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The Evening Sun Jun 12, 1906

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-"2     JUN 16190b      &
Sun.
i Year-No. TMkV
Grand forks, B. &» Tuesday, June 12,1906
Semi-Weekly—$1.00 Per Year in Advance
Work on North Fork Extension Started at 1:15
Yesterday
Pacific railway by a provincial government-owned railway running from
Okanagan to Sicainous. This short
government line is now operated by
the Canadian Pacific railwayr.
Three Carloads  of   Horses
and Mules Will Arrive in
a Day or Two
The first sod of the North Fork
extension of the Kettle Valley line
was broken yesterday by Foreman
McDonald on Frank Miller's ranch
at exactly fifteen minutes past one
o'clock. At present there are only
about fifteen teams employed, and
the force of men is not very large
owning to the scarcity of laborers.
However, two carloads of mules and
a carload of horses are expected to
arrive in the city tomorrow from
Chicago and Winnipeg, and the
camps will be stretched all along
the line as soon as sufficient help
can be secured. W. P. Tierney, the
general contractor for the fifty miles
of road to be constructed, arrived in
the city this afternoon from the
east, and work will undoubtedly be
rushed as much as possible. Yesterday Mr. Andrews purchased the
right of way through Wm. Glen-
more's ranch, at the head of Smelter
lake.
The Midway & Vernon
A dispatch from Montreal of the
8th inst. states that 14,000 tons of
steel rails for the Midway ifc Vernon
r.ilway has just been ordered, and
the  continuation  of construction   of
the road is to be started within a very** chard,  forest, sea, and  mines,
short time, according to information
secured in that citv and New York,
where the capital behind the  railway
comes from.
The rails have been ordered froip
the Dominion Iron k Steel coinpany
of Sydney, Cape Breton, and the
order will be rushed out as soon us
the works can commence on it.
It is understood that the rails will
be shipped ccross the continent over
the Canadian Pacific railway in preference to transportation around the
Horn, because of the desirability of
saving time.
Since the decision in favor of the
Midway k Vernon as against the
province of British Columbia on a
reference as to the disputed subsidy
claimed by the former, the backers of
the railway company have been busi y
arranging to go ahead with the building of the road. Some ten or twelve
miles of it has already been grodeo
and made ready for the steel. This
w.irk  was performed out of  Midway.
Grading will be pushed ahead this
summer and tracklaying will be commenced just us soon as the rails are or
the ground if present plans are carried
out.
There is considerable speculation in
railway circles as to where the con
trol of the Midway k Vernon will go
when it is completed, and as to what
roads it will make connections with.
The Midway terminal of the railway
will be accessible both by the Vancouver, Victoria .fc Eastern and the Bill White was fined $10 and costs
Canadian Pacific lines, while at Ver* in Judge Cochrane's court yesterday
non there is a possible connection for assaulting Pete Genelle on the
with the main line of the Canadian I streets a couple of days ago.
Mr. Hill Interviewed
According to a dispatch from St.
Paul, James J. Hill has come out
locally in a lenghtly interview explaining the extent and nature of his invasion of Canada, in response to a
series of questions put to him by a
prominent Canadian. The interview
in part is as follows:
"I presume you intend to start immediately with your Canadian construction!"
''We will push work from both
ends," said Mr. Hill, ''first through
the Rocky Mountains to the prairies,
starting from Vancouver, and then
from Winnipeg westward. In British Columbia we shall close up quickly from Midway., to the Similkameen."
"That is a very rich fruit country,
is it not?"" "*""" "•'-:
"Yes; that country raises great
fruit. I have seen a box of their apples sold in New York for about the
price of two boxes of California oranges."      ,':•   jy*-^ <
"You are evidently a keen student
of all parts of Canada."
"We Btndy because we have to study
all these questions, fertility and natural resources of country. There is
nothing else for a railroad to do, but
carry the resources of the country it
passes through, and it must find
market for them."
"Do you agree with the statement
that has so frequently been made that
British Columbia is the richest province in the Dominion of Canada?"
"If you take the question of natur
al resources, that is undoubtedly true.
It has all the advantages of farm, or-
The
"prairies, from Winnipeg westward,
have unquestionably advantages of
large areas of good grain land und
breadstuff's, bnt British Columbia has
everything in the way of minerals—
c ml, iron,gold, silver, copper, lead and
zinc; large areas of agricultural land,
and large valleys suitable for for the
production.of fruits and vegetables,
There is no reason why we should not
usu the Grand Trunk and Canadian
Pacific west of Winnipeg if they make
fair rates."
"is it your intention to build a line
from the Canadian wheatfields to
Hudson Bay and then run steamers
frum there to Europe?''
"No; there is only, I understand
four mouths of navigation possible
there; ships would have to be other
wise occupied or idle the other eight
months, which would make it rather
expensive.''
'iThen you do not intend to build a
liiie of railway to Hudson Bay?"
' '1 have already said that Winni
peg is uur terminal point. We have
no intention of going north of there,
if we can get fair treatment from the
Canadian loads."
"Where do you think Camilla will
get its greatest markets?"
''1 think the biggest market for the
uho.eof Canada will be the United
States. This country furnishes a market for the manufacturers of Canada
as well as for farm products."
NEWS OFTHE CITY
Athletic Association Will Give
a Smoker in Their Rooms
This Evening
No. 3 Fire Hall to De Opened
With a Free Ball on
the 29th
the Granby mines, is in good working order and is used daily. Its
function is to raise the crushed ore
from the crusher to the ore bins, so
that it can be loaded into the
railway dump can. It operates
somewhat on the principle of a grain
elevator, and is the first one of its
kind to be installed, so far as known
in the province. It is one of the
labor saving ideas of superintendent
Hodges.
The Grand Forks Athletic Association will open its new gymnasium
this evening by giving a smoker.
The program will consist of songs,
dances, club swinging and sparring
and wrestling matches, and everybody who attends is assured a good
time. An admission fee of 50 cents
will be charged.
The fire boys of the West end will
open their new No 3 station by giving a free dance on Friday evening,
June 291 h. Everybody is invited
to attend, and as first-class music
has been engaged, an enjoyable
time is assured. The ladies are requested to bring baskets filled with
cake and other delicacies for lunch.
Vancouver parties were in tbe
city the lattter part of last week
looking over the field in reference to
the establishment of a modern up-
to-date department store here.
W. B. Cochrane and John Temple
returned Saturday from Revelstoke,
where they had been attending the
annual convention of the provincial
aerie of the Fraternal Order of Eagles.
They state that there was a large attendance and that everybody had a
good time. The grand aerie will meet
in Fernie next year.
Harold Averill left last Sunday
morning for Fairbanks, Alaska, where
his father is located at present. A
number of his friends were at the
station to bid him good-bye and wish
him a pleasant journey.
Smith Curtis, ex-M.P.P. for Ross
land, was a guest at the Yale yesterday.
Geo. A. MacLeod sent four men up
to Franklin on last Friday's stage to
work on the townsite.
Mrs. Geo. A. MacLeod returned on
Friday evening from a two weeks'
visit to Spokane.
P. T. McCallum left this afternoon
on a business trip to Nelson and
Balfour.
R. T. Lowery, editor of Lowery's
Claim and the Green wood Ledge,
was a guest at thc Yale last night.
While in the city he put in most of
his time hustling business for his
two publications.
Last week the Dominion Copper
company sent a force of seven men
under foreman A. T. Stewart, to the
Gloucester group of mines in Franklin camp, to start development
work. This is the group which was
lately bonded by the company after
an inspection had been made by
Thomas H. Drummond.
After some time spent in adjustments, the automatic ore bin feeder
at the Great Northern terminal uf
Miss Mutie Christianson, who has
been employed at the Yale for some
time, left last Sunday for her home
in Coeur d'Alene City, Idaho.
Born—In Grand Forks,, on.. Monday, June 11, 1906, to Mr. and Mre.
Jeffery Hammar, a daughter.
The report of the minister of
mines of British Columbia for 1905,
among other information about the
Granby Consolidated, gives the production of ore as approximately
645,788 tons during the year. The
shipments of ore from the mines to
the company's smelter were slightly
larger, being 651,761 tons. The
average percentage of copper carried
by the ores of the Bounday district
in which the properties of the Gran*
by are situated are given as 1.52.
Using this agerage figure, this would
show the output of the copper by
the Granby for 1905 to have been
about 19,500,000 pounds. The
present rate of production is higher
than this, being about 24,000,000
pounds per annum. Besides, the
o-ftput will be considerably increased before the end of the year. The
Granby does not depend entirely on
the copper values in its ores. The
latter carry gold as well as copper.
Howevr, the Granby is thus shown
to be easily the largest copper producer in Canada.
Hon. Richard McBride has returned to Victoria, after an entend
ed tour of the Kootenays. Included
in his itinerary were Golden Windermere, Wilmer, Field, Rcelstoke,
Nelson. Moyie, Cranbrook and
Fernie. Intervied at Victoria he
stated thai the whole interior was
1 -oking better than ever before.
Lumbering and fruit growing have
become firmly established and mining is flourishing. Probably the
most important recent development
has been the inception of a large
fruit growing industry in the lower
Columbia valley and along the Arrow lakes. The climate has been
found admirably adapted for hardy
fruits and berries, and many thou
sand acres have been planted within
the past few years. When .isked
what the government would do regarding the oil licenses in Southeast
Kootenay recently declared invalid
by tho supreme court, the premier
stated he could not discuss a matter
that was before the Full court, in
which he was advised the government would be successful He
passed the matter off, however, with
a hint that the order in council under which the licenses were issued
is part of the policy of the administration, and that policy he was prepared to stand by. The inference
is that if unsuccessful in legal proceedings legislation will be introduced to validate the licenses. The
premier denied that his tour had
any political significance, and stated
it was the usual annual visit he had
•nade io the interior ever since he
became a minister of the crown.
FRANKLIN SIM
	
Started on Thrice a Week
Schedule This Morning
Saddle Pack Horses   From
End of Wagon Road to
All Camps
Today A. E. Smith k Co'i Grand
Forks-Franklin stage commenced making thrice a week trips. A service of
saddle pack horses has also been put
on from the end of the wagon road to
Franklin townsite and different mining properties of Franklin and Gloucester camps. Travel to the northern
camps hat increased to such an extent
that last Saturday it was necessary to
send tw4>«uges, ten passengers being
booked tor the trip. Among these
were Don McVioar, W. H. Hamilton
Enas H-wnley of the Dominion Copper com fitly, who went up to Gloucester oamp. The stage company is
also prepared to handle freight for all
points in the North Fork country.
LOCAL MINING SHARES
Following are the quotations for the
week ending Saturday, June 9,
Bid. Asked
Arlington Mines ...J   .04 $   .05
Alhambra 134 .16*
American Boy OOf .01
B. C. Copper    8.35 9.65
Canadian Smelters..    1.25 135.
Crow's Nest Coal...300.00 350.00
Canadian Goldfieids     .07 .07A
Cariboo-McKinney.      .2i .2if
Diamond Vale Coal     .25 .26
Denoro Mines 08 .09
Dominion Copper...    3.25 3.60
Elkhorn-Boundury..     .30 .32
Granby.  12 75 13.50
Hunter V 15 .17
International Coal..      .47 .48
Juno       .1 .02
La Plata 18 .20
Lardeau Mines 01 .01"-
Lightning Peak 01 .02
Marconi, Canada...    3.25 3.50
Marconi, American. 53.00 55.00
NiroU'.Coai 05 .06
North'Sttr 04 .06
Olympic, Wash 04 .06
Rambfe'r-Cariboo...     .20 .21
Rocky Mountain Oil     .75 .80
Sullivan';'. 67 .68
Western Oil 15 .17
White_*B-*'r.' 3J, A*
Yale-fcootenay Ice.      .07 .08
Only the converter is now in operation at the British Columbia Copper company's Greenwood smelter,
the last furnace having been blown
out and dismantled last Monday, in
the preparations for the installation
of the three giant furnaces Boon to
be received. This is expected to require about throe months. In the
meantime the converter will blow
the matte from the Dominion Copper company's smelter up into
blister copper, as heretofore, for
shipment to the eastern refinery.
F. I. Whitney, for 18 years at the
head of the Great Northern general
passenger department, has resigned,
effective July 1, aB general passenger
traffic agent, to go into business. C.
E. Stone, now general passenger
agent of the Great Northern, and A.
L. Craig, general passenger agent of
tho Oregon Railway & Navigation
company, are each mentioned as
his probable successor. ®Ijp Efomttg 0mt
Published at Gram! Porks. British Columbia,
Kvory Tuesday aud Friday Kvouiiigs.
,.1'dltor and Publishei
BUBHCHIPTION HATES I
One Year $1..W
One Yoar (In advance)  1.00
Advertisiuj-; rate-, furnished on aiiplieatin
Leirul notices, HI nml .1 cents per line.
Address nil coinmiinlnatiouB to
Tub Evenino Sun,
Phonb B74 Ohand Poiiks, II.C.
TUESDAY, JUNE 12, 190(1
A recent issue of tho London Financial Times had the following: A
recent run of the Granby smelter at
Grand Forks, British Columbia, is reported, in which 2,850 tons of ore
were treated in a single day of 24
hours. At the Mount Lydell mine
in Tasmania 1,200 tons daily is regarded as good work, and considering
the few years during which the Granby smelter has been at work, the
treatment of as much as 2,850 tons of
ore in a single day shows the magnitude of the scale upon which operations are carried on in the British
Columbian works. At the Granby
mine, by applying the gold and silver
values in reduction of .costs, copper
can be produced at about 4d. per
pound. Its ore reserves exceed 30,-
000,000 tons, and the control of the
mine and smelter recently passed into
the hands of New York capitalists,
who made large additions to the mining and smelting plant, using electrical power on an extensive scale. General mining and smelting costs have
been reduced to a figure which will
compare favorably with any work
done elsewhere. A few years ago it
would have been considered impossible to smelt ore at a dollar per ton,
as is now being accomplished at the
Granby smelter. British Columbia is
much more of a mixed metal than a
gold country, and with the higher
prices of copper, lead and zinc, together with the lower smelting charges
now prevailing, und the fact that development is proving the existence of
extensive ore bodies in many directions, the mining outlook has never
been brighter than it is at present in
British Columbia.
An American Disease
Some doctors go so far as to say
that indigestion is the national disease
of America. There is but one national remedy for indigestion and tbat is
Dr. Hamilton's Pills which accelerate
the action of the gastic glands and
give tone to the digestive organs.
They strengthen the kidneys and
liver, cleanse and purify the blood
and thus add general tone to every
organ of the body. Flesh and
strength are fast restored and the patient can eat and digest any food he
ptoises. Test Dr. Hamilton's Pills
yourself,—25c per box or five boxes
for one dollar at all dealers.
THE MINING RECORDS
Following are tht* locations, certificates of work, bills of sale, etc.,
recorded in tho Government olliee at
Grand Forks, B. C, of the flnmJ
Eorks mining division, from June
(*th to June 1'', .inclusive:
RECORD UK LOCATIONS,
lilutf Bird, Worcester camp, N. D.
Jli-Intosli; Diamond, Worcester camp,
Win. Minion; Jumbo, Worcester
camp, N. D. Mcintosh; Payeii, Worcester camp, Russell Mill; Ivy, Frank-
lin camp, Geo, A. McLeod; Laurel,
Franklin camp, A. E. Hogue; Look-
port, Summit camp, James F. Cunningham; Blue Bell, Knight's camp,
E,R. Knight; Happy Thought fraction, {Greenwood camp, relocation of
the Gladiator fraction, Wm. Mclntyre; I. X. L., Franklin camp, James
White; Superior, Summit camp, relocation of M.B, k M., W.S. Sargeant;
Melrose, McRat- creek, Geo. A. Cameron;   Maid   of  the   Mist,   Mabin's
camp, James Wilcher and \V, W. Miller; Sun-up, Mabin's camp, James
Wilcher; Labor King, Franklin camp,
H. W. Warrington; M. It, Franklin
camp; Geo. A. MacLeod; Copper,
Franklin camp, A. Oman, J. Gelinas
and D. Morrison; Riverside, Franklin
camp, A. Oman, J. Gelinas and Dan
Morrison; Whitetail, Franklin cnmp,
A. o,nani J' Gelinas and IJ. Muni-
son; Iron Hill fraction, Franklin
camp, L. D. Walfavd; Mammoth fraction, Franklin eamp, L. M. Wolfard:
Dear One, Gloncester camp, Pete
Santure; MiTllower, Gloucester eamp,
Pete Santure; Surprise, Gloucester
camp, Joe Gelinas; Sure Shot, Glou
(jester camp, Pete Santure; Gilped
fraction, Gloucester camp,Joe Gelinas;
Gold Levy, Franklin camp, Lewis
Johnson and Mike McDonnell; Humming Bird, Franklin camp, Mike Mc
J'ounell and Lewis Johnson; Maple
Ijeaf fraction, Franklin camp, Lewis
Johnson and Pat Magginnis; All
Shapes fraction Franklin camp, M.
McQuarrie; Glenora, Wellington camp,
relocation of Glenora, S. M. Johnson;
Pinchrock, Summit camp, Jos. Huron;
Elcie, Summit camp, reloctation of
Merrymock, Steve McNeil.
('EUTIKICATES OF WORK.
Uncle Sam, McRae creek, W. M.
McKay, snrvey; Saloon fraction, Summit camp, James F. Cunningham;
Eclipse, Summit camp, James F. Cunningham; Wonder, Hardy mountain
Gus Bjorklund; Pacific fraction, Wei
lington camp, W. J. Porter, survey;
Gold qnestion, Texas creek, Ulrich
Kech; New Era, McBae Creek, Kech
et al; Nunziella, McKinley camp,
Morrell et al; Juditta, Mckinley camp,
Morrell et al; Jumbo and Wallace,
Franklin camp, Whiteside et ol, surveys; Cinnabar, Hardy mountain, R.
W. Yuill; Pamposa, Fourth of July
creek, Miriau Mabel; Norden, Hardy
mountain, Carl Nelson; Maryland,
Pass creek, Helmer et al; Fife, Ben
Hur, Dykehead No. 2, Three IWIs,
Sutherland creek, Kelly et al, three
years; Riverside, Brown's camp, Tim
Townsend, survey; Maine fraction,
Brown's camp, P. J. Byrne, survey.
Tiger. Summit camp, Jos Buron;
Htron, Franklin camp, J. S.C. Fraser;
Michigan, Franklin camp, same; Mun-
stcr, Franklin camp, Geo.A. MacLeod;
F. P. fraction, Wellington camp, J. A.
Miller; Sunrise, Wellington camp,
same.
CONVEYANCES.
Black Eye No. 1, 1-2, Brown's
camp, Hector Kelly to Neil McCallum; Derby, all, E. P. fraction, 1-2,
Iron Bell, all, Brown's camp, F. H.
Knight to Joe Pringle; Iron Bell, all,
Pathfinder mountain, C. M. Kingston
to F. H. Knight; Bank of England,
Greenwood camp, J. W.H. Wood, W.
Forster, A. M. Wilson, E. T. Wick-
wire, J. J. Caulfield to Granby company; Bank of England, Greenwood
camp.R. Wood to Granby company;
Marguerite, 1-3, Brown's camp,
Frank Fritz ro M. Fritz; Marguerite,
Frank Fritz to J. Pringle; Monterey
and Manhattan, 1-3, Frnnkliii camp,
Annie J. McKinley to J. A. McDonald. 	
A '-Wheezy" Chest
Means your trouble is deep seated. To delay is dangerous. All the
inllainatioii would be drawn one day
by applying Nerviline. It penetrates
through the pores of the skin, relievos
inllainatioii and thus prevents serious
consequences. For sore throat, weak
chest and tendency to colds, no prescription is better than Poison's
Nerviline. For nearly fifty years it
has lieen Canada's great household
remedy. Twenty-five cents buys a
large bottle.
SPECIAL LOW RATES EAST.
The Northern Pacific Railway an
nounces special low round trip rates
from all points in this sectitjn to eastern terminals on basis of one first
first class fare plus 810.00 for the
round trip. Selling dates June 4th,
0th, 7th, 23rd and 25th. Limit 90
days from date of sale. Rate from
Spokane to St. Paul, Minneapolis,
Sioux City, Omaha or Kansas City
and return $62.50; St. Louis 860.00;
Chicago, •MH.OO. For detailed information write to one of the undersigned.
A. D. Charlton, A. G. P. A.,
Portland, Ore. G. A. Mitchell,
General Agent, Spokane, Wash. W.
H. Uuu, T. P. A., Spokane, Wash.
FE palm
WAL LACE
CHALMERS
PROP.
A FRESH STOOK OF
Confectionery, Fruits,
Cigars and Tobacco.
MOST COMPLETE STOCK
of its kind in the city.
