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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Jul 28, 1922

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Array GRAND FORKS
is   situated   in
the center of Graud Corks valley, the
premier fruit growing district of
Southern British Columbia. Mining
and lumbering are also important
industries in districts contiguous to
the city.
TWENTY-FIRST YEAR—No 3B
Kettle Valley Orchardist
THP **\\ 11M '■- **'10 favor'te "ew(<-
lilE. aKJll*] paper of the citizens
of the district. It iB read by more
people in the city and valley than any
other paper because it is fearless, reliable, clean, bright and entertaining.
It is always independent but never
neutral.
GRAND FORKS, B. C, FRIDAY,   JULY 28, 1922
"Tell me whsl you Know Is tins:
I csn (uea- as well ss you.
$1.00 PER YEAR
SHOW FOB 1922
Fruit Trade Gommission-
erSmith Describes Marketing Method in Great
Britain
J. Forsyth Stnitb, Dominion fruit
trade commissioner in Gr. at Britain,
and R. G. L. Clarke, Dominion fruit
inspector for British Columbia, discussed questions pertaining to tbe
fruit industry in the G. W.V A. hall
on Monday eveniog. Tbe audience
was small, owing, no doubt, to the
fact tbat this is the farmer's busy
season.
Mr. Clarke predicted tbat tbe
Grand Forks growers would come
into their own witb the completion
of the irrigation system. He went
fully into the paoking question, and
eaid it would pay the pro wees to
eee that a little more time and expense was put into tbe packing and
■hipping of the fruit. The grower,
he said, loses more money through
rebates on spoiled and poorly
graded iruit tban he does ou low
selling prices. Too much, he continued, is often expected from the
packing house managers, wbo can
not run about the country to solicit
fruit and to keep in toucb witb tbe
growers and conditions as well as
watch his pack as it should be
watched.
"I am a firm believer in cooperation," said Mr. Clarke, "not only in
cooperation between all tbe Iruit
houses, but between the growers and
the men wbo handle and ship tlieir
fruit The grower himself sbould nl*
ways havesome eay in iln. way hie
fruit is handled. Cooperation in the
fruit business is the method whic
pays.
"While I have no association what
ever with Mr. Lowe," oontinued tbe
speaker, "I must give him credit
for one thing. In 1917, when prices
were the lowest since 1912, Mr.
Lowe as head of the Hales department of the O.U.G., got the highest
prices of any for that year. In 1917
Mr. Lowe could have broken tbe
private shippers, Instead the next
year he got all tbe shippers cooperating in the British Columbia
Traffic and Credit association for
better prices, and as a result $225,-
000 more came into tbe Okanagan
tbat year tban would otherwise
have come."
Mr. Clarke concluded bis address
by saying that wheu a grower got
more foi his fruit through a private
bouse<than his neighbor got through
a cooperative concern you always
beard about it, but wben he got less
the fact remained a secret with him,
Mr. Smith spoke at considerable
length on tbe method employed in
market fruit in Greut Britain and
on tbe Imperial Fruit >Sbow.
"British Columbia," he said,
"brought more medals from the
1921 show than any other province
in Canada, but tbis fact was somewhat overshadowed By Ontario winning the $500 cup for the aggregate of
points in the overseas division. An
entry from the Farmers' exchange,
Salmon Arm, came within four
points of winning the cup for Brit*
ish Columbia."
Mr. Smith said the outstanding
success of the exhibition waB very
largely due to the agent-general for
British Columbia and his staff,who,
under the expert guidance of P. J.
Carey, of tbe Dominion fruit branch,
worked early and Ute to make ii   a
featvre in every way worthy  of the
province.
For the 1922 show particular attention has been paid to the judging
and the class. » fn which Canada is
to compete with England nre to be
judged by a board of tbree—one to
be a Canadian appointed by the
fruit branch, Ottawa: one, the box
pack demonstrator, attached to the
British ministry of agriculture, and
the third a neutral, an Australian.
Stringent regulations are to be enforced, disqualifying all entries tbat
do not comply with all requirements,
All packs bnt the diagonal will be
disqualified; the riff raff pack, wbich
was largely iv evidence among English exhibits'last year, uauBt nol be
used. No packing material other
than wrapping and lining papers and
single sheets of thick or corrugated
paper at lops and bottoms is to be
permitted. Tbe end pack is permissible
The classes and entrance fees are
to be the same as last year, except
that there is an additional class in
the overseas section calling for six
half-boxes of pears. In the British
empire section the prizes for tbe
cooking and dessert classes are to be:
First, geld medal and £50 cash;
second, silver medal and £25 cssh;
and third, bronze medal and £10
cash. In the overseas section the
prizes will begold, silver and bronze
medals. In addition to theso substantial cash prizes bave been offered in eacb class by importers of
Canadian apples. Tbere will, bow
ever, be no £100 cup for tbe highest
aggregate of points; £20 will be
awarded to tbe best British Columbia exhibit in the overseas class and
£20 for ibe best British Columbia
exhibit in the British empire class.
The score card is to be as follows:
Packing (5 points each for attrac-
lireness of style, bulge, height at
ends, alignment, solidity or compactness, neatness in wrapping), 30
points; best commercial size, 10;
co or, finish, skin quality, 20; uni
fonnity of size and color, 20; condition, freedom from bruise or blein
ish, 15; flavor quality 5.   Total 100.
The show is to be held from October 27 to November 4. All entry
forms aod fees must be in the hands
of the fruit branch, Ottawa, on or
before Saturday, September 25. Exhibits must be delivered at the exhibition building, Crystal Palace.not
later than October 23.
It was particularly desirable, he
suid, tbat British Columbia, as tbe
latest of the fruit growing provinces
to enter ibe United Kingdom market, should be strongly represented
at tbe 1922 show, and he also urged
tbe Grand Forks growers to send an
exhibit.
REQUEENING APIARIES
ALL HANDS TO THE WHEEL
Many Orchards Now Being
Irrigated by Most Modern
System in British Columbia
Serious losses are caused each
year in Canadian beekeeping by
many beekeepers failing to replace,
with young and prolific queens, the
old and failing queens io their
colonies. With our more progressive
beekeepers it is becoming a common
practice to systematically requeen
eacb colony every two years, and in
some cases to requeen every year, as
young queens are more prolific as a
rule than queens more than one year
old.
In requeening tbe apiary lt is not
advisable to allow the bees to rear
their own queens promiscuously,
but to adopt some method of queen
rearing by whicb only queens from
tbe best strains are prod ueed, thereby
improving the strain of bees kept.
Although queens can be safely introduced at any time during the active season, the best time of the year
to requeen i- during a honey flow.
Ripe queen celis or mated queens
can be used. Tbe giving of ripe
queen   celte  ie perhaps tbe eaaieet
Water was turned on the land for the first time on
Monday morning on the completed section of Unit 1 of the
most modern irrigation system in British Columbia. This
is the first system in the province where concrete instead of
iron pipe is used. This is not an an experiment, however,
as there are several concrete-pipe systems sonth of the international boundary line in successful operation.
The pump house for Unit 1 is located on the Almond
ranch. The building and the pump foundation are constructed of solid concrete. Two electric motors, one being
150 h.p. and the other 110 h.p., supply the power for two
huge pumps.
The water is pumped from the river into two solid concrete reservoirs,  one  being 9\   feet  and the other 16£ feel
above the ground.     From these reservoirs the water i.s   dis
tributed over the entire unit through concrete pipes.
Two large concrete mains leave the reservoirs, the one
running east being 36 inches in diameter and the one running south 30 inches. As the distance from the reservoirs
increases and the need for a large volume of water is lessened, the size of the pipe decreases.
On Monday, with only one of the pumps pumping al
one-tenth its normal capacity, more than enough water was
raised to supply the ranchers ready to receive it. Only the
east line, paralleling the river, has been completed up to
the present time. It will be two or three weeks before the
south line is finished.
