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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist May 12, 1922

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 ItPr
GRAND PORKS 1ft;
the center of Orand Forks valley the
premier fruit growing district of
Southern British Columbia. Mining
and lumbering are also important
industries in districts contiguous to
the eity.
•~!frr^~*3 and
Kettle Valley Orchardist
4
1 OO OXJIA paper 0f the citiuens
of the district. It is read by more
people in the city and valley tban any
other paper because it is fearless, reliable, clean, bright and entertaining.
It is always independent but never
neutral.
TWENTY-FIRST YEAR—No 27
GRAND FORKS, B. C, FRIDAY,   MAY 12, 1922
"Tell me what you Know Is true:
I can Sums a* well as you.
$1.00 PER YEAR
SESSION OF THE
Agreement With West
Kootenay Company for
Electricity Practically
Completed
Tbe mayor and all the aldermen
were present at the regulai meeting
of tbe city council on Monday evening.
A bid for lot Iti, block 11, map
22, made by John Bidrile under tax
sale proceedings, wan accepted.
Id response to enquiries sent out
by tbe city cltrk about a month ago
askidgfor information as to whether
or not municipalities taxed CPR.
property, replies were received from
Cranbiook, Fernie, Revelstoke and
Kamloops stating that they did.
Tbe agreement with tbe West
Power & Ligbt company, covering a
1\. rate for electricity, was practically accepted, there being only two
or tbree points on wbich tbe council
desired further light.
Tenders for city team were received from: Orand Forks Transfer
company, $800 per day; City Cart
age company, 17.75 per day. Tbe
contract was awarded to the City
Cartage company.
Tbe usual amount of monthly ac«
counts were ordered paid.
Aid. Sohnitter was authorized to
have the  hydrants flushed aod to
secure some pips for tbe water ser-
■ vice.
Aid. Manly reported tbat tbe
work attendaot upon the civic clean
up day had been completed.
Tbe council made a small grant
for charity purposes.
The question of the provincial
highway through the city .came up
for discussion. Tbe clerk was in
structed to take tbe matter up wilh
tbe department of public works, so
tbat tbe proposed route would be
accepted by the government.
Tbe mayor reported that he and
Aid. Scbnitter bad staked a water
right in -tbe name of tbe city on a
oreek in the vicinity of the city reservoir. He also reported the result
of tbe conference whicb tbe city
officials had with the C.P.R officials
last week.
The amendments to tbe electric
ligbt bylaw were given tbeir third
reading.
A bylaw to regulate motor traffic
was introduced.
compact root system. The more
small roots n tree has, the greater
its chances of surviving the shock
of transplaiitiiig,and Ihe more rapid
will be its growth. A tree with a
large top and few roots will be slow
to establish iinelf and inapt to die.
Pome ronis are bound lo be destroyed in the transplanting process,'
eo that it jg altviys necessary lo
prune about one fifth of lhe bran h
es. Prune equally on all sides to
retain the symme.ry of tbe Iree. All
cuts shonltT be made sharp and
clean. Trim off with a smooth cut
all broken and badly injured roots
Make sure, however, not to eut off
leader of miin stem when  pruning.
When trees are bought from a
nursery they should he immediately
unpacked, "puddled" and "heeled
in" UHt| ready lo be taken tip for
planting. Puddling means dipping
the roots in a mixture of clay and
water about the OoDsisiency of paint.
Heeling in consist** in digging t>
trench sufficiently deep to contain
the rootsjand then covering them in
with a layer of moist dirt until you
are ready to plant tbem in.their
final position.
At no stage sbould, tbe roots of a
tree be allowed to become dry. Tbis
is .>igb!y important. Many trees are
dead before they have been set in
tbe ground for lack of such precau
tion. Make the hole in wbich tbe
tree is to be set considerably wider
and deeper than is necessary to ac
commodate the roots. Before placing the tree the hole should be
partly filled with good garden loam
or the surplus soil wbicb has been
removed and set aside when making
the hole. Do not plant too deep.
Roots need air. Allow the roots to
spread naturally in tbe hole. Do not
bend or crumple tbem up. Be sure
that tbe eartb is well packed and in
contact with tbe roots.
In setting a tree care should be
taken from the very start to see that
the stem is kept perfectly vertical.
Any attempt made to straighten it
after the planting is done is liable
iujure the tree and loosen the soil.
SWARM CONTROL
.TREE PLANTING
In tbe current issue of the Illus
trated Canadian Magazine, published by the Canadian Farestry asso
ciation, there appears a timely article on the seasonable subject "Tree
Planting," specially writtenjby B. R.
Morton, B Sc F., Dominion forestry
branch, Ottawa. Some suggestions
from tbis well known authority
herewith given sbould prove of assistance to intending tree planters in
all parts of Canada.
It is well to remember tbe injunction of Dr. Fernow, lately dean of
the faculty of forestry at Toronlo:
''Transplanting a tree from one site
to another is a surgical operation
during wbicb the patient needs ape
oial attention."
Spring planting sbould begin as
soon as possible after tbe ground is
thawed out and dried sufficiently to
work the soil. It should not beat
tempted after the buds begin to open.
It may be said in general tbat April
and early May represent the proper
time for planting.
Look firat for a tree that  has  a
MERRILL SHUDDERS EVERY TIME HE
THINKS OF IT
All brood is taken from the brood
chamber and placed in a super
above a queen excluder. Tbe brood
chamber is tben filled witb empty
combs and the queen with some of
the bees from the brood combs are
left below in tbe brood chamber.
All queen cells in the super containing tbe raised brood can be destroyed nine days later.
A more effective method is to remove the queen from the colony at
tbe time the first active queen calls
are discovered and to destroy the
cells. Nine days later again examine
the colony and destroy all queen
cells and introduce a young laying
queen.
It is a good plan to keep the
queen's wings clipped, for should a
swarm emerge the queen will be un
able to fly and will fall to tbe ground
wben sbe leaves the bive. Tbe queen
must be found and caged wbile tbe
swarm is in tbe air and the parent
colony moved to a new stand. A
new hive fitted witb drawn combs
or full sheets of foundation is placed
on the vacant stand and the swarm
will return, when the queen can be
released and allowed to run io witb
tbe swarm, tbe supers from the parent hive should be given to the
swarm. All queen cells except one
should be destroyed in the parent
colony to prevent afters warms, or all
cells may be destroyed and a young
laying queen introduced.—C. B.
