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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Jul 6, 1923

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.the center of Orand Forks valley, the
premier fruit growing district of
Southur.ii British Columbia. Mining
anil lumbering are also important
industries in districts contiguous to
the city.
Kettle Valley Orchardist
THP  SsfflV 's the favorite news *•
J.11U OXJL"   paper 0f the citizen s
of the district. It is read by more
people in the city and valley than any
other paper because it is fearless, reliable, clean, bright and entertaining.
It is always independent but never
"Tell me what you Know Is true:
I can guess as well at you.
iiii.00 PER YEAR
The pnpils of the Qrand Forks put-
lie s-liool are promoted to the grades
and classrooms which are mentiohed
belQW, and to wbich they will go after
the vacation. The names are arranged
alphabetically, and the weak subject
of certain pupils is in pirenthesis.
The following quotation from a de
partinental circular of instructions
gives the reason for the n w classrooms, which are now uniform in the
four western provinces: "The department has decided to adopt the eight
grade system of classification in the
schools of lhe province at the beginning of next term. The change from
the limits prescribed foi seven years
to those for eight years will, of course,
make it impossible for pupils next
September to commence tbeir studies
in every subject at the place where
they left off at the end of June. Tbe
new limits are, however, prepared
with a view of making the work as
far as possible a continuation of the
old assignments."
To Grade 8 (Entrance Class-), Di.
visions 1 and II—Mary Acres, Jessie
Alien, Linden Benson, Arthur Bickerton, Qeorge Biddiecome, Bruce
Brown, Albert Colarch, Marjorie Cook,
Parma Cooper, Cordon Clark, Edmund Crosby, Auberv Dinsmore,
Jessie Downey, Edith Euerby, Edmund Euerby, Eugene Fitzpatrick
(arithmetic), Lilia Frechetse, Edgar
Qalipeau, Alice Qeorge, Qrace Glaspell, John Graham, Dorothy Qrey,
George Hadden, Elvira Hansen, iiosa
Hansen, Genevieve Harkness, Albert
Haw (arith), Dorothy Heaven, Willie
Henniger, Irene Jeffery, Marion
Kerby, Dorothy Kidd, Francis Larama, Margaret Luscombe, Joe Lyden,
Blanche Mason, Alex McDougail,
Daniel MacDougall, Qlen Murray,
Helen Nystrom, Lawrence O'Connor,
Herbert Ommanney, Francis Otterbine, Martha Otterbine, Peter Padgett, Frank Price, Buth Pyrah, Jessie
Ross, John Santano, Ruby Savage,
Ruth Savage. Alice Scott, Joe Simmons, Phyllis Smythe, Walton Vant,
Harold Warde.      .
To Grade 7, Division III—Vera
Boots, Edward Cook, Erin Clark (geography), Alice Deporter. Antone
DeWilde, Wilhelmina DeWilde.Jean
Donaldson. Lillian Dunn, Georgina
Grey, James Hardy, Mabel Hobbins,
Dorothy Jones, John Kingston, Freda
Lyden, Gordon Massie (spelling),
Jigi Maurelli, Ethel Mayo, Laird Mo
Galium, Eugene McDougail, Agnes
McKenzie, Fred McKie (drawing),
Jim Miller (drawing), Beulah Mitch,
ell, Arthur Morrison, Peggie Mudie,
Lillian Pell, Llewelyn Price, Pete
Santano, Elmer Scott, Winnifred
Smith, Eileen Weber, Edna Wiseman.
To Grade 6, Division IV—Char-
lotte Acres, Harry Anderson (arith.)
Marvin Bailey, Nellie Berry, Everts
Biddiecome, Florenoe Bird (arith.),
Jean Clark (arith,), Elvera Colarch,
Roy Cooper (aritb ). Thurlow Cum-
mings, Raymond Dinsmore, Hazel
Elliott (arith ), Robert Foote (arith.)
Catherine Gowans, Leo Gowans
(arith,), Colin Graham, Carl Hansen,
Rupert Helmer, . Harold Helmer,
Katherine Henniger, May Hobbins,
Ernest Hutton (arith.),Evelyn Innes,
Albert Kinnie, Jean Love, Betty McCallum, Lily McDonald (writing),;
Elizabeth Mooyboer, Gladys Pearson,
Childo Pisacreta, George Prust.
To Qrade 5, Division V—Jaok
Acres, Be verleyBenson, Helen Beran,
Earl Bickerton/Vina Boots, Rosamond
Buchan, Elaine Burr (arith), Ian
Clark, Nathan Clark (spelling), Norman Cooke, Patsy Cook, Elsie Egg
(illness) Ellen Hansen, Clarence
Hardy, Vilmer Holm, Sereta Hutton,
Marie Kidd, Mary Kingston, Delbert
Kirkpatrick (spelling), Mary Kuftinoff, Selma Laing, Zelma Larama, Fred
Mason, Mike Maurelli, Lee Maurelli,
Euphy MoCallum (arith), Helen
Morgan, Harry Nucich, Edith Patter*
son, Mildred Patterson, Charles Rob-
ertson.Louis Santano (language),Fred
Smith, Gladys Smith (arith), Ralph
.Smyth, Marjorie Taylor (arith.),Roy
Walker, Edward Wright.
To Junior Grade 5, Division VI—
Chester Bonthron, Rath Boyce,
jffivelyn l£llins (arith.), Ernest Dan-
ierlson, Bernice Donaldson, Kllie
Donaldson (arith.)' Lora Frechette,
Mel. in Glaspell, Charlie Harkness
(arilh.), Alex Hobbins (spell and
arith.), Peter Jmayoff, Margaret
Kingston (arith ), Qeorge Kusin,
Ethel Massie. Margaret McCallum,
Bruce McDonald, Michael McDonough, Madeline McDougail, Violet
McDougail (arith ), Charles McLs-d
(arith.), Elsie Ogloff, Marjorie Otter-
bine.Elsie Scott, Donald Ross (arith)
Winnifred Truax, Billy Tutt (spell.)
Peter Vatkin, Wilhelmina Weber,
Edna Wenzel, Agnes Winter, James
Wolfe (language).
To Grade 4, Division VII—James
Allan, Mildred Anderson, Harold
Bailey. Bessie Berry, G'-orge Bird,
Qarnet Boots, Lura Canfield, Angelo
Colarch, Evelyn Cooper, L uise Dorn'
pier, Charles -Egg (illness) Ernest
Fitzpatrick, Alma Frechette, Ethel
Graham (arith.), Clarence Henderson, Mazie Henderson, Dorothy Lid
dicoat, Winnifred Lightfoot, James
Lyden, Daisy Malm, Hazel Mason,
Laura Maurelli, Richard Michener,
Edmond Miller.Thomas Mudie, Harry
Murray, John McDonald, Marguerite
McDonald, Florence McDougail,Ronald McKinnon, Minnie McNiven,
Helen Pell Elise Prudhomme, Sheila
Rylett, Qeorge Savage [illness], Mildred Smith, Je'jsie Sweezey, Fred
Wenzel [language], Clara Wright.
