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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Jul 22, 1921

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 Legislative Library
*9*    ~A
is situ-
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ated in
the center of Grand Forks valley, the
premier fruit growing district of
Southern British Columbia. Mining
and lumbering are also important
industries in districts contiguous to
the eity.
Kettle Valley Orchardist
THF SniM *s t',e fav'"'ite news-
1 tlU OxJil* pape,. 0* t(ie citizens
of the district. It is read by more
people in the city and valley than any
other paper because it ia fearless, reliable, clean, bright and entertaining.
It is always independent but never
"Tell me what you Know Ib true:
I can guess as well as you."
$1.00 PER YEAR
Premier Wants Members
of Legislature to See
Construction Work Being Done
mean an annual total of nearly
17,500,000, witb an approximate
profit of $2,000,000. Meanwhile, although extensions of tbe system are
being made daily, tbere will be
some revision in place?, and wbile
many towns are clamoring for a
store, the citizens must clearly demonstrate that a majority are in favor
of its establishment. Six new stores
were opened this week, and a half
dozen more locations aie under
Special Correspondence of The Sun.
Viotoria, B. C, July 20.—For tbe
purpose of demonstrating to the
members of the provincial legislature the progress being made on Pacific Great Eastern railway construction work', an excursion is being planned from Vancouver to tbe
end of steel at Cottonwood river toward tbe end of August. Steel has
now passed Quesnel and sbould
reach Cottonwood within thirty
days. That will take the government line within sixty-three milt's
of Prince George, the terminus.
Prem er Oliver, as minister of railways, is anxious lo bave all tbe
members of the house acquainted
witb tbe operation of tbe line before tbe next sitting on November 1.
Several standard sleepers and a dining car will be attached to the train
and au opportunity will be given
the general publtc to go along.
According to a statement just
issued by Attorney General J. W,
deB. Farris, 1596 applications had
been made up to tbe and of June
for assistance under the mothers'
pensions act, witb a total pensions
disbursement of 141,000 per month.
In discussing tbe act, tbe attorney-
general expressed satisfaction with
tbe results achieved, explaining tbat
the principle of tbe new law is the
recognition of a widely held and
deeply rooted conviction tbat home
life and a mother's care are of such
value in the proper rearing of cbil
dren tbat no child should be deprived of their benefits through
poverty alone.
Contrary to general impressions,
the government, through Hon. J.
D. McLean, minister of education,
has expressed an iutention to make
provision for practically all of the
students wbo are qualified to enter
tbe University of British Columbia
tbis fall. No definite plan has materialized as yet witb witb regtrd to
tbe Guanoing of tbe problem, but
temporary accommodation will certainly be provided. Between 1100
and 1200 young people will be
eligible tor university tr ining next
A windfall of no mean proportions bas come to tbe Oliver government tbrough tbe victory of the
attorney general's department in
connection witb tbe seizure of liquor
from tbe Pacific Wine company a
year ago. Tbe action of the government bas been upheld by tbe privy
council after a considerable amount
investigation, and today tbe government finds itself in possession of
liquor worth from $250,000 to $300,-
000. Witb tbe provincial exchequer
anything but Uusb, the victory is a
wel ome one.
Hales of spirituous and malt
liquors throughout the province at
government stores are increasing
rapidly. While definite official fig
ares are not yet available, it is understood tbat sale for tbe first two
weeks of the operation of the act
approximated $250,000. Witb new
stores being opened every week at
new places in British Columbia, this
total will jump rapidly. One of the
commissioners holds the opinion
that within a few months tbe daily
sales will amount to $25,000, or over
$600,000 per month. Continued
throughout   the year,   tbis   would
French Doctor
Announces Gure
For Cancer Ills
Paris, July 18.—Dr. Gaudier of
tbe Frencb Academy of Medicine,
announces tbat he has discovered a
new cure for cancer whicb is having
a great success.
Tbe new treatment simply consists of injecting uuder tbe skin of
the patient a serum made of bis own
blood obtained tbe night before.
This serum, modified by coagulation, contains substances wbicb
wben introduced into the system
strengthens its defense against the
caucer and aids it in ridding itself
of tumors, according to Dr. Caudier.
High School Matriculations Announced
The rusulls of the June examinations held in the higb schools of tbe
province were announced by tbe department of education last Saturday.
Ol the 1546 candidates wbo presented themselver for examination,
691 passed in all subjects and 394
were granted university supplemental examinations. The total of those
wHo passed and were granted sup-
plemental examinations is 2 percent
higher than that of last.
The governor general's silver medals, wbich are awarded to the five
leading students of the province,
with tbe proviso tbat no two medals
are awarded to any one school, bave
been obtained by the following:
Kathleen Mary Gwendolyn Hardie,
Oak Bay higb school, 872; Homer
Armstrong Thompson, Chilliwack
high school, 868; Kathleen Dodds,
Vernon high school, 864; Grace
Elizabeth Mable Smith, King George
higb school, Vancouver, 862; Alan
Campbell, South Vancouver high
school, 849.
Grand Forks Higb School, Junior
Matriculation—Thomas W, Brown,
768; Donald Ej, Laws, 635; William
I. Griffith, 602; Uosa K. Petersen,
591; Mary D. Ryan, 561. Granted
supplemental examinations, 8. Completed junior matriculation, Helen
M. Campbell.
Greenwood High School—Junior
matriculation; granted supplemen
tal examinations, 2.
Crop Conditions in
British Columbia
and on the Prairies
Following is a summary of crop
conditions in British Columbia and
tbe prairie provinces, as sent into
tbe bead office of tbe Bank of Mon
treal by the managers of its various
British Columbia—Weather cool
aod showery. Standing bay crop 25
per cent above average in Fraser
valley and exceptionally heavy in
nearly all districts. Grains in excellent condition. Roots and vegetables progressing satisfactorily. Potato yield estimated 15 percent below average. Tree fruits sizing and
coloring well. Small fruits heavy,
although strawberries damaged by
recent rains. Pasturage abundant.
