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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Dec 9, 1927

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Array Before you can work to some purpose you must have some purpose
a ii
VICTORIA—'Farmers representing
all parts of British Columbia assembled here on Friday as members of the advisory board to the
Planners' Institutes, to map out a
program which will vitally affect all
the agriculturists of the province.
As foresht flowed by delegates, this
comprehensive program will Include
as its most Important features:
1. Proposals for the inauguration
of a province-wide state health Insurance scheme on a contributory
basis, for the beneflt, not only of tamers, (but for all workers not protected
by the workmen's compensation act.
2. Recommendations for changes
In the new marketing law to make
this measure more effective ln some
Would Curb Inroads of Oriental.-*
3. Representations to the legis'a-
ture In favor of some drastic alction
to curb the Inroads of Orientals in
agriculture, a matter closely linked
with the success of the marketing
4. Inauguration of a mv/ arrange
ment by which the advisory bot-rd
will have the right to nominate members on the game conservation board
so that the Interests of farmers in
game administration may be fully
5. Consideration of the proposal
that the Farmers' Institutes of British Columbia affiliate with the Canadian Council of Agriculture.
Would  Cut Cost of  Mcd!;al  Service
•Probably uprermost in ths minds
of tho agriculturists war; the question of state health insurance and
medical service for people ln rural
districts. On this, ns on all other
matters.the advisory board will make
representations to the house at its
forthcoming session through ths agri
cultural and other standing commit
Every district through it Farmers
Insttitute has gone on record as favoring a thorough investigation into
the possibility of providing the province with a broad system of health
Insurance. This scheme, it is
thought, could be framed to provide
medical service in outlying dlstmlcts,
and also hospital treatment at convenient points for rural patients.
One of the greatest needs of the farm
ing population of the province, they
say, is better medical attention, particularly for maturnity cases and for
children. The health insurance
scheme proposed by the farmers,
however, would embrace all workers,
except perhaps those already protected by the workmen's compensation
The marketing and Oriental questions, as they will be discussed at the
conference here, are interlocking.
The farmers believe that the new
marketing law so far has been an ey-
traordinary success, but that the
Orientals of the province are its chief
menace. Delegates said they were
convinced that Oriental farmers were
organized ln an attempt to smash the
law through legal appeal now under
way ln tt Kamloops case, and they
declared this was only another evidence of the Impossibility of working
wltb Orientals.
The whole weight of the Institute
movement will 'be thrown behind the
law now under attack, and to this end
minor changes will be urged to tight
en up the present regulations. In addition the advisory board is expected
to ask the legislature to take action
to curb Oriental penetration gener
Same questions are Interesting
farmers all over the province, judg
ing the comments of delegates here
The proposal that the advisory board
be allowed to npmlnae members o
the game conservation board seems
to have general support as a meas
ure likely to give the farmers' view
. point adequate presentation.
While the board will debate th'
advisability of affiliating with thc
Canadian Council of Agriculture, tin
outcome of the discussion could no:
be foreseen.
The various districts are repre
sented at the conference as follows:
Vancouver Island, C. B. Whitney
Griffiths, Metchosln; Skeena and
Bulkley. J. -I. Turner, Smithers; Ne-
chafeo, R- C. Ramford, Endako; Kam
Ioqm. William Harrison, Prltchard;
Lower Fraser Valley, J. Bailey, Sardis; Okanagan, M. P. Williams, Vernon; Wast Kootenay, O. B. Appleton,
Proctor; Eaat Kootenay, A. B. Smith,
"Tell me what yoo Know is tru-»
I can tain* aa well as yon."
A flne epitaph won't boost a man
trhough the golden gates.
VANCOUBER, Dec. 4.—The
policy of the MacLean administration as outlined by the premier to an audience of 3000 persons
at the Arena t,uditoriuc Thursday
night, 1 s briefly . summarized in the
following pa ragra phs:
Ko attractive offer for the Pacific
Great Eastern lijas yet been received
by Uie provincial government from
•C.isaO.ij two transcontinental rail-
w :•' h: htcr.is.
railing a reosonable offer for the
ro i, then in my view the govern-
•■■■-.'. should complete it from Vancouver to Prince George, and later
oxtond it to the Peace river country.
British Columbia is more prosperous than ever before in its history.
Our credit is the highest of any province lu the Dominion. No other
provinco cr,n borrow money at such
,i low rate.
Taxation has been reduced at the.
■■ate cf $500,000 annually for each of
Oho past flvo years. This year the
total will be $2,500,000 less thtta It
was live years ago.
Iwo million dollars is annually applied to th2 sinking fund out of current, revenue. The total sinking
fund is greater than the combined
sinking funds of any other five provinces in the Dominion.
Premiers Ferguson of Ontario and
Ttteehereau of Quebec are support-
in;, British Columbia's claim for the
return of the railway belt and the
Peace river block.
Hidden City of ttie Incas
A Picture of
Sunshiny Age
(The following story tlpptared In
the Toronto Mail and Empire on the
25th ult. As some of thi; members
of the Atwood family live In this
city, the article Is of more or less
local interest.)
TALL, slender, with shoulders
still unbowed, in spite ot their
weight of eighty-eight years,,
Msr. Atwood of Ashelworth ln Lake-
Held, brings to us the grace of mind,
and the graciousness of manner that
belonged to that Victorian age of
which those who knew it not tit all
speak with such withering scorn. All
her surroundings are Victorian—the
wido hall of the house, where two
pianos live comfortably without jostling and with stairs coilling up past
a great window which sheds light
down on many beautiful things that
have shared the family llfe for many
generations; the long drawlng?room,
with Its pictures, its china. Its silver
and its brass, and flowers glorifying
it everywhere; the green lawns,
hemmed in iby hedges, where the
four-footed friends ot the family, and
an occasional wild bird, come to have
a crumb, or tl drop o f milk, when the
rest are having afternoon tea; and
the good aood andd pleasant talk of
books and blossoms, of art, of music,
andd of the homely matters of the
A Daughter of the Farm
For this charming, cultivated woman, whom you would suppose had
never seen a kitchen tind had lived
her llife ln luxury, with servants
waiting on her every wish, is a daugh
ter of the fiarm, and brought up her
children on the farm, and today the
gossip ot things of the farm, the
chickens, the crops, the gardens, thc
cattle, shares her interest, wdth books'!
and needlework, and music and the
companionship  of  friends.
Besides being a farmer's wife and
daughter, in a very practical sense,
Mrs. Atwood, once dn -her girlhood,
and once when a young mother, suffered that terror of farm folk—flre.
Just before her marritige her aunt,
the famous Agnes Strickland, who
wrott ehe "Lives of the Queens of
England," sent her young niece a
priceless wedding gift—a bridal
gown of 'Limerick lace. But flre
came on the Traill farm before the
wedding day, and lt swept away theI
dress, along with many other treas- j
(Continued on Page 4.)
ONE of the most remarkable accomplishments in uncovering
the secrets of the past in the
Western hemisphere was the discovery a years ago of Machu Picchu,
hidden refuge city of the. Incas, In
the mountain mastnesses of Peru.
The discovery was made by an expe
dition sent out by the Nt tional Geographic society and Yale university
under the leadership of Prof, Hiram
Bingham, now United States senator
from Connecticut.
lihe historical geography of the
Ancles of Peru and Bolivia offers a
series of problems of intense interest. These include the origin of the
ancient cities, such as Tichuanaco,
Mezco and Machu Picchu; the relation of the digerent types of architecture, including the monolithic, the
adobe and the rubble; the question
cf the migration of races, the spread
cf the ancient civilization, and the
senutnee of cultures, besides a thou-
st lid and one queries as to the manners -ind customs, government, religion , and philosophy of those illiterate but very skillful engineers and
soldiers, the Incas, and their prodc
cessors, the "Megalithic Folk."
Machu Picchu was flrst found after
?. climb over mountain ridges and,
along sheer cliffs. Later the remrllns
of old highways were found. It thus
appears that the builders of Machu
Picchu had an elaborate system of
highways throughout this little
known and almost unexplored country which lies between the Urubam-
bt1 valley and the Upurlmac. This
region  was  once  densely populated
past built  themselves  a  city of  refuge.
Since they had no Iron or steel
tools—only ston0 hammers—its construction must have cost many generations, if not centuries,, of effort.
Across the ridge, rind defending the
builders from attack on the side of
th3 main mountain range, they constructed two walls. One of them.con-
stituting the outer line of defense,
loads from precipice to precipice,
ulilizing as best it can the natural
steepness of tho hill.
