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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Apr 22, 1927

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 {^^^^^^^^^^Ijs^ece^t there would not be so much of it wastlTlfi
■y
4
CHAIRMANSHIP
OF CONTROL
Vernon, April 13.—F. M. Black, ot
Winnipeg, Han., formerly provincial
treasurer and minister ot telephones
and telegraphs ln the iBracken government, bas been offered the position ot chairman ot   the committee
ot direction under the Produce Marketing act.   The offer was made to
Mr.   Black  by   Hon. E. D. Barrow,
minister ot    agriculture,/   following
the   first   meeting of the Shippers'
Federation, held at the office of the
Associated     Growers,    Vernon,    on
Barrow came direct from Victoria to
attend   the   meeting   and to submit
Mr.   Black's  name.   After  receiving
approval    he    opened    negotiations
with Mr. Black.
*'  The   juestlon   uppermost In   tbe
minds of- all are the    pualiflcations
wtalch Mr. Black possesses.   It may
be remembered that Mr. Black was
chairman of- tbe fruit and vegetable
section of tbe food    control    board
when W. J.   Hanna   was   chairman
during  the  war.   He  was  formerly
comptroller for the  Winnipeg Electric railways.   Mr. Black wbb president of the Calgary, board of trade In
19-16 and 1917, and was for years one
ot the   financial   men   with the P.
•    Burns Co. Ltd. In Alberta.
The following statement bag been
Issued by  the 'Federation:
"The first annual meeting of the
British Columbia Growers' and Ship-
pen' Federation was held at Vernon
on April 13th. Kight members attended, these being tho flrst subscribing members and three grower
numbers later admitted. The meet
Ing was alao attended by Hon. B. D
' Barrow and representatives of the
1 Independent shippers. ^^_
"The chief Interest In the meeting
.centered in the announcement made
by Mr. Barrow regarding the government appointment on the committee
ot    direction.   Mr.    Barrow   stated
that, of those who had been considered, F. M. Black ot   Winnipeg   appeared to possess the best qualifications   for   the position.  Mr. Black
had held many important positions
In western Canada, Including that of
minister    of    finance for Manitoba
and vas now looking to British Col
umbia as a field in which to exercise
hia activities.   Many  who were  fa
miliar with IMr. Black's abilities had
reported very favorably to Mr. Barrow and had recommended bim highly* tor the position.   The  memibers
present   assured   Mr.  Barrow   tbat
■hold 'Mr. Black receive the appointment he would be given full support.
"A. J.FInch and O.  W. Hembling
were.: appointed on the committee of
direction, representing the  independent   shippers   and   the Associated
Grower*    respectively.    These     appointments will enable the commit
tee   to   actively commence work as
■oon    as    the golvernment appointment is definitely made.        J^^~
"A  difficulty  arose in connection
wttb   the   accepting of shippers as
members    of    the Federation.   The
bylaws provide that shippers become
(members    upon    receiving  licenses
from the committee of direction, but
as   the committee wm not yet ln a
position to acts shippers   could   not
yet   Juallfy   aa  members.   It   was
therefore deoided to carry on for the
present under the provisional directors and to adjourln the meeting till
• later date, by which time licenses
eould be Issued to shippers   and   a
larger   number   attend the meeting,
when permanent directors could bt
elected.   It waa left to the chairman
to   set   the  date  tor the adjourned
meeting.   Consideration of the Juestlon*   of remuneration for the committee members and methods of rats
Ing funds for the needs of the Federation and of the oommittee was also
deferred until the adjourned   meet-
* tine—British  Columbia Growers' and
Shippers' Federation; Geo. A. Barrat,
Provisional Secretary."
r^Ana KETTLE VALLE? ORCHARDIST
TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR—No   24
"Tell me what you Know is' irn.'
I can loess as well as you."
INDEPENDENTS
iIlsJ.FI
Kelowna, April 12.—Seventeen 1 n-
dependent shippers from all parts ol'
tbe Okanagan valley in meeting nt
Kelowna on Friday, resolved to lend
their fullest support to tbe committee of direction under the Produce
Marketing act, and named asi their
representative thereon Albion J.
Finch, Penticton. W. C. Duggan,
manager of the Okanagan -Packers
Ltd., i Kelowna, was chosen as director of the Federation, representing
the IndependentsA rthur Laniltr,
formerly of the Mitchell Fruit Co.,
Calgary, was _ also named prairie
representative of tbe Sales Service
Limited.
Expression was given on every
hand to the necessity for the fullest
support .to the committee of direction. It was approved that the annual salary Piad members of the com
mlttoe of direction should not exceed |3000, with a bonus if necessary
when the duties of the memlbers justified it and when such duties were
more  fully  underistood.
It was also recommended, tbougb
not unanimously, that the offices oi
tbe committee be located in Kelowna.   -
FRIDAY, APRIL 15   192/
Spring Flowering
Trues and Shrubs
Family Budget
Price Dropping
- i.i •! - .
Ottawa,April 14.—Wholesale prioes
for,the average family budget hare
Maenad the lowest figure since pre-
•war days, according to figures compiled by the federal department of
labor. Retail figures, however, have
aot yet reacted to this drop, but
•how a   considerable   decrease   as
Ieompared to those ot February last,1
*r *F*> --■# !
Ine of the earliest spring flowering shrub is the Greenstem Forsythia
or Golden Bell, which bears a wealth
of yellow flowers towards tbe tips ot
the branches before tbe leaves appear. The foliage is dark green and
persists until late ln the fall. The
Forsytbias produce a dense growth,
are of mledlum spreading habit and
average five to six feelt in height.
Trees and shrubs of Magnolias are
early spring flowering and are grown
chiefly for their large solitary terminal upright flowers, usually white,
pink or purple, and are adapted for
growing as single specimens or with
an evergreen background. Magnolia
randlflora, Magnolia hypoleuca and
Magnolia Boulangeana apeclosa are
tree specimens, varying in height on
tbe Dominion experimental farm at
Agassiz trom fifteen to thirty feet.
Magnolia conspicua and Magnolia
Boulangeana Lennei are more sbrub-
llke varieties. The large striking
foliage of some specimens makes
them- very attractive after tbe blossom period is over.
Of the same season as the Magnolias are tbe Flowering Cherries.
Prunus pseudocerasuB, Prunus ser-
rulata, double flowers rose-like, tbe
■Ma-sard Cherry and the Chinese Apple Malus prunifolia rlnki. In color,
scent and profusion of bloom they
excel the cultivated varieties ot cherries and apples. The trees of the
Chinese Apple and the Japanese
Cherry are smaller than the commercial varieties. The foliage Ib small
and when the bloom is over they are
not so desirable as some of the other
trees and shrubs mentioned; In
bloom, however, they are very striking and deserve a place ln almost
any collection.
Azaleas and Rhododendron.—These
shrubs are, ln many ways, comparable and both equally desirable, producing a mass of highly colored
bloom. The Azalea ls usually distinguished trom the Rhododendron by
being deciduous, while the' former
is largely looked upon as being an
evergreen. On the experimental
farm, both succeed well and when In
full bloom are among the showiest
of any of the flowering shrubs. The
flowers of the Rhododendron are
produced in larger clusters, while on
the Azalea -there is a more uniform
spredtng of bloom over the whole
plant. They both prefer a slightly
moist situation, moderately rich soil,
and protection from the burning
rayB of the sun.
A very delicate and highly attractive shrub is the slender Deutzia,
Deutzla gracilis. It is alco particularly adaptable .for hedgework, making a compact growth and producing
a wealth of white bloom In rather
long panicles? Approximate height
ls three or lour feet. Deutzla gracilis is readily propagated from cuttings and will produce bloom in the
second or third year. The Deutzla
hedge on tlte iarm, when In flower,
is one oC the most pleasing and admired ol' the fifteen specimen hedges
grown tliere.
Two varieties of Spiraea deserve
favorable, mention, Spiraea Vanhout-
lei, and Round Leaf Spiraea. Both
of these varieties are small-leafed, d
eiduous shrubs, medium ln size and
produce a wealth ol' white bloom in
terminal umbels or clusters. The
IRound Leaf Spiraea ls slightly more
upright than IVanhouttei, and flowers a little later. They are effective
lor single planting or in a shrubbery
with a preference for a slightly
moist and protected situation.
The Lilacs, mauve, white or purple, deserve a place in most gardens
where shrubs aro planted. The large
sweet-scented panicles of flowers are
always admired, and are justly popular.
The Common Snowball will produce a mass ol' bloom which is always attractive in the spring, and
the Laburnum, with its drooping yellow panicles ot flowiers, adds to the
color of tlie landscape. The English liawthoVii is another well known
tree, which with the showy red inflorescence ot 'some of the double
flowered varieties in the spring, and
later with its attractive form and fol-
iagg, makes a desirable specimen
where tree planting is to be done.
The VVeigulas or Diervillas are
ornamental, deciduous shrubs, producing showy flowere in the spring
or early summer. Those shrubs are
of medium size and moderately
spreading, with rather large leaves
aud flowers varying in shade from
white   to   crimson.
Another flowering tree, which is
particularly attractive i n bloom.is
the dogwood, i urnus florida, botb
white and pink flowering varieties.
The flowers are somewhat smaller
than the native vuriety but are produced in much greater profusion. In
.he lull, it Is usuully beautiful when
the lpliage takes on a bright red hue.
Two trees which lend color to the
landscape, due to the color of their
foliage, ure the Copper Beach and
tht Purple Leafed Filbert, the latter
can be classed as a small tree or allowed to grow in a shrub-like manner. ,
here are a number of other early
flowering trees and shrubs besides
those listed, as well as the later tloweriug kinds. Tho individual planning a warden Ims a host of varieties
to choose from, and he will find it a
problem, where ground space is limited, which of the many desirable varieties he will have to eliminate
Agassiz  !'■ pi.Timt'iital  Fam.
crossing accidents. 408 occurred In
broad daylight. Slxly per cent of
the trains Involved were running at
less than 20 miles per hour, the
classes of trains being half passenger, half freight. Tliere were 120
deaths, 214 Injuries. Severn deaths
were duo to trying to beat the train.
.Sixteen accidents were due to defective brakes, seven to drunken drivers, sixty-one to stalled engines. Two
hundred and eighty drivers broke
through gates. Sixty-three per cent
of the accidents happened on crossings with unobstructed views on
either side.
These facts have led one cynic to
remark that drivers involved in such
accidents, if spared from death, belong to a class Incapable of reformation and it is a waste of eyort to try
and influence them.
How,, thon, can the work of making crssiugs safe be speeded up?
The answer, broadly speaking, ls:
by legislation, education and correction—and the slaughter of fools that
won't    STOP—LOOK    and   LISTEN.
FROM EVERYWHERE
i aro to capital will develop thc
enly known blue talc deposits in
Cr.*'.z-.'.a., the b-?d located about ten
i .:!.- southwest of llanff. A private
company, adequately financed, has
'bcori organised, and it is said that
development op-trutions will begin
at once. White talc deposits are
also found- in association with the
b'.**. laic.
Tn replenish depleted British
Columbia herds a carload of mountain sh-*ep from the Banff National
i';:k and another of elk from the
Wafnwrig-ht Park are twins; brought
in to the province and will be re-
leat-cd in the mountains near
Spence's Bridge, according to M. B.
Jackson, chairman of the Provincial
Gars-,-*  Conservation   Board.
Cros: ing Tlie
(ji ade Crossing
BY   ERWIN   GRBBR
Tiie appalling loll of life and property taken  by grudo    crossing   accidents   has   repeatedly   been    emphasized.
liow du motor vehicle drivers
thomsclves ligure in the grade crossing problem? Wiiut are their responsibilities? What are their sins
of omission uud commission? How
can they help to reduce the crossing
casualty list? These are important
juestions lor evei-y man or woman
who holds a steering wheel.
Careful observations made by railway ollieials show that about 5 per
cent of drivers are. grossly careless
in approaehiiigand crossing tracks at
not seem high until it is applied to
the eleven million odd motor-vehicle
owners. It is somewhat appalling to
know that 650,000drivers are disobedient, hegli'gent or reckless.
These huge numbers are endangering their own lives, the lives of tbose
riding with thorn and the lives of the
railway train passengers and crews.
Some of the worst rail smash-ups are
due to trains colliding with cars or
trucks on crossings.
The Insurance department of the
Pennsylvania Railroad System observed 100,000 drivers- over a period
of four montihs, with these interesting deductions:
Within this period there were 607
CERTAIN TUBER BORNE DISEASES WHICH SHOULD BE ELIMINATED FROM SEED POTATOES
INTENDED FOR APPROACHING
SEASON'S PLANTING
Severe and careful grading of potatoes intended for seed and the discarding of all abnormal tubers during cutting operations is not only
connmendablo, but absolutely essential, lit the maximum return from the
crop   is to be expected.
It is extremely fortunate that tha
majority of diseases which attack the
potatoes, de reusing If not entirely
ruining the crop, manifest themselves ln the tubers before planting
time. Therefore, removal of this
source of--contamination insures the
crop tc a remarkable degree.
Before cutting the seed run the
seed over a hand rack and remove
all tubers that may bo oil-type or under three ounces in weight; all cliow-
itag black s urf untl anything showing brown necrotic lesions on tbe
surface or rot of any kind, no matter how slight. Even during careful
grading certain diseased tubers will
pass by unnoticed; therefore unless
the greatest care is taken the object
will   be  defeated.
Upon the ompletion of judicious
grading there is still another step.
Thore are many internal abnormall-
tise, such as glack heart,-tern and
browning or ihternal necrosis, which
can only be observed after the tuber
is cut. Under no circumstances
should sets exhibiting these ondi-
tions  be  planted.
How many farmers would raise
diseased and of inferior type or plant
progeny from animals known to be
grain harvested from badly smutted
fields and expect to be recompensed
for tbeir efforts? Then why expect
so much from a potato? Show a little foresight. You can't expect to
sell all your marketable stock uud
keep the seconds for your own planting without paying thc penalty, As
long as a set, whon planted, has un
eye, that Is all some people think is
necessary to se ure satisfactory returns. The laws of nature cannot be
disputed; a mau can harvest only
what he plauts. If only carefully selected seed ls used for planting tlie
resulting crop will more than* compensate for the labor expended.
In order to establish a model sct-
tlem-ant just outside Winnipeg, a
party of Catholic colonists sailed on
the Canadian Pacific liner "Mar-
1pi.1i" for Saint John and reached
Winnipeg in charge of Father Keir-
ddrf, of th* German Catholic Immi-
grfitioil Association* The party con-
si -t-ed of about 30 families and came
under the direction of the Canada
Colonjzation  Association.
Included in the programme of new
enn-truction in thc Manitoba district of thc Canadian Pacific Railway is the building of new standard
station houses to be located at Up-
sala, Toulon, Petersfield, Kemnay,
Alamedy, Pettapiece and Dominion
Cily. New section houses will bc
built at sixteen points in thc Manitoba district while a mechanically
operated coaling plant with a capacity of 100 tons w'l) be built at
Poplar Point.
Saint John Nelson Cliristnnanda,
describing himself as a Christian
Apostolic Preacher, and originating
from Southern India, arrived in
Can-da recently on the Canadian
Pacific liner "Montrose" from Kng-
lund. He is a "Sadhu" which translated signifies a Saint and is conducting a short mission of about
two months in Canada. Mr. Chris-
tananda stated that he hod been
preaching through Europe and had
visited about twenty countries on
that continent. Hia creed, he asserted, associated wilh all Christian
churches without being bound down
by any dogmas. He said he was
welcomed by all religious organizations.
OF CITV COUNCIL
The regular meeting of the city
council was held in the council chamber on Monday evening, the mayor
and all tbe ■ aldermen being present
W. J. Clark wrote the council asking for an extension of time in
which to remove some steel from
the smelter site. The rejuest was
not granted,
A copy of thc proposed agreement
between the city and the Canadian
Paciflo railway and the Kettle Valley
liue was discussed by the council
and, with some slight changes, was
approved and notice of a bylaw was
given confirming the sumo. Under
Ihe ugreement the Canadian Pacific
tt.iilwu company agrees to pay a
yearly tax of $2000 on Its operating
plant within, the city.