Gooderharr., Dominion Apiarist.
All free miners' licenfes evpire on
May 31.
The cool roi of swarming is one of
the mod important factors of beekeeping. Swarming is then.tural
method by which bee.- increase; tbis
causes a division of tbe working
force of the colony, which in turn is
a hindrance to tbe best results in
honey production.
The beekeeper's problem at thc
beginning of the honey flow is to
prevent a disvision of the working
force of the colony and at the same
time to maintain tbe storing instinct
of tba bees to tbe utmort degree.
Colonies do not all behave alike
as to swarming. Some colonies make
no attempt lo swarm even if swarm*
ing is general; other colonies will
respond to simple dreventive measures, *hile others will persist in
swarming until tbe storing instinct
is completely subordinated and the
desire to swarm is satisfied.
Colonies may often be prevented
by: Tbe introduction of a young
queen early in the season; giving
pleply of room for maximum brood
production prior to and during the
early part of the main honey flow;
providing plenty of super room for
the storage of honey; giving adequate
shade and veutilation duringjtbe bot
test part of tbe season; raising a few
combs of emerging brood to a super
two or tbree weeks in succession to
relieve congestion of the brood cham
ber at tbe time the main flow com
mences.
Colonies that bave made advanced preparation for swarming*by
having larvae in queed cells often
require more drastic treatment.
In localities where the swarming
season is short the separation of
queen and brood is usually effective.
.business and Travel Less
In 12 Months of 1921
___________ »
Value ai Economical Management at This Time
ie Shown in Big Railway's Increase In Net
Earnings in Face of Decrease in Gross.
TnH5.  fl***! I*   *r**   Canadian
I B-wttc Kattway'i operations
* dnrinf tlit year 1921 will be
sn uao-raaDy Interesting document
to aa Canadians. The annual report
ai tUs Company la always ot interest to view of the fact that, mo/e
truly and more completely than any
•ther report issued, it year by year
••fleets the state of national trade
and industry. Tbe C. P. S. touches
all parts of Canada. Its earnings
at one* raflect ths prosperity or depression that may exist in any part
of tho oountry, and the sum total of
the year's operations as analyzed ln
this report may confidently be accepted as an unerring indication of
how the country hae prospered during the twelve months under review.
At this late date there is no news
in the statement that 1921 was not
a year of uninterrupted progress,
hut it is interesting to review the
period, and in the light of some such
comprehensive report as that of thi
C. P. R. to clearly see in what direction Canada's business affairs are
moving. In this respect the C. P. R.
report for 1921 is.an outstanding
example. In spite of a large decrease in gross earnings, the company Is able to show an increase in
net as the result of rigid economy
throughout its working operations,
and in so doing it has pointed out to
all Canada the shortest road back to
normal trade activity.
During 1921 the company's gross
earnings were $193,021,854 as
against $216,641,849 in 1920, a decrease of $23,619,494, or 10.20 per
cent. This decline followed naturally upon the general business depression resulting in lessened passenger and freight traffic, decreases
in both passenger and freight rates,
and to a partial crop .failure in some
parts of Western Canada.
The Company's sales of agricultural land in the year were 153,304
acres for $2,872,000, or an average
of $18.74 per acre. Included in this
area were 6,686 acres of irrigated
land which brought $55.18 an acre,
So that the average price paid for
tho balance was $17.17. Und sales
reflected a large decrease in acreage, but as Is pointed out by President E. W. Beatty in Ue annual
the adoption of reasonable
tew* designed  to  en
courage the entry into Canada o
immigrants of the right type wouli
result in an improvement in this con
Motion.
In the face of the decline in earn
ings it was necessary to make i
sharp reduction in operating ex
pensee if the sound position of thi
company was to be maintained. Foi
the year these expenses amounte.
to $168,820,114 as compared wit!
$183,488,304 in 1920, the result ol
the decrease being that the net earnings for the year showed sn increasi
of $1,048,696, totalling $34,201,74.
■is against $38,168,044 in the previous year. The year's operating expenses amounted to 82.28 per cent
of the gross earnings and the net tt
17.72 per cent, as compared witl
S4.70 per cent, and 16.30 per cent
respectively in 1921.
How large a part the Oanadiat
Pacific plays in industrial life ma}
be gathered from the fnct that mor<
than half, or 63.84 per cent, of tht
total $158,820,114 working expense!
for the year was paid out in wages,
while one quarter, or 25.02 per cent
was used for the purchase of supplies. The purchase of fuel and supplies for locomotives took anothei
15.61 per cent, and government taxea
consumed 3.49 per cent.
The contraction in the country's
general trade is perhaps more clearly
indicated in the following figures on
passenger and freight traffic. During the year 15,186,081 passengers
were carried by the company, as
against 16,769,555 in 1020. The
average journey was 89.67 miles and
average fare paid was $2.59. In
1920 the average journey -vas 102.46
miles, and the average fare paid
was $2.89. Thus we see that not
only was the number of passengers
smaller in 1921, but eac-ji pas.s-.nger,
on an average, made a shorter tr:p,
and paid less in fare.
The total tonnage of all classes of
freight, multiplied by the number of
miles it travelled, was 12,124,675,679
tons, as against 15,687,014,791 in
1920,. a decrease of 3,662,339,212
tons.
The company plans to spend $10,-
622,187 during the coming year on
replacement and extensions that will
improve the operating facilities ol
the entire system and incidentally
help to revive industrial activity.
IRRIGATION WORK
DURING SPRING
The amount of spring irrigation
work depends to a large extent on
the work done tbe previous fall.
Ditching and I tcrals should be
cleaned of sediment; and flumes,
weirs, gateweys and culverts repaired, so as to be ready when tbe
water is turned on. Irrigation will
not take the place of cultivation
and as cultivation comes first in tbe
spring itinerary, it sbould be thor
ougb. If there are any lumps or de
pressions these should be smoothed
out with scraper or float, or with
botb. Time spent in levelling land
is amply repaid in tbe labor and
time saved in irrigating, and the
more even distribution of water,
wbicb results in increased crops,
Tbe more thorough the cultivation
tbe better tbe seed bed, the better
tbe germination, tbe better the soil
to receive tbo irrigation watai and
the better the crops.
