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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Oct 28, 1921

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 is   situated   in*
the center of Grand Forks valley, the
premier fruit growing district of
Southern British Columbia. Mining
and lumbering are also important
industries in districts contiguous to
the city.
•    it
1 -/  J
Kettle Valley Orchardist
^ U
THF SFllNf is the favorite Dew8*
a. UU OKJimJ pjper of the citing
of the district. It is read by more
people in the city and valley than any
otlier paper becauso it is fearless, reliable, clean, bright and entertaining.
It is always independent but never
"Tell me what you Know is true:
I csn guess ss well ss you.
$1.00 PER YEAR
Full Report of the Gathering of Yale District
Delegates at Penticton
Last Thursday Night
The Pentcton Herald gives the
following aecouotof the Liberal
covontion in that city last Thursday
Mayor D. W. Sutherland, of Kelowna, was selected as the standard
bearer for the Yale Liberals at the
coming federal election, by a representative convention of delegates
from all overthe constituency.whicb
wag held ia Rossum's hall on rhurs-
day evening. There were 53 delegates and a considerable number of
visitors in attendance. The proxies
held by the delegates numbered 84.
F. B. CoBsitt, of Vernon, president of the Yale Liberal association,
occupied tbe chair, and in a brief introductory address pointed out that
it w. s confidently expected tbat the
Liberal party would carry at least 63
seats in the province of Quebec alone
at t'*1 2* 'ction. He advocat
ed strict loyalty to the Liberal party
, and maintained that it was  erroneous   to think   that the Liberals intended to wipe off the tariff on fruit.
The tariff, he said, would never be
wiped off anless absolutely necessary
and   even if   this action   was ever
taken tbe orchardists of British Columbia could raise as good  fruit  as
could be grown across the line.  Tbe
province of   British Columbia, he
said, was tbe greatest in tbe Domin
ion, but up to the present the snr
face   bad scarcely   been scratched
Settlers were wanted, and the government that would bring in immi
gration  to  settle British Columbia
lands   was   the  government wbich
should be supported by the people
of the province.
The election of officers resulted as
follows: lion, president, Hon. W.L.
Mackenzie King; bon vice president,
Hon. John Oliver; president, F. B,
Cossitt; first vice president,C.Hardy,
Armstrong; second vice-president,
Mrs. H. McGregor, Pentic'on; sac-
retaty treasurer,Charles H. Jackson,
Kelowna Tbe selection of members
of the executive was left to tbe va
rious locale.
Tbe meeting was then thrown
open for Humiliations of a candidate
Three names, all of whicb were en-
thusiuscally received, were placed
before the meering. These in the
order of nomination were Ueeve IC.
J. Chambers, Penticton; Mayor D.
W. Sutherland, Kelowna, and L W.
Makovski, of Armstrong.
After the dominations wer* plasi d
each of tbe nominees briefly addressed the convention expressing their
gratitude for tbe honor done  them.
While tbe ballot was.being counted the chairman suggested that   an
' annual picnic, as a get-toeetherday,
be  instituted   for tbe   Liberals al!
* over the constituency.
On the suggestion of J. E Reekie,
of Kelowna, Mrs. H.JJ McGregor addressed the gathering, giving some
of the views held by tbe lady voters.
She expressed the wish to see a
. few more planks for humaUrian
legislation incorporated in tbe Liberal platform, In provincial politics,
she said, some progress had been
made in this direction, but on the
whole the.Dominion was far behind
England and some other countries
on the European continent were
considerably ahead of Canada
There was also need of greater op
poitunitiea for tbe education of the
women along political lines, she
claimed. But few of them knew the
difference belween federal aud provincial laws. If the political associations werecarried ou more as educational institutions the opportunity
would be given to women to learn
what laws already existed in the
country snd they could then look to
otbe. countries to form a basis for
more advanced legislation.
One piece of legislation she wished
to see brought forward at Ottawa
was a law tbat no family could be
refused housing on account of there
being children. If the men would
work for some of the things in
wbich the women were particularly
interested, she believed the women
would take a donble interest in
politics. «,
The chairman then announced
that the ballot showed Mayor Suth -
erland to have a majority of votes
over both the other nominees.
Reeve Chambers expressed pleasure in moving that Mayor Sutherland's nominotion be made unanimous. Mr. Makovski seconded and
ihe resolution was carried, the whole
convention rising and s'nging, "For
he's a joliy good fellow."
In accepting the nomination Mr.
Sutherland satd he much appreciated the general expression of good
wili and felt very grateful to Reeve
Chambers and Mr. Makovski.for the
promise of tbeir support. If all
those present would get behind him
and remain as enthusiastic as they
were at tbat time he could assure
them tbat be would not disappoint
Tbe delegates present were:
Penticton—Kenneth McKenzie,
A. Coy, Roderick McDougail, R. S.
Conklin, I. Grove, C. C. Hansen, E.
J.. Chambers, Walter Clayton, J. R.
Staoden, E. Foley Bennett, John
Park, 8. Cornock, H. Scarff.J. Mac-
Astocker, M. MacCaulay, E. Hayward, J. McGraw, E. McDonald, M.
Crook, Dr. and Mrs. McGregor, Mrs.
H. Scarff, Mrs. C. Hensen, Mrs. R.
J. McDougail and Mrs. Standen.
Vernon—S C.Smith, F. B. Cos
silt, Geo. Dobie, F. Hayward, G.
Dunn, Stuart Martin| and Dr. Williams.
