BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Aug 22, 1924

Item Metadata


JSON: xgrandforks-1.0341341.json
JSON-LD: xgrandforks-1.0341341-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xgrandforks-1.0341341-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xgrandforks-1.0341341-rdf.json
Turtle: xgrandforks-1.0341341-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xgrandforks-1.0341341-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xgrandforks-1.0341341-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array f/5
ome men use "public spiritedness" as a cloak to enrich their own pockets        '
Fall Session of Legislature
Will Probably Open on
October 27--B.G. Fisheries Products Lead All
"Tell me what you Know la true
".l caafcuew as well as you."IT
Victoriu, August 21.-Coloniza
Hon work carried on by the
railway department, under Hod. J.
D. MacLean, ia showing good re
suits. Twelve families have taken
up residenoe on lands along tbe
Pacific Great Eastern railway, aDd
twenty eight prospective setter*, are
choosing homes. Hon Mr. MacLean
states that 1500 prospective Dew
citizens have been communicated
witb They are chiefly farmers with
savings of f 1000 to $5000,and many
of tbem plan to come to British
Columbia this year. Tbe minister
maintains tbat every effort must be
made to secure settlers for tbe Pacific Groat Eastern lands. Tbis is
tbe only method, he believes, by
whioh the couotry can be opened
up and the railway put od a paying
Unable to think up any other
slanderous method of beating Pre*
mier Oliver iu tbe Nelson by elec*
tioo oa Saturday, opposition leaders
have charged in vaio tbat Nelson
would be promised pretty Dearly
anything tbe electors desired io r«'
turn for their support of the government leader. Contrary to tbe
hopes but perhaps not their better
judgment, this bas not occurred
Nothing has been promised but fair
treatment fot tbe constituency, and
Premier Oliver has again shown bis
fearlessness and fairness in tbe
straightforward way he has conn
ducted his camgaign.
Peachland Fruit Growers' tfipjon
Against John MacKinnon, bntijre-
fused to grant an Interim injunction
MacKinnon's ciaim was that he
signed the cooperative contract sub
ject to a former agreement with Geo.
Rowcliffe of Kelowna. On heariDg
an affidavit to tbat effect Mr. Justice
Murphy adjourned trial of the action
for a permanent injunction until
next Tuesday.
A supreme coi rt judge in Kelowna
haa also granted an interim injunction against a Japanese named Mirn-
ora, an application from the Kelowna
Growers' Union. Other actions are
pending against ranchers named Giles
and Allen iu Peachland.
Mr. Justice Murphy yesterday, on
wish of counsel for the defense, ad
journcd for a week the application for
an injunction against A. Millard*,
rancher, brought by the Armstrong
Ranchers in the interior are watch'
ing developments in theae injunction
proceedings with keen interest. Upon
th eresult of the actions before the
court will depend the attitude of
many growers toward their contracts,
it is understood.
Ramsay (to angel of peace)—"I hope  we shall  be calling you  ln
almost directly!"
The report of Hon. Wil iam
Sloan, minister of mines and com'
missioner of fisheries, shows that
last year British Columbia again
led all the Conadian provinces in
tbe value of her fisheries   products.
Prospects now are tbat the fall
session of tbe legislature will open
on Tuesday, October 27, and be of
brief duratton. Tbere is little con.
tentious legislation on the agenda,
and between six and seven weeks
should be sufficient to dispose of all
the business that will come up.
Vancouvrr, August 22.—Tbe As*
sociated Growers of British Colbm<
bia and its branches have launched
a series of actions against alleged
contract breakers in the Okanagan
and the Thompson River valley.
Yesterday tbe Associated obtaned
an interim injunction against the
British Columbia Frultlands of Karn
loops, restraining these growers from
disposing of fruit to an independent
concern. Application will be made
next Tuesday to make this injunction permanent. Tbe order was
granted by Mr. Justice Murphy
in supreme court chambers.
An application before Mr. Justice
D. A. McDonald, at Victoria, on behalf of the Peachland Fruit Growers'
Union against Mrs. Ada Miller, of
Peacblsnd, was granted for two
weeks, and finally dismissed on a
Tbe suit against Mrs. Miller was
renewed in Vancouver, but owsng to
ao error in the date named for sittings, no judge appeared to hear the
Yesterday Mr. Justice Murphy
heard an application trom    the
Bees, like some people, if given
the opportunity will steal from ooe
another ratber tban work. This,
however, happens only in timts of
A robber bee is characterized by
its nervous actions. It will fly cautiously up to tbe entrance of a bive,
and wben it sees a bee coming to-
wajd it, it will quickly dodge back;
or it will search tbe walls of a hive
in the hope of finding some unguarded crack through which it can
crawl. An old offender has a shiny
appearance, the result of crawling
tbrough cracks or being roughly
baodled by the guards. On leaving
tae robbed hive, it has a plump look
and'unlike the inmates whicb come
out leisurely, it is in a hu-iry and
takes wing with difficulty owing to
its load.
It is the beekeeper's duty, there,
fore, to prevent his bees acquiring
suoh dishonest habits by seeing that
no sweets are left exposed at any
time; that all cracks and openings in
tbe walls of tbe bive are closed with
mud or day; tbat when hives are
opened the work be done speedily;
that feeding, if any, be done in tbe
evening; and tbat entrances be con
sistent in size with the strength of
the colony. Sbould disease be pres«
ent, tbese measure* are doubly
necessary to prevent not only robbing and its disastrous results, but
also wbat is infinitely worse, tbe
spreading of the disease.
Should robbing start, prompt action is necessary. Contract tbe enn
trance so that two or three bees can
enter abreani; then strew a handful
o fcoarse grass over it and sprinkle
with adippnful of water This puts
tbe robbers at a disadvantage, as
the bees of the colony will attack
tbem aB they crawl through the
wet grass.
Should the robbed colony, however, stand io dangei of being over
come, carry it down into the cellar
and leave it tbere until the uproar
subsides. Coal oil wiped over all
junctions of the hives acts as an ex*
cellent repellant.—A, H. W. Birch,
The r vised crop estimate fjr Iruit
in the Okanagan district shows that
iu comparison with tbe previous
estimate of July 12, there is little
change in the total crop percentages.
In apples about 5 per cent, oj
52,500 boxes, decrease is,ebown.due
principally to tbe lack of water in
the Armstrong, Vernon and Penticton districts affecting the size.
