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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Feb 20, 1925

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You can dodge responsibilities, but you can not dodge the results of your dodging
Hon. William Sloan Believed to Be the Man
Who Will Say When the
Election Is to Be Held
in Grand Forks-Greenwood
Legislative Library
—Tell tae whet you Knew ii tra»
I an Sams u well u yoa."
Vietoris, Feb. 19.—There will be
no by-election in Dewdney nntil
•her the next session ol tha legipn
latnre, according to a statement ol
Premier Oliver today. Tbis is, ol
course, subjeot to the possibility ol
an appeal Irom the decision unseats*
ing -J. U. CatU-srwood and presuming that the court oi appeal upholds
the decision ot Mr. Justice D. A
Premier Oliver also talked Grand
Forks Qreenwood by-eleceion and
contributed something more to tbe
geosra) obluscation by declaring
that fro "speaker's warrant"Jo*, yet
heen filed loi the reason that none
it military in a case where a member dies before he has taken his seat
hi the home. There is, therefore,
Mthing in the way ol an election
at any time the government
but he gave no indication
when that might be.
That it will not be lor eome time
yet is indicated by the premier's an-
aoincemeot lhat arrangements are
Voder way lor a special court ol
revision to sit April 6. The election
tnight take place at any time there
alter, with allowance lor the neoea-
•ary proclamation ol tbe revised
Hon. William Sloan has returned
from a trip up country and it is be*
lieved her-- tbat be looked over the
situation in Qrand Forks and that
he is tbe man who will eay when
the election is to ba Md.
the Ontario Agricultural college,
large plump se-d oats produced a
yield of 62 bushels per aore, weighing 3S.2 pounds per bushel, while
small seed gave a yield of 46.6 bosh-
•Is, weighing 81.8 pounds per
bushel It was louod, furthermore,
that an incjeaee of tbree and a hall
to six and one-half bushels in lavor
ol plump eeed lor other classes ol
grain resulted Irom similar tests. At
tbe University ol Saskatchewan,
light and shrunken grain produced
65.3 bushels per acre, unpleaned
seed 56.7 bushels per acre, while
grain once cleaned produced a yield
ot 58.3 bushels. The estimated annual loss ol twelve million dollars
by not using treatment lor smut in
western Canada, represents only a
small percentage ol tbe actual loss
osueed by not giving attention to
tbe otber points enumerated. —Q. D
Matthews, Indian Ilead Experimental Farm.
Do You Remember
Cross-words Pest: "Quick, somebody give me a word ot six letters
meaning quiet."
Chorus: -Shutup?"
Seed Grain
Canada will require approximate*
ly ninety million bushels ot seed
grain lor the 1925 orop. Since yield
is materially influenced by tbe kind
ol seed -own, it is important that
tha latter receive due consideration
as to ohoice and preparation. In
-tbs preparation oi seed gain, the
•leaning machine used must bs very
earelully regulated. The scarcity ol
good grain in the west this ysar
makes it desirable thst those wbo
have to boy seed do not deter action
tea long.
The essential characteristics ol
good sud are good quality, a high
degree ol purity, strong vitality and
Ireedom trom disease.
Good quality in seed grain implies
« plamp, bright, sound, disease Iree
sample. Froien grain ia not usually
sate to use as seed, neither is grain
which ie heated or bin burnt. Tbe
■ame is trus ol seed in wbioh
sprouting hss occurred. The effect
•f srsathering snd ol rust must also
bs eonsideied. Purity in seed grain
naturally is ol prime importance.
▲II weed seeds must be removed.
Ths presence ol otber classes ol
grain, suoh as osts in w-heat, should
•Uo bs earelully avoided, as should
also different varieties ol the same
hind. Vitality in seed grain must
bs higb and strong and no seed
should be used beiore it has proven
itself by caretul germination. Freedom Itom disease suoh as smut oan
he assued only through the use ol
fropsr treatments such as the
formalin treatment lor loose smut
•I eats and oovered or stinking smut
Ths question ol the variety to be
sowa ia another matter worthy of
ssrious sosf-jderatioo. Standard va-
■sties ot p-roveo worth in a particular district shonld be used. Wbere
doubt exists, reliable information
•as he secured Irom )be n arest ex-
-ssiimsntal larm or agricultural college.
In a seven-year test oonduoted at
Tbe winter months afford tbe beekeeper an excellent opportunity of
increasing his knowledge of bees
and bee management through read
ing. There are, at tbe present time,
so many good books and journals
devoted entirely to beekeeping, tbe
beginner ie often at a loss which to
choose 0 B. Qooderham, Dominion
apiarist, recommends one ol the following for gen ral reading: ''The
Honey Bee," by Langstroth and
Dadant; "Beekeeping," by Dr.
Pbillfps, or "Productive Beekeeping," by Frank C. Pellett. In addition * to ooo of these, every beekeeper should have a copy of "A.B.
C. and XYZ. of Beekeeping,"
whicb is the best reference book obtainable, as it deals with practically
every phase ol beekeeping and has,
in addition, special articles lor be.
gioner. These books oan be purohased from any dealer in bee supplies.
It is also advisable tbat the beginner subscribe to at least one good
bee journal; any one ol the following can be recommended. The Bee*
keeper, published at Peterboro, Ont
price 91 per year; Tbe Western
Gardener and Beekeeper, Winnipeg,
Man., price tl per year; the American Bee Journal, Hamilton, 111.,
y ice tl .50; Greanings in Bee Col.
tnre, Medina, Ohio, price $1.15,
and lor the French reader,L'Abeille,
Casier Postal 176, Quebec, Que.,
price tl.
