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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist May 20, 1927

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 The proof of will power is a continued determination to succeed
Confederation and Af-
ter*»--Sixty Years of
• j
YEAR—No 29
"Tell me what you Know Is true!
I oan laaaa ea well as you."
FRIDAY, MAY 20, 1927,
Sir John A Macdonald, the "cb.et
architect" ot Confederation, Ib properly admired (or bis shrewdness, his
broad vision, and his marvellous capacity for leadership. He was loved
(for bis wit, his generosity, and all
bis warmly human characteristics,
He stood for a united Canada, the
British connection, and a respect for
law that ensured order at a stage ol
the country's development when law-,
lessness might easily, have been the
tale. Though he had great ability
for affairs, he served the land he
loved through a long life with so little thoght of personal profit that in
old age be was a poor man.
.Ready in compromise, nimble in
political strategy, our first premier
was far more than an able parlla-
tarian; be was a statesman to whose
foresight Canada owes such enduring benefits as the purchase of the
west from the Hudson's Bay company; the building of the Canadian
Pacific ralmlway that opened the
prairies for settlement, and brought
British Columbia into the Union
and adoption ot a tariff policy which
*H succeeding governments have
continued, with necessary modofica-
Mons, to this day.
Above all,   his   career   illustrates
the   lmpo rtance in the interests of
- general harmony of making conces-
- sions to divergent elements and minorities ihat might otherwise become
Insurgent   Thus   early   he I earned
that you cannot rule Canada without
the French, and thogh an Orangeman
' be always considered Quebec's needs
to   the    extent that be always had
support from tbere, and  sometimes
his chief support   Never was this
trait more evident than   wben   his
diplomatic winning of Howe, by offer
Of   better   terms, quelled the secessionist agitation ln the Maritimes.
,.   Bornin Glasgow in ISIS, he migrated with his family in 1820 to tapper
Canada, wbere he settled   at   Kingston.   He was educated at the Royal Gram-mar school, which he left at
the age ot fifteen te enter a.law office;  and was called to the bar at
the age of twenty-one.   After eight
years of pratice, he was elect ed to
the legislative assembly of   Canada
to 1844. and continued to represent
Kingston   in   parliament   until   bla
death ln 1891.   His first term of office was in 1847-8 as receiver-general
in    the    Draper administration.   By
1857 he had become prime minister
in the   Macdonald-Cartier   ministry,
On the defeat of the   Tache-Macdon-
aid administration in 1864, he was a
prime mover in the formation ot the
"Great Coalition" designed to carry
through the plans for Confederation;
and after tbe resignation of -Oeorge
Brown in 1865, Macdonald was   the
ohief   figure ln the discussions and
bringing   into   force   of the British
North America Act   Therefore,   at
the inauguration of this Dominion in
1867, he was seleoted to be the flrst
premier; and by force of his genius
he held the -position, with the exception of Mackenzie's five years of offloe, until his death.
While his opportunism and hia
conviviality have been held against
him, impartial historians agree -that
Canada could not have been happier
in her flrst premier, sinee Sir John
A. Macdonald combined the wise
vision that knew how to build well
for the future, with a strong hand,
hat held discordant elements together ln the embryo nation, until natural fusion might take place.
In. the structure of Confederation,
the. partiamient of Canada was tbe
keystone, it was the one creation of
the British North America Act about
which the walls of the nation were
erected. The act passed the British
hoaee at commons in the early spring
of tim On March 29, 1867, it was
given royal assent in the house of
lords. By proclamation it came into
effect on July 1, and on Novemlber 6
ot that rear the flrst session of the
flrst parliament was opened by Rt.
Hon. viscount Monck, the flrst Coventor general of the Dominion.
The flrst seeaion of the first parlia
ment lasted until May, 1868. Tbe
parliament under the premiership of
Sir John A Macdonald lived through
live sessions, dissolution being granted by the Earl of Dufferin, the governor general -in 1872. Fifteen parliaments have been summoned and
dissolved since July 1, 1867, and 1927
finds Canada between the first and
second sessions of the sixteenth parliament
Fourteen ministries have beld office under the crown. Of these eight
have been Conservative, two have
-been Unionist, and four have been
Liberal. Ten citizens of Canada
have held the higb office of prime
minister, and thirteen governors general have represented tbree reigning
sovereigns in this Dominion since
July, 1867.
Four times during these sixty years
Canadians mave stood to arms and
on two of t hese occasions troops
have fought abroad These occasions
were the Fenian raids, the Northwest rebellion, the (South African
war, and the Oreat War of Europe.
With these interludes the story of
the Dominion has been a domestic
one. It has been a story of immigration, industry and administration,
and over all three phases the parliaments of Canada have exercised the
dominant influence.
Quite apart from considerations of
parties and the rise and fall of political movements.the chronicle of Confederation is witho t a parallel ln
the history of democratic government. Never, before bas such a mere
handful ot people occupied, administered and prospered on such a vast
area of county. Even now—sixty
years after—the world can look to
for lessons ln administration. With
a population not much greater than
some of tbe cities of the world out
spread over half a continent democracy functions in all its branches and
the citisens prosper. It is not only
a tribute to admlnlstraulve ability, it
ls a tribute to British parliamentary
government, which has been proven
equally adaptable in the compact little crowded over the seas and In this
great sprawling nation of British
North America.
To tbe men who have led tihe governments of Canada more than to
any others belong the credit for the
administrative achievements of the
six decades; The ministers of the
past sixty years are as follows:
Rt Hon. Sir John A. Macdonald
(July, 1867-November, 1873).
Hon. Alexander Mackenzie (November, 1873-October, 1878).
Rt Hon. Sir John A. Macdonald
(October, 1878- June, 1891).
Hon. Sir J. J. Abbott (June, 1891-
Deiember, 1892).
Hon. Sir John Thompson (Derem
ber, 1892-DecBmber, 1894).
Hon. Sir. M. Bowell (December,
1894-AprU, 1896).
Hon. Sir Charles Tupper (May,
1896-JJ ne, 1896).
Rt. Hon. Sir Wilfrid Laurier (July,
1896-October, 1911).
Rt. Hon. Sit- Robert Borden (October, 1911-October, 1917).
Rt. Hon. 'sur Robert Borden (October, 1917-July, 1920).
Rt. Hon. Arthur Meighen (July.
1920-December, 1921).
Rt. Hon. W. L. Mackenzie King
(December, 1921-June, 1926),
Rt Hon. Arthur Meighen (June,
1926-Oeptemlber, 1926).
Rt Hon. W. L. Mackenzie King
(September, 1926.       ,
Labrador has suddenly grown to
twice its generally accepted size because of a decision of the British
council setting its boundary far inland from the Atlantic. Labrador
has always occupied a seemingly
anomalous position; lt walls Canada
north of the St. Lawrence completely off from the Atlantic. Most maps
have shown this territorial barrier as
a very narrow strip along the coast,
tor such was .Canada's claim. By
reason of the recent decision in favor ,of Newfoundland, however Labrador extends 300 miles Inland in the
south. It forms a rough triangle,
growing steadily narrower to the
north until the triangle's apex ts
reached at Cape Cbidley, on Hudson
strait where ehe waters of Hudson
bay reach ehe Atlantic.
