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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Dec 23, 1927

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 ,
ifar &im WiaV-a 3tt» Vtttibtts A Ifrg iBfmj ®trristunis
NDOBSES THE
MARKETINli ACT
CRESTON, B. C, Dec. 20—R. B.
Staples, a former resident of
this piace, and now manager of
S: lea Service, Ltd., a lrnrketing or
gsirisnticn with headquarters at Ke
lmvna, that this season has handled
abo.t eighteen hundred carloads of
Okanagan products, ls a visitor in
Creston looking after his bis business
interests. For the past ten years he
has been a dominant factor in sell-in?
the Creston valley fruit crop, and
whim asked as to how th. season
had beenfor British Columbia fruit
growers renorally, he was quite emphatic in stating that 1927 had been
about the most satisfactory iu the
many years ho had been connected
with the fruit trade, and he freely
attributed much of the credlit for the
desirable state of affairs to the committee of direction.
Questioned as to the efforts of certain Kamloops growers to discredit
the operations of the committee, Mr.
Staples rreplied:
"The Kamloops growers ln their
attitude towards the committee of
direction are decidedly In thc minority. Growers elsewhere within the
area controlled, as well as every
shipper of any standdlng, are convinced that the operations of the interior fruit and vegetable committee
of direction havo more than justiped
its existence this season, and that
the principle of a central licensing
board must be continued. The Kant-
loops Incident Is of minor 'Importance
in so far as lt affects the viewpoint
of the majority of Okanagan and
Kootenay growers, but may be of
some benefit in bringing about such
revision of the produce marketing act
as may be necessary.
"That the Kamloops district needs
marketing control just as much ab
other districts was Indicated by an
Incident in the 1926 tomato deal,"
added 'Mr. Staples During that season, when market conditions warranted and theOkanagan shippers
were selling semi-ripe tomatoes at
$1 per crate, thB Kamloops people
not only out below this price but cut
each other's prices until they were
selling seml-ripes around 65 cents
per crate as against the Okanagan's
dollar.
'VHad there been no committee of
direction and had the Kamloops 1927
potatoes <been handled as were the
1926 tomatoes, there probably would
been no agitation due to unsold tonnage, for the simple reason that the
prlce would have been cut to the
point where the grower would have
been just as happy with his tomatoes
ln the pits as with them loaded on
the track.
''No proof has been furnished that
the position of the potato growers
would have been any better or any
different without control, and the
committee of direction must at least
be given credit for having tried to
secure the growers a reasonable return for their season's,.work."
tAna KETTLE VALLEy ORCHARDIST
TWENTY-SEVENTH YEAR—No  8
"Tell me whu yon Know la trer'.
I can *-*-* u well et you."
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1927
forest products, 28,754 tons were
handled ln 1921, and in 1926, 32,683
tens.
Reduction ln the deficit ln the operation of the railway last year, as
compared with the preceding year,
was $40,000, Mr. Wilson said, and a
further Improvement was expected
this year. Due to curtailment of service commensurate with the traffic
the North Shore branch showing had
also Improved this year, he said.
Tributary  Resouces
The speaker dealt with the agricultural, mineral and timber resources
of the territory tributary to the rail-
*sva;-, and expressed an optimistic
view of railway from a traffic standpoint. Efforts of the new board of
dtroctbrs to -improve conditions under which the road was operated
were described by Mr. Wilson.
Lava Beds gf Idaho
HINTS FOR MOTOR
VANCOUVER, Dec. 22.—Interest
Ing figures relating to the Pa-
clvc Great Eastern railway
were given to those attending the
luncheon of the transportation bureau of the board of trade by Robert
Wilson, assistant to the executive of
the railway.
Fifty per cent of the total Investment in the road Is made up of interest and discount on funded debt, loss
on operation since 1913 and other
charges not in the nature of construe
tion or equipment of the railway, he
said.
In submitting figures showing the
increase in traffic and earnings since
the government took over the railway, Mr. Wilson pointed out that the
earnings for the sixteen months ending June 30, 1919, were $247,662, as
compared with $401,469 for the 12
months ending 1926.
Hj Freight Traffic increase
It was declared that aB a result of
reduction in freight rates to farmers
to Induce production, there had been
a marked increase in tonnage of shipments. For example, 1139 tons of hay
were shipped ln 1921, and in 1926,
2503 tons. In 1921, the tonnage of
livestock handled was 2349, and ln
^996   the   total   wu 485* tou.   Ot
By Erwin Greer
GOODBYE OLD TROLLEY CAR
IF YOU see a street car galloping
down the track some evil day
with an airplane propeller in
front, a submarine periscope on top,
an anchor at tlie back and the motor-
mi la wearing spurs, don't ask
"What's the matter with the mo-
vleB?" The strange creature may be
a new development Cn local transportation.
lihere s a new transportation creation thit will be let out of its cage
soon. It is a double-deck-gasoline-
electric bUB. The six-cylinder gasoline engiino under the hood runs an
electric generator. The generator
supplies power to two electric motors
wbich drive the rear wheels. Oear
shifting is eliminated and speed U
gradually nnd smoothly increased by
pressure on a foot throttle.
The bus will 'be given a thorough
test. It remains to be seen what lt
will do. It may be the oat's whiskers
and again lt may be the elephtlat's
eyebrows. Anyway it indicates the
willingness of the companies to keep
pace with the latest developments
of the transportation .industry.
France tbd Oreat Britain are far
in advance of all other European
countries in motor bus transportation, and between them i/scount for
70 per cent of all the busses in Europe. Paris and London are naturally the great centers of bus traffic.
It being estimated that there are 20,-
000 busses of vt-rlous kinds in the
former city and about half that number ln the latter. The traffic problem
ln 'London, because of the motor
busses, has beeome a most difficult
one. More busses are needed to
handle the enormous passenger traffic, but at the same time each additional bus helps to increase the con-
gesttion.
'Great Britain's motor-bus service
now practically covers the entire
country, lt being possible to tralverse
the length and breadth of the island
without once resorting to other
means of transport. French development of the bus service, aided by
ment subsidies, has also been remarkable.
American-made busses are very
much dn evidence in Sweden, accounting for about 9 per cent of the
total number ln operation.
From Russia to Spain, a study of
the report reveals, the motor bus is
coming to the fore as a means of
transport. In some countries the
lf-rge railroads are making use of tit
as part of their feeder systems. Londonderry, the second city of northern
Ireland, has completely abandoned Its
street cars and replaced them with
motor busses, lhe American chassis, principally of tbe lighter types,
is found in practically all European
countries. Most of these countries,
however, find it more economical to
have the bus bodies manufactured
locally. The American de luxe bus
has not yet made its appearance in
Erope on tl large scale.
Usually the early bird catches the
worm for the benefit of the little fellows who stayed at home.
Contempt putteth an edge upon anger more than the hart itself.—Bacon
SUN'S WEEKLY TRAVELOGUE
IN THB West the term "LavaBeds
of Idaho" has always signified a
region to be shunned by even the
most  venturesome  travelers—a  land
supposedly     barren    of   vegetation,
destitute of water, devoid of animal
; life, and lacking in scenic -Interest.
In reality the region has slight resemblance to its imagined aspect. Its
vegetation ds mostly hidden ln pockets, but when found consists of pines,
cedars, junipers, and sagebrush; its
water is hidden deep In tanks or holes
at the bottom of large "blow-outs"
and ls found only by following old
Indian or mountain sheep trtjlB or by
I watching the bight of birds as they
drop into these places to quench their
thirst. The animal life consists principally of migrant birds, rock rabbits,
woodchucks, black and grizzly bears;
its scenery is impressive In its grandeur.
A glilnce at the map of Idaho shows
that the southern part of the state,
ljing between Arco and Carey and
north of Minidoka, is a vast region
labeled deBert or rolling plateau..
This region is about 100 miles southwest of Yellowstone park.
Although [|Imost totally unknown
at present, this region is destined
some day to attract tourists from .ill
America, for its lava flows are as in-.
teresting as those of Vesuvius, Mau-
na Loa or Kililuea. Part of it has
recently been made Sato the craterrs
of the iMoon National monument.
The district consists of some 63 vol
canic craters, lava, and cinder cones,
all at present extinct or dormant.
The largest and most conspicuous is
600 feet high, rising in the midst of
a belt of craters two or three miles
wide and CO miles long. The craters
or cones are close together ln the
north and west; in the south they are
miles apart.
