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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Nov 18, 1927

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It takes a brave man to deny an erroneous report about himself that is complimentary
CITY COUNCIL
THB regular meeting of the Grind
Forks city council was held in
the council cha-mber on Wednesday evening, the mayor and all
tlie aldermen  being present,
D. McCallum and D. C. Manly, on
behalf of the Farmers Institute, interviewed the council requesting a grant
to cover the deficit of the fall fair
amounting to $197.89, ot which some
$60 was arrears from 1926. iThe request was granted.
Lots 10 and 11, block 5A, plan 80,
were sold to A. N. DoccksteJader, and
lot 10, block 11, plan 35, was sold io
Qeorge 8. Fee.
A letter from Fire Marshal Thomts-i
Inquiring the name of the present assistant fire marshal was reed. The
clerk was instructed to advise Mr.
Thomas that A. E. Savage Is resistant fire marshal.
A letter fro mthe Children's Aid
society advised that their rates had
been increased to $4 per week forthe
keep of each child.
A letter waB received from B. W.
Bateman acknowledging receipt of
bill for proportion of 1927 taxes on
right of Way of C.P.R. throngh the
city, amounting to $1,117.80, and advising that a voucher to cover the
same had been passed.
A letter was receiver trom E. W.
B:\teman, of the C.PjR, Inquiring respecting the transfer of a portion of
Third street ln accordance with the
original agreement between the C.P.
R. and the city. The Clerk was instructed to secure legal advice on the
matter.
A letter was received from C. A.
Cotterell, general superintendent of
the C.P.R., advising that the company would donate the Third street
bridge to the city free of cost on
condition that if the right of way
should be needed the company would
be . allowed to remove' the bridge.
The council accepted-the offer and
will use the bridge for foot traffic
only.
A letter from F. A. McDiarmid, advising ot further action in connection
with the power rates of t he West
Kootenay Power & Light company,
was received.
A letter from the solicitors of the
Oranby compi'ay ln regard to the survey of "Smelter lake lands, was road.
A letter from the city ot Kamloops advocating province-wide health
insurance, was laid on the table for
further  information.
The pre|Uminary statement of receipts and disbursements for the ten
months ending October 31, was presented by the finance committee and
it waa regarded as quite satisfactory
to the council.
The usual was made toward accident insure |nce of members of the fire
department.
The board of works reported that
Victoria avenue) had been surfaced
with crushed rock.
The health and relief committee
that the premises of. Eusoloff on Wellington avenue had beep put in fair
condition.
The room formerly occupied by the
O.W.V.A. ln block 6, was leased to
the Libert 11 association for tbe winter
months,
A bylaw sanctioning recent saltp
of real estate by the city^-as given
Its third reading.
TOLMIE CANNOT
BE
11 8peclal Correspondence
VICTORIA Nov. 16.—Conserva
tives here still are uneasy about the
tactics Which Or. Tolmie is employing ln his efforts to convince the people that the MaoLean governmenl
ls unpopular ehd slated for defeat al
the next general election. A recent
editorial in the Victoria Daily Times,
admittedly a Liberal newspaper,'but
fair ln Its comments, has got under
the skin of many Tories, it deals
with * speech which Dr. Tolmie delivered i|t a ward meeting the other
day, dn the course of which he
doubted swhether British Columbia
was prosperous, thiB despite the obvious convincing signs which every
bo4'y fs reading. The Times said ln
V***%:
"tJisading men tn the commercial
world, banking institutions, special
newspaper investigators and visitors
from other countries have been telling us for months past that Canada
is in a prosperous condition and that
British Columbia Is especially favored.   But that makes no impression
-II
tl
|    Legislative
f:,-v/4na KETTLE VALLEY ORCHARDIST
=
TWENTY-SEVENTH YEAR—No  3
"Tell me what ymi Know It tru»
I can lueu ** well •■ yog."
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1927
on the mind of Dr. Tolmie. You can
not persuEde him that the wave of
prosperity to which Hon. J. D. Mac-'
Lean and other prominent Canadians,
Remains of The Mayas
have referred several times lately Is      SUN'S WEEKLY TRAVELOGUE
a wave at all; rather does he incline
to the belief thrft lt is 'something in
the form of a backwash.'
"There is no need to mention the
salient facts relating to the cheerful
economic position of British Columbia and the rest of Canada. The people ot this country have seen them
recited in the newspapers for the
last two yetlrs and the.' are thorough-
'y familiar with them. Some were
lead svway by the blue-ruin propaganda with which the Conservative
ir.rty saturated the country in the
fj.tioa campaign of 1925; but they
d'.Kovered their misttjte in a very
sh?rt Kme and acknowledged It by
their action in last year's election.
Since then, of course, conditions havo
continued to Improve. Dr. Tolmie
knows this as well as anybody else;
but ln the absence of a policy he,1 apparently thinks it .still is good business to reltcrato the old and discredited blue-ruin cry.
It Is this disregit-d for true condl-
ditions which Dr. Tolmie consistently manifests that is imitating many
of the fair-minded Conservatives
throughout the province.
Tony~
TilRTY years ago an. old New
England family of American
stock found that it could no
longer "make a living" from the ancestral acres. The farm was only
thirty miles from Boston, moderately good land originally, but worn out
by long and careless agricultural
methods. The family was in danger
of becoming "town charges." The
father sold old place, took his wife
and children to a near by city, and
disappears from the story. Whether
or not he prospered away from the
farm we do not know.
The man who bought tbe farm waB
an Italian immigrant, a thrifty and
industrious fellow f rom Lombardy.
He had a wife and becsjme the father
of four children. Hei put hard work
and plenty of fertilizer into the
ground. Within we years he had
built a new barn for the cows he had
begun to keep. Then he tore- down
the decrepit old farmhouse and built
a comfortable though small dwelling
in its pla|ce. 'Next came a row of
well built sheds for his tools and
work shops, them a new horse barn—
for he understood horses better than
modern farm machinery. All the
time this f mily lived simply, bu
more comfortably than the American
family he had succeeded;the children were well clothed and sent
through the town schools, though
they all had plenty of work to do outside of Bchool hours. Today the
Italian has one of the beet farms ln
that part oft he state, with well kept
buildings nd an excellent cash business ln vegetables and fruits. And
he has $16,000 ln the bank. His children havci grown up and gone away
to de for. themselves. He has taken
c(n orphan boy, a state ward, to whom
he pays twice s much ln wages as
the state requires. He Is teaching
the boy how to Harm, how to save
his money, how to carry responsibility.
Tony Ib growing old, but his greatest happiness is to work at restoring
the waste Part ot his farm, which the
loosci methods of the American funnily had permitted to revert to bushy
pastures nd third growth birch and
pine scrub. He clears the land.pulls
the stumps, digs out the stones,
plants the ground first to hay and
then to vegetable crops. Acre after
acre he has in this way transformed
from unkempt a|nd unprofitable Idleness into cheerful fields ot green
that laugh b ck happily into the
pletased face of their creator. You
should see Tony's eyes sparkle as he
looks at those fields, and hear him
say softly to one who stands beside
him, "Well, I leave the world better
when I go."
A sturdy, useful citizen is Tony,
respected by all who know him, beloved by mil who know him well. He
bas brought something worth while
from It ly to Amctrica. Massachusetts is a better state, 'the United
States a better country, because he
is  here.—Youth's  Companion.
FEW civilizations of the past in
any part of the world have been
so worthy as that disclosed by
the ruined cities of tho Mayas tnu
Central America. From about 600 B.
C. until sometime between 471 and
')0 A.D. the .Mayas lived in the region now included in the states of
Tabasco and Chiapas in Mexico, the
department of Peten ln Guatemala,
and just along the western frontier
of Honduras.
There a mognificent civilization
had beeo developed. This region.now
overgrown with a dense tropical forest, had been cleared and put under
intenhive cultivation. Oreat cities
flourished on every side. Lofty pyra-
I mid-temples and splendid palaces of
cut stone, spacious plazas and
courts with with elaborately carved
monuments of strange ye.it imposing
dignity, mtF'rket places, terraces,
causeways, were to be counted, not
by tens and scores 'but by hundreds
and thousands.