To Senior Qrade 3, Divition VIII—
John Baker, Irenes Bickerton, Roy
Clark [arith ], Albert Deporter
[spell.], Peter DeWilde,Katie Dorner
Mary Dorner, Annie Elsoff, Albert
Enerby, Bruce Qrey, May Jones,
Eyrtle Kidd [spell.], Jack Love
[arith.], Windsor Miller, Genevieve
Mitchell, Robert Murray, Jean Murray, Clarence McDougail, Mary McKinnon, John McLeod, Crawford
McLennan, Joseph Nucich, Qeorge
O'Keefe [spell.], Clayton Patterson,
Andy Pisacreta, James Robertson,
losephine Ruzicka, Walter Shersto-
betoff, Alex Shkurtoff,Tony Santano,
George Steele [*arith. and spell.],'
Laura Sweezey, Polly Vatkin, Gordon Wilkins, Elsie Withers [arith.],
Alex Woods.
To Junior Grade 3, Division IX—
Ethel Boots, Shepherd Boyce, Katherine Davis, Harry Hansen, Bruce
Harknese, Biil Harkoff, Isabel Huffman, Chester Hutton, Norman MacDonald, Edmund McDonongh, Victor
Rella [arith.], Mary Reibin, Peter
Reibin, Edna Scott, Florence Smith
To Senior Grade 2, Division IX—
Ernest Angliss, John Berry, Alberta
Biddiecome, Alice Bird, Wilbert
Cooper [arith.], Dorothy Donaldson,
Teresa Frankovich, Mowat Gowans,
Swanhilda Helmer, Dorothy Innes,
Dolores Kirkpatrick, Elsie Kuftinoff,
Barbara Love [arith.], Florence Mac*
Donald, Qrace MoLeod, Gordon
Mudie, Lola Ogiloff, Winnifred
O'Keefe, Elizabeth Peterson, Nick
Pisacreta, Felice Schaff, Phyllis Simmons.
To Junior Qrade 2, Division X—
Nels Anderson, Mary Colarch, June
Danielson [illness], Wilma Davis,
John Elosoff, Willie Gowans, James
Graham, Lola Hutton, Veronica Ku-
va, Alice McDonough, Jean McDonald, Grace McDonald, Jaok McDonald, Janet Mason, Donald Massie
[arith.], Myrtle Mitchell, Eunice Pat
terson, Lena Pisacreta, Margaret
Robinson, George Ronald, Mona Ry
lett,  Alice Schaff.
To Senior Grade 1, Division X —
Lloyd Bailey. Margaret Baker, Alice
Boots, Howard Bryant, Lindsay
Clark [phonics], Geraldine Gowans,
Helen Harkoff, Ernest Heaven, Flor
ence Helmer Fern Henniger,Helmer
Jackson, Angus McKenzie, Bennie
Rella, George Robertson, George Ru
zicka, Nellie Shkuratoff.
To Junior Grade 1, Division XI—
Kathleen MoDougall and the begin
aspiring third party in this drov-
ince, and lhe opinion teems well
founded tbat lbe few seats which the
third party might win bere would
be from the Conservatives, owing to
the marked split in the opposition
ranks over tbe leadership. Although
at tbe Conservative convention last
fall Mr. Bowser was the choice of
tbe delegates, still hit- selection wsb
only made after a bard fight aod
many Tories have since thrown over
tbeir allegiance.
Humors of an election bave been
running around, but Premier Oliver
gives tbe laugh at these, stating tbat
tbe government has no intention of
calling an election for a long time lo
Further Tests of
the "Truth Drug"
Los Angeles, June 23 —Six in
mates of the county jail today sub*
mitted voluntarily to hypodermic
injections of scopolftmin, the drug
which Dr R. E. House of Ferris,
Texas, asserts has tbe power ot
making tbose nnder its influence incapable of uttering falsehoods.
All six denied tbey were guiljy of
crimes charged against tbem aod
said they welcomed ao opportunity
to prove tbeir ionocence by answering questions wbile under the sway
of tbe so-called truth-compelling
After tbe preparatory injections
had been administered by Dr. House
and tbe subjects pronounced ready
for tbe tests, all six reiterated their
denials of guilt. Several, however,
revealed startling facts regarding
their past lives.
So far tbia year the oases from
forest fires have not been heavy,
states the minister of lands, Hon. T
D. Pattullo, but he has issued a
fresb warning to forest rangers and
the general public Tbe dangerouB
season has arrived and after the
heavy rains of tbe spring and early
summer, it is only natural to expect
a dry spell, whi ih in many districts
will probably last f r months From
now on, he claims, every citizen
should consider himself a fire ward
en and join in tbe fight to protect
the magnificent forests of British
A Wolf Gub Is Worth as
Much as a Load of Hay.
Liquor Control Board to
Use Local Products—
Few Forest Fires This
Year—-Increase in Income Tax Returns
The following is tbe minimum
and maximum temperature for each
day during the past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on E. F. Law's ranch:
June 29—Friday   93
30—Saturday  99
1- Sunday .100
2—Monday  86
3—Tuesday  82
4—Wednesday.. 82
5- Thursday  82
"   58
-____^.^.^_^__   Inches
Rainfall  0.44
If you   greatly  admire
quality you have at least
| a trace of it yourself.
Wonderful Value for $2.00
It is a source of constant wonder
to publishers tbe world over how
The Family Herald snd Weekly Star
of Montreal can be printed and
mailod to any part in Canada at the
small subscription price of two dollars a year.
Some otber papers may quote a
lower subscription price but they do
not contain ones-fifth, nor in many
cases not even one-tenth ofthe reading matter published each week by
the Family Herald and Weekly Star
People everywhere are now selecting their rending material with
greater discrimination tban in the
past. Instead of being loaded with a
lot of second rate papers and magazines, they are now saying money
by discarding the chaff and subscribing to tbe Family Herald and
Weekly Star of Montreal—tbe one
big, all round journal tbat provides
in its seventy two pages every week
an ample volume and variety of
reading to satisfy every member of
the family.
In addition to being the best Informed, most practical and helpful
paper for farmers, the Family Herald and Weekly provides the best of
serial and shert stores, complete departments- for women and young
folks, powerful editoriels on the
most important topics of tbe day, a
complete weekly digest of the world
news, in- fact a veritable library of
information, entertainment and inspiration. On acconnt of its clean,
wholesome aod helpful character,
irs phenomenal value and powerful
influence for good, it is not too
mucb to say that the Family Herald
Special Oorretiponilence of The Sun.
Victoria, July 5.—For the purpose of influencing capital in Great
Britain to invest io British Columbia industrial enterprises, Hon.
John Hart, minister of finauce, has
left for the old country. He also
hopes to make arrangements for
placing provincial loans in London
at a lower rate tban it is necessary
to pay in tbe United Statts. Hon.
Mr. Hart wilt take up matters per
taining to the Pacifi:* Qreat Eastern
railway while abroad.
A Lucid Explanation
Several persons,and ma*ried ones,
too, have aBked un who the "curly
headed little euss" is Well, he's lhe
fool killer, aod is named Cupid He
is supposed to travel around in
Garden of Eien evening dress and
carries a bow and quiver of.poisoned
arrows. Wben be hits a couple' of
victims, tbe female does about five
times as much work as previously
and rapidly adds to her vocabulary;
tbe male wipes hiB feet carefully on
the door mat, pushes the perambulator, attends church, becomes fond
of cloves and peppermints, smokes
in tbe woodshed, splits wood, lights
Ares, cleans stovepipes and has a
real honest to goodness souse abou t
once a year when the head of tbe
bouse visits mother to show tbe off-
spjing. So tbere is no personal
reference in tbe item. We can't imagine a single malo in tbis town being mistaken for Cupid, even in Eden
garb.—New Denver Lesser.
