BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Feb 25, 1927

Item Metadata


JSON: xgrandforks-1.0341314.json
JSON-LD: xgrandforks-1.0341314-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xgrandforks-1.0341314-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xgrandforks-1.0341314-rdf.json
Turtle: xgrandforks-1.0341314-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xgrandforks-1.0341314-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xgrandforks-1.0341314-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array ! "*
. •■■■■
The average man hasn't enough courage to applaud untilsome other fellow starts it
— 'I
Victoria, February -M.-r-The latest
sensation sprung in legislative circles was a statement
made to the -public accounts comlmtlttee by Hon. Or. Sutherland yet-terday, to 'the effect that a young man named
Gibbons had attempted to blackmail A. B. Palmer &
Co., by offering lor a consideration to induce R. H. Pooley
to "lay off" inquiries into the Palmer company accounts
—petered out i'u. lahighter when the parties concerned appeared before the com-itfittee this morning and told their
stories on oath.
The affair blew up when J. T. Rainford, accountant of
the contracting firm to whom the alleged blackmail proposition was supposed to have been put, stated that Gibbons inthe course of a long conversation on various subjects, had offered, because tiie firm had been good to him
(he had (been In Its em-ploy) to write to Mr. Pooley and
ask him, to go light in his inquiries a week later had said
he had so written.
No suggestion of any consideration hod at any time
been suggested, and the entire matter had been, i'nsofar
as the conversation was concerned, iu a jocular vein.
Gibbons, following upon the stand, denied emlphatir
call having ever mentioned 'Mr. Pyooley's name or having ever written him or spoqen with him. He had regarded the talk as merely a friendly exchange of "cd-b-
versatlonal pleasantries, and had thought no more of it
untl ithe press carries stories of the all-bged attempted
80 obvious was it that no serious element was present
that the conimllttee dismissed  the Matter with levity.
.& ■ at
H **. al
"Tell me srhat you Know Is ttaet
I -sulstsMsa as well as yoa."
Vernon, February 18,-—The death occurred late Wednesday afternoon at. the Vernon Jubilee hosptal, of MrB.
Jessie Stuart MacKelvie, relict of the late J. A. MacKelvie, M.P. and former editor of the Vernon News, the
news of whose sudden demise shocked tlie people of the
province of British Columbia on June 4, 1924. « The only
particulars available at present arethe late Mrs. MacKelvie was born in Clunes, Invernesshire.a Scotland, the
daughter ot Donald and Elizabeth Macintyre and that she
wag married to the late Mr. MacKelvie at Rossland, on
February 16, 1906. The day of her death was the anniversary of her wedding.
The relatives of the late Mrs. MacKelvie are MrB. Wlm
Martin, Vernon, who was Mrs. MacKelvte's niece, and
Mrs. Mullock and Mrs. Macgregor at Waterdown, Ont
The late Mrs. MacKelvie has been failing for some time.
She was very ill Friday night and was taken to the hospital Saturday morning with little hope of her recovery.
The funeral service will he held from All Saints church,
Vernon, on Friday morning at 11 o'clock.
The Publications of the
Department of Agriculture
By J. B 8PENCER, B.8.A.
The department of agriculture is by far the largest
publisher In the federal service, each year Issuing scores
of publications that are eagerly sought after by the farmers, gardeners, and others whs are Interested in agriculture...The. department .has .been doing this for many
years, recording the results of ita discoveries and activities for the guidance and help of the rural population
and the urban consumer. Almost every phase of agrlcul
tural Interest Is dealt with in the publications, which exceed Ave hundred distinct books, bulletins .and pamphlets.. .The titles of these are given in the printed lists
whioh are always available from the director of publicity
of the department. I
The Hon. Mr. Motherwell, minister of agriculture, has
announced in his latest report that 350.000 farmers and
others were served by the publications branch during the
year ended last March. The distribution amounted to
about three and a halt million copies of bulletins, pairfph-
lets and reports. Mr. Motherwell makes it clear that
the demand for such Information as the publications
contain lis Increasing year by year and was 25 per cent
heavier Jn the. year undor review than ln the pretllous
twelve months.
The farmers of Canada are happily situated in not being confronted with problems that they cannot get help
to solve. 'From' one end of the Dominion to the other
experimental farms are operated for the special purpose
of solving farmi probletme. in provinces that vary wide
ly ln soil and other natural condlUtlons. experimental
farmu are so placed as to moot the needs growing out of
these variations. Nor its It expected that all the farmers
III the country will visit these ifarmp .to And out what
should be done to improve their farming practices. Such
an expectation would be unreasonable, and bo, not only
the plans of the experiments but also the lessons they
teach are published ln the annual reports ot the dl erent
farms and stations for distribution to all who may ask
for them. When a line of work is advanced far enough
to reach definite conclusions the information Is-brought
out in abulletin or pamphlet in such readable form as to
be easily followed.
Perhaps no other country enjoys a wider range in \fi*.
;\rt-*»J*p- -rIrm.-Ir?; jantfjfju-ae^lhis 0iap_.Cani*4ia. In live'
stock, whether it be horses and cattle.hogs tind sheep,
poultry, foxes or rabbits, the department of ogriculture
has worked on its problems and' its publications branch
Is daily giving out in bulletins and reports information
i 'WSlri-SS-J i*** proetidjl. wejhods. (In the vegetable qing-
- dom, whether lt is grain, 'fodder crops, apples and other
traits, roots and salad crops, or the tobacco that soothes
the tired brain, definite answers to troublesome problems
are being dally issued to seekers after qnowledge.
Insects and hisease pests are more numerous and more
destructive than the casual observer can believe, and
Vet the -losses caused by these visible enemies in oery
ment. The mfeans of combatting these foes are carefully
recorded and published for the informlat'ion of the crop
grower. Half a hundred different bulletin*, and paraph
lets on insects and plant dfiseases cober a wide range of
crop enemies, and at.no time in the history of the department has its entomological and botanical staffs been
more active 'in e orts to subdue crop pests. -   ,'
For forty years the department of agriculture has been
engaged in increasing the quantity and improving the
quality of our agricultural production and 1n devising
the most economical methods of transferring products
from the arm to the consumer and ofdelivering them in
the best possible condition. By creating new and more
adaptable wheats and other grains the department bas
pushed bacq more the northern limits of successful cropping by hundreds of- moles, taking In millions of fertilt
acres and affording happy homes to settlers who would
free themselves from the throng and clatter and competition of   more populous centers.
The story of the world-famous Marquis wheat and how
it has brought many millions of dollars to our farmers
has loften been told. The effort to produce better varieties is continuing more earnestly than ever, and great
though Marquis is, Ht stands in a fair wap of being superseded by Garnet, a new variety developed at tbe experimental farm, productive as Marquis and maturing earlier. This wonderful new wheat has, by its performance
in the flour mill and in the fbakeshop, aroused great interest, and within a few weeks a bulletin will be issued
which will (-live a full account of its characteristics and
merits. The publications branch will mail this bulletin
promptly to any applicast.
