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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Apr 15, 1921

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 I Wielative Ubrary
is   situated   in
the center of Orand Forks valley, the
premier fruit growing district of
Southern British Columbia. Mining
and lumbering are also important
industries in districts contiguous to
the oity.
Kettle Valley Orchardist
THF  SUN '9 the ■tavorite news-
M. UU UKJLJ  paper 0f the citjzeng
of the district. It is read by more
people in the city and valley than any
other paper because it is fearless, reliable, clean, bright and entertaining.
It is always independent but never
"Tell me what you Know Is true:
I can gueas at well at yoo.
Grand Forks Improve--
ment District Now a
Reality--$150,000 Available for Work This Year
Regina, and Mrs. Roger Clark, Toronto. Mrs. Hector Gunn, wife of
Hector Gunn, of Gunn's, Ltd., is a
sister, and David Morrison, Sarnie,
and Henry Morrison, of Thorah.Ont,
are brothers. Several grandchildren
and great-grandchildren also survive.
Today E. C. Henniger, M.P. P.,
received a telegram from Comptroller of Water Rights Cleveland
saying tbat tbe letters patent of tbe
Grand Forks Improvement District
bad been gazetted yesterday, the
14tb inst., and tbat $150,000 is
available for work on tbe irrigation
eystem this Vear.
* Tbe first thing to be done, pre-
sunsably, is tbe election of a board
of five trustees, under whose supervision the system will be installed.
Only property ownera in tbe improvement district are eligible for
this office, add only property owners residing in the district will bave
a vote in their election.
Things should be in shape to start
actual construction Work immediately after tbe. election. It is proposed to tnstatl unit No. 1, which
embraces the territory south of the.
river from. Carson to the second C.
P.R., bridge, first. Tbis year's appropriation, however, should more
than complete tbis-unit, and there
's hope ot ear|y construction <jf Bome
of the other unite. Whether any
portion of tbe system can be finished in time for service this year is
Died at Age of 96
The Toronto Telegram of the 30th
ult. says: On Februarys, 1921, James
Morrison, who was living with his
daughter, Mrs. Roger Clark, at 492
Ossington avenue, celebrated his 96th
birthday. He was jovia|, healthy and
hearty then, and celebrated his birthday in quite an active manner. Just
two days ago he was taken sick, the
.result of old age, and at 9 a.m, today
lhe passed peacefully away.
He was born near Glasgow, Scotland, in* 1825, in the good old days
of tally-ho coaches and post chaises.
At the age of four he waa brought to
Canada by his parents. When the
party arrived here they proceeded to
Little York. They were aiming for
the oountry now known as Beaverton. They got to Holland's Landing,
and discovered that the only way to
get to their land was to take a canoe
across Lake Simcoe, whieh they did
*. Wheh he grew up James Morrison
farmed at Thorah to whs* hip, near
. Beaverton, until thirty years ago,
when he retired and settled at Beaverton, He and his, parents were practically the fint settlers there, the
family holding land there for sixty*
two years. He remembered ihe Mac
kenzie rebellion of 1887.
Some three years ago he was
brought from Beaverton to see the
Exhibition, and while there com'
mented on the improvements made
since he,attended the first Canadian
National exhibition. He celebrated
bis golden wedding in 1904,- surrounded by all hia family and grand
children, at Beaverton. Deceased was
until the time of Uniou, a liberal.
He was a Presbyterian,- and fer 'forty,
years he was a Royal Templar.. His
wife died twelve years ago, after which
he went to. live with his daughter,
Mrs. Roger Clark, who was then liv
ing vt Beaverton, but who has since
moved to Toronto, Surviving arefour
sons, James, Toronto; H. N., West
Toronto; A, D., Grand Forks, B. C.
W, W. Morrison, California, and
three daughters, Mrs. A. Dobson,
Tisdale, Sask.; Mrs. R. J. Harwood,
Foreigners in Canada
A lady resident of our city, who
is evidently well informed oh tbe
subject on wbicb she writes, sends
tbe following observations on a more
or less live topic for publication in
The Sun:
In a recent issue (February 25)
of your paper I noticed a paragraph
concerning a Doukhobor marriage-
Canadian style, i gather that yon
consider that these people deserve at
least a sporting chance to obey tbe
laws of hygiene, decency and ' morality to tbe same extent as tbose
who object to them.
In this connection the following
extract from a letter of a lady who
is much travelled, ae well as of high
birth, may interest you: "Another
thing that interests me iB that some
of the Doukhobors live near Grand
Forks, and I am a friends of theirs.
I have introductions to them, and I
hope Borne day to go out and stop
with tbem for a few days. They are
a wonderful people, and one must
not get mixed up over tbem and another lot who falsely style themselves Doukhobors. I have tbe
royal commission's report of the
Doukhobors of Canada. Mr God-
sal, of Victoria, gave lectures in
Vancouver on these people and their
leader, PetW Veregin, with whom
he is personally acquainted."
Theoretically I bave always considered tbat foreigners, whether,
whether Douks, Chinks, Coons or
Hindoos—Japs are on a different
footing altogether, and could give
white folks pointers in several respects—should not be segregated,
but should be forced to conform to
the laws and customs of their adopted land. I bave no means of knowing how it would work in actual
History of Famous
British Columbia Ranch
In connection with the announcement with tbe sale of tjie Coldstream
ranoh nearVernon.it will be recailed
tbat Sir James Buchanan years ago
joined with the Marquis of Aberdeen
in the development of tbe estate in
the Coldstream valley which became
widely known as the Coldstream
The ranch comprises 13,000 acres
of some of the finest fruit and farming lands in the province, and apples from its orchards bave by reason of tbe excellence of tbeir quality, won their way into the foremost
place of the markets of the world.
_ Tbe products of the ranch, how,
ever, are not limited to fruit, because tbe lands are so conveniently
situated that mixed farming and
stockraising on the edjoining ranges
are carried on to aayantages.