There is a weir, or hydrant, to every thirty acres of
land, and one,for each smaller parcel of land.
The concrete pipe stood the test admirably, not a single
leak being found over the entire line. The superiority of
concrete pipe over iron pipe for irrigation purposes i.s, that
concrete is practically everlasting, while iron pipe must be
renewed about every twenty years.
Major Graham is the engineer in charge ofthe installation ofthe system here, with W. Groves of Kelowna as thc
consulting engineer. W. J. Gallipeau is the local manager
for the Spokane Concrete Pipe company, which has the contract for supplying the pipe.
young prolific queen in time to build
up the colony wilh young bees for
tbe winter and makes tbe colony
more profitable tbe following spring.
Wheae a beekeeper bas no spare
queene ou baud, or is unable to ob
tain tbem, and it is necessary for
the colony to produce its own queen,
one cell can be left at the lime the
old queen is removed from the col
ony, but tbe colouy should be examined later to see if lbe youug
queen is Bafely mated and laying.—
C. B.Gooderham, Dominion Apiarist.
LIQUOR PROFITS
TO MARGH 31ST
The    distribution   of the    liquor
profits by the provincial government
is based on the figures obtained at the
last census as follows:
Alberni  $    1,118.12
I Armstrong  1,277.31
Chilliwack  2,653.16
, Courtenay   1,163.57
Cranbrook  3,732.98
Cumberland  1,398.30
Duncan...  1,670.72
Enderby   1,020 87
Fernie  6,409.06
Graud Forks  1,787.23
Greenwood  39554
KamloopB   6,727.89
Kaslo  1,475.44
Kelowna   3,613 51
Ladysmith   2,321 36
Merritt  2,883 87.
Nanaimo  13,203.40
Nelson  7,610.35
New Westminster  21,008.37
North Vancouver  10,732.63
Port Alberni  1,689.34
Port Coquitiam  3,627.70
Port Moody  1,195.67
Prince George  3,259,57
Prince Rupert  10,544.93
Revelstoke  3,553.86
Bosslaud  3,642.46
Salmon Arm  912.02
Slocan      461.06
Trail  4,916.37
Vaneouver  171,779.41
Vernon  5,669.78
Victoria  57.543 47
BUrnaby  20,383 04
Chilliwack  8,155.08
Coldstream  7 93.02
Cequitlam   4.236.98
Delta  4,573.65
Esquimau   7,440.4 -j
Fraser Mills  1,028.09
Kent  1,807.48
Langley  6,599 41
Maple Ridge  6,305.30
Matsqui  7,902.27
Mission     5,590.06
North Cowichan  4,261.57
North Vancouver  5,007.08
Oak Bay   8,743.31
Peachland  087.23
Penticton  6,305.80
Pitt Meadows   704 32
PointGroy  34,497.65
Richmond   8,205.15
Saanich  10,77199
Salmon Arm  0,516.55
Smithers   1,381.89
Sbuch Vancouver  49,854.18
Wost Vancouver  7,902.27
Spalluineheen   2,195.00
Sumas  916,31
Summerland  2,539.66
Surrey  8,166.03
OF CIT! COUNCIL
Report on Amount of
Water Now Available in
Mill and Hull Creeks.
Increase in Receipt of
City Revenues
Total  $000,021.27
FOSTER'S FORECAST
method of requeening, but there is
a danger -of queen cells being destroyed or the young queen being
lost on ber mating flight, leaving the
colony hopelessly queenless. The
system recommended is to rear
queens by the cell cup method at
lhe commencement of the main
honey flow from clover and to have
queens mated from small nuclei,
specially prepared for that purpose
As the queens become mated and
laying tbe queen of the colony to be
requeened can be destroyed and the
young laying queen introduced.
Where only a tew queens are re«
quired and the beekeeper is unable
to rear his own, they can be obtain
keeper making a rpecialty of queen
"earing.
Before introducing a new queen
be sure tbat tae colony is queenlegs
and that no queen cells are present.
Directions tor introducing accompanies each queen sent out.
As soon as a colony is making
preparations for swarming by hav
ing larvae in queen cells at the beginning of the main honey How
from clover, tbe old queen is removed from the hive and all the
queen cells are destroyed. Nine days
later all queen cells are again de
stroyed.and a young laying queen
of select parentage is introduced.
This effectively   controls swarming I on.
Washington, July 21 —For the
last ten dnys of July ubout the average rain of tho past three months is
oxpected. A moderately sovcro storm
period will conter on July 24, produc
ing somo rain but loss than usual.
North of latitude 30 and oast of
meridian 90, normal toinporaturos
near July 22, balance of month cooler
than usual and about normal rain;
severity of storms only moderate;
crop weather about normal except not
good for harvost and threshing; good
crop weather for sowing winter grain
which will make good pasture this
fall.
North of latitude 36, botween
meridian 90 and Rockies' crest, low
temperatures near July 24, preceded
by stormy weather and followed hy
vory high temperatures; moderate
rainss except that rain will he short
in the bost corn states of that divis-
Fair   crop   weather {or sowing
The mayor and all the aldermen
were present at the regular meeting
of the city council on Monday evening.
A communication was read from
C. P, R. Pincott in reference to barristers' license fees. On motion, lhe
councif decided to have legal action
taken to test tbe case.
A report on Mill and Hull creeks
was submitted by F. M. Kerby, C.
E., and Chairman Schnitter to the
effect that some 90,000 gallons of
water per minute is now avail -ble in
theBe streams.
Chief Savage ami Medical Health
Officer Kingston made a report ie»
garding their recent inspection of
the cow premises in tbe city. They
had found all in a satisfactory condition with the exception of ooe nr
two, which did not come up to the
regulations laid down in tbe bylaw
governing tbis matter.
A rough survey of the city's finances ehowed au increase in ihe
receipts for the first six months of
the current of some $4000 over Ihe
same peri.id last yoar, with a slight
increase in the expenditures.
The matter of ueiug water out of
hours and without a nozzle wss discussed at length. On motion, Chief
Savage wbb instructed to investigate
thp mstter and to uotify the city
oflice ot the dmiiiph of ihf  oft'eml' rj,
<j. C. Egg interviewed thc counoil
in reference to the city having the
Pacific hotel insured. The council
decided to take out a policy for
11000 on the building and heating
plant.
Chairman Manly reported that
work at the cemetery was progressing in a satisfactory manuer.
An inquiry was received from a
party desiring to acquire the city
nuisance ground. The clerk was
instructed to advertise for tenders
for the same.
Certain statements contained in
the Canadian Civics regarding the
powers of cities to tax railway properties, was referred to a committee
consisting of the mayor and the clerk
to investigate.
A request was made hy A. Innis
for the exchange of two lots in
block 25. Tho request was granted
on payment of taxes and costs.
The poundkeeper was instructed
not to allow cattle to graze on the
streets nor to be tethered where they
will trespass on streets, sidewalk!,
lanes or boulevards.
Mayor Hull asked the opinion of
the council on a proposal to hold a
coinnniity picnic in the City park
on Labor day. The council favored
thc idea, but owing to the lateness
of the hour no definite action was
taken,
The clerk was instructed to get
prices on several sizes of concrete
pipe, plain and rainforced.
ed at a nominal price   from  a been | and  provides   the   colony   witb  a I winter grain,  but it will  Dot make
good fall pasture except in Canada.
North of latituno 36 and west of
Rockies' crest, low temperatures near
July 22 and very high after 2-r>; not
much hope for rain; not good conditions for -owing winter grain nnd it
will not make good fall pasture;
storms only moderate; not a drouth
no evaporation, only a shortage of
rain. THE   SUN,   GBAND   fORKS,   B.C.
AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER
Q. A. EVANS. EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER
SUBSCRIPTION RATES—PAYABLE IN ADVANCE
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) 11.00
One Year (in the United States)    1.50
Addresr -}* -"——-'cations to
Thk Grand Forks Sun,
Phonb 101R Grand Forks, B. C.
OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVENUE AND LAKE STREET.
FRIDAY, JULY 28, 1922
The announcement that a Victoria astronomer has discovered two new suns is not likely
to be fully appreciated until next January.
ghasty joke. Consider the case of the Grey
Nunnery in Montreal on February 18, 1918.
One hundred tiny tots paid with their lives
for someqody's failure to provide intelligently
for their safety. With reasonable foresight,
such a holocaust would have been impossible.
It is useless to plead that this is an isolated
case. That blinks the facts, it does nol. escape
them. There are hundreds of institutional
buildings in Canada ripe for a similar tragedy.
They are public buildings, and the public is
therefore directly responsible. Investigate
existing conditions in your own community.
The fact that our irrigation system has
reached a stage of construction where itcan
be put to use by a portion of our farmers,
should bring renewed courage to those who
at presont are suffering from too much sunshine and a lack of moisture. It is now an
fact that by next spring over half of the valley
will be under irrigation, and there is a probability that a year from this fall the entire system will be completed. What this wiil mean
jo the district can best be surmised by an inspection of some of the old
munities.
irrigated com
There yet appears to be some people who do
not believe that the days of miracles have
vanished from the earth. A number of newspapers in this province talk about a day when
the Conservative party will be in power at
Ottawa.
What is one man's holiday is another man's
penance. A man who likes the sort of entertainment offered at summer resorts might not
get much enjoyment from "roughing it" in
thc backwoods. For a little  while each year
it is well for each member of the famity to
"have his rather." If husband and wife do not
want   fhe   same   sort  of holiday, there is no
reason why they sheuld take their holiday at
tho same time and together.
The newspapers recently printed two significant items side by side.   One was Lord
Northcliffe's remark,  made after his return
from Germany, that   the   birth rate in the
Rhineland  was so great as  to be 'terrific.'
The other was a dispatch from  Paris saying
that in eighteen departments of France the
death rate since January 1 had exceeded the
birth rate by 13 per cent.  There lies the reason   for   the desperation of French  policy.
Aware of its stationary or shrinking popnla-
tion, aware too of the fecundity of the enemy
across  the  border, France lives in continual
fear of invasion a;td submergence; and if conditions remain what they are now, it is hard
to see how France can dermanently escape
that fate.
SEE
E. C. HENNIGER
COMPANY
Grand Forks, B. C.
Before Buying
Your
SEED GRAIN
and
GARDEN SEEDS
IS. T. HULL
Established 1910
Real Estate and Insurance
Resident Agent Grand Forki To mil to
Company, Limited
Farms     Orchards     City Property
Agent* at' Nelson, Calgary, Wlhnlpeg and
other Prairie points. Vanoouver Agents:
PBNDBR INVESTMENTS
HATMNBURY LANDS LTD.
(Established in 1910. tre are ln a position to
furnish reliable information couoerning this
district.
Write (or free literature
The black fly, a small, venomous, two-
winged creoture about a quarter as large as a
house Hy, is at its worst in June. July is the
great month for the mosquito and for the biting midge, known also as the "punkie" and
the "no-see-um." That leaves August and
September as the most comfortable months
for an automobile camping trip.
DON'T WORRY ABOUT THE
NEW SUNS; THEY CAN'T REACH
EARTH DURING YOUR LIFETIME
GRAND FORKS
Transfer Company
DAVIS 8 HANSEN, Prop.
One of the dollar-a-year men, who served
in the Washington war department for two
and a half months near the close of the war,
recently put in his claim for pay. The sum
amounted to 10 cents, but when the cheque
for it cBme, across one corner was the nota-
tation that no funds were immediately available Lo pay it. Since the dollar-a-year man
wanted the cheque only for a souvenir, the
embarrassed condition of the American treasury will probably worry him little.
QForest lires destroy in a few days  wealth
that only many years can replace.
Victoria, July 22.—Twin suns, fifty-two
quadrillion of mites from the earth, have been
discovered by Dr. J. S. Plaskett, director of
the Dominion astrophysical observatory here,
through the observatory's big 72-inch reflector
telescope.
Scientists herald the discovery as the outstanding astronomical achievement of recent
times. The suns havo been named Plaskett
after their discoverer.
The light, which, travelling at the rate of
186,000 miles a second, started from these
suns 5000 years before there was any credible
human history on this earth, is reach here
ouly today.
An airplane travelling from this earth at
the rate of 200 miles an hour would require
30,000 million years to reach these twin suns.
They burn at a temperature of 30,000 degrees Fahrenheit as they whirl around one another. One, the more massive, is seventy-five
times the bulk of our sun. The lesser is sixty-
three times heavier than our sun.
Authentic statistics show that  more  than
2600 human beings have perished  by  fire   in
< )anada during the past ten years. This accus-
lg commentary upon the Canadian attitude
r,oward should rivet the attention of very person   interested   in the safeguarding of life.
Legislative and other public officials are dealing  with  the  problem as regards industrial
imployees.    But who is considering the matter   in any aggressive  way so far as school
children, hospital and asylum patients and inmates of prisons and reformatories are concerned. These several classes of institutional
buildings  aro   burning at an alarming rate.
Just so long as they burn  life is   in   danger.
What attention  is  being paid to the subject
largely resolves itself into the establishment
of fire drills and provisions  for speedy  exit.
These are splendid things to consider as emergency  measures    But they in no way affect
the fundamental facior which is that schools,
hospitals and asylums aie burning up.   Fire
drills are of value in direct proportion to
the size of the tire.   The smaller the fire the
greater their usefulness.    No group of school
children, much less bed-ridden invalids, have
much chance of orderly exit when stairways
and halls are filled with the smoke of a raging
inferno.   Through  their compulsory installation,   we are pfone to regard as a fetish external fire escapes.   In  the majority of recorded   instances, leaping  tongue^ of flame
from  adjacent  windows have made  them a
cAncient History*
Items Taken From The Qrand Porks Sun for tbe Corresponding
WmmwtWssk Twenty Yeart Ago
"Coolgardy" Smith the Australian ia anxious to make a
match at trap shooting. He offers to wager f 500 against
all comers.
.Stanley Muir hasrotired from the Ingram-Muir Co.,
wholesale jobbers of this eity. The business will be continued by Thos. Muir.
The Oranby company will shortly install two more furnaces at the smelter ih this city.
The Victoria hotel has changed hands, Chas. Sally and
Fred Russell being the new proprietors.
George F. Williams'dry goods at Greenwood was destroyed by fire last night.
City Baggage and General
Transfer
Coal«  Wood and   Ice
for Sale
Office at  R.  F.  Petrle's Store
Phone 64
C.V. Meggitt
Real Estate and Insurance
ORCHAHD0, FABM  LANDS   AND CITY
PROPBBTY
Excellent facilities foi selling your farms
We hare agents al all Coast and Prairie
Points
WB CABBY AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE.
DBALBB IN POLKS, POSTS AND TIBS,
AND FABM PBODUCB
Reliable information regarding this distrct
cheerfully furnished. We sollolt your inquiries.
K. SCHEER
Wholesale and Retail
TOBACCONIST
Dealer in
Havana Cigars* Pipes
Confectionery
Imperial Billiard Parlor
IfGrand Forks* B. C.
\%t0^landhsrfiiettth
'Its so nice to
be nice-and
serve
in
silver „
f/iings
T*HE fact that most plated and sterling flatware can- be
•*■ bought in open stock allows a family to purchase
different article for the dining table from time to time.
We suggest that this is a most excellent way of coming
into possession of the proper amount of household silver.
Will you inspect our stock and allow us to* make suggestions and quote prices?
We will test your eyes and expertly advise you.   If you
are not in need of glasses we will tell you so.