Among the  Craters
In entering from 'Minidoka one of
the first major landfarks encountered
is Big Dome. A few hundred yatrds
north of it is a crater several hundred yards In diameter and about 200
feet deep. Ihe bottom of-this cratar
was utlized as a camping site by a
recent exploration pclrty. They found
themselves in a gigantic funnel whose
sloping sides of red and black formed
weird surrroundings in the reflections
of the campflre. A peculiar feature
of the bottoms of the craters was that
they seemed to act as sounding
boards for the notes of the birds mi-
gre|ting northward far overhead.
Their faint calls are gathered and intensified until the birds seem only a
few feet-away.
Half a mile east of Big Dome ds an
immense crater ring thut looks as ff
the top of a mountain had collapsed
and fallen back into the volcanic
throat. Frrm the center, crags of
'bright-red lava tind burned cinders
jut up. In some places the lava ds
black, as if smoked ln a flre.
The crags havemagnetic properties
and the compites needle cannot be
depended upon when near them.
About a quarter mile to the north
west is a large fissure, which was
named Vermilion canyon. The floor,
a hundred or more feet ln width, is
composed of cindders; the walls of
lavs; are a bright, almost a vermilion,
red in the sunlight.
Fifteen feet south of this is a hollow cone, built up 4 or 5 feet. One
sdde has fallen in, . exposing the
throat, which goes down 25 feet and
then angles off, an unknown depth.
Fifty feet to the north Is another
cone, about 4 feet high and .*k feet
in diameter at the bt)ie. This has a
6-inch hole ln one side, which opens
up aB dt goes down.
Not far awcly is another crater
similar to the one already described
but having interesting variations.
From its rim one sees below a hundred or more large lava blisters or
bubbles. In many instances the tops
have fallen in, disclosing rooms from
8 to 10 feet tlcrosB and as high as 6
or 7 feet. The shells of these lavs.
bubbles are from 6 to 8 inches thick.
Their color is a grayish brown.
West of the crater .beside Bubble
Basin are channels winding through
the lava flat just as meandering
brooks might cross a level meadow.
Examination showed these to be lava
gutters. Here the plastic lava hnd
Bowed down grade, assuming all the
shapes of a mountain htream. It was
in waves, rolls, twists and levels.
Ten miles to the northwest, beyond
buttes r|nd lava beds, lies Echo Crater, one of the most beautiful in the
region. It is 700 feet deep and is one
of the few craters having a growth of
timber on its sides and bottom. The
dark preen of the pines and cedars
emphasizes the vivid coloring common to these craters.
About a quarter of t*i mile east nf
Echo Crater Is Ice cave. There is a
rush of cold air from the entrance.
The cause ls Immediately apparent.
The floor ls a conglomerate mews ot
huge lava blocks. These and the
walls are incrusted in water, with
about 2 inches of ice as clear as
glass, through which the structure of
the rock cr.n easily be seen.
j Hanging from the ceiling are many
Ice stalactites, some 4 to 8- inches In
diameter at the base and from 3 to 8
feet long. In places, especially where
there fa a ridge ln the ceiling, they
are in closely pricked clusters.
Cobalt Blue Lava Flow
One of the best vantage points in
the craterrs of the Moon country is
the Cinder Butte, about 22 miles
south of the town of Arco, and within
five miles of the highway from Carey
to Yellowstone park. From the summit one looks over numerous craters
and flows and the other features that
make up the weird region. To the
north are many sputter cones and the
shadowy outlines of huge craters.
T,Wo miles northwest is a row of seven lava sputter cones caused by molten lava which had been thrown out
of a vent, piling up to a height of 60
feet.
'Stretching to the southwest for a
distance ot about 11 miles is one of
the most remrtrkaible lava flows in
the world. Its color is a deep cobalt
blue, with generally a high gloss, as
if the flow had been given a coat of
blue varnish. The surface ds netted
and veined with small cracks, having' the appearance of the scales of
some prehistoric reptile. It has been
named the Blue Dragon Flow. It merits the name, as ln many plaices' It
has burst through the crevasse of an
older flow, and the ropy twists of
blue lava, spreading out ln branches,
together with Its scaled surface, need
but a Httle stretch of imagination to
suggest the claws and legs of a dragon";
It Is the play of light at sunset
acrosB this lavel that charms the"
spectator. It becomes a twisted',
wavy Bea. In the moonlight its glazed
surface has a silvery sheen. With
changing conditions of light and arlr,
it varies also, even while one stands
and watches. It is a place of color
and silence, broken only by the wail
of the coyote and chirp of the rock
cony.
Beyond the north end of Blue Brm-
gon Flow Is an immense cinder cone,
the west side ot which has breached
away, leaving the floor of the crater
exactly as It must have appeared
when the eruption of ktva ceased.
Hero are bubbles, rolls, folds and
twists, as If a giant's frying pan of
thick gravy furiously boiling had
been frozen Instantaneously. This
flow had broken out and traveled
northwest (pr several hundred yards,
and then, having boen dammed up,
had broken through a low place in
the cinder rddge and gone east.
„F PROVINCE'S
Marketing A& Invalid?
VANCOUVER, Dec. 22—Vegetable growers will Immediately
- appeal to the governor general
in council at Ottawa to disallow the
British Columbia marketing act, if
the advice of William Savage, leg-il
counsel, Is followed.
Mrr. Savage, who Is acting for W.
H. Hammond and others in combat-
Ming the act, expressed his opinion
that the province has no power to
regulate trade and commerce beyond
dts own boundaries, and in legislating
as it has done Is usurping the powers of the Dominion government.
Mr. Hammond, who recently
shipped a carload of B andC grade
potatoes from Ashcroft to Vancouver
without a license, has decided not to
sell them to the wholesale trade,
which would be a direct defiance of
the provincial act. He will dispose
ot them otherwise.
VICTORIA, Dec. 22.—In a recent
issue of the Conservative Vancouver Daily Province there appeared a specially written article by
U commercial expert headed in this
fashion: "Bancouver's Growth Knocks
Bottom From Arguments of Hard
Times Artist." It was spread over a
width of three columns and heavy-
faced type was used for the whole of
it—illustrative of the importance
which the Province attached to it.
■Here j|re some extracts which are of
Interest these days, when Dr. Tolmie
is telling the people of British Columbia that what many prominent Canadians call a wave of prosperity is nothing of the kind, but something "ln the
nature of a back-welsh":
October was the month when the old
stride of 1924-1925in building, to take
care of growing population and business, was reached. That onth showed
building permits for British Columbia
valued at more tluin $1,700,000; $360,-
000 better than they were in October, 1926, the record building year.
Looking back to the depression ot
1921, it is seen that British Columbia
has well outdistanced the rest of Can-
sda ln recovery..
The widespead improvement through
all industry on the coast is shown by
the fact that for every 1000 men work,
ing here in January, 1920, the boom
year, there has been an average of
1137 wage earners employed every
month for the last twelve months.
The notable increase of employment
in British Columbia has been brought
about to a great extent by the growth
of small Industries. In the opinion of
bankers and industrial leaders that ls
a most desirable form of growth. The
province's industries tpd population
use such a quantity of different kinds
of goods that one by one a little shop
or factory has come Into existence to
supply the need until employment in
sundry manufacturers now has a
monthly average 76 per cent greater
than that of January, 1920.
The average daily output of electricity by water power only, jumped
from a daily average for 1925 of 1,866,-
000 kilowatt hours to 2,513,000 kilowatt hours during the twelve months
ending last September.
A 34 per cent increase in the production of electric current for light,
heat and power ln British Columbia ln
less than two years ds difficult to use
as a proof of dull times.
Greater buying power also ls shown
in the number of business concerns
carrying stocks of goods that are operating here to every thousand people.
Evidence that this is not a mushroom growth Ib found ln the credit
record of these British Columbia businesses as shown By a comparison of
the proportion of firms ln business going bankrupt here and elsewhere. For
the laBt five years the the yearly average ot commercial failures per thous
and business was 11 in British Colum-
blla and 16 throughout Canada.
In 1926 the failures averaged 9 per
thousand concerns In British Columbin
and 10 throughout the United States.
The lead we have over the rest of
Canada is also shown In saving ability, as lnddlcated by the amount ot life
Insurance purchased.. The total
amount of life insurance purchased in
British Columbia from 1920 to 192G
aaveraged per person $204, while 5171
was the Canadian ratio.