COR. BRIDGE AND FIRST STREETS
The Kettle River Valley Railway
Company
WOTICK IS HHREnYOIVRN THAT puriu-
-itittn ll,e i,rovl.l0n1 of the Railway Act
ii thnt heliulf a iluplio«t« I'lan, ProHle and
lluak of Reference jhewltiif Ihe Hid Killltvuy
(.i.iiiimny , Hitht of wny helwee,, the City of
l.riind ForkH nnd Franklin Cam*,, on the
North Fork of Ihe Kettle River, »ii „ the
Thlrtv-llriit dny of May, 1006, depoilteVl with
the l*r»trlct KeifUtrnr of Title, at Kamloops, 11.0.
of June iiV?"""' ForU'"'C*',M'5th Aay
H.W. WARRINGTON-,
Chief Engineer,
R. C. MGCUTCHEON
CABINET MAKER
Turning, Scroll Work, Saw
Filing, Gun Repairing, Manufacturer of Screen Doors and
Windows.
First Street
Grand Forks. B. C.
HEADQUARTERS FOR
SMOKERS
SUPPLIES
RAINEY'SCIGARSTORE
DRAYING
Heavy and Light Dray Work
Attended to Promptly
Passengers and Trunks to
and From All Trains
Tk-lkphone A129
GRAND FORKS TRANSFER COMPANY
Kutiierford  Bros., Props.
Foo Lee
Laundry
FINE LAUNDERING.
COLLARS,   CUFFS    AND
SHIRTS WASHED CLEAN AND
NICE   AND  IRONED BY
MACHINERY,    NEW
MEN EMPLOYED.
NEXT CHINESE STORE
RIVERSIDE AVENUE.
It  taken  an accomplished  liar  to
hand a  woman  satisfactory   compli
ments.
The Lion Bottling Works have cut
their price on all case anil draught
wines and liquors.
Stock Certificates  printed at The
Sun job office.
White people want white .service.
We employ only white help because
we wish to treat you white. Jt costs
more, but we are here to accommodate
you with the best to he bad. Not how
cheap but how good is our motto Tl e
Province.
The quart bottle
for 50o ut tha Lioii
of Nelson  bier
Kitl.tlini"  Works.
A man's actions alter marriage are I
nothing like the samples submitted |
during courtship.
^****-*S
&Q^   DOMINION DAY  ^^S
\  CELEBRATION  P
c>it Phoenix, B. C, July 2 and 3
Liberal   Prizes   In   All   Events
Base Ball Tournament
Hose Reel Racing ■ Horse Racing
Machine Rock Drilling
A Long List of Caledonian Sports
Ball in the Evening
Music by Phoenix Fire Department Band
Special Rates on  All  Railroads
For Particulars, Address
E.P, SHEA, Chairman 0. McEACHERN, Secretary
P. BURNS & CO., LTD.
DEALERS IX ALL KINDS OF FRESH AND CURED
cTWEATS
Fish and Game in Season
GRAND FORKS, B
A. Erskine Smith & Co
c-4U -Aboard for Franklin
/"» „ fy«f* Stage leaves our office on Tuesdays and
Saturdays, 7:00 a.m.,   returning  Mon-
ursdays. Frei
handled to nil points on
days and Thursdays. Freight j^.^  j^
Bridge and First Sts
BECI'IMIO FEB. 15, 1906
THROUGH
TOURIST
SLEEPERS
EVERY DAY IN THE YEAR
BETWEEN
CHICAGO
VIA THE
SEATTLE  oind
GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY
"THE COMFORTABLE WAY"
Route of thej Famous Oriental Limited i,7'
For detailed information, sates, etc., call on or address
H. SHEEDY, Agent,
GRAND FORKS, B.C. f
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1
A Rousing Indictment Against the Government
:B Y:
J.   A.   MACDONALD,   K. O.,
LEADER     OF     THE     OPPOSITION.
s
Many Matters of Supreme Importance to the Electors of British Columbia Discussed and the Utter Incompetency of the McBride Government  Laid   Bare.
Nn more striking: Illustration of the
difference In the calibre of the two
leaders in the legislature, or of their
method or grappling nud dealing with
public nuestions, could have been afforded than that witnessed at the
last session of the House, when
the leader of the opposition analyzed the speech from the throne, and
when Hie lender of the government attempted to reply to him. The speech
of J. A. Macdonald, like all--those he
deltvei'8, was analytical—mercilessly
so—and thc lirst minister In his reply
attempted only the weakest kind of
defence. Mr. Macdonald's speech was
such an excellent commentary on the
speech, and his criticisms thereon were
■o tronchent, that it is reproduced verbatim.
Mr. Macdonald said: I thought thnt
1 should be able to congratulate my
friend, the fourth member for Vancouver, upon one or the best Bpe-30hCS
delivered in th-0 House since I have
been a member of It. In fact I felt
during the first part of his speech that
he was saying a great deal of what
we had been led to expect would he,
and which ought to have been, sail by
ills Honor the Lieutenant-Governor in
the speech from the throne. Thaf honorable member, who has Just taken
his seat, referred to matters of real
provincial interest when he was 31*3-
cusstng the Municipal Act, the protection of our forests from fires, and other
matters with which the people of this
province are in sympathy and which
they have been expecting the government to deal With during the past sessions of this House. Unfortunately
the latter part of the honorable member's speech was taken up in discussing matters which are of no interest
to the people of this province. We
have had from time to time attacks
made upon the government at Ottawa,
and upon the legislation enacted there
"With regard to the Northwest. We
have also heard dtump speeches delivered, not alone by the member for
Vancouver, but we flattered ourselves
that to-day his speech would be con-
tlned to matters relating to the province, and that he would not break out
In the way he has this afternoon.
Now 1 had no hesitation, Mr. Speaker, In welcoming to this House, on behalf of the Liberals, our friend the
present member of Alberni. We have
no ill-feeling because the electors have
seen fit to elect the gentleman who
now sits hi this House Instead of the
candidate whom we put before them.
We feel that when a stranger has been
elected io this House that, as the representative of his constituents, he Is
entitled to, and will always receive
from this side of the House, the same
welcome as though he sat on this side
of the House. I have the greatest
pleasure In extending a weleome to our
friend the member for Alberni. (Applause.)
Mr. Speaker, I have no hesitation In
saying that the task imposed upon the
mover and seconder of the address
_wa!> one of the most difficult ever imposed on a member of this House. Because of the different speeches from
the throne which I have listened to, I
think it would be difficult to find one
more barren aud more unprofitable
than the one read the other day. The
only merit the speech can claim Is
that It permits of giving unbounded
scope to the orator's Imagination. I
am only sorry that the mover did not
do as the seconder did,, aud give us
his own 'lews upon public matters.
The gi rninent takes great credit
for the nourishing
Condition of the Lumber Industry.
Now if the present flourishing condition of the lumber was due In any way
to any legislature hy the government,
I should like to have heard the mover
or seconder explain how that came
about. 1 have failed to find it from
nn Investigation of the legislation, hut
1 find from an. Investigation of the
ptlbllo accounts fnat the present taxation boms by the lumber Industry is
hen vler than ever before. The rea I
explanation of ihe improved condition
t-f the lumber Industry Is the better
price obtainable for lumber, nnd the
enhanced marital In the Northwest.
It was also claimed In a half-hearted sort of way that the present government was responsible for the success and Improvement In the
Frult-Qrowtng Industry.
Now I think that In some sections of
this province—] think In all—that if
ihe fruit-growers heard that It had
heen claimed that the present government had done anything substantial
towards the success of indlstry, there
would be a great deal of amusement.
Take the Kootenay district, where the
greatest advances have been made
around Kootenay lake and the Columbia river. There they have made
great strides aud have their own Fruit
Growers' Association. What do we
find when they applied for some assistance towards the holding of a fruit
fair In Nelson'.' That assistance was
refused by the government, and the
members of this Fruit Growers' Association had themselves to bear the expense of that exhibition of fruit, an
exhibition that was not only a credit
to those who got It up, but which did
n great, deal towards advertising the
fruit of the province, not only In Eastern Canada, because the tariff" commissioners were there In  Nelson at the
time, hut did a great deal towards tin-
success of the exhlblls In London and
t the capturing of thc prizes awarded
I there. No, Mr. Speaker, the present
government has done nothing, aud no
single speaker has so far adverted to
a single Instance in which the government has done anything for the assistance of the fruit growing Industry. It
is true that Mr. Palmer*—a man who
has done more, perhaps, than any
other man in the province for the Interests of the Industry—It is true that
he is an official of the government.
But he did the work of which we are
now reaping the benefit years and
years ago before the present government was in existence. He did the
work years and years ago, and we are
just now enjoying the legitimate result
of that work in the bearing orchards
of this province. Years ago the young-
trees were planted, supplied with Irrigation, and now that the trees have
come to maturity, and that they are
just beginning to bear fruit, the Industry Is beginning tn receive that
recognition and appreciation which It
deserves. Tt has come to Its present
condition through years of lahor and
cultivation, not through anything the
government has done during the past
year.
As to mining, the mover of the address stated that the reason the returns from this source were so much
larger than they had heen since 1901
was because the government of this
province had not touched
The Mining Laws
since they came into power. Well, if
the mover of the address had been In
this House during thc last few sessions—more particularly the session
before last—he would have remembered that the premier of the province,
the membr for Dewdney, hud made
promises after promise that he would
remedy defects In the mining laws
with reference to taxation on minerals
which he declared to be unfair and
prejudicial to the hest Interests of the
Industry. He made promise after
promise to that effect, and now we
And a supporter of his government
taking credit for the present government because the premier had not carried out his promises made to this
House and the people of thc province.
(Applause.)
We find that the whole of the speech
of His Honor, and that of the mover,
are characteristic of the real author. It
is simply a sort of commentary addressed to the people of the province
and the members of this House, congratulating them upon this, and congratulating them upon that, subjects
In thc main for congratulation. But,
If we are to be congratulated upon
these subjects and upon the prosperity
of the province. It is because of the
energy of the people, and because the
people have resources and the capital
to Invest In those resources, not because of, I might almost say in spite
of, anything this government has done
for them.   (Applause.)
Now if there is one thing that would
strike one more than another on a
perusal of the speech, it is the maimer
In which the government have shirked
the question that they have promised
to deal wilh ever since they came, nay,
before they came Into power, PrIo»* to
the elections of 1M3 wc find the members of the government, the premier
in particular, going through the different portions of the province, and
making pledges that as soon as they
were returned to power again, this
question of the encouragement uf the
Building or Railways
should be Immediately taken up and
dealt with. During the whole of last
session we find the premier making
promises and at the end of Ihe session, as an excuse for his failure to do
as he had promised, he promised a
summer session to deal wilh the railway question. Yet It la known lo
every one lhat, If he had ever any Intention of carrying OUt his pledges, he
has broken away front Hint Intention,
We find thnt he snys in the opening
of the third session that he has this
to say lu reference to Ihe constvuotton
of railways iu (his province:
hopes In the future. In tlit*
t,ure. it will not he necessary
ihe people further for (be cc
of railways or to alienate any portion
of the public lands In Ihe form of
grants or subsidies to railway corporations. We all hope that, Mr. Speaker.
We hope that the potentialities will he
such as to Induce the building of the
railways without assistance. In fact
that the potentialities will be such that
the people will not have to be taxed,
but that the natural resources of thc
pnovlnce will be sufficient to pay the
current expenditure without exacting
from the people a further amount of
money. We all hope these things, but
there is not a single sentence In the
speech Indicating what the gtivern-
ment propose to do as regards the railway situation.
It is well known—perhaps belter
known to the seconder of the address
—that the premier and the members of
the government, with perhaps one or
two exceptions, were in favor of giving
to a large trans-contlnenlal railway
corporation Jl.GOO.OOO of the people's
money for the construction of a railroad which Is now being constructed
without the assistance of one dollar of
the money of the public.   It was main
ly through the efforts of the seconder i cation of the children placed under their.
that that scheme was overthrown. It
Is due to him and one or two others
now supporting the government, to
them is due the fact that the province
Is not now saddled with a debt of $1,-
•hargc whether they agree with the
law or whether they disagree with Ihe
law. It ought lo he carried out, and
they ought to do their duty as ihe
guardians   of   the   interests    nf    these
id lest tl
construction, and yet we find In this | ince, or the highest courts in the Em-
very mlnute-of-council it Is stated that
in addition to the land granted being
a terminus, it Is to be a townsite. It
Is not given for railway purposes
alone, it is not because it is nr-ressary
I plr
position of ail.
, test the questh
; dial nit wlietlu
■ that the giving
Ihe  people
. railway   d
uestlon. in his own
ney-general he can
for himself, and can
Or nni it can be said
if ten square miles of
land at the terminus of a
a   townsite  to the railway
and has shown himself hi so far
more progressive than his leade
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J.   A.   MACDONALD.   KT. G„
Member for Rossl-md and Leader of the Opposition In the Provincial Legislature.
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i O 1 O- * -O ' O ■ O    OlO   of
tails within secti-m lit) of ihe hand Act.
! r have no oouht tlmt my*honorable
. friend will
'■'hat   he
I,ear fu-
to burden
nsiructloii
5DO.00O   towards   the   construction   nf
railway hi Similkameen, and that to a
corporation  which    has,    In    all    conscience, received enough from the people of Canada.    (Applause.)
Credit is also taken because the
Government Has a Surplus.
Now such credit might as well be
taken by a robber after he had relieved his victim of his possessions, because he too would have a surplus.
(Laughter.) The finance minister has
shown himself an expert at relieving
the people of their money and getting
it into the treasury. If that Is what
Is going to build the province then the
finance minister Is entitled to credit
and more. I think that we will never
build up this province by taxation.
Taxation Is not the whole business of
a finance minister. I admit that it is
a pan of his business. I admit, as far
as my honorable friend Is concerned,
that It ts part of his business lo Inflict
taxation upon the people, but it is the
business of a statesmanlike minister of
Pnauce to attempt out of the valuable
public resources of tills province to
' meet the burden of current expendi-
1 lure without heaping these additional
i taxes upon the people.
No   reference  Is to be found   In  this
speech to Ihe
School   Act
1 passed  during   the  lusl   session,   which
we then contended was merely a mat-
tor  of   revenue,   and   was   intended   lo
relieve thc treasury of the province of a
| large  burden   In   connection   with   the
Schools,   I presume that my honorable
j friends opposite  have  followed  public
I opinion lu regnrd to that.   There is a
1 strong Impression from one end of the
i province lo the other that thnt act was
j an  interference  with  the free schools
, or Hritish Celumbla.   It was the boast
i of the people of British Columbia up to
! the   time   of   the   passage   of   lhat   act
j that we   had   the     freest schools   In
Canada,    that   no   child,    no   matter
i where the  parents  might reside,   need
I lack opportunities for education.   It Is
now said, und said by trustees and the
reeves of the different rural districts,
! that the present act deprives the peo-
■ pie of those free schools upon   which
j we    prided    ourselves.      In    ilfferent
school sections we find the trustees resigning and in others refusing to act.
| And   why   Is   It?    In   it   because   these
people are wrong In the position they
take and  the government  right, or is
il because these people know the local
conditions, and,  therefore,   know    the
impossibility of carrying out that act'.'
1 do not  for one moment approve of
the trustees resigning their offices he-
cause  they are dissatisfied    with    the
school act.    I  think it  Is the duty of
the irustees to look first after the edu-
chlldreti by seeing that the hest is
made of a bad act. It Is the duty of
this House after seeing ihe opposition
raised against that act to come at the
present  session of the legislature and
Repeal That Act.
(applause.)   and restore to the people
the free schools of the past
I submit that there should have been
something said in ihe speech from the
throne with regard to many of the
public questions which are now agitating the minds of the people. It has
been a cause of serious complaint that
settlers coming in are unable to ascertain what lands are open for settlement and what lands are not so open.
1 pointed out In other sessions that it
was tiie bounden du*ty of the government to
Have Surveys Made
so that settlers coming lu would be
able to get a title to the land.- upon
which they settled. I lind no reference In Ihe speech to that subject. 1
do not find the government awake to
the necessity of such a measure, although   the  people are entirely awake
tn the urgent necessity existing, it
has been demanded irom time to lime
tiiat there should be some systematic
arrangement, some systematic plan,
adopted by the government   so   that
these surveys of the land might he
made.
Now, Mr. Speaker, credit las been
In Ken by the government for the passage of what has been denominated a
uilnutc-of-ciaincil relating to Ihe terminus of the Urand Trunk Pacific railway. The mover of the address said
that he was alarmed when he lirst
heard of It. I will venture lo say that
Ihe first reports were not In the slightest degree more alarming than the
document itself. Thc lirst reports
came out that the government had
sold Kl.nOO acres of Kaien Island for SI
an acre, but what do we find when the
document comes to hand'.' We find the
government, purporting to act under
powers alleged lo he given by section
ai) of the Land Act, has undertaken to
give lo the Orand Trunk Pacific a
bonus towards th- construction or lhat
road contrary to ihe provisions of the
act. I have no hesitation in saying
thai the government has done this in
the face and in ili<- teeth of Ihe statutes of lids province, and ihe proof
may be found in Hie iniiiute-of-councll
itself. Section Xi of the Land Act provides thai the Lieut.-'b-vernor In
Council may make grants of public
land.** for immigration purposes or
other purposes of public advantage
not being bonuses for the construction
of Mil ways. There in Ali express prohibition against giving ihe lands for
ihe purpose   of   encouraging railway
for the right-of-way, ihe yards, roundhouses and wharves, hut It Is given as
a townsite to be sold to you aud I and
the rest,  to be sold as town  lots aud
a profit made for the Orand Trunk. Is
that carrying out either the letter or
the spirit of that act?    If It Is,   it  Is
permissible   for   the   Lleutcnant-Goy-
ernor-in-Councfl to make grants of tInmost   valuable  pieces  of  land   In   the
province,   and   they   have  granted   the
most  valuable  piece of land  that  ihe
government  had  to deal    with,    they
have given it to a railway corporation.
Fifteen   square  miles,  because   that   is
what  10.000 acres  means,  15  miles  of
the choices! piece of land, that  which
will   be   the   future   metropolis   of   the
north, they have given away, for what? I
For a bonus to that road and for the
purpose of securing a profit by selling j
1 tbe lots to those who choose to buy.
j    If It is permissible to give away 10.- ]
j 000 acres without consulting the people [
I of this  province,  or their  represents-
j tlves, the members of this Mouse, then [
, it Is permissible to give every townsite
j on  the 800 miles of  this  road  In  thc '.
province, and every valuable piece of
! bind through which the railway passes
lo the Orand Trunk Hallway Company,
Where Is This Going to stop*:
) IT you can give away every  townsite .
I from one end of the province to the
j oilier, everything which Is of real value
apart from the fanning lands, ami tli''
minerals,  and   the   limber.   If you  can ,
i give gway everything thai Is of special
! value by reason of its position on that j
' road,  in  the  face  of  tho   l*and   Act, '
, where   Is   this   going   to   Stop?    There '
I will   be  no  necessity   to come   to   this
i legislature and ask for a bonus, or to
i ask us to assent   in giving away  the ■
j public assets Of the province.    All lhat
! will be necessary will be for the  Premier to declare that It Is lo the public
i advantage, and by a nilnule-of-eouncil ;
I to give. It away for the assisting or en- j
: eouriiglug of every railway lhat comes '
' along.
I suppose it will be denied that  my
1 position is sound, but I will say this, .
t Mr. Speaker, we have an attorney-gen-
j era I.  [he head  of the legal  profession
j In this province, n gentleman of grent I
learning. I would ask him If he Is pre- [
i pared  to get  up  In  his  place  In  this
I House and affirm that he will guatan- ,
| tee the ininute-of-council, aud say thai
, Ihe  government   hnve    the    power   to ;
. gram that land, not for terminal faclll-
! ties, but for a lownstte—that the gov-
1 ernment have the right hy that minute-
of-councll to give that valuable town-
I site lo Ihe Orand Trunk Hallway Com-
, pany    I say that  If he will get up lu
Ills place, and declare lhat It Is in ae-
'■ordance  with   the    statute    which   It
purports lo follow. T will challenge him
| lo go  h»fore  ihe rourls of  Ihis  pro.- ,
Not  Accept  Thai   Challenge.
They have not strictly according to the
mlnute-of-eounell given  ihis   land  to
the railway coinpany;  they have given
It to   Ernest    Victor    Bodwell.    They
have given him fifteen square miles of
laud at the terminus  for the purpose
of h*a obtaining  the    terminus    being
upon lhat piece of laud.    Why la this
document   made out   In    (he    name of
Ernest Victor Bodwell?   He Is the representative of the Grand Trunk, heap- .
peared as their solicitor, but It Is not j
usual   to  make  out   documents  In   the
nume of the solicitor, but hi the name
of the client.    The reason   1  will  leave '
to  the  members of   Ihis  House.    This j
piece of valuable land was tied up In
the   hands   of   tiniest   Victor   Bodwell.
and thos.* who surrounded him before
ever the Urand Trunk were consulted
about It at all. and It was for tiniest
Victor  Bodwell   to obtuln   the  location
of ihe terminus upon these lands.   If
he was uctlng strictly  for the Grand
Trunk   there   was     no     necessity     for
granting Ihe land Ihe way It was. but I
he was being   placed    in    a   position
where he could gel  something out of I
ft   for  himself  or   for    his    associates |
apart  from  the  Grand    Trunk.    This
land   given   for   the   public   advantage
was not given to the (Irand Trunk, but
ll was gfvert to a
Clique of Speculators
to make a profit out of it. aud then
hand il over to the railway company.
