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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Apr 22, 1921

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 •**. ,   '--.
the center of Grand Forks valley, the
premier fruit growing district of
Southern British Columbia. Mining
and lumbering are also important
industries in districts contiguous to
the oity.
Legislative Library
$>v      tetatTM rft
•} \&s
Kettle Valley Orchardist
THF SON i9 the favurite new*"
1 Ulil IJULl paper of the citizens
of the district. It is read by more
people in the city and valley than any
other paper because it is fearless, reliable, clean, bright and entertaining.
It is always independent but never
"Tell me what you Know is true:
1 can flueu u well as you,"
$1.00 PER YEAR
Will Reach Perfection
in That Length of Time
or Perish
Head of an ancient house and of a
new cult, Lord Clifford of Cbud-
leigh, perhaps the most uuconven-
tional and picturesque of British
peers, recently has proclaimed hitn«
elf a prophet. Nor does he think
himself • minor prophet, for Lord
Clifford can foresee, or thinks he
can,   events   which will occur forty
thousand yean hence. He has drawn j pjtjt TTVATTON C\W
up a. complete time chart for the old
ws have an antocracy which ends in
a government of artistocracy— "not
hereditary, but formed from the best
and most competent men witnin the
Prom 1700 A.D. to 3000 A.D.
there will be federation and devolu-
tion in government, and in the next
1300 years democracy will be confined to local administration, aris
tocracy to national, and a league of
nations will control the world, although :t be will nearly 2500 years
before we get that league.
Crime, it is nol surprising to learn,
in view Jof these prolonged purple
patches, will not be ended until
somewhere about 17,500 A.D. Perfect administration comes about
20,000 A.D., and perfect joy-tbe
heaven on earth—by 40,000 A. D.
or thereabouts. Provided, always,of
course, that the human race has not
meanwhile committed suicide.
earth from tbe fluid epoch ere mat
ter took upon itself a solid form, up
to the coming of that   "heaven on
earth" he foresees, in that glad  future.
It hns taken just about 200,000,-
000 years, he says, to get us to tbis
period which we call the twentieth
century, and out of all this time he
, thiols man has had a mere 2,000,-
000 years. The next 40,000 years,
it seems, will determine mankind's
By the year 40,000 AD., tbis aristocratic seer declares, we shall have
attained to that earthly paradise  or
wa aball    bave   become   extinct
'•''**flifVv     * *'*' *       :
through failure to meet the demands
of evolution.
The prophet peer has worked out
our fate along a mathematical revolutionary curve. It la a fascinating
but a fearful vision as he sees it.
Lord Clifford spires us nothing.
Kingdoms are to go. Old systems
are to pass away. New tyrannies
are to arise. New terrors are to awe
For the next 2000 years or more
the world will not cease to be torn
by wars. The really effective league
of nations will be set up only after
many failures. Class will fight with
class. Nation will wage battle
against nation with the weapons of
deceit and cruelty. Trade, gteed,
personal ambition will cause bloodshed as in days gone by.
In the end all will be well, but
before right's triumph over wrong
is firmly and forever assured there
will be terrific times for man.
Lord Clifford's "theology of creation" is a very modern ooneeption
of religion expressed in terms of elec
trioal science.
The most startling phase of it is
bii conception of the trinity. Here
it is:
Qod, the father—an iuisible wave
Of electricity; tbe third and unknown
' eleotron.
God, the mother— an invisible
wave of negative electricity.
God, the Holy Ghost—an invisible wave of positive electricity.
".. Genesis has thus been rewritten in
electrical terms. Life, says Lord
Clifford, is an elctribal currant passing through matter.
Religion will take ten thousand
years to efolve into its .final soien-
tific form of 'perfect chivalry, and,
presumably,another thirty thousand
before it will be universally observed. '.-.    •
War will not cease for many millenniums. From 5000 to 15,000 A.
J), men will be busy trying to end
lhe sorry business of keeping the
population within porper limits by
ttie simple method of blowing eaoh
otner to pieces.
Hen have looked upon democracy
as the salvation of the world. Lord
Clifford will bave none of it. Democracy is doomed.    With it gone
Itis a well known fact that growth
in the orchard tree is made during
the months of June and July, after
which the growth fills out and
ripens. It is also known that early
cultivation stimulates growth. The
loosening up of the earth aids in the
warming of the soil and makes it
possible for soil organisms whicb
liberate plant food to become active
earlier; air will penetrate better and
these organisms will become active
to a greater depth than if cultivation
is not given. Hence the importance
of early spring cultivation to fur
nish suitable soil conditions for the
tree and the organisms upon which
the tree is dependent for the liberation of plant food.
Uncultivated areas may be made
suitable for tbe tree by supplying
nitrogen in an available form early
through the use of nitrate oi soda
and by using a mulch to conserve
moisture, but on tbe whole the practice most suitable for general orch*
ard areas is early cultivation foi
lowed by frequent cultivation at intervals of a week or ten days to tbe
middle of June or July 1, after
whicb orchard cultivation should
The first cultivation may be shal
low plowing, four or five inches
deep, after wbich surfaoe cultiva
tion with the disc and smoothing
haarow to maintain a surface mulch
of fine earth is all that is required,
Deep cultivation is not desirable, as
the feeding roots naturally grow in
tbe'surface soil and deep cultivation
may injure them. Shallow cultivation prevents tbe formation of a
surface crust, tbus checking execs-
sive evaporation of moisture and re*
taining it for continuous growth of
fruit, and insuring a proper moisture supply for the tree later in the
season. As soon as the ground is dry
enough after rain it. wise to start
the barrow, producing .hereby a dust
After the middle oh June a cover
crop should be seeded to occupy the
ground in the fall, wake up excess
plant food, and develop humus for
the following spring. The. common
vetch seeded at the rate of IJ bush-
lets per acre is tbe beet cover crop,
This jilant can extract nitrogen from
the air and increase the store of ni
trogen as s result. This crop makes
vigorous growth on most soils, but
will do better if the soil is limed
It is a crop fairly easily turned un
der, and it is satisfactory, at picking
time, as it flattens down after making considerable growth. This cover
crop may be plowed under in the
fall or not until the following spring,
but tbe .usual practice is to fall
plow and work wit^ the disc harrow in the spring, which is considered tbe beet method.