A preliminary report on the power
possibilities of Smelter lake showed
that under ordinary conditions tbere
was plenty of power for the city's
requirements and a considerable surplus for future development. Even
during tho lowost water supply in
Ihe past thlrty-slx years there was
more than sullieient power for the
cily's uueds, including the sawmill
and the Boundary Iron Works. Engineer McCulloeh is completing plans
and  specifications  for  the  project.
April 20th was decided upon aB
eivle clean-up duy, and residents aro
rejuesled to gather up their garbage
and refuse and put tho same in convenient places for the city team to
haul away on the following day.
KEMEMfiER FIRE
A consignment of Canadian manufactured ice cream shipped from
Saint John ahout the middle of last
month featured the menu of a banquet tendered to over 400 British
buyers by the Hon. P. C. Larkin,
Canadian High Commissioner in
London. On account of the largo
Canadian representation at the banquet the Commissioner ordered the
cream through the Purity ice Cream
Co. in Montreal, nnd wus handled
during its .'i.OOO-milo journey ucross
thc Atlantic by the Canadian Pacific
Express Coinpany, • A ton of ice
was placed aboard the C. P. liner
"Minnedosa" lo insure its arriving
in perfect condition.
He: "There goes  Necessity Jones."
She: "Oh,  you mean  the law  student.   But  why   the   'Necessity'?"
He: "Well, you know the old
adage, 'Necessity knows no law.'"
So-called waste land will cheerfully earn Its way--by planting trees.
Cow, sow, and hen—a good combination.
Oood preparation of , tho * Beedbed
usually means that les3 cultivation
will be needed later.
iMoney saved in buying cheap lubricating oil is spent (with some
more) in makisg repairs.
The growing of lettuce on the
same ground year after year leads
to disastrous results.
Only the farmer who feels a real
dignity in hia calling has Uie right
attitude   towards  farming.
Details   of  the    British   Government's exhibit at the World's Poultry Congress, to bc held at Ottawa,
July 27th to August 1th next, have
bcen received by the Congress committee.     Heading  the  list  of exhibitors   from   Great   Britain   is   His
Majesty  the  King,  who  has  signified his intention of exhibiting pig-
eons,  while  H.R.H.  the   Prince   of
Wales is sending along snme chickens from his famous farm In Cornwall.    The British exhibit will consist of models of the ooultry farms
of  Lord   Dewar  and   Tom   Barron,
two   of    the     best     known   poultry
breeders  in    England      Hon.   Miss
Florpnce Amherst and St. Dunstan's
Hostel  for the Blind, are also participating.    The British representation will include ninny technical features.    Official British delegates to
the Congress are Sir Francis Floud,
permanent    under-secrctary  to  the
M nistry of Agriculture  and   Fisheries, and  Percy    Francis.  Poultry
C*r*missioner  to   the   Ministry    of
Agriculture,
The seaplane of Commander de
I'inedo was burned ut Roosevelt
Oam, Arizona, and the spectacular
round-the-world flight of the Intrepid
Italian was interrupted to tlie disappointment of millions who were anxious io see the complete trip become
history.
The cause of the loss was a match
thrown carelessly on the oil-coated
lake on yhich the soaplane rested.
The youth who lightoil his cigarette
..mi caused the disaster is the sug-
ject of general condemnation in a
press message which lias been broadcast all  over the  world.
But whtn about the careless
smokers and tourlstB who throw
away balf-extlugulsbed mutches and
cigarettes in our forest lauds, causing Ores that destroy millions of teet
of valuable timber, the harvesting
Und manufacturing of which gives
employment to tliousunds of workmen.
A new seaplane is to bu sent in a
week or two from Italy to enable de
I'inedo lo finish the flight, but it
will tako a hundred yours to repluce
u forest.
Stive the Forest Week, decided by
royal proclamation and supported
by all government, provincial and
municipal authorities all over the
Dominion, Is designed to educate our
citizens Into a realization of tbeir
ri'sponiilsitics In protecting our great
forest from destruction by lire.
TRAIL   SMELTER   ORE 4
RECEIPTS   FOR   WEEK
Trail, April B. Following Ib u
sstatenum of ore rt celved ut the
Trail smelter tor the period April l
lo  April  7,  inclusive:
Copper concentrates, Allenby Copper Co., Allenby, 812 tons.
.Milling ore
Bluebell, Rlondel, 7-18 tons; Caledonia, Illaylock, 84 Ions; Lucky Jim,
Zincton, 7:17 tons; Noble Five, Sun-
don, Go tons; Paradise, Lake Win-
dermero, 51 tons; Huth Hope, Sandon, 70 tons; Yankee Girl, Ymir, 439
tons.
Dry Ore--
Last Chance, Republic, 334 tons;
I.one* Pine, Republic, 32 tons; Quilp,
Republic, 5:12 tons; Surprise, Republic,   HIS  tons.
Company mines, *J389 tons; grand
total.  9384 tons.
.^-IiSeJLTer    °1,JeC''; L°    "eW      » is the "*-*-•-'••••*■•• of life that are
ideaa-ne wtot. to see them tried. the pleaaanteBt part ot tt
"My friends," began the aspirant
for public oflice, addressing hfs first
audience, and in bis own town, "1
call you friends; I will not call you
ladles and gentlemen; I know you
too well for that."
Visitor: "Ynur husband gets a lot
of sentiment out of his pipe, doesn't
ho?"
.Mrs. Rlctljulck: "Indeed he does.
It's perfectly disgusting to see him
clean it" THE SUN: GBAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
®te (Brattb Sfarka Bun
AN  l"3£»E'5SNr   NEW3P«*ER
G. A. EVANS. EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER
^^*^^*mmmm***m*^**mmm——**.*mmmmmmm**m*****—m—***———*****^^*
ISI'SUBSCRIPTION RATES—PAYABLE IN ADVANCE
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) 81.00   ou- --"--* washing articles in gasoline.   If you must wash
Lee Davis, wife of an engineer, says that two women of
her acpuaintance were burned to death in so doing. "Just
the friction," says she, "of lifting material from the gasoline bath produces such sparks ln the electrified air that
: an explosion almost invariably follows." Although there
isn't quite so much electricity in the air in this section
of the country, there are few indoor sports more danger-
One Year (in the United States)    1.50
Address* •**' -**•■ ;cations to
JTbk Grand Pork* Sun
Phonh 101 Graso Korks. I". C
OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVENUE AND [.AKE STREET.
FRIDAY. APRIL 15, 19-27
Notes • Notions • Notables
Easter comes at a glad season of the year. The festival itself, is both commemorative of the resurrection of
Jesus Christ nnd as a memorial to the atonement wrought
by the death of the Master upon the cross. It Is hailed
with great uccluim in all the Christian churches of tbe
world. In Greek and Latin and In the languages derived
from them, Easter was known as "Padcha," "Pasch,"
"Pasjua," "Pascua," 'Tuques," etc., from the Chaldee
word "Paschu," the epulvalent of the Hebrew "Pesach."
The "Destroylnj- Angel's "act is recalled by the last name
in "passing over" the households of the Hebrews when
he smote the Egyptians, as disclosed in the wetlfth chapter of Exodus. This year Easter will fall on April 17.
The way by which Easter Is determined is that after the
first Sunday after the paschal full moon which happens
upon or next after March 17; and if the full moon happens on a Sunday, thon Easter day is the first Sunday
following. As usual, the churches in this city will observe Easter with Bpecial services. It is an event that
the children and the grown-ups have learned to look
forward to with much pleasurable anticipation;it is an
event all should fememtber with some beautiful thought
for the day.—A. Reid.
things in gasoline, do It outdoors.
The first English sparrows were brought to America in
1850. They were imported by Nicholas Pike and the
other directors of the Brooklyn institute to protect the
shade trees from damage by caterpillars. Eight pairs
were released the next spring, but none of them survived.
In 1853 another shipment was made. During the next
twenty years fifteen shipments of English sparrows to the
United States took place.
A good story Is told of the late Admiral Sir Algernon
de Horsey when he was senior ollicer Jamaica in the
'sixties. Refused -permission to enter the dockyard one
night by a native sentry, he exclaimed, "But I'm Commodore de Horsey," and the sentry, unconvinced, said, "Me
no care if you be Commodore de Horsey or Commodore
de Donkey; you not come ln without the password."
Years after, the sentry was known to boast of being the
only man who ever "kept the commodore out ot his own
dockyard."
'A fever thermometer registers the highest temperature
to which it haB been eyposed after its last setting. Hence
lf taken from the irouth of a patient whose actual blood
temperature is 100 degrees F. and tben exposed for some
minutes to air at 103 degrees F. before reading, the record
will falsel indicate 103 degrees and not 100 degrees as the
temperature ofth e patient. Of course, the possigllity of
such an error ls well known and guarded against by hospitals and competent physicians.
At Islington is the Canonbury tower. It has the double
attraction of great age and of association of famous and
well-loved people. Francis Bacon lived here for nine
years in theearly part of the seventeenth century, when
it was called "Canonbury bouse." One cf the upper rooms
has his name and a Latin inscription over the doors.
Charles Lamb, who lived near by at 01 Duncan terrace,
and -Washington Irving, before he went for ehis tore
years' visit to Spain, rambled over the old tower. The
most interesting thing about this old towed is that Oliver
Goldsmith wrote "The Vicar of Wakefield" here when he
had taken refuge from his creditors in the lodgings of
hiB friend, Newberry, the bookseller.but any small boy
who Inspects the tower will decide in favor of the Comp-
ton room, where he will Ignore the lovely paneling to inspect the very bullet, embedded in the wall, that was
aimed at Sir Walter Raleigh.
Strange creatures said to have been found in the south
of China, are causing u great deal of tcientiflc curiosity.
The most amazing of these discoveries deuls with a race
of "dog-faced" people. This tribe is said to live far in
toe interior. They huve thick ha r all over their bodies,
live in trees- and are ent rely savage. There have been
reports also of a blue tiger, a creature which ls aga nst
all known laws of zoology. This beast is not sir ped like
toe ordinary tiger, but has a bluish fur resembl ng the
color of coarse dungaree. During, one mouth, a sclent st
reported, this specimen killed and ata 60 people. Tht*,
Bams explorer, Doctor Caldwell, also d scovered a badger
as big as a bear, and shot a serow, a very rare animal,
which is a cross between a goat and an antelope. All
these reports lend color to the theory held by many scien-
t fie men that in southern China there are many strange,
primitive men and animals to be di; covered. IL te in
this reg on today is supposed to be like that in prehistoric times, and many "prehistoric" animals may be st 11
exist ng. The men, too, have probably remained unchanged. For years the Chinese themselves have believed
that dragons and flying serpents exist in the r country.
They have been scoffed as having vivid maginations, but
may it not, De a fact that these creatures still lurk in the
b nterland where white men have rarely penetrated?
The early history of the wholesale grocery trade is confined principally to England. The immediate forerunner
of toe grocer was the pepperer or splcer, whose trade waB
well established ln London by 1180. The earliest use of
the word "grocer" occurs in 1310 In the record report of
London. During toe Middle ages all trades were formed
into guilds, and therefore the Grocers' Conpany ot London was founded in 1345. From this time toe growth of
the trade was rapid.
Every year in June as the anniversary of toe battle of
Waterloo comes around, a banquet ls held at Apsley house
dn London, the magnificent home of the Wellingtons,
whicm was presented to the first d uke nation ln 1820.
Many priceless heirlooms, trophies presented to the great
soldier-statesman, are always brought out for toe Waterloo banquet. Perhaps toe most carefully treasured of all
these relics are some artificial flowers, now rather faded,
which were among toe decorations at toe historic hall at
Brussels the night before the battle.
Tlie Spice of Life
Chief Justice Taft, whohas the distinction of having beenboth president of the United States and chief
justice of the supreme court, is one
of the most humorous and good-tempered of public men. In the course
of a series of lectures he delivered
some years ago at Columbia -University he had occasion to speak o toe
attitude of various presidents toward
the use of unusual, or, as it may be
said, "implied," powers of the executive. After explaining Mr. Roosevelt's ideas on that subject, Mr. Taft,
who had a few years before had the
historic quarrel with Mr. Roosevelt'
which ltd to Woodrow Wilson's election to the presidency, went on thus::
"I may add that Mr. Roosevelt by ;
way of illustrating his meaning as to
toe differing usefulness of presidents
divides toe presidents into two
classes and dehlgnates them as 'Lincoln presidents' and Buchanan presidents.' In drder to more fully illustrate his division ot presidents pn
their merits, he places himself in the
Lincoln class of presidontsand me ln
toe Buchanan class. The identi.ca-
tlon of Mr. Roosevelt with Mr. Lincoln might otherwise have escaped
noticee, because there are many dlf- ■
ferences between the two, presumably superficial, which would givej
toe Impartial student of history a
digerent Impression.
'lit suggests a story which a friend
of mine told of hiB little daughter,
Mary. As he came walking home
after a business day, she ran out
from toe bouhe to greet him, all
aglow with the importance of what
sbe wlshe dto tell him She said:
'Papa, I am the best scholar in the
class.' The father's heart throbbed
with pleasure as he Inquired: "Why,
Mary, you surprise me. When did
the teacher tell you? This morning?'
*Oh, eno,' Mary's reply came, 'toe
teacher didn't tell me; I just noticed
it myself.'"
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of Bsjer Oo-npsn- will be stsmosij with Use*- fsatnl tnao m-tk, tto "***)** Cttee,-
r
All the vegetables eaten by tbe imperial family of
Japan are grown in special gardens by experts who are
careful to see that none but perfect products reach the
royal tables. When the prince regent is on a tour the
vegetables are sent to him every day in refrigerator cars.
The gardens cover several acres and contain a num'ber
of large hothouses.
An 800-pound flsh, species unknown, was washed aboard
the United States liner Republic, which arrived at Cherbourg, France.after a five-day battle against one of toe
worst storms experienced in the North Atlantic for years.
It is being stuffed as a souvenir of toe crossing. As it
came aboard It tore away part of the rail.
Poems From EasternLands
ARABIA
Caruso, in his prime, possessed the nvost powerful voice
most people ever heard, but there lived before him the
breat tenor Tamugno, whose voice possessed even greater
volume. -On his first uppearnnce ln Moscow he was announced lo slni; "Othello. When he appeared on the
stage his tremendous height mid breadth astonished the
audience, but it did not prepare them for the thunder
of his flrst npte. Its strength so astounded them that, It
Ib said, they surged backward as thou-di they were warding off an assault. The Hecond note was more powerful
Btlll, and by the iline he had sun-; his fourth note his voice
had such colossal volume that the people lost their self-
control. Leaping from tbelr seuts, thoy rushed about
oommentlng to each otlier on the in ist extraordinary
volco they lind ever beard in their lives, while tbe orchestra stopped playing and lbe stage became a scene of confusion, a few moments later, the realisation had come
to tln-m that not ouly Innl Tamflgno a glorious voice, but
that he knew bow to use li_ us un artist, and then their
applause shook  tiie thoater.
Texts that were sung to music aro among the discoveries recently made In ru ns of Ur, yhero the palaces und
temples of Nebuchadnezzar, king of tho Assyrians, stood.
Tombs under lbe ruins of dwelling houses were discovered dat ng from the period of the I.arsa kings, about
2000 B. C, large, solidly constructed in burnt brick. There
was found against the wull of the room a collection
of nearly slxly clay tablets which had obv ously been
stored in u jar, whose fragments lay with them. They
were fairlylarge and unusually well preserved and bore
religious texts and hymns n honor of the moon god,
writtn out ln the time of Bini-Sin, k ng of Larsa, twenty-
one centuries before Christ. These are the most important tablets which excavat ons have yet brought to light.
