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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Jun 18, 1926

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Many people imagine they are not talked about simply because they do not hear what is said about them
Removing tbe control ol the Pa
oiHc Great E-stern Irom the
political to the comSeicial at
mosphere, lhe policy recently
inaugurated by thn provincial min-
ieter ol railways, ie a topic ol
(tvorftble discussion among business
men all over the province. The gen
eral opinion is now helJ tbat it will
mean that the problems ol the line
will be approached in a .bolder and
more practical fashion ihan hitherto
has been the caae. On this question
the ictoria Daily Times which bas
for long advocated lbe lifting of the
business of tbe provinci il roud out
of the political atmosphere, bas the
following to Bay:
Tbe appointment of three prominent business men os directors of
the Pacific Qreat E,stern Railway
company is a deeirabl - step. Tbe
system is oow getting nearer a pro
duciog state and ought to be regarded
no longej as a political target. Its
chief requirement is more passeuger
business and freight traffic. Tbis
can be furnished only hy a deter--
ruination on the part ol the general
public to put the line to maximum
use, by regarding it as a valuable
agency in the development ol the
province; in short, by considering it
in the light of an. asset instead of a
"whita elephant." One ol the
quickest ways to change the prevail.'
ing view ol tbe system is to take it
out ol politics and give it a lair
chance in the commercial field.
This is what tbe government has
done and ils couise is a correct one.
The three gentlemen wbo wil
now take their seats on the
directorate with the minister ol pubic works and the attorney..general
possess considerable business ability
and are thoroughly familiar witb
the economic conditions ol the prov
ince. Tbis sbould assure the taxpayer an administration that will
approach all the problems tbat con
tinue to lace tbe Pacific Qreat East.
ern irom tbe standpoint ol practical
business. Tnis does not imply tbat
tbe present minietet of railways, tbe
former minister, and tbeir associates on the board bave neglected any
opportunity for improving tbe pub.
lie's property, But tbe menqgement
of a project like tbe Pacific Qreat
Eastern demands a good deal more
time and thought tban cabinet
heads alone are able to give to it
It may be too much to hope that
Ibis change in thegovernment's railway policy will result in a general
des re to retain tbe-property as a
provincial undertaking for all time.
Tbe taxpayer will nevertheless welcome tbe announcement wbich has
now been made, because be will feel
more satisfied in bis own mind that
■ any proposal to dispose of tbe line
on aerms embodied in the legislation
passed at the last Bes-i >n of the
"Tell me what you Know is tru»
I canhuess as well as you. "C
FRIDAY, JUNK 18, 1926
legislature will be considered solely
from a commercial viewpoint, and
not from the viewpoint of a political expediency.
The government's plan for the fu«
ture of the line should commend
itself to everybody in the province,
irrespective ol party leanings, and
insure new consideration lor a sub»
ject wbicb for too long b-.s been
treated as a political football.
Tariff Protection
Secretary of the Battlefields Memorial Commission reports that the
concrete construction tor the Vimy
Ridge memorial ls well advanced,
and the masonry work will start
this summer. Fifteen huge blocks
of granite from' the quarries at
Beebe, Que., are now on the ocean
en route to France and Belgium to
take their places in eight memorials
that are tolas swoted.
[This is the first of  t.vo articles on
the Tariff Question written for
TheSuuby D.J. Sullivan.]
Tariff protection iB measured as a
means by which imports mvy be
regulated, and the markets controlled, when in reality it is a conditional subsidy that differs from a
straight bonus onfy because the
beneficiary makes tbe collection.
This subsidy is paid by tbe consumers when making purchases, the
manner ih which all invisible taxes
are satisfied.
A tax on imports (tariff) like other
taxes, is a price raising factor, the
effect of which depends on tbe question ol price control of the article
upon whicb it is placed. As n in-
stauce, a tariff levied upon wheat,
live stock, etc., would have a different tffect Irom one placed on shoes,
tea, etc., not because oi eny cbange
in the tax, which is neither a pro
tection or otherwise, but because ol
the character ol the articles.
This tax establishes a prise level
for imported articles wbich are subject to duty, but does oot -iootrol
tbe price of tbe home product, coo.
saquently it does not restrict importations. For, any articles not on
the prohibited list can be imported
over any tariff, and importations for
re-sale can be made when the price
of the home produot is equal to or
or greater than tbat of tbe imported
article. For under such conditions
the full tax ie paid by the consumer,
whether be buys the Home produced
or the imported article, wbicb permits of i.i portation on tbe basis of
free trade. As examples; Alcholic
liqu;rs upon whish tbere is duty of
$10 a gallon (wbicb is about 400 per
cent ad valorem) has no more effect
in restricting importations tban if
tbey came in free. Automobiles,
whicb had a duty of 35 per oent in
1925, yet in that year more loan
13,000 oars were imported, an in
crease of more than 5000 over the
previous Why? Because when the
oars were imported and the duty
paid the prices were no greater tban
those of tbe bome products of like
quality, snd importations continue
for tbe same reason.
Importations may be controlled,
with or without a tariff, when tbe
prioes of the bome products are kept
below lbo»e ol the iuiported urticles,
lor it is this principle tbat protects
the market and not a tax on iuia
ports—tariff As illustration: The
present market price of wheat would
fully protect tbe wheat market with
out a tariff. Tbe Ameriu n shoe in.
dustry is protected by tbe price of
■hoes, and not by a tariff, for shoes
aie on tbe free list there. According
protectionist theories, that country
of higb subsidies should be flooded
with foreign made shoes, but it is
not. Ab a further illustration, an
article imported for re sale with a
duty of, eay 50 per cent, v lued at
f 6, witb tbe tariff added, would increase tbe price to $9. If the price
of a similar home, produced article
was kept at 46 it would virtually
prohibit importations. If, however, |
tbe price were raised according as tbe i
increase took place, protection would
diminish aud when the price equalled '
that of the imported article it would
Reverse tb? case and protection
would be re-established, yet the
tariff remains unchanged.