The area close, to the base of the
They're beginning to
write postscripts to their
Germany Is Guilty and
Must Atone to Full Extent of Her Gapacity,
Essence of U. S. Reply
London, April 22.—Tbe London
Times, in au editorial on theLymp-
ne meeting, says:
"Some Germans appear still to
cling to the hope that America will
view with favor tbeir dilatory and
evasive pleas. They forget, or they
ignore, Mr. Hughes' note of March
29 and its confirmation in President
Harding's message.
"Mr. Hughes, it is true, uttered
pious wish for fresh negotiations
and the pious hope that they might
lead to a prompt settlement, but tbe
essence of his reply to the German
case is that Germany is guilty and
that Germany must atone for her
guilt to the full limit of her capacity.
"There is every reason to believe
thiB is the judgment of American
opinion. Shrewd Americans have
been struck by the resemblance between the methods resorted to by
Germany in order fo delay or avoid
payment and tbe methods familiar
to American courts employed by
trusts when attempting to carry
through fraudulent bankruptcy.
"America does not favor tbose
methods. She would not feel respect
for weak-kneed leniency towards
them on tb» part of the allies, while
the Germans would naturally despise us if we allowed them to swindle us. She will have to pay what
the allies and their associates determine abe ought to pay."
Two German machine guns, tro
phies of the great w*r, arrived in
the city on Saturday from tbe department of militia, Ottawa. Tbey
arefat present stored in the city hall.
Hon. T. D. Pattullo, After
Inspecting Scheme, Ex-
Work Done
If we were really to get what is
coming to us, we would all be clam -
oring loudly for a chunge in administration.
tree laoks better if kept well cultivated, but the cultivation of this
area is not necessary and very often
much injury is done to the main
roots from plowing too deeply close
around the tree. It usually is better
to leaye this space untoucbed and
keep the grass cut to give a neat appearance.
Following an inspection of the
situation on the southern soldier
lands, says the Penticton Herald,
Hon. T. D. Pattullo left on Sunday
last to return to Victoria.
Prior to leaving on tbe morning
traiu the minister of public lands
stated that a heavy program of
wok would be undertaken on the
tract this year. He pointed out that
this year's appropriation lor tbe
project waa $750,000.
It has not yet been decided as to
bow the work will be carried out,
Col. Griffin, contractor for tbe work
last year on a cost plus basis, beld
several conferences with the minister, but Hon. Mr. Pattullo was not
prepared to announce what decision
bad been reached. It is assumed
that either Col. Griffin will under
take this year's program witb his
complete equipment on tbe ground
or the government will continue the
policy carried out all winter of doing
the work directly under control of
its engineer, F. H, Latimer. The
present force on tbe project is about
eighty men, but it is.believed tbat
this will be swelled to about 300 by
Work is to open up on the area
about the first of May, according to
present indications.
In addition to the activity on the
reclamation ech me, there will also
be construction work on tbe Koote
nay power line northwards, as well
as on tbe projected extension of tbe
Kettle Valley railway. TheBe three
undertakings should mean the em
ployment during the summer of
anywhere from 400 to 500 men in
the district tributary to Penticton.
The government plans to have
3300 acres ready for the market by
fall. This in addition to the area
already on the market, or sold to
intending settlers, means 4500 acres
for settlement before the end of the
year. That amount is about one
third of the total acreage capable of
being irrigated for fruit, seed or
vegetable culture.
Hon. Mr. Pattullo declares tbat he
is greatly pleased with the ouilook
in the south, and considers that tbe
whole development scheme means
theopening up of the finest land of
its kind to be found anywhere.  He
is particularly taken with the growth
of tbe young town of Oliver, and
ook forward to a fine future for tbis
bustling young city.
A Serious Operation
Will Be Necessary
Some time ago J. B. McLeod, of
McLeod & Hodgson's, began to he
bothered witb a numbness in bis
rlgbt arm. He attributed tbe feeling to writer's cramp, but as tbe ailment continued to grow worse instead of giving any indication of
improving, he decided to go to Vancouver and consult a specialist.
Monday Mr, McLeod retorned
from the coast. He stated that while
in Vancouver he had consulted three
specialists, and all of them had attributed bis ailment to a growth on
the brain, whicb, if unchecked,
would finally result in the total
paralysis of one side of the body
One of the doctors stated that he
knew of a successful operation hav
ing been made in England for a
similar malady.
Mr. McLeod left last night accom
panied by his wife and young son
Bruce for Rochester, Minn., where
be will submit to an operation at tbe
Mayo Brothers hospital. In tbe
opinion of the Vancouver specialists,
either one of three results may be
expected from the operation—a
complete cure in six weeks, paralysis
of thf body, or it may prove fatal.
