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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Jan 21, 1927

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Array 7
You never realize how much music you've had until the time to pay the fiddler
Word was received from Rossland
this ((Saturday) morning that a disastrous fire broke out In that city
last night. An entire block of stores
and 4-ulldiiigs was destroyed by the
Are. The water in the hydrants was
frozen, and the only thing that saved
the city from, destruction was thu
fact tliat the buildings ln the town
are covered with snow, as the lire
department was powerless to light
the janies.
The loss is estimated to be about
The block destroyed was the one
directly opposite the Bank of Montreal, and in which Tom Brown con-*
ducted his business and Magistrate
Plewman had his offloe.
■i   !
'*TclI me whilt you Know is tru'l
I cmn guessm well as yoa."
Why the Reel
Cross Ha Peace
Time Piogiau.
"Why has the Red Cross a ' peace
time program? And why did the Canadian Red Cross go on with it-
work after the war?" These two
questions > were asked Dr. ST. VV
Routley, director of the Ontario division of the Canadian Red Cross when
he returned very recently irom a
three months' sojourn in France,-
where he was in charge of the health
section of the League of Red Cross
Societies, which is conuposed of 56
nations, all of whom are "carrying
on" in peacetime as energetically as
they did during the war.
"The reason for the peace time pro
grom of the Red Cross," said Dr.
Routley, "is that the war revealed
some very startling facts with regard to the pbpsica-1 condition of the
world's manhood. Never before had
such imjneuse numbers of men been
subjected to medical examination,
and the results were astounding. A
summary of the medical reports on
the British draftees showed that of
every nine men three were fit, three
were inilrm,two were almost physical wrecks and qne a chronic invalid.
In Canada we found that almost ex-
actlp one-half the draftees were
physically unfit for for full service
in the Held. In all countries similar
held delusion that ln peace there
need be no struggle to attain aud
maintain health among the people
was forever dissipated. Jt was for
the first time realized that good
health is a fundamental essential to
all national greatness and that it
can not be found in war times unless
it has existed in times of peace.
1 "Soon after the armistice the five
great (powers (Great Britain, the
United States, France, Italy and Japan) became active in the initiation
of a committee 'to formulate and to
propose to the Red Cross societies ol
the world an extended programol
Red Cros s work in the interests ol
humanitp.' A conference of medical
experts—one of the most remarkable
gatherings of authorities on health
questions the world hadseen—met at
Cannes n April, 1919, and decided,
after careful deliberation, 'that a non
political organization such as the
Red Cross would be able to educate
the public regarding the means of
-prevention of disease, and would lie
In many other ways able to stimu-
Iate,sui-port. and aid all government''
ln their health work.'
"So in tbe covenant of the League
ot Nations, at the request of al tho
nations participating ln the pence
conference, a special article was inserted defining a peace time program
for the Red Cross, and in 1919 the
League of Red Cross Societies was
formally brought into being. Headquarters of the league are in Paris,
where a staff of nearly one hundred
health experts, representing many
nations, carry on the work of the
secretariat, which consists of nurs-
* ing, disaster relief, Junior Red Cross
and the health and publications sections, where my own work lay.
"The league, ln my opinion, is doing an invaluable work toward the
rehabilitation ot many of the war
torn countries of Europe; it is mak-
- ing equally invaluable contributions
to the cause of preventive medicine
through the collection and dissemination by its experts of the best health
knowledge; -tnd it was most gratifying to find that Canada occupies a
front rank positionin public health
work and is shoulder to shoulder in
methods and vision with the four or
live great nations of the world.
"Our Canadian    Nursing    Outpost
Hospitals, the first of their   kind   in
the wofld, our Junior Red Cross,
which began in 1914 with one small
group In Montreal, our Visiting
Housekeepers' plan for n-slstln*;
tllstressed families and our general
procedure with regard to health
work ln Canada I found to be all
matters of the greatest interest to
my fellow workers In Europe. Soveral countries are already imitating
our outpost hospitals idea. It haB
spread to Australia, Norway, Sweden'
Poland ahd Bulgaria; the Germans
are trying out in some of their bigger
cities the Visiting Housekeeper plan
and there is universal enthusiasm
regarding the possibilities of the
Junior Red Cross, which began with
us, but has now a membership of
over ten millions througho t the
world. Of the great tasks being undertaken in E-irope by the Red Cross
I found the re-establlshment of the
Bulgarian refugees of perhaps the
mlost intense interest, but there is
mAich else to arrest attention. An
international course in public health
nursing has been recently inaugurated at Bedford college, England, for
nurses from i all countries, and already there are women from fourteen different countries in attendance. Just think what Florence
Nightingale wo Id have thought of
that as a stride in preventive medicine and the healing arts! But it is
only one sample of the constructive
work which ls being undertaken in a
dozen di erent directions by the
League of Red Cross Societies ln Its
peace time program."
In <^ff ica
AT iill
Penticton, January • 20.—For tho
past ten daps the Penticton Cooperative association has Ibeen busy packing and shipping apples. A stron-i
demand for the later Ivarieties has
sprung up and forty hands were engaged to meet the market requirements from this end of the valley.
During the week just passed 22 carloads were shipped from Penticton
alone. Some few cars are for the
prairies, but the majoritp are for
overseas. Leslie Roadhouse, who is
in charge of the local shipping house,
expects to be busy for the remainder
of the winter, the quantity of fruit
still on hand being pretty heavy. Two
graders are at work, employing over
30 girls'.
No farmer ls a good citizen unless
he is actively Interested ln the welfare of his community.
Lack of paint on the farm buildings not onlp makes them look ramshackle but It also lets them rot.
The successful feeded Invariably
feeds -t variety;—whether It be in
our homes or in feed lots.
The shrewd farmer makes the gas
engine help him do the chores and
thus saves time and money.
The men who get the lower cost of
production are usuallp the better
mon; that's why they get the lowor
With the closing of the egg-laylug
contest held recently at Agassiz,
•"British Columbia achieved two
world's records. Hen No. 6, a White
Leghorn, entered by the University
of llritish Columbia, leads the world
with 348 eggs in 365 days. This hen
produced an egg a day for 200 con-
sective days. The previous record
was made by an Australian hen iu
1924 with 347 eggs.
P. W. Appleby, Mission, has the
champion pen of all Canada, with an
average, of over 290 eggsi per bird
Mr. Appleby began keeping poultry
ten years ago as a lad of 14, in Mission. His winning pen and commercial flock are White Leghorns.
Mrs. Rogers—"What's the matter
with Mr. Brenham? Has he lumbago
or "spinal curvature or something?"
Mrs. Feather—"No, he has to walk!
that way to fit some shirtsthat Mrs. i
Brenham   made   for him tor Christ-1
Of the three largest overseusaunits that make up
the British conmronwealth ot nations, the Union of
South Africa is the only one presenting serious racial
problems. The wthite population of about a million and
a half is divided between people of British and Dutch
origin, while the papulation of blacks is more than
threel times that of the whites. This racial situation
has affected the molding of the governmental machinery
The Union of South Africa, although half around the
world from Canada and little known to Canadians, has
in its history chapters which we know by heart. It has
vast areas taken over from aborigines; thousands of its
white settlers were massacred by savag' -, but others,
undaunted pressed on In their prairie schooners ever
farther into the interior of an unknown continent; a
gold rush won a new em*pire; and the land is possessed today of a stubborn race problem^
■ In one respect, however, the "carving out of what is
now the Union of South Africa is without its parallel
in the development ot any other country. There the
strife of two white peoples for control has been an all
important factor. For about a century and a half the
Dutch had possession of Copetown and the small area
surrounding it which harbored all the whites in South
Africa. The Napoleonic wars transferred possession to
England, and in 1806 the English assumed a flnal control, which many of the Dutch inhabitants resented.