In pears tbe percentage iB raised
slightly, due to an estimated in*
crease at Summerland and Nara
mata sections. Plums and prunes
have decreased 10 per cent from the
previous estimate of June 21. This
decrease is principally due to tbe
heavy drop in many orcbords of
prunes affected by gumming and
drought injury.
The crop generally is very clean,
of good quality aDd fair size, but is
maturing ear ier than usual. The
ripeniDg this season, in nearly every
instance, is from two to three weeks
earlier than normal, and growers
and shippers are advised to plan ac»
Weekly News
Letter From
Vernon, August 18.—On various
occasions the question has been
raised as to tbe comparative merits
of the four-basket crate and the lug
as a package for cherries. During
tbe past cherry season we bave made
a careful study of this in the market
to determine whicb is the most de*
sirable package from the growers'
point of view Our representative,
J. B. Dickey, who had thie matter
in charge, has made the following
report, which will be of great interest
to aii growers of cherries and which
we quote in full:
The four basket crate is certainly
the most popular package with
grocers from the standpoint of increased volume of sales, and the
ease with wbich it is handled. Wben
well faced tbe customer is attracted
and in a great many cases a sale of
a basket is made where only a
pound or two would be purchased
were the lugs on display. It is a
case of increased consumption of
possibly 50 per cent as against tbe
lug with the Bame class of trade. Let
me point out bere tbat this is of
course mucb more in evidence when
tbe selling price is within the reach
of the ordinary customer. We might
as well admit that during tbe past
season the cherry was a ihxury to
most classes and waB not consumed
in like quantities witb tbe previous
two or tbree seasons I am referring
to Bings and Lamberts, as tbey are
the varieties most affected by tbe
lug We migb also include tbe
Windsor and Deacon, aB botb are
blacks of tbe dessert variety.
Frankly, I would say our present
volume of Royal Annes will never
be successfully bandied in lugs owing tbeir tenderness.
To be a popular seller the four
basket crate must retail at $1.00 per
basket. This means $2.40 per crate
f.o.b. Okanagan. At 75 cents per
basket to the consumer they go into
consumption very fre?ly; in fact, it
is then almost a crate purchrse.
This price would mean $1.40 f.o.b.
During tbe past season some dealers
retailed baskets at $.1.25, but the
majority asked $1.50, while fruit
stands sold in small lots at 35 cents
per pound. Some of them tried to
to bog it at 40 cents   and   45 cents,
but the great majority sold at 35
cents. At this figure tbey were not
making any killing, taking into con<s
sideration shrinkage and handling.
Tbe lug is essentially tbe fruit stand
package and will, I believe, become
more popular in time. It is only a
matter of playing tbe lug a little
stronger each season. Its chief drawback is tbe necessity of immediate
sale, us tbe fruit will not eland up
nearly as long as in tbe four-basket
crate, and, as we bave learned
tbrough disastrous experience, they
will not store i cold storage. Another feature which has caused much
trouble and loss iB the bottom board
being not quite wide enough This
cuts tl." fruit and decay begins
rapidly. This could be easily
The fines! log reaching the market this season was partitioned in
the center and the fruit beatifully
faced. The box material was strong
enough and with a full pack there
w*B no damage, to tbe fruit although
tbe bottoms and Bids of tbe lug did
not meet closely. If we could put
out a similar package tbere ie no
doubt io my mind but tbat it would
go over strong During tbe coming
months we sbould have some of our
local staffs and some keen interested
person from central go thoroughly
into the question of tbe lug
package, as it will undoubtedly
mean mor money to the producer
and will find its place witb a certain
trade. However, we muBt not
overlook the trade which is getting
big distribution and paying us real
money for tbe four-basket crate.
In selling tbe lug it will be neces
sary to figure closely tbe difference
in weight and saving in cost of
package as against the four basket
crate, and make a spread of some
few cents arbitrary in favor of the
latter. In otbe words, we must
offer some inducement to purchase
the cheaper package.—Associated
Growers of British Columbia, Ltd.
Vancouver, August 19.—The war
rant taken out through the provincial police by Crossman, Holland &
Co., acting forthe attorney genera),
last Frtday nigbt, for the arrest of
George Herbert Snow, manager of
Mutual (Vancouver) Ltd., had   not
been served at a late bour last night-
It is understood that the action
of tbe attorney general's department,
following the Duncan report on August 4, will have far reaching developments. Major Lewis Duncan, who
investigated transactions    between
the Mutual (Vancouver)   Ltd.  and
the Victoria   Hothouse  association
and forwarded to Ottawa  and  Vic-
toria a statemeut that extraordinary
prices had been charged by tbe Mim
tual as distributing  agents of   the
Vancouver Island Tomato Growers,
has   been   given   orders from tbe
federal   capital   to  pursue   his inquiries.
Major Duncan bas therefore resumed tbe taking of evidence in
prairie cities. Correspond! lis hire
of the commissioner 6ay be litis ul-
ready uncovered consider-) ble evidence of furiher irregularities.
It is stated that another attempt
was made thin week to burn the
Doukhobor school at Spencer. The
fire was put out by tbe Douks be
fore much damage was done.
The following is the minimum
and maximum temperature for each
day during the past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on E. F. Law's rancb:
Max.    Min.
Augl5—Friday  80 55
16—Saturday  78 47
17—Sunday  73 57
18—Monday  69 57
19—Tuesday  75 63
20—Wednesday  74 56
21—Thursday,   79 45
Rainfall   1.23
Marvin Jay Scott and son left to*
day for the prairie provinces.
Associated Makes
An Appointment
Vernon,   August   19.—The   advisory    committee   hae   appointed
Colonel B. Scott,  of Salmon   Arm,
vice president   of    the   Associated
Growers and also of the British Columbia   Fruit Growers' association,
to present tbe Associated Growerr
in the  English  market during the
coming season.   Colonel Scott will
watch closely tbe sale and distribution of apples shipped to  that mar
ket and make a thorough study  uf
conditions with a view (o deteimin-
iug the  beat  methods of obtaining
maximum distribution  and  prices
in tbe British and continental markets.—Associated Growers of British Columbia, Limited.
Threshing is now in pragress in
the valley. JflSome very good yields
aro reported.
