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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Sep 14, 1923

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 is   situated   in
the center of Grand Forks valley, the
premier fruit growing district of
Southern British Columbia. Mining
and lumbering are also important
industries in districts contiguous to
the citv.
Kettle Valley Orchardist
THR  SF11V 's t"ie *avorite news-
1 UD aVJll*  paper 0f the citizens
of the district.    It is read by  more
people in the city and valley than any
other paper because it is fearless, re
liable, clean, bright and entertaining.
It is always independent but never
"Tell mc wh»t you Know ts tru»
I can guess as well as yoo.
*1.00 PER YE All
Secretary Instructed to
Secure Estimatesof Cost
of a Six-Room Building
The regular monthly meeting of
the Grand Forks school bonrd' was
held in the city ball on Tuesday
evening, all the trustees being pVee»
Principal Glaspell was asked to
submit monthly, reports in writing
of the work being done rndofthe
progress being made by each
The appointment of Miss Jessie
D. Moffett as teacher of Division 5
at $1100 a year was confirmed by
the board.
Mise Annie Beran is substituting
during tbe illness of Miss Dorothy
MacEwan, and Cecil McCallum is
doing Miss Margaret Harrigan's
work during ber illness
The matter of increased accommodation for high school classes,
owing to greatly increased astend-
ance this year and prospects of
much greater attendance next year,
wsb discussed at some length, and
the secretary was instructed to secure from tbe department of education estimates of cost of a six-room
building, brick or frame.
Men of Alabama
Get Equal Rights
Montgomery, Ala., Sept. 9.—The
Alabama bouse of representatives
went on record as favoring "equal
rights for men."
A bill wae passed giving meu as
well as women the right io obtain
a divorce on the ground of cruelty.
"It is time some consideration is
being shown to men"' said Daniel
Cook, author of the bill.
Associated Growers Ask
That Products of British Columbia Orchards
Be Given Preference
More Intensive Efforts ~
Needed to Develop the
Country, Says Beatty
Winnipeg, Sept. 10—President
Beatty and his party of directors
and officials of thu C.P. It. arrived
here at 9 p.m. after a daylight trip
from Fort Wi|liam and will remain
here until Tuesday morning.
In the course of an interview this
eveniog President Beatty snd that
misapprehension seemed to have
been created by the erroneous ao
nouncement from uninformed
sources tbat tbe plans of tbe company for branch line construction
were extend d by tbe senate's rejection of tbe Canadian National
branch lines bill. Tbe program for
1923 was passed upon by the com"
pany long before any information
was given out as to the National
railway's intentions and that pro-
nram bad not been departed from in
the slightest degree in consequence
of the senate's action, he said.
The president said tbat he intended at meetings with the members of the various boards ot trade
to emphasise the necessity for more
intensive efforts if the country was
to be developed with even moderate
"Wbat would seem to be needad,"
he Baid. "is a serious appreciation
of the need of economy, but in tbe
last analysis that only means tbat
we should take sane and sober
stock of tbe situation with a view to
improving it. For the next few
years public and private expendi|
ture in Canada should be made with
great care and almost entirely in
works of a productive character.
We oan afford to do without many
luxuries until the taxpayer is relieved of a portion of his burden.
"I hope," be added, "that the fall
business will be good and a great
deal will depend on whther the
grain crop is marketed quiokly at
fair prices. If the initial movement
is lorge, the transportation companies will, of course, benefit, and
general trade will feel an immediate
An appeal for the help of
citizens of Vancouver to support the friiit industry of the
interior by giving preference
to British Columbia grown
fruits has been forwarded to
A. Melville Dollar by the Associated Growers of British
Columbia. Mr. Dollar is on
the directorate ofthe association.
The appeal points out that
the associEtion was brought
into existence through the re
verses and discouragements
experienced by the growers;
points out that its control and
operasion extends throughout
the Okanagan, Boundary and
Kootenays, and that whereas
a year ago some thirty independent or private shippers
served the conntry, now
through the efforts of the
growers, these indepandent
houses are parts of the new
Cooperative effort is now
being conducted by the growers seeking solutions to the
many and varied problems
confronting tbe industry, it is
stated, with the result that
about 400 members have
pledged -themsalves to dispose
oi their produce through the
Associated Growers of British
Columbia. Apyroximately 85
to 90 per cent of the fruit in
the interior is under contract,
it is stated.
The future ofthe fruit growing industry rests largely
with the consumer in British
Columbia and on the prairies,
the appeal says, and after
pointing out that the growers
on their part are packing fruit
on the highest quality basis
for delivery to the consumer
at the lowest possible price,
urges consumers to show appreciation of lhese efforts by
purchasing only fruit sold
through the Associated Growers of British Columbia, Ltd.
In the dry belt of British Columbia, where the conservation of soil
moistujc is of the utmost importance
te successful farming, a study of
evaporation becomes essential. Ab a
beginning io this direction tbe Dos
minion experimental station at Summerland installed a tank, made of
galvanized iron sunk into the ground
six feet square by two feet deep,
irom which, by means of a vernier,
measurements of evaporation from
an open water surface can be made
as near as one-hundredth of an inch.
During the summer of 1922 the
average daily evaporation from tbis
open surf .ce was as follows: April
(8 days), .13 in.; May, 14; June,
.22; July, .22; August ,15-Septem
ber, .12; October, .06. The total
evaporation over tbis period, i.e.,
from April 23 to Ootober 31 was
28.54 inches. The total rainfall
over the same period was 5.12
Tbe relative atmospheric humidity, taken at 9 o'clock each morning, is also inter-sting. The average
figures for the months are as follows: May, 61 per cent; June, 4 6
per cent; July, 51 per cent; August,
62 per cent; September, 65 per cent;
October, 79 per cent. From these
figures it will be noticed that the
greatest evaporation and the lowest
percentages of relative humidity ocn
our in June aod July. It is scarcely
necessary to point out the close relationship between these two sets of
figures. Atmospheric moisture is the
product of evaporation from the
surface of the earth. A very dry
atmosphere has a strong pull on the
available moisture.
Having thus briefly indicated tbe
conditions which prevail during the
summer mouths, we must now consider what means are at the disposal
of the farmer to enable bim to conserve moisture against these coodi.