The beginner ie also 'advised to
obtain tbe following Dominion Experimental Farms bulletins and circulars: Bulletin No. 33, Beea and
How to Keep Them; Bulletin No.
22, Wintering Bees io Canada; Circular No. 105, Bee Diseases; Circular No. 62, Facts About Honey;
Circular No. 18, Beekeeping in Canada. Tbese may be had tree upon
application to either tbe Publications Branch, Department of Agriculture, or the Bee Division,Central
Experimental Farm, Ottawa.
A report, evidently started by
enemies ol tbe provincial government, has been in circulation during!
the past few days to tbe effect that
Canadian c tizene are being discriminated against on the roadwork
at present being carried on near tbe
the city. It is alleged, in fact, that
Canadians are being replaced by
The Sun has enquired into this
charge and has found it to be abso
lutely false.
Tbe method of employing men
.on the government roads in this district at present is as follows: Whenever a man makes application to the
general foreman for work his name
is placed on a list, and when his
turn comes he is put to work. There
are at present/about sixty names on
the list from Qrand Forks alone.and
a proportionate number of applicants from other towns in the district. Owing to the number of applications, the general foreman has
found it necessary to limit tbe
number of days of emplpyment
given each person to fifteen, except
in oases ot extreme needs, bnt no
questions are asked applicants regarding their political affiliations.
The Doukhobor Btory may have
had its origin 4n some nairow-
minded brain because recently tbree
Russians were given employment on
the roadwork. These men are Can*
adian citizens, tbeir names are on
tbe voters' list, and tbeir families
are in dire need of the bare necessaries of life. Their names were on
tbe general foreman's lists and tbey
were put to work in the order in
whicb they appeared jd the list.
The Ladies' Auxiliary Liberal
association held a very pleeeant
card party this evening in the Liberal committee rooms on Bridge
street. Tbere was a very large at.
tendance, and it was quite evident
hat if the crowd keeps up thepresent
pace of growth the association will
soon be compelled to get larger quarters for these social gatherings K.
Scheer won the first gentlemen's
prize, and Mrs. W. J. Cook tbe first
ladies' prize. Refreshment were
served, and a very enjoyable evening was spent by tbose who were
The following is the minimum
and maximum temperature for each
day during thc past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on B. F. Law's ranch:
Max.    Min.
Feb. 13—Friday  37        19
14—Saturday  37        21
16—Sunday  88 21
16—Monday  37 19
17—Tuesday .1.   36 17
18—Wednesday  38 20
19—Thursday  38 26
Officers on the reserve anr* retired
list, Canadian militia, residing in
the province of British Columbia,
are nosified tbat tbey should report
in writing to the D.O.C., M.D. II,
Victoria, B.C., on or before the 1st
April in eacb year, giving address
for the current yaar, this in order
that their names be retained in tbe
milttia list. Tbis also applies to
officers formerly R.O. and R.L., C.
B.F., as those lists have been absorbed into tbe R.O. and R. L., CM.
Vigilance is the price of a
If you can't go to Europe   to
Kaintall 00 j study the grand manners, you can
Snowfall 00 observe floorwalkers.
By Erwin Qreer.President Greer College of Automobile Engineering.
Qet acquainted with the inside of
your motor car. Study its characteristics. Get into the habit of looking
after it personally as much as pose
sible. By so doing you will get the
most out of your automoble and
you will find a new satisfaction in
owning a car.
Gasoline, oil and square treatment
is all tbat any .car asks to give long
and satisfied service.
In this day of simplified mechanics the average owner is too
often in the habit of allowing tbe
car to take of itself. As a matter of
fact, there ia necessity for mechanical knowledge ln the actual operation. Expert engineers have so dee
signed the car tbat women can drive
it as well as men. Nevertheless, tbe
owner who simply knows how to
start bis own car, regulate its speed
and then stop it, while he may
never be called on for further
knowledge concerning its working,
is losing a lot of pleasure which he
could have at no expense.
There are thousands of owners
who pay absolutely no attention to
the inside of their car, and run it
until it stops, no matter how great
a strain tbe machine ls operated
under. It is tbat class of owners
who complain about the maintenance cost of their car.
Tbey not only fail to get comfortable riding and they not only lose
time while their car is being ren
paired at some garage, but they lose
the keen enjoyment which one
should get out of owning a perfect
piece of mechanism.
If every owner studied bis maa
^ ^[By* Grandpa] ?*•*/;
\~When eggs were 10c a dozen and
milk was 5c a quart, when the butcher
gave away soup bones and liver and
treated the kids to bolongs, and the
hired girl got $2 a week and did the
When women didn't play   bridge,
poker, or gamble or powder and pain-).;
Iwhen they didn't smoke, go without
woolen underwear, and when they
didn't tangle t'ddle nor shake the
When men wore whiskers ' and
boots, chewed tobacco, spit on the
sidewalk and cussed; when beer was
5c glass and lunch was free)
When laborers worked ten hours a
day and never went on strikel
When no tips were given waiters
and you didn't have to give tbo hat
checker money to get your hat baek
after you had pa d three times as
much for a meal as it was worth?
When a coal ttovo in the parlor, a
kerosene lamp hanging in the sitting
room, and the family horse and buggy
in the stable represented tiie height
of wealth and luxury?
When no one had ever heard of
miceobes or calorics; no one had ever
undergone an operation for appendicitis, and monkey glands had absolutely no commercial value?
"When folks lived to be a good old
age and every year walked miles to
wish their friends a Merry Christmas?
Everyone rides in automobiles or
Hies in aeroplanes, plays golf, poker,
bridge, cooncans and shoots craps.