It is expected that now that the
irrigation systems in the Coldstream
Valley have been taken over by the
newly-incorporated Vernon irrigation district, aided by support from
tbe provincial government, all landowners will be encouraged to develop their properties to their full productive capacity. Under the organised water system, fruitgrowers and
farmers will be assured of a steady
supply of water, at economical rates,
aod confidence is maintained by the
circumstance that while the new
irrigation district can avail itself of
theadvice and experience of the
very best competent officials of the
provincial governments, its affairs
are managed by local trustees or
directors who are selected by the
water users themselves.
Clyde Vessels Will Carry
British Columbia Apples During the Coming Season
iog of the fruit season, at the end of
the summer, we hope to bave nine
of tbe new carriers in tbe Seattle
route. With the nine carriers we
will maintain a three weeks' ached
ule. Regularity and frequency of
service represent one of the great
needs of commerce. Our fleet will
be operated on a regular schedule,
precisely the same as passenger
sbelterd place in tbe apiary
ning water is best.
All weak and queenless colonies
should be united. One good strong
colony is worth many weak ones.
Do not unite two weak colonies, but
unite tbe weak to tbe colonies of
medium strength. Weak colonies
having a queen can be united to
strong queenless colonies.
Brood Should not be taken from
strong and given to weaker colonies
too eerly in tbe spring, but this can
be done later in tbe season after tbe
hives are well filled with bees.
Spreading brood is not advisable, as
it may result in a lot of chilled
Colonies wintered outside are all
the better if kept in their oases until
tbe first super is well filled with bees
Hives in which tho bees have died
should bave all the entrances closed
at tbe first examination to prevent
otber bees from robbing them.
Clipping tbe queen's wings is advantageous in tbe control of swarming, and it is advisable to dip the
queen's wings at tbe beginning of
the first honey flow.
As the season advances and tbe
queen is laying to her full capacity,
a efngle brood chamber will not
have sufficient space for maximum
production of brood. As soon as tbe
hive becomes well populated with
bees, tbe brood chamber should be
enlarged by adding a second Btory
without a queen excluder.
Wanted, A Name for the
City Park-Tax Sale Bylaw Is Given Its Third
Trousers Subject
to Confiscation
Tbe announcement bas been made
on the coast tbat the Royal Mail
Steam Packet company is preparing
to place nine 15,000-ton steamships,
each equ'pped with 3000 tons of refrigerated space, on the route between Seattle and England and continental Europe, according to the
current report of Fruit Trade Commissioner J. Forsyth Smith.
Tbis fleet of new steamers is now
nearing completion in Clyde shipyards, and tbe first one will leave
England next month. The others
will follow as tbey are launched and
equipped. It is planned to have «all
nine ships in service by the opening
ofthe apple shipping season next
This new line will operate a joint
refrigerator service with the Hollaud-
America company, which last autumn took the initial steps in carrying apples to Europe through tbe
Panama canal. With the entry of
the new fleet into service apples may
be transported to tbe European mar
kets in enormous quantities with
mucb less expense and a minimum
shrinkage. It is stated tbat each
boat will be able to load 45,000
boxes of apples in tbeir refrigerator
According to the Seattle correspondent of tbe Fruitman's Guide
(New York) on January 23, Col. E.
J. M. Nash, who was in Seattle as a
representative for the Ropal Mail
line, bad the following to say in regard to tbe new service:
"Our plans for the new service
between Seattle and other coast ports
and tbe ports of England and continental Europe are all virtually completed. The service will begin early
in March, when the first of the new
15,000 ton steamships will sail from
England for Seattle and other coast
ports. Tbe ports on the other side
of tbe Atlantic will include Southampton, where the fresh fruits will
be discharged, and London, Rotterdam, Antwerp and Hamburg. Other
ports will be included te business
"A regular monthly service will
be maintained from the first, six
ships being employed. Tben, ae
other ships are completed, they will
be added to the fleet until the open-
New York, April 13.—A man ar
rested with a flask on bis hip in New
York may have to get a barrel or
taxi to go home in.
The conference of district attorneys,
police officials and magistrates held
Tuesday lo pass on city prohibition
matters, decided on upholding the
police contention that the trousers are
the vehicle of transporation in such
cases and therefore are subject to
Spring Management
of Bee Colonies
[experimental farms note.]
To secure a maximum honey
crop, it is necessary for the
keeper to have all his colonies up to
maximum strength in time for the
main flow jf honey. Tbis can only
be accomplished by careful management during the spring.
Bees that have been wintered inside should be taken from the cellar
at tbe time the willows begin blooming. To reduce drifting, a dull day
should be chosen for bringing tbem
out. All entrances should be reduced to about one inch. Thes can
be enlarged as the season advances.
In some parts of Canada wbere
the spring is long and cold the bees
will need protection when first
placed outside, ln any place they
should be protected against cold
winds by the use of windbreaks.
As soon as tbe weather permits
all colonies should be examined for
stores and queen. Each colony
should have from ten to fifteen
pounds of stores; oloniee with less
can be helped from those having a
Burplus. Before equalizing stores,
however.be oertain that no American
foulbrood is present. If no colony
has a surplus and the beekeeper haB
no combs of hooey saved from last
year's crop, tbe bees must be given
a thick sugar syrup. If the bees
bave been well housed and well
supplied witb stores in the fall, feeding and equalizing of stores will be
unnecessary in the spring.
Water is essential to tbe bees for
brood rearing. If tbere is no water
near the apiary, it is advantageous
to provide a watering place in some
There Ir only One fluorspar mine
developed in British Columbia, says
Vancouver Province, and that is the
Rock Candy mine, located near Grand
Forks in the Boundary, owned by
the Consolidated Mining aud Smelting company. This is one of the largest known deposits of fluorspar. Tbe
mineral is principally used in iron
blast furnaces and smcltejs, in the
preservation of timber, manufacture
of glass and pottery, production of
aluminum, and extraction of potash
from foldspar and cement mills. Its
value to the Consolidated Mining
and Smelting company is in the manufacture of hydrofluoric and hydro-
fluosilica acid ussd in the electrolytic
lead regnery at Trail, Prior to the
discovery of this deposit and its acquisition by the company they wore
obliged to import the mineral. As
the production is considerably mose
than is required at Trail, the company has been exporting it and has
erected a mill to put it into marketable condition by removing the silica
and other impurities. Last year 20,-
000 tons of mineral were treated in
this mill, from which 7500 tons of
concentrates wore obtained of au average of $23 per ton, or a total valuo
of $175,000. The cook house and
other buildings having been destroyed
by fire last week, tlio mine has been
shut down for the present.