The oost of production is an old
"sew," and may be anything, especially when tbe consumer is compelled to pay it; lor there is no stan*
dard by which it can be properly
When tbe price ol an article upon
bich a tariff bas been placed csn
not be controlled, the consumer ee**
capes the penalty snd tbe subsidy
can not be collected; therefore those
who swallow tbe bait ol tariff protection should assure themselves
tbat tbey control the price of their
production, lor if not, protection is
a sop designed as a lure for raising
subsidies to those industries wherein tbey never fail to collect. When
a tariF area is as great as that of
Canada, and the producers are so
uumerous as to render cooperation in
marketing ineffective, and when expert prices rule the market—supply
and demand govern prices, It is
thus witb commodities such as butter, eggs, etc.; virtually competitive
selling prevails from tbe Atlantic to
tbe Pacific, wherein there are thousands of scattered producers, and
for this reason control of production,
whioh is essential for successful
marketing, is impossible. Consequently, uncontrolled production
and a limited demand determine
prices within tho national boundars
ies and render tbe tariff on such articles a non-collectable subsidy^ For
proof follow the market quotations
and compare the prices of such
articles where they aie highly pro
tected and where tbe markets are
more extensive, witb those of this
country along tbe meridional lines.
For a tariff is of benefit to producers
only wben tbe prices of home pro
ducts can be increased above the
competitive prices at the border, or
where an artifical expert price
(bounty) can be established. Wbere
tbis can not be the valne of such a
sop may be placed at naught.
Tbe   only   sane cuurse   Irr pro-1 with the natives ol the Belgian Con
duces who can not control the priceB
to pursue, is to insist on a straight
bonus on tbeir products, or a substantial reduction nf invisible taxes,
to wbicb tbe high cost of living,
production, transportation and
marketing can be traced and wbioh
the collectable subsidy (tariff) on tbe
finished prodects, is the principal
factor. This is tbe producer's side
ol proteciion, but it bas another
If the tariff were increased Irom 3
to 8 cents a dozen on eggs and from
4 to 12 cents a pound on butter to
agree witb American rales, and wsb
collectable, the consumer would
have to donate 8 cents lor every
dozen of eggs and 12 cents for every
pound of butter purchased, and pay
tribute proportionately to all subsidized industries.
A tariff Bhould be levied for the
purpose of increasing the prices of
imported articles, so tbat tbe home
prices could be kept at a level low
enough to secure a bulk of tbe trade,
and yet with profitable returns, or
for revenue, therefore an excise tax
should be levied on the products
of-subsidized industries when the
prices exceed, say 15 per cent of the
declared value ol similar articles
imported under the lowest tariff
schedule. Tbts wobld exempt Irom
special taxation articles upon wbich
a tariff ol 15 per cent or less was
levied, and would mean practical
protection, with a limited   subsidy.
That a bigb tariff is necessary to
pr teet wages and to maintain a high
standard ol living is a protectionist
claim. While it may be admitted
that the collectable subsidies are
divided witb the workers by increasing tbe w-age scales, the public,
and not the Industrialists, pay the
An answer to that argument is,
that tbe Canadian gold miners are
working in competition witb the
Kaffirs of the Witwatersrand; tbat
the copper producers are competing
go; tbat the fishermen and tbe pro
ducers of forest products have as
rivals io tbe markets |tbose of the
same calling in other parts of the
wcrld; that tbe producers ol wheat,
live Btock, etc., must openly compete with those ol otber countries,
asd in eacb case tbeir incomes are
virtually regulated by the market
p.ice ol the product, based on supu
ply and demand, upon which tneir
work is expended, and not like
tbose ol tbe protected industries, by
a tariff subsidy. For the only effect
ol high protection on such producers
is to Increase the lien on their dol
y ■    ■>
wt i.;..
* am
■ , i
' 1
Victoria, June 17.—The
provincial Liberal executive
will be called next week to set
a date for a provincial convention, Premier Oliver announced to a meeting of Liberals yesterday.
So far as not wanting a
convention, as has been als
leged, he says the ministers
are anxious that one should
be held.
Hon. J. C. Elliott, minister of
labor, announced in the house of
Jommons at Ottawa this week tbat
the government has decided to treat
jobber broker combines as contrary
to public policy. Appropriate legislation will be introduced if neces
sary. Mr. Elliott made bis statement
when reviewing the prosecution of
the Nash Fruit company in western
Mrs. L. C. McKinney of Claresholm,
Alberta, is dean of the delegation
of women elected Commissioners to
the Oeneral Council ot the United
Church. Mrs. McKlnney's principal
work has been for the W.C.T.U., but
she sat tor a term as member of the
Legislative Assembly tor Alberta.
During the past year she has served
as the only woman member ot the
commission of permanent organization ot the United Church.
18 Nations Represented at Girl Guide Conference
Canadian Pacific liner Melita leaving Canadian Metropolis with Girl Guides.
the world,
eighteen nations of
a party of twenty-
nine girl scouts and guides sailed
from Montreal recently on the Canadian Pacific liner "Melita" after
having attended tho International
Conference of Girl Guides in New
York. ' When the party arrived at
Windsor Station, Montreal, from
Buffalo, a deputation of Montreal
officials met them and accompanied
them to the pier.
Miss Lydia Lldholm, assls*ant, in
charge of tho party, said that the
members of the delegation had a
greater conception ot the spirit of
Canada and the United States and
prevailing conditions than ever before. They were returning to their
own countries in Europe much bettor informed and much more competent to carry on tho work of tho
Touching on various phases of the
conference, Miss Lldholm said that
even though representatives from
eighteen countries were assembled
tbey found that ihey had almost Identical views on the work nnd wer"
satisfied that the great friendly feeling that had been created would
last for many yeara and would be
Ctrl Scouts slathered for last view of land oo
this side or Atlantic as Melita left port.
| instrumental ln advancing the CMrl
Scouts Movement through a closer
At present there are girl scout and
girl guide movements ln almost every
community centre in Canada and the
United States, while many of the
rural districts are showing signs of
interest in these organizations. The
European party, who arrived In New
York on May 5, eamo to eee for
themselves the organization systems
in force here. They visited Boston,
Washington, Detroit, Buffalo, Toronto, and Montreal.
In tho Canadian metropolis the
visitors wero welcomed by Mrs. O. fit.
Duggan. provincial divisional commissioner; Mrs. H. M. Marlor, divisional commander; Mrs. C. Campbell, president Montreal Committee-
Mrs. Ross McDonald, district commissioner. There -wero also a number of guide leaders and captain*.