Indeed, it ls not improbable that
this was one of the most densely populated areas of its size in the world
during the first five centuries of the
Chrishtian era, thq seat of a mighty
American empire.
Nor did other arts and sciences lag
behind architecture and sculpture in
the Mayan cultural procession. Metal,
it is true, the Mayas of the Old Empire did not have, but the lack of it
did not prevent them from carving
such a he.\rd substance as jade, which
they madde into beautiful pectoral
plaaques some-times six 1 nches
spuare, showing their principal deities and rulers in acts of adoration or
sacrifice: Necklaces, anklets, wristlets, eelrrings, nose ornaments, deads
and pendants were fashioned from
the same refractory material.
Exquisite wood carvings, delicate
modeling in stucco ceramics, painting, weaving and gorgeous mosaics
made of brilliantly colored feathers
wore some of the othetr arts in which,,
so for as the native races of the New
World are concerned, the Old Empire
Maya acknowledged few effpals and
with the possible exception ot the
Inca in the art of weaving, no superiors. And when one comes to a
knowltdge of the albstract sciences,
such as arithmetic, chronology astronomy, thiC had few peers among
their contemporaries, even in the Old
World.
Great Mayan Exodus
IBut the Mayan Dark Ages were approaching. Art, architecture and
learning wefre soon .to suffer a tern-,
porary eclipse—one, indeed, from;
which the first never again fully re-l
covered. The Mayans during the
sevctnth century were forced to aban-|
don the Old Empire region, where'
they had wrought so laboriously andi
had achieved so splendidly, and to:
seek new homes elsewhere.
The cause.or perhaps better.causes,
of this great Mayan exodus are as
yet obscura Climatic changes rendering the region unfit for further
habitation, internecine strle, foreign
Invasions, Intellectual and soolal exhaustion following hard upon such'
rapid esthetic development, devastating epidemics ot yellow fever, even
Buch a modern manifestation ats the
high cost of living, have been suggested to account for this great historic event
Whatever may have been responsible for this migration, the (act itself is sufficiently clear that Yucatan
waB discovered tp early os the latter half of the fifth century, by advance parties of Old Empire Mayas
pushing northward along the then,
and even still, unexplored forests of
of southern looking for a new and
more promising land ln which to
live.
Yucatan must have held not ai few
disappointments tor these early adventuring Americans. It is at best
but a parched and waterless land.
There is no surface water, and there
Ejre no rivers and Btreams and only
tine or two lakes. The country ls of
limestone formation, with only a subterranean water supply and relatively few places whera this may be got
at naturally. And these flrst Mayan
explorers had neither time nor means
for drilling wells.
Cities by Water Holee
Here or there about the country a
few natural openings or wells have
been formed, great holes in the
vround, sometimes several hundred
felet in diameter, places where the
limestone crust has become undermined and has fallen through, exposing subterranean water. These the
Mayas called cenotes, and wherever
they existed there, by very force of
circumstance, important centers of
populati on were established and
flourished.
The place where Chlchen Itsa, the
great city of the Old Empire, was
later to be founded, was peculiarly
favored ln this respect, for here the
waterless plain of Yucatan is pierced
by two of these great natural wells
within half a mile of each other. Under primitive conditions, this fact
alone determined that an Important
city would one day grow up around
them.
In the late New Empire five centuries or more after the cities of the
Old Empire had beien abandoned and
lay in desolation, buried beneath a
vef3t tropical forest, Chichen Itzahad
grown to ibe the largest city of her
day—indeed, more—the holiest city
of heir times, the Mecca of the Mayan
world.
In 1004 A.D. the three largest city-
states—Chlchen Itza.Uxmal and May-
apan—formed a triple alliance, under
the name of the League of Mayapan,
by which the government of the.peninsula was divided equally among
them.
This ls the period of the true Mayan 'Renaissance. Under the peaceful
conditions and general prosperity
brought about by the league, art and
architecture revived.
But not yet had Chichen Itza
reached her greatest development,
her crowning glory as the holy city
ot the Matyas. In 1201 A.D. the ruler
of Mayapan made successful war on
Chlchen Itza, and from this time until the flnal abandonment, in 1447,
the city was held in thrall iby foreign
rulers, the Toltec-Aztec allies of Hun-
nan Cecil.
This foreign Influence from the distant Vafe of Anahuac gave to the
city not only new rulers, but also new
chstoms, new esthetic inspirations, a
architecture, even a new - rellglon.all
of which reacted powerfully upon the
Itza people and raised their capital
to a position of honor and sanctity
never enjoyed by it or any other
Mayan oity beforei or since.
The conquerors brought with them
the worship of the fair golden-haired
god Quetzalcoatl, the "Feathered Serpent." Removed to Chichen Iiza.this
Toltec Zeus became Kukulcan, a direct Maysln translation of Quetzalcoatl; and presently all over the
northern part of the city, which
dates principally from this last
period, telmples and sanctuaries were
rising to this new god, all adorned
highly realistic representations ofthe
Feathered Serpent—in columns, balustrades, cornices and baB-rellels—
until his sinuous trail was to be seen
on every Bide.
-In two and a half centuries, 1201-
1448 A.D., more buildings went up
in the city than had been built since
its foundation, close to six centuries
earlier.
A considerable part of Chlchen Itza
htls been brought to light by the excavations of the Carnegie Institution
of Washington, begun in 1924. One
ot the prinotpal structures found,
which has been named the Court of
the Columns, covers five acres.
PRINCE  OF   WALE8   KNOW8
CORRECT THING IN  BAGS
(LONDON, Nov. 12.—Thc> Prince of
Wales knows bis luggage. At an
Armistice week exhibition of the
handicraft of disabled ex-service men
he was shown a model of a Boston
bag by Captain JameB Scott of Sheffield.
When the prince left the booth
Captain Scott we|3 observed laughing
heartily.
''What's the Joke," he w*8 asked, j
"The princei opened the bag," said
the captain, "peered Inside, then
asked, "Since the bag has an American na|me, where is thej false bottom
for the whisky bottle?"
NELSON  MAN  EXPIRES
AT WHEEL OF AUTO
NTL80N, Nov. 14.—Charles Jefferson, 68, night watchman of the W.
W. Powell company, drove his automobile service station on Friday
afternoon  for gasoline,  and  expired
while sitting at the wheel He eame
here sly years ago from Areola,Sask.,
and leaves his wife, three daughters
and four sons, all of Nelson, Trail
and Areola.
By Erwin Greer
AUTOMOBILE SHOPPING
WHEN looking for chances to
buy more cheaply, it is best
to get out Into tug byways
and away from the state) roads, hunting out the industrious falrm wife
who lives on the back road and who
knows how to get farm products into
good marketable shape but cannot
easily reach the market. She will
make it an obje-ct for a city housewife to come to her and to keep coming. Often al constant and highly
satisfactory source of supply may be
found in this way.
The farther back into the country
one goes, the morel interesting becomes the experience and the better
are the values onq gets for the money
Besides there are sights and scenery
that are not to be found on the state
road. , u\j_f_
Whon you go right to the ft|rmer
and pay him spot cash for his produce you are the kind of- buyer the
farmer likes to meet, and he is ln
most cases prepared to sell at a bottom price1. There are grasping farmers who are anxious to exa|ct the last
possible cent from the motorist, but
bp shopping a little among t hese
rural sellers you may take you pick.
It is worth while to think over a
list of the farm products available
in the autumn and even in early
winter. Perha|ps a partial list will
suggest the advantage of getting
certain article**- where they are to be
had dn prime condition, perfect freshness and without the retailer's profit
added. Shopping around among the
farmers is not so different from shopping around in town. Thejre are apples and pears, plums and grapes,
potatoes, squash and pumpkins, cabbages, carrots, turnips, turkeys,
ducks, butter and eggs, honey, maple
syrup, chickens, hams a-nd other
dressed meats.