Everyone goes nightly to the movies, listens to grand opera on the
Victrola or listen-in to the whisper
ings of the Universe on the radio,
and perform on the piano with their
Woolen underwear is vulgar and
the only charms that women hide are
their ears.
Everyone smokes cigarettes and
deeply embedded   in their Chester
field, with legs crossed, sip their cocktail.
No one ever goes to bed the same
day they get up, and yet they blame
the high cost of living on some one
The home is only considered a place
where they Bleep—sometimes; aDd
eat—sometimes. Nobody ever make
up tbeir minds to stay at home, but
they are constantly making up their
faoes to go out and tango until a late
hour, and then kid themselves into
believing thst they are having a High
Old Time.
These are the days of suffragetting,
profiteering, smuggling, divorcing,
country clubs and re marrying. The
speed limit is just what your cur cun
do—don't consider yourself; und if
you feel, as i do, in spite it all, life
IS worth living.
AReduction in Operating
Expenses of $14,360,907
Made This Splendid
Showing Possible
Montreal, Feb, 2d.  -The net earn-
ings of the Canadian National    railways,   after payment of operating
expenses, amounted to 117,244,25 1
in   1924.    Final  figures giving  tbe
operating results of tbe system during tbe year have been announced
by  Sir Henry W, Thornton, chairman and  president.   These   figures
show tbat wbile prevailing   bnsiness
conditions   and  a smaller crop reduced the gross receipts of the company hy  $17,547,305, as compared
witb the preceding year,   economies
in operatiog expenses were made to
the extent of 614,360,907.   As  a result of tbese economie, net  earnings
amounting   to   (17,244,251     were
produced.   The linai figures for.tbe
year are:
Operating Revenues—
1824   aruings $235,588,182.56
1923 earnings  253,135,487.51
Decrease      17,547,305.66
Operating Expenses—
1924 expenses  218,343,931.07
1923 expenses  232.704,848.53
Decrease     14,360,907.46
Net Revenues—
1924 revenues     17,244,261.48
1923 revenues     20,430,649 08
Decrease       3,186,397.60
The   results  by  regions in 1924
were as follows:
Central Region—
Operating revenues.$114,564,818 39
Operating expenses.    98,131,371.43
Net revenues     16,4e3,446 96
Western Region—
Operating revenues.    65,938,273.20
operating expenses..    67,062,628,69
Deficit      1,124,353.49
Atlantic Region-
Operating revenues.   20,721,399.54
Operating ex penses.    24,266,403.7 8
Deficit      3,545,004.24
United States Lines—
Operating revenues.    34,363,689.42
Gperating expenses    28,883,627.17
Net      5,480,162.25
of   American   Inventors   bas    an»
nounced  that one  of  its members
haB satisfactorily tested out a -'magic clotb," whicb,   witb the aid of
only   a   crystal  detector, a ground
wire and a pair of ear pbo en,makes
a porfect radio receiving   set.    No
coils are needed in tbe new method,
it was aseerted.    In  the try out  it
was   claimel   tbe car phones, connected with a tixed crystal near the
cloth,    afforded    perfect   reception
without   physical   connection-    No
aerial was used.
An Ingenious "Alibi"
The people who are most indolent
phy»ical!y are often quick enough
mentally. Such wax the case witb
tbe British workman of whom tbe
Taller tells. He waB usually late in
coming to work, and one day the
foreman took bim to tusk.
"It's a funny thing, Jim," be
said, "you alius coming io a quarter
of an hour behind the time and living next door to tbe works; while
Teddy iB alius on time, and lives
thiee miles away!"
"There's nowt funny about it,"
retorted Jim. "If he's a bit late in
tbe morning, he can hurry: hut 'If
I'm lat •, I'm right here."
chine and learned the details of its
inside mechanism, he would soon
become attached to it as is the average sea captnin to Mr ship or the
railroad engineer to his engine.
Radio and Farm
Hours go by and the magic
instrument is used to bring
into the country home music,
song, speech from widely
separated centers. In fact,the
world comes and goes in a
marvelous way over the radio.
And the lonesomeness of the
farm has been vanquished.
Instead of being isolated and
apart after the sun goes down,
the country home i.s at once
in touch with the world,
through the air. That is the
"Dream realized, and the
question answered,"—Ender
by Commoner
Are thoso  who  perform
enough to those who look r,
®fo> (grattii Jfarka Bun
flashlight tp the arm of ihe machine, and thus]
ended her troubles. The light was clamped
to the machine with a strap of brass and a pair
of bolts and wingnuts in a position ihat throws
the needle into silhouette when the light is
turned on.
One Year (ia Canada and- Great Britain) $1.00
One Year (iu the United States)    1.50
Address- -n -~-—--'cations to
Thb Grand Forks Sun
Phonb 101R ; Grand Forks, B. CJ
In the natural course of events the date of
the by election in the Grand Forks-Greenwood
riding should be announced within a few
weeks The candidates are in the field, an d
no doubt by this time they have formulated
their policies aad plans of campaign. The
Oliver administration has been particularly
friendly to Grand Forks, and much has bee n
done by it for the agricultural industry of th e
district. Theie are many good reasons why
a government supporter should be returned to
Victoria,and we hope to be able to make these
reasons plain to the electorate before electio n
day arrives.
The naughty schoolboy is always glad when
he sees the teacher lay down the rule.
An operation to remove a varicose vein was
performed at the Dorpat University hospital,
Berlin, after the patient had been hypnotised.
He felt never pain nor shock. Professor Wan-
nach performed the operation, which, is said to
be the first of its kind where hypnotic sleep
instead of an anethetic was used.
