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The Hedley Gazette Aug 2, 1917

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 Librarian  Legislative Assembly   mar 16,  ----.-.  rr-i   ���������>   tj   T    ^  "',r  1 i  Volume "XIII.    , Number 28  HEDLEY, B.C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 2,  1917.  $2.00, In Advance  JflS. GLftRKt f  Travel by AutoV.  Cairup Phone No. 12  11 A good stock of Horses and Rigs on  Hand.   *ff Orders for Teaming'  , '. _ ' promptly-attended to; "_*- '  WO'OD   FOR   SALEf'  Uvery, Feed & -Sale Stables  {   KEREMEOS ITEMS.   |  Dr.   Elliot  made  hi������.   weekly  visit to Keremeos Thursday. .,  Mrs. Evans of  Oroville spent  the week end the guest of Miss  Betty. Eiohter.     ,".  -- ?   ,  Mr." and- Mrs.    LeLiovie' of  Spring" Brook   ranch, were   in  town on Monday.  Phono 12.  HKDLEY" B. C.  D. J. INNIS  N. THOMPS  N PHONE 8BYMOUU591S  ,    MGR. WKSl'KBN CAN_DA  Carnmell Laird & Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturers   .  - ^      -       Sheffield, Eng.  Offices'mid Warehouse, 847-63 J3eatty Street  Vancouver, B. C.  R. F������. BROWN  British Columbia Land Surveyor     i  " Te_. No. 27  PENTICTON,  P. O. Dha-veh KiO  - ,   **      .*������-*--- ] * ,  -   "  -'      B." C  P. W, GREGORY  CIVIL, ENGINEER ani> BRITISH  COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building       -       Princeton  WALTER  CLAYTON  c.  n.   IIASIvINR  k  ���������."-������������������  GtiWION &-fi/\SK!NS  - -Barristers, **Soliciioj-v"Etc.  MONEY TO" "LOAN  PENTICTON,  DR. J. L. MASTERS  DENTIST.  OFFICE IN COVERT BLOCK.  Oroville, Wash   .--  *������  X  i s  Grand Union |  Hotel  }<t  ;  X  X  %  x  -HEDLEY,  British Columbia ������  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  ������  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X  tr       ��������� -. 3  K }i  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  of Liquor and Cigars  A.   WINKLER,     Proprietor  Miss "Helen Richter visited  the dentist in" Oroville between  trains'Friday last. '    . -  Miss Betty Richter left on  Thursday's train for an extensive visit with friends in Detroit.     *  Pi-opiictor*'    - Miss Eva Gibson arrived home  ' on Saturday from   the Oroville  hospital.  Her many friends are  glad, to "see her home again.  Messrs. Carle and Coleman  each had letters from Mr. Car-  michael last week, saying they  were-all feeling well and fit for  their work.  Any one wishing to contribute  to, the Patriotic Fund should  see Mr. Corbet of the Canadian  Bank of Commerce. This fund  should, be taken more into consideration.  Mr. and-Mis. G. C. Keeler left  by auto-on a.trip through, to  Spokane ..and Seattle, where  they :will visit with "their .son  fora ,few days who is now in  training at Seattle for overseas  service.  The sad news reached, here  Wednesday morning that Jone  of the twin'sons of Mr. and  Mrs. D. J.'Innis had died at the  Oroville hospital. Mr. and Mrs.  Innis arrived home with the re-  "mains Wednesday afternoon.  '-* Fresh., apricots, cucumbers  and tomatoes are veiy plentiful now. No need of anyone  wondering what .to get for  lunch in the Similkameen valley these days when there is  such an abundance of fresh  fruit and vegetables.  Mrs. Knowles of Olalla wras  in town Tuesday and had the  point of a fish-hook removed  from her finger by Dr. Elliot of  Hedley. While fishing on Sunday the hook caught in the end  of her linger and while trying  to pull it out it broke off.  Miss Bunt, who has been  teaching in Manitoba for the  past six months, arrived here  on Friday last to visit with her  parents, Rev. and Mis. Bunt.  After a short visit here she will  go on to Victoria where she will  visit some time with   a" brother.  At noon on Wednesday, Aug.  1st, at Penticton, Miss' Annie  Smith became the bride of Mr.  Merton Burnie, both of Keremeos. After a wedding trip by  motor up the Okanagan valley  they will reside in Mr. A. Morrison's home here until their  own house is finished. Mr. Burnie is a nephew of Mr. A. Morrison.  A wire was  received  B. C.  Mrs. Carle visited with Mrs.  Chamberlain, Similkameen, between trains on Friday.  Miss Nit a Richter of Midway  is visiting with her nieces at  Jhglewood during the holidays.  Mrs. L. A. Clarke' ot Green  mountain is visiting for a few  days with her daughter, Mi's.  Innis. ' ;, *  _-.   *��������� '  Miss M. Cameron has accepted  a position as stenographer with  the Blair & Armstrong Packing  Co. here.  *       t '  We are sorry, to say that Mrs.  Beckett has been* suffering terribly with erysipelas. "We hope  for Her speedy'rec-oVery.  Rev. J. A: 'Cleland of -l?ontic-  ton"* preached very interesting-  sermons here on Sunday morning and evening to a large congregation.'  A very welcome,, rain*" arrived  in Keremeos on Saturday morning, which helped the crops and  also put out the-..worst of the  forest fires around hero.  Mrs. J- S. Miner of Central  Point, Oregon, arrived hereon  Friday and will spend the remainder of the summer and  fall with her husband, who has  charge of the cannery.  Mr. Butchardt, sqhool inspector for the Province" of Alberta,  spent last Aveelc -the guest of  Mr. and Mrs. - W. :M. and the  Misses Cameron. -He was very  much taken with.the Similkameen valley.    ,      \-  The Food 'Products cannery  is neariug completion. It wii I  be  ready for  operation by the  S-Eleiik '... 3.75  P. Eaton  4,23  G. E. French '.  1.00  M. L. Gezon   5,00  J. Gain e .-.,, 3.75  .1. Galitzky  \'XS  AV. T. Ur-ieves .' 4.'*25  ���������I* Grieve....-  5.00  II Groenen  3.75  F. G r oenen  4.50  Hans Hill  3.75  Thos Hibaon -  3.75  J. A. Holland  5.00  R. Humbly  4.25  J. Hancock  4.95  J. H.irdnian  4 (JO  MCHill  4.50  YV Hagan  3.75  T Holm  3.75  H Hainhly  ��������� 2,00  H, E. Hanson .'  4.00  T Hendei .son  4.00  M. Ivevich  3.75  C. G. Johnson...-"  4,25  H Jackson   P.R.Johnson 7  4.25  N Johnson  4.25  Alex Johnson '.  2.10  J. Jamieson .-*. .. 3.75  H.F.Jones :.-.  5.00  H. I. Jones .*  3.50  B. \V. Knowles  7.00  G. Knowles  5.00  S. .0. Knowles  4.00  A. J. King  4:00  C Kovich  1.90  Win. Lonsdale     10.00  xifter  weather  hot  a   few   days   of   cool  it is again  hot, very  time tomatoes are ripe. The  cannery will have a capacity of  fifty tons of tomatoes a day of  ten hours and will, be a valuable  addition to the "resources of the  town and community. The  plant is owned "by the Food  Products Co., Ltd., of Vancouver, B. C, and will be operated  0. Lindgren  4.25  J   Larson '.  3.75  *_ F Loonier-  3.75  M Matich  3.75  D'Melhei'g  -1.25  -IIII MesMngei-  4.25  L. S.  Morrison  5.75  G.~Malm   4.50  EdM.ihn  4.00  D  Miner  4.00  M J Meher  4.00  W   Mat hew  4.00  P Mur-iay  (5.00  C E Muzzy  3.75  M Mrlach  1.90  D. J. McLeod*  4.25  A McClnskv  4.23  P M McPhillip*-  4.00  E M-Phillips  3.75  J McNnlty ,_.... 3.50  M. McLeod  4.50  J   Naft*  4.00  O T Nor man  3.75  ONoien  4.25  E Nelson  3.75  T. Olson  3.75  A Olund  4.25  by them. About eighty people r *r0'  will be employed and Supt. J.  S. Miner says he regrets that  white labor is not available  here and Chinese help will have  to be used to a large extent.  Quarters for 75 Celestials arc  now under construction by the  company. The plant will be  modern and up-to-date and  equipped to handle tomatoes as  the heavy crop conies on; and  also apples, peaches, pears,  pumpkins and a variety of other  fruits and vegetables. Four  carloads of tin cans are already  K. O. Peter-son..  Fred Pearce   J {Pearson-.- ......  F Peter-son    A L Pearson..  H Rhodes   we.  4.50  4.25  3.75  ���������4.23  4.00  5.00  4 25  E Roope  3.7.-  W Roberlson  3.73  A Rawnsley  1.25  MS.-u.ich."  1.25  J N Kakolich  I -_3  J Sakolich  3.75  Geo. Stevens  4.75  John Smith  4.50  S. L. Smith  fi.00  W Symons  3.75  W Snider-  3.75  Blake Scott  3.75  D J H. Taylor*  4.50  stored in the building and more  coming.  MONTHLY REPORT  -.������������������*���������  '*  All kinds of fresh and  cured meats always on  hand, Fresh Fish on  sale   every  Thursday.  hero on  Friday from Mr. Prescott saying that the following had been  successful in passing their entrance examinations: Lillian  Gibson, Jim Clarke and Wil-  burn Mattice, Keremeos; Mary  Taylor, Gladys Ring, Harold  Taylor and Bobby Sheridan,  Cawston; Annie Manery and  Lillian Shurson, Similkameen,  Congratulations are extended  from their many friends.  Hedley Patriotic Fund Committee  PAYROLL DEDUCTIONS,   JUNE. 1917.  G R Allen     4.50  R.  Andeibon      .-  4.50  A AppleLon  .. .*  3 50  J. R. Jiiown  4.25  TB.iiul  1.50  J G II Taylor-  W. Trezona..  J Thomas   AV Tints   N Tucker    A. AV. Vance..  F Williams.. .  J. AV. Wirth...  P. G. AVright...  RlWhcelcr   T. R. Wii ley....  J. G. AVebster-.  KF Webster...  Geo Walker....  AAr Young .  R. J. E DM ON D, Prop.  GREAT NORTHERN  HOTEL  HEDLEY- B.C. :      ^ '  Bar and Table the Best... Rates Moderate  First Class Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor.  (J. A. Brown   F. Bentley   F Bar-.-ich   K Berg   E Bei'lando ...  AV S Bonner   I) Curry.:   M Cliong   Quan (Jliong......  I[ Oamelon,   A. Cl.-u-e   R. S. Collin   XV. XX'. Uoi-i-ig.-tn..  Richard Claie   TPOon-igair.  J. Coullbai'd   TB Cannon   T K Cannon.....   ,  S Dngadin ���������.  J Der-y....'   Miss NDI11   AV Eiakson   DiR Elliot.   NEILSON'S. the Chocolates that are different.  In Bulk and Boxes.     -  NELSON'S   LUXURY   TOFEE,   a   delicious  confection.   This is worth trying.  Ice Cream, Sodas, Cones, Buttermilk.  riEDLRY���������TOWN  TAST.  H. D. Barnes   J. D. Brass   W, T. Butlei   John Beale   G. Bui ii urn   James Clar-ke   MissE. Clare   AV. J. Corinack   James Ci itehlev   The Daly Reduction Co   R. J. Edmond   F. H. French   J. K, Fvaser......   Finlay Fraser   AV J Forbes   F, M. Gillespie   S E Hamilton.   P I-Ieldstab   ATHorswell   G. P. Jones   J. Jackson   F Lyon ".   Geo Lyon..-   John Mairhofer   J Murdoch   A. J. McGibbon   W. A. McLean ,   G McEachern   Miss Roche.   T. H. Rother-hanr   G. A. Riddle   Geo Shelder   Jas. Stewart.   A. AVinkler   4.50  5.75  . 4.25  4.00  4.25  . 4.75  4.00  4.50  . 4.00  S.00  4.00  .      5,00  . 3.30  3.75  ,      3.75  5 00  5 00  3 00  3 00  1.00  ���������    2.50  2.00  4.00  1.00  200.00  3.00  5.00  5.00  5.00  4.50  10.00  5.00  4.50  0.00  20.00  5.00  3.00  5.00  5.00  2.50  2.50  5.00  5.00  3.00  5.00  3.00  3.00  2.00  5.00  G. P. Jones, Mrs. Jones and  family left Tuesday for a short  visit at the coast.  Nick Pickard returned this  morning after having served  about a year overseas.  G. McEachern, Mrs. McEachern and family spent a couple  of days in   Oroville "this  week.  Last week a tank of sulphuric  -_;25|acid  exploded outside the mill.  No damage was done  except to  the tank.  Mrs. and Miss Bowerman and  Mrs. Boeing left last week for  a couple of weeks' outing at  Osoyoos lake.  Mr, and Mrs. J. W. Wirth  and Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Rolls  returned Monday from an outing up Ashnola creek.  Mr. and Mrs. E. Robertson of  Detroit arrived in town Saturday last and are the guests of  Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Rolls.  W. T. Butler caught a nice  trout in the Similkameen last  week. It was 15 inches- long  and when cleaned weighed a  pound.  Lately the tailings from the  Daly Reduction company's mill  have been running into the  river and- causing considerable  inconvenience to ranchers down  stream.   *  J. Peck MacSwain arrived in  town Saturday last, after spending    the   winter   in   Republic,  and   visiting    old-time friends  at  Greenwood,   Phoenix,   Midway", ' Bridesvi%/. 'Mqlkop^Che-' ,  saw and Oroville.' "Peclc is dhe"'  "of the best ling-uists on-the continent.       He    speaks    fluently  Gaelic,  Earse, Glasgow, Donegal, Cousin Jack, Cockney, Minnesota, United States  and English; Cape Breton, Quebec. Sar-  cee,  Blood,  Piegan,  Blackfoot,  Sioux,  Stony, Chinook,  Siwash  and  Missouri.    We  tried to induce  him  to  tan-jr here for a  right smart, but he was due in  Merritt on the 1st to  deliver a  lecture at  the  annual  festival.  ���������J.  What the British people hope  and expect, and their feelings  have been divined by the king,  is that both now and for the  future the royal family shall be  British all through and in all  the relations of life. Our present king and queen owe much  of their hold upon the affections of their subjects to the  fact that they are one with  them iu birth and speech and  outlook; and we can wish for  our future soverigus no prouder  or surer title to the loyalty of  the people.-Daily Mail, London.  AV. J. Cormack, Sec-Treas.  Conservative   Convention.  A Conservative convention is  called to meet. at 3 p. m. in the  town hall, Keremeos, Saturday,  August llth, for the1 purpose of  selocting a candidate to contest  Similkameen riding for the  local legislature. A full representation is requested.  D. McCurdy, President.  Are Good Cows Misjudged?  Recently three cows that  stood side by side were tested  for nine consecutive milkings.  The first cow had an average  test of 3.7 per cent of fat, the  mtiximum and minimum tests  being 2.9 and 5.5.  The second cow had an average for the nine tests of 4 2,  with maximum and minimum  tests of 2.4 and 5.4. The average test for the third cow was  2.6, with extremes of 2.0 and  4.0. Hence it is evident that  the laudable desire to know  what a certain cow's milk tests  for fat may be defeated entirely  if only one sample is run  through the machine.  In the light of the examples  given above, as well as of hundreds of other instances on record, it is safe to conclude that  a fair method is to test a complete sample of five or six milkings taken at intervals when  the cow is in normal condition.  This plan has given good results in tho cow-testing work  of the daiiy division, Ottawa.  Eight drinks will buy The  Gazette fosy one year.  isi^>f-a������a -V-���������*���������;'.--V  THE      05ZETTE.     HEDLEY,      B.      C.  The Turtle Auto  Builets  Cannot ���������  War  Hit    This  Machine  Strange  One oi" the weirdest looking machines yet devised for use in the  woild w.ir'is being built for tli" alh.s  in France and Flanders. It is known  as the "Turtle Auto." not from its  laik of spceo, but from its shape.  The car is so designed that every  part is cuived in such a way that a  projectile* will glance off. No ma ler  from what side or angle a .shell is  fired, the curved lines of the Turtle  au'o will offer but a slight resistaice.  The bullet uill glance up or down  or  horizontally.  The driver sees through a periscope and is entirely protected from  bullcis. Besides the chaffeur the car  contains four soldiers who wield  rifles through small portholes an I  man a four inch -*-un that can be fired  at any angle, ft will be interesting to  learn what weapon or device the  Germans will evolve to combat the  ''Turtle car," which is said lo have  been the invention  of an  Autiiicnn.  Min;  rd's      Liniment  Friend.  Lumberman's  Food Shortage in Germany  Three     Hundred      Thousand     Poor  Children in Berlin  There is no need to cxaggciale the  hunger condition of the Fatherland,  it is revealed day by day in the  press, and the following are a feu  facts culled from (he most reputable  papers in lierlin and clsewheic: 125,-  000 Berlin woikcrs struck as a protest aganist tlic reduced bread ration;  bakers' shop windows were smashed  and their contents greedily devoured  by famished boys and girls; many  towns are prohibiting the ariival of  visitors, and it is a crime to smuggle  food into such towns; Lanshul, iu Silesia, has notified the summer resorts within its jurisdiction that they  must not catci for guests this year;  and Berlin has set apart $250,000 lo  defray the expense of sending 300,-  000 children into I be country to obtain nourishment and fresh air. And  these facts could be added to by the  bushel. In one town no butter has  been in the stores for five weeks .In  the poor neighborhoods of Munich  cheese is no longer on sale. Milk is  sold at prohibitive prices. A nrollicr  was fined 10 marks for consuming  more than a half pint on one day for  hcr family of five.  Stimulate Interest  In Live Stock  A  Circuit of Fall Fairs Through the  West   Will   Encourage  Exhibition  The board of the Saskatoon Winter Fair, of which Hon. W.C. Sutherland is chairman, proposes to offer  the following piizcs at the Winter  I-"-ir lo be In Id Dee. -1, 5 and 6, 1P17:  Hoiscs K'"-''5; cattle ?.',508: sheep  $1,063; bogs $867 and poultry $2,000:  total of $11,000. This i*, an increase  over last winter's fair of $5,000 in  prize money. The classification is  the same as being offered at the Re-  gina fair. _ This is the first of. the.  Western winter fairs to be. held in the  fall. e  A circuit of fall fairs, consisting, of  Rcgina, Saskatoon a'iid Calgary '.lias  been formed. This will encourage  the exhibitors to show at all three  places.  Jn. addition lo the regular-, prizes  for registered stock, "provision has  been made, for graded stock, which  will permit, of all farmers exhibiting.  One of the special features is the  boys' calf feeding competition open  to  bqy residents  of Canada.  MEN AND WOMEN  Need  the Rich, Red Blood Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills Actually  Make  Thin-blooded people do not remain  so front choice but from indifference,  in sonic cases from despair. I'coplc  v. ho are pale, languid, with palpitation of the heart, some difficult}- in  breathing and a tendency to be easily  tired arc suffering from thin blood.  They need only the resolution lo take  the right treatment and stick to il until cured. The remedy that can be  relied upon is Dr. 'Williams' Pink  Pills for Pale People. Wilh every  dose they make new blood, and new  blood means health and strength.  The red cheeks, good appetite, increased weight and strength that follow the use of these pills prove their  great value lo thin-blooded people.  Here is an example: Airs. J. -McDonald, Jr., Hay, Out., says: "I honestly  believe Or. Williams' Pink Pills saved my life. Some years ago I had  anaemia, and as f did not realize the  seriousness of the trouble I soon became a complete wreck. 1 got so  weak 1 could hardly walk. 1 neither  ate nor slept well, and could not go  up stairs without stopping to rc-t. At  Conscription in U. S.  