Edmonton and Calgary Districts
—Damage caused by heat and dry
spell largely repaired b/ recent
heavy rains. In Edmonton district
conditions favorable. In Calgary
districts  on  summer   fallow   now
The Showman—"Hello! You'd better be careful bow you go to work
with tbat tree."
The Man up the Tree—"That's all right, mate.   I don't care. It ain't
my tree." |^|
promise average yield. Those on
spring and fall ploughing and stubble only fair.
Lethbridge District—Crop revived
by rain. Prospects again promising,
though from some localities to northeast and west reports are not so bad.
Alfalfa and timothy an average
crop on irrigated land. Pasture good
Regina District—All grains making strong growth. Some local
damage by drought. Hail damage
negligible. Pasture abundant.
Saskatoon District—Wheat and
oats doing well. Conditions favorable.
Winnipeg District—Wheat generally headed out; intense heat of the
laBt week followed by rains and cool
weather ideal for filling. Some bail,
not serious; prospects good. Damage
by grasshoppers throughout tbe -vest
exceptionally slight.
Our Insectivorous Birds
It may appear startling, hut it is
a fact that if all tbe insect pests ravaging our crops could be suppressed
and all the plant and tree diseases
eradicated, and the increased revenue derived by tbe country thereby
could be turned into the Dominion
treasury, there would need be no
question of taxation. This idea is
largely substantiated by tbe fact sot
forth by tbe entomologist of the Dominion department of agri.uiture
that a conservative estimate of tbe
annual loss in Canada to field, orchard and garden crops due to destructive insects is upwards of $200,
000,000. As our authority suys,
"To this huge devastation must be
added the enormous annual destruction caused by forest insects,
stored product insects, etc." Upou
this statement tbe entomologist
founds a well sustained argument in
favor of the protection of insectivorous birds, such as tbe prairie horned
lark, the robin, the somewhat despised crow, thc red-breasted nuthatch, tbe western tanager, tbe
myrtle warbler, tbe chickadee,
grouse, gull, and many other kinds.
In tbe state of Iowa it has been estimated that the tree sparrows annually devour somet.iing like 895 tons
of weed seeds. Speaking of the
robin, an investigator in Toronto
found that a single bird kept in confinement ate 165 cutworns in one
day. Another authority states that
a brood of prairie horned larks consumed 400 cutworms a day.   This
same authority, namely, Norman
Griddle, Dominion entomologist in
Manitoba, declares tbat six crows
are capable of consuming tbree
bushels of grasshoppers in one season. It is recorded tbat in certain
places in Manitoba areas of growing
grain bave been saved from destruction by tbo pestilential grass
hopper owing to the presence of
large Hocks of gulls. In tbe ligbt
of these facts it is gratifying t > be
informed by the Dominion entomol-
ogist, Arthur Gibson, to wit, that
tbe importance of protecting our
useful birds is becoming more and
more recognized, espeei 'liy by farmers and fruit growers.
Minister of Public
Works Will Visit
The Boundary
Victoria, July 20.—Hon. J. H.
King, minister of public works, left
the city on Tuesday on bis delayed
trip to the Boundary country, Kum
loops and East Kootenay. Last week
the minister started for tbe Kootenays, but was detained on tbe lower
mainland, where in company with
bis engineers be spent several days
visiting tbe municipalities consolidating road work.
Hon. Dr. King explained tbat
some work was necessary iu carrying
out the provisions of the amendments to the highway act, which
deal with primary and secondary
roads. It is necessary for him to visit
practically all the municipalities in
order to explain tbe working of the
act and confer witb municipal au
thorities in planning road improvement and upkeep.
IS ews of the City
Two delightful concerts wero given
in this city yesterday hy the Salvation Array Silver Band, of Calgary,
consisting of thirty-five pieces.
Tbe member? of band are spending
their vacation by making n tour
from tbe prairie city to tbe coast
and return. In tbe afternoon at 3:30
tbe band played on the lawn of the
Grand Porks hospital, and in tbe
evening at 8:30 a concert was given
on the court house lawn. The evening entertaioment was very largely
attended, and everyone present expressed appreciation of tbe excellent
music discoursed.    Wbile in Grand
Forkt   the   members   of the band
were the guests of tbe citizens.
Tbe trustees of the Grand Forks
irrigation district have forwarded to
Victoria for approval the plans and
estimated cost of tbe first unit of
the system. Engineer Groves has
BUbthlteed three different schemes
for consideration, with the estimaUd
cost of each, 'lho first calls for
wooden piping, the second for concrete, and the third fur metal. The
choice probably lays between metal
and concrete piping. The first unit,
accord to the survey, will require
about 97,000 feet of piping, this being equivalent to oigbreen miles.
The approximate cost of installing
the unit is$t 10,000.
Mrs. Pye, sister of Mrs. G. H .
Hull, and daughter Vera, who
have been spending a few weeks at
Christina lake, are guests at Mayor
Hull's bome for a few days prior
to thoir departure for Vancouver and tbeir bome in England.
P. T. McCallum, local immigration inspector, went to Nelson on
Tuesday in connection with tbe request for tbe deportation of tbe
eight Doukhobors now serving a
thirty days' sentence in tbe jail in
tbat city.
John Lane, who formerly resided
here, came up from Kennewick,
Wash., on Wednesday, and visited
frieds for a couple of day' beforo
leaving for the prairies.
J. T. Simmons and family returned on Saturday from an auto"
mobile vacation trip thrjugh the
Okanagan district and to the coast
It. Forrester has purchased Frank
Moore's dairy business. Mr. Moore
and his two sons will leave this week
for tbe prairies, wbere they will
operate a threshing outfit   tbis fall.