Death of Mrs. McLennan
Mrs. H. W. McLennan, aged
about 35 years, died at the Riverside hospital Saturday night of a
hemorrhage shortly after giving
birth to a child. The family came
here from Pboenix, and bave only
resided in tbe city for about a year.
The passing is a particularly pathetic case, as deceased is survived
by two young children and her husband besides the infant born Saturday night.
The funeral was held Monday
afternoon from Cooper's undertaking parlors, and interment was made
in Evergreen cemetery.
The following is the minimum
and maximum temperature for each
day during the past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on E. V. Laws' ranch:
Max.    Min
April 15—Friday    46        37
16—Saturday   55        38
17- Sunday  60        38
18—Monday    53        31
19—Tuesday  55        35
20—Wednesday .. 53        37
21- Thursday  54 38
Rainfall 75
Newly Organized Improve
ment District Will 3e
leet  Its  First   Officers
Next Thursday
The first election of five trustees
for the newly gazetted Grand Forks
Irrigation District will be held next
Thursday, April 28, at the office of
the district, corner Second and Main
stteetB. Nomiations close at 12 noon
and if a poll is necessary the e'ection
will be adjourned to Saturday
April 30, wben it will be taken be*
tween tbe hours of 10 a.m. and 4
p.m. Alan It. Mudie is tbe returning officer. For full particulars see
the official notice on the fourth
page of issue.
Crowds Flock to Ministers' Offices to Get
Berths on the Liquor
Control Board
Victoria, April 18.—The bootleggers should take warning, as the
liquor board will be in full operation
in Victoria, Vancouver and other
parts of the province befoje most
people believe possible.
This is the word given out by the
members of the board after their
session Saturday.
It was decided Saturday to speed
everything possible in connection
with tbe operations of the liquoi
board, because it was reported that
the bootlegger is running practically
unchecked in this province at present. The members ofthe board also
learned tbat not only is the health
of the people being endangered by
the operations of the bootleggers,
but the province is losing an immense revenue every day tbe operation of the liqnor board is delayed
and bootleggers have control of the
liquor field.
One hnndred and fifty applications were received Saturday from
persons who wish to place tbeir services at tbe disposal of the liquor
board. This number brings tbe
total of applications for liquor jobs
to over 2000.
Crowds of men also flock to the
legislative buildings and jam the
offices of ministers and other officials
whom they think might have some
pull in getting them liquor jobs.
Many men who say they are "on
the inside," today appeared with
testimonials as to their experience
and fitness in filling liquor jobs.
Officials of tbe Victoria chamber
ot commerce have protested against
the proposal to make Vancouver the
distributing center for all of the
liquor business of the province.
The board bas asked for complete
freight and express rates of all rail
way companies. Distribution of
liquor will be made from tbe most
economical points, so tbat consumers will always be sure of getting
their liquor at the lowest costs.
J. 11. Falconer is expected to live
in Vancouver, as it in considered
necessary for one member of the
commission to be in touch with the
traffic radiating from that center.
Sauce for the Gander
A Grand Forks merchant drove
into a local garage the other day
with a new car.
"Where did you buy tho car?"
asked tbe proprietor of tbe garage.
"In Spokane," replied Mr. Merchant.
The garage man turned around to
the telephone.
"Hello, is that you, friend wife?
Well, you know tbat costly cloak
you bought at Mr. Merchant's store
yesterday? I want you to take it
back and to tell tbem that you do
not want it."
"Now, Mr. Merchant," he said,
as he bnng up the receiver, "if you
can afford to buy your cars in Spo.
kane, we can buy our clothes in the
same ctty."
The cloak went back.
When there is nothing to be said
some persons are kept busy a week
saying it.
When you get the worst of it
don't keep it, but trade it of)' for
something better. THE   SUN,   QRAND   FORKS,   B. C.
3te (Srattft Stoka g»utt
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) $1.00
One Year (in the United States)  1.50
Address -M ~—■•v-'cations to
The Graud Forks Sun,
Phonb 101R Grand Forks, B. C.
selves automatically. The Shylocks would be
without a market for their money, and would
be forced to work for adiving and thus' cease
to be parasites on those who toil. If governments, corporat'ons and private individuals
were not so hopelessly entangled in debt to
the money sharks society would be more restful and there would be fewer Bolshevists
FRIDAY, APRIL 22,  1921
Gettiug what doesn't belong to them and
making "t belong to them is what makes some
men rich.
One or two men appear to have "gone up
in the air" over what we said last week about a
central packing houae. It is gratifying to learn
that they got started in that direction, because if they had taken the oppossite way they
undoubtedly would have had some difficulty
in altering their course. And yet we did not
say one word that could be construed as not
favoring the enterprise. Caution was advocated by our remarks, and on this point we
can see no reason now for changing our views.
A central packing house is essential to the
valley, bnt it would be unwise to build be
yond the present means or requirements of the
community. To raise every penny that can be
raised in the valley and to put it all into a
building could only end in disaster. Money
will be needed for equipment and to market
the crop. Where is it to come from? The
ranchers will need every dollar they can raise
borrowing and otherwise to install the irrigation system—the government only brings the
water up to the farm boundary, and it will
require cash to distribute it over the land.
The business community has very nearly been
milked dry in subscribing for public enterprises. The only other other alternative is the
banks, hut we have been told that banks refuse to finance enterprises of this nature.
Government control of the liquor traffic will
soon be in active operation in British Colum
tea. If the western states had the right of
self-determination, there is no reason why we
should not be able to annex Washington, Oregon California to our province before snow
fles next fall. That would give us irrigating
stations all the way down to the Panama
Some people can't help being funny. They
are the sort that never think of trying to draw
a salary for it.
