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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Jan 28, 1927

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Array Consider the fish.   He seldom gets hooked so long as he keeps his mouth shut
ON REPLY TO
Victoria,   January    24.—The   long
drawn-out  debate on the reply to the
address   on tbe reply to the speech
from   the   throne,   came   to a close
Monday   afternoon   with a short speech   by Dugald McPherson,  M.P.P., Grand Forks-Greenwood,  who  was  accorded one ol" the most attentive hearings ot any of the
speakers in the two weeks' discussion which haa preceded.
Mr. McPherson made a plea, which wus applauded from
both galleries of the chamber, for consideration for the
farmer.
It was an economi* question, he said, and must be so
considered. The country must determine what It was
worth to bave the agriculturists on the land; and what
it was worth to the ueoule to keep them there. It was
poor economy, he continued, to try to squeeze more out of
the farmers than they could get out of their land.
It was poor business also—and an economic folly—to
permit conditions which forced one farmer off his land
and have another one take it over, only in turn to fall. It
would be*, the part of wisdom td arrange things that the
original farmer could remain and develop his place.
Mr. McPbeirson denied that under the government patronage had become an evil, and contrasted conditions
today with those under the Conservative government.
He created considerable interest in the house wben he
pictured the manner in which the Doukhobors were now
sending their children to school, and said that only lack
of accomtmodation pirevented a larger enrollment. Nine
schools had been constructed by the Doukhobors since
the government took firm action in the spring of 1925.
Mr. McPherson gtronglp defended the government in
the legislature, although he offered some constructive
suggestions and criticisms. He paid a tribute to It. H.
Pooley, house leader of the opposition and said he regretted that Mr. Pooley was not to remain in his present
position. fl
The new leader, Hon. S. Tolmie, was criticizing the
government, although he did not see fit to announce his
own policies, said Mr. 'McPherson.    .
"The people of this province are entitled to know that
policy," he added, "else how can they which way to vote."
Mr. McPherson said the electorate was foolish to cry
economy when public serviice had to be maintained. He
remarked that during the ten years of (Liberal rule the
gross pugllc debt had increased $r,5,0OD,000. This was
due to three reasons. The first was the deficit left by
the Conservative administration; the second the construc-
tino of many niew institutions, and the third the provision of sinking funds.
He commented upon the proposal that the road program for the next few years would cost $18,000,000, according to engineers' estimates. If tbis figure were set by
tbem, he askled, how much greater the demands. Of the
public must be. Probably it would cost $100,000,000 to
build all the roads asked for.
To urge economy ln the face of public requirements was
nonsense, said Mr. McPherson.
He agreed that liquor should be divorced from politics.
He said the "spotter" was a very much disliked individual, but he felt that the attorney general must have stool
pigeons to enforce tbe laws. However, these employees
should be controlled and it should not be necessary for
them to go down into the gutter to get their evidence.
vm
tz_Ana KETTLE VALLEY ORCHARDIST
TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR—No  13
"Tell me what you Know Is tnt»|
I can jhiess as well as yoa."
FRIDAY, JANUARY 28. 1927
ON DIVISION
Benefits Farmers
Victoria, January 27.—The fruit growers, who appeared
before the select stndlng committee at the parliment buildings, arrived In the city ready for action. They are earnest
men impressed with the lmlportnce of their mission and
they claim that thefrult growers have enough problems ul
a cultural nature to so ve without having to worry about
marketing results.
These men state that those not engaged in the business
have little idea of the highly scientific nature of the fruit
growing indusry. The"growers are subject to the vagaries
of the weather, which may Ibe Ideal for tourists and thoBe
seeking health, but injurious ton ripening fruit. Then
there in the question of insect pest control, which entails
a great deal of not only know edge b t patience to apply
that knowledge in a practical way.
Codling moth has been one of the greatest enemies of
the grower, but the human element enters Into the obstacles met with in dealing with that subject and those nasty
words, "conicpulsory legislation," have had to be resorted
to to protect the investments of the growers on account
of the unwillingness of some to adequate y spray their
orchards.
In this connection the fruit men pay a glowing tribute
to the value to the district of the Oliver Chemical Works
at Penticton, the manager of which is the son of Hon.
John Oliver, premier of British Columbia. Through advanced methods of production the plant has been able to
effect a very considerable saving to the growers In tie
matter of reduced prices on spraying materials.
While the price "was formerly $16 per barrel, it is now
reduced through the action of the Oliver Chemical company to $11.50, and the barrels are repurchased by the
com|pa-iy, making the cost approximate^ $10.50 net for
the spray.
Previous to. 1923 the Okanagan growers paid $30 per
barrel for roller leaf moth spray. Por one season the OH
ver Chemical company manufactured this sprap on the
formula of the Hood River Spray company, one of the .largest spray companies on thecontinent, and the Penticton
plant was able to reduce the cost to the grower to $22.60
per barrel.
Two years ago a new formula was worked out by the
Oliver company for this spray, and they are now supplying the growers with a superior oil spray at approximately $16.60 per barrel. It is a tribute to the Oliver company that the Hood Klver company is now manufacturing the Oliver formula.
About a month ago Charles E. Iliver, the manager of
the plant, returned to Penticton from Hood River, where
he had been superintending the erection of a new plant
for the spray companp there, which has also adopted Mr.
Oliver's formula for lime sulphur spray.
In connection with the serious outbreak of grasshoppers in the Okanagan and the range country in different
districts of ithe province, the. Oliver Chemicle company
has been able to supplp sodium arsenlte at favorable
prices. Formerly this material was Imported from the
Mr. McPherson advocated conservation of forest wealth UMti tts there was no plant manufacturing it in British
Canada
and he suggested the employment of "lookouts" before
the fire season started.
The speaker dwelt briefly upon the Doukhabor question. There is a large settlement of these in his riding.
Many schools hod been burned down, lie explained, but
many had been rebuilt at the Doukhobors' own expense
and 633 Doukhobor. children were attending school in
his constituency.
Touching on the fruit growers problems, Mr. McPherson said tbe issue was serious. He suggested Premier
Mussolini, Jack Dempsey and Aimee Semple McPherson
as a ' board which might be able to cope with the situation.
Many Gonseivati-zes Vote
With Government
Victoria, January 26.—The. second division in the legislature in two days found tbe majority of Conservative
members voting yesterday witb the government for adjournment of the debate on campaign funds, and against
the wishes ot the Labor members and a few Conservative
supporters..
Premier Oliver moved to adjourn the discussion of a
resolution moved by Frank Brown.Labor, Burnaby, calling for investigation into campaign lund contributions,
and when the vote was taken R. II. l'ooley„Conservatlve
house leader, ahd nineteen of his supporters voted with
tbe vovernment. It is likely tbe resolution will come up
again this week.
Hon. W. H. Sutiherlanil, minister of railways, tabled
' a report of the directors of the Pacific Oreat Eeastern
railway,, advising against any extensionof the.railway
this year and favoring its; sale as soon as possible. The
directors recommended the expenditure of three million
dollars on improvement and replacements during the
next three or four years.
Victoria, January 27.—The whole question of collection
and distribution of campaign funds and prevention of
abuses hereafter in connection wdUusuch monies, will be
thoroughly investigated by a committee of the house, according to a proposal submitted by the government to
the legislature Wednesday afternoon. The definite announcement that legislation would be .brought down this
session to deal with the collection of campaign funds,
both provincial and federal, was also made.
Columbia.   This chemical is mixed with bran,  sawdust
and molasses as ai bait to poison the grasshoppers.
"Mr. Oliver has been experimenting recently to provide
for the utilization of fruit rejected by the Penticton packing house. Tihese tests have been made with piums, cher
ries, apricots and peaches. Sinmilarly he has handled 350
tons of apples rejected by the packing house, making both
sweet and boiled cider. He has recently installed large
tanks for cider vinegar and hard cider.
