BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist May 6, 1921

Item Metadata

Download

Media
xgrandforks-1.0342100.pdf
Metadata
JSON: xgrandforks-1.0342100.json
JSON-LD: xgrandforks-1.0342100-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xgrandforks-1.0342100-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xgrandforks-1.0342100-rdf.json
Turtle: xgrandforks-1.0342100-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xgrandforks-1.0342100-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xgrandforks-1.0342100-source.json
Full Text
xgrandforks-1.0342100-fulltext.txt
Citation
xgrandforks-1.0342100.ris

Full Text

 ,
GRAND FORKS
is  situated  in
the center of Grand Forks valley, tha
premier, fruit growing district of
Southern British Columbia. Mining
and lumbering are also important
industries in districts contiguous to
thn oity.  :,'.'.-
/
Kettle Valley Orchardist
THF, *\\]\\ is tl,e favorite newa-
M.U.U QUI* paper 0f the citizens
of the district. It is read by more
people in the city and valley than any
other paper because it is fearless, reliable, clean, bright and entertaining.
It is always independent but never
neutral.
TWENTIETH YEAR—No 27
GRAND FORKS   B. 0., FRIDAY,   MAY 6, 1921
"Tell nie wbst you Know la true:
I csn guess ss well ss you."
$1.00 PER YEAR
TRUSTEES ELECT
Iv
First Meeting Taken Up
With Listening to Corn-
tee's Review of Work
Done
The fint meeting of tbe newly-
elected trustees of tbe Qrand Forks
irrigation district was held in the
eity bail Monday evening, Trustees
Glwpell, Laws, Mann, Markell and
McCallum being present. Most of
the evening was consumed in listen,
ing to a review of the work already
done by the irrigation oommittee.
The appointment of W. Groves as
consulting engineer was confirmed.
He ia to receive a salary of 126 per
day when engaged in work on tbe
eystem. .     ...
J. A. MoGolfum wae appointed
chairman bt the trustees, and aa it
WM decided to engage an outside
secretary Mr. Pennoyer was elected
to that position pro tern.
The trustees decided to request
the govern ment for a small advance
of money for preliminary expenses
of tbe district.
STANDING  OF PUPILS
The following is  the standing of
the pupils of the Grand Forka   public
-fthoo^- ta order  of merit, a***ter.
uiiedbji tests held  ia   March   and
AjtmU
Senior Fourth Class—Elsie Liddicoat, Alberta McLeod, Kathleen Mul
ford, James Clark ajid Edward Grey
equal, Ruth Larama, Nellie Young,
Gwendolyn Richards Ida Catiniff,
Jack Ryan, Edna Lusooinbe, "Lizzie
Otterbine, Gwendolyn Grey, Gladys
Armson, Jennie Allan, Doris Steeves,
Nellie Allen, Vibeit Hillier, Lewis
Waldron,Emor-on Reid, Louise Hark-,
ness, James Otterbiue, Ruth Hesse,
Hasel Waldron, Clarence Mason,
Howard Boyce, Jack Weir, AI phone
Galipeau, Marion Scott, Lizzie Gordon*
Hilda Smith, Mary McDonald and
Kenneth Murray equal, Herbert Clark
Herbert Heaven, James Pell, Agnes
Cook, Helen Crause.
- Junior Fourth—Isabella** Innis,
Gordon McCallum, Edith Clay, Mar
garet' Ross, Hazel Nystrom, Edna
Reid, Blanche Ellis. Vera Bickerton,
WallaceHuffman,Flora Richards,Ger
trade Cook, Wiamfred Savage, Elton
Woodland, Janet Bonthron, Dorothy
McLauchlin, Lome Murray, Ernest
Hadden, William Foote, Thomas
Klter, Jeanetta Kidd, Arthur Hesse,
Leslie Earner, John Stafford, George
Manson, Earl Fitzpatrick, Stuart
Hoes, Louis O' Keefe, Francis Gordon
Olaf Hellmen, Wesley Clark, Vera
Lyden, Henry Reid, Erroa Lang,
Panline Mohler, Rupert Sullivan, Ken
netli Massie, Fred Galipeau, Harry
Oooper, Aba-la Svetlisheff, Jim Strut
ael, Ruth Helmer.
Senior Third A—Faye Walker,
James Innis, Gordon Clark, Marion
SKie, Paul Kingston, Elleh Mc-
eraon, Florence Pyrah, Lydia Co
larch, Dorothy Grey, Alice George,
John Graham, Dorothy Mudie, Gene
■Wove Harkness. Peter Padgett and
Harry Acres equal, Jack Crause,
Vivian MoLeod, Albert Cutarch,
Marjorie Cook, Allah Podovinnekoff,
Edgar Galipeau. „ ..-;
Senior Third B -Helen Mills.Chu*
ence Trnax, Edith   Matthews, Edith
Buret.?,   Bertha     Mulford,    Annie
Bowen, Arthur Bickerton,   Blanche
Mason, Joe   LyJen   and   Ltwrence
O'Connor equal, Joe Simmons, Fran
cis   Larama,   Edna   Hardy,   Grace
Glaspell, Marion  Kerby, Peter San
tano,   Theresa     Hellmen.   Dorothy
Heaven, Francis   Otterbine, Darwin
Ahern, Alice 8*ott, Mildred Premier-
gait, Aubrey Dinsmore. John/ Santano, Jessie Downey, Polly Svetlisheff
Margaret Luscombe, Jack  Strutzel,
Pauline   Baker, Eugene Fitzpntrick,
Donald McKinnon, Jessie Allan*, An
tone DeWilde, George Hadden.
Junior Third A—Edmund Crosby,
Parma Cooper,Thelma Hansen,Jessie
Rees, Martha Otterbine,Bruce Brown
Alei McDougail, Ruth Pyrah, Walton Vant, Pearl Riley, Arthur Lind,
Glen Murray, Herbert Ommanney,
Harvey Weber, Winnifred Smith,'
Wilhelmina DeWilde, Ruby Savage,
Walter Manson, Ruth Savage, Irene
Jeffery, Dewey Logan.Jobn Kingston
George Francis.Linden Benson,Willie
Henniger, Ethel May.., Helen Nys
trom, Olga Johnson, Mary Acres,
Edna Wiseman, Dorothy Kidd, Eric
Clark, Clarence Fowler, Helen McKinnon, Arthur Morrison, Byron
Weir, Daniel McDougall.Lloyd Hum
phreys,Agnes McKenzie,Jigi Morelli,
Riibert Helmer, William Eureby.
Junior Third B—Jean Donaldson,
Arta Montgomery, Oscar Hellmen,
Laird McCallum, Bruce McLaren,
Georgina Gray, Eileen Weber.James
Hardy, Amy Kuftinoff, Edward Cook,
Alice Dacre, Fred McKie, Francis
O'Keefe, Louise McPherson, Dorothy
Jones, Gordon Massie, Grace Brau,
Mike Morelli, Harry Nucich, Alice
DePorter, Peggy Mudie, Berneta
Ahern, Fiiner Scott, James Miller,
Elizabeth Mooyboer, Fredessa Lyden,
Lillian Dunn, Carol Carver, Lillian
Pell, Eugene McDougail, Walter
Ronald, Jean Clark, Roy Walker,
Jennie Rossi, Childo Pisacreta, Ian
Clark, Charlie Robertson,
Senior Second—Hulon Hansen,
Albert Kinnie, Frances Newman,
Betty MoCallum, Charlotte Acres.
Lily McDonald, Gladys Pearson,
Selma Laing, Norman Cooke.Delbert
Kirkpatrick, Leo Gowans, Fred Mason, Bob Foote, Ruth Webster, Patsy
Cook, Florence Brau, Violet Logan,
Nellie Berry, Elaine Burr, Arvid An'
derson, Jobn Kleman, Carl Hansen,
Owen Clay, Helmer Lind, Mary
Kingston, Augustus. Borelli, Helen
Morgan, Roy McDonald,Roy Cooper,
Edith Patterson, Bruco Smith, Bev
erly Benson, Euphy McCallum, Lee
Morelli, Nathan Clark, Anna McKin«
non.
"1TTrTT{TVf|-f^
Junior Second—Fred Smith, Jean
Love, Raymond Dinsmore, Margaret
Kleman. Marie Kidd, Marvin Bailey,'
Catherine Gowans, Evelyn Innes,
Boy Carver, Jean Gray, Norma Sutherland, Catherine Henniger, Ernest
Hutton, Louis Santano, Laura Glan-
ville, El vera Colarch, Lewis Brew,
Ernest Danlelaon,Lydia Mudie,Harry
Andersou, Harold Helmer, Violet*
McDougail, Evelina Rossi, Gladys
Smith, Colin Graham, Edna Wenzel,
Mildred Patterson, Donald Ross (unranked), Ralph Smythe.