The writer of the article dn question points out that these are merely
some of the most evident advantages
enjoyed by British Columbia's business men—and Included above are
only some of those noted by the
writer—who, he sayB, "can not be
getting their shar0 of the general
being In British Columbia if they insist on being pessimistic tn the face
of these facts."
*-_mfM
TARIFF BOARD
CASTIGATES B.C.
MARKETING ACT
OTTUWA.—The British Columbia
fruit marketing act was subjected to a rather severe casii-
gation by Chairman Moore in the
tariff advisory board last week. II"
intimated his Intention of making a
report on the subject. To whom he
would report, M. Moore did not say,
but F. A. McGregor, registrar under
the combines act, was present, and
presumably It will be to him.
The case arose in connection with
a further hearing of the application
for a seasonable tariff on fruits and
vegetables, and F. M. Black, head of
the committee of direction under tbe
British Columhia act, was present
and made a general explanation.
Uufalr to People of Prairie
After Mr. Black had concluded,
Mr. Moore made some pointed observations, Intimating that the British
Columbia legislature is unfair to the
people of the prairie provinces.
'British Columbia," he said, "has
taken control of the producing activities of its citizens so far as fruit is
concerned. As a tariff board we aro
not concerned with what the province does, save as it affects the consumer. One of the objects of the
legislation, as you have stated, is to
regulate the prices the citizens of thc
prairie provinces must pay. They are
unable to protect themselves against
the regulations you maake.
"Where does the tariff board have
an interest in this? You afe plainly
attempting to restrain competition.
You are attempting with the best intentions in the world, no doubt, to
regulate what the grower sholl have,
what the dlistributor shall have and
what is good for the consumer.
"You are a committee appointed by
a province mainly interested in the
growing of fruit. It seems to me
you have undertaken in British Columbia to annihilate domestic competition, and to regulate production,
and since you have undertaken to
do these things lt will be our duty
to report.
"The Horticultural association has
asked for an increase in the duty on
fruit and vegetables, and in every argument they bave said that competition would protect the consumer.
What one must take Into account is
the effect of the legislation itself.
It ls not voluntary cooperation. It
is a regulation of production enforced by fine andd Imprisonment.
It is not Buch a combination as wo
often Bee among manufacturers,
whicb is voluntary. It is a most unusual thing, and if you, In your attempt to regulate prices ln other
provinces, are made the subject ol'
retaliation, then we have entered
upon a new stage ln the social and
economic life of this country."
A fortune will be made by the man
who invents a) home pants pressing
machine.
REMAIN THE SAME
VERNON, Dec. 21.—Discussion
of the new contract was tin-
most important subject discussed b.v
the board of directors of the Asso
elated Growers at tho meeting at tli
head oflice here lust week. A final
draft was prepared and has gone forward to 10. C. Mayers, counsel, Vancouver, for his approval, and win n
this has been given the draft will bo
complete. It Is Btated there are Q >
essential changes from the contract
as submitted to the growers, those
agreed on being in line with some of
the   requests   received.
It waB also decided that there will
be no change ln the number of dl
rectors, the scheme for a small di
rectorate and a number of represen
tatives not being acceptable.
The application by the Kelown,
board of trade for a change of the
head offlceB of the Associated to
that city, was received, and probably
will be given consideration at tho
meeting In June.
The resignation of George A. Barrat as secretary-treasurer was received, and a resolution passed expressing regret at his decision am!
appreciation of his able and devoted
services. This resignation will take
effect at the annual meeting ln June.
A cheerful countenance will mak >
fools believe you are good-natured
Chesterfield. THE SUN:  GRAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
WBwtJhmA Sfffffea §mt
G. A. EVANS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
SUBSORIPTION HATE3— PAVA3LE IN ADVANCE
ne Year (in Canada ami Qreat Britain) H.00
ne Year (in the United States)     1.50
Addiesr -" 'cations to
.Thr Grand f orkj Son
Phone 101 Giiah-d Forks. B. C
OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVE\n-: AND LAKE STREET.
FRIDAY, DECKMBEK 23, 19'27
Notes • Notions • Notables
THE possibility of putting down boreholes four or five
miles apart over most of the land areas of the vlobe
to utilize the OfJrth'a internal heal for man's purposes
was d'iBeussed In a paper read to tho engineering section of lhe British association by J. L. Hodgson, a civil
engineer. Mr. Hodgson said the heat stored in the hot
rocks of the earth's interior was Immense—at least 30,-
000,000 times the heat r.'-erven In tho world's corl supply. Only the hoat available down to a depth of, say,
30 miles under the land areas was liltoly to be of interest
to engineers during the ne\t few hundred years, but
even this was ten times the heal contninedin the world's
coal reserves, and, if it couid bo used, woould provide
the heat rcn'irc-J by mankind for mahyi thousands of
years. He declared that exploitation of this heat seemed
to be on the border line of practicability.
are sometimes composed of Iron, but more usually of
rock stoih.r to that fornd U:.;cn the earth. Most of those
which fall rpoa the earth ar0 very small, although a number weiglng several tons have been found. They cannot be seeli except when they strike our upper atmosphere. The friction of the air cs so intense that the
meteorites are usutdly reduced to dust. It is this phenomenon which produces the streaks of light popularly
called shooting stars, falling stars or fireballs.
SMOKELESS, fuel for locomotives is being tried out
by the Southern railway of New Zealand, and so f-.ii*
has been a success. Slack coal from New Zealand was
sent to Belgium and nu'de into briquettes, which have
been found to give sufficient heat and at the same time
to cause practically no smoke even in tunnels. If tests
continue to be satisfactory, a briquette plant will be
erected in New Zeal; nd.
THE editor of the Bano (Africa) Daily News does not
hdve trouble over suehniatters as circulation or tho
high cost of paper. 'When he gets a piece of news he
smooths off some slabs of wood, writes up the story in
his beBt editorial style, and then gives the slabs to his
office boy, who runs off some of them and hangs them
in conspicuous places no that he who runs may read.
NINE years after it had been issued, a marriage license
was returned for filing in the oliice of the district
court clerk at Minneapolis, Minn. Tlie license was obtained September 21, 1918, iby Joseph Gardner and Agnes
Quinn. On October 8 they were mtirrled, but would not
tell why the license was not used before.
HOW came the Bank of England to be built? And why
the appellation "llhe Old Lady of Threadneedle
Street?" H. Rooksby Steele, a well known London architect, supplies the answers in an artl.la on the architectural history of Britain's bullion nous.*. Many think that
Sir John Soane, Ihe wizard of London's Innfields, "built
the bank. His are the girding walls, but in the raising
of the fabric three other names—those of Samson, Taylor and Cockerell—have to be added. Mercer's hall,
Chetlpside, was tbe bank's flrst home; but a quick move
was made to Grocer's hall, in Poultry, and it was not
until 1752 that the foundation stone of the present bank
was laid. George Sampson was the first architect, and
lt is currious that no building, other than the bank, can
be attributed to his hand. In tha cornice extending the
the full length of the building, Taylor sculptured an excellent figure of Britannia, some years after the completion of the building. "This carving, the 'trade-mark' of
the bank," writes Mr. Steele, "was probably the inspiration for that trite appellation, the 'Oil Lady of TbreaJ-
needle Street.'" Itiylor added to Sampson's building,
and in 1870 the Gordon riots led tho directors to fear
that tho adjoining church of St. ChrlstopHer-le-Stocks
might lend itself as a dangerous vantage point for a mob,
bo powers were obtained, the fabric was pulled down, and
more extensions were made.
THE "Brus Stane, which dates from 1304, and was lost
for 150 years, was recently installqd permanently in
the stilrcase of the town hall at Annan, Scotland. At
the ceremonies tho unveiling was by Sir Robert Bruce
The stone was originally part of thc ancient "Castle of
Brus" at Annan. After its disappearance for a centurj
and t| half it was found ten years ago in a North Devon
garden.
AN OLD woman from a little village in Maryland visited Washington for the time recently. In all her
seventy years she had never seen a statue, it tall building
an elevatorr, a moving picture, or even a typewriter. It
was a bit exacting to glve her her ftrs| taste of elevators by rushing hor to the top of the Washington monument, hut she seemed to onjoy it. In her interview') she
took a middle-of-the-road position on the modern point
of view, refusing to buy a lipstick for herself, but raising no objection to either flappers or nude statues. If
the morals of the young people weren't what they used
to be, lt was probably because there was too much to do
nowadays. Of all she saw and did, we are told, only
one thing ruffled her. That was a revolving door. She
flatly refused to go into one alone. Sage old woman,
to recognize that scourge of modern eity life!
