BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Sep 23, 1927

Item Metadata

Download

Media
xgrandforks-1.0341594.pdf
Metadata
JSON: xgrandforks-1.0341594.json
JSON-LD: xgrandforks-1.0341594-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xgrandforks-1.0341594-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xgrandforks-1.0341594-rdf.json
Turtle: xgrandforks-1.0341594-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xgrandforks-1.0341594-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xgrandforks-1.0341594-source.json
Full Text
xgrandforks-1.0341594-fulltext.txt
Citation
xgrandforks-1.0341594.ris

Full Text

Array Men are optimistic as long as things are coming their
THE PRAIRIE
FRUIT MARKET
CALGARY, Sept JI.—Unsettled
stormy weather ln Alberta and
Saskatchewan during the first,
half of the week stopped harvesting
operations and had a depressing effect
on trade. The latter half Is clearer
with some sunshine, but cool at nights
with hoar frost in the mornings.
All vegetable, foliage is now black
and tender vegetables such as peat
and lettuce are over. Thero Is an excellent local crop of cabbage, carrots
and such like hardy vegetables..
British Columbia frit and vegetables
htive ibeen scarce during this week,
due to landslides at Revelstoke and
wet weather at shipping point. Market pulte short on apples, crabapples
and semi-ripe tomatoes. (Lots ot cu-
cumbers. Hyslop crabapples have
mj-ie their appearance, showing flne
color, and slie. Tomatoes arriving
now are showing some shrinkage due
to delay in transit. Some flne tomatoes arrived from Kamloops this week.
These were edge packed. They are
selling at 10 cents premium over
others.
We reoeived a licit of Oliver cantaloupes this week. These wcire salmon
colored flesh, uniform ln size, ln every
way equal to the Imported, but superior ln flavor.
American prunes are flooding the
prairie market at present They are
coming in (suit) casefe measuring 18
Inches long, 16 inches wide and 3 deep.
The legej Canadian package ls 18
Inches long, 1.1-2 Inches wide and VA
deep, or about 78 cubic lnchcis larger.
We understand violations are being
reported to Ottawa on this package.
4
TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR—No 47
tAna KETTLE VALLEy ORCHARDIST
"Tell me whtt you Know Is tni»
I can ness as mil as rcu."
site side of the division so that there
are now two weajk colonies ln one
hive but completely sepaiiated from
each other. A block of wood ls
placed In the ehtrance of the hive so
that it provides two small entrances,'
one at each corner of tbe front. This '
block should tie pushed ln so 'that it -
will touch the front edge, of the division board. 1st Ite swarms, nuclei
or bees from the ir-atlng boxes can
be brought together in thiB manner
and will winter safety in cellar of
packing case.
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1927
Greece of Seven Wise Men
above sea level in
8UN-8 WEEKLY TRAVELOGUE
NE   of   the   most   interesting
periods of ancient Greece was
that   oi the   so-called   Seven
Wise Men, 650 to 53C B. C.   There is
great disagreement   among   tint-lent
authorities as to whj all tlio seven
Wise Men really were; and only four
. ot them are the same in all the lists
In the spring these extra queens :    __ * . "•       .
...        ,       ."       .     I    The four about whom we are sure
are very useful to replace drone lay- _.       . __,        _,. ,        . ,_.;.
. su . We Blas of Priene, Pttakos of Mlty-
lng or frilling queens or to requeen   ,        _•. .       . ..... j * .
•   ,     .m     v i   '<-a     ilene- Thales of Miletus, and Solon of
colonies that becamci queenless dur- I ... ■ . ...___, •
*        , .       ,.  ,     ,.       .,„   ,.   Athens, and three ot thetee tour were
ing the winter.   It is often difficult   . f, ;       „ ..,
.      ., , ,_ ... , .       from places on the eastern Medlter-
to obtf-iin queens in the early spring
and ln any case much valuable time
is lost In brood rearing* and a few ■ Th*9 centers of interest and activity
surplus queenB In the apitiry at this amone th€ Greeks at the time of the
time will often turn useless colonies Seven W-Be Men were in Asla Mlnor*!
into honty producers.—C. B. Qooder-   &ni such fc|miliar names, as Samos,
ham,  Dominion Apiarist
WINNIPEG, Sept 20.—The
wheat production of the three
prairie provinces this year ls
plactd at 424,318,135 -bushels in the
preliminary estimate of the) Manitoba (Free Press. This figure Is the
highest ln four years.
frhis. estimate! is taped on personal
Inspection of a staff of experts who
have covered more -than 8700 mileB
of territory and from reports of local
corri-ipondents.
The estimated oat production ls
shown at 280,300,433, barley 82,613,
000, rye 14,879,280 and flefx 3,761,399.
Compared with the estimate ot the
Dominion government report Issued
last Monday, the Pree Press figures
are approximately: Wheat 8,000,000
bushels lower; oats, 62,000,000 buah-
<*ls lower; barley, 6,000,000 'bushels
higher; rye, 1,000,000 bushels higher
and tltli, 1,200,000 bushels higher.
All harvesting and threshing is reported to ibe at a standstill on account of r-toent rains. In some dts
tricts the grain Ib reported to have
begun to sprout ln stooks.
Bn many fields where rust infection
was alight ((lid therci had been no
frost wheat still shows a small and
shrivelled berry, the report states.
Garnet wheat has not, aa a rule),
produced much better crops than
'Mefrquis, and has shown quite as
strong a tendency to rust
The.Durum wheats, of which the
■acreage has increased in Manitoba
and -Saskatchewan, halve developed
rust in aimoat every field. Western
atom sawfiy was found ln parts ofj
Manitoba and In some) districts root
rot was noticed.
Wit thheexceptlon of most of Albert!*) and western Saskatchewan,
oats are shown as a very disappoint-
ine crop. -
HINTS FOR MOTOR
BY   ERWIN   GREER
LET  BUSINESS GO  HANG
WINTERING  3URPLU8   QUEENS
AND WHY
In the (all therei will be found in
most apiaries a few colonies that are
considered toe weak for sa-fe wintering and these are generally united
to make- one strong colony in place
ef two more weak ones, The usual
method of uniting, however, results
in the loss of many good queens that
might be) of great value the following spring. For the past five or six
■fears the bee division of the Dominion experimental farnishas been
velry successful in uniting weak colonies as foollows:
During the latter, end ln September or early In October half the
oomba are removed from eaoh weak
colony. In the center of fa^lf these
treated colonies is placed a tight
sitting division board so that the
combs and betes of the colony are onj
one Bide of it. The combs and bees
from the other colonies are then
brought over and placed oa tbe oppo-
T IS rather wonderful, this view
trom niy hotel window. "The
.take Ib wine dark"—to be seml-
olasslc tor once and quote some-body,
rjnd the/ wind flicks the tiny wavelets
ln a way that warms my heart. Yep!
I'm going to continue my trip tomorrow and stop to fish at some jolly
little stream. Its waters cold as Ice.
But water brings back memories of
fish and prohibitionists.
You who ht)re watched the; golden
juice of the grape "shimmy" up and
down t he hollow stem of a wine
glass, and felt its glorious letss run
through your veinB, know—that as a
beverage water la a damn failure.
Thank goodness they haven't taken
gasoline away from us yet—not yet.
When tbey do tbe first hundreld years
of a n?an'slife wiill be mighty hard.
When  you  contemplate  going  on
a tour you first figure out where you
are going, what you are   going    to
take along and what conltlod your
car Ib in to make the trip.   As you
go  over  thev car,  cleaning and  Inspecting it a lot of the tools that you
are going to cajrry will suggest themselves.   'For  instance,  the  following
list ls essential:   Tlre chains, jack,
rim wrelnch,  tire pump,  valve  tool,
vulcanlzer,    fine   sand   paper,   two
monkey wrenches,  large and  small,
screw   driver,   pliers,   small vise to
clsjn-tp on running board, small and
large file, short handled    axe,    tow
rope, grease gun and oil can, small
funnel, ball of twine, trouble lamp
and    pockeit   ammeter.   This list Is
practically  complete, amd  any ordinary repairs can be made with these
tools    Now comes the spare parts:
Two tires and inner tubes, two gal-
ion can of extra/ gasoline, two-qu-i.it
can   of q ngine oil, a can of grease
and a b small can of kerosene, blowout patch and  tlre reqalring outfit
extra vafive caps, dustcaps*, headlight
bulbs and tail light bulbs, 10 feet Insulated   ware,   roll   of tape, 4 extra
spark plugs, bundle of waste   assortment of gaskets to fit car, radiator
hose, extra; fan belt and an assortment of cotter pinsnuts, lock wash-
ers, wood screws and nails.
In wrapping these things they
should be .packed. so that they will
go into the tool box, the side pockets
of the car and under the; seats, ready
to be located at a moment's notice,
CALGARY  CAN   PLACE  ONE
THOUSAND HARVESTERS
CALGARY, Sept 20.— Calgary is
experiencing the most serious shortage of harvest labor since the movement of farm bands to the west from
eastern Canada and British Columbia
started several years ago, said Wil
Ham Carom, superintendent of the
local oflice ot the Alberta government employment office.