Alfalfa ls a hrop of the greatest value in the feeding of
live stock and adds much to the profit of the dairyiny
industry, for a long time It was found in mnny parts of
Canada difficult to grow It successfully. But a campaign
of instruction carried on bp the department through its
vublications and otherwise, and development bp the seed
branch and other agencies of an amr.'V- sup-pip of hardy
and vigorous Beed, have increased our crc~ of that useful fodder from 238,000 acres in 19p0 858*000 acres in 1926
Pamphlets on the growing ot alfalfa may be obtained
from the publications branch and also available there are
many revorts and bulletins telling of other achievements
in the way of growing suveiftor seeds for domestic requirements and export!. ,
.Nowhere In the world are better and more delirious apples grown than in Canada.   The story of the breeding
At England's Tip
The "coast of England's southwestern peninsula that
tapers out to Land's End is an unfriendly coast with Its
heavy sea and winds and thick fogs, and a dangerous
one. Its rocks are ever ready to tear holes in the sun*.!,
est vessel; Its currents are ever ready to drive them on.
But it is a picturesque coast; a wonderfully beautiful
coast, both upon summer days and In winter storms; a
coast with many harbeors, none too easy of entrance by
reason of rocks and tides, many impossible tor any but
the smallest craft, but all m-ade as serviceable as natural
difficulties permit.
There is Penzance, the sunny pleasure-loving little sea
city, whence came those picturesque stage pirates that
tuneful our youth. The coast la no more beautiful here
on Mount Bay than elsewhere to east or west; not so
rugged or so wild as on Cornwall's northern shbro, but
the curve of green cliff is very smooth and lovely, the
sun shines Warmly; the roses bloom; every baby ripple
murmurs a sea«(p*y; every ttoy breeze brings a legend
It is a fascinati'
ftlace not only for what it is, but for
what it suggests. IsaaaasiBiaillllllli^a-Ma^MIMP* '   *>"•"'"*"'
There is Little Mousehole, on her right, beyond "New-' departn"ent' and from the ••**-*•<-*•*--• thus obtained the
lyn-lovely Newlyn. beloved of fishermen and    artists.! pr.olluce **-arl-e-***e *-***• w-~  -*r*-fte**-
Vernon, February 26.—to correct.
a wrong Impression tliat .has arisen in the minds of the
public through inaccurate reports that nave been circulated by those opposed' to/ the produce marketing bill,
the following erplanatloh is given out from the office of
the Associated Growers. 	
The agriculturaT'commlttee of the house first sat for a
hearing on' the proposed legislation, all factions being
ruflteseiitod, and very little-opposition was .voiced at that
tlmtf." After ai IhVee-djiy dlscussion.the' following resolution' was passed "by the agricultural committee:
"That this comhijtjt'ije request the department of agri-
cultu/e to prepare 'i\ draft, of an act in the interests of
and applying sp™ifi'cally to the produce'rs and sellers or
tree ifrults and vegetables/along the lines suggested by
the resolution of the recent Kelowna convention, wide
enough to enable' any" other group of producers of
primary products to take' advantage of Its provisions,
upon conditions aiid by" authority to be approved hereafter by the committee.
A committee was then appointed representing all fruit
fnterests. ThiscommliUee placed its views along with
tlie resolution just mentioned, also the resolution passed
at the Kelowna convention, and the 22 points agreed .
upon by the Associated Growers and independent shippers, before the representative of the attorney general'!
vyas an   impor-
Mousehole ("Mousel," in local speech)
tant port before London was a town. .,
As for Marazion. to her left, who shall measure her
years? According to Cornish history, "in the days of
Ezeklel the prophet" it was already an' Important city.
to wbich Phoenician merchants came for tin. For a town
which haB entertained, Phoenicians and giants and has
looked for centuries at ia castled island floating in a
marvelous sea.Marazion is remarkably dull. No
goes there except to visit the island
bay ita nam*. ^^^^Msi^^^^^l
St. Michael's Mount, little brother to Mont St. Michael
off the Breton coast, is a rocky islet 230 feet high and a
balf mile from shore, with wlhich it is connected by a
causeway uncovered fqr about three hours at ordinary
low ti'de. With southwest winds the island may remain
an island for weeks, and with higb seas be inaccessible
even to boats. It is a most picturesque pile; its steep
grassy slopes, in springtime yellow with a milli'on daffodils,  crowned  with  the  irregular jumble of chapel  and
gives the
,       . .      —- — —... ——- ...—ux a,,, uiner aairy pro-
many caes are being reduced by the efforts of the depart- ducts in the homes of the people.
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^    castle and ringed by a gleaming sea.   . .xaMaa^aaMm^aaamm
by our horticulturists of new and hardy varieties that]    It has nuich historf.   Like the other St. Michael, it
m|xy'Be groirn in our colder regiotts and' tnst Wire vrb-1 stood" once In a forest and was pagan, Christian, druidi-
bided a fuller enjoyment to thousands of praliHe vfob-1"-*'*  ■• *•— ■*-—  — -■'.' -
ince -homes, is just as fascinating as that of   the ' new
wheats.   All about these avples and how to grow them
is told ln the Experimental Farm Bulletin 55, on the Cul-
tibation of the Avple ln Canada. , ...
Ten there is the truit branch of the department that
devotes its energies chiefly in assisting tihe transportation andmarketing of fruits and vegetables.,This branch
has also taken mpasures to popularize the apple. Their
bulletin "Canadian Home Grown Apples," which carries
the motto, "Delight In Every pBlte'" contains recipes tor
all kinds of dapple pies, puddings-relishes and hundred
and one other delicacies that can be made with apples.
The department of agriculture has done much for th»
tllvestock industrp. By the introduction and distribution
of purebred livestock, the grading up of flocks and herds
by the use of purebred sires, and by experimental work in j
feeding and management, the standard ot our livestock,
whether it be horses, cattle, or swine* has been greatly
improved. The results of thiB work has been placed at
the disposal of the farming community In many reports
and bulletins,^A bulletin on.->the breeding and feeding of
the market hog contains'the results of, many years of investigations'into the methods of producing pork products
of'the highest quality. :,,:■,        ,-,,.
The regulations governing the construction, maintenance and operation of poblir. stockyards in Canada are
enforced by the livestock branch, which in this connec
tion -maintains a bureau of general livestocq and meat
trade Information, and issues through the publications
branch weekly and monthly statements on market prices
and the livestock supply and demand.
Thousands of peovle not only on farms but In cltles-j
and villages are interested In vonttry.,The reports of the
egg laying contests and of the Canadian record of -performance of vurebred voultry tell of great progress in
breeding birds for high eg** production, give rules antl
regulations, and volnt out how to enter the contest or
have birds registered.
Today Canada hits the most adbanced voultry breed
Ing and marketing methods In the world.,Slnoe our system of egg grading, devised and administered by the department, became effective afew years ago the annual
consumption of eggs in Canada has increased from 16 to
26 doien ver cavlta. Formerly when the housewife
bought eggs she was byno means sure of getting good
ones. The overcoming of this uncertainty has mnde the
difference. The .working outof our grading system is
explained in different pamplets distributed by the ppbli
cations branch. Especially should the bulletin Poultry
Feeds and-Feeding be possessed by every one who keeps
chlckens.,Those interested In turkeys, ducks or geese
may also get what information they require.
