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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Dec 30, 1927

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 *Jhe Btm WtarffH Its ISxmb. te A WWJJ -***i* f raapt*wua Nt?u) f rar
THE regular meeting of the Qrand
Forks city council was held in
the couucll chamber on Wednesday evening, the mayor and all
the aldermen being present.
A letter was received from E. W.
Batemttn o f the Canadian-Pacific
railway, in connection with completion of tho transfer of a portion of
Third street."
A cheque was received from the
provincial government for the jiari-
niutu-1 grant ot $758.44.
The clerk was in tructed to com-
pleto (he registration of parcels D
and 1- In District Lot 493, tjid to secure rel'erenco plans for the same.
Police Magistrate J. A. McCallum
was liranted leave of absence for
throe months.
The mayor reported that some
miner repairs would b? made to the
telephone lino to (jlouce ter ctenp in
ordor lo allow the management of the
Union mine to keep In touch with
th0 city.
The board of works reported tho
sale of a set uf sleighs for $40.
The following schedule recommended by the skating rink committee, was approved by the counoil:
Monday, from 7 to 8 p.m. senior
hockey team; Tuesday, high school
hockey team; Wednesday, reserved;
Thur di)v, 'public school hockey
team.; Friday
"Tell mr whit you Know Is tru.!
I can tnt-as u well is you."
THE Dominion's year of Diamond
Jubilee will go down ln history
as one of the most notable and
prosperous in he annals. The Jubilee celebrations on July 1, 2 and 3
were naton-wldo and evoked a spirit
0? pstn-lo'V; pride In the Dominion,
its ftthtSTs r<nd Its ahlevements, that
d : c-7* trp.ted that, no matter what
tMWfiice indications may portend,
there is from Atlantic to Pacific a
gem-ino leve for' the land of the Maple Leaf. The chimes of the new
rtirliilon ln the Peace Tower at Ottawa reached from coast to coast and
oven across the Atlantic, and their
message served but to add to the
great national scgniflctpce of celebrations. Raee and creed * differ-
hoekey contest or car- onees wcro forgotten; political dlvl-
ulval; Saturday, girls' hockey team; sions ceased to exist; the people of
the city to receive 50 per cent of tho Canada were united els one in their
gat3 receipts, Ko practice allowed rejoicing at what had been accom-
on Sundays, cud no smoking, swear- pushed in a scant sixty years and doing or playing tf'3 allowed on the Ice. terminod to build well upon the
The mayor and clerk were appoint- foundations laid by those who have
ed a committee to take the necessary, passed on. (
action    for    the    collection    of out-!    Added importance to the Diamond
standing taxes on the property own- ] Jubilee v.as given by a visit from the
Through France by Canal,lT$ FOR
ed hy lho Columbia & Western Hpil-
way company.
line cisse sor returned the assessment rell of the city and school districts for 1928.
The Bible in School
To the Ed tor of The Sun.
.Sir:—As news das reached here
that there is a movement to get a
new Bible schools act passed in your
progressive province, and as the
puestion appears to be an Imperial
one, making for character training
and -..ood c tinenship, it may interest
your readers to know that the is a
Bible' in schools bill to be brought
before the New Zealand legislature
next session, that will also provide
for the learning of the Ten Command
ments, which all creeds are agreed
uponupon. Tihe education department Is to dr:uv .up a syllabus of-
Scripture lessons to b0 read.
In the board schools.In England, 25
minutes daily are devoted to Bible
instruction, learning the Ten Commandments, Proverbs, etc., and hymn
singing. Every teacher has an official Bible lesson syllabus, and a syllabus for Jewish scholars, and every
scholar has n school Bible.
I would respectfully suggest that
those Interested should first take a
vote of the parents of scholars; your
school trustees or education boards
can supply their names. This was
done hero with success, and I have
enclosed r| copy of ballot paper used,
and also a statement In favour of
Bible In schools, made by our national director of schools.
I notice that many loaders favour
Bible reading ln schools and they
shite that Iliblo reading will aid In
reducing juvenile crime.
Bible In schools was made a political question here; the Reform party
who favoured were returned to power by a large majority.
I notice that the following American states, viz: Pennsylvania, AIl1-
bama, Tennessee, New Jersey and
Georgia, have passed, in recent years,
Bible reading In schools bills, which
make Bible reading compulsory in
every strife school. In parts of Canada, I notice that the local school
trustees decide the question of Bible
reading in scools, but educationists
state that that method is a mistake
they say the question should be left
to the central education authority to
decide, and if adopted, made mandatory In all schools; that was tht decision of the South African Union
education commission.
Trusting you will excuse this liberty, Yours truly,
'Secretary, Citizens' Bible in Schools
Committee. _
10 Taft Street, Brooklyn, is,
Wellington, New Zealand,
8th December, 1927.
Prince of Wales and his brother
Prince George, who were accompanied by Rt. Hon. Stanley Baldwin,
prlrao minister of Great Britain, and
his helpmife wife. It was unfortunate that, they could not time their
visit so as to participate In the jubilee celebration in July, but thsir
stay in August perhaps served a good
purpose, as it gave Canadians ln till
parts of the country an opportunity
to follow up their demonstrations of
love for their own land by fervent
proofs of their loyalty to the British
crown and commonwealth. The
party landed tt Quebec July 13. Mr.
and Mrs. Baldwin were only able to
stay nineteen days, but in that time
managed to go west as far as the
British Columbia border cpd back for
a flying glimpse of the Maritime provinces.
The two prlnceB, had a little more
time part of which they spent on the
E. P. ranch in Alberta. Everywhere
they went they were given illustrations of the people's affection for
them. Especially was this the case
where the royal highnesses met the
eider prince's comrcjles of the war.
At Toronto, Winnipeg, and Calgary
there were enormous parodes of veterans to Bee and cheer the solditer
prince and sailor brothe. At Toronto
15,000 soldiers and their families
stood for hours in pouring rain to
meet the princes, producing o demon
stratton which could hardly be equal'
ed anywhere else ln the empire.
An international touch was given
to the visit of the -princes and the
British premier by their participation
in the consecration ceremonies of the
Peace Bridge over the Nlagarr) river
on Sunday, August 7. The ties of
amity which unite the two great English-speaking nations were bound the
more tightly by the impressive yet
simple ceremonies which marked the
occasion. The British and Canadian
delegates were met by the secretary
of state of the United States atnd
other high officials, who reciprocated
tn every possible way the greetings
brought by the heir to the throne and
the premiers of Great Britain and
The princes sailed from Quebec on
September 7 tind have promised to
"come back soon."
On 'September 15 ai compliment
was paid Canada by the Dominion
being elected a member of the
League of Nations for three years.
Her first delegate was Hon. Re-iul
Dandurand, who was In 1925 the
chairman of the league.
Financially and commercially the
year wc), one of great progress and
prosperity. A bumper crop in the
west was somewhat damaged by bad
weather in the fall, yet the result
was such as to send through the
whole business and over industrial
community an electrifying influence
which promises to mt*,ke 1928 even
more prosperous than the year of
Diamond Jubilee.
Two often cease to    be
alter they are made one.
Boys who resent the commonplace
are la danger.
NE may see France either
through the front doors or Its
back doors. The first Includes
trains de luxe, bustling cities, big
hotels, and personally conducting
guides; and the national front-door
steps are scrubbed to a whiteness for
your anticipated arrival.
"llhe second leads you, by unfrequented paths, past the back doors of
family life and native customs. Nobody knows you are coming, so you
Ket the potluck and warm welcome
accorded lo an unexpected guest.
The back-doors voyager, whose patron saint is Robert Louis Stevenson, has a confirmed preference for
do-inr; lt afoot or astride a donkey or
a bicycle; but a newer way Is by
Such a recent voyage began at St.
Malo, Brittany. Wide, wet sands
where red-capped -fishermen miend
(heir nets, a tangle of narrow streets
atop a fortified rock whose turreted
iiamparts ae grim with an age-long
beating back of the sea and sea-borne
invaders—that sis St. Malo.
a Ranee, au inlet of the Bea at St.
Malo, was the starting point. It ds a
placid-appearing channel when tlie
tide is in, but when the tide turns tho
very bottom seems to drop out. The
tidal rise in 'La Ranee is between 25
and 50 feet, according to the season.
So rapid is the rise that Breton farm'
or-flshermen declare that a horseman
on the flats as the water starts ln
cannot escape it.