As most of tbe irrigation in Brit
isb Columbia is by tbe furrow or
corrugated system, it is necessary to
bave some implement or cbntriv-
ance to make the furrows after tbe
crop has been sown, A simple fur
rower bas been constructed at tbe
experimental station at Invermere,
and diagrams and description will
be furnished to anyone making ap
ing application.
Wben sbould water be applied?
This is a question to whicb a defin
ite answer can not be given, except
tbat irrigation should commence before the plant shows distress. Do
not irrigate, if possible, before tbe
orop hss germinated, ae in early
spring the irrigation water is very
cold and will lower tbe soil temper*
ature considerably and retard and in
some cases materially affect germination. Thrifty growth sbould char
acterize a crop from start to finish.
Even a small degree of drought will
induce some plants to enter upon
tbe maturing process, and further
irrigation may start an undesirable
new growth ratber tban promote tbe
old. This is seeo many times in tbe
distorted tubers in a potato orop.
Many irrigators make an examination oi tbe soil to determine wben
o irrigate. Some soil is taken from
a few inches below tbe surface and
pressed in tbe hand. If when released tbe soil holds together and
shows the finger marks, it is not
necessary to irrigate; but if it does
not bold together it needs irrigation.
Tbe quantity of water to apply at
eacb irrigation is entirely a local
problem depending upon the crop,
the soil and tbe weather, and will
come to the irrigator with experience. Cultivated crops require less
water than uncultivated crops, as
tbe loss from evaporation can be reduced by surface cultivation. Alfalfa, clover and pastures require
about twice as much water as tbe
cereals, and sbould be kept moist
throughout tbe season. Grains re
quire tbe largest amount of water at
flowering time.
Cultivate if possible b-foro and
after irrigating, beforehand to make
tbe soil more receptive, and afterwards to form a mulch and check
evaporation. D.> not put off irrigating expecting it to rain, as tbo light
rainfall in eastern British Columbia
has but little effect on lbe amount
of irrigation water required.—R. O.
Newton, Superintendent Experimental Station, Invermere, B. C.
JUDGE CLEMENT'S
SUDDEN DEATH
Well Known Pioneer Barrister of This City Dies
While Dressing to Attend Court
Vancouver, May 6.—Hon. W. H.
P. Clement, justice of tbe supreme
court of British Columbia, died suddenly Wednesday morning at his
residence, 2001 Fifteenth avenue
west, wbile dressing to attend oourt,
wbere bs was sitting on a case. Some
years ago Mr. Justice Clement suffered n partial paralytic stroke,
and a second came Wednesday
morning, accompanied by a hemorrhage of tbe brain, death being almost instantaneous.
William Henry Pope Clement was
born at Vienna, Out, in 1858, and
graduated from Toronto University
and Ogoode Hall. He was called
to tbe Ootario bar in 1880, and
practiced in Toronto from 1898 to
1890. He was a member of the Yukon Council aod legal adviser to
tbat body.   -
In 1901 he became a membar of
tbe British Columbia bar and took
up his residence at Graud Forks.
Four years later he was appointed
judge for Yale county, and In 1906
was elevated to the supreme court
bench.
Twice during bis career as a lawyer Mr. Clement tried his hand at
politics first ae a candidate f r tbe
house of commons in West York in
1891, and in 1903 as candidate for
the British Columbia legislature from
Grand Forks. In both instances hi
was unsuccessful.
Mr. Justice Clement was recogoiznl
as an authority on the Canadian coi -
stitution and on the history of tbe
Domioiou. He was the author of
"The Law of Ihe Canadian Constitution," first published in 1892, and
of a "History of Canada," published
n 1897 aud for a time widely used
in the schools of the Dominion.
Mr. Justice Clement is sdrvived
by bis wife and two daughters. His
only son.Capl. C. M. Clement,M.C.,
a member of the flying corps, was
killed in action in 1917.
Geo. Wilson is reputed to have
caught a very large trout in Christina lake this week by trolling—the
largest trout, in fact, ever taken out
of the lake. Tbe mystery is bow he
THE WEATHER
The following is the minimum
and maximum temperature for each
day during the past week, as re-
corded by the government thermometer on B. F. Law's ranch:
Max.    Min.
May     5—Friday  62        40
6—Saturday  65        33
7- Sunday  64        43
8—Monday  55        32
9—Tuesday  61 31
10—Wednesday.. 65 28
11    Thursday  66        30
Inches
Rainfall  0.11
News of the City
The indications are good for t he
largest fruit crop ever grown iu the
valley this year. Owing to tbe lateness of spring, the trees are not yet
far enough advanced for frost in
jury up to the present time.
Mrs. W. K. C. Mnnly is making
preparations to move to Vancouver
next week. She intends to leside at
tbe coast in future.
Frank Johnson and James Miller,
managed to land  it, a-  tbe  biggest of Deep Creek, were business visitors
fish are supposed to get away. in the city yesterday. THE   SUR,   GBAND   FORKS.   B. C.
3h* ^ratib Storks &utt
AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER
Q. A. EVANS. EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER
SUBSCRIPTION RATES—PAYABLE IN ADVANCE
One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) .$1.00
One Year (in the United States)    1.50
Addresr -" —— 'cations to
The Grand Forks Sun,
Phonr 101R Giund Forks, B. C.
OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVENUE AND LAKE STREET.
FRIDAY, MAY 12. 1922
The Genoa conference has been a sad disappointed, as far as it has gone. Instead of
carrying out the work of its announced purpose—solving the economic problems of Europe, it has increased hatred and suspicion
among the Old World nations, and fomented
strife and jealousies between governments
hitherto reasonably friendly. If a change for
better does come soon, the European nations
should recall their delegates and return to the
statu quo existing before the convening of the
conference and allow each country to work out
its own salvat on in its own way.
Pensions for widowed mothers are becoming general. A dozen years ago a destitute
mother could do one of three things: put her
children into an institution, keep them at
home uncared for while she worked; out, or
stay at home with them and starve. Of course
everyone of the three was bad for the state,
for citizenship and for justice. Illinois passed
a state-wide funds to parents act in 1911, and
now forty-one states in the American Union
have such a law on their statute books.
