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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Nov 11, 1927

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 There are two sides to every question-your side and the wrong side
B. C. APPLES WIN
MANY PRIZES AT
IMPERIAL SHOW
BRITISH COLUMBIA apples won
flrst prizes In six of the seven
classes in which it was possible tor them to enter at the Imperial
Fruit Show in London. Of these
seven, which were all those offered
for Apples In boxes, the Associated
Growers with tbelr entries won six
firsts and five seconds. In the other
class, the Associated did not enter,
but the Occidental Fruit Company,
Limited, did, and they won second
pUl^e.
' Astonishing as this record Is, what
It generally regarded as thel premier
event of the show, was captured by
Nova Scotia, This was the agents
general cup. There ls a new ruling
along with the ntlw trophy this year
under-which.the new cup is given to
the province which wins the highest
t-ggregate of points, four points being'awarded for first place, three for
sitcond, and two for third, and one
uoint for each exhibit which scores
76 per cent of possible. British Columbia can never again win this prize
unless the rules are altered, for
eight of thel fifteen classes are for applet ln bc'rrels, and no British Columbia apples are packed in barrels.
However, the Associated Growers
having won permanent possession of
the agiints general cup which was
' formerly awarded with the British
empire championship for the best of
the cooking and dessert c|pples, must
rest content So long as entries from
this province) practically sweep the
boards in all classes ln which they
ntay enter, no one will complain.
.Following is the record, the Associated drawers with two entries in
each of the sax classes won: vrst and
second ln Mcintosh; first and selcond
ln Jonathan; first and second ln
Spitzenberg; first and second in
Newtowns; and with Delicious flrst
In any other variety. In Snow apples, the other ibox class, the Associated did not compete. Thei Occidental
'Fruit Company, Limited, of Kelowna,
Penticton and Summerland did, and
won second place. To Quebec went
the honors in this clcfes; the Occidental also won four third prizes with
Mcintosh, Jonathan, Spitzclnberg and
■.Newtown. Through winning seven
firsts, tight seconds, and five thirds,
Nova Scotia captured the honors for
the aggregate score.
Though the Nova Scotia winnings
ware in the bcjrrel apple classes.they
also entered the box events. It Ib
altogether likely that the province
down by thel Atlantic ocean will con
tlnue to win the agents general cup
under the new conditions.
' Charles W. Little, of Vernon, who
assembled the fruit and under whose.
persontH supervision it was packed
in Penticton, left Vernon last week
for Montreal, where thei Associated
Growers ls m-aking a bag display at
the fair, .November 10 to 15. The only
event at the show ln which they can
compete under thel rules is with 20
boxes of Macs. Last year there were'
no classes tor box apples, so that the
one event is a distinct advancev
However, the Importance ot the show
ls the opportunity for presenilation
of a display, and iMr. 'Little will be
able to put on a good one.
From 'Montreal, Mr. Little goes to
Toronto, to the Royal Winter Fair,
which follows hsjjrd on the heels of
the Mkratrel show. At the Royal,
the Associated will have 30 entries
ln competitive classee and in addition will make a very fine display ol
all the best commercial varieties. At
thit thow, the Occidental Fruit Com'
ptmy, Limited, plans to show 70 en
tries.
Beiore leaving Penticton, where
the displays were assembled and
packed, Mr. Little prepared the dis
play for the Winter iFalr at Vancou
ver, which comes on December. 7 to
10. He hopes to return trom the east
in time to take change at the coast.
Mr. Little givesc reddt for thet success achieved at the various shows
to his assistants, Miss Agnes Little,
of Vernon, and Miss Winnie Few-
trel, of Penticton,
Regarding the, assembling ot the
entries and displays, Mr. Little states
this he)s been the most difficult ofthe
eight .years he hat been ln charge.
Tha varieties of red apples were generally1 off color. For once the yellow
apples were at their .best. The task
of selection and (lacking wat com
menced ajbout the mdddlei of Septem-
iber and was not finished until the
end of October.
James Lowe of Oyama was one of
ttie few Britlsho Columbia fruit growers who tent aa eahibit of applet to
JMm    t~^Ana kettle Valley orchardist
TWENTY-SEVENTH YE
eI!r—:
No  2
-*,*.
"Tell m« whu you Know la tra»
1 csn lus-as •• well .1 yoo."
FRIDAY. NOVEMBER 11, 1927
the Imperial show. He was iiward-
ed a third prize. The Miktow Orchards, Coldstream, also sent an entry,
and another was sent by a grower at
Duncan on Vanvouver -island.
THE PRAIRIE
FRUIT MARKET
By J. A. Grant
Markets   Commissioner   for
Provinces
Prairie
CATJQARY, Nov. 7.—Clouds overcast the sky thds morninv and
a slight flurry of snow fell. It
is cold enough to prevent thawing
and threshshing is going apace. Over
7'5 per cent of thet Alberta crop is
now threshed and Saskatchewan ls
ahead of this, with Manitoba almost
finished. (Money is beginning to
loosen up and a bright outlook for tiie
winter  months seems assured.
Business is good. Department
stores are having record-breaking
crowds attending their harvest sales.
The perishable produce market is
about normal ln relation to goods
moving out. Merchants at city and
country points are stocking heavily
for their winter needs.
The anxiety on the part of wholesalers, in 'buying now, is greatly removed through thel assurance of the
commmittee of direction that winter
apples cannot be bought at a lower
price than is now quoted.
Eastern exchanges report a better
potato crop than was at flrst anticipate Id. There ls a good crop on the
prairies where potato growing is
featured. 'British Columbia potatoes
of best quality will be about the only
kind that will be ln demand on the
prairies, at leust until the market is
fully developed, or in spring. Fair
prices should rule in-general, as the
east will absorb all the western sur-
'plus.
Six cars of British Columbia potatoes arrived dn Calgary during this
week, one of them toeing a oar of
Netted Gems, Canada A, from Windermere. jtThe jobber handling these
remarked: "Just as good as the sample." They are selling wholesale at
11.90 to $2 persa ck.
Celery from the coast is not holding up well, and quotations from Van
couver, for this season, do not interest dealers.
The market on hardy vegetables
is over-supplied with local grown
Btug. This applies to all p-r-airie
points.
'F. M. Black, chairman ot the committee of direction, will be in Calgary next Tuesday. R. W. McDonald, . of Armstrong, ls a visitor here
this welek. He reports that produce
is fairly well cleaned up dn the Okanagan, onions and celery being the
exception.
The fancy apples displayed ln Calgary are all from British Columbia.
They are large sized, well colored,
and c|re giving the trade satisfaction.
IMPROVING BRITISH
COLUMBIA FLOCKS
The experimental sta ion at Invermere, B, C, ls carrying on extensive
work ln poultry raising. White Leghorns are exclusively bred. The projects mentioned particularly ln tho
1926 report of the superintendent, R.
O. Nqw on, gives as the principal projects pedigree breeding, hatching,
rearing, experimental feeding, housing and management. The poultry
area ls so arranged as to give young
chicks fresh ground each year. In
this way dt is expected that worm
Infection and diseases will ibe kept
well under con roi. All the pullets
and hdns are trt:|p-nested, Individual
records of each being kept.r Fo identity marks both leg and wing bands
are used, and records are kept of the
weights of each hen's eggs. By carei-
ful attention to madng, using only
selected males, the laying qualities
of the flock are being built up. This
report, which is distributed by the
publications branch of the department ot agriculture at Ottawa, states
that here is u, fair demand for setting eggs and breeding cockerels,
which are distributed at reasonable
prices throughout the territory
.served by the s ation. ,
t^Spanisho7Wain Sugar Duties
Dyspepsia is the parent ot many
disagreeable qualities.
SUN'S WEEKLY TRAVELOGUE
THE 'Spanish Main" Is famll ar
To the earo of everyone who has
every read.l a pirate story; but
just what it it? Few expressions In
English literature have riven rise to
moro confusion. Appl ed originally,
it appear, to the waters of the Caribbean sea and that part of the Atlantic ocean traversed by the treasure
hhips of Sptfln, it gradualyy included
the adjacent ciasts of the clntinent,
until, with most modern writers, it
'has come to mean th s alone, and
"sailing the Spanish Main," forsooth,
will hereafter be an anachronism
until such time as airships shall have
become popular In Caribbean countries. But let us use the term ln its
or ginal sense as applying to the sea
only—tot_ he "golden tropic sea,"
which, deserted by the galleons, bereft of its romance and its mystery,
deserves, surely, to retain .its memories and its ancient glorious mime.
