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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist May 27, 1927

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 A man's good opinionjjofjhimself is often a heavy load for his friends to carry
The   regular   meeting ot the city
council was held ln tlie council cham-
'-.. ber on Monday erenlng, the mayor
v and all the aldermen being present.
The matter of tne replacement of
a pole and transformer for the lighting of the passenger station, on Third
street was left in the hands   ot   the
water and light committee, with power to act.
Permission was granted to Robeit
Forrester for the - Installation ot a
puny-log plant on lot 332 on the
shore of Smelter lake.
Leave of absence was granted to
Mrs. Mackenzie, ot the city office
A circular letter on the subject of
noxious weeds wag referred to the
Itioai'd of works tor consideration,
and.another circular letter from
' Windsor', Ont., dealing with the new
i t Interpretation of-.the Immigration
act rspectlng Canadians crossing
and re-crossing "the international
boundary line In going to and from
their work, was laid on the table tor
further discussion.
■"Tell ms what vou Know Is trn-'J
I ean Seses as well ea yen."
FRIDAY, MAY 27, 1927
president, W. H. Hayes, and in
Prince Edward Island, Hon. Mr. Justice F. L. Haszard, president.
It Is understood that the society
will make Its appeal direct on Its record of accomplishments ln its services for thb' disabled soldier, Its 39
Outpost Hospitals, the Seaport Nurseries In Halifax, St. John and Quebec, the Junior Red Cross now numbering In Canada 140,000 children engaged in the pursuit of health for
themselves, and handicapped children,, the disaster relief activities of
recent times, and the home nursing
training which has been extended to
over 12,000 women and girls ln the
last three 'years'.
Flying Over Africa
Victoria,: May 23.—Announcement
was made by the provincial secretary
department today that the North!
Okanagan by-election will be held
June 9'.   Nominations June 1.
Victoria, May 22.—Just a little
more, than a week after he went on
the operating table at the Mayo hospital, Rochester, Minn., Premier .Oliver'today was enroute to Hamilton,
Ont., to recuperate his strength at
the home of his son. Dr. Robert Oliver, How long it- will be before
the premitr would return to Victoria
is. not known here, but it is expected
he will be away tor another two or
three weeks.
Hamilton, OntrMay 25.—Hon. John
Oliver, premier of British Columbia,
who is convalescing here at the home
of his Boq„. Dr. Robert Oliver, after
having undergone an operation in
Rochester, Minn., is reported to be
steadily gaining ln health.       .;,
The Canadian Red Cross, on Empire day, entered on a nation-wide
campaign to raise $1,000,000 with
which to carry on its comprehensive
peace time -program in the interests
of the returned soldier and the health
of tbe citizen generally*, a - program
of national welfare on which it has
already spent a sum of over $7,000,-
000 since the war.
Chief Commissioner J. L. Biggar,
of Red Cross headquarters, states
that plans ■ for the campaign are well
forward In all-provinces, so that it
■ ii'' pow ouly a matter of days until
the flrst posters appear' in many
parts of the Dominion and the flrst
guns are flred.
While the general plans have been
worked out at headquarters, the detailed local arrangements in the nine
provinces have been ln the hands.of
the Various presidents and directors
who will carry them onward to the
close of the campaign, on Dominion
day ln the way best suited to their
districts. These officials are: In
' .British Columbia, Thos. H. Kirk,
president, and Oeorge D. Moir, commissioner; in Alberta, his honor Dr.
E. W. Egbert, president, and Commissioner B. A. Corbett; in Saskatchewan, George D UnderwoodT president and- CommissionerW. F. Mar-
shaU; in'• Manitoba, F. J. L. Harris
son, president, and Major J. W.
Forb-e,.' D.S.O.,- commissioner; jn
Optario,.Mrs. H. P. Plumptre, president, and Dr. ST. W- Routley, director; ih Quebec,'F.-J. Shaw, president,
and Lieut.-Col. J. F. Bucklay, D.S.O.,
Manager; - in- New ' Brunswick, president,   F.' Ti   Short; in Nova Scotia,
Let's Try—It
Costs Noticing
It ls generally understood that
Sunday is the day that produces the
greatest number of mishaps in whl'ch
the motor car takes a prominent
part. Another observation ls that-
more, accidents occur at four o'clock
m -the afternoon than at any earlier
or later hour. The fist fact ds, of
course, ' easily ex-plained on the
ground that Sunday is largely devoted to sightseeing and holiday-making. The second fact i's made plausible by the statement that four o'clock
marks the peak of fatigue for manp
drivers who, having driven the greater part of the day, are .tired out and
less alert than they are at other
The accidents due to the use of
automobiles are reaching numbers
that make lt certain that something
will and must be done about them
very soon. The question is: Shall
it be done from within or from without; will the motorists themselves
set their house in order or shall outside forces Impose limitations which
in their consequences will curtail the
motorists' rights and the utility of
motoring ijself?
We need a change in our mental
attitude toward such things. We
must begin to see,in the reckless
and Incapable driver not only a person who cares nothing for the law,
but one whose actions constitute a
grave danger to the rights of the (est
of- us. The sooner we purge ourselves ot the dangerous five per cent,
the sooner will the death and accident rate take the drop which it will
and must take—either as a result of
our own doings or (inconsequence of
outside action which, like most such
action, "is likely to overstep tiie lines
ot reason and expediency.
Nothing—no psychological test of
character analysis—reveals one's
true ; inwardness more quickly and
with greater certainty thanthe motor car.
What a digerence it makes! And
how few survive the trial which proclaims gentlemen or roaming Incoh
siderates who, enthroned behind the
steering wheel and feeling an eager
engine beneath their feet, become
inebriated with speed, poisoned with
the mania of haste, stripped ot the
thin veneer of everyday courtesy
and civilized conduct!
Nothing will make the fool driver
a more sincere convert to the Qolden
Rule than the exhibition ot uniform
courtesy on the part of his brother
motorist. This, more than anything
else, will reduce automobile slaughter to a minimum.
Let's try ft, anyway, It costs
Little Earl, aged-three, lived near
a college campus, and he was much
excited last fall over, the football
games.~    ' . '. ■"'*■•"
One day he placed a footballl that
had been given him between his sturdy legs tind leaned over it aa he had
center rush do. Then for a moment
he was stumped. He knew that the
' players called -out something before
the ball was put into plays but he had
no idea what it was. All he could
think of was his Sunday school text;
so he called out;' "Be ye kliid one to
ano the**—go!" and gave tahe ball a
vigorous punch. "*
Nothing jars a man like being compelled to love by contract
• Too often a fellow's charity seems
to be glued to hia fingers.
Flying over the sands of the Sahara desert, the jungles of wdldest Africa, and the lake country of East
Africa, French aviators recently
crossed tbe continent at Its widest
part fn a seaplane. Taking the air
near Marseille, the two French navy
planes skirted the Spanish west
coast Africa, landing at Dakar, the
westernmost city of the 'Dark Continent"
They found Dakar, port of call nt
vessels plying between European,
South African and South American
ports, a thriving oity of about 25,000
people, with well laid-out streets,
schools, hospitals and workshops.
Dakar owes its importance as a vort
to the nearness to South America.
