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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Dec 16, 1927

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 We invariably admire the sound judgment of the man who agrees with us
THE regular meeting of the Grand
Forks city council was held in
the council cha-mber on Wednesday evening, the mayor and all
the  i.dermen  being present.
A r.ranl of $25 v/as made to the
Children's Aid society of Vancouver
Information regarding compulsory
automobile insurance was received,
and laid on the ti|*jle for furthor consideration.
The board of works reported tbe
sale oi' the balance of the bume at
the Granby smelter, and that considerable rock had been crushed and
pkj-cd on talie streets before the late
heavy enowfall.
Chief Docksteader was appointed
ivana ;cr of the skating rink, in conjunction with his other duties.
A recolution was passed appointing
John A. Hutton returning ollicer in
the forthcoming municipal election,
and, If required, the following deputy returning ollicers: J. W. Pyrah,
T. A. Wri-jht, George Mt |*ison, B. L.
Kidd, and C. A. S. Atwood.
Vernon, Dec. 14.—Discussion of tho
proposed trl-partite contract featured
"Tell me whit ynu Know la tni»
I md tae** es well u too."
commenced last Tuesday. Although
there is no official statement, President T. J. Chamibers announces that
there i|ro no unexpected develop
nients and that the changes are of a
:ninor nature mostly along the lines
suggested at the meetings of the lo-
als where the contract has been discussed.
Proposed changes in the contract
are to be submitted to E. C. Mtiyers
for his opinion, so that the draft cf
the ujvt* contract will not be pre-
i ar.-Ml until a later date.
Although Kolowna's .application
for consideration as the location of
tho hc-ild of/Ice of the Associated was
r3'.'.'.'., !: v«::s not discussed.
Kelowna carried off premier hon-
i: in tho apple show at the Winter
ii:-, Vancouver, winning the dis-
oxliiblt with a margin of 70
over other districts. Salmon
came second, Penticton third,
Vernon fourth. All exhibits
exceptionally    high  clt us  and
the sitting of the board of directors j wcro
of    the    Associated    Growers which I attracted much interest.
Mineral Production of
Province for Year 1927
VICTORIA, Dec. 15.—British Columbia's mineral production in
1927 will be greater than that
in any previous year in tho history
of ths industry in this province, according to the preliminary survey of
the year's operations just published
under authority of Hon. William
Sloan, mlnisUr of mines. The report estimates the aggregate production will approximate 5,000,000 tons,
as compared with 4,776,075 tons in
1KB, but owing to lower average
mott) prices, as compared with the
previous year, the aggregate value of
the minerals produced will approximate $i}2,142,340 as Compared wilh
$67,188,842 in 1926. On the other
ht'nd, while tho reduction In metal
prices will somuwhat decrease profits
and dividends, the value of the industry to the province is in the distribution of money and wages, sup-
plius, transportation services, etc.,
and in this rhere hits been no diminution during 1927. At the 1926 average pn.ee level, this year's estimated
production would have. a value of
about $70,000,000.
'lhe following table shows the estimated mineral production this year
and vi Hue thereof, as compared with
the actual figures of production and
vaaluci tor 1926:
Decrease of 1,839,769 pounds in
copper, as compared with 1926, is
somewhat surprising in view of the
tact that the throe big copper mines
—Anyox, Brqitana'a and Copper
Jlounltlin—will have mined and
B illcd larger tonnages than in 1?2G.
This is explained by the fact that
slightly lower grade ore was handled.
An increase of over 11 per cent
well be made this year in lead, which
is estimated clt 293,000,000 pounds,
compared with 263,023,937 pounds in
1926, the great bulk of this record
production coming from the famous
Sullivan mine of the Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Company of Canada. British Columbia Ib now producing about 10 per cent of the
world's total let |d  production.
Zinc, too,, will show a larger production this year than last, the Sullivan mine again being responsible
for the great bulk of the output.
All the coal producing disdricts of
the province showed increased output, and with the contiinued growth
of population tind industries in the
province, there will undoubtedly be
expansion of the coal mining industry, notwithstanding the competition
frolm outside coals and imported fuel
Product Quantity
Gold, placer, oz	
Goold, lode, oz       201,427
Silver,   oz -  10,748,536
Copper,  lbs  89,339,768
Lead, lb 263,023,973
Zinc,  lb 142,876,947
Cofc'l, tons (2240 lb)    2,330,036
Structural   materials 	
Miscellaneous minerals 	
1926                         1927 (Estimated)
Value        Quantity
$    355,503 	
$    260,000
4,163,859        172,000
6,675,606    11,350,000
12,324,421    87,500,000
17,767,535 293,000,000
10,586,610 148,000,000
11,650,180     2,470,000
At the present time, however.prlcos
of the metals arre advancing slightly, and Hon. Mr. Sloan believes that
1928 will show a somewhat better
price than that prevailing during
1927, for metal prodductlon throughout the world has been curtailed
somewhat during the past few
months, metal stocks are comparatively low, andd as prices are depend
ent on supply and demand, any lessening of production will soon result
ln advancing prices.
Gold output shows a falling off
from 1926 both in placer and lode
operations, but a number of satisfactory developments have taken place
during the year Hn the Bridge river,
Ymir and Atlin districts, all of which
are expected to haive larger gold outputs next year.
The sliver output will show an Increase of about 600,000 ounces over
1926, but the value will be about$300,-
000 less, owing to the lower average
pivce. Nevertheless, British Columbia, it is expected, will maintain the
position gained in 1926 as the leading silver producing province in
Canada. -_ ■ -.  -._
L ower California Islands
The year has 'been marked by In
Canal andd SlocifA districts having
creased development, the Portland
proved the most active in this respect, but ln the aggregate a large
amount ot exploratory work has been
done in varied t(nd widely separated
parts of the province. The aggres-
sivo policy of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, in acquiring new properties, notably in the Portland Cantf section,
together with the continued active
development of its now substantial
holdings on Vancouver island, indicates that the company contemplates as important ti position ln
coast mining as it has long held in
the Kootenay district.
Ilhere has been steady progress
made in the improovement and expansion for the metallurgical treatment of ore, with the result that only
a small percentage of the metallic
ore of the province ls now being
treated by direct smelting, as the con
centratlon of ores has been found
to be much more efficient. The result haB been that lower grille ore
than ever before is being treoted at
a profit.
HE Islands off the west coast
of Lower California are widely
scattered over a section of the
ocean which provides a very scant
rainfall.. As a consequence, desert
conditions prevail among them.
The most interesting of these islands is Guadalupe. It rises precipitously from abysmal depths, a
volctmo some 12,000 feet high but
with only 1500 feet above the sea. It
has never been connected with other
shores and It ls, therefore, an oceanic
island in every respect. All. of Its
animals and plants have comt: to It
either over or through the ocetln.
This enforced isolation of the species which come to Guadalupe has
caused them to become modified into
many distinct forms which are of
great interest to students of biology.
But aside from this "esthetic" value,
the island has been of very considerable commercial importance becautfe
of the great abundance there at one
timci of certain species of marine
Guadalupe ls the sole remaining
home of the only remnant of a herd
of elephant seals in the northerh
hemisphere. Its 'fine herd of fur
seals was hunted and persecuted until apparently the last survivor succumbed to the buckshot of the hunters. At least 200,000 skins of this
valuable fur-bc-arer, which, at present
prices, would be worth mare than
$6,000,000, were taken from the island.
Guadalpe, Mexico's westernmost
possession, located 180 miles southwest of San Diego, Cal., ls about 20
miles long and six miles wide. It te
known to have been visited by fur-
seal hunters in the early part of the
nineteenth ccptury.
