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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Jan 14, 1927

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 Every man thinks he is the proper one to stand around and boss the job
INCREASE IN
CASH RECEIPTS
DURING 1926
The last meeting of thelMf city
council eras held on Monday evening.
The mayo r and ail the aldermen
were present..
The management of the old opera
botise and the guild hall was placed
with the committee   at   present   Ini    Astralia, most remote ot the large
charge   of the skating rink, and con-; overseas units, of the British empire
slating   of   members   of the council
t*_Ana KETTLE VALLEI- ORCHARDIST
TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR—Io
"Tell me what you Know is tni-d
I can'tuess as well as yoo."
FRIDAY, JANUARY 14, 1927
About Australia
with Aid. Liddicoat as chairman.
'An Invltationwas received from
the Are department for the council
to attend their annual meeting on
Wednesday evening.
A report from the Are chief gave a
summary ot the activities of the department for the past year.
A building, on lot 8, block 15, plan
23, was sold for $25, the same to be
removed and tbe premises cleaned
up. 8
The board of works recommended
that machinery be Installed for the
crushing of rock for . repairingy clt
streets, especially ln view of the fact
that the work would aid some needy
families at this time of the year. - Tt
was decided to take action without
delay.
A preliminary statement of re
eeipts and', disbursements for the
year 192(1 was submitted by the finance eom-mlttee which showed that
the different departments had kept
within their estimates, and also
showed an increase of cash . re
eeipts of some $4000 over the preceding year.
The   returning   officer reported as
that recently have been given a status that almost amount to independent nationhood, ia 12,000 miles from
the British isles. Ita Isolation has
made it in some ways the most self-
reliant and democratic of Britain's
offsprings.
Although more than 7000 miles
from the United States, Australia
has been very, strongly influenced
governm-entally by the latter country.
The institutions of tbls southern com
monwealth are more nearly t me
those of America than are those of
any other important country.
The commongealth of Astralia
(which.has been in existence as such
only since 1901 (consists of six states,
New South Wales! Victoria, Queensland, South Australia,Western Australia and Tasmania. As in America, the states. delegated only certain
specific powers to the federal govern
ment and retained, all the rest them
selves.
The law-making macheinery consists of a senate and a house of rep
re&entatives. The memoers of both
are elected. There is provision for
non-voting delegates from the unorganized    northern territory, paral
Liddlcoat, Simmons, Donaldson and
Miller bad been returned by acclamation. For school trustees there
were four nominees—Chas. Mudge,
Alan R. Mudie, A. G. C, Mason and J.
A. McDougail—to fill the three va
cancies. (Mr. Mudie has since withdrawn from the contest, thus electing the entire city ticket by acclama
tion.) For the vacancy on the police
board there was no nomination, and
the government will have to appoint a commissioner.
follows: Mayo*- T. A. Loveand Ald.f leling the arrangement o 1th e United States v, hereby Alaska, Porto
Rico and t he Philippines senr nonvoting delegates to congress. The
federal parliament of Australia has
an advantage over the American congress in its smallness. There are
uow 36 senators and 76 representatives.
There Ib in Australia a federal district like the District of Columbia,
outside the boundaries and Jurisdictions of the states. In this district a
permanent federal capital city is now
being built, and it ia planned that
tbe next parliamelnt (that meeting
in 1927) will be held tnere. Pending
lhe building ot this capital the city
ol' Melbourne has been the temporary seat- of government
As in Canada, the executive power
has in the past beea exercised by a
governor general, ln theory representing the British king, out in some
respects acting as representative of
the existing British government. Under the moat recent London agreement as to the status ot the dominions, the governor general will in the
future be merely the personal representative ot the king, a sort ot official figurehead staning by while the
all-Australian premier, cabinet and
congress run the country;
LEGISLATURE  NAMES
NEW  COMMITTEES
Our member at Vlctorlt must have
been somewhere near the parliament
buildings when the standing committees werenamed this week; He did
not miss very many. Here are the
names: -   '
Forestry—Munn, MacRae, Leary,
Perry, Kergln, Odium, Burde, Walk
em, rjuhu, M. Manson and Lister.
Railways—Messrs. Munn,' Bryan,
Woodward, Odium, Perry, Browne,
Uphill, Lyons and Brulin.
Agriculture—Messrs. Roth well,
Wrinch, Colley, Woodward, Odium,
McPherson, Paterson, Harrison.Stod-
dart, Catherwood, Coventry, Lister,
Jones and Brubn.
Mining—Messrs. Kergln, Munn,
Wrinch, Leary, HqPherson, MaoRae,
Harrison, Uphill, Sodfleld, Wallinger,
Lister and Brubn.
Printing—Messrs. Bryan, Rothwell,
Neelands and Hlnchcliffe.
Public Accounts—Messrs. I. A.
Mackenzie, Kergln, McPherBon.Munn
Woodward, Leary,' MacRae. Colley,
Stoddart, Burde, Pooley, Jones,- W.
A. MoKensie, Lyons and Twlgg.
Municipal Matters—Messrs. Pat
arson, Bryan, Colley, Rothwell.Perry,
Wrinch, McPherson, Urs. Smith,
Messrs. Burde, Walkem, Neelands,
Catherwood, Peck, Hayward and
Wallinger.
erty qualifications, the lower by universal auffrage. Tasmania has an
upper house made up in the same
way but the members of its lower
house are selected under a system
of proportional  representation.
Australia ls almost exactly the
same size as the continental United
States, having an area of 2,974,681
square miles. Nearly half the coin.
monwealth, however, is in the tjoff]
ics. Tasmania has the coolest, climate; it lies in latitude corresponding to northern Indiana and the
southern half of Michigan. Mel
bourne, the southernmost oig city of
the mainland, is in latitude corresponding to that of Wftshington.while
Sydney, Australia's New York, is in
a position like that of Raleigh, N. C.
Going northward along Australia's
eastern shore, one advances into
warmer and warmer territory. By
the time the city of Brisbane, capital
of Queensland, is reached, one 'has
attained a latitude comparable to
that of Palm Beach, Fla. From
there the state of Queensland sweeps
on until its northernmost pointls
nearer the   equalpr   than   southern
Mexico. H	
This "hot coountry" is Australia's
sugar bowl, much* of the tlllde ground
being devoted to the growth of cane
as in America's south. As in; the
latter region, too, cotton grows well
and its prduction is becoming a
greater and a greater industry.
The north central portion of Australia, making up the northern territory, is little developed and all but
unknown. There, and in the north
ern parts of Queensland and Western
Australia dwell most of the few
thousand remaining Australian natives, the "blackfellows." A large
proportion of these are stll savages.
The northern and western portion
of South Australia, and most' of the
interior of Western Australia, are
desert lands. They are more pronounced deserts than the great arid
belt of the United States east "of the
Rocky mountains. The Australian
desert regions are practically uninhabited and unused. Around the
fringe o f this super-dry region, how
ever, is a semi-arid area in which
millions of sheep and cattle graze.
In the better watered ' agricultural
regions wlheat is the principal product.
^ Minerals, especially gold, have
been found in various parts of Australia. Western Australia, across
the continent from the older settled
camm-inities    of    southeastern Aus
Higher Fruit Duties
A Summary of the Case
Recently Presented to
The Tariff Board
To undehstand -this thing let us
get back to the beginning.