In 1836 many of the Dutch farmers or "Boers" began
trekking into the interior with the intention of settling beyond EngliBh Influence. When Englishmen followed them they trekked farther. Finally, beyond the
Orange river they founded the Orange Free State, and
beyond  the  Vaal  river,  the  Transvaal  republic.
First diamonds and then gold were discovered ln the
new states. They brought great prosperity to the Boer
republics, but they brought outsiders as well; and the
presence of these Anally led to the Boer war as a result of which the republics came into the possession of
Great Britain.
Aside from the war-born republics and monarchies
of the last eight years, the Union of South Africa is
one of the youngest of the important countries of the
world. It, too, was largely war-born. Shortly after the
conclusion of the Boer war plans were set on foot to
fusethe two old republics with Cape Colony, the oldest
South African government, and Natal.next in point of
age, to form the new union. It was finally created by
an act signed in 1910,
The territory of tho Union occupies the whole southern antl southeastern tip of Africa in a wide strip extending about 250 miles inland from the Indian ocean.
Its area lacks only 25,000 square miles of reaching the
half million mark. Of its four provinces, Cape Colony
is slightly larger than Texas, the Transvaal about the
size of Nevada, and Orange Free State slightlp smaller
than Alabama, wlhile Natal exceeds South Carolina by
a few thousand square miles.
From the south and southeast South Africa is a series
of mighty terraces, each with a rim of high mountains
from below and low ones from above. Most of the
sir-roes near the sea are fertile, well wooded and well
watered. The ascending steps vary in moisture and
fertility.    ■
Toward the inner edge of the territory of the Union
are the world's greatest diamond mines, where earth
sullieient to fill thousands of cars is screened yearly for
the sake of a peckor two of diamonds. But the few
handfuls of diamonds exported in 1913, the last year before the world war, were worth more than fifty million
dollars and exceeded n value the combined value of the
many shiploads of wool, ostrich feathers, hides and coal
that sailed away from' South Africa tbe same year.
Some 200 miles to the northeast of the diamond country are the gold fields. In their midst is the gold-built,
wonder city of Johannesburg, metropolis of South Africa. After (.ho discovery of gold ln the eighties the city
sprang up almost overl the night, and the people flocked there by the thousands.
Cape of Good Hope province'or "Cape Colony," as it
ls yet usually termed) is the premier unit ot the Union
both in area and size. With its area of approximately
277,000 square miles lt is more than one-tenth as large
us the entire United States, and it* is more extensive
than Its throe Bister provinces combined. From the sea
much of Cape Colony seems barren, but the soil ls rich
and after therainy  season, productive.
Natal lios just around Africa's corner.only a little
way beyond tlie Cape of Good Hope. It fronts,
therefore, on the southern part of the Indian ocean. It
extends roughly between south latitudes 27 and 32, and
has a position corresponding in the northern hemisphere to that of northern Florida and the southern and
central portions of the other Gulf states. In the matter
of location, then it can be seen that Natal should have
an excellent chance to become South Africa's "Dixie."
The coastal belt is relatively low and warm/with a subtropical climate. In this zone it is believed thatNatal
can develop an Important cotton production. There,
too, Is a considerable sugar industry and large tea plantations. Back about 30 miles from the coast the midland belt begins. This zone is higher and cooler as is
the back! country of the American Gulf states and constitutes a "corn belt." Still farther from the coast are
uplands of Natal, where higher altitude and lower temperature corn-bine to create conditions like those or the
plains of Texas and Oklahoma. And, as in ttie uplands
of those states.stock raising and cereal production are
the dominant industries. Natal has a population of
about 140,000 whites and approximately ten times as
many negroes and East Indians.
Orange Free State province is entirely inland, separated from the Indian ocean bp the high Drakensberg
range, and from; the Atlantic by half the width of the
continent.   It He3 on the great South African tableland
made up for the most part or rolling plains with here
and there "rands" or ridges. The population is largely
of Dutch origin.
Still farther tn lies the fourth province, Transvaal,
with an area twice that of Orange Free State and a population more than three times as great. The white population, us in all the other provinces, is greatly in the
minority. Physically, Transvall is much like Orange
Free State, a land of rather driy upland plains.
The Union of South Africa bas a system of divided
capitals. Fron* Pretoria, capital of the Transvaal republic, the administrative activities of the Union are
carried on. The parliament meets in Cape Town;
while the supreme court of appeals sits in Bloemfonteln,
capital ot Orange Free State. _
Provincial Parliament
(Correspondence of the Grand Forks Sun.)
Vlctorit, January 20.—"Fishing expeditions" on behalf
of members of the Conservative opposition In the legislature mlarked tihe flrst week's proceedings of the 1927
session. They fished for news of what the government
proposes to do with regard to the Pacific Great Eastern
railway; what settlement mlay be made of the Sumas
reclamation claim's, and what is to be done ajout this
and that. They badgered the Oliver administration
about "alleged" wrong-doing and practically decared
that the country was going to the bow-wows.
Premier Oliver had a rea*dy answer for everything
when he participated in the debate on the reply to the
speechfrom the throne on Friday. During the ten years
which the Liberals had been in power in British Columbia, he said, industrial payrolls had increased from $40,-
000,000 a year to $116,000,000. Every one of the four
basic industries, lumbering, mining, agriculture and
fishing, had shown phenomenal development and the
credit of the province was the highest of any province
in Canada. 1
He said that while ten years ago he had remarked to
the late Premier Brewster that the Pacific Great Eastern would ruin any government, the Liberal government
was not yet ruined, and prominent business men held
the ■ view that remarkable success had been achieved
ln carrying the railway burden as well as had been done
He admitted the problem was a difficult oue to solve
The Dominion government; Sir Henry Thornton, president of the Canadian National; the Canadian Pacifis
railway, and the Alberta government were not interested; nor had it been possible to sell the line to private urchaspers, even conslderiug the fact that a land
grant of 16,000,000 acres had been provided for last session.
However, added tbe government leader, everything
possible was being done to get settlers ou the laml
along the railway, to construct roads, develop the mining areas contiguous to the line aud to mane a colonization road out of the railway. This seemed at present
the only course to follow. The frank explanations ol
Hon. Mr. Oliver lost the government no friends.
Vlctorit, January 20.—An act to
provide for old age pensions for the
people of British Columbia was introduced Into the legislature by Premier Oliver. Its Introduction came
as a bombshell, as although the zov-
eminent has long legislation of this
kind provided the Dominion took tlie
first step, there had no Inkling thut
a bill would be brought down at this
session. The premier's action wus
taken as an indication that British
Columbia is anticipating early federal legislation and will be ready to
take advantage of lt as soon as
Victdria, January 20.—When Attorney General Manson rose in the legislature Tuesday afternoon to move
second reading of Bill No. 2, an act
respecting the duties of agents in the
sale of products of the soil, opposition members came to attention and
a discussion arose over the opinions
of fruit growers in the dry belt.
The minister said he would let the
bill stand over, but J. W. Jones, Conservative, South Okanagan, wanted
the attorney general to explain the
Premier Oliver said he had received a wire from the growers asking to be allowed to air their views
on general topics before the agricultural committee. He said he had
telegraphed acceding to that request,
and he assured the house that every
opportunity would be given all interested to express themselves. Tho
bill was stood over,
Another public issue which it is admitted is enough
to wreck any administration, is the liquor question.