Personally we believe that the cannery
building could be turned into a packing house
for a year or two, or until the fruit yield in the
valley is augmented by irrigation. We have
been told that the building is unsuited for a
packing house. But it has over twice the floor
space of all the packing house in which thc
crops of the valley have been packed in past
years, and required alteratiohs in the building
could easily be made.
If an enterprise is too weak to stand unaided on its own merit, it usually falls to the
ground. And it is only .right that it should
fall. Commercial and industrial undertakings
seeking bonuses lack confidence in their abili
ty to attain success, and from this very cause
fail. Theatrical attractions aud chautauquas
seeking guarantees are, as a rule, too weak to
face the public, and they send out their advance fakirs to secure guarantees. Those who
guarantee them a certain amount of business
are invariably stung. This is because companies of this class are composed of amateurs.
It is sometimes claimed that chautauquaes are
educational. We have seen many of these or
ganizations that could have been instructed
by the primary class in our public school. It
is a money-making scheme pure and simple,
and when' these companies accept guarantee
money in lieu of a deficit in gate receipts they
take that which they have not rightfully
One way to learn how- to spend money ju
diciously is to first earn it.
We have also been told that the cannery
building should never have been  mentioned
in connection with the packing house project.
We consider it an analogous case. If the local
promotors of the cannery had used their own
common sense and made use of the old building on the grounds for a cannery, and taken
the money put into the new building for equipment and operating expenses, the chances are
that there would be one more dividend-paying
innustry in Grand Forks today and the bnsi
ness men of the city would not have money
which is needed to carry on their business
tied up in a vacant building.   Instead of do
ing this, an imported "hot air" artist was engaged at a high salary.    The result was in
evitable.   Today  we  have a  huge building
minus a cannery.   It is against fiascos of this
nature ihat The Sun desires to warn the community, because they they do an  incalculable
amount of damage in retarding the development of the district. Any one who think that
Tha Sun does favor development of the community to the fnll  capability of the district
has been  listening  too attentively to a false
disciple who is too much interested in putting
the paper in a false light.
Our office has begun to be flooded with
prospectuses from mushroom concerns dealing in Fort Norman oil stocks. We would advice these concerns to save their postage. We
have arrived at the conclusion that it will be
cheaper to buy the oil we may need, even if
we have to pay $5 per gallon for it, than it
would be to attempt to transport it from Fort
•.man to Grand Forks by airplane.
Why not call it Sunshade park, to protect
the people from the rays of the new slogan?
Washington, April 18.—Not far
from April 16 a cold wave will come
into the Alaskan northern Rockies
and will soon thereaftei cover Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and
northeastern British Columbia. Tbis
will be an important and dangerous
cold wave, carrying frosts farther
south tban usual. The Apiil cold
waves will be mucb like those of
March, the laet one f the Apri
freezes occuring during the week
centering on April 18 near meridian
90; a little earlier farther west and a
little later east of meridian 90.
On   account of tbe season being
later, these April frosts will  not go
so far Bouth as did tbose in   March.
The average time of last lulling frosts
in Washington state and the north
ern Rockies varies greatly.   Preced
ing and following this great high, or
cold  wave, the   lows, or storm centers, will go to tbe other aod equally
great extremes.  This cold wave and
ite s'orm centers belong to tbe   si
vere storms predicted for   the  week
centerticg   on   April   23, for which
increased rains and charges of loca
tion   have been  predicted.   These
rains,   however,   are    expected   to
reach two thirds of tbe continent.
There are people who spend so
much time telling what they can
tbat there is none left in which to
make a demonstration.
lt is restful to listen to the man
who never speaks.
Spending money before it has been earned
is perhaps the greatest evil of the present
generation.   With backwoods country munici
palities, with precarious assets, with a bonded
indebtedness frequently running up to a mil
lion dollars; with provincial governments with
debts of hundreds of millions, and with a national debt of many billions of dollars, the
child that i.s borh today enters thc world under a heavy handicap.   The chances are that
he will be working for a "dead horse" all his
life, and then, after a life of useful toil, dying
indebted  to the world several thousand dol
lars.    If people could learn to defer spending
money until alter they have earned it a great
many wrongs in this world would right them-
In response to numerous enquiries that
have been received since the discovery of oil
in western Canada, the department of the interior at Ottawa has just published a report
entitled "Oil and Gas in Western Canada."
This report contains a description of the area,
a resume of the progress of development in
the oil and gas fields, a synopsis of the petroleum and natural gas regulations governing
the disposal of rights on Dominion lands, and
information regarding provincial legislation
and regulations governing the sale of shares,
stocks, bonds, etc. It is accompanied by a
map of the oil regions of western Canada
showing railways and steamboat routes. The
board of public utility commissioners for the
province of Alberta, the department of mines,
and the mining lands and Yukon branch of
the department of the interior, contributed
valuable statistical information which has been
embodied in the preparation of this report by
the uatural resources intelligence branch ofthe
department of the interior. That specific and
authoritative information on the subject may
now be had will appeal to the prospector,
capitalist, and student of conditions in western
Canada. Copies of this report may be ob
tained free of charge from the superintendent,
natural resources intelligence branch, department of the interior, Ottawa.
Peerless fees are very low for
the dependable, high-standard
quality, just about half thut
charged by the  one chair dentist.
protects yon at all times.
Ask for Dr. Cohen. lam always
here to serve you.
Nature Expression 22k. Bridge-
Nature Expression Plates.