It comes as a distinct surprise to
most persons who turn their attention newly to the geography of northeastern America, that Canada and
.Newfoundland are separate governmental units—as distinct for example, as Jamaica and New Zealand.
Labrador is best known along the
coast, and tbere lt ls truly a land of
external warring. Everywhere along
its coast line great seas ceaselessly
pound as with the hammer of Thor
into its adamantine sides. The al-
nvoct resistless Arctic ice-flow growls
and groans as it crushes, sleaves.and
smashes the very face of nature,
while the monster bergs outside, like
ominous giants, roar and crash as
they vainly battle with their still
more resistless enemy, the summer
ntWhere ln the more sheltered spots
gentler nature strives to spread a
covering over the nakedness of the
land, abysmal cold waves battle with
the tenacious plants and scrubs,
which grow gnarled and knotty ln
the conflict The few animals that
in any number can survive In its
wilds, are especially endowed to resist Its apparently never discouraged
effort to destroy the very source   of
The retort courteous but sarcastic
was never made more neatly than,1 by
tbe Abbe de Voteenon, a Frenchman
who had had the misfortune to offend
Prince de Conde. When the abbe
sought to make Mb peace with the
soldier the prince, rudely turned his
back on him.
"Thank heavens, sir " cried the,
priest, I have been misinformed.
Tour highness does not treat me as
it I were an enemy."
The prince, taken by surprise, demanded wby he thought so.
"Because, sir," answered 'the abbe,
"your hlgbnesh was never known in
In the long run, -prosperity depends
upon hard and sufficient work, fairly
but not excessively paid for.
Mistress—What would you like for
Christmas, cook?
Cook—One of them "goin' awny"
suitcases would be handy, mom.
As one approaches it from the Atlantic and passes Its blgh portals.the
cliffs of Belle isle, he spies a high log
house perched high up on a barren
ledge clinging to the very face of the
cliff. Suggestive sight: it contains
cached the necessaries of life against
the inevitable day wben some poor
voyagers shall find themselves sud
denly dependent on its savage clemency,
Viewed, as those who .frequent it
mostly view it, from the sea, one
would think its sole harvest was the
countless sea-borne erratics that
crowd every hillside and crown every
skyline, just where other countries
would be haunting flowers, fruits and
In the realms of human life also
the same stern conditions maintain.
Life is truly a battle in Labrador,
and its conditions are responsible for
a white race whose members are as
remarkable for their adaptability to
live under the very hardest of physical conditions as the native Eskimo
they are steadily replading. These
little Arotic natives can withstand
anything except civilized man.
But Labrador, beyond being a place
of war, is a land of contrasts—a
land where extremes meet—and
where no man dieth from monotony
of physical circumstances. Scarcely
a stones throw from the ceaseless
strife oneflnds oneself ln a land of
almost oppressive silence—a country
so utterly devoid of the busy hum of
human life that the dominant idea
forced upon one ls, "Oan I be certain
I shall ever again get back to the
haunts of men?" while visions of the
uncertain' opportunities for communication with the world outside rise
unbidden to the mind.
Soon, hawever, memories of its
generous spaces, its glorious fiords,
its keen, bracing air, its call for re-
sourcef lness, Its rich sea harvest,
its noblerivers and plenteous salmon,
Its wily, silent animals with their
priceless skins, its countless deer
herds come back to cheer one.
It is indeed a fine set of people it
has produced, for one may count as
Labradorians the thousands of men
and women from Newfoundland who
every year go to wrest a living from
its reluctant grasp.
Sea love, sea reliance, and optimism, are the three 'strongest traits of
character developed ln these people,
with rather more than the ordinary
amount of fatalism. There ls no
doubt tbe people are tough—tough
as their own sharks, they say, which
will ome to a bait made of their
own liver.
Obsevers declare that Labrador
can maintain a good population, but
at present little capital has been invested there except in fishery and
fuming. Neither of these industries
do practically anything to enrich the
country, seeing that almost every
flsh caught and every fur collected
leaves the coast aB it is, and is turned into money elsewhere.
Cod, salmon and trout are exploited rather than fished. Rivers have
been barred with nets for years. The
indiscriminate use of od traps with
small mesh leaders 'destroys each
year thousands of salmon-peal seeking the rivers, and, ln the opinion of
every one, injures very seriously the
cod fishery itself by almost entirely
preventing the great shoals coming
inshore to feed.       '
Whaling is practically a. thing of
the past off Labrador. For home
consumption, seals are valuable.thelr
skins and fats forming a marketable
commodity of no mean value. When
seals "strike ln" plentifully it is the
easiest way in the world to get rich,
for it means that they come to one's
door and drown themselves in his
nets ready-for use.
. Labrador seals are real seals, and
not the fur-bearing "Otaridae" ot the
Pacific. The largest, the hoods, aro
ot 1 immense size and height, and by
no means to be carelessly approa h-
e<* when wtih their young. They will
then show light very readily, and
many a poor old bull has gone to his
death a rifle just to enable the murderer to steal the pelt of his baby
that he was defending, his own body
being left after all, as being too
heavy to take.        ™*
Excellent as their skins are always
for sleeping bags, canoes, tents, harnesses, etc., for clothing in cold
weather they cannot touch the cured
caribou hide. In mild weather tbe
seal sides are, as might be expected,
much more water-tight, except when
The soft chamois-like, cleaned sk;n
of the deer makes clothing impenetrable to wind and weatber, wbile
the gloves and moccasins, being soft
and mobile,, are far warmer than the
Labrador seal.
There are vegetable as well as animal resources ln Labrador. The red
-partridge berry or small cranberry,
Victoria, May 18.—Reasoning from
the old adage tbat no news is good
news, friends of Premier Oliver today continued to assume that the
premier Is making satisfactory recovery from his operation Saturday at
Rochester, Minn. Notbing has been
heard of the premier's condition
since Sunday, when his son, Dr.
Robert Oliver, wired that bis father
was feeling cheerful and progressing
well. As the message promised that
the premier's friends would be Informed immediately lf his condition
caused any alarm, it ls taken for
granted in the absenceof further advices tbat he is continuing to improve.
Regina, May 19.—After a rainfall
of several hours, snow set in here
early this morning and the city
awoke to find the streets veiled with
a thin covering. It has given place
to sleet. lOield operations will be
held up possibly for a day or longer
if the present conditions continue.
Since the large proportion of wheat
is now seeded, the fall is considered
beneficial instead of harmful.
the blue hertz or bilberry, the yellow
bake-ap-ple or cloud-berry, the purple marshberry, with the red currant,
the raspberry, and gooseberry, are
all abundant, all easily preserved
and all grow without any effort on
the part of the natives to sow, cultivate, or in any way improve them.
Of cultivated vegetables in Labrador the success depends on the shelter, natural or artificial, they get
from summer frosts. In the bottoms
of bays, carrots, peas, - potatoes.let-
tuce, radishes,beets, etc. all grow in
the open well.
The immense future that lies before pulping in Labrador ls evident
from the success attending Lord
Northcliffe's great venture iln Newfoundland, and by tbe fact that every
acre of sea and land from the Straits
to Hudson bay bas been applied for
ahead, if not granted, for this very
Ottawa, May 16.—On the night of
the Usixtleth birthday of Confederation electricity will take the -blace of
the old beacon lights with which
those in the days of tbe Fathers of
Confederation were wont to celebrate events of Importance. From
coast to coast of Canada, which is
pre-eminent today ln the development of electrical energy, illuminating apparatus will be Installed-on
towers, high buildings, or otber outstanding eminence, of capacity which
will throw the beams for miles
around and light surrounding landscapes.