While Liverpool ls more than 3000
miles from New York, Dakar is only
slightly more than half that distance
from/ Pernambuco, Brazil, the easternmost port of South America.
The Berbers and Fulas represented
in the city's population were met
with at every stop of the Sudan and
Nigeria after the flyers turned Inland, for both races are scattered
over the north and northwest portion
ofAfri ca. The Berbers are believed
to have been at one time masters of
the Mediterranean, and It is probable
that the continent was named for the
Afrlgha tribe, a sub-tribe of the Berbers. Evidence has been uncovered
dating back to the Stone age, of the'
existence of a race of people resembling the Berbers who Inherited North
Unlike other Afican peoples, some
of the Berbers might pass for Americans, it the donned American clothing. Their skin is light, their eyes
blue, and many are blonds. Although
the Berbeerrs and Arabs have been
closely associated for centuries, and
are Mohammedans, the two races
have remained distinct
The Fulas were originally herds-
mien in the western and central Sudan, but they extended their domain
to Nigeria. That they are a mixture
of Berber and negro is the most generally accepted theory, yet their reddish brown or light chestnut colored
skin, oval faces, even smooth hair,
straight even noses and delicately
shaped lips differentiate them from
the negro type.
Taken as a whole the Fulas are intelligent people with great strength
ot character. They are famouss for
their horsemanship and as soldiers
are mostly cavalrymen.
At Bamako, on the Niger river, one
of the planes became disabled and
was left for repairs. The other plane
followed the Niger to Timbuktu, so-
called "city of mystery," which lies
nine miles from the river proper, on
the edge of the Sahara. This was
one of the most interesting stopping
places on the flight.
Whether Timbuktu is entered from
the south by the "water" route or the
bridle paths from the north or west,
the city seems nothing more than a
labyrinth of narrow streets with mud
walls thrown up on both sides with
out any sense of direction, Regard,
less of what street one takes, after u
few right and left turns he finds him
self in the famous market place.
Timbuktu was founded as a trading center ln the eleventh century
and has never lost that characteristic. Of the 8000 inhabitants many-
are nomads who pass throug with
cattle or engage in the great salt
trade from the central Sahara. The
"homefolks" lead simpe, fairly cheerful, but uneventful lives.
From Timbuktu the planes follow
ed the Niger to Lokoja, Nigeria, at
the confluence of the Niger and Be
nue rivers in British territory. Lokoja is the oldest white settlement <n
the interior of Nigeria and was once
the seat of administration for the inland provinces. At the meeting place
of two great rivers, it was, too, the
doorway to the north. Something of
this function still survives, but the
completion of a railway in recent
years, running from Lagos on the
coast to t^e relatively healthy uplands of northern Nigeria, and passing far west of Lokoja, has decreased the Importance of the latter town.
From Lokoja the aviators flew up
the Benue river and into French
equatorial Africa, in the heart of
which lay another   stopping   place,
Archairtbault. There the flyers bad
passed from Mohammedan territory
ftito a region of fetishism. A sect
of this primitive people has some unusual features. Its members spurn
clothes, wearing only a thin strip of
cloth and a bead belt. Ochre clay is
daubed over their bodies, and they
adorn themselves with glass-bead
necklaces, metal bracelets, and ostrich-feather head dresses. Each
member always carries a small stool,
and much of his time is spent seated
on it In solemn dignity. Their secret communications are through
prolonged gutteral coughs.
Turning southward on leaving Fort
Archambault, the flyers again left
French territory at the Vbangl river
and entered the Belgian Congo. ThiB
huge Belgian possession is more than
77 times the' size of Belgium:. On
their way to Stanleyville, metropolis
of the Congo, the aviators flew over
vast forests. One, the so-called Pygmy forest, covers 25,000 square miles
Seldom is the ground ln this whole
area touched by the rays of the tropical sun, for the underbrush and the
foliage of the giant trees are so thick
that only here and there a pencil-like
stream of light pierces the darkness
beneath. The jungles seethe with
vicious animals and insects, and the
Pygmies, who seldom grow more
than four feet in height, are the principal inhabitants of this wooded fast-
About 10,000 of the 9,000,000 people
ita the Belgian Congo are white. Most
of them live at the numerous stations
establihed throughout the colony by
the Belgian government.   Thenatives
A lighter fruit crop and higher
prices is forecast by the O. K. -Bulle
tin, official organ. of the Associated
Growers of British Columbia, in its
latest issue, Damage by April's
frost was less than first thought, but
likely to be serious enough, the paper
indicates.   It comments:
"While it is still too early to form
a definite idea of the volume of fruits
to be expected this year, there are
unmistakable indications showing
.hat there will be a very consideral
shrinkage as compared with 1926v
Following a year of record crops~Tn
nearly all lines, a decrease would
naturally be expected.
"During the third week of April,
very heavy frosts occurred, doing
much damage to American fruits,
many of which were then in full
bloom. The flrst reports suggested
tremendous damage in most fruit
growing areas, from coast to coast;
later reports have modified the expected damage, but tbere can be "ho
doubt but that the frost will be responsible for a greatly reduced tonnage. In our own districts, while
the bpds were not 80 far advanced
and were not therefore not so susceptible to harm, there will be considerable loss from the April freeze,
the full effect of which will not ap
pear until the June drop.
"It  is  reasonable  to  expect  that,
with   a   lighter crop, prices will be
higher, so that those' growers    who
are black and include many different I are Bo fortunate as to have good good
ypes  according  to  their  geographic cl.ops this year should receive bet-
The resouces of the colony have
hardly been scratched. Oold, tin, copper, lead, rubber, palm' nuts, palm
oil, and iron are important exports.
Iron-stone hills in the southeastern
region have an estimated deposit of
millions of tons of high-grade ore.
The rubber supply seems Inexhaustible.
At Stanleyville the aviators found
a busy little town, built on both sides
of the Congo river. On the east bank
is the headquarters of the vice governor and many up-to-date residences, while the left bank is occupied
by railway terminals and workshops.
Palmi trees lining the avenues in the
residential section remind one of a
southern Florida boulevard. All this
moderni'zation has come about since
the eighties, when Stanleyville was
little more than a native village.
Flying in a southeasterly direotlon,
the plane reached the African Great
Lakes, passed over its second stretch
of British territory, and came to the
Indian ocean at Ktllinrane, a small
town about midway along the coast
of Mozambique, Portuguese territory.
The city of Mozambique, the next
stop, Is situated on a small island
about three miles off the coast. It
was once the headquarters of the Por
tuguese East African government
and the center of the East African
slave trade. The slave markets habe
disappeared, yet Mozambique has
changed little during the laBt few
hundred years.
Majunga, largest port on the *, it
coast of Madagascar, required a Ion*
hop across the Mo aambfque channel. From this point the aviators
flew to Antananarivo, capital of the
third largest of the world's Islands
(outside the Arctic regions), thus
ending the flrst half of their trip.
Speed "records" are broken every
and then, but, if the correspondent
of a Lynn daily newspaper sent in a
veracious account, the best "record"
of the sort was made in Saugus, Massachusetts. ' Here's the item a he
sent it in:
During the thunderstorm of Friday
afternoon, lightning struck in several parts of the town,.but the narrowest from death was that of William
Milton, driver of an express wagon.