Ihe world's greatest herds of fur
seals have been so long commercially extinct that people havci come to
associate the name only with the species which resorts to the Jribilof islands, in Alaska, where, by long and
bitter fighting of diplomatic and legislative! battles, the United States has
been successful in preserving the
largest herd now ln existence. But
once there were several other herds
much larger, in the southern hemis
Fur Seals All Killed
The species which lived on Guadalupe was akin to these last and not
to the Alaskan forms, although the
furs were almost equally valuable
and brought good profits to the hunters. Guadalupe being such a dis
tant outpost of Mexico, lt is doubtful lf a single official of that government had the faintest conception of
the war of extermination at the time
lt was taking place.
So far aB the available records
show, the last,living fur seal
seen on Guadalupe ln 1892. Since
then several expeditions have geno to
the island and searched tor the animal without success.
Former fur-seal rookeries have
bcen examined with scrupulous care,,
the areas measured and the number
ot animals which once hauled out
there  to rear their young computed.
South Rookery originally contained at le»Bt 60,000 fur seals and compared favorably with the major breed
Ing grounds of the Prlbllof islands today. The entire Guadalupe herd must
have numbered at least 100,000 animals when it was in Its prime.
Without printed records, how do
we know this, thirty years after tho
last of the animanls died? They left
their own records, which can be read
almost as plainly today as lf each animal were in Its place; and this
makes the realization of the facts all
the more bitter.
'The animals chose the roughest
and most rocky shores for their land
homes and congregated ln large.com-
pact rookeries, In conformance to tho
habit of fur seals generally. The constant  trampling  of  thousands  upon
mals, and the island was forgotten
for many years; but about 1880 it was
rediscovered and s everal thousand
seals were killed ln a few succeeding seasons..
Stories are still heard in San Diego
of the last killings which took place.
The fur-bearers were pursued into
the dark recesses of volcanic bea«h
caves and shot or clubbed by the
light of torches.
The Elephant Seal
Another interesting sea animal is
the GuadtP.Uipe elephant seal—a huge,
clumsy beast with a long flctxible
trunk. The animals were at one time
widely distributed and abundant on
many of the remote Islands of the
Antarctlic region, but the whalers
30on learned that a fair quantity and
quality of oil could be obtained from
each carcass. So the slaughter be-
gan,and ended only when the species
was commercially exterminated.
The animal found on Guadalupe is
similar to, but not the same species
as thnt of southern waters, but it suffered equally from the attacks of the
More than once it was thought that
thhe last living representative of the
species had been killed; 'hut fate has
dealt more favorably with it than
with the; fur seals; eaich time a nucleus escaped to rebuild the herd.
Theso. tlnlmals still frequent the
original elephant seal beach.a slight
indentation of the northwest shoreline of Guadalupe, where precipitous,
unscalable cliffs wall in the beach on
the back.
Even without the fur seals and elephant seals, Guadalupe would be one
of the most interesting islands of the
wstern hemisphere. The seat has eaten its way into the volcanic materials
of which it ls composed, and exposed
the very hearts of some of the craters. One needs but to sail along
close to shore and examine the great
dike systems, caverns, lava bubbles,
and vents to gain an idea of the tremendous dynamic forces whiich were
once at work here..
The flrst naturalist to visit Guadalupe was Dr. Edward Palmer, in
1875. He camped in one of the cypress groves and described the place
as a partldise. There were a great
many beautiful shrubs and flowering
plants in the moisture belt, and the
birds were so albunrdant and sa tame
that he called it an isle of dreams,
But conditions are vastly changed
now. Guadalupe is a biological
The shrubs and flowering plant:
have been practically exterminated
and for thirty yea'rs no young trees
have had a chance to grow.
By Erwin Greer
TWO boys, brothers, the older
only eleven years of ctge.played
together ln a simply furnished
room. Suddenly they heard steps,
and looking up saw their father enter.
"Here's something for you!" he
said and tossed a buzzing contrivance into the air. With ai whir of
wings the thing flew to the celling,
bumpedt, and fell to the floor.
"What Is it?" the boys cried. "It
fides!" Both jumped for the toy.no-*
lying on the carped. They picked
up the cork, bamboo and paper thing,
twisted Its rubber bands again and
let it go.
Who would halve thought that the
bringing of a toy would change the
ways of men, ginving a new means
proaohiing Its time for general adoption as a universal transportation me
dium. The post office department
has given a convincing demontratlon
of what the flying machine can be
madde to accomplish In saving us
that most precious of all commodities, Time.
Passenger planes capable of carrying a dozen persons will be seen in
the air and regular bookings will be
t-:|ken for Intercity service the same
as for ocean travel or for railway
passage! The passenger plane for
family use, and sport models, will be
marketed and exploited widely. The
airship—which in our country is undergoing developments that augur
well for its continued use, promises
great things for tne niture.
But for personal and individual
transportation witnin cities, between
the office t'nd tne nome und for comfortable travel tnrougu the scenic
oildbeauties of the country, the automobile reigns supreme, thc greatest
deterrent to automobile progress was
ouur one pitiful inadequacy of good
roads. Similarly, the problem of the
airpltinc is the problem of landing
Tihe establishment of landing places
and aerial garages is at this time the
principal concern of the airplane industry: That settled, we' shall see
airplane production mount steadily
until aerial tra;c policemen are a
common sight and the aviation journals begin to discuss the "saturation"
of communication, revolutionize war
thousands of flippers over the hard: and einable explorers to sail at will
blocks and 'bowlders of lava rock over polar Ice or tropic Jungles?
wore them down to the smoothness' Becrluse Bishop Milton Wright,
of polished marble. And there tbey, then flfty years of age, brought home
are today, silent monuments to a help that whlrrligig, that flying top, and
less animal which paid dearly for gave it to his boys, Wilbur and Or-
havlng a skin coveted by man. j vlUe Wright, be  set in motion  the
The great slaughter of the Guadalupe fur seals took place between
1800 and 1830. The hunters then
thought they had killed all the anl.
remarkable train of events that led
his sons in 1903 to Invent the airplane.
Tpday the airplane is rapidly ap-
VICTORIA, Dec. 13.—What the
government and the interior
committee of direction Bhould
do In the face of present threats
against the new marketing law will
be discussed t*t a conference between
T. C. Norris, solicitor of the committee, and government officials here
Wednesday. Pending this conference the government is letting opponents of the marketing act do all the
talking, but the whole marketing situation ls under earnest consideration.
It Ib understood Mr. Norris ls coming to Victoria to seek the cooperation of the government in fighting
the a|ttempt of W. H. Hammond, Ashcroft potato shipper, to have the marketing act declared invalid by the
courts. Whataction the government
will take has not been indicated, but
it is known that the cabinet will welcome a ilntil test of the law's validity.
The request of Mr. Hammond that
the government pay all the expenses
of his legal client has not been considered. After Mr. Norris has explained the views of the committee
of direction and its plans for prosecuting Mr. Hammond, lt ls expected
tho government will decide on whut
part it will tafee In the prosecution.
In all cumin where the constitution-!
ti lit y of a provincial statute Is brougut
Into question it ls the custom of the
government to defend the laws passed by the legislature, whether they
are government bills or not.
The marketing statute is not a government measure, but It has the support of the administration and Hon.
E. D. Barrow, minister of agricul
ture, the real father of the scheme,
has made it clear already thnt viola
tion of the la|w will be strictly proso-
cuted. The cooperation of the gov
ernment with the board in some waj
thus appears assured.
"Growers generally in the Okan.i-
:an are ln favor of the marketing
control act, but till are anxious to
know whether the act is valid," declared G. A. Barrat, secretary-treasurer of the Associated Growers 'if
British Columbia, Mr. Barrat is In
the city witlj T. G. Norris of Ke-
j lowna.
"The growers have done well this
yenr," he said, "but some credit must
be given to the short crops In all
parts of the continent which made a
! poller's market The Okanagan yield
was almost average."