The board of railway commissioners held a sitting iu the
city hall this morning to hear
the application of Uie Vancouver, Victoria & Eastern
Jail way for permission to remove its station ia tUis city
from its present site toa point
outside the city city limits.
The session only lasted
about an hour and a half, and
at 11:30 an adjournment was
taken to allow the members of
the board to view the proposed
new site of the station. Another session will probably be
held later in the day, but it is
not expected shat a decision
in the case will be given out
while the commissioners are
in the city.
The V., V. & E.'s argument
in the case was presented before the board by officials of
the company. The city's contention in the case was well
presented by Mayor Hull nnd
some ofthe aldermen on the
part of the city council, and
by Fred Clark and E. C. Henniger of the board of trade.
The members ofthe railway
commission in the city are
Dr. S. J. McLean, assistant
chief commissioner, chairman;
A. C. Boyce, commissioner,
and R. Richardson, assistant
secretary and registrar.
The liquor control board has completed arrangements with tbe fruit
growers of tbe Saanich peninsula
to manufacture loganberry wine,
aud several thousand gallons will be
purchased and sold in government
stores. So long as liquors aod wines
are sold under government supervision, it is tbe polioy of the officials
to use local products. Loganberries
make a superior wine and it is hoped
to spend mucb of tbe money going
for foreign beverages right at home.
Official List Shows That
Thirty-one Locals Have
Joined the Cooperative
Income tax returns for tbis year
have increased 20 per cent over last
year, announced tbe minister
oi finance this week. He claims
tbat .business throughout the
province is in a flourishing condition, speaking generally.
An amendment to the Game Act
provides that a bounty of 115 will
be paid on wolf cubs over seven
days old, ae well as upon all older
animals. Tbis provision is an incentive to the hunter to snuff out the
young o( predatnry animals wherever they may be found.   •>
Government supporters throughout the province, and particularly
those within close touch of the cabinet, declare tbal the Oliver admiois-
Splendid Condition
of Prairie Crops
The prairie provinces have
been favored with fine weather during the past week, ao
cording to a Winnipeg dispatch. Moisture and sunshi no
combined have produced excellent growth and jhe crop
outlook is decidedly bright.
The season has been remarkable so far in that there is so
little injury to crops by insects.
Manitoba has had excellent crop
weather with plenty of moisture
Damage by recent storms affected
only a few points.
Growth has been so rapid io Saskatchewan on crops seeded in proper
season that grain has got well ahead
of weeds in districts where these
were bad.
In Alberta 10 per cent of the
wheat seeded is iu sho. t blade and
tbe balance Ib quickly coming to
that stage.
On the E..D. it B. C. railway
rain has fallen throughout the entire district and the moisture supply is ample for present needs.
^  E. J.  Fitzpatrick left  yeBterday
tration is in a stronger position than to start work on his four mile con-
it has been since 1916. The defeat tract of surfacing of tbe Cascade-
and Weekly Star of Montreal should of the farmer movement in Ontario Rossland section of the transprovin-
be ia every Canadian home.             • is looked upon aa a hard bio w to the eial highway.
The list of cooperative locals
which are afliliated with the Asso
ciatfi1 Growers of British Columbia,
Limited, Ims been issued and is as
Armstrong Cooperative Growers
association, Bonuiugton Fruit Grow-
ern asso intion, lie-swell Fruit Growers exchange, Burton Cooperative
Growers exchange; Carrols Coopernn
tive Growers union, li. \\. No.l,Burton; Crawford Hay Karmers' Institute, Soderby Growers exchange,
Fouquir Growers union, Grand
Forks Cooporative association, liar
rop and District Cooperative association, Kamloops District Cooperative Growers union, Kelowna Growers exchange, Keremeos Growers
Cooperative association, Neleou Cooperative Fruit Growers association,
Naramata Cooperative Growers exchange, Oliver Cooperotive Growers
exchange, Peaohhtnd Fruit Growers
union, Penticton Cooperative Grow
ere, liobaoo Cooperative exchange,
Salmon Arm Farmers exchange,
ShuBwap Lake Cooperative (Union)
Growers, Summerland Cooperative
Growers association; Sunshine Bay
Cooperative association, Proctor,B.
C ; Vernon Fruit union, Westbank
Cooperative Growers association,
Willow Point Fruit Growers ol
Wynndel, Needles Cooperative
Growers; Vernon Fruit union,Okanagan Centre; Nakusp Growers Cooperative nnion, and the Creston
Fruit Growers union, whioh includes
Creston, New Denver, Queens Bay
and Kaslo. THE   SUN,   GRAND   POKES,   B. C.
Ufa (Srani Ifarka %im
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) $1.00
One Year (in the United States)  ,..  1.50
Addresr -'* -cations to
jThk Grand Fork."! Sun
Phonb 101R Grand Forks, B. CJ
FRIDAY, JULY (5, 192.3
The city council does not, we are informed,
present a solid phalaux on the question as to
the advisability of spending $3750 for a motor fire truck at the present time. Those members of the council who are best qualified
to express an opinion on the subject, say that
it would be out of the question for the city
toj pay for the truck out of the current year's
revenues; and if a debenture bylaw were sub
mittad to tbe ratepayers it would probably be
turned down and the city would be out the
expense of taking the referendum vote. A
large number of the property owners tn whom
we have mentioned the subjec\ have expressed views similar to those quoted above.
Some of those asked for an expression of
opinion on the matter went farther and stated
that even if the city should have a surplus of
the sum named after paying the legitimate
running expenses, they would rather see the
money go into the sinking fund than for a
motor fire truck.
A motor fire truck would really not in
crease the efficiency of the department in the
business section of the city, and in the residential districts the dwellings are so widely
segregated that tliere is not much danger of
more than one burning at a time. Even with a
motor truck the portion saved would probably
be Aliped by water. So, from a utilitarian
standpoint, there is no argument in favor of
the truck worth considering. But from a de
sire to please the department the acquisition
of it will be justifiable when the city gets
enongh funds to purchase it without further
burdening the taxpayers and withotrt out-tail-
lmprovements that are absolutely needed.
At present, if the equipment of the department needs strengthening, it can probably be
done economically and effectively by placing
a few more hose carts in residential districts.
Notes, Notions and Notabl
The vote on the prohibition question in
Manitoba proves conclusively that the women
of that province are as much in need of
eye-opener as tho men are.
A professor at the University of Arkansas
thinks a tarantula little more dangerous to
the ordinary healthy person than common
spiders. To prove his theory he induced a
tarantula to bite him several times. The poison
caused bis linger to swell a little, but no pain
remained after two hours. Tho professor believes that, if illness results from tho bite of a
tarantula, it i.s because the victim's blood
in an unhealthy condition.
A chemist has pointed ont thai a small
quantity of the new "sneeze gas" introduced
into illuminating gas during its manufacture
would prevent many accidental deaths from
asphyxiation, and that tliose who should try
to commit suicide by the use of gas would"
find it impossible—unless they sneezed tliem
selves to death.
