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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Sep 9, 1927

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 When a man does not succeed in an undertaking he never blames the right
a N interesting review of tho
*_* ^fcondltlon of fruits' ami vegetables over all the wide area
served by the horticultural branch,
department of agriculture of British
Columlbia, ls presented in the last
■Issue of the Horticultural News Let
tar issued last week. This ls reproduced In part:
August 23.—-Further inspection of
the orchc-rds of this district serves
to confirm tbe estimate ,of 65 (per
cent of last season's crop, given In a
recent report In fact, taking into
consideration the poor outlook in
certain of the orchards, caused primarily- toy lack of proper irrigation
•sjdd the presence of blister mlte.and
(to a certain extent) scab, tit is just
• question whether this estimate of
tbe crop is not too. high. The fruit
in soome of the orchards, handicapped by lack of moisture and proper thinning, ls not sizing up as the'
favorable soil a|id climatic conditions
early In the summer led one tn expect. This gloomy state of affairs is
fortunately applicable to only a portion of the orchard area, but it is
sufficient to apect the previously reported estimate of the crop of the
August -29.—Since fthe issuing o
the last news letter the weather has
been very much cooler with considerable showery weather. This is
tending to pur good color Into the
fruit and all varieties are showing
nice color for the season. Wealthies
are now moving out in hetfvy volume
* and should clean up within the next
two weeks. Judging from the appearance of the Mcintosh variety
these should be coming Into their mature stagt about the 10th-15th of
sSeptemfber, and the movement of this
variety should be held over as long
ap possible to obtain reasonable ma
HurRy. Hyslop crabs and prunes
should be ready to move somewhere
around the 18th of Oeptembtr. The
crabs may be in condition previous
to this, (but prunes should certainly
be left to develop a reasonable sugar
content as better maturity ln tbls
fruit me£(n better keeping qualities.
Pears and peaches are moving out
from the south end of the Vernon
district and there should be a steady
flow of fruit through the packing
houses from now until the end of
the season.
Onion harvesting is just commencing   and   the   fields generally show
very fair quality   bulbs.   All   other
vegetables are going out in volume
as demanded by the markets.   The
quality of all crops appears to be of
a high standard, but sca|b   and   hail
damages will undoubtedly have some
effect   ln reducing the total volume
ot apples going Into higher grades.
August 25.—Wealthies are moving
in   quantities,   By   the end of next
week the crop will be about a|l pick
ed.   Molntosh are beginning to put
on   color   and are generally of good
siae.   Bartlett and  Bousstock  pears
•re moving out ln quantities. Prunes
.  will move in about a week's time.
Tomatoes aire not ripening as fast
as usual for the time of year.Tobacco
harvesting has commenced.
August 26.—Wealthies  are  taking
on color rapidly and are sitting well
t(nd by the 1st of September Should
be ready for a flrst picking ln many
orchards.   Duchess apples and peach
plum are moving out   Small fruits
•re over with the exception ot a few
August 25.—Apples are sizing well
afnd putting on good color for the
ttme of year. The Duchess have all
moved out and the Wealthy and Gravensteins are coming ln now, and are
of a good sample. 'Mcintosh will bt
reajdy to pick ln about 12 days. Bartlett pears are moving in volume, with
flemish Beauty coming in fast Several varieties of plums are now helping to fill mixed cars, also Yellow
Bt John and some varieties of white
fleshed peaches. ,
August 24.—Apples afro sizing up
as snSl as tsst*. hs expected, and con-
sldr-rt-*ble color ls starting to show.
Wealthies win start to move out mj
car lots about the first week in'
September. Where growers have
thinned this crop heavily the fruit
trill be of good size. The Wea-Hhy,
eroy is not very heavy in the district
eemj-iared wttb last year, aad owing'
person for the failure
"Tell me what you Know Is tra»
I can gnees as well tt yea."
to scolb the quality will not be quite
as good.
August 33.—Toward the middle of
last week a storm broke over the
northern section of the valley, which
wt|i ushered ln witb a strong wind-
almost approaching a gale ln sec
tions. The damage on the whole was
slight, but a few (individuals suffered
severely, as the loss in pears wop
more severe tban In apples. In the
aggregate about 1000 boxes were
blown down, chiefly Olapp's Favorite
and Flemish Beauty, and r|bout 5000
boxes of apples, Molntosh Red, Delicious and Wealthy predominating.
Part of this loss will be compensated
by greater growth of the crop left.
SUN'S WEEKLY TRAVELOGUE   | ocean, and not by land, from Yakutsk
■ANOOUVBR, September 7.—Of
y the 5000 residents of British
Columbicl to whom application
forme for a new old age pension
scheme are being sent, not more than
300 will be eligible for benefits, according to officials of the workmen's
compensation board in Vancouver,
through which applications e|re being issued.
Reports from the oflice state that
thousands of applicants have visited
the bulldiing personally and given
partlcukfs. As soon as order ln
council authorizing payment of pen yur/
sions is passed by the Dominion K"v-|.t>elow
ernment payment of first instalments
will take place.
Much trouble ls (being caused by
the fact that 70 yetfrs ago registration of births was not compulsory in
Canada and numbers of applicants
have htfi difficulty in proving their
exact age. Ollieials point out however, that five years ago registration
was compulsory in nearly all the
provinces, and marriage certificates
showing age at which applicant waB
married will be taken as correct evidence. These certificates can be obtained tf. the parliament buildings of
each province. Natives ot England
and Scotland seeking pension benefits
here are required to get their birth
certificates from the old land.
FRANK BOYBR, ot Saskatchewan, who operated stage lines
running out of Orand Forks lo
Greenwood, Midway, Phoenix and
Republic ln the days when the few
old-timers now left In the valley were
pioneering here, bas been spading
the past week In the Boundary towns
—most ot the time In this dity. He
returned to Saskatchewan this morning, by way ot Spokane.
Mr. Royer says the pesent outlook
on the prairie Is that Saskatchewan
and Alberta will harvest the Ictrgest
crops they ever harvested, and he
predicts real good times this fall for
those provinces as well as for British
/Mr. Royer has ridded considerably
to bis stock of this world's goods
since he left Grand Forks, and he
now spends his summers in Saskatchewan and his winters in southern California.
"-We used to call a doctor to build
us up."
"Feminine shapes are tending in
the opposite direction now."
Three-year-old   Danny   had     been
given his first peanut
He struggled with it for awhile,
trying to break the shell, hut tound
his small thumb and vnger unequal
to the taf-k. So be brought lt to his
"Will you unbutton it please, mother?" he said.
WITH the coming ot spring
takes on a new aspect ln Arnalc
Siberia, where human activity
ls atll largely confined to hunting,
trapping, and flshinng. Yet lt ls only
In winter that the little villages of
tbls most Isolated region can be
reached. Then the rivers, marshes,
lakes are frozen and may be traversed, while ln spring, summer , and
autumn this part of Siberia is entirely cut off from the rest ot the world
by countless Impassable swamps.
The distances are almost unbelievable in Siberia. The Siberian strat-
Ing point for most of the Arctic coast
lslrkrutsk, metropolis of the Trans-
Siberian railway. From there to Na-
kutsk, little more thap half-way
house, Is nearly 1200 miles by air
Une; but by the route that must be
traversed, partly by sterner along the
winding Lena, the distance Is over
1500 miles. From Yakutsk to Russ-
koe Ustye, one of the most remote of
the Arctic coast villages, is an additional thousand miles or more.
To Yakutsk and a little beyond,
horses are used, even ln winter; but
then one enters the realm of the reindeer and makes a large part of the
remainder ot the Journey on sledges
drawn by those animafs. Tbe last SO
miles must be covered by dog-sledge.
The trip ls through the still primeval
forests (the taiga), such as are found
only in Siberia. The way leads!
through deep ravines, winding chan
nels, snow-filled beds of rivers, and
over the ta|l, rocky forest-clad mountains.
On such a winter Journey the mercury never rises beyond 20 degrtes
zero centigrade, and usually
hovers about—50 degrees. Verkhoyansk, supposed to be the coldest
spot on earth, is on tbis route, and at
times the mercury there sinks to -70
degrees  centigrade and lower.
The pntroevtH forests are left behind when the Yablonl mountains
are passed, and the traveler enters
the Arctic tundra. Northward the vegetation grows scanter and scatter.