He saw a flash of lightning coming
toward his wagon, but he backed his
team into the gutter and thus escaped being kllie* or badly injured.
ter returns than usual. Throughout
tbe trade there ls a widespread feeling that prices will be higher this
year, and this feeling will help greatly in keeping prices at satisfactory
Kelowna, May 25.—The welcome
news was received ln this city on
Tuesday morning that the vexed
question of location of the headquarters of the committee of direction
had been sttled at last by F. M.
Black, the chairman, indicating his
preference for Kelowna. His decision was based upon careful investigation and consideration of such
salient facts as the enormous tonnage of fruit and vegetables produced in tbe Kelowna district, the
central nature of location of this city
relative to the whole Okanagan valley, and the large number of shipping
firms operating here.
The decision also entails that Kelowna will be the headquarters for
the British Columbia Growers' and
Shippers' Federation, in accordance
with a resolution pnssed at a recent
meeting of that body at Vernon,
when lt was decided to locate the
head oflice of the Federation at the
same point as the oflice of the committee.
Suitable office space Is now being
secured for both the committee and
the Federation, and it is understood
that Mr. Black will arrive in Kelowna
about the last week of this month.
Consideration is now being given
to neceBBary changes In tho bylaws
of the Federation, and a 'r.eotin*. i<f
the 01-ranizatlon wi I *,. c.-illed at nn
early date to complete the work of
revision and to put the Federation
on a firm working basis.
When a boy sees   another   eating
something me always gets hungry.
Violent   exercise    or utter silence
are remedies for "nerjes."
Never discuss a man's salary with
him unless he starts it.
Many   a   sharp answer is made in
blunnt language.
Confederation and Af-
ter—Sixtjr Years of
Who first conceived the idea of
linking together in a strong and permanent union the scattered colonies
of British North America, lt would
be dilll ult,to say. Probably, like a
good many other important movements, this idea of Confederation
was a gradual growth, simmering ln
the minds of a few men of vision until the time was ripe to make it a
reality. Mostpeople are Inclined'ito
associate it with the Fathers of Confederation, but the idea is much
earlier than their day. They, how-
i ever, took hold of it and trimmed and
fashibned it into a practicable
Of the thirty-three Fathers of Confederation, perhaps seven may be regarded as ' tbe governing minds.
These Were the actual Fathers of Con
Tupper, Brown, McGee, Tilley, and
it ls probable that Gait, althopgh little is heard of him today, should
rank high even among these. Without the influence and enthusiasm of
Cartier it would have been impossible to persuade Fren h Canada to
consent to the union; Brown ensured
the support of the Influential Reformers of Upper Canada; Tupper and Tilley won the Maritimes; McPee by his
eloquence swayed the Irish vote;
and Macdonald's inimitable leadership piloted Confederation through
countless difficulties; but it remains
true that without the farsightedness
and enthusiasm and constHucHve
of Alexander Gait It iB very unlikely
If the Dominion would now be celebrating Its Diamond Jubilee.       ^
Gait saw, years before his associates, that a union of all the provinces
was the only solution of the problem,
the only way out of the political"tangle which every year was becoming
more hopeless. He took the Idea,, of
Confederation and, with infinite care,
built it up Into a conmplete and practicable scheme. The practical politicians bf his day were inclined1 at
first to laugh at him and' to brush
hfs plan aside as an i mposslble
dream, but in the end they were
forced to admit that it was not only
practicable but tbe only possible
road peace and security. Gait not
only developed tbe scheme of Confederation, but he, more than any other
man, prepared the public mind to
accept It. In season and out of -season he talked Confederation, and, -although no spellbinder, his clear,
logical mind, his complete faith in
the idea, and the confidence that pet*
pie had in his integrity, won the sud-
port of thousands of citizens who
otherwise might have regarded ( the
union of the provinces as a mad' and
dangerous experiment.
Without questioning for a moment
the debt that Canada owes to the
genius of Macdonald, insteerlng* tho
ship of state through the rocks and
whirlpool of party, racial and provincial jealousies and misunderstandings Ihto the murbor of Confeddra-
tioii, It is only Just to Gait to remember that ho above all otherB sowed
'the field that Macdonald reaped.
Macdonald was a shrewd and cautious statesman, lie had no faith In
rash tj-r-perl-mentH. He knew that
the,wise and successful politician led
the people the way tliey were already
Inclined to go. Macdonald was Indeed the cautafn of Confederation,
libut Gait was its prophet.
Altogether, before and after Confederation, Alexander Tllloch Gait
nave nearly sixty years to, the service of his country. Ho lived to see
its weak and scattered provinces
welded into a powerful and ambitious
Dominion. A man of rare personal
charm, modest and unassuming but
with a qufet dignity that commanded
respect, he had the genius of his
family for finance and colonization,
and was a master of diplomacy. It
Is only right that Canadians should
remind themselves that they owe a
debt of gratitude to this man whose
constructive vision and untiring effort were devoted so largely to the
creation and upbuilding of the Dominion.
"Do it now," also applies to a pre
meditated loaf.
One ungrateful man does an lnjuy
to all wbo stand in need of aid.—
I ■p
oto (grattft jffnrka Bun
ausacHif-TiON rates—payable in advance
Ona Year (in Canada and Great Britain) 11.00
Oae Year .(in the United States) ..*   1.60
Addresr -•- •——-—-cations to
-JThs Grand Pobk.- Suh
Phonk 101 Graud Forks; B. C'
FRIDAY. MAY 27, 1927
Notes • Notions • Notables
In a speech to lho Sir John A. Macdonald In Victoria
last Saturday, lion. SI*. Tolmie roundly criticized the
•liver government tor its legislation which provides tor
the taqation of profits made by speculators on the sale
af waterpowers, mining pdorperty, and timber limits.
He argued that becuuse an investor had made nine poor
investments it was not fair that he should be taxed on
the tenth lf he made a profit on that transaction. Dr.
Tolmje's Liberal opponents—and not a few of his political supporters—fail to understand his solicitude for
the man who usually plays with thousands of dollars.
The Conservative leader is concerned about the man
who may have made nine unprofitable transactions and
one profitable one. He would not tax the profit made
on the tenth venture; but what about the farmer, his
critics ask, who ls putting his own labor into the soil
and often working on the smallest of margins? They
•point out that if he has had nine lean years and tu*rns
-the corner on the tenth, lt Ib not a bit of use his going
to the department, hat in hand, and asking to be let off
in the tenth year. Me can do nothing of the sort, any
more than he can ask for the return of the taxes he has
paid in the previous nine years. Then why, they Inquire, excuse the speculator, often the citizen ot a foreign country? Dr. Tolmie also is being asked what he
would do with the small tradesman. What allowance
would he make for his lean yearB? If Dr. Tolmie is
consistent, they point out, he would allow this man as
much relief as he would allow the wealthy speculator.
Then there is thc wage garner. It Is true that if he
happens to strike a few unlucky years without employ
ment , he is of no interest to the income'tax collector.