BRIDGE STIIBKT   f      *~*     TiVIAR    JBWBIRB
URAND ¥OH_l__H     •» •    **-**    * A -I LUA       OPTICIAN
A. E. MCDOUGALL
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER
Aftent
Dominion Monumental Works
Asbestos Products Co. Roofing
ESTIMATES FURNISHED
BOX 332 GRAND FORKS, B. C.
DON'T HESITATE!
PHONB 101R
FORFINE PRINTING
UNLESS you see the name "Bayer" on tablets, you
are not getting Aspirin at all
Accept only an "unbroken package" of "Bayer Tablets of
Aspirin," which contains directions and dose worked out by
physicians during 22 years and proved safe by millions for
Colds Headache Rheumatism
Toothache       Neuralgia Neuritis
Earache Lumbago Pain, Pain
Handy "Bayer" boxes of 12 tablets—Also bottles of 24 and 100—Druggists.
Aspirin la the trade mark (registered In Canada) of Bayer Manufacture of Mono-
acctlcacldester of Sallcyllcacld. While it Is well known that Aspirin means Ilayi-r
manufacture, to aaalst the publio against Imitations, tbe Tablets of Bayer Company
wlU ba stamped witb thslr veneral trad* mark, tbe "Bayer Croaa."
City   Real Estate For
Sale
Applications for immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by the City, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Prices t—From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Terms:—Cash and approved payments.
List oi Lots and prices may be seen at the
City Office.
JOHN A. HUTTON.
City Clerk.
FORTHE SPRING GARDEN
AND LAWN
Bakes, Hoes, Spades, Shovels, Grass
Shears and Pruning Shears, Garden
Trowels and Forks. Wheel Barrows,
Lawn Mowers, Window Screen and
Screens, Screen Doors, etc.
Highest Quality Paint and Varnish
MILLER & GARDNER
Complete Home Furnishers
In every centre of population in th*%
lower part of the province is a telephone
exchange and an organization of skilled
workers to facilitate commerce. Every
circuit must be tested; every inch of wire
watched and kept in repair; every switchboard operated day and night. Not only
that, but there" is always new construction to meet the increasing needs of the
telephone-using public. Crews of lino-*
men and cablemen, and installers of every
kind of telephone equipment carry on
this work as the province progresses. «
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TELEPHONE COMPANY
Tell The People
What   You   Have
to Sell THE   SUN,   GBAND   FORKS.   B.C.
THE   EMPRESS   OF   SCOTLAND
Th* Canadian Pacific SteamsUpa
liner "Empress of Scotland" haa
Ust* {bartered by Frank C. Clark,
Now York, for a cruiss of M dayi
to tho Mediterranean, calling at tho
wiou* European porU. Sho loft
Ne* Tork on February 4th, witb
ore.-.- berth booked.
This sprint the "Empress of
Scotland" will carry on a regular
Mrrice between Quebec, Cherbonrir,
Southampton and Hamburg. She U
scheduled to leave Quebec on hor
first outward journey from Canada
early in May.
The "Empress of Scotland" is the
largest Teasel in the Atlantic fleet
of the Canadian Pacific, and one of
the most luxurious ve?*?;? in the
service. This steamship has recently undergone a very cornpre-
hensfv* overhaul and has been
adapted for burning oil fuel instead
of coal. Her Second Class passenger accommodation has been in-
♦ creased and improved. Her Third
Class aceommodition has also been
greatly Improved, a new Third Class
Dining Saloon having been arranger)
at the forward end of the shin, to-
8ether with a Lounge and Smoke
oom, and an additional Third Class
Dining Saloon arranged aft. The
boating capacity has been brought
up to the most modern standard,
new davits having been fitted
'throughout, and new boats of the
latest collapsible type fitted under
eaeh existing lifeboat, these lifeboats also having been completely
overhauled and made good.
The principal  dimensions  of the
"■Empress of Scotland" are -as foi
- . :■« *fM KZf% %t**l
*^* fc*&*S_M|$|^ •*$
-!•«__:___        .'**   -—-HZ
THE EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND.
Length B. P.....677 ft. 6 in.
Breadth 77 ft. 0 in.
Depth 54 ft. 0 in.
(to shade deck).
Quaes Tonnage. ..24,800 tons
(abont).
The vassal is of the Shade Beck
type, with a Bridge Deck over, extending fully half length, and with
• long Forecastle Deck. Above the
Bridge Deck there are Lower and
Upper Promenade Decks extending
the foH length ef the Bridge Deck.
I Md above tha Upper Promenade
(Deck there is a Beat Deek. There
"are two oenplete Tween Decks, and
• Lower and Orlop Tween Decks at
rthe forward and after ends of the
•hip. The vessel haa a straight
-stem, elliptical stern, two funnel*
land four masts, and presents a most
jfanposing appearance.
I The "Empress of Scotland" is
•tossed at Lloyd's, has a full Board
•f Trade certificate as a Passenger
Ship, and is well sub-divided oy
watertight bulkheads. There is s
cellular double bottom extending
fore and aft fer almost the eom-
rlete length of the ship, this bottom
elng carried well up the sides in
,way of the Engine and Boiler
•Booms. Oil fuel is carried in the
hunkers, and there are large cargo
compartments both forward and aft
•f the Engine and Boiler Booms.
Ample Freeh Water is provided for
in tanks at the sides of shaft tun
nels and in the double bottom.
The vessel carries about 10,000
tons of dead weight, and haa a sea
speed of 17 te 18 knots.
Spacious and very well-fitted accommodation is provided for about
4«5 First Class, 450 Second Class,
and 080 Third Class passengers, together with a Crew of about 510.
The First Class accommodation is
arranged   on  "B,"  "C,"  "D,"  "E*
and "F" Decks in large Staterooms
for one, two and three persons each,
all  these  Staterooms   being   fitted
with bedsteads, no upper berths being fitted In any of the First Clas*.
'-rooms. In addition there are twenty-
five  large   suites   of   rooms   with
'private  oath  and   toilet.    All   this
accommodation  is  exceedingly  well
[fitted up and equipped.
I   There  is  a large  Dining Saloon
situated on "F" DeUc, capable of ac
comnindating over 480 people at one
sitting, the  tables being   arranged
for small parties of from six to two
people.   This room is decorated in
the "Empire" style   in   white   and
trci'tl. the furniture being of mahog
any upholstered in red moroceo. Tne
centre of the Dining Saloon has a
Inrge open well extending over two
decks in height, and there are fine
raintings at both forward and after
ends of the room.   The First Class
lounge ia on "C"   Deek,   and   is
treated in the Louis XVI. style, having a fine lay-light over the centre
of the room.   A large mat-hie mantelpiece with handsome mirror over
ls fitted at the after end of the
Lounge, and has an electric fire of
the lateat type with mat heating
properties.   A group of finely painted furniture is arranged round the
fireplace, and the general type of
furniture in this room Is astfowood,
with many large settees and May
shahs. a>
At the forward end of the Lounge
is a Writing Room in white, also
Louis XVI period, having painter,
decorated furniture of the Adams
character.
The Ballroom is situated s\ the
forward end of "C" Deck, and is a
very spacious room decorated in the
Empire style, the walls being of inlaid satinwood witb ormolu enrichment*. There Is a parquet floor
fer dancing, and an orchestra platform arranged in one corner of the
Ballroom. The furniture round the
sides of the room is of satinwood.
A double Smoke Room is situated
on "B" Deek snd "C" Deck, that on
B' Deck being in the form of a
bread baleony looking down on the
Smoke Room below on "C" Deck.
I'he decorations of this room are
very pleasing, being in the Dutch
style with eak walls, tiled frieze,
and aak beams en ceiling having old
ships' lamps of the hanging type.
A fine oak staircase with carved
newel posts is arranged at the forward end of the Smoke Room, with
two very fine paintings at the head
ef the staircase, and a fireplace with
a similar type of electric fire to
that in the Lounge is fitted at the
after end of the room, where there
are alee two fine paintings. Leath-
er-eevered settees and easy chairs
are supplied, the furniture being
generally of eak.