The pervading personality whose influence has been
so noticeably felt in the organization of the plant and in
the research work necessarp for the improved methods
of manufacture is Charles E. Oliver ,who has acquired a
very enviable reputation as a chemist.
He is still a young man, having been born in 1892 on
his father's farm in the Dielta. In 1916 he completed a
five-year course at Toronto University, being an honor
graduate ln chemical science, after which he was engaged
in munition factories at Berthamboy, New Jersey, where
explosives were manufactured for the allies.
At the request of officials of the Dominion government
he took charge of work of molybdenum separation at
Hulls QUe., and was also engaged at the Moss mine at
Ruyon, Que., and later joined the Royal Flying Corps.
After close of hostilities he was engaged with the Canadian Consolidated Mining & Smelting company as a
research chemist, but n 1921 he undertook experimental
work at Vernon for the manufacture of lime sulphur apray
by a new process.
As a result of theBe researches he organized in 1923
the Oliver Chemical Company Limited, which purchased
a site and erected a plant at Penticton. It was in this
connection that the Interested his lather, Hon.John Oliver,
to invest sufficient capital as a shareholder to permit of
the undertaking being a reasonable success. It was a
venture with some risk attached thereto, but Hon. Mr.
Oliver bad such confidence in his son's ability, ahd the
need of a plant to imanufacture sprays at home in the
Okanagan was so evident, that he risked the Investment
in which tbe company has made an expenditure of approx-
imatelp $32,000.
1 Not only bas tbe plant been a success from the stand
point of tbe promoters, but more so from that of the growers, who have been able to get spray materials at lower
prices tban prevailed previously for imported sprays.
1 Victoria, January 26.—tFinal decision of tbe joint meeting with the agricultural committee ended in a decision being reached to have a committee of eight appointedto confer with tbe house committee in drafting a bill covering
control ot marketing of fruit, tbe bill to be submitted to
tbe legislature tbis session. Two members from each
group of growers will ibe chosen.
Kelowna, January 24.—Almost $15,000 haB been paid
out here in tobacco money'this season by O. R. Brener of
Vancouver, who has just shipped the last of tbe crop
grown bere, a total of about thirty tons. Louis Holman
has gone to Vancouver, where he will help in sorting the
tobacco, mucb of which will be put on exhibition at various points throughout the empire, as the quality in the
opinion of Mr. Brener is very high, and should attract
much attention from manufacturers, particularly when it
is known that they can be assured of a permanent supply and tbat it ia safe, for tbem to build up a demand
far it
(Prepared by the National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C, for American readers.)
The epoch-making decision of the so-called imperial conference in London recently, that the principal dominions
of the British empire shall become practically Independent, completely self-governing states, centers particular
Interest on each of the tbreeremoter big units, Canada,
Australia and South Africa, Among these three dominions Canada uaturally looms largest and most important
to Americans since for thousands of miles only a surveyed
line separates its territory from our own. But Canada is
actually the largest and most important of the three. It
population is close to. 9,500,000, and its area is more than
3,600,000 spuare miles, placing it ahead of Australia and
South Africa.
The Canadian government, as it is now constituted,
iowes its existence to the British North America Act of
1867. The act states that the Canadian constitution shall
be similar in principle to that of Great Britain. Naturally nothing is said in the document in regard to the constitution of the United States, but it is known that the members of the constitutional convention had our constitution
clearly in niiincl and used it and its history as a guide.
The central igovernment is made up of nine united provinces, andi as with us authority is divided between the
main government and Its units. The legislative branch
consists of a senate width a fixed number of members from
each province, and a house of commons whose members
are elected in proportion to population.
Here tbe superficial resemblances to the government
of the United States cease. There is no elected official
comparable to our president. Instead the executive is a
governor general appointed bp the king. Heretofore this
appointee haB practically represented the British government in Cantda, but as a result of the recent pronouncement of the imperial .conference he will hereafter be shorn
of his statuB.
The Canadian senate is a sort of dominion house of lords
without the titles. Its members are appointed, not elected, and they hold office for life. The provinces do not
have an equal representation as do the staes. There are
24 senators each from, Ontario and Quebec,10 each from
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, 4 from Prince Edward I
Island.aml 6 each from Manitoba, British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan.
Although the Canadians followed in a way the form of
our Union, they directly reversed one important principle.
In the United States the states retain all powers not specifically delegated to the central government; in Canada
the central government has all powers not specifically
given to the provinces.
Most of Canada's population is concentrated in a
izone about 250 miles wide along the United States Can*
adian boundary. And within this zone the concentration
Is heaviest quite close to the border. Inhabited Canada,
then, ls in effect a ribbon of territory 3000 miles long,
stretching from iocean to ocean.
Approaching from/ the east, one first reaches the maritime provinces. Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and
New Brunswick. (Newfoundland, adjoining these three,
it should be mentioned, is not a part of Canada, but a
separate colony). The maritime provinces, all small, are
the only ones which are fairly evenly settled throughout,
Quebec has a'population of nearly two and a halt millions, but most of this is in tbe region close to the St.
Lawrence river, and south of the Canadian National railway. From this inhabited zone the province stretches off
northward, beside Hudson bay and on the Hudson strait,
farther north than the southern tip of Greenland.
Even Ontario, southernmost of the larger provinces and
most populous of them all, is undeveloped and very meag-
erly settled ln Its northern half. It reaches Hudson bay
in tbe north. The third province to touch Huason bay is
Manitoba. This province, like the otlier two named, ls
marked by a populous southern zone around Winnipeg,
and the almost deserted lands to tbe north nearer the bay.
Just north of the developed region in all three of these
provinces are dense forests, in which clearings are beginning tomuku their way as they did in the Middle West of
the United States In pioneer days. Much farther north,
wherever the ground is low, ls the "muskeg" country, a
region of grassy marshes in summer, and frozen wastes
in winter.
Hudson bay, surrounded by Canadian territory, ls one
of the most characteristic features on the map of North
America, standing out as strikingly as the Gulf of Mexico,
On tbe west coast are Port Churcbill, the bay's bost
port, and about a hundred miles to the north, Port Nelson,
both ln Manitoba. These ports are to be connected by
railroads With Winnipeg and tlio wheat and cattle country to the west.
The three proirie provinces of Canada—Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta—may well be considered together,
for among them they cover all of Canada which ls in
process of being settled, weat of the older Great Lake
province of Ontario and east of the Rocky mountains.
The predominant part of the population and development of the tbree provinces is in their southern halves. In
this region Winnipeg, Capital of Manitoba, with its population close to 200,000, is Canada's Chicago of a generation or so ago; while Edmonton, capital of Alberta, is the
St. Paul of a similar period. The northern portion of tbe
provinces is a region crossed by many rivers and dotted
with numberless lakes.
Even more of a wilderness are the territories of Kee-
watln and Mackenzie, which extend from the prairie provinces northward to the Polar seas. Most of tbls region
has been explored only along the largest rivers and lakes.
Innumerable lakes are to be found there, and between
them much of the region is muskeg country. Farther
west, adjoining Alaska, lies the Yukon territory, well
known for its gold rushes. This is a mountainous and
plateau region, rich in many kinds of minerals. As yet
it is practically without railways.
Tbt) extreme wieat-arn province. svUnlnln^ the United
Victor!., January 24.—on the flrst
division, the government was sustained In the legislature today, when tbe
Conservative amend ment to the address ln replp to the speech from tbe throne was rejected
by a majority of seven. The vote was: For the amendment, 18; against, 26.
Tbe division came after three hours of stormy debate,
tn the course of which Premier Oliver announced that
when tbe federal customs commission haB completed its
work, British Columhia government will introduce legislation to give tbe province control over campaign funds,
if examination of tbe sworn evidence before the commis
sion corroborates newspaper reports of testimony.