The coast has its historic memories as well—this tar-famed costst of
Tierra Fdrme which Columbus declared to be the site of the earthly
paradise, "the most beatutlful (lands)
In the world and very populous."
Strung along the coasts washed by
the, Spanish Main are quaint towns
worthy of investigation by tourists.
Cumana, or New Toledo, aB wets formerly called, has the dist nction of
being the first European settlement
■in Venezuela, and with the exception
of a supposed settlement by the Portuguese upon the Amazon, the first1
on the continent. Gonsalez Ooampo,
who founded it, was preceded just one
year by Cortes ln Mexico, amd it was
ten years later that Plzarro set out
for Peru.
Cumana today is. a humdrum city
of about 10,000 Inhabitants, the cap-
tal of the stfcite of Bermudez, and an
important port in the 'Orient," as
the eastern states of Venezuela are
called. It certainly presents a sorry
contrast to the town of a century ago,
then the dndependent capitail of a
large province ( or rather two, on important eccletsiastlcalc enter, and
ranking easily first among all the
clt es of the coast in the culture and
intelligence ot its inhabttlnts.
Cumana is as yet almost unknown
to the traveler; but some day the
tourist tidii will set in, and noto niy
the city tiself, but the delightful hill
country of the Interior, as well as the
neighbiborlng towns of Barcelona—
which, like Cumana, web the scene of
many stirring events during thei war
of independence—and Carupano, noted for dts trade in agricultural products and for Its incomparable rum—
all, no doubt, will in time be "stopped
oved" eft and duly photographed.
"So, westward-ho they ran," writes
Kingsley ot the' good ship Rose, as
she 'skirted the coast between Cape
Codera and La Guelra, "beneath the
mighty northern wall, the highest
cliff on earth, some seven thousand
feet of rock parted from the sea 'by a
narrow strip of bright, green* lowland
Here and there a patch of sugarcane
or a knot ot coconut trees, close to
the water's edge, reminded them that
they were ln the tropics; but above,
all was savafce, rough and bare as an
Alpine precipice. Sometimes deep
clefts allowed the southern sun to
pour a blaze* of light down to the sea
marge, and gave glimpses far above
the stately trees lining the glens, and
of tt veil of perpetual mist which
shrouded the inner summits, whiltt
up and down, between them and the
mountain side, white, fleecy clouds,
hung motionless ln the burning air,
increasing the Impression of vastness
and of solemn rest, which was already  overpowering."
And so, Indeed, as Kingsley so vividly pictures them, do these mighty
cliffs appear; and one kerns with regret that the talented novelist could
never have beheld their awful grandeur, he who alone, perhaps, haB done
justice to the scene. Inaccuracies.to
be sure, have crept into the description, end as the steamer approaches
from the northh the traveler may
fall, through a mdsjudgmient of distance, to appreciate the magnitude of
the greenish-thrown mass before him;
but presently he spies something to
measure with, a cluster of buildings,
a little toy city, which he is told is
La Gua/irai while apparently but a
ttonci's throw away lies Macuto, the
well-known watering place. Then,
perhaps, though almost too late—for
the ship haB a schedule to maintain
—does the full impressiveness of the
scene burst upon his awakened
senses; and lf there yet he time, let
him gaze intently before him, for the
view entirely changes when h e lands
and not until he ls oncci more on
board and the vessel well in the offing can the noble' proportions of the
'Sllla" again be appreciated.
La Guaira, for all its fame, or rather notoriety, is a city of but 14,000 inhabitants, or about two?thlrds the
size of Bangor, Maine; /but even this
seems an overestimate when one
climbs the hillside and looks down
upon its jumbled mass of dark-red
roofs, with a thin line running east
and west along the shore and ashort
spur following a cle-ft in the otherwise impossible barrier 'behind it.
Prominent at the water front are the
market, the large custom house—
practically the raison d'etre of the
city, the inevitable plaza, and the
shore batteries.
Here, also, is the terminus of the
Lei Guadra and Caracas railway, and
jutting out from the shore/ a distance
of 2000 feet or more ls the famous
breakwater, which has done so much
to increase the trallic of the port.
La Guaira can boast of several
churches (one t\ rather imposing
structure), a bull ring, a large theater, and a diminutive fort, the latter
perched high above lt, like the turret
of a battleship, and provided with tho
same armament as the shore battery.
To one side, but below this fort.stand
the ruins of the old governor's castle,
whera the "Rose of Torridge" dwelt.
! La Guaira was founded in 15Sj,
two years before the ancient city of
St. Augustine in Florida, and. aaa!
shalred the usual vicissitudes of the
Spanish settlements upon the coast,
having been repeatedly attacked by
pirates and  foreign fleets.
Maraoaibo is coupled with Cumana
Etnd LaGuaira, though not truly of
the Spanish Main. Maracaibo is situated upon the lake, of the same name,
or rather upon the strait connecting
the lake with the outer gulf. Like La
Gualira and Puerto Cabello, it has
excellent steamer communications
with Curacao and New York. Maracaibo should long since have been
one of the most important iports in
lies a vaftt lowland region, rich in all
inanneir of tropical products and only
rendered inaccessible in places by
the very profusion of its wealth.
In recent years the city has come
into its own through the the development of a great oil field adjoining the
lave and even beneath it. The population has increased to more than
00,000.
.Furthermore, Maracaibo ds the port
of a considerable section of Colombia, and nearly till of the coffee that
'bears Its name comes either from
across the boundary or from theVen-
cBuelan Cordillera region south and
east of the lake.
There is the hum o fcommerce nt
Maracaibo. Ocean vessels come and
i;o and fleets of sailing craft ply to
various towns upon the lake, as will
as to up-river ports. It Is a oity that
can boast of electric light, tramway
lines, telephones, telegraphs, ty submarine cable, a spendid theater, a
luglslatlve  palace,  seven  churches.
By R. J. Deachman
GARDENING REAL 8PORT
There can be fetw flrst golfers, but
to any owner of a 50-foot lot may he
given the skill nnd good fortune necessary to grow the finest vegetables
in thel neighborhood.
And the neighborhood in which esteem ls awarded to the best gardener, rather than the best golfer, need
make no apologies for its social standards. They are sound and will be
lasting.
As a) sport gardening Is superior to
golf on every count It is butter for
the health, especially in the case of
elderly persons. In Its intellectual
and esthetic dejmands, it is incomparably superior.
SHE KNEW
Grandma (observinb ber grandchild
looking at a mirror, In mild rebuke to
the little girl's mother)—I know
some one Who is very v-a-i-n.
'Mammal's Darling—I know what
v-a-i-n spells.   It spells pretty.
OTTAWA,  Nov.  7.—W.  M.  Thrasher, secretary   of thei   United
| Farmers of Saskatchewan.made
j application for reduction of the duty
. on sugar. It waB a private appldca-
I tion—at least it was not signed by
I the United Farmers of Saskatchewan
but by Mr. Thrasher personally.. The
sugar refiners and certain financial
papers in the east are very apgry.
Personally, I see no cause for their
ire. If sugar refiners desire to
charge the people of Canada 60 to 60
cents a hundred extra for sugar and
put the sa/id 50 or 60 cents in their
own pockets and succeed dn having
a law passed which permits them in
do that sort of thing, there is no reason why Mr. Thrasher, or Mr. Smith
or Mr. Jones or myself or somew o-
man who wants cheaper sugar, or
any other ordinary mortal should not
try to prevent them from doings o
by having a law repealed or amend
ed. Anyway, Mr. Thrasher did ask
for a reduction—I had the pleasure
of handling the cajse before the tariff
board. Now let us examine some of
the facts. There wdll be no guesswork, either. Every figure will be
taken either from thel statements of
the refiners themselves or from official figures.