Earth mulches may be considered
the most efficient conservators of
soil moisture, but the advantageous
use of these requires a thorough understanding of tbeir nature. Continuous clean cultivation, year after
year, impoverishes the soil of its
organic matter and nitrogen. Bacterial action is greatly reduced; the
texture of the soil deteriorates, Un
lees one csn apply heavy dressings
of barnyard mannre this practice
can not be continued beyond three
or four years.
A second method is the crop
mulch system and this, under our
conditions, is by far the safer method. Under favorable conditions al
falfa may be regarded as the crop to
grow, but this must be regarded as
a cover crop only,.not as a hay
crop. Under less favorable conditions, where the humus content of
the soil is deficient, or where tbere
is a probability of a water shortage
towards July or August, hairy vetch
hu many advantages over alfalfa,
united in the opinion that the undertaking was in the best interests
of British Columbia and is bound to
show a handsome profit. Alieady
thousands of American motorists
hive come into British Columbia,
leaving hundreds of thousands of
American dollars on this side. Automobile clubs predict tbat the completion of tbis work will bring huge
tourist profits to even the remotest
sections of the province.
No matter what the opinions of
the government and tbe people may
be on tbe general Oriental question,
it is conceded tbat the gnvernment
has but o e thing to do at present
in dealing with tbe Japanese people;
tbat is to rush all possible relief to
tbe stricken nation. Feeling this to
be the wish of the people, tbe gov
ernment has announced that a cargo
of lumber, probably 5,000,000 feet,
will be shipped a a present as soon
as possible. Fhe announcement oi
this aid was the first to come from
Legislature Opens on October 29 — Redistribu-
tion Bill at Beginning
of Session—Cargo of
Lumber Presented
The fourth session of the fifteenth
legislature of British Columbia will
open on Monday, October 29, and
while no legislation of a contentious
nature is anticipated, it is expected
that ma y matters of provincial importance will be disposed of. Among
these will be the redistribution of
seats in the house, and Premier
Oliver states tbat a redistribution
bill will be introduced at tbe begin
ning of the session, so as to permit
of the fullest consideration of this
important matter. The Pacific Great
Eastern railway,liquor amendments,
road policy, taxation and revision
of tbe statutes are on the agenda.
Special Ca-rrespondence of The Sim.
Victoria.September 12—Great im»
provements have been made in tbe
matter of caring for tubercular patients at Tranquille sanitorium, according to the annual report of tbat
institution just released by Hon. J.
D. MacLean, provincial secretary,
Increased accommodation has been
provided and the institution cin
now care for 243 patients.
The minister points out that there
has been a marked increase in the
number of advanced cases and a corresponding decrease in the number
of incipient cases. This is in opposition to the aim of the government,
be states, and advises that an earlier
diagnosis of the disease be made, so
tbat tuberculosis may be checked
in the earlier stages. The sanitorium
is operating on a highly standardized
basis, entirely under the control of
the provincial government,
Tbe .liquor control board has
never made any attempt to "saturate" British Columbia witb liquor.
On tbe contrary, eveiy effort has"
been made to control tbe sale of
whisky and other drinks, state At
torney-General Manson and commissioners of the board In twelve
instances tbe board has refused to
open liquor stores, and wherever
the voters show tbey are opposed to
the opening of a store their wishes
are respected. This statement wes
issued following accusations thst
the government was doing its best
to sell more and more of the strong
'•The board is simply cairying out
the will of the electorate in making
liquor available," stated Hon. Mr.
Report of Chairman of
Water and Light Committee Shows Water
Available in Mill and
Sand Creeks
With the exception of Mayor
Hull, all the members were present
at the regular meeting of the city
council on Monday evening.
S. J. McDonald, of the Grand
Forks Meat Merket, interviewed the
council and protested against the
city issuing licenses to meat peddlers
during the winter months. Thi
matter was taken under consideration by the council.
Schedules of water rates were received from several towns operating*
under similar conditions to Grand
Forks. They were received and an;
being gone into by tbe water and
light committee.
Chairman Manly, of the water
and light committee, reported that
approximately 45,000 gallons <f
water per day was available in Mill
creek, and about tbe eime amount
in Sand creek.
Tbe city clerk was instructed to
purchase a trap to be ueed in conn
nection witb water .meters.
Tbe usuaf number of monthly accounts were ordered to be paid.
Despite criticism directed against
the government for the finishing of
the Pacific highway when that project was undertaken, the general
public and prominent business men
from all over the province are   now
Any merchaut handling several
different lines of goods would regard it as fo.ly to neglect to keep a
complete set of books enabling him
at all times to ascertain his profits
aod losses on tbe various commodities he sells, bis assets and liabilities,
-ind so on. A manufacturer who
failed to do so would be heading for
insolvency. It is curious, then, that
Canada's basic industry—agricuU
ture—should be carried on, so far
as individual producers are concerned witb it, in so casual a manner with regard to account keeping.
Especially is this strange when it is
considered how simple farm bookkeeping is by comparison with that
of other businesses.
In a survey of some eight hun
dred farms conducted some time ago
it was discovered that very few
farmers indeed followed anything
like a complete met bod of accounting, while a large number adopted
absolute'y nine at all. These, beyond
having a general sott of idea
as to "wbat paid," were often quite
hazy as to actual returns from dif-
irent lines of work.
In order, if possible, to remedy
this undesirable slate of affairs tbe
Dominion experimental farms system has published an extremely
simple farmer's account book,which
will adequately serve all necessary
purposes. In size and thickness it Is
no larger than a school exercis
book, and is nestined to last a com
plete year. To "keep" it needs no
knowledge of ordinary accounting;
simply the ability to write and add;
and a record of all transactions
might be made in an hour a week.
A few plain directions as to making
entries, some aids to taking inventories, a table of silo capacities and
a gestation table, are given oo the
inside of the cover, while on the
back are printed calendars for last,
this and next year.
In the book are pages for entry of
receipts and expenditures (botb of
wbich may be seen at  a glance on
A Hard "G"
There are few persons nbout whom
more stories illustrating tbe possession of a genial wit are tnld limn
Oliver Herford, the artist and mnki r
of clever verses. Tbe Argonaut says
that he was once speaking over tlie
telephone witb Prof Brander Matthews, who bad just announced his
intentfon of sailing lor Europe 'on
the Celtic—whfeb be prooouncid
"Oh, please don't say Kefii-.-,
Brander," pleaded Herford. *'B .
cause if you do, you know, you'll
bave a bard sea all tbe way over "
the same page) relative tocattl<-,
horses, sbeep, swine, poultry, crops
and labor; and there is also ampin
space for miscellaneous items. Tbere
is a page for amounts owed to and
by the farm, and forms on which
may be made inventories of land
and bulldogs, of lite stock, of feed
and supplies, mid of machinery.