Beyond this, and on top of the
mountain called Machu Picchu, which
overlooks the vtilley from teh very
summit of one of the most stupen?
dous precipices in the canyon, is constructed a signal station, from whioh
tho approach of an enemy could be
instantly communicated to thh city
below. Within the outer wall they
constructed an extensive series of
-igrlcultural terraces, stone lined and
ilveraging about eight feet high. Between these and the city is a steep,
dry moat and the inner wall.
When the members of an attacking
force had safely negotiated tha precipitous and easily defended sides of
the moat, they would still And them
selves outside the inner defenses of
the city, which consisted of a wtill
from fifteen to twenty feet high.com-
posed of the largest stones that could
be found in the vicinity—many of
them huge bowlders weighing many
tons. This wall is carried straight
across the ridge from one pecipitous
side to the other. These defenses are
on the south side of the city.
On the north side, on the narrow
ridge connecting the city with iluay-
and Machu Picchu was Its capitaLL,,, picchu, strong defensive terraces
There are no other ruins In the re
gion that approach the hidden city
In magnificence, although there are
tl great many whose architecture
bears a striking resemblance to the
less Important buildings in Machu
Picchu itself.
Study of the remains found at Machu Picchu indicate that we have
hhere an essentially Inca city, using
the term Incd ln its most reasonable
sense—that is, to designate the tribes
and nations that occupied the major
part of the central Andes from earliest times down to the Spanish conquest.
Lack- of timber, the prevalence of
heavy rains during ptirt of the year,
and the ease with whioh stone might
be procured early led to the development of stone as a building material.
Strength and permanence were secured through the keying together of
irregular blocks. The upper and lower surface of these stone3 werefre-
quently  convexed  or  conceived. ^
In construting their walls the pure
arch was not evolved, They developed several ingenious devices, such
as "lock-holes" for fastening the bar
back of a door; "ring-stones," which
were inserted in the gables to enable
the roofing beams to be tied on; pro
jecting stone cylinders, which could
be used as points to which to tie tho
roof and keep lt from blowing off.
The ancient builders also provided
tor ventilation and drainage,
Although the buildings are extremely well bultl, there is no cement
or mortar in the masonry, and then-
is no means of preventing the root:;
of forest trees from penetrating the
walls and eventually tearing them all
down. In several cases gigantic
trees were found perched on the very
tips of the gable ends of small anrl
beautifully construted houses. It wai
difficult to cut down and get such
trees out of the way without seriously damaging, the house walls.
City of Refuge
Machu Picchu was essentially a
city of refuge. It Is perched on a
mountain top in the most inaccessible corner of the most inaccessible
section of the Urubamba river. Apparently there ls no part of the Andes that has been better defended by
A stupendous ctlnyon, where the
principal rock is granite and where
wero strategically placed so as to
render nil the danger of an attack on!
that side.
Construction  of the   Houses
On entering the city, perhaps the
flrst characteristic that strikes one
is that a large majority of the houses
were a story clnd a half In height,
with gable ends, and that these gable
ends are marked by cylindrical blocks
projecting out from the house insuch
a way as to suggest the idea of the
ends of the rafterB. The wooden
rafters have till disappeared, but the
ring-stones in which they were tied
may still be seen.
The next most conspicuous feature
Machu Picohu is the quantity of
stairways, there being over 100 large
and small within the city. Some of
them have more than 150 steps.while
others have but three or four. In
some cases euch step is single block
of stone 3 or 4 feet wide. In others
the entire stairway—six, eight, or ten
steps, as the case might be—was cut
out of a single granite bowlder.
The largest level space in the city
was carefully graded and terraced so
lis to be used for agricultural purposes, on the products of which tho
inhabitants could fall back for a time
in case of a siege.
It seems probable that one reason
why the city was deserted was a
ch.-.nge In climate, resulting in scarcity of water supply. At the present
time there are only three small
springs on the mountain side, and in
the dry season theso could barely
furnish water enough for cooking
and drinking purposes for 40 or 50
THE Granby Consolidated Min
ing, Smelting & Power con;
pany decided to pass the qjut:
terly dividend for the third qjunrtei
of the year, as the outstanding 0 lucent first mortgage bonds will be re
tired out of profits of May 1 next. II
seems that by somo curious provincial law a larger tax is tevied on the
dividends of companies hr/ving bond;
outstanding,] and, therefore, thong;
the funds for the dividend had beer
earned, it is to the interest of share
holders to allow them to remain ii:
the treasury until the bonds have
been paid  off.
.Ihe Granby Consolidated Mining,
Smelting & Power company nude an
dptrating profit of $374,635, before
depreciation and depletion, for the
third qjuarter of this year. This com-
rpres with profits of $513,591 for the
second qjuarter of this year and
1595,666 for thg third qjuarter of last
year. The profit for the nine months
before depletion and deprcciiltion
was $1,182,175, as compared with 9
profit of $1,486,997 for the first nine
months of 1926. Duriug the third
qjuarter the company produced 18,-
259,896 pounds of copper at a cost ol
9.886 cents per pound, f.o.b. refinery,
before allowing for depreciation and
depletion, but including all operating-
expenses, with deduction for precious
metill values and all niiscellaneou
income. The company's Allanby mills operating tilicieutly, both as tp
costs and tonnage; the latter is ex
ceeding the expected capacity al thi
time the m'" replacements were
planned, Improvements to tlie mill
started at the beginning of the yen
have been completed, and beneflcia'
results therefrom now are being fell
VICTORIA, Dec. 4.—llritish Co-1
umbia government bonds suid
last Friday on a 4.b2 basis, tiie
best price obtained by any provnee
in Canada since 1913, it was nu-
nounced at the finance department.
An issue of $1,000,000 wtb bought at
this figure by a syndicate composed
of the Royal Bank, A. T. Ames it Co.,
and Wood, Gundy & Co.
The bonds were floated under the
last loan act for public works and refunding purposes as an addition Lo
the amount bought by the same syndic, Ite some time ago. In accepting
the syndicate's bid on the original
issue, the government agreed to sell
debentures to the further amount of
$1,000,000 to these vnanciers should
they desire tliem, if the price were
satisfactory. The result was a pri "
by which the government will pny
only  4.12  per cent interest.
This is the best price received by
nny province or by the Dominion itself this year, finance department of-
vcials said. Tho average cost of
money to British Columbia for the
entire year is thus reduced to 4.57
per cent, the lowest average of any
Rossland, Doc. 6.—Doukhobors ir
Rossland, members of the Christina
Community of Universal Brother
hood, having establ shed colonies at
Brilliant and Grand Forks in British
Columb t|, and in Saskatchewan, ar,
to leave this city and neighborhood
according to report current in the
It bas been known s nee the visil
of young Peter Beregin to Rossland
soon after his arrival in British Co!
umb a, that the members of the col
ony in Rossland appeared to be un
settled, and thoe it Trsll were in o
like, situation, many of the latter
hav ng left Trail and vicinity and re.
joined the colonies at various point s,
The Doukhobors own considerable
property in Rossland, and also the b Q
rr|nch north of the city, formerl>
owned by the late Charles Peter.s
They have placed all their residential property on the market, and it
is said they have been ordered to rejoin the colonies and will do so in
time for next year's ranching operations.
Thore i»'e probably 201) member:
of the colony in Rossland, including
men, women and children, and man.,
of the children have been attending
the public schools.
A  new   smelter   will   probably  be i
constructed on the coast within tho |
next two  years, as  a result of the j
acqjulsition of the RafU3e claims on i **—**m*^*^*^*m»_>>_•>>>>>>>>>_
„ „ „ a x. ... c. su „ i ss,™ B and C grade potatoes to Vancouver
Ilowe Sound by the Consolldtlted Mm : .
!„     «. a    ,.i ,!.,„  without a license from tho enmmitte
ing & Smelting company,  according     ' H    ,
„(*    .1 .,',,,,,ttttt    art,    t.—    tttt    IS...    Tip,Hal,    t*
to officials of the  chamber of mines
ASHOROFT, Dec. 7— Di spite
knowledge that his action would tn
vito his prosecution, W. II. Ham
mond, ono of the largest potato grow
ers In the Ashcroft district, this af
ternoon  shipped a carlotu of milxed
at Vancouver.
Besides the Rafuse property, which
Ib said to be rich in copper ore, the
smelting company holds the Coast
Copper property, containing soveral
million tons of copper ore, the Sunloch property on Vancouver island,
find other claims In the Pbrtland
Canal    district,    lncludl ng    the T!!g
A dispatch from Victoria is to th ■
effejet that comniod ty production
of mines In British Columbia was
greater for tbe current ye;|r than
n 1926, but there was a lower value of minerals on account of tho decrease in prlcel of several mineral;,
J. D. Galloway, provinc al mineralogist, stated before the opening session of the Brit sh Columbia division
of the Cnnadian Institute of Mining
and   Metallurgy.