Once acquainted with a farmer
who has treated you well and has
the things you want, it pays to devel
op the friendship and to make the
relations t\3 personal as possible. To
develop frle/ndly relations with u
farmer as a source of supply ls to
make him feel liye giving the bust
value for the money and probably
throwing in sonuithlng additional for
friendship's sake. If a fow little
favors are shown this farmer there
will be reciprocation.
it ls all very nice to go out for a
ride into the country, but lt is in
finitely more interesting to have an
object in going, especially If that ob
jttct Is a basket of beautiful applm
bright and fresh and neither handled
over and bruised by shipment and
by dealers nor wrapped separately
and sold at prices high) r than the
price of oranges tha*-. come from 3000
miles away.
In personal loyalty the loyal can
get as much gratification out of it as
the object of their loyalty does. I
GARDENING  REAL 8PORT
There can be feiw flrst golfers, but
to any owner ot a 60-foot lot may be
given the skill apd good fortune necessary to grow the finest vegetables
in the neighberhood.
And the neighborhood In which esteem is awarded to the best gardener, rather than the Lest golfer, need
make no apologies for its social standards. Th07 aro sound and will be
lasting.
As nl sport gardening is superior to
golf on every count. It is batter for
the health, especially in the case of
elderly persons. In its intellectual
and esthetic ddniands, It is incomparably superior.
Cupid ia a court Uvorite.
THE PRAIRIE
FRUIT MARKET
By J. A. Grant
Markets   Commissioner   for   Prairie
Provinces
CALGARY,Nov. 16— The weather
Is cold and clear again. Business to consumer remains
tqule. Tbe trade is busy storing for
winter. Theire ls considerable snow
stooks wbich is dry enough to shake
off and if dry cold weather continues
no doubt threshing will be resumed.
While the Alberta crop is a record
one and Is about 80 per cent threshed, farmers state that a considerable portion of the wheat ls grading
No. b and No. .. Calgary streets are
crowded with harvesters, who, due to
the] snowfall, are unable to work.
They have brought in their pay
chepues add merchant s aye puile
(busy as a result.
'Fruit men anticipate a raise in
price on winter apples. There is a
general impression that the crop is
short. .Such is not quite correct,
trade is bpying in advatace tbis year,
and the small holdings in British Columbia do not justify shippers in
thinking the surplus has been consumed. Creston and Kootenay Macs
showing heavy loss from pin-point
and black scaib, developing mould
and shrivelling.
British Cotumbu! potatoes in storage may benefit by reports showing
frost through the present cold snap,
and prices will likely stiffen until
milder weather makes country point
supplies available.
First-class timothy hay from central British Columbia should command ;' fair price ln early spring, as
continued we{t weather on prairies
has deteriorated the quality of prairie-grown  timothy.
Berry growers of the FraBer valley are planning a campaign to Insure control of berry marketing. The
organizations are tired holding the
bag for a few shippers on consignment. Tbjs campaign may end thjs
practice. We as the ore'l skmpuport
of other organized districts to help
the organized Eraser valley growers.
NEW ANGLE TO
Special Correspondence
BICTORIA, Nov. 16.—Still .more
light has been shed on the Nelson
by-election as far aB thei Liberal majority is concerned. Already It has
been pointed out that the riding Is
traditlonijlly a Conservative one; but
a correspondent has writte-n to the
newspapers here emphasizing this
point still further.   He says:
"One notes that the Hon. S. F. Tolmie, seeking to justify the poor show
ing of the Conservative party ln tho
recent Nelaon by-election, advances
oil) | single argument, which would
appei/r is the only solace left to the
shattered rangs of Toryism, namely,
that the Liberal majority was considerably reduced from that obtained
at Um last election.
"ThiB argument would be effective,
were it 'true, and it Is doubtless the
ConHervnltlve leader's hop,, that his
statement will not lie subjected to too
oqhaustlve an analysis. The whole
matter turns on Dr. Tolmfe's statement, 'At the last election tho Liberals had a majority of 81$,' Tills !s
misleading. 'The last election ln
NelBon in i!!26, w|vr the Conservative
candidate, W. K. Haling, a majority
of 112 votes over bis Liberal opponent, It. 11. Gale. Thus it will oe
Been that 140 of the electorate of
Nelson have not hesitated to expres
thsrough the medium of the franchise their entire satisfaction with
the progressive, Bound and businesslike i ^ministration of the Hon. Dr.
MacLean and his Liberal colleagues"
Impartial observers, of course, aro
aware that a government, after being
ln office for more than ten yetp-s, tha
can win two by-elecUons within a few
weeks has the confidence of the
country.
BIG   DROP   RECORDED
IN  C08T OF  LIVING
OTTAWA, Nov. 18.—The avorage
cost of a weekly family budget of 29
staple foods waB $10.99 at the beginning of October, as against $10.87
for September. In October, 1914,tbe
average cost wris $7.99, and ln June,
11120, the peak, $16..»2.
Thei figures are given in a return
from the Dominion bureau of statistics. THE SUN: GRAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
uth? tgtmb ffitrka §mt
G. A. EVANS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
•SUBSCRIPTION RATES—PAYABLE IN ADVANCE
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) $1.00
One Year (in the United States)      1.50
Addresr -" -'-'cations to
•Thr Grand Porki Suh
Phonk 101 Grand Forks, B CJ
OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVENIJB AND LAKE STREET.
FRIDAY. NOVEMBER 18, 1927
Notes • Notions • Notables
THERE Is a niche for everyone to fill and a work which
eaeh ct'i do well. It ls not enough that one be kept
busy; he must do that for which his faculties are fitted
and which no one else may be ble to do as well. We
have all seen men digging postholes who could have been
mak|ntel Jaws, and we have seen others in high ollicial
positions who were, better calculated to drive a truck.
Out of place in one ease through lack of confidence nd
initiative, and in the other, through lack of a sense of
true dignity and consistency in human conduct.
A REMARKABLE flsh story comes from Klaina, on the
Bouth coast of Australia. While two men were fishing there one hooked a big green eel of a species which
invar! bly tangles a line by tying itself into innumerable knots. While he -.was pulling the eel through th,.
wt|ter, he felt a sudden addition in the weight, and when
the anglers landed the catch, they saw that the eel had
tieda knot round the tail of a shark, nd hung on until
both wert pulled ashore.
wear your hair in that funny waty over your ears?" "Well,"
he replied, "there's a romance, connected with that.
"I nevor would have guessed it. What is the romance?"
I asked. "You see," said hd, "while I was courting Mrs.
Bryan, she objected to the way my ears stood out, and so
I let the hafir grow to cover them." "And now that you
have caught the street car," said I, "don't you think you
ought to do something for humanity at large—yith scissors " "No," said Bryan slowly; "the romance is still
going on." And that is the prettiest line I ever heard
him utter.
rp HE ancients apparently liked economy -ind weren't
•l averse to making their burial places do double duty.
Archaeologists believe sarcophagi uncovered near C en,
Fra,ncc by road workers were twice used. Antiquarians
iduniily the ancient stone burial cells as the Merovingian
period, but skeletons and ether evidence are believed to
indicate clearly th t the sarcophagi built and used inthe
seventh century were used again in the eleventh century.
The excavations were only four feet under aln old cemetery Wall.
THE reason tht'l popular college youths do not get as
high marks as the bookworms is not, as commonly
believed, just that they do not care to work as hard, but
that they are likilly to rate lower in brain power, reports
Dr. W. H. Sheldon of tests made at ihe University of
Chicago. However, brains and outstanding leadership
Beemed to go togethe|r. The notion that large-bodied men
rank higher in sociability than thin men, but lower in
scholarship aud intelligtnco, appei'.-ed to havi/ some support from the figures.
IN an Illinois town a man sued his wife for divorce, and
the neighbors knew he' had cause for his restlessness.
The wife promptly began selling his goods and took some
unfair advantages of him. Being a rather helpless sort
of man, the other mejn raised money a'nd hired a lawyer
to see that the protesting husband got a fair break. It
the the newest thing we have heard of this month. Usually the atep throw jokes and rocks at a protesting husband. Are husbands realizing thc necessity of stathding
together more?