Defore leavini
1 Pacific
and when exchange is at parity I feel quit
development will be very extensive." The photograph reproduced above showsSir f homaa"f*iIher, general manaeer
Canadian Pacific Steamships, (left); Sir George McLaren Brown, European General Manaaer of the Caniufiui
Pacific, Mr. Beatty and Captain J. Turnbull, commander of the Montlaurier.
A clear setting forth of information iu annual municipal financial
statements, so thi.t everybody may
understand them, is advocated by
Inspector of Muuicipalities Robert
Baird in a communication to tbe
Richmond council, wbicb bas evidently formed to subject of a general circular. He states tbat it will
be discussed at tbe municipal con*
vention at Penticton.
"The feature wbich appears to
require tbe most attention,"be says,
"is that of presenting tbe necessary
information in sucb a way tbat.it
may be readily understood," He
tdde; "The financial statements
issued ti\ tie v.rjr.u.- munieipulilit-s
are becum  | cli ■
i eit,    fl   11   il    i-
ihfli il'tir purpose
f iimuiiop."
frnm yi ar in
i |* n cogiiiss- il
if* in
. l v 11
1'oor Betty!
There are many storius ubout tire
parsimony and uiggardlsueH-j of Lord
Bldon, u famous English judj.e of a
century ago. Whether tliey do him
injustice wo nut know, but eome of
then'; are in their way amusing.
It is said that once when Lord El-
sion was entertaining a few friends ut
dinner in a tavern he dropped a
guinea on the floor when about to pay
his bill, An ho couldn't find the piece,
ho said to Betty, the waitress, "Buy.
1 hive dropped two guineas ou tho
floor and can't find thorn, See if you
cau help ine."
Betty went to work and quickly
found the lost guinea.
Lord Eldon -dipped it into his
'.'Thank you, l-'etty," he said.
'When you find the other guinea keey
it for your trouble.'' THI SON: G1A1ID TOMB, BRITISH COLUMBIA
Ste (grani ifarka §>un
Man inoepenoent newspaper
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) 81.00
One Year (in the United States)      1.50
Addresr* -*■ ~*
Phonb 101R
-•'cations to
The Grand Forks Sun
Grand Forks, B. C!
— .	
Notes • Notions • Notables
Mars is now closer to the eurth than it has
been for a century, and a noted astronomer
says that it is inhabited by vegetable and animal life—and perhaps by human beings. As
it is likely to be auobher century beiore the
terrestrial daily press will be able to feature
the Martian divorce cases and beauty contests,
the inhabitants of this planet need not worry
abaut their supremacy over their distant prototypes.
A little salt added to whitewash  improves
it. Some one in the salt business or the  lime
business learns  of it and  advertises  it and
thereby increases the sale both of salt and of
lime. Silicate of soda added to  the water  in
the hot water beating apparatus of a small
house is carried everywhere and  precipitated
on  the  internal  walls of the pipes, where it
forms a protective film against rust—a dis
covery that proved profitable to the manufacturers of water glass    New uses for familiar
substances is constantly discovered, and a new
demand for them is created.
feet long by two and a half feet wide at Glastonbury, where he is supposed to have had
heavenly visions. He devoted much time to
music as well as to acquiring his handicraft
knowledge. The story says that the devil had
a gossip with the saint through the lattice
window. Dunstan went on talking till his
t ngs, which were in the forge, were red hot,
when he turned around suddenly and caught
his satanic majesty by the nose. Dunstan is
represented generally in pontifical robes, but
carrying a pair of pincers in his righi hand.
The pontificals refer to his office as archbishop
of Canterbury, In which he died, and the pin
cers to the legend of his holding the devil by
the nose till he promised never to tempt him
again. The saint was buried in Canterbury
cathedral near tho altar.
The Osage river in Missouri is so crooked
that at one place a farmer floats his produce
six miles where he disposes of his load and
buys what he needs; then he goes on down the
river to a point where it almost touches his
farm again. There a team of horses drags the
boat across a narrow neck of land to the original starting point.
A dealer in electrical merchandise in Har-
rishurg, Pennsylvania, has discovered that the
right side of his store, as you enter from the
street, sells goods much more readily than the
left side. People who enter usually turn
to the right and are attracted by what they
see in the show cases. The storekeeper now
uses the left side of his store for staple goods
only. Of two telephone booths in the rear of
the store the one on the right collected four
times as many nickels as the other.
Sidelights on a Great
Raw   Material of Forest
Industry Heavily   Burdened With Taxation
Comparison  With Other
Groups Show Disproportionate Nature
of Levies
Keep Cool
Look Cool
and Feel
at little cost.    Just  buy
a couple of those nice
Dresses on'y $1.50
Established 1910
Real Estate and Insurance
Reiltlent A;
larant Grnisii Forks Tow nilte
ompany, Limited
Farms     Orchards    City Property
"Agei-tn »t Nelion, Caluarr, Wlhnlpcs »nsl
other Prairie points). Vanoouver Aeen* :
Bite bllBhed In 1910. we are in a poatllon to
furnish reliable Information r-onoernluv thia
Write for free literature
Fogs in London are always more or less
dreaded and almost every dweller in the big
city has interesting fog stories *o tell. A city
fog is a more or less solid and tangible thing
as was proved by means of a large expanse of
glass in Kew Gardens. Just before a thick
fog settled down the authorities were enabled
to weigh it with some approach to accuracy-
After the fog had dispersed the glass was
carefully cleaned again, all the deposits—
mainly carbon and sulphuric acid—left behind
by the dirt-impregnated clouds being preserved. The we:ght of the fog was figured out
as six tons per square mile, which was quite
light compared with some fogs experienced.
The worst fogs lie low. The effect of a fog that
remains in the upper air, no matter how dense
it may be, is simply that of an ordinary night.
By descending the fog not only blinds, but injures the lungs with the poisonous matters
suspended in it.
Eefrigeration is a modern science that finds
many uses. In mining it overcomes two great
difficulties: the influx of water in porous formations and the heat of deep shafts., By freezing
the surrounding earth, miners can carry their
shafts through water bearing strata, and by
supplying themselves with cool air they can
penetrate the earth to great depths.
The little industrial town of Puteaux.France,
has attracted attention by building ten five-
storey apartment houses to be occupied only
by families in which there are children. The
apartments aro unusally attractive, and the
rents are less than a thousand francs a year,
which is cheap. Now that the way has been
pointed out, otlier Riench cities are planning
to follow the example of Puteaux.