Because he discovered his bride had false teeth, a Canadian bridegroom bus usked divorce almost before the
Ink on the license was drier. The husband was a psychopath with a particular leaning toward good teeth and he
explained to tlm court be could not live with a woman
whose teeth were false. He had not been advised of tliem
fefore toe marriage, he satd.
One thing they have learned in Alaska is to make no
attempt to clean a silk or woolen garment in gasoline ln
the winter time.    Writing ln  Scribner's Magazine, Mary
THE BATTLE OF 8ABLA
Sabla, thou saw'st to' exulting foe
In fancied triumphs crown'd;
Thou heard'st tbelr frantic females throw
Their galling taunts aroun:—
"Make then your choice—the terms we give,
Desponding victims, hear;
These fetters in your hands receive,
Or in your hearts the spear."
"And is the conflict o'er," we cried,
"And lie we at your feet?
And dare you xuuntingly decide
The fortune we must meet?
"A brighter day we soon shall see,
Tho' now the prospect lowers.
And conpuest, peace, and liberty
Shall gild our future hours."
The foe advane'd:—ln firm array
We rush'd o'er Subla's sandB,
And the red sabre mark'd our way
Amidst their yielding hands.
Then, as they wrlth'd In death's cold grasp,
We cried, "Our choice ls made,
These hands the sabre's hill sball clasp,
Your hearts shall have the blade."
—Jaafer Ben Abla,
o4ncient History*
(COMPILED FROM TWENTY-YEAR OLD SUN  FILES.)
Tracklaying on the North PPork extension of the Kettle Valley line is now progressing very rapidly, and it is
expected that toe steel gang will reach the firat bridge
by the end of the week.
The mother was HI ln a home
radio bad recently be*n Installed.
The doctor came, and small Emily
looked on wonderlngly as he used
the stethoscope.
"What station is he trying to get,
mother?" she asked, when she could
no longer contain ber curiosity.
English Professor: Correct thiB
setence: "Before any damage could
be done, toe fire was put out by the
volunteer fire department."
Freshman: "The fire was put out
before any dammage could be done
by the volunteer fire department."
The sound of toe Warpenters' hammers is a pretty good
indication that spring is once more doing business in the
city. 1
A game of baseball between the printers and the bankers is scheduled for tomorrow in this city. It will evidently be for blood, as thel opponents have never been on
intimate terms.
ChaVleB Brown has Bold his fine Winnipeg avenue residence to David 'Whiteside, toe consideration being b e-
tweeil |4000 and $5000.
P. D. McDonald, formerly of toe Pacific hotel, this week
purchased the Queens hotel, near the Great Northern Station.
A man was trying to qualify for
the job of conductor on a street car.
"Now," said the examiner, "imagine you are in charge of a car going up a steep incline. Suddenly
toe driver signals to you that he hah
lost control and you find the car going backward down the Incline. You
are gaining speed every Becond. Tell
me what .is the very first thing you
would do?"
The candidate t hought for a moment, then his face brightened aa he
feplied, "Why, sir, of course I'd
change the destination boards flrht
of all."
The controversy over the propriety of using the expression Xmas
for Christmas recalls to tbe Boston
Transcript a proposal to alter the
last part of the word.
An attempt was made in the British house of commons some years
agoto have "Christmas" changed to
"Chrlsttide," on the ground that it
was unfitting In a Protestant nation
to call a holiday by a name containing the term "mass.* Answering
this argument, a witty member protested that Cbrlstmas night not like
to bave Ita name so changed, and
turning to the authur of toe resolution, Thomas tMassey'Massey, he fn-
ulred: "Mow would you like to
have your name changed to Thotide
Tldey-Tidey?"
The chairman at a company meeting had beeneztpansive about pros-
poets.
"Always prospects," said a gloomy
shareholder,   'but  never    results'.   I
begin   to doubt   ifresults   will ever
come,"
"Oh, Mr. Jones, you're a pessimist!" cried toe chairman
"I don't deny it," said the shareholder. "A pessimist is a man wbo
has had too much to-do with optimists."
This story is told of a New Eng
land judge, now dead, who was as
famous for his wit as for his learning. He wbb coming down the Icy
steps of his courthouse one January
day when be slipped, fell and rolled
down to the bottom of toe steps.
A passer-by who knew him hurried
to his assistance, and as he helped
him to his feet said solicitously, "I
trust your honor is not hurt?"
The judgkes' eyes -twinkled. "My
honor its not hurt at all, thank you,"
he replied, '-but my elbows and knees
are badly scraped, I think.
CITY BEAL  ESTATE
FOR SALE
Applications for immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by thc City, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Prices---From $25.00 -per lot upwards..  ,
Termst"Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may be seen at the
City Office.
JOHN 4. HUTTON.
City Clerk.
Sometimes the inforrriality
of the spoken word
is more effective
than a lettet.
'LONG DISTANCE,' PLEASE'
British   Columbia  Telephone
Con* pany
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year THE SUN:  GBAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
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Only Chevrolet, with its enormous purchasing
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the beauty, the quality, the distinction and
the  performance  of  Uie  Most   Beautiful
Chevrolet, at such phenomenally low prices
—the lowest prices for which Chevrolet has
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NBW LOWER PRICES
Rc-actaer    ■   $(655.00
Touring     .   {(655.00
Coupe   -   .   £780.00
Landau Sedan    ....
Roadster Delivery      •   ■
Commercial Chassis     -   •
Utility Express Chasu    -
Coach •
Sedan -
Cabriolet
£760.00
£865.00
£890.00
£930.00
£655.00
£490.00
£645.00
Prices at Factory, Oskawa—Government Taxes
Extra.
ul Chevrolet
evrolet History
PRODUCT of GENERAL
MOTORS of CANADA,
LIMITED
clerk may hurry awayto club or casino, golf lihks or houseboat for what
Robert Louis Stevenson called "the
real business of life."
The Bund, the waterfront toor--
oughfare of occidental Shanghai, is
normally crowded with prosperous,
unhurried Westerners; and Bubbling Spring road of an afternoon ih
thronged with stylishly dressed men
and women of leisure and fashion-
aable equipages that would do credit
to Ffth avenue, toe Champs Elysee
or the Ring strasse in the days of;
Vienna's glory. The city is thoroughly cosm opolitan. Perhaps no
other city ln toe world surpasses It
dn  thiB  respectexcept Cairo.
There are two Shanghais:  the na-,
»ft
tive city and the foreign concessions.
Shanghai was one of the flrst Chinese cities to be thrown open to western trade, one of the five "treaty
porta" established in 1842. British
merchants who moovved in during
Ihe next few years obtained a concession to manage their municipal
affairs in their own settlement. The
French and Amemrican residents
joined ln the arrangement, but later
the French set up a municipality of
iheir own which is maintained separately today. Residents of other nationalities have thrown ln their lot
with thc British! and Americans,
and today about twenty nations have
arrangements with China in connec-
(Ccntlnued on Pago 4.)
J,Rfcfe„     G^dForfcs Garage
Pentioton, B.C.
Grand Fork, B.C.
c/lbout Shanghai
"While toe eyes of the western
world have been turned during recent weeks toward Shanghai, head-
Juarters tor white soldiers and sailors and marines in Cina, the footsteps of thousands of refugeeh, whllo
and yellow, have been directed toward that same city, their hope of
safety. Kiangsu, the province in
which Shanghai lies, is ono of the i
most densely populated units in the I
world. It is only slightly larger j
than Indiana, and 'even under normal
conditions ten tlmeh as many people
live there as Inhabit the Hoosier
state.C hinese from all parts of the
republic, speaking bait a dozen different dialects, and foreigners from
•11 parts ot the globe make up the
conglomerate mass of humanity.
Even toe country districts are bo
congehted that toe largest farms in;
the province are little more than
small family truck gardens to toe
Canadian farmer. They seldom cover more than three or four acres.
Kiangsu Is toe pioneer province of
railroading In the Celestial ehpire.
The first road was built in 1876 from
'Shanghai to Woosung, a distance of
12 mileB. But Kiangsu owes much
of its development to its water
routes before toe railroad came, particularly to the Yangtze river and the
Grand canal that flows nearly the entire length of toe province.       z
For hundreds of years toe canal
was filled with shipping and was toe
only means of communication between tne north and the south; but
today milch of tbe canal ls ln ruins,
due largely to toe construction of a
railroad along toe route and toe development of Kiangsu river for navl
-*-
gation. Hundreds of Bmall canals
branch off Into the back country.
They are uhed to Irrigate farms and
as highways, for most of the roads
outside the large cities are wheelbarrow torack.
Nearly 2,000,000 of Klangsu's people live in Shanghai. Thousands of
the population are employed in the
city's thriving Industries. There are
more than flfty cotton mills and numerous! silk, rice and flour mills, and
hundreds of large factories producing matches, cigarettes, jewelry, pottery and many other articles.
Lying ln a protected location 12
miles up the Whangnoo river, Shanghai ds one of the vnest convoierclal
ports in China. As one approaches
the harbor one sees nearly ten miles
of docks stretching along toe river
front. H uge ocean-going vessels
from all parts of the world come and
go almost in a steady stream, fast
motor boats dart here and there
through toe harbor, and the shipping
industrdy and factories along the
river front roar with activity. Ine
could easily imagine himself entering a busy New England port if it
were not for the sing-song chatter of
Orientalh emanating from Chinese
junks and sampans that dot toe water and cluster about the docks.
This hybrid city of the East and
West is normally what many a traveler finds Paris is supposed to be but
isn't—-perpetually gay and carefree.
Eruopeans and Americans, forced
by buhiness or government assignments to live on the other side of the
world in a none too kindly climate,
seem witb one accord to have determined to make the experience as
pleasant as possible. While men's
working hours might have been
framed by a visionary Socialist for
the year 2000. In the piping times
of peace many offices open at 10
o'clock, grant a rest period fdrom 12
to 2, and close at 4, so that the harassed merchant   and    banker   and'
IMPORTANT  NOTICE
ALL TRADES,  BUSINESSES   &   PROFESSIONS
MUST  BE  REGISTERED  BEFORE APRIL 30TH
Notice is hereby given that, pursuant to sub-section (3)
of Section 523 of the Taxation Act, every person who engages in, carries on, or practices any Trade, Business or
Profession within the Province is required to obtain from
toe Commissioner of Income Tax a Certificate of Registration before April 30th, 1927. Application should be made
to any Provincial Assessor, from whom full information
may be obtained. Certificates will be issued without the
payment of any fee therefor.
DefaultJo comply with the provisions of this Bection
renders the person liable, upon summary conviction, to a
fine of $10.00 for each day during which his default cont)
tinues.
Application forms may be obtained from any Provincial
Assessor, Government Agent, Provincial Police Officer,
or from toe Commissioner of Income Tax, Victoria, B. C.
Ws Sun's Page if Pictures oi People and Events of Passing News Interest V.
By Virtue of Merit
"SALADA"
le the outstanding leader in Canada.
SsIlciW
THE BUN: GBAND FOBKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
Tire broke out in Mrs. E. M. Bar-
lee's   big   residence   on   Sixth   street
between 6 and 7 o'clock this (Saturday)   evening,   and   before   it    could
be extinguished   by the  fire   brigade
the roof and the second storey of the
building were  pretty  well   consumed
by toe flames.   The fire Is supposed
to    have    started  in  the  roof.   The
loss   ls   roughly   estimated   at  from
$700 to $800, with $500 insurance on
the    building    and  furniture   .   The
furniture and household goods on the
ground floor were saved.   Mrs. Barlee   is   out of town at present, only
at bome when the fire occurred.
Grand Forgs artists who may wish
to  turn  their   talent   to   commercial
purposes,   may   be  interested   in  the
competition    which     Sales     Service
Limited, the selling agency for many
Independent shippers, is announcing..
Sales Service wants a distinctive la—I
bel for its  boxes  of fruits.   To    secure    the  best design the agency is
offering a $25 prize. As designs must
be ln toe nice ofi that organization
by April 30, artists resident outside
toe tOkanagan    valiley,     while    no
barred, are suffering a handicap.
Dan Matheson, manager of the
Consolidated company's Rock Candy
mine at Lynch creek, has been tqm
-porarlly transferred to Ymir, and he
left for tbat place on Tuesday morning. 'E. Spraggett, who returned
from Kimberley this week, will act
as watchman at the Rock Candy
property during its close-down.
the Princeton hospitalon April h,
after a short illness. He was 70
years of age, and was predeceased
by his wife in 1925.   '
There is an unusually large amount
of moisture in the ground this spring
and the prospects for all kinds ot
crops are very good.
Mr. and Mrs. James Burton, of
Winter, Int., are locating on the
Lawrence-Bell ranch across the
Cooper bridge.
A. G. C. Mason left on Saturday
for a visit with hia son in Rossland.
Robert ("Seattle") Clark arrived
in the city today from St. Helena,
Cal. It is stated that parties are negotiating for the purchase or bonding
of his Seattle mine pdoperty on the
North Fork-
Howard and Clark Bentall, of Vancouver, are spending the Easter holidays In this city at the home of their
aunt, Mrs. J. C. Taylor.
Tom Allen, of Nelson, is visiting
some of his friends in this city.
J. H. Goodeve, of Greenwood, bas
purchased toe - Pacific hotel in that
city.
Emil Voigt, well known mining
man of the Princeton district for the
past juarter of a century and locator
Ot toe properties near Copper mountain known as Voigt camp, died in
W. E. McArtour's new sawmill on
the Kettle river above Midway has
commenced  cutting operations.
ONLY GOOD TEA GOOD VALUE
In tea, as in everything else, you get
only what you pay for. Tea of good
quality is satisfying and economfcal—
poor tea is a costly disappointment. A.
lot of poor quality, cheap tea is being
offered to the public today.
1 Mrs. P. Hartinger and daubhter
returned this Week from a visit to
Vancouver.
c/ibout Shanghai
((Continued from Page 3.)
tion with trade and extraterritorial--
rights  in  Shanghai ^^^_
After riding two hours north
of Shanghai by railroad, through fertile, flat country to toe Orand canal,
one finds himself among five million
more people of Kiaingsu within a
radius of forty miles of Soochow.
Many of the people ln toe outlying
districts are engaged in poultry raising and even the city people take
pride in then* flocks, particularly
ducks. Millions of Kiangsu eggs are
locally consumed or shpiip-ped fresh,
are dried or firozen and shipped all
over  the   world. 2
On the west of the city are a hundred beautiful lakes and toe Great
lake—sixty miles wide in some
places—is just over the beautiful
low ridge of hills on the east, one of
the feiw hilly spots ln fertile, flat
Kiangsu.
For centuries Soochow baa been
the -principal Chinese silk . market
But Its business is not confined to
silk and 'poultry, for in toe bazaars
that line toe streets and even surround toe temple of Buddha, ont can
buy anything from a bird cage to an
outdoor haircut, or a good-for-every-
thing pill.
Nearly all Soochow streets that
are not Venetian style are narrow
and are monopolized by 'rickshaws
and wheelbarrows. If one does not
ride, one 1s apt to get poked by the
bars of a 'rlckBhaw.
Nanking, Wusfh, Chinkiang and
Vangchow are also thickly popultaed
districts. Except Nanking these
cities are all on the Orand canal.
Each of them boast more than 100,-
000 inhabitants. Nanking Is toe capital of Kiangsu and wns capital of
the empire in the Mink dynasty. It
is the largest walied city ln toe
world, but on'y a small portion of
toe city ls now within the 21 "mile
'barrier.
Nanking is not comparable to
Shanghai as a commercial center,
but it boasts Its educational facilities
and toe development of Chinese
scholars.