First Reader—Stephen Kleman,
John-Knight, Helen Newman, Rosamond Buchan, Zelma Larama, Harold
Jackson, Elsie Egg, Wilhelmina
Weber, Bruce McDonald, Adeline
Hanna, Elsie Scott, Clarence Hardy,
Sereta Hutton, Madeline McDougail,
Rina Rossi, Rosie Borelli, Mary
Kuftinoff, Vilmer Holm. Ellen Hansen, Marjorie Otterbine, Jack Acres,
Vernon Riley, Charles Campbell,
Edward Pelter, Margaret Kingston,
Ernest Crosby, Abel Sharon, Charles
Harkness, Edmond Miller, Clarence
Henderson, Louise Dompier; unranked, Melvin Glaspell, Will Dons-
kin, Earl Bickerton, Joe Nuoich,
Helen Beran,
Second Primei —Billy Messie, Ber*
nice Donaldson, Winnifred Truax
and Margaret MoCallum equal,
Chester Bonthron,. Effie Donaldson
and Ruth Boyce equal, Fred Podovinnekoff, Elsie Ogloff, Peter Jmayoff
Peter Vatkin, George Kuzin, Jessie
Sweezey, Mildred Smith, Hazel Ma.
son, Daisy Malm, Mary Pisacreta,
Ronald McKinnon, Ernest Fitzpatrick
Carl Bran.       '
First Primer—Evelyn Cooper, Bessie Berry, Tommie Mudie, Clayton
Patterson, Harold Montgomery.Ethel
Banks, Roy Clarke, Gordon Wilkins,
Mowat Gowans, Esterina Rossi, Laura
Maurelli, Tony Santano, Jack Love,
Albeit DePorter, John Berry, Mary
McKinnon, George O'Keefe, Billie
Crause,Lizzie Podovinjnekoff.Clnrence
McDougail, George Steele, ' Kick
Pisacreta, Joe: Lyden,«George Savage.
Gordon Hansen, Florence McDougail
Dorothy Liddicoa), Hillis Wright,
Harold Bailey, James Allan, Charlie
Egg, Helen Pell, Marguerite McDougail, Mary Kleman, Minnie Mc-
Niven, Angelo Colarch, Agnes Shuri-
nack, Andy Pisacreta,Harry Murray,
John McDonald, Fred Wenzel, Mildred Anderson, Eleanor. Lindley,
Crawford McLennan,Laura Sweezey,
Peter DeWilde, James Robertson,
Maisie Henderson, Marjorie Clay,
Windsor Miller, Christine Brew,
Ralph Carver.
* Receiving Class—Winnifred Light-
foot, Walter Shertobetoff, Willie Pen
dergast, Louise Singer, May Jones,
Irene Bickerton, Annie Eloeoff, Agnes
POWDER FOR
PROSPECTORS
fykes, in the Philadeljihia ledger.
SPROUTING
Ahern, Jewel Baker, Joe Knight,
Jack Mulford, Bruce MoLeod, Elsie
Withers, Catherine Davis, Eyrtle
Kidd, Edith Gray, Willie Gowans,
Roderick Kavanagh, Polly Vatkins,
Lola Ogiloff, Isabel Crause, Pete
Singer, John Elosoff, Victor Rolls,
Winnifred O'Keefe, Eugene Dompier, Erina Borelli, Elsie Kuftinoff,
June Choo, Lem Wong.
Name Reoeiver for
The Forest Mills
Vancouver, May 4. —G. F. Gyles,
Vanoouver manager of Price,Water-
house & Co., has been appointed
receiver of tbe Forest Mills of British Columbia, Limited. Tbe latter,
incorporated in 1912 with a capital
ot 1500,000, is owoerof extensive
timber limits insoulbeistern British
Columbia and sawmills at Taft and
Three Rivers, on the main line of
the Canadibn Prcific railway near
Revelstoke and at Nelson. None of
these mills hive been operated for
some years, bflt tbe company is op
erating a mill at Cascade on the
Kettle river.
Beceiversbip proceedings are at
the suit of Sir Edward Lionel
Fletcher, of London, holder of Btock
in the company in tbe amounts of
£91 666 prior lien debeulures; £21,-
475, 5 per oent debentures, and
£2629, 6 per cent income debentures.
A trust deed and mortgage won
exeouted by tbe company in November, 1912, to the Trustees, Executors
and Securities Insurance Oorporn-
tion,securing 17,575,074 debentures.
The plaintiff alleged on affidavit
tbat he had .been informed by W A.
Anstie, managiag director of the
company, that tto interest had been
paid on tbe debentures since tbe
date of tbeif issue. ,
In the fall of 1920 the company
entered into s contract witb E. L.
Steeves to purchase 10,000,000 feet
of loge. The situation now is tbat
171,659 due rhe contractor on March
1 is now in arrears, and that the
balanc , 123,039, becomes payable
io June next. Tbe snbeoatraotors
are demanding payment and are
th rea telling to tie op the logs with
liens if their claims are not satisfied
The continual supply of logs is
essential if the mill's operations are
not to be interrupted.
On behalf of Sir Lionel was contended before Mr. Juotice Morrison,
who made tbe receivership order,
that the realizable assets of the
company comprise sawn lumber
and this could only be sold at the
present time at sacrifice prices. Because of the mortgage and trust
deed the company bas found great
difficulty in borrowing from tbe
banks.
The court authorized tbe receiver
to borrow $100,000, whicb is to be
used in liquidating the demands of
the logging contractor. Sir Lionel
Fletcher offered to arrange tbe loan
of tbis sum as an advance to the
receiver.
When the ordar was made this
morning counsel announced to his
lordehip tbat payment of the debenture stock would not be accelerated,
and tbat the appointment of a receiver was solely ior the purpose of
reorganizing tbe company.
Sir Lionel Fletcher was represented by A. H. Douglas, and Messrs
J. S. W Pugh, J. A. Clark and E
W. Singer appeared for interested
bondholders
9,178 SETTLERS
r VIA C.P. FLEET
{English Settlers Brought $175*
006 Here to Buy Land
Despite the strengthening ef it*
strictioni against fresh immigration
into thia country, and the continual
tion of the ruling that all new sst*
tiers must show $250 in cash and
their railway fare to their desttuM
tion before being admitted late the
Doaa-taion, these naw settlers eon
thins to ^rrive in large and iiicrsew
ing Mmbars. i
During tha  montha  of  Jan
February and March no less
9,187 new colonists entered St. J<
m   the  Canadian  Paciflo  i
alone, being 1,450 in January,
in February and   6,492  In
These numbers wonld hava
siderably   larger, so  f
men aver, if the $250 requh
had been dropped to the former
rate,  as it  was  recently
would be done.   In fact, i	
officials state that many hawked
tending Immigrants cancelled theto
bookings opon learning that the
high rate was to, be malBtatasd,
In detail, the Canadian Pacific records for the three months ara a$
follows: .
During January, five ef tha
pany's steamers arrived at St. JoL
N.B.. with a total passenger list
8,865, of which 1,450 were new solo
ists for Canada and 1.80T for   '
United States.
In February, six steamers arrived
with a total of 6,022 passengers, ol
which 2,046 were now colonists foi
Canada and 1,480 for the United
States. ,.
Nina steamers arrived in'Maiolfc
bringing 0,851 passengers: 6,W4 baa
ing new colonists for this counted
and 509 for the United States.       m
As to the type of colonists of
these incoming vessels, the eaae oi
the "MInnedosa"—the last to tftiftX
in March—might ba cited as fitrij
representative.      f
She   brought   sixty-five
together  with  their wives,
children and $175,000 to invest
Canadian lands.  These new st
were personally conducted ti
western destination by A. M. a
of the C.P.R. Colonisation and
velopme.it f Department.    Moat
these were for tha district aw
Lloydminster, a flourishing tow
ths Alberta-Saskatchewan Dotnu
There were also 40 domestics V
for Regina and forty for Toronto.
From which it will bo seen
this country ls procuring a
share of the sort of nawcoDUt
neat requires. *
Included in tbe estimates passed
at the last session of the provincial
legislature was tbe gym of $10,000
to provide assistance ret6 tbe "bona
fide mineral prospector" iu tbe pur
chase of 'he powder needed for the
initial development of mineal claims
staked io tbe province.
Hon. William Sloan, minister of
mines, bas bnd undei consideration
regulations to govern tbe disbursement of tbis aid. He has approved a
set of rules whicb, taken as a whole,
sbould assure the equitable administration of tbe fund.
The procedure laid down iu tbis
connection is very simple. Applicants have to comply with a few
clearly explained conditions to obtain a rebate on tbe powder they
use in tbe opening up of their properties "of 25 per cent of tbe legitimate cost of sucb powder."
The rules referred to may be summarized as follows:
Tbat applicants prove to tbe satisfaction of a mining recorder or a
resident mining engineer that they
are "bona fidv mineral prospectors."
That grants will be made oo a
basis of not moro than ten cases of
powder to eacb applicant in one
year.
That an additional amount may
be allowed to a prospector in one
year "uuder exceptional circumstances," and on the written recommendation of a resident engineer of
the department of mines.
That applicants shall sign decla'r*
ations, upon forms supplied by the
department of mines, settibg forth
the legal description of the ground
on wbich powder has been used aod
the number of cases of explosives
actually used in prospecting such
ground.
That applications sball be signed
iu tbe presence of and witnessed by
oue of the following persons, viz: A
mining recorder, a deput/ mining
recorder, a justice of the peace, or a
resident engineer of tbe department
of mines.
Upon receipt of suoh a declaration, with invoice of tbe powder
purchased, a subsidy will be paid to
the extent of 25 per cent f tbe re
(ail cost of tbe powder.
Special fitteution is called to thu
terms of tbe last clause. It means
that if powder is bought in centers
where it is comparatively cheap, the
rebate or subsidy will be based on
sucb cost. Should it be purchased,
however, at interior points at a
higher price the percentage will be
figured on tbe higher cost. Tbis is
of more advantage to prospectors
than a straight rebate per case.
Recent Discoveries Lend
Color to the Theory
That the Prehistoric
Briton Was Civilized
Lend a helping hand whenever
you can and a dollar occasionally.