Were time availalble a tale of engrossing interest might
be told about the% department is doing in improving the
dairy industry. Canadian butter., and cheese as well as
eggs, apples and bacon could never han gained the popularity they tmJoy On the British market without the intervention of the department in seeing to It that these
products, are carried on trains and steamships under
proper conditions of cleanliness and temperature. This
service iB carried out by the dairy ahd cold storage
branch, which also enforces a highly elective inspection
and grading system. The branch has published pamphlets .and bulletins oh all phases of dairy practices, covering, for example, the proper care of milk, modern
methods of making cheese and butter, and making the
best possible use of milk and cream and other dairy-
It was not until the drafted bill was presented to the
growers and shippers that any apparent difference of
opinion was expressed. However, as soon as it was
discovered that the bill provided for the incorporation
of a Committee of Direction with statutory powers,
those representing the independent shippers took ex-
ceptionr-on the grounds thut this was not the intention
of the resolution (passed by the Kelowna convention,
but that the Federation should be the body incorporated
under the Act and that the Committee of Direction
should be under the control of the Federation.
, An amendment along these lines was drafted and
placed before the Agricultural Committee, but they were
convinced iu their own minds that that was not the interpretation, and tliey rejected the unu'iidment, deciding
that the control should remain with the Comlnittee ot
Direction. Thereupon the independents left Victoria,
leaving Mr. Fmch only to represent them.
-Reference is made in the bill to the Federation, so
that before the bill could be presented hi the House, it,
was necessary for the Federation to be brought into being. Representatives of the > Associated Growers approached Mr.'Finch, requesting him to assist in the in-
. -xx■ *     .-■-■ -: "~ '~°—■ •*-"-""*"*-•• uru,a"$?coi*po!*atioft/of the Federation.   He stated, however, that
cal;  lt has been  tenanted  by saint and sinner, soldier.fv,i„ ,-^mf....:.—
mbnk, and knight. Dearest to the heart, perhaps, is the
story of Coniuoran, whom later Jack-tlie-FJant-Killor slew,
dearestperhaps because of momories of Httle girls and-
boys who lobed that story long ago.
We may follow the coast line eastward and southward
to the Lizard, passing the great wireless station upon
Poldhu. or cut across the little neck of land to Falmouth,
a very fair harbor, Megavisspy, beyond, is but a fishing
port, where pilchards somjttimes become sardines; but
Fowey, to which we next come, has considerable past Importance and present pride.
Eastward from Fowey upon the coast. In a cleft so narrow, so Jagged, so rocky one wonders why men chose it
for a home, lies Polperro.the most picturesque.the most
unspoiled of Cornish fishing poits, retaining all its ancient dignity of life and labor unlluttered by the summer villas now beginning to crowd the cli s above its
Polperro is a fishing town but 't did not always depend
upon fish for a li'ving. In the days when smuggling was
a profession, if not an art. Polperro had few rivals, and
reading old tales, one sees quite clearly why men chose
-these clefts for habitations. Conveniently near are coves
and caves, undiscoverable by tbe keenest customs officers, and boatmen could soil in and out of these narrow
rock-bound harbors fearing no pursuit.
Let us look attentively at Polperro, at Its closely huddled houses, built on and In and of the rock; us roses
and fuchsias and clematis, which bloom as luxuriantly
as in southern climes; for these rock clefts are sheltered from winter winds and wanned by the southern sun;
at its little rock-bound gleaming harbor, wbere at blgh
tide the boats rock lazily and at low water a thousand
silvery gulls pick up their dainty feet in the ooze; at Its
steep.I sipperycllsfs, whence one has such glorious breezy
views of sea and rock and headland, nnd of the warm
shelltered valley at one's feet
Polperro attends to its own business, and that, does not
include catering to tourists. There are always artists
at Polperro. They and the vshermen observe oach
other, becomti friends, perhaps; but business is not mentioned between tbem.
Clovelly Ills a rock cleft on Uie north Devon shore as
Polperro does upon the .southern! Cornish one, but there
ull comparisons end. Clovelly muy be still an earnest
fishing village, but her looks belie her. "The most exquisite vlllag' Ih England" some one called her. and she
deserves the title. I
From' the coach roud where, at the top of the cliffs, you
enter upon Clovelly's one street, to the seu; or, lf you
come by boat, from the harbor to Hobby Drive, and the
public road, everything Is dainty, elegant of Its kind,
groomed to impossible perfection. No whitewash gleams
wiiiter or bluer or more delicately yellow thnn bere at
Clovelly; no roses, fuchsias, clematis nor lilies bloom in
more profusion; no trees are richer and greener, no vines
more luxuriantly graceful than there. Never a bit of
paper litters that one stony street, more staircase than
roadway; no speck of dust mar shining windows or spotless curtains; no noise of railwuys. trolly cars, of traffic
breaqs the soft stillness of this village.
At Tintagel mpre than at any place, perhaps, what we
bring measures what  wc  taqe away.   Come full  of the:
Arthurian  legend;   come  with   Tennyson.   Hawker,  with
Mallory, and. fn spite of "modern criticism
vor nought but romance. ,
Here are the ruins of Tintagel about
his instructions were to have nothing whatsoever to do
Wilis' the Incorporation of the Federation, and there was
mt other alternative but for the representatives af the
Associated Growers to proceed with the incorporation.
In doing bo, three members of the Assooiated Growers
were appojnted as provisional directors.
Capital has been made of this by the independent
shippers who are now opposing the measure in its entirety, pointing out that by this procedure the Associated
Growers have unintentionally placed themselves lb tho
position of controlling the  Federation.
An tiiiiililiatic denial of this was made before tbo*
Agricultural Comlmittee by the Vice-President of the
Associated Growers, and an assurance given that the
Associated Growers hatl no intention of controlling more
than fifty per cent of the voting powei*. in the Federation, as was originally intended. Further assurance was
given to the Com|m!ttee through a telegranii
President and General Manager of the
Growers. •     _	
It is the feeling of those supporting the lijll that the
same as drafted, embodies the intention of the views
expressed in the resolution passed at the Kelowna convention, and their efforts have been directed wholly along
tilts line; and, It is very difficult to see wby the opposition has arise'h from those who were a party to the
original agreement which was nrrived at between the
shippers, the more especially when the sonse and intention of the original agreement has in no W|iB»> been altered by the attitude of those who are now supporting It.
from  the
Owners Must Spray Fruit Tiees
Victoria, February 18,—A Ull Introduced by Hon T. D,
Pattullo, minister of lands, Monday afternoon, will placo
Garibaldi park upon Hie .same administrative basts as ure
Mount Hobson and Strathcona National parks. At present lho park conies under jurisdiction of a general act.
lion. E D Barrow, minister of agriculture submitted an
amendmeint to govern spraying of fruit trees In Iho
Olkanagan country. Where spraying ls not being carried out properly, the minister will huve power to order
spraying carried out ut tho cost of the owner.
you will sa-
twin fortress known to the earliest Cornish earls. Ko-
man, Saxon. Norman, has built here; but It Is not for
architecture or archeology thut one comes here; It Is
for romance. ,
Tlntugel Is not a port. Oecasionallya onat comes In
under the cliff with supplies for the village, but houses
are few and there Is little flshing.,T*oii Isaac, farther
down the coast, is a typical Corslsh port. A steep carriage road descends to Port Isunc; and the little Btone
houses of the villuge cling to the tfides of the ravfne as
bosi they can.
St. Ibes sits by a smooth circle of sea into which a
tongue ',ot rocky land thrusts,a bold curving Headland,
inclosing an inner harbor in the great sweep of the bay.
