  Rev. R. Williams  1.00  A. J. McGibbon  2.50  Geo. Lyon        10.00  GeoShelder        16.00  5.00  3.00  5.00  5.00  2.00  1.00  2.00  3.50  5.00  2.00  2.50  1.00  Hedley's Contingent  Following isthe list of the men who  have gone to the front from Hedley.  The Gazette publishes fchem in Lire  hope that our readers will not fail to  remember these brave fellows who are  fighting our- battles for- us. ~ AVrite  them a letter- occasionally to let them  know you are keeping "The Home  Fires Burning.' Addresses gladly  furnibhed on request.  Pte. Sid Edwards (Killed in Action)  L. C., "Blair Mills (Killed in Action)  Pte. AV. Fullmer    ''^l ���������  "   J. Stapleton ',*"���������  " J. Frame ���������   r- ,'.4'*j-..*..',  " Torn Corrigan        "*'"- ���������"  " Ebcnzor Vans, (Died in Hospital)  " Roy Corrigan    - f v-  '* N. B. Ewait  " Bobby Robertson  " Jack Howe .  \-  "   Dan Devane --.'���������-v*\-���������*  -   .;- .--> -.  "   Dan Dollemore     *��������� ' '-?���������!  "   J, T. N. Hepper  "   Arthur Coles  .'*   Bert Schubert  Corp.    Frank Dollemore  " M. J. Meher, (Yor kie)  L.-Corp. T. C. Knowles "  Pte. Rod McDougall  "   R. James .  "   M, H. L. Jacombs  "   E. J.Rothei-hain.  "   Arthur Freeman  "   C. Christiana  *'   J. Corrigan  Gunner Chas. Saunders  Pte. A. P. Martin  Sergeant A. AV. Jack  Pte. T. Calvert  "   AV. Liddicott  "   George Boxall  -"   W. Tucker  "   Fred Beck  2nd Lieut. A. E. Denman  Pte. J. McClintoek  "   A. B. S. Stanley  "   Homer McLean.  Pioneer Nick Pickard.  Pte J M Donovan,  Pte Wm Burroughs.  SIMILKAMEEN LAND DISTRICT.  Take Notice that Richard L, Cawston, the younger, of Keremuos, cattlo  rancher, intends to apply for permission to lease the following des*cribed  lands: Commencing at a post planted  one mile north of the north-east anglu  of Lot 2036s; thence north 80 chains;  thence west 40 chains; thence south  80, chains; thence east 40 chains con-  taining three :hundred and twenty  acres. RICHARD L. CAWSTON, Jr.  Dated July 10th 1916  SIMILKAMEEN LAND DISTRICT.  WHEN YOU ARE IN  Letterheads  Billheads "  Envelopes  Statements -  Meal Tickets  Milk Tickets  Ball Programs  Posters  TRY US =- WE  -   D odgers, Dates ?= i -  ���������   Circulars-   ;,,*'  Invitations  .*-..*,  Business Cards  Bills of Fare  Memo Heads  Butter Wrappers  Yisiting Cards.  GIVE SATISFACTION  Dates of Fall Fairs  . The departrrient of agriculture has  issued the following fall fair dates for  season 1916:  circuit 3  Chilli wack ���������...-. Sept." 13-15  Aldergrove.,,', :-- .-...Sept. 15  Matsquj       ���������.������������������",���������,���������.���������  ��������� St'P*"  lo  Langley '.-.';. ..-���������/���������; Sept 19  Richmond '* ���������;��������� v\.*   ��������� ��������� * Sept 19  Richmond ,,,    ',"���������.." Sept 20  Burquitlam ,,,,.,, Sppb ������1  CIRCUIT 4  Barirere Sept 13  Hefley Creek..- Sept 14 15  Piitchard    v S.i*pt   19  Kamloops '. Sept 20 22  Salmon A.rm Sept 22-23  Kelowna Sept 26-26  Ann strong  Sept 28-2  Eagle River (Malakwa) Oet 8  CIRCUIT 5  Gateway Sept 5  Cranbiook Sept 6-7  AViiidermere Sept 12-13  (Jol-Jerr  Sept 15  Fruitvale ...,.,,,,,...-.���������: Sept 18  Trail 7 ....Sppt Jfl-20,  HEDLKY-  AV. J. Cormack..,  -TOWN LIST.   $   3,50          5.00  G. P. Jones '.,     20.00  J. K, Fr-aser.           3.00  G. A. Riddle            3.00  H> D. Barnes   .....        5.00  C. P. Dalton            4.50  A. T. Hoiswell ���������   .....       3.00  F,M. Gillespie   .....     10.00  A. Winkler           5.00  J. Jackson           5.00  T. H. Rother-ham           5.00  W, T. Butler.   .....       3.00  G. Barnum   .....       1.00  Take Notice that Henry A. Barcelo  of Keremeos, cattle rancher, intends  to apply for pe-. mission to lease the  following desoribi'd lands;���������CoiiMuencr  ing at a post planted at the south-east  angle of Lot 1409s; thence south 40  chains; thence east'80 chains; thence  north 40 chains; thence west SOehairiB  to the point of commencement, and  containing three hundred and twenty  acres. HENRY A. BARCELQ.  