At the forward end of the Boat
Deck there is a First Class Winter
Garden treated in white with green
treiHage on the walls and having
large easement windows and a fine
demo light overhead. The floor is
laid with parquetry and the fund
ture is of painted wickerwork. Stone
fountains with gilt eupida over
earns are fitted at the forward end
of this room, alao fine electric
braaiers te give heat. Extensive
Promenade space for the First Clsss
is provided for on "B" and "C
Decks, the forward end of "C" Deck
being screened off in steel witb
large glass windows. The length of
each promenade space is over 400
feet.
The Second Class Passengers are
accommodated on "F" and "O"
Cocks in staterooms for four and
two persons each, and in addition
there are a large number of one-
berth rooms.   All these room* are
large and well fitted up.
The Dining Saloon is situated on
"F" Book, and Is deoorated in Louis
XVI. style, with satinwood sideboards and mahogany furniture.
There is seating accommodation for
about 70 persons at one sitting.
On "C" Deck there is a Second
Class Palm Court * finished in a
treillag-. scheme of green and white,
and furnished with wicker furniture.
This room is prepared for dancing.
On th* eame Deck is the Smoke
Room, which is carried out in white
with aa oak dado and oak furniture.
The Second Class Lounge is situated
on "D" Deck snd is in the Empire
style, the decorations being carried
ont in white. '
Ample Promenade space for the
Second Class Passengers is provided for.
The Third Olass are accommodated on "O" Deck and "H" Deek at
both the forward and after ends of
Hie ship. Ths Staterooms are far
from six to four persons each, and
are fitted up ln the latest style for
such accommodation on the Atlantic
The Dining Saloons arc capable of
seating a total of over 380 persons
at oa* sitting. The after Lounge
and Smoke Rooms are situated on
"D" Deek, and are in oak. and similar ******** ar* arranged forward an
"F" Deck. Ample Promenade spaee
is arranged for. All the public
Lavatories and Bathrooms are fitted
up with the most modern improvements in sanitary fittings. Tn addition to the foregoing the vessel Is
equipped with Barbers' Shops, Bookstalls, Dispensaries, Hospitals, Information Bureaux, etc., and an
electric elevator for First Class
from "F" Deck to Boat Deck. A
manicurist and stenographer srs
carried. The Kitchens and Pantrie*
for First and Second Class ar*
situated amidships on "F" Deck, between the Dining Saloons, thus ensuring a quick and efficient service.
Ail the latest improvements have
been supplied, and theso spaces are
equipped in the most up-to-date
fashion. Separate kitchens, pantries,
etc., are fitted up both forward and
aft for supplying the Third Class
Dining Saloons. The vessel is ventilated and heated in a very elaborate
manner, the air in the Public Rooms
and Cabins being changed automatically every few minutes without creating any draughts. Th*
cargo handling equipment is operated by powerful steam winches, and
is quite up to the most modern requirements. The watertight doors
are operated by hydraulic power
controlled either individually or col-j
lectively from the Navigating
Bridge.
A telephone system is installed
between the various principal Ofl-|
cers' Rooms and Offices, etc. There'
is s complete system of Wireless
Telegraphy, including a long-range
installation and apraratuB for tak-i
ing wireless bearings. Submarine'
signalling and electric clocks aw
fitted, also the most modern type Ml
Gyro Compass, these various aeiea-i
tific devices giving increased safety
in navigation. The vessel is fitted
with large bilge keels to minimis*
rolling. Large provision storerooms,
both insulated and ordinary are arranged for. The ship is propelled
by two sets of quadruple expansion
engines driving twin screws direct.
The two sets of engines, together,
will indicate 17,500 h.n., and at about
80 revolutions per minute will gh*
a speed of 17 to 18 knots at sea.
The boiler installation comprise*
eight double-ended boilers with sis
furnaces eaeh, and one single-ended
boiler with three furnaces, the working pressure being 220 lbs. l
square inch.
This vessel was originally fitted
with coal bunkers and burned eoal
on her service across the Atlantic.
In order that her speed may be fnHy
maintained, and taking into account
the great advantages which are associated with the use of oil fuel In
passenger ships, she has, daring her
present re-conditioning, been fitted
with oil fuel bunkers fer carrying
oil fuel, and a complete Installation
for burning oil fuel in the boilers.
This will make it quite certain thai
thia vessel will be able to maintain
her speed and time scheduled with
more certainty than if she remained
ai a coal-bwrning ship. At tha
same time sufficient of the eoal
bunkers have been left intact, and
the furnace fittings for burning _-oal
stored in the ship, so thst at short
notice, if the oil-fuel supply fail, it
is passim* te reconvert the vessel
to a cosl-burning ship, and so prevent the laying-up of the vessel
should oil fuel not be available.
The installation of auxiliary machinery is very complete, the steam-
heating, lighting, and refrigerating
plants ars of th* most up-to-dat*
kind, and ensure thst the comforts,
of pass sag wi in respect to thes*
matters an amply provided forg   .
Nakusp, B.C.—As an indication
of the increased industrial activity
ot the lumber mills of Nakusp. the
Nakusp Lumber Company find their
yarding room so limited that they
have cleared about four acres of
land near the first mile post along
the C. P. R., where a spur will be
built and the lumber hauled up in
cars and allowed to dry before being shipped to outside points.
Invermere, B.C — Amongst the
many splendid summer publications
of the C. P. R. are two of especial
interest to tbis part The flrst ons
deals with "Bungalow Camps," and
makes very generous mention of tho
beautiful Lake Windermere Camp
adjoining this place. The other oae
is a publication given over exclusively to describing the local "Camp."
This is a seventeen-page folder,
most beautifully illustrated with reproductions of photographs of local
scenes. The letter press is by Mr.
Frederic  Niven.
The gist of the matter is descriptive of the various trails and
automobile roads throughout the
Windermere district.
Chatham, Ontario. — Wholesale
summoning of boys and men who
frequently use the C. P. R. tracks
as a place for walks, was indicated
in County Police court recently, with
the swearing out of a number of
informations by a C. P. R. detective
who conducted an investigation.
It is alleged that the defendants
trespassed on the C. P. R. tracks,
a short distance from the City in
Harwich township.
Informations have also been laid
against seven boys under the age
of sixteen years.
KILL   FOREST   FIRES
the Forest and
you kill its
pay-roll
products mean
work and prosperity for you
in the woods cost
the taxpayer
$450,000 last year
KEEP   DOWN   TAXES
a watch on your
campfire and all
lighted substances.
with the
high cost of
carelessness!
must pay for fight
ing forest fires.
Reduce your share
Montreal.—Edward J. Richel is
appointed city passenger agent for
the Canadian Pacific at Chicago,
succeeding Alfred R. Dean, wbo has
resigned to enter other business.
Mr. Richel joined the service on
June 16, 1920, as clerk in the passenger department, Canadian Pacific
Steamships, Chicago. Promotions
following wore: October 1, 1920,
chief clerk; January 21, 1921, passenger agent; June 1, 1921, travelling passenger agent; June 1, 1922,
city passenger agent
William f. BalKwill is appointed
travelling passenger agent, succeeding Edward J. Richel. Mr. Balkwill
joined the Canadian Pacific as clerk
in the steamships passenger department Chicago on March 18, 1922.
St.  Andrews-by-the-Ses,  N.B. —
The Canadian  Manufacturers' Convention for 1922 is now s thing of j
the past, and to the almost 200 dele-
?;ates and others who have been here
or a week, attending the sessions, it will be a pleasant rrtemory.
So much of a success has been this
year's convention that it can be
said, without violating any confidences, that the moat influential I
members of ths association are
anxious to hold future conventions |
under similar conditions.