. Whe.ie obtainable in sufficient
purity fluorspar is valuable for opti
cal purposes, for which nse it must
be free from clouds, gas bubbles
strains, flaws and fracturm, The
mineral is rarely found of such high
quality, but when so found it is worth
mjney, bringing as high as $30 per
The mayor and all the aldermen
were present at the regular meeting
of the cily council on Monday evening. It was a talkative session, but
not a great deal of business was
Mrs. H.Stacey made a request for
the use of some city lots adjoining
her pcoperty for garden purposes at
$1 per lot. The request was granted.
A letter from C. A. S. Atwood requested tbe city to make tba necessary repairs along the city water
mains running through bis property. Referred to tbe water and
light commitjee.
A letter trom the Grand Porks
hospital stated tbat baby Carruthers
had been admitted as a patient to
the hospital.
A letter was received from the
Trites estate in regard to the property acquired by the city some time
ago through tax sale proceedings.
The council decided to issue a deed
to the widoow on payment of taxes
and costs.
An offer of $100 for block 33,
plan 72, in the slough below the
mounted police barracks, from H.
Anglies, was accepted.
The usual grist of monthly accounts were ordered to be paid.
The chairman of the parks committee reported that tbe brush had
been burned and tbe snags cut out
in the city park. He invited suggestions from the citizens for an appropriate name for the park.
Mayor Hull reported the result
of bis trip to Republic in connection with the Great Northern conference.
The tax sale bylaw was given its
third reading.
The following is the minimum
and maximum temperature for each
day during the past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on K. V, Laws' ranch:
Max.    Min
April   8—Friday    69        23
9—Saturday  G5        25
10- Sunday   72        32
11-Monday    71 36
12—Tuesday  57 35
13—Wednesday .. 54 34
H- Thursday  46 37
Rainfall 98
Few Accidents at
Granby's Anyox Smelter
• The percentage of lost titno accidents at the Granby smelter in
Anyox for the first tbree months in
1921 is reported to have been 72.75
per cent less than during the similar period of 1920. This decrease
is said to have been due to the
safety first measures adopted by the
employees of the smelter. Tbere
were seven loBt time accidents in
January this year, foui iu February
ind two in March. It is hoped to
make April a no-accident mjnth.
The thanks of the company-has
been extended to tbe men for the
wonderful showing made in this re-
railwaymen, announced officially spect at the big plant. Officials of
that these two unions would not I the company arc much olnted that
walk out. The situation is thus I tlie number nf accidents in a smelter
greatly relieved, but the minors arc! where considerably over 1000 men
still out and havednlitiit<>ly declined , ere employed slionld have been so
to reopen negotiations. _      'amall.
London, April 15.—The transport
and railwaymen of Great Britain
will not strike this evening at 10
o'clock in sympathy with the coal
mtners. At the eleventh bour J. H.
Thomas,   general   secretary of   the THE   SUN,   GBAND   FORKS,   B. C.
®he (Srani. Jurka £>im
rate of exchange. AccortJing to some people's
idea of greatness and fame, many workmen
in the Boundary outrank him.
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) $1.00
One Year (in the United States)    1.50
Add res * " -cations to
Tuk Guano Forks Sun,
Phorb 101 R GitANn Fouks, B. C.
FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1921
Some years ago The Sun made a rule not
to publish any communications except over
the author's real name. This rule has been religiously adhered to. This week a number of
communications have been received on the
subject of the new slogan for the district, but
unfortunately the writers have forgotten to
sign their names, and therefore they are unavailable for publication. One correspondent,
however, expresses views on the subject which
are so closely all'ed to our own that we hazard
to qote from the letter and to assume full responsibility for the views which he expresses.
He says: "I wish to protest emphatically
against the u{_e of the proposed slogan, 'Grand
Forks, the Sunshine Valley,' for several rea
sons, chief of which is that it is too much like
"Sunny Alberta," where the crops dry up and
blow away. Secondly, it carries no striking
idea to the prairie dweller, who has so much
sun that he wants to get to British Columbia,
where he has heard there is lots of rain,
Thirdly, there s nothing descriptive about it,
Fourth, the committee from the board of
trade specially appointed to consider slogans
submitted, was entirely ignored, arbitrarily,
by another clique; and lastly, any slogan
shoud be applicable and a real advertisement
—something in which the orchard idea is
It must be admitted that the act increasing
the sessional indemnity from $1000 to $2000 is
not a popular measure in this upper country.
The fact that the Conservative members voted
solidly with the Liberajs for it will not absolve
the government from shouldering the blame
when the next election comes around. The
present tendency is to reduce wages. Therefore
it seems rather inconsistent for lawmakers to
raise their own salaries and to ask workmen
engaged in manual labor on public works to
accept lower wages.
The rancher of this valley have been crying
for water for years, and now that they are
about to get to get it, we hope they will make
good use of it. There is no reason why irriga
tion should not vastly enhance the properity
of the valley. It. has done this wherever it
has been installed in the west, and this district should not prove an exception. The
main object at present is to elect a good board
of trustees. It need not necessarily be a de
bating society. Good talkers as a rule are the
most superficial. What is needed to direct
this enterprise is men of good common sense,
who will give the farmers full value for their
money, and who will see that a permanent
ssstem second to none in the wost is installed
We congratulate our energetic member on
his success in bringing the farmers of the dis
trict within sight of the promised land.
We have heard a great deal of talk this
week about a central packing house. There is
no doubt of the need of such an institution in
this valley. But some of the promoters of the
.scheme—among them men who would not be
financially interested in the enterprise—have
too big ideas. It is a grand thing to talk of
huge undertakings as long as it doesn't cost
anything. Our own opinion is that the time
has not yet arrived for a $30,000 packing
house here. It is safer to start on the first
storey of a building and build up than it is to
start on the tenth storey and build down. If
the big idea men should win the day, we wish
them luck. But we should hate to see another
fiasco like the cannery building, which is a
white elephant rather than an advertisement
to the city.