Here by the sea dwells the "real" SH. Ives, slose-prcssed,
low-crouched, stone built to withstand the worst storms
of sen and time.
At St. Ives we touch "modern conveniences" once more
chasm  the yet mere t0rnt*.^rt-n*^ 'JTugi Z TlZoT * ^^ ^^^ ^ doubt-b'«* THB SUN: GBAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
Ihe (Sratti 3farka Bun
One Tear (in Canada and Great Britain) $1.00 i
One Year (in the United States)    1.601
Addresr -" ;cations to
s/Thk Grand Cork.- Sos
Phoihc 101 Grasd Korks, B. C^
in the paper today, Abner?" Abner shook his head sorrowful, took off his glasses, and passed the paper to his
friend. "It's awful," he said, "something terrible. All
the ships in the ocean are turned bottom up." The newcomer picked up the -paper and held it right end up.
Then he shouted in feigned glee, "Cheer up, Abner, cheer
up.   See, they have all righted themselves."
FRIDAi'. FEBRUARY 25,  1927
Some idea of the enormous increase in production from
the primary industries of British Columbia may be ob-.
tained by the people of this province from a.study of statistics recently compiled by the various departments of
the public service at Victoria. It is shown, for instance,
that forestry .production has grown lin value from $115,528,-
000 in 1916 to $84,802,000 in 1926. The mlost striking comparison under this heading fs that furnished by the increase in the value of pulp and paper manufactured in
the province. In 1916 it stood at $3,520,000; 6ut last year
this had advauced to no less a sum that $16,315,000.
Lunfber value increased from $21,075,000 in the decade
under review to $42,516,000. Similarly encouraging is
an Increase in the value of shjingles, from $4,500,000 in
1916 to $10,500,000 last year. Jn every branch of this
basic industry, in fact, operations in 1926 were strikmgly
in excess of the returns for even a year or so ago. What
is true of forestry 'production ds true of mineral production. In this industry the total value in 1916 was$42,290,-
000 as compared iW)ith a value in 1926 of $67,718,400. It
should be remembered, however, that Ihe 1916 was one
of large war demands at prices far above the normal;
consequently the two totals do not bear the same relationship as might otherwise be the cn.se. At the same
film© the total balue of metalliferous products in 1926
amounted to $52,985,400 compared with $26,895 680 ten
years ago. The largest increase under this head was in
respect of lead, the value for $1916 being $3,007,462 and
for 1926 no less than $17,680,000. Conner, on the other
hand, the principal War requisite, repr-uented a value of
$17,784,494 in 1916 and only $13,650 000 last year. These
figures form an interesting study of solid progress in two
of the ntost ilmportant basic industries of the probince.
Their expansion very naturally has contributed to the
prosperous conditions which British Columbia now is enjoying—of whih many prominent economic and commercial experts have spoken so enthusiastically during the
past few months.
Notes • Notions • Rotables
To find better preventive methods, doctors in recent
years have veen studying the commlon cold more carefully than ever, aud two authorities htve summarized
the supposed causes of this afflicti'o.i under five headings: chills and drafts, conditions of the weather, irritation of the membrane on the breathinj; apparatus, infection and bad ven(ilatiion. The last il: regarded as the
commonest of all the causes, as warm stagnant air produces congestion and swelling of the mucous membrane
which becomes covered w|ith a thick secretion and agords
a Weak spot for germs" to attackl In cool air this membrane remiBlns taut and well moistened. Then in a
poorly ventilated room, cold currents of air are likely
to Bti-like the feet While the head is ex; osed to the warm,
polluted upiper atu-osphere.,Ttii's is just the reverse of
what is considered the ideal condition for health, "cool
breezes blowing around the head, tb* radiant heat of
the sun, and a warm ground to stand on."Exposure alone
*s*s)ill not cause colds in healthy individuals, the doctors
declare. Arctic explorers, fishermen tnd others who remain out of doors for long hours in stormy, cold weather,
ofttn seem immune from these disorders. Irritation of
the mucous membrane of the respiratory passages by
dusts and chemicals is also a common cause of colds.
Mrs. Carveth Wells wife of a British railroad engineer,
spent several months with her husban 1 in the jungles of
the Malay peninsula. She relates her experience with
the funny flsh of Malay. "I saw one flsh there," she
say, whicli came out of a hole in Uie ground, hopped,
skipped and jumped to a'tree, climbed up and winked its
eye at me. Then it climlbed down, walked to a pool,
stood on the edge, dipped up some water in one fin and
took a shower bath. It was the famous funny flsh, which
ls rarely seen in water. It 'is known to scientists as Peri-
opthalmuB schlosseril. It sounds line a typical fisherman's story, but its habits are exactly as I have stated."
For many years the Unjteds Statehas been the greatest
producer of peppermint and spearmint oils, and from
pressent indications bids fair to hold the lead. Japan,
Russia, Germuny and England are also considerable producers, tlie last two centuries turning out clils of the
highest con-tiisterqiuil quality. iNo accurate statistics of
the world's output of these commodities appear to be
available, but it 'is tho imjpresslon among those best Informed that the annual production of oil exceed 600,000
pounds, of which the United States contributed about
f25"0,OO0 pounds.
England hns always been famous for her vure-bred cattle and sheep. Nearly 300 yours ago huge oxen were
produced there. In his diary, Evelyn speaks of an ox
that was nineteen dands high and four yards long, and
that was in 1049. At, that date Leicestershire Bheep had
already obtained a great reputation and fetched high
vrlces. The marvelous sheep of New South Wales, one
of which recently yielded forty-five and one-half pounds
of wool at a clip, are of purely BISritiBh descent.
In the old days all shipping advertisements in the
papers used to be embelished with a picture of a ship.
At first they were all sailing ships, but gradually the
steamers came under the reader's eye. Column after
column of some of the papers used to be filled with these
advertisements, and a great fleet of vessels used to appear in print dally. It made the papers a bit more ln-
terestin g to those who could not read, and Illiterate
sailors used to spend much of their time criticizing the
cuts and ridiculing the advertisers who used pictures of
brigs to advertise full-riggers. A good story is told of
an old pilot of the eajly days, a good old sailor, but absolutely Illiterate. He picked up a paper in a stall iu a
saloon and made a bluff at being occupied in reading it.
It so happened that lie hold the paper upside down when,
an acquaintance entered, singing out, "What's the news
A dress show remarkable in several ways was staged at
Bush house, house, Strand, W. C, where the first free
public exhibition in London of the handicrafts of the
blind was disvlayed. Dainty frocks were shown, but the
girls who made them never saw them. Some of the girls
are deaf and dumb as well aB blind. Their work is so
good that it sells in the best salons of Paris and London
In the Rue de la Paix, fn Bond street, Regent street and
Oxford street women are unknowingly buying the work
of these afflicted girls and praising the perfection of the
articles and the "extra finish." Each girl Is responsible
for a igarment throughout all its processes—from the
yarn to the completed parts. The wages are higher than
those paid ln factories where the emvloyees are sighted.
Between 300 and 4010 garments are turned out a week.
All tills pother about campaign funds and bribery is
ridiculous. We all know that it is true. Since Slocan
became a separate riding we have had three represent;!
tlves—Labor, Grit and Tory—and all three came out of
politics poorer than when they went in. Nine out of ten
electors say they are "back numbers" or "plain d—d
fools." This is the reward for honesty fn politics. The
trouble with the present virtuous outbreak is that both
parties have been caught in the act of receiving money
from the booze ring for "assurance and protection." It
is presumed that Labor, Provincial and Independent members were not of sufficient importance to get in on the
divvy.—New Denver Record.