The tall bushes of willow become
lower and lower, finally disappearing
entirely. All eibout is a limitless
snowy expanse, with no features on
which the eye may rest. It Is In
such i\ stretch of tundra that the settlement of Russkoe Ustye is situated
(Throughout tbe whole course of
the Indlgirka river, probably not less
than 950 miles in length, Russkoe Ustye ds considered the largest settlement. But it consists of six dwelling houses only.
Tbe Russian word dom (house) has
here become dym, which mtans
smoke. And this metamorphosis Is
perfectly Justified, for in this land of
polar frost and blizzards, t-tj house
without fire, or 'smoke," is not considered a house.
/The population of the settlement
numbers only about twenty souls. All
the colonies on the Indlgirka river,
scattered along its course In settlements of trom two to four cottages
eaoh, do not comprise more than 400
These Russians represent, ae it
were, foreign Islets in the sea of the
aboriginal Yukaghlrs, Tungus, Yakuts, and Chuckchl, who surround
them everywhere. The aborigines
live as nomads, raising reindeer.whlle
the Russians- hajve a settled mode of
existence along the banks of the
river, and use dogs Instead of reindeer.
Tbis ls a most peculiar and isolated
little world. The inhabitants cling
tenaciously to their ancient customs
and national characteristics
,For this reason, therefore, the Russians along the Indigiirka are undoubtedly of immense interest to the
ethnographer. To begin with, It is
crulous how they ever got to the
banks of the Indlgirka, so remote are
they from the city of Yakutsk, the
center from which emanted tbe historical progress of the .Russian conquest and settlement of this territory
Apparently the first Russians had already reached the Indlgirka) ln the
sixteenth centuy, during the reign of
Ivan the Terrible, perhaps even before the conquest of Siberia by Yer-
There Is good reason for assuming
that these pioneers came by boat
from European Russia; over the Arctic'
den  tbe picture shows  to those  Under 16.   Nine dr|ys have passed since
the   only   infection   known to have
been ln Nelson.
Trail    raises   its    ban on picture
I . —*-*   .—mm* .»« .*—      UU      SSSUlUlt
....     At   Kusskoe   Ustye,   the   nearest  shows, public meetings and beer par
I r-.s-.lmv   -#   K.t_jii_.,-    _.   ..           . -*-■-•    ■"*•*
point of "civilization," are Ust-Yansk,
a village of about 30 dwellings, not
more thata 300 miles dn an airline to
the west, and ln the east, Nizhne-
Kolyman, with 25 houses, about the
same distance away.
None of the inhabitants of Russkoe
Ustye have ever gone beyond these
two points, nor have nny ever been to
Yakutsk. Names like Omsk and Mos-
sound to them like fairy tales. It
Is, therefore, not surprising that the
lore on Monday, as It wfill then be
ten days since the last new case,
though one of th„ previously reported cajses ended fatally last
Doubt is thrown today on the sup-
posedd infantile paralysis death at
Appledale, in the Slocan valley, but
as aj precautionary measure the district health ollicer has advised not
opening the school for another week.
Three new cases of infantile par-
RAND FORKS' annual fair
opened this (Thursday) afternoon. The official opening will
be held this evening, when the speakers will probably Include Hon. W. H.
Sutherland, provincial minister of
public works; D. McPherson, M.L.A.,
find the mayor of the city. The exhibits are quite up to those shown in
former years, and in many cases they
are superior to them.
_     „,..,,„  *.»*.            —.-   .**.*   ..   ssis-ssutn-e   par
real inhabitants of Russkoe Ustye are alysis have been reported in Ross
not very much above the sttlte of 'and since Fride|y, bringing the total
primitive savagery. , number up to ten, of which two have
In  appearance,  Russkoe  Ustye  is  been fatal.
nothing but a miserable cluster of a | 	
few snow-swept   wooden   huts   and
barns. In every direction, as fair as
the   eye   can Bee there is In winter,
snow, snow, snow. Here and there ls!
a clump of dwarfed shrubbery, burled
under tbe snow in tht winter. Amid
the monotonous landscape of tbe
wblte desert one distinguishes with
great difficulty the cottages, half hidden from sight by the snow piled up
agt-'inst them.
The settlement is especially dreary
during November and December.wben
the sun disappears altogether from
the horizon, and the dim twilight
called "daylight" lasts only two or
three hours. This is the most cheerless season of the year, amd the sad
howling ot the dogs in the darkness
seems almost unbearable to one unaccustomed to it
The winter nights are at times mag
nlflcent. In t he black velvet of tbe
sky the stars, which make their eip-
pearance about 3 o'clock in the afternoon and twinkle until 11 o'clock In
the mroning, blaze like diamonds!
Almost every night there is a most
brilliant northern Illumination.
Owing to the nearness of the sea,
the cold there registers rarely lower
than -50 degrees centigrade. But the
winter blizzards are frequent and terrible. They stifle a person, cut oil
tht 'breath, throw one off his feet
with lashing volleys of snow, and
make it impossible to see farther
iht-n five steps ahead.
The annual temperature at Russkoe
Ustye is lhe lowest ot all those places
wbere meteorological observations
bave been made; lt is also one of tbe
northernmost Inhabited suots on the
The winter lasts eight long months
from September till Map. The sura-
mlers are warmer tban one would expect the temperature in the sun registering up to 30 degrees centigrade
(86 degrees Fahrenheit), but It is
very rarely that a summer passes
without a snowstorm.
The flora Is of the scantiest, ln
summer the ground thefws to a depth
of only two teet; below tbat It Is forever frozen. Throughout this region
there are no forests. Not a single native of Russkoe Ustye bas ever seen
u tree growing; to them a common
flr tree ls as much of a curiosity bb a
tropical palm tree to a northern ptr-
The shrubs ot tbe willow extend
ten miles toward the sea and then
niule to an end (It is about 45 miles
from Russkoe Ustye to the Arctic
ocean). There, even grass ceases to
In summer, no matter where one
turns, one can psee nothing but
swamps. In spring and summer tbe
liidiglrke) brings on its currents fromj
tbe south large numbers of fallen
trees. These are eagerly picked ott
tbe banks by the natives, for this
driftwood makes it possible for them
to withstand the intense winter cold,
and they liktwise build their dwellings of it
NELSON,   September   7—As   a
precaution  against  possible  infantile   paratlysls   Infection   be-
in-,' brought to Nelson, the city medical health  officer, Dr. E. C. Arthur,
has   postponed   the   opening of thc I thought it would be of mair
REPORT sent out from Tacoma last week waB to the effect that the deal between the
Consoti dated Mining & Smelting
company and the Big Missouri Mining company of Tacoma had been
completed a|nd that the Consolidated
is now in control of the property.
Papers have gone east t o Montreal for the flnal signature by the
president of tbe Consolidated (Mining
& Smelting company.
A new Canadian com.pa'ny will be
organized to operate the property
and ln it the Consolidated Mining &
Smelting company will hold a 51 per
cent interest. Sha*reholders of the
Big MiisBouri Mining company or the
company itself will receive stock In
the new oompany to the equivalent
of a 49 per cent interest.
WWhether the Big Missouri Min
Ing company, which ils incorporated
in the state ot Washington, will continue as a holding company for the
49 per cent Interest or voluntarily
wind up ite affairs ls not known.
It is capitalized for $5,000,000 and
hals 2,200,000 shares outstanding.
The Big Missouri company holds
a bond on the Salmon River Valley
property from Dan and Andy Linde-
borg and associates of Hyder,
At one time the property was beld
by Sir Donald Mann and his interests, but a geologist's report having
stated that tbe tremendous surface
showings of ore were merely 4 lateral blanket and gave no promise of
depth, resulted in the bond being
dropped after considerable money
had been spent. ,
More recently, after a chepuered
career, the property was talken In
hand by Pat Daly,' wbo interested
Washington capital in its development
Deep work proved that values do
go down and thajt the Big Missouri
is not exactly a miBnomer.
The Consolldated's deal In this
respect Is different from any of Its
other deals In coast properties. It
had formerly bought Into existing
companies and supplied the wish for
their operation. Thia time It will
reorganize, create a Canadian company and iitpdle the property as a
Consolidated Mining & Smelting com
pany operation.
It holds the Oeorge Copper property In the Bear River area of the
Portland Canal district.
