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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Mar 23, 1923

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the (.-outer
6 ^'"•"wWbr.
n   .ftjrmu
is situated in
oi !&iand.l?o**N;valley,, the
premier Tfr'uit growing district of
Southern British Columbia. Mining,
and lumbering are also important
industries in districts contiguous to
the city.
Kettle VaMey Orchardist
THP *mf IJi ia tn8 'avor*te news-
s* smsj OS-Ill*,  paper of the citizens
of the district. It is read by more
people in the city and valley than any
other paper because it is fearless, reliable, clean, bright and entertaining.
It is always independent but never
• <.*.\f.
ii*    b
'Tell me what you Know ls true:
I can sluess as well as you.
.$1.00 PER YEAR
Review of Industrial Conditions by Minister of
Finance—Next Political
Battle Will Be BetWeeh
the Two Old Partfes.
Redistribution at the
Next Session
Special Correspondence of Thc Sun.
Victoria, M-trch 21,—A review of
industrial conditions in British Columbia by Hon John Harl, minister of finance and of industries, has
resulted in the sta'eiueut that never
for many yenrs bas (he province
been in such splendid condition.
Despite tha doubts of the pessimist,
hard times are a thing of the past,
speaking generally, and the province is undoubtedly on the eve of an
era of unprecedented prosperity.
The minister visited industrial
plants in Van onver and New WeBt*
minster, especially those which have
received loans from the department
of industries In nearly every inx
stance tbe concerns are operating
full time and are bard pressed to
meet tbe demands for their products
British Columbia manufacturers, by
the "Made in B. C "campaign,bave
succeeded iu proving tbat tbeir
goods are tbe best of, or superior to,
those imported from oiber provinces
and :ountries, and already tbere
has been a marked decrease in ims
Mr. Hart says that this revival of
business was being felt in every
put of the province, aod if tbe peon
pie as a w hols could grasp the true
situation there sbould be nothing
but prosperity. A campaign of in«
dustrial encouragemeut is being
carried on by tbe industries department and numerous requests for in
formation regarding manufacturing
opportunities, sites, etc., are being
answered every week.
Vancouvor is tbe coming city of
tbe west, ie the prophecy of tbe
minister of finance, aud the entire
province must profit by tbe progress
of that cily. Usually conservative
and reticent in making sucb statements, tbis report of Hon. Mr.
Hurt is being received witb marked
Biaeed reports of political conditions in tbis or auy otber province
lead nowhere, nor do they hoodx
wind the public. The Conservative
party beld tbe reins of power for
many years. During tbe past seven
years tbe Liberals bave beeu in
office. Tbere bas been no serious at
tempt lo form a third party, al
though tbe farmer movement cre«
ated a stir for a wbile. Now the uew
Provincial pany is on the map,
temporarily or permanently, as time
will tell, but to the unprejudiced
observer it appears that there is
comparatively little interest being
taken in tbe third party movement.
The Pr ivini'istls got away to a Hying
start in Vaneouvea, largely through
publibity, tbe curiosity of tbe pub»
tic and careful organization. Since
that time tbe movement bas undoubtedly lost momentum, until
now the third party's "days appear
So once more, as has been tbe
case in innumerable instances in
political history, the voter' must
choose between one of two parties.
Either the Oliver.gover iment must
bave more time to contime, its work
—which  ippears  to'have restored
the credit of the province, despite
hard times -ur Mr. Bowser must be
given another chanoe. The political
wiseacre maintains tbat tbe dissatisfaction with Mr. Bowser's leadership has caused a split iti' tbo Conservative party, whioh bas resulted
in the formation of a third party:
Certnin it is, tbe leader of tbe op«
position iB working industriously to
"kill" tbe McRae party, perhaps fur
good reasons. Meanwhile, British
Columbia is well on the way to in-
du9trial,and eonaniefuial prominence
f"chlpging ht*TTsesin midstream"
nevei prove*! a  profitable   venture.
Premier Oliver announces that a
redistribution bill yvi.li be introduced'
at tbe next session of tbe legislature
He can not'say what changes in the!
provincial electoral districts may be
made, but dues point out tbut voters
should gti their uanios mi   tbe   lists
as  soon  as   possible,   because   the
registration in any district will have
a direct bearing upon the redietribu
tion of seats. Voters may register at
auy time, their names being record
ed uu tbe voters' lest wben tbe  next
court of revision sits.
Why Irrigate?
The Same Street-Corner Game
In tbe dry belt of British Colum
bia the average annual rainfall varies
between nine and sixteen acre inches
This rain comes in small amounts
only, a^fall of .26 of aU inch being
considered a good rain. Yet an
amount of only 25 of an acre inch
of water applied uniformly over our
orchards would be regarded as poor
Owing to rapid evaporation much
of the rain—aB well as snowfall—
accomplishes very little. Therefore
it is necessary lo put iu irrigation
systems. Further tbe "why and
the wherefore" of using watar must
be studied—how the soil holds it,
how and wben it loses it, etc.
lu districts of heavy rainfall
spring development of crops is slow,
the reason being tbat the soil bas an
excess of water or tbe percentage of
air is too small for best root develop
ment; but witb the advancing sea
Bon crops grow luxuriously as these
percentages become more evenly
In tbe arid and semi arid sections
tbere is an early rapid growth of all
plants, wild and cultivated; but they
soon exhibit signs of slowing down
start to make seed, and  ripen—not
because of a short growing hbusoii,
but because the percentage of water
has fallen too low. It iB at tbis point
tbat tbe  physical condition of soil
should be considered.   Into most of
our dry belt soils the  water quickly
penetrates, because of their grauu-
ar structure—itself caused  by tbe
raiu comiug in small amounts and
so never leaching the lime aud otber
soil constituents out.    Under   dry
farming     methods   tbe    granular
structure is soou broke,! dowu  and,
rain does not  penetrate bo  readily,
but bas a tendency instead to  pud
die the surface, Tbis means a satur
ated top-soil aud heavy evaporation.
Under irtigation there is a danger
of   "burning   tbe candle   at  botb
ends," i.e., of destroying the physical condition  by clean cu'iivution
aud tben, by applying large quantities oi water at intervale,  carrying
much plant food dut of reach of the
roots.    With   some of tbe heavier
soils it   is   possible to  injure   tbe
granular stfijcjure to sucb an extent
that water will uot  penetrate freely
beyond a depth of a lew inches. As
an illustration:
We bave on tbis station applied
tbree BOr^v;.Iflohe^iitpilfe'odllvUb its
granular system so spoilt that the
water would not penetrate nine
inches; while on land with tbe gran*
ular system improved, a similar
amount of water—tbree acre inches
—penetrated, four feet. It will.tben,:
be wen that' if botb were finally
irrigated tin, say .September 1, the
former would suffer tremendously
from October tn April if it received,'
only—as it probably would—a pre-jj
cipitation of some five acre inches'
It will also be seen how the second;
would place and stoic those five,
acre inches to a greater depth, 'and
suffer less evaporation.