ONE of the sporting pastimes of Texas is shooting coyotes from automobiles on the prairies. A Northerner
who has just returned frtmi the Lone Star state* has the
following to Bay: "It is gret|t sport to hunt coyotes with
a high powered car. They run on ths prairies and can't
get away unless they escape into tho timber. T,hey are
beet, but of course they can't outrun a car. I've shot
them from a car going 50 miles an hour."
(■CPU-IE plan you menbioneld for an island in the Atlantic
a. seems quite feasible," writes J. R. C. "There are
plateaus considerably less than a thousand feet deep, 1
understand, and on one of these a few hundred old iron
stea|ni8hips laden with concrete could be sunk. When
the surface was reached the space between these ships
could bc filled in with sardine cans, old spark plugs and
used safety razor blades. Thus island stations could be
made for aviators to lipid on. They also could be used
to Isolate young fellows who are learning to play the
sexophonS."
IT IS claimed that flrst five-dollar bill pinted in the
United States is in Illinois in the Qreen County State
bank, •'•■t is clidmed th t David E. 1-lerson, a friend of
Abraham Lincoln, was in Washington at the time the
bills were. Issued, and that he secured the first 200 five-
dollar bills from the United States treasury department
They are stjll ln the Imnk where tliey were de|iosited,
never having been In circulation.
A STUDY of the heart action of a l lan put to death li
*"* the electric cbalr may bo made lit Sing Sing prison
to deturnilno if the shock actually I ills, lf plans now
being considered is)ro can-led out, delicate apparatus will
be attached to criminals as Ihey are strapped into tlle
chair. This will record thc| heart anion before, during
and after the current has been passed throug the body.
'PUIS Imperial legal Investigating committee of Japan
•*■ has voted to mocnmmend to the diet a revlBlon of thc
law covering licensing of practicing attorneys so that
women lawyers may be admitted to the bar. At present
no woman is eligible to practice before the Japanese
courts.
TA7 1RELBSS telephony ha!s brought about important
* ' changes in modofrn methods of whaling. Many Antarctic c whalers recently have been enabled to cruise
farther afield and to adopt tactics in locating and killing
whales which would be impossible without this means of
Intercommunication.
A }r*!G octopus was found in the net of two Buskie
***■ (-Scotland) fishermen. The monster, which had been
dathed against the ropka by the heavy ete\ and killed,
was furnished with eight tentacles, a couple of long feelers, and over flve hundred suckers.
■fi7 HILT we were working t hi|d a great deal
** William  Jennings  Bryan,  writes  Joseph
cal of fun with
Cummings.
In his long adventurous op.reer be had grown well accustomed to banter, which. In private «1 l'last, hn never resented.   For  instance,  I  said,  "Mr.  Bryan,  why  do you
OLD Fort Halkeftt, an ancient trading post of the Hud-
eon's Bay company, located dn the remote Liard country, which was aban-.'.^ned nearly one hundred years ago
and since lost, has been found. The old post has been
thet object of many unavailing searches in the last forty
years. John Dalzell, trapper, aided by a tip from friendly Liard Indlnas, discovered the site near the mouth of
Coal creek. An old root cellar gave him thei first clue
and he followed an old trail three miles to a lake, nine
miles long by thiye miles wide. On the south bank of
this lake stood an old cabin of squared logs (all Hudson's Bay posts are constructed of squared logs), tho
windows of which were covered with parchments ot caribou skins. A quantity of lead for bullet 'molding was
found. Da|lzell is bringing out interesting mementos of
the old post.
WHEN you once get started ln joy giving, it's easy to
keep it up. The | fact that you give joy, brings can-
didsates for your magic touch constantly before you. The
returning benefits of having given joy keep yous upplled-
with the means of joy giving. So you just increase the
ever enlarging stream thi|t through you ministers to your
fellows. And your own joy increases with each new ex
-pression of your good will. The joy-giving habit grows
upon you and you would be perfectly miserable without
the chance of helping others to happier days. It's real
joy.-^Qrit.
rHERT Is probably no weapon In all history that is better known than the "sword of Damocles," as it is usually called, says a writer In the Bancouvejr Province. It
was not the posseJiiion of D*.\moclesa -t all. He would
not have had lt at any price. As a matter of fact it belonged to Dionysius, the cruel, vindictive and suspicious
ruler of Syracuse,' in the Mediterranean, three or four cen-
tures before Christ. It is one of the strangest things
going that this ruler's playful trick of asking Da\mocles
to dinner and hanging his sword over his head by a single
hair, should have come down to us throug the cepturies
so- that every young writer now uses it to point his moral
and to adorn his tale. Two or three classic poets referred
to it, and everybody who could use, a) pen have been referring to it ever ei nee—people who, Uke Pickwick's fat
boy, have a desire to make our besb creep. Thei Dano-
clean sword is continually hanging over us in one way
or another. Poor old Damocles, who was nothing but a
subservant and flattering diner-out, had no ldeat hat he
would be so weil known as he Is. In his own flay he
didn't even havo his portrait put in the paper. It was
a queer way of convincing a hanger-on that he was a
bore.
E
SCIENCE RECORDS BIG PROGRESS IN AVIATION
XPERI'MENTERS are frying to develop goggles   that
will  protect aviators' eyes from the strain they undergo without interfering with their vision,
Regular dally airplane passenger service now links
pramtlcally all the large cities of Europe as far east as
Leningrad, Moscow and Constantinople.
For experimental purpose(h with a view to commercial
service the government of Czechoslovakia has had ai ten-
passenger airplane built.
English experimenters have found that airship engines
run more smoothly if small quantities of hydrgen or coal
gas are admitted with the regular fuel during suction
strokeh.
The world's largest passenger airplane, built in France,
carries its riders on three decks and is driven by five
motors.
Aviators covering regular air and mall routes in the
United State's in the course of a- year fly about 6,000,000
miles ah compared with 3,000,000 registered by French
flyers.
Poems From EasternLands
PER8IA
With my heart's blood I wrote to one most dear:
"The earth seems doonuhtruck if thou are not near.
"My eyes a hundred signs of absence show:
These tears are not their only signs of woe."
I gained no boon from her fori abor spent:
"Who tries the tried will in the end repent."
I asked how fared she; the physician hpake:
"Afar from her ls health; but near h-^r stpbe."
The EaB-wlnd from my Moon removed her veil:
At morn shone forth the Sun from vapors pale.
I said: "They'll mock lf I go round thy lane."
By Cod! no love escapes the mocker's bane.
Gfant HAfl-s' prayer:
"One cup, by life so sweet!"
He hooks a goblet
With thy grt|.'e  replete!
—From The Divan of Haflz
Tfce Spice of Life
NONE OF HI8 BU8INE8S ANYWAY
Capt. A. B- Randall of the steam-
shship Republic tells a story which
we Kind reported In the Pittsburg
Sun.
"A steward," he said, "stood tthe
gangway of a ship of mine, and as
he stood there he kept shouting for
the benefit of the arriving passengers:
"'First-class to the right. Second-
class to the left'
A young lady stepped daintily
aboard with a b by in her arms. As
•ihe hesitated before the steward he
bent over her and said In hie chivalrous way:
"'First  or  second?'
"'Oh!' said the girl, her face ns
ed as a rose, 'O dear, it's—It's not
•nine.'"
ICI-B'ITITI•».•!-.'I< •**>■    IV'.-'
Workmen  formed  an  archw y  of
nicks    at   a roadmender's wedding.
The bridegroom was rather nervous,
''oaring a whistle might sound at ai
rltical moment.
CONQUERING,THE  HEIR
Mother—No, Willie-, I    don't   care
■hat your father says, you    re not
,'oing to by to Paris tonight!
TE8TING AN  OLD PROVERB
"Why are you giving up medicine
to go into the ministry?" asked the
friend. "Well," explained the discouraged young doctor, "I have %1-
•visys understood it is much easier to
preach than to practice, and Ih ve-
a't made much of a success at practicing, that's sure."
Neuritis
Proved safe by millions and prescribed by physicians for
Neuritis       Colds      Headache       Lumbago
Neuralgia     Pain       Toothache     Rheumatism
DOES NOT AFFECT THE HEART
m
Accept only "Bayer" package
which contains proven directions.