Product on by thc end of Decern 1"/
this year would be, lie said, about
$67,200,000 compared with $67,000,00:;
n 1926. At last year's prices thi
year's production would have li
370,000,000. Production of coal hi 'I
shown a goneri.l Increase.
The outstanding event of the year,
according to Mr. Galloway and olli r
speakers,  was  the  great  amount ■ i
development  work  undertaken.  Production would have, been much gr
er had not milny of tho larger ci
panics been engaged on develops-)
and  construct on  work.
111 order to afford every facility Hi.
the mailing of Ohrlstmts parcels, the
post otlice will remain opon Wedne:
day afternoon the 14th and also on
the 21st, tho usual closing period being waived on these two dates.
Pack your gifts with the same car-'
hat you used in selection. Your par-
eel might lie placed in Ihe bottom of
the mail bag, the bag at the bottoi i
of a pile. Tako time. Use extra
packing mi ILerialand heavy wr;
ping paper. It may cost a little
moro, perhnps a few cents, but will
help to ensure safe delivery. Pack
Adress your parcels, letters and
post cards legibly, ilnd to street and
number.    At this season nf the y- ,
all post office staffs and equipment
will b(1 taxed to capacity. Help us
give prompt service by using pen and
Ink. Block and printed letters are
dei in ible, as thty are more easily
read.    Address   fully.
the precipices are    frequently   over;,,.        .     ,„   ...
.etc.*   *   x     - .   j.™    s.s       Missouri.   All   these   properties   are
1000   feet  sheer,   present  difficulties; _ AV_ ._____\ x „..__   __* __**.
of attack and  facilities  for  defense
n the development stage, and work
ls being carried on energetically io
the point ot act ve production.
second to none. Here on a narraw
ridge, banked on all sides by precipitous or nearly precipitous slopes, 'i
highly civilized people—artistic, In-1 Officious people think ther;, "ought
ventlve, and capabie of sustained en-' to bc an organization" to act as aux-
deavor—at aome time la the remote iliary to the Resurrection.
if direction set up by the British C
lumbia fruit marketing act. Me i-,
thus deliberately violating two regu-
1; ->ions of this governing body, omit shipping without a license, and the
other of shipping c grade product,
proscribed  by the committee.
OITAWT, Doc. 7.—Addressing thel
lion (cultural council this morning,
P. M. Black, head of tho British Columbia n:arl.eting board, explained
how compulsory cooperation t-Hnontr
fruit dealers in the Pacific coast prov!
ince waa being achieved with desira-j
ble results. The council will appear
before the tariff  board  tomorrow.
VICTORIA, Dec. 7—If W. H.2IIa*<i-
mond of Ashcroft, gue-:: ;i!iead With
his  plan to defy  tho Interior corn-
Mail must. b0 posled In plenty of
time. Hhere are unavoidable delays
nnd congestions of malls which hinder delivery. Somehow a gift, delivered after Christmas looses chs
Avoid disappointment. Mail earl .
and ensure safe, sure prompt
Thfi public is informed that all parcels  intended    for    delivery    before
Christmas  Bhould   be  mailed  at   thi
Grand Forks post oHlce on or before
the    following    dsltes:    Parcels    ad
dressed     Maritime    provinces,   p<
13;   Quebec,   Dec.   14;   Ontario,  Dec.
16;    Manitoba,    Dec. 16;  Saskatcb
wan, Dec. 17;  Alberta, Dec. 17;  British Columbia, coaal  and interior.Pr
19;   British  Columbia,  locill,  Dec.  '
Insure all parcels of value.
mittee of direction and the new Bril
Ish ''olumbia marketing law, he will
be instantly prosecnted, just as a"
Ashcroft Chinaman was prosecul i
with success, Hon. E d. Bi i n
minister of SsgTlculturCi, declared t .
ih? (Snmb Mark.. 9>\m
ne Year (in Canada and Groat Britain) 81.00
ne Year (in the United States)      1.50
Addres* ■-■■ ** —--'cations to
•Thb Ghand Pobkj Suh
Phohr l(Jl Giiasd Forks, B. 0*
Notes • Notions • Notables
POLITICAL CIRCLES at Victoria are said to be all
A agog over the discontent which continues to reign
within the ranks of Lhe Conservative party. Supporters
of -Mr. Bowser ard supporters of Dr. Tolmie meet one another on the street in that city, it is reported, tind ln
Vancouver as well, and almost glare at one another as
if they were deadly enemies. Many of them have been
stirred by the editorial which appeslred in the Vancouver
Daily Province, a warm supporter of the Conservative
party, which drew new attention to the serious rift in
the party ranks in this way: "lhe event of Kamloops
was hailed It'st year' as something which, the domestic
affair of the Conservative party then, was bound to be
very much the a.fair of British Columbia on election day.
The drama of Kamloops wt|s the fifth act of an old family
quarrel. Mr. Bowser had made his movinb speech ol
renunciation and farewell. The devoted followers of Mr.
Bowser proceeded to demonstrate that they were not tak-
inv him at his word. The convention was deadlocked between the partisans of the old leader who had made his
personal gesture of abdication and the opponents of the
old leader who were determined that he should be taken
at his word. That is old history at this time. Everybody knows how true is that statement of the essential
conflict which gave Kamloops significtlice in the politics
of Eritish Columbia. And now a year has gone by, and
the Conservatives are meeting in this city today (the
meeting was held on November 26th) to review the consequences of Kamloops. And unless we are greatly mis
taken, t|nd unless that is malicious rumor which Is to be
heard wherever two or three politicians are gathered to
gether nowadays, the Conservatives of British Columbia
are going to find it necessary to assure British Columbia
that they meant whrit they said when they prevailed
against the reluctance of Dr. T-olmie, and persuaded him
at last to accept the leadership of their party. It Is none
of oUr business, in one sense, what the 'Conservatives do
in their domestic affflirs. But it will become everybody's
business tomorrow, or next year, and we shall have our
share in that business then. And looking forward to the
next election, and as that coming event casts Its preliminary shadows, we think the Conservtl ives would do well
to dispel those doubts we have mentioned." Many Conservatives now, of course, no longer have any doubt
about the split. They no longer shut their eyes to the
fact that the annual meeting of the Victoria Conservative
fjssociation was marked by a small riot, that Mr. Twigg
would not attend because of "internal disloyalty," that
the Conservative Daily Colonist demanded an J'immedi-
ate house cleaning," that the Oak Bay Consemitives virtually demanded that Mr. Bowser efface himself from
public life altogether, and that, generally, the Conservative ship seems to be without ot rudder.
THE central t|nd southeastern parts of the United
States have more tornadoes than any other region oi
the earth, according to Dr. W. J. 'Humphreys, meteorological physicist of the United States weather bureau.
Dr. Humphreys in a discussion of these phenomena, gives
t| list of twenty-six conclusions regarding them, with localities, seasons and weather conditions propitious to
their formation. Dr. Humphreys records tornadoes as
virtually unknown elsewhere exeept, perhaps, in southern
Australia. 'l;he waterspouts occasionally seenby ships
in tropic;,l seas are much milder, and Dr. Humphreys believes them probably to have a different origin. The essential cause of the destructive American tornadoes lie,
Dr. Humphreys concludes, in interaction between air currents produced by the much vaster air whirls which
meteorologists call cyclones, corresponding roughly to
the "lows" of the weather map. These lows move across
the United States ln continual succession. In addition,
there exist contrasted areas of high pressure, called "anticyclones." When cyclone t;,nd anticyclone react on each
other they may create, Dr. Humphreys believes, the con
dltions that make tornadoes probable.
CITY folk may beat the farm inhabitants in health, but
not in length of life, is the answer by rural authorities to city-life advocates. It's provoked by the staement
of Dr. George E. Vincent of the Rockefeller foundation
that city people lire healthier than farm folk. That's because of the farmer's neglect of minor physical defects,
says C. E. Lively, professor of rural sociology at Ohio
State university. "But because the farmer has a sturdy
constitution, and because he lives in the open i.,lr and
exercises constantly," Professor Lively continues, "he
manages to live longer than the city man. Of a given
100,000 population in urfbau and in rural states, 60,959
males re; i li tin uge of fifty-two In the urban districts,
and 69,96:1 in the rural districts; 26,260 urban males and
41,486 rural males live tl be seventy-two years old. Tiie
big cities are ahead of the country ln sanitation, in caring for common physical defects. But they haven't yet
found a substitute for the farmer's naturally healthful
occupation. That is still ti problem of tho city man of
sedentary pursuits."