Astronomy has the glory of being the oldest
of the sciences. It was by watching the spangled heavens that man first got his conception
of an ordered universe, and from that the
thirty-seven highways that cross the border.
Meanwhile the Canadian courts are helping
by recognizing an agreement to sell liquor to
be sent out of Canada to the United States as
a crime, and a man convicted of -the offense
was heavily fined a few weeks ago.
Education in Industry Is Not a Function
to Be Left to the Worker
Education in industry is not a function that
can be left to the workor. It is not a responsibility tbat can be shifted to the individual
foreman and superintendent. It is not limited
to such agencies as continuation schools and
classroom instructions within or without the
plant. Neither is it limited to the casual and
incidental expediences that are bad in the shop
from day to day, says W D. Scott, president
Northwestern University. Eduoation in industry is progressing slowly, but in some firms it
is provided for according to a plan formulated
by an expert who attempts to utilize all the
equipment and all the personnel of the plan t
and strives to provide an effective educatio n
for every employee of the company during th e
entire period of his service.
Employers everywhere have recognized the
folly of attempting to handle men by the ap -
plication of the old methods based on fear and
wages. We have been passing through an era
of panaceas in stimulating men to action.
Prominent among these panaceas are profit-
sharing, employee representation, industrial
democracy, piece rate, welfare, rigid supervision and inspection and the open shop;
The application of science in discovering
effective methods of stimulating men has been
much greater than we are able to appreciat e
at the present time. The teaching of modern
psychology on individual differences has had
immediate application.   Psychology has em-
idea""oro"the7 things'°gov7rneid by" law" No P^T*. *1 **„*? ^u^ ^TT
^^■^^^■^■^■■H-H-iBB •* nno nalof iuoIu email    in     r\\*v    nhvcmal mia litino
SEE
E.G. HENNIGER
COMPANY
Grand Forks, B.C.
Before Buying
Your
SEED GRAIN
and
GARDEN SEEDS
S. T. HULL
Established 1910
RealEstate and Insurance
Resident Agent Grand Forki Towniite
,__.      Company, Limited
Farms     Orchards    Oity Property
Agent* at: NeUoti, Calgary, Wlhnipcic and
otber Prairie point*. Vanoouver Agents:
PBNDBB INVESTMENTS
BATTBNBDRY LANDS LTD.
BitabllBhed ln 1910. wo are tn a poilllon 'to
furnish tellable information conoarntiig thia
district.
Writ* for (reJ I Iteratu re
iGRAND FORKS
Transfer Company
DAVIS 8 HANSEN, Prope
science is more beautiful or more profound.
A young physician who had charge of the
medical and surgical relief work of a manu
facturing plant asked the doctor of the public health service how he could induce his em
ployers to raise his salary, which was twelve
hundred dollars a year.    "Study the needs of|
your plant," advised  the service doctor; "in
vestigate the causes of accidents and of headaches and colics; suggest ways  whereby they
can be reduced and the lost time   can   be
saved, and see what will happen." Six months
later the phys'cian told the servicedrctor that
he had acted on his advice and that his em?
ployers had doubled  his salary.    Preventive
hygiene is always worth twice as much as relief work.
White pine seed fit for use in nurseries is
worth about two dollars a pound, and the
purchasable supply depends entirely on human cone gatnerers. The red squirrel, which
cuts down a great many more cones than it
needs, renders therefore a real service. In the
white pine belt many people earn a tidy sum
every fall by searching the woods for the fat
cones that the energetic squirrel outs off.
It has been repeated again and again  that
the Germans, in spite of  their   complaints
about the reparation demands, are taxed  far
less  than either  the French or the English.
One of the foreign correspondents of the New
York Times puts thc thing in a very effective
form   when   he  says:    This year every man,
woman and child in France contributes thirty-
five dollars in gold for repair of the  devastation  the  Germans  wrought in France.    T^iis
year every  man,   woman and child  in  Germany is asked by the reparation  commission
to contribute three dollars gold  in  cash and
six dollars gold in materials. And the German
chancellor replies that Germany can not. Since
tlio end of the war the French have paid  two
hundred   dollars   gold   [ier capita for reconstruction. The total of all Geiman payments
to tlio allies is forty dollars gold [ier capita.
are relatively small in our physical qualities
and in all qualities which we share with the
higher animals, but that individual differences
are enormous in acquired traits and in the
higher human- qualities.
The emphasis of individual differences has
been of scarcely less importance than the emphasis on the complexity of each individual in
his response to incentive to action. Every hu
man being responds to an indefinite number
of types of motivation. It is probable that no
human being is enabled to make a maximum
exertion unless he is moved by the simultaneous application of several motives.
cAncient History*
Item* Taken From The Orand Porks Sun for the Corresponding
Week Twenty Years Ago
John Manly is in Victoria on legal business.
H L. Newett has established a stage line between
Qrand Forks and Nelson, Wash.
Jay P. Graves, general manger of the Granby oompany,
returned to Spokane yesterday.
Rev. J. R. Robertson, B. A., hus quite recovered from
his recent illness.
Work on the V. V. .',. E. is being pushed forward in a
satisfactory manner.
Rev. and Mrs. J. F. left last evening for Vancouver.
The new school house was opned on Monday with appropriate ceremonies.
The Granby company has let a contract to Porter Bros,
to take out 100,000 tons of ore.
Mayor McCallum of Columbia, has been suffering with
an attack of la gripde during the past three or four days,
but lian now nearly recovered.
Frank Fritz and W. Pntnam left Monday morning for
a prospecting trip up the North Fork.
Rev. Mr Calder, formerly of Alexander, Man., arrived
in the city Monday with his family. Rev. Calder has
been appointed to take charge of the Columbia Presbyterian congregation.
The new director of prohibition enforce
ment in New York is seriously considering
using machine guns to stop the illicit traffic
in liquor that has been going on along the
northern border of that state. The adjutant
general of New York is willing to supply the
guns, and, if the plan is carried out, there will
ho an armed post established on each of the
City Baggage and General
Transfer
Coal,
Wood and Ice
{or Sale
Nothing Else is Aspirin—say*'Bayer
Warning! Unlms you see name
''Bayer" on ttbletx, you are not getting Aspirin at all. Why take chance*)
Accept only an unbroken "B-tyer"
package whioh contvin. direction-!
worked out by physician* during 21
years anl proved safe by millions for
Colds, He-vUche, Eiracfi'), Tootachi,
Neuralgia, Rhem-.ti-.ui, Neuritis,
Lumbago, and Pain. Made in Canad■_..