But what about HIS tenth year? Can he -go to the taxation department and tell his tale of woe with any success? IHe can not, Dr. Tolmle's critics answer; he
must pay up for the year in which his i ncome has
reached a taxable amount—or, of course, suffer..the.con
sequences. 'In a few words, it is pointed out, DT. Tyt
mle would not *ax tne profits of the man who speculates
ln ti*tg)ber limits, in waterpowers, or ln mining property.
But he remains silent upon the plight of the struggling
farmer, the small tradesman who is trying -to' make. both
tnds meet °n a small margin, and the wage earner.'"''• V
" ■  . —"
AS a rule, the hours of sleep should about balance the
hours of work, and It is estimated that a man who, haB
|)ved half a century has slept 0000 and worked 66(10'
hours; but as he began to sleep as soon as he was born,
and did not begin to work until he had reached his
teens, these figures show at least an hour a day more
work -than sleep. The average man of flfty will probably have spent 800 days ln sim-ply walking from place
tq place,' or, at any rate, in using his legs, and if we
ajjow three miles an hour, a moderate allowance, it
gfres a mileage of 57,000, or a little over three miles a
•day, ' Thus at fifty a man has walked twice round the
wejrld with 9000 miles to spare.   Probably, also, the ay-
X.ge man of fifty has spent about 40z0 days in amuse-:
nt, and another 1500 in eating, and drinking.
It ls said that sailors visiting the island of Laysan,
in the Hawaiian group, are greatly amused by the curious antics of the Laysan albatross, or gony. These
mrds sometimes perform, in pairs, a kind ot dance or,
As the sailors call it, "Cakewalk.'' Two albatrosses
approach each other, nodding and , making profound
bows, cross their bills, produce snapping and groaning
sounds, rise to their toes, puff out their breasts and
Anally part with more nodding and bowing, only to
eome together again and repeat the performance. Occasionally three engage at once in this singular amusement. The spectators are always impressed with the
extreme "politeness" of the birds.
Some persons assert that John Howard Payne wrote
hit wonder song, 'illome Sweet 'Home," while in a debtors' prison. Others say that he wrote it at a time when
he wag pennilesB and homeless, stranded in London.
Payne, however, leaves behind him the statement that
he was a fairly successful playwright, with a good supply of money and  excellent prospects  ahead  when he
wrote the song. He did admit that he was somewhat
depressed at the time he penned the words, but he attributes his depression to a dull October ' day, merry
crowds passing his window as he sat and watched them.
He was lonesome. Being a wanderer, he had strayed
far from home, but at times he had memories of the
days he spent in happy childhood with a' mother he
adored. In a humble cottage at Easthampton, L. I. The
tune he adapted from a song he had heard a peasant girl
binging to herself ln the fields ot Italy while he waa visiting that country. After writing the words, he Jotted
down a semflance of the tune he had (heard In Italy and
sent the suggestion to the composer, Harry E. Bishop,
who produced the air that so admirably flts tha words.
The weather bureau says that a thermometer in the
air gains and loses heat in two ways—by conduction to
and from the air and by exchange of radiation with the
surrounding objects. If the thermometer is haded and
screened from radiation from surrounding objects lt
will read the same whether exposed to a strong wind or
only a light bree e. Some circulation about thi thermometer lg necessary, else the gain or loss ot heat by
radiation will be an important factor.
The term Middle ages strictly covers the ten cen-
teuies from the fall of the western Roman empire ln 476
A.D. to the commencement of the Reformation in the
fifteenth century. The first three centuries of this
period have distinct character of their own, and are
often called the Dark ages. Some English historians
consider the Middle ages to have ended with -the accession to the throne of Henry of Richmond known as
Henry VII, in 1486. He established the house of Tudor
and waB.the grandfather of -Queen Elizabeth.
Conunna is the name of a place famous in the history
of British arms. Corunna is a small but flourinshlng
seaport with a good harbor situated on the northwestern coast of Spain. During the early years of the
Peninsula war, carried on to free Spain and Portugal
from Napoleon, Sir John Moore, with a small British
army, fell back upon 'Corunna when pursued by two
armies, each larger than his own. The enemy was unable to cut ott his retreat, and having reached Corunna,
Moore turned upon his pursuers and inflicted upon
them a signal defeat, but Moore was killed just as victory was secured.   This was on January 16, 1809.
-Most of the wild animals, or their young, although
the latter may be born in captivity, show fear of snakes.
But when we try the experiment upon a human baby we
see a remarkable contrast. The small human being will
look upon the wriggling creature as a plaything, and
without the slightest hesitation Will take it into his
arms and allow lt to twirl itself around his body!
Tte Spice of Life
A certain gentleman - in London
used to entertain a great deal. Every
Friday night, writes O. B. Burgin in'
his Memoirs ot a Clubman, he would
Invite us to meet aome celebrity at
his house. Sometimes, however, the
gentleman would forget sand ask two
social 1 long tor the same evening;
then some-thing amusing might happen.
One a bronzed and bearded solitary man, very much bored, waa ait-
ting on a divan In the charming Japanese room at the end of the host's
suite. Another bronzed and bearded
man entered and sat down close to
him. For a time they watched the
crowd ln silence through the Japanese curtains.
"I say," one said to the otber at
last, "I've juat come trom Africa and
don't know a soul here."
"Same with me," the flrst replied
promptly and pulled a card out of his
pocket. "I'm invited to meet a silly
ass named "
The other man pulled a similar
card out of hig pocket. "That's my
name," he said and grinned delight
edly. "I'm invited to meet a sill ass
named "
"I'm that Uly ass. Come with me
and have some supper."
And they wentm oil arm in ami
' Most men do not lack strength, rather the will to use
it, and knowledge how best to apply it Physical
strength needs the will to decide and the brain to direct,
ito insure use that will prove profitable.—Grit.
Art is at once the surest escape from the world and
the most certain union with it—Goethe.
,w«Ehe wavering mind is a base property.—Euripides.
Poems From EasternLands
Ripe, the plums fall from the bough;
Only seven-tenths left 'there now!
Ye whose hearts on me are set,
Now the time ls fortunate!
Ripe, the plums fall from the bough;
Only three-tenths left there now!
Ye who wish my love to gain,
Will not now apply ln vain!" —
No more plums upon the bough!
All are in my basket now!
Ye who me with ardor seek,
Need the word but freely speak!
From The Shi-King.
o4ncient History
The annual freshet has come and gone, the only damage done in this vicinity by the turbulent waters being
the washout of the old Frst street wagon bridge, which
hand bee condemned.
The wit that made W. S. Gilbert's
opera librettos so sparkling was apt
confined to that sort ot writing, Gilbert's letters- some ot which the
Cornhill Magazine prints, were almost always alive with his character-
lctlcally whimsical humor. Here is
a choice bit: "Do you know how
they are going to decide the Shakespeare-Bacon dlsitate? They are going to dig up Shakespeare and dig
up .Bacon; they are going to et
their coffins side by side, and they
are going to get Beerbohm Tree (the
famous English actor) to recite Hamlet to them. And the one wbo turns
ln his coffin will be the author of ithe
Owing to labor troubles, the B. C. mine was the only
shipper In the Boundary last week.