The following recommendations
were made yesterday by the national committee: *- .
Tbat the towers of all government
buildings, such as the main tower of
the parliament building, Ottawa, be
flood lighted, and that all towns and
cities follow the same specifications
for the lighting of any towers they
may possess, and that all monuments
of persons prominent ln Canadian
history, and especially in the forming of Confederation, be lighted.
The Canadian authors' association
has taken under its auspices a competition for the three best productions in English and the three best
in French, on the subjeot of Confederation, the productions* to be eitber
in verse or ln prose. The national
committee for the celebration of' the
Jubilee of Confederation will offer
gold, silver and bronze medals, for
the three In each language.
The secretary of the national committee on the celebration will receive
contributions, which must not he
later tban June 22, 1927.
Diamond Jubilee Inspires Song
Vancouver, May 19.—A special
committee of the Automtobile, Club
of British Columbia has been -authorized to eet the executive of the Union
of British Columbia Municipalities tp
secure their support at the August
meeting of that body ln plana for a
road-marking system throughout tha
province that would ensure complete
continuity of signs. This policy, was
followed out by tbe club in its signing program in tbe past, but as the
work bas now been assumed by the-
government and the municipalities in
their own territories, and Httle has
been so far accomplished, the direc-..
tors decided that it would be necessary t obtain the cooperation of all
interests to provide an effective signing system.
A resolution calling on tbe government to provide signs for .the
highway between Vernon and Kelowna was passed unanimously,
A resolution emanating from the
Canadian Automobile association,
thanking the customs* and excise department for the 90-day touring extension permit and for the department's confidence in the motor clubs
by asking them to sponsor such tourists, was passed unanimously.       ,.
Major H. Cutbbert Holmes, chairman of the Victoria board,presided,
In the absence of Oeorge E. Housser,
president, wbo Is 111.
Canada's Diamond Jubilee has been
the inspiration that led to the
writing of a new -Can-Milan song "At
The Canada Jubilee" which has recently been published to commemorate the sixtieth year of confederation.
Its composer, Oordon V. Thompson,
has already established the reputation of being one of Canada's leading
song writers. His popular war songs
composed and published during the
stirring -days of 1914-18 are well-
known. There are few who do not
know by heart the airs of "When
Jack Comes Back'', "Khaki" or
"When Tour Boy Comes Back to
You", tbree patriotic songs ln particular composed by Mr. Thompson
durtng tiie War.
Mr. Thompson composed thie new
song recently whllo staying at the
Chateau Frontenac at Quebec. Here
at tbe very birthplace of Canadian
history Mr. "Thompson felt bbe ui-ge
to write something that would express the joy of Canadians at the
coming great event Having produced
"At the Canada Jubilee* Mr T-bomp-
son felt that another song, expressing the optimistic sentimente of Canadians, would be exceedingly appropriate. "Land of Glad To-Morrows"
wae the result of this inspiration
which the composer feels expresses
something of the optimism ifor the
future throughout Canada at the
present time.
Farm Fa&s
One way for farmers to avoid pay-,
Ing high prices for clover seed to get
legumes   Is   to   apply a little more
lime and sow alfalfa lf the land will
grow it.
Gluten feed and cottonseed meal
are relatively cheap dairy feeds.
They should be used In rations to
balance the feeds that are low in
It's a lot eahier to fix the fence
than to chase the hogs back in the
pen each day.
Plenty of water and salt are necessary in all feeding practices.
The unsuccessful  farmer  ls
"off-again on-agaln" fellow.
No orvanlzatlon functlonh properly without organization.
When a man makes a fool ot himself he uses poor material. THE SUN: GRAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
t]Iln> Cgrattfr 3arks Bun
* • —'
One Tear (in Canada and Great Britain) 11.00
Oae Year (in the United States)    1.50
Addresr -" -———-cations to
JThb Grand Pork.- 8uh
Paons 101 / Gbawd Fobks. B. CJ
FRIDAY, MAY 20, 1927
Notes • Notions • Notables
•The Dominion bureau of statistics, In cooperation with
Ike department of agriculture at Victoria, has made the
customary arran-ements for the collection and publlica
Hon of the annuul agricultural statistics of British Columbia fer the pear 1927. These statlsliics will be based
vsoft returns to be collected next June from individual
tazmeri opon cardboard schedules issued to them through
-Os teachers and children of the rural schools. The schedule Is • very simple one, callfing only for the areas sown
to Held crops and the numbers of farm' animals alive
•Do. the farm in mid-June. Upon the resulting estimates
Of total areas sown are based the preliminary, provisional and flnal estimates of yield, which are of supreme importance ln connection with the movement, financing, distribution and sale of the principal cereals, especially of
wheat, of which Canada is now the world's leading exporter*. The present plans for the collection of these
statistics have been followed annually since 1917, and
the estimates based thereon have come to be confidently
relied upon by all interested In the production and distribution of Canadian grain, tin connection wtith the
celebration this year of the Diamond Jubilee of Confederation, accurate statistics are indispensable for a proper
appreciation of the national progress, and in order to eu-
sture that the statistics of tbe Jubilee -/ear may be as
sMonntte as possible, it is earnestly hoped that farmers
throughout the Dominion Will not fail to render the small
eel-rice required by filling up and returning the schedule
lfcsued. If and farmer should not receive the cardboard
Schedule by the middle of June be should apply for same
either te the provincial department of agriculture at Victoria or to the Dominion statistician at Ottawa. The aim
if (o obtain a completed schedule from every farmer, as
lhe. more numerous tbe returns, the more trustworthy
Will *be the resulting estimates.
"Sometimes I think half the funny slips in the city are
made right ln front of this stall here,"volunteered one
vtside^ /{Only tbe otber day a uoyng woman came up
and asked for a pound of bacon already fried. Of course,
what she wanted was bacon already sliced. Another vender spoke up: "tlnce a young man came and asked me
for some eggplants. I started pickling some out He
said he didn't want thee things; he wanted eggplants,
replied they were eggplants. Well, we argued back and
forth, and then he clinched the argument by saying tbat
he knew tbey weren't eggplants, because eggplants are
flat and round, like slices of pineapple-   I gave ln."
The popular impression that the full moon has the
power to clear away clouds disappears slowlp, notwithstanding the almost unanimous pronouncement of modern
scientists against it. That may be largely due to the
fact that so great an authority iln hts day as Sir John
Kerschel regarded the Idea as probably correct. After
• study of the Greenwich observations it was suggested
tnat the imipression may be due to the fa t tbat a change
from the cloudy to the clear state is much more likely to
attract attention when there is a full moon in the sky,
and many meteorologists agree with this.
A friend of Prof. Wlllianm Lyon Phelps related this
odd incident to him: My netphtw and I arrived In Paris
at 2 a.m. and later went to the Gare St Lazare to get
our trunks. We knew no French and the porters at the
station could not speak English. After falling to make
tbem understand what we wanted, my nephew in despair
exclaimed: "Ih, b'gosh!" Immediately a porter replied,
"Oui, bahgahz; out, ou,!v bahgahz!" and soon he brought
the trunk. We never knew before that the French language contains the word "baggage" or how It was pronounced. ,
-Microbes are not Indispensable 'to all life, lf they are
Indispensable to any. The question has been definitely
settled, it seems. A cage comlpletely sterilized at 90 de-.