The eegular meeting of the city
council was held in the council
chamber on Tuesday evening, the
mayor and all the aldermen being
A delegation consisting of Jutge
J. R. Brown and D. Carter interviewed the council on the subject
of the proposed cement sidewalk on
Winnipeg avenue. The council
agreed to meet the d legates and go
into the matter of grade, etc., of the
sidewalk with them.
A report from the district road
engineer covering work done on
Winnipeg avenue during the month
of May MSB received and filed.
An invitation was received from
the Pacific Coast Park association to
attend tbeir convention in Spokane
on August 9 and 10. It was tabled
for the present.
The finance committee reported
tbat it bad been unnecessary to borrow any money during tbe present
term, and that the collection of
property taxes and rates was good.
The water and light committee
report d tbat assurances had been
received from tbe West Kootenay
Power & Light company tbat in fu.
ture power for pumping purposes
would be furnished when required;
also tbat the Weot Kooteuay com-
pauy intended to instnl a new transformer, wbicb would improve the
s-rvice and require less water tu
The board of works reported thut
tbe weeds aud grass around the
streets were being cut down and that
steps wuuld be takeu to huve the
weeds on vucantB lots cut.
The question of the removal of
material from the smelter site by
various persons wa-i dieoUiged, uud
tbe clerk was instructed to notify ail
sucb persons lhat al tbo end of
thirty days no trespansing would be
allowed on ths property.
Tbe council fixed tho hours for
garden and lawn sprinkling tbe
game as iu former years, from 6 to
9 a.m, and from 6 to 9 p.m.
Tbe mayor's remuneration bylaw
and tbe aldermen's indemnity bylaw were dually passed.
Wm. Young, consulting engineer,
discussed tbe .Smelter lake power
project with tbe ,council, and intimated lhat a full report would be
ready in about six weeks, lie expressed himself u. mucb impressed
wilh tbe possibility of   lbe scheme.
Lass than 2 per ceut of the annual timber cut ot tbe province wus
exported irom'llritish Columbia last
year in ths form of raw logs Last
year's log export was leso than bat
of the previous year, and formed a
neglible factor iu lbe UufiU Stateg
lumber inductry. The total timber
out in the province last year was
over 2,500,000,000 feet. Authority
for export was given for some 40,-
000,000 feot. Snme 160,000,000
fett wus exported frona crown
granted lands, over wbich the gov
eminent haa no uuutiol. THE SUN: ORAND FOBKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
*■   J.
Wit ^ratlin Jfflrka Bun    Notes • Notions • Notables
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) 81.00
One Year (in the United States)    1.50
Addrear -11 *—•»—-'cations to
sJThb Graud Fork.? Sun
Pbosk 101 Giuso Forks, B. C^
FRIDAY. JUNE 18, 1926
People who are asked to sign the beer parlor plebiscite petition now being circulated in
this district should carefully considei what
they are signing before they attach their signatures to it. No doubt they will be told
that beer parlors will promote temperance.
Nothing could be further from the truth, and
the man who signs the petition under this impression is either too weak minded to reason
clearly or els-? he is hypocritical—that is, he
really wants to see all restrictions taken off
tbe sale of sale of liquor and at th. same time
pose as a friend of temperance.
Grand Forks, or any othe  town in  his district, has no more need of a beer parlor than
it has of a public barrom where liquors of all
kinds are served to all who may have the price
to pay for ihem.    Advocates of beer halls tell
you, and some of them pretend to believe the
statement,  that the  beer parlors will lessen
the consumption of hard liquor. , This is absurd tommyrot.   A whisky soak hates beer as
heartily as he hates water.   There are no cases
on record of whisky drinkers weaning off on
beer.   On the contrary, buer drinkers quite
naturally gravitate to whisky, and instead of
the beer halls diminishing the consumption of
the hard stuff they are veritable preparatory
schools f r drunkards and whisky drinking-
No one has yet heard of a distiller of whisky
making an objection to the establishment of
beer hails.
You often hear the assertion the beer parlors are respectable places The trouble
seems to be that they are too respectable. In
pre war times no woman who had the slightest
respect for her reputation would enter a public barroom. Now men, women and children
congregate in the beer parlors in the cities
and drink beer, we have beentold, until they
become tipsy and have to be assisted to their
homes. In this respeot the beer halls are a
greater menace to the public morals than the
old-time saloou used to be.
The tauing of the plebiscite will carry with
it a considerable expeuse to the province,
which means the taxpayers, and it is therefore
to be hoped that the petition will lack the
required number of signatures to carry the
question before the electorate.
The beer parlor is not needed. Beer in any
quantity can be obtained too easily at the
government stores now, and the purchaser can
take it to his home and drink it by the glass
or by the barrel without making a nuisance of
himself in a public place.
The only plebiscite needed is one that will
give the people an opportunity to say whether
the present systemjof government controlshall
remaiu in force or whether we shall have" absolute prohibition. Meanwhile friends of the
government and all good oitizeus should assist it in enforcing the liquor laws now on the
statute books.
Tho fact remains, however, that moderat on
has failed to moderate the drinking evil.
The coast aud geodetic survey of the United
States says that every magnet possesses two
kinds of magnetism, that in one end being
different from what is in the other. If the
magnet is hung up on a thread so tbat it is
free to turn and a second magnet is brought
up to it, it may be noticed that the near end
of the second magnet draws one end of the
suspended magnet and repels the other. Tbe
repulsion is exerted between like kinds of
magnetism and the attraction between the unlike kinds. The earth has all tbe characteristics of a permanent magnet, and for this reason a suspended magnet, when allowed to
come to rest, will take up a definite positioi ,
which is determined by the direction of the
earth's magnetism at the place. The end of
the magnet wbich points in a northerly direction in this vicinity is frequently called the
north pole of the magnet, but the term north-
seeking pole is better, as it distinguishes the
magnetism of the north end of the magnet
Brlg.-Gen. John A. Ounn, C.M.O.,
D.S.O., of Montreal, re-elected Prea-
Ident of the Laet Post Fund, says
the organization is fulfilling Its purpose in providing for the burial ol
war veterans.
Work on tbe New Grand Hotel at
Yokohama, Japan, started in March
after various citizens  had
with the municipality for at least
from that of the magnetic north pole of the| one good hotel for one of the main
earth which is opposite in kind, as attraction
is only exerted between poles of opposite character.