It requires considerable shrewdness to
dodge the kind of novels you don't want to
An air icyle has been invented in Italy,
consisting of a gasbag sufficient to carry* a
man's weight, and a bicycle, different from
the ordinary type by reason of no wheels. Instead, there is caused to revolve by motion of
the pedals. The handlebars control the elevators and rudder.
Notes • Nations • Notables
A Mississippi girl, judged to be the  most
nearly perfect physically of three hundred and
fifty thousand entrants in the health contest
held  in  connection  with   the   International
Livestock Exposition at Chicago, gives these
rules for health:   "Sleep ten hours a night,
Drink a quart of milk a day.   Eat plenty of
vegetables.   Don't use face powder or rouge.
Don't wear high heels.'    The girl, who is sixteen years old, keeps fit by  means of deep
breathing, setting-up exercises, basketball and
Lawyers can stir up strife and create busi -
ness, bui doctors are obliged to let enough
The proper patient in the big hospital had
had the best of care and attention not only
from doctors but also from nurses. When the
time came for his discharge he ferventlp expressed his gratitude for all the kindness he
had received. "And as for you, miss," he said
Proved safe by motions and prescribed by physicians for
Toothache, Lumbago
Accept only  "Bayer"  package
which contains proven directions.
Handy "Bayer*' boxes of  12 . tablets.
Also bottles of 24 and 100—Druggists.
Aspirin 1» tbe tt.Se mark (retlateic* In GanirHl of Buyer Unnrurore of Monoaeetlc-
•eldesrter of Sallcjllcucld (Acetyl BssUcyllc AcM, "A. 8. A."). While Itlswwell known
tbat Aspirin means Bayer manufacture, to assist tbe public afalnst Imitations, tbe Tablets
of Barer Company will ba •tamped with tbelr ■renenl trade mark, tba "Bayer Cross."
Established 1910 .'
Real Estate and Insurance
Retldcmt Agent Grnsirl Forks Townsite-
•   : ■   Oompany, Limited   ■ *l
Furma      Orchard*'   City Property
'"Agenta at ftelsou, Cahrary, Wthnlfiec anil
other Prairie points. Tasioonver Aeen* :
Bit pl51 Ishoil In 1910. we are in is posIHOn lo
'nrtlllh reliable Information roneernlnsj this
IVrltn lisrlreelltssfntiire
E. G. Remnigei Co.
Grain, Hay
.'. Flour and Feed
. Lime and Salt
.Cement and Plaster
Ponltry Supplies
Urand Forks, B.C.
[Dr. Letfard't New Life .Table*
Imparts to the Old and Middle aged
Youthf ulnesa, Energy aod Fitness, retard a mental and .physical
decay, thus promoting longevity,
and tisanes.
IPmsfirvGH   fchfi ftrbfii'iGS
Sufferers irom Deafness with its many
distressing accompanying   ailments.
A youog deer of Mt. Rainier park knows a
comfortable bed when it sees it. Last summer
the guests at Paradise Inu were startled to
see a deer enter the great front door of the
hotel and, walking up to the fountain in the
lob: y, take a drink and then go out. After
that the auimal remained in the hotel grounds
and allowed people to pet it at will. As a fawn
the same deer had frequented the grouuds the
summer before. A few weeks after it had
drunk from the fountain an employee entered
one of the guest tents to make the bed and
found the deer lying comfortably on top of it.
Copper and copper-alloy o jects are found
in the prehistoric remains of Egypt, dating
back to the fourth dynasty, 3800 to 4700 B.C.
It was found in Asia Mii.or dating probably
to 3000 B.C., and in China to about 2500 B.
C. The remains of the Mycene-Bn, Phenician,
Babylonian and Assyrian civilizations (1180
to .500 B.C.) have yielded a variety of copper
and bronze objects.
Fifty cents apiece for every man, woman
and child, is the average cost of Canadian and
American meala in these days, with one-third
spent for bread and foods of vegetable origin,
and two thirds for other staples.
.Sceiie, Kensington gardens at eleven Armistice day. Two children and an Aberdeen terrier an; playing with a ball, Thc girl, six years
old, thrors it to the boy, who is abou a year
younger, just as the silence gun goes. The
boy does not try to catch it and it rolls down
tlio sloping pathway. The Aberdeen retrieves
it for his yaung master, who is standing unaccountably still with his hat his hand. Tired
of waiting, he drops it and looks up motionless and rather puzzled. One fancies one sees
a look of wonder come into his great brown
eyes, a refleciion, maybe, of that in his young
master's. So the trio stand, paying not tbe
least touching of the tributes London offered
to tlie immortal dead.—London Post.
I look upon you as 'ardly 'uman."
The government of Peru has established
national cancer institute at Lima.
Birds are said to be especially good as barometers. There is an old rhyme that says,
"When the fowls roll in the dust rain is at
hond," and when hens are seen trimming their
feathers it is a good sign of rain. Skylarks
soar high if the weather is likely to remain
good, but low if wet days impend.
A radio set located in a frame dwelling will
in mony cases receive greater distances and
receive witb more volume than a set located
in an apartment house, which, as a rule, has a
superstructure of steel. The steel structure,
being a conductor of electro magnetic waves,
has the effect of absorbing the radio waves,
therefore taking away some of the energy that
ordinarily would reach the antenna.
When a case concerning^the proper fit of an
evening gown came before a London court,
Judge Sturges. K.C, said he could not deal
with so knotty a problem himself and asked a
woman in court to help him. The womaa sat
by the judge on the bench. At the end of the
case Judge Sturges said that he and his "assessor" had both arrived at the conclusion that
the gown did not fit, and so he gave judgment
against the maker.