There ls a tariff board. Before
this board come all kind of people
asking that legislation be passed to
increase the price of the product
tbey sell so that they will be able
to make more money—make it out of
the people who want to buy. Sometimes the same people ask for reduction in the tariff on articles they
want to purchase so that they may
get their raw materials cheaper. Not
infrequently the same people apply
for both. "Raise my selling price
and lower vafy cost of production,
please, Mr. Tariff Man," is a much
profitable prayer than ithe child's
"Send me a sleigh for Christmas."
■Frequently, too, the applicant, like
the child, promises Santa Claus tbat
he will be good—that is, he states
that he will not raise the price if the
board will only do something to give
him the opportunity to raise it.
Until    the   formation of the com-l tralia, owes its developiawit   largely
lit IT A FISH OR NOT?
Tha olm or protous ls a curious,
snakelike flsh which is totally blind
and its eyes would be of little value
to it in the subterranean waters
which lt inhabits. The olm is both
a lung and a gill breather, lying - at
the bottom of a. stream at times and
extracting oxygen through its gills
and again. rises to the surface and
breathes through its lungs. If the
olm lives in warm waters it brings
forth tts young lalive, while transplanted to colder waters the same
olm will lay eggs and hatch its young
from them.   -
POCKET POWER. PLANT
An individual electric power' plant
consisting ot a small generator,
spring- driven, supplies sufficient current to operate a light bulb. Ten
seconds of cranking by band produces three minutes of light
ALWAY8 LISTENERS
Another strange thing is that every
fellow who comes  along and predicts
the end of the world can get a   near-
hearing trom some persons.
monwealth In 1901 the present states
of Australia were semrate colonies.
New South Wales la, bo% the oldest
and.the most pop-cdos-at pi the units,
but it Is exceeded in size by both
Queensland and Wieatara Australia.
Its population is more than two
million.
In form of government and methods of elections' there are .much great
er differences between tthe states pf
Austral it than between those of the
United States. New South Wales,
as becomes the oldest of the units, ls
most conservative, having an upper
house wbose members are appointed
life by tbe British king. None other
of the six states has suoh a feature.
In the makeup of its lower house,
Now iSouth Wales swings to a democratic extreme and employs proportional representation. Like all the
other states, New South Wales has
an appointed governor and n cnblnet.
In Victoria the members of. both
houses are elected, thos of the upper
lor six years, those of the lowed for
three. Those who vote-for members
of the upper house, however.must
own a certain amount of property.
Members of the lower house are elected by universal suffrage.
Queensland is the most, democratic
of the staes. It has gone so far as to
tbrow overboard the idea inherited
in the United States even from Eng.
land that the legislatures of states
should consist of two houses. In
1922 Queensland abolished its upper
house and its laws are now made by
a single house of representatives
whose members are elected for three
years by universal suffrage.
South Australia and Western Aus
trala both have governments like
that of Victorla,legislatures of two
houses the upper elected under pron
to the discovery of gold
The traditional policy of the com-
*-«onwealthis for a "White Australia,
a policy as firmly grounded there as
is the Monroe doctrine in the United
States. It is not that Australia de-
spices i nunigrotion. It is rather
that she has clung to her ideal of a
homogeneous people ot Britlst origin,
and still believes  in it.
The applicants were the Horticul
tural Council representing the fruit
growers, the nurserymen, the growers of bulbs, plants and vegetables.
Tbey wanted the present tariff
changed to a seasonal one/ A seasonal tariff is not a comlmlon thing—
it is a tariff to be levied only at such
times as people want a product.
When you don't want it, or rather
when these gentlemen have none to
sell, then they don't care where the
tariff stands—what does it matter to
them?
They proposed the following
changes (these rates to be applicable
during the height of the season):
What the nurserymen wanted was
a duty on roses. Roses now come
into thia country from Holland, and
the roses that come from Holland
are sold in the ten and fifteen cent
stores, wbile the nurserymen charge
75c to $1 tor a rosebush, and lf the
duty could be raised high enough it
would stop the people buying roses
Where they can buy them, cheapest
and would force them to purchase
from the nurserymen at these out
landish prices, and so they would
not be able to buy them at all, and
all that rare beauty would shut out
from the world; but the nurserymen,]
would make more money, and that
would give them a grand and glorious feeling.
But there is another aspect to this
problem. We buy roses from Holland, but we sell that country oats
and wheat. Now all international
rade is an exchange ot commodities.
If we shut off the imports lt will necessarily shut off our exports. Unless we are going to buy from Hoi
land, Holland can not continue Indefinitely to buy from us. The argument was made that the wages in
Holland were very low, but in an
swerto that a cablegram from the
Netherlands Association oi Plant
Growers was quoted. It read as foi
lows:
"Wages thirty-five to forty-two
shillings per week. Average working hours nine. - Land prices three
to four hundred pounds per acre
Aotual protection of the Canadian
grower, taking into consideration
duty, freight.lnsurance, etc., aver
ages under thepresent tariff eighty
to one hundred^ per cent on ad valorem, value."
It   will   be seen that while wages
are lower, land prices are very much
4
AGED MAN
ENDS LIFE
DY HANGING
f I i  I Present U.S.
Present Tariff. Proposed Tariff. Tariff.
Cherries     2c per lb. 2c per lb. 2c per lb.
Peaches     lc per lb. 2c per lb. *ke per lb.
Plums    */*e per lb. lc per lb. %c per lb.
Strawberries     2c per lb. 3c per lb. l*4c per Ib.
Apricots   %c. per lb. lc per lb. */.** per Ib.
Apples     90c per bbl. 30c per box. 75c per bbl.
^Our Hired Man
Every child In Canada should
have a quart of milk a day and every
adult at least a pint.
Experiments have shown that the
highest producing hens mature early
They should, however, He vigorous
and have good size, too.
Artificial light will stimulate the
egg production of normal hens, lt
makes but little difference to khich
end of the natural day it is added (
The increases in most cases, you
will note, are somewhat startling.
They are away above the American
rates. In apples the only change
they ask is that the tariff should be
made to read "per box" 1 nstead of
per barrel as at present. The funny
thing is that the customs department
puts an arbitrary relationship between barrel and box. There are
three and a half boxes of apples in a
box. The government fixes the duty
at 90c a barrel, but the customs department asserts that there are three
boxes in a barrel and makes the
duty 30c a box, when it ought to be
26c. The Horticultural Society is
afraid that this will be found out and
so it wants the wording changed so
that the duty shall be definitely 30c
a box
It is interesting to note how the
duty from the 40c per barrel, at
which lt stood before the war to the
neat little amount of 90c per barrel
ln 1916. The British Columbia ap
pie growers, who now dominate the
market ln Canada, told tbe government that owing to the scarcity ot
labor caused by the war they had to
send outside for packers, and so the
government of the day came to their
relief and raised the duty 50c per
barrel and quite inadvertently, of
course, the apple growers forgot
that the war was over and they have
never since asked the government to
put the duty back at the old rate.
Loafing hens in the farm flock eat
the profits the busy biddies make.
Good poultrymen keep them just
long enough to cbnslgn them to a
bbutcher.
Use oats as a nurse crop for sweet
clover rather than barley. In either
case tlie nurse crop should* be seeded
at about one-half the normal rate of
planting.
Clover and alfalfa have about the
same effect ln building up the soil.