If a person is not a hopeless cad, he will acknowledge a courtesy extended to him.
ports of their Empire. The hotel
structure will be of concrete with a
steel frame and four stories in
height. The estimated cost is $1,-
160,000. Furnishings are expected
to cost another $860,000, bringing
the total cost to $2,000,000.
The liquor question in this province is not
a party issue. It was taken out   f politics and
the electorate gave the government a mandate
to enact a control law.   That law is probably
as near right as the present intelligence of society can make it. But it has failed to control
the traffic, because  whisky,  like a  whisky
crazed man, can not be controlled. "For this
reason the government should not be held re
sponsible for the shortcomings of the present
control act.    Many of tbe opposition papers
of the province, however, can not discuss this
subject without heaping abuse on the admin
istration.   sSome of them appear to have pro<
nounced anti-whisky leanings, while their ad
vertising columns are filled with whisky advertisements.   They are eitber hypocri ical or
a variolous—perhaps L11 li.
In 1872 George Smith of the British museum found an interesting tablet in Nineveh.
The inscriptions were deciphered by the As-
syriologists soon afterwards, but Paul Haupt,
professor of Assyriology at Johns Hapkins
university, has recently rendered a more com
pi te translation.   He first rest red the tablet
to make it legible. Professor Haupt told  the
American Oriental  society at Philadelphia
that the inscriptio s relate the story of Noah
and   the  ark'  According   to this account,
Noah cut trees down in the jungle and made
an ark consisting of six decks which were di
vided into several compartments. Two-thirds
of th,e ark was under water when it was afloat.
Part of the translation reads:   "For our food
I slaughtered oxen and killed sheep—day i y
day. With beer and brandy, oil and  wine, I
filled large jars, as with water of a river."
Initiative and resource shown by
the Foreign Department of the Dominion Express Company went far
to neutralize, if not entirely nullify,
shipping troubles during the recent
general strike in England. A fleet
of motor trucks in London, Manchester, Bradford and Liverpool
carried out receipts and deliveries
in the usual manner thereby eliminating any ill effects to the British-
Canadian trade during the period of
the strike..
As a rule, old women's papers are edited by
old women.
Poems From EasternLands
Early Death of Abou Alhassan Aly
Soon hast thou mn the race of life,
Nor could our tears thy speed control—
Still in the courser's gen'rous strife
The best will soonest reach the goal,
As Death upon his hand turns o'er
,   The diff'rent geina the world displays,
He seizes first to swell his store
e*        The brightest jewel he surveys.
Thy name, by every breath convey'd,
Stretch' o'er tho globe its boundless flight;
Alas! iu eve tho length'ning shade
But lengthens to be lost in night!
If gracious Allah bade thee close
Thy youthfui eyes so soon on day,
'Tis that he readiest welcomes those
Who love him best and best obey.
—Alnassar Ledin Allah.
o4ncient History*
[TakenFrom Twenty-Ykau Old Sun Files.]
Tbe first sod of the North Fork extension
of the Kettle Valley line was turned on Monday by Foreman McDonald on Francis Miller's
ranch at exactly fifteen minutes past 1 o'clock
S. Nelson of the Winnipeg hotal has pur
chased the Alberta hotel on Riverside avenue
for $5000,
The Grand Forks Amateur Athletic associ
ation opened its new gymnasium   Tuesday
evening by giving a smoker.   Over one hun
dred persons were present.
R. T. Lowery, publisher of Lowery's Claim
and the Greenwood Ledge, was a guest at tbe
Yale Monday night.
A. Erskine Smith & Co. this morning sent
seven horses up the North Fork to pack
freight from the end of the wagon road at
Franklin to the various mines in the district.
Tracklaying on the V~V. & E. from Midway westward will be commenced in a day or
The English Football Team now
touring Canada was8 met at Quebec,
where they arrived on the Canadian
Pacific liner "Empress of Scotland,1
by Samuel Davidson, Secretary of
the Dominion'Football Association.
The team played the first game in
Montreal and then went on to carry
out the schedule at Hamilton, Toronto, Fort William, Winnipeg, Regina, Lethbridge, Calgary, Vancouver, Nanaimo, Victoria, Edmonton,
Saskatoon, Timmina. The tour ends
July 14.
Travellers who arrived on the
"Empress of Russia" from the Far
East, and who crossed Canada in
order to connect with tho sailing of
the "Empress of France" from Quebec late in May, stated that action
had been started for tbe stabilization
of China and the end of brigand
rule. Under the chairmanship of Sun
Yen, son of the late president of
Southern China, Dr. Sun Yat Sen, a
meeting was held which may result
in the coalition of all the forces of
•rder in China.
Dr. Leflard's New Life Tablets
Imparts to the Old and Middle-aged
Youthfillness, Energy and Fit-
new, retards mental and physical
decay, thus promoting longevity,
Preserves the arteries and tissues,
Sufferers irom Deafness with its many
distressing accompanying ailments,
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Wrinkles, hard lines and blemishes
disappear. The akin becomes clear,
light and elastic and the complexion
bright and smooth. Think of the
blessings of perfect health, the possesion of few; the joy of a clear Youthful appearance and tingling blood, of
lustrous hair, bright eyes and health-
tinted cheeke; the beauty of radiant
life and the realisation that Time has
been put back Ten years to the envy
and admiration of your friends, and
theunbounded satisfaction of yourself. Can you allow a golden opportunity like this to pass) Remember
there are no arduous rules to follow,
no restriction on diet, noi are there
any ill effects after. On the contrary
it gives the entire system a feeling of
exhaltation with increased mental
and bodily vigour. Why not look
and feel 30 at SO? Do not delay,
commence the treatment at once.
You will never regret the slight cost
Incurred for such incalculable bene'
fits. The price of these Marvellous
Tablets including Mail Charges is
3- Dollars per bottle, dispatched in
plain wrapper on receipt of amount.
Obtainable from
Dr. Legard's Laboratories,
106, Liverpool Roasj,|Barnsbnr-f,
London, England.
Cit'zens of Grand Forks are asked to note the following extracts from the 1925 Amendments to the
Hospital Act:
(4) Wbere there ia, either within or without tbe limits of any
municipality, a hospital wbicb ia maintained hy the municipality,
or to the support of which the municipality ia chief contributor
with tbe exception of the Crown, tbe municipality sball not be
liable in respect of any patient treated in any otber hospital, except
in cases of emergency, or wbere tb9 hospital ao maintained or supported ia not in a position to furnish the ppecial treatment necessary for any certain patient, and authority for that patient to apply for admission to tbe otber hospital haa been given hy the
Mayor or Reeve or some duly authorized officer ot the municipality, in which cases tbe mnnicipsliry aball be liable to te extent
set-out in subsections (1) and (2).