-frees was made, and the openings of the cage closely
stopped with cotton and protected from the outside V
a hermetically closed metallic chamber. Such manipulations as were necessary inm opening the cage were made
by hands guarded aseptic rubber cloth. Into such
sterilized cage three hen eggs were placed, after having
been externally sterilized. Tbe cage was flatted with a'
glass pavilion, or chicken run, where the chickens could
develop during their six weeks' sojourn in the cage. In
the cage were sterilized air, pure water.sterilized sand
and - steriK ed feed. The experiment showed that life
does not depend upon bacteria, but that the vital work of
the organism is easy and natural when everything is
Where iLewis and Clark, and Fremont had only blazed
trails, Brigham Young, the "Lion ef the Lord," as his
devout followers called the Mormon leader, ibuilt cities
and reared states, fading nature In her most savage
aspects and beating her to his will. He was a tremen
dous creature, a great man, judged by the standards ot
any time or race. A. truue empire builder, he was barred
f»om true place and proper consideration by reason of
livting too late, i Had he fought the desert in the day when
Twelve Tbibes roamed the wilderness—each followed by
a procession of wives and concubines—all would have
been well, but the nineteenth century shrank away ln
bitter prejudice from Brigham Young's 25 helpmates,
and his polygamy has ever been a eloud between him
and his rightful place inthe sun.—Oeorge Creel.
Birds' nests and and noodles are rapidly being super-
coded in China by a 'better diet. The PPresident Jefferson, sailing a recent week for the Orient, carried ln her
hold 8900 cubic feet of assorted vegetables, 6000 of cabbage, WOO  of apples, and 700 carcasses of beef.
.Experiments are made by the British Broadcasting company ln the hope of perfecting a method of recording undersea sounds. The company hopes shortly to 'broadcast
the Aderwater sounds by which the navy identifies ships
at a distance, if the experiment succeeds, the noises
made by all tyipes of vessels, including those of large
liners, will Ibe recorded.
Oeorge Vancouver was born In England ln 1768. He
Served as a mlldshipn-an under Captain Cook during the
latter s last voyage to the Pacific, ended with Cook's murder by the natives of the Sandwich islands. Vancouver
Utter carried on the work of exploration In the Pacific. In
-tit he surveyed the shores of what lis now 'British Columbia. /Vancouver Island and Vancouver city are nawed
after him. He died ln England In 1798, leaving a detailed
account of Ms voyages.
The Royal Academy, which now has Its' home in Burlington house, Plcadilly, London, England, was founded ln
IMS, nder the patronage of King George III, with the
famous portrallt painter, Sir Joshua Reynolds, as the flrst
president (The academy holds annual exhibitions, and
it provides the best instruction free to poor students of
talent, to whoirn It grants scholarships enabling them to
continue tbeir studies in painting, sculpture and ar chl-
■Kerr), emperor of Rome from 54 to, G8 A.O., was the last
of the line that descended from the Caesar family. He
was one of the most wicked monsters of whom history
contains an nccount. Among those he murdered were his
mother and two of his wilie*, lie invented specially cruel
deaths for the Christians, whom ho falsely ac used of
burning Rome. Me was on tho throne when Paul was a
prisoner ln Rome, ami when he was put to death. The
army, led by Gallia, turned against) Nero. 'He either committed suicide or wm put to death by a small band of
For years it has been supposed that the world's hottest
region, If not ils hottest siiot, was a Greenland ranch In
Death valley, California, where on July 10, 1923, the temperature reached I'M.l Fahrenhe&t. Now the world hears
that 'n Aztzzia, a town in Italian Tripoli, North Africa,
the people -*-•!• zle at a temperature of 136 above. Azizzla,
the well named, is a desert village 25 miles inland from
the Mediterranean. The people are poor and live In underground dwellings, to whtich sloping tunnels lead emght
to ten feet under the surface and through small openings
to chambers hollowed from the conglomerate rock.
Something like a cellar is repuired to keep cool, notwithstanding unit:] 1911 this region conducted an almost continual wax with Ihe Turks and Arabs on one side and the
Italians on the other. jNo wonder Death valley is a pleas-
SaS place .comparei" to it.
A reporter on the Los Angeles Times was sent out on
• very important mission to find out where Aagelenos
make mlost of their foolish remarks. Was It at the zoo?
■at the railroad stations? at information desks? Not at
all. Most of the senseless renuirks made in Los Angeles,   he found,    were   made   in the  big public markets.
Blsck forest is the name of a wooded mountain, region
lying parallel with tiie Rhine in southwestern German*-
The district is about 100 mlltos long and from 26 to 'f
milesD-iles wide. Two-thirds ot the Black forest lies in
Baden; the other third in Wurtemberg. Altogether It
contains some -I860 square miles of territory. It ls not,
aB many suppose, a continuous stretch of forest although
the foothills of the mountains are covered with pines.
Tbe district gets its name from the dark hue of these
pine forests.
In England there has been noticed a decided falling off
in the number of women medical students. lOnly in one
hospital college, King's college, there is an Increase on
last year's figures for woman students.
To be born, married and celebrate one's golden wedding
In the same house rarely happens, butTs the case of Mrs.
Oeorgliann Kilkey Coombs of Isleboro, Maine. Her old
home ls well beyond the century mark.
Absence   may increase true love, but it's hard on the
Poems From EasternLands
1 tried my fortune in this city lorn:
tFrom out its whirlpool must my pack be borne.
gnaw my hand, and, heaving sighs of ire,
I light ln my rent frame the rose's fire.
Sweet sang the bulbul at the close of day,
The rose attentive on her leafy spray:
"O heart be joyful, for ruthless Love
Sits down ill-temlper'd at the sphere above
"To make the false, harsh world thyself pass o'er.
Ne'er promlise falsely and be harsh no more.
''If beat misfortune's waves upon heaven's roof,
Devout men's fate and gear 'bide ocean-proof.
"Haflz, lf lasting
Were enjoyment's day,
Jem's throne would never
Have been swept away."
c*4ncient History
All the sawlogs cut for the Yale-Columbia Lumber company in the North Fork country have now been sent over
the smelter dam without injury to that structure.
Tie Spice of Life
Tiie nelghbore said tiiat JJakte Newton was strictly honest but "pretty
One -mbrnang a s he was having
his sheep sheared he found that one
of them was missing. "It must have
jumped the fence and gone Into Leslie's lot" he said to*hlm**elf and immediately walked over to Leslie
French's pasture, picked out a sheep
that resembled his* own and, after a
tussle, got It home and had it sheared
A few days later Jake discovered!
his mlsBlng sheep dead in his pas-
t re. He lost no time in seeking
his neighbor. With profuse apologies
he returned the sheep* and the
fleee and explained the whole affair.
"Oh, that's all right, Jake." Leslie
replied. Don't let that trouble you
a bit"
''You're sure it's all right?" Jake
asked anxiously.
"Sure, sure, Jake, Anyone is likely to make a mistake."
Jake " drew himself up. "Well, It
ought to be all right I had to pay
seven cents to have that sheep
A lank, disconsolate-looking person, says the Argonaut, stood on the
steps of the town hall during a political meeting. "Do you who is talking Un there?" demanded a stranger
briskly, pausing for a moment beside
him.   "Or are you just going in?"