The recent revolt against communist rule in
Petrograd, Moscow and southern Russia mark
another stage in the decline of soviet power.
We have had to get most of our news either
from Helsingfors, which is a notoriously un
trustworthy manufactory of rumors, or from
Warsaw, which is not much better,but enough
has leaked out in confirmation of the reports
to indicate that this was the most formidable
blow that the Russians themselves have struck
for their independence. The revolt was strong
est in Petrograd, where Bolshevist govern
ment has made life almost or quite unendur
ahle. It is also serious among the peasants of
southern Russia. In Moscow, where the Red
army is in complete control, it was easily suppressed. The revolt was in no sense a royalist
or reactionary conspiracy. According to one
report it was organized by Bourtzeff', who is a
social revolutionary. His party, which is traditionally rural rather than proletarian, seems
to maintain its vitality under Bolshevist oppression better than any other. Another version of the affair is that it was a spontaneous
rebellion of the working classes against the
severity and incapacity of the Moscow government.
The hypocrite prays cream andacts skimmed
The pamphlet entitled "Municipal and Real
Estate Finance in Canada," just issued by the
commission   of conservation,   touches   upon
some of Canada's most difficult financial prob
lems.   It is a clear and convincing statement
by Thomas Adams, town planning adviser to
the commission, regarding housing, land spec<
ulation and high taxes, resulting from munici
pal waste and  mismanagement.  No national
problem in Canada is of greater importance
than that which has to do with the conserva
tion of human and financial resources in our
cities and towns. This pubication emphasizes
that until we employ saner methods in devel
oping our community life any efforts being
made to conserve our natural resources must
be nullified as a result of the careless way in
which the wealth derived from these resources
is dissipated by bad forms of land develop
ment. This pamphlet may be ontained free on
application to the commission of conserva
tion, Ottawa.
Few photographers wonld care to take peo
pie for what they are worth.
Evidently Overpaid l
Seattle, April 11.—An unsolicited
request for a reduction of 10 percent
in wages was presented unexpectedly
to the school board yesterday by engineers, custodians, firemen and janitors who are members os the Opera
tive Employees' association of the
In accordance with the request, W.
B. McNea|, superintendent of buildings and grounds, was ordered to prepare a new schedule of wages and
salaries, The cut will save $40,000
Prince May Pay
Second Visit to Canada
London, April 13*—"1 am iooking
forward to returning to Canada and
renewing my many pleasant acquaint
ances mado there during my previous
trip through Canada.
"I expect to visit the ranch at
Hiijh River, Alberta," said the Prince
of Wales to A. li. Calder of the executive of the Canadian Pacific rail
way, who was summoned to Bucking
ham palace for an interview with the
prince yesterday. .
Mr  Calder chitted  with   members
of   the   staff   who  accompanied  the
prince on his Cunadian   tour,  includ
ing   Lionel   Halsey and  Sir Godfrey
The man mho marries for monev
is a gambler in boarding house fu
Citizens who read of the inroads of fire and
the amount of cutting in Canadian forests fre
quently inquire anxiously of foresters what the
different government forestry departments are
doing in the way of planting trees. This anxiety is a very healthy sign and shows the progress Canada is making in forest conservation,
but at the present time the question is not so
important as the one: "What are we doing to
protect our forests?" This is not begging the
first question, for a forest is not a dead thing
like a quarry' or a mine, but a living thing
more akin to a flock of sheep. If the flock is
protected it increases in numbers, and if the
forest is protected it grows new crops of trees
on the burned-over lands and replaces the
trees cut for lumber. Lumbermen take the
mature trees, but fire takes mature trees, saplings, seedlings, and even the soil in which the
trees grow. In a country with such great
areas of forest land and with such a climate as
Canada, nature will grow new forests rapidly
if only given a chance. But even if it were
not so and planting were an absolute necessity to preserve Canadian forests, what would
be good of planting if our fire protection were
so poor that we allowed these seedlings to be
burned up a year after they were planted?
Planting both in Europe and Canada is necessary in certain cases, but it can not be undertaken until there is seasonable assurance (as
there is in the settled districts of the older
provinces) that these plantings will be protected from fires. The first duty of Canadians
is to protect their mature timber and their
young forests from fire.
Peerless fees are very low for
the dependable, high-standard
quality, just about half that
charged by the one chair dentist.
protects yon at all times.
Ask for Dr. Cohen. I am always
Here to serve you.
Nature Expression 22k. Bridge*
Nature Expression Plates.
Canadian Bonds snd Canadian
Money Accepted at Full Value
"Spokane's Painless Office"
Rooms 205-6-7-8 9-10 11-12,
2nd Floor, Jamieson Bldg.,
Over Owl Drag
Wall and Riverside
Marshal   Foch's salary amounts to  about
$50 per week in American money at the present
Most people are more than satisfied  with
their misfortunes, but not with their fortunes
SelectyourjPoultry Supplies
from the largest and most
complete stock in B. C.
Everything for the Poultry man.
Wire, Fencing and Netting for poultry, farm and
B. C. Agents for
Buckeye, Jubilee, Reliable,
Prairie State and Electric
Incubators and Brooders.
844 Qimbic St.      Vancouver
the benefits accrued fromits prac
tice is the greatest small-
cost blessing in the world
When any other part of
our nature-apparatus fails
to perform its especial
functions it costs considerable money to get
any relief. When you no
longer enjoy clear-sightedness our optometrist
can locate your eye weakness and furnish you with
the glasses that will bring
back your sight. Satisfactory moderately priced
Jeweller and Optician
Bridge Street Grand Forks
Those wishing neat sign painting
to ornament their business places
should call on W. P. O'Connor, a
returned soldier.
Job Printing at The Snn office at
practically the same prices as before
the big war.