THE WEATHER
Tbe following is the minimum
and maximum temperature for each
day during the past week, as recorded by tbe government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:
Max.    Min
April 28—Friday    53        35
30—Saturday:..... 57 29
May    1- Sunday  70        41
2—Monday    58        43
3—Tuesday  61        30
4—Wednesday.. 64 31
5- Thursday  62        39
Inches
Rainfall 22
T. A. Taggart, the newly appoint-
ed sheriff for this district, assumed
the duties of his office last  Monday,
The Kettle river is rising, and
sawlogs for the Forest mill ut Cascade aro now plentiful in the stream.
The orchards are not yot in bloom,
but a few more warm days will bring
out the flowers.
The printers in the Okanagan are
on a strike, and somo of the papers of
the district did not issue this week.
Others only printed half or quarter
sheets.
Of recent years anthropologists
and antiquarians bave been turning
tbeir attention more and more to
the theory that Great Britain was
inhabited by a race of superior intelligence aod civilization long be-
fore tbe Beltic period, whicb preceded tbe Roman occupation. Here
and tbere remains are occasionally
dug up wbicb lend color to this assumption. Writing in the London
Daily Mail on tbis subject, Lovat
Fraser says:
It is beginning dimly to be perceived that there must have been
some sort of primitive but ordered
civilization in England,and no doubt
in Scotland also, long before tbe
Celts came and developed their
rather barbarous Druidism. I was
first attracted to tbis question,about
which 1 had not then speculated or
read a word, wbile passing over
Salisbury Fain on the road from
Stonehenge to Mere.
On tbe high ground near the road
tbere is a great "camp" a mile
round, known as Yarnbury Castle.
Its immense earth worke aod deep
trenches would make even Hinden-
burg stare. It is a place which compels thought, and one asks whether
sucb a powerful position could have
been planned and constructed by
tbe people found in Britain by
Julius Caesar.
Tbere are many such "camps," of
course, aud I bave known them
since childhood, bat I fell into the
easy fashion of regarding (hem as
local tribal strongholds. Some were
afterwards occupied by Romans and
Danes, and even bear tbeir names,
yet they must be far more ancient
than tbe recorded invasions.
In a book called tbe Green Roads
of England, R. Hippisley Cot expounds what seems to me a true explanation. Mr. Cox's book was published on the eve of tbe great war
and, like so much else, has been
obscured by that tremendous cataclysm.
Mr. Cox considers tbat lbe hill
forts were built so long ago as tbe
stone age, and tbe green roads over
wbich you may still walk linked
tbem all up in one' marvellous defensive system. Tbe men wbo made
them were skilled astronomers and
tbey must have had big brains.
They controlled England as surely
aa it is controlled today, aod tbe
invadersof the bronze age wbo overwhelmed them "destroyed a civilization more fully developed than their
own."
I know tbere has been mucb patient research into human origins in
theBe islands, but marvel tbat ihere
is not more. So mucb remains dark
and unexplained. Standing at sunset on tbe Wbile Horse b. low the
fort called Uflingtoti Castle.it seemed
to me that tin mysleiious smooth
little valley wbicb leads up to the
Horse must have been scooped out
by human hands, lf Rider Haggard
had found such a strauge spot in
Africa he would have wiitten a
novel about it.
Why is no fulher  attempt  made
to solve the mystery of Silbury Hill,
near Avebury, the greatest artificial
height in Europe, past  which hun»
{Continued on Page i.) THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B; C.
tyxt (gran.!. Jfarka ^utt
AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER
G. A. EVANS. EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER
SUBSCRIPTION RATES—PAYABLE IN ADVANCE
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) $1.00
One Year (in the United States)    1.50
Address- * " **——••--•cations to
Tub Grand Fohks Sun,
PUONBIOIR GlWNU Fouks, B. C.
OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVENUE AND LAKE STREET.
FRIDAY, MAY 0, 1921
The statement made by C. E. Barnes, president of the British Columbia Fruit Growers'
association, in  his address in this city last
week, that prairie jobbers charged 20 per cent
commission for handling British   Columbia
fruit, furnishes a good text for a Bolshevikist
sermon. The orchardist pays $100 or $200 per
acre for his land; pays for the clearing and
breaking of the same; buys trees at a high
price and plants an orchard.   Then for seven
or eigjit years he sprays, prunes and cultivates
the orchard  without any returns whatever.
When the trees commence to bear this work
must be continued,  with the added labor of
thinning, picking and packing.   He has,  besides, to pay for the boxes and the transportation charges of the fruit to market.  His share
of the gross receipts for the product is four-
fifths.   The jobber's total capital investment
in the business is a $40 or $50 typewriter; he
has no work to do; takes no risk of loss of
crop, and his share of the transaction is one-
fifth of the receipts.   Besides supplying material for a sermon, the facts above enumerated also furnish a convincing argument in
favor of the formation by the British Columbia fruit growers of a province-wide selling
4'ency*
the top wages all through the war period, and
in the majority of cases the money was squandered. If he is now out of work and in want
it is largely his own fault. It is no exaggeration to say that he made more net profits than
the everage business man. If a business man
were to spend his money as fast as he takes it
in he could not continue in business more than
a month or two. After the crash there would
no sympathy for him. Neither should there
be for the man who has had a chance to provide for a rainy day but failed to do so. The
government is not the ward of every spendthrift who may be in hard luck. And the taxpayers have all they can'do to pay the legitimate expenses of government without keeping prodigals- in idleness whenever they run
out of cash. The system discourages thrift
and industry and puts a premium on hoboism.
For the returned soldier who is out of work
and in need of assistance we have every sympathy, and believe that it is the duty of the thc
federal and provincial governments to see that
he or his family does not suffer, because when
the empire hung in the balance he was doing
his duty at the front and had no opportunity
to provide for the future for himself and for
his family. For I'he stay-at-home workman
now out of employmentand clamoring for government aid, we confess that our compassionate feeling is not so deep rooted.  He received
The Grain Growers Guide last week reported that the United Farmers of Alberta
had organized a new local union at "Sunshine
Valley." Surcely, this cawn't mean Grand
Forks, as our new slogan is absolutely original
and has, we understand, been copyrighted and
patented. There are only thirty eight post-
offices in Canada with "Sun" as the first syllable, but our old friend "Sol" must be severely taxed to serve them all without partiality.
Prices for nearly all kinds of goods are still
too high, and- there appears to be evidences
that the wholesalers and manufacturers have
not entirely forgotten their profiteering meth
ods. There is also room for a considerable
drop in retail prices. At the present rate of
production, the cost of living in this country,
for both single and married persons, should
be at least 25 per cent lower than it is now.
The pooling of all the Canadian railways
into one huge system would, we fear, result
in the creation of a monopoly from which the
people would be the greatest suffers. It is
preferable that the governments of the coun
try should continue to lose on their railway
ventures until the territory along tbeir lines
develops sufficiently to make them profitable,
than to plunge the roads into a combination
from which they could not be extricated, and
thus stifle all transportation competition.
You can't square your circle nor make your
credit except when you don't need credit.
Locomotive Cookery
A young woman was visiting
some locomotive works and was
much interested in. wbat she saw
and apparently got some extraordinary information.
'■What is tbat thing over there?"
she asked of the young man from
the office who was showing her
about.
"That's a locomotive boiler," he
replied.
"And what do they boil locomotives for?"
"To make the locomotive tender."
said the young man.
DR: COHEN. OWNBR
Out-of-Town
People
Ask Your Friends
About
Noyatfiesia
<    The Proven
Painless Method
Teeth are Extracted or
Treated Without  Pain
\*\   Y««-      Quality
IO    lear  Guaranteed
Cnnadian Bond-, snd Canadian
Money Accepted at Full Value
Rooms 205 6 7 8 9-10 11-12,
2nd Floor, -Jinnies.-.. Bldg.,
Over Owl Drag
Wall and Riverside
SPOKANE, WASH.
;H»-tW-A.HU6UEHIH,WOTEAL.|     .JOTR^ p.SANDVFIino»iKtAu.o-v.-i| jg-^tWE lORwnjRcAsif « .^J^     j BASIL KING, BOSTON^
SOME PROMINENT MEMBERS gf THE CANADIAN AUTHORS'ASSOCIATION.
Although only a short time ln
existence, the Canadian Authors'
Association has already proved itself
a very active organization, and has
done substantial work for the benefit of the Canadian Author and Canadian literature. The Association
grew out of a recent Convention held
in Montreal, which was attended by
over one hundred Canadian writers,
many of whom have attained international fame—such as Basil King,
Stephen Leacock, Arthur Stringer, Frank L. Packard, Bliss Carmtfn
Archibald MacMechan, Robert Stead,
Madge Macbeth, etc. It has received
the cordial support of many who
could not personally be present,
auch as, Ralph Connor. L. M. Mont-
Somery, Nellie McClunjj, Jurifi?
Jmily Murphy (Janey Canuck), Har-
rey O'Higirins, Isabel Ecclcstone
-MacKay, and a host of others whose
same* aie household words in Can
adian magazines. Librarians were
there, such as Dr. George H. Locke,
W. S. Wallace and Hector Garneau
—also many of the Toronto publishers. A -considerable number of
French-Canadian Authors were pres-
tsnt, including M. Louvigny de Mon-
Uigny, and Madame Hupruenin, whose
•writings published under the pen-
name of Madeleine are exceedingly
l*topular with the French-Canadian
j-wpulation.
The remarkable interest taken in
'this Association is no doubt due to
lthe growing spirit of national pride,
which has evidenced itself so strongly in Canadian life, while a special
treason for the Association could be
l.ound in the Copyright Bill before
i:he Canadian Parliament, which appeared to endanger the rights of
Authors as they had never been endangered before.