On the Hawaiian Islands may be found wonders of nature not seen anywhere else in the world. On Maui, the
Garden island, the volcano of Haleakala rears Its snowcapped crest above the clouds. The rim of the crater is
twenty miles around, and here it Is that the rare silver
sword plant may be found. From a distance it resem-
bleh the yucca of California. Thick, felt-like leaves clus
ter at the base of a tall slender stem,crowned with a silvery plume of flowers. The Bilver sword is becoming
scarce, due to the ravages of mountain goats. It grows
in such inaccessible places that it is as difficult to gather
as the Alpine edelweiss. ,
The naval observatory says that at either pole the moon
is above the horizon continuously for about two weeks,
and then below the horizon continuously for about two
weeks. At the Arctic and" Antarctic circles there are
some years when for a few days in eacb month the moon
does not set, and a few days in each month when it does
not rise; otherwise at these circles it rises and sets daily,
in the polar regions, during the winter months, the moon
is generally abave the horizon when it is full and below
the horizon when it is new, and the reverse is the case
during the summer months.
Tie Spice of Life
xperlence is what   one   gets   when
looking for something else.
"The alchemists of three or four centuries ago were
the chemists of their day," says Dl"*. E. E. Free, writing
in the Forum. "They were honest, ftidustrious, respected. It is always unwise to imagine that the great men
of another age were either knaves or fools. We define
gold, today, in a chemical fashion. We know of certain
chemical testa to which the atom of no element exeept
gold will respond. We apply these tests. If they fail we
say that the substance before us is not gold, no matter
how gilt it may ibe nor how gold-like. may be Kb properties. This Is a new way to define gold. The alchemists
had na acquaintance with atoms nor were they much concerned with chemical teBts. When they wanted gold,
what they wanted waB something which would look like
gold, would feel like gold, would behave like gold against
the air and water and fire. Such tests constituted their
definition of goldlf a metal met them, that was enough.
It is distinctly possible that a number of the alchemical
procedures really did produce just this—not gold as we
define It, but something just as good; something that was
gold as the alchemists defined it. A number of them recorded that they had made gold; they left ditections for
making it. Either they were frightful liars or they had
made something that suited them. And it is not very
probable that they were liars. We know how to make today a number of alloys that looks enough like gold to be
its twin. Even jewelers have been fooled by some of
these alloys. Probably this Is just what a few of our ancient fellow chemists did and what they considered,
rightly enough, to be a considerable success."
Poems From EasternLands
**        One wbb asking of a Teacher,        ,
"How a Father Wa reputed        ,
Son for his should recognize?" ,
Said the Master, "By the stripling, ,
As he grows to manhood, growing
Like to his reputed Father,
Good or Evil, Fool or Wise.
"Lo the disregarded Darnel
With itself adorns the wheat field,
And for all the vernal season ,
.Satisfies the farmer's eye;
But the hour of harvest coming,
And the thrasher by and liy,
Then a barren ear shall answer,
'Darnel, and no 'Wheat, am V "
—From Salaman and Absal.
<zA ncient History"
The work of putting a log slide over the smelter dam
was commenced this week by the Yale-Columbia Lumlber
'W. E. caporn, who owns a group of four mineral claims
on Hardy mountain near the oity, is engaged ln developing the properties.
The Kettle Valley line intends to commence tracklaying on the North Fork extension on the 15th of next
month. '*.
Grand Fork spent, besides the government grants, $4-
506.65 on education during 1906.        ,
- Drowning Man:   "Quik, throw me a
life-belt!" '
Rescuer (a tailor):    "Yes, sir. What
size round the waist?"
Teacher:     Wastus,   what   animal   is
most noted for Its fur?"
Rastus:   De i rank.   De more fur you
gets away turn you -~ 'better it    is
fer you:" j
"Your lordship," Bald Pat to the
judge, "it's a dlborce I'll be afther
gettin ' from me wife.Norah. She
talk s all night and she talks all
day" "Why, what doeB she talk
about " "At, that's what's the
bother.   She,-don't say."
Judge: "You told me Just now
that Pat Btruck Mike, and now you
It was Mike that struck  Pat."
Witness: "Well, yer honor, as
there are "two sides to a question,
It is only air, Isn't it, to allow as
-nany to an answer?"
''Well,    you    have    already   good
protection    against    Are,"  dconede ]
the  consistent  insurance    salesman,
"but   how   about a little hail insurance "
"Such an idea!" snorted the business miin. "How could you start a
\aU sortrm?"
An art critic, speaking of the Mr-
tues of this picture and the faults
of that oneflnally came to a picture
in the gallery and Baid to his snill-
<n"- if slightly bored companion:       '
"Now, you see in this picture tho
artist has not learned his trade—it
lacks technique and understanding
Here, you see, he has resorted to a
: rick to catch the public eye and
*ias attempted to paint a fly. Now,
1 would not object to a fly, had he
been able to draw better and make
it look like a fly.
"Tbis fly looks like a lump of
mud and has not the character cf a
At this point the flp, hablng tired
of the critic's rambling, took wing
ind flew awaiy.
With the advent af warmer   weather the griv appears
to have loosened its hold on the people of the city.
Two Cornish miners cobeted a
cow which belonged to a nei*rhb:.ir
and laid plans to steal lt. In their
-hosen ni ght, it happened that a
travelling plaper had asked for and
obtained lodging at "the neighbor's
house. The owner put the cow In
the shed in order to give the -sear
the run of the barn.
The thieves arrived, one went to
secure the cow, while the other
watched. A clamor o^ cries and
blows came front the barn. The
noise filled the night and the lookout cried:    "Hae gotten 'im, Tam?"
The horror of the unknown was
in Tarn's boice as he replied: "Was
gotten  "im?   Nay!   "Ees   gotten I!"
A gentleman one day walking
down a street in Belfast saw an old
Irish woman begging.
"Could you spare a copper for an
old woman, sorr?"
The gentleman taking pity on her
gave her sixpence.
"God bless you, sorr," Bald the
old woman, "and may everp hair
in per head be a candle to light pou
to glory."
Taking o his hat and showing a
bald head, the gentleman siad drily:
"It won't be much ot a torchlight
vrocession,  madam!"
Idleness travels so slowly that
voberty soon obertakes it.
"Hello,  Brown,    old    man;    ages
since I bsw you.   How's the wife?"
"Haben't you heard?"
"Heard  what?"
"She's joined the great majoritp."
!"Good   heabens!   Not  dead?"
"No.   Shingled."
"Hi. IWhat do you nfean by shy-
rng stones at my dog?" shouted tiie
Infuriated man.
"Well," said the youth, "he bit
me, that's why."
''How many times?" asked the
"Once, and that's enough, isn't
"Yes; but you shied at him twice,
you young scamp."
"Of course," said the youth/'pnee
bit, twice shy."
Recently at our dinner table the
between my father and my brother:
"Son, don't you know tbat when
grace is being asked you should
close your eyes and bowyour head?'
"Yes, ather, but how do you
know I didn't?"