Harry McLaren returned tbis
week from a trip to the coast cities.
His father, Jobn McLaren, one of
tbe pioneers of Grand Foiks, is seriously ill in Vancouver.
Mrs. Fred Clark and children,
Jeon end Gordon, lofi this week for
a visit with Mrs. Clark's parents at
Coeur d'Alene, Idaho.
Mrs. C. 1). Pearson and daughter
left on Saturday for Seattle, where
tbey will visit Mrs. Pearson's
mother, Mrs. Hickey.
Bricklaying on the packing house
oommenced this week. Tho brick so
far has come from tho smelter flue
Geo, T. Moir, of Cranbrook, formerly C'P.K. agent here, was in the
city this week inspecting his ranch
A Man Who Has Attracted
World-Wide Attention
General Smuts, whose logical utterances are constantly being praised
in the newspaper world, and the
masres of all classes display great
confidence in bis wisdom.
Fifteenth Annual Conven
tion Will Be Held in
Vernon Next Week-
Many Delegates Will Attend
Vernon will be host next week to
the 200 delegates to the fifteenth
annual convention of the Western
Canada Irrigation association,
wbicb will be opened in tbat city
next Wednesday afternoon by bis
honor Lieutenant-Governor W. C.
Nichol and Mayor Costerton.
Atter the preliminary addresses
and the appointment of committees
the program for Wednesday includes
an address and discussion on "Some
Irrigation District Problems," which
will be opened by W. F. Laid man,
of Vernon, and A. Griffin,of Brooks.
This will be followed by a paper by
Dr. F, A. Wyatt, professor of soils
of the University of Alberta, on
"Tbe Action of Water on Soils."
The opening address on tbe second day will be given by L. C.
Charleswortb, president of the irrigation council of Alberta. Tben will
follow a preliminary report of the
resolutions committee.and addresses
by Dr. Jobn A. Widtsoe, president
of the University of Utah, and Hon.
T. D. Pattullo, minister of lands for
British Columbia and president of
the Western Canada Irrigation as-
socfation. The subject of Dr. Widtsoe's address is "Excessive Irrigation and Its Dangers," and Hon.
Mr Pattullo will speak on the irrigation situation in British Columbia.
Thursday afternoon is to be devoted to a motor ride around tbe
district, when some of tho irrigation
works will be visited and tbe delegates will afterward be taken to tbe
Coldstream rancb, where refreshments will be served. Al tbe Coldstream ranch thc Hon. Duncan
Marshall and C. R Yuill will give
addresses, tbe latter on tbe subject
of "The Construction of Dams and
SpillwayB." This address will deal
largely witb the irrigation works
tbat the delgates will see iu tbe sf-
Tbree addresses are scheduled for
Friday morning. An address on the
"Growing of Forage Crops Under
Irrigation" will be given by R. H.
Helmer, superintendent of the Dominion experimental farm at Summerland. George 11. Hutton, superintendent of agriculture of the department of natural resources of the
Canadian Pacilic railway, will follow Mr. Helmer in a discussion of
this paper. G. M. Stewart, district
seed inspector for Alberta and British Columbia, will give an address
on "-Some Points on Growing Alfalfa
Seed for Market," and "Overhead
Irrigation" will be discussed by
Lionel Stevenson, superintendent of
tbe Dominion experimental farm at
Sydney, B, C. ll is expected tbat
these addresses will lead to considerable discussion on tbo pnrt of the
The last speaker for Friday afternoon's session is A. 8. Dawson,chief
engineer of tbo irrigation systems of
tbe Canadian l'acific railway. He
will be followed by I'rof. A. F.
Barrs, of the University of British
Columbia, who will give au address
on "Frost Protection in Orchards."
Tbe remainder of the afternoon will
be devoted to the discussion of the
resolutions and the selection of the
next place of meeting.
(Conlinued on I'age 4.)
-**y ■xw
®k <&mnb Storks. S>mt
Ono Year (in Canada and Great Britain) $1.00
One Year (in the United States)     1.50
Addres    " -cation*..to
Tub Gkand Forks Sun,
Phqnk 101R Gbaho Forks, B. C.
FKIDAY, JULY 25, 1921
The Farmers' victory in Albert makes it
difficulty to forecast the result of the next
federal election. The entry of a third party
into tlie field may result in neitheir ofthe trio
emerging from the light with a clear majority
Present indications are, however, are that the
Farmers will cut deeper into the Unionist or
Conservative party than they will into thc
Liberal ranks.
Most of the criticism hurled at the Victoria
government by the opposition pres.s of the
province is of the featherweight variety, because it is prompted either by malice or greed
It carries no weight. Criticism, in order to
carry conviction to the reader, must be honest,
based on facts, and stripped of all personal,
ties. These elements are nearly always lacking
in the tirades levelled at the Oliver govern
ment, or at members or represntatives of the
government. Up to the present time the Oliver
administration is only government that has
been returned to power since the world war.
There must be strong reasons why the government of the day has been able to retain the
confidence of the electorate during the erratic
and eventful times through which we have
I -assed and are still passing. Those of our
readers who have kept a close watch on the
\' ork of die government will not need to be
l.;ld what these reasons are. It will require
more than slander and vituperation to alienate
the good opinion they have of the government.
At the present, it is true, there is a clamor
iMiiong the farmers in certain parts of the
province for lower taxat on, But when con-
di tuning high taxes, in the very next breath
tli-.y call loudly for more government works
an 1 more government experts to teach them
how to farm. The only way in which the government can pay for these lnxuries, or neces-
sities, is by taxation or borrowing. Too much
borrowing usually ends in the bankruptcy
court, lt has already depreciated the value of
out' currency abroad. Thc moral is plain. The
British Columbia farmer must either pay his
taxes willingly or allow tho government to
practice strict economy.