At Le Chatelier ls the flrBt lock
which separates the turbulent Ranee
lorn the Illo-el>Rance canal. "Canal"
seems almost a libelous description
of those Idyllic streams. Instead of
some inflexibly straight cut, imipriE-
oned between stone embankments
and suggestive of sewage, imagine
sylvan windings innumerable, water
lilies afloat, bank-bordering poplars
a-niarch against the sky, and far
ahead the subaqueous ghost of some
woodland embowered bridge dipped
in the mirroring vista.
Dinan and Beyond
Dlnan is the fist town of impor-
portance to be reached on the Ille-et-
Rance canal. The clap of sabots resound through the quaint streets
whose fifteenth century house walls
and carved arcades beflttingly frame
a scene of snowy-capped old women
and shovel-hatted old men, with their
shrewd, kind faces of apple-red freshness. Never were such old folk as
these old Breton peasants—old, mere
ly, l.ke some seasoned vintage of
"imprisoned sunshine."
Beyond Dinan all is "little country," as the French say, with here
and there a cluster of red roofs, or a
distant spire, or lock-keeper's house,
to their charm to that canoe-tempting stream. Everywhere there are
locks. At one stretch there are thirteen within four miles.
At Rennes one leaves the canal and
enters lhe Vilaine river. It is another
lovely stream, which winds its way
through a flexuous, closely shorn
land of, one might almost say, natural golf links. Perhaps it is an indirect compliment to the beauty of
French waterways thut this one
should be called Ugly river.
At Rcdon tho Paris-bound canooist
enters the Nantes-a-BreBt canal which
stretches to the Erdre river, a tributary of the Loire. This latter river
is entered at Nantes and ls followed
upstream for nearly 200 miles to
Avoid the Loire Sand*
The Loire is noted for its sand.
Though the French glass and cement
Industries work overtime and the
dredges do their best, their united
efforts at exhausting the sand of the
Loire are about as effective as "seven
maids with seven mops" sweeping up
a sea beaoh. It ls hopeless, even for
a canoe; the best plan is ship the
craft to the middle Loire, where thc
chateaux" are many and the sand
shoals are fewer.
Langeais, 'Luynes, Amboise, Chau-
niont, Blois—unstrung jewels on the
river bank of the Loire! But they
are jewels which were fashioned and
set'on their river-commanding heights
at different periods and with different alms. Nevertheless they have an
historical bond, since most of them
occupy the sites of Roman camps,
trom which they derive their names.
Langeais is a corrupted form of!
Alingavla, and Maille (the older name
of Luynes) Is but a slight modification of Mallelum. But Gallia de-'
cllned to remain a Roman colony^and
by degrees theBe sites fell into tho
hands of the early Frenchmen, Thereupon they erected fortresses, and the
Romans being out of the way, proceeded to battle among themselves.
Luynes' grim walls and unorna-
ntented towers give us a fair Idea of
what this military fortress was in
the twelfth century , when the Powerful nobles warred against each
other and even against the king.
Around Langeais centered the great
battles between the counts of Anjou
and the barons of Toura-iue. From behind its walls Richard of England
(who was also a count of Anjou) defied the crown, and for centuries the
English continued to use the castle
as a rase of gentlemanly brigandage,
until ths unhappy neighborhood
bought them off with 2000 gold
crowns, stipulating that the fortress
be destroyed. Thereafter hard-fisted
Louis XI having quelled his unruly
vassals and unified France, rebuilt
for for himself a modified Langeais
—the castle as it stands today.
Some Lovely Chateaux
Amboise and Chaumont belong to
the same century as Langeais and
show the same tendencies. They are
military strongholds, softening under
ornamentation of pinnacle and qarv-
ing toward a purpose which became
always less warlike and always more
Of this gradual transition the final
atage is seen in the chateaux of Blois
and Azay-le-Rideau, where not a ghost
of tho somber feudal fortress remains; where windows, and not loopholes, look out upon parks instead of
drawbridges, and where ornament expands into the embroideries of a
pleasure palace in which the rustle of
silks has replaced the clang of mail.
Lilois is the traveler who prefers to
hobnob with the ghosts of gorgeous
cardinals and queens and satin-
doubleted courtiers.
At Orleans tbe canal is regained
and stretches off 785 kilometers to
.the Seine; At Buges, still on the canal—at the intersection of three, in
fact—begins the press of canal traffic that mounts by the mile as Paris
is approached.
Ihe French canal system dates
back to 1C38, when the Canal de Brl-
ai*e was constructed. Since then it
lias swolled into a great complexity
of routes which total more than 3000
miles of canals and nearly 7000 miles
of navigable rivers canalized and
It ls no exaggeration to say that
trallic may be moved from any one
to any other part of France over this
remarkable system, which entails an
annual upkeep expenditure of 30,000.-
000 francs. Its longest link is the
Canal du Midi, which extends 380
miles across southern France, connecting the Rhone with the Atlantic
The maximum of traffic is found on
the Marne-nu-Rhin canal, which In
1919 carried 110,000,000 K.T. or kllo-
motric tons. A K.T. is one ton which
has heen transported ono kilometer.
Multiplying thus the tonnage can-led
by the distance it moved,' we lind In
tho same year a grand total of 773,-
000,000 K.T. as the canal traffic of all
By Erwin Greer
ERE are some very interesting
experiments  with  gasoline as
conducted by A. H.  Hoffman,
agricultural      engineering     division,
University  of  California.
Nowhere and at no time are
knowledge an a cool head more at a
premium than when flre reaches gasoline. Every years automobiles and
trucks by the hundreds are burned
up while their owners stand helplessly looking on.
• Mr Hoffman haa repeatedly
caused an electric spark pass between the very closely spaced points
of a spark plug placed Inverted and
submerged in a quart milk bottle
filled with gasoline The spark
showed bright and was sharply snapping, but no ignition of the gasoline
resulted. The same spark made the
pass while the plug was held in the
mixed gasoline vapor and air above
the liquid gasoline at the top of the
bottle promptly caused a slight explosion, followed by a surface burning of the gasoline vapor which.while
slow at flrst, became more rapid as
the heat generated caused a quicker
vaporization of the fuel. Closing the
mouth of the bottle with the palm of
the hand cut off oxygen supply and
in a second extinguished the Arc. [f
the fire had been permitted to burn
until the unequal heating had cracked the bottle and permitted the gasoline to flow out, a large surface area
would have been exposed to the air,
making possible a very rapid increase of the fire. Even then, however, the application of anything that
would serve to exclude the air from
the fluid gasoline would have smothered the flame.
With the same qucjrt bottle half
full of gasoline, a lighted match ap-
ulied to the mouth ignited the one
pint, of mixed air and gasoline vapor,
causing a stronger explosion and a
slight after burning z*l the surface
of the gasoline which was easily put
out because it was difficult for air to
get in. fast enough to keep the flre
going. With the bottle emptied of
gasoline but still wet, the explosion
v/as much stronger but not enough
endanger the bottle so long as the
mouth was not covered.
Similarly with a gasoline tank,
the more nearly empty the tank is,
the greater will be the volume of
mixed gasoline vapor and air and
the stronger will be the explosion if
flre gets to it. Also the smaller the
opening relative to the volume of
the mixture the more powerful the
explosion. Of course, it is never altogether safe, to say the least, lo
hold a lighted match to the mouth
of a large gasoline tank whether full
or empty, because even if tho tank
did not burst, there might be enough
gasoline and oil soclked wood, , upholstering, etc., in the neighborhood
to  cause  an  explosion.
PANAMA CITY.—Most men take
out insurance as a means of providing for themselves or their families
in case of accident or death, but In-
nocenclo Galindo, a prominent resident of this city, expects to g.iin the
full beneflt of Lis insurance by living.
He has just obtained an insurance
policy by which he will be paid $2000
a year as long as he lives.
For this poliey Mr. Galindo paid
the sum of $8700 and the policy stipulates tlictt for the rest of his life Mr.
Galindo will receive a quarterly annuity of $500. If an allowance is
made for the Interest which Mr. Ga- j on
KELOWNA, Dec. 26.—A SIcamouB i
dispatch quoting F. M. Black, chairman of the committee of direction,
saying that Mr. Hammond would be
prosecuted for violation of the marketing act by shipping his potatoes
to Vancouver without a license, is denied by Mr. Black.