On Friday morning, it was stated
theft orders for harvesters bere exceeded the supply approximately
1000. There was no immediate relief
in sight for the sltuatioon.
A child early understands psychology, but it kaa ao name tor lt
Chios, Miletus, Mitylene, Smprna and
many others were connected with the
great events that occupied the minds
of the people in thfxt era. It was a
i time of unique interest dn history, for
much of our present thought-life owes
its origin to movements which began
in the days of the Wise Men.
Can we put ourselves bt|ck in that
faraway time and picture something
of the homcily, everyday life of tbe
people? Can we find out how they
thought and felt?
The outward surroundings we can
reproduce, for they are still practically 'the scime. Tho eastern Mediterranean is one of the gardens of the
world. The sea da bluer than other
seas; the tints of the sky arc, softer,
the violet sand rose byend more mar-
velously in the sunsets, the mountains have a sensuous t-jttraction, and
the sails on the horizon allure.
There is a wonderful charm also
ln the island life of the Aegean, and
that charm must be in mi-pay ways the
same at the present time as it was
in the distant age of which we are
speaking. ^^^^~
The shipping also has not wholly
lost its ancient form. It Is true that
the picturesque warships, with their
banks of oars each Bide, have disappeared; but the craft which lazily
sails from one port to another today
mtiy well remind us of the descriptions of the old merchant vessels.
A great wave of colonization d ha
passed over that part of the world
Just before the time of thei Wise Men,
and the colonies, after the struggle
for exist-'nee of the early years in
new surroundings, had emerged Into
q larger life. In finding larger life
the sea always helped them; tor, in
political strife within and the need of
protection from without, there was
always the sea for reifuge. People
who can siall away from trouble ait
home always find resouces, and the
sea was the source of many treasures.
'The growth of tho colonies was
rapdd, for other reasons How could
It be otherwise in suoh beautiful and
fruitful surroundings. Ab Herodotus
aays, "The Ionians built their cities
under thei finest sky and ln the finest
climate In the world, for neither the
regions abov0 nor below nor the parts
to tbe east or west are| at all equai
to Ionia."
Long before Athens joined the circle of commercial cities, the riches
ot thq entire eastern world were represented In Ioonla. The market-place
In both large and small towns wa(s the
central point and constituted a kind
of bourse—In fact, was the Wall
street ot the town—where the exalte,
ment of trade was so high that a
market-master was necessary to con
trol lt.
The question naturally arises:
"How was business carried on, by
barter or by saiim primitive kind of
banking system?"
Our chief testimony on this point
ls furnished by the coins ot the period, for collage originated in Asia
Minor, and as early itjs the time of
thq Wise Men coins were In common
use. Tbere are very few specimens
of that age now ln existence, yet
some are preserved in the British
museum and in other collections.
The first coins were made of elec-
trum, which is a mixture of gold and
silver and which w-as found in natural
form in the mountains of aLydl
There; were no inscriptions on them,
but emblems of religious worship and
also of trade.
The age of the Wise Men was before tbe tlmn of Greek history, and
from 11,000 feet
the Himalayas.
     «*roni the cross between Red Fife
and hLada|go came Preston, whlc
mere are few records from which to combined some of the good milling
reproduce It. In trying to describe uatltles of the Canadian Fife with
the culture of an age wholly different the early ripening of the Russian
from anything which we have ever wheat. Crossing Onega and Cehun
known, the chief authority Is from resulted In a wheat ntf-ned Early
Internal oewidence of writings of the Riga, a quick maturing variety giving
tl-vts, largely potery, which now txlst a froo quality flour. In 1905 a ci-osb-
for the most part in fragments.quot- ing between a strain of Preston called
ed by later writers, and also from Preston A, and a) strain of Early Riga
pictures or vases belonging to that called Riga M, resulted in the now
pelliod* I famous Garnet wheat.
The pictorial representations on It was not until 1914 that thei new
the, vases tof he stories of the gods \ wheat was included In the regular
reproduce the ordinary customs of test plota at the Centi-al feirm, and
daily life in regard to religious wor- In 1919 lt began to be tested at the
ship, dresB, use of chariots and horses' branch farms in the pralrlq prov
weapons of war, varieties of musical Inces. The present Dominion cereal-
Instruments, habits of sitting and i»t in taking stock of all the varlttles
standing, wedding and funtral cere-' on test in 1923 found Garnet to be es-
monies, and many other things, j peclally promising a*nd singled lt out
Are we justified in calling the pe- with one or two other varieties for
riod a cultured one? special consideration.   By the spring
It seems that we are justifloB in of 1925 t\\ had become reasonably
attributing culture to people who' clear that Garnet was a high yielding
could produce and enjoy the best j whejat of good milling a-nd baking
lyric poetry which the world bas ewer qualities, and it was decided to try It
known, and who could ontglnate Unes out under field conditions. In 1926,
of thinking that have hs/fl a perma- 14,000bushels of seed were used In
nent significance in the development! these fle|d trials, and the results fully
of the intellecual life of later times.
We find in the late seventh and
sixth centuries B. C. tbe beginning of
modern systematic knowledge/, and a
careful study of the thought of the
time will give us an insight into the
origin of modern science and philosophy, for our present use of language
and our ideas of the world are permeated wthi the results of that ancient thinking.
Even the emancipation from traditions and the) desire for independent
individual thought which characterize modern ideals, find their counterparts in the age of the Wise Men.
The culture that arose, in Ionia was
very different in Its form, however,
froom any development of later times
and most difficult for us to understand.
It was, flrst of all, addressed to the
eairs and not to the eyes. We are now
essentially an eye-minded people.and
mt*|asure our learning by the books
that we read and write and collect in
libraries and by other things that we
can see with our eyes, but the sixth
century B. C we(b an age) without any
free distribution of written records
and only the beginning of libraries,
which were mostly collections of
wooden tablets. Some-, of the great
men of the latter part of the period
each wrote a book, but lit was a la-
borioous process.
Social life in Ionia afnd the islands
was the lite) of men and women together, for women were tree in that
age to share all the activities, even
in public athletic exercises in the
gymnasium ot the town, as we read
ot their doing in the Islarnd of Chios
The life of each was free and open
and natural, and the standards of
morality were much higher than in
subsequent periods of Greek history.
There seems to have been -*. shrine
t|t almost every turn of tho mountain
path and a religious service tor
every act of daily life. There were
spirits in evety wood and stream and
spring.
justified expectations.
The story of Garnet wheat thus
epitomises the history of wheat
breeding work as conducted at the
Central farm, at Ottawa, during the
p-ast 40 years, and compels an appreciation of the man wbo conceived the
program followed—Dr.WIUlam Saunders, the first director of the farms
system. This program hu)H been
ably carried out by his successor, the
discoverer of Marquis wheat, and by
the present Dominion cerealist.
The bulletin, wbich contains a
wealth of detail about the new wheat
ma|y be obtained from the publications branch, department of agriculture, Ottaw/a
THE first requisite Is a comfort,
able temperature of about   45
degrees      Fahrenheit      which
should ba maintained throughout tbe
entire winter.   To acquire this evenness of temperature, tbe cellar must
be   well   insulated   ln   order  that
changes ln the weather may not affect    the    Inside  temperature.   The
cellar, therefore, must be competely
underground, or that part    oof    its
walls   extending   above   tbe ground
must be banked by four feet of dry
earth.   Its ceiling, too, must be below   frost   levetl   and covered with
three feet of sawdust or dry earth.
The entrance to the cellar should be
protecteted  by a  vestibule  with  Inner and outat close fitting doors and
the value of the insulating material
should be maintained by a tight roof.
Tbe  second  requisite,  ventilation,
is a very dibcult one; to -adjust to a
nicety,   for   ln the   desire to secure
pure air, too large a shaft may be
used,  resulting  in   tlm)  temperature
of the cellar being lowered.   A 6-inch
square air shaft through the celling
Is about the rlgbt size for an ordi?
n/ary  cellar,  and  evo-n  this,  during
the early winter, may have to be reduced.   Also an intake of a simila/r
size Bhould be supplied with ito inlet
closei to the floor of the cellar.   As
supplement to the air shaft an electric fan is very useful   for   forcing
fresh air into the ceHar or,  better
still, forcing foul air out   When the
cellar temperature cannot be lowered   and   the bees start to roar, the
use of an electric fan quickly produce    quiet.   Furthermore,    do  not
overcrowd the cellar.   Allow approximately 10 cubic feet of /tlr space per
colony.
Still another requisite ls darkness.
The ventilator should not admit any
light nor should whltelight be used
ln the bee cellar, particularly In the
late winter when the bees, which lire
weary of waiting for dpyllght are
eejsly disturbed.
Drainage, too, ls necessary, but
lionojj-tlry-neas ia not essential.—A.