Transfer Company
City Baggage and General
Wood and
for Sale
Office at R. t.  Petrie's Store
Phone 64
C.V. Meggitt
Real Estate and Insurance
Excellent facilities for selling your farms
We havo agents at all Com and Prairie
Reliable Information rocarriint. tills dUtrct
cheerfully furnished. We solicit your inquiries.
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Poultry Supplies
Grand Forks,H.C.
Modern lii;_rs and Good
Horses at All Hours at
Model Livery Barn
M. H. Burns, Prop.
Phone 68 Second Street
F. Downey's Cigar Store
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yalb Hotel, First STBBipr
Every Place Is
Next Door
The distance may be only a few miles
or it may be hundreds, but it is next door
if you use your long distance telephone.
The province, or the whole coast for
that matter, is your neighborhood, its
people your neighbors. Your telephone
links to them.
Special rates between 7 p.m. and 8 a.m.
Of all present-day Sewing Machines.
Why buy* a machine at which yov. hava
to sit in an awkward position, when you
may just as well have one with which it
is a pleasure to sew? The White Rotary
Sit-Strate is just the machine you want.
Sold on easy monthly payments by*
cTVliller <& Gardner
Complete Home Furnishers ¥
i   «
(1) United States mothers surrounding bodies
of war heroes brought from France to the U. S,
(2) Dr. Simons, the German delegate, leaving
the Reparations Conference held at Lancaster
House, London Museum, St. James Park, S.W.
(3) The Queen, Prince of Wales, Princess Mary,
arill Rear-Admiral Sir Lionel Halsey, looking at
a model of the H.M.S. Renown.
(4) Soldiers examining arms found in a derelict hotel in Dublin.
(5) Mr. Phillip Kerr, whose resignation as secretary to David Lloyd George has caused a
political sensation in England. He was the
Premier's right-hand man.
(6 Dr. C. E. Sawyer, of Marion, Ohio, the
Harding family doctor, who has been appointed
Brigadier-General in the Medical Reserve Corps
and incidently becomes the official White House
(7) Sir James Craig, the new Ulster leader,
(8 Axel F. Wallenberg, the new Swedish ambassador to the United States and his wife,
who arrived in the United States St. Patrick's
& ercoutiTtmr or c.p/t
(9) The King shaking hands with the British
Navy rugby football team which played the
Army team, at Twickenham, England,
Inspection Room for Immigrants arriving at St. John, N.B.
-4.. :-V.;.____^__|
SYCPl/firfSY xVC.eftJi
Complete, up-to-date terminal accommodation is now installed on the
west side of St. John, New Brunswick, harbor. This new terminal,
Just completed, provides everything
for the comfort and convenience of
the man, woman and child arriving
from the old to a new world.
The difficulties in the past in
handling an abnormal passenger
traffic service have been completely
overcome by the installation of this
modern plant. The superiority of
the new passenger accommodation
lies _ mainly in the provision for
continuous handling of passengers
through immigration, baggage, ticket assembly and other departments
without the exposure of travellers to
weather and inconvenience in journeying to and fro in tiresome dock
* Ample accommodation is provided
for baggage (from the largest class
of ships) to bo spread on the floor
of a well heated and lighted baggage
hall at one time in alphabetical order, giving a spacious section to each
letter, thus avoiding all confusion
and delay.
The building is five hundred feet
in length by sixty feet in width and
has a well covered platform on both
sides.    Three   lines   of   tracks   are
located immediately in the rear of
the wharf sheds.    Baggage is load-
|j ed into cars on one side of thc shed
" and passengers entrained from  the
opposite  side,  sliding   doors   being
■rovi.led   at   frequent   intervals  on
***! Hoth sides.   This room being electric
|*| lighted, steam-heated and well venti
lated, has proved a valuable factor [
in  rapid  embarkation    to   waiting
In designing the now immigration
quarters, evory consideration has
been paid to the comfort of the incoming settlor. The social side has
consideration, in the fact that British-born, both men and women, have
special dormitories and quarters.
Like arrangements and comforts are
provided for foreign born. The interior work throughout the buildings
is excellent, the floors in polished
hardwood, the walls and ceilings in
Pedlar metal sheeting, harmoniously
painted in two shades of gray. Heating, lighting and ventilating systems
are carried out in white and silver.
Thc result is a building commodious,
comfortable, bright and sanitary.
Passengers are landed from the
ship's gangway on the floor of
wharf-shed through an inclined covered passageway. In the Immigration Hall separate examination
rooms are provided for Canadian and
U. S. services. After examination,
tho passengers emerge into a railway ticketing hall, where tickets can
be obtained for the railway journey
to the interior destination. Refreshments may also be purchased
for the train journey by those who
do not wish to make use of dining
cars. The passengers then enter another covered passageway which
leads across the tracks at high level
and then down an inclined rampway
into the middle of the baggage shed.
Baggage is brought ashore and
placed in the shed Efefon is!
are landed, where it is claim* I,
amined and checked as soon .1? ticketing is completed.
Tne waiting room is filled witb
wall seats in the form of three sides
of a square in each structural bay,
and hns a seating capacity for three
hundred persons. It has toilet accommodation of modern sanitary
type and a nursery, fitted with cots
and chairs. This is operated by tha
Red Cross Society where children's
food may be prepared on an electric
stove. Children's clothes may be
washed and dried in a special room.
Thc waiting rooms are sheathed
with Douglas Fir, natural finish, and
are well lighted with large windows.
Emergency exit is provided by
means of an inclined rampway to
the ground.
The new quarters are reached from
an examination room in the upper
floor by means of an open bridge
across the intervening tracks at high
level. The entrance from this bridge
is into the large recreation room. In
the men's quarters a large dormitory
and a small dormitory are provided
for foreign men and a small dormitory for British men. A disinfecting toilet and hath room is also provided. The dining room and kitchen
are also on this floor. A central
corridor leads to an emergency exit
with a rampway to the ground from
the end of the building. A separate
passage way leads off to the women's quarters.
They have a large dormitory for
foreign women, and one for British
women.    A   matron's   room,   store-
moms   and   an
die of 1 cuiuui
pletion by the mid-. THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS.   8. C.