Last year many of our growers
did not commence irrigating nntil
May 15, or eveti jlljne lv by which
time tbeir lands were extremely
dry. A main reason for irrigating,
then, is to keep the moisture in ths
Boil not only during the growing
season, but during tbe winter, and
especially in early spring when
vegetation is due to make large da
mauds upon it. Tbis can ouly be
doneby increasing and improving the
water holding capacity of the soil,
or by later aud earlier irrigations.
An article on -When to Irrigate"
will follow shortly.—R. H. Helmer,
Summerland Experimental Station.
ere an
Renfrew, Ont.—Mr. Ritchie, the
station agent of the Canadian Pacific Railway, has received instructions from headquarters to rigidly
enforce the no trespassing ordor on
the property of this company. This
is particularly in reference to people walking down the railway track.
When accidents happen it always
entails a trouble to the company and
lately there have bcen complaints
that school children have been using
the railway as a thoroughfare.
Vancouver.—"I have been in lhe
Alps and the Pyrenees, but I have
never seen anything that can compare with Banff," said William Fa-
versham, famous English actor,
when speaking at Hotel Vancouver.
Mr. Favcrshaitl spoke of the wonderful international dog races staged
at thn winter carnival, and said thut
he had on special invilation visited
the great motion picture plant at
• Inveremere, B.C.—An appropriation had been passed for the building
of a depot at Lake Windermere hy
the Canadian Pacific Railway.
Lake Windermere i.s the depot for
the whole of the Lake Windermere
district. It enjoys the distinction of
being the only station on the Lako
Windermere branch between Golden and Fort Steele, which has enjoyed thc benefit of an agent since
December, 1914. A modest little
portable depot, a box car on the
ground, has done duty all these
years but with the proposed opening of the Banff-Windermere road
on the thirtieth of June, it is no
doubt thought that it is time the
old box car took a move.
^ Ottawa.—The Canadian National
Parks. Branch of the Department of
the Intend*' Is commencing the con-
structitoi (tf'i.'hy-dsto-tlectric generating station in Cascade creek in
Banff National Park to supply light
and power for the town of Banff,
Alberta. The dam at the outlet of
Lake Minnewanka constructed in
1912 to provide Storage facilities,
will be utilized, and will ensure a
steady flow of water for power purposes without further impairing the
scenic attractions of th* locality.
Electric power for Banff Is at present obtained from tht steam plan*
of the Bankhead Mines. The work
will bc undertaken by day labor.
Minister of Agriculture
Says Farmers Are Not
in Cooperative Business
to Greate a Monoply
But to Control Commodity
that we have built pn the very priu
eiples tbat are now being laid before
tbe farmers.
"We bad duriug the seBBion heard
. msiderable about the heavy overhead expenses, but when we considered tbe magnitude of our business,
witb a turnover of several millions
selling a low-priced article, the ss*
sociation's retail plant was operated
more economically and at a lower
cost than any ot.ier dairy in Canada
today. Moreover, to prove that our
operating expenses had not increased
W. J. Park, our secretary, had that
day quoted tbere was actually a net
saving of 6. tic per gallon in the operating expenses from 1917 to 1922.
This, I think, proves tbat we established ourselves on a sound aud
solid basis.
'Wo are not in business, and
never bave been, to create a monopoly, as has beeu stated, but our
object is to control the commodity,
wbich snch experts as A. Sapiro
and Boyd Oliver claim iB au absolute essential for successful cooperative marketing."
Concluding, Mr. Barrow said: "'If
you can not afford to cooperate you
can not afford to farm."
Iu a speech to the members of the
Fraser Valley Milk Producers' u.wr,
ciation at the annual meeting in
Chilliwack, Hon. E D. Barrow, in
prefacing his remarks, preferred
that tbese sbould not be regarded
in bis official capacity as a member
of tbe government, but should be
accepted aB coming from it fellow
member and milk producer of tbe
Speaking of some thirty years'en
deavor  on  his  part, the ouly tnaM
terial thing he bad gained was  represented on his farm in Chilliwack.
'•Farmers have been represented
as a class of men  that never   combine. Tbis, to some extent,has been
a fact, but tbe F. V. M. P.   association, however,   has been operating
on a successful cooperative basis for
over six years," he said.   "It  was a
strange coincidence tbat  wheu   the
fruit   farmers,   botb  tree and berry
growers, as well as poultrymen,were
combining to market their products
cooperatively, and in order lo do so
successfully had obtained the advice
and assistance of noted exports from
across the  liue, tbe association  in
turn had received u request from the
neighboring state to send    ur presi
dent.  J.   W. Berry, to assist   the
dairymen there in au endeavor to
form an association ou cooperative
lines the same as our own.   This be
regarded us an unique   compliment
coming from a people  wbo bad   so
far successfully   demonstrated tbe
advantages to   both  producer   aud
consumer in cooperation, as in  tbe
case of tbe California fruit  growers.
"We did uot have the advantage
of having experts to assist us   when
formidg   our association, but,   not*-
withstanding this handicap, we have
grown from a bandfui of  members
to our present strength of over 1800
dairy farmers, representing DU   per
cent of  the   farmers of tbe Fraser
valley and lower maiuland, involving more invested capital tban   any
othei branch of farming, and welded
into an organization which I believe
is tbe only successful combination
of its kind in Canada, and probably
The BhjCompanyServing
the Boundary Intends
to Increase Its Facilities
at Bonnington
Boy Scout News
First Grand Forks Troop
Boy Scouts
Duties—March 24 to 30, Bull Dog
patrol; next forduty, Wolf.
Parades—Rehearsal, Saturday, '24,
at 2 p.m.; usual weekl parade ou Friday, 30th, at 7!30 p.m. (lecture by
Mr. Freeland).
Notices—In future the subscription
to the First Grand Forks Troop,when
paid in advance, will bo 15a por
month or 81.50 por year. If not paid
iu advance the subscription will be
as qefore—5c per week.
Second class Scuuts who intend to
undortake the "first class journey"
test during the Easter holidays, must
bring a written sanction to tho .Scoutmaster. Tho test includes u inomor-
i/.etl message as well as a short written
report in proof of thoir powors of ob»
servation. "
Tc Holders of the Naturalist Badge
—To comp'.oto the test in accordance
with the official book on tests (1922
edition), you are expoctod to report
to the Scoutmaster in your own words
tho result of ono month's observations of pond lifo. The Scoutmaster
will receive such repnrts in May.
Promotions—The following have
passed tho necessary tests aud ars
promoted to be socoud class Scouts:
K. Campbell, dated February 16th;
H. lieid aud F. Gordon, dated
March 16th.