.   All druggists sell Bayer Tablets of
Aspirin in handy tin boxes o' 12 tub-
lets, and in bottle* of 2 ta nd 100.
Aspirin is the trade in irk (registered
in Cinmla) of Bayer Manufacture of
Mon iiMticaoiilester of Saliuylicacid.
While it is well knowh that Aspirin
metn* Btyer manufacture, to assist
tho public against imitations, the
Tablets of Bayer Oompany will be
stamped with their general trade
mark, the "Bayer Cross."
Office at R. F. Petrie's Store
Phone 64
C.V. Meggitt
Real Estate and Insurance
ORCHARDS, FARM  LANDS   AND CITY
PROPERTY
Ex_*llent fadlltlet fot selling your farms
Wehave agent! at all Coast and Prairie
Polnta
WB CARRY AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE.
DEALER IN POLES. POSTS AND TIES,
AND FABM PRODUCE
Bellabla Infbi-matlon tigardlrl* thl« dlstrot
oheerliilly furnished. We solicit yonr in-
dairies.
- ■     "*    -    ■■ -
Wholesale and Retail
TOBACCONIST
Dealer .in
Havana Cigars, Pipes
Confectionery
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Grand Forka, B. C.
A. E.
COHTRAGTOR AND BUILDER
uJHereisthe
charm of
distinction
about weii
-matched^
pearls
W..VJI*.* *-*\*r '.>   s. **a****-i mcr     ,
A STRING of petals should be a part of every young
•**-***• lady's wardrobe accessories, lt is one ornament
that is loved by all. We have many articles of jewelry
displayed in our shop that will capture your fancy if you
will but call. Consider yourself invited.
We will fit the bridge between your eyes with an adjustment that won't let your nose know you are wearing
glasses,
BRIDGE STREET    f      er*     TAVIAR    JKWBLRR
CiRAND FORKS      * •     V*»    * A * MjKSbW OPTICIAN
Aftent
Dominion Monumental Works
Aabvatos Products Co. Roofing
ESTIMATES FURNISHED
BOX 332 GRAND FORKS, B. C.
DON'T HESITATE!
PHONE 101R
FORFIHE PRINTING
City   Real Estate For
Sale
Applications for immediate purchase of Lots
and Acreage owned by the City, within the
Municipality, are invited.
Prices>—From $25.00 per lot upwards.
Terms:—Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may be seen at the
City Office.
JOHN A. HUTTON.
City Clerk.
FORTHE SPRING GARDEN
AND LAWN
Rakes, Hoes, Spades, Shovels, Grass
Shears and Pruning Shears, Garden
Trowels and Forks. Wheel Barrows,
Lawn Mowers, Window Screen and
Screens, Screen' Doors, etc.
Highest Quality Paint and Varnish
MILLER & GARDNER
Complete Home Furnishers
Statistics recently compiled show that
British Colnmbia has more telephones to
population than any other province of
Canada. It is to maintain this enviable
record that extensions of outside'plant
and central office equipment are constantly being made, and this year large
expenditures are planned. Facilities for
adequate telephoning are always kept up
to top notch, with the result that our
whole system is in excellent condition,
and we are in a position at all times to
supply service when the request is made.
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TELEPHONE COMPANY
By the time a woman has
fed her husband, "yes-deared"
him all through dinner, apolo
gized for the toughness of the
steak, silenced the children so
that-he may read the paper—
with his eyes shut and Ms
mouth open—aud at length
bas flattered, wheedled and
hypnotized him into handing
over $10, just let anybody try
to tell her she is a gilded para
site who doesn't work for her
money!
AUTO LIVERY
AT YOUR
SERVICE
Modern Rigs and Good
Horses at All Hours a"
the
Model Livery Barn
ML H. Bami, Prop.
Plume 68 ScooadStnet THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.
A Wide-Spread War Memorial
.* >&. x^
 *-'      m^
'THIS TARl.fT CCt-T^EnORATE? THOSE IN THE SERVICE
*   _ -1 OF THE CANADIAN PACIFIC   RAILWAY COMPANY WHO
mJ'-m..       AT THE CALL OF KING AND COUNTRY LEFT ALLTHA!
i> mmf'a, WAS DEAR TO THEM, ENDUREft.HARDSHIP FACED DANCER     f
."''**■,I .'AND FINALLY PASSED OUT OF SK_-l*jJ 'OF HEN BY THE j | I
•* r$ I I-WTH OF'DUTY AND.£$LF SAC^IFIci, GIVING. UP THEIR | •    _,       i
^50WN   LIVES THAT OTHERS MIGHT LIVE IN   FREEDOr^.'^ -_' '
/>"      LET THOSE WltfffCOriE AFTER SEE TO IT      '      '    ti ye?,
/////^.   ' "THAT THEIR nAJ|JES BE   N9T'FORGOTTEN .**  ->-* ''^''
• *"" -**    * . it .:* FES TUB 8 RT ..,..■■.
i^- ..•;;;;Kf    '      I')      .■*..."»
■**&/> t»H M 6 ,, ( 1. , VIM Y 1 |i   .*
■*-*•   -*m>U   t   .OROCOURT QUffltlT
'*5?«S!«_3-™*"*°> '	
IN memory of the war-time efforts for King and Country, of eleven thousand O.P.B. employees and more par-
tleularlv of 1,115 men who gavo their lives for tho cause for whicb the British people stood, tiie Canadian
Pacific Railway bas erected at Montreal, Winnipeg, and Vancouver a striking bronze memorial group, depicting
in larger titan life size on Angel of Victory bearing the body of a Canadian soldier upward towards perfect peace.
Tb«M statues were simultaneously unveiled on Friday. April 28th, His Ercelloncy Lord Byng, the Governor General, officiating at tiie Montreal celebration.