News of the City
A telcgrata receive f' ii tl ;. ci'
Wedi.rsdny H'ated that thf* Great
Nirtbero railway would commence
t > operate a Iri weekly pissenger
ctrvice on lhe V., V. & E system
on rhe 27th inat. The trains from
Spokane no-ll'i will run on Monday**,
Wetlnepdayp nnd Fridays, and the
siutti ii'iund on Tuesdays, Thurs-
dayi and Satvyd*y9,
tion with the foundry. Some of the
equipment for the shop has already
arrived at the works. The foundry
continues to do a good business^,
and a force of workmen is given
■steady employment.
Krnest D. Parkinson, aged 19
yc-are, ivh-i curie to tbia city about
two years ago from Knglaod, died
in the Grai.d Forks hospital list
Sunday from tuberculosis. Deceased was employed on H. W. Col-
V'tit? rinch up to his last lllnes?.
The funeral wag held on Wednesday
afternoon at 3 o'clock from the Anglican church, where the service
was held. Interment wis made in
Evergreen cemetery.
In the cases of Sloan vs. Helmer
and ihe Maple L-*af Company vp.
Plot Nikoff, tried before Judge
Iirown in the county jourt last Friday, judgment waa reserved.
People have been "fed up" on
sunshine, and they bave begun, to
realize tbat it is a poor diet. Every
j-rkwater town bas "sunshine"
twisted in some manner in its slogan.
Why not call out valley "Fruitful
Valley?" That would at least mean
a square meal. Some of the pioneers
of our city had very wise heads on
tbeir shoulders. They called Grand
Forks tbe Gateway City. Tbe city is
really tbe gateway fmm tbe south
to an empire of wealth.
100,000 ounces and copper by 5,-
750,000 pounds over the previous
The C.P.R., it is stated, will inaugurate its summer time card on
May 22, wben daily trains will
again be run over tbe Kettle Valley
The Boundary Iron Works is  in-
BtalHhg i irnihine shop  in  cinnec-
Some of the streets connecting
with the main trunk roads leading
into tbe city are badly in need of
ballasting, and Ibere is an impression among some ratepayers that
these should be attended to before
side s'reets are graded.
The Granby smelter at Anyox
treated 200,000 tons mjre ore 'for
18*20 than 1919. wben operations
were hampered by fire and labor
troubles. The Granby company increased   its   silver    production   by
Is Canada to  Bar   The  Door?
Labor leaders and the Labor
Press want immigration stopped.
Lobbyists have been busy at Ottawa for some time picturing before members the fearful results in
unemployment that would likely
follow if Canada does not bar the
door to immigration. The unemployment situation is not a new
problem. Winnipeg and Canada
nave been dealing with it annually
for the past twenty years. Any excess in unemployment at the present
time is due to the fact that the public Btopped buying goods made dear
by too high a cost of production, in
which labor figures largely. There
is abundance of Work in Canada and
there will be plenty for everybody
to do — immigrants and all — for
years to come. The present difficulty is that capital will not gamble on the present high cost of production. Therefore it is not the
scarcity of work that is causing the
trouble but the scarcity of capital.
The propaganda that Labor leaders have been spreading in the Labor
Press is of an entirely selfish and
class distinction. The phase of the
immigration question considered by
them, is how will immigration affect
Labor supply, or to be more concrete, how will It affect wages?
Labor leaders speak of possible immigration aggregates that will
likely flood Canada, but they never
eliminate the 30 to 40 per cent, of
women, school children, and under
included in immigration totals, that
do not enteT the labor market. Sta
tistics show that of every twenty
male immigrants over 21 years of
age. the average is about three skilled laborers, ten unskilled workers,
and the other seven of professional
and miscellaneous occupations. What
would Canada have done in pre-war
years without immigration? Where
will Canada be if the resolution now
before the Ottawa House "that all
immigration be suspended until a
normal condition of affairs is established," is considered. There is a
general impression that the only
immigrants Canada needs, are those
going directly on the farms. That
is true, but will the immigrant coming to Canada go directly to the
farm? Mr. W. S. Bennett, member
of the United States Immigration
Commission, who worked two and
a half years investigating the question of immigration abroad, challenges any statement that the cities'
laro the wrong place for the immigrant, so far as tho immigrant is
Mr. Bennett goes on to say that
the Immigration Commission found
the fact to be that 98 per cent, of
the immigrants in a general way,
and sometimes' very specifically,
know what employment they aro going Into before they leave their
homes, their wives and other dependents. The reason why the immigrant goes to the cities, Mr. Bennett explains, is that he has a better
chance to earn a little ready money
and that there »Te also opportunities for him, if he is of a foreign
tongue, to talk to men of his own
people, who speak his language,
which is most essential during the
time that he ts learning the English language and the local situation. "If the opportunities on the
farm are greater than those offered
in the city, the immigrant will soon
find it out .and act accordingly,"
says Mr. Bennett.
Mr. Bennett asks the question
should anyone blame the newly arrived Immigrant fot going to the
place where he finds compatriots, a
place of worship, and helpful sur-
roundlngs for him to get the right
Start In a new land. If he cannot
speak English, he has an opportunity in the first few nwnths to gain
a wider knowledge of f.Canadian conditions from people of his own birth
who are always to bo found In the
cities and towns. If when the immigrant first lands he ts not trained
or even equipped to go out on  the
firairies to settln down and get a
iv'ing from the soil, what is the use
of sending him oOt there to become
a disgruntled and dissatisfied citizen? ImmigTatittn is a problem of
great consequence to the peonle of
Canada to-day. Immigration has a
great influence on industry and on
our prosperity which Is the basis of
revenue for the government. The
public generally, should seriously
protest against any governmental
action which would prevent the en-
try of desirable immigration into)
Canada. A constructive policy of
selective immigration is needed and
it is up to Canada to establish a con-i
structive policy based on a careful:
examination of conditions here and;
abroad to the end that it may safe-!
guard our interests and promote the1
genera! welfare, regardless of any:
one class. j
Canada needs new people, needs
them badly, on the farms and in all
lines of industrial activity where it
is now almost impossible to get men
to do the great amount of necessary
rough labor to keep industry moving. Certainly, there are' people
who should not be permitted to come
into the country, because in the very
nature of things their admittance
means conflict and radical social
disturbance in our midst. Canada
already "has its share of this class.