A good many meritorious crusades have
met a premature demise because they have
fallen into thc nands of fools or have become unpopular with the masses by too much
' people wl
tlieir win
muscles. The campaign to buy only B. C.
goods and to trade exclusively at home seems
in be in the same danger. Up to a certain
pui it the agitation is sound, but it has its
limitations. If every community were to carry
thia system to its logical conclusion, we
would have to go back to media.val times; to
become jack of all trades and to produce
everything we need; to raise sheep  and  grow
talking by people who preferred to make a living  with  tlieir wind  rather than  with tlieir
flax and manufacture our own clothing. The
only alternative here in the Boundary would
be to dispense with clothes and to live on a
diet of "spuds" and apples, which, although
staple and delicious food products, when taken
in too large doses are liable to pall on the pallet. We have advanced several degrees since
spinning wheels and weaving looms were
necessities in every household. Those who de
sire to revert to this condition have a perfect
right to join the Doukhobor or Minnonite
communities. Modern commercialism teaches
us to produce the things that are most prolific
and to exchange the surplus for products that
other districts can produce cheaper and on a
larger scale than we can. After all, buying
in the best market is not such a terrible curse
as the paid orators who make an easy living
by talking illogically and superficially about
things whicli they have given but little
thought would have the masses believe. Right
here in Grand Forks there are several industries, some of them paying considerable taxes
and rates to the municipality, which conld not
exist were it not for tho ontside trade they
command. The same conditions prevail every
where. The prairie farmer produces an abun
dance of grain; the British Columbia orchardist grows more fruit than he can consume. A
fair exchange is neither robbery nor disloyal
ty. The same principle can be applied to all
food aommodities and industrial products.
Be loyal to your own community by improving your property, industrial establishment or business enterprise. That is the only
kind of loyalty that is of permanent value to
a locality. Mouth loyalty to a community
and indolence are usually twins, and are commercially valueless. Demagogues may contrive to make a living by the former, but they
add nothing to the world's wealth or progress.
Coincident with the action of Wyoming
passing a bill making it mandatory for every
male resident of the state about to bo married
to obtain a certificate from a reputable physician certifying that he is physically fit and free
from disease, plans are being made to, present
a similar bill to the next session of the legisla
ture in New York state. But the proposed
laws will go further. Women as well as men
will b*e required to undergo the eugenic ex
animation and present certificates of physical
fitness for marriage. There is just as much
reason for requiring one of my own sex to
submit to a fitness for marriage test as there
is for thc man, says Rose Rothenberg, assist
ant district attorney of New York. Men are
not always the offenders, as my experience as
an assistant district attorney in tne women's
night court and the domestic' relatiens court
has proved. Such a law, in my opinion and
that of many other women to whom I have
spoken, will prevent many unsuccessful mar
riages. Not alone will it do that, but it will
guarantee to the coming generations the birthright which countless thousands of children
have bcen deprived of under our present system.
On life's highway almost everybody is will
ing to tako thc rich man's dust.
Contact with a too sharp man "dulls one's
confidence in humanity.
Turning  the  First  Sod on  Lethbridge Northern  Irrigation Project
Tablets   without   "Bayer  Cross'
are not Aspirin at all
Get genuine "Bayer Tablets o. Aspirin"
in a "Bayer" package, plainly marked
with tho safety "Bayer Cross."
Thc "Bayer Cross'' is your only way
of knowing that you arc getting genuine
Aspirin, prescribed by physicians for
nineteen years and proved safe by millions for Headache, Neuralgia, Colds,
Rheunytism, Lumbago, Neuritis, and for
I'nin generally.    Made in Canada.
Handy tin boxes of 12 tablets—also
larger sized "Ruyer" packages.
Aspirin is tho trade mark (registered
in Canada), of Bayer Manufacture of
Monoai*etic;icidcstcr of Salicylicacid.
While it is well known that Aspirin
means Bayer manufacture, to assist tho
public against imitations, the Tablets of
Bayer Coinpany, Lid., will be stamped
with their general trade mark, the
"Bayer Cress."
News of the City
Mrs. W. S. McPherson and
tlaughtei left on Monday for a short
visit to ltossland. Mr. MePberson
is temporarily located in tbat city.
Wm, Bonthron went to Midway
this week to work on the government bridge at (hat place.    .
E. J. Fitzpatrick was in town this
week. He has a subcontract on tbe
Cascade Hossland highway.
Harry Bosworth returned from  a
visit with his mother in Vancouver.
There was no quorum at the
board of trade meeting ou Monday
Padlock Safety Paper.for private
bankebecks, kept in stock by The
Sun Job Department.
the benefits accrued
from its practice is
the .greatest small-cost
blessing in the world.
When any other part of
our nature apparatus
fails to .perform its especial functions it costs considerable money to get
any relief. When you no
longer enjoy clear-sightedness our optometrist
can locate your eye weakness and furnish you with
the glasses that will
bring back your sight.
Satisfactory moderately
priced service.
Jeweller nnd Opt.einn
Bridge Street Grnnd Forks
Hon. Mr. Stewart, Premier of Alberta, is seen holding the plow handles, and at his side
is Hon. Mr. Brett. The plow was drawn by four horses, and holding the lines is "Old
Man" Pearson, the founder ofthe project.
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed .
Lime and Salt
Poultry Supplies
Grand Forks,B.C.
Established 1910
RealEstatc and Insurance
Resident Agent Growl Forka Towu«ite
SI      x. .     Company, Limited __
Fnrms     Orchards     City Property
Agents st; Nelson, Calgary, \Vi__nlp.<er anil
other Prairie points. Taneouver Agents:
Established in WW. wo are iu a position to
furnish reliable Information concerniiiB this
Write lor ttae literature.
Hava by careful und efficient management built up a large
business during tho past ten years, and are tlie laJgest
growers of nursery stock in Western Canada.