Both are good. Clover ls most generally used for that purpose, because
seed is cheaper and in many places
4t ia easier (o fet a stand ot clover.
higher and the Holland grower must
pa transportation charges, so surely
the Canadian -nurserymen ought to
be able to do pretty well on the
present rate of tariff protection,
which Is 15 per cent. Anyway, we
have a treaty with Holland and
whether we like'it or not we must
keep it and the nurserymen will have
to struggle along with things
hey are for at least five years more,
and we ought to be thankful for that
for it gives us our rosebushes
reasonable price for that period.
The Horticultural Council attempted to prove that between 1911 and
1921 (the census period) 85,000 people had been driven off the farms oi
Canada by increase in the Import of
fresh fruits. The contention can
bes be answered by quoting direct
from the closing argument ol R. J.
Deashment, who acted as counsel for
George Spence, of Maple Creek.Sask.,
In this particular case. Mr. Deaoh
ment said Mr. Burrows tells us that
fpom 1911 to 1921 we hare driven
85,000 people off the farms and gardens of Canada by Importing un excessive amount of iruit. Tbo figures
ln their application show the amount
of fruit imported. In 1911 we impor-
ed of a kind grown in Canada 04,557,
083 pounds. In 1921 the imports
were 65,634,794 pounds. Inother
wsord, the increase in importation in
that time was 1,077,711 pounds. If
we take the population at 8,000,000
and assume that lt did not change
during this period, it would mean
one-eighth of a pound per head repre
sents the increased consumption of
fruit 1 nl921, as compared with 1911.
It takes a very small apple to weigh
an eighth of a pound. , recall the
statement that the world fell because
Eve ate an apple. But here Ib a
statement from these gentlemen thut
35,000 people were driven off the
farms of Canada because the Canadian   consumer   in 1921 took a little
Even the onion growers wanted an
increase in tariff. Their argument
was that it would only cost the con?
sumers in Canada an additional million dollars a year for their onions.
It seems there are about 300 onion
growers in the Dominion. If we
could take from the people of the
Dominion-a million dollars in added
price for onions and give the million
to the 300 onion growers what a happy   old world lt would be!   But the
trouble is that some perfectly mean ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
people would come along afterward tiny bit of an apple more than he did
and ask for a tariff increase on   tbe  in 1911.
things that the onion grower needs, "But even that Is not all. I pro
and he would And noarly all his ex- pose to prove to you that Eve did not
its. loot taken away trom him. eat   this apple.   In 1921 the popuia I
Ous Rexin, aged 48 years, whose
family lives at the corner of Victoria
avenue and First street, committed
suicide Wednesday night by hanging
himself in a small vacant house on
First street. The body was discov.
ered in the morning b yonc of his
children and the police notified, lie
leaves a wife and a family of Beven
children in almost destitute circum- .
stances.
Yesterday Coroner Truax impan-
neled a jury consisting of Wm. Bon
thron, foreman, J. I). Campbell, J.
B. McDonald, G. E. Massle/E. C.
Henniger and Erne-t Harrison, and
un inquest was held over the remains. After hearing the evidence,
the jury returned a verdict of suicide.
Rexin has been acting.strangely
fro some time and he has been close
ly watched. Fear of poverty In his
declining years evidently prompted
him to commit the rash act.
The family moved to Grand
Forks from the prairies within the
past year. It is said that Rexin was
once a prosperous prairie fanner
with $4000 in the bunk. Then four
crop failures in succession overtook
him and he lost everything he hud.
Since coming here he has been un-
uble to make uny headway, and the
fear of poverty is the cause that can
be assigned for the act.
The funeral will be held on Sunday afternoon and interment will be
made in Evergreen cemetery.
tion was 22 per cent greater than it
was in 1911. We consumed in 1911
8.97 pounds of i mported fruit of a
kind grown in Canada. In 1921 we
imported 7.47 pounds, so that there
was actuully u decrease in consumption of fresh fruit in this period
of 1.6 pounds. If 85,000 people wero
driven off the farms in period then I
must .presume they driven off by the
decrease in the Importation of fruit!
Surely that is not the claim of the
applicant lor the increased tariff.
NO DELUGE.
"I recall the period in which this
happened—1911 to 1921. The population of Canada increased 22 per
cent. The importation of fruit increased 1.6 per cent. During this
sarnie period the total imports of
Canada went up from $452,000,000 to
$1,204,000,000, an increase of 173 per
cent. If you take the imports of
fruit and add to that the figures
given for tlieimportation of vegeta
bles Jou will find that combined imports went up to 16 per cent, while
our totalimports of allcommodities
went up 173 per cent. If fruit and
vegetable growers went out of business, they did not go out because of
any flood or deluge of fruit or vegetables coming into this country.
In fact in many cases there has
been a sharp reduction in imports of
fruit. In 1913 wc imported nearly
7,000,000 pounds of strawberries. In
1914 it was 7,104,000 pounds. In 1925
5,000,000 pounds; in 1926 3,168,000
pounds. Where there has been an
Increase In the importutlon of fruits,
it has heen in such commodities as
apricots, pears, of which wo are not
now producing sufficient to supply
the demand, and melons and grapes
which come in ut certnin seasons of
the year.
AND EXPORTS
"It Is unfair, however, to take Ihe
figures of imports alone in   studying
the trend of OUT fruit, trade. In 1911
wo exported fruit to the value of
$1,075,982. In 192« we exported $5,
050,916. Tlle export of vegetables,
whicli stood at slightly over a million
dollars iu 1911, had gone up lo over
10,000,000 in 1926, and it is Interesting to note that among these ex
ports in 192C were dried fruits to the
extent of nearly $10,000; pickles to
the value of $843,548; canned fruit to
tlie extent of $fifi8,000, making the
eX|K>rt. of canned, pickled and dried
fruit in 1!)2fi nlmost. equal to our to-
ta 1 exports Of all fruits In ldll; I
submit this as a measure of congrut
illation to the fruit growers of tbe
Dominion of Canuda. It by no means
indicutes that the industry Is declining or that It is dying from lack of
arlff protection.
WHAT HAS HAPPENED?
"When we get down to tho real
facts, What hus happened to the
fruit growers? Land values went
up the inflated pediod of 1920 and
1921. Many people purchased land
at that time. They are now faced
v.ith the 'ask of paying for It. II is
extremely difllcul t lor them to do so
(Continued on Pace 4> THE SUN: GRAND FORKS, BRITISH COLTTMBIA
3ttu> (Sratti. Jffnrka Bun
AH INDEPENDENT  NEWSPAPER
0. A. EVANS. EDITOR AHO PUBLISHER
rSTOUBSORIPTION RATES—PAYABLE IN ADVANCE
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) $1.00  Beira;
One Year (in the United SUtes)    1.50
Addresr -■■ ***—*—-'cations to _.«,
IHm Grand Pork- Sun
Phonii 101 Gbasd Forks, B. CJ
OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVENUE AND LAKE STREET.
to this country from Spain by way of Paris
, and London, was being hummed in Nairobi,
and it came to Bombay while he was there. A
listless yonth thumped it out of a piano in
Zanzibar; the Portuguese were dancing it in
a boy whistled it balf through the
night in Buluwayo, and in Capetown a broadcast station was singing "Yanlencia" tbrough
tbe ether.
FRIDAY, JANUARY 14, 1927
The Sun is constitutionally opposed to high
tariff walls.   In fact, it has  no use for any
tariff walls at all except as a means of raising
revenue to run the business of the country.