City Clerk
We are agents for the well known Massey-
Harris line of farm equipment. Let us
figure on your needs.
A Complete Line of Garden Toola
Furniture ahd Hardware
Fifty Telephone
The B.C. Telephone Company now
operates more than fifty telephone exchanges, serving ninety thousand telephones.
British  Columbia Telephone
Company ...
it's saie to buy your
tiiss v.herever you
see this sign, for th*
ollxicnt DunJop Of-
iiual Dealer stakes
hi3 reputation on and
invests his money in
'      si  ms SSSMS-fJ SJOIJljIll^lf ill JIMS!' 'I I   III     j    llll      ."il     'I   J.fsn|l   SI
\m*-*-**-A , '-    -JIC-VxrKm-*-''il*.i!*r.tm*      ..X *'.  ■-fi..--rA.   A *tf;..*.       .•        .,. _... ... ■ -      ■      .,,,,,.-;
Burns' Garage, Grand Forks City Garage, Grand Forks
Florence—Birtliplace of Artists ^
Seen from the top of the Viale ri ■
Colli that curves gently yet with n
magnificent sweep up to the Piaz
Bale Michelangelo, among flowering
bushes and pleasant gardens, an
•from the various hills of S. Miniato
Florence stretches out like a woman
in her beauty, between the two bank'
of the Arno.
It is not astonishing that ihis fair
land should have been the motasr of
fenius, grace and power. As <v.
reathe the air of Florence and inhale the joyousness of its landsc-.no
and listen to the vivacious, picturesque speech of the inr-ibitants, we fee'
thai Florence and ''.;e whole of Tus-
canjHs indeed the birthplace of poet'
and artists; that here art and poetr.
are spontaneous things, of the same
nature as the water that spring-
from a source ,or the flowers tha;
grow nn thp hanks of t, stream.
How could the Florence of to-dav
banish the memorv of Dante? Th.
g-.eatest of all Italians, exiled by the
wickedness of his contemporaries
And their descendants, as if to mak-
amend3 for the ingratitude metei:
out to him, have carved hjs verse in
marble on their street corners.
The house where Galileo Galile
lived and thought cannot be visitr.
without emotion, .'specially the Vill i
at Arcetri, where the great scient
1st spent his last day3 in blindr.es*
and ill health, whence we can also
enjoy a panorama of exquisite beau"
and peacefulnoss; and the house el
Buonarotti where a nephew of th
divine Michelangelo has gathered to
gether a precious collection of hi
great ancestor's  works.
Florence has not yet reached tl
•tatua of a great city; on the cm.
trary it has remained a somewhn
provincial town, but tram-cars nov
run all through its streets and give
it animation without spoiling in h-
least the charm of the ancient buildings, of the marvellous loggic, of the
churches and palaces built by the
generosity of the Medici to the greater glory of the "city of the lily." In-
duitry has not yet invaded l-'lorencc
aa li the case In the northern towns
ef Italy, although the production of
art works is still an important factor, while the art of manufacturing
■ilk and wool was a source of great
prosperity in the time .if thf Medici.
Florence, the mother of Art, gave
birth and hospitality to innumerable
Italian and foreign artists: Cimabue,
Giotto, Masaccio, Botticelli, Leo
nardo, Michelangelo, Andrea del
Sarto amongst painters;' I.ucagna
Donatello, the two Delia Robbias
Michelangelo, Benvcnulo Cellini and
Sansovino amongst the sculptors
Arnolfo di Cambio, the first arch'
teet of Santa Maria del I-'iore, Giotto
Orcagna, the great Bruneileschi, Win
built the beautiful cupola of tlw
cathedral; Leon Battista Alberti and
Sangallo amongst the architects.
The churches and palaces of Flot
ence, its streets and squares, museums and galleries, make up
a collection of art treasures without
rival even among the famous collections of the world.
As we visit the Palazzo Vecchis.
the Rooms of the 12th and lBth cftn-
tury, the apartments of Leo X., thu
Prijr's Chapel, and the abode of a
thousand other treasures such as thS
Galleria degli Uffizi, Palazzo Pitti.
the Ac.ademia the Old and Modern
C.al'oTies, the National Museums.
:, r-allo anj  tbe other  Florentine
il) Florence, Italy, showing the Bridges over the River Arno,
(2) A water fountain in front of the opera house.
collections, our minds aro  literal!*,
saturated with beauty.
But no one cun have a comploti
idea of Florence without making a-i
excursion beyond the outskirts of
the town, where the surroundings
possess great beauty of landscape
and a charm which is. not easily
found elsewhere. A day at Fiesole.
where the ruins of the Roman theatre are still in existence, is a joy
not soon forgotten. Then, climbing
up to Be'.losguardo, we can enjoy a
perfect panorama. Further on we
fi'-.d Signs with its terra cotta factory and Oceia where the well-know*
Ginori china is made. Nor should
Setiignano, cradle of the sculptor's
art of the great Mino, be forgotten,
nor Vincigliata, .or Vallombrosn,
Majestic buildings of j the thirteenth
and fourteenth centuries, and those
of the later Renaissance and "baroque" period, with their fantastically
decorated facades and geraniums in
perpetual bloom at their windows
constitutes the most fascinating feature of Florence. Everything ha?
been rebuilt on antique lines; the
foundations have betjn searched of
buildings that *xere to more, so that
they might be accurately "estored
Facing the Pretorian Palace, situat
ed in the Friggitore Tower, and used
ns a prison and place of execution
in thc thirteenth century, the houses
that belonged to the Alighieri have
boon exhumed. Patient research
work, spreading over periods of
years, has rediscovered the foundations, the main walls and some stoni
coats-of-arms belonging to the Alig.
hicri and other noble families of
Florentine merchant princes, among
others the Adimari and Donati. The
houses which existed When the great
poet was born have been I.ought to
life ng-ain in all the splendour of
their architecture and decoration,
-ind have been surrounded by a mag-
nlfielen't railing of beaten iron. Tho
rod robe of the first great Italian
citizen can almost be heard rustling
within those rooms as one peeps
through its stained-glass windows.
