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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Sep 2, 1927

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 No matter what we say, most of us love summer best. The popularity of British Columbia proves it
THB -Bcu-ly prospects for a heavy
commercial apple crop has been
materially reduced ln the eastern fruit provlnc es owing to continued unfavorable weather condition* which have cauaed the rapid
development of scab Usui Insect in-
jut-lip. On the other hand, conditions have been m|ore favorable in
British Columbia since July 16th,
when the weather turned-warm, and
having* suffiwlept ii-ri-gation water
the early estimate ls expected to be
maintained. Although the crop ln
Nova Sotia, Quetbt-c and Ontario hah
ibeen reduced, lt still shows an* increase over last yer(r, whUq British
Columhia Is about 10 per cent less
than the heavy crop of 1426. Present
prosptlcts indicate a commercial crop
of 100.B per cent, or 1,999,000 barrels,
compared with 2,984,230 barrels in
1906, and 90 per cent of rj five-year
average of 3,327,600 barrejB.
The following Is a nummary of the
" Tell me whit yen Know Is tins'
I eto teeee e* mil w yea."
nagan district, the crop being estimated at 2,679,607 boxes compared
-with 3,669,295 boxes in 1926. Indications are for a good percentage of
meflium to lf|rge sires.
The leading varieties indicate the
following yields In boxes. (Figures
In brackets are 1926 estimates):
Duchess, 46,000 (41,301); Wealthy,
220,000 (267,656); M-tfntosh, 700,000
(1,056,979); Delicious, 140,000 (183,-
169);Newtown, 198,000 (209,220);
Winesap, 32,000 (62,023); Homo, Beau
ty, 84,000 (84,666).
The following table shows the es-
timi|ted crop by distrtcts as compared with 1926:
Apples, Boxes.
District. 1926 Crop. 1927 Crop
Lytljon-Pritchard   ...    28,629       25,100
Chaae-Salmon   Arm 204,808     144,675
commercial apple crop prospects by \ Arnfttrong Bndiirby   26,112      28,600
provinces on August 1, as compared Vernon   ....:  717,165    520,000
with last year and the flveryee|r aver-' Oyanva .._  126,614    100,000
ag8. | Okanagan      Centre
Land of The Seven Castles
Per Cent
British   Columbia  -   80
Ontario ....      108
Quebec  ,- 1°*
Nejw Brunswick   U><>
Nova Scotia —
6-Yr. Av.
Hot, dry wenther hah prevailed
throughout the province since July
16th, which has had the tendency to
bring along all cdops in good shape
after the long wet, cool spring, The
Irrigated districts report plenty of
water available, for requirements.
The scbiwnittee of direction appointed by the provincial government to
regultjte distribution is functioning
admlralbly, and so far have, well demonstrated what can be done to stabilise market prices •tttstt such crops ah
celery, cukes and cota. it the board
(•actives the ocntinued cooperation
of -tha producers and shippers there
ta ao uoubt that the experiment will
prove a succosa.
Ppples.—'Front present indications
thero ia no reason to change early estimate of 3,149,600 boxejs, which Is 80
per cent of 1986, when 3,987,000 boxee
were slipped. The crop is about
1006 cars short of last year, as 4200
cefs are expected as compared with
5200 shipped during 1926. Kelowna
and Vernon districts have a good
crop of Molntosh and all districts
fairly good yields of Jonathans.
Vancouver Island reports an increased crop with 46.000 boxes ah
compare)* with 32,640 in 1926. Ix>wer
mainland is K-Jht, being estimated at
10,600 boxes, while laat year's crop
amounts d to   17,600  boxes.   Yellow
and Winfleld ...... 211,724
Summerland ....
......    84,691
411-sl-ft*, 329,620
,65,9:47    . 60,524
2,956       10,076
93,350      39,903
UMANIA always was a land of
contrast, geographically, socially, and historically, but since
the great accreations to her territory
that have come about as t result of
the World w^r, the! contradictory elements within her borders are even
more striking.
. (She contains an epitome of the hm-
tory of Europe from Roman times to
the present, and people and places
illustrative, of each stage are found
side toy side within her confines.
One may see in the same dary a
shepherd in a long fleiece cape, moving across the plains toward the
mountains like a quaint hurvlval of
an ancient civiliza|tlon; a fiery nomadic gypsy galloping along a dusty
road, with long hair streaming; a
peasant like a soldier from Trajan's
column at Roma; with white, embroidered blouse and thong-bound
legs, scratching the soil with a primitive plow; a nobleman in his castle
gazing down into a medieval Salxon
village; and an oil magnate Bettering
his wealth amid Bucharest']! Imitative charms.
Msfny of these contrasts were inherent within the -pro-war boundaries
and all of them in much enlarged
post-war Rumania, due to the addition of Transylvania to the kingdom.
This is because Tr-qnsylvania.known
in Rumanian as Ardaal (Forest Land)
in (Hungarian as Erdeley, and ln Oerman as Slebenbeurgen, has been the
frontier of the West against the East
for centuries.
(Its lnhabtanta hav**-, furthermore,
Totals   3,669,295  2,679,507
Pears.—The   bulk of the commer-1 successfully maintained that
eial pear crop is grown in the) Okan- againat the Turks since 1700, and this
ince becpfme a part of Rumania.
The best way to obtain the full flavor of Translyvanla ls to approach
It from the east via the roujd trom
Bucharest to Sinala, across the baking, dusty plain, through the region
heavy with the odor'of petroleum.up
the slopes of the Carpathians where
mountain streams have gashed rough
earth wounds ln the hillside, past artificial-looking folklore castles, to the
ancient frontier of Translyvanla, the
top of the pass of Prqdeal.
Before one comes in sight of Bra-
sov one is fdready aware of what the
mountain barrier has meant and what
it has protected for sa many centuries. In about half an hour from
Predeal the mountains give gave to
the fertile plain known as tho Bur-
zenland, which surrounds Brasov.
This town of some 60,000 inhabitants has been suggested as a capital
for the new r|nd greater Rumanla,and
it has much to recommend it, being
almost in the center of the country,
eaBily defended, having the charm ot
age and tradition and the room for
expansion in the surrounding plain.
The present-day citizen of Brasov
look not unlike German university
students; no trace of centuries of
battles with the heathen gleams in
their .spectacled eyes, and no fron-
tiermen'a freedom of motion 'betrays
itself through  their stiff-cut clothes.
hTe Black church, which dominates
the town, derives its name from the
fact that it was burned in 1689 and
never .properly scoured since. The
result ls botb dour and Impressive.
II is a good example| of fifteenth-century Gothic, without any tower.
-With Brasov as a center, one may
ICTORIA. — Provincial govern
ment grants te municipalities
for they last ten years reached
enormous sum of 128,942,721 last
week when the finance department
distributed 1534,506 to municipal authorities as their share) of liquor
profits - for the six months ending
March 31st last.
This ls by far the largest distribution ever made by the government
since government liquor c ntrolwas
inaugurated. In the six months ending September 31, 1926, $496,302 was
divided and in the previous six
months the municipejl allocation was
Total liquor profits for the six
months ending March 31 last amounted to $1,913,872, which was divided
last week as follows:
-Grants to municipalities, $534,506;
hospitals, $229,074; mothers' pensions and reserve fund, $386,712; c n-
solidated revenue fund, $785,580.
Profits of the previous six months
were $1,664,000.
In 1820 ibejfore the present policy of
municipal grajnts went into effect the
gross debenture debt of the municipalities was $103,186,000. In 1826,
despite heavy capital Investments to
keep up with the increase of population, thei gross debt waa $102,853,227.
In 1820 munlcipalltieshad outatand
agan valley, and it ls estimated; to be
75 per cent or 108,744 boxes as compared with 144,993 boxes shipped in
1926. Kelowna, Summerland and
Penticton are the heaviest producing
districts in the valley a(nd have a com
blned estimated crop of 75,600 boxes.