NELSON, Dec. 10.—That the announcement from Victoria that
the government of British Columbia will not agree to the teaching
of Russian in the Doukhobor schools,
Is "intjecurate," is stated by Paul Birukoff, the Kusslan publicist, who
with Harry Vereschagin, administrator of education for the Christian
Community of Universal Brotherhood, recently waited on Premier
MacLean as emissary of Peter Berf;-
gln, the new lender.
"I am sure there bas been a mistake in the dispatch," said Mr. Biru-
kog, when in Nelson from Brilliant,
'"lhe premier, after hearing our representations, said he would not be
able to decide the matter until he
had consulted the legislature, and
said he would re-ceive the govern-
meut'sanswer about the end of January."
Will Teach in English
"It is not with the idea of replacing
EngliBh with Russian for the young
g'euer-.-tion, that we ask to have Russian taught in the Doukhbor schools,"
Mr. Birukog explained. "The ordinary
teaching in the Doukhobor schools
will be in English, of course, and
their young people will all grow up
proficient in that.
"But Russian is the language of
the Doukhobor religion. Their hymns
are in Russian, t.tnd no translations
could possibly convey the thought in
the same rich and poetic way and
have lt preserve the adaptation to
their music. .The Russian language
is the instrument ahd the medium of
theirr  religion.
"At the present juncture the Doukhobor people are very earnest an 1
are filled with new hope in regard .0
their material agairs, under the guidance of their new leader. They are
accepting his e'lvice in all matters
and are cheerfully arranging to send
their children to the schools as he
wishes, accepting his viewpoint.
Fears Bitter Feeling
"It seems to me it would be a great
pity if this feeling were not assited
in every way by the government, and
particultjrly p. pity if lt should be replaced by a new feeling against the
government for attempting, as it
would seem to them, to interfere with
their religion. The Doukhobors have
many times shown how tenaciously
they could adhere to their beliefs
where religion waB involved, ahd it
would be a great pity to evoke such
a feeling. It seems to me that tbis
request of the Doukhobors could well
be  met sympathetically."
Asked why the Doukhobors could
not arrange for the teaching of Russian outside of public school hurra,
tp would be their right, possibly by
nigha school, Mr. Birukoff expressed
the opnlon that such heavy hours
would be against the Interests of tbo
children. If, however, the regular
school day could be shortened, he
thought this suggestion might provide a way out.
Mr. Birukoff, head of a| once flourishing publishing house in Russia,
and the intimate friend and publisher of the late Count Tolstoy, came
to Canada with Mr. Veregin to assist
him with those problems in respect
*o which he could usefully do so. Ho
confesses that he espouses the peaceful Ideas of the Russian mentor.
E'W YORK. Dec. If,.—Stockholders of the Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting & Power company will meet in New York
city December 27 to ratify action of
d rectors in creating a reserve funl
for depletion and depreciation and a
proratti distribution of |432,282,madc
by the dirci tors on July 1, ami to a •
thorize them to make a further proportionate distribution not to exceed
$1,778,408 in the aggregate. The latter sum ia equal to $4 a share.
lf tho action Is approved on Decern
ber  27,  there  will   be  t| distribution
next    May   in    accordance with  the
cash   reserves.   The   meeting  of  tb
shareholders   is   made   necessary   by
the  Canadian   law,  which  denies  tli
distribution   of  divlil"nds    from    reserve, ot Canadian comp;-dnies without   the   authorization of the sin,
holders,  says  the  Wall   Street  Journal.
Contempt putt-'th nn edge upon an
ger more than the hurt itself.—Bacon THE STJN: GBAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
3te i%tmb Jfarka Jmt
ne Year (in Canada anil Great Britain) J1.00
ne Year (in the United States)     1.50
Addresr -** 'cations to
cThr Grand foBK.i Sok
Phonb 101 Grand Fobks, B. Ct
, demonstrated that these irirrors T*ere used by wetting
! the stone antl has shown that the wet poiished sufacc
\ actually reflects the human face so clearly that every
individual hair and the color of the eyes may be seen.
This Indian states that the mirror was used by the Indians when they were painting their faces for dances
and ceremonials in the days before they could buy looking glasses from white men." The specimen will be
sent to the National Museum at Ottawa, Dr. Smith states.
Notes • Notions • Notables
OXFORD, a town of endless interest to countless English people, hiis been twice in the news within a
few days, writes the London correspondent of the Christian Science Monitor. Flirst there was the finding of ci
lhamber six feet below the ground of Merton college,
which is believed to be the oldest structure in Oxford.
The object of the excavations was to locate the lite of
the old church of St. John the liaptsst, which was
either Norman or Saxon, and in 1205 was reportedas
"old tnd ruinous." An anchorite's cell was known to
be attached to the church and it is supposed that this
is the recent discovery. The otlier news was the notice
received by a number of billposters and other firms to
remove fcr-ja c:;;:*.i.o ;rds from Oxford's streets. These
unsightly advertisements have long been the subject of
controversy and it has become increasingly felt thajt
blatant forms of publicity have no place in a cultured,
historic town like Oxford. The recent action apparently indicates a victory for those who want to clet|n up the
town andd restore it to its old-time simplicity and charm.
THE growing practice in Europo of treating coal, from
the scientiiilc' and industrial viewpoint, not as a fuel
but as t| raw material, is pointed out by Basil Miles, administrative commissioner to the International Chamber
Commerce. "The experiments carried out in Germany
to obtain a liquid combustible from coal, based on this
theory," he says, "are tt|klng on more and more importance. The German dye trust now proposes to proceed
with 'its researches on a much larger scale, using a specially installed factory at .Merseturg. It is also announced that numerous Khcno-Westpbalian coal mines
have now founded, with Iho support of the Tar Improvement company, an organlztltlon for the extraction of
liptiid fuel from coal under the Bovgius process. The
ca-pital for tho new coinpany will be 4,000,000 marks."
PICKED up and carried away by a tornado recently,
a sheet of heavy iron roofing was found 50 miles away
from the scene of the wreckage, reports the United
States weather bureau. The tornado tore to pieces a
school bouse at I„apl::*a, Md., and was later traced alon;:
the ground for only fifteen miles. It is believed a whirling vortex in the upper air sustained the pieces of iron
roof on their long journey.
THE career ot Mme. Suzuki, the Japanese woman who
was rated the richest in the world until financial difficulties recently overtook her, 's all the more exceptional when it is understood that ln Japan women are not
supposed to ttjke part in serious business affairs.
AT AST sources of power and light may be obtainable
* from the enormous subterranean wells that are a tea
ture of SOnoma county, California, enabling cities to be
created ln what is now a sparsely populated district. No
longer will this steam, which ls singularly free from impurities, be regarded as scientiqc phenomena and no
more. Wells from 200 to 500 feet deep have already beei,
drilled, closed In and completed. Four of them have r.
capacity averaging 1000 kilowatts. One of the wells pro
duces 500,000 pounds of steam an hour, and the roar oi
the escaping steam can be heard for many miles. Al
though several of the wells hnve now been open for many
months, there has been no decrease in the steam pressure. The construction of suitable power-plant to oper
ate from these wells present considerable tHIBculfaies, but
these are not Insurmountable, as similar apparatus ls
already in use in Italy.
Ilie Spice of Life
A certain hard working farmer had
sent his son to a good preparatory
school so tbat be might early begin
to receive the best instruction. For
Us study of music the boy had to
have & violin, but he was such a little fellow that his teacher thought
that a so-called "half-violin" was all
that was necosstry for him. The
'ather, whoose resources had been
sadly taxed, was loath to part with
the money for the instrument, but
ii-:|lly did so.
The boy made rapid progress, and
became so proficient that a halt-xio-
lln was no longer good enough for
him. Again he went to the music
store with his father, to wbom the
■«ili sma,n showed the entire stock of
violins. The parent was apparently
dissatisfied with all of them, and his
gaze wandered round the shop seeking for something better. Finally he
aaw a violoncello.
"We'll take that huge violin there,"
he said, as a smile of satisfaction
spread over hts countenance. "The
boy won't outgrow that right away!"