THE methods used by lhe Indians in fishing before thr
advent of the white m;|n, were qn'to modern. Starling from the simple device of attaching the bait to the
end of a line, the progressive order of fishhooks used by
the Indians seem.'' to be as follows: The gorge hook,
n spike of bone or wood, sharpened at both ends and
fastened at Its middle to ;l line, a devieo used also for
catching birds; a spike set obliquely in tha end of a plain
shaft; the plain hook; the barbed hook; tho barbed book
combined with sinker and l*are, This series does not
eyactly represent stages In Invention; the evolution uje-y
have heen egected by th3 habit", of tho different species
of flsh and thoir Increasing wariness. The materials
used for hooks by the Indians, were wood, bone, shell,
stone and copper, The Mohave employed (ho recurved
spines of certain species of c;|i;lu9, whieh are natural
hooks. ' 1*
O HOriLD old acquaintance and old tunes be forgot?
M Not by the judges of a mouth organ contest dn Lon
don recently, tbey say. As 'a preliminary test each of
the 163 contestants was coir-pelled to pk|y "Annie Laurie," and one judge said that after hearing it 152 times
he sang it, in his sleep. One entrant insisted on playing
in front oi a minor, and another swc|/ed in sem-i-circles
as ho played the Scotch classic. Players came from all
parts of Oreat Britain.
•TPH-E so-called fi filing and shooting stars aro not stars
*■ at all, but merely meteorites'. Scientists know nothing about their origin excej.t that they do not come from
the earth and that they aro flying around in spice.   Tliey
SOME of the plants, vegetables and trees nature placed
in the world will not live in peace, anil when near
each other they are at war tp* destrop each other ruthlessly- Scientists have learned tho roots of the walnut
and butternut trees are poisonous to the roots of many
plants, while tomatoes will destroy each other if pit tiled
close and  tliclr  rroots  touch each  otber.
I'i HE stem of a tree, also allied trunk and bole, is tht
■*■ main axis extending from the roots to the crown, or
to the tip in casj of an unbranched stem. Tree stemi-
range from long to short, straight to crooked, and from
eroet to prostrate. An examination of a cross-section
of i| stem will show hark, wood, and pith. In the central pnrt of the stem is the pith. About it .is the wood
which in many trees ean be divided into the darker
heartwood and tho lighter sapwood. Between the wood
and the Bark is a thin layer known as the cambium.
This is the most vittl part of a tree, for It is here that
all new wood and bark are made up.
fT>BE Middle £|ges, too, had their "feminism," and thi
**> way women's problems were solved was not very
much different from, tod-ay's. In the thirteenth, fourteenth and flfteemh centuries, just as at present, it was
necessary to take care of unmarried women, and this
could not always be done by mecins of convents, although
a greater number of girls went in convents then than
nowadays. The crafts excluded women often on prln
ciple but in pratice women worked in almost all crafts
during the Middle ages, as simple workers ca well as at
the head of enterprises. The professions in which women
excelled were, of course, those which were related to
the traditional feminine work, as weaving, cord manufacture and the textile crafts in general. Many women
beeamc leading seai.:stresseB. Feminine tailors were far
more frequent during the Middle ages than now. The
gold industry always had a group of feminine and a group
of masculine worker*!. Women often were bapbers, and
fe n^'nine musicians played dn most of the wine inns,
Women were teachers not only In their convent schools
but also in general schools. Above all, there was never
.i lack of women physicians.
Q IX gigantic puiripa driven by electric motors working
*-* night and day for nearly two years have manufactured three islands in llampa bay, Florida, whose nirea
,3 832 acres. These three islands have been turned into
x beautiful residential and business section of Tampa.
LJARiOLD SAUNDERS, a rancher and airplane owner in
J-lsouthern Oregon near Memford, recently planted ten
|eres to winter blue grass, using his airplane. The grass,
peculiar to this country, grows from a bulb and it is
ossed on the ground and left to mature in the winter and
-pring.   The land was seeded in a few minutes..
WHAT could Aladdin's carpet do that was more wonderful than rise from the desert sands like the circling genii from the bottle and whisk towefd the glowing
jast, while the pilgrims of laden caravans rubbed their
jyes at the apparition and wondered If a mirage had
aken wings? Here is the ftliry tale come true at last
/anished is the land trail marked by bleached bones
,vhere men strove and agonized ln the red dust and the
lot breath of the desert, in the hope of waterhole and
uhe date palms somewhere beyond the forever receding
■im of the pitiless inverted sky-ibowl imprisoning th
iiet.;t of a fiery furnace. ThB flying men have come to
;lnd what height thoy like upon the airways, and favoring winds or cooler temperatures. In hours they equal
he weary marches of many days of yore—and one pllo
n a plane ajchieves what a king's sumless treasury and
luberless army In tho days of Darius could not do.-
.'hiladelphia Ledger.
Poems From EasternLands
JAPAN
THE OMEN
Ves! 'twas the hour when all my hopes
Seemed idle as the dews that shake
And tremble In their lotus-cups
By deep Taurugl's lake—
'Twas then the omen said:
"Foar not! he'll como his own dear love to wed."
What though my mother bids me flee
Thy fond embrace?   No heed I take;
As pure, as deep my love for the
Ah Kiyosumi's lake.
One thought Alls all my heart:—
When wilt thou come no more again to part?
—Anon.
c^ncient History*
(COMPILED PROM TWENTY-YEAR OLD 8UN 1«ILE8.)
A.'D. Morrison has purchased a tract of land west of
Hie eity limits.   He will plant an 11-acre orchard.
Ihe vrst permanent officers of the Kettle Valley Farmers' Institute, elected at a meeting held ln the city hall
last Tuesdc|y evening, are: President, James Rooke;
vice-president, J. D. Honsberger; secretary-treasurer,
Fred Clark; directors, Oeo. Hansen, Tom Powers, Ed
Hardy, Ed Ruckle, and Dr. Tamlblyn of Midway.
Geo.  Taylor,  the  local  contractor,  haw secured  a big THE EASY WAY
logging contract from  tbe Yale-Columbia Lumber com-      "Did   that   firm   fall to   pay   Its
pany.   The agreement calls for the clearing of all the  debts?"
limber off three North  Fork  ranches.   It lis  estimated      "No;  it failed so that It wouldn't
that they conWin about two million feet of sawlogs. I have to pay them."
Ilie Spice of Life
PRACTICAL   PHYSIC8
When the party of three, which included  two  college  professors,  says
the  Argonaut,   entered   the  hunting
camp ln the Maine woods their attention wep attracted to the unusal
position of the stove.   It was set on
posts a/bout three feet high.   One of
the    professors    began    to comment
upon the knowledge that woodsmen
^?in by observation.
"Sow," saidd he, "this man has dis-
overed that the heat radiating from
he stove strnikes the roof, and the
circulation ls so quickened that the
camp is warmed In much less time
than would be required if the stove
were ln its regular place on the floor."
The other professor believed that
ihe   stove   was   elevated   above   the
window ln order that sleepers could
Hive cool and pure air at night.   The
lost, being of prcctical turn, believed
bat the stove was sot high in ordor
hat    a    good supply of green wood
:ouId    be    placed ibenealh it to dry.
U'ter    considerable    argument  they
■ailed the guide and asked why tho
itove was In such c| position.
"Well," said he, "when I brought
ho stove up the river I lost most of
ho stovepipe overboard, and we had
o set the stove up there so as to
have the pipe reach through the
roof."
POLICE  OFFICER   POINT8  MORAL
IN  GOOD 8TORY
Police Superintendent Crowley of
Boston, who has banned nine new
novels, satd to a Boston reporter the
Jther day:
'"ilhe writers of these shocking
novels ale attacking me. Well, their
attacks remind me of Peleg Herder-
son.
"Peleg Henderson's wife died after
a long illness. She was burled on
Monday. The following Wednesday
old Peleg married her pretty nurse.
"Well, that made the townspeople
mad, and on Peleg's wedding night
a big crowd assembled in his front
yard and serenaded him with tin
horns ijad police whistles and kazoo's.
"Peleg came out on the front
porch. He was halt crazy with rage
and 'indignation.