Bartlett, Clapp's Favorite and Anjous
are the leading varieties, while the
first named shows the heaviest crop.
Cantaloupes.—Oliver district is the
heaviest producing section of this
crop. The acreage is less than first
estimated and is placed at 186 acrea.
With continued favorable growing
conditions the indications are for
shipments amounting to approximately 40 cars. Carload shipments
are ctxpected about the 18th of August, which is 18 days later than laat
year. i
Tomatoes.—This crop is generally
Transparent*, Qravenst£)lns and Bald- heavy throughout the Okanagan val-
win are leading varieties.   Kootenay ley and is of excellept quality. Seml-
and Boundary Indicates 226,000 boxes ripes are moving out freely in maxed
compared with 262,944 Ust year.
Fruit is sUing rapidly In the Oka-
cars.   Hie  acreage
2639 acres.
is  estimated  clt
ww-jx .ONTRBAL, Aug. 30.—Ac
rn Jy\ tion was taken at the open
\*y FXlnf session of the second
triennial Empire Mining e(nd Metallurgical congress leading to the Institution of a review of the mineral resources and industries of the British
en-Wire. It waa regarded as a move
of vast and far-rea|chlng possibilities,
commencing, aa it was, an tffort
which, if eventually prosecuted, will
achieve comprehensive tabulation of
tha empire's mineral and industrial
resouces thait will aid to the formula*
. tion of economic possibilities in the
The proposal is that in each of the
domiisiona, and, if possible, In eacb
of the larger colonies, coufmlttees of
specialists should ibe appointed and
entrusted with the duty of reviewing
for each unit of the empire concerned
its mineral resoudces and smelting
capabilities, having ln mind the de-
alnhtyity of accumulating, in addition to the ordinary official statistics
of -production and movement, the essential data necessary for the formulation ot an economic policy.
Last year the total mineral production of ttae world amounted to nearly
2,000,000,565 tons, and- of that total
the British empire produced about
Referring to Oanada/s minerals,
Sir Robert Home pointed ut that
alth ugh the Canadian p pulati n
represented only one-half ot one per
cent of the population of the world,
Canadawr.*- now ln third place among
the countries of the w rid ln the production ot g Id, and she was likely
l n to be In the second. Ninety per
oent of the world's nickel comes from
Canada and 80 per cent of the asbestos. Canada wajs on the threshold
of other mineral disc varies, he said,
with such a vast area unprotected fl
PiBNTICTON, Sept 1.—Penticton
and Kereme a hunters who mistake elk for deerwhen the season
opens t day, afre liable to the stiff
penalty of $500 should they Mil any
of the latter animals.Provinclal Game
Warden Robertson Informs the Herald. The elk were recently placed
by the pr vlnclal government on ,the
east hills in order to multiply f r ap
open season later on, end the extent t which they are conserved will
determine just how soon this will be.
It Is believed that the elk have spread
over the hills considerably.
The game warden solicits the cooperation f sp rtsmen ln reporting
any violations of the law ln this connection by rep rting same to the provincial police.
iHunters are also reminded that
there is no shooting of will wgr use
in the district this season. All trappers Intending to trap Dine must report to the provincial police offices
for licenses.
history - of bordelr wardenship has
given the region its racial complexfc
ty.e-nd architectulal charms.
The towns of the castles were
satletf by -Germans from Franconla
who were locally called Saxons and
who, ln all the years of their separation from Germany, halve maintained
a closq connection with tbeir mother
country, ita culture and institutions,
the wbile efficiently keeping the Carpathian frontier.
They had likewise the cooperation
of the Saeklers, close kinsmen of
Magyarh, who for their delight in
combat have foeejn settled along the
northern portion of the mountain
wall. Back of theBe warders the mass
of Magyar farmers and Rumania laborers, foresters, and shepherds-tilled
the fertile valleys between the rolling foothills tha)t gradually ebb from
tha Carpathians toward the Hungarian plain.
It is this mountain wall that accounts for thti history of Tr ansyl-
vanlal—a jagged, glonouB barrier that
dominates the landscape.
The Saxon woman pausing ln the
field to adjust her straw sailor hat
atop her tightly bound kerchief;
gazels aft the rugged heights as lt at
the iborder of the unknown. The Rumanian cowherd, driving his sleek
cattle along the Olt, knows that beyond those heights thei brother s of
his race now rule; and tbe Magyar
farmer looks upon them and wishes
they bad been higher amd untravers-
Yet, had the mountains been im
penetrable, Transylvania would have
been neither so picturesque nor so
rich, Fear of the Turks accounts for
the walldd towns, fortified churches,
and grea|t castles. Trade with the
Bast accounts for the prosperity of
the guilds in Brosav and other towns,
as well ss the beauty of such structures as the Black church, with Its
priceless collection of prayer rugs.
Translyvanla), on account of its geographic situation, Uke a natural fortress on the (borders of Europe, has
been selm-Mndependent from early
timeB, and was recognized among the
titles of the king ot Hungary ak a
grand principality. Howeved, admin
istratlvely, it had beeta since 1868 an
integral part of Hungary.
In this status the country remained
until 1918, though not without certain
uprisings elmong the Rumanian pop
ulation which was denied many of the
political rights enjoyed by the other
three nationalities. As a result of
the peace treaties following the
World war, and on the basis of the
fact tho|t a farger portion of the in-
habitnats of this region were Rumanian in race and language, the prov
explore the Saxon and   S-^ler. .^te-^ „r-— of-jj^g.ooo, and last
gions «ft (he base of the mountains. '
Southward lies the Saxon town of
Rasnov (Rosenau), over which towers   the   massive ruins of the Burg-
berg, now owned by the former crown
prince, Carol of Rumania.
There is no approach by road to
this giant fortress, but a shsjrp climb
bningh one to what was a little city
inclosed within the great walls ofthe
castle, whose massive keep still donii
nates the plain. This once populous
village ls now inhabited by ■;( single
farmer and bis wife, who occupy the
fortress where once a hundred Teutonic knights kept the borde-r of
Beyond Rasnov the road continues
into a narrowing valley toward tbe
pass ajt Bran. Just where) the mountain -walls almost meet a little
knoll with the river and road curving
sharply at its base is topped by the
castle of Bran, a gift to the queen of
Rumajn-La by the city corporation of
Brasov. This, perhaps tbe most perfect fairy-story castle in tbe region,
hangs above the, little Rumanian village, intimate yet aloof.
year only $3,936,914.
Municipal sinking fund sh rtages
amounted to $5,691,000 Hn 1920 and
only $1,904,760 last year.
Poll tax receipts increased from
$112,127 in 1920 to $211,275 last year.
'Municipalities decreased their
levies on land from $15,467,662 ln
1920 to $14,698,318 last year. This
was made possible by the government's policy which gave the municipalities new revenues and made them
less depedent on land for revenue.
Total municipal revenue receipts
for 1926 toUjlled $24,413,962, including government grants.
.Following are s me of the distributions of liquor profits for tbe period
ending March 31, 1927:
QRAND   FORKS    $2,631.94
Alberni „      852.60
Armstrong ._     l,37h.05
City of Chilliwack    2,285.27
Courtenay ._
Cranbrook ...
Greenwood .
 _...   6,617.74
_ 550.87
PENTICTON, Sept.  1.—Fruit   Is
moving very fast into the local
packing houses u,nd wtith the demand for all varieties continuing excellent,   prospects   for a   successful
season remain very good.
At the Cooperative two graders are
now workink steadily and with the arrival °f the Molntosh Red crop anticipated after September 5, both
packing houses will be working up to
full -capacity with full staffs.
At present Bartlett pears are being
packed in great numbers, with Flemish Beauty starting. Crrjwford and St.
John peaches are moving steadily,
with Elbehtas expected next week.