H. W Birch, Apiarist,
GARNETWHEAT
TESTED IN VALLEY
LOCALLY, there; has been consider-
ble comment about Garnet wheat
up to date. It Has been fairly well
tested throughout the Northwest,
and has addefd another 160 miles
farther north to Canuda/s wheat belt,
and that means a wboole lot of territory.
Mrs. E. B. Perkins purchased four
bushels last spring at a cost of $3
a cost of 14.60 for freight, making
the( total cost ot the four bushels
$16.60—rather high-priced wheat. Two
and a half acres were sown on Good
Friday for a test. The grin was
ready for the binder on the 20th day
of July. Tbe four bushels yielded 76
bushels all told—76 bushels from
Scott's m-achlne and one bushel was
gathered from off thq ground
The pedigree of Garnet wheat Is
well worth looking up, as lt goes back
to Russian varieties.
GRADING FIELD
GROWN CUKES
PREMIER WILL
SPEAK IN CITY
NEXT WEEK
GARNET wheeft has In the last
yeare been very widely dis-
cussG(d and enthusiastic journalists and others mave given it a
reputation which It will Hind difficult to sustain. However, there bas
just been published a bulletin, written by L. H. Newman, Dominion cerealist, which gives aft authoritative
and unbiased statement of what actually ls known regarding the performance and quality of this new kueat
In comparison wtith otho*r vatrletits.
Garnet has a large ancestry. Its
pedigree ls traced back to Red Fife,
the old Canadian standard variety;
Latlago, from the Lake Ladago region
ln    Russia,   600 miles farther north   _
than the city of Winnipeg; Onega-,: "Dear Will," sbe replied, "so glad
from near Archangel ln Russia, one you wrote. I know I said yes to
of the most northerly wheat growing some one last night, but I had forgot-
distrlcts   in   ibt world, and Cethun. • ton juat who it waa.
PREMIER J. D. MaoLean passed
through the city on Wednesday
evening, being enroute to Fernie on a business trip. On his return journey to the capltol next
week, Mr. MaoLean will address the
people ot Grand Forks at a public
meeting in the Empress theater on
Thursday evening, September 29th,
■it. 8 o'clock sharp. Mr. D. McPherson, member for Grand Porks-Greenwood, wil also address the meeting |
on topics of Interest to tin, people of
the district.
Dr. Murl.fian Is an interesting
speaker, an.' .is ho will no doubt out
line the polioy lo bo pursued by the
new provincial government no one
Bhould fall lo hear hi***. A most cor
dial is ext*:..!etl ij ov frybody to attend the meeting.
FOnCETFUL
•'Dear ClarA," wrote the young
man, 'pardon me, but I'm getting so
forgqtful I proposed to you last
night, but really forget whether you
8B[id yes or no?"
OR tbe guidance of cucumber
growers Markets Commissioner
J. A. Grant submits tbe following
recommended grades, together with
his observations on wbat consumers
domiuid. Hothouse cukea arrive In
Calgary In boxes contu/lning about
two dozon cucumbers. Tbis ls the
ideal size for either field or hothouse
grown stuff.
If two tlti/.i(ii were chosen as the
maximum si/.,, and throe dozen the
minimum size, mid the box, with this
count firmly filled with fresh, well
well dovc|lopod, well shaped, uudam-
uged specimens, the public would pay
a tufr price and increase tbe demands.
It does not pay to ship culls of any
product.
Tin, following aro the grades recommended :
IFancy No. 1 Sliall consist of cu-
cpmhera which aro frosh, firm, well
shaped, well developed and have a
Krimn color over two-thirds or more
of tho surface, and nro free from
damage caused by freezing, mosaic or
other disease, InscjcU or mechanical
or other means, and shall not be loss
than medium size for the variety. In
this grade medium size shall mean
from 6 to 10 lnchos ln length.
Noo. I—Shall consist of cucumbers
which may be slightly misshapen but
are fresh, firm, well developed and
freo from damage caused by freezing, most-lie or othor disease, insects
or mechanical or other mtans. In
addition to thc grade requirements,
any lot in this grade may be classified as small, medium or largt-i it 90
per cent by count of the cucumbers
conform to the following length re-
t-uirements tor such slzt|<i: SmHl,
under 6 Inuhos; medium, 6 to 10
inches, lnrlusivi>, and large, over 10
Inches.
In ordor to allow for variations incident to proper grading and handling, In each of tho above two grades,
not moro than 10 per cent by count
of ((uy lot may be below the re ulre-
nitjiiiB of the grade.
Men who can write brilliant msix-
Ims siildom guide themselves by their
lireoeptB.
And even the skin-de-ep beauty ia
apt to wt-jar ol in time. THE SUN: GBAND FOBKS, BBITI8H COLUMBIA
,*
jSh? (gran& SfarkH $tm_
G. A. EVANS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
SUBSCRIPTION RATES—PAYABLE IN ADVANCE
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) $1.00
One Year (in the United States)    1.50
^Addresr -" ~— :eatioDS to
sjTbs Grand Porkj Son
Phonb 101 Ghand Forks, B C
OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVENUE AND LAKE STREET.
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 19527
Notes • Notions • Notaries
NOT a few Conservatives on the cotjs   are feeling
somewhat embarrassed ln a political way because
of the  various explanations  which  Dr.  Tolmie  ls
making of the recent disaster which over ook his party
In thq New Westminster  by-election.   He told the Conserva) Ives of Nanaimo a week ago that the contest had
been brought on suddenly an tdhat had worked against
the Opposition forces.   But his supporters aro being reminded tha   when Dr. Tolmie .arrived in New Westminster from the east on August 17 he said—according to the
Vancouver Daiily Province—that "whoever   he Conservar
tive convention might seleict as candidate in the by-election will 'be elec ed."   They point out that he was not
worried about the shortness of the tlma pt that s age,
knowing, of course, tha   his party ha'd as much time as
the    government.   Now,    however, Dr.  Tolmie has  confessed to the Conservatives of Saanloh that he had ibeen
ta-ugh   a lesson pnd that in future the Conservative party
ought to be rer-fly for anything.   "It ought not to be necessary to suggest," the Victoria Times points out, "that
any party aspiring to office, especially when that party
continually Is  prophesying victory *it  the polls,  should
have Its orgganlzation in good condition.   Mi-py months
prior    to    the contest in New Westminster Dr   Tolmie
had been choosen as the leader of the 'Conservative party,
and organization obviously should have ibqen one of his
strong ipolnts in view oof his experience in the n*ational
field tp the highly paid organizer of the federal Consc-r-
vative party.   He knew as soon as the vacancy had been
create)d  by the  unfortunate  death  of pr.  Hothwell  thjat
a  'by-election   would   follow.   He   should   have   prepared
for   It   e|t once, as any astute leader would have done."
Dr. Tolmiq imagined, so some of his supporters say, th-U
what happened in North Okanagan would happen in New
Westminster.   It meant nothing to him that the interior
constituency was interested in very little else Ibut water
—-how to get plenty of it a3 che£(ply |as possible—a local
problem not easy of solution by any means.   No special
issue confrontcid the electors of the Royal city.   All they
had to do was to compare the government's record and
olicios  with  the  vague  generalities  and  petty  policlep
of     the    Conservatives   spd   decide  accordingly.   They
htjard the rival candidates, both well and favorably known
and life-long friends as well, and made their choice. After
the  votes had  been counted  the government's standard
bearer had polled  925 more than the Conservative candidate".   Jt was the biggest majority ever recorded in a
provincial contest in that riding and nee|rly live times as
large as that recorded  when the Liberals overwhelmed
thil Bowser candidates in 1916.
sleep, he is as good sjft ever. In the se-vere cases the
digestive disturbances are very marked. The moutb is
dry, the- tongue coated, and the breath very offensive,
but the most striking symptom Is the extreme prostration. Thirst is often excessive. If the patient is seen
eferly enough, the stomach must be emptied and washed
out with quantities of getter in which salt has been dissolved. The opedation, however, ls fatiguing and must
not be repeated too often if patient shows signs of exhaustion A full dose of castor oil should be given.
Stimulants are called for and strong black coffee is the
best, as it combines both heaft and caffeine. To prevent
ptomaine .poisoning "leftovers" must not only ibe warmed
over but COOKED over, especially if they have been kept
more than a day or If the ice in the refrigerator has
been low. Delicatessen foods, especially salads and
meat pies and patties must be regarded with suspicion
unluss they are known to be freshly mt)ie—especially in
warm wenther.
Tie Spice of Life!
NO   8URPRISE   PARTY
Elopements f're not always an un
welcome surprise to thel parents ot
the bride. That at least 4s the view
of the humorist. We And Good Hardware adopting tbls view of thei case
in the following conversation: '
.He—Then it ds settled we are to
elope at midnight? |
Shei—Yes, darting?
"And are you sure you ci|i get
your trunk packed in time?"
"Oh, yes! Papa and mamma have
both promised to help me." !