Applications for immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by thc City, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Pricest—From $25.09 per lot upwards.
Terms t--Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may be seen at thc
Gity Clerk.
rpHAT sunspot activity during the next three years
•*• will cause "great human activity of the highest im
portance which may change the political chart of thc
world," is the prediction of Prof. A. L. Tchijevsky of the
Moscow astronomical observatory. He declares that sun-
spots tend to excite human nervous systems and arouse
masses of people to extraordinary activity, and that mo-I
great wars and political crises have occurred during
periods of maximum sunspots.
On arriving In Manchester, says
Tit-Bits, a man who was fond of playing practical Jokes tent a telegram
to a friend In London that read:.."I
am .perqectly .well." .The charge*
were "collect."
The Information must have been
gratifying, for about a week later the
joker received an express package on
which he wat obliged to pay heavy
charges.., Opening .it, he found a
large street paving block upon which
was patted the following message:
"Thlt It the weight your telegram
lifted from my heart."
rr«HE role that Is now considered liy most actresses to rpHB white horse on Bratton down, Westbury Wilts
A be the world's greatest emotional pa t-CiunilIe-on.ee 1 England, one of tbe largest landmarks of the kind In
went begging for some one to play it, points out a noted j the  country, cs  btllly ln need  of cleaning.   The chalk
surface has become more or less overgrown with weeds,
and many of the border stones have ibeen dislodged and
rolled down the hill, apparently by uicnic parties. West-
bpry urban district council has recently considered thc
question of cleaning., and mule representations to tht
estate agont of Lord Path, who owns the land, and it ti
DXpected that the work of renovation will shortly begin
The horso is still well defined, and its shape preserved,
md only the usual p?rlodlci(i cleaning and replacing of
: number of border stones ls neceseary. This horse is
170 feet from the uoc8e to the tail, and 160 feet from ear
o feet. Tradition, asserts that it was flrst cut to com-
nomoi-ato King Alfred's victory over the Danes ajt Ethan-
actress in an article in Liberty. "When it was first
written the part wtis refused by every actress in Paris,"
the w iter explains. "Then after it had gone begging
for months, it was picked and played by -Madame Eugenie Uoche, who needed a part very badly boccruse she
han been ill and og tbe stage for a long time. So Madame Doche goes down in history ar, the flmst to play
Qamllles Since then," the writer continues, "it is probably true that Caniiile litis been played by more and
greater actresses than any othe    n ik   world,   lt
was the part thi It won Siarah Bernhardt her first universal praise. Tleanora Muse played thc part to cheers and
tears, 'although quite differently. And there were so
many others—Helena*, Modjeska, Clara Morris, Rejane,
Fanny Davenport, Nance O'Neill, Olga Nethersole, Margaret Anglln, Ethel Barrynipre. No wonder that Camille
has been called the world's greatest emotinnal role."
rPHE most illiterate country in the world is Nt|tal, South
Africa, where 94.8 per cent of the natives can neither
COMMERCIAL electricity has been described variously
as   juice,    blue magic, bottled lightning, etc.   In the
ana'lytical realm of federal statistics, however, .it rathe:
takes on the guise of lunipless coal, ;.reaseless oil, knot
less timber, dry water, and  flaineies- gas.   Coal, water,
oil, wood and gas ure the Ingredient!- of elctricity or are
the ere: | ive sources of it in the production of power.
In the production of some eight hundred million horsepower  or  73,791,000,000  kilowatt  hours  in     the    United
States, 64.5 per cent of the energy was generated by th-'
use of fuels and the remainder by vater power, accord
ing to the department of the interior.   Of the fuels, coal
was tho leader, producing 90 per cant of the manufactured energy;   oil, gtis and wood to I pled  the remaininv
10 per cent.
ead nor write.   Egypt and Guatemala are neck tnd neck
or second place, with 92.7 per cent each.
THE automobile has been responsible for the develop
ment of a sturdlor antl Incidental y a smarter race
of roosters and chickens, according to Richard C. Hal-
deman, president of the Pennsylvania Motord federation.
Haldeman asserts that the large number of chickens
killed on the roads during the early days of the automobile age weeded out "mentally *:iflt roosters ana
hens." He t|;serts that, instead of being blamed for the
chickens that are still killed, tbo motorists should be
thanked, for tbey are aiding the farmer in developing
a .better grade of fowls,
WEISSENBACH, a small town In (lie Austrkm province of fltyrla, has the distinction of being ruled by
a mayor wbo was chosen by lot. The city council fulled
to elect a mayor because every pote resulted in a He.
Tho coujioilnien then decided to drat* for the position
of a mtyor. As a result llorr Wenninger, a director In
a local factory, became mayor while ona of bis workmen
becair.o vice-mayor. Wehnlnger is a Conservatlve.whlle
his vice-mayor is a .Socialist.
UNL'Ell t| decree of tbs Hungarian minister of tbe interior women urn prohibled from entering card clubs
of.an." sort. Women, be declared, a:a more realou:'
gamblers than men and loss aide to retrain their fighting I'ustlnots. iiis action wns taken : fter a hair-pulling
fray between the wife of an official and an actress at
Budap:.!;t. Thu minister announced that he meant to
sti|mp ou'. all clubs in the city ln which gambling is the
main object.
Poems From EasternLands
A jackknife in the bushes, a search
and an insinuation of theft had precipitated a noisy quatrrel among the
boys of Mutton Hollow school. The
teacher was Investigating tho affair.
"Budd," she began, "did you lose,
your knife?"
Budd nodded.
"And you accused Tom Withers of
taking lt?" \
"Ain't a-sayin' nobody took nothing," explained Budd gruffly. All I
say is that I'd have found the knife!
ef Tom hadn't of helped me hunt tin
it." !
Jimmy, the young son of Mr. and|
Mrs. George D. Jackson, will be si:*,
years old In January and ready for
scholl. instead of being happy over
the prospect, Jimmy does not wain to
go. The following conversation recently took place between the youngster and his mother:
"Mother, I'm not going to school."
"But, Jim, how can you get out of
lt? All little boys and girls have to
go to school."
"We—11, I'll just get Bob take a
note to the teacher and say, 'Jim
died laet week.'"
Sometimes the informality
of the spoken word
is more effective
than a letter.
British   Coluii. bia   Telephone
Conx pany
Come is the autumn of my life, alas, it thus should pass
I have not reached the dawn of joy, to horrow's night
there is uo day.
Time after time the imite of her cheek falls on my tear-
filled eye;
Ah! no pretensions to**#steem can shadows in thewater
Oh! whither will these winds of Fate impel the frail
barque of the heart?
Nor bound nor shore confining girds Time's dreary oce*n
of dismay!
n*A ncient History
In tho competition in connection with the Northwest
'ruiit Growers' convention at Vancouver, j. D. Honu-
lerger of Orand Forks won the gold medal for the best
ive boxes of apples, and the bronze medal in the same
lnss went to T. G. Earle of Lytton.
AN Indian  mirror,  made of a thin  slab of highly pol-
i ;<icd~blac stone, wilh one end narrowed to form
! in■■. itiiont handle, litis boon discovered near Hazelton,
this province, by an archaeological expedition of the Ca-
nijliian government.   The mirror was found dn the pre-
.-,   of   ftxs  an lent  Gtisan   Indian  village  site,
'   iii, Canadian archaeologist, states In   -,:,
"i        ul    tion  to Science Service.   "These    extremely
rare specii ens are -Wnown to have been used in prehistoric times by the totem pole Indians of the Slteent, valley,"'Ur. Binitli v,rl-«ls*""(lne of Ibe Hazelton Indians has
A. D, Morrison has on exhibition at his store a very
ine photo of his lttst summer's grape crop on the vine,
'his is the third year he has raised a crop successfully
rom the same vine, which ls growing in his garden at
ds West end home. The crop this year amounted to
.hout 70 pounds to the single vine.