"No, sir; I've just come out," said
the man decidedly. "Congressman
Snlffkins is talking ln there."
■'What about?" asked the stranger.
"Well," continued the man, passing
his hand across his foredead in a
pu zled manner, "he didn't say."
The most truthful of us do not say
exactly what we mean. There are,
says tiie Independent phrases and
Idioms that are used in a purely symbolical sense, although we use them
so often as to be unaware of the fact
For example:
"Two or three" always means at
least three, or three and upward
"One or two" seldom it ever means
'In a minute" means anywhere
from five to flfty minutes.
"That reminds me of a story"
means: "Now you keep quiet while
I tell my joke."
"I hold no brief for" means: "I am
now going to defend—"
"While I do not wish to appear
critical" means: "But I ami going to
have my say out anyway."
"Of course it's no business of
mine" means: "1 am simply devoured
with curiosity." m
"My cond ct calls for no apology
and needs no explanation" is the
usual introduction for an apology, or
an explanation.
"No one could possibly have mistaken my meaning" is what we say
when some one has mistaken it.
In his recently published memoirs,
O. B. Burgin, the English story-writer
and journalist tells the following
story about Prof. Stephen Leacock:
A short time ago Leacock was the
guest of a literary club to which I
belong, and when I was called on to
speak I remarked that that morning
while I was walking in Hlghgate
cemetery one of the cemetery custodians had joined me near the tomb
of Lord iStrathcona and had said regretfully: ''Lord IStrathcona is the
only distinguished Canadian we have
here." Then he brightened a little
and edded, "But there's vacant lot
beside his lordship."
Whereupon I explained to him
that curiously eno gh I was goto to
meet another distinguished Canadian
At evening and would try to induce
to make the necessary arrangement s for occupying the vacant
space beside Lord -Strathcona.
Leacock had listened with strained attention. On rising to reply he
disregarded the points that the other
speakers had made and said: "Although I am deeply grateful to Mr.
Burgin for his thoughtful arrangements regarding my obsequies, I regret to inform him that they will
have to be cancelled, aa J have al-
reay decided to tbe buried In Westminster Abbey.
The C.P.R. has started work relaying the steel on the
Phoenix branch. The 66-pound steel Us being replaced
by 781pound rails.
T here are about 250 men employed by the C.P.R. and
the Great Nothern on construction work in and around
Steel on the 'North Fork 'branch of the Kettle Valley
line has been as far as the bridge twelve miles north/ of
this city.
The work of ballasting the track of the Kettle Valley
railway through this city was started this morning.
On the 1st of May they were still playing hockey back
in Quebec, and there were expectations of a May-pole
on ice in the St. John river at Fredericton.
An inexperienced Englishman who
had applied for a job at a logging
camp was set to work to chop down
a big fir tree. For a tew minutes
the boss silently watched the fellow's
fierce onslaughts; then, smiling to
himself,, he walked away.
Two hours later he returned.
''Well," he said, "which way are you
going to fell that tree?"
The Englishman, who wag perspiring at every pore, dropped the axe
and.wiped his brow; then, scrutinizing the tree from top to bottom, he
asked Indignantly, "What d'ye take
me for, a bloomin' prophet?"
Diner—Has «this salad any vita-
mines in it waiter?"
Walter—No, sir; no, sir—there's
nothing like that in our food! Youll
find everything perfectly clean.
Proved safe by millions and prescribed by physicians for
Colds     Headache     Neuritis        Lumbago
Pain       Neuralgia     Toothache     Rheumatism
Accept only "Bayer" package
Accept only	
whir-h contains proven directions.
ly  -Bayer" bona of 12 tablets
bottles of 24 and 100—Druggists.
Asplrta Is tba tntW auk Irttltt-ni ta Osnsds) ot Bsvsr Ms-mrsetsnv, tt si—8»H»
■eMsstsr of Stllcvlludd (Aettrl SsltevHe At-M, "A. 8. A."). WhUs It t* ssU Sana
tbtt Aipsrln mesns Ba-rar nisnofscmr*, to assist tht public attlatt HslttllsM. tto TsMtts
et Sayet Ost-spuv wUl 1st ttstsptd wl* fetlr ststrtl trait tstrk, tbt "Bis--* Orost."
The police have been instructed by
the city council and tbe police com
missloners to arrest all persons loitering in vacant bulldings.or persons
who are caught writing on any windows or walls on buildings in the
city, or otherwise marking or defacing them Persons caught in the act
of any ot these misdemeanors will
be punished in accordance with the
penalties provided by the oity bylaws.
Sometimes the informality
-  of the spoken word
ia more effective
than a letter.
British  Columbia Telephone
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
-evger flabson, noted etattfticiMh
in addressing tbe Canadian Club of
Toronto, said that in 25 yean time
Vancouver would be tho greateet
port on the American Padfle coast
and that it was only a matter of
time before tbe trade across the Pacific Ocean would equal, if not exceed, that of the Atlantic.
It is announced by tbe Hon. W. B.
Motherwell, Minister of Agriculture,
that a contract hsd been entered
Into with the Novo Scotia Public
Fish Cold Storage Terminals, Limited, at Halifax, respecting tho con-
ctruction and equipment of • mod*
ern cold storage' plant at Halifax,
to be completed about November
1st, 1928.
j *—***
It has been officially announced
that tbe Canadian Pacific Railway
will operate the Hereford Railway
which extends in Quebec from Lime
Ridge to the United States boundary, passing through several Eaatern Townships, including Cookshire,
Sawyerville, Malvina and down to
Paquette. This line haa not
operated since November, 1926.
ONE of the finest Alpine territories to be found anywhere
on the North An* mean Continent is that surrounding Mount
Robson, (13,068 ft.), highest peak
in thc Canadian Rockies. Here the
visitor finds, magnificent peaks,
awe-inspiring- glaciers and delightful Alpine valleys with their -magnificence of wild flowers to charm
tho heart of thc nature lover. In
1E24 .ho Alpine Club of Canada
held its annual camp on the shores
of Berg Lake, shown above, and
member- it that organization,
many o* whom have climbed in different parts of   tbe   world, were
unanimous ln declaring that Can-
ads held nu more splendid Alpina
tnd scenic territory than this.
Nor is it nscessary that the visitor bo an experienced Alpinist to
enjoy the beauties of the Mount
Robson district, for there are within a short distance of the Berg
Lake bungalow, splendid peaks
which are easy .enough in as:ent
for the tyro and yet offering splendid views of the surrounding Alp-
The photograph svi.io.-ys Mount
Sobson, the monarch of the Canadiaa Rockies, and Bcig Lake, so
named  because of   the   iceb-rgs
which are' constantly-floating on its
-surface. Beneath is one of -the
Swiss guides from Jasper Park
Lodge, coiling his rope in preparation for leading an ascent on
Mount Robson, while to the right
he is shown making his way round
one of the. difficult ice peaks of the
Ponies and guides are available
at Mt. Robson. t'.-.'Jon to conduct
tourists from th'.<«.s over the magnificent Robson Trail to Berg Lake,
where comfortable btngalows are
maintained, w!-,i*h v-K-vido an excellent starting pn^t for many
wonderful excursions into the
higher passes.      —CN.R. Photos.