* Kelowna—Mayor D. W. Suther*
land, Mrs Sutherland, D, H. Rat-
tenbury, C. H. Jackson, A. Peterson,
K. Wright, A. W. Hamilton, S. T.
Elliott, J. W. Fowler; J. F. Guest,
A. Paterson, ,W. D. Rae, 0. Marr,
J. E. Reekie.J. E. Young, M. Byrns
R. Butt, Capt. F. C. Brown and
Major Robie.
Armstrong—C. Hardy, H. Stevens, L. W. Makovski, T. C. Yeo-
ward, James Christie.
Grand Forks—F. Clark, J. F. El
liotl, C. V. Meggitt.
Greenwood— D. McPherson.
Seed Grain Distribution
The annual fred dstribution of
samples of seed grain will be con
ducted as usual at tbe Central ex.
perimental farm, Ottawa, by the
Dominion cerealist.
The following kinds of seed grain
will be sent out tbis season:
Spri/ig wheat, in about 5 lb. samples; white oats, about 4-lb.; barley,
about 5 lb.; field peas, about 5-lb.;
field beans, about 2 lb.; flax, about
Ouly one sample cen be sent to
eacb applicant.
Applications must be on printed
forms wbich my be obtained by
writing to tbe Dominion Cerealist,
Experimental Farm, Ottawa.
Ae the Btock of seed is limited,
farmers are advised to apply early
to avoid disappoinment. Those who
applied foo laie last season are particularly requested to Bend in their
names at once so that application
forms may be forwarded to them.
No application' forms will be furs
nisbed after February 1, 1922.
Preliminary Announcement of Population
The   Dominion **statisti cian   an
nounces the population of tbe following cities and towns aB shown
by a preliminary count, subject to
correction, of the returns of tbe
sixth census, 1921:
1921. 1911.
Montreal Island..'. .712,909 554,761
Montreal City 607,063 489,880
Westmount  16,711 14,679
Verdun  24,888 11,626
Outremont  12,997 4,820
Mont Royal        159      	
Lachine  15,448 11,688
St. Laurant    3,210 1,860
La Salle        743
St. Pierre     3,532 2,201
Montreal West     1,875 703
Dorval      1,673 1,005
Pointe Claire     3,110 793
Beaconsfield        871 375
Baied'Urlee        229       	
St. Anne de Bellevue   2,212 1,416
Roxboro         23      	
Hompstead         24       	
Montreal North     1,578 624
Laval de Montreal..      539       	
Pointe aux Trembles   town    and
parish    1,811 1,727
Montreal East    1,812       	
St. LeonardPortMau •
rice, town and parish        788 1,268
St. Michel de Laval.      493       	
Senneville       536 518
Ste. Genevieve       222 612
Ste.   Genevieve   de
Pierrefonds       442       	
Saraguay  54       	
Cote St. Luc.       377 303
St. Laurent parish..   1,838 2,228
La Presentation "..      273 221
Pointe Claire      "..      509 805
St.  Anne du Bout
'   del'He parish...    1,039 813
He Bizard parish...      688 586
Riviere des Prairies
parish       608 638
AisleSt.Jean deDieu  3,371 2,194
Ste.Geneviex| parish   1,074 1,075
New Brunswick—
Bathurst    3,311 960
Campbellton    5,569 3,917
Chatham     4,489 4,666
EdmunSston    4,033 1.821
Newcastle     3'510 2,945
St. Stepen    3,449 2,836
Sussex      2,198 1,906
Woodstock,     3,377 3,856
Nova Scotia—
Bridgewater     3,152 2,775
Dartmouth     7,904 5,058
Dominion    2,390 2,599
Glace Bay   16,992 16,562
Inverness     3,952 2.719
Kentville -  2,717 2,304
Liverpool     2,253 2,109
Lunenburg     2,886 2,681
New Waterford..   5,612       	
Parrsboro     2,745 2,856
*  Pictou     3,112 3,179
Springhill     4,955 5,713
Stellarton    3,362 3,910
Sydney  22,527 17,723
Trenton     2,837 1,749
Westville     4,547 4,417
Windsor    3,589 3,452
Prince Edward Island—
Summerside    3,228 2,678
The Dominion bureau of statistics
points out that it is tbe duty of any
one who thinks he or she has been
omitted from, the censur to notify
tbe bureau to this effect, when an
investigation will be made.
Green Manure
Much misconception hae existed
concerning tbo terms "catch crop,"
"cover crop" and "green manure
crop." A catch crop is one that i
grown between the periods of other
crops, such as cabbage following
eirly potatoes, as is often seem
among the Chinese garden's of British Columbia. A cover crop is a
crop grown to prevent injury and
losses of soil, such as might arise
from erosion or lynching. It may
help to collect snow under prairie
conditions, and prevent r-pid freez
ing and thawing in some locations.
Incidentally the cover crop may afford protection to the trees or plants
growing on the area. Green manure
crops are those grown for tbe purpose of enriching the land, and as
such should have a larger place in
modern agriculture.
In British Columbia stable ma-
nuie is very scarce, and usually cau
uot be purchased at any piice, while
chemical fertilizers are too high in
price to permit of their extensive
use. Green manure is the logical solution, at least in part, of the problem,
Any crop may be used as a green
manur.**, but all plants bave not
equal value for tbe purpose, aB some
are "nirrogen gatherers" wbile others
are "nitrogen consumers." The legumes, bo far as we know, are tbe
only plants which have the power
of taking nitrogen from tbe air as
well as from tbe soil. The term legume is applied to the clovers,
vetches, peas, etc., and to others
which produce seeds in pods. A
legume, when plowed down for manure, gives back lo tba soil not only
the plant food taken up by tbe
growing p-ant from the soil, but
considerable quantities of nitrogen
obtained from tbe air.