Now ihis act of giving hy mluute-of-
councll the lands of Die province to a
corpotatlon Is merely following out the
policy Inaugurated hy this government
from Ihe Start, ll commenced with
the giving to a few favored individuals of lands on Kiilmaat harbor,
which were on reserve. The public
were excluded. The ordinary public
according to the notions of this government, have no business lo get any
public lands. The land ts put under
reserve and favorites t ome in. and
grants are made lo ihem over the
heads of those really entitled to them.
That was the policy adopted in connection with the land at Kltlniaal harbor, tbe same policy of taking the disposal of the public lands out of the
people.
The same policy was followed last
session when the government came to
deal with the
Songhees Heserve.
Ther? Is a valuable asset to thi- province, and also to the city of Victoria.
The reserve Is situated almost In the
heart of the city of Victoria, and ll has
been an eyesore to the people of Victoria for years, ll Is a piece of land
of exceptional value, and ihe government were not disposed to allow ll to
be dealt with hy this legislature as the
reprtvsentallves of the people. K was
taken out of Ihe control of the general
Land Act and placed In the hands of
the Chief Commissioner of Lands and
Works or ihe Lleutenant-Governor-tn-
Council.
Then follows this Kaien Island deal.
1 say lhat tliere Is a sleady effort to
deal with the assets of the province
without consulting (he representatives
of the people lu this House. I hope
that before they go buck lo the people
for election my honorable friends will
come oui very plainly fiol only In regard to Ihe assistance of railways, bui
also   with   regard   to   lids   disposal   of
public lands, if ihe govern men I coej to
Ihe country for election wltlioul laving  before Hie people what   ll  prOpOB   '
to do whh the public bindH, If the premier goes io iii>- people claiming that
wherever, in his opinion, it is in the
public (nteresl to give a grant .il land
for iaMway purposes, tu give ihe land
<o a railway company or an Individual,
if he goes lo the country with Ihe Impression abroad Hint  that is his policy,
he win find iH-it ihe people of tli -
country are noi prepared to allow the
public assets   to  remain   lu   Ihe  hands
of the Lleutenant-Qovornor-In-Council,
but that they will demand Hint their
representatives be consulted* (Applause,)
The seconder referred io a subject
which I had Intended to dwell upon at
some considerable length. He has
dealt very ably with it. The subject
is the
Protection of Our Forests
from lire. [I Is stated upon the very
best authority, in fact it cannot be denied that our foresls are yearly being
denuded by fires, and that there Is no
provision made to prote* t the tlmbi r
from these forest (Ires. It is true that
a certain number oi* lire wardens have
been appointed. Their numbers are
much too few, and ihe\ are widely
scattered- and so are absolutely unable to cope with Ihe * situation, 1
would have been pleased to sen some
referfiice made in the spc<<h in some
projet having for Its objul the proper protection of these V'-ry -Valuable
assels, However, tlu- seconder to the
address hns dealt  with  that s ibjcet,
has shown thai he lias a larger grasp
or public affairs of moment than the
gentleman who is rosponslble for the
preparation of the speech from the
throne.
I 'io not wish to close without some
reference lo the Improved conditions in
the mining sections of the province, it
Is quite true that wc have increased iu
prosperity throughout ihe mining sections of the province. I have always
had lie- most enduring faith in Hie
mineral icsourees of British Columbia;
I have always had the most enduring
faith In the energy and courage of the
people engaged lu mining lo make that
Induslry a BUCcess, ll Is true that for
two or three years past we have been
Fufferin:,- under a depression: it has
been suffering from low prices caused
by the reaction front ihe unhealthy
boom that took place sonic years ago,
Thai is passing away, nnd Ihe price of
metals has gone up. We find eopprr
and Bllver higher Ulan eight years ago.
lead above the bounty price, and Bine
up to a price never reached lu the past.
The attempt on the part of ihe mover
of the address to attribute the present
prosperity to the government is absurd
on the face of ll. Take the facts. When
Ihe metal has got up to a price where
tliere Is a profit, every < nt, yes mid
every half cent, every fraction of a
cent, makes a difference and puis up
tbe profit. When we find, ns In the
case of copper, ihe price advanced
from He. lo !7c, one can easily understand the Immense impetus the increased price oi metals bus given lo
the Induslry. What is true of copper
Is irue of lead, zinc and other metals;
There is another matter In connection with mining io which l trusl t
sliall   not   be  accused  of egotism   if   I
refer, ii will be remembered thai a
bill was Introduced Into the House hy
the honorable member nn- Nanaimo,
hnving for Its object ihe reduction of
the
Working Hour.** In Smellers
from "IU hours lo S. That bill was defeated In this House, and while it was
up for discussion I look occasion lo
refer to the condition of the mining,Industry as just recovering from a period
of depression. I pointed out to Hi"
minister or mines that while I could
not, and would not, agree to the continuance of a system which compelled
a man to wurk for \& hours. I thought
the time Inopportune to encourage or
preclpltnle a strike throughout the
province. It was Intended by that bill
that the eight-hour law should not
conic Into force for a year. I pointed
out that during that year of grace
given to the employers it was 4*11 if-
Teasiiile thai the employers ami cm-
ployed should come together and arrange schedule or hours satisfactory
to both, and thereby avoid Hie loss of
another Industrial strike wh'ch would
have been a loss to thc owners, and
mean! serious toss to the workinguicn
and the merchants depending on the
prosperity of" the industry. I am glad
to say thai since wo have inel hen-
such a meeting of the employers and
employed has been held, and Ihe result
has been satisfactory, I take no great
credit to myself for my efforts in this
direction because I think ll is the duty
of  every   public   man   lo   endeavor   to
ameliorate such conditions, 1 communicated wilh Hie owners of Hi-
smelters and thoir employees hs to this
question or Ihe reduction of the working hours from 12 to 8 per day. ai.d
suggested Unit they should come t<> a
square understanding on Hie matter.
and avoid the friction between employers and employees, which has done
so much to Injure the province. 1 am
glad lo say Unit my advice whh taken,
and  the result   h.is been   the
Reductl f Hi- Working Uoura
from li! to s in every mnelter In the upper country* and it was done without
friction between the employers and
employed, so thai 1 trusl that n matter which threat<med Hie province in
the gravest wuy has now worked Itself
oui iii 11 manner satisfactory to -hi
concerned.
in conclusion, Mi. Speaker, let me
say thai 1 think every member "f tins
House will experience :i feeling of re-
grei at not seeing our friend W. w. 1:.
Mclnnes in bis accustomed place, You
on the other side disagreed "Hli him
In politics, bui 1 think you win join
with us In a hearty feeling of regret
thai he has ceased 10 t,e ii member of
this House. We have lost his pleasant,
genial smile, his eloquence and his
genius—a loss alike to the province nt
large ami to this House lb* has, and
it is a matter for congratulation, been
appointed to s higher position, and 1
don't think thai ihe reference made by
the mover to the address that the last
two rccupnnts of ids seat had pecatvjd
what he termed "ful jobs" can be
rnirly applied 10 the apoplntmeikl of
our old friend, W. w. H. Mclnnes,
That he Is worthy of the ofllco to which
he was appointed none of us will deny,
Since   his   appointment   he   has    done
much towards ihe Improvement of
matters in tne Yukon, and  - *•■• -JO-ipc
future lime, after his period of office
has expired, he should retur.i to Hie
province, I nave no doubt tbat wo
will welcome Mr. Mclnnes back ns-a
member of this House. .App'uiu-e,
during w#icb the honorable im-mb-tr
resumed hi* seat.) FULL TEXT OF THE
MINORITY
REPORT
Able Resume of the Evidence and Findings of
Messrs. Macdonald and Paterson Thereon
-Government's Course Exposed.
The full report of the minority of the
Katen Island Investigating committee,
which Is oauatng the government such
distress of mind, and which caused a
display of temper by the premier   *****
■-■•t   Is herewith printed:
To the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of the Province   of   British
Columbia.
Sir—We,  thc minority of your special committee   appointed   to   Inquire
into  all  matters  connected  with    the
alienation by the crown of 10,000 acres
of land on Kaien Island, beg leave to
report:
That by an order in council, dated
the 12th day of October, 1891, a reserve
war* placed upon a portion of the
Tslmpshean Peninsula, which reads as
follows:
Reserve—Coast District.
Notice Is hereby given that all the
vacant crown land which is situated
on the Tslmpshean Peninsula, and
which lies to the north of a line drawn
due west from the head of Work Channel, Is reserved from sale or pre-emption until further notice.
F. G. VERNON,
Chief Commlslsoner of Lands and
Works.
A large number of applications for
land on Kaien Islund by the holders
of South African war script were refused by Hon. n. F. Green, chief commissioner of lands and works, on the
plea that the said reserve covered a
portion of Kaien Island.
The excuse given for this contention
was that the government of the day In
1891 were under the Impression that
what Is now known as Kaien Island
was part of the peninsula, In other
words that the island at that time was
nol known to exist.
In support of this contention Mr,
Gore, late surveyor general, and who
was deputy commissioner of lands and
works in 1801, and connected with the
department for many years anterior
to that time, was called to testify before your select committee. Mr. Gore
produced an old admiralty chart made
in 1867, which, however, was not offl-
cfal, in support of the above contention, but on careful examination of
this chart it appears that while neither
Kaien Island nor other islands were
traced upon it, yet unexplored channels are indicated, showing that the
chart was not Intended to show more
than the general outline of the coast
without particular reference to the Islands. Moreover, another copy of the
same chart, which has been in use In
the department for many years as a
working plan or map of the north
coast, was brought up from the department, and this shows many reserves marked out upon It by the department, and tilso shows Kaien Island traced In blue Ink. Mr. McKay,
the present surveyor general, informed your select committee that Kaien
Island waB so marked out at least
four or Ave years ago, and perhaps
earlier.
Mr. McKay also produced what Is
known as "Amended Decision No. 2,"
a document relating to the boundaries
of the TsimpHhean Indian reserve, prepared by Mr. P. O'Rtelly, then Indian
reserve commissioner, and which distinctly mentions Kulen Island. This
document Is dated In 189H, and was
filed In the department in thc same
year.
Following tho said document Mr.
McKay produced the field notes nud
the sketch mnp of the said Indian reserve, also filed In the deportment.
The survey, according to the field
notes, was commenced In September,
1887. nnd both the field notes nnd the
iiketch map distinctly mention ami
Ihow Kaien Islund, or ft portion of it.
Dn the outside cover of the field book
Is written in large letters the following:
"Zlmshlnn Indian reserve duplicate
Bold book No. 8 contents, 10-02 Kaien
Island, part of reserve No. 2."
This field book was filed In the department on the 3rd of February, 1802,
ifter the survey wns approved and accepted by Mr. Vernon. The Indian re-
lerve covers a portion of Katen Island,
out nol the 10,000 acres granted the
Stand Trunk Pacific.
In the face of these facts It Is not
lonceivabie that the Lieutenant-Governor In council was not well aware of
Ihe details of so Important a matter as
the delimitation of the Indian reserve,
Sic largest In the province, or that the
ministers of that duy had something
llfferent In their minds to that which
:hey clearly expressed In the order in
louncll creating the provincial reserve
if 1801, above recited.
Application Under South African War
Script.
As far as the evidence before your
(elect committee shows, the first np-
iltcatlon for land on Kaien Islam! is
lated in October, 1903, and was filed
n the department of lands and works
m the 29th or October, 1903. A large
lumber of other appllcatlon-wfollowed
ater, a number of them In March. 190*1,
and amongst these one by Harold M.
Daly, who was among the volunteers
who went to South Africa. There was
alwo one application by the owner of a
mineral claim under the provisions of
th Mineral Act. All these applications
were refused by the chief commissioner of lands and works on the pretence
that the lands were under reserve, created by the before mentioned reserve
of 1891.
Apart altogether from the documents
In the surveyor general's office, above
referred to, we think the chief commissioner of lands and works should have
given the ordinary interpretation to
the words creating the reserve of 1891.
That reserve applies specifically to
lands on the peninsula and not to
lands on contiguous islands.
Messrs. Bodwell, Anderson and Larsen.
The evidence before your select committee was that In the summer or fall
of 1903, Messrs. James Anderson and
Peter Larsen conceived a scheme to
obtain for speculative purposes the
land most suitable for the Grand
Trunk Pacific Company's western terminus, and for a town site there. Mr.
E. V. Bodwell was connected with the
scheme, but claims that he was acting simply as Mr. Larsen's solicitor.
Mr. Bodwell and Mr. Anderson had
several conversations with Premier
McBride and with Hon. It. F. Green,
chief commissioner of lands and
works, which led up to a proposal
which Mr. Bodwell put In writing tn
the form of a letter to thc chief commissioner, dated the 19th of January,
1904, in which Mr. Bodwell says:
"From Inquiries which I have caused
to bo made I understand that a tract
of suitable land can be obtained from
the crown lands surrounding Tuck's
Intent, on the Tsimpshean Peninsula,
which arc now covered by- a reserve. I
suggest that my clients form a company to acquire these lands, says 10,000
acres, including foreshores nnd waterfront, hi blocks of not loss than one
half mile square. A grant of the lands
to be made by the crown to the company, and the latter undertaking to
negotiate with thc Grand Trunk Pacific for the establishment of their
western terminus, subject to the following conditions":
The letter then contains nn offer of
$1 an acre for the land, and that If the
company fall to secure the western
terminus to bo established on these
lands within twelve months, the land
shall revert to tbe crown, and the
company shall have no clahh against
the government for the expenses of
surveying, etc., but the government
shall refund the $1 an acre. Then follows this paragraph:
"Thc company will, If required by
the government, deposit a reasonable
sum as a guarantee of good faith, and
are prepared to give you In confidence
certain assurances of their ability to
carry out the negotiations which they
have indicated, and to perform any
covenants which they may undertake
in the premises."
In tho same letter appears this statement:
"The company will not bind Itself to
procure the establishment of thn terminus on the site selected, but will
guarantee to use Its very best efforts
In that behalf, and will pledge Itself
not to dispose of the lands or any part
of tbem for any other purpose whatever."
This proposal of Mr. Bodwell was
freely discussed by Mr, Bodwell, Mr.
Anderson and others in the schoinc.with
the chief commissioner and with the
premier. The character of these discussions may not unfairly bo Indicated by quotations from thc evidence of
Mr. McBride and Mr. Green. Speaking of conversations with Mr. Bodwell
on thc subject, Mr. Green says:
"My recollection is that it was not
more than two or three weeks before
the dab- of the tetter of the 19th of
January."
Q. Had you no word at nil with Mr.
Anderson before you met Mr. Bodwell
In connection with the transaction?
A. No talk or conversation with Mr.
Anderson till after I had talked with
Mr.  Bodwell.
Q. Did you have any conversation
with Mr. Anderson before the 19th of
January, 1901?
A. Is that  Ihe date of the letter?
Q. Yes.
A. Well I do not recollect or It at all.
Q. Mr. Anderson Is a married man,
Isn'l lie?
A. I guess so,
Q. Now, did you ever have tiny talk
with Mrs. Anderson about this Kaien
Island matter?
A. No.
Q. You did not?
A. No.
Q. In any shape or form?
A. No.
•Q. That is to say you bad never
spoken to her about it und she has
never spoken to you about it?
A. She may have spoken to me In a
08 dual way about It,*
Q. No, but long before this matter
came up, in the beginlnng of 190-1?
A. She may have spoken to mc,
Mr. Green then says:
"I want to answer the questions I
am asked as fairly nnd accurately as
possible, and I will say that I have
b***en spoken to on this matter by a
great many people In a Jocular or enquiring way, and any conversations I
have hat with Mrs. Anderson were
conversations of  this description."
Q. Well, where did theit   conversa
tions take place that you had with her
In a jocular or enquiring way?
A. I do not know that they ever took
place, but if they did take place It was
ither on the street or at Mr. Anderson's house.
Mr. McBride said:
Q. I suppose Mr. Bod weirs verbal
proposal was somewhat similar to the
proposal he aftrewards reduced to
writing, or is your memory definite
enough to say?
A. I cannot say. It likely was, however.
Mr.   Bodwell's  proposal   was,  as  he
says   himself,   substantially   accepted,
and it was arranged to keep the matter secret, and Mr. Anderson was sent
up  north  to have    Borne    preliminary
surveys made to designate the lands so
that   the   order-ln-councll   could   be
passed.
Mr. Bodwell examined on this said:
Q. And how long after   that   letter
was written to the chief commissioner,
and was in his hands, did   you   have
your next interview with the premier
or with the chief commissioner?
A. It was very shortly after.
Q. And the terms of this letter were
practically agreed to then?
A. Substantially. I do not think the
order-ln-council was drawn up, but it
was practically agreed In accord *noe
with that letter that the project would
go through.
Q. What do you mean by saying
shortly afterwards?
A. Some time after, probably two
weeks.
Mr. Bodwell further stated as follows:
The order-in-councll was not drawn
up then, although the terms were settled. There were reasons why that was
not done. I know what was in my
own mind; I thought it better that the
matter should not be made a matter
of remark at that time because the
Grand Trunk Pacific engineers were
being followed around step by step
wherever they went . . . And if the
newspapers published the fact that an
order-in-councll had been passed there
would be a great pressure brought to
bear on the government to lift the reserve. I did not know whether the
government would be able to withstand
that pressure and If not the land would
be staked all over by Individuals."
But again Mr. Bodwell says:
"The lands were designated, and then
the time for the order-in-council to be
passed had arrived according to our
arrangement with the government."
So that it appears that from the very
beginning the government were well
aware of the real nature of the transaction and were parties to It.
A most extraordinary statement appears In Mr.. Bod well's evidence, and
which no member of the government
has attempted to explain away. This
Is what Mr. Bodwell stated, speaking
of the other places at which the Grand
Trunk Pacific Company might establish their townsite:
"That If the company had not settled
on any terminus It was evident these
other places would offer an Inducement, and If the Grand Trunk Pacific
could make an arrangement with the
government they would be more likely
to go there than to Port Simpson,
other things being equal, if they could
have a good proposition from the government. If Mr. Green did not know
I told him, but I think he knew It, Any
way I think It was common ground, at
any rate between us, tbat Mr. Larsen
stood on very good terms with most of
the large corporations, that lis was a
large railway contractor, and that I
thought (hat If anybody could bring the
company aud the government together
on favorable terms that he would be
able to do it.
The meaning of this Is perfectly obvious, the friend of powerful corporations and the large railway contractor
was lo he the middle man between the
Grand Trunk Pacific and the government, aud this was common ground
between Mr. Green and Mr. Boihvell.
The evidence Is molt curious and
conflicting. According to Mr. Anderson, he and Larson ween In a Joint
•peculation for their own benefit with
Mr. Bodwell as their solicitor. Here
Is what Anderson say.**:
Q. What was there in It for you?
A. Simply the speculative part that
I wan to go up there and take nn Interest,
Q. .So that  he and you came to the
conclusion  that It  would    be   a good
chance 'or a speculation?
A. Yes.
On the other band It is represented
that Larsen did not want to make
anything out of the scheme, excepting
thnt he wanted to get on friendly
terms with the Grand Trunk Pacific.
Hero Is Mr. Bodwell's conception of
Mr. Larsen's position.
"Mr. Larsen and I discussed the
thing frankly, ond his idea always was
not to try and make a profit out of
this deal. He was too far-sighted for
that."
In the same connection Mr. Green
says:
Q. Did you know that Mr. Larsen
was to tlo all this for the purpose of
getting on friendly terms with the
Grand Trunk Pacific?
A. I may have known it, but I havo
no recollection of   Mr. Bodwell   mentioning that to me.
Mr. Bodwell again says:
"The desire was to make a good deal
for the government and a satisfactory
arrangement for the company and Mr.
Larsen considered that if he did that
he would form a connection of friendly
association which would be a very
great advantage to him In the future."
But the strangest part of all is the
phllanthrophy of Mr. Bodwell. Here Ib
what he says:
"As far as I was concerned I had no
interest at all except that I was glad
to be connected with a transaction of
that kind because It brought me Into
close connection with the Grand Trunk
Pacific Railway Company. The Grand
Trunk Pacific would have paid me had
I been their solicitor In the matter, but
I was not their solicitor, and I had no
bill against them. In so far as Mr.
Larsen Is concerned I did a great deal
of business for him, and as a matter
of fact I did not render him any bill
in the matter, and really I am out of
pocket for disbursements."
Members of the government when
called to testify before your select
committee took the ground that tbey
declined to deal with these speculators,
but had Insisted on dealing directly
with the Grand Trunk Pacific Company.
They are forced to admit .-".hat they
knew Mr. Bodwell was in the beginning
not acting for the Grand Trunk Pacific
Company ,but as stated in his letter of
the 19th January for some persot.s
other than the Grand Trunk Pa.-'.u,
Company, whom he denominated "my
clients," and who were to endeavor lo
Induce the Grand Trunk Paciflo Oompany to establish its terminus on Kaien
Island.
They are forced to admit that the
government had no communications
whether verbal or written with the
Grand Trunk Pacific Company.
They say that before passing the
order-in-council giving these lands for
$10,000 Mr. Bodwell showed them a telegram sent by Mr. Hays to Mr. Bodwell, which reads as follows:
"Will be glad to have you act on Mr.