Victoria, January 26.—Did the Kamloops Conservative
convention choose a provincial leader of the party who
had no intention of leading In tbe generally accepted
sense of the term?
This is one of the questions which is being asked in
the corridors of the parliament buildings by quite a number of opposition supporters who are beginning to realize
the unheard-of situation of a party leader attempting to
lead at a range of nearly three three thousand miles,
Col. Lister has announced—an inadvertance which, it is
understood, considerably perturbed Dr. Tolmie and his
supporters—that the provincial leader does not propose to
seek election to the legislature until the next general election. Now that the cat is out of the bag, however. Conservative members of the house are keenly aware of the
anomalous (position in whioh they in this regard.
The less enthusiastic supporters of Dr. Tolmie, while
good Conservatives, are seriouslp asking themselves how
their leader ls going to keep himself posted on the marcb
of events, to say nothing of taking responsigility for his
party's actions, unless be Ibe on tbe spot for dailp consultation. ,
So far tbey have not been able to find an answer whicb
will satisfy them to this question.
Victoria, January 2 .—In the legislature the other day
Hon. T. D. Pattullo, minister of lands, completely answered tbose critics of the government's timber policy
who are continually charging that this province's raw logs
are going to the United States In too great a quantity
and at the expense ot British Columbia's, industrial expansion. I
Mr. Pattullo showed that the total cut last year was
three billion feet, and that the export of logs in the raw
inproportion to the total cut was about 7 per cent, or 4
per cent less than the export of raw material from little
Finland. The minister also showed that out Of the 22.",-
000,000 feet in logs that left British Columbia last year,
170,000,000 feet went to Japan and not to the United
States at all. And, what is more informative still, only
about 50,000,000 feet of these were cut from licensed areai;
under tbe control of the government.
Apart from the well-known fact that most of these raw
logs are of low grade timber and not easily marketable
when they come in competition with [European timbers
—as they do—it should not be forgotten that in the preparation of the export of those logs to Japan—with a small
proportion to the United States—a good deal of employment ls found for British Columbians. He does not propose to take awap their means of a livelihood and drive
them across tbe border.
DrunkWithFatigue
BY ERWIN GREER.
You wouldn't permit a drunken person to drive your automobile, would you? And yet intoxication of any sort
makes a person unfit to handle a motor car. A fatigued
person Is just as drunk as if he had been iiiiiliibing alcoholic poisons. In botb cases the vision is blurred, the
senses dulled and the will and muscles refuse to co-ordinate,
An automobile is a nearly perfect piece of mechanism.
It has endurance tha Is truly remarkable. Yet no automobile will keep going unless lt is supplied with gas oil
and water and electric current is fed to the spark plugs
to ignite the compressed mixture ln the cylinders.
Man can accomplish some amazing feats, but no man
nor no woman can keep going for long without food, water
and Bleep. Food is to him what gas and oil are to tlio
automobile engine. It is the material from which the
powor and the lubrication comes. Water Is as necessary-
to a man as It Ib to an automobile engine. Without water,
he dries ui<, becomes overheated and dies. Sleep Is the
charging of the battery used to supply the sparks, without
which there can bo no real exertion.
Let a person go without food, lethim go without water,
let bim go without sleep for a long enough iierlod, let
him go without any one of these things lor any great
period and fatigue results. If he Ih driving a ear It Is a
death-dealing fatigue.
One reason some drivers become fatigued so soon as
the do while touring is because they not not only get too
little sleep, tbut they do not eet enouge and do not eat tho
proper food and they do not drink enoug wator. Thoy are
trying to keep going witli an empty gas tank, a half-filled
radiator and a run-dawn battery. Is lt any wonder that
tbep are in serious accidents?
The only way tlo make touring or any long trips safe
is to avoid fatigue, and it can be avoided only bp ealinn
sufficient and proper food, by drinking enough pure waler
ang enough sleep that is sound and restful. In -other
words, th driver has to give as much attention midline as
much judgment in keeping blmself in good driving condition as she doeB in keeping the car In good running condition.   Failure to do this is surely playing with death.
States is British Columbia, Canada's Switzerland. The
crest of the Rocky -mountains forms the eastern boundary.
and the entire province westward to the Pacific roust is
mountainous. The coast is deetply indented with fiords
that rival those of Norway. In the southwestern corner
of British Columbia, hard by the United Slates border, is
Vancouver, Canada's great Pacific port, and tbe western
terminus of her chief transcontinental railway, .' y .*
tue of Vancouver and the in-jportant trade routes thai
converge there. Canada becomes one of the nations vitally iateiMtod let *s*es*tjgissmis oa Use Ptaifla. THE SUN: GRAND FOEKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
Uht (grani. Jteka Bun
AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER
a. A. EVANS. EOITOR AHO PUBLISHER
1SWUB80RIPTION RATITS—PArA3LE" IN ADVANCE
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) $1.00
Ole Year (in the United States)  <.  1.50
Addresr •*■-■ **-*•*—-cations to
JThe Grand Pork? Sun
Phone 101 Grand Forks, B. 0,
OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVENUE AND LAKE STREET.
FRIDAY. ,IANUA1!Y 28, H»27
GOOD FINANCING
The province is to be congratulated on the excellent
Price obtained for its Bliort -term issue, of $6,000,000.
It had been proposed to fund this sum partlp on a thirty-
year and partly on a forty-year basis. The credit of Hritish Columbia is good. It has been caret'iillp built up in
the last ten years, iln the money markets of the world
It Is realized that tlie securities of thin province rank
high lu the gilt-edged class. Nevertheless, It happens at
times that the market in saturated with provincial offerings, Tbis is the case at present. Ontario, Manitoba
and Alberta have all been in the Held to obtain heavy long-
term loans. Under the circumstances it was not aurprls-
ing that the price offered the British Columbia government
for ilong-term bonds was not as high as was expected.
Confronted with the alternatives of taking what he could
get, orborrowing for a short at a slightly greater cost in
tbe belief that a better bargain could be made two years
hence, the minister of finance decided on the latter. He
has had the gratifl of closing a contract with the Bank of
Montreal on very good terms.
Incidentally it may be noted that Mr. Jones has given
the Hon. Dr. MacLean an opportunity o. onco again Knocking the bottom out ofthefavorite allegations or tne opposition on the subject of provincial indebtedness. Tbe.
member for South Okanagan is the opposition watch-dog
on all financial matters. He put to the government recently a series of questions 'designed to bring out the
facts. When they were answered it apj eared that the net
debt of the province was only some forty-five million
dollars instead of the eighty ni'illions- -there was even
mention of "approaching a hundred millions"—that had
been broadcast all over the province. The gross debt, it
is true, is about seventy-seven millions, but from that Dr.
MacLean deducts the amount put away in sinking funds,
approximately fourteen millions, and some seventeen millions invested in revenue producing undertakings.
Public debt is of two kinds. Money is borrowed and
put into capital expenditure, such as roads and bridges,
courthouses and similar non-producing works. Prom the
standpoint of tlie taxpayer such borrowings are an addition to the debt for the simple reason that sooner or
later he will have to repay them.lt is ti different matter,
however, when money is put into projects which will return both principal and interest. The taxpayer is responsible for repapment to the lender but with the obligation
he gets the means of meeting it. Mr. Jones will undoubtedly he able to show that the government is not justified
n eliminating the entire revenue-producing debt from the
gross debt in order to arrive at its net debt, for some ol
the items seem to earn their revenue through the dubious channel of constantly growing bcok entries. Until
a careful and critical analysis of the so-called revenue-
producing debt, is made, however, it will be ilnrpossiblo
to tell just what the net debt really is; but that Dr. Mac-
Lean is verp near the mark there is no reasonable doubt.