This pathetic letter recently reached a large business houae ln Rochester, New York. It came from one
of the firm's saleamen who wag traveling dn the west. Do you suppose
he ever got hi cheque at all, and if
so, how?   The letter ran:
Where did I tell you to send my
cheque for thig week? I didn't keep
a copy of my letter, bo don't know
where you were to send it, but wherever it was to be sent, please send
it tbere at once; only, how am I going to know where it Is so I can go
there and get lt, as I leave this town
tonight and don't know where I will
be next
A gentleman -wbb negotiating with
a horse dealer. "I am not so particular about speed," he said, "but I
must have a gentle hor e for my
wdfe to ride. Will you guarantee
this horse to be safe?"
"Certainly," said the dealer. "He's
a regular lady's horse."
"You are sure he's not afraid of
anything?" aaked the gentleman anxiously.
Whereupon the dealer assumed an
air of reflection. "Well, there is
one thing that he hag always appeared to be afraid of," he admitted conscientiously. "It eemg as it he's
scared to death for fear that some
one might say 'Whoa!' and he not
hear lt."
One way to make light of yonr
troubles ls to burn your unreceipted
" The police have been Instructed by
the dty council and the police com
rndssloners to arrest all persons tottering In vacant bulldlmss.or persons
who are caught writing on any windows or walls on buildings in tha
city, or otherwise marking or defacing them. Persons caught in the act
ot any ot these misdemeanors will
be punished ln accordance with th*
penalties provided by the city bylaws.
Sometimes the informality
.  of the spoken word
is more effective
them a letter.
British   Columbia  Telephone
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year
ffX    ***
-,,J *Xj *'~^
_ .*.   * ;- TtZ*£nS--\
TThe production of foodstuffs must always remain Canada's basic industry. This Is ensured by her very immensity, the fertility of her soil, and tttt, kip-Sty ot Nature which decrees ths variations of frost and Show,
sunshine and rain necessary for the growth of fruit, grain and vegetables unrivalled the world over. In the Item of wheat alone the year ot Confed'si'ktion aaw a crop of 10,323,873 for th* entire Urritory bow
known, as the Dominion  of Canada;  last year the total production of wheat was 406,269,000 bushels! , . ..'.
In the last sixty yenrs the development of machinery has made farm workmuch less laborious. In 1S67 the cutting -of grain by machinery was comparatively new, ahd the machines then in use were crud*.and na*
wleldy. In that year a Canadian company produced the hand-rake reaper, shown in Mr. Jelferys' sketch, wich wag far superior to any'manufactured before. On many a faro of that day th* entire grain crop, wat ent
by the old-fashioned cradle's An expert cradler, followed by a man with a wooden rake, who raked the windrows into sheaves and bound them with a wisp of straw, could harvest from three to four acres a day. Now*
adays a power-driven reaper-thresher which cuts a 15-foot swath and carries a crew of two men, can cut and thresh forty acres In a day! The artist shows the old and the new methods, together with another labor-saving device—a modern tractor. *
Very literally are the provinces bound togeflier by bands ot steel. As a matter of tact, British Columbia became a province of the Dominion in 1871 under pomlse of railway connection, though the actual linking
np did not become a reality till 1885. The enormous development of railroading has been one ot the outstandig features of the sixty pears that have elapsed since Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia
united under-one central government in 1867.- At that-time the new-bom Dominion boaster 2278 miles of track; it has over 4(2,500 miles today. In equipment, too, the evolution has been great. The old wood-burner
ot 1867, tbough- capable of very credible speed, was a pigmy in size, weight and strength -compared with tne huge locomotives of today. C. W. Jefferys, Canada's foremost historical artist, here graphically depicts the
changes that have .taken- plaoe. ■ • ■  ' .
"The White Empresses of the Pacific"
A srtriWnf note of interest cornea In
tW oaa of the first announcements
for 1M7 from the oflice of the Chairman of the Canadian Padfle Steam-
ahipa, Mr. E. W. Beatty. "The
White Empresses of the Pacifie" will
again be tho connecting transportation link between Canada and the
Orient. The company's palatial fleet
of monster steamships on the Pacific
ocean will assume its former glory of
being garbed in white, s*
The Empress of Asia will arrive in
Vancouver on Jan. 24, and will be the
firat to arrive in Canadian waters
■pie an' span in white paint. According to the official order, the white
paint will be topped off by a suitable
•hade of Pacific blue around the
sheer line streak of the vessels. This
waa used when the three-funnel fleet
waa formerly painted white, and the
effect acclaimed the ships among the
most attractive, in world, commerce.
On Feb. 18 th* blue-ribbon ship
of the Pacific, the 21,500 ton Empress
of Canada, will arrive in Vancouver
dad in white. Holding the Pacific
■peed record of fifteen days, twenty-
one hours from Hongkong to Vancouver and from Yokohama to the
Canadian port in eight days, ten
hours and fifty-three minutes, the
blue line from stem to stern will be a
fitting tribute to the flagship's power
and to Canada's enterprising trade
relations with the Far East.   ,
Arriving in Vancouver on March 6,
the Empress of Russia, the 16,900
ton sister-ship to the Empress of
Asia, will be the third to arrive after
Vprtaaot Russia at ths left In
'filte. At tha right I* dl* Km.
annual overhaul in Hongkong and
will complete the fleet to be Known
as "The White Empresses of the
As Royal Mail ships these Canadian Pacific Empresses have been
supreme in the trade between
America and Asia, being the largest
and fastest on the Pacific route. Their
service is augmented by being the
important link between Europe and
the Orient by one transportation
system, the largest in the world, the'
Canadian Pacific.
Sailing in both directions every
three weeks, th'ese ships, which are
the last word in floating architecture,
have attained great popularity with
the world traveller. They have
carried to the markets of the world
the treasures of Oriental merchandise
aa well as vast cargoes of such commodities as tea and rice. In the world
war these Empresses played no small
Sart in the protection of the Allied
iterests on the Pacific.
In consequence the announcement
from the chief executive of the
company te the effect that the fleet is
again to be known aa "The White
Empresses of the Padfic" meets with
popular favor.
Sixty Years
of Parliament
What the Red Cross is doing
for the Good of Caaada
For the Veteran
Befriends 3, SOO soldiers still in hospital . . . relieves
sickness and need in their families . . . cares for the
soldier settler . . . provides sheltered employment for the
disabled in three Veterans' Workshops.
For the Children
Through Junior Red Cross, has aided 9,000 crippled
children and has pledged over .137,000 school children to
practice health habits and to serve others.
For the Pioneer
••   Brings nursing service ta those in frontier districts through
39 Outpost Hospitals and Nursing Stations.
For die New Canadian,
Welcomes and gives needed attention to immigrant mothers
and children at three Seaport Nurseries.
For die Mothers and Daughters
In Home Nursing' Classes, has taught principles of nursing,
diet and home hygiene to over 12,000 women and girls.
For die Disaster Victim
js organized lo afford prompt relief to sufferers from
fire, flood and epidemic.
\ .   ' *
" *■■:...- Nation-Wide Appeal *    I
Canadian Red Cross Society
Send Contributions to:
British Columbia Division, Canadian Red Cross Society,
9M Pender Street Wesl, Vancouver. B.C.