"'Friends!' he roared. 'Why,
friends, ain't you ashamed of your
lelves to make such a scandalous
uproar before a house where a funer-
tl has just been held?'"
to matte
PURE
Wholesome fieei*
THE wholesome beers made for
thc people of British Columbia
by the Vancouver Breweries Ltd.,
Rainier  Brewing Co. of Canada
Ltd., Westminster Brewery Ltd.,
KilvcrSpring Brewery Ltd. .Victoria
Phoenix Brewery Co. Ltd., are not
made in a day or a week. There
are months of care before the high
f.radc grains, choice hops and pure
mountain water become the brilliant and full flavored beverage
that Is PURE BEER.
All beers made by the above
Breweries are fully fermented
and aged for months before they
reach the public. They will not
continue to ferment after yoo
drink them; they do not cause
thc ills that hastily made, badly
prepared  and  half fermented
"HOMEBREWS" are responsible for. '
At all Government
Stores
Drink only pure beers and preserve your health
Wishing A Merry Christmas
To Everyone
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board or by the Government of British Columbia.
DISCONCTRTING AN8WER
Little Billy had a new cousin. Hav
ing been the youngest of the family
all his Life, babieB were a novelty,
ind as such, much to be desired. He
met bravely the stock puestion which
is put to every child when a baby Is
being shown to one: "How would
you like to take the baby home with
you?" But his mother went a little
deeper into the subject, asking
'<What kind of a baby would you like
to have at our house, Billy?"
Billy regarded Ws mother Intently
for a few seconds and then answered
eagerly:    "A white one!"
PUZZLING THE COLONEL
In his book of reminiscence called
Everywhere Savage Landor, the
artist and explorer, tells of c( funny
mistake that occurred when he was
permitted to vjslt the Italian front
during the World war. He was told
to report at the comando at Florence,
where he could receive the necessary
passes.
An Eimuslng Incident happened. In
Italy Boy Scouts are called "explor
era" -(exploratorl). The colonel who
drew up the documents, sayB Mr.
Landor, Inquired my name, age and
profession. When he heard "explor-
or" he looked at me with curiosity.
"Rather old for an 'explorer'! You
are Joking," he said, dropping his
pen.
"Oh," I said, realizing the double
meaning of the word in Italian, "but
I am an 'explorer' of Central Asia
and Central Africa, not of Florence."
"J had no Ideal they had Boy flcouts
in those faraway places, too!" he
grumbledd, more puzzled than ever.
The papers were evenaually handed me, with the profession omitted.
THE   ROAD  WAS  OUT
When an Irvington resident moved
to the north side recently, the family
decided to retain a ftjithful and efficient colored maid that had served it
for years.for years. The morning
after the tornado the niadd was tardy. Because of its rarity this wap
an event, and the woman herself
realized that some explanation was
surely due.
"Sorry, Mlssey," she exclaimed as
she hurried into the kitchen. "Sorry,
but tbat there tornado blew down so
much of the road I had to veto three
miles to get here."
CITY REAL  ESTATE
FOR SALE
Applications for immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by the City, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Prices:--From $35.00 per lot upwards.
Terms:—Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may be seen at the
City J Oflice.
JOHN A. HUTTON.
City Clerk.
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
an4 carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year (
THB SUN: GRAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
1/
Earnings of
Consolidated
MONTREAL, Dec. 14.—General
Manager 8. G. Blaylock, of
the   Consolidated   Mining   &
Smelting Company of Canada, was
today namedd one of the vice-presidents of tho comfany r|t a meeting
of the directors. Hie usual hilf
yearly dividend of 5 per ceut and ?5
per chare ppnus was declared, aggregating for tho yoar 10 per cont and
$10 bonds, Hoth bonus and dividend
aro pil/aVo J-inv.ary 13 to shareholders or. record on December 31.
W. L. Matthews was named vice-
president, taking the place made vacant by tho ddeath of C. 11. Hosmer,
and W. A. Black wa3 appointed to
the bdr-fd of directors, filling the vacancy also mado vacant by the death
of Mri Hosmer..
The year's operations were considered satisfactory by the board und
lt was also st-xod tliat there were no
unso'd metal stocks on hand. Notwithstanding there had been a falling off in tbe prices of metals during
tbe past year, increased production
hud overcome this handicap, and the
profits would not fall short of last
year's earnings.
CRUELTY TO THE ABSENT-
MIN DTD
Absent-minded pel-Bons^-usually pro
fessors—lu.ve become common figures ln the world of humor, but their
adventures are usually so amusing
that fmesh ones may be welcomed.
In "Forty Years of 'Spy,'" Leslie
Ward, the well known London artist,
tells a good story about Lodr Crewe.
Lord Crewe's extraordinary absent
mlndedness was proverbial, and since
he was not aware of his weakness,
other people often took advantage of
lt. He used to dine at the Athenaeum club, usually at the same table.
Another member came rushing in one
duty to obtain a place for dinner for
himself, All being engaged, the
waiter was obliged to refuse the late
comer, when the hurried member
pointed to an extra seat.
"Oh, sir," said the waiter with
apologetic deference, "that's Lord
Crewe's."
"Never mind," said the urgent
would-be diner. "Tell him when ne
comes—that he's dined!"
It is to be supposed that the man
found a way to make the deception
worth while, for when Lord Crewe arrived the waiter met him with l surprise and quiet eypostulation.
"Have you forgotten? You dined
an hour ago, my lord," he said.
"So I did," murmured the poor victim, aB he turned away and left the
dining room.
A  GOOD  HOLIDAY TRICK
La|y n apple and a pear upon the
table. Tell a person to hold one In
each hand. While your back Is
turned, the person must hold either
the apple or the pear to his head tor
a few moments. Tben the hands are
to be placed side by side on thel table.
Looking at the fruit, you can Jin-
medi tely tell whioh one wa)s chosen
and held to the head—ths apple or
the, pear.
The fruit has nothing to do with
the trick. Any objects may be used,
but you should stress the ones you
use bo as to divert attention from the
secret
The hands tell the: story. W hen
one hand ls raised to tbe head the
blood leaves it, and lt becomes quite
white, and the veins become small.
With one gl nee you can tell which
hand was held to the head.
PROPER PLACE TO LOOK
During the moving a portrait of
one of the ancestors of ths Blodgett
family had got lost. No one could
find lt at either the old or tbe new
house, and there was great consternation. William Blodgett, e|ged ten,
was offered a "treat," value not announced, for any hint that would lead
to the return of the missing grandfather.
At noon he came home from school
breathless. "1 tbink, mother," he
said, "I think we ca'n find grandfather's picture." :
"Where?"
"Downtown. I saw a notice on a
shop window, and it said: 'Paintings
restored within.'"
SOMETHING MORE THAN "HELP"
A Scotch lad, say tshe 'Continent,
having taken a prize in a difficult
competition, was confronted by the
teacher who asked doubtfully: "Who
helped you with your question paper,
James?"
"Nobody, sir."
"Come, now, my boy, I know all
about your capacity and abilities,
and I know you never answered
those questions alone. Tell me honestly, now, didn't your brother do
pat ofr the work?"
James, alter sofme deliberation:
"No, sir, he did lt all"
Quebec, the Birthplace of Winter Sports in North America
xStttOWS ttiM
HO,
Why should Winter, that severe
and blustering season, yet be
the perennial breeder of a hearty
and tingling cheer? To avoid asking
you another, you should be told that
this rigorous season gives mankind
the chance each year to reassert
a strong faith in itself. Thc
north wind may blow, and we may
have snow, but that ls no reason
for despondency—it Is, in fact, a
supreme cause for rejoicing in a
young strength that does not shrink
from wintry weather, It Is only
fitting that the true center of this
recurring faith should be Quebec,
which for more than 800 win tern
has been laughing- off tho chilly
threats of winds and ice and snows,
Long before tho Pilgrim Father;
set foot on Plymouth Itock, tho
French-Canad!;' •• colonists had set.
tied   Quebec tbsy start c,
the custom ,\ -;.  ■ ., ■-'  oarnl
■vals-durin-r *'      .  ■  '' .  •?*:■- \.\i*l
j*ards and  n   !   -.        '   '
would u':.-.' S   ...   . t
shoe and the toboggan of the Indian then entered sporting life as
Ci the ski of the Norwegian In
la lor years. On the whole the
character of winter sports has
changed very little during these
centuries. A. now winter game is
Indian golf, Introduced by J. Q.