What It Costs
We refined in Canada for domestic
use in thet year 1926, 760,667,545 lbs
of sugar. We imported approximately 30,500,000 pounds. As a rough
figure to hold in your memory, you
are not tar out when you say we consume in Canada, 800,000,000 pounds
ot sugar a year.
The refiners in the brie/ they submitted bUbwud thai Canadian prices
in 1926 ranged from 55 cents to 68
cents per hundred pounds above
American prices. The current quotations as I write show Canadian
prices 46 cents to 55 cents a hundred
higher than American prices. We
would be safe in taking 60 cents a|s a
fair difference over a period of time,
but let us take 50 cents as the additional price. Multiply that by our
sugar consumption and you have
$4,000,000 as the sum we pay ajbove
American prices for our sugar.
What We Get
In 1925 the total wages paid by all
tha refiners of Canadian sugar
amounted to $2,897,109. Now don't
go too ft-|st, please. That is total
wages paid and includes wages paid
for refining the sugar exported. Exports that year were not large—y00,-
000,000 pounds, but deduct the cost ot
running this and we reduce by 1-8
the amount paid to Canadian labor
for refining sugar for Canadian consumption, leaving net wages at $2,-
533,000 as wages paid by Cunadian
refiners. Salaries amounted to $931,
000. Salaries in this bustiness are
very high in proportion to wages
Managers in the business get good
pay. Add salaries and wages and we
get roughly $3,460,000. The conclusion ot the whole matter is very simple. We nay in extra prices of sugar
at least $4,000,000 dn order to protect
an industry which pays In salaries
and wages loss ihajn $3,500,000. There
ls no guess-work in this argument;
the HguroB are the figures ot the re
liners.
Other Factors
In answer to this, the refiners tell
us that other costs must be taken Into consideration., We .have .colder
weather In Canada. So they tell ut.
Then why tax sugar, which it a heat-
forming food? Surely sugar refiners
do not suffer from the cold any more
than other people. They say that
other raw materials used cost a pile
of money. True, but they are very
careful to Oiave other raw materials
used—tilde from sugar—on the free
list.
The whole pi-olem narrows down
to this one point. Is it economically
profitable to encourage Industries ln
Canada wh n th? Canadian people
must pay i.i the prices changed for
the commodity produced, a sugar
charge over worl.l prices of more
than the entire wages paid in the industry? In other words, will we
keep Canadians at homei by taxing
them more than they earn apd giving
the taxes to our milllonadres
What does it cost?   How does it
PRIME MINISTER
OTTAWA, Nov. 8.—The significance of the year 1927 dn the
history of Canada; the wisdom
and foresight of the fathers of confederation; -j parallel between the
provincial delegations prior and lending up o the union of the provinces
and the present conference, and a
broadly optlmlstico utlook for the future, were the elements compounded
dn the addresses of the prime minister aud the premiers ot he provinces
delivered tonight at a banquet tendered tbem by the canaldian club
here. Rt. *Hon. W. L. Mackenzie
King was present with the premiers
of Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, British Columbia and
Prince Edward Island, while New
Brunswick, Nova Scotia* and Alberts
weire represented by cabinet ministers. The year 1927, said the prime
minister, would go down ln history,
and the conference of ministers was
one of the memorable eveints of a
noble year. He doubted lt many appreciated how Canada hafd come to
be so great a country in such a short
space of time.
Premier King outlined the events
previous to the union of 1867, pointing out the influence of the 'Maritime
provinces in directing the attention
of statesmen to the possibilities of
union. Step by skip he 'pictured the
conferences and the final confederation of the original four provinces.
The prime minister traced the uoliti-
oal history ot Canada, showing its
expansion in the admission of British
Columbia and Manitoba, and the creation and entry of Sapkatchewan and
Alberta. Jt was in 1905 that the
prairie provinces joined the undon,
so that in effect the Dominion ot Canada was really 22 years old. Who,
asked the prime minister, in surveying the country's aphlevements.could
doubt the future of Sanada when it
was humanly possible to express In
terms of living personalities, the
growth of the Dominion? What
woulu' happen in the next generation? he asked.
NO TO  BE CONSOLED
Little Katherine was crying, not
for for anything in particular, but for
everythinb in veneral. Her mother,
trying to divert her attention, said:
"Oh, look at that pretty horse tied
out there!"
But Katherine took it as one more
grievance in life, saydng: "I want
that horse to be a| mule."
figure out in Saskatchewan, taking
that as a typical province merely ber
cause the application came from
there. We consume 800,000,000 or
roughly 80 pounds of sugar per head
of population. The added price.tak-
ing 50 cents a hundred as the basis,
ds 40 cents for every man, woman and
child in Saskatchewan At 40 cents,
with a total population of 821,042, we
have a tax in that province of $328,-
416.80—on the rural population alone
lt amounts to $231,390.40. Should
these people by law be compelled to
ptf this tax—not to tho federal revenues, but to our sugar refiners? Imagine, If you will, an average wctstern
rural family of five. After paying
all the expenses of the year, the head
of the family sticks his hand In his
pocket and pulls out $2—which he
lujntis to our sugar r< liners. If this
wcro the only outfit assessing the
farmer it might be let pass, but there
are dtintlreds of others.
That in a nutshell Is Ihe problem.
That Is what tariffs in this country
urn doing. They are made to make
the rich richer at tho expense of the
poor. We wero told by lhe sugar re-
liners that sugar prices have made
ii smalli r -itlvance than other prices
since pre-war days. That may bo
quite true, but THE SUGAR REFINERS ARE STILL GETTING THEIR
SHARE. All this assertion means
Is that sugar growers are not getting
fair prices. It does not Imply that
refiners get less for their services.
Growers generally are in the same
position all over the world. It Is reflected In Saskatchewan aB well as
In Cuba. It Is not a special argument in the sugar case.
Well, what should be done about
It? We give the refiners now ap-
proxlmately$4,000,000—let's cut dt to
$1,000,000. The good Oanadlrm public may continue to shell out a cool
million and do tt with good heart it
it feels so .Inclined—but will It continue to do so? The sugar refiners
think that It will. We shall wait and
see—wait and hopo—hope that lt
won't! 3th? (grant, f nrku §mt
THE SUN: GBAND FOBKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
C. A. EVANS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
SUBSCRIPTION RATES—PAYABLE IN ADVANCE
One Tear (in Canada and Qreat Britain) SI.OO
One Year (in the United States)     1.50
Addresr -" —'cations to
•iThi* Grand Sorkj Son
Phonr 101 Gbasd Fobks, B C
OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVENUE AND LAKE STREET.
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1927
Notes • Notions • Notables
THAT  tin,  the  metal   with  which   most  metallic  food
containers are lined, has absolutely no egect on the;
human body ls the II nil ing of Drs. K. W. Schwartze and
W. F. Clarke, chemists of the department of agriculture.
Selecting asparagus  ami  pumpkin as  two kinds  of preserved food which might lie expected to enter into chemical union with  the tin lining of the cans ln which they
had been preserved for long periods, these Investigators
were   unable   to   demonstrate   the   slightest   unfavorable
effects of the stored vegetables when  they were fed  to
guinea  pigs.   Further,   they  administered   the   metal  dn
two grar.i lots, more tl»an all the tin on several large
cans, to human beings over a period of five days.   By
the   most refined analytical methods they could find no
trace of tin in the blood stream, indicating nonei had been
absorbed by the body.   Other experts In the same labor
atory are at work determining tbe effect on steel cans
lined with enamel instead of with tin coating.
the De. Beauforts, his own ancesters, or the Nevilles, the
ancestors of wife, both of these families using the white
greyhound as a family badge. In 1628 his son, Henry
Bill, used the supporters to the royal arms thei golden
lion on the sinister, whdle the red dragon of Wales.which
his father had used on the dexter, hej relegated to the
sinister side. These supporters continued in use until
the accession (in 1603) of James VI Scotland -as Jamee 1
of England. James kept the golden lion on the dexter,
but changed the red dragon of Wales on the sinister to
the unicorn, as in the royal arms of Scotland—an emblem of purity.