In the structure of Confederation,
the parliament of Canada was the
keystone. It was the one creation of
the British North America Act about
which the walls of the nation were
erected. The act passed the British
house of commons In the early spring
of 1867. On March 29, 1867, lt was
given royal assent in the house of
lords. By proclamation lt came into
effect on July 1, and on November 6
of that year the flrst session of tbe
first -parliament was opened by Rt.
Hon. Viscount Monck, tbe flrst governor general of the Dominion.
The flrst session of the flrst parliament lasted until May, 1868. Tbe
parliament under the premiership of
Sir John A. Macdonald lived through
Ave sessions, dissolution being granted by the Earl ot Dufferin, the governor general in 1872. Fifteen parliaments have been summoned and
dissolved since July 1, 1867, and 1927
finds Canada between the flrst and
second sessions of tbe sixteenth parliament
Fourteen ministries have held office under the crown. Of these eight
have been Conservative, two have
been Unionist, and four have been
Liberal. Ten citizens of Canada
have held the high office of prime
minister, and thirteen governors general have represented three reigning
sovereigns in this Dominion since
July, 1867.
Four times during these sixty years
Canadians mave stood to arms and
on two of t hese occasions troops
have fought abroad These occasions
were the Fenian raids, the Northwest rebellion, the South African
war, and the Great War of Europe.
With these interludes the Btory of
the Dominion has been a domestic
one. It has been a story of immigration, industry and administration,
and. over all three phases the parliaments of Canada have exercised the
dominant influence.       ■
Quite apart from considerations of
parties and the rise and fall ot political movements the chronicle of Confederation ls witho t a parallel In
the history of democratic government. Never before has such a mere
handful of people occupied, administered and prospered on such a vast
area of county. Even now—sixty
years alter—the world can look to
for lessons ln administration. With
a population not much greater than
some of the cities of the world but
spread over balf a continent, democracy functions In all its branches and
the citizens prosper. It is not only
a tribute to administrative ability, it
is a tribute to British parliamentary
government, which has been proven
equally adaptable In the compact little crowded over the seas and in this
great sprawling nation of British
North America.
To the men who have led the governments of Canada more than to
any others belong the credit for the [
administrative achievements of the
six decades. The ministers of the
past sixty years are as follows:
Rt  Hon. Sir John A. Macdonald
(July, 1867-November, 1873).
Hon. Alexander Mackenzie (November, 1873-October, 1878). ._.-
Rt. Hon. Sir John A. Macdonald
(October, 1878- June, 1891).
Hon. Sir J. J. Abbott (June, 1891-
Deiiember, 1892).
Hon. Sir John Thompson (Derem-
ber, 1892-December, 1894).
Hon. Sir M. Bowell (December,
189 "-April, 1896).
Hon. Sir Charles Tupper (May,
1896-JJ ne, 1896).
Rt. Hon. Sir Wilfrid Laurier (July,
1896-October, 1911).
Rt. Hon. Sir Robert Borden (October, 1911-October, 1917).
Rt. Hon. Sir Robert Borden (October, 1917-July, 1920).
Rt. Hon. Arthur Meighen (July,
1920-December, 1921).
Rt Hon. W. Is. Mackenzie King
(December, 1921-June, 1926).
Rt Hon. Arthur Meighen (June,
1926-Saptember, 1926).
Rt. Hon. W. L. Mackenzie King
(September, 1926-
Vancouver, May 19,—A special
committee of the Automobile Club
ot British Columbia has been authorized to eet the executive ot the Union
of British Columbia Municipalities to
secure their support at the August
meeting of that body In plans for a
road-marking system throughout the
province that would ensure complete
continuity of signs. This policy was
followed out by the club ln its signing program Hn the past, but as the
work has now been assumed by the
government and the municipalities in
their own territories, and little has
been so far accomplished, the directors decided that It would be necessary t obtain the cooperation of all
interests to provide an effective signing system.
A resolution calling on the government to provide signs for the
highway between Vernon and Kelowna was passed unanimously,
A resolution emanating from the
Canadian Automobile association,
thanking the customs and excise department for the 90-day touring extension permit and for the department's confidence in the motor clubs
by asking them to sponsor such tourists, waa passed unanimously.
People take The9 Sun
because they believe
it is worth the price we
charge for it. It is
therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents,including
advertisements. This
is not always the case
wifh newspapers thit
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
Advertising "to help
the editor."£But we do
want business advertising by progressive business men who, know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If you have something to offer the public that will ^benefit
them and you as well,
the newspaper reaches
more people than a bill
and if you have the
goods you can do business with them
Only Fresh Tc
Scaled air-tight. Fresh and delicious.
Oeorge McCabe, an old-time Granby smelter employee who has been
living on the prairies for the past
eight or ten yearn, returned to the
city last Saturday from Rochester,
Minn., where he underwent an operation in tbe Mayo -Bros.'s hospital.
He was accompanied by wlte, and
they are staying at the home of the
tatter's mother, Mrs. J. A. Brown.
They will remain in the city tor some
H. H. Spinks, one of the old Granby smelter employees in this city
who has been living at the coast for
a number of years, visited friends
here for a few days this week.
H. *vV. Gregory, general road foreman for the Greenwood district was
la the eity yesterday.
Day Sports
growers of all farm produce and the
dealers in dairy products, but that
was too large a mouthful for the
British Columbia lawmakers to swallow at one gulp, and the present act
is confined to the shippers ot fruit
The fruit growers of British Columbia have tried almost every avenue
to make their business' successful,
but it has never attained that condition. They have tritd individual effort, and fruit rotted on the ground.
They tried tariff protection; and although they secured some benefit, lt
did not seem t° nave tne desired effect. They tried organizing their
own distributing houses, but did not
The crowning of the May queen
attracted a large crowd to the school
grounds on Victoria day. Miss Sweeney was the crowned queen and Miss
Peggy McCallum the retiring sovereign.
The pupils of the Grand Forks public school apparently won the major
portion of the prizes In the track day
sports at Nelson on Monday, as they
brought home a trainload of cups
and medals. You can see them ln
Morrison's window.
The annual field sports of the
Grand Forks public school are being
held today. Fgj||g] |
Col. and Mrs. H. F. Cunningham,
of Vancouv r, who have been paying
a visit to Mr. and Mrs. R. Camlpbell
for a few weeqs, is very much interested In th possibilities of the valley and district from a sheepraising
point of view, and has been looking
it ov, r with the object of making a
recommendation to parties interested in sheepraising. Th colonel
states that, In his opinion, this district is the best adapted for the
sheepraising industry of any section
in the province he has visited and
his visit here may result in lands and
range being acquired sufficiently extensive to give the industry a good
trial. Col. Cunningham was representative for the British Columbia
fishing industry during the two seasons of the Wemblef exhibition in
London and is thoroughly conversant
with conditions all over the province. Mr.and Mrs. Cunningham will
visit the Kootenays before returning
to the coast city.
David Whiteside, who was one oi
Grand Forks' pioneer barristers, has
been elected 'president of the Royal
City Lons' club in New Westminster.
The results ln the children's sports
in the Victoria day celebration ln
this city were as follows:
Boys' race, 8 years and under—A.
Smonoff won, B. D. Sanavankoff second, M. Danhser third.