The most ardent lover of protection has never
yet dared to advocate anything higher than a
"brick for brick" wall.   That policy was decisively rejected by the Canadian people at the
late federal election    Respecting the present
tariff on fruit, the  Canadian grower already
has the advantage of a few more bricks in his
wall over tbe American grower    That should
be enougb to effect a cure of the  present ills
of tbe fruit industry, if they are cansed by the
tariff.    But the tariff is not responsible for the
sickness, and therefore tbe grower must look
elsewhere for a cure.    If the grower received
his just share of what the prairie" consumer
has to pay for it, he would havo no reason  to
blame the tariff for his misfortunes, nor to
spend his time and money in trying to get the
tariff raised.    The trouble  lay*-  between the
producer and the consumer.    Between these
two points a remedy is to be ft:und  that will
be as effective as increasing the tariff to a point
where it raises the price of the emmodity to
the consumer.   The co sumer is also a human
being, and is entitled  to some consideration.
Men  who call themselves marketing experts
should ba able to discover the immense leak
from the time the farm  product  leaves the
grower until it reaches the consumer    If they
can not tind  it, they have no business to set
themselves  up as  experts.    A    high    fence
around your cily lot is a spite fence against
your neighbors; a higb tariff wall around a nation is a spite wall against other nations.
Tbe first commercial shipment of Alaska
grown apples has been made. Boxes of a va
riety known as Yellow Transparent were sent
from Hope, on Turnagnin Arm, southeast of
Anchorage, to Anchorage. The trees on
whicb the apples were grown have been bearing for five years. Absence of blemishes od
the fruit were noticeable.
A colony of Italian bees, about 40,000
strong, has been installed in a glass observation hive in the Smithsonian Institution in
Washington. Within the hive itself, thousands
can be seen feeding the young, depositing
honey, making wax, or themseives eating. In
short, the exhibit presents an example of one
of the most perfect communai organization!!
known to nature.
Tlie Spice of Life
Wben Charles Darwin, the flmous
scientist, was visiting   the    country
house ot a friend, the two boys St the
family   thought  ihey   would play a
joke on him.   So they caught a butterfly, a grasshopper, a beetle and a
centipede, and out of these creatures!
they   made   a strange coo-jpbaite ft* '
sect   They    took    the     ssjntlpedi's}
body,   the   butterfly's   wings,    the
grasshopper's   legs   and the beetle's
head, and they glued tbem   together
carefully.   Then,    with    their    new
bug   in  a box, they knocked at Oar
win's door.
"We caught this bug in a field,"
they said. "Can you tell us what
kind of a bug it Is, Mr. Darwin?"
Darwin looked at the bug and
hen he looked at the boys. He
smiled slightly.
"Did you notice whether it hummed when you caught it, boys?" he
asked.
"Yes," they answered, nudging one
another.
"Then," said Darwin, "It's a humbug."
CITY REAL  ESTATE
FOR SALE
v, • Amplications for immediate purchiisb of Lots
and Acreage owned by the City, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Pricesi—-From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Termst—Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may bc seen at tbe
City Office.
JOHN A. HUTTON.
City Clerk.
Notes • Notions • Notables
Serfdom in England was finally abolished in
1660. For a century afterward colonists and
others on a visit to England were allowed to
bring their slaves with hem; but by a judgment of the queen's bench, in 1772, when an
attempt was made to regain possession of a
fugitive slave, it was decided that no man in
Great Britain could be held as a slave. An
act for the abolition of slavery throughoot the
British colonies was passed by the British
parliament, chiefly through the exertions of
Wilberfoiee, in 1833, and became effective on
August 1, 1834. Their owners were compensated by the British government to the extent
£20,000,000 (about $97,000,000) sterling.
Slavery was abolished in the East Indies, thi n
under tbe control ot the East India company,
in 1838. Great Britain had nothing to do
with slavery in South America or the Uniteu
States.
Round the entrance to a circus a
crowd of boys had gathered. A mnn
standing near them gazed at them
intently, and then walked up to the
ticket collector, saying: "Let all
these boys in, and count them as
they pass," said he, preceding them,
and speaking with an air of authority. The ticket collector passed!
them through, one by one.and then
turned to the man and said, ''Seventy-four, sir." "Thank you," said the
man, and marched on into the circus.
"I thought I'd guessed somewhere
near right," he said to" himself.
A small boy in the visitors' gallery
was watching the proceedings of the
senate chamber.
''Father, who is that gentleman?"
he asked, pointing to the chaplain.
"Thati my son, is die chaplain,"
replied his father.
"Does he pray for the senators?"
asked the boy.
"No, my son; when he goes ln he
looks around and sees the senators
sitting there, and then he prays for
the country."
J-f'EURITlS
A rare astronomical phenomenon, a tota
eclispe of the midnight sun, is forecast for
northern Sweden in the almanac for 1927
which has been published at the university
center at Upsala, Sweden. The event will
take place on June 29, when the sun is visible
all night north of the Arctic circle.
Three hundred and fourteen thousand vehicles
come daily into the thirty-five squaic blocks
of Chicago's "loop" between 7 a.m. and 11 p,
m„ a survey shows. Of these only 12,000 are
horse drawn, and city engineers propose to
bar these.
The Cross of the Legion of Honor is being
sought for a clerk in the Paris markets, Raymond Briez, 29 years of age, who recently underwent his one hundred and first operation
for blood transfusion. Medical men in Paris
regard ihe young Frenchman as a unique
specimen of manhood and several surgeons
call upon him regularly for blood. M. Briez
demands no compensation and asks no questions. He has saved the lives of a president
of a South American republic, a prince of a
European state and numerous poor workmen.
Tea, intellectnal discussions, manuscripts,
friends aud memories are the pleasures of
Frau Elizabeth Foerster-Nietzscne, the sister
of the philosopher, who rec ntly celebrated
her eightieth birthday. This kindly faced and
gentle-mannered lady, though sbe admittedly
never understood Nietzsche's lofty flights of
imagination, nevertheless showed remarkable
adaptability in helping to immortalize her
great brother's name, even studying philosophy after his death so as to be betterqualified
to popularize bis works.
The often*asked question of wnere do popular songs go after they have been worn
threadbare bere, nas been answered by a world
tourist who recently returned from India and
Africa.   He says that "Valencia," which came
Poems From EasternLands
Persia
The Simple Arab
From the solitary Deeert
Up lo Baghdad came a simple
Arab; there amid the rout
Grew bewilder'd oi the countless
People; hither, thither, running,
Comlbg, going, meeting, parting,
(junior, clatter, and confusion,
All about bim and about,
* Travel-wearied, bubbub-dizsy,
Would the simple Arab fain
Get to sleep—"Bui then, on waking,
How," quoth he, ''amid so many
Waking know My*elt again?"
So, to make the matter certain,
Strung a gourd about his ankle,
And into a corner creeping,
Baghdad and Himself and People
Soon were blotted from bis brain.
But one that heard bim and divined
His purpose, slily crept behind;
From lbe Sleeper's ankle clipping,
Round bis own tbe pumpkin tied,
And laid bim down to Bleep beside.
By and by, tbe Arab waking,
Looks directly for bis Signal-
Sees ft on another's Ankle—
Cries aloud, "Ob Good for nothing
Rascal to perplex roe -n|
That by you I am bewilder'd,
Whether I b*e I or nol
U I—the Pumpkin wby on You?