DOMESTIC breeds of horses existed in Europe from
prehistoric times. The flrst mention of the British
horse occurs in "Caesar." Though used extensively in
warfare and other purs-alts, agriculture seems to have
been the flrst use to which horses were| put. The earliest suggestion that that horses were used in agriculture
is derived from a pic-Ce of Bayeux tapestry where the
is represented as drawing a harrow.
WHEN Robert Burns, the Scottish plowboy, was breaking the soil on his father's farm, he probably did not
think that shoes he then wore would be oOijclcts of curiosity 3000 miles away long after his death. But the
shoes that great poet wore when a ladare ownefd by a
gentleman who lives in Portland, Maine, and many of
the boys of that city have inspected them. Thel shoes
have wooden soles, which in turn are shod with than
plates of iron. The uppers are tacked to the soles in a
rude but strong manner, and lliho historic footgear is
ln a good state of (preservation.
THE theater was a new institution in the social life of
Shakeseartts oth and the first playhouse built ln England was not a dozen years old when the great poet arrived in London.   The Middle ages had gratified its love
of mimicry by miracle plays, which developed Into moralities and interludes.   The middle of the sixteenth century Latin and Greek plays were eruibly imitated in English, but of poetic, literary, romantic, intellectual drama
England knew practically nothing until Shakespeare was
of Age.   "Here," it seems he must have said, "is a a land I
Just discovered—I  shall   be   the   leader  of  its   explora-1
Mon."   A youny man of twenty-two, ibut burdened with
a wife and three childrcp, he had left his home in his
native town about 1586 to seek his fortune in the great
city.  /He had few friends and no money.   Tbough mis
ambition was to be an actor and to write his own plays
he sought and won a job as call-boy at one of the newly
founded tbeatersd and was  only after some delay- promoted  to  humble  duties  on  the  stage  itself.   He  tried
his hand At the revision of an old play, and the manager, recognizing the youth's gift, aided him on hds climlb.
But for seven or eight years he worked in obscurity and
it was not until his "Romeo and Juliet" was produced
that he was hailsjd as the prophet of a new world of art.
AN indent Syrian custom which is sometimes observed
tiven at the present time ds the assumption by t.
newly married couple of a royal status. On the village
threshing floor ie placed a throne on which they are
seated dally for seven days, during which time song;
and hymns ln their honor are sung and poems recited
in praise of their beauty, etc. Some leading Biblical
scholars have divided the Song of Solomon into stiver,
sonnets or idylls, which would furnish one for each day
of the "king's week."
TASTES, runs the saying, flaunts no dollar sign. "One
can spend a million dollars and have a hideous home,
and vice| versa, one can spend but a few dollars anti
achieve good taste in tbe home with simplicity. Taste
is more than a question ofe ducatlon. It is more than
a question of breeding. Some few have- it to to begin
with, more achieve dt and ag reat mass of people have
it thrust upon them, fortunately. We say fortunately,
for tbe majority of home owners are content to let those
wbo have taste design and decorate thedr homes for them.
Tl e Spice of Life
ANGUS KNEW
The London newspapers like to tell
funny stories about the countrymen
from the north of Scotland, who come
down to enjoy the sights of the great
city; and the Spots are too fond of a
Joke themselves to mind It Here Is
one from Sunbeams:'
Two Highlanders were on a visit
to London .when .a .watering ..cart
passed them. Donald was very much
excited and shouted at the top of his
voice, "Hey, mon! Yer losln' all yer
watter."
Angus turned to Donald and said,
'Hoots, mon I Dlnna show yer ignorance.. That's |ust .tae keep the
bairns   frae hlngln' on behind."
THE boss had been growling all morning because there
were no pencils on the desk. After breaking the
only one left he started for the supply department and
came back with twelve. He was wearing a green shade
over his eyes. At that moment. At that moment an elderly woman entered and pressed a coin in his unwilling palm. .Noting his astonishment, shel remarked In
a kindly tone: "I don't want a pencil, but I always
help the blind."
WHILE two gay spirits were giving an unusually hair-
raising display of acrobatics at a recent flying pageant, and to She lay eye seemed to be,' trying their best,
with the aid of some five hundred or so of horsepower,
to tear the wings og their frail steeds of sticks and canvas, a solemn voice came through a loudspeaker: "Would
spectators be good enough to refrain from the highly
dangerous plactice of standing on their seats."
BUNKERED!
Two men were discussing golf
courses in general and i| little nine-
hole course in particular. Eventually the conversation turned to a certain 18-hole course.
"I always think," said one, "that
the little nine-hole course is far more
difficult than the 18-holei course."
"Well, one would expect it to be
so,'' exclaimed a friend who did not
play golf.
"Why?" asked the two men simultaneously. ,
"It is obviously easier to get a llttlei ball Into one of the holes when
there are 18. It would be twice as
hard when there are only nine."
Proved safe by millions and prescribed by physicians for
Lumbago      Colds      Neuritis        Neuralgia
Headache      Pain       Toothache    Rheumatism
DOES NOT AFFECT THE HEART
THE natural bridge is in Rockbridge county, Virginia.
It was left by the collapse of the remainder of. the
roof of a tunnel form-Id by water percolating through a
joint or vssure athwart the stream. The tunnel thus
formed was gradually enlarged until all the water of the
stream was diverted from the) stream bed below the joint
of ingress, leaving a bridge. It bas a span of 90 feet
and is from 50 to 100 feet wide.
rHE old-fashioned man who went out to look for work
became the (parent dn quest of a job, who in turn sired
a young sheik "willing to accept a position ogering suitable proiaise /ot early advance-ment commensurate with
the cultured qualification of the applicant."
THE Siberian sledgal dogs, which are reported to be
vey efficient in spite of the fact that many of them
are on th<< verge of starvation from time to time, do not
(bark as do domesticated dogs. They have a manner of
howling something akin to the wolf. In the summer
time they subsist on frozen fish, but dn winter they are
hard put to it to get enough to eat.
I yeVSW letters as a medium for written and printed
*-*   text will be used hereafter in schools of Turkey instead of the Turkish alphabet, a modified form of tho
Arabic, according to a recent decision of the Turkish
government.
A N interesting fact concerning the personnel of the
•*"*■ Permont legislature! Ib that it includes a brother and
sdster, the first instance of the sort. Added Interest lies
in the fact that they are second cousins ot President
Coolidge). They are D. P. Brown of Plymouth and Mrs.
Blalnche Brown Bryant of Springfield
A FORMER judge who lived In retirement in Sydney,
Australia, made* provision in hds will for the creation of a trust for the payment of dowries of about $50
to couples who qualified as follows: "They must be
long-headed, not broad-headed; their hair must be blonde,
their e|es blue or gray, and their skin white; they must
lbe physically healthy, the man at least five feet seven
end one-half inches high and the woman five fet,t four
inches." If ac hild of these parents haB several of the
same qualifications it recelvo"s $25 on becoming one year
old, and another %'.:, when it is flvo.
ANY child of school ago is perfectly able to help with
the ordinury household, such as sweeping apd run-
iking the, vacuum cleaner, dusting, washing dishes, making beds and assisting wilh the cooking, lf any mother
doubts this, let her select one of these tusks and assign
It to seven-year-old son or daughter. To be stirn, neither
one may achieve perfection of effort, but they are employed on constructive; lalbor and ure learning to share
responsibility. r_.
TJ Y a naw process devised by an English scientist, fruit
a* can be kept perfectly fresh for several months by
coating it with a harmless liquid. The taste of the fruit
is not Impaired. Fresh eggs were painteld with this solution Hnd kept for fourteen weeks. They were then
placed in an incubator and chicks hatched from all of
themt. ^ •
Poems From EasternLands
CHINA
THE French language was used extensively In Europe
In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. The French
literature was greatly developed and spread throughout
the various countries, and persons of culture studied
the language in order to be able to read the literature.
Many foroign students were attracted to the University
Of Paris, and this also helped to spread the language.
As a language for treaties and foreign intercourse
among nations, French became general in the time of
Louis XIV.