A Committee was appointed to
study and take action on this Bill,
and within a fortnight a report wai
issued which undoubtedly has carried considerable weight with the
Government. Other Committees have
since been appointed to promote a
number of practical schemes, with
the object of increasing the percentage of book-readers in Canada and
of enlarging the interest in Canadian literature. Thus, for instance,
the publishers have agreed to cooperate with the authors in organizing a Canadian Book Week for next
November when the attention of the
bookloving public will be concentrated on works by Canadian Authors.
This is a month in which a great
many people get books to send
overseas as Christmas presents, and
it is planned also to encourage people in the West to send books by
Western Authors to friends in thai
East, and people in the East to sena
books by Eastern Authors to friends!
in the West
Ths Association anticipates that
if the book-reading and book-buying*]
public is increased in thiB country,!
the Canadian author will ho longer,
be tempted to desert his native country for the more populous centers of
New York or London, but will find
a sufficiently appreciative public at
home. Already conditions in thia
respect are improving, and several)
Authors such as Arthur Stringer
have come back from ths United
States to live in Canada. A nation
without a literature is as hopeless all
a man without a country, and the
object of the Canadian Authors' Association to promote a distinctive
Canadian literature is truly national
in its scope. J
THE HIGWAY OF
knowledge is for those
folks who have a clear
vision. If your eye cameras no longer easily adjust the foci; if the outer
transparency of the eye
called to cornea is improperly convexed so that
it does not constantly reflect the light; or jf the
muscles of your iris-dia-
phram do not instantly
respond to change of
light you need the attention of our skilled optometrist.
Those wishing neat sign painting
to ornament tbeir husioeas places
sbould call on W. P. O'Connor, a
returned soldier.        '
Job Printing at Tbe Sun office at
practically the same prices ae before
the big war.
GBAND FORKS
Transfer Company
DAVIS 8 HANSBN, Prop.
City Baft&afte and General
Transfer ',
Goal,
Wood and
for Sale
Ice
J. C. TAYLOR
Jeweller and Optician
Bridge Street Grand Forka
C.V. Meggitt
Beat Estate and Insurance '
ORCHARDS, FARM  LANDS   AND CITY
PROPERTY
Ezoellent facilities for telling your far_ni
We hare agenta at all Coatt and Prairie
Polnta
WR CARRY AUTOMORILR IN8URANCB.
DBALRR IN POLB& POSTS AND TIBS,
AND FARM PRODUCE
Reliable information regarding thia dlatrct
cheerfully furnl-hed. We solicit your Inquiries.
Office at  R.  t,  Petrle'i Store
Phone 64
AUTO LIVERY Z:
Modern Rigs and Good
Horses at All Hours at
the
Model Livery Bam
ML H. Barn, Prop.
Phone 68 Second Street
E. C. HENNIGER
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Cement
4
and
Plaster
Poultry Supplies
Grand Forks,B.C.
CITY CARTAGE CO.
GEREML TUNSFEI BUSINESS
AND DIALER IN
WOOD
COAL m ICE
Orrici I
f. Downey's agar Store
PETERSEN I PETERSEN, Proprietors
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty
'""if
A, Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yale Hotel, First 8tb-.it
Home Is No Further Away
Than the Nearest Telephone
The man who is frequently on the road
realizes the value of the telephone.
"Weighed against the comfort and help,
the assurance from home that all's well
gives me," says one, "the small sum of
the joll charge doesn't count at all."
The telephone highway is always the
shortest way home.
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TELEPHONE COMPANY
THE WHITE IS KING
Of all present-day Sewing Machines.
Why buy* a machine at which you hava
to sit in an awkward position, when you
may just as well have one with which it
is a pleasure to sew? The White Rotary
Sit-Strate is just the machine you want.
Sold on easy monthly payments by*    *
cTVliller CS. Gardner
t Complete Home Furnishers J
THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.
\
Pool Canadian Railroads
Into One Big System
LORD SHAUGHNESSY'S PRACTICAL REMEDY
FOR GRAVE PROBLEM-OPERATION BY
C.P.R. UNDER CONTRACT—DEFICITS
OVERCOME BY ECONOMIES
Lord Shaughnessy has  prepared
* and firm to the public hia personal
riew of the railway problem in Canada, prefacing hia atatement with the
following letter addressed to the
Prime Mlniater:
Montreal, April 6th, 1921.
De»r*Mr. Meighen,—National railway affairs are, I am sure, to you a
source of constant anxiety. To my
mind the railway question, involving, as it does such an enormous
draft on the annual revenue of the
country with no prospect of any im -
provement in the near future, is the
most momentous problem before our
country at this time.
I fur very much that the Grand
Trunk transaction will prove disappointing and expensive, and if it-
were my case I would go a long way
to secure the consent of the Grand
Trunk shareholders to the «!bro*ra
tion of the statutory contract.   %
I am enclosing a memorandum giving in rough outline my opinion as
to the only process through* which
the atmosphere can be cleared. Some
people, whether they believe it or
pot. will find in my suggestions a
selfish desire on the part of the
Canadian Pacific to control the rail-
way situation. The Canadian Pacific
bogey has served its turn on every
occasion in the past. thirty-five
years, when schemes were being pro
moted with disregard of the cost to
tha country.
The Canadian Pacific has no fish
to fry, and I am not aure that my
plan would be viewed with favor by
the executive, the directors or the
shareholders.   Everybody connected
* witli the company would prefer to
see ita status undisturbed, but it is
impossible to accept with equanimity a situation which makes a demand on the public treasury of about
9200,000 per day, without any com
pensating advantage, if there be any
possibility of improving it.
My memorandum, as you will observe, merely brings up to date on'
very much the .Same lines a similar
paper that I prepared about the end
of 1917 and sent to Sir Robert Bor
den. He feared, I imagine, that as
my plan would apparently create a
Canadian Pacific monopoly in transportation it would not be acceptable
to the country. Even if there were
foundation for that theory at 'the
 time,' the current Of events since
1017 may have resulted in a decided
. change of sentiment.
I am submitting the momorand'in
* to you with the best intentions in the
world for such consideration as yo*i
may think it deserves.
Yours very truly,
(Sgd.) BHAUGHNESSy.
Bt. Hon. Arthur Meighea,.p.C.   ■■•
Premier, Ottawa, Ont.
ONE NATIONAL SYSTEM
Lord Shaughnessy'-? Plan for
- "•    Canadian  Railways
In 19171 prepared a memorandum
analyzing the railway situation in
Canada as it then existed and suggesting a plan of dealing with it,
Which I read to our directors and
subsequently forwarded to Sir Rob-
Wt Borden for the consideration of
-himself and'his Cabinet. Evidently
my views did not appeal to the
•Government nor to the advisers
from whom the Government at
that time received its inspiration
on railway affairs.
Meantime, conditions have sub;
stantially changed. Capital expenditures of considerable amount
that might have bcen avoided have
been incurred, and the deficits resulting from the operation of the
weaker lines have increased by
leaps and bounds, so that the sug-
Jestions contained in the memoran-
um of 1917   would   not   now   be
available.
.. It was not my purpose then, nor
is it now, to discuss the railway
policy of successive Governments,
federal and provincial, during thc
past thirty-five years. In most
cases the legislation defining the
policy received the approval of the
electorate at the polls, and therefore if serious and expensive blunders were made we should be prepared to pocket our chagrin and
foot the bills with equanimity. We
have, however, the obligation to try
to discover and develop plans that
msy serve to relieve the Canadian
people from some part of the dis
tresslng and dangerous financial
results now in evidence and which
threaten the future.
Canada nas now about 40,000
miles of railway lines. Of the lines
included in this- mileage approximately 37 per cent, earn annually
sufficient money to pay all Interest charges and to give a return on
the share capital; 54 per cent, tail
to earn enough to pay their work
Ing expenses and are consequently
operated at a loss; and 9 per cent.
earn interest on some of their
major securities but have nothin?
to apply as dividend on. the share
capital.
Grand Trunk System.
Included iii the last mentioned is
the Grand Trunk Railway System.-
wbich is international in character, owning or controlling important railways in the United States
with termini at Chicago, Portland
and elsewhere. Serving consider
able portions of the Provinces of
Ontario and Quebec; the Grand
Trunk System enjoys a substantial
volume of Canadian traffic, but its
international business yields the
greater part «f its gross revenue.
Relieved of the handicap thaKwas
imposed by the Grand Trunk Pacific the parent company should, in
normal times, be in a position to
pay the annual interest on most of
its securities that take precedence
of the common stock, but a return
on the common stock would appear
to be exceedingly remote ih any
circumstances. This railway system is, however, of national importance, and it would be unfortunate from our Canadian standpoint if, hampered by the methods
and ambitions of previous managements, the company should be kept
in a state of embarrassment and
should be prevented from carrying
out plans for increased efficiency
and economy. It would be still
more unfortunate if by any process
the Grand Trunk should be placed
in a position that would have the
effect of destroying, either on sentimental . grounds or others, the
movement through Canada of international traffic to and from its
feeders in United States territory.
Even at this advanced stage it
would be wise for the Dominion
Government to drop all measures
looking to the acquisition or control of the Grand Trunk, to relieve
that company of all obligations In
connection with the Grand Trunk
Pacific and to grant easy terms
covering a period of years for. the
repayment of any amounts advanced by the ..Government to the
Grand Trunk or secured on the
credit of the Government in the
ast two years.