Following is a page on whicb may
be tilled out a summary of the year's
bucinees, together with tbe few directions necessary to filling it out
intelligently at the end of the year.
Further, for tbe farmer's inforn a-
tion tbere is a table in wbicb to inter acreage and yield of crops, i,nd
oue in which to keep a live stook
service record.
Tbe whole thing has been reduced
to tbe simplest possible terms, and
should prove, to tbe general farmer,
one of the most useful publications
issued from the experimental fauns
for some time. It should be recognized hat farming is a business, the
same as any other.' If a business* is
not paying, tbe owner of it wants to
know wby it is not doing so. This
little book will enable the fnrmer to
keep an accurate record of each department of his business, find out
how much be is making from euch,
or how little, and so be able to adjust matters accordingly.
Tbe "Farmer's Account Book' is
obtainable from tbe publications
branch of tbe department of agriculture, Ottawa, at a nominal charge uf
ten cents. No postage need be pi a cpd
on letters of application. THE SUN: GBAND FORKS, BBITT8H COLUMBIA
Ufa (Sratttn Jfarka §itn
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) $1.00
One Year (in the United States)    1.50
Addresr -" "—-''cations to
sfFHK Giiand Fork.? Sun
Phone 101R Grand Forks, B. CJ
back alley. But it does not take a superman
long to become an expert. That's why he is
called a superman. Other trades and professions, we suppose, are also blessed with an
ample supply of experts, and we know (from
reading advertisements) that the general public has not been overlooked, because there are,
according to the ads., correspondence schools
that can, in a few lessons, fit the biggest dunce
in the world for a $50,000-ayear salary. If
these experts and supermen are not all fakirs,
confidence men or get-rich-quick grafters, the
legislature should, at its coming session, enact a law making it a capital crime for any
person to be poor.
Notes, Notions and Notables
A great many people, especially insti^an t
cities and towns, make as much fuss over the
tourist as if they were cannibals and expected
to have the wanderer served at a banquet.
The tourist is all right; and as long as he keeps
within the law he is entitled due consideration, courtesy and fair treatment. But after all,
the revenue derived from the motor car tourist
traffic is pretty evenly balanced. The equivalent of what a community gains from tourists
passing through its midst is usually spent by
its own citizens touring in other parts of the
country. Tbe town that goes to sleep expecting to make a permanent living off the tousist
trado will wake up in the near future to find
that it has been dreaming.
Germany's floating debt on August 31 was
more than one quadrillion marks. In round
figures it was 1,235,067,000,000,000. It looks
big; but the creditors Would probably be willing to accept a couple of Canadian dollars and
call it square.
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Cement and Plaster
Poultry Supplies
E. W. Beatty, president of the Canadian
Pacific railway, seems to have a very good
conception of what is required to develop Canada. The trouble with the development of the
couutry to its fullest extent in the past has
been that an attempt "las been made to de -
uelop it by passing resolutions instead of by
doing actual work. Whenever a community
has been in need of an improvement the board
of trade, or some other civic organization, has
been called together aud resolutions passed
asking the government or some corporation
to do it; and all the time the weeds were growing in the gardens or on the farms of the
public-spirited citizens who attended the
meeting. Resolutions in their proper places
are respectable entities of society; but when
multiplied too often they become bores and
no one pays any attention to them. A good
dose of Mr. Beatty's remedy would do Canada good.   It would do Grand Forks good.
Grand Forks, B. C.
established 1910
Real Estate and Insurance
Resident Agent Qmnd Forks Townsite
Company, Limited
Farm*     Orchards    City Property
'.'Agenta at Nelson, Calgary, Wlbnipeg and
other Prairie points. Vanoouver Agents:
Established in 1910, we are In a position to
lurnlsh reliable information couoerning this
Write tor tree literati! re
It is difficult for a town to be prosperous in
which over 50 per cent of its citizens are pay
ing installments on automobiles and Fords.
The little cottage at Shailowford, England,
in which Izaak Walton lived and wrote the
Compleat Angler has been bought and will be
endowed as a shrine and a place of pilgrimage
for fishermen the woald over. Izaak Walton
was a convinced lover of the spart of angling,
but he can hardly have dreamed that more
than two generations after his death the modest little house in which he wrote his modest
little book would be so highly valued, But
fishermen are a devoted band, and their veneration for the first articulate lover oj their
craft is deep.
Keeping timber for B.C. Industries?
Keeping alive a prosperous payroll?
j|Keeping fur and feather in B.C.?
Keeping timber for manufacture?
Keeping a green forest for posterity?
Prevent Forest Fires
Country fairs are still being held in this
province where a spud was never known to be
grown within ten miles of the towns where
they are held. The principal object in holding them seems to be get the government
gran*". As the farmer pays this through the
nose we fail to see how he is benefited. It
would be better to reduce his taxes to this
extent and to let the fairs finance themselves
on their merits.
The -L party of British Columbia has made
many statements abeut the Oliver government spending the paople's money recklessly.
Of course the government is spending money
—but not recklessly. It takes money to properly carry on the business of the province.
What most people grumble at is, that the
government is not spending enough money.
They imagi e that the Canadian dollar can be
printed as easily as the Gernjan mark. They
do not realize that it has to be raised by taxation. There are delegations from all parts of
the province in Victoria every day in the week
asking for grants and urging the government
to spend money in order to improve times in
communities where the people are unwilling to
help themselves. All have plausible stories to
tell. So much for the government spending
money. Hut what would the £ party do if it
were in power? lt is spending money lavishly now for printing and advertising in order
to gain power. Would it be more economical
with the funds in the public treasury?
Don't be afraid of criticism,   We all
calling down as well as boosting up.
An interesting modern departure in education is the plan to convert an army transport
into a floating preparatory school for college
and send it round the world, The school will
be in session nine months in the year; will be
as strict in its requirements as the best fitting
schools and carry a staff of competent teachers
Thc cost will be no greater than at a fitting
school of the same quality on shore. And yet
"educators," have laughed at poor Olivea Optic
for fifty years! Now they have—so to speak—
jumped his claim.