Handy "Bayer" boxes of 12 tablets
Also bottles of 24 and 100—Druggists.
A»plrln Is the trad* mark (reglstcml In Canada) of Bayer Mam-farjtnra of Monoiettle-
S'Wsi' S»"W"«»«I<1 (Acetyl Salicylic Acid, "A. 8. A."). Wlillo It Is well known
wtt Aiplrln meana Bayer masissfactiim, to amlst ttie public against Imitation*, tho Tableta
of Bayer Oompany wUl be atamped with their general trado auk, tlu "Bayer Ona."
GRACIOUS
"Did you hear about the accident
in the subway?"
"No—what wa|s tt?"
"A lady got a seat!"
"Please, m 'am, may we borrow
your phonograph "
"What, at this time of night! Do
you want to dance?"
"No, we wanta sleep."
A   GOOD   HOLIDAY  TRICK
La|y n apple and a pear upon the
table. Tell a person to hold one In
each hand. While your back Ib
turned, the person must hold either
the apple or the pear to his head for
a few moments. Then the hands are
to be placed side hy side on thai table. |
Looking at the truit, you can lin-
medl tely tell whioh one wo(s chosen
and held to the head—the apple or
thei pear.
The fruit has nothing to do with
the trick. Any objects may be used,
but you Bhould stress the ones you
use so bb to divert attention from the
secret
The hands tell thel story. W hen
one band ls raised to the head the
blood leaves it, and lt becomes quite
white, and the veins becomei small.
With one gl nee you can tell which
hand was held to the head.
THT RULING PA8SI0N
Landlady—-Bight     o'clock,     eight
o'mlomk."
Auctioneer   (sleepily)—Who'll make
it ninel?.
CITY  REAL  ESTATE
FOR SALE
Applications fnr immediate purchase of Lott*
untl Acreage owned by thc City, within tin-
Municipality, nre invited.
Prices j—-From $25.0!) per lot upwards.
Terms j-- Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may be seen at the
CityJOflice.
JOHN   \-
HUTTON.
City Clrrk,
"How Ja like my new dress; it's ai
sample "
Youth (spmjpathdtically)—You do
n't get much for notbin' these days,'
do you?
<lAncient History
(COMPILED 'ROM TWENTY-YEAR OLD 8UN FILE.8.'
A meeting of the directors of the Cascade Power company this week endorsed the sale of the plant of that com
pany to the West Kootenay Power & Light company.
This ends the bitterly contested flght between the two
companies.
Jay P. Graves Bays the duratidh of the shut-down of the
Qranby smelter and mineh depends on the copper market.
About 2000 men are thrown out of work in the Boundary
by thei close-down.
P. D. McDonald, of the Queens hotel, will erect a new
hotelnear the Great Northern station.
.Qeorge Bernard Sh w was ridiculing the American marriage system,
or rather the ease with which divorces are obtained there.
"I was at a dinner here ln Londons"
he scoffed, "when I heard an American girl t-jnd a young English ch p
discussing their approaching marriage.
" 'But don't you think that being
married on a Friday might be unlucky?' the Englishman asked. To
wbich the Amerlc n girl replied:
'"That's so! You wouldn't be afble
to get a divorce before 'Monday.'"
TOO RECKLE88
"It's the regret of her'life that she
has never been able to afford a trip
on die ocean."
"Wants to see the world, I suppose,?"
"No; she hap a remedy for seasickness th t she's just crazy to try."
Sometimes the informality
of the spoken word
is more effective
than a letter.
'LONG DISTANCE, PLEASE'
James Chalmers, of Qranby, Que., left for Spokane last
Saturday, after visiting his son and daughter in this city
for a   week.
RAISED TROUBLE
,"So the Browns haveh ad a disagreement and separated. What was it
atbout?"
"She wanted to h ve her face lifted, and he insisted that it be the
mortgage."
If a man can lead, he will.
ENEMIE8 NOW
"What's the difference between
vision and sight?"
"That's easy; my girl is a vision,!
yours is a| sight."
EXPIANATION,   PLEASE!
Mae—Did you like my acting
Bill—When you left the   stage
said it was the best thing you did.
British  Columbia Telephone
Company
tiniHiii iiiii![itiiiiiiiiiinmtii[niiiiiifiii!ifiiiifffli!innmiiiii[ii!fiiiHi]t!ii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiinininiiiHiiiintii^
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year
■M
W**
****. THB SUN: GRAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
■>
GENERAL NEWS
establishing what is bellevwi va
be a world roccrd, J. H. Hoover, of
battleford,   Sasi;,  recently  dug  a  i
total of 171 pota  ies from one hill, j
A new record for the Port of
Montreal was set up Si jjrday, Octo- I
ber 22nd, wilh 1,045 ocean-going
steamers having entered the port
this season (with five weeks or so
yet to run), as compared with 1,042
for the whole of last season.
All wheat yields in a season of
amazing returns went by the board
on October 26th when J. F. Cook, of
Magrath, 24 miles south of Lethbridge, Alberta, reported a return
of 176 bushels on a piece of fallowed land measuring slightly over
two acres.,
Hon. W. E. Poster, Chairman of
the Saint John Board of Harbor
Commissioners, announces that plans
for the first unit ln the enlarged
harbor facilities for Saint John
would include four new steamship
berths and an elevator of 2,000,000
bushel capacity and that plans for
"-these would be prepared at once.
They will be located on the western
side of the harbor.
Increasing Interest is being manifested throughout the country ln the
project sponsored  by  the  Depart-
i ment of National Defence regarding
light-aeroplane    clubs,    and    two
.queries have been received formally
requiring the Government to fulfil
its part of the scheme by shipping
the two Moth planes promised under
* the provisions of the plan.   Mont-
. real and Edmonton are the first two
applicants.
Inaugurating a direct mail service
by air from Quebec City to Ottawa
and bringing Britieh mail to tire-
Capital 48 hours ahead of regular
train schedule, a seaplane with first
class mail from the Canadian Pa-
- cific. liner .- "Montroyal" landed on
the Ottawa River near the Parlia-
i ment Buildings. This Is the first
mail to reach Ottawa by tlie air, and
U, part of a more general experiment on the part of the postal
authorities.
Champion Stallions of Four Countries
1. "Lord
to board
WUllMdon," S10.SOO Clydeadalf, one of the flneat Stallions erer bred In the Old Country. **" 2. W. J. McCallum, et left, about
plane for Parlaonhorae-buylnt tour.   _ 3. C.P. R. Freighter "Bollngbroke."     4. "Commander of Moraton," an Engllah
Manitoba's first fox show will be
held from November 80th to December 3rd, in. the old Hudson's Bay
store at Winnipeg. J. H. Evans,
Deputy Minister of Agriculture, will
be superintendent, and. A. M. Doyle
general manager. There will be
eight-classes including one for the
best pair of matched foxes, one for
groups or herds and ona for the
most desirable fox from a pelt
standpoint. Several championships
will be awarded, all of which ara
open to all classes.
What is said to be the most valuable shipment of horses ever to
reach Canada arrived in Montreal
recently aboard tbe Canadian Pacific freighters "Bosworth" and
"Bolingbroke." The owner is W.
J. McCallum, of Brompton, Ont., and
Regina, who secured these prise
animals in England, Scotland,
Prance and Belgium. They include
the famous "Lord Willingdon," for
which Mr. McCallum paid $10,000.
The horses will be sold throughout
the West after being exhibited at
Toronto, Chicago, Guelph and Ottawa.
Canadians would be considerably
surprised if the/were given full de-
-tails of the British investment going into Canndian channels at the
§ resent time, according to E. R.
'eacock, director of the Bank of
England and pf the Canadian Pacific Railway. The Britisher does
not seek publicity in his. business
deals, he stated, with the result that
large sums of money were often
placed in the Dominion and .never
heard of. A case in point he mentioned was the investment of himself and five other capitalists of
£200,000 In timber interests in British Columbia five years ago, and
upon the success of the venture the
further investment of £300.000.