The Transcontinental Line.
The National. Transcontinental-
Grand Trunk Pacific scheme of a
line .from Moncton to Prince Rupert was a deploiable blunder in its
inception .and execution. Doubtless the Grand Trunk objected to
the line from Cochrane east and
mly yielded under pressure, but
•*• eastern and western termini of
the line having been once determined, thc ' Government was, 1
know, guided by the advice and
wishes of the Grand Trunk man-
-rnment of that day in fixing the
ocation and standard of construction.' It was pointed out that four-
tenths grades and light curvature
iToyld make for economical operation, because of the ' increased
weight of .the trnin that could be
hauled over the line by a single
engine. The theory was all right,
but the basic essential was ignored.
The.traffic was not available and
would. not be available for a long
period of time to furnish loads for
these heavy trains, and therefore
the 'advantages could not be utilized unless the practice were pursued of holding traffic until a sufficient amount was accumulated,
with the consequent delay and expense and the dissatisfaction of
patrons. A railway quite sufficient
for' any traffic likely to develop
for many years could have been
built in less than half the time and
at a saving of 50 per cent, to 60 per
cent, in cost, and as business increased a*§ revenue improved the
requisite cnanges to meet new demands could be carried out, as in
thp case of the Canadian Pacific.
Recognizing the National Transcontinental portion of the route as
a national incubus the Borden Government soon after coming into
power relieved the Grand Trunk
Company from financial responsibility with reference to it, and the
burden fell an the country.
Grand Trunk Pacific.
The extravagantly constructed
Grand Trunk Pacific with its terminal at Prince Rupert proved a
most disappointing enterprise, because over most of the route there
was no traffic to yield revenue suf.
ficient to meet the interest charges
on its mandatory securities, or, in'
deed, to cover the cost ef maintenance and operation, meantime these
interest charges, as well as any
operating deficits, had to be met
at regularly recurring neriods, and
the Grand Trunk Company could
not have shouldered the burden
without incurring financial disaster.
It was apparent that in the circumstances it would be necessary
for the Dominion Government to
give relief even to the extent of
taking over the Grand Trunk- Pa-
cific. This was finally determined
upon, but coupled with it was the
decision of the Dominion Government to acquire the Grand Trunk
Railway System as well. Clearly
this was a mistake, as all the ad
vantages that would result to the
Grand Trunk Pacific and other portions of the Canadian National Railways could have been secured by a
traffic agreement.
By its Grand Trunk policy the
Government is unnecessarily adding
to its burdens, and the Grand
Trunk System, as I have stated before, would now and hereafter be
a much greater asset to Canada if
privately owned and operated than
it can possibly be if merged into
the National System.
While the transfer of the Grand
Trunk Pacific to the Government
of Canada and the consequent relief of the Grand Trunk Railway
Company would appear to be a jui
handled transaction, it is not witi
out its justification, because when
the Dominion Government was
framing its policy with reference
to the route and character of the
line the objections .and, indeed,
dangers of the policy were frequently pointed out to the Government by those who had the requisite knowledge of the country
and the technical experience to entitle their opinion and advice to
more consideration than they received. The Government cannot escape its share of the blame. »
The Canadian Northern. '
The Canadian Northern System
was by over-expansion made a
hopeless business proposition. Without wishing to criticize the policv
pursued by the company it is evident that the future of the property
was founded on the assumption
tn»t the prosperity and expansion
which Canada enjoyed for a period
pf eight or ten years would continue indefinitely, and the mileage
pf the system-was increased year
by year until the annual interest
charges of the company reached a
sum out of all proportion to pres
ent or prospective revenue. Had
tlie promoters confined themselves
to the territory between Lake Superior and Edmonton their venture
would have been of advantage to
the country and profitable to themselves, but their exploits east of
Port Arthur and west of Edmonton
were untimely and disastrous. It
became clear that the company
must collapse unless kept alive by
very large grants from the public
treasury. For this there eould be
np justification, and the only other
alternatives for the Government
were to permit default and liquidation 'or to take the property over
under the terms of the Act of 1914.
The Dominion Government, having
become a partner in the enterprise
by accepting 40 per cent, of the
share capital at a cost to the country of $57,000,000 in subsidies and
guarantees, and being guarantor of
the company's securities to a large
amount, default and a receivership
would have had their disadvantages. While it is probable that in
the circumstances the country's interests were best served by the
acquisition of the property, it
strikes one that the legislation relating to the transaction would
have been the subject of less criticism had provision bcen made for
the payment of a very substantial
honorarium to the men who had devoted nearly twenty years of their
lives to the establishment and development of the enterprise instead
of the creation of a tribunal to determine the value of something
that in the minds of the large section of tho public was valueless.
With the ownership or control of
the Intercolonial, National Transcontinental, Canadian Northern, and
Grand Trunk Pacific lines vested in
the Dominion Government, the Canadian people are now the proprietors
of about 17,000 miles of railway,
SJr!- JL C8P'tal investment of say
$850,000,000, and an annual interest
charge of something like $34,000,000.
In the annual interest charges nothing ls-mcluded for the Interdolohial
and Prince Edward Island Railways,
because these have been with us for
so long a period as unproductive and
expensive property, nor for the National Transcontinental absorbed in
the Consolidated Fund.
There is no rolling stock equipment nor are there terminal yards,
freight facilities, repair shops or
other requirements commensurate
with a system of this magnitude,
and the cost of providing them will
be very great indeed.
Operating Revenues.
According to the brief return submitted to Parliament a few days ago,
the operating revenue of the Canadian National Railways, including
the Grand Trunk Pacific, for the
year 1920, was as follows: From pas-
S^o^'oJ?.23''^8'884; ■>■«"» fteteht(
$90,982,832.   The train mileage re-
?iuired to earn thiB money was as
ollows: Passenger trains, 13,822,587
miles; freight trains, 24,485,286
miles. In the same period Canadian
Pacific earned from passengers $49,-
125,738; and from carriage of freight,
$145,303,399; with' passenger train
mileage 20,538,038, and freight train
mileage 26,281,627.
It will be gathered from these
figures that the train mileage on the
Canadian National System is out of
all proportion to the revenue, taking
the Canadian Pacific as a standard.
Were it possible to effect a reduction
in train mileage on the National
System to make the ratio of train
miles to earnings same as that on
the Canadian Pacific, the saving in
transportation alone would represent
upwards of $22,000,000 per annum.
This, however, is out of tne question
because, while there might be a substantial shrinkage of train mileage
without serious public inconvenience,
the great mileage of the National
System to be served and the limited
traffic available prevent a proper
relation between traffic and train
miles.
It is to be observed, however, that
the Canadian Pacific handled traffic
representing revenue 71 per cent, in
excess of the Canadian National,
with an additional cost of transportation of only 13 per cent. This is
accounted for to some extent by the
greater expense per train mile for
transport on the National System.
In this unit of operating expenses
there would have been a saving of
about $6,500,000 if the Canadian Pacific basis had been reached.
Maintenance Costs.
Maintenance of way and structures cost the Canadian National
about $43,000,000 for 17,000 miles of
railway, or an average of $2,520 per
mile. On the same account the Canadian Pacific expended $32,574,000
6n 13,402 miles of railway, an aver
age of about $2,430 per miles. Doubtless considerable expenses was^ involved in bringing to a higher standard main lines of the National System that had been permitted to run
down, but so large a percentage of
the system consists of unimportant
branches with light traffic where
maintenance charges should be comparatively low that the average for
the whole system would appear to
be rather excessive. If it be assumed that destroyed and obsolete
cars and locomotives were replaced
in accordance with the Canadian Pacific practice, the expenditure for
maintenance of equipment was not
excessive based on the Canadian Pacific average cost in the same year
per locomotive and per car. Taking
into account the extent of the System, the traffic and general expense of the Canadian National
Railways are not excessive.
If the very large annual deficit resulting from the operation of these
lines is to be reduced it must come
either from a substantial increase in
revenue from traffic or a shrinkage
in the cost of operating.
If immigration and settlement are
not restricted by legislation or other
conditions, there will in the ordinary
course of events be a continuing
growth of traffic, but at best this
growth is apt to be slow and quite
insufficient to make any important
impression on the annual results for
some years to come.
Meanwhile the Canadian people
will be compelled, year after year
to raise, by taxation, sufficient
money to meet the appalling annual
deficits, unless by some process the
cost of the maintenance and operation of the National Lines can be
brought to much lower figures. This,
however, would not appear to be
practicable, as the National System
engaged in competition for traffic
with another very . strong railway
company would be at serious disadvantage unless in train service,
equipment and in other respects it
offered the public facilities approaching those obtainable elsewhere. •
Reduction of Rates.
I have made no reference to the
economies that will result from a
revision of the schedule of wages
and working conditions, which are on
a fictitious basis and must be amended, because concurrent with this will
be a .reduction in the rates for the
carriage of commodities that are essential if the country's basic industries are to be stimulated or indeed
kept alive.
The situation is a serious one and
almost hopeless unless some plan can
be devised that will promptly and
effectively bring to this National
Railway System additional financial
strength and sustenance.
With but ono set of shareholders,
the Canadian Pacific Railway Company is really two separate entities.
The shareholders have their railways constituting the Canadian
system of oVer 14,000 miles, with
Lake, River and Pacific Coast
Steamship Lines, express and other
accessories whose income is included
in last year's total of $216,000,000,
and the net revenue of $33,000,000.