Slung By A Rattler
The man who ie out to buy a used
car must watch himself. This purchasing something that looks like
an automobile, just because it has
four wheels and a paint Job, ls often
a caae of being stung by a rattler.
And yet very little Inspection will
determine whether the car is a good
buy or "good-by" to your cash.
Watch tx dealer examine a used
car that is offered to him, About
the first thing that he does is to turn
over the motor' slowly by hand. A
fair estimate of the condition of the
cylinder walls and pistons may be
had. by testing in this way. The
compression must be equal, or very
nearly so,, in all cylinders. A motor
that turns over too freely by hand
probably needs new pistons, new
piston rings,.or it may have a bad
score In ibs cylinder walls. A faint
hiss may, be heard which shows
that the gas is escaping past the
piston on the compression stroke.
Of course, the leaky compression
might, also be caused by poorly fitting valves. If the condition of the
rest ot the car warrants the purchase, it ia best to remove the cplin-
der head for a final lnbpection.
The engine  should  run  smoothly | satisfy yourself, and you will
after it is warmed up. Don't fake
the salesman's word that "lt just
needs a little tuning up." You can
be sure that all minor adjustments
which tould be easily made . have
been attended to before you were
shown the car. The timing gears
or tlie chain at the front end drive
should not be excessively noisy.
Sometimes these are silenced . temporarily by ground cork or. heavy
graphite grease. If ■ the housing
which encloses the drive has' a plug,
scrape off a little oil from the chain
or gears and inspect it for those substances,
Take the car over some rough
roads and listen for body squeaks,
brake rod rattles, spring shackle
noises and door rattles. See that
the body ot the car does not give in
every joint when the chassis is on a
A   few   miles of driving may tell
more about a car that the most exhaustive shop  examination.   Do  the
brakes work well?   Does the clutch,
grab   or   slip    How   does the car!
steer?   Does it "shimmy?" Can you!
feed   evenly with the foot accelera i
tor?   Does -the engine heat?
Used car dealers are not all "gyps."
Most of thorn are engaged ln a legitimate business conduoted according
to the best business ethics. But at
that, do not take the dealer's ■ word;
only yourself ti blame if your buy is
not a bargain.
Ted—You must habe fed tbat car
with bootleb whiskey instead of the
gas. te
Ned—It looks that way. It's trying to climb a tree.
Crawford—So you're anxious to
meet the demonstrator who sold you
that second-hand car. Want to kill
Crabshaw—No; hire him as a
chauffeur. He's the only fellow who
can make that car go.
A bumper on an automobile is like
a chorus girl's costume. It protects
the property without obstructing the
"Who killed cock robin?"
"Me," said the svarrow. Wld my
little gat I shoet him full of lead, and
I'll do the same fer any other high-
hat bold dat comes nosln' around de
south end of Chicago."
"So the pedestrian gave you a
dirty look-?"
'e'l guess he couldn't help lt," replied the speed maniac. "I just
splashed him with mud."
Heirs to the thrones of Great Britain and Spain will vie with each
other at tbe World's Poultry Congress to be held at Ottawa July 27
to August 4. H.R.H. tbe Prince of
Wales will exhibit somo live birds
from his farm in Cornwall, England. Now word is received that
H.R.H. the Prince of Asturias, heir
to tbe Spanish throne, will exhibit
some fowl from bis own poultry
Over 1,000 members of the parish'
of St. Aldan's Church, New Jersey,
Journeyed to Montreal over the Canadian Pacific lines on Easter Monday to visit the famous Oratory of
St. Joseph. Tbe visit waa in the
nature of an act of thanksgiving for
the miraculous cure last year of
tbeir pastor, Rev. Father Roger
McGinley. Father McGinley bad
been suffering from heart trouble
for some years preventing his entering tbe pulpit Following • visit to
Brother Andre, however, In Montreal, his condition Improved almost
instantaneously. Within a few days
he waa able to address his flock.
Passengers on tbe Canadian Pacific flagship "Empress of Scotland," now completing a world
cruise, visited the ruins of tbe site
of the old dty of Panama destroyed
In 1671 by Sir Henry Morgan, the
famous English pirate. The ruins
bave come into the limelight recently on account of the fact that
treasures valued at over $60,000
have been discovered by a young
English fortune hunter, Lieutenant
George Williams. Tbe discovery,
wbicb was made by means of a delicate violet ray detecting Instrument
of his own invention, consisted of
gold Church ornaments, gold dust
and jewels. The delicate Instrument
still indicates that larger treasures
exist at this site.
Completing a journey of over 30/-
000 miles during which the entire
globe was circled, the Oanadla.n Pacific flagship "Empress of Scotland" docked at Ntrw York recently.
Over 400 passengers disembatrked
laden with every imaginable kind of
souvenir from every country. Tbe
ship carried back the first refugees
to America from the war zones of
China in tbe persons of Mr*. Kelvin
Southwick and her young baby, who
were forced, through Chineee disorders, td board a tramp steamer
for Kobe, where, tbey. were.picked
up by tbe "Empress of Scotland."
Mrs. Southwick's husband Is an offi-
I clal of tbe Standard Oil Company
at Hankow. During tbe great cruise
of the "Empress of Scotland" she
visited about 20 countries and anchored in over 25 world porta.
Quality that Cannot be
Duplicated ^Chevrolet Price
POWER that laughs at high bills aad
rough roads I Smoothness that
thrills you with delight I Speed and
acceleration lhat meet your every demand I Long, resilient springs that
cushion every shock I Beauty that
make* you proud to be seen driving
such a carl A rightness about every
little detail that you would expect only
in much higher-priced cant
All that* thins Chevrolet (hns yoa ... .
•nd only Chevrolet tea live them st Chevrolet
The Most Beautiful Chevrolet in Chevrolet
History is now. selling st new ud lower price*
... the lowest for which Chevrolet hu ever
been sold in Csnsds.
Roadster - • . #65S Touting
Sport Roadster »730 . Coups •
Cosch . . . . . -1760      Sedan .
Cabriolet . ■ , #890 Landau I
Imperial Landau Sedan  •  . v. ss..
Roadst«D.II».rr»"6--   Con'rc-IOs-ssis*490
1-Ton Truck Chassis #64)
Prka tl Pulon, OiheexM--Gner*me*t Ttxet
, CF-B0I6
ul Cliewolet
evrolet History   \y/V.    J.R.Mooyboer       Grand Forks Garage
•    Grand Forks, B.C. Pentioton, B.C.
People take The*0 Sun
because   they  believe
it is worth the price we
charge    for  it.    It   is
therefore reasonable to
sup nose that they read
its contents, including
advertisments.      This
is  not always the case *
wifh newspapers  that
are  offered  as   premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
Advertising   "to   help
the editor." But we do
want businessadvertis-
ing by progressive bust*-
ness  men   who; know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If you have something to offer the pub*-
lic  that   will ^benefit
them and you as well,
the newspaper reaches
more people than a bill
pnd if you have the
goods you can do business with them THE SUN: GRAND FORKS, BBITISH COLUMBIA
Test it Yourself!
Write Salada, Toronto, for free sample.
A pretty wedding was solemnized
af 8:30 o'clock Wedneaduy afternoon
ht the home of Mr. and Mrs. W. A.