What is considered to be the finest
and most valuable shipment of
horses ever to reach Canada arrived
in Montreal recently from England
and Europe on board the Canadian
Pacific freighters, Bosworth and
Bolingbroke. The animals are owned
by W. J. McCallum of Brampton,
Ont.,  and  Regina,  Sask.,  ana re-
Sresent the pick of the champion
eavy hemes of England, Scotland,
France and Belgium, having been
purchased by Mr. McCallum during
a 20,000-mile motor tour of the rural
areas of the British Isles and the two
countries of Europe. The horses
were shipped to Brampton prior to
being exhibited at the Winter Fairs to
be held within the next few weeks at
Toronto, Chicago, Guelph and Ottawa. Some idea of the value of the
large shipment, can he obtained by
the fact that one of the horses Included in the shipment, "Lord W:l-
lingdon" was purchased hy Mr. McCallum for a price e:;ceed'n--; '.0,000.
Over a quarter of a million t'.c!b.rs
champion Included In the ahlpment.
has been invested by Mr. McCallum,
in Percherons, Clydesdales, SuSolks
and Belgians. His first shipment to
Canada this year included 14 animals
which reached Montreal in August.
The owner who crossed from England
this trip aboard the Metagama,
personally looks after the important
details in connection with the handling of his horses.
Questioned as to the damage done
to the horse industry through the
introduction of tractors and other
mechanical farm implements to take
the place of horses, Mr. McCallum
stated that gasoline had done all the
damage to the horse industry possible. There was a scarcity of good
horses in Canada and Great Britain,
he said, due to the fact that the
number of good horses bred had
trreatly decreased. He believes that
the introduction of high-class ani-
lr.als into the country will go a long
v.-cy towards stimulating tne raising
of better quality horses.
The history of a great number of
his horses carry the record of championships won at practically all the
fairs and exhibitions in Great Britain, France and Belgium. '"Lord
Willingdon," the stallion for which
he paid over $10,000, is the most
valuable horse with the present lot
and one of the finest horses ever
bred overseas. He was the only two-
year-old winning double championships in Scotland this year, being
champion at the Royal Show, Newport, Scotland, and champion at the
Kilmarnock Show. This stallion will
go back to Scotland for breeding
purposes.
Mr. McCallum's up-to-date method
of engaging in the norse-buying industry is borne out by the fact that
he does considerable travelling by air,
and he recounts many exciting incidents when forced landings were
made on account of fogs and stormy
weather. His systematic tours of
rural districts in England, Scotland
and Europe are done, however, by
motor during the summer months.
IMPROVING BRITI8H
COLUMBIA FLOCKS
The experimental sta Ion at Invermere, B. C> is carrying on extensive
work in poultry raising. White Leghorns are exclusively bred. The projects mentioned particularly ln the
1926 report of the superintendent, R.
G. Now on, gives as the principal project! pedigree breeding, hatching,
rearing, experimental feeding, housing and management. The poultry
area Is so arranged as to give young
chicks fresh ground each year. In
this way dt Is expected that worm
Infection and diseases will ibe kept
well under con roi. All the pullets
and hens are trc|p-nested, individual
records of each being keptr Fo identity marks both leg and wing bands
are used, and records are kept of the
weights of each hen's eggs. By caret-
ful attention to ma ing, using only
selected males, the laying qualities
of the flock are being built up. This
report, which is distributed by thc
publications branch of the department of agriculture at Ottawa, states
that here is a) fair demand for setting eggs' and breeding cockerels,
which tare distributed at reasonable
prices throughout the territory
served by the s ation.        ,
NO TO BE CONSOLED
-tittle Katherine was crying, not
for for anything in particular, but for
everythinb in veneral. Her mother,
trying to divert her attention, said:
"Oh, look at that pretty horse tied
out thercl"
But Katherine took it as one more
grievance in life, saying: "I want
that horae to be a) mule."
8AYS CAPITAL  AVAILABLE
FOR PURCHASE OF P.G.E.
NORTH VANCOUVER, Nov. 14.—
Old country capital to the extent of
$35,000,000 Is obtainable for completion of the Pacific Great Eastern railway, from North Vancouver to Edmonton, according to Alcix Philip,
former magistrate and meember of
the boi|rd of trade here.
Mr. Philip says that he has been
negotiating  some  months  with  English   capitalists.   He  announces  that
a   concrete   offer of $35,000,000 has
been   received. .It   is   estimated. Mr.
Philip sU'tes, that completion of the
j line, line, as proposed, will cost ap-
i proximately $30,000,000,    leaving    an
' additional    $5,000,000    for contlngcn-
' des.
Mr.    Philip   will not   disclose iny
further  details   o fthe offer until he
can confer with Premier J. D. Mac-
Lean on his nfurn    from    tbe    premiers'      conterence.     On    Tuesday
[ neyt, however, n| meeting of citizens
| of North    Vancouver will be held In
j Mr. Philip's office   and a   committee
' appointed  to  discuss  the  details   of
j the proposed offer.
Dyspepsia is the parent ot many
disagreeable qualities.
NEED  FOR 8PEED
What President Wilson said was
the best negro story he had heard
-since his arrival in Europe, he retold
to the American newspaper men during thei return voyage across the
English channtl after his visit to
London.   Here It Ib:
A group of negro soldiers were In
aj front-line trench on the eve of an
attack. A white officer approached
one of them and asked:
"What would you do, Jim, lf you
suddenly saw the whole German cavalry coming straight at you?'
"■What would I do, dobs?" repeated
Jim. "Why,,I sure would spread the
news through Fri/nce."
L088 OF NOT ONE FATHER
A physician summoned to keep -
rendezvous with old Doctor Stork,
found Pfiter famillas pacing up and
down thn corridor of the home,
greatly upset. The doctor smiled.
Then he ptltted the head of the family on the back.
"Now don't you worry, old man,'
he said, "don't you worry at all. I've
been taking carei of things Uke this
for nearly forty years, and you know
I haven't lost a, afther yet."
m
DO YOU WANT
THE PEOPLE
TO READ YOUR
ADVERTISEMENT
People take The" Sun
because they j|believe
it is worth the price we
charge] for it. It is
therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents, including
advertisn.ents. This
is not always the case
wifh newspapers that
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
WE DO NOT
WANT CHARITY
ADVERTISING-
Advertising "to help
the editor." .But we do
want businessadvertis-
ing by progressive business men who know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If you have something to offer the public that will Lbenefit
them and you as well,
the newspaper reaches
more people than a bill
board
READERS
E(NOW WHAT
^EY WANT
;«nd if you have the
goods you cnn do business with them THE SUN: GRAND FOBKS, BBITISH COLUMBIA
Better Value
"SALADA"
MTmmmTk
Economy in its rich drawing freshness.
THECiTYPhoenix
Wood seonis to lie a scarce article
at present, and people who have thclt
commodity for sale are said to be inclined to elevate the price. If It becomes too costly, consumers have the
satisfaction of knowing that there
ls no law against installl g cor.l
stoves.
Parcels and other mail for delivery ln European countries before
Christmas should be mailed at as
early il date as possible, preferably
within the next two weeks, and at
tbe very latest to connect with the
SJS. Montclare from Saint John on
December 0.
C. F. Naffziger, of Pullman, Wash.,
who Cs interested in the Pathfinder
mine, *.vr.3 in the city yesterday. A.
E. Savage took him up to the North
Fork property.
A. Nyberg, John Nybci-*-* and G.
Strom, of Fife, were in the city on
Wednesday as witnesses In the
Holm-Talarico  esse.
D. McPherson went up to Franklin
camp on Wednesday with a truck-
load of supplies for tho Union mine.
Mrs. F, J Miller, who underwent a
surgietj operation '.n the Grand
Forks hospital last Saturday is improving very rapidly.
Jeff Davis has been confined to his
home with a severe cold during the
present week.
C. 'R. -Hosmer, vice-president of the
Consolidated Mining & Smelting
company and a director of the C.P.
H„ died in Montrel this week.
Ben Norris returned from the coast
on Sunday evening.
Mr. and Mrs. Neii Mtlieson ire
spending the present week in Spokane.