He states that he never made any
such statement, having just returned
from the east and being without adequate information on the Hammond
iVTair. Until ho had conferred wilh
the other members of the committee,
he was not in a position to make u
statement. He had not even discussed the matter at SIcamous, far
less mai. ing a staitement on the action of thc committee. O. W. Hamb-
ling was handling the potato situation, and until he had fully conferred
hu  matter  with   Mr.   Hambllng,
Undo will lose on his $8700, it will be
seen that in about five years he will
break even with the Insurance company and thar thereafter what he
collects on his policy will be bo much
was not in a position  regarding
potato deal.
black, chairman   »r   th-
ominilteo of direction, returned to Kelowna last Monday evening from Ottawa and prallrle
points well satisfied wilh the man-
mcr In which lhe case for the British
Columbia fruit growers htid been presented at Ottawa, notwithstanding
an im-presBlon that H. W. Moore,
chairman of the tariff board, had
somewhat brusque In its reception.
Th0 press reports were very brief,
considering   that   the   case   occupied
ibout two hours   of which  one and
ine-half   hours   were   occupied   with
he    major    presentation   This  was
:ontained in a written  brief.copy of
whicli will be available soon for publication.    The    reportB    featured  tlie
jxtempore remarks of the chairman
rather   than   the   lengthy   series uf
facts laid before Ihe board.
In opening, Mr. Black compared
Iho committee of direction with the
railway commission, which iu effect
controls the sale of trtlnsportation,
and then traced the needs of the fruit
industry and the conditions leading
up to the legislation and formation
of the committee, also Its principal
duties and activities, supplemented
iiy illustrations as to the wi\y certain
crops had been placed on the market
and the cost lo tlie producer of getting them there.
Mr. Black stressed the fact that
prices had to be such as would permit highly perishable commodities to
move into consumption at the times
when Ihey were ready tind that thty
could not be stored. Several Illustrations of this were given.
He also filed with the tariff beard
copies of all orders of the committee of direction, statements of movement of all crops and of apples to
markets in eastern Canada, also a
statement showing prices charged
by jobbers und retailers on the prairies, compared with cost prices laid
Iown, and a statement prepared By
the fruit section of Ihe department of
agriculture showing that prices on
British Columbia winter apples com-
i'ared favorably with those charged
in the United States.
Expression of opinion were that
the opperations of the committet had
been well presented, and some surprise was evinced tin It the chairman
made such a strong pronouncement
immediately at its close.
llhe press gave prominence to this,
but it was not directed against the
operations of the committee to which,
un lho contrary, Chairman Moore was
rtthcr complimentary. He was concerned, he said, more particularly
with the act because it might not always be administered with regard lu
the interests of other provinces.
Mr. Black debated some of his contentions before the hearing finally
During the entire session J. A.
Grant, of Ct'lgary, British Columbia
markets commissioner, was present.
Mr. Black was also interviewed informally by Mr. McGregor registru'
of the anti-combine act, who expressed himself as seeinb nothing in
the operation of the committee to
which exception could be taken.
While passim,' through Winnipeg,
Mr. Black had a long talk with Mr,
Hull, publicity director and editor of
the Scoop Shovel organ ,nf the Man'
tolia wheel pool, also Willi Mr. Ward,
socrciary of the Canadltjl Counoil il
Agriculture, and with tho president
and the Becrotary of the United Kane
Women of Manitoba, All expressed
themselves mosi Interested In the en
i dcavor to .stabilize marketing conditions. Broadly speaking, the fencers' organizations are not opposed lo
the proddcor getting a ralr return for
his labor, but are not favorable to
any  tariff  increases.
Mr.  Blf'Ok enttrtains the idea  thai
it would be an excellent, thine: to arrange for monthly visits to the interior of British    Columbia    from    Ilr
representatives   of   the various women's organizations un the prairies.
While in  Winnipeg, he  took  tho  opportunity    of   discussing    Informal'
with the officials of the railways tli ■:,■
possible cooperation in the nu Itter 0
rates.    He is of the opinion thai con-
tact with the producers and visi':   to
tho   orchards   and    packing   housei
would do an Immense amount of good
ln    popularizing    II Itlsh      Colu   t '
fruit.—Interior Tree Fruit and Ve
table Committee of Direction.
Kclownn   II. C„ December 20, 1927.
It takes hard work to make good
poetry; but another requisite is in
Most children lur,-- an open countenance, ble B their hearts) and il *n
hard to make them shut up. THE SUN; GBAND FORKS, BEITISH COLUMBIA
®h* (gnmb
ne Year (in Canada and Great Britain) (1.00
ne Year (in tbe,United Statea);;'.,,'.    1.50
Addresr -** »-~—»--'cations to;: i) i
<Thk Gband Jorkj Sun
Phonr 101 Graud Forks, ft (T
-f'**s°xi^:aihi%ieihtt :"to~~ruh up to this and jump from a
small termte b?aJ>..% foot.jn height. Despite-ihese unfavorable conditions.'exhibitions- were given which would
place all Europetfn efforts in the shade, The best jumpers, slender, hut splendid figures, with an almost Indian
profile, attained the incredible height of 8 feet % inches,
and young boys made the relatively no less wonderful
performance of 5 feet."
F1U1>AY. DECEMBER 30, 1927
Notes • Notions • Notables
THERE is an old adage which emphasizes the unwisdom of swapplug horses In the middle   of a   slreuni.
Political   observers,   mor,,   espocinjly   thouewho   are   not
rabid in their pi.ity  leaninge, are giving sbiPo thought
to  it as  another  provincial  general   election gradually
draws  nearer.    ..hey  aro  asking  Uiomsc'lves  what  practical service they would be rendering Id British Columbia by turning out the MaoLean government and putting
one in that would be led by Or. Tolmie.: These .serfou*--*
minded men and  women are considering this Important
point from more  than one  angle.   Tey  realize,  perbaiis
more tha is generally supposed,  that British Columbia
has everything to gain by reUslnlng a government that is
ln   sympathy   v.ith   ihe  government  at   Ottawa—wWiiSh,
they admit without hesitation, will be a Liberal administration for some yeara to come—and everything to lose
by    electiing    one  with  nothing in  common  polltici-illy.
This is one of the considerations to which they are applying  the  old   adage.   Equally   vital  in  importance   to
them, moreover, is the obvious prosperous  condition of
the province.   Ur. TjolmAe's suggestion that the continued
wave of good times is not a bright outlook at all,  but
something    "in    tbe nature of a{ back-wash," is merely
treated with an indulgent smile, the lame atttempt on his
part to manufacture political capital being.clearly apparent to then.',   ln this Utter regard they take their economic soundings from  the judgment of Canadians prominent  in  the   financial  and   industrial   world.   They  are
more impressed by the low rate of interest at which tho
province is able to borrow   money    than they    -about
vague gcuerijliUes which are employed in efforts to Obscure facts and practical policies.   Mmch more impressed
are by the increased activity in home building, in the
continued  decrease  in  the  number of unemployed  persons, in the striking increase in the province's banking
business, than tliey are in unsupportable charges of maladministration,    ihey know what the  royal  commission
thought of the Callow and the Gauthier affairs and the
importance which they ililaeh to the numerous pettifogging   complaints    of a   few of the louder Conservative
members  of  tihe   legislature  would  not  be   Haltering   to
the party which Dr. Tolmie lead3.   These and other con-
cideratious are being studied by the fair-minded voter,
irrespective of party, and thi|t is why he is coming to
the conclusion that the swapping of horses in the middle of a stream still is an unsound proceeding—why he
he is making up his mind to sustain the MacLean government at the next election.
'.jt TV A' double wedding held recently at Traralgon Au-
« i^lisii'^^-^iJrA^,~Iv^.'-Uidi''^tli«d JUa-theson,-''• were
s^Btetw.^' Ss* bride'-^etoniB,—Roy and Leonard Battley,
were brothers; the best men^jB-i- anil:;J/.;Pudney were
brothers; the bridesmaids, MteBea MWlleBOB,-'sisters of
the brides; the groomsmen, B. and C. Webb, brothers,
while the officiating clergymen' Reverend Prlckett aur
Reverend Craig, had .ben fellow-students!.' The trijvel-
.ng drubsus and bats of both brides were identical:"  ,;.'
ORIULVALLY the term 8puuish Main was cjDplied to
the mainland of South America between tht: mouii,
of the Ui'iuotorlver and the isthmus of l'anaiia. -This'
region was called the Spanish Maiu to distinguish lt from
ihe island possessions of Spain in tbe West Indies; Latre,
Uoweverd, the term Spunlsb Main was also applied lo
tii. -adjacent waters especially lu the Caribbean sea.