A. B. Slonn, who has conducted the Windsor cafe for
'.bout 13 months, this week retired froom the manage-
nent of the house, and Charles Ftaser will hereafter
un Ibe dining-room of the hotel.
Locally, the journalistic outlook Js brightening. The
Sun's contemporary, with the recent addition to its stag
of practical men from Winnipeg, Toronto and New York
who are ably assisted by a number of barristers and
aspiring politicians—apd a few office seekers who have
not yet made up their minds with which party to ally
themselves—should accomplish Herculean wonders, and
it is not. unreasonable to anticipate the/t th0 gaping voids
between the lines in that paper will, at a period not too
remote for the edification cf the present generation, be
filled with interesting and instructive reading. Jn the
mctintlme, The Sun's stag Is the same as it was seven
years ago, and rit has proven to be so satisfactory that
it will proobably be retained as long as the members
desire to remi|in In Grand Forks.
"We haive all heard of the old-fashioned woman who Bang one or more
verBes of 'Nearer, My God to Thee' to
determine the exact moment when
the 'boiled eggs wero properly done,"
wrles Pansy of Upbana, "but it re-
malnedd for a modern flapper to give
us a new and practical idea on the
"Recently married, she was being
'razzed' about her Inability to cook,
and her 'brother remarked, 'Why, Bhe
can't even cook eggs!'
" 'I cap, too,' she said, 'I smoke one
cige|retta for soft, two for medium
and three for hard-boiled!'"
In hit new biography of Abraham
Lincoln Prof. Nathaniel Wright Ste.
uhenton tells an amuting ttory about
a certain important midday conference .at .the White Houte at which
Lincoln't .pretence ..wat abiolutely
During the conference Mrt. Lincoln tent word that dinner wat ready
The .president ..paid .no heed .Another message he alto Ignored..Pret-
tently Mrt. Lincoln herself arrived,
"a ruffled, angry little figure"; thereupon her husband lifted her calmly
In hie arms, carried her outside an,d
depotlting her on the floor, thut the
door In her face...She did not return."
UpMM r
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundarv
paper   $1.00 per year
ikwiet Russia Now Plans Bigger
Wool Production
A Hussion family of the prosperous farming petuanl class.
"Sire," stuid the grand vizier of a
certain Oriental potentate, "I Bug-'
gest that in the future we buy our
automobiles from the Weistern company that has just offered us a 30
per cent discount." j
"Good!" said the potentate. "Order'
a sonsignment of five hundred eluto-
moblles, assorted sizes, at once, and
tell the company to Bend us a check
for the discount by return mail, and
the bill will be settled ln due course."
When one man meets another that
he   is   said   to look like he usually
I Bweafrs.
Tho visit to the United States, at
this time, of Michael S. Pereferko-
iltsh, manager of the live-stock department of the Soviet Russian government, Prof. Michel F. Ivanoff of
a Moscow agricultural university,
and N. N. Klebnik, official interpreter, carries with it all the significance of a step tc progressive and
modern methods ln the new Russia.
According to theso three representatives ot the Soviet government,
Russia now has about 80,000,000
sheep and hundreds of millions of
head of other live stock.
Ramboulllet rams have been purchased by them, not to Increase the
number of sheep, but to Improve
Quality. It is expected tbat a better
grade ot wool will be produced by
crossing of breeds. In this connection, sheep shearing machinery was
bought to supplant the old-time hand
blade;- This ln Itself ls expected to
.nore:.'. the wool crop about 1%, not
becauq,! tho machine shears closer
than hsvnd blades, but because lt removes the wool evenly and ln an
unbroken blanket, leaving no rldget
on the sheep,  ft
Russia la anxious to enlarge Its
•lextlle business with a view to prefacing Its owa wool for manufac
turing purposes. Another committee
from that country has been studying
textile mills ln Pennsylvania and
Admittedly, there ls great need ln
Russia for farming Implements at.
tne Russian farmer now has practically all '.lie land he wants, but Is
unable to develop all of his ground
because of lack of farm machinery.
Another great need Ib dairy ma-
chinery'such as milking machinet),
cream separators, pasteurizing machinery, horse and cow clipping ma
chines and butter-making machinery.
M. Pereferkovitsh said he Intended
to buy more than 6,000 uhecp, but
owing to misinformation au to the
best fc-uying season, he arrived ln this
country too late to get all he wished,
and so expects that next year as
many as twenty men will be sent to
this country to make these purchases.
Russia ls doing everything possible
to Improve farming and dairying
methods. Graduates of agricultural
schools are teaching farmers snt
dairymen modern methods and the
use of modern machinery.
Many things point to Russia ac
one of the world's great future
sources of dairy products. THE SUN: GBAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
The recent discovery, ln Worcester, Mass., of a fifth copy of the flrst
edition of Poe's "Tamerlane," published just a century ago, lends a
timely intetrest to tile mystery that
for years surrounded the disappearance of the edition and Its publisher.
More than any other volume fn
America* bcflles-lettres, tbls particular volume Is Bought by dealers and
collectors, and it is an extraordinary
fact that in the sixty-five years that
have elapsed since the discovery of
tiheflrst copy only five ln all have
come to light. A copy sold clt auction in New York in 1919 brought
The title Page of the tiny book
reads, "Tamerlane and Other Poems,
by a Bostonian," followed by a Quotation from Cowper, the imprint of
thel publisher, Calvin F. S. Thomas
of Boston, and the date, 1827. In Its
original state the book appeared in
tea-colored wrappers, on the front
ot which the title page is repeated.
It wps tho first published performance °t Edgar Allan Poe.
Thomas was a job printer at Washington ahd State streets, Boston, and
may have god-fathered other volumes,
although no other book bearing his
Imprint has yet been found. How
many copl<B of "Tamerlane" he
printed is not known, but It is assumed that several hundred came
from the press, and there iB a legend
to the effect thnt, when only a dozen
had been sold, I'oe called, in and destroyed the rest. That is a plausible
tale to account for the rarity of the
volume., but it rests on no sure foundation.
Thomas.of no earthly Interest save
for his connection with Poe, is an almost legendary figure among book
collectors. He is known to have removed to the west and is said to
have died in Springfield, Ohio, as late
as 1876, wherehls daughter, Marthai
Thomas Booth, was still living in
1884. There is, however, nothing lo
indicate tb-at he ever mentioned an
acqjualntance with Poe, and many
students of the problem bellevei that
the author of "Taimerlane and Other
Poems" was known to him under another name, or by no name at all. It
ls to be remembered that the book
was published anonymously.
The first copy of "Tan*erlane55 to
be discovered is in tha British Museum. It was sold to the museum in
I860 by Henry Stevens, or Vii-monl,
for ono thilllng, while Stevens wus
acting H3 a s.rt of agent in Ar.ierlcr
for the museum authoritios. This
copy lacks the wrapjlars and hosoeu
A second <o;y was found by a Bos
tou bookse Ier and cold at auction ii,
1892, realizing $1S50. It flnrlly fo.'h
its way, tegether with anothr copy,
into the famous library of Henry E
Huntington. ,
The fo.trth copy to be dis-overec
came to light about 1914; the luck.-
finder was P. K. Foley, a, bookseller
The fifth find latest copy to be turn
ed up was the possession of Mrs. A
S. Dodd of Worcester, Mass., and
was sold by Goodspeed's book shop
of Boston, for a sum that has no;
been made public. It was presi ntec.
In 18"4 to t, girl of ten, by a frlenc*
only sllwht'y older, and ls still ln tin
finest condition. That still othei
copies of fhe excessively rare booklu:
exist, somewhere,' ts a fascinatinr
possibility, and dealers and collector,
continue the search with tireless en
West Indies Cruise of Recaptured Adventure
The Philadelphia Public Ledger
says that a lanky youth persisted fit
sticking his head out of the window
of a railway coach.