REVKNUE iv-jeived directly from
timber dunuj the financial year
ending March 31st, 1923, benefited the British Oui umbia treasury
to the extent of$3,247,000. lhat U
io say, in one year the raw material
of the forest industries alone coutrib
uted this enormous sum to the run
ning expenses of the Province.
During the same period $2,526,000
income tax was paid by the citizens
of liritish Columbia, of whom a con
siderable number are timberholders.
It will ba noticed that the income tax
ia jnly 77 per ceut of the timber levy.
The question arises, what did the
tiinberholder get for the three and
a quarter million he paid to the
The Dopartiuei t of Mines, accord
iag to the Government financial report of 1923, received $150,000 and
paid out $235,000. The Department
of Public Works" received $111,000
and paid out $2,744,000; the Depart
ment of Railways received $52,000
and paid out $129,000; the Depart
ment of Agrioulture received $31,000
and paid ont $437,000. The Department of Lands received $4,009,000,
of which $3,247,000 was revenue
from timher. Of this great sum less
than $700,000 was paid back in
fonst protection and the maintenance
of the forestry office.
The case of the British Columbia
timterholder constitutes a unique example of over taxation.
Two facts must be borne in mind.
Timber is only harvested once in a
lifetime and that there is no surer
way to kill a big competitive industry
than to overburden its raw material
with taxation.
and a pair of Sandals,
Then you may laugh at
the hot days.
Rutland is famous on account of being the
smallest county in England, The origin of the
name of the county has been a subject of considerable speculation. One legend says that a
certain Mercian king gave one of his favorites
named Jfut "as much land in this part of his
kingdom as he conld ride round in a day," and
named the aiea covered after him (Rut'sland).
This, however, is purely legendary. Neither
does the county derive its name from its circular shape, quasi Rotundalandia, or from
roet, the old Romance word for a wheel. The
most reasonable theory is that it derives its
name from the color of much of its ruddy soil,
one quarter of its arra being known as red
Beautiful butterflies in great variety were
released in London parks last year as an added
attraction for visitors The inqovetion was so
mtioh appreciated that a butterfly farm is to
be established near the British capital, with
tl. ■ object of supplying thern to parks in the
summertime. It is said that twenty thousand
wen released in the various London parks
last summer, and that forty thousand chrysalises are under cultivation at the "farm' at
this lime*.
An interesting legend is associated with the
name of St. Dunstan, the patron saint of
goldsmiths. He was at various times a musician, painter, jeweler and blacksmith. Very
diversified accomplishments, but he is said to
have excelled in each of ihem He was ex
Ipelled from court and built aimself a cell fiv
Phone 30
E. G. Henniger Co.
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Cer lent and Plaster
Poultry Supplies
Grand Forks, B. C.
hia series of articles oo n mill it,} I
y   the  Timber Industries Council
of British Columbia.
The best way to avoid arrest for traffic
violations has been discovered by a woman
motorist, "Another woman and I were riding
the other day," she says, "and we ran past a
'stop' street. An officer stepped out and told
us to stop. There was a baby in the car with
us and when the officer started to write out
the slip for our court appearance, the baby
grabbed his book and threw it into the street.
The oilier looked abashed, grinned, murmured
something about having one like that at home
and ordered us to drive o; ."
olncient History
Items Taken Prom The Qrand Forks Sun ior the Corresponding
Week Twenty Yean Ago
Lars Hanson, of Utah, who recently purchased lhe G-ilpiu ranch, returned to the city
the latter part uf last week, accompaned by
his wife and son and hired man
At least a thousand men are employed
directly by the mines aud smelters of the
Boundary coun liy.
The foundation of Frank Hartinger's two-
storey brick ami stone brewery is now about
completed and work on the superstructure
will commence i i a few days.
Ronald C. Campbell Johnstone, a well
known mining engineer of southern British
Columbia, mak's the stement in the London
Mining Journal thattamining and smelting
costs in the B n ndary district are the lowest
in the world.
E. Spraggett says that work on the Frank
lin  road will be discontinued for tbe present
about a  week  from  now.    By that time the
road will be wi ding eight miles of the camp,
Dr. 0. M. Kington will leave next week for
Vancouver, whore he will attend the annnal
meeting ofthe Canadian Medicel association.
General News
John B. Thompson, noted sportsman and writer on the out-of-doors,
widely and popularly known by his
pen name of "Ozark Ripley," is
Tisiting the Canadian Pacific (bun-
falow camps in Ontario, giving
emonstrations of his skill as a fly
and bait caster, as well as free
casting lessons to guests and informal talks on fishing and other outdoor subjects.
Creating a new record for the 16
years it has been in business, the
Saskatchewan Co-operative Elevator Company will have handled 50,-
000,000 bushels of grain through its
commission department in the 1923-
4 season, it is announced. The estimate of grain handled through
terminal elevators for the 1923-4
season is 68,000,000 bushels.
The steel  superstructure of tha
new Ste. Anne de Beaupre Basilica,
edifice at the famous  shrine,
, haa
now been completed and it is ex
pected that by next July the exterior of the church will be nearly
finished. It is not anticipated, however, thart the building will be entirely ready until July, 1926. In
the meantime, thousands of pilgrims continue to visit the shrine
and several miracles have been recently reported.
Figures issued by the Department
of Agriculutre for the Province of
Quebec show that there has been
a marked improvement in the condition of farmers of the province
over last year, due to good crops, to
such an extent that, instead of distributing grain seeds to the value
of over |125,000 as was the case last
year, only $60,000 worth was necessary to meet this year's requirements. Hon. J. E. Caron, Minister
of Agriculture for the province,
basing his anticipations on present
crop prospects, expects • still further improvement in the near fa*
"Never has the opportunity for
Canadian business in the Orient
been so good as it is today," said
Allan Cameron, Oriental Manager
of. the Canadian Pacific Railway,
in Montreal recently. "It is true
that the general volume of business
in China and Japan is somewhat be*
low normal owing to both loi-al and
world conditions but if Canadian
manufacturers and producers now
fail to make an effort to secure the
large share of Oriental trade that
would naturally come to them, the
opportunity will pass and someone
else will get the business."
Applications for immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by the City, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Prices :--From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Terms t—Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may be seen at the
City Office.
City Clerk.
We are agents for the well known Massey-
Harris line of farm equipment. Let us
figure on your needs.