If You—tben Where am 1, and WJio?"
—Prom Salaman and Absal.
Prove&safe by millions and prescribed by physicians for
c^ncieni^Histoiy*
[Taken From Twenty-Year Old Sun Files ]
J. R Brown, ex M P.P. for Greenwood,
has been appointed county court judpe for
Grand Forks district, to succeed Mr. Justice
Clement, of this city, who has heen elevated
to the supreme court bench. The announcement of the appointment caused no surprise
in this section, as it had been expected for
some time.
Sheriff H C Kerman last Saturday received the writ of the provincial elections for
February 2, and the official notification of his
appointment as returning officer.
John Houston, the present member for Nelson, has wired the Spokesman Review from
GoIdEeld, Nev., that he will be an independent candidate for the British Columbia legislature from Ymir.
Mr. Plane (who is fond of dogs)-
"Miss Waite, don't   you   think   you
ought to have an intelligent   animal
about the house that -would   protect
you and—"
Miss Waite—"Oh, Mr. Plane! This
is so sudden!"
A negro vas charged with stealing
chickens.
"Have you any witnesses you wish
to call," asked the judge iu a grave
voice.
SanKbo threw out his chest -proudly.
"Ms»nlggah," he eald, nebbah
steals chickens in front ob witnesses.
A smhll girl asked her mother, "It
I grow up will I have a husband like
papa?"
"Yes, my dear," mother replied.
"And if I don't get married will I
be an old maid like Aunt Susan?"
"Yes," was the reply.
The little girl thought for a min
ute, put her hands to her head, and
said, "Well, I'm in a fix."
A Glasgow man told his wife that
he thought he was getting ahead at
last. "Well, heaven knows,'you need
one," she replied.
Generosity is not measured by how
much you give, but by how much
you have left after giving.
Johnny:   "Teacher, can anyone ibe
punished for something they   didn't
do?"
Teacher:   "Of course not"
Johnny:   "Well, I    haven't   done
my arithmetic."
"Why did you give the boy ln   the
cloakroom auch a big tip   when  jh
gave you your ooat?"
"Just look at the coat he gave me."
"Why did you Uke your little sis
ter-s chocolate, Dick? Why didn't
you ask her if you could have it?"
"I did, mummy, and she said I
couldn't."
"Oh, Qeorge," said the doctor's
wlfe, "and so you've actually saved
Mr. Million!"
"Yes," said the doctor. "I'm happy
to, say old Million is now out of dan
ger."
"Oh, - Oeorge, what a marvellous
doctoryou are! If I had only known
you seven years ago, I'm sure that
under your skillful treatment my
poor first husband tvoulfl have pulled
through." p
A mjan at a prohibition meeting
had worked himself up to a fine
pitch, and concluded by asking dra
matically: "What is theis), can anyone tell me, that causes more misery
than drink?" A single voice cut
across the silence, and said,"Thirst."
Neuritis Headache
Neuralgia Toothache
Colds Lumbago
Pain Rheumatism
DOES NOT AFFECT
THE HEART
m
WARNING!
Beware of Counterfeits
There is only one genuine
"ASPIRIN" tablet. If a tablet is offered as "ASPIRIN"
and is not stamped with the
"Bayer Cross'-refuse it with
contempt-it is not"ASPIRIN"
at all I Don't take chances I
Accept only  "Bayer" package
'f_^A^ which contains proven directions.
Handy "Bayer"  boxes  of  12 tablets
Also bottles of 24 and 100—Druggists.
Aspirin ls tho trado mark (rejlstcred In Canada) at Barer Manufacture, of llonoaceUa-
•oidester of Salicyliraeid (Acetyl Salicylic Acid, "A. S. A."). Whllo it ls well known
that Aspirin means Bayer manufacture, to assist the public s-ratnat Imitations, the Tablsti
of Bayer Company will be stamped with tbelr "reneral trade mark, the "Barer Cross."
fcg
DELICIOUS
and pxmn
cn.ll delicious, brilliant flavor of British-Columbia
beers is secured and maintained by the most
exacting care taken by the Amalgamated Breweries
in the brewing of the finest materials. Its purity
is guarded by precise analysis by independent, well
known chemists on behalf of the Government.
These analyses constantly proclaim it a pure and
healthful beverage.
Ct_*.
-m*
AMALOAMATBD Btewoks
" of BtituoColusobu. in whicli
ars SMCclstnl Use Vancouver
Bccwscies Ltd., Rainier Brt*in«
Campany of Css-ssda Ltd., West-
mJiisuiBreweryLtd.,lllver8pTi-g
IlievwryLld.sndVirt-llaPboen'i
BrewUs) Oo. Ltd.
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board or by the Government of British Columbia.
A lot of people think they are being honored when they are only being humored.
\WmmmmmKmmmmmmmmm*
■•a*-. -      ■
THE SUN prints .all the loeal \ news
-and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year
yiiiiiiiiiiyiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
i THE SUN: GRAND FORKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
Index of Canadian Pacific Coastal Service Growth
1. C. P. R'» base new pier at Vancouver,
The appointment of J. J. Forster.
which has recently been announced to the position of Stcani-
•hlp General Passenger Agent tit
Vancouver marks another step ln
the wonderful growth of the Cana:
dian Pacific service on the Pacific
Ocean.
•Mr.   Forster'S  advancement  frorh
the time he joined the Pacific Ocean
service in 1913, has been coincident
with the growth of the Port of Vancouver. Up until that time the Company's shipping business had come
dli'ectly under the Railways department,-but with Mr. Forster's appointment as General Asent at Vancouver,
at the time when the Empress of
R'issia and the Empress of Asia were
aaded lo the Pacific fleet, a new de
partment wae formed, the Canadian
Pacific Ocean Steamships.
More recently the Empress of
Canada and the Empress of Australia
began to run on the Pacific to meet
the- increasing traffic. A further
Indication nf the tremendous growth
of the port was the opening this fall
ol a new pier that bas now put Vancouver on the level with the greatest ports of the world.
NEW OIL-ELECTRIC CAR ON CANADIAN NATIONAL
ARRIVAL in* Western Canada of
the new Canadian National
Railways oil-electric car on an: endurance run from Montreal to
Vancouver under its own power,
and its subsequent return to Edmonton' where It was placed in
service on the Edmonton-Vermilion
run, replacing a mixed train service, has created much interest
among railway men and the travelling public generally.      The new
car, shown above, carries approximately 60 passengers, in addition
to baggage and express, and made
a record run to Vancouver. Other
cars of similar type, and also of an
articulated type, carrying 120 passengers, have peen placed in service in Eastern Canada, where
they aro .giving excellgnt service
at reduced operating cost.. More
cars are now being built and others
are to be sent to the west for
branch-line service. The car operates on electricity, generated by
a fuel oil engine'of airplane type,
and the,working out of this method
of traction by Canadian National
engineers gives promise of great
reduction in fuel and operating
costs. Each of these cars is cap.
able' of handling a trailer '• wbei
necessary.