A GOOD many rare and valuable historical objects were
apiurently mislaid during the turmoil of revolution
and are only gradually coming to light. One of the recent tliuU, writes the .Moscow correspondent or the Chris
titln Science Monitor, in tha connection was a number
of printed decrees dating from the time of the French
revolution, which were discovered on the estate of the
landlord Sologub.in the Sepukhov region, south of Mos
cow. Another was a series of letters from Goethe to von
Humboldt, written between 1825 and 1830. Thhese letters had somehow found their way into the geological
FOR the sake of health, everyone should strive to maintain the normal weight, for his 'height, and age, to ibe
neither too fat nor too thin, declares Ethel Somers, dietetic expert, in an article in Liberty. "If one e;,ts s great
variety of foods in quantities sufficient to maintain normal weight," Miss Somers maintains, "the diet is usually
a    satisfactory    one.   Every    pound  of body weight Is
known to be the equivalent of -W00 stored calories, yet
counting crfories ls no longer considered essential reckoning in the program of getting fat or thin. A liberal
and persistent daily use of simple foods, which do not
upset digestion Ib the best way to put on weight," the
writer continues. "Out of door activity, limited exercises, warm clothing and change of health habits, especially sleeping haibits, will help in the struggle which
in time will meet with success. Adding avoirdupois
necessarily means eating regularly more than one needs."
UQHE'S my girl," is oarroled by every male human
ij heart when in love, but the girls themselves have
never agreed upon what "he" ls to them. {Some twenty
names "be" has been given are listed by a writer in the
Survey, ranging from the romantic but discarded "betu,"
to the modern steady, cutle, sheik, date, and even boy
friend. The writer Eleanor Rowland Wemb ldge, makes
a plea for the world to get busy and find a noble name
to denote the attendant male person—a word free from
self-conscious personalities, one not too humorous, apologetic, romantic, ude, rustic or in any way specivc, yet
one applicable "equally to Zeke the baggageman or the
Prince of Wales." How about it, girls? Wh£|t ls hi to
THE largest municipal cttmpaign ever undertaken to
teach water safety to children has been started by Los
Angeles. With the present motto of "Every sixth grade
boy and girl a swimmer," the children of tnat grade
throughout the city will be formed into classes to be
taught swimming by pith-grounds experts at the municipal pools. IWhile the present campaign is confined to pupils of the sixth grade, the scope will later be enlarged te
take in thousands of other children of the public schools.
WHEN Joe Clukey, a Maine sailor, pulled a sculpln out
of Rockland harbor, he found he had caught a flsb
with a history. Firmly embedded in the fish's tail wu
a piece of rusty wire and attached to the wire was ;.
small water-soaked piece of wood on which was cat ved:
"A. K., June 19, 1919, Northeast harbor, Me." If the specimen in question followed the shore line from Northeast harbor to Rockland, it swam about 100 miles.
FARMING experiments undertaken hy the British government in Windsor Great forest having failed, golf
is to supplant crop raising there. Windsor Great forest,
which was cleaired during the World war, is to be the first
state golf venture in Britain, although many municipalities have tried the idea with success. Two 18-hole
courses are to be laid out in connection with a building
development plan.
ALL modern conveniences are included in homes under construction ln South London, England. Among
the devices are a radio set, a violet ray apparatus for
treating the skin, an electric refrigerator, an electric
washiing machine, central heating, room-to-room telephone, loud speakers and an electric vacuum cleaner.
DEAD 2000 years, the Roman theater at Pompeii was
born to new life recently, its afneient stage was trodden by the sandaled feet of actors and actresses performing one of those plays which doubtless were the delight
of Roman audiences twenty centuries ago. A cosmopoli
tan audience of some thousands gathered in Pompeii to
witness the unique event.
A RECORD speedy justice is cltBmed by the police for
'*■ Northampton, England. Mrs. Mary Bland applied at
the police court for a warrant against her husband for assault. The leitter was arrested, tried and sentenced to
fourteen days' hard labor exactly fifteen minutes after
lhe application for the warrant was made.
THE scarcity of tin haB led to the discovery of a substitute that may revolutionize the canning industry.
Black pate, lacquered and welded together electrically
and not with solder, has been found to be a highly satis
fefctory substitute.
FLAKES of super-cold snow may be used to fight fires
if the efforts of German inventor prove succ ssful. His
fire-extinguishing apparatus ueses the same gas that
makes bubbleB In soda water, but cool d to *100 degrees
below zero. When this is released lt insttmtly freezes
into snow-flakes which are blown ov r the blaze.
Poems From EasternLands
The Dove to er/se an aching breast,
Jn piteous murmurs vents her cares;
Like roe she sorrows, for opprest,
Like me, a load of grief she bears.
Her plaints are heard in every wood,
While I would fain conceal my woes;
But valn's my wish, the briny flood
The more I strive, the faster flows.
Sure, gentle Bird, my drooping heart
Divides the pangs of love with thine,
And plaintive rmirm'riiigs aye thy part,
And Silent grief and tears are mine.
—Serage Alwarak.
o4ncient History*
These are puzzling days for the poor rancher. He
doesn't know whether to do his fall ploughing or to
start in with his spring planting..
Frache Bros., of the Columlbia) greenhouses, are now
shipping fowers as far east as Moose Jaw, Sask.
lhe MacDonalds, of the Grand Forks Machine & Steel
Structural Works, say they are milking rapid progress
on the big flue dust chamber ai the Granby smelter and
ekpect to complete the contract by New Year's. They
also report having received a number of Important new
contracts during the week.
The Grctoby works, after a close-down of three weeks
on account of the low price of copper, will resume operations next week.
Fl^e Spice of Life
She was not old, and she was not
young, ajnd she was just a little sensitive concerning her age and humorously aware that to be so was absurd. So she told the census man
the truth; but she had observed that
he was Irish and had a merry eye.
"I am thirty-eight,"she owned.wlth
her' most Ingratiating .smile, "but
wouldn't you shade lt a little?"
"Maybe I could now," said he. "Let
me see—about thirty-eight, you say,
ir somewheres thereabouts? That
might be thirty-five, belike, or maybe
thirty-four, or more like by the looks
of ee thirty-three. Thirty-three Is a
foine age for a woman; she ls in the
full of iter prime at thirty-three.
Thirty-three lt Is me/am, and thank
ye for obliging me with the information. There's a person on the next
street, street, and she considering
herself a lady, and well brought up,
I'm told; and when I asked her age
yesterday, says she,1 'Me age ls me
own affair.'
'"llEtybe It ls that, ma'am,' says I,
'but if you'll not be telling me it's
free I am to be guessing as best I can
and putting down the age I think ye
are'—and so I did."
"And what age was that?" For his
eye invited a question.
"Forty-two, ma'am." But there was
al twinkle ln the eye that moved her
to inquire, "And was that really her
"It was not thin. Twinty-Beven
she ls; but that I did not know till
today, when I asked me aunt bh%t
was friend to her nurse when she
was a ibalby and went to the christening. I guessed my guess with no inconvenient information ln my mind
''Oh, how could you!" cried the
lady, laughing. "Fifteen years! Poor
"It's a pity she wasn't like yourself, ma'am, knowing the use and the
grace of a soft answer," solid the
census man, shaking his head. Twin-
ty-seven she waB but yesterday, poor
lady; but It's her own fault entirely
that now she's forty-two."
A house painter once sat next to
the great Sargent and asked him for
the loan of a mcltch. Then, noticing
the great painter's brushes, easel
and box of colors, he said genially:
"I see we're both ln the same line.'
"I see we are," said Sargent, with
a laugh.
"I've been whitewashin' a barn today," said the house uainter. "How's
trade with you?"
"Brisk," said Sargent. "I coated a
village this morning and gave second
coats to a castle, ai river and a mountain this afternoon. I finished up the
day with a bash of lightning—gold-
leafed her, you know."
"Gosh, some hustlin'!" said tbe
house painter. "You sure must be
on piece work."
A Scotch lad, say tshe -Continent,
having taken a prize in a difficult
competition, was confronted by the
teacher who ajsked doubtfully: "Who
helped you with your question paper,
"Nobody,  sir."
"Come, now, my boy, I know all
about your capacity and abilities,
and I know you never answered
those questions alone. Tell me honestly, now, didn't your brother do
pat ofr the work?"
James,    alter    sofme deliberation
"No, sir, be did it all."
Absent-minded persons—usually pro
fessors—have become common figures In the world of humor, but their
adventures are usually so amusing
tbat fmesh ones may be welcomed.
In "Forty Years of 'Spy,'" Leslie
Ward, the well known London artist,
tells a good story about Lodr Crewe.