A Complete Line of Garden Tools
Furniture and Hardware
The Telephone Is a
Daylight Saver
Saving daylight is a big topic at this time of the
year. Everyone endeavors to make the most out of
the daylight hours. In these modern times, life each
day is fuller, and each hour must mean far more than
it did yesterkay.
There is no better aid to daylight saving than the
telephone. Nothing can help you more to make each
successive hour of greater value.
Whether you telephone one mile or one hundred
miles it is all the same to the telephone. The telephone
saves you hours. It lengthens your day, giving you
time for many things.
ANEVER-HNDING stream of gold,
flowing from the farms of thc
Prairie Provinces to the consumers
of bread stuffs in all parts of the civilized
world, is represented by the movement
of the farmers' grain to the world mar-
kets. Beginning in August each
year and in some years flowing
constantly forward until August
of the following year, this everlasting river of wheat is Western
Canada's contribution to the feeding of the civilized world. In the
movement of this crop from the
country elevators and loading
platforms of the Prairie Provinces, the Canadian National
Railways year by year are playing a more important part.
Long before the western farmer
has finished his seeding in the
spring, preparations have been begun by the railways to move his
crop. Cars must be ordered, for
each year more equipment is needed
for the movement of the grain; other
cars, which have been in service,
must be brought into the repair
yards and overhauled or rebuilt according to their needs, for the movement of grain is a strenuous work
and grain cars show the effects of a
season's haulage. And, since cars
could not move forward without mo.
tive power, new locomotives of immense hauling power are necessary
and must be ordered, while those
which have already seen service in
this strenuous work must also be
So, as the
season approaches for
the hum of
the binders
to be heard
across the
everything is
of the company through the western
region, compile a report on the
loadings and movements of grain
cars at the close of each day. These
reports are telegraphed to Winnipeg
where, with advices from the lake,
head and Vancouver, they are assimilated. Hence, with one' single
report simply compiled, the entire
Canadian National lines in the Western region almost continually, and
that every movement of these cars
must be checked in order that there
shall be no confusion or delay in
their handling, the enormity of tb*
work of handling the grain movement may easily be realized. And
to handle over 175,000 cars of grain
being prepared for the rush of the
harvest work. Constant vigilance
in this, as in every other great
movement, is the price of safety and
nothing is left undone to ensure that
the movement forward shall be
rapid, even, and unhampered. An
important department, whose work
is little seen outside of railway
circles, is the Car Service Department, whose eye is watching night
and day to see that grain cars are
properly distributed and that once
loaded, they move forward rapidly
to the lake or ocean port from which
further shipment is to take place.
During the grain rush each fall
the Car Service officials meet a difficult situation, for instead of an
even balance of haul back and forth
through the west, there is an over-
Farmers' Grain at Line Elevators
grain situation is shown for the
preceding day throughout Western Canada. Figures for previous
years are also kept on record with
tho reports as they come in and
at any time comparisons may be
made to show the progress over
/* III    > %.' •
** H I.i i :  -" '■■. '.  •
Lake Carrier LoadingAsBt Terminal
brought in to the huge repair shops
and overhauled and made ready.
Nor is this all. In preparation for
the movement of heavy trains loaded with wheat and in order that
there shall be no delay en route
from the farmer's hands to the lake-
head or to Vancouver, roadbed and
other facilities must be in the best
possible condition. Therefore during
the summer months every foot of
the track over which the grain must
move is subject to careful inspection
and improvement; ballasting is done
wherever it may be required and all
parts of the system are keyed up to
the highest pitch in order that no
hitch may occur in the movement of
the crop.
Weeks before the crop itself bo-
gins to move, there is another movement under way which has an important bearing on the steady flow
of grain to thc markets of the world,
and this is the gradual concentration
of locomotives and grajn cars at
strategic points on the western lines,
so that they will be available for
rapid distribution Wherever they are
whelmingly large exodus from the
grain fields with a proportionately
small freight movement back toward
the prairies. Here the Car Service
Department faces the task of moving these empties back from the lake
or ocean ports, to line elevators at
the lowest possible cost and it is
only by wise and careful scrutiny of
the situation that it is possible for
this work to be successfully carried
An elaborate system of tabulating
the grain situation daily is operated
by officials of this department. Rach day through
the press there appear reports on the grain movement, both on lines
through the west and at
the bead of the lakes
where ships aro fast loading from terminal elevators as cars discharge
their cargoes.
To   make   this
possible     agents*
Loading Wheat into Box Cars
the same period
eaeh successive
season for five
When it is realized that upwards
of 50,000 grain
cars   are   on the
to the two outlets, the Great
Lakes   and   the   Pacific   ports,
meanp that train loads of grain
must >be kept constantly on the
move, both eastbound and westbound.      The growing importance of the    Pacific    outlet is
shown by the fact that Canadian National car deliveries   to
Vancouver  during  the
grain year just closed,
have been almost five
times as great as during  the  season
of 1922-23, and
as  more facilities    are    provided   for   the
handling of the
westbound shipments it is expected that the
next few years
will    see   enormous gains
still    being
made   year
by year in
this   movement.
Canadian National Train of Wheat Bound for Terminal Elevators
Claims to Have Found
Copper   Secret  Lost
Two Thousand Years
James Cuniminge, of East St.
Louis, an obscure mechanic of little
education and practical!/n: scien
tific knowledge, has just succeeded
in richieving whet science hae been
trying t < do for more tban two
thousand years, according to a recent press dispatch from St. Louis.
He haa rediscovered the process for
hardening and tempering copper, a
secret tbat was lost with tbe pissing
of the Egyptian civilization.
Up till a sbort time ago Cummings was out of a job and broke.
Because of lead poisoning be was
forced to give up bis job as a rails,
way switchman and was at the
point wbeiehefpit he would have to
appeal to hie friends for funds to
help him care for bis wife and pix
Today he is a millionaire tnrough
the receipt of a ch> que for $1,500,-
000 wbicb a Detroit copper company willi'ugly paid him for bis se.
It was while cleuning a copper
gasket for hie car, a low-priced
touriug car of long service and disreputable aspect, that Cummings
tripped upon the secret.
"It was just luck," Cummiogs
Baid. "I was cleaning the gaskets
and dipped them into a chemical
mixture I had figured out as tbe
b st for tbat purpose. One of the
gaskets was bent when I dipped  it.