Canadian Bonds snd Canadian
Money Accepted at Full Value
Painless Office"
Rooms 205-6-7-8 9-10-11-12,
2nd Floor, Jamieson Bldg.,
Over Owl Drug
Wall and Riverside
Never take advice of a disinterested person
—it is too apt to be ill-considered. Don't take
thc advice of an interested person—it is apt
to be one-sided.
SelectyourjPoultry Supplies
from the largest and most
complete stock in B. C.   .
Everything for the Poul-
Wire, Fencing and Netting for poultry, farm and
■*>.■,,        B. C. Agents lor
Buckeye, Jubilee, Reliable,
Prairie State and Electric
Incubators and Brooders.
844 Ciunbie St.      Vancouver
the benefits accrued fromits prac
tice is the greatest small-
cost blessing in the world
When any other part of
our nature-apparatus fails
to perform its especial
functions it costs considerable money to get
any relief. When you no
longer enjoy clear-sightedness our optometrist
can locate your eye weakness and furnish you with
theglasses that will bring
back your sight. Satisfactory moderately priced
Jeweller and Optician
Bridge Street Grand Forks
Thoiae wishing neat sign painting
to ornament their business places
should call on W. P. O'Connor, a
returned soldier.
Job Printing at Tbe Sun office at
practically the same prices as before
tbe big war.
Transfer Company
City Baggage and General
Wood and
for Sale
C.V. Meggitt
Real Estate and Insurance
Excellent facilities for Dolling your farm.
We have ageutii at all Co.ist and Prnlrle
Reliable Information rerartlitii. tills illstr'-t
cheerfully furnished. We solicit your in-
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Poultry Supplies
Grand Forks,B.C.
Office  at  R.   F.   Petrie's Store
Phone 64
Modern Ri.u's and Good
Horses at All Hours at
Model Livery Barn
M. H. Burns, Prop.
Phone 68 Second Street
F. Downey's Cigar Store
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty"
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yale Hotel, First Street
Every Place Is
Next Door
The distance may be only a few miles
or it may bc hundreds, but it is next door
if you use your long distance telephone.
The province, or the whole coast for
that matter, is your neighborhood, its
people your neighbors. Your telephone
links to them.    .
special rates between 7 p.m. and 8 a.m.
Of all present-day Sewing Machines.
Why buy* a machine at which you have
to sit in an awkward position, when you
may just as well have one with which it
is a pleasure to sew? The White Rotary
Sit-Strate is just the machine you want.
Sold on easy monthly payments by*
cTVKller <&» Gardner
Complete Home Furnishers THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.
' "l
*   a,
* H
t   ■>•!
,   I*"
(1) The Prince of
river at Paisley
7ales steers a Hydro-Glider on the
la, England.
(2) The Queen and Princeai Maty pay a visit to Oxford, Eng. Miss Jex Blake receiving the Queen at
Lady Margaret Hall, a woman's   College.
}) New Canadian Pacific Railway Office, Rotterdam,
iv\ TS0_i**,L ft* C?XIV* I*1" J"** wantage of
their Easter Holidays to lay & their year's surely of
maple syrup.
J5) New
rjmmJin  Pacific  Railway  Office  at
lolphe Max, Brussels.
'6) Pour sons and a grandson of the late Yuan Shih
."'irr _7e/,,a?',t °* Cnin»> wno *»>*• attending school
In tne United States.
J7*1 iW %*• o*?'1!3?. c?n«*« crew in training at Oxford
for the Ladies' Henley.
View of the Laurence Home and Farm at North  Battleford, Sask
The nature of the experiences of
pioneer farmers In Western Canada
twenty years ago Is exemplified ln
the story of Job Laurence, a farmer
who has found success in Central
Saskatchewan. He and his family
left their home in England ln 1908.
Saskatoon was their "Jumping off"
place. On arriving here they Invested the greater part of their capital
of $800 ln a milk cow, a yoke of
oxen, a wagon, a plow, drag harrows and a few small tools. But as
their capital dwindled their hopes
grew. After all, as Mr. Laurence
says: "Hope is the best capital any
newcomer to a new country can
have." They were now ready for
their three hundred mile trek across
country. With bag and baggage
and their newly acquired outfit they
left Saskatoon on May 1, 1903, and
made for that part of the country
of which the enterprising town of
Lloydminster is now the centre.
But here they did not stay. The
great distance from the railway and
the poor prospects of their obtaining
any work in this district, which at
that time was very sparsely settled,
was not very encouraging. They,
therefore, came east again as far
as Battleford and looked for land
in the surrounding country. It was
near Battleford that they finally
located about the middle of 1903 on
the farm they now occupy.
, They built a sod stable, which
proved to be so shady and cool after
living two or three months In tents
thatthey moved into it themselves.
Haying time now having arrived
they cut with a scythe, or an "arm-
strong mower" as Mr. Laurence puts
it, twenty-two tons of hay. By this
time it was necessary to think about
winter quarters. Logs were cut and
a house sixteen by twenty-four was
built. The roof of this house was
made of "prairie shingles" (sod from
the prairie) and proved to be comfortable and warm in the winter and
cool in summer. But no land was
broken that summer.
In the winter that followed they
lost one of their oxen. The other
was sold in the spring and a team
of light horses bought. These proved
however, to be too light for the
breaking plow and it was possible
to break only ten acres of land on
the Laurence farm the second summer. "I would strongly advise al.
those who want to farm in Western
Canada to put everything aside during the breaking season, and break
every possible acre in May and
June," Mr. Laurence says. "If the
breaking season is allowed to slip
by a year is practically lost."