Lord Crewe's extraordinary absent
mlndedness was proverblejl, and since
he was not aware of his weakness,
other people often took advantage of
lt. He used to dine at tho Athenaeum club, usually at the same table.
Another member came rushing ln one
dtly to obtain a place for .dinner for
himself. All being engaged, the
waiter was obliged to refuse the late
comer, when the hurried member
pointed to an extra seat.
"Oh, sir," said the waiter with
apologetic deference, "that's Lord
"Never mind," said the urgent
would-be diner. "Tell him when he
comes—that he's dined!"
It is to be supposed that the njan
found a way to make the deception
worth while, for when Lord Crewe arrived the waiter met him with surprise and quiet eypostulation.
"Have you forgotten? You dined
an hour ago, my lord," he said.
"So I did," murmured the poor victim, as he turned ajway and left the
dining room.
Applications for immediate purchase of Lois
and Acreage owned by the City, within the
Municipality, arc invited.
Prices«--From S23.-O0 per lot Upwards,
Ter ins:—-Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may be seen al ihe
Cily Clerk.
Sometimes the informality
of the spoken word
is more effective
than a letter.
British   Columbia  Telephone
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year
Soviet Russia Now Flans Bigger
Wool Production
A Russt-n family 0/ tht priisperoiu l.rming peasai," class.
The -visit to the United States, at
this time, of Michael S. Pereferko-
ritsh, manager of the live-stock department of the Soviet Russian government, Prof. Michel F. Ivanoff of
a Moscow agricultural university,
and N. N. Klebnik, official interpreter, carries with it all the significance of a step to progressive and
modern methods in the new Russia.
According to these three representatives of the Soviet government,
Russia now has about 80,000,000
sheep and hundreds of millions of
head of other live stock.
Ramboulllet rams have beeh purchased by them, not to Increase the
number of sheep, but to improve
Quality. It 5s expected that a better
grade of wool will be produced by
nrosstOt ot breeds. In this connection, ffleep shearing machinery was
bought to supplant the old-time hand
blade;t. This in itself is expected to
.ncres <,e tho wool crop about 1%, not
because tha machine shears closer
tnan hand blades, but because it removes the wool evenly and ln an
unbroken blanket, having no ridges'
on the sheep.   %
Russia ls anxious to enlarge its
•textile business with a view to pro-
tuclng ita own wool for manufac
turing purposes. Another committee
from that oountry has been studying
textile mills ln Pennsylvania and
Admittedly, there ls great need in
Russia for farming Implements at
tne Russian farmer now-has practically all the land.he wants, but la
unable to develop all of his ground
because of lack of farm machinery.
Another great need is dairy machinery such as-milking machlnoa,
cream separators, pasteurizing machinery, horse and cow dipping ma
chine's and butter-making machinery.
M. Pereferkovitsh said he intended
to buy more than 6,000 Sheep, but
owing to misinformation an to tht
best buying season, he arrived in this
country too late to get all he wished,
and so expects that next year as
many as twenty men will be sent to
this country to make these par-
Russia is doing everything possible
to improve farming and dairying
methods. Graduates of agricultural
schools are teaching farmers an?1
dairymen modern methods and the
use of modern machinery.
Many things point to Russia as
one of the world's . great future
sources of dairy produota. THE SUN: GBAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
The Devil's Potholes
National Park, ia one of the
natural wonders of the entire
Rocky Mountain region. A vast
cleft in the solid rock, reaching a
depth of some 200 feet, and so narrow in places that one may step
across it easily, draws from the
tourist expressions ot awe and
wonder at the power of accumulated forces of -water.
Entrance to Cave, Maligne Canyon
Tumbling headlong down the
narrow gorge goes the Maligne
River, mysterious as to its source
and for part of its length a subterranean stream, on its way to
join the quieter waters of the
Athabasca far below. At times on
its passage through the narrow
gorge, it tumbles more than one
hundred feet in a sheer drop, its
eddies being churned to foam as
tha waters beat a tattoo   against
tho_ rocky sides of the canyon on
thoir downward leap.
Prom the footbridges which span
the narrow gash in the solid rock,
tourists watch entranced the effect of the waters on the rocky
'•J sides. Here and there, seemingly
tired of the effort to stand upright
through the centuries, the sides of
the gorge appear to have leaned
toward one another, until an intervening rock cast itself into the narrow space and held the walls apart.
Trunks pt trees and jutting rocks
form footbridges across the chasm
a hundred feet below the tourists'
feet, as they stand admiring the
glint of the noon-day sun upon the
falling water.
Maligne Canyon is a mecca for
visitors to Jasper Park Lodge, the
splendid log-cabin   hostelry of the
tural rock formations to equal in
interest those found in the canyon
The Devil's Potholes, curious indentations in the solid rock over
which the Maligne River flowed before the Canyon was worn to its
present depth, are holes worn deep
in the surface rock by the action
of swirling flood waters, when a
large stone has been whirled round
and round in an untiring circle
until the stone itself was worn
small ahd round, and deep circular
holes have been ground into the
surface of the rock, remaining as
mute testimony to the power of
rusl mg waters.
Maligne Canyon, while one of the
most wonderful formations to be
found in the Rocky Mountains, is
but one of the many natural attractions of Jasper National Park
SSSft ¥*£ "M^-H oVpedd,tpea"ksheoneevrv ^e!"X
rightly so, for there are few na-1 clacicrs of Mount Edith Caveil and
The Canyon in Winter
the mountains surrounding Maligne Lake, the Hoodoos of the
Cavell motor highway and hun-
dreus of others. Wild animal life
is abundant, and the calm peace of
'""out-of-doors is assured to tha
tired holiday-seeker.
And in addition to the natural
beauties of the Park, a commodious
log cabin bungalow hotel; with excellent cuisine and all the comforts
of the modern city hotel, provides
a starting point from which parties
may radiate by motor or pack-
horse or afoot to travel by motor
road or pack trail into the very
heart of the wilderness. it was
the ddition of the comforts and
conveniences of Jasper Park Lodge
to the beauties of Jasper National
Park which caused one noted
American traveller to exclaim: "At
las! I have found the place, where
Gott and man eo fifty-fifty to
produce perfection."
TiHB following statement, Issued
by the committee of direction,
gives the total movement of all
tre fruit and vegetable products
from the interior of Britlah Columbia
to Canadian points only for the season of 19-27 to delta.-
These figures are final in practically all cases, except apples, onions
and potato s:
Duchess    _     43,639
Delicious    125,858
Jonathan   _  227,232
Mcintosh      g78,255 j
Wealthy    .'.   267,855 '•
Other  varieties    _   726,803 !
Preliminary figures indicate that
mining production in British Columbia this year will exceed all previous records, although prices will
be somewhat below those of 1926,
when a total of $67,000,000 was recorded.
Tobacco growing in the Kelowna
district, B.C., has been so successful this year that the acreage will
probably be increased to 1,000 next
season. The present crop has been
safely  harvested  and   cured.
Not since 1917 has the Nova
Scotia mining industry enjoyed so
prosperous a season. During the
fiscal year ending September, approximately 6,640,000 tons of coal
were produced in the province
against approximately 5,000,000 for
the Bame period of last year.
JTJMal ...1,968,042
Apples In Bulk
Jonathan              612
The biggest shipment of live
foxes to leave North America for
the European market since the industry has been developed left
Charlottetown in a consignment of
1,000, bound for Norway, via Halifax. These animals are valued at
from ¥500 to $1,500 a pair, and the
entire shipment is valued at approximately half a million dollars.
By Erwin Greer
Her Grace the Duchess of Atholl,
"    ~      ■      "'~   prominent British peeress and Par-
Mcintosh   _...,.         243 j fiamentarian,  was the central fig
Wealthy   •.  97
Other  varieties             249
.Fruits and Vegetables
Apricots    _      38,095
Cantaloupes    20,498
Cherries      _     41,356
Crabs,  Hyslop       63,143
Transcendent   *.      63,385
Other varieties            969
Grapes   *.          277
'Peaches           91,296
Pears, Bartlett       31,121
D'Anjou          17,887
Flemish  Beauty      33,693
Other varieties ._ .....19,468
Plums _     49,748
Prunes, Italian  _.„•_  169,779
Corn _      a,542
Cucumbers   „  132,645
Egg Plant       1,022
(Lrettuce    _         1,007
Peppers       11„203
Pickling oniohs  *.        628
Rhubarb     17
Silversklns       6,288
Tomatoes, green      34,391
(Hothouse    _       6,327
Semi-ripes and ripes    216,317
Beans 1
Beets ._.
Carrots .
Celery ...
Citron  ...
Cucumbers in bulk
Melons    _ ._...