At tiie same time was unveiled the bronze tablet illustrated above. Exact duplicates of this tablet wer*
also unveiled at all important points on the C. P. B. system between tiie Atlantic and the Pacific, as well as
at Its American, European and As-otic offices. The tablets arc about five feet in width, and were designed by
Archibald Pearce, of the C. P. B. Chief Engineer's Department, Montreal. The vessel on the left represents
H. M. S. "Lion/' Admiral Beatty's Flagship at tho battle of Jutland, and that on the right the Canadian Pacific Steamship "Empress of Russia," which \vas ongaged through tho war as a fast cruiser, and later as a transport. Beside her stands a standard C. P . R. locomotive and train as having just brought im battalions ready to
embark for overseas service. The soldiers in tho contre represents all arms of the service. The base of the
statues bear the same legend as do tho tablets.
Enlistments of C.P.R. employees totalled 11,340 mon, of which 1,115 wero killed or died of wounds, and
8,106 were wounded. A total of 7,573 were To-employed by the company on their return to Canada, following
ont the O.P.B. policy of re-instating every man who left, in as good a job as that which he had when he went
away, and a total of 13,112 other returned soldiers have also been taken on the company's service. War decorations and medals won by C.P.R. employees totalled 370, and include the following:—
Viotorla Cross, 2; Order of the British Emp're, 6; Distinguished Service Order, 17; Distinguished Service
Oros*, S; Military Cross, 64; Distinguished Conduct Modal, 47; Military Modal, 180.
Mother (to fittle Willie as father
takes down tbe telephone receiver)—
"Run outside, Willie. Father in going to try to get a telephone number.
The Pciboh—"Well,  I can't say,
guv'nor.    Some days I   'as  about
twenty or thirty, an' then agaiu, another day, perhaps I might 'ave
quite a lot."
Tired Worker—'Boss, vou got a
nigger on yo' book name Simpson)"
Boss—"Yeah. What about it?"
T. W.—"Wai, I'se dat uigger,
boss—I jest thought you done had
it down Samson, dat's all."
Ernest Inquirer (ooileoting statistics for work on temperance)—"And
how many glasses of beer do you
drink in a day?"
Railway News
«->.._.-><_.— i-ncre are in i anada at
least 37,000 square miles of peat
bogs, with deposits from five to ten
feet deep, and it is estimated that
each square mile contains on an
average tho equivalent of 430,000
tons of coal. The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research at Ottawa after considering tho problem
of making Canada's fuel consumption less dependent upon the Unilod
States, induced the Dominion and
Ontario Governments to appoint
jointly a peat commission, which
carried on extensive experimental
development   work   at   the   Alfi.d
fieat bog, on thc Montreal-Ottawa
ine of the C.P.R. The product was
sold at irofitable prices in competition with real, and it is expected
that a flourishing peat industry will
eventually be founded.
)	
Winnipeg.—Western Canada recently welcomed the first contingent
of its 1922 army of settlers from
Europe and the United States whan
860 persons—men, women and children—arrived at the Canadian Pacific and Union depots. Immigration officials state that the influx
for the season definitely is "on."
All these settlers will go on the
land in Manitoba and the western
provinces. The new arrivals, for
the most part, are family parties
with effects or money, or both, and
their intention is to farm on the
prairies and not to migrate to the
cities.    *
Manitoba's share of these settlers
was a farmer group of 111 persons
who expect to locate on farms, family groups composed this party almost entirely. Additional parties
iwere bound for Saskatchewan. Alberta and British Columbia.
A party of 60 immigrants arrived from Roscoe, Minnesota and
was accompanied by 9 cars of effects. All are bound for the western provinces. Hazel Dell, Saskatchewan, was the destination of Oof
the cars, one went to Melrose, Saskatchewan, one to Clyde, Alberta,
and one to Cudworth, Saskatchewan.
Passengers from the steamship
Tunisian, numbering 178, arrived in
Winnipeg over the Canadian Pacific
Railway.
A little tulle, a yard of silk;
A little skin, ad white as milk.
A little strap. How dare she breathe!
A liftle cough—"Good   evening,
Eve." *
Porter—"Carry   yo'
Never bus' a bottle yet.
bag,    boss?
When a man loses
anything else he
advertises for it,
but when he loses
his head he stops
advertising---
Don't Lose
Your Head
Places   of   Passing   News   Interest
***mmm^**mmm****mmwaa*******m*ama THE   SUN,   URAND   FORKS,   B. C.
News of the City
The cases against the three men
charged with a contravention of tbe
government liquor control act, whicb
were argued in Judge Brown's court
las week, came to conclusion 'ate
last Friday evening, and at 9:30 Saturday morning tbe judge rendered
hiB verdict. Tbe accused were given
their liberty on a technicality, an
error having been made in the issuance ol the warrants at Vancouver.
Two of the freed men, Reeder and
Thompson, immediately left town
by Auto conveyance. The third, Mr.
Traunweiser, quitted tbe city before
the trials began. A few minutes after
the acquitted men had crossed the
boundary line officers wero around
witb new warrants looking for tbein,
but they missed connections. Clayton of Penticton conducted; tbe
prosecution, ] and PincottJ appeared
for the defendants.
daughter will reside in the city until
bis return. P. H. Donaldson will
look after Mr. McCallum's road
duties during his absence.
Robert Mann's ranch, east of tbe
city, was sold last week to a Saskatoon party, tbe transfer being negotiated by J S. Weir,
The annual meeting of the Kootenay Diocesan Women's Auxiliary
will be held in Penticton on May 31.
Chief Fraser and Mre. Fraser, of
Greenwood, were in the city on
Tuesday.
The Spokane Concrete Pipe company made a record run last week
TRY OUR
Economy Tea
OUR OWN BRAND
55c a Pound
THE CITY GROCERY
Phone 25 H. H. Henderson, Prop.
manufacturing concrete pipe for tbe
irrigation system. Everything at the
two plants is now working to perfection. Several crews of men are
engaged in laying tbe pipe, and this
Hunter's Remarkable Trophy
The Sun is;in;>.position ;to state
that the report>irculated, in this
city during the past week by some
evil raiuded persons' to the'"effect
that J. F. Morrell, raised and educated in this city and"; who is? now
bookkeeper.for; a'.big'jmining .company in Butte, Mont., bad>nded in
jailjin tbatjcity^n a;chargejof ped
dlingV'dope/'TiB absolutely false.