THERE are social and economic maladjustments and
many of them lead to failure. /Failure 1b unhappiness. But no mnn fails If he likes the job. Ford
is right. Life's real thrill is in the job. That ia what
we mean by the "pursuit of happiness" in this country;
it was the quest of the men who (built this wonderful
government for us, and It still is the thing whioh lures
us on to large|r achievements. Jobs are full of thrills il
we wish it so; but we get these thrills only when we fit
the job, when we like it, and give it the bejst that we
have in us; when we put something of ourselves into the
thing we do.
T; HAT an explosion may result in serious Injury to
the human ears is a well-known tact. Gunners often
open their mouths to protect their ear drums while
firing large guns, says a writer in the Pathfinder Magazine. When the mouth is open thej air waves set in motion iby the discharge of the gun enters the throat as well
as the ears. Consequently the sudden, pressure against
the outside of the drums is counteracted by equal pressure against the inside. jSuch, however, is not the practice in the navy. Men working in the turrets are well
protected from concussion. Those) ln the more exposed
positions usually use pledgets of cotton In their ears to
protect the drums (Some use pa|tent ear stoppers such
as are manufactured by various commercial firms. Although special ear protectors and cotton are also used,
at the coast tcfrget praotice it is a custom for the personnel taking part to open their mouths during the actual firing of the guns in order tbat the pressure on the
eardrums may be equalized. The men also stand on
their toes to relieve the body as mtuch ap 'possible of the
shock of the explosion.
SOME Conservative newspapers and Bpeakers are a*c-
cusing the MacLean government of giving contracts
to its friends and allowing them to eixceed their own
Original estimates or the estin*|a.tes of the public works
engineers. The Victoria Colonist, the Tory organ in thc
Capital city, says in consequence that the next general
election in British Columbia will be an issue between
what lt calls a "politiqal machine" and the peoople.
Premier Mafc'Lean was not prepared to make any lengthy
•comment on the, Colonist's collection of charges which,
fby the way, were all vague generalities; but he points
out, as one example of the impartiality which marks the
the conduct of government business in regard to contracts, that just before the recent by-election in New
Westminster Dr.- Charles Welsh, the defeased Conservative/ candidate, had obtained a substantial contract for
grocery supplies from the government—ibeqause his
price was the lowest quoted. That, Dr. MacLean asserts,
is how othc-r contracts are awarded
THE way in which Scottish and English idioms differ
arq legion, and anyone attempting to mslke an exhaustive list would probably find the proverbial
three score and ten a span too short for the task Sir
James Wilson, who has been making a) study of the dialects of central Scotland, cites as examples: Whereas
an Englishman "oversleeps himself," invites a friend "to
tea" and asks, "What will you take?" a Scot "sleeps in,"
invites you "to your tea" and hospitably in uiras, "What
are ye for?"
///«sj HAW and Wells and all that lot, now they've got
^ a little money, have dropped sentimental Social-
•"•"•' ism," said aNew York publisher. "1 met Wells
In the winter on the Riviere' Wei had lunch together In
Grasse, antl Wells said apologetically that Russia had
provd to him and the other sontimental Socialists thai
they'd been playing a dc|ngerous game. He said Russia
proved that their prescriptions for the His of the world
had been as dangerous as the old lady's medicine chest.
Tke old lady's dooctor, you know, undertook ont day to
rput her medicine chest in order. Mercy! The first bottle the doctor took up In his hand was labeled, 'No. 17,
Salts I think, or else ,-rsenlc.' The scfjeond was labeled
'No. 11. Headache powder, if not laudanum.' The third
said, 'No. 4. Pain-killer, but if poisonous, antidote is in
either No. 8 or No. 39.'"
POISONOUS foods fall Into two classes—those which
contain a poison produced by the action of bacteria
on the food substance', and those which contain u
poison manufactured In the bacteria and excreted by
them. Poisoning by the first class is often called ptomaine poisoning, a ptomaine being a poisonous alkaloid
formed from the protein in the food through the action
of bacteria. Ptomaine poisoning occurs from eating stale
lentover" food in which decomposition has begun, though
It may not hf|ve advanced far enough to be perceptible
,0 smell or taste. It is very common, and mild attacab
of lt have been tixperlcncod repeatedly by most of us.
The symptoms come on in a few hours after eating and
consist, according to the soberity of the attack, in riaJU"
sea and vomitin-.*, tli;mhi*)ti, cramps in the abdomen and
calves of the legs, headache, fever, and more or less
prooBtn(tlon. In the mild cases the suffct-er complains
of a little nausea nntl diarrhea with a disinclination to
walk or work, but in a day or so, after a good night's
BREWING was a respectable household task among
families along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers 9000
years ago. Evidence of this high antiquity of the
craft of brewing and its place in ancient social systems
of Babylonia and Egypt has ibeen traced by German
scientists of the| Society of History and Bibliography of
Brewing. There were laws about drinking ln those days,
the. report shows. Certain raftions of beer were) allowed
to each class of workers. Beer was also used ln mixing
medicines, and as an offejring to the gods. Brewing was
an orgaized ibusiness as ea]rly as 5000 B. O, lt is stated.
TO GIVE medical relief to the tiny West Indian
island of St. Vincent the line-r Andes, on Its wray
from South America to Lisbon recently, went 170
miles off its regular course. It had received a wireless
S.O. S. that influenzt-) was raging among the islanders
and remedisjs were soaroe. The liner approached within
a mile of shore, and to prevent the disease spreading to
the ship, the needed supplies were placed on a raft built
for the purpose, the nt-Jtives rowing out to lt
THE -Melungeons, a race ot people said to be living
in the mountains ln east Tennessee, are supposed
to Ibe em offshoot of the so-called "Croatan Indians'
of North Carolina. The name "Melungeon" is probably
from the French "melangej," meaning mixed. iThey are
of mixed Indian, white and negro blood, according to
ethnologists, although the original admixture of iblood
occurred centuries ago, t-jnd the history of these people
is obscure. The Melungeons, who in general resemble
Indians morei than negroes or whites, refuse to be classed
as negroes and jettiae to attend negro schools and
churches. At the same time they are socially ostracized
by tha whites. Although they are ab dark as mulattoes,
their hair is straight. For the most part, the 'Melungeons
are farmers.
Poems From EasternLands
TURKEY
FRAGMENT
Come is the autumn of my life, alas, it thus Bhould pass
away!
I hu-ve not reached the dawn ot joy, to sorrow's night
there is no day.
Time after time the image] of her cheek falls on my tear-
filled eye;
Ah! no pretension to esteem can shadows ln the water
lay!
Oh! whither will theBe winds of Fate impel the fipll
barque of the/heart? /
Nor bound nor shore confining girds Time's dreary ocean
of dismay! —Gazali
c4ncient History
(COMPItED FROM TWENTY-YEAR OtD SUN  FltE8.)
The Pioneers' Society of the Kettle River tpd South
Okanagan held itheir annual reunion and dinner inthia
city last Monday evc-ming, and it proved to be the pleas-
tntest and mos successful gathering yet held by the
grizzled old men to whom the present population of this
favored locality owe So much.
Grand Forks was awarded the Ihllver cup for   he beat
district display ot fruit at the Nelson fair this week.
The city council has been holding a sufficient number
of mee ings lately to legislate tor the   whole    British
empire.
Weather forecast for today:   Dry—until it rajns.
The Socialists of this city have requested he police
commissioners to enforce the law against gambling and
games of chance.
GOING,  GOING,  GONE!
In the midst of thei auction sale a
man came forward and whispered at
some length to the t(uctloneer. Then
he went back and mingled with the)
croowd. The auctioneer rapped on
the table and announced: I
"A pocketbook containing two
thousand dollars bas been lost. It
it is returned to me, the owner will
pay fifty dollars rewa/rd and no ques-
:ions asked." I
There was a moment's silence, and
then a voice toward bhe back o tthe
crowd was heard:
"iFlftytmaj!"
ALREADY  IN  THE  SERE AND
YELLOW
Some one has safd tbat an old mnn
is simply a man twenty years older
than ourselves. This littlq joke from
Punch is evidently founded on tnat
observation, which, if you will consider it, Ib an acute one.
And how's dad?" asked the visitor
of a small friend of ajbout eight yeftrs.
'"Pretty well, thank you- considering," replied the boy.
"Considering what?" inquired the
visitor, puzzled.
"Well, hq-s getting a 'bit old, you
know," replied the boy. "He'll be
thirty tomorrow."
O BOSTON
Urging that the candidates ln an
impending local political struggle
make a study of terse -English, the
Boston Herald drives Its argument
home) by quoting this conversation
between two young women who met
at a party:
ISay, usen't you work at Smith's?"
"Sure, I seen you there," she replied with cordiality. "Usen't your
teet to ache you?"
IS SHE 80 BAD A COOK?