The brakeman, who wt|s passim?
through the coach, saw him in thit
dangerous osition and topuched tht
youth on the back.
"Better keep your head Insidti the
window,"   advised   the   brakeman.
"I kin look out the winder if I wan;
to," answered the youth.
"I know you can," warned thc
brtikuman. "But if damage any of
the  ironwork  on  the  bridges  you'l
Old Professor "Emmy" was oue o
the most absent-minded men win
tiver lived. One day he went to Nov
York to an important meeting. Th'
train was late, and whon he came
out of the old Grand Union siatioi
popped Into a cab and called to tin
cabby, "Drive fast!"
Og they went at a gallop, with the
cab swaying from side to side ant"
the professor bouncing about and occasionally striking his head on the
Finally after a particularly vicious
bump he glanced at his watch, looked
perplexedly into the unfamiliar
street and then, sticking his head out
of the window, cried, "Hey, where
are you going?"
"I don't know," the cayby yelled
back, but I sure am drlvln' fast!"
According to a London paper, the
Ttie   mMsONTRt.xflSL.''
Four hundred years of strife with
piracy and rioting are encompassed in the history of the islands
of the Spanish Main. For all these
iirijjht islands are monuments of
the days of conquest of explorers
and pirates. The West Indies mirror
the world in miniature or the way
of thc world, and one sees them
today lying peaceful under tropical
A modern voyage of re-discovery
is no longer a matter of years or even
months aa is emphasized by the
schedule of the proposed cruises to
this region of romance by the
Canadian Pacific liner Montroyal
which sails from New York on January 26 and February 29, each returning in 29 days.
Judging by the popularity of
these cruises, the West Indies are
still as tempting as they were to
Columbus, Ponce de Leon, Drake,
Cortes, Hawkins and a hundred
others. Although there remain
today , - pirates, no rich galleons
to Back, few buried treasures to Beck,
there still remains tho braein-; air on
silver seas, the beauties of coral
islands, and of tropical life and many
evidences of a historic past. Even
in the matter of buried treasure
everyone would like to surprise the
world as did Lieut. George Williams
who found amid some old ruins of
Panama last year, by means of a
violet ray detecting instrument, a
treasure worth $50,000. This mass
of gold and jewels was unearthed
on the site of San Jose Church
which was destroyed in 1671 by
pirates under Sir Henry Morgan.
Every spot on the west Indies
cruises offers living testimony of a
connection with the Old World.
There is Cub , the beautilul Islund:
CelPT.  */ cfrOtJO-tS, (p./V.lPl
once the pride of Spain; Jamaica,
headquarters in the old days of
famous pirates; Panama, the former
highway of Spanish treasure trains
and now a name of the world's
createst canal; Colombia, stronghold of Hispaniola; Curacao, a
little bit of Holland in the Caribbean; Porto Rico, where Columbus
rested and whence Ponce de Leon
set forth to find the Fountain of
Youth; Nassau, in the Bahamas,
v.-itli its coral formations and sea
; ardens and Bermuda, the "Isle of
the Blest". Such names as these
recall exciting days of the past and
furnish highlisrhts in a vovsge of
racapttired adventure.
JASPER PARK LODGE, ta Jasper National Park, Alberta, is
ideally situated aB a convenient
center from which to climb mountains, traverse trails and motor
roads, or embark on Ashing and
hunting expeditions; while golf,
tennis, boating and bathing are
right at its door.
For those who have just a short
time to spend in the Park there are
miles and miles of motor roads
through winding valleys and up
mountain grades, along the shores
of swift rivers and past quiet lakes,
to mountain, glacier and canyon.
- Towering above all other peaka
in the vicinity is stately Mount
Edith Cavell, its crown of snow
reaching a height of 11,033 feet.
From Jasper or the Lodge Mount
Edith Cavell is in full view, but it
is only by travelling the eighteen
miles to Lake Cavell, nestling at
the foot of the mountain, that one
can really see all the wonders of
this now famous mountain named
for that heroic British nurse, Edith
Cavell, heroine of the Great War.
The peculiar formation of a glacier on tho side of Mount Edith Cavell adds to the interest of the
place. In n cirque between the
mountain and the shoulder extending to the north is a hanging glacier covering about a third of a
square mile. An ice fall about
three hundred feet wide connects
this with another glacier five hundred feet below; the Irregular
shape of which extends along the
foot of the cliffs for mors than a
mile. This mass 'of ice presents
the form of an angel With   out
stretched wings and has been aptly
named "Glacier of the Ghost." At
another point on the mountain a
combination of rock and snow
forms what appears to be a aide
view of the head of a turbanned
oriental knight. In photographs
taken from Chak Peak thiB formation is plainly discernible.
The road to Mount Cavell ia
along the valley of the Athabasca
River, across the turbulent Miette
River, Whistlers and Portal creeks,
continuing across the historical
Astoria River, which it follows ta
a southwest direction at the same
time climbing the lower slopes of
the mountain and finally reaching
the shores of Lake Cavell. Many
stops should be made en route to
view such interesting features as
the natural hoodoos with their flat
stone hats just along the slope below the road.
Half an hour by motor from Jasper Park Lodge, with mirror-like
lakes reflecting the ragged outline
of forest and mountain for mile
posts, brings one to Maligne Can
yon. The scenery along this grad
ually ascending and winding roadway is unsurpassable. Skirting
innumerable little lakes, each of a
different hue from the light yellow
of Ochre Lake to the opal-like
coloring of Lake Edith with its
sandy beach for bathing, the road
winds round above the Athabasca
Valley and thence to Maligne River
close to the Canyon.
Following the rocky path of the
Maligne River for a short distance
one comes to the mouth of the
canyon through which great rushes
of water have been passing for
many hundreds of years wearing
away the rocks to a depth of two
hundred feet ta places. The canyon is a mile and a half long and is
so narrow and irregular that ta
many places it is impossible to Bee
the river flowing along far below.
The water enters this huge crevice
with a fall of seventy-five feet and
goes tumbling tbrough with a
sullen roar.
Along the sides of the canyon
are huge pot-holes, testifying to the
velocity of the water and its erosive quality during tbe centuries.
Near the top are great dents ta the
rock worn smooth and now covered
with moss, and on shelves of rock
fifty feet or so below the surface
are evergreens fighting for life
with barely a foothold ta the rock.
Plainly discernible from the rustic bridges built across the canyon so that the falls and river below may be viewed with safety, are
stretches of rock wall beautifully
■•ari-colored, and where the river
cannot be seen ta the dark cavern
below it sends its rumbling message to the top.
The mystery of Medicine Lake
and the subterranean stream that
joins the river below Maligne Canyon is intensely interesting and
the rock formation around th«
lake is well worth the journey of
ten miles from the Canyon to see.
Canada's most northerly national
park is fast becoming one of tbe
most popular playgrounds of the
Dominion and every • tourist who
visits there becomes an ardent advertiser.
Lady'h Magazine for 1789 contained
the following comprehensive advertisement: "Wanted, for. a sober
fafnily, a man of light weight who
fears the Lord and can drive a pair
of horses. He must occasionally
wait at table, join in household prayer, look after horses, and read achap-
ter ln the Bible. ;He must rise al
seven in the morning, obey his mas-
People take The^ Sun
because they ||believe
it is worth the price we
charge* for it. It is
therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents, including
advertisments. This
is not always the case
wifh newspapers that
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
'ERTIilNe— ,
Advertising "to help
the edito •." Hut we do
want busJnessadver- is-
ing by progressive business men who know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If you bave something to offer lhe public thai wi" i-*
them and jou ; s v ell,
the l.et* spaper r nclic
mote people thai a bill
ter and mistress in all lawful commands, and tf he can dress hair.slng
psalms, and piety at crlbbagc, so
much the better. Wages, fifteen
guineas a year."
pnd if you have the
goods you cnn do business with them THE SUN: GBAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
Mrs. S. Kidwell left on Wednesday
for Nelson and Revelstoke.