And then they have their other assets that are dealt with in a separate
account, consisting of their ownership in railway companies in the
United States that are under separate management but that interchange traffic with the Company at
the frontier, the^ ocean steamship
lines, lands still owned and payments
accruing on lands already sold, mining and other interests, in all representing a substantial sum from
which revenue is derived to supplement the distribution to the shareholders from the proceeds of the
railway operations.
If by some-arrangement with the
Company these assets could be segregated and the railway property
added to the Government System
that I have just described, the System would comprise 31,000 miles of
railway with a considerable amount
of parallel lines unimportant or useless.- ,     - j.
Price to be Paid C. P. R.
The consideration to be given the
shareholders of the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company in exchange for
the properties above defined would,
I imagine, be in the nature of an
undertaking by the Government of
Canada to pay to the shareholders
in perpetuity a fixed annual dividend
on the share capital, to be supplemented by a further payment when
the whole property was yielding a
specified return.
The extraneous assets of the Canadian Pacific would be transferred
0 and administered by Trustees or
by a subsidiary Company with another Board of Directors, so that the
Directors of the Railway Company
would bo interested only in the administration of the trust placed in
their hands by the people of Canada.
There would be no motive for selfishness, if such a thing were possible in the circumstances. The income on their shares being fixed
and unchangeable, excepting as
above provided, the Canadian Pacific
shareholders could receive no advantage from preferential treatment
given*to nny particular portion of
the Railway System. The Directorate would have every incentive for
wise, prudent and business-like administration.
Of course there are many details
that would have to be worked out,
but it is not necessary to refer to
them here.
Now, having brought these pro
perties together, we are faced with
the most serious problem of all,
namely, that of administration and
operation. Political management
would be impossible, because among
other reasons policy and management must have the elements of con-
tnuity and could not be changed with
each change of Government without
ruinous results. While I have great
regard for the opinion of my friends,
Sir Henry Drayton and Mr. Ac-
worth, I do not agree that their plan
of management would eliminate the
danger of political interference, because it could be changed at any
session of Parliament. My suggestion would be that if an agreement
with the Canadian Pacific Railway
Company on the lines that I have
indicated were found feasible, that
Company would be used under the
terms of a contract approaching perpetuity in its duration to administer
and operate the whole property for
account of the Canadian people. I
mention the Canadian Pacific be- .
cause the magnitude, scope and
variety of its operations compel a
comprehensive organization, and this
could be supplemented by judicious
selections from the staffs of the other companies to meet the demands of
the larger work.
Savings to be Effected.
On the returns for the year 1920,
the gross earnings of the combined
system would be $342,283,000 and
the operating expenses $345,973,000,
a deficit in operation of approximately $3,700,000. The annual fixed
charges of the whole system, including the dividend on Canadian Pacific Preference Stock, would be
$47,490,000, or a total deficit of
about $51,190,000.
Essential expenditures on capital
account from time to time will tend
to swell these charges, but by the
addition of the Canadian Pacific with
its ample rolling stock equipment, its
splendid terminals and other facilities, in the use of which the whole
system would participate, important
expenditures which could not be
avoided in other circumstances would
be rendered unnecessary.
To this amount of $51,190,000 per
annum, of course it would be necessary to add the guaranteed dividend
on Canadian Pacific common stock
hereafter to be determined, but if we
set aside an estimated amount for
that purpose the total deficit, including everything, would be approximately $80,000,000. In the light of
these figures present conditions
would not be improved, but then
we must take into account the saving that would result from the consolidation by the elimination of unnecessary train service and of duplicate work at important terminals
and at other points; the restriction
of maintenance work on unnecessary
duplicate lines; the decrease in general as well as traffic and agency
expenditures; the common use of
cars and locomotives, reducing to a
minimum capital expenditures on
that account with greater economy
in the maintenance of equipment and
the stoppage of outlay in many other
directions. 1
In 1920 the operating cost of the
combined system was about 101 per
cent, of the gross earnings. The Canadian Pacific cost was 84.7 per cent,
of its gross earnings. If the average
for the combined system could be
brought to the Canadian Pacific level
it would represent a saving in the
cost of operating of about $56,000.-
000 per annum. There would still
be a deficit of $24,000,000 per annum, but for a number of reasons
1920 was an expensive year and I
see no reason why the operating
ratio should not be brought as low
as 80 per cent, at most, which would
reduce the total deficit to eleven or
twelve million dollars. To catch up
with this a growing volume of traffic would have to be relied upon,
but with immigration settlement and
development this should come in
gradual stages, and the saving to
the country in the meantime would
be very large.
In connection with these transportation matters there are sure to be
miscalculations and disappointments,
but the consolidation that I have
outlined above would appear to be
the most logical and economical policy.
Besides the National Railways,
Canada would then have an International group consisting of the
Grand Trunk, Canada Southern, Toronto, Hamilton & Buffalo, and Pere
Marquette Railways of 4,600 miles,
and other lines of local or provincial
character. These latter lines may
well be left to work out their own
salvation, and if they require aid, the
provinces, having been relieved of
their major liabilities under their
guarantees, can well afford to give it,
I am not giving expression to
these views as chairman, director or
shareholder of the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company, and it i.s quite
possible that neither my felluv-di-
rectors not "the sharchoiders would
be in accord. The Canadian Pacific,
with its low capitalization and capacity for securing and handling a
vast volume of traffic, should as
time passes yield a larger return to
its owners than at any time in the
past. Indeed, about this there is little room for doubt, but with a satisfactory annual dividend guaranteed
in perpetuity by the Canadian Government thc shareholders could probably be induced to forego their
speculative benefits, as their shares
would then have the security and
stability of Government bonds.
It is my sole purpose to assist if
I can in the solution of what is beyond doubt the most serious and
menacing problem that faces our
country, and to frankly outline the
policy that I would adopt and carry
nto effect if the responsibility were
upon me to act as the representative
and trustee of thc Canadian people
in safeguarding .the present and future railway transportation interests
of the Dominion, and in endeavoring
to stop, or at any rate minimize the
vast demands on the treasury and
the credit of the country that arc.
pretty sure to be made yearly if the
present policy is continued.
The people of British Columbia call
the eity "Rupert" and let it go at
that.
But names and slogans are not
without their value. The Albertan
suggests that the board of trade just
bold open its competition for the
time being. We h _ve lived for several years without any well defined
slogan and we can keep on living
until we bit upon a good one.
In tbe meantime tbe colums of
Tbe Albertan are open to suggestion". Any genius wbo bits upon
tbe right name should come right
along with bis discovery.
Tlie New Law Will
Eliminate Bootlegging
Victoria, May 2 —At least
$.-500,000 a year will be saved iu the
selling of liquoj and possibilities of
bootlegging will be reduced almost
to zero, according to plana formulated by tbe liquor board bere.
Tbe elimination of the bootlegger
,8 to be achieved by tbe stamping of
all liquor tbat comes into tbe province, it is planned. Every liquor
buyer in British Columbia will be
numbered, just like a motor car.
Tbis number will most likely con •
sist of the first letter of his name
and after tbat a series of figures.
Tbese numbers will all be registered
at the bead oflice of tbe liquo r
board.
The liquor sold to any person will
bave to be stamped by the govern*
ment witb tbe number of tbat per
son. All liquor entering the province in any otber way will have to
be stamped by tbe government with
that person's number.
Any parson caught witb a bottle
no t bearing bis own numher will be
asked to explain, as it will almost be
direct evidence tbat tbe person who
bought the liquor from the govern-
lutut in tbe first place bad disposed
of it to some one else for h .me consideration or otber. The person to
whom the liquor was sold in the
first place can be locuted just as
easily as the owner of a motor car
wbo exceeds tbe speed limit.
SLOGANS
Speaking of slogans, which is of
more or less interest to the people of
tyis community, the Calgary Albertan says:
If slogan builders were as numerous as slogan builder critics, we
should by this time have the very
best slogan for pur city that there is
or could be. That the slogan selected by tbe board of trade does
not answer, is quite evident* But
unfortunately no person who criticizes, not even the newspapers, supplement the criticisms with any
suggestions.
A slogan must be short, snappy,
descriptive and dignified.  It should
not be longer than tbree or four
words. It should be full of tbe epirit
of the city, dscriptive of location, if
possible, or tbe leading industries,
or the ideals or characteristics ofthe
people, without anything cheap or
slangy about it. The ambitious town
of Bassano had a unique and catcby
slogan, which was descriptiye and
full of life,  but with a lack of
dignity.     •
Tben there are certain impressions
from which we must keep away.
For instance, "Calgary, the City of
Sunshine," is a very excellent slogan
in some ways, but immediately
some person will raise the point
tbat sucb a slogan will draw attention to and exaggerate our dry years,
which would never do.
The man or woman or combina
tion or men or women who can hit
upon a slogan whicb answers all the
requirement will do very well.
Tbe G-iand Trunk Pacific gave e
prize for the best name for tbe Pa
cific terminus of tbat railway and
for its pains got tbe name "Prince
Rupert," whicb is neither euphoni
ous, descriptive nor with chi
Okanagan Vegetables
Are Being Destroyed
Vernon, May 2.—Onions aod
potatoes by tbe ton are being hauled
ti tbe nuisance ground because
theae are no buyers. Tbere is no
demand for these vegetables in any
market.
li wae suggested some lime ago
tbat a campaign to inqteaee coo-
sumpti m of onions should be undertaken, but the statistics show
that people will only eat so many
onions, campaign or no campaign,
so tbe idea was abandoned. Prairie
markets have been well supplied
and many warehouses there are
overstocked.
Some growers bave held on think*
ing that tbey would be able to realize something from tbeir onion
crops, but are now giving up all
hope.