Peas    _. 	
ure recently at the launching on the
Clyde, Scotland, of the first of
the four new Canadian Pacific
"Duchess" ships—the 20,000-ton
passenger liner "Duchess of Atholl."
These vessels will go into the Canadian Pacific Atlantic passenger
. ...A	
Silversklns ln bulk
Squash   '.	
Turnips ....	
Vegetable marrow 	
The elaborate figurehead of the
"Empress of Japan," the first
trans-Pacific liner on the Canadian
Pacific, has been mounted in Stanley Park, Vancouver. The "Empress
of Japan" was a clipper type steamer and the largest and fastest vessel navigating the Pacific. The
figurehead was presented to the
Vancouver Parks Board as a historic relic of that great port.
A special train of six cars carrying pure bred swine and sheep for
exhibition and instruction purpose
is now travelling through Southern
Saskatchewan over the Canadian
Pacific Railway. The stock is supplied by the Provincial Department
of Agriculture, the Dominion Livestock Branch, Stockyard Companies,
Packers and Breeders — all high-
class stock. Lectures dealing with
the breeding, feeding and management of sheep and swine are given
by experts.
Through the auspices of the Canada Colonization Association, 509
families, consisting of 2,799 persons,
were settled in Canada on 130,928
acres of land from January 1st to
October Slst The settlement of
these families was personally supervised by officials of the Association, who completed the contracts,
inspected the lands and closed transactions. It is expected that 100 additional families will be settled before the end of the year. Since its
start, the Canada Colonization Association (a subsidiary of the Department of Colonization and Development, Canadian .Pacific liailway), has settled 2,227 families on
654,189 acres and there are still
settlement opportunities on 29:1,500
acres for 1,164 families. The percentage of success in these settlements ia unusually high, being 100
per cent in Alberta and fca.80 in
ANYONE can understand why a
car driven ctad kept up by a
professional chauffeur rides
and looks well at all times, but when
an owner driven machine appears as
ii close second, other motorists are
anxious to know how it is done. And
here's how:
We'll start with the problem of
keeping the car'clean, because that
is not usually an easy task for the
average owner who can't afford to
take time to drive his nutchine to
the garage for a cleaning every few
days.     Ordinarily    a  s oft    feather
duster is about the quickest way of \°r*l™l_***-•* _«* b(x* appeared
keeping the car from looking as
though lt had been over a desert,
but when the cur has been out in
the rain more vigorous treatment—
and more time—is required; that is,
granting the owner uses no system
in caring for his car. The man who
realizes that a few minutes spent
on the car now may save an hour's
work letter always dusts off the body
before taking the machine out In
the rain. Thus, unless he takes lt
through mud, he will find that It
dries off fairly clean the next morning. A light rubbing with a clean
clotjh will remove most of the rain
streaks; and, while the car will need
polishing, it will be clean. That at
least saves a trip to the washstand
andd assures the owner that his car
looks fairly respectable.
Rusting of the car's nickel trimmings can be prevented—and a lot
of polishing sch-ed—simply by rubbing off the headlights, door handles, bumper and other trimmings
after bringing the car in from the
rain. It' takes about three minutes'
time and it is hardly noticed until
the next day, when you realize that
by this mere precaution you have
stlved yourself the job of spending a
half hour polishing the equipment.
In these days of high speed life
when there are a hundred and one
more things to do, but "till the same
twenty-four hours In which to do
them, a number of big tasks can be
handled by taking them in installments so that a little is accomplished at a time. It doesn't seem to be
getting anywhere to merely polish
one part of the car every time it is
taken from the garage, but after a
week has elapsed you behold your
well-groomed car and realize that
such a job if rolled into one would
have required the time you spend
playing golf on Saturday afternoons.
The recent discovery, in Worcester, Mass., of a fifth copy of the flrst
edition of Poe's "Tamerlane," published just a century ago, lends a
timely inttlrest to the mystery that
for yegrs surrounded the disappearance of the edition and its publisher.
More than any other volume in
Americt/n betlles-Iettres, this particular volume Is sought by dealers and
collectors, and it is an extraordinary
fact that in the slxty-flve years that
have elapsed since the discovery of
tiheflrst copy only five in all have
come to light. _\, copy sold a(t auction in New York in 1919 brought
The title page of the tiny book
reads, "Tamerlane and Other Poems,
by a Bostonian," followed by a quotation from Cowper, the imprint of
thel publisher, Calvin P. S. Thomas
of Boston, and the date, 1827.   In its
tea-colored wrappers, on the front
of which the title page is repeated.
It was the flrst published performance of Edgar Allan Poe.
Thomas was a job printer at Washington E|nd State streets, Boston, and
may have god-fathered other volumes',
although no other book bearing his
imprint has yet been found. How
many capitis of "Tamerlane" he
printed is not known, but it is assumed that several hundred came
from the press, and there is a legend
to the effect th:,|t, when only a dozen
had been sold, Poe called in and destroyed the rest. That is a plausible
tale to account for the rarity of the
volume,, but it rests on no sure foundation.
finder was P. K. Foley, a bookseller.
The fifth and latest copy to be turned up was the possession of Mrs. A
S. Dodd of Worcester, Mass., an!
was sold by Goodspeed's book shop,
of Boston, for a sum that has not
been made public. 'It was presented
ln 1834 to *.. girl of ten, by a friend
only slightly older, and is still in the
finest condition. That still other
copies of the excessively rare booklet
exist, somewhere, is a fascinating
possibility, and dealers and collector-,
continue the search with tireless enthusiasm.
Litle Tommy had a sore toe, so .
mother thought tins a good 0]>j
tunity to make him eat his cereu:.
"Tommy,"   she   said,   "if   you
your oatmeal, it will cure your toe"
Shortly afterward Tommy came to
his mother with a very disgusted air.
"I s|te my cereal," he Baid, "but my
toe Isn't any better. I guess the
darn stuff went down thc wrong leg."
Two prominent clubwomen recently gave a program in reading, in dialogue form, a series of short paragraphs each had written on a special
theme. First one would read, and
then in response the other would give
her  offering Each  had  worked   out
her part of the program cleverly and
tried to put her share over with good
effect. Imagine the consternation of
Mrs. A when a friend, thinking she.
had written the entire thing, rushed
up at the close and said:."Oh, your
program was so interesting, but you
gave all the cleverest parts to Mre. B
to read. Why didn't you keep those
for yourself?"
A man who had bought a very valuable building site was surveying 1,
newly  acquired   property   in   a   mo
of reverie', when a stranger, in a similar  mood, accosted  him.
"Sir,"  said   the  man,   "I   remenil-
when ihis property was a farm. \\.
I  burled  a dog hero In those    da:
And  now hear that it has  been sold
for half a million.'
"Yes," said the now owner, with ti
smile.    "1  bought it."
The stranger was obviously hurt.
"But what I'm tolling you," he
said, is the troth.'
"Please, m 'am, may we borrow
your phonograph "
"What, at this time of night! Do
you waut to dance?"
"No, we wanta sleep."
Every woman is likely to be in the
wrong until she begins to cry—then
she is all right.
Thomas.of no earthly interest save
for his connection with Pou, ls an almost legendary figure,, among book
collectors. He is known to have removed to the west und ls said to
have died ln Springfield, Ohio, as late
as 1876, wherehls daughter, Martini,
Thomas Booth, was still living In1
1884. There is, however, nothing to
Indicate that he ever mentioned an!
acqjuaintance with Poe, and many
students of the problem believe that
the author of "Talmerlane and Other!
Poems" was known to him under an-j
other name, or by no name ,at all. It!
is to be remembered that the book
was published anonymously.
I'he flrst copy of "TamerlaneSS to!
be discovered is in the British Muse-|
um. It was sold to the museum in!
1860 by iHenry Stevens, of VcJ-mont,
for one shilling, while Stevens was-
acting i|3 a sort of agent iu America
for the museum authorities. This]
copy Ijacks the wrappers and haseen
A second copy was found by a Boston bookseller and sold at auction in i,
1892, realizing $1850. It finally found'
its way, together with anotihr copy, I
into the fsjmous library of Henry E.
The fourth  copy to be discovered
came to light about 1914; the lucky,
.KiBBssasEra ^s^r-sri^BSTsgSa
People take The
because they {{believe
it is worth the price we
charge: for it. It is
therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents,including
advertism en ts. This
is not always the case
wifh newspapers thtit
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tijekets
3y*J |
;■--.   i'i    ,-.-■.,
But w
the editor.9'
want businessadverI is-
ing by progressive business men who know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If y.iuhavesomething to
lie that
them and
>tier t
ne puo-
as well,
newspaper reaches
more people than
vand if you have the
goods you cvndo business with them
at-,***--. ..-.■■■ .... ..- -.■ THE SUN: GBAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
-Mr. and Mrs. Perry Peone arrived
in the city on Wednesday from Spokane.