Bradshaw and Greengage plums are
starting. Transcendent crcjba-pples
are about over, with Hyslops commencing to come in.
Wealthy apples are coming in very
heavily, with Gravensteins and Jeffries, while some Kings are being
moved as cookers. A car of Cox Or-
cfige apples ds being made ready for
the export market to be shipped within the next few days.
On account of the very satisfactory
arrival of orders, thc packing houBe
is being kept pretty well cleaned out- Richmond —
Kamloops     *,31..tj0
Kelowna     4,496.42
Kaslo      876.61
Ladysmith  :    2,800.89
Merritt    2,116.15
Nanaim        8,b45.22
Nelson   __    7,800.31
City ot New Westminster.... 20,752.44
Port Alberni      ,1,956.00
Duncan    1,657.05
Port Coqultlam      1,788.63
City of Port Moody • 1,300.50
(Prince Georgfl     2,641,21
Prince  Rupert   ...„    5,987.74
Rossland    .-    3,533.06
Revelstoke  _    4,912.68
Saalmon  Arm   .6    1,178.6
Slocan  „„       363.82
Trail        7,606.72
Vancouver   142,809.18
North  Vancouver    11,629.58
Vernon      5,657.82
Victoria    „  37,990.85
Burnaby    26,624.75
Township ot Chllliwiick. 6,682.11
Coldstream        559.04
Coqultlam  District     1,426.9?
North Cowichan District    2,434.61
Deflta      3,750.02
Esquimalt      3,423.37
Kent    1,256.56
Langley    6,147.96
Maple Ridge     6,529.36
Matsqui        4,356.25
Mission  _    2,298.33
Oak   Bay      6,512.27
Peachland         477.48
Penticton      5,319.91
Pitt   Men-dows          737.28
Point   Grey    _  36,472.67
VERNON, August 31.—Tbe chief
feature of the fruit movement during the past week has been the
conclusion of the Duchess and the
opening of the Wealthy deals. Movement of Wealthy apples wajs approved by the committee for 20th
August at prices of $1.36 for crates
and $1.66 wrapped. The dates coincided approxlmatlely wtith, those of
the maturity of the apple ln various
districts, as sc(t by the fruit Inspectors. Pentlc ton afnd Summerland
were reported ready by the 16th;
Kelowna by the 22nd, and the north-
ijrn part ot the valley by the 29th.
The date was hastened somewhat
by the rapid clean-up of the Duchess
apples, due partly to the) crop being
ra-ther less than the estimate. Up to
the 22nd August 33,000 boxes or
crates of Duchess were shipped, all
of which had been invoiced at the
committee's prices of $1.25 and $1.65.
The visible quantity then unsold was
possibly about a carload. This does
not include the Kootenay or Grand
Porks districts, where several carloads have yejt to be shipped. These
districts* are somewhat later ln their
maturity than the Okanagan.
Hold Back Macs
The committee has announced that
no Mcntosh Red applets shall be
shipped until it gives permission.
That will be based largely on the reports of the fruit Inspectors as to
maturity and also to some extent
upon the progress made dn disposal
of the Wealthy crop. It would therefore be unwise for too ea*rly picking
to commence in anticipation of the
committee's permission to ship being ogtained. The Mcintosh ls an
apple with excellent keeping qualities and tbe best results from sales
are likely to be .obtained by an avoidance of pe-nic ln distribution.
In order to make cejrtain of complete absorption of the Wealthy crop
the committee has Issued an order
that 80 per cent only ahall go on. the
Canaditap market This leave* 20
per cent which shippers will have to
figure upon disposing of ln markets
other than Canadian, jit should be
clearly understood that thq object of
this order is that all shall talks their
share of marketing elsewhere and
that lt shall not be left to a few only
to take this responsibility for the
benefit of 'the remainder.
Seml-RIpe Tomatoes
A grqat dee|l of trouble and loss
has recently been caused throug shipments arriving at destnatlons overripe. Claims are freque-nt. The committee is ruling that all the latter
must be approved by Ht before they
are allowed. Government inspection
certificates will be; required, whenever possible, before clalma will be
One case has been noted where a
shipper loaded and forwarded a car
with fruit and vegetables already too
ripe, according to report of the loading inspek-tor. This could result ln
nothing but a heavy claim from the
ipurchaser—which unfortunately will
probably have to be allowed.
The committee regards Wis) interests of the producer prinu*rily, but
it ls powerless to help wbere growers
or shippers will not protect themselves by a little timely criticism of
thqlr own product or pack.
Shipping Contrary to Orders of the
The committee bas dealt with
some cases recently wbero shippers
have—Intentionally or unintentionally—evaded its rulings. One shipper had his license cancelled. Others
are under surveillance! and are being
permitted to continue business subject to satisfying the committee that
th(|ir business is bona fide. IU policy
heretofore has been to mall all regulation!* to licensebolders as made,
andd expeict compliance therewith.
It now wishes to make it clear that
it Is taking steps to see that they are
carefully observed by all. Any shipper evading them renders himself
lirlble to the penalties provided in tha
Marketing act.
Salmon Arm District 	
District North  Vancouver...
District  South  Vancouvnp
District  West  Vancouver...
Tadanac  -	
i   243.56
Village  of   MlBslon	
.    1,485.60
.    1,269.85
3th? dranf. Jfarka §mt
One Year (in Canada and Qreat Britain) 81.00
One Year (in the United States)    1.50
P^Addresr -" —Nations to
•Thr Grand Porki Sun
Phosb 101 Graud Forks, B C
Notes • Notions • Notables
THE only statement as lo the effect of education upon
success lhat we find is the- rather vague one thajt the
child witli no schooling has one chance ln 150,000 of per-
f rming distinguished service; with elementary education he has four times the chance; with high school education hu has 87 limes the hancec; with college edcation
be brnft 800 times the chance.
STERLING silver Is silver of a guarcfiteed purily.which
ls 925 parts pure silver in 1000 parts of the metal; the
remainder is copper. The federal Hallmark act of 1906
relating to gold and silver in interstate- quel foreign commerce, forbids the marking or labeling of silver as ' sterling" unless it is within four-thousandths of this standard.
Article,!) marked "coin silver" should contain 900 parts of
pure silver in 1000 parts of the meti*|l.
that   is
divine   because   it is beneficent; but much because it is
etcp-nal.—Jeremy Taylor.
TRAILS worn deep in the granite of Sawtooth mountain, towering 12,500 feejt above sea level, tell the story
today of hunting parties of primitive man, says the Rocky
Mountain News. iHow many years these trajils were) in
making even scientists have faileld to fix. From earliest
times these Colorado mountains, now in the Cochetopa
national forest, were the hunting place of ma|n. Antelopes, deer, buffaloes and elks existed ln aimoat countless
numbers, while) the stream abounded with fish. Ages before the first white man, a Spaniard, in 1600, entered these
wilds man hajfl hunted, and in the. days of this adventurous Spaniard up to very recent years Indians swarmed
through this wonderful hunting ground. Trails across
the mountains made by tmoccasined feet still may be seen,
And tbose worn Into the solid graj-iite of Sawtooth are
mute evidence of thq great lapse of time since tbe flrst
man broke tbe way through the' forest To the student
vacationist thes**j trails have proved of vast interest, as
they have to scientists. They are visible proof that man
lived in Colorado in tbe dim past—how far back the anthropologist has not given even a guess.
Tfie Spice of Life
Herbert was confiding his troubles
to a friend.
"Yes, sbe.refused nf«|," he ssfld.with
-a curious smile, "but she did it in a
most encouraging way."
"IHow was that?" asked his friend.'
"It doesn't seem to worry you much.".
"As I went away she pointed to my
footprints on the linoleum In the hall
and __safd: "Next time you come to
propose to me I hope you'll remember
Lo wipn your boots on the mat."