Dated July 5th, 1916.  SIMILKAMEEN LAND DISTRICT.  Take Notice that Henry A..Barcelo  of Kerenieos, cattle rancher, intends  to apply for permission to least* the  following described lands: Commencing at it post planted at the north east  angle of Lot 2036s, thence north 80  chains; thence west 80 chains; thence  south 80 chains thence east 80 chains  to point oi oinrnencernent and containing 6-10 a<:r>'S  Dated July,10th'. 1916.  HENRY A. BARCELO.  Nelson 7.     20 22  Boswoll,.���������.-'..... .Y..i..-'.!-."*r. i  ...... Sept 22  Grand Forks.,,,,,,',..,,,  .. .Sept 25-26  Greenwood,,,,.,,,.,,,,.  ,,., .Sept 27  CIHCUIT 6  Revelstoke ,,,..,.,.,  ,,,Septiil 23  Robson   ,..    Sept 25  Slocan City    Sept 26  New Denver   ... Sept 27-28  Burton   .   ...Sept 30   Oct 4 5   ..Oct 7  CIRCUIT 7  Nicola,.   :    ..Oct 6  Penticton.. ,,    Oct 9-10  Sunirrrei'land   ....Oct 11-12  Kai'-.nralka (0'yuiiiii)'........,.  .::...Qct 14  Tne Nickel Plate  Bariwsnop  SATISFACTORY, SANITARY  T0NS0R1AL SERVICE  This shop it equipped with  Paths and all the latest  Electrical Appliance-*.  W.T. BUTLER, - Prop.  J.BEflLE  PAINTING  PAPER-HANGING  KALS0MINING  TERMS MODERATE  DALY AVE",  --   r   fllcpLEY, B.������.  ������Q  YEARS  ���������gXPE!?!!ENQE  Trade Mark?  Designs  Copyrights Ac  Anyone -ending a sketch and description may  'inlc-ly ascertain our opinion free whether an  Invention is p-obably patentable. Comraunlca,  ttons strictly confldentlal. HANDBOOK on Patents  3ontfree. Oldest oeenoy for seouriiifrpatenU.  - Patents taken through Munn A Co. receive  special notice, without charge, tn tha  Scientific American,  A handsomely illustrated weekly.  culatlon of any soientlBo journal.    - ~.._���������,,_. _  yoar; four months, ?1. Sold by all newsdealers.  1-U-tOD. D. C.    .  J.nr*est olr.  Terms, $3 a  Branch Offlcr, hb V SU WMbtu-too. J  Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulation]  COAL mining rlg-htH of the Dominion, il  Manitoba, Saskatchewan and AlbertiJ  tho Yukon .Torrltoi-j-. the North-wost Ten?  tor-ios mi'l In a portion of tho Province of BcJ  tish Columbia, may bo loused fora term ri  twoiity-ono years at an annual rental of ?1 n.1  a ore. Not more than 2,ot>0 nci-os wi- be loasoj  to one applicant.  Application for a leaso must be made by Oil  applicant in person to tho Agent or Sub-Agen_  of the district in which the rishts applied fq  aro situated.  In surveyod territory tlici land must be defl  cribed by sections, or legal sub-divisions ol  sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tracl  api)Iijb'd fty' t$'*/*;*l Jje sfij, jeec} oijjt-    the applicanj  Kach application must |jb appomnanieA by j  fee of $3*,Vhich will lip refunded if H/ie rigfiti  applied for a|.-e not available," bijth'of; ptil'o'-|  wise. A royalty shall bo paid oi) tfip njercfta������tl  able output of the intiie at tho j-ate of five cpntf  per ton,  Thp person operating tho mine shall firriilsl!  the Agent with sworn rotnriis accounting foj  the fiill quantity of merchantable mineii  and pay tho royalty thereon,   I        boal inin  ing rights lire not being operated su    return?]  should be furnished at least oncp a year.  Tho leaso will include the coal mining right  only, but the lossee may bo permitted to pur',  chase whatover available surface rights may'.  bo considered necessary for the working of the *,  mine at the rate of $10.00 an aero S  For full  information application should be ,  mado to the Secretary or the Department of  tho Interior, Ottawa, or o auy Agent or Sub-i  .Agent of Dominion Lands.  "    W.W.UOKY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N.B.-Unaiithorized publicati  tisemont will not be paid for*  this advo  06m

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