How tbe legumes are able to accomplish tbis work has been tbe
subject of much study. Gradually
tbe truth was learned. Minute soil
organizisms *%Sve in podules on the
roots of the legumes. In return for
their house rent they undertake to
board their host, or al least to furnish a part of tbe rations. If these
bacteria are uot present in the soil
the clovers, etc., are thrown on their
own resource** and must search for
wbat food tbere is in the soil,a_> otber
plants are obliged to do." If a soil is
lacking   in   tbis   way   science bas
shown bow they may be supplied
for a few cents—simply by obtaining tbe proper culture culture and
innocnlating the soil.
In addition to the legumes, buckwheat,turnips and many other crops
have been used as green manutee.
They have value, for growing crops
take up nitrogen wbich otherwise
might have been lost in the drainage
water. They also add humus to the
soil, but it must not be lost sight of
tbat the plant food returned
through their decomposition was
first contained in the soil, and that
the return of tbe crop to mother
earth is no gift.
Nitrate of soda is one of the moa t
valuable of our fertilizers. It is possible for a liguminous crop, employed
as a green manure, to return to the
soil as mucb nitrogen per a re as is
contained in 500 pounds of nitrate
of soda. What is that worth to you
It costs from 3 to 5 cents per pound,
depending on locality, and is equal
to the nitrogen usually contained in
one ton of mixed fertilizers.
Washington, Oct. 24. —Indications point to a warm wave for about
nine days centering on October 27,
with a cold dip following it. Not
much piecipitetion from Oct. 20 to
30; Increased precipitation for a fow
days following 30. The middle of
this weather period is expected to
reach Meridian 90 near November
27, western sections a little earlier,
eastern sections later. Tbese weather
periods, with all their variations,
usually cross the continent from the
Pacific to the Atlantic, at this season in about five days.
An entirely different spell of I
weather bas been expected to prevail on the continent during the
nine days centering on Octobej 18,
Severe storms an*4 most precipitation
at the beginning of tbe period, a cold
dip following, a little rise in temperature following tbut, and then another cold dip,altogether much similar to tne first twelve days of .this
The central part of tbe warm wave
of this period is expected to reach
meridian 90 near October 18, other
features following as usual. Not
mucb precipitation last half of October aod not mueb may be expected before middle of November.
Tbe most severe storms of November and most precipitation is expect
ed during the weeks centering on 14
and 28. The most severe frosts of
that month will immediately foi
low the warm wave of these storms
One of the most severe cold waves
of the fall is expected during the
week centering on November '/28
aod a lesB severe cold wave during
thu week contering on Novemher 14
LesB than usual precipitation is expected during November.
Government Will Assume
Full Financial Respon-
-ibility for Rebuilding
Yale Bridge  .
Willing to Help
"William," said the good wife,
looking up from her paper, "here is
an article that Bays a man in Kansas
is suing his wife for divorce simply
because Bhe went through bis pock
ets after be was asleep, Goodness
kows, William, the poor woman
probably never got a cent from bfm
in any other way."
"Uh, huh," replied William.
"William," came from the wife,
'don't you dare sit there and uh-
huh at me in such a manner! Wha)
wouid you do if you woke up and
found me going through your
"Who—me?" asked the sleepy
husband. "Why, I'd get up and
help you search I"
The date of Thanksgiving has
been fixed by statute and falls on
the Monday of the week in wbich
Armistice day, November 11,occurs.
Thanksgiving thus falls on November 7 this year.
The mayor and all the aldermen
were present at the regular session
of the city council on Monday evening.
Geo. Domaoag was present at the
meeting and succeeded in miking
arrangements for the purchase of
lot 19, block 4, map 67.
' A petition from tbe. residents in
blocks 7, 8 and 9 protested against
a license being issued and city water
granted for a Chinese laundry in
that locality, as it was considered
that such an institution would be
detrimental to the property in these
blo.ks. Tbe petition was granted.
Tbree old frame buildings in the
West end were sold to Jos Sohoave-
A letter from E. C. Henniger, M.
L. A., stated that Hon. J. H. King,
minister of public works, had as*
sured him tbat tbe full financial responsibility for the rebuilding ofthe
Yale bridge would be assumed by
the government.
Miss Christina McCallum was appointed assistant city clerk and Miss
Taniiis Barlee city librarian.
The chairman of the finance committee reported that $1000 worth of
city bonds which bad matured had
been taken up.
'i'he water and light committee
was authorized to proceed witb the
work of removing the old wooden
pipe on Main atreet and to replace
it with iron pipe.
Forming Good Reading
If parents want their children to
form good reading habits they must
first  form sucb habits themselves.
And   there   is  no better way to do
tbis tban to bring  into tbe   bouse*
hold a periodical that will be of  interest to every member of it;  that
will supply the best reading for old
and young.   Among the  periodica*
of   this   description   Tbe   Youth's
Companion is unique. Not only does
it aim to entertain and   inform boys
and girls in Iheir teens, as its  name
suggests, but there is not a page   in
it  that parents can   pass over with
The 52 issues of 1922 will be
crowded with serial stories, short
storfes, editorials, poetry, facts and
fun. Subscribe now and receive:
1. The Youth's Companion—52
issues in 1922.