WtHiILE the harp Is a Welsh national Instrument, it Is
not rcicognlzed as the national emblem. The national emblem for Wales is the red dragon of Cadwalla-
der, the last of the Welsh kings. This emblem had a
place In the royal arms of Great firilain ns a supporter
in thil reign of King Henry VII, 'but that king, toward
the end of his reign, changed the supporters, which were
the two white lions of March, to the Welsh dragon on
the dexter »:d,l, with the while greyhound on the sinister.   The   latter   emblem   was   representative   of   either
DILIGENCE OF THE YOUNG  WIFE OF AN  OFFICER
She gathers faBt the large duckweed,
IFrom valley streams that southward flows;
And for ttie pondweed to the pools
Left on the plains by floods she goes.
The plants, when closed "her toll, she puts
I baskets round and baskets square.
Thenm home she hies to cook her spoil,
'In pans and tripods ready there.
In sacred chamber this she sets,
^ IWhere thei light falls down through the wall.
'Tis she, our lord's young reverent wife,
Who manages, this service all.
—From The Shi-King.
o4ncient History"
(COMPILED PROM TWENTY-YEAR OLD SUN FILES.)
At the annual meeting of the Patbvndeir Mining company, held in this city last Monday, the following officers
were elected: President, W. K. C. Manly; vice-president,
G. H. Rutherford; treasurer, R. F. Petrie; board of directors, Dr. C. M. Kingston, Thomas Newby and A. W.
Fraser. It is the present Intention of the company to
resume development on the property next spring.
POST-FACTO POST CARDS
The acme of preparation wae attained by a woman whom the Boston
Herald telle about She had gone to
a hospital to undergo an operation.
Before the surgeon arrived she asked
for two post cards, addressed them
both to her husband and asked the
nurse to mail the one It was hest to
mall the next day.
The nurse glanced at the cards and
saw that one of them read as follows:
"My deer husband: .1 have had the
operation and am doing nicely.   Will
be home iii a week or two."
On the other card was written:
"My dear husband: .1 have had the
operation and am sorry to tell you
that I did not survive."
_______ I
CON8IDERATE j
The artist had agreed to paint the
portrait of a| beautiful young girl in
her very becoming lavender evening
gown. j
The girl's mother decided, as she'
thought the matter over at home.that'
sbe would prefer to havq her d-aughh
ter wear a yellow dress.
A few days later the portrait paint
er received a message ovetr the telephone from the young girl: "Mother
thinks I'd better wear my yellow
dress and hopes you haven't bought
thei pain yet!"
TABLE CHATTER
The gentle art of conversation ls
almost dead, comments a| continental
madame whose salons once echoed
the babel of many tongues. She com
plains that loud jazz which drowns
out talk, the dee(p concentration required by bridge and mah-jongg and
cross-word puzzles, the lack of vocal
exercise as one listens to the radio
have turned the trick.
Now all that remains is for a scion
tist to discover that our entire vocal
apparatus is ossifying.
THE CANDID CHILD
It was the smbll girl's birthday,and
as a pffesent her aunt in the country
sent her a pincushion..."Now,  darl
■W ^.wlj* -r*Q _r.*^^AccePt o"ly "Bayer" padcage
■ f-t-Mw}****^      which contains proven directions.
£      y*^y Handy "Bayer" boxes of 12 tablet*
>• * Also bottles of 24 and 100—Druggists,
aiplrln Is the trade mark (Kf*-rtH*tl In Canada) ot Bam Manufacture of HoswaeeHe-
•cldester of SatleyUeacId (Acetyl Salterlie Acid, "A. S. A."). Wbile lt la -mil taw-Hi
-,,t Aapirln means Barer manufacture, to assist tbe public against Imitations, tb* Tablet*
ot Bayer Oompauj wlU be atampsd wttb tbelr |Ueral trade mark, tbe "Bayer On*,-"
CITY REAL  ESTATE
FOR SALE
Amplications (or immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by thc City, within the
Municipality, arc invited.
Prices j--From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Termsi—Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may bc seen at the
CityfOnice.
JOHN St. HUTTON.
City Clerk.
. 'you . must
13. Lequime, the sawmill man, has let a contract to
Joseph Wlsejnan for taking out one million feet of'sawlogs during the coming winter. The logs will be cut
about fifteen miles up the North Fork on the Holfcman
ranch,
The full battery of eight furnces is now in operation
at thn Granhy smelter. The ore and coke supply is reported to, be ample.
Ing,"  eald her .mother,
write and thank auntie."
So the child obediently sat down
and wrote the following: "Dear
Auntie—Thank you for your present
I have always wanted ■ pincushion
but not very much."
ADVERTISING
"What is the Idea of that old fellow's taking the road warning sign,
'CURVE,' and sticking lt up In his
front yard?" asked a motor tourist in
thei Ozarks.
"I reckon likely he wtints to get his
oldest daughter married og," replied
Jig Fiddlin of Clapboard Springs.
"What in the world has the word
'curve' to do with it "
"I reckon you hain't seen the shapei
of his—p'tu—oldest gal, have you?"
TRYING  HARD TO  PLEA8E
Louisa, the colored kitchen maid,
was from the country, but she was
energetic and learned fast. Parto f
her duties was to water the fern and
chebige the water in the goldfish
bowl. Her mistress asked her on the
second day: "Did you remember to
empty tho water under the refrigerator?" "Yes, ma'am, I emptied it and
put in fresh water."
Sometimes the informality
of the spoken word
is more effective   .
than a letter.
"LONG DISTANCE, PLEASE"
British   Columbia Telephone
Company
l!llllll!!IIIIIIIII
IMPROVING BABY
Edison, with all his inventlons.says
the Hardware Age, was a piker as
compared with the ambitious young
photographer who advertised: "Your
baby, if you havej. can be enlarged
tinted and framed tor 98.72."
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
and cafes a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year THE SUN: GBAND FORKS, BBITISH COLUMBIA
H. A. BROWN,
whose appointment as Vice-President antf General Manager of
General Motors of Canada, at the
age of 37, marks him as one of the
youngest higher executives in the.
-automotive Industry. Mr. Brown
has been connected with the General Motors organization for a
number of years, having held the
position of comptroller at Oshawa
since September, 1924. He succeeds Gordon Lefebvre, who has
assumed an important post with
the Oakland Motor Car Comrmy
, at Pontiac, Michigan.
has appended periodically under one
name or another. «
In 1908 the United States dcip-irt-
ment of agriculture began an extensive Investigation of this wheat.whlch
invcstlgtltion continued | for several-
years. In the meantime it has been
tried by farmers fill over the United
States, but it is not now grown anywhere as a commercial crop. The
fact that it nas never become established in spite of the remn-rkable advertising it has received Is a good
Indication of Its inferiority. Promoters, however, resurrect it periodically and, owing to Its striking and
unusual appnarance, manage to Bell
it to the unsuspecting farmer at ex-
orbltt/nt prices.
Tiie essential facts concerning
Alaska wheat have been summed up
very nicely In a bullcrtin published
by the United States department of
agriculture—Bulletin No. SB7, 1916,
P. 27—at the conclusion of extensive
tests conducted at many points in the
United States, <|a follows:
1. That it has been used in this
country very often as a means of deceiving people and very seldom aB a
farm crop.
2. That it has    failed to   produce
! even fair yields when tried ln many
par'3 of the country, and has never
j boea known to produce extraordinary
yields.
3. That it ls not a   good   milling
wheat.
4. That the branched head is not
a sign of superior yielding power.
Miracle Wheat
Again
By L. H. Newman, Dominion
Cerealist
THERE has appeared recently ln
a number of leading agricultural papers an article entitled
"King Tut's Wheat Grown in the
West." The article refers to certain
results obtained by a' soldiers ettler
living neiar Edmonton,Alta.,and gives
the impression that the wheat in
question was discovered in 1922 in
the tomb of King Tut-ahkh-ametn. As'
b\ ■ matter of fact the records show |
that this wheat was know aB far back
•a 1840, when one enterprising gentleman ofered heads at $5 each.