Canada is not the congested country that Labor leaders would have
peoolc think. Canada covers an area
of 3,603,910 square miles. Now let
us deduct one-third, or say 1,200,-
000 square miles of what might be
classed at present, as undesirable or
unproductive areas. This leaves a
basis of approximately two and a
half million square miles. Canada
could absorb the entire population
of the British Isles (England, Scotland and Ireland) and then have 350
less people to the square mile than
now exists in the Old Land. Placing our present population at 10,-
000,000, that means an average of 4
people per square mile in Canada.
If this two-thirds of Canada were
as densely populated as France, we
would have a population of approximately 482,600,000 people and yet
France is not a densely populated
country. It has substantially A
thrifty, farming population; it haa
forests and large unoccupied areas.
If this two-thirds of Canada were
as thickly settled as the United
Kingdom, we would have a population of over 65,000,000 people. Taking Canada's greatest immigration
year (1913) as a basis for computation, it would take over 250 years
for this country to become as thickly settled as even the United States
—not counting the natural increase.
We don't have to go abroad for
comparisons. Let us take the provinces of Prince Edward Island and
Nova Scotia. If the four Western
provinces were as thickly settled as
these two Eastern provinces, we
would have a population West of
the Great Lakes of over 27,000,000
people and to settle this many people it would take above 135 years
with as great an influx as we had
to the West during the banner years
of 1911, 1912, 1913 and 1914 —
not. even taking into account the
natural increase. Here Is the situation in so far as Western Canada is
concerned. Speaking in round numbers, Manitoba has but six people
to every square mile, Saskatchewan,
two to the square mile, Alberta less
than two, nnd British Columbia practically only one to the square mile.
Giving every possible allowance for
waste land and reducing our square
mileage down to productive areas
the very suggestion that immigration should be curtailed in any restrictive capacity at all, permits of
no basis  for argument. i
The population per square mile
for Great Britain and Ireland is 874.
The population of Prance taken by
the census of 1913, gave 40,412,220
or a population of 193 persons to
the square mile. In 1912 the population of Belgium was 7,610,418 and
the population per square mile was
658 parsons. The population of the
German Empire in Europe in 1911,
was 60.100,000, or a population of
311 to the square mile.
In face of the above, is there any
wonder why the people of Great Britain, of France, and of Belgium,
should not be turning their eyes to
a country such as Canada where
the possibilities for the future are so
great? Is thore nny rrnson why as
a part of the Great British Empire,
wc should close our gates to tho
peonle of Great Mritfin'especially,
or to the peonle of France, Belgium
or the United States, from whence
so mnny desirable citizens have
come to us. In the interests of the
country, we should have n cons.rue-
tive and not a restrictive policy of
Immigration, — Employers' Association of Manitoba.
Born—In Grand Forks, on Monday, April II, to Mr. and Mra. Geo.
Elliott, a eon.
Mre. R F. Petrie returued from a
month's visit to Vancouver yestet
Only Tablets with "Bayer Cross"
are Genuine Aspirin
John Grassick underwent a sue
cessful operation for appendicitis on
Born—In Grand Forke, on Sunday, April 10, to Mr. and Mrs. C.
Brau, a eon.
Mrs. E. Larsen underwent an operation last week in the Grand
Forks hospital for appendicitis.
In spite of the high cost of fruit
trees, a large number of them have
been planted in tbis valley this
spring. .
Next Sunday the orchards in the
valley should begin to put on their
annual dress of flowers,
If yon don't seo tho "Bayer Cross"
on the tablets, you are not getting
Aspirin—only an acid imitation.
The "Bayer Cross" Ib your only way
of knowing that you are getting genuine
Aspirin, prescribed by physicians for
over nineteen years and proved safe by
millions for Headache, Neuralgia, Colds,
Rheumatism, Lumbago, Neuritis, and for
Fain generally.   Made in Canada.
Handy tin boxes of 12 tablets—also
larger sized "Bayer" packages ean be
had at drug stores.
Aspirin is the trade mark (registered
in Canada), of Bayer Manufacture of
Monoaceticacidester of Salicylicacid.
While it Ib well known that Aspirin
means Bayer manufacture, to assist the
public against imitations, the Tablets of
Bayer Company, Ltd., will ba stamped
with their general trade marie, the
"Bayer Cross?
is thoroughly dependable. It is guaranteed to last for years of constant
service. Our assortment is varied
and complete. We can furnish an entire service of every requisite of a refined table or single pieces which may
he added to later. You will find onr
prioes very moderate considering th
quality of onr merchandise.
, Expert Wateh Repairing
JOHN    GRASSICK W-*cl™*er    -.nd    Jeweller
The valley has been visited by a
number of heavy showers during
tbe past week, but tbere is still
room for more.
The meeting of the Fruit Grow-
era' association in the Davis ball
last night was well attended in spite
of the rain. Stock in the central
packing house project is said to be
selling well.
Houses I
Want ed
I am revising my listings of houses FOR
you will sell or rent
let me know your price
Land, Houses and Insurance
Cycling is easy when you ride tbe high-grade Bicycles
I sell—tbe wheels that run smoothly year after year. Let
me explain to you my easy sale plan on terms.
First-Class Repair Work done in Blacksmithing, Brazing,
Aluminum Soldering, Oxy-Acetylene Welding, Wood-
work, Etc.
Open Saturday Evenings Till 10 o'Clock
Tbe Consolidated Mining and
Smelting company is shipping a
large amount of spelter from the
Trail smelter to Japan.
Japanese investors propose opening up tbe low grade ore bodies on
the Ikeda mine, Moresby island, and
to install a mill.
Established 1010
Real Estate and Insurance
Resident Agent Orund Forki Townsite
.. .     Company, Limited
Farms     Orchards    City Property
Agents nt' Nelson, Calgary, Wlhnlpcg and
other Prairie polnta. Vunoouver Agent*:
Established in 1010, we ara tn a position to
furnish reliable Information concerning this
district.   "
Write for free literature.