We Bear the term most frequently in conuectlon wiih
rhe buccaneers who inhabited the Spanish Main. Hy
oxleni-loa the route of tipaiiish trade ships between Spain
aud America wus included in the Spanish Main; Oi
course, the term is now purely historical, Tbe application of "maiu" to the ocean in this connection was made
the easier from the fact that during the sixteenth cen
Lury the high seas were called nu.in seas as dtistlngui.-i.
from local seas,   sometimes it was shortened to "main."
The Spice oi lit
Tommy Armour,goll'er, was taking
tea on, the varanda of bhe Qakniont
club wtten a.-jpoipr^ *phiy€r j*«me,,Bp to
him and'a--^: ,-/-■<>-. V'v^ \\    ■*-*
',l<m'''lis^ib'«fiiib...^C^^oilbr.   Yte,
I'm improving.   I   did the   -jliigciiit \
fourth hole yesterda-jriln l\xte._V}~~ '
The champion gave an ncredulous
and good nhture^iatj^if^-"
•'Tbreo. wiiat," . he* said.;; "Hours ?"
."How isia'dam," demanded the ut-
orney for the defense In a compensation case, "can you prove that thc
hur.'.b you lost In thlt accident was
.vbrth fpOOO?"
"It  was  the  thumb;"  retorted  the
')ia'^:in3dve-*, r#"W ^ Mpt w»
RESPECT for their king and his wishes is the reason
attributed for the notable decrease in waste papers
which the public of London scattered ln oity parks.
Some time ago the king appealed to the public spirit in
an endeavor to prevent London parks from becoming
refuse dumps. To this appeal even children responded
heartily, according to the inspectors employed by the
London county council to enforce the park regulations..
Many children were seen to drop waste pt|per while play-
ng on the grass, then, suddenly remembering the king's
.equest, the youthful lawbreakers would stoop pick up
their rubbish aud place it in one of the many receptacles
provided for the purpose.
■ usba
(endeavoring  lo  iii,i>i'c.-j
ni his class tbe definition oi cynic' —
i aun,, uiau,  whul  wouid  yuu cull a
it iyhq pretends to    know    evory-
Wl „',,.,'". '.'■■-
Student—A professor!
"ntiirhWTor immediate purchase of l/otfc
and Acreage owned hy •§^^|^K^^^--?lltl <!u
MuiUs-'ipality, aro invited.
l'riecst--Fro^n'$3.S.O0 per tot u»wiu*«ls.
Tctms»--Casli aiulapjiroved payments.
\.%t jrf!ili«»is 'and  prlfeci  may  l>e seen a
t tin
Citr Office.
,fr„.„..:[.,, :,.,^
N  *
City < Ui k.
Mrs.  Gabb—You certainly approve
ji clubs for married women?
Mr. iitabb—Ves—good heavy oues.
OMAN'S love of finery is no stronger today than li
was 150,000 years ago, uncording to Alonzo Fond,
member of the Leioit college archeological expedition
into North Africa. "We found," says the archeologlst,
pieces of ostrich eggshells that gave evidence of having
;<:en drilled with sharp po.nts of flintfor necklaces. And
ve found a grei|t many pieces of ancient ocher and red
yellow and black oxide which showed traces of having
been scraped by flint to obtain color to paint faces.
;3ome of these probably date farther back than 160,000
WHEN President Doumergue went from Marseilles to
jpen the new canal tunnel which joins the great
port of tbe Rhone he found a dark hole in the mountainside with a tiny spot of light in the middle. The hole
was 70 feet wide and 50 feet high and the spot of light
was five miles away! Think how Btraight the tunnel
must be to show that spot in the middle! Frenhmen
cU|lm that lt Is the biggest tunnel in the world. It is
not half the lengtih of either the two tunnels of the Sini-
plon, but it is ao much broader and deeper that twice
as much rock had to be removed as from the Slmplon
tunnels. In this Rove canal tunnel six railway trains
could run abreast, t|nd two barges of 7500 tons can pass
at any point of it. The canal Is over twelve feet deep
at low time. The tunnel connects Marseilles with the
great lagoon called the Etang de Bane, and the ctinal
then passes on to join the Rhone at Aries, so connecting with the whole European canal system.
SA drinking is a universal soclrfl habit in Persia. One
the social institutions of great attraction is the teahouse, some of which are furnished quite elaborately
while others are rude in their surroundings. Business
men often make appointments here, and it is very com
mon for loafers to seek out these tea houses. The com
mon pipes, cigarettes and the kalean, cr water pipe, are
much used. In the water pipe the smoke pusses through
the water and is drawn into the lungs. Lemon juice
and other flavors ure sometimes mixed with the water.
VTEBRASKA farmers are raiding coyote dens with wolf
~j hounds to kill off the puppies. The numerous .spring
crop if allowed to mature would result in a great loss of
chickens, turkeys, and young stock. As many us twelve
pups have been found in a| den. And the dens are not
hard to find because of the presonce of chicken and rabbit bones at the entrances.
N 192G a total of 167 lrei|llng plants in the United Stales
were actively engaged in treating wood with preservatives to prevent decay, 'i|he gain In plant capacity
since 1920 is nearly 50 por cent. In 1925 tho treating
plants consumed 187,74-2,780 gc|!lons of creosote, 13 048,-
639 gallons of petroleum oil, 2,080,287 gallons of pavlim
oil 2(1,378,058 pounds of zinc chloride end 331,591 gallons
of miscellaneous preservatives.
DASEBALL was known In various forms In the East
■*•** for years before it received organized recognition,
but it3 birthplace is i| matter of dispute. Philadelphia
takes tho credit as far back as 1833, and New York
claims that its Washington club, organized In 1843, was
the first er-ponent or the actual gi | ue. Baseball as a
national rani... really came Into existence in 1858, with
the formation of a National Association of Baseball Pltiy-
ers, including th0 clubs of New York and vicinity.
T EADINiQ 134 American track stars by 150 yards, a
■" Hop! Indian :;et a new marathon record recently in
£( Long Island race. He overcame tho handicap of coming from an arid climate 7000 feot up in the Rockies
down to humid sea level. More records would fall to
primitive peoples, according to the report of an African
explorer in a communication to the National Geographic
society, if tho Walussi could jump ip successfully In a
temperate climate as in/the tropics. 'A line, which could
be raised or lowered at will, was stretched between two
slender trees standing on an Incline " wrote a spectator
at track events among the VVHiussi people of Tanganyika.
LOST hi iif a century ago, a wedding ring belonging to
Reuben HainB, former resident of Beverly, N.J., was
ound by Mrs. Howard Warrick while preparing her gar-
len.. The ring bears the inscription, "Reuben to Katie." Older residents remembered that Mrs. Halns who
ormerly occupied the Warrick home, lost her ring In
i876, shortly after her marriage. Word of the recovery
..'L. sent to her ln California. The flower bed in which
lie ring was discovered had been raked over and planted
-•very year for years.
Poems From EasternLands
Wwo dares to Bay your sheep are few?
The flocks are all three hundred strong..
Who dares despise your cattle too
''there ninety      black-lipped, press along.
Though horned the sheep, yet peaceful each appears;
The cattle come with moist and flapping ears.
These clinnib the heights, those drink the pool;
Some lie at rest, while others roam.
With rain-coats, and thin splint rats cool,
And bearing food, your herdsmen come.
In thirties, ranged by hues, the creatures stand;
Fit victims they will yield at your command.
Your herdsmen  twigs and fagots  bring,
With prey of birds and beasts for food.
Your sheep, untouched by evil thing,
Approach, their health and vigo rgood.
The herdman's waving hand they all behold,
And docile come, and puss Into the fold.
Your herdsmen dream;—flsh take the place
Of men;  on banners falcons fly,
Displacing snakes and  tortoises,
lhe augur tells his prophecy:	
"The first betokens plenteous years; tbe change
Of banners shows of homos a widening n|nge."
—From The Shi-King.
c>4 ncient History"
There was enough excitement in the city on Christmas
lorning to furnish subjects for a two days' Firat of July
olebrallon.   Et/rly In the morning the city lock-up, with
ne lone "drunk" In it, was discovered to be on flre   A
'itlle later the Great Northern roundhouse and three engines  were  destroyed  by flre.   At 11 o'clock the four-
horse livery team which annually gives the children of
i he city a free Christmas slegh ride, became frightened
and ran iiw.iy.   The team went through the streets at
a furious speed.   The sleigh was crowded with youngsters at the time, but all escaped uninjured.