- The abovQ variety belogs to the
Poulard subspecies of wheat, being
somewhat intermediate between the
common and durum wheats. It has
numerous aliases, tho most common
of which are Egyptian, Eldorado,
Many-headed, Miracle, Mummy.Seven
hes-ded and Alaska. It has always
been easy to interest people) in this
wheat owing to its branched head.
If an unbranched head will yield so
much surely a branched head will
yield much morei! While head for
head this may bet rue, yet experiments have 'not shown theft it holds
good acre for acre. This wheat was
probably introduced Into North Amer
lea from Europe or Egypt in colonial
days. It was received by the Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture in 1807, since which time it
WHY HE FEARED FOR HER
"William," said Mrs. Peckem.stern-
ly, "did you ever stop to think that
some one might steal me; when you
are away from me?"
"Well," t-nswered Mr. Peckem,
thoughtfully, "I was rather alarmed
when a horse thief was prowling ln
the neighborhood last week."
Mrs. Peckem stiffened up haughtily
"A borse thief, did you say, William?'
"Yes, my dear. I heard he carried off two or three nags from this
district."
A propeller drlvt-n by compressed
air from tanks and to be strapped
ajbout the body was recently invented
as an aid to teaching swimmin g.
CLIMBING THE MONARCH OF THE ROCKIES   [
MOUNT ROBSON, 13,068 feet
high and the queen of   the
Canadian Rockies, was scaled
Teral times  during  the annual
camp of the Alpine Club, at Berg
Lake. The Tumbling Glacier (left)
on the north side of Mt. Robson, is
the only true tumbling glacier
known to exist in  the  Canadian
Rockies. On the right is seen a
party of climbers making their
way over the ice-field on their way
to Robson's towering summit.—
C.N.R. Photos.
ONE OF NATURE'S WONDERS
Tha Devil's Potholes
MALIGNE CANTON, in Jasper
National Park, is one of the
natural wonders of the entire
Rocky Mountain region. A vast
cleft in the solid rock, reaching a
depth of some 200 feet, and so narrow in places tbat ona may step
across it easily, draws from the
tourist expressions of awe and
wonder at the power of accumulated f %ttks of water.
TumbMag headlong down the
narrow gorge goes the Maligne
River, mysterious as to its source
and for part of its length a subterranean abeam, on its way to
Join the quieter waters of the
Athabasca far below. At times on
ita passage through tbe narrow
gorge, it tumbles more than one
hundred feet in a sheer drop, its
eddies being churned to foam as
tha waters beat a tattoo   againat
Entrance to Cave, Maligne Canyon
the rocky sides of the canyon on
their downward leap.
From the footbridges which span
the narrow gash in the solid rock,
tourists watch entranced the effect of the waters on the rocky
sides. Here and there, seemingly
tired of the effort to stand upright
through the centuries, the sides of
the gorge appear to have leaned
toward one another, until an intervening rock cast itself into the narrow space and held the walls apart.
Trunks of trees and jutting rocks
form footbridges across the chasm
a hundred feet below the tourists'
feet, as tbey stand admiring the
glint of the noon-day sun npon the
falling water.
Maligne Canyon is a mecca for
visitors to Jasper Park Lodge, the
splendid log-cabin hostelry of the
Canadian National Railways, and
rightly so, for there are few na
tural rock formations to equal in
interest those found in the canyon
The Devil's Potholes, curious indentations in the solid rock over
which the Maligne River flowed before the Canyon was worn to its
present depth, are holes worn deep
in the surface rock by the action.
of swirling flood waters, when a
large stone has been whirled round
and round in an untiring circle
until the stone itself was worn
small and round, and deep circular
holes have been ground into the
surface of the rock, remaining as
mute testimony to the power of
rust, ing waters.
Maligne Canyon, while one of the
most wonderful formations to be
found in the Rocky Mountains, is
but one of the many natural attractions of Jasper National Park
In addition there are the snowcapped peaks on every side; the
glaciers of Mount Edith Cavell and
The Canyon in Winter
the mountains surrounding Maligne Lake, the Hoodoos of the
Cavell motor .highway and hundreds of others. Wild animal life
is abundant, and the calm peace of
the out-of-doors is assured to the
tired holiday-seeker.
And in addition to the natural
beauties of the Park, a commodious
log cabin bungalow hotel; with excellent cuisine and alt the comforts
of the modern city hotel, providea
a starting point from which parties
may radiate by motor or pack-
horse or afoot to travel by motor
road or pack trail into the' v#
heart of the wilderness. lt was
the ddttion of the comforts and
conveniences of Jasper Park Lodge
to the beauties of Jasper National
Park which caused one noted
American traveller to exclaim: "At
last. I have found thc place, where
God and man go fifty-fifty ta
produce perfection."
WINTER   REGULATIONS   FOR
RITISH   COLUMBIA   HIGHWAYS
ANNOUNCED   IN   VICTORIA
VICTORIA. Oct 29.—.Strict regulations designed to protect British
Columbia highways from damage
have been put into effect by the public works department for the winter.
They govern ln detail the weight of
all vehicles which mu*y use the highways of the provtince during the winter season and also the size of tires
which will be allowed.
For this purpose the highways are1
divided Into three classes: First,'
highways construueted entirely nf
concrete or with a concrete; base; sec!
ond, highways constructed of water-
bound macfiidam or bituminous bound
stone or gravel, and third, all other,1
highways.
On highways of the flrst class the!
maximum gross weight allowed dur-1
ing the winter Is 20,000 pounds; on j
the second class, 14,000 pound.*, and
on th0 third class, 10,000 pounds.
The width of tires to be used for
heavier vehicles like trucks ls set out
ln eyhaustive detail for vntrious
weights and on the three/ classes of
highways.
Unless altered liy special order.the
winter season on the highways will
continue until April 14 next.
LARRY VEREGNIN  TO AGAIN
RESUME  DUTIES WITH
BRILLIANT COLONY
Larry W. Veregin, who was for a
number of years secretary of the
Christian Community of Universal
Brotherhood at Brilliant, apd tor the
last year residiqg in Rossland with
hds family, left last week by motor
for Brilliant to take over his former
position which he held under the late
Peter Veregin.
Mr. Vcfegln's family will remain
ln Rossland for some time, his children attending the public school in
that city.
TWO   MINUTES'   SILENCE
8UGGE8TED FOR NOV. 11
OTTAWA.—The following emnouuee-
ment was issued by the prime minister here, with respect ?to Armistice
day observance.
"In accordance with Armistice day
obsernance, sanctioned by his majesty the king, the people of Canada are
-invited to mark the occasion by a,
two minutes' silence at ll o'clock on
Friday morning, November 11, 1927.
This is a special observation suggested by his majesty, and Is in addition to the regular celebration of the
date as recognized by the Canadian
parliament for the Monday previous."
OO YOU WANT
THE PEOPLE
TO READ YOUR
ADVERTISEMENT
People take The" Sun
because they [|believe
it is worth the price we
charge] for it. It is
therefore reason able to
suppose that they read
its contents, including
advertisraents. This
is not always the case
wifh newspapers that
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
WE DO NOT
WANT CHARITY
ADVERTISING-
Advertising "to help
the editor." But we do
want businessadvertis-
ing by progressive business men who know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If you have something to offer the public that will u benefit
them and you as well,
the newspaper reaches
more people than a bill
board
NREADERS
)W WHAT
TMEY WANT
.and if you have the
goods you c-"n do business with them "-*■     THB SUN: GEAND POEKS, BEITISH COLUMBIA
Unvarying Quality
"SALADA"
TKat is why people insist o~* Salada.
Storing
Equipment
IHINIS Ffifl MOTORNew w* .
Varieties
THE CITY
iMIss Cwynnlc Stilmon, a popular
graduate nurse who has been employed at the Grand Forks hospital
for a considerable time, was married
at Midway last Monday to William
A. Spencer, of Ferry, Wtfth. Mr.
Spencer, who is a vetiran of the
World war, has been connected with
the American immigration ser vico
at Ferry for thei 'past three years. He
is a graduate of an extern college.
iMr. and Mrs. Spencer left shortl after
the ceremony for California, where
Mr. ISpencar will take a three years'
divinity course at Stanford university with the intention of entering
the ministry. Dr. and Mrs. Kingston
of this city attended the wedding.