On the Galapagos islands, 600 miles off the
Ecuador coast, animals have been found that
an now extinct in other parts of the world.
as Head noises, deriveal most imme
diate benefit. Calm refreshing sleep
assured. Gloom, Depressionand Ner**
vousness is banished under the influence of these, Life-giving Tablets
Wrinkles, hard lines and blemishes
disappear. The skin becomes dear,
light and elastic and the complexion
bright and smooth. Think of the
blessings of perfect health, the possesion of few; the joy of a clear Youthful appearance and tingling blood, of
lustrous hair, bright eyes and health-
tinted cheeks;the beauty of radiant
life and the realisation that Time has
been put back Ten years to the envy
•nd admiration of your friends, and
the unbounded satisfaction of your,
self. Oan you allow a golden opportunity like this to pass? Remember
there are no arduous rules to follow,
no restriction on diet, not are [there
any ill effects after. On the contrary
it gives the entire system a feeling of
exhaltation with increased mental
and bodily vigour. Why not look
and feel 30 at 50? Do not delay,
commence the treatment at once.
Ton will never regret the slight cost
Incurred for such incalculable benefits. The prioe of these Marvellous
Tablets including Mail Charges is
3 Dollars per bottle, dispatched in
plain wrapper on receipt of amount.
Obtainable from
Dr. Legard's Laboratories,
100, Liv rpool Road, Barnsbur***,
London, England.
Corporation of the City of Grand Forks
TENJ)SRS WANTED   •. ;;j ,,
Tenders will be received by the undersigried up
to February 23rd, 1925, for the purchase of all or any
of some 500,000 brieks in place in.two stacks arid flue-'
chamber at Granby smelter site. ;   .   '    .
The highest or any tender hot neeessarily.accepted.
JOHN A. HUTTON, Clerk. -
The annual tax for 1925 on male dogs $1.50 and
female dogs $2:50 is now due and payable to the Chief
of Police or at tbe City Office.
We are agents for the well known Massey-
Harris. line of   farm, equipment.     Let us
figure on your needs.
A Complete Line of Garden Tools
Furniture and Hardware
Candidly, Wouldn't
You Rather Talk?
The one thing a man can not keep to  himself is happiness.
After weaiinj,' out her patience in threading
Hi-* ri • Up iif' nr -"wiiii.' machine, an ingenious
ii r iii P itsniniiili, Ohio, a.tached a
o4ncient History*
[Taken From Twenty-Year Old Sun Files.]
The first dock of mallards started up the
North Fork last Tuesday.   There are two or
three persons in this city who are of the opin
ion that these birds are rushing the season.
Manager Hodges says the Granby smelter
will close down if the legislatur e passes the
eight-hour bill.
Thomas Newby and Lee Mercer hav driven
an 80 foot tunnel on the Gloucester mine, and
large bodies of copper gold ore have been
W. H. Covert last week sold) to J. D. Honsberger 150 acres of his ranch, including the
house and old orchard, for $27,000.
A passenger train service to Phoenix over
the Great Northern railway will be inaugurated on March 1.
Get the habit of
trading at our
'■'•■...,.. tv- ■       t't*
Probably you are like most people; you
prefer a personal conversation to letter-
writing. That is why we suggest*.
"Once in awhile between friends—Long
Distance."   Special rates after 8:30 p*m.
We have exceptionally good bar
gains in all
British   Columbia Telephone
Phone SO ■
Fortieth Anniversary of Canada's First Trans-Continental
System Marks Centenary of Locomotive.
Above ia an unknown arttat'a <wns-cptlon at a teat ot apeed on the
Baltimore and Ohio Railway In 1890, between a horne-drawn ear and Peter
Csmper-a diminutive loeometlre "Tswn Thumb". On the left ia aeen the
firat paaaenger dally trom tie Eaat at the Canadian Pacific Depot, Fernie,
B.O.. Right, a double-ended wood-burning locomotive Imported to Ameriea
In 1872, and need an the Toronto Nlpiaainst Railway.—Below, the «2300*V
repreaentlnsr the acme of iMomotlTe efficiency, aa now operated by the
Canadian Pacific.
TWO events make 1925 notable Jn tne annals of rail transportation. It
marks the centenary of the locomotive engine and the fortieth anniversary of the completion of Canada's first transcontinental, the Canadian
Pacific Railway's main line from Montreal to Vancouver. The first opened
a new chapter in the history of the world; the second a new chapter in the
history of Canada.
Looking back over the events of the intervening century lt will readily
be agreed that the Introduction of the locomotive was one of the most
important events in modern history. It has enriched the life of the Old
World by delivering to lt at low cost the products of the ends of the earth;
while it has brought within the reach of the pioneer on the frontiers of
civilization highly finished products which can be developed only where a
numerous population makes possible a minute division of labor. It has
given the settler in Northern Alberta, over 5,000 miles distant from London,
a market in that great metropolis just as certain as that enjoyed by the
English farmer. It has also made the same settler as much a customer of
London as are the people of near-by countries.
The locomotive engine' made Its first appearance In Canada ln 1837 on
the Champlain and St Lawrence Railroad. Tbis road was only 16 mileB
long, and ran between the town of La Prairie on the St Lawrence River,
and St John's on the Richelieu. This railway was opened 'in 1836, being
operated by horses during the first year.