If the League of Nations succeeds in averting another conflict in Europe it will have
justified its existence and the peice it has cost
the nations will be a mere bagatelle.
One of the oldest and most famous printing
firms in New York, which has in the past done
as fine and artistic book work as has ever been
done on this continent, has gone ont of busi
ness. The president of the concern says that
under present conditions in the printing trade
it is impossible to get workmen who can do
the sort of work by which the firm made its
reputation, and that, even if the men could be
found, there is no longer any real appreciation
of really fine printing or demand for it.
Transfer Company
City Baggage and General
Wood and
for Sale
Office at R. t. Petrie's Store
Phone 64
C.V. Meggitt
|Iieal Estate and Insurance
Exosllent facilities fot selling your funis
-  -   —     '•   coast and Prairie
We have agents at
Sellable lnformatioo rogardlog this dislrot
obeerfullj- famished, we solicit your is*
Wholesale and Retail
Dealer in!
Havana Cigars, Pipe*
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand Forka, B. C
That there aro any poor people in the world
today is an unsolved puzzle. It is so easy to
become independently rich. Every country
teems with experts and supermen who, for a
small consideration, will guarantee to transform any pauper into a millionaire over night.
Every mail brings a dozen circular letters to
The .Sun from self-styled experts telling us
that we can make an independent fortune in
an incredibly short time if we will purchase
their scheme of doing busiuess. (The secret will
be divulged on payment of a stipulated fee.)
.Some of these supermen may have walked
through a country printing office once or
twice; others have perhaps only had a few
confidential interviews with the "devil" in the
o4ncient History"
Item, Taken Prom The Qrand Porka Son for the Corresponding
•Week Twenty Yean Age
The new high school was opened in the public school
building Tuesday morning with an initial enrollment of
fifteen student. George Clark, late of the Nelson publio
school, assumed tbe principalship.
About seventy-five Grand Forks citizens attended the
Labor day celebration in Phoenix last Saturday.
Mayor Burrell has been invited by the management of
the Nelson Industrial Fair to act as one of the judges of
the fruit exhibit.
The Granby company will duplicate its present plant in
Grund Forks.
The negotiations commenced a few weeks ago for the
transfer of the Volcanic property, ten miles north of this
city, toa Michigan syndiate, came to a successful conclusion this week, when the first payment was made on a
working rond on the mine.
Furniture Made to Order.
Also Repairing of ail Kinds.
Upholstering Neatly   Don
City   Real Estate For
Applications for immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by the City, within "the
Municipality, are invited.
Prices t—-From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Terms s—-Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may be seen at the
City Office.
City Clerk.-
We have a complete line of shot shells and
rifle ammunition. 16, 20, 12 and 10 ga. shot
shells. All sizes rifle ammunition. Let us
fill your requirements for the hunting season.
For the dark evening try an EVER-READY
FLASHLIGHT.   A full stock of batteries.
FRUIT LADDERS at reduced prices.
8 ft. $4.80       10 ft. $6.00       12 ft. $7.20
Hardware and Furniture
It's the worst wheel that
makes the most noise in the
If you greatly admire a
quality you have at least a
a trace of it yourself.
1' 'Tis the heart's voice alone can reach the
heart."—De Mussett.
The invention of the telephone resulted, not
from an effort to find a means of communication, but from the deep pity in the heart of
the inventor for those without the ability to
hear the human voice.
The range of the unaided voice is only a
few feet; but the same voice speaking into the
telephone may be heard a mile or three thou-.
sand Jjmiles away. The inflections, the accents, the individuality are all transmitted
The telephone stands ready day or night to
transmit your voice to relative, friend, or any
with whom you have need of speech. The
telephone is the universal instrument.
Tell The People
What  You   Have
to Sell •y
Quebec, the Old World Province
*L Tke Calteke, a neons of conveyance much favoured by visitors to Quebec.
8. An old brick oven, the like of wblcji was used la France four centuries a nro.
ft. Chateau Frontenac, Uucbcc. the most modern hostelry on the continent, from a glorious height looks down
is old Quebec and on the early battle fields.
4. Ancient aad modern. The Httle cannon captured by the Britlah at Bunker Hill, rests near the Quebec
itadel by the aide of a howitzer which  fell to the  Canadians, In the Great War.
5   Though their farms nre modern, some farmers atlll uae the oz aa beaat of burden In the back country.
rHESE are just a few pictures taken in Quebec. It is
not without reason that this province is becoming the
tourist resort of the continent, for here is a country of
utmost fascination and intrigue. Quebec has an atmosphere all its own and, if it can be said, more of an old-
world atmosphere than has the old-world of today.
Quebec is the eighteenth century keeping pace with the
twentieth, yet retaining its identity.
One stops at little wayside shrines. The wooden
cross, the patron saint in effigy, the nurtured flowers, the
woman at her distaff, the white-walled houses close at
hand transport you to the distant land from whence the
original settlers came. Yet, over there, beyond that
little hedge or cedar fence the farmer gathers in hia
crop with up-to-date machinery, and stores it in a modern
barn. Behind, the hum of the telegraph wire reminds
you that you are not living in a by-gone day and, if that
Is not enough, through the not too distant fields, a huge
train thunders.
Near the white walls the lady of the house draws
water from the old-fashioned well, and bakes her bread
in an old brick oven, the like of which was used by her
ancestors in France four centuries ago. She spins her
own wool and shares with her husband a faith, which
though not old-fashioned, is almost as old as the Christian
era. A kindly hospitable soul is she, nor is she always
backward In learning, for she probably attended the
convent of the Ursulines at Quebec, or la petite tScole at
Loulseville. And her husband—He may be content
to wear the homespun, to sit around the fire, or on the
threshold at night, to smoke his "Rouge Quesnel" and to
drive five miles to church early on all holidays in his
buggy or in the straw lined cart that is used about the
farm, but he "knows his letters" and, better still, he
knows how to farm.
The Quebec Farm is usually up-to-date. Yoar
"habitant gets all that can be got from the soil, and if
«m lit witb him and talk you will see that he gets the
fullness of life too. Give him the simple pleasures. He is
happy if he can re-tell the story of the big moose he shot
by "Lac Saint Pierre" and the bear. He is some trapper
too, "for sure I catch him lots of skin, me!"