The Hecki Mining company, of
Wallace, Idaho, who are now operating the Union and Maple Leaf prop
ertles in Franklin camp, have pur
chased some supplies' in the city and
sent them up to the camp this wetik
A number of men, who yill leave for
the c[|mp next week, have also been
engagiH here. Mrs. Kirk has been
engaged as cook for the camp during
the winter months.
W. J. Evans, of the Boundary Iron
Works, is i( patient in the Grand
Forks hospital this week, suffering
from a disabled arm.
T. A. Taggart returned from Van
couvcir last Saturday. His sister,
Mrs. Win. Cooper, and hery oung son
accompanied him to this city.
The weather is still undecided
whether to turn into winter, spring,
summer, or fall  conditions.
Miss Ivy Brown, of Christina lake
left for Vancouver (yesterday. She
will sail for New Zoalaland on the
1st of December.
TheLegion dance in the Davis hall
on Thanksgiving night wass well attended and everybody had an enjoyable time.
Mrs. Curry Wright left for Spokane on Monday for medical treit-
ment.
The bridge working on the Cooper
bridge have finished driving the
-piles.
Walter Larsen has moved his family Into the housei on Bridge street
next J. T. Simmons' residence.
John Santtjio returned  to  Spokane
last .Saturday.
■It is believed, says a dispatch from
Stewart, headquarters of Portland
Canal mining, that the Consolidated
Mlinlng and Smelting company will
soon build a smelter at some point on
the coast to which ore from Its several properties adjacent to salt waiter
could be1 economically taken for treat
ment. The location is of course
doubtful, even more doubtful than
the fact that a smelter will be built,
according to the article. It would
Beem loglcrf, however, that tho smelter be built so as to be as central is
possible to Its scattered holdings—
Tig Missouri, on Portland Canal;
George Copper, on Bear river; Sunloch, nmr Sooke; Coast Copper.
Squt >alsh,and other sir.':tll properties
recently taken over. Thn visit of .1.
J. Warren from the east is taken as
significant. Wtilh IW. M. Archibald
nnd Lome Campbell he hold confr.*-
enecs at Stewart with nine oflldn's.
But he hnd no statement to mcjke regarding the "coast smelter" wilh
which itastern stock markets and
eastern press rsparts have been so
nrudi concerned in the pa.st year or
two.
EAttil $25 WEEKLY at home atl-
tlt'tr.sing envelopes. No canvas-
slng. Everything furnished. Spaiv
or f 11 time. Particulars for stamp.
Mail r     Service, Box 9,  Sydney, N.S.
Today Is Armistice day.
A  LIBERAL PARENT
"tVn*t    did   her    father    give her
wh.n ihey were married?"
"'1? gave her permission to return
hoi'.;( after three quarrels nnd separation-*, but stipulel:ed that after mere
than three they would have to arrange thair reconciliations ulse-
wkere."
By Erwin Greer
THE division of horticulture of
the Dominion experimental
farms branch has for many
:ears been carrying on breeding
work with different kinds ot fruit,
;nd each season sees some new varieties of special promise produced.
By C. B. Gooderham
Dominion  Apiarist
PREPARING the bees for winter
and putting them away In cellar
or packing case is not the only
work that demands the beekeeper's
attention in the fall. In addition to
the bees there ds a lot of valuable
equipment that requires earful storage during the winter if losses are to
be avoided. The most valuable asset a beek'.ieper can have, outside of
his bees, is a good supply of drawn
combs, but If these are not carefully
protected when not in use on the
hives they an totally destroyed by
rodents or wax moth larvae.
The ,best method of storing combs
is to place them in supers and then
stack the supers g*ie above the other
Cn tiers with a queen excluder or
inverted hive cover beneath and another cover on top of each pile. This
will save the combs from the ravages of rats or mice. To prevent
damage from wax -.noth the superB of
combs should be stored in some un
heatd building for the winter. Wax
moth will not dt.velop in low temperature and 21 degrees of frost will destroy them without harming the
combs. Tny unused foundation i s
hest wrapped in paper and stored ln
tight fitting boxes. Foundation should
not be exposed tnlow temperatures,
as it becomes very brittle when cold
and Is easily bro'ien. Other equipment such as hive bobies, supers,
floor boards.covers and timpty frames
should, of course, be stored under
cover where it is convenient to do
any work to them that Ib necessary
during the winter. The extractor,
honey tanks, carting melter and
honey pump should be thoroughly
cleaned and kept in a dry placq for
winter to prevent rusting, etc. Proper
care and storage of equipment when
not in use retards deterioration and
reduces cost of production.
A PREDICTION  LIKELY TO COME
TRUE
YOU who have had no chance at
bying need not despair, for yoiV Among the new variettles of apples
day Is soon to come. ThoBe war tnat have ^n bre0 dur,ng recen
veterans, you must remember, put vears aod have-been planted ln comin a long, grim apprenticeship oveT| rfl8rclal orchards as soon as Btock
Flanders' fields and they had ail waB available ar8 the Melba, Joyce,
honorably won the laurels that Uncle j^-. and Lawfam. The Melba Is an
them. Theya re the pioneers tar oariy appU, of Ducflwes season and
peace, of a- profession which will soon Mcintosh quality, well colored and
be one of the greatest in the world. I attractive; Lobo is fully eonal to Mc-
Flying will progress with them.| Intosh ln appeari*ce, but is no of
Five years from now there will be! qulte a8 good puaUty. It_ ls earller
thousands of trained aviators in the1 tnan Mcjntosh and is recommended
LEVITY R2SENTED
A man who had bought a very vel-
uable building site was surveying his
newly acquired property In a mood
of reveritj when a stranger, in a similar mood,  aecostel him.
"Sir," said the i an, "I remember
when this property was a f£|rm. Why,
I buried a dog heri in those days.
And now he-ir that it has been sold
for half a million.'
"Yes," said the nlw owner, with a
smile.   "I bought it."
The stranger was obviously hurt.
"But what I'm telling you," he
said, is the truth.'
field,  but  these  will all  have  been
trained  by  these  self-same  pioneers.
Thei life of the commercial airman
will be a pleasant one. What fellow
with any heart for adventure and
with red blood iu his' veinB can resist the temptation of speeding
through the air. The life ls the
deepest and healthiest that coud be
imagined; just the profession for the
man who loves the great outdoors.
The duties of the present-day automobile chauffeur will be more strenuous than his bying three or four
hours every other day. No longer
will he be rigged out likei an Arctic
explorer, unnecessarily exposed to a
cutting head wind and the roar of the
engine. He will recline) with ease,
in an inclosed cabin which is electrically lighted and heated throughout; even to taking a hand at cards
with the ptissengers.
In the near and wonderful future
of the airplane, an afternoon spin
from New York city to Cuba will be
a very common occurrence, of South
America a week-end flight.
The faint-hearted public will look
upon airplabei accidents withs Inking hopes. The reasonable public—
and naturally, some puaUty of courage must enter into all good human
reasoning—will recognize that in bying there alwatys will be accidents
and in its present stageof Infancy
there will lbe a greater proportion of
accidents tban will prove to be the
normal. A man who wants a permanent life insurance against death,
needs to be an immortal, for on this
planet we are only mortals.
A few people will always seek to
prolong life by refusing the thrills of
living dangedously. They will not
go up in the air, nor out on the sea;
in ships, nor ride horses, nor be carried by automobiles. But, thank
heaven, they are few. The avilrpge
man is not a death dodger, but trusts
his existence to the usual risks of
life. It would be misere|ble to Hve
otherwise.   -
LIBERAL8 PLAN
OLIVER
MEMORIAL
VICTORIA, October 29.—A plan to
establish a. scholarship in agriculture
at the University of British Columbia
in memory of the late John Oliver,
was adopted by the Vlctorit Liberal
association at its annuar meeting last
night. Liberals throughout the province will be Invited to assist in the
project.
Regimental Piping Awards Announced
1 Inter^UalmentalTrapliy presented by E. W. Beatty, sprsusldent of _th* Can-Milan
Pacific.    ILt. Charles Dunbar, -irlnnerof the trophy,
winner of second trophy.