A LARGE ASSORTMENT of very fine Fruit Trees and
Small Fruit Plahts are now growing in our Nuim-iics at
Sardis,.which are being offered to planters at very Ri.ason*
able Prices.     > **•
TIIE QUALITY of these trees and plants are of hi«h ordsr.
being propagated from specially selected trees of known
We arge growing a very fine lot of Roses of leading varieties which have bloomed this bfason in the Nursciias uud
will give gu-iil results when transplanted in your garden
or lawn. "
Wc Solicit Correspondence from   intending planters and
urge the placing orders early in the senson. WRITE TODAY
The British Columbia Nurseries Co. Ltd
Surdis, B. C. DefniWment C.
Salesmen Wanted.  'Terms Liberal.
Mention tlie "Sun" when writing.
Of all present-day Sewing Machines.
Why buy* a machine at which you have
to sit in an awkward position, when you
may just as well have one with which it
is a pleasure to sew? The White Rotary
Sit-Strate is just the machine you want.
Sold on easy monthly payments by*
oMiller 0% Gardner
Complete Home Furnishers
Value of Telephone
From near neighbor to distant cities
and villages, thousands of slender high-
ways made alive by speech converge-
within the small compass of your telephone. The ears of people are within your
call; their voices are within your hearing.
Telephone service cannot be estimated
by usual values. Imagine how complete
a revision of living and workiug would
have to be made if the telephone ceased
to operate. The miracle of the telephone
is realized at all times, and its ceaseless
service puts its value almost beyond price.
C.V. Meggitt
ltcnl Etttatc nml IiiHurunce
Ex.-i-lli'"' lii< lllti>'» for lulling  ynur furnu
W.i Iihvu .u.en.1 nt   all    Cons, aud  I'rulrle
ami vakm r_.om.ri-
Iti'lliililn Information rcKl»ri|liiKtllla illstrrt
i-hrerfnlly furnished. We solicit your Hia
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty*
Transfer Company
City Baggage and General
Coal,  Wood and  Ice
for Sale
Office at R. F.  Petrie's Store
Phone 64
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yale Hotel, First Street
Those wishing neat sign painting
to ornament tbeir business places
should call on W. P. O'Connor, a
returned soldier.
Job Printing at The Sun office a
practically tbe same prices as before
tbe big war.
Modern Rigs and Good
Horses at All Hours at
Model Livery Barn
M. H. Barns, Prop.
Phone 68 Second Street THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.
When a great liner like tho Empress of France comes to port few
realize tho immensily of her requirements.
Many have seen the activity which
goes pii just after a vessel has docked and passengers commence disembarking with their baggage. Subsequently large gangs commence
discharging the ship's cargo, which
ii despatched by rail to various destinations, after which the outgoing
freight is properly placed in the
various holds.
There is considerable activity going on behind the scenes, so to speak,
which is not apparent to the casual
observer, viz., the preparation of
HSts of supplies for the homeward
voyage by the heads of various departments on board.
First of all, about 4,600 tons of
coal are needed, in addition to large
quantities of lubricating oils, etc., together with various miscellaneous
supplies which come under the head
of Deck and Engine Room Stores.
If the average layman were asked
whether this vessel or the Chateau
Frontenac at Quebec could house the
most people, his reply would naturally be in favor of the hotel, but this
would not be correct, as the Empress of France can accommodate
relatively speaking, about four times
as many people as the Chateau.
Owing to the limited time the ship
remains in Quebec port it is necessary to make exact calculations aa to
the time for delivery of her food supplies, so as not to conflict with either
coaling or cargo operations.
It takes a Targe gang of men a
whole day in order to handle and
stow these supplies.
The ship is equipped with an up-
to-date cold storage plant of enormous capacity, where meats, flsh,
poultry, fruits and vegetables are
kept in perfect condition In the required temperatures. Apart from
the refrigerator rooms there are
large spaces where the cold storage
system is unnecessary, but where
forced draft ventilation is arranged.
Use Tons of Food.
The meats are first put on board,
and when the ship has a full passenger list she takes about 20,000 lbs.
of beef, 9,000 lbs. of mutton, 6,000
lbs. of pork, 1,500 lbs. of veal, 1,000
lbs. of lamb, 4 Via tons of ham and
bacon, two tons of sausages, liver,
etc., in addition to sundry other
items too numerous to mention, making a grand total of over 25 tons.
The above meats, as well as all
nther supplies, are specially selected
and are the choicest pre curable in
Next comeB the fish, as follows:
2,000 lbs. fresh cod. 1,500 lbs. fresh
haddock, 200 lbs. doro, 400 lbs. of
finnan haddie, 500 lbs. flounders, 1,-
000 lbs. halibut, 500 lbs. herring, 400
lbs. rnackerel, 000 lbs. salmon, 400
-bs. lake trout, 200 lb.-*,, jive lobsters,
300 lbs. smelts, 250 lba. weak fish.
SOO lbs. white fish; besides thc above
a number of oilier kinds are secured
when in season, auch as black and
striped bass, blue fish, brook trout,
and shad; in fact, approximately J0,-
000 lbs. of fish are required at Quebec, comprising over twenty varieties.
I'oultry follows, and generally consists of over 1,000 lbs. milk-fed
chickens, 500 1'os. broilers, 1,500 ibs.
capons, 1,500 ibs. fowl, 1,000 lbs.
geese, 1,000 His. turkey, as well as
smaller quantities of ducklings, gosling-; and different kinds nf game,
Under the head of dairy produce,
3,000 lbs. of butter are required,
1,000 lbs. of cheese and oyer 30,00(1
About 15 tons nf vegetables are
needed, which include 18,000 lbs. of
potatoes, 4,000 lbs. of turnips, 2,500
lbs:, of carrots, 1,500 ibs. oi* cabbage,
1,200 lbs. of onions, 1,000 lbs. ol
The principal fruits arc as follows:
30,000 oranges, 20,000 apples, 3,000
grape fruit, 0,000 lemons, 1,000 lbs.
of bananas, besides the smaller kinds
of fresh fruit in season,
The grocery list is enormous, and
could not be itemized here. Dried
fruits run into several thousand
pounds, biscuits 1,000 ibs., 13 tons
flour, 4 tons sugar, 1 tun oatmeal,
1 ton peas, 500 gallons milk, 500
gallons evaporated milk, 500 pints
ice cream  and  a  Urge quantity of,
cream, THE   StJN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.