As a goods train went by showing
a green light, a passenger on the
platform    obserbed to an Irishman:
"Pat, what kind of oil do yott
suppose they use to produce that
"Shure," came Pat's answer In a
flash, "I should say some o the
Imeraid Oisle, sir."
Proved safe by millions and prescribed by physicians for
Neuralgia Neuritis
Headache Toothache
Colds Lumbago
Pain Rheumatism
Beware of Counterfeits
There is only ope genuine
"ASPIRIN" tablet. If a tablet js offered as "ASPIRIN"
and is not stamped with thc
"Bayer Cross"-refuse it with
at all 1 Don't take chances I
Accept only  "Bayer" gacT
which contains proven direc
Handy "Bayer" boxes of  !*!
Also bottles of 24 and 100—"
Aspirin is the trade mark (s-e-risterad In Canada) of Bayer Manufnotun ct *"
scldester of Salicjrlicacld (Acetyl Salicylic Acid. "A. S. A.").   Wl,nn it Is >
tlmt Aspirin means Bayer muultctui-e.to assist the public afeinat imitations ::■..
,«* i:ayer Company will be stamped with their reueral trade mark, tho "Ii.  mi
■■ ..-.•*
A -:*!!c*»i--m.-i *•»'•* i'u i*<- li'tlv  pure has** nl
t\*   .'.-•n-:! ».*-   'MVMij.1   *:y   lhe   r*ty,   wi'.hi
.'lum-ijuriiy, nr;' invitihi.
Prises-—»Fr >m ■.'.■>.?.'>.■<) -»-*r !■.*' u ■>.        * .
Terms*--Cash in, -) aj»•■--••*-■•■,--.5 nn-
List  of Lot* anil   (>ri ■•■•<*   ">■<■
City Office.
• lis Ci. ,:..
Giving Wings
to Friendship
The long distance telephone gives wings
to friendship. It enables the human
voice to be carried along wires at a
speed of thousands off mi les per second
without losing any of its cordiality. The
special night rates after 8:30 p. m. are
advantageous for social chats.
British  Columbia Telephone
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year
--gfe Sun's Page rf Pictures oi People and Events of Passing News Interest
The Maori Rugby Team giving their
war cry prior to their first game In England against Somerset. They recently
(rave)Kti across Canada an Canadian Pacific line., for New Zealand after an ei-rht
months tour of England and France. •**••
Where Wolves Will Ron With Huskie Dogs
-.■':!■■:';'■ ■'-?:■   »; ;S ■'<:   f,":? •! J***' :..'V. ;V■' ":*;**■:■"';*>sv|:  :,;™v""fV!**.i'.'i;":f:
j ^pS » *.,     $  ■   * * ,
The Russian Government is to
buy another herd of Canadian
horses this spring, it v/as announced
at the Alberta Provincial Horse
Breeders' Association meeting in
Calgary recently. R. E. Wilson,
Dominion Government agent, who
was responsible for the statement,
declared that from 2,000 to 5,000
horses would be required.
An entirely new and unique test
will soon be made at the Chateau
Frontenac, Quebec, by Arthur Beauvais, driver ol the Frontenac dn.*
team. He has three wolves which he
has reared from babyhood. The,*
have been kept in a -kennel in the
same building with his huskies. They
are shy little things and appear bb
aliens among the dogs. They are not
as playful as pups, and to overcoir.e
their shyness Beauvais often puts
three little huskie pups in for play-
mates when they forget themselves
•nd seem less homesick for their
parents and the great out-doors.
These little creatures are now only
eight months-old, yet In this slytt't
time have learned much of mortals,
and they have already had one trip t)
Boston where thejr were exnibit'-d bf
the Canadian Pacific Rai'r■-.-/ ot the-
Sportsman's Show. •
One morning a brand nev- sporty
looking collar -was placed on one.
and the dignity this wild anim: 1
suddenly acquired was amazing. It
was like a child with new, shoes. It
turned its little head frit one sida,
then the other and sat*tlown in a
nedate manner, all four feet together
und held ita head Ugh haughtily and
aaid with its eyes/how look at me".
Do wild animals' understand? Ye**
Indeed, that wWd beast was as solf-
conscious as/iny human decked out
In a ne .v recalia.
Shortly after the return, of the
wolvesssfrom Boston, one of tho little
creatures sprained iti shoulder. When
Beauvais entered the building and
went up to the kennel, or compartment allotted thorn, which has wire
netting around, the poor little thing
came up to him for sympathy. It
was duly rubbed with lotions and
cared for, not in the least resenting
anything which was done for it.
A cute little sleigh, French-Canadian in design, has been built for it
art'd the picture shows little Master
Beauvais all ready for his first ride
as soon as the wolf is harnessed. It
is now three months since this wild
animal has been tame enough for this
little child to play with, and one
wonde.rs if the old saying "A little
child shall lead them" can be applied
in this instance. It can, however be
stated that' when this picture .was
tiken the., wolf had- to be literally
pulled out of the street back to its
kennel. It was interested in the
people around, the dogs, the taxis and
sleighs which passed as he posed for
one of his many pictures taken
lately. . t
It will indeed be worth while to
follow the adventures of a wild
creature from the woods of Quebec
province, into the biggest organization of Its kind in the world, s frequenter of the Chateau Frontenac,
one who has already taken trips, and
who will in time know tbe hearts and
fcindness of people it will come ir
contact with.
The year 1926 was a banner year
for the British . Columbia coast
steamship service of the Canadian
Pacific Railway, according to Captain J. W. Troup, manager of that
branch of the CP.R. fleet. The
"Princess Marguerite" and the
"Princess Kathleen," in the triangular service, make a fine record and
the Alaskan tourist business was
For the firat time In the history
of Alberta, alfalfa seed is being
shipped to Denmark. This is registered Grimm alfalfa grown by the
Grimm Alfalfa Seed Growers' Association, at Brooks, which this year,
produced one-third of a million
pounds of this seed. It appears that
Danish growers have experimented
with this seed in the past and have
now placed an order for 50,000 i
The Nova Scotia Fruit Growers' ;
Association has requested the Prov- :
incial  Department of  Natural   Re- |
sources to appoint and send over- I
seas a Commission to enquire into
the conditions under   which   Nova
Scotia  apples  are  marketed.    The
suggested  personnel  is, the Secretary   of   the   Nova   Scotia   'Fruit
Growfrs' Association, a representative of the United Fruit Companies
and the newly appointed Provincial
Horticultu-.-it.  Prof.  Middleton.
The' Restaurant Waiter: "Wonderful weather we are   having, sir."
Absent Minded Professor: "All
rlfjbjt. brine an Mm.-* THB SUN: GRANT) FORKS, BEITI8H O&LtiMBIA
No Other Tea as Good
no il 11 n mi
We ask you to test this yourself.
Mrs. E. Jacobson died at
home in Spokane a week ' ago last
Friday of pneumonia. The Jacob-
son family formerly lived in this
city, Mr. Jacobson being engaged in
the contracting ano building business.
During tl:< tear 1926 about 3,600
live foxes of an average value of
$.'!00 each were reported by sis
her | fari-|»r* ol Prince Edward Island.
They" also sold about 20,000 fox
skins at an average price of $100
each, so that the fox farming industry in the province has yielded •
revenue of about two million dollars.
A man named McDonald from
'Republic died In the Orand Forks
hospital  on Monday night.