Visitrs to Nanking are at once attracted to the tomb ot toe "first emperor of the Ming dynasty. An avenue, a mile long, approaching the
tomb, commands a aplendid view of
the city. At one end of toe avenue
is a tower containing a large black
turtle, the Chinese symbol ot long
life. On Its back ls a marble -tablet
eulogizing the emperor who ls hurled
  -f^w'*tffir-mwqer-i
tween the tower and toe tomb the
avenue Is lined on both side with
sculptures of elephants, camels, lions
and tigers, facing one another, and
now and then noe sees an enormous
statue of a great warrior standing as
a sentinel guarding toe funeral way.
The tomb and avenue are decaying
and the marble statues present a peculiar sight standing in a row ln the
middle of a field. Stones are plied
high on the elephants' back, thrown
there by Chinese who believe lf toe
stones -thrown remain on too elephant, they will bring good luck.
Where Steam Beats Air -5nsed
DEATH OF MRS. EMMA GARDNER
Mrs. Emma Gardner, wife of R. J.
Gardner, died In the Grand Forks
hospital at 8 o'clock morning, a little
over a week after undergoing a serious surgical operation. During last
week and the first part of this week
the patient's condition kept on im
proving, and it was at one time
thought that she was out of danger,
but on Wednesday she suffered a
relapse, and tbls morning she passed
The late Mrs. Gardner was 48
years of age. She was born and
raised ln Union, tOregon, and lived
in British Columbia 22 years, most
of that time in Orand Forks. She ls
survived by her husband and two
sisters—'Mrs. F. Steers, of Coeur
d'Alene, Wash., and Mrs. A. Alm-
strom, of Allenby, B. C. The late
Mrs Gardner was a very estimable
lady, and Bhe had a wide circle of
friends who will mourn her loss and
extend .their sympathies to toe surviving husband and relatives.
The funeral will be held at 1:30
o'clock from Holy Trinity church,
■where the service will be conducted
by Rev. Philip 'Hayman. Interment
will be made in Fraternal cemetery
CORPORATION   OF   THE   CITY OF
GRAND FORKS
CITY CLTJAN-TDP DAY
M
The City Council have appointed
Wednesday, April 20th, aa Civic
Clean-up Day. Citizens are requested
to gather up all tin cans and other
rubbish and put the same In handy
receptacles In places where It will
be convenient for the City Teamster
to call for them and haul them away.
C tizens not availing themselves of
the above offer will be compelled to
have their rubbish removed at their
own expense not later than Saturday, April 30th. Sawdust and ashes
will not be removed by the City.
By order of C ty Council.
JOHN  A.   HUTTON,
City Clerk.
DONALDSON
GROCERY
Phone 10
S
Try our Special Tea
at.  65c per lb
(£ Shoes, Shirts, Overalls
Good values for your
-money.
.Cadi and see jus before
purchasing.
JOHN DONALDSON
General Merchant
1—Si'i'lnii i he world from ihe rear uf tho Trans-Canada..      2  c:J>.R.'s most powerful locomotii-i will haul the Trans-f-awdn.
3—TlirouAh I he scenic route of the Rockies.       4—Open air obsirtatlon car a feature of the mountain Journey.
Botto inn tlio air mall's record In
oorryinjj mail across the cont.i-
r*f-.:it ts hot In tho regular scheme
if' trlngs for the Trans-Can/ida the
Canadian Pacific's  stellar numnier
transcontinental t*-aln.   The '.nils cf
Bf.ch  an incident    .no  broiisjhl    to
in.'nd    thrt~ir;'i   the     M-iio "**er*ueii
from headquarters or tho Canadian
r.-u'iic that tho Trans-Canada will
iv.rin operate betiveon    Vancouver
T'f.ronto and MStttr-Jitl from the nilri-
tW'j   of  May  till   about  tho  end  or
Ccptember.     Such a    record    wn-
iwCe ln the mi.ld'.'i of la.n July and
v.*:is unintentional.   By a coincidence
loiters wero fonvartluj lo ono of lho
officials  In  Mohti't'stl  hy  air   route
ar.d by the Ti'ons-Canada hoth b--
'n-.-  stamped at appi-bxlmatoty the
raine hours anl  dat.;.    '•'I'om cotn-
narleons' it was shown that the letter forwardod by train arrived about
30  hours  ahead   of  tho  air    rotito
1 otter.
This greyhound of tho stool rails
has within the few years of Its op
oration, become widely popular a
mong travellers from all parts of
ihe world.
In planning the service instituted
hy  the  Trans-Canada,  the  officials
of the company bore'in'mind'many
details that afford comfort and conveniences to the traveller.   It takes
this great train only 89 hours and
15   minutes  to   run   between   Montreal and Vancouver and about three
hours    less    from    Toronto.     The
schedule has been so arranged that
the train arrives -and departs from
tho  principal  business centres    a-1
cross    the    continent    at  suitable
hours.   The traveller who wished to
make  boat  connections  at Atlantic
and Pacific ports have been kept in
mind;   and  the vacationist visiting
the  Canadian Hockies who wishes
to   reach  its  beauty  spots   quickly
and at  convenient hours.    In  arranging for all thia the schedule of
stops has been cut to a skeleton,
making the Journey all  the  more
enjoyable.   The train, with the exception   of certain   concessions to
parlor car passen/vers, carries only
sleeping car passengere.-
The route of the Trans-Canada
ls the track of Canadian history.
Trom the scenes of Indian fights
and International feuds ln the province of Quebec, via the route of
the French explorers and fur
traders in Ontario; round the north
shore of the Oreat Lakes*- *••> Wl****.!-
peg, once the Fort Garry    of" tl'ii
Hudson's Bay Company, thou acroi ji
the prairies    which havo not    ye*.:
ceased to echo with tbe v*arw!i*~ u
of the now peaceful Indians; throti- h
the Rockies with their j30*-aor!c.) o:
Fraeer,    Mackenzie,    PaElaer    and
Rogers, and'down at .a.: to V.v:
couver which was once furrowed t**
the keels of the  Spaniards,    Thi'
Trans-Canada links the whole.
One of the features of the Con-
pony's   most up-to-date   cquipmp-t
used on tbls train ls tho new Ioc. -
motive    of the    well-known    2S< •'
class.    The    g-3-d typo, the   ver-
latest model which will be used la:
the most powerful of the Company'.!
engines.   The equipment is all-steel
throughout,   the standard   sleep*:-j
beinj- of tbo latest de-ten and lur-
■u-rlously appointed.   In the compart- ■
ment-obs-ervatton car one can sit at
ease ahd watch the whole panorama
of the Dominion roll by.f When tho
train climbs into the ir.ountalcs c.
special open air observation car ia
attached and in this one can gain
an unrestricted view of the passing
•rrnndeur.
GBAND F  RKS
Transfer Co.
DAVIS 8 HANSEN. Prom
City Baggage and General
Transfer
Coal,
Wood and
for Sale
Ice
1 Office at  R.  F. Petrie'. Store
Phone 64
Get Your
Groceries
at the
CITY GROCERY
Phone 25       "Service and Quality*' j
E.G. Henniger Go.
Grain, Ilny
Flour and Fecrt
Lime-Hi., .-mit
Cci lent and l-i-islci
Poultry Su-jplic-s
Gran-!  Forks, W. C.
o
ur
Hobby
is
•Good
ett
Printing
TlUi rulucj of <..*..-
pHalt-d, ii'-iii ;ij>-
pearviig slaiituu'i-y an
a int'-riiKOs ^eUijigaiUs'
hold) '!<;>. desirable business .has been amply
demonstrated. Consult its before going
elsewh "ire.
Wedding invitations
Bail programs
Business cards
Vi '''ng cards
Sh' " ing tags
Letterheads
Statenisiits
Notehe.'ul 3
Pamphlet 3
Price lists
Envelopes
-*'
Circulars
Dodgers
Posters
Menus
Nev   Type
Latent Style
Faces
THE SUN
Columbia Avenue und
Lake Street
TELEPHONE
R101
SYNOPSIS OF
LANOACTAMENOMENTS
PRE-EMPTIONS
Vacant niif-r-i«i-vi*(l, sj'irvt-yi'd, Grown iandt
uy bepr* em pt-j-nl by Ur tti in aubjaota over
18 j eat i of aire, uti«l hy alien- budecfarlaa;
liia-niiuii to hecume tiriUah mibjeota, eondl-
tiuiml upon re»i leu-*"- u-ccitpatioii and lin-
■iroveuient for a#rloti|iaral purpoHo*.
■"'ni' inform til>;i uotitern.n-^ re "illation*
rvgtirdftitf pre-uniniioiix 1* if. veil In, Bulletin
No. I, UUi iSa-ie-j, "ilow to . le-einvt baud,"
uniiUYuf wi.iuii i-i.n be obtained freo of chnrge
by aii*Jre>&lii|C ibt.- Department of iiaiid«,
Victoria. U.C. oiuny iiovbnuiiuul AKeut.
Kevordii will bu mails oow ring only Und
iiituu'e fur allien I tural purpose*, and which
la ii-t-i,imb0riuaii. i e„ c-ttrryiujf over 5,000
rotud feet pur a-urc wesl of tiie enact lUiiy*
unii:.) im.- fuel per ihxh ■ u»t ,.I tbavnitige.^
App.Jrutioi-t. ior |i£o-«uiptiuiU Are 10 be
ndilrc-iHi'u' tn iho U»ml Co.iiiiiisHloiiei- ot x.hm
LfimUfc'cor.liiitf l>ivi->ion. in wbleh the land
ipptlod or is sMuated.aud are.ma'la on
,>r)nl(!<l forim-i 0 ipic-j o< cum bu obtuiued
nun tn . Land CuiiuniaalO'ter,,''
iJre amptioitH must bu   ooeuoluil for Hm
unm 1 id i iiiti' ivdinHHt-. mudq t<> vtilue of $10
jt-raofe- i'i.:itt lid-; ui-Mi'lnif  nnd u ilelratln*
.it ii uki iivi: iicii-s. biluro a Cruwn (irant eaa
iJ»; rdt'UjIvtid'.
formula detailed iurjrinaiioir itfethe Bui-
lotiu'llow to Pre-empt Laud." •''V''-
UJJ        PURCHA8Er
Appliaitunsuro revived for pn rebate of
■meant and unreserved Crown Land-i, not be-
in,* t.iiii'm-imi'i, for aji-rlenltaral purpo-iee-.'
iiluimuni |>rioe of Hriit-olasi (arable) land i*
). par uerj. und t-eonnd-cja-is (ffrailng) laud
fi.bJ pef aoro, Kur her Information rafard-
uig itiii'i'iinveur lo'isy of Crown Imideli-fflCeh
111 Hill'--: in Nu 10. Luud SjiIoh- "PmchMe and
Ltitisu ol* Crown Land-i.V
- AliJ], factory, or ludij-trlal aitee on rfinber
lund, not t)\t*c^dinig 40 aoiei. may be pur*
pJLiased or leu-ierl, 011 oonditi'iina Including
;j,i* us-nr ni •lumpii'io.
fcHOME8l f E LEAfESJC '"-«-
Uiis-Tirvf.- r.i me-i-i, nut exeee iing* 20 acrea,
ulay be Ich-oiI lis li>iii'Jaita.-t, c-MMittonai upon
a dsvt-liiiv boin; <j acted in the Hrat >ear«
title I'tilUtZ ebuilnublc after realdence and
iuipi-fiyciiieiil coiiJitioiia are fulfilled and land
ii.ii* been hiirveyutl.
LEASES
Forirraaintrand induatrial purpoaet araaa
not exoeedliitf 040 acrea may be leased by ona
person or uonmpauy.
'GRAZING.
hud'' the Gr/iiing Act the I'rovince It
divided Into trraiiug di*trlcta nud the range
administered under a Graxlng Com*
idrtloner, annual -rrasinv permits *w
U>,ued ba->ed ou numbers ranged, priority be-
Iiii? ylvou to establidh.-d owner*. Stoek
owner-) may form aaaoslattont for raoe*
uiHtiafrement. Free, or partially free, perm Ita
are available for eettlar** i am pert and
'uivellers up to ten hend.
KrSCHEER
Wholesale and Retail
TOIJACCONIST
ualur iu    - .
Havana Cigars, Pipea
Confectionery
imperial Billiard Parlor
■•'    (irand Forka, K. C.
A. E. IPQUGALL
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER I
Agmt
bominion Mo.iumental Wacks I'i
t_eiaheatom I'rixlucn Co. BnoBng'S
******** *_^h '
' ESTIMATESFURHISNED>^--<il
BOX 332 GRAND FORKS. B. C
PICTURES
-(Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty*
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yam Homjl, Fibstterbt
AND PICTURE FRAMING
Kurnitui-e Made to Order,
Also Repairing of all Kinda,
Upholstering Neatly Don*
R. G. McCCTCHBON \-y
. •*.
■*,
No man will criticize your singing if you sing his praise
FROM FROST
JNPROK
EkAna KETTLE VsALLEF ORCHARDIST
Penticton, April 24.—-Reports on
the fruit situation received today
•bow thatt the late' frost was general
throughout the Ikanagan and Wenatehee and that aprteots, peaches,
and cherries hare almost been wiped
out tor this season. To the north of
the lake ranchers have not suffered
as much as at the southern end, and
ln the Oliver and Osoyoos districts,
where the thermometer, registered
•round 17 degrees of frost on Tuesday night. Weather ln the Okanagan today la mpld. and springlike.
Share frosts during tbe past few
nights have done considerable damage t the fruit crop in the Okanagan.
Apvlos and pears have not apparently- been affected owing to the late-
nets of the season this year, but the
•oft fruits, . particularly apricots,
cl-fen-fes and early varieties of peaches, have been badly damaged.
it P. Hurray, fruit -inspector, has
been over the valley gathering data,
and revorts from the lower country
•round Oliver and Osoyoos show
that practically every district will
suffer. The temperature Monday
night, taken from the government
Instrument at Penticton, waa 7 de-.
grees of frost. Farmers generally
dfd hot expect much loss as the crop
should stand that without damage,
but'Tuesday night the themometer
registered 12 degrees of frost on the
flat ln Penticton, while on the bench'
•• ".ranchers stated there were 20.
Examination of the cherry trees on
the Foley "Bennett ranch reveals a
total loss and the apricots wiil also
suffer total extinction.
Reporting on his visit up the lake,
R. P. Murray states that all stone
fruit* except plums and -prunes have
beef) killed,
The latest revolt from Oliver and
Isoyoos today states that there were
17 'degrees of frost there during
'Tuesday night, peaches and apricots
suffering badly.
DAMAGE LIGHT AT VERNON
Vernon, April  .21.—Frost   damage
here .to fruit very light, on account
of ..late    bloom.   Kelowna    reports
■light loss- except to cabbage plants.
ONLY -HALF CROP AT YAKIMA
Yjsklme, Wash., Avrll 21.—As a result of .frost damage this week there
wiil be only a one-half normal erov
of apples and onevthird orop of
peaches and peara In the lower Yak!
ma valley...The upper valley will
give two-third crops...cherries are
killed.
HEAVY DAMAGE AT WENATCHEE
Wenatehee, Wash, April 21.—The
froat damage In Wenatchee-Okano-
ganarea will run more than half a
million dollar*.. .There will only.be a
half orop of cherries .Avricota and
Delicious applet apvles were hit
TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR—No 25
"Tod ine wllstt ye» Know Is tru-v
I ou Sliestas well su tob."
FRIDAY, APRIL 22, 1927
MONEY KEEPS
ILI
NF
Annual statement of the Sunloch
Mines, Limited, has been issued and
was presented to the annual meeting of the shareholders, held in Trail,
April 14. Liabilities of $1,106,609.98
are balanced with assets in which
mining properties are given a valuation of $547,282.22. Total physical
assets are set down at $787,303.99, to
which is added: discount on shares,
$313,036.76; discount on debentures
(10 per cent on 64 debenture bonds
pf $1000 each), $6400; expenditure
carried forward, incorporation expense and insurance -unexpired,
$869.24, making the balancing total
Of $1,106,60...98.