When the war was on and tbis country was putting
forth every effort, at home and oversees, to aid the allied cause, a great spirit of confidence and faith, of
willingness to work, economize and sacrifice.filled every
class of the community, from the highest to the lowest.
As a result, Canada's honorable war record has set
her high among the nations, with a place at the imperial counoil table and a voice in international affaire.
Canada must and will come, with equal bonor,
through tbe troublous times of post war readjustment.
The only question iB, will all of us help—or some of
us hinder, by pessimism, apathy, or class jealousy?
To the Canadian farmer tbis argument comes witb a
peculiar force. Agriculture must be the economic bal«
ance wheel of this or any nation. It is an occupation
where nature herself demands energy, courage, economy'
nnd efficiency. These sturdy, qualities radiate from
our farms to industries in otber waiks of life, where so
many leaders were country born and bred.
The farm home and farm 'ife as the nouroe of what
has been and is the strongest and truest in ournationa
character is interwoven witb the histoiy of Canada
from its infancy. Tbe settlers on the shores of New
Rrunswick and Nova Scotia, toiling to clear a patch.of
forest and sowing their grain among tbe stumps; Her*
bert and the pioneers of New France, fighting Indians,
enduring privations, wresting merely a rude liviDg from
their small clearings, but full of faith in the future, if
not for tbem, tben for generations yet tocome; the men
who rescued Upper Canada from the wilderness; the
Red river colonists, who, after two years of complete
destruction of tbeir crops, sent a party to the Missis*
sippi for seed grain for the next year and won! Tbeee
men mrd? poseible the Canada of today.
The farmers of Canada, then, have s rich history and
a noble tradition to live up to. Upon them Canada's
progress bas always, in the main,depended; upon them
it  will always, in the main, depend,
What, then, is necessary for tbe farmers of today?
Simply tbe application of tbose qualities we bave re»
fejred to—energy, courage, economy and efficiency,and
under present-day conditions tbe return is sure and
speedy. A very bigb percentage of farms owned by
farmers in tbis country have been acquired and paid for
in the farmer's own lifetime. For tbe present and future generations there is exactly the same opportunity.
True, with each generation, and perhaps oftener, we
may heve to cbange our type of crops to meet changing
market requirements, but surely tbat is a trifling taek
compared with tbat of tbosd wbo had to establish themn
selves in a new country, create tbeir farm, their com
munity, their markets, and tbeir civilization.
During the war years, tbe farmer, like most others,
became unreasonably optimistic, As in other industries, he overcapitalized, tied up too much money in
extravagant buildings aDd expensive machinery,bought
tractors to get the crops in more quickly and easily,
without considering whether the actual earning power
of these warranted the investment. With the depres
sion whicb followed this over expansion bas been a
serious burden nnd bas shaken the faith of some in
ultimate success.
We must get back the indomitable courage and un»
tiring efforts of Canada's early days. Tbe farmer must
remember ihat in the last analytis he is infinitely better
of! )han ibe wage-earner of tbe city. True, his cash ins-
come may sometimes be small, but be can, at the very
worst, gain bis living from tbe soil, while in tbe city
the larger wage soon melts away in paying for things
whicb on the farm involves no cash ontlay. Tbe'farm
products are necessities of life and must always command a market. Tbe products of tbe city industries
must often create tbeir market and theii sale is subject
to wide fluctuations. Sore of a market, then, tbe farmers' main problem is simply the lowering of cost of
production to permit of a fair margin of profit even at
present prices. Tbis can be done and is being done.
We may call attention to the advertisement placed in
this issue by the Federal Department of Agriculture.
It is more than aa advertisement; it is a call to united
and cheerful effort, a summons to the Canadian spirit
of the "will to win" which has burned so brightly
throughout Canada's history—a spirit whicb is so well
shown in n message received in Ottawa only a few days
ago from one of the foremost farmers of tbe province of
Alberta. He says: "It started to rain tbe last part of
tbe week, aud this coming after the recent heavy rainx
Iiiih put the soil in a condition that it bas not been in
at tbls time of the year since 1916; the farmers are con-
hiM|iii'iitly .veiy jubilant and if optimism could pay
debts the farmers of southern Alberta could by uext
fall cancel our national debt."
•THE STRAIN of miJdern civil-
*"• ized life falls heaviast upon
the eye, the hardest worked and
most neglected of all tbe human
organs. The constant need of
close-range vision; the continual
exposure to the glare reflected
from pavement and buildings or
from high-powered eleectric
lights, all expose the eye to terrific strain. Many suffer from
eye-strain without being con
scious of it. Have your eyes ex ■
amiued and know. We are admirably  equipped for this work.
Jeweller and Optician
Bridge Street Grand Forka
E.C. Henniger Co.
City   Real Estate
Sale  .
Applications for immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by the City, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Prices i—From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Terms i--Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may be seen at the
City Office.
City Clerk.
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and.Salt
Cement and Plaster
Poultry Supplies
Garden Tools
And Other Spring Needs
We stock a complete lino of Rakes, Hoes, Shovels
and all tools necessary for the Spring work.
Ferry's Package Seeds.
Get a Planet Jr. Seeder and Cultivator for the
farm this spring.    They are great labor savers.
Bapco Paints and Varnishes.   Try our  Auto Paint
and Varnish and make the old car look like new.
. Ma<.sey-Harris Implements.   Lsfc us quote you  on
your needs.
Complete Home Furnishers
Grand Forks, B. C.
Established 1910
Ileal Estate and Insurance |
j Kmldstist Agent Oriiiul Porks Towmltu
! Com
otnpsny. Limited
Farms     Orchards    City Property
Agenti al NbIsvou, Oajicsry, Wihiilpcir aud
other Pralriu polnti. Vimoouver Agenta:
Bitabllabeil In l'Jlil. we are in a poiillon to
furnish reliable information noiieerntiig thia
Write lor free literature
Transfer Company
City Baggage and General
Wood and
(or Sale
The Voice Is the Soul
of the Telephone
When you complete a long distance conversation you experience satisfaction that does
not follow under other circumstances. Your
message has been conveyed as you would
have it, and you know exactly how it has
been received by the person at thVother end.
Tae reason of the satisiaction is the intimacy which the telphone gives. It is your
voice and the voice in reply that mskes long
distance telephoning real conversation.
What   You   Have
Tell The People Wh%Y£J,
Office  at R.  F.  Petrle'i Store
Phone 64
Some extravagant statements about the
rapid gain in ppulation that the United .States
has made since 1920 are discredited by the
figures ofthe national' bureau ofeoonomic research, whicli estimates the gain since the last
census to be 4,500,000. The rate seems to be
almost as high as in the years before, the war.
At that rate of growth the population will be
at least 120,000,000 when the next census is
taken in 1930.
In recent teste of various gases for filling
motor car tires nitrogen kept the tire inflated
for thousand*- of miles, but oxygen caused the
tire to deteriorate rapidly.
cAncient History
Items Taken Prom The Orand Porks Sun for the Corrcipondtng
'Week Twenty Years Ago
Mr. and Mis. J. F. Clark, of Port Hope, Ont, who
have been visiting their sons in this city for a week, returned east yesterday.      <
Having already, in their minds, won the election in
this riding, the Conservatives are loudly proclaiming
their oid stock docttrine: ".Stand by the government and
get something for this community; if you tie up with the
opposition you can get no help from Victoria.1'
The Dominion day celebratidff was the most successful
ever held in the city. About $2500 was distributed in
Miss Elsie E. McLaren, of Carson, and William R.