The West Koorenay Power com
pany has mado application to the department of lands to double the capacity of its main power plant at
Bonnington Falls, on tho Kooteuay
river, accordinji; to a dspatch from
Victoria. As sucb an extension would
mean the raising of Kooteuay lake
and would seriously interfere with
the reclamation of Kootenay Hals, no
deoision has yet been come to in the
matters. Tho engineers of tho department will gather full data, which will
lie laid before Hon. T. D. Pattullo
before a definite answer is given to
the power company.
At the piesent time the oompany
develops about 30,000 horsepower at
the main plant. It is planned to bring
the produotion up to G0,0n0 horsepower at this point. At Grand Forks
the Cascade plant develops 1500
horse powor.
Thc demand for industrial power is
steadily increasing. Negotiations are
now under way whereby the Granby
Consolidated Mining, Smelting aud
Power company will take 500 horses,
power for use in running the former
Canada Coppor Corporation plant at
Copper mouutaiu.
Foreclosure Prior to
Transfer of Property
Preparatory to transferring a lai j*e
tract of copper ore property at Copper mountain to the Granby Conn
solidatod Mining, Smelling & Power
company, foreclosure proceedings
havo beon instituted in the supremo
court hero with a viow of cloaring
thc titles, says a dispatch from Vancouver.
The plaintiff is the Equitabic Trust
company of Now York, which is foreclosing on a trust deed, given November 1, 1917, to secure a $2,500,-
000 bond issue by tho Canada Copper Corporation, Limited.
Messrs. Lucius VV. Mayor, Allen
H. Rogers, Casimer I. Stialem, Newman Erb, Esdras L. Gruver, Arthur
I. Roiiaghan and II. R, Van Wege-
non are joiued as co-defendants with
the Copper corporation.
Don't Let Children
Play With Cats
R, L. I). Dituiars, curator of the
New York zoo, issues a warning to
mothers not to let tbeir babies play
with cats, wbicb, he says, cause tbe
death of thousands of children by
infecting tbem with the gorms of
scarlet fever, diphtheria and other
dangerous diseases.
Mr. Ditmars says cats are the
ouly animal tbat tbe normal heillby
baby fears. Babies will 'ook at lions
aud even great snakes without fear,
but a cat frightens tbem and kittens
terrify them.
He explains that this may be
from one of two causes: it may be
hereditary, going back to tbe early
day wben small cat-like auima's attacked babies in tree«tops, or i
may be instinctive knowleUge of
the cat's unhealthy presence.
The following is thc minimum
and maximum temperature for each
day during tbe past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on E. F. I saw's rauch:
16—Friday    16
17—Saturday  53
18- Sunday  46
19—Monday  59
20—Tuesday  52
21—Wednesday.. 48
22- Thursday  52
Uaiufall 03
Every tenth man in
United States dies of an
One goes on staying up late
at    night   until   the   saving
the whole American continent.today \ question     propounds     itself,
It iB particularly gratifying to find What for?
Probably a  slow-thinking
deliberate  man   hales  "pep
In the bee's legs are pockets for holding pollen, each
pocket being closed by rows
of bjistles which interlock in
the most wonderful manner,
so preventing the pollen from
falling out. • THE   SUN,   GBAND   FOHEB,   1. C.
5th? (grwtf. Jfarku §mt
drank only eightehn million barrels. It is not
yet certain, however, whether the British
workingman is actually growing more temperate or whether business depression and unemployment are responsible for the decrease.
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) $1.00
One Year (in the United States)   1.50
Addresr *-*' :cations to
..Thi* Grand Fork? Sun
Phone 101R Grand Porks, B. CJ
FIUDAY, MARCH 23, 1923
Notes, Notions and Notables
During the pu-st few years the  business of
canaiug aud  evaporating fruits   has   made
great strides in Canada.    We have  not  yet
reached   the  p)int   arrived at  in California,
where 80 per cent of the fruit  output,  apart
from citrus fruits, is auv\. 1 or preserved, but
we  have  brought  the business so far to the
front that it has become an industry of great
importance. As C. S. McGillivray, chief caning inspector of the Dominion department of
agaicultiire, says, that Canadian canners have
packed sufficient high grade fruits  to demonstrate that the highest quality can be packed
in Jthis country—if,  he pointedly adds, the
canner can get the right kind of raw material.
There is the point.  The canner can help the
fruit grower to a large and profitable market,
but in order that he may do so, he must be
provided, not  with  culls or frui t of inferior
quality, but with the best that can be grown.
If fruit growing is to be a profitable occupa-
tiou.the development of canning and dehydration or drying is a prime necessity, for in  the
■short season during which the product of the
trees and bushes can be marketed in a fresh
state, it is at times impracticable  to dispose
remuneratively of the entire crop.   Thus  the
canner provides a relief service for the grower
,ind a  wholesome food all the year rouud for
i he consumer, Involved in tins matter is   not
I lone the preservation of the domestic mar-
K3t, but also the question of developing an ex-
tj)rt trade. This is possible only   by  furnishing standardized products from the highest
yvades of fruit.    Turning to the dried and
evaporated fruit industry, it is gratifying to
k iow that, with the government's encourage-
ui >nt and aid, the standard of Canadian evaporated apples in particular has been raised to
an equality with the best  in  Lhe   world.    A
proof of this is supplied by the fact that when
Great Britain during the war called for 1,500,-
000 pounds of evaporated apples from America, Casiada was in a position to secure close
upon three-fourths of the order,  or 1,120,000
Paris dispatches tell us that the council of
the League of Nations, to which the dispute
between Poland »and Lithuania over Vilna
was referred, is still temporizing with the
question. Its latest attempt to deal with a
subordinate phase of the affair was enlivened
by tin? threat of the Lithuanian delegate that
his conutry would forcibly oppose the carrying out of the league's decision. There was
some excited language in consequence,but the
Lithuanian delegate was in the end rather
overawed by ttje menace of an economic boycott that the league officials mentioned as the
penalty of resistance to the order of the council. The qnestiou of Vilna itself seems no
nearer than ever of being finally disposed of.
In Austria the league has done better. There
the financial arrangements that the eouncil
of the league proposed have checked the fall
of the crown aud pretty well stabilized it for
four months. The plan of the league includes
issuing a new kind of bond, based on a first
mortgage on the Austrian customs and railway receipts and guaranteed in different percentages by many of the European governments. A commissioner for Austria has been
appointed, a clever and businesslike Dutchman, who is working out with the help ofthe
bond loan a plan for balancing the budget and
putting the currency on a trustworthy basis.
Already 25,000 government employees have
been dischaaged; 50,000 more are to go this
year. For the present there is as much unemployment and hardship as ever, but the
foundations are laid for a return of business
confidence and government solvency.
THE STRAIN of modern civil-
ized life falls heaviest upon
the eye, the hardest worked and
most neglected of all the human
organs. The constant need of
close range vision; the continual
exposure to the glare reflected
from pavement and buildings or
from high-powered eleeetric
lights, all expose the eye to terrific strain. Many suffer from
eye-strain without heing conscious of it. Have your eyes ex •
auiined and know. We aro admirably equipped for this work.