Ihe stores e;re beginning to make
their window displays for the holiday
Mr. and Mrs. John Kenyon have returned to the city from their wedding tour.
The skating rink opened last night
for the season under the management of Chief Docksteder.
No news has yet been received of
A. E. Kipping, who has been missing
from his West emi home for the past
two weeks.
. W. M. Hersee, of tbe Intern:I'.ionul
Bible Students' association, delivered an Interesting lecture last night
In the Empress theater to a fair-sized
The new compiicction is coused by i
:he ccntention of the West Kootenay
ro* IM- & Light c-o-..---~--iy that in a
lej,al seiisa it is not selling power to
Gri tnd Forks. It explains that a subsidiary company, the South Kootenay
Power company, deals with Grand
Forks and some other cities. Under
the water act it ls contended the
water board has control only over the
parent comptmy, as it holds water
rrghts and licenses from the crown.
Grand Forks disputes this contention
and is expected to argue against it
iin the courts.
e>nt by the ddeath of C. R. Hosmer,
and W. A. Elack wns appointed to
the board of directors, filling the vacancy also made vacant by the death
of Mr. Hosmer..
The year's operations were considered satisfactory by the board and
it was also stdted that there were no
unsold metal stocks on hand. Notwithstanding there had been a falling off in the prices of metals during
the past year, increased production
had overcome this handicap, and the
profits would not fall short of last
year's earnings.
Information received from Vancou
ver this week stated that Ahrc.r.
Mooyboer had undergone an operation and that his condition was critical at the time the news was sent
Tbo snowfall during the past week
has heen sullieient to make good
sleighing; in fact, it rs deep enougb
at present to make half E| doien good
sleighihgs, To make the ctatement
still plainer, it was the heaviest snow
fall that the oldest inhabitant can remember having been mixed up with.
William' (Maxwell Smith, aged GS
years, farmer of Deroche, and old
tinie politico' war horse, was found
dead in his bed about S o'clock last
Monday night. Mr. Smith was well
known to all the old-timers of Grand
Forks. The Mission coroner, Dr. 15
J. Eacrett, and Police Corporal G. .1
Duncan were called and immediately
went to the house. Dr. E:|::rett de
e'ded that an inpuest was not nece:,
sary, as Mr. Smith had evidently dice,
from heart disease.
A dispatch from Victoria says th.
T. (}. Norris, solicitor of the interior]-
committee of direction, will confc
with olilciaif, ot the government on
the si!nation whicli bus resulted Iron,
the threat against tlio now marketing act by W. II. Hammond of Ash
croft. With the committee of direc
tion determined to prosecute the act,
it is understood, Mr. Norris will seel;
cooperation of the government in
these proceedings. Meiinwhile,
members of the government are silent on the whole matter.
Thi eaten to Let
Ashcroft Lud
Go Wild Again
ASHCiROFT, Dec. 14— lbe Ashcroft and District board of
trade at a representative moot
ing, after full discussion of the present egoct of marketing oontrol operations on the potaio crop of the district, has passed ihe following resolution unanimously:
That the market control committee be agi'in requested to lift all restrictions as agectlng the potaio crop
of this district as in the caae of Order Number Seventy-nine, affecting
Mcintosh apples, p.ud previous order
affecttlng cherries to same effect.
Unless this is done at once, thera will
positively be no crop put in next
spring, resulting in present irrigated
U'ads again becoming wild and many
growers   irretrievably   ruined.
Wo strongiy urge immediate and
eifective action in order that tlie pres
ent crop may be salvaged as far as
possible, and that :oples of this resolution be sent to 'he market control
committee snd to the premier.
'.•vscst shipment of live
fo::es to leave North America for
ti- European market sinco the in-
dii •■'-•■ has been developed left
Charlottetown in a consignment of
1,000, bound for Norway, via Halifax. These animals are valued at
from S.'niH to $1,500 a pair, and the
entire shipment is valued at appro., imately half a million dollars.
In order to afford every facility for
the mailing of Christmas parcels, the
post office will remain open Wednesday afternoon the 14th and also on
the 21st, the usual closing period being waived on these two dates.
Her Grace the Duchess of Atholl,
prominent British peeress and Parliamentarian, was the central figure- recently at the launching on the
Clyde, Scotland, of the first of
the four new Canadian Pacific
"Duchess" ships—the 20,000-ton
passenger liner "Duchess of Atholl."
These vessels will go into the Canadian Pacific Atlantic passenger
The elaborate figurehead of the
"Empress of Japan," the first
trans-Pacific liner on the Canadian
Pacific, has been mounted in Stanley Park, Vancouver. The "Empress
of Japan" was a clipper type steamer and the largest and fastest vessel, navigating the Pacific. The
figurehead was presented to the
Vancouver Parks Board as a historic relic of that great port.
Earnings of
ONTREAL, Dec. 14.—General
Manager S. <3. Iilaylock, of
tbe Consolidated Mining &
Smelting Company of Canada, was
today namedd on;,  of the vice-presi-
'Ordinarily Christmas comes bu!
once a year. This year, it will come
twice, a phenomenon resulting fron
the circumstances that December 'l'..
falls on Sunday. TJhere isn't a child
in the city who won't celebrate
Christinus at the earliest moment
possible on Sunday morning. Bu'
sinco public offices, banks and retell
establish men is are closed on Sundu
the year round, they will not have a.
opportunity to mark tho holiday un
til Monday, Decemlber ... Hence,
legally, December 26 will also be
Pot .to bit ua lion
Before Victoria
VICTORIA, Dec. 13.—Efforts of
Grand Porks, backed by the
Pinion of i.ritlsh Columbia Mu-
nloi.pt(Utleo, to force tiie provincial
water board to act as a public utilities commission fixing electrical power raton, hilt a snag when the West
Kootenay Power ti Light company
refused to file with the board the
power tariffs onforced in Interior
citle-,. It h:|l lieen understood that
the company would ills Us tolls m
compliance with Qrand Porks' request, but I' was announced today
i ni/ rinr power concern
decided    againBt    this
the b
. ■    1!
for. i
J    , '.!       I 0
'. Co :o Court
Cor :ho wilier board to
..;> :ny to vie its tolh, lt
d. If Grand Forks wishes
lo pr-vcev] v,'ilh tbe matter 'it will
hav,,. to take action in tbe courts to
for.: iha i (..' pany's compliance with
its request for full details of its operations generally in the Interior.
(is; | id Forks already has 'indicated
thai. It v.ould take mandamus pro-
ceedlnga to secure the filinb of the
des-ir i infomatlon with the water
board. ', hir, action by the Boundary
cily is row expected.
Legal Complications
1Ue now development has brouvht
lo iisl.t an nterestihg legal complication in the whole question of the
Wller board'H functions—a pestion
which will elad to a full discussion
ln the legislature of the advisability
of creating a public utility comuiis
sion in this province.
dents of the co-*
of    tbs    director.
yearly I'.'vidend oi
per share ponus *.
ls.ting lor tlle ye.
$10 'bonus.    Both
are payable Jamie,
ers dn record on E .member 31.
W. L. Matthews  was  named  vice-
president, taking .lie place made va-
any if. a meeting
Ido usual half
ii per cent and $5
:.i declared, aggro-
* 10 per cent and
anus and dividend
y 16 to sharebold-
A special train of six cars carrying pure bred swine and sheep for
exhibition and instruction purpose
is now travelling through Southern
Saskatchewan over the Canadian
Pacific Railway. The stock is supplied by the Provincial Department
of Agriculture, the Dominion Livestock Branch, Stockyard Companies,
Packers and Breeders — all high-
class stock. Lectures dealing with
the breeding, feeding and management of sheep and swine are given
by experts.