The member of parliament who
contributed an article to a popular
magazine on How We Are: Happy
Though Married, says Punch, Willi
have explanations to make when his
wife reads his article—if she bothers
to—and finds this statennent an it:
"The cheerfulness I an able to sustain because my wife is never too
tired to neglect the preparation of
the evening meal."
SHE 8AW NOT THE BEAM
How eajiy it ls to seo others' fall-
Ungsings! How hard to recognise
our own!
A girl called at the registry oflice
for servants and was asked Iby the
lady in charge vby she had left her
last place.
"I couldn't stand the wajy. the missis
and master were always quarreling,"
she replied.
"Alwjays?" echoed the lady..
"Yes, always," said the girl; "wben
it wasn't me and him, it wa)s me and
her."
A  POSITIVE  CHARACTER
A country doctor, says the Argonaut was driving along a mountain
road ' when 4 man iby the roadside
hailed him.
"Say, doc, has the man up tbe
creek got smallpox?" he asked.
"Well, I can't say just now," said
the doctor; "I'm not sure,"
''My mother-in-law says i'ts smallpox."
"Really! Has your mother-in-law
seen the case?"
"Naw."
"Well, bas your mother-in-hiw ever
■ean a cas of smallpox?"
"Naw. But that don't make any
difference to my mother-in-law."
WHO'S RANDOM?
"Twas a hard and bloody battle at
tihe pistol range. At last the Instructor called: "Fire a|t Random!"
After the carnage) had ceased one
freshman still stood with his pistol at
"ready," a full cKp in it
"Hey, you," yelled the instructor.
"Why didn't you shoot?"
"I'm waiting for (Random to stick
his head around tbe parapet"
USING THE IMAGINATION
A small boy, says the Tatter, solemnly sat by the side of a pool, fishing (
"What .are you fishing for, little
man," askad a man who was passing.
"Sharks," replied the boy.
"But there are no sharks in that
pool, my little man," said the mnn.
"There ain't any flsh in the pool,"
a)nswered the child stolidly, "so I
might aB well flsh for sharks as anything else."
Proved safe by millions and prescribed by physicians for
Colds     Headache      Neuritis        Lumbago
Pain       Neuralgia      Toothache     Rheumatism
| DOES NOT AFFECT THE HEART
Accept only "Bayer*"1
which contains pi
*sw
       ckage
proven directions.
Handy "Bayer" boxes ot  18 table*
Alw bottles ol 84 and 100-DragfMa.
•Mpim Is tb« tnrh mirk (re-rlstersd to OtiniJ*) of Beyet SUa*t*eteee *t ttemt
scMester ot Ssllc/Ucscld (Acstyl Ssllclllc ±f>* "\J:1>JL.^£!ta-5L£ 2?Tits.
Ust Aspirin mm Bsrsr msnafsctun-. to ssstst 1** paMl«_sf»tost ImltaUtaaxe** ™***9
et Bs-rM Ooopur vrtU In stamped with thtlr s*-*t-t twas ssuk, tka "sMJ-st WsW
CITY REAL  ESTATE
FOR SALE
Applications for immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by the City, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Prices:—From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Terms t--Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may be seen at the
CitylOffice.
JOHN A. HUTTON.
Gity Clerk.
J
Sometimes the informality
of the spoken word
is more effective
than a letter.
'LONG DISTANCE, PLEASE'
British   Columbia  Telephone
Company
umim nn iiimiiiniitiiiiiiiiiiiii imitim ihihihiiiiii ttt[uiiiiiiiHi!iiiJiiiiiiiHiiii!ifU!Uiuiinititii!!i!i!'r
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year THB SUN: GRAND FOBKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
"The White Empresses of the Pacific"
/?(•
A striking note of interest comes in
one of the first announcements
for 1987 from the office ol the Chairman of tho Canadian Pacific Steamship*, Mr. E. W. Beatty. "The
White Empresses of the Pacific" will
again be the connecting transportation link between Canada and the
Orient. The company's palatial fleet
of monster steamships on the Pacific
ocean wiU assume its former glory of
being garbed in white, tf
The Empress of Asia will arrive in
Vancouver on Jan. 24, and will be the
first to arrive In Canadian waters
spic an' span in white paint. According to the official order, the white
paint will be topped off by a suitable
shade of Pacific blue around the
sheer line streak of the vessels. This
-vas used when th* three-funnel fleet
wu formerly painted white, and the
effect acclaimed the ships among the
most attractive in world commerce.
On Feb. 13 the blue-ribbon ship
of the Pacific, the 21,500 ton Empress
of Canada, will arrive in Vancouver
clad in white. Holding the Pacific
speed record of fifteen days, twenty-
one hours from Hongkong to Vancouver and from Yokohama to the
Canadian port in eight days, ten
hours and fifty-three minutes, the
blue line from stem to stern will be a
fitting tribute to the flagship's power
and to Canada's enterprising trade
relations with the Far East.
Arriving in Vancouver on March 6,
ihe Empress of Russia, the 16,900
ton sister-ship to the Empress of
Asia, will be the third to arrive after
annual overhaul in Hongkong and
will complete the fleet to be known
as "The White Empresses of the
Pacific."
As Royal Mail ships these Canadian Pacific Empresses have been
supreme in the trade between
America and Asia, being the largest
and fastest on the Pacific route. Their
service is augmented by being the
important link between Europe and
the Orient by one transportation
system, the largest in the world, the
Canadian Pacific.
Sailing in both directions every
three weeks, these ships, which are
the last word in floating architecture,
have attained great popularity with
the world traveller. They have
carried to the markets of the world
the treasures of Oriental'merchandise
as well as vast cargoes of such commodities as tea and rice. In the world
war these Empresses played no small
part in the protection of the Allied
interests on the Pacific.
In consequence the announcement
from the chief executive of the
company to the effect that the fleet is
again to be known as "The White
Empresses of the Pacific" meet! with
popular favor.
Hunting Army to Invade North Woods
THE SHOOTING STARS
The enormous increase in the sport
of deer hunting has resulted not in
the vanishing of the deer but in the
increase of deer. This is not as
mysterious as it sounds. The more
men penetrate the wilds the fewer
wolves remain. The driving out of
wolves has been the greatest factor
in the increase of deer. But there is
another factor almost as important
as the wolves. The invasion of the
backwoods by an army of enlightened
sportsmen' has demanded a much
stricter and more sporting regard for
game laws than was the custom some
years ago. Destroyers of deer whether
human or animal, have to deal with
• strong and more or less organized
public opinion.
Good Hunting News
- Reassuring news has been coming
in daily to the offices of the general
tourist department of the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company from operators of camps, guides outfitters and
others who report that all signs point
to an unusually promising hunting
season for the current year.
Mike Bates sends down word from
his camps at Metagama, Ontario,
that if the hunters don't get their deer
and moose this season they'll have
nothing to blame but their poor
Bhooting. He says that moose are
very plentiful and 'expects it to be
a great year in every way.
From Schreiber Ontario where John
Handel, outfitter has been operating
the reports are just as reassuring.
Handel reports that the game has
increased in the Superior Game Re-
CALLING THI MOOSE
serve, south of the C.P.R. line and the
surplus has crossed to the north of
the tracks offering good hunting. He
says that caribou are roaming the
woodB in increased numbers, and as
the C.P.R. line is the north boundary
of the game preserve hunters don't
have to go very far for their quarry.
The news from Sheehan's camp at
Lake Penage south west of Sudbury
is also music to the hunters ears.
Deer here are reported to be very
plentiful and sport should be excellent.
TO THE VICTOR THE SP01W
KIDDIES' MENU ON NATIONAL TRAINS
DINING CAR
MENU
FOR THE LITTLE FOLK
%
I BMfc fblk a-travelling go
jTbert's one important tblng to know
About a dining car-—
Tbe Un* wbose printed menus tdk
What binary girls and bay* love ta-eU,
ANO THAT'S THB C.N.R.1
•aft   Al
ijrvj A MEAL in the Diner lit such a treat!
fg!) We find the most wonderful things to eat,
And what makes everything twice worth whllo
to havo it served in the "National Style."
GENERAL NEWS
One year from date of pnbVe-ition'
in the Canada Gazette new regu!?.-
tions requiring the inspection and
grading of fruit for exportation
come into effect. They will require
that all fresh fruit must be ins-x> .ted
and an export inspection certificate
issued showing the grade before
leaving the country.
Reports turned in by guides of the
Ogilvie Bros Camps on the Tobique
River, N.B. are to the effect that
deer, though very plentiful last
season, show signs of much greater
increase. The same word comes from
A. D. Thomas, at South Milford in
the Kedgemakooge district.
Lining Sights.
Should you follow the deer witb
your sights or set your sights ahead
of the deer and let him come on tht:m?
Well, the army training which ir.eii
got overseas taught them to consider
the second system the better. Lewis
gunners firing on moving targets were
taught to throw a burst ahead of the
mark, to see where it struck, and
then let the target move onto the
line of fire. Trying to follow a jump
ing deer in all its excited movement
is harder, probably, than trying to
guess a spot that the deer will pass—
say an opening in the brush on which
to have time to lay your sights sharp
and true. For casual shooters to get
a little practice with their rifles a
method of letting the deer run on
sights already set is regarded as the
most successful.