I'he opening of the Grand Forks Athletic association's
new skating rink will take place on New Year's afternoon and evening, weather permitting.
Miss Jessie Stuart, teacher at tbe Wasa, B.C., school,
Is spending the holidays ln this oity at the home of her
brother, Ed Sttiart.
John Simpson, B.A., principal of the Phoenix public
school, is spending the hholldc-ys* at the home of his
brother-in-law, Ed Stuart.
'i'o win success
Lou't be stopping.
Hop right ahead,
Aud keep on hopping.
Jerry—So you don't l.ke your new
joardiug house? You surely don't
uject to hash do you?
Dlek—No, but I certainly do object
o bash soup!
"What ipe the functions of tlio
'kin?" asked an Enblish school
"To prevent us from looking rav.,"
jne boy answered,
"Do you  think hair restorers
any good?"
"They did me a lot of good."
"Did they give you new hair?"
"No.   A    new    villa:   I    invented
"Ib the rich young   widow   pining
for her husband?"
"Not exqctly, but from the way she
is making his money fly,  t might be
said she is wasting away."
Heck—Do    you   have any trouble
with "shall" and "will"?
Peck—No;    my   wife   says   "You
shall" and I say "1 will."
"Muriel is keeping her engagement
"How do you know?"
"I got it from her own lips."
"Would you like to live your own
life over?"
"No, I couldn't go through the tribulations of learning bridge igain."
Prof.—You have not learned very
much ln this class, have you, Smith?
Smith—H'b very decent of you, pro-
.essor, to take the blame like that.
Timothy had been passing judgment on a neighbor, a judgment that
was far from batter ng.
"I hclle the old cat" he cried,
stamping his foot
"You shouldn't say that, Tim," corrected his mother. "The Bible says
we must love everybody."
"I know," was the reply; "but Mrs.
Qlnns wasn't alive when the Bible
was wr tten."
"You see that man with the high
forehead and the sunken eyes?"
"He Is an efficiency expert, he told
"Whc,t on earth's that?"
"The sort of man who doesn't enjoy a sea voyage because all the salt
is going to waste."
A couple of neighbors were leaning over the fence exchanging goss p.
"My husband," remarked one,
"says he tjlways does better work
when he's thinking of me."
"That so?" responded the other.
"What a good jub he made of beating the carpets yesterday."
Doctor—Sambo, I can think of but
one thing that will cure you and that
Is an electro bath.
..Sambo—Naw, euh, doctah, . yo'
ain't talkln' to this man. .1 had a
friend what took one of them things
down In Sing Sing an' t drowned
him! . - •-    •
Sometimes the informality
of the spoken word
is more eftective
than a letter.
British   Columbia  Telephone
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year
Spilt Milk Costs Uncle Sam
$77,399,685.00 Annually
/( fate, a herd o( SSV
937 cowa each giving
6000 lbs. tit tsilk yearly
to supply th, mile
waste, annually in the
a. 3.
Ar -ling to a schedule showing
the dn .sion of dairy products, published -'y tl*<' i'nlted States Department of Agriculture, the annual cost
of wasted milk ln our nation would
make a happy pay day for the army
and navy and still leave an appropriation sufficient to build cnouch
combat planes to satisfy even tho
militant Mitchell.
The amount of milk spilt, soured,
rejected and otherwise wasted annually, Is ,1,339,986,000 pounds. This at
$2.25 per hundred would approximate annually tbe stupondous
amount of $77,399,686.
However, a cheerful note rings
through this tale of economic loss to
a nation. The same report snows
a 1924 Increase of 10S pounds of
milk por cow over 1923 production.
Deducting this from tho figure previously given, leaves a loss through
waste of only $13,007,325, a mere
bagatelle, compared with our national debt of more than twenty billions of dollars.
The Increased yield per cow is due
to heightened efficiency on the farm:
and future years promise even
greater increases.
Dairymen have discovered the futility of feeding non-paying members
of thoir milk herds. They have
learned that losses lurk ln Insanitary
milk production. They have discovered the' Advantages that He in
swatting the bacteria that hide In
unclean stables, undipped, un-
brushed flanks and udders of milk
cows arfd unsterlllzed utensils. As
time goes on, the'unavoidable waste
of milk will be more than offset by
intelligent feeding, oomplete sanitation and more efficient herd manage.
ment * » A1SV fJOO HfflTlSl ..'       '•! (Ir4AHc)
F?om Everywhere
Iror* on tne erection of tbe*Mlnas
BaBin Pulp an-1 I'r.pet .-Cj,i,ii*.[;t-*;y'**..
plant at Hantsport sh'a's.'Bijiun, ia.
gejher with work 6'n-'*trr<! railway"
siding connecting the plant with
the main line of the Dominion Atlantic  Railway. JJi
■-,  on
Liner, for Canadian Pacifie
..-.   . .--,   ' - ■
..UW-' v
The value of tho Western Canadian grain yield this year is fisjureH
at$l,G0O,000.0fiO hy a, financial firm-
making a survey of ronditions a'.
Winnipeg. Wheat is put at $503,-
804,7211; nats at sJlfiC,4-jR^83; barky, at $62,837,1103; rye at $16,628,-
381, nntl flax lit Si,9,15,315. Hay and
other grains are included in the
grand totat
The Eastern International Dog
Sled Derby will be !v Id this year
at Quebec Cily, February 20, 21 a'ld
22, aceuvdiii::: to information given
out'by the tourist department of the
Canadian Pa-Bric- Kailway Companjr.
The leading drivers from alf p-t'ts
of; the Continent will take part.
The-race- is over a 120-mile course'.,
with an average of 40 miles a day.
Montana -lai nwrs- ar* ,: hatili'ng'
grain to- stations on the Canadian
Pacific*, liailway lines just nOWh of
the .International boundary line Ih
SouthrW-estern Saskatchewan; Some'
60,000 bnsbols are on the moVe there
on na)B. to. the Wheat Pool.1 It * ier
renjarltabluithat the Monta-na farm*'
ei's sie paying: theduty and rec6ivr-
ing about ISO per load more than if
delivered to the elevators located
along tlie Montana route.
"The tourist crop is the next best
crop to that of wheat in the Canadian West," said C. B. Foster, pas-
sen-yer traffic manager of the Canadian Pacific liailway, visiting Winnipeg recently. "Canadians are now
capitalizing our splendid winters,"
he said. "It used to be our custom
to decry them, but we have Bince
learned their appeal to thc stranger
as well as ourselves and are profiting by it."
Quebec City is preparing for a
record winter sports season, according to ,lark Strathdee, newly appointed winter sports director at the
Chateau frontenac, Mr. Strathdee
cbm-ja to his new field of activity
with a wealth of experience, having
promoted outdoor sports in the Mus-
krlta Ijiikes rigfon arid more recently
at the French River Bungalow
Camp? of the Canadian Pacifie
• ae*.      atA,
Saskatchewan heads thc provinces
of Canada in growth of revenue
frurn tourist traffic, according to
the Dominion Bureau of Statistics,
dealing with the calendar year 1926.
1 ho gain ovei thc previous year was
over 100 per cent., while Manitoba
was the only other province with a
revenue increase of more than 25
per cent. The touri3t business for
thc whole of Canada has risen from
{33,733,760 in li)20 to $193,643,450
last year. It is thought to contribute $100,000,000 to Canada's favorably balance of trade,
Ot Canada's four great sources
of wealth — field, forest, mine and
stream — the forest has steadily
pushed forward until it now holds
second place, particularly in the exports from the Dominiori. For the
12 months ended September 30th
last, grain and grain products exported were valued at $464,000,000;
metals $160,000,000 and newsprint
£120.000,000, to which should be
addi'd, to show the whole exported
wealth of tho forests, manufactured
nni unmanufactured wood valued at
ftOO.OO'J.OOO, nia-lring the ijrest ag-
Cicgate f-itlO.UOO.OOO.-P
Landlady—Bight o'clock, eight j
o'mlomk," j
Auctioneer (sleepily)—Who'll make'
it ninci? j
"How jo like my new dress; it's Hi
sample " j
Youth (spmpathcltically)—You do'
n't get much for nothin' these days,!-
do you?