For two years Saskatoon, a hundred miles away was their nearest
point, and "to keep the pot boiling" the Laurences did considerable
"freighting" between Battleford and
Saskatoon. In 1905 the railway
At the beginning of tho fourth
year insthe country of their adoption
they had seventy-five acres of land
ready for seeding. Sixty acres were
seeded to wheat and fifteen to oat?.
With a sample of the wheat thev
grew that year they won the first
prize at the first seed grain fair held
at North Battleford.
With one hundred and fifty acrea,
in crop the following year, tha
Laurences felt that they were now
real farmers. Their pioneering days
were over and thev could face tha
future with confidence. Sinee that
time they have broken more land
eaeh year and have simmer-fallow*
ed when needed. I'rosjiprity hai
come to Ihem slowlv but surely and
they have been nble to add to tha'
size of their farm by the purchase
of adjoining lnnd. From the beginning they have always had soma
livestock, and practically their first
investment on their arrival at Se*.
katoon was in a milk cow and a
calf. In fact, they are still milk-
ing a cow that is the off-spring of
the calf bought during those early
days. For a number of yenrs the
Laurences raised on their farm all
their heavy work-horses, and have
had a few heavy colts to sell besides,
Since 1911 they have threshed their
grain with their own machine and
have also contracted to do threshing for other people, thus adding
considerably to their income.
Before coming to Canada neither
of the Laurences had ever worked on
a farm.
They have now a home that compares favorably with city dwellings
of the same size. With' a hot and
cold water system up and downstairs, electric light nnd local and
long distance telephones in the
house and their automobile r"dv to
take them wherever they want to
•To, they fun' th.i* the citv tl-vellei
has no advantage ovet them. THE   SUN.   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C,
News of the City
W K. Gwyer, road euperinten
dent for diatrict No. I, Assistant
Engineer Phillips, Victoria, of the
publio works department, and In
speotor of Bridges Kilpatrick were
in the Gateway City yesterday.
Tbey inspected tbe roads and
bridges in tbe district and went ovtr
tbat portion of Winnipeg avenue
whicb, according to present plans,
will form a link in the transpro-
vincial highway. The Yale bridge,
wbich is badly in need of beig rebuilt, was also inspected by the vi«
iting officials.
A telegram received bere from
Victoria today says lhat Thomas
Alexandej Taggart has been ap*
pointed sheriff for Yale electoral
disurict. Mr. Taggart is a returned
soldier who lost a leg in France. He
came to tbis city recently from Alberta.
Ben   Norris   visited    Okanagan
points this week.
H. \V. Young and family have
moved from tbeir suburban bome to
tbe Presbyterian manse in Winni
peg avenue.
Linn Clark has been eppointed to
take charge of tbe Greenwood and
Midway Presbyterian churches for
tbe summer months.
At the provincial annual of the
I.O.D.E , held in Victoria this week,
Mrs. C. M. Dingston and Mrs. Jeff
Davis were elected provincial councillors.
Mrs. C. M. Kingston is attending
tbe provincial annual of tbe 1.0.U.
E in Victoria this week.
A local Granby official is said to
have made a Very bright remark
when a citizen suggested to him
that tbe provincial government acquire the Granby smelter for a pub
lie institution. Tbe citizen wanted
to know what, in tbe opinion of tbe
official, the buildings were best
adapted for. Tbe reply was rather
staggering: "Tbey would make a
good old men's bome, a safe penl
tenitentiary, or an ideal lunatic
asylum, and you can take your
choice of tbese institutions." Dis.
carding levity, however, there is no
reason why the old smelter should
not make a good lunatic asylum.
Tbere are doubtless many iron
"nuts" yet in the building which
would form a nucleus for a colony
of inmatee. More could easily be
gathered up around towu.
Effective April 27tb, 1921, passenger train 255 and 256 will run triweekly between Marcus and Oroville.
Leave Marcus Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Leave Oroville
Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays
No change in time of departure.
Great Nothern Railway Co.
Jobn McKie, of tbe Boundary
Iron Works, made a business trip
to Trail tbis week.
According to the Si. C. Gazette,
Neil McCallum has been appointed
public administrator for Grand
Forks, vice Donald McCallum.
SEALED TENDERS will be received by the
DiKttict  Forester,  Nelson, nol later than
noon ou tbe 2nd  day of May, 1921. for the
purchase of Lioense X3081. near Eholt, to cut
6.060 lineal feet of Poles, 1850 Hewn Ties and
110 cords Cordwood.
Three years will be allowed tor removal of
Further pacticulars of the Dlatriet Forester,
Nelson, B. O.
NOTICE is hereby given to the Electors of the Grand Forka Irrigation
District that, under the provisions of
Letters Patent dated April 12th,
1921, tbere will be an election of
Five Trustees to the District, at 12:30
p.m., on Thursday, April 28th, 1921,
at the office of the District, Lot 9,
Block 10, Registered Plan No. 23,
City of Grand Forks,corner of Second
and Main streets.
Nominations shall be delivered to
the Returning Officer before 12 noon,
on Thursday, April 28th, 1921. In
the event of a poll being necessary,
the election will be adjourned and
such poll will be held at the above-
mentioned office, between the hours
of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. on Saturday,
April 30th, 1921.
Every candidate, proposer, and
seconder shall, before the time of
closing nominations, make a declaration before the Returning Officer that
he is entitled to have hia name entered on the voters' list of the said
District. For this purpose the Returning Officer will be present at the
above office between the hours ol 10
a.m and 12 noon, Thursday, April
28th, 1921.