However, lt was not until with the Incorporation of the Orand Trunk
Railway ln 1852 that the railway era in Canada really began. While a
beginning had been made in 1837, still during the next fifteen years only
50 miles of line were added. The Qrand Trunk linked up Ontario and
Quebec, and gave botb provinces direct connection wltb the Atlantic coast
through Portland. It also laid tbe foundations for direct connection between
that port and Chicago. Much railway building followed ln Ontario. The
next project of importance was the building of tbe Intercolonial, which was
begun in 1868, and completed ln 1876. This gave Ontario and Quebec direct
connection through Canadian territory with a Canadian port on the Atlantic
open all the year round. In the meantime an agitation for the building of
a railway to connect Ontario and Quebec with tbe Pacific Coast culminated
In the incorporation of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
' On November 7th, 1885 at Cragellachie ln Eagle Pass, a gorge ln the'
Oold Range, British Columbia, Sir Donald A. Smith, afterwards Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal, drove the last spike in the main line of the Canadian
Pacific Railway, thus connecting Montreal with Vancouver. This was a
notable event, not only ln the history of Canada, but of the British Empire.
By the connecting of the Pacific Coast with Montreal Canada secured its
first transcontinental railway. Indeed, it was the first real transcontinental
on this continent for while in 1869 the east coast of the United States was
connected with San Francisco by rail, and several other such connections
have been added, still even now no single railway hi the United States
. extends from Coast to Coast as does the Canadian Pacific in Canada.
November 7th, was also a notable day for the British Empire in that the
Canadian Pacific provided a short cut from Britain to the Orient. As Sir
Charles Tupper in his Reminiscences has pointed out, it brought Yokohama
' three weeks nearer to London than It was by the Suez Canal.
The history of the Canadian Pacific Railway is the history of Greater
Canada. When it was' first proposed there were only four provinces in
Confederation, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Between
1870 and 1873 Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, and British Columbia;
. entered, the last mentioned on the express condition that it would be connected with Eastern Canada by a line of railway. At that time Manitoba
was a mere postage stamp ln dimensions, and the regions between it and
the Rockies were unorganized territory.
.' The promise of the Canadian Pacific not only brought British Columbia
' into Confederation, and gave Canada a window on the Pacific; but tho building of it, by establishing direct and quick communication between the east
and the west fixed tlie destiny of the vast regions west of the Great Lakes
and north of the 49th parallel. The ties of sentiment were thus strengthened
by the economic link of steel. Fifty years ago lt was by no means certain
that thc territories between Lake Superior and Uie Rockies would not paSs
into thc hands of the United States. The shortest route from Eastern
'anada to Fort Garry, now Winnipeg, was via Chicago and St. Paul.   Trade
ovod north and south rather than cast and west, so that political absorp-
'  f-oemed likely to follow American economic penetration.
It is with the development of Western Canada that the fortunes of th.
Canadian Pacific have been indlssolubly linked. As It has expanded thi
West has grown. In 1885 there were hardly more than 180,000 people in
the whole country west of the' Great Lakes. As a result of the Riel Rebellion
the country was also in a state of utter confusion. Still the year 1885 marks
the real beginning of the period of western development. The country
continued its policy of aggressive construction by adding feeders to its
main Une. This encouraged settlement, for settlers felt themselves secure
as long as they were not too fair from the railway. Note how the population
on the plains began to Increase. In 1885. when there were not more than
1,000 miles of railway there were only 130,000 people in that vast territory
between Winnipeg and Calgary and • Edmonton, one-half of whom were
located in Manitoba. Within the next 20 years, the prairie provinces, witb
about 4,500 mileB of railway, had a population of 800,000. By 1923 these
provinces had 20,000 miles of line, of which 8,500 belonged to the Canadlav
Pacific, and their population was 2,000,000.
-' The-driving of the last spike at Cralgellacbie also marked the opening
by the' company of the most aggressive and sustained immigration and
colonization campaign that Canada has witnessed; From that time to the
present the company has spent nearly $'i 0,000,000 on its immigration and
colonization activities. And it got the immigrants too. During the years
preceding the incorporating of the company immigrants wore coming to
Canada at the rate of only 36,000 a year. This was a very light inflow, for
away back in 1832 as many as. 52,000 were received; but during the period
1881-91 immigration was very nearly trolled; that is, it came at the rate of
92,000 a year. Indeed," during tlie last tv'.-o doqades of the last century the
Government seems to have left Immigration pretty much to the company,
for during the 1882-1902 period, the total expenditure on immigration was
only $6,475,000, as compared with an appropriation of $3,400,000 this year
Through the company's agencies have come tho greatjr proportion of th<
over 6,000,000 immigrants received during the last 40 years.
Coincident with the driving of the last spike at Craigcllachie tht.
company launched out as a promoter of foreign trade and transoceanic
travel. In this department not only ha:; it been by far tho most important
factor ln Canada, but ono of the most important within the British Empire,
which is. saying ft great deal, when it Is recall?'! that tho latter Is the
greatest commercial unit that the world has ever seen. Within less than
nlno monthg after this spike had bcen driven theie arrived at Port Moody,
the then terminus of tho Pacific, a brig v.lth thc ftr.st cargo from Japan for
the railway. That little brig thc "W. E. Flint" of 800 tons, has grown into
a great fleet of over 400,000 tons, sailing on two oceans, and linking Europe.
America, Asia, and Oceania. In JS87 a regular tran-i-Paciflc service wai
established, and In 1902 a similar service was launched on thc Atlantic.
Begun originally as a feeder to thc W i;.ht department ot the railway, the
passcngor feature of these steamship services has now become o" chief
importance. As an evidence of how the trans-Pacific trade has grown it
uiay bc said that In liSST, Or V< ol:! to China only $5,972 worth of products
imd to Japan on'.v *•?'. '■'•: -.nth. whereas during lho 12 months endlnr
October. 1024. ber .. . China wcro $14,012,482 and to Japan $20,870,03?