George Bernard Sh w was ridiculing the American marriage system,
or rather the ease with which divorces are obtained there. |
"I was at a dinner here ln London,",
he scoffed, "when I heard an Amerl-J
can girl, tjml a young English ch r
discussing    their    approaching  mar-|
rlage'. ' i
" 'But don't you  think that being
married   on   a Friday might be un-;
lucky?'   the  Englishman  asked.   To1
which the Amertc n girl replied:      I
"'That's so! You wodldn't be alile
to get a divorce before Monday.'"    j
In his new biography of Abraham
Lincoln Prof. Nathaniel Wright Ste-
uhenson tells an amusing story about
a certain important midday conference .at .the White House at which
Lincoln's .presence ..was absolutely
During the conference Mrs. Lincoln sent word that dinner wat ready
The .president ..paid ,no heed .Another message he alto Ignored.. Pres-
tently Mrs. Lincoln herself arrived,
"a ruffled, angry little figure"; thereupon her husband lifted her calmly
In hit arms, carried her outside an,d
depositing her on the floor, shut the
door in her face. .She did not return."
ii ii
. i  ■-.
:'  II        .   '
tjos'npd •'   '  ■
,.■-■'.-•.     -■■     ':      '     fl
l. PsTlntliia of new "Duchew of AthoU" by Norman Wllkla-JOB.
1. Her rtrace The Ducket* of AthoU.
S. Veswei IsHt after bciQ^ snu.sutets on tlie Clyde.
t. Cabin lounge of tbe palatial " Dneheea of AthoU."
Featuring the 1928 St. Lawrence
Bailing schedule of the Canadian
Pacific Steamships is the incorporation ol two of the four new 20,000
ton "Duchess'' class liners now
under construction for the Company
in the Old Country. The development of the St. Lawrence route to
England and the Continent has
prompted the Canadian Pacific to
augment their present trans-Atlantic passenger fleet to this extent.
Tbe first of these four huge liners,
the "Duchess of AthoU" was
launched recently on the Clyde,
Scotland, and christened by Her
Grace the Duchess of AthoU, M.P.
The ceremony was attended by a
large gathering of Canadian Pacific
and ship-building officials.
Her Grace in receiving a silver
model of a steering wheel and bookcase as a souvenir of the occasion
stated that Bhe knew something of
received on the Clyde. The Canadian Pacific Bhe said had entered
the Atlantic service only in 1923 and
had already spent $100,000,000 in
British shipbuilding yards. No per-
Bon, she added, could visit Canada
and not be impressed with the
tremendous activities of the Canadian Pacific and what that Company has meant in building up the
With the launching of this vessel,
ships registering a total of 72,000
tons have been launched for the
Canadian Pacific during the months
of October and November. This is
regarded as a record for a private
company. The four new liners will
be each of 20,000 tons gross
register. In addition to this -passenger liner the total tonnage for the
two months is made up by five express cargo steamers of the Beaver"
class, and the "Princess Elaine" new
2,000-ton coastal steamer for the
the joy with which the huge order Pacific Coast service of the Com-
from the Canadian Pacific had been! pany.
The vessels of the "Duchess"
class, which wiU include the
Duchesses of AthoU, Bedford, Richmond and Beaufort, will represent
four of the finest passenger ship*
afloat. They wiU be the largest lo
navigate the St. Lawrence as far as
Montreal on regular runs, the
general measurements being: length
699 feet; breadth, 75 feet with a load
draft of 27 feet. Tbe 'Duchess of
Atholl", as well as her sister ship*
will be luxuriously appointed
throughout. Oak, walnut, mahogany, white and red birch teak,
sycamore and Macassar ebony are
some of the fine woods being used in
the interior finishings. Tne ships
will be cabin class liners and will
have accommodation for about 1600
passengers each.
The 'Duchess of Bedford", sister
ship of the "Duchess of Atholl", b
scheduled to be launched in January
and the remaining two in the spring
of 1929. The new vessels will have
a speed of 17 J*j to 19\_ knots at sea.
Wild Animals Friendly on Banff-Windermere Highway
"The Friendly Road," toy David
Grayson, which Is well-known to
many lovers of nature, depicts Incidents and friendliness of people
along country roads and in the rural
districts. There ls, however, a road
In the, Canadian Rockies the friendliness of which ls not due to mortals
ae in Grayson's book, but to the
friendliness of animals. Animals
termed wild, but in this Instance a
•word that cannot be applied to those
on the, Banff-Windermere Highway.
.fThere is -possibly no more beautiful road than this which runs from
Banff to Lake Windermere, in the
Columlbia River Valley. The distance
of 104 miles is spectacular and the
scenes are constantly chaaglttg. The
views from the high passes looking,
down Into valleys, thousands of tew
below, tiny lakes surrounded by al-1
,JA*,-l!Tr**C&.*."*Z,~~ '. '.
pine meadows, rivers crossed and re-
crossed, and glimpses of cascades
tumbling down slopes from dizzy
heights are intriguing and beautiful.
To this natural beauty ls added
that of seeing the animals ln their
natural haunts. Rocky Mountain
sheep are seen on the road along
Vermilion Lakes not far from Banff.
They are sotame that often motors
have to slow down as they will persist, almost to the point of danger,
ln standing in the middle Of the
highway. •
Bozo, a black bear, Is a friend to
many motorists on the Banff-Wln-
dermere road. He comes.out on the
highway as If ho had sole right to
tt., He does not resent these invaders In the least and really wishes tn
show his friendliness. So-mc'lmes he
has lunches handed to him and the
remarks of "nloe old chap, flne old
fellow," please him tremendously,
and he will try to come even nearer.
Bozo no doulbt had many dreams
during the winter of summer tourists, and possibly has figured out ln
true bear fashion Just how to got
Uie most out of the tourist senson.
Deer are seen, also, on this famous
highway, though not as often ar
other animals. They are regular visitors to Banff, and are frequently
seen on the streets of tho vil'aco.
There are hundreds of miles of
smooth motor roads through the
Canadian Rockies, and devotees ol
the open road are visiting this region In increasing numbers ann?*- „
ally. •
Contempt putteth an edge upon an- Ws study of music the boy had to
ger more than the hurt Itself.—Bacon  have a violin, but he was such a Ut-
  tie fellow that his  teacher" thought
A certain hard working farmer had
sent his son to a good preparatory
school so that he might early begin
to receive the best Instruction.   For
that a so-called "half-violin" was all
that was necessary for him. The
father, whoose resources had been
sadly taxed, was loath | to. part with
the money for  the instrument,  but
nally did so.
The boy made rapid progress, and
became so proficient that a half-xlo-
lln was no longer good enough for
him. Again he went to the music
store with his father, to whom tbe
salesman showed the entire stock of
violins.   The parent was  apparently
dissatisfied with all of them, and bis
gaze wandered round the shop seek-j
ing for something better. Finally he
saw a V'ioloncillo.
"We'll take that huge violin there,",
he said, as a smile of satisfaction
spread over his countenance. "The
boy won't outgrow that right awa'y!" •
People take The| Sun
because they [jbelieve
it is worth the price we
charge j for it. It is
therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents, including
advertisments. This
is not always the case
wifh newspapers that
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
Advertising "to help
the editor." But we do
want businessadverv is-
ing by progressive business men who know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If you have something to offer the public that will benefit
them and you ;>s well,
the newspaper reaches
more people than a bill
and if you have the
goods you can do business with them u
Francis Miller Sr. Malcolm Morrison, and Mr. Haliday of the North
Fork, are patients in the Grand Forks
ho pltal.
Tihe United church Sunday school
Christmas tree was held last Friday
night. The Presbyterian church tree
will be held this evening.
Judge J. R. Brown has returned
from Nelson, where he presided at
a) sitting of the county court, Judge
Forin being Indisposed.
•Miss Edith Larsen, graduate nurse
of Spokane, arrived Tn the city on
Wedr.:siii';,- evening to visit her
mother at the Hotel I'rovlnce.
Randolph Davis i,nd bride, of Vancouver, aro spending a part of th.'l
honeymoon in this oity at ihe home
of Mr. Davis' parents, Mr. and Mrs.
Jeff Davis.
British Columbia's forest rar.g**:3
and patrolmen report a reduction in
forest fires costs of practically 90
per cent., compared with 1926. The
total loss this year was about $214.-
Clarence Truax- and Gordon Mc"
Cmllum stedints at th**. University
of British Columbia, are spending the
holiday at thn homes of their parents in this city.