Foote, In the West end, when their
slaughter, Miss Mabel, was united in
marriage to.Wolsides Bower, of Sel-
llngham, Wash., Rev. Mr. Smythe
performing the ceremony. The
young couple left the same afternoon- on their wedding tour. They
Will make their ihome at Bellingham.
There has been ulte a lively
movement in ipotato shipments out
St the valley during the present
week, and the surplus supply is fast
disappearing from tlie local market.
It is understood that tbey are bing-
la-J a good price.
Bert Scott, one of the old Granby
(melter employees here, returned to
the city this week from Anyox. r!e
has quit Anyox for good and is looking for a location. His family will
rtinain at Anyox until he decides
where to locate.
A boulder striking a rail at Coryell
and breaking it, resulted in the derailing but not overturning of the
eng#ae, tender and mail car, of the
westbound Kettle Valley train Wednesday morning, and a delay of about
twelve hours.
Peter A Z. Pare has taken a two
>ears' iease on the store building
formerly occupied by Clark Bros.,
hext P. Burns & Co.'s, on First St.,
and is having it fitted up as a modern barber shop. He will move to it
OB the firat of the month.
Manager Grisdale, of the local
branch of the Royal bank, will leave
in a day or two on a six weeks' vacation, which he intends to spend
principally in the Cariboo country.
A. Flater, of Vancouver, is taking
his place here during his absence.
Mrs. G. H. Hull returned home tbis
evening from a six weeks' visit to
Hev. Mr. Beattie, of the United
«hurch In this city, and Rev. Mr.
Valker, of Greenwood, left the first
est the week for Vancouver to attend
the    third annua*) conference of the
United church'.
The Penticton Herald says that
from rellble sources It has learned
that the direction of fruits committee under the marketing of fruits act,
bas finally deoided that Kelowna
shall be the center for carrying on
the work of the board. The neees
siiry offices will therefore be located
in tbat city. Satisfaction has been
expressed witb the selection, It be-
ling recognized that Kelowna will be
most convenient for the wholeof the
Okanagan valley fruit growers.
B. B. McCannon, Great Northern
agent at this point, and Mrs. Mrs,
McCannon left this week for an extended vacation trip throgh the eastern states.
Charles Sandner, from the headwaters of Christina lake, is in the
city today.
Dr. C. M. Kingston visited Greenwood on Wednesday.
Seventy-five ogvernment lots in
Bast Trail, subdivision of Tratl city,
■were Bold at that place Wednesday
evening by John Cartmel, govern
ment agent at Nelson, at public auc?
tion. They brought $16,705, an average of $223 per lot. About 250
prospective buyers attended .and
some paid more than $400 for the
home sites of their choice.
N. L. Mclnnes and Miokey McKay
were   Greenwood visitors yesterday.
Shipments of ore to the big reduction works of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada at Trail are keeping up well, according to the latest report of ore
received at the smelter for the period May 1 to 7, inclusive, which follows:
Copper Concentrates—
Allenby Copper Co., Allenby, (705
tons. (
Milling ore—
A urora, Aldridge, (72 tons; Bluebell, (Riondel, 702 tons; Duthio,
Smiithers, 35 tons; "Lucky Jim, Zincton, 181 tons; Lake Shore, Ainsworth, 40 tons; Noble Five, Sandon,
73 tons; Ruth Hope, Sandon, (46
tons; Yankee Girl, Ymir, 398 tons.
Dry Ore—
Last Chance , Republic, 514 tons;
Lone Pine, Republic, 98 tons; Quilp,
Rep bite, 462 tons Surprise, Republic, 113 tons.
Lead Ore—
Molly (Hughes,   New Denver, 84
tons; Sovereign, Sandon, 18 tons.
Lead Ag.—-
Wellington, Beaverdell, 63 tons.
Company mines, 5286 tons; grand
total, 8831 tons.
Biography (in the 1960 manner)—
Left a golf orphan at an early age,
he overcame every handicap and
rose to greatness.
The intelligence tests that the experts in psychology use naturally
pus le the children a little. They
are not quite clear ln their minds
just what dt -is all about, as this little
story from Everybody's Magazine
Recently in one of the puublic
schoolh on the lower East Side of
New York City the children underwent the Bliiet test. One of them,
bavlng been graded as subnormal,
was sent to the Institute tor the
Feeble-minded, b t, since the direc?
tors of that institution decided tliat
she was* too near normality to be
suited to their methods, she promptly returned to her old school. Her
mates, who thought she had gone
permanently, were astonished to see
her, and one of them explained:
"Minnie, she went away to get examined to be an idiot, but she didn't
. The real show at the automobile
Bhow Ib the family showing father
how the new cars show up the old
Evidence of the interest in the
new departure among Canadian Pacific locomotives known as the G-R-d
type or "Pacific" engine in its remarkable combination of greatly
increased power and efficiency with
very slightly increased weight, is
furnished by the fact that principals
of twenty-five technical schools in
the east of Canada and nine In the
west have requested photographs of
this locomotive with a view of banging them in these schools for the information of the children.
Gene Tunney, world's champion
heavy weight boxer, arrived in Montreal at the Canadian Pacific Windsor Street Station, May 8, and pro-
ce-d-*d *-orth to Macaza in the
LauronlPDn Mountains. From here
he proc-raHed by motor to Five Fin-
-**■"■■- Lake, spending soveral. days
fish ine*. T'.Tnney was accompanied
on the oulinf- by W. O. McGeehan,
-•--rting editor, Ntw York Herald-
Tribune, r.nd W. A. Davenport, of
Colli-prs Weekly. Mr. Tunney declared that h-? was scheduled to
tight th? -vin'rer of the elimination
match this yea.*. He visited Canada
in 1920 -nd 1921, when he went into
*Si" lur.-!t*"*r i-->.mp- operated by the
T-:,.ntli "r-*i--"z-tion in order te
im-.''-!ii hia hinds.
—. ""   _ '***'"
Follows Route of Empire Founders
1. Vtennf thcloclomt tha "Soo."   .. The S.S. Asslnibols locking through at Sault Ste. Marl*.   3. Transferrin* from train to ship
ottlytc.lA-. ■ -.. n.  uue or two at Port McNicoll,   4. Port McNlcoU's fine harbour shovrlng sraln boats and elevatoraln the background.
Centuries i -fore the railways, the
automobile, the trolley car, or the
aeroplane, tiiL Great Lakes were the
highways, end cunoes the popular
vehicles of transportation, exploration aud conquest. Leaving Montre-I,
Quebec and other -joints, the great
La Salle, Maniuette, Hennepin,
Radisson and MacKenzie, a gallant
erew of explorers and adventurers,
pasjied through the Great Lakes on
their way to found Illinois, Indiana
and other states of the Middle West,
La Salle who went from Quebec to the
mouth of the Mississippi and padd'ed
bis way back, mnde the Great Lakes
his highway. ( He and his dauntless
ewnpanions found and lost an empire.
Tne hardships of these early ex-
Slorers have been done away with
1 modern travel on the great Lakes
but glamour or their expeditions and
the beauties of their route still
remain. Aboard one of the.Canadian
Pacific lake steamers like the Assini-
boia or the Keewatin in the heart of
tho continent, the fresh water sailor
leaves Port McNicoll situated on the
shores of the Georgian' Bay, passes
the entire length, through Lake
Huron and the famous "Soo" canal
and locks and into Lake Superior. The
journey requires only two days and is
through one of the most picturesque
parts of the Doir.inion.