1 was surprised when I discovered
later that it woold spring back to
its bent form wben I tried to
straighten it out.
"I didn't think much about it at
tbe time, but later I was talking to
some of the boys and told of the
occurrence. One of tbem wax sur*-
prised    'Jim,'   he  said,  'if  tbat'B
true, your fortune is made.'
"I reraimbered the mixture I had
in the basin and set about experts.
mooting till I found a mixture tbat
would give the copper a certain dej
gree of hardness. Then I decided to
patent tbe formula. This almoBt
cleaned out all my money. You see,
I was out of work at tlje time.
. "Then a copper company invited
me to Detroit to conduct some tests
there. All tbe tests were sutisfac-
tory, and 1 got a cheque that almost
knocked me cold, $l„-*.00,000."
He Understood Questionnaires
There is more than one way of answering a question so as to give people
an impression of your fundamental
intelligence. The boy referred to in
this story from the Argonaut knew it;
we are confident his answer got him
tiie job that ho wanted.
After a ruthless sifting there were
five applicants for tho post of enaud
boy left for thh head of tho firm himself to interview. It was one of bis
flippant mornings, and he sought to
amuse himself by asking the oager
boys puzzling and irrelevant questions
to test their knowledge.
"How far away from the earth is
tbe North Star?" was the question he
fired at the third shiny-faced young
"I'm sorry I can not give you the
exact figure, sir," was the reply,"but
on a rough estimate I should say it is
far enough away not to interfere with
my rnnning errands."
For tbe first time harvesters from
the Okanagan and central British
Columbia will enjoy a special rate
to the prairies this year. The labor
department, under Hon. A. M
Manson, has secured a general rate
of $10 to Edmonton or Calgary and
one-half cent per mile from there to
He tination. The same rateB apply
westward after parvest.
The shortest
thing in the
sn'tj a init4'initi>v-i eyelash or a gnat's
whisker, or any other part of any insect
whatsoever--IT IS THE MEMORY OF
13 H. you doubt this ask the first men
ir.eii you meet the following questions:
21 When did the R34 cross the Atlantic?
Who was her pilot? On What date was
Lord Kitchener drowned? What was
the name of the ship that blew up and
almost wiped out the city of Halifax?
What Ger nan submarine torpedoed
thc Lusi}ania
It is a safe et that you would not
get one correct answer.
Now do you see the necessity of per-
sis. i\X\ advertising? When the details
of events of world wide importance are
so soon forgotten how do you expect
the public to remember you unless
YOU TELL'EM-.-and keep telling them?
One step won't take very far,
You've got to keep on walking;
One word won't tell folks who you are,
rtfix.}You've got to keep on talking;
One inch won't make you very tall,
You've got to keep on growing;
One little ad. won't do it all,
You've got to keep them going.
Brown started out without a cent;
He's rich now and still rising;
Some say 'twas luck; some say'tw..
Here and The-
A remarkable report comes from
Brockville, Ont. Harry Church, a
farmer residing five miles north
of that town, is the owner of a
Holstein cow whieh has just given
birth to three calves. All are alive
and thriving.
On sfcdy M, Her Majesty the
Queen of Spain and her two daughters visited the Canadian Pacific
Railway's pavilion at the British
Empire Bxhifoitioa Her Majesty
evinced deep interest in all she saw
and declared the exhibit to be "perfectly lovely."
Although the present season of
ocean travel has reached the period
usually associated with a falling off
In the number of passengers, steamship companies report that little decrease is apparent this year and
that the total volume of passenger
traffic in 1924 will probably be the
largest of any year since the war.
World production of silver for
tbe first half of 1924 is 117,650,000
ounoes, as against 118,250,000
ounces in the first six months of
1928. Canada accounted for a production of 10,800,000 ounces in 1024,
as against 10,500,000 ounces in the
first half of 1923, being the third
producer after Mexico and the
United StateB. b-ith ->f which showed a decline.
Saskatchewan's output of creamery butter in June amounted to 1,-
787,056 pounds, as compared with
1,746,000 pounds in June, 1923, an
increase of 41,056 pounds or 2.4
per cent. From January to June,
1924, the province has produced
6,109,090 pounds of butter, as
against 4,423,016 pounds in the
same period in 1923, an increase of
686,074 pounds, or 15.5 per cent.
Among the tributes to the late Sir
Edmund Osier, of the Canadian Pacific Railway's directorate, was one
from C. R. Hosmer, for many years
a fellow-director. It was arldix'ssed
tc Vice-President Grant Hall and
read as follows: "He was the last
living of the great men who organised our great railway."
The late Sir Edmund became a
director of the Canadian Pacific
Railway in 1885, the year of the
completion of the transcontinental
A most interesting and attractive
volume entitled "Here and There
in Montreal" has just been published by the Musson Book Co. of Toronto. The book is well illustrated
with maps and pictures in color and
brings out many noteworthy facts,
such as that the city's total population is 900,000, that two-thirds of
this number are French-Canadians
and that Montreal is the second port
of importance in North America.
The author is Charles W. Stokes,
Asst. Gen. Publicity Agent of the
Canadian  Pacific  Railway.
The first annual Pow Wow of the
Trail Riders of the Canadian Rockies, held at Yoho Camp, was a great
succw,. Over 200 intersationally
known writers, artists, etc., rode in
to gather round the sacred fire in
the Sun Dance Lodge. Charles D.
Walcott, secretary of the Smithsonian Institute of Washington,
D.C., honorary president of the
Trail Riders, addressed t|je gathering, a poem written specially for
the occasion by Bliss Carmen was
read and Chiefs Walk-in-the-Road
and Buffalo Child Long Lance performed an Indian dance.
A Serious Situation
f'Did you know," asked Mr. Nut'
tWfl of his neighbor as tliey sat dis»
Cussing the affairs of the world 09 the
neighbor's*! piazza, "did you know that
there ura seventy-live thousand people
in Massachusetts, ull native born
Americans, wh} can neither speak
n ir write the Doglish language?"
"Nn!" replied his friend. "That
seems Impossible. Are yuu sure of
your figures?"
"Perfectly sure."
•'And they're all American born,
you sax f'
"Yes, sir, every one of them native
born—and every one of them under
two years of age."