Jeweller and Optician
Bridge Street Grand Fork*
.Summer was once the season of sicknesss,
in comparison with which winter was health •
ful; but of late years June, July and August
have been among the most healthful months,
and the great flood of sickness has come in
midwinter. A great deal of it begins with a
!'common cold," which most persons regard
too lightly; they do not realize the danger to
themselves or the likelihood of their passing
the infection on to thers.
E. G. Henniger Co.
Grain, Hay
Flour and Feed
Lime and .Salt
Cement and Plaster
Poultry Supplies
Grand Forks, B. C.
Established 1910
Real Estate and Insurance |
Reildent Agent Qrisiid Forks Townsite
Company, Limited
.Since London has been "listen ng in" to
A nerican radio concerts other instances of
receiving from distant points are becoming
known. Three stations in the Hawaiian Is*
la ids can hear music and speech broadcast
fr*m Troy, New York, a distance of fifty-five
h ind red miles. The station at Troy carried on
a conversation with Calgary, Alberta, for more
t lan sixty minutes. Those two stations are a
little less than two thousand miles apart, but
tie difficulties of conversation over land are
such that the feat is not at all common and
probably will not be usual for some time tb
An English chaplain at Athena, writing in
the Loudou Times, says that of the refugees
from Asia Minor the Armenians show the
greatest aptitude for self help. "Just outside
Athens is a village of Armenian refugees, who
turned to and made mud bricks in the autumn
sun while others sat and said, 'Our hope is in
heaven and iu you.' As a result those people
now have houses, a school of their own building, a well of their own sinking, even a mayor
of their own electing."
Where Rank Was Not Recognized
In the old days of amity between the British and the German empire, says the Argo
naut, a number of Teutonic princelings were
trained as midshipmen in the royal navy. The
king of Prussia, wishing to communicate with
his relative, Prince von Leiningen, who was
among them, instructed his ambassador, who
was visiting Portsmouth, to call on the young
man. The ambassador according donned his
court regalia and was pulled off to the ship.
Arriving on board he introduced himself to
the midshipman at the gangway and an
nounced that he desired an audience with His
Serene Highness Ernest Leopold Victor
Charles Auguste Joseph Emich, Prince von
The midshipman was momentarily dazed;
then he understood and, going over to the
open gunroom skylight, called ont:
"Hi, Sausage, you great fat slug! Here's a
bloke in a gold waistcoat wants to see you."
Farms    ^Orchards*     City Property
Agenta at Nelioii, Calirary, Wlhulpvit aud
other Prairie points. Vanoouver Agents:
Kitabllshed In WW. wo are In a position to I
furnish reliable information eouoerntug this I
Write tor ffj) lltirttars
Transfer Company |
City Baggage and General
City  Real Estate For
Applications ior immediate purchase of Cots
and Acreage owned by the City, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Prices:—From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Terms i—Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may be seen at the
City Office.
City Clerk.
Cooking Heating
Wood Coal
-Electric Gasoline
Complete Home Furnishers
Wood and
for Sale
Long distance telephone service will contact you with any desired City within
hundreds of miles. This fact of getting
into personal touch with the distant
party is worthy of your serious consideration. Your own telephone is a hub from
which, at will, you may radiate business
both incoming and outgoing to number-
less^distant areas.
Call "Rate Clerk'' for information desired on charges to distant points.
Your telephone entitles you to a courteous, efficient service by carefully trained
operators, and it is our pleasure to provide you with the many benefits of the
Tell The People
What   You   Have
to Sell
Office at R. F. Petrie'. Store
Phone 64
The sugar content of maple sap varies a
good deal according to seasons; it is higher
following a year of luxuriant foliage. It is
usually about three per cent; that is, it takes
thirty-two gallons of sap to make ono gallon
of syrup.
In  1018  the" English  people  drank about
thirty six million barrels of beer. In 1922 they
cAncient History*
Heme Taken From Tbe Orand Porks Sun for tbs Corresponding
"Wesk Twenty Years AfO
Addison & Knapp have finished the Kettle Valley passenger dupot in the Ruckle addition, and the headquarters of that road have been moved from Winnipeg avenue
to the now building.
Yesterday morning Roy Curran, an oiler, was seriously
injured at the Granby smelter while endeavoring to slip
on n belt.    His arm was broken in fout places.
L. P. Eckstein, barrister, etc., late solicitor for the
Kettle Valley lines, with headquarters, at Republic, has
opened an office in the Morrison block in this city.
U. VV. Trotter tendered his resignation as alderman at
an adjourn d meeting of the city couhcil Friday evening.
Winter still lingers in the lap of summer. Spring has
been ruled out of tho race.
The new manse of Knox Presbyterian chnrch was
opened last night. Over one hundred members and
friends of the congregation were present.
J. J. Mcintosh left yesterday afternoon for the Bast
Kootenay country, where lie goes to inspect some coal
lands in which local parties are interested.
The Qreat Northern railway will put in an interlocking
crossing at the Kettle Valley jnnction.
Beal Estate and Insurance
Dominion Monumental Works
Asbestos Products Co. Roofing
BsoeUsiit facilities lot ••Ulnar your farms
We hare ageuti at all ("toast and Prnlrle
Points •»
Reliable loforiniitlon rojrardlnif thli dUtrot
olseerfuUr furnished. We aolloit Jour inquiries.
Wholesale and Retail
Dealer in
Havana Cigars, Pipes
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Gtand Forks, B. C
Furniture Made to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kinds.
Upholstering Neatly   Don
r. g. McCutcheon
wiaauia avuoi
Check Books
We have secured the
agency for Grand
Forks of a large
Western Publishing
House which manufactures _& superior
grade of Counter
Check Books—carbon back and carbon
leaf stvles.
Prices Are Right
Encourage Western
enterprises and keep
Western money in
the West.
Any Quantity
from 100 up to 2500
The Sun
Job Department 4
THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   1. C.
ii tt il tt tt tt ti tt tt tt ib tt it tt ti tt ti *t ti tt tt tt it ti it tt it tt ii tt tt tt
Some Features
Quality—as high as it
is uniform.
Service — known for its
all - the - year - round
If one Better -None as Good    Pray-so low even the
buyer is surprised.
it tt tt tt tl tt tl tf H tt it tt it tt ll tt it tl H tt tt tt tt tt ft ft tl tt tt tt  tl  tt
■■■■■■■■■■■■■■sMsMMMBWWa^-.y'llUlt ■.'■■■I   ■ —
(1) Winning team of Quebec Dog Derby.—(2) Spectators at the course.—(3) Jean Lebell, the winner, receives
the prize from Mayor Samson.