2. All the remaining issues of 1921
3. The Companion Home Calen
dar for 1922. All for $2.50.
•I. Or include McCall's Magazine,
the monthly authority on fashions.
Both publications only $3.00.
The Youth's Companion, Commonwealth Ave. and St. Paul St.,
Boston, Mass. New subscriptions
received at this oflice.
The following ii* the minimum
and maximum temperature for each
day during the past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on IC. F. Law's ranch:
Max.    Min.
Oct.    21—Friday    46        34
22—Saturday    55 23
23- Sunday  58        22
24—Monday    48 24
25—Tuesday  44        33
26—Wednesday..-44        36
27- Thursday  44        36
Rainfall  0.71 THE   SUH,   GBAND   FORKS.   B. C.
5to <&xwxb Sffltka §>mt
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) $1.00
One Year (in the United Statea)   1.50
Addresr ••" ——■■»-•-'cations to
The Grand Fohks Sun,
Phonb 101R Giutd Fobih, B. 0.
than males to the thousand. In 1871 there
were fifty-four more women than men in the
th-susand, and now there are ninety-five. It
has beep suggested that probably from the beginning of recorded time there has been a preponderance of women in the world. Otherwise polygamy would not have flourished in
the ancient empires.
The tariff planks in the platforms of the
three parties in the federal elections may be
briefly summarized as follows:   The Liberal
party   demands free wheat, wheat products,
and the principal articles of food; farm implements   and   machinery,   rough    and   partly
dressed lumber, light and fuel oils, twine, cement and fertilizers; substantial reductions in
the duties on clothing and footwear snd other
articles of general consumption, and a British
preference of 50 per cent on all duties. It declares that the reciprocity agreement of 1911
was fair and just, and that its rejection should
receive the condemnation of the   Canadian
people, and expresses the earnest hope for the
renewal of such an arrangement.    The platform advocates an increase of revenue from
taxation of business profits and income.  .The
government platform proposes that the tariff'
shall be so adjusted as (a) to assist in providing adequate revenues; (b) to stabilize legitimate industries, (c) to encourage the establishment of new industries; (d) to develop our
natural resources, (e) to prevent the abuse of
the tariff for the exploitation of the consumer;
(f) to safeguard the interest of the Canadian
people in the existing world struggle for commercial and industrial supremacy.   The platform supports the principle of trade preference
witin the empire.   The Farmer platform denounces the present protective tariff and makes
what it calls "definite tariff demands." These
are (a) a substantial all-round  reduction of
the customs tariff; (b) reduction of the remaining tariff' to one-half on British goods,
ami such further reductions as shall ensure
complete free trade with Britain in five years;
(c)   unrestricted   reciprocal   trade  with   the
United States in natural products; (d) free admission of all foodstuff's, agricultural instruments, vehicles, fertilizers, coal, cement, oils,
and all raw materials used in their manufacture. The revenue lost by the abolition of cus
tonis duties the Farmer party proposes to re-
place by a tax on unimproved lands, taxes, on
personal income, inheritance taxes and taxes
on profit.
When the Winnipeg avenue sheet, last
week, stated that it had been asked not to say
auything more about the recent liquor robbery
in this city, it should also have had the de
cency and honesty to inform the public by
whom the request was made. It makes a great
deal of difference the request was made by
government officials, by police officers or by
members of its own party. The prevailing
impression in the city is that, if it was made at
all, it came from the latter source.
Motorists are cautioned not to make a  nui
sanee of themselves with their horns, but at
the same time they should remember  tha t no
or£ has ever been arrested for using them.
Fifty per cent of the criminality and insanity
of the United States could be done away with
by proper eye treatment in youth, says Dr. R.
C. Augustine, president of the American Op
tomotric association. Every advance in civilization increase the proportion of criminals
and weaklings—all directly traceable to im
proper care of the eyes. Ninety per cent of
the industrial accidents, as well as motor car
and train wreks, are due to poor eyes. Neglect
of a boy's eyes when he is in the earlier grades
of school affects his entire health, and he finds
difficulty in mastering his studies. He leaves
school untrained, uneducated and becomes a
hanger-on on the fringe or society. Neglect of
the eyes in youth is responsible for more than
half of the inmates of our penal institutions.
A large percentage of those now in asylums
would never have been there fiad their eyes
been properly cared for in youth. Eye strain
brings on poor health, nervousness, iusomnia
and other conditions which resnlt in insanity
With our increasing specialization in occupa
tion, our high illumination in cities and our
mechanical devices, we are rapidly building up
a condition which can only result intoore'
criminals and insane unless wc adopt some
sane method of overcoming this tremendous
strain which the eyes were never fitted to
Tuberculosis is decreasing at an accelerated
rate. Its frequency has dropped nearly 60 per
cent since 1865. Th s decline undoubtedly is
due in part to the growing prevalence of
cleaner habits, better food and the cult of the
open window; the adverse food and living conditions, incident upon the world war, set back
the improvement many years in Europe, especially in Austria. Another factor, however, in
the disappearance of thc disease has been
shown to be thc fact that resistance to it is
what the biologists call a dominant hereditary
trait. A dominant hereditary trait is a characteristic transmitted from parent to offspring,
which tends to assert itself in the offspring
over a contrary characteristic whenever the
two are presnt together. Resistance to tuberculosis is an hereditary trait and also dominant, for more children of marriages between
resistant and non-resistant parents will be
proof against tuberculosis than will bc susceptible to the disease. These results give occasion for optimism in respect to the ultimate
outcome of our international campaign against
the white plague, as we are assured that nature is allied with and not against us in the
Perhaps the greatest eye strain of the pres
ent day is the attempt made by some people
to discover the moral in the average motion
picture play.