Strathclee, sports director at the
Chauteau Frontenac. In this gamo
the player uses bow, arrows and
targets instead of clubs, balls an-.l
hnles. But tin outstanding feature of Qv"-!*,.- 'rj winter season
cumes iu thf ,*t from Christina:!
,n New Y -1 !'■'- period o.
nie-i liifcctious goue!
-   II .- -        - ' ,*ci.'*   L''.''.:;-.s Ot
•7ft*. CeV/rr-h-w
Ooq-rxesM
Abraham, Battlefields Park and ft*
Chateau Frontenac toboggan slide
are the main carnival grounds.
Thousands of visitors from the
United States engage In the sports
and ln the old Norman observance
of Christmas and the dawn of the
new year. During the last week
ln February comes the annual International Dog-Sled Derby. ThiB
race of 120 miles, covered in dally
43-mile stages, attracts famous dog-
rr.ushers like the veteran Seppala
f-nd the young St. Godard who won
lust year's race. These two drivers have become North America's
,-ymbols of wiry age and supple
3311th
The Psychology of Color on a World Cruise
Cherr* SiostoM Time, Japan
ttuf/URS l?ottMafa/AUr
Colors that run rampant In the four
corners of the world provide the
contrasts that make a lasting impression on the memory of the world
traveller. Districts wholly different
in their colorful ensemble are but a
few miles apart and the keynote of
then-striking contrasts is color. Today
we hear much about color psychology,
its effect on the senses of people and
of animals; and how it affects temperament and even health.
Colors ofthe scattered j-orts of the
world that burst from quaint bazaars
and the costumes of the inhabitants
on the streets, vie with those of
nature. The landscapes and seas
differ; colors in architecture, and the
colors of princes, peasant and paupers,
gladden the eye and make the blood
run riot in unison.
From New York on December 2 the
Canadian Pacific stearr.shlp EmpresB
of Australia, will commence another
cruise to the contrasting ports of the
world. This vessel will make an
entire circuit of the globe anchoring in
66 ports and visiting 21 different
countries, covering during the four-
months cruise approximately 28,400
miles.
Funchal the Capital of Madeira,
and the first port of call is radiant
with gaily colored houses and gardens-
Costumes here aro likewise brilliant.
Naples with the wonderful blue of its
sea and sky, with Mount Vesuvius
at one side and the Islands of Capri,
Ischia and Procida in the distance,
affords a vision of loveliness.
Japan in cherry blossom time is a
fairyland of color and sunshine, and
Fujiyama towers above the masses of
bloom, its white summit contrasted
against the blue sky. New Year's eve
in  Cairo is most festive and here
colors run riot. The bazaars, the
palaces and bright hued mosques
with their numerous minarets and
domes are color schemes of rare
beauty. Each of the countries offers
an ever-changing vista of color and
strike vividly into the memory,
causing the traveller to become interested, consciously or not, in color
psychology.
One of the features of the world
cruise of the Empress of Australia, is
the way detail worries have been
taken out of the hands of the members
of the cruise party. From start to
finish the ship is their home. Worries
in connection with foreign money,
customs regulations and language are
a thing unknown to the passengers,
rs these details have been worked out
months ahead and handled entirely
by the cruise managers on board.
ON THE SMOKER
A house painter once sat next to
the great Sargent and asked him for
the loan of a munch. Then, noticing
the great painter's brushes, easel
and box of colors, he said genially:
"I see we're both in the same line.'
"I see we are," said Sargent, with
a laugh.
"I've been whitewashtn' el barn today," said the house uainter. "How's
trade with you?"
"Brisk," said -Sargent. "I coated a
village this morning and gave seconu
coats to a castle, aj river and a mountain this afternoon.   1 finished up the
day with a bash of lightning—gold-
leafed her, you know."
"Gosh, some hustlln'!" said the
house painter. "You sure must be
on piece work."
OO YOU WANT
THE PEOPLE
TO READ YOUR
ADVERTISEMENT
Cupid Is • court t>vorite.
People take The| Sun
because they [{believe
it is worth the price we
charge* for it. It is
therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents, including
ad vert ism en ts. This
is not always the case
wifh newspapers that
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
WE DO NOT
WANT CHARITY
ADVERTISING-
Advertising "to help
the editor."!But we do
want businessadverlis-
ing by progressive business men who know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If you have something to offer the public that will benefit
them and you as well,
the newspaper reaches
more people than a bill
board
SUN READERS
KNOW WHAT
THEY WANT
and if you have the
goods you can do business with them THE SUN:  GRAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
THE CITY
Ttae fuel shortage in this city at
present is too acute to be comfortable for a great number of people.
It is to be feared tbat the people
who have been in the habit of getting
out wood during the winter season
are killing an industry that has
broubht them in considerable cash
at a time of the year -when it was
most needed. Large quantities of
coal have been ordered by the coal
dealers, and the citizens arc rapidly
changing from wood to coal burners.
Work on the three bridges being
constructed in tho Grand Forks-
Greenwood riding is progressing
satisfactorily. It is ucv. slated that
the Cooper bridge in this city will be
completed by about the middle of
January, and the Cascade and Hock
Creek bridges will be ready for trof-
11c at about the same date.
J. R. Mooyboer returned from Vancouver last Friday. When ho left
the coast his sen Abram hail just undergone an operation and was in a
critical condition, but more encouraging news regarding his progress
tooward recovery haa since been received here. Mrs. Mooyboer and
her daughter Elizabeth are still at
the beds-rde of the patient.
Mrs. A. B. W. Hodges, wife of A.
B. W. Hodges, general manager of
the Granby smelter when it was operating here, died in Los Angeles,
Cal., on tha bill inst., antl the funeral
was held on the 12th. She is survived by her husband anil two married daughters.
■Mr. and Mrs. William Banbury, of
Thamresford, Ont., arrived in the
city on Thursday. They will spend
the Christmas holidays at the home
of Mrs. Banbury's brother, J. C. Tay
lor, after which they will continue
their trip to Los Angeles, Cal.
•On Christmas day, Sunday, Decen
ber 25, tho wickets at the post olflee
will be open for delivery of parcels
for ono hour only, trom 10 till 11 a
m. On Monday, the 20, the wickets
will be closed all day.
■Wilford iP.rown returned to Van
couver on Wednesday after visiting
bis parents here- for a short time. He
will shortly leave for England to take
a    course in Law study.
Tito Woodland, sludtnt at the University of British Columbia, returned
home lastnight to spend his Christmas vacation with his parents.
Miss Grace Olaspell arrived in the
city this week to spend the Christmas holidays with her father and
brother.
Coughey McCallum returned to the
city last Friday from Marcus. His
father, P. T. McCallum, is in ill
health.
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Walker and
little son returned home the flrst of
the week from a visit to Winnipeg.
Mr. and Mrs. E. llird, of Rossland
spent part of their honeymoon in this
city the first part cf this week.
GREETING
On behalf not only of myself, but
the Conservative Party in this District as well, may I extend to all resident in Grand Forks and Vicinity the
Season's Greetings, with a sincere
wish that the New Year may bring
you abundant Happiness and Prosperity.
Respectfully yours,
C. M.  KINGSTON.
PAY $4 DIVIDEND
NKW YOIIK. Dec. 18.—Stockholders of tha Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting & Power company will meet in .Nev* York
city December 27 to ratify action of
directors In creating a reserve fund
for depletion and ileiircilaiion and a
prorat-i distribution of $4:;2,2G2,made
by the directors on July 1, and to authorize them to make a further proportionate distribution not to exceed
$1,778,408 in the aggregate. The latter sum If. equal to $4 a share.
If the action is approved on Decern
ber 27. there will he f| distribution
next MAy in accordance with Hi"
cash reserves. The meeting of the
sharoholdora Is made necessary by
the Canadian law, v.-hi-li denies tho
distribution of dividends .Vom reserves of Canadian eompmln.es without the authoriz'tUtm of ilio shire
holders, snys tho Wall Street Journal.