The Medici Palace, the residence
of the Medici at the height of their
power, bears witness to their bloodstained oppression and stolen plunder, which the poetic gifts and gentle
nature of one of their race, Laurence
the Magnificent, have not been sufficient to obliterate. '
And thc Pazzi Palace, the stronghold
of the implacable -r.omies of the Me-,
dici, an imposing, square mass, also'
stands a9 a warning against
tice and tyranny.
i, aiso
Isabel Ecclestone MacKay, ot Vancouver, who has been awarded the
Blanche Macintosh prize, given by
Preble Macintosh, Esq., of Montreal, for the best one-act play ia
tbe I.O.D.B. competitions.
On May 16 two hundred new Scottish settlers arrived on the Canadian
Pacific liner "Metagama" in charge
of Father R. A. MacDonnell, managing director of the Scottish Immigration Aid Society. This is the
second consignment of settlers
brought out this year under the Clan
Donald plan.
The well-known comic strip artist,
Clare Briggs, of "Mr. and Mrs."
fame, arrived in Montreal recently
with six Now York newspaper men.
They then went up to the Laurentian
mountains for some trout fishing on
Lake Archambault and streams in
the immediate vicinity of St. Donat
A. L. Rawlinson, passenger agent,
and Victor Collignon, chief clerk of
the Canadian Pacific Railway at
Antwerp, have been appointed aa
Officers of the Order of the Roumanian Crown by His Majesty, King
of Roumania, for services rendered
in connection With the general handling of Roumanian passengers at the
port of Antwerp.
An innovation is now in use along
the Laurentian run of the Canadian
Pacific Railway fn the form of two
hospital cars which will meet any demand which arises or urgent calls
that may occur in cases of illness.
First-class cars have been converted
into hospital rooms in such a way as
to easily take care of four or five
lick persons.
A record single shipment of Indian motorcycles, consisting of 85
cases from Armory, Mass., recently
arrived in Tokyo, having come forward by Canadian Pacific rail and
steamer lines. Thc demand for
motorcycles in Japan is steadily increasing as this is considered a cheap
and convenient method of locomotion
and well suited to the somewhat narrow roads of the country.
Ontario's Timber
Plays Second Fiddle
Ontario lumbermen and the Toronto Globe do not take very kindly
to the idea of British Columbia's
woods being used for the new provincial buildings in the Toronto Ex«
hibitioo grounds. They want to
know wby timbers from Ontario
should bave to play second fiddle to
timbers from thiB province. Jt la
quite a natural inquiry.
The answer is to be found in the
efficient way whicli thejluruber trade
extension department of BrltUh
Columbia has carried on in Ontario
during tbe last few yeare. Timber
buyers in Ontario have been convinced in many important particulars regarding the w.-.ods of this
province. Asa result of that,orders
have increased -st a rapid rate, and
tbe eastern producer is feeling the
pinch of competition.
£JWhat bas taken place in Ontario
is taking place in Kurope. Tbis
market has grown appreciably dur
ing the past two years. But the
Canadian field is regarded by tbe
minister of fands as wortb exploiting still farther. As evidence of
this he has just issued a pamphlet
setting forth tbe virtues of Britieh
ilumbia's woods in French. The
ancient province is tbe next objective of the lumber trade exteneion
$1 Brings The Sun to You for 1 Year
People take The Sun
because]! | they believe
it is worth the price we
charge for it. It is
therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents,- including
advertisments. This
is not -always the case
wifh newspapers that
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
Advertising "to help
the editor." But we do
want biisinessadver Using by progressive business men who; know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If you have something to offer the public that will benefit
them and you as well,
the newspaper reaches
more people than a bill
and if you have the
goods you can do business with them
as heartfelt as repentance, THE SUN: GBAND FORKS, BBITISH COLUMBIA
Better Value
■^■™-    ttst*w*mt ■■ aWkm Tea
Economr in its rich drawing freshness.
Remarkable expansion of the
cream export industry of tbe province of Quebec is disclosed by figures of the Dominion Express Company furnished recently. In May
three to four carloads, or about 614,-
400 pounds of cream were going
every week, while in June an average of a carload a day, 153,600
pounds, was predicted.
e making preparations for the in
stsllatin   of a niitl  and  tbe  mantis'
fa-lure of lumber.
Mrs. W. B Bishop, of Vancouver,
has been visiting friends in tbe city
for a week,
Tbe vote taken on Tuesday on the
bylaw to purobass tbe Smelter lake
property from tbe Granby citnpany
for $2500 out of lbe  current   year'p
revenues showed that out of a  total
of 183 votes cast, 179 votes were in
fevor  of   the   bylaw   and   only   4
against it.    Tbere were  no  spoiled
ballots.   It is estimated that about
80 per cent of tbe available votes of
lbe city were cas*.
H. II. Henderson made a motor
oir trip to Spokane uo Monday, re
turning home ou Wednesday. His
sister-in-law, Mrs. Wilbert Henderson, and her iwo children, wbo
have been visiting Mrs, Henderson's
mother-in law in tbis city for eome
time, accompanied bim t'i Spokane,
wiieue they took Ihe train for New
Mexico tojoln Mr. Hend-rsen, wbo
is working in a mine near >S mta Fe
in that state.
Invitations have b-ea issued for
tho mirri ge of Miss Alice Qalipeau
and L>-uiii* L Fitzpatrick, wbioh
tikes place in Sacred Heart church
on Monday morning, June 30,
Mre. N. L. Mclnne', who has
been con fined to a hospital iu Spokano for some time, returned home
on Tuesday.
The Senior C. P.R. Tea Group wil1
bold a lawn social on Mrs. T.
Wnlker's lawn on Monday evening,
June 21, from 7 till 10 o'clock, A
short program will he given.
Writing Certificates
The following pupils of the Grand
Forks Central school have been award
ed writing certificates by the department of education The best writing
of the pupils was usbiuitte-J for examination aud the certificates attest
proficiency for the grades indicated.