Steven's communication In regard to
Lima harbor In such a way as to fully
protect our rights for the time being
and until definite plans can be determined on without, however, committing us irrevocably."
At the time this telegram was received, and for a long time afterwards,
Mr. Bodwell was the solicitor of Larsen and Anderson, and not for the
Grand Trunk Pacific Company.
On this point Mr. McBride says as
follows:
Q. Had you any communication with
the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Company prior to the 3rd of May?
A. I may have had some correspondence with them, I cannot say.
Q. Or at the time you passed the
order-ln-council on the 3rd of May?
A. No letters If they were not produced.
Q. Neither from the government to
the railway company nor from the
Grand Trunk Pacific to the government?
A. None if they are not produced.
Q. Now where do you find that you
carried out your intention of dealing
direct with the Grand Trunk Pacific
Railway Company?
A. In the order-ln-councll and in the
crown grant which was afterwards
made.
Q. Still you say you had no communication with the Grand Trunk
Pacific Railway Company?
A. Well, Mr. Bodwell was given to
understand that that was the only way
that the government would deal with
the proposition. The proposition to
establish a townsite there was made
by Mr. Bodwell. We treated with Mr.
Bodwell in a confidential way, knowing that he was the representative of
the Grand Trunk Pacific, and having
his word for It, and as he was an
eminent man of standing In the community the government felt that they
had every right to treat with him In
that way.
Q. Then the only communication that
you have seen, or received, varying
Mr. Bodwell's position from that outlined On the 19th of January, and from
which you could assume he was acting
for the company was this telegram of
the 29th cf April?
A. Yes, and in addition to that we
have his word of honor, certainly.
And Mr, Green says:
Q. Therefore you had no talk with
any official of the Grand Trunk Pacific
In connection with the transaction, no
dealing nor bargaining with them at
all?
A. No; absolutely none.
The evidence we think sufficiently
shows that there never was any real
change in the original speculative
scheme of Anderson and Larsen, before
the passing of the order-ln-councll. The
telegram was a mere move In the
game. The whole scheme admittedly
depended from the beginning upon Interesting the Grand Trunk Pacific, and
to pretend that tbe government at any
step dealt directly with the Grand
Trunk Pacific Is contrary to the evidence presented before your select
committee, Mr. Anderson's evidence
makes the thing still plulner when he
says:
"Well, you see our Idea was clearly
embodied In tho letter of the 19th of
January. This land In question was
only to be conveyed by us to the Grand
Trunk Pn-*|fic for terminal purposes.
That was our orlgi.ial Idea."
Q. Then Mr. Anderson, I presume you
nied li shuffle1 or whatever you
choose to call It—and 1 am not using
the word "shuffle" In any improper
sense at all—that was made at the
time the order-ln-councll was passed,
naming Mr. Bodwell as Ihe trustee for
the Grnnd Trunk Pacific was simply
carrying out your original Idea In another way?
A. Yes, practically carrying It out In
another way.
Any pretence that Mr. Bodwell was
In any real sense acting for the Grand
Trunk Pacific on the 3rd of May when
the order-in-councll was passed Is disposed of by what Mr. Bodwell says
took place between himself and Mr.
Hays In June, 1904.    Mr. Bodwell says:
"I would like you to understand, Mr.
Hays, that It was perfectly understood
as far as I know that there was to
no attempt made to hold up your company at all, and I said there was no
possibility of It. Mr. Hays said, well,
•I would like you to advise us in the
matter, and I sald.I cannot act for you
In the matter, I am Mr, Larsen's solicitor, and I think I am going as far
as I have any right to go In saying
what I do, but I cannot attempt to advise you In the matter at all, because
In the situation which has arisen I
could not certainly think of advising the
Grand Trunk Pacific! and I cannot act
as your solicitor, or take anything
from you by way of professional fees
In the matter."
In still further proof of the fact that
the order-in-councll of May 3rd, agreeing to convey the 10,000 acres to Mr.
Bodwell, as alleged trustee for the
Grand Trunk Pacific Company, was only a colorable variation of Bodwell's
original proposal, it is shown that Bodwell, Anderson and Larsen went to
Montreal In June following the passage of the order-ln-councll and that
visit resulted in a written agreement
whereby the Grand Trunk Pacific Company agreed to pay Anderson and Larsen $40,000 for their concession from
the jrovemment.
The Hon. Mr. Wilson, attorney-general, took what appears to us to be a
most extraordinary view of the responsibilities of government. He seemed to think that It was a matter of
very little Importance ns to whether or
not the government had the power,
under section 39, to make this grant.
He looked upon It as a matter which
concerned the grantee; and that If the
grnntee were willing to take the land
with a cloud upon the title, or with no
title at all, It was no concern of the
Lcvernment.
If this view were to be taken of the
responsibility of the government, we
are afraid that the people have very
little security against the alienation of
the public domain In a manner never
contemplated by the laws of the prov-
ince. If grants of this kind can ba
made, either In defiance of the act or
without caring whether It be in accordance with law or not, the public
lands may be alienated at will by the
governor-ln-councll without reference
tn tbe legislature to promote all sorts
of schemes for the enrichment of
grafters.
Section 'l*1 In express terms excludes
the making of such grants by way of
bonus for the construction of railways'.
In our opinion, the granting of so
valuable a concession, assuming that
It was to induce the Grand Trunk Pacific to construct the railway to the
particular point in question, viz., Kaien
Island, Is a bonus to a railway and In
this respect the order-in-councll was
clearly contrary to law. If it was not
intended as such Inducement then
millions worth of property has been
given away for practically nothing.
The evidence before your special
committee proves conclusively that the
members of the government took no
steps whatever to ascertain the poten-
tial value of the Innds in question, or
to ascertain whether or not these lands
were so situate that in any event the
terminus of the Grand Trunk Pacific
would be established there, owing to
the superior facilities there obtainable,
and to the superiority of Lima Harbor.
This failure to Inquire into the facts
and conditions affecting the value of
these lands to the province, and conditions In the north Is In striking contrast with thc chief commissioner's activity in the south. In Portland for
instance where, before the general election of 1903, he met Grand Trunk representatives and at Seattle where he
later on met Mr. Peter Larsen.
It Is clear from the evidence that not
one of the ministers was in a position,
either from his own knowledge or from
nny investigation made on behalf of
the government, to say whether the
bargain was a good one or not, or to
say whether or not It was in the public Interest to make such a grnnt.
This clearly appears from Mr.
Green's evidence:
Q. Had the government, Mr. Green,
made any investigation with regard to
the suitableness of this place for a
town site or for the purposes of a harbor prior to your making the grant of
this land to the Grand Trunk Pacific ?
A. No.
Q. So tbe government made no Investigation at all ?
A. No.
Q. Well, you know as a public man
and as a business man that the Grand
Trunk Pacific would go to the place
thut suited their purposes best and
that they must have a harbor suitable ?
A. Ye.s, I know that they must have
a harbor suitable.
Q. And knowing that, you made no
Investigation at all as to whether or
not the Grand Trunk Pacific were not
practically bound to go to Kaien Island ?
V. We were perfectly satisfied with
tbe deal.
Tho evidence of Mr. Stevens, the
company's engineer, shows that If the
government were not alive to the value of these lands Mr. Stevens was. Mr.
Bodwell stated as follows:
"Mr. Stevens was not Interested In
that matter. What he was Interested
In was having the lands appropriated
for a townsite by the company; that
was what he was Interested in. He
was afraid someone else would step In
nnd get It. Mr. Stevens was very anxious to have him go on with It, for he
thought Mr. Larsen could do better
than he could."
Beyond a feeble attempt on the part
of the provincial secretary to get a
little higher price per acre, and the
Insertion in the order-in-councll, which
by the way, was drafted by Mr, Bodwell, of a claure reserving a quarter-
interest in the foreshore and platted
blocks, no effort whatever was made by
the government to obtoln either In
money or In other terms anything beyond what Messrs. Larsen ond Anderson originally offered.
It has been suggested by ministers
who appeared before your committee
that these lands were worth less unless the Grand Trunk Pacific located
there. Wo think, however, thnt lands
like these situated on such a hnrbor
as Lima Harbor Is a magnificent asset
ir. itself. But the peculiarity of the
bargain Is that Messrs. Anderson and
Larsen have played the old dodge with
the province, "Heads we win tails you
lose." If the terminus should go there
they were to get three-fourths of the
townsite, if It should not go there they
were to get their money back.
A perusal of the evidence will show
a remarkable want of frankness on the
part of nearly all the principal witnesses who testified before your select committee. The production of correspondence and documents were refused by
Mr. Bodwell, and at first refused by
Mr. Andwo-q, Afjerwftrd?. WlAi*\
documents were produced of no special
Importance. Important documents
were either lost or destroyed. Neither
Mr. Bodwell nor Mr. Anderson had copies of the agreement made In Montreal with the Orand Trunk Pacific for
the payment of Messrs. Larsen and
Anderson of 140,000. Even Anderson's
power of attorney, under which he
signed that agreement, was not produced, he claiming that he returned
it to Mr. Larsen. The telegrams leading up to the one from Mr. Hays to
Mr. Bodwell were not produced to
t*how what the proposal was that Is
mentioned In Mr. Hays' telegram of
the 29th of April, 1904. The order-ln-
councll Itself was kept a profound secret by those Involved, Including the
ministers.
The evidence also discloses the fact
that Anderson received, in March, 1905,
from Larsen, in settlement of their Interests in the Kaien Island speculation
and other matters between them In
the north, $10,000 In cash, one-sixteenth
interest In twenty-one scrip locations
on lands contiguous to the said town-
site, nnd five square miles of coal
lands about 300 miles down the coast.
Without the evidence of Messrs. Larsen nnd Morse, whose attendance before your select committee we were unable to obtain, the true Inwardness of
the later phases of the transaction
could not be ascertained, but we are
convinced from the evidence as far as
it went, from the concealment only too
plainly evident at every stage of the
transaction, from the concealment
down to the alleged destruction or
abandonment of the 140,000 agreement,
that a good deal more remains undisclosed m connection with the matter
than we have succeeded In revealing
before your select committee.
Credit waa claimed by the attorney-
general for a term in the order-ln-
council providing that the foreshore
should be divided Into blocks of not
less than 1,000 feet. The premier also
took credit for this position; but his
own evidence Is the best comment on
This point.   He says:
Q. Did you consider, Mr. McBride,
that It would be a great advantage to
have this foreshore land divided Into
thousand feet blocks ?
A. Yes; we considered that it would
be.
Q. And that it would be better than
dividing it into larger blocks ?
A. Yes.
Q. Well, do you consider that there
Is any real difference between dividing
them Into one thousand feet blocks,
and dividing them Into mile blocks?
A. Yes; we thought it would be giving the province the right to participate In any advantages that would
Inure to the people who are Interested
in shipping and In these lands along
the water front.
Q. Well, would you not have got that
benefit If It were divided Into mile
blocks, just the same?
A. Yes, but a mile Is a pretty long
distance of water front,
Q, What difference would that make
if you bad a mile?
A. We woutd have a mite, and they
would have a mile, and their wharves
would be a long distance away from ub
and we would not participate In tbe
same advantages.
Mr. Ross:
Q. They would have three mites If
you hnd one ?
A. Tes; one and three.
Mr. Ross:
Q. But there Is another way of looking at it, If they selected one in four,
that would mean that the company
might have their wharves three miles
away from the government's land?
Showing that had the public Interests been looked after In this matter
of foreBhore rights, the order In council would have provided that the
waterfront should be divided into
blocks of not more than 1,000 feet, instead of as it now provides, into blocks
of not less than 1,000 feet.
The evidence of the attorney-general discloses a remarkable circumstance.
Messrs. Bodwell, Anderson and Larsen were confronted with two serious
legal obstacles to the success of their
scheme.
First, It was nacessary to exclude the
public from the lands. Secondly, an
application to the legislature must be
avoided.
It was therefore necessary In the
first to get a ruling that a reserve
which in plain terms applied to the
Tslmpshean Peninsula only should be
stretched across on to the island. One
woutd expect the attorney-general, the
legal adviser of his colleagues, woutd
be at once consulted and his Interpretation of the order creating the reserve taken.
Mr. Wilson was asked:
Q. Well, If any doubt arose as to
the construction of an order In council creating a reserve, wouldn't you,
acting as attorney-general, be called
upon to construe that order In council?
A. That one you have Just read?
Q. Yes.
A. I don't think I was.   I do not remember ever having been asked about
it. or that I have ever seen that notice before.
On the second point, Mr. Wilson
said:
"Alt I will say is that genernlly In
my opinion I considered we had power to make that contract,"
Q. Will you answer the question?
A. It wbb open to some doubt whether there waB power to make the
grunt.
Q. (Interrupting) Will you firBt answer my question, Mr. Wilson?
A. I do not think I can.
Q, No I don't want you to go Into
that, Just answer it yes or no—surely
you can do that?
A. I will put!It in that way as an illustration. Supposing now that I was
acting as solicitors for the vendor, and
the purchaser's solicitor chooses to accept the title, which.may, or may not
have had some defect In it—he chooses
to accept it, and I am Inclined to
think that my client Is making a good
bargain, then I will say "Alt right, go
ahead and make the contract."
Q. Surely-you will not place the public trust reposed In you as a member
of the cabinet on any such basis as
that?
A. I say, Mr. Macdonald, that there
Is material enough in that section to
advise 'the Lieutenant-Governor In
council that he has power to make the
grant. It Is open possibly to question,
but being open possibly to question, if
the purchaser then choose to accept It
with that doubt in his mind, that Is
hts business.
The minority of your select committee therefore find as follows
1, ThAt.theiI»rpvJnclalir*s**vya.datea
'12th October, 1891, did not extend to
Kaien Island and was not Intended so
t'\ do.
2. That the applications under tin-
Is nd laws of the province, under the
South African War Grant Act and under the Mineral Act were not consid
ered by the government on theli
merits; but that the same were reject**
ed under the subterfuge of applying the
reserve of 1891 to said lands contrary
to the purport and intention of tbe or*
cer-fn-council creating the same.
3. That the government did not deal
directly with the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Company, but on the contrary with a band of adventurers (male
and female) who applied for the said
lands for purely speculative purposes,
to the knowledge of the government
That the government had no communication, either verbal or written, with
any representative of the Grand Trunk
Pacific prior to tbe passing of the order-ln-councll of May, 1904, and that
the telegram of the 29th of April, was
a mere move In tbe game to enable the
speculators to contend that they could
carry out their original intention of
procuring the establishment of the
Grand Trunk Paciflo terminus on these
lands, and to give the government a
pretence, a very specious one at that,
tbat they had heard in an Indirect way,
It not In a direct way, from the Grand
Tiunk Pacific Company.
4. That by the order-ln-councll of
May, 1904, the government placed In
tbe hands of Messrs. Anderson nnd
Larsen one of the most valuable publio
assets in the province for barter with
the Grnnd Trunk Pacific. And that
.Anderson, shortly after the passing of
the order-ln-councll proceeded to Montreal where he succeeded in getting an
ogreement from the Grand Trunk Pacific to pay himself and Larsen $40,000
for tae concession which they had obtained from the government by said
r.fder-'n-council.
fi. That no satisfactory evidence was
offered before your committee showing
the ultimate fate of this 140,000 agreement.
6. We find that the government had
io power to make this grant, either
to Messrs. Anderson and Larsen or to
the Grand Trunk Pacific without the
assent of the legislature, and that the
m'nlsteis wrongly advised His Honor
the Lieutenant-Governor and obtained
the order-in-council contrary, both to
the spirit and to the letter of the law.
7. That the government took no
steps whatever to ascertain whether or
not the grant In question was in the
public Interest. That the ministers
had no knowledge upon which to proceed in deciding that question, and beyond making one or two modifications
In Mr. Bodwell's orglnal proposal wero
utterly reckless with the rights of the
province.
8. That the provision to divide the
foreshore into blocks of not less than
1,000 fset was a most unwise one and
enables the Grand Trunk Pacific to
divide the foreshore into large blocks,
and after the government had selected
its block or blocks to place its terminals nnd wharves in such a position
as to render almost valueless thnt portion of the foreshore belonging to ths
government.
9. That by reason of the secrecy
maintained by the government and
Messrs, Larsen and Anderson, the said
Larsen and Anderson and their Immediate associates were enabled to obtain other lands. Including North nnd
South Porpoise Islands, contiguous to
Knten Island and the proposed railway
line, to the extent of over 3,000 acres.
10. That James Anderson received
from his partner Larsen in settlement
of their interests In Kaien Island and
other advantages In the Immediate
neighborhood the sum of $10,000, besides salary and expenses. He also
received one-sixteenth interest In
North and South Porpoise Islands nnd
in other lands contiguous to Kaien Island, located by him under South African war script. And also about five
square miles of coal lands some distance down the coast.
All of which is respectfully submitted by the minority of your select committee.
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Mr. Oliver's Masterly Arraignment of the Administration Delivered on the Occasion of
the Budget Debate.
The speech made by John Oliver, M.
P. P., of Delta, on tbe budget debate
and of which a condensed account has
already appeared in the Times, was
acknowledged to be one of the ableat
presentations of the opposition case
heard In the House tbis session. It appears in extended form below:
Mr. Oliver, rising amidst enthusiastic applause, said Mr. Speaker, I
wish to compliment the honorable the
minister of finance upon the plain and
lucid statement which he has laid before this House in refernce to the finances of the province. It Is a matter
lor congratulation, not only to the government but to the people of the province as a whole that tho sacrifices
which they have been called upon to
make on account of the Immense increase in taxation accompanied by a
great reduction in the expenditure of
public money for roads, bridges and
other public works, it is a matter of
congratulation, I say, that these sacrifices have had some tangible result.
Further, sir, the minister of finance
Is to be congratulated Inasmuch as he
has not claimed credit to the government for the expansion of the trade of
the Province. You will notice, sir, that
one of the chief items of Increased revenue Is that of the return from our
timber resources. It Is within the recollection of this House that owning
to the change of the law referring to
the issuing of timber licenses, a great
many speculators were Induced to take
out timber licenses, nnd to hold them
for purposes of speculation. That, sir,
accounts in some measure for the increased revenue from our timber resources. WhilRt the revenue from this
source has increased by over $100,000
since the production of tbe financial
statement of a year ago, yet less than
950,000 of this Increase Is due to the
legitimate expansion of the timber industry, and that increase is largely due
to the far-seeing immigration policy of
the Liberal government at Ottawa,
which has resulted in the filling up of
the Northwest territory.
We have another large Increase of
revenue under the head of mineral tnx-
cs, but thlH again Is not due to the legitimate expansion of the mining industry as it Is largely occasioned by the
increased market value of the copper
and silver produced nt our mines and
smelters. It Is a matter of congratulation, sir, that these Industries hnve
thrived In the way they have done because when we come to consider what
the government of the day has done
towards the development of the immense natural resources of the province it becomes necessary to analyze to
ts. greater or less extent the public accounts.
Now, sir, taking the public accounts
for the financial yenrs 1002-3-4-5, and
comparing the account** for those years
what do we find? We find, sir, that
owing to the fact that the government
assessors and collectors have been
more diligent In their duties, we have
a slight Increase In the amount of the
revenue tax. Some proportion of that
Increase is, no doubt, due to the Increase in population, but—comparing
the year ending 1905, with the year
ending 1003—1 find the Increase In the
amount of revenue tax received to be
equivalent to 10 1-2 per cent., and I find
that during that same period the taxation on real property was increased 39
p. c.: the taxation on personal property
was increased 105 per cent., whilst the
taxation on wild land was Increased 42
per cent. Further, we find that whereas the increase of tnxatlon on wild land
was, in proportion, larger than that
rn real property, we find the government at the last session of this House
reducing the amount. chargeable
ngalnst wild land by 20 per cent. So
that whilst the nmount of tnxatlon
ngalnst improved property has been Increased by 30 per cent., the tax upon
wild land has now heen decreased by
20, and thus the amount of the burden
of increased tnxatlon borne by wild
land Is only about one-half of the
pmount of the Increased taxation upon
Improved land. Then, sir, In addition
to the Increases I have mentioned, we
find the income tax Increased by 150
per cent.; we find the mlnernl tax increased by 52 per cent., and the taxation on eoal nnd coal licenses hns produced a larger revenue by 25 per cent.,
and furthermore we have a new tax
on crown granted mineral claims. I
think, sir. In view of the fact that there
has been an all-round Increase In assessed taxation since the present government took office of over 75 per cent.,
nnd that there has heen a decrease of
ever 40 per cent, in the expenditure on
reproductive public works, such as
roads, streets, bridges and wharves, I
think it Is plain that the people of this
province have been called upon to
make
Enormous Sacrifices
so as to enable the minister of finance
to announce that he has a substantial
burplua. I have not had un opportunity of making a sufficiently searching
examination of the public accounts and
estimates to enable mc to criticize
them In detail, but I think, sir, that
there Is little doubt but that tbe people of tbe province of British Columbia wlH agree with me when I say
lhat they have had to pay a very high
price Indeed for the privilege of knowing that tbe finance minister bas been
tble to announce that he has a surplus.
(Applause.)