GRANDFORKS  -
PUBLIC SCHOOL
8TANDING  OF  PUPILS
The following is the standing of
the pupils of the Grand Forks public
school, in order of merit, as deter-
lincd by tests and work done ddring
he months of November and Decern-
ier:
PRINCIPAL'S CLASS—GRADE Vill
Kiilie  Dorner Lilian Starchuk
Elsie Egg Helen Baszczak
MadeMiieMcDougallJuseph  Lyden
Jessie Sweezty       Norman Cooke
Elveril   Peterson     Clarence!lendcrson
Hetty Massie Georgu Savage
.Mazie Henderson Eearle Bickerton
Enid Morris Elsie, Scott
Agnes Winter Alma Frechette
Florence McDougallFred Wenzel
Margaret Kingston Charles Dodd
MurjorieOtterblne  Evelyn  Cooper
Harold  Bailey Ernest Fitzptitrick
George Thompson Minnie McNiven
Ian Clark Daisy Malm
Euphie  McCallum Francis Lee
Marjorie Taylor     ill lid red Anderson
Ductile! Donovan     Donald  Ross
Harry Murray        Hazel Mason
DIVISION  II
Grt!de  Seven—
Mary Dorner Barbara Love
Dorothy Donaldson Tom Mudie
Edith Gray Polly Vatkin
John  Baker Mary McKinnon
Clayton Patterson   Delwin Waterman
Bessie Henderson  Junes Allan
':'ony  Santano AlbertaBiddlecome
May Jones Irene  Eickerton
Phyllis Simmons     Chester   Hutton
Isabel Huffman        Gordon  Wllkins
Dorothy  Innes       Randolph Sandner
Florence McDonald Grace McLeod
Laura Sweezey       Harry Hansen
Josephine Ruzicka Uyrtle Kidd
Albert  Eureby        Edna Scott
John 'McDonald     Ronald   McKinnon
Alex   Skuratoff       Jj(ines Robertson
Robert  Carlson      John McLeod
Teresa Frankovitch Genevieve Mitchell
Charlie Egg Mary Reibin
DIVISION   III.
Grade  Six....
Geraldine Gowans   Lola Ogloff
Willie Gowans        Koy Clark
-Marguerite   Lee     Nellie iSkuratoff
Mike  Boyko Peter DeWilde
Jien 'McDonald      Lola Hutton
Janet Hvlason Jack McDonelld
Ernest Heaven        Gordon Mudie
Junie  Danielson     George O'Keefe
Swanhildti Helmer Catherine Davis
Fermin Bousquet    i ielen Harkoff
Norman Ross Windsor Miller
Vivian Peterson     John Love
Grace McDonald     Eunice Patterson
Alice Bird Mowat Gowans
Margaret Baker      Wilma Davis
Steve Boyko Winnifred O'Keefe
Helin&r Jackson    . '..hn Crisp
Albert Deporter      i,ols Anderson
Myrtle  Mitchell     Elsie Kuftinoff
Lloyd Bailey nospuT** *oH stqim
..DIVISION   IV.
Grade Five—
Williamina Gray     .Inhn Starchuk
Jenny Maloff Lois Dinsmore
Teddy  Wright       Irene Hutton
Fern Henniger       Veronica Kuva
George Howey       '.-..Ibort Cooper
Robert  Kidd .'Tclbel Miller    '
Freda Dorner Annie Starchuk
Lillian Biddiecome Jtarie Donovan
George  Olson Nick Chahley
Carl  Wolfram        11 ils  Johnson
Georgu Kastrukoff Catherine ChaJiley
Irene Lightfoot        John -Hlady
George Robertson   Aulay Miller
Winnie  Cooper       Audrey  Markell
George Ruzicka     1 hora Robinson
Jimmie  Graham     Florence Helmer
DIVISION  V.
Grade  Four, Junior—
CatherineMcDonaldRalph Meakes
Bernice Hull John Gowatns
Crystal  Mason       .' ornian  Hull
David  Tonks MilrleyDocksteadcr
Doris  Egg I   ndsay Clark
Pranoes    Sandner Annie ogloff
William Ogloff        Irene  Frechette
George Tonks
Grade Three, Senior—
Qeorge Konuld      < ladys Clurk
Anntg Ronald        / nnie iiliiidy
Charlie Rltco I lornlcci Fostntkoff
ladle McDonald     l'arney Hlady
Tania Kastrukoff   Roger Dondale
May Thompson      , ,ie Pohoda
Walter Carpenter   Hike Danshin
Mary Kuva
DIVI8ION  VI.
Gmade Three, Junior-
Fred Kasakoff William Mcloff
Alfred Knowles       liffle Knight
tilth Popoff Audrey Donaldson
Ruth Kidd Pete Harkoff
Marlon Cooper       Amelia Trombley
Jean    Dinsmore     Wilma Miller
Isabel  Donovan     Hugo Wood
Helen Dorner Ruby Wilkinson
Doris  Mattocks      Mike Starchuk
GP.in Willis             Dertie Parker
Grade Two, Senior—
Peter Palik John Vatkin
Margaret Cookson Annie Esouloff
Eileen  Markell       Clarence Howey
Walter Menkes       Beverley Mehmal
Vela-man Ruzicka    Mike Harkoff
iam-s i"oote Connie Helmer
Ponnie innes
1
DIVISION   VII.
Grade  Two,  Junior—
Percy  Poulton       Hal Brinkman
Jessie McNiven      Windsor Rooke
Dorothy Muir Mabel Maloff
Alice Knowles        Eddie Chambers
Daniel McDonald    Helen Ogloff
Nellie Popoff Charlc-s Mitchell
Joan Wood Jetln Wood
Charles Mudge       Albert Jepson
Dorothy Chambers Warren Wright
WilfredMcDauchlanFred Massie
Catherine'McPherso
Grade One, Senior—
Henry Wilkinson    Joan Pearson
Florence Ridley      Geraldine McKay
Hike Siakoff Howard Bird
Viola- Hughes Polly Ogloff
Eunice Kuftinoff    George Skuratoff
Joan  Kalesnikoff
DIVISION   VIII.
Grade One, Senior—
Ruth Friiche Mary Woodward
Ronald Cooped       James Lawrence
f.'oriime Wright      John Hansen
Roma Donaldson    Alexander Gray
Bruce Kidd Victoria Ritco
Florrie Ritco Polly Tarallln
Virginia Vant Alfred Peterson
Pete  Boyko Sanford Fee
Bernard McPhersonGarth    Logdson
Norah  Chapman    Grant McDonald
Maimiie Peterson   Annie Pddoborozny
Lillian Gowans       Jane Esouloff
Burbank Taggart   Pete Kasakoff
Henry Dorner
Grade One, Junior—
George Egg Nick Harkoff
Cri'herine Kuva      Donald McNiven
Charles Cook Pete Siakoff
GeraldlnePatterson Henry Pohoda
Jacob Kuftinoff      Douglas Howey
AlexanderDonaldso Gerald Taggart
Silia Palek
GENERAL NEWS
,roi'i\ on tne erection of the Mlnaa
Basin Pulp and Paner Company's
plant at Hantsport has begun, together with work on the railway
siding connecting the plant with
the main line of the Dominion Atlantic Railway.
The value of the Western Canadian grain yield this year is figured
at $1,600,000,000 by a financial firm
making a survey of conditions ai
Winnipeg. Wheat is put at $563,
804,729; oats at $166,428,382; barky at $62,887,903; rye at $16,628,-
881, and flax at $1,935,315. Hay and
other grains are included in the
grand total.
The Eastern International Dog
Sled Derby will be held this year
at Quebec City, February 20, 21 and
22, according to information given
out by the tourist department oi the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company.
The leading drivers from all parts
of the Continent will take part.
The race is over a 120-mile course
with an average of 40 miles a day
Montana farmers are hauling
grain to stations on the Canadian
Pacific Railway lines just north of
the International boundary line in
South-western Saskatchewan. Some
50,000 bushels are on the move there
on sale to the Wheat Pool. It is
remarkable that the Montana farmers are paying the duty and receiving about $5 per load more than if
delivered to the elevators located
aJong_the Montana route.
"The tourist crop is the next best
crop to tbat of wheat in the Canadian West," said C. B. Foster, passenger traffic manager of the Canadian Pacific Railway, visiting Winnipeg recently. "Canadians are now
capitalizing our splendid winters,"
he said. "It used to be our custom
to decry them, but we have since
learned their appeal to the stranger
as well as ourselves and are profiting by it."
Quebec City is preparing for a
record winter sports season, according to Jack Strathdee, newly appointed winter sports director at the
Chateau Frontenac. Mr. Strathdee
comes to his new field of activity
with a wealth of experience, having
promoted outdoor sports in the Muskoka Lakes region and more recently
at the French River Bungalow
Camps of the Canadian Pacific
Railway.
Saskatchewan heads the provinces
of Canada in growih of revenue
from tourist traffic, according to
the Dominion Bureau of Statistics,
dealing with tha calendar year 1926.