■■"■' .■    ■'   '■ ■'
The New Immigration in Canada
/
t
Immigration    to   Canada   is    recognised   today- as one of' the
country's greatest If not its greatest
economic asset.  Authoritative state-
.... ments  on  the  subject  have  been
made to the  effect  that  Internal
.problems confronting Canadian people today can, practically without exception, be solved by greater population. Writing in a recent issue of the
Dalhousle Review, Mr. E. L. Chi-
: canot of Montreal, special publicity
Sipresentative in the Department of
olonizatlon and Development of the
Canadian Pacific Railway, strikes a
most optimistic note concerning recent Immigration to Canada. His
article entitled "The New Immigration" is one of. the most comprehensive that has been written on the
lubject. Mr. Chicanot, who was in
close touch with the development of
Canadian population during the post-
Ear period, states that the era of
-w->n»iTian immigration opened up in
„.e spring of 1926 was essentially a
new immigration In explanation
he goes on to say: r. 1-,
"The years, since Jhe yar hftfe
served to bring out a virtual revolution in nearly every phase of the
matter, as actually for.the.nrst time,
immigration became a public question
received the thought and attention it
deserves from the people of Canada,
and was realized to be of first national
moment. - Immigration to.'Canada in
the Vears before the war might
roughly be compared to a broad
stream pouring into-thje Dominion and
spreading out 'uncontrolled in . all
directions.     ~- -*'
"The war ended, and a great
popular influx from Europe'was expected, for Canada. It nevex took
place, largely because the tMhd was
discouraged, at the outset. Canada—
unlike Australia—then regarded immigration as a possible fresh problem
instead of an economic remedy. The
Canadian Pacific Railway which,
in expectation of a heavy post-war
movement, had organized a colonization department, most keenly appreciated the .change which, had eome
over conditions in-general throughout
the country  «ad the  necessity of
FROM EVERYWHERE
More Clydesdales are on the way
to Canada from Scotland. It is expected that the year's imports will
run to 120, a record since the war.
taking a different view- of immigration. The days of surging flow had
passed, probably never to return in
the same way, and in any case such
an haphazard inundation was hardly
desirable."
. Mr. Chicanot then describes the
great immigration work being carried
out by scores of immigration societies
in Canada which came into existence
through the hew interest of the
Canadian people in immigration. Aa
the result of supervision through
these many societies the type of immigrants to Canadian shores waa
greatly improved. "With the various
channels beginning to act", continues
Mr. Chicanot. "each pouring its
trickle of new life blood into Canada
the railway—equally solicitous ss to
keeping these people in the Dominion
after arrival—directed attention to
the other end of the horn, and set
about turning the new popular interest in immigration to practical
account. People actuated not alone
by the national good, but also by •
Sride in their own locality and a
esire to see it prosper and expand,
had merely to have the means pointed
out to them in order that their
natural sympathy for the newcomer
migbt take practical form."
Over a million Christmas trees
have been shipped from New Brunswick to United States markets,
according to unofficial estimates
based on exports of some 500 carloads averaging 2,000 trees to the
car.
About 150 French-Canadians from
the Prairie Provinces travelling
under the auspices of the "Surviv-
anre Francalse," arrived in Montreal
by special Canadian Pacific Railway
train at the Windsor Street Station
recently to spend Christmas and
New Year in the province of tbeir
origin.
According to a recent statement
of E. W. Beatty, Chairman and
President of the Canadian Pacifie
.Railway, the record of the railway's
common stock as at June 80th, 1926,
indicates that 52% per cent is held
in Great Britain, 19% per cent, in
Canada and 19 per cent, in tbe
United Statea.
All previous records have been
broken by the salmon pack in British Columbia for 1926. It is estimated that the total pack for this
year, when all returns are ln, will
be, in round figures, 1,900,000 cases.
The nearest approach to this was in
1924, when slightly more than 1,700,-
000 cases were put up.
Early in June next year, it ia announced, a regular airplane service
between Chicoutimi, Montreal and
Toronto will be inaugurated by the
Canadian Transcontinental Airways
Company—a corporation which has
just received its letters patent The
airplanes or hydroplanes will make
stops at Riviere du Loup, Quebec,
Three Rivers, Montreal and Ottawa.
Nearly a ton of mistletoe wasted
its sweetness on the Eveless air of
the Canadian Pacific Express Company's yards in Montreal at Christmas time. It arrived from France
and England via the Canadian Pacific steamship "Montnairn," and
was boxed in twenty-two crates, of
which twelve were destined for New
York and the balance for distribution in this city.
Two hundred and ninety-four vessels of 55,296 gross tons and 42,928
net tons, were built in Canada ahd
registered during the year 1925,
according to the Department of
Marine and Fisheries. Wood vessels
built consisted of 140 sailing, 9
steam and 182 motor, and metal vessels of 6 sailing and 8 steam. Of
the total tonnage 21,448 was attributable to British Columbia, 11,250
tons to Ontario, 7,670 tons to Quebec and 2,102 to Nova Scotia.
4
United States settlers continue to
cross the border in large numbers
despite the lateness of the season.
November figures issued by the Department of Immigration and Colonization show that the Government
Agency at Fargo, N.D., forwarded
123 settlers and seven cars of effects,
compared with' 105 settlers and four
cars in the same month last year.
The Kansas City Agency sent 46
settlers, as compared with four last
year and the Detroit Agency sent
sixty, an increase of over 200 per
cent, over November, 1925.
February will see the winter
sports at the carnival at its height,
at the Chateau Frontenac, Quebec.
On the 4th and 6th the foremost
speed racers In America wlU compete in the Canadian Indoor Speed
Skating Championship for all distances and ages. Hockey, snow-
shoeing, bobsled racing, ski-ing, will
be going on every day of the month,
but the outstanding event will be the
Eastern International Dog Sled
Derby, February 21-28, which will
cover the 120 miles-of the race at
the rate of 40 miles a day. Teams
from the United States' and Canada
will compete, - and it is understood
there will be a woman competitor in
the race.
The silo is a pasture in miniature.
Those who can'ti have green pastures the year roundr and most people can't—should think of the silo as
being a substitute.
The best corn and hay crops will
count tor littlene when fed to animals that make returns below the
market price for these crop!.
Fertilizer tests show that the use
of acid phosphate nearly doubled the
yield of alfalfa.
Perhaps no soybean has been found
which has the all-around value of the
Manchu.
DO YOU WANT
THE PEOPLE
TO READ YOUR
ADVERTISEMENT
People take The" Sun
because they believe
it is worth the price we
charge for it. It is
therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents, including
advertisraents. This
is not -always the case
wifh newspapers that
are offered as premiums with chromos or
lottery tickets
WE DO NOT
WANT CHARITY
ADVERTISING-
Advertising "to help
the editor." But we do
want businessadvert is-
ing by progressive business men who know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If you have something to offer the public that will ^benefit
them and you as well,
the newspaper reaches
more people than a bill
board
SUN READERS
KNOW WHAT
THEY WANT
ard if you have the
goods jyou can do business with them THB SUN: GBAND FOBKS* BRITISH COLUMBIA
Unvarying' Quality
"MIMA"
TEA .
That Is why people insist on Salada.
NEWS OFTHE CITY
1 After two days of earnest discussion, the members of the British
Columbia Fruit Growers' association,
at the annual convention ln Kelowna
this week, declared ln favor of a committee of direction with absolute
control of the movement of the fruit
and vegetable crops.
Mrs. A. D. Brookes has recovered
sufficiently from influenza and pneumonia to return to her home from
the Orand Forks hospital.
Mr. and Mrs. Bernlzer, Miss A.
MdEwen and Miss Hattie Gaw left
on Sunday fir a motor car trip to
California.