ALTHOUGH the story is generally believed, the ooe'
pass did not fall Columbus on his first journey. The
actions of the compels were not clearly understood at
that time. In all seas known at that time thq needle
pointed not quite north, but a little west of north, -and
it was known that by going west the compass needle
would point more nearly to "the north. No one had heard
of a place where it pointed exactly north or even somewhat east of north.
AVERY unpopular Hollywood actor bafl a very narrow
escape from death while on location recently, but
was saved by one of the company's property men. For
once the chap was appreciative of service and told the
man he wanted to do something to show his gratitude.
'Props" thought it over for a moment and then said:
"I don't want to offend you, but the greatest favor you
can do me is not to let the rest of the troupe know that
I saved your life." . ,u
AN oculist maintained before a London audience there
much more thc-n mere symbolism in the) halo, the
ring depicted about the heads of the saints. JEach one of
us, he said, has aura about him, and there; are those to
whom theseauras a/re visible. And the Observer reminds
us that tin a certain famous cathedral town the. parlor
maid at the deanery had this gift She used to shudder,
Eis she told Miss Dean, when she opejned the door to one
of the canons, a well-known figure of twenty years ago.
Hia aura, as she saw it, was of dirty purplish color,
splotched with patchejs of bilious yellowlt is curious to
note that one of tbe greatest (blackguards that ever lived,
Benvenuto Cellini, claimed the possession of a halo, "a
resplendent light above his head," which appeared at
dawn afnd sunset and showed best when the grass was
wet with dew. Benvenuto considered 'that thia halo was
a signal mark of the divine approval of his virtuous life,
but in this hey must have been mistaken, if he had a halo
at all it must have been worse than the canon's—a sort
of post-impressionist halo.
Conversion of children overheard
passing a garden this morning on
heir way to school (one hopes to an
■"nglish lesson).
Little Girl—Look at them big sun-
lowers, i
Little Boy—I've seen them. You
should see them on the allotments.
Them's nothing to them.
THE hlack stone of Mecca ls a dark-colored stone about
nine inches long, apparently a meteorite, built into the
southeast corner of the temple of the Caab-i at Mecca.
The Mohammedans claim that it was given to Abraham
by angel. Pilgrims to Mecca walk arund the temple seven
times, then kiss the black stone]. The Caaba was the temple of Mecca for ages before the time of Mohammed, and
attracted pagan pilgrims in those days just as now it
drt|w sthousands of Moslems. It ls a legend that the black
stone was at one time white, but turned black owing to
the sins of men.
A OOURSE in clog dancing has been added to the curriculum of the University of California, and 120 students enrolled. Miss Louise Cobb, who has charge, said
that "clogging is oue| of the oldest forms of marking time
to music. Li-iin peasants and the Scandinavians used
It in their oldest folk dances. Clogging is not only fascinating, but it has its own peculiar value, for one both exercises and relaxes.
ALUMINOUS NUMBER visible from a distance at
night has been put up on the/ town hall at Budapest,
and the authorities aro considering tbe advisability of
putting luminous num'bers on all houses in theclty, and
luminous plagues at lhs\ street corners on which the
street names may be easily read after dark. It is claimed
that Budapest is the first city to consider this method
of obviati'ng this difficulty.
IK English the letter "e" occurs most frequently, says
iFrank H. Vizetelly, the dictionary sharp. "But it is
thq most unfortuni-te character in the alphabet, because
It is always out of cash, forever ln debt, never out of dan
ger and in hell ull the time. It has its bright side, too,
for It is neh'er In war and always In peace. It is the beginning of existence, the commencement of ease find the
end of trouble. Without it there would be no meat, no
life and no heaven. It Is the center of honesty, makes
love perfelct, and without It there would be no editors, no
printers, no news and no announcers.
t~\ RBBLBY wrotn In his "Recellections of a Busy Life":
""Fame Is a vapor; popularity an accident; riches, take
wings; the only eurthly oertalnty ls oblivion; no man can
foresee what u day can bring forth; wilel those who cheer
today will often curse tomorrow; and yet I cherish lithe
hope that tho Journal I projected und established will live
and flourish long after 1 slii.pl have moldered into forgotten dust, being guided by a larger wisdom, a morel unerring sagacity to discern the right, though not by an unfaltering readiness, to embrace and defend It at Whatever
personal obit, and that tho stono which covers my ashes
may boar to futurel eyes the still Intelligible inspiration,
'Founder of the New Vork Tribune.' "
T ONIJON'S oldest cab driver ls Joe Mindon, who has
•L-tbeen 60 yi/i'rs on the box, und whose greatest pride is
that the late King Edward was for years one of his regular fares." (Motorization of the means of transportation
in -London has leil't old Joe almost without employment,
tlfti be talks jauntily of acquiring a taxlcab. Asked for
his opinion of the taxi, the aged cabby said reflectively:
"They have drivtjn us off the streets in the same way the
(busses are driving them off. And as for traffic, we'll soon
have to start burrowing underground. Give me the old
days with clesjr streets and a smart horse, and time for a
nap on the box if you llke(d."
A FTHR all this, treat thy friend nobly, love to be with
■**■ him, do to lilm all the worthinesses of love and fair
endiarment, according lo thy capacity and his. .
Give him gifts and upbraid him not, and refuse not his
kindnesses, and be sure never to despise the smallness or
the (impropriety of the. . . So must the love of friensd
sometimes be refreshed with material and low caresses
lest by striving to be too divine it become less human;
it must beallowed its share of both; It is human In giving
pardon   and    iv-ir  construction,   and   openness   and iu-l
LAWS executei themselves. They are out of time, out
of space, and not subject to circumstance. Tbus, in
the soul of man there is a justice whose retributions are
instant and entire. He who does o good deed is instantly
ennobled. He| who does a meajn deed lis by the action itself contracted. He who puts off impurity thereby puts on
-purity. ... If a man diissemble, deceive, he deceives
himself, and goes out of acquaintance with his own being.
Oharsjcter is always known. Thefts nevek- enrich; alms
never impoverish; murder will speak out of stone walls.
The least admixture of a lie—for example, the taiint of
vanity, any attempt to make a good impression, a| favorable appearance—will instantly vitiate the the effect But
speak the truht, and adl things alive or brute are! vouchers,, and the very rootsof grass underground there do
selem to stir and move to bear you witness. For all things
proceed out of the same spirit, which is differently named
love, justice, tempe,rance, in its different applications, just
as the ocea|n receives different name*) on the several
shores which it washes.—Ralph .Waldo Emerson.
Gfirl's Mother—Helen is the very
image ot what I was at her age.
He—Really! I shouldn't halve
thought lt possible.
Mother (coldly)—May I ask why?
He (seeing his error and striving
to rectify it)—Oh-er-I was forgetting
what a long time ago that must have
"I say, who was Mme. Pompadour?"
"I don't know. Ask the gentleman
nexit to you."
- "Excuse me, sir, but who was Mme.
"Oh,  a kind of Rococo-Coquette."
''What does he say?"
I don't know.   (He only stuttered."
Proved safe by millions and prescribed by physicians for
Colds     Headache     Neuritis        Lumbago
Pain      Neuralgia     Toothache     Rheumatism
Aspirin Is tt* trots mark (ratlstensl la Osnsels) ttt Sam Mts-nfaettn of M-ssmslli
•cMsstsr of Ssllerllcseld (Antrl Sallc/Mc Adel. "A. 8. A."). Whlls It ta mil tana
Ust Aspirin win Bsrs* nssuiofscturs, to assist tb* paMIc atalnst ta-sltaUooa, tt* TatMa
tt Barar Oosspany will bs atamrnd *-ltk tbssr isosrsl trad* stark, tto "Baysr Orsas."
Accept only "Bayer" package
which contains proved directions.
Handy  "Bayer" boxes of It tableta
Alto bottles of 24 and 100—Druggista-
Pirst Broker—Flip a dime to see
who puts up the $5000 in this deal.