News of tbe City
"Orange Sam," one of tbe North
Fork Doukhobor fnnatice,wbo wears
a crown of oranges for head ornamentation and styies himself the
*'Czar of Heaven," got tangled up
witb tbe American i nmigration offi
cere at Danville the latter part of
last week and wan put behind lock
aod key. Sam—thatss bis contracted name—quickly liberated
himself, however, but concluded to
spend the coming winter at his
North Fork home instead of in
southern California.
Someting in new bread 's announced by the United States d>
partmem of agriculture. It is cocoa
bread. It his a decided flavor of
cocoa and retainsitsfresbness longer
than ordinary bread. Tbe product
was achieved hy substituting eight
to ten percent of the flour in any
ordinary bread formuia with cocoa
and omitttng sborteaing, which is
supplied by the cocoa. An equal
amount of sugar and cocoa is ueed.
The bread is dark brown.
K. Granberg, C. Carlson and F.
Nystrom, of Midway, are in the
Grand Forks hospital as tbe result
of a motor cir accident, which oc
curred about 1 o'clock Sunday
morning in the alleyway between
Ed Pope's house and Ola Lofstad's
bouse in Greenwood. The three men
were standing in lhe alley wben a
car driven by Eric Ericson suddenly
turned the corner and ran over
tbem. Granberg is suffering from *
broken leg, Nystrom from a cut on
bis head, and Carlson from bruises
around his back and body.
Charles S. .Baker, mining engir.
neer, generally called "Colonel"
Baker, for several years a resident
of Beaverdell and lately at tbe Indian and other mines near the Premier mine at Stewart, has returned
to Beaverdell and has obtained ao
option on tbe well known Rambler
claim on Wa lace mountain from W.
H. ltatubo and bis associates. Mr,
Baker may acquire otber claims on
the mountain. He will commence
development work on the Rambler al
once. —Greenwood Ledge.
Henry Hogan, C.P.R. brakeman,
aud Miss Charlotte MoMulliu wer<
married in the Catholic church at
9 o'clock Saturday morning, Rev,
Father Co )ola performing the cere
mony. After a wedding dinner ai
the Hotel Wlnnip g, the couple lefl
for a trip to tbe ooaet cities.
A special train of nine coaches,
carrying about 130 s?bool teachers,
passed through the West end of tbe
city tbe flrst of the week for the
east. They had been attending the
t.rubers' convention at the coast.
F, W. Russell, Stan! 7 Davis aDd
E. Cagnon returned m Saturday
from a few days' fishing trip to
Christina lake. Tbey were laden
down with big black ' ass but, as
is sometimes the case, the biggert
lish got away.
The hours set by the City Council for Lawn and
Garden Sprinkling are: from 6 a.m. to 9 a.m. and from
5 p.m. to 9 p.m. and such sprinkling shall be done
only through sprays aud nozzles not exceeding three-
sixteenth inch in diameter. Consumers are requested
in case of fire alarm to turn off all taps.
I am instructed by the City Council to impress
upon you the necessity of strictly adhering to the
above requirements as any person found using water in
manner contrary to above regulations will have service summarily discontinued and will be charged $1.00
to have water turned on again.
JOHN  A.  HUTTON, City Clerk.
The Grand Forks fall fair has been
called off owing to local conditions
and the reduced government grant.
The Providence mine at Greenwood now employs thirty men.
Supt. W. Madden expects to ship
another carload of ore this month.
Aristocratic Laborer
The laboring man seventy years
ago was pretty well satisfied. Labor
troubles in this country were almost
unheard of then, though at infrequent intervuls an employee would
find a grievance against his employer.
That of the machinist whom A. B,
Farquhar tells of in his book, The
First Million the Hardest, is certain*
ly amusing, viewed at this date.
One afternoon, says Mr. Farquhar,
a machinist came to us in high,
dudgeon from another shop and asked
for a job. We wanted to know, of
course, why he had left his old place.
"Ii was this way," he said, "the
boss was out walking with a lady the
other night and I passed him and
said, 'How do you do, Harry?' And
the next day he came around to me
and said,'When I am out walking
with a lady I don't want you to speak
to me.' I won't work for a man who
cts that way!"
Twenty-five officers and 200 men
of the Royal Navy,.from the special
Bervice squadron headed by H.M.S.
Hood, enjoyed a trip through the
Rockies over the Canadian Pacific
lines while their ships were anchored at Vancouver recently. The
sailors, who made a point, in true
naval style, of seeing and doing
everything, were enthusiastic over
thc scenery at such show-places as
Banff and Lake Louise, which they
declared the most beautiful they
had seen in all their world cruise.
Paul C BUck, resi I nt horticulturist, iB taking a two weeks' vacation in tbe Okanagan, A report
reached the city 11 cou > le of days ago
that he is bringing a better half
back with bim.
Mrs. F, VV. liujseli urrived in tbe
city from Spokane on Tuesday
evening. Sbe was accompanied by
her brother.
The C P, K eye-testing car arrived in the city f oui Midway on
Saturday evening.
An Ancient Though Not
Honorable Profession
The diner, says Punch,  having fin-
I iahed las meal and called fo.i  his bill,
^studied   it   with care and   apparent
disapproval.    "Do you make any reduction to those in the same  linn  of
I business?" ho asked the waiter.
"Certainly," was the reply.     ''Are
lysi.ia restaurant pr prietor?"
"No,"s|nd the diner sourly,  "I'm
la robber."
Tlie air-testing cur of the C P, R,
sysiem arrived in the oity on Suiiday morning.
Mrs. Ed Hatton, of Kettle Valley
who is seriously ill, was brought to
tbe Grand Forks hospital on Saturday.
H. W. Young and son Walioo
made a business trip to Tjail Ihis
To add encouragement to the
raiiSng of high-<;lass swine, which
is being fostered by the govern,
ments of Manitoba, Saskatchewan
and Alberta, the Canadian P-idfic
Railway is awarding a championship cup to the Boys' and Girls'
Swine Clubs winning the club competitions in these provinces. The
cups are for annual competition,
but will become the property of the-
(.Wb 11 won for three years in succession. Medals will be awarded
individual members. This yea-r winning teams resident on the Company's lines will also be granted a
free trip to the Royal stock show
at Toronto.
Tba Art*, (Science and Letters Society of the Province of Quebec recently sent a questionnaire te th*
various parishes of Quebec aad
Montmorency counties, seeking information as to th* age and eize of
families residing in those territories. It was discovered that th*
family of Imtael Bedard had remained on the same laad at Chariot-
bourg since 1429, that the largest
family ia Montmorency wa* that of
Hector Laliberte, of St. Jean, Island
of Orleans, who has 20 chUdrea living, and that Joseph Oagnon, St.