Chinese truck growers are begging
shippers to market tbeir potatoes for
whatever cau be got, but tbere ie 00
demand. PriceB for spuds run from
$12 to fid a ton.
Padlock Safety Paper,for
bankebecks, kept in Htouk
Sun Job Department.
private
by The
INCUBATORS
BROODERS
Selectyour Poultry Supplies
from the largest and most
complete stock in B. C.
Everything for the Poul-
tryman.
Wire, Fencing and Netting for poultry, farm and
berries.
B. C. AgnilH for
Buckeye, Jubilee, Reliable,
Prairie State and Electric
Incubators and Brooders.
CATALOGUES FREE
A. I. JOHNSON & CO.,
814 Cambie St.       Vancouver THE   SUN.   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.
News of the City
One of the members of tbe Norrb
Fork colony of fanatical Doukhobors
attempted to parade through tbe
city on Sunday morning dressed in
nothing but his whiskers and the
Qrand Vorks valley slogan. It is
said tbat he strutted down Winnipeg avenue as proudly aB if he bad
been robed in regal raiment. Wben
he got near tbe mounted police
baracks he was nabbed and bustled
to the jail. Tuesday afternoon some
of his North Fork companions indulged in a sympathy demonstration. A Douk woman who claimed
to be tbe "martyr's" mother
haunted the jail and refused lo leave
it. Wednesday evening the police
was instructed to remove tbe woman
to the colony. By a misinterpretation of instructions, it is said, both
tbe woman and her "son" were
taken to the colony. Thus ended a
disgraceful incident without any
punishment to fit the crimi. A
eepetition of it may lead tbe citizens to take the law in tbeir own
hands.
C. A. Carlson, Section foreman at
Greenwood on tbe C.P.R., and his
assistant, 0. Scholberg, arrived at
the Grand Forks hospital on Wedn
nesday, suffering from painful flesh
wonnds on tbeir legs, arms and
faces, the result of a mysterions ex
plosion in tbe section tool house at
Greenwood Wednesday morning.
When Mr. Carlson opened the door
of tbe tool bouse to get his speeder
tbere was a terrific explosion, whicb
could hardly have been the result of
gasoline, as a conflagration did not
follow, but  tbere  is a bole in the
after Wagner had been held up for
everything he had. The hold ups
made tbeir escape. It is said that
they are known to Wagner, and tbat
be bas sworn vengeance.
John Simpson on Saturday sold
bis orchard, consisting of twenty"
seven acres and adjoining the western boundary of the city limits, on
the old Newby farm, to his niece,
Miss Jessie Stuart. The orchard con-
tafns 900 bearing fruit trees and ie a
valuable property. The consideration has not been made publio. Mr.
Simpson lefl on Tuesday for Toronto, and after a short visit there
he will go to New York.
Geo. C. Egg and Capt. S. A. H.
Brew went over to Hock Creek on
Wednesday (o look over some farm
lands in that district. The captain,
it is said, is desirous of relocatin g
there.
The work of shipping machinery
and material from the Granby dtnel-
ter was finished Saturday night.
The only men at* tbe works now are
tbe watchmen.
The fishing season opened on
May 1, but there are still as good
fish in the Kettle river ss in tbe
larder of the average Grand Forks
citizen.
Indications for a big fruit crop in
this valley were never better than
rhey are this spring.
New Partnership Formed
Mr. Ernest Harrison has entered
into a business partnership with Mr.
Donald   McCallum, and "the insur- June V»«d *h6rUy thereafter the
ance  and real estate business con   r80e **'• Degin*
ducted here by the latter for many     At the greatest brilliancy  observ»
floor of ibe shed where the explosion) years   will in   future be carried on able from the earth the   comet will
Summer has arrived at last.    A
mosquito called at our office today.
Mr. and Mrs. Ed Davis will leave
for Toronto on Monday.
For Sale—A small house in
Park. Apply Geo. Armson,
repairer.     	
City
shoe
Meteoric Shower When
The Comet Cometh
Berkeley, Cal., May 2.—For a
month tbis summer tbe earth will
engage in a race with the periodic
comet Pons-Winneck and will endeavor, throngh its astral influences,
to "trip up" its gaseous rival, according to a report made public today by the observatory of the University of California. Tbe earth will
not get into the race nntil the comet
has a lead of between 12,000,000
and 20,000,000 miles, but then it
will "pnt everyihing it has" into its
test with tbe comet.
Tbe earth influenoe will pull the
comet away from its course somewhat, but it will continue to plunge
along the cosmic speedway at an una
diminished pace. On June 27 it
flips its tail so bard against the
earth that tbe impaot will cause a
meteoric shower.
The comet, wbich at la-t calcula*.
tions was in the constellation Her»
cules or approximately 37,000,000
miles from the earth, is due to make
a flying visit to the constellations
Lyra, Cygnus and Pisces before approaching the earth. Its nearest approach will be 12,000,000 miles on
HOW YOU CAN TELL
GENUINE ASPIRIN
Only Tablets with "Bayer Croas"
are Aspirin—No others I
There Is only one Aspirin, that marked
with the "Bayer Cross"—all otter tablets are only acid imitations.
Genuine "Bayer Tablets of Aspirin"
have been prescribed by physicians for
nineteen years and proved safe by mil-
lions for Pain, Headache, Neuralgia,
Colds, Rheumatism, Lumbago, Neuritis,
Handy tin boxes of 12 tablets—also
larger "Bayer" packages, can be had
at any drug store.   Hade in Canada.
Aspirin is the trade mark (registered
in Canada), of Bayer Manufacture of
Monoaceticacidester of Salioyllcaeid.
a,While it is well known that Aspirin
means Bayer manufacture, to assist the
public against imitations, the Tablets of
"layer Company, Ltd., will be stamped
OUR TABLE
SILVERWARE
is thoroughly dependable. It is guaranteed to last for years of constant
service. Our assortment is varied
and complete. We can furnish an en- '
tire servioe of every requisite of a refined table or single pieces which may
he added to later. Tou will find onr
prioes very moderate considering th
quality of our merchandise.
Hx-pcrt Wateh Repairing
JOHN GRASSICK
Watchmaker    and   Jeweller
with   their" general
"Bayer Cross?
trade   mark, 'the
Curious Remains
Found in England
{Continued from Page 1.)
dreds of motors whirl every weekf
I have seen a Briton patiently hack
ing away at the inexplicable mounds
in the Pearl Islands of the Persian
gulf. Far up the Nile I have watched and been fascinated by tbe excavators at their work. But here, in
our midst, tbe baffling mystery of
Silbury still awaits enlightening
research.
RIDE A BICYCLE
Cyoling is easy when you ride the high-grade Bioyoles
I sell—tbe wheels lhat run smoothly year after year. Let
me explain to you my easy sale plan on terms.
First-Claw. Repair Work done in Blacksmithing, Braiing,
Aluminum Soldering, Oxy-Aoetylene Welding, Woodwork, Etc
Je Re MOOYBOER <&andWhks,b7c!
Open Saturday Evenings 111110 o'Clocb
occurred.   An investigation of the
cause of the a cident may   be held.
J. Wagner, of Midway, was shot
in tbe neck eatly Sunday morning
by some Americans near Ferry,
Wash. The wound is not serious
and Joe will recover. The affair is
said to have been a mix-up of boot-
loggers.   The    shooting     occurred) patrons.
under tbe new firm name of McCallum & Harrison.
Mr. McCallum bas been engaged
in tbe Bame line of business in Grand
Korks for tbe past twenty years, and
Mr. Harrison bss had a wide experience in financial and public service affairs.
The new firm will continue tbe
aim of the office in the past to render the best possible service to its
be of the eighth or ninth magnitude.
Nothing greater tban the sixth
magnitude can be observed by the
naked eye, eo the world at large
will see nothing of the visit until
tail-flipping episode on June 27.
The comet will do no great damage and the meteoric shower, it ie
expected, will prove to be a harmless and inspiring spectacle.
Canada's Farthest West
^
Clayaquot Sound, one of the delightful spots of the West Coast, Vancouver Island.
It seems hardly possible in these
days of quick and easy travel, of
competitive transportation, that
there should be a coast on Vancouver
Island, with a seaboard of over 460
miles that is practically unknown.
And this in a temperate country between the latitude of 45 deg. and 66
des;. I
The Canadian Pacific ls the only
line to send boats to ply up and
down this coast and they only call at
the different ports every ten days or
so. Otherwise these pioneer settlers
have no connection with the outside
world unless It be at the end of the
Alberni Canal which is so far the
only point where the Island railway
meets the west coast.
The west coast is more temperate
than the east; the average tempera-
ture tot January last year up Quat
sino Sound was 86 dec. Fahr. foi
August and 68 deg. Fahr. for Janu-
The two industries that keep the
West coast alive at all are fishing
and logging, and all the big salmon-
canning companies of British Columbia have stations here. The first
port of call is Port Renfrew, at the
mouth of the San Juan River, and
here the Defiance Packing Co. of
Vancouver put up 2,000 cases of salmon a day in the season. Then up
coast, past the Carmanah Light to
Clo-oose, a great city with a population of about sixty whites and
forty Indians, where the Nitinat
Cannery turned out over 65,000 cases
ta 1917.
Away back Inland from these
ports towers the great line of mountains that stretch the whole length
of the island, and just here form
the watershed of those three wide
rivers, the San Juan, the Sarita and
the Nitinat. There are those who
say—but whisper it low—that a
band of elk, known to few and seen
by fewer, still have their range on
the slopes of this watershed, and
yet another band in the far northern east corner of the island between
the head of Kyuquot Sound and the
south-east arm of Quatsino, round
about the headwaters of the Nimp-
kish.     ^tmESm************-*-*.*-.*-—-—
Fortunately, however, they are
protected for some years to come.