I thoroughly agree with the honor
able tbe finance minister as to his
statement as to the potentialities of the
Province of British Columbia. The honorable gentleman suid tlmt tbe potentially <"*- of this province were such that
it would necessitate an addition of millions to our present population in order to render possible the proper development of our natural resources. I
think, sir, it Is a very pertinent question to ask the honorable gentleman
what has he and his colleagues done
to induce Buch a population to come
here—such a population as he admits
to be desirable and necessary. What
has the government ever done to Induce such a population to come to British Columbia? If the government realized their responsibilities in this regard, it is surely the natural Inference
that some steps had been taken to
make known to the outside world the
possibilities of this province; U Is surely a reasonable inference that tliere
would be reliable information distributed throughout tbe countries from
v- 'ch population might be drawn as
to the advantages of this province in
order that their surplus population
might be induced to come here, and
that their capitalists might be induced to turn their eyes westward
when casting about for the Investment of capital. In other words,
that the government had taken
some steps to attract the two great
needs of the province—population
and capital. I venture to say to-day,
sir, that the government has done
nothing whatever to meet these requirements. The government instead of
taking stock of the assets of the provinco, and for tbe dissemination of the
necessary information abroad to attract population ami capital here, we
Hnd, sir, that when people come here In
numbers seeking for knowledge of our
timber binds and other resources, they
are told that tbey cannot have any Information. They are told "Go and find
what you want, and then when you
coma back and tell us, we'll be able to
let you know whether you can have It
or not." What have they done to encourage the development of the coal
lands which abound In this province ?
Have they made one single step towards providing the transportation necessary for the development of this
most valuable asset ? Have they ever
tried in any way to encourage the capitalist to assist in the development of
our coal and oil fields ? What Information is available at the government
offices of such a tendency ns would Induce people to settle on our agricultural lands ? I have been In the departments and I find that there isn't a single publication which is of any practical benefit to Intending settlers. It
is quite true that there are one or two
pamphlets published by the government which contnln n number of general statements, but there is nothing
vpon which a man seeking a home
could rely as to where he would be
likely to find that home. We find not
only is there no information available
to Intending settlers and home-seekers
In the provinco, but we find thnt when
settlers come here and are desirous to
ascertain what lands are open to preemption and settlement, these Intending settlers are referred to the Canadian Pacific Railway Company. Further, when they apply for government
lands, they are
Told to Oo and Deal with the Hallway
Company.
I say, sir, that realizing, as be does,
the potentialities of the Province of
British Columbia, the finance minister
must have utterly fulled to Impress
upon his colleagues the necessity of
taking Immediate and definite action to
bring about this most desirable result,
fie admits that the necessity exists,
and that being so, It Is to be hoped
that the government will take definite
action in the near future.
Turning for a moment to the estimates, tt Is not my Intention at tbis
time to criticize them In detail. It Is
a matter of regret that It Is a part of
the policy to which the government
has commlted Itself that
No Money Will Be Available
for expenditure in municipal districts.
Our trunk roads, those trunk roads
which have been built up ut such an
Immense cost to the people nre to be
allowed to full into a stule of'disrepair. In my own district, the district
which I have the honor to represent,
the trunk roads which have been built
and kept up ut nn Immense cost to the
reople, have been allowed to fall Into
such a state as to be almost Impassable. I find, sir, that Barrlston Island,
In Delta district, which has been paying taxes to tho government for the
past 25 years, and which is not Includ-
td In the municipality, I tind, sir, that
not one single dollar of government
money is to be spent upon tbat portion
of the territory for the purpose of assisting the settlers. That Is not because It Is not needed; its needs are
many and urgent, but because apparently all the money avniluble was
needed for the district of the president
of the council. I find, sir, that for his
district there Is a large appropriation
evidently for the purpose of bridging
the North Arm.
The president of the council was understood to demur but his remarks
were inaudible In the press gallery.
Mr. Oliver: I may be mistaken, but
I find a large sum for that district set
down In the estimates, and It Is a fact
which cannot be gainsaid that the district I represent, and the district my
  ._ ....... nv-**.  - ,,,^**
friend from Chilliwack represents have
been
Discriminated Against,
and there is no other reason for this
^iscrlrnlnation so far as I have been
able to ascertain, other than thut tbese
districts are represented by members
of the opposition.
There Is another matter in connection with these estimates which I deem
worthy of attention: The government
announces a departure from its previous policy. While It is proposed to increase the expenditure for roads,
streets and bridges by $236,000 more
than the appropriation for that purpose lust year, it Is announced that tbe
government has abandoned Its policy of
keeping Its expenditure within the limits of the revenue. Because, sir, whilst
the government purpose to Increase the
vote for roads, streets and bridges by
$236,000, they propose to do it by creating a deficit of $265,000 at tbe end of the
financial year. What does this portend? I think, sir, In view of the fact
tbat we have had the provincial organizer of the Conservative party
dancing attendance upon the ministers
and interviewing the supporters of the
government day nfter day in the lobby of the House-
Mr. "Ross:   "Name, name."
Mr. Oliver: T am not addressing the
honorable member for Fernie nor his
business partner—the returning officer. (Loud laughter and applause.) We
have had the collector of votes from
New Westminster here and we have also had the procurator-general from tbe
city of Vancouver. The presence of
these notorious gentlemen here at one
lime, coupled with tbe fact of this
large Increase in the expenditure of
public money throughout the province,
I think, sir, portend the
Near Approach of a General Election,
probably before this House meets
again. (Cries of dissent from tbe government side of the House.) Well, sir,
we have been assured agnln and again
on tbe floor of this House by the supporters of the government that there
was no intention of bringing on a general election. We have been assured of
that time and again, but these repeated confident assertions only tend to
confirm me In the opinion I have formed, and that Is: That, If the government can see their way clear to take n
snap verdict of the electors, ns they
did at the lust general election, I say
that if tbe government can see their
way clear to take onothor snap vote of
the electors, they will have no hesitation in bringing on a general election
at a moment's notice. In view of these
facts, I think -t advisable to review the
past record of the government of tbe
day.
What do we find ? We find tbat one
of tbe first nets of the present administration, the House bavlng being dissolved and a date fixed by the Lleuten-
ant-Governor-in-Council for the general election, after the country had
been notified of that date, without any
Just or reasonable cause being advanced, thc present government hurried on the date of the election nnd
held It four weeks earlier than the date
originally fixed by the proper authority und so prevented the full and free
discussion of public matters on which
the public wus entitled to and were de-
Firous to be informed. By that means
Ihe present government secured a simp
verdict of the people in Its favor, but
only then by the grace of the member
for Nanaimo were they enabled to retain their plaeo as a government. Tn
conjunction with the member for Nanaimo and his friends they formulated
an alliance as a result of which tbe
honorable member for Nanaimo became the
Dictator of the Policy
and legislation of the government of
the day. In conjunction with their allies the members of the government
have thus been enabled to hold down
their positions to tbe present day. Sir,
X say that the conduct of the government in this respect is worthy of the
severest censure. Immediately after
taking office we find the premier and
the attorney-general making an election tour all through the northern portion of the province, and we find the
expenses of these gentlemen while thus
engaged, charged up against the revenue of the country. In other words
the public bad to pay the election expenses of tbese gentlemen, nt all events
In so far us the northern portion of
the province goes.
Taking events In their order we now
come to the Fernie election. It might
bo well, In this connection to refer to
the fact that more ballots were rejected In this place than In any other
place In the province. Taking the Fernie election, we find the business partner of the government candidate ap-
j.ofnted returning officer, and we find
that gentleman sending the ballot boxes to Victoria the very night of the
election. The returning officer knew
tbat the Liberal candidate purposed
demanding a recount and yet he took
steps to get the ballot boxes out of his
possession within the least possible
space of time. We find the member for
Fernie's partner	
Mr. Ross: "I'd like to know where
you get your facts?"
Mr, Oliver: We find his business
parner—like a certain lady at a more
recent date—travelling outside the
bounds of the province, so that tha
authorities could not get hold of him.
We find this government which gives
out tbat It is a government of Justice
*.,)     Iiri     I    ■*  .ii/Mrn vy 4t9*
tice is it that the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company must be dealt with
equitably even to the granting of 800,-
000 acres of land which they were not
entitled to under tbe letter of the law,
we find this Just and equitable government disregarding altogether the equity of the case, taking advantage of a
technicality to
Prevent a Recount
of the ballots, and thus, through the
action of his business partner, the
member for Fernie acquired his seat
und has been holding it from that day
tc this.    (Applause.)
Passing on from these things, let us
for a moment consider the legislation
passed by the present government. One
of the most Important bills passed by
this government waB the Assessment
Act, 1903-4. You will no doubt recollect, sir, the determined opposition
which this measure was subjected to nt
the hands of the Liberal members on
the floor of this House. We pointed out
that the financial condition of this province was not In such a state as to require legislation of this drastic nature.
What did the government do then ?
They more than doubled tbe tax on
personal property and income and they
almost doubled the tax on real estate.
But, sir, what did they do In the ease
of the workingman who had a few dollars saved and deposited In the savings
tanks ? This government, secure in
the support of tbe self-styled labor
champion of the province, this government enacted n statute which confiscated 33 1-3 of the income which the
workingman derived from his hardly
earned deposit in the banks. Out of
every -$3 of Income which he was drawing for each $100 of his small savings
the government enacted legislation
which transferred $1 to the revenues of
the province. But not only did they do
that, sir, the government not only made
this excessive demand. They went further. They proposed not only to tax a
man on his stoek in trade, on what he
had got, but they proposed to levy taxation on what he might never get—on
what other people owed him. Sir, when
we advanced our objections to stringent legislation of this sort, what did
the premier do ? He arose on the
floor of this House and delivered an
oration-charging the opposition with a
determination to bankrupt the province; he declared that the Liberal
members were opposing this legislation
wltb the sole object cf causing the government to become defaulters in the
payment of interest due on the next
15th December, and, sooner than rest
under the stigma of such a charge, the
opposition took up this position: We
will wash our bands of this measure
and
Leave the Full Responsibility
for its enactment in its entirety with
the members of the government. Sir,
ut tbat time the premier made one important statement which after events
showed was not warranted by the situation. He claimed that the banks demanded the passage of this legislation
before they were prepared to advance
tbe moneys to the government necessary for the discharge of the liabilities
of the province. Whnt happened when
this legislation was duly enacted nnd
the banks were brought face to face
with their position, depositors were
withdrawing their moneys from the
banks und transferring them to the
south of the boundary line or to the
Eastern provinces. Realizing what
this would mean to the business Interest of the province, what did the bankers do? Why, sir, they came here to
my honorable friend the finance minister and prevailed upon him to allow
that legislation to rest inoperative, and
although the law snys that these moneys in the savings banks shall be taxed, It has never been enforced. I say,
sir, that the mere fact that representatives of the banks wailed upon the government and protested against the carrying out of tbis law Is sufficient justification for saying that the banks did
not demand tills legislation as stated
by the premier In this House. Further
we have the finance minister assuring
the House, and assuring deputations
Which waited upon him—from the Victoria board of trade amongst others—
that this drastic legislation wns absolutely necessary to save the credit of
the province, nnd then to cap the cll-
mnx, at the very next session of this
House we find the government bringing in nn amending net to this very
legislation of 83 sections—83 sections to
amend an act of their own to which
tbey claimed to hnve given the most
careful consideration, but one short
year before. In otber words, air, It
was absolutely necessary for the government to amend nenrly every clause
In their own carefully considered legislation when It was only one year old.
(Applause.) This method of procedure, the taxing of a man on everything he hnd and ou what he had not,
inlsed such
A Storm of Indignant Protest
throughout the province that the government sought to find some meant- of
il.uj'ng public opinion. At the very
Stone session they pnssed a vote of $5,-
000 for the purpose of holding a royal
commission to tell them what to do.
They did that, sir, despite the fact
that the country wus paying the honorable the finance minister 94,000 per
annum to Oo lhat very thing, and further the (iiuvlnce supplied the honorable gentleman with a deputy minister of finance—a skilled accountant —
and a provincial surveyor of tuxes,
whose sole business it Is to understand
and point out the proper system of
taxntlon that should be followed. (Applause.) Notwithstanding that, sir,
the government was compelled to appoint a commission composed of practical business men to tell them what
to do. As to the personnel of this commission, the government appointed two
lespectable business men, but. evident
fearful of the practical common sense
of these gentlemen, tbey also appointed two of the ministers of the crown
for the purpose of watching them. And
what do wc find as a result of this
commission, notwithstanding the precautions of the government? We find,
sir, the report of the commission practically declaring tbat the Assessment
act was bud in Its conception nnd
needed mending to the extent of S3
sections at the very next session of the
House; we find the commission declaring that the government was wrong
In assessing the farmer for his produce In addition to his land and per-
eonnl property; wrong In assessing the
workingman 33 1-3 per cent, of the income he derived from what money he
might have saved nnd deposited in the
savings bank, in fact they found the
government wrong In .a great many
gf th.e.things
**   >Jlf       I
yi'fi-Hi j notice that ojy of
the government did in the new Assessment bill of last year was to reduce the
tax on wild land by 20 per cent. They
put a large acreage of land formerly
assessed as wild land into a different
class as timber lands. So that, sir, instead of paying ft per cent, assessment
nt. wild lands, they now pay but 2 per
cent, as timber lands. In addition
we find a large area now assessed as
coal tond and paying but 2 per cent,
instead of 5 per cent, ns formerly. But
what do we find ns to tbese cnal lands
adjoining coal mines ? We find thnt
the government looked aft'er the coal
mining companies for they allowed
every coal company which had eoal
lands adjoining their mine. For every
25 cents paid In royalty the government exempted one acre of their lands
from being classed ns wild lands. Sir,
although we have no positive information, nor reliable Information, such as
the public accounts on this head, I
have not the slightest hesitation In
saying Hint the result of that change
will be to enable the coal companies—
which seem to be such an object of hatred to the dictator from Nanaimo, because of their oppression of the workingman—it allows these companies,
making their millions, I say. sir, It
enables them to evade the payment of
taxes on their wild land.    (Applause)
Let us pnss from the Assessment act
with Its many amendments, in consider
the legislation passed by this government under the head of Land Act
amendments. It Is within the recollection of this House that when the
government Introduced this legislation
deputation after deputation wafted
upon the government. The hotels of
this city were full with men from all
portions of the province, groups upon
every street corner discussed adversely
the government proposals, and the corridors of this building were crowded
with int-n
Protesting Against This Legislation.
Legislation, sir, which confiscated
the value of the timber upon crown-
granted lands. We find that the government turned a deaf ear to the petition of these men and positively refused to grant any concession whatever. They Insisted on confiscating the
value of this timber. The protest
against this legislation wns not confined to the large speculator class, so
the appeal was In vain. Take It In
my own district. What was the effect of tbis proposed legislation. ? We
bave a large area of lands within the
20-mile C. P. R. belt. We find tbe regulations of the Dominion government
were very liberal towards the settlors
at they should be, where the difficulty
of clearing land Is so great. They
gave every settler a homestead of 160
acres free, and after Borne little time
they followed thnt up by a free gift
or tbe timber on the land. It was absolutely necessary to enable the settler to clear his land that he should be
In a position to sell the timber nnd
have the proceeds to clenr his homestead. Compare the policy of the Liberal government at Ottawa with thnt
o." the Conservative government nt Victoria. The government at Ottuwa listened to the prayer of the nctual set-
tiers on the land and gave them the
timber for nothing, and scarcely was
the ink dry on their grants wben this
government introduced legislation to
confiscate the whole vnlue of the timber. Deputation after deputation
waited upon tho government nnd laid
these facts before them, and what was
the result ? Tbe government said thai
tbey were In a tight place and that
they had to do It. That wns the
answer these gentlemen received from
the first Conservative government of
British Columbia, Owners of shingle
mills who proposed to manufacture the
timber on tbese homesteads found that
the effect of the proposed legislation
would be to render their operation Impossible so that tho government, by Introducing this legislation, would be
closing up these promising industries.
We found that tho effect nf thf* proposed legislation would be to Impose a
very heavy tax upon the logs cut upon these homestead?, nnd there wns a
proposition made thnt if these logs
were manufnetnred In the province
there would be a rebate which would
make the value of timber on homesteads just the same as thnt of the
timber on crown lauds which had
never had anything done to them in
the shape of hi*>p,'ov*--m**nr. After ul!
these deputations bad hcon down here,
the members of them proceeded to
make a canvass of the members of this
House. There was no trouble what
ever with the members of the oppost-
tion. They, to a mnn, were unalterably opposed to a policy of confiscation.
To tbe laBtlng credit of the member for
New Wcutminitor he told the government—the much vaunted first Conservative government of the province of
British Columbia—lhat while he was
prepared to support the party, he and
others of his colleagues whom he had
consulted wer-» not p*"pared to arbitrarily confiscate the property of thest
land owners. It wus owing to tbe determined stand of the opposition, assisted by somo three or four of the
government supporters, that the gov
ernment were compelled to recede from
the position tiiey had taken up, and
this tax of 50 cents per thousand feel
was reluctantly reduced to 1  cent per
thousand feet, l well recollect the determined attitude taken up by tho
finance minister when this question
wns before Ihe House. He first held
out for 50 cents per cord on shingle
bolts, then hi maintained M should be
3.1 cents, and then SB cents, ami finally,
when it was argued lhat shingle bolts
should be fronted ns ordinary lumber,
he reluctantly consented, and the taxation, as 1 said before, Ir now 1 cent
per cord and 1 Cant per thousand feet.
That Is due, sir, entirely to the action
of the Liberal members of th in House.
We next come to the timber license
question. One of tbe greatest objections to the timber license system was
that licenses wore issued from year tn
year, and there was no security of
title. The government In 1903-4 emu-led legislation, authorizing tho Issuing
of licenses for 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 years. The
fees being paid In a lump sum by this
means, the government secured in ono
year moneys which should properly belong to the revenue of following years.
Then last year we have tho proposition
for an entirely new system of licensing. But what do we find when the
government proposed to give continuity of title for a period of 20 or 21
years?   We find, sir, the timber
Speculators Had Inside Knowledge
of the proposed legislation, and they
were thus enabled to stoke off and
acquire licenses for Immense areas
owing entirely to their knowledge of
the proposals of the government.
Largely, as -a result of their surrept-
.'••"-■■■
itlous knowledge, the public accounts
show that the revenue from timber licenses and royalty was considerably
over (100,000. We know, as a matter
of fact, that the Increased amount of
timber manufactured, according to the
statement of the minister of finance,
was one hundred million foot, nnd that
this produced a revenue of not more
than $50,000. But We find that the revenue jumpoil to an nmount considerably over $100,000. showing thnt the inside knowledge of the speculators enabled them to take up vast areas of
public lands und thus to tnke full ad-
vnntage of their knowledge of the proposed legislation. Now. sir, wbat was
that proposed legislation? Licenses
wore to be Issued from yoar to year,
and were subject to any Increase In
royalties which the legislature saw fit
to Impose. Then there was another
lause under which holders of timber
licenses Issued before the passing of
the act were to be given the right to
renew their licenses for un additional
period of sixteen years, and fixing tha
maximum royalty payable under such
renewed licenses at 00 cents per thousand feet. When you came to consider
that in the near future it muy be
necessary to Increase tho royalty for
tho purpose of augmenting the revenue of 75 cents or $1, or even more,
you can easily see the Immense advantage these speculators have over the
ordinary license holder. The favored
Individuals who, on account of inside
Information, were enabled to stake off
large areas of our timber lands, have
thus added to the value of their holdings. When we consider the fact that
It may be found necessary for the
purpose of Increasing the revenue to
raise this royalty on timber to 75 cents
or even $1, or possibly 52. the Immense
speculative value of these licenses can
easily be seen, they become a most
valuable property solely on account of
the inside knowledge obtained by the
holders. When this matter wus being
threshed out on the floor of this House,
we had the honorable the third member for Vancouver declaring thut It
was good policy to give the speculator
a good chance In the province of Br't-
Ish Columbia. I do not know, sir, what
position that honorable gentleman will
take when next he solicits tho suffrages of the electors. But I do think
that the electors of British Columbia
would prefer that these values should
inure to the benefit of the whole people rather than this speculator.
I think there is another point in
ronncetlon with this matter worthy of
nnr attention. We have a class of
timber lands held under leases with a
royalty of 50 cents; wo have another
class of timber license where tho royalty Is limited to 60 cents, and we have
a large number of licenses—new 11-
censes— where the royalty mny bo advanced to any sum this legislature
sees fit to impose. I do not think It Is
to the best Interests of the province
thnt Ihis state of affairs should exist.
I say the proper position for the government to take was to give all the
licensees the opportunity to renew
their licenses under tbe same conditions and with the same privileges
possessed by those taking out new licenses. That would have been a sound
policy, a good business policy, and
I here tn a good deal of talk about
graft these days. There should be no
graft, nor should opportunities he
given for graft. I maintain, sir, that
it would hove been a much better and
more business like policy had the government first taken some steps to ascertain the extent nnd nature of our
timber resources, so that they would
have at their disposal reliable information to lay before the capitalist
when he sought to invest In this province.   We
Should Have a Uniform System
of dealing with our timber resources,
and it is much to be regretted that
the government havo neglected this
opportunity of inaugurating a business
like and straightforward policy In this
connection.   (Applause.)