1 Tbe company's authorized capital
is $1,000,000 ln $1 shares and the
total has been subscribed. Debenture bonds authorised were 6000 at
$1000' each, bearing interest at 7 per
cent; maturing in ten years. Fifty-
four were ssued. Current liabilities
Include $31,783.92 credlttd to the Consolidated Mining sfb Smelting Company ot Canada, Limited.
The big smelting organization, it
recently was revealed, owns more
than 820,000 common shares of the
company.
W. M. Archibald, presndent, announced that no debenture bands
were Issued last year anil charges for
upkeep of the propetrty and intehest
on t he bonds already issued' were
carried as current liability.
'Reference tio the. statement shows
that "current liabilities" are composed almfpst whollyj of debt to
"smelters," which latterly hu bkept
the property n operation.
No underground work- was performed, but surface prospecting indicated ' extensions of mineralized
zones which will rejuire diamond
drilling and underground development before any statementof the
comrmercial possibilities ls justified.
It is agreed ln coast financial circles that further financing of the
propert will be done by smelters.
may it not?" was a pnestlon asked
mle.
Someetimes It may, more often,
probably, lt may start vapor that has
collected under the hood. The cause
of backfire is very simple. If for
any reason—a broken stuck, or leaky
Intake valve, for Instance—there ls
an explosion taking place' in the cylinder at tbe same time that an intake remains unsealed, some of the
explosion will blow back into the intake manifold and head along the
lines of least resistance for the open
air. Or, if your mixture fs too thin,
it will burn so slowly that ft will still
be at lt when the Intake opens to admit the next chaise. The incoming
mixture takes fire from the old flame,
and bursts back, as before, through
manifold and intake. There's practically no danger from this when it
happens to a clean automobile engine with no fumes under the hood,
but it's better avoided. Such fumes
come from a pipe leak, or, more tre*
puently, from a poorly working carburetor.
Don't give a fire a chance to start.
Keep engine, wiring, and gas systems ship-shape. Keep flames away
from everything and see that there
is no random sparking near anything that may form vapor. Look
over your wiring every few months,
and if you find it chafilng anywhere,
patch or replace the wire. Don't
take 'backfiring too lightly,
Play Saft!
COMMITTEE'S
FROM EVERYWHERE
Prom the year 1919 to 1925 there
was an increase of $1,803,772,886 in
the total taxable value of realty in
Canada, according to the Dominion
Bureau of Statistics. The value in
the latter year was $7,331,786,535.
Vernon, April 22.—F. M. Black,
formerly provincial treasurer in the1
Bracken government in Manitoba,1
and a business man of wide expert-]
ence in western Canada, haa accept-'
ed the position of chairman of the'
committee of direction under the'
Pro "tif*° Marketing act. Hr. Black!
discussed the sltuatl I
B. D. Barrow, minister of agriculture. I
There has been considerable speculation as to where the offices of the
committee yill be located, and ft is
understood the claims of Vernon and
Kelowuii are being considered.   Vernon   people   l'-li'eve that the advantages this city enjoys as the home of j
the Associated Growers and at   the'
neck of tbe bottle, with   mail   and'
telegraph   facalities   that are unex-1
celled, will not be lost sight of when'
a 'decision  is  reached.   Kelowna  is
understood to be pressing its claim'
The maple syrup production ot-
the Province of Quebec will be in
the neighborhood of 20,000,000 gallons, it has been officially estimated, this being an average output. The season has been much
more advanced than in former years.
The pulp newsprint mill of the
New Brunswick International Paper
Co., Ltd., will be erected in Dal-
housie, it is understood, as it is said
that satisfactory arrangements resulted at the conference between
representatives of tbe company and
the town council.
A school will be established at the
Vancouver Shops of the Canadian
Pacific Railway for the purpose
of instructing the apprentices in
mathematics and drawing, it was
announced recently by A. Sturrock,
assistant superintendent of motive
power, western lines.
I
LONG-DISTANCE
LEADERSHIP
WATCH OCT
FOR FIRE
s being
as
more central, the location
Victoria, April 17.—Portland Canal has again taken center ot the stage
ia the British Columbia mining situ
ation aa a result of the sale to the
Consolidated Mining ft Smelting
company of the Oeorge Copper mines
on Bear river,"■'..'
The big smelting corporation,which
figured prominently in' the week's
mining news by the sensational show
ing ot itis two Vancouver island properties, Coast Copper and Sunloch, has
decided tit enter the Portland Canal
in a large way, and as a preliminary
has undertaken a two-year program
of development on .the Oeorge property this spring.   - '
The agreement transferring ownership of the George Copper mines tn
the Consolidated were signed here
by W. B. Oeorge, P. U. Linklater,
Richard Jones and Frank C. Green.
•The purohase ls regarded by mining men here aa the most important
piece of news that has coime out of
the Portland Canal country •Ince the
Guggenheim   Interests   entered that
field*.
$ 4$
It i/f^ptiso announced here tha^Geo.
A. Fraser of Stuart has sold a mine
on Cascade creek, Juat across from
the Premier mine, for $260,000.
One thord of experience ii worth o
whole     wilderness     of.   warning.—
I Lowell    , U|   (j^
BT  ERWIN   ORDER
The average, motorist can understand how a match can set an automobile afire, but they disbelieve that
a cigar will do it. They' probably
figure that If the hot exhaust pipe is
right under the filling end ot the
gasoline tank—why a cigar can't possibly do the trick. But I aaw a cigar
■et off a gaa tank, and here is how
lt happened-
The gasoline was probably pretty
low in that tank that Uie cigar let
off, for the* man waa looking to see
whether he had enough left, to get
home on. The low gasoline level
left a large-space for gas to collect
and mix with* air coming nl-through
the vent ln the Dler cap, thus forming a highly explosive con-thinatton.
As you know, it is easy to produce
in the explosion chamber an ideal
combination of these elements that
a carburetton system Is provided.
The modern automiobile runs on a
-mixture of air and gasoline' vapor.
It takes mighty little to set off a
good mixture; a tool dropped carelessly on a concrete floor, a bit of
glowing carbon on the piston head
an, overheated cylinder wall, may do
it. But the gasoline that will splash
down on the Incandescent exhaust
would not explode, because it is un-
vaporized and uncarbureted, and un
confined. Ton can heat gasoline—
always guarding against any vapor
catching fire—to 160 or more degrees, before it even begins to boll.
Tou might dip that hot.exhaust into
an open howl of gasoline and get
nothing more than a lot of white
smoke from tt.
"A backfire through the air intake
may   sometimes   catch a drip, too.
1 Victoria, April 22.—Politfeians
here, among whom are numbered
many promUnent Conservatives, are
at a loss to understand just what is
happening in the inner councils of
the Conservative party.
Their curiosity has been aroused
by a number of incidents which have
arrested theUr attenjioi-t; recently.
Two weeks ago Joshua Hinchliffe announced with a good deal of verbal
embellishment that Dr. Tolmie is
"the univer of the party-" Last
Thursday T. G. Coventry of Saanich
pleaded -#th his constituents to
"live and thrive Uke bees in a hive
and never sting each other." Four
daya afterward the same member
declared that "Saanich is living up
to the Kamloops spirit."
The opinion abroad is that Mr.
Coventry was duly reprimanded for
im-plying that all was not well with
the varty, and that he itook an early
opportunity of correcting, as far as
possible, the impression which he undoubtedly left in the minds of his
constituents.
In commenting upon this -peculiar
condition of affairs the Victoria
Times reminds the public that .there
are two versions of the "Kamloops
spirit." It suggests that the anti
Tolmie delegates to that gathering
are preserving their ideas about the
concord—or the lack oUt—which prevailed there, while the proVolntle
delegates are working overtime in
their efforts to dispel all ddea that
there fs any dissatisfaction among
the rank and file over the attempt
wbich the federal member for Vic
toitta ls making to lead the party
from Ottawa.
The lmyression seems to be that
the petition recently circulated and
liberally signed, by Conservatives,
ashing Mr Bowser to re-enter the
political arena and contest a Victoria
seat, ls the beginning of a serious
split between the two factions of the
Tory party.
In any event, it is clear to the most
casual observer that something is
brewing in the Conservative pot-
and there is a strong suspicion that
dissatisfaction over long-distance
leadership ls at the bottom of lt.
of the Sales Service Limited, and the
center of operations by so many Independents, i
to any event, Mr. Black will probably look the situation over, become
acquainted yith his new colleagues,
ff he has not already met them,
and obtain some insight at first hand
into the nature of the duties he has
undertaken.
• It should not be lost sight of that
Mr. Black, years ago, packed with
his own hands some boxes of cherries which won honors at Nelson.
He is no stranger to British. Columbia and Its problems, and he has first
hand knowledge of the hunger for
fruit which exists on the western
plains.
F.M.BUICK HEADS
L
"Merry Sunshine," an eight year
rod poll cow„ bred and owned by
Cowan Brothers, of Kamloops, has
recently completed a 365-day R.O.P.
test and established a new Canadian
record with 13,617 pounds of milk.
This record was made under ordinary farm conditions on a ranch
nearly 4.000 feet above sea level, the
cow staying, out of doors day and
night
A cable from London, England,
reads* "Following the perfection of
a method for the production ot
artificial wool from pine needles by
Italian and German scientists, a
British financial and industrial corporation is in touch with Quebec
Provincial Agents Office at Quebec
city investigating the possibility of
establishing such an industry In
Quebec Province.
Victoria, April 18.—Hon. B. D.
Barrow, who has been to Chilliwack
over the Easter holidays, ls expected
back In Victoria tomorrow morning.
Departmental business will keep
bim in Victoria on Wednesday, and,
with Hon. IF. M. Black, he will leave
Victoria Wednesday night for tbe
Okanagan to confer with fruit growers there on British Columbia marketing board operatlins. j
A great future for tobacco growing in Western Ontario is predicted
by the Hon. J. S. Martin, Provincial
Minister of Agriculture, wHfc states
that counties engaged in this industry have demonstrated that they can
grow as fine tobacco leaf as Kentucky or Virginia. A number of experts have been engaged, he announced, to visit new growers and
fivo them all information possible.
Final decision to accept the chairmanship ot the new fruit marketing
committee, at a salary of $10,000, was
made Saturday evening by F. M.
Black, Winnipeg, former provincial
treasurer of the Bracken government
of Manitoba, after conferring witb
Hon. K. D. Barrow.
FARM FACTS
Freight Rates Probe
Rearing Its End
Ottawa, April 22.—After sitting
extending over two yealrs, and occupying 106 days, the general freight
rates faquir yby the board of railway commissioners ls expected to be
completed nut week.
ill It pays to keep cherry trees from
trowing too high; height makes it
difficult to harvest the crop. .
When corn is 76 cents per bushel
farmers can afford to pay as high as
$27 to $30 per ton for shorts to feed
to hogs.
Sows that will produce Utters this
spring should have plenty of exercise. They should be in good flesh
but not to fat at farrowing time.
Put alfalfa or clover hay in an
open wire basket where hens can
get the leaves. They are a first-
class substitute for green feeds during winter. ,
Old nipple trees may bo pruned
heavier than young ones, for the
stimulating effect of heavy prunifng
is not so objectionable to them, but
large or scaffold limbs should be removed only wbere necessary.
Supervising 200 Norwegian settlers, including wives and children,
from tbe districts of Nottoden, Hed-
dal and Valdres sections of Norway, Eric Flatebo, chief clerk in
the Canadian Pacific Railway offi-
c.?~ at Bergen, saw the settlers oft
for Winnipeg from the Windsor Station, Montreal, fifty of the party
ere going straight to relatives. Mr.
Matebo estimates that some 600 persons from the districts named will
eventually come to Western Canada,
Via Canadian Pacific Railway recently there was forwarded to Hla
Holiness the Pope an album of
photographs of the Canadian Rockies offered by E. W. Beatty, Chairman and President of the system,
following the suggestion made by
a prominent Canadian citizen who
had described the Canadian Rockies
to His Holiness in an interview som*
time ago. A wish for a book showing views of tbe mountains was expressed by the Pope whose wish waa
conveyed to Mr. Beatty. The album
Is beautifully bound in wblte kid.
Canadian ilmenite ores will soon
be used in the manufacture of a
new pigment called "Titanium
White" (to be used In the samo
way as white lead) according to R.
H. Honk, of Montreal, who statea
that plans are nearing completion
for the erection of a plant In Montreal, and, If everything develops as
expected, this plant,.will be set up
in the autumn. Tbe development
branch of the Department of Colonisation and Development, Canadian
Pacific Railway, has been active in
furthering the establishment of thia
industry.
PROSPECTS ON
THE PRAIRIE
Winnipeg, Man., April 22.—A general survey of agricultural conditions
throughout the west made by tiie
agricultural department ot the Canadian Pacfic railway, shows that conditions are satisfactory, thogh the
spring fs somewhat belated. The
saturated condition of the soil and
the cold changeable wheather at the
past two weeks have delayed corns-
mencemient of work and precluded
any possibility of the farmers getting
an early start With the exception .
of a small amount of plowing and
discing in the southern portions of
the prairie provinces, no work on
the land has been done. In isolated
districts ln southwest Alberta some
seeding has been done, but it ls
scarcely likely even under the most .
favorable weather conditions that
seeding can become general in the
west before the end of A-pril or the
. beginning of May.
In the higher lands haying good .
drainage,  seeding  should  oommence
early next week.
Seeding In Manitoba, In 1920 was
not general until May 3, In Saskatchewan May 6, and in Alberta May 5.
In 1S23 seeding was general in Manitoba on May 6, ln Saskatchewan and
Alberta on May 1.
The long cold winter with considerable snow combined with a shortage of feed in many parts of As west
have made it somewhat hard on
Btock, with a likelihood ot thin cattle this spring. Basing their optimism largely on the fact that tew .
Bprings have strated off with as
much moisture ln theland as now,
farmers are looking forward to a
good crop year.
In practically all the districts
throughout the west there should be
sufficient moisture to carry the crop
until the beginning of June.
1 The estimate of acreage prepared .
by Canadian Pacific agents throgh-
out the west shows a substantial increase over the year in'each -province with the exception of Manitoba,
the aggregate flr the three provinces
showing an increase of 10.0 per cent
Details are as follows:
Manitobe, 3,076,700 acres as against
3,399,700 acres, a decrease of of 9.6
per cent.
Saskatchewan, 8,020,631 acres as.
against 7,448,486 acres last year, a
7.7 per cent Increase.
Alberta, 4,277,631 acres against
3,015,b85 acres, an increase of 41.9
per cent.
The total for the three western
provinces, 15,374,862 acres as, against
13,863,671 acres last year, fa an Increase of 10.9 per cent
Winter wheat and rye, from present indications, have come through
the winter satisfactorily. Both these
crops show an Increased lacreage
over 1926, the total for these three
provinces being, wheat 48,000 acres,
rye 435,000' acres, as against 30,000 ■
acres of wheat ln 1926, and 629,650
acres of rye.
Importation of seed will be necessary in many districts, principally in
Saskatchewan and Alberta, due not
so much to the fact that there is any
particular shortage, but because
some of the grain, particularly oats,
suffered through exposureto wet
weather last fall, with consepuent
deterioration.
It 18 not thought, however, that the
farmers will take chances, as much
publicity was given to the necessity
of sowing good seed, particularly by
the special seed grain trains, on
which lecturers demonstrated to
farmers the urgency of determining
the vitality of any seed before putting lt Into tbe ground.
All that one gains by falsehood ls
not to be believed when he speaks
Hope and endeavor are akin.
TRAIL 8MELTER ORE 4
RECEIPT8 FOR WEEK
Trail, April 22.—Over 8000 toe of
ore was received at ihe big smelting
works of the Consolidated Mining ft
Smelting Company af Canada,Limt-
ted, Tadanac, for the period April 8
to April 14 Inclusive, the report of
mines shipping following:
Copper Ore—
Allenby, Allenby, 571 tons.