*T*IIK racing of dog teams in sleighs
is probably not'an ancient form
of sport, and more probably still, ii
is a sport that came first into bring
in our own country. It is pretty sure
that prehistoric man bad his friendly
rings lo belp bim run down his game
anrl warn bim of lhe approach of
uu uiies antl perhaps served some
small purpose as a beast of burden.
Modern days bave seen dogs hauling
earls through the streels of European towns and when the white man
firs! eame lo Canada lhe Indians of
tin- plains harnessed hint as they did
tbrii horses lo a couple of poles on
whieh were placrd articles tliey wish
ed to convey from one camp lo an
otber. fn the Arctic Ibe sleigh was
thc natural form of vehicle and Ihe
development of the "llusbie" from
the wolf was the natural form of cvo
lulion. The dog performed a great
work in the opening up of the Norih
to civilization. Travel and trade depended entirely upon bim and he did
his work well. Tbe natural instinct
of tbe wbile man towards sport could
only result in tbe development of
dog team racing and the interest in
the sport has spread until no winter
carnival in Canada or thc Northern
States is complete without ;it least
one dog race.
The Eastern International Dog
Derby held in thc ancient city of
Quebec recently was a curious instance of the fascination tbis spoil
has for aU kinds and conditions of
men. Never sincr the days of (he
war were there, gathered on the
streets of that city such, crowds as
were there to see the dogs start aud
finish, and the dramatic incidents of
the raee were followed by ■ crowds
around the bulletin boards of the cil*
aa reports came in by telephone from
various points along the route of iln
race. .. The race was run iu three
heats, the distance averaging -1.1 miles
on each day which was by uo means
i hard day's Work lor thc dogs. The
lolal distance iuu was 131 miles and
thc running time taken by the winning team was 15.50 hours. The
race was won by lean Lebell and his
I've dogs, .i leant belonging to the
Drown Corporation of Quebec, and
one lhat earns ils livelihood hy carrying mails and supplies into the companies  norlbern  camps
Thai is lhe bare slory of the race,
easily enough told, but it is not so
casj to (ell of Ibe tremendous inter-
b'SJ taken iu lhe race by the people of
Quebec and ibe hundreds of visitors
•a ho had come from all over Canada
md the I'niied Slates to witness it.
The Grand'' Alice, Quebec's show
■•licet, Was every day lined with
iliousands ol people to see lhe dogs
larl and finish, and if half thc pro
iiiiscs made are lived up to, another
tear will see hundreds of dog leant*
'uiicil anil trained by Quebec's citi-
i ns, purely foi the love of the game.
Jean Lebell, ihe winner, had undoubtedly lbe heal icam fot that kind
if a race, Only one term could ex-
ictly describe Ihem they were mongrels, and there's much to be said
for lhe mongrel if lhe breeds that
make up hi- varied parentage are of
lbe right son. lean Lcbell's dogs
■ere largely. Great Danes, but here
uld there, there seemed In be a
much of the hound or even of thc
:reybound in Ihem, and that may account for'their speed The one Unil-
id Slates entry iu lbe rare was a
magnificent team nf huskies lhal
owned Labrador a- iheir original
home, Thev wire beautiful dogs,
hut they were not iu good shape, or
perhaps the. slory of thc race might
have  heen   different.
On each oue of the three racing
days lbe dogs came from the tables
fresh antl eager lor the run. Tbey set
out on the course al ten minute interval-, and as each learn shot away
from Iln- starting point it was given
i sp!u:Jid send-off. $ The finishes
were much more exciting, and that of
ere an
iji.id production in Canada in 1922
passed the million ounce marl* for
the first time since 1902.
Public works to he undertaken in
Vamouver this year will cost In the
neighborhood of $1(1,000,000, of which
$.''1000,i'0U will be spent by the Canadian Pacific Railway on pier construction.
Tho Canadian Paeiflc steamship
Montcalm carried 900 emigrants for
Canada on her last voyase from Liverpool, Ilie largest number of cmi-
granta to have lhat port this year.
Work wait commenced last week on
tli.- new elevator at the Ballantyne
jner, Vancouver, which will oat approximately *2,0OO,0OO to complete.
The new elevator will have a storage capacity of 1,500 000 bushels.
Throe thousand seven hundred licensed grain elevators in Manitoba,
Saskatchewan, and Alberta hare a
total storage capacity of over 100,-
'00,1100 bushels. Ontario, Quebec
and .Maritime provinces have storage
elevators with capacity up to 33,180,-
000 bushels.
The first lodge of Free and Accept- .
ed .Masons in I lio history of the Mer- |
chanl Marine World, was recently
' i' anized on the Canadian Pacific
liner Empress of Prance, when -villain;; the Mediterranean Sea with a
party of son Canadian and United |
Slates tourists.
Pour thousand seven hundred and
eighty-tour ears of last season's fruit
nop have  bcen shipped out of the |
Oknnagan district or British Columhia up to February 14th, according to I
a slnlement  marie to tbe Vancouver |
Board  of Trade  recently by P. W.
Peters, general snperin,, nrient ofthe I
Canadian Pacific Railway, B.C. dlvl- |
Sanlt Ste. Marie.—Thi new ijo**m-
lown li ke' and telegraph office of I
the Canadian Pacific Railway and the |
Dominion Express Com*ianj* at the
corner nl Qneei and MeU.-iugall
■■ re i. in iln- ii iltding forinerly
O'vuplcd hi the Public lib iih .- i"sim-
i '■-,»,..   is oue oi  iiif rid''•' in the
.'luce. There are .- uue iarser l
ol.ires in the 'ar.'-er c'tles, but none |
tl al  are  better equipped.
Herald Rindal. divisional engineer
for the Canadian Pacific Railway,
who has heen localed at Vancouver
for the past thirteen years, and P.
W. Alexander, divisional engineer for
A Iberia at Calgary, have exchanged
posts, It being Ihe company's policy
t , develop its engine ts hy giving
Ih in experience with tbe varying
conditions in different parts of the
A   number   of    western   interests I
have  combined  and    chattered    the
Caiiad;an   Pacific 'steamship   Preto-
rian.  and  the vessel  will  sail   from
Montreal   on   August   1st   for    Fort
Churchill, for the purpose of proving
to the satisfaction of the interested
parties whether or not conditions of
navigation to and from Hudson's Bay
can   be   made a commercial success. |
r.f tv, eon three and four hundred pns
sengers fioni the west will make the |
the last day was particularly so. On
the first two days Lebell had finished
first, although others of the cighl
competing teams bad started ahead
of him. On the final heat he slatted
last, and would have finished first
but  for an  unfortunate accident.
Another Brown Corporation team,
driven by Jim Skecne was tbe first
to appear. It had started second, but
passed the first early in thc race.
aud Lebell folowed about one minute
behind. All through the series Lebell had saved his dogs by taking
them out of the harness alternately
and giving them a rest in lhe sleigh.
He had made a bet that he would for
the third time be the first in Ihe
stable. When about four miles from
the finish and going strong one of his
dogs suffered a cut foot. There was
hard going ahead if that bet was to
be won, but Lebell never flinched.