THIS 1 not a page out of any ordinary nursery rhyme book,
but is the front and back cover
st the Canadian National Railway's
now menu for children, which is now
In wo on all dining cars on the system. No more need the mother
♦ravelling with little ones dread the
twdeal of trying to choose suitable
Steals for the children, with two
ages of combination magus for
akfast, dinner and tea matte up of
most nourishing and appetizing:
.ds obtainable at prices which are
. Haeord with the size of the small
•toons who enjoy the meals.
Tho Canadian National is one of
the flrst •railways tn cater in this
way to.the young travelling' public
mm in future each visit to the dining
car will be looked forward to by the
little folk with great pleasure if only
for the opportunity of seeing again
the "little picture book" from which
they may choose what they will have
to eat.  Eight pages of gaily colored
Sictures and funny little verses com-
ine to make a most delightful story
to pass the time while the waiter is
getting the order.
So attractive is the "Menu for the
Little Polk" and so much enjoyed by
children since its introduction on the
National trains, that numerous appreciations have come into the office
of the superintendent of dining cars,
Mr. Walter Pratt, who feels that he
is doing a service, not only to the
parents, but to many children who
will be taken along on the"very next
trip we make, -»because travelling
with kiddies is certainly no hardship
A record was established at Quebec recently with nine passenger
vessels arriving and landing passengers and mail, the largest number ever to visit the port at any
one time. Included in the arriva s
were the "Empress of Scotland,''
the "Montnairn," "Montclare,"
"Marloch" and "Melita" of tha
Canadian  Pacific  Steamships.
A new high record of $15,824,-
821 in gold production of the prov-'
ince of Ontario during the first
half year is shown in the report just out, the increase over tha
similar period of last year being t
quarter of a million. During tlu
same half year the total production
of all minerals in Ontario was $15,-
103,223, as against $42,684,402 for
the  same  half year  of  192".
up. Proper pruning and thinning io
prevent overbearinv, nnd proper feeding are the best precautions against
the occurrence of such weakness in
the tree.
Even after all the above conditions
have ibeem met, injury majy still bt
produced by an extremely rapid drop
in temperature To guard against
this, certain mechanical protections
tan be employed. The most valu-
uble of these is the use of a cover
crop of vetch or alfalfa to act as a
protection to the tree roots. This
type of protection Is especially necessary in trees growing on shallow,
open soil where a| high percentage of
the roots lief close to the surface of
the groound. Its efficiency has been
so often demonstrated during recent
years, that it Is now considered an
essential to good orchard practice.
Somo protection may u-lso be given
against scald to the south side of
trunks by the use of a shading board,
but scald Is not usually severe If the
three aforementioned conditions in
the tret halve been met.
archs either deposed or merely on
vacation. - t Is said that two deposed
kings, King Manuel of Portugal and
the shah of Persia, were seated together at a' fashionable public resort, placidly sipping a cool drink
and watching the ...entertainment
when a' Parisian ..sat .down an the
only extra chair at their table -The
newcomer made himself agreeable,
and the conversation soon became
general.
When the time eame for departure,
the Parisian asked with whom he had
the honor of speaking.
"I," said the former king of Portugal, "am the king of Portugal."	
"I," said the former shah, "am ths
shah of Persia."
Their unknown companion betrayed no astonishment. "Good night,
gentlemen," he said politely, and
then as he turned to go he added,
"The Grand Mogul bids you   adieu."
Manuel Is reported to have laughed
but the shah was not so well pleased.
To serve the interests of hundreds
of farmers in Southern Saskatchewan two new branch lines of tha
Canadian Pacific Railway started
operation on September 1st, according to announcement by D. C. Coleman, Vice-President, C.P.R. The
longer of the two lines run from
Assiniboine south to Coronach, a
distance of 59 miles, and the second,
a 27-mile stretch, runs from Brom-
head to Lake Alma.
COULD TELL A GOOD ONE TOO
Paris, though It has had no king of
Its own for a good many years, Is the
"happy    hunting    ground"   for mon-
ANSWERED
He   (feeling   his   way)—Do   you
think one could marry on fifteen hundred a year??
She—One couldn't marry me.
The 10b members of the British
Newspapers' Society left Canada
thoroughly impressed with the opportunities Canada possesses Their
impressions are that Canada was
already great and is potentially
much greater, and they were amazed that so much could have been
accomplished in Canada in such a
short time by so few people. They
sailed from Montreal on the Canadian Pacific Steamship "Montclare," the ship having a large passenger list.
After a strenuous six weeks travelling across the Dominion of
Canada, Their Royal Highnesses,
the Prince of Wales and his brother
George, embarked on the Canadian
Pacific Flagship, the "Empress of
Scotland," tired but happy. Prince
Edward says, "Every time I come to
your country I am more and more
attracted by the wonderful natural
scenery and the warmth of the welcome extended by Canadians, and
trust that it will not be long before we meet again."
Approximately 1,000 members of
the American Legion visited Montreal on their way to Paris, France,
where they will hold their 9th annual convention. The people came
from Idaho, Buffalo, Wisconsin,
Washington, Montana and North
and South Dakota. Frank X.
Schwab, mayor of Buffalo, gave the
Legionnaires of that city a wild
buffalo to be presented to the citizens of Paris. They crossed to. Antwerp on the "Montnairn" and
"Montroyal," both liners in the
Canadian Pacific service.
"A land of good wages and unlimited possibilities," is the manner in which Premier Stanley Baldwin characterized Canada in his first
public address in the Old Country
after his return from the Dominion. Ninety-five per cent, of the
men (of whom we hear too much)
who go out to the Dominion and
fail, owe their, failures to themselves. I have no doubt that a man
can succeed on,the land there even
if he has not been brought up in
the country at home. A little train*
ing will go a long way."    '
now and it is a shame to deprive
them of all the fun they could get
out of their own personal dining car
service sucb as this," to put it in the
words of one father and mother who
travelled west the "National Way"
just a few days ago.
In an endeavor to make the dining
car service the greatest possible
benefit to the travelling public, Mr.
Pratt has recently inaugurated a
lunch counter service in Colonist
cars between Winnipeg and Toronto.
These are on trial at present and if
they meet with the approval of the
public will be placed on all transcontinental trains in the service. Judging from the patronage of thc first
lunch counter Colonist car sent out.
the convenience is much appreciated.
WINTER PROTECTION OF FRUIT
TREES IN  BRITISH  COLUMBIA
There are a few outstanding points
In connection with protection against
winter injury to fruit trees which, if
thoroughly understood, wdll apt as a
guide to one's orchard practices
throughout tbe whole year. In order
that the fruit tree may best with-'
stnd winter conditions, it must, first,'
have reached complete maturity before wtfnter sets in; second, have
ample moisture in its tissues; apd
third, have an abundant supply of
stored food.
To accomplish the first point mentioned, see to lt that the tree has an
eve/n and plentiful moisture supply
throughout the spring afnd summer
months, but discontinue irrigation
(usually in (September) ln time to
allow the maturing process In the'
tree to be completed before winter.'
Where moisture contents are likely'
to run too high in the fall, and growth
in the tree continue too long, considerable assistance cap be obtained
from using a cover crop to absorb'
much of the moisture. I
The second point may best be accomplished by applying a late irrigation just before wtinte/r freeze-up
comes. Freezing is, in reality, a
drying out process in the tissues of
the treie and the late irrigation is an
excellent preventive for this. ;
In the tbird point, cultural conditions must be considered for the
whole yoar. It ls a frequently observed fact tha)t those tree|s havting'
a low supply of reserve food in their
tissues, brought about eithejr because'
of their having borne a heavy crop'
or of their being in a low state of vi-'
tality, generally suffer more In a'
severe winter thanthose where an
amplt food supply bas  been stored
DO YOU WANT
THE PEOPLE
TO READ YOUR
ADVERTISEMENT
People take TheJ Sun
because they ||believe
it is worth the price we
charge|| for it. It is
|| H.:therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents, including
advertism ents. This
is not -always the case
wifh newspapers that
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
WE DO NOT
WANT CHARITY
ADVERTISING-
Advertising "to help
the editor.'VBut we do
want businessadvertis-
ing by progressive business men who, know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If you have something to offer the public that will ^benefit
them and you as well,
the newspaper reaches
more peo pie than a bill
board
SUU READERS
KNOW WHAT
n.LY WANT
Hnd if you have the
goods you cnn do business with them THB SUN: GBAND FOBKS, BRITISH OOJjUMBU
TEA
TOO
Its superb flavour satisfies.
THE CITY
A wireless to The Sun last night
stated that Tunney won the big fight
in Chicago ln the tenth round. It
was said tligat Dempsey was not completely knocken out—-but, anyway,
Tunney  was  glvefli  the  decision.