This was freely discussed last week, but every criticism
was met by the suggestion that if the opposition would
faithfully assist the government, there would be comparatively little difficulty. A demand by the opposition
that there be a thorough investigation of the liquor
problem Is effectively countered by the government''
proposal that liquor be divorced from politics, so that
there  may  be  suspicion  of governmental  influence.
- Hon. W. H. Sutherland, minister of public works, wai.
attacked for alleged favoritism in the lotting of contracts. It was claimed that work was costing too much,
that there should be no subcontracts permitted and
that all tenders should be opened in public. The min
Uter retorted by stating that the most efficient engl
neers ln the country marvel generally at the low cost of
construction. He explained that through necessary re
location of routes at times conctruction might cost num
than tendered prices, but he challenged the opposition
to show whore there had beeu unnecessary over-uxpen-
diture or extravagance.
Keep lour Foot
On the Clutch
Another attack on the government whicli was turned
backwith little difficulty was thut against lion. T. I)
Pattullo, minister of lands, who was accused of sellln
timber on Graham island, Queen Charlotte group, fin
too small a price. However, severul Conservative niein
bers came to the rescue and stated tlieir belief that lbe
government hatl received a good price for the timber,
and its sale would In most valuable industrial develop
Conservative members subsiding by feebly demanding
that in future longer notice be given of impending sule;,
of timber.
i The debate will probably occupy all of this week
and by January 24 the house will get down to real business and discuss legislation to be introduced by the various departments and by private members. The session promises to be a momentous one.
Victoria, January 20.—Government storage plants at
Vancouver and some British port, a government managed distribution system In the old country, and an
agreement for special steamship service from British
Columbia to Europe, wert> suggested as the solution of
the problems of the Interior fruit growers by Charles
Woodward, Vancouver member, In the house Wednesday. He declared that by this method, growers could
market their products to the best advantage. The ships
would discharge their cargoes Into the growers own
plant in Britain, where the distributing organization
would put the fruit on the market   without    its    going
Keep pour foot on the clutch despite what experts tell you to the
contrary. If tho traffic is great,keep
your foot on tlie clutch. Don't take
unuecessarp chances on the highway
or In tbo street;glide over the bumps,
thus saving your machinery; and
don't forget your broke. Caution is
the first law of good sense, when it
has to do with fortp-horsepower. Approaching an intersection, remember
clutch aud brake.
Youths make daring drivers. Tbey
go rapidly und easily, with fearless
abandon untl nonchalance. But tbep
have an undue share of accidents,
because they don't think enough oi
clutch and brake. Oh, yes! there
are disasters through confusion, and
through timidity: but thep are not
the disasters of the young driver.
Nine-tenths of the wrecks come
from going too fast.
A good driver will keep control of
his machine at all times. He can
stop quickly but without a shock.
He cuu gil slow, us he nuust when
others might be endangered by his
fust driving, but can step on the gas
autl leap uln-ud when there is opportunity. The person who controls his
liower all the time is tbe one who
has the opportunities, which In the
heavy trallic of life ure fleeting untl
momentary. The man who has learn
ed is thc one who knows, and the
one who knows is the one who bas
opportunities. When one is ln no po
Hltion to fake advantage, It is not au
opportunity for him. Therefore the
disciplining of the mental powers is
the putting of bund and foot on the
various controls of life.
.Many lives are wrecked by even a
momentary loss of control. It Is
quite the custom to blame some
other driver. It is possible for an
automobile to be wrecked by the
carelessness of some other man than
the one driving it, and for a life to
be ruined by the fault of another,
but it Ib exceedingly rare. Wih- n
such a calamity occurs it is to one
who has lost control ot his machine,
If but for a. moment.
Keep your foot on the clutch!
at an elevation ot more than 4000 feet.   The country is  tfttoUgh Uiahands of the ordinarp wholesalers.
"What are thim?" asked one Irishman of another.
"Thim Is cranberries."
"Are they fit to eat?"
"Are they? Why, whin thim Gran-
fieri ie* !s stewed jjit*y . make better
apple sauce than -prunes does." THE SUN: GRAND FOBKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
®fe <8raiti 3farka §mt
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain)..* 81.00
One Year (in the United .Suites)     1.50
Addresr -" —-'cation* to
JThe Grand Bohki Sun
Phovf 101 •    Guano Forks. B C.;
healthy animals, proved that maladies were caused by
the rapid multiplication pof the tiny organisms,
The fossilized skeleton of a prehistoric reptile has
been unearthed at a depth of 50 feet at Fletton, Peterborough, England. The -skeleton is 6 feet long ln the
body, and has four paddlers or flippers, each measuring
three feet. The reptile is thought to be a pllosa rus
ferox or fierce crocodile. Judging from the -previous
discoveries, the age ot the skeleton is estimated at over
a million years.
FIT:l).\v; JANUARY 21, 1927
If there is one thing which Premier Bruce made quite
clear while be was in British Columbia last week it waa
tha-if Canada in to enjoy the advantages which she is
now enjoying uuder the provisions of*-the Canadian-Australian trade treaty, she must buy more goods than she
at i resent is buying from the southern commonwealth.
The people u.' British Oolumjblt, Incidentally, were re-
niintii-ii the other day by the Vancouver Province lhal
the--pet'iiif of Austral! buy from this Dominion goods to
tho value of .$3.60 per capita compared with Canada's
purt-JMUan from the contmonwealtb of only 14 cents per
capita , -that newspaper arguing quite reasonably that
the weakness of the treaty lies in this country doing all
the -selling and little of the buying. The Vancouver
journal, of course, is fully appreciative of the value of
the arrangement to British Columbia, au tho Victoria
Times jointed uut the other day, "is serving this province by doing anything anything it cini to create further interest lin the facilities which the provisions o
the pact contain." Canadian public opinion is obviously
aware that this Country got an excellent bargain when
the treaty Was finally agreed to nearly two years ago.
Wans, realize that tliey would be foolish to attack it.
This was e'mphaszed when Premier iiiuee explained
how diliicult it was for his government, to get it through
parliament, ft will be recalled, of coarse, that Dr. Tolmie, newly created leader of thae Conservative party
in British Columbia, attacked the treaty during the 11)25
and l'j-.S federal electiosn. Even his own friends openly
confess that his attitude the matter *,,as inimical to the
beBt interests of idnsutrial British Columbia, They, as
well as' Ilie public generally, are anxious to know how-
he l'eels towards it now—after what i rainier liruce has
said and in view of the warnings of such newspapers as
the Vancouver Province.
Rotes • potions • Rotables
The secretary who was with Lord Haldane in his war-
office days vouches the following astonishing facts: Ever}
morning hie minister would arrive af his office and go
iquickly through his correspondence. As he iinisheu
reading each letter, he would put it lace downward on
his des desk and peruse tlie next. Sometimes there
were over a hundred. Then he would send for his stenographer and dictate all the answers from memory without again referring to a single letter tiiat he had receiv
ed. That may sound improbable enough; but when 1
add that he would supply his steno-rpher with the
names, addresses and even initials of hia correspondents, without so much as glancing at their letters after
the flrst perusal, the feat seems miraculous. However,my
informant introduced me to another of i-ialdane's lieutenants, who staggered me with the addition that the war
minister could also quote from memory, without a -single slip.any portion of the hundred-odd letters he had
As a result of excavations during rebuilding of various of (lie city of London, the Guildhall museum has
become unite a storehouse of antiquities. There are to
be found flint flakes of the paleolithic period, daggers o)
the bronze age and iron javelins, spearheads, hammers
and tools of the late Celtic period. Useful and ornamental things such as hairpins, combs, mirrors, rings, shoes,
spoons, ladles and surgical instrument.', that we owe to
the Romans, tiro there. House furniture, locks ami
keys, wall decorations, and so on, are little perfect than
we make them today. Fiom. Elizabethan times We find
chessmen in terra cotta and bone, dom.iuoea iu lead.bone
skates and tobacco pipes. Tudor wall tiles, tavern
signs, boundarp marks, spurs, weapons and armor are
all arranged In chronological order. Spurs for cock-
flghtlng, models oj. state barges, handcuffs, manacle'
and  a  whipping  post are  other  curious  exhibits.