---Vancouver Morning Star.
ost , woman in Maine to hold a driver's license. Then
along came a plane one day and Mrs. Litchfield, neurit
eighty, decided to fly, and fly she did. And wlhen it was
announced that the submarine 0-2 would help Wiscasset
celebrate the Fourth.Mrs. Litchfield said she was going
down in the undersea craft if they'd let her. They did,
and she regards her career complete. "I have been
1000 feet in the air and 50 feet under water," she says.
A gyroscope apparatus is used at Mount Wilson observatory in which two wheels bave to run at a speed of
46,000 revolutions a minute. These two high speed wheel-
are employed by Dr. Mishelson in his attempts to determine with an extreme degree ofprecision the exact length
of the astronomeir's yard stick," namely, the light year.
Motorcycl Ists who are chased by a dejected dog as
they pass along Northern boulevard, W'oodslde, N. Y., are
requested not to kick tho nnfm-tl. lie is looking for his
young (master. The master was William Schefclk, nlni
teen. Willi e riding his motorcycle he was In collision
With mi automobile and was killed. Tlle dog chases ever)
motorcyclist in the hope that he is Schefclk.
Tfce Spice of Life
A Brooklyn, N.Y., man recently
advertised the loss of a purse. Two
days later there came the following
kindly response in the col mins of the
same newspaper: "Party that lost
purse containing $900 need worry no
longer; it has been found."
Small Brother: "Peggy's expecting you tonight, Mr. Brown.
Kmtfnored One: "Really, old chap?
•Here's a quarter. How did you
know?"
Small Brother (beating a retreat):
"She's gone out."
"Well,    look   at the ri ng he gave
Treasure (rove hunters in Hungary can no longer search
for the den of the bundHs of Ilakony woods, who then
(ill the place of Captain Kidd. Tho den been found, bu;
without (lie liopuil-for treasure. Some forty peara ag'
Ihis band terrorized the whole countryside. The polio
have never been able to understand how the gang, hi
matter how closely surrounded In the woods,always man
aged to disappear. Now workmen, blasting in a ston
quarry in the forest, have uncovered a cavern thirty fee
under tbe surface. It resembles a wide hall, with ston
benches at the sides. The names of members of tin
band are cut in the stone walls. The cavern is Cull o
arms of all descriptions.
While funeral services were in progress for Joseph lit
lain, one of Gay Head's most famous Indian whalemen
a carrier pigeon l!ew in from the open sea and allghtt."
on the hearse. The bird remained on tbe perch until tht
Services were over, when it flew to the church and alight
ed there, as if a participant in the last rites for a mail
who had known every sea.
"lias he got any monep?'
"1 hiu; what I mean Is has he
any left:"
got
Notes • potions • Rotables
Plying "down a radio beam" is the method by which
air pilots, especially those in the mail service, may soon
find their way in densest weather to their destinations.
Until the directive radio beacon was devised by the army
air service and put into service at MeCook field many
a flyer, lost in an area of storm or fog, had to drop danger-
ouslynear the ground to get his bearings visually. Crashes sometimes resulted. Now, however.aome landing fields
are equipped With the beacon. It sends out two directed
radio beams, each of which has a characteristic signal.
When a flyer crosses one of the beamsand approaches
the other he can lay a course between the two and remain
there by noting the comparative strength of the two signals. Following his path of equal signal strength to tho
landing place is then comparatively simple.
For nearly a century all the gum used for stamps and
stationery in the British post office department has been
manufactured by memlbers of ono family in a little home
factory near Aldershot. Now the little establihment has
been closed, so that the gum may be manufactured on
more up-to-date lines near London.
Judge—"You say pou were nevor
nl this court beiore?"
Defendant—"No, suh. Dis am mah
Tast an' onllest time."
"I've certainly seen your face
somewhere."
a.
"Yes,    sub,   pou sho' has—I'se yo'
bootleggah."
Someone throw a head of cabbage
vt an Irish orator while he was making a speech. He paused a second,
hen said: "Gentlemen, 1 only asked
.'or your ears; I don't care for your
leads." He was not bothered anp
aore during the r oinoinder of hi3
ipeech.
'What's  the matter,  Bohbp?"
"Please,    auntie,   I   -don't like my
-alee."
"■We 1, dear, don't eat it."
"But, auntie, I have eaten it."
When the very much alivu Bernice Dennis arrived at
Arkansas City, Kansas, from Portland, Oregon, she was
greeted by weeping relatives and friends, who had al
ready completed her funeral arrangements. The mixup
was caused by a mistake of a single word in a telegram.
The telegram sent suid: "Bernice left at 4 p.m. Arrive
there Thursday." In the telegram received the word
"Ieit" had become "died."
In the manufacture of jewelry the usual alloy for gold
is copper, but In the making of white gold nickel is us&d.
This causes the while color, and, at the same time, makes
the gold harder and moro brittle. The price varies according to the amount of the alloy used.
'Herman Christenseu, of Copenhagen, the only official
executioner in Denmark, has been relieved of his job,
which he held for more than twenty years. The reason
given for the act was that it did not seem reasonable to
keep him longer "on probation" for the reason that in all
(hat time he has not been called on to officiate.
The root, stalk and flower of the milkweed has been
converted into twenty-two uses. Chief among the milkweed products are paper surgical dressings, which will
displace the cotton now in use, various kinds of fiber for
textile aud silk industries, a form of celluloid, glucose,
fertilizer anid rubber.
i   If   every   man   were taken at his own valuation there
wouldn't be balf enough halos to go around.
Poems From EasternLand s
Persia
A cuttlefish that confounds its enemies with light instead of dairkness is the interesting ereuture described by
Prof. E. Newto Harvey, student of what is popular]-,
known us "cold Ught,"who devoted eight months to research in tho marine laboratories of Naples and Messina.
Italy. Ordinary squid or lukilsli that live nenr the surface escape their pursuers by throwing out a cloud oi
black fluid, as a kfiid of submarine -Ihoke screen, I'rof.
Harvey explained. T1iIb abysniul forin, which lives at
depths of probably ten thousand feet, where no light over
penetrates, has only a rudimentary Ink sac, whieh Instead of the usual laky sepia contains a luminous substance. When disturbed It discharges a Jet of ihis hi
mluous material autl thus blinds lis enemy wilh llglil In
Btead of darkness. Prof, Harvey Is of the opinion thai
this deep-sea squid Is a descendant of surface-living ani
mals, but that as It evolved in darkness it found thai
this reversal of Its ancestral mode of defense was useful
ln insuring its survival.
The married life of a Sydntp, Australia couple threatened to be a stormy one from the outset. As the coup
was entering the church a dispute arose as to who would
pay the pastor for marrying them. The man had been giv
Ign his betrothed a part of his wages for a considerable
time and contended that she should pay the pastor from
this fund. She had other views on the subject, but when
the refused to go through with the ceremony unless she
paid the parson's lees the poung woman complied.
'Over 200 years ago an English doctor was moved to pity
for a little girl who had to take nasty medicine, so he
made a mixture of sugar, water and flavoring extract.
This ho gave to the little girl with her medicine and she
liked lt so well that the dootor was persuaded after her
recovery to prepare more of the delightful concoction with
the medicine omitted. He called the preparation "candy."   And that's how the popular confection originate:!.
Time was when Mrs. Jennie Litchfield of Wiscasset,
Maine, was content with the distinction of being the ohl-
SOLOMON AND THE QUEEN OF &HEBA
Once upon the Throne together
Telling one another Secrets,
Sate Sulapman and Balk is;*
The Hearts of both were    turned to Truth
Unsullied by Deception.
First the King of Faith Sulayman
Spoke—"However just and wise
■Reported, none of all the many
suitors to niy palace thronging
Uut afar 1 scrutinize;
And lie who comes not eniiply-hauded
Grows to Honor In mine Epos."
Alter this, Halkis a Secret
Prom her hidden  bosom  utter'd,
Saying -"Never  nlgbt  or morning
Comely youth before mo posses
Whom  I look not lifter, longing."