Then, sir, we have this session numerous amendments to the Land Act.
Judging by their general tenor and by
tho speeches made In their support,
we are forced to the conclusion that
this legislation was Inspired by the desire of the chief commissioner of lands
nnd works to got even with Mr. Emerson, of Vancouver. We find legislation tn force the hand logger to return
to the primitive methods of fifty years
bark. The hand logger was to be denied the assistance of steam power,
and tho hand of time was to be turned
back fifty years or more. That was
the kind of legislation the government
sought to Impose upon the province.
We now come to the Loan Act Introduced by the government. Owing to
the financial position of tbe government tt was claimed that It was absolutely necessary to float a loan for $1,-
OOo.dOO. It wns proposed that that loan
should bear Interest at 5 per cent., and
tbat It should be repayable In ten
years by yearly Instalments. Tho opposition took the position that the
Stringency in the money mnrkot was
only temporary, and moved In amendment that It was not advisable to Issue the loan for a longer period than
throe years, during which time a new
loan might be Issued for Ihe purposo
of taking up the temporary loan at a
much more reasonable rnto of Interest,
probably 3 per cent. The government
of the duy would not listen to this rcn-
sonablfl proposition, It wns polntei)
out in them that the annual repayment, coupled with the high rate of
Interest amounted to $150,000, nnd that
tho result would he that the government   would   not   hnve   the   necessary
money to   lay   out   In   reproductive
works, such ns roads, streets nnd
bridges, as It would be Impossible to
still  maintain   tbese  nnd   keep   up  the
Instalments  on the loan, and we find
tImt the appropriations for these very
necessary public works have heen less
than one half the amount of the former appropriations. Sir, tbe position
tho opposition then took up wns more
than justified loss than two years afterwards. Less than two years after
the Issuing of that lonn the municipality of North Vancouver and Ihe
city of Vancouver borrowed money at
4 per cent. Tbat Is to say that n new
munlo.lpnllty was In a bettor position
to borrow money than the province of
British Columbia. I say, sir. that under a -vlser administration iIn- province of British Columbia would be In
a position to borrow money at a cheap*
er rate thnn a new municipality, when
it bus a very heavy debt bs North
Vancouver already has. I maintain,
sir, that tbe government of this province should, nt all events, bo able to
do ns Well as a new nnd heavily burdened municipality. (Applause.) Whnt
positlofi are we in to-day?   Last ses
sion, sir, I called the attention of thi**
House to the fact that this wise and
business-like government was paying
interest at the rate of 5 per cent, on an
overdraft of over $300,000, at the same
time they had In hand $500,000, which
was only yielding 3 per cent. In other
words, owing to their lack of business
foresight the government were throwing away 2 per cent, on $300,000,
amounting to $6,000 per annum. I am
glad to say that this matter having
been urged upon the finance minister,
and the Information given him, he proceeded to act upon ft, and he has Blnce
paid off that overdraft. If the honorable gentleman will pay more attention to the Information and advice
which he receives from this side of the
House, If it should be his good fortune to make another annual financial
statement, I make no doubt but that
he will be In a better position than
he Is to-day. (Applause.) We find,
sir, that ihe debentures authorized under this Loan Act were issued somewhere about March 1st, 1904; we find,
according to the public accounts, tbat
on ihe 30th June, 1904, $536,000 stood to
the credit of tho province nt current
account at the Bank of Commerce; we
find on the 31st December, 1904, $402,000
of this money stood to our credit; we
find that on the 15th February, 1005,
$554,000; on the 30th June, 1905, $525,000,
and on the mst December last we find
$622,000 standing to our credit. In
other words, under this Loan Act we
are paying 5 per cent on $1,000,000, and
on an average have $538,000 lying in
the bank at current account, for which
we receive 2 per cent., a loss of 2 per
cent, to the province, or over $10,000
per annum. I think, sir, tbat If the
honorable gentleman, tbe minister of
finance, will take such matters as this
Into consideration, he will find himself
In a position to make a more satisfactory financial statement than he has
done.    (Applause.)
We were told the other day by the
premier, with his usual truthfulness,
that the Liberals opposed the taxation
of railways. Sir, you can take the
Journals of this House and turn up
the record of that Railway Assessment
BUI, and you will find that that bill
passed Its second reading without any
division of the House. You will find,
sir, that we did not oppose the increased taxation of railways. You will
find, sir, that we did protest emphatically against the discrimination
shown as between one railway and anther. It was pointed out that some
railways that came within the scope
of this bill would be paying at the
rate of 1 per cent., and some of the
others as high as 38 per cent, of their
gross Income taxation. It was pointed out thnt an equitable government,
a business like government, an Intelligent government, would ao have drawn
up their legislation ns
To Bear Equitably
upon all the companies. But who was
It, sir, who drew the attention of the
government to this much needed legislation? Who wns It pointed out to
the government of the day, the neees-
slty of making the railway companies
bear their fair share of the burdens of
tbe province? Did that suggestion
come, Bir, from the government side of
the House? If you will turn to the
journals of the House, sir, for 1908, at
page 56, you will find that It was Mr.
Smith Curtis, at thnt time and able
Liberal member of this House, a man
who Is known and respected throughout the length and breadth of the province, you will find, sir, that It was
that gentleman who pointed out to the
occupants of the government benches,
that the railway companies were not
paying their fair share of taxation. It
was the exposure then made which
led to the Increased taxation of railways. In this connection, members of
(his House will doubtless call to mind
a little by play In which the leader of
the government took part. The premier was spreading himself on the
floor of this House and patting himself on the back because of his courage
In Introducing this legislation, when
suddenly a page of the House was
seen to hurry out and return accompanied by the
Dictator From Nanaimo.
So soon as the Inst nnmed takes his
seat he asks the premier, "Have you
received any protests from the railway
companies?" At once the premier
dives into his pocket, puils out a yellow paper and reads a protest from
the C. P. R. Sir, the honorable gentleman evidently thinks the members on
this side of the House do not appreciate a idee little piece of clap-trap of
that sort. We have had our eyes opened for some time, and whilst the premier of the privonce and his dictator
from Nannlmo may condescend, we, on
this side of the House, think It he-
neath our dignity to resort to such
petty tricks.   (Applause.)
We now come to the
Dyking Act
of last session. Here again, sir. we on
this side of the House were fully alive
to the difficulty of settling the question, and we were fully prepared to
give our support to any reasonable
measure tending te a satisfactory nolu-
tlon of the question.  But, sir, what did
we find    when    this    legislation    was
brought   down?    Why,   sir.    the    paid
agent   of speculators    frequenting  the
corridors and galleries of this House,
Furthermore,  when  this  matter came
up for discussion  we  find    this   pnld
ngettt of speculators sitting In the galleries and  contradicting   n  statement
made on the floor of this House by a
member   of  tills   House;   we   find   this
paid agent of speculators vacating tho
position   In   the  galleries  nnd   denying
that  he had uttered   the contradiction
nnd   laying  the  blame  on  some mys-
terlOUB iwrsou strongly resembling him.
(Laughter and applause.) We find thnt
Ihis bill has added  In  round numbers
$600,000 to the burdens of the people.
This burden has been saddled upon the
people of the province, and  this Is a
bill in the Interest of speculators.   We
find this to be the position:    In Chlllt-
wack,  where  the  land    Is    nearly all
owned   by settlers,   the reduction pro-
I posed was 13 per cent., and In Matsqul,
: where a  portion  only  of the  land  fs
; owned by speculators, the proposed e-
duotlon wns 23 per cent.; in Maple rld-
; In|  there wns a proposed reduction of
. 48 per cent.; In Coqultlam, where there
1 are few settlers, a proposed reduction
of 63 per cent,: In Pitt Meadows, where
i there Is not a single settler, there ts a
| reduction of 63    per   cent.    In   other
! w-rtr-19. the Arnoniit'of r-Pdu. tlnn atlow-
I ed these districts Is In Inverse ratio to
the number of bona fide settlers tn the
place,    t characterise this bill as
A Rajik Speculator's bill.
[This Is k-i^-t^iiient legislation   on I haif of the -"■peculator as opposed to
the bona fide settler on the land. I
would warn the minister of finance
that if he be really desirous to develop
Those natural resources Of which he
claims to have such an exalted opinion, then. sir. be must in the future
follow a very different policy to that
which baa been pursued by the government in the past.   (Applause.)
We come now, sir. to what? We find
the government Introducing last year a
bill entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the School Act." Imagine, sir.
If It be possible for you to do ho, the
government calling such a piece of
legislation as this an net to amend anything. We must lay ll cither to their
audacity or their ignorance. Anything*
worse than the bill of last year Is not
to be found lu the civilized world outside of Russia. T am surprised that the
people of British Columbia have not
protested more emphatically ugalnst It
Hut, sir, they are a law-abiding people, and knowing that there was but a
short two yearn from the passage of
that hill until they would hnve an opportunity of
ItedreBfi hy Constitutional Means,
fhey nre hut wailing their opportunity,
and. sir, I am much mistaken If they
do not follow the example set them by
the Mother Country and wipe the government and their School Act out of
existence. What does this bill do? It
reduces the salaries of the school
teachers and discriminates against,
litem: It discriminates against the outlying districts. We find, sir, that 76
schools out of 200 positively refused to
vole one single dollar for the purposes
fif this act; we find some school dis-
iricts refusing to elect trustees; we
find other districts refusing to supplement the grant; wo find many of the
teachers, finding tbey could get no increase of salary beyond that ullowed
by tbe government, resigned; and we
find lhat tbe government actually propose (hat ibese teachers shall not be
allowed to resign their positions until
the end of the school term. The government, sir, is thus attempting to
dragoon these school teachers so that
liiey cannot resign, and that In the
province of British Columbia. (Applause). We have been told by the
finance minister that thc whole eaving
in ihe cost of education was $13.7r>S less
lhan Ins! year. Sir, Ihe honorable
gentleman proceeded to tell us that six
months of the year comes In under the
pew act, so that the saving for ono
year may bo taken as sumeihing like
$27,000. We fiud in the year ending
1904 that the vote for education amounted to $441.01)0; for the year ending
1006 the vote for education was $444.-
OOO—un iucreuse for the year of $;:,000.
I muy say that these figures are taken
from tho estimates for the different
years and they, llierefore, Know un estimated saving of $30,000. We find, sir,
that the tax on real property for the
coming year Ih estimated to produce
$■,'35,000; the tax on personal property
to produce *J12r>.O0t>. and the lax on wild
land to produce $100,onri. sir, If you put
one mill on the dollar on these three
Hems you will find dial It will reHtilt
In a revenue of over $45,000, showing
conclusively that one milt on tho dollar
on the assessment roll will realise
$-16,000 per annum In excess of what
the linan.ee minister claims to he the
amount saved by this act. I submit,
sir, (bat It Is
Not  a   Business Proposition
to disarrange the whole of the legisla-
lion regarding education, to decrease
ihe efficiency of our schools, to cut
down the salaries of ihe teachers, and
cause the widespread discontent which
this legislation has caused for thy sake
of tho saving tn the treasury of an impost of one mill on the dollar. Take
this present year; the minister nf finance has pointed out that tliere is a
saving i>f (13.750 on Ihe six months.
Does this represent a saving to the
people? Is it nol a fact lhat this
money has still to bo provided? In 124
school districts the deficiency caused
by this dangorous system has got to
be made good, and Ihe school districts
hnve to Increase the teachers' salaries
oyer what was formerly found sutfici-
fjit. For the reason lhat under thc
provii-'lnns of ibis School Aet not one
■lollar of the money to be collected will
be available till nexi year, and when
vou soy to a lonelier. "Please to wait
for a part of your salary unlit next
year," It is only right lhat lhat salary
should he increased as some compensation for the inconvenience caused hy
ihe withholding of a part of Ihe teacher's earnings. I am sorry to see that
tny honorable friend tho member for
Nanaimo is not In his seal, because i
want to draw the attention of that
E-enllemun   to    the    fact    that    school
teachers nre .just as much dependent on
their earnings as ihe workers in mines,
ind yet be und his friends havo supported     legislation      which     withholds
rrom these wage earners u portion of
lhplr earnings for twelve months, T
will leave bim to Justify bis position
if he can. Not only does the necessity
lo   raise   this   additional   money   exist,
but there is the cost of assessing and
•ollectlng his money In die different
district*-.      -Ve   Hod.   sir.   that     In     the
{yerage rural school district ii is worth
t) per cent, on the dollar to collect this
honey. Then, sir. wbat do we find as
mother result of this bill? Wo find
•he honorable the minister of finance
mm frig down here and tolling us lhal
* is necessary lo provide $9,600 to pny
tddltlonal .issessors. conclusively proving oot of the honorable gentleman's
DWn mouth that It will be necessary
I" in-Tense the number of government
•>m.-lals in order lo set this additional
rnachlnery In motion, machinery ere-
ited, sir. by this statute. 1 have stat-
'd  that this legislation will
Work Peculiar Hardship
•tn the outlying districts. I have a
rommunicatlon here. sir. from a man
who Is an utter stranger to me. He
■ays. sir, lhat the trustees for the
■ii'hools of New Denver are about to
oorrow money from the Bank of Mon-
trpal at 12 per cent, on their personal
note In order to carry on the schools.
Hon. Mr. Fulton:    "Good for them!"
Mr, Oliver: The honorable the minister of education says, "good for
lhetn.""but I say thai any body of j
icliool trustees who will borrow Money
ui their personal note for the purpose
if carrying on the schools committed |
lo Jhelr care have a great deal  moro I
ommon sense, more thought for the j
jublic wetfnre and more business abll- I
Ity  than   the mlnlsler of education   or
he government thai endorsed thifl hill. ■
(Applause.) to ihir* I'onneclloti, the |
Liberals on the fb-or of thi" .House, sir,
isk-e ih* position Ihsi lt>*'ild be bet-
I
ter to revert to the conditions existing
before the passage of this bill. We
take this position. The resources ot
the provinco handled In a statesmanlike way will provide a very large revenue, and we take the position that
all tbe people of the province have an
equal right to participate In the benefits accruing from the development of
our natural resources, no one person
being entitled io more than another,
and further that the revenue so derived cannot be more equitably expended
than In maintaining a proper educational system, and lhat tbe revenue so
derived should be expended for the
benefit of the people as a whole. I
desire, sir, to call your attention to the
fact lhat this reprehensible legislation
was supported hy the so-called Social-
its party In ibis House, by the dictator
from Nanaimo and his friends. It was
supported by these gentlemen, although ihey were well aware that It
Weighed Most Heavily
on the poorer sections of the province,
bin on account of their compact with
the government of the day they are
prepared to support this legislation the
principle of which they condemn. They
support It simply because they are carrying out their compact Willi Ihe government of tbe day by doing so, but,
sir, what does tho shrewd. iar-seelng
member for Nanaimo do? He dictates
to the government. He says: "1 will
support this legislation, but you must
and you shall exempt from its operation all the lands within (he- Esquimau & Nanaimo railway bolt outside
municipalities. It Is bad legislation. I
will support you, but I will not allow
you to inflict it on the district which I
represent and the district with which
my interests are hound up." Then,
sir, we have before us a proposition
for the amendment of ihis legislation,
The governmenl one year ngo passed
a bill of 12S sections, and this year they
find It necessary—Just as they have
done with Ihe Assessment bill—to
bring down a bill of B7 sections to
amend Ihe bill of 128 sections. That,
air, is another example of what the
government calls well considered legislation. This Is Ihe class of legislation
which Ihey had the audacity lo tell us
the otber day met with the approval of
the masses of the people. (Applause.)
The premier denounced myself as the
man who had stirred up all the trouble,
but lie could not substantiate his statement by one atom of proof. The fact
remains, this legislation which the premier termed "well conceived" now
stands In need of a further bill of 68
sections to amend It, ft having been
In operation only a few days. It Is
proposed to amend this bill so far as
Ihe rural municipalities are concerned
by cancelling all school districts and
the election of all school trustees, and
by throwing the municipality all into
one school district. I have In my district two municipalities, each 10 miles
in width, and a length of 15 miles.
These municipalities cover an area of
140 to 150 square miles, in each of
which some 15 schools are situated.
These schools are from 13 to 18 miles
apart, and some of our roads are such
lhat it is Impossible to travel them except on a good stoftl horse. We have
all these schools to be put Into the
hands of five trustees, Those gentlemen ore supposed to be so patriotic
that they are prepared lo devote the
necessary time to attend without remuneration lo ihe welfare or the
schools. 1 say. sir. that such a proposal is well worthy of the brain from
which it emanated; it Is a proposal
which would do credit to one of the Inmates of Ihe government institution at
Now Westminister, When it was pointed out lhat the
School System Would Inevitably Suffer
through throwing these responslblltles
upon the shoulders of these five gentlemen, what did the minister propose?
He proposed Instead of bavlng five men
to work for nothing, to huxe seven men
work for nothing. 1 cannot see, sir,
his idea In this, It was not a matter
of physical exertion; it was simply a
matter of time and trouble, and I can-
nil see how ll would make li any easier
for the original live to give them two
additional i ravelling   companions   nor
would It make the roads any more passable,    (Applause.)
Let us now, sir, consider for a few
moments whal the government havo
done in the way of administration. One
of the most Important questions which
came up for settlement was lu connection with tbe administering of the
lands rescued from tho C. P. B, in
Southeast Kootenay. What did they
do in Ibis regard? What did they say
to the applicants for prospecting licenses? They said, "We'll give you all
licenses. Vou jusl band over $100 in
lawful money of tho Dominion of Canada, and we'll give you all licenses
covering Ihe whole of these coal and oil
lands. What has been thc result? A
certain amount of revenue has found
Its way Into the treasury of tho pvov
Ince, and for the benefit of the gentlemen of tho long robe there bus been
ruised a very pretty crop of law suits.
Tbe action of the government simply
fed In cotifusion worse confounded,
Such a state of affairs would not bave
been possible if we bad hud a government lhal would have first ascertained
the exact condition or things and governed itself accordingly, As u consequence, ihe full Ure of the governmenl
lo exercise due discretion has ted to
grave Injustice, I do not say this wns
an easy matter to deal with, but there
has never yet been u difficulty which
was nol caiiahle ,,f some kind of solution. Thnt solution might do an Injustice to some, or an Injustice to
others because there nre situations
where it Is not possible to
Do Justice lo All.
[tut when yen aro race lo face wilh a
situation of this sort, I lake It that the
proper solution of the difficulty Is that'
one which would do tho least amount of
Injustice. But in this case the government have Issued licenses overlapping
one another; In some cases I have been
Informed, as many as twenty licenses
had been Issued ror the same land and
covering the same gr id.    What  was
the result?    Instead of the country being developed,  men  who   bad    money
would not come near It.   Tbey said, in
effect,   we  nre   buying   mines  and   are
willing to lay nut our money In such ■
Investments,  but  we are nol    buying '
lawsuits.   Furthermore) no title can be I
obtained  to  these lands In  respect   to
coal or oil, and for thus retarding the
progress nf the country I say that the
government  is worthy of   severe condom nn lion.    (Applause.)
Then, sir. we have tho government of
ihe day contrary to the provision*: of
the Land   Act, engaged  In  the swap- |
ring of lauds and behaving like a common huckster. They even went the
length of employing a real estate agent
to gl\e an opinion on the value of
lands. We find them applying to their
own officials, and we find Mr. Skinner,
of Vancouver, a Ihoroughly competent official of the government, advising against tbe premeditated deal, so
they go and employ a real estate agent.
I say, sir. lhat his report was made to
ill the exigencies of the case, and that
the government simply made an exchange of lands situated between New
Westminster and Vancouver for swamp
and other lands covered with worthies** timber. In tbe district of Coqult-
lam, at a loss of thousands of dollars
to the province.
Then, sir, lake the dealing with the
Lands at Kitlmaat
last session. Tnke the sworn evidence
of the chief commissioner of lands and
works. Who should have known all
about this mailer If be did not? It
was in his department, and yet he admits under oath that he only knew of
these transactions going on when they
were reported to bim by an outside
party altogether. Here is a gentleman puld $4,000 a year by the province to be the head of his department,
ad yet he has sworn thnt he did not
know what was going on In It.
Take the position of tbe premier himself. We find that be hHs authorized
grants of land over bis own signature
which he had to admit under oath
ought lo be cancelled. We find, owing lo the revelations before the investigating committee that of the land
alienated by the government for the
purposes of the Orand Trunk Railway
one quarter will bring In millions of
dollars to the government. Thut was
stated by the premier. Is It not plain,
then, that if one quarter
Will Bring In Millions,
the other three-quarters will bring in
thrice those millions ? We find that
Ihe government of the day for the paltry sum of one dollar per aore alienated these lands to a group of private
-"■peculators, and we have evidence
that these speculators purposed and
had made au agreement to alienate
them In their turn for a profit of $40,-
000. Sir, there is a further menace; the
premier did not say, and will not say,
how many more of these Becret agreements are In the archives of the government. We, ou this side of thc
House do not know bow many of these
Kltlmaat-Katen-Burnaby transactions
are hidden away In Ihe department.
and, sir, it Is Impossible for us to
Imagine. These matters, however, are
too fresh In the minds of the members
of the House to Justify me In taking
up time at the present juncture.