1 Gay birds aro the hardy athletes of the leathered
world, according to a theory advanced bp C. II. Hen-
shaw, a London naturalist. 'Male birds aro forced to
be dashlngl- beautiful ln ordor to nltraet the mon
bird tliat wears scarlet blue or orange leathers, anil
thnl sing loudly and likewise makes himself conspicuous, must be sturdy and alert if he is to survive lonj.
enougb to establish a home and raise a family. He i
as mucb * te get fpr bis enemies as the warrior who
used to dash into battle wearing a rod coat and riding
a   v- ii.       ■■■■. u.iv,   a.l   liiin   iihiMi. ,. :,   tho  survival   oi
the fittesi li Bhown by Mr. Hem-haw, who says: "Tin
berte** mate an animal can get, the more chance its des-
cendents will have of survival, and It ts obvious that a
male thai lias to face more danger and yet manages to
survive has In al) probability a greater capacity for
I ii I'i,i. a  one which lives through less danger,
Therel iro tl I al tbat chooses a mate with a dangei
ous habit or Btr ucture chooses whnt is, aside from the
dangerous part, a better and more fit mate." This
tends lo raise the vitality of the bird species, he Bays,
becausi Lh I aile bird's vitality is inherited, by both
■•' -i'-s  oi   his   family,  although  his hazardous  beauty  is
handed on only  to his male descendants.
. . i -
, —
The salmon industry, which onco flourished along the
Rhine, is to be revived. A new- international agreement has beeu entered into by all countries along the
The Duchess ot Rutland is to sell the tamo s Gobelin
tapestries which have hung for a century and a quarter ln Helvoir castle, to help provide funds for refurnishing Iladdon hall, the home of Dorothy Vernon.whlch
has not been occupied lor 200 years. The tapestries
wero boui;ht shortly after the French revolution by the
fifth Duke of Rutland. They are in eight pieces and depict the adventures ofDon Quixote. They were made
by coin maud of Louis XV.
Mile. Spindly, popular Purislan music-hall star, has
i"do everything wrong. If they make money thev lose
not a high opinion of masculinity. "Men," she declare:
"do everything wrong, if they make money thev lose
it. Tbey take the wrong wives, then divorce them and
take others, also the wrong ones. Send a man to shop
and he will buy absurd things. Ask him lor some favor
and he will blunderi. Take the trouble to listen to his
declarations and you will hear nothing but trivialities
and stupidities. At home man is a devastating plague.
Ho smokes, spits, coughs and sneezes. Noise enervates
him. In less thau an hour he will find ten puerile things
to complain about. But he will pour coffee on the tablecloth, bum the carpet witli his cigar and slam doors. If
an intelligent knows one man- she knows them all. Men
lie, but not well. To read their faces is easy for a woman. To be constantly with one man would be a sort
of heroism if we did not know that changing from one
to another means only changing from one evil to another.   So it is better to stick to one."
Halls of Parliament
The principal by-products of the packing industry
are: Leather, artificial teeth, beef extracts, buttons,
crochet needles, dice, glue, hair for brushes.wool, umbrella- handles, fertilizers, gelatin, hair for upholstery,
also  tenuis strings, soap and oleomargarine.
Oyster shells 'aro used for five purposes—"shelling,"
chicken shell, fertilizer, lime and road building, By
far the most important use is for shelling. By this is
meant the planting of them in oyster beds, in order that
the spat may fasten on thenx
The world is full of faint hearts, and yet everyone
has courage enough to hear the misfortunes and wisdom enough to manage the a airs of hiB neighbors.—
Poor Richard.
Prohibition was, flrst tried in America in 1733, when
the trustees of the colony Georgia attemuted to prohibit
rum .
Of   making   books there is no end—otherwise there
would be fewer racetracks.
Poems From Eastern Lands
Lost Joseph shall return to Kanaan's land—Despair not;
Affliction's cell of gloom with flowers shall bloom;
N Despair not.
Sad heart, thy state shall mend; repel despondency;
Thy head confused with pain shall sense regain;
 :.. Desuair not.
When life's fresh spring returns upon the dais mead,
O night-bird! o'er thy head the    rose shall, spread:
Despair not.
Hope on, though things unseen may baffle thy research;
Mysterious  sports   We beyond  the   veil;
Despair not
Has the revolving Sphere two days opposed thy wish,
Know that the circling Round is changeful found:
Despair not.
If on the Ka'bah bent, thou brave   the desert sand,
Though    from the acacias thorn {hy foot be torn,
Despair not.
lleart,should the flood of death life's fabric sweep away,
Noah  shall  steer tho ark o'er  billowB dark:
Despair not.
Though perilous the stage,though out of sight the goal,
Whither soe'r we wend, there is an end:
Despair not.
If Love evades our grasp, and rivals presB our suit,
God, Lord of every chango, surveys the range:
Despair not.
Hallz,  in   thy  poor  nook—
Alone, the dark night through—
Prayer and the Koran's page
Shall grief assuage—
Despair not.
The birthday gift of a microscope to Robert Koch by
his wife waa the first step in the transformation'of a
struggling country doclor into a brilliant scientist, one
of tho world's greatest imiicroseopic hunters. With his
new pliuything, as .Mrs. Koch had called it, he discovered the germ ot anthrax and began an exhaustive series
of experiments that proved the theory that had been
v Iced by Louis Pasteur, that there were such things
as terrible man-killing microbes. He also identified the
Vsi Ite . bacillus and the microbe of cholera.   Then
ho learned how to grow disease germs aud by infecting
e/tneient History"
[Taken From i wentv-Year Old Sun Files.]
In the civic electio nyesterday Jeffery Ham-mar waB
elected mayor, defeating J. D. McDonald by a majority
of 8U votes. The aldermen elected are: East ward—
N. D. Mcintosh, Sam Horner, John Donaldson. West
Ward—James Hardy, H. B. Woodland, P. T. McCallum.
(By Our Ottawa Correspondent.)
Ottawa, Januarp 18.—The Imperial
conference, which through the statesmanship ot Premier King has placed
Canada on the same plane as the old
country in the British commonwealth
of nations, reminds of previous conferences at which Canada's representatives gave good accounts of themselves.
We refer in particular to that great
statesman, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, who
every time he went to London as the
premier of Canada, not only glorified
the greatness of the Dominion bp the
magnificent addresses he London and
throughout Great Britain, but by his
ast tenesB enhancedh er position in
the counci s of empire. He it was
who raised the conference from that
of a meeting of the British colonial
secretary with colonial representatives to a meeting of the British
prime minister with the premiers of
the self-governing dominions on
term*) of equality on all things pertaining to the empire, and he it waB
who struck the flrst note for equal
status and equal responsibilitp tbat
ed to the recognition by the British
authorties of full partnership of Canada in that vast chain of nations.uow
so significantly known as the British
emlpire. Mackenzie! King by his
great work in the 1920 conference
has brought to a perfect consummation the efforts of Canada's G.O.M.
In his contribution to the debate
on the address from the throne, J.
S. Woodsworth, Labor leader.touched
upon one of the most fundamental
problem/* of Canada when he urged
that more consideration be given to
the worker and bis means of living.