(Second Bdoker—All right; only I
am going to flip a penny—I might
losq the dime.
She—You'll not dictate to any flapper stenographer. i
He—Ztfc so? I'll take no dictation
from my wife as to whom I'll dictate.
Applications for immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by the City, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Pricess—-From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Terms t—Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may be seen at the
DATAGONIA.wmich is one of the great centers f sheep'
*■ (breeding, ls in terrible trouble because packs of dog-
wolves which are destroying sheep by th* thousand.
TheBe creatures are crosses between thei native wolf and
collies that have run wild. -Tbey have little fear of man
and, indeejd, have killed many shepherds. They are doing such terrible damage that the export oof wool and
mutton fr m FaU|gonia is rapidly decreaning.
Bci happy a-od be so by piety.—Madame De stael.
Poems From EasternLand s
The moon comes forth, bright ln the sky;
I     ,    A lovelier sight to draw my eye
Is Bht} that lady fair.
(She round my heart has fixed love's chain,
But all my longings are in vain.
'Tis hard the grtef to bear.     •,
The mpbn comes f rtfa, a splendid sight!
More) winning fa|r that lady bright.
Object of my desire!
Deeep-seated is my anxious grief;
In vain I seek to find relief,
Whllo glows the secret fire.
The -lining moon shines mild and fair;
(More bright is she, whose Ibeauty rarS
My heart with longing fills,
With eager wish I pine In vain;
O for relief from constant pain,
Which through my bosom thrills!
—•From The" Sbi-Klng.
c^ncient History*
The (Grand H* irks public school -opened    la«*t   Mondav
with  the following staff of  instructors:    Principal and
flrst   division,    W. «.   M. May; second division, Miss
Bruoe;  third, Miss L. Chalmers; fourth,    Miss   Oldlng;
nfth,   Miss   Inglis; sixth. Miss A. Hay;  seventh, Miss
The Kettle Valley line] moved Into its new Third street
station this week.
Prosperity ds something fine,
Wei often pause ita boast of lt;
Yet each complains.all down the line,
That some has the most of it
Gity Clerk.
W. H. Warrington, chief engineer of tho Kejttle Valley
(ine, made the stajtement to The Suh man this watek that
ihe C.P.R. passenger trains would soon commence to run
thr ugh the| city over the Kettle Valley line tracks.
Owing to a rush of other butiuess last week, The Sun
neglected to state that Gus Parker and Oeorge) McCabe
have become expert trick motorists.
Ptsler A. Z. Pat-e Is spending his annual holidays in
Franklin camp thiis week. The chances are ten to one
that he will have a tunnel driven cleiar throu gh some
mountain before he returns to the city.
Donna—Tou   saly   you   made that
dress for $30?
Bell—Yes, the go ds only cost $46
a yard.
Husband   (Irritably)—Why   ls    it
that you women always insist  n having the laat w rd?
Wife (calmly)—We don't. The only
reason we get it is because we alwaya
have a dozen arguments left when
you stupid men are all run out
And so you (have delded to plunge
yourself into the literary world, doctor?"
"Yes, Indeed, 1 have. You have
no Idea what an enormous demand
there is for the books on symptom*
among the people who haven't anything the matter wltb them!"
"The sun," says a famous English
scientist, "ls the greatest physician
ln the world."
The trouble over there, we understand, is that lt Is hard to get an
"Stop!" ordered tbe man in the
road. "You are exceeding the speed
"That's all nonsense,' retorted
Blank, bringing his car car to •
"That's what they all say," said the
other, climbing into the car. Yon tal
your story to the magistrate at Hicks
ville, Just seven miles up tha road."
The trip waa mabe to Hlckaville ln
silence.   When the oar drew up ln
front oft he coutr house the man got
out.   "Much obliged for the ride,' he
safd.   "You can settle   that   matter
with the magistrate lf you want to,
Ai a stranger around these parts I
dott't think my word would coun tfor
It ia hard for the unsophlsticaed
listened who is having his flrat ex-
perieposf. with the radio to realise
that the*' Jnuslc or the voices he
hears are, pwhaps, ten, fifty or Ave
hundred SOOsm away. The Tatlor
tells the tvMIly creditable story of
a passing fanner who waa colled into a house in northern Ireland to
hear radfco for the first amo. The
hOBt gave him a pair of headphones
when a concert -waa in progress.
The man listened a minute and
then aaid: "Boys, that's great II
never (heard the "kes of that before."
Then, abruptly taking off tho headphones, he exclaimed: "There's a
band coming-; I ■*u*t so out *-**• boU
the horse's :hea4.-*
Sometimes the informality
of the spoken word
ia more effective
than a letter.
British  Columbia Telephone
nJiiiiiJMijJtNiiiiiniiiu lUJUiiMHiiiiiiiiMifiiijriiffMiiNUiiFiiiniiiiiiJJirNrNnmHiiEMfiiiiifNiiiufiiNijrnijmiriim!!^
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year
Where Steam Beats Air Speed
t—Seeing the world from tbe rear oil tbe Trans-Canada.       J—CP.R.'s moat powerful locomotiTe will haul the Trans-C*anada.
3—Throutlb the scenic route of the Rockies.       4—Open air obser-ratlon ear a feature of the mountain Journey.
B ottering the air mail's record, la
carrying mail across the conr.i-
::cnt is not In the ro-xular scheme
o-' things for tho Tracs-Can-da Uie
Canadian Pacific's stellar summer
transcontinental train. Thc tails uf
cv.ch an Incid.snt 'nie broi'Chl. tu
mind through tho i,)'uo.nrrBic:v
from headquarters of the- Canadian
Pacific that the Trans-' 'anailu JVlU i
a-.tin operate bet.vecn Vancouver
T.-.ronto and M*mlro»l from the ivilii-
tl'ts of May till about the end or
September. .S'MCh a rword vru
mi'iSe in the mldd'.o of la.st .Inly and
was unintenti*in.*il. I)y a coincidence
letters were forwanlui to one of iho
o'f,ciale ln Montreal hy r.lr rpine-
ared by the Ti-nus-Canadc. both bo-
ln-< stamped at approximately ■. the
rr.me hours nni dato. From co n-
parlssoos' it was shown that the letter forwarded hy train arrived about
30 hours ahead of the air route
This greyhound of the steel rails
has within tbe few years of Its operation, become widely popular a-
mong travellers from all parts of
the world. ■>
In planning the service instituted
' hy tho Trans-Canada, the officials
I of the company bore ln mind many
I details that afford comfort and conveniences to the traveller.   It takes
this great train only 89 hours and
IS  minutes  to run between Montreal and Vancouver and about three
hours    less    from   Toronto.    The
schedule has bifen so arranged that
the train arrives and departs from
the principal business centres    a-
cross." the    continent    at suitable
hours.   The traveller who wished to
make boat connections at Atlantic
and Pacific ports have been kept ln
mind;  and the vacationist visiting
tho Canadian Rockies who wishes
to reach its beauty spots quickly
and at convenient hours.    In  arranging, for all this the schedule of
stops has been cut to a skeleton,
making the journey all  the more
enjoyable.   The train, with the exception   of certain   concessions- to
parlor car passengers, carries only
sleeping car passengers.*
The route of the Trans-Canada
is the track of Canadian history.
From the scenes of Indian fights
and International feuds in the province of Quebec, via the route of
the French explorers and fur
traders ln Ontario; round the north
shore of the Great Lakes to Winnipeg, once the Fort Oarry of the
Hudson's Bay Company, then across
the prairies which have not yet
ceased to echo with the warwhoops
of the now peaceful Indians; throuch
the Rockies with their memories of
Fra-ser, Mackenzie, Palliser and
Rogers, and down at last to Vancouver which was once furrowed by
tho keels of the Spaniards. Tho
Trans-Canada links the whole.