Margaret Mary Smith, aged 13
years, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Angus Smith, who resided in this city
Up till itbout a "year ago, dlel at Marcus, Wash., last Friday. The funeral
was to have been in this city on the
arrival of the Great Northern train
last Monday afternoon, but as the
child had died of infantile "paralysis,
Dr. Truax, medical health of^cnr, refused to issue a burial permit, and
Intern-tent was therefore made at
Marcus.
Lloyd W. Folsom, aged four years
and six months, son of Mr. and Mrs.'
Lloyd W. Kolsom, of Penticton, died
lasa Sunday at the home of Mr. and
Mrs. Archie Simpson, where the parents are visitors. Thq funeral was
held on Tuesday, interment being
made  in   Evergreen   cemetery.
Aev. J. W. 'Helps, the new pastor
of Knox Presbyterian church, arrived
in the city this week from the coast.
.His wife and family wi 1 join him
here in the course of a couple off
weeks. I
William     Eureby   and  family  are
spend the present week in Spokane.
C. D. Pearson is reported to be taking aviation lessons in Spokane this
week.
Mrs. Donald McCallum left on
Tuesday evening to visit friends and
relatives in Toronto.
(Walter Larsen and family are taking a week's vacation in Spokane.
The Presbyterian church intends
reopening of the Sunday school the
first Sunday in October at 9:45 a.m.
There   will   be   special   features.
Miss Elsie Egg has returned home
from a two weeks' visit with friends
at Myncaster.
Sam Moore, a linotype operator on
the Edmonton Journal, passed
throough the city yesterday on his
way to the coast in a Ford.
The K. of P. lodge e.ntertained its
members at an enjoyable card party
on Tuesday night.
Chief Docksteader left this morning for a week-end holiday in Spokane.
Arrattemeints have been arranged
for the beei of the Presbyterian
church to be rung at a quarter to 11
ln the morning and at 7:15 in thc
evening, as wel   as at 11 and 7:30.
Dr. James Collier, a well known
British physician, says some striking
about poliomyelitis, commonly known
as Infantile paralysis. He avers it
Ib conveyed by human contact only
and usually by those who do not suffer with symptoms of the malady,
that Is. by carriers. Investigations
of households showed that where
there wus .an acute case, 30 per cent
of the non-affected inmates were
found to carry virus. The virus of
ollpomyclitis is lnstantlyrendert;d impotent by hydrogen peroxide, or by
a one per cent solution ot perman-
genattt of potash. Therefore either
of theBe would valuable solutions
with which to gargletlie children's
nostrils and throats several times
each day:
Percy E. Taylor and his father
and mother, 'Mr. and Mrs. Nathan
Taylor, of .Grand Forks, arrived
horn-1 Friday from a trip to Wen.-it-
chee and olher cities in the state of
Washington, the journey being ma.le
by motor. Mr. and Mrs. Nalhan Taylor have returned to Grand Forks
after visiting over the week-end it
their son's home here.—Rossland
Mine**-.
L?*/eI G ossingr
Most Dangerous
HILE pedestrians and "fool"
drivers constitute the greatest menace to safety and
peace of mind under the congested
traffic conditions of larger cities, the
biggest danger to drivers gene«)ally
in smaller towns and country dis
tricts are levej railroad crossings
according to ■ a safety bulletin just
issued by the service bureau of the
Automobile Club of British Columbi-i.
Warning motorists to take extreme
care in crossing railroad tracks, the
bulletin declares:
"In trying to beat another motorist
cross an intersection, in itself a sufficiently foolish act, a cm-ash usually
results ln adented fender, a broken
bead-lamip, a few mutual threats and
pirhaps some abusive language. But
in a similar contest with a locomotive
there can be but one outcome, the
iron horse having an unbroken string
of victories in all cases."
Thq final solution of the grade
crossing problem will come only with
the elimination of the level crossing
itself, the club bulletin contends, by
substitution of the "over-pass" or
subway. Much valuable work in this
resipect has been 'accomplished hy
governmtnt engineers under d fflcult
circumstance recently, the Cariboo
highway being a particularly shining
example, the bullet n points out.
"There ,are still many dangerous
level crossings on our leading highways, however," tha club bulletin con
tinues. "In crossing these the motorists should make sure that there s
nothing approaching for at least a
quarter of a mile on either side be
fore proceeding. Express trains travel int h gli speed and require consld
cirable distance 'n which to egect a
full stop. They have the right of
way and the powe:- to take It; the
wise motorist will lot them have  t.
The oft-quoted query, "What are a
few seconds to eternity?" sums up
the entire situation, concludes the
club bulletin.
Vegetable's never show up with
splendor equal to ihe chromos In thc
seed   catalogue. i
Preparing Pullets
for Lay in j Oon te5t
r-HE preparing of pullets for the
laying con tes; is of very great
lmporta'nce and this is the right
time of the year to make the prepar-
u-tion. Pullets whicli are not properly deeloped, or those which are under
nourished, cannot ibo expected to do
well when they enter the contest on
Novembelr 1.
Starting about the mliddle of Sep-
temlber the pullets should be gone
over carefully and the most desirable ones selected aid confined in a
house by themselves. If a small
gi-ass run is convei lent it can be
used for sj time and thus reduce
range conditions gradually. About
October 10 the pullets should be con-
lined to tlie house, which should bti
bright and comfortable, The size of
thc pen shoould bj about six feet
wide by ten or two ve feet deep and
should face the sou li.
The practice of lading pullets intended for contest ij of considerable
imporU)nce, as changes in daily routine, even though th ; same grains are
used, often produ. 3 unsatisfactory
results. The me'liod of feeding
birds in the Cans-idi: \ national egg
laying contest ls given ibedow, aind
contestant!* would ba well advised to
adopt the method md follow it fairly
closely.
The scratch grain used in the feeding of contest birls is made up of
equal parts ot cracked corn, wheat
t^nd oats. All grains are of good
quality. Shrunken or heated grains
ara never used. This scratch grain
is fed sparingly morning and late
afternoon ln deep, dry Utter, the object being to and ice the ibirds ot
work.
Perhaps the socr.it of success in
feeding for egg production lies in the
proper administration of feeds bo -ik
to induce birds to eat dry mash. It
has bee'n found at tbe laying contest
at Ottawa that the birds which lay
best are those which    consume    the
most dry mijsh. The dry mash used
at the commencement of the. contest
year consists of equal parts by weight
of bran, shorts, cornmeal and ground
oats, with 12 per cent 'beet meal, 5
pe-r cent ground charcoal and 1 per
cent cod liver oil. This mash Is
plafced in a self-feeding hopper and
kept before the birds at all times.
Birds should be regularly supplied
with gfeen food such as kale, cabbage, mangels or flne cut clover or
alfalfa Fresh water, grit and oyster shell should be be-fore them at all
times.
Trap-nests should also "oe provided
so as to train the birds which may
start laying before leaving home and
thus prevejnt a loss through floor eggs
after the contest commences.
Simplicity ln feeding, constant care
il'id regular attention are essentials
in. the preparing of birds for the laying contest, and a good start quite fre
fluently means a strong finish.—A.
G. Taylor, Poultry Husbandman.
Infantile
Paralysis--
What Is It?
that a short crop is Invariably overestimated.
The chop ln the district in genedal
ls the finest quality ever produced.
Excellent growing conditions and decided freedom from pests and other
Injuries, indicate that the shrinkage
lncrop will be offset by thel, quality
produced.
As production promises to be light
both east -and west, and with the volume of having having its customary
influence on prices, the) seasori should
be profitable.
HAT is it? It was thought to
be due to a specific germ, "a
delfinite coccus" which attacked the spinal cord so that a portion is
destroyed for ever. It was further asserted that a serum may avert the
scourge and that "whejn the serum
is found it will be possible to avert
the disease before the palralysis takes
place." The abovei treatment would
be reasonable enough for those who
believe in germs as the cause of disease, provided the germ could he found
and segregated, which apparently ls
not the case. In Collier's Magazine
of November 5, 1910, we find tbal at
the Rockefeller Institute Dr. Flexner
"succeeded in isolating the germ,which
Is so small that lt is doubtful if by any
device lt has Ibeen seen." Again, according to Dr. iH. E. Robertson, of the
University of Minnesota, "It is so
minute as not to be distinguishable
under a microscope." (Then how maly
we reasonably Infer its existence,) By
infection? Then why not more than
one me mjber usually in a family or
household, for, according to Dr. Rich-
rd Cabot, in New York's epidemic of
191-6, 1000 cases represented approximately a thousajnd different houses
or families, i.e., one oasa per household.. Now, since this knowledge has
admittedly led to no useful purpose,
let us consider the chlropratic view
of this dreader disease since it has,
beyond the questloon of a doubt,
demonstrated to bo) the remedy par
excellence. The cure of these cajses
of infantile panalysis has beep dally
watched and wltnnessed by hundreds
at the Palmer Institute at Davenport,
Iowa. IMost of us are fa|mtiUar with
symptoms, which, after the initial attack, arq noticeable chiefly by a flaccid paralysis, usually of one leg, or
a) leg and arm on the same side, with
a peculiar "foot drop." This, by common agreement, is caused by inflammation of the spinal cord, or the
neirves going thereto.