The Casino of the Algonquin Hotel
provided an excellent meeting place,
and the records show more discussion than at any four conventions in
tbe past, while there has been more
fraternizing by the delegates, who
got to know one another to a greater
degree than ever before. During the
Convention days delegates played
golf on the beautiful links overlook- ;
ing the sea and indulged in swim- |
ming in Katy's Cove.
Calgary, Alta. — After covering
six  hundred  miles in  the southern
Sortion of Alberta, at the end of
une, J. M. Cameron, general superintendent of the Alberta Division of
the Canadian Pacific Railway, declares tbat crop conditions there,
Generally speaking, are very satis-
actory.
Mr. Cameron stated that farmers
had been taught an object lesson
by grasshoppers. Where these insects had been active had been on
stubble-in crops. From the amount
of summer fallowing that was now
going on, farmers had realized that
stubbling-in was a poor gamble and
laft a breeding plsce for the hoppers. The hoppers, he said, were
now practically under control in the
south. Cutworms had done little oi
no damage on account of the fre
quent showers.
"I have been much pleased with
my visit," said Mr. Cameron. "There
is now quite an optimistic feeling
among farmers and business men in
ke south country."
l 	
Blkaorn, Man,—Forty years age
Mr. Jas. Rodgers commenced work
ing for the Canadian Pacific Rail
way Company, as a section man
and in about five years, through his
ability to give the best he could and
also because of his sterling integrity,
was promoted to foremanship holding thiB position until 20 year* ago,
when he desired a change of emp oy
ment.  and  was   transferred   to   the
Jumping station staff. For a w-yle
e worked at Fleming and Virden
lr his new capacity and evebtual.y
assumed charge of the Elkhorn
pumping station, on the retirement
of Mr. R. Travis, another old time
railroad man who is still with us.
as hale and hearty as ever.    **»
A record such as Mr. Rodger'
holds is decidedly unique. He is
the second senior pumpman m the
division, and his regularity and
strict attention to his calling hive
won for him the deep respect of the
Company, which places high value
en the services of men of such
capability^ He has stood the rigor?
ef an exacting position in a manner that must reflect great credit
lhe Sun is a good $2.00 a year paper sold at the
price of $1.00 per year. That is one reason why its
circulation is steadily growing.
Axel Uustafson'a hoUBe at Denoro
wae destroyed by fire last Sunday
evening. The house was occupied
by John Bergman, wbo ooly saved
a suitcase and a couple of blanket)*.
There was $ 150 0 insurance on the |
property.
Success depends   upon    backbone |
not wishbone.
Battleships
Are Not the
Only Things
Being
Scrapped
These Days
fl Lots of other things
were scrapped before
the Washington Conference became even
a possibility—old prejudices—old   grudges
—old methods of  diplomacy   had j§to   be
discarded    before   it,
was  possible   to  ask
for bids from the junk
man for a few billion
dollars worth of "war
canoes."
fl If   you  are  to  make
the   most    of     your
opportunities selling
Merchandise,  it  will
pay you to take stock
of your   methods  of
doing   business    and
scrap ruthlessly   the
old systems or prejudices that new conditions   have  rendered
obsolete.    And above
all  court   publicity-
secret diplomacy is as
bad for your business
as it is for the business of running a nation—
Advertise -THE   SUN.   GRAND   FORKS,   •• C.
News of the Gity
Bill Hedges, an eccentric and
childish old-timer of the district, a
big land owner and reputed to have
alt kinds of money in tbe bank,
but a mau of slovenly habits, was
arrested on Monday on a charge of
vagraDcy. On Tuesday be was examined by Drs. Kingston and Truax
as to mental condition, and on Wednesday be was taken to tbe New
Westminster hospital for the feeble
minded by Constable.Killam.
Twelve cars of fluorite concen-fl
tratea were shipped from tbe Rock
Candy mill at Lynch creek to Indiana tbis week.
The McDonald brothers have just
finished ouu of tbe finest ranch
residences in the valley for C. W.
Clark. It is a nine room, two storey
structure, with a concrete basement
under the entire house. The house
is of a very attractive architectural
desigu.
Eovoy James Brown, of tbe fi»
nance department, Salvtion Army,
Vancouver, was tbe city yesterday
miking arrangements for a drive for
funds to be held in September,
Mr. Latimer, wbo is in charge of
the work on the government irrigation system at Oliver, was in the
city yesterday inspecting the work
on tbe local system.
W. U. Ferris, local manager of
the Canadian Bank of Commerce,
has been transferred to Vernon. He
will leave for tbat city in a week or
len days.
II. L. Mackenzie, barrister, is reported to be critically ill at bis
home.
11. K. Woodland made a business
trip to Nelson yesterday.
Chas.  Mix haB returned from  a
week's camping-out at Lyncb creek.
Tbe directors of the fall fair held
a meeting in the city ball last
night.
Hou. T. D. Pittullo, minis.nr of
lands, and Hon. Dr. Sutherland,
minister of public work-i, passed
through tbe city Tuesday evening
ou theirway east.
Tbe threshing on the Almoud
ranch was done last .Siturday. Tbe
yield was not what it his beeu in
past years owing to tha dry s'eaaoa.
VV. G. Munu, uf Summerland,
will arrive in tbe city this evening,
if satisfactory arrangements can be
made, he will be appointed manager
of ibe local fruit packing house.
THE WEATHER
Fruits  and Vegetables
The time has now arrived for this season's
Fruits and Vegetables, and we have an abundant supply. Try our Teas, Coffees and
Staple Groceries.    They are all Fresh.
THE CITY GROCERY
Phone 25 II. II. Henderson, Prop.
AUTO LIVERY n«ffi
Modern Rigs and Good
Horses at All Hours a*
the
Model Livery Barn
.JjM. H. Barns, Prop.
Phone 68 Second Street
John A. Hutton went uptoPhoer
nix today to see tbat the war memorial al tbnt place is being properly looked after.
Fifteen members of tbe local
lodge of Knights of Pythian wenf np
to Greeu wood Tuesday evening to
take part in a joint installation.
J. It. Newell, president of the
Spokane Concrete Pipe company,
was in the city on Tuesday inspecting the work on tbe irrigation aye-
tein.
The following is tbe minimum
and maximum temperature for each
day during the past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on E. F. Law's rancb:
Max,    Min.
July  21—Friday  86 13
22—Saturday   81 59
23- Suuday  88 50
21—Monday  !)1 47
20—Tuesday  87 51
26—Wednesday.. 90 50
27- Thursday  80        48
Inches
Rainfall  0.08
mounted and asked wh it fare ho   had
to pay.
"Eighteen thousand kronen," the
driver demanded.
Tho cured man grow pale. "My
dear mau," lie aaid, trembling, 'this
i.s terrible. I never foresaw that, and
I have only a 20 kronen piece with
me!"
The driver looked at the gold coin
and replied rudely,
■'Well, what wouid you have! You
get 18,000 kronen in change."
The cured man was nonplussed.
"Ploaso," lie said softly, "take tho
other 18,000 kronen and drive mo
back to the asylum."
.1 mes Broad, of Spokane, under
whose direction the pipe laying on
tbe irrigation plant is being done,
was in the city yesterday.
VV. Groves, of Kelowna, consulting engineer for the Grand Forks
irrigation district, is spending a few
days in tlie city this week inspecting
the work on the system.
ASYLUM SEEMED A
ftEFUGE TO HIM
An Austrian who had fallen suddenly insane in 1913, aad spent his
time in an insum. hkvIihii near Vienna,
oblivious to the war aud the revoLuc
tioh, was discharged tho other day as
cured. In his joy over his suuden
fraeduui he did what most of the
other Austiians would have done; he
engaged a cab and had himself driven
to the Prater.    Arrived there he  dis-
Tbe government has established a
game reserve at Vasseaux lake.
Beekeepers' Calendar
for British Columbia
Issued by the Department, of  Agriculture, Victoria, B. C.