One of tbe features of the Company's most up-to-date equipment
used on this train is the new locomotive of the well-known 2303
class. The g-3-d type, the very
latest model which will be used is
the most powerful of the Company's
engines. Tbe equipment is all-steel
throughout, the standard sleepers
being of the latest design and luxuriously appointed. ,In the compartment-observation car one can sit at
ease and watch the whole panorama
of the Dominion roll by.«When the
train climbs Into the mountains a
special open air observation car ls
attached and in this one can gain
an unrestricted view of the passing
Pigeons Were Postmen in Old Ragusa
Air mail service between Winnipeg and Fargo, North Dakota, hai
been inaugurated and the first mail
for Winnipeg from the United
States arrived recently.
The potato acreage along the
Dominion Atlantic Railway line is
larger than last year and a 40 per
cent, crop increase is looked for.
There will likely be 175,000 barrels
available for export, as compared
witb 132,000 last year.
British Columbia's farms produced 171,362,209 last year; breaking
all records and gaining $6,208,81)6
over the previous year, according to
the final figures of the Provincial
Statistician, G. H. Stewart. Lum-
berine leads with agriculture second.
A new world record is set—SOO
white Leghorn baby chicks arrived
from the University of British
Columbia at Ottawa through the
Canadian Pacific Express Company,
safe, sound, and hungry, all of
them. None had feed or water on
their 3,000 mile journey and none
died or suffered.
A Barred Plymouth Rock, owned
by the University of Saskatchewan,
has established a new record fnr the
three Prairie Provinces, laying her
300th egg in her pullet year of
which there is still a month to go.
The world's record for trap-nested
production is held by No. 6, an
Agassiz, B.C. pullet, which laid 361
eggs in 364 days.
'■ Members of the newly-appointed
Saint John Board of Harbor Commissioners, headed by Hon. W. E.
Foster, recently concluded a conference with Canadian Pacific officials
of Montreal in connection with the
proposed improvements in the grain
shipping facilities of the port. The
chief object of the new commission,
according to Mr. Foster, is the creating of a national idea of an All-
Canadian trade route through the
Port of Saint John.
Scots in Canada are looking forward witb keen interest to the
coming Highland Gathering and
Festival of Scottish music to be held
at Banff September 3 to 5, the activities taking plac. on the grounds
adjoining the Banff Springs Hotel.
Through the generosity of the Canadian Pacific Railway officials this
festival has been mae)» possible and
is along the line cisUhe Canadian
Folk Song Festival held at the
Chateau Frontenac, Quebec, in May
which was voted such an outstanding success.
The United States' interest in the
development of the locomotive in
Canada is seen in a request by the
Baltimore and Ohio Railway to the
Canadian Pacific V.ailway to send
one ot its latest passenger types of
engine to the centenary exhibit of
locomotives, which will open at
Baltimore on September 24th. The
Canadian Pacific has arranged to
supply one of its latest types of the
"2300" class locomotives, complete
with crew, for the occasion. This
ls the company's fastest and most
powerful passenger locomotive.
One of the strangest attempts at
taking a census is now being made
by Andrew Widsden of Bella Coola,
B.C., according to information received here. At the request of
Harlan I. Smith of the National
Museum of Canada, Mr. Widsden is
taking a census of the grizzly bear
population of some eleven valleys
along the fiords which are included
in the "Norway of America" traversed on the steamship journey
between Prince Rupert and Vancouver. The coast line between
these two ports is a noted big game
hunting-, ipot and attracts ©many
grizzly hunters each year from all
sections of the continent as well as
(torn other parts of the world.
Clock est Custom Heats Rssjuss.
Seven   hundred
Seven hundred yean ago, the
pigeons ot the Free City of Ragusa,
In Dalmatia, y/srs postmen. They
went across all the seas In boats,
travelled, with, all the caravans, and
knew all the routes of the'air which
brought them back to Ragusa.
Uke the sailors ot Ragusa, they
wen known in all the ports of the
world; aa a protection, they were
made citizens of the Free City of
Ragusa. Any penon molesting or
Insulting a pigeon was therefore
'Ity of offense againat the state,
I was brought beiore the tribunal.
tomes were built for these pigeons
lie city walls, and the streets and
tops wen theln. Every man
who antered at the city gates was
obliged to offer as tribute from his
native town two pigeons. These lived
in wooden cages labeled with the
names of their homes, and gossiped
with the other pigeons until their turn
came to carry out a letter. In this
way, Ragusa enlarged its postal
But the centuries rolled by. Ragusa
lost its freedom. Venice usurped its
powers on the seas. - Battleships
steamed up and down the Adriatic.
With the other citizens, the pigeons
lost their rights and wero forced to
associate with the- sea gulls trom
Lacroma, an island to the north,
sometimes suffering the indignity of
begging grain from the birds with
whom In the days of their exclusive
splendour, they would not associate.
Today, the port of Gravosa, Rag-
tisa's harbor, is crowded with ships
bearing the new flag of Jugo-Slavfa.
Passengers from the Empress of
France, the Canadian Pacific steamship which next year will add Cattaro
and Gravosa ports on its annual
Mediterranean cruise, will have a
chance to scatter crumbs to the
thousands of cooing pigeons still
crowding Ragusa's streets and adding
to its beauty. The white city. "Bride
of the Sea," some poet has called her,
would be less beautiful if the irri-
descent necks of the pigeons did not
make small splotches of color on the
spotless Smooth flagstones and the
gray white buildings.
Jncle—My boy, lt will pay you to
tie diligent to your studies. Re-cnem-
ber, wbat you have learnad   no   one
can ever take from you.
Smail Nephew—Well, they can't
ta^e from me what I haven't learned,
either, can they?
Two flappers were (lapping
One warmf afternoon,
If skirts grow mucb shorter
They're bathing suits soon.
Clarence Marsh Case, profit-ssor of
Bociolgy, University of Southern California, puestlons my comparison
concerning old and young motorists.
His comments on thus recent article
of minej are Intensely Interesting.
Darnod if I d n't think he Is right.
His letter follows:
My Dear 'Mr. Greer:
Any reliable compr|rison concerning the fitness of older or younger
persons to handle cars ,in traffic
should take Into consideration the
fact that there are three morel or less
distinct aspects of this matter.
The first has to do with mechanical
skill—a matter • f shifting gears,
manipulating the| gaB and spark, tho
brakes and clutch. The facility for
this is just a( matter of edementary
The second side of motoring is a
question of steering, which involves
the ability to judge distances and
speeds, and also .Includes the ability
to sit ln a relaxed position and simply guide thei car. The trait needed
here Is perhaps the Bame used in
driving the farm team, the family
carriage—horse-, or even the lowly
wheelbarrow and it ls pre-eminent in
The third quality on which mot r-
ing ia neither that of the mechanic
nor tho driver, but ls purely social.
It means ability to beak- dn mind the
tra ic regulations, among other
things, but ln no merely superficial
way. The good motorist must enter
into tha spirit of all those ordinances
and regulations, and be able to amply
them in a c m-plex social situation.
In the traffic jam tbe fellow who insists on his legal rights ln an exact
ing, mechanicql way Is a nuisance'
and a menace. 'He must know how
to yield to courtesy, kindness or some
other higher social virtue, ln short,
no onc{ who lacks moral and social
discipline Is fit to drive a mot r car
In the traffic of today. Such a| per-
sonhas not reached social maturity.
No mere Individualist, much less an
egoist, ls capable of' being a capable
driver no mutter how raech ml .-ally
skilled he ls. While ranking high
tin mechanics, vision and muscle he
may rejally be an undeveloped baby
ln the moral and social comprehension and self-control whicli c nstl-
tutes an absolute indispensable quality of the real driver. For modern
driving retits at bottom on the great
social virtue of mutual aid.
If the foregoing argument ts true,
it follows that all statistical studies
concerning older alnd younger drivers
must regard these distinctions.
What think y u, folks?