Hull, of Chicago, were married at the home of the bride's
father in Carson on the 30th ult.
William Blakemore, of Montreal consulting engineer,
left this city yesterday to start work on the B. C. Coal
company's lands, sixly miles up the North tork.
|Beal Estate and Inauranc*
Exoelloiit facilities (ot selling your farms
We hare agenta st   ail   Cowl snd  Prairie
Bailable Information rojranllriK thit dlatrct
cheerfully furnished. We solicit your inquiries.
Dominion Monumental Worka
iUbeatos Products Co. HooBng
Wholesale and Retail      '
Dealer in
Havana Cigars, Pipes
Imperial Billiard Parloi
Gmod Forka, B. C.
Furniture  Made  to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinds.
Upholstering Neatly   Don
wiwuria a?uo>
Check Books
We have secured the
agency for Grand
Forks of a large
Western Publishing
House which manufactures a superior
grade of Counter
Check Books—carbon back and carbon
leaf styles.
Prices Are Right
Encourage Western
enterprises and keep •
Western   money  in
the West.
Any Quantity
from 100 up to 2500
The Sun
Job Department #
THE   SUN,   GRAND   FOEK&,   B. C.
Impossible For You to Get More
Tire Value—Needless to Get Less
UNLESS you'see the name "Bayer" on tablets, you
are not getting Aspirin at all
Accept only an "unbroken -package" of "Bayer Tablets of
Aspirin," which contains directions and dose worked out by
physicians during 22 years and proved safe by millions for
Colds Headache Rheumatism
Toothache       Neuralgia Neuritis
Earache Lumbago Pain, Pain
Bandy "Bayer" boxes of 12 tablets—Also bottles of 24 and 100—Druggistt.
Aspirin la the trade mark (registered In Canada) of Bayer Manufacture of Mono-
seetlcacideater of Ballcyllcactd. While It la well known thst Aspirin mesne Barer
manufacture, to assist the public against Imitations, the Tableta of Bayer Company
will he stamped with their general trade mark, the "Bayer Cross."
See our new Shop, just opening up,
in the
We Will Carry
a Full Line of
Long   distance   Receiving
Sets—several makes.
Electrical Supplies
i  and will do
All kinds of Electrical Re
Parts to Build Your Own
pair Work.
House Wiring.
Five-sixths of the timbered area of B. C. belongs
to the People.
Each year,  it is increasing in value as the more
accessible timber is cut.
In 1922 there was received from the sale of such
timber the silm of $620,000.
This helped to keep your taxes down, and to build
up the Province.
Green Timber is British Columbia's assurance of
Perpetual Prosperity.
ere an
In 1922 Canada produced minerals
estimated to be worth $180,622,000,
an increase of practically J6.000.000
over the previous year.
A British silk manufacturing firm
has decided to establish a large
plant near Quebec city for the
manufacture of artificial silk yarn.
A train nearly a mile long and
drawn by a single locomotive recently carried 165,000 bushels ot
grain oyer thc Canadian Pacific
western lines.
Almost sixteen and a half million
bushels of wheat were exported
from the port of Vancouver during
thc period September 1, 1922, to
May 31 of the present year, according to figures issued by the Merchants   Exchange
Among the large number of unaccompanied women on the last
westward voyages of the Canadian
Pacific liners "Montclare" and "Melita" were twenty-three who were
coming to Canada to be married in
various  parts of  the  Dominion.
An official in charge of the cattU
shipments from the Port of Montreal recently stated that nearly 40,-
000 head of store cattle would be
shipped from the port this year. He
declared the rush seasons would be
the montha of August, September
and Octolor.
On her last eastward voyage the
Canadian Pacific liner "Empress of
Canada" established a new trans-
Pacific record of 8 days, 10 hours
and 55 minutes from Yokohama to
Vancouver. The previous . record, 8
days, 18 hours and 31 minutes, had
been held since 1914 by the "Empress of Russia" of the same line.
If public deposits in banks and
loan companies can be taken as a
fair indication, the Canadian is the
world's richest man, according to a
statement made by P. A. Hatch, retiring president of the Ontario division of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association. These deposits
amount to more than two billion dollars, or $250 per capita.
According to a report of the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, 62,273,-
161) ton3 of railway freight originated in Canada in 1922, and 26,581,-
681 was received from foreign connections, making a total of 88,854,-
8i)0 outgoing. Also 62,548,578 tons
terminated in Canada and 25,438,906
were delivered to foreign connections, making a total of 87,987,484
A distinct type of sheep, adapted
to prairie range conditions and said
to possess superior wool and sheep
qualities, has been developed by R.
(J. Harvey, an Alberta sheep raiser.
It will be known as the "Romnellet,"
and has been evolved after eight
years' experimenting with crosses of
the Romney-Marsh with the Ram-
bouillet. As evidence of the wool
production from this species, Mr.
Harvey's annual clip is 120,000
That Canada was gradually becoming more and more of an industrial country, and that Canadian*
themselves were not truly aware of
the fact, was the opinion expressed
before the Winnipeg Rotary Club br
Prof. R. C. Wallace, of the University of Manitoba. He stated that
during the past twenty-five years
the population of Canada had increased 80 per cent., the railway
mileage 120 per cent., while the industrial life of the country increased
700 per cent.
St. Hyaeinthe, Que., has the distinction of having developed ths
world's largest organ plant, and by
native Invention aad improvements
evolved an instrument which receives praise from the world's first
artists. An organ recently shipped
by Cassavant Freres of thot plaet
to Paris, France, is absolutely ths
first to leave the American continent foT Europe, ths movement having heretofore been in ths opposite
direction, and was so shipped bs-
cause the purchaser desired the finest and most up-to-dats instrument
that could be secured. '
ere an
Buffalo in Wainwright reserve increase at the rate of about 2,000
each year
The output of coal from Canadian
mines during January, 1923, amounted to 1,743,800 tons.
The total wheat production of
Canada in 1022 was 390,786,40*
bushels of which Saskatchewan produced 250,167,000 bushels.
The Eskimos give the doctor his
fee as soon as he calls. If the
patient recovers hs hasps it and ii
not it is returned.
Heads of lsrge implement and
machinery firms in Edmonton and
Calgary state that fer every acre of
corn that was sown in Alberta last
year ten will be sown this ysar.
1923 will be the greatest prospecting year known so fax in Northern Ontario. The largest rusk of
?inspectors is in the district sxtsad-
ng from Swastika for a hundred
miles east into the Province ef Quebec.
Grain men and others in Calgary
already forecast the probable yield
of wheat in Alberta this year at
something in the neighborhood of
100,000,000 bushels. This estimats
is based on ths 65,000,000 bushel
crop of last year.
The total wheat production in
Canada has grown from 16,723,000
bushels in 1871 to over 899,000,000
in 1922. The number of elevators in
1905 was 525 with oapaqity for 18,-
820,352 bushels. To-day the capacity
ef 3,924 elevators in Canada is 281,-
888,420 bushels.
The Canadian Pacific Railway
have further reduced ths freight-
fate on horses from prairie stations
to all eastern Canada points. The
old rate on horses from Moose Jaw
to Montreal or Toronto was $1.39 tt
per hundred pounds. The new rate
will be $1.20% or a saving to ths
farmer of $38 per car.