He pointed out that the average cost
of living for a working-man's lalnilp
was $2200 per ann m in urban districts, wthile the average yearly income was but $959; and it was in
the brdging of this difference in income and expenditure that so much
misery was caused. This same phase
of the worker's problem was brought
out probab p more effectively some
three years ago by a man who if he
did nothing else for the amelioration
of the worker.i desqrves nothing but
praise for his Family Budget, which
be prepared to aid bim in bis plea for
increased wages for the corporation
laborers of the citp of Montrel, I refer to Aid. W. J. Hushion, for a period
member for the St. Antoine division
of Montreal. Mr. Hushion was not
only successful ln his e orts, so far
as tbe employees of the city of Montreal were concerned, but in the preface to his fami p budget he laid
down as clear an exqosition for the
laborer and his family responsibilities that haB ever been presented by
a public man—his contention being
"that contented workers mean greater production and larger prosperity
for the natoin."
Mr. Hushion's argument is f nda-
mentallp sound and concise. "Under
our present industrial system," he
says, "the wages of labor are adjusted in strict accordance with the law
of supply and demand, the e ement
of human responsibilitp not being
taken into account at all. From the
com-nminity point of view suchan adjustment is economically unsound,
inasmuch as the annual income of
the average laborer is not near sufficient to meet the minimum expen
dit re of himself and his family; a
discrepencp which must be met in
some other way, either bp his wife
going out to work or by charitp, and
neither way is conducive to good
healthp living conditiins in our Canadian homes. The undernourished
famip, instead of being an asset to
the community, becomes a charge."
The Hushion budget, covering 127
articles, shows that for a working
class family of five to live decently
it costs |1800 per pear„for it to- merely exist $1200. "But how many laborers in Canada earn $1200 a year?"
asks Mr. Hushion.
An individual electric power plitnt
consisting of a small generator,
spring driven, supplies sufficient current to operate a light bulb. Ten
seconds of cranking by hand produces three minutes of light
At the Liberal covnention in the Hotel Winnipeg last
Satuday aftiernoon, H. W. Gregory was unanimously
chosen as candidate for member of provincial legislature for Grand Forks ridign. The delegates present
were: George Clark, D. D. Munro, H. W. Gregory, H.
A. Sheads, John Donaldson, G. C. McGregor, W. J. Galipeau, B. Lequime, J. A. McDonald, A. B. Sloan, Louis
Fitzpatrick, P. T. McCallum, Frank Latham, George
Murphy, G. A. Etans, J. A. McCallum, Neil McCallum,
Grand Forks; William Delahay, Charles Tohrnber, R.
Horrell, Samuel Lundie, C. W. Whittaker, John McCrea,
J. B. Boyle, J. E. Thompson, Phoenix; R. 6. Ritchie,
Cascade; Donald Dunbar, Fife; Frauk Coryell, Carson;
Arthur  Langford,  Bannock  City.
Another strange thing is that every
fellow who conies along and predicts
the end of the world .can get a near-
hearing from some persons.
A stranger   was     being
through   the   rooms   of the
Chapter of G.O.O.F.'s.
"An dthis is the lodge room?" he
"Well, it is rather lodge, of course,
but the one next to it is much
Amplications for immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by the City, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Prices:—From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Tennis :--Cash an! approved payments.
List of Lots and price* may be seen at u»-
•City Oiliro.
j;>sin \. nn
City Clerk.
Proved safe by millions and prescribed by physicians for
Colds      Headache      Neuritis        Lumbago
Pain       Neuralgia      Toothache     Rheumatism
u-t-tj mumi at-ms>mimsw*smitM.i i ——■ i ii**mtr*mmt*****m*m^ms***--—m*m*i*mss-m-^-s*BS*Ar-t-
•aC^     ad***1> ^.^--'-fr'Accept only "Bayer" package
^-k ill J *\^^^     •vh*ch contains Pr0ven directlons*
*f        *r^s^*_f ^"^ JTandy  "Bayer"   boxes  of   12  tiililetn
\^_mt*r # Also bottles of 24 and 100—Druggists.
Aiplrln 1» the tr.de n-trk < restate red In Onn.dsl of Bsjw Mennfsctore of «-*n-J«^
tcflestct of Ssllcyllosol.1 (Acetyl tk&S-ylta Acid. "A. S> A."). WW le II.Is MtfW
ftn Aspirin mui-i Biner rn.Ml3scl-.re, lo assist tie imbllo uslast It-UUtfo-** tty TtWrt-
ot tstrm Ciitra, will Im •s'.i!*'»* viu> their gaoenS trad* -Auk, tto "Bsyer Cross.
; rEALTHTlJT. n srsll as pare, boceosc tliey ire 8den""Scally
» 1 "swell from the finest srss-strhih and pvo-H-rly matured and ***-,
. pre tit. bears marie by sbe A-itm^snwrtsd Breweries-. Do -set
.» jTstrr hoaN-i by drinWuf haatlly m»«o, "raw" brews, swirly alsssys
- mftil. Diiaam* r*ls fr-noos beers brewed by the Am-tlauaateA
3, <irertes *t S.C., /Ml jhmrtt to tht lent tteepl
This aclvtrtij-annrt is. not pubHsbeti or
ControJ Bonrd or bv the GutttmmrK of' I
ifiy-ed by the Liquor
Ood bless tne Inconspicuous citizen—the man who quietly fulfills all
obligations to bis family and to bis
sommunity as a matter of course,
andd who does not consider himself
entitled to preferment, political pull
or free puffs In thb newepapere.
SpAt Milk Costs Uncle Sam
$77,399,685.00 Annually
The amount of milk split, soured,
rejected and otherwise wasted annually, is 8,3,-19,986,000 pounds. This at
¥2.25 por hundred would approximate annually the stupendous
amount of $77,,".ji},os6.
However, a cheerful note rings
through this tale of economic loss to
a nation. The same report shows
a 1024 Increase of 108 pounds of
milk per cow over 1923 production.
Deducting this from the figure previously given, loaves a loss Uirough
waste of only (18,607,325, a mere
bagatelle, compared with our national debt of more than twenty billions of dollars.
The increased yield per cow ls due
to heightened efficiency on the farm;
find future yeurs promise even
greater Increases.
Dairymen have discovered the futility of feeding non-paying members
of their milk herds. They have
learned that losses lurk ln lnsanltary
mllk production. They have discovered the advantages that lie ln
swatting the bacteria that hide In
unclean stables, undipped, un-
brushed flanks and udders of milk
cows and unsteriilzed utensils. As
lime goes on, the unavoidable waste
of m»k will be more than offset by
intelligent feeding, complete sanitation and more efficient herd management. r i
I /( talus a IStrtt ef tm,-
i Wt cow, each eivSta
SOW II,,. ol milk yearly
to supply th* tnu*
wasted annually St the
V. 8.
: According to a schedule snowing
the division of dairy products, published by the United States Department of Agriculture, the annual cou I
of wasted milk ln our naUon tvould
make a happy pay day for tho army
and navy and still leave an appropriation sufficient to build enougS
combat planes to satisfy oven the
•nilitfl^lt Mitchell.
THJ"*: SUN prints all the loeal 'news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
**.*:: :     ,--.
L  ~   T
.1       -J"
,__                1
Tho growth In the
number of cow testing a-Fodatlous con-
vincoa mo that tuemtwr-
nhip in ono is a good
thine. I I'Jt-tlco my r<j-
cori-ition full Burr-it
nnd co-operation.
• -i'i
I     .'■_
Proper feeding I*
essential. Therefore
I shall always nro-
yitfe a carefully
balanced ration
to my herd, tt:.
-.veil as a plentiful
supply of pure,
clean water.