In the club they were talking of
men who, though famous and
wealthy, were at the same time very
"I once knew a man," said Butler,
"who was so economical that he used
cover up his inkwell between dips
ln case any shoulk be lost by evaporation."
"But I knew a man," observed Cutler, "who stopped hla clock every
night to prevent the works wearing
while he was asleep!"
"What do you think of the suggestion that bachelors bo paid only half
what married men get?" asked Mrs.
I don't give a whoop what they
pay bachelors," growled her husband,
but I think married men ought to be
paid 100 times more than they are
unless they can get wives to want
100 times less than they do."
First College Man—Yon are certainly not pinning your faith on a) girl
like that?
Becond Ditto—Oh, no, just pinning
my fraternity pin on her/
People take The" Sun
because they -believe
it is worth the price we
charge for it. It is
therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents, including
advertisments. This
is not always the case
wifh newspapers that
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
Advertising   "to   help
the editor." But we do
want businessadvertis-
ing by progressive business  men   who, know
that sensible advertising brings results  and
pay. If you have something to offer the public  that    will ^benefit
them and you as well,
the newspaper reaches
more people than a bill
sun readers
know what
Ihey want
and if you have the
goods you cnn do business with them THE SUN:  GBAND FOBKS, BBITISH COLUMBIA
Sterling Va
We guarantee the qualityof every pound.
The case against a man mimed
Campbell, for board and supplies oh-
tallied at Christina lake, in the oo-
llce court last Tliursds<|y afternoon,
was settled out of court: Matthews
of Nelson came here to act for the
defendant, while C. F. R. Pincott
prosecuted the ciise.
Next 'Monday, being Labor day, tlie
wickets at the post office will be
closed all day with the exception of
one hour, from 9 till 10 q.m. Mail
tor boxholders will be sorted as usual
upon arrival of trains.
We have been told that a dance
ball Is being erected in Cascade. In
order to get the^e institutions pkjeed
at equidistant from ech other between this city and the lake, the
ntost logical location for thn; next
one to be erected is. apparently at
iFire (Marshal J. A. Thomas, of Van
couve-fr, was in the city on Saturday
on business in connection with the
destruction by lira of the dance pa
vilion at Christina lake.
is reopening an oflice here In the
Traders' block, Dibout the end of the
present month. Mr. Plncott's son,
Keith, who ls well known ln Rossland, will be ln charge of the Rossland oflice.—'Rossland Miner.
Mrs. J. A. Brown left the latter
part of last week for Riderwood,
Wash., where she is visiting her
daughter, Mrs. Harry Cameron.
Mrs. John McKie sjnd family are
moving to Vancouver, where they
will take up their residence for a
couple of years at least.
'J. A. McDonald, the Nelson jam
factory man, was in the city on business on Saturday.
Butterfield dance pavilion at Chrls-
tjina lake, was in the city on Saturday.
Miss Elsie Egg has returned home
from   a   two   weeks' visit with MrB.
Smyrls at Myncaster.
R. G. Ritchie, Cascade merchant,
was in the city on Monday. 'He sold
that Cascade is booming.
W. M. We/lker, manager for P.
Burns & Co. in the Kooteinays, was
to the city last Friday.
The Kettle Vall'ly line has taken
up a sidetK/ck on Third street, and
the street is being repaired by the
J. W. Robertson, of Vancouver, Are
insurance] adjuster, was in the oity
on Saturday in connection with the
burning of the dance pavilion at
Christina lake last week.
Tho) Sun last week was the first
newspaper to give the people of
Grand Forks the first printed information of the result of thC| New Westminster by-election.
Charles F. R. Pincott, barrister, of
Grand Forks, and who up until a few
years ago practiced law in this city,
William Willis, of Saskatoon, arrived in the city yesterday and is visiting his brother Joseph, local C.P.R.
Elwin Frache, of Lethbridge, Alta.,
lias been spending a week with relative^ in the city.
J. T. Simmons on Sunday last motored to Nelson, to which city he took
his son Joseph, who will attend business college there.
The deer season opened yesterday.
Frank m|rlinger is given the credit
of bringing in the first deer.
(Mrs. A. Gustafson is havtag a
dance pviliona erected at Cascade^
Frank W. Brown, mortgagee of the
VICTORIA, August 30.—A program of studies for junior high
schools has just been Issued by
tht department of education. It wt*p
prepared with the assistance of principals and inspectors, who made a
careful study of junior high school
problems and were conversant with
what hejd -been attempted and what
was accomplished in Great Britain
and other countries. It Us mada public by Hon. J. D. MaoLean, premier
and minister of education.
(On September 5 junior high schools
will open in Vancouver, Point Grey
and Penticton. In Vancouver, there
will be two large (institutions, the
Kitsilano junior high school and the
Templeton junior high school, under
the principalship of Major H. B.
King, (M.A., and H. B. Fitch, M.A.,
The Penticton junior high school,
which was the first of its kind to be
established in the province, opened
last year, under the principalship of
A. (S. Matheson efnd will be continued
this year under his diirection. Allan
Bowles, thr, principal of -King George
high school, Point Grey, conducted
an experimental class in junior high
school last year. It proved so successful that the work is being con
tiinuod and extended.
The junior high school is a further
step ln the imfprovement of the provincial system of educajtlon in conformity with tbe recommendations
of the British Columbia school survey
commission, said Premier MacLean.
It is intended for pupils of tbe last
two years of the elementary school
and the first year of the high school,
that is, for Grajdes VII, VIII and' IX.
It provides an enriched curriculum
to meet the needs of children of the
eearly adolescent age (approximately from 12 to 16 years).
"The program which is how issued
is designed to fit Canadian conditions
and to perpetuate what ls beht ln our
traditions. It may fairly be regarded
as a new contribution to Canadian
life and education," said the premier.
The school day will be extended to
six hours, divided Unto, eight periods
of 40 to 45 minutes each. There is
provision for study periods at school
each day, under direction and supervision.
The course ln each grade ds made
up up a number of ' constats"—subjects which are taken by nfl students,
and a number of "variables," or elective subjects which are chosen by the
pupils under t he direction of the
principal and authorized counsellors. There is provision also for
special try-out courses, running
from one-quarter to one-half year ln
different subjects, the object of which
is to asce-rtain the natural aptitudes
of the pupils.
The "constants" ln grades VII and
VIII are English, social studies
(which is e. unified study in history,
georgraphy and citizenship), health
and physical education, mathematics,
practical arts, general science, music
and study. Art is •*- constant ini
grade VII, but not in grades VIII or
IX.'While the program expresses in
concrete form the later developments
in the; science of education, it is to
be regarded as tentative only, and
criticism of it wben based upon a
thorough knowledge of the junior
high school will be welcomed. Some
slight che-ngee in the content of the
courses will no doubt be found to be
desirable in the light of thq year's
experience in operating junior high
jThe establishment of junior high
schools in this province; will in due
course necessitate a modification of
the curriculum of high schools and
of senior high schools.
Gay Festival At Banff For Scot?.
r       *tWx%
Scots folk in Canada and the United
States can well look forward with
keen interest to renewing acquaintance with many of thc delightB of
the home country on the occasion
of a Highland gathering and Festival
of Scottish music to be held at Br.nlT
September 3 to 5 to which the Prince
of Wales has given his patronage.
What more magnificent setting
for a Highland gathering could be
chosen than Banff with that vast
amphitheatre of Rocky Mountains
encircling the headlong waters of
the Bow and Spay Rivers. Scottish
fur traders who first penetrated these
mountains a hundred years ago were
awed by the ruggedness of the scene
and impressed by its similarity to
their own rugged highlands. The
force of circumstance and the love
of adventure have brought many
Scots to this Western world and it is
only natural that the^* should wish
to take part again in the old sports
and tra'ditionr.1 tests of manly prowesi*
which will he a feature of the gathering, in addition to a wealth of
Scottish music. The recorded history
of this music goes back to tbe days
of Columba whoso mission, established in the sixth e»ntury at lona,
spread its infiu-:nce all over tbe south
snd west of Scotland.