It was expected that the great war would
increase the preponderance of women over
men in the population of Europe. In England
that preponderance is far greater than was
looked for. Great Britain outside of Ireland
had 1,179,276 more women than men in 1911.
Advance figures of the census of 1921 show
that there are now 1,720,802 more women
than men. The disparity has been steadily increasing at least during the ninety years since
1831, when there were forty more females
Just as Long as You Are Green
You Will Keep on Growing
Address by W. G. Edens to College Girls'
Just as long as you're green, young ladies,
you'll keep on growing. The way to keep on
learning is to realize that you need to learn.
You will learn as long as you try; you will
grow as long as you admit you are green. But
the moment you begin to think you know
enough, you will stop learning. Your mental
growth will end right there.
I began life as a Western Union messenger
boy. I was green and I knew it and I climbed
up because I realized that I had pretty much
everything to learn. So I kept on learning. I
got to be a mail carrier; then I went into the
railway service and advanced to freight and
passenger conductor. I became vice grand
master of the Brotherhood of Railway Train
men. I was assistant general superintendent
of the free delivery system of the postoffice de
partment, As president of the Illinois Highway association I had a good deal to do with
the good roads of the state. I am vice president of a bank now—and I'm still green
enough to keep on growing mentally.
Avail yourselves of everyavenueof-learning.
Do not neglect anything because it seems unimportant. The reason many people miss opportunities is that they have contempt before
they investigate. They do not admit that there
is anything to be learned from a new and un
tried prodosition.
Here are two valuable aphorisms of Ben
Franklin: "Learn of the^killful; he that teach
es himself has a fool for a master."   "He that
won't be counseled can't be helped."
t cro-n"
Only Tablets with    Bayer
are Genuine Aspirin
If yon don't sec thc "Bayer Cross"
on the tablets, you arc not getting
Aspirin—only<en acid imitation.
The "Dayer Cross" is your only way
of knowing that you are getting genuine
Aspirin, prescribed by physicians for
over nineteen years and proved safe by
millions for Headache, Neuralgia, Colds,
Rheumatism, Lumbago, Neuritis, and for
Pain generally.    Made in Canada.
Handy tin boxes of 12 tablets—al»o
larger sized "Bayer" packages can be
had at drug stores.
Aspirin is the trade mark (registered
in Canada), of Bayer Manufacture of
Monoaeeticacidester of Salicylicacid.
While it is well known that Aspirin
means Bayer manufacture, to assist the
public against imitations, the Tablets of
Buyer Company, Ltd., will be stamped
with their general trade marie, the
"Bayer Cross."
You Should Sele-St
.the optometrist who will
examine your eyes and
write for you the prescription for lenses with
as much care as though
you were picking out a
brand new pair of eyes.
It is just as serious a
question. We know
enough about the study
of the eyes to take the
question quite  seriously.
Jeweller and Optician
Bridge Street Grand Forks |
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Poultry Supplies
Grand Forks.B-C
We have secured the
agency for Grand
Forks of a large
Western Publishing
House which manufactures a superior
grade of Counter
Check Books—carbon back and carbon
leaf stvles.
Have by careful and efficient management built up a large
business during the past ten years, and are the lajgest
growers of nursery stock in Western Canada.
A LARGE ASSORTMENT of very fine Fruit Trees and
Small Fruit Plahts are now growing in our Nurseries at
Sardis, which are)being offered to planters at very Reasonable Prices.
THE QUALITY of these trees and plants are of high order
being propagated from specially selected trees of known
• We ai'ge growing a very lino lot of Hoses of leading varieties which have bloomed this season in the Nurserias and
will give good results when transplanted iu your garden
or lawn.
We Solicit Correspondence from intending planters and
urge the placing orders early in the season. WRITE TODAY
The British Columbia Nurseries Co. Ltd
Sardis, B. C. Department C.
Clinton A. S. Atwood, Salesman, Grand Forks, It. C.
Floor Coverings * Right %%*
When in need of Floor Coverings do not forget that we carry a good range of patterns in
Linoleum,    Linoleum   Rugs
r Also Regular Rugs and Mats
We have the kind tliat give lasting service
and are pleasant to the eye.   Our prices are right.
cTWiller £$» Gardner
Home Furnishers
**l In all kinds of work, good results require
good implements kept in good condition.
If the right sort of implement is important to an individual workman, efficient
tools for industryancl commerce are a
•*\\ Telephone service is one of the tools of
industry and commerce in most common
use and upon which much depends. To
transmit the vibrations of the human
voice from any point to any point demands an expensive mechanism of the
highest order of scientific precision and
an efficient organizanion.
f It is onr aim to haye the telephone, with
the co-operation of the public, the most
dependable tool of industry.
Modern Rigs and Good
Horses at All Hours at
Model Livery Barn
M. H. Bams, Prop.
Phone 68 Second Street
Prices Are Right
Encourage Western
enterprises and keep
Western money in
the West.
Any Quantity
from 100 up to 2500
The Sun
Job Department
CV. Meggitt
Real Estate and Insurance
Excellent facilities fot selling your farms
We havo agents at all Coast and Prairie
Reliable information rcga-din? this dlstrct
oheerfulljr furnished. We solicit your inquiries.