Mr. and Mrs. J. A. McCallum will
leave in a few (i.nys for southern California, where they will remain for
about three months for the benelit
of 'Mr. iMcCf Slum's health.
Mr. and Mrs. William Banbury, of
Thamcsfor-!, Ont., who spent thr
Christmas holidays in this city at the
home of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Taylor,
will letive tomorrow morning for Los
Angeles, Cal,
Squira Kvans, son of Mrs. J. H.
Plath and the late David Evans, ami
Miss Lottie Haw of this city, were
married in the United church on
Wednesday, no their return from
their weddlnv tour the young couple
will take up their residence in tho
North Fork country.
Keith Pincott* son of C. P. R. Pincott and the laie Mrs. 1'lncott, of
this city, and Miss Eileen Rltohley
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. Q-.
Ritchio of Cascade, were married !u
Holy Trinifj church in this city last
Friday. After tho wedding ceremony a reception wa-; held at. the
home of Mr. end Mrs. H. E. Woodland, after which the young couple
left on thoir wedding tour. Ihey
will make thoir home in Rossland,
where 'Mr. Pincott has charge of his
father's  !aw practice.
MILWAUKEE.—Circuit Judge Oscar M. Fritz made an unusual provision in a divorce suit recently.when
tin awarding a decree to the husband
he ruled that the divorced couple
make their home in the same house
in the hope of establishing an ultimate  reconciliation.
llhe decision was sn the suit
brought by Guy Slaughter against
Mrs. Estelle Slaughter, formerly head
of a mission hern. Slaughter said
that his wife's religious activities undermined his health nnd that he
could not live with her.
"The situation is extraordinary. 1
believe there should be Iried an unusual arrangement that will be best
for the children," the court said. "If
the arrangement is accomplished by
cooperation nnd mutual forbearance
lt may reBult in a reconciliation.
"The plaintiff will have the custody
of the ohlldretn, providing that he
will establish a household in which
he and and the children and the
wife can live. She is to be provided
with a sept irate room."
BERLIN.—There aro 800,000 "superfluous" women in Berlin, which
means that every thirteenth womau
must iook elsewhere for a husband
But the Berlin women nre employing
their lime otherwise, Every thin!
one is engaged In b gainful occupation outside the home. In the labor
mnrket thore Is cue woman to every
two men.
Only one-tenth of thc Berlin homes
have servants, so thai another 1,200,-
000 women are engaged in running
their own d mastic establishments,
it .is ostlmatod. 1 his brings the num
ber of vrorking women up to around
8,000,000, as ;!-ainsi only 1,400,000
working men,
The villi gers w<\r0 listening to a
band, ;|nd they seemed to.understand
every Instrument except the trombone. They docided to fetch the oldest villager aud nsk him his opinion
about It.
Tho old nip.n stood watching the
player for a while and then exclaimed: "Tako no notice of him. There's
a trld: in It; lm hain't really swall-
lng it!"
WASHINGTON.—T h e      great
steamship  Leviathan  weighs
some   ten or   twelve pounds
less when the moon ls directly over
it than when It ls near he horizon
Similarly Bill Smith and his automobile, little Willie Smith's teddy
bear and Mrs. Smith's dainty pearl
ei.nings all lose weight under the
potent inbuence of Luna.
So says n bulletin from Ihe Wasn-
Ington (D.C.) headquarters of the National Geographic society dealing
with tlie moon's tide-raising force.
"As il matter of fact," continues
the bulletin, "everything on which
the moon shineB directly down loses
a certain amount of Its weight. But
lliei-u need be no fear that we will go
floating moonward; the downward
pnil of gravity, which keeps objects
on the earth's sur."nce, is 10000,000
Mi,its as great as the 'lifting power'
of the moon. In other words, the
greatest elfoct of (he moon on . a
given object is to steal away one-ten-
inill'onth of its woigth.
"In the case of large bodies, like
tho Leviathan, this fraction of the
total weight iiB appreciable. But even
the heaviest limousino would lose
oniy ihe tiniest, fraction of an ounce
—between six and seven one-thous-
andths. This would bo equivalent to
removing only throe or four drops of
(asoline from the fuel tank.
"Pluck a single vber from the fuzzy
coat of Willie Smith's teddy bear and
you would probe|bly equal the moon's
effect in reducing its weight. And
carefully wiping the imperceptible
dust from Mrs. Smith's earrings
would, no doubt, quite outdo the lunar influence on them.
Moonshine and the Tides
"But in spite of the small egect of
lhe moon's attraction on overyday
object?, its total result on the earth
and even man's se i bathing activities
is very marked. !.s most notable effect is to create ethe tides of Iho
oceans which, In luru, tiffed the
worlds sea-borne commoi'CO, its fish-
erics, tho sanitati n of its harbors,
in years to co: . this moon force
may be harnessed to create power;
already pians are under way for the
construction of fi.'.^l power stations.
"Mow does th: moon decrease
"In the same way that the earth
creates it. The I.iw of gravitation
formulated by Newton states that
every body in existence in the uni-
versa ntlracts every other body. Any
two bodies are drawn together, how-
over, with a greatc- or less force, defending on whether they are big
(more accurate, ha' 3 a 'great mass')
or whether they are little (ave a
smt|ll mass');and clso depending on
whether they are close together or
far apart.
Weight in Ter   s of Gravity
"When you, an a,'ult, say that you
weigh 150 pounds, you really mean
'hat your 'mass' ir attracted by the
huge earth, when you are on Its sur
ace, with the same force with which
it attracts 150 lead or brass or iron
jnlts, which we arbitrarily call
pounds.' Because --, baby has much
less mass than you. It is drawn toward the center or the earth with a
smaller force, and we say that It
weighs 8 or 10 or 15 pounds.
"But the moon a.-racts your mass
in exqctly the same way that the
oarth does. It In, however, 239,000
miles away—GO limes as far away as
the cen tor of tho .arth—and It has
only one-eightieth as much mass r.B
the earth. So its attraction for you
Is loss than that of hn earth. Its pull
in you In lrem;::dously less than
night appear al first consideration,
icriiuse uny gravitational pull Is re-
luceil In proportlo lo lhe square of IU
distance.   It    vguro    out that    the
loon's pull al the earth's surl'uco Is
inly one-tun-millinn ii that of the
■arth.   When    the    moon exerts  its
reatosi lifting for o on you, therefore, when it floats directly overhead,
if. only succeeds 111 reducing your
voight by an nr. -mut less th-;|u a
nfII» of a drop of wuter."
An air line between Halifax and
New York city for freight, express
and mail, Is being considered by
Halifax business Interests, according to a report made to the United
States Department of Commerce by
Consul  Eric  W.  Magnuson.
Thc Canadian Pacific Express
Company has extended its service
into the new gold field of northwestern Quebec, reaching Rouyn
over the recently completed extension of the Nipisslng Central Railway. This extension provides a
new and short route into the rapidly
developing mining area.
Turkey raising is a coming industry in Alberta as a number of
successes at various fairs would indicate. A recent move in this connection is the formation of the Alberta Bronze Turkey Breeders' Association, which is now active in
promoting and extending the turkey
breeding industry.
According to Dr. J. B. MacDougall, Assistant Chief Inspector of
the Ontario Provincial Department
of Education, the operation of the
Canadian Pacific school car in
northern Ontario has proved a more
successful venture than the Department had ever expected. He stated
that the progress of the pupils during the year of operation has been
Novelists, it seems, are no heroes
to their barbers. Thomas Hardy's
barber recently confided to F. Had-
land Davis that ln his oplnionthe
novelist is a sadly overrated man.
I'he fellow's comments as reported
by Mr. Davis to the Bookman were
Suoh a quiet little man. You'd
never lt was Thomas Hardy. Such
an old overcoat and such a baggy
umbrella! He used to talk to me
about London .-.h it was years ago
when cock-fighting was all tbe rage
Never read his books—and nevor
want to.
Americans seem to think a lot ot
him. Onci came in here not long
ago. Said he: "Seen Thoma Hsur-
ily "
"Ob, yes!" Bald I. "He sat In the
ihalr you're sitting ln."
"ln this chair?" shouted the American, much excited.
"Yes," 1 said. "I cut Mr. Hprdy's
"Did you keep the hair you cut
Off?" asked the customer, putting his
hand Into his pocket.
"No," said I. "I didn't."
"Well, thaffs a pity," replied the
Vankee;. "because if you had, I'd
have bought It."