News of the City
Born—In Grand Forks, on July
13, to Mr. and Mrs. P. H. Donald,
son, a son.
Kev. and Mrs. W. P. Bunt are
spending a two weeks' vacation at
Christina lake.
Born—In Orand Forks, on July
19, to Dr. and Mrs, G. H. Aores, a
Dr. Kingston made a short   business trip to Spokane this woek.
Horn—In Grand Forks, Suly 20,
to Mr. and Mrs. W. A. McDonald,
a eon.
Mrs. E. H. Cagnon returned borne
yesterday from a visit with friends
in Vancouver.
Frank Hartinger returned  from
Halcyon on Tuesday.
Dan Mitheson, supeiintende nt of
the Hock Catndy mine, returne d
yesterday from a trip to Trail.
C. V. Meggitt left for a business
trip to Vancouver on Tuesday.
Great Northern Agent McCannon
returned on Monday from a trip to
Chicago and New York.
Rev. P. C. Hayman will hold a
service in the pavilion at Christina
next Thursday evening at 7:30
o'clock .•
Mr: aud Mrs. Hoy Faulkner, who
have beon guests of Mr. and Mrs,
Frank Miller, returned to Rossland
on Saturday.
Frache Bros, have sent a handsome silver cup to Trail to be awarded to the party making the best
lloral exhibit at the fall fair in that
MORAL—Be  Careful With Fire
The City Council have fixed the
following hours for garden and lawn
sprinkling from 6 a.m. to 9 a.m.; and
from 5 p.m. to 9 p.m., "and no person
shall use such water except throngh
a hose with a nozzle thereon (except
where spray is used), and such nozzle
shall not be larger than 3-16 of an
City Clerk.
Western Canada
(Continued from Page 1.)''
On Saturday morning the final report of the eommittees on credentials and nominations will be made
and officers for the year 1921-1922
will be elected. Addresses will be
given at this session by Dr. John
A. Widutsoe, president of tbe University of Utah and the incoming
To the Citizens of Grand Forks and District:—
We beg to announce that we have taken over the grocery
business formerly conducted by Mr. E. Bailey, and solicit a
continuance of your patronage. We will endeavor to please
our customers by carrying only fresh groceries, which we
will sell at right prices. "Service and Quality" will be our
The East in the West
If we were only visiting the Bast
—my wife and I—we would probably say nothing. First, because
there are certain conventions which
even we Westerners recall, but more
'likely because the East would still
Ibe showing us that mask of smiling
iindulgence which it wears for the
benefit of the plainsman — and we
should never have guessed its real
forbearance underneath.
But having been brought ben, so
*o speak, by royal command of an
■Eastern head office, and hat-tag beer,
given the inestimable boon of enduring the most interfering traffic
police and the most acquiescent
criminal police in the world, we are
accepted as Easterners! There is no
longer any mask. This enables us
to speak, as it were, within the family circle, with the mask hanging on
a pes behind the door. Eastern universities feel just a little dismayed
at the irreverence with which the
Western student addresses himself
to some of the age-old problems of
metaphysics or natural science, and
the breeziness with which he takes
off his coat, makes his rough preliminary measurements, and proceeds to deal with that problem as
fcheerfully as though nobody had
•ver tried it before and failed! Undoubtedly this is a Httle crude, and
the boy will probably fall and never
lave so much courage again. But
Jiis way, this Western way, will ultimately solve more problems than
the way of the head shaker and the
doubt-doubter who cherish as holy
relics the traditions of other men's
Among bank people here in the
Eiut there is an .attitude of restrained wonder. Well, well: What will
the West du next? Three-quarters
admiring—and a little bit afraid!
And In railway circles I know high
Officers with whom, after a conversation at .Saturday lunch, I have
been invited back to empty offices
» be shown colossal sacred books
Jiat showed—there was no doubting
t—how poor Billy Langley's head
'or figures had gone wrong again!
Wow Bill, in public addresses before the Railway Commission, sol-
lemnly swore that he had shipped—
M me see—1,800 bushels of oats
land only made $250 because, for-
leooth, the railway rates had gob-
Ibled up the rest! Well, the railway
■rates hadn't done this gobbling it
iseemed. There were the books, and
there were the pages, and there were
the columns—and there the figures!
If Bill's oats had been of the lowest
!»rade, and if they had been shipped
run the longest haul at the highest
irate and sold for the lowest price
lin the year he was talking about—
why Kill must have got at least $522
'for his 1,800 btishels instead of the
;$250 which he told the world about.
And if his oats had been high-priced
oats, he would have had nearer $700.
But he said, said the railwaymen,
'that he got only $250 and that the
railways had taken the rest.
I could have told these Eastern
irailv/ay officials even worse ex
amples of election-time arithmetic
than this one. There is far more
careless addition and ©subtraction
|rieht hero in the East. But if they
■want;J   Western   cases—there   was
that farmer mentioned by Bill Langley, who claimed that 6,000 bushels
of oats on which he paid 13c a bushel
freight rate, would not net him more
than lie after paying for threshing.
Well, if his oats had been of the lowest grade, and sold at the lowest
price that is 42 He, he must still
nave had 18c a bushel with which to
pay tiie thresher. Of course every
fanner knows that no thresherman
got 18c a bushel. The infer-
in this case was that once more
the railways were getting it.