Nominations shall comply with the
requirements of Scheule B of the 1920
Amendment of the Water Act 1914.
Schedule B, above mentioned, can
be seen at the residence of tbe Returning Officer, at the office of the
Water Rights Branch, Government
Building, Grand Forks, or at the
office of the Secretary, Irrigation
Returning Officer.
Residence: Two miles east of town.
Phone 124 M.
Only Tablets with "Bayer Crews"
are Aspirin—No others I
If yon don't see the "Bayer Crott"
on the tablets, refuse them—they are
sot Aspirin at all
Insist on genuine "Bayer Tablets of
Aspirin" plainly stamped with the safety
"Bayer Cross'1—Aspirin prescribed by
physicians for nineteen years and proved
safe by millions for Headache, Toothache, Earache, Rheumatism, Lumbago,
Colds,   Neuritis,   and   Pain   generally.
Handy tin boxes of 12 tablets—also
larger "Bayer" packages. Made in
Aspirin is the trade mark (registered
in Canada), of Bayer Manufacture of
Monoaceticacidester of Salicylicacid.
While it is well known that Aspirin
means Bayer manufacture, to assist the
public against imitations, the Tablets of
Bayer Company, Ltd., will be stamped
with their general trade mark, tke
•■-Bayer Cross? "~lr
C. A. Crawford bas purchased
Andrew Johnson's property on
Wellington avenue.
SEALED TENDERS will be received by the
District Forester, Nelson, not later rhan
noon on the 2nd day of May, 1921, tor the
purchase of Licence X30-2,n ear Bholt, to
cut 1000 Hewn Ties and 100 oords Cordwood.
One year will be allowed far removal of
Further partlculnrs of the District Forester,
.Nelson, B G.
Nominationand declaration papers
can be had from the Returning Officer or Mr. Fred Clark after noon
Monday, April 25th.
Wanted, man to take a contract
to clear about four acres of land,
Apply Al. Traunweiser, Yale hotel.
Padlock Safety Paper.for private
bankchecks, kept in stock by Tbe
Sun Job Department.
Nearly all authorities on Canadian
immigration concur in the opinion
that the very best immigrants that
have eome to Canada from foreign
countries are those from Iceland.
Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, and
lt is a very gratifying feature of
the tide finding its way to our shores
that it still contains a substantial
proportion of these peoples, whilst
a handsome contribution of this
same fine stock is annually donated
by the United States.
Physically of a sturdy, handsome
type thc Scandinavian peoples are
found, almost without exception, to
be cleanly, industrious, and progressive In every respect, making the
most desirable class of citizens and
being numbered among the most
successful and prosperous farmers
the Dominion posseses. Education
is widespread in their native countries, and they come to Canada Imbued with the Bame high ideals of
learning and culture. There is no
language problem with them as they
are eager to master English and to
develop all  the requisites of com-
?lete and successful citizenship,
hey employ the new tongue without embarrassment and learn
The Scandinavian races are the
most readily assimilable of Canada's
immigrants mixing freely and readily with the Anglo-Saxons, intermarrying, and avoiding the handicap
which colony settlement gives to the
progress of foreign people. They
are deeply religious, adherents of
the Lutheran faith for the most
part, and churches spring up wherever settlement takes place with
social life centring there. A highly
sociable people they have their own
social and political organizations
wherever settlement warrants this,
and their own papers are circulated
throughout Western Canada. From
their first days in Canada they take
deep interest in Dominion politics,
turning readily to matters of fjov-
ernment. Several have attained the
honors of the provincial legislatures
whilst men of the Scandinavian race
are to be found occupying public offices of every nature in the West.
They are sincere and earnest students,    and    theii*    achievements    in
from Iceland; 20,618 from Norway:
and 28,387 from Sweden. Of the
Scandinavians in Canada 97.82 of
the total are to be found ln the
four Western provinces.
In Manitoba the greater number
of these people centre about the city
of Winnipeg and fow are to bo found
elsewhere   in  thc   province.    Large
Wrnine are remarkable when their settlements are prospering* at Lan-
(1) Immigrants at Calgary.
(2) After a Lutheran Church service at Claresholm, Alberta.
handicap is considered. Several
Rhodes scholars from Manitoba
have been Scandinavians.
The first settlers came to Canada
from Iceland ln the year 1872, but
the real movement began in 1874
when some five hundred left their
native shores for the new continent.
More than fifteen hundred new settlers came ln 1876, settling in Manitoba and North Dakota. Since 1880
they have come to Canada in a more
or less uninterrupted stream from
their northern homes, whilst the
Dominion has received a substantial
number of those who first settled in
various parts of the Western United
States. At the time of the 1911
census there were 49,194 Canadian
citizens who had been born in Norway and Sweden; 7,109 in Iceland;
and 4,397 in Denmark. From 1900
to 1919 there were admitted to Can-
genburg and Stockholm, at Buchan.
an and Wadena in Saskatchewan,
whilst there are also many In ths
Duck Mountains and at Fort Pelley,
Alberta has by far the largest sham
of these people and they are to b«
found all along the Calgary-Edmonton line in some of the most fertile
and prosperous farming communities. In British Columbia where ex.
tensive settlement has taken place
the same pleasing progress is exhibited.