"Will Summers," swned by His
Majesty the King, was , recently
brought to Canada on the Canadian
Pacific Steamer "Marburn" and will
be kept at the Prince of Wales'
ranch near Calgary for breeding
purposes. This famous five-year-old
has a pedigree back to Orms and
Galopin, the former sire of Flying
Fox and the latter a Derby winner.
It is reported that the head of Vise
textile department of Leeds University, England, has invented •
process for the making of artificial
wool from cotton waste. The basis
of th" process is cellulose acetet.
The product wears well as wool, it
is said, will take the dye of any
desired color and is considered a |
better insulator than natural wool.
During the last fiscal year Canadian exports of tobacco amounted to
471,991 pounds with a value of
$175,826. Of this value the United
Kingdom accounted for $135,784, the
United States $5,216 and ether
countries $34,826. There are 126
tobacco factories in Canada, Quebec
and Ontario being tbe principal pro- |
Pessimists are cynics' understudies,   world
Running on schedule the Canadian
Pacific liner "Empress of Canada,"
Captain A. J. Hailey, again demonstrated her right to the claim of
"Queen of the-Pacific." The Canadian vessel left Vancouver 24 hours
after the American liner "President
McKinley" and arrived in Yokohama
five hours in the lead.
The British Government is completing at Chatham the largest and
most wonderful under-water craft in
the world. On the sttxtsce she will
displace 2,780 tons and when submerged 8,600 tons, this displacement
being 1,400 tons greater than that
of the largest German submarine.
With a twelve-inch gun the new submarine will be able to bombard any
object and then quickly disappear
under the sea. '
It's  Lhe  worst  wheel'that
makes  the most noise in the
Canadian   Bli id    Ifabies'  Home
Nursery, Hospital ana Hiindergarten
Dominion  Charter,   Without Stock  Subscription.
DIRECTORS—Hon. Mart-n Rurrell, Hon. President; Hou. J. G. Turriff,
President; A. H. Fitz-ri-n-n-j-w, Vioe-Preiideatj Edward Grand,. Seoretary
C. Bluckett Robinson, Cor. Secretary; J. P. McKinley, Treasurer; Lt -Col
Whiton, M.D, R. H. Campbell, Thomas Mulvey, K.C, A. E. Provost, W
Lyle Reid, A. J. Freiraaa, Charles H. Pinhey, C. E., W. J. Cairns, and Tom
TRUSTEES—C. H. Pinhey, C.E., Thomas Mulvey, K.C, A.J. Preiman.
Legal Adviser Bankers Auditor
John I. MaoCracken, K.C.    Royal Bank of Canada.     A. A. Crawley, C. A.
The Objects of this Institution, for which Incorporation was recently obtained, are: "To provide a Home and Refuge for Babyaud Infant Blind; to
provide free Scientific Care, Training and Maintenance; to Save the Lives of
even a few of the many of sush.i'rf'irtunates, who, for the lack of such ser
vice, perish overy yoar; and to return these little ones to their parents, at
sohool age with normal, healthy bodies and sound minds."
This is a large and greatly needed Child Welfare Service. Careful enquiry
at the Government offices in the venous provinces reveals the fact that there
are at,tho presant time nearly 250 Infant Blind in the Dominion. Nothing
has yet been done for those helpless little ones. In the United States, 16
years ago, the first home was opened in New York City; they have now homes
in 13 States, all doing excellent work. In England, some time ago, Sir Ar
l&ur Pearson organized "Sunshine House," Chorley Wood, for Blind Babies,
and he claims that it is the only one in the British Empire. Let us have the
SECOND in Canada. To reach this worthy end money is urgently required.
Fifty Thousand Dollars is the present objective of the Boa.ul. While the
Home is to be located in Ottawa it will take in the Baby Blind from every
province, so that this APPEAL for funds will be Dominion wide, and an
early and generous response is confidently expected. Cheques should be made
payable to the Canadian Blind Babies Home Association. All remittances
wili be promptly acknowledged.
The shortest
thing in the
isn't a mosquito's eyelash or a gnat's
whisker, or any other part of any insect
whatsoever-IT IS THE MEMORY OF
If you doubt this ask the first men
men you meet the following questions!
When did the R31 cross the Atlantic?
Who was her pilot? On What date was
Lord Kitchener drowned? What was
the name of the ship that blew up and
almost wiped out the city of Halifax?
What Qer nan submarine torpedoed
the Lusiiania?
It is a safe bet that you would not
get one correct answer.
Now do you see the necessity of persistent advertising? When the details
of events of world wide importance are
so soon forgotten how do you expect
the public to remember you unless
YOU TELL'EM-and keep telling them?
One step won't take very far,
You've got to keep on walking;
One word won't tell folks who you are,
You've got to keep on talking;
One inch won't make you very tall,
You've got to keep on growing;
One little ad. won't do it all,
You've got to keep them going.
Brown started out without a cent;
He's rich now and still rising;
Some say 'twas luck; some say 'twas
HE says 'twas advertising. THE   SUN.   URAND   FORKS,   1.6.
urday over the transprovinciil highway to visit Mr. Taylor's parents.
Mr. Taylor returned to Rossland on
Monday, but Mrs. Taylor is still a
visitor in the city.
E C. Henniger, M.P.P., returned
Monday night from a six weeks' vacation trip to his old home in Nova
Scotia. He reports having had
a pleasant trip, and says tbat the
crops in the prairie provinces never
looked better.
City Grocery
iv mmm m
News of the Gity
J. M. Campbel, the well known
bridgeman of this city and Danville,
wbo has been witb the CP.R. and
Kettle Vailey line for a number of
years, suffered a paralytic stroke
while going to bis home on Third
street on Sunday, the entire lefl side
of his body being affected by tbe
malady. He was at once removed
to the Qrand Forks hospital, and
his condition is reported to be
slightly better at present. The at«
tack is said to bave been brought on
by a clot of blood on tbe brain.
Chester Smith and family, of St
Jobn, Wash., arrived in the city on
Saturday. Tbey spent Sunday at the
home of Mr. Smit.i's parents, Mr.
and Mr. J. A Smith, and returned
to iheir home on Monday.
Just arrived, a shipment of
The Jelly with the pure fruit
Phone 25        H. H. Henderson, Prop.
IT brings the whole country for miles around within easy reach.
Hare you seen the new models? They're as graceful as swallows! As
bright as new coin! As weatherproof as a duck? Automobile Steel
Bearings. Frame of English Seamless Steel Tubing. Hard Maple
Rims. Hercules Brake. Everything complete. Real Quality. Real
Value. Easy Terms. We are tbe people to mount you right.
J. R. MOOYBOER SL^£fitt£
Open Saturday Evenings Ull 10 o'Cloek
Mrs. Herman, of Danvil.e, was
instantly killed last Saturday wbile
cranking ber car. Sbe had forgotten
to throw it out of gear, and tbe car
started up and ran over ber, breaking bur neck.
A few tourists occasionally ar
rive in the cily over the Rossland
Cascade   transprovincial    highway
They state that the road is passable
but   tbat   it   is Btil   rather rough
Surfacing crews   are,  however,   at
work on the road, and it is expected
tbat it  will   soon   be in first class
condition for all kinds of traffic.