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Wiseman, of
Kimberley, are visiting friends in
the city tbis Week. They formerly
lived here. ,
Mrs.   Walter  Larsen , ls    visiting
frielnds  in  Spokane  this  week.
The Forest Service of the Department of the Interior, through the
forest nursery stations at Indian
Head and Sutherland, aent out 6,-
512,245 little trees for planting on
the prairie farm*,, during the season .
of 1926. Since the beginning of
this work in 1001 the total number
of trees so sent out has been a little
over 87,600,000.
'Kenneth Murray returned on Monday from) Trail, where he worked at
the Consolidated smelter during the
past Winter.
The Kootenay Presbytery of the
United Church of Canada meets in
Nelson on (March 1.
Nelson again turned a cold shoulder
to beer, when, in one of the heaviest
polls ln the history of the city, the
ratepayers this week ruled by a majority of an even hundred against the
introduction of sale of beer by tbe
glass. A total of 1370 cast their ballots, 1126 In the city proper, Where the
vote was, yes 534, no 692; and 244 in
Fairview, where the vote was, yes
101, no 143. The total vate was 635
for, 735 against. The majority ot 100
is a serious cut of the sweeping mar- (
gin of 1924, when Nelson turned down j '
the proposition by the largest ma-'
jority in the Kootenays with the exception of Kaslo.
The Canadian Pacific liner S.S.
"Montroyal" sailed from New York
recently on her eleventh cruise to
the West Indies, carrying about 360
passengers from all parts of Canada and the United States. The
cruise will occupy four weeks, with
the liner stopping at fourteen porta
in the West Indies, the Mainland
of South America and the Panama
Canal zone.
Announcement was made at Canadian Pacific Railway headquarters
in Montreal to the effect that
Charles Edward Phelps, formerly
city passenger agent of the company at Washington, has been appointed general agent passenger
department, rail and steamship
lines, Washington, D.C. Mr. Phelps
lias boen serving the Canadian Pacific from Washington since 1916.
Political roorbachs are always
drafted in accordance with the desires
of their originators. Therefore they
are absolutely worthless.
rish families will be established in
n new colony at Saddle Lake, early
this spring. This will be tbe second
settlement of its kind in this pror-
ince—the first having been established north of Vermillion. Buildings are
now being erected tin fifty farms at
Saddle Lake and it is expected that
new arrivals will take over holdings
there just as soon as necessary
arrangements can be made.
Thirty members of prominent industrial, social and athletic groups
In Detroit, travelling C.P.B. under
the auspices of the Detroit Athletic
Club, took a week's winter trip td
Quebec for the purpose of enjoying
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ the seasonal sports. .They stopped
'Honey  crops  are  sometimes  light i a' the Chateau Frontenac in Quebec
from causes that   are    beyond    the I city anrJ stopped at Montreal and
control   of the beekeeper, but more | Ottawa to see the'i- N. H. L. hockey
often   are   they   light   because, he,! t*Jam   PIay  Montreal  Maroons  and
himself,  lacked  foresight  and   failed
to prepare  for them in    time.   The
period during which the honey  crop
is act
Ottawa Senators.
„ __„„-  „. .,   _ Donald B. McMillan, noted Arctic
tually stored is a comparatively   Explorer, gave his first  Canadian
•■^■.■al     i   I*-.*.*.**.-.    „„    *u_    fcr.-_-.-L    r*»_i_     . *_ ,
short one, lasting  perhaps from four j
lecture on the North Pole and re-
11     UI1G,      lUflMII*,       ll".,....*!,..      -.a*,..-     .-**.-    . ,      ,
to six weeks, but the preparations | K,0"s adjoining, at Montreal recently. Mr. McMillan showed some
remarkable slides of brillant Arctic
flowers which grow during the brief
Polar summer. "He also exploded
the common belief that Eskimo wo-
for securing that crop must be begun approximately eleven months
before and continued right up to
the time the flow starts. The requeening of colonies during the latter part of summer, the preparation
of the bees for winter, and spring
managenient are all preparations
for the crop of the following year,
antl the success of the crap Will depend largely upon the care with
which tbese preparations are made.
Failure to prepure equipment for
the active seuson Is also responsible
for considerable loss both in honey
and bees, und there is nothing more
disheartening nectar is abundant
and bees are swarming than to Untl
too few supplies ready to take care
of the situation. There is no time
like the present to prepare equipment. The bees are still in winter
quarters and require no attention.
Therefore, the beekeeper has ample
time to make an estimate of his requirements, overhaul all supplies
on hand, clean and repair them
wtjaere necessary and order new
ones that m|ay be needed. If the
latter are ordered early theycan be
made ready .for use before the foees
need full-time abtentlioii,, •—!C. B.
Gooderham,   Dominion   Apiarist.
men are not beautiful, showing pictures of some that might have posed
for the movies.
Quick work on the part of tha
C.P.R. investigation department and
the honesty of a lied Cap recovered
an American $500 bill for its loser,
II. S. Nauer, public accountant of
New* York, recently. Mr. Nauer
pulled it out of his pocket in getting
some small change and it fell to
the floor of the concourse of the
Montreal C.P.R. station. The Red
("';•*•>■ picked it up and handed it to
the station master. When Mr. Nauer
made enquiries, a few minutes later,
it was handed to him. He gave tha
Red Cap the handsome tip of $100.
3*^'.'' "V
The   best   corn and hay crops will
count   for   littlene when fed to animals that make   returns   below   the
market price for these crops.
Good foundations under buildings
are one of the most Important things
about buildings,
:     b
The official visit to Canada of the
Gentlemen Of His Majesty's Free
Chapel of St. George, in Windsor
Castle, and of the boy choristers of
Westminster Abbey, who are giving
song recitals across Canada from
Fredericton to" Vancouv-fr and back,
is made with the approval of His
Majesty the King. They arrived at
Saint John on the Canadian Pacific
liner Montrose and' travelled C.P.R.
across the E-o-nimon, giving their
first recital at Fredericton and
their second at Winnipeg.* Their
visit is more than a mark of inter-
Empire courtesy; it is a gesture that
should do much to help the fuller,
realization of possessions common
to Canada and G.eat Britain,
Phone SO
Cylinder heads of the detachable
varietp, like timling gearcaae cototb,
transmission covers, etc.,are shamefully abused by many who haveoc-
casion to remove and replace them.
As a result of this abuse, poor satisfaction Is often experienced and
serious damage is sustained by the
engine, where by proper precaution,
the same member pill glre^ong
and satisfactory service.
The cylinder head ls retained to
the cylinder block by a row of studs
and nuts extending around the
edges ln ordinary construction. If
in applying or removing the head
these nuts are tightened or loosened unevenly enormous pressure -will
be concentrated at a few points, resulting Jin warping .of the casting.
When once warped, a cylinder head
casting will not straighten out
again and cannot again be returned
to its true shape by any subsequent
even tightening • of nuts. Many
owners and repairmen of motor
cars understand the necessity of
even tightening of thse nuts but
fail to apply the principle in the reverse operation, Incontinently loosening away at one nut at a time,
and thus doing as much damage as
in tightening one at a time.
The proper n<ann©r of removing
a cylinder head is to loosen all ot
tbe nuts about a quarter turn, proceeding from one nut to the one as
nearly diagonally opposite as possible, repeating the process until all
are loose enough to turn freely.