A most gratifying feature of
Scandinavian settlement in Canada
is that it is almost wholly agricultural, and ln the West they will bt
found in the richest and most progressive districts. Whilst retaining
their national individuality, their
customs, language and religion they
are most truly British in sentiment
j   e.ll.,'' were admitted to Can- and intensely patriotic as their fins
ada 6.546 citizens of Denmark; 4,601 contribution to Canada's army evW
■F *•(**•_ rw     lAAlanJ •     0_Tt _S1 O     £ max      XT        _J 1 -raw., * *    * **   _. i
denced. With an inherent realization of their own worth they stand
upright, without embarrassment,
upon their own feet and are absorbed
as Canadians without losing their
fine individual qualities. Clean*
blooded, thrifty, ambitious and hardworking they are of thc best oi
Europe s contribution to a pig
natioD     -  ""***"■ ** • ■    * -r
I am revising my listings oi houses FOR
you -will sell or rent
let me know your price
Land, Houses and Insurance
is thoroughly dependable. It is guaranteed to last for* years of constant
service. Our assortment is varied
and complete. We can furnish an entire service of every requisite of a refined table or single pieces which may
he added to later. You will find our
prices very moderate considering th
quality of onr merchandise.
Expert Wateh Repairing
and   Jeweller
Cycling is easy when you ride the high-grade Bicycles
I sell—the wheels lhat run smoothly year after year. Let
me explain to you my easy sale plan on terms.
First-Class Repair Work done io Blacksmithing* Brazing,
Aluminum Soldering, Oxy-Acetylene Welding, Woodwork, Etc.
J. R. MOOYBOER &Sfr£&ftft
Open Saturday Evening. Till 10 o'Clock
Established 1910
RealEstate and Insurance
Eoildent Agent Qrnml Forki Townsite
im. i    Company, limited
Furniture Made to Order.
.Also Repairing of all Kinds.
Upholstering Neatly   Don
THE HUB—Bring your boot
and shoe repairs to my
shop for neat and prompt
work. Look for the big
boot.—GEO.   ARMSON
Farms     Orchards    City Property
Agenta at' Nel«on, Calgary. Wlhnipce and
other Prairie polnta. Vanoouver Agouti:
Established In 1910. we are In a position to
furnish reliable Information concerning this
Write for tree literature.
40c per $100
SELLING—4-room house, 3 lots,
for $650} central.
The Fruit Lands Exchange
Barlce's Former Office
Check Books
We have secured the
agency for Grand
Forks of a large
Western Publishing
House which manufactures a superior
grade of Counter
Check Books—carbon back and carbon
leaf styles.
Prices Are Right
Encourage Western
enterprises and keep
Western money in
the West.
Any Quantity
from 100 up to 2500
The Sun
Job Department!
npHE value of well-
printed, neat appearing stationery as
a meansof getting and
holding desirable bus-
iness has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
Wedding invitations
Ball programs
Business cards
Visiting cards
Sh'    ing tags
Price lists
And commercial and
society printing of every
Let us quote you our
New Type
Latest Style!
Columbia Aveime and
Lake Street
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
Mtatmum  prl 	
reduced to tjf an acta-. aci-part Mass ts
pries of OratH
MM an sen.
JPjJ-apmtkm Borw osc-tosd ts tmr-
*rayai tend* only.
i_.5S°2S!LI!nii-. ana*** ooverlng omr
lend suitable for agricultural purposes
•nd*«*!*!• non-355?XX pBn""~
Para.an._lp prs-smptloas alinllatisd
but parties cf not mora tban four mar
"Sx*^.-J^!*******M I»»«npMSs
with Joint residence, bnt eaoh making
mciMsiy Improramsnts en rsspsctlVs
J********** mast occupy slalms for
■ja rears and make improvements to
bSoje receiving Crown cSSt   ^^
Where pre-emptor la oocupatloo Mt
last tban I years, aad haa made ne.
g^g^^toggrsments. he1i£. b£
irantod Int^ed^o^fl-^ToT'trll?
  ronkee ImprovsoMats tosstent'of
em* par annum snd records aame eaoh
rear. Failure to make Improvements
jrr^rdsaias will -mSE^TfaS
wrorre.   Title cannot be obtained In
w.,?S? ' ****** *____* "wovesisnts
s«lIW.00 par sq-a. Including I acres
of^M^'i ********"*• »nd r»'denoe
Pre-emptor   holding"^-™   gnat
may record another pre-emption  l/he
2^2_■■'^J__J,i•■1, '"nXnelEn^hS
— rnlgy. »_unuu-d oo^cEE
»*« crash* and Mistrial purposes
Umber land  aot si
ns tun
S2h   ornmm* *^£*£ SSS*
**.******* «>ldlera* pc*Esm5SonV
Ustmsat to Marat. b\tbs%
•us-mmeHAWM or chown
ProfMoa   mads   for   Issuanee   at
Crown pants to sob-purchaser*    at
Surehase, Involving forfrtte»». wlS.
Ilment of conditions of puJA •
tsrestandtaies. Wbere rab-p
era do not claim whole of original nar.
£___•* 2SSf** prtc* ***** eta* ***** Iuu
b.i   distributed    proporuonsltsly   over
£*: ***, iflBP^-%»s
Graslng Act. UU, for systematic
development of livestock IndustiTDro-
"a?6*! {,°I V**** ««HcUsid»n2;
adm.iil_rtr__.ion under OomuUaslwvfr
Annual Krnalng penults tasusd based
on numbers ranged: priority for established owners. Uook-ownM mS
form Associations for range management    Proe. or partially free, pernllts
irtffwa e~a»mm • *¥*•
I have opened a new harness shop and am prepared
to make harness to order
and do all kinds of repair
work. Shop equipped with
modern machinery. All work
C A. Crawford
Near Telephone Office


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