I  turn  now  to  the  position  or the
minister or mines.   It Is well known
that this province Is rich beyond tbe
dreams of avarice in mineral wealth.
Our Mineral Wealth
has been a surprise to the whole of
the civilized world. The governmenl
were pledged to follow a certain line
of policy when they came to this
House, But, sir. when they were asked lo redeem their promises we find
them simply trifling with the representatives of the people. Sir, nothing,
absolutely nothing, has heen done by
Ihe minister of mines to redeem bis
promises, nothing whatever bas been
done during his term of office to develop our vast mineral wealth. (Applause.)
Turn for a moment fo the department of tbe attorney-general und what
do we find ? The honorable the attorney-general Is, T regret to say, absent or I had intended lo go fully Into
his career as attorney-general and to
show the people what kind of chief
law officer of the crown they had, (Applause.)
Take the
Administration of Justice
ir this province. It bas degenerated
into u farce. Sir, accused criminals
have been sent up for trial und the In-
Ofctments so drawn up that they did
not meet the offence. As a result, the
trial judge bad to say to the jury that
I here was no evidence to lay before
them In support of the charge, In one
case, nfter this farce had been played,
tbe culprit bud a hack waiting aud he
was crossing the boundary line In a
short time. Then came tho ridiculous
by-play of an attempt to capture htm
after he had had hours of start on his
wuy to the International boundary line.
In this province we have laws for the
protection of tbe people, but when the
attorney-general is applied to, he says,
"It la not for me to take action," I
have communication after communication In which this gentleman has been
applied to and In reply he says, "I
will see justice done." In a few dnys
another communication is received in
which he declines to net. For nearly
two years I strove to call his attention
te a glaring Injustice In my own constituency. Notwithstanding promise
after promise that matter stands today just where It did two yours ago.
We find the honorable gentleman
taking a nice little journey over to the
Old Country at the
Expense of the People
of this province for the purpose of get-
hug a couple or ruses  sei  down   for
appeal.    Travelling as the Attorney-
General or the Province of British Columbia, it is beneath the dignity of
(he honorable gentleman to travel
without his COUrtlerS, He is unable io
g. there tinlesB nltended by hh private secretary and. when he gets back
After seining these two cases roi* appeal, the province Iihs to Toot the bill.
He Is a gentleman of such eminent legal ability that he thinks he would like
another trip lo the Old Country last
year to argue the street ends ease between the City of Vancouver and Ihe
C. P. R. Such wus the opinion of the
people of Vancouver ns to bis ability
that, us soon us they heard tbat the
attorney-general wns to nrgue the ense,
Ihey said, "We wash our hands of the
whole affair; If you ure going to take
It up, wc won" thave anything to do
With it." Well, sir, the honorable gentleman argued the cose with such rein.rkuble ability lhat he secured judgment with costs against his unfortunate clients. (Laughter and upplause.)
Iu addition to that, sir, tbe Province
of British Columbia will have another
I'llle
BUI or Expenses
to setlle or $1,501- or $1,000, and proh-
uhly five oi six thousand more, for a
bill of COItl for tho privilege of having
this legal luminary aigue a case before tbe Privy Council. The honorable
gentlemen It: now enjoving a Utile trip
In Ottawa on private business. T
think,  sir,  that  when  thu people   of
the country are called upon to pay a
salary of $4,000 per annum to this honorable gentleman, they are entitled to
his services, and If it be not sufficient
to secure all his time, it would be better to increase his salary in order that
the business of the country may be attended to, or to dispense with his services altogether, and it is rumored
that the honorable gentleman will have
lo adopt the latter alternative in the
near future. It is also reported, with
some show of reason, that there Is a
difference between the honorable gentleman and bis colfeagues as to a matter which relates to the C. P. R, It Is
a peculiar fact that hts absence from
this legislature tends to the belief that
there is a solid foundation for this rumor.
Sir, I, like the honorable the minister of finance, have unbounded faith
in the
Potentialities .. This Province.
In our climate we have a most valuable asset, an asset which has already
brought many here, and In the near
future will bring many more from the
Northwest Territory, which Is not so
blessed. It is the climate which will
Induce many to come to this beautiful
Island for the purpose of settling; It
Is the climate which will induce many
to make homes upon the coast of the
mainland. In addition we have vast
natural resources; we can offer the
greatest facilities for the purposes of
stock raising and agriculture; we are
possessed of great potentialities In the
way of wator power for the generating
of electricity and other purposes. At
this point, sir, let me make a contrast
between this so-called Conservative
government and the Liberal administration at Ottawa. The government at
Ottawa conducted experiments which
demonstrated that
Smelting of Iron Ores
can be carried on by means of electricity as a commercial enterprise. I
say, sir, tbat by that one thing alone,
the Liberal government at Ottawa has
done more for the development of our
mineral resources than the Conservatives have done rlnee Confeacratlon.
We have large areas which produce
gold,  sliver and copper,  and  the    in
ducements offered by the Dominion
government have led to the production of zinc as a commercial enterprise.
Sir, if we had a -wise provincial administration, one of their first acts
would be to take stock of the assets of
the province; they would take stock of
the timber resources; they would take
stock of our coal, and our oil: they
would take stock of our vast fishing
possibilities; they would institute
numerous exploratory ond Instrumental surveys, so that fhey would be tn
a position to direct Intending settlers
lo such lands as they desire. To-day,
sir, we are In a worse position as to
tbe obtaining of such information as
Is required by intending settlers than
we were when 1 first arrived in this
province, some 29 years ago. There
was then more information available
to the Intending settler than there Is
to-day, Sir, we should send our surveyors to lay out and obtain information about these lands; steps should
be taken to ascertain their possibilities so as to induce tbe
Capitalist and the Settler
alike to come In. Then wo should be
able to give both the capitalist and
the settler clear lilies, and we would
not stand for confiscation, as this present government bus stood. We would
not bave to break faith with those
with whom we made contracts, be
they corporations or private individuals. I say, sir, that we should not
only keep faith, but we should administer the property r.f the people of the
province as asacred trust. (Applause.)
By a wise regulation and administration of the affairs of the people of the
provinco we would raise British Columbia to that proud position to which
her vast natural resources entitle her—
the foremost province In this vast Dominion. Thnt, sir. Is our policy on this
side of the House, and we feel confident that wben the day of a general
election comes, that policy will commend Itself to the people: we have a
Just cause, undivided honesty of purposo, and we are confident, sir, that
we will meet with that approbation
from the people to which our policy
entitles us. (Loud and prolonged applause.)
LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION
REVIEWS WORK OF LAST
SESSION AT VANCOUVER
HE TAKES UP KAIEN
ISLAND QUESTION
J. A. Macdonald K. C„ Tells ot the Difficulties Which the Opposition Hus
Had to Encounter,
The Liberal Association in Vancouver recently took advantage of
the presence of J. A. Macdonald, K, C,
tho leader jf the opposition In the local
legislature, In that city, and held a
meeting at which Mr. Macdonald reviewed the session. The meeting was
presided over by Onpt. J, Duff Stuart.
In Introducing the leader of tbe opposition the chairman declared tbat the
minority report In the Kaien Island
matter would Justify the phrase used,
"a land of adventurers, male und fe-
maitt."   He suid thut Chas. Wilson has
beccme so i ick of the government tlmt
ho hud got out "torn utuong them. He
propher-tcll tht*: the government was
riding to c luil
J. A. Mi.cdonuld's speech nl the
meeting Is reported In the News-Advertiser as follows:
He said that as there had been some
feeling on the part of some Liberals
thut he had gone through the city several times without seeking to make
himself better acqunfntetd, he felt he
could not go back this time without
meeting in the manner In which he was
now meeting the Liberals of the greatest city in British Columbia. (Applause.) He knew they were a strenuous lot here, and did not need to go
to the hulls of the legislature to find
men who were prepared to make a
vigorous struggle for their own existence.
Proceeding to deni with questions of
politics, he said he did not say tbe opposition had done good work during
the session Just closed; he did not
say thut It had done nil that It was
possible for Liberals to do lu the
House, because a great many, no
doubt, thought that, to have done the
very best work, they ought lo bave
turned the government out of power
aud got in themselves, but those who
thought so knew nothing of the combination the opposition had lo face.
There were some Conservatives In ihe
House, representatives of Vancouver,
Mho mude a claim Hint Ihey were Independent, who were Inclined to pose
ns Independents, and were inclined to
vote against the government when
there wns no danger to the government, and poso before the electors as
the Independent representatives or ihe
people; bui whenever ii came to a
decisive test, no matter how much
rpposed to the Interests or Vancouver,
and to their own professed sentiments
and beliefs, these same gentlemen were
always found lined up und voting In
favor of the McBride government.
Then there were the Socialists, who
were supposed to huve principles
which Liberals did not believe lu, and
no more did Conservatives; but whenever It came to a question of endangering the existence of the government, the Socialists were found lining up, becoming the principal supporters of the government, nnd assisting by their voices and by their
voles In sustaining the government in
lower. He referred In particular to
the McOllI University bill. While the
hill was In committee of tbe whole, he
said, tbe Socialists were found speaking und voting against it. They de-
r'ured that they believed It wus not
tn the Interests of the people of tbe
province, just ns tbe Liberals declared
they b-iheved* it was an Interference
with the existence of the High schools,
and thnt ll tended to keep back the
t"ay when lite province would have a
university of its own, They spoke and
voted against It. with ihe result, according to the SfttMier, thut it wes de
feated In committee, and once, on a
motion by Hon. Mr. Carter-Cotton, In
the House.; but when it came to a
test, a Juncture when the government
would have been defeated, and if defeated, would have had to resign, what
were the Socialists found doing? These
same men became the principal champions of the government und voted and
carried the measure through,
Thut wus the kind of thing the opposition had hnd to contend against.
There never wus the slightest danger
to thc Conservative administration
from the Socialists. They wanted to
hold their seats nnd draw their indemnities, nnd hold the balance of
power In the House. Why should the
Socialists put the government out?
Were the Socialists fools? Did they
want to surrender the power they
had? He did not believe they would
ever again have In tbe legislature of
British Columbia tbe power they had
had during thc last three years.
One question which has appealed
very strongly to the imagination of
Hie people of Ihis province, continueed
Mr, Mucdonuld, one of tbe things
which had shocked—he would not
say the mornl sentiment, but the sentiment of honesty, which was the
groundwork of the character of the
people—was this question of the Kaien
deal. He understood the press In Vancouver had limited itself to saying that
this was a good bargain for the province.
The Colonist bud gone further, and
said the name of a defenceless woman hud been introduced into the affair, and that this was most ungal-
laut, und thut tie uud his colleague.
Mr. Paterson, ought to be ashamed of
having dared to mention tbe name of
a woman tn this connection. He believed the duty of men investigating
a, matter in which the public interest
was at stake—when men were called
en to perform a duty In tbe Interests
of the public—they should perform it
irrespective or whether a woman In
the matter wus drugged into the In-
vestlgatlon or not. There was nn old
saying that "one should hew to the
line, let tbe chips fall where tbey
may." The chips might fall where
they might, but he thought the minority had hewn to the line, and the
province had appreciated the fact to
the full. They started out with the
determination that the labors of that
committee might be kept clean. They
resisted pressure lo cull tbe woman
whose name had heen mentioned, as
a witness. They felt tt was their
duty to get at the salient facts thnt
would connect the government with
something that had been done by the
chief commissioner und his colleagues,
iho premier included, detrimental to
tho intereslH of Ihis province, nnd the
only thanks they got for keeping out
ihe Immoral and objectionable element
was I his charge, because they had
dared to quote the evidence of tlte chief
commissioner himself In regard to the
connection this woinun had with the
affair.
The transaction wns not entered Into
In thc public interest. From the beginning of January. 1904, the matter
was kept secret between the governmenl und the people they were dealing with. The House was told that
this was a snored matter. "Individuals," as Mr. Bodwell said, "must not
get to know about this," because Individuals might get to know of it to
the great discomfiture of himself and
bis band of adventurers. It was
proven out of the mouth of Mr.
Green himself thai hi January, 11.04,
ihis multer, which wus a state secret,
und must not be whispered to the rep-
resentutives of the electors, who
wore then tn session, wus u mutter of
tilile-liiltle between the chief commissioner and tb'is womnn on the
streets nnd in her house. The committee found that there never was a
reserve on Kaien Island, Tbe government still contended that there
was: but Ihe committee had found,
and had given the *»vldence on which
tho finding was based, thai there l/u
no reserve, and that the pretence set
up by Mr. Green for refusing South
African volunteers and others was a
mere subterfuge to enable him to deal
with "this bund of adventurers, male
and female. Mr. Bodwell was th* solicitor of the band." He got no fees, he
said, and was out his disbursements.
This philanthropist, who was never
known to be guilty of philanthropy before, was in the position of acting
purely from the love of the province,
he supposed, and love of his clients.
It was necessary that two things
should be established—first, that there
was a reserve on Kaien Island—because Mr. Anderson said that was a
pretty hard proposition—und they
must next find some means by which
the Lleut.-Governor in council could
not make this grant, They avoided
the legislature, and they found section
3fl of the Land Act, which enabled tbe
Lieut.-Governor In council to make
free, or partially free grants for purposes of Immigration. The whole result of the evidence of Ihe attorney-
general was that his conception of the
lesponslbillly of n minister of the
crown was this: That he did not need
to care whether he went agnlnst the
law or not. so long us the purchaser
wns prepared to tiike a bad title, but
was prepared to advise the Lieut.-Gov-
ernor to go outside of his province and
do something which was contrary to
law.
It was now recognised that Lima
harbor wns the best harbor on tbe
west coast of British Columbia, and
the best available for transcontinental
lines like the Grand Trunk und the
Canadian   Northern,   It  was  a  valu
able asset to the province, and he argued that the government should havi
Informed itself of its value before making the bargain. Tbe government, hi
declared, had no verbal communication
with any official of tbe company up t<
the lime the order was passed, and thi
only written communication was a telegram from Mr. Hays to Mr. Bodwel!
asking Mr. Bodwell to look after thi
Interests of the eompany. If the government had made a good bargain
Messrs. Bodwell and Anderson had
made one five times better. The speaker also objected to tbe agreement because the government had not asked
the railway company to begin construction from this end.
Discussing the Columbia & Western
land grant, be argued that the railwa***
compuny had not fulfilled the terms
under which the grunt was obtained
from a previous administration by
building from Rossland to Penticton.
He also referred to another laud gratg
made to the British Columbia Southern
Hallway Company in 18&0 In which, be
claimed, the present administration
had made no attempt to make the railway eompany observe the conditions
on which the grant, was made.
After declaring that he was prepared
tt* fight with the enmity rather than
with the friendship of the Socialists,
the speaker closed with a reference to
bis three years' experience of politics
und his appreciation of meetings like
the one he was addressing.
On motion of F. C. Wade, K. C„ and
Capt. Hart McHarg. a vote of thanks
was tendered Mr. Macdonald and confidence expressed In him and In the
opposition party.
PRESS COMMENTS.
ON THE HORNS OF A DILEMMA.
DECEIVING THE CROWN.
(Victoria Dally Times.)
From day to day the government organ in Victoria continues its struggle
to extricate the advisers of the Lieutenant-Governor from the uncomfortable position tn which they have placed
themselves by inducing His Honor to
assent to a transaction teeming with
Injustice and illegality.
If there was no legal reserve on
Kaien Island, as the minority report
finds, a number of poor "individuals,"
as Mr, Bodwell contemptuously calls
them, have been unjuBtly deprived of
their rights.
If, on tbe other hand, there was legal
reserve on Kaien Island, tbe lands
could not be granted to the G. T. P. or
to anyone else until thn reserve was
duly cancelled in accordance with the
provisions of the Land Act.
The provisions of the Land Act are
perfectly clear and explicit on this
point.
Section 72 prescribes the method to
be followed by the Lieutenant-Governor In Council In placing a reserve
upon Crown lands, and the purposes
for which a reserve may be established.
Now if no provision existed for the
cancellation of reserves, it might welt
be argued that this power must reside
tn tbe same authority as that which
created tbe reserve, viz., the Lieutenant-Governor in Council without any
special restrictions as to time, or notice to the public. But such a power
might be greatly abused by the advisers of His Honor from time to time,
and accordingly the Legislature wisely provided the following limitation on
any such power:
Section 73: "The Lieutenant-Governor in Council shall have power to con-
cel reservations of land made for temporary purposes, but the Order In
Council providing for the cancellation
shall not take effect until notice thereof shall have been published for three
months In tho British Columbia Gazette, and In some newspaper circulating In the district In which the lands
proposed to be affected arc situate."
The reserve tn question was not cancelled, but tbe Lieutenant-Governor,
under the advice of his Ministers, assented to a grant of public lands in
flagrant disregard of tbe law.
We do not for a moment suggest tbat
His Honor did this knowingly, but his
advisers acted with full knowledge,
and upon them the blame must rest.
This phase of tbe Kaien Island controversy does not appear to have been
dealt with In either of the reports
made by the members of the select
committee, but It Is eassy to see what
answer would have been given by the
majority.
They doubtless would bave said, as
was said by the Chief Commissioner or
by Mr. Anderson in evidence, that the
government (on the advice and with
tbe consent of Mr. Bodwell) relied
upon section 39 of the Land Act.
That section Is as follows:
"3!>, It shall be lawful for the Lieutenant-Governor in Council to make
such special free or partially free
grants of the unoccupied and unappropriated Crown lands of the province for
the encouragement of Immigration or
other purposes of public advantage,
not being bonuses for the construction
of railways, with and under such provisions, restrictions and privileges as
to the Lieutenant-Governor In Council
may seem most advisable."
But tho transaction In question cannot be supported by this provision. It
was not a free or partially freo grant
at all. The price charged by the government to the G, T. P. was the same
amount that they charge every pre-
einptor tn tho province, Vis., a dollar
per acre for every acre conveyed. Nor
does It give the Lieutenant-Governor
In Council any right to deal with the
lands of the province which are under
reserve.
It thus appears that whether the
lands were legally under reserve or
not. the Lieutenant-Governor has been
misled: on the one supposition Into
denying the just rights of the original
locators, and, on the otber, into assenting to an illegal grant of the public
domain.
But the seriousness of the situation
does not end with any fate which may
overtake the government In this ill-
advised transaction. If our view be
correct, and If the Lieutenant-Governor set his hand to a grant of lands
which by law he could uot grant, the
grant 1b void, and the G. T. P. will be
unable to show a good title to auy Intending purchasers.
Nothing short of lengthy litigation.
ending only with a decision of the
Privy Council, will probably result
from the course adopted by all the par-
tics concerned in ibis nefarious deal,
and all because the Executive preferred to deal wltb a band of adventurers In secret, Instead of following plain
constitutional procedure.
(Victoria Daily Times.)
It will be remembered that Hon.
Charles Wilson, K. C„ In his evidence
before the Kaien Isla-nd investigation
committee, refused to affirm the legality of the act of his government in
conveying ten thousand acres of land
to a "band of adventurers." Mr. Wilson was pressed for a legal opinion, he
was reasoned with by the leader of the
opposH-on for upwards of half an hour
that as the legal adviser of the administration of which he was a member
he ought to express an opinion
rune way or the other. But the Ai-
tonj'ty*General was obdurate. He said
It was the business of the parties to
whom the lands would ultlmaely be
conveyed to asceraln whether the title
they received was good In law. If they
were satisfied it was not the business
of the government to create doubts tn
their minds. It was quite evident from
the tenor ef Mr, Wilson's evidence that
he did not approve of the manner in
which the transaction was cnrrled oui,
and it Is quite as evident from the evidence of other witnesses and from
what has subsequently transpired that
the Chief Commissioner of Lands and
Works was determined that the deal
should he consummated regardless of
the legal objections of the then Attorney-General. The situation, therefore,
respecting this extraordinary transaction is that the Lieut.-Governor was
misled by the adviser who had access
to his ear and that His Honor wns persuaded to endorse an order In council
which one of his ministers—the minister whose counsel should have carried special weigh In such a matter—
cendemned.
Again, the Attorney-General reslgn-
et? from the government because he
was inflexibly opposed to the grant of
eight hundred thousand acres of land
to the Columbia & Western Itallway-
Company. He handed his resignation
to the Premier before he left Victoria.
As the legal adviser of the Crown he
lf.lt that he could not endorse the proposal to bestow property worth millions of dollars upon a corporation
which had not legally earned It according to the terms of the Subsidy Act.
But It would have been embarrassing
to the government If the Premier had
followed the usual course—the only
constitutional course—and handed the
lur-lgnation of tbe Attorney-General to
the Lleut.-Governor as soon as it wns
received. If the House had been Informed—&S it ought to have been informed—Immediately of the disruption
of the ministry over tbe Columbia &
Western deal, the result might have*'
been doubly embarrassing to the government. And so the Premier deltb-
eratley viotated precedent und ignored
practice for the gratification of his lust'
of power. He deceived the Lleut.-Governor and he flouted the legislature.
the two estates of the realm which
should Immediately have been taken'
Into the confidence of the administration respecting the retirement of one
of the chief of the members of the
government. It will not be contended
that If His Honor the Lleut.-Governor
had known thnt hts Attorney-General
—the member of the government upon
whom be depended for legal advice-
hud declined to endorse the Kaien Island deal und bad resigned hts office
rather thun support the Columbia ft
Western land grant, that be, as tbe
tepresentatlve of thc Crown, would
bave given hla assent lo either of these
measures.