— From Saliiiiian and Absal
'Solomon and tlie Queen of Sheba, who, It uppears, Is no
worse   In one   way thau Solomon In another, unless ln
I'rioiitul eyes.
aA ncieotJHistoiy*
[Taken Fkom Twenty-Year Old Sun Files.]
The Sun owes R. A. Brown an 'apology. A week or so
ago we stated that he was to deliver a Socialist speech on
the night before the provincial election. Mr. Brown
wishes it understood that he will speak for the Liberal
cause and that he will handle the log scaling question
without gloves.
"Can a leopard change his -pots?"
"Of   course,    sily!    when he get3
tired   of   one   spot he can go to another."
Wife (angrily): ("U you must
know, I married pou because I
thought you had m.cney."
Hubby (bitterlp):, "Bah, I know
that! But. can y ou tell me what I
was thinking about to let you?"
Motorist, riding near a farm orch
ard, stopped the car, got out.climibed
the fence, and gathered a bag of apples.
To complete the "joke" he slowed
Iown as he went bp the farnnhouse,
md called out to the owner: "I
heped myself to your apples
Thought I'd tell you."
"Oh, that's all right," the farmer
tailed back. "I helped rapself to
your tools while you was in the
irehard."
i "You once kept a cook for a whole
month, you say?"
"Yes."
"Remarkable! How did pou manage it "
"We were cruising about in. a
steam yacht, and she couldn't swim.
"What bone is the bone of contention, father?" queried the young hope
ful.
"The jaw-bone, my son, the jawbone," solemnly replied his father.
"The difference between saving
coal and saving daylight is that we
had the daylight to save."
• Teacher:   "What is a creditor?"
Yourig Pupil: "A man who must
be told that father is not at home."
Tenderfoot Bride: "Is lt healthy
out here?"
Cowboy: Healthy? Say; thev
had to shoot a couple of people to
Btart a cemetery."
"How dare you, with your scandal
ous past, have the nerve to propose
to me!It wouldn't take tmuch for me
to have you thrown downstairs and
iho dogs turned on you."
"Am I to take it aB a refusa .then?"
The new steel furnace room at the Granby smelter being constructed by the Grand Forks SteelStructural Works
will be completed by the flrst of the month.
About 4,000,000 feet of sawlogs are being taken out of
the North Fork country this winter. MoBt of them are
for tlie Yale-Columbia Lumber company.
The Granby's net profits during 1906 were 2,130,780,
equal to $15 per share.
Irate Gentleman (to stranger who
Iibb stepped on hiB toe): "Look
here, I know that my foet wore
meant to be walked on, but—hang It,
Bir!—that   privilege belongs to me."
Worried Marplebone Wife: "There
ought to be some special place like a
dog's home to put a h sband when he
is out of work."
i   Boardinghouse Keeper (jokingly):
"I don't appose you   know   what   lt
means to be hungry, Mr. Smithers?"
Boarder:   "No, but I'm   learning."
Wife: "Well, Jack, what did.pou
think of that blood and thunder play?
Jack: "In my opinion it was more
like thud and blunder."
-  Brown:   "Would  you
politics is' or 'are?'"
White:"'Is,'    of    course,
politics is always singular."
say  'honest
Honest
Bert:
Tom:
"What ls a sinking fund?"
"My  bank  account."
CITY REAL  ESTATE
FOR SALE
A ->pl!catioits for immediate purchase of Lots-rand Acreage owned by the City, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Pri jest—From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Termsi—Cash arid approved payments.
Lifet   of Lofs .-in-!   prices   -nny   be -•«■•:*■■* '.«-
City Office.
JOHN   \    -..  "■■■■■■.   ■
Cily Clerk.
qfliim^
Proved safe by millions and prescribed by physicians for
Colds     Headache    .Neuritis Lumbago
Pain       Neuralgia      Toothache     Rheumatism
DOES NOT AFFECT THE HEART
tSW
Accept only "Bayer" package
which contains proven directions.
Handy "Bayer" boxes of 12 tablets
Also bottles of 24 and 100—Druggists.
Aspirin Is the trade mark (renlstpretl ln Osnsda) cf Bnyor Mannfsctnre ot Motioscetic*
■el ".ester of Sallcyllcsctd (Acetyl Salicylic Aell, "A. S. A."). While It Is well known
tliat Aspirin means Bayer manufacture, to assist the public iiiralnst Imitations, tbe Tablets
of Bayer Company wUl tie stamped witli tbelr general trade mark, tlie "Bayer Cross."
EAfJEHFUfJ
AND PURE l
r tEALTHFUL as well as pure, bt-causo Ihey are Bcieotifically
.  J. brewed from the tmest materials and properly matured and aged,
ure the beers made by the Ams!sr.;natcd Breweries   Do not
.; your health by drinking hastily mada, "raw" brews, nearly always
,:-mful. Demand tho famous beers brewed by tbe Amalgamated
Jrcweries of B.C., full flavored to the last drop*
■ '"'"f'i-iM
***mtp'^
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board or by the Government of British Columbia.    - ~-
Spilt Milk Costs U icle Sam
$77,399,685.00 Annually
The amount ot milk split, soured,
rejected and otherwise wasted annually, Is 8,889,886,000 pounds. This at
$2.25 per hundred would approximate annually tbo stupendous
amount of $77,399,(ISC.
However, a cheerful note rings
through thia tale of ocouomlc loss to
a nation. The samo roport shows
a 1921 incroaso ot 10" pounds o(
milk per oow over 1*"H production.
Deducting this from thu figure previously ui von, leases a loss through
waste of only $13,G07,32t5, a mere
bagatelle, compared with our ' national debt of more than twenty billions of dollars.
I'he Increased yield per cow ls due
to heightened efficiency on the' farm;
and future years promise even
greater Increases.
Dairymen havo discovered the futility of feeding* non-paying members
of   thoir   milk   herds.    Thoy   have
learned that losses lurk ln insanitary
milk   production.    They   have   dls-
j covered the advantages that He in
swatting the bacteria that hide in
j unclean    stables,    undipped,    un-
j brushed flanks and udders of milk
i cows and  unsterilized  utensils.   As
| time goes on, the unavoidable waste
I of milk will be more than offset by
i intelligent feeding, complete sanlt**
[tion and more efficient herd manage-*
It talcs, alterct of t)87,-
Wl com, eaeh giving
UtiO Ibt. ol mil- yearly
lo supply the mil*
wasted annually it* the
V. B.
According to a schedule showing
the division of dairy products, published by the United States Department of Agriculture, the annual eon:
ot wasted milk in our nation won'.::
make a happy pay day for the arnry
and navy and still leave an appropriation sufficient to build enougb
combat planes to satisfy even thc
mllltft-jit. Mitchell
 -rrtr*	
"What's a bachelor's button, Joe?'
"One that ain't there."
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year
_m_ THE SUN:  GBAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
Sun's Page/People and Events of Passing News Interest
■w^'-gw-.' •■" --v-4w«waftMff
1
P
Laity O (ham, sUndlnf Wsidc har hacbaad. Sir Alan C-taham,
the famot English fljdnr M«, li M eitthoalattie «r«r f.yini
as her haaband. Th#r ffance afffttlanatcly at the Math plant
load-pd aboard a  Hncr bound  far Amarica. -t
■ --'
ir
.!•
b*';';'':' JH ■~^<*'$k
r*K
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liH
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, .-^u^i^aS^.
.:.   -
r
i-iL*v&&2t&Jt*
BMJMMMJM
- \ ■ m
1 hesc your.i* men nre the - V impi-.n hop rntsers of
llm throe prairie provinces. Th* photo wns tnken at
Toronto while the winners were at tend ine the Royal
Whiter   Fair  as  ffuetta  uf  the  Canadian   Pacific   Railway
CoiT-.pany   thin   tr.iJ.