A Picture of
Sunshiny Age
A card party and dance will be
held in the Davis hall tonight under
the auspices of the Ladies' Hospital
Mr. and Mrs. Robert Lawson and
family left this week for a three
months' automobile vacation trip to
southern California.
K. Scheer returned the latter part
of last week from Franklin camp,
where he had been doing assessment
work on his mineral claim.
Diamond drilling has been started
on the Union mine1 in Franklin camp.
The flrst blast under the new management was also fired last week.
The court of revision for the revision of the municipal voters' will
hold its flrst session ln the city office at lu o'clock tomorrow forenoon.
Miss Gladys Armson, who has been
In training in Vancouver for el professional nurse for a couple of years,
has passed the provincial examinations.
The musical recital given in the
Empress theater on Tiulsdi ly evening
under the patronage of Mrs. Wm.
Gowans was well attended, and a
delightful program was well rendered.
John Kenyon and Miss Leona Reid
both of this eity, were united in mar-
riiRe last Saturday in Spokane. They
are expected to return to this city on
Saturday evening, and will tako up
residence here.
/.Ibram Mooyboer, who has been a
student at the University of British
Columbia for a number of years, is
critically ill in Vancouver, -iUnd Mr.
and Mrs. Mooyboeir of this city and
their daughter of Nelson have been
called to his bedside. They left for
the coast on  Wednesday  morning.
Government Vendor R. Campbell
ls .exhibiting a number of curios in
the form of a number of rocks thf-l
have been worn as round as mar
bles in "pot-holes" in McRae creek
The largest weighs 32% pounds, and
from tliat weight they run down to
the size of a golf ball. It has probcJ
bly taken them millions of years to
acquire that perfect spherical shape.
The "500" card party given by th'
Liberal association in their hall on
First street on Wednesday evening
was attended by about 100 people,
and all had an enjoyable timcl. Mrs
Bickerton and R. Campbell won thc
ladles' Lhd gentlemen's flrst prizes
while the consolation prizes were
awarded to M.iss Smith and Mr. Ber
nizer. After the Card games a ver.,
appetizing collation was served.
Most of the credit for the splendid
success of the evening's entertainment is undoubtedly due to the coir,
mittee who had in charge the ar
rangenient of the program.
In a lengthy written judgment
Magistrate J. A. McCallum last Fri
day dismissed tho action agallnst J
A. Coleman, fruit grower, on a charge
of shipping fruit without having
license under the produce marketinp,
act. The court pointed out that the
committee of direction had dealt
harshly in cuicelling Mr. Coleman's
license, without recognizing defend
ant's right to make answer and di
fense, and, after having eancelled tho
license, their subsequent acts "have
given the defendant reasonable
ground!] for belllevlng that they Intended to allow him to continue
marketing his fruits."
That the people are as susceptlbl
to being humbugged today as the.v
wore in Illinium's day has often
been demonstrated. Last eek there
appeared In some of the lecldinR
daily papers of this province, two
dispatches from this city. The flrsi
was albout three weeks old, and what
purported to be historical facts ln i:
were so badly distorted that they
only brought smiles of incredulltj
and contempt to the faces of those
who r.fld the dispatch. 1!he second
news-story was scarcely Intelligible
and therefore needs no further re
viewing. If all the dispatches that
appsar in the daily papers today are
of tho samo nature as the ones quo
te-i I'bove, Ct is no wonder that the
press is discredited.
"What's the difference between
vision and sight?"
"That's easy; my girl ls a vision,
yours is al sight."
Most men would be gk'-l to pay i
largo inciome tax for tho sake of hav
inj that kind of income.
(Continued from Page 1.)
ures (including Mr. Traill's valuable
library) that had come across the sea,
to help make life happy while the
owners were "Roughing it in the
"And so," said Mrs. Atwood, with
a llttlei smilee, tinged, even yet, with
regret, "I had to be married in cleaT
Flre and Frost
As a little conseilalIon,Miss Strickland, when she heard of the tragedy,
sent her niece a beautiful shawd of
Limerick lace, and this exquisite
thing, is stiill a prized possession, but
how it happens to ibe so is the story
of  unselfishness.
"I wias too busy with my baby and
thc farm to go out very much," said
Mrs. Atwood, giving me the shawd to
examine closely, "and I gave in to my
sister to be grond in, and so wa-s
safely out of the when when we were
burnt out." The story of that Arc
is one that even the gay and gallant
spirit of the story-teller could not
rob of cts poignancy.
It came on Saturday night, of the
13th of iMaj', when a white frost covered the groun and c| strong north
wind was Iblowing. A blanket
snatchc ll from the bed, wrapped a
hree-year-old child and a six-
months'-old baby, but scantily clad
herself, the young mother tried to
save some oer pre-jious things to no
avail. Whnt was not burnt was
broken, and all that was left was
For thd next year and a half there
was real hardship for the girl who
had never been strong. The men
who had been coming to build a new
stable, set to work to build another
house instead, and during that time
Mra. Atwood, who was making shift
with a shack wiih one large room
and two small ones, cooked not cnl;
for her own fitnily, but for the
workmen, milked the cows and did
everything that hr/J to be done about
the house.
"My chief troublj was that I found
so little time for sewing—and you
know we hadnSt anything but our
nightgowns ,and rj husband's overcoat, ine neighbors asked me why I
didn't have a bee, but there wals no
room to put anyone. The roof of the
place we were in leaked—we'd have
to get up and o'.iangefrom head to
foot of the bed when we'dbe wakened iln the middle of thei night with
the drops coming down on our faces;
and the few cloths we hind made
got  constant washings.
A Little Housewife
"But I managed somehow. I think
I must always have been Interested
In housekeeping linings," smiled this
lovely lady, whoso fingers still busy
themselves with r. -wing and knitting,
and who wanders about the gardens,
and down among lie chickens.seedng
how they do. "Some very old friends
told me theft onco—it's a long time
ago now—they ca; e in and found me
when I was scarcely eight, making
buns and baking them beforo the flre
o the kitchen hearth. We didn't
have stoves and conveniences, you
know, when I ww only eight," and
her voice that st: 1 kee|p Its tuneful
evidences, broke into gentle laughter,
as she thought of the picture that the
little housewife niadet
Recollectio s cf her aunt, Miss
Kate Traill, who was a tireless walker, and who kept her yolth far Into
old age, came up as Mrs. Atwood
talked to me one, day;; and stories of
happy Sundays, when the whole
Trail family took an afternoon walk,
and learnt many hi gs that are not
printed in history books—the story
of the Canadieln wildflowers, which
Mrs. Traiill later c.ishrlned in a book;
and stories that r.iadei the Bible heroes and herol u.i live again.
A Lover of Fi n and Nonsense
Mrs, Atwood has most amusing
tries to tell of sc:,ie of the Irish immigrants who hai settled near her
fatheir's farm, and who used to come
up to the big hose for milk. One
Sunday they arrived I the middle of
the afternoon, before the cows were
milked and wer i most abusive because Mr. Trii:il (who came from tho
Orkneys and had been an officer in
the Fusiliers) explained that there
was no milk just then to give) them.
A little later o e particularly violent
old dame who was found breaking
branches In the net\rby wood, said
she was getting a "stick to beat the
old Scotchman who was sitting up
there, rc-ading his book and denying
them milk." Mrs. Atwood has also
priceless accou ts of an Irish manservant, who wis never weary of describing the hard time he'd had coming outp"six weeks and threci days
in the long month of August." At
another time they were threshing
peas, a d it snowed for three days.
"I don't know what the devil means
by sending such weather," he grum
ble *d, f Hid then added piously, "But
I suppose God knows best!"
Apparently Mrs. Traill' was of a
much happier nature than her older
sister, Susan a Moodie. She made
light of her difficulties, as her daughter did after heir, add saw always the
more beautiful side of the new Ufa
she lived so bravely.
"Mother always had such delightful stories to t ell when she; came
home after a little trip," said Mrs.
Atwood. "She always remembered
what the children in the falmtily had
said, and what toys and books they
had. And mother, too, had a great
love for animals ijid she could whistle the birds to her."
This gift came down to her you g-
est daughter, and she, An turn has
passed it on to hor youngest, Miss
Florence Atwood, who can call even
the shy Canada bird and It will en-
swed her.
I deed the dumb things at Ashel-
worth are one of Its chief -Interests.
Even a clerical pony which had gone
there to live, while its young owners
were off to camp, soon got into the
family ways and Invariably appeared
at tea time and offered a ti y hoof to
be shaken, by which engaging artifice he won a lump of sugar.