Milling ore—
Bluebell, Rlondel, 389 tons; Bosun,
New Denver, 86 tons; Duthie,
Smithers, 36 tons; Lucky Jim, Zincton, 544 tons; Noble 'Five, Sandon,
70 tons; Wonderful, Sandon, 54 tons;
Yankee Girl, Ymir, 192 tons.
Dry Ore-
Last Cbance, Republic, 280 tons;
Quilp, Republic, 191 tons; Surprise,
Repuglio, 34 tons.
Company mines, 6179 tons; grand
total, gem tone. THE SUN: GBAND FOBKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
3fe i%tanh Jfurks Bun
Ui.-lT*! JHJ *> J 31.13 HE fl
i. bUSSORIPTION RATES—PAYABLE IN ADVANCE
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) 11.00
fine Year, (in the United States) .:  1.50
Addresr -" ————-cations to
JThk Grand Fork? Su*"
Phosb 101 Grand Forks, B. CJ
OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVENUE Af«D LAKE STREET.
FRIDAY, APRIL 22,  1927
TARIFFS ON BASIC COMMODITIES
The, American and Canadian tariffs on fresh and frozen
fish ate two cents and one cent per pound respectively.
The effect of these tariffs is to increase the price of flsh
' when importied by adding the tax to the competitive
price, thus establishing artificial price levels for Imported
flan. The economic conditions obtaining in the two
countries,, however, and not the tariff, determine the effect of the artificial increase In price.
In the States where the price of imported flsh is two
Cents a pound in excess of the competitive price, the
shortage there permits ol the price of the domestic article being raised to that level, by including the same tax
Jn the' market price. Increasing the price of the domestic flsh without increasing its value, subsidizes the fisherman to the extent of two cents a pound as effectively as
if'be were paid a cash bonus on the catch. That the ar-
tliclal Increase in the price obtains in the Staes ls proved
by the. fact that American flsh in Canadian ports command a price of two cents a pound in excess of the Canadian product, because of free entry to American markets.
The American tariff on zsh is migh tax, but it has no
effect in restricting imports which are determined by the
deficit of flsh in American markets. The Canadian flsh
pays a ta» of two cents a pound to enter these markets,
but the selling price is two cents higher because of the
tax, which is virtually a free trade basis on a two-cent
higher price level and which places no obstacles in the
way of imports. While only an artificial increase in the
prioe of fish results from the imposition of a tarig, which
would *e necessarily reduced in case the duty were reduced, the tariff exercises no influence over the natural
price which is determined by supply and demand and
which may rise or fall because ol a general surplus oi
shortage of flsh, while the artificial increase fn price is
fixed. As an instance, the competitive price of fish is
determined by the sieasonal catch and is high or low iti
proportion t the jaantity taken, while the artificial in:
crease in the price is the tax rate inexcess of the' competitive price. It is thus with all imported articles upon
which a" tariff has been levied, the costs and prices are
artificially increased to the extent of the tax and this is
tho only lunction a tariff performs.
The general competitive prices however, whether of
automobiles, shoes, teas or of other commodities, may,
owing t oincreased or lessened use, increased or lessened
costs of production or to other causes, increase or decline under high tariffs, for a tariff, contrary to a populai
delusion, exercises no direct influence over such variations in the natural 'prices.
it should be noted that the number of imported articles
which the consumer buys determines the number that
may be imported, and that none would be imported it
none were purchased, hence, a difference in the prices
of tbe imported and the domestic articles in favor of the
latter must be maintained if imports are to be controlled.
Therefore, it Is the level at which the prices of the domestic products are kept (which is controlled by factors
ootber than tariffs) that determine if importations can
be made with profit; and when the prices of such domestic articles are raised from any. cause whatsoeverto the
level of those of similar products imported, and which
occur in perhaps 90 per cent cases wherein tariffs are im
posed—restrictions  on  imports are  thereby -removed.
A tariff in its operation is either a subsidy, a revenue
tax or a sop. In cases wherein the prices of the domes
tic articles are raised to the level of those imported/ it
is a price-raising subsidy; when levied on articles not
produced in this country, suoh as tea, coffee, etc., it is
simply a revenue tax; and when a high tariff is placed
on an article (the local price of which excludes imports
and cannot.be controlled because of a surplus)such
fish, wheat, eggs, the metals, etc., in this country, it Is a
sop. A sop tariff is placed on articles for thepurpose of
influencing the producers against opposing increases in
the subsidy tariffs, which are placed largely on the finished prducts. As an instance, a tariff of one dollar a
bushel on wheat would place wheat growers in the charmed circle (the protected interests) and wouid tend to
stifle any opposition from wheat producers against increases in tariffs on, say, automobiles, shoes, etc., etc.
Those countries which control the markets for the natural products, and wish to subsidize their -Industries,
may do so by imposing a tariff on such articles. 'For instance,- if England wished to subsidize her wheat growers, lit could be done as effectively by imposing a tariff
on wheat an by paying a cash bpunty to the wheat pro
ducers. The deficit of wheat there would determine
importations and not the tariff. If the United States
Wished to subsidize its fishermen or the producers of
non-metallic ores such as fluorspar, magnesite, or of any
other commodities the markets ol which she controlled,
it could do bo by levying a tariff on these articles, but
these tariiffH would only affect the artificial increase and
not the general competitive prices which are determined
by their increased or lessened use and which may become so depressed as to force such articles off the market,
If the American tariff on fish were suspended, their
fishermen would lose the subsidy, for their consumers
would be relieved Irom paying it. The Canadian fish
could onter the American markets free, and on a com,
petltive price basis, but the artificial increase in the
price, of two cents a pound, on the American markets
would disappear, for Lhe artificial cause (tariff would no
longer exist, audi the same results would follow the sus^
pension of tin ills on all articles wherein the prices of the
imported and the domestic products were equalized
In Canada where a surplus ol fish exists, a tariff subsidy cannot be collected, lor price control, which is a
necessity, cannot be exercised—so if Canadian producers
Of the natural products lire to be placed on the same
footing with those of countries whioh coitrol their markets, a cash bounty on the output is the only effective
method to employ.
The policy of equalizing the Canadian tariffs with those
of tbe United States (brick for brick) could be applied
in such cases, and Its worthlessness as a remedy clearly
demonstrated—yet It has been shouted from Ihe house
tops and eagerly swallowed by protectionists.
Notes • Notions • Notables
It Is frejuently asked why the term efficient or ade
juate vrotein is given to certain proteins and what foods
supplp them in the ordinary diet. The United States department of agriculture explains that proteins are one of
the chief constituents of all plant and animal cells. Plants
are capable of building proteins' from the chemical sub-l
stances furnished by soil and air. Animals cannot do
this, but must rebuild the tissue cells from proteins in
their food. The animal body is, however, able to break
down the complex plant proteins into the simple units
that comprise them and then to rebuild these units into
its own characteriistic body proteins. There are many
Buch proteins, and all do not contain the same essential
units, or amino acids. For this reason certain protein
foods may not supply all of the amino acids for the animal ln question, and are therefore not adequate for nutrition until supplemented by a protein furnishing the particular amino acids that are lacking. Meat, milk, eggs
and flsh are valuable sources of efficient protein in man's
diet.
There were many amusing incidents tn the early days
when Bell was at work trying to improve the telephone.
At first persons had to talk so loudly in order to be heard
over the telephone that lt was said that they frightened
horses that were out ln the street. On the nigbt after
Bell and Watson had talked for the first time over the
marvelous distance of two miles the two young men, in
their boarding house, talked so Joyfully and danced so
that the landlady said: "You two will have to leave the
house if you can't be quiet at night." Then, too, in those
early days of the telephone, foreigners who talked over
it were amazed to hear lt speak In their own languages.
They seemed to think that since the invention had been
made by an American, it could speak nothing but English. The first telephone booth was made when Watson,
remembering his landlady's scolding for the noise that
he and Bell had made at night, rigged up a shelter of bed
blankets and crawled under tbem ln order to talk without waking the house. That gave the idea that led to the
modern booths. As for the familiar "Hello!" so closely
associated with the telephone, neither Bell nor Watson
had thought ot using the word. They always said
"Ahoy!" as if they were signaling a ship!
A witchcraft case In Staffordshire, England, recalls thc
that witchcraft still lingers in all varts of Europe.The
British penal laws were repealed ln 1736, but there have
been cases within tho last thirty or forty years, especial
ly in the Highlands, in which there have been reports of
witchcraft. It was estimated that between 1484 and 1782
no fewer than 300,000 supposed witches were put to deatb
in Europe, but there have been cases ln which "witches'
have beaen lynched much more recently. The usual
form of witchcraft to survive is that in connection with
the making of a wax image of the person to be bewitched, clay being useid instead ot wax in the Highlands.
Tfce Spice of'Life
During the civil war, so we   read
ln the Argonaut, a troop of Confederate mountain cavalry had been
ordered to proceed to the relief of a
certain town. Before they could
reach the town the federal forces
were in command of the place. The
troop arrived in .the night and, not
caring to mix unnecessarily with the
superior force of Union soldiers,
turned round anid rode out of the
town by the first Kate and road that
they found. ]
Before them stretched a fine,
smooth highway, and they took lt for
all they were worth. They rode all
night without passing any villages or
signs of civilization. The countryside seemed not only deserted but
very monotonous. When the sun
peeped up over the Blue Ridge mountains the captain drew up suddenly.
'-What's the matter, sir?" asked
the lieutenant.
"Why, look here, sir," roared the
captain, "we've been galloping
aroiind a racetrack all night!"
The owner of a valuable pony that
was suffering with the navicular was
trying to tell Father James Healy, a
famous Irish wit,what ailed the poor
animal. The medical term, however,
was a little too much for him. He
told him that the rpony was suffering
with the vernacular.       - . j
"God bless me." said the priest,
"Think of that now. I thought the
only animal that ever suffered with
that complaint wns Balaam's ass." ' I
"One seat on top and one Inside," j
shouted a bus conductor as his car
drew up at the curb. I
"Sure now and you wouldn't be
after separating a daughter from her
mother," said the elder of two women on the sidewalk.
"Right ye are, X would not, "replied
the conductor, starting the bus. "I
did that once, an' I've been regrettin'
it ever since."
CITY REAL  ESTATE
FOR
Applications for immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by the City* within the
Municipality, arc invited, '[
Prices:—From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Terms j—Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices- may be seen at the   |
Cityt>fficc.
JOIIN \. mJTTON.
-    City Clerk.
The ancient Greeks kept clcadae in cages for the sake
of their songs. They were favorites with most Greek
poets. A c cada sitting on a harp was a usual emblem
of music, in explanation ot which there was a story
of two rival musicians, Eunomus and Arlston, the former
of whom broke a str ng of his harp one day when competing with the latter. A cicada, however, flew to his
rescue', and sitting upon the harp, supplied the place of
the broken strng and so won him the victory. Fabre
thinks the Greek clcadae would be crickets.
The South ls generally understood to Include the foi
lowing states: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia,
Kentucy, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri,
North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina.Tennessee,
Texas, Virginia and West Virginia, and the District of
Columbia, which have a total area of 969,287 s uare miles,
about one-third of continental United States, By some,
Maryland, the District of Columbia and West Virginia are
not included in the "South." By others, Missouri is also
omitted. 1
About eight inches in circumference, a coin which was
in circulation as long ago. as tbe flrst Roman republic has
been found in the suburbs of Rome. It is of metal closely
resembling gold, and despite the wear of time, the figures
on each side have not been obliterated beyond tracing,
Silk furnishes the longest continuous fiber known. One
cocoon has been known to yield nearly three-quarters of
a mile.
Poems From Eastern Lands
ARABIA
TO A DOVE
The Dove to ease an aching breast,
In piteous murmurs vents her cares;
Like me she sorrows, for opprest,
Like me, a load of grief she eears.
Her plaints are heard in every wood,
While I would fain conceal my woes;
But vain's my wish, the briny flood,
The more I strive, the faster flows.
Sure, gentle Bird, my drooping heart
Divides the pangs of love with thine,
And plaintive murm'rtngs are thy part,
And silent grief and tears are mine.
—Serage Alwarak.
o4ncient History"
(COMPILED FROM TWENTY-YEAR OLD SUN FILES.)
Dr. Dickson's automobile, whlohwas raffled last Saturday evening, was wan by a ticket held by Messrs, Al.
Traunweiser, A. E. Smith, Gus Parker and VS. Miller. It
took a throw of 49, made by Leo Mader, to win the machine.
The baseball game last Saturday between the bankers
and the printers resulted In a score ot 18 to 101 ln favor
of the latter team.
Wm. Waterston, city electrician, has resigned, and L,
M. Leamyi has been appointed as his successor.
The city council at its last meeting Issued an edict to
the effect that city employees must not visit barrooms
while on duty.
When A. B. Farquhar went to Mexico several years ago with the American   Public   Health   association he'
found that the 'Mexican military were j
much impressed with our Ideas  of
sanitation.   One time, he says in his I
autobiography, when we returned to!
Mexico City after a trip to VeraCrua1
one of Diaz's generals told me proud-!
ly that in the Interests of sanitation
he had   Just   burqpd   down   a great'
number of    houses.   iHe    explained
that   it was a great improvement in
every way ito be rid of such a filthy
puarter.
, "But," I asked, "what did bhe
people say who were living in those
houses?" i
"What did they aay," he repeated
thoughtfully. "Why, what do they
say when it rains?"
A certain Irish Judge never tried
to hide his dislike of John Phdlpot
Curran, a distinguished lawyer who
was well known tor his Wit The
Judge, writes Sir Edward Sullivan in
the Nineteenth Century, had. a mas
tiff dog that he had trained to ait beside him ln court. One. day when
Curran was arguing a case of considerable importance his lordship
gave every appearance of not listen-.
Ing, and, moreover, to accentuae hia
contempt he turned to his dog and
audibly addressed some remarks to
him.
Curran at once stopped talking.
"Go on, sir," said the Judge.
'1 beg your pardon," answered
Curran, "I thought your lordships
were ln consultation."
Two men whoh Bad travelled were
comparing their Ideas about foreign
oities.
"London," said one, Ms certainly
the foggiest Place in the world."
"Ob, no, it's not," Bald the other,
"I've been In a place much foggier
than London."
"Where waa that?" asked his Interested Mend.
"I don't know where lt was," replied Iha second man," "itwas ao
foggy."
A number ot policemen were discussing the strength ot a notorious
character, whase chief offences were
resisting the police and assaults upon them. They all agreed in regard
to hla great strength, one declaring
that he was aa strong aa a bullock.
"Strong be blithered," aaid an Interested listener; "why, me and nine
others knocked biases out of him."
One ot the province's Inspectors
who recently visited a village school
piled the classes with many searching questions. Towards the close of
the afttrnoon, when the pupils were
thoroughly exhausted, he said:
"And Is tbere any Juestlon you
would like to ask me7" "Please.slr,
what time does your train go?"
promptly inquired one of the boys.
"Why do you call yonr child remarkable?"
"He's nine yeara old and plays no
Instrument; doesn't even recite
pieces."
Sometimes the informality
of the spoken word
■   is more effective    '* .
than a letter. -.