'■m
**i£i■x^"::U'-.'^:--AaI-1:.....< i.^^.i^.-^'S*^^"-:;:^*';™
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;     .-. ■   v.J r  *"--     •*»----7.■■;- *-"■ Cjf!i.-s.   *-'■"' - ''
Pride of Quebec — The Clmteati
FronUnac dotf team that provides
unique amuatment for the gntistr.
at  that  famoua  hostelry.
Becoming extensive travellers at six years of aire.
these twins, James and Duncan Fraser. arrived in Canada recently on the Canadian
Pacific liner "Montclare."
for a holiday from Inverness.   Scotland.
-a*
-% .
m
S'
":"ii,*'-.*:i--:'- ..*i3*."'..'*'iii.-.i
■     A'}*.'*     ** MiSSstSSiidS
7. P-	
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iiii <-t?
>    -..J'.-M..
3*■" - ■ •
':-:""f.*rl'iW»,'i*'--- J'■■■■,'' P>(. V'i . *. f
_:/i
Youngest recruit for the
"Buffs" — A baby buffalo,
five weeka old. la one of the
recent arrivals at tho Un-
cJoii,  England, Zoo
s 1
:i%;
r:?-—
-ix.  -txtrr
\/m'weiVi?^*v*m3&
■■'■■' ■'■-'.,*.*:1.
Prince Hnd I'riu-
ct-ss (-Initio Pi-;nn-
telll, of Maoism,
Cottn*, ore pr-i^ii-
llcnt pi.ssenyi-r-i
aboard the Cnnadian Pacific liner
"Kmpress of .Spot-
land." which s.-.:l-
vt\ on a round-the-
world cruise from
New York rt-
"cntly.
-'-'' ' . * '*i'*
fit- M^%^-,-^ SihJoV*. aMi-lii.*..;
aajaa^MMpaWMWHBJM
*0x'*-
£
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; .;->.-^b
N:".:
'>'•;>- .*'.-'•':
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v-'f'.iV
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j3 k:
■   ■   . >•- ^a;;- •yT-f-v
^■■■^m_Wc
■,■.■*.*:.  ■Jl7'**>*--i'.-' »
::>'•;>
^-mi-i^^lm-a^Ammxil'.^ .-   ' ^
A close-up  view of tha Royal coach b.ins drawn lo the opening of tlu
Parliament.   The Queen of England can be aeen seated In the coach.
T
'-■■-*-. ,-i::..',.
SMMB-I-M'^^
' *■*»■'(.   ■   *. '*-■■    ■      "
Winter aporta in all IU varied forms are in
full awing at Quelle cily. Photo shows a typical
akling stent oin a Mll-slda near tho Chateau
Frontenac
"The White Empresses of the Pacific
■•■■■•s-***'*-*-**--.--^^
A striking: note of interest comes in
one of the first announcements
for 1927 from the office of the Chairman of the Canadian Pacific Steamships, Mr. E. W. Beatty. "The
White Empresses of the Pacific" will
again be the connecting transportation link between Canada and the
Orient. The company's palatial fleet
of monster steamships on the Pacific
ocqan will assume its former glory of
being.garbed in white.-
' The Empress of Asia will arrive in
Vancouver on Jan. 24, and will be the
first to arrive in Canadian watera
-pic an' span in white paint. According to the official order, the white
paint will be topped off by a suitable
shade of Pacilic blue around the
sheer line streak of the vessels. This
was used when tba thm-fu-uul fleet
was formerly painted whits, and the
effect acclaimed the ships among the
most attractive in world commerce.
On Feb. 13 the blue-ribbon -hip
of the Pacific, the 21,500 ton Empress
of Canada, will arrive in Vancouver
clad in white. Holding the,Pacific
speed record of fifteen days, twenty-
one hours from Hongkong to Vancouver and from Yokohama to the
Canadian port iu eight days, ten
hours and fifty-three minutes, the
blue Tine from stem to stern will be a
fitting tribute to the flagship's power
and to Canada's enterprising trade
relations with the Far East.
Arriving in Vancouver on March 6,
the Empress of Russia, thc 16,900
ton sister-ship to the Empress of
Asia, will be the third to vrive af tw
■;.!.-: ..--....      '... i
Tlle C. 1'. Kmtsi'iSJ iif Hlf-sBls ill llm lefl In
hor '.nrlMif white, Al lliuriillit Is this Em-
presu of Ciinuiln In black.
annual overhaul in Hongkong and
will complete the fleet to be known
as "The White Empresses of the
Pacific.','- .
As Royal Mail ships these Canadian Pacific Empresses have been
supreme in the trade between
America and Asia, being the largest
and fastest on the Pacific route. Their
service is augmented by being the
important link between Europe and
the Orient by one transportation
system, the largest in the world, the
Canadian Pacific.
Sailing in both directions every
three weeks, these ships, which are
the last word in floating architecture,
have attained great popularity with
the world traveller. They have
carried to the markets of the world
the treasures of Oriental merchandise
aa well as vast cargoes of such commodities as tea and rice. In the world
war these Empresses played no small
part in the protection of the- Allied
interests on the Pacific.
In consequence the announcement
from the chief executive of the
company to the effect that the fleet is
a<*?.in to be known as "The White
I Empresses of the Pacilic" meets with
I popular favor.
!•*•
I  ■■■
!
I.
A Record Fish and Story
■; »■-■ ■ "Tvvc^twmi! x^TUU^JKhauoi
:■<
WE. Kidder of Kalamazoo, Mi-
• chi,c*an arrived in Montreal
over Canadian Pacific Railway line3,
recently with the hest "fish", story
of the "year. It was a pretty good
story, and we had to believe him,
especially when ho showed v- a forty-
pound salmon packed away in ieo In
the observation car.
Now, Mr. Kidder is a prptty good
fisherman, but he says that the experience he had while fishing in Cain-
River, New Brum,..irk : :. Bolutely
unique, and that as far as he knows
he was successful in hooking what is
probably a record "*hv. "1 with a
trout rod and fly.
"This f; h "    ■  , '
largest •oool
•aid   Mt.   kiuusu*. "ana ike. tuuna
VK*TKVl'**VU*-vi'A-r>*i**r*i
.-..:.* -.."■■■ .-„«t"««-»..'i" •>";■.».-^^
1 The peaceful Cains Ri-ier where tho flghtlns "hook bills" lurk.
2 In action on the Cains River. 3 Proof of the "lish story."
opinion was expressed by game
wardens who viewed the fish in tho
live box. But the really great point
was the terrific fight that this fish
put up. Thi3 wss so spectacular and
60 fast and furious, accompanied by
rusl 'ter rush of 160 to 200 feet, that
we had no time to take a picture of it.
" My canoe man and myself were
busy every second of the time from
twenty minutes pasit four until after
dark. In fact up to the last few
minutes of the fight I stood with om>
foot in the Low of the canoe constantly, when I was not in the canoe and
chasing the fish bsck and forth across
the stream. **
"Tni* fish was forty-five and three.
fourth-' inches long measured in a
rtra'rrhtline. Tf r,"*aH'ircd around the
'*
i •.-*- tiiia. 'ius-ii- liieuiuenwnts wete
taken after he had been fighting the
wires of the live box for live or six
days, in whiuli he undoubtedly lost a
-reat deal of weight. Perhaps if he
had been measured when first taken
from the water he would have been
at least two inches more.
"However, no matter how you
look tit it, he was big enough to suit
me, and the fact that it was a 'hook
bill' and 'leaping fish' instead of •
female or 'sulker' gave me that
much more satisfaction. Then, too,
it was taken with a No. 12 fly, which
is very much smaller than is commonly used for six inch trout. The
rod weighed only four end seven-
eightha ounces, and the ordinary
trout leader, with a three pound
breaking strength was not much
heavier than is commonly used for a
small trout Uj.". THE SUN: GBAND FORKS, BBITISH COLUMBIA
Better Value
Economr in ita rich drawing freshness.