Miss Spraggett's classj 28 pupils
entered,  28 certificates granted:
Grade IV—Nels Anderson, Lloyd
Bailey, MargaretBaker, Stewart Bell,
Alice Bird, Mike Boyko,Steve B-yko,
FirminBousquet, Mary Colarch, Junie
Danielson, Wilma Davis, Geraldine
Gowans. Mowat Gowans, Willie Gow
ans, Helen Harkoff, Ernest Heaven,
Lola Hutton, Elsie Kuftinoff, Janet
Mason, Windsor Miller, Myrtle
Mitchell, GracejJMcDondld Jack McDonald, Jean McDonald, Christine
Reynolds, Norman Boss. Nellie Skhu
ratoff, Roger Thomas,
Miss J. Stuart's class, 26 pupils
entered, 26 certificates granted:
Grade V—John Baker. Alberta
Biddiecome Hoy Clark, Catherine
Davis, Mary Dorner, Albert Euerby,
Teresa Frankovicli, Edith Gray,
Bruce Grey Helen Halisheff, Bessie
Henderson, Isabel Huffman, Dorothy
Innes, PrackupKaliatoff.EyrtloKidd,
Dolores Kirkpatrick, Barbara Love,
Florence McDonald, Mary McKinnon
Grace McLeod, James Robertson, Edna Scott, Phyllis Simmons, Polly
Vatkin, Delwin Watermau, Mae
Miss E Stuart's class, 24 pupi s
entered, 24 certificates granted:
Grade VI—Mildred Anderson,
Harold Bailoy.Eve.'ynCooper, Charlie
Egg, Alma Frechette, Clarence Hen.
demon, Daisy Malm, Hazel Mason,
Laura Maurell, John McDonald,
Florence McDougail, Minnie McNiven, Georgo Savage. Mildred Smith,
Jessie Sweezey George Thompson,
James Allan, [renn Bickerton, Robert Carlson, Katie Dorner, May Jones,
Geneiiove Mitchel1, Tony Santano,
Laura Sweezey,
The Christina Lake Lumber Com
pany, Limited, of tbis city has com-
pl'ited  itfl organization  details and
Logic^eilher proves or disproves
all thing*, but it doesn't accomplish
any of  bem.
CUsic blank car Is for lassy invitations and unnoincemHnts. Sun
Job  Department.
Soviet Russia Now Plans Bigger
Wool Production
A Ituesian family of the prosperous farming peasant class.
The vi3it to tho United States, at
this time, ot Michael H. Poreferko-
vltsh, manager of tho live-stock department of the Soviet Russian government, Prof. Michel F. Ivanoff of
a Moscow agricultural unlvorsity,
and N. N. Klebnlk, official interpreter, carries with it all the significance of a step to progressive and
modern methods ln the new Russia.
According to theso throe representatives of the Soviet government,
Russia now has about 80,000,000
sheep and hundreds of millions of
head of other live stock.
Ramboutllet rams havo been purchased by them, not to Increase thc
number of sheep, but to improve
quality. It ls expected that a better
grade of wool will bo produced by
crossing of brecdB. In this connection, sheep shearing machinery was
bought to supplant thc old-time hand
blades. This in itself is expected to
increase tho wool crop about 7%, not
because the machine shears closer
than hand blades, but becnuse it removes the wool evenly and in an
unbroken blanket, leaving no ridges
on the sheep.
Russia is anxious to enlarge its
textile business with a view to producing Its own wool for manufac-
turlns purposes. Another committee
from that country has boen studying
textile mills in Pennsylvania and
Admittedly, there is great need in
Ru-sla for farmln-r implements as
the Russian farmer now has practically all the land he wants, but is
unable to develop all of his ground
because of lack of farm machinery.
Another great need is dairy machinery such as milking machines,
cream separators, pasteurizing machinery, horse and cow clipping machines and butter-making machinery.
M. Percferkovitsh said he intended
to buy more than 5,000 sheep, but
owing to misinformation as to the
best buying season, he arrived In this
country too late to get all he wished,
and ho expects that next year as
many as twenty men will bo sent to
this country to make these purchases.
Russia ls doing everything possible
to improve farming and dairying
methods. Graduates of agricultural
schools are teaching farmers anf
dairymen modern methods and the
use of modern machinery.
Many things point to Russia as
ono of tho world's great future
sources of dairy products.
Tbe Snn Presses hivp twiop »h(
Sj-ced of uny other prunes in the
Boundary. We can save you money
on hothlong and sbort ninn of cum
morcial printing and give you a su
perior class of work.
Tomatoes weighing over 22,600
pounds travelled across Canada by
Dominion Express recently, constituting the largest load of hot-house
tomatoes ever shipped out of British
Columbia. Handled in a single express car, the shipment was the product of the Victoria Hot-House Association, which represents the majority of the tomato growers on
Vancouver Island.
E. W. Beatty, Chairman and
President of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, left recently for England
and the continent, for a trip wbich
is to last several weeks. Mr. Beatty,
accompanied by W. R. Maclnnes,
Vice-President of Traffic, will complete arrangements for the building
of the company's two new ocean
liners for the Atlantic route while
in England.
Tr  fr   f*
N'OTICK IS HKKKHY ill VEN that Ihe reserve
<   covering  Lots 1487>,   f«»«, UliS*, 2M"«.
2911s rtinl 2»lis, SlinilKaineoll Division ol Yale
Deputy Minister of Lands
Department of Lands,
Victoria, B. a.
March Uth, IKS.
Phone SO
This Tea wa have   had especially blended.
Call in and ask for a sample.
Phone 25
"Service and Quality"
One minute after midnight of
May 31st, 104 miles of the Lydon-
ville sub-division of the Boston and
Maine Railway was taken over on
lease by the Canadian Pacific Sail-
way, Close to the international border and running through Vermont,
the railway line will tap rich consuming and producing sections of
Connecticut, Massachusetts, New
Hampshire and Vermont.
Rockballasting of 44 mDea of
double track of the Canadian Pacific Railway lines between Brock-
fort and Montreal West, on the main
line to St. Johns, Que., and Sherbrooke, should be completed by September. The effect of the rock will
be to strengthen the tracks, eliminate dust and ensure smoothness of
travel. C.P.R. tracks between Quebec and Ottawa, and Montreal mi
Toronto have already been rockbs-aV
lasted in Eastern Canada.
Try our Special Tea
at ,65c per lb
Shoes, Shirts, Overalls
Good values for your
Call and see us beiore
See the new Superior Chevrolet betore you buy a
car. T'lere are more cents in theCHOVROLET
DOLLAR than iu arty other automobile dollar.