W. H. Hoffman, one of the first
settlers in Grand Forks, who has
been witb the Granby company in
Anyox since the smelter ceaBed
operations here, came in on Sunday
from Allenby and spent a couple of
days in the city tdis week renewing
old acqaintances.
Miss Sarah McCallum, of the
Craubrook teaching staff, is spending her vacation with her parents in
tbjs city.
A. D. Morrison, the pioneer jeweller of Grand Forks, is once more
back at bis old profession, having
taken over the business of J. C,
Taylor.ou tbe 1st inst.
Mr. and   Mrs.  P.  E.  Taylor, of
Rossland, arrived in tbe city on Sat-
SEALED TENDERS, addreMed to the Poat-
mastur General, wiil Ito received at Ottown
until noun on Friday, thu 27th July, 1928, for
tbe ooiivuyunce of His Majesty's Mail:-*, on h
proposed Contract fur four years, six times
per week over the Grand Forka Kural Koute
No.l, from the Postmaster (Jeneral's Pleasure.
^'Printed notices containing further inform
Htlon its to conditions of propost-d Contract
may be seen and blankfounsof Tenilur may
he obtained at the Post Ollices of Grand
Korks and West Grand Forks H.C DUtrlot
Superintendent of Pon tal Service and at the
office of the District Buperiuleudent's Otlice,
Vancouver, A. C.
15th June, lie:.
Distrlot Superintendent,
Call at Donaldson's and
see the best buy in men's
work shoes on the market today.
Also don't forget to look
at the new line of
These are real bargains.
Gus Frache left the first of   the
week for Lethbridge, where he  will
relieve bis   brother Alwin    for  a
couple of weeks while on  his vaca
Smoking compartments arc to bs
provided in the new wooden winged
monoplanes for use on the London*-*
Amsterdam-Berlin  air  route.
301,960,268 feet of lumber wers
produced from mills in the Ottawa
Valley last season aa against 238,-
116,764 feet In the 1921-11122 season.
Last season's grain shipments
through the port of Montreal ex.
ceeded 153,000,000 bushels. Revenues reached $3,460,810 providing
• surplus of $266,862.
Frai:k Croyell came in from New
Denver ou Monday night. He is en«
gaged in the pole contracting business at that point.
fl. Campbell, governmenl iiquoj
vendor, is spendng his holidays at
bis ranch at Oliver tbis week.
Forest rangers of the Quebec and
New Brunswick forestry departments will co-operate to the extent
of covering fires on either side of
tbe provincial border.
Two thousand maples and on*
thousand green ash trees, natives of
Saskatchewan, were shipped to ths
Canadian War Memorial Park at
Poperinghe, Belgium, recently.
.IKAkKUTKNUl'lts will,be rooeived liy the
Mlniater ul Landa, at Viotorla, mil, later
than noon on the 19th day July, 1923. Iar the
purchaae ut Lloenoe X52H5, to out 125,000
feet of Fine and Flr, 2,000 Hallway Tlei, and
70,000 lineal feet of I'oles, on an area aituated
on Cedar Creek, North Fork of Kettle Klver.
Similkameen Land District.
One year will be allowed for removal of
Further particular!of the Chief Foreater,
Victoria, 1). C or Dlttriot Forester, Nulaou
A, D. Morrison and H.  A
pell expect to have irrigation   plant
in Hoiking order tbis week.
IJciti Matheson, superintendent of
the Itock Ctudy mine, is a patient
in tbe Grand Forks bospiial.
J, 0. Taylor lefl on Sunday night
for the coast, where be will remain.
His family preceeded him.
Vancouver is to have direct consular trade relations with Spain.
A vice-consulate has been established there which embraces the
prairie provinces and is the only
one west of Montreal.
During the year 1922 boring operations for the discovery of oil and
gas in Alberta were continued to
the extent of 230,000 feet, resulting in the discovery and development of a field with an output of
180,000,000 feet per day.
Despite reports of adverse conditions in the prairie provinces, Saskatchewan officials estimate that
after payinj*- nil expenses the farm-'
srs of that province last year had
$100,000,000 in net proceeds to ap-
Notice of Intention to   Apply to
Purchase Land
In Similkameen   Laisd   Diatriot, Recording
Distrlot, and altuate at the south end of
Christina Lake, adjoining a afflall part of
Lot 498 (which part of lot is owned by An
drew Willey)
AKE NOTICK that I, Andrew Willey, of
Bonniuirton Falls B. C, occupation Electrician,  intends to apply for permission to
purchase  tile following   described    lands:
Commeuciuir at a post planted at the southeast
corner of my part of Lot -198; thence North to
oorner of Lot 498; tbence southeast,followinir
Cun. Pacific liailway tn apoint due eaat of
point of commencement; tbenee dsie Weat to
¥oint   of   commeneement   and   containing
wentyaores, moreor less.
Dated June 27th, 1923.
K. O. Ritchie. Agent.
T*AKK NOTICE that the Oaacade Develop-
■*■ ment Co. (foreign), whoac addreaa la
Cos-cade. B. C.will apply for a licence to
take and uae tea miner'! inches of water out
ol Moody Oreek, whioh flows Easterly aad
drains Into Christina Lake one-half mile from
the foot of Christina Lake. The water will be
diverted from the' stream at a point about
one half mile rtestof LutSlti, Group One. and
will be uaed for Irrigation purposes upon
the laud described aa i'arts of Lots 20S and
269. Thli notice was posted on the ground on
the 28th day of May, 1923. A oopy of this notioe and an application pursuant thereto
and to the "Water Aot, 1914,'' will bo tiled
in the offloe ol the Water Reoorder at Orand
Forkt, B. O. Objections to the application
may be filed with tbe eald Water Beoorder
or with the Comptroller of Water Klghta,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B, ('., within
thirty daya al ter tha lint appcaranoe of thle
notice In a local newspaper. The data of the
flrst publloa.ion of this notioe ia June lit,
„   -. *■ o.   .   APPU*»nt.
By Oeorge K. Blocker, Agent,
SEALBD TBNDERS will be received by the
Minister of Landa at Viotorla not later than
noon on the 19th day of July, 1923, for the
purchase of Licence X5259, to out 800,000 feet
of Yellow Pine and 15,000 lineal feet ol Oedar
Poles, on an area adjoining Lot 1341a, Similkameen Land Distrlot.
One (1) year will be allowed for removal
of timber.
Further particular! of the Ohlef Foreater,
Viotorla, 11. Cor Diatrlct Foreater, Nelaon,
B O.
Canada Confident
of the Future
ing to
is endeavor-
regain her
Phone 20
after-the-war stride
in the midst of many
difficulties, — debt,
deflation  and  depression being
some of them.
Quack remedies and academic
theories beset her path on every
side. Some suggest that our debt
worries can best be eased by going further into debt. Others
preach blue ruin, decry their own
country and indulge in mischievous propaganda generally,
while still others look for a new
social order or some miraculous
sign to indicate a better coming
day—all this in apparent forget-
fulness of the fact that just as
there was no royal road to win
the war, there is now no royal
road to pay for it or regain our
former buoyancy, vigor and
Some are leaving Canada hoping to escape taxation, only to
find there is no escape anywhere,
ln seeking for easy remedies too
many of us overlook the fact
that the greatest remedy is honest, hard work faithfully and
intelligently performed, accompanied by old-fashioned thrift.'