Thc dairy or
creamery that
buys iuy  milk
] ai u 3 t raluo
quality and
sanitation a p
much ad I do.
They must carry on from tho
ij point boj-ond
Which I have
no control.
Then when my
mille ij bottled I
dhall know I ana
repaid    for    my
efforts,    I  shall
■ cot- moro   mill-
cud more money
for my milk and
tbo eoRpsl of
claau aud better
I milk shall spread
■  throughout     tho
Pigeons Were Postmen hi G.a liagusa
ft   WM ffi '&
*.-**    to',V.*','.*.-..*AI*V:S---^Sri^
::--:J^^^*;:^\^'*^?s^^i';-:;',-i'-1i'j-'^<'*-ys' '    '-	
i .sAK»-<*>,     >4< '•<■'•''.<
,"'*\-",'h !>   '*<- '*' '/
CAttaro ahd it s
..... t%|||     Old Fort
fe*^ :L_i
Clock and Custom Hosts Raf uss,
Seven hundred years ago, the
pigeonB of the Free City of Ragusa,
in Dalmatia, were postmen. They
went across all the seas in boats,
travelled with all the caravans, and
knew all the routes of the air which
brought them back to Ragusa.
Uke the sailors of Ragusa, they
were known in all the ports of the
world; as a protection, they were
made citizens of the Free City.of
Ragusa. Any person molesting or
Insulting "a pigeon was therefore
guilty of offense against the state.
and wM brought before the tribunal.
Homes were built for these pigeons
in the city walls, and tho streets antl
roof tops were theirs. Every man
whn entered at the city gates was
obliged to offer as tribute from his
native town two pigeons. These lived
in wooden cages Jabeled with the
names of their homes, and gossiped
with the other pigeons until their turn
came to carry out a letter. : In this
way, Ragusa enlarged its Uostal
system. «
But the centuries rolled by. Rtffiusa
lost its freedom. Venice usurpld ils
powers on the seas. fiattlSshii *
steamed up and do*wn tho Adriatic.
With the other citizens, the' pigeons
lost their rights and were forced to
associate with the sea gulls from
Lacroma, an island to the north,
sometimes suffering the indignity o!
begging grain from the bircis with
whom in the days of their exclusive
splendour, they would not associate.
Today, the port of Gravosa, Kag-
usa's harbor, is crowded with slri*--
bes'-in*-; the new flag of Jugo-Slavia.
P-iBrjongers from the Empress of
France, the Canadian Pacific steamship which next year will add Cattaro
end Gravosa ports on its annual
Mediterranean cruise, will have a
chance to scatter crumbs to the
thousands of evoing pigeons still
crowding Ragusa's streets and adding
to its V eauty. The white city, "Bride
of the Sea," some poet has called her,
would he lesB beautiful if the irri-
d< ■ ■ . ;: ■,!-"':; of the pigeons did not
, ,•■ c ■ aU :. lotchtSS of color on the
spotless smooth nii.;;stones and the
gray whito ! uridines.
Tlie Spice of Life
When Charles Darwin, the famous
scientist, was visiting the. country
house of a friend, the two boys of the
family thought they would play a
joke on him. So they caught a butterfly, a grasshopper, a beetle and a
centipede, and out of these creatures
they made a strange composite insect They took the centipede's
body, the butterfly's wings, the
grasshopper's legs and the beetle's
head, and they glued them together
carefully. Then, with their new
bug in a box, they knocked at Dar
win's door.
"We caught this bug in a field,"
they said. "Can you tell us what
kind of a bug it ls, Mr. Darwin?"
Darwin looked at the bug and
hen he looked at the boys. He
smiled slightly.
"Did you notice whether lt hummed when you caught it, boys?" he
"Yes," they answered, nudging one
"Then," said Darwin, "it's a humbug."
Round the entrance to tt circus a
crowd o£ boys had gathered. A man
standing near them gazed at them
intently, and then walked up to the
ticket collector, saying: "Let sail
these boys in, and count them as
they pass," said he, preceding them,
and speaking with an air of authority. The ticket collector pass
them through, one by one.and then
turned to the man and said, "Seventy-four, sir." "Thank you," said the
man, and marched on into the circus
"I thought I'd guessed somewhere
near right," he said to himself.
A small boy in the visitors' gallery
was watching the proceedings of the
senate chamber.
"Father, who is that gentleman?"
he asked, pointing to the chaplain.
"That! my son, is the chaplain,"
replied his father.
"Does he pray for the senators?"
asked tbe boy.
"No, my son; when he goes In he
looks around and sees the senators
sitting there, and then he prays for
the country."
, Mr. Plane (who is fond ot dogs)
"Miss Waite, don't   you   think   you
ought to have an intelligent    animal
about the house that would    protect
you and—"
Miss Waite—"Oh, Mr. Plane! This
is so sudden!"
A negro was charged with stealing
"Have you any witnesses you wish
to call," asked the judge in a grave
Sambo threw out hts chest proudly.
"Dis niggah," he said, nebbah
steals chickens in front ob witnesses
A small girl asked her mother, "If
I grow up will I have a husband like
"Yes, my dear," mother replied.
"And if I don't get married will I
be an old maid like Aunt Susan?"
"Yes," was the reply.
The little girl thought for a min
ute, put her hands to her head, and
said, "Well, I'm in a fix."
A Glasgow man told his wife that
he thought he was getting ahead at
last. "Well, heaven knows, you need
one," she replied.
Generosity is not measured by how
much you give, but by how much
you have left after giving.
Johnny:    "Teacher, can anyone be
punished for something they   didn't
Teacher:   "Of course not."
Johnny:   "Well,  I    haven't    done
my arithmetic."
"Why did you give the boy in the
cloakroom such a big tip when ho
gave you your coat?"
"Just look at the coat he gave me."
"Why did you take your little sister's chocolate, Dick? "Why didn't
you ask her if you could have lt?"
"I did, mummy, and she said I
"Oh, George," said the doctor's
wife, "and so you've actually saved
Mr. Million!"
"Yes," said the doctor. "I'm happy
td say old Million is now out of danger."
"Oh, George, "-what a marvellous
doctoryou are! If I had only known
you seven years ago, I'm sure that
under your skillful treatment my
poor first husband would have pulled
A man at a prohibition meeting
had worked himself up to a fine
pitch, and concluded by asking dra
matlcally: "What Is there, can anyone tell me, that causes more misery
than drink?" A single voice cut
across the silence, and sald,"Thlrst."
A lot of people think they are   being   honored when they are only be- I]
ing humored. |£L
People take The Sun
because they believe
it is worth the price we
charge for it. It is
therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents,including
advertisn ents. This
is not --always the case
wifh newspapers that
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
*§'-*, "i ts .<" '■'';• ■' ■';■■; *?-'
ii ijyfi^oi
Advertising "to help
the editor." But we do
want businessadver- is-
ing by progressive busi-
ress men wiio know
that sensible advertising brings resells am}
pay. If youhavesome-
thing to offer the public that will ^benefit
them nnd you rs veil,
the newspaper reatht i
more people thai a bill
•SJ-U,:'*•*  B^*^ir'\-**j:*-*¥-\
and if you have the
goods you cm do business w?th them
'    ] f  -..     -,     ' ".i  !    \     K-:-'*J   «•   «W
'   i.'-*Xs.W  -'':--p L.I-^___:*_5?J •f.-'Af^i lir&SJS-J |
rfs rs
 J £*.*-* 01.-1 *-**-*
.It-   ~*S       T71
It is by far tlie most delicious. AsK for it.
It you are not an Esqulmo, we take
it for granted that it is cold enough
for you.
It is said to be an ill wind that
blows happiness to no one. The ice
men can now see larger profits for
next summer.