I
Mr. and Mrs. L. Riddell have
moved into ,Mrs. Poulto 'a Ihome Eor
the winter months.
Registered letter envelopes, No. 8,
size 6'/£x3% inches, for domestic as
well as foreign letters, embossed with
a 10-cent stamp on the flap for the
payment of registration fee, can now
be obtained ,-jt the post olliee. and are
sold to the public at 11 cents each.
These envelopes are of a linen structure and afford greater security to
the contents than the ordinary paper
envelope ordinarily used.
EARN $26 WEEKLY at home addressing envelopes. No canvassing. Everything furnished. Sparu
or full tlmo. Particulars for stamp.
Mailing Service, Box 9, Sydney, N.S.
THREE DAYS' SITTING OF
THE COUNTY COURT
Hia honor Judge J- ll. Brown tire-
sided over a three days' Hitting of tho
county court in Mils cily on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday ot
thiB week.
Tho ensn of A. 1'. Holm vs. Frank
Talnrico, being nn t|*tlOfi for damages In nn automobile accident, was
disposed of, ns was also thc ease of
Edith Twclla vs. Chahley, but the
Judge rL'H IV01' his decision in both
cases.
The   cases   of    ll. Ci | npbell vs.
Sam Talarlco el, al., and TalarlCO et'
al. vs. Tbe    McRae    Creek    Lumber.
Company, wero adjourned until next:
Wednesday.
Three rases were transferred to
Greenwood, to ba tried there on the
25th inst.
PHOENIX, the most recently de-
Berted of the northwest "ghost
cities," was recentyl visited by a
writer for a group of northern Washington nelwspapers, who described
graphlcactlly the change that hoa
come over the camp alne the Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting
and Power company conducted lorge
scale mining operations there.
Thei few years that have passed
since Phoenix was a city mt^y be
judgtd by the monument to the men
who lost their lives In the World
war, which stands at the head of
what was the principal street. Still
Proenix is a youngsteramong the
mining camps—the vrst white child
born there—named Phoenix Swanson, aged 28, is now employed by the
Granby company at Copper mountain, where his father, Steve Swanson, is generajl foreman of minee.
These details were not given in the
article of the Okanogan county reporter, whose description as published dn the Omak Chronicle follows
in part:
Within we hours' drive from Omak
is one of the strangest places in the
world: This is tlie "ghost city" of
Phoenix, situated in the clouds six
miles up from Greenwood, B. C. The
spectacular boom ef Phoenix eclipsed
that of Ruby, oncj the county seat
of   Okanogan   county.
In its heydey PhDenlx was a feverish town of at lea it three or four
thousand souls. Today, three-storey
hotels, beautiful residences, its
churches, dance hells, and stores He
crumbling in ruins. The streetB that
once echoed to tl e trcjoip of thousands of feet nev clainm but one
permanent  resident.
Last Saturday the writer made the;
trip over the histo ic trail that goes I
through Brldesvill", the old mining
town of 'Rock Crek, Midway, and
thence to Grettnw-jod, once of the |
liveliest mining camps in the west. I
Sunday the trip v/as mEide up the j
Phoenix hill, the b.vse of which was
enveloped in foog. As thei car
purred up the stcap grade the fog'
fell behind and ln a few minutes the ■
outskirts of Phoeniy werel in view.
Soon one gazed on a spectacle that
can be dupliced in but a few plaices
in the world.
Phoenix's two streets were once
lined solid with buildings, but since
the boom died some two hundred
buildlngh have been torn down and
carried away. Many buildings ( however, remark and are an impressive
sight, boarded, ghostly and silent In
the canyon. The Brooklyn hotel, a
three-storey structure, still stands
in good condition, but across the
street the old Morin-Thompson hfird-
mare store has crumbled to pieces.
The city has two imo Important
streetB, divided by a deep canyon,
bridged at several places,
The, main street, on the west side
of the canyon, Is still lined with huge
frame buildings, many of which have
fallen to pieces. A splendid brick
building still bears the sign of Morin-
Thompson. Higher up on the hill,
looking spick and span, Is the hospital, although the inside is in ruins.
In the main part of the city and
flanking the hills are scores of beautiful residences, boarded and ghostly, while dn the lower end of thc
town is the remains of the old brewery.    v
As one stands on a knoll at the
upper end of the canyon, across and
high up on the hillside rears the
nammoth buildings of the Granby
company, which alone at one time
employed a thousand men.
Phoenix was started in 1891, when
a prohpector, Henry White located
the Ironsides and Knob Rill claims.
Soon thei Granby company started
the Brooklyn, Stemwinder, Snowshoe
nnd others.
Almost overnight Phoenix was a
lusty city. Buildings sprang up.tlie
Great Northern and C.P.R. had rall-
j roads to - it, and trainloads of ore
were going night and day to the
smelters at Grand Forks and Green
wood,
,Tt was a town that packed more
romance into its 'brief history than
r.ost towns would in a century.
J. H. Goodeve of Greenwood can
remember times when he saw as
fc.'gh as $25,000 pass across the table
ir. a faro geime ln one night.
.George Rumberger, "Father ofPhoe-
nl->-," was maor and ymaintained law
aid  order.
C. A. Powell, of Oroville, was then
manager of the Hunter-Kendricks
store at Grand Forks. They bad .•
(branch office at Phoenix. They sent
up a carload of smoked meat every
week, which gives some idea of the
business done there.
The Granby company was tearing
out tbe hugel glory hole half as big
els the city of Omak. The Masts, day
and night, shook the town. The ore
was all low grade and was chipped
on an enormous scale. There were
other famous producers, such as the
Brooklyn, Stemwinder and Snowshoe
It is estimated that '100,000,000 has
been taken out.
Then  came   the  disastrous  slump
Where Wolves WiU Ron With Huskie Dogs
A*                    ...                 -    ..
1       l I   ".
.    i
r *. ,
1
■■■■X&-'--*
'Ji*.
-^sv-j$Ms'!
tT < i_m*
LEVITY  RESENTED
A man who had bought a very ve!-
uable building site was surveying his
newly acquired property ln a mood
of reverie, when a stranger, in a similar mood,  accosted him.
"Sir," said  the man,  "I  remember
when this property was a farm. Why, j
I buried a dog here In those    days.
And now he-ir that It has been sold
for half a million.'
"Yes," Bald the new owner, with a]
smile.   "I bought it."
The stranger was obviously hurt.
"But.   what   I'm   tellliTg   you," he |
said, is the truth.' ;
An entirely new and unique test
will soon be mude at the Chateau
Frontenac, Quebec, by Arthur Beauvais, driver of tie Frontenac dog
team. He has thru wolves which he
has reared from babyhood. These
have been kept in a kennel in the
same building with his huskies. They
are shy little thin--a and appear as
aliens among the dogs. They are not
as playful as pups, and to overcome
their shyness Beauvais often puts
three little huskie pups in for playmates when thoy forget themselves
and seem less homesick for their
parents and the great out-doors.
These little creatures are now only
eight months old, yet in this short
time have learned much of mortals,
and they have already had one trip to
Boston where they were exnibited by
the Canadian Pacilic Bailv/ay at the
Sportsman's Show.
One morning a brand new sporty
looking collar was placed on one.
and the dignity this wild animal
suddenly acquired was amazing. , It
waa like a child with new shoes. It
turned its little head first one side,
then the other and sat down in a
sedate manner, all four feet together
and held its head high haughtily and
s:iid with its eyes 'now look at me".
Do wild animals understand? Yes
Indeed, that wild beast was aa self-
conscious as any human decked out
in a new regalia.
Shoitly after tho return of the
volves from BoRton, one cf tho little
creatures sprained its shoulder. When
Beauvais entered the building and
went up to the kennel, or compartment allotted them, which haa wire
netting around, the poor little thing
came up to him for sympathy. It
was duly rubbed with lotions and
cared for, not in the least resenting
anything which was done for it.