Many of the i
Highland dancing'
have intimated th
part in the gat
which is the tou.
Rockies, will be
tartans of ,'' -otlai
landers, too, will t
the caber, putting
the hammer, and
lest exponents of
i Western Canada
r intention to take
aring, and Banff,
1st capital of the
ablaze with the
!. Brawny Hi(jh-
.-.ke part in tossing
the ball, throwing
other such sports.
Supplementing these features will
be a series of concerts in the great
ballroom at Bai { Springs Hotel,
for which several of the best known
Scottish singers 1 -.ve been engaged
including J. Camp ell Mclnnes noted
for the renderin . of Border and
Highland ballads Madame Jeanne
Dusseau, who i :der her maiden
name of Ruth Tl om attracted the
attention of Mary Garden, the well-
known prima dom a, by her beautiful
interpretation of '.\i Scottish songs;
Davidson Thompron, the Winnipeg
baritone, who sa- g with the Minneapolis Symphoi ,-; and Ruth Matheson,   Winnipej '9   fine  contralto.
Gaelic singers \ ill be represented
by Norman Ca' *.eron, tenor and
by a group of iolk-song vocalists
from the Hebrie'es, who recently
came to make the'.- home in Canada.
The programme- of Scottish music
has Ijeen drawn up in histories
sequence, commencing with old ball
ads of the fourteenth and fifteenth
centuries, followed by groups of the
periods of Mary Queen of Scots,
Stuarts, and Jacobites. In turn
there will be songs by Burns, Sir
Walter Scott, Lady Nairne, and
Christopher North.
Hebridean music, recently made
popular by Mrs. Kennedy Fraser
wiu also be featured, and place will
be found, too, for the folk-songs and
dances of Highland tribes of Indian
whose hunting grounds were from
time immemorial in the Negsbaring
Rockies. These Indians will be
gathered in a picturesque encampment, and with their teepes and
variegated costumes they will add
another note of colour to the gathering.
By the courtesy of the Canadian
minister of- Militia each of the
seventeen Highland Regiments in
Canada will be represented by its
best regimental piper in an endeavor
to secure a beautiful trophy offered
by E. W. Beatty, chairman and
President of the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company through whose
interest and generosity the organization of this unique Highland Gathering at Banff hut, been made possible
Jones—Will you join our indignteV
tion meeting tomorrow night, colonel?
We want to make a strong protest.
Colonel Pepper—With pleasure,
sir.   Er—what's    the protest about?
•fli/LEDTKNUEKS will In- recelvetl  l,y lbe
lln-tricc   Koiester, Ni-lstot,,  not  luior Hum
noon ou the Ills daiol Soptesnl,t>r, 19-7, forll-e
Eurchato   of Lieenoe .\9C57, 1,11   Morri.sey
re'l'k, to out  18,16(1   lini-ul   leet    of   Cedar
One (1) years will  be iiliuwo 1 for removal
of timber.
Kurt her particulars of the Chle:  KVrenter,
Vli:t„rio, or tbe District. I'ur, liter, Ne tun, B.C.
MOTICEISHKKI-YeilvBNihat lhe reserve
^ covering Lois SOMs, 8007s, 8008. and
3000s, Slmilkaraecn Division of Yale District,
is cancelled.
tl. It. NADBN,
Department of Law
Victoria, B.C..
151*1 July,  19-27
Deputy Minister of Lands,
Phone SO
Try our Special Tea
at 65c per lb
Shoes, Shirts, Overalls
jfjGoodj values for your
Call and see Jus before
General Merchant
Transfer Co.
•City Xagfcagc and Genera I
Coal,   Wood and   Ice
for Sale
Office  at  R.  t. Petrle'a Store
Phone 64
Get Your
at the
Phone 25 "Service and Quality" ||
E. C. Henniger Co.
Grain, Hay *
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Cement and Plaster
Poultry Supplies
Grand Forks, B. C.
rpUE value of wcll-
■**• printed, neat appearing stationery as
a meanaof getting and
holding desirable business haa been amply
demonstrated. Consult ur before going
Wedding invitations
Bail programs
Business cards
Vr^ng cards
Sh'y" iug tags
Statements     '
Price lists
New Type
Latest Style
"■-•Vacant. iiurr<erve,l, surveyed Crown lands
nay bss pre-empted by Hrltl I, .iibj.ois ••/fill yeare of a«o, and by alien, ou dsioi.rlug
Intern lou to become BrltUh subleois, conditional upon reil le»<". sscoupailssn aud Im-
proveisieut for airrioiiliaral ourpotes
Full Information eouteruini- regulations
regarding pre eninilous is jflveii in Bulletin
, No. I, Lap I Series, "Uow to Pre-einnt Uuid."
cople.s.1 which i-Mi beobtalueslfrenoftlinrate
by addressing il.g Department of Lauds,
Victoria, U. C.. or any Unverun:cu i Aimiii.  '
Records will be made c-vtrlug ouly land
suitable for agricultural pur,-Q«es, and wbich
le not liniberluiiJ. 1 e„ mrrvlug over e.utlu
board ket i,er aore west ol trie Coast Itange
•ud 8 UW feei per aurecast of tbat rausns
^Applications fur pro-euiptlont are to be
addressed to tbe Laud Commissioner ot tke
LandKsicordlssgUfvilduii.lu wblcb lbe laud
applied for 1. tltuated.a.sd ure made un
printed tonus, euples of o,u be obtained
from the Land Coniiuissio'ier.
Pre-emptions must be ooeuiiiud for Hve
yearsand I.upruveiiwit-i miN.< i,s value of tu
pcr»ore,iiiolu.|liigole,irliijt aud oultlvaiing
•t least Ave acrea, before a Crowu Urant eau
be received.;
For more dotation imorinaiiuu seethe llu|.
letlo "Uow to Pre-empt Laud."
Applications arc received for purehaae vt
vaoant and unreserved Orown Lns.di,,sot being timberland, fur agricultural purposes'
minimum price of llr.t-elats (arable) laud It
» per aore. and seenml-class (graaing) laud
S-etl per aore. Fur.hor Information ragard-
Ing purohase or louse nf Orown laud, I. .Ive.
•■•Bulletin Ko. 1Q. Laud Series. "Purohaa, and
ease of Crown Lunds.',
lliU, factor},, or iuduUlal site, ou timber
Und, nut exceeding to acres, may ba pur.
chased or leased, on oonditlous Including
•'iv"''!-!-!!!-! etumpage.
Columbia Arenac m
feln Stnat
PalaceBarber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty
P. A. Z. PARE, Proorietor
rtUMttsii E  I «*A8ES £■
Uusurtreyed areas; uol a«'cee\ling w aciT,,
may be leased as buinoal les, conditional upon
a duelling belug e eeted in tb* brat year,
title being obtainable after residenoe aad
improvement conditions sre fulfilled and Uud
haa bean surveyed.;
LEASES  ■;   Q
Por graaing and Industrial purposes areas
not exoeedlng (MO acres may be leused by on*
person or a oom pany.
I'nder the Graaing Aot the Provinee it
divided Into grating districts ud the range
administered under • Qraxliur Com-
tulnloner. Annual srs-aalng permits are.
Issued bated ou numbers ranged, priority be.
Ing given to established owners. Stoek
ownera oar form associations far rang*
management. Free, or partially iree, permit,
•re avalUblee lor settler., -statpert and
travelers ap to ten head.
Wholesale and Betail
•alar la
Havana Cigars, Pipes)
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Gaud Forka, B. C
Uttmlalon MonomanUI Works 81
fflAabe-atoa Pradtaaia Cfc BewAaaW
Furniture Made to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinda.
Upholstering Neatly Done


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