Rude and Harsh Measures arc Necessary in War Time  In legalizing conscription during  the war by an overwhelming majority in both houses congress has exhibited the common sense and the  power of quick adjustment which in  an emergency Americans can usually  be depended on to exhibit. War is a  rude and harsh business, and people  who decide lo wage war must folio.v  up the decision with rude and harsh  measures. The authorization of recruiting by compulsion is interpreted  by one group as a triumph for democracy* and by another as its irretrievable defeat. It is neither. Congress  has not accepted the principle of universal military service; it has only  adopted the expedient of a selective  draft during the war. As soon as the  war is over the question as-to how  American armies are lo be recruited  will be rc-opened; and a new decision  will have to be reached based upon  international political conditions at  that time and the enduring international responsibilities of the United  States.���������From the New Republic,  on   llti'scs,   Catlle,  &c,   quickly  cured   bv  EGYPTIAN   LINIMENT  For S.ilc by All Dealers  Doiifjla*.   ft   Co.,   Piop'ra,   Napance,   Ont.  (Free   Sample   on   Request)  Quite a Difference  Did you notice that in the Kaiser's  telegram lo the Crown Prince he  speaks of earning through the "fight  for existence to a glorious end." No  longer domination, spread of kill In r,  and a' that, you notice, but merely  "existence." There is a world of  blasted hopes lo be read in that  phrase, which may well give the Allies heart.���������London Sunday Tele-  grain . l~'  c .  Viviani's Appeal  To Canadians  The Pill That Leads Them All.���������  Pills are the most portable and compact of all medicines, and when easy  to take are the most acceptable of  preparations. But they must attest  their power to be popular. As 1'ar-  melce's Vegetable rills are. the~mosl  popular of all pills they must fully  meet all requiicments. - Accurately  compounded and composed of ingredients proven to be effective iu regulating the digestive organs, there is  no surer incditiiic to be had anywhere.  per-  dc-  will  iinc.  that,  times I had an almost unbearable pain  in my back and would have to lemain  in bed. J sirflei ed almost- constantly  from a dull headache, and when  sweeping if 1 would stoop to pick up  anything I would get so dizzy that I  would have to catch hold of something to keep from falling. At times  my heart would beat so fast that I  would have a smothering sensation.;  My eyes were sunken and my hands  and limbs would be swollen in the  mornings. I tried, several kinds of  medicine' without benefit and my  friends thought 1 would not' recover.  Then I began taking Dr.���������'��������� Wililanrs'  Pink Pills, and before long could see  and feel that they were, helping me.  I gladly continued the use of the pills  until ] was completely cured and I  cannot say enough in their praise,  and I strongly recommend them lo  all  rim  down  girls and women."  You can gel these pills through  any dealer in medicine, or by mail at  50 cents a box or six boxes for $2.50  from Tlie Dr. Williams' Medicine  Co.,   Brockville, 'Ont.  A Bang From Bangs  Borlcigh���������I nc-aily died laughii'g  la'-t  night.  Pangs���������Which one of \our jokes  -\iie  you iclliiiir?  Reduced by Asthma. The constant  strain of asthuia brings the patient to  a dreadful state, of hopeless exhaustion. Early use should by all means  be made of the famous Dr. J.D.  Kellogg's "Asthma -Reiuedy, which  more than any other acts quickly and  surely-oir lire air passages and brings  blessed help'. aiuL comfort; No home  where ������������������asthma.' i* present in the least  degree-should be without  remedv.  this  rreat  probably the very  best food you can  select is  Grape-Nuts.-  It contains the  mineral salts and  energy values���������all  the nutriment of  whole wheat and  barley ��������� digests  easily and quickly,  and the flavor is  delicious.  'There's a Season"  for  s.  War as Tuberculosis Cure  in  Outdoor  Life  of Soldiery  Results  Remarkable  Cures  Sonic mouths ago the British medical journal told remarkable tales of  recoveries from tuberculosis made by  British soldiers in France. Now it is  interesting to read the opinions expressed at the New York Academy  of Medicine that tubercular persons,  unless seriously affected, need not  expect to be exempt from conscrip-  ticn on account of physical disabili  ty. Sir William Osier was quoted lo  the effect that army life often results  in  a complete cure of  tuberculosis.  Tuberculosis   is   an   indoor  disease.  a   disease   that   follows   man's   stupid  habit   of   shutting   himself     off     wilh  glass  and   walls   from   fresh   air    n-rl  t'-.nshinc.   In  protecting himself from  the elements  the huntan   animal    ha;  1' wered, his  resistance  to   bis  bacterial   enemies,   un'il   consumption     lias  become the great white plague.   VVn:  is   relieving  us  of  many  a I'tificiali ;es  ���������and   reintroducing   us   lo   the.     kindly  elements-.     Hence   tlie   recovery���������under  otherwise   favorable   conditions���������  of the tubercular soldier in  the. field.  War is  entitled  to   whatever ciedil  is its due. Dr.  Osier says signific-nt-  ly:     "The  military  profession  is    far  less dangerous for a person wilh p  1-  mciaiy   trouble   than   many    occupations  of  civil   life."   These   many  occupations  of civil  life  are  to   be.   made   as   healthful  Calgarv   News-Telegram.  Not All Gone   -������������������;'  Reporter���������I   am     told     that     your  trusted cashier has left  lhe bank.  Bank President���������lias  her      Thank  heaven we have the building; to  start  with  again .  The Great Struggle for the Cause of  Justice  Deeply    impressive    were Viviani's  closing   words���������his     direct     message  and     appeal     to.    Canadians.     With  aims outstretched, he leaned towards  the  parliamentarians.   "Ye  Canadians  who  listen  lo mc,"  he cried in  quivering   tones;  "ye  freemen   who  sit in  this parliament, pray mark my word**  I   realize   that  you  arc  farther  away  than  we  from   the  battlefields.     The  roar  of guns does    not    reach   your  ears.     You do not sec the return of  hosts  of wounded  men.     But,    morally  speaking,  you  are just  as   close  as  we  arc to  the fray.     Confronting*  one   another���������you  and  us���������wc    have  autocracy and    democracy  in  a  life-  and-deatli    struggle.      Should,  chance the freemen   fail  to win,  mocracy and    universal  justice  go-do-un to defeat at the same t  it was  in  the cause .of justice  at  all   epochs,    we  drew  the  sword  It was  in   the  cause  of justice    that  Britain   and     France,   together    with  their  noble  allies,     entered  the  war.  It is  lo enable the    children  of men  to  enjoy well-assured  and prolonged  peace  that wc are fighting."  Looking up to the crowded galleries, peopled by many women, Vi-  \iani again stretched forth his arms.  ''Mothers," he pleaded, "now listen lo  inc. Tt is for your children's freedom  to secure 'peace and liberty for mankind that a whole generation is giving its life today making the supreme sacrifice. Let pious: thoughts  accompany those who go to the front.  All laudatory epithets have been exhausted. There is nothing left to  say in their praise other than that  many have given their; lives, for a  sacred cause, and 'others',.are- still  fighting for the salvation of all mankind���������fighting for justice, fighting  for truth, fighting for- right". Their  fame and their courage must ever  be an immortal example to all men."  WATERPROOF   COLLARS   AND    OUFI������_  Do away with ull Laundry Bills. When the/  become soiled June wash them with soap onc|  water. No honing necessary. Suitable foil  thos* of.the most fastidious tnsta ns they look aaj  cood as linen.   Ask your dealer Northern.  ARLINQTON   OO.  OP OANADA, Limited!  Fraaer Avenue, Toronto  ���������Wiiwiii  or stuttering overcome positively. Our  natural methods permanently restore  natural speech. Graduate pupils everywhere.    Frco advice and literature.  THE ARNOTT INSTITUTE  KITCHENER,      -      CANADA  ������____  "-*.������:  COOK'S   COTTON   ROOT   COMPOUND  A safe, reliable regulating medtl  c'/it. Sold In three decrees ol  strength. No. 1, *1; No. i, ii i  No. 3, (5 per box. Sol- by all  druggist-, or sent prefald la  plain package on receipt oi  price. Free pamphlet Addreai  tub cook MEDicim, cw  Toronto, Ont iFcrrrurbj H'JndWJf  Is no mora necessary  thanSmallpox;^ May  experience has demonstrated  the almost miraculous efficacy, and harmlessness, of Antityphoid Vacclnatiea.  Be vaccinated NOW by your physician, you and  your family. It Is more vital than house insurance.  Ask your physician! druggist, or send for -Have  you had Typhoid?" telling of Typhoid *������_ecinet  results from us t and danger from Typhoid Carriers.  THE CUTTER LABORATORY, BERKELEY, CAL.  rnoDUCiKa vaccines t siruhs under u. 3, ������ov. uciiisn  T_i^E-i*_^Eri'*j__p_-___DY* "���������'-"���������I"*'  THERAPSON I_S&������  gre-t success, cores chronic weakness, lost vioot  & VIU, KIDNEY, BLADDER. DISEASES, BLOOD POISON.  PILKS. EITHER No. DRUGGISTS or MAIL ������l. POST 4 CIS  ."���������OUOERACo.dO, 8KEKMAN ST. SEW VORK.r LYMAN BROS*  TORONTO.    WRITE POR FREE BOOK TO DR. LE Cr.ERO  Med.co.Haverstookrd. Hampstead, London, eng.  ^���������i-*'_I_-_G^(TAs'_i-:isl_^Ri-0-F  "'-to T������������������_  T-HE-RAPION-:-:ffiiftDo...  tEE THAT TRADE MARKED WORD -' TUERAP'ON ' U 0.1  *R1T. GOVT. STAMP AFFIXED TO ALL GEN-INK FAC-BTS.  Keep Minard's Liniment in the house  "I   am   thinking-  fugitive 'poetry,"  ���������""Don't  bother,  running after it."  of-   .writing:'    some  Nobbdv    will    be  London Servant���������If you please,  ma'am, ah official-from the government 'condiment economy board to  inspects the cruets!  All mothers.,can put away anxiety  regarding their -���������suffering children  when they .have Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator to give relief.  Its effects are sure and lasting.  Restored to Health by Lydia  E. Pinkham's Vegetable  Compound-  crying out  as   war.���������  W.  N.  U,  1153  "Why arc  vour ha! ?"  *T always  it. So far  $196.10."  }-ou putting that mark in  put one in  when  I  check  this   hat     has     cost    me  Fulton, N. Y. ��������� "Why will wo-..en  pay out their money for treatment and  receive no benefit,  when so many have  proved that Lydia  E. Pinkham's "Vegetable Compound  will make them  well? For over a  ye*ar I suffered so  from female weakness I could hardly  stand and was  afraid to go on the  street alone. Doctors said medicines  were useless and only an operation  would help me, but Lydia E. Pinkham's  Vegetable Compound has proved it  otherwise. I am now perfectly well  and can do any kind of work."���������Mrs.  Nellie Phelps, care of It. A. Rider,  R.F.D. No. 5, Fulton, N. Y.  We wish every woman who suffers  from female troubles, nervousness,  backache or the blues could see the letters written by women made well by Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound.  If you have bad symptoms and do not  understand the cause, write to tho  Lvdia E. Pinkhahi Medicine Co., Lynn,  S_a33., for helpful advice given free, .  Where The Wheat Comes From  "There is land "enough in the great  hard wheat belt of the_ prairie country west of the Red River and Lake  Winnipeg lo produce a very large  portion of the world's wheat demand.  Scientific agriculturalists say that  this is the largest continuous ' expanse of rich soil on the American  continent," says Sir George Foster,  Minister of Trade and Commerce- for  Canada.  BOOK  OX  DOG DISEASES  And How to Feed  -Tailed free to any address br  AmeYlca'S < **-*��������� Author  -Pioneer    I H. CLAY GLOVER CO., Ine:  Dog Raweiliesf 118 West 31st Street, New York  MONEY ORDERS  It is always safe to  press Money Order. .  three  cents..  send a Dominion Ex-  Five     dollars     costs  to  I was cured of Bronchitis and  Asthma by MINARD'S LINIMENT.  MRS. A.-LIVINGSTONE.  Lot 5, P.E.I.  I was cured of a severe, attack of  Rheumatism'bv MINARD'S LINIMENT.  Mahonc Bay.        JOHN MADER.  I  was  cured  of a  severly  sprained  leg bv MINARD'S  LINIMENT.  JOSHUA A.   WYNACHT.  i'l-idgcwatcr.  Setting a Good Example  Action  of' C,P.-R.   an.;Incentive  Everyone  Mr. Charles H. Webster, secretary  of the Live'; Stock Section.of the Winnipeg Industrial Bureau, advises that  he has been informed that the C.P.  R., living up to the aims and - objects of the Live Stock Section of the  Bureau, have discontinued serving on  any of their menus, veal, suckling  pig, young lambs and srjuabs. "'  The order is taking place on all  their lake boats, Pacific and Atlantic  steamers, B.C. coast steamers, B.C.  lake steamers, C.R.R. dining tais  and  C.P.R.  hotels.  It is needless to say that when a  large corporation like the C.P-.R.  takes such draslicstcps that it should  be an incentive to everyone lo assist  in a movement of this kind for preserving young animals, and also increasing' the live stock production of  our country.  "Buying Hogs"  Sooner or later the packer and  s-laughtercr arc going to buy hogs  subject to the post mortem inspection, and the hog raiser who continues to fatten his hogs with tuberculous material should be made to sustain the. loss arising from his lack of  knowledge, skepticism or indifference.  When -lire packer buys .subject to  the post mortem 'results'* the intelligent: hog raiser will get more for his  healthy hogs than he docs now, and  ilie careless breeder will get less for  his tuberculous hogs, which is as it  should be���������-Dr. John R. Mohle-.-,  Asst. Chief U.S. Bureau of Animal  History.  G  ��������� >m  Jl'>  II'  ' --l-'S'-S  *"-;s  1 ���������'  ������. ��������� ..i������-H_i  ___ ��������� t  XE&     GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.      B.      0,  fef  T  ,3  /  f: <  i  r  g:  WAR WILL CONTINUE LONG TIM  IS OPINION OF MANY AUTHORITIES  LOUD   NORTIICUFFE   VENTURES   A   PREDICTION ���������<^���������"'."o���������*"������ Sh l,*���������  whelming majority realize and admit  German Delusions  The  Blindly  Obedient  Belief of  the  German People in Their  War Lords  Believes that the War-is Just  One of a Series, and that Political  Upheavals and Revolutions will Occur in Most o( Belligerent  Countries, and Conditions will Improve  More than a ywr ago, a prominent  J oronto   soldier,   returning   wounded,  replied  to  lhe question  of a   bore as  to  the  length of the war:  "Well,    j  won't know   how long it will last, but  J   think the first seven  years will be  the  worst."    At  the  time   the   retort  Mas   made   the.   proper  answer     was,  Har,   bar!"     Now,   there   is   another  answer.    Several  authorities  are  pre-  .ncling a  war  that will  lasl  for  two  or   three  years  more.   The   latest   of  them   is   Lord   Norlhcliffc,     who   has  been   astonishingly    correct     as     regards  the development of the war in  many phases.    He thinks lhe war will  continue  for  some  lime   yet.     In   an  article^ he  contributes  for     the   New  York Tiibunc he makes a comparison  .with   the   American   Civil   War.     He  says  that in   that" conflict  both   sides  Mere   unready  and   that  it  continued  for four years.    AI the outset il had  been  expected by some  optimists  lo  lasl   for  six   weeks.    He  argues   that  the measure of preparedness is to be  considered wheys  the probable length  ol   the   war  is  being  discussed.   .   In  other words, if the unprepared South  aga-inst   tremendous   odds,   could   last  four   years,   how   long   can   Germany  hold   out,   having- prepared   for   fortv  ycars?  When  Lord  Norlhcliffc   writes   for  American   readers   a   reasonable    discount is  necessary.  He loves Ameri-  1 can  rcadcis, which is .natural for any  writer.   He also wants American readers  to  love him, and in the process  he   will   not   spare   his   own   countrymen.   On the whole, Lord -NorthclihV  is doing  a good work in  lhe United  States   through   the   medium     of   the  papers- which   carry   his   opinions   to  the nation.    Two years ago  his papers   were" thrown  out   of   clubs     and  hotels;  he was  burned in  cfiigy,   and  was   for  a  few weeks   competitor  of  Hindenburg for the prize of the best-  hated man in England.    Events piov-  cd  that   his  ciilicism   of  the     British  dm  or for representation by population,  01 for the greatest good to the greatest number, or for some other noble  abstraction We fight well for them.  JJo- wc hghl as we would fight for  our livest That is how Germany is  hj.-liling, and we have to fight the wav  . <=>  ..���������'���������-���������-J    ���������*-"���������_������._   aim   ciuinil  he  absurdity of  their  present  belief  lhat   their   country,   after   exhausting  every possible means of keeping the  peace, was forced  to defend    herself  against a  ring    of    jealous  enemies.  l hat delusion is the foundation stone  upon    which    the   government    have  reaiicd their whole gigantic structure  of falsehood. People will fight equally  hard   for   their beliefs  whether  those  belief-,  be   right  or  wrong,  and  until  this   foundation    stone -is   torn   awav  lire combination of millions of blindly  obeaient  industrial   human  ants,  pulling all their faith in a set of unscrti  PALESTINE FOR JEWISH NATION  MAY SOON BECOME A REALITY  REPUBLIC    OF   JUL^A   WOuZS"   BE   ESTABLISHED  The World War May Bring,Fruition to the Idea that has Persisted  -through Many Centuries, and Many Believe Hope of  Jews Is Within Reach  . .   -���������----._... _��������� , ...... ..-    1   1  li   3 1,   | -"   ���������  mistratioii was light.    His papers   *���������'* -1 public  sepia  Russian Monks to be  Sent to the Battlefront  Criminal   Prisoners   Allowed   to  Join  the  Army  All the monks of Russia will b-  s*"'U to the front to serve in lhc"~clc-  Pai'lmcnl of sanitation, according to  orders issued by the Russian war  '������������������iiirslry. Lay brothers will be recruited as soldiers. Recently thej  monks demanded equal political  nghts with lhe lay population, including the vote, and they have been  giving other marked evidences of revolutionary zeal.  , Five hundred criminal prisoners in  the province of Nizhni-Novgorod  have petitioned the government that  they be .sent to join the armv. A  ���������pocial - commission has examined  i'- d accepted 30C oT those who signed I  the petition. '  A novel measure to suppress thievery m the soldiers' barracks has bce-i  put into  practice  in   Pctrograd.    i A  captured   thief was  forced    to    walk  along   the   Nevsky  Prospect   bearing  placards   with     (he    inscription:     "1  stole sugar  and  shoes   from  the* sol-  drcis."    After    the    ordeal   tea    was  given to him and he was relea ed on  his promise  lo  be  good.     A   similnr  stoiy  comes  from  Bessarabia,  where  a clerk of  the war organisation was  accused of stealing- a horse.    .V yoke  was placed  about  his  neck    and    he  was exhibited  on  a  platform  erected  Germany is fighting before we can ,"T "V ""i *''."���������" *u a '3CT- or ������"**crtr  boat Germanvl���������Toronto Mail ������������������,, '��������� l,lol,sI>" ambitious leaders, will con  Empire. " '"    ,,IU,| tunic   to   be   a   firebrand   in   the   so  ciety ot nations. This stone is so  .rrmly set thai it cannot be moved  until Germany is forced to admit that  she  is defeated."  While   the   majority.'   of     German *s  whine at the  British blockade, of tlie  Cciman stomach, they delight in their  own  government's   blockade    of    the  Gorman  mind.    If a  "ncuiral" comcX  lo England fiom Germany he is asked  by everjone he   meets,  "How a-c  things  really  there?"      Reveisc    the  proceeding and the    average  German  would  not  think of  sccki-ig informa-  I t|onv   Only   ideas   with   tlu*   made   in  Germany label  arc   good   enough  for  him.  The entrance of the Uniled Slates  will have no immediate effec1 of depression upon, ihe German people.  Smce the lir-l winter of the wai  they have been educated lo the belief that Ameiica has been doing  practically all she could against th'em.  ���������D. Thomas Cm tin iu London Daily  Mail.  "Justice for Everyone'  *,\crcS-o-*l6red to popularity. Soon il  became apparent-that his criticism  had been well-founded. Suggestions  he had made were adopted. So, if  lod iv or tomonow he' seems lo b_  unduly fond of American methods, wc  may only hope that if these methods  fail, be will not hesitate lo speak ai  frankly to the Amciican public as he  did lo lhe British nublic.   -  He looks for a long  war.   He  says  that the tluee gical events of the war  to date have been the wonderful  defence put up by France, the entrance  of five  British nations into  the    war  on the side of England���������Canada, Australia,   New  Zealand,   and   the   minor  colonics  and    India-1-���������and    the    slow  arousing of the United States and its  entry inlo^ the fray."  He says in reference   lo   tlie  submarine    campaign,  that in  England  they do not  take  il  boiiously "enough,  and   that     in     the  United  Stales  they  take  it   too  seriously.    He contend-, that the submarine cannot win   the war.    He    compares  it with the  thrust upon   Calais  -���������id   the  attack upon   Paiis. They  were, iu his opinion, mere secondary  thoughts, devised after the grand  plan of lhe German army had failed.  The "grand plan was the capture of  I'aiis.  J he palace of k'shesinskava,  property of the dancer and former favorite of Empress Nicholas,  wlicli had scivcd as a slron *���������*-  hold for the adheicnls of Vikolai  Lei ine,    the  radical  Socialist  leader,  to its rightful owner. "After a ion,,  piocess in the courts the keys w-.-ic  delivered to the woman, who was  pcimined -to  examine  the    premise*.  Roosevelt Outlines Rearrangement of  .Europe  After   the  War  "Ji's-icc for everyone"' should be  lhe kej-iolc of peace terms for Germany, says Colonel Theodore Roosc-,  yell, in an article entitled, "Ait the  1-tag on the Filing Line," in the June  '*-���������*.������<;  of  the   -Meliopolitan   Magazine  "The Pui.ssianized Germany of the  flohcnzollerns.*' says he, "has sho,ui  its<.li more the enemy of freedom,  hu-uani'y, justice and international  right than w"'.s Napoleon's ]-ranee.  Let us strive for the peace of justice and of inlirnatioii.il right Did  they but know il, the GVrma l people  themselves would benefit bv our *,ie-  l< ry;    anel    especially    the'people   )l"  /,       -*������������������   7-*-'"^*-   i*-n*.n.i,| i* . j ,      .inn      e-iJuciaii v      uie   pee  is on the. point of being surrendered'South   Germany  and"    Austria,  Young America  Would Lend a Hand  world  be   troi  Piiissia    and  their rights.  "Belgium and  rcsloreei all that  them. 'I he Turl  democratic  -v I o  rrom lhe tyranny 0f  would     be   guaranteed  Ihe Republic of Juelca or the Re-  pi blic of Israel, a home-ruled nation  --under the prolccloiate of the United States of America. Site: The land  ot their fathers, Palestine; capital,  Jerusalem.  The world war in the view of many  seems about to bring true the dream  that has persisted through the ccrf-  tuncs that jlhe Jew has wandered the  earth. He is about to have his own  home back again, to live there or  visit in security. That this security  should be maintained by America is  lhe idea  of Israel  Zangwill.  "Such a protectorate," he said,  ''would be expected, of course, to endure only so long as-was necessary to  see the Jewish nation firmlv established among the nations 'of the  ear Hi."  This statement to  by  the great   Icade.  ion  is significant for its indication of  a  meeting-  point  belwccn   the "efforts  he  has led    and  the    efforts    of the  Zionists of whom  Louis D.   Brandcis  has   been   the     most     prominent     in  America.     The   Zionists   have    made  Palestine   their  sole  objective.   Zang-  will's  organisation  has urged  that  it  is  more  important . thai     the    Jews  should   colonize   somewhere    at     the  cailiest  possible  lime  than   that  they  should   return   to   llic-ir  own     ancient  land.    Admitting the strength  of the  lie  that binds  them  to  Palestine,   he  has urged  that il" this is not feasible  iIkv should  settle  elsewhere.  Tie ha*-  in   the past sought  the British    government's   aid   foi   a  proposed  settlement    in    South    Africa,    Canada orj  A uslralin.  Now   he     agrees     Palestine    itself  seems   within   reach.  The -ves of thirteen million Jews,  seal tercel throughout the world, are  on General 'Murray's ainiy now seek  ing lo drive the Turks out of tho  country that lhe Jews once had.  1'iom this thirteen million, perhaps,  should   be   excluded   tlie  six   hiindrc-'d  ousand Tews who are fighting In  'he various armies; they, by fate's  irony,   will  be last  to  know  that tlio  -acc.,nay ,ilfil;l  s*01--cthinff  fo*'    their  Hm|hMC.iS   a  Str������*"g  be!ief in     E"ff-  and  th.lt  restoration  of Palestine  to  lie Jews would be a profitable, polit-  ���������(.al   undertaking  for the  British.  it  is    not ��������� expected,"    said    Mr  ^a.igwil!r 'thru  a|i  the  Jews  of  th ���������  world would flock-there to make  their homes. It is my belief that the,  dift*1 shla������"cu luralisls who find living  diftcull elsewhere, should be aided to  return and that they should form  he basis of the new nation. Jerusalem s l.calion might make it the si'o  tor a great commercial or trading  cily   but  the  important  tiling-  is  not  Counter. Check  Or Sales Books  California  Youths  Would    Help  Work Alberta Farms  Following the example of three  hundred students of the Illinois Agricultural College, who arc now ?n  Western Canada, helping in agricultural operations, nearly- 100 sto'ut-  limbcd boys down in Pasadena, Cal-  ilornia, would like to come to Alber- r  la for the summer and help out on lion  the farms, says the Kdmouton Journal. The physical .director \ of thy  high school in that city has written  to the board of trade asking if there  is any need of their services iu the  b'duionioii district or other parts of  the province.    He ,sa\ s  the bovs  are  !-"rane-e    mu't     have  has been  t ik( 11. l'm n  tniiM   b a\ e    l".ui ope  ....    Rii������-*.ia  at   Csjuslanii-  .rople   would   thii-aien   no  one Ar-   "  '*��������� i-os-iu  menia   should   be   fiee   t.nd  aulonom-j hcult times  ous.    Austiia   is  not a   country,    hut  a knot  of nationalitie*-.  of which   two  Mr. Merc'.ant:���������  If i 011  are   not  alicady  using  Coiinier   Check   or   Sales   Books  would   le.spec'JUly  solicit your  older.     \1a1s   of   experience  our  we  .  .      next  ler. \eais of experience ur the  ii.aruifaeture of this line enable us to  1-ivc >o-.i a Look as nearly pcr.cit as  it  is possible to be nirirfe in these dif-  lyrannij'e   over   the  fitiioi*-  l.cl the  Hungary  Austii.i.  Ticnlino  a g'-cat  a     gr.at  he a 11a-  -,       ,   -.-    .,   ,.Q- ,.       ,, l"i   l-iovmcc.     j-ie ,sa\s  the  Lord Xorthehflc says thai the warht.,vc-..  sixlcen and "twenty  is just one of a series of wars.    The  submarine  campaign    he  considers  a  mere phase, and he docs not  believe  that it can achieve anything. Already  it lias produced a revolution in  Rus-  siat   an    upheaval ��������� comparctl      with  which  the "French revolution   was    a  "���������-   trcHibr.    He.believes lhat other    up-,  heavats will follow and    that revolutions will continue .to accompany the  . war  to   the   end.  \lu   his   view   it   is  impossible   to   conduct  such,     a     tremendous    and    long-sustaincel      war  without political  revolutions  in   most  erf the  belligerent  countries.   He   believes,  loo, what, most of us  believe,  ti.at one of lhe results of the .struggle  will be   an  improvement  in   the. condition of the working classes.     They  will be contented no longer to accept  ihe wages that were offered them before the   war.      They    will    demand  greater   percentage;     of     the     profits  which   they   create.    They   will     get  what they .demand.  His  article is    entitled  "How    the  World   Shall-Kill   ,lls   Prussian   Cobra," and^be  asks  his  readers  to   im-  '��������� ngine that the allies are dealing with  ji,  cobra,   or,  in  other words,  with   a  stale that will spare no effort to gain  its point.    A few days ago" thc'Quccri  of Greece said that her brother  was  fighting for his^ dynasty,   lir the  fight  he   has   with   liihr   the   ruling   classes  of Germany. They feel that lliey are  lighting for their lives. When a cobra  is fighting for its life it is idle to suppose  that  it. will "���������  take  into  account  any rules of the game.    The    recent  German  order that all hospital  ships  will be sunk is an illustration-of the  point raised by Lord Northcliffc. We  in Canada have not yet come to  .   years of  age, and have fell the promptings of  war lime patriotism  to  the extent .of  being willing.to offer themselves Tor  farm  service, wherever they may   be  wanted most.    The fact  lhat-Alberta'  has appealed to them as a first choice  is   taken  as  a  pleasant indication   of  the  feeling  across   the    line    toward  this  part of  allied   Canada,  and   Secretary Fisher will assure the    voting  Californians   that  their  action   Is   appreciated.     It   is   possible,     however,  that  the  harvest  season   in    Alberta  av ill  be too  late to come  within   the  school holiday period, anel so the" offer  niay.-nol  prove  acceptable.  Importance   of  Constantinople  It   is idle  for statesmen   to   talk  of  concluding-   a   permanent   peace   upon  the.   basis   of   straightening-    out     the  tangle in ���������northern  France, and    Belgium   and   Poland,   and     dismiss     as  something  of  secondary    importance  the   mighty  knot  which   ties  not   one  er two, but all three of these empires  lo  Constantinople.     Let us  face    the  fact.     Untie  every other  knot  in   the  present conflict, and leave untieel this  t 1 ublcsome   knot  in   the   capital     of  the Near East*, and the ending of the  present war-will be the beginning of  preparations  feu* a war even greater.  ���������North American Review.  Hungarians    keep    Magyar  and   the   Au������tii.i'is   German  Let   the   Italians  have   the  and  Tiicste.     1 el   there  be  Serbia,  a    gieal     Bolu mi.i,  Rumania.  "Poland should o-n-.- move .... .. .,���������-  which should include all of the  Polish lands, mil h-ive an outlet to  the Baltic through old Polish Prussia, olel West Piussia. Fast l'iii������i,i,  which is Genua'!, would be unavoidably separated from the other tier-  man kind:*, but il _could be kept united with them politically, by arrangements for lliroi'gh railway lia-l'ic,  _nch as v\c have- with Canada on  cur international   railroads.  "Tire Germans would keep Germany,, would lose nothing but' the  right to" oppress others, woulel suffer  no injustice. Ireland, should have  Home Rule. Seek justice lor everyone; the Dane of "North Schlcswig;  the Finn, the IJuiate, -the Caucasian  in Russia. F.udeavor to .secure, a  guarantee of real religious freedom  and fair play alike for Catholic. Pro-  tcstanr,   Orthodox-   Greek   and    lew."  All classes-and giadcs of paper ,*ie  now from  100  to <100 per cent   higher  than   they   were    two  years   ago.  Carbon    papers,    waxes    for    coated  books,   labor,   in   fact  cverythiiftr that  goes  11110  the   cost  of  countci   check  or sales books are \eiy high in price,  Notw. ' standing-    these    facts,      our  modern  and   well  eeiuippeJ plant  for  this  particular  work  enables    us    to  still    keep    0111     prices      reasonably  low.    Before placing your next oider  write  us   for   samples  and  piices,  or  consult  the proprietor of this   paper.  Wc  make a   specialty    of    Carbon  Pack  or  Coaled   Books,  also     O.K.  Special  Tiiplic.itc  books.     On   these,  and our regular duplicate and   triplicate separate Carbon Leaf Books, we  number among    our,   custouiei .**    the  -.,   .���������,.    ..,   ������������������_���������.*_��������� ian-  Hung  ls   not  > the United Press   iered^n olh^r lh������S<! wh������ hre P1'_S"  r  of Jewish   opin-  bu   to care for ?hn"������"  .    Jlie, gI������bC-  .r its ,*���������,i;,v,i;-n   -.*   ",,!������ ca,^ f01/he great numbers of  oppiesscd-m other lands.  "With a Jewish nation established,  mc Jews everywhere would feel they  have a home again, whether or not  circumstances permitted them to live  Hi ere themselves."  Zangwill won the support of Jos-  cj.li Chamberlain -and Winston  Uiurchill to his. colonization scheme  beiore the war, but South Africa,  -anada and Australia opposed it in  turn. A Jewish nation in Palestine  is another mailer.  The menace which Turkish possession of Palestine offers Egypt and  the trade route to India must be removed, British statesmen agree, liven ��������� before the war many considered  the recreation-of the Jewish state  the best solution. Opinion changed,  however, during the war, largely because of the sympathy many Jews of  German origin in America admitted  for Germany. It was feared that a  nation sympathetic toward Germany  would be a dangerous one to have  so close lo this strategic link in the  l-iilish  Empire.  The Russian revolution has changed  this.    Jewish  sympathy,  alienated  1 by the treatment of the Jcwsrin Russia  under   the   old   regime,   has   been  wo-i back by  the" new regime. Jacob  Sc'iiff's   declaration   for    the    Allies,  following  the  announcement by    the  [ rovisional    government      of    equal  lights   for  the  Jews  iu  Russia,    was  uotlhe only one to  come to the attention of the British government. A  lewisii  stale in  Palestine now would  be  a  fiiendly,   even  grateful  state,  it  is  believed. ~"  Zangwill's idea of an American  protectorate is based on the desire  that Jewish interests should be protected bv a-'grcat power that had no  interest titer c lo serve. Whether  such a protectorate would appeal to  Prilish statesmen is doubtful. It is  more likely that in case a Jewish nation is set up, Gieat Britain herself  will gairison the country until law  and oider and the stability of the  new* go\ eminent   is  assured.  Mr. Balfour  in Canada have not yet come to this  pass. We are fighting for our country,  pr for our honor, or for democracy,  Maud���������-Miss Olduii thinks thaf hotel   clerk just   lovely  Ethel--Why so? "  Maud���������He wrote opposite her  name on the hotel register, Suite 16.  Cholly-���������I made a perfect fool of  myself today.  Miss Keen���������There! J always said  yen could .make something of yourself if you kept on Irving,  \  Almost  as  Good  Tlie  sergeant-major   was  inspecting  the men on  pay parade, and  was seeing thai  their "locks" were well  Irim-  I rued.   Everything   was  going all   right  until  one  Tommy   who  badly   needed  a  hair cut   marched up and  lifted   the  "large"     sum 'of  one  shilling    :l.s-   hi.s  weekly   allowance.   This   was   due   to  his having been iu debt.  "Well," said  the     sergeant-major,     "seeing        that  you've lifted such a small  pay I   can't  very   well   ask  you   to   get   your   hair  cut, but    for    goodness .sake    buy    a  pennyworth   ol* hairpins!"-  Bread  i>ririt-  Pure  ! Ionic  True to Life  Sandy had been photographed, and  he was looking intently at his likeness when Tain'Macpherson came  along.  "What's   that   ye   hiv?"   lie.'asked.  "My photy," replied .--Sandy. "What  dae ye think  o'  it?"  "Man, it's line," commented Tain.  "It's richt like ye: An' what m'icht the  like o'  they  cost ?''  "I dinna ken," replied Sandy. "I  hivna payed  for them yet."  "Man," said .Tain, liibre grimly than  ever, "it's avvfu' like ye!"  laigcst anel best commercial houses  from coast to coast. -No order is too  large or too small to be looked after  carefully.  AVe have connections with the  [largest paper mill in Canada, ensuring an ample supply o,f the best grade  paper used in counter "-'check books.  You are therefore assured of an extra grade of praper, prompt service  and  shipments.  Waxed -"-'apers and Sanitary  Wrappers  We also manufacture VV'asec  anel  Meat  VY'rappers, plain am  |cd;   Confectionery     Wrappers,  I Food   Waxed  Paper  Rolls  for'  I Use, Fruit   Wrappers, etc.  "Write for samples of our G. &. 1*.  Waxed Papers used as a McU  Wrapper. It is both grease and  moisture proof, and the lowest priced article on the market for this  purpose.  Genuine'    Vegetable     Parchment   for  Butter   Wrappers  Wc  arc   largo   importers    of     thisi  particular brand of paper. Our prices!  on  Sxll   si:;c   in   100M   quantities'-and  upwards,  are  very   low,     considering I  the present  high  price of this  paper.  \Ve  can   supply   any  quantify  printed  "Choice Dairy' Butter" from stock.  Our machinery and equipment for  Waxing and Printing is the most  modern and complete in Canada mid  ensures you first-class goods and  prompt service.  APPLEFORD  COUNTER  CI1L-XF  BOOK COMPANY, LTD.  Hamilton,  Canada..  Offices:   Toronto,   Montreal,     VYinni-  . peg,   Vancouver.  American Paper's Graceful Appreciation  of Eminent British  Statesman  Mr. Bilfour has concluded his mis������  sion   to   this   country.     