Some Time ago a man in Glasgow
was charged with stealing ai herring
barrel. After the charge had been
tbci prienpal accuser thus addressed
tbe  magistrate:
"Deed, Sir Bailie, the man alt the
bar is a great rogue; the stealing
of thel barretl is naethlng to some
of his tricks. He stole my signboard last week, and what does
your honor think he did wi't?"
"That would be ha|rd for me to
say," the magistrate replletl,
"Weel, sir, I'll tell ye,"   said    tbe
witness.   "He   brought   Into   my   ain
shop, wl' my aln name on't, and of-
fared    to   sell   me't,   as   he Raid he
use   to
schools for one week and has forbid ' me than to anybody else
ii A LL Christendom can visual-
_r\ ize the location of the recent
earthquake that shook Beth-
elhem, Jerusalem and Jericho in Palestine, but Transjordania, across the
Jordan river, is a new apd less famal-
Iar Arab state," says a bulletin from
the National Geographic society at
"Transjordajnia did not exist until
tbe League of Nations, about seven
years ago.declded to establish a state
east of the Jordan. Acorrespondent
who visited the new state ft 1923 described its creation a-s 'an act of the
Versailles pastrymakers, who, like so
many cooks, had some dough left
over after the molds were filled, and
this was one of the odd cookies.'
"Transjordania ls a) desert Shaped
like an ax head, with the blade pointing southward toward the Red sea,
the state lies on the northern fringe
of the Arablajn desert and includes
the eastern shore of the DDead sea.
But much of the region, particularly
that lying near the Jordan, is steppe
land, supporting some flocks and oc-
casiont.il crops.
"Many of the half million inhabitants are nomads who wander albout
the area, pitching their tents where
and tils they please. This accounts
for tht slow development of the rfe-
gion. Even the ruler, his highness,
the Emir Abdullah Ibu Hussein, is
virtually a desert prince and nomad
chieftain. Until recently he held his
'court,' not in a palatial palafpe, but
in a group of tents.
"Amman, Transjordania"s capital,
is ffbout a five-hour automobile ride
across the hot and dusty plains of
Jericho and through the sizzling valley of the Jordan river. Amman, under various names, has been the capital ot this alrea for age's. It was
called Rabbath Amman, chief city of
the Ammonites,almost from the days
of Lot, from whom the Ammonites
are said to have sprung, in the third
century Ptolemy Phila/delphus became the new lord and called the
capital Philadelphia, the city it
brotherly ove.
"No one visiting Transjordania today would suspect, uf. first glance,
that this land was once the center of
Greek and Roman prosperity. Greek
culture flourished in the Kast after
Alexander's eastern conquest and dur
ing the reign of Ptolemy I'hllaid.il-
phus. 'When Ptolemy took the reins
of government one of bis first acts
was to build a magnificent acropolis
at Amman.
"The main street of Amman winds
around a high bill upon which the
Greek citiylel onco stood. Hard by
aro tho ruins of a Roman theater and
the broken stone benches of a Roman amphitheater whioh probably
seated 7000 spectiflors.
"Abdullah has cleared away the debris from tho ruins. Now the columns and stones are frequently lined
with the village loungers and herds
of goats browse tpnong the ancient
foundations. Everywhere In T|-ans-
Jordania the mounted Arab Is seen
bearing his flowing native garb. His
bat is pei-haps the oldest form ot
hec|tlgear. It Is a large square piece
of cloth called the kaffeyeh. One who
is familiar with the coif can tell readily from what region the wearer
Ted—You owe mp five bucks.
Bill—That's all right. Make it six.
Ted—Nothing doing. I'm having a
hard enough    time trying to collect
the five.
"Lent*-," said little Mollie to her big
sister at breakfast, "did you tell
"Tell daddy what?"
"Why, you told Mr. Billings last
night, if ho kissed you again you'd
tell dad—and he did tt again-. I sarw
3te (Skmb f nrks iun
One Tear (in Canada and Ureal Britain) SI.OO
One Year (in the United States) ....;    1.50
^Addresr •-" ~- -cations to
/The Grand Fohk* Sun
Phonic 101 'ii:\sd Forks. H  C
| things.   This is a handicap to business, for our youths
| do not get tbe training they should have.   1 have never
employed women and never will."
AtCOW that possessed "a perfectly adjusted separator"
has been reported by a correspondent to the Sydney
Bulletin. "Sbe gave a lot of milk and her calves were
the fattest and biggest in the herd, hut (or household
purposes her milkwas useless," according to the correspondent. "The milk could be run through a separator
without a drop of cream appearing either in the dish or
in the interior of the machine. By no method of milking
could she be enticed to give any cream."
Notes • Notions • Notables
POLITICAL observers at Victoria continue to tsk themselves how the Conservative leaders are going to explain their party's overwhelming defeat ln New Westminster   in   the light of their recent confident declarations
that victory would be theirs.   The electors of the Royal
dty were told (by the Conservative Vuncouver Dally Pro"
nice tnat the chief issue in that cen I est was one of koou
government.   This journal    supported    that    Intimation
with a recital of Ihe many excellent measures which have
been placed on tbe statute books by tbe present provincial government, measures which have made for the comfort of tbe masses, measures which have put the finances
of tl^e province In a highly satisfactory condition.   The
electors of New Westminster accepted the suggestion of
this mainland dally and expressed their approval of the
government's   record   by elecing its candidate by a majority nearly three times as great as any majority ever
recorded in a provincial contest in that constituency.   It
wjbis a case of good government recognized.   By way of
comparisonn dt is interesting to review the votes cast ln
the  last  three  general  elections  in  New    Westminster
riding.   In 1916, the year in which the Liberal party so
overwhelmed the forces led by Mr. Bowser, David Whiteside was lected to the legislature with a majority of 183.
In 1820 he increased this to 362.   In 1924 Dr. Rothwell,
ln -\ four-cornered contest, polled 254 more votes than the
Conservattive.   In tliat election the    Provincial    party's
representative and the Labor candidate polled 1284 votes
between    then),    the Liberf|l 1564, and the Conservative
1310, the total number of ballots polled 'being just    one
less   than    the number polled last week.   The majority
which Mayjjr Gray rolled up on that occasion, it will be
recalled,  was  no  less  than  925.   Incidentally,  mainy  of
the    votes    whicli went to the Provincial party's candidate in 1924 were really from voters who then were hostile to the government.   The great gain the administration foi|3  made  in New   Westminster  therefore is quite
ONDERFUL discoveries are revealed by Dr. Rels
ner, the Egyptologist, ln U report on his discovery
in the pyramids of Ohiza of a 6000-year-old tomb. It is
that of Queen Hetepheres, mother of the Egyptian king
Cheops and wife of King Senefru, who reigned 2000 years
before King Tut-Ank-Alinieii was born. The framework
of tbe canopy of the sarcophagus, salys Dr. Relsner, is an
astonishing piece of construction.
Tie Spice of Life
'Let's   see,   you had a novel published last fall, didn't you?" said his
new acquaintance.
"Well, I thought it was a novtl,"
replied the author with bitter recollection of many sarcastic revtiews,
"but it turned out to be a guyed
Clarence—'Your suit looks rather
baggy. '
Edward—Yeah. Phyllis' father used
it for a punching bag last night.
' They say Jennie's engaged to an
"That's the current report."
Proved safe by millions and prescribed by physicians for
Colds     Headache      Neuritis        Lumbago
Pain       Neuralgia      Toothache     Rheumatism
THE MacLean government's recent triumph in New
vVestminster presents an interesting contrast with the
development which followed the succession of Mr. Bowser to the Conservative premiership on Sir Richard McBride's removal to the agent general's olliee in London.
At that time A, C. Flumerfelt and Charles E. Tisdall were
invited to join the new cabinet. The former was bably
beaten by H. C, (Brewster in Viotorla, antl the latter by
M. A. Macdonald in Vancouver. On the other hand,
Premier Ma-aLean's succession to the premiership is
marked by one of the most decisive victories ever recorded in a provincial /by-election.