JULY—Honey should becoming In
freely this month, and should be
extracted as soon as capped over
and tlio ompty combs returned to
be refilled. Whon removing su»
pers, if no honey is coming in, do
this early in tho morning or about
sunset, so as to prevont robbing
being started.
SAVING TIME AND WASTING LIVES
EXFji-KlENCE is a great teachei—
sometimes. But It is to be romem-
beroil Hint you may take a horse to
wuter, hut cannot always make him
drink. Similarly, you may drop a
succession of bricks on or about thc
lioad of a man suffering from a habit
of walking undor ladders, but if he
has in his head no mental mechanism
of the kind thut puts cause and effect
together, you will still havo difficulty
in milking him realize that walking
uniler Itulders is by no means conducive to normal heulth or long life.
The Mime thing mny be said of tho
man who habitually crosses railway
trucks without giving a thought to
trains.' To the vast majority of mon
and women, thc Bight of a railway
track crossing a road brings to the
imagination a moving train whi«h
Ihey know moves with unhesitating,
uudoviating surety according to un un
suspundublo law of nature. Thoy
know Ilmt undor thut law an ubji-cl
of lens weight und force than the moving iruin will, when struck by it, bo
brushed uside with results more or
less disastrous to that object. In
must casiis tho imagination sees what
happens if a frail human body at-
temptfl to impede the progress of
the I min, and reasonable people net
with due precaution, As an aid to
these the railways have adopted nil
possible safeguards nnd warnings at
level crossings, but thore are still human beings whose imagination apparently can nover he stirred nnd who
porslsl in walking into certain disaster as unconcernedly us they would
walk into flieir own homes.
A curious ense of this kind was rc-
portod from an Ontario town less than
a month ago- As un electric rudinl
ear approached a crossing, a tenm
driven by a local farmer cumo ulong
the roud towards the trnck. Fassprs-
hy saw the radial oar coining np nnd
heard its whistle ns well as thc ringing of the crossing bell thnt rmto-
inntically warned of tho cur's approach. Despite the efforts of n witness to stop him. the fnrmer drovo
n*n until the cur struck his horses'
bonds, killing one and injuring the
other, und lind it nol been for the
prompt action of the passerby, the
driver would undoubtedly liuve been
killed. / When il was all over Ihe farmer admitted having heard the warning bell, biil^/nilod to say why he had
nol stopped in time. The amazing
thing aboui the affair was that less
1 li:in two yenrs ago the same farmer
Innl an almost identical accident at
the same crossing at.  which   time his
wife and children were with himl ia
n motor car. On that occasion hie
wife was injured and hia car boidly
smashed. He thou sued the company
for damages, but failed to get a jtldg-
mont as it was shown thnt he had
been extremely csreleea. *
A largo percent uge of level crossing accidents happen in Just thli Way,
and railway men nro continually as-
tonishod by the persistence vrlth
which drivers si motor cars and
horses dash over lhe crossings in otter disregard of the possible approiaeh
of trains. It is a fact that an antai-
ingly large percentage of acoidilmts
are cuuscrLby motor curs hitting moving trains, instead of being hit hy
them, sure evidence of utter carelessness on thc part nf their drivers. At
Mattawamkeag, in May last, a mi>tor
car dashed into the last of 88 'tare
that were moving over tho crossing at
the rate of four miles an hour, rar-
rying away the rei.r steps of the rar.
At Cote Des Neiges. Que., crosning
recently, disregarding thc engine's
whistle, tho ringing of the elecitric
nlarin bell, and the frantic waving of
a watchman stationed at the crossing,
a motor car only* managed to get
across the tracks, with nothing wifrse
llinii n broken wheel because thc engineer had seen the ear upproaclting
from u distance nw-ny and had hieen
nble to slop his train. As the engineer
snw the motor approaching, it must
also have been possible for the moitnr
ist to see the train, fn Ihe snme momth
a womnn in broad daylight drove a
horse nnd buggy inio the rear coach of
a four-cur train on a crossing near
Woodstock, Ont., nnd was fortunate
enough to escape with her life,fl although she had to «p«>nel some lilttle
time in the hospital
It hae been proved In a court of law
that motorists equally with railroads
are expected to observe caution it
le\ el crossings. At Cleveland, Ohio,
last winter, a train struck a motor
truck, and while no lives were lost,
the locomotive wu damaged. Te
set an example to careless drivers the
railway eompany sued for the damage* sustained and was awarded judgment for the tall amount claimed.
In a recent letter to the Toronto
Globe, W. J. Ifoodey, who is one of
the pioneer motorists of Toronto, had
the following to say on this subject:
"To the Editor of the Globe: Once
again we pick up the morning paper
and read of another aeeident, 'Auto
hit by fast express.
."Why will motorists continue to
take chances. I contend that no driver should attempt to cross a railroad
until he has a clear view. Do not
place too much confidence in the boll
ringing.   It may be out of order.
"Here is an instance: Last summer
I was motoring enst from Oooksville.
As I approached the O.P.R. track
near Lambton, a long C.P.R. froight
was going west. I stopped; another
motor eame up behind me. When
the frelight had passed I continued to
wait. The motoriet behind sounded
the horn and called to me to go
nhead. I replied, 'Just wait until I
get a clear idew of the other track."
.Tust at this minute along eame the
Detroit flyer. 40 miles on hour. The
motorist got nut of the ear nnd said,
"My, but wc had a narrow escape." I
said, "Ton mean that you hnd a narrow escape—not me.   Safety first.".,
"It is better to wait two or three
minutes at a crossing, than spend two
or three months in some hospital, it
longer in a cemetoiy."
Railway News
(.uelph. — Realizing that tome
effort should be mad* to preserve
thn old C. P. H. station building, the
first house built in Guelph, whicli
is located on a piece of ground at
the foot of Woolwich Street, and
which is fast going to ruin, the civie
improvement committee of Guelph
decided to make a move toward*
having improvement* carried ont to
preserve the  building.
Gait.—General Manager M. W.
Kirkwood of the Lake Erie & Northern and Grand River Railways haa
announced that early in July work
would be started on the new Union
Depot on Main street. The plana hav*
been finally approved and tender*
have been called for. The building,
which will be of rug brick construction, one storey In height, but later
it is intended to add another storey,
to accommodate the general office*
now located in Scott's Block.
Moose Jaw.—The roof is now en
the Dominion Express Company'*
new building, west of th* Canadian
Pacific Railway Company offic*
building, and the work is being
rushed with great speed. - A* won
as the Express Company building i*
in shape to be occupied, the old
building will be removed and the
work of installing the new tracks
will be commenced.
In front of the new depot the concrete roadway is laid in squares of
ten feet. Th* city electricians have
completed the installation ef the two
electric light standards at th* outer
edges of the sidewalks on both sides
of the roadway.
« 	
Gait—After 40 years of continuous and faithful service aa aa
employee of the C. P. R., Alex. Mc-
Kean, city ticket agent her* for th*
past lfi years, joined the list of tbe
superannuated and his place was
taken by John Campbe'l, for many
years a permanent resident of Gait,
at one time depot and freight agent,
but for the past several year*
travelling  passenger  agent.
Mr. McKean commenced his railroad career in the freight audit department at Winnipeg, was agent at
High Bluff, Manitoba, for a coupi*
of years and for 17 years successfully conducted a mercantile business in Mount Forest, handling railway, steamship, telegraph and ex-
fress services. It was from Mount
'orest that he came to Gait in 1908.
BIDE THEBE ON CLEVELAND
IT brings the whole country for miles around within easy reach,
Have you seen the new models? They're aa graceful as swallows! As
bright as new coin! As weatherproof as a duck? Automobile Steel
Bearings.. Frame of English Seamless Stoel Tubing. Hard Maple
Kims. Hercules Brake. Everything complete. Ileal Quality, Real
Value.  Easy Terms.  Wo are tbe people'to mount you riglit.