His   farewell  s-pecch   to  the    American people,  delivered  at    ths:   National   Press   club,  was   worthy   of   that   great   Audience  and   of   its   author's   reputation.     He  spoke with that deep, restrained feeling,   that   fine   thought   charged   with  generous     emotion,,    that    clearness,  graced sobriety and good  taste    that  j arc  characteristic  of  him.. He  spoke  J with a noble sympathy and apprccia-  / tion  of  the  work  done  by   the  government, by the president, the American   war work so far.    He  was just  to. the country.    He  was just to "the  press._     lie   described     simply    and  powerfully the "impressions the most  pleasurable,   the     most    momentous"  of his mouth  among us.  The American impressions of hi in  are the same. He was received with  an enthusiasm thai must have . surprised him, a modest, shy man, unused  to popular applause.  J11 personal dignity, in urbanity, iu  the authority of a long, brilliant career, in his manly, thoughtful speech,  to the purpose anel without glitter  of rhetoric, by his evident response  lo the popular emotion, the feeling  of. this great democracy, iu his demeanor and his work, he more than  rei.lizcd expectation. Here was a  great British statesman, equal to his  place anel fame.  He will be long remembered in  America. Pic has elone a hi/h ���������er-  vice lo Great Britain and all democracies.���������The  New York Times.  W.       N.  U.     -1163  Manitoba's Large Elk Herd  The province of Manitoba posses*  ses the largest herd of elk deer, In  their native state, to be found in the  Dominion of Canada, and postibly  lire North American continent, ������ay������  Charles Barber, Chief Game Gtsard-  ian of the province.  .'���������'������������������������������������'I  .'^1  -"���������fte:  n ' ���������* ii-v.*. &* ���������.*-*"���������_"���������';x,*-.. v.* ^---IfCr-J^-T^  \ '** JS^-*^':,--:^  , -        -T ,. .r        t -������������������- "*"_   _   '      "-_ **.     *��������� _-,J" *-!.__-_,     ,   '    C-*   "  j,. ���������������*-������������������-*���������*-,-' ^T,        ,.--     /���������-*������������������". *_i.-_ ������������������������ ���������*���������"> '   *'-"  "^L t      "  TliE      GAZETTE,      MEDLEY,  B.  C.  ���������VsTii  A Horrible Traffic  Dead German  Soldiers are Rendered  Down Into Oil  The fact that their dead soldieis  ei c being "lendcred down" to provide oil and oilier products is no  lougei   concealed  by  the  Germans.  "Wc p���������<-s through Eveignicourl.  There is a dull smell in the aii, as il"  lime were being burnt. We aie passing the great Coipse Exploitation establishment (Karlavcrvcrwcrtuiigsan-  stah) 01 tliis army gioup. The fat  th.it is won here is turned into 1-ibri-  catmg oils, and everything else' is  giound down in the bones mills i.ito  a powelci, which is used for mixing  wilh pif-V mod and <-������..jnaiuire.  The above callous "description of a  German corpse exploitation esiablish-  r lent situated behind the enemy lines  north of Ivheims, was published recently in the London Times. It was  furnished by Herr Kail Rosncr, special coi respondent of the B_ihn Lo-  kalan/cigei   on  t-re  western front.  This statement corroborates a  sinking account of this new and horrible ticrnian industry which appeared in the Indcpendance Beige for  Apiil 10, as extracted from La Bclgi-  que,  of  Leydcn,  in   Holland.  This version, omitting some of the  most repulsive details, is as follows:  "Wc have known for long that the  Germans stripped their dead behind  the firing line, fastened them into  bundles of three or four bodies with  iion wire, and then despatched these  giisly bundles to the rear. Until recently the trains laden with the dead  were sent to Seiaing, near Liege, and  a point north 'of Brussels, wheie  were refuse consumers. Much surprise was causeel by the fact that of  late this traffic has proceeded in the  direction of Gerolstcin, and il was  noted that on each wagon was written T>. A. V.G.'  "German science is responsible for  the ghoulish idea of the formation of  the German Offall Utilization Company, Limited, or 'Deutsche Abfall-  Vcrwertungs Gesellschaft,; a dividend  earning company with a capital of  250,000 pounds, the chief factoiy of  which has been constructed 1,000  yaids from the railway connecting  St. Vith, near the Belgian frontier,  wilh Gerolstcin, in the lonely, little  frequented Eifcl distiict, southwest  of   Coblentz. This     factoiy   deals  s' ccially with the dead from the west  front. If tlie results are as good as  the company hopes, another will be  established to d'-al with corpses on  the cast front.  "The factory is invisible from the  l ail way. It is placed deep in forest  ce unlry, wilh a specially thick giowth  of trees about il. Live wires surround it. A special double tiack  leads to it. The works are about 700  feet long and 110 feet broad, and the  railway runs completely round them.  ln lhe northwest corner of the works  the discharge of the trains lake place.  "The trains arrive full of bare bodies, which are unloaded by the workers who live at the works. The men  wear oilskin overalls and masks with  mica eyepieces. They arc equipped  with long hooked poles, and push the  bundles of bodies to an endless chain,  vvtiich picks them with big hooks, attached at intervals of 2 feet. The  bodies arc transported on this enelles.  chain into a long, narrow compartment, where they pass through a bath  which disinfects them.  "They then go through a drying  ' chamber, and finally are automatically carried into a digester or great  cauldron, in which they are dropped  by an apparatus which detaches them  fiom the chain. In the digester they  remain from six to eight hours, and  arc treated by steam, which breaks  them up while they aie slowly .stirred  by machinery.  "From this treatment result several  products. The fats aie broken up into stcarine, a form of* tallow, and  oils, which require to be redistilled  before they can be used. The oro-  cess of distillation is carried out by  boiling the oil with carbonate of soda, and some part of the by-products  rc-ulting from this is used by German soapmakcrs. The oil distill *ry  and refinery lie in the southeastern  corner of the works. The refined oil  is sent out in small casks like those  used for petroleum-, and is *f a yellowish brown color.  "The fumes are exhausted from  the buildings by electric fans, and  are sucked through a great pipe to  the northeastern cornti. where they  are condensed and the refuse resulting is discharged into a sewer. There  is no high chimney, as the boiler furnaces are supplied with air by electric fans.  "There is a laboratory, and in  charge of the works is a chief chemist with two assistants tnd _ men.  All the employees are soldiers and  are attached to the 8th At my Corps.  There is a sanatorium by the works,  and under no pretext \a any man permitted to leave them. , Th'y are  guarded as prisoner- .at. their appalling work."  It will be remembered, comments  the Times, that one of the American  Consuls, on leaving Germany in February, stated in Switzerland that the  Germans were distilling glycerine for  nitrogen-glycerine from the bodies of  their dead, and thus were obtaining  6ome part of their  explosives.  Why Grain   Markets   Soar  The  Great Factors That  Cause    the  Rapid Advance in Price  of Foodstuffs  There is not much lo say these  days along the lines of a coiupaia-  tive lcview of Lhe markets, but while  the high prices of grain arc uppermost in eveiyonc's mind it is well  lo consider some statements made  in a speech delivered in the Ottawa  house on May 10 by Hon. Crothcrs,  minister of labor. He said in the  couisc  of  his  address:  "1 am going to lake this opportunity of lepeating what I have saiel  before, because, perhaps, it will stand  repeating. We have today, in all  piobability, 40,000,000 men nuclei  <Tiiib who have been withdrawn from  productive work and who are now-  engaged in destructive work. It has  been said that as soldiers they consume SO per cent, more than they  would as civilians. That means if  these figures are anywhere near  right, and they are only approxi-/  mate, that 60,000,000 are eating and*  producing nothing, 40,000,000 of them  lighting and destroying everything  iv sight, human life as well as property. There are 60,000,000 consuming and 40,000,000 producing nothing  anel destroying wherever they go.  Before this war broke out we did  not have any foodstuffs to spare. Nobody thought of dumping shiploads  of them into the ocean because^ we  had more than humanity required.  Well, then, you remove 40,000,000  men not all of them agricultuiists,  but a gicat many of them agriculturists, anel employ them at destructive lather than productive work,  and the result is inevitable. In addition to that wc hael last jear a  shorter ciop the world over than we  had had for a great many ycais, a  thousand million bushels of wheat  less last year than the year before.  Millions of tons of food have been  se-nl to the bottom of the ocean.  What do we reasonably expect to result from that���������a falling off of 40,-  000,000 workmen consuming 50 per  ccnt. more than if they were civilians, and a short crop the world over?  "Here you have, I submit, the great  factors causing the rapid advance iu  the cost of foodstuffs. I admit there  may be���������anel there is���������some ground  for holding that lo a slight extent  cold sloiage and combines, or something of that kind, may affect the  prices, but to a very slight extent."  Some of Mi. Crothcrs' figuics may  require modification, but on the  whole they are substantially correct  and form the veiy best reason why  foodstuffs  are  dear.  After British Charge  Officers  Canada a  Mighty Empire  Has Seaboard of 13,000 Miles, Nearly  Half the Circumference of  the Earth  "Do you realize how real a country  Canada is? If you could pivot Canada upon its eastern seaboard, it would  cover the northern part of the Atlantic ocean, the British Islands, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Holland  Belgium, the northern part of France,  the entiie Gciman empire and a  considerable part of European Russia, and a man who lives in Halifax  is a thousand miles farther away  from Victoria than he is from London.  Canada is larger in area than the  United States, including Alaska, by  111,992 square miles (Canada 3,729,-  665; United States and Alaska, 3,-  617,6773). Canada's area in acres, .2,-  386,985,395.  Canada is as large as 30 United  Kingdoms and 18 Germans, twice  the size of British -India; almost" as  large as Europe; 18 times the size of  France; 33 of Italy. -  Canada's proportion of population  is nearly two per square mile; United States 25; England and Wales 558;  British Empire  (outside India) 4.   ���������  Canada is bounded by three  oceans; its 13,000 miles of coast line  nearly equal half the circumference  of the earth.  Canada is 3,500 miles by 1,400 in  area. The United States-Canada  boundry line is 3,000 miles long;  1,600 miles by land, 1,400 through  water.  ln 1S68, the area of the four provinces entering Confederation was  662,148 square miles; now the Dominion parliament exercises _ jurisdiction over 3,729,665 square miles.  Areas Canadian provinces in  square miles: British Columbia 357,-  600. Alberta 253,500; Saskatchewan  250,650; Manitoba 251,832; Ontario  467,252; Quebec 706,834; New Brunswick 27,985; Nova Scotia 21,428;  Prince Edward Island 2,184.  Prior to the passing of the Bound-  pries act of 1912, areas of Manitoba,  Ontario, and Quebec were: Manitoba 73,732, added 178,100; Ontario  area, 260,853 added 146,000. Quebec  area  351,873,   added  354,961.  Fodder is Scarce  The Ravaged  Countryside in France  Horrors of German Vandalism   Will  Never Be Forgotten  Povvei-3 of description fail when  they are called upon to picture the  destruction of beautiful and historic  edifices, the orchards, farms and land  laid waste in vandalism that destroys for nothing except the pleasure  of destroying; anel the amenities of  civilization prohibit one from even  hinling at many of the indignities,  humiliations and atrocities inflicted  by the German conquerors upon both  male and female, young an 1 old,  among the inhabitants.  _ Time will some day restore the devastated land to its fruitfulness, new  buildings will replace some of these  which have been destroyed and," so  far as visualization is concerned, -the  destructive reign of the German will  be forgotten, but never, so long as  the human tongue can pass down  from generation to generation, the  awful tales of wrong suffered, will  the people of this ravaged country  either forget or forgive the race  lace which defied all the laws of God  and man: (,  Aged men and women will tell the  horrors to their grandchildren now  too young to understand, and they in  turn will carry the heart-racking  stories down to their grandchildren,  keeping the feeling of hate alive  through the generations.���������By T. P.  O'Connor.  Railways at the Front  For  Must    Poke    Around  Buried Dugouts  Air English correspondent with the  British armies writes: I saw an officer  wandering among the shell heaps that  constitute Beauniont-Hamel. He was  picking the earth wilh his cane, and  occasionally lifted a clod or a shell  case or a piece of planking, anl looked solemnly underneath. You might  have thought he was looking for bait.  I asked him if he had lost something. "No," he replied, "but I a-n  looking for something. What I want  are dugouts." He wrent on prodding  the ground. "What you look for,"  he explained, "is a hole, or any sign  of  timber  sticking  out  of the  mud."  "What's that by your foot?" he  suddenly asked. He poked his slick  at a cleft between two clumps of clay,  Agricultural Conditions in    Germany  Are Reported  Serious  The bitter complaints concerning  agricultural affairs, ultered during _  debate in the Reichstag, lend interest  to the sombre descriptions of conditions in the. German countryside  emanating from the frontier correspondent of the Amsterdam Handels-  blael. The correspondent declares  that the supply of labor is shrinking  continuously, that fertilizer is lacking an*d fodder articles are extremely  scarce   and   exorbitantly   dear.  Seed and planting material, he  says, are insufficient, and owing to  the lack of male laborers agricultural operations arc much too late  and inadequately performed, while no  proper draft animals are obtainable,  even at outrageously high prices.  The milk yield, the correspondent  aelds, has fallen more than one-half  and the quality is much depreciated.  It is a mournful sight, he said, to  see so many fields lying fa'low.  Owing lo -the severe winter barley  and oats have suffered much, and art  five weeks behind former years. The  new crop, the correspondent concludes, consequently' will be less than  in  previous  years,   the very imfavor-  no bigger than a walnut. As he work-' able spring having also caused delay,  ed his stick in it~a clump became detached and fell into the b .wcls of the  earth, leaving a jagged hole a foot in  diameter.  "What ho! I think we've struck  one," he said, as he poked elown another clod. Then he tapped one. side  of the hole underground, and there  came the unmistakable sound of solid  timber. "Got one!" he saiel excitedly  When the hele was cleared of clay  and old shells and uncxplodcd bombs  and other litter, there lay revealed  a fine dugout, its walls were lined  with the stoutcsc 'imber. It had  cubicles and a main passage many  yards long���������sleeping room and shelter for quite a number of men.  Mistress���������Mary, ��������� why didn't you  finish winding the clock? You only  gave it a couple of turns.  Mary���������You must remember that  I'm leaving you tomorrow, mum, and  I'll not be after doin' any of th' new  {.iri's work-  On European Battlefields  The Proper Place to Defend the  United State-  Some question may be raised by  Americans who have not yet come to  realize the full gravity of the war as  to whether the government should  send abroad any men. who do not  volunteer for foreign service. The  answer to that may be seen iu the  devastated fields and ruined cities of  France, Belgium, Poland, Serbia and  Roumania. Wherever the German  armies have gone they have left behind  them a  trail  of horror such  as  the world l.as not seen since the  power of the Turks and the Tartars  declined. Remembering what ruin  German invasion brings, the first  thought of every American in his  sober senses must be thai: German  invasion must be prevented from ever reaching this country..The place  to defend the United States from invasion is not within- the United States  but in Europe. We cannot, therefore,  admit a right of any citizen soldier to  be kept at home unless he volunteers  to go abroad. To do so vvoulel be to  abandon tb.e entire principle of the  equal obligation of all citizens to defend  the country.���������Buffalo  Express.  For Vegetable Growers  Experimental     Farm     Note     Gives  Right Hints to Enterprising  'Amateur Farmers  Jtxperiments to determine the best  varieties of vegetables to grow have  been conducted on the experimental  farms for many years. Seed has  been secured each year from the best  seedsmen in Europe and America.  As a result tlie lists of vegetables  recommended in the' Experimental  Farm reports arc a good guide to  the gardener in purchasing'his seeds.  During the past two seasons additional experiments have been added,  such as trying out different distances  to thin certain vegetables, best dates  to sow, etc.  Experiments on the Scott Station  with garden peas have proved that  home-grown seed is. fully equal to  imported seed, and that home-grown  seed can be saved each year. Planting four different varieties of -peas,  each having a different, season for  maturing has lengthened the season  for green peas for household use by  three weeks in 1916 over planting one  variety" at week intervals for four  weeks. Trellising peas has been  found to lessen the labor required in  picking by about one-half. This is an  important item Where help is scarce.  Chicken wire fastened to stakes  driven in the ground was used as a  trellis.  Mr. Oldtin���������Life is full of strange  turns.  Jack Young���������I know it. I turned  up" at a girl's house tonight, got turned elown and turned out, and now I'm  going home to turn in..  "I wonder who first called_ women  the 'gentler sex'?"  "Someone who never saw them at  a bargain sale, I'll warrant."  Light  Railways  Built  by   Canadian.  Rendering Valuable Service  A Canadian Associated Press correspondent writes:  I had the privilege of travelling over one of several light railways put  down in northern France by the  Canadian railway construction corps.  