There was also the case of a Mr.
Brown, of the United Farmers of
Manitoba who says that tiie cost of
a binder laid down at Pilot Mound,
Manitoba, is now $48 higher than it
was last year, and that the railway rates are to blame for $22 out
of the $48. I happen to know from
an implement manufacturer that the
entire freight costs of a five-foot
binder if shipped in carloads from
Hamilton, or Toronto to Pilot Mound
in the spring of 1820 was $12.16; in
April, 1921. $16.40; an actual difference of $4.24. If carried in carloads to Winnipeg and re-shipped as
an individual binder from that point
to Pilot Mound the total freight cost
in 1920 was $19.26, and in 1921,
$2525, a difference of $6. Mr.
Brown's estimate of the increase
alone was greater than the entire
But could you explain to Eastern
railway officials that poor Bill Lang-
ley's figures,'and poor Mr. Brown's
figures must not le  mistaken  for
Western arithmetic!    That because
Langley was a cabinet mtnJeter the
Western farmer was not fooled into
thinking that two and two make five,
simple because Bill sometimes thinks
so.   Surely the Kast has seen just
such foolish examples of arithmetic
in the strain of fighting elections.
There is no higher level of native
Intelligence anywhere in this world
than among the people I come from,
the kind that had the courage  to
march up to a new country and say:
"HereI   I am going to tame you!"
and stick to it, although that country might still  send all its forces
of snow and wind and old-time loneliness to try to drive them back. As
nf of the fact Langley was de-
sd in the Saskatchewan elections
—rejected along with his arithmetic.
But leave the railways out of it,
Among the small Eastern investors
—the Kind with whom my business
brings   me   in   frequent  contact—I
find   what   I   might   almost   call
sublime   conceit   in  supposing  that
they can see through the charlatan
'and discover   the   fraud   out   West
twice as quickly as the West itself.
"No," quavers one of these very nice
people with perhaps $1,000 to invest*
"I don't think  I  care to hold any
more western school debentures—*or
city bonds, or whatever it is'—until
I see.   There is a bit too much dema-
gogery out there!   Too many young
lawyerB strutting around and flirting  with   parlor  Bolshevism.    Not
just the O. B. U. strike in Winnipeg
though that was bad enough—but I
read of a case, etc., etc., etc."    I
wonder  how  many  of  the  well-informed easterners know the amount
of buncombe of that kind is talked
among   the   little  investors   in   the
East and in England, timid people to
whom  the  loss of the interest  on
even one debenture would mean some
bill unpaid, some comfort done without?
The West is iust as sane as the
East. It sees through its own demagogues just as cjuickly and perhaps
a little more quickly than the easterner. The western farmer is the
last man in the world to tolerate
Bolshevism. If, as I suppose, the
basis of this eastern distrust is due
to sometimes extravagant attacks on
the railways by western orators, the
East should remember that one of
the surest ways a young lawyer can
take for getting into the public eye
out West, and winning a good constituency is to quote Scripture and
rag the railways. It is always better for a family doctor to tell a
lady patient she has XYX-ism of
the ABC than to tell her the truth
that she is really suffering from
run-down nerves, unwise eating, late
hours, too much coffee, worry over
her children, and acidosis of the
temper. She would never recover.
So these popular and wise young
doctors of state flourish the sword
of scriptural quotation and shout
"hava you troubles good people t
Stop worrying. Your public ailments are really very simple. Ynu
think you have many, but you really
have only one railway rates! "If he
explained the whole combination of
economic conditions that cause this
or that unpleasant symptom he
would put the wise men in his audience to Bleep, and the rest would be
frightened to death. But the West,
which is mostly wise, is not fooled
even by his promise to bring low the
great. It winks and enjoys the fireworks. It knows very well when he
quotes Scripture to liken ths Winnipeg Board of Trade to Judas
Iscariot, that he had to ask a Methodist preacher to look up the quotation, because the leaves of the office
Bible, used for swearing affidavits,
are pasted together to keep it from
falling open and embarrassing some
client in the middle of a perfectly
good deal. These youngsters get up
and talk about the psychology of the'
farmer—as though any self-respecting farmer would admit having such
a thing, and as though these young
orators had ever heard the matutinal
rooster or sweated behind a binder.
The West knows that when this lad
gets to Parliament and his party is
in power, responsibilities will sober
him up. It knows that he knows
that nobody understands better than
the West the importance of having
railways prosperous enough and am-,
bitkms enough to carry on as lead-!
ers in the development of the whole:
Of course it is foolish to pretend1
that demagogesy is not dangerous.
It is. Fragments of rash speeches,
traversing wires and cables, have
often 'frightened shut the pocket-
books of people who have never sees
a prairie sunrise over the harvest-
fields. But Westerners are no marts
given to this vice than anyone else.1
Free speech is a British heritage aad
it is up to the intelligent Easterner
or old countryman to make enquiries
or to suspend judgment before deciding that the West intends to
wreck the C. P. R. in order to get
-ails to build fences.
(Signed), A  WESTERNER,
i    (From the Montreal Gazette.)  I
Not to His Knowledge
Tbe subject of the suit was to determine the ownership of a cow.
One of the witnesses was Abram
Reese, a colored man who had
worked for tbe plaintiff.
"I will ask you, Mr. Reese," said
the attorney for the defendaut, "if
you was present when tbe exchange
in question was consummated?"
"I didn't see nuffin o' dat kind,
"Perhaps you don't understand
me. Were you there wben the
trade was made?"
"Yes, sub; I wuz dab w'en Mist'
Hibbs done trade de buggy fo' Mist'
Simmons' cow."
"Wasn't tbere a different understanding between them at some later
"De une'standin' 'tween 'em wuz
all right, sub."