Pierre, Island of Orleans, has th*
largest number 0/ ttving degcaaA-
anU. 210,
SKAI.KD TBNDEBS will lie reoelvotl by tho
lilatrlot Kisrimn'r, Nelson, not liner tlmn
tiniiii on the 2Slh day nf Annul, 1024,
tor th-3 imroliave of L.oet.ee X6363, near
Orand Korku, 11. O., to OUt 10,401) llnetil fnct of
Polos, 60,000 P. H.M. Hsiwloifi ami SOO Hewn
' iim (1) year will be allowed for removal of
1 linher.
I'upther particulars o( the District Fores-
tor, Ne!son.
Say "Bayer"-Insist!
For Pain     Headache
Neuralgia    Rheumatism
Lumbago    Colds
O A^» Accept only a
i^J^f Bayer package
whichcontains proven directions
Handy "Bayer" boxes of 12 tablets
Also bottles of 24 and 100—Druggists
Aspirin is the trade mark (registered la
OtLiula)   of   Bayer   Manufacture  of   Moao-
•ftkucidester of Sallcyllcacld
Wo will handle your Fruit and
Vegetables for 10 per cent or
buy it outright. Write us for full
Tflfi HUB—Bring your boot
and shoe repairs to my
shop for neat and prompt
work. Look for the big
boot.—GEO.   ARMSON
Wholesale and Retail
Deols.T in
Havana Cigars, Pipes
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand Forks, II. C.
Preserving Peaches
We have a shipment arriving next week.
Order your requirements early. The supply is limited this year.
IT brings the whole country for miles around within easy reach.
Have you seen the new models? Thoy're as graceful as swallows! As
bright as new coin! As weatherproof as a duck? Automobile Steel
Bearings. Frame of English Seamless Steel Tubing. Hard Maple
Kims. Hercules Brake. Everything complete. Real Quality. Real
Value.   Easy Terms. We are tbe people" to mount you right.
Open Saturday Evenings Till 10 o'Cloek
Shp Your Gream lo
Tbe Kettle Valley
Creamery Go.
We pay the highest price and assnre
you the most accurate tast. Give your
local croamery your trade.
liALKD 'l'KNDBRS will be received hy the
< i st riot Forester, Nelson, not lutor than
noon (in the 29th day of August, 1924, for
t'.u purchase nf Licence X6-121, near W. Fink
!'flttle River, to out 950 Hewn Ties.
One (1} year will be allowed for removal of
Further particulars of the lilatrlot Korea
lor. Nelaon, B. C.
Sam McDonald returned the fir!
of tae veek from a fortnight's *ff.i
tion trip to Seattle.
b.sisiinicn Monumental Worka
AabesstoeJPro-luc's Co. Hoofing
Furniture Made to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinds.    -
Upholstering Neatly Done
-T<HE value oi well-
printed* neat appearing {stationery as
a meansot' getting .and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
Wedding invitations
Bail programs
Business cards
Viriting cards
Sh'p~*ing tags
Price lists
New Type
jLatost Style
Colombia Avenue and
lake Street
Transfer Company
•City Baggage and General
Wood and
for Sale
Office  at|R.  F.  Petrie'.
Phone 64
Yale Barber jShop
Razor Honing a Specialty
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yam. Hotkl,  Fib8T*-ibkist
Vaoant, unreserved, ssrrars*
Town landi may be p-re-empted by
Krltleh subjects over ll years at age,
ant bf aliens an d-aclaring Intention
to koeont British subject*, oondl-
lonal upon residence, oooupatlon,
md improvement tor aaitoaltural
Pall later-tnatlon nonoornlng regu-
ation* regarding pro-omptloai la
ulven la Bullatln No. 1, Land Series,
'How to Pro-ampt Laad," ooptea et
vhloh oan bo obtain od trae st ohaif*
>** addressing tne Department of
'.'indo, Victoria, B.C, or ta any Oor-
• . nment Agent
Reo?rds will bo granted covering
mly land aultable tor agricultural
.'urpooia, and whioh la not tlmber-
iiuid, la*, carrying over SjOOO board
teet mat aere watt of tho Coaat Range
and M*9 teet par aero out of that
Appltaailona for pra-emptlons ara
1 bts addroaood to tho Land Com-
ultuloner cf tbo Land Recording Dl-
iidon. ln whioh tho land applied (ar
.1 altuatatt, and ara made on printed
' .'ma, co;slM*a af which can bo ob-
„'.oai from, tha Land Cammlailonar.
Pro-unf-Hona muat bo occupied- for
fjy» yoara and Improvementa mado
ir value cf $10 per aero, Including
•issarlng and cultivating at leaat flvo
urea, before a Crown Grant ean ba
Tot more detailed lnforn itlon eaa
'.lie Bulletin "How to Fre-empt
Applications aro received for p. r
uhaao of vacant and unreserved
Grown landa, not belnsr tlmberland,
fer agricultural purposes; minimum
prloe of flrs-'t-nI«.Ha (arable) land la |S
per acre, and sccond-cl**.1..*; (gracing)
and r.'m.lii) per acre. Further lufor-
.uatlon regarding purchase or leaae
uf Crown lands ls given ln Bulletin
No. 10, Land Series, "Purohase and
r.eaae of Crown Lands."
Mill, factory, or Industrial sites on
Imber land, not exceeding 40 acrea,
nay ba purchased or leased, the conditions Including payment of
-.turn page.
Unaurvoyed areaa, not exceeding 10
acres, may be leaaed aa homesltea,
conditional upon a dwelling being
erected In the flrst year, title being
obtainable after residence and improvement conditions are fulfilled
and land has been surveyed.
Por graaing and   Industrial    purpose* areaa not exceeding 640 aeres
may be leased  by one person  or ».
Undor the Oraalng Aot the Provinoe ia divided Into graaing districts
and tho range administered undor a
Qresing       Commissioner.       Annual
erasing permits aro lamed baaed on
numbers ranged, priority balng given
o establish; d owners.  Stock-owners
nay form   associations    for    range
nnaxement.   Free, or partially free,
•irr.lls   srt,  available   for     settlers,
• mp«T3   and   travellers,   up   to   tea.
• -*sid. *


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items