When we civilians are able to take  our eyes off the boys in the front line  and those behind the guns we shall  have breathing space" to adequately  recognize how those working at the  "back of this front" have helped towards  the success of  our arms.  The railway workers of Canada in  their battalion under General Stewart  and Lieut-Col. Angus Macdonnell  are putting the motor lorry out of  business in many an area. One train  can take a hundred motor lorry loads  The railways art put down on different parts of the front, General "Slew-  art's men, of course, working just  where their enterprise is most needed.  I star-ted from a certain much-  battered town. Frankly it'was not  Pullman travelling, for the tiain  bumped and jolted just like on a line  from one Canadian place to .another.  \ou know where I mean. The farther this line went the nearer we approached the enemy. We did not go  right to the terminus; it is not healthy  to do so.  At daylight we went as far as one  of the advanced dressing stations,  where a Colonel of Medicals and his  staff awaited the grim array of  patients which would surely come  along by train after nightfall.  On the way there we passed our  terrific big guns belching projectiles  six or seven" miles into territory  which for thirty long months was  held by the Germans, and where  they will do no one knows what damage to the invader. The mere chance  of war prevents our line-being likewise wrecked by the enemy gunners.  Sooner or later, no doubt, he will  at least tear up ,. a section with a  shell, may as likely blow a train into  smithereens. If so, the line will be  put right in a few hours, and any  casualties among the Railway Construction Corps will immediately be  make good.  Material and supplies by day,  maimed: men by night, make the  freight of" Canadian railways _ in  France. Imagine doing - five miles  in the dark in tm open truck with a  shrapnel wound and with the possibility of being blown into space, on  the way! Nevertheless, I am told  our wounded prefer travelling thus  rather than by -ambulance. The  journey is covered more quickly, and  in  other ways  it is  less  harrowing.  Extensions and- additions to these  tracks are being carried out unceasingly. Men with rifles and behind  big guns force the Bosche back a  thousand yards or so. Straightway  cothes along a Canadian raihvay man,  smooths out a narrow ribbon of  ground lately pulverized by shell,  brings along a track in sections, and  in a few hours his trains are going  back and forth. Nothing spectacular  about this work, but it is helping win  the war, and carries the same risks  as endured by infantry and artillery.  French Praise for the Canadians  The Vimy Ridge was an exceedingly formidable position. The-enemy  had constructed tunnels and underground shelters there which were of  invaluable assistance ' to -him. The  Canadians, commanded by General  Home, had to display heroism and  bravery worthy of the highest admiration to overcome such an organization. At Vimy, as elsewhere, at  Farbus and Tlrelus, all ihe German  batteries   were   deep   elown    in;     the  Boy Scout Notes  Boy Scouts  Will Aid in Production  For' the Allied Nations-  This Year -  Boy  Scouts   will   aid   materially  in  the greater  production    schemes    of  the  Allied  nations   this   year.     Fully  realizing'the grave importance of .increased production  of. necessary food  stuffs and knowing  well  the" extreme."  scarcity of farm labor, thousands    of  Boy Scouts in Great Britain, France,  Canada, Australia,   the^ United  States  and other countries have volunteered  their services in this direction.  Many will lend their services tn. the  farmers during the busiest seasons  while thousands of others have taken  over many acres of land upon -,-hicli  they will grow potatoes and other  vegetables which arc essential to.the  up-keep of the vast armies at present  engaged in a fight for liberty on the  battle fields of Europe.- The minister of agriculture has donated to the  French -Boy Scouts a section of  ground in the heart of Paris that they  are now cultivating to increase the  food supply.  Heeding  President "Wilson's  g'rav_  proclamation:      "Without     abundant  food,-alike  for   the   armies   and    the  peoples now at war, the whole great  enterprise  upon   which  we" have "embarked   will   break   down     and   fail,"  anel  adopting    the     slogan: '.."Every  Scout  to  feed  a   Soldier,", the , Boy .'  Scouts"  movement    in     the    United  States has risen to  the occasion "and  has  mobolizcd    its_   quarter    million-'  members  to  help  meet  a  paramount  ne'ed in the war.    Scouts can't    bea'tT-  their  swords   into     plow-shares    but-  t''cy can  turn their1 staffs into  hoes.  Already the Bo'y Scouts of the United Stales have rendered a great service  in  aiding in  the  distribution   of  agricullural  and  horticultural    literature.  Now  that  the long winter  is  over  and spring has once more made    it-  appearance,   -Boy     Scouts   "naturally   .  turn their thoughts to the lure of the  camp.   -The  memory  of  happy days -  spent ou'fur  the  open,  far from  the _  maddening     crowd,   " quickens -  their "  thoughts-and they find themselves;al-- .  ready planning for this summer's out':.  ing. r "  The Scout camp offers great op--'  portunities for the cultivation of self-  help, resourcefulness, and help to  others. Here it is possible to put  into practice much" that has been  learned in the cl ib room. Boys are  taught to depend on themselves and  to elo with as little equipment ai  possible. There are no luxuries;  there arc as many comforts as the  Scout with his axe and wits can provide from the immediate surroundings; and what these may mean are.  only known to those who have organized such  camps.  Fidelity of the Heathen  Not All the Virtue Is On One Sid-  1 It Would Appear  We are prone to think that only in  the Anglo-Saxon ideal of marriage is  there to be found an affectionate fidelity that" no vicissitudes can weaken,  no weal or woe alienate, no mortal  power subline. Those who take solemn vows to hold in "sickness and in  health," "till death us do part," and  presently seek the divorce court to  undo the tie _ might consider this  simple story of the love of two old  "heathen" which is communicated in  private advices from Cairo, describing the conditions of the people in  the Sinai Peninsula, lately released  from Turkish rule: "One day out in  the desert some of our troops saw ,a  queer bundle on the sand, it turned  out to be an old Bedawi, nearly dead,  anel all skin and bone. They did all  they could to make him happy, but  his one thought was his wife. So the  officers asked for volunteers an.l the  party started out into tlie desert to  hunt for his wife. Not far from where  they.had'found, him they found an  old, old woman, all skin, anel bone.  They brought her in and prcpircd  her a bed, etc., but she woulel do  nothing but sit by the old man's side  all the time. They were brought into one of the towns, where they both  died on the same day." Not all the  virtue is on the side of those who  dispatch missionaries to the conversion of the "benighted" of the earth.  ���������Philadelphia Ledger.  I  ->   *  s  ���������':/  <    -q  l  *N  A Problem for Germans  Whether Germans are aware of it  or not, they are themselves the saddest sort of victims of the German  national policy. To liberate- Ger- ;  mans from German misrule would,  be possible only if Germans themselves would co-operate. We cannot attempt it otherwise. The American German who seeks to protect  the German nation. in this crisis is  the worst possible enemy of the German people���������and perhaps their only  enemy. Russians have shown how  to meet Russian misrule; if Germans  will similarly rise against German  misrule they, will'find the whole world  sjmpatbetic. But if they will not  thus solve the problem for themselves  it cannot be done by other nations.���������  The Living Church.  ground  and  protected     by    concretel sary?"  "Was that operation strictly neccs  shelters���������defying the most intense  bombardment. During ���������thc attack of  September, 1915,;.we fired on Farbus  a hundred 370 m.m. shells without  succeeding in silencing a single enemy  battery.���������-Lc   Matin.   Paris.  "Of  course   it   was.  e.eeded the money."  The   doctor  If there is nothing in a man you  can get nothing but failure out of  him. m*  1^������&&&^%F rtp^^r-'s-T:* '-������������������'W*- ^v-'^^-X'rv- I*;-***- *-:���������-...,.'- -- .,,-  I; i* -*i,s- *_ rv, , -,  - -     ,,  -..it.    -si.-  '  -*;  ���������  IK-'* -    - ��������� ' *' - .    '  _n '  .-"���������v-.-.v,*,"* -.Mlr'v^'-" r-'.,'5'///':'>* 'J^-',7���������.���������"/, >\ r^ - -;",*."���������'s '" ',- " ' \ /   --*-1-'.���������-��������� */   ���������> -'-<- ���������' ,- '^--_;^  ��������� , ' i~  T_  --'V  ,>*-*  , ���������  THE  GAZETTE,  HEDLEY,  B.  C.'  >  ^  I  j'  kf\  I \  ���������������������������������  \&:  f.:;  Winning the V. C.  Deeds of "Exquisite Heroism" Alone  Win Britain's Supreme Honor  In This  War, ' .  Victoria Crosses  arc    dealt out as  grudingly as though they were composed of radium. This is because the  -honor is the greatest that can bo won  -    by a British subject, and, also because  in the present war"all previous standards of gallantry-have been surpassed  or "rather what one man did in    the  1 Crimea and three in_ South Africa a  hundred are doing in the present  war. To give a V.C. to every heroic  soldier in the British army would be  ��������� to make the cross as common as corporals' sjxipes. So it,is bestowed as  cautiously as tiiough .the candidate  for it were applying for canonization.- Not only must the deed that  wins  the cross be of exquisite  hero  , ism"; it must be as duly witnessed and  '   attested as a signature to a will.    A  veritable court of enquiry sits on each  case,   and 'unless  it     presents    some  features far out of the ordinary even  r among  heroic   deeds,    the    supreme  ' honor is withheld and a Military  Cross or medal given instead.  -The New Yoik Sun sa-ys that the  question as to the bravest deed J:bat  won the, Victoiia Cross will never be  decided." There are a hundred deeds  _ which no human devotion or coinage  or saciifice could ever surpass, tor  valor in attacking a foe Michael  O'Leaiy stands out with I .-Corpl.  Albert Jacka, of the Australians, as  iinsur passable in all militaiy history. At Com tney's Post on the Gal-  lipoli, Jacka, single-handed, shot or  bayoneted seven Turks who tried to  rush the trench he was defending,  and he was the only man left alive or  unwounded in it. Yet his bravery  cannot rank above that of - Private  Potts, of .the Beikshne Infantiy, at  Suvla'Bay. Shot in the left thigh, he  diaggecf a woise wounded coinra le  for   three   nights   on   an   entrenching  . .shovel, moving only a few-feet with  * every effort, until he reached a British   outpost.   Lieut.   A.V.   Smith-of  an East Lancashire Regiment,    threw  _ himself upon a bomb that had drop-  ���������"* peel  out  of his hand,  and  though  he  "was blown to pieces, he saved the  lives of his coiuwides.  Major  Yates  of  the  Second  Yorkshire   Light -Infantry,    was   mortally  " wounded and taken prisoner at Le  Cateau, "while leading nineteen sur-  \ivors of his battalion of 220'men* in  a chaigc- and Major George -Wheeler, of the Seventh Lancers, at Shaiba  Mesopotamia, a born leader of foi-  lorn hopes, thus met his death: "Fie  was seen" far ahead of his men, riding single-handed, straight for the  enemy's standard." .The-writer in-the  Sun has been impressed by the photographs" of some of these V.C. men,  which have appeared in the London  weekly papers. He says, "There is a  " quiet, steadfast look about most of  the faces; seldom, if ever, a pose of  conscious gallantry. The V.C. man  usually seems to be the soul of good  nature. The bulldog type is hardly  present at all. The deathless Yates  had a small chin, a keen, laughing  <*ye, hair parted in the middle and  might have been taken for a frivolous  society man. Potts has flaring, cars,  a twisted' mouth, ja. flippant 'eye, and  looks absolutely unheroic." So we  would have them painted, like Cromwell, "wart and all,":for our grandchildren ' to   look at  and - reverence. .  What Pan-Germanism  Meant to United States  Had Plans Mapped Out for Invasion  of United  States  Through Shot and Shell  Undaunted Wounded  Soldier Would  .Return to the Fight  Sergt. C.J. Wood, D.C.M., writing home after being wounded, says:  "Blighty once more! I had almost  given up hopes of seeing foggy old  England again. You will sec 1 have  tc have a secretary owing to being  blind, but don't worry or you will be  il' and then look out. I know you  are all anxious to hear how the Germans dotted me so here goes. Wc  were in the front line after being in  billet 24 hours.'and we - were feeling  like fun. It is w'ohderful what a bath  and a sleep will do for a fellow. Well  presently we got orders "up and at  'em men," and wc did. Fritz poured  as much lead; into.-us-.as. would--bury  a house, but still vvc went, and presently something happened, I was  rushing and yelling, when a fire shell  stiuck me full in. the face and burst  into flames. My God it was awful. I  dropped. When I. woke I was in  a trench where some one must have  dragged me. I could feel all around  me, and feel the dead, men and could  feel the caps and knew I was in our  own trenches. I started to crawl and  for over an hour, or years it seemed  to be, I struggled over, dead bodies  with ah occasional rat running around  me. Eventually I reached the end.  I stood up to stretch myself when  suddenly I heard voices! I threw  myself flat on my face and listened.  Oh! .what a relief to hear our own  men. I called." They, came and  helped me. to tiie rear where they  found the end of my nose and eyelids  gone, besides my sight, but the doctors say I will recover tlie right eye,  sind th'en"*,b'aclf. to'get a bit of my  own back,'and Fritz can look out."  ; "Do you find that your constituents agree with you?"  ��������� "No," replied Senator ��������� Sorghum.  '"But that doesn't cause me any apprehension. If they refuse to be  guided there's plenty of time for me  to come around and agree with  'then.."..'-. ���������'.  In "a pamphlet," entitled "Oversea  Operations; a Study," published in  Berlin in 1901, Baron Franz Wilhelm  Leopold Heinrich Friedrich von' Ed-  elsheim of the Second Uhlan regiment of the guard, unfolded a scheme  for the invasion of the United States  ot America. The tone of the pamphlet exhibits "Pan-Gerinanism" in its  most aggressive form.  That the scheme was not merely  the ipse dixit or Utopian dream of a  mere individual officer suffering from  proverbial Prussian swelled-hcaded-  ncss is proved by the fact that the  pamphlet was published to promote  military study in the army and navy  club of Berlin, says the London  Times.  In the preface the author states  that his pamphlet is an endeavor to  demonstrate the value of oversea op  erations in modern warfare, the prin  cipal requirement for their execution  being insured by the magnitude of  the resources which Germany has at  her disposal for such undertakings,  and to promote interest in the study  of matters of the highest importance  to the fatherland in connection with  war waged at a distance.  In the introduction it is stated that  the four years ending in 1901 demonstrated to Germany the intimate conr  nection which exists between naval  and military operations. The wars  between Japan and China, the Span-  ish-American-war, the Boer war and,  finally the China expedition, afforded instances of transport work on a  large scale acioss the seas.  According to the writer no state in  the world is able to mobilize more  quickly-or has'greater facilities for  oveisea transport and hostile landing oversea than Germany, which in  her mercantile marine���������the second  largest���������possesses a fleet of transports capable, of" rapid movement.  This is an important factor rn Germany's Weltpolitik (world policy)  which has been promoted by her successful achievements in central Europe during the last ten years.  Im the'course of his pamphlet, Baron von Edelsheim says:  Of late "years we Germans have had  cause for political-irritation with the  United States, due largely to commercial reasons. Up lOj.now differences have been for the most' part  settled through our giving way. But  a policy of surrender must have its  limits. .. *  The question for us to'consider is  what plans, must -eventually be developed" to put a stop to the ��������� over-  reachings by-the United States which  arc detrimental to our interests. It  is by armed action that_ we must ultimately enforce our will upon that  country. * .  To achieve that purpose our. prime  instrument in this case is our navy.  The German fleet would have every  prospect of-victoriously encountering  the naval forces of the United States,  as those forces are divided into two  sections separated by two oceans (Atlantic and Pacific), which are a  great distance apart. But the defeat  of her fleet would not compel the  United States to sue for immediate  peace because of the vastness of her  territory and the immensity of her  resources". Inded, even further successes at sea would not force America to yield, partly because -the commercial ports are so" well fortified  that we could not capture" them  without heavy losses, and partly because it would be; impossible for our  naval" forces to blockade them all  simultaneously.  We have to reckon on the possibility that the American fleet would  not at first risk a battle, but would  conceal itself in fortified ports and  wait -there for some favorable opportunity * to  snatch "a    partial    vic-  lt is evident, therefore, that naval  operations alone would not suffice  to bring about the result -which-we  desire. What is needed is combined  action'"by."'sea" and land. Owing; to  the vast area of the United States  if would be out of the question for  an army to invade the interior with  a view to the-conquest of the country But'there is good reason to  expect that military operations on  the Atlantic coast would prove to be  a victorious enterprise. Moreover,  the cutting off of the main arteries  through which exports from the entire country pass would create such  a depressed state of affairs that the  government would be willing to of  fer us fair conditions of peace..  If a German squadron were accompanied by a fleet of transports  it 'may be presumed that once a  landing had begun it would, on-y  take four weeks, for a German army  to begin their campaign on American soil. Within such a short period of time there is no doubt that  the United States . would be unable  to place in the field forces as large  as our invading army.  