POLITICAL commentators in Victoria and Vancouver
still are trying to discover how lt was that Mayor j
Gray defeated his lifelong friend, (.'ht j-les Welsh, by such
a large margin in the recent by-election in the New Westminster constituency. One of them puts it this way: <
"Very naturally Mr. 'Welsh was hantUcapped because his
party is Ujuking in policies. As an example, Dr. Tol-
mie's only contribution to the solution of the Pacific
Great Eastern problem*—inherited by the government
trom its Conservative predecessor in 1910—was the
promise that he would travel over the line and then announce his policy on this question. Yet it is nine
months since he Ibecaine the leader of the provincial Con-
servtjilive party—and the Pacific Great Eastern question
is one of the urgent problems before the people of this
province. Mr. Welsh surely oould not feel encouraged
by tbis form of assistance from his leader, antl it furnished an amazing commentary upon the plight of his
party. The votes polled by 'Mr. Gray show what the electors think about tlie government's record irind policies."
"This Is about as near Ihe correct diagnosis as it could
Is-e,'' a prominent Vancouver Conservative is reported tt,
have declared.
rpilIO musk-ox—scientifically, the ovibos—Is one ot the
■*■ Interesting animus of the Arctic region. It Is some-
th'lng like a cow and something like a sbeep, Ibut is not a
cross, though the name ovibos means a sheep-cow. It
seems to be a erlic of an animal that lived ln the Stone
i|ge,when the hairy rhinoceros and the mammoth were
common. It feeds on grass herbs, moss and the shoots of
•'•ees. Not only is its meat very good to eat and the
hide good for leather, but the wool from its coat ls softer
than cashmere and it has tbe advantage ovtr all other
wool that It will not shrink. One can smell the ovibos
when it is still a quarter oof a mile away, -.(nd this gives
it its popular name of musk-ox. But the musky smell
does not taint the meat if the butchering is carefully
T'HE sacred cow is one of the chief causes of friction
-I, between the Hindus and tbe Moslems in India. The
Hindus regard ber almost rfi dear as life1, whereas tbe
Mohammedans not only eat beef but also sacrifice cows
at their festival of Bakrid. {This disregard of Hindu sentiment often results ln riots. The cow ls the protector
of Indie) because lt, being an agricultural country, Is dependent upon the cow's progeny. She Is a most useful
animal in hundrtds of ways. Many of tbe functions performed in this country by gas, steam, and electricity are
perfored in India by oxen. Oxen plow the field, drajw
carts (passenger and freight), grind mortar, cement and
oil seed. Cow's milk, apart from its ordinaryuse, ls converted into curds, buttermilk and ghee, articles ot food
used daily In every Indian home. One does not adequately realize the vital importance of the cow until one
has been in India. In short, the cow is the grea't giver
and sustainer of life, and, in India, this entitles her.to
reverential treatment. Moreover, it ls a matter ot tremendous import£|nce that the cow be protected trom the
butcher's knife. How best can tbat be done? By regarding cow protection as a religious duty.
MELVIN R. GILMORE of the Museum of the American
Indian in New York says that the Indians resent having the words "squaw" and "papoose" applied to their
women and children. "The use of the terms 'buck,'
'squaw* and 'papoose' is not only anoffense against refined speech," according to Gilmore, "but those who use
such terms are thereby Incapacitated to fairly appreciate
the Indian, or anything of Indian culture. The psychological effect of the use of such terms ls to Inhibit the
mind o tone who uses them from estimating the Indians
In their proper human relationship. And I may Bay thtist
of all the wrongs and injustices suffered by the Indian
race, the native American race) none causes more bitter,
burning resentment, a|nd naturally bo, than this of de-
classin Indians from all human kind by the use of these
reprehensible and derogatory terms."
Dr. William Lyon Phelps, the
;rltic, tald at a Yale tea:
" Best sellers are always worthless.
A good book has never been a best
seller yet."
Doctor  Phelps smiled  and  added:
'I saw a young man reading a best
seller the other day.
"'Good?' I asked him.
"He answered with a frown:
"At Hull as Dell.'" ,
Mrs Rastus (interrupting hei* neigh
bor's meal)—Lor' bless you, chile.
Kin you be strong and bear up whilst
Ah tell you some pow'ful bad news
bout yo' husbcjnd's accident?
Mrs. Sambo—-Now what's dat nig-
gah gone an' done? Eft en dat no
'count shiftless, scum ot humanity is
gone an' got hisself killed you jes
wait ontwell Ah gets dis heah po'k
oboop finished an' Ah'll sh' you some
Accept only "Bayer" package
which contains proven directions.
Handy "Bayer" boxes of  18 tablets
Vlso bottles ot 24 and 100—Druggists*,
o Osnails) nf Btfcr ItannlMI-itt of Mora
Uc-rUii Acid, "A. S. A.")..   While It ta wsU
Aspirin to Uw trade tax,,
ac'dexter of Stiicy'i,-:,,-;,; [ \.  ,    _. _ _
that Aspirin swans Bayer ;.■■•■■• ,m. to assist the puhUc scalnst Imitations, th* Tahiti
ot Barer Company will Ui soiled wltb their central trade mark, the) "Barer Ones.
A ?
■t* ti
STHiL, or Btills, somewhere in the woods near his
'rat, has almost ruined the once line apiary of William Harper at Gallipolis, Ohio. His bees fly out mornings for their usual round of honey gathering, and many
of them return to the hlvo staggering drunk, llurpei
wouldn't mind an occasional! spree on the part of the
Workers, but the stay-til-home boos won't stand for It.
Thoy set upon the Inebriates antl kill them. Ills hives
fast being emptied, Harper has appealed to prohibition
ollicers lo seek out the still theft he believes is furnishing the intoxicant. He says the bent- probulbly feed upon
mash left exposed by a nioonshliio plant.
r*p WENTY-FIVK toes and eighteen fingers wero in possession of ti three-year-old colored baby who was
registered at Ilie orthopedic clinic i.| the city health department at Charlotte, Nortli Carolina, The child, Betty
Burton, daughter, of U. M. Burton of Cornelius, was
brought to tbe clinic by her mother, who was informed
by the attending surgeon thut the siipertpuntlaiice of lingers and toes could easily die removed and the child
made normal. The hands and feet of the little pickaninny were fearfully cluttered with the extn' protuberances. 'The legs were small antl weak, and the mother
said the child could not walk alone.
THE tiger snake of Australia is the most deadly poisonous of all snakes, sttys the Sydney Bulletin. (Scientific
tests have shown that, compared with the Indian cobra,
the deadly properties of lhe tiger snake's poison are,
having rej-Jrd for weight and size, as five to three, and
with the American rattlesnakt as four to three. The
tiger snake's venom is slower in action than that of either
of the other two. The death £|dder's poison is swifter
than any of them.
SIR AIBE BAILEY, one of South Africa's multi-million-
aires,<ttributes much of Ills success to the fact that he
has never employed women to conduct any of his business. "I object to women in business," said he. "They
vtork for lower pay. thus shutting men out of positions
ln    which    the    latter    would    be developed for better
SINCE the customary unit of wood measurement—
cord, log measure or lumber scale—do not represent
in exact quantity, the cubic foot solid wood is used.
nlven this unit is varlajble as to pulp yield according to
he character of tbe wood as to species and rate of
growth. However, taking the dry weight of spruce as
14 pounds per cubic toot, ithe commercial yield of 100
cubic feet would be about 2300 pounds of mechanical pulp
and of sulphite pulp 1030 pounds. Commerclaflly, newsprint ls made from a mixture of 75 per cent mechanical
ind 25 per cent sulphite. Consequently, a ton of newsprint would contain 1500 pounds mechanical and 500
pounds sulphite. Then 1500 pounds mechanical would
require 66.2 cubic feet wood;500 pounds sulphite would
require 48.5 cubic feet wood; one ton newsprint would
require 113.7 cubic feat or 2728.8 pounds oven-dry spruce
A golfer was prifjticing mashie
shots in his garden.
"It Isn't too easy," be explained to
a friend. "I've to make a lot of trouble to get the shot just right.
With that he put down another ball
and addressed it carefully. There
wajs a crash, and the dining room win
dow was krecked.
' You took considerable panes with
that one," remarked the friend.
"How dare you throw stones at my
little dog?" shrieked the ancient spinster to a coal man.
"The brute bit me, that's why."
'How  many  times?"  Inquired  the
owner, fondling her pet.
,"Once, afnd that's enough, ain't it?"
"Yes—but I saw you throw at him
twice, you   ruffian," said the woman.
"Ah,"g rinned the coal man, "once
bitten, twice shy, you know."
Amplications far i.n i.c-li;ite ruin;}.--*-- u
and Acreage owned by the City, wlthi
Municipality, are invited.
Prices:—*From $2.i.0«i per lot upwards.