The dog came out of the harness, bis
foot was hound up and, wrapped in
Lebell'l coal, he finished the rest of
the journey in the.sleigh, and if ever
a dog looked ashamed of himself as
his comrades pulled to victory, that
dog was the one. While Skeenc
beat Lebell to the finishing post,
Lebell managed to get into the stable
first, and so won his het
Lebell is a French-Canadian with
a fine war record. He and his dogs
are inseparable ehtints, and when it
comes lo endurance, the man is about
as good as thc dogs. He finished
lhe race running beside his team and
doing a good share of the pulling
on the sleigh. Ifc is to-day the hero
of Quebec and the $1,000 prize and
silver cup, which he won, is but a
small part of the glory that fell to
Another international dog race is
practically assured for Quebec next
year. Thc Chateau Frontenac for
ihis occasion housed a brilliant gathering of guests who were interested
in the raee, and some of these have
announced that they will see > that
the United States is well repicsente*
J, ?. Brown, pres'ripnt of  the Brown
Fruit Company of Edmonton. Alta .
returned on the Metagama last week |
from a three months' visit to Europe.
He was present in Germany when the I
French invaded the Ruhr, and he said
tbat Ihe feeling was very hitter between the twn races.     On the other]
band, a Canadian, American or Britisher was given a cordial welcome; I
this being largely due to a speech In |
whicb    Lloyd   George    advocated
compromise.   Travel in Germany,' he [
said, wns surprisingly che.np. he bavlng made one trip of nearly 100 miles
for the sum or fifty cents in Canadian [
currency. '
The Value of
Orcnard Spraying
Spraying is atill too generally regarded as an operation tbat may frequently be dispensed witb. But before ao deciding it will be as well to
remember tbat tbe orchards having nO troubles are getting fewer
every  year.   Tbe   maxim,  "(Spray
only if you have anything to spray
for," is no longer a safe one. It ia
repeatedly the case that a perfectly
clean orchard one year suffers from
bad infections of various troubles,
botb insect and fungus, the next
spring. Production must be saleable
production, not that of low grade,
diseased or wormstung fruit.
By no   spraying it is  possible to
save approximately  $21   per   acre;
When the Canadian Pacific steamship Metagama, which lefl St. John's
nn March first for Glasgow, reaches
her destination, Cantaln G. B. Evans.
O.I!.!'... her commander, will have
completed his last voyage in command of Ihe ve-'scl. Captain Eians.
who Is the oldest and one or lhe most
hlehjy esteemed commanders In the
service if the Canadi.m Pacific
Sleairjshlos, Limited, is re'ii'iv: after
a career at sea of IS years, daring
which time he crossed Ihe Atlantic In
command 578 limes, and conveyed
. 17.r)2n pas«en«ers, of nTom 71 ooo
wero Canadian and American troops
He was in command of tbe Mis ana
Ide when this ship wits sunk hy the
Germans 'n 101K. and lie will he remembered try many pas'engi rs as thi*
captain of the Mljipedoss Hv- Montcalm or the Empress of Scotland.
Five dollars worth of iron uiatlv into
liorsi-shoi's h.iil a market value of ten
dollars. Converted Into needles that
live dollars worth of iron becomes
worth six thousand eight hundred dollar*, but when made into hairsprings
for watches it i* worth two million
We may all be compared with that
original live dollars wurlh of iron—■
what we make of ourselves—-how
valuable we become--depends upou
Most of us are content to be in the
horseshoe class. A few reach the rank
of noiedl^s, but How rare >■» the m>H>
wln«> eati **** «,.lns«i<>. I .*■«.• ,t hairspring**"
ttie man who makes the most oi every
talent he was born with—who not
merely takes advantage of every opportunity but, Napoleon like, creates
One step won't take very far,
You've got to keep on walking;
One word won't tell folks who you are,
You've got to keep on talking;
One inch won't make you very tall,
You've got to keep on growing;
One little ad. won't do it all,
You've got to keep them going.
ltrown started out without a cent*
lie's rich now aud still rising;
Some say 'twas  luck; some say 'twas
HE says 'twas advertising.
Precious' Secrets Revealed
but can not a less doubtful economy
be effected in some other direction!
Acie cost of production might be
reduced ou orchard land by seeding
early tn a vetch eover crop, shading
the land during the early season.
During an acute water shortage one
good discing will keep the land in
good condition during the rest of
the season. This wili greatly aeduce
the number of cultivations), und out)
of the best substitutes for barnyard
manure will be added, lf the vetch
is allowed to seed the land again,
work for irrigation as soon as disced;
this prevents tbe stand of vetch from
being partly covered later wben furrows are plotiged.
Kvery effort should  be  made   to
maintain   the productive  state   of
our orchards,   and   the   value  of
sprasibg Bhould be carefully cousid
ered before deciding to quit it.
The revised spray calendar wil
soon be ready, and growers are
strongly advised ^to atudy it. By
iollowing it, culls should be reduced
.to a minimum; and this will lead to
greater consumption and more satisfactory prices. — R. H. Helmer,
Summerland Experimental 'Station.
Society uncovers  a   multitude of feminine shoulders.
Wonderful llimk toll* how to illiin l.isiiiiivilv mill I'risipcrily
.■ml toonmiru DomoiUu llii|i|>iiic<«s untl l.ilVliinii llliss, mul Healthy
No moro groping -no more Imping I Mystery and conjecture
uli'inijocJ to liglil iw I truth -Pant bhaot'ies brought^o hatight. Genuine
kifowledgn relating tu bhe Liw of produotiou ami determination of sex,
so long liiddeu trim mankind, lias ut last Imun utieurtlied, uud is now
pours to utilise jor your own liunolit.
"Science of Life"
Swr«tN of Hindu Si'x-I'liysiolog.v.
Tho result nt loutt re*
scared null much labour
delvlng Into ancient Sun*
skrit Writings, the snored
teachings of Hindu KUliiH,
whose devotion lo philosophy Imbued them with
divine knowledge, which re*
venlod to thmn the Sole rife
of Life und M>'stories ofSex.
most remarkable
if    our    lime.     A
hook f
ii thosfl who want
to    kt
o\v    ui h|   should
An iiifiiihihnf-'uldo
for tho
niiirriod am) thoie
to marry.
Slue TU1' x .V\    J;-Jn puife*
over &o Illustrations,   (ion*
mm*, original Sanskrit texts
with  lucid,  easily
staiiudhi':   Kii-flitdi   render -
Ings, toT-ttli* r with highly
in e rest Ing chapters mi the
Ancient Hindu Sefuuees of
PiilmiHtry and PhyslogllO'
With this little book disappointments in Love become things ofthe
1st Edition  sold  within a month.   2ud   Edition—50,000  copies,
just out.  li'jok your orders to dnif with remittance to avoid   disappoint
ment, aq the demand is vory great*
PRlfcKi—Each book Nicely bound, 72o.   Three Copies 8*2,   Si?