German Planes of  Variegated Hues  '���������""*-  Air Fighting Takes 'on New Interest  by Reason of Grotesquely  Patterned Machines  The fighting in the air has taken  on an entirely new interest recently,  because of the new German policy of  painting their machines in most grotesque patterns. Ihcy seem to have  gotten this idea from the old American Indian custom of painting faces  to frighten opponents, or else the  spring fancies of the German airmen  have been allowed lo run riot with  vivid color effects.  Each day the British" pilots bring  home from over the lines new reports of fantastic creations encountered amid the clouds. The gayest  feathered songsters that come north  with spring cannot 'hope to rival the  [variegated hues of the harlequin  birds that rise daily from the German airdromes.  The coming of this unique order of  things in the air was first heralded  by a squadron" of scarlet German  planes met ten or twelve days ago.  It was1 then noticed that some of the  enemy machines were striped about  the body, like yellowjackets. Nowadays nothing appears too gaudy to  meet the tastes of the enemy airmen, who seem to have been given  carte blanche with the paint brush.  There are green planes > with yellow noses; silver planes with gold  noses; khaki colored planes with  greenish gray wings; planes with red  body and wings of green on top of  blue; planes with light blue body and  red wings. Virtually all the gaudiest machines go in for red body effects, with every possible combination of colors on their wings���������some  have one green wing and one white;  some have green wings tipped with  various  colors.  One of the most striking met in the  last few days has a scarlet body,  brown tail, reddish brown wings,  with white maltese crosses against a  bright green background.  One machine looked like a pear  liying through the air. It had a  pear shaped tail and was painted a  ruddy brown, "just like * a big ripe  fruit.  One of the piebald squadrons encountered was made up of white,  red and green machines.. There  were still others palpably painted for  what has come to be known as  "cameofleg" purposes, like- guns,  wagons and tents are often painted,  to blend with the landscape, and  thus avoid detection.  This lavish use of paint, however,  has not reduced the heavy daily loss  inflicted on the Germans by the British fliers. But It must not be imagined that the Germans are not putting up a stalwart fight. Just as their  resistance has been strengthened on  land, so it has been in the air. Just  as the Germans have thrown in new  divisions of infantry and new batteries of artillery to check the allies' offensive, so they have sent aloft hundreds of new machines' to contest for  the mastery of the air, an important  phase of modern warfare. More  than once the theory has been put  forward recently that this strangest  of all wars may directly or indirectly  be d-cided under the sea or high in  the air. ���������  Rations for Beasts  Kaiser and Nicholas  United Against France  Secret Pact was Discovered by Count  Witte During 1905  A long account of a secret pact between the Kaiser and Emperor Ni:h-  olas and aimed against France is given in titc last issue of the Moscow  Russkoye Slovo to rct'ch Paiis. According to the story the existence of  the treaty was discovered by Count  Witte in 1905 while the peace negotiations between Russia and Japan  were proceeding at  Portsmouth.  Count Witte, furious at the deception of the Czar, informed the Kaiser that unless the pact was cm colled  he would refuse to counteisigu he  treaty of Portsmouth. As German  bankers were interested in a loan to  Russia this would hit them hard, and,  the story goes, rather than have complications in his economic policy the  Kaiser yielded. Neither Emperor,  however,  ever forgave Count Witte.  At the beginning of the war Count  Witte communicated the facts to B  Glinsky, editor of The Message-  Historique. He bound the editor to  keep the information until he (Count  Witte) was dead and circumstances  warranted the revelation of "Nicholas' inconceivable levity or treason���������  whichever j-ou like."  A Harrowing Tale  Eng-  "Does your family have any trouble with servants?"  "No," replied Mr. Crosslots. "I  don't belieye any of them stay around  the place long enough to become really troublesome."  Crawford���������He's a'very close reasoned  Crabshaw���������Why, that fellow can  read the symptoms of a disease without thinking he has it.  No-More "Prime" Beef and No Grain  For Pleasure Horses  All farm stock in Great Britain is  to be rationed. A grave warning by  Mr. Prothena to the farmers and  stockraisers points out that while the  concentrated feeding stuffs available'  this year will be only a sixth of the  pre-war supply, there is more livestock than ever. If the farmers do  not voluntarily reduce the feeding  stuffs to the animals rationing will  be made compulsory.  The number of cattle must be substantially reduced before Christmas, but the milking head must  not be held. '."������������������-���������  Fat stock shows must not be held.  ' Auctioneersjnust   not  -sell animals  brought    to ' "prime"    condition    by  cake-feeding. -  No grain must be given to pleasure  horses.  Cattle should be sent to market  leaner than usual.  Sheep must be killed earlier.  ���������Next season's lambing must be deferred until more grass feed is available.  Corn  must  not be given  to pigs.  No more poultry should be kept,  than can be maintained on scraps  and waste food.  The restrictions on the slaughter of  calves are to be withdrawn.  Sir Joseph Ward the minister of finance in New Zealand, in a recent  speech to Australians in London, said  that Australia and New Zealand were  determined that the islands in the Pacific which they had captured in this  war should never be restored to Germany. Sir Joseph said the fate of the  German colonies and sea power were  matters of'vital importance to Australians. They had strong feelings  concerning the restoration of the  German colonies, and did not want  German bases at Australia's . back  door.  Editor���������-The price you ask for your  story is exorbitant.  Author���������Exorbitant! Why, man,  I've been paying postage on. that  manuscript for years.  "No  Powder for a Pig  of an  lishman"  The torpedoing of a Cunard steamer, and the terrible sufferings of  the sole survivor, Douglas V. Duff,  fourth officer, is issued by the British and Foreign Sailors Society, of  which the King and Queen, and  Queen Alexandra arc patrons, and is  one of the most harrowing of the  kind. It reveals the madness of inhumanity as developed in the submarine officer. After the steamer had  sunk, Duff goes on:  "On regaining the surface, the first  thing that caught my eye was a capsized boat with its stern blown off.  I swam to it and managed to clrmb  queerly enough to the boat's bottom,  and thereon got myself seated, and  managed to get hold of the liberated  mast on which was a sail halyard,  and "was able to lash myself to the  upturned boat. What a feeling -of  desolation crept over me as I felt anel  saw that my ship was gone.  The terrible reality wa��������� that my  shipmates, were shouting���������shouting  all around���������shouting in vain���������shouting for the last time, and [ was struck  with the very little time that elapsed  until no human voice could be heard,  lire painful silence only indicated  that so many precious lives had been  sacrificed.  A few of them, however, seeing  me, swam away lo the upturned boat,  five of whom managed to clamber by  my side, whilst two others, one with  a shattered arm and the other with a  blown-off leg, were dragged up to  lie on the snip's bottom.- Three of  the men seeing a steamer near at  hand fell back into the sea, iu the  hope that they would be able to swim  out to her. The hope was in vain.  Unfortunately these brave men perished.  Our damaged boat in a choppy sea  had now rolled so heavily -I*-at the  two injured men were washed off,  and it made me feel sick to know-  that I was powerless to save them.  By this time we were nearly frozen  to death with cold. I dropped into  a state of semi-consciousness, and  1 must have been in this state for  about three hours, when I was roused  by a harsh voice which addressed mc  in good English "What ship was that  we sunk?" "Where was she from?"  "Where was she going?" "What was  her cargo?" I was asked if I was an  Englishman, and I replied "Yes."  "Then we are going to shoot you,"  was the retort. My reply was "Then  you may shoot me, for 1 am too cold  to mind whether you do so or not."  His reply is worthy of a Hun���������"I  would not waste powder on a pig of  an Englishman. Drown then, you.  swine, drown!" and his ship disappeared from view.  Duff, after spending 18 hours  longer on his raft was rescued by a  French lugger.  The Man With the Plough  French Farmers Working Close to  Enemy Lines  "There was one figure in this landscape of war who made some officers  about me laugh," says Mr. Philip  Gibbs. "Fie was a French ploughman  who upholds the tradition of, war.  Zola saw him in 1870, and I have  seen him on the edge of other battlefields, and here he was again, driving  a pair of sturdy, horses and his  plough across the sloping field not a  furlong away froirr a village where  German shells were raising rosy  clouds of brick dust. So he gave  praise to the Lord on Easter morn  and prepared the harvest which shall  be gathered after the war."  Mr. W. Beach Thomas, another  war correspondent, writes: "I watched a single French farmer, who even  at this hour was leading out his grey  horse to plough a fallow well in front  of our heavy'guns and in sight of the  enemy. The headland of his furro.v  was a barbed-wire barrier."  Co-Operative  Marketing  the  She���������Mr.   Toppingtou     is   a   most  immaculate man.      *  He���������Yes,   there  isn't  anything  hi.s mind even.  on  High  Cost of   Living   Laid   to  Door of the  Speculator  The high cost of living is not directly1 caused by the war. For ten  years at least the term has been in  general use. During the election campaign of 191"; the problem was freely  discussed and one of our noted, professors of economics had much to  say in the newspapers on the subject at that time.  Market conditions arc mainly responsible for the H. C. of L. as we  sometimes familiarly call it for a pet  name to show how intimate we are  with it. j  There is one way to lower the pri-**  ces of foodstuffs without lowering  the farm income and that is by cooperation maiketing.  A few instances which have come  under observation in the United  States where they have similar economic ,problcms to our own, will  serve for lllustiation., A writer in  the  Prairie  Farmer  says:  "I have seen bread lines of hun-  giy men in Chicago blocks long,  while on the farms in Michigan, just  across ninety miles of navigable water, fruits and vegetables sufficient to  feed all of these hungry, thousands  to repletion, weie totting in the fields  because the growers could not, individually at least, find a market  which would pay enough to coyer  the cost of gathering, to say nothing  about the cost of transportation" and  distubution. Now it seems to me  theie is something wrong, almost  criminally wrong, in a system which  permits that sort of thing to be.  "Not so veiy long ago I was in  one of the charming little cities of  northern Indiana. In the late summer I have seen literally scores of  farmers' wagons backed to the curb  on the main street, piled high with  delicious water melons and cantaloupes., I have struggled home in  mid-afternoon tugging a market basket filled to the handle with these  field fruits which had cost me maybe  a quarter of a dollar or less. Later  in the evening 1 have seen tiied farmers, after a weary clay's fruitless  waiting, driving homeward .again  with their wagons still comfortably  filled with produce, for which lhe  glutted local market offered no demand at any price.  "At the same time, less than a  hundred anel fifty miles away, - were ,  the hundreds of thousands of men,  women and children in Chicago  whose mouth's, were watering for a  taste of melon;' while the price on  those offered'for sale in the marts  was so nearly prohibitive that hardly,  anybody off the' Lake Shore Drive  could afford to buy even one.  "After I tried to figure out who  or what was responsible for this by'  a process of elimination I succeeded  to my own satisfaction.  "The farmer was not to blame directly for he received but a fraction  of what his produce was worth. The  transportation companies were not to  blame for I learned that their charges were very reasonable.- The retailer was not to blame for his profits  were  not excessive.  There was only one other source  from which could spring the conditions referred to.. This was the speculating principle governing market  conditions. The speculator bought  the farmers produce at small prrces  and placed'only enough of it upon  the retail market to supply the select-  trade. What became of the rest? I  don't know. Last winter I saw hundreds of bushels of frozen potatoes  dumped at a railway siding just outside of Montreal. Is there any connection between this incident and  present prices in that city?  Co-operative marketing would if  properly undertaken, increase the  farmers' income by at least fifty per  cent and also lower the prices in our  great centres of population by at  least as much.���������Montreal Famrly  Herald. ���������  Dairying  Importance of the-Industry Not Yet  Properly Appreciated in  Canada  During the past ten years Canada  has exported dairy products to some  30 different countries, but the quantities are very small outside tho  United States, the West Indies and  Newfoundland. The United Kingdom is still and will continue to be  Canada's chief market.  The total value of milk and^. its  products consumed annually in Canada is over $100,000,000.  Holland, the area of which is only  equal to one corner of the province  of Manitoba produces over 180,000,-  000 pounds of cheese and 140,000,000  pounds of butter annually. In parts  of Switzerland as many as 260 dairy  cattle are maintained per square  mile.  The average yield of milk per cow  is still very low in Canada and might '  easily be increased 40 or 50 per cent.  The farmers of Western Canada have  not yet learned how important it is  to keep the cows in gooel condition.  Reassured Him  He���������You don't really care for mc���������<  you arc merely flirting with me to  make Jack jealous.  She���������Nonsense! I'd have picked  out a better-looking man if I'd wanted to do that.  I'-    *���������  6- ~V->  ���������������l*-*T   *���������*=  S^^^^^'i^M^-W^'  v, -^l-.',-������������������������-.- -..3, ?. T-s-     ������!��������� _-."**.   ,> *'^���������rv*v-'s"  THE     GSZETTE.     HEDLEY." ~~B. ��������� ~&  "*N  ������������������TllilB-  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  W CENTS PER PLUG  (t  AID  ^  Y  L. G.  - BV ���������  MOBERLY  WARD. LOCK &CO., LIMITED  London, Melbourns, and Toronto  %  J  v _ < .11 .m .U il.;  "Vou are- going lo stay here, I suppose?" Leslie saiel coldly, not even  glancing al the patient, but looking  only at the doctor, who, having placid his charge on the sofa, now crossed   the   room   lo   her  side.  "I know nothing ol" sickness. I  s.bhor it. 1 could not be responsible  for any sick person; il is listless to  leave any responsibility in my hands.  I   would not undertake it."  "I will elo all lhat can be done  now," Thornton answered. "After  thai I am bound lo drive on lo the  patient who sent for inc. 1 was on  my way lo his house when the acci-  - dent happened, and as 1 had an urgent summons to go to him I dare  not sla-. here longer than is absolutely necessary. Rui 1 will come  back. 1 will come back a.s -,oon as I  possibly  can."  Leslie bent her head, and Guy  thought as he looked ai her thai he  hael seldom seen a more- beautiful  face, or one thai gave so strong an  impression of hai dues-.. The eyes  that met hi.s were like pieces ol" blue  ice, they were so cold, so elcvoiel ol*  any warmth ol" human feeling. The  mouth, in spite of ils exquisite curves, was set in chillingly hard lines;  the whole face seemed to him as if il  had been cut out ol" marble or ice,  rather ihan fashioned of flesh ami  blood.  "1 am glad you will come back.  . You please uiieh-rsl.tnel clearly 1 can  t,-kc no responsibility," she said, still  in the. same level, chilling tones as  before. "You can tell ine what has  to be done for the lath, but I warn  jnn I know nothing of illness, and 1  have no idea what lo do."  "In an cmenreney like this we can  only do our best," Thornton an.swcr-  eei gravely. "It is more than possible  the poor thing may not recover const iotisness at all. She is as bad as  she can be; her life is .simply hanging  by a thread. Her injuries are fatal.  It she s.hc>u!d recover coi^ciousness  give her liny sips ol" brandy and water. You have brandy here?" He  looked round the bare studio, and  back into the cold face of the woman  who had remained standing just within the doorway, neither coming near  lo the couch nor offering any help.  "Yes, 1 have brandy," she said.  "And T will do what you tcllmic to  eio if you give me exact instructions.  But 1 must remind 'you again, I  know nothing about  illness.'*  "Whether you know anything  about illness or not," Thornton ex-  clakirred, roused to a sudden gust of  anger. "1 must leave this poor soul  in your charge until 1 can get back.  The men who with mc carried her up  here have already gone back to the  wrecked train. There is no one who  can be left with you. The few helpers elown there in the cutting���������and  they arc very few already���������have their  hands full���������more than full. [ was at  my wits' enel to know what to do  with this lady until I fortunately remembered your house. Wc could  not by any possibility have driven  her over to While-burn. She would  certainly have died on the road. 1  saw the light as 1 passed a little  while- ago. You will surely do your  utmost  for her?"  An appealing note crept into his  angry tone:-.; there was a certain appeal, too, in his grey eyes as they  met hers; but she only shrugged her  shoulders and smiled  coldly.  wilh   her  small   trembling     servant ���������  anel the figure on the couch.  During the whole tinie^ Thornton  had been in the studio the mistress of  the house had not sent more than a  fleeting glance towards that still figure; but now, having curtly dismissed "Minnie to fetch some brandy,  she moved across the big studio lo  the side of her silent and uninvited  guest. And as her eyes rested on the  delicalcly-cut features, and the cloud  of fair hair thai fell over lhe cushions, a low exclamation broke from  her lips, the color, ebbed slowly from  her own face.  "You!" she saiel, under her breath.  "You���������and  here?"  A curious anel sudden gleam came  into her eyes; her lips closeel in a  hard, almost cruel line, her hands  went out with an. impetuous movement, though she were about to touch  the unconscious stranger. Bui she  drew them back again al once, "and  stood staring at the quiet face until,  as il" there were something compelling m her glance, the injureel woman's eyes opened, and looked full  into hers. -The while lips moved  with difficulty, buL no sound came  from them. Only the fear that leapt  into her eyes seemed to speak for  her, anel in answer to lhat fear a little smile hovered over Leslie's face,  "Why arc you afraid?" .she saiel.  "Why do you look at me. as if you  were afraitl of me? ll is funny you  should  have  been  brought  here!'"  The other woman's breath caught  in a little sob. She looked wistfully  into the cold fa.ee above her. she even  tried to lift her hand, but it dropped  helplessly back against her black  dress. 11 was the left hand she had  tried to lift, ami upon it there gleamed the heavy gold wedding ring  which had previously attracted  Thornton's notice. 11 also attracted  Leslie's notice, and a (lash of something, very like hatred shone in her  eyes  when   they  saw  it.  "'���������did not mean���������lo hurt you," the  woman on the couch gasped out;  "your eyes make mc; afraid; but I  did noi moan  to hurt you."  "Hurl  mc?"   Leslie laiigheel,  a  contemptuous:   laugh.    v  "We   use   words,  like  those if  we prick a  person  with i  a pin.     You anel  Raymond niin.d my I  life.    You killed my soul." !  "NTo���������oh, no!*' With a great effort |  the oilier woman lifted her hands as,  though to ward off a blow; -'not thai.]  not your soul."' I  "My soul," Leslie repealed firmly. |  "There is no more to be said. You [  killed  my  soul." !  ''Hut you forgive���������you ha\ .*��������� for ���������  given?*' The we-'v voice was very'-  li emulous, even in those few seconds!  it seemed  to  have-grown  weaker.  Expectant  She���������Did   he   marry  a  magazine cover?  Bella���������Yes,  anel  then   expected  to work like a cook book.  girl   like    a  her  WOMEN!   IT IS MAGIC!  LIFT OUT ANY CORN  *  _pply   a   few    drops  -then    lift  corns or calluses off with  fingers���������no pain.  _L  Just think! You can, lift  off any corn or callus  without pain 'or soreness.  A Cincinnati man discovered this ether com-  poimel and named it free-  zone. Any elruggist will  sell a tiny bottle of free-  zone, like here shown, for  very little cost. You apply a few drops directly  upon a lender corn or  callus. Instantly the soreness disappear.-*, then  shortly you will find the  corn or callus so loose  that vou can lift il right  off/  Fret-zone is wonderful.  It elries instantly. It  doesn't eat away the corn  or callus, but shrivels it  up without even irritating  the surrounding skin. ���������  Hard, soft or corns between the toes, as well as  painful calluses, lift right  off. T.her'e is no pain before or afterwards. If your druggist hasn't  frcezoue, tell him to order a small  bottle for you from his wholesale  drug house.  Paul: Grace doesn't obev anv-  Miss  body.  Miss    Pry:   No,  she  mind her own  business.  Government Helps Dairying  Dairying  Industry   of   Saskatchewan  Put  on  a  Firmer  Basis .  Until t*������ie provincial government  took hold, the dairying industry of  Saskatchewan declined. In lr)06, the  butter output of the pr ivince li.id._Fal-  Icu to 127,000 pounds, whereas in  1897 it had been 3-16,'IPO pounds. Willi  the iinuguration of a government  dairy branch, and the institution of  the co-operative creamery, an entirely different slalc of affairs was  brought about. The dairy branch"  now operates seventeen co-operatively owned creameries, located at central points on the different railways.'  Express charges on the .cream are  paid al the creamery, so thit the farmer al a distance suffers nothing from  lhe fact that the creamery is hot at  his own door. The dairy branch,  markets the product, and distributes  the total net profits co-operatively  twice a month, Incoming cream is  classified and paid for accordingly,  and outgoing butler, is graded also  according to quality. InsUuclion in  dairying has been given to fanners  by the operation of travelling dairy  instruction cars, as well as throughout the year at the creameries and by  li'ivelling instructors. The progress  of the dairying industry-will be seen  when il is stated lhat in 1916 there  were 17 creameries, with 7,205 farmers scuiling cream, anel the production was 2,538,061 pounds of butter,  or more than If. times as much as in  1906. :  Extra Profit from  Selected Cows  Repay.  doTsn'l   cvtn  Farm Labor Secured  Thai 6,500 farm laborers were  brought into Western Canada from  the United Slates during the period  from March 1 lo May 3 is the slntc-  meiit of T.M. i\lolloy, Commissioner of the Bureau 'of-Labor; 1,100 of  these went to the province of Mani-  loba, 3,000 to Saskatchewan and 2,300  to Alberta.  Cows of Good Dairy- -Type  Cost of Extra.Feed'.    *.  One_ remarkably satisfactory result of keeping simple daily records  yields of milk and cost of feed, is the',  knowledge, gained that cows of g'ooef  dairy type do repay the .cost of ex-;  tra feed.- , -  One example may be given.     Not  far from .St.   Hyacinlhe,  Quebec,^one  hundred     cows      produced-     104,854'  pounds-of  milk    more    during    1916  than.'one  hundred did in  1915.     The  a 915  records   showed'that  ten    were  not  paying so they were beefed, and  again in 1916 eleven were-sent to the-  block, being replaced by better mill--'  crs.-      Belter    feeding    contributed  largely   to   the  above  noted    big. increase in  mild yield;   moreicorn was  fed,  more  clover and  a  little  higher'  meal ration.  The  value  of  tlie  extra  feed    was  $t>05; this produced more milk lo the  value, of $1,677.66,  so  that  the extra  clear  return 'was $1'072.<56,  and-   the-  cows were*" in much better condition; .  ""Dairy  records  help  lo  select  good  cews and  lo    ensure    larger    profit. *  Write the Dairy Commissioner. Ottawa,   for   free ,milk  and   feed     record  forms.  &  -x-  teacher say  5  where X  Father-���������What .did  the  ���������when she-heard you swear  ���������Tommy���������She asked    mc  learned it. - -  Father���������-What did you tell her?  Tommy���������E didn't want to give yoa  away, pa, so I blamed it on the par������  iol/  Ernest���������''Now, Mary,' it is otil**-  fair for nie.to tell you that I'm--", x  somnambulist."  Mary���������"That's all - right, dear.  We'll lake it in turns. .I'll go 1o  your chapel with 3-011, one Sunday,  and vou can come to my church the  ncxt"���������The Sketch. .  ,-***_  gnimniFii'miimiiumimiuiinmii^^  "I       sl|;dl  terrible  re]  the   couch  shiver   ran  [  never forgive," came the!  >ly, and as the woman on 1  heard the words a longi  through   her,     her     hands1  and for every line of business,  and used from Coast to Coast.  We Specialize on CARBON COATED or BLACK  and what we make are the best to be had in Canada.  1  "Oh, well, I will do  she answered, without  interest or pity in her  shall be: glad  when you  hat   T  can  i"'  w  a shadow of  tones, "but I  come back to  relieve me e>f rcspemsibility. This is  not the kind of thing 1 care to have  to elo.'* Theirnloil's own shoulders  wcnl up impatiently, but he made no  reply to the strange, words, indeed,  there seemed nothing to say. Next  lie went back to the couch and stood,  for a moment looking silently at 'he  woman who lay there; then lie turned and. went quickly out inlo tlie  night again, still without speaking  another   word  leaving   Leslie     alone  After the'  i Rflevies  "���������>i-KimiI'llllllll(l Hill llllllllll III-:  Two Eyes for a Llfatlm* =  Murine is for Tired rcy_s. Kr*d =  Kj%*s���������Soro IBj-oSi���������Ura-ulated =  Kycllds.     ReM.i���������Befreshesi��������� _  _ Restores.   Murine Ib a Favorite Troatxnenl. =  - ror Hres Hint feel Cry and smart. Give your _  E ayes'us mni-li ot your lo-liitf care as your _  - Teeth and will! the same re������nl.irlty. =  = CASlEFOHTKEfi.. VOU CAKXOT BUY NEW EYES! 5  _ Hold .-it, Driii* a-11'1 Optical Stores or by Mall. =  = Ask Murine Ey������ Beme.y Co., Ch'es.o, tor Fris Book =  -iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii inn iiiiiiiiuiii inn nun 1111111111111 iimr  fluttered out lowarel., the speaker, bill]  Leslie did nol even seem to .sec|  tlic 111. She turned away, and, taking!  the brandy from her trembling ser-|  vant, who had just re-entered thci  studio, she poured some into a glass,!  I'ddeel a little water, anel went back'5;  lo her patient's sidc/ai'tcr percmplor- i S  ily ordering Minnie to leave tlie 5  100111 and lo wait in the kitchen "un- j 5  til  she  was wanted. =  '"Drink this," she said, in quiet, t- v - j _s  en accents, accents which strangely, tz  belied the tumuli raging within her. j Ejj  "Drink this," she repeated, and the'  sick woman's eyes, which had closed, _  once  again     opened. They     werejjjs  brown eye**, very soft, very appeal-: ���������������*���������  ing; eyes whose gentle \\ istfuluess 1 Sjj  might well have softened the hardest S  heart, but the blue eyes that looked S  into them showed no sign of soften-! E  ing. Leslie's face was set in lines1 S  of rigid coldness. s  "���������am sorry," the other's weak 5  1 voice faltered out when she hael, wilh S  difficulty, swallowed the brandy; ''it ������  always hurt Raymond and mc >e>'jjE  think we had hurt \ou." She spoke1 -.  very slowly, very painfully, wilh greal ; 5_  gasps for breath, each word appear-: E  ed to cost her a greater effort thaniS  the word that had gone before, "(lutls  it was toe* strong for us both. Love I S  is so great, so strong, il masters cv- j.S  erylhing. It mastered Raymond and; 5  trie���������but we���������-were sorry���������sorry." j c  "Your sorrow came too late," Les- \ ������  lie broke in, eiuilc regardless of tin.���������; ������  injured woman's difficult breathing,:~  qi faltering accents, "it is no use Ibis  be. sorry when all the -mischief is ; ������  done. It is not worth while you** j ������  going back over the past. Your sor-j ������  row has- conic ^too late. You should: j=  have thought ol all. the evil you were.. K  doing before you killed another wo-Lb  man's soul ."-��������� She spoke with ex- j ������.  I cceding bitterness, her thoughts '.full j ������  of herself and ofLthc tragedy of hei-|*~  own life in which the Woman on thejg  couch had played so great, so fatal a' g  pari. Hut the lasl half of her sen-]  tence fell upon deaf ears. The wist-(  ful, brown eyes had closed before,  :be linislicd her bitter speech,.' air.l(  a gasping sigh'the injureel wo-,  iank into profound Unconscious-,  Of Every Description  Our books are the Standard of Quality  BACK BOOKS*  Duplicate and Triplicate Separate Carbon  Leaf Books, in all sizes  .Duplicate   and   Triplicate   Carbon  Back  Books, in all sizes  O. IL Special Triplicate Books, patented  Write us for Samples and Prices before placing your next orddtfor  Gee our agent, the proprietor of this paper.  iers  Sanitary Wrappers  FOR ALL PURPOSES  Waxed Bread and Meat Wrappers, plain and printed. Confectionery  Wrappers. Pure Food Waxed Paper Rolls for Home Use. Fruit  Wrappers, Etc ������  k Write for Samples of our G. & B. WAXED PAPERS, used as a meat  wrappet* It is both grease and moisture proof and most reasonabla  in price.  w.  N.  U.  1163  with  man  11 ess.  Genuine' Vegetable Parchment  FOR BUTTER WRAPPERS  We are large importers of.this particular brand of paper. Our prices  on 8 x 11 size in 10OM quantities and upwards are very low, consiaerina  the present high price of this paper. We can supply any quantity printed  "Choice Dahy Butter" from stock. No order too large or too gmalVtd  be looked after carefully".  Our Machinery and Equipment for Waxing and Printing is the most ���������  modern and complete in Canada, and ensures you first-class goods arid  prompt service. " ���������  Appleford Counter Check Book Go*  LIMITED  Hamilton     :'-      -       Canada  . Offices: Toronto, Montreal, Winnipeg*, Vanconrei  >>  (To Be Continued.)  lUUiillllHIIIHIIIIHHIIilllflUiUIWIUIHIU:tiaiUIWlWllllllill������.l������������IU������WIJIII������)l  4  / Splendid  dngs  Si   <-������������������������. *i  One "is plenty of open-'  ^ir "exercise. -  *' _  If you can't get all of  -that you should, it's all  the more important that  yoii   should    have   the  lother tried-and-true rem-  J edy for a torpid liver and  bowels  that   don't   act  freely and naturally. -  Take  one pill every night;  more only when you're sure it's  necessary.  CARTER'S-  ITTLE'  8VER  PILLS  ff&tit/he   bears   'Signature  Colorless faces often show the  ,absence of Iron in the blood.  Garter's IronPUSs  H-1. ���������*,.���������.*,-.  will help this condition.  J  8=  , Built by American  The debt of Downing sliecl���������the  Siib of the Empire, as it has been  *������prnieel���������-to Anrcrica js worth recall-  ling today. Downing, who limit and  sruimcd it, was' born in America and  educated at Harvard, where he built  His own rooms of timber and glass,  ������n coming to London he showed  >ris Transatlantic enterprise by buying the -lane leading to the royal  cockpit al Whitehall/.and erecting  thereon what are believed to have  ffecn the first brick.houses of imjjpr-  _ancc in the metropolis ���������London  2D.lily Chronicle.  slaughter of calves, and slates that  thousands ai e ' deslioycd annualy,  with consccjuenl loss in meal pioeluc-  lion and dairy supplies.  Could the public be brought to ic-  ali_c the astounding loss annually ,is  a result of this destruction of calves,  it -would startle the most indifferent,  Mr. Fraser states. The possibilities  of a. jhoitage of all food supplies  whiclws causing already almost famine prices, is alaiming.  The Department, of Agriculture  working in conjunction wilh Mr.  Fraser, is takingrsteps to protect calves fiom slaughter, and more especially among the dairies near the city,  where thousands of calves have been  sold to butchers or" destroyed as sooii'  as they were born. An arrangement  is being made between dairymen and  farmers whereby farmers can secure  calves-by paying a nominal charge  pi ice, and similar to that paid by-  butchers, thus-preserving a calf that  would be sold for $61 to one which  when two and a half veais old woulel  be worth form $100 to $175.  Should co-opeialion"of all pcisons  concerned be established, the piescnt  waste would be turned into a food  production increase, with enormous  financial benefit to "the countiy, according to -Mr. Fraser. Prompt action this year is necessary he stated.  He added that they should use lire  best type of sires in oider that the  offspring may be of the best quality.  ., ?t w������rkL'������} ^avy, father boots this summer.   Wear  Meet  toot    Shoes.     They are  honest  and~sturdy  enough to stand the farm" work.  Easy, and comfortable���������light���������sensible���������and so much  cheaper than leather.  When you go out, in the evening, wear "Fleet Foot"  White bhoes. There are plenty of different styles and  shapes,.for every occasion, day as well as evening���������  and they are far less expensive than leather boots. /  Next time you go to town, be sure to see  the "Fleet Foot" Shoes for summer wear.  206  BROWNIE  ATHLETE BAL  HJlHl_Jli__������WJW?VW1Bi  With the Veterans  A PERFECT MEDICINE  FOR LITTLE ONES  $100 Reward. $100  "/The readers of this paper will bo pleased  It������ learn that thcie i_ -at least one dreaded  (disease that science has been able to cure in  liil its stages, and that is catarrh. Catarrh  (Being (-re illy influenced by constitutional  [conditions requires constitutional tre_tincn_  Hall's Catarih Cure is taken internally and  ficts through the Blood on the Mucous Stir,  ���������faces of the System, theteby destioying; tho  (foundation of the disease, giving the patient  utrength by building up the constitution and  ussist-ng nature m doing its work. The proprietors have so much faith in the curative  jpowers of Hall's Catarrh Cure thai they offeri  jpne Hundred Dollars for any case that il  Kails to cure. Send for list of testimonials.  | Addiess: F. J. CHENEY" & CO., Tried*  lOhio.    Sold by all Diu__ists, 75c  Babj's Own Tablets is the ideal  medicine for little ones. They regulate the bowels and stomach; break  up colds; cure constipation anel ineli-  gestion; expel' worms and make  teething easy. They aie guaranteed  to be absolutely'free from injutious  drugs and may be given lo the  youngest child with perfect safety.  Concerning them Airs. T.iM. Fork-  nail, Mission City, B.C., writes: "I  have used Baby's Own Tablets foi  my three little ones and have found  /them the bc*t medicine a mother can  give her children." Tlie Tablelsare  sold by medicine dealeis or by mail  al 25 cents a box from The Di    Wil  liams'  Onl.  ^Medicine    Co  Bioe U\ ille,  'J he  you ni*,  Office Men Die Youngest  Bookkeepers and office assistants  '���������die youngest and farmers die eldest,  according to a report based on an  analysis of deaths recorded by a life  Insurance-company between 1911 anel  1913. The average age of death  among bookkeeper, and clerks was  thirty-six: years, anel among farmers  fifty-eight ycats. Tuberculosis caused thirty-five per cent, of the dealhs  of clerks, the highest record for that  disease, anel heat I eliscasc was responsible for the largest number of  farmers* elcaths, sixteen per cent.  How He Felt  Inao gills were talking  with  v  lieutenant who hael got a bullet  through  bis arm.  ''Anel    what    were  your    emotions  dining  the  fust   balLle"*"   asked    one  "What weie mv en olionsJ"  "Yes.    How did you feel?"  - "Oh,  slic'lillv    boicd,"  was  the  reply. :  Men of Mons Who Are Still at The  Front  Thai a good number of the heroes  of Moris, arc still in the firing, line,  and not "working at the base, railway stations, supply centres ammunition depots, repair shops, office,  canteens and similar places," has  been demonsrated fully. Writing  on behalf of 'lr* :..clf and four comrades in the artillery "Somewhere  in France" one soldier says:  Wc arrived in France August, 191-1,  and were in the retreat from Mons,  anel have been through the following battles: Le Cateau, Marne, Aisnc,  Ypres, Givcnchy, Cuinchy, Festubert,  Loos, Sommc, Ancre anel lasl, bill  not least, the big Vimy Ridge push.  Far from being at the base, etc., we  have been in trench mortar's for the  past twelve months, and have lalely  bt_n throwing footballs with steel  tails al the Bodies.  