Each may then be turned the rest
of the way off Individually. In -replacing the aame process should be"
reversed, each nut being screwed
down until resistance is felt and
then tightened each a quarter turn
in diagonal sequence until all are
Unless the head is badly gummed
in place with lead or carbon It
should be possible to loosen it by
tapping around the edge with a
hammer. This produces vibration
and the clearance of the holes in
the head around the studs permits,
the head to move slightly sidewise;
sufficient to break the bond, so that
it may be lifted off. Ia raising the
head a thin screw driver with as
wide a blade as possible should be
used to pry the head up, being Inserted above the gasket and not below it.
Wholesale fish firms of Yarmouth
and Halifax report that 1926 was
a record year, as to the demand for
fresh and smoked fish in Canadian
and United States markets. Ship,
ments were frequently made froml
Halifax to western Canada and]
points in California.
Immigration to Canada for the
eleven months of the calendar 1926
ended November 30, amounted tc
130,569 persons, according to a recent statement issued by the Department of Immigration and Colonization. This is an increase of 61
per cent, over the same period oi
1925, when the total immigration
was 80,904.
The Maori Rugby Football team
who have recently completed a sue.
cessful tour of France and Great
Britain, passed through Montreal
recently en route over the Canadian
Pacific lines to Vanconver, where
they sailed. for New ■ Zealand January 27. This team won, during
their eight-month tour, 22 of 31
games played.
According to recent compilation
by the Canadian Government, Canada now leads the world in public
per capita distribution of electricity
from central power stations. The
figures of kilowatt-hours generated
per capita per annum by the five"
leading countries are: Canada, 1,260;
Switzerland, 886; United States,
581; Sweden, 467; Norway, 870.
Try our Special Tea    B
at.. .65cper lb
Shoes, Shirts, Overalls
Good values for your
Call and see us before
General Merchant
.Established 1910
teal Estate and Insurance
Resident Agent Grmxl Forki Tow aiite
_m -      Conipftu,*-* limited
Get Your
at the
Phone 25
"Service and Quality'
■mis     ".Orchards     City Property
Agents at Nelson, Calgary, Wilini, i* and
..tlier Prairie points. Vnnconver Atr*ir :
gstssbllshml In 1*10, we are iu t> posllluii   lis
nrnlali reliable Information rouees-tlng this
sVrite (or tree llteinture
iMoauiiicntnl Worka
Produce* Co. Itoofintil
-OX 33?
Wholesale and Betail
eater Su
Ilavanu Cigars, Pipes
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand Forka. B. 6.
See the new Superior Chevrolet before you buy a
car. There are more cents in the CHOVROLKT
DOLLAR than iu any other automobile dcllar.
CHEVROLET Touring ,  $885
" Roadster .'.'    886
" Co»ob ,  1080
•* Coupee  1080
" Sedan ,  1200
" Laodeau Sedao  1250
" One-loo True**    935
Furniture Mado to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinda,
Upholstering Neatly Done
r. c. McCutcheon
APPLICATIONS for permits to grasc livestock on the Crown range within any
Grnsliis* District of the I'rovlnce ol British
Columbia, must bc Hied with tbe District
Forester at Fort George, Kamloops. Nelson,
Prince Rupert. Vancouver, and Williams
Lake on or before March Slst, 1927.
Blank forms upon which to submit applications may be obtained from the District Foresters at the above named places, or from
the Department ol Lands, Victoria, B C.
Deputy MlnUttSer of Lands.
Departmeutof Lends,
Victoria, B.C.,
January 4th, 11127.
A complete Hoe of-colored bonds
in all shades ior fapcy letterheads
aad other classes oi commercial
printing.  Sun Job Department.
Did you ever notioe tbat business
iirms wbo think that tbey can reach
Tb° Sun's readers through other
publicatiooe bave a great deal oi
leicuie time that might be more
orofitably employed? A number of
*uch firms have involuntarily retired
from business.
Classic blank oards for  • lassy in
vitatione and. announcements    Sun
Job Department.
E. C. HennigerOo.
Grain* Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Cement and Plaster
Poultry Supplies
Grand Forki, IJ. C.
Transfer Co.
City Baggage and General
Coal,   Wood and   Ice
Cor Sale
Offitt» at R. p. Porte's Store
PtMse 64
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty"
TUK value of wcll-
pri-.itcdfdteat appearing stationery as
a means of getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
elscwh ire.
Wedding invitations
Bail programs
Buii^is cards
Vi  l,ng cards
Sh' - iug tags
Letterheads ,
Pamphlet 3
Price lists
New Type
Latest Style
. Faces
Cili-mbta Avenue and
like Street
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yam Hotel,   Fiiist  ikkkt
Vacant, unreserved, surveyed Crowu lauds
may ba pre-empted by Brltl h subjeots over
18 years of an*", and by aliens on declaring
intention to beeoine British suBJects, eoudl*
tional upon rati lun-" occupation aud im-
proveiueutforagrioullaral purposes.
Full Information coueerniug re-illations
regarding pre'enintlous is given lu Bul.etlu
No. 1, Lhii I Series, "How to Pre-emnt l,ami,"
coplesol whieh can lieu'tal tie.I froo of tli urge
by addressing tbt- Uepitrtiueiit ol Lauds,
Victoria, U.C, or any Uovenuneul Ageut.
Records will be made covering only laud
suitable for agricultural purposes, anil wblcti
Is not tiiuberlaud 1 e„ currying over 5,00*
Hoard feet per aere west of. ttie Coast Itatiga
and 8 000 feet per aore cast cf that range. ,
^Applications for pre-emptions are to be
addressed to ibe Laud Commissioner ol tba
Land Recording Division, iu wbleh the land
applied for ls situated,and are made on
printed forms, otiples ol mu be obtained
from the Land Commissioner.
1're-eiuptious muat be oeeupled for fire
yearaaud Improvements made to value of 110
por aere, Including clearing and cultivating
at leaat live aorea, beiore a Orown Urant ean
be received.
For more detailed iiitormaiiou teethe Bnl.
letlu "Uow to Pre-empt Laud."
Applications are received for purchaae of
vacant and uuraaarved Crown Lands, not being timberland, for agricultural purposes!
minimum price of lint-class (arable) laud Is
|5 per aore. and ss-senhd-class (graaing) laud
f*.6u per aere. Fur.her Information regarding purchase or lease of Crown lands Is given
In Bulletin No. 10, Land Series. "Pinchase and
Lease ol Grown Lauds.'
HUS, factory, or industrial sites on timber
land, not eaoeediug 40 aorea, may be pur-
chased or leased, ou conditions Inoluding
payment of stumpage.
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding M aorea,
may be leased as homealtes, conditional unon
a dwelling being e eoted In tha flrat yaar,
title being obtainable alter residence and
Improvement oondltions are f ulBlled and land
haa beam aurveyed.
For-main--'nd Industrial purposes araaa
not exeeedli ■ 640 acres „,;,y hts leased by one
person or aeomneiiy.
V GRAZING.     ;
Under the Erasing Act the Proviuee la
divided Into « rasing dUlrlcts arid the range
administered under a Graxing Commissioner. Annual srraetng permit, ara
Iaaued naiad on .timbers ri.m-.ij, priority be-
In* given to estabUehed owners. Stoek
owners may form asso-il-iHons for range
management. Free, or partial! j tree, iwrmita
are. available lor seniors, nampera and
travellers ap to ten bead.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items