According;to letters received fr6m
Butte citizens, by„ tho parents and
relatives of tbe young man in this
city, if anyone was arrested in tbe
Montana city for;peddling; "dope,"
it was someone with a similar
name.
m
Miss Hilda Mansfield and James
F. Ellis, two well known and popular young people of this city, were
united in marriage at Holy Trinity
ehureh yesterday morning, Rev. P.
C Hayman performing the ceremony. The young couple left oa
the Great Nonhern train for a short
honeymoon trip to Spokane.
J. A. McCallum, road foreman
in the Grand Forks electoral district,
has been granted a six months' leave
of absence, and he left on Tuesday
foi a vacation trip lo his old home
in   Ontario.   Mre.  McCallum   and
Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Rendell, old-
men of Greenwood, bave moved to
Penticton, where tbey will engage
in ranching.
Head of Br*horn or Rocky  Mountain Sheep   secured last
October near Lake Louise, Alberta.   This is one of th*
finest and largest heads ever secured.
The Western provinces of Canada
•re famous as resorts of big eame.
Many kinds are to be found, but
amongst the most soaght are bighorn or Rocky Mountain sheep. The
hunters that get a bighorn procure
• handsome trophy in tbe horns. It
is said that the biggest and best bighorn heads are to be found in the
Rockies. Last October a party of
hunters under the leadership of
James Simpson, well known Banff
guide and hunting outfitter started
out from Lake Louise. They hunted
through Clearwater, Sheep Creek,
and the Saskatchewan River. Many
bighorn and wild goats were seen,
and amongst the trophies secured
Was a bead with a base 16 .inches
wide, s left horn 47 % inches, and
a right fforn 49 inches. The aninuk
weighed 350 lbs. There were twelve
bighorn in the group from which
this remarkable specimen was taken.
and two of the others looked Just
as large.
Bighorn are very much afraid of
men, and they make their haunts im
the most secluded places. Some
good hunting districts are the southern parts of British Columbia, Eart
Kootenay Mountains, Okanagan district, Valley of the Bridge and Chil-
cotln Rivers, the Cassiar country.
East Kootenay is one of the moat
favored districts, and hunters set ont
from Golden, Invermere, Michel,
Fernie and Cranbrook, all of whieh
are on the 0, P. B, • s   -**
CORPORATION OF TBE CITY OF GRAND
. FORKS, B. C.
Citizens holding debentures under
By-law 164 are reminded that the
half year's interest thereon becomes
due on May 16th. Coupons for same
will be honored at the Canadian
Bank of Commerce or the Royal
Bank.
JOHN A. HUTTON,
City Clerk.
LASTING PEACE
WORLD-WIDE
SOON
MILLIONS NOW  LIVING  WILL   NEVER   DIE"
Through the tumult of ages, while
storms of human passion have been
sweeping the earth, men of God1 having
faith in His word, have loyked forward
with joy to the fulfillment of His promise
that a time would come when mankind
would "Beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning-
hooks;   nation shall not lift up   sword
against nation,  neither learn   war
any more."
Thousands of students of prophecy
believe that time is in the immediate future ; that the present distress upon earth
is but the darkness preceding the dawn.
For a clear and logical presentation of
tho Scriptural evidence you are invited to
bear
J. B. Williams
Travelling Representative of the
International  Bible  Students' Ass n
IN THE
Grand Forks Opera House
ON
THURSDAY
18th
EVENING,   MAY
Doors Open at 7:30
Seats Free No Collection.
t^   .iSJ.nd__,a P°stcard  request for free copies of tffe following tracts:   "Where Are The
, -*,[''SP"'Itisn1' Is It Demonism?" "Calamities, Why Permitted?" "What Is a Chris*
Man? What Are His Standards?" International   Bible Students Association, 270 Dundas
bt. West, Toronto, Ont.
part of the work ia progressing very
favorably. At present everything
seems to indioate that tbe system
will be completed on contract time.
Vancouver.—After waging warfare ever since the wharfs were first
erected, Canadian Pacific officials-
are of the opinion that they have at
last exterminated the thousands of
rats that used to infest the neighborhood, causing thousands of dollars damage to freight.
About six months ap.o the company brought all its artillery to bear
fn the shape of a spccia'.ly-pro-nred
poison, which was liberally pip. ed in
every runway that could bp detected,
care being taken to see that dogs
could not reach it. Not satisfied
■with this, a wonderful rat trap, of
a pattern that has done great service for the company at other places,
was purchased at an expense of
$15. The trap was placed in tha
place formerly most largely frequented by the rodents, the cooperage room. There it remained for a
week or more but -caught no rats.
The trap was found to be working
properly, but investigation showed
that the poison had exterminated
the rats.
Vancouver officials of the company say they will be glad to give
wholesalers and others who are sustaining heavy loss through rat destruction, tha benefit of the methods
CANCELLATION OF RESERVE
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the reserve
_?.' . n*?*?T_erLo.tX88: Osoyoos, now Similkameen Division of Tale District aud covered by
Lot, 8842S, 28418, 2844S, 2845S andI 2846Sf.
Similltaraeen Division of Yale Distrlot, Is can-
STllm. Lot" *•*•£??*.Sma- 2g**a ***** "MS".
Similkameen Division of Yale Distrlot, will
_?!!_.0?SRid Ior _.",aL° *Vl. publio anotlon only,
due notioe of whioh will 60 given. Lot 2848 S
Similkameen Division of Ya"e District, ls set
aside for Sohool purposes.
O. R.NAQBN,
Und. Department?""'5' m"l'>e' " U**d''
'      Viotorla, B. C.
29tii March, 1922.
BIDE THERE Off CLEVELAND
IT brings the whole country for miles around within easy reach.
Have you seen the new models) They're as graceful as swallows! As
bright as new coin! As weatherproof as a duck) Automobile Steel
Bearings. Frame of English Seamless Steel Tubing. Hard Maple
Rims. Hercules Brake. Everything complete. Real Quality. Real
Value. Easy Terms. We are tbe people to mount you right.
J. R. MOOYBOER SBBtiftSiMstt
Open Saturday Evenings 111110 o'Cloek
THC UOVIKNMINT or
TJ_» PROVINCE OF B-__TISH.OO-.UN_II_.