It takes time, it takes patience,
it takes grit. But every Canadian
knows in his heart that Canada
is coming through all right.
Our Experience Proves It
Look back over the path Canada
has trod. The French Colonists,
cut off from civilization by 3,000
miles of sea, faced a continent—
a wilderness—without the aid of
even a blazed trail. They had
to fight savages, frosts, scurvy,
loneliness and starvation.
The United Empire Loyalists
subdued an unbroken forest in
one generation, growing their
first wheat amid the stumps and
snags of the new clearing.
The Selkirk settlers came to
Manitoba when the prairie was a
buffalo pasture, and grew wheat
where none had grown before
and where those who knew the
country best at that time said
wheat would never grow. Today the Canadian prairies grow
the finest wheat in the world.
In proportion to population Canada
stands to-day among the wealthiest
nations in the world, with average
savings on deposit per family of
$800. Canada's foreign trade per head
of population stands amongst the
highest of the commercial nations,
being $192 per capita in 1922-23, as
compared with $135 in 1913-14, the
"peak" year before the war.
New Opportunities for
In Canada, although prices in the
world markets fell below war level,
our farmers reaped last autumn '.lie
largest grain crop in Canadian history, and Canada became the world's
largest exporter of wheat, thus in
large measure making up for lower
Last year, Great Britain, after an
agitation extending over thirty years,
removed the embargo on Canadian
cattle, and a profitable and practically
unlimited trade is opening up for
Canadian stockers and feeders.
" The 20th Century belongs to
Canada"—if Canadians keep faith.
The next article will suggest practical opportunities for profit making
on our Canadian farms.
Have Faith in Canada
Aathorind for publication by tli!
Dominion Department of Agriculture
W. B. MOTHERWELL, Mlniater.  Dr. J. H. GRIBDALE, Dtpaty Mlniater.
THE HUB—Bring your boot
and shoe repairs to my
shop for neat and prompt
work. Look for the big
boot.—GEO.   ARMSON
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty
'PAKE NOT! B that the Cascade Develop-
■*- inent Uo. (lureigu), w.'ioae aiinreaa is Oaacade, B.C., will apply for a Licence to take
and use Ten oubio feet of wator out of Kettle
Kiver, which flows Easterly and Somberly
and drains into the Columbia Itiver near
Marcus, Washington, U.S.A. The water will
be diverted from the stream at a posnt about
the head of the cauyon and close by tlie Dam
on Lot 314, (iroup Oue, Miuillkainceu Division.
Vale DUtrlot, and will be u.od for irrigation
purpovo upon the iunda desorlbed as Lota 268,
«i9. 312 and SlU. Thia notice waa poated
on the (round on the 28th day of
May. 1923. A copy of thia notlee aud an
application purauant thereto and to the
"Wnter Aet, W14," will be filed in the office of
the Water Beoorder at Orand Porka. B. O.
Objeotiona to tbe application may be filed
with the aaid Water Beoorder or with the
Comptroller of Water Bights, Parliament
Buildings, Viotorla, B. O., within thirty daya
after tlie lit st appearance of thia notioe In a
local newspaper. The date of the first publication of thia notice ls June Ist, 111..
By Oeorge K. Stoeker, Agent.
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
- Yalk Hotel, First Street
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
'pHE value of well-
printed, neat appearing stationery aa
a meanaof getting and
holding desirable buainesa has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
Wedding invitations
Ball programs
Business cards
Visiting cards
Sh'p-ing tags
Price lists
New Type
{Latest Styled
Columbia Avenue and        /
Uke Street /
Minimum price of flrat-olaaa land reduoed
to fi an aore; aeeoud-claas to 12.SO au aere.
Pre-emption now confined to surveyed
lauds* only,
Keoorda will be grauted covering only land
tuitable for agricultural purposes aud wh ioh
ia uon-tiinber land.
Partuerahlp .pre-emptlona abolfahed, bnt
partiea of uot more tbau four may arrange
for adjacent pre-emptions with joint realdence, but eaoh making ueoeaaary improvements on respective olalms.
Pre-emptora muat occupy claims for five
yeara aud make improvementa to value ol tlu
per acre, including olearlnx and cultivation
of at leaat 5 ucres. before receiving Crown
Wbere pre-emutor 'iu occupation not lass
tban 3 yeara, aud haa made proportionate
improvements, he may, because of ill-health,
or other oauae, be grauted intermediate ce r-
tilioate of improvement aud transfer his
Kecords without permanent resideuee m'ay
be iaaued, provided applicant ulake. improvements to extent of I'M per annum and
records aame eaoh year. Failure to make improvements or reoord sane will operate as
forfeiture. Title oaunot be obtained In less
thauCi years, uud improvements of 110.(10 per
acre, iueludlng ft acres cleared and cultivated,
and residence of at least two years are res
Pre-emptor holding Crown graut may reoord another pre-euiptiou, if he requires land
iu conjunction with his farm without actual
qeeupatioo. provided statutory improvements
and residence maintained on Crown grauted
laud. .
Uusurveyed areas, uot exceeding HO acres,
may be leased as homeeites; title to be ob -
taiued after fulfilling residential aud Improvement conditions.
for graaing and industrial purposes areas
exceeding MO acres may be Issued by one person or company.
Mill, factory or industrial sites ou timber
land exoeediug IS aoros may be purohased:
conditions include payment of stumpage.
Natural hay meadows luacpeaslble by existing roads may be purohased conditional upou
construction of a road to them. Rebate of
oue-hali of oust oi roads uot exceeding hall
of purehaae price is mode.
The seope of this Act is enlarged to include
all persons joining or serving with ilia
Ma|ejty'a Voroea. The time within whieh tha
heirs or devisees ol a deoeaaed pre-emptor
may apply for title under this Act it extended
from one yaar from tbe death of sueh
parson, as formerly, until one Tear alter tha
conclusion of the present war. This privilege
Is also made retroactive.
No fees leiatiug to pre-emptions ara due or
payable by soldiers ou pre-emptions recorded
after June atl. 1818. Taxes are remitted for
fi va yeara.
Proviaiou.lor return of moneys accrued, due
and beau paid since August 4,1 (14, on ue-
eountof payments, fees or taxes on aoldiers'
,f ntoraet on agreeueuts to purehaae town or
eity lota held by membere of Allied Foroes,
or dependents, a&nlrad direct or indlreot,
remiltedlfrom enlistment to March U, UN.
Provision mad. tor Issuance ol Crown
grants to sub-purohaeers of Crown Lands,
who failed to oomplete purohase. involving
fortelture, on fulfillment of oonditlons of
purehaae, interest and taxes. Where aub-
purehasee do not olaim whole of orlgnal parcel, purchase price due and taxes may be distributed proportionately over whole area.
Apportions must be made by May 1,1910.
Graaing Acs, 1910. for systematic development of livestock industry provides for graaing districts and range administration under
Commissioner. Annual graaing permits
issued based on numbers ranged; priority for
established owners, Stock-owners may lomt
Aaaoolatlona for range management. Free,
or partially iree.permlta for settlers, c
ortravellers, up to ten head.
I have opened a new harness ahop and am prepared
to make harness to order
and do a!! kinds of repair
work. , Shop equipped witb
modern machinery. All work
C. A. Crawford
N— TeUyh— OiW    .


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