At Banfield, there is the Dominio
Goverpment Life Saving Station and
the Imperial Government Cable Station; ft is the landing point for
cables from Australia and New Zealand, the nearest forwarding point
being Fanning Island, 4,600 miles
away. A staff of thirty-five officials
here.
Uchucklesit is a bigger settlement,
about one hundred whites and seventy-five Orientals and Indians.
Here the Wallace Fisheries have a
large plant with two lines of machinery for canning salmon and two
for herrings so that they can turn
out in all about 4,000 cases a day.
Away up the Alberni Canal, somo
twenty miles inland lies Port Alberni, a town which has long since
cried "Ichabod" and gone to sleep.
Here the Cross-island railway has its
terminus for the present, although
the extension to Sproat Lake and
Great Central Lake will soon be
ready.
Out into Barclay Sound again,
through the islands of the "Broken
Group"' to Sechart, Toquart and so
to Ucluelet, where the Wallace Fisheries buy a lot of their fish. A
happy little settlement here with
several well-established homesteads,
that lt has taken half a life-time to
clear, and all the more loved for
that.
It is here that a certain Scotchman has a garden renowned as being the first—if not still the only—
rhododendron nursery in the North-
American Continent. Years before
the war he sent to Berlin for seeds,
and then sat back to wait the seven
years it takes for a rhododendron seed
to come to flower-bearing age.
Since then he has crossed and intercrossed until the resulting nursery
Is worth many thousands of dollars.
Out into the open Pacific again,
then turning north eaBt through
Broken Channel we come to Tofino
where the Columbia Fisheries operate and the Clayoquot Sound Canning Co. do a big business    Here Is
a regular Indian fishing village ani
through the whols of the long summer the sea for miles aronnd is
dotted with the small fasolins beets
of the Indian fishing fleet
In 'the Clayoquot district, M.000
acres of agricultural land have been
surveyed by the government, bnt se
far only 4,000 have bem pre-empted.
The land is good ln patches but tw
clearing is very heavy and there u
much cedar-swamn. It is, llw nss-
dents say, one of the nbeopeet places
in the world to live in. as nature
provides most of the larder.
Trout and Silverchar In the
streams and lakes inland, salmon,
pilchard, herring, rock-cod, halibut
skil, bass, etc., and every sort oi
shell-fish on the coast. Geese,
grouse, duck, ptarmigan, snipe,
quail, sandhill-crane, plover, rail
and even swan if yeu are anything
of a shot.
For heavier meat there la alwaya
the ubiquitous black-tailed deer,
varied by bear-steak; and fer trapping, wolf, cougaf, wolverine, lynt
coon, beaver, fox, otter, mink ana
marten.
There are enough wild benr
fruits to provide jam aU the yea*
round, so all the old-timer buys from
the store is his sack of -flour, sugar
and tea.
Between the Islands Vargas and
Meares, past one of the most beautiful stretches of sandy beach on
the Pacific Coast (quite unknown).
At Clayoquot where the Union Flsh-
erics Co. are putting up a cold storage plant for a million fish, past
Christie's there is a Roman Catholle
school for Indian children.
At Ahousat there ls another H»
Indian settlement and it ls the custom of the Indians to migrate with
their entire families every year to
Rivers Inlet on the mainland for tha
salmon fishing.
They are landed from the shin fata
their dug-outs with their children,
their dogs and all the junk appertaining thereto, stoves, stove-pipes,
old hats, oilcloth, teapots, dried skint
and weapons of war.—H. G.-W.    *
 KMJ-MU
S. T. HULL
Established 1910
RealEgtate and Insurance
Resident Agent Grand Forki Towniite
Oomp
Urn!
ompany, limited
Parma     Orchards    City Property
Agenti at' Nelion, Calgary, Wlhnlpcg and
otlier Prairie polnti. Vancouver Agents:
PKNDEK INVESTMENTS
B ATTKNBUHY LANDS LTD.
Batab.l-hed.nl910.weare ln a (Million to
lurnl-h reliable Information concerning thli
dlltrlot.
Write lor Iree literature.
PICTURES
AND PICTURE FRAMIN8
Furniture Made to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinds.
Upholstering Neatly   Don
R. G. McCOTCBBON
WINNING AVIWI
THE HUB—Bring your boot
and shoe repairs to my
shop for neat and prompt
work. Look for the big
boot.-GEO.   ABMSON
Synopsis of
I Land Act Amendments
INSURANCE
40c per $100
SELLING—4-room  house, 3 lots,
for $6501 central.
The Fruit Lands Exchange
J. C. KNIGHT, MANAGER
Barlee'a Former Office
Counter
CheckBooks
We have secured the
agency for Grand
Forks of a large
Western Publishing
House which manufactures a superior
grade of Counter
Check Books—carbon back and carbon
leaf styles.
Prices Are Right
Encourage Western
enterprises and keep
Western money in
the West.
Any Quantity
from 100 up to 2500
books.
The Sun
Job Department
Our
Hobby
Minimum price
reduced te IT an a
WO an ear*.
Pre-emption no
ot Int.
Records will be granted ww Ing aamr
Und soluble for agricultural r	
end which le non-timber I
Partnership prs-esaptta	
but parties of not. more Usui four i
■sr&t's.
ni.ii.eair tal
is
Good
Printing
# »
rpIIE value ot well-
printed* neat appearing stationery as
a meansof getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
elsewhere.
Wedding invitations
Ball programs
Busineqp cards
Visiting cards
ShV ing tags
Letterheads
Statements
Noteheads
Pamphlets
Price lists
Envelopes
Billheads
Circulars
Dodgers
Posters
Menus
And commercial and
society printing of every
description.
Let us quote you our
prices.
New Type
Latest Style]
Faces
THE SUN
Columbia Avenue and
Lake Street
TELEPHONE
R101
tbea re-*** and make liiipujwmau le
vale* etttt per more, Inohrftas <£sr-
Ing end cultivation of »t leasts i
timer* reoelvlag Crown Ona*.    -
Where pre-emptor la oeeapauoa eel
taa* tban I years, aad has made **re-
partteaeu Implements, be Btf-r.%0-
cauee at UM-—•*"**- — *3***— rr?1 wr
granted Intci
-„- nti
. Meet i as
without   i
 be Issued. „ __. ___
eaat makes Improvements te extern
1100 Par aenum and resorts taste a
     Failure to make lisssm iiemls
^^^^     '    operate as ler-
: be obtained tn
or record Same win
felture.    Title oannot        ___.,	
Ism than _> years, and Iraproveroeets
at 110.00 per aero. Including **
tmtsttt and cultivated,
et at least S roars ara n
Pre-emptor hoMtng arow* grant
mar record another pre-iisgllnn. tt ho
requires land In conjunction wlih his
(arm, without actual oocapetlon, provided statutory Impru rem ants made
and reeldeaoe maintained aa Crowa
■ranted land. *s
Unsurvopsd areas, not exceeding SO
dU-fiog'Vasree
tm%*XU^
_ *_****_■   arant
acres, msy be it _ .
title to bo obtained attar lUMMaf rat
dentlal and Improvement conditions.
Wer graslng and Indastrtat
—   O-fflssillng
aaed br one person"or uuiusaar."
Mill, factory or todaatrlaTsltea on
timber land  not  sxooodlag  to *******
mar M purohased; oondlttons bt
pa/meat of stampaao,
Natural hay aisaliss
bgr existing roads mar I
eondlUonaTuBco oonstrec
to tbem7Bebate_of one-!
prloe. Is made.
PM-KHPTOM* JMI
ACT.
Tb«.
ttRANTS
tag wttb _
ttae within
of a dec
for title
B for
ror one _ _.	
person,  aa foneertp,  am
alter the eoaolwtee ef the praesat
This prtvflegs is sew madsrS-
traacUve.
No foes
due or j
Taxatf are .
Provlstoa
■cor^after janoW. fltt!
roaoftOod Ita ave so-ifs.'
Istoa far return of ********* tm-
4. UfA 1S£5? tmfm\\\wm\m,r*J^
t, lilt, on eooount or persona^ fate
or taxes oa soldiers' pri naiiflens.
Interest en agreements <
town ar eltr lots hsM br
Allied -Pones, or depot *
direct or IndMot, rea
list-net* to Man* «, I
sua-puHCHASKRa or crown
LANDS*
Crown
Crown
its to
panto t
Lands, i
urs who
purchase. Involving forfc.
Ailment of conditions of interest and taxsa.  Where sab-p
era do not data whole of orl
eel, purchase price due and I
bo   distributed   pn
whole  area.      Aim
made br May i,TlftS.
QRAZlNO,
Act, »10, for
-"j-taAJufiifitVj*
Graslng ____
development i	
video for graslng districts and
ad-alfilstrn-lon   under   Conualaslo
Annual graslng permits taoodto	
onnumbers ranged; priority ftr established   owners.     Mode-own
form Associations for rai
ment.   Free, et partiaar I
for settlers.	
to ten bead.
NEW HARNESS SHOP
I have opened a new harness, shop and am prepared
to make harness to order
and do all kinds of repair
work. Shop equipped with
modern machinery. All work
guaranteed:
C. Ae Crawford
Neur TeUphan* Oftee

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.xgrandforks.1-0342100/manifest

Comment

Related Items