The prolonged excessive heat finally dries up and hardens some of the
nerve substance, rendering it ineffectual to carry motor and trophic (nutrition ( impulses from the br-iln to the
limb involved iby way of the spinal
cord. Thus tbere is interference with
the two functions of motion and nutrition.
My own experience in thest cases
has compelled me to accept as true
the findings of the Palmier Institute
(P. C. S.) and similar colleges. It
has been determined theft slight mis-
iplacemejnts of the small 'bones of the
spine and more especially of those
uppermost arta responsible for the
inflammation of the spinal cord. In
case ot partial palralysis of the leg
there is danger of curvature ot the
spine, due to the shortening of one
limb.
The remledy Is to improve the nutrition, locally, so that the shorter
leg will grow asd approximate^ at
least if not actually equal (as in
many cases it does) the normal one
in length. This: achieved, there will
bef no tilted pelvis with its accompanying, curvature. Time is, of
course, an essential factor In the recovery of confirmed cases.—W. F. E.
Durrajnt, D.CF.A.C., in Western
Tribune)
HOME-MADE JELLIES
In making digerent kinds of jellies
the hoousekeeper very often finds the
results of her work to be) somewhat
uncertain. ISometimes the jelly refuses to harden, or it becomes
sticky, or some/ other trouble crops
up. However, a bulletin on preserving fruits and vegetables in the home,
distributed by the publications
branch of thel department of t-griciil-
ture, Ottawa, tells how to avoid
these difficulties. It is pointed out
that in order to make good jelly it is
essential to have fruits that contain
pectin and acid. The best fruits for
making jelly are those which contain these two ingredients in the
proper proportions, such as apples,
-grapes, currants and j urns. Strawberries, blueberries, etc., lack pectin
and require the addition of apples or,
currants, which are blgh in pectin'
content. Wben fruit becomes over-'
i-ipei its pectin looses Its value tor
jelly-making. It Is therefore neces-'
sary to use fruit which ls just ripe ur
s ightly underripe). Full directions;
for making jellies and a number of
recipes are given in the bulletin.
WASHINGTON   APPLE  CROP
18 BELIEVED OVERESTIMATED
Okanogan, Wash.—Although figures comip l<fd by field representatives of several shipping organizations show a decrease ln the Wenat-
ehee-Okanogan district of ,15 per
cant froml last year's apple crop, the
qp nion is freely expressed that the
present estimate of 15,00 cars might
be high ln view of the) fact that reports of individual growers sbow an
average of 60 per cent to 65 per cent
of last year, coupled with the fact
An unwelcome guest is one of
tho "beet things going.
KNOX   PRESBYTERIAN  CHURCH
SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 2STH
11:00 A.M.,
"THAT VILLAGE  CARPENTER  OF
NAZARETH"
7:30 P.M., .
"THE DAWN OF THE DAY"      j
Solo at Bach .Service. |
Devotional  Service  Fridays at 8:00.
The Church for the People. I
TIMItlill MALS XD250 i
SJJ1LKI) THXDKI-f* will be laueivsil by Ilia
Dis.i u-i   Kntes-ter, Ni'Ikisii,  not-  later thuu
noon in ilixiitl, iln, oi uoioliir, 19.7, fur Ilie
li iirlms-e  ol l.li-eiice X9:5ii.  us-nr r>rlstli,ii
Llllr. tncllt    1B.S--5   M. !'<>■>ll   fjutof Sn'vl Iff,
■nd 1127 lltiiial feet o: Cedar l'olj,.
One (1) yearn will he ,iilowe,l for removal
tt -in ber- |
Purine' 'siirlii-iilnr*of the Chle* Kore-ter,
\ tets.ria. or tbe lllstrlet former, Ke son, B.C. i
y.
¥9.
CANCELLATION  DF  RE8ERVE.
VOTICIilSIIEKKYIilVl-Nlliat Ihe re.erve
1' covering; Lots SiKISs, 1007-, 8008. and
S'iOiss, Slmilkameeis Division of Vsle District,
ib cancelled.
G. R. NADEN,
Deputy Miuister of Lunds-.
Department of l.iiiuls
Vletisrln, B. «..
15m July, 1IK7.
GROCERY
Phone 30
Try our Special Tea
at 65c per lb
Shoes, Shirts, Overalls
Good] values   for your
money.
Call and see 'us before
purchasing.
JOHN DONALDSON
General Merchant
GRAND F  BKS
Transfer Co.
DAVIS 8 HANSEN. Props
■lAty Baggage and General
Transfer
i'oaU  Wood and   Ice
for Sale
Get Your
Groceries
at the
CITY GROCERY
Phone 25
"Service and Quality"
E.G. Henniger Go.
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Cement and Plaster
Poultry Suoplies*
Grand   Forks
, IJ. C.   I
Hobby
is
Good
Printing!
I^JUK value of mcII-
- prLitcd, neat appearing stationery ns
a means pf getting and
holding desirable business has been ninply
dcmoisst rated. Consult vt before going
els •v-li'-irce
VVcdiling iiivit-ilions
lia.l I'l-ogmnis
Birth :£s cards
Vi .  n% curds
Sh'    ing tags
Lettei-he.ids
StateniDiits
Noteheads
Pamphlet 3
Price lists
Envelopes
Billheads
Circulars
Dodgers
Posters
Menus
New Type
Lateit Style
Faces
THE SUN
Colombia Avenue and
lake Street
TELEPHONE
SYNOPSIS OF
LANDACTAMENDMENTS
PRE-EMPTIONS
Vacant unreserved.surveyed Crown
lands may be pre-empted by Uritlsh
subjects over 18 years of age, and by
aliens on declaring intention to become British subjects, conditional
upon residence, occupation and lm-
ment for agricultural purposes.
Full information concerning regulations regarding pre-emptions • ls
given ln Bulletin No. 1 Land Series,
"How to Pre-empt Land," copies of
which can be obtained free of charge
by Addressing tne Department of
Lands, Viivtoria, B. C, or any Government Agent.
Records will be made covering only
land suitable for agricultural purposes, and whicb is not timberland.
I.e., carrying over 5,000 boajd feet
per acre west of the Coast Range,
and 8,000 feet per acre east of that
range.
Applications for pre-emptions are
to be sjddressed to the Land Commissioner of the Land Recording Division, in which the land applied tor
is situated, and are made on printed
forms, copies of which can be obtained from the Land Commissioner.
Pre-emptions must be occupied for
five years a>id improvements made to
the value of $10 per acre, Including
clearing and cultivating at least five
acres, before a Crown Orant cob be
received.
iFor more detailed information see
the Bulletin "How to Pre-empt Land."
PURCHASE
Applications are received for purchase of vacant and unreserved
Crown Lands, not being timberland,
for agricultural purposes; minimum
price of first-class (arable) land is
$5 per a(cre, and second-class (graslng) land $2.50 per acre. Further
information regarding purchase or
lease of Crown land is given in Bulletin No. 10, Land Series, "Purchase
and Lease of Crown Lt-nds."
Mill, factory, or (Industrial sites on
timber land, not exceeding 40 acres,
may be purchased or leased, on conditions Including payment of stumpage.
HOMESITE  LEASES
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding
20 acres, may be leased as homesites,
conditional upon a dwelling being
erected in the) flrst year, title being
obtainable after residence and improvement conditions ajre fulfilled
and land has been surveyed.
LEASE8
For grazing and industrial purposes areas not exceeding 640 acres
may be leased by one person or a
company.
GRAZING
Under the Grazing Act the Province ls divided into grazing districts
and die range administered under a
Grazing Commissioner. Annua'I grazing -permits are issued based on numbers ranged, priority being slven to
lestafcfished ownars. Stock owners
may form associations for range management Free, or partially free, permits are available for settlers, campers and travellers up to ten head.
K. SCHEEfi
Wholesale and Retail
TOBACCONIST
onler ia
Havana Cigars, Pipe*
Confectionery
wmm
PalaceBarber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty"
Off tor  ot  K.  P.  Petrie'a Store
( Phone 64
?. A   Z. PARE, Proprietor
..FIRST ST, NEXT P. BURNS'
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand Forks, II. C.
A. E. MCDOUGALL
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER ,
Ailent
bisinlnicn Mo.tuiitentnl Worka
Aabc-atoe Products Co. RooBnft
^ESTIMATES FURNISHED
BOX 332     BRAND FORKS, 6. C
pictures'
MO PICTURE FRAMING
Furniture Made to Order,
Also Ropairing of all Kinds,
Upholstering Neatly Done
r. c. McCutcheon
fnimiria avisos

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.xgrandforks.1-0341594/manifest

Comment

Related Items