RE SPECIAL
TIMBER   LICENCES
The attention of Timber Licence
holders who are taking advantage of
the provisions of the 1921 Amendment to the FOREST ACT, whereby
arrears of licence fees accrued prior
to 31st December, 1920, have been
funded and made payable in annual
instalments, is specially directed to
the fact that any renewal fee which
became due in 1921 is not included
in the instalments above mentioned,
and such 1921 and all subsequent re
newal fees must be paid within one
year after the date of expiry of the
licence in order to maintain the right
of the holder to obtain a renewal of
the licence.
E. F. LAWS
REAL ESTATE
*V'
l INSURANCE
OFFICB WINNIPEG AVBNOB
orrosiTK aaowus-U-CBANGB
PHONE 164
PACIFIC SBBBT MBTAL WORKS, LTD.,
VANGOUVBI
IMBTAI.:
IRRIGATION
PIPES and      FLUMES
B. F. LAWS
Our
Hobby
is
Good
Printing
npUE value of well-
•*• printed, neat appearing stationery as
a means of getting and
holding desirable business has been amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
elsewhere.
Wedding invitations
Bail programs
Business cards
Visiting cards
Sh'*r~ing tags
Letterheads
Statements
Noteheads
Pamphlets
Price lists
Envelopes
Billheads
Circulars
Dodgers
Posters
Menus
THE HUB—Bring your boot
and shoe repairs to my
shop . foe neat and prompt
work. Look for the big
boot.—GEO.   ARMSON
Yale Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty*
afci
P. A. Z. PARE, Proprietor
Yalk Hotel, Fibst Stbkkt
New Type
Latest Style
Faces
THE SUN
Columbia Avenue and
Lake Street
TELEPHONE
R101
CANCELLATION OP RESERVE
NOTICK IS HEREBY GIVEN thnt the reserve
existing ovor expired Timber Licence No.
11165 and Lot- 2987 S, 298S8, 2991 S to*!W8H In-
elusive, Sluiilkuraeen Division of Yale Dlltrlot, It cancelled.
O. II. NADEN,
Deputy Minister of Laud..
Lands Department.
Vlotorlit. H. C.,
Stb April, 1922.
PICTURES
UD PICTURE FRAMIN6
Furniture Made to Order.
Also Repairing of all Kindt.
Upholstering Neatly   Dn»
■  *a
R. G. MoCUTCHEON
iwimiPM Af nra
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
Minimum prlo* of first-class land
reduced te fe an- acre: second-alans to
tt -0 an sen.
Pre-emption now (-onflow) to aar-
veyed landa only.
Record. wUl be granted covering only
land suitable for agricultural purposes
and which Is non-timber land.
Partnership pre-emptions abolished,
but ponies of not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with Joint residence, but each making
ntceaanry Improvements ou respective
claims. v
Pre-emptoru must occupy claims for
**** r*ara and mako Improvements to
value or |10 per acre, Including clearing and cultivation of at least e acrea,
before receiving Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor In occupation not
leas than I years, and hou made proportionate Improvements, he may, because af Ill-health, or other cause, be
granted Intermediate certificate of lin-
prvraaaent and traisf er his claim.
Haoorde without permanent resi-
5EJ-L■¥* *• '•sued, provided applicant makes improvements to extent of
IA** perannum and records same each
rear. Failure to make Improvementa
or record same will operate as forfeiture. Title cannot be obtained in
_y\.?ir * r*a*a. and improvements
mbtSM ur acre. Including S acres
eleared and cultivated, and residence
et at least t yean are required.
Pre-emptor holding Crown grant
may record another pre-emption, if he
requires land ln conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, i„o-
vlded statutory improvements made
and residence maintained ou Crown
granted land. e_i
UnBurveyed areas, not exceeding SO
RKS   Jf*y_..b1   1»1U1«<I   ■»   homesites.
title to he obtained after fulfilling re«i
dentlal and Improvement conditions.
War graaing and Industrial uurpu^us
area*   exceeding   tit)   ncres   may   he
•SS?   / on* P*r»on or company.
..   J ' J»c'°ry or Industrial Miles on
timber land   not   cxccedli);    10   acres
may be purchased; conditions Include
payment of stumpage.
-Natural hay  meadows Inaccessible
.       _._7__r_____^-"fl    ••••,•:.—.   .fi-flfl-i.-u__.iuit;
JL-SK'V roum* ***** *** Purchased
aondttlonaTapon construction of a road
to them.   Rebate of one-half of cost of
prtM. tornado'^ * *unl"M>
prb-emptort    free    grant*
ACT.
.-HP"! ***g* •* *9** Aat Sa enlarged te
^•^U^ns joining and _£r"
***** «£•"• rear team the death of
wm'S.e*****?.1' ** *°*\***rt*r. "nm one
ProvWon tar rsturn sf monmr«o-
crued. due end been paid since August
4. 1014, on aeoount of payments, lea*
of,Sif*- aoldlera' prTSnptlMe
interest on agreements to purchase
\°^*i,*i*L "ot* held by meibSTof
Allied rotcee, or dependents, acquired
•UB-PURCHABEU OP CROWN
Provision made for tasuanoe of
Crown grants to sub-purchasers of
Crown Landa, acquiring rights from
purchaaers who failed to complete
purchase^Involving forfeiture, on fulfillment of conditions of purchase Interest and taxes. Where sub-purchasers do not claim whole of original parcel, purchase price due and taxes may
be   distributed    r*-~*-t< *?--* "5      •
whole   area.
made by Hay
GRAZING.
Graaing Act, 1*19. for systematic
development of livestock Industry provides for grazing districts Mdrange
admlnlsu .tion under Oeamlaatoner
Annual graslng permit. !«,„*_ bued
on numbers ranged: priority for established ownera. fc6ek-oS.n«"£S
form Associations tar range manaa-e-
ment free, or parttaOy free. peraTlu
fur settlers, campers er travellers uo
•o ten head
d   proportionately   over
Applications   must   be
1, 1M0.
NEW HARNESS SHOP
I have opened a new harness shop and am prepared
to make harness to order
and do all kinds of repair
work. Shop -equipped with
modern machinery. All work
guaranteed:
C. A. Crawford
Neu Telephone Offieo

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