Judge and -Mrs. J. R. Brown today
received word of the serious illness
of their son Cliffiord in Seattle. The
judge will leave for that city tomorrow morning by the (Ireat Northern.
■Itev. and Mrs. Beattie are confined
to their home by an attack of influenza, and there vill bu no services
in the United church on Sunday.
.Mr. Larsen was presented with a
cuso ol iiiiies by the members of Pen
ticton Chapter No.ja K.A.M., in ap
preciation of the valueable services
ho lias rendered that chapter since
its Inception some four years ago
The stuff of the government oflice
also presented Mr. Larsen with a
smoker's set as a token of their appreciation.
It does not ook as if the lord may
or's dinner party eould have been
complete without the attendance ot
his  Greenwood  co-laborer.
C. F. R. Pincott visited Rossland
on professional business the latter
part of this week.
'Miss   Lillian    Dunn is confined to
her home by influenza.
The Greenwood hockey team won
the game froj- Grand Forks iu
Greenwood on Tuesday evening! and
also the game in this city this evening,
Mr. Hine, of the high school stag,
is su ering from influeuta at his
More than tlle average percentage
of tlio pupils of the public school are
absent from. Uie school owing to the
prevalence nf influenza tn the city.
breathes through its lungs. If the
olm lives in warm waters It brings
forth tts young -iallve, while transplanted to colder waters the same
olm will lay eggs and hatch Its young
from them.
Clover and alfalfa have about the
same effect ln building up the soil.
Both are good. Clover is most generally used for that purpose, because
seed is cheaper and ln many places
it is easier to get a stand of clover.
Phone 10
Emile Cagnon returned yesterda>
from Trail, where he has secured employment. He Will move his family to
that town next week.
George Hewson, aged 66 years,
dropped dead in Victoria on Sunday
last. He had resided in that city
since last March. He wa s an old
time emplopee of tho Granby, having
been in the employ of the company
for 29 years at i'hoenix and Anpox.
Mrs. B. Lequime, formerly of this
city, had the misfortune to slip and
fall on ihe U'[> sidewalk in Greenwood last week and fracturing her
right ai*ni ab  ■    • he wrist.
Changes lia ve heen announced in
parcel pu*t rate:; on larger parcels by
the post office depantment. Parcels
weighing fro n 10 to 15 pounds will
now i-equin - ige of from 125 cents
to {1.50. ,-■ charges are from 6
to 25 cent    lower than formerly.
S. T. Larsen, assessor for the Kettle 'River aBSess in distrlot since
11122, left Pentidton last week for Victoriu, wlhen hu hi revolved the appointment i , or of provincial
collector*,   i ri'or  ie    his    departure
How does the bee, after spending
a long day gathering honey or pollen
far from bome, unerringly find her
way back to the hive?
The senses of smell and sight, both
Blngly and together, help to guide
iioa. What is far more interesting,
however, is the fact that she cau
recognize the position of the hive
relative to Us surroundings, and pos-
■essees, in addition, a mysterious apparatus for balancing and direction
It is surmised that this unknown
guide of Uie bee corresponds to the
■eniicireular canals in the inner ear
of mammals, and is almost certainly
located in the antenae, or feelers
For a number of years now astonishing experiments on bees have been
;oing onin Germany. They have already revealed the existence of a
special organ of communication,
vhich, when pushed out, enables the
hive sisters to spread an informative
•cent by means of which they cau
"talk" to one another.
Attempts were made to mislead
the wonderful little creatures by
moving the hive from its accustomed position. When the first hime-
eomers, after some search, found the
new resting-place, tliey would gather
in a .crowd on the alighting board
and push out their scent organs until
the "smell signal" reached their fol-
If bees were taken away from
home in closed boxes and then released, it did not take them long to
find Uieir bearings; but if the boxes
were first rotated the inmates became giddy, and on being let out had
considerable difficulty in finding tho
way back to the hive, often settling
down after some futile attempts in
the boxes from which they had escaped.
Handicap races were organized
between bees whieh had not been
made giddy and those which had
ueen vigorously twirled about. The
giddy ones were given a start home,
out in spite of tho handicap, they
were always beaten hy tlieir   sisters.
Bees whose feelers had been cut
off never showed symptoms of gidili-
1'recisely how tlio directional sense
of the bees works and just where   it
is locuted iu the feelers still remains
to be discovered,
An Irishman was newly employed
at a lumber office. The proprietors
in the coinpany were young men and
decided to have some lun with the
new Irish hand. Pat was duly left
in charge of the office with Instructions to take all orders which might
come ln during their absence. Going to a nearby drug' store they proceeded to call up the lumber com?
pany's oflice, and the following conversation ensued:
"Hello! Is thas the East Side
Lum/ber company?"
"Yes, sir. And what would yau be
"Take my order, will you?
"Sure.   That's what I'm here for."
"Please send me up a thousand
knot holes."
"What's that?"
"One thousand knot holes,"
"Well, now, an' ain't that a bloom-
in' shame? I'm sorry, but we are
just out of them,."
"How's that?"
"Just sold them to a brewery."
"To the brewery? What do they
want with them?"
"An' they use them for bungholes
in barrels."
Use oats as a nurse crop for sweet
clover rather than barley. In either
case the nurse crop should be seeded
at about one-half the normal rate of
"I hope that's a nice book for you
to read, darling," said a conscientious miother to her engrossed schoolgirl daughter.
"Oh, yes, mummy," said Miss Thirteen. "It's a lovely book, but I
don't think you would like It It's so
sad at the end." _
"How is it sad, darling?"
"Well, she dies, and he has to go
back to his wife."
The olm or proteus is u curious,
-nakellke flsh which is totally blind
and its eyes would be of little value
to it in the subterranean waters
which it inhabits. The olm is both
a lung and a gill breather, lying at
the bottom of a stream at times and
extracting oxygen through its gills
and   again   rises to the surface and
Giving Wings
to Friendship
The long1 dis'ance telephone gives wing's
to friendship. it enables the human
voiCv to fc>e carried along wires at a
speejcl of thousands of miles* per -second
wil >ut losing any of its cordiality.' The
special night rates after N:30 p in. are
advantageous for social chats.
Artificial light will stimulate the
egg production of normal hens, lt
makes but little difference to khich
end of the natural day It is added!
?lqrs   in   Home   between   25
in:  to be  taxed to  provide
f, i   flic   M-stion.nl   Maternity
:.;] Chill V.'elfare scheme.
'fry our Special Tea
at  83c per lb
Shoe*", Shirts, ^-oralis
•'(food -• tfhics for .your
Call ami sec tis'before
General Merchant
At the
Phone-25 -"Service and Quality'
•I&rtfblishcd 191(1
'-'eai Est ate and -Insm-'anco
Rwi'il'nt *irciit ilriinil IMrlts Ti,"r unite
:.        CotubBuy. Limited
i-r-rtris     ;0*'linn!*    "<jH*j"!"rt>t»ci-fj
^iil, at Neiaoii,  Cul'-iir.v, '.Vlbiils eg uuil
il.ni Proirir points.   Vancouver Aireni-  :
»-atp'U'l,e>l In 11110. \vonrs»''t: 'V. oo..l|!t,ii    ll
■iriti'h rellsiblb Inform a'titi-.i'r•shuer-iin* tltl
IV r',t\* inr (tor, -Ir^-sttrre,
T»   Ui'i
Lssiliiii.cn M'isiuii-cnln! Works
Aaliesdrw Pro-'.n*-. - C„. Itonfinii
mm        WA nm, *. c
n i*.*ip!e* art? how on sale
i:. Paris, 1'Yance, in the central market and in the shops. Shop window
display-a o*f the fruit -.ra reported to
have art used quite a wave of admiration.