Tcrmsi—-Cash am! approved payment!*.
List  of Lots and   prices*  may   be -seen •
C ty': Oflice.
JOHN   »    IV
City '■■"■'
"Here's dat fi' bucks I owe ya,
Spike," volunteered Second Storey
"Tanks, Steve, but dere was no
hurry," replied his friend.
"Nah, Ibut It's like dis. I gotta ei
dangerous Job on tonight. I gotta
contrack to bump off a bloke, an' I
wanta go inta de job wit' a clear conscience."
Poems From Eastern Lands
'Twi ,s said of old, and still the ages say,
"The lover's path Is full of doubt and woo,"
Of mo they spake: I know not, nor can know,
If itht; I sigh for will my love repay.
My heart snksl on my breast; with bitter strife
My heart Is torn, and grief she cannot see.
All unavailing is this agony
To help the love thalt has become my lite.
c/4ncient History*
J. W. Honsberger estimates that he will ship eight carloads of Italian prunes this fall.
The Boundary Iron Works is at present working a full
force of men, and some huge castings are being turned
out for tbe Trajil and Boundary Falls smelters.
Sometimes the informality
of the spoken word
is more effective
than a lettei.
During the present summer there has been sufficient
rainfall in the Kettle River valley to grow every conceivable Mnd of crops. In fact, during the past two weeks
the rains have done more damage than good, ap the grain
larvesting has been considerably retarded by them.
In order to increaso his quarters, R. C. McCutcheon, the
cabinetmaker, has moved his shop to the building on
First street recently vacated by J. K. Johnson.
iShe was sending off a) wedding
present, a silver 'butterdish.
.'"What shall I write on the card,
John?" she asked.
"Oh, just the usual dope, I suppose',' said her husband. "Anything
you like."
A few minutes spent in thought
and she handed htm the card. In
neatly rounded letters he rend the
words:   "For ibutter— or for worse."
A Quaker wt.|s once passing a Quaker meetlnghouce In the country
when suddenly he felt an Impulse to
go In and preach, although there was
no audience. He acted according to
his Impulse, preached a short sermon
and then left the building.
Some years ijftor, while in London,
he was accosted by a man who said
to him, "Sir, you saved my life."
Astonished at such a remark, he
said, "What do you mean? I do not
know you."
"Well," sajd the man, "I was passing a certain meetinghouse one day
and; hearing a voice, I listened out-
Bide the window." And then he added in a low voice, "I was an ex-convict and ln despair, but your words
saved me."
Teacher—'Robert, did you find out
the remainder of the proverb beginning, "Man proposes—," as I told
Bobby—Yes'm. I asked sister and
she said lit was: "'Man proposes, but
he needs a lot ot encouragement."
"Why the gloom now?"
"My daughter wants to be an
Apache dancer."
"Cheer up. She might elect to be
a bandit queen."
British  Columbia Telephone
THE SUN prints all ihe local news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   J 1.00 per year
Jllllll'iln.t.niidUa^^liiitiiMln^lnliyUtHltiliHiilnlllilliHll, THE SUN: GBAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
The Forgotten Island of Romance
l-TheSattlnatntatTrletaiidaCunha.     J-Theonlyacceeatotheasjei.     J-Canadlan Pacific Empreaa of Francs-.
4—The Island's means of Transportation.
Interest on both sides of the Atlantic
has recently been arojsed by the
gracious solicitude of their Majesties
King George and Queen Mary of
England tor the welfare and comfort
of the least-known ud loneliest island
colony in the world.
Romance blows with the wind
from every solitary island; and the
romance of Tristan da Cunha is its
grandeur of isolation, the struggle for
existence of the few inhabitants of
iU rock-bound shores and the experiences of a sailor who left
u a heritage to the island the
belief that somewhere amid the rocks
ii to be found a wealtn of pirate
treasure. The island is distant from
its nearest neighbor, St. Helena-
Isle of Napoleonic memories—, by
1600 miles and is far from the path
of ships, rarely indeed receiving a
vwt from the great and busy world
beyond the horizon; a world which,
marching along the highway of progress, has all but forgotten this out-
pert of civilisation in the desert of the
south Atlantic Ocean.
In 1814, during the war with Great
Britain, an English garrison occupied
this strategic island. There they
found three Americans one of whom,
Jonathan Lambert, "of Salem, a
citizen and mariner thereof", is
reputed to have sailed the seas as a
buccaneer. As a pirate he ran untrue
to form somehow escaping the yard
arm and public hangings that nave
beta their traditional fate. The story
gow that he came to Tristan in order
to hoard, in a secret place, the booty
•f many a rich prize, seized and
plundered on the roaring Spanish
Thus the place is invested with the
magic spell of a Treasure Island, and,
to this day, the islanders believe that
within its bounds is to be found a
rich hoard of doubloons, moidores,
pieces of eight or louis d'or. Whether
this be true or not. Lambert, when
found by the English, was engaged in
the peaceful occupation of preparing
the skins and oil of seals, with which
the shores abounded. These were
exchanged for provisions with any
passing ships; and the trade appears
to have been so lucrative, that Lambert was encouraged to issue a proclamation, inviting all the world to
trade with the island. Of it Lambert
declared himself the sovereign lord,
"grounding" as he is claimed to have
said, "my right and claim on the
rational and sure ground of absolute
The continuous occupation of Tristan da Cunha began, however, in
1817 w%en, on the withdrawal of the
garrison, William Glass, of Kelso,
a corporal in the Royal Artillery, waa,
at his own request left on the island
with his wife and two soldiers who
had been induced to join them. The
real discoverer of the island was a
Portuguese navigator whose name
the island bears. This was ln the year
From the tiny settlement founded
by Glass, which was increased from
time to time by shipwrecked mariners
and a few settlers from Cape Town,
and diminish'*-.' attain by the exodus
of the more restless ones among them,
the present colony of 140 souls hat.
The people are self-governing and
self-supporting. The men are daring
sea-men and clever carpenters and
masons; but there is a touch of the
primitive about the picturesque
bullock-carts, and the cottages built
of huge blocks of stone.
Physically the island is entirely of
volcanic formation. High cliffs circle
the lonely spot and are pierced with
ravines, the walls rising like ramparts
from the sea, to a height in many
places of over 1000 feet high. They
are topped by a central cone that
stands out amid the surrounding
cliffs at a height of 7640 feet, snowcapped and symmetrical as the Peak
of Teneriffe. Here, in tbe largest
crater, is a fresh-water lake, winch,
ft ia said, is never frozen. On the
northwest of the island is the sole
access to the sea — a narrow plateau
where is the only settlement.
t The social life of the community is
limited and.the monotonous existence
of the inhabitants has resulted In
some of the colony drifting off beyond
the horizon on some chance merchantman. The island, however, will soon
experience tne joys of radio for early
in 1928 the Canadian Pacific liner
Empress ot France on its first African-
American cruise will stop near this
island enroute to Cape Town, when
a powerful set and many other gifts
from American and Canadian passengers will beiandedbyaraft, forthe
use and comfort ot the islanders   '
French River Home of the Fighting " Muskie "
(A fbWAQfc
Tne apple crop this year will run
to 1 250 000 barrels, according to W.
H. Chasse of Wolfville, or a fifty
percent increase over last year,
while the crop of tbe Eastern Statea
is reported only half that of laet
"Woaldes" are so plentiful at
ITI French River, Ontario, according to J. G. Strathdee. who runs the
Frenchs, River Bungalow Camp at
thia OaMrio resort, that he and his
motheiti while pas-Idling down the
River, Mit the golf course, struck a
muscalunge at least four feet long
which was sunning' itself near the
surface of the water. The muskie,
whicn was as surprised as tbe canoists,
leaped several feet out of the water,
than vanished from view.
French River station is on the
Canadian Pacific Railway, 216 miles
north of Toronto, 60 miles north of
Parry Sound, and 46 miles south of
Sudbury, The Bungalow Camp is
attractively situated on an elevation
commanding a magnificent view of
the main channel of the French River
and within 200 yards oi the station.
In addition to the Bungalow Camp,
an outlying sub-camp is situated at
Pine Rapids, at the head of Eighteen
Mile Island, inthe heart of the best
fishing waters of the upper French
It has as an adjunct Pine Rapids
Camp, which is 25 miles up the river.