Girls' race, 8 years and under—Isabel Donovan won, Annie Ronald second, Auilray Donaldson third.
Boys' race, 10 years and under—
Gordon Mudie won, George Olson
second, Gordon  WelSB third.
Girls' race, 10   years   and under-
Mary Kuva won, Fern Henniger second, E. Patterson third.
•Boys' race, 14 years and under—
Fred Dekessoff won, Colin Graham
second, B. Wreden third.
Girls' race, 14 years and under—
Lucille Donovan won, M. Patterson
second, Kate Dorner and Amllene
Trombly third.
Boys' three-legged race, 12 years
and under—Patterson and Deporter
won, Bailey and Lyden second, 'San
tano and Waterman* third.
Girls' three-legged race, 14 years
and under—Mitchell and Davis won,
Donovan and Dorner second.
Boys' three-leggad race, over 12
years—Grisdale and J. Miller won,
Scott and Cooped second, Patterson
and Deporter third
Sack race—Bailey won, J. Lyden
second, Patterson third.
Girls' sack raoe, 1-2 years and un-
del—Mary Dorner won, E. Massie
second, Veronica Kuva  third.
Sack race, girla*—Davis and Mitchell won, Davis and Mitchell second,
Henderson and Patterson third.
Girls' race, 16 years—E. Collins
won, F. Davis second, Mitchell third.
L adies' race— Mrs. S. Hull won
Mrs. Simpson second, Grace Simpson
Relay race— C. Hansen and Jim
Miller and W. Manson won, McLeod
and Bickerton seccn.
In the baseball tournament in the
aftrnoon Trail won from Colville and
Rossland defeated Chewelah. In
the finals Rossland defeated Trail.
It is estimated that 23,500,(100
acres will be sown to crops this
year in the West, an increase oi
2,500,000 acres over 1920.
Canadians hold the record (or
eating eggs. The average Canadian
last year consumed 887—a record
according to Dr. J. B. Grisdale,
Deputy Minister of Agriculture.
Tobacco-growing Is flourishing In
Western Ontario, and this year the
acreage will likely run to 45,000 or
double that devoted to the production of this plant in 1925. The crop
last year was valued at (6,000,000.
-tate is justified in preventing a minority from spoiling the beneficial results which might come from the voluntary cooperation of the ' majority.
The bill which makes this proposal
effective, had a bard passage through
the 'British Columbia legislature.
The original bill provided tbat the
same system would apply to the
seem able to compete with private
interests. They tried pooling on
the Sapiro plan, but could not hold
their membe rs together owing to
their inability to secure a large
enough percentage of the growers to
make the pool effective. Now they
are embarking on compulsory pooling under state advisory assistance.
What will be established will be
something in the nature of a fruit
hoard along the lines of the Canada
wheat board of war years. The experiment will be watched with interest. It lt proves to be successful,
those whose principles of liberty
have outraged by the scheme, will
not receive a great deal of symna-
thy, and advocates ot a similar plan
will be found among the growers of
prairie products."
Get Your
Mr. and Mrs. James Muir
Greenwood on Monday.
Rev. Mr. Bettie returned on Wednesday from the United church conference  in  Vancouver.
Mr. and Mrs . E. E. Gibson, of Penticton, were visitors In the city on
Peter A. Z. Pure has tnken a two
years' lease on tlm store building
formerly occupied by (.'lark Bros
next P, Burns & C'u.'s, on First St
and is having it fitted up as,a modern barber Bhop. lie will move to it
on the first of the month.
The weather could not have been
improved upon for the Victoria day
One of the most powerful radio
stations in Canada will be erected
at Red Deer, Alberta, in tht- near
future. Stations will be operated in
Calgary and Edmonton by remote
control to the main station.
New Zealand will be officially
represented at the World's Poultry
Congress at Ottawa, July 27 to
August 4. R. W. Hawke, one of the
Island Dominion's best known poultry breeders, will represent that
Beside- the game fish hatchery
which will be established by the Dominion Government in the Wateron
Lakes district in Southern Alberta,
a commercial fish hatchery will be
established in the north. The latter
will also handle certain species of
game fish suitable to lake waters.
Shipments of ore to the big reduction works of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada at Trail are keeping up well, according to the latest report of ore
received at the smelter for the period May 15 to 21, Inclusive, which
Copper Concentrates—
Allenby, Allenby, 699 tons.
Lead Ore—
Alice, Creston, 23 eons; Bell, Beaverdell, 44 tons! Sally, Beaverdell,
46 tons.
Milling ore—
Bluebell, Rlondel, 509 tons; Galena
Farm, Silverton, 123 tons; Lucky
Jim, Zincton, 135 tons; Ruth Hope,
Sandon, 36 tons; Yankee Girl, Ymir,
384 tons.
-Dry Ore—
Last Chance, Republic, 176 tons;
Lone Pine, Republic, 96 tons; Quilp,
Republic, 161 tons; Surprise, Republic, 118 tone.
Company mines, 6341 tons; grand
total, 8891 tons.*
The Canadian Pacific steamship
passenger traffic through the port
of Saint John during the .winter
season of 1926-7 was over 40 per
cent, greater than that of the previous season, and it is expected that
the summer traffic through the St.
Lawrence port will sho.v a still
greater increase.
her, and one of them explained:
"Minnie, she went away to get ex-'
amined to be an idiot, but she didn't'
pass." I
j    A man can laugh and laugh
I be a villain still.
The last addition to the chain of
Canadian Pacific hotels is the
"Hotel Saskatchewan," located at
Regina, opening on May 24. It ts
one of the.finest of the chain of a
character in keeping with the importance of the capital city of the
Province which furnishes 60 per
cent, of the Dominion's wheat cut-
put. The hotel is 12 stories, containing 216 bedrooms with bath, and
many beautiful public rooms and
administrative offices.
At last we've gotten rid of the
rude who used to blow out the gas.'
"He's still With us," contradicted
TJnclo Bill Bottletov; "only he works
rdifferent. He puts the gas in his
flivver tank and hits sixty miles an
Diner-—Has this salad any vita
mines in it waiter?"
Waiter—No, sir; no, sir—there's
nothing like that in our food! You'll
find everything perfectly clean.
Biography (iu the 1960 manners-
Left a golf orphan at an early age,
he overcame every handicap and
rose to gveatness.
Some fears have been expressed
regarding the effect on prairie sentiment of the control over distribution and price that may be exercised
uniler tho produce marketing act. In
this connection tlie editorial quoted
below, which appeared In the Western Producer, is very reassuring.
This paper ls published at Saskatoon
and has a very large circulation, particularly  among  wheal   growers:
"It Is to be tried in British Columbia. British Columbia Is embarking
this yoar on an experiment in marketing which is new on the North
American continent. It has been
tried to some extent In Australia and
South Africa, but there is no inform
ation to hand as to how successful 11
has been. Through legislation recently passed at Victoria, the fruit
growers of the interior af that prov
ince are eniipowered to form a committee which will have have entire
charge of the marketing of the fruit
of the district. When 75 per cent of
the growers of a defined d istrict
ar*ree among themselves, that they
will form a cooperative marketing organization on pool lines, a committee is appointed, upon which the government has a representative' and
no grower may dispose of bis pro
duct of his farm or ranch otherwise
than as iprovided by the committee.