Children Keep House
In the nursery of the Canadian Pacific S.S. Montlaurier.   You might be
content to lay upon the decks, but the young ones must have something
co keep them out of •mgchief—hence their own special recreation quarter.
A Warning to All Mothers
Ralph's (.nlier in u doctor, and
Ralph likes to get hold of an old
medicine case and a hat of his
fathe.'a aii-l piny tbat lio is a iloetor
a|so. One diy when ehe telephone
rang he mlled on*, "Somebody wants
me," and oatehihg up hi*, hat and
cue, rushed uut the door.
"Come hank and shut the screen
dod*'," called hia mother.
Rilph obeyed reluctantly. When
be returned a bit later he looked
solium. *   .
"Well, how did you find your
pitient, Dr Ralph?" his mother in-
(juirec) jocularly.
"Djnd," the hoy replied accuss*
ingly. "Died while 1 came hack to
abut that door."
A married man's conscience does
□ot worry hiin much until bis wife
begins to sit up aud take notice.
M image isn't a failure any often,
er than single blessedness is.
Meo never know as mncb about
anything a? women know about
Furniture Made to Or-ier.
Also Repairing of all Kinds
Upholstering Noatlv  Done
wuuuna avbnoi
DO YOU WANT       gj
TO READ YOUR       $
People take The Sun f/A
because they believe M
it is worth the price we M
charge j for it. It is £)2
therefore reasonable to jX{
suppose that they read iji
its contents, including 2*5
advertisements. This h}A
is not always the case SkJ
wifh newspapers that fXs
are offered as prem- Npt
iums with chromos or M
lottery tickets M
Advertising   "to   help ffi
the editor." But we do ffi
wantbusinessadvertis- rtj
ing by progressive busi- ffi
ness   men   who  know ffi
that sensible advertis- ffi
. ing brings results  and pj
pay. If you have some- JQ
thing to offer the pub- ffi
lie that   will   benefit ffi
them and you as well, JQ
the newspaper reaches Jj
more people than a bill JJ
and if you have the [!*}
goods you can do busi- ui
ness with them UJ
m ......
The Delicious Flavor
drawn from the leaves of
Has won it millions of users.   Sold
by all grocers.   Buy a package today.
News of the Gity
The court of revision and appeal
in respect of tbe Kettle River Assessment district was held at 10
o'lock a.m. at tbe govemmant office
in thie city yesterday morning, U.
G. Keys, of Penticton, presiding
over the court S. J. Larsen, pro-
vinoial assessor, was also present.
The appeals from tbe assessment
roll were few and unimportant.
According to present plans, the
breeding of silver foxes for their fur
will be a new industry in tbis diss-
trict this year. A number of the
animals have been ordered by the
townspeople and ranchers, who see
big profits in tbe business.
A letter from Aid. F.J. Miller
to a friend here says th t a successful surgical operation was performed
on Mrs. Miller on Monday in be
Vancouver general hospital, At the
time tbe letter was written the patient was doing nicely.
R. A'len, of Spokane, who is
largely interested in the Inland Emu
pire mine at Paulson, and J. W.
Spaulding, of Cascade, are in the
city loday. They will leave tomor«
row f or Paulson.
SiudiMitH association, will deliver a
lectuiein Q.W.V A. hall next Fri
day evening, February 27, on the
subtect, "Life on Earth in the New
World." This lecture iB one of a
series which present evidence tbat
millions now living will never.
Seats free.  No collection.
A. D. Moriiaon left on Wednesday for a tbree weeks' business trip
to Toronto and way points.
The first buttercup of tbe season
has emigrated from tbe foothills to
the show window of Geo. C, Egg's
C.  W.  Cutforth, of the lecture
staff of   the    International    Bible
The Tupper Temper
When grandmother was a
girl of fourteen, writes a contributor to the Youth's Companion, Great Grandmother
West married again. Hersec-
ond husband was Dr. Nathan
Tupper, an uncle of Sir
Charles Tupper of Canada.
Dr. Tupper was not a young
man, and the years had not
mellowed the noted "Tnpper
temper.1' but great grandmother, though of a more
amiable disposition than he,
was capable of mauaging
One morning, as Dr. Tupper was seated at breakfast
with his wife, he discovered
that his cup and saucer were
not of matched china, and
promptly threw them both
into the fireplace. With scarcely an* instant's hesitation I
great grandmother threw her
cup and saucer after them;
then, turning to grandmother,
she said' -'Emma,throw*your|
cup and saucer into the fireplace."
"Why,     mother," grand
mother protested, 'Til not do
such a ridiculous thing."
"Emma, do as you are
told," said great-grandmother
firmly. "When your father
sets you such an example see
tfaat you follow it."
;' And into the fireplace went
grandmother's cup and saucer
The confirmed bachelor prefers to
settle hia own affaire out of court.
If You Can Answer Ten Questions
(ieoftrnphy and History
Other prizes amounting to a total of
$1,000 given in Educational contest,
open to everybody, anywhere. Send
stamp for list of questions, rules and
circular. Address—John W. Sheffield,
Chairman. Aurora, Illinois.
SEALED TENDERS will be received by the
Distrlot Forester, Nelson, not later tban
noon on the 28th dar oi Maroh, W25, tor
tbe purchase ol Licence XSM7, near Moody
Creek, to eat 16,100 lineal feet ol Polei.
Una rear will be allowed for removal ol
Farther particalere of the DUtrlot Torei-
ter, NeUou.