These two camps accommodate
ninety people, ahd there are.plenty
of fish—muscalunge, Great Northern
pike, pickerel, and small and' large
mouth black bass. There are thirty
well built and comfortable bungalows
at the main camp, while Pine Rapids
has canvas houses built on wooden
floors. French River is 216 miles
North of Toronto.
Here is a tale told by Mr. Strathdee, about a "muskie" with, a toothache. In August, this big iresh water
tiger needs a fish dentist. Last year
a visitor to French River hooked a
80-pounder which immediately dropped to the bottom of the river and
sulked. The knowing Indian guide
tapped the rod with his knife; the
vibrations went through tne pole,
down the line to the mouth of the
''muskie", and irritated one oi ita
spre teeth. The muskie then leaped
clear of the water, and proceeded to
give the fisherman a fierce fight lasting three-quarters of an hour!
The muscalunge at French River
run from 10 to 45 pounds, ana one
was caught in this well-known angling resort which weighed 66 lbs.
The Department of Lands and
Forest? of the Province of Quebec
hare planted 1,000,000 trees this
year—a record figure and nearly
double that of last year. Next
summer it is proposed to plant
3,000,000 trees.
Canada's net debt decreased by
$52,498,429 during the first four
months of the fiscal year. It now
stands at $2,295,335,940. During
the corresponding period of last
fiscal year there was a decrease ef
$41,251,655. Both revenues and
expenditures show increases.
Tourist travel this season is ia
excess of previous years and is even
more cosmopolitan in its derivations
than formerly, according to C, E. E.
Ussher, general passenger traffic
manager of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, back from a. tour ef in*
spection of the company's interests
at Banff, Lake Louise and ethei
favored tourist spots.
E. J. Chambers, President and
General Manager of the Associated
Fruit Growers of British Columbia,
states that British Columbia apples
are now being sent to South Africa,
China, Sweden, Norway, Germany
and Denmark, as well as Great
Britain, the heaviest market. New
York and Chicago are big consumers
of two varieties, the Mcintosh Red
and Delicious, respectively.
A further party of 40 students
representing many colleges in ths
British Isles arrived on the Canadian Pacific steamship Montrose
and proceeded to the harvest field
ef Western Canada in the care of
the C.P.R. Department ef Colonization and Development. They will
be placed upon farms in Saskatchewan for the duration of the harvest by the British Women's Immigration League.
Construction of the first commercial fish hatchery in Alberta will be
started in September, announces R.
T. Rodd, Dominion Fisheries Inspector. It will be located at the
mouth of Canyon Creek, on the
south shore of Lesser Slave Lake.
It is estimated that 100,000,000
whitefish will be propagated at
the hatchery every year to maintain
an undiminished supply of fish for
the many companies operating ln
the lake.
So great is the interest which is
being evidenced in the Scottish
musk- festival organized as part ot
the Highland Gathering for Banff,
September 3-5 that the Canadian
Pacific Ra'Iway has arranged with
the Alberta Government telephones
to install the amplifiers of the public
address system that were used at
the Diamond Jubilee broadcast, so
that the evening concerts will be
heard not only in the ballroom of
the Banff Springs Hotel, but also in
the lounges and in the open air on
the terrace.
General industrial transportation
and agricultural outlook (from reports reaching him from sll parts
of Canada) is excellent and will
continue to improve as the market
for Canadian products widens, ssid
E. W. Beatty, K.C, chairman and
president of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, recently at Calgary. "An
important factor in the latter will
be a steadily increasing population,"
he said. "The transportation companies, of course, only reflect ths
general conditions of tthe country,
and compared with last year, their
gross earnings are higher, but increased costs beyond their control
bave resulted in lower net earnings."
through solid objects. And yet
scientists have accused the bee of
being color blind.
If it could be proved definitely that
bees have a partially for certain colors, lt would tend to increase the
supply of honey. For instance, lf a
bee showed distinct preference for
yellow the apiarist would provide
hunting grounds of yellow flowers,
such as daffodils, and the bees would
be saved time looking for the next
best color.
Prof. Frisch has conducted searching experiments to ascertain if bees
are indeed color blind and, as a result of these tests, has come to the
conclusion that tbey are particularly attracted by blue and yellow.
He has also Investigated the question of a bee's eens0 of smell. To
try and solve the mystery the professor built an glass hive and marked
certain of the bees that Inhabited lt.
The result was interesting. Eevery
time a marked bee returned from a
trip to flowers, it reformed a sort of
weird dance while others crowded
around it Tben one by one tbe
spectators bew away, straight to the
patch of flowers the marked bee had
come from.
It   was   obvious that the traveller
had communicated the whereabouts
of those flowers in some way. But
how had lt been done
Tbe professor's theory is that a
bee emits a trail of scent from a tiny
gland and that otber bees can smell
lt and follow it.
It is, of course, very interesting to
know all tbis, but many may ask
why such trouble should be taken
over a bee. The answer is: "Many
For the bees are responsible for
tbe matchirtaking of thousands of
flowers, trees, and vegetables. Tbey
carry the pollen from plant to plant,
thus keeping up vegetable life. If
they suddenly went on strike, vegetation would be vastly reduced, and
man would be distinctly up against
First Broker—Flip a dime to Bee
who puts up the 15000 in this deal.
Second Bdoker—All right; only 1
am going to flip a penny—I might
losit the dime.
She—You'll not dictate to any flapper stenographer.
He—Za* so?   I'll take no dictation
The Bee Has
Many Eyes
Have you ever looked a bee In the
eye It isn t easy, for a bee has Ave,
of which the two largest are at tbo
sides of the head, while the remaining tbreo are grouped in a triangle In
the center of Its forehead.
f If you had a bee's eyes you would
see thousands ot Images of whatever
i you  looked  at!    For  a queen bee's
' two largest eyes have 14,000 or so
tiny lenses, while those of the ordl
1 nary    bee are made up some 40,000
1 equally efficient lenses.
| It is difficult for us to imagine how
things look to a bee, but entomolo-
' gists believe that these multiple eyes
furnish a bee with a tar clearer
vision than ls possessed by human
beings.   In any case the usual pow
' er of such eyes must be amazing.
|    The bee is famous for two things
' —his    industriousness    and   his re-
' markable ability to And his way
about. 'Watch one leaving the hive
He will rise straight up, circle round
once or twice, and then fly straight
—in a "bee' line"—to his hunting
ground miles away.
The question that is now puzzling
scientists is how does he do it? It
is almost certain that bees leave
scent trails behind them which guide
other bees. But does not their sight,
too, help them very considerably?
1 Prof. Karl Frisch, who has niado
an intensive study of bees, is convinced they have a kind of X-ray
vision   which   enagles them to seo
People take The* Sun
because they ||believe
it is worth the price we
charge)) for it. It is
§£ ^therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents, including
advertisn ents. This
is not always the case
Mifh newspapers that
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
Advertising "to help
the editor.".-But we do
want businessadver Using by progressive business men who, know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If you have something to offer the public that will ubenefit
them and you as well,
the newspaper reaches
more people than a bill
and if you have the
goods you c:»n do business with them THE SUN: GBAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
Hon. W. H. Suthertand, provinciail
mtinister of public works, arrived ln
the city yesterday and, in company
with D. McPherson, local member,
and General Foreman Donaldson, is
Inspecting the public work being
carried on 'in the district.
John Charles Tonks, new principal
ot the Grand Forks high school, has
moved into M. J. Harrigan's residence on Observation uveuue.
Mrs. John McKie and family left
this week for Vancouver, where two
of the children will attend hi-'h
The public and high schools in this
city opened on Tuesday morning with
a normal enrolment.
Air mail service between Winnipeg and Fargo, North Dakota, has
Been inaugurated and the first mail
for Winnipeg from the United
States arrived recently.
The potato acreage along the
Dominion Atlantic Railway line is
larger than last year and a 40 per
cent, crop increase is looked for.
There will likely be 175,000 barrels
available for export, as compared
with 132,000 last year.
Miss M. W. Robson, of the Nelson
high school atiipt, is expected over
again this week-end to vUsit her
mother, who is a patient in the Grand
Forks hospital as a result of an auto
accident ten miles west of here hint
The Grand Forks basoball team defeated Trail on Sunday afternoon at
the West end grounds :by a' score of
8 to 4.
Parties arriving in the city yesterday say that snow fell on the summit between Cascade and 'Hossland
on Wednesday night.