'The Lleut.-Governor was deceived by
his Prime Minister respecting two
transactions which have moved tbe
people of British Columbia to great Indignation—one for the benefit of a gang
of sharpers who either had the government In their power and could enforce their demands, or for a purpose
more nefarious still: the other for the
benefit of a powerful corporation whose
Influence It was considered necessary
t. secure against a generat election.
His Honor ought to be fully satisfied
Ir his mind by the accumulations of
scandalous revelations and by the de-
celt of which he bus been tbe victim
that his present advisers are no longer
worthy of his confidence.
Cranbrook Herald: Now that the
legislature has adjourned Jimmy Anderson will have 12 months to work up
another $40,000 commission with salary
and expenses for the good of the people of British Columbia. Jimmy la a
great public benefactor between Ihe
sltllngs of the lerlsluture. Buy Your Wife
Her Supply of
Groceries
At our store. It will save her a lot of inconvenience and hard work in
preparing your dinner, as we only handle the heat of everything.
Everything for the kitchen. We advertise "The Best"—and we've
got the goods. The main factor in keeping the stock always fresh is
our Low Prices.
com Jr.h,7o'f GENT'S FURNISHINGS AND BOOTS AND SHOES
It will pay you to inspect our goods in this department bofore
buying elsewhere. We can save you^noney, ami guarantee satisfaction.
J. H. HODSON & CO.
Phone 30 Opposite C.P.R. Station
PROVINCE HOTEL
BRIDGE STREET
EMIL LARSEN, PROP,
Entirely Refurnished and Renovated Throughout
Hot and Cold Baths
First-class board by day, week or" month. Special
rates to steady boarders. The finest furnished rooms
in the eity. American and European plans. No
Chinee cooking.
Finest Bar in City" in Connection
SEE DINSMORE
Before Ordering Your
SPRING SUIT
*We have all the latest styles and
can guarantee you satisfaction,
and our prices are right. Call
and inspect our goods.
W.  H. DINSMORE,
MBHCHANT TAILOR,
BRIDGE ST.       GRAND FORKS
Geo. Taylor
GENERAL CONTRACTOR
EXCAVATOR
ETC.
All Orders Given Prompt and Careful
Attention.
Geo. Taylot?
General Contractor.
M
SUNBEAMS
a young man's progress
[own the stream of life is impeded
by his getting stuck on a bar.
There are still a few cheery, well
furnished rooms, with heating stoves,
vacant at the Province hotel.
For sale, at a bargain, a second
hand Cwligraph typewriter. Call at
The Sun office.
CITY OF GRAND FORKS
LotB of people imagine they're not
talked about simply because they do
not hear it.
When a barber wants to flatter a
.   u   i   »j_j  -_ u.. •,„!.« Ll™ If  v.*  *!le Purpose oflienrlngull complutnts against
bald headed man he asks him if he the assessment for tho^eario*, as made by
A      „'i ™„„. „ *,»:.,...! the Assessor forthe City of Grniul Porka.lt.
doesn t want a haircut. c, win he held in the city urn™, Oram)
Porks, on Monday, June 18th, A.D l'.i'Hi, ut 2
o'clock p.m,
J. A. McCALLUM,
City Clerk.
NOTICE  18 HEREBY GIVEN that the an.
'*> nual sitting ot the Court of Revision fnr
Grand Forks, B.C.,
May 12th, 1906.
NOTICE
A man's head is like his pocket
bonk, as it's not the outside appear-
but what  it  contains   thai
counts. 	
Never  judge   what   n   man  has
spent by the load he is carrying, us gf^Vft*.
it miy have been "t eats " c™'"° lo*»**1
~ AK li NOTICE that t, John Robert Brown.
Annie Lee, Mineral Claim, situate In the
Grand    Forks  Mining   Division    of    Yale
In  South    Wellington
If ladies were satisfied with  na-
Agent  for  Edmund  t. Wick-Aire,  l-'ree
Miller's Certiorate No. 1121)71, Thomas 11. Ed-
,     ,        r      .1     .i „    ...„.,i.i    i.»  wards Pree Miner's Certiorate No. BUM. and
tures   handiwork   there    WOUld    lie  William   B. George Free Miner's Certllleate
. .  ti , .. ...      No. Htl.ri!IK, intend, sixty days from date here-
fewer   toilet   preparations   on   the „(, ,0 apply t„ the Mining Recorder for a
market.
There are two kinds ot girls—one
BICYCLES
A Complete Line of 1906 Models.
Second-hand wheels always on
hand,   and   will  bt;  suid cheap.
BICYCLE REPAIRING A SPECIALTY
GEO. GRAPPLE,    Opposite Postoflfce
SIGN   OF   THE   BEST
Certitirnte of Improvements, for the purposo
of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above
claim.
Anil further take notice that action, under
section H7, muat be commenced before the
leads a  man  heavenward and the Jj™*}!""' °* m'h c«*-"ll'''|'« ■>' improve-
other steers hiin up against a socia
fountain.        	
Many ladies cannot pass a uiilin-
ery store without looking in, and
many men cannot pass a saloon
without going in.
Dated this 5tti day of June, A. D. 1906.
J.R. BROWN.
NOTICE
It is nonsense to say a man is inclined to be bald.
Mountain Lion Mineral Claims, situate In
the Grnnd Fork Mining Division of Tate
District.
Where located:   Gloucester Cnmp.
TAKE  NOTICE that I, H. A   Sheads, (for
•*    myself and as agent for H. Watlin), Free
Miners Certificate No.B86280 ami Henry Watlin
Route of the faniuus and favorite
NORTH COAST LIMITED
2--DAILY TRAINS-2
-B*TW*E»-
Spokane, Butte, Helena, Fargo,  Minneapolis, Duluth and St. Paul.
—ALSO—
2-DAILY TRAINS-2
;e NO.H80280 ami Henry watlin   -,    . „.,,. -p. ,-.„   l„ Kt
Whon n man   ia   Free Miner's certificate No. B86168, Intend,  Spok»»e, Billings, Denver, Uttiaha, St.
vv lieu u man   10    , t    Hays from date hereof, to apply to the.      T---,.!, TCmutanitvftnd St Louis
Wnniino- hnlrl it ia nuite a-minst  hia  Mitiinir Recorder for a   Certificate  of Im* :      Joseph, Kansas Ulty ana SI. LOUIS.
becoming Daw it is quite against nis „rove*;1H11,Si tor th, ,mrvum „f obtaining a i
Crown Grant of the above claim.
inclination.
till COMMTAau: WAY.
S. f. & N. RY.
Dally
Leave
HAND FORKS!  Ml**
Arrife
flpoElW, Seattle, |
Everett, Belling-
ham, Vanoouver,    4.45 p.m.
Victoria and all
Coast points  I
Spokane, Fertile,
Win tiipeg.St Paul    4:45
nnd Minneapolis..
) p.m.
Northport,  Rons*
11:00a.m.   land,Nelson,Kaslo and Sandon....
4:45 p.m.
Republic, Curlew
4:55 p.m.   and Ferry (Mid-
WttJ^i
ftitt) p.m. I Pboenix, B.C. ... | lt):2» a.m.
Connnectlng at Spoltane with the famous
"ORIENTAL LIMITED"
2—Daily Overland Train.*—*%■
From Spokane for Winnipeg, St. Paul.
Miuneauolii, St. Lou In, -"luoago and all
points east.
For complete information, rates,
berth reservation*-, etc., cull on or ad*
dress,
--**-*«-*, .fi. SHKKDY, Agent,
Grand Forks.
S. G. YKRKEH, A. G.P.A.,
Seattle.
w
,-„Us->i.-.                                          .11
hen   ■ j
-ft*
You consider
HP
that  a  poorly
kV
printed job costs
yes]*
just as much as             |
\pf
one  that   pre
4r
sents a neat and
wi
tasty     appear
9)
ance, do you not
tjH|l
think that your
business   de-              i
mands t
he latter kind ?                  j|
40
flood Printing—the kind we dot—is in itself
an advertisement, and a trial order will convince
you that Our stock and workmanship' are of the                   1
hest.    Let us estimate on your order.    We guar-                  1
antee satisfaction.
If Nero had owned a phonograph
it would have saved him a lot of
fiddling while Rome wus burning.
And further take notioe that action, under
section 3T. must be commenced before the
Issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.
Dated this Huh day of May. A. D. num.
R. A. SHEADS.
NLLMAN, TOURIST SLEEPERS
and Pining Car Service on all Trains.
A young man should remember
that it's far easier to find a wife than
it is to lose her.
NOTICE
ClOttCINNECTlONS made at St Paul
and 8t. Louis in Union Depots for all
NOTICE Is hereby given that sixty days •_•». is... -_J S/vnth-East
after date I will apply to the Chief Com- point* i*st and BOUin J**as->.
missloner of Lands and Works for permls* >
sion to purchase tbe following land, situate ;
about eighteen miles Northerly from the
Citv of Grand Forks, la the Osoyoos Division
of Yale District: Commencing at a post plant- summer seasouo
ed at the Southeast corner i   "    ■     *'
Kiver chains South; thence l"i chains Hast to
the place of beginning and containing 1U0
acres, more or less.
Dated the 30th day of Hay, 1906.
AUGUST JOHNSON.
The Tonic of Health
Must be more than a stiumlent—
must be a food as well. There is ono
medicine that is both a food and a
tonic,—It aids digestion, promotes
assimilation, converts food into nutriment that builds up nerves, blood,
brain and bone. That tonic is Ferrozone which contains exactly what a
run-down system  needs.     Ferrozone
supplies   OXVKen to puHfy   the   blood, ^~dute~i»lllapply to the Chie'f   Cbmmls-
,        l "..„  l  .. l      *l„. I,...:..   *..,., sloner of Lands anil Works for i-ermisslon to
phosphorus to develop the brain, iron p„rohn8e the following land, sltunte about
rn liin./lim the nnwcli*.;      Nn wniiflei* it, thirty-four miles northerly from tbe City of
to narcien tne muscles.    i\o w onaei a GnH», Fork|( ln 0>oyoo> •**-,•.,■,■„„ of -yftte
makes such vigorous men and women. District: Commencing at a post planted at
ir     ,1,      ,i ,i »  I,   ,n,i t lu.a„. the northeast corner of the land applied fori
You 11 eat, sleep, think and feel bstter tho,lco m „*,,,,„„ we8t. thencB   w cn,ln,
1...    mint.    I'VviTi/niii*'    tfv    it now     soutli; theuce80clininseast: thence 40chains
bv   using   lerrozone,   liy   ii—now.   „„,.,., to ,„. p*nc(! of beirlmllDli anci co„_
tniniiig 320 acres, more or less.
Dated the 14th day of March, IMS.
H.P. WHITE, Locator.
l'er.M D.WHITE,Agent.
To enable parties who so desire to 'hit
frlendsaad relatives In the *$&*&&$£
-lug at a post plant-   summer ■f«°»,y,VvW',,d%l 3rd   AUGUST
r^w sr s^^7w«»jh;vass SH-sfiar-^-fflaBrpoints*"
Minneapolis, Oi-aha and Kansas Clt
lowest first class fare plus Ten Doll!
final return limit ninety slays from
NOTICE
\IOTICE is hereby given that sixty daysafter
™   date Iw "     "	
Fifty cents buys a box of fifty chocolate touted Ferrozone tablets, at all
dealers.
tie, out nos oeyonu wu.™ ...*"'«". t.nm
Extremely low rates are In effect 'rem
February 15th to April 1th and September
istiu October list, W Jrom. »n„*»te*»b'S
the East to points in this *«/rJrto",-,f' y™
E*? SorHk^^ctFIC have ... ~m*
nounced very low round-trlp rates Jroni
points luthe East to points in thl»„t'*rr V,'7„'
and tlcketswill he on /^ from Jiine l«t to
September 15th Inclusive, Bnal limit for return October Slst, 1W-8. s*4.«
For further Information address one of the
undersigned.
A. D. Charlton,    G.A. Mitchell ,
A G P A., Gen. Agt.,
"Po'rlland,4)re.    Spokaue, Wash.
W. H. UDE,
Traveling PM-^A^
B. LEQUIME. PRESIDENT
GEO. A. MACLEOD, TREASURER
umaam
gFRANKLIN TOWNSITE G0.1
a|*S LIMITED itij
CAPITALIZED $20,000.00       V&
LOTS NOW ON THE MARKET93
Call and make your selection. This is the best
real estate investment in the Boundary today.
Prices range from $60 to $135. Terms: One-
third down; balance $20 per month.
I KEEP YOUR EYE ON FRANKLIN §
For full particulars address
m
g A. Erskine Smith CS, Co. g
Grand Forks, B. C. BOUNDARY   ORE   SHIPMENTS
The following table gives the ore
1905, and for the past week:
Granby Mines, Phoenix	
Snowshoe, Phoenix	
Mother Lode, Deadwood	
Brooklyn-Stemwinder, Phoenix	
Rawhide, Phoenix	
Sunset, Deadwood 	
Mountain Rose, Summit	
Athelstan-Jackpot, Wellington	
Brooklyn-Stemwinder dump, Phoenix.
Morrison, Deadwood	
B. C. Mine, Summit	
R. Bell, Summit	
Emma, Summit	
Oro Denoro, Summit Camp	
Senator, Summit Camp	
Brey Fogle, SummitCamp	
No. 37, SummitCamp 	
Reliance, Summit	
Sulphur King, Summit	
Winnipeg, Wellington	
GoldenCrown, Wellington	
King Solomon W. Copper	
No. 7 Mine, Central	
City of Paris, Central	
Jewel, Long Lake	
Canni, West Fork	
Providence, Greenwood	
Elkhorn, Greenwood	
Skylark, Skylark Camp	
Last Chance, Skylark Camp	
E. P. U. Mine, Skylark Camp	
Ruby, Boundary Falls	
Miscellaneous 	
shipments of Boundary mines for   1900, 1901,
1901. 1902.
231,762    309,8*58
1,721      20,800
99,034
150
141,326
7,455
1903
393,181
74,212
138,079
550
150
150
47,405
15,731
5,646
650
14,811
560
8,530
3,339
19,365
1904
519,703
174,298'.
25,050
3,070
3,2,M)
1,759
4,586
5,000
1905
653,889
174,560
55731
25,108
3,056
4,747
1,720
22,937
15,537
363
37,960
16,400
3,450
2ii2
364
33
9,484
8,007
1.833
1,040
875
665
'350
890
80
3,456
785
625
"482
2.176
2,435
219
33
150
993
400
Total, tons  390,000
Granby Smeltertreated  230,828
B. C. Copper Co.'s Smelter treated  117,611
Montreal & Boston Co.'s Smeltertreated 	
325
507,545
312,340
148,600
167
500
684,961
401,921
162,913
123,570
726
325
52
50
300
'750
827,348
596,252
209,637
30,930
30
770
105
535
689
255
73
500
3, 1903,
1904-
1906 Past Wk
373,848
18,239
72,325
2,272
65,671
2,145
6,813
627
26,678
825
927
33
6,955
33
G,404
470
15
263
40
"25
933,516
687,988
194,056
84,059
555,315 24,339
390,055 17,725
82,729    1,338
95,117    3,630
60   YUM'
EXPERIENCE
 Mams
Designs
Copyrights Ac.
Anyone sending a sketch and description may
anloilT ascertain oar opinion free whether an
•"•aMoR-i^Sr.?!** P»-e„^S'*k„-?»"'!ffi*l'*
icy forsecunnjjr
tions strictly oonBdeii(„dl. H
ientfrea. Oldest —— '*■-*
te. Connaolea*
-.—_.-  jBOMOTPtfimti
„,„,,...,.. - mstmey tor necnriptptUntM.
Pitenti taken tfiroURh Munn <fc Co. receive
special notice, without chariro, In tbe
Scientific American.
A handsomely lllastrateil weeHlr* J*"""*.-"*-"*
onlatloa of onr selantlno lonrnat Terms. 18 a
rear; four months, $1. Sold Drall newsdealers.
Branch Once. 06 T St. Waiblniton. D. V.
Our job department is superior to
any other in the Boundary country.
We have both the material and the
experience to turn out high class work.
Bicycles and Repair Work—A
complete line of 1906 models. A few
second-hand wheels cheap. Wheels
to rent. Geo. Chapple, opposite
Postoffice, First street.
Getyour wedding invitations printed
at The Sun office. We have the closest
script type imitation of a steel engraving made.
repaimg,
All work
If your watch
take it to White Breos.
guaranteed.
Read The Sun—The only twice-a-
week paper in the Boundary. $1.00
per year.
TOPICS OF THE TOWN
Razor honing a  specialty   at   the
Palace Barbor Shop, Victoria hotel.
Columbian
College
FOUNDED 1892
INCORPORATED 1893
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
Provides a Home for Students of
both sexes at reasonable rates. Has u
Preparatory Class for Junior Students doingPublic School work. Is doing High School work, confers all
High School privileges, and prepares
for Teachers' Examinations. Teaches
all branches of a thorough Practical
Business Course, and grants Diplomas.
Gives a Liberal Education in its own
Collegiate Course, and in the Lad es'
College Course for the degrees •' of
M. E,L. and M.L.A. In University
work, the Arts Course can now be
taken in Columbian College, and the
B.A. degree obtained from Toronto
University, with which the College
i.s in full affiliation. In Theology
prepares for the degree of S.T.L. and
B.D.
For fuller information, and terms,
write,
Rev. W. J. Sipprell, B.A., B.D.,
or Re v. J. Bowell, Bursar.
The Lion Bottling Works are selling Gouderhain k Wort's Rye Whiskey, the best rye whiskey in Canada,
for 83.00 per gallon.
You're next at the Palace Barber
Shop, Victoria hotel.
It takes modern material to do up-
to-date work. The Sun job department is kept strictly up-to-date.
For a nice hair cut or shave go to
the City Barber Shop on Bridge street.
Baths 50c, three for 81.00.
When Seven Men Die
You know at least one of them, had
consumption. At first it was only
catarrh—but it was neglected. When
"Catarrhozone'' cures so quickly it's
foolish to sufferit's a shame to keep on
sniveling and hawking. Catarrozone
goes direct to the cnuse of the disease,
—that's who it's so dead certain to
cured, It stops the cough, prevents
the disgusting discharge,ciears p dig n
out of the throat in five minutes
Very pleasant and safe, too; get Ca
tarrohzone from yous druggist today.
P. T. McCallum
LEADS THE VAN IN THE
c4ccident and Insurance Business
The reasons are easily explained.
First—He is agent for the
Canadian Casualty and Boiler
Insurance Company
and they issue THE BEST POLICIES IN THE WORLD.
Second—A policy with his coinpany means a promise to pay, and Pote PAYS ALL CLAIMS
PROMPTLY.
Third—Pete is an old-timer, and everybody knows him and can rely on what he says.
Call at his office, JOHNSON BLOCK, FIRST STREET, and consult him. He will be
pleased to give you any information regarding his company, and delights to explain the special
features of
l$e Climax Policy"
Pacific
Hotel
OFF. C.F.R. STATION
Flrst-Class ta E«ry Rtspect.
Sample Rooms for Commercial
Travelers.
Hot and Cold Baths.
BAR DJ CONNECTION:
Finest Brands of Wines.
liquors and Cigars.
CHAS. PETERSON, Prop.
CALL AT  MASSIE'S
aud look over his stock. It is not necessary tu
leave an order. No one will iwk vou to do si^ but
the goods will exert a very strong pressure. Thisis
a very well selected stock of very handsome goods
of seasonable weights and stylish designs. Under
the skilful hands of our
Expert Tailors
these goods are made up into perfect, dressy and       '
high-class suits.
Geo. E. Massie
MERCHANT   TAILOR
Grnnd  Forks, B. C.
Finest Furniture
J. W. JONES
A large consignment
of Lounges, Dining-room
Chairs, Tables nnd Sofas just
nrrJvf.il, Cull nnd iri«peot
them. Also a stock of B'lin
cts, Quilts. IMIIcvs, etc., to
unsold at grently reduced
prices. See our display of
Pictures.
RIVERSIDE AVENUE
GRAND   FORKS, B. C.
White Bros.
Jewelers and
Opticians
First Street
Careful attention
given to
Watch Repairing.
Engraving a Specialty.
Grand Forks, B. C.
^-Dcr1*-
*•***$!
We SIMPLEX
Loose Leaf Systems
*l;Tbere are very few business houses today which do
not use some form of Loose Lent' System in one or more
departments, as it is legarded ns an absolute necessity
by progressive business tinns.
% The advantages of the Ixsise Lciif System ai-e now
well known, and permit of adaptability to meet to best
advantage changing conditions It permits the greatest
amount of information to be kept ir condensed iorin, in
the least time, and the most accourate manner.
^Accounts and eeords of nil kinds cun be kept by this
system in any business, large or small, with e(|ual advantage. <
""(Investigate the Simplex Loose Leaf Symtem. It is
the cheapest and best.
We EVENING SUN It
Advertising Is a Business Stimulant

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