Something to 'Remember )
..Many more fascinating tales were
told me by this delightful woman,who
has forgotten to grow old, even as
her mother forgot to grow old—Mrs.
Traill was writ! g books and working
with ..her .needle when she had left
her ninetieth year behind her—but
space has put the closure on...But I
must add just this one thing, that
slipped   .naturally   .Into  one  of our
talks •  -■
.."I 'have always worked hard,"said
Mrs. Atwood.."And I always ml ded
my  own   children  and  taught them.
too But there always seemed time
for .social .life .and we were very
She repeated something of this In
a letter to me not long ago	
. ."People were greater readers In
the old ..days," .she .wrote..".There'
were no afternoo bridges, but more
music  and   quiet   industry, and  the
children  were   children There  was!
so much more domestic  life, and  I
think we were happier then There
was plenty of fun a d little parties
and gatherings, for, .though .people
really worked harden, they had more
time for sociability." 	
..Could .a .woman ..who has graced
both today and yesterday, send us a
more appealing message, or one more
likely to lead us to try the art of living a simpler, and more joyous life?
Get Your
at the
Phone 25
"Service and Quality"
Kingston Nominated
Dr. C. M. Kingston of this
oity was the unanimouschoice
uf the Grand Forks-Greenwood Conservatives as candidate for member of the provincial legislature at a representative convention of the
party in the Davis hall last
E, C. Henniger Go. I landactamendments
W'.n'ra S ates farwers receive
about In •> ars a lis.,,) It,* for
li;;i! w!.-~at fr.an Canadian Carii-irs,
L-.ii-.jw of hi^h-.r railway -,-a;,-.-s, ac-
enrding to Senator Brookhunt of
I.wa, speaking at Washii.jton recently.
The Liard River district in the
extreme north of British Columbia
can produce excellent crops of grain
and vegetables, it is stated by the
Department of Agriculture of British Columbia, following experiments
carried out in conjunction with the
Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
Specimens of grain have been re-
l jived here.
Ocean tonnage to carry 36,000,000
bushels of Western Canadian wheat
via the Pacific to the United Kingdom and Europe has boen booked
for November, December and January. During December alone tonnage for 20,000,000 busheh has been
fixed and shipping men believe that
a hundred vessels will be required
for  this.
"Indian Golf" will be a novel form
of the Royal and Ancient game to
be introduced this winter at the
Chateau Frontenac, Quebec City, for
the enjoyment of the winter sports
tourists. The game will be played'
on skiis and snowshocs, and over
a course laid out in the snow. Tar-
trots will replace holes and bows and
arrows will take the place of golf
clubs and balls.
The Poultry Department of the
University of British Columbia announces the sale of a white Leghorn hen for $500. She is not the
famous Hen No. 6, but F. 819 and
was exhibited at Ottawa last summer. Last year she laid 335 eggs
in 365 days; and as she weighs just
four pour.Us her purchase price was
$125 per lb. F. A. Sansome, of
Greenwich, Conn., was tbe pur
The Government's final crop estimate is now: Wheat, 444,000,000
bushels, as compared with an estimate of 458,000,000 in September
and last year's actual yield of 409,-
300,000; oats 452,000,000 bushels as
against September's estimate of
502,000,000 and last year's actual
yield of 383,000,000. Barley is put
at 98,000,000 bushels as against 99,-
500,000 last year and rye at 16,000,-
D00 bushels against 12,000,000 last
The fourth of the five new
freighters being built for the Cana
dian Pacific Steamships was launch-
sad recently at the yards of Barclay,
Curie & Co., Glasgow. The S.S.
Beaverhill will make her maiden
voyage from Glasgow to Saint John
on March 10, 1928. With her four
sister ships the Beaverhill will be
on a weekly service between Canadian ports and London, Hamburg,
Havre and Antwerp. She will be
an "all-weather" vessel with a
speed of 14 knots and is built to the
highest class of Lloyd's specifications.
His Excellency Lord Willin-jdon,
while attending the Royal Wintjr
Fair at Toronto recently, noticed
in the entry list a stallion under the
name "Lord Willingdon." His Excellency expressed a desire to inspect the animal which was paraded
by its'-oWf-er, W. J. McCallum, of
Brampton and Regina. The two-
year-old Clydesdale was purchased
by thc owner in Scotland last sum-
jrer and brought out on the Canadian Pacific "Bolingbroke" in Octo-
Ler. The animal purchased for $10,-
iitiO and was included in a shipment
it over 100 pure-bred animals.
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Cenent and Piaster
Poultry Supplies
(mind   Forks.j »'• C.
of the lecture staff of the International Bible -Students' association,
who will deliver a Uteture in the Empress theater next Thursday evening,
December 16.
-K-LKDTKNDEHS will be reoeived bv the
Minister ul l.;i"'l» a' Victoria. K G , not later
i ban iiouii on lhe 2nd day of Jiuniiiry, 19-8,
for the iiiircliftH' of Licence X0287 to cut
ft iu.ooo P. B.M. nf (fir, Larch. Spruce and Ceda<;
5.1.450 Hewn Tiei, 2.000 Cordi of Cordwod,
and 120,000 Cedur Posts on nn area , luaf il
nn Fourth July Creek, .*_ in lies went ol (irand
Porka, Knotenay District.
Two (2) yearn will bsr allowed for removal
of timber.
Fun hei purlieu tern nf the Chle' Forester
Victoria, H.C,or District Fori ater. Ne ton.
Phone 30
Try our Special Tea
at 65c per lb
Shoes, Shirts, Overalls
Goodj&values for "your
Call and see (us before
General Merchant
Transfer Co.
-City Baggage and General
Coal,  Wood and   Ice
for Sale
Office  at  R.  F.  Petrie'i Store
Phone 64
THE value of well-
pruitcd, neat ap-
liear.ii}> stationery as
a means of getting and
lioltlisi'j desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult «•< before going
else whore*
Wedding invitations
Bui programs
Busin 22s cards
Vi     ng cards
Sh'    ing tags
Price lists
New Type
Late 11 Style
Colombia Avenue and
Cake Street
PalaceBarber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty*
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Vacant unreserved,8urveyed Crown
landa may be pre-empted by British
subjects over 18 years of age, and by
aliens on declaring intention to become British subjects, conditional
upon residence, occupation and im-
ment tor agricultural purposes.
Full information concerning regulations regarding pre-emptions is
given in Bulletin No. l Land Series,
"Uow to Pre-empt Land," copies of
which can be obtained free of charge'
by addressing the Department ot
Lands, Vivtoria, B. C, or any Government Agent.
Records will be made covering only
land suitable for agricultural purposes, and wbich is not timberland,
i.e., carrying over 5,000 board feet
per acre west of the Coast Range,
and 8,000 feet per acre east of that
dppiicationa for pre-emptions are .
to be addressed to the Land Commissioner of the Land Recording Division, in which tbe land applied tor
is situated, and are made on printed
forms, copies of wbich can be obtained from the Land Commissioner.
rre-euiptimid must be occupied for
Ave years and Improvements made to
the value of $10 per acre, including
clearing and cultivating at least five
acres, before a Crown Grant cap be
For more detailed lnforihation see
the Bulletin "How to Pre-empt Land."
Applications are received for purchase of vacant and unreserved
Crown Lands, not being timberland,
for agricultural purposes; minimum
price of flrst-class (arable) land is
f. per E|cre, and second-class (graslng) land $2.50 per acre. Further
information regarding purchase or
lease of Crown land is given ln Bulletin No. 10, Land Series, "Purchase
and Lease of Crown La-nds."
'Mill, factory, or industrial sites on
Umber land, not exceeding 40 acres,
may be purchased or leased, on conditions including payment of stump-
•*>* j-
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding
30 acres, may be leased as homesites,
conditional upon a dwelling being
erected in the) first year, title being
obtainable after residence and Improvement conditions aire fulfilled
and land has been surveyed.
For grazing and Industrial purposes areas not exceeding 640 acres
may be leased by one person or a
Under the Grazing Act the Prov-
dnce is divided Into grazing districts
and the range administered under a
Grazing Commissioner. Annuad grazing permits are issued based on numbers ranged, priority being slven to
lestablished owners. (Stock owners
may form associations for range management Free, or partially free, permits are available tor settlers, campers and travellers up to ten head.
Wholesale and Retail
eiiler in
Havana Cigars, Pipes
,- SI Confectionery
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Urand Forks. II. C
Ifomlnion Monumental Work*
Aabratoa Products Co. RooSn,}
Furniture Made to Order.
Also Repairing ot all Kinds,
Upholstering Neatly Pons


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