CBALED TENDERS, addreaeed to the Poet-
° matter General, will be reoelved at Ottawa
until noon on Friday, the nth March, 1926,
lor the ooiivyance of HU Misjeitj*. Mails, on
a nropoaed Contract for four yean, twelve
(111 times par week each wav, between Orand
Forks and Railway Station (C. P.), from the
Printed notlees containing farthest Information as to conditions ol proposed Contract
may be seen and blank forms of Tender may
be obtained at the Pest Office of Orand
Forka, B.C.. and at the olliee of tha Dlatriet
Supertnususlent ol Postal f^J^jjHif
' Dtstrlet Superintendent
Distrlot Superintendent's Office,
Vanoouver, fl. O.
Uth February, IMS.
Adds Sunday Edition
High Grade Magazine Section.
Colored Comic Section.
Numerous Special Features.
any address in Bjitish Columbia outside Greater
Vancouver,       ,
4 MONTHS $1.00
Yearly subscriptions not accepted at this rate.
Rate trom Agents, 25c per month.
Sunday Edition 5c per copy.
ounaay caiuou oc per copy. i    /I'V"*".       "■     "*■
SUBSCRIBE NOW      /"•Q » by
Through Local Agent or Postmaster,
Special Note—All regular subscribers. will receive
Sunday edition with no extra charge.   If subecriptions
were paid in advance at 50c per month, proper credit
will be applied to their account in due course.
Special For This Week
Three doz. O C c   *
Oranges    OO ,
Phone 25 "Service and Quality"
IT brings the whole oountry for miles around within easy reach.
Hare yoa seen the new modeUI They're as graceful as swallows! As
bright as now coin! As weatherproof as a duck? Automobile Steel
Bearings. Frame of English *Seam!ess Steel Tubing. Hard Maple
Rims. ELeroules Brake, Everything complete. Heal Quality. Real
Value. Easy Terms. We are toe people'to mount you right.
J* R« MOOYBOER gr^dWrks.bTc!
Open Saturday Ereninfts Till 10 o'Cloek
ShipYourCream to
Tbe Kettle Valley
Creamery Go.
We pay the highest price and assnre
yoa ths most accurate test. Give your
local creamery yoar trade.
lt-uminion Monumental Work*;
AabfatoaEProdaeta Co. Roofing
Transfer Goe
City Baggage and General
Wood and
for Sale
Office  at!R.  t.  Petrie'-,
Phone 64
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty*
Wholesale and Retail
Mi-Mr in
Havana Cigars, Pipes
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand Forks. B. C.
THE HUR—Bring your boot
and shoe repairs to my
shop for neat and prompt
work. Look for the big
boot.-GEO.  ARMSON
npHE value oi well-
printed, neat appearing stationery as
a meansof getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
Wedding invitations
Ball programs
Business cards
Visiting cards
Sh'pf.ing tags
Price lists
Circulars \
A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yale Hotfx,   Fibst'-ibrkt* f",
New Type
jLatest Style
Cota-nlla. Avenue and   „
5»SlS0f .
Vaoant, unreiervei
Jrown landa tbsxr Va are-i
Britlah luhjeote ovar IS.*ns**s
nut tar alien* an *l***a.artm a
td bateau Britlah labjeoto,
tlonal upon reoldeaoe,
and  Improvement   (ar
rail Information noamnilar ml
latteaa  ree*a*dln«   •r*T**-*m*tftaM~}SS
-flvan la Bullatln No, 1. Lrtdjirte'ft
'How to Pre-ei      "
whieh eaa be 01
by a-Mroaalnc
«nda, Viotorla,
rnmant Agent.
Reoarda will ba (ranted aavsMiaa
inly land lulfeble tor *4j*t*i***t****
purpoete, and whieh ta net tt*mMf>
land, l**, oarryln* ever MOtTagl
feat far aora weetof theC
Application, far pre-a
to be addreaaed to tha
mluloner at the Land :
viiton, ln whieh tha li
la altuated, and i
torms, ooptoa at
talaed from tha Land
Fia-emp-ttoaa muat be ooeupUd 1
aaa yean aad hnproveBMata '"
to value of $10 per aore.
clearing ant culUvatlna; at
aorea, before a Crown Ora
> aar aore weetof theOeaatB^M
MM feet par aore eaat al SHI
ror more (totalled lafaracaUan tabs
BulleUn    "How    to   TH-oeSit
Applications ara reoetvad for *******
ohaae of vaoant and \at**ssh*t'i
Orawn landa, Mt belnc tlmberMM.
for asrioultural purpoiei; mlitta
prloe of flrat-olaaa (arable) hvndl
par aere, and ■eeond-otoae Ism
land $1.60 per aore. Further
■nation retarding purehaae
of Crown landa le liven
Ma. 10. Land Serial, "Tw
Leaae of Crown Landa."
Hill, factory, er Induatrial ettae en
timber-land, not exceedsBa; ft eWe**
mar be purohaaed or leaaed, tne *o%-
dlttene Including parmetit It
U-uurveyed areaa, net exceedl-i-ar ft
aoree, may be leaaed aa 1
conditional upon a dwelll
erected ln the flrat year,
obtainable after reetdenoe and .Improvement eondltlona are thlrntel
and land haa been aurrayad.
For graaing and  Induatrial
poaea areaa not exceeding l<H
may be leaaed by one peraan ar
company. .
Under the Oraalng Aat
Inoe la divided into gracing
lata taxed
and the range admlniatered an der a
Oreiini Commlaaloner. Annne]
srraalnt permits are lined baaed en
numben ranged, priority being -riven
•o eatabllshed owners. Stook-ownen
nuy  form   n saoclu tlonn    for    rang.
inna-sen-ient. Tree, or partially free,
•rmlu are available for lettlera,
impera  and   ti~vellera,  up  to  tea
,..*tii. ***


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