Sauce for the Gander
•'I'll ring for Nora to bring a fresh
pitcher of water," said the professor's wife.
"You doubtless mean a pitcher of
fresh water," ber busband corrected
her. "I wish you would pay more
attention to your rhetoric; your mis
takes are curious."
Ten minutes later tbe professor
said, ''That picture would show to
better aa vantage if you were to hang
it over the clock."
"You doubtless mean above the
clock," his wife retorted demurely.
"If we were to hang it over the
clock we couldn't tell the time. I
wish you would be more careful
with your rhetoric, my dear; your
mistakes are curious."
Tbe American congress will make
an attempt to kill the Valstead law.
It would have been easier to kill
Volstead.before the law was passed
Padlock Safety Paper,for
hankchecks, kept in Btock
Sun Job Department.
by Tbe
Furniture Made to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinds.
Upholstering Neatly   Don
THE HUR—Bring your boot
and shoe repairs to my
shop for neat and prompt
work. Look for the big
boot.— GEO.  ARMSON
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
40c per $100
SELLING—4-room house, 3  lots,
for $650; central.
The Fruit Lands Exchange
Bnrlce's Cornier Office
SEALED TENftERS will be reoolved by the
Disttlotfl. Forester, Nelson, not later than
noon on the 2-nd  day of April, 1921   for thc
purchase  of   Licenac X9S8. near Weatbridge,
to cut 76.000 board feet of Sawlogs aad 2700.
Hewn Ties. '
Ono year will be allowed for removal   of
Further pactlmilara of the District Forester,
Nelson, B. c.
All Tied Up
For want of help. Our
Classified Want Ads.
will untie the knots.
We make this a good
paper so that intelligent people will read
it. and they do.
Isn't that the kind of
help you want?
m^tmV.1 ___.«•,..
We have secured the
agency for Grand
Forks of a large
Western Publishing
House which manufactures a superior
grade of Counter
Check Books—carbon back and carbon
leaf styles.
Prices Are Right
Encourage Western
enterprises and keep
Western money in
the West.
Any Quantity
from 100 up to 2500
The Sun
Job Department
HE value of well-
printed, neat appearing stationery as
a means of getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated* Consult us before going
Wedding invitations
Ball programs
Business cards
Visiting cards
Sh'    ing tags
Price lists
And commercial and
society printing of every
Let us quote you our
New Type
Latest Style!
Minimum prlo* of first-class land
reduced to IS an aan; second-class to
t*-M en acre.
Pre-emption now confined to sur-
▼eyed land* only.
Records wUl be granted covering only
land suitable for agricultural purposes
and which la non-timber land.
Partnership pre-emptions abolish**,
but parties of not mora than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with Joint residence, bat eaoh making
necessary Improvements oa respective
claims. ..
Pre-emptors must occupy claims for
flr* yean and make Improvement* to
value of $10 per acre. Including clearing and cultivation of at least § acres,
before receiving Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor In occupation not
less than I years, and haa mad* pro-
years, and has mad* proportionate Improvements, he may, be-
canso at Ill-health, or other cause, ba
granted Intermediate certificate of Improvement and transfer hts olaim.
Records without permanent residence may ba issued, provided applicant ni.-'hos. Improvements to extent of
fMO per annum and records aame each
year. Failure to make Improvements
or record nam* will operate aa forfeiture. Title cannot b* obtained in
lass than 6 years, and Improvements
of $10.00 per acre. Including 6 acres
cleared and cultivated, and residence
of at least i years are required.
Pre-emfltor holding Crown grant
may record another pre-emption, if he
requires land ln conjunction with his
Imnk, without actual occupation, provided statutory Improvements made
and residence maintained on Crown
granted land, i*
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding M
aeres. may be leased aa homesltes;
UU* to b* obtained after fulfilling residential and Improvement cond
Wot graslng and industrial
areas   exceeding   (40   acres   may   be
leased by on* person or comix
Mil*, factory or industrial
timber land  not  exceeding   H     	
may '     -mrchased; conditions Include
paymti.c at stumpage.
Natural hay meadows Inacoesalble
by existing roads may be purchased
condlttooal upon construction of a road
to tham. Rebate of one half of oost of
road, not exceeding half of |
price, la mad*.
Columbia Avenue and
Lake Street
PR*.EMPTOR*'     nW
Th* scop* of thia Aat la i
Ing with Ul* Majesty - -_-..--.
tlm* within which th* heirs orl	
of a deceased pre-entator may apply
for UU* under this Aet tt extended
from for on* year from tke death of
such person, aa formerly, until, on*
year after th* conclusion of the present
war. This privilege ia also mad* retroactive-
Wo faaa ratattngte wa^gpttttai an
due or payable by eoMfcrs on are-
emptlons recorded after Jane M. UU.
Taxes are remitted1
Provision for return of
■J™.**,*" Md bam paid a
4, 1(14, on account of r
or tax** oa soldiers' pri. _
Interest on agreements t* purchase
Provision   made   for   touanee   of
Crown grants to  sub-punhaaars   of
tereat and taxes.   Where s
era do not claim whole of original bar-
eel. purchase price due and Zm* mi.
be   distributed   —JSlSSSiffiH" .■__■___.
whole  area,
mad* by May
qrazino. •*\a^a^amm
Graslng Act, UU. for systematic
development of livestock IndusbTpro-
vldes for graslng districts ahdrangs
_ulmlnt-.ir._Mon under Commlseion.r
Annual gracing permits Issued based
on numbers ranged; priority for wallrZ
llBhed oJSei»W|^aKSJ«S,,TS5
form Araoolatlons for range management.   Free, or partially n-ee. pemlts
I   proportionately   over
,AgjJ>-*»Uoiu) muat ba
 !        I
I have opened a new harness shop and am prepared
to make harness to order
and do all kinds of repair
work. Shop eauipped with
modern machinery. All work
C. A. Crawford
Near Telephone Oflice


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