"I mean, Mr. Reese, did tbey
ever trade back?"
"Not as I knows on, sub."
"As far as you know,^then,every
thing remains in statu quo?"
"No, suh," said Abram, witb
much positiveness, "dey's bote of
'em still in Hawkinsviile."
City Property For Sale
Applications for immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by the Gity, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Prices:—From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Terms:—Gash and approved payments.
List of lots and prices may be seen at the
City Office.
Gity Clerk.
IT brings the whole country fur miles around within easy reach.
Have you seen the new models? They're as graceful as swallows! As
bright as new coin! As weatherproof as a duck? Automobile Steel
Bearings. Frame of English Seamless Steol Tubing. Hard Maple
Rims. Hercules Brake. Everything complete. Real Quality. Real
Value. Easy Terms. We are tbe pooplejto mount you right.
Open Saturday Evenings TiU 10 o'Clock
A.   J.  MorrisoD, of Oreenwood,
was a visitor in tbe city on Monday.
The Providence mine at Greenwood is said to employ a crew of
twenty eight men.
For Sale—Cart and harness. Call
on D. Feighner, or address P. O.
Box 424, city.
We have secured the
agency for Grand
Forks of a large
Western Publishing
House which manufactures a superior
grade of Counter
Check Books—carbon back and carbon
leaf styles.
Prices Are Right
Encourage Western
enterprises and keep
Western money in
the West.
Any Quantity
from 100 up to 2500
The Sun
Job Department
TTHE value of well-
printed, neat appearing stationery as
a means af getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
Wedding invitations
Ball programs
Business cards
Visiting cards
ShV'ing tags
Price lists
And commercial and
society printing of every
Let us quote you our
New Type
Latest Style'
THE HUB—Bring your boot
and shoe repairs to my
shop for neat and prompt
work. Look for the big
boot.—GEO.   ARMSON
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
an acre; second-et*M to
confined to rar-
Columbia Avenue and
Luke Street
Minimum  price  of  first-class  land
reduced to $5 i
W-60 an acre,
Pre-emption   now
▼eyed lands only.
Record,. wUl be granted covering only
land suitable for agricultural purposes
and which Ib non-timber land.
Partnership pre-emptions abolished,
but partloa of not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emption*
with joint residence, but eaoh making
necessary Improvements on respective
claims. -m
Pre-emptors must occupy claims for
nv* yean and make Improvements to
value of |10 per acre. Including clearing and cultivation of at least t acrea.
before receiving Crown Grant.
where pre-emptor In occupation not
'•■* *"*>> », yoar*. and has made proportionate Improvements, he may. because ef ill-health, or other cause, be
granted Intermediate certllleate of Improvement and transfer hb olaim.
Record* without permanent residence may be Issued, provided applicant make* Improvement* to extent of
WW per annum and records same each
year. Failure to muke Improvement*
or record same will operate as forfeiture.    Title cannot be obtained In
}Sv..xi\'tli * ****** *!**• Improvement*
of 110.00 per acre. Including ( acre*
cleared and cultivated, and residence
of at least 2 years are required.
Pre-emptor holding Grown grant
may record another pre-emption, if he
requires land In conjunction with hla
farm, without actual occupation, provided statutory Improvement* mada
and residence maintain*! on Crown
granted land. %, *-**-*.*
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding M
acres, may be leased a* homesltes:
titlei to be obtained after fulfilling residential and Improvement conditions.
rot graaing and Industrial purposes
areas exceeding lit acres maybe
leased by one person or company.
Mill, factory or Industrial sites on
timber land not exceeding 40 acres
may be purchased; conditions Include
payment of stumpage.
Natural   hay  n_e__.de
Furniture Made to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinds.
Upholstering Neatly   Don
. -;■■:■-   —-»   meadows   Inaccessible
to them.   Rel
road, not exceeding half of purchi
price, I* mad*.
non construction of a road
bate of one-half of cost of
The scope of thi* Aet I* enlarged to
e all parsons Joining and serv-
ng with H-TMaJesty-* /wees.    Th*
UnRT,5?,?J?In''!f ***** »ert-
_._..Hta__.i^,e■t^, "roes. Th*
time within which th* heirs or devisee*
of a deceased pre-emptor may apply
lor title under this Act I* extended
from for one year from the death of
such person, a* formerly, until on*
fear after the conclusion'of th* present
JSaS* v**1**** ** *»» ******* &'
No fee* mating to pre-emptions ar*
due or payable ly soldiers on pJJ-
emptlons recorded after June M. fit*
T|S!? !S* """to* 'or Ave ySui
Provision for return of moneys accrued, due and been paid since August
t. mt. on account of payment* fees
or taxes on soldiers' prEamptlons.
Interest on agreements lo purchase
'.°_lTL0£_-cUy lot» h«M *>r "ambers of
Allied ForcoH, or dependents, acquired
direct or Indirect, remitted freoT enlistment to March 11. mo.
Provision made for Issuance of
Crown grants to sub-purchasers of
Crown Lands, acquiring rights from
purchasers who failed to complete
purchase, Involving forfeiture, on fulfillment of conditions of purchase Interest and taxee. Where sub-purchaser:, do not claim whole of original unreel, purchase price due and taxes may
be distributed proportionately ov_i
whole area. Applications
made by May 1, 1920.
must   be
Oniilng Act, IMS, for systematic
development of livestock Industry uro-
vldos for graslng districts and ranee
administration under Commissioner
Annual grilling permits Issued based
on numbers ranged; priority for established owners. - Stock-owners may
form Associations for range management Free, or partially free, permit*
for settlers, camper* er traveller*, un
»o ten head. *
I have opened a new harness shop and am prepared
to make harness to order
and do all kinds of repair
work. Shop equipped with
modern machinery. All work
C. A. Crawford
Neur Telephone Office


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