Copies $3.84,  Twelve Copies -87.01. post IJVoe.
The. Mystic Charm Co.
Hindu Snut'Btf Pulilj-. Dept.
I'-'.'{ I.isws-r ('ircislin ItiB.iil, ( 'tilesit I u, Imli.i THE   SUN,   URAND   FORKS.   1.0.
Cooperative Growers of British
Columbia, Limited, Vernon, capital*
izaiion $10,000, was incorporated
last week, according to the British
Columbia Gazette.
R. Campbell has had a radio receiving apparatus installed at his
City Paragraphs
William Powers, aged 65 years
who was brought to the Grand Forks
hospital from (Ireenwood on Monday
afternoon, died on Tuesday afternoon Deceased was a married man,
and his family live somewhere in the
States, but theit whereabouts has not
been ascertained. The funeral was
held from Miller : Gardner's undertaking parlors this afternoon, interment being made in Evergreen cemetery.
A sitting of the county oourt wa a
held in the court hiuie on Touraday
and Pridny last. In the cas.' of Lu«
eas vs. Woodward, being a claim for
sicks furnished the defendant, judg»
ment was reserved. Frank Coryell had
an action against the Bertha Consolidated Gold Mining company for
&U0J0, olaimed to bo due him for
poles aud poits. Ju lgtnent in this
case was also reserved.
Joseph F. Brown, of Curlew, who
has been a patient in tne Grand
Forks h.ispital for four weeks, died
on Sunday morning. He was 57
years of ago, and is survived by two
daughters and one sou. The funeral
was held from Cooper's undertakiug
parlors on Monday afteanoon, interment being made io Evergreen cemen
Cooperative Growers' Packing
Houses, Limited, with headquarters
at Vernon, was incorporated last
week with a capitalization of fl,•
N. D. MoIntOBh left on Saturday
for his ranch in Alberta.
Many of the "conveniences
of travel" do little else but litter up the traveling bag.
Winnipeg, — In connect'on with
movement of grain to Vancouver
from September 1, 1922, up to and
Including February 21st, thc Canadian Pacific Railway has delivered
at Vancouver a total of 6.768 cars of
grain representing 9.894,816 bushels.
During the same period there has
boon exported from Vancouver to the
Orient 1,284,560 bushels and to tlie
United Kingdom 10,093,620 bushels,
or a total of 11,378,170 bushels.
During the same period last year,
the C'anailian Pacific Railway delivered at Vancouver a total of 3,461,-
962 bushels of gra'n, and there was
exported from Vancouver dur'ng the
same period last yoar 3,200 000 bushels, 1,220 fOO of whieh were exported to the Orient and 2.080,000 to the
United  Kingdom.
In addition to this grain. Which
has already heen exported from Vancouver so far this season, there is In
store In elevator at that point 942.-
823 bushels, according to a statement
of E. D. Cotterell, Supt. Transportation. Western Lines.
City Grocery"
Marmalade Oranges
At Just the Right Price
Phone 25        H. H. Henderson, Prop.
pool    The hoxes have been offered at
prices as followB:   Cox's Orange Pippin , 16s to Itis; Newton,   18s;   Mcintosh Red, 12s 6d; Jonathan lis 6d
to 12s dl; Winesap, 16s  8d;  baskets
of any variety, 5s 6d. Delivery
charges in London are Is 5d per box,
two boxes for ls lOd, and 5 box lots
delivered free. The experiment will
be watched with interest.
An intoiesting departure has been
noted on the part of a London Arm,
which is trying the experiment of
offering British Columbia apples in
boxes and alse repacked in 12-pound
baskets direct to the consumea at a
minimum margin of profit, deliveries
being made from  London or Liver*
Canadian   Blind   Babies9  Home
Nursery, Hospital and Kindergarten
Dominion Charter,   Without Stock  Subscription.
DIRECTORS—Hon. Martin Burrell, Hun. President; Hon. J. ti. Turriff,
President; A. U. Pimi n oin, Viw-Praiil.vit; ISIvirJ ilraud, Ssorotary.
C. Blaokett R-bia-i-Ji, On*. i>i,*dUi*f; S. ff. tfjKiulo)*, [Vanurer; U.-Cil
Whiton, M.D , R. H, Campbell, Thomas Mulvey, K.C , A. E Provost, VV.
Lyle Reid, A J. Preitaau, Curies H. Pinhey, C. BJ., W.J. Cairns, and Tom
TRUSTEES-C. H. Pinhey, CE, TIw.om Mulvey, K.C, A. J. Freimau.
Legal Advisor Bankers Auditor
John I. Mt'Ci-iokoii, K.C    Royal Bank of Cauada.     A. A. Crawley, CA,
The O'jjesti of this Institution, for which Incorporation was recently ob
tained, ar.!; "I'o provide a II i n i and Rifuge for Babyand Infant Blind; to
provide free Soiontifio Care, Training and Maintenance; to *■)ive the Lives of
even a few of the many of .su.'li unfortunates, who, for the lack of such service, perish every year; and to return these little ones to their parents, at
sohool age with normal, healthy bodies and souud minds."
This is a large and graatly needed Child Welfare Service. Careful enquiry
at the Government offices in the various provinces reveals the fact that there
are at the presant time nearly 250 Infant Blind in the Dominion. Nothing
has yet been done for those helpless little ones. In the United States, 16
years ago, the first home was opened in New York City; they have now homes
in 13 States, all doing excellent work. In England, some time ago, Sir Arthur Pearson organized "Sunshine House," Chorley Wood, for Blind Babies,
and he claims that it is the only one in the British Empire, Let us have the
SECOND in Canada, To reach this worthy end money is urgently required
Fifty Thousand Dollars is the present objective of the Boa-id. While the
Home is to be lo'wted in Ottawa it will take in the Baby Blind from every
province, so that this APPEAL for funds will be Dominion wide, and an
early and generous response is confidently expected. Cheques should be made
payable to the Canadian Blind Babies Home Association. All remittances
will be promptly acknowledged
The Nash fruit interests are closing their in Nelson, according to a
report from that oity, in keeping
vith their promise to close all their
branches in this province to make
Dom for the big provincial o-
operative selling concern. The
'ranch bus operated as the .Staples
I'ruit company, R. R. Staples, the
manager, having been the Liberal
candidate iu West Kootenay in the
: iat Dotninion election.
For Sale—Three milk cows, 3,
I ind 5 years old; will freshen by
lirst of April; good size, good conation, good milkers; perfectly gen
th.    Price 865.00 each.    A.   Callo
rty,   Hardy    Mountain,   Box   181,
:rand Forks, B. C.
Seeds for the West
Elected, Eirly,  Hardy,   Productive
. trietiea for Field,Garden and Lawn
Write for Illustrated Catalogue.