"The minority are compelled by
statute to become pool marketers,
on the general    principle    that    the
The Canadian Pacific Railway
Company reports from Winnipeg
the marketing of grain at the present rate of 180,000 bushels daily, as
compared with 123,370 for the corresponding season of last year.-
Manitoba's 180,000 compares with
Saskatchewan's 533,000 and Alberta's 866,827. Loadings are aho
above last year's record with 220
ears daily.
The greater portion of th.« i,-|!i
forming the carillon to be instniltd
In the Victory Tower, at Ottiiv ..,
were shipped from England on !•'.::;
7 by the Canadian Pacific steaiS'li >
"Balfour." The carillon, consists .:
of 58 bells, Ib regarded as the l'.;i-.
est in the world, and have been cast!
at the famous bell foundry nt Cnv-
don. The bells are a portion of a
national memorial to thousand* of
Canadians whp laid down their
lives in the Great War.
re   Tolls,
etc.,   Cariboo
NOTICK Is bi'ielsy nlven lhal pursuant tn
Order in Couneil No. 4*1, aniruvcil May
18th, W&1, Kssruliitliius WL-le niinli: rexpei-tiiig
tolls, eti'., on lhe Cariboo Road, b-tsv'-en Yale
aid L*rt*ati Parti'-ulars can be obtains.-'
from the- undersigned or »uy tissveriinie't
Di-pnlv Minister ansl
Piltiifd Works Engineer.
Parllamei t Uuililliigs,
VI'toria, H. C ,
May 17th, 1921.
Phone 20
The Province of New Brunswick
ia rising in importance as a fur-
farming province. The report on
the fur farms of Canada just issued by the Dominion Bun a* jf
Statistics shows New Brunswick at
the head of all the provinces in Uie.
matter of the yearly gain in uo
number of fur farms. Theae increased by exactly 100 in tiie yenr
ending March, 1926, nearly djuj-
ling the number of the year b*'o*a
and standing in the later year at
206. Prince Edward Island still
leads the Dominion in the numiicr
of farms, having 570 out of a Dominion total of 2,283, the latter
figure comparing with 2,1,10 the
year before. Th? provinces rank as
follows: Prince Edward Island, 570[
Ontario 495; Quebec, 45 j; New
Brunswick. 206; Nova Scotia, tip,
Alberta and British Columbia *•■,.•«
120; Manitoba. 511; Sa.-"':au-"> «.,u,
42, and the Yuk'a Territories, 20.
Try our Special Ten
at 65c per lb
Shoes, Shirts, Overalls
Good values for your
Call and see jus before
General Merchant
Transfer Co.
City n-t-t->ageand General
Coal,   Wood and
for Sale
at the
Phone 25
"Service and Quality"
E. C. Henniger Co.
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Cement and Plaster
Poultry Supplies
Grand Forks, B. C.
TUK value of well-
priated, neat appearing stationery as
a means of getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. .Consult u ' before going
Wcddiujj; invitations
Bail programs
•   Business cards
Vi    ng cards
Sh' "' iug tags
Price lists
Billheads -
New Type
Latest Style
Colon i bla Avenue and
lake Street
Varant iiursis-srvotl, aiirvtijr.'s" Crown lunds
oistybeiir-eiuptetl by Hrltl Is 'subjeot. o'er
18 years ot ano, ami bj- alien-on ilnuriiiii
inleiilluu to become Hrlil.l, siibjeuls, ujn.il-
tional upon res.1 lei.-~'. ssiwusiuilini anil Ini-
lirorement Issr azilenbaral uurs>ose«.
Kull liifurmisll'iis coiitern ti.; if-nrutlnns
rF|»rsilsigpree*mtlois» Is irlven In Uiiljetln
No. 1, Lan i Series "Uow to Fie eatiit i.an I."
loplerof whleb ran be obtained freomf cbiirga
by aitdretHhiK ilsr l)eiiii-i;iie,, nf Lainls,
Victoria, B.C.. orsisiy Government Auent,
Keen: ds will be untile o"v-rliitc only laml
suitable (or airrloiilturHi pu--misc.-*, and sVlili-h
Is nut tiiiiliarluinl. i e„ currying- over .'.'Kill
board feet lies- uore weitol me (.oast luiire
aisds-XKl feci our ucre raat   I lhat range, j
■JAlsisllratlons for ,i.-o-einiillons are to be
addressed to tbe Land Oiimnsississiicr ot tke
Laud Heeordluir Division, In wblcb tbo land
upnllc.l 'or ls situated, anil ar., made on
printed forms, a'plus ol u in lie obtained
from tbe Land C'j nun.,lb ier.;
Pre-emption, must bo   oeoimluil for Ave   '
ycaraaiid linn- sveiii-nt. mil s io vuliie of tin
peraero, In'In linjol'Hi-ilia* and cultivating
at Irast bveacres, before n Qr:iwn.tit-ant enn    <
Cor moro detune i iiimrnii.iaii .eeftae Hut.
let In'How tsil'i-e-immt Lind."
O        PURCHAbs.
Application.are received f ir funkasu of
aeantaiuluiiro.es veil Crowu Laud.,not ba-
Ing timberland. for agricultural pe-rposes:
mliilmuni prion of llr.t-eiu,»(urubli') laud It
♦5 par aore. and heoniul-i-less (grailng) land
**.6* peraoic. Kur bar Information;regard-
lug iiurcliaae or leuse s.f Grown l.isisl* is glveu
lu bulletin No 10. Laud*ftrlei "Pmulpisa and
Lease ol crowu Lauds.',     I   ' '"
Mill, factory, or tndij.nlul situ ott timber
laud, uut exceeding ',) aeres, "lay .Ise pur-
chased or leaaed, ou nunditi.ius laielnding
payment or .iiimpuge. .>'<
NUMbttllK  I «*AS-e».S
^Unsurveyed areas, uol n-iMseiliug » acres,
may bc leased as liuincsliai.coiinitiouai upou
a dwelling beitlu; e eoteil lu the brat year,
title being ebtulnable alter residenoe aud
improvement condition, sre f u I HI led aud land
has been surveyed.
forgrailugand Induatrial purposes areas
not exceeding e<U acres may be I -aised by one
percon or aomupauy.
I'ndrr the (Iraslng Act the I'mvliiea it
divided rmograiliiK districts and llm range
adiulniste.ed under a Qraxlilg Com.
missioner. Animal tmiiin-x permits are
iuued based ou numbers ranged, priority being glveu to cstiibliahid owuers. Stook
owners may form asao-ilattont for range
management. Freo, ur partially tree, permit,
ate available lor settler., -saiaisera and
travellers up to ten bead.
Wholesale and Retail
Ilavanu Cigars, Pipes
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand Forks, B. C.
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty"
A ftcu t
1/ontinicn Monumental Worka i.i
(i]Aabf*ato« I'roduc » Co. RooHna.!!
Office  at  R.  F.  Petrie'.- Store
Phone 64
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yai.8 Hotrl,  First ibkkt
Furniture Mado to Or.ier.
Aho Repairing of all Kind-.
Upholstering Neatly Done


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