The funeral of the lute Jessie Xe-
11a Lavender, an aged li'dy of Cascade, was held from Cooper's undertaking parlors ln tbls city on Wes-
nesday afternoon, interment being
made in Evergreen cemetery.
Mr. and Mrs. John Ross left for
the coast on Monday for a two-weeks'
jFred Cooper, of    Seattle, is visiting Wis mother, Mrs, F. E. Cooper.
I. Waldron and Ray Brown kllltd
the first bear of the setlson on a
i ountala near the city last Saturday. It is reported to have been
bigger than both of its victors combined.
Charles Sandner and frimjly, from
the head of Christina lake, are moving Into Mrs. John McKie's house iu
the West end.
Mrs. W. riant and dauRhter have
returned from f| couple of months'
vacation spent on th,, prairies.
The quantity of ore handled by
the Consolidated Mining & Smelting
company at its Trail smelter and its
concentrating mill is showing a| substantial increase over last year, although lower metal prices are offsetting the goto to a considerable
extent in dollars and cents results..
There are now 107 properties shipping ore to the smelter from British
Columlbia and eltdit from the United
States. The Consolidated Mining &
Smelting company ls produolng 10
per cent of the world's supply of lead
t4nd zinc.
Diner—What's the matter with the
coffee?   It looks like mud.
Waiter—Well, Bir, it was ground
this morning.
British Columbia's farms produced $71,302,209 last year; breaking
all records and gaining $6,208,696
over the previous year, according to
the final figures of the Provincial
Statistician, G. H. Stewart Lumbering leads with agriculture second.
A new world record is set—SOO
white Leghorn baby chicks arrived
from the University of British
Columbia at Ottawa through the
Canadian Pacific Express Company,
safe, sound, and hungry, all of
them. None had feed or water on
their 3,000 mile journey and none
died or suffered.
A Barred Plymouth Rock, owned
by the University of Saskatchewan,
has established a new record for the
three Prairie Provinces, laying her
300th egg in her pullet year of
which there is still a month to go.
The world's record for trap-nested
production is held by No. 6, an
Agassiz, B.C. pullet, which laid 351
eggs in 364 days. ,
Members of the newly-appointed
Saint John Board of Harbor Commissioners, headed by Hon. W. E.
Foster, recently concluded a conference with Canadian Pacific officials
of Montreal in connection with the
proposed improvements in the grain
shipping facilities of the port. The
chief object of the new commission,
according to Mr. Foster, is the creating of a national idea of an All-
Canadian trade route through the
Port of Saint John.
Scots in Canada are looking forward with keen interest to the
coming Highland Gathering and
Festival of Scottish music to be held
at Banff September 3 to 5, the activities taking plat on the grounds
adjoining the Banff Springs Hotel.
Through the generosity of the Canadian Pacific Railway officials this
festival has been r ad-> possible and
is along the line t.'vS fie Canadian
Folk Song Festival held at the
Chateau Frontenac. Quebec, in May
which was voted such an outstanding success.
The United Stati s' interest in the
development of the locomotive in
Canada is seen in a request by the
Baltimore and Ofc:> Railway to the
Canadian Pacific .'ailway to send
one of its latest pa sender types of
engine to the centenary exhibit of
locomotives, white will open at
Baltimore on Sept mber 24th. The
Canadian Pacific has arranged to
supply one of its Intent types of the
"2300" class locoi .Hives, complete
with, crew, for the occasion. This
is the company's fastest and most
powerful passenger locomotive.
One of the stra :;est attempts at
taking a census it now being made
by Andrew Widsd n of Bella Coola,
B.C., according tt; information received here. At the request of
Harlan I. Smith of the National
Museum of Canadu Mr. Widsden is
taking a census of thc grizzly bear
population of son-.' eleven valleys
along the fiords v. i ch are included
in the "Norway of America" traversed on the s: .imship journey
between Prince 1 ipert and Vancouver. The co:...t line between
these two ports is a noted big game
hunting, ipot aud attracts f many
grizzly hunters ei, h year tsom all
sections of the comment as well as
Vo*n other parts o: lh-j world,
A BAD automobile accident occurred on the Doukhobor hill
last Friday evening, as a result of which Mrs. M. Robson, of
Vancouver is now dn the Grand Forks
hospital with a number of broken
Mrs. Robson and her two daughters, Misses Annie and M. W. Robson, were dring from Vancouver to
Nelson, where the latter daughter is
;> teacher on the high school staff.
Miss Annie was driving the car. In
passing a team dniven toy D. Cooper
of Cascade the carr went too close
to the edge of the road, and 4t went
overbite bank, maiklng several somersaults in rolling down a 150-foot declivity. The car was completely
wrecked, but only Mrs. Robson was
serious Injured. 'She ls reported to
be recovering as rapidly as possible.
A woman entered a Paris hospital the other day to inquire about a
patient whom she believed had died.
Assuming the visitor to be a relative
of the pajtient, the head nurse was
happy to be able to inform her that
sick-man was convalescent
"Ob," exclaimed the woman without registering any particular pleasure.   "You say he ls better?"
"Much better, yes. You afe a relative?"
"A relative! Not at all, mtadame.
The concierge where your patient
lives promised me his apartment.'
Nothing jars a man like being compelled to love by contract.
~**f OU can't bounce a snowball,
X Files should stay single. And
a rubber tire won't dance up
and down on a nail or a broken hot-
tie. Hence, the man who stretches
his rubber knows a thing or two when
it comes to rolling up mileage. He
knows thalt:
Cutting of tires is most rapid when
roads   are   wet. - Try cutting a dry
piece of rubber   with   a dry   knife.
Wet both and try    again.   Crushed
stone,    sharp   curbs, worn edges of
' street   car   rails,   edges of holes ln
j concrete paving, do enough mischief
j when   dry,   but when everything is
wet they cut several times ajs deeply.
! Similarly those bent naills that some
{thoughtless citizen threw oot Into the
i street   with   the ashes from his furnace will penetrate a wet tire more
easily   and   deeply.   If   a   cut goes
through to the cotton fabric or cords,
It is best to have it repaired, or dirt
and moisture will work in.
Light and heat cause rapid deterioration. Spare tires carried
should always have opaque covers.
Extra casings and tubes are best
stored In a dark, cool cellar or closet
When a car must be parked in the
sunshine for several hours, a canvas
Hunting Army to Invade North Woods
The enormous increase in the sport
of deer hunting has resulted not in
the vanishing of the deer but in the
increase of deer. This is not as
mysterious as it sounds. The more
men penetrate the wilds the fewer
wolves remain. The driving out of
wplves has been the greatest factor
in the increase of deer. But there is
another fat-tor almost as important
as the wolves. The invasion of the
backwoods by an army of enlightened
sportsmen has demanded a much
Gtricter and more sporting regard for
game laws than was the custom some
years ago. Destroyers of deer whether
human or animal, have to deal with
a strong and more or less organized
pulilic opinion.
Good Hunting News
Hea-Muring neus has been coming
"in daily to the offices nf the general
tourist department of the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company from operators of camps, guides outfitters antl
others who report that all signs point
to an unusually promising hunting
liouson for the current year.
Mike Bates sent'
bis camps at M
that if the hunters,
and moose this s
nothing to blanv.
shooting. He sa;
very plentiful ane
a great year in eve
From Schreiber (
Handel, outfitter i
the reports are j
Handel reports tl
increased in the !-.
n down word from
tagama, Ontario,
lon't get their deer
ason they'll have
i but their poor
a that moose are
expects it to be
y way.
ntario where John
as been operating
st as reassuring,
at the game has
iperior Game Re-
serve, south of the C.P.R. line and the
surplus has crossed to the north of
the tracks offering good hunting. He
says that cariboo: are roaming the
woods in increased numbers, and as
the C.P.R. line is the north boundary
of the game pres :rve hunters don't
have to go very far for their quarry.
The news from Sheehan's camp at
Lake Penage south west of Sudbury
is also music to the hunters ears.
Deer here are reported to be very
plentiful and sport should be excellent.
Reports turned in by guides of the
Ogilvle Bros Camps on the Tobique
River, N.B. are to the effect that
deer, though very plentiful last
season, show signs of much greater
increase. The same word comes irom
A. D. Thomas, at South Milford in
the Kedgemakooge district.
Lining Sights.
Should you follow the deer with
your sights or set your se-Mn ahead
of the deer and let him come on th-.u*.'!