Those wishing neat sign painting
to ornament their business places
should call on W. P. O'Connor, a
returned soldier.
Padlock Safety Paper.for private
bankchecks, kept in stock by Th e
Sun Job Department.
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yalb Hotel, First Sthkkt
Transfer Company
City Baggage and General
Coal*  Wood and  Ice
for Sale
Office at R. F. Petrie's Store
Plume 64 THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.
Although only a short time In
existence, the Canadian Authors'
Association has already proved itself
a very active organization, and has
done substantial work for the benefit of the Canadian Author and Canadian literature. The Association
grew out of a recent Convention held
fii Montreal, which was attended by
over one hundred Canadian writers,
many of whom have attained international fame—such as Basil King,
Stephen Leacock, Arthur Stringer, Frank L. Packard, Bliss Carman,
Archibald MacMechan, Robert Stead,
Madge Macbeth, etc.  lt has received
the cordial support of many wjin
could not personally be present,
such as, Ralph Connor, L. M. Montgomery Nellie McClung, Jud-rp
Emily Murphy (Janey Canuck), Harvey O'Higglna, Isabel Ecclestone
MacKay, and a host of others whose
names are household words In Canadian magazines. Librarians were
there, such as Dr. George H. Locke,
W. S. Wallace and Hector Garneau
—also many of the Toronto publishers. A considerable number of
French-Canadian Authors were present, including M. Leuvigny de Mon-
tigny, and Madame Huguenln, whose
writings published under the pen-
name of Madeleine are exceedingly
popular with the French-Canadian
The remarkable interest taken in
this Association is no doubt due to
the growing spirit of national pride,
which has evidenced Itself so strongly in Canadian life, while a special
reason for the Association could be
found in the Copyright Bill before
the Canadian Parliament, which appeared to endanger the rights of
Authors as they nad never been endangered before.
A Committee  was  appointed   to
study and take action on this Bill,
and within a fortnight a report was
issued which undoubtedly has carried considerable weight with the
Government. Other Committees have
since been appointed to promote a
number of practical schemes, with
the object of Increasing the percentage of book-readers in Canada and
of enlarging the interest ln Canadian literature. Thus, for Instance,
the publishers have agreed to cooperate with the authors In organizing a Canadian Book Week for next
November when the attention of the
booltlovjng public will be concentrated on works by Canadian Authors.
This is a month in which a great
many people get books to send
overseas as Christmas presents, and
it Is planned also to encourage people In the West to send books by
Western Authors to friends in tn<
East, and people ln the East to send
books by Eastern Authors to friends
in the West.
The Association anticipates tha!
lf the book-reading and book-buylnr
public is increased in this country,
the Canadian author will no longer
be tempted to desert his native country for the more populous centers of
New York or London, but will find
a sufficiently appreciative public at
homo. Already conditions In this
respect are improving, nnd several
Authors such as Arthur Stringer
have come back from the United
States to live in Canada. A nation
without a literature is as hopeless as
a man without a country, and the,
object of the Canadian Authors' As-,
soclation to promote a distinctive*
Canadian literature i> truly national
In Its scope. THE   SUN.   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.
News of the Gity
Col. Stewart and G. W. Davis, of
Spokane, wbo are interested in tbe
Little Bertha-Pathfinder, inspected
that property the first of tbe week.
They were accompanied by Mr.
Jonas, an expert mining engineer,
It is stated that the engineer gave
tbe shareholders hopes of wonderful
deposits of are in the property, that
would be revealed by further devel
opment work.
Special attention is  called to* tbe
notice of the city clerk in this week's
issue of The Sun. regarding the registration   of    householders    and
licenceholders.     All   householders
and licenceholders who wish to get
tlieir names on the  1922  municipal
voters' list must register at the city
office on or before* the 31st of   October.
Chief Constable Fraser, of Greenwood, is in the city today)
Monday next will be Hallywe'en.
Gates should be anchored.
Richard Michener returned from
the coast on Monday. He will
probably remain here during the
winter months.
No one has yet entered a protest
against the moist weather.
It is reported on good authority
that the contractors of the fifteen
miles of the O^cide-Rosshnd link
of the tr»a*iprovinai»l highwiy hive
beei awarded an additional contract
to surface or top-dress the road,
and that this w_>rk Wi3 started this
Citizans of Qrnil Fjrk.-. ira nkii
to wair a pjppy oa Nivjm'nr 11,
to ba ia ki-jplag wlih tbi "wnr a
poppy oq Armistice diy" idaa,
which ha? taken su-iti *» hold through
out tbe D j ninba.   •
Gorgeous Gaves
The Oregon caves, which a hunter
stumbled upon in 1874. by no means
equalthe Mammoth cave of Kentucky
in extent, but far surpass that of
any other known cave in this country
in natural splendor.
water, saturated with carbonate of
lime, seeping from the ground above,
has slowly incrusted the whole surface
of the cave. Ceilings and walls are
frescoed; alaoves, balconies and corridors are fringed with the most immaculate draperies; floors havo the
lustre of silk and task as if never
miiant for tho troad of mortal feot.
The lormations are curiom; many
bear actual or fanciod resemblance to
objects of various kinds—weird, fantastic, awd-joma. E/orywhore crystal
facots gleam in rooponae to the explorer's light. Hero tho walla glow
softly as with the sheen of velvet;
there they blaze as with  the  twinkle
Too  much meat is not healthy.   We  have some
very choice
They nre appetizing and make an excellent meat
substitute. Also try our Bulk Teas and Coffees.