The "old man," the "old woman" and that large, very
large family, are content as seldom people are, and rightly
so, for theirs is a rich heritage, and beautiful. The mighty
St. Lawrence and its thousand tributaries, the glorious
Laurentians, with their wooded slopes, the forests, lakes
and myriad streams give them a country almost unexcelled for beauty. Game and fish abound as has been
discovered by sportsmen from outside. Moose, trout,
maskinonge, the big black bass, bear, deer and caribou.
From a historians point of view Quebec is the hunting
ground of the continent. Quebec city is one huge
souvenir of the early days of Canadian settlement. Lost
and re-captured several times her old Walls still bear the
marks of storm, and the old cannons still guard the city
and the approaches to the citadel.
The history of Quebec is the history of Canada, priest,
soldier and pioneer settler each having played a glorious
fiart in the making of it. With the fair Dominion as a
asting memorial to their valor and courage. Quebec links
them with the present day; their faith, piety, and the
work they commenced are being preserved and carried
on by the present generation. The relics of their day
scattered here and there, and on almost every street, look
down or out upon the most modern improvements of
the age. the railways, and the huge" Canadian Pacifie
and other steamships at the docks, but lose not their
identity, and in the case of buildings and public places,
their charm and interest.
All through Quebec province, and in the most unexpected places one comes across historic links with the
past Like her people Quebec is quiet, peaceful, and does
not crave the limelight, but Quebec Is not and cannot
be overlooked. It is an old world, full of charm, within
tha new.
An Efficient Librarian
A school teacher in a Mostern town,
wishing to learn more about the
stories of Edgar Allan Poe, enquired
at the delivery desk of the rural
library for the Qold Bug and added:
"I can't seem to find it in the cata
logue, but lam sure yen have it. A
friend of mine had it out last week.''
The librarian, who was new and
very young, glanced at the drawer of
the card catalogue over which the
teacher had been poring and then
"No wonder, Miss Smith," she ex.
plained with patient gentleness. "You
were looking under 'fiction.' I think
that if you will turn to 'entomology'
you won't have any trouble."
The Disillusioned i an
Among the fugitive pieces written
by the late Sir Walter Raleigh, English scholar and man of letters, and
collected in a book called Laughter
From a Cloud, are these charming
though gently cynical lines. They are
supposed  to be the reflections of an
UNLESS you see the name "Bayer" on tablets, you
are not getting Aspirin at all
Accept only an "unbroken package" of "Bayer Tablets of
Aspirin," which contains directions and dose worked out bj
physicians during 22 years and proved safe by millions foi
Colds Headache Rheumatism
Toothache       Neuralgia Neuritis
, Earache Lumbago Pain, Pain
Handy "Bayer" boxes of 12 tablets—Also bottles of 24 and 100—Druggists.
Aspirin Is the trade mark (rcBlstrrocl in Canada) of Bayor Manufacture of Mono-
acetlcacldester of Snllcyllcacld. Whllo It Is well known that Aspirin means liayer
manufacture, to assist thu public agulnst Imitations, tbe Tablets of Bayer Oompany
will ba stamp**! witb thslr general trade marls, tli* ''Bant Cross*."
elderly man who has just come home
from a garden party:
I wish I loved the human race;
I wish I loved its silly face;
I wish I liked the the way it walks;
I wish 1 liked the way it talks;
And when I'm introduced to one
I wjsh I thought, "What jolly fun!"
Modest But Truthful
A certain lawyer had found the
witness difficult to manage, says
Harper's Magazine, and finally asked
the man whether or not he was at>
quainted with any of the men whom
he saw in tbe jury box.
"Yes, sir," replied the witness,
"more than half of them."
eire an
Protection of migratory birds has
been added to the duties of the
Canadian Pacific Railway's constabulary.
Airplanes attached to the Ontario Forestry Department are now
equipped with radio sending apparatus so that they can keep in constant touch with the chief and other
There was an increase of sixty-
three per cent in the number of immigrants to Canada during the last
three months as compared with tha
corresponding period st last year.
Canadian Pacific agents in Brit-
air recruited nearly live thousand
men for work in the harvest fields
of Western Canada and, through
lack of steamship accommodation
closed their doors on as many mora
who, attracted by the special harvest rate, sought to enter Canada.
The branch lines program of the
Canadian Pacific Railway carried
out this year will bring into operation on the prairies a larger mileage
than any one year sinee 1914. Of
the 431 miles of line nnder construction, 281 miles will be ready for
handling grain in the Fall, and of
the balance, 115 miles will be ready
for steel by the winter freeze-up.
A building has been acquired by
the University of Toronto to be entirely devoted to the manufacture
of insulin. This will be the only
factory in Canada to manufacture
the curative fluid in commercial
quantities and, although it is manufactured in the United States, Qreat
Britain and Denmark, tht Canadian
product will be sold throughout the
Dawson City recently celebrated
the twenty-seventh anniversary af
the discovery of the Klondyke. In
an exhibition of Yukon products
cabbages 16 inches in diameter and
weighing thirty pounds, potatoes as
big as a man's head, pumpkins as
big as watermelons, wheat, oats and
barley bore witness to the fertility
of the Yukon soil. Side by aid*
with these ranged gold nuggets,
gold dust and silver bars.
Dr. James Inches, Commissioner
of Police, Detroit, and a guest at tha
Canadian Pacific Bungalow Camp at
Nipigon, holds the record for tha
biggest speckled trout caught in tha
Nipigon River this season, having
captured a fish weighing 7% pounds.
This catch was above the average,
but a large number of six pounders
have been taken from the Nipigon
this season. Several years ago, and
from practically the same place, Dr.
J. W. Cook, of Fort William, caught
the world's -**,c.ex*J —. -*-i«j sw ■•*
wtiich weighed fourteen and one-half
pounds, and was more than two and
a half feet long.
A record was established recently
when one of the latest type of Canadian Pacific locomotives drew a train
of 42 cars of newsprint, weighing
more thnn 1.100 tons, from the plant
of the Abitibi Pulp and Paper Company, North Bay. to Toronto, without mishap. Ordinarily, it would
have taken two passenger engines
to haul such a load for the 320
miles. After proving its worth by
this feat the huge engine, together
with an all steel train consisting of
the latest model tourist, dining and
sleeping cars, and a baggage and
compartment car, formed part of the
Canadian Pacific exhibit at tha National Exhibition at Toronto,
"Are you willing   toswear that
you know more than half of ihem?" |
demanded the lawyer.