Well, tbo army training which men
got overseas taught them to consider
the second system the better. Lewis
gunners firing on moving targets v ere
taught to throw a burst ahead cf the
mark, to see where it struck, and
then let the target move onto the
line of fire. Trying to follow a jump
ing deer in all its excited movement
is narder, probably, than tr\ing to
guess a spot tbat the deer will pasa—
say an opening in the brush on which
to have time to lay your sights sharp
and true. For casual shooters to get
a little practice with their rifles a
method of letting the deer run on
sights already set is regarded as the
most successful.
or piece of burlap thrown over each
tire will do its 'bit to lengthen the
tire's useful life.
Don't rim-cut that 'down" tire by
running it to a) "tree air" station;
someone might suspect you were too
lazy to use the hand pump.
Don't run over all the ash piles,
broken bottles, nally boards, and
other rubbish you can find; even a
harmless appearing paper bajg may
have a brick in it
Don't park ln that puddle of oil;
ooil eats rubber.
Don't use .the curb as a break; it
may breajk a casing.
Road friction Is responsible for
more tire wear than any other one
cause. Of course ire must expect
some wear lf we are to use our cars
at all, blut a great de**-! of wear now
taken as a matter of course might
easily 'be avoided by a little thought,
care and pa|tlence. One severe application of the brakes may easily
take off more rubber than would wear
off ln a thousand miles of normal run
ning. Likewise racing the engine
.-jnd dropping ln the clutch suddenly
to spin the drive wheels for a "smart"
start means a lot of rubber left on
the pavement.
Get Your
at the
Phone 25
"Service and Quality"
OEALKD TKNDEBS endorsed (•) "Tender!
>3 tar Hock t'reek Bridge," (h) --Tcnrtar (or
Cascade ''.ridge', will bit received br the I
Minister ot I'tllille Works up to noon of Mon*
.liy, the 121 siiliiy ol September, 1827.
I'luns, sppi itii-ations, coutrao , and forms of
ti mier may be seen on ,mil utter tlie Hid tiny
otSoptember.lftn.atthe Depart ment of I'nbllc
Works, Parliament Hnil'Hngs, nud at tlte follow ing offices: Distil't Engineer, l-esitlctuu,
11. C. and General foreman, tourt-hoiine.
Col>t, s nl plans,sped -'nations, etc., for eaeh
of the above two bridges cau be obtained from
:iii>- ot tha above named on payment of a
deposit of ten dollars (llll), whieh will be re-
fnmleil nn return of-she plana, ete., in good
Kaoh tender must be accompanied by an ac.
cepted lunik cheque on a cbartcsed bank of
Ci iinilt,.. ado payable to the Minister of Pub*
lie. Works, In the sum of (a) Six bundled dollars (WOO) and(b) 'twelve hundred dillaia
($I-H«.), wMch sball be forfeited If tbe party
te"s|. ring decline lo enter lnt,» contract when
cal e<l upon to do so The cheque "f the am-
cesslul tenderer ss ill be retained aa sorority
forthe due and tiithful performasire ofthe
work till tbe satisfactory completion of the
cont art.
Tenders will not be considered unless n-stle
ol.t on the forms supplied, s*s*! ad with tbe
actual -i nature of the tenderer, and en-
cl< veil In the env-lope furnished.
Tht- lowest ur auy under not nece.sarily
Deputy Minister and
Pillule Works Kiigluear.
Oeniirtment of Public Works,
Parllamei t Buildings.
Victoria, B. C ,
August slst. l»il.
E.G. Henniger Go.
Grain, Uuy
Flour untl Feed
Lime and Salt
Cement and Plaster
Poultry Supplies
Grand Forks, 11. C.
YOTlCl'ISIIKltl-YtilVKNilsat Ihe reserve
-> covering Lots ttlOHs, 80117., 8008. and
ilttr.lt, Hlmllkameeii Division of Vnle District,
is cancelled.
Department uf Lam
Victoria, ft 0„
Mill July, ins
Deputy Minister of Lands;
Phone 30
Try our Special Tea
at 65c per Ib
Shoes, Shirts, Overalls
GoodJ values for your
Call and see jus before
General Merchant
Transfer Co.
City Baggage and Genera)
Coal,  Wood and   Ice
for Sale
Offloe at R. F. Petrie'i Store
Pliose 64
'■Mil. value of well-
-*■ pri.itvd, nciit appearing stationery as
a means of getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
Wedding invitations
Bail programs
stilish MS cards
Vi     ng cards
Sh'    ing tags
Price lists
Nev   Type
Latest Style
Columbia A-renue and
laka Sfaraat
PalaceBarber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty"
P. A. Z. PARE. Proorie»or
"^Vacant, nnrcerved, snrvi-y.-il Uuwii 'amis
ii ay ba pni-einptesl by Hric! t, subj^i-t, o"et
18 years of ant-, is'i'l ls> alien o« ,lc--„si-in. '
luii'siilou tis become lliitish Mibjeeu, u.i,i.,j
tloiiat upon re.i '.ci:"" occupation anil Improvement for furrlculiaral purpose*
full liifoi'iiMtliii coutertiini re 'illations
regarding pre etniitluus is riven lu Bulletin
No. 1, Lau I Sai-tes. "liow to Pre-empt Laii'l."
copiers.' which can be obtained freo of clmrge
by addressing ***•* Uepartiueui of Lands,
Victoria, B.C.. orauy tiovoriiincul Agent.
Rpcords will be made enuring ouly laud
suitable fur *m, Icuiturai pu *t't*pu, and whicb
la not tiuiberiaud. 1 e„ ejrrviisg over 5,Uuv
Hoard feet tier aore west ul tne i-oest Itatige
and 8 "JOU fuel per aure tast uf that rausrn
^Applications fur ii'c-emptluns are to be
addressed tu she Laud Commissioner ol sale
Laud Kecurdiug Uivn>lun. In which the laud
applied ior Is situated.and ure ma'le us,
printed forms, o,pit's ol tun be obtained
from the Li.ul Cuiiunisslo-tor.,
Pre-eiuptiuu-t miHl be occupied for tire
ycarsa.id t.utii-uvoin^nti iitado iu value uf Hit
per aere, inclu liiiLfoluiiriiii and otiltiveiiiia*
at least hve auras, before a Crown Uraut eau
be received. *
For more detuned niiurinaiioii seethe Bnl*
latin "How to Pre-empt Laud."
Application-tarn received fur purchase of
vacant and unreserved Crowu Lauds, uot being; tiniiierlaud, for agricultural purposes;
mialoauni prloe of Ur.t-olass (arable* land Is
16 per acre, sud seenud-ciass (grualnf) land
fl.su per aore. Kur.lier Information lagard-
issg purchase or leuse s.f Crown lunds Is given
lu llulleliii Nu. 10. Lnnd Series "Puschsse aud
Lease ot Crown Lunds.','
Mill, factory, ur liiilisLtriul sites on timber
laud, not exceeding Itl aeres, may ba pur*
abased us- leused, ou uoiidltiuus Including
payment.uf Mumisage,
HUMbttl I B  I yAf.-f-J*jm
Unsuree] cd areaa, not axcmdlug * acres,
may be leased as huiuesltas, cnnultlonai upon
a dwelling beltiv e eoted tu tbo first yesr,
title being obtainable alter residence aod
Improvement oonditlous tro fullllad aud laad
iiiuj beeo surveyed.*;
LEASES        CJ
Burgraalssgasid Industrial purposes "teas
.uot exceeding UO acrea may be leased by ona
person or a oompany,
Indc; ihe Grutlni! Aot the Prnelnee la
divided iulograslug districts and the range
administered under»'» <Oraalng Gone
usissluner. Allium! -rraalug permits ara
issued based ou uuinbers ranged, priority be*
Ing given to established owners. Stoek
owners mar form aiso.ilatlans tor rang*
management. Free, or partially freo, permits
are available for seitler-, tessapere and
travellers up to teu head.
Wholesale and -Retail
onler in
Havana Cigars, Pipes
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand "orks, B. C
bo-minion Mo.iumental Work* ti*
Aabtatoa Produc.o Ct*. Itoofini. ffj
_______     ,.*
BOX 332    BRAND FORKS. B. 6
Furniture Made to Order.
Alao Repairing of all Kindt,
Upholstering Neatly Dona


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