Onr member, D. McPherson, left
for Victoria last Thursday to attend
the session of the legislature. Mrs.
'McPherson and the children accom
panied him to the capital.
E. F. Laws was elected director for
this district at the annual meeting of
the British Columbia Agricultural
association ln Kelowna this week.
The annual bonspiel opens at. the
local curling rink tonight. Rinks
froml Osoyoos, Greenwood and the
Kootenay will take part in the event.
Grand Forks high school won both
the basketball games from Republic
in the old opera house tonight.
The Kettle Valley game reserve,
one of the largest sanctuaries of wild
life in the province, has been can-
called by order in council, according
to a Victoria report. The game board
Officials found that the reserve was
interfering too much with miners,
prospectors and settlers in the Ket
tie valley district, as it prevented
them from havingng firearms in
their possession, and prohibited all
hunting. Increasing population in
the district affected made the continuance of the reserve desirable.
Residents complained * that the ex
istenoeof the reserve was a hardship
on them).
NOTICE
1927 Bog Taxes are now due   and
payable at the City Ifflce or to
DAN  R.   DOCKSTEADER,
Chief of Police.
Static Gan Set
Your Car,Afire
—And Worse
"There is a great deal to be said
on both sides," said the would-be
peacemaker mildly.
"Possibly," replied the self-opin
lonated bounder; "but what's to be
said on the other side doesn't interest me."
"Pa," said young Billy, "What's a
golf hazard?"
And his wise parent replied:
"Some of the stuff that's handed
around in the locker-rooms, son."
BT  ERWIN   GREER
Static -was ln evidence long before
the birth of the radio. And wher
ever tbere is friction—there ls static.
Brushing the car on a cold uight tb
produce sparks proves that, as does
your hair when you run a rubber
comb through it. And because of
static all gasoline trucks trail a
chain. And because of gasoline static sparks cause fearful fires and -explosions.
Gasoline rushing through a hose
at a gasoline filling station generates static, which passes through
the metal nozzle into the metal parts
of the automobile, where it is stored
up because the rubber tires Insulate
the auttoirtobile from the ground.
Touching the car with any conductor
of electricity will cause the static to
be discharged. The hand of the at
tendant at the filling station or thh
hose nozzle as it Is withdrawn from
the gas tank may supply such a conductor. Many fires and explosions
have occurred ' under these conditions. Former accidents . of this
kind were attributed to the backfire
from the motors, but those who
have studied it are certain that the
cause was static.
Static generated by the rubbing of
silk garments In.the cleaning establishments has been known to cause
damaging fires. Gasoline dealers
draw off static charges from their
trucks by supplying them with metal
chains which trail on the ground and
convey any static generated tp the
earth.
Static is described as lightning in
miniature, and like lightning, hurls
its spark at uneixpected times, and
places. For that specific reason can
be offered as a safeguard against its
danger. Tet the average car owner
will do well to observe a few, general
precautions.
Don't allow uncovered gasoline to
stand where. sparks—trom static or
other causes—may ignite the fumes.
Guard against the spilling ot gaso
line in your home or garage. Its
fumes are heavier than air and are
not carried off by the ordinary circulation of the atmosphere.
Carefully ventilate any' Inclosed
place where gasoline fumes have
been allowed to escape.
Higher Fruit Duties
(Continued from Page 1)
nnder present conditions and so they
reach out the pathetic hand and say,
'Permit us to take aome money from
thousands of others who. are exactly
ln the same position and thus save
ns by hurting others.'
"Then there Is another factor whieh
operated against the Canadian fruit
grower. At the very time that he
waa confronted with this difficulty
the growlers of citrus and tropical
fruits developed cooperative marketing and put on a heavy.campaign for
increasing the consumption of those
fruits. Imports of these fruits Increased from 130 to 300 per cent,witb
an average of 175 per cent during
the period covered. We war* told
to eat oranges and keep np onr pop,
to eat raisins and get iron in onr
blood, that lemons would give us
produced results, but the fruit.growers of Canada, and especially of the
province of Ontario, did nothing—
they were waiting for the tariff to
help them out The remedy pro
posed is no remedy at all. It could
only result in one thing. It would
increase the selling price of Canadian fruit nad in this way still further
increase the sale ot tropical fruit.
Apples are now being offered tor sale
in the city of Ottawt at .three for a
quarter. Tou can hardly buy any
restaurant in the city a baked ' apple
or apple sauce. Always you are offered oranges or banans—you are
offered these • because 1) is more
profitable to sell than lt ls to sell
Canadian fruits. The proposed
remedy would lnot 'be a benefit; lt
would be an injury to every fruit
fruit grower ln Canada."
DONALDSON
;   GROCERY
' Pfame SO
S
Try our Special Tea
at. 65c per lb
Slides, Shirts, Overalls
Good values for your
money.
■   ■    -
Call and see us before
purchasing.
Northern Ontario has 2,600,000
square miles of mineral lands, of
-rhich otsly 7 per cent, has been exploited; and yet this seven per cent,
has already produced metals tp the
value of a billion dollars. Such was
the summing up of George C. Bate-
man, Secretary of the Ontario Mining Association, speaking before the
Engineers' Club.' "Twenty years
ago," he reminded his hearers,
"Northern Ontario was practically
an unknown wilderness. Today it
is the centre of a large and growing industry."
JOHN DONALDSON
General Merchant
S.T.HULL
Established 19141
RealKstate and Insur nnce
Resident Agent Grnuil Forks Ton-site
a        Company. Limited
Farms     jOrcliuril»     City Proper tj
Agents at Nelson, Coin ary, \Ylhiili cs .,„•■
other Prairie points.  Vancouver A trait* :
PENDEKIN       TMBNTS
BATTKNUl* - LANDS ITU,
Batrbllsheil In 1910. we ars> i ii s. position  io
urnlih reliable information (-oueer'.in» this
lllstrlet.
Writs' Ior (reo llteiatnre'*
Get Your
Groceries
i- at the
CITY GROCERY
Phone 25
'-Service and Quality"
=B=*====Bm     '
Native (to stranger): "There goes
the lightweight champion of . our village."
Stranger:   "Pugilist,  eh?"
"No—the village butcher."
■'How iB it, Bridget, that I saw you
treating your young man to my cake
and pie last night?"
"Because Oi thought ye was aslape
mum."
Giving Wings
to Friendship
The long distance telephpne gives wings
to friendship. It enables the human
voice to be carried along wires at a
speed of thousands of miles per second
without losing any of its cordiality. The
special night rates after 8:30 p.m. are
advantageous for social chats.
British  Columbia Telephone
Con? pany
A combined service to the Canadian Pacific Railway Company of
140 years was terminated January
let with the retirement from the
activities of travelling passenger
agents of Henry R. Ibbotson, Ambrose E. Lalande and James McKen-
na. The official records of the
Company indicate that these three
well-known officials have served respectively, 44, 63 and 43 years, in
the employ of the Company. The
railway careers of these men began
in eaeh ease during the construction
of the Canadian Pacific lines from
the north shore of. Lake Superior
west to tht Pacific Coast.
To further assist agricultural development the Canadian- Pacifie
Railway will operate forage, crop,
seed, poultry distribution and demonstration ears in the Alberta district, starting this January. Following the practice of previous
years the company will co-operate
with the Provincial Government,
aays Thomas S. Acheson, General
Agricultural Agent, Western Lines
of the C.P.R. The-special cars will
centre upon Lethbridge, ranging between tbe international boundary
and Calgary, eastward to Lacombe
and the Saskatchewan boundary, and
west fo Red Deer and Rocky Mountain House.