NEWS OFTHE CITY
The meeting of the city council on
Monday evening was a brief one.
tbe mayor and all the aldermen with
the exception of Aid. Donaldson, who
was confined to his mome by illness,
were present. No committee reports
Were received, and the time of the
session was taken up with the discussion of various matters, the rock
crusher question being the principal
one.
The organization meeting of the
Grand Forks school board was heid
on Tuesday evening. E. F. Laws
was re-elected chairman of the board.
The chairman named the following
chairmen of committees: Finance,
Chas. Mudge; grounds, H. C. Kerman; buildings, J. A. McDougail;
management, A. G. C. Mason. Aside
from these appointments, only routine business was transacted at the
meeting.
Douglas Carter, manager of the
Boundary Iron Works, Is In the
Grand Porks hospital su ering from
an attack of pneumonia. His sister,
Miss Nellie, who is a nurse in the
General hospital at Vancouver, arrived in the city Tuesday evening to
nurse him. His condition at pres
ent is reported to be faxorable.
George Massie's rink, composed of
Mr. Massie, E. C. Henniger, D. C.
Manlp and Carl Wolfram, attended
the Greenwood bonspiel on Monday
and Tuesday.
The Grand Forks hockey team
goes to Greenwood on Tuesday to
play the flrst of the home and home
games for the Boundary hockey cup.
Ed Gray, who has been in the
Bank of Commerce in this city for
the past four years, has been transferred to Vancouver and he left this
week for that city.
The A. B. Winters family are confined to their home this week by the
illness of Mr. Winters and other
members of the household.
Miss Gladys returned on Sunday
last to Vancouver, where she is in
training for a nurse.
Haskell and Carey, the famous
"squirrel hunters" of the main Kettle
river, have returned to Rock Creek
after a two weeks' hunt, having
"bagged" nine large cougars, two
coyotes, two mink, one marten, one
skunk and several "Hying squirrels."
This is the largest slaughter of wild
cats at one time on the main river
and possibly in the province. Mr.
Haskell was in town Thursday and
collected   $360   bounty.—Led--*".
■^QurHiredMan
Bring in all the   farm   machinery
und store it.
Good foundations under buildings
are one of the most important things
about buildings,
Keep plenty of fresh water before
the fattening hogs. Slop willnot answer the purpose.
The man who departs from the
beaten track of a good balanced ration pays for lt sooner or later.
A movable brooder houBe with a
coal stove in it is an economical
means of raising a large number of
(hicks at one time.
that Canadian-born Doukhabors have
exercised their franchise in some instances.
CHRISTMAS PRICE8 FOR
APPLES IN  LONDON
In an article on the prices of food
stu s, the London Daily Mirror of
December 23 states:
"Fruit, as usual at this time of
year, is rather dear. Jonathan apples are 7d., Oregon Newtowns 8d.
and Ribstons 5d., while cooking apples run. from 4d. to 8d."
London wholesale quotations of the
same date showed Jonathans, Extra
Fancy, $2.54;Fancp, $2.30 to $2.42;
Wewtowns.Extra Fanop, $2.42 to $2.78
Fancy, $2.18 to $2.54.. So that retailors were selling by the pound at an
advance of more than 100 per cent
over wholesale prices—which proba-
iilp explains why the Canadian fruit
trade commissioner in England states
lhat "fruit is moving very slowly;
Christmas trade very disappointing."
Until the consumer in Britain can
purchase British Columbia apples at
it, reasonable price, it is not likely
that there will be any imarked expan
sion in the export of our apples to the
old country.
NEW GRADES OF
FRUIT ANNOUNCED!
Ottawai January 27.—The Domini
ion fruit commissioner announces!
that additional grades to those al-f
ready appearing |n the fruit act have
been established for tender fr its.
Thu new grades apply to cantaloupes,
crate apples.plums or fresh prunes,
pears, peaches, Held tomatoes, black
and red cherries, sour cherries and
grapes.
DOUKHOBORS   DO   NOT  VOTE
Nelsou, January -28.—-In connection
with the public accounts committee
iu the legislature finding a letter
from J. P. Shukin relative to the
Doukhobors continuing to support
the Liberals in certain eventualities,
it is news here that the Doukhabors
cast votes.
As far as can be recalled off-hand,
only three Doukhobors have over
been naturalized here.   It is possible
Giving Wings
to Friendship
The long distance telephone gives wings
to friendship, It enables the human
voice to be carried along wires at a
spend of thousands of miles per second
without losing any of its cordiality. The
special night rates after 8:30 p.m. are
advantageous for social chats.
British   Columbia  Telephone
Coinpany
ITHE   FRUIT  SITUATION*
NEEDS  ADJUSTING
Victoria, January 27.—Fearing that
the proposed bill introduced into the
legislature iby the attorney general
respecting the duties of agents handling with the cooperative plans of the
fruits and vegetables may-interfere
with Okanagan fruit growers, request
was made direct to Premier Oliver
from Kelowna ti delay the progress
of the legislation until such time as
the giowers have a chance to study
tbe bill. As a result of this, and of
th request of opposition members for
time to obtain the views of the province , Hon. A. Manson did not proceed, as he intended to speak on the
second reading of tlie meusure, and
agreed to a delay. The legislation
wua inspired by the revelations made
at tfrc NaBh fruit conspiracy trials,
heard in Vancouver last year, and
contemplates very stringent regulations requiring immediate returns
and   payments to the growers.
I0NALDS0N
GROCERY
Phone 10
'S
(KUM hVlitfWHfiKfi
Developments in bacon-hog raising in Nova Scotia and particularly
in the Annapolis Valley as a by-product of thc dairy industry, is already an assured success. In 1926,
21 swine clubs were functioning
successfully in the Province. Of
these eight operated in the Dominion
Atlantic Railway territory.
The first fish net factory to operate in Canada is being started here
by the Canadian Fish Net Co., Ltd.,
financed by Canadian capital and
employing Canadian labor. Hitherto the nets used by Canadian fishermen have been imported from Europe and the United States, which
has at times entailed heavy losses
owing to late deliveries.
Try our Special Tea
at 65c per lb
Shoes, Shirts, Overalls
Good values for your
money.
Call and see us before
purchasing.
.JOHN  DONALDSON
General Merchant
Get Your
Groceries
at the
CITY GROCERY
Phone 25
'Service and Quality-
Grain left Montreal for seventeen j
different countries in the 1926 season. Great Britain imported to the
heaviest extent, followed in order by
Holland, Germany, Belgium, Italy,
France, Norway, Greece, Ireland,
Portugal and South Africa. Great
Britain took .'19,291,763 bushels or
31 per cent, ot the total exports
from the Port, being also the heaviest purchaser of oats. Norway
and Holland were the two largest
buyers of rye.
The grain harvest of 1926 has left
more money in the country than the
greater harvest and somewhat higher prices of 1925, according to N. M.
Paterson, president of the Paterson
Steamship Company, and owner of
a hundred country elevators in the
West, with one other city elevator
now being built at a contract cost
of $800,000 at Fort William. Mr.
Paterson, who was interviewed at the
Windsor Hotel in Montreal recently,
having arrived from Winnipeg, is
travelling ' with his father and
mother, wife, six children and two
nurses, by Canadian Pacific route,
land and steamship, to England with
a view to staying at Bournemouth
for the next three months.
Steamship companies brought approximately 165,000 passengers to
the Dominion in 1926, an increase
of nearly 48,000 over the previous
years. Third class passengers, the
majority of whom were immigrants
or new settlers, accounted for over
123,000. An outstanding feature of
travel has been the development of
tourist third class accommodation.