'LONG DISTANCE, PLEASE"
British  Columbia  Telephone
Con* pany
iff
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year
Japanese Alpinists Climb at Jasper
HEADED by Yuko Maki, under
secretary .of the Japanese
Alpine Club, six noted Jap-
anaso Alpinists have left Jasper
Park Lodge, at Jasper, Alberta,
for a twenty-five days' trip into
the Columbia Icefield, one of the
least-known portions of the Canadian Rockies. Their trip will
take Ihem to the headwaters of the
AF-IUsca and North Saskatche-
wiji.Hvers, and an endeavor will
be Mae to climb Mount Alberta, a
♦|i*ln,lpeak which has so far defied ill efforts to conquer its
higher slopes. . Members nt the
party state that if the territory
lives up to their expectations it
will attract hundreds of Japanese
Alpinists annually. The expedition is elaborately equipped scientifically and the equipment in-
«M* still and   motion pietara
cameras and a complete dark room
With Which pictures will be developed in the field., Three Swiss-
guides, Heinruch ...Fuhrer, Hans
Koblert, and Jean Webber, from
Jasper Park Lodge, are "**acco-n-
panyi-atg the party and five guide?-
and forty horses from the outfitting stables of Fred Brewster, arc
being used on the' trip. This ia thr
largess party whicli hat- left the
Lodge thia year, and tba first party
of Japanese Alpinists to tackle
some at the untried fields of the i
Caimdian-Rbtkies.    (.n.
the party is shown ready ior the
start from' the Brewster ranch
Left to rightr-R Okabe, M *Ha-
tano, Y. Mita, S. Hashimoto, Y
Maki, F^red Brewster, Outfitter; H.
Fuhrer, J. Webber, H. Kohlati
Swim Guides,
l- THE SUN: GRAND FORKS, BBTHBH COLUMBIA
in in
Thiere is a large Spanish-speaking
world today, conmparable in a wa;
to tho Engllsh-sptaking world. Bir
unlike the latter the Spanish-speak
ing region is not to a considerble extent under the wing of a mother
country, but is divided among'more
than a score of independent nations
The great empire (of (Spain—the
most extensive that up to that time
had existed—was based chlefley on
'■ papal bull. Soon after Columbus
sailed west to America and Vasco da
Oama sailed eaat into the (Indian
ocean, the bull was Issued dividing
,, the world (approximately south of
the Pillars (ot Hercules into two
realms, and giving Portugal a mon-
' opoly of exploration to the east and
Spain a monopoly to the west. The
dividing (line was fixed 37 degrees
"west and south" of the Azores and
Cape Verde islands, so that it ran
east ot the West Indies and roughly
cut Brazil trom the South American
continent. All the rest of the new
world was left vaguely to Spain,
Spanish explorers    and   adventurers
, pourtd westward on the heels of. Columbus, and had soon staked out for
Spain all of the West Indies, most of
South America, and large areas in
the southern part of North America.
The flrst settlement was established at the end of the fifteenth century
Ib iHUpanlola, the present Island of
Santo Domingo. Then in the first
decade of the sixteenth century'settlements were started or attempted
in rapid succession in Jamaica, Porto Rico and Cuba. Suoh widely separated regions as the Isthmus of Panama, Florida, and the coast of Argentina were reached ln 1513. In the
aame year Balboa crossed the isthmus, waded into the Pacific and
made that classically sweeping claim
In- the name of the king of Spain. To
that sovereign, he proclaimed, belonged, as a result of his wading party, the entire ocean and all land
which its waters touched.
In 1619 Magellan (though a Portuguese) was sent out by Spain to traverse the newly discovered ocean.
Finally he reached the Philippines,
which by str.ct interpretation lay
within Portugal's "mandate." However, with the comforting philosophy
that east was west if you arrived
tbere by sailing westward, Spain
claimed this large group of islands,
and 35 yeara later established Settlements there.
In the meantime Spanish power
was growing rapidly ln the new
world. The conquest of -Mexico was
In 1519. Panama City was founded
the aame yearand became a starting
point -for expeditions north and south
along the shores of the Paciflo. Peru
was invaded in 1532 and Chile came
at least partly under control shortly
after. The California coast was explored in 15*2 and land expeditions
went about tiie same time into regions that are now New.. Mexico,
Texaa, Arizona and even Colorado.
Settlements had previously been established in Venezuela and Colombia
on the Caribbean coast of South
America.
By 1680 the Suanish possessions
were'at there greatest In Europe
they included in addition to Spain Itself, tihe Lower Countries, Naples,
Milan, Sicily and Sardinia and the
Canary islands; in the new world,
the West indies, most ot South Amer
tea, all of Central America, and the
southern part ot North America, even
inoludlng large areas now in the United (Staes; in Africa, small settlement* on the north coast; and in the
Bast, the Philippines and sundry
amall islands of the Paciflo.
Today there! exist between 90,000,-
000 and 100,000,000 people 'whose native language is Spanish. * The Spanish-speaking world, therefore, has
roughly half as many members as the
English-speaking world.. The area
of   thia   cultural   remainder of the
Spanish empire is roundly 5,z00,000
square miles.- The region Btill in al
!egiiance to the Spanish language
hus covers about one-eleventh Of
'he land area of the earth and em-
■races about one twentieth of the
'earth's population.
In setting out to explore this Spanish world, the logical starting point
is Spain Itself, the fountainhead of
the influence which deeply affected
a large slice of the earth!; and ejual-
ly ideally the direction of the journey Is west. On- the west coast of
Africa two patches of territory are
encountered where the Spanish flag
as well as Spanish Influences rest.
Off shore are the Canary islands.
There the Spanish flagi is left behind
The next bit of the Spanish world
encountered lies in the new world.
It:ls Uruguay, smallest republic of
South America, where the children ot
Spain are carrying on the culture of
tihe mother country. Beyond, eight
other countries—all those of South
America save Portuguese Brazil and
British, French, and Dutch'Guiana-
fall, too, under the bannier of Spanish culture. -
In the West Indies there have been
defections. Trinidad and" the Leeward and Windward Islands.although
once all claimed by Spain, have lost
or never felt Spanish culture. Over
Porto iRlco the flag of the United
States flies; but it is still a part of
the Spanish world. Spain is dominant in blood, traditions and language. In old Hispanlola, where the
Spanish seed was flrst planted in the
new world, the eastern half of the
island still shows strongly the Spanish impress. This is the Dominican
republic, where language and law are
still Spanish. But in the western
half of the Island, covered by the
Republc ofHaiti, Spanish culture, succumbed to that of France and Africa.
Jamaica, once a stronghold of
Spain, has long been dominated by
British culture; and the Bahamas,
claimed by Spain, have known only
British influences. Cuba has been
independent ot Spanish political
power since 1898, bpt is still culturally a part of Spain—the most Spanish of West Indian islands.
Through the Isthmus of Panama,
Central America and 'Mexico, Spanish cultural influences sweep unbroken as they have for the past
three centuries or more. Florida
shows little effect of her former
Spanish ownership save in a few architectural touches and a tew geographic names, Texas; too, was lost
to Spain, but the effects there are
greater; and in many a community
near the Rio Grande, the Spanish
language is almost as. necessary as
the English. In Arizona and Calii-
fornia, once udder Spanish influence,
the situation is much like that of
Texas.
But one American state stands on
a different- tooting.' New Mexico has
'barely passed the point at which its
English-speaking ;. infuences weigh
more heavily than its Spanish factors
Only a few years ago it could have
been listed as a part of the Spanish
world. Then Its legislature was conducted ln Spanish or in the two
tongues; and Spanish was the current language on the street and
range and farm.
Continuing westward, one finds no
further traces of Spain's world-wide
empire until he reaches the Philippines. There, in spite ot the mixture of blood, Spanih culture took
firm hold, at least in the non-Mohammedan country. Spanish customs,
laws and architecture will no doubt
color life ln the Philippines for many
yeara to coma.
Titles,  Nothing  More
Again the question of titles for
Canadians is' being {(discussed. There
is no reason why a man who considers a title would add lustre to his
name, and who has not ability to
otherwise become promlinent, and
has the cash to inves, should not purchase a title if his wife insists on
being called "lady." The rag baby
is just as important to the poor child
as the squaking expensive doll is to
the rich one. To the real woman her
home and babies are more important
than a man-made distinction, and to
the he-man a purchasable title is the
disgusting emblem ot a toady and
cad. The man-made title was excusable when people 'believed fn "divine
night." Now it is a joke handed
down from a barbarous age. The
idea fs ridiculous that a man could
make a gentleman out ot a crook he
had never seen or a statesman out
of an idiot. By all means give titles
to all the crooks, idiots, toadies and
bounders in Canada if they have the
purchase price; or is the title huckstering run oh the Installment plan.
Titles will not add to their consequence among Canadians, but some
of them may emulate the frog that
tried to be as large as a cow.—New
Denver Record. <
GOODWILL DAY
IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS,
Truth is mighty, but a great deal
of it is suppressed.
How often the greatest talent lurks
ln obscurity.—Plautus.
CERTAIN TUBER BORNE DISEASES WHICH SHOULD BE ELIMINATED FROM SEED POTATOE8
INTENDED FOR APPROACHING
SEASON'S   PLANTING
Severe and careful grading ot potatoes intended for, seed and the discarding of all abnormal tubers during cutting operations is not only
commendable, but absolutely essential, il the maximum return from the
crop   is to be expected.
It is extremely fortunate that the
majority of diseases which attack the
potatoes, de reasing if not entirely
ruining the crop, manifest themselves in the tubers before planting
time. Therefore, removal of . this
source of contamination Insures the
crop to a remarkable degree.
Before cutting the seed run the
seed over a hand rack and remove
all tubers that may be off-type or under three ounces ln weight; all chowing black s urf and anything showing brown neft-otic lesions on the
surface or rot of any kind, no matter how slight. Even during careful
gra'ding certain diseased tubers will
pass by unnoticed; therefore unless
the greatest care is taken the object
will  be defeated.
Upon the ompletion of judicious
grading there is still another step.
There are many .internal abnormal!-
ttse, such as glack heart.stem and
browning or internal necrosis, which
can only be observed after the tuber
is cut Under no circumstances
should sets exhibiting these ondi-
tions be planted.
How many farmers would raise
diseased and of Interior type or plant
progeny from animals known to be
grain harvested from badly smutted
fields and expect to be recompensed
tor their efforts? Then why expect
so much from a potato? Show a little foresight Tou can't expect to
sell all your marketable stock and
keep the seconds for your own planting' without paying the penalty, As
long as a set, when planted, has an
eye, that is all some people think is
necessary to se ure satisfactory returns. The laws of nature cannot be
disputed; a man can harvest only
what he plants. If only carefully selected seed ls used for -planting the
resulting crop will more than compensate for the labor expended.
Many dairymen consider buckwheat
middlings equal to gluten feed for
'milk production;. They have about
the same total feed value as wheat
bran,
To keep the loafer hens from eating up the profits why not eat up the
loafer hens?
Goodwill day is observed ln the
schools of many istrlcts of the
world on May 18 ot each year, commemorating the first Hague pea e
treaty. British Columbia has observed Goodwill day the past two
years, through the efforts of the Provincial Parent-Teacher Federation,
which have been approved by the
department of education. I
This year the program is being
prepared by a committee of the British Columbia Teachers' Federation,
working in cooperation with the
Goodwill ommittee of the Parent-
Teacher Federation. The program
will consist ot suggestions, lists of
books, pictures, etc., from which
principalh and teachers may prepare-
their own program. There will be,
for example, a paragraph on arbitration, showing what Canada can do
for pea e ln this way. Details of the
program will be publlshe ln the
April number of the British Colum-
blaTeacher,  the  teachers'  magazine.
Each year the program has contained a practical feature, as well as
theory. In 1925 this took the form
of a Goodwill society of which the
children be ame members. As a result, 32,000 hchool children's signatures were sent to be deposited in
the Hague peace palace. This
brought much favorable notice to
British Columbia, not only on this
continent, but ln Europe.
This year the practi al feature is
a unique one—a doll dressing contest
for girls, and a boat making contest
for boys—dolls and boats to repre-
stnt the various nations of the wolld.
These are to be sent to the Goodwill
secretary by May 10, and on May 18-
21 an International Doll and Boat
Festival will be held in the David
Spencer store, Vancouver, where all
the entries' will be on exhibit and
will be judged. ,
Mr. Kyle, superintendent of technical education, will be ona ot the
judges of the boats, and Miss M -
Lenigon, provincial supervisor ot
mome economics, will be one. of the
judges of the dolls. The prize list
will be excellent, as already a number of prizes have been promised.
It is hoped that the rural schools
and those of the interior will join
heartily in the contests. The schools
have been classified in the contest
rules, so that |he smaller s hools will
not- be competing with the-larger
ones. 1 |
One way to save labor is to put it
on the best land.
A farm' Inventory is the flrst step
in keeping farm accounts. On the
average farm it requires about one-
a day to take it.
The term unit as applied to fertil-
i ers means l per cent or 20 pounds
in a ton.
The road through the land of poor
soils leads to unoontfortble homes.
Cleanliness is next to coolness in
keeping food in a refrigerator from
spoiling.
Star boarders should get the gate
—can the hen that won't lay.
Ephraim had put on a clean collar
and his best coat, and was walking
majestically up and down the street.
"A en't you working today, Ehp-
raim?" asked (one of his acquaintances.
"No, suh. I'c'se celebratin* my
golden weddln', suh."
"You were married 60 (years ago
today "
"Yes, suh." (
"Well, why Isn't your wife helping
you to celebrate it,"
"My present wife,    suh,'"   replier
Eph aim, with   dignity,   "ain't   got
nothin'   to   do   with   it   She's   de
I fo'iJh."
f Beauty
r-sWnt ticASa, fcUwi
ll ia iK most Mitt shsd-s'ol Ducts
—Uw massive fun-crown lenders, Ike smsrt
bullet-type limps, tin, newlv-o-tslgned
rsdiator—tbe host of mechanical refit},
men's, including AC oil-filter ud AC -if.
dsuer—the powerful, sasooth ud
responsive Ch-rvrolet en,lne—sll ol these
coolrlbuis to Ike deep, abtdlng lose ol
tatWectlon which ths tinier of lbe Most
Bea-ttliul Chevrolet -aperleiicts.
All thlt you -rut in t moderttely-prlced
car, Chevrolet -rives you tt NEW, LOWER
PRICES, Ihe lowest Ior which Chevrolet
has ever beea told In Ctntdt ... tad no
other car at or Bear the price csn -rive
you all the tdvutaies which mike the
Most Beautilul Chevrolet the outstanding
ssUt-nobile -scsUeveiMnt oi tht yew.
IPowe*     I
Smoothness?
Economy
Comfort   J   /Aau
NEW LOWER PRICES
Coach -
Sedsn ■
Cabriolet
Roadster - 1655.00
Touring - 655.00
Coupe - • 780.00
Ludau Sedsn - -
Roadster Deliver)* • -
Commercial Chassis - -
Utility Express Chassis •
Prices et'Pactory, Othm.
Cms-maw*-   rt-tsi  Exit*.
$760.00
865.00
190.00
930.00
651.00
490.00
«>■«>„ ,.
cfiili
til Chevrolet
evrokt History  g^      J.R.Mooyl>oer       Grand Forks Garage
Grand Fork*-, B.C. Pentioton, B.C.
DO YOU WANT
THE PEOPLE
TO READ YOUR
ADVERTISEMENT
People take The" Sun
because they believe
it is worth the price we
charge for it. It is
therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents, including
advertisments. This
is not -always the case
wifh newspapers that
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
WE DO NOT
WANT CHARITY
ADVERTISING-
Advertising "to help
the editor." But we do
want businessadvertis-
ing by progressive business men who, know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If you have something to offer the public that will [benefit
them and you as well,
the newspaper reaches
more people than a bill
board
SUN READERS
KNOW WHAT
THEY WANT
and if you have the
goods you can do business with them By VktuTofMerlP
THE SUN: GRAND FOBKS, BB1TI8H COLUMBIA
i     i    m- i-m-^a*^e***^**ams^*am~2s*m—^a^^m*^^^s>*mi   I  '	
received  application    forms    should' ment nv. *** tr
apply    to    any  proving asses.or I Zse ZltZ^J*"1™-
government  agent,  proving  police,'mint's OliveS^f^^"1-
„0w..v,     y. v.x-.XXl     pUUCe
officer, or to tbe commissioner ot income  tax, Victoria,
Full details regarding subsequent
and otber information will bo supplied to eacb person wltb bis certificate of registration.
JLiKm*M%
ia the outstanding leader in Canada.