The gain over the previous year was
over 100 per cent., while Manitoba
was the only other province with a
revenue increase of more than 25
per cent. Thc tourist business for
the whole of Canada has risen from
$83,733,760 in 1920 to $lti;i,M:i,|,*.n
last year. It is thought to contribute $100,000,000 to Canada's favorable balance of trade.
Ot Canada's four great sources
of wealth — field, forest, mine and
stream — the forest has steadily
pushed forward until it now holds
second place, particularly in th* exports from the Dominion. For ihe
12 months ended September 3Uih
last, grain and grain products exported were valued at $464,000,000;
metals $160,000,000 and newsprint
$120,000,000. to which shund lie
addod, to show the whole exported
wealth of thc forests, manufactured
r.nd unmanufactured wood valued at
f l fi').000.000, making Uie ijiest a-r-
giegate fiso.oco.cay.^
TOO RECKLESS
"It's the regret of her life that she
bas never been able to afford a trip
on the ocean."
"Wants to see the world, I suppose?"
"No; she hep a remedy for seasickness th t she's just crazy to try."
HER AGE, OR THEREABOUT8
She was not old, and she was not
young, e|nd Bhe was just a little sensitive concerning her age and humorously aware that to be so was ab-
Eurd. So she told the census man
ihe truth; but she had observed that
he was Irish and had a merry eye
"I am thirty-eight,"she owned.with
her most ingratiating smile, "but
couldn't you shade It a little?"
"Maybe I could now," said he. "Let
: .e see—about thirty-eight, you say,
i r somewheres thereabouts? That
; light be thirty-five, belike, or maybe
hirty-four, or more like by the looks
of ee thirty-three. Thirty-three is a
folne age for a woman; she is In the
full   of   her   prime   at thirty-three.
liirty-three lt is mc/am, and thank
. e for obliging me with the Informs
ion. There's a person on the next
street, street, and she considering
herself a lady, and well brought up,
im told; and when I asked her age
: esterday, says she, 'Me age is me
own affair.'
" 'Mefybe lt Is that, ma'am,' says I,
but lf you'll not  he telling me It's
reo I am to be guessing as best I can
r.nd putting down the age I think ye
are'—and so I did."
"And what age was that?" For his
ye invited a question.
"Forty-two, ma'am." But there was
i twinkle in the eye that moved her
to inquire, "And was that really her
ige."
"It was not      thin.   Twinty-seven
he is;  but that I did not know till
oday,   when   I asked me aunt thit
.*as friend  to her nurse when   she
vas a ibilby and went to the christen-
'ng.   I guessed, my guess with no In-
onvenient information ln my mind.
"Oh,    how    could you!" cried the
ady,   laughing. "Fifteen  years! Poor
hing! "
"It's a pity she  wasn't like your
elf, ma'am, knowing the use and the
race of a soft answer," stlid the
census man, shaking his head. Twin-
'.y-seven she was but yesterday, poor
ady;  but it's her own fault entirely
hat now she's forty-two."
GRACIOUS       ^HL-
"Did you hear about the accident
in the subway?"
"No—what Y/tp it?"
"A lady got a seat!"
Officious people think there "ought
io be an organization" to act as auxiliary to the Resurrection.
If a man can lead, he will.
TIMHKIi SALB X9287
K/.I.EO TENDER!* will be received by ths.
Minister of Lands at Victoria. H. G , not later
l li an noun on the 2nd day of Jminiiry, Itt-*,,
for the iHiii'hat-e of Licence X9287 to out
:: 1(1,000 K. B.M. of Kir, Larch. Spruce and Cedar;
5:1.450 Hewn lies. 2.000 Cords or Cordwud,
unit 120,000 Cedar Posts on an area situated
„n Fourth July Oreek, Si-,' miles westol (irand
I'orlis, Kootenay District.
Two (2) years will be allowed for removal
uf timber.
Further -iiirlicularsof the Chle' Forester
Victoria, B.Cor lllstrlet Fori ster. Ne son.
DONALDSON
GROCERY^
Phone 20
'S
Try our Special Tea
ciat. 65c per lb
Shoes, Shirts, Overalls
GoodJ&values for "your
money.
Call and see jus before
, purchasing.
JOHN  DONALDSON
General Merchant
GBAND FCBKS
Transfer Co.
DAVIS 8 HANSEN. Props
City Baggage and General
Transfer
"Tsoal,   Wood and   Ice
for Sale
Office  at  R.  F.  Petrie'* Store
Phone 64
Get Your
Groceries
at the
CITY GROCERY
Phone 25
"Service and Quality"
E.G. Henniger Go.
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Cei lent and Plaster
Poultry SnnpSics
Grand  Forks, It. C.
Our
Hobby
is
Good
Printing
rJFim value of well-
•*■ prLitcd, ncut appearing stationery as
a nicnnsof getting and
holding desirable bus-
in ess has been amply
demonstrated. Consult vi before going
elsevh^rc.
Wedding invitations
Bail I'rograms
Bush sss cards
Vi    ng cards
Sh'    ing tags
Letterheads
Statements
Noteheads
Pamphlets
Price lists
Envelopes
Billheads
Circulars
Dodgers
Posters
Menus
New Type
Latest Style
Faces
THE SUN
Colombia Avenue and
Uke Street
TELEPHONE
R101
PalaceBarber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
..FIRST ST, NEXT P. BURNS'
SYNOPSIS Of
1AND JUT AMENDMENTS
PRE-EMPTIONS
Vacuilt umvijui vod.suiveyed Crowu
lauds muy ue pre-empted uy British
subject*) over in years ul' age, una uy
aliens ou declaring iutentiuu to become British subjects, conditional
upon residence, occupation and ini-
uient lor agricultural purposes.
Full information concerning regulations regarding pre-emptions ls
given in bulletin No. l Lain! tjerles,
"How to iVre-euipt Luud," copies of
which can be obtained free of charge
by addressing tbe Department of
Lands, Vavtoria, is. C, or auy Oovern-
lue'ii Agent,
Records will be made covering ouly
laud suitable for agricultural purposes, aud which is not tiuiuerland,
i.e., carrying over 6,000 board feet
per acre west 61 the Coast Kange,
and 8,000 feet per acre east of that
range.
Applications for pre-emptions are
to be addressed to the Land Commissioner of the Land Recording IJ.vl-
sion, in which the land applied for
is situated, and are made on printed
forms, copies of which cau be obtained from the Land commissioner.
Pre-emptions must be occupied for
five years apd improvements made to
the value of $10 per acre, including
clearing and cultivating at least five
acres, before a Crown Grant caSn be
received.
For more detailed information see
the Bulletin "How to Pre-empt Land."
PURCHASE
Applications are received for purchase of vacant and unreserved
Crown Lands, not being timberland,
for agricultural purposes; minimum
price of first-class (arable) land is
$5 per ojcre, and second-class (grazing) land |2.60 per acre. Further
information regarding purchase or
lease of Crown land is given in Bulletin No. 10, Land Series, "Purchase
and Lease of Crown Le-nds."
'Mill, factory, or industrial sites on
timber land, not exceeding 40 acres,
may be. purchased or leased, on conditions including payment of stumpage,
HOME8ITE LEASES
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding
20 acres, may be leased as homesites,
conditional upon a dwelling being
erected in the, flrBt year, title being
obtainable after residence and improvement conditions aire fulfilled
and land has been surveyed.
LEASES
For grazing and industrial purposes areas not exceeding 640 acres
may be leased by one person or a
company.
GRAZING
Under the Grazing Act the Province is divided into grazing districts
and Uie range administered under a
Grazing Commissioner. Annual grazing permits are Issued based on numbers ranged, priority being siven to
(established owners. Stock owners
may form associations for range management Free, or partially free, permits are available for settlers, campers and. travellers up to ten head.
K. SCHEER
Wiiuleeale and Betail
TOBACCONIST
ealer iu
Havana Cigars, Pipes
«-> SI Confectionery
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand Forka, B. C.
A. E. MCDOUGALL
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER ',]
Aaent
Inimlnion Monumental Works
Aabrataa Products Co. UooTinil
."ESTIMATES FURNISNED
BOX 332
BRAND FORKS, B. C
! PICTURES
UD PICTURE FRAMING
Furniture Made to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinds,
Upholstering Neatly Dona
r. c. McCutcheon
WUSIfK.AF.WCI

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