They are the best in the city.
The City Grocery
R. M. McLeod     | Phone 25 |    H. H. Henderson
Licenceholders and householders
of 21 years or over (including women) who have paid their Road Tax
for 1921 of #2.00, or who are exempt by statute, must register at
City Office on or before October 31st,
at 5 p.m., in order to have their
names on the Municipal List of
Voters for 1922. All former declarations are now void.
* City Clerk.
of distant stars reflected in myriads
of mirrors; e.\erywhere diamond-like
points and facets scintillate with fire
and color.
The caves   have   not been wholly
Established 1910
RealEstute and Insurance
Keildeut Agent Ur mul Forks Towns ito
Company, Limited
Farms     Orchards     City Property
Agent* nt; Nelson, Calgary, Wihiilpcg and
otber Prairie points.  Vanoouver Agents:
Established ln 1910. wc are In a posi lion to
furiil.h reliable information concerning this
Write tor Ine literature
explored, but the visitor can travel
perhaps three miles and a half underground. The trip takes three hours.
The entrance to the caves is twenty-
seven miles from the nearest railway
Litest informvtion s.etn to iadi •
o.li th»t third is ao Iojidttioa to
the wild report ia circalatioa today
th-U a tnin ww .hv, iii killed in
QnenwojJ last night while attempting to rjb tbi go-vdra.mint liquor
store .
Our local mamber's name appears
on two of the select standing com -
mittees of the house—mining and
Robert Lawson returned oa Saturday from Soap Lake, Wash. He
left on Monday for the Mayo Bros .
hospital in Rochester, Minn., where
he will undergo a surgical operation.
J. A. MacKelvie, of Vernon, gov
ernment sandidate in Yale district,
was in the city on Wednesday and
made a trip up into the North Fork
Jack Dempsey, who is pretty W6ll
known in this city, was shot and
instantly killed by a half-breed
woman in Republic yesterday.
Joe Oeschamp tnd Geo. Tierney,
contractors of fifteen miles of the
Cascade Rossland highway, were
in the city on Tuesday.
Mrs. W. Truax and daughter
Winnifred returned on Monday
from a couple of weeks' visit to
A. E Savage assnmed his duties
on Saturday as chief of police.
On and after November 1st until
February 28tb next, the School
Hours shall be" from D:3U A.M. to
12 Noon; aud from 1:30 P.M. to
3:30 P.M. for all pupils except those
in Primer classes. Tbe Primer classes
shnll be dismissed at .'! P.M.
The School conveyance from the
Eastern route will leave Mr. Heaven's gate at 'J o'clock each morning
during November to February, inclusive.
Hv Orper of School Board.
JOHN A. HUTTON, Secretary.
Applications for Pound-
Will be received by the undersigned,
who will also furnish all information as to duties,* fees, etc.
City Clerk.
gusiness Places to £lose
for Unveiling Ceremony
By resolution of the City Council
all places of business in the city are
requested to close from 10 a.m. until 2 p.m on Nov. 11th, so that all
may haye tbe opportunity of attending the unveiling of the Soldiers'
City Clerk.
McGill Centennial Convocation — Lord Byng, Governor-General, after receiving the
Degree of Doctor of Laws, followed by the new Chancellor. E. W. Beatty, K.C.,
President of the Canadian Pacific Railway,
The Vital Issue
"What we hare to decide is this—Are we going to continue the protective
rtm of this country or are we not f That is the question and that it
whole question. And the great, big, necessary thing is that every voter
in this country from the Yukon to Halifax knows that this, is the question
mor the is deciding when he or the votes in this great contest."
THE vital issue in the coining election—
in fact, the only issue—is the Tariff,
and to every clear thinking Canadian
it should be readily apparent that a Protective Fiscal Policy is absolutely essential
to stability, progress and development.
Every important country in the world
upholds Protection as an essential economic principle. Even Great Britain—so
long the stronghold of Free Trade—has
now adopted laws that constitute Protection of the most effective kind. In feet,
the present policy among most nations is
towards raising their tariff walls, not lowering them. In the face of these facts it
would be suicidal for Canada to do exactly
the reverse and discard the fiscal system
which has been responsible for its progress
during the past forty-three years.
Free Trade would mean death to Canadian Industry. It would also result in
the immediate closing down of Canadian
plants of foreign firms, with consequent
additional unemployment. There are to-day
650 American factories alone in Canada.
Similar proposed ventures would be abandoned.   New capital would refuse to come
to a Country lacking adequate protection
£nd present industrial enterprise would be
promptly strangled by foreign competition.
The preservation of the home market by a
Reasonable Protective Tariff is vital to
both city dweller and agrarian alike—now
aa never before. More capital is urgently
needed for the development of Canada's
enormous resources, whicrt will result in
a lessening of unemployment and an increased population. More tvork and more
workers will produce an enlarged home
market for products of both city and farm,
and -the exodus of Canadian men and
women—and the dollars they earn—will
be precluded..
The United States has slammnd her trade
door in the face of Canadian farmers by
adopting the Fordney Bill, ami the former
is consequently now even mor% dependent
upon the home market than in Ahe past
Yet Crerar asks you to destroy lhat home
market by voting for Free Trad*
King's policy—if he has __._
in the destruction of the Tariff,
Meighen stands four square for Reasonable Protection—Protection for tdl
the people—and asks for an overwhelming mandate to give both industry
and agriculture that assurance which will spell prosperity for all. Individual prosperity depends upon National prosperity. Your \st i loiisMiitcreiiti
and Canada s very existence hang upon your vote.
rhliansm t*t0.4sdmam\ wSs&j.