NEWS WM CITY
While reports of considerable damage to fruit crop prospects from the
heavy frosts  during the  early    part
of the present week come from the
•Okanagan and other districts in this
province,    as     well   as   from   Wenatehee and  Yakime in  Washington,
thfe valley escaped without   any   injury    to    the   crop iprospects.   This |
was due to the fact, the ranchers say,
that   practically   no   stone    fruit is
grown Vtte, and other kinds of fruit
trees   are   not yet   far   enough advanced to be acected by a frost, and
although we had  12 degrees oi frost
one   night,   no   authenticated   case
of damage caused by the cold    snap
in the valley has been reported.
CARD OF THANKS
We wish to tender our heartful
thanks to the people of Grand Forks
generally for many kindnesses extended to us during the illness ot our
late wife and sister, and also for tbe
kind expressions of symvathy at her
subsequent deatb.
R.  J. GARDNER.
MRS.  ALFRED  STEERS.
MRS. h . ALMSTROM.
THE
CHEAPEST   DRINK    IN  THE
WORLD
Wiiith the exception of water, tea is
the cheapest and most widely consumed drink in the world. As a drink
it is good when mado from good tea,
but is a terrible disappointment if
cheap tea is used.
P. C Ridpj*.Tb and P. L. Huffman,
t*t*r*o fining men of Spokane, were in
the city on Monday. On Tuesday
they went over to Danville to examine the Lucille Dreyfus mine. If
tho inspection ot the property proves
satisfactory, they intend to put o
force of men to work in the mine at
once.
IMr. and Mrs. B. Logan and Mrs.
Gibson, ofTraii, were in the city on
Wednesday, having accompanied the
remains here of the late Mr. Weller,
who was buried in Evergreen cemetery. Mr. Wellel was an old-timer of
Grand Forks, having worked at the
Granby smelter for ten or fifteen
years ln the early days of the city.
S. <B. Hamilton, registrar of voters
for the Grand Forks-Greenwood
electoral district, will hold a court
of revision at the court house in this
city on Tuesday, May 17, at 10:30
o'clock in the forenoon.
Miss  McGregor,  field  secretary  of
the    United    ohurch home missions,
addressed an audience in ti
church on Monday evening.
IR, J. Gardner left on Tuesday
morning for Coeur d'Alene, where he
will svend a fortnight's vacation at
the home of his brother-in-law.
Business Men
iiirt Secure
Certificates
Under the provisions  of the provincial tax on gross income, enacted
at the recent session of the legislature,  every  person  engaged  in any
trade,  business or profehsion  within
the province is required to obtain a
certificate   of  registration  from   the
commissioner  of  income   tax   before
April  30.   ThiB  apiplies  to  everyone
who maintains a place  of business
(no matter how large or how hmall),
or who carries on  trade of any description, or who lis engaged in any
business  enterprise,  or    who    practices  any profession;   but  does  not
include persons connected therewith
who are working for wages, or who
are employed on a salary basis.
The fact that taxation returns are
already being made does not agect
onurcn nome missions,   the "ability to register.   The penalty
audience in the United   -or   Sailing   to   obtain  a certificate
.„.,...   within   the  stated   time  is   $10 for
each day during which the default
continues.
Applications should be mailed to
tihe provincial assessor for the district.   Those who have not already
Importance of
Stores in Spring
The   most    critical    period for a
colony of bees is during   the   early
months   of spring," for lt is at this
time that the colony is weakest   tn
numbers, the bees lowest in vitality
and  the food supply running short.
Furthermore, it ls during this period
that the greatest   amount of   brood
must be reared if the colony is to become  a profitable  money producer.
During the winter months, bees need
stores for the prolongation    of life
chiefly , but   in   the spring food is
needed ti feed the oncoming generations.   Broil  rearing  usually    strata
during   the month of March in outdoor   wintered   colonies and during
April in cellar wintered colonies, and
from then on the c onsumption   ofi
stores increases very rapidly. It has
been   estimated   that   one comb of
stores    (six   pounds) is required to
produce a comb of brood, and it requires      approximately      seventeen
comibs of brood to produce a   force
of 100,000 bees, which represents a
real strong colony,   it is quite   «p-|
parent   then   that food is an tmpor-'
tant factor during the spring brood
rearing  period.   The  early    sources
of nectar supply a certain proportion
of food re uired, but these   sources
are entirely lnadequatefor the maintenance   of the colony even though
weather conditions are Ideal for nectar secretion and  gathering;   therefore, a certain amount must be supplied  by the beekeeper.   No colony-
should have less than fifteen pounds'
of available stores within the colony
at any time during this period.   Any
shortage of stores will cause a reduction in the amount of brood reared,
and the latter will cease altogether
long before starvation point is reached.   The best food for bees during
Acreage south of the present irrigated distriait around Oliver ls to
get water from the government irrigation system to promote new settlement and development The pur-pose
of this extension of irrigation faculties ls to make available for settlement special areas which are desired
by prospective buyers.
The sale possibilities will govern
the extent of tiie new work.for which
1100,000 has been set aside in the
lands department's annual financial
program.
It is better to build a boy right
than to depend on your ability to
mend him later.
THE J. R. WATKIN8 CO.
Wants a stead, reliable and Indus
trious man ln the   following   district:   Rossland,     Grand     Forks
north to Keremeos, to
RETAIL  WATKINS QUALITY
PRODUCTS
"MADE  IN  CANADA"
Established in    1868, the    oldest
and largest company of its   kind
fn the world;manufacturers of 175
different food  products, flavoring
extracts,    spices,    toilet  articles,
soaps   and    cleansers, household
remedies and disinfectants.
WATKINS   QUALITY PRODUCTS
SOLD DIRECT TO CONSUMERS
and IN DEMAND EVERYWHERE
A splendid opportunity to get into
a permanent and profitable   business  of your   own and one that
will give you a steady -income 12
months of the year.   For (ull particulars write
THE J. IR. WATKINS COMPANY
Dept. A., Vancouver, B. C.       |
GetYour
Groceries
at the
CITY GROCERY
-*-**--- ^^Xt-mitmW-llt**
E. C. Henniger Co.
Groin* Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime nnd Salt
Ccrieist and Plaster
Poultry Supplies
Grand  Forks, B. C.
"GOVBBNMBNT ELECTIONS ACT"
Grand ForkB-Gr<**BS-voo"i Electoral
lKalrict
NOTICB la hereby -riven that I shall, on
MOM-AY, the 16th day of MAY, 1W7, al
the hour of 10 o'clock lis the forenoon, at the
Court-house.Greeuwuod, hold a sitting of the
Court of Revi'lots lur tue purpose uf revising the List of Voters for th...l" KU».— i
 „   ..~*   .ui    uees   uuring
the   spring, of course,  is  honey,  but, "winei. ana  oi Bearing  and dctermiiiinf
_. ..,    , , „ .,      - any aud all objections to the retention ol
Where   this  is   not     available,     SUgar  any name  on tho ssld List, or to the Regis-
^^^^^^^^-^^^    tratton aa a Vsstssr of .*. .t.t.ti...... *— —
vsussrc or nevis-ioa tor tue purpose uf revising the List of Voters for thesaid Bleotoral
District, and of hearing and determining
any aud all obleetlnn. t-. *-*• —.—  „7
,„„„„„   ,„,,,   ,    .   » ,, ., I any aud all objections to the retention ol
wnere tnis is not available, sugar any name on tho said List, or to the Regis-
syniD should hn irl vnn Kono. t**A ' 'ration as a Voter of any applicant for regic-
•syn-p "noma ue given. -Never leed, tratlon; and lor the other purposes set forth
the    bees    honey   front     unknown I'" the "Provincial Klectione Act."
the bees honey front unknown
sources, as disease may be introduced by doing so.—C. B. Qooder-
ham,   Dominidn  Apiarist
GOVERNMENT TO OPEN MORE
LAND  IN OLIVER  DISTRICT
New areas will be brought within
the scope of the government's South
Okanagan irrigation scheme un er
plans formulated by the land depart
Hu. iw use miser purpose
.    Provincial -flections Act.'"
An adjourned sitting of the Court of Revision will be held at the Court-h ou«e,Grand
Porka,at 10:30 o'clock Iti the forenoon, on
TUH8IMY. MAY 17th, 1W7.
Dated at Greenwood, B. C„ this lith day of
April, 1927.
B. B. HAMILTON,
Registrar of Voters,
Orand Forka-Grcenwood Klectoral Dlatriet.
s
B^ffVBig Iadian Pow Ww a QM^
DONALDSON
GROCERY
PIlOMtO
Try our Special Tea
at    65c per lb
QShoes, Shirts, Overalls
Good values for your
money.
Call and see Jus before
purchasing.
JOHN DONALDSON
General Merchant
Tne Stoney Indians, who live near
Banff, Alberta, in the Canadian
Rockies, believe in the oltl adage:
"All work and uo play makes Chief
Jack a dull boy," or words to that effect   Consequently, when they leave
tbeir Moriey   Re-erve   In   July for
their annual   Pow   Wow, at   Banff,
tbey put on for two or iihree days ono i
ofthe most colorful and unique sp-c- >
taoles seen in North America. Headed by such noted chlcfii *■" jtfoo*e-
killer, otherwise Peter Wor'.oy, who
art-Ill has Queen Victoria's treaty flag;
HOreefoot, Hector Crawler, medicine
man,*    Walking     Buffalo,     Johnnie
Bearepaw,   David   Bearspaw,   Green
HUte and Spotted Easte, they parade
eaoh mornln-* throuyli thc streets of
Banff and to tho courtyard   of   tho
Banff 8prtlngs Hotel, re.;plendant in
gorgeous   trappings   of   bead-work
ermine tails and eagle feathers. The
 ***** •*". <:ilKlu Tcatncrs. Tlie    •■■jn
"Kfl-awa and bucks have on more war I dians.
paint than a Broadway flapper, and
even the horses are painted.
Tiny papooses are carried in moss
bags on their mother's backs, or on
the old travoise, and their little, shining faces seein to reflect the happl-
nes- of all these "people of the
woods" in being back again in the
mountains which they loved to roam.
Those Indians are thrifty. Some of
them have r~nehes in tho foothills
of the Canatilr.n Rockies; they out
and export wood; the squaws do
beautiful bead-work, which they
sell; the trap-lines yield valuable
furs; and, on the whole, the Stoneys
ara the most capable and businesslike  of the  Western Canadian
I        GBAND FORKS
Transfer Co.
DAVIS dHa4NSBN, Prop.
•City Baggage and General
Transfer
Wood and
for Sale
Tribal sports, bow and arrow contests, pony races, tepee pitching in
the   shorter:   time,   squaw   races,
wrestling on horseback   by   tracks,
borse racing contests by young Indians and -many other events, equally
interesting, are staged dally in tbe
Elk Pasture near Buffalo Park, ln
a lovely meadow -surrounded by mile-
high mountains. The tepees are pitched along the si-las of a vast rectangle
and many are painted in fantastic
designs, lending a dash of color to
the scene.   Meals are cooked in tn.e
open, squaws carry wood and waiter
while little children romp and pier
around the tepees.   Is tho evenings,
the Indians dance in a circle to the
music of tom-toms   and   sing   tbt
weird songs which their ancestors
have sung   for   centuries   on   the
  . ..-,. auug    ror   centuries   Ott   the
In-1 shores of near-by Lake Mlnnewanka,
lthe "Spirit Water" of the Stoneys.
iHobby1
is
IGood
Printing
TIIE value of wcll-
I printed, neat ap
pearing stationery as
„ a means of getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Con-
Suit us before going
else whore.
Wedding invitations
Bail programs
Business cards
Visiting cards
Sh';*- ing tags
Letterheads
Statements
Noteheads
Pamphlets
Price lists
. Envelopes
^Billheads
Circulars
Dodgers
Posters
Menus
New Type
Latest Style
Faces
SYNOPSIS OF
LANDAGTAMENOMENTS
PRE-EMPTIONS
Vacant unre.erved,surveyed Crown lands
may ba pr *• empted br Brld li subjects -tae
IS years of axe, am) by alieu-on declaring
iuieisiloii to become Hrltl.li subjects, ooo dl-
tlotial upou ratllonns. occupation and Improvement for au-riouliarti I purposes-
Pull information concerning; re'iilatlona,
regarding pre aiuuilun" Is iri veil io  BllllMla
No. x, Uin I Sa-ies, "ilosv to fia-et-ui Land."
copies ol whieh cau be obtained freo of cbis-ge.
by  addressing the D iwirtineni  of Lands,
Victoria. B.C.. or any <*overumeiil Atrent.
Kaeords will bu made covering only land
suitable for agricultural purposes, and wblcb -..
la uot timberland. 1 a,, carrylsig over 5.1-00
board feat liar aora west of tue (losses Kange
and 8 UOD feel per Hum tait of tliat rang*.'
^Applications fur p-o-ei»ptlons are to -t.
adslressed tv -he Land Commissioner ot tb*
Laud Record In* Division, in wblcb lbe land
applied for la sltuated.auil are made oa
printed forms, copies of csu   be obtaluad
from tbe Laud Commissioner.* .....
Pre-emptions must be u-cupied for flv*e
yea ran od liuprovom'siits mads In value of II'
per aere, luclullut- olj.uin^ and oiiltiratlu^
at least ttae acres, beiore a Crown Urant eaa
be received.
For aora detailed nir irinanun seethe Bulletin '-How to i're-euiin Laud." -—.'
UM        PURCHASE);
sfAppllcatlousare re'elve-1 for purchase  of
vaeeiit and unreserved Crown Lands,aot bo-.-
inir timberland, fur agricultural purposes:
minimum price of Hr*t-ola.« (arable) laud la
tfs par acre, uud Kecoiid-claas (araaiuc) laud
ti.Stl pet aere.   Kur.lier Information regard- .
lug purchase or leisse of Crown lands ie -riven ■
iu Bulletin Nu. (tt, Limd Series. "Puichase and
Leaae of Crowu Lunds.',
Mill, factor)', or ludss|>trlnl sites on timber
land, not exceeding 40 aeres, may ba purchased or leased, ou oouditloiit Including
payment of-tiimjiatre.. *""*-"
THE
Colon, bU Arenue and
UbSlMt
TELEPHONE
B101
:HOME8ITE LEASE8X"~~**l
Uusurveycd araaa. not exceeding 10 acres,
may be leased as boiaeslles,eon<-|ljoilal upon'
a dwelling being e ected lu lhe brat year,
title being obtainable -sifter residence and
Improvement conditions tre fulBlled and land
hae bean surveyed.
LEASES
for graaing and Industrial purposes areas
oot exceeding M0 acrea way be Issued by one
person or aauntpauy.
n GRAZING.
I'ude- the   Graaing Act  Ihe   Province to
divided Into graaing districts and Iha mag*
administered     under    a   Sraxlng   Commissioner.   Auusial   rraatug   permits    ara
Issued bated on numbers ranged, priority being glveu le  established owners.     Stoek
ownera may form associations- far  rang*
management. Free, or partially free, permits .
are   available* for   aetttor., -saaapers and
travellers up to ten band. •—
kTs-cheer
Wholesale and Retail
TOBACCONIST
•altar in    .
Havana Cigars, Pipes
Confectionery
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand Forks. B. C
A. E. MCDOUGAIL
; COMTBACTOR'ANOBUILDER;
Aft-Mlt
lfuminion Monumental Worka 0
fQx**Srbeattm ProdiicCa Co. Booto-i'M
IZ3 ; SB
.-mESTIMATES nWHSIEfe -J--*
10X33? - ORAM FORKS, B. C
PICTURES
—(Yale Barber Shop
Rasor Honing a Specialty
*'AYA?;*?ARa' ^oPrietor
YAUiHortt, Fibct -isiun
ANO PICTURE FRAMIN8
Furniture Made to Order.
-   Also Repairing p» _n fiind v
Upholstering Neatly Doiiij
B. C. McCCTCHEON

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