CHEVROLET Touring  $885
" Roadster     885
" Coach  1080
" Coupee   1080
" Sedan   1200
" Landeau 8edan   1260
" One-lon Truck     935
General Merchant
Established 1010
Real Estate and Insuranc©
Resident Ami
mt Grand Forks Townsite
mpany, l.lmitesl
The Trans-Canada Limited C.PJL
all-steel flyer from Montreal to
Vancouver resumed her yearly summer season trips on May 16 when
she pulled out of Windsor Station,
Montreal, filled to capacity, the ten
compartments, three drawing rooms
and all sleeping berths having beea
booked some days prior to starting.
The Trans-Canada Limited ls ths
longest-distance all-sleeper train
operated on the North America*
Charles E. S. McPherson, assistant
passenger traffic manager, Western
Lines, Canadian Pacific Railway, recently celebrated the 50th anniversary of his entrance into railway
circles. He started In ths tickrt
office of the Grand Trunk Railway,
at Toronto, as junior clerk. Completing 40 years of service with the
C.P.R., Mr. McPherson has served in
Toronto, Niagara Palls, New Vork,
Montreal, Boston, Saint John, N.B.,
and Winnipeg.
A complete line ofy colored bonds
in all shades for fuuey letterheads
and otber classes of commercial
printing.  Sun Job Department.
Forms    JOrcbards     City Property
Agenta at Nelson, Calgary, Wlhnlpcg ami
other Prairie poiuts. Vanoouver Auenr :
Betrbllsbed in 11)10. vroare iii s> posiltonin
(arnlsh reliable Information '•anoerilng this
Write lor Ires literature
Isominion Monumental Works
(QAabt-atos Prodaets Co. Koofinitl
Did you ever notice that business
firms who tbink tbat tbey can reach
Tbe Sun's readers tbrough other
publications have a great deal of
leisure time tha*. might be more
profitably employed? A number of
suoh (irtriH bave involuntarily retired
from business;.
I I.MI1KII HA 1.1* X725S
SKAI.KI) TKNDKBB will bo reeelveil by the
District Forester. Nelson,  not litter tlian
noon |on the   nurd day of   June,  1""0, lor
tin    purohase     uf     Lici-ii''"     Xl'S",    near
Sutherland *~reek, to  cut 13.41*1 Split Cedar
Ono  year   will   be ullowed   (or removal
of timber.
Further particulars of tlie Chief Forester,
Victoria, orthc District  Forester. Nelson,ll.C,
SKALKD TKNUEBS will bc reoelved by the
District Forester, Nelson, not later than
noon on the "0th day of June, 192(1, for
the purchase of Licence X789IS, near MoHae
Oreok. to out f'1,611" lineal feef of Cedar Poles.
Two years  will  be   allowed for removal
uf timber.
Further particulars of the Chief Forester,
Viotorla, or thc Distrlot ForeBter.Nelson,11.C.
Wholesale and Retail
eater,in >
lluvujuu Cigars, Pipes
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Graud Forka, D. C.
We can  and do deliver  the
goods. Shop head of Bridge St
Furniture Mado to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinda.
Upholstering Neatly Done
Transfer Co.
City Ba-S-ia-Je and General
Coal,  Wood and   Ice
for Sale
Offloe  at  R.  F.  Petrie'. Store
Phone 64
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specially-
is j
THE vniuc of wcll-
priated, neat appearing stationery us
a means of getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult v,-*' before going
Wedding invitations
Bail programs
Bun: 1333 cards
Vi IHng cards
Sh'    ing tags
Notehciul i
Price lists
Nev   Type
Latest Style
'C< .'umbia Arcnue and
hake Street
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yale Horn*.,   Fiust  ihkkt
"Vacant unreserved, surveyed'Crowo landa
may be pre-empted by British subjaots orer
18 years of ago, and by aliens on declaring
Intention to beoorae British subjaola, eondl-
tional upon resi lenne. occupation aud Improvement for agrioultaral purposes.
Full Information coueerntng regulations
regarding preetnntlous Is given In Bulletin
No.l, I.nu ISeries, "Uow to Pre-ons|st Land,"
copies of wl.iohcau be obtained freo of chnrge
by addressing thu Depurtmeui of Lands,
Victoria, B.C., or sny Uoverumenl Agent.
Records will be made covering only land
suitable for agricultural purposes, and which
ll not timberland. I e„ carrylsig over 8,1)00
ward feet per aore west of tne Oust lunge
and 8 000 foet por acre east of lhat range. 1
Applications for pre-emptions are to bo
addressed to the Laml Commissioner ol the
Land Recording Division, lu which the laud
Applied for is situated.ami are made on
printed forms, copies ol 'cm *l,is obtained
from tbe Land Commissioner.
Pre-emptions must be ocoupled for Hve
ycarsand Impruvein-iits muds to value of tlO
per acre, Including clearing and cultivating
at least IIva acres, baforo a Crown Urant ean
ba received.;
for more detailed Information see tho Bulletin "How to Pre-empt Land."
Apislli'ul .sinurn reeelveil for purol.nte of
vacant and unreserved Grown Lunds, not bo*
Ing timberland, for agricultural purposes:
minimum prioe uf llr.t-class (arable) land It
l*i por aoro. snd second-class (gruilng) laud
t'->.*0 per aero. Kur.her Information regarding purchaseor louse uf Crowu lands Is given
lu HulliCIn No. 10, Land Surlea. "Putchase and
Lease ol Crown Lands."
Mil), factory, or industrial sites ou timber
land, not exoeediug 10 aores, may be pur.
chased or leased, ou conditions Including
payment of stumpage,
Unsurveyed anas, not exceeding to acres,
may bc leased as homoaites, cnnditlonal upon
a dwelling being e ected in the flrst year,
title being ebtalnable after residence and .
improvement oondltions arc fulfilled and land
has been surveyed.
For gracing and Industrial purposes areas
not exoeedlng M0 acres may be leased by ona
person or aoompany.
1'nde** the (inning Act the Province It
divided Into graaing districts and the range
administered under a Graxlng Commissioner. Annual irs-aslng permits ara
Issued lin ed on numbers ranged, priority being given to established owners. Stook-
Owners may form associations lor range
innuugeiiient. Free, or partially i'ree, permits
are avnllablee lor settler-, tampers and
travellers up to ton head.


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