"Why,"retorted the witness, "ifl
it comes to that, I'm willing to swear
that I know more than all of tbem I
put together."
There's a good deal of education
for a young fellow in owning a share
or two of divideud-paying stock.  AI
dividend makes as interesting a lecture on economics as any professor |
can give.
The shortest
thing in the
isn't a mosquito's eyelash or a gnat's
whisker, or any other part of any insect
whatsoever--IT IS TtfE MEMORY OF
If yon doubt this ask the first men
men you meet the following questions>
31 When did the R34 cross the Atlantic?
Who was her pilot? On What date was
Lord Kitchener drowned? What was
the name of the ship that blew up and
almost wipei out the city of Halifax?
What Ger.nau submarine torpedoed
the Lusilania?
It is a safe bet that you would not
get one correct answer.
Now do you see the necessity of persistent advertising? When the details
of events of world wide importance are
so soon forgotten how do you expect
the public to remember you unless
YOU TELL'EM—and keep telling them?
One step won't take very far,
You've got to keep on walking}
One word won't tell folks who you are,
You've got to keep on talking;
One inch won't make you very tall,
You've got to keep ou growing;
One little ad. won't do it all,
You've got to keep them going.
This Alberta farmer arrived in Canada this week from
land.    Do you know who it is?
Brown started out without a cent;
He's rich now and still rising;
Some say 'twas luck; some say 'tw
left for town without a driver before Trustee Lawrence had time to
get into the rig.
Born—In Grand Forks, on Thursday. September 13th, to Mr. and
*Mrs. Thomas Woods, a son.
News of the Gity
In tbe ist of Americans killed at
Yokohama in the Japanese catastrophe was the mttne uf Miss Kate
Hoffman, formerly of this city.
Miss Huffm in -vas connected witb
a large importing firm in Yokohama.
Sbe was a daughter of Mrs. Kate
KoffoQin, who c inducted a restaur
rent io this city in pioneer days and
who died in Spokane a few yea.s
ago. A brother of deceased, VV. H.
Hoffman, of Auyox, visited Qrand
Forks tbis summer.
The partial eclipse of tbe sun on
Monday did not create mucb excitement locally, although those wbo
possessed smoked glasses obtained
a good view of tbe important event.
Tbe moon did not interfere witb lbe
snn's regular occupation for any
considerable period of time.
J. T. Lawrence's horses take a
very deep interest in educational
matters. Tuesday evening they
were in so mucb of a hurry to get to
the school board meeting tbat tbey
The new Continental remedy called
is a sample harmless home-treatment which
absolutely cures doafnus-, tioiset. In thc head,
for thin new Ointment, instantly operates
upon the affected parts with complete mid
Mrs. K. Wilkinson, of Slad Koad, Stroud,
writes:—"Pieuse could trouble you to semi
me another box of tbe Ointment. It is not (or
inyflcif, but for a friend of mine who is as bad
as I was,and cannot get nny rest forthe noises
In the head. 1 feel a new woman, and oan go
to bed now and get u good night's rest, vvnich
I had not been able to do for many months.
It ts a wonderful remedy and I am mott do
lighted to recommend it,"   :   ,   ,
Mrs. E.Crowe, of Whitehorse Road, Oroy-
don, writes:— "I am pleased to tell you tbat
the small tin of  ointment you sent to me at
Vent 11 or, has proved a complete success, my
hearins is njwiiulte normal, and tbe horrible head noises have ceased. The action of
this uew remedy must be very remarkable,
for I have been troubled with these complaints for nearly teu years- aud have had
some of the very best medioal advice together
with other expensive instruments  all to no
fsurpose. I need hardly nay how very tf rate-
til I am, for my life hus undergone an entire
Try one box to-day, whioh can be forwarded
to any address on receipt of money order for
Address orders to:—
10, South View, Watlin^ St., Dartford,
Kent, England.
Call al Donaldson's and
see the best buy in men's
work shoes on the market today.
Also don't forget to look
at the new line of
These are real bargains.
Mr. and Mrs. M. McKay and
family, from tbe coast, are visiting
at tbe bome of Mrs. McKay's
W. J. Penrose returned to his
bome at Long Beach, California,
last Saturday, after visiting for two
or tbree weeka at the home of Mr.
and Mre. A. Baumgartner.
Miss L. Hayes, who is taking the
place of MisH Spence as teacher in
tbe Doukbubor school,arrived in the
city laBt Sunday from Armstrong.
Up to tbe first of tbe week three
cars of fall apples had been shipped
trom the cedtral packing house,
five from Carson and one from the
"spud spur" at the Y.
Tbe Independent Liquor company, of Greenwood, is moving its
stock to this city this week.
Mr. and Mrs. D.
daughter visited
McPherson and
Greenwood  on
Fruit prices seem to have resolved
themselves into a secret society
without giving out tbe pass-word to
any one.
Our Groceries are constantly moving,
and they are therefore always fresh and
in prime condition. We make a specialty
high grade Teas and Coffees.
Phone 25        H. H. Henderson, Prop.
IT brings the whole country for miles around within easy reach.
Ha\*e you seen the new models? They're as graceful as swallows! As
bright as new coin! As weatherproof as a duck? Automobile Steel
Bearings. Frame of English Seamless Steel Tubing. Hard Maple
Rims. Hercules Brake. Everything complete. Real Quality. Real
Value. Easy Terms. We are tbe people'to mount you right.
J. R. MOOYBOER gB3Sr;8i8Srt
Open Saturday Evenings Till 10 o'Cloek
narrow tube of basketwork called a
tipiti, with a loop at either end. She
forces the pulp into the press, which
she then hangs up by one of the loops
Through the lower iood she inserts a
long, stout pole, which she runs under
some convenient object, which serves
as a fulcrum. Then she sits on the
free end of the pole, and her weight
stretches the press and forces the
liquid through the interstices of the
baskotwork. The liquid is caught in
a pottery vessel and is made into cas •
sareep, the favorite condiment of the
South American Indian,
The wet mass is taken frcm the
press and spread on a large fiat dish
of pottery with a raised rim; under
the dish a fire is built. If stirred
rapidly the preparrtion will not cake
into large masses but will quickly
agglomerate into small, irrqgular pel-
ets, which are the tapioca of com.