The National Liberal sad Conservative Party Publicity
City Property For Sale
Applications for immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by the Gity, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Prices:—From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Terms:—Gash and approved .payments.
List of lots and prices may be seen at the
Gity Office.
City Clerk.
IT brings the whole country for miles around within easy reach.
Have you seen the new models'! .They're as graceful as swallows! As
bright as new coin! As weatherproof as a duck. Automobile Steel
Bearings. Frame of English Seamless Steel Tubing. Hard Maple
Rims. Hercules Brake. Everything complete, t Real Quality. Real
Value. Easy Terms, We are tbe peoplejjto mount you right.
J. R. MOOYBOER gESfrAfifttt
Open Saturday Evenings Till 10 o'Clock
rw^HE value oi well-
■*■ printed, neat appearing stationery as
a means of getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
Woddiug invitations
Ball programs
Business cards
-   Visiting cards
Sh'ppihg tags
Price lists
New Type
Latest Style]
Columbia Avenue and
Lake Street
THE HUB—Bring your boot
and shoe repairs to my
shop for neat and prompt
work. Look for the big
boot.—GEO.   ARMSON
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
Furniture Made to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinds.
Upholstering Neatly   Don
r. c. McCutcheon   *
Minimum price of first-class land
reduced to JI. an mere; second-class te
1160 an acre.
Pre-emption now confined to surveyed lands only.
■ RSec*Sl ?.m ** granted cover-In* only
land suitable ror agricultural purposes
and which Is non-Umber land.
.. ■r*,,pt5J'.r-,nl? Pre-smptlone abolished,
but parties of not mon than four may
___*_•_***'£_ J°* .■KM""'"* pre-emptions
with Joint residence, but each making
necessary Improvements on respective
claims. em
Pre-emptora mnst occupy clalma for
25 ******** anS make Improvements to
jralue of $10 per acre. Including clearing and cultivation of at i£st t acres,
before receiving Crown Grant
Where pre-omptor tn occupation not
"?i.tha? J J"*", and has made proportionate Improvements, he may. because ot ill-health. or other cause, be
granted intermediate certllleate „l Improvement and transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence may be Issued, provided applicant makes Improvements to extent of
,«» per annum and records same each
year. Failure to make improvements
OT record same will operate as for-
fj__tu?t W* cannot ** °»>'»lned In
ly ..ni? l ******* and Improvements
ofllO.OO per acre, Including 6 aeres
geared and cultivated, and residence
of at least 2 yean are required.
Pre-emptor holding drawn grant
, may record another pre-emption. If he
ffi^,.'r^,nJ!0*Vun,-!S™ Witt. hlS
term, without actual occupation, pro-
Tided statutory Improvements made
and residence maintained on Crown
granted land, ff
Ur.-iurveyed areas, not exceeding 10
.fiffV., !!uly__.l**1 '.TLBea ** homes'lea;
aS*,,**, *** **>******** fter fulfilling resl^
aentlal and Improvement conditions.
For graslng and Industrial purposes
***** exceeding 640 acres toaj be
leased by one person or company;   -
Mill, factory or Industrial sites on
timber land  not  exceeding   40  acres
!llS__,iS.pu.rc*?a,'ed: oono'Uons Include
payment of stumpage.
x-r£S3i*   ***■* ?>•**""  Inaccessible
5_,_S?itotllV» roa*3" ***** be pSnSunS
coirfitional upon construction of a Sad
to them.   Rebate of one-half of costal
E& tatm3rd,n*tatf « «•»"*»
The ex
include _.
rrom for one year from tbs death of
such person, aa formertyTuntUone
£«__■* ■%»; tlwconcluslon 3 the present
J«jct This prtTUeg. Is .tao mid. S-
No fees relating to pre-empUons are
due or payability soldlen on    nri.
-rues are remitted for five yean.
«r^v'_?on '?********■ ot mon-STae.
f ibV™**?* b**° t?ld ***** A»rSt
4, 1814, on account of payments   t**m
interest on agreements to purchase
£lTJ_l<_lr^.tZ.l0tB_.he,d ]}* ™S_1Jen"of
*Jlled Forces, or dependents, acoulred
direct or Indirect, remitted fromT «£?
Ustraent to March ll/liST
sub-purchasers or crown
Provision made for Issuance of
Crown pants to sub-purchasers of
Crown Lands, acquiring rights from
purchasers who  failed    to    comnleu.
Illlment of conditions of purohase In.
torest and taxes. Where sub-purchasers do not claim whole of original par-
eel, purchase price due and taxes may
be distributed proportionately over
whole area. Applications must be
made by Hay _, i»20.
Crazing Act, UU, for systematic
development of livestock lndustryTro-
vidos for graslng districts and range
admin miration under Commissioner
Annual grazing permits Issued based
on numbers ranged: priority for e»te\b-
llshed owners. Stock-ownen may
form Associations for range manage^
ment.   Free, or partially free, porS,,
f".Tbe!S.can,I,w*t™*tt***' "'
If.trLP^SP'V £!nl,!I and serJ:
2JS..?2v?V_»!*r_« *°re«    Tbe
I have opened a new harness shop and am prepared
to make harness to order
and do all kinds of repair
work. Shop equipped with
modern machinery. Ail work
C. A. Crawford
Near Telephone Offiee


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