Approximately 7,100 passengers of
this kind were carried eastbound
across thc Atlantic from Canada
and 8,650 transported westbound
during 1920, making a grand total
of this kind of travel of 16,750
for the year.
Portable Steam Engine und
Holler For Sale.
mENDKliS will be rei's-lvnd by the under-
a- signed, up tu noon Friday, Keluunry 11th,
1921, for the puri'lmso of "tie Siiwyer Mimsey
Portable Steam Engine nnd Boiler.
Iiitemliiiir tenderers tuny examine I'n&lne
and Holler liy applying to ■ ciierul tforeni&n
Donaldson, Court House. Grand Korks, H. C,
"I'l'lie hif-liestor any lender not necessarily
accepted.
JAMES I'-TERSON,-
Purchasing Agent.
Parliament Buildings,
Vicioria, B.C.,
9       i 20th January, UM   .
•"QOVBUNMENT LIQUOR ACT."
NOTICE OF APPLICATION FOR
BEER LICENCE.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that on the
8th day of February next the un-
dersigned intends to apply to ti.e l.iiinor
Control Hoard for a licence in respect of
premises beiuirVpiu't of lhe buildinc." known
as the "H. ('." Tlotol, situate nt fiiseade, d.O.,
upon Uie hiuils dedorlbcd hs l.,it No. One (IJ
Block Twenty ('20). Man No. Eight (S). Cae'ade
B. I',., Kamloops Land l.itml Itegislry Division in the Province of llritish Columbia,
for the sale of beer by the gin's or by lhe
open bottle for oimsiimpttmi ou tbe premises.
Dated this lilt, dav ol Jnmiarr, 1927.
i'ETJ-R WALTKI'. LARsEN,
Applicuut.
S. T. HULL
Ifctnblishcd 1910
>al instate and Insurance
llotttlent Affont Grimd FOHu Townsite
C(jni|)aiiy, I.linite-1
ns-uiH    'Orchards     City Property
A;;ent: ut Nelson, Calvary, Wlhiili.v-tg and
■ther Prairie pointa. Vancouver Agniii- :
PBNsOKKIN        TMKNTS
RATTHNBU       LANDS LTI».
Kr-'plilMie-l hi 1U10, we are in *, po ill Ion to
> fulfil relitttilo information COUOflrnlltgthlf
ItHtr'Ot*
■V : 't'i for frm* Utotature
SI
PDOUGALL
CONTRACTOR ANO BUILDER
Asii-iit
Liitiuiiiicn Mmmiii entnl Works
Aiiieniiis Proline * Co. Itoofini*J
ESTIMATES FURNISNED
3X33'/ GRAM FORKS, P. C
rr
\i
1* «>
SCHEER
Wholesale and Retail
TOBACCONIST
cnistr in
Havana Cigars. Pipe*
Confectionery
CHEVROLET
See the new Superior Chevrolet bctore you buy a
car. There are more cents in theCHOVROLET
DOLLAR than iu any other automobile dollar.
CHEVROLET Touring ,  $885
•*■• Roadster       885
" Couch  1080
" Coupee   1080
Sedan     1200
" TiAndeau S-rliin   1250
" One-ion rru*!*    935
GRAND FORKS GARAGE
E.C, Henniger Co.
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
IJmc and Salt
Cci ncnt and Plaster
Poultry Supplies
Gruiul   Forks, IL C.
Iirperia! Billiard Parlor
Grcnd Forfcn, B. C.
ANO PICTURE FRAMING
Furniture  .Mmlo  to Order.
Also Lt-pair ing of all Kinds,
Upholstering Neatly Done
R. G. MoCUTCHEON
WINNIPsstMVMUB
DON'T HESITATE!
PHONE 101R
FORFINE PRINTING
A com plete line of, colored bonds
in all shade* for fancy letterheads
aod other classes of commercial
printing.   Sun Job Department.
Did you ever notice tbat business
firms who tbink tbat they can reach
Th° Sun's readers through other
publications bave a great deal of
leisure time that might be more
profitably employed) A number of
such firms have involuntarily retired
from business.
Qui
Clasfic blank cards for lassy invitation-and announcements. Sun
Job Depurta-eot.
fHobby
is
Good
Printing
1MIN viiluc of wcll-
nrLited, neat appearing stationery us
a ineansol getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
elsewhere*
Wedding invitations
Bail programs
Business cards
Vi :,ing cards
Sh',   iug tags
Letterheads
Statemants
Notehcads
Pamphlot3
Price lists
Envelopes
Billheads
Circulars
Dodgers
Posters
Mentis
New Type
Latest Style
Faces
THE SUN
•fcf.-'umbia Art-nueand    .
Lake Street
TELEpnor r
R101
C:-:ASi)   •   KKS
Transfer Co.
DAVIS 8 HANSEN. Propf
City Baggage and General
Transfer
Coal,   Wood  and   Ice
for Sale
Office  at   R.   F.   Pctrlc's Store
Phone 64
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty*
ne*ii'
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yalk Hotix,   Kii-st  iiibkt
SYNOPSIS OF
LANDACTAMENDMENTS
PRE-EMPTIONS
Viu'uiit iiiirssserviul, -survey.-d Grown tamli
mny he pM-empted hy Untl h subjniits n 'er
18 yoats of aiti', ami by aliens on declaring
In million to heiioine British subject., oomll.
tional ilium rss.i leuiw. nci'iipsiiuii and improvement fur ut-riouliiii.tl put,,use.
Full Information ooiie'erlllfis- re -illations
reitardltiirpreeiniiiiiiiis isiriven in Htil.ctln
No. 1, Lilt's ISeries "llotv to l-'io-uinii! t.aii'l,"
'Opiceof which run beobtnllleilfrenofchlirge
by addressing tlm Department of Lauds,
Viotorla, U.C, or any liiiveriiineul Aslant.
Record" will bu mude coveting- ouly laml
suiituble for agricultural purposes, and wliluli
Is uot tlinberluiid. I e„ carrying over 6,000
'soard feet tier aura went of tne (loaet Itringe
and * DUO fuel per -tare east of lhat range.
-^Applications I'm' pre-emptions are to bt
addressed to tbe Laml Commissioner ot th*
Land Recording Division, In wblcb the land
nppllcil for is situated.ami are marie on
printed forms copies ol e hi be obtained
from the Land Commissioner. *"
Pre-emptions must be ouoiiplod for Hv*
yrarsaml Improvements made to value of 110
por acre, indu'lim-clearing and cultivating
at least Ave acres, beiore a Grown Uraut ean
ba received.
For more detailed iimirmanou seethe Bnl*
letiu"How to Pre-empt Laud."
PURCHASE
Applications arc received for puroh ase of
vacant and unreserved Drown Lands, uol being timberland, for agricultural purposes:
minimum price of llrat-olats (arable) laud It
I'i par acre, and heoiiud-elass (grailng) laud
$*.** per acre. Further Information regard-
lug purchase or lease of Orown lands It given
In Bulletin No. 10, Laud Series. "Puichnse ami
Lotto of Crown Lands.'
Mill, factory, or lnduj.trlul sites on timber
land, nut exoeedlng 40 aores, may be purchased or leased, on conditions including
payment of stumpage.
HOMESITE  LEA8E8
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding M acres,
may be leased as homesltes, conditional upon
a dwelling being e- ected tn the flrtt year,
title being obtainable alter residence and
improvement conditions tre fulfilled and land
bot been surveyed.
LEA8ES
For graaing and Industrial purposes areas
not exoeedlng 640 acres may be leased by ont
person or aoompany.
P GRAZING.
I'nder the Grating Act the Province It
divided into grating districts and Iho range
administered under a Qraxlng Com.
missioner. Aiinuul grating permits are
issued bated on numbers ranged, priority being given to established owners. Stock
owners may form associations for range
management. Free, or partially tree, permits
are avallablee lor settler**, tan-pert and
travellers ap to ten head.

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