Through the auspices of the Canada Colonization Association, 509
families, consisting of 2,799 perr,ons,
were settled in Canada on 130,928
acres of land from January 1st to
Oetober 31st. The settlement of
these families was personally supervised by officials of the Association, who completed the contracts,
inspected the lands and clos?d transactions. It is expected that 100 additional families will be settled before the end of the year. Since its
start, the Canada Colonization Association (a subsidiary of the De-
!partment of Colonization and Development, Canadian Pacific kail-
way), has settled 2,227 families on
654,189 acres and there are still
settlement opportunities on 296,500
acres for 1,104 families. Tbs percentage of success in those settlements is unusually high, being 100
per ceut in Alberta and 99.1*10 in
sress Cargo Steamers For C. P.
The fourth of tho five 10,000 ton cargo steamers under construction in the
Old Country forthe Atlantic service ofthe Canadian Pacific was launched
recently from the yards of Messrs. Barclay, Curie and Co., Glasgow. With
appropriate ceremonies and in the presence of a large gathering of Canadian
Pacific Officials, the new ship waa christened the "Beaverhill" by Miss Mavis
Gillies, (inset) daughter of Captain James Gillies, general manager of the
Canadian Pacific Steamships Ltd.
When these new steamers are delivered, the Canadian Pacific cargo
fleet will be augmented by five of the highest type of express cargo steamers
and capable of maintaining a speed of 14 knots an hour, which is regarded as
exceptional for cargo steamers. The marked growth of ocean trade between
Great Britain and Canada via the St. Lawrence route, has prompted the
Canadian Pacific to augment their freight service to this extent. These vessels
will be used to mai ltain a weeklv service between Canadian ports and those in
Great Britain and on the Continent.
The new freighter, like her sister ships the Bcaverburn, Beaverdale,
Beaverford and Beaverbrae, is 520 feet in length 61 and a half feet in width
with a deadweight carrying caps'.' it-jt ri approximately 10,000 tons and load
draft of 2T feet; but sbould a reed t ras r,s much v.ti 13,000 tons may be carriec
on the maximum load draf'. Tre at': e v. ''1! be driven by twin screw
Get Your
Pack your gifts with the same care
that you used in selection. Your parcel might be placed ln the bottom of
tiie mail bag, the bag at the bottom
of a pile. Take time. Use extra
packing mtiterlalaiid heavy wrap
i'.ng paper. It may cost a little
i .ore, perhaps a few cents, but will
belp to ensure safe delivery. Pack
Adress your parcels, letters and
tost cards legibly, ttnd to street and
lumber. At this season nf the year
ull post office staffs and equipment
will be taxed to capacity. Help us
c'.ve prompt service by using pen and
Ink. Block and printed letters are1
deslrcible, as they are more easily
rjad.   Address fully.
Mail must be posted in plenty of
lime. Ilhere are unavoidable delays
snd congestions of mails which hinder delivery. Somehow a gift delivered after Christmas looses charm
Avoid disappointment. Mail early,
snd ensure safe, sure prompt delivery.
Thei publi2 ls informed that all par-
; els intended for delivery before
Christmas should be mailed at the
Grand Forks post olliee on or before
the following de|tes: Parcels addressed Maritime provinces, Dec.
13; Quebec, Dec. 14; Ontario, Dec.
15; Manitoba, Dec. 16; Saskatchewan, Dec. 17; Alberta, Dec. 17; British Columbia, coast and interlor.Dec.
19; British Columbia, loctll, Dec. 20.
Insure all parcels of value.
Litle Tommy had a sore toe, so his
mother thought this a good opportunity to make him eat his cereal.
."Tommy," she said, "if you eat
your oatmeal, It will cure your toe"
Shortly afterward Tommy came to
his mother with a very disgusted air.
"I tlte my cereal," he said, "but my
toe isn't any better. I guess the
darn stuff went down the wrong leg."
You ctjii't tell much about a woman
by the things that appeal to her
tense of humor.
K/LKDTKNDKI-S will be- received bv the
M inlsier ol Lax-lii Bl Victoria. H C , not lati-r
' has noon on tlie 2nd tlu- ol Jmiuury, 19-8,
for the purclmsc of l.lceuce X9-87 to ent
:' 111,001) F.H.M. of Flr, Larch. Bprm-e uiidOt-iiai;
6:1,450 Hewn Ties, 2.000 Coral of Conlwoil,
nn'l 120,000 Cedar Pnttt on an area *'tuatid
on Fourth July -sri-ek, 5J^ niilen weat ol Urand
Fori,a, Knoletiay District.
Two (2) yeara will be allowed lor removal
of timber. •
Ftirn.ei purlieu lara of the Culc   Forester
Viitoriu, H.C.,or lllstrlet Foriater, Nf tou.
Phone 10
Try our Special Tea
-7s at 65c per lb
Shoes, Shirts, Overalls
Good. values for .your
Call and see jus before
General Merchant
Transfer Co.
City Hag-gage and General
foal,   Wood and   Ice
for Sale
Office  at   R.  F.  Petrie'i Store
Phone 64
at the
Phone 25
"Service and Quality"
E.G. Henniger Go.
Grain, Ray
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
CiM lent and Plaster
Poultry Su optics
Grand   Forks, !». C.
THE value of well-
printed, neat appearing stationery as
a mcaneof getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
Wedding invitations
Bail programs
Business cards
Vi 'ng cards
Sh':   iug tags
Price lists
New Type
Latest Style
Colombia Avenue aad
lake Street
Vacant unreserved,surveyed Crowu
lands may be pre-empted by urltiati
subjects over 18 years ot age, and by
aliens on declaring Intention to become British subjects, conditional
upon residence, occupation and im-
ment for agricultural  purposes.
Full intormatiou concerning regu- '
lations regarding preemptions la
given In Bulletin No. 1 Land Series,
"How to i're-enipt Land," copies ot
which can be obtained free of charge
by addressing the Department of
Lands, Viivtoria, B. C, or any Government Agent
Records will be made covering only
land suitable for agricultural purposes, and which is not timberland,
i.e., carrying over 6,000 board feet
per acre west of the Coast Range,
and 8,000 feet per acre east of that
Applications for pre-emptions are
to be addressed to the Land Commissioner of the Land Recording Division, in which Uie land applied for
is situated, and are made on printed
forms, copies of which can be obtained from the Land commissioner.
Pre-emptions must be occupied tor
five years wud improvements made to
the value of $lo per acre, including
clearing and cultivating at least live
acres, before a Crown Grant ca|n be
For more detailed information see
the Bulletin "How to Pre-empt Land."
Applications are received for purchase of vacant and unreserved
Crown Lands, not being timberland,
for agricultural purposes; minimum
price of first-class (arable) land is
t6 per a)cre, and second-class (grazing) land t'-M per acre. Further
information regarding purchase or
lease of Crown land is given in Bulletin No. 10, Land Series, "Purchase
and Lease of Crown L^uUs."
'Mill, factory, or Industrial sites on
timber land, not exceeding 40 acres,
may be purchased or leased, on conditions including payment of stump-
Unsurveyed   areas,   not exceeding
20 acres, may be leased as homesites,
conditional upon a   dwelling   being
erected in thei flrst year, title being
obtainable   after   residence and improvement    conditions    a-re fulfilled
and land bas been surveyed.
For   grazing   and   industrial purposes areas not exceeding 640 acres
may   be   leased by one person or a
Under tbe Crazing Act the Province ia divided into grazing districts
and the range administered under a
Grazing Commissioner. Annual grazing permits are issued based on numbers ranged, priority being siven to
.established owners. Stock owners
may form associations for range management. Free, or partially free, permits are available for settlers, campers and travellers up to ten head.
PalaceBarber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty"
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Wholesale and Retail
•aler iu
Havana Cigars* Pipes
t_}ttj* SI Confectionery
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand Forks. It. C.
Inoininion Mo.iiiinciilnl Worka
Aalirss-tsM Vtodaetn Co. Hoofing
Furniture' Made to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinds,
Upholstering Neatly Done


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