SEED CO. Limited
Call at Donaldson s and
see the best buy in men's
work shoes on the market today.
Also don't forget to look
at the new line of
These are real bargains.
Watch for Mr. Bailey, the
expert tailor, who will be
with us the first week in
onaldson s
Phone 30
Direct   From   the  Producer  to
the Consumer
We Have About 200 Boxes of Choice
That We Will Sell in Bulk
on the Premises at
50 Cents Per Box
or 75c Per Sack
If you are not familiar with the
Valley Jonathan Apple under proper storage conditions, call and be
convinced of their prime condition
This grade of Apples usually retail
at from $3 to $4 per box at this
season of the year
Call at
IT brings the whole country for miles around within easy reach.
Have you seen the uew models? They're as graceful as swallows! As
bright as new coin! As weatherproof as a duck? Automobile Steel
Bearings. Frame of English Seamless Steel Tubing. Hard Maple
Itims. Hercules Brake. Everything complete. Ileal Quality. Real
Value.  Easy Terms. We are tbe people jto mount you right.    '
Open Saturday Eveniii&s Till 10 o'Cloek
"Now between you and me
and tho graphophone—"
"Naw, the graphophone
might talk."
If a man sees both sides
of a question he isn't much
help to you.
TENDERS will be received by the District
-*■ Forester, Nelson, up to noon of lhe 24th
of Maroh, for the purchase of Ford Kuu.
about No. 248484, which may be seen upon
application to Wm. Jones at Rook Oreek.
The tender should be accompanied by
murked cheque for the full purohase prlee.
and ib to be for the oar where It stands. The
highest or auy tender not necessarily ac-
TAKE NO'liCE that Dougald MePhenon. of.
(irand Forki, B. C-, occupation Automobile Dealer, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following deiorlbed
lands: Commencing at A post plauted at the
eait line of Lot No, 0828 and about midway
between the soutb-east corner aud the northeast comer of Bald Lot 2828 In the Similkameen Laud District; thenoe N irth 10 chains;
thenee Enst 80 chains; thence South 40
chains: thence West 80 ohains to the point of
commencement, and containing 320 acres,
more or leu.
Dated March 1st, 1923.
rpAKE NOTICK that Harvey D. Grlswold, of
■*- Cascade, iH. i.'., Miner, intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lauds: Commencing at a post planted
one mile east of the east line of Lot No. 28118,
in the Similkameen Land District: theuce
north 40 chains; tbence ca-*t *li) chains: thenee
south 40chaius; thenoe west 40 chains to thc
point of corameneeuicut aud containing 1-rtO
acres.more or less.
Dated March lit, 1923.
JPllii value oi well-
printed, neat appearing stationery as
a means of getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
Wedding invitations
Bail programs
Business cards
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Colombia Avenue and
lake, Street
THE HUB—Bring your boot
and shoe repairs to my
shop for neat and prompt
work. Look for the big
boot.—GEO.   ARMSON
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty*
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yalk Hotkl, Fhwt Strum.'
^j 'Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
. jMlulniuin price of iirst-elass Luud reduced
to$3 uu aore; second-class to t.,60aa ucre.*
Pre-emption uow confined to surveyed
laud, ouly.
Heaords wili be grouted ooverlng only laud
suitable (or agricultural purposes aud which
in ibuib -limber laild.
Partnership pre-emptions abolished, but
panics, of uot more thuu four may arrange
lor adjacent pre-emptions with join! residence, but eaoh makisig uooessary improvements ou respective claims,
1're-euiptors must occupy claims for live
years nud make improvements to v.ilue of $SU
per aere, including objuring uud cultivation
of ut least u uore<s. beiore reoeiviug Crown
Where pre-emptor iu occupation not less
thau ;l yews, uud has made proportionate
improvement's, ho may, because of Ill-health,
or other cause, bc granted intermediate cer-
lilieate of iiniiruvemout aud transfer his
Records without peruiaueut residence may
bc issued, pruvided upplicaut uiukes improvements to extent oi JStKi per annum ami
records same eaob year. Failure to make improvements or rccoid same will operate as
forfeilure. Title cauuot be obtaiued iu less
thau 5 years, uud improvements of "sHUtl per
acre, ini'ludliiK 5 acres cieured uud cultivated,
aud resldeuo of at Icasi two years are required.
i're-omptor holding Crown grunt muy rtS-
oord another pre-emption, if he requires laud
iu conjunction wilu his farm, tvithout actual
occupation, provided statutory improvements
aud residence maintained ou Crown grauted
UiBsurvssyedureus, not exceeding 11) acres,
may be leased as homesites; title to be outlined ufter fulfilling residential and iui -
pruvemeut conditions.
Fur griixiug and industrial purposes areas
exceeding liiu aores may be issued by oue person or company.
illli, factory or industrial sites on timbe r
laud exoeediug W aeros may be purchased:
oouditious include puyuicut of stuinage.
Nuturul buy meadows inaccessible by existing roads may be purchased conditional upou
eonsiruutioii of a road to them. liebate of
oue-half of cost ol road, not exceeding hall
of purohase price, is utade.
The scope of ihis Act is eularged to lucluge
all deraous joining or serving with His
Majesty's Forces. The time withiu which the
heirs or devisees ul u deceased pre emptor
may apply lor litle uuder this Vet is exleuded
from for one year from the ■ leuth of such
person", as formerly, until oue vear after the
conclusion of the present war. This privilege
Is also made retroactive.
n.N.1.,sWl,'*1*H?g •* ^"-•mptlous nre due or
payable by soldiers on pre-emptions recorded
alter June 26, WW. faxes arereraitied f™
ave yeurs.
I'rov isiou'fai' return of moneys accrue*, due
aud been paid since August 4, lull, ou ac-
ouuut of payments, fees ur tuxes on soldiers'
pre emptious.
-if."^■"l*1 *?',* "groeneuts to purohase town or
city lots held uy members of Allied Forces,
or dependents, acquired direct or indirect,
remitted from cullstmeut to Maroh 81,1M0.
l'rovlsioii made for Issuance of Grown
Brants to Sub-purchasers of Crown Lands,
who failed to complete purohase. involving
forleiture, on fulfillment of conditions of
purchase, interest aud taxes. Where sub-
purchases do riot olaim whole of orignal parcel, purchase prloe due aud taxes may be distributed proportionately over whole area.
Apportions must be made by May 1,1920.
Orasing Act, 1019. for systematic (development of livestock industry provides for graslng districts aud range administration under
Commissioner. Annual erasing permtts
Issued based on numbers ranged; priority for
ostabllebed owners, Stock-owners may form
Associations for range management. Free,
or partially free,perml(s for settlers, campers
or travellers, up to ten head.
I have opened a new harness shop and am prepared
to make harness to order
and do all kinds of repair
work. Shop equipped with
modern machinery. All work
C, A. Crawford
N-mi TalapbMM OIBm


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