The Western Canada Grain Pool
contemplates spending $5,000,000
during the coming year in extensions to facilities in country elevators and terminals in Western Canada, according to George H. Mclvor,
General Sales Manager of the Pool,
on a visit to Toronto recently. The
building programme includes 100 or
150 country elevator in Alberta; 150
in Saskatchewan and 40 in Manitoba. At present there are 160 in
Alberta, 730 in Saskatchewan and
60 in Manitoba.
Close on 400 miles of branch line
construction in Saskatchewan and
Alberta have been virtually completed up to December 1st by the
Canadian Pacific Railway, according to a report from headquarters.
On 282 miles of thiB construction grain from the current year's
harvest is being taken out, and
while work is closed down at this
date on most of them, there r.re
still some on which bridge and other
construction work is being proceeded
The mother was ;;ettlng her small
ion ready for school when she no-
Meed a lump on his head.
"Freddy!" she sad sternly. "Have
you been fighting -.gain "
"Fightin'," he echoed, "not me."
"But somebody struck you?" said
his mother.
"Nobody struck r-e," he answered
stoutly; " I wten't fightin' at all. It
was an accident."
"An accident?"
"Ves," be replied; "I   was   sitting
on   Tommy   Jones,   and I forgot to
hold his feet."
have to pay for it."
About 300 carloads of Christmas
trees will be delivered to the trade
from the Province of Quebec from
the end of November onward, according to indications of traffic received at Canadian Pacific Railway
headquarters. This will mean about
600,000 trees of a value of about
|150,000 to the farmers of this province. The average size of the
trees for tho New York and Boston markets is about G feet. They
are mostly white spruce and balsam of the "weed tree" variety
which is of prolific growth and
little commercial value.
ARCADIA, IND.—The story of twin
boys who married twin girls In 1835,
was brought to light here recently
when M. C. Martz of Arcadia and
Clayton Martz of Tflpton, Ind., twn
sons born of one of the marriages,
celebrated their seventieth birthday.
The sequence started when Moses
Isaac Martz married Tabitha and
Lfivina McCormtck,near Connersville,
Ind.. The parents of the McCormick
twins were among the first settlers
of Indianapolis, making their home
there February 26, 1820, on the day
before the fourth birthday of the
twin girls.
In the first generation following
these marriages there were two sets
of twins in the families, tnd in the
second generation slk sets of twins
were born.
Tthe four participants in the double marriage of twins ln 1835 all
lived until they had passed the four
score mark, and the ltpt survivor of
.lhe four, Tabitha Martz, died In her
ninetieth yenr. •
Th0 figure "27" ran through the
history of these four. The McCormick twins .were born on February
27, nnd the Martz twins on May 27.
Ihe four were married on November 27.
The families were represented at
the time of the dettth of Tabitha
Martz by eight grandchildren, fifty-
three great-grandchildren and one
great-great-grandchild. The record
to date shows 75 great-grandchildren
and 40 great-great-grrnidchildrean.
"Sire," said the grand vizier of a
certain Oriental potente/te, "I suggest that ln the future we buy our
automobiles from the Western company that has just offered us a 30
per cent discount."
"Good!" said the potentate. "Order
a sonslgnment of five hundred Automobiles, assorted sizes, at once, and
tell the company to send us a check
for the discount by return mail, and
the bill will be settled ln due course."
When one man meets another that
he is said to look like he usually
Get Your
at the
Phone 25  "Service and Quality"
Senator Robinson, af one of his fa-
ous duck luncheons, was marveling
dver the blgh prices that prevail In
the night clubs of New York.
"A young man," ho said, "visited a
night club not long ago. The cover
charge was $5. Champagne was $41.
The young man shook his head a>nd
started for the door without ordering
" 'What's the matter ' a pretty girl
at a desk near the door said to him.
'Anything wrong '
" 'What's that round your neck?
said the young man.
"The girl put heir hand up to her
cold chtiin.
" 'That, she said, ' is a necklet.
" 'Well,' Bald the young man/everything's so high in this club.I thought
it might be an anklet.'"
f P UcumrcDPn !!;      «■■■■<■"■■»■■■
Groin, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Cei .tent and Plaster
Poultry Snnplii"-
Grand  Forks, B. C.
According to a New York newspaper, "McCoy was struck several
times in the fracaspand twice between the lunch counter and the
cash register." Nor is McCoy the
first to receive a, cruel blow ln that
genera) region, especially lf the restaurant happened to be, a afshionable
I--ALEU TKNDEHS will bli received by tbe
Mlniater of Liuul* at Victoria, M. G .not later
i hail noon on ihe 2nd duy of January, 19-b,
for the puii-hHii' of f.ii-ence X9287 to out
3!ii,00n K.H.M. nf Flr, Larch. Spriss-eniiilCedai;
fi.t.4511 Hewn Ties. 2.IHK1 Cordi of Cordw od,
uml 120,000 Ceil"!-Potta o:i au area s'tiiat-d
on V oui tl: July Uroek, &}-> in tics went ol eiraml
Fori'is, 1','oniiiHj- llmtrlet.
Two (2) yearn will be allowed for removal
of timber-
Kui-tbei particulars! nf the Chle    Forester
Victoria, B.C.,or lllstrlet Fori titer, Ne ton.
Phone 20
Try our Special Tea
at 65c per Ib
Shoes, Shirts. Overalls
Good values for "your
Call and see 'us before
General Merchant
Transfer Co.
City Baggage and General
Coal,   Wood  and   Ice
for Sale
Office  at  R.  F.  Petrle'g Store
Phone 64
'UK value of wvlU
pri ated, neat appearing stationery an
a mennsof getting and
ho)di *{5 desirable bus-
iy-«>sei has been amply
demonstrated. Consult v* before going
Wedding invitatio.ia
Ball programs
Business cards
Vi     ng cards
Sh'    ing tags
Price lists
New Type
Latest Style
Columbia Avenue and
Uke Street
Vacaul uiireBeived.sui'Veyod Crown
lauds muy bo pre-eriptud by liritlsh
subjects over 18 years ol' iif-ei, and by
aliens un declaring intention to become British subjects, conditional
upon residence, occupation and ini-
nient Ior agricultural purposes.
lull information concerning regulations! regarding pre-emptions ls
given in bulletin No. 1 Land Series,
"How to fre-empt Lands" copies of
which can be obluiuud tree ot charge
by addressing tbe Department of
Lands, Vivtoria, Si. C, or auy Govern-
uiuni Agent.
Records will be made covering only
laud suitaule for agricultural purposes, and which is not tiuiberlund,
i.e., carrying over 5,000 board feet
per acre wost of the Coast Range,
and 8,000 feet per acre east of that
Applications for pre-emptions are
to be addressed to the Land Commissioner of the Land Recording Division, in which the land applied for
Is situuted, und are mude oh printed
forms, copies of which can be obtained from the Land Commissioner.
l'1-o-eiupiiuns must be occupied for
live years ulid Improvements made to
the value of $10 per ucre, including
clearing und cultivating at least hve
acres, before a Crown Urant cu|u be
For more detailed information see
the Bulletin "Uow to Pre-empt Land."
Applications are received for purchase of vacant und unreserved
Crown Lands, not being timberland,
for agricultural purposes; minimum
price of first-class (arable) land is
15 per mere, and second-class (grazing) land i'm-.n per acre. Further
information regarding purchase or
lease of Crown land is given in Bulletin No. 10, Land Series, "Purchase
and Lease of Crown Luuds."
Mill, factory, or industrial sites on
timber laud, not exceeding 40 acres,
may be purchased or leased, on conditions including payment of stumpage. ..—,—.
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding
20 acres, may be leased as homesites,
conditional upon a dwelling being
erected in thei first year, title being
obtainable after residence and Improvement conditions a/re fulfilled
and land has been surveyed.
For grazing and industrial purposes areas not exceeding 640 acres
may be leased by one person or a
Under the Grazing Act the Province is divided into grazing districts
and the range administered under a
Grazing Commissioner. Annual grazing permits are issued based on numbers ranged, priority being siven to
established owners. Stock owners
may form associations for range management. Free, or partially free, permits are available for settlers, campers and travellers up to ten head.
PalaceBarber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Wholei-sale und lietail
liavutia Cigura, Pipes
;.*•,# £1. Confectionery
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Urand Forka. O. C.
Diiiniiiion Moaiinicntak Worka
Asb-Htoa I'roducca Co. I tool! nil
Furniture Made to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinds.
Upholstering Neatly Done


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