J. R. MOOYBOER 8BSSTAME€
Open Saturday Evenings Till 10 o'Cloek
Our
Vancouver. — Vancouver's first
transcontinental railway train entered the eft j thirty ftvs Tpai- .go,
-the-, prophcc-ijfl wers mud* which
have now reacheH full realization,
In Ihe address: ni we!,-om« to Henry
Abbul'., whu «... then superintendent
of the Pacific Division of the C. P.
R., Mayor M. A. Maclean drew a
word-picture of Vancouver in th*
future which is now a fact.
Vancouver's first train was drawn
bv nn old wood-burning typo engine
and included a baggage, colonist
sleeper and pullman and drawing-
room cars of the latest type at that
date. The engine was draped in
evergreens and bore placards bearing inscriplions "From Ocean to
Ocean" and many mottoo_. decUring
the achievements of the men who
undertook the construction of the
C. P. R.
P, liarnhardt was conductor and
P.  Rightcr, engineer.
The celebration of the arrival of
the train was carried on far into
the night, the city band serenading
officials of the C. P. R. and a toich-
light procession being staged
through tbe city.
Woodstock, Ontario.—In the death
of Charles Garden, CE., which occurred nt the residence of Col. F. H.
J. Dibblee recently, there passed
away the last male member in his
generation, of a family associated
with thc history nnd progress of
Woodstock for well-nigh, if not
quite, a century Mr Garden was
connected with th.o building oi the
C P. K. through the Rockies. lie
was one of the advance guard of thc
exploration party. The route of
this party was via the N. P. R. to
Bismark, Dakota, up the Missouri to
Benton and th.nce by trek to Calgary and up the Bow. Only one
party came over the Rockies' summit. Mr. Garden was transit man
and the party consisted of fifteen
men. They came through the Vermillion, south of Kickinghorse and
made their way to what is now called "Golden." They built "The Cache"
which has ever since remained, with,
of course, extensive restorations and
is now known as Moodie's House.
In 1884-5, Mr. Garden worked on
C. P. R. construction near Lake
Superior on White River, Peninsula
Harbor, and it was at this time that
the first through C. P. R. train went
to Vancouver. He was later engaged
on construction on the Deloraint
branch to the Coal Mines for the C.
P R. He had charge of location
anr] construction on Sonris Branch
and was for some years in office
work in Winnipeg. In 1807 he *was
on the location of the Crow's Nest
branch, locating the loop and tunmd
at   Michael   Creek
Seven   daya   of   selfniodulgence
make one weak.
Hobby
is
Good
Printing
npilE value of well-
printed, neat appearing stationery as
a means of getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
elsewhere.
Wedding invitations
Bad programs
Business cards
Vi i|;ng cards
Sh';   ing tags
Letterheads
Statements
Noteheads
Pamphlets
Price lists
Envelopes
Billheads
Circulars
Dodgers
Posters
Menus
THE HUB—Bring your boot
and shoe repairs to my
shop for neat and prompt
work. Look for the big
boot.—GEO.   ARMSON
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty*
ffefpil
-"«**
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yalk Hotkl, Fiiist >Stiikkt
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
New Type
Latest Style
Faces
THE SUN
Columbia Avenue nnd ,
take Street /
TELEPHONE
11101
E. F. LAWS
HEAL KSTATK
&
1INSURANCK
OFFICB WINNIPBG  AVBNUB
OPPOSITK aHOWKKH KXOHANHK
PHONE 161
PACIFIC SIIKKT MBTAI- WOIIKH, LTD..
VANCOUVKH
MBTAI,
IRRIGATION
IMPKS and      FLUMES
B. F. LAWS'
SOU DI8THICT AGENT
PICTURES
AND PICTURE FRAMING
Furniture Made to Order,
Also Repairing of all Kinds.
Upholstering Neatly   Don
R. G. MoCUTGHEON
Winona avihoi
Minimum price of flrst-olasa land
reduced tn %( an aore: neond-olaa* ts
tt to r.n acre.
1're einptlon no* oonflned ta surveyed lands only.
Record* will ke (ranted covering otxtr
land suitable for agricultural purpose*
wid whicb Ib non-timber land.
Partnership pre-emptions abolished,
but parties of not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emption*
with Joint residence, but each making
necessary Improvements on respective
Halms. m,
11 e emptor* must occupy claims for
five y*t\r* and make Improvementa to
value of |1« per acre. Including clearing nnd cultivation of at least I aorta,
before receiving Crown Qrant.
Where pre-emptor ln occupation not
le-Mi than I years, and has made proportionate Improvements, he may, because af ill-health, or other cause, be
granted Intermediate certllleate of ta_-
provmit and transfer hla claim,
Record* without permanent realdence may be Issued, provided applicant makes Improvement* to extent of
**** p*r annum and records same eaoh
year. Failure to make improvementa
or record same will operate u forfeiture. Title cannot be obtained In
--!■..?!? * retxra, and Improvements
«£*»•••• par acre, including i acres
else-red and cultivated, and residence
or at least 1 years ar* required.
Pre-emptor holding Crown grant
may reoord another pre-emption, If he
requires land in conjunction with his
rarm without actual ocoapatlon, pronged *tm,ile>rj .(nprnreat.nifl in*<._,
■ ni residence mfuntalae* •_-. rrowm
■nflKl.e lead,  ta
t'n. .. »a»ed areas, set eaeeedl-i* It
_**_!TM_* ___**r_..b* '•****** ** homesites;
Mmit.^, ************* attm fainillng rcsl-
SenUai and Improvement conditions.
***r graaing and Industrial purposes
areas exceeding <M acres Itnay be
■"I!?? *I on* ******* or eompany.
MM, factory or Industrial sites on
timber land not exceeding 40 acres
may be purchased; conditions include
payment of stumpage.
_.., ISCSL.*"? f*—*io*m Inaccessible
JSm-^i**1"? ***** ***** *>e purchased
oondltlonaf upon conatneUon of a road
ts them.   Rebate of one-half of cost sf
ISo*. £rt-nST-ln' **" * *"******
prb-imrtow   ntaa   quant*
ACT.
time within whlchths^hstaVoTdovisSI
of a deceased pre-eontor may apply
for title under tk-TEt ta eitwKfiS
-TT     'immm0!1*    *****,******     tfc*     dSSUl     Of
N* fees relating to ars-emotlon* are
due or paySTV SdteJriTVJ!
•■options recorded altar Jan* M. fill
Taxes are remitted for On yiir
ProvWon for rat-am at moneys ae-
erued, So, aad been paid since Tatteml
*. 1114, on account of payments,Tecs
v*.**—** •okllers* pre-emptions.
interest on agreements to purchase
AilCiV-g ******* *r member* of
Allied Purees, or dependents, acquired
direct or Indirect, remittaT&lSrS;
list ment to March 11, Ul*.
•UB-PURCHASERS OF CROWN
Provision made tar lauanaa of
Crown grant* to sub-purchasers of
Crown Lands, acquiring right* from
purchasers who failed tc complete
purchase. Involving forfeiture, on fulfillment-of conditions of purchase interest and taxes. Where sub-purchasers do not claim whole of original parcel, purchase price due and taxss may
be distributed proportionately over
whole area. Applications must he
mad* by May l, 1»M. **
ORAZINO.
Grazing Act, 1911, for systematic
development of livestock Industry provides for frrajlng districts and range
administration under Commissioner
Annual grazing permits Issued based
on numbers ranged: priority for established ' owners. Stock-owners may
form Associations for range management. Free, or partially free, permits
for settlers, campers er traveller* uu
•o ten head.       •
NEW HARNESS SHOP
I have opened a new harness shop and am prepared
to make harness to order
and do all kinds of repair
work, Shop equipped with
modern machinery. All work
guaranteed:
C. A. Crawford
N«ur TafaplMM Office

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