A. E. MCD0U6ALL
CONTAAGtOR AND BUILDER
..    AiSc-nt
J-piuinio-n Monumentol Words
CDAsbeslos P-rad nets Co. Knofin il!
3ESTIHJAIESFURNISNED
BOX 33?    ■    ' 6fiANOfOHKS. BM
K. SCHEER
Wholesale and Retail
TOBACCONIST
ealer ip
Havann Cigars, Pipes
Confectionery
CHEVROLET
See the new Superior Chevrolet betore yuu buy a
car. there are more cents in the CHOVROLET
DOLLAR than iu any other automobile dollar.
CHEVROLET Touring  $885
" Roadster     885
•       ■-.«•.' Coacb  1080
* .'• Coupee  1080
8edan    1200
" Land-Ma Sedan   1250
" Ona-ton Truci    935
GRAND FORKS GARAGE
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand Forka. B.C.
PICTURES
"GOVBHNMBNT LIQUOR ACT."
NOTICB OF APPLICATION FOR
BBER LICENCE.
VTOTICB is HBKKBY GIVEN that on th*
*** Mh day of February next th* un-
derata-neil Intends to apply to lbe Liquor
Control Hoard for a licence In respect of
premisesbelngfpart of tha building-known
aa Ih* "B. c." Hotel, situate at Caaraoa, H.C.,
upon lhe Inn's desorlbed as T/Ot No. On* (1)
Block Twenty (20). Hap No. Eight (8). Cascade
B.«., Kamloops Land Und R*glstry Ul '
sion In the Provinoe of BrltUh Column...,
for the sal* of bear by th* (la«s or by tha
open bottle for consumption on Ihe premises.
Dated this Uth day ot January. M21.
PETER WALTER LAB 'EN,  -
Applicant.
DBPABTMENT OF LANDS
NOTICB
APPLICATIONS   FOB   GRAZING    PER,
MIT8 FOR THB SEASON OF 1»47
APPLICATIONS |for permits lo erase live
stook on ths Crown range within any
Oramlng ODMWol of the Province of British
Columbians**** be filed with the DUtrlot
Foresters* Fort Qeorge, Kamloops. Nelson,
Prloe* Rupert. Vanoouver, and Williams
Lake on or before Harch Slst, 1027.
Blank forms upon which to submit applications may be obtained from the District Foresters at th* above named places, or  from
the Dapartmaut ol Lend*. Victoria, B O.
.   G.B. NADBN,
Deputy Mlnistger of Lands.
Department of Lands,
Victoria, B.C.,
January 'th, 1927.
AND PICTURE FRAMING
Furniture Mado to Order.
Also Repairing bf all Kinds;
Upholstering Neatly Done
R. G. MoCDTCHBON
DON'T HESITATE!
PHONE 101R
A oomplete line of .Colored bonds
in all shades for fapsjy letterheads
and other classes of commercial
printing.  Ban Job Department.
Did you ever notice that business
firms who think that they*can reach
Tbe Sun's readers through other
publication* bave' a great deal of
leisure time that might be more
profitably employed! A number of
such firms bave involuntarily retired
from business. .    ' .
E.C. Henniger Co.
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Cement and Plaster
Poultry Supplies
Grand Forks, IJ. C.
Classic blank cards for Ussy in-
vitatiODeand announcement* Sun
Job Department.
THl'J value of well-
priated, neat appearing stationery as
a means of getting and
holding desirable business has bcen amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
elsewhere.
Wedding invitations
Ball programs
Business cards
VirlHng cards
Sh'] ~hig tags
Letterheads
Statements
Noteheads
Pamphlets
Price lists   ,
Envelopes       ,
Billheads
Circulars
Dodgers
Posters 7- '■'■  A
Menus
iM
Latest Style
Faces
THE SRJN
•SIomMst Aram* *u>
fekeSttwet
TELBPHCNE
R101
GRAND F'SRKS
Transfer Co.
DAW 8 HANSEN. Prop*
City Baggage and General
Transfer
Coal,  Wood and   Ice
(or Sale
Office  at  R.  t.  Petrle-a Store
Phone 64
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty"
^i1
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yale Hotrl,  First  iui-kt
SYNOPSIS OF
LANDACTAMENDMENTS
PRE-EMPTIONS
Vacant uiireserveilt'surw-ycd Grown lands
may be pre-empted by lirlti b subjeots over
18 years of nni-, uml by aliens ou declaring
Intention to become British subjects, conditional upon retl leii!>". -Msoupatlou and Int.
proveiiient for agricultural purposes.
Pull Information cout'eriliin; re"tliatlolia
regarding pro emotions ia iflveii in Bulletin
No. I, Ltin ISeries."iluw to Pre-eutpl l,ami,"
copies of wllicli ~au Iseutitaiue ,1 freciof ill urge
by addressing Use Deportment of Land*,
Victoria, B.C., or an j Government Ak'ent.
Keoords will bc made covering only laud
suitable for agricultural purposes, and wblcb
is not tluiberluud. i'e„ carrying over 5.OU0
board feet per acre wen of tue Cuaet Kuiige
and 8 IKK) feet per aure east of that range.
C»i>pH*»tlous for p-e-emptlons are to ba
addressed to the Laud Commissioner ol tha
Land Recording Division. In wbleli the land
applied fo.r is situated.ami are male ou
printed forms, copies of i:,n be obtained
from the Laud Commissioner.
Pre-emption-) must be oooupled for Are
yearaand Improvements mada to value of IM
Sor store, including olottriug anil cultivating
■I least five acres, before a Orown Urant ean
bereoflved.
For more detailed in tormauou aee the' Bnl •
latin "How to Pre-empt Laud." '
PURCHASE
Applicationsaru received for purchase of
vaoant and unreserved Crown Lands, uol bains timberland, for agricultural purposes!
minimum price olllnt-class (arable) laud Is
IS per aore. and secmid-class (graslng) laud
f '.SU peraore. Fnr.her Information regard-
Ing purchase or lease of Crowu lands la given
Ih Bulletin No. 10, Land Series. "Puichase aud
Lease ol prowu Lands."   .
Mill, factory, or'iudnjitrlal sites on timber
land, not' exoeediug 40 aores, may be pur*
chased or leaaed, on oondltions luelndlpg
payment of stumpage
HOMESITE LEASES
. Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding SS aent,
may be lease*! as h'om'«slt«'s,'conditional upou
a dwelling being e acted. In ■ the first year,
title being obtainable after residence and
improvement conditions sre f ululled and Uud
haa been surveyed.
■•■■'.        '■". LEASES .->
.'•'• '   -.-■'   -■-' *.       ,, i
. Tor graaing and Industrial purposes areas
not exosedlng "MO acres may be leased by-one
person or aeompatiy.
f GRAZINQ. j
V'ndet the .(.raxing Act the Provlnee It
divided ltitogreelinr districts aud the range
administered under a Oraxlng .Commissioner. Annual graaing permits * ere
iaaued bawd ou numbers ranged, priority being given to established ownera. Stoek
owner* may form associations for range
management. Free, or partially free, permits
are available for settler*, -tampers) snd
travellers up to ten bead.   "*       '

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