Paper Making Secrets  The Oxford Press Syndicate values  its formula for making the* very thin,  tough paper used in the Bibles and  encyclopedias at. more than $1,000,-  000. To perfect the process required  twenty-five years of hard work and  the expenditure of $1,000,000 in cash.  A secret of even greater value is  the formula for making the paper  employed for the Bank of England  notes. This is a family possession of  the Portals of Lavenstroke, to whom  already in two generations il has  brought  an   enormous  fortune.  SGT. DUNCAN MACNEIL  OF THE CANADIANS  says Dr.  Casseil's Tablets Cured his  Dyspepsia Completely  Millei's Worm Fowdeis, being in  demanel cvciywdiere, can be got at  any chemist's or drug shop, at verv  small cost. ���������They-arc a standard  rcmcely for worm troubles and can be  fully relict! upon to expel worms  -from the system anel abate- the suf-  feiings that worms cause. There are-  many mothcis lhat rejoice that thc3r  found available so effective a remedy  for the lclief of Ihcii   children.  Renew tlie  Don't let ill health any longer rob you of life's pleasures.  Get bad. your appetite,  strengthen your digestion,  stimulate your liver, regulate your bowels and improve your blood by taking  ������9_  "Does Jones, the photographer, do  cveiyonc justice?*'  "lie docs more than that, lie tem-  pcis justice wilh mercy."  The most obdurate coin1* and waits  fail to resist llollowav's Corn Cure.  Ti\   it.  Steel Vessel Ltttmched  A slccl steamer, "Wai Dog," first  ship of its .tjpe to be built in P.iit'sh  Columbia, has just been launched at  Vancouver, B.C. This ship, With a  length of 315*feet, beam 45 feet and  depth 27 feet, is the first steel cargo  vessel lo be built in this province.  The contract was placed by a Japanese company, but since the steamer has taken the water she lias b-cn  sold to a British firm. .Other similar  mssc-Is. will be bliill  immediately.  Seifrcant Duncan MacNeil, of the Canadian  ������>.pe_iti-nary Force, writing from .Europe  (hi*, home address is 116, Pleasant-street,  Halifax, K.S.) says: "For s>ix years I suffered  fio.n ficquent attacks of dyspepsia, often being in bed for days at a time. When the  wai bioke out I joined the Kxpeditionaiy  Foice and came to England. I had 'i.-t been  long there, - however, when my old tioub'e  icturned and J had to go to hospital. While  m 'hospital a friend told :iie of Dr. Cast-U's  lablet-s, and I decided to try them. The  hist box brought such pronounced relief that  I continued* the treatment. To make a long  stoiy  short,  a  complete  cure was "effected."  A free sample of Dr* Casseil's Tablets will be sent to you on receipt of  5 cents for mailing and packing. Address: Harold 77. Ritchie & Go., Ltd-,  10, M'Caul-st*. Toronto.  Di. Casseil's. Tablets are the surest home  remedy lor Dyspepsia, Kidney Trouble, Sleeplessness, Anaemia, Nervous Ailments, Nerve  l'-ralysis, Palpitation, and Weakness in Child-  len Specially valuable for nursing mothers  and during the critical'periods-of life. Sold by  diuggists and storekeepers throughout Canada Prices:-One tube, 50 cts; six tubes for the  puce of five. Beware of imitations said to contain "hypophosphites. The composition of Dr.  Casseil's Tablets is known only to-the propri-  "etois, and no imitation can ever be the.same.  Sole Proprietors: Dr.  Casseil's   Co.*  Ltd., Manchester, England  Cheapest of All Oils.���������Considering  the curative qualities of .Dr.'Thomas'  Electric Oil it is the cheapest" of all  preparations offered to ihe public. It  is to be found in every drug store  in Canada from coast to coast and  all country merchants keep it for  sale. So, being easily procurable and  extremely moderate in price, no one  should be without a bottle of it I  "Do you tell your .husband everything?" "'  "No; he won't listen to mc'more  than three or four hours at a  -tielch." '  Ask for Minard's and take no other.  Their action is prompt and  thorough, and you soon feel  their benefits. You will eat  more, work better, sleep sounder, and feel new strength after  a short course of these depend-  able pills. They restore  jhealthy conditions, and  (MrtKito-e of Special Value to Women are with E-tiry Box  SM iTerjwhere.   In bexei, 25 ceati.  g___- _ ' ���������----:  W.      N.      U.      1163  Enlarging: Stock Yards  Union Stock Yards at Winnipeg    to  Have Increased Capacity  Directors of the Union Stock yards  have decided to increase the capacity  of the yards thirty per cent, and the  efficiency of haiiciling facilities forty  per cent, at a cost approximating  $100,000.  The block of penr. immediately behind the present covered yards will  be roofed, giving 115 additional covered pens; two new alleys -vvitlr <I0  catch pens will be put in oft' the new-  scale yards to facilitate the sorting  and-weighing of stock. At the east  of the yards two more new alleys will  be installed at the large pens used  for shipment of range cattle. ���������  Work on the improvements is to  commence immediately with a view-  to finishing by August.  "What do you think is the most  difficult thing for a beg'iuneivto learn  about  golf?"  "To keep from talking aboul-it all  tlie lime."  Aerial Progress  Remarkable Development in Aircraft  in the Past Nine Years  Tlie great progress made in the development of aircraft in the last nine  years was the subject of a recent lecture in London. In 1908 the Wright  brothers flew at a rate of 35 miles an  hour, while at the end of last year  a speed of 142 miles an hour was attained by a Sopwith monoplane. The  farthest distance flown bv ihe  Wrights in 1908 was 7 1-2 miles; the  other day a Frenchman came near  flying from Verdun to Russia (9S4  miles). The Wrights in 1908 reached  an altitude of 500 feet; both a  Frenchman anel an Englishman had  recently ascended to oyer 25,000 feel.  The rate, of ascent in 1909 by a  Frenchman was 300 feet in I -j minutes  an aviator in England recently ascended 10,000 . feet in 15 minutes, the  first 5,000.in five minutes, which was  equal to the ascent of the fastest lift.  Once they found difficulty in carrying  a single passenger; now the largest  machines" lake a crew of sixteen and  a load of a ton anel a half.  IwoWastikan  Fer the Price of One!  Both sides of~ EDDY'S  Twin Beaver Washboards  can be used���������giving double  service for the price of one.  Made of INDURATED  FIBREWARE " (which Is  really pulp > hardened and  baked by a special process)  it cannot splinter or fall  apart. Won't hurt your fingers or tear you clothes.  Double value for your money���������almost life lasting.  Don't do another washing  until you get one.  ASK YOUR DEALER.  The E.B. Eddy Company  Limited  HULL     -     -     CANADA  i__fcwr-T__HHW1HJLWIW HHIHJL'MB-  _������  MEDICINE  QUEEN'S  UNIVERSITY  KINGSTON  ONTARIO  .  ARTS  EDUCATION  APPLIED SCIENCE  Mining,  Chemical. Civil, Mechanical a_*d  JJlectrical Engineering-.  HOME STUDY  Arte Course by correspondence.     *_egf������-  ���������with one year's attendance.  Navigation, School  December to April  Y. CHOWN, Registrar  Surrmsr School  July and August  15 GEO.  Difficult to  Land  Weli*.  The    most    difficult part  of flying  Minard's Liniment  cians.  Used   by' Physi-  sut-  is landing. In fact, according to high  j authorities in the British Flying  j Corps, nearly the whole art of flying  i lies in landing anel a man who can  [land well tinder any conditions will  j be able to do anything else in the-  [ air on .his own initiative, given a  j sound nerve. Nothing but experience  )\ makes it possible to land almost  ! anywhere in a bad country with the  j engines stopped dead, and to drop  j elown faultlcsslv on to a strange  -Vicar (at village Reel Cross con- landing place without anv indica-  ccr!-.)���������Miss Jones will sing again��������� tion as to the direction of the wind  ".[Cannot Tell You Why!" or the siopc Df the ground.  A Good Time Was Had  T.arry���������-Phwas  lb'  banquet  a  cei-s, Dinny?  yiitmy���������It   was.     Shurc.  sonic  wanj  broke  Cassidy's  mug  wid  th'    lovin'  cup.  is made in one grade only���������the highest. (So there is  no danger of getting "seconds" when you buy  Redpath in the original Cartons or Bags.  "Let Redpath Sweeten it" fc$  io, 2o,n5o and looTb! Bag., Canada Sugar Refining Co., Limited, Montreal*  ffiWwiJHlrfi-lj^^  ���������"������������������"���������n1,���������!1r!****** 'n������fwfwpwwww._w_-i.iwawi_.i_  m ���������"nT'.'Til" ���������"������������������;-*-"    _/l  **"i7"   ^"V*   -rtJ'-T-A"/        V-a** *" "l*  -I   "     ���������***��������� I"1"*,   ���������J****''!''   ^YJ     *  Ji,,1.. IP.IMiJII ���������MU.    IU I   III |J,ljii  . _.���������-_._. j-.^_^-^__j-*t*^.-i_���������.i,_.,-.-, r.-nn-- .^nzar^u^i^^^^-x^rYni^i^���������Ta^-~^^*Wv*^i&*tii^azjSttX=3^3Br  '"���������/'"     **"���������**',    "*���������     **���������'     -i   7    "  * *.    **- ,       ���������-    ,,.    ���������*"*-���������"���������> _ ,.,"% j*-****1-  , **  THE     GAZETTE,-   HEDLEY,      B.  ������ ������  "The Big Store"  in the same h.-iph-xzarri manner  that they select chickens Saturday night for the Sunday dinner���������go out -iflor dark and  slaughter the first ono they get  their hands on.  General  erchants  KEREMEOS, B. C.  Tlie Nickel Plane  Barfier_Sliop  SATISFACTORY, SANITARY  TONSORIAL SERVICE  Th_s shop it equipped with  Baths and all the latest  Electrical Appliances.  W.T.BUTLER, - Prop.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year 52.00  "   (United States)  2.50  Advertising Rates  Measurement, 11 lines to the inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, 51.-5 for one insertion, 25 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over ono inch,  12 cents per line for first insertion and 8  cents poi- line for each subscqucntinsertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  $1.25; over 1 inch and up to 1 inches, 81.00  per- inch pet-month. To constant advertisers  taking larger space than four inches, on  application, rates will be given of reduced  charges, based on sizo of space and length  of time.  Certificate of Improvements SiO.OO  (Where more than ono claim appears  in notice, ������2.50 for each additional  claim.)  Jas. W. Grier, Publisher'.  Hedley, B. C. Aug. 2,1917.  *' He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me."  THIS AND THAT.  Just a suggestion : That the  coalition, if one is formed, be  called "The Canadian Party,"  and that honest men be not  barred from its councils.  The death occurred last month  in Spokane of Crip tain Harry  Johns, the well known ruining  engineer. For a number of  years he was superintendent of  development at (lie Mother  Lode, the Sunset, and the Raw  hide in tho Boundary district,  and the Napoleon in Washington state. In late years he had  been associated with Frederic  Koi't'er, M: E., in a group of  claims near Ashcrot't. He was  a native of "Cornwall, Eng., and  had followed mining all his  life; he never lost his temper,  knew how much a man,should  do in a day and expected him  to do it. He mined in till the  big camps of the Avcst. His  death Avill be la personal loss to  tho*e who knew him well. He  Avas buried at San Jose, Cal.,  Avhoro nature is most profuse,  a suitable resting place for one  Avhoso friendship and "charity  Avere always extended to those  requiring a helping hand,  Entrance Examli-atians*.  At the examinations for entrance to high schools Hedley  pupils did not make a \Tery  creditable showing either in the  number of candidates who  passed or the marks obtained.  Sc\*en candidates Avroto; tAvo  passed, obtaining 55 and 50 per  cent respectively of the possible  marks. Don't blame the teachers for the poor shoAving. Your  children can't roam round the  streets at night and study at  the same time. The possible  marks were 1100. Following  are the results for this district:  Hedley���������Number of candidates 7, passed 2; J. Claire  Loonier, 005; John Smith,  550.  Keremeos���������Number   of   can  didates 5, passed 3; Lillian A.  Gibson, 016; Willburn M. Mat-  tice,  012; James  C. Clarke, 575.  Keremeos South���������Number of  candidates 6, passed _; Mary A.  Taylor, 072; Harold E. Taylor,  597; Robert W. Sheridan. 587;  Gladys E. Ring, 550. ������p  ISirnilkamcen���������Number of candidates 2, passed 2; Lillian G.  Sharson, 5(32; Martha A. Manery 550.  Princeton���������Number of candi-  dades 2, passed 2;-'Kathleen M.  Kirkpatrick. 630; Ada M. Kirk-  Patrick, 029.  FairvieAV���������Number of candidates 1, passed 1; Gladys Rogers,  580._  Killarney���������Namber of candidates 2, passed 2; LaA'ina F.  Triplet,,  077; Helen  Reith, 544.  Conscription is being forced  on Canadti not by men, but by  events.���������Toronto .Globe.  rrsxmAnBxi^rts^f^^Mriit^tmnKiixmiimimmuuuujtM  PAINTING  Pf.PEf_-_-i.NG.N6  KflLSOMINING  TERMS MODERATE  DALY AVE.   -   -   HEDLEY, B.C.  R__ii-_*'if,iMa*-i_rt-i.|ii*,'ii'rf*******  of plenty"  Joe Martin  be present  a knife be-  Indications point to a real  love feast at the Grit convention  in Winnipeg. Some of the  Liberals would rather be Canadian than Quebec, others are  willing to hedge for campaign  purposes, and yet others re  member the "years  from 1890 to 1912.  has left England to  and possibly insert  tween the ribs of his very good  friend, Sir Sifton. Saskatchewan and Alberta Avill send large  Hun delegations, and it is said  the B. C. delegation Avill uncork  some neAv ideas on patronage,  and manipulation of A'otes.  Penticton Conseiwativeshave  endorsed    the   candidature   of  Reeve   MacKenzie for Similkameen   riding.     We    hope   the  Penticton   Conservatives   lnwe  taken all necessary precautions  in reference to campaign funds.  It is but a short time since some  fourteen   thousand   odd dollars  went out of circulation through  coming in  contact Avith a Mac.  Unless carefully guarded against  the predatory  instinct will at  times   get  the upper hand   of  even an  elder in   the kirk.    A  reeve of Penticton was the Liberal candidate at  the  last election and noAv a reeve of Penticton is the- Conservative candidate.   Is it part of the duties  of the reeve of Penticton to run  for the legislature, or  does he  just run until  he  runs  down,  like an alarm  clock?    Will the  people    of   Penticton   support  their reeve for higher honors?  They didn't at the last election.  Some people select councillors  St. Joseph's  BOARDING and DAY  L  Nelson, B. C.  Healthfully and centrally located for the East Kootcnay  and Boundary Districts.  Courses include: English  branches and High School.  Music and Theory. Commercial  Course ��������� Stenography, Bookkeeping, Typewriting, etc.  Special attention to SeAving  and Embroidery. For particulars apply to  Sister Superior,  St. Joseph's School,   '*  Nelson, B. C.  Synopsis of Coal Mining- Herniations  f"iOAL mining right-' of the Dominion, it  "*-' Manitoba, Snskutohewaii and Alberta,  the ATukon Territory, the North-west Territories mid in a portion of the t'l-oviiico of British Columbia, may be leased fora term of  twenty-one years at an nniuinl rental of ������1 an  aero. Nob more than ..oliO acres wi bo leased  to ono applicant.  Application for a lease must bo niado by the  applicant in person to tlio Agent, or Sub-Agent  of the district in which tho rights applied for  arc situated.  In surveyed territory the land must bodes-  cribed by sections, or legal sub-divisions of  sections, and in unsm-veyed territory the tract  applied for shall be staked out the applicant  himself.  Kach application must be accompanied by  fee of $5 which will bo ...funded if tho rights  applied for aro not available, but nob othor  wise; A royalty shall be paid on tho merchant  able output of the mine ab the rate of five corits  per ton.  bhe Agent   .  the full quantity of merchantable  3 account-in-*; for  mined  The person operating tho mine shall furnish  itli sworn returns  tri  and pay tho royalty thereon.   1 coal min  ing rights are nob bolng operated sir     reburns  should be furnished at leant onco.ii year.  The leaso will include bho coal mining righbs  only, but bhe lessee may bo permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may  bo considered necessary for- the working of tho  mine at the rate of .$10.00 tin aero  For full information applieabion should be  made to the Seerotary or the Denartmenb of  tho Interior, Ottawa, or o any Agonb or Sub-  Agent of Dominion Lands.  AV. AV. CORY.  Deputy Minister of tho Intorior.  N.B.-Unaritliorized publication of this advertisement will uob bo paid for. 17 6m  DR, T. F. ROBINSON  Demist.  Office with Dr. Lewis, Oroville, Wash.  A. F. & A. M.  REGULAR monthly mecbings of  Hedley Lodgo No. _:', A. F. & A. M.,  are held on the second Friday in  each month in Fiatcrnity hall, Hedley. A7iiibing  brethren aro cordially invited to attend.  Q. H. SPROULE,   ���������       S. E. HAMILTON  VV. M Secretary  l_. O. L.  The Regular    meetings of  Hedley Lodge 1711 are nold on  the  first and third Monday in  every month in the Orange Hall  Ladies meet 2nd and i Tucrdays  Visiting brobhern are cordially invited  AV. LONSDALE, AV.'M.  ���������H. F. JONES, Sco't.  "  Nickel Plate Camp  No. 15662  Modern Woodmen  of America "  Meets in "Fr.-iteinity Hull the Third  Thursday in e-ich month ab 8 p. in.  A.      are, V. O.-     J. Smith, Clerk.-  Groceries, "Hats and Caps, Boots and Shoes,"  Gents' Furnishings,  FOR CASH I am offering all lines at such low prices  that [quotations may give you heart failure.  JAMES STEWART        - -   _ -     .  HEDLEY, B. C.  J,:  anting  UDT think of the time the Ford saves a busy farmer in  '?'* hauling milk to the cheese'factory-���������vegetables,  butter, eggs and poultry to market���������fruit to the railway-  station. One fruit grower, last season, made four trips a  _ day to the railway station, a total of 144 miles, and carried  as high as 72 crates of 11 quarts each on a triy. He couldn't have  made more than one 36-mile trip a day with a team.  The Ford soon pays for itself in the time it saves the farmer.  With help so scarce, every farmer needs to make use of every  farmer needs to make use of every precious minute of his time.  To him the Ford car is a real necessity. Indeed, some farmers  tell us that it is doubtful if they could carry on their farm work  under present labor conditions if it wasn't for the time the Ford  saves them.  No farmer need be without a. Ford. In fact, the averoge farmer, could afford one if it were double the price. It is as easy to  drive as a horse, three times as fast, and costs less per mile to  run.   Why not order one today ?  touring  runabout  $585.00  $565.00  Wells & Burr, Prinoetoii.  HEM  _____..


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