A cute little sleigh, French-Canadian in design, has been built for it
and the picture shows little Master
Beauvais all ready for his first ride
as soon as the wolf is harnessed. It
is now three months since tbis wild
animal has been tame enough for this
little child to play with, and one
wonders if the old saying "A Httle
child shall lead them" can be applied
in this instance. It can, however be
stated that when this picture was
taken the wolf had to be literally
pulled out of the street back to its
kennel. It was interested in the
people around, the dogs, the taxia and
sleighs which passed as he posed for
one of his many pictures taken
lately.
It will indeed be worth while to
follow the "adventures of a-wild
creature from the woods of Quebec
province, Into the biggest organization of its kind in the world, a frequenter of the Chateau Frontenac,
one who ha3 already taken trips, and
who will in time know the hearts anc"
kindness cf peofle it will come lr
contact with.
in the price of copper aftttr the war
btrated. The Granby and other mines
could not handle tbe low grade ore
at a provt and shut down! the railroads tore up their tracks, the smelter was moved from Grand Forks,-
:|nd almost over night Phoenix was
deserted. So quick was the exodus
that many left all their goods behind, and their homes vlled with furniture.
Today there ls left one permanent
resident, Adolph Cercu, nicknamed
"Fore-paw." 'He has moved into the
city building, and is unofficial mayor
of the city. However, he will not be
alone this winter, as Bob Densler,
v/ho hae a claim four miles west of
the town, has moved in for the winter. Ho had his pick of perhaps a
hundred  comfortable  homes. I
Densler has faith ln Phoenix and
believes there ls untold wealth still
left underground. Except for one1
unnel going down to the 500 foot
l^vel, there hos been practically no'
'.eep mining, and many promising
prospects Io the east hae never been
worked.
"Forepaw" believes theft there is
between two and two and a half mll-
Mon tons of ore left ln the Granby
.nine-. To this can be added approximately another million in the Brooklyn, not to mention scores of other
,-orkinks.
However, "Forepaw" does not look
to see the return of the heicti days
of years gone by, as he does not believe the railroa-ds will again build
to Phoenix, Mowevet, he does be-
ieve that millions are still left in
• he ground, and that some day concentrators will ibe put ln and the ore
hauled out by trucks, or shot down
i. tramway to Greenwood.
The, Granby could be worked by
extending a three-mile tunnel of one
ot the mines near Greenwood. A
well known mining company of British Columbial ls expecting to do some
diamond drilling on several proper-
V.es this fall.
Jn the meantime Phoenix sleeps
on. Trees are growing up among the
ruins, and deer roam the hills near
by. Nothing breaks the stillness
except thei low of a cow, the rustle of
the wind, and perhaps, now and
then, the crash of some building, becoming wee'ry of lite, crumbles away.
Will Phoenix come back? Ruby
did not 'But Phoenix may, like thei
tabled bird it is named after, have
a gloriouh rabirth, and once again
hear the sound of the dynamite
charge, the clank ot machinery, tho
shouts of men, and the shufbing ot
ci/ttle.   Who knows?
Get Your
Groceries
at the   **
CITY GROCERY
Phone 25
"Service and Quality'
E. Ca Henniger Co.
(.iruhi, lla.v
Flour am! i'Veci
Lime in id Sail
Cei tent and Plaster
Poultry Snoplir-s
L
(iriuul  ForliK, .\. C.
Oui
Hobby
18
Good
Printing
THE CANDID CHILD
It was the amis 11 girl's blrthday,and
as a present her aunt In the country
sent her a pincushion..."Now, darling," eald her .mother, . 'you .must
write and thank auntie."
So the child obediently sat down
and wrote the following: "Dear
Auntie—Thank you for your present.
I have always wanted a plnculhlon,
but not very much."
GROCERY
Phone .-IO
Try our Special Tea
at C5c per lb
Shoes, Shit Is, Cvcrails
(iood values for ; your
moncy.^ [j
Call and see 'us before
purchasing.
JOHN  DONALDSON
General Merchant
GRAND FORKS
Transfer Co.
DAVIS 8 HANSEN, Prop.
City iiaii^ajieand General
Transfer
Coal,   Wood "nnd   Ice
for Sale
Office   at   R.   P.   Petrle's Store
Pfcoae 64
La
j nTilK ytiliic  of well-
■   •*■     j-ri.ittd,ucnt up-
J pejir'nii stationery as
T a nu*{jjisof •jjcttinjiam)
;] i:«U\i.-<•'>desiri>bli> business has been  amply
demonstrated.    Con-
sn'i   u->  before   going
els'-v l;>re.
Wodding inviliilioiiH
Bu.l | rograms
l'-ivr! "-l's curds
Vi     ng u.-irds
Sli'    ing tugs
Lcttcrhettds
.Stutciiii'i.'.s
Notelii'iul s
Piiftiphfol s
Price list.-
^Envelope >
Billheads
Circulars
Dodgers "
Pos tors
Menus
Nev   Type
Late it Style
Faces'
r,
THE SUN
Columbia Avenue and
lake Street
TELEPHONE
R101
SYNOPSIS OF
UND AGT AMENDMENTS
PRE-EMPTIONS
Vacant uureserved,surveyed Crown '
lauds may be pre-eriptod by llritish
subjects over 18 years of age, and by
aliens on declariug intention to become llritish subjects, conditional
upon residence, occupation and. lm-
meiit  for  agricultural  purposes.
Full information concerning regulations regarding pre-emptions is
given in Bulletin No. 1 Land Series,
"How to Pre-empt Land," copies of
which can be obtained free ot charge
by a|ddressing the Department of
Lands, Viivtoria, B. C, or any Government Agent.
Records will be made covering only
land suitable for agricultural purposes, and which is not timberland,
I.e., carrying over 5,000 board feet
per acre west of the Coast Range,
and 8,000 feet per acre east of tliat
range.   .
Applications for pre-emptions are
to be addressed to the Land Commissioner of the Land Recording Division, in which the land applied for
is situated, and are made on printed
forms, copies of which can be obtained from the Land Commlssdoner.
Pre-emptions must be occupied for
live years alid improvements made to
the value of % io per acre, including
clearing and cultivating at least five
acres, before a Crown Orant cab be
received.
For more detailed information see
the Bulletin "How to Pre-empt Land."
PURCHASE
Applications are received'for purchase of vacant and unreserved
Crown Lands, not being timberland,
tor agricultural purposes; minimum
price of first-class (arable) land is
ti, per e|cre, and second-class (graaing) land $2.50 per acre. Further
information regarding purchase or
lease of Crown land is given in Bulletin No. 10, Land Series, "Purchase
and Lease of Crown L,i<nds."
'Mill, factory, or industrial sites on
timber land, not exceeding 40 acres,
may be purchased or leased, on conditions including payment of stump-
ago.
HOME8ITE  LEASE8
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding
20 acres, may be leased aa homesltes,
conditional upon a dwelling being
erected in thei flrst year, title being
obtainable after residence and Improvement conditions aire fulfilled
and land has been surveyed.
LEASES
For grazing and industrial purposes areas not exceeding 640 acres
may be leased by one person or a
company.
GRACING
Under the Grazing Act the Province is divided into grazing districts
and the range administered under a
Grazing Commissioner. Annual grailng permits are issued based on numbers ranged, priority being siven to
(established owners. Stock owners
may form associations for range management. Free, or partially free, permits are available for settlers, campers and travellers up to ten head.
iv. SCHEEB
Wiiule.suU- unci itetail
TOBACCONIST
PalaceBarber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty"
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
..FIRST ST, NEXT P. BURNS'
«i,jr ia
Havana Ciyjirs, PipcN
. ;,l Coiii'cctiuiicry
imperial Billiard Parlor
(irand Forlta, II. C.
A. E. IPDOUGALL
CONTRACTOR AHD BUILDER ..
AftsMIt
aHiirolnion lMo.inmentnl Works
Aebesfoa l'ni>l>ic « Co. Itoofint)
^ESTIMATES FURNISHED
B0JP33? BRAND FORKS, B. C
PICTURES
AND PICTURE FRAMING
Furniture  Made to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinds.
Upholstering Neatly Done
r. g. McCutcheon
WINNIPBQA?B*tOI

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