A I'l-rta's visible coal supply is
about 57 billion tons, Premier
Brownlee tloclarea. With the possible exception of China, Alberta
has thc greatest coal deposits in the
world. The annual production from
thc province averages around 6,000,-
(100 to 6,500,000 tons.
- Valued at nearly $8,000, twelve
silver black foxes in six crates arrived at Canadian Pacific Express
Company's yards in Montreal recently for shipment by S.S. Berwyn
from Saint John January 1st. They
are from the Agnew Silver Foi
Farm, Barry, Ont., and represent
the first shipment to leave Canada
in 1027.
Aeeordintr to the financial statement of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company for the eleven months
ended November 30, the net profits
of the Company were $43,328,944.06,
an in-rea."* over the net profits ft*
the corresponding period of 1926 of
88,000,000.23. For the month of
November the net profits of the
Company were $6,749,722.72, an increase of $501,087.90 over November
of 1925.
An air mail service for Canada ia
likely. The Hon. P. J. Veniot, Postmaster-General, remarked in an interview that thc Postal Department
at Ottn-vn are following with keen
interest the successful activities of
thc United States air service and
that something similar may Vs
started in this country shortly.
Definite announcement one way or
the other would be made early lithe New Year, said Mr. Veniot.
Wholesale ana Retail
onler in
fiavao;i Cigars, Pipes
Imperial Billiard l*at-lor
See the new Superior Chevrolet betore you buy a
car. There are more cents in theCHOVROLET
DOLLAR than iu any other automobile  dcllar.
CHEVROLET Touring ,   8885
" Rnatis-ter     885
" Co-tr-h „,..,■   1080
" Coup-"'     1080
Sedn-i     .   .   1200
" L-tn-ie-'i'S-rl'ih     1250
" One-Ion Tr"""*     935
P b HANSEN,***.
l-Z'rty -tJ-wjctigf -ftr-Vf ^f-bTiWi-fl
•Wo-ffr wn-SsPee-ii
•CiT-i" **t*M a-rto! -Plas'ti-T
Pow-fI•«•>' ^-tinpflies
a iv
Im- s
R. ■-?-.
: S
Iterbef Shop
i^»i:br K in* ng a Specialty"
(iraml -&Mfem-ft*-C.
'* i#*1
furniture  Mado  to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinds,
Upholstering Neatly Done
I S   " I.F.D TKNDERS will bo reoelved by the
District   Kore~ter, Nolson, tint later than
mnn on thp "nil tiny nf   February, 11127. for
tlio    iinrrhsJie nf   l.lfenee X1181, n««r Ohrli-
I tlnn I.nkf, to cut 29,225 lineal feet of Cedar
Onr (1) year will he allowed for removal
of timber. -,..,.*
Fnrt*ier jiiirtlenlnrsnf the Chief Forester,
Victoria, or the District Porester.Ne'son, B.C,
s-^i 8th day of February next the an-
dorslffned Intends to apply to tl e Liquor
Control   HoarsJ for a licence In  respect of
British   Columbia  Telephone
Co*-** pany
premises belnat'pai't of the buildine* known
as Hie "B. ti."H-jtol, situate at Cascade, it.C.,
upon ilioliiiitlsilencrlbed as I'U No. One (1)
Block Twenty (^1). Man No. ElBht'8). Cascade
B. P., Kamlfiips Land Lnnd Registry UItI-
iioii !n the Provinoe of British Columbia,
for the sule of boor by the Elans or by the
open I'o'tlc for c'Tisiimptftinnn the premises.
Ilatetl ll.l- l'f day „l .Tnnii-rv, 11W7.
tor**■■■       *' ■ ' " "'" '
A complete line of. colored bonds
id all Bbtide* for fancy letterheads)
aud other classes of comnaercial
prioUog.   Sao Job Department.
Did you ever notice that business
firms who think tbat they can reach
Tbe Son's readers through other
publications have a great deal of
leisure time tha» might be more
profitably empliiyedl A number of
such firms :ha've involuntarily retired
from business.
-l^fili: valttc of well-
* pH.¥tcd,neatap-
j-frea^iig stationery as
a xnoansof gfottiiig and
Wldiftg d*mr»b!c bua-
irt-fHB lins boon art»ply
de»iwo>^ti-atod. -Ooti-
ttilt *•-: beforo iofnft
Wedding invitations
Bail programs
Business cards
Vi'-'ng cards
Sh'i   ing tags
Pamphldts -
Price lists
•N-0-*  fy^e
Lattot Style
A. Z. PARE, F opk>
Y'ALK Hotii.1,,   Flush-    iiki;i
CUsvio (il-tnk card* for lagsy in.
vitationsand announcements Sun
Job DepirtiBeot.
i-mt-Ja Arenne and
Tiake 9tr««et
Vacant ilnreservotl, surveyed Crowd lauds
mnybeiiM-empted by Hrltl li subject, o'er
18 years of axe, aud hy ullaii* ondiwUrlug
Intention to beobule lltiil.h subjeots, eoinli-
tloual upon resi leu-e siecupsllon and Int.
provelilent fur aicriotiltaral purposes.
Full iuforiniill-ii couterilini; ro'iilntioiis
regardlug pre einiiUons Is given In Bulletin,
No. 1, Lun 1 Series. "How to Fre-einut Laml,"
topics of whioh can be obtained freo of clinrge
hy addressing the Uepnrtiueui of Lauds,
Victoria, B.C., orsiiy liovoiiiincut Asont.
Keoords will he mude cov -ring only land
suitable for agrlciiitural purposes, and which
ia not tiinberluud. I e„ cnrrylug over 5,0*0
'soard feet per aore west of tne (limit irunge
alid80O0 feet por aore east uf that range.
^Applications for p.-e-einptltins are to be
addressed to the Laml tjnininlssloner ot the
Lund Recording Division, lu Wbich the laud
itpplied for is situated.ami ure made on
prlutod forms ouplcs of e.iu bo obtained
'from the Laud Commissioner.
Pre-emptions must be oooupled for live
ycursand improvenieiit, made to value of 110
por aore, liiolullug olo.u ing and otiltivatlug
at least Hve aores, belure a Crown Urant ean
be received.
For more detailed iiirnrinaiiou sue the Bill',
latin "How to Pre-empt Laud."
Applications are received for purchase of
vacant aud unreserved Crown Lands, not being tlnibarlaud, for agricultural purposes:
minimum prloe of llnt-olass (arable) laud Is
»"> per aore. and seonud-olees (grusltig) laud
f'-5U per aore. Kunher Information regard-
Iuk purchase or lease uf Crown binds Is given
lu bulletin No. 10, Lnnd Series. "Pmchime ami
Lease ol Crown Lauds.'
Mill, factory, or Industrial sites on timber
land, not exceeding 40 acres, may be purchased or leased, on oondltions luelndlng
payment ot siumpage.
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding 20 acrea,
may be lessed as hoiriegltes', conditional upon
a dwelling being e eotetl In the first year,
title being obtainable after residenoe and
improvement conditions sre fulfilled and Und
has been surveyed. .   .
Fnr grailng and industrial purposes areas
not exceeding M0 acres may be leased by ona
person or a.oompany.
1'nder the Gmilng Act the Province te
divided Into grailng districts and Ihe range
administered onder a Oraxlng Commissioner. Atiniiul s-railng pelt-alts', are
issued bated ou numbers ranged, priority being given to established owners. _ Stoek
owners may form associations for range
management. Free, or partially free, permits
tre arallablee lor settler-1, tamperi and
travellers ap to ten head.


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