The Port McNicholl-Owen Sound
journey, aboard tho Manitoba is
another delightful trip. The latter
port is beautifully situated between
two high walls of rock at the southern
end of an arm of the Georgian Bay.
Tbia is one of the finest harbours on
the Great Lakes. The journey from
here to the "Soo" is beset with
scenic beauty, along the rocky coast
of the Bruce Peninsula that stretches
away to the north towards Manitoulin
Island. The great cliffs of this
peninsula rise up over 100 feet from
the deep dear waters of the Georgian
From Fort William, one of the
greatest grain centres in the world,
the traveller may proceed westward
across the' prairies. Few transcontinental journeys can offer such a
delightful diversion in travel as the
Great Lakes trip. The traveller can
board the steamers at Port McNicoll,
travel one fifth of the way across tht.
continent and then resume his i*'!
journey at the bead of the Lakes.
Experiments in the Pacific Coast
methods of halibut fishing are now
being made by. R. B. Gann, of Yarmouth, N.S., with his new halibnt
fishing boat, "Fannie Powell II.,"
following his extensive studies on
tbe Pacific Coast
Tbe ' Canadian Pacific's gross
earnings for the first quarter of the
year were the largest on record for
that quarter, at $43,236,009, or an
increase of $2391,051 over the corresponding quarter of last year. Net,
however, was a little lower than last
year at $6,462,628, compared with
Madame Jane Sion, champion of
European women swimmers, arrived ln Canada about tbe middle
of May on the Canadian Pacific
steamer "Montnalrn" from Antwerp.
Sbe will take part tn various swim*
ming marathons in Montreal and
other centres' in both Canada and
the United States, Including events
at the Toronto Exhibition.
Tbe total catcb of seafish on both
tbe Atlantic and Pacific coasts during the month of March showed an
Increase of nearly 8,000,000 pounds
over the catch for/the same month j
last year. The catcb amounted to
21,083^00 pounds, valued at $1,224,-
796, according to a report of tbe Department of Marine and Fisheries.
The increase was doe to tbe increased catch of herring on the Pacific Coast
Two thousand poultrymen from
tbe United States will attend tbe
forthcoming World's Poultry Congress, to be held at Ottawa July 27
to August 4. The delegates will be
headed by the Hon. W. M. Jardine,
Secretary of Agriculture,, officially
representing the Government He
will be accompanied by assistant
secretary R. W. Dunlop. Some 25
States are participating.
That the prospect* for British settlers coming to New Brunswick
were good; that, in fact, arrangements had already been made for
bringing a substantial number of
British families to this province, was
asserted by J. A. Murray, provincial
superintendent of Colonization and
Industry, who has returned from
England where he was acting in the
Interests of the Government He
has received many enquiries as to
the settlement prospects in New
That Calgary district bas again
taken Its place in the front rank as
a producer of horses in the Dominion was pointed out by G. H. Hutton,
President of the Calgary Rotary
Club, who declared that 57 carloads
of horses had been shipped east from
Calgary in three weeks, recently.
Indicating the growth of the industry In the district he referred to the
large number of entries received for
this year's Horse Show, totalling
more than 800, as compared with
COO last year.
Passe 10
Try our Special Tea
at. 65c per lb
Shoes* Shirts, Overalls
Good values for your
Call and see ,us before
General Merchant
Transfer Co.
City Baggage and General
Coal*  Wood and   Ice
for Sale
Office at S. L*. Petrie'i Ston
Get Your
at the
Phone 25
'Service and Quality
TUli value of well-
printed,, neat appearing stationery as
a meonsof getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
Wedding invitations
Bail programs
Business cards
VLi!;ng cards
Six' ~ iug tags
Price lists
New Type
Latest Style
Columbia Avenue and
lake Street
Vaoant iinrmerved.tjirvc-nd Grow, lands
mar bs> pra ssnpieil by Hrltl h subjects onr
18 UM" oC »ki.', ami by alien- ou declaring
luicntlou tu become Mrlil.h subjects, •uusll.
tloual upon rati leu".-, sscciipstlcn esssl Im.
provaiiiaui (ur ag-rlt-nliara I purposes.
Full Information concern.ir-l rculiulollt
regarding pre emuilois,i Is .1 von lu Bulletin
No. I, Lun I Series, "llotv to Hre-omui Lan-t."
copier ul wl.loli can be obtained frail ufctinre*
by aililreuliiK the Depiirtmeut of Lauds,
Victoria, B.O.. or nuy Government AKtssst.
Records will bc mude o"v. ring only lan0
suitable for a-rrlcultiirai pu.'-oscs.and whicli
la not tlnibailunil. 1 e„ cmryluir „,er a,UM
board laet nar ucre west ol tn. ,:•*,% Kan**   '
audsuu* feci per aura cast cf that rants.'
^Applications for pro-euiptlous ara to be
addressed tu the Laud Commissioner ol tha
Laud Heeordiug Division, lu wblcb tke laud
•pulled for Is situated, aud are mada ou
,printed forms, enisles ul c su lie obtained
from tb* Laud Cunuutsslonur.*
Preemption* muat be ojounled for Urs
yearaand liuuroveiuiist. mudj io value uf Hit
per acre, luclu U.^oleiriug and cultivating
al least Hve acres, balure n Crown ("rant euu
ba received.
Cor mora detailed lunrinaiiou seethe Bill,
latin 'How so Pre-empt Laud."
SEP        PURCHAba.
Applications aro received fir pun-ban of
vaoant and unreserved drown Lnnd., ,sot bains; tiiuUerlaud, lor agricultural purposes:
minimum prloe uf lirtt-olau (arable) laud la
fi per aere. uud .ecoiisl-cles, (trrasing) laud
*•".** peraore. fur,hat information regarding purchase ur louse of Cruwu I md. is sir,-*
In Bulletin Nn. 10. Luud Sdries "Pin chase and
Lease of Clown Lund,.', *ty- • '
UHI, factor.v, or lndij.trlnl sites ou timber
land, no'f exceeding- iii aores, may be purchased or leased, ou oouditions Including
payment of s-iunipage.
MUM tu, I IK  I ---ASESiS
.Unsurveyed ureas, uol exceeding tt acres,
may be leased as home-sites, conditional upou
a dwelling being c acted In tba first year,
title being obtainable alter residenoe and
Improvement oonditlous sre fulflllad aod land
bas beeu surveyed.
For graaing and Industrial purposes areas
not exoeedlng MO acres may be leased by ona
person or eoompany,
I'nde- tne Gr.islnj- Aot the Province la
divided Into grailng districts and the range
administered nnder ' a Graxlng Com*
missioner. Annual (-rasing permits sue
Issued bated ou numbers ranged, priority being given to established owners.' Stock
owners may form associations for ' range
mauagement. Free, or partially free, permits
•re * avallablce for settler., tempers and
travellers np to ten head.
Wholesale and Retail
ealar in
Havana Cigars, Pipes
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand Forks, II. C.
Yale Barber Shcf
Razor Honing ai Specialty"
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Tau Horn, Finn susm
Iruininion Monumental Worka i's
j-QAasb-rsstM Produeta Co. HooBn-^B
Furniture Made to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kindt.
Upholstering Neatly Done


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