,S-nnbti r~, wisineroftjie trophy.' "~S Piper Noll SutiMi-uis-1,
As a question ot -military status was
involved in tlio regimental lag-
pipe competition held at the Banff
Highland Gathering in September,
, the final decision a i to tho holders of
the trophies was referred by mutual
consent to the Minister of National
Defence, under whose authority the
competition was held. The decision
has just been given by Major-
General Thacker, Chief of General
Staff, to the effect that thr trophy
given by Mr. E. W. Beatty, chairman
and president of the Canadlr-.n Padfic
Railway, as ori-r' lally o'i'ered to
pipers from High! .id Re-rlr.ents, be
awarded to Lieute umt CaV.rlei. Dunbar, D.C. M^j-Argylo ar.d Sutherland
Highlandors of Canada, lian 'Iron,
Ontario — this bohs actoiapa -i *d by
i caah urine of 1100.00.   TJndu thk
ruling Pipe-Mai or McPherson, of the
Toronto Scottish Regiment, ranks for
second prize of $60.00 and Pipe-
Sergea-.it Hugh McBeth, of the
Calgary Highlanders, for third prise.
of $25.00. Piper Neil Sutherland, of
the Twelfth Signal Battalion, Canadian Corps of Signallers. Regina, la
awarded the first place in the competition for a trophy of equivalent
value as Champion Pipe Player,
Canadian Militia, the trophy to be
held by tl e contestant who wins it in
two sure wive competitions and the
trophy re. raining the property of the
unit to ,v *iich the winner belongs.
Neil Suthec.-i.4nd receives $100.00 caah
83 winner. Second in this competition
in Pipe-Major James Hamilton, of
tlie Canadian Fusiliers, London.
Ontario, who receives a substantial
cash prize.        _ t
for eastern Ontario and Quebec. ' !
Several additional varieties of
hardy pecjrs fruited in 1926. They are
crosses between Russian pears and
come of ho better commercial varieties grown in Canada, and -some of
them show great promise as hardy
Ciears of fairly good quctUty. They
are more resistant to blight than
many other varieties and may be
■jrown in colder districts. Mve new
varieties of everbearing strawberries
r-re exceptionally promising and are
expected when thoroughly tested to
prove BUperlor to existing sorts.
The largest party of major league
baseball stars to hunt moose in
New Brunswick entered the woods
foT a two-week a stay after the
World Series. The party entered
at Clarendon on the Canadian pacific main line nnd included Benny
Bengough, Mark Koenig, Eddie Collins, Joe Bush, Sam Jones. Fred
Hofman. A number of newspaper
writers and cameramen were included in the party.
The two new Canadian Pacific passenger ships, "Duchess of Atlioll"
and "Duchess of Bedford," now being built for the St. Lawrence route
(Liverpool to Montreal), will be
two of the finest vessels afloat, according to plans and specifications.
Their gross tonnage will register
20,000. They will be twin screw
with geared turbine engines. They
■will have a length of 596 feet, a
breadth of 75 feet and a speed of
17% knots. Both ships will have
accommodation for 572 cabin, 480
tourist third class and 508 third
class paasengers.
The initial consignment this yeai
ef Canadian apples for Great Britain, has gone forward on the Canadian Pacific liner "Montrose" from
Montreal. They are consigned by
the Fruit Branch of the Dominion
Department of Agriculture from thc
Province of Ontario and consist of
forty standard boxes containing
about 4,000 apples to be put on exhibition at the Imperial Fruit Show
scheduled to be held at Manchester
this month. Varieties include
Golden Russet, Mcintosh, * Spies,
Greenings, Stark, Talman Sweet,
Wolf River, Cran Pippin and Baxter. On the same vessel are 21
rases of vegetables also for exhibition in England.
DONALDSON'
GROCERY
Phone 30
S
Try our Special Tea
r at 65c per lb
Shoes, Shirts. Overalls
Good values for [your
money.Jgjj |
Call and see (us before
purchasing.
JOHN  DONALDSON
General Merchant
QRAND ITKKS
Transfer Co.
DAVIS S HANSEN. Prop.
City n.-ig^u-ic antl General
Transfer
ir
on!,   Wood  and   Ice
for Sale
Office at  R.  t. Petrte's Store
Phone 64
Get Your
Groceries
at the
CITY GROCERY
Phone 25
-"Service and Quality"
E.G. Henniger Go.
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Cci lent and Plaster
Poultry Sunplies
(irand   Forks, 11. C.
Oiir
Hobby
is
Good
^Printing!
r|"'Hl'i value of well-
-"■ prLited, neal appearing stationery as
a menus of getting and
holding desirable business has bcen amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
els -\r hire.
Wedding invitations
Bail j vograms
lin?!:! sss cards
Vi    ng cards
Sh     ing tags
Letterheuds
Statements
Noteheadj
Pamphlets
Price lists
JjgEnvelopes
Billheads
Circulars
Dodgers
Posters
Menus
New Type
Latoit Style
Faces
THE SUN
Colombia Avenue and
Cake Street
TELEPHONE
R101
SYNOPSIS OF
LANDACTAMENDMENTS
PRE-EMPTION!
Vacant unreserved,eurveyed Crown
lands may' be pre-empted by Britlah
subjects over 18 years of age, and by
aliens on declaring Intention to become British subjects, ' conditional
upon residence, occupation and lm-
ment (or agricultural purposes.
Full information concerning regulations regarding pre-emptions is
given in Bulletin No. 1 Land Series,
"How to Pre-empt Land," copies of
which can be obtained free of charge
by addressing the Department of
Lands, Vdvtoria, B. C, or any Government Agent
Records will be made covering only
land suitable for agricultural purposes, and which Is not timberland,
i.e., carrying over 5,000 board feet
per acre west of the Coast Range,
and 8,000 feet per acre east of that
range.
Applications for pre-emptions are
to be addressed to the Land Commissioner of the Land Recording Division, ln' which the land applied for
ls situated, and are made on printed
forms, copies of which can be obtained trom the Land Commissioner.
Pre-emptions must be occupied for
five years apd Improvements made to
the value of (10 per acre, including
clearing and cultivating at least live
acres, before a Crown Grant call be
received.
;For more detailed information see
the Bulletin "How to Pre-empt Land."
PURCHASE
Applications are received for purchase of vacant and' unreserved
Crown Lands, not being timberland,
for agricultural purposes; minimum
prioe of first-class (arable) land ia
$6 per etcre, and second-class (grailng) land $2.50 per acre. Further
information regarding purchase or
lease of Crown land is given In Bulletin No. 10, Land Series, "Purchaae
and Lease of Crown L^nds."
Mill, factory, or Industrial sites on
timber land, not exceeding 40 acres,
may be purchased or leased, on conditions Including payment of stumpage.
HOMESITE  LEASE8
Unsurveyed   areas,  not -exceeding
20 acres, may be leased as homesites,
conditional upon a   dwelling   being
erected in the, flrst .year, title being
obtainable   after   residence and improvement    conditions    a/re fulfllled
and land has been surveyed.
LEASES
For   grazing   and   Industrial purposes areas not exceeding 640 acrea
may   be   leased by one person or a
company. .
GRAZING '■
Under the Grazing Act the Province is divided into grazing districts
and tihe range administered under a
Grazing Commissioner. Annual grailng permits are Issued based on numbers ranged, priority being slven to
festal-fished owners. Stock owners
may form associations for range management Free, or partially free, permits are available for settlers, campers and travellers up to ten head.
K. SCHEER
Wholesale and Retail
TOBACCONIST
ealor ia
Havana Cigars, Pipes
SI Confectionery
PalaceBarber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty-
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand Focfca. O. C.
A. E. MCDOUGALL
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER 12
Agent
liuminion Moituinental Works
Asbestos-- Products Co. RooGnft
ESTIMATES FURNISHED
BOX 33) BRAND FORKS, B. C
{PICTURES
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
..FIRST 8T., NEXT P. BURNS'
AND PICTURE FRAMIN8
Furniture Mado to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinds,
Upholstering Neatly Done
R. G. MoCUTCHBON
wununoATUDi

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