Mining With a Feather
Placer mining in Mongolia is a
primitive process compared even with
the American pioneer method of wash
ing out gold in a pan. The Mongol—
so Dr. Ferdinand Ossendowaki tells
us iu his book Beasts, Men and Gods
—lies flat on the ground, brushes the
sand aside with a feather and keeps
blowing into the little excavation so
formed. From time to time he wets
his finger and,picking upon it a small
bit of grain gold or a diminutive nug -
get, drops it into a little bag hanging
under his chin. In that way he collects adout a quarter of an ounce, or
five dollars' worth of gold a day.
If you wish to accomplish great
things, busy yourself with wbat the
mediocre refer 1*%%* "mere details."
Don't regret too mujh your ups
and downs; after all the only man
wbo hag none is io the cemetery,
SEALED TENDERS will bs received by tbt
Minister of Lands at Viotorla not later than
noon on the 27th day of Seutemlier, 1928, for
tbe purohase of Lloenoe XfiStO, to cut 1,225,000
feet ol Pine. Flr and Tamarao, and 21,560 Kail
waylTles, ou an area situated on Wild Horse
Oreek, West Kork Kettle Klver, Similkameen
Land Distrlot.
Three (8) years will be allowed (or removal
of timber.
Further particulars of the Chief Forester,
Victoria, B. C, or Distrlot Forester, Nelson,
B. O.
Donaldson s
Phone 30     V
John Wright, of the Granby company, is teacbiig Mayor Hull how
to catch fish st Nanaimo.
The  hunting
season  opens   to«
Tips on Tapioca
What do you know about tapioca?
Well, it is round; it is made of—of—
Let Charles W. Mead help us out; in
Natural History be describes how the
Indians of Brazil manufactnre the
starchy, jellylike globulrs.
The Indian woman, he says, takes
a large piece of bitter cassava root in
both hands and rubs it back and forth
on a board studded with huudreds of
sharp pebbles until the root is ren
dnced to pulp. When she has grated
a sufficient quantity she presses as
much water out of it as possible. For
this purpose she us:s as a press a long,
The Child Was Right   ,
The teacher was giving the kins
dergarten class a lesson in natural
history. Turning to one small tot,
she inquired, "What do elephants
have that no other animals have?"
"Little elephants," was the surprising reply,
Although warnings against the
forestfire menace have been sent out
repeatediy, Hon. T. D Pattullo,
minister of lands, has another appeal
to make to the citizens of British
Columbia. The hazardous season has
arrived and care during the next tw o
months will mean a saving of millions
of dollars.
Notice is hereby given thlt I will
not be responsible for any debts contracted by my wife after the 3rd day
of September,  1923.
SEALED TENDERS will be reoeived by the
Distrlot Forester, Nelson, not later than
noon on the 22nd day' of September, tfi'JX,
forthe purohase of Lioence X5485, near Neff
Creek, North Fork Kettle Bver, to cut 12,500
lineal feet ol I'oles and 3000 H»wn Ties.
One year will be allowed for removal of
Further particulars of the District Forester, Nelson.
Notice of Intention to   Apply  to
Purchase Lund
In Similkameen   Laud   District, Recording
Distrlot, and situate at the south end of
Christina Lake, adjoining- a sfflall part ol
Lot498J whioh part of lot Is owned by Andrew Willey).
TAKK NOTICE that I, Andrew Willey, of
Bonnington Falls B. C, occupation Electrician,  Intends to apply for permission to
Surchasa the following   described    lauds:
ommenoincr at a post planted at the southeast
corner of ray part of Lot 408; thence North to
corner of Lot498; tbenoe southeast,following
Can. Paolflo liailway to a point due east of
polntof commencement; Ihetsee due west to
point   of   commencement   and   containing
Twenty aores, more or less.
Dated June 27th, 1928.
K. a. Ritchie. Agent.
SEALBD TBNDERS will be received by the
Minister of Lands at Victoria not later than
noon on the. 27th day of   September,
for thc purchase of Licence   X5257,
to out
If you wish to accomplinh great
things, busy yourself with what the
mediocre refer to as "mere trifles."
See our new Shop, just opening up,
in the
We Will Garry a Full Line of
Electrical Supplies
and will do
All kinds of Electrical Repair Work.
House Wiring.
Long   distance   Receiving
Sets,—several makes.
Parts to Build Your Own
Canadian   Blind    Jiabios'  Home
|Nursery. Hospital aaa  .iader^artea
Dominion  Chartor,   Without Stoek Subscription.
DlKEOrOUS-Uon, Mart!a IWrell, Hon, President; Hou. J. Q.Turriff,
President; A. H. fc" .'.iiii nm,Vli) l\'j-i 11 it; Klwii'l (irini, .SiaiviUry,
<J. Blaolcett RobUna, On-. Seoratary* J. H". MoKlaley, Treasurer; Lt.-Col.
Whiton, M.I), It. I. Ot npball, riiocnas Mulvoy, K.U, A. K. Provost, W.
Lyle Reid, \. J. HV.iniu, Ohirles H. Piuhey, 0.HI, W. J, Cairns, and Tom
TRUSTEES—C. H. Piuhey, O.E, Thomas Mulvey. K.C, A. J. Preidraan
Legal Adviser Bankers Auditor
John I. MacCrackeu, K.C.    Boyal t-Wiik of Cinada.     A. A. Crawley, C. A.
The Objects of t'lU Institution, for which Incorporation was recently obtained, are: "To provide a Home and ttafuge for Baby and Infant Blind; to
provide free Suiontiic Ciro, Training and Maintenance; to Save the Lives of
even a few of the mtny of sujli unfortunates, who, for the lack of such service, parish overy yeir; and to return these little ones to iheir parents, at
sohool age with uui-ia.il, healthy bodies and sound minds."
This is a large and greatly needed Child Welfare Service. Careful enquiry
at the Government offices in tbe venous provinces reveals the fact that there
are at the presant time nearly 250 Infant Blind in the Dominion. Nothing
has yet been done for those helpless little ones. In the United States, 16
years ago, the flrst home was opened in New York City; they have now homes
in 13 States, all doing excellent work. In England, some time ago, Sir Arthur Pearson organized "Sunshine House," Cborley Wood, for Blind Babies,
and he claims that it is the only one in the British Empire. Let us have the
SECOND in Canada. To reach this worthy end money is urgently required.
Fifty Thousand Dollars is the present objective of the Boaad. While the
Home is to be locited in Ottawa it will take in the Baby Blind from every
province, so that this APPEAL for funds will'be Dominion wide, and an
early and generous response is confidently expected. Cheques should be made
payable to the Canadian Blind Babies Home Association. All remittances
will be promptly acknowledged.
$00,000 feet ot Flr, Tamarao and Spruce. 8,000
Ties,aud 110,000 lineal leet ol Poles, on an
area situated on Cameron Creek, North
Fork oi Kettle Klver. surveyed aa Lot 184SS
and portion of Lot talis, similkameen Land
Throe (I) years will be allowed for removal
of timber.
Further particulars ot, the Chief Forester,
Victoria, II. 0„ or District Forester, Nelson,
B O.
SBALHB TENDERS will bc rooelved by the
Minister of Lands, at Viotorla, nol later
than noon on the 28th day September, 1923,
for the purchase of Lloenoe X4601, to cut
1920,000 feet ol Fir. Spruoe, Tamarack and
Cedar: 827.500 lineal feet of Cedar Poles; 101.000
Ties; 1,400 cords of Cordwood; and 1,500 cords
of Fence Posts, on an area situated on 4th
July Creek, M ratios west of Grand forks.
Similkameen Distrlot.
Three (8) years will be allowed for removal
of timher. . "F
Further particulars of the Chief Forester'
Viotoiia, B. C.. or Distrlot Forester, Nelson,
B. C.
Dominion Monumental Works
AabsFsatoa Products Co. Roofinft
Check Books
We have secured the
agency for Grand
Forks of a large
Western Publishing
House which manufactures a superior
grade of Counter
Check Books—carbon back and carbon
leaf styles.
Prices Are Right
Encourage Western   .
enterprises and keep
Western   money   in
the West.
Any Quantity
from 100 up to 2500
The Sun
Job Department
-TT4-IE value oi well-
printed, neat appearing stationery as
a means of getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
Wedding invitations
Ball programs
Business cards
Visiting cards
Sh'ppiug tags
Letterheads "     »
Price lists
New Type
Latest Style
Columbia Avenue and
,    lake Street
THE HUB—Bring your boot
and shoe repairs to my
shop for neat and prompt
work. Look for the big
boot.-GEO.   ARMSON
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty"
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yalk Hotkl, First Stkbkt
n -   ^Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
, j.Ulnliuuni prloe ol Urat-olsus land reduood
to t*au aore; second-class tofi.Suao actu..
Pre-emptiou uow couiliied to surveyed
lauds ouly.
Heoords will be grauted ooveriug ouly land "
suitable for agricultural purposes aud whioli
is uuu-timber land.
Partnership pre-emptions abolished, bnt
parties of uot more thau four may arrange
Ior adjacent pre-emptions with joint residence, bui eaoh making ueoessary improvements ou respective claims.
Pre-emptors must oooupy claims for Ave
years aud make improvements to value ol 111)
per aore, including oleariug uud cultivation
of at least It aores. beiore receiving Crowu
Where pre-emptor'in ucoupatiou not less
tban t years, aud has made proportionate
Improvements, he may, beoausc of ill-health,
or other oause, be grauted Intermediate cor-
cilloate of improvement aud trausfer his
itecords without permaueut residenoe may
be issued, provided upplioaut makes im -
provements to extent oi SHUa per annum aud
reoords same each year. Fuiiure to make im*
provements or record same will operate as
forfeiture. Title oaunot be obtained iu less
tbau 6 years, aud improvcineuts of *1U.UU per
acre, including 5 aores oieared aud cultivated,
uud resideuce uf at least two years are res
I're-ciuptor holding Crown graut may reoord uuother pre-euiptiou, if he requires laud
iisconjuuotlou witli his farm without actual
occupation, provided statutory improvcineuts
aud resideuce maiutuiued ou Crowu grauted
Uusurveyed areas, uot exoeediug UU aores.
may be leased as homesites; title tu be ob •
talueu after fulUlliui residential aud improvement conditions.
Forgruxiugaud industrial purposes areaa
exoeediug IHU aores may be Issued by one person or company.
Mill, factory or industrial sites on timber
laud exoeediug 10 aeres may be purohased s
condition, iuolude paymcut of stumpage.
Natural bay meadowsluaoaesslble by existing roads may be purohased conditional upon
construction of a roud to them. Rebate o f
one-half of coat oi road, uot exoeediug half
uf purohase prloe is made.
Ihe scope ol this Act is enlarged to Iuolude
all persous joining or nerving with Hla
Maleity's Foroes. The time within whioh Idle
heir, or devisees ol a dceeasedpre-emptor
may apply lor title under tbls Act is extended
fjvjin uue year from the death of suoh
persou.as formerly, uutil one Tear alter the
eonolusiou ol the present war. Thle privilege
la alao mad* retroactive.
No fees relating to pre-emptions are due or
payable by soldiers on pre-amptloue recorded
after June ie, IM*.   far
Ure years.
after June itl, mn.  Taxes areremitted (br
m years.
I'rovlsion.loi return ol moneys accrued, due
.ud been paid siuce August 4,1(14, on ae-
oount of payments, fees or taxes on soldiers'
Interest on agree incuts to purehaae town or
oity lots Held uy members of Allied Force*,
or dependents, acquired direct or indireet,
remitled.from enlistment tu Maroh II, 1W0.
1'rovlsiou mada for issuanoe ot Crowu
grants to "iib-purchasers of Grown Lands,
wbo failed to oomplete purehaae. involving
forlaiture, on fulfillment of conditions of
purchaae, Interest and taxes. Where sub-
purehases do not olaim whole of orignol par-
eel, purchaae price due and taxee may he distributed proportionately over whole area.
Apportions must bc made by May 1, WW.
WW. for systematic develop-
veetook industry provides for gran-
Graaing Act,
_ient of livestock industry . _   . _
ing districts and range administration uuder
Commissioner. Annual graaing permits
iaaued based ou numbers ranged) priority for
established ownera, Stook-owuere mar tons
Associations for range management. Free,
or partially free,permita for settlers, e
or travellers, up to ten head.
I have opened a new harness shop and am prepared
to make harness to order
and do all